The act of making a selection among two or more alternatives, usually after a period of deliberation.
An object or a situation that can serve to reinforce a response, to satisfy a motive, or to afford pleasure.
The observable response an animal makes to any situation.
Usually refers to the use of mathematical models in the prediction of learning to perform tasks based on the theory of probability applied to responses; it may also refer to the frequency of occurrence of the responses observed in the particular study.
An activity distinguished primarily by an element of risk in trying to obtain a desired goal, e.g., playing a game of chance for money.
A schedule prescribing when the subject is to be reinforced or rewarded in terms of temporal interval in psychological experiments. The schedule may be continuous or intermittent.
The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.
The strengthening of a conditioned response.
Learning situations in which the sequence responses of the subject are instrumental in producing reinforcement. When the correct response occurs, which involves the selection from among a repertoire of responses, the subject is immediately reinforced.
Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.
An act performed without delay, reflection, voluntary direction or obvious control in response to a stimulus.
Games designed to provide information on hypotheses, policies, procedures, or strategies.
Family in the order COLUMBIFORMES, comprised of pigeons or doves. They are BIRDS with short legs, stout bodies, small heads, and slender bills. Some sources call the smaller species doves and the larger pigeons, but the names are interchangeable.
Learning that is manifested in the ability to respond differentially to various stimuli.
Those psychological characteristics which differentiate individuals from one another.
Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.
The selection or choice of sexual partner in animals. Often this reproductive preference is based on traits in the potential mate, such as coloration, size, or behavioral boldness. If the chosen ones are genetically different from the rejected ones, then NATURAL SELECTION is occurring.
Undertaking a task involving a challenge for achievement or a desirable goal in which there is a lack of certainty or a fear of failure. It may also include the exhibiting of certain behaviors whose outcomes may present a risk to the individual or to those associated with him or her.
Theoretical representations that simulate psychological processes and/or social processes. These include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The selection of one food over another.
A species of the genus MACACA inhabiting India, China, and other parts of Asia. The species is used extensively in biomedical research and adapts very well to living with humans.
The rostral part of the frontal lobe, bounded by the inferior precentral fissure in humans, which receives projection fibers from the MEDIODORSAL NUCLEUS OF THE THALAMUS. The prefrontal cortex receives afferent fibers from numerous structures of the DIENCEPHALON; MESENCEPHALON; and LIMBIC SYSTEM as well as cortical afferents of visual, auditory, and somatic origin.
The time from the onset of a stimulus until a response is observed.
Relatively permanent change in behavior that is the result of past experience or practice. The concept includes the acquisition of knowledge.
The coordination of a sensory or ideational (cognitive) process and a motor activity.
Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.
Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.
Signals for an action; that specific portion of a perceptual field or pattern of stimuli to which a subject has learned to respond.
An outbred strain of rats developed in 1915 by crossing several Wistar Institute white females with a wild gray male. Inbred strains have been derived from this original outbred strain, including Long-Evans cinnamon rats (RATS, INBRED LEC) and Otsuka-Long-Evans-Tokushima Fatty rats (RATS, INBRED OLETF), which are models for Wilson's disease and non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, respectively.
Mental processing of chromatic signals (COLOR VISION) from the eye by the VISUAL CORTEX where they are converted into symbolic representations. Color perception involves numerous neurons, and is influenced not only by the distribution of wavelengths from the viewed object, but also by its background color and brightness contrast at its boundary.
The observable response of a man or animal to a situation.
Sexual activities of animals.
Sexual activities of humans.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of the neurological system, processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
A meshlike structure composed of interconnecting nerve cells that are separated at the synaptic junction or joined to one another by cytoplasmic processes. In invertebrates, for example, the nerve net allows nerve impulses to spread over a wide area of the net because synapses can pass information in any direction.
Imaging techniques used to colocalize sites of brain functions or physiological activity with brain structures.
Investigative technique commonly used during ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY in which a series of bright light flashes or visual patterns are used to elicit brain activity.
One of the catecholamine NEUROTRANSMITTERS in the brain. It is derived from TYROSINE and is the precursor to NOREPINEPHRINE and EPINEPHRINE. Dopamine is a major transmitter in the extrapyramidal system of the brain, and important in regulating movement. A family of receptors (RECEPTORS, DOPAMINE) mediate its action.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Any observable response or action of a child from 24 months through 12 years of age. For neonates or children younger than 24 months, INFANT BEHAVIOR is available.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
The tendency to explore or investigate a novel environment. It is considered a motivation not clearly distinguishable from curiosity.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
Any observable response or action of an adolescent.
Disturbances considered to be pathological based on age and stage appropriateness, e.g., conduct disturbances and anaclitic depression. This concept does not include psychoneuroses, psychoses, or personality disorders with fixed patterns.
The behavior patterns associated with or characteristic of a mother.
The application of modern theories of learning and conditioning in the treatment of behavior disorders.
Relatively invariant mode of behavior elicited or determined by a particular situation; may be verbal, postural, or expressive.
Behavior which may be manifested by destructive and attacking action which is verbal or physical, by covert attitudes of hostility or by obstructionism.
Animal behavior associated with the nest; includes construction, effects of size and material; behavior of the adult during the nesting period and the effect of the nest on the behavior of the young.
Any behavior associated with conflict between two individuals.
Animal searching behavior. The variable introductory phase of an instinctive behavior pattern or sequence, e.g., looking for food, or sequential courtship patterns prior to mating.
The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.
Behavior in which persons hurt or harm themselves without the motive of suicide or of sexual deviation.
Instinctual behavior pattern in which food is obtained by killing and consuming other species.
Selection of a type of occupation or profession.
Behaviors which are at variance with the expected social norm and which affect other individuals.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
The observable, measurable, and often pathological activity of an organism that portrays its inability to overcome a habit resulting in an insatiable craving for a substance or for performing certain acts. The addictive behavior includes the emotional and physical overdependence on the object of habit in increasing amount or frequency.
Behaviors associated with the ingesting of water and other liquids; includes rhythmic patterns of drinking (time intervals - onset and duration), frequency and satiety.
Coordinate set of non-specific behavioral responses to non-psychiatric illness. These may include loss of APPETITE or LIBIDO; disinterest in ACTIVITIES OF DAILY LIVING; or withdrawal from social interaction.
The behavior of performing an act persistently and repetitively without it leading to reward or pleasure. The act is usually a small, circumscribed behavior, almost ritualistic, yet not pathologically disturbing. Examples of compulsive behavior include twirling of hair, checking something constantly, not wanting pennies in change, straightening tilted pictures, etc.
Reduction of high-risk choices and adoption of low-risk quantity and frequency alternatives.
An act which constitutes the termination of a given instinctive behavior pattern or sequence.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
Choice: Current Reviews for Academic Libraries. 50 (9): 50-4929. doi:10.5860/CHOICE.50-4929. Retrieved March 20, 2015. ... Gottlieb, Jeffrey D. (March 1, 2013). "Questions Left Unanswered". Ethics & Behavior. 23 (2): 163-166. doi:10.1080/ ... Choice: Current Reviews for Academic Libraries writer R. S. Stansbury explained that the book is able to use simple examples to ... A review in Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews by Colin Allen criticized some of Gunkel's methodology and the indecisiveness of ...
inclusive fitness models of suicidal behavior against the ethnographic record". Evolution and Human Behavior. 37 (3): 179-192. ... This is possible when submitting a low-quality paper to a high impact journal results in a lengthier peer review process, ... Miller, Geoffrey F. (2000). The mating mind : how sexual choice shaped the evolution of human nature (1st Anchor Books ed.). ... A signal differs from a cue in that signals evolved to influence the behavior or perceptions of others, while a cue is any ...
Review of Economic Studies, 51(4):683-692, 1984. F. Brandl, F. Brandt, and H. G. Seedig. Consistent probabilistic social choice ... Games and Economic Behavior. 14, pages 308-314, 2019. Laslier, J.-F. Interpretation of electoral mixed strategies Social Choice ... Comparison functions and choice correspondences. Social Choice and Welfare, 16: 513-532, 1999. F. Brandt, M. Brill, H. G. ... Games and Economic Behavior, 5(1):182-201, 1993. D. C. Fisher and J. Ryan. Tournament games and positive tournaments. Journal ...
Behavior Reviews. 4: 29-39. doi:10.3819/ccbr.2009.40003. Hanson, Anne (2012). "How do rats choose what to eat?". Rat behavior ... This behavior was initially interpreted as part of their tunnel building behavior, but it was eventually realized that they ... ISBN 978-0-8018-7416-1. Hanson, Anne (25 October 2006). "Wild Norway rat behavior". Rat behavior and biology. Retrieved 1 July ... "Scent marking behavior as an odorant communication in mice". Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews. 32 (7): 1236-1248. doi: ...
Eberhard, W.G. (1991). "Copulatory courtship and cryptic female choice in insects". Biology Reviews. 66: 1-31. doi:10.1111/j. ... In many primate species, males direct agonistic behavior toward females prior to courtship behaviors. Such behavior can include ... Candolin, U. (November 2003). "The use of multiple cues in mate choice" (PDF). Biological Reviews. 78 (4): 575-595. doi:10.1017 ... the mate exercises choice, so sexual selection acts on the display. These behaviors often include ritualized movement ("dances ...
Choice Reviews Online. 34 (07): 34-4049-34-4049. 1997-03-01. doi:10.5860/choice.34-4049. ISSN 0009-4978. Ames Ma & Houston DA. ... Such inclinations and behaviors are found in the Middle East as well[citation needed]. During the pre-modern period (1500-1800 ... Archives of Sexual Behavior. 1990 Aug;19(4):333-42. El-Rouayheb, Khaled. Before Homosexuality in the Arab-Islamic World, 1500- ... With the increased influence of the West, even if one were to abide by the societal norms that once made such behavior ...
Hanson, Anne (2012). "How do rats choose what to eat?". Rat behavior and biology. Retrieved 24 August 2014. CS1 maint: ... Griffin, A. S. (2004). "Social learning about predators: A review and prospectus". Animal Learning & Behavior. 32 (1): 131-40. ... Adults only display teaching behavior in response to pup begging calls, and adults modify their specific teaching behaviors ... This behavior is shown by an ant who has located a food source in order to guide a naive ant to the desired location. The ...
Akerlof, George A.; Yellen, Janet L. (May 1987). "Rational Models of Irrational Behavior". The American Economic Review. 77 (2 ... Decision theory (or the theory of choice not to be confused with choice theory) is the study of an agent's choices. Decision ... Intertemporal choice is concerned with the kind of choice where different actions lead to outcomes that are realised at ... The area of choice under uncertainty represents the heart of decision theory. Known from the 17th century (Blaise Pascal ...
Schmidt SR (2003). "Life Is Pleasant-and Memory Helps to Keep It That Way!" (PDF). Review of General Psychology. 7 (2): 203-210 ... Hsee CK, Hastie R (January 2006). "Decision and experience: why don't we choose what makes us happy?" (PDF). Trends in ... "The Default Effect: How to Leverage Bias and Influence Behavior". Influence at Work. 2012-01-11. Retrieved 2018-10-10. Why We ... ISBN 978-1-4051-1304-5. MacCoun RJ (1998). "Biases in the interpretation and use of research results" (PDF). Annual Review of ...
Eiser, J. Richard; Sutton, Stephen R. (1977-01-01). "Smoking as a subjectively rational choice". Addictive Behaviors. 2 (2-3): ... Clift, S., Hancox, G., Staricoff, R., & Whitmore, C. (2008). "Singing and health: A systematic mapping and review of non- ... Confidence is a state of being clear-headed either that a hypothesis or prediction is correct or that a chosen course of action ... In the extreme, large differences between oneʼs self-perception and oneʼs actual behavior is a hallmark of a number of ...
A Review of Sexual Strategies: How Females Chose Their Mates. European Sociobiological Society Newsletter, No. 41, April 1996, ... Archives of Sexual Behavior. 29 (1): 1-34. doi:10.1023/A:1001836320541. PMID 10763427. S2CID 28241162. Miller EM. Income, ... A Review and Extension of Why Race Matters. Journal of Social, Political, and Economic Studies, Vol. 23 (Fall 1998) No. 3, 360- ... BackFire: Review and Extension. The Journal of Social, Political, and Economic Studies, Vol. 21, (Winter 1996) No. 4. ...
"Anomalous Behavior in a Traveler's Dilemma?". The American Economic Review. 89 (3): 678-690. doi:10.1257/aer.89.3.678. JSTOR ... If Bob chooses any dollar value 2-98 inclusive, $99 and $100 give equal payoffs; if Bob chooses $99 or $100, choosing $99 nets ... By definition this means that if your opponent chooses this Nash equilibrium value then your best choice is that Nash ... The only situation where choosing $99 would give a higher payoff than choosing $98 is if Bob chooses $100-but if Bob is only ...
Tolman, EC (1938). "The determinants of behavior at a choice point". Psychological Review. 45: 1-41. doi:10.1037/h0062733. ... and in a series of papers in the Psychological Review, "The determinants of behavior at a choice point" (1938), "Cognitive maps ... "The Determiners of Behavior at a Choice Point" (1938). The three different variables that influence behavior are: independent, ... Tolman, EC (1951). Behavior and psychological man: essays in motivation and learning. Berkeley: University of California Press ...
Luce, R. Duncan (Robert Duncan) (2005). Individual choice behavior : a theoretical analysis. Mineola, N.Y.: Dover Publications ... Thurstone, L. L. (1994). "A law of comparative judgment". Psychological Review. 101 (2): 266-270. doi:10.1037/0033-295X.101.2. ... Social choice theory also has foundations that depend on stochastic transitivity models. Positive Results: Every model that ... Also, models of rational choice theory are based on the assumption of transitivity of preferences (see Von Neumann's utility ...
American economic review, 848-881. Erev, I., Ert, E., Roth, A. E., Haruvy, E., Herzog, S. M., Hau, R., ... & Lebiere, C. (2010 ... A choice prediction competition: Choices from experience and from description. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 23(1), 15 ... Zion, U. B., Erev, I., Haruvy, E., & Shavit, T. (2010). Adaptive behavior leads to under-diversification. Journal of Economic ... Nobel Laureate Alvin Roth has started a branch of behavioral economics focused on human learning in games and individual choice ...
Chung, S. H.; Herrnstein, R. J. (1967). "Choice and delay of Reinforcement". Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior. ... O'Donoghue, T.; Rabin, M. (1999). "Doing it now or later". The American Economic Review. 89: 103-124. doi:10.1257/aer.89.1.103 ... However, given the choice between $50 in five years or $100 in six years almost everyone will choose $100 in six years, even ... For instance, when offered the choice between $50 now and $100 a year from now, many people will choose the immediate $50. ...
Reviews of Financial Behavior: Fridson, Martin (2018). "Review". Financial Analysts Journal. 13 (1). doi:10.2469/br.v13.n1.6 ( ... Choice: Current Reviews for Academic Libraries. 55 (4): 491-492. ISSN 0009-4978. Victor Ricciardi publications indexed by ... Reviews of Investor Behavior: Moy, Ronald L. (2014). "Review". Financial Analysts Journal. 70 (6): 53-54. JSTOR 24586293. Hayes ... Baker, H. Kent; Ricciardi, Victor (2014). Investor Behavior: The Psychology of Financial Planning and Investing. John Wiley & ...
Einhorn, H. J., & Hogarth, R. M. (1981). Behavioral decision theory: Processes of judgment and choice. Annual Review of ... Organizational Behavior and Human Performance, 13, 171-192. Einhorn, H. J., & Hogarth, R. M. (1978). Confidence in judgment: ... Psychological Review, 85, 395-416. Einhorn, H. J., & Hogarth, R. M. (1986). Decision making under ambiguity. Journal of ... Psychological Review, 114 (3), 733-758. Baucells, M., Carrasco, J. A., & Hogarth, R. M. (2008). Cumulative dominance and ...
Davey, Angela (March 10, 2021). "Album review: Eyehategod - A History of Nomadic Behavior". Kerrang!. Retrieved March 12, 2021 ... "Lucy Spraggan Releases 'Animal' From Her Stunning New Album Choices". Broadway World. January 8, 2021. Retrieved February 5, ... "Wendy - Like Water review: navigating the ebbs and flows of emotions with vocal fluidity". NME. April 9, 2021. Retrieved April ... "I.M - Duality review: defining duality in more ways than one". NME. February 19, 2021. Retrieved February 19, 2021. Wass, Mike ...
Tolman, E. C. (1938). "The Determiners of Behavior at a Choice Point". Psychological Review. 45: 1-41. doi:10.1037/h0062733. ... "The Determiner of Behavior at a Choice Point" Kenneth MacCorquodale and Paul E. Meehl (1948) ON A DISTINCTION BETWEEN ... As outlined above, there are a few different options one can choose from to evaluate a mediation model. Bootstrapping is ... might) and the behaviour chosen in the PDG (dependent variable: competitive vs. cooperative). The researchers next looked for ...
Carter CS (2014). "Oxytocin pathways and the evolution of human behavior". Annual Review of Psychology. 65: 17-39. doi:10.1146/ ... Miller, Geoffrey F. (2000). The Mating Mind: How Sexual Choice Shaped the Evolution of Human Nature (1st ed.). New York: ... West-Eberhard, Mary Jane (1975). "The Evolution of Social Behavior by Kin Selection". The Quarterly Review of Biology. ... Some of the behaviors associated with living in large groups include reciprocal altruism, deception and coalition formation. ...
According to WorldCat, the book is in 299 libraries WorldCat item record Review by Adam Gifford Jr in Public choice. 100, no. 1 ... "The Behavior of Congressional Tenure Over Time: 1953-1991." Public Choice (Dordrecht). 73.2 (1992): 183-203. Catherine Chilman ... and Public Finance Review. His books were reviewed in various publications, including Social Service Review He has written ... The Social Service Review. 71.3 (1997): 506- "Election Statistics". Office of the Clerk of the House of Representatives. ...
Intertemporal choice behavior is largely inconsistent, as exemplified by George Ainslie's hyperbolic discounting-one of the ... See Freeman, 2004 for a review Woo, Kai-Yin; Mai, Chulin; McAleer, Michael; Wong, Wing-Keung (March 2020). "Review on ... The authors refer to influencing behavior without coercion as libertarian paternalism and the influencers as choice architects ... It aids in determining whether people make good or bad choices and whether they could be helped to make better choices. It can ...
"The Assurance Problem in a Laboratory Market" (with James M. Walker and David Schmidtz). Public Choice 62:217-236, 1989. ... Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization 2: 1-30. "Theories and Tests of Blind Bidding in Sealed Bid Auctions," (with ... Supreme Court Economic Review 2:43-87. "In Search of Predatory Pricing," (with Vernon Smith). Journal of Political Economy 93: ... American Economic Review 71, No.3:-448-459, June 1981; "The Opportunity for Conspiracy in Restraint of Trade: An Experimental ...
Houck, Lynne D.; Verrell, Paul A. (1993). "Studies of courtship behavior in plethodontid salamanders: a review". Herpetologica ... Female choice is the final step in the males attempt to reproduce; if the female does not find the male's traits desirable, ... as cited by Some male behaviors that may have led to polyandry are displacement, where a male is gripped onto and mating with a ... The fittest males will have the deepest croaks and the best territories, with females known to make their mate choices at least ...
Physiology E. Johansson, BG, and TM Jones (2007). The role of chemical communication in mate choice. Biological Reviews, 82(2 ... Another behavior common among lizards that use chemical communication is tongue flicking. Similar to what we see snakes doing, ... Thus, the predator may choose to avoid lizards in good condition that are likely to outrun them and choose instead to pursue ... They come in all shapes, sizes, and colors, and also vary widely in many aspects of their behavior, such as how they reproduce ...
Health Behavior and Policy Review. 5 (4): 30-38. doi:10.14485/HBPR.5.4.4. ISSN 2326-4403. Fang, Kevin; Handy, Susan (February ... Different parts of the Penny board structure are available in a variety of colours and designs, which can be chosen by the ... Health Behavior and Policy Review. 5 (4): 30-38. doi:10.14485/HBPR.5.4.4. ISSN 2326-4403. Brooke, Michael (1999). The Concrete ... "Penny vs Nickel Board: Reviews, Tips & Video". www.longboardingguide.com. Retrieved 12 July 2019. "Penny Skateboards". Penny ...
"Effect of tuned parameters on an LSA multiple choice questions answering model" (PDF). Behavior Research Methods. 41 (4): 1201- ... SIAM Review 37:4 (1995), pp. 573-595. Dumais, S., Latent Semantic Analysis, ARIST Review of Information Science and Technology ... The behavior results in the vector representation being an average of all the word's different meanings in the corpus, which ... Annual Review of Information Science and Technology. 38: 188-230. doi:10.1002/aris.1440380105. "The Latent Semantic Indexing ...
Greater engagement in healthy behaviors, result in positive patient health outcomes such as improved quality of life. Choices ... Research in Organizational Behavior. 19: 151-188. Bono, J. E.; Judge, T. A. (2003). "Core self-evaluations: A review of the ... Betz, Nancy E.; Hackett, Gail (1986). "Applications of Self-Efficacy Theory to Understanding Career Choice Behavior". Journal ... the role of self-efficacy as a potent influence on health behavior and self-care has come under review. According to ...
As part of his review, McCaffrey named the game as "Editor's Choice". At the National Academy of Video Game Trade Reviewers ... Poor AI behavior was also a recurring criticism. The Xbox version was praised for its performance and graphics despite several ... No matter what choices Alex has made up to now, they can choose to side with any faction, or kill all the leaders on Liberty ... The locations were chosen for their distinct feel and-in some cases-iconic landmarks. They also chose locations associated at ...
This may be a result of a lifestyle choice, due to hunger or famine, as part of a diet or as religious fasting. ... McKenna, R. J. (1972). "Some Effects of Anxiety Level and Food Cues on the Eating Behavior of Obese and Normal Subjects: A ... Paton, D. C.; Collins, B. G. (1 April 1989). "Bills and tongues of nectar-feeding birds: A review of morphology, function, and ... Carlson, Neil (2010). Physiology of Behavior. Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon. pp. 412-426.. ...
"THEM Anime Reviews. Retrieved January 22, 2007.. *^ a b c d e Shelton, Andrew (2004). "Maria-sama ga miteru". Anime Meta-Review ... The musical choices of the Maria-sama ga Miteru anime adaptations are generally classical music-inspired.[7][8] The Christian ... There is an implicit code of behavior between sœurs, especially in the Yamayuri Council-the student council of the school: ... "THEM Anime Reviews. Retrieved March 23, 2008.. *^ Høgset, Stig (2007). "Otome wa Boku ni Koishiteru". THEM Anime Reviews. ...
Urbain chose the names neoytterbium (Latin for "new ytterbium") for ytterbium and lutecium (from Latin Lutetia, for Paris) for ... However, different behavior is observed in other d-block groups, especially in group 4, in which zirconium, hafnium and ... Russian Chemical Reviews. 61 (10): 990-998. Bibcode:1992RuCRv..61..990M. doi:10.1070/RC1992v061n10ABEH001011.. ... While the choice of lutetium would be in accordance with the trend for period 6 transition metals to behave more similarly to ...
Dilworth, Jonathan R.; Pascu, Sofia I. (2018). "The chemistry of PET imaging with zirconium-89". Chemical Society Reviews. 47 ( ... If the biologically active tracer molecule chosen for PET is fludeoxyglucose (FDG), an analogue of glucose, the concentrations ... Carlson, Neil (January 22, 2012). Physiology of Behavior. Methods and Strategies of Research. 11th edition. Pearson. p. 151. ... Laruelle, M (2000). "Imaging Synaptic Neurotransmission with in Vivo Binding Competition Techniques: A Critical Review". ...
"Clinical Microbiology Reviews (Review). 22 (4): 552-63. doi:10.1128/CMR.00027-09. PMC 2772359. PMID 19822888.. ... animal behavior and other factors may trigger outbreaks among animal populations.[82] ... "In Liberia's Ebola-Stricken Villages, Residents Face 'Stark' Choices". Common Dreams. Archived from the original on 20 August ... "Review of Close, William T., Ebola: A Documentary Novel of Its First Explosion. Archived from the original on 21 October 2014. ...
The predation-avoidance behavior of sleeping with one eye open, allowing one brain hemisphere to remain aware while the other ... The mallard is omnivorous and very flexible in its choice of food.[61] Its diet may vary based on several factors, including ... Rhymer, Judith M.; Simberloff, Daniel (1996). "Extinction by hybridization and introgression". Annual Review of Ecology and ...
"The Predatory Behavior and Ecology of Wild Chimpanzees".. *^ Milton, Katharine (1999). "A hypothesis to explain the role of ... Richards, MP (December 2002). "A brief review of the archaeological evidence for Palaeolithic and Neolithic subsistence". Eur J ... Evidence shows these early hominins intentionally selected raw materials with good flaking qualities and chose appropriate ... "When Did "Modern" Behavior Emerge in Humans?". National Geographic News. Retrieved 2008-02-05.. ...
"Microbiological Reviews. 58 (4): 700-54. PMC 372988. PMID 7854253.. *^ Wakasugi T, Sugita M, Tsudzuki T, Sugiura M (1998). " ... Shaw J, Lickey EB, Schilling EE, Small RL (March 2007). "Comparison of whole chloroplast genome sequences to choose noncoding ... There isn't a lot of direct evidence for this behavior though.[38] ... Soll J, Schleiff E (March 2004). "Protein import into chloroplasts". Nature Reviews. Molecular Cell Biology. 5 (3): 198-208. ...
Basak SA, Zaenglein AL (November 2013). "Acne and its management". Pediatrics in Review (Review). 34 (11): 479-97. doi:10.1542/ ... It is generally not a first-line choice due to its higher cost and a lack of clear superiority over other antibiotics.[1][15] ... Well D (October 2013). "Acne vulgaris: A review of causes and treatment options". The Nurse Practitioner (Review). 38 (10): 22- ... "The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (Systematic Review & Meta-Analysis). 4: CD011946. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD011946. ...
"The Gay & Lesbian Review Worldwide. 18 (4): 18.. *^ Judd, Amy (April 29, 2014). "Vancouver Park Board votes to install gender- ... Others argued for complete space separation citing the pressure on women to engage in sexual behavior to keep their jobs.[1]: ... Transgender people often face harassment based on their choice in public toilets regardless of whether they use the toilet room ... The central government has allowed transgender persons to use the toilets of their choice in public and community toilets. ...
Cutler C, Antin JH (2001). "Peripheral blood stem cells for allogeneic transplantation: a review". Stem Cells. 19 (2): 108-17. ... Post-HSCT oral cancer may have more aggressive behavior with poorer prognosis, when compared to oral cancer in non-HSCT ... Bone marrow transplant - How it is performed on NHS Choices. *HCT-CI (Sorror et al. 2005) online calculator ... "A systematic review of viral infections associated with oral involvement in cancer patients: a spotlight on Herpesviridea" ...
... an estimate of the probability that a randomly chosen subject from population B has a higher weight than a randomly chosen ... Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society. 82 (4): 591-605. doi:10.1111/j.1469-185X.2007.00027.x. PMID 17944619 ... Animal Behavior Processes. 2: 285-302. doi:10.1037/0097-7403.2.4.285.. ... where X and Y are randomly chosen observations from the two distributions. Both extreme values represent complete separation of ...
e-Review of Tourism Research (eRTR), Vol. 4, No.3, 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-06. Retrieved 2009-05-06. ... Which of the various techniques an angler may choose is dictated mainly by the target species and by its habitat. Angling can ... Scottish scientists at the University of Edinburgh performing research on rainbow trout concluded that fish exhibit behaviors ... Published in Reviews in Fisheries Science, Volume 15, Issue 1 & 2 January 2007, pages 75 - 167 Authors: Robert Arlinghaus; ...
"Reviews of Infectious Diseases. 11 Suppl 6: S1482-6. doi:10.1093/clinids/11.Supplement_6.S1482. PMID 2682960. S2CID 3862308.. ... Panic attacks and anxiety can occur; also, delusional behavior may be seen, including somatoform delusions, sometimes ... oral administration of doxycycline is widely recommended as the first choice, as it is effective against not only Borrelia ... "Clinical Microbiology Reviews. 18 (3): 484-509. doi:10.1128/CMR.18.3.484-509.2005. PMC 1195970. PMID 16020686.. ...
Posadzki P, Ernst E (2011). "Spinal manipulation: an update of a systematic review of systematic reviews". N Z Med J. 124 (1340 ... "NHS Choices. 20 August 2014. Retrieved 19 September 2016.. *^ a b Swanson ES (2015). "Pseudoscience". Science and Society: ... changing risky/unhealthy behaviors, nutritional/dietary recommendations, relaxation/stress reduction recommendations, ice pack/ ... "A systematic review of systematic reviews of spinal manipulation". J R Soc Med. 99 (4): 192-96. doi:10.1258/jrsm.99.4.192. PMC ...
A 1979 review by Evon Z. Vogt and Ray Hyman examined many controlled studies of dowsing for water, and found that none of them ... Hazel twigs in Europe and witch-hazel in the United States are traditionally commonly chosen, as are branches from willow or ... which entails involuntary and unconscious motor behavior." ... A 2006 study of grave dowsing in Iowa reviewed 14 published ... if they only afterward chose the statistical analysis that showed the greatest success, then their conclusions would not be ...
Patton, I. Jocelyn; Waldbauer, L. J. (1926). "The Radioactivity of the Alkali Metals". Chemical Reviews. 3: 81-93. doi:10.1021/ ... Recent research has suggested that the explosive behavior of alkali metals in water is driven by a Coulomb explosion rather ... Thus none of the three placements are entirely satisfactory, although group 1 is the most common placement (if one is chosen) ... Tokareva, S. A. (1971). "Alkali and Alkaline Earth Metal Ozonides". Russian Chemical Reviews. 40 (2): 165-174. Bibcode: ...
Developmental Review, 19, 319-368. *^ Case, R. (1992). The role of central conceptual structures in the development of ... In the stages beyond formal, more complex behaviors characterize multiple system models.[citation needed] ... Reaction time to situations where one must choose between two or more alternatives is one measure of control of processing. ... The interaction between the two levels of mind ensures flexibility of behavior, because the self-oriented level provides the ...
Kim, Yoon-Ho; R. Yu; S.P. Kulik; Y.H. Shih; Marlan Scully (2000). "A Delayed "Choice" Quantum Eraser". Physical Review Letters ... thus changing the transfer function and behavior of the circuit itself. Even a more passive device such as a current clamp, ... See also: Quantum decoherence and Delayed choice quantum eraser. The uncertainty principle has been frequently confused with ... Physical Review A, 67 (4): 042105, arXiv:quant-ph/0207121 , Bibcode:2003PhRvA..67d2105O, doi:10.1103/PhysRevA.67.042105. ...
This article needs more medical references for verification or relies too heavily on primary sources. Please review the ... When by choice, the rate of consanguinity is highly dependent on religion and culture.[65] In the Western world some Anabaptist ... "ADVS 3910 Wild Horses Behavior", College of Agriculture, Utah State University. *^ Freilich S, Hoelzel AR, Choudhury SR. " ... The continuity of inbreeding is often either by choice or unavoidably due to the limitations of the geographical area. ...
"Northwestern University Law Review. 106: 181. Retrieved 21 November 2019.. (Quoting Fed. R. Civ. P. 23(b)(3) (emphasis added)). ... Third, class-action cases may be brought to purposely change behavior of a class of which the defendant is a member. Landeros v ... except for those who choose to opt out (if the rules permit them to do so). ... Tulane Law Review. 82: 2225-2331. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-04-26. Retrieved 2011-12-12.. ...
2012). "Oxidation Behavior of ZrB2-SiC-TaC Ceramics". Journal of the American Ceramic Society.. ... 2011). "Synthesis and consolidation of zirconium diboride: review". Advances in Applied Ceramics. 110 (6): 321-334. doi:10.1179 ... Compacts are prepared by uniaxial die compaction, and then the compacts are fired at chosen temperatures in a controlled ...
Are behaviors, judgments, and other higher mental processes the product of free conscious choices, as influenced by internal ... Psychological Review. 107. *Schopenhauer, Arthur (1839). On the Freedom of the Will., Oxford: Basil Blackwell ISBN 0-631-14552- ... the position holding that all behavior is caused by prior behavior. "Predeterminism" is the position holding that all behavior ... A typical choice was not separately ordained to be so-and-so by God; St. Thomas says the choice is not necessary, but in fact ...
This threshold was chosen to replicate the behavior of the detector during its previous ATM-based phases.[10] ... "Search for proton decay via p → νKþ using 260 kiloton · year data of Super-Kamiokande". Physical Review D. 90 (7): 072005. 14 ... 1998). "Evidence for oscillation of atmospheric neutrinos". Physical Review Letters. 81 (8): 1562-1567. arXiv:hep-ex/9807003. ... 6 April 1987), "Observation of a neutrino burst from the supernova SN1987A", Physical Review Letters, 58 (14): 1490-1493, ...
... overt behaviors like wandering and restlessness, reductions in agitated behaviors, and improvements to cognitive defects, ... "The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 1: CD006787. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD006787.pub3. PMC 6464962. PMID 28103638.. ... The choice of music is carefully selected for the client based on their musical preferences and the goals of the session. The ... "The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 5: CD004025. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD004025.pub4. PMC 6481900. PMID 28553702.. ...
This theory consists of three subcategories: risky choice framing, attribute framing and goal framing.[7] Risky choice framing ... Yin, Xu; Jin-Song, Huang (2014). "Effects Of Price Discounts And Bonus Packs On Online Impulse Buying". Social Behavior & ... Researchers Farhangmehr and Brito, reviewed the definitions of sales promotions in marketing texts and journals and identified ... Although there are aspects that can determine a consumer's shopping behavior, there are many outside factors that can influence ...
... that morality is derived from our ability to choose in reality; the ability to choose being derived from human freedom; ... Amazon Review of: 'The Bolivian Diary: Authorized Edition'. Amazon.com. ISBN 1920888241.. ... In his essay "Paris under the Occupation", Sartre wrote that the "correct" behavior of the Germans had entrapped too many ... It was from there that he helped establish a quarterly literary and political review, Les Temps modernes (Modern Times), in ...
"Mating Behavior in Australopithecus and Early Homo: A Review of the Diagnostic Potential of Dental Dimorphism". University of ... Peuch, P.-F. (1984). "Acidic-Food Choice in Homo habilis at Olduvai". Current Anthropology. 25 (3): 349-350. doi:10.1086/203146 ... Ungar, P. S.; Grine, F. E. (2006). "Diet in Early Homo: A Review of the Evidence and a New Model of Adaptive Versatility". ... Marchi, D.; Harper, C. M.; Chirchir, H.; Ruff, C. B. (2019). "Relative fibular strength and locomotor behavior in KNM-WT 15000 ...
Finally, a behavior's stability in animal culture depends on the context in which they learn a behavior. If a behavior has ... Gee, J.; Green, J (1998). "Discourse analysis, learning and social practice: A methodological study". Review of Research in ... monkey make a mistake before making the right choice.[17] Heyes (1993) distinguished imitation and non-imitative social ... To count acquired behavior as cultural, two conditions need must be met: the behavior must spread in a social group, and that ...
Thermodynamics describes the bulk behavior of the body, not the microscopic behaviors of the very large numbers of its ... The material of choice of a given era is often a defining point. Phrases such as Stone Age, Bronze Age, Iron Age, and Steel Age ... Physical Review Letters. 84 (18): 4184-7. Bibcode:2000PhRvL..84.4184S. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.84.4184. PMID 10990641. Archived ... The behavior of these microscopic particles is described by, and the laws of thermodynamics are derived from, statistical ...
The main advantage of the models presented in this review is that they have been grounded in detailed quantitative predictions ... Citation: Noorani I (2014) LATER models of neural decision behavior in choice tasks. Front. Integr. Neurosci. 8:67. doi: ... LATER models of neural decision behavior in choice tasks. Imran Noorani*. *Department of Neurosurgery, Wessex Neurological ... and the final choice out of a number of options occurs when the decision signal for this choice reaches threshold before the ...
Editors choice - Colour blindness test gets submerged. John Endler and team have come up with a new way to test animal colour ... Review - Polarisation signals: a new currency for communication?. Recent evidence shows animals use polarised light, as well as ... Justin Marshall and team review this new area in animal vision and ecology. ... AQUATIC PREY TRANSPORT AND THE COMPARATIVE KINEMATICS OF AMBYSTOMA TIGRINUM FEEDING BEHAVIORS ...
... best-practice information relevant to service delivery in behavior analysis. The range of contents includes ... ... and critical reviews of books and products that are aimed at practitioners or consumers of behavior analysis. Behavior Analysis ... Minimizing Escalation by Treating Dangerous Problem Behavior Within an Enhanced Choice Model Authors (first, second and last of ... Association for Behavior Analysis International More about the Association for Behavior Analysis International (ABAI). ...
New York Times Book Review. Quietly magnificent.. The Atlantic. 2019-02-04. A lively addition to the literature on the " ... 4 Genes, People, And Behavior 127. 5 Human Beings And Choice 163 ... The Accidental Homo Sapiens: Genetics, Behavior, and Free Will ... Editorial Reviews. 01/31/2019. The central question addressed in this thoughtful but overly complex book is "What sets humans ... affecting our behavior, biology, and society. Now we must figure out how to function in the world weve created.Over thousands ...
However, a review of contemporary nursing literature suggests that it is becoming a popular choice among nurs … ... However, a review of contemporary nursing literature suggests that it is becoming a popular choice among nurse researchers. ... Choice Behavior * Decision Making * Delphi Technique* * Humans * Judgment * Nursing Research / education * Nursing Research / ...
... and performance-contingent rewards significantly undermined free-choice intrinsic motivation (d = -0.40, -0.36, and -0.28, ... Positive feedback enhanced both free-choice behavior (d = 0.33) and self-reported interest (d = 0.31). Tangible rewards tended ... A meta-analytic review of experiments examining the effects of extrinsic rewards on intrinsic motivation Psychol Bull. 1999 Nov ... The authors review 4 previous meta-analyses of this literature and detail how this studys methods, analyses, and results ...
6. Schedules of Reinforcement and Choice Behavior. 7. Reinforcement: Theories and Experimental Analysis. 8. Stimulus Control of ... Editorial Reviews. New edition of an introduction to contemporary issues in the field. Focusing on animal learning, Domjan ( ... The Principles of Learning and Behavior / Edition 3. by Michael P. Domjan, Barbara BurkhardMichael P. Domjan ... He served as editor of the Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes for six years and continues to serve ...
Review of WIC Food Packages: Improving Balance and Choice: Final Report (2017) Chapter: Appendix D: Details of the Committees ... The low-income search was then combined with search terms relating to culture or race/ethnicity and diet or feeding behavior ( ... Review of WIC Food Packages: Improving Balance and Choice: Final Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: ... Review of WIC Food Packages: Improving Balance and Choice: Final Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: ...
Recommended." (Choice Reviews, October 2008). "The editors should be congratulated … [this book] should provide excellent value ... Reviews. "This is a fascinating volume that provides a significant contribution to the literature on parasitoid insects. It ... Written by a team of leading international specialists, Behavioral Ecology of Insect Parasitoids examines the optimal behaviors ... Reviews topical issues, including cutting edge research on parasitoid decision making and the implications for biological ...
Recommended." (Choice Reviews, October 2008). ""The editors should be congratulated … [this book] should provide excellent ... Written by a team of leading international specialists, Behavioral Ecology of Insect Parasitoids examines the optimal behaviors ... Reviews topical issues, including cutting edge research on parasitoid decision making and the implications for biological ... Reviews topical issues, including cutting edge research on parasitoid decision making and the implications for biological ...
Simon, H. A. (1990). Invariants of human behavior. Annual Reviews in Psychology, 41(1), 1-20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar ... Simon, H. A. (1956). Rational choice and the structure of the environment. Psychological Review, 63(2), 129-138.CrossRefGoogle ... Herrnstein, R. J. (1991). Experiments on stable suboptimality in individual behavior. The American Economic Review, 81(2), 360- ... Psychological Review, 120(1), 139-154. doi: 10.1037/a0030850.CrossRefGoogle Scholar ...
Tolman, E. C. (1938). The determiners of behavior at a choice point. Psychological Review 45, 1-41. ... Psychological Review 38, 487-506.. -- (1943). Principles of behavior: An introduction to behavior theory. New York: Appleton- ... 1951). Essentials of behavior. New Haven: Yale University Press.. -- (1952). A behavior system: An introduction to behavior ... Amsel, A., and Rashotte, M. E. (1984). Mechanisms of adaptive behavior: Clark L. Hulls theoretical papers with commentary. New ...
The Animal Behavior chapter of this High School Biology Help and Review course is the simplest way to master animal activities ... Transferring credit to the school of your choice. Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of ... Students will review:. This chapter helps students review the concepts in an animal behavior unit of a standard high school ... The Animal Behavior chapter of this High School Biology Help and Review course is the simplest way to master animal activities ...
b. Choices- restitution for behavior. 8.2.1. assumes ownership of actions / changes behavior. 8.3. c. Treat all people with ... 8.4.1. Review and revise as necessary. 9. IX. Philosophical Examples. 9.1. a. Dr. Todd Whittaker- PRINCIPAL EFFECTIVENESS. 9.1. ...
... dinamic behavior of simulation models); The-series models (smoothing and extrapolation of timer series; properties of ... models of quantitative choice); Multi-equation simulation models (simultaneous-equation estimation; introduction to simulation ... a review; two-variable regression model; multiple regression model; using the multiple regression model; serial correlation and ... He is currently co-editor of the "International Review of Law and Economics," and has served as Associate Dean and Chair of the ...
... a review - Volume 15 Issue 2 - J Pollard, S. F. L Kirk, J. E Cade ... Factors affecting food choice in relation to fruit and ... Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes 50, 179-211.. Anderson, AS & Cox, D (2000) Five a day - challenges and ... Factors affecting food choice in relation to fruit and vegetable intake: a review. * J Pollard (a1), S. F. L Kirk (a1) and J. E ... The present review provides an investigation into the food choice decisions made by individuals in relation to fruit and ...
Heterogeneity in risky choice behavior in a broad population. American Economic Review, 101, 664-694.CrossRefGoogle Scholar ... Dow, J., Ribeiro, S., & da Costa Werlang, S. R. (1992). Uncertainty aversion, risk aversion and the optimal choice of portfolio ... Ahn, D., Choi, S., Gale, D., & Kariv, S. (2014). Estimating ambiguity aversion in a portfolio choice experiment. Quantitative ... Choi, S., Gale, D., Fisman, R., & Kariv, S. (2007). Consistency and heterogeneity of individual behavior under uncertainty. ...
Standard Law Review.. Thaler, R. (1980). Toward a positive theory of consumer choice. Journal of Economic Behavior and ... Psychological Review, 293-3l5.. Tversky, A., & Kahneman, D. (1986). Rational choice and the framing of decisions. Journal of ... The choice of venue turned out to be important; the identical paper, published in Psychological Review, would likely have had ... When experimental participants are exposed to the two episodes, then given a choice of which to repeat, most choose the longer ...
2009) Metacognition in animals: How do we know that they know? Comparative Cognition and Behavior Reviews 4:29-39. ... Here we show that honey bees (Apis mellifera) can adaptively alter their behavior in a choice test in response to trial ... Free-flying bees were rewarded for a correct choice, punished for an incorrect choice, or could avoid choosing by exiting the ... significantly altered their choice behavior in response to variation in task difficulty. Bees showed: (i) greater likelihood of ...
Close relationships and HIV risk behavior: evidence and possible underlying psychological processes. Gen Psychology Rev 1997;1: ... In this narrative review we provide information on current trends and recent changes in Canadians choices of contraceptive ... We have reviewed evidence concerning Canadians contraceptive choices, the characteristics and controversies associated with ... Contraception in Canada: a review of method choices, characteristics, adherence and approaches to counselling. William A. ...
Human Behavior Cognition Using Smartphone Sensors. Choose your preferred view mode. Please select whether you prefer to view ... Synthetic and Bio-Artificial Tactile Sensing: A Review. Previous Article in Journal. ...
... review volumes, conference proceedings, scholarly journals and videotapes. These examine important topics in molecular biology ... SOCIAL BEHAVIOR. 6. Foundations of Social Behavior. 7. Species Recognition, Mate Choice, and Sexual Selection. 8. Social ... 1. Questions in Animal Behavior. 2. Function and Evolution of Behavior. 3. Mechanism and Acquisition of Behavior. THE SEARCH ... In light of these questions, the authors first review some of the basic concepts of ultimate and proximate aspects of behavior ...
Health Care Management Review (HCMR) addresses the full range of challenges and concerns that busy health care executives face ... Consumer Empowerment Behavior and Hospital Choice Hui-Ching Weng * Buy Downsizing in the Nursing Home Industry Nicholas G. ... Health Care Management Review. July/September 2006 Volume : 31 Issue Number : 3 ...
She has no choice in the matter. She is no longer free. Jethro Hawk receives Nila as an inheritance present on his 29th ... This book did not promote that behavior. The Perry treated Kat as as a true slave and the sex was akin to rape. Kat did not ... have a choice to be there. There were times when either of the two main female charaters would have used a safe word but that ...
... electric vehicle charging behavior; charging and parking choices of electric vehicle drivers; electric vehicle fast charger ... Reviews. User-contributed reviews Add a review and share your thoughts with other readers. Be the first. ... electric vehicle charging behavior; charging and parking choices of electric vehicle drivers; electric vehicle fast charger ... electric vehicle charging behavior; charging and parking choices of electric vehicle drivers; electric vehicle fast charger ...
Instructors have used or reviewed this title for the following courses. *Public Opinion and Voting Behavior` ... 6. Political information and vote choice. 7. The political perceptions of citizens. 8. Conclusion. ... See more reviews Customer reviews. Not yet reviewed. Be the first to review ... Reviews & endorsements. "In Ideology and Spatial Voting in American Elections Professor Stephen Jessee develops an innovative ...
2005 for review). The present work provides novel behavioral evidence that measures of preference, such as purchasing behavior ... the model suggests specific neurological explanations for individual differences observed in choice and valuation behaviors. ... Previous studies focused on the molecular/neuronal substrates of a variety of complex behaviors, such as parental behavior and ... The Review and by Eurocontrol Page, Left Intentionaly, Atle Kristiansen, Noracon C, T Leader, Francois Delille Thales ...
Annual Review of Nutrition 19(1): 41-62.. Birch LL, Fisher JO. 1998. Development of eating behaviors among children and ... Economic Considerations Associated with Food Choice Behavior. Economic considerations may also influence consumer food choice ... Among the many theories used to explain both food choice behavior (and its subsequent impact on health) and behavior change ( ... Who we are and how we eat: A qualitative study of identities in food choice. Journal of Nutrition and Education Behavior 34(3): ...
Common Sense Media provides reviews and age ratings of movies and other media based on age appropriateness and learning ... Positive models and messages: Media that models positive behavior is always a great choice. But children this age have a hard ... EdTech Reviews*. Teachers: Find the best edtech tools for your classroom with in-depth expert reviews ... Risky and unhealthy behavior: Characters should model healthy, safe behavior, such as wearing bike helmets and seat belts. ...
Literature review around software installation process, potential names, etc. *Looked at software choice/behavior where do they ... "Software Evaluation and Choice: Predictive Validation of the Technology Accep- tance Instrument," MIS Quarterly (18:3), ... Review of wireframes *. Nielsen Heuristics (full descriptions -, http://www.useit.com/papers/heuristic/heuristic_list.html ) * ...
  • He served as editor of the Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes for six years and continues to serve on editorial boards of various journals in the United States and other countries. (barnesandnoble.com)
  • The Animal Behavior chapter of this High School Biology Help and Review course is the simplest way to master animal activities. (study.com)
  • This chapter uses simple and fun videos that are about five minutes long, plus lesson quizzes and a chapter exam to ensure students learn the essentials of animal behavior. (study.com)
  • Verify you're ready by completing the animal behavior chapter exam. (study.com)
  • Use the animal behavior chapter exam to be prepared. (study.com)
  • Ask our subject-matter experts any animal behavior question. (study.com)
  • This chapter helps students review the concepts in an animal behavior unit of a standard high school biology course. (study.com)
  • The study of animal behavior is one of the most integrative endeavors in biology it encompasses how the behavior is acquired, how it works, why it has come to work as it does, and how it influences the behaving animal and the animals around it. (cshlpress.com)
  • In Animal Behavior: An Integrative Approach, Michael J. Ryan and Walter Wilczynski address the interrelationship of these aspects of animal behavior, which Nikolaas Tinbergen codified in his four questions as causation, ontogeny, survival value, and evolution. (cshlpress.com)
  • The authors integrate information from molecular genomics through neuroscience, endocrinology, development, and learning to evolutionary genetics, selection, constraints, and phylogenetics to provide a concise but comprehensive look at current topics in animal behavior. (cshlpress.com)
  • This book provides a well-thought-out and integrated introduction to the complexity of animal behavior that should appeal to advanced undergraduates, graduate students, and professional scientists in other fields in need of a succinct review of the field. (cshlpress.com)
  • provide a fascinating, well-written introduction to the field of animal behavior. (cshlpress.com)
  • A valuable resource for advanced students as well as biologists and psychologists desiring an introduction to animal behavior. (cshlpress.com)
  • The results obtained allow us to hypothesize that the reflexive metaphor represents a general principle for regulation of both human and animal behavior. (cogprints.org)
  • Preferences for biodiversity offset contracts on arable land: a choice experiment study with farmers 2018-09-01 00:00:00 Abstract Biodiversity offsetting (BO) is aimed at achieving no net loss of biodiversity in the context of economic development. (deepdyve.com)
  • Anja Schanbacher, David Faro, Simona Botti, and Shlomo Benartzi (2018) ,'The Psychological Impact of Annuities: Can Pension Payout Choice Influence Health Behavior? (acrwebsite.org)
  • . Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes , 140, 1-13. (duke.edu)
  • . Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior , 3(1), 441-467. (duke.edu)
  • . Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes , 130, 26-43. (duke.edu)
  • . Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes , 117(1), 53-65. (duke.edu)
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes , 50 , 179-211. (springer.com)
  • MGMT 360H Organizational Behavior Instructor: Marie S. Mitchell. (slideserve.com)
  • Organizational Behavior Defined. (slideserve.com)
  • Professor Pindyck's research and writing have covered a variety of topics in micro economics and industrial organization, including the effects of uncertainty on firm behavior and market structure, determinants of market power, the behavior of natural resource, commodity, and financial markets, and criteria for investment decisions. (google.com)
  • We conducted a scoping review to identify articles that described a and environmental determinants of obesity (4). (cdc.gov)
  • His major theoretical contributions came in his 1932 book, Purposive Behavior in Animals and Men , and in a series of papers in the Psychological Review including "The determinants of behavior at a choice point" (1938) and "Cognitive maps in rats and men" (1948), and "Principles of performance" (1955). (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Psychological Review , 111 (4), 1036-1060. (springer.com)
  • Psychological Review , 96 (4), 703-719. (springer.com)
  • Psychological Review , 50 (3), 255-272. (springer.com)
  • Psychological Review , 62 (3), 193-217. (springer.com)
  • However, a case has been made that the twenty-one theoretical articles he published in the Psychological Review between 1929 and 1950, the earliest of which introduced the Pavlovian construct the fractional anticipatory goal response (r G -s G ), represent at least as important a contribution to learning theory. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Psychological Review, 72, 407 (1965). (cogprints.org)
  • Individuals who appear to be more self-determined tend to persist longer at certain behaviors. (frontiersin.org)
  • Apparently, research on dopamine frames its importance in human behavior, because we are the known species with greater segregation of this chemical and therefore significantly defines certain behaviors. (netgalley.com)
  • Skip what you know, review what you don't. (study.com)
  • How do citizens' ideological positions and their partisanship influence their vote choices, and does the answer to this question depend on the citizen's level of political information? (cambridge.org)
  • A better understanding of the sociocultural, environmental, economic, and other individual factors that influence consumer choice is necessary for the design of effective consumer guidance, especially where the intent is to communicate balancing of benefits and risks associated with its consumption. (nap.edu)
  • Studies of food choice behavior have identified both individual and environmental factors that influence the complex process of decision making (Lutz et al. (nap.edu)
  • An interdisciplinary topic, food choice comprises psychological and sociological aspects (including food politics and phenomena such as vegetarianism or religious dietary laws ), economic issues (for instance, how food prices or marketing campaigns influence choice) and sensory aspects (such as the study of the organoleptic qualities of food). (wikipedia.org)
  • Many environmental cues influence food choice and intake, although consumers may not be aware of their effects (see mindless eating ). (wikipedia.org)
  • [8] Other factors that can influence mate choice include pathogen stress and the major histocompatibility complex (MHC). (wikipedia.org)
  • This is a direct influence on the professional path which I have chosen. (essaytown.com)
  • Objective To characterise the contributing factors that affect medical students' subspecialty choice and to estimate the extent of influence of individual factors on the students' decision-making process. (bmj.com)
  • Can Interpersonal Behavior Influence the Persistence and Adherence to Physical Exercise Practice in Adults? (frontiersin.org)
  • Are Your Choices Instinct or Influence? (mtv.com)
  • We have addressed the question of whether adolescent family structure may influence the paths of early initiators and found that intact families are generally the best at helping adolescents avoid most negative consequences of risky behaviors. (hhs.gov)
  • Other literature has examined how family structure may influence the choices made by these youths. (hhs.gov)
  • The Psychological Impact of Annuities: Can Pension Payout Choice Influence Health Behavior? (acrwebsite.org)
  • How do economic and social factors influence individuals' politics and choices? (anobii.com)
  • In addition, there was one comprehensive look at factors that influence specialty choice. (jabfm.org)
  • He is a parasitoid behavioral ecologist whose main center of interest is to enquire how individual behavior translates into population processes. (wiley.com)
  • The term Collective behavior refers to social processes and events which do not reflect existing social structure (laws, conventions, and institutions ), but which emerge in a "spontaneous" way. (wikibooks.org)
  • As the title of his major book (Purposive Behavior in Animals and Men) indicated, Edward Tolman wanted to use behavioral methods to gain an understanding of the mental processes of humans and other animals. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Importantly, such a strategy would improve population health without coercion or restrictive legislation, instead using the sub-conscious processes present in all individual choices to gain a favourable outcome. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Written by a team of leading international specialists, Behavioral Ecology of Insect Parasitoids examines the optimal behaviors that parasitoids exhibit in order to maximize long term offspring production. (wiley.com)
  • Social scientists have developed different conceptual frameworks of food choice behavior. (wikipedia.org)
  • JMIR-Citations for Are Health Behavior Change Interventions That Use Online Social Networks Effective? (jmir.org)
  • Works citing "Are Health Behavior Change Interventions That Use Online Social Networks Effective? (jmir.org)
  • Banbury A, Nancarrow S, Dart J, Gray L, Parkinson L. Telehealth Interventions Delivering Home-based Support Group Videoconferencing: Systematic Review. (jmir.org)
  • Exploring the Role of In-Person Components for Online Health Behavior Change Interventions: Can a Digital Person-to-Person Component Suffice? (jmir.org)
  • However, according to this review, interventions based on SDT appear to be fundamental when it comes to promote the maintenance of a long-term exercise practice. (frontiersin.org)
  • Health behavior interventions using periodic prompts have utilized technology, such as the Internet, that allows messages to be sent to participants in cost-effective ways. (jmir.org)
  • A systematic literature review was performed to investigate the effectiveness of limited contact interventions targeting weight loss, physical activity, and/or diet that provided periodic prompts regarding behavior change for health promotion. (jmir.org)
  • The review sought to identify specific characteristics of these interventions that may be associated with superior results. (jmir.org)
  • While there are several intensive interventions which have shown success in altering individuals' body-mass indices (BMI) as well as their nutritional choices, these are largely short-term successes [ 2 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • A Review of Research and Interventions. (hhs.gov)
  • Canadian Contraception Studies, 4 - 9 conducted in 1993, 1995, 1998 and 2002 with nationally representative samples of women, have provided information about Canadians' choices of contraceptive methods. (cmaj.ca)
  • Because similar survey questions and sampling approaches were used for every Canadian Contraception Study, 4 - 9 we are able to describe trends in the choice of contraceptive methods from 1993 to 2002 among Canadians aged 15-44 years. (cmaj.ca)
  • Use of oral contraceptives was steady during this period (27% in 1993, 28% in 2002) and remained the most commonly chosen method of reversible contraception. (cmaj.ca)
  • Thirty-six articles on family medicine specialty choice published since 1993 were reviewed and rated for quality. (jabfm.org)
  • 10 The conclusions of these 3 reviews, which included research published through 1993, serve as the starting point for this one, which critically reviews the literature published since 1993 on the choice of family medicine as a specialty. (jabfm.org)
  • This transnational journal provides science-based, best-practice information relevant to service delivery in behavior analysis. (springer.com)
  • Behavior Analysis in Practice is an official journal of the Association for Behavior Analysis International. (springer.com)
  • Updated to reflect the most recent AP Biology test, this set of 450 flash cards covers 20 general categories and includes introductory cards that describe the AP Biology exam and 50 multiple-choice question cards for added practice. (flinnsci.com)
  • Also includes introductory cards that describe the AP Biology exam and 50 multiple-choice question cards for added practice. (flinnsci.com)
  • To our knowledge, no comprehensive evidence review has been performed specifically to evaluate the effectiveness of communicating regular messages and to examine how characteristics of the prompts change the effectiveness of programs aimed at reminding people to adopt healthy behaviors, maintain those they already practice, and cease unhealthy behaviors. (jmir.org)
  • Beginning Too Soon: Adolescent Sexual Behavior, Pregnancy and Parenthood. (hhs.gov)
  • Female Reproductive Advertisement and Social Factors Affecting the Sexual Behavior of Captive Spider Monkeys, by R. Pastor-Nieto. (brown.edu)
  • For many reasons (the private aspect of sexual behavior, lack of strong theoretical models, lack of funding), however, it is difficult to gather data from large samples. (nature.com)
  • Professor Jessee presents provocative and nonobvious answers to these questions that greatly enhance our understanding of public opinion, political behavior, and mass-elite policy linkages. (cambridge.org)
  • What makes this volume especially appealing is that it deftly incorporates insights from the spatial modeling and political behavior fields to build a theory of voter decision making that surpasses prior efforts in both areas. (cambridge.org)
  • This book will quickly become a 'must cite' for scholars working in the fields of spatial theory, political behavior, public opinion, campaigns and elections, and citizen competence. (cambridge.org)
  • In this new edition, Flanigan and Zingale continue their outstanding analytical overview of the political behavior of the American voter. (anobii.com)
  • The 2004 elections demonstrated, once again, the capacity of the electorate to surprise and confound politica In this new edition, Flanigan and Zingale continue their outstanding analytical overview of the political behavior of the American voter. (anobii.com)
  • Incorporating the results of the 2004 presidential and congressional races, the authors continue to ask questions that get at the core of voters' political behavior and present their findings and analysis within historical context: Who votes and why? (anobii.com)
  • How does partisanship affect political behavior? (anobii.com)
  • Utilizing the best time-series data available, Flanigan and Zingale reliably provide students with a rich, broad survey of elections and the changes that have occurred in American political behavior over the past 50 years. (anobii.com)
  • Today Hull is best remembered for one theoretical publication on learning theory, Principles of Behavior (1943). (encyclopedia.com)
  • Theoretical models of behavior incorporate both individual and environmental factors affecting the formation or modification of behaviors. (wikipedia.org)
  • Future research would be especially valuable if it improves understanding of the most effective types of periodic prompts for fostering long-term behavior change in order to maximize use of this tool in limited contact health promotion programs. (jmir.org)
  • When uncertain, humans will often defer choosing and seek more information rather than risk the consequences of a wrong choice. (pnas.org)
  • A compelling and comprehensive synthesis of what is known (and not known) about the evolutionary basis for complex behaviors in humans and other species. (princeton.edu)
  • There are two research design methods to analyze consumer behavior which are the primary and secondary research methods (Perner, 2010). (bartleby.com)
  • Such an accumulator model approach to neural decision-making has been applied to many important features of decision behavior, yet there is still much to be explained. (frontiersin.org)
  • Recreation decision behavior is characterized as a nested or sequential choice process. (usda.gov)
  • The strength of this modeling approach lies in its detailed, quantitative predictions of behavior, yet LATER models still retain their conceptual simplicity that made LATER initially successful in explaining reaction times in simple decision tasks. (frontiersin.org)
  • Conclusions This systematic review and meta-analysis provided a quantitative evaluation of the top 12 influencing factors associated with medical students' choice of subspecialty. (bmj.com)
  • The quantitative behavioral analysis, behavioral model, and neural model were utilized to understand the behavioral choice when two sensory inputs were applied simultaneously, and that in the acid avoidance behavior. (nii.ac.jp)
  • Domjan specializes in various areas of learning including animal learning, biological constraints on learning, learning mechanisms in reproductive behavior, and comparative psychology. (barnesandnoble.com)
  • Focusing on animal learning, Domjan (psychology, U. of Texas at Austin) covers habituation, classical conditioning, instrumental conditioning, and stimulus control, as well as their applications to the study of cognition and to the alleviation of behavior problems. (barnesandnoble.com)
  • Food choice is the subject of research in nutrition , food science , psychology , anthropology , sociology , and other branches of the natural and social sciences. (wikipedia.org)
  • Download 'Psychology / Behavior / Psychiatry' Term Papers 661-715 NOW! (essaytown.com)
  • Just as a scissors cannot cut paper without two blades, a theory of thinking and problem solving cannot predict behavior unless it encompasses both an analysis of the structure of task environments and an analysis of the limits of rational adaptation to task requirements. (springer.com)
  • Career intentions at entry to medical school predict specialty choice. (jabfm.org)
  • In order to understand the relationship between the nervous system and behavior of C.θ1θgans, we developed software to analyze the behavior. (nii.ac.jp)
  • Beginning with an historical reminiscence, this paper examines the peer review process as experienced by authors currently seeking publication of their research in a highly controversial area. (mdpi.com)
  • This study examines the relationship between the regulation of local government borrowing and free-rider behavior of Japanese municipalities. (springer.com)
  • It is preferable for an individual to choose a compatible mate of the same species, in order to maintain reproductive success. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, every science library must also have it for others with more general interests ranging from environmental contaminants to population dynamics to diseases and parasites to reproductive strategies, breeding behavior, and more. (routledge.com)
  • Despite the existence of numerous cross-sectional studies that demonstrate positive correlations between SDT and behavioral outcomes in the exercise context, longitudinal research that analyzes all six dimensions of interpersonal behaviors and their relationship with persistence and adherence to exercise proves to be crucial. (frontiersin.org)
  • Visit the High School Biology: Help and Review page to learn more. (study.com)
  • Although designed primarily as an Advanced Placement study tool, these flash cards are great review for all biology students. (flinnsci.com)
  • A very thorough review of the current state of the art human behavioral biology. (princeton.edu)
  • In other words, for approximately $1.50 more per day, it is possible to change unhealthy eating choices into healthy ones. (whfoods.com)
  • William J. Bell (1943-1998) was a revered entomologist specializing in insect physiology and behavior. (google.com)
  • Data from 100,000 people's ratings and shared photos of 500,000 meals suggests mobile apps could nudge us toward healthier food choices. (technologyreview.com)
  • 1 Yet economic models of individual choice are often silent about how people's cognitive machinery influences their decision making. (scielo.br)
  • How can rational choice theory help us understand our motivation and behavior? (anobii.com)
  • Biological constraints on learning are integrated throughout the text, as are applications boxes that relate animal research to human learning and behavior. (barnesandnoble.com)
  • After describing RTA's core components we illustrate its use in three case studies that examine human memory updating, multitasking behavior, and melioration. (springer.com)
  • Human decision-making strategies are strongly influenced by an awareness of certainty or uncertainty (a form of metacognition) to increase the chances of making a right choice. (pnas.org)
  • By adhering to the molar level of human behavior, Tolman argued that reductionism results in the loss of the purely psychological level, and explanations based on molecular components were not adequate. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • I submit this human behavior proof of what instinct is and does for each of us. (utah.gov)
  • Human Behaviors are governed by instinct, let me prove it to you? (utah.gov)
  • If we want to understand human behavior better: take this 1 question survey and share it with others. (utah.gov)
  • Reflexive Model of Human Behavior. (cogprints.org)
  • In Why Sex Matters , Bobbi Low ranges from ancient Rome to modern America, from the Amazon to the Arctic, and from single-celled organisms to international politics, to show that these and many other questions about human behavior largely come down to evolution and sex. (princeton.edu)
  • An excellent example of how evolutionary theory can be applied to human behavior without hyperbole. (princeton.edu)
  • There is no other single volume that covers the broad question of what evolution can tell us about human nature, human behavior, and culture. (princeton.edu)
  • This book provides a lively, fascinating discussion of how dopamine and other neurotransmitters affect human behavior. (netgalley.com)
  • I highly recommend this book for anyone interested in neuroscience and some of its applications in understanding relationships, politics, economics, addictions, creativity, and other aspects of human behavior. (netgalley.com)
  • PEER REVIEWED ents of worksite health promotion programs and their outcomes to further develop best practices that can improve worker health and Abstract promote physical activity. (cdc.gov)
  • Focusing on testing the assumptions and implications of spatial voting, this book connects the theory with empirical analysis of voter preferences and behavior, showing that Americans cast their ballots largely in accordance with spatial voting theory. (cambridge.org)
  • User agents that are designated as supporting the suggested default rendering must implement the rules in the rendering section that that section defines as the behavior that user agents are expected to implement. (w3.org)
  • Patterns found in that data show, among other things, that the healthiness of a person's food choices inexorably decreases as the day wears on , that a person's social network explains roughly a third of that person's food choices, and that users' healthiness scores correlate well with obesity rates in major U.S. cities . (technologyreview.com)
  • Other factors that have been linked to the volunteering behavior is a person's birth-order. (earthlink.net)
  • A case study of research into the events of 9/11 (11 September 2001) illustrates some of the problems in peer review arising from undue influences based on financial and political considerations. (mdpi.com)
  • As a result of the significant disruption that is being caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, we are very aware that many researchers will have difficulty in adhering to the normal timelines associated with many steps of the publication process, including peer review. (springer.com)
  • In addition, editorial review boards and peer review strategies would help to improve the ethics of peer review in general. (mdpi.com)
  • Design Systematic review and meta-analysis. (bmj.com)
  • This review discusses concepts and theories of substitution in recreation choice. (usda.gov)
  • Proceedings of Workshop on Multi-Reflexive Models of Agent Behavior, Los Alamos: Army Research Laboratory (1998). (cogprints.org)
  • También se revisaron los conceptos y prácticas de Robert Blake y Jane Mouton (The managerial grid III, Gulf - 1985) en relación con la postura que adopta el superior ante sus subordinados. (gestiopolis.com)
  • The question of how we choose one option over another has intrigued neuroscientists in the field of neural decision-making for many decades. (frontiersin.org)
  • Tolman viewed molar behavior as an act defining the proper level for psychological study, without regard to underlying molecular elements of neural, muscular, or glandular levels of study. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • We discuss whether this choice involves assessing degree of uncertainty (considered a definition of basic metacognition) or whether this task might be solved by associative mechanisms. (pnas.org)
  • Psychologists in this field, such as Ward Edwards, [13] Amos Tversky and Daniel Kahneman began to compare their cognitive models of decision-making under risk and uncertainty to economic models of rational behavior. (wikipedia.org)
  • Research into food choice investigates how people select the food they eat. (wikipedia.org)
  • He has published over 70 peer-reviewed articles in international journals, and has served as referee for research councils and for over 30 leading international journals. (southampton.ac.uk)
  • Physical Activity, Sedentary Behavior, and Diet-Related eHealth and mHealth Research: Bibliometric Analysis. (jmir.org)
  • His research has been covered on NPR, in The New York Times , The Wall Street Journal , The Washington Post, Scientific American, The Atlantic, The Globe and Mail, Science 2.0, Harvard Business Review (HBR.org) and many other regional news outlets. (bu.edu)
  • The editor and reviewers' affiliations are the latest provided on their Loop research profiles and may not reflect their situation at the time of review. (frontiersin.org)
  • If research can reveal a method to use these patterns to encourage people to tend towards healthier options rather than the short-term pleasurable choices, a novel and powerful strategy to fight obesity may be established. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Two-Alternative Choice: TAC) that are commonly used in olfactory research. (semanticscholar.org)
  • The author presents an experience-learning-action model to guide research and develop free-choice visitor learning. (redorbit.com)
  • I found little research that evaluated the on-site and longer term conservation intentions or behaviors of visitors that benefit marine wildlife and environments. (redorbit.com)
  • Students who believe primary care is important, have low income expectations, and do not plan a research career are more likely to choose family medicine. (jabfm.org)
  • As a result of the interest in ways to increase the numbers of physicians in primary care, a substantial body of research on specialty choice has developed. (jabfm.org)
  • A fourth, self-described, review by Reed 12 used an illustrative selection of studies and could therefore not draw conclusions about the comprehensive body of research. (jabfm.org)
  • The key indicator for visitors that I assessed is behavior or lifestyle change that benefits marine species. (redorbit.com)
  • The book covers habituation, classical conditioning, instrumental conditioning, stimulus control, aversive control, and their applications to the study of cognition and to the alleviation of behavior problems. (barnesandnoble.com)
  • Why Study Collective Behavior? (wikibooks.org)
  • Aside from the intrinsic interest of understanding why large groups of people behave the way they do, there are practical reasons why the study of collective behavior is important. (wikibooks.org)
  • This is the first study that provides a systematic estimate of the factors associated with medical students' subspecialty choices. (bmj.com)
  • Game theory is the study of the ways in which interacting choices of economic agents produce outcomes with respect to the preferences (or utilities ) of those agents, where the outcomes in question might have been intended by none of the agents. (stanford.edu)
  • We study the relationship between cognitive ability and risk aversion under real and hypothetical choice conditions. (scielo.br)
  • [2] [3] The study of behavioral economics includes how market decisions are made and the mechanisms that drive public choice . (wikipedia.org)
  • The objective of this study was to characterize the behavior of chlorine-exposed Lm on RTE ham during refrigerated storage. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Each of our ratings and reviews is based on important, fundamental child development principles. (commonsensemedia.org)
  • A bounded rationality interpretation is that individuals with higher cognitive ability can more easily compute expected value and variance of more complex risky prospects, which would enable them to make choices that more precisely reflect their preferences (see, e.g. (scielo.br)
  • The Long Term Impact of Adolescent Risky Behaviors and Family Environment. (hhs.gov)
  • We first examined the relationship between adolescent risky behaviors and long-term adult outcomes. (hhs.gov)
  • 20. An alternative question we could have posed would be whether family environment mitigates the impact of risky behaviors on adult outcomes for early initiators as compared with late initiators. (hhs.gov)
  • However, as before, we take as given the point at which youths initiate into a risky behavior. (hhs.gov)
  • Nudge Theory presents a new collection of methods, deemed "nudges", which have the potential for low-cost and broad application to guide healthier lifestyle choices without the need for restrictive regulation. (biomedcentral.com)
  • For example, Adam Smith wrote The Theory of Moral Sentiments , which proposed psychological explanations of individual behavior, including concerns about fairness and justice . (wikipedia.org)
  • The theory of planned behavior. (springer.com)
  • Although plausible, this interpretation is at odds with the existing evidence, for it comes from experiments with arguably simple choices involving binary lotteries. (scielo.br)
  • Volunteering behavior was examined by conducting an experiment to determine what would cause people to volunteer for experiments. (earthlink.net)
  • The authors contend that there exists a "choice architecture" which involves all of the outside forces that may subtly guide one's decisions in one direction or another. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The premise often involves a minor mistake, a poor choice of words, or a lapse in judgment. (medscape.com)
  • Findings from these surveys 8 , 9 also indicate that the majority of respondents currently using contraception were satisfied with their chosen method. (cmaj.ca)
  • These findings of the predominance of oral contraception, condoms and sterilization reflect the narrow range of contraceptive method choices made by Canadians. (cmaj.ca)
  • Here, we review these findings and discuss the implications for organizational settings. (psu.edu)
  • Table 1 presents the conclusions from these reviews as well as the findings from this review. (jabfm.org)
  • He is currently co-editor of the "International Review of Law and Economics," and has served as Associate Dean and Chair of the Jurisprudence and Social Policy Program at Berkeley from 1987-1990 and 1999-2000. (google.com)
  • Probabilistic social choice based on simple voting comparisons. (wikipedia.org)
  • Consistent probabilistic social choice. (wikipedia.org)
  • Laslier, J.-F. Interpretation of electoral mixed strategies Social Choice and Welfare 17: pages 283-292, 2000. (wikipedia.org)
  • Randomization in individual choice behavior. (google.de)
  • As forensic evaluators, we are often asked to review and assess the cognition of aging colleagues. (medscape.com)
  • The chapter then discusses reasons why consumer guidance may have weak or unintended impacts on consumer choice and what must be understood about the consumer decision-making context in order to design effective guidance. (nap.edu)
  • Reasons for Measuring Poverty in the United States in the Context of Public Policy - A Historical Review, 1916-1995. (hhs.gov)
  • The author reviews the education and conservation benefits of 18 marine wildlife experiences with dolphins, whales, and marine turtles by using (a) M. Orams's (1999) framework of indicators such as behavior or lifestyle changes in visitors and (b) 3 environmental indicators of conservation. (redorbit.com)
  • In this article, I use Orams's (1999) framework of indicators to manage marine tourism to review the conservation benefits of guided marine wildlife experiences. (redorbit.com)
  • Eric Gaynor Butterfield (Congreso de Desarrollo Organizacional, Argentina - 1999) hace mención a dos intervenciones de consultoría donde encuentra sustento al hecho que algunas personas tienen "en sus cabezas" una forma de liderar diferencial, y que la misma está relacionada con "la visión que tienen respecto de cómo opera una empresa" (más estructurada o menos estructurada). (gestiopolis.com)
  • In response to this, some economists have begun paying attention to how cognitive ability affects economic behavior. (scielo.br)
  • These studies focusing on the relationship between cognitive ability and attitudes towards risk have received more attention, possibly because this association has interesting policy implications: if cognitive ability affects risk-taking behavior and cognitive ability is shaped by schooling, then educational and training reforms could help improve individuals' saving and investment habits. (scielo.br)
  • Political ideology affects energy-efficiency attitudes and choices. (duke.edu)
  • In the three subsequent, more reader-friendly, chapters, the authors posit that while biological evolution has effectively ceased in Homo sapiens, it's been replaced, thanks to the ability to adjust behaviors, by cultural evolution, "a restless technological and intellectual probing of our cognitive limits, with old ideas and technologies going out of fashion and new ones being introduced at an increasing tempo. (barnesandnoble.com)
  • Mate choice is one of the primary mechanisms under which evolution can occur. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because two alternative mechanisms have been proposed to explain the same behavioral data, Morgan's Canon ( 16 ) cautions that when presented with two alternative explanations, we are obliged to choose the simpler of the two. (pnas.org)
  • Articles were included if periodic prompts were used as an intervention or a component of an intervention, a behavioral or biological outcome measure was used, and an ongoing health promotion behavior was targeted. (jmir.org)
  • the high temperature reduced behavioral consistency while Environmental change may nevertheless lead individuals to acclimation increased it, suggesting that consistency is im- relocate to another site, although such relocations can be en- paired by unfavorable environmental change. (deepdyve.com)