Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.
Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
The proportion of survivors in a group, e.g., of patients, studied and followed over a period, or the proportion of persons in a specified group alive at the beginning of a time interval who survive to the end of the interval. It is often studied using life table methods.
An infant during the first month after birth.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
A class of statistical procedures for estimating the survival function (function of time, starting with a population 100% well at a given time and providing the percentage of the population still well at later times). The survival analysis is then used for making inferences about the effects of treatments, prognostic factors, exposures, and other covariates on the function.
The period of confinement of a patient to a hospital or other health facility.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Methods which attempt to express in replicable terms the extent of the neoplasm in the patient.
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.
A nonparametric method of compiling LIFE TABLES or survival tables. It combines calculated probabilities of survival and estimates to allow for observations occurring beyond a measurement threshold, which are assumed to occur randomly. Time intervals are defined as ending each time an event occurs and are therefore unequal. (From Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1995)
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Hospitals maintained by a university for the teaching of medical students, postgraduate training programs, and clinical research.
The former British crown colony located off the southeast coast of China, comprised of Hong Kong Island, Kowloon Peninsula, and New Territories. The three sites were ceded to the British by the Chinese respectively in 1841, 1860, and 1898. Hong Kong reverted to China in July 1997. The name represents the Cantonese pronunciation of the Chinese xianggang, fragrant port, from xiang, perfume and gang, port or harbor, with reference to its currents sweetened by fresh water from a river west of it.
A repeat operation for the same condition in the same patient due to disease progression or recurrence, or as followup to failed previous surgery.
The local recurrence of a neoplasm following treatment. It arises from microscopic cells of the original neoplasm that have escaped therapeutic intervention and later become clinically visible at the original site.
The confinement of a patient in a hospital.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
A medical facility which provides a high degree of subspecialty expertise for patients from centers where they received SECONDARY CARE.
A country in western Europe bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, the English Channel, the Mediterranean Sea, and the countries of Belgium, Germany, Italy, Spain, Switzerland, the principalities of Andorra and Monaco, and by the duchy of Luxembourg. Its capital is Paris.
Recording of pertinent information concerning patient's illness or illnesses.
The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Hospitals engaged in educational and research programs, as well as providing medical care to the patients.
The treatment of a disease or condition by several different means simultaneously or sequentially. Chemoimmunotherapy, RADIOIMMUNOTHERAPY, chemoradiotherapy, cryochemotherapy, and SALVAGE THERAPY are seen most frequently, but their combinations with each other and surgery are also used.
Results of conception and ensuing pregnancy, including LIVE BIRTH; STILLBIRTH; SPONTANEOUS ABORTION; INDUCED ABORTION. The outcome may follow natural or artificial insemination or any of the various ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNIQUES, such as EMBRYO TRANSFER or FERTILIZATION IN VITRO.
Diseases of the domestic dog (Canis familiaris). This term does not include diseases of wild dogs, WOLVES; FOXES; and other Canidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.
Period after successful treatment in which there is no appearance of the symptoms or effects of the disease.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Removal and pathologic examination of specimens in the form of small pieces of tissue from the living body.
Statistical models used in survival analysis that assert that the effect of the study factors on the hazard rate in the study population is multiplicative and does not change over time.
A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)
The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.
A vital statistic measuring or recording the rate of death from any cause in hospitalized populations.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
A detailed review and evaluation of selected clinical records by qualified professional personnel for evaluating quality of medical care.
Disease having a short and relatively severe course.
Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).
The worsening of a disease over time. This concept is most often used for chronic and incurable diseases where the stage of the disease is an important determinant of therapy and prognosis.
The use of internal devices (metal plates, nails, rods, etc.) to hold the position of a fracture in proper alignment.
Hospital units providing continuous surveillance and care to acutely ill patients.
A parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarch in southeast Asia, consisting of 11 states (West Malaysia) on the Malay Peninsula and two states (East Malaysia) on the island of BORNEO. It is also called the Federation of Malaysia. Its capital is Kuala Lumpur. Before 1963 it was the Union of Malaya. It reorganized in 1948 as the Federation of Malaya, becoming independent from British Malaya in 1957 and becoming Malaysia in 1963 as a federation of Malaya, Sabah, Sarawak, and Singapore (which seceded in 1965). The form Malay- probably derives from the Tamil malay, mountain, with reference to its geography. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p715 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p329)
A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER between BENIN and CAMEROON. Its capital is Abuja.
Complications that affect patients during surgery. They may or may not be associated with the disease for which the surgery is done, or within the same surgical procedure.
A procedure in which a laparoscope (LAPAROSCOPES) is inserted through a small incision near the navel to examine the abdominal and pelvic organs in the PERITONEAL CAVITY. If appropriate, biopsy or surgery can be performed during laparoscopy.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
A country in northern Africa between ALGERIA and LIBYA. Its capital is Tunis.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.
A measure of the quality of health care by assessment of unsuccessful results of management and procedures used in combating disease, in individual cases or series.
Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.
The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.
The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.
Clarity or sharpness of OCULAR VISION or the ability of the eye to see fine details. Visual acuity depends on the functions of RETINA, neuronal transmission, and the interpretative ability of the brain. Normal visual acuity is expressed as 20/20 indicating that one can see at 20 feet what should normally be seen at that distance. Visual acuity can also be influenced by brightness, color, and contrast.
Therapy with two or more separate preparations given for a combined effect.
Hospital department responsible for the administration and provision of immediate medical or surgical care to the emergency patient.
Transfer of a neoplasm from its primary site to lymph nodes or to distant parts of the body by way of the lymphatic system.
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.
Incorrect diagnoses after clinical examination or technical diagnostic procedures.
Fractures of the upper jaw.
Damage or trauma inflicted to the eye by external means. The concept includes both surface injuries and intraocular injuries.
A partial or complete return to the normal or proper physiologic activity of an organ or part following disease or trauma.
The period following a surgical operation.
Tumors or cancer of the LUNG.
Care given during the period prior to undergoing surgery when psychological and physical preparations are made according to the special needs of the individual patient. This period spans the time between admission to the hospital to the time the surgery begins. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
The use of two or more chemicals simultaneously or sequentially in the drug therapy of neoplasms. The drugs need not be in the same dosage form.
The presence of viable bacteria circulating in the blood. Fever, chills, tachycardia, and tachypnea are common acute manifestations of bacteremia. The majority of cases are seen in already hospitalized patients, most of whom have underlying diseases or procedures which render their bloodstreams susceptible to invasion.
Systems for assessing, classifying, and coding injuries. These systems are used in medical records, surveillance systems, and state and national registries to aid in the collection and reporting of trauma.
Criteria and standards used for the determination of the appropriateness of the inclusion of patients with specific conditions in proposed treatment plans and the criteria used for the inclusion of subjects in various clinical trials and other research protocols.
An anatomic severity scale based on the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) and developed specifically to score multiple traumatic injuries. It has been used as a predictor of mortality.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
The practice of sending a patient to another program or practitioner for services or advice which the referring source is not prepared to provide.
Procedures of applying ENDOSCOPES for disease diagnosis and treatment. Endoscopy involves passing an optical instrument through a small incision in the skin i.e., percutaneous; or through a natural orifice and along natural body pathways such as the digestive tract; and/or through an incision in the wall of a tubular structure or organ, i.e. transluminal, to examine or perform surgery on the interior parts of the body.
Large hospitals with a resident medical staff which provides continuous care to maternity, surgical and medical patients.
Infection occurring at the site of a surgical incision.
Procedures used to treat and correct deformities, diseases, and injuries to the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM, its articulations, and associated structures.
A surgical operation for the relief of pressure in a body compartment or on a body part. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Situations or conditions requiring immediate intervention to avoid serious adverse results.
Fractures of the zygoma.
The systems and processes involved in the establishment, support, management, and operation of registers, e.g., disease registers.
A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.
Advanced and highly specialized care provided to medical or surgical patients whose conditions are life-threatening and require comprehensive care and constant monitoring. It is usually administered in specially equipped units of a health care facility.
Agents that suppress immune function by one of several mechanisms of action. Classical cytotoxic immunosuppressants act by inhibiting DNA synthesis. Others may act through activation of T-CELLS or by inhibiting the activation of HELPER CELLS. While immunosuppression has been brought about in the past primarily to prevent rejection of transplanted organs, new applications involving mediation of the effects of INTERLEUKINS and other CYTOKINES are emerging.
Multiple physical insults or injuries occurring simultaneously.
Procedures used to reconstruct, restore, or improve defective, damaged, or missing structures.
A graphic means for assessing the ability of a screening test to discriminate between healthy and diseased persons; may also be used in other studies, e.g., distinguishing stimuli responses as to a faint stimuli or nonstimuli.
Surgical procedures used to treat disease, injuries, and defects of the oral and maxillofacial region.
A carcinoma derived from stratified SQUAMOUS EPITHELIAL CELLS. It may also occur in sites where glandular or columnar epithelium is normally present. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
Research techniques that focus on study designs and data gathering methods in human and animal populations.
The ratio of the number of conceptions (CONCEPTION) including LIVE BIRTH; STILLBIRTH; and fetal losses, to the mean number of females of reproductive age in a population during a set time period.
The visualization of tissues during pregnancy through recording of the echoes of ultrasonic waves directed into the body. The procedure may be applied with reference to the mother or the fetus and with reference to organs or the detection of maternal or fetal disease.
The end-stage of CHRONIC RENAL INSUFFICIENCY. It is characterized by the severe irreversible kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA) and the reduction in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE to less than 15 ml per min (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002). These patients generally require HEMODIALYSIS or KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION.
Special hospitals which provide care for ill children.
Specialized devices used in ORTHOPEDIC SURGERY to repair bone fractures.
The process of accepting patients. The concept includes patients accepted for medical and nursing care in a hospital or other health care institution.
Operative immobilization or ankylosis of two or more vertebrae by fusion of the vertebral bodies with a short bone graft or often with diskectomy or laminectomy. (From Blauvelt & Nelson, A Manual of Orthopaedic Terminology, 5th ed, p236; Dorland, 28th ed)
Surgical incision of the trachea.
The transference of a kidney from one human or animal to another.
Factors which produce cessation of all vital bodily functions. They can be analyzed from an epidemiologic viewpoint.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A malignant epithelial tumor with a glandular organization.
The introduction of whole blood or blood component directly into the blood stream. (Dorland, 27th ed)
An appreciable lateral deviation in the normally straight vertical line of the spine. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Tumors or cancer of the LIVER.
Surgery performed on the nervous system or its parts.
The removal of a limb or other appendage or outgrowth of the body. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Hemorrhage following any surgical procedure. It may be immediate or delayed and is not restricted to the surgical wound.
One of a pair of irregularly shaped bones that form the upper jaw. A maxillary bone provides tooth sockets for the superior teeth, forms part of the ORBIT, and contains the MAXILLARY SINUS.
First aid or other immediate intervention for accidents or medical conditions requiring immediate care and treatment before definitive medical and surgical management can be procured.
Removal and examination of tissue obtained through a transdermal needle inserted into the specific region, organ, or tissue being analyzed.
Diseases of domestic and wild horses of the species Equus caballus.
The plan and delineation of prostheses in general or a specific prosthesis.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Drug therapy given to augment or stimulate some other form of treatment such as surgery or radiation therapy. Adjuvant chemotherapy is commonly used in the therapy of cancer and can be administered before or after the primary treatment.
The excision of lung tissue including partial or total lung lobectomy.
The transference of a part of or an entire liver from one human or animal to another.
An assisted reproductive technique that includes the direct handling and manipulation of oocytes and sperm to achieve fertilization in vitro.
The proportion of patients with a particular disease during a given year per given unit of population.
The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.
The removal of fluids or discharges from the body, such as from a wound, sore, or cavity.
New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.
Persons admitted to health facilities which provide board and room, for the purpose of observation, care, diagnosis or treatment.
A province of Canada lying between the provinces of Manitoba and Quebec. Its capital is Toronto. It takes its name from Lake Ontario which is said to represent the Iroquois oniatariio, beautiful lake. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p892 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p391)
Incision into the side of the abdomen between the ribs and pelvis.
Deeply perforating or puncturing type intraocular injuries.
Time schedule for administration of a drug in order to achieve optimum effectiveness and convenience.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
VERTEBRAE in the region of the lower BACK below the THORACIC VERTEBRAE and above the SACRAL VERTEBRAE.
The transfer of a neoplasm from one organ or part of the body to another remote from the primary site.
Malfunction of implantation shunts, valves, etc., and prosthesis loosening, migration, and breaking.
A method of hemostasis utilizing various agents such as Gelfoam, silastic, metal, glass, or plastic pellets, autologous clot, fat, and muscle as emboli. It has been used in the treatment of spinal cord and INTRACRANIAL ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATIONS, renal arteriovenous fistulas, gastrointestinal bleeding, epistaxis, hypersplenism, certain highly vascular tumors, traumatic rupture of blood vessels, and control of operative hemorrhage.
The study of chance processes or the relative frequency characterizing a chance process.
Studies to determine the advantages or disadvantages, practicability, or capability of accomplishing a projected plan, study, or project.
Institutions with an organized medical staff which provide medical care to patients.
Tongues of skin and subcutaneous tissue, sometimes including muscle, cut away from the underlying parts but often still attached at one end. They retain their own microvasculature which is also transferred to the new site. They are often used in plastic surgery for filling a defect in a neighboring region.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
Saccular lesions lined with epithelium and contained within pathologically formed cavities in the jaw; also nonepithelial cysts (pseudocysts) as they apply to the jaw, e.g., traumatic or solitary cyst, static bone cavity, and aneurysmal bone cyst. True jaw cysts are classified as odontogenic or nonodontogenic.
The distance and direction to which a bone joint can be extended. Range of motion is a function of the condition of the joints, muscles, and connective tissues involved. Joint flexibility can be improved through appropriate MUSCLE STRETCHING EXERCISES.
The largest and strongest bone of the FACE constituting the lower jaw. It supports the lower teeth.
Malformations of organs or body parts during development in utero.
Excision of the whole (total gastrectomy) or part (subtotal gastrectomy, partial gastrectomy, gastric resection) of the stomach. (Dorland, 28th ed)
The capital is Seoul. The country, established September 9, 1948, is located on the southern part of the Korean Peninsula. Its northern border is shared with the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.
A neoplasm containing HISTIOCYTES. Important forms include BENIGN FIBROUS HISTIOCYTOMA; and MALIGNANT FIBROUS HISTIOCYTOMA.
Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.
The surgical cutting of a bone. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Inanimate objects that become enclosed in the body.
The period of care beginning when the patient is removed from surgery and aimed at meeting the patient's psychological and physical needs directly after surgery. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Postmortem examination of the body.
Molecular products metabolized and secreted by neoplastic tissue and characterized biochemically in cells or body fluids. They are indicators of tumor stage and grade as well as useful for monitoring responses to treatment and predicting recurrence. Many chemical groups are represented including hormones, antigens, amino and nucleic acids, enzymes, polyamines, and specific cell membrane proteins and lipids.
The period before a surgical operation.
Diseases of the domestic cat (Felis catus or F. domesticus). This term does not include diseases of the so-called big cats such as CHEETAHS; LIONS; tigers, cougars, panthers, leopards, and other Felidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.
The physiological restoration of bone tissue and function after a fracture. It includes BONY CALLUS formation and normal replacement of bone tissue.
The transfer of mammalian embryos from an in vivo or in vitro environment to a suitable host to improve pregnancy or gestational outcome in human or animal. In human fertility treatment programs, preimplantation embryos ranging from the 4-cell stage to the blastocyst stage are transferred to the uterine cavity between 3-5 days after FERTILIZATION IN VITRO.
Breaks in bones.
Surgery performed on the ear and its parts, the nose and nasal cavity, or the throat, including surgery of the adenoids, tonsils, pharynx, and trachea.
Medical complexes consisting of medical school, hospitals, clinics, libraries, administrative facilities, etc.
Injuries involving the vertebral column.
The practice of replacing one prescribed drug with another that is expected to have the same clinical or psychological effect.
The first seven VERTEBRAE of the SPINAL COLUMN, which correspond to the VERTEBRAE of the NECK.
Parliamentary democracy located between France on the northeast and Portugual on the west and bordered by the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.
Hospitals which provide care for a single category of illness with facilities and staff directed toward a specific service.
Conditions or pathological processes associated with pregnancy. They can occur during or after pregnancy, and range from minor discomforts to serious diseases that require medical interventions. They include diseases in pregnant females, and pregnancies in females with diseases.
Excision of the uterus.
Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.

Prednisone in MOPP chemotherapy for Hodgkin's disease. (1/73093)

High remission rates have been produced by MOPP (mustine, vincristine, procarbazine, and prednisone) chemotherapy in patients with advanced Hodgkin's disease, but the prednisone component has caused adverse effects in patients who have undergone radiotherapy. The remission rates and length of remission were reviewed in 211 patients with Hodgkin's disease who received chemotherapy either with or without prednisone. In contrast to the findings of a British study, there were no significant differences in remission rates or length of remission between patients who had received prednisone and patients who had not. There were differences between the British prospective study and this retrospective one, but it is difficult to know what accounted for the substantial differences in the findings.  (+info)

Expression of nitric oxide synthase in inflammatory bowel disease is not affected by corticosteroid treatment. (2/73093)

AIM: To examine the effect of corticosteroid treatment on the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in the colon of patients with inflammatory bowel disease. METHODS: Four groups of patients were studied: (1) ulcerative colitis treated with high dose corticosteroids (six patients, 10 blocks); (2) ulcerative colitis patients who had never received corticosteroids (10 patients, 16 blocks); (3) Crohn's disease treated with high dose corticosteroids (12 patients, 24 blocks); (4) Non-inflammatory, non-neoplastic controls (four patients, six blocks). Full thickness paraffin sections of colons removed at surgery were immunostained with an antibody raised against the C terminal end of iNOS. Sections were assessed semiquantitatively for the presence and degree of inflammation and immunoreactivity for nitric oxide synthase. RESULTS: Cases of ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease with active inflammation showed strong staining for nitric oxide synthase. The staining was diffuse in ulcerative colitis and patchy in Crohn's disease, in accordance with the distribution of active inflammation. Staining was seen in epithelial cells and was most intense near areas of inflammation such as crypt abscesses. Non-inflamed epithelium showed no immunoreactivity. Treatment with corticosteroids made no difference to the amount of nitric oxide synthase. CONCLUSIONS: Expression of nitric oxide synthase is increased in both ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease and appears to be unaffected by treatment with corticosteroids. Disease severity necessitated surgery in all the cases included in this study, regardless of whether or not the patients had received long term corticosteroid treatment. It seems therefore that a high level of iNOS expression and, presumably, production of nitric oxide characterise cases which are refractory to clinical treatment; this suggests that specific inhibition of the enzyme may be a useful therapeutic adjunct.  (+info)

The role of alternative splicing of the adhesion molecule, CD44, in lymphoid malignancy. (3/73093)

AIM: To investigate the expression of CD44 isoforms containing variant exon 6 (v6) in a well characterised cohort of patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) and chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL), and to correlate this with phenotype and disease course. METHODS: Cryostat sections of OCT embedded diagnostic nodal material from NHL patients and cryopreserved mononuclear preparations from CLL patients were used as sources of RNA. After reverse transcription, PCR was carried out with amplimers positioned at either side of the variant exon insertion site to amplify all possible CD44 isoforms. Those isoforms containing v6 were identified after Southern blotting and hybridisation with a radiolabelled oligonucleotide. RESULTS: Of 32 NHL samples analysed, 16 did not express CD44 isoforms containing v6, six expressed an isoform containing exon v6 alone, and 10 expressed v6 long isoforms which contained exon v6 in addition to other variant exons. These data did not correlate with lymphoma classification, disease staging, or the presence or absence of extranodal disease. However, those patients expressing v6 long CD44 isoforms had a worse overall survival than those that did not. The plateau of the survival curves was 50% compared with 82%. No v6 long isoforms were detected in the 21 CLL samples investigated. CONCLUSIONS: The expression of v6 long CD44 isoforms is associated with aggressive disease in NHL, independent of grade, stage, or presence of extranodal disease.  (+info)

Analysis of the effect of conversion from open to closed surgical intensive care unit. (4/73093)

OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect on clinical outcome of changing a surgical intensive care unit from an open to a closed unit. DESIGN: The study was carried out at a surgical intensive care unit in a large tertiary care hospital, which was changed on January 1, 1996, from an open unit, where private attending physicians contributed and controlled the care of their patients, to a closed unit, where patients' medical care was provided only by the surgical critical care team (ABS or ABA board-certified intensivists). A retrospective review was undertaken over 6 consecutive months in each system, encompassing 274 patients (125 in the open-unit period, 149 in the closed-unit period). Morbidity and mortality were compared between the two periods, along with length-of-stay (LOS) and number of consults obtained. A set of independent variables was also evaluated, including age, gender, APACHE III scores, the presence of preexisting medical conditions, the use of invasive monitoring (Swan-Ganz catheters, central and arterial lines), and the use of antibiotics, low-dose dopamine (LDD) for renal protection, vasopressors, TPN, and enteral feeding. RESULTS: Mortality (14.4% vs. 6.04%, p = 0.012) and the overall complication rate (55.84% vs. 44.14%, p = 0.002) were higher in the open-unit group versus the closed-unit group, respectively. The number of consults obtained was decreased (0.6 vs. 0.4 per patient, p = 0.036), and the rate of occurrence of renal failure was higher in the open-unit group (12.8% vs. 2.67%, p = 0.001). The mean age of the patients was similar in both groups (66.48 years vs. 66.40, p = 0.96). APACHE III scores were slightly higher in the open-unit group but did not reach statistical significance (39.02 vs. 36.16, p = 0.222). There were more men in the first group (63.2% vs. 51.3%). The use of Swan-Ganz catheters or central and arterial lines were identical, as was the use of antibiotics, TPN, and enteral feedings. The use of LDD was higher in the first group, but the LOS was identical. CONCLUSIONS: Conversion of a tertiary care surgical intensive care unit from an open to closed environment reduced dopamine usage and overall complication and mortality rates. These results support the concept that, when possible, patients in surgical intensive care units should be managed by board-certified intensivists in a closed environment.  (+info)

Peripheral hepatojejunostomy as palliative treatment for irresectable malignant tumors of the liver hilum. (5/73093)

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the concept of surgical decompression of the biliary tree by peripheral hepatojejunostomy for palliative treatment of jaundice in patients with irresectable malignant tumors of the liver hilum. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Jaundice, pruritus, and recurrent cholangitis are major clinical complications in patients with obstructive cholestasis resulting from malignant tumors of the liver hilum. Methods for palliative treatment include endoscopic stenting, percutaneous transhepatic drainage, and surgical decompression. The palliative treatment of choice should be safe, effective, and comfortable for the patient. METHODS: In a retrospective study, surgical technique, perioperative complications, and efficacy of treatment were analyzed for 56 patients who had received a peripheral hepatojejunostomy between 1982 and 1997. Laparotomy in all of these patients had been performed as an attempt for curative resection. RESULTS: Hepatojejunostomy was exclusively palliative in 50 patients and was used for bridging to resection or transplantation in 7. Anastomosis was bilateral in 36 patients and unilateral in 20. The 1-month mortality in the study group was 9%; median survival was 6 months. In patients surviving >1 month, a marked and persistent decrease in cholestasis was achieved in 87%, although complete return to normal was rare. Among the patients with a marked decrease in cholestasis, 72% had no or only mild clinical symptoms such as fever or jaundice. CONCLUSIONS: Peripheral hepatojejunostomy is a feasible and reasonably effective palliative treatment for patients with irresectable tumors of the liver hilum. In patients undergoing exploratory laparotomy for attempted curative resection, this procedure frequently leads to persistent-although rarely complete-decompression of the biliary tree. In a few cases it may also be used for bridging to transplantation or liver resection after relief of cholestasis.  (+info)

Reconstruction for chronic dysfunction of ileoanal pouches. (6/73093)

OBJECTIVE: A retrospective review was performed to determine the results after surgical reconstruction for chronic dysfunction of ileal pouch-anal procedures for ulcerative colitis and familial colonic polyposis at a university medical center. METHODS: During the 20-year period from 1978 to 1998, 601 patients underwent colectomy and ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) for ulcerative colitis, familial colonic polyposis, or Hirschsprung's disease. A J pouch was used for 351 patients, a lateral pouch for 221, an S pouch for 6, and a straight pull-through for 23. Acute complications after pouch construction have been detailed in previous publications and are not included in this study. Chronic pouch stasis with diarrhea, frequency, urgency, and soiling gradually became more severe in 164 patients (27.3%), associated with pouch enlargement, an elongated efferent limb, and obstruction to pouch outflow, largely related to the pouch configuration used during the authors' early clinical experience. These patients were sufficiently symptomatic to be considered for reconstruction (mean 68 months after IPAA). Transanal resection of an elongated IPAA spout was performed on 58 patients; abdominoperineal mobilization of the pouch with resection and tapering of the lower end (AP reconstruction) and ileoanal anastomosis on 83; pouch removal and new pouch construction on 7; and conversion of a straight pull-through to a pouch on 16. RESULTS: Good long-term results (mean 7.7 years) with improvement in symptoms occurred in 98% of transanal resections, 91.5% of AP reconstructions, 86% of new pouch constructions, and 100% of conversions of a straight pull-through to a pouch. The average number of bowel movements per 24 hours at 6 months was 4.8. Complications occurred in 11.6% of reconstructed patients. Five of the 164 patients (3.1%) required eventual pouch removal and permanent ileostomy. The high rate of pouch revision in this series of patients undergoing IPAA is due to a policy of aggressive correction when patients do not experience an optimal functional result, or have a progressive worsening of their status. CONCLUSIONS: Although occasionally a major undertaking, reconstruction of ileoanal pouches with progressive dysfunction due to large size or a long efferent limb has resulted in marked improvement in intestinal function in >93% of patients and has reduced the need for late pouch removal.  (+info)

Use of wood stoves and risk of cancers of the upper aero-digestive tract: a case-control study. (7/73093)

BACKGROUND: Incidence rates for cancers of the upper aero-digestive tract in Southern Brazil are among the highest in the world. A case-control study was designed to identify the main risk factors for carcinomas of mouth, pharynx, and larynx in the region. We tested the hypothesis of whether use of wood stoves is associated with these cancers. METHODS: Information on known and potential risk factors was obtained from interviews with 784 cases and 1568 non-cancer controls. We estimated the effect of use of wood stove by conditional logistic regression, with adjustment for smoking, alcohol consumption and for other sociodemographic and dietary variables chosen as empirical confounders based on a change-in-estimate criterion. RESULTS: After extensive adjustment for all the empirical confounders the odds ratio (OR) for all upper aero-digestive tract cancers was 2.68 (95% confidence interval [CI] : 2.2-3.3). Increased risks were also seen in site-specific analyses for mouth (OR = 2.73; 95% CI: 1.8-4.2), pharyngeal (OR = 3.82; 95% CI: 2.0-7.4), and laryngeal carcinomas (OR = 2.34; 95% CI: 1.2-4.7). Significant risk elevations remained for each of the three anatomic sites and for all sites combined even after we purposefully biased the analyses towards the null hypothesis by adjusting the effect of wood stove use only for positive empirical confounders. CONCLUSIONS: The association of use of wood stoves with cancers of the upper aero-digestive tract is genuine and unlikely to result from insufficient control of confounding. Due to its high prevalence, use of wood stoves may be linked to as many as 30% of all cancers occurring in the region.  (+info)

Helicobacter pylori infection, garlic intake and precancerous lesions in a Chinese population at low risk of gastric cancer. (8/73093)

BACKGROUND: Cangshan County of Shandong Province has one of the lowest rates of gastric cancer (GC) in China. While intestinal metaplasia (IM) and dysplasia (DYS) are less common in Cangshan than in areas of Shandong at high risk of GC, these precursor lesions nevertheless affect about 20% of adults age > or = 55. SUBJECTS AND SETTING: In order to evaluate determinants of IM and DYS in Cangshan County, a low risk area of GC a survey was conducted among 214 adults who participated in a gastroscopic screening survey in Cangshan County in 1994. METHOD: A dietary interview and measurement of serum Helicobacter pylori antibodies were performed. RESULTS: The prevalence of H. pylori was lowest (19%) among those with normal gastric mucosa, rising steadily to 35% for superficial gastritis (SG), 56% for chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG), 80% for IM, and 100% for DYS. The prevalence odds of precancerous lesions were compared with the odds of normal histology or SG. The odds ratio (OR) or CAG associated with H. pylori positivity was 4.2 (95% confidence interval [CI] : 1.7-10.0), while the OR of IM/DYS associated with H. pylori positivity was 31.5 (95% CI: 5.2-187). After adjusting for H. pylori infection, drinking alcohol was a risk factor for CAG (OR = 3.2, 95% CI: 1.1-9.2) and IM/DYS (OR = 7.8, 95% CI: 1.3-47.7). On the other hand, consumption of garlic showed non-significant protective effects and an inverse association with H. pylori infection. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study suggest that infection with H. pylori is a risk factor and garlic may be protective, in the development and progression of advanced precancerous gastric lesions in an area of China at relatively low risk of GC.  (+info)

TY - JOUR. T1 - Childhood health problems following planned caesarean delivery at term. T2 - a population-based retrospective cohort study of Scottish data. AU - Black, Mairead Eileen. AU - Mclernon, D.. AU - Norman, J.. AU - Bhattacharya, Siladitya. PY - 2015/4. Y1 - 2015/4. M3 - Abstract. VL - 122. SP - 4. EP - 4. JO - BJOG-An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. JF - BJOG-An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. SN - 1470-0328. ER - ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Emotional impact on the results of BRCA1 and BRCA2 genetic test. T2 - An observational retrospective study. AU - Mella, Sara. AU - Muzzatti, Barbara. AU - Dolcetti, Riccardo. AU - Annunziata, Maria Antonietta. PY - 2017/10/2. Y1 - 2017/10/2. N2 - Background: BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations are associated with a higher risk of breast and ovarian tumors. This study evaluated the emotional states of women 1 month after having received the results of the genetic test and assessed eventual associations with the type of outcome, personal/familiar disease history and major socio-demographic variables. Methods: The study, an observational retrospective one, involved 91 women, evaluated 1 month after receiving their results. Patients were administered the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, the Profile of Mood States and emotional Thermometers. Results: Anxiety was significantly higher than depression (p , 0.001), and 21.3% and 21.3% of the sample were, respectively, possible and probable ...
Background: In the case of life-threatening conditions such as respiratory or cardiac arrest, or the clinical deterioration of the patient, a Code Blue activation may be instigated. A Code Blue activation involves a team of advanced trained clinicians attending the emergency needs of the patient. Aims and objectives: The aim of the study was to explore the number of cases of Code Blue activations, looking at the timing, clinical ward, diagnosis and activation criteria while noting cases where escalation from a Medical Emergency Team (MET) call occurs in one Regional Healthcare Service in Victoria, Australia, over a six-year period. Methods: A quantitative retrospective descriptive study of Code Blue emergencies over a six-year period from June 2010 to June 2016 was conducted. Data collected from the RISKMAN program operating at a single site was imported into SPSS (V 22) for descriptive statistical analysis. A STROBE EQUATOR checklist was used for this study (see File S1). Findings: The majority ...
Game Coaching System Design and Development: A Retrospective Case Study of FPS Trainer: 10.4018/ijgbl.2013040105: This paper is a retrospective case study of a game-based learning (GBL) researcher who cooperated with a professional gamer and a team of game developers to
As Canadas population ages, the location of end of life care (whether at home, extended care facility or hospital) may change depending on the location of death. We carried out a study to identify determinants of the place of death. Data on deaths in British Columbia between 2004 and 2008 were obtained from the Vital Statistics Agency. Place of death was categorized into home, extended care facility, hospital or other. Logistic regression analyses were used to estimate the effects of age, sex, marital status, residence, place of birth and cause of death on place of death using adjusted odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI). Of the 153,111 deaths in the study, 16.5% occurred at home, 29.0% in extended care, 51.0% in hospital and 3.5% occurred elsewhere. Male deaths were less likely to occur in extended care as compared with female deaths (odds ratio 0.73, 95% CI 0.71-0.75). Age (odds ratio 3.31, 95% CI 3.19-3.45 for those for ≥90 vs 70-79 years), marital status (odds ratio 1.42, 95% CI 1
TY - JOUR. T1 - A retrospective multicenter study on long-term prevalence of chronic pain after cardiac surgery. AU - Claudio, Marcassa. AU - Pompilio, Faggiano. AU - Cesare, Greco. AU - Marco, Ambrosetti. AU - Luigi, Temporelli Pier. PY - 2015/11/11. Y1 - 2015/11/11. N2 - Background There are limited data on sternotomy as a cause of chronic postsurgical pain, mainly restricted to 1 year after surgery. Aims To assess the prevalence of chronic poststernotomy pain and its interference on daily living. Methods In three groups of patients, a standardized telephone interview was obtained at 3 months (nU313), 1 year (nU313), and 3 years (nU319) following the rehabilitation program after cardiac surgery, in 11 rehabilitation centers. Presence, site, and the severity and interference of pain on selected daily living items were assessed. Results The prevalence of pain after cardiac surgery was 35.3% in the 3-month group, 26.8% in the 1-year group, and 19.8% in the 3-year group (P. AB - Background There ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Sleep-related infant deaths in Victoria. T2 - A retrospective case series study. AU - Bugeja, Lyndal. AU - Dwyer, Jeremy. AU - McIntyre, Sara Jane. AU - Young, Jeanine. AU - Stephan, Karen. AU - McClure, Roderick John. PY - 2016. Y1 - 2016. N2 - Background There is general agreement that in some circumstances, sharing a sleep surface of any kind with an infant increases the risk of sudden unexpected death in infancy. There is a paucity of research conducted in Australia examining this issue. This study examines the frequency and distribution of sleep-related infant deaths in a defined population, and reports the proportion that occurred in the context of bed-sharing. Methods A retrospective population-based case series study was conducted of infants (≤365 days) who died in a sleeping context during the period 1 January 2008 to 31 December 2010 in the state of Victoria, Australia. Information about the infant, caregiver, sleeping environment and bed-sharing was collected from a ...
This study was larger than previous UK studies, and used robust methods and definitions. The error rates are in line with those reported previously,3-6 but the large and representative sample makes the estimates more precise. The most recent of previous studies found a prevalence of prescribing error of 8.3% and monitoring error of 14.7%,7 albeit it in residential and nursing home patients.7 In contrast, the prevalence of prescribing errors in UK hospitals was 8.9%,15 and in a US hospital was 6.2%.16 Internationally, prescribing errors affect a median of 7% (IQR = 2-14) of medication orders in hospitals.17. The prevalence of prescribing or monitoring errors was particularly high in certain groups of patients: older people, children, men, and those on multiple medications. The high prevalence in older people has been noted elsewhere,6 and is of particular concern because of greater susceptibility of older people to experiencing medication-related harm. The high prevalence in children highlights ...
Contributors YY and XM conceived the study, provided overall guidance and revised the manuscript. XM, LW and YY have full access to the data in the study and take responsibility for the data integrity and the accuracy of data analysis. LW, YY and FL designed and supervised the study. QW, HS and DY led the data collection. LW searched the literature, analysed the data, interpreted the results and drafted the manuscript. YZ, DY, ZP, YH, YW, JX, JZ, HZ, YZ and QD collected the data. FL, YY, AY and QX revised the manuscript. All authors contributed to the critical revisions of the manuscript. ...
Sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitors are widely prescribed in people with type 2 diabetes. We aimed to investigate whether SGLT2 inhibitor prescription is associated with COVID-19, when compared with an active comparator. We performed a propensity-score-matched cohort study with active …
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Read Risk Factors for Poor Compliance with Adjuvant S-1 Chemotherapy for Gastric Cancer: A Multicenter Retrospective Study, Annals of Surgical Oncology on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
A total of 182 patients were included in this study. Of all the 182 patients, 126 were male (69.23%) and 56 were female (30.77%). The mean age was (56.75±12.45) years. The median follow-up time was 48 months (3-99 months). At the end of the follow-up, 50 patients (27.47%) died due to the disease after a median of 29.74 months and 59 patients (32.42%) had tumor recurrence after a median of 22.12 months. The 5-year cancer-specific survival of all patients was 68.30% (95% CI: 60.16%-75.84%); the 5-year recurrence-free survival was 60.70% (95% CI: 53.16%-68.84%). In the univariate analysis, diabetes mellitus, tumor invasion status, Fuhrman grade, serum album, serum cholestenone, anemia, and neutrophils percentage were associated with the cancer-specific survival and Fuhrman grade, serum album and anemia were associated with the recurrence-free survival. Variables with significant differences on univariate analysis were included in Cox multivariate regression analysis. Multivariate Logistic ...
We present a retrospective multicenter study of pralatrexate treatment outcomes in an Australian practice setting for patients with relapsed/refractor
Tyner, G A and Nolen-Walston, R D and Hall, T and Palmero, J P and Couetil, L and Javsicas, L and Stack, A and Schott, H and Johnson, A and Hardefeldt, L and Gruntman, A and Sommardahl, C and Menzies-Gow, N J and dePedro, P and Norman, T and Fennell, L C and Axon, J E and Lindborg, S and Aceto, H and Boston, R and Engiles, J (2011) A Multicenter Retrospective Study of 151 Renal Biopsies in Horses. JOURNAL OF VETERINARY INTERNAL MEDICINE, 25 (3). pp. 532-539. Full text not available from this repository ...
Older people frequently attend the emergency department (ED) and have a high risk of poor outcome as compared to their younger counterparts. Our aim was to study routinely collected clinical parameters as predictors of 90-day mortality in older patients attending our ED. We conducted a retrospective follow-up study at the Leiden University Medical Center (The Netherlands) among patients aged 70 years or older attending the ED in 2012. Predictors were age, gender, time and way of arrival, presenting complaint, consulting medical specialty, vital signs, pain score and laboratory testing. Cox regression analyses were performed to analyse the association between these predictors and 90-day mortality. Three thousand two hundred one unique patients were eligible for inclusion. Ninety-day mortality was 10.5 % for the total group. Independent predictors of mortality were age (hazard ratio [HR] 1.06, 95 % confidence interval [95 % CI] 1.04-1.08), referral from another hospital (HR 2.74, 95 % CI 1.22-6.11),
Of the 87,702 new adult TB cases in the Free State (2009-2012), 22.8% had an unsuccessful TB treatment outcome, the majority of these cases (18.3%) were co-infected with HIV. As HIV is one of the major factors fuelling the growing TB epidemic [20, 25, 26] - 61% of the TB cases in the province were co-infected with HIV/AIDS, which was slightly lower than the 65% average reported over the same period for South Africa [27] - the analysis of data in this paper was stratified by HIV status. During the study period (2009-2012), the HIV status of the majority (81.4%) of cases was known. In line with the WHO [19] recommendation that all patients with (presumptive) TB be offered HIV testing, it is encouraging to note that by 2014, there was a substantial improvement in the country as a whole, with 93% of TB patients knowing their HIV status [1]. Similarly to other studies [1, 4-7] we found significant differences in treatment outcomes between patients who were HIV-negative and HIV-positive. Over the four ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - A retrospective case series evaluating the outcome of implants with low primary stability. AU - Lee, Kwan Joo. AU - Cha, Jae Kook. AU - Sanz-Martin, Ignacio. AU - Sanz, Mariano. AU - Jung, Ui Won. PY - 2019/9/1. Y1 - 2019/9/1. N2 - Objectives: There is a need of more studies on whether low primary implant stability would negatively influence the success of implant therapy. Therefore, this retrospective study analyses outcomes of implants placed with low primary stability and factors that may be related to implant failures. Material and methods: This retrospective study included 156 patients, restored with 169 implants that presented manual rotation within an observed follow-up time of a minimum of 34 days and a maximum of 9.28 years. Descriptive statistics, survival analyses (life tables and Kaplan-Meier estimates) and radiographic assessment based on marginal bone level measurements were performed. This original study was adherent to STROBE guidelines. Results: Seven implants ...
Incidental appendectomy--yes or no? A retrospective case study and review of the literature.: The data from the current survey and literature review support inc
The present study provides a cross sectional view of resource use among IBD patients attending a single centre. We believe this is the most comprehensive available record of the costs associated with IBD for the UK National Health Service. Although there are obvious limitations to the external validity of a single centre study, the characteristics of our patient cohort are very similar to those described for other parts of the UK in terms of demographics, crude incidence and prevalence rates, disease severity and extent, and hospitalisation rates.13,20-27 Clearly, practice patterns may vary between different hospitals with respect to the use of specific pharmaceuticals or surgical techniques, and some larger tertiary centres will attract a patient population that is skewed towards more severely afflicted individuals.. There are significant obstacles to studying the costs of specific diseases in the UK. Diagnostic information is not routinely coded for most ambulatory care episodes and there is ...
Long-term follow-up of a retrospective comparison of reduced-intensity conditioning and conventional high-dose conditioning for allogeneic transplantation from matched related donors in myelodysplastic ...
The hypothesis is that the effectiveness of the infected hip prosthesis revision surgery in a one stage time has a high success rate, even in cases with bone graft use.
This study evaluated the long-term clinical outcomes between Resolute zotarolimus-eluting stent and paclitaxel-eluting stent in patients with small coronary
Three laboratories present a harmonised system for the retrospective comparison of south west Asian heroin. It consists of an improved gas chromatographic (GC) profiling method and a computerised data retrieval. The investigations of the GC were necessary with a view to improve the reproducibility of the system. The necessity of a strict quality control is emphasized. The peaks of the GC profile were investigated for abundance, intensity, GC behaviour (reproducibility) and correlations, 16 of them were selected for describing the heroin profile in the database. The results from intra-lab profile comparisons are reported. The reproducibility of the analysis was good and the variation between the samples was large, thus, allowing conclusions with a high degree of certainty. The criteria of similarity were defined. The system is successfully running in all three labs. In connection with inter-laboratory comparison, the aspects of method harmonisation and standardisation are discussed. It appeared ...
In this multicenter retrospective study, the outcomes of 836 patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) who underwent transplantation with a human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-identical sibling donor were analyzed according to 2 types of conditioning: reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) in 215 patients, and standard myeloablative (or high-dose) conditioning (SMC) in 621 patients. In multivariate analysis, the 3-year relapse rate was significantly increased after RIC (hazard ratio [HR], 1.64; 95% confidence interval [95% CI], 1.2-2.2; P = .001), but the 3-year nonrelapse mortality (NRM) rate was decreased in the RIC group (HR, 0.61; 95% CI, 0.41-0.91; P = .015). The 3-year probabilities of progression-free and overall survivals were similar in both groups (39% after SMC vs 33% in RIC; multivariate P = .9; and 45% vs 41%, respectively; P = .8). In conclusion, the lower 3-year NRM after RIC is encouraging, since these patients were older (age > 50 years in 73% RIC vs 28% in SMC, P < .001) and ...
Introduction. Complement activating donor specific antibodies may be associated with worse outcomes in a cohort of patients who have undergone HLA-AIT. We looked for differences in renal allograft outcomes in patients with HLA class 1 and class 2 complement activating IgG antibodies.. Methods: We analysed samples from 121 HLA-AIT who had pre-transplant DSA and subsequently underwent direct transplantation.C3d (Immucor) assay was performed at preconditioning/pre-transplant. IgG C3d results were correlated with HLA class and for prediction of rejection and allograft survival.. Results: Of 121 patients,11 had C3d positive IgG DSA for class1 and 31 had C3d positive IgG DSA positive for class 2. 5 patients had C3d IgG DSA positive for both classes. Either class 1 or class 2 C3d positive DSA was not associated with early rejection (p 0..64 and p0.146 respectively). C3d class 1 DSA was not associated with predicting long term graft survival (p 0.1) ...
Our pilot study has established the feasibility of conducting a major record review of adverse events in the United Kingdom. We found that 10.8% of patients admitted to hospital experience an adverse event, with an overall 11.7% rate of adverse events when multiple adverse events are included. About half of these events were judged preventable. A third of adverse events led to moderate or greater disability or death. Some adverse events are serious and are traumatic for both staff and patients. Others are frequent, minor events that go unnoticed in routine clinical care and yet together have massive economic consequences.. This study is primarily a pilot and has certain limitations. The study was small and based on only two hospitals. In addition, the case mix does not accurately reflect hospital practice. The specialties included in the review could have higher rates of adverse events than other specialties. Nevertheless, the specialties we chose constitute a large proportion of inpatient ...
Our pilot study has established the feasibility of conducting a major record review of adverse events in the United Kingdom. We found that 10.8% of patients admitted to hospital experience an adverse event, with an overall 11.7% rate of adverse events when multiple adverse events are included. About half of these events were judged preventable. A third of adverse events led to moderate or greater disability or death. Some adverse events are serious and are traumatic for both staff and patients. Others are frequent, minor events that go unnoticed in routine clinical care and yet together have massive economic consequences.. This study is primarily a pilot and has certain limitations. The study was small and based on only two hospitals. In addition, the case mix does not accurately reflect hospital practice. The specialties included in the review could have higher rates of adverse events than other specialties. Nevertheless, the specialties we chose constitute a large proportion of inpatient ...
Citation : Rutty J E, Woodward H and Rutty G N (2000) A 50 year retrospective study of height, weight and body mass index at the time of death in those aged 16-103. Royal College of Nursing Research Society Annual Conference (Sheffield), 13-15 April ...
Abstract Objective The objective of this retrospective descriptive study was to assess overall survival and disease free survival of patients treated for epithelial ovarian cancer by a gynaecologic-oncologist in a single Dutch peripheral teaching hospital and to identify independent prognostic factors. Study design A retrospective series of 242 patients treated ... read more for epithelial ovarian cancer between 1999 and 2011 at Meander Medical Centre was reviewed. Data on patient, tumour and treatment characteristics were collected. Outcomes were overall survival and progression free survival. Data were analysed using the Kaplan-Meier method, log-rank test and Cox regression analysis. Results Median follow-up was 35 months (range 1-203). Staging procedures were performed in 81 patients of which 63% were complete. 61% of patients had advanced stage disease. In 46%, debulking surgery was complete. Five-year overall survival and progression free survival for all patients was 52% and 47%, ...
This study investigated clinical outcome and post-progression management in a large cohort of French patients with ALK+ NSCLC treated with crizotinib.
In absence of patient-level databases, multi-national, retrospective chart review studies can be undertaken to provide robust naturalistic data to inform evaluations of treatment patterns, resource utilization, costs of care, clinical outcomes and safety.
In this retrospective cohort study, significant rates of serious infections requiring hospitalisation occurred in patients with SLE and with LN in an Australian cohort. The incidence rate of 19.5 infections per 100 patient-years in the LN cohort is comparable to 23.9 infections per 100 patient-years determined by Feldman et al,4 as was the incidence in non-renal lupus in the same study; 10.8 infections per 100 patient-years.. No statistically significant difference was detected in risk of serious infections between the patient groups based on univariable and multivariable Cox regression models. Analysis for incidence was not made in the largest contemporary study comparing both cohorts.4 Nephritis was also not determined to be a significant cofactor in serious infection in an SLE cohort on multivariable regression in Ruiz-Irastorza et als research.21 Furthermore, no statistically significant difference was detected in hospital admissions, hospital length of stay, ICU admission and death within ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Depressive symptoms in the last days of life of patients with cancer: a nationwide retrospective mortality study. AU - Janberidze, Elene. AU - Pereira, Sandra Martins. AU - Hjermstad, Marianne Jensen. AU - Knudsen, Anne Kari. AU - Kaasa, Stein. AU - van der Heide, Agnes. AU - Onwuteaka-Philipsen, Bregje. PY - 2016/6. Y1 - 2016/6. U2 - 10.1136/bmjspcare-2014-000722. DO - 10.1136/bmjspcare-2014-000722. M3 - Article. VL - 6. SP - 201. EP - 209. JO - BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care. JF - BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care. SN - 2045-435X. IS - 2. ER - ...
Current ultrasound machines are capable of recording clips using two types of capture: Prospective and Retrospective data collection.
The present study was carried out in the postgraduate department of Pathology at Government Medical College, Srinagar, India, to study the histopathological pattern of thyroid lesions reported a tertiary care hospital in Kashmir retrospectively for a period of three years. During this study, 165 thyroidectomy specimens were analyzed. Their corresponding slides were retrieved and reviewed. Out of these, 37 cases were non-neoplastic and 128 were neoplastic. Among neoplastic cases 40 cases were benign, 87 cases were malignant and one case was diagnosed as having a well differentiated tumor of uncertain malignant potential. Peak incidence was in the third decade of life with female predominance. Among the malignant tumors, the highest incidence was that of papillary carcinoma of thyroid (83.90%), followed by follicular and medullary carcinoma (6.89% each). Colloid goitre (12.72%) was the most frequent entity in the benign category. The remarkable observation of this study was that the neoplastic ...
Background Childhood obesity is a significant health problem in the UK. To date, there is little known about the pattern of change in body mass index (BMI) following renal transplantation in UK paediatric patients. Our objectives in this study were to (i) describe trends in BMI seen in UK patients undergoing renal transplantation in the short and medium term and (ii) identify risk factors predisposing children to excessive weight gain following transplantation.. Methods A retrospective case note review was performed across 12 of 13 paediatric nephrology centres in the UK, with BMI measurements recorded pre-transplantation and for 4 years thereafter. BMI% was used to assess changes in adiposity over time. International Obesity Taskforce definitions of overweight and obesity…. Read Full Article. ...
In Chinese patients with diabetes, having hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels that are too high or too low may be associated with a greater risk of cardiovascular disease and death, according to a research letter published Jan. 25 in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.. In this population-based retrospective cohort study, Eric Yuk Fai Wan, MSc, CStat, of the University of Hong Kong, and colleagues examined 117,389 adult Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes without any history of cardiovascular disease. After a median follow-up of 54.5 to 58.5 months, a J-shaped curvilinear relationship was observed between HbA1c levels and cardiovascular disease incidence, all-cause mortality and other outcomes. An HbA1c range of ≥7.0 percent to ,7.5 percent had the lowest risk of new cardiovascular disease, coronary heart disease, stroke, heart failure, all-cause mortality and cardiovascular disease-related mortality. By comparison, an HbA1c ,6.5 percent or ≥8.0 percent was associated with a ...
Background and objective: Number and complexity of elderly patients presenting for anesthesia is increasing. The aims of this study are to identify the incidence and risk factors of perioperative complication in geriatric patients (age ≥65 years) who underwent anesthesia in order to improve the quality of anesthesia service.. Methods: Retrospective descriptive study was conducted between January 1, 2010 and December 31, 2011 in Srinagarind hospital. Medical charts and anesthetic records were reviewed. Univariate factors related to perioperative complications were analyzed. Multivariable Logistic Regression for risk ratio was used to investigate independent factors with significant association to perioperative complications. A forward stepwise algorithm was chosen. A p-value , 0.05 was considered as statistically significant.. Results: 4,595 anesthetic records were reviewed. 3,621 geriatric patients underwent surgery receiving anesthesia. Incident reports were 395 (860:10,000). The incidences, ...
Phospholipase Cγ1 (PLCγ1) is highly expressed in human tumours. Our previous studies reported that both stable and inducible PLCγ1 down-regulation can inhibit formation of breast-cancer-derived experimental lung metastasis. Further, high expression of PLCγ1 and its constitutively activated forms (i.e., PLCγ1-pY1253, PLCγ1-pY783) is associated with worse clinical outcome in terms of incidence of distant metastases, but not of local relapse in T1-T2, N0 breast cancer patients. In the present retrospective study, we analysed the prognostic role of PLCγ1 in early breast cancer patients stratified according to the St. Gallen criteria and to their menopausal status. PLCγ1-pY1253 and PLCγ1-pY783 protein expression levels were determined by immunohistochemistry on tissue microarrays, and were correlated with patients clinical data, using univariate and multivariate statistical analyses. In our series, the prognostic value of PLCγ1 overexpression was restricted to Luminal type tumours. From
The role of paternal factors in determining the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes has received less attention than maternal factors. Similarly, the interaction between the effects of race and socioeconomic status (SES) on pregnancy outcomes is not well known. Our objective was to assess the relative importance of paternal vs. maternal education in relation to risk of low birth weight (LBW) across different racial groups. We conducted a retrospective population-based cohort study using Washington state birth certificate data from 1992 to 1996 (n = 264,789). We assessed the associations between maternal or paternal education and LBW, adjusting for demographic variables, health services factors, and maternal behavioral and obstetrical factors. Paternal educational level was independently associated with LBW after adjustment for race, maternal education, demographic characteristics, health services factors; and other maternal factors. We found an interaction between the race and maternal education on risk
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Although little debate exists on the need for advanced neonatal services for the most immature and surgically complex neonates, ongoing controversies exist regarding which facilities are qualified to provide these services and what is the most appropriate measure for such qualification. These issues are, in general, based on the need for comparison of facility experience (measured by patient volume or census), location (inborn/outborn deliveries, regional perinatal center, or childrens hospital), or case mix (including stillbirths, delivery room deaths, and complex congenital anomalies).. Several studies have explored the topic of center experience as measured by volume or census of VLBW infants.30-35 Phibbs et al conducted a population-based retrospective cohort study of 48 237 California VLBW infants to examine differences in neonatal mortality among NICUs with various levels of care and patient volumes. When compared with high-volume, high-level centers, the odds ratio of death was 1.19 ...
To quantify the risk and types of sequelae attributable to prior enteric infections, we undertook a population-based retrospective cohort study using linked administrative records. The risk for first-time hospitalization for sequelae was modeled by using Cox proportional regression analysis controlling for other health and sociodemographic factors. We identified a significant increase of 64% in the rate of first-time hospitalization for sequelae for persons with prior enteric infections: 52% for intragastrointestinal sequelae and 63% for extragastrointestinal sequelae compared with first-time hospitalization for those without prior infection. Extragastrointestinal sequelae occurred predominantly during the first 5 years after first-time enteric infection. In contrast, most intragastrointestinal sequelae occurred &gt;10 years later. Infective gastroenteritis during childhood or adolescence increases the risk for first-time hospitalization for intragastrointestinal and extragastrointestinal disease
In a retrospective population-based cohort study involving 92 735 older women with incident invasive breast cancer, Smith and colleagues compared risk of death,
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The impact of deferring critically ill children in referral hospitals away from their designated pediatric critical care unit (PCCU) on patients and the healthcare system is unknown. This population-based retrospective cohort studys goal was to identify the factors associated with deferrals of critically ill children away from their designated PCCU, evaluate patient outcomes as they related to deferrals away from a PCCU and study the impact of the 2010 referral policy implementation.
In the context of an aging population, homecare visits by family physicians may contribute to maintaining older patients at home; however, home visits by family physicians have decreased in number in the last decade with the emergence of homecare-oriented healthcare services. The authors aimed to describe the diversity of activities and evolution over time of home visits by Swiss family physicians. From 2006 to 2015, Vaud family physicians made 451,634 home visits. Most home visits were routine visits while emergency home visits were rare.
Memorial Hospital in Linkou (CGMH) … ... Linkou Chang Gung Memorial Hospital. Linkou Chang Gung Memorial Hospital (CGMH) is a JCI accredited, multi-specialty hospital situated amidst the flourishing district of Linkou, Taiwan. Cureus. Our coordinators will be by your side every step of the way, starting from your appointment, all the way to your airport pickup and hotel accommodations. Methods: The median total, intensive care unit (ICU), and ward costs of LT were US$64,250, $43,357, and $16,138 (currency ratio 1:30), respectively. 3) Take Taxi from Chiayi THSRstation to Chiayi Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, transportation time is around 10 mins, cost is around USD7. The average cost was NTD$45,709.30 ± NTD$66,697.40 (US$1408.70 ± US$2084.30; US$1 = NTD$32) and average LOS was 13.9 ± 14.1 days (range: 1-129). , The United States had the shortest LOS (6 days) in contrast to Canada with the longest LOS (34-47 days). Chiayi Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, certificated by College of American ...
Harm avoidance and depression, anxiety, insomnia, and migraine in fifth-year medical students in Taiwan Ching-Yen Chen,1–3 Nan-Wen Yu,2–4 Tien-Hao Huang,4 Wei-Shin Wang,4 Ji-Tseng Fang2,3,5 1Department of Psychiatry, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Keelung, Taiwan; 2School of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan; 3Medical Education Research Center, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan, Taiwan; 4Department of Psychiatry, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou, Taiwan; 5Department of Nephrology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou, Taiwan Purpose: During medical school training, increased stress, depression, and anxiety are common. Certain personality traits, particularly harm avoidance (HA), may increase the risk of psychopathological disorders, insomnia, and migraine among medical students. This study evaluated the role HA may play on levels of stress, depression, anxiety, and insomnia among Taiwanese medical students starting their fifth and final year of medical school.Patients
Our study investigated health service use for people in the last year of life, comparing those who died with and without Alzheimers disease (AD) documented on the death certificate. Using a population-based retrospective cohort design, and utilizing the Western Australian Data Linkage System for the period 2000-2002 (2.5 years), the study found that 992 people died of either AD alone or AD with at least one other condition recorded on the death certificate. Of those with documented AD, 90.4% were aged 75 or more years, two-thirds were female (68.8%), more than one-half were widowed (59.3%) and the majority lived in a major city (77.0%). Most deceased people had comorbidities recorded on death certificates (90.0%); the majority having either two (34.5%) or three (28.8%) comorbid conditions. Over two-thirds of people aged over 75 years with AD died in a residential aged care facility (RACF, 67.4%), while the greatest proportion of people without AD died in hospital (52.9%). When a comparison was ...
Adenoid cystic carcinoma of nasopharynx: a single-center retrospective study, Shujun Ding, Tongai Jin, Min Xu, Yong Liang, Shoufeng Wang, Lingyun Lv, De Huai
Castor oil as a natural alternative to labor induction: A retrospective descriptive study. Women Birth. 2017 Aug 21;: Authors: DeMaria AL, Sundstrom B, Moxley GE, Banks K, Bishop A, Rathbun L Abstract AIM: To describe birthing outcomes among women who consumed castor oil cocktail as part of a freestanding birth center labor induction protocol. METHODS: De-identified data...
Stroke is a major risk factor for osteoporosis and fractures. No study has evaluated the association between diuretic use and risk of vertebral fracture in stroke patients, although a considerable proportion of stroke patients are prescribed diuretics for hypertension. Our study aimed to investigate whether treatment with thiazides or loop diuretics affects the risk of vertebral fracture after stroke. A population-based propensity score-matched retrospective cohort study was conducted using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. Patients with a new diagnosis of stroke between 2000 and 2011 were included. After propensity score matching, 9468 patients were included in the analysis of the effect of thiazides, of who 4734 received thiazides within 2 years after stroke. To analyze the loop diuretic effect, 4728 patients were included, of who 2364 received loop diuretics. Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) of vertebral fractures among
Introduction Peking Union Medical College Hospital is set medical treatment 、teaching and scientific research in one of the large level of first-class comprehensive hospital ,which is the clinical college of Peking Union Medical College H
Childhood Nephrotic Syndrome Management and Outcome: A Single Center Retrospective Analysis. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
Splenectomy during cytoreductive surgery in epithelial ovarian cancer Hengzi Sun,1 Xiaoning Bi,1 Dongyan Cao,1 Jiaxin Yang,1 Ming Wu,1 Lingya Pan,1 Huifang Huang,1 Ge Chen,2 Keng Shen1 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China; 2Department of General Surgery, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China Background: The aim of the study was to analyze the underlying causes and application of splenectomy in patients with epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) and assess its effect on the surgical satisfaction and prognosis of these patients.Materials and methods: Clinical data of patients with ovarian epithelial cancer treated with cytoreductive surgery were collected from 2000 to 2015 at Peking Union Medical College Hospital.Results: A total of 2,882 patients underwent ovarian cancer cytoreductive surgery at
The COVID-19 outbreak strongly affected Italy, putting a strain on the National healthcare system. Hospitals quickly reorganized the activity to cope with the emergency. This retrospective comparative study aimed to analyze the impact of the lockdown imposed in Italy during the COVID-19 outbreak on acute orthopedic trauma, in order to identify critical issues for improvement and future planning. We collected data on all the trauma admissions to a single University hospital DEA (Department of Emergency and Acceptance) in Rome during the COVID- 19 pandemic lockdown in Italy, comparing them with the corresponding period in 2019. We reported demographic data; the characteristics of the injury, including the anatomical location, fracture, sprain, dislocation, contusion, laceration, whether the injury site was exposed or closed, where the injury occurred, and polytrauma. We also recorded the waiting time in the emergency room and mode of transportation. The study sample was composed of 1199 patients, ...
Acute tubulointerstitial nephritis (AIN) is an uncommon cause of acute kidney injury in children, accounting for less than 10% of cases. There is limited information regarding the range of underlying diagnoses and how these may differ geographically. We undertook a retrospective case note review of consecutive cases of biopsy-proven AIN, presenting to a single UK tertiary paediatric centre, to describe the range of AIN in our caseload, define key characteristics and response to treatment, with the aim of informing paediatric nephrology practice. Cases were identified retrospectively from departmental records. Data extracted included demographics, presenting clinical and biochemical features, renal biopsy histology, treatment and follow-up. Ten cases were identified over 8 years (2007-2014). Age range 6-16 years. Male:Female ratio 1:9. Final diagnoses included 6 tubulointerstitial nephritis and uveitis syndrome (TINU), 2 idiopathic, 1 sarcoidosis, 1 child with Streptococcal disease. Of the TINU cases,
TY - JOUR. T1 - WE‐G‐BRCD‐01. T2 - A Procedure for Efficient Large‐Scale Retrospective Clinical Studies for Online Adaptive Radiotherapy. AU - Lambrecht, M.. AU - Graves, Y.. AU - Gautier, Q.. AU - Tian, Z.. AU - Kim, G.. AU - Uribe‐sanchez, A.. AU - Jia, X.. AU - Jiang, S.. PY - 2012. Y1 - 2012. N2 - Purpose: Online adaptive radiotherapy (ART) is promising for handling inter‐fraction variations of patients geometry. Before a clinical implementation of this advanced technology, it is necessary to study its potential clinical gains and optimal frequencies to be used for various tumor sites. The goal of this work is to establish and examine a procedure for efficient large‐scale retrospective clinical studies for online ART using a GPU‐based re‐planning platform. Methods: The proposed procedure utilizes an in‐house developed GPU‐based replanning software called SCORE. SCORE starts by applying deformable registration from CT to CBCT and correcting CBCT artifacts and ...
Wei, C. P., Cheng, W. C., Chang, C. N., Lee, S. T., Lui, T. N. & Wang, A. D., 十二月 20 1989, Changgeng yi xue za zhi / Changgeng ji nian yi yuan = Chang Gung medical journal / Chang Gung Memorial Hospital. 4 編輯 卷 12. p. 193-199 7 p.. 研究成果: 書貢獻/報告類型 › 章節 ...
Autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) has been employed for patients with relapsed multiple myeloma (MM) after up-front ASCT. The present retrospective study aimed to examine the survival benefit from salvage ASCT. Among 446 patients with relapsed MM after up-front single ASCT, 70 patients rec
http://www.njbariatricsurgeons.com/wp-content/uploads/alsnj-logo-color-300x128.png 0 0 Advanced Laparoscopic http://www.njbariatricsurgeons.com/wp-content/uploads/alsnj-logo-color-300x128.png Advanced Laparoscopic2011-11-18 16:28:212017-01-06 21:02:41Routine Drain Placement in Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass: An Expanded Retrospective Comparative Study of 755 Patients and Review of the Literature ...
My scientific biography reflects my career as an academic cardiothoracic surgeon. Over the years I was engaged both in clinical and basic science research. In both areas I focused on topics that are close and relevant to my clinical practice. Collaboration with other disciplines was key to achieve high-quality research. The early phase of my clinical research is characterized by a series of retrospective analyses of cohorts of patients that were unique because of clinical presentation, the surgical procedure, or unusual complication. Typically these studies were single-center retrospective studies. Most of these studies included evaluation of long-term outcomes with follow-up of ten years or longer. Examples of such studies include assessment of the long-term outcome of patients undergoing allograft aortic valve replacement using various techniques (Ref. # 11, 12, 13), comparison of linear repair vs. endoaneurysmorrhaphy for left ventricular aneurysm (Ref. # 19), long term outcomes of patients ...
The purpose was twofold: (1) to develop a comprehensive profile of patients discharged from an inpatient oncology rehabilitation unit and (2) to explore the relationships between patient characteristics and functional status. A retrospective review of electronic data from all patients discharged from oncology rehabilitation between November 1, 2008, and March 31, 2010, was conducted. Data elements included age, sex, primary language, living arrangements, cancer diagnosis, comorbidities, and admission and discharge Functional Independence Measure (FIM™) scores. Descriptive statistics were compiled for all data elements. General linear regression was conducted to determine the descriptors independently associated with FIM™ discharge and FIM™ change scores. There were 153 eligible records. The patients age ranged from 38 to 97 years (M = 72.6, SD = 12.9); 59.5% were women, and 39.3% lived alone prior to hospitalization. The most common diagnoses were colorectal cancer (n = 45, 28.8%), metastatic
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Department of nuclear medicine at Linkou/Taipei/Keelong Chang Gung Memorial Hospital 長庚核子醫學科(北院區)相關資訊包括:核子醫學新聞,核醫掃描簡介,衛教文件,正子掃描,以及I-131治療病房
Department of nuclear medicine at Linkou/Taipei/Keelong Chang Gung Memorial Hospital 長庚核子醫學科(北院區)相關資訊包括:核子醫學新聞,核醫掃描簡介,衛教文件,正子掃描,以及I-131治療病房
Previous studies of predictors of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) have limitations: (1) some focused on patients with clinically recognized chronic kidney disease (CKD); (2) others identified population-based patients who developed ESRD, but lacked earlier baseline clinical measures to predict ESRD. Our study was designed to address these limitations and to identify the strength and precision of characteristics that might predict ESRD pragmatically for decision-makers--as measured by the onset of renal replacement therapy (RRT). We conducted a population-based, retrospective case-control study of patients who developed ESRD and started RRT. We conducted the study in a health maintenance organization, Kaiser Permanente Northwest (KPNW). The case-control study was nested within the adult population of KPNW members who were enrolled during 1999, the baseline period. Cases and their matched controls were identified from January 2000 through December 2004. We evaluated baseline clinical characteristics
A nationwide retrospective study of exogenous lipid pneumonia (ELP) was carried out to update the data on this disease, with emphasis on thoracic computed tomography (CT) scan and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) findings. The inclusion criteria were: 1) presence of abnormal imaging features compatible with the diagnosis of ELP; 2) presence of intrapulmonary lipids; and 3) exogenous origin of the lipid pneumonia. Forty four cases were included (20 males and 24 females; mean age 62 +/- 11 yrs), of which four were occupational (chronic inhalation of cutting mist or oily vapour in an industrial environment). Thirty of the 40 nonoccupational cases were related to aspiration of liquid paraffin used for the treatment of constipation. A condition possibly favouring oil aspiration or inhalation was present in 34 patients (77%), most commonly gastro-oesophageal reflux (n = 20) and neurological or psychiatric illness (n = 14). Fever (39%), weight loss (34%), cough (64%), dyspnoea (50%) and crepitations (45%) ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - A retrospective case-control study to investigate horse and jockey level risk factors associated with horse falls in Irish Point-to-Point races. AU - Smith, Laura J.. AU - Tabor, Gillian. AU - Williams, Jane. PY - 2020/5. Y1 - 2020/5. N2 - Horse racing as a high-risk sport can pose a significant risk to equine welfare. There have been limited epidemiological reviews of fall risk specific to point-to-point racing. This study aimed to identify horse and jockey level risk factors associated with horse falls and compare these to published findings for Hurdle and Steeplechase racing. The study used a retrospective matched case-control design. Relevant variables were identified, and information was collated for all races in the 2013/2014 and 2014/2015 seasons. Cases and controls were matched with a 1:3 ratio. Controls (n=2,547) were selected at random from all horses that completed in the same race (n=849). Horse and jockey level variables were analysed through univariable analysis to ...
This study aimed to identify the incidence rate of Acute kidney injury (AKI) in our center and predict in-hospital mortality and long-term survival after heart transplantation (HTx). This single-center, retrospective study from October 2009 and March 2020 analyzed the pre-, intra-, and postoperative characteristics of 95 patients who underwent HTx. AKI was defined according to the Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) criteria. Risk factors were analyzed by multivariable logistic regression models. The log-rank test was used to compare long-term survival. Thirty-three (34.7%) patients developed AKI. The mortality in hospital in HTx patients with and without AKI were 21.21 and 6.45%, respectively (P | 0.05). Recipients in AKI who required renal replacement therapy (RRT) had a hospital mortality rate of 43.75% compared to 6.45% in those without AKI or RRT (P | 0.0001). A long cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) time (OR:11.393, 95% CI: 2.183 to 59.465, P = 0.0039) was positively related to the
This multicenter retrospective study shows that the self-expanding and fully retrievable stent-based mechanical thrombectomy device, Solitaire FR revascularization device, can safely and effectively retrieve clots from the large arteries in the anterior and posterior cerebral circulation. Successful revascularization (mTICI 2b or 3) was achieved in 85% of arterial occlusions, resulting in 55% of patients with good functional outcome (modified Rankin Scale ≤2) at 3 months. The good functional outcome was significantly higher in patients treated previously with IV tPA compared with those without. This association may be due to a higher rate of successful revascularization in patients with prior tPA (86% versus 81%) because age, NIHSS score, baseline ASPECTS score, and time to treatment were comparable between groups.. Remarkably, 77% of patients achieved revascularization with ≤2 passes of the device. Hence, the mean number of pass attempts (1.8) was lower than in the previously reported ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Adenosine for temporary flow arrest during intracranial aneurysm surgery. T2 - A single-center retrospective review. AU - Bendok, Bernard R.. AU - Gupta, Dhanesh K.. AU - Rahme, Rudy J.. AU - Eddleman, Christopher S.. AU - Adel, Joseph G.. AU - Sherma, Arun K.. AU - Surdell, Daniel L.. AU - Bebawy, John F.. AU - Koht, Antoun. AU - Batjer, H. Hunt. PY - 2011/10/1. Y1 - 2011/10/1. N2 - Background: Clip application for temporary occlusion is not always practical or feasible. Adenosine is an alternative that provides brief periods of flow arrest that can be used to advantage in aneurysm surgery, but little has been published on its utility for this indication. Objective: To report our 2-year consecutive experience with 40 aneurysms in 40 patients for whom we used adenosine to achieve temporary arterial occlusion during aneurysm surgery. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed our clinical database between May 2007 and December 2009. All patients who underwent microsurgical clipping of ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Fetal outcome of lupus pregnancy. T2 - A retrospective case-control study of the Hopkins Lupus Cohort. AU - Petri, Michelle. AU - Allbritton, Jill. PY - 1993/11. Y1 - 1993/11. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84907435016&partnerID=8YFLogxK. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84907435016&partnerID=8YFLogxK. M3 - Article. AN - SCOPUS:84907435016. VL - 48. SP - 717. EP - 719. JO - Obstetrical and Gynecological Survey. JF - Obstetrical and Gynecological Survey. SN - 0029-7828. IS - 11. ER - ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - A busy day effect on perinatal complications of delivery on weekends. T2 - A retrospective cohort study. AU - Snowden, Jonathan M.. AU - Kozhimannil, Katy Backes. AU - Muoto, Ifeoma. AU - Caughey, Aaron B.. AU - McConnell, K. John. N1 - Publisher Copyright: © 2017 Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. Copyright: Copyright 2017 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2017/1/1. Y1 - 2017/1/1. N2 - Objective To evaluate whether busy days on a labour and delivery unit are associated with maternal and neonatal complications of childbirth in California hospitals, accounting for weekday/weekend births. Design This is a population-based retrospective cohort study. Setting Linked vital statistics/patient discharge data for California births between 2009 and 2010 from the Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development. Participants All singleton, cephalic, non-anomalous California births between 2009 and 2010 (N=724 967). Main outcomes The key exposure was high daily ...
Surgical site infection (SSI) occurs in 3-10 % of patients with surgically treated tibial plateau fractures. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of SSI on patients outcome after fixation of tibial plateau fractures. We conducted a retrospective multicenter study in seven participating level I trauma centers between January 2005 and December 2014. All participating centers followed up with patients with SSI. In addition, three centers followed up with patients without SSI as a reference group. Descriptive data and follow-up data with patient-reported outcome scores (Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score [KOOS] and Lysholm knee scoring scale score) were evaluated. In summary, 287 patients (41 with SSI and 246 without SSI; average 50.7 years) with an average follow-up of 75.9 ± 35.9 months were included in this study. Patients with SSI had a significantly poorer overall KOOS (KOOS5) (48.7 ± 23.2 versus [vs.] 71.5 ± 23.5; p | 0.001) and Lysholm knee scoring scale score (51.4 ± 24.0 vs. 71.4
Dive into the research topics of Polypharmacy among patients with diabetes: A cross-sectional retrospective study in a tertiary hospital in Saudi Arabia. Together they form a unique fingerprint. ...
Considering the epidemiology of acromioclavicular (AC) dislocation related to young and active patients, the impact on working capacity is highly relevant. The purpose of this study was to determine the capacity of work and time to return to work (RTW) after AC joint stabilization. We hypothesized that manual working patients show more restrictions returning to work. In this retrospective case series, pre- and posttraumatic working capacity of 54 patients (FU-rate 80.1%, FU time 23, range 18-45 month) stabilized in single TightRope technique was analyzed. Clinical outcome (DASH, Constant-Murley score) and complications were evaluated in addition. Fifty one of 54 patients (94.5%) were returned to work at final follow-up. The median time to return was 13 (5-143) weeks. Manual working patients showed lower RTW-rates (91.2% vs. 100%; p = .151), longer RTW-time (15.5 vs. 6 weeks; p = .008), and more often persistent shoulder symptoms at work (55.9% vs. 5%; p | .001). After stabilization of AC joint
Background Subclinical hypothyroidism (SCHo) is a common biochemical diagnosis in older age. Evidence of impact is inconclusive and guidelines are inconsistent. With increasing numbers of thyroid function tests (TFTs) performed, GPs frequently have to make management decisions regarding this diagnosis. However, little is known about how SCHo is currently being managed in primary care. Aim To explore management of SCHo in primary care and GP reported rationale for treatment of SCHo in older individuals. Design Descriptive study using retrospective case note review and GP survey. Setting Nineteen General Practices, Central England, UK. Methods Follow-up of a large cohort with subsequent detailed review of individuals for whom therapy had been initiated following diagnosis of SCHo. Data on practice policies, and rationale behind treatment were collected via GP questionnaire. Results Forty-two individuals were treated following identification of SCHo. Factors regarded as supporting instigation of
SPU 2019 Abstracts: Renal ultrasound to evaluate for blunt renal trauma in children: a retrospective comparison to gold standard diagnostic test study
Graduates of Peking Union Medical College - the names, photos, skill, job, location. Information on the Peking Union Medical College - contacts, students, faculty, finances.
The objective of this study was to examine early and long-term results of surgical aortic valvotomy in neonates and infants aged less than four months and to identify predictors of outcome. Between August 1994 and April 2012, 83 consecutive patients younger than 4 months of age underwent open heart valvotomy for critical aortic stenosis in our institution. Median age was 17 days (range 0-111 days). We examined clinical records to establish determinants of outcome and illustrate long-term results. Fifty-six patients (67 %) were neonates. Associated cardiac malformations were found in 24 patients (29 %), including multilevel left heart obstruction in 5. The median follow-up was 4.2 years. The time-related survival rate was 87 and 85 % at 5 and 15 years, respectively. The time-related survival without reintervention was respectively 51, 35 and 18 % at 5, 10 and 15 years. The time-related survival without aortic valve replacement was respectively 67, 54 and 39 % at 5, 10 and 15 years. Ventricular
TY - JOUR. T1 - Focus on pediatric and adolescent varicocele: a single institution experience. AU - Cimador, Marcello. AU - Caruso, Anna Maria. AU - De Grazia, Enrico. AU - Sergio, Maria. AU - Pensabene, Marco. PY - 2012. Y1 - 2012. N2 - The aim of this study was to report our long-term diagnostic and surgical outcomeduring the last 18 years, in paediatric and adolescent management ofvaricocoele. The present retrospective study enrols 374 patients observed at ourinstitution between 1994 and 2011. Patients were divided into three groups:Group A includes 142 youngsters and adolescents treated with open surgery forleft varicocoele, in which a pre-operative CDUS was not performed; Group Bincludes 65 patients treated with open surgery in which a pre-operative CDUSevaluation was carried out, to assess varicocoele haemodynamic pattern andtesticular volume. Group C includes 167 patients treated by laparoscopy andwith pre-operative CDUS assessment. For all groups post-operative follow-upconsisted of CDUS ...
AS is a hereditary kidney disease caused due to mutation of a specific protein of the type IV collagen family constituting the basement membrane. The disease is accompanied by progressive renal failure, hearing loss, and ocular abnormalities, and its prevalence has been estimated at 1 in 5,000 people in the United States or Europe. AS accounts for 0.5% of adults and 12.9% of children among all patients with ESRD [7,8]. Most of the clinical symptoms in patients with AS manifest as recurrent gross hematuria and PMH before the age of 5 years. Proteinuria is uncommon at a young age, but it gradually increases with age [5,7,8]. In our study, the male-to-female ratio was 2:1, and 26 patients (78.8%) visited the hospital before the age of 18 years. At the first visit, recurrent gross hematuria was the most common initial symptom (57.6%). When the symptoms were divided into hematuria and proteinuria, hematuria was observed in all patients, whereas proteinuria was found in only 33.3% of the patients. ...
Two hundred seventy-five thousand maternal deaths, 2.7 million neonatal deaths, and 2.6 million stillbirths have been estimated in 2015 worldwide, almost all in low-income countries (LICs). Moreover, more than 20 million severe disabilities result from the complications of pregnancy, childbirth or its management each year. A significant decrease of mortality/morbidity rates could be achieved by providing effective perinatal and newborn care also in high-income countries (HICs), especially in peripheral hospitals and/or rural areas, where the number of childbirths per year is often under the minimal threshold recognized by the reference legislation. We report on a 2 years retrospective cohort study, conducted in a first level peripheral hospital in Cefalù, a small city in Sicily (Italy), to evaluate care provided and mortality/morbidity rates. The proposed goal is to improve the quality of care, and the services that peripheral centers can offer. We collected data from maternity and neonatal records,
Liu C-J1, Chuang W-L2, Lee C-M3, Yu M-L2, Lu S-N3, Dai C-Y2, Huang J-F2, Hu T-H3, Chen C-H3, Hung C-H3, Wang J-H3, Wu S-S4, Liao L-Y5, Kuo H-T6, Chao Y-C7, Tung S-Y8, Yang S-S9, Su W-W4, Lin C-L5, Kao J-H1, Liu C-H1, Chen P-J1, Chen D-S1 1National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan; 2Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; 3Chang Gung Memorial Hospital-Kaohsiung, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; 4Changhua Christian Hospital, Changhua, Taiwan; 5Taipei City Hospital, Ren-Ai Branch, Taipei, Taiwan. 6Chi Mei Medical Center, Tainan, Taiwan; 7Tri-Service General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; 8Chai-Yi Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chiayi, Taiwan; 9Cathay General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan Presented at the 60th Annual Meeting of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases 30 October - 3 November 2009, Boston, ...
Clinical laboratories frequently receive orders to perform additional tests on existing specimens (add-ons). Previous studies have examined add-on ordering patterns over short periods of time. The objective of this study was to analyze add-on ordering patterns over an extended time period. We also analyzed the impact of a robotic specimen archival/retrieval system on add-on testing procedure and manual effort. In this retrospective study at an academic medical center, electronic health records from were searched to obtain all add-on orders that were placed in the time period of May 2, 2009 to December 31, 2014. During the time period of retrospective study, 880,359 add-on tests were ordered on 96,244 different patients. Add-on testing comprised 3.3 % of total test volumes. There were 443,411 unique ordering instances, leading to an average of 1.99 add-on tests per instance. Some patients had multiple episodes of add-on test orders at different points in time, leading to an average of 9.15 add-on tests
Toxicologist Lin Chieh-liang (林杰樑) was hospitalized at Chang Gung Memorial Hospital in Linkou after fainting shortly after getting out of bed yesterday morning.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Comparison of long-term safety and efficacy of omalizumab in chronic urticaria. T2 - 9 year retrospective study. AU - Marcelino, J.. AU - Costa, A. C.. AU - Silva, P.. AU - Mendes, A.. AU - Alonso, E.. AU - Duarte, F.. AU - Aguiar, P.. AU - Pedro, E.. AU - Pereira Barbosa, M.. PY - 2016/8. Y1 - 2016/8. M3 - Meeting Abstract. VL - 71. SP - 558. EP - 558. JO - Allergy - European Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. JF - Allergy - European Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. SN - 0105-4538. IS - Suppl102. ER - ...
Excessive weight loss in newborns is associated with neonatal complications such as jaundice and dehydration, which cause renal failure, thrombosis, hypovolemic shock, and seizures. The identification of the risk factors for excessive weight loss will help to discover preventive measures. The aim of this study was to determine the factors associated with excessive weight loss, defined as weight loss of ≥10%, in breastfed full-term newborns in Japan. The present retrospective study, which was performed in a tertiary perinatal center accredited as a Baby-Friendly Hospital, included neonates who were born alive with a gestational age of ≥37 weeks. Cases of multiple births, admission to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), referral to another facility, or exclusive formula feeding were excluded. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to assess the association between maternal or neonatal characteristics and excessive weight loss. We studied 399 newborns, of whom 164 (41%) had
The prevalence of stroke in hospitalized nonrheumatic AF patients was high. The population-specific risk factors for stroke were age | or = 75 y, diabetes, history of hypertension, high systolic blood pressure and LA thrombi by transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). These merit further evaluatio …
Zika virus (ZIKV) has emerged as an important health problem worldwide. The aim of this study was to investigate the occurrence, geographical distribution and trend of immunoglobulin M (IgM) antibodies against ZIKV between 2009 and 2015 in Mozambique. The median age of participants was 3 years [interquartile range (IQR): 1.0-6.0 years)] and 56.5% (480/850) of them were male. Of the 850 samples, 42 (4.9%) were positive for IgM antibodies against ZIKV. Positive samples were found in 9 provinces of the country. Frequency of IgM antibodies against ZIKV was slightly higher in patients aged 5-9 years old, and in the north region of the country.
Objective: Air quality in Allegheny. County, Pennsylvania, has improved over the last decade, and we investigated whether the lower concentrations of fine Particulate matter (PM10) are still associated with adverse health outcomes. Methods: Daily cardiopulmonary hospital admissions in elderly residents of Allegheny County and countywide average PM10 measures were available from 1995 through 2000.
To examine the association between the use and timing of IFN-α2b and clinical outcomes, we analyzed in a retrospective multicenter cohort study of 446 COVID-19 patients in Hubei, China. Regression models estimated that early administration (≤5 days after admission) of IFN-α2b was associated with reduced in-hospital mortality in comparison with no admission of IFN-α2b, whereas late administration of IFN-α2b was associated with increased mortality. Among survivors, early IFN-α2b was not associated with hospital discharge or computed tomography (CT) scan improvement, whereas late IFN-α2b was associated with delayed recovery. Additionally, early IFN-α2b and umifenovir alone or together were associated with reduced mortality and accelerated recovery in comparison with treatment with lopinavir/ritonavir (LPV/r) alone. Administration of IFN-α2b during the early stage of COVID-19 could induce favorable clinical responses.. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Postoperative complications and 90-day mortality in radical cystectomy in high-risk patients: A monocentric retrospective observational study. AU - Simonato, Alchiede. AU - Pavone, Carlo. AU - Fontana, Dario. PY - 2018. Y1 - 2018. N2 - Aim: Assessing the incidence of immediate postoperative complications and 90-day mortality in high-risk patients who have undergone radical cystectomy; evaluating the correlation between preoperative conditions and surgery outcomes. Materials and methods: This is a monocentric retrospective observational study in which data of 65 patients have been analyzed.High-risk criteria: (a) Age ≥75 years, (b) obesity, (c) age-adjusted Charlson Comorbidity Index ≥8, (d) anemic status, and (e) pT ≥3. More than 50% of patients had two or more high-risk indicators. Postoperative complications were assessed through Clavien-Dindo classification.Results: Average age of patients was 70.4 years, average age-adjusted Charlson Comorbidity Index was 5.8, and ...
Background Peripheral nerve blocks are being used with increasing frequency for management of hip fracture-related pain. Despite converging evidence that nerve blocks may be beneficial, safety data are lacking. This study hypothesized that peripheral nerve block receipt would not be associated with adverse events potentially attributable to nerve blocks, as well as overall patient safety incidents while in hospital. Methods This was a preregistered, retrospective population-based cohort study using linked administrative data. This study identified all hip fracture admissions in people 50 yr of age or older and identified all nerve blocks (although we were unable to ascertain the specific anatomic location or type of block), potentially attributable adverse events (composite of seizures, fall-related injuries, cardiac arrest, nerve injury), and any patient safety events using validated codes. The study also estimated the unadjusted and adjusted association of nerve blocks with adverse events; ...
Poisoning in toddlers and infants is almost always unintentional due to their exploratory behavior, which is different from adults. The prevalence and background of childhood poisoning in Qatar is still unknown. The aim of this study is to explore the extent of childhood poisoning in Qatar and, specifically, to describe the frequency of poisoning as a cause of Accident & Emergency (A&E) admission, the demographic profile of affected patients, the circumstances leading to exposure, and the specific agents involved in poisoning among children under age 14 in our setting. This study was a cross-sectional survey of children up to 14 years old utilizing retrospective data between October 2009 and October 2012. The data were collected from the childhood poisoning case registry and patient medical records at the Accident and Emergency (A&E) Unit of all the Hamad Medical Corporation hospitals. Pharmacists reviewed all the handwritten medical records. Data written on the data collection form were transferred
T'Shaka, Oba (2012). "San Francisco State University, Africana Studies". African Studies Companion Online. 5 (7): 1-21. Upi ( ... Retrospective. Community center named after her Ella Hill Hutch at Find a Grave. ...
Retrospective study". Digestive Diseases and Sciences. 31 (1): 21-6. doi:10.1007/BF01347905. PMID 3940820. ONG, GB (February ... Chou, S. T.; Chan, C. W. (1980-07-01). "Recurrent pyogenic cholangitis: a necropsy study". Pathology. 12 (3): 415-428. doi: ... Miyake, H; Johnston, CG (1968). "Gallstones: ethnological studies". Digestion. 1 (4): 219-28. doi:10.1159/000196857. PMID ... 1962). "A study of recurrent pyogenic cholangitis". Archives of Surgery. 84 (2): 199-225. doi:10.1001/archsurg. ...
Retrospective Studies). 13 (1): 146-51. doi:10.3748/wjg.v13.i1.146. PMC 4065872. PMID 17206762. Vilppula A, Collin P, Mäki M, ... However, a 2020 study by the Leibniz-Institute for Food Systems Biology casts doubt on the idea that modern wheat has higher ... NCGS may be a late-onset condition: in a prospective study performed among adults of 18 to 80 years, the median age of disease ... Nevertheless, this study had design errors and an incorrect selection of participants, and probably the reintroduction of both ...
e-Study Guide for: East Asia: A Cultural, Social, and Political History Japan and the High Treason Incident edited by Masako ... "Retrospective" (PDF). Momaw. Retrieved 14 January 2014. Race, Ethnicity and Migration in Modern Japan: Imagined and imaginary ... Jun and Tomoe came to America to study art in 1939, leaving behind their son, Makoto Iwamatsu, who would grow up to be a ... Asian Studies. Retrieved 14 January 2014. From Kona to Yenan: The Political Memoirs of Koji Ariyoshi By Koji Ariyoshi Chapter ...
The results of Hokusai's perspectival studies in Manga can be seen here in The Great Wave where he uses what would have been ... Retrieved 9 July 2007; Archived 8 November 2002 at the Wayback Machine Rhodes, David (November 2011). "Hokusai Retrospective". ... He was soon expelled from the Katsukawa school by Shunkō, the chief disciple of Shunshō, possibly due to his studies at the ... The Journal of Japanese Studies. 33 (2): 521-525. doi:10.1353/jjs.2007.0048. ISSN 1549-4721. S2CID 143267375. Carelli, ...
A Manawatu-Wanganui Region Case Study" (PDF). Massey University Research Online. "National pavement conditions report 2015". " ... ". "Roads of National Significance - a success? A retrospective". TraNZport. 15 September 2020. Retrieved 19 September 2020. " ...
A Retrospective Study". Journal of Maxillofacial & Oral Surgery. 10 (3): 195-198. doi:10.1007/s12663-011-0229-6. ISSN 0972-8279 ... A controlled study". American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. 167 (1): 100-3. doi:10.1016/S0002-9378(11)91636-6. PMID ... A Randomized Double-Blind Active Placebo-Controlled Study: Pulsed Radiofrequency of Suprascapular Nerve". Pain Practice. 13 (2 ...
Gerstenfeld, Manfred (Fall 2010). "A Rich Retrospective". Jewish Political Studies Review. 22 (3/4): 137-140. JSTOR 25834909. ... Jewish Political Studies Review) said that a short review of the book was not justifiable. He wrote that readers who had a keen ...
The mammalian eIF4F complex was first described in 1983, and has been a major area of study into the molecular mechanisms of ... Merrick WC (October 2015). "eIF4F: a retrospective". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 290 (40): 24091-9. doi:10.1074/jbc. ... Fraser CS (July 2015). "Quantitative studies of mRNA recruitment to the eukaryotic ribosome". Biochimie. 114: 58-71. doi: ...
"Pueblo: A Retrospective", p. 9. Mobley. Flash Point North Korea, p. 68. Mobley,"Pueblo: A Retrospective," p.103. Francillon, ... Studies in Intelligence. Center for the Study of Intelligence. 59 (1): 3. Retrieved 13 June 2020. Hereafter referred to as: ... Studies in Intelligence. Center for the Study of Intelligence. 59 (1): 1-10. Retrieved 13 June 2020. Newton, Robert E. (1992 ... "Pueblo: A Retrospective" Mobley, Richard A. Flash Point North Korea: The Pueblo and EC-121 Crises. p. 78. Hereafter referred to ...
A retrospective study. Canadian Clobazam Cooperative Group". Epilepsia. 32 (3): 407-16. 1991. doi:10.1111/j.1528-1157.1991. ... Classic (non-anxioselective) benzodiazepines in animal studies have been shown to increase reward-seeking behaviours which may ... Freche C (April 1975). "[Study of an anxiolytic, clobazam, in otorhinolaryngology in psychosomatic pharyngeal manifestations ...
A retrospective study". BJOG. 120 (4): 428-434. doi:10.1111/1471-0528.12099. PMC 3621136. PMID 23210536. Hibbert, Katharine ( ... Sakuta, Tsutomu; Saito, Satoru (1981). "A socio-medical study on 71 cases of infanticide in Japan". The Keio Journal of ... A 1999 United States Department of Justice study concluded that between 1976 and 1997 in the United States, mothers were ... A number of studies have evaluated risk factors in infant homicide with the aim of preventing it. Anonymous delivery, a system ...
Based on a review of hundreds of usability studies, Sauro and Lewis proposed a curved grading scale for mean SUS scores. Brooke ... 1] Sauro, J. (2011). Measuring Usability with the System Usability Scale (SUS) [2] Brooke, J. (2013). SUS - a retrospective. ...
Intercollegiate Studies Institute. ISBN 1-882926-46-3 2000. Christ and science. Real View Books. 2001. Praying the Psalms, A ... A Centenary Retrospective. Edinburgh: Scottish Academis Press, and Macon, GA.: Mercer University Press. 1986. Chance or Reality ... Anselm in Rome (1950) and in physics from Fordham University (1958), where he studied under the Nobel laureate Victor Hess, the ... Archive of Stanley Jaki articles at Intercollegiate Studies Institute" "Brain, Mind and Computers". Stanely L. Jaki. JASA 24 ( ...
Tribune, International Herald (2015-07-16). "1940: Rome Reports Bombing Haifa". IHT Retrospective Blog. Retrieved 2019-05-05. " ... Middle Eastern Studies. 46 (3): 331-347. doi:10.1080/00263200903068565. ISSN 0026-3206. S2CID 144057558. "Shell and British ...
Clark, "Retrospective Self," 6 "The influence of Aristotelian thought on Clement of Alexandria : a study in philosophical ... Duke University renamed the Center for Late Ancient Studies (CLAS) as the Elizabeth A. Clark Center for Late Ancient Studies, " ... She founded the Center for Late Ancient Studies (CLAS) at Duke in 1986. At the time of her appointment in the College of Arts ... Clark expanded the study of early Christianity, pioneering the application of modern theories such as feminist theory, social ...
The Retrospective Methods Network Newsletter: 100-122.. *^ Honti, John Th. "Celtic Studies and European Folk-Tale Research". In ... The Aarne-Thompson-Uther Index (ATU Index) is a catalogue of folktale types used in folklore studies. The ATU Index is the ... However, the corpus of folktales[32] and the method used by this study[33] both imply that the results should be taken with ... A quantitative study, published by folklorist Sara Graça da Silva and anthropologist Jamshid J. Tehrani in 2016, tried to ...
"Is 27 really a dangerous age for famous musicians? A retrospective cohort study" (Press release). The BMJ. December 2011. ... Scientific studies. A study published in the British Medical Journal in December 2011 concluded that there was no increase in ... A retrospective cohort study". The BMJ ;343. doi:10.1136/bmj.d7799.. ... Statistical studies have failed to find any unusual pattern of musician deaths at this age, comparing it to equally small ...
A retrospective, observational study". Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. 53 (2): 193-8. doi:10.1067/mge.2001.112709. PMID 11174291. ... Other medications (hyoscine butylbromide, benzodiazepines and opioids) have been studied but the evidence is limited. ... a retrospective analysis of 139 cases". Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology. 40 (9): 784-9. doi:10.1097/01.mcg. ...
A multicenter retrospective study. [German] Fortschr Med 1989; 107: 599-602. Tromm A et al. The probiotic E. coli strain Nissle ... Two capsules daily started on day 5 Two clinical studies have shown efficacy in the case of chronic constipation. These include ... Results of a clinical study of the effectiveness and tolerance of microbiological therapy with the E. coli Nissle 1917 strain ( ... It has been clinically studied and reviewed for over 80 years to prevent and treat an assortment of gastrointestinal disorders ...
A retrospective cohort study]". Epidemiol Prev (in Italian). 36 (5 Suppl 4): 34-43. PMID 23139187. "Valle del Sacco: a poisoned ... Human studies show that exposure to beta-HCH is linked to Parkinson's and Alzheimer's disease. β-HCH was present in elevated ... Animal studies show that organochlorine pesticides, including beta-HCH, are neurotoxic, cause oxidative stress, and damage the ... A study was therefore undertaken to evaluate the extent and risk factors for contamination. α-Hexachlorocyclohexane ...
A year retrospective study. Niger J Clin Pract 14(3): 332-337. Obaseki, D.E.; Omuemu, C.E. (2011) Clinicopathological features ... A twenty-year retrospective study. Anns Trop Pathol 2(1): 23-28. Obaseki, D.E.; Olu-Eddo, A.N. (2011). Impact of the ... A 5-year retrospective study". Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice. 14 (3): 332-7. doi:10.4103/1119-3077.86779. ISSN 1119- ... Adaikpoh, M.A.; Adaikpoh, I.B.; Onwukaeme, D.N.; Orhue, N.E.J.; Obaseki, D.E. (2013). Histological and gravimetric studies on ...
A retrospective neuropsychological study". Acta Neurologica Scandinavica. 83: 9-13. doi:10.1111/j.1600-0404.1991.tb03952.x. ... Studies have reported that the average number of taps per 10-second interval can be used to distinguish between patients with ...
He studied at University College Dublin.[citation needed] In his early career he was play editor at the Abbey Theatre, Dublin. ... The Moon and the Yellow River : Denis Johnson's Shavianism., Denis Johnson : A Retrospective. Joseph Ronsley Ed. Irish Literary ... Irish Literary Studies 9. Ed. Peter Connolly. Gerrards Cross: Colin Smythe, 1982. 175-87. The Anglo-Irish., The Irish Times. 7 ... Kilroy, Thomas (1958). "Mervyn Wall: The Demands of Satire". Studies: An Irish Quarterly Review. 47 (185): 83-89. JSTOR ...
A retrospective immunohistochemical study". Human Pathology. 85: 228-234. doi:10.1016/j.humpath.2018.11.006. PMID 30502378. ... Other studies suggest hereditary, neurodegenerative, genetic and infective contributions. Due to the similarity of symptoms, ... Because of its sensitivity, manometry (esophageal motility study) is considered the key test for establishing the diagnosis. A ... Diagnosis is reached with esophageal manometry and barium swallow radiographic studies. Various treatments are available, ...
Chaudhry, S.; Sangani, B.; Ojwang, S.B.; Khan, K.S. (March 1995). "Retrospective study of alleged sexual assault at the Aga ... A retrospective cohort study". Canadian Medical Association Journal. 160 (11): 1565-1569. PMC 1230360. PMID 10373997. ... However, a study of women attending a hospital in Nairobi, Kenya, following rape, has highlighted the fact that in many ... For instance, one study found that documented physical injury, particularly of the moderate to severe type, was associated with ...
A retrospective Italian study". J. Neurol. 255 (2): 171-7. doi:10.1007/s00415-008-0589-0. PMID 18293027. S2CID 22436880. ... Sanghavi SN, Needle MN, Krailo MD, Geyer JR, Ater J, Mehta MP (January 2003). "A phase I study of topotecan as a ... S2CID 35199651.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)) Children's Hospital Los Angeles: Pilot Study,Predicting response ... Imaging Study,Impact of steroids on metabolism of tumours (animal research) DIPG Registry: Diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma ...
A retrospective observational study". BMC Infectious Diseases. 11 (1): 289. doi:10.1186/1471-2334-11-289. ISSN 1471-2334. PMC ...
Retrospective population-based study". Canadian Journal of Public Health. 95 (6): 441-445. doi:10.1007/BF03403990. PMC 6975915 ... Beland, Frederick A. "NTP Technical Report on the Toxicity and Metabolism Studies of Chloral Hydrate" (PDF). Toxicity Report ... Chloral hydrate was also a significant object of study in various early pharmacological experiments. In 1875, Claude Bernard ... A drug study]. Berlin: Müller. "Chloral Hydrate". Drug Enforcement Administration. Archived from the original on 11 May 2012. ...
Retrospective analysis has given an indication that the use of total cranial vault remodelling provides children with a better ... Lajeunie E, Le Merrer M, Bonaïti-Pellie C, Marchac D, Renier D (March 1996). "Genetic study of scaphocephaly". American Journal ... Some evidence for this statement has been provided by studies using computed tomographic (CT) scans and magnetic resonance ...
... a meta-analysis of retrospective cohort studies". Chinese Medical Journal. 125 (23): 4301-6. PMID 23217404.. ... Update to a position statement of the American Diabetes Association and the European Association for the Study of Diabetes". ... a meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies". Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice. 89 (3): 309-19. doi:10.1016/j.diabres. ... systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013". BMJ. 354: i3857. doi:10.1136/ ...
The study also found that magpies in Korea (described as P. p. serica) are as different from the nominate subspecies as they ... Retrospective investigation of trends in population density and breeding success". Journal of Applied Ecology. 28 (3): 1068- ... However, one recent research study has cast doubt on the veracity of this belief.[53][54] In Bulgarian, Czech, German, ... These results imply that the species Pica pica is not monophyletic.[15] A more recent study using both mitochondrial and ...
For CNS diseases, rituximab could be administered intrathecally and this possibility is under study.[52] ... "Treatment of neuromyelitis optica with rituximab: retrospective analysis of 25 patients". Arch Neurol. 65 (11): 1443-1448. doi ... according to a 2006 study),[22] type 1 diabetes mellitus, Sjogren's syndrome, anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis and Devic's ...
"One million haemopoietic stem-cell transplants: a retrospective observational study". Lancet Haematol. 2015 Mar 2(3): e91-100. ... A study involving 2408 donors (18-60 years) indicated that bone pain (primarily back and hips) as a result of filgrastim ... A study that surveyed 2408 donors found that serious adverse events (requiring prolonged hospitalization) occurred in 15 donors ... 1987). "A new method of classifying prognostic comorbidity in longitudinal studies: development and validation". J Chronic Dis ...
One study looked at 13.000 women who had become pregnant even though they did not want to. The study found that having an ... "Parity is a major determinant of success rate in medical abortion: a retrospective analysis of 3161 consecutive cases of early ... In 1998, a study was done in 27 countries. This study wanted to find the reasons, why women wanted to end their pregnancy. It ... The study analyzed data from dozens of medical reports and other studies. The researchers concluded that fetuses are unlikely ...
Kriston, Levente (2009). "Challenges in Reporting Meta-analyses of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies". Annals of Internal Medicine. ... "Treatment of neuromyelitis optica with rituximab: retrospective analysis of 25 patients". Arch Neurol. 65 (11): 1443-1448. doi ... For CNS diseases, rituximab could be administered intrathecally and this possibility is under study.[54] ... according to a 2006 study),[22] type 1 diabetes mellitus, Sjogren's syndrome, anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis and Devic's ...
Moral Man and Immoral Society: A Study of Ethics and Politics, Charles Scribner's Sons (1932), Westminster John Knox Press 2002 ... Martin E. Marty, "Reinhold Niebuhr and the Irony of American History: A Retrospective", History Teacher 1993 26(2): 161-174. ... Niebuhr attended Elmhurst College in Illinois and graduated in 1910.[22] He studied at Eden Theological Seminary in Webster ... She met Niebuhr while studying for her master's degree at Union Theological Seminary. For many years, she was on faculty at ...
Dymond NL, Swift IM (June 2008). "Permethrin toxicity in cats: a retrospective study of 20 cases". Aust Vet J. 86 (6): 219-23. ... The early European studies of what is now known as Lyme disease described its skin manifestations. The first study dates to ... The evolutionary history of Borrelia burgdorferi genetics has been the subject of recent studies. One study has found that ... Immunological studies[edit]. Exposure to the Borrelia bacterium during Lyme disease possibly causes a long-lived and damaging ...
Borge, K. S.; Tønnessen, R.; Nødtvedt, A.; Indrebø, A. (2011). "Litter size at birth in purebred dogs-A retrospective study of ... Tønnessen, R.; Borge, K. S.; Nødtvedt, A.; Indrebø, A. (2012). "Canine perinatal mortality: A cohort study of 224 breeds". ...
Wethey, Harold E. (1984). "El Greco in Rome and the Portrait of Vincenzo Anastagi". Studies in the History of Art. 13: 171-178. ... "Revelations-The first Major British Retrospective of El Greco Has the Power of a Hand Grenade". The Guardian. London ... Brown Jonathan, Kagan Richard L. (1982). "View of Toledo". Studies in the History of Art. 11: 19-30.. ... In addition to painting, he probably studied the classics of ancient Greece, and perhaps the Latin classics also; he left a " ...
... a retrospective, matched cohort study". Br J Clin Pharmacol. doi:10.1111/bcp.13152. PMID 27735065.. ... Study of the specificity". Journal of Steroid Biochemistry. 7 (5): 335-343. doi:10.1016/0022-4731(76)90092-3. ISSN 0022-4731.. ... a study found that treatment with a relatively low dosage of 20 μg/day ethinylestradiol for 5 weeks increased circulating SHBG ... Flutamide has also been studied extensively for such uses, but has fallen out of favor due to its association with ...
Retrospective[edit]. In recent years, Yellow has received some reappraisal, thanks in part to Gary Giddins, who authored the ... Alone in a cabin in the woods, she attempts an ascetic lifestyle, meditating, studying nonviolence and practicing yoga. Bill ...
A study on seed beetles found that intralocus sexual conflict arises when selection for certain alleles of a gene that are ... "One Hundred Years of Pleiotropy: A Retrospective". Genetics. 186 (3): 767-773. doi:10.1534/genetics.110.122549. PMC 2975297 ... The studies on fungal evolutionary genomics will further elucidate the earliest stages of divergence as a result of gene flow, ... After Plate's definition, Hans Gruneberg was the first to study the mechanisms of pleiotropy.[3] In 1938 Gruneberg published an ...
Cho WC, Nam OH, Kim MS, Lee HS, Choi SC (May 2018). "A retrospective study of traumatic dental injuries in primary dentition: ... A retrospective study in a dental trauma department". Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry. 8 (4): e429-e436. doi: ... a retrospective clinical study". Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontics. 112 (6): e75-80 ... a clinical non-radiographic study". Dental Traumatology. 26 (5): 403-8. doi:10.1111/j.1600-9657.2010.00920.x. PMID 20831636.. ...
Thus, it is on the one side, the study of wealth and on the other and more important side, a part of the study of man.[26] ... Backhouse, Roger E.; Medema, Steven (Winter 2009). "Retrospectives: On the Definition of Economics". Journal of Economic ... Economics (/ɛkəˈnɒmɪks, iːkə-/)[1][2][3] is the social science that studies how people interact with value; in particular, the ... Study resources. *. Anderson, David; Ray, Margaret (2019). Krugman's Economics for the AP Course (3rd ed.). New York: BFW. ISBN ...
Womack, Kenneth; Davis, Todd F. (2012). Reading the Beatles: Cultural Studies, Literary Criticism, and the Fab Four. SUNY Press ... a retrospective of the Beatles' career, earned two MTV Music Video Awards nominations in 1988.[159] Recorded at his estate in ... Harrison studied the instrument until 1968, when, following a discussion with Shankar about the need to find his "roots", an ... he studied sitar with Ravi Shankar, met several gurus, and visited various holy places.[352] In 1968 he travelled to Rishikesh ...
In March 2016, right-wing German writer Michael Stürmer wrote a retrospective pro-Powell piece in Die Welt, opining that nobody ... "Revisiting the 'Rivers of Blood' Controversy: Letters to Enoch Powell". Journal of British Studies 48#3 (2009): 717-735. ...
52] ^ The Osaka Maternal and Child Health Study *^ a b c Appleby, Louis, Rachel Warner, Brian Faragher, and Anna Whitton. «A ... april 2006). «Risk Factors for Postpartum Depression: A Retrospective Investigation at 4-Weeks Postnatal and a Review of the ... "The long-term impact of postnatal depressed mood on mothers + child interaction: a preliminary study." Journal of Reproductive ... Controlled Study of Fluoxetine and Cognitive-Behavioural Counseling in the Treatment of Postnatal Depression». British Medical ...
Brighton, Portland: Sussex Academic Press (Jaffee Centre for Strategic Studies), pp.29-30 ... A Life in Retrospect: Yasser Arafat Time magazine retrospective. *Biography of Yasser Arafat The Nobel e-Museum ...
A study[clarification needed] of postoperative men showed that on average, 25% had one or more serious complications of the ... "A Retrospective Evaluation of the Safety and Effectiveness of a Silicone Block Implant for Elective Cosmetic Surgery of the ... In the same study, chances of complications of the extended urethra were higher, averaging 55%. The most common complications ... Of the rabbits used in the preliminary studies, 8 of 12 had biological responses to sexual stimuli that was similar to the ...
The 2010 retrospective case-control study found that twins to singleton reduction produced no statistically significant ...
"Kienholz: A Retrospective". goodreads.com. Retrieved 2011-07-29.. - Capsule review of the definitive catalog of Kienholz ... He studied art at Eastern Washington College of Education and, briefly, at Whitworth College in Spokane, but did not receive ... Retrospectives of Kienholz's work have been infrequent, due to the difficulty and expense of assembling fragile, literally room ... Catalog of definitive retrospective (posthumous) exhibition at the Whitney Museum of American Art ...
Study and analysis of these remains were documented as the oldest skeletal evidence for leprosy. The scholars who studied these ... Scholars acknowledge that it is difficult to make retrospective diagnoses of leprosy from symptoms described in ancient ... Despite these difficulties, a series of 170 patients were studied in 1916 by Ralph Hopkins, the attending physician at the ... Geneticists in 2005 used comparative genomics to study these aspects, including the paths of how the disease was spread ...
After studying them for a triumphal[A] retrospective paper on Gage,[6] Harlow redeposited the iron-this time with Gage's skull- ... was the first study to account for the hairline fracture running from behind the exit region down the front of Gage's skull, as ... M]any modern commentators exaggerate the extent of Gage's personality change, perhaps engaging in a kind of retrospective ... and obtained his skull for study after his death, in later life. Harlow's interest in phrenology prepared him to accept that ...
Soccer was identified as a possible risk factor for ALS in a retrospective cohort study of 24,000 Italian soccer players who ... A 2012 retrospective cohort study of 3,439 former NFL players found that their risk of dying from neurodegenerative causes was ... A 2016 review found the evidence inconclusive and noted that differences in study design make it difficult to compare studies, ... One study found that NIV is ineffective for people with poor bulbar function[96] while another suggested that it may provide a ...
A Retrospective Cohort Study of Efficacy and Safety". Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine. 33 (2): 337-341. doi:10.7863/ultra. ... A1998 study revealed that in 1987 to 1988, women reported the following as their primary reasons for choosing an abortion:[88][ ... The study indicated a long-term decline in the abortion rate. The rate has dropped significantly from its all-time high in 1981 ... A 2004 study by the Guttmacher Institute reported that women listed the following amongst their reasons for choosing to have an ...
Retrospective and prospective studies. Acta Paediatrica Scandinavica Suppl. 1979, 275: 112-21. PMID 291283.. ... Goddard, H.H. (1912). The Kallikak Family: A Study in the Heredity of Feeble-Mindedness. New York: Macmillan. ... Committee to Study Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, Division of Biobehavioral Sciences and Mental Disorders, Institute of Medicine. ... Strömland K, Pinazo-Durán M. Ophthalmic involvement in the fetal alcohol syndrome: clinical and animal model studies. Alcohol ...
No pre-research literature review. Studying the literature of the area under study gives preconceptions about what to find and ... as juxtaposed with purposeful discovery by experiment or retrospective prophecy). ... A study using grounded theory is likely to begin with a question, or even just with the collection of qualitative data. As ... A relevant study deals with the real concern of participants, evokes "grab" (captures the attention) and is not only of ...
Yacobi S; Ornoy A (2008). "Is lithium a real teratogen? What can we conclude from the prospective versus retrospective studies ... Study finds resource constraints should not be a limiting factor for large-scale EV battery production. Green Car Congress. 17 ... microanalytic study using secondary ion emission". Comptes rendus de l'Academie des sciences. Serie III, Sciences de la vie 299 ... University of Southampton, Mountbatten Centre for International Studies, Nuclear History Working Paper No5. (engelsk) ...
Retrospective Studies Br Med J 1967; 2 :312 doi:10.1136/bmj.2.5547.312-c ... Retrospective Studies. Br Med J 1967; 2 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.2.5547.312-c (Published 29 April 1967) Cite this as: ...
Mortality in young offenders: retrospective cohort study. BMJ 2003; 327 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.327.7428.1381 ( ...
Chromosomal Aberrations in Primary Amenorrhea: A Retrospective Study.. Korgaonkar S1, Dhangar S1, Kulkarni V1, Kerketta L1, ... Study Design: The study was carried out in a large cohort of PA. The chromosomal aberrations were correlated with secondary ... The present study concluded that cytogenetics plays an important role in precise diagnosis which helps in the management of PA ... A high frequency of abnormal uterus (81.9%) and ovaries (86.7%) were detected in our study. A total of 121 (24.7%) cases were ...
We conducted a retrospective cohort study of infants , 29 weeks gestation, admitted to neonatal intensive care units ... Study design. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of infants , 29 weeks gestation, admitted to neonatal intensive care ... Singh, B., Shah, P.S., Afifi, J. et al. Probiotics for preterm infants: A National Retrospective Cohort Study. J Perinatol 39, ... Probiotics for preterm infants: A National Retrospective Cohort Study. *Balpreet Singh. 1, ...
A Checklist for Retrospective Database Studies Published Mar 2003. Citation. Motheral B, Brooks J, Clark MA, et al. A checklist ... Intermediate Retrospective Observational Study - Propensity Scoring Methods * Use of Public Survey Data in Health Outcomes ... In an effort to assist decision makers in evaluating the quality of published studies that use healthrelated retrospective ... the study methodology, and the study conclusions. Checklist questions cover a wide range of issues, including relevance, ...
A retrospective review of post-delivery antibody records was performed at a teaching hospital and a community hospital to ... A retrospective study to determine the risk of red cell alloimmunization and transfusion during pregnancy. *Heddle N ... Heddle, N. M., Frassetto, R., OHoski, P., & Leaman, B. (1993). A retrospective study to determine the risk of red cell ... A retrospective review of post-delivery antibody records was performed at a teaching hospital and a community hospital to ...
A retrospective cohort study. Study Purpose. The purpose of this study was to determine whether residential exposures of ... What Was Studied. The study evaluated specific causes of death in 154,932 Marines and Navy personnel who began service during ... Features of this Study. The study included a comparison population from Camp Pendleton that was similar to the Camp Lejeune ... The study included all underlying causes of death that other studies have shown associations with one or more of the chemicals ...
A retrospective study of silicone stent placement for management of anastomotic airway complications in lung transplant ... The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of silicone stents for such an indication ...
This is a retrospective study of patients diagnosed with IBD. 1006 charts were screened and 654 patients met the inclusion ... There are some limitations to this study. This study was retrospective. We were unable to evaluate the severity of CDI due to ... Clostridium difficile in Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Retrospective Study. William Gillespie. ,1 Neil Marya. ,2 Julien Fahed. ... This was a retrospective study. The medical records of 1006 patients who carried the ICD 9 code for IBD (ICD-9: 555.x and 556.x ...
... and clinical studies covering a wide range of subjects in life sciences and medicine. The journal is divided into 55 subject- ... Clinical Study Laryngeal Neuroendocrine Carcinomas: A Retrospective Study of 14 Cases. Yingying Zhu,1 Liming Gao,1 Yunxiao Meng ... Yingying Zhu, Liming Gao, Yunxiao Meng, et al., "Laryngeal Neuroendocrine Carcinomas: A Retrospective Study of 14 Cases," ...
They are especially appropriate to study rare exposures or exposures for which randomization is not possible for practical or ... Cohort studies form a suitable study design to assess associations between multiple exposures on the one hand and multiple ... Cohort studies: prospective versus retrospective Nephron Clin Pract. 2009;113(3):c214-7. doi: 10.1159/000235241. Epub 2009 Aug ... Prospective and retrospective cohort studies have higher accuracy and higher efficiency as their respective main advantages. In ...
German Studies Curates Retrospective Special Collections Exhibit on the Bauhaus The Staatliches Bauhaus, an art school founded ... Home/Newsroom/German Studies Curates Retrospective Special Collections Exhibit on the Bauhaus ... Curated by German studies students Scott Stewart-Rowdan BA 20 and Jack Hanning BA 21 and Professor of German Studies Therese ... A bauhaus-inspired chess set is one of the pieces on display at the new special collections retrospective exhibit. ...
The National Code on Clinical Trials has declared that ethics approval is not necessary for retrospective studies. ... The study, however, is limited by absence of a control group and use of multiple therapeutic interventions in treatment groups ... Recently, experimental studies highlight the potential role of complement in STEC-HUS pathophysiology. Eculizumab (EC), a ... On behalf of the French Society of Pediatric Nephrology, we retrospectively studied 33 children from 15 centers treated with EC ...
Retrospective Femoral Nerve Block Study. The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study ... Study Description Study Design Groups and Cohorts Outcome Measures Eligibility Criteria Contacts and Locations More Information ... Study Description Study Design Groups and Cohorts Outcome Measures Eligibility Criteria Contacts and Locations More Information ... Study Description Study Design Groups and Cohorts Outcome Measures Eligibility Criteria Contacts and Locations More Information ...
This retrospective cohort study was conducted to predict the onset of CSS and facilitate diagnosis in the early phase of the ... A retrospective study of bronchial hyperresponsiveness in patients with asthma before the onset of Churg-Strauss syndrome ...
Vietnam Era Health Retrospective Observational study on the health and well-being of Vietnam Veterans, Blue Water Navy Veterans ... Vietnam Era Health Retrospective Observational Study The Vietnam Era Health Retrospective Observational Study (VE-HEROeS) is a ... VA » Health Care » Public Health » Epidemiology » Vietnam Era Health Retrospective Observational Study ... Because each selected individual represents other comparable people, we were not able to accept volunteers for this study. ...
... jointly sponsored by the RAND Center for Asia-Pacific Policy and the Taiwan-based Chinese Council for Advanced Policy Studies. ... A Retrospective on the Study of Chinese Civil-Military Relations Since 1979: What Have We Learned? Where Do We Go? ... Mulvenon, James C. and Andrew N. D. Yang, eds., Seeking Truth From Facts: A Retrospective on Chinese Military Studies in the ... Mulvenon, James C. and Andrew N. D. Yang, eds., Seeking Truth From Facts: A Retrospective on Chinese Military Studies in the ...
Study Design and Setting. The participating clinicians, sites, and patients in this retrospective cohort study were part of the ... A Retrospective Cohort Study. David C. Kaelber, Weiwei Liu, Michelle Ross, A. Russell Localio, Janeen B. Leon, Wilson D. Pace, ... METHODS: Retrospective cohort study aggregating electronic health record data on ,1.2 million pediatric patients from 196 ... Diagnosis and Medication Treatment of Pediatric Hypertension: A Retrospective Cohort Study Message Subject (Your Name) has sent ...
Chinese medicine for outcomes in colorectal cancer patients: A retrospective clinical study. ... Luo L, Yang Y, Li P. Cohort study on the effect of Fuzheng Capsules and Quxie Capsules on the replapse and metastasis of the ... Author Contributions Zhang SF, Lin FX, Tian LF conceived and designed the study; Tian LF, Lei CY, Ding CC, Shi L collected ... Guan J, Yang Y. Cohort study on the effect of a combined treatment of traditional Chinese medicine and Western medicine on the ...
A population-based retrospective cohort study comparing care for Western Australians with and without Alzheimers disease in ... Our study investigated health service use for people in the last year of life, comparing those who died with and without ... Affiliations: 1: School of Occupational Therapy, Curtin University of Technology, 2: School of Social and Cultural Studies, The ... Using a population-based retrospective cohort design, and utilizing the Western Australian Data Linkage System for the period ...
Sharon R. Silver, MS, Division of Surveillance, Hazard Assessment and Field Studies, National Institute for Occupational Safety ...
The retrospective study carried out at Karolinska University Hospital in Sweden describes the clinical outcome of 50 patients ... Retrospective Study Featuring OSSDSIGN Cranial Published in World Neurosurgery. Monday, October 29, 2018 General News ... implants for cranial and facial reconstruction, today announced positive results from a retrospective study of OSSDSIGN Cranial ... www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/retrospective-study-featuring-ossdsign-cranial-published-in-world-neurosurgery-300739126.html ...
... J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2018 Aug;31(16):2105-2108. doi: 10.1080/ ... Materials and methods: A retrospective observational case control study was conducted over five years. Castor oil was proposed ... Purpose: The aim of this study is to investigate the safety and efficacy of castor oil to induce labour. ...
A retrospective study on severity analysis of Indian coal mines accidents for 100 years was done considering fatal and serious ... Severity analysis of Indian coal mine accidents - A retrospective study for 100 years. ... The study enabled the evaluation of the current safety level of Indian coal mines, as well as the scope of safety improvements. ... The impact of recommendations based on safety conferences and committees over the years was studied. An event evaluation ...
The primary objective of this retrospective study was to analyze the prevalence and phenomenon of neonaticide in Switzerland. ... Prevalence and phenomenology of neonaticide in Switzerland 1980-2010: a retrospective study.. Krüger P. ... Although several recent studies have examined neonaticide in different countries and cultures, there has been no in-depth ...
Congenital hip disease in a Cree-Ojibwa population: a retrospective study Message Subject (Your Name) has sent you a message ... Congenital hip disease in a Cree-Ojibwa population: a retrospective study. J. M. Walker ...
Currently, few studies show the relative distribution of Leishmania species related to cutaneous Leishmaniasis (CL) in South ... Herein, we conducted the first retrospective study in Colombia (including 22 departments) using Cytb barcoding, finding the ... Taxonomy, diversity, temporal and geographical distribution of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Colombia: A retrospective study. * ... Taxonomy, diversity, temporal and geographical distribution of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Colombia: A retrospective study ...
1989). Retrospective Study of Temperature Rhythms of Intensive-Care Patients. Critical Care Medicine, 17(11), 1159-1165. ...
Study design and setting A retrospective death registry-based study that examined a stratified random sample of death ... Accuracy of mortality statistics in Palestine: a retrospective cohort study. Massad, Salwa Palestinian Natl Inst Publ Hlth, Res ...
A retrospective study was conducted to identify the occurrence and types of ocular disorders in 57 Amazon parrots admitted to ... 2000). A study conducted in birds with poxvirus, observed that 46% of the Amazon parrots and pionus parrots presented post- ... The aim of this study was to report the occurrence of ocular disorders in Amazon parrots attended at the Ophthalmology Service ... 1994). Another study successfully recorded electroretinographic respon-ses from six healthy Hispaniolan Amazon parrots (Amazona ...
  • Methods: In an effort to assist decision makers in evaluating the quality of published studies that use healthrelated retrospective databases, a checklist was developed that focuses on issues that are unique to database studies or are particularly problematic in database research. (ispor.org)
  • Materials and methods: It was a retrospective study, including 66 patients affected by celiac disease, between 3 and 15 years of age, and a control group of 50 children of the same age. (scirp.org)
  • METHODS : A retrospective, descriptive study of 176 injured cases that met the terrorist attacks was conducted. (bioportfolio.com)
  • METHODS: The study comprised 97 eyes in 72 patients. (arctichealth.org)
  • METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of 376 patients was made, including a detailed screening of 237 patients treated in 1989. (arctichealth.org)
  • RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS With the use of public health insurance databases of Belgium and the Lombardy Region, Italy, we created two retrospective cohorts that included adult patients who were first prescribed an incretin drug or another noninsulin antidiabetic drug (NIAD) from 1 July 2008 to 31 December 2013 in Belgium and from 1 January 2008 to 31 December 2012 in the Lombardy Region. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • We commend Milner and colleagues on their most important and timely study, which investigated the age-standardised rates and methods of suicide by health professionals compared with other occupational groups. (mja.com.au)
  • Methods: A retrospective study was carried out over a 5-year period to determine the associated factors for early discontinuation of the IUD. (who.int)
  • METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of cancer patients who were admitted to Kyoto University Hospital and referred to the Palliative Care Team. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Methods: Hospitalized COVID-19 pneumonia patients with definitive clinical outcome (cured or died) were retrospectively studied. (ssrn.com)
  • Methods: We did a retrospective cohort study using data from the electronic clinical records from Cambridge and Peterborough NHS Foundation Trust (CPFT), UK (catchment area population ~ 0.86 million). (ssrn.com)
  • METHODS: Retrospective analysis of prospectively documented data with 234 participants, and recording and analysis of chest compression variables before and after a BLS training course. (smw.ch)
  • Methods: We studied a cohort of 187 breast cancer pts who developed mts CNS limited to the brain and were treated at our centre from 1997 to 2007. (muni.cz)
  • A retrospective diagnosis (also retrodiagnosis or posthumous diagnosis) is the practice of identifying an illness after the death of the patient (sometimes in a historical figure) using modern knowledge, methods and disease classifications. (wikipedia.org)
  • ABSTRACT We performed a retrospective study to determine annual clinical incidence of human cystic echinococcosis (CE) in 14 Egyptian hospitals between January 1997 and December 1999. (who.int)
  • This is a retrospective study of patients diagnosed with IBD. (hindawi.com)
  • This study seeks to further characterize the epidemiology and risk factors for C. difficile infections in IBD patients. (hindawi.com)
  • This is a retrospective review to evaluate the efficacy of femoral nerve block in providing analgesia following reconstructive surgery of the knee and to compare the postoperative course of patients who received femoral nerve block with a retrospective cohort who were cared for prior to the institution of a regional anesthesia program. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • No studies show whether guideline-based medication treatment is initiated for pediatric patients with hypertension or how antihypertensive medications are used among these patients. (aappublications.org)
  • This study confirms widespread underdiagnosis of pediatric hypertension and prehypertension among 400 000 pediatric patients seen in primary care settings across the United States. (aappublications.org)
  • Guan J, Yang Y. Cohort study on the effect of a combined treatment of traditional Chinese medicine and Western medicine on the replapse and metastasis of 222 patients with stage II and III colorectal cancer after radical operation. (springer.com)
  • 1989). Retrospective Study of Temperature Rhythms of Intensive-Care Patients. (rti.org)
  • Study design and setting A retrospective death registry-based study that examined a stratified random sample of death notification forms (DNFs) of patients who died in hospitals in Palestine was reported in 2012. (diva-portal.org)
  • Monocentric Retrospective Observational Study Describing the Visual Acuity of Patients With Exudative Age Related Macular Degeneration and Treated by Lucentis® Under Real Conditions of Care. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Main Objective: The main objective of this retrospective observational study was to describe the evolution of visual acuity measured on ETDRS (Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study) scale, for patients with exudative Age-Related Macular Degeneration (ARMD), treated with Lucentis, under real conditions of care, in terms of mean change of the Best Corrected Visual Acuity (BCVA), measured at 24 months (± 4 weeks). (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Moreover, authors also studied the immunologic response to vaccines in celiac children comparing patients whose diagnosis was made before 18 months of age with those whose disease was diagnosed after 18 months of age. (scirp.org)
  • Our study is a retrospective study in which authors wanted to valuate the antibody response to obligatory and recommended vaccines in a paediatric population of patients affected by celiac disease, 95% of them characterised by a DQ2 haplotype. (scirp.org)
  • It was a retrospective study, including 66 patients affected by celiac disease, 27 males e 39 females, between 3 and 15 years of age, (medium age: 8.34 years ± 3.47 DS), followed up in the Pediatric Department of the University of Catania. (scirp.org)
  • The goal of this clinical research study is to learn about the effects of combining physical activity with fish oil to treat fatigue in patients with advanced colorectal cancer receiving r. (bioportfolio.com)
  • This is a clinical study that is designed to study the effects of the supplemental intake of enriched omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (fish oil) in patients with moderate to severe ast. (bioportfolio.com)
  • A retrospective study of acute pancreatitis in patients with hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome. (ebscohost.com)
  • Patients with hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) have an increased risk for long-term opioid use, according to a study published online Sept. 11 in JAMA Dermatology. (medicalxpress.com)
  • A study led by the University of Birmingham provides strong support for current recommendations on treating patients with an underactive thyroid and validates latest UK and US guidelines, say researchers. (medicalxpress.com)
  • A hiatal hernia was identified in 68% of patients undergoing RN on either UGI study or EGD compared to 88% in the LN cohort. (sages.org)
  • To assess the survival and the predictors of mortality in patients with severe cervical spinal cord injuries DESIGN: Retrospective study PARTICIPANTS: From January 1, 2010 to May 31, 2018, 222 patient. (bioportfolio.com)
  • A retrospective morbidity and mortality study, using routinely collected data, investigating the epidemiology of patients with conflict-related injuries presenting to a dedicated trauma ho. (bioportfolio.com)
  • We have evaluated the administration of citicoline in geriatric patients following a protocol of intravenous study on improvement of individual performances. (dovepress.com)
  • The retrospective study carried out at Karolinska University Hospital in Sweden describes the clinical outcome of 50 patients who underwent cranioplasty with a total of 53 OSSDSIGN® Cranial implants. (pharmiweb.com)
  • Portal Vein Thrombosis in Adult Omani Patients: A Retrospective Cohort Study. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Basic investigations, such as complete blood count, serum electrolytes, renal and liver function tests, coagulation studies, blood sugar levels, and chest radiographs were recorded for all 39 patients. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • LONDON , Feb. 6, 2018 /PRNewswire/ -- A real-world study in more than 18,000 patients has demonstrated superior asthma control with the AeroChamber Plus* Flow-Vu* Anti-Static Valved Holding Chamber (VHC) compared with other chambers. (prnewswire.co.uk)
  • In this study, we examined a cohort of patients exposed to lithium between 1997 and 2013. (diva-portal.org)
  • OBJECTIVES: To study the long term tolerance of parenteral gold and subsequent drug treatment in patients with rheumatoid arthritis, including prediction of outcome and 'survival' of sequential treatments. (arctichealth.org)
  • In this 10-year survey 324 blood culture isolates from 184 patients with hematological diseases and septicemia were studied. (arctichealth.org)
  • However, the latter studies included relatively small numbers of patients with pancreatic cancer ( 13 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Childhood strabismus has been well-characterized by epidemiologic studies worldwide, but published reports of strabismus among adults are uncommon - and almost exclusively institution-based series of patients referred solely for surgical intervention. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Because there is a paucity of literature on the management of pSS-associated ILD (pSS-ILD), this retrospective cohort study assessed the efficacy of azathioprine and mycophenolate therapy in adult patients with pSS-ILD. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Future studies will focus on patients with more recent trauma (less than nine years). (benzinga.com)
  • INTRODUCTION: The purpose of the present study was to retrospectively analyze patients with dentofacial deformities attending a reference center in a Brazilian educational institution who sought orthosurgical treatment. (biomedsearch.com)
  • DISCUSSION: The results of the present study suggest that the profile of patients bearing dentofacial deformities in this population is composed of mostly young women motivated by functional issues, and class III skeletal deformity is the most common. (biomedsearch.com)
  • A phase 1 study of everolimus plus docetaxel plus cisplatin as induction chemotherapy for patients w. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The effects of exercise therapy on delirium in cancer patients: a retrospective study. (biomedsearch.com)
  • PURPOSE: The present study aimed to investigate the effects of exercise therapy on delirium in cancer patients. (biomedsearch.com)
  • This study suggests that such patients require additional support during a societal response to this and similar epidemics/pandemics. (ssrn.com)
  • Help strengthen the UNITE - COVID-19 project by enrolling your patients in this valuable study. (esicm.org)
  • The Phase 4 OZONE study will include 200 patients from ~30 US sites. (arvojournals.org)
  • The OZONE study utilizing SD-OCT in post-ocriplasmin patients will further characterize anatomic and symptomatic changes post-ocriplasmin. (arvojournals.org)
  • The aim of the present study was to assess the practical diagnostic value of whole-exome sequencing (WES) in patients with different phenotypes and to explore possible strategies to increase the capability of WES in identifying disease‑causing genes. (spandidos-publications.com)
  • Pediatric patients with LMs of soft tissue and integument were included in the study. (omicsonline.org)
  • Retrospective chart review of the clinical database at Lucille Packard Children's Hospital of Stanford University was performed to identify all pediatric patients (20 years of age or younger) with LMs. (omicsonline.org)
  • The aim of this study is to describe the characteristics of MRAEs during hospitalizations using national patient data from records of patients admitted to Dutch hospitals in 2008 and 2011/2012. (nivel.nl)
  • Brain metastases in breast cancer: a retrospective cohort study of 187 patients and prognostic markers determination. (muni.cz)
  • A review of the literature is provided and a retrospective study presented which demonstrates a 66% redction of sacroiliac low back pain in two-thirds of the patients who received this form of treatment. (getprolo.com)
  • OBJECTIVE This study was conducted to describe the incidence of diabetes following pancreatic disease, assess how these patients are classified by clinicians, and compare clinical characteristics with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Participants Data were collected about eight individuals who developed severe pressure ulcers, using a retrospective case study design. (bmj.com)
  • Additionally, serial brain imaging conducted during this study showed that the participants with normal cognition who reported taking fish oil supplements demonstrated less brain shrinkage in key neurological areas, compared to those who did not use the supplements. (science20.com)
  • The study participants were selected randomly. (who.int)
  • Today's poster presentation reports that a retrospective analysis revealed a treatment effect in participants who experienced trauma less than or equal to nine years prior to screening (approximately 50% of the mITT population). (benzinga.com)
  • 1 The subgroup with trauma less than nine years prior to screening in P301 may include more participants within the 'remitting' phase of PTSD, while the greater than nine years since trauma subgroup in P301 may include more participants in the 'persistent' phase of PTSD, which have been described in longitudinal studies of PTSD in the literature. (benzinga.com)
  • The Life Course Socioeconomic Status, Social Context, and Cardiovascular Disease Study collected information on childhood (1930-1950) and early adulthood (1960-1980) place of residence from 12,681 black and white middle-aged and older men and women from four U.S. communities to link participants with census-based socioeconomic indicators over the life course. (umich.edu)
  • Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study. (springer.com)
  • Retrospective Database Studies From Reproductive Endocrinology Practice Looking at Relationships Between Demographics, Stimulation Protocols and Outcomes, Retrieval and Transfer Outcomes, Number and Quality of Oocytes and Embryos Retrieved and Transferred, Pregnancy Rates and Pregnancy Outcomes. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Retrospective database analysis in order to advance the field of reproductive endocrinology, to learn about reproductive aging and diminished ovarian reserve, to correlate oocyte and embryo quality with pregnancy rates and outcomes, and to reduce adverse outcomes such as Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome (OHSS) and multiple pregnancy rates. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Introduction: Health-related retrospective databases, in particular claims databases, continue to be an important data source for outcomes research. (ispor.org)
  • Cohort studies form a suitable study design to assess associations between multiple exposures on the one hand and multiple outcomes on the other hand. (nih.gov)
  • This study involves retrospective collection of data regarding the first approximately 100 iTotal Knee Replacement System surgeries and their short term outcomes at a small set of centers throughout the US. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • This study set out to compare the in-hospital outcomes of early elective and elective laparoscopic sigmoidectomy due to diverticulitis. (springer.com)
  • The aim of this study was to investigate if the outcome of excessively crying infants treated with chiropractic manipulation (1) was associated with age and/or (2), at least partially, can be explained by age according to the natural decline in crying. (chiro.org)
  • The infants in the control groups of the 2 published RCTs were subjected to the normal crying curve, which we in this study compared to positive outcome. (chiro.org)
  • The aim of the present study was to evaluate the clinical outcome of extensive Empress onlays retained with resin-bonded cement. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • AU - Naeselius,Katarina, AU - Arnelund,Carl-Fredrik, AU - Molin,Margareta K, PY - 2008/3/21/pubmed PY - 2008/5/10/medline PY - 2008/3/21/entrez SP - 40 EP - 4 JF - The International journal of prosthodontics JO - Int J Prosthodont VL - 21 IS - 1 N2 - PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the clinical outcome of extensive Empress onlays retained with resin-bonded cement. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Influence of design characteristics on the outcome of retrospective cohort studies. (bmj.com)
  • Tonix recently reported that the Phase 3 P301 study was stopped at the pre-planned interim analysis because it did not achieve a study continuation threshold on the primary outcome of improvement in the Clinician Administered PTSD Scale for DSM-5 (CAPS-5) at Week 12 in the modified intent-to-treat (mITT) population. (benzinga.com)
  • Background: Clinical characteristics evaluation and risk factors identification of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) have been well studied, while effective predictors for clinical outcome and research on underlying mechanism are limited. (ssrn.com)
  • Our study showed no difference in outcome between elective and early elective cases. (springer.com)
  • A retrospective study of canine and feline pancytopenia presumably due to immune-mediated destruction of blood cell precursors in bone marrow was conducted to characterize the clinical signs, laboratory test results, treatment and outcome of this condition. (cornell.edu)
  • This is a multicenter retrospective chart review, where clinical and biochemical data, genetic analysis and the progress of the disease were documented over five years at two centers from 2014 to 2019. (frontiersin.org)
  • The objective of this study was to evaluate diagnosis and initial medication management of pediatric hypertension and prehypertension in primary care. (aappublications.org)
  • The purpose of the study was to evaluate the carcinogenic potential of perchloroethylene (127184) (PCE), a dry cleaning solvent. (cdc.gov)
  • Object: Our study was a retrospective study, leaded on a group of celiac children, with the object to evaluate their immunological response to both obligatory and recommended vaccinations in childhood. (scirp.org)
  • To evaluate routine laboratory parameters in women with and without placental abruption (PA) and in controls, 417 women were included in this retrospective cohort study in a tertiary-care center. (mdpi.com)
  • Further studies are needed to fully evaluate these benefits in larger sample sizes. (medworm.com)
  • The aims of this study were to determine the frequency of lithium intoxication and to evaluate the clinical course and changes in renal function. (diva-portal.org)
  • In 1967, the Icelandic Heart Association (IHA) began a population-based study to evaluate risk factors for cardiovascular disease. (haematologica.org)
  • Additional prospective studies are needed to further evaluate these findings. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • The aim of this study was to evaluate the mechanism and type of upper limb arterial trauma in Iranian population. (magiran.com)
  • This study aims to evaluate changes of maxillary sinuses in growing subjects. (mdpi.com)
  • The bottom-up approach in retrospective study design is systematic and subjected to the same laws of statistics and epidemiology as the RCT. (chiro.org)
  • Existing reports provide very little data on the true incidence and demographics of strabismus in adults," says Brian G. Mohney, M.D. , with the Department of Ophthalmology at Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn. Dr. Mohney led a team that used Rochester Epidemiology Project data to study the incidence of new-onset strabismus and its types in a geographically defined adult population diagnosed over a 20-year period. (mayoclinic.org)
  • This retrospective cohort study included 499 621 children born at ≥35 weeks' gestation from 1995 to 2011 in Kaiser Permanente Northern California hospitals, who survived to hospital discharge and were followed ≥60 days. (aappublications.org)
  • Peacekeepers suffered combat-related injuries in Mali: a retrospective, descriptive study. (bioportfolio.com)
  • This checklist was developed primarily for the commonly used medical claims or encounter-based databases but could potentially be used to assess retrospective studies that employ other types of databases, such as disease registries and national survey data. (ispor.org)
  • These causes of death were included to assess the possible impact of smoking on the findings because we did not have information on smoking status for study subjects. (cdc.gov)
  • The Vietnam Era Health Retrospective Observational Study (VE-HEROeS) is a nationwide study designed to assess the current health and well-being of Vietnam Veterans, Blue Water Navy Veterans, and Veterans who served elsewhere during the Vietnam Era (1961-1975). (va.gov)
  • The conference brought together many of the nation's top experts to assess trends in Chinese civil-military relations, force structure, doctrine, and capabilities over the past 20 years, as well as the state of the China military studies field. (rand.org)
  • Given that early intervention may prevent complications, we performed a pharmacoepidemiologic study to assess the true risk of these potentially serious conditions. (cmaj.ca)
  • The choice of a retrospective design makes it impossible to assess whether the observed effect from chiropractic care was better than no treatment in the treatment for excessively crying infants. (chiro.org)
  • In the present study, the data of 1,360 cases of WES in a single center were reviewed and summarized to assess the practical diagnostic value of WES and to explore how to improve the ability of this technique to find disease-causing genes. (spandidos-publications.com)
  • Cause of death data from 1979-2008 were used to study the Camp Lejeune and Camp Pendleton cohorts. (cdc.gov)
  • In our retrospective case control study there was no significant difference in operative time, estimated blood loss, hospital length of stay, or complication rate between the RN and LN cohorts. (sages.org)
  • If one is aware of this, cohort studies can form a potent study design in nephrology producing, in general, highly generalizable results. (nih.gov)
  • Using a population-based retrospective cohort design, and utilizing the Western Australian Data Linkage System for the period 2000-2002 (2.5 years), the study found that 992 people died of either AD alone or AD with at least one other condition recorded on the death certificate. (ingentaconnect.com)
  • Also, this study design suffers from missing and inaccurate data because it is based on data collected from a routine practice setting. (chiro.org)
  • The retrospective study design brings with it a risk of hindsight bias. (bmj.com)
  • Lewis & Clark's Special Collections and Archives is featuring a retrospective exhibit on the early 20th-century Bauhaus movement in Watzek Library . (lclark.edu)
  • The book thus provides a comprehensive retrospective of Western research on the People's Liberation Army in the last quarter of the 20th century. (rand.org)
  • Results: Written in the form of 27 questions, the checklist can be used to guide decision makers as they consider the database, the study methodology, and the study conclusions. (ispor.org)
  • No inferences or conclusions can be drawn about whether these study sites may be associated with potential impacts of hydraulic fracturing on drinking water resources. (epa.gov)
  • UPPSALA, Sweden, Oct. 29, 2018 /PRNewswire/ -- OssDsign AB, the Swedish designer, manufacturer and distributor of regenerative implants for cranial and facial reconstruction, today announced positive results from a retrospective study of OSSDSIGN® Cranial PSI that has been accepted for publication in World Neurosurgery. (pharmiweb.com)
  • Retrospective analysis from a prospectively collected database. (sages.org)
  • Retrospective Cohort Mortality Study Of Dry Cleaner Workers Using Perchloroethylene. (cdc.gov)
  • A mortality study of workers in the dry cleaning industry (SIC-7216) was conducted. (cdc.gov)
  • The aim of this study is to investigate the safety and efficacy of castor oil to induce labour. (nih.gov)
  • There are several studies in literature which demonstrate the efficacy of citicoline, thanks to its neuroprotective function, for the recovery and in postischemic cerebral rehabilitation. (dovepress.com)
  • Recent studies have shown that infections with Clostridium difficile (CDI) have shown increased incidence, severity, and recurrence rates over the past 10 years [ 3 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • A large number of studies underlines that HLA-II haplotypes and homozygosis for alleles HLA-B8, DR3 and DQ2 were found to have a significantly higher incidence of hepatitis B vaccine non-response [3]. (scirp.org)
  • The research team's retrospective study identified 753 cases of new-onset strabismus among residents 19 years or older in Olmsted County, Minn., diagnosed from Jan. 1, 1985, through Dec. 31, 2004, an annual age- and sex-adjusted incidence rate of 54 cases per 100,000 individuals. (mayoclinic.org)
  • There were no significant gender differences or changes in the incidence of adult-onset strabismus over the 20-year study period," says Dr. Mohney. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Results from Dutch AE studies showed that-despite various improvement initiatives-the incidence of preventable MRAEs did not decline. (nivel.nl)
  • We performed this study to determine factors influencing: incidence, the interval between the disease diagnosis and the mt CNS (TTPcns) and overall survival since the development of metastases in brain (OScns). (muni.cz)
  • This was a retrospective evaluation of clinical records of 749 infants from a private Danish chiropractic practice. (chiro.org)
  • On behalf of the French Society of Pediatric Nephrology, we retrospectively studied 33 children from 15 centers treated with EC for severe STEC-HUS. (springer.com)
  • The primary objective of this retrospective study was to analyze the prevalence and phenomenon of neonaticide in Switzerland. (nih.gov)
  • The objective of the study was to detect dengue virus activity before the initial recognizing of the epidemic of 1994. (scielo.br)
  • The objective of this study was to examine the natural history of monoclonal gammopathy taking advantage of the opportunity to retrieve samples collected in a large population-based study, several years before the diagnosis of malignant plasma cell disease, in an effort to estimate the proportion of MM and WM cases with a prodromal MGUS phase. (haematologica.org)
  • CONCLUSION: This long-term study proved the 3M diffractive IOL to be safe and effective despite some reduction in contrast sensitivity at higher spatial frequencies. (arctichealth.org)
  • Olsen R, Greisen G, Schrøder M, Brok J. Prophylactic probiotics for preterm infants: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. (nature.com)
  • A retrospective study on severity analysis of Indian coal mines accidents for 100 years was done considering fatal and serious accidents and the resulting causalities. (ilo.org)
  • Although several recent studies have examined neonaticide in different countries and cultures, there has been no in-depth analysis of Swiss cases, even though this country has special neonaticide legislation and four "baby hatches" have been opened to prevent such killings. (nih.gov)
  • A retrospective analysis from January 2014 to June 2016 of directed blood donor data from two hospitals in the Kasungu District of Malawi was conducted. (scirp.org)
  • Neighborhood Risk Factors For Pediatric Fall-Related Injuries: A Retrospective Analysis Of A State-Wide Hospital Network. (bioportfolio.com)
  • A Retrospective, Descriptive Analysis of Hospital-acquired Deep Tissue Injuries. (bioportfolio.com)
  • The study shows that so far, the best option for international comparison is the analysis in a central laboratory. (diva-portal.org)
  • The study uses thematic analysis to analyse and identify themes in the data, taking a critical realist stance throughout. (bl.uk)
  • A new study identifies specific locations where medication and harm reduction services for people with opioid use disorder should be available in order to have the greatest impact on reducing opioid overdose deaths. (medicalxpress.com)
  • A retrospective review of post-delivery antibody records was performed at a teaching hospital and a community hospital to determine the frequency of new red cell alloantibody production and transfusion during pregnancy. (mendeley.com)
  • Presents a retrospective review of several cases of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome from 1981 to 1986 in North Korea to determine the scope of clinical presentation and unique complications of the disease. (ebscohost.com)
  • A Phase 4 study was designed to retrospectively review and further characterize anatomic and symptomatic changes, using SD-OCT, following treatment of VMA with JETREA ® (ocriplasmin). (arvojournals.org)
  • Institutional review board approval was obtained for the study. (omicsonline.org)
  • Medication-related adverse events during hospitalization: a retrospective patient record review study in the Netherlands. (nivel.nl)
  • Robert G. Schwartz, M.D. and Noreen Sagedy, M.D. Prolotherapy: A Literature Review and Retrospective Study. (getprolo.com)
  • The Feature Paper can be either an original research article, a substantial novel research study that often involves several techniques or approaches, or a comprehensive review paper with concise and precise updates on the latest progress in the field that systematically reviews the most exciting advances in scientific literature. (mdpi.com)
  • However, retrospective databases pose a series of methodological challenges, some of which are unique to this data source. (ispor.org)
  • Study record managers: refer to the Data Element Definitions if submitting registration or results information. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Researchers are currently analyzing data from this study. (va.gov)
  • We performed a retrospective cohort study using the British Columbia Linked Health Database, which is a comprehensive database with linkable data files. (cmaj.ca)
  • This study has been adjusted to information available in existing clinical records instead of the reverse order, where the study is designed to collect all essential data. (chiro.org)
  • Data for the study was gathered from autopsy reports and hospital records. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The study was approved by the Icelandic National Bioethics Committee and The Data Protection Authority. (haematologica.org)
  • Data were obtained from the Icelandic Cancer Registry for all MM and WM cases in Iceland since 1955 (1991 for WM) and compared with The Reykjavik Study registry to obtain frozen serum samples. (haematologica.org)
  • The present study indicated that WES may be used as a valuable tool in the clinic and the positive rate depends more on the professional experience of clinicians rather than on the analytical capabilities of the data analyst. (spandidos-publications.com)
  • There have been many published speculative retrospective diagnoses of autism of historical figures. (wikipedia.org)
  • Katz S, Jama R. Sequential multisystem failure: a retrospective study. (jaoa.org)
  • We examined the risk of these adverse events in a pharmacoepidemiologic cohort study. (cmaj.ca)
  • Few previous studies have explicitly sought to discriminate between psychological and broader organisational explanations for adverse events in healthcare settings. (bmj.com)
  • The present study concluded that cytogenetics plays an important role in precise diagnosis which helps in the management of PA. (nih.gov)
  • This retrospective cohort study was conducted to predict the onset of CSS and facilitate diagnosis in the early phase of the disease. (ingentaconnect.com)
  • No large-scale studies have examined diagnosis and initial medication management of pediatric hypertension and prehypertension. (aappublications.org)
  • Retrospective diagnosis is practised by medical historians, general historians and the media with varying degrees of scholarship. (wikipedia.org)
  • Crude attempts at retrospective diagnosis fail to be sensitive to historical context, may treat historical and religious records as scientific evidence, or ascribe pathology to behaviours that require none. (wikipedia.org)
  • The term retrospective diagnosis is also sometimes used by a clinical pathologist to describe a medical diagnosis in a person made some time after the original illness has resolved or after death. (wikipedia.org)
  • S. C. Jones, I. , Crandon, A. and Sanday, K. (2012) Melanoma of the vulva: A retrospective study of 46 cases from Queensland. (scirp.org)
  • S. C. Jones, I. , Crandon, A. and Sanday, K. (2012) Vulvar basal cell carcinoma: A retrospective study of 29 cases from Queensland. (scirp.org)
  • Feakins, R.M. and Lowe, D.G. (1997) Basal cell carcinoma of the vulva a clinicopathological study of 45 cases. (scirp.org)
  • Such spontaneous reporting is highly susceptible to bias (e.g., reported cases are not validated and frequently are reported by nonmedical professionals), and cohort studies have not found an association between the use of incretin drugs and pancreatic cancer occurrence ( 10 - 12 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • One hundred and forty-five unselected autopsy cases of construction site accidents received from South Delhi were studied during the period from 1996--2002. (biomedsearch.com)
  • A retrospective study of 102 cases of Boberg-Ans intraocular lens implantations was conducted. (bmj.com)
  • implants for cranial and facial reconstruction, today announced positive results from a retrospective study of OSSDSIGN Cranial PSI that has been accepted for publication in World Neurosurgery. (medindia.net)
  • However, epidemiologic studies relating neonatal phototherapy to cancer risk in infancy and childhood have had mixed results. (aappublications.org)
  • In this report we describe the epidemiological background of dengue activity in Ceará, as well as the results of a retrospective serologic investigation carried out in Fortaleza, the capital of the state. (scielo.br)
  • PURPOSE: To study the long-term results of implantation of the 3M diffractive multifocal intraocular lens (IOL). (arctichealth.org)
  • Extrapolation of the results is limited by the lack of access to records from optometrists practicing in Olmsted County and the racial and ethnic composition of the county, which was 90 percent white during the years of the study. (mayoclinic.org)
  • The results differ markedly depending on the population studied and time of follow-up. (haematologica.org)
  • 5 Several smaller studies showed similar results with a higher probability of progression for IgA type MGUS. (haematologica.org)
  • However, our results suggest that it is feasible to characterize the earlier social environment with known levels of measurement error and that such an approach should be considered in future studies. (umich.edu)
  • Prospective and retrospective cohort studies have higher accuracy and higher efficiency as their respective main advantages. (nih.gov)
  • To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Curated by German studies students Scott Stewart-Rowdan BA '20 and Jack Hanning BA '21 and Professor of German Studies Therese Augst , this exhibit features replicas and models of Bauhaus furniture, jewelry, and crafts, along with Augst's research on the Bauhaus weavers and Josef and Anni Albers. (lclark.edu)
  • The purpose of this double-blind randomized control research study is to determine if CES given in a group setting for soldiers experiencing irritability is effective to reduce the symptom. (bioportfolio.com)
  • The study was reviewed and approved by the Research and Ethics committees of the two centers. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • One of the authors (ADS) has received funding from the Pasteur Summer Research Program and the Harvard Medical School Office of Enrichment Programs for support of this study. (lww.com)
  • Each author certifies that his or her institution has approved the human protocol for this investigation, that all investigations were conducted in conformity with ethical principles of research, and that informed consent for participation in the study was obtained. (lww.com)
  • More research is needed, but these findings are promising and highlight the need for future studies to expand the current knowledge of the effects of FOS use on cognitive aging and AD. (science20.com)
  • 1] According to this new retrospective study, published in Pulmonary Therapy , the AeroChamber Plus* Flow-Vu* Anti-Static VHC was associated with a significant delay in time to first exacerbation (p=0.0005) and a significant 13% reduction in Emergency Room/Accident and Emergency (ER/A&E) visits (p=0.0167) compared with control, non-anti-static chambers. (prnewswire.co.uk)
  • Gene therapy accelerates healing of damaged skeletal muscle ( A new retrospective study in the Canadi. (bio-medicine.org)
  • This study suggests that exercise therapy may be useful as one environmental/supportive intervention for delirium. (biomedsearch.com)
  • CUHA case records between 1994-2004 were reviewed and animals were included in the study if they fulfilled the following criteria: several days history of pancytopenia, hyperplasia of one or more cell lines in the bone marrow, absence of morphologic abnormalities in bone marrow precursors, no evidence of peripheral destruction, and no known underlying disease or drug therapy that could have caused the pancytopenia. (cornell.edu)
  • However, this study employs a previously established serotyping ELISA, to retrospectively analyze known hantavirus IgG reactive samples for infecting serotypes. (ebscohost.com)
  • Fatal occupational injuries in the South Delhi construction industry: a retrospective study. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The purpose of the study was to determine whether potential exposures to the drinking water contaminants at Camp Lejeune are associated with increased risk of death from specific cancers and other chronic diseases among those who were employed at the base. (cdc.gov)
  • The purpose of this study was to determine whether residential exposures of Marines and Navy personnel to contaminated drinking water at Camp Lejeune increased risk of mortality from cancers and other chronic diseases. (cdc.gov)
  • The study included a comparison population from Camp Pendleton that was similar to the Camp Lejeune cohort on risk factors such as military training, occupations, and smoking. (cdc.gov)
  • The study found increased risk of death in the Camp Lejeune cohort for several causes including cancers of the cervix, esophagus, kidney, and liver, Hodgkin's lymphoma, and multiple myeloma. (cdc.gov)
  • In contrast to archetypal epidemiological studies, CDI is now being increasingly recognized as a cause of diarrhea in the community, especially in younger individuals and in populations lacking the traditional risk factors [ 10 - 12 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • HealthDay)-Psoriasis is significantly associated with an increased mortality risk, according to a study published online Aug. 12 in the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. (medicalxpress.com)
  • Studies are warranted for assessing the risk of pancreatic cancer associated with long-term use of incretin drugs. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Also, the positive findings on cognitive testing and brain MRI were only observed in persons who did not carry the best-studied genetic risk factor for AD, APOE-4. (science20.com)
  • As shown by several other studies, the risk was significantly greater for the IgA type. (haematologica.org)
  • To quantify the risk of developing tuberculosis (TB) following school contact with a student with smear positive respiratory TB in a population with a high background rate of tuberculosis, a retrospective cohort study was conducted. (eurosurveillance.org)
  • This study is consistent with the small body of evidence that already exists suggesting that greater levels of classroom contact with a student with smear positive active TB significantly increases the risk of contracting active and latent TB. (eurosurveillance.org)
  • The aim of this study was to determine the effects of grand multiparity on risk independent of potential confounding factors, to better inform birth-suite protocols on grand multiparity. (mja.com.au)
  • The purpose of this study was to determine (i) natural progression of complications associated with lymphatic malformations during childhood and adolescence , (ii) risk factors associated with complications, and (iii) whether early intervention decreases LM complication rates in adolescents or young adults. (omicsonline.org)
  • The study, however, is limited by absence of a control group and use of multiple therapeutic interventions in treatment groups. (springer.com)
  • AIDS‐associated Cryptococcus neoformans and Penicillium marneffei coinfection has not been adequately studied and poses unique therapeutic challenges in resource‐limited settings. (duke.edu)
  • Assessment of Long-Term Bowel Symptoms After Segmental Resection of Deeply Infiltrating Endometriosis: A Matched Cohort Study. (duke.edu)
  • A new retrospective study in the Canadian Medical Association Journal shows that young farm children, particularly boys, are about twice as likely as the total population of young Canadian children to die from an injury. (bio-medicine.org)
  • Ott, J. Prognostic Laboratory Parameters in Placental Abruption: A Retrospective Case-Control Study. (mdpi.com)
  • Pils S, Paternostro C, Bekos C, Hager M, Ristl R, Ott J. Prognostic Laboratory Parameters in Placental Abruption: A Retrospective Case-Control Study. (mdpi.com)
  • Level IV, prognostic study. (lww.com)
  • A retrospective observational case control study was conducted over five years. (nih.gov)
  • This QAPP describes the technical details and associated quality assurance and quality control procedures for the Dunn County, North Dakota, Bakken Shale case study. (epa.gov)
  • EPA collected water samples from five retrospective case study locations in Colorado, North Dakota, Pennsylvania, and Texas. (epa.gov)
  • Grand multiparity was defined for the study as five or more previous births at a gestation of 20 or more weeks. (mja.com.au)