Tobacco Industry: The aggregate business enterprise of agriculture, manufacture, and distribution related to tobacco and tobacco-derived products.Lobbying: A process whereby representatives of a particular interest group attempt to influence governmental decision makers to accept the policy desires of the lobbying organization.Tobacco: A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE. Members contain NICOTINE and other biologically active chemicals; its dried leaves are used for SMOKING.Public Relations: Relations of an individual, association, organization, hospital, or corporation with the publics which it must take into consideration in carrying out its functions. Publics may include consumers, patients, pressure groups, departments, etc.Marketing: Activity involved in transfer of goods from producer to consumer or in the exchange of services.Propaganda: The deliberate attempt to influence attitudes and beliefs for furthering one's cause or damaging an opponent's cause.Advertising as Topic: The act or practice of calling public attention to a product, service, need, etc., especially by paid announcements in newspapers, magazines, on radio, or on television. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Industry: Any enterprise centered on the processing, assembly, production, or marketing of a line of products, services, commodities, or merchandise, in a particular field often named after its principal product. Examples include the automobile, fishing, music, publishing, insurance, and textile industries.Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.Deception: The act of deceiving or the fact of being deceived.Tobacco Smoke Pollution: Contamination of the air by tobacco smoke.Consumer Advocacy: The promotion and support of consumers' rights and interests.Persuasive Communication: A mode of communication concerned with inducing or urging the adoption of certain beliefs, theories, or lines of action by others.Consumer Product SafetyConflict of Interest: A situation in which an individual might benefit personally from official or professional actions. It includes a conflict between a person's private interests and official responsibilities in a position of trust. The term is not restricted to government officials. The concept refers both to actual conflict of interest and the appearance or perception of conflict.Tobacco, Smokeless: Powdered or cut pieces of leaves of NICOTIANA TABACUM which are inhaled through the nose, chewed, or stored in cheek pouches. It includes any product of tobacco that is not smoked.Taxes: Governmental levies on property, inheritance, gifts, etc.Tobacco Use Disorder: Tobacco used to the detriment of a person's health or social functioning. Tobacco dependence is included.Politics: Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.Product Packaging: Form in which product is processed or wrapped and labeled. PRODUCT LABELING is also available.Labor Unions: Organizations comprising wage and salary workers in health-related fields for the purpose of improving their status and conditions. The concept includes labor union activities toward providing health services to members.Government: The complex of political institutions, laws, and customs through which the function of governing is carried out in a specific political unit.Mass Media: Instruments or technological means of communication that reach large numbers of people with a common message: press, radio, television, etc.Commerce: The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)Financial Support: The provision of monetary resources including money or capital and credit; obtaining or furnishing money or capital for a purchase or enterprise and the funds so obtained. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed.)Tobacco Products: Substances and products derived from NICOTIANA TABACUM.Documentation: Systematic organization, storage, retrieval, and dissemination of specialized information, especially of a scientific or technical nature (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983). It often involves authenticating or validating information.Plants, Toxic: Plants or plant parts which are harmful to man or other animals.Public Opinion: The attitude of a significant portion of a population toward any given proposition, based upon a measurable amount of factual evidence, and involving some degree of reflection, analysis, and reasoning.Ethics, Business: The moral obligations governing the conduct of commercial or industrial enterprises.Government Regulation: Exercise of governmental authority to control conduct.Food Industry: The industry concerned with processing, preparing, preserving, distributing, and serving of foods and beverages.Public Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.United States Government Agencies: Agencies of the FEDERAL GOVERNMENT of the United States.Liability, Legal: Accountability and responsibility to another, enforceable by civil or criminal sanctions.Research Support as Topic: Financial support of research activities.Expert Testimony: Presentation of pertinent data by one with special skill or knowledge representing mastery of a particular subject.Drug Industry: That segment of commercial enterprise devoted to the design, development, and manufacture of chemical products for use in the diagnosis and treatment of disease, disability, or other dysfunction, or to improve function.Tobacco Use Cessation: Ending the TOBACCO habits of smoking, chewing, or snuff use.Smoking Cessation: Discontinuation of the habit of smoking, the inhaling and exhaling of tobacco smoke.United StatesDNA Restriction Enzymes: Enzymes that are part of the restriction-modification systems. They catalyze the endonucleolytic cleavage of DNA sequences which lack the species-specific methylation pattern in the host cell's DNA. Cleavage yields random or specific double-stranded fragments with terminal 5'-phosphates. The function of restriction enzymes is to destroy any foreign DNA that invades the host cell. Most have been studied in bacterial systems, but a few have been found in eukaryotic organisms. They are also used as tools for the systematic dissection and mapping of chromosomes, in the determination of base sequences of DNAs, and have made it possible to splice and recombine genes from one organism into the genome of another. EC 3.21.1.Social Responsibility: The obligations and accountability assumed in carrying out actions or ideas on behalf of others.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Tobacco Mosaic Virus: The type species of TOBAMOVIRUS which causes mosaic disease of tobacco. Transmission occurs by mechanical inoculation.Product Labeling: Use of written, printed, or graphic materials upon or accompanying a product or its container or wrapper. It includes purpose, effect, description, directions, hazards, warnings, and other relevant information.Menthol: An alcohol produced from mint oils or prepared synthetically.Caloric Restriction: Reduction in caloric intake without reduction in adequate nutrition. In experimental animals, caloric restriction has been shown to extend lifespan and enhance other physiological variables.Organizational Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by an organization, institution, university, society, etc., from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions and positions on matters of public interest or social concern. It does not include internal policy relating to organization and administration within the corporate body, for which ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION is available.Economic Competition: The effort of two or more parties to secure the business of a third party by offering, usually under fair or equitable rules of business practice, the most favorable terms.Consumer Organizations: Organized groups of users of goods and services.Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length: Variation occurring within a species in the presence or length of DNA fragment generated by a specific endonuclease at a specific site in the genome. Such variations are generated by mutations that create or abolish recognition sites for these enzymes or change the length of the fragment.Health Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.Organizations: Administration and functional structures for the purpose of collectively systematizing activities for a particular goal.Scientific Misconduct: Intentional falsification of scientific data by presentation of fraudulent or incomplete or uncorroborated findings as scientific fact.Social Control Policies: Decisions for determining and guiding present and future objectives from among alternatives.Civil Rights: Legal guarantee protecting the individual from attack on personal liberties, right to fair trial, right to vote, and freedom from discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, age, disability, or national origin. (from accessed 1/31/2003)Consultants: Individuals referred to for expert or professional advice or services.Commonwealth of Independent StatesCharities: Social welfare organizations with programs designed to assist individuals in need.Interinstitutional Relations: The interactions between representatives of institutions, agencies, or organizations.Ventilation: Supplying a building or house, their rooms and corridors, with fresh air. The controlling of the environment thus may be in public or domestic sites and in medical or non-medical locales. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Motion Pictures as Topic: The art, technique, or business of producing motion pictures for entertainment, propaganda, or instruction.State Government: The level of governmental organization and function below that of the national or country-wide government.Health Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.Policy Making: The decision process by which individuals, groups or institutions establish policies pertaining to plans, programs or procedures.Societies: Organizations composed of members with common interests and whose professions may be similar.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Air Pollution, Indoor: The contamination of indoor air.Harm Reduction: The application of methods designed to reduce the risk of harm associated with certain behaviors without reduction in frequency of those behaviors. The risk-associated behaviors include ongoing and active addictive behaviors.Interprofessional Relations: The reciprocal interaction of two or more professional individuals.Organizational Objectives: The purposes, missions, and goals of an individual organization or its units, established through administrative processes. It includes an organization's long-range plans and administrative philosophy.International Cooperation: The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.RestaurantsLegislation as Topic: The enactment of laws and ordinances and their regulation by official organs of a nation, state, or other legislative organization. It refers also to health-related laws and regulations in general or for which there is no specific heading.Product Line Management: Management control systems for structuring health care delivery strategies around case types, as in DRGs, or specific clinical services.Tars: Viscous materials composed of complex, high-molecular-weight compounds derived from the distillation of petroleum or the destructive distillation of wood or coal. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Marketing of Health Services: Application of marketing principles and techniques to maximize the use of health care resources.Nicotine: Nicotine is highly toxic alkaloid. It is the prototypical agonist at nicotinic cholinergic receptors where it dramatically stimulates neurons and ultimately blocks synaptic transmission. Nicotine is also important medically because of its presence in tobacco smoke.Public Health Practice: The activities and endeavors of the public health services in a community on any level.Tobacco Use: Use of TOBACCO (Nicotiana tabacum L) and TOBACCO PRODUCTS.Social Marketing: Use of marketing principles also used to sell products to consumers to promote ideas, attitudes and behaviors. Design and use of programs seeking to increase the acceptance of a social idea or practice by target groups, not for the benefit of the marketer, but to benefit the target audience and the general society.SmokeAerospace Medicine: That branch of medicine dealing with the studies and effects of flight through the atmosphere or in space upon the human body and with the prevention or cure of physiological or psychological malfunctions arising from these effects. (from NASA Thesaurus)Attitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.Newspapers: Publications printed and distributed daily, weekly, or at some other regular and usually short interval, containing news, articles of opinion (as editorials and letters), features, advertising, and announcements of current interest. (Webster's 3d ed)Extraction and Processing Industry: The industry concerned with the removal of raw materials from the Earth's crust and with their conversion into refined products.Chemical Industry: The aggregate enterprise of manufacturing and technically producing chemicals. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Latin America: The geographic area of Latin America in general and when the specific country or countries are not indicated. It usually includes Central America, South America, Mexico, and the islands of the Caribbean.Foundations: Organizations established by endowments with provision for future maintenance.Research: Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)Investments: Use for articles on the investing of funds for income or profit.Human Rights: The rights of the individual to cultural, social, economic, and educational opportunities as provided by society, e.g., right to work, right to education, and right to social security.Health Care Coalitions: Voluntary groups of people representing diverse interests in the community such as hospitals, businesses, physicians, and insurers, with the principal objective to improve health care cost effectiveness.Professional Misconduct: Violation of laws, regulations, or professional standards.Consumer Satisfaction: Customer satisfaction or dissatisfaction with a benefit or service received.Codes of Ethics: Systematic statements of principles or rules of appropriate professional conduct, usually established by professional societies.Deoxyribonucleases, Type II Site-Specific: Enzyme systems containing a single subunit and requiring only magnesium for endonucleolytic activity. The corresponding modification methylases are separate enzymes. The systems recognize specific short DNA sequences and cleave either within, or at a short specific distance from, the recognition sequence to give specific double-stranded fragments with terminal 5'-phosphates. Enzymes from different microorganisms with the same specificity are called isoschizomers. EC The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.Flavoring Agents: Substances added to foods and medicine to improve the quality of taste.Biomedical Research: Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.Federal Government: The level of governmental organization and function at the national or country-wide level.Privatization: Process of shifting publicly controlled services and/or facilities to the private sector.Facility Regulation and Control: Formal voluntary or governmental procedures and standards required of hospitals and health or other facilities to improve operating efficiency, and for the protection of the consumer.Australia: The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.Food-Processing Industry: The productive enterprises concerned with food processing.Health Education: Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.Organizational Affiliation: Formal relationships established between otherwise independent organizations. These include affiliation agreements, interlocking boards, common controls, hospital medical school affiliations, etc.Financing, Organized: All organized methods of funding.CaliforniaHistory, 21st Century: Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.Congresses as Topic: Conferences, conventions or formal meetings usually attended by delegates representing a special field of interest.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.ArgentinaCompensation and Redress: Payment, or other means of making amends, for a wrong or injury.Negotiating: The process of bargaining in order to arrive at an agreement or compromise on a matter of importance to the parties involved. It also applies to the hearing and determination of a case by a third party chosen by the parties in controversy, as well as the interposing of a third party to reconcile the parties in controversy.World Health Organization: A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.Textile Industry: The aggregate business enterprise of manufacturing textiles. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Plants, Genetically Modified: PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.Workplace: Place or physical location of work or employment.Adolescent Behavior: Any observable response or action of an adolescent.Occupational Health: The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.Occupational Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.Publishing: "The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.Air Conditioning: The maintenance of certain aspects of the environment within a defined space to facilitate the function of that space; aspects controlled include air temperature and motion, radiant heat level, moisture, and concentration of pollutants such as dust, microorganisms, and gases. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Organizational Case Studies: Descriptions and evaluations of specific health care organizations.Disclosure: Revealing of information, by oral or written communication.MinnesotaMotivation: Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.Occupational Diseases: Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.Research Personnel: Those individuals engaged in research.Internationality: The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)United States Environmental Protection Agency: An agency in the Executive Branch of the Federal Government. It was created as an independent regulatory agency responsible for the implementation of federal laws designed to protect the environment. Its mission is to protect human health and the ENVIRONMENT.World Health: The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.
Zajac, Andrew (18 March 2011). "Tobacco industry brushes off call for FDA restrictions on menthol cigarettes". Los Angeles ... In response, the tobacco industry released a report to the FDA changed focus subject by claiming menthol cigarettes are no ... "Brazil bans flavored tobacco". WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. "EU agrees ban on menthol cigarettes". RTÉ. 21 June ... Williamson Tobacco Corp. In October 2009, the United States Congress passed the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control ...
Jews also became heavily involved in the jewelry and tobacco industries. While occupational status did not differ greatly ... that just so happened to not have as many guild restrictions attached to them. In 1655, a Jew was permitted to establish a ... Jews tended to involve themselves in newer industries in Amsterdam, like the importation of colonial products, ... ISBN 1-874774-46-3. "The sugar refineries, tobacco workshops, and diamond-processing ateliers established by Portuguese Jews ...
This also supports a tobacco industry and the production of a variety of tobacco products, which, like alcoholic beverages, are ... Consumption of alcohol is subject to regulation in most countries, namely by means of age restrictions. Tobacco, a recreational ... Some critics[who?] argue that cannabis and opioids occupy the social position of alcohol and tobacco in some non-western ... There are authorized dealers which provide consumers with legal intoxicants, every industry developing a network of ...
It was founded in 1998 by former tobacco industry executives who sought to counter government restrictions on smoking, but is ... "Group funding GOP campaigns had its origins backing tobacco". Los Angeles Times. Tribune Publishing. Retrieved 7 April 2016. " ... no longer associated with tobacco or smoking. The group focuses on three activities: legal (litigation support), legislative ( ...
NBCC has also received funding from and lobbied on behalf of the tobacco industry. Tobacco company Altria was scheduled to ... In March 2011, Alford appeared before a U. S. Food and Drug Administration advisory panel to oppose proposed restrictions on ... and tobacco industries, and has sometimes been accused of being a front group. The NBCC is a very young national organization ... regulation of tobacco. The reason for its opposition is that the regulation would impose fees affecting small tobacco retailing ...
... tobacco industry volume. Smokers facing these restrictions consume 11%-15% less than average and quit at a rate that is 84% ... "Tobacco industry efforts to present ventilation as an alternative to smoke-free environments in North America". Tobacco control ... the tobacco industry launched "courtesy awareness" campaigns. Fearing reduced sales, the industry created a media and ... A tobacco industry-funded study conducted by the School of Technology of the University of Glamorgan in Wales, published in the ...
... the tobacco industry was able to increase the percent of women smoking. In the 1980s, tobacco industries were made to have the ... In other countries (as in the United States), tobacco manufacturers circumvent advertising restrictions by sponsoring events, ... The suffrage movement gave many women a sense of entitlement and freedom and the tobacco industry took advantage of the ... These methods have proven quite successful for the tobacco industry. Overwhelmingly, in the global market the trends point ...
... but in recent years the tobacco industry has been suffering from the restrictions of smoking in Europe. People also grow ... The most important source of income for the people is the growing of tobacco, ...
The Apartheid government had vested interests in the tobacco industry, and would therefore be reluctant to introduce ... and would further introduce restrictions such as health warnings on advertisements for tobacco products. The bill reemerged in ... restrictions, so she enlisted the help of the civil society Tobacco Action Group, in order to bolster media and public support ... "Health department gets tobacco award". 2000-07-31. Retrieved 2017-04-13. Meyer, Jani (2004-10-10). "The Aids ...
Timeline of tobacco history The European tobacco growers website The Legacy Tobacco Documents Library UCSF Tobacco Industry ... exchange for a combination of yearly payments to the states and voluntary restrictions on advertising and marketing of tobacco ... Tobacco advertising of tobacco products by the tobacco industry is through a variety of media, including sponsorship, ... Pipe tobacco, chewing tobacco, and snuff are fire-cured. Flue-cured tobacco was originally strung onto tobacco sticks, which ...
7-8. W.H.J. Rangeley (1957). A Brief History of the Tobacco Industry in Nyasaland, Part I, pp. 71-3. J.E.R. Emtage (1984). ... 15, No.1. R. Palmer (1985). The Nyasaland Tea Industry in the Era of International Tea Restrictions, 1933-1950, Journal of ... W.H.J. Rangeley (1957). A Brief History of the Tobacco Industry in Nyasaland (Part I), The Nyasaland Journal, Vol. 10, No. 1. J ... 16, 20, 24-6. R. Palmer (1985). The Nyasaland Tea Industry in the Era of International Tea Restrictions, 1933-1950, pp. 218, ...
Direct and indirect opposition from the tobacco industry continue, for instance through the tobacco industry's efforts at ... Pope Urban VII's thirteen-day papal reign included the world's first known tobacco use restrictions in 1590 when he threatened ... Tobacco advertising Tobacco lobby Tobacco packaging warning messages Tobacco politics Tobacco-Free College Campuses Tobacco- ... The tobacco control community is internationally organised - as is its main opponent, the tobacco industry (sometimes referred ...
This treaty places broad restrictions on the sale, advertising, shipment, and taxation of tobacco products. The U.S. has not ... History of commercial tobacco in the United States Smoking bans Snus Tobacco Tobacco industry in Argentina Tobacco smoking " ... ISBN 1-56751-172-4. UCSF Tobacco Industry Videos Collection UCSF Tobacco Industry Audio Recordings Collection. ... and distribution of tobacco and tobacco-related products. It is a global industry; tobacco can grow in any warm, moist ...
Following the American Civil War, the tobacco industry struggled as it attempted to adapt. Not only did the labor force change ... which combined positive health messages with medical assistance to cease tobacco use and effective marketing restrictions, as ... The high European demand for tobacco led to a rise in the value of tobacco. The rise of value of tobacco accelerated the ... The cultivation of Tobacco in America led to many changes. During the 1700s tobacco was a very lucrative crop due to its high ...
This restriction remained in effect until 1990. Starting in 1989, labor and human rights activists began calling attention to ... The tobacco industry promotes the idea that tobacco brings wealth to the small landowners and Malawians, when in actuality it ... The industry has supported and encouraged these beliefs. Compared to other industries, tobacco has one of the more developed ... The 1970s marked several changes for the tobacco industry in Malawi that would have a lasting effect on the industry today. ...
"Tobacco" is a segment of the HBO news satire television series Last Week Tonight with John Oliver about the tobacco industry. ... including advertising restrictions, penalties for selling tobacco products to minors, and substantial health warnings on ... "Tobacco", an eighteen-minute segment about the tobacco industry, was delivered by John Oliver on February 15, 2015, during the ... Tobacco (HBO) on YouTube Banks, Alicia (February 16, 2015). "John Oliver Smokes the Tobacco Industry with Diseased-Lung Mascot ...
... yearly payments by the tobacco companies to the states and placing restrictions on the advertising and marketing of tobacco ... The UCSF Truth Tobacco Industry Documents (formerly known as Legacy Tobacco Documents Library) is a digital archive of tobacco ... 1] Official site UCSF Tobacco Industry Videos Collection UCSF Tobacco Industry Audio Recordings Collection British American ... American Tobacco Brown & Williamson Council for Tobacco Research Lorillard Philip Morris R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Institute ...
A Review of Tobacco Industry Sponsorship in the USA, 1995-99". Tobacco Control. 10 (3): 239-246. doi:10.2307/20207931. " ... Under the settlement, R.J. Reynolds agreed to significant restrictions on all future Kool MIXX promotions, including: ... This is the first time that the tobacco industry has agreed to marketing limitations that are even stricter than those set ... The issue of tobacco marketing and African Americans refers to the practice of customizing tobacco products and advertising ...
Stronger regulation of alcoholic beverage industry practices by federal agencies, including the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and ... Restrictions on alcohol advertisements that target youth. This would include: restrictions on sponsorship of youth-oriented ... These include: Restrictions on alcohol advertising, including: Placement of rotating health and safety messages in all alcohol ... Restrictions on the promotional activities of alcohol companies on college campuses. ...
Direct and indirect opposition from the tobacco industry continue, for instance through the tobacco industry's efforts at ... Pope Urban VII's thirteen-day papal reign included the world's first known tobacco use restrictions in 1590 when he threatened ... Protect people from tobacco smoke. Offer help to quit tobacco use. Warn about the dangers of tobacco. Enforce bans on tobacco ... The tobacco control community is internationally organised - as is its main opponent, the tobacco industry (sometimes referred ...
Restrictions on selling tobacco products to women were imposed on the hospitality and food retailing industry. Anti-tobacco ... He said that the first tobacco on German soil was brought by the Jews and that they controlled the tobacco industry in ... They published new journals and tried to depict the anti-tobacco movement as "fanatic" and "unscientific". The tobacco industry ... and raising the tobacco tax. The National Socialists also imposed restrictions on tobacco advertising and smoking in public ...
The tobacco industry is particularly concerned with younger audiences because they constitute the future of smoking and tobacco ... such as restriction of tobacco distribution and restriction of smoking within 20 feet from entrances weren't as effective as ... The tobacco industry agrees that individuals should be able to avoid ETS or SHS, but believe that complete campus-wide bans "go ... According to insider documents from tobacco companies RJ Reynolds and Philip Morris, tobacco companies had several strategies ...
... "a representative from the Tobacco Industry to be nominated by the legitimate and recognized associations of the industry," the ... in regulating various aspects tobacco control including access restrictions and tobacco advertisement, promotion, and ... "Tobacco Regulation Act of 2003". "National Tobacco Administration". "Tobacco Regulation Act of 2003". Philippine Supreme Court ... Tobacco control in the Philippines is largely vested in the Inter-Agency Committee on Tobacco (IACT) under Republic Act No. ...
While there, Braren began to criticize that the industry self-regulation regarding tobacco advertising was ineffective and that ... he advocated for restrictions on Advertising to children. Later Braren worked at the Times Mirror Company. Braren spoken on ... to the United States Congress by sharing confidential industry documents which demonstrated industry awareness that the tobacco ... This revelation led to a congressional ban on tobacco ads on television. In 1971 Braren worked at the National Citizens ...
... is a group of industries in India that primarily started out as a company that produced chewable tobacco ... act as a front for surrogate advertising through the audio-video media channels due to strict restrictions or bans on tobacco ... "Tobacco Today online". Tobacco Today online. Retrieved 2010-12-30. "Dhariwals unperturbed by raids on gutkha empire". ... Headquartered in Pune, the Manikchand Group is a privately owned group of industries in India. It primarily started out as a ...
A DNA adduct (at center) of benzo[a]pyrene, the major mutagen in tobacco smoke.[22] ... Frequent skin cancers were noted among fuel industry workers in the 19th century. In 1933, BaP was determined to be the ... The substitution or omission of any brackets is due to technical restrictions. ... A 1996 study provided molecular evidence linking components in tobacco smoke to lung cancer. BaP was shown to cause genetic ...
Conclusions Recent restrictions on tobacco industry incentive programmes for retailers have not ended price differentiation. ... Cigarette pricing 1 year after new restrictions on tobacco industry retailer programmes in Quebec, Canada ... Cigarette pricing 1 year after new restrictions on tobacco industry retailer programmes in Quebec, Canada ... The size of the variance in prices rivals or exceeds the size of tobacco tax increases in Quebec over the past decade. ...
Critics say age restriction law doesnt hold tobacco industry accountable. Nonprofit organization wants to see Texas enforce a ... HOUSTON - New restrictions in Texas that raise the age to buy tobacco products from 18 to 21 doesnt go into effect until later ... Ginny Chadwick with Tobacco 21, a non-profit organization that tries to lower the effects of smoking and tobacco through ... Tobacco 21 wants to see Texas enforce a law that suspends or revokes the retailers privilege to sell rather than go after ...
Tobacco industry involvement in France. "Loi Evan": Frances tobacco ad restrictions. A 1991 public relations plan (created by ... 1 Tobacco industry involvement in France *1.1 "Loi Evan": Frances tobacco ad restrictions ... The tobacco industrys strategy of introducing a non-tobacco product (bearing the brand name of a cigarette to be introduced ... "The easiest way to amend the Loi Evin to allow the sponsorship of motor vehicle competitions by the tobacco industry is to ...
Curbs and restrictions. With an aim to curb tobacco consumption-which kills more than 900,000 people each year in India-the ... TobaccoIndiaSupreme Courthealth ministryITCPhilip Morrisres extra commerciumR. Balasubramaniamtobacco industrysmokinghealth ... TobaccoIndiaSupreme Courthealth ministryITCPhilip Morrisres extra commerciumR. Balasubramaniamtobacco industrysmokinghealth ... 11 billion tobacco industrys legal right to trade, an effort aimed at deterring tobacco companies from challenging tough new ...
... quotes and analysis on Japan Tobacco Inc. (OTC:JAPAF). Explore commentary on Japan Tobacco Inc. and hear what the experts at ... Tobacco Industry At A Turning Point. SeekingAlpha. FDA outlines e-cigarette rules, tightens restrictions on fruity flavors to ... Reynolds American Sells Intl Rights to Natural American Spirit to Japan Tobacco for $5 Billion. Japan Tobacco, the Tokyo-based ... FDA chief Gottliebs departure might not actually be a good thing for vaping industry. ...
The tobacco industrys thwarting of marketing restrictions and health warnings in Lebanon. Tob Control 2009;18:310-16. ... for pro-tobacco or anti-tobacco cues may better detect the result of industry marketing and tobacco control media campaigns ... Tobacco industry marketing, population-based tobacco control, and smoking behavior. Am J Prev Med 2007;33(Suppl 6):S327-34. ... non-tobacco products identified with tobacco brand names (brand stretching), tobacco products identified with non-tobacco brand ...
... to impose severe restrictions on the tobacco industry in the name of children. It is one more weapon in the anti-tobacco ... Tobacco industry youth smoking prevention programs: protecting the industry and hurting tobacco control. Am J Public Health. ... Using the Truth Tobacco Industry Documents library, an online collection of previously secret tobacco industry documents, we ... Attempts to undermine tobacco control: tobacco industry "youth smoking prevention" programs to undermine meaningful tobacco ...
Humiliating defeat for tobacco industry: High Court rules that ad restrictions at point of sale are lawful.. Friday 05 November ... Humiliating defeat for tobacco industry: High Court rules that ad restrictions at point of sale are lawful The High Court has ... UK ratifies global tobacco treaty: now is the time for a long term strategy to cut tobacco use. Thursday 16 December 2004 ASH ... Tuesday 16 November 2004 ASH News Release: For Immediate Use - Tuesday 16th November Plans for smoking restrictions in ...
Restrictions. Images not to be used by the tobacco industry. Caption. Breast cancer cell, coloured scanning electron micrograph ...
ALEC has had a long relationship with the tobacco industry. To explore this relationship, we studied publicly-available tobacco ... The documents were made public as a term of the 1998 Master Settlement Agreement between the states and the tobacco industry. ... tobacco industry documents obtained in the discovery phases of the 46 state attorneys general lawsuits against the tobacco ... industry documents found in the Legacy Tobacco Documents Library (LTDL), an electronic archive created by the University of ...
And Chinas tobacco industry has found ways around restrictions. On its website, Chinas national tobacco corporation showcases ... Asia] In China, Tobacco Brands Sponsor Schools Tobacco ads are banned on TV and in magazines, but cigarette ads show up anyway ... Walters makes the tired charge that the tobacco tax is "regressive," but a closer examination exposes this tobacco company ... path-dependency and tobacco industry activity in Social Science and Medicine. This paper adds to the empirical case that the ...
Tobacco retail current value sales in the Netherlands recorded a modest decline in 2017, ... Smokeless Tobacco and Vapour Products in the Netherlands: ... This industry report originates from Passport: Tobacco market ... Modest value sales decline in tobacco despite improving economy. Supermarkets experiment with voluntary restrictions as display ... Tobacco in the Netherlands - Industry Overview. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY. Modest value sales decline in tobacco despite improving ...
For several years New Zealands vape industry has been calling for regulation. It was somewhat frustrating then when Leader of ... Sure, we are an industry fighting back, but its not about stopping restrictions. Rather its about protecting the survival of ... Local vape industry is fighting only to stop tobacco. Thursday, 10 October 2019, 10:39 am. Press Release: Vaping Trade ... With no ties to Big Tobacco, independent Kiwi vape entrepreneurs and retailers have come together not to stop restrictions, but ...
He represented the tobacco industry in trying to block new advertising restrictions on cigarettes. He also argued to protect ... SESNO: Who has argued on behalf of the tobacco industry. KUNTZ: And who is a lead counsel in the ADA, in the Americans With ... What is involved is a somewhat tortured reading of the Constitution that results in the severe restriction on the ability of ... He delivered a speech to several thousand people today at a travel industry conference in -- where else? -- Orlando. Gore said ...
Pack size restrictions. The industry says "The EUs decision to ban 10s … is a gift for criminal gangs". - Japan Tobacco ... EU Illicit Cigarette Trade Agreements with the Tobacco Industry Have Failed. The tobacco industrys lawyers have largely ... The tobacco industry uses a little "sleight of hand" to misrepresent trends in illicit tobacco trade to serve their narrative ... Today, the primary argument that the tobacco industry uses to oppose new tobacco control regulations is that they will cause a ...
... would lead to increased restrictions in Europe so they spearheaded an inter-industry, three-prong strategy to subvert IARCs ... To understand the tobacco industrys strategy on the IARC study we analysed industry documents released in US litigation and ... Tobacco industry efforts subverting International Agency for Research on Cancers second-hand smoke study Lancet. 2000 Apr 8; ... However, the study was described by newspapers and the tobacco industry as demonstrating no increase in risk. ...
Polymer processing is an energy-intensive industry. The plastification of polymers requires a high volume of electric power for ... produces plastic lids and capping for packaging in the food and tobacco industry. Due to health and safety restrictions set by ... SharedDocs/Downloads/GTAI/Industry-overviews/industry-overview-plastics-industry-in-germany-en.pdf. 04 May 2013 ... Görlitz, P., MacDougall, W.: Industry overview. The Plastics Industry in Germany. Germany Trade and Invest, Gesellschaft für ...
This restriction remained in effect until 1990. Starting in 1989, labor and human rights activists began calling attention to ... The tobacco industry promotes the idea that tobacco brings wealth to the small landowners and Malawians, when in actuality it ... The industry has supported and encouraged these beliefs. Compared to other industries, tobacco has one of the more developed ... The 1970s marked several changes for the tobacco industry in Malawi that would have a lasting effect on the industry today. ...
Tobacco Industry Political Expenditures in California 1993-1994 Report describing tobacco industry activities with respect to ... an unsuccessful tobacco industry 1994 ballot initiative in California that would have overturned Californias local tobacco ... Although the organizations name makes it sound like an anti-tobacco organization, CSSR was actually bankrolled by big tobacco ... Californians for Statewide Smoking Restrictions (CSSR) was a front group set up in 1994 to promote Proposition 188, ...
Zajac, Andrew (18 March 2011). "Tobacco industry brushes off call for FDA restrictions on menthol cigarettes". Los Angeles ... In response, the tobacco industry released a report to the FDA changed focus subject by claiming menthol cigarettes are no ... "Brazil bans flavored tobacco". WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. "EU agrees ban on menthol cigarettes". RTÉ. 21 June ... Williamson Tobacco Corp. In October 2009, the United States Congress passed the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control ...
The FCTC also requires restrictions on tobacco industry sponsorship, direct and indirect incentives, and other promotions to ... TABLE 1. Bans on direct or indirect tobacco marketing, by marketing channel - Global Adult Tobacco Survey, 14 countries, 2008- ... Awareness of tobacco marketing is one indicator of the success of advertising bans; other indicators include reduced tobacco ... Tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable death worldwide; projections estimate that 1 billion tobacco-related deaths ...
ReportBuyer selects top market research publishers to provide you with a comprehensive range of Tobacco Industry Analysis. Read ... Legislative restrictions on the global tobacco industry. *Tobacco products market outlook over 2017-2022 ... TAXATION: PIPE TOBACCO REMAINS A CHEAPER ALTERNATIVE TO CIGARETTE TOBACCO. Water-Pipe Tobacco: Smoking tobacco that is prepared ... SMOKELESS TOBACCO: SALES OF CHEWING TOBACCO, 1990-2016. *TOTAL IMPORTS OF SMOKELESS TOBACCO, 2003-2016 NOTE: SNUFF TOBACCO ONLY ...
... the tobacco industry and others on possible restrictions on the mint-flavored cigarettes. ... Meanwhile, a tobacco industry report to the FDA acknowledged that all cigarettes are hazardous but said theres no scientific ... The industry also has raised concerns that restrictions on menthol would lead to a black market for the cigarettes. ... Panels like the tobacco committee advise the FDA on scientific issues. The agency doesnt have to follow its recommendations, ...
  • Although the organization's name makes it sound like an anti-tobacco organization, CSSR was actually bankrolled by big tobacco interests, which spent more than $18 million in their effort to persuade voters to support the initiative. (
  • Anti-tobacco campaigners argue that profitable alternatives to tobacco exist but have received little attention. (
  • State lawmakers announced six anti-tobacco bills Thursday as part of the Legislature's special session on public health. (
  • The measure by Sen. Mark Leno (D-San Francisco) is one of six anti-tobacco bills announced Thursday as part of the Legislature's special session on health. (
  • even with some who were strongly anti-tobacco. (
  • Release of the documents - memos and notes from meetings of tobacco industry lawyers going back to 1964 - was sought by anti-tobacco activists and by the state of Florida, which wanted the material for use in its lawsuit seeking reimbursement for tobacco-related health care costs. (
  • The researchers cite the introduction of picture warnings on packs as an example of where they believe pack design has been altered to undermine the anti tobacco images . (
  • The tobacco industry's key strategy to challenge anti-tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship (TAPS) policy is arguing against comprehensive bans. (
  • Anti-tobacco" redirects here. (
  • However, growth will be moderate as initiatives from anti-tobacco organisations and the government will continue to have an impact on smoking prevalence. (
  • Settlement proceeds will also be distributed to local nonprofit anti-tobacco groups and to bolster state and local efforts to keep cigarettes, cigars, and chewing tobacco from minors, according to Chuck Wolfe, Gov. Chiles' director of external affairs and anti-tobacco coordinator. (
  • Although he conceded that neither he nor the experts the state has consulted can be certain of which aspects of the anti-tobacco campaign will be most effective in curbing teenage smoking, or even if the program will be a success, he said that Florida will draw on the experience of other states that have embarked on the same mission. (
  • The state's 76-cent-a-pack tax on cigarettes--the second-highest in the nation, behind Washington state's 82.5 cents--underwrites one of the country's largest anti-tobacco campaigns. (
  • Since the anti-tobacco campaign began in 1993, an estimated 100,000 adults have quit smoking in Massachusetts, according to the state health department. (
  • Policymakers have been stymied by a research void on what actually curbs teen tobacco use, according to William Novelli, the director of the National Center for Tobacco Free Kids, a nonprofit anti-tobacco organization in Washington. (
  • Most anti-tobacco programs have been based more on intuition than hard data, he said. (
  • And in February 2016 it was reported that South Africa is ahead of the pack where it comes to anti-tobacco ratings. (
  • Representatives from 190 nations met last week in Geneva for the fourth-round of World Health Organization -sponsored talks to craft the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, an anti-tobacco global treaty. (
  • The premise of Bass' opinion regarding the sudden change in the smoking cessation remedy from $130 billion to $10 billion is that "anti-tobacco activists, newspaper ediotrialists, and leading Democratic Party figures have called for an investigation into the DOJ's actions, and the DOJ inspector general has reportedly begun looking into the matter. (
  • British American Tobacco and Philip Morris, two of the largest purchasers of Malawian tobacco, issued labor policy statements in the early 2000s which stated their position against child labor. (
  • Others would close loopholes in smoke-free workplace laws that allow smoking in break rooms and parts of hotel lobbies, increase the minimum age for those buying tobacco products to 21, require all schools to be tobacco-free and allow cities and counties to tax tobacco products. (
  • It appears that Congress will accomplish what the Indiana General Assembly could not: Increasing the legal age for the purchase of tobacco products to 21. (
  • The American Heart Association issued the following statement regarding the Stopping Consumption of Tobacco by Teens (SCOTT Act), a bill to raise the minimum legal sales age for tobacco products to 21 nationwide, introduced by Representatives Robert Aderholt (R-Ala.) and Juan Vargas (D-Calif. (
  • At the request of council member Amy Brendmoen, the restrictions will take effect in a year - on Nov. 1, 2018 - instead of within 90 days, giving street-corner stores more time to adjust. (
  • Cigarettes, by far the largest and most significant category in the tobacco market, posted a contraction in volume sales in 2018. (
  • EMAILWIRE.COM, November 20, 2018 ) The "Global Solar Cell Materials Market Analysis to 2025" is a specialized and in-depth study of the solar cell materials industry with a focus on the global market trend. (
  • EMAILWIRE.COM, November 20, 2018 ) Smoking has traditionally been widespread, tax increases driving up prices, and increased restrictions on public smoking. (
  • The letter demands that the film industry meet a 1 June 2018, deadline to stop depicting smoking in movies rated acceptable for children. (
  • In a conference call to the media early this afternoon, Mitch Zeller, J.D., Director, Center for Tobacco Products for the FDA, said the FDA intended to also target flavored cigars, including flavored premium cigars. (
  • A 1991 public relations plan (created by the PR company Ruder Finn for Philip Morris France) discusses how the company can work around a "difficult national situation," specifically a French law called " loi Evin ," which prohibits "all propaganda or publicity, direct or indirect, in favor of tobacco or tobacco products as well as their free distribution. (
  • Seeking to apply the doctrine to tobacco, the government argued it should have the power "to regulate business and to mitigate evils" to safeguard public health, the court filing showed. (
  • Tuesday 16 November 2004 ASH News Release: For Immediate Use - Tuesday 16th November Plans for smoking restrictions in workplaces and enclosed public places in today's public health White Paper will be a big step forwards for public health, Action on Smoking and Health said today. (
  • The documents were made public as a term of the 1998 Master Settlement Agreement between the states and the tobacco industry. (
  • ALEC has functioned both as a particularly potent front group and an ostensibly credible public relations conduit for the industry, by facilitating communication between the industry and legislators, and working to influence legislators' opinion in the industry's favor. (
  • Memo to State Executives, State Public Issue Staff, Tobacco-Free America. (
  • Amid the feverish embrace of electronic cigarettes, come several statements by the tobacco industry that should cause public health proponents of such products to get a grip. (
  • Two major programs in the settlement are dedicated to reducing teen smoking and educating the public about tobacco-related diseases. (
  • An additional $1.45 billion was utilized to create a National Public Education Fund to counter youth tobacco use and educate consumers about tobacco-related diseases. (
  • In the secretive, rarified world of trade negotiations, even when public health succeeds in getting a proposal to the negotiating table on an issue like tobacco, it is subject to be traded away at any moment by a trade minister who views it primarily as a bargaining chip for deals on more important concerns, like sugar, cars, or financial derivatives. (
  • Medical and public health leaders in the U.S. and worldwide have echoed the call to "carve out" tobacco from trade agreements. (
  • On public health grounds, the tobacco industry does not deserve much latitude to promote its deadly products with colorful images, as opposed to black-and-white text. (
  • Trade associations and other industry groupings established to deceive the public should be disbanded. (
  • later equally as faithfully, he served the cellular mobile phone industry when they faced growing public concerns about the possible brain effects of microwave radiation from the proximity to the head of the early high-powered pulse-transmission (GSM) mobile phones. (
  • At this time only 500 tobacco documents had been released in the public domain -- but many had a focus on Germany. (
  • However, with the tobacco industry circumventing the articles of the Convention, full implementation can often be derailed and efforts to protect the public from the dangers associated with tobacco - which kills nearly 6 million people every year - hindered. (
  • Contrary to the public pronouncements of the tobacco industry, the pack is an important promotional tool that is being used more aggressively and effectively as other channels are removed and health warnings are strengthened. (
  • As calls for restrictions on print advertisements, sampling and sports sponsorship became more frequent, the industry cooked up various public relations schemes to rebut compelling charges that it was marketing to kids. (
  • To the public, the industry tried to portray its efforts as purely altruistic, with concern for children and parents at the fore. (
  • While the tobacco industry resisted the restrictions on some fronts - winning an exception for active-duty military personnel, for instance - the effort to cast tobacco as a public-health issue continues to gain momentum. (
  • Public relations - the industry promotes misinformation, either directly or through front groups, to exaggerate the economic importance of the industry and its positive role in society. (
  • The industry aims to ensure that tobacco products remain affordable, while protecting their own profits - at the expense of public health. (
  • Public health officials contend the industry is preying upon a set of supine and vulnerable societies still recovering from the collapse of the Soviet empire, selling a product that kills more people than any other in the world. (
  • The more appealing bipartisan bill, winning the endorsement of many public health groups, is the Tobacco To 21 Act. (
  • By defining e-cigarettes as tobacco products, the state could also move to regulate indoor use in public spaces and apply existing taxes, according to Matthew Davis, chief medical executive for the Michigan Department of Community Health. (
  • The tobacco industry hijacked the public consultation and used numerous third parties to lobby on their behalf. (
  • The fact that the tobacco industry enjoyed this level of access and influence indicates that the EU has failed in its duty under the FCTC, the first global public health treaty developed by the World Health Organisation, to protect public health policies from tobacco industry influence. (
  • The tobacco settlement agreements brought about the kind of meaningful change that governments and the public health community had long sought in the tobacco business. (
  • Among other things, the MSA mandated that certain internal industry documents be made easily available to the public and imposes restrictions on Participating Manufacturers from lobbying on certain youth-related matters. (
  • Director of the State Tobacco Monopoly Administration Ling Chengxing took aim at proposed curbs on smoking in public indoor areas, saying controls on tobacco should not take an "absolutist" or "expansionist" direction, Reuters reported, citing an interview with the party paper Study Times . (
  • The coalition, which includes 17 public health and medical groups, sent a letter to film industry leaders in response to the CDC report. (
  • Other members include the American Cancer Society, the American Heart Association, the American Lung Association, the Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids, and the American Public Health Association. (
  • The McCarthyite baiting of anyone who suggests that these public health problems are all related serves only as a cover for the tobacco business. (
  • Those two groups, say the authors, have since waged campaigns to turn public opinion against tobacco taxes, smoke-free laws and health care reform in general. (
  • While it is well known that corporations can influence policy, the study "demonstrates the extent to which a particular industry has leveraged its resources to indirectly affect public policy,'' the authors write. (
  • As the Center for Media and Democracy's Wendell Potter , former public relations executive for Cigna and Humana , has written, the insurance industry is taking these and other flim-flams straight from the tobacco industry 's playbook. (
  • Not only is the tobacco industry a pioneer in manipulating public opinion and perception, it doesn't hesitate to stoop low to achieve its goals. (
  • The public health movement against tobacco use will be successful when young people no longer want to smoke. (
  • Fresh works with the regional media to ensure that the benefits of quitting, the harm of smoking, and tobacco issues are kept in the public eye all year round. (
  • A Hartlepool MP and Director of Public Health are backing proposed new restrictions on tobacco promotion this World No Tobacco Day (May 31). (
  • Hartlepool MP Iain Wright and Director of Public Health Louise Wallace are supporting a campaign for tobacco products to be sold in standardised packaging to help make smoking history for more children. (
  • An estimated 2.5 million Kenyans - over 11 percent of the country's adult population - currently use tobacco, according to the first Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) ever conducted in Kenya. (
  • To assess progress toward elimination of TAPS and the level of awareness of TAPS among persons aged ≥15 years, CDC used data from the Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) collected in 14 countries during 2008-2010. (
  • A summary of findings on worksite and household policies: California Adult Tobacco Survey. (
  • And the smoking-cessation aspect of e-cigarettes pits scientists and clinicians against one another, even though they are all "on the same side," said Filippos Filippidis, MD, PhD, from Imperial College London, who will discuss novel tobacco and nicotine products during the session that Vestbo will cochair. (
  • To explore this relationship, we studied publicly-available tobacco industry documents found in the Legacy Tobacco Documents Library (LTDL), an electronic archive created by the University of California San Francisco that contains 70+ million pages of previously-secret, internal tobacco industry documents obtained in the discovery phases of the 46 state attorneys general lawsuits against the tobacco industry. (
  • Undermining Popular Government: Tobacco Industry Political Expenditures in California 1993-1994 Report describing tobacco industry activities with respect to Proposition 188. (
  • By means of this deceiving name, NSA members collected names to put a referendum on the California poll in November 1994, which the Dolphin Group endorsed with billboards reading, "Yes on 188--Tough Statewide Smoking Restrictions. (
  • California became the second state to raise the minimum legal age to buy tobacco to 21, showing the continuing momentum for laws that target youth smoking. (
  • Glendale, Calif. - Selling tobacco to anyone under age 21 became illegal in California on Thursday, marking a milestone in an ongoing shift in American policies on tobacco use. (
  • As recently as 2014, the industry poured hundreds of thousands of dollars into both Democrat and Republican campaigns in California, the Sacramento Bee reported . (
  • Both Massachusetts and California have effective media campaigns that are large and sustained and that mock tobacco use,' Mr. Warner said. (
  • If SB 151 is approved by the Assembly and Gov. Jerry Brown, California would be one of the first states in the country to raise its legal tobacco purchase age to 21. (
  • Poll: Would raising the legal age to purchase tobacco in California have much impact? (
  • The issue of MMWR Recommendations and Reports (Vol. 43, No. RR-4) is a reprint of the Executive Summary of the Surgeon General's report entitled Preventing Tobacco Use Among Young People, released February 1994. (
  • Tasks listed include "Restore Smoker Confidence," "Reverse Health Perception," "Establish/Maintain/Exploit Smoker Clubs," "Resist Smoking Restriction" and others. (
  • New Delhi has for the first time asked the top court to classify tobacco as "res extra commercium", a Latin phrase meaning "outside commerce," according to a Reuters review of previously unreported court filing by the health ministry on 8 January. (
  • It will be a fillip to this drive against tobacco," said government lawyer R. Balasubramanian, who is acting on behalf of the ministry of health in pursuing the designation. (
  • Tobacco is not destructive to health. (
  • The manufacture, use, and marketing of tobacco present a serious threat to children's right to health. (
  • Health Assembly resolution 54.18, which urges Member States to be aware of affiliations between the tobacco industry and members of their delegations, and urges WHO and Member States to be alert to any efforts by the tobacco industry to continue its subversive practice and to assure the integrity of health policy development in any WHO meeting and in national governments. (
  • The federal agency released the independent review on Tuesday and is seeking input from the health community, the tobacco industry and others on possible restrictions on the mint-flavored cigarettes. (
  • It is seeking input from the health community, the tobacco industry and others on possible restrictions on the minty smokes. (
  • In fact, the problem is so alarming that the World Health Assembly approved nine voluntary global targets to help decrease tobacco prevalence by 30% among people older than 15 by 2025. (
  • As with any emerging industry, it is important that government and health organizations make a quick and calculated decision to help reduce harmful activities. (
  • After joining the World Health Organization's efforts to stop tobacco use in 2004, smoking in Japan became much more difficult, but it is not illegal. (
  • For the sake of the public's health, we hope this suit is the last gasp of an industry that has a long, sorry history of pretending to market only to adults while surreptitiously targeting young people. (
  • These bills will help to keep tobacco out of the hands of our youth while also helping to increase the overall health and wellness of Californians. (
  • He was both a boardroom Director of the tobacco industry's Verband and its Research Director at a time when the Verband was actively involved in creating misleading scientific papers and circulating disinformation about the health consequences of passive smoke ( ETS or Environmental Tobacco Smoke). (
  • This article explores the potential for the TPPA to constrain Australia's national health policy space through two illustrative case studies: tobacco plain packaging and the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS). (
  • And there should be one, but the terms, aside from protecting people's health, should impose harsh financial penalties on a deceitful industry. (
  • More money is spent advertising tobacco than any drug-an estimated $15 billion per year, 15 almost half of what the National Institutes of Health spends each year to study all aspects of health ( ). (
  • Health concerns, which have fostered legal and regulatory pressures, limit the growth prospects of this mature industry. (
  • Concerns regarding the health effects of tobacco usage have led to a steady decline in demand in the developed world. (
  • The Supreme Court of Canada today unanimously decided that if the tobacco industry is forced to pay damages to the BC government for tobacco-related health care costs, the federal government will not be required to reimburse the tobacco industry for those damages. (
  • The BC government has filed a lawsuit against the tobacco industry for billions of dollars in compensation for health care costs attributed to smoking. (
  • The Canadian Cancer Society praised the Supreme Court judgment, noting that it will also assist other provincial governments seeking compensation from the tobacco industry for health care costs. (
  • The Society has for many years urged provincial governments to sue the tobacco industry for tobacco-related health care costs. (
  • This industry has long tried to shift the blame to others for the enormous health burden caused by smoking, but the Supreme Court has rejected industry arguments. (
  • The first attempts to respond to the health consequences to tobacco use followed soon after the introduction of tobacco to Europe. (
  • This support is clearly not a sincere reflection of industry concern for the health of children. (
  • The Tobacco Atlas, Fifth Edition ("The Atlas"), and its companion mobile app and website, were unveiled today by the American Cancer Society and World Lung Foundation at the 16th World Conference on Tobacco or Health. (
  • The latest Monitoring the Future Study, an annual report on nationwide teenage drug, tobacco, and alcohol use by the University of Michigan and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, showed that tobacco use among the nation's 8th graders may be leveling off or even declining. (
  • The process for revision took over five years, and was beset by controversy, amid claims of tobacco industry interference, forcing the resignation of the Health Commissioner John Dalli and being described as "the most lobbied dossier in the history of EU institutions. (
  • At all times, the tobacco industry has slavishly adhered to the health establishment's dogmas of the primary emphasis on blaming lifestyle and chemical carcinogenesis, and its hostility to the infection hypothesis. (
  • From marketing to underage tobacco prevention, from industry lobbying to communications about the health consequences of smoking, the agreements impose restrictions on the Participating Manufacturers. (
  • A group of America's leading health organisations is now demanding that any movie that depicts smoking or tobacco use should come with an "R" (restricted) rating. (
  • By voluntarily implementing policies that require R ratings for smoking, the film industry can avert 1 million tobacco deaths among today's children, according to estimates from the CDC," the coalition of health groups said in the statement. (
  • The revised R rating guidelines spelled out in the letter would apply to all movies with smoking except those that "exclusively portray actual people who used tobacco [as in documentaries or biographical dramas] or that depict the serious health consequences of tobacco use," the coalition said. (
  • For example, we have raised awareness about our strategic goals, extended critical outreach to important groups and provided trainings at regional and national Synar workshops, the National Conference on Tobacco or Health and the Food & Drug Law Institute Conference . (
  • In the meantime, the U.S. Department of Justice announced last week that it will attempt to impose "broad restrictions" on tobacco advertising, including restricting ads to black and white, text-only formats with at least half the space devoted to "graphic health warnings. (
  • The World Health Organization considers smoke-free laws to have an influence to reduce demand for tobacco by creating an environment where smoking becomes increasingly more difficult and to help shift social norms away from the acceptance of smoking in everyday life. (
  • It underscores the seriousness of tobacco use, its relationship to other adolescent problem behaviors, and the responsibility of all citizens to protect the health of our children. (
  • Both the duration and the amount of tobacco use are related to eventual chronic health problems. (
  • Over 60,000 people nationwide have now put their names to a national Government consultation on whether plain, standardised packaging of tobacco would make packs less attractive to young people and make the damage to health much more obvious. (
  • A Federal Court has ordered R.J. Reynolds Tobacco, Philip Morris USA, Altria, and Lorillard to make this statement about the health effects of smoking. (
  • Cairo, 29 May, 2013 - The Global Youth Tobacco Survey found high levels of exposure in the Eastern Mediterranean Region to advertising on billboards and in newspapers and magazines. (
  • In addition, exposure to PG-13- and R-rated movies at an early age may be a major factor in the onset of adolescent tobacco and alcohol use. (
  • The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends a ban on all tobacco advertising in all media, limitations on alcohol advertising, avoiding exposure of young children to substance-related (tobacco, alcohol, prescription drugs, illegal drugs) content on television and in PG-13- and R-rated movies, incorporating the topic of advertising and media into all substance abuse-prevention programs, and implementing media education programs in the classroom. (
  • Much more is also known about programs and policies that encourage nonsmoking behavior among adults and protect nonsmokers from exposure to environmental tobacco smoke. (
  • In 2010, the rainfall patterns were not favorable to tobacco growing. (
  • The then-governor of Colorado (2003), Bill Owens, was identified in the document as "a friendly member of the House Local Government Committee (consistently favorable to tobacco interests)" who could "offer a substitute bill with desireable provisions with a good chance of having it adopted and passed out of committee. (
  • To understand the tobacco industry's strategy on the IARC study we analysed industry documents released in US litigation and interviewed IARC investigators. (
  • The industry estimates 45.7 million people in India depend on tobacco for their living. (
  • India is a tobacco growing country and there's a need to look at the interest of those people who are already in the sector," Poovayya said. (
  • NewswireToday - /newswire/ - Cincinnati, OH, United States, 2011/07/19 - In 2000, the United Nations' Food and Agricultural Organization estimated that there are 2298.8, 595.4 and 520.7 thousand tons of tobacco produced in China, India and Brazil, respectively - . (
  • The five largest tobacco producers are China 3.16mt, US 0.76mt, Brazil 0.58mt, India 0.58mt and Turkey 0.32mt, Between them they account for nearly two-thirds of global output. (
  • This compares unfavorably even with the highly exploitative agricultural practices of Brazil and India, which formally prohibit children under the age of 18 from working on tobacco farms. (
  • Rigorous enforcement of Providence, Rhode Island's flavored tobacco re- strictions and price discounting resulted in increased citations of policy vi- of e-cigarettes is attributed, in part, to the sale of these products in olations over 2 years. (
  • Lack of sustained funding for the first city in the United States to restrict tobacco price discount- enforcement has been challenging. (
  • This is of concern because the 2012 Surgeon General's Report found that industry-supported "youth access bills" have contained provisions that undermined efforts to prevent youth from starting to use tobacco products, such as local preemption of stricter policies and weak enforcement requirements. (
  • In 2001 the Supreme Court overturned rules in Massachusetts prohibiting outdoor advertising of tobacco products within 1,000 feet of schools and playgrounds because, while aimed at protecting children, the restrictions interfered unduly with messages aimed at adults. (
  • While roll-your-own (RYO) tobacco dominates, make-your-own (MYO) tobacco has become more popular, accounting for around one quarter of retail volume sales in 2016. (