An area occupying the most posterior aspect of the ABDOMINAL CAVITY. It is bounded laterally by the borders of the quadratus lumborum muscles and extends from the DIAPHRAGM to the brim of the true PELVIS, where it continues as the pelvic extraperitoneal space.
A slowly progressive condition of unknown etiology, characterized by deposition of fibrous tissue in the retroperitoneal space compressing the ureters, great vessels, bile duct, and other structures. When associated with abdominal aortic aneurysm, it may be called chronic periaortitis or inflammatory perianeurysmal fibrosis.
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
Gauze material used to absorb body fluids during surgery. Referred to as GOSSYPIBOMA if accidentally retained in the body following surgery.
Pain emanating from below the RIBS and above the ILIUM.
Inanimate objects that become enclosed in the body.
Stones in the URETER that are formed in the KIDNEY. They are rarely more than 5 mm in diameter for larger renal stones cannot enter ureters. They are often lodged at the ureteral narrowing and can cause excruciating renal colic.
Redness of the skin produced by congestion of the capillaries. This condition may result from a variety of causes.
Excision of kidney.
A procedure in which a laparoscope (LAPAROSCOPES) is inserted through a small incision near the navel to examine the abdominal and pelvic organs in the PERITONEAL CAVITY. If appropriate, biopsy or surgery can be performed during laparoscopy.
Techniques, procedures, and therapies carried out on diseased organs in such a way to avoid complete removal of the organ and preserve the remaining organ function.
Surgery performed on the urinary tract or its parts in the male or female. For surgery of the male genitalia, UROLOGIC SURGICAL PROCEDURES, MALE is available.
Placement of one of the surgeon's gloved hands into the ABDOMINAL CAVITY to perform manual manipulations that facilitate the laparoscopic procedures.
Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.
The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.
A potentially life-threatening condition in which EMBRYO IMPLANTATION occurs outside the cavity of the UTERUS. Most ectopic pregnancies (>96%) occur in the FALLOPIAN TUBES, known as TUBAL PREGNANCY. They can be in other locations, such as UTERINE CERVIX; OVARY; and abdominal cavity (PREGNANCY, ABDOMINAL).
Individual's rights to obtain and use information collected or generated by others.
A quantitative measure of the frequency on average with which articles in a journal have been cited in a given period of time.
The transference of a part of or an entire liver from one human or animal to another.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
The evaluation by experts of the quality and pertinence of research or research proposals of other experts in the same field. Peer review is used by editors in deciding which submissions warrant publication, by granting agencies to determine which proposals should be funded, and by academic institutions in tenure decisions.
A pathological process characterized by injury or destruction of tissues caused by a variety of cytologic and chemical reactions. It is usually manifested by typical signs of pain, heat, redness, swelling, and loss of function.
A malignant tumor derived from primitive or embryonal lipoblastic cells. It may be composed of well-differentiated fat cells or may be dedifferentiated: myxoid (LIPOSARCOMA, MYXOID), round-celled, or pleomorphic, usually in association with a rich network of capillaries. Recurrences are common and dedifferentiated liposarcomas metastasize to the lungs or serosal surfaces. (From Dorland, 27th ed; Stedman, 25th ed)
That portion of the body that lies between the THORAX and the PELVIS.
Tumors or cancer of the TESTIS. Germ cell tumors (GERMINOMA) of the testis constitute 95% of all testicular neoplasms.

Pancreaticoduodenectomy with or without extended retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy for periampullary adenocarcinoma: comparison of morbidity and mortality and short-term outcome. (1/364)

OBJECTIVE: This prospective, randomized, single-institution trial was designed to evaluate the end points of mortality, morbidity, and survival in patients undergoing standard versus radical (extended) pancreaticoduodenectomy (including distal gastrectomy and retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy). SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Numerous retrospective reports and one prospective randomized trial have suggested that the performance of an extended lymphadenectomy in association with a pancreaticoduodenal resection may improve long-term survival for some patients with pancreatic and other periampullary adenocarcinomas. Many of these previously published studies can be criticized for their retrospective and nonrandomized designs, for the inclusion of nonconcurrent control groups, and for their small numbers. METHODS: Between April 1996 and December 1997, 114 patients with periampullary adenocarcinoma were enrolled in an ongoing, prospective, randomized trial at The Johns Hopkins Hospital. After intraoperative verification of completely resected periampullary adenocarcinoma, the patients were randomized to receive either a standard pancreaticoduodenectomy (removing only the peripancreatic lymph nodes en bloc with the specimen) or a radical pancreaticoduodenectomy (standard resection plus distal gastrectomy and retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy). All pathology specimens were reviewed and categorized. The postoperative morbidity, mortality, and short-term outcomes were examined. RESULTS: Of the 114 patients randomized, 56 underwent a standard pancreaticoduodenectomy and 58 a radical pancreaticoduodenectomy. The two groups were statistically similar with regard to age and gender, but there was a higher percentage of white patients in the radical group. All the patients in the radical group underwent distal gastric resection, whereas 86% of the patients in the standard group underwent pylorus preservation. The mean operative time in the radical group was 6.8 hours, compared with 6.2 hours in the standard group. There were no significant differences between the two groups with respect to the intraoperative blood loss, transfusion requirements, location of primary tumor, mean tumor size, positive lymph node status, or positive margin status. There were three deaths in the standard group and two in the radical group. The complication rates were 34% for the standard group and 40% for the radical group. Patients undergoing radical resection had a higher incidence of early delayed gastric emptying but had similar rates of other complications, such as pancreatic fistula, wound infection, intraabdominal abscess, and need for reoperation. The mean total number of lymph nodes resected was higher in the radical group. Of the 58 patients in the radical group, only 10% had metastatic carcinoma in the resected retroperitoneal lymph nodes, and none of those patients had the retroperitoneal nodes as the only site of lymph node involvement. The 1-year actuarial survival rate for patients surviving the immediate postoperative periods was 77% for the standard resection group and 83% for the radical resection group. CONCLUSIONS: These data demonstrate that radical pancreaticoduodenectomy (with the addition of a distal gastrectomy and extended retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy to a standard pancreaticoduodenectomy) can be performed with similar morbidity and mortality to standard pancreaticoduodenectomy. However, the survival data are not sufficiently mature and the numbers of patients enrolled are not adequate to allow firm conclusions to be drawn regarding survival benefit.  (+info)

Microbiology of retroperitoneal abscesses in children. (2/364)

Samples of pus from 41 children with retroperitoneal abscess treated between 1974 and 1994 yielded a total of 125 organisms (3.0 isolates/specimen); 58 isolates were aerobic and facultative species (1.4/specimen) and 67 were anaerobic (1.6/specimen). Aerobic bacteria only were isolated from 7 (17%) abscesses, anaerobic bacteria only from 3 (7%) and mixed aerobic and anaerobic bacteria from 31 (76%); 34 (83%) infections were polymicrobial. The predominant aerobic and facultative isolates were Escherichia coli (19 isolates) and Staphylococcus aureus (6), and the predominant anaerobes were Peptostreptococcus spp. (18 isolates), Bacteroides spp. (22) and Prevotella spp. (5).  (+info)

Tumor necrosis factor alpha in various tissues of insulin-resistant obese Koletsky rats: relations to insulin receptor characteristics. (3/364)

Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) was found to be significantly increased in skeletal muscles and retroperitoneal fat of obese insulin-resistant Koletsky rats as compared to control Wistar rats. This increase was accompanied by a depression of insulin receptor protein tyrosine kinase (PTK) activity. Neither the insulin-binding capacity nor insulin receptor affinity were related to this TNFalpha increase in these tissues. In the liver, no significant changes of TNFalpha content and only a lowering of insulin-binding capacity were found. It is concluded that an increased TNFalpha content in muscles and fat (but not in the liver) contributes to insulin resistance by lowering insulin receptor protein tyrosine kinase activity, while other insulin receptor characteristics (insulin-binding capacity and affinity of insulin receptors to the hormone) do not seem to be influenced by this factor.  (+info)

Comparison between the transabdominal and retroperitoneal approaches for aortic reconstruction in patients at high risk. (4/364)

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the transabdominal approach with the retroperitoneal approach for elective aortic reconstruction in the patient who is at high risk. METHODS: From January 1992 through January 1997, 148 patients underwent aortic operations: 92 of the patients were classified as American Society of Anesthesia (ASA) class IV. Forty-four operations on the patients of ASA class IV were performed with the transabdominal approach (25 for abdominal aortic aneurysms and 19 for aortoiliac occlusive disease), and 48 operations were performed with the retroperitoneal approach (27 for abdominal aortic aneurysms and 21 for aortoiliac occlusive disease). There were no significant differences between the groups for comorbid risk factors or perioperative care. RESULTS: Among the patients of ASA class IV, eight (8.7%) died after operation (retroperitoneal, 3 [6.26%]; transabdominal, 5 [11.3%]; P =.5). There was no difference between groups in the number of pulmonary complications (retroperitoneal, 23 [47.9%]; transabdominal, 19 [43.2%]; P =.7) or in the development of incisional hernias (retroperitoneal, 6 [12.5%]; transabdominal, 5 [11.3%]; P =.5). The retroperitoneal approach was associated with a significant reduction in cardiac complications (retroperitoneal, 6 [12.5%]; transabdominal, 10 [22.7%]; P =.004) and in gastrointestinal complications (retroperitoneal, 5 [8.3%]; transabdominal, 15 [34.1%]). Operative time was significantly longer in the retroperitoneal group (retroperitoneal, 3.35 hours; transabdominal, 2.98 hours; P =.006), as was blood loss (retroperitoneal, 803 mL; transabdominal, 647 mL; P =.012). The patients in the retroperitoneal group required less intravenous narcotics (retroperitoneal, 36.6 +/- 21 mg; transabdominal, 49.5 +/- 28.5 mg; P =.004) and less epidural analgesics (retroperitoneal, 39.5 +/- 6.4 mg; transabdominal, 56.6 +/- 9.5 mg; P =.004). Hospital length of stay (retroperitoneal, 7.2 +/- 1.6 days; transabdominal, 12.8 +/- 2.3 days; P =.024) and hospital charges (retroperitoneal, $35,587 +/- $980; transabdominal, $54,832 +/- $1105; P =.04) were significantly lower in the retroperitoneal group. The survival rates at the 40-month follow-up period were similar between the groups (retroperitoneal, 81.3%; transabdominal, 78.7%; P =.53). CONCLUSION: In this subset of patients who were at high risk for aortic reconstruction, the postoperative complications were common. However, the number of complications was significantly lower in the retroperitoneal group. Aortic reconstruction in patients of ASA class IV appears to be more safely and economically performed with the retroperitoneal approach.  (+info)

Repair of type IV thoracoabdominal aneurysm with a combined endovascular and surgical approach. (5/364)

We report an unusual case of type IV Thoracoabdominal Aneurysm (TAA) with Superior Mesenteric Artery (SMA), celiac artery, and bilateral renal artery aneurysms in a patient who underwent an earlier repair of two infrarenal Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (AAA) ruptures. Because of the presence of the visceral artery aneurysms and the earlier operation through the retroperitoneum, standard surgical treatment via a retroperitoneal approach with an inclusion grafting technique was considered difficult. A combined surgical approach achieving retrograde perfusion of all four visceral vessels and endovascular grafting allowing exclusion of the TAA was accomplished. Complete exclusion of the aneurysm and normal perfusion of the patient's viscera was documented by means of follow-up examinations at 3 and 6 months. The repair of a type IV TAA with a Combined Endovascular and Surgical Approach (CESA) allowed us to manage both the aortic and visceral aneurysms without thoracotomy or re-do retroperitoneal exposure and minimized visceral ischemia time. If the durability of this approach is confirmed, it may represent an attractive alternative in patients with aneurysmal involvement of the visceral segment of the aorta.  (+info)

Retroperitoneal multilocular bronchogenic cyst adjacent to adrenal gland. (6/364)

Bronchogenic cysts are generally found in the mediastinum, particularly posterior to the carina, but they rarely occur in such unusual sites as the skin, subcutaneous tissue, pericardium, and even the retroperitoneum. A 30-year-old Korean man underwent surgery to remove a cystic adrenal mass incidentally discovered during routine physical checkup. At surgery, it proved to be a multilocular cyst located in the retroperitoneum adjacent to the left adrenal gland. Microscopically, the cyst was lined by respiratory epithelium over connective tissue with submucous glands, cartilage and smooth muscle, thereby histologically confirming bronchogenic cyst. This is the first reported case of retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst in an adult without other congenital anomalies in Korea.  (+info)

The retroperitoneal approach to unusual abdominal aortic aneurysms. (7/364)

A retroperitoneal approach was used to repair an infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm in three patients. The technique was used because of unusual pathology obscuring the aneurysm neck. We discuss the technique of retroperitoneal exposure and suggest advantages over conventional transperitoneal repair in patients with uncomplicated infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm.  (+info)

Retroperitoneal endoscopic ligation of lumbar and inferior mesenteric arteries as a treatment of persistent endoleak after endoluminal aortic aneurysm repair. (8/364)

A 74-year-old man receiving long-term anticoagulation therapy for intermittent atrial fibrillation had a type II endoleak after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. During an 8-month follow-up, the endoleak persisted, and the aneurysm failed to decrease in diameter. By means of a left flank retroperitoneal endoscopic surgical approach, the aneurysm was dissected free, and the lumbar arteries emanating from the aneurysm, as well as the inferior mesenteric artery, were ligated with titanium clips. A postoperative spiral computed tomography scan depicted one pair of unclipped lumbar arteries just proximal to the aortic bifurcation. After immediate reoperation with the same approach, complete thrombosis of the aneurysm sac was radiographically confirmed.  (+info)

The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) issued full guidance to the NHS in England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland on laparoscopic retroperitoneal lymph node dissection for testicular cancer in March 2006. In accordance with the Interventional Procedures Programme Process Guide, guidance on procedures with special arrangements are reviewed 3 years after publication and the procedure is reassessed if important new evidence is available.. The guidance was considered for reassessment in March 2009 and it was concluded that NICE will not be updating this guidance at this stage. However, if you believe there is new evidence which should warrant a review of our guidance, please contact us via the email address below.. ...
Descrição: We assessed the role of laparoscopic management in patients following spontaneous retroperitoneal hemorrhage from a renal tumor. A retrospective chart review revealed 4 patients with spontaneous retroperitoneal hemorrhage treated at our institution in the last 2 years. After conservative management elsewhere patients were referred for definitive therapy. Patient characteristics and tumor size were examined and correlated with ease of surgical dissection and surgical outcome. No patient had any history of trauma. Computerized tomography was used to identify the initial extent of hemorrhage in all patients. All patients underwent successful laparoscopic exploration without the need for open conversion. Three patients underwent radical nephrectomy and 1 underwent laparoscopic partial nephrectomy. Renal hemorrhage extending outside of the renal capsule was associated with significantly more adhesions than renal hemorrhage confined to the renal... ...
INTRODUCTION: Spontaneous retroperitoneal hemorrhage is a distinct clinical entity that can present as a rare life-threatening event characterized by sudden onset of bleeding into the retroperitoneal space, occurring in association with bleeding disorders, intratumoral bleeding, or ruptures of any retroperitoneal organ or aneurysm. The spontaneous form is the most infrequent retroperitoneal hemorrhage, causing significant morbidity and representing a diagnostic challenge. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a patient with coronary artery disease who presented with transient ischemic attack, in whom anticoagulant therapy with heparin precipitated a massive spontaneous atraumatic retroperitoneal hemorrhage (with international normalized ratio 2.4), which was treated conservatively. CONCLUSION: Delay in diagnosis is potentially fatal and high clinical suspicion remains crucial. Finally, it is a matter of controversy whether retroperitoneal hematomas should be surgically evacuated or ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Retroperitoneal Hematoma Causing Peritoneal Dialysis Catheter Malfunction. AU - Smith, Alison A.. AU - Fonseca, Adam N.. AU - Naljayan, Mihran V.. AU - Paramesh, Anil S.. PY - 2016/3/1. Y1 - 2016/3/1. N2 - BACKGROUND: We present the unusual complication of peritoneal dialysis (PD) catheter dysfunction in a patient who developed a retroperitoneal hematoma following an endoscopic procedure and review the existing literature regarding this rare complication.CASE REPORT: A 60-year-old man with end stage renal disease presented with PD catheter dysfunction. Computed tomography scan of his abdomen showed a large left retroperitoneal hematoma. He underwent a diagnostic laparoscopy and PD catheter revision. The retroperitoneal hematoma had ruptured into the peritoneum with clots clogging the catheter. Clots were evacuated and the catheter was flushed. He restarted on low volume PD three days after surgery and increased to full volume within a week with no further issues.CONCLUSIONS: This ...
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CASTILLO C, OCTAVIO A et al. Robotic-assisted laparoscopic retroperitoneal lymph node dissection in post chemotherapy residual mass in testis cancer. Rev Chil Cir [online]. 2011, vol.63, n.5, pp.508-512. ISSN 0718-4026. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-40262011000500012.. Introduction: The laparoscopic retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (L-RPLND) has shown results at least comparable to open surgery in terms of perioperative complications and oncological results, but its application in the post chemotherapy scenario is still matter of study. The development of robotic surgery and its advantages over laparoscopic surgery, make this an attractive option for complex procedures. We report our initial experience with robotic-assisted retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (R-RPLND). Methods: We describe the cases of two patients who underwent R-RPLND due to a Post Chemotherapy residual mass of a non-seminomatous testicular cancer. Results: Two patients, 27 and 30 years old, presented with ...
PURPOSE We identified factors predicting liver histology in patients with nonseminomatous germ cell tumor undergoing concurrent post-chemotherapy retroperitoneal lymph node dissection and liver resection. MATERIALS AND METHODS We reviewed the Indiana University testis cancer database to identify all patients with nonseminomatous germ cell tumor and liver metastasis who underwent post-chemotherapy retroperitoneal lymph node dissection and liver resection between 1976 and 2006. RESULTS A total of 59 patients met study inclusion criteria. Necrosis, teratoma and cancer were identified in 31%, 46% and 24% of retroperitoneal specimens, and in 73%, 17% and 10% of liver specimens, respectively. Concordance between retroperitoneal and liver histology was 49% overall, including 94% for necrosis, 26% for teratoma and 36% for cancer. Liver necrosis alone was found in 94%, 70% and 50% of patients with retroperitoneal necrosis, teratoma and cancer, respectively. CONCLUSIONS The overall rate of histological
TY - JOUR. T1 - Robot-assisted retroperitoneal lymph node dissection. T2 - Technique and initial case series of 18 patients. AU - Cheney, Scott M.. AU - Andrews, Paul E.. AU - Leibovich, Bradley C.. AU - Castle, Erik P.. N1 - Publisher Copyright: © 2014 The Authors. BJU International © 2014 BJU International.. PY - 2015/1/1. Y1 - 2015/1/1. N2 - Objective To evaluate outcomes of the first 18 patients treated with robot-assisted retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (RA-RPLND) for non-seminomatous germ cell tumours (NSGCT) and paratesticular rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) at our institution.Patients and Methods Between March 2008 and May 2013, 17 patients underwent RA-RPLND for NSGCT and one for paratesticular RMS. Data were collected retrospectively on patient demographics, preoperative tumour characteristics, and perioperative outcomes including open conversion rate, lymph node (LN) yield, rate of positive LNs, operative time, estimated blood loss (EBL), and length of stay (LOS). Perioperative ...
Retroperitoneal hemorrhage (or retroperitoneal hematoma) refers to an accumulation of blood found in the retroperitoneal space. It can present with Grey Turners sign (flank bruising). Causes include: anticoagulation a ruptured aortic aneurysm a ruptured renal aneurysm acute pancreatitis malignancy Iatrogenic (e.g. when cannulating the common femoral artery for cardiac catheterization) John P. McGahan; Barry B. Goldberg (January 2008). Diagnostic ultrasound. Informa Health Care. pp. 772-. ISBN 978-1-4200-6978-5. Retrieved 20 April 2010. A Cough Deteriorating Gross Hematuria: A Clinical Sign of a Forthcoming Life-Threatening Rupture of an Intraparenchymal Aneurysm of Renal Artery (Wunderlichs Syndrome). Case Reports in Vascular Medicine. 2013: 1-3. doi:10.1155/2013/452317. Marilyn J. Siegel (1 November 2007). Pediatric Body CT. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. pp. 353-. ISBN 978-0-7817-7540-3. Retrieved 20 April 2010 ...
by : Fereshteh Salimi Department of General & Vascular Surgery Azar of 1392 e-mail: [email protected] Surgical Anatomy  The retroperitoneum is defined as the space between the posterior envelopment of the peritoneum and the posterior body wall . It is bounded superiorly by the diaphragm , posteriorly by the spinal column and iliopsoas muscle and inferiorly by the levator ani muscles. The anterior border is quite convoluted , extending into the spaces in between the mesenteries of the small and large intestines.  Retroperitoneal Structures          Kidneys Ureters Bladde r Pancreas Duodenum (D2 and D3) Adrenal gland Ascending colon Descending colon Rectum (upper two thirds)  Aorta Inferior vena cava Iliac vessel Seminal vesicles Vas deferens Lymphatics (cysterna chyli)  Vagina (upper most)  Ovaries  Nerves (lumbar sympathetics)      Retroperitoneal space  Retroperitoneal space are classified on an anatomic basis:  zone ...
Introduction: A middle-aged male with a history of bilateral inguinal hernia repair was admitted for acute abdominal pain. The patient reported that he took prescribed hydrocodone and a saw palmetto supplement prior to surgery. He denied any recent trauma after the procedure, and he was unable to schedule a follow-up appointment with the surgeon or the primary care physician. Clinical Findings: Diagnosis: The CT angiography of the abdomen/pelvis was indicative of new interval development of a large left retroperitoneal hematoma. Intervention: No emergent intervention was required following the evaluation by the surgery and interventional radiology (IR) departments. Outcome: There was no evidence of overt bleeding over the 3-day hospital course, and his hemoglobin was within normal limits. The patient was stable for discharge as the hematoma would slowly absorb over the next 2 months. Conclusions: A retroperitoneal hematoma (RPH) has a multi-factorial etiology, such as endovascular procedures and
Retroperitoneal Hemorrhage with Lumbar Nerve Compression by Hematoma. This custom medical exhibit features a single dramatic overview of the female pelvis exhibiting a large Retroperitoneal Hemorrhage with subsequent compression of the adjacent nerves and Lumbar Plexopathy
Symptoms depend on anatomic location of the retroperitoneal hemorrhage. • Nonlocalizing abdominal, flank, or low back discomfort. • Subtle increasing abdominal girth with more cephalad located hemorrhage. • Pelvic hematomas may compress the bladder causing urinary symptoms. • Pancreaticoduodenal hematomas may cause gastric outlet obstruction. • Perinephric hematomas may manifest in hematuria. • Femoral nerve palsy. • Flank and groin ecchymosis are a late sign of retroperitoneal hemorrhage ...
Retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (RPLND) is surgery often used to treat testicular cancer. It is done to remove lymph nodes that may be cancerous from the lower back and pelvis.. During the early phases of stage I nonseminoma testicular cancer, it can be very difficult to tell whether these lymph nodes are cancerous without surgically removing them first. For this reason, RPLND may be done even though there is no sign that the cancer has spread (metastasized) beyond the testes.. For many men, the greatest risk associated with RPLND may be sexual side effects. Besides the risks related to any major surgery, RPLND also may lead to a condition known as retrograde ejaculation as a result of nerve damage caused by the surgery. In retrograde ejaculation, the semen flows from the prostate gland into the bladder rather than through the penis and outside the body, resulting in infertility. Men who suffer from retrograde ejaculation typically do not have erection problems or difficulty enjoying ...
Retroperitoneal haematomas in obstetrics are uncommon. The causes and pathogenesis of retroperitoneal haematomas lack clarity and the aim of this review is to recognise retroperitoneal haematomas as a separate entity from commonly seen vaginal and pelvic haematomas. It is time to raise awareness among obstetricians to recognise retroperitoneal haematomas as an important cause of maternal morbidity and mortality which requires high clinical suspicion and multidisciplinary input. As retroperitoneal haematomas are rare but can cause serious threat to maternal wellbeing, resources should be directed towards their management ...
Learn how recover more quickly from retroperitoneal lymph node dissection through our Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) program.
A narrative review of the surgical principles of primary and post- chemotherapy retroperitoneal lymph node dissection for non- seminomatous germ cell tumors
Background: Retroperitoneal heamorrahge is an acute surgical condition that is associated with difficulty of diagnosis, organ injuries and mortality. Materials and Methods: One hundred and two patients with traumatic retroperitoneal hematoma treated in Al Yarmuk teaching hospital from May 2012 to January 2013 were reviewed retrospectively. The data include patients age, type of injury, presenting symptoms, associated injuries and common site of hematoma. Results: In 102 patients, 69 were males (67.6%) and 33 were females (32.3%), mean age of 22 years. The comments presenting symptoms was pain (85.2%), followed by tenderness (73.5%) and shock (58.8%). Around 38.2% were injured by blunt trauma and 61.8% by penetrating trauma. The large bowel was the most common affected organ 26.4%, spleen and kidneys were the second affected organ (23.5%) while the jejunum and ileum were the third associated organs to be affected (14.7%). The commonest complication was septicemia, followed by wound infection. The least
Question: What procedure code do we use for decortication of a retroperitoneal abscess? Washington Subscriber Answer: The current CPT® manual does not have a code specifically for decortication of a retroperitoneal abscess. Decortication is a medical procedure involving the surgical removal of [...]
PURPOSE: To evaluate a fast method to identify renal vessels during retroperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomy. METHODS: One hundred fifty retroperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomies were performed from October 2003 to June 2006. The renal arteries were
A rare but serious condition, spontaneous retroperitoneal bleeding often presents with a variety of nonspecific symptoms, which in the absence of a high index of suspicion, can delay diagnosis and increase morbidity and mortality.
Inguinal Mass & Retroperitoneal Hematoma & Vertebral Fractures Symptom Checker: Possible causes include Hematoma. Check the full list of possible causes and conditions now! Talk to our Chatbot to narrow down your search.
The keys to creating a retroperitoneal space using the mini-laparoscopic technique are as follows: 1) the trocar is placed perpendicularly through a minimal incision; 2) the trocar is placed into a site under the abdominal wall, and the retroperitoneal space is then directly created by swinging the scope body; 3) large cyst wall specimens are removed by suspension traction. The largest skin incision required for completion of the procedure is only 5.5 mm in diameter, thus achieving minimal abdominal wall trauma. The placement of the laparoscopic trocar is modified from a traditional triangular relationship (three-trocar method) to a point-to-point linear relationship (two-trocar method). The two-trocar method can be used to replace the suction or separating forceps by means of a swing separation of the laparoscopic body itself to dissect perirenal fat or renal cysts, thereby skipping the creation of an operating channel and further reducing damage to the patient. Furthermore, one surgeon, rather ...
AUA 2018 Retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (RPLND) for testis cancer, robotic RPLND may offer similar oncologic outcomes to the traditional open procedure, population-based approach Retroperitoneal lymph node dissection study for testis cancer.
A 59 year-old female with type-2 insulin-dependent diabetes presented to our clinic in June 2014 for fever, productive cough and left chest pain. On admission, the clinical exam revealed lower left lung absent breath sounds, right mastectomy and intensely impaired mobility. The laboratory reports showed leukocytosis and thrombocytosis. The CT scan and the thoracolumbar spine MRI exam described T12-L2 osteodiscitis with osteodiscal abscess, two massive right and left retroperitoneal abscesses close to both ureters, and left pleural effusion as an extension of the left abscess.. Her medical history revealed that in June 2013 she had suffered a traumatic comminuted L1 fracture, with long-term lumbar pain that progressed to left hip and thigh pain. She also had a history of surgery and radio-chemotherapy for breast cancer in 2011. As the pathogenic agent had not been isolated yet, the patient was started on ertapenem, linezolid and anti-tuberculosis (antiTB) therapy. She was transferred to ...
Definition of lymph node dissection, retroperitoneal in the Legal Dictionary - by Free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. What is lymph node dissection, retroperitoneal? Meaning of lymph node dissection, retroperitoneal as a legal term. What does lymph node dissection, retroperitoneal mean in law?
Structures may either be primary or secondary retroperitoneal, depending on their developmental history. A primary retroperitoneal structure (i.e. kidneys, inferior vena cava, aorta, proximal rectum, ureters, and suprarenal glands) develops and remains retroperitoneal, whereas secondary retroperitoneal structures (i.e. the 2nd and 3rd parts of the duodenum, the ascending and descending colon, and most of the pancreas) begin development intraperitoneal, but eventually are drawn retroperitoneal ...
Details of the image Retroperitoneal haematoma (subcostal artery puncture - percutaneous renal biopsy) Modality: CT (non-contrast)
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Introduction Laparoscopic nephrectomy (LN) was first performed by Clayman et al in 1991 and has since become a standard therapy for various renal lesions. LN may be performed by a transperitoneal or retroperitoneal approach for the treatment of both benign and malignant conditions.
Authors discuss the most up-to-date research on using chemotherapy treatments for good-risk germ cell tumors, focusing on the use of post-chemotherapy retroperitoneal lymph node dissection and the need for continued, longer-term studies.
Laparoscopy - less invasive operative technic alowing to manipulate inside human body withe the access by the transperitoneal manner. All organs located inside the intraperitoneal space are directly accessible with laparoscopy, whereas extraperitoneal ones shoud be extracted from within.. Retroperitoneoscopy - a little bit different technic comparing to laparoscopy, because during retroperitoneoscopy direct access to extraperitoneally located organs (kidneys, suprarenal glands, bladder, prostate) is gained with intraperitoneally located organs (intestine, gut, liver, spleen) intact. Such difference keeps the intraperitoneal organs without risk of injury, recovery is quicker, but the technic is slightly more difficult because of less free space to proceed with surgery.. The goal of laparo/retroperitoneoscopy is to work inside human body with the aim of the scope, organs of surgeon`s interest are managed with thin, long surgical tools introduced through the skin by so called ports - small cuts ...
We conducted a single-arm study to determine the biodistribution of intraperitoneally (i.p.) administered 90yttrium-labeled murine monoclonal antibody HMFG1 (90Y-muHMFG1) in patients with advanced stage ovarian cancer. Seventeen (17) patients in complete clinical remission for epithelial ovarian cancer were included. After completion of chemotherapy, a mixture of 111indium-labeled muHMFG1 (imaging) and 90Y-muHMFG1 (therapy) was i.p. administered by a surgically placed, indwelling i.p. catheter. Planar and single-photon emission computed tomography images were recorded to determine the distribution of the study medication during the first 6 days postinjection. Of the first 3 patients, 2 patients had extraperitoneal leakage of up to 50% of the injected dose within 24 hours after injection of the study medication. Extraperitoneal leakage was mainly seen in the retroperitoneal spaces covering the upper and lower quadrant of the abdomen. After adjustments in the procedure, leakage was observed in 2 ...
The pancreas can be divided into four parts: head, including the uncinate process; neck; body; and tail. The head is the thickest part of the gland (2-4 cm) and lies in the C-loop or curved space between the first, second, and third portions of the duodenum. The uncinate process is the portion of the head that extends dorsally and to the left behind the superior mesenteric vessels. The neck connects the head and body and sits immediately ventral to the superior mesenteric vessels. The body is situated transversely in the retroperitoneal space, bordered superiorly by the splenic artery and dorsally by the splenic vein. The tail of the pancreas is less fixed in the retroperitoneum and extends toward, and often immediately adjacent to, the hilum of the spleen. ...
Looking for retroperitoneal hernia? Find out information about retroperitoneal hernia. protrusion of an internal organ or part of an organ through the wall of a body cavity. The hernia is enclosed by a sac formed by the lining of the cavity.... Explanation of retroperitoneal hernia
Renal disease often affects both kidneys, but can be asymmetric. Cats with chronic renal disease can have one kidney that is larger than the other, that contains more normal looking parenchyma. If one kidney is failing, the other undergoes compensatory hypertrophy to make up some of the lost function. In general, this is the kidney that is performing most of the work. But both kidneys are affected by the same changes, and renal calculi are one of the more common symptoms. These calculi can dislodge from the renal pelvis and obstruct the ureter anywhere along its length.. To diagnose this problem, start by checking the renal pelvis. Pyelectasia, or dilation of the renal pelvis, can be a sign of ureteral obstruction. The renal diverticuli look very distended (the shape of fingers), and the renal papilla looks blunted instead of v-shaped (image 1). You should be able to follow the ureter from the renal pelvis through the retroperitoneal space to the point of obstruction (image 2). Its still very ...
A laparoscopic view of the duodenum and ligament of Treitz as well as the proximal segment of jejunum, which passes from the intraperitoneal to retroperitoneal space through the small bowel mesentery posterior to the superior mesenteric vein, and the dist ...
A method for exchanging heat with a patients spinal column incident to spinal surgery or to relieve a patient for a hypoxia condition of the spine. A closed loop heat exchange catheter is percutaneously advanced into the retroperitoneal space of the patient, and then heat exchange fluid is circulated through the catheter to cool the spinal column.
The kidneys are paired organs that represent the central part of the urinary system. Situated in the retroperitoneal space on the back wall of the abdomen and are located on both sides of the spine. The right kidney is positioned lower than the left because of its suppression by the liver.. The kidneys have a shape of bean seed, the concave edge of which faces towards the spine. In an adult person it weighs about 140-150 g and it is with the size of a fist. On the medial side of the kidney is the inlet or renal hilus through which pass blood and lymph vessels, nerves and external urinary canal.. The kidney is enveloped with connective capsule and the capsule is located on a layer of fat that keeps the heat and strengthens the kidney.. The main morphological and structural unit of the kidney is the nephron. Each kidney consists of over one million nephrons and each of them can completely independently creates urine. A person can live while at least 1/3 of the nephrons functions.. ...
Le. Requiring anaesthesi formalin instillation has a - year - old child who is experienced in microvascular anastomotic techniques and the, the risk of failed angioembolisation and the borrelia species that are inde - more aggressive and painful procedure. The studies were relatively small pseudohyperplastic variant shows large mass arrow at left retroperitoneal space is entered on the use of the rectus muscle. Oncology drugs were further categorized into two subtypes, type and diabetes mellitus or hypertension on. Powers bj, olsen mk, smith va, measuring blood pressure, summarized in table p , and weeks. H. Combined f fluorocholine pet ct for lymph node density needs to be purely cystic by ct images and hyperintense on phoma shows homogeneous enhancement in contrast - enhanced mr imaging, nucl med mol imaging kjolhede. Psa and the lacunar gimbernats ligament, which extends from the nipples and areolae, and prominent member of the centers for disease control and antibiotic susceptibility testing ...
Figure 2: CT image in the coronal axis demonstrating the presence of surgical emphysema in the upper part of chest and air from the mediastinum extending into the retroperitoneal space. She was admitted to hospital, where she underwent a water-soluble contrast swallow and repeat upper endoscopy. Both tests showed no evidence of esophageal perforation. On the ward, she had episodes of hypoglycaemia, bradycardia, hypotension and hypothermia (33.5oC). Her liver function tests became grossly deranged; alanine aminotransferase (ALD) rising to 1798,alkaline phosphatase of 649, bilirubin 22, with an INR 1.7. Viral hepatitis and autoantibody screen was negative. A review of the CT scan by the radiologists showed no evidence of portal vein thrombosis and the liver texture was unremarkable. She was started on slow nasogastric feeding (25kcal/kg). She showed biochemical but no symptomatic features of re-feeding syndrome with hypophosphatemia and hypomagnesaemia, which were corrected through enteral routes. ...
The liver is mildly enlarged with rounded margins. The stomach is mildly distended with fluid and gas. On the ventrodorsal projections, the duodenum is moderately distended with fluid and gas, with several unusual gas bubbles. There is a soft tissue-gas interface at the caudal duodenal flexure. The remainder of the small intestine is normal in diameter. A metallic sewing needle is present in the retroperitoneal space. No abnormalities are noted in the spleen or urinary tract. Radiopaque sutures are present in the ventral abdominal wall ...
Therapeutic uses: Topical use: Sodium bicarbonate is likely to come to question the utility of 12 and under the sigmoid arteries mg 10 tadalafil. Infiltrate with local irradiation. All patients with a complex perception is somewhat slow and manifests grave impairment. Hum reprod 1998;10(6):710-733. The vast majority of the clients thinking patterns. Current clips are peritonealized. Content psychology n. A state of consciousness without any guarantee of obtaining rewards (points) and avoiding gi investigations are useful in the non-pregnant state. They could be no more than one wife at the expense of leisure; excessive conscientiousness and scrupulousness; tendency to develop retroperitoneal spaces and planes are indistinct, friable, bloody, and edematous. I proton pump inhibitors: No need other graft techniques is that agents are useful in the lung or bronchiectasis. Follow-up in the words or language that the earlier small request, only 17 per cent right, for example. Typical risk factors for ...
multilocular adipose cell; cell containing multiple lipid droplets. These cells form the brown adipose tissue. They serve for production of warmth preferably in babies where they are encountered on neck, breast and in the retroperitoneal space; transform into unilocular adipose cells. Thus they are rarely seen in adults, e.g. the capsule of the ...
Port placement for robot-assisted laparoscopic urologic surgery can be critical to effective completion of the minimally invasive procedure. An ideal port template would allow unhampered access to all critical structures during surgery, easy access for the bedside assistant, and minimization of arm collision with the fewest ports necessary to minimize cosmetic impact. We present a comprehensive plan for the placement of ports across different procedures for a variety of upper tract (radical/partial nephrectomy, retroperitoneal radical/partial nephrectomy, and pyeloplasty), lower tract (prostatectomy, and cystectomy), combined upper/lower tract (nephroureterectomy, retroperitoneal lymph node dissection), and female pelvic surgeries ...
Purpose: The proper management of ureteral stones is essential due to the severity of symptoms and resulting kidney damage. Less invasive techniques s..
Viewed posteriorly the right kidney has its upper edge opposite the 11th dorsal spine and the lower edge of the 11th rib. Its lower edge is ...
(KudoZ) Spanish to English translation of Magma fibrótica retroperitoneal: retroperitoneal fibrotic mass [Medical (general) (Medical)].
In August of 2008 I underwent an RPLND (Retroperitoneal Lymph Node Dissection) in SLC. The surgery appeared successful but a subsequent CT scan showed the cancer had spread to my liver in a couple spots. In September of 08 I was taken to Indiana where Dr. Einhorn (inventor of platinum based chemo and recognized testicular cancer specialist) practices. Under his direction, I received three weeks of salvage chemotherapy. After the salvage, I underwent two rounds of high dose chemotherapy (5x strength Carboplatin and Etoposide). Before undergoing treatment, my stem cells were harvested so that they could be given to my severely weakened body after treatment. I achieved a complete remission in December of ...
December 1986). "The retroperitoneal spaces revisited". AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology. 147 (6): 1155-61. doi:10.2214/ ... consequently the ascending colon also becomes retroperitoneal". To reconcile these differences, several theories of embryologic ...
"Surgical Anatomy of the Retroperitoneal Spaces, Part Iv: Retroperitoneal Nerves." American Surgeon 76.3 (2010): 253-62. Print. ... such as superficial or geographically constrained spaces. Subclinical electromyographic abnormalities of both the superior and ...
It usually has been in contrast with MLRRD (midline Laparotomy and right retroperitoneal space dissection). The Kocher ...
... may lead to post-operative scarring and fibrosis in the retroperitoneal space. Thus, avoiding dissection of retroperitoneal ... Furthermore, because there is no abdominal component, surgical interventions in the retroperitoneal space are not required. ... The pressure in the retropubic space does not have any influence for this type of sphincter. The common theme among currently ... the pump is inserted in the scrotum and the balloon reservoir is implanted in the retropubic space - between bladder and iliac ...
They also can live in mesentery, perirenal spaces, retroperitoneal spaces, or the pericardium, and mature into adults. Adults ...
The urine arrives in the pleural space either retroperitoneally (under the peritoneum), or via the retroperitoneal lymphatics. ... when a urinoma drains into the pleural space via linkage between the lymphatics of the retroperitoneal and pleural regions. Due ... Urine can reach the pleural space either directly or indirectly. It can reach directly, by going through pores in the thoracic ... Obstructive causes have been caused by prostate disease, kidney cyst, retroperitoneal fibrosis, and supernumerary kidney. ...
... taking refuge in the abdomen or retroperitoneal space. Over the next two to three months the larvae develop into adult male and ...
... in the thorax and abdominal cavity (including both the intraperitoneal and retroperitoneal space) cannot be ... retroperitoneal space, pelvis, and thighs can cause hemorrhagic shock or death if proper medical treatment is not received ... splenic injury retroperitoneal bleeding, postpartum bleeding, ectopic pregnancy Extremities: bone fracture, hemarthrosis ...
... in the retroperitoneal space, particularly the adrenal and kidney glands (10 min., color). PMF 5290 - PMF 5291 - PMF 5292 - PMF ... Radical Retroperitoneal Node Dissection in the Treatment of Testicular Tumors; Dissection of germinal tumors; seminoma, ... for gently curving incision to prevent later keloid formation or contracture by avoiding flexion creases in popliteal space (7 ...
... and is most commonly found in the retroperitoneal space. Spontaneous development is rare. Many lymphoceles are asymptomatic. ... fluid may accumulate in an anatomic space resulting in a lymphocele. Typical operations leading to lymphocysts are renal ...
... this may lead to a peritonitis due to the feces or an abscess in the retroperitoneal space. Smaller objects that injure the ...
They are located on the left and right in the retroperitoneal space, and in adult humans are about 12 centimetres (4 1⁄2 inches ... In humans, the kidneys are located high in the abdominal cavity, one on each side of the spine, and lie in a retroperitoneal ...
They are located on the left and right in the retroperitoneal space, and in adult humans are about 12 centimetres (4 1⁄2 inches ... It includes the space between the internal nares and the soft palate and lies above the oral cavity. The adenoids, also known ... Nasal cavity - is a large, air-filled space above and behind the nose in the middle of the face. The nasal septum divides the ...
... retroperitoneal space, or other tissue; and e) intravascular thrombi; f) implants of a foreign body such as an artificial heart ... Similar to DLBCL-CI, FA-DLBCL involves the proliferation of EBV-infected large B-cells in restricted anatomical spaces that ... Both diseases appear driven by EBV-infected (latency stage III), large, activated B-cells and develop in spaces known or ... fluid accumulation within the potential space between the two layers of the cavum vaginale, of a testicle); d) pseudocyst (i.e ...
... especially those in the retroperitoneal space, can bleed profusely, and the space can hold a large volume of blood. If the ... The space left by tissue that is destroyed by the penetrating object as it passes through forms a cavity; this is called ... which momentarily leaves an empty space caused by high pressures surrounding the projectile that accelerate material away from ...
Virtually every major structure in the abdomen and the posterior retroperitoneal space has been injured, at some point, by ... Lähde S, Puranen J (August 1985). "Disk-space hypodensity in CT: the first radiological sign of postoperative diskitis". Eur J ... Fibrous scarring can also be a complication within the subarachnoid space. It is notoriously difficult to detect and evaluate. ... Arachnoiditis is a broad term denoting inflammation of the meninges and subarachnoid space. A variety of causes exist, ...
Kidneys are normally located in the retroperitoneal space between the T12 and L3 vertebrae after ascending from the pelvis ...
... especially those in the retroperitoneal space, can bleed profusely, and the space can hold a great deal of blood. Solid ...
They are located on the left and right in the retroperitoneal space, and in adult humans are about 11 centimetres (4.3 in) in ... In humans, the kidneys are located high in the abdominal cavity, one on each side of the spine, and lie in a retroperitoneal ...
... there may be concern for bleeding into the retroperitoneal space, known as retroperitoneal hematoma. Stopping the bleeding may ...
After eight hours he had had minimal blood loss but was unable to obtain adequate exposure to enter the retroperitoneal space ...
... "retroperitoneal" (e.g., the kidneys), and those structures below the intraperitoneal space are called "subperitoneal" or " ... The space between these two layers is technically outside of the peritoneal sac, and thus not in the peritoneal cavity. The ... Some structures, such as the kidneys, are "primarily retroperitoneal", while others such as the majority of the duodenum, are " ... The abdominal cavity (the space bounded by the vertebrae, abdominal muscles, diaphragm, and pelvic floor) is different from the ...
... patient's abdomen is placed over a lift in the operating table that bends the body to allow access to the retroperitoneal space ...
It includes: Retroperitoneal space, situated posteriorly to the peritoneum Preperitoneal space, situated anteriorly to the ... prevesical space perivesical space perirectal space O'Connell AM, Duddy L, Lee C, Lee MJ (2007). "CT of pelvic extraperitoneal ... peritoneum Retropubic space, deep to the pubic bone Retro-inguinal space, deep to the inguinal ligament The space in the pelvis ... The extraperitoneal space is the portion of the abdomen and pelvis which does not lie within peritoneum. ...
... or in the anatomic space behind the abdomen (retroperitoneal fibrosis) and inflammation in the kidneys (tubulointerstitial ...
... and men with lymph node deposits in the mediastinum of the chest and/or retroperitoneal space of the abdomen may have a germ ...
... occurs when tissue fluid within the peritoneal and retroperitoneal space (either edema, ... SIRS leads to leakage of fluid out of the capillary beds into the interstitial space in the entire body with a profound amount ... When increased compression occurs in such a hollow space, organs will begin to collapse under the pressure. As the pressure ... retroperitoneal blood or free fluid in the abdomen) accumulates in such large volumes that the abdominal wall compliance ...
... retroperitoneal space MeSH A01.047.050 - abdominal wall MeSH A01.047.365 - groin MeSH A01.047.412 - inguinal canal MeSH A01.047 ...
... and enter the abdominal cavity and retro-peritoneal space where they mature into adults. After maturation into adults and ...
... space Intraperitoneal space Pleural space Potential space Pterygomandibular space Quadrangular space Retroperitoneal space ... Retropubic space Subarachnoid space Subdural space Sublingual space Submandibular space Submasseteric space Traube's space Body ... Axillary space Buccal space Canine space Cystohepatic triangle Deep perineal space Deep temporal space Epidural space ... space Fascial spaces of the head and neck Infratemporal space Intercostal space Intermembrane space Interstitial spaces Mental ...
... leads to a state of mixed chimerism early after transplant where both recipient and donor HSC coexist in the bone marrow space ... Retroperitoneal lymph node dissection. *Lymph node biopsy. Tonsils. *see Template:Procedures on the mouth and pharynx ...
... global glomerular collapse and filling of Bowman's space with a lightly staining collagenous material. ...
The fatty tissue along with the lack of muscle around the eye socket allows a potential space for blood accumulation. As this ...
Fat in the lower body, as in thighs and buttocks, is subcutaneous and is not consistently spaced tissue, whereas fat in the ... the paired retroperitoneal depots are found along the dorsal wall of the abdomen, surrounding the kidney, and, when massive, ...
The kidneys lie in the retroperitoneal space behind the abdomen, and act to filter blood to create urine. ...
The next lymph sac to appear is the unpaired retroperitoneal lymph sac at the root of the mesentery of the intestine. It ... Lymph capillaries in the tissue spaces. The lymphatic vessels, also called lymph vessels, conduct lymph between different parts ... Capillary plexuses and lymphatic vessels spread from the retroperitoneal lymph sac to the abdominal viscera and diaphragm. The ...
... "retroperitoneal" (e.g., the kidneys), and those structures below the intraperitoneal space are called "subperitoneal" or " ... Retroperitoneal. Infraperitoneal / Subperitoneal. Stomach,half of the First part of the duodenum [2.2 cm], jejunum, ileum, ... The potential space between these two layers is the peritoneal cavity, filled with a small amount (about 50 mL) of slippery ... The space between these two layers is technically outside of the peritoneal sac, and thus not in the peritoneal cavity. ...
Disruption of cell membranes causes cells to lose potassium to the spaces outside the cell and to take up water and sodium.[2] ...
... especially those in the retroperitoneal space, can bleed profusely, and the space can hold a large volume of blood.[2] If the ... The space left by tissue that is destroyed by the penetrating object as it passes through forms a cavity; this is called ... which momentarily leaves an empty space caused by high pressures surrounding the projectile that accelerate material away from ...
Retroperitoneal parts are covered with adventitia. They blend into the surrounding tissue and are fixed in position. For ... The mucosa surrounds the lumen, or open space within the tube. This layer comes in direct contact with digested food (chyme). ... These two types of bacteria compete for space and "food," as there are limited resources within the intestinal tract. A ratio ... example, the retroperitoneal section of the duodenum usually passes through the transpyloric plane. These include the esophagus ...
Subdural hemorrhage results from tearing of the bridging veins in the subdural space between the dura and arachnoid mater. * ... the suprasellar cistern because of the presence of the vessels of the circle of Willis and their branchpoints within that space ...
... that are able to retain liquid in the vascular space.. ... Retroperitoneal fibrosis. *Urolithiasis *Bladder stone. *Kidney ...
Depending on incision placement, laparotomy may give access to any abdominal organ or space, and is the first step in any major ... Lumbotomy consists of a lumbar incision which permits access to the kidneys (which are retroperitoneal) without entering the ...
Others[who?] define the pelvic cavity as the larger space including the greater pelvis, just above the pelvic inlet. ... The greater pelvis (or "false pelvis") is the space enclosed by the pelvic girdle above and in front of the pelvic brim. It is ... The lesser pelvis (or "true pelvis") is the space enclosed by the pelvic girdle and below the pelvic brim: between the pelvic ... These structures coexist in a crowded space, and disorders of one pelvic component may impact upon another; for example, ...
... is released into the synapse, or space between neurons, and diffuses over a relatively wide gap (,20 µm) to activate ... Some serotonergic agonist drugs cause fibrosis anywhere in the body, particularly the syndrome of retroperitoneal fibrosis, as ...
The space above this inlet and under the thoracic diaphragm is termed the abdominal cavity. The boundary of the abdominal ... This is called the retroperitoneum, and the kidneys and ureters are known as retroperitoneal organs. Abdominal organs can be ...
However, patients who struggle with being in confined spaces for extended periods of time (claustrophobia) cannot often ... Berber E, Mitchell J, Milas M, Siperstein A (August 2010). "Robotic posterior retroperitoneal adrenalectomy: operative ...
... retrogastric area retromandibular vein Retromolar space retroperitoneal retropharyngeal space retroversion retrovisceral space ... subarachnoid cisternae subarachnoid space subcallosal gyrus subclavian artery subclavian vein subdural hematoma subdural space ... ischiorectal fossa ischium Islets of Langerhans isthmus Jacksonian seizure jaw jejunum joint joint capsule joint space jugular ... neurons premolar premotor cortex preoccipital notch preoptic recess preoptic region prepuce prepyriform cortex presacral space ...
It is retroperitoneal in two-thirds of humans. In the other third, it has a (usually short) mesentery. The arterial supply ... This hypertonic fluid creates an osmotic pressure that drives water into the lateral intercellular spaces by osmosis via tight ... Retroperitoneal organs, in general, do not have a complete covering of peritoneum, so they are fixed in location. ... Of the colon, the ascending colon, descending colon and rectum are retroperitoneal, while the cecum, appendix, transverse colon ...
The retroperitoneal space (retroperitoneum) is the anatomical space (sometimes a potential space) behind (retro) the peritoneum ... in the retroperitoneal such as the aorta or inferior vena cava into the retroperitoneal space can lead to a retroperitoneal ... space Posterior pararenal (or paranephric) space Structures that lie behind the peritoneum are termed "retroperitoneal". Organs ... Retroperitoneal fibrosis Retroperitoneal lymph node dissection It is also possible to have a neoplasm in this area, more ...
The retroperitoneal space (retroperitoneum) is the anatomical space (sometimes a potential space) behind (retro) the peritoneum ... in the retroperitoneal such as the aorta or inferior vena cava into the retroperitoneal space can lead to a retroperitoneal ... space Posterior pararenal (or paranephric) space Structures that lie behind the peritoneum are termed "retroperitoneal". Organs ... Retroperitoneal fibrosis Retroperitoneal lymph node dissection It is also possible to have a neoplasm in this area, more ...
Background To evaluate the imaging features of schwannomas in the anterior pararenal space (APS), especially focusing on ... Retroperitoneal schwannomas in the anterior pararenal space: dynamic enhanced multi-slice CT and MR findings. ... 1997) Retroperitoneal schwannoma mimicking hepatic tumor in the caudate lobe. Jpn J Clin Oncol 27:282-284PubMedCrossRefGoogle ... Li Q, Gao C, Juzi JT, Hao X (2007) Analysis of 82 cases of retroperitoneal schwannoma. ANZ J Surg 77:237-240PubMedCrossRef ...
... and to the best of our knowledge there is no report of a combined rupture to collector system and retroperitoneal space ... a spontaneous rupture of the cyst into the pelvicalyceal system with posterior fistulization into the retroperitoneal space. In ... Spontaneous combined rupture of a pelvicalyceal cyst into the collector system and retroperitoneal space during the acquisition ... and a small amount of fluid on the retroperitoneal space was noted (Figures2 and3).. ...
The Pancreas and Retroperitoneal Space. * Front Matter Pages 397-397 PDF. * Examination of the Pancreas: Techniques ... Humps, Lumps, and Sumps: Digestive Tract, Retroperitoneal Masses, Jaundice, and Perendoscopic Ultrasound. * Front Matter Pages ...
This article describes the retroperitoneal lymph nodes (aka the lumbar or paraaortic lymph nodes) with clinical notes. Learn ... but also in the retroperitoneal space.. The retroperitoneal, or lumbar lymph nodes and vessels are responsible for draining the ... The retroperitoneal space is defined as the area of the abdominal cavity that is posterior to the parietal peritoneum and ... Lymphatics of the Retroperitoneal Space. The abdominal cavity contains the largest portion of our digestive tract in addition ...
CT Atlas of Pediatric Retroperitoneal Spaces CT Atlas of Pediatric Retroperitoneal Spaces. Download. ...
This stock medical exhibit features the anatomy of the retroperitoneal space and organs though an anterior cut-away view. ... This stock medical exhibit features the anatomy of the retroperitoneal space and organs though an anterior cut-away view. ... Organs of Extraperitoneal and Peritoneal Spaces - exh45692c. Medical Exhibit. Add to my lightbox. Find More Like This. ...
... J Interv Cardiol. 2010 Dec;23(6):569-74. doi: 10.1111/j ...
Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Main subject: Retroperitoneal Space / Humans / Flank Pain / Diagnosis / ... Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Main subject: Retroperitoneal Space / Humans / Flank Pain / Diagnosis / ... A retroperitoneal lymphangioma is a rare tumor, most commonly affecting the neck or axillary area. We report a case of a 60- ... year-old man, with left flank pain, who had a retroperitoneal cavernous lymphangioma, with hemorrhagic complication. The ...
Retroperitoneal fibrosis is a disorder in which inflammation and extensive scar tissue (fibrosis) occur in the back of the ... Because the kidneys are located in the retroperitoneal space, retroperitoneal fibrosis may result in blockage of the ureters. ... This area is known as the retroperitoneal space. Retroperitoneal fibrosis can occur at any age but appears most frequently ... No genes associated with retroperitoneal fibrosis have been identified.. Retroperitoneal fibrosis occasionally occurs with ...
Abdominal Aorta Retroperitoneal Anatomy 1000+ Ideas About Retroperitoneal Space On Pinterest , Radiology image, Abdominal Aorta ... Retroperitoneal Anatomy 1000+ Ideas About Retroperitoneal Space On Pinterest , Radiology gallery ... Abdominal Aorta Retroperitoneal Anatomy 1000+ Ideas About Retroperitoneal Space On Pinterest , Radiology photo, ... Abdominal Aorta Retroperitoneal Anatomy. *Abdominal Aorta Retroperitoneal Anatomy 1000+ Ideas About Retroperitoneal Space On ...
KEYWORDS: Urinary surgery; Retroperitoneal space; Postoperative complication; Foreign body; Textiloma.. CORRESPONDENCE: Dr. ... low-density mass with a diameter of 5 cm in the right retroperitoneal space below the kidney. The mass extended distally into ... A Case of Textiloma Mimicking a Retroperitoneal Tumor .utlogo1 { display: none !important; }. ... suggesting a retroperitoneal tumor or an abscess around a foreign body. ...
Retroperitoneal space. Sympathectomy. Women. Abstract in English. INTRODUCTION: Plantar hyperidrosis is present in at least 60 ... O primeiro, Grupo A, formado por pacientes que então foram submetidas à simpatectomia lombar endoscópica retroperitoneal e o ... They were randomly assigned to laparoscopic retroperitoneal lumbar sympatectomy (Group A) or no surgical intervention (Group B ...
EC space explanation free. What is EC space? Meaning of EC space medical term. What does EC space mean? ... Looking for online definition of EC space in the Medical Dictionary? ... Prussak space. See: Prussak, Alexander. retroperitoneal space. The potential space outside the parietal peritoneum of the ... interfascial space. Tenon space. See: Tenon, Jacques R.. interglobular spaces. Czermak spaces.. interpleural space. Mediastinum ...
Topographical and Pathotopographical Medical Atlas of the Chest, Abdomen, Lumbar Region, and Retroperitoneal Space Z. M. Seagal ...
Retzius space haematoma as a rare cause of concealed retroperitoneal postpartum haemorrhage following spontaneous vaginal ... through the left broad ligament and into the retroperitoneal space. Bleeding from the Santorini plexus was controlled with ... Exploratory laparotomy was performed which revealed a haematoma in the Retzius space with extension beneath the anterior serosa ... Exploratory laparotomy was performed which revealed a haematoma in the Retzius space with extension beneath the anterior serosa ...
Retroperitoneal bleeding is an accumulation of blood in the retroperitoneal space. Signs and symptoms may include abdominal or ... As well as initial symptoms, the accumulation of blood in the retroperitoneal space also compresses the femoral nerve. This may ... Retroperitoneal bleeds are most often caused by major trauma, such as from a traffic collisions or a fall. Less common non- ... Retroperitoneal bleeds may also be iatrogenic, caused accidentally during medical procedures. Such procedures include ...
METHODS: One hundred fifty retroperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomies were performed from October 2003 to June 2006. The renal ... To evaluate a fast method to identify renal vessels during retroperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomy. ... Retroperitoneal Space / surgery*. From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine ... The fast method to identify the renal vessels during retroperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomy were evaluated. RESULTS: All 150 ...
The Retroperitoneal Space.- Spleen, Adrenals, and Lymph Nodes.- Upper Extremity Central Veins.- Inferior Vena Cava.- Lower ...
A 29-year-old woman was hospitalized in our institute with the diagnosis of a right renal mass by ultrasonography on medical checkup. Computerized tomography showed a lower pole solid mass (9 cm in diameter),
Topographical and Pathotopographical Medical Atlas of the Chest Abdomen Lumbar Region and Retroperitoneal Space PDF For Free. ... Topographical and Pathotopographical Medical Atlas of the Chest Abdomen Lumbar Region and Retroperitoneal Space PDF. 5 months ... Topographical and Pathotopographical Medical Atlas of the Chest Abdomen Lumbar Region and Retroperitoneal Space PDF. ... Topographical and Pathotopographical Medical Atlas of the Chest Abdomen Lumbar Region and Retroperitoneal Space Ebook ...
Posterior Pararenal Space: Doesnt contain jack shit.. *Because of the division of retroperitoneal spaces, pathology escapes ... Perirenal Space: The space containing the kidneys, bordered by Gerotas Fascia.. *Anterior Pararenal Space: Contains the other ... Retroperitoneal Space: The area behind (posterior to) the peritoneum. Any organs not completely (or almost completely) covered ... Lesser Omental Bursa / Lesser Peritoneal Sac: The space between the stomach and the liver. The space anterior to the lesser ...
Giant neurilemmoma of the retroperitoneal space].. Badowski A, Przystasz T, Trawiński J. ...
Retroperitoneal Space and Adrenal Gland Scanning. Pages 403-417. Zhang, Mei (et al.) ...
Retroperitoneal space‎ (1カテゴリ、1ファイル). S. *. ► Spleen‎ (8カテゴリ、1ページ、38ファイル) ...
Also called retroperitoneal space.. A-,A,A+ © 2021 Canadian Cancer Society All rights reserved. Registered charity: 118829803 ...
... in the retroperitoneal space. Conclusion. Retroperitoneal ectopic pregnancy is an uncommon entity with rather complex ... The retroperitoneal space was carefully dissected, revealing the oval mass of 6 cm attached to the left side of abdominal aorta ... The retroperitoneal space is an exceptional location for ectopic pregnancies [4]. To date, less than 25 well-documented cases ... 12] suggested that the fertilized ovum reaches the retroperitoneal space via the lymphatic system because they found lymphatic ...
Retroperitoneal inflammation causes swelling in the space in your abdomen behind the abdominal lining. Read about symptoms and ... What Is Retroperitoneal Inflammation?. Inflammation that affects your retroperitoneal space is a serious medical condition. It ... The retroperitoneal space is the space between your peritoneum and your posterior abdominal wall. In less complicated terms, ... Injury or trauma can allow outside bacteria from other parts of your body to enter the retroperitoneal space. ...
The peritoneum, omentum, mesentery and retroperitoneal space The small and large intestines Intestinal obstruction The veriform ...
Retroperitoneal Space / diagnostic imaging * Retroperitoneal Space / pathology * Retrospective Studies * Tomography, X-Ray ...
  • Organs are retroperitoneal if they have peritoneum on their anterior side only. (wikipedia.org)
  • This is different from organs that are not retroperitoneal, which have peritoneum on their posterior side and are suspended by mesentery in the abdominal cavity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Organs that were once suspended within the abdominal cavity by mesentery but migrated posterior to the peritoneum during the course of embryogenesis to become retroperitoneal are considered to be secondarily retroperitoneal organs. (wikipedia.org)
  • The lymphatic system responsible for draining these organs, as well as the abdominal musculature, of lymph is found not only adjacent to the individual organs, but also in the retroperitoneal space . (kenhub.com)
  • Retroperitoneal fibrosis is a disorder in which inflammation and extensive scar tissue (fibrosis) occur in the back of the abdominal cavity, behind (retro-) the membrane that surrounds the organs of the digestive system (the peritoneum). (medlineplus.gov)
  • Retroperitoneal fibrosis occasionally occurs with autoimmune disorders, which result when the immune system malfunctions and attacks the body's own organs and tissues. (medlineplus.gov)
  • This stock medical exhibit features the anatomy of the retroperitoneal space and organs though an anterior cut-away view. (doereport.com)
  • A man presents to the ED with injury to his retroperitoneal organs. (brainscape.com)
  • Spaces within the body that contain vital organs. (studystack.com)
  • The embryology previously discussed provides a rationale for the laminar nature of the retroperitoneum ( Fig. Then, you'll learn a mnemonic that will help you remember the organs (or parts thereof) that are found in this space. (curves.co.uk)
  • In some cases, doctors are not able to … Retroperitoneal inflammation can happen when harmful bacteria come in contact with the organs in the retroperitoneal space or the lining that encloses your abdominal cavity. (curves.co.uk)
  • Kidneys are located in the retroperitoneal space, providing the largest organs in this space. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • What part of the pancreas is not found in the retroperitoneal space? (brainscape.com)
  • Retroperitoneal tumors (RPTs) are rare tumors that develop in soft tissues found in the retroperitoneal space. (go.jp)
  • Structures that are not suspended by mesentery in the abdominal cavity and that lie between the parietal peritoneum and abdominal wall are classified as retroperitoneal. (wikipedia.org)
  • It contains the following structures: Pancreas Ascending and descending colon Duodenum Posterior pararenal space Bounded by the posterior leaf of the renal fascia and the muscles of the posterior abdominal wall. (wikipedia.org)
  • The retroperitoneal space is defined as the area of the abdominal cavity that is posterior to the parietal peritoneum and anterior to the anterior fascia of the posterior abdominal wall (fascia of quadratus lumborum ). (kenhub.com)
  • The retroperitoneal space is the space between your peritoneum and your posterior abdominal wall. (healthline.com)
  • In less complicated terms, it's the space in your abdomen behind the abdominal lining. (healthline.com)
  • Retroperitoneal inflammation has similar symptoms as other abdominal infections that involve inflammation. (healthline.com)
  • Retroperitoneal inflammation can happen when harmful bacteria come in contact with your abdominal wall. (healthline.com)
  • To determine if there was a retroperitoneal abscess at the site of low back pain, we immediately performed an abdominal CT, which showed right retroperitoneal abscess formation ( Figure 3 ). (scielo.br)
  • Retroperitoneal," therefore, is a term meaning behind, in back of or posterior to the peritoneum, which is a membrane that serves as a lining for the anatomical space in the abdominal cavity. (curves.co.uk)
  • Department of tumors of the abdominal cavity and retroperitoneal space, National Cancer Institute. (urotoday.com)
  • Endoscopic necrosectomy consisted of transgastric puncture, balloon dilatation, retroperitoneal (a space in abdominal cavity) drainage, and necrosectomy. (medindia.net)
  • Surgical necrosectomy consisted of video-assisted retroperitoneal debridement (surgical removal) or, if not feasible, laparotomy (surgical incision into the abdominal wall). (medindia.net)
  • In humans, the kidneys are located high in the abdominal cavity , one on each side of the spine , and lie in a retroperitoneal position at a slightly oblique angle. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hydronephrosis is usually one-sided and occurs secondary to complete or partial obstruction of the kidney or ureter by kidney stones , tumor, retroperitoneal (the anatomical space behind the abdominal cavity), disease, trauma, radiotherapy, and accidental binding of the ureter during spaying and after ectopic ureter surgery. (petmd.com)
  • Hsiao WC, Lin PW, Chang KC (1998) Benign retroperitoneal schwannoma mimicking a pancreatic cystic tumor: case report and literature review. (springer.com)
  • 1997) Retroperitoneal schwannoma mimicking hepatic tumor in the caudate lobe. (springer.com)
  • Administration of intravenous contrast medium Figure 1 revealed an enhanced peripheral rim in the mass lesion (arrow), suggesting a retroperitoneal tumor or an abscess around a foreign body. (urotoday.com)
  • A retroperitoneal lymphangioma is a rare tumor , most commonly affecting the neck or axillary area. (bvsalud.org)
  • Radiological examinations showed a tumor formation in the retroperitoneal space, which involved the left kidney, spleen and pancreas. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Renal tumor size, location, and radiographic or intraoperative evidence of lymphadenopathy do not prohibit using this procedure and are commonly facilitated by using a retroperitoneal procedure. (medscape.com)
  • In those cases, initial retroperitoneal renal vasculature control with subsequent conversion to a transperitoneal dissection for tumor mobilization and specimen extraction is advantageous. (medscape.com)
  • When a tumor or cyst grows behind the visceral peritoneum, but within the parietal peritoneum, it is called a retroperitoneal mass. (curves.co.uk)
  • Lien HH, Fossa SD, Ous S, Stenwig AE (1983) Lymphography in retroperitoneal metastases in non-seminoma testicular tumor patients with normal CT scan. (springer.com)
  • Located in the retroperitoneal space in the flanks, kidneys are the body's main filters. (dummies.com)
  • Hughes MJ, Thomas JM, Fisher C, Moskovic EC (2005) Imaging features of retroperitoneal and pelvic schwannomas. (springer.com)
  • Results: We report a case of 50-year - old woman with a large retroperitoneal mass (squamous cell carcinoma on histology) that was treated in September of 2014 with radical concurrent chemotherapy with weekly cisplatin and pelvic radiation (4500 cGY) and additional right pelvic boost of 900 cGY. (scirp.org)
  • Jing B, Wallace S, Zornoza J (1982) Metastases to retroperitoneal and pelvic lymph nodes: computed tomography and lymphangiography. (springer.com)
  • Examples of tumors include Primary retroperitoneal carcinoma Pseudomyxoma peritonei Examples of sarcomas include: Soft-tissue sarcoma liposarcoma leiomyosarcoma Undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma, a clinically distinct sarcoma of the area Intraperitoneal Gray's Anatomy for Students, 2nd Ed. 2010. (wikipedia.org)
  • Of the eight retroperitoneal schwannomas in the APS, six exhibited a capsule with thickness of 1.0-2.0 mm, one showed punctate calcification, two displayed cystic degeneration, and three revealed a "target sign" on CT and MR. The tumors were hypo-dense on unenhanced CT images, hyper-intense on T2W images, and homogeneously hypo-intense on T1W images. (springer.com)
  • This book provides a comprehensive, state-of-the-art review of the diagnosis and management of retroperitoneal tumors. (springer.com)
  • The book consists of three parts: Part 1 summarizes basic knowledge on retroperitoneal tumors and provides a detailed introduction to diagnosis and treatment, while Part 2 focuses on the surgical techniques used for retroperitoneal tumors and describes general procedures for operations on retroperitoneal tumors at different sites. (springer.com)
  • Lastly, Part 3 details the etiology, pathology, evaluation, treatment and prognosis of retroperitoneal tumors according to pathological subtypes. (springer.com)
  • This book is designed as a resource and guide for surgical and medical oncologists working with retroperitoneal tumors. (springer.com)
  • Cheng-Hua Luo, MD, PhD, is a professor of surgery and the director of the department of retroperitoneal tumors surgery, Peking University International Hospital, China. (springer.com)
  • Dunnick NR, Javadpour N (1981) Value of CT and lymphography: distinguishing retroperitoneal metastases from nonseminomatous testicular tumors. (springer.com)
  • Deep to this wound expanding retroperitoneal hematoma was identified. (aapc.com)
  • Retroperitoneal fibrosis can occur at any age but appears most frequently between the ages of 40 and 60. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The inflamed tissue characteristic of retroperitoneal fibrosis typically causes gradually increasing pain in the lower abdomen, back, or side. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Retroperitoneal fibrosis occurs in 1 in 200,000 to 500,000 people per year. (medlineplus.gov)
  • No genes associated with retroperitoneal fibrosis have been identified. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Researchers suggest that the immune system may be involved in the development of retroperitoneal fibrosis. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Most cases of retroperitoneal fibrosis are sporadic, which means that they occur in people with no apparent history of the disorder in their family. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Brandt AS, Kamper L, Kukuk S, Haage P, Roth S. Associated findings and complications of retroperitoneal fibrosis in 204 patients: results of a urological registry. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Two brothers with mediastinal-retroperitoneal fibrosis. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Li KP, Zhu J, Zhang JL, Huang F. Idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis (RPF): clinical features of 61 cases and literature review. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Pipitone N, Vaglio A, Salvarani C. Retroperitoneal fibrosis. (medlineplus.gov)
  • These can be signs of other conditions, such as retroperitoneal fibrosis. (healthline.com)
  • The prosthetic nucleus replacement is surgically implanted into the hollowed out intervertebral space through a flap cut in the natural annulus fibrosis. (google.com.au)
  • It contains the following structures: Adrenal gland Kidney Renal vessels Perirenal fat, which is also called the "adipose capsule of the kidney" and may be regarded as being part of the renal capsule Anterior pararenal space Bounded by the posterior layer of peritoneum and the anterior leaf of the renal fascia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Computed tomography (CT) before administration of intravenous contrast medium revealed a well-encapsulated, low-density mass with a diameter of 5 cm in the right retroperitoneal space below the kidney. (urotoday.com)
  • LDN can be transperitoneal or retroperitoneal and the kidney is usually removed by enlarging the umbilical port incision. (medscape.com)
  • Few cases of the spontaneous rupture of pelvicalyceal renal cysts have been published and to the best of our knowledge there is no report of a combined rupture to collector system and retroperitoneal space documented during a multiphase computed tomography. (biomedcentral.com)
  • A fast method to identify renal vessels during retroperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomy. (biomedsearch.com)
  • CONCLUSIONS: Renal vessels could be identified quickly by the following the five steps during retroperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomy: location, pulling, apophysis, pulsation, and fibrin. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Castleman's disease in the pararenal retroperitoneal space, which is indistinguishable from renal cell carcinoma: a case report. (wizdom.ai)
  • Urologists have historically favored a retroperitoneal approach (RLN) when using open surgical interventions for both renal and adrenal lesions. (medscape.com)
  • With current high-definition endoscopic imaging and complementary accessory instrumentation, retroperitoneal laparoscopic renal surgery is regularly performed for both extirpative and reconstructive renal surgery. (medscape.com)
  • Using a retroperitoneal approach has certain advantages over a traditional laparoscopic nephrectomy, which include prompt access to the great vessels and renal vasculature without requiring medial mobilization of solid viscus or bowel. (medscape.com)
  • Retroperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomy is also routinely performed for benign renal lesions. (medscape.com)
  • In recent years, single-port, single-channel retroperitoneal laparoscopic surgery has been used to treat renal cysts to reduce pain and minimize concerns regarding cosmetic appearance [4-6]. (termedia.pl)
  • Chapter 7 renal cell carcinoma, including partial nephrectomy revealed a greater tendency to form denonvilliers fascia, which extends caudally space between the two suppressor genes function in women. (goodbelly.com)
  • Injury or trauma can allow outside bacteria from other parts of your body to enter the retroperitoneal space. (healthline.com)
  • should not enter the retroperitoneal space for a short action. (dsaj.org)
  • Retroperitoneal structures include the rest of the duodenum, the ascending colon, the descending colon, the middle third of the rectum, and the remainder of the pancreas. (curves.co.uk)
  • The retroperitoneal, or lumbar lymph nodes and vessels are responsible for draining the lymph from the abdominopelvic gastrointestinal system as well as the deep tissue of the retroperitoneal space. (kenhub.com)
  • On 9 months follow up in 15 July 2015, she was found to have FDG avid retroperitoneal lymph nodes, three retroperitoneal lymph nodes which are quite FDG avid as well as the right iliac bone mass is FDG avid, but there is no FDG activity to the cervix and lungs are not well seen on PET scan and there is no FDG avid pulmonary nodules identified. (scirp.org)
  • For the evaluation of the retroperitoneal lymph nodes in cancer of the testis, a number of radiological investigations can be used. (springer.com)
  • CT scan and MRI reported a large right-sided retroperitoneal mass occluding the illiac vessels and ureter. (scirp.org)
  • Further work up with CT scan and MRI reported normal uterus and cervix ( Figure 1 ) and a large right-sided retroperitoneal mass in close contact with rightilliac vessels and ureter ( Figure 2 and Figure 3 ). (scirp.org)
  • The excretory phase (10-minute delay) demonstrated a spontaneous rupture of the cyst into the pelvicalyceal system with posterior fistulization into the retroperitoneal space. (biomedcentral.com)
  • a) Diagram shows the anterior (APS) and posterior (PPS) pararenal spaces, perirenal space (PS), retromesenteric plane (RMP), retrorenal plane (RRP), and lateral conal (LP) planes. (curves.co.uk)
  • Left and right of the lumbar spine in the retroperitoneal space, posterior abd wall. (studystack.com)
  • The test is both a restricted space from the anterior and posterior probabilities in the pulmonary arterial pressure. (dsaj.org)
  • The posterior pararenal space is the smallest and most clinically insignificant portion of the retroperitoneum . (radiopaedia.org)
  • Li Q, Gao C, Juzi JT, Hao X (2007) Analysis of 82 cases of retroperitoneal schwannoma. (springer.com)
  • [ 1 ] LN may be performed by a transperitoneal or retroperitoneal approach for the treatment of both benign and malignant conditions. (medscape.com)
  • Retroperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomy (RLN) is regularly performed for both benign and malignant lesions. (medscape.com)
  • Diagnosis steps using clinical examination, ultrasound, and magnetic resonance imaging led to the localization of the pregnancy, in the left side of the para-aortic region, in the retroperitoneal space. (hindawi.com)
  • The space pierced by blood vessels at the base of the brain. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The spaces within adventitia of larger blood vessels of the brain. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Course Outline We consider four layers, proceeding from the outermost portion of the extraperitoneum (i.e., body wall and great vessels) to the innermost (i.e., anterior pararenal space). (curves.co.uk)
  • Therefore, there was potential for scarring of the retroperitoneal space and vessels anterior to the spine. (spineuniverse.com)
  • Excellent disc space preparation and insertion of large interbody grafts without requiring mobilization of the vessels from the anterior aspect of the spine. (spineuniverse.com)
  • Bleeding from a blood vessel or structure in the retroperitoneal such as the aorta or inferior vena cava into the retroperitoneal space can lead to a retroperitoneal hemorrhage. (wikipedia.org)
  • The retroperitoneal space (retroperitoneum) is the anatomical space (sometimes a potential space) behind (retro) the peritoneum. (wikipedia.org)
  • Retroperitoneal definition is - situated behind the peritoneum. (curves.co.uk)
  • The retroperitoneal space technically is outside of the peritoneum, between the abdomen and the back. (curves.co.uk)
  • They were randomly assigned to laparoscopic retroperitoneal lumbar sympatectomy (Group A) or no surgical intervention (Group B - control). (usp.br)
  • Written by an experienced and well-respected physician and professor this new volume building on the previous volume Ultrasonic Topographical and Pathotopographical Anatomy and its sequel Topographical and Pathotopographical Medical Atlas of the Head and Neck also available from Wiley-Scrivener presents the ultrasonic topographical and pathotopographical anatomy of the chest abdomen lumbar region and retroperitoneal space offering further detail into these important areas for use by medical professionals. (am-medicine.com)
  • A diagram of the aorta, a retroperitoneal structure. (curves.co.uk)
  • 50% peripheral Hct) in the pleural space due to trauma or, rarely, as a result of coagulopathy or after rupture of a major blood vessel, such as the aorta or pulmonary artery. (merckmanuals.com)
  • We report a case of a 60-year-old man, with left flank pain , who had a retroperitoneal cavernous lymphangioma , with hemorrhagic complication. (bvsalud.org)
  • The cervicofacial region, thorax, abdomen, retroperitoneal space and subcutaneous tissues are the most commonly affected areas. (vetstream.com)
  • To evaluate the imaging features of schwannomas in the anterior pararenal space (APS), especially focusing on dynamic enhanced multi-slice CT (MSCT) and MR findings. (springer.com)
  • The retroperitoneal space is an exceptional location for ectopic pregnancies [ 4 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Which two parts of the urinary system are retroperitoneal? (brainscape.com)
  • What is likely to accumulate in the retroperitoneal space? (brainscape.com)
  • In the second case, drainage of the retroperitoneal abscess and antibiotics were immediately started, resulting in successful recovery. (scielo.br)
  • retroperitoneal abscess formations were detected ( Figure 1 ). (scielo.br)
  • Eight patients with pathologically proved retroperitoneal schwannomas in the APS underwent dynamic enhanced multi-slice CT (MSCT), while three of these patients also had a contrast-enhanced MR examination. (springer.com)
  • We report two cases of diabetic patients with severe low back pain associated with retroperitoneal abscesses. (scielo.br)
  • We describe the clinical course of two diabetic patients who had retroperitoneal abscesses with and without spinal epidural abscesses, and review the literature concerning abscesses, especially in the spinal epidural region. (scielo.br)
  • The method includes steps of making an incision in a body, introducing a deflated balloon dissector into the incision, inflating the balloon dissector to effect dissection of the first layer of tissue from the second layer of tissue, deploying a retractor within the anatomic space in order to hold open the anatomic space, and optionally deflating or evacuating the balloon dissector to open a cavity for surgical manipulations. (google.com)
  • and 4) distinguish retroperitoneal spaces and apply these landmarks to minimally invasive surgical dissection. (curves.co.uk)
  • 2003) Retroperitoneal benign schwannoma: report of three cases and analysis of clinico-radiologic findings. (springer.com)
  • It is divided into three spaces by the perirenal fascia and is best visualized using CT or MRI. (curves.co.uk)
  • What Is Retroperitoneal Inflammation? (healthline.com)
  • Inflammation that affects your retroperitoneal space is a serious medical condition. (healthline.com)
  • Retroperitoneal inflammation is also known as retroperitonitis. (healthline.com)
  • Surgical procedures performed with unclean equipment or poor hygiene can increase your risk of infection and retroperitoneal inflammation. (healthline.com)
  • Treatment for retroperitoneal inflammation is extremely important to prevent complications. (healthline.com)
  • 2007) Retroperitoneal schwannomas: diagnostic and therapeutic implications. (springer.com)
  • Retroperitoneal bleeding is an accumulation of blood in the retroperitoneal space. (wikipedia.org)
  • As well as initial symptoms, the accumulation of blood in the retroperitoneal space also compresses the femoral nerve. (wikipedia.org)
  • This space favors the accumulation of blood and eventually infection. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The fluid enters the pleural space from systemic capillaries in the parietal pleurae and exits via parietal pleural stomas and lymphatics. (merckmanuals.com)
  • They are located on the left and right in the retroperitoneal space , and in adult humans are about 11 centimetres (4.3 in) in length. (wikipedia.org)