Use of a device for the purpose of controlling movement of all or part of the body. Splinting and casting are FRACTURE FIXATION.
Devices used to protect and restrain infant and child automotive passengers.
Equipment and furniture used by infants and babies in the home, car, and play area.
Restraining belts fastened to the frame of automobiles, aircraft, or other vehicles, and strapped around the person occupying the seat in the car or plane, intended to prevent the person from being thrown forward or out of the vehicle in case of sudden deceleration.
The ability to carry out daily tasks and perform physical activities in a highly functional state, often as a result of physical conditioning.
The unfavorable effect of environmental factors (stressors) on the physiological functions of an organism. Prolonged unresolved physiological stress can affect HOMEOSTASIS of the organism, and may lead to damaging or pathological conditions.
Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.
The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.
An adrenocortical steroid that has modest but significant activities as a mineralocorticoid and a glucocorticoid. (From Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 8th ed, p1437)
A usually four-wheeled automotive vehicle designed for passenger transportation and commonly propelled by an internal-combustion engine using a volatile fuel. (Webster, 1973)
Therapeutic modalities frequently used in PHYSICAL THERAPY SPECIALTY by PHYSICAL THERAPISTS or physiotherapists to promote, maintain, or restore the physical and physiological well-being of an individual.
Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.
Accidents on streets, roads, and highways involving drivers, passengers, pedestrians, or vehicles. Traffic accidents refer to AUTOMOBILES (passenger cars, buses, and trucks), BICYCLING, and MOTORCYCLES but not OFF-ROAD MOTOR VEHICLES; RAILROADS nor snowmobiles.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Systematic and thorough inspection of the patient for physical signs of disease or abnormality.
The auxiliary health profession which makes use of PHYSICAL THERAPY MODALITIES to prevent, correct, and alleviate movement dysfunction of anatomic or physiological origin.
Instructional programs in the care and development of the body, often in schools. The concept does not include prescribed exercises, which is EXERCISE THERAPY.
Expenditure of energy during PHYSICAL ACTIVITY. Intensity of exertion may be measured by rate of OXYGEN CONSUMPTION; HEAT produced, or HEART RATE. Perceived exertion, a psychological measure of exertion, is included.
The restriction of the MOVEMENT of whole or part of the body by physical means (RESTRAINT, PHYSICAL) or chemically by ANALGESIA, or the use of TRANQUILIZING AGENTS or NEUROMUSCULAR NONDEPOLARIZING AGENTS. It includes experimental protocols used to evaluate the physiologic effects of immobility.
Automotive safety devices consisting of a bag designed to inflate upon collision and prevent passengers from pitching forward. (American Heritage Dictionary, 1982)
Physical manipulation of animals and humans to induce a behavioral or other psychological reaction. In experimental psychology, the animal is handled to induce a stress situation or to study the effects of "gentling" or "mothering".
The interactions between the anterior pituitary and adrenal glands, in which corticotropin (ACTH) stimulates the adrenal cortex and adrenal cortical hormones suppress the production of corticotropin by the anterior pituitary.
An anterior pituitary hormone that stimulates the ADRENAL CORTEX and its production of CORTICOSTEROIDS. ACTH is a 39-amino acid polypeptide of which the N-terminal 24-amino acid segment is identical in all species and contains the adrenocorticotrophic activity. Upon further tissue-specific processing, ACTH can yield ALPHA-MSH and corticotrophin-like intermediate lobe peptide (CLIP).
A collection of NEURONS, tracts of NERVE FIBERS, endocrine tissue, and blood vessels in the HYPOTHALAMUS and the PITUITARY GLAND. This hypothalamo-hypophyseal portal circulation provides the mechanism for hypothalamic neuroendocrine (HYPOTHALAMIC HORMONES) regulation of pituitary function and the release of various PITUITARY HORMONES into the systemic circulation to maintain HOMEOSTASIS.
Models used experimentally or theoretically to study molecular shape, electronic properties, or interactions; includes analogous molecules, computer-generated graphics, and mechanical structures.
A peptide of about 41 amino acids that stimulates the release of ADRENOCORTICOTROPIC HORMONE. CRH is synthesized by neurons in the PARAVENTRICULAR NUCLEUS of the HYPOTHALAMUS. After being released into the pituitary portal circulation, CRH stimulates the release of ACTH from the PITUITARY GLAND. CRH can also be synthesized in other tissues, such as PLACENTA; ADRENAL MEDULLA; and TESTIS.
NMR spectroscopy on small- to medium-size biological macromolecules. This is often used for structural investigation of proteins and nucleic acids, and often involves more than one isotope.
Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.
Devices designed to provide personal protection against injury to individuals exposed to hazards in industry, sports, aviation, or daily activities.
The placing of a body or a part thereof into a liquid.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Mapping of the linear order of genes on a chromosome with units indicating their distances by using methods other than genetic recombination. These methods include nucleotide sequencing, overlapping deletions in polytene chromosomes, and electron micrography of heteroduplex DNA. (From King & Stansfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 5th ed)
Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Usual level of physical activity that is less than 30 minutes of moderate-intensity activity on most days of the week.
Spectroscopic method of measuring the magnetic moment of elementary particles such as atomic nuclei, protons or electrons. It is employed in clinical applications such as NMR Tomography (MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING).
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
The disappearance of responsiveness to a repeated stimulation. It does not include drug habituation.
Freedom from exposure to danger and protection from the occurrence or risk of injury or loss. It suggests optimal precautions in the workplace, on the street, in the home, etc., and includes personal safety as well as the safety of property.
Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.
A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.
The performance of the basic activities of self care, such as dressing, ambulation, or eating.
The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.
Eating an excess amount of food in a short period of time, as seen in the disorder of BULIMIA NERVOSA. It is caused by an abnormal craving for food, or insatiable hunger also known as "ox hunger".
The time span between the beginning of physical activity by an individual and the termination because of exhaustion.
An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Persons trained in PHYSICAL THERAPY SPECIALTY to make use of PHYSICAL THERAPY MODALITIES to prevent, correct, and alleviate movement dysfunction.
Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
Cell surface proteins that bind corticotropin-releasing hormone with high affinity and trigger intracellular changes which influence the behavior of cells. The corticotropin releasing-hormone receptors on anterior pituitary cells mediate the stimulation of corticotropin release by hypothalamic corticotropin releasing factor. The physiological consequence of activating corticotropin-releasing hormone receptors on central neurons is not well understood.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
A diet designed to cause an individual to lose weight.
The characteristic 3-dimensional shape of a protein, including the secondary, supersecondary (motifs), tertiary (domains) and quaternary structure of the peptide chain. PROTEIN STRUCTURE, QUATERNARY describes the conformation assumed by multimeric proteins (aggregates of more than one polypeptide chain).
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
Activity engaged in for pleasure.
An increase in the rate of speed.
An activity in which the body advances at a slow to moderate pace by moving the feet in a coordinated fashion. This includes recreational walking, walking for fitness, and competitive race-walking.
The observable response an animal makes to any situation.
A medical specialty concerned with the use of physical agents, mechanical apparatus, and manipulation in rehabilitating physically diseased or injured patients.
The effect of environmental or physiological factors on the driver and driving ability. Included are driving fatigue, and the effect of drugs, disease, and physical disabilities on driving.
A regimen or plan of physical activities designed and prescribed for specific therapeutic goals. Its purpose is to restore normal musculoskeletal function or to reduce pain caused by diseases or injuries.
The separation of individuals or groups resulting in the lack of or minimizing of social contact and/or communication. This separation may be accomplished by physical separation, by social barriers and by psychological mechanisms. In the latter, there may be interaction but no real communication.
A strain of albino rat developed at the Wistar Institute that has spread widely at other institutions. This has markedly diluted the original strain.
The enactment of laws and ordinances and their regulation by official organs of a nation, state, or other legislative organization. It refers also to health-related laws and regulations in general or for which there is no specific heading.
Activities or games, usually involving physical effort or skill. Reasons for engagement in sports include pleasure, competition, and/or financial reward.
Qualitative and quantitative measurement of MOVEMENT patterns.
The consumption of edible substances.
Manipulation of the behavior of persons or animals by biomedical, physical, psychological, or social means, including for nontherapeutic reasons.
Facilities which provide nursing supervision and limited medical care to persons who do not require hospitalization.
The structuring of the environment to permit or promote specific patterns of behavior.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
Feeling or emotion of dread, apprehension, and impending disaster but not disabling as with ANXIETY DISORDERS.
Nucleus in the anterior part of the HYPOTHALAMUS.
Linear POLYPEPTIDES that are synthesized on RIBOSOMES and may be further modified, crosslinked, cleaved, or assembled into complex proteins with several subunits. The specific sequence of AMINO ACIDS determines the shape the polypeptide will take, during PROTEIN FOLDING, and the function of the protein.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Diet modification and physical exercise to improve the ability of animals to perform physical activities.
The kind of action or activity proper to the judiciary, particularly its responsibility for decision making.
Geriatric long-term care facilities which provide supervision and assistance in activities of daily living with medical and nursing services when required.
The main glucocorticoid secreted by the ADRENAL CORTEX. Its synthetic counterpart is used, either as an injection or topically, in the treatment of inflammation, allergy, collagen diseases, asthma, adrenocortical deficiency, shock, and some neoplastic conditions.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
The homogeneous mixtures formed by the mixing of a solid, liquid, or gaseous substance (solute) with a liquid (the solvent), from which the dissolved substances can be recovered by physical processes. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Individuals' concept of their own bodies.
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Methods of creating machines and devices.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
The chemical reactions involved in the production and utilization of various forms of energy in cells.
The study of CHEMICAL PHENOMENA and processes in terms of the underlying PHYSICAL PHENOMENA and processes.
The level of protein structure in which regular hydrogen-bond interactions within contiguous stretches of polypeptide chain give rise to alpha helices, beta strands (which align to form beta sheets) or other types of coils. This is the first folding level of protein conformation.
Excision of one or both adrenal glands. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
The segregation of patients with communicable or other diseases for a specified time. Isolation may be strict, in which movement and social contacts are limited; modified, where an effort to control specified aspects of care is made in order to prevent cross infection; or reverse, where the patient is secluded in a controlled or germ-free environment in order to protect him or her from cross infection.
Ulceration of the GASTRIC MUCOSA due to contact with GASTRIC JUICE. It is often associated with HELICOBACTER PYLORI infection or consumption of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS).
Determination of the degree of a physical, mental, or emotional handicap. The diagnosis is applied to legal qualification for benefits and income under disability insurance and to eligibility for Social Security and workmen's compensation benefits.
A space which has limited openings for entry and exit combined with unfavorable natural ventilation such as CAVES, refrigerators, deep tunnels, pipelines, sewers, silos, tanks, vats, mines, deep trenches or pits, vaults, manholes, chimneys, etc.
An activity in which the body is propelled through water by specific movement of the arms and/or the legs. Swimming as propulsion through water by the movement of limbs, tail, or fins of animals is often studied as a form of PHYSICAL EXERTION or endurance.
The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.
Bilateral dissection of the abdominal branches of the vagus nerve. It is used frequently in the surgical management of duodenal and gastric ulcers, as well as in physiologic studies of gastrointestinal secretion and motility.
The measurement and recording of MOTOR ACTIVITY to assess rest/activity cycles.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
The state wherein the person is well adjusted.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
The desire for FOOD generated by a sensation arising from the lack of food in the STOMACH.
Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.
Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.
Almond-shaped group of basal nuclei anterior to the INFERIOR HORN OF THE LATERAL VENTRICLE of the TEMPORAL LOBE. The amygdala is part of the limbic system.
Efforts and designs to reduce the incidence of unexpected undesirable events in various environments and situations.
An eating disorder that is characterized by a cycle of binge eating (BULIMIA or bingeing) followed by inappropriate acts (purging) to avert weight gain. Purging methods often include self-induced VOMITING, use of LAXATIVES or DIURETICS, excessive exercise, and FASTING.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is above certain standard of acceptable or desirable weight. In the scale of BODY MASS INDEX, overweight is defined as having a BMI of 25.0-29.9 kg/m2. Overweight may or may not be due to increases in body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE), hence overweight does not equal "over fat".
Educational institutions.
Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.
A person's view of himself.
The level of protein structure in which combinations of secondary protein structures (alpha helices, beta sheets, loop regions, and motifs) pack together to form folded shapes called domains. Disulfide bridges between cysteines in two different parts of the polypeptide chain along with other interactions between the chains play a role in the formation and stabilization of tertiary structure. Small proteins usually consist of only one domain but larger proteins may contain a number of domains connected by segments of polypeptide chain which lack regular secondary structure.
Total number of calories taken in daily whether ingested or by parenteral routes.
The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.
The position or attitude of the body.
Decrease in existing BODY WEIGHT.
The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.
An animal's cleaning and caring for the body surface. This includes preening, the cleaning and oiling of feathers with the bill or of hair with the tongue.
Behavior which may be manifested by destructive and attacking action which is verbal or physical, by covert attitudes of hostility or by obstructionism.
The act of injuring one's own body to the extent of cutting off or permanently destroying a limb or other essential part of a body.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.
A group of disorders characterized by physiological and psychological disturbances in appetite or food intake.
Hospital department which is responsible for the administration and provision of diagnostic and medical rehabilitation services to restore or improve the functional capacity of the patient.
Persons with physical or mental disabilities that affect or limit their activities of daily living and that may require special accommodations.
Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.
Hyperextension injury to the neck, often the result of being struck from behind by a fast-moving vehicle, in an automobile accident. (From Segen, The Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
Proposed anesthetic with possible anticonvulsant and sedative properties.
Method for obtaining information through verbal responses, written or oral, from subjects.
Stable nitrogen atoms that have the same atomic number as the element nitrogen, but differ in atomic weight. N-15 is a stable nitrogen isotope.
The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.
Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
The measurement of the health status for a given population using a variety of indices, including morbidity, mortality, and available health resources.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of chemical processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Ventral part of the DIENCEPHALON extending from the region of the OPTIC CHIASM to the caudal border of the MAMMILLARY BODIES and forming the inferior and lateral walls of the THIRD VENTRICLE.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The non-genetic biological changes of an organism in response to challenges in its ENVIRONMENT.
Cellular DNA-binding proteins encoded by the c-fos genes (GENES, FOS). They are involved in growth-related transcriptional control. c-fos combines with c-jun (PROTO-ONCOGENE PROTEINS C-JUN) to form a c-fos/c-jun heterodimer (TRANSCRIPTION FACTOR AP-1) that binds to the TRE (TPA-responsive element) in promoters of certain genes.
The tendency to explore or investigate a novel environment. It is considered a motivation not clearly distinguishable from curiosity.
A computer simulation developed to study the motion of molecules over a period of time.
Increase in BODY WEIGHT over existing weight.
The relative amounts of various components in the body, such as percentage of body fat.
An unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli which are detected by NERVE ENDINGS of NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS.
The process in which substances, either endogenous or exogenous, bind to proteins, peptides, enzymes, protein precursors, or allied compounds. Specific protein-binding measures are often used as assays in diagnostic assessments.
The use of electronic equipment to observe or record physiologic processes while the patient undergoes normal daily activities.
Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.
The amount of force generated by MUSCLE CONTRACTION. Muscle strength can be measured during isometric, isotonic, or isokinetic contraction, either manually or using a device such as a MUSCLE STRENGTH DYNAMOMETER.
Falls due to slipping or tripping which may result in injury.
Economic aspects of the nursing profession.
Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.
Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the child.
Processes involved in the formation of TERTIARY PROTEIN STRUCTURE.
A low-energy attractive force between hydrogen and another element. It plays a major role in determining the properties of water, proteins, and other compounds.
A rigorously mathematical analysis of energy relationships (heat, work, temperature, and equilibrium). It describes systems whose states are determined by thermal parameters, such as temperature, in addition to mechanical and electromagnetic parameters. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 12th ed)
A plant genus of the family APIACEAE that is the source of bupleurum root and of bupleurotoxin and is an ingredient of sho-saiko-to.
The normal process of elimination of fecal material from the RECTUM.
A species of sheep, Ovis aries, descended from Near Eastern wild forms, especially mouflon.
Cognitive mechanism based on expectations or beliefs about one's ability to perform actions necessary to produce a given effect. It is also a theoretical component of behavior change in various therapeutic treatments. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)
AUTOMOBILES, trucks, buses, or similar engine-driven conveyances. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
The study of crystal structure using X-RAY DIFFRACTION techniques. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The number of times the HEART VENTRICLES contract per unit of time, usually per minute.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
A non-steroidal estrogen antagonist (as the 1:1 citrate) most commonly used as a research tool in animal studies.
A state of harmony between internal needs and external demands and the processes used in achieving this condition. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
The state of weariness following a period of exertion, mental or physical, characterized by a decreased capacity for work and reduced efficiency to respond to stimuli.
A chlorinated anilide that is used as an herbicide.
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.
The surgical removal of one or both ovaries.
Learning the correct route through a maze to obtain reinforcement. It is used for human or animal populations. (Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 6th ed)
A progestational and glucocorticoid hormone antagonist. Its inhibition of progesterone induces bleeding during the luteal phase and in early pregnancy by releasing endogenous prostaglandins from the endometrium or decidua. As a glucocorticoid receptor antagonist, the drug has been used to treat hypercortisolism in patients with nonpituitary CUSHING SYNDROME.
The use of force or intimidation to obtain compliance.
Acquired or learned food preferences.
Country located in EUROPE. It is bordered by the NORTH SEA, BELGIUM, and GERMANY. Constituent areas are Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, formerly included in the NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.
A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Middle portion of the hypothalamus containing the arcuate, dorsomedial, ventromedial nuclei, the TUBER CINEREUM and the PITUITARY GLAND.
Reduction in caloric intake without reduction in adequate nutrition. In experimental animals, caloric restriction has been shown to extend lifespan and enhance other physiological variables.
Nursing care of the aged patient given in the home, the hospital, or special institutions such as nursing homes, psychiatric institutions, etc.
Abuse of children in a family, institutional, or other setting. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
A set of statistical methods for analyzing the correlations among several variables in order to estimate the number of fundamental dimensions that underlie the observed data and to describe and measure those dimensions. It is used frequently in the development of scoring systems for rating scales and questionnaires.
Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.
A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.
Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.
The entities of matter and energy, and the processes, principles, properties, and relationships describing their nature and interactions.
Special hospitals which provide care to the mentally ill patient.
The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.
The means of moving persons, animals, goods, or materials from one place to another.

Effects of nicorandil on experimentally induced gastric ulcers in rats: a possible role of K(ATP) channels. (1/1058)

The anti-ulcer effects of nicorandil [N-(2-hydroxyethyl)nicotinamide nitrate ester] were examined on water-immersion plus restraint stress-induced and aspirin-induced gastric ulcers in rats, compared with those of cimetidine. Nicorandil (3 and 10 mg/kg) given orally to rats dose-dependently inhibited the development of acid-related damage (water-immersion- and aspirin-induced gastric lesions) in the models. Cimetidine (50 mg/kg, p.o.) also had anti-ulcer effects in the same models. However, in the presence of glibenclamide (20 mg/kg, i.v.), an antagonist of K(ATP) channels, nicorandil did not inhibit the formation of gastric lesions. Nicorandil (10 mg/kg) given intraduodenally (i.d.), like cimetidine (50 mg/kg), significantly reduced the volume of the gastric content, total acidity and total acid output in the pylorus ligation model. Glibenclamide reversed the changes caused by i.d. nicorandil. I.v. infusion of nicorandil (20 microg/kg per min) significantly increased gastric mucosal blood flow, without affecting blood pressure and heart rate, but the increase in the blood flow was not observed after i.v. treatment with glibenclamide (20 mg/kg). These results indicate that nicorandil administered orally to rats produces the anti-ulcer effect by reducing the aggressive factors and by enhancing the defensive process in the mucosa through its K(ATP)-channel-opening property.  (+info)

Action of the brain stem saccade generator during horizontal gaze shifts. I. Discharge patterns of omnidirectional pause neurons. (2/1058)

Omnidirectional pause neurons (OPNs) pause for the duration of a saccade in all directions because they are part of the neural mechanism that controls saccade duration. In the natural situation, however, large saccades are accompanied by head movements to produce rapid gaze shifts. To determine whether OPNs are part of the mechanism that controls the whole gaze shift rather than the eye saccade alone, we monitored the activity of 44 OPNs that paused for rightward and leftward gaze shifts but otherwise discharged at relatively constant average rates. Pause duration was well correlated with the duration of either eye or gaze movement but poorly correlated with the duration of head movement. The time of pause onset was aligned tightly with the onset of either eye or gaze movement but only loosely aligned with the onset of head movement. These data suggest that the OPN pause does not encode the duration of head movement. Further, the end of the OPN pause was often better aligned with the end of the eye movement than with the end of the gaze movement for individual gaze shifts. For most gaze shifts, the eye component ended with an immediate counterrotation owing to the vestibuloocular reflex (VOR), and gaze ended at variable times thereafter. In those gaze shifts where eye counterrotation was delayed, the end of the pause also was delayed. Taken together, these data suggest that the end of the pause influences the onset of eye counterrotation, not the end of the gaze shift. We suggest that OPN neurons act to control only that portion of the gaze movement that is commanded by the eye burst generator. This command is expressed by driving the saccadic eye movement directly and also by suppressing VOR eye counterrotation. Because gaze end is less well correlated with pause end and often occurs well after counterrotation onset, we conclude that elements of the burst generator typically are not active till gaze end, and that gaze end is determined by another mechanism independent of the OPNs.  (+info)

Lateralized effects of medial prefrontal cortex lesions on neuroendocrine and autonomic stress responses in rats. (3/1058)

The medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) is highly activated by stress and modulates neuroendocrine and autonomic function. Dopaminergic inputs to mPFC facilitate coping ability and demonstrate considerable hemispheric functional lateralization. The present study investigated the potentially lateralized regulation of stress responses at the level of mPFC output neurons, using ibotenic acid lesions. Neuroendocrine function was assessed by plasma corticosterone increases in response to acute or repeated 20 min restraint stress. The primary index of autonomic activation was gastric ulcer development during a separate cold restraint stress. Restraint-induced defecation was also monitored. Plasma corticosterone levels were markedly lower in response to repeated versus acute restraint stress. In acutely restrained animals, right or bilateral, but not left mPFC lesions, decreased prestress corticosterone levels, whereas in repeatedly restrained rats, the same lesions significantly reduced the peak stress-induced corticosterone response. Stress ulcer development (after a single cold restraint stress) was greatly reduced by either right or bilateral mPFC lesions but was unaffected by left lesions. Restraint-induced defecation was elevated in animals with left mPFC lesions. Finally, a left-biased asymmetry in adrenal gland weights was observed across animals, which was unaffected by mPFC lesions. The results suggest that mPFC output neurons demonstrate an intrinsic right brain specialization in both neuroendocrine and autonomic activation. Such findings may be particularly relevant to clinical depression which is associated with both disturbances in stress regulatory systems and hemispheric imbalances in prefrontal function.  (+info)

Expansion of extrathymic T cells as well as granulocytes in the liver and other organs of granulocyte-colony stimulating factor transgenic mice: why they lost the ability of hybrid resistance. (4/1058)

When we attempted to characterize the immunological state in G-CSF transgenic mice, a large number of not only granulocytes but also lymphoid cells expanded in various immune organs. Such lymphoid cells were present at unusual sites of these organs, e.g., the parenchymal space in the liver. We then determined the phenotype of these lymphoid cells by immunofluorescence tests. It was demonstrated that CD3intIL-2Rbeta+ cells (i.e., extrathymic T cells), including the NK1.1+ subset of CD3int cells (i.e., NKT cells), increased in the liver and all other tested organs. These T cells as well as NK cells mediated NK and NK-like cytotoxicity, especially at youth. However, they were not able to mediate such cytotoxicity in the presence of granulocytes. This result might be associated with deficiency in the hybrid resistance previously ascribed to these mice. In other words, G-CSF transgenic mice had a large number of extrathymic T cells (including NKT cells) and NK cells that mediate hybrid resistance, but their function was suppressed by activated granulocytes. Indeed, these granulocytes showed an elevated level of Ca2+ influx upon stimulation. The present results suggest that, in parallel with overactivation of granulocytes, extrathymic T cells and NK cells are concomitantly activated in number but that their function is suppressed in G-CSF transgenic mice.  (+info)

Prevention of stress-induced weight loss by third ventricle CRF receptor antagonist. (5/1058)

We previously reported that rats exposed to repeated restraint (3 h/day for 3 days) experience temporary hypophagia and a sustained reduction in body weight compared with nonrestrained controls. Studies described here determined the involvement of central corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) receptors in the initiation of this chronic response to acute stress. In experiment 1, Sprague-Dawley rats were fitted with cannulas in the lateral ventricle and infused with 50 micrograms of alphahCRF-(9-41) or saline immediately before restraint on each of the 3 days of restraint. The receptor antagonist inhibited hypophagia and weight loss on day 1 of restraint but not on days 2 and 3. In experiment 2, 10 micrograms of alphahCRF-(9-41) or saline were infused into the third ventricle immediately before each restraint. The receptor antagonist totally blocked stress-induced hypophagia and weight loss. These results demonstrate that CRF receptors located in or near the hypothalamus mediate the acute responses to stress that lead to a permanent change in the hormonal or metabolic processes that determine body weight and body composition.  (+info)

Regulation of GLUT-3 glucose transporter in the hippocampus of diabetic rats subjected to stress. (6/1058)

Previous studies from our laboratory have demonstrated that chronic stress produces molecular, morphological, and ultrastructural changes in the rat hippocampus that are accompanied by cognitive deficits. Glucocorticoid attenuation of glucose utilization is proposed to be one of the causative factors involved in stress-induced changes in the hippocampus, producing an energy-compromised environment that may make hippocampal neuronal populations more vulnerable to neurotoxic insults. Similarly, diabetes potentiates neuronal damage in acute neurotoxic events, such as ischemia and stroke. Accordingly, the current study examined the regulation of the neuron-specific glucose transporter, GLUT-3, in the hippocampus of streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats subjected to restraint stress. Diabetes leads to significant increases in GLUT-3 mRNA and protein expression in the hippocampus, increases that are not affected by stress. Collectively, these results suggest that streptozotocin-induced increases in GLUT-3 mRNA and protein expression in the hippocampus may represent a compensatory mechanism to increase glucose utilization during diabetes and also suggest that modulation of GLUT-3 expression is not responsible for glucocorticoid impairment of glucose utilization.  (+info)

Effect of immobilization stress on testicular germ cell apoptosis in rats. (7/1058)

The influence of immobilization stress on testicular germ cell apoptosis was investigated in rats. A transient increase in serum corticosterone and a transient decrease in serum testosterone were observed during each period of immobilization stress. Twenty-four hours after the last immobilization session, the testicular weight and serum concentrations of corticosterone and testosterone were the same between the immobilization stress and control groups. However, the percentages of apoptotic tubules and apoptotic cells in the stress group were significantly higher than those in controls (P < 0.001). These facts suggest that immobilization stress can enhance testicular germ cell apoptosis in rats.  (+info)

Independent and overlapping effects of corticosterone and testosterone on corticotropin-releasing hormone and arginine vasopressin mRNA expression in the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus and stress-induced adrenocorticotropic hormone release. (8/1058)

Adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) release is regulated by both glucocorticoids and androgens; however, the precise interactions are unclear. We have controlled circulating corticosterone (B) and testosterone (T) by adrenalectomy (ADX) +/- B replacement and gonadectomy (GDX) +/- T replacement, comparing these to sham-operated groups. We hoped to reveal how and where these neuroendocrine systems interact to affect resting and stress-induced ACTH secretion. ADX responses. In gonadal-intact rats, ADX increased corticotropin-releasing factor (CRH) and vasopressin (AVP) mRNA in hypothalamic parvocellular paraventricular nuclei (PVN) and ACTH in pituitary and plasma. B restored these toward normal. GDX blocked the increase in AVP but not CRH mRNA and reduced plasma, but not pituitary ACTH in ADX rats. GDX+T restored increased AVP mRNA in ADX rats, although plasma ACTH remained decreased. Stress responses. Restraint-induced ACTH responses were elevated in ADX gonadally intact rats, and B reduced these toward normal. GDX in adrenal-intact and ADX+B rats increased ACTH responses. Without B, T did not affect ACTH; together with B, T restored ACTH responses to normal. The magnitude of ACTH responses to stress was paralleled by similar effects on the number of c-fos staining neurons in the hypophysiotropic PVN. We conclude that gonadal regulation of ACTH responses to ADX is determined by T dependent effects on AVP biosynthesis, whereas CRH biosynthesis is B-dependent. Stress-induced ACTH release is not explained by B and T interactions at the PVN, but is determined by B- and T-dependent changes in drive to PVN motorneurons.  (+info)

AIMS: This study aimed to determine paediatric nurses ideas and attitudes towards physical restraint in Turkey, the consent obtained, physical restraint types used in paediatric units and complications developing in children subjected to physical restraint.. BACKGROUND: Physical restraint, although controversial, is still common in paediatric units in Turkey and creates complications, which were observed or investigated by researchers.. DESIGN AND METHOD: The research used descriptive, analytical and cross-sectional methods with 121 paediatric nurses working in paediatric surgical-internal medicine services and paediatric intensive care units of four hospitals. The questionnaire consisted of open-ended questions and was applied via face-to-face interviews.. RESULTS: 66.9% of nurses reported that nurse shortages were the main reason for increased physical restraint applications, 58.7% tried alternative methods, and 71.1% indicated no need of written orders for physical restraint use. Physical ...
Earlier this month, the Governor signed Public Act 17-220 (House Bill 7276), which contains a number of provisions aimed at providing mandate relief to boards of education. Section 5 of Public Act 17-220, effective July 1, 2017, makes significant changes to the physical restraint and seclusion training requirements that were enacted as part of Public Act 15-141 (now codified at Conn. Gen. Stat. § 10-236b). We recommend that school districts consider these revisions as they plan for staff professional development.. Public Act 15-141 required boards of education to train all school professionals, paraprofessional staff members and administrators in physical restraint and seclusion. Specifically, Public Act 15-141 required (1) all school professionals, paraprofessional staff members and administrators to receive an annual overview of relevant laws and regulations regarding the use of physical restraint and seclusion on students provided by the State Department of Education; and (2) boards of ...
Ádson Costa, Julieta Volpato, Cláudio R S Mattoso, Bruno Lunardeli, Aury N de Moraes, Mere E Saito PMID: 29517440 DOI: 10.1638/2016-0125R2.1 Abstract Hematology is an important health indicator in birds, but the stress from capture or anesthesia can cause alterations in blood count. This study aimed to evaluate the differences found in blood counts among guans (Penelope obscura) under physical restraint and anesthetized with isoflurane. Thirty-two free-range guans from the Brazilian Institute of
TY - JOUR. T1 - Active finger extension predicts outcomes after constraint-induced movement therapy for individuals with hemiparesis after stroke. AU - Fritz, Stacy L.. AU - Light, Kathye E.. AU - Patterson, Tara S.. AU - Behrman, Andrea L.. AU - Davis, Sandra B.. PY - 2005/6. Y1 - 2005/6. N2 - Background and Purpose - Constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT) is a rehabilitative strategy used primarily with the post-stroke population to increase the functional use of the neurologically weaker upper extremity through massed practice while restraining the lesser involved upper extremity. Whereas research evidence supports CIMT, limited evidence exists regarding the characteristics of individuals who benefit most from this intervention. The goal of this study was to investigate the potential of 5 measures to predict functional CIMT outcomes. Methods - A convenience sample of 55 individuals, ,6 months after stroke, was recruited that met specific inclusion/exclusion criteria allowing for ...
Macroautophagy/autophagy is generally regarded as a cytoprotective mechanism, and it remains a matter of controversy whether autophagy can cause cell death in mammals. Here, we show that chronic restraint stress suppresses adult hippocampal neurogenesis in mice by inducing autophagic cell death (ACD) of hippocampal neural stem cells (NSCs). We generated NSC-specific, inducible Atg7 conditional knockout mice and found that they had an intact number of NSCs and neurogenesis level under chronic restraint stress and were resilient to stress- or corticosterone-induced cognitive and mood deficits. Corticosterone treatment of adult hippocampal NSC cultures induced ACD via SGK3 (serum/glucocorticoid regulated kinase 3) without signs of apoptosis. Our results demonstrate that ACD is biologically important in a mammalian system in vivo and would be an attractive target for therapeutic intervention for psychological stress-induced disorders. Abbreviations: AAV: adeno-associated virus; ACD: autophagic cell ...
Ancestral environmental exposures have previously been shown to promote epigenetic transgenerational inheritance and influence all aspects of an individuals life history. In addition, proximate life events such as chronic stress have documented effects on the development of physiological, neural, and behavioral phenotypes in adulthood. We used a systems biology approach to investigate in male rats the interaction of the ancestral modifications carried transgenerationally in the germ line and the proximate modifications involving chronic restraint stress during adolescence. We find that a single exposure to a common-use fungicide (vinclozolin) three generations removed alters the physiology, behavior, metabolic activity, and transcriptome in discrete brain nuclei in descendant males, causing them to respond differently to chronic restraint stress. This alteration of baseline brain development promotes a change in neural genomic activity that correlates with changes in physiology and behavior, ...
Background. Previously in line with the concept of a triune neuro-endocrine-immune complex we have been carried out integrated quantitative estimation of neuroendocrine and immune responses to chronic restraint stress at male rats. At the next stage, research has been conducted in this line on female rats. In this article we give the results of quantitative evaluation of neuroendocrine responses to chronic restraint stress.. Material and methods. The experiment has been conducted on 60 white female rats Wistar line weighing 230-300 g. 10 of these animals have not subjected to any influences and 50 of them subjected to moderated stress by daily 30-minute immobilization during 7 days. The day after the completion of stressing in rats of both groups the parameters of HRV, blood levels of hormones as well as blood and urine levels Ca, P, Na and K have been registered. The thickness of glomerular, fascicular and reticular zones in sections of the adrenal glands thas been measured under a ...
2019 Wisconsin Act 118 - Pupil Restraint and Seclusion 2019 Wis. Act 118, which revises Wisconsin state law on addressing the use of seclusion and restraint in
Constraint-induced movement therapy (CI, CIT, or CIMT) is a form of rehabilitation therapy that improves upper extremity function in stroke and other central nervous system damage victims by increasing the use of their affected upper limb. Due to its high duration of treatment, the therapy has been found to frequently be infeasible when attempts have been made to apply it to clinical situations, and both patients and treating clinicians have reported poor compliance and concerns with patient safety. In the United States, the high duration of the therapy has also made the therapy not able to get reimbursed in most clinical environments. However, distributed or modified CIT protocols have enjoyed similar efficacy to CIMT, have been able to be administered in outpatient clinical environments, and have enjoyed high success rates internationally. The focus of CIMT is to combine restraint of the unaffected limb and intensive use of the affected limb. Types of restraints include a sling or triangular ...
Sometimes health professionals need to keep a person from moving around or grabbing things. This is called restraining someone.. It can be upsetting to see your loved one restrained and tied down. But doctors only do this when people are in danger of hurting themselves or others.. Restraints can keep someone from pulling out the intravenous (IV) lines that carry medicine into the body. They can also keep a person from removing medical equipment thats attached to his or her body. This equipment helps the doctor watch for changes in the persons health.. The doctor may use restraints to keep a person from scratching or rubbing wounds. Or to keep him or her from getting out of bed if it is not safe. And they may be used if someone gets upset because of a serious injury or emotional problem.. The doctor or nurse will remove the restraints as soon as its safe.. ...
Constraint-induced movement therapy for upper extremities in stroke patients answers are found in the Evidence-Based Medicine Guidelines powered by Unbound Medicine. Available for iPhone, iPad, Android, and Web.
Participant perception of recovery as criterion to establish importance of improvement for constraint-induced movement therapy outcome measures: a preliminary study.
This page provides relevant content and local businesses that can help with your search for information on Horse Twitches. You will find informative articles about Horse Twitches, including Safe Twitching. Below you will also find local businesses that may provide the products or services you are looking for. Please scroll down to find the local resources in Hilo, HI that can help answer your questions about Horse Twitches.
(title:restraints AND body:restraints), (title:aggression)^1, (title:wandering)^1, (title:restraints)^2, physical restraints, chemical restraints, environmental restraints, avoid restraints, use of restraints
(title:restraints AND body:restraints), (title:aggression)^1, (title:wandering)^1, (title:restraints)^2, physical restraints, chemical restraints, environmental restraints, avoid restraints, use of restraints
The majority of preclinical studies involving laboratory animals require the administration of substances and, to facilitate this in rodents, animals are normally physically restrained. As part of the study, researchers from Bristols School of Physiology and Pharmacology found that the physical restraint of the animal is the main cause of stress.. In this paper, the team demonstrate a new handling technique used on rats which avoids the use of physical restraint. The study then compared the physiological, behavioural and emotional impacts of restrained versus non-restrained injection procedures in the rodents to assess their stress levels. They found that the new handling method resulted in the rodents being in a more positive affective state, lowering their stress hormone levels by around 50 per cent.. The results have important implications for scientific research as well as animal welfare as we know that the release of stress hormones can alter an animals physiological, neurochemical and ...
This page provides relevant content and local businesses that can help with your search for information on Horse Twitches. You will find informative articles about Horse Twitches, including Safe Twitching. Below you will also find local businesses that may provide the products or services you are looking for. Please scroll down to find the local resources in Nazareth, PA that can help answer your questions about Horse Twitches.
Schizophrenia is thought to arise due to a complex interaction between genetic and environmental factors during early neurodevelopment. We have recently shown that partial genetic deletion of the schizophrenia susceptibility gene neuregulin 1 (Nrg1) and adolescent stress interact to disturb sensorimotor gating, neuroendocrine activity and dendritic morphology in mice. Both stress and Nrg1 may have converging effects upon N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDARs) which are implicated in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia, sensorimotor gating and dendritic spine plasticity. Using an identical repeated restraint stress paradigm to our previous study, here we determined NMDAR binding across various brain regions in adolescent Nrg1 heterozygous (HET) and wild-type (WT) mice using [3H] MK-801 autoradiography. Repeated restraint stress increased NMDAR binding in the ventral part of the lateral septum (LSV) and the dentate gyrus (DG) of the hippocampus irrespective of genotype. Partial genetic deletion of Nrg1
- Protects and strengthens the intestinal mucosa - Stimulates the immune system, reducing the risk of diseases - Improves digestion - Optimizes the absorption of nutrients - It has an anti-stress effect, especially in situations such as transport, exp
|jats:title|Abstract|/jats:title| |jats:p|Mitochondrial dysfunction was highlighted as a crucial vulnerability factor for the development of depression. However, systemic studies assessing stress-induced changes in mitochondria-associated genes in brain regions relevant to depression symptomatology remain scarce. Here, we performed a genome-wide transcriptomic study to examine mitochondrial gene expression in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) and nucleus accumbens (NAc) of mice exposed to multimodal chronic restraint stress. We identified mitochondria-associated gene pathways as most prominently affected in the PFC and with lesser significance in the NAc. A more detailed mitochondrial gene expression analysis revealed that in particular mitochondrial DNA-encoded subunits of the oxidative phosphorylation complexes were altered in the PFC. The comparison of our data with a reanalyzed transcriptome data set of chronic variable stress mice and major depression disorder subjects showed that the
6601 Findings and purposes.. The General Assembly hereby finds that restraining a pregnant woman can pose undue health risks to the woman and her unborn fetus. Freedom from physical restraints is especially critical during labor, delivery, and postpartum recovery after delivery. Women often need to move around during labor and recovery, including moving their legs as part of the birthing process. Restraints on a pregnant woman can interfere with the medical staffs ability to appropriately assist in childbirth or to conduct sudden emergency procedures. Shackling is unnecessary and dangerous to a womans well-being.. 78 Del. Laws, c. 330, § 1; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1.; § 6602 Definitions.. As used in this chapter:. (1) Correctional institution means any entity under the authority of any state, county, or municipal law-enforcement division that has the power to detain and/or restrain a person under the laws of the State.. (2) Corrections official means the official responsible for ...
B) Each use of a restraint or seclusion and justification for it, including a reasonably specific description of the actions by the patient that warranted restraint or seclusion, must be entered into the clinical record of the patient. These authorizations are not valid for more than twenty-four hours during which the patients condition must be charted at fifteen-minute intervals. If the orders are extended beyond the twenty-four hours, the extension must have written authorization and justification by the attending physician and then only after he has interviewed and evaluated the patient on an individual basis. Within twenty-four hours a copy of the authorization and justification must be forwarded to the facility supervisor for review. Patients under mechanical restraint must have the restraints removed at least every two hours for motion and exercise. Mechanical restraint must be employed to lessen the possibility of physical injury and to ensure the least possible discomfort. In an ...
5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC) is enriched in brain and has been recognized as an important DNA modification. However, the roles of 5hmC and its writers, ten-eleven translocation (Tet) proteins, in stress-induced response have yet to be elucidated. Here, we show that chronic restraint stress (CRS) induced depression-like behavior in mice and resulted in a 5hmC reduction in prefrontal cortex (PFC). We found that loss of Tet1 (Tet1 KO) led to resistance to CRS, whereas loss of Tet2 (Tet2 KO) increased the susceptibility of mice to CRS. Genome-wide 5hmC profiling identified the phenotype-associated stress-induced dynamically hydroxymethylated loci (PA-SI-DhMLs), which are strongly enriched with hypoxia-induced factor (HIF) binding motifs. We demonstrated the physical interaction between TET1 and HIF1α induced by CRS and revealed that the increased HIF1α binding under CRS is associated with SI-DhMLs. These results suggest that TET1 could regulate stress-induced response by interacting with HIF1α. ...
Several hypotheses link high fat diet (HFD) with the pathophysiology of depression and its response to antidepressants. This study aimed to determine the effect of metformin (MET) on the cognitive and antidepressant activity of fluoxetine (FLU) through its effect on c-Jun expression. Behavioral, cognitive function, biochemical, and histopathological studies were performed in non-HFD- and HFD-fed rats exposed to chronic restraint stress (CRS). Stressed group showed cognitive impairment, depressive-like symptoms, disturbed glucose homeostasis and lipid profile, reduced adiponectin level, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) expression, and increased corticosterone and c-Jun ...
The results indicate that CI therapy is a powerful treatment for improving the rehabilitation of movement of the affected upper extremity in chronic stroke patients. The mean effect size for the 2 MAL measures was 2.15, while the mean effect size for the 3 WMFT measures was 1.02. In the meta-analysis literature, effect sizes of 0.2 are considered small, effect sizes of 0.4 to 0.6 are deemed moderate, and effect sizes of ≥0.8 are judged to be large.23 Thus, the magnitude of the effect sizes here must be considered extremely large by the standards of the field. For example, the mean MAL-AOU scores went from 1.7 at first contact to 3.7 at post-4. A score of 1.7 lies between very rarely (a score of 1 indicates virtually not used) and rarely (2, used the affected extremity), while a score of 3.7 is two thirds to three quarters of the way to nearly normal AOU. These are group values; 6 of the 15 subjects scored above 4 (nearly normal AOU) at post-4. These data replicate in almost all ...
In 2018, Therapy Services, Cleveland offered two camps for children based on the Constraint Induced Movement Therapy (CIMT) protocol. Both groups followed the CIMT protocol for one week followed by two weeks of the Hand Arm Bimanual Intensive Therapy (HABIT) protocol. Children in the CIMT/HABIT group participated for 3 hours a day, 5 days a week for 3 weeks, totaling 45 treatment hours. Children in this group wore casts on their affected side for one week to promote increased use of their affected side; the cast was removed after the first week and was followed by 2 weeks of bimanual and ADL training. Children participating in these groups included those with cerebral palsy and pediatric stroke who had previously received individual CIMT treatment. A total of seven children were involved in the CIMT/HABIT groups in 2018. In 2018 pre and post measures were completed for all children, which included the box and blocks test, grip strength, active range of motion for shoulder flexion, and quadruped ...
Authors: Koyama, Tetsuo , Sano, Kyoko , Tanaka, Shotaro , Hatanaka, Teruaki , Domen, Kazuhisa Article Type: Research Article Abstract: Objective: Examination of effectiveness of different sites of constraint-induced movement therapy (CI therapy) for upper-extremity impairment of patients after stroke. Subjects: Patients exhibiting moderate to slight upper-extremity impairment after stroke. Methods: The patients received a modified version of CI therapy for a cumulative total of 5 h daily for 10 days. Using Fugl-Meyer scores, shoulder/elbow/forearm, wrist and hand functions were separately assessed before and after treatment. To assess the site-specific effects of CI therapy, before and after scores were statistically compared at each site using Wilcoxon signed-rank tests. Relative effects were evaluated by paired comparison of …the results at each site with, in turn, the results at every other site. Instances of single-score increments were, using standard chi-square tests, statistically ...
Constraint-induced movement therapy (CI therapy) is a highly efficacious treatment for residual motor disability in chronic stroke. Its effectiveness is believed to be due, at least in part, to the therapys ability to aid the brain in rewiring itself. For example, CI therapy produces increases in the amount of grey matter (the parts of the brain where neuron cell bodies are most closely clustered) in certain areas of the human brain (Gauthier et al., 2008). The cellular and molecular mechanisms that are responsible for this increase in grey matter volume are not known, however. Thus, it is unclear how the therapy helps brains rewire themselves. This study aims to better understand the timecourse and cellular/molecular nature of brain changes during CI therapy. Because there is currently no way to directly measure cellular/molecular changes in the brain noninvasively, this study will infer what is happening on a microstructural level using new MRI techniques (three dimensional pictures of ...
Autism Independent UK.requires Information Re Physical Restraint v Seclusion, (Seclusion without restraint) Information of abuse of systems, death, injury, trauma, personal/family accounts, etc within the UK. Many other countries are adopting the seclusion methed (secluded until the person has calmed down, monitored and recorded(secluded as in placed in safe area))as being the least restrictive as set out in the human rights charter. We feel this barbaric restraint system from the dark ages of two or three or more people restraining a person with moderate to profound Autism be stopped, and that monitered seclusion (video, frame,audio and date stamped) be introduced without delay. It could be your child in the future. See: ...
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While criticisms of Chief Justice Roberts from the right wing of the legal blogosphere has generally been strong, some have argued that Robertss decision might be defended as an exercise of judicial restraint. See, e.g. Orin Kerr, Joel Alicea, and Greg Weiner.. Of course, that Roberts followed a type of judicial restraint in Sebelius does not make him a principled follower of judicial restraint. If Roberts follows judicial restraint when it allows him to reach a result that protects his reputation, but does not follow such restraint in other cases, then one can hardly defend his decision in Sibelius as a principled exercise of such restraint.. The way to explore whether Robertss opinion was principled is to examine the other cases that Roberts has decided. I am not ready to engage in any comprehensive examination, but we can gain some insight by simply exploring some of the other cases where Roberts joined the liberals this past June. For my discussion of these cases, see here.. Judicial ...
Foreign Ministry spokesman Geng Shuang said the U.S. move will trigger a new round of arms race and the escalation of military tensions, and in turn have severe negative impacts on international and regional security situations. BEIJING, Aug. 20 (Xinhua) -- China on Tuesday urged the United States to exercise restraint on armament development and…
Breathing Impairment. Extended or repeated TASER device exposures should be avoided where practical. Although existing studies on conscious human volunteers indicate subjects continue to breathe during extended TASER device applications, it is conceivable that the muscle contractions may impair a subjects ability to breathe. Accordingly, it is advisable to use expedient physical restraint in conjunction with the TASER device to minimize the overall duration of stress, exertion, and potential breathing impairment particularly on individuals exhibiting symptoms of excited delirium and/or exhaustion. However, it should be noted that certain subjects in a state of excited delirium may exhibit superhuman strength and despite efforts for expedient restraint, these subjects sometimes cannot be restrained without a significant and profound struggle ...
The concept of freedom is a common topic of passionate debate in many circles. It is explicitly written in Federal and State law, and often seeps into individual family politics. There is one specific kind of agency that, it seems to me, is akin to our common interpretation of freedom, and it perhaps holds an even stronger relevance to debates of human rights regarding personal expression. Autonomy is the ability to act freely without the presence of (unjustified) moral coercive entities (EXAMPLES necessary here). Community recognition is a necessary element to legitimize ones expression. While the concept of freedom requires the ability to act without physical restraint, autonomy demands the ability to act without coercive moral influences. So while an obstruction of freedom is physical, an obstruction of autonomy is a social restraint of ones most basic internal thoughts or external expressions on a moral level. In a specific instance when we might legally have the freedom to express ...
Objective: Chronic stress is closely related to immune dysfunction. Immune parameters have been analyzed in many ways in humans and animals under chronic stress. Recently, it has been proved that FoxP3+ regulatory T cells (Tregs) play a key role in immune regulation in vivo. However, it has not yet been elucidated how Tregs respond to chronic stress in vivo. Therefore, in the present study, we investigated the frequency of and functional changes in Tregs from mice under chronic stress. Methods: Spleen cells were separated from C57/BL6 mice that had been exposed to immobilization stress for 3 weeks. The frequencies of FoxP3+ and CD4+ CD25+ cells were analyzed by flow cytometry. CD4+CD25- cells (effector T cells, Teffs), CD4+CD25+ cells (Tregs) and CD4- cells (antigen-presenting cells, APCs) were separated for the functional assessment of the proliferative activity of Teffs, the suppressive activity of Tregs and the feeder activity of APCs. Results: The results showed that chronic immobilization ...
Based upon each childs individualized education program (IEP) a variety of approaches are utilized to provide the student with the opportunity to benefit from his or her education. Behavior management strategies such as but not limited to use of the point system with rewards for appropriate behavior and loss of privileges for inappropriate behavior, individual and group counseling, social work services, other related services, and individualized academics all combine to meet the BLC goal of returning the student to their regular class setting and building as soon as possible. Should a students behavior present a threat to the safety of others, self, or the environment, the student may be removed to a quiet room to allow for a safe period in which he/she can regain self-control. Depending upon the aggressiveness of the student this may require physical restraint. Therefore all teachers, assistants, and support personnel are trained in safe methods for restraining a physically aggressive student. ...
Alzheimers Disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia, the fourth leading cause of death, and has enormous economic and emotional costs for caregivers of patients. Most of the patients with AD develop disruptive, agitated behaviors at some point during the ailment that are a common catalyst for placement in long-term care settings where they represent more than half of all the residents. Disruptive behaviors create stress for both staff and patients in long-term care settings, reduce patient quality of life because of excess use of physical restraints, and drain the financial resources of the facilities. This study proposes to design specific interventions designed to decrease disruptive, agitated behavior in patients with AD residing in long-term care facilities. This 12-week study will assess the efficacy of two pharmacological agents, an atypical neuroleptic (risperidone) and an anticonvulsant and mood stabilizer (gabapentin) while identifying moderators of differential treatment ...
The second edition of Chemical and Physical Restraint of Wild Animals- a Training and Field Manual for African Species has recently been released. The book supports the Zimbabwe Vet Association. The cost for professionals is GBP60 (75Euro) per manual, students GBP50 (60Euro) plus postage. Please see the attached book cover for more information. If you are interested in ordering a copy or have questions about the manual, please email Richard Kock (for shipping to U.S. and European region) at [email protected] or [email protected] (for shipping to other regions).. ...
Root studies the headboard-- or lack thereof. Definitely nothing to attach the cuffs to. Not that theres any need for it, really. Sameen likes fighting against herself as much as she likes fighting against a physical restraint. Theyre the ones who like the visible reminder, the proof that Sameen trusts them. Root has... other reasons that she knows The Machine doesnt share, vague notions of satisfaction and control that buzz far back in that murky part of her brain that separates the acceptable from the unacceptable parts of her mind. You can never 100% guarantee that someone will do as they promise or act in a predictable manner. Its a flaw, and no matter how deeply Root feels for Sameen it remains a mathematical fact that shes more likely to stay put if theres something physical holding her there. Its not her fault. Its just how humanity is. Root herself is proof of it ...
Some Illinois schools say they need to keep using dangerous forms of physical restraint and student isolation. Heres how one school system in Virginia successfully shifted its entire approach to safety - from face-down holds to bubble baths.
Two Dallas police officers have been indicted by a grand jury following the death last year of a man they had arrested and subjected to physical restraint
Although there are no specific national protocols for restraint and seclusion technique, there are a number of common threads among acceptable procedures. First, the techniques practiced within a particular facility should be rehearsed and approved by the staff, including the relevant chief of service. If a particular technique and modality, such as four-point leather restraints, is viewed as usual practice, that should be specifically noted in the facility policy manual. Details of the technique should be disseminated to members of the clinical and direct care staff as part of service training. Written instructions, photographs, and videotapes are desirable.. Even patients at low risk of suicide should always be searched before being placed in seclusion. Agitated or violent patients may become self-destructive or self-mutilating when isolated.. Any need for seclusion or restraint should be part of the patients treatment plan. With regard to the treatment plan, however, one should recognize ...
restraint englannista suomeksi - (englanti ....Esimerkit. Make sure all the restraints are tight. Try to exercise restraint when talking to your boss. City will feel nonplussed when they review the tape and ...--MAPA - Wikipedia.MAPA eli Management of Actual or Potential Aggression on Keelen yliopistossa ja Cheddletonin St Edwardsin sairaalassa sekä Birminghamin Reaside-klinikalla kehitetty ...--Piirteitä mielisairaanhoidon historista.Otteita Lyyli Kinnusen kirjasta Mielisairaanhoito vuodelta 1950. Ihmisten käsitys mielisairaudesta liittyi muinaisina aikoina läheisesti heidän uskonnollisiin ...--Niuvanniemen sairaala.Psykiatrista hoitoa vuodesta 1885. Yhteystiedot. Niuvanniemen sairaala 70240 KUOPIO (017) 203 111.--Unisex seksikauppa verkossa - Pariskuntaystävälliset ....Unisex Lovestore - Monipuoliset parikuntaystävälliset kotimaiset seksiliikkeet Tampereella ja Vaasassa. 24h palveleva seksikauppa verkossa. Tervetuloa!--asylum englannista suomeksi - ...
In todays journal club, Meghana Rao (2nd year PhD scholar) reviewed article from Autonomic Neuroscience entitled Paraventricular nucleus modulates autonomic and neuroendocrine responses to acute restraint stress in rats by Cristiane Busnardo et al ...
Moreira, J. D., Pernomian, L., Gomes, M. S., Moreira, R. P., Prado, A. F. do, Silva, C. H. T. de P. da, & Oliveira, A. M. de. (2016). Enhanced nitric oxide generation from nitric oxide synthases as the cause of increased peroxynitrite formation during acute restraint stress: Effects on carotid responsiveness to angiotensinergic stimuli in type-1 diabetic rats. European Journal of Pharmacology, 783, 11-22. doi:10.1016/j.ejphar.2016.04. ...
In this study, hematopoietic cells from mice pretreated with CVE and exposed to acute cold/restraint stress were stimulated in the presence of growth factors to form colonies, thus providing accurate information about the modulation of the green algae of the stress-induced changes in the hematopoietic response. Our results demonstrated that exposure to acute stress affected hematopoiesis. Mice exposed for a 2.5-hour time period of cold and restraint presented diminished clonal capacity for CFU-GM content per femur, which was decreased by as much as 50% compared with that in control mice, in spite of the significant increase in serum colony-stimulating activity (CSA). Treatment with 50 mg/kg CVE for 5 days, previously to the stress regimen, attenuates the effects of the stress, since comparable levels of myeloid progenitors were found in the bone marrow of both CVE/stress and control mice. Moreover, the sera from stressed mice pretreated with CVE further increased the CFU-GM formation. On the ...
Step 2 Education offers an online staff education program to Hospitals and Health Groups requiring Baby-friendly accreditation or reaccreditation.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Anxiety-like behaviour and associated neurochemical and endocrinological alterations in male pups exposed to prenatal stress. AU - Laloux, Charlotte. AU - Mairesse, Jérôme. AU - Van Camp, Gilles. AU - Giovine, Angela. AU - Branchi, Igor. AU - Bouret, Sebastien. AU - Morley-Fletcher, Sara. AU - Bergonzelli, Gabriela. AU - Malagodi, Marithé. AU - Gradini, Roberto. AU - Nicoletti, Ferdinando. AU - Darnaudéry, Muriel. AU - Maccari, Stefania. PY - 2012/10. Y1 - 2012/10. N2 - Epidemiological studies suggest that emotional liability in infancy could be a predictor of anxiety-related disorders in the adulthood. Rats exposed to prenatal restraint stress ( PRS rats ) represent a valuable model for the study of the interplay between environmental triggers and neurodevelopment in the pathogenesis of anxious/depressive like behaviours. Repeated episodes of restraint stress were delivered to female Sprague-Dawley rats during pregnancy and male offspring were studied. Ultrasonic ...
The MAL is subject to experimenter bias and also the patients ability to accurately recall upper limb use (Page & Levine, 2003; Uswatte & Taub, 2005).. Ashford et al. (2008) noted an inadequate relationship between overall/item scores and the qualitative meaning, and an unclear Minimal clinically important difference.. Taub & Uswatte (2000) discuss the use of the MAL as an outcome measure in Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy (CIMT) research and recommend an upper cut-off score of 2.5 on the MAL-AOU, as the effect of stroke can impose an upper physiological limit on the amount of improvement that can be produced. The authors also note that individuals who score , 2.5 do not demonstrate learned non-use, which is the aim of CIMT.. Time: ...
Repeated exposure to stressful situations has been shown to increase individual reactivity to addictive drugs. However, the biological factors involved in such stress-induced changes are largely unknown. In this study, we investigated the role of corticosterone in the effects of restraint Stress on the response to psychostimulants and opioids. The effects of repeated restraint stress on amphetamine- and morphine-induced locomotor activity were compared in: (i) animals with an intact hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis; (ii) animals in which stress-induced corticosterone secretion was blocked by adrenalectomy, but who received exogenous corticosterone from a subcutaneous implant. The implanted pellets (50 mg) slowly release corticosterone producing a stable plasma level within the normal physiological range over a period of 20 days. Restraint stress increased the locomotor response to both amphetamine (1.5 mg/kg i.p.) and morphine (2 mg/kg s.c.) in animals with an intact HPA axis, but not in ...
Previous studies have demonstrated that repeated restraint stress in rodents produces increases in depression and anxietylike behaviors and alters the expression of corticotrophinreleasing factor (CRF) in the hypothalamus. The current study focused on the impact of Bupleurum falcatum (BF) extract ad …
While they have necessary uses in medicine, they may be used inappropriately within nursing home settings. For example, when used for personal convenience rather than patient well-being, the use of physical or chemical restraints is unacceptable.. Physical restraints such as vests, belts and other restrictive devices decrease the mobility of the resident on whom they are affixed. Chemical restraints are medications such as sedatives or anti-anxiety drugs that are used to reduce a patients mobility.. Under federal law, the use of these restraints is regulated to cases in which their necessity is documented within the file, among other factors. Chemical restraints must be used with written physicians orders. They may have serious or life threatening side-effects.. Some examples of chemical restraints are benzodiazepines (e.g., lorazepam, midazolam). Other examples of chemical restraints are antipsychotic medications (e.g., haloperidol, droperidol, olanzapine, risperidone).. If your loved ones ...
Replica of a leather restraint harness. The original, probably from the late 19th or early 20th century, was found around 1930 in a chest in the cellar at Hanwell Asylum, the asylum on the outskirts of London whose superintendant, John Conolly (1794-1866), famously renounced all instruments of mechanical restraint in favor of moral treatment, that is, regular labour under constant close surveillance. The original of this leather restraint harness was found in a chest at the Hanwell Asylum in Middlesex in 1930. Hanwell Asylum is now West London Mental Health NHS Trust at St Bernards Hospital. Such garments restricted the movements of patients considered violent. They were universally used until the end of the 1700s. More humane methods of management were gradually introduced after this time. Hanwell Asylums superintendent was John Conolly (1794-1866). He famously renounced instruments of mechanical restraint in favour of moral treatment. Moral treatment was regular labour under constant ...
The present series of experiments provides novel evidence for reduced responding to psychogenic stressors by an acute physical challenge (hypernatremia). Rats rendered mildly hypernatremic had decreased HPA activation in response to physical restraint, a model of psychogenic stress. Comparably treated rats had elevated MAP, and this was associated with a blunted restraint-induced increase in MAP and faster post-restraint recovery. Hypernatremia also eliminated the restraint-induced increase of PRA, but elevated circulating OT and decreased anxiety-like behavior in a social situation. In sum, acute hypernatremia potently and simultaneously inhibited the HPA, cardiovascular, and behavioral limbs of the stress response.. Whether these stress-dampening effects are specific to hypernatremia or generalize to other challenges warrants some discussion. In this regard, another homeostatic challenge, caloric restriction, elevated basal and restraint-induced CORT, but attenuated the cardiovascular response ...
Solitary Confinement for Kids. The use of physical restraints, locked seclusion rooms, and solitary confinement for children is rampant throughout the nations public schools. In a comprehensive 2014 analysis by NPR and ProPublica, analysts found that restraint and seclusion were used at least 267,000 times nationwide in the 2011-2012 school year. Schools put children in seclusion rooms approximately 104,000 times in that one year.. ProPublica reports that the restraint and seclusion practices included pinning uncooperative children facedown on the floor, locking them in dark closets and tying them up with straps, handcuffs, bungee cords or even duct tape.. Many school officials contend that using restraints and locked seclusion for children are sometimes necessary when children are out of control in the school building and need to calm down. But a 2014 U.S. Senate report on these practices argues that these extreme tactics are unnecessary and damaging to children.. The report ...
While it can sometimes take weeks for the effects of antidepressant treatments to appear, intravenous ketamine can produce antidepressant effects in as little as two hours. However, ketamines effects fade after three to five days. New animal research by Chi-Tso Chiu et al. explores whether adding lithium to ketamine treatment can produce more sustained antidepressant effects.. Mice who are restrained by being placed in a tube for several hours (chronic restraint stress) exhibit a behavioral and neurochemical profile that resembles human depression. When Chiu and colleagues pretreated these stressed mice with sub-therapeutic doses of lithium (600 mg/L) in their drinking water for several weeks, a sub-therapeutic dose of ketamine (2.5 mg/kg of body weight) was enough to produce robust antidepressant effects in the mice, while neither drug alone was effective at these doses.. The combination of ketamine and lithium also restored the density of spines on the dendrites of neurons in the medial ...
0003] In one aspect, a cervical restraint, traction, and exercise device includes one or more pads shaped and positioned to engage a head of a person, an adjustable support system to which the one or more pads are mounted, and a restraint system for restraining the head. When the restraint system is disengaged, the head is positionable in any number of three-dimensional orientations in relation to the one or more pads, and when the restraint system is engaged, the head is restrained in a particular three-dimensional orientation against the pads. The adjustable support system is movable to apply spinal traction between the head and a torso of the person. In some embodiments, the restraint system is a first restraint system, and the device further includes a second restraint system shaped and positioned to receive and restrain the torso of the person. In some embodiments, the device has a front, a back, a top, a bottom, and left and right sides, and the adjustable support system can be adjusted in ...
The feasibility of predicting the global fold of small proteins by incorporating predicted secondary and tertiary restraints into ab initio folding simulations has been demonstrated on a test set comprised of 20 non-homologous proteins, of which one was a blind prediction of target 42 in the recent CASP2 contest. These proteins contain from 37 to 100 residues and represent all secondary structural classes and a representative variety of global topologies. Secondary structure restraints are provided by the PHD secondary structure prediction algorithm that incorporates multiple sequence information. Predicted tertiary restraints are derived from multiple sequence alignments via a two-step process. First, seed side-chain contacts are identified from correlated mutation analysis, and then a threading-based algorithm is used to expand the number of these seed contacts. A lattice-based reduced protein model and a folding algorithm designed to incorporate these predicted restraints is described. ...
The adrenal cortex has a molecular clock that generates circadian rhythms in glucocorticoid production, yet it is unclear how the clock responds to acute stress. We hypothesized that stress-induced ACTH provides a signal that phase shifts the adrenal clock. To assess whether acute stress phase shifts the adrenal clock in vivo in a phase-dependent manner, mPER2::LUC mice on a 12:12h light:dark cycle underwent restraint stress for 15 min or no stress at zeitgeber time (ZT) 2 (early subjective day) or at ZT16 (early subjective night). Adrenal explants from mice stressed at ZT2 showed mPER2::LUC rhythms that were phase-advanced by ~2h, whereas adrenals from mice stressed at ZT16 showed rhythms that were phase-delayed by ~2h. The biphasic response also was observed in mice injected subcutaneously either with saline or with ACTH at ZT2 or ZT16. Blockade of the ACTH response with the glucocorticoid, dexamethasone, prevented restraint stress-induced phase shifts in the mPER2::LUC rhythm both at ZT2 and at ZT16.
Maryland lawmakers are weighing a decision to withhold $1 million from the states juvenile justice budget as they await answers from the department about the routine use of strip searches and shackles on youths in state custody.. The move is in response to proposed legislation that would prohibit the Department of Juvenile Services (DJS) from putting youths under the age of 18 in leg shackles, or other physical restraints, and performing strip-searches. It also prohibits using restraints on pregnant teens, with very few exceptions.. We applaud lawmakers for addressing this troubling and difficult issue head-on. The practice of shackling juveniles indiscriminately, or subjecting... ...
Today, the Long Beach Police Department issued a special order suspending the use of the carotid restraint outlined in our use of force policy.. The Police Department already prohibits the use of choke holds, which restrict air flow, as a neck restraint to overcome resistance under any circumstances and has never allowed neck restraint using knees, legs or feet. Effective immediately, the Department is updating its use of force policy language to expressly prohibit all types of choke holds and is also immediately suspending the use of the carotid restraint, which restricts blood flow, as an authorized restraint hold. As part of this policy update, the department will gather, review, and evaluate regional data and science associated with the use of the carotid restraint as a control technique.. I want to thank Chief Robert Luna and the departments leadership for taking this important step and the community members who are engaging with us on these reforms.. The Police Department will ...
Classification Shoulder Elbow Wrist Fingers Thumb Grade 2 (mild to moderate limitation) MAL < 2.5 for AS and HW scale Flexion and abduction ≥ 45° Extension ≥ 20° from a 90° flexed starting position Extension ≥ 20° from a flexed starting position Extension of all MCP and IP (either PIP or DIP) joints ≥ 10° from a flexed starting position; may be assessed by attempting…
Bower F L, McCullough C S and Timmons M E (2003) A synthesis of what we know about the use of physical restraints and seclusion with patients in psychiatric and acute care settings: 2003 update, The Online Journal of Knowledge Synthesis for Nursing, Vol. 10, Document No. ...
grep restraints to C2-endo pucker_restraints.Gelly # resnam=U chsnam=A resnum=22 -ve torsion, restraints to C2-endo # resnam=U chsnam=A resnum=34 -ve torsion, restraints to C2-endo # resnam=A chsnam=A resnum=35 -ve torsion, restraints to C2-endo # resnam=U chsnam=A resnum=36 -ve torsion, restraints to C2-endo # resnam=U chsnam=A resnum=47 -ve torsion, restraints to C2-endo # resnam=U chsnam=A resnum=48 -ve torsion, restraints to C2-endo # resnam=U chsnam=A resnum=49 -ve torsion, restraints to C2-endo # resnam=G chsnam=A resnum=62 -ve torsion, restraints to C2-endo # resnam=U chsnam=A resnum=63 -ve torsion, restraints to C2-endo # resnam=A chsnam=A resnum=65 -ve torsion, restraints to C2-endo ...
We used differential counts of white blood cells to determine heterophildymphocyte ratios in the Maui Creeper (Paroreomyza Montana), air endemic, non-endangered Hawaiian honeycreeper, as a measure of stress in response to varying distance and handling technique during translocations. The Maui Creeper was used as an in stru experimental model for the Poouli (Melamprosops phaeosoma), an endangered species For whom translocation is critical for its recovery. We translocated 18 Maui Creepers across rugged retrain by hand-carrying individual birds For two distances (1.0 or 2.5 km) inside portable containers. We tested two methods of confinement that varied in the degree of physical restraint during translocation. Birds translocated across longer distances developed significantly higher heterophildymphocyte ratios than those moved shorter distances. However, no significant difference was seen between container types. Our findings build oil a Previous study of stress response in passerines, and ...
Aim: To compare the cost effectiveness of two approaches to providing community residential supports to people with ID and CB: non-congregate settings where the minority of residents have CB and congregate settings where the majority of residents have CB. Method: Longitudinal matched groups design. N = 25 per group. Data collect at two points in time separated by 12 months. Main outcome measures: costs of service provision, nature of support provided, quality of life of residents (including choice, activities, social networks, risks and community involvement), views of families, views of neighbours, and staff stress and morale. Results: Congregate care was associated with higher costs, higher staffing ratios, and better quality internal working practices. However, these inputs did not translate to better outcomes for residents. Non-congregate care was associated with greater access to day activities, less reliance on medication and physical restraint to control CB, and less risk. Levels of staff ...
The Nurses usually use physical restraints for maintaining patients therapies and devices in a critical ill setting like ICU, like central lines, endotracheal tubes and the arterial lines. It has been found that about up to 78% among the critical ill patients who have been admitted into various types of ICUs and may have a need for applying a physical self-possession due to the alterations found among their levels of the awareness while during their stay at ICU ward. The nurses attitude, knowledge and their practice for physical self-control played a vital role for nursing care which has to be provided for restrained patients to prevent form complications in ICU. We have conducted our research to assess nurses attitudes, knowledge and practice regarding their physical self-control among the most critically ill patients in ICU. We have used a descriptive type of design for our study. The number of nurses used for our study was 66 in total who are working at Lahore School of Nursing, The ...
For the study, researchers exposed pregnant rats to vinclozolin, a common fungicide used in fruits and vegetables and which is known to disrupt hormones and have effects across generations of animals.. The amount of chemical exposure was higher than what you would expect in the environment, but there is not a whole lot known about environmental levels of this particular compound, said co-author Michael Skinner at Washington State University.. Skinner added that the purpose of the study was not to assess risk for humans to but to examine potential phenomena caused by exposure.. He and colleagues tested the third generation of male rats and their reactions to a stressful situation of physical restraint during adolescence, comparing those that had elders with chemical exposure and those that did not.. The rats with the family history of fungicide exposure weighed more and had higher testosterone levels than the others.. They were also more anxious, more sensitive to stress, and showed greater ...
Consent for care is a foundational principle for healthcare professionals.1 Despite this, burgeoning research has shown that cognitively impaired older adults living and receiving care at home are at risk for involuntary treatment, or care without their consent. This includes things such as physical restraints, psychotropic medication andnon-consensual care … ...
The officers appear to become concerned after he stops moving, falls silent and they notice water coming out of Prudes mouth. The officers then remove the hood and his handcuffs and medics can then be seen performing CPR before hes loaded into an ambulance. A medical examiner concluded that Prudes death was a homicide caused by complications of asphyxia in the setting of physical restraint. The report lists excited delirium and acute intoxication by phencyclidine, or PCP, as contributing factors. Prude was from Chicago and had just arrived in Rochester for a visit with his brother. He was kicked off the train before it got to Rochester, in Depew, due to his unruly behavior, according to an internal affairs investigators report.. Rochester police officers took Prude into custody for a mental health evaluation around 7 p.m. on March 22 for suicidal thoughts - about eight hours before the encounter that led to his death. But his brother said he was only at the hospital for a few hours, ...
note teaching plan and schedule necessary for health promotion, fa davis, philadelphia, 2002. Louis, 1991. r at i o n a l e s 1. Murray, rb, and zentner, jp: Nursing assessment and appropriate pain control in play or exercise together, or engage in physical restraints: Ensure that therapeutic touch on practitioners and support for the nadh excess associated with electrolyte abnormalities that persist beyond 7-3 hours or more in the same as those of myocardial depolarization initiated from a chinese herbal medicine by the use of umazenil. Antidepressants are the mainstay for treatment or may not be done by physician immediately if you are worried about your childs symptoms may follow an intestinal infection. It may be prolonged. The gi tract, including atrophy of the system requests here with the scandinavian method, abandoned the use of [number] of positive end- table 19-6. Inc, 331 2005 by the mcgraw-hillpanies. 29 provides consistency and encourages self-care. Erythropoietin erythropoietin is ...
Persecution Suffered: Electric shock, forced labor, illegal sentencing, forced injections/drug administration, beatings, imprisonment, torture, force-feedings, physical restraint, mental hospital, home ransacked, interrogation, detention. ( Ms. Zhu Weiyings son went to the Suzhou City No. 3 Womens Prison to visit her in April 2013, and found that his mothers condition was very bad as a result of torture. She was unable to raise her head, see clearly, or walk. The prison warden said, She has long met all the criteria to be released on medical parole, but we wont release her because she still refuses to renounce Falun Gong. Ms. Zhu Weiying, the former vice general manager of the Meishan Hotel in Anhui Province, was a successful career woman living in Hefei City. Despite the severity of the regimes persecution, Ms. Zhu remained steadfast and kept practicing Falun Gong. During the past 14 years, the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) has never stopped persecuting her. She has been ...
Finally, the courts statement that an innocent man on trial for murder is more dangerous than a guilty one goes to the very heart of our concern with respect to the procedure used in determining whether the defendant in this case was required to wear a stun belt. The presumption of innocence must be maintained against all attempts to erode it, and courts must ensure that it is not undermined by a desire for convenience or the demands of bureaucratic policies. The presumption of innocence requires that a trial not only be fair, but that it also appears to be fair. The appearance of fairness requires that physical restraints, whether visible or not, be used only where there is an essential state interest. Nothing in the record before us indicates that there was any essential state interest considered in the context of this defendant ...
In all surgeries with the patient standing under chemical and physical restraint, patient compliance is of the utmost importance. All fractures of the third metacarpal or metatarsal condyles and sagittal fracture of the first phalanx are not amenable to internal fixation with the horse standing, and young unhandled horses may not have a suitable disposition for standing surgical treatment of septic pedal osteitis, or implantation and removal of transphyseal screws. Previous operator experience in performing the procedure or technique under general anesthesia is beneficial. ...
In one of the histories (X) contained in Appendix B at the end of. the present volume a lady describes how, as a child, she reveled in the idea of being chained and tortured, these ideas appearing to rise spontaneously. In another case, that of A.N. (for the most part reproduced in Erotic Symbolism, in vol. v of these _Studies_), whose ideals are inverted and who is also affected by boot-fetichism, the idea of fetters is very attractive. In this case self-excitement was produced at a very early age, without the use of the hands, by strapping the legs together. We can, however, scarcely explain away the idea of fetters in this case as merely the result of an early association, for it may well be argued that the idea led to this method of self-excitement. The mere idea of fetters, this subject writes, produces the greatest excitement, and the sight of pictures representing such things is a temptation. The reading of books dealing with prison life, etc., anywhere where physical restraint is ...
University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham AL 35294. A new discovery in physical rehabilitation is discussed in an article entitled Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy: A new family of techniques with broad application to physical rehabilitation--A clinical review, which appears in this issue of the Journal. Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy (CI Therapy) techniques induce patients with cerebrovascular accident (CVA) and other types of injury to practice using an affected limb on an intensive or massed practice basis for consecutive weeks. The signature intervention for persons with CVA involves training use of the more-impaired arm in the clinic for at least 6 hours per day for from 10 to 15 consecutive weekdays and constraining use of the less-impaired arm both in the clinic and at home for the 2-3 week treatment period. Its most salient aspect is the demonstration in controlled studies that the treatment effect transfers to the real world where it substantially increases the actual ...
Restraint is potentially harmful to the expectant mother and fetus, especially in the third trimester as well as during labor and delivery. Restraint of pregnant inmates during labor and delivery should not be used. The application of restraints during all other pre-and postpartum periods should be restricted as much as possible and, when used, done so with consultation from medical staff and in the least restrictive means possible. Custody staff should be available and required to remove restraints upon request of medical personnel. To maintain privacy, custody staff should be positioned outside the patients room. For the most successful outcome of a pregnancy, cooperation among custody staff, medical staff, and the patient is required. To maximize cooperation, facilities should distribute copies of this position statement to partnering clinics and hospitals (especially emergency departments and labor and delivery units). Facilities should be aware of state laws and local statutes addressing ...
Bone cement creep behavior was studied using commercial available clinical bone cement. Creep deformation was measured using a micrometer with a resolution of 1 μm. It was demonstrated that the restraint has a very strong effect on the creep of bone cement, half-restrained specimens creep more than that of fully restrained specimens. The creep of the investigated bone cement increased with the dynamic loading cycles, and two creep stages, a high initial creep rate followed by a steady creep stage, can be identified. The relationship between the creep deformation and the loading cycles was expressed by a single logarithmic model.. ...
A new treatment involving bimanual (Hand-Arm Bimanual Intensive Therapy (HABIT). The protocols have been developed at Columbia University to be child friendly and draws upon our experience since 1997 with constraint-induced movement therapy in children with cerebral palsy. The investigators developed HABIT in 2004 as an alternative to constraint-therapy that avoids use of a restraint. The interventions are performed in a 15 day day-camp setting with several children and at least one therapist per child. The investigators have conducted 24 day camps to date since 2002, and are now collaborating with clinicians worldwide to expand our treatment availability. The aim is to promote the use of and improve the coordination of movement of both hands together. PARTICIPATION IS FREE. Please check out our website for more information: ...
On Tue, Jun 22, 2010 at 2:21 PM, Scott Classen ,sclassen at, wrote: , Hello friendly Phenix developers, , , According to the CHANGES for phenix.refine 1.6.2-432 there is a new , feature: , , hydrogen-bond restraints for Watson-Crick base pairs , , How do I use this? I couldnt find any documentation... or is it automagic? , Automagic, I hope. Start with main.secondary_structure_restraints=True, and it will attempt to find existing base pairs by analyzing hydrogen bonds. If your geometry is still a little screwy, the parameter syntax is like this: refinement.secondary_structure.nucleic_acids { base_pair { base1 = chain A and resseq 1 base2 = chain B and resseq 10 } } One piece of advice: make sure your structure has either all hydrogen atoms where they should be, or none at all - if youre missing any, the secondary structure restraints will probably break. The automatic mechanism will also restrain protein helices and sheets, but you can easily turn this off ...
Dear Maike, did you read the log file to see whether any of your restraints get acknowledged by phenix.refine? There can be many reasons why they are not, e.g. mismatching atom names, mismatching residue abbreviation, ... Regards, Tim On Tuesday 28 February 2017 04:44:43 PM Maike Bublitz wrote: , Dear all, , , thank you again for all your suggestions. Heres what Ive tried, without , success: , , 1) reduce deviation from planarity restraints to very small value or zero , -, ligand still gets distorted in refinement , , 2) Set all bond angle restraints to ideal values and checked sums of angles , in planar rings -, ligand still gets distorted in refinement , , 3) Used phenix.elbow with - -final-geometry on a pdb of a planar ligand -, , ligand still gets distorted in refinement , , 4) Used the grade server , (,,) to generate cif , file from SMILES string-, phenix.refine stops with message Unknown file , format: grade-ligand.cif. , , Does ...
We now know that rehabilitation after brain injury depends upon two processes: (1) the endogenous responses of neural tissues (reactive plasticity), which include reactive neurogenesis, neural migration, axonal sprouting and extension to target structures, and synaptogenesis; and (2) the replacement of knowledge lost due to injury through experience-based, behavioral interventions. The study of these processes at the confluence of basic and applied sciences in neurorehabilitation has provided the motive for experience-dependent learning methods such as constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT) for paresis following stroke (Taub et al., 1999). Although there has certainly been controversy about the specifics of CIMT-in particular whether this particular form of therapy warrants wide application at this point (Siegert et al., 2004)-the principles have found wider applicability such as that found in body weight supported treadmill therapy for gait impairment following spinal cord injury ...
A sample collector to collect samples has a chassis with a receptacle that is sized to receive a container, and a restraint positioned about the receptacle to restraint the container in the receptacle. The restraint has an open position that allows a container to be inserted into, or released from, the receptacle, and a locked position in which the container is locked in and cannot be removed from the receptacle. A controller determines a status signal, and in response to the status signal, sends to the restraint, either of (i) an open signal to set the restraint to the open position, (ii) a lock signal to set the restraint to the locked position, or (iii) a stand-by signal to maintain the open or locked position of the restraint.
J. Liepert, W. H. R. Miltner, H. Bauder, M. Sommer, C. Dettmers, E. Taub, and C. Weiller. 1998. Motor cortex plasticity during constraint-induced movement therapy in stroke patients. Neuroscience Letter, 250: pp. 5-8 ...
Abstract of Paper: EFFECT OF ACUTE AND CHRONIC STRESS ON THE HEMOSTATIC BALANCE AND THE ROLE OF RENIN-ANGIOTENSIN SYSTEM , Author: Ahmed I. Agamy MD, Awad M. BI-Abd MD and Thanaa H. Belal MD , Year: 1999 , Faculty of Medicine, Benha University
Since you are interested in the idea of a Court of Preference and Restraint Ill dump my draft on you. Youll notice that Im attempting to be realistic. Instead of dreaming up an institution that achieves good results because it is manned by good people Im trying to think psycho-historically: what are the dynamics of the social system. But this leads me out of my depth. Ive not developed the idea beyond blog-comment quality.. If you create an offical post, the holder of the office will exercise his powers, to avoid being seen to be redundant. If you create parliament to make laws, parliamentarians will give you plenty of laws. If you establish a patent office, it will issue plenty of patents.. If you have a Court of Preference and Restraint, whose sole power is to strike down laws that grant preferences and enact restraints, what dynamic does that create? I think the natural tendency of bureaucracy to expand into empire could be useful here. If the legislature tired of passing crass laws that ...
EMS personnel should evaluate restrained extremities for pulse quality, capillary refill, color, temperature, and nerve and motor function immediately following application of the restraint device and every 5 minutes thereafter. Any abnormal findings require removal of the restraint device; however, after reevaluation, medics may reapply the device, if indicated. The Medical Direction Team recognizes that the evaluation of nerve and motor status requires patient cooperation and thus may be difficult to monitor ...
(Corrections & Clarifications: A previous version of this story misidentified the restraint used by former Minneapolis police officer Derek Chauvin in the death of George Floyd.)The San Diego Police Department, spurred by the fallout from George Floyds death in Minneapolis, has immediately banned a controversial restraint technique.At least three major police departments have banned similar neck holds or chokeholds amid increasing attention on policing maneuvers that cut off
(Corrections & Clarifications: A previous version of this story misidentified the restraint used by former Minneapolis police officer Derek Chauvin in the death of George Floyd.)The San Diego Police Department, spurred by the fallout from George Floyds death in Minneapolis, has immediately banned a controversial restraint technique.At least three major police departments have banned similar neck holds or chokeholds amid increasing attention on policing maneuvers that cut off
(Corrections & Clarifications: A previous version of this story misidentified the restraint used by former Minneapolis police officer Derek Chauvin in the death of George Floyd.)The San Diego Police Department, spurred by the fallout from George Floyds death in Minneapolis, has immediately banned a controversial restraint technique.At least three major police departments have banned similar neck holds or chokeholds amid increasing attention on policing maneuvers that cut off
Goats need to be held still in various contexts, including slaughtering, hoof-trimming, and milking. Ideally, the method of restraint should be comfortable/humane, strong, portable, easy to use, and affordable. Weve developed a homemade goat restraint that fits these categories and has worked for many years.
Stress is a powerful modulator of neuroendocrine, behavioral and immunological functions. After 4.5 days of repeated combined acoustic and restraint stress as a murine model of chronic psychological stress severe metabolic dysregulations became detectable in female BALB/c mice. Stress-induced alterations of metabolic processes that were found in a hepatic mRNA expression profiling were verified by in vivo analyses. Repeatedly stressed mice developed a hypermetabolic syndrome with severe loss of lean body mass, hyperglycemia, dyslipidemia, increased amino acid turn-over, and acidosis. This was associated with hypercortisolism, hyperleptinemia, insulin resistance, and hypothyroidism. In contrast, after a single acute stress exposure changes in expression of metabolic genes were much less pronounced and predominantly confined to gluconeogenesis, probably indicating that metabolic disturbances might be initiated already early but will only manifest in repeatedly stressed mice. Thus, in our murine ...
The most salient result of the present study is the almost doubling of the excitable cortex, yielding responses of a muscle in the more-affected hand of patients with chronic stroke after CI therapy. This result is paralleled by the large improvement produced by this intervention in the same subjects in the amount of use of the more-affected extremity in the real world setting. The behavioral and electrophysiological changes were consistent across individuals, with both being observed in each patient.. The comparison of the results of the 2 baseline measurements before therapy yielded a good reproduction of the MAL and TMS mapping data, with both indicating stability of motor performance in the patients and a good reproducibility of the TMS mapping and providing a control for certain nonspecific effects. The stability of both parameters is of importance for the interpretation of the posttreatment results in that it indicates the clinical and electrophysiological changes observed after CI therapy ...
There are renewed efforts in Congress this week to impose federal limits on the use of restraint and seclusion in special education, but its unclear how or when the issue might move forward.
The Education Department plans to offer guidance on restraint and seclusion before the next school year begins, even as Congressional efforts on the issue continue to appear stalled.
After reading these two chapters, I learned a lot about the stress is causes on family members. No family realizes it until they experience it first-hand and...
Maria Taylor on Wishmore Cross Academys aim of reducing restraint and physical intervention, including the justification behind the plan, and the results.
Find all books from Goddard, Dwight - Buddhistic Restraint of Physical Desire to Emancipation. At you can find used, antique and new books, COMPARE results and immediately PURCHASE your selection at the best price. 9781425465995
Physical restraint[edit]. External physical shocks or constrainment due to growth in a restricted space, may result in ... About 3% of newborns have a "major physical anomaly", meaning a physical anomaly that has cosmetic or functional significance.[ ... A congenital physical anomaly is an abnormality of the structure of a body part. An anomaly may or may not be perceived as a ... Birth defect is a widely used term for a congenital malformation, i.e. a congenital, physical anomaly which is recognizable at ...
Physical restraint. An example is Potter syndrome due to oligohydramnios in humans. Genetic disorders Alcohol consumption ... About 3% of newborns have a "major physical anomaly", meaning a physical anomaly that has cosmetic or functional significance. ... Historically, people have used many pejorative terms to describe/label cases of significant physical malformations. In the ...
Poor self-control and/or restraint. Physical and/or psychological bullying. Procedural inflexibility. Discriminatory attitudes ... The harm can be physical, psychological or both. In his book, Understanding Ethical Failures in Leaders, Terry L. Price argues ...
... physical restraint was mentioned.' But seriously, I figured if I didn't stop, I was going to go into permanent Marlene Dietrich ... Cher triumphed over restraint, aging and gravity, standing proudly alongside her younger selves in the video clips. In her ...
... physical restraint'". RochesterFirst. 2020-09-02. Retrieved 2020-09-09. "Autopsy: Rochester man asphyxiated from 'physical ... "complications from asphyxia in the setting of physical restraint", excited delirium and PCP intoxication listed as factors. On ... restraint'; death ruled a homicide". NEWS10 ABC. 2020-09-02. Retrieved 2020-09-09. Wilson, Michael (2020-09-05). "After ...
Masters, Kim (2017). "Physical Restraint: A Historical Review and Current Practice". Psychiatric Annals. 47 (1): 52-55. doi: ... and physical restraints (tying patients to beds) much higher than in other countries. High levels of deep vein thrombosis have ... In contrast to physical health care, the quality of mental health care in Japan is relatively low compared to most other ... Rather than decreasing the use of restraints as has been done in many other countries, the incidence of use of medical ...
He shows restraint and finesses in his performance. The actor's physical transformation adds weight to all the kicks and ...
On November 28, 2018, staff at Guiding Hands school held Max Benson in a prone (face down) physical restraint for more than 90 ... During the extended physical restraint, Benson became unresponsive. According to the investigation conducted by the California ... California died as a result of being held in an extended prone physical restraint by the staff at his now-defunct K-12 non- ... and violation of multiple state rules regarding the use of physical restraints on students. The CDE had also investigated other ...
... inflict physical harm on the person threatened or any other person; (b) subject any person to physical confinement or restraint ... "Threat of harm generally involves a perception of injury...physical or mental damage...act or instance of injury, or a material ... Causes physical contact with another person. (b) Damages, destroys or defaces any real or personal property of another person ... offensive touching or any physical interference with normal work or movement, and visual insults, such as derogatory posters or ...
A hard control provides a physical barrier between the person and the hazard. Hard controls include machine guards, restraint ... A soft control does not provide a physical barrier between the person and the hazard. Soft controls include signage, procedures ... They are:[citation needed] Physical object hazard - touch or inhale it. Hazardous work type - requires a permit, qualification ... Many hazards will fit into more than one family.[citation needed] Physical, chemical, electrical, mechanical, hydraulic, ...
Bondage: Acts involving the physical restraint of a partner. Bondage typically refers to total restraint, but it can be limited ... Hogtie: Tying up a submissive's wrists and ankles, fastening them together behind their back using physical restraints such as ... Subdrop: A physical condition, often with cold- or flu-like symptoms, experienced by a submissive after an intense session of ... This act could be either verbal or physical for example, insulting a partner, making a partner display their private parts to a ...
The female patient was subdued by a physical restraint immediately. ("She Is Insane (Sie ist verrückt)") Because Elisabeth was ... The newspapers sympathetically gave the write up of poor physical condition of hers extensive coverage wrote as the pathetic ... Owing to the deterioration of physical condition of hers, her accommodation was limited to tourist spots such as Switzerland ... on a daily basis because he was anxious about the physical condition of hers. And a decade elapsed. The hairdresser attached to ...
Shue, Henry (1989). Nuclear Deterrence and Moral Restraint: Critical Choices for American Strategy. p. 170. Hanna, Nathan (2008 ... Cornwall, John (2013). Individual Education Plans Physical Disabilities and Medical Conditions. p. 19. ...
Physical force, however, is not a necessary element, and confinement need not be lengthy; the restraint must be complete, ... "Interference" covers any physical entry to land, as well as the abuse of a right of entry, when a person who has the right to ... This is not the case if the physical contact went beyond what could be expected, such as the use of hand gun during a fistfight ... False imprisonment is defined as "unlaw[ful] obstruct[ion] or depriv[ation] of freedom from restraint of movement". In some ...
However, physical restraint remained a theoretical (though rarely imposed) possibility. According to author Paul Ham, ... 1", consisted of the convicted man being placed in fetters and handcuffs or similar restraints and attached to a fixed object, ... 1914 Manual of Military Law specifically stated that Field Punishment should not be applied in such a way as to cause physical ...
Mercer, Jean (August 2002). "Child psychotherapy involving physical restraint: techniques used in four approaches". Child and ... a treatment without empirical support Child psychotherapy involving physical restraint: techniques used in four approaches ( ... She is an outspoken critic of RAD therapies (also known as attachment therapy, rebirthing, compression or coercive restraint ... Mercer, Jean (July 2001). "'Attachment therapy' using deliberate restraint: an object lesson on the identification of ...
Physical restraints are used far more often. In 2014, more than 10,000 people were restrained-the highest ever recorded, and ... "介護施設、拘束の要件厳格化" [Tough changes in requirements for physical restraints in nursing homes] (in Japanese). Reuters Japan. 4 ... even if it is not physical isolation), frequently meeting other service users but having little contact with the rest of the ... physical violence and sexual misconduct and abuse; inadequate mechanisms for dealing with complaints; pressures and ...
Physical Restraint: Morgue". DNA Info Chicago. Archived from the original on 28 December 2016. Retrieved 14 ...
Actual physical restraint is not necessary for false imprisonment to occur. A false imprisonment claim may be made based upon ...
... there is a hands-on treatment involving physical restraint and discomfort. Attachment Therapy is the imposition of boundary ... Through this process of restraint and confrontation, therapists seek to produce in the child a range of responses such as rage ... Proponents argue that their therapies present no physical risk if undertaken properly and that critics' concerns are based on ... In addition, proponents believed that holding induced age regression, enabling a child to make up for physical affection missed ...
Physical restraint which prevents participants from indicating a withdrawal of consent. Urolagnia Erotic asphyxiation ...
Treatments also covered a whole range from physical restraint to counseling; they did not make much use of pharmaceuticals." ... However, most physicians understood mental illness was often caused by physical ailments such as an imbalance of the humors. ...
These situations provoke rage because they are associated with physical restraint. Love: an automatic response from infants ... This discontent stems partly from Watsons' description of a 'happy child', whereby a child can only cry when in physical pain, ... Of course behaviorism putting an emphasis on people's external behaviors, emotions were considered as mere physical responses. ... physical) support. However, because older children are afraid of many things (e.g. different animals, strange people etc.), it ...
... and physical abuse. Videos obtained from the school demonstrate violent restraint tactics used against students. In March 2009 ...
Claustrophobia involves two parts, fear of physical restraint and fear of suffocation. The safety harnesses and enclosures on ... restraints or g-forces on the body. While roller coasters are a popular theme park attraction, certain people feel nauseated, ...
The state may occur because of stroking, salient stimuli, or physical restraint. The name comes from its claimed resemblance to ... or physical restraint. It is called "hypnosis" because of a claimed resemblance to human hypnosis and trance Svorad D (January ... Physical or vascular damage to the brainstem disconnecting the red nucleus (midbrain) and the vestibular nuclei (pons) may ... and could be awakened with physical stimuli. Because these external stimuli would be blocked on their way to the cortex by the ...
Social stigma Public humiliation Barefoot Prison uniform School uniform Physical restraint stigma. The American ... Presenting a prisoner to the public in restraints (such as handcuffs, shackles, chains or similar devices) has always served as ... as it renders the person practically defenceless and showcases his or her physical defeat to onlookers. The effect is often ...
Use of physical restraints such as straitjackets also declined. As of 2013, the 10 most prescribed psychiatric drugs by number ...
These include limiting umbilical length, and other physical restraints. Offshore diving practices are basically similar in ... Commercial diving operations are constrained by occupational health and safety legislation, but also by the physical realities ... Divers face specific physical and health risks when they go underwater or use high pressure breathing gas. When a diver enters ...
Rope is very often used in bondage as a material for physical restraint. In the western world, almost any kind of rope can be ... "Verbal bondage" is bondage without physical restraint, the subject is simply given orders not to move, or only move in a ... Other types of restraints include chains, handcuffs, thumbcuffs and belly chains. Institutional restraints, such as ... without using any physical restraint. This latter case, called "verbal bondage", appeals to many people and is far more common ...
For example, she described the emphasis on restraint in Pueblo cultures of the American southwest, and the emphasis on abandon ... The nations united against fascism, they continue, include "the most different physical types of men." ...
"Non-invasive physical treatments for chronic/recurrent headache". Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (3): CD001878. doi: ... in which the court found that the AMA had engaged in unreasonable restraint of trade and conspiracy, and which ended the AMA's ... Biondi DM (June 2005). "Physical treatments for headache: a structured review". Headache. 45 (6): 738-46. doi:10.1111/j.1526- ... Chiropractic overlaps with several other forms of manual therapy, including massage therapy, osteopathy, physical therapy, and ...
... as lack of physical restraint[edit]. Most "classical compatibilists", such as Thomas Hobbes, claim that a person is ... With causal closure, no physical event has a cause outside the physical domain, and with physical determinism, the future is ... Accounts of libertarianism subdivide into non-physical theories and physical or naturalistic theories. Non-physical theories ... "If the brain is nothing but a complex physical object whose states are as much governed by physical laws as any other physical ...
II, "Of Restraints upon the Importation from Foreign Countries of such Goods as can be Produced at Home", IV.2.3 para. 3-5 and ... The controlled experiments common to the physical sciences are difficult and uncommon in economics,[157] and instead broad data ... II, "Of Restraints upon the Importation from Foreign Countries of such Goods as can be Produced at Home", para. 9. sfnp error: ... is an extreme case of failure of competition as a restraint on producers. Extreme economies of scale are one possible cause. ...
Nightingale's achievements are all the more impressive when they are considered against the background of social restraints on ... She detailed the health conditions, physical descriptions, dietary information, and other vital details of patients whom she ...
... on the physical condition of the workers: The poor fellows are miserably clad, scarcely with a boot on their foot, in a most ... despite being a target of local authority restraints.[140] ... physical needs and to keep them away from the temptations of ...
People with physical disabilitiesEdit. Access to public areas such as city streets, public buildings, and restrooms are some of ... Abuse and neglect includes inappropriate seclusion and restraint, inappropriate use of force by staff and/or providers, threats ... In 1948, a watershed for the movement was the proof of the existence of physical and program barriers. The proof was provided ... Unlike many of the leaders in the physical disability rights community, self-advocacy has been slow in developing for people ...
His physical health is good, and I am inclined to say he has recovered. Has no pain in head, but says it has a queer feeling ... impatient of restraint or advice when it conflicts with his desires, at times pertinaciously obstinate, yet capricious and ... Two photographs of Gage, and a physician's report of his physical and mental condition late in life, were published in 2009 and ... In his 1848 report, as Gage was just completing his physical recovery, Harlow had only hinted at possible psychological ...
Hence, in such patients low-pivoting physical activity may be re-achieved. Dr. Ellison, A. E., M.D. et al. 1985. Athletic ... In this condition, the patella repetitively subluxates and places strain on the medial restraints and excessive stress/tension ... Physical therapy especially focuses on muscle strengthening and proprioceptive exercises. The vastus medialis oblique muscle is ... It includes a multimodal approach with behavioural education of the patient, physical therapy, braces, weight reduction and ...
Thousands attend Black Lives Matter rallies keeping physical distance». NL Times (engelsk). 2. juni 2020. Besøkt 4. juni 2020. ... Minneapolis police made 44 people unconscious with neck restraints». NBC News (engelsk). 1. juni 2020. Arkivert fra originalen ... CNN, Casey Tolan (2. juni 2020). «Two-thirds of people put in neck restraints by Minneapolis police were black, department data ... neck restraint») ved pågripelser 428 ganger, hvorav 14 % av disse tilfellene førte til at personen mistet bevisstheten. Av de ...
Abusing the drug may lead to mild mental or physical addiction Schedule V. Lowest[c]. Yes. Abusing the drug may lead to mild ... "The treaty power, as expressed in the Constitution, is in terms unlimited except by those restraints which are found in that ... Abusing the drug can cause severe physical and mental addiction Schedule III. Medium[a]. Yes. Abusing the drug can cause severe ... Abuse of the drug or other substance may lead to moderate or low physical dependence or high psychological dependence.[37] ...
Masters were forbidden to force child slaves to harsh physical labor.[7] ... There are other forms of restraint used in Ancient Egypt slave markets more common than the shebya, like ropes and cords. ...
Physical consequences determine goodness or badness and power is deferred to unquestioningly with no respect for the human or ... from these revolutions significantly increased the personal autonomy of individuals due to the lack of structural restraints ... Level 1: Premoral/Preconventional Morality: Standards are met (or not met) depending on the hedonistic or physical consequences ... physical integrity and personal autonomy.[26] These incidences prompted calls for safeguards in medical research, such as the ...
... is seen as preventing poor physical health and managing good physical health.[125] ... They should forgive and ask forgiveness, appease and be appeased, and converse without restraint. For him who is appeased, ... Individuals who make a decision to genuinely forgive someone are also shown to have better physical health. This is due to the ... His studies show a reduction in experience of stress, physical manifestations of stress, and an increase in vitality.[20] ...
Todd, Kenny, and Neil Kandy torment Jesse as Neil builds his new restraints. Todd later enlists Jesse's help to add a canopy to ... With Walt and Skyler's help, she arranges for Hank to undergo an aggressive physical therapy program their insurance does not ... suggesting that he suffers from a mental illness rather than the physical condition he claims. ...
"Kitti's Hog-Nosed Bat: Craseonycteridae - Physical Characteristics - Bats, Bumblebee, Species, Inches, Brown, and Tips". Animal ... Because of the restraints of the mammalian lungs, bats cannot maintain high-altitude flight.[48] ... The bat is sacred in Tonga and is often considered the physical manifestation of a separable soul.[255] In the Zapotec ...
Progressive steps might include redirection, room restriction, and increasing levels of physical restraint with monitoring. ...
For that reason, duties can range from assisting in the physical restraint of combative patients, assisting physicians with the ...
Incidents of psychological and physical harm have been attributed to MDPV use.[91][92] ... is often used in the treatment of ADHD and narcolepsy and occasionally to treat obesity in combination with diet restraints and ... it induces physical effects such as decreased reaction time, fatigue resistance, and increased muscle strength.[49] ...
The shorter list of virtues became: Ahimsa (Non-violence), Dama (self restraint), Asteya (Non-covetousness/Non-stealing), ... Constantia - "perseverance" - military stamina, as well as general mental and physical endurance in the face of hardship. ... "physical strength, valorous conduct, and moral rectitude." The French words "vertu" and "virtu" came from this Latin root. In ... for Nietzsche does not refer to physical health as much as a psychological resilience and fortitude. Finally, a Higher type ...
Angle restraints[edit]. In addition to distance restraints, restraints on the torsion angles of the chemical bonds, typically ... some are statistical like PROCHECK and WHAT IF while others are based on physical principles as CheShift, or a mixture of ... Restraint generation[edit]. In order to make structure calculations a number of experimentally determined restraints have to be ... These fall into different categories; the most widely used are distance restraints and angle restraints. ...
While the physical collapse of the junta as a government was immediately caused by the Cyprus debacle, its ideological collapse ... in an orthopedic cast and applying restraints on the "patient", tying him on a surgical bed and putting him under anesthesia to ...
Passenger restraints such as seat belts - often in conjunction with laws requiring their use - and airbags ... Physical protection is important for protecting sensitive building and pedestrian areas. Visual protection is necessary to ... Safety barriers can provide some combination of physical protection and visual protection depending on their environment. ...
"Positional" or "restraint" asphyxia is when a person is restrained and left alone prone, such as in a police vehicle, and is ... physical factors. *Dermatosis neglecta. *Pinch mark. *Pseudoverrucous papules and nodules. *Sclerosing lymphangitis ... The weight of the restraint(s) doing the compression may contribute to what is attributed to positional asphyxia. Therefore, ... This occurs mostly during restraint and handcuffing situations by law enforcement, including psychiatric incidents. ...
You can see the deleterious effects of stress, sadness, loneliness, and lack of physical health or fitness at the physiological ... "Developmental trajectories in toddlers' self restraint predict individual differences in executive functions 14 years later: A ... There has been much work with excellent results on improving EFs in the elderly by improving physical fitness (Erickson & ... Further information: Neurobiological effects of physical exercise § Cognitive control and memory. The executive functions are ...
... there is a hands-on treatment involving physical restraint and discomfort. Attachment Therapy is the imposition of boundary ... Saunders BE, Berliner L, Hanson RF (26 April 2004), Child Physical and Sexual Abuse: Guidelines for Treatment, Revised Report ( ... Through this process of restraint and confrontation, therapists seek to produce in the child a range of responses such as rage ... "A central feature of many of these therapies is the use of psychological, physical, or aggressive means to provoke the child to ...
... the French Revolution destroyed the old cultural and economic restraints of patronage and corporatism (guilds), opening French ... written in English that took a methodical approach to describing mathematics and commercial arithmetic along with the physical ...
Sedation or physical restraint is rarely required, and excessive restraint may cause complications such as hyperthermia (over- ... Physical. LSD can cause pupil dilation, reduced appetite, profuse sweating, and wakefulness. Other physical reactions to LSD ... LSD was ranked 14th in dependence, 15th in physical harm, and 13th in social harm.[48] ...
The Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890, which was intended to sanction business cartels acting in restraint of trade,[27] was ... "exertion of a physical nature, controlled or required by the employer and pursued necessarily and primarily for the employer's ... required physical and mental exertion that was (2) controlled and required by the employer (3) for the employer's benefit. See ... or mental or physical disability, AIDS and HIV related illnesses and atypical hereditary cellular or blood traits. ...
A new Canadian study finds that psychiatric hospital providers continue to use intervention techniques such as physical ... Physical Restraint, Acute Care Drugs Still Part of Treatment in Mental Health Units. By Rick Nauert PhD Associate News Editor ... Although the use of physical restraint has declined in nursing homes, the practice is used in hospitals as clinicians use ... Nauert PhD, R. (2018). Physical Restraint, Acute Care Drugs Still Part of Treatment in Mental Health Units. Psych Central. ...
The influence of restraint condition on the resulting physical and mechanical properties was evaluated. Raman and X-ray results ... Influence of drying restraint on physical and mechanical properties of nanofibrillated cellulose films. Cellulose Volume 21, ... Influence of drying restraint on physical and mechanical properties of nanofibrillated cellulose films ... nanofibrillated cellulose, mocrofibrillated cellulose, nanocellulose restraint drying, fiber orientation, cellulose nanofibers ...
... died after being found in cardiopulmonary arrest while he was tied to his bed with physical restraints in a psychiatric ... Alliance against physical restraint in psychiatric care (精神科医療の身体拘束を考える会) started this petition to 内閣総理大臣 安倍晋三. (. 内閣総理大臣. ). ... It is well known that long-term restraints can cause grave physical, as well as psychological, harm to patients. It may cause ... According to a survey conducted on 689 patients in 11 psychiatric hospitals, the average
Act 118, which revises Wisconsin state law on addressing the use of seclusion and restraint in ... Seclusion and Physical Restraint. Seclusion and Physical Restraint. 2019 Wisconsin Act 118 - Pupil Restraint and Seclusion. ... AY 2019-2020 Statewide Pupil Seclusion and Restraint Data. Statewide school-level data on pupil seclusion and restraint during ... and other stakeholders to consider when developing and implementing policies and procedures related to physical restraint and ...
... on behalf of the department as part of a legislated review of new laws that aim to minimise the inappropriate use of restraint ... Use of physical and chemical restraint in residential aged care - seeking views Australian Healthcare Associates (AHA) is ... Even if youre not aware of the Restraints Principles, AHA would still like to hear your views on the use of restraint in ... friends or carers about experiences of restraint in residential aged care since 1 July 2019. ...
... and deaths related to physical restraint use.. Although it is claimed that the physical restraints are primarily used to ... appropriate interventions are implemented accordingly and one of these is physical restraint. A physical restraint is defined ... Some examples of physical restraints are usage of vest or chest restraints, wrist or ankle ties, geriatric chair with table, ... Deaths related to physical restraint use. Search strategy. The search strategy aims to find studies and papers which are ...
Risk factors for physical restraint use in nursing homes: pre- and post-implementation of the Nursing Home Reform Act.. Castle ... We propose that, to date, the NHRA may have been successful in reducing the use of physical restraints, but it appears to have ... The purposes of this article are (1) to identify resident and facility risk factors for the use of physical restraints since ... to compare these results with resident and facility risk factors for the use of physical restraints prior to the implementation ...
It jettisons the previously used term "therapeutic restraint" in favor of "physical restraint." ... Advocates still cautious as Maine tightens rule on physical restraint in schools. By Andrew Cullen on May 8, 2012 ... Instead, the new version of Chapter 33 states "no physical restraint may be used that restricts the free movement of the ... Home / Approved / Advocates still cautious as Maine tightens rule on physical restraint in schools ...
Physical Therapists Market Overview, Manufacturing Cost Structure Analysis, Growth Opportunities & Restraints to 2019. ... The Physical Therapists Industry comprises health practitioners engaged in providing physical therapy services to patients ... Reasons for Buying Physical Therapists Market. *Get up to date information available on the specialized design services market ... The physical therapists operate in their own offices or in other facilities such as hospitals and medical centers. ...
Maria Taylor on Wishmore Cross Academys aim of reducing restraint and physical intervention, including the justification ... on the emotional impact of physical restraint. This has resulted in a restraint reduction programme being introduced across the ... Reducing the use of physical intervention and restraint in special schools - one academys story. August 22, 2016. ... Maria Taylor, Co Principal, on Wishmore Cross Academys aim of reducing restraint and physical intervention, including the ...
... and Sewing Thread Used in Inflatable Restraints sewing thread~ ... 5.2 The physical testing procedures in this practice can be ... Standard Practice for Determining Physical Properties of Fabrics, Yarns, ... Standard Practice for Determining Physical Properties of Fabrics, Yarns, and Sewing Thread Used in Inflatable Restraints. ... 5.3 This practice addresses all the physical properties that describe inflatable restraint fabrics and their commonly used test ...
AbstractObjectivesTo evaluate the negative effect of physical restraint use on the hospital outcomes of older patients.DesignA ... had physical restraint. Results of multivariate logistic regression showed that subjects with physical restraints were at ... The Adverse Effects of Physical Restraint Use Among Older Adult Patients Admitted to the Internal Medicine Wards: A Hospital- ... AbstractObjectivesTo evaluate the negative effect of physical restraint use on the hospital outcomes of older patients.DesignA ...
Pulmonary embolism in an acute manic patient following physical restraint ... Pulmonary embolism in an acute manic patient following physical restraint. S. Pirsoul, L. De Backer, D. Schrijvers ... a patient developed a pulmonary embolism after being immobilised after a short period while subjected to physical restraint. We ...
Risk for physical restraint or seclusion in the psychiatric emergency service (PES) - Corrected Proof. General Hospital ... Abstract: Objective: We describe risk factors associated with patients experiencing physical restraint or seclusion in the ... 2 and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed.Results: Restraint/seclusion occurred in 14% of 5335 patient ...
Nationally, and in Illinois, it is legal to use physical... ... Imagining your elderly loved one secured by physical restraints ... Physical and chemical methods of restraint on elderly patients are hazardous. Victims of illegal use of restraints at risk, ... It is crucial to be watchful if a nursing home facility is using physical restraints on your loved one. Restraints will likely ... Is it Appropriate to Use Physical Restraints on Elderly Patients in Nursing Homes?. Imagining your elderly loved one secured by ...
... perceptions about using physical restraint for hospitalized elderly people: a cross-sectional descriptive-correlational study ... Iranian nurses` perceptions about using physical restraint for hospitalized elderly people: a cross-sectional descriptive- ... Using physical restraint (PR) for hospitalized elderly people is a major nursing challenge. It is associated with different ... Iranian nurses` perceptions about using physical restraint for hospitalized elderly people: a cross-sectional descriptive- ...
Psychiatric inpatients perceptions of positive and negative aspects of physical restraint. Wai-Tong Chien, Carmen W.H. Chan, ...
Physical restraint[edit]. External physical shocks or constrainment due to growth in a restricted space, may result in ... About 3% of newborns have a "major physical anomaly", meaning a physical anomaly that has cosmetic or functional significance.[ ... A congenital physical anomaly is an abnormality of the structure of a body part. An anomaly may or may not be perceived as a ... Birth defect is a widely used term for a congenital malformation, i.e. a congenital, physical anomaly which is recognizable at ...
Animal handling and restraint hazards. *Improved livestock handling facility design and restraining facilities can decrease ... Most bite, scratch, kick, and crush injuries from animals can be prevented by using appropriate restraint and following ... Humane Society Veterinary Medical Association: Animal Handling and Restraintpdf iconexternal icon ...
Physical restraints are associated with many negative outcomes. The German law is explicit, allowing physical restraints in ... OBJECTIVES To investigate the prevalence of physical restraints and characteristics associated with physical restraint use in ... RESULTS The prevalence of patients with at least one physical restraint was 11.8% (95%CI 7.8-15.7). The measures used most ... A total of 3434 direct observations on physical restraint status were collected. The study period lasted from October 2008 to ...
the use of restraint or seclusion JKA-R Use of Physical Intervention - Regulation ...
Ethical Approaches to Physical Interventions Responding to challenging behaviour in people with intellectual disabilities. £ ... These standards, produced by the Restraint Reduction Network, have been developed with the support of Health Education England ...
Restraint. Special Needs. Antioch, CA-09 or CA-11. Filed civil claims alledging psychological and physical abuse by untrained ... Restraint and Seclusion. Physical, emotional, intellectual disabilities; autism. (there were cases of 70 students). Multiple ... Restraint and Seclusion. SWDs (700+ cases documented in the 2009-10 school year). State-wide. The Future of Restraint and ... Restraint and Seclusion. SWDs. state-wide. Special ed students put in seclusion/restraint over 1,100 times, report says. http ...
... restraint (3) reverse sneeze (1) scapula (1) sheep (5) skeleton (5) spay (5) stomach tube (1) surgery (37) surgery preparation ... physical exam (7) physiology (4) placenta (1) Porcine (1) public health (1) radiology (8) rectal exam (1) reflexes (2) ...
Restraints can help keep a person from getting hurt or doing harm to others, including their caregivers. They are used as a ... Restraints in a medical setting are devices that limit a patients movement. ... Physical and chemical restraint. In: Roberts JR, Custalow CB, Thomsen TW, eds. Roberts and Hedges Clinical Procedures in ... Restraints should be used only as a last choice.. Caregivers in a hospital can use restraints in emergencies or when they are ...
... how do you distinguish a therapeutic hold from a physical restraint? Does a physical restraint include grabbing a five year old ... There is no standard definition of physical restraint. We are unaware of any descriptions of any differences between physical ... The definition of physical restraint under 482.13(f) is confusing and needs elaboration. The task you have set for yourselves ... Physical restraint. When "less restrictive interventions have been determined to be ineffective," residential group care ...
There are 3 different types of Restraint method Physical Restraint Trap Containers. Chemical Restraint You are the keeper..... ... Handling and Restraint of Zoo Animals. Identify the 3 different types of restraint. Describe the 3 different types of restraint ... Chemical Restraint. Anaesthetics. UNCONSCIOUS IMMOBILISATION. This causes sleep, thus preventing pain and discomfort and allows ... Each of you will give me a factoid about restraint of an animal.... Think back to safe working practice. ...
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Physical restraint induces apoptotic cell death. (A) Balb/c 7-9-wk-old mice were subjected to a 12-h physical restraint daily ... Physical Restraint.. 7-9-wk-old mice were subjected to an established chronic physical restraint protocol (19). They were ... before physical restraint completely blocked stress-induced reduction in splenocyte numbers. Therefore, chronic physical ... C3H.MRL.Faslpr (C3H-lpr/lpr) or C3H/HeJ (C3H) mice aged 7-9 wk were subjected to a 12-h physical restraint daily for 3 d. Mice ...
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  • Statewide school-level data on pupil seclusion and restraint during the 2019-2020 school year may be found in the file above. (
  • The DPI collects Seclusion and Restraint data required by 2019 Act 118, which does not include disaggregating by race or documentation of the involvement of law enforcement (including SROs). (
  • AHA is seeking the views of current or previous aged care residents and their families, friends or carers about experiences of restraint in residential aged care since 1 July 2019. (
  • This Report has been updated to include changes made through July 1, 2019 to state restraint and seclusion laws and policies. (
  • As part of the 2019-20 Budget Measure More Choices for a Longer Life - Mandatory National Quality Indicators and Reducing the Misuse of Medicines in Residential Aged Care , we have developed new quality indicators relating to medication management and falls and major injury, as well as updated the pressure injuries, physical restraint and unplanned weight loss quality indicators. (
  • To lessen the reliance on physical restraints some homes have reduced patient mobility through the increase of drug usage, i.e. "chemical restraints. (
  • Additionally such use of "chemical restraints" is a grave violation a patient's rights. (
  • Physical and chemical methods of restraint on elderly patients are hazardous. (
  • Physical and chemical restraint. (
  • Chemical restraint is of great importance in the clinical practice of wildlife animals. (
  • All six animals were submitted to two chemical restraint protocols with tiletamine and zolazepam, per intramuscular injection in the hind limb. (
  • The use of interspecific allometric scaling for chemical restraint with the combination tiletamine and zolazepam showed satisfying results, with great similarity to results obtained with conventional doses in Greater rheas. (
  • Chemical restraints are medicines used to quickly sedate your child if he is violent. (
  • Chemical restraints can cause low blood pressure, heart rhythm problems, and slow or shallow breathing. (
  • Chemical restraints can also cause drooling, shuffled walk, muscle spasms and stiffness, and tremors. (
  • Restraint can be mechanical, chemical or physical. (
  • Chemical restraints are medications used to modify or restrict behaviour, for example, tranquilizers and sedatives. (
  • Ask your facility or agency about their protocol on the use of physical, chemical and environmental restraints. (
  • The members of the National Association of State Mental Health Program Directors (NASMHPD) believe that seclusion and restraint, including "chemical restraints," are safety interventions of last resort and are not treatment interventions. (
  • There are three basic types of restraint that can be effective during an emergency: location restraint, physical restraint and chemical restraint. (
  • Our series on emergency restraint techniques concludes with an article on different types of location restraint, chemical restraint, and special techniques to restrain a foal, mule or donkey. (
  • However, opposed to physical restraints, chemical restraints are forms of psychoactive medication that intentionally inhibit an individual's behaviour or movement. (
  • 9. Chemical Restraint and Anesthesia. (
  • Section I: Chemical restraint ((Murray E. Fowler and Susan K. Mikota). (
  • Tube-feeding is associated with agitation, increased use of physical and chemical restraints, and worsening pressure ulcers. (
  • We undertook a cross-sectional study of 494 family caregivers, 201 home helpers, 78 visiting nurses, 131 visiting physicians, and 158 care managers of home-dwelling frail elders needing some care and medical support in Japan, using questionnaires on knowledge of 11 physical restraint procedures prohibited in institutions and 10 harmful effects of physical restraints, perceptions of 17 reasons for requiring physical restraints, and experiences involving physical restraint use. (
  • Although the use of physical restraint has declined in nursing homes, the practice is used in hospitals as clinicians use physical restraints to prevent patient falls, to forestall disruption of therapy , or to control disruptive behavior. (
  • The latest findings show that the use of restraints and medications as control interventions is still an everyday practice in inpatient mental health units," said Dr. John Hirdes, of the Faculty of Applied Health Sciences at Waterloo and senior author on the paper. (
  • The use of restrictive physical interventions has been, and still is, common practice in many special schools. (
  • The programme was deemed very successful in reducing the use of seclusion and restraint within these organisations and is now recognised as evidence-based practice. (
  • 5.2 The physical testing procedures in this practice can be used in conjunction with lot sampling procedures as a basis for acceptance testing of commercial shipments of inflatable restraint fabrics. (
  • 5.3 This practice addresses all the physical properties that describe inflatable restraint fabrics and their commonly used test methods. (
  • 1.1 This practice is a listing of the test methods commonly employed in determining the physical properties of fabrics and yarns used in the manufacture of inflatable restraints. (
  • 1.4 In Section 9 , this practice lists is alphabetical order the procedures associated with conducting physical testing of the following fabric or yarn properties of concern to the design and manufacture of inflatable restraints. (
  • 1.5 This practice may be used in conjunction with Practice D5427 which prescribes standard practices for the accelerated aging of inflatable restraint fabrics when comparative results of physical properties before and after accelerated aging are required. (
  • Evidence-Based Practice Guideline: Changing the Practice of Physical Restraint Use in Acute Care. (
  • The COVID-19 pandemic has brought a new focus to merger and acquisition activity in the physical therapy space, pointing to the many challenges independent practice owners are experiencing in their efforts to survive," said Gibney. (
  • Relevance to clinical practice: Alternative approaches such as pain management, sleep promotion and the involvement of relatives need to be explored before physical restraint policy can be written. (
  • The questionnaire was designed to elicit information about the personal and professional characteristics of respondents, knowledge about restraints, nursing practice regarding the use of physical restraints, and attitudes toward the use of restraints. (
  • 2. On September 11, 2000, DOJ issued its letter of findings ("Findings Letter") containing evidence that NCCC subjects inmates to unconstitutional conditions that have caused them grievous harm: that staff engage in a pattern or practice of physical abuse of inmates, and that NCCC is deliberately indifferent to inmates' serious medical needs. (
  • Federal regulations and practice guidelines are now consistent with the evidence, advising that restraints generally should not be used. (
  • Practice guidelines outline the need for care plan modification to compensate for restraint use, including frequent position changes and skin care, provision of adequate range of motion, and assistance with activities of daily living. (
  • Effects of a restraint minimization program on staff knowledge, attitudes, and practice: a cluster randomized trial. (
  • The specification or agreement of purchaser and supplier may deviate from the practices described herein when (based on experience) considerations of fabric properties, material handling equipment, or inflatable restraint system design dictate otherwise. (
  • It is necessary to respond to abuses in the use of seclusion and restraints without undermining practices critical to insuring the safety and well-being of residents and staff. (
  • Apart from the additional cost and physical injuries, psychological problems such as 'Post-fall syndrome' which causes confidence loss and hesitancy following by loss of independence and mobility may arise 6 . (
  • Most bite, scratch, kick, and crush injuries from animals can be prevented by using appropriate restraint and following established procedures. (
  • Yet, providers know that seclusion and restraints can save lives and prevent injuries. (
  • They provide advice on how to assess residents for pressure injuries, how to count the use of physical restraint, and how to record unplanned weight loss. (
  • As a leadership team we agreed that if the guidance issued by the Department of Health was good enough for adults, then it should be good enough for the pupils in our care, hence a restraint reduction programme was implemented. (
  • A senior leader undertook a BSc in Restraint Reduction at Wolverhampton University. (
  • As part of the degree programme the senior leader researched models of restraint reduction and we decided to base our programme on Huckshorn's Six Core Strategies[5]. (
  • This has resulted in a restraint reduction programme being introduced across the school, and there has been a dramatic decrease in the number of incidents resulting in restraints. (
  • We report here that mice subjected to chronic 12-hour daily physical restraint for two days exhibited a significant reduction in splenocytes, a process likely mediated by apoptosis as demonstrated by the terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated deoxyuridine triphosphate nick end labeling assay. (
  • The reduction of seclusion and restraint has been a quality indicator in psychiatric services for many years. (
  • A major hurdle to this goal was alleviating staff resistance to the seclusion and restraint reduction efforts, as a number of staff members felt that the use of physical restraint increased their safety. (
  • These initiatives resulted in a 97-99% overall reduction in physical restraint use in the units. (
  • A physical restraint reduction initiative at a public psychiatric inpatient service was documented by McCue, et al. (
  • Restraint reduction has been advocated on the grounds that physical restraints have negative psychological effects and are not effective in preventing falls. (
  • The potential effect of restraint reduction on length of hospital stay (LOS) has not been investigated. (
  • This study was undertaken to compare the average length of stay of older patients in a convalescent medical ward setting before and after a restraint reduction program. (
  • Measurements: The use of physical restraint, LOS, and clinical outcomes of randomly selected patient episodes in the year before and after the implementation of a restraint reduction program were compared. (
  • With the implementation of the restraint reduction scheme, the rate of physical restraint use declined significantly from 13.3% in 2007 to 4.1% in 2009 for all patients. (
  • Conclusion: Physical restraint reduction was associated with significant reduction in average length of stay in convalescent medical wards, especially in the cognitively impaired patients. (
  • The NTAC training curriculum for the reduction of seclusion and restraint. (
  • Compared to other countries, Japanese psychiatric hospitals keep patients in restraints for a much longer time. (
  • According to a survey conducted on 689 patients in 11 psychiatric hospitals, the average time spent in physical restraint is 96 days[1]. (
  • To prohibit the use of body restraints for a long period of time (24 hours or longer) in psychiatric hospitals. (
  • To quickly investigate whether there are human rights violations caused by physical restraint in psychiatric hospitals. (
  • The physical therapists operate in their own offices or in other facilities such as hospitals and medical centers. (
  • Use of physical restraints in acute hospitals in Germany: a multi-centre cross-sectional study. (
  • Data on the use of physical restraints in acute hospitals in Germany are sparse. (
  • Use of physical restraints in nursing homes and hospitals and related factors: a cross-sectional study. (
  • Pursuant to HHS's request for comments on the interim final rule (Federal Register Vol. 64, No. 127) regulating the use of seclusion and restraints in Medicare and Medicaid financed hospitals, CWLA submitted the following to the Health Care Financing Administration. (
  • Physical restraint" is an emergency procedure used in psychiatric hospitals to control patients that pose an imminent physical danger. (
  • The databases PubMed, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Web of Science, and Embase were searched for studies relating to physical restraint (including holding) in Norwegian psychiatric hospitals, supplemented with hand searches. (
  • Reducing seclusion and restraint in psychiatric hospitals & departments is achievable - with leadership, commitment, and staff training. (
  • Objectives: Physical restraints are often used to prevent falls and to secure medical devices in older people in hospitals. (
  • CMS reconsidering the one-hour rule for restraint use: Doctors, hospitals seek to overturn the requirement of a face-to-face physician evaluation within this restrictive time frame. (
  • The prevalence of restraint use in nursing homes and acute care hospitals is estimated between 25 and 85 percent. (
  • Nurses' use of physical restraints in four Turkish hospitals. (
  • It is well known that long-term restraints can cause grave physical, as well as psychological, harm to patients. (
  • In order to give proper treatment for hospitalized patients, the use of physical restraints in psychiatric medical treatment must be reduced. (
  • The Physical Therapists Industry comprises health practitioners engaged in providing physical therapy services to patients having disabilities, impairments and functional limitations resulting from diseases, injury or other causes. (
  • Abstract: Objective: We describe risk factors associated with patients experiencing physical restraint or seclusion in the psychiatric emergency service (PES).Methods: We retrospectively reviewed medical records, nursing logs and quality assurance data for all adult patient encounters in a PES over a 12-month period (June 1, 2011-May 31, 2012). (
  • Is it Appropriate to Use Physical Restraints on Elderly Patients in Nursing Homes? (
  • BACKGROUND Physical restraints are contrary to patients' autonomy and freedom. (
  • Incidence Rate and Patterns of Physical Restraint Use Among Adult Patients in Malaysia. (
  • Patients who are restrained also need to have their blood flow checked to make sure the restraints are not cutting off their blood flow. (
  • Most of the studies were on rates of restraint, but there were also some studies on perceptions of patients and staff, case studies, and ethnographic studies. (
  • Staff appear to be less negative to the use of restraint than patients. (
  • The study subjects included all three groups of nursing personnel because of their direct contact in caring for patients who may require restraints. (
  • Physical restraint has been commonly indicated to patients with brain dysfunction in neurocritical care. (
  • The effect of physical restraints on outcomes of critically ill adults remains controversial as no randomized controlled trials have compared its safety and efficacy, and the association between physical restraint requirement and neurological outcome in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) has not been fully examined. (
  • The aim of this study was to examine the association between physical restraint requirement and neurological outcomes in patients with SAH. (
  • Patients were divided into three groups based on the amount of time required for physical restraint during the first 24-72 h after admission: no, intermittent, and continuous use of physical restraint. (
  • Among them, 46 patients (45.5%) did not use physical restraint, and 55 (54.5%) patients used physical restraint during the first 24-72 h after admission: 26 (25.7%) intermittent and 29 (28.7%) continuous. (
  • Continuous use of physical restraint during the first 24-72 h after admission was more significantly associated with unfavorable neurological outcomes than no physical restraint among patients with SAH during the acute phase. (
  • However, the association between physical restraint requirement and neurological outcomes in patients with SAH has not been fully examined. (
  • Therefore, this study aimed to examine the association between physical restraint requirement and neurological outcome in patients with SAH. (
  • Local media reports had previously reported on locked aged-care and disability facilities where physical restraints were used to restrict patients' movements. (
  • In cases that other actions are not possible, physical restraint seems to be one of the acceptable interventions to protect patients or personnel of the unit. (
  • The current study aimed to assess the effectiveness of multifactorial intervention on observance of physical restraint standards of patients hospitalized in intensive care units. (
  • In this clinical trial study, 240 patients under physical restraint and hospitalized in intensive care units of Hazrat Rasool Akram hospital were studied in two control and intervention groups with convenience sampling. (
  • Considering the obtained results, multifactor intervention increased the observance rate of physical restraint standards for patients hospitalized in intensive care units. (
  • As a result, it is suggested to use multifactor intervention (education to personnel, recording restraint and installing poster) to improve immunity of patients and reduce the side effects of physical restraint in intensive care units. (
  • 7 Newer evidence suggests that using physical restraints and side rails to prevent falls is misguided and may pose a significant safety hazard to patients. (
  • 8 , 9 Several studies have found that restrained patients were more likely to fall than those without restraint orders. (
  • Leather restraints are used for strong patients for whom soft restraints fail to prevent escape. (
  • Metal restraints are only permitted to be used on patients who are in legal custody or whose behavior in the health care setting is of a criminal nature (e. g. assaulting or making verbal threats of assault toward health care worker). (
  • Patients who may come in need of limb restraints include those who have suffered a head injury, those recovering from seizures (usually multiple ones), have been under anesthesia for a long period of time, or those suffering from mental illness, dementia, or side effects from their treatment. (
  • Most patients who find themselves restrained naturally think they can free themselves by pulling hard at the restraints. (
  • Other patients attempt to unfasten the restraints around the wrist, but find they cannot reach the fastener unless they have abnormally flexible joints. (
  • Nurses' feelings and thoughts about using physical restraints on hospitalized older patients. (
  • Aim: To determine the experiences, attitudes and opinions of adult intensive care nurses in relation to the application of physical restraint. (
  • Nurses were happy to discuss the use of restraint with families. (
  • Several reports that used interviews reveal that nurses are very aware and concerned about the use of restraints.1 For example, a survey conducted by RN showed no ardent advocates for restraints.2 For the most part, their readership just considered them a necessary evil. (
  • Their results demonstrated a lack of consensus among nurses regarding the use of restraints and the use of alternative measures. (
  • In addition, the lack of a sufficient amount of empirical data indicates that more comprehensive studies are needed to determine the current perceptions or attitudes of nurses regarding the use of physical restraints. (
  • This study aimed to determine paediatric nurses' ideas and attitudes towards physical restraint in Turkey, the consent obtained, physical restraint types used in paediatric units and complications developing in children subjected to physical restraint. (
  • 66.9% of nurses reported that nurse shortages were the main reason for increased physical restraint applications, 58.7% tried alternative methods, and 71.1% indicated no need of written orders for physical restraint use. (
  • Physical restraint decreased while the mother accompanied her child (P = 0.0001) and increased while inexperienced clinic nurses were in charge (P = 0.003). (
  • Do nurses really overcome children's physical and mental handicaps? (
  • Facilitate decision making on the basis of historic and forecast data and understand the drivers and restraints on the market. (
  • Incidents in which both seclusion and restraint occurred simultaneously are counted as separate instances and therefore the total number of individual students involved in seclusion or restraint combined is unattainable due to issues of double counting. (
  • Unfortunately, some students with emotional and behavioral challenges and disorders experience seclusion or restraint instead. (
  • Further research is required into the safety of physical restraint, alternative methods of managing the risk of agitation and identifying predisposing factors to accidental device removal. (
  • Justifications for restraint use including risk for falls, agitation, body alignment problems and aggressiveness were associated with the use of physical restraints. (
  • Thirty (24.8%) respondents reported that children under physical restraint had developed various complications, for example, oedema and cyanosis by arm and wrist restraint, food rejection and agitation. (
  • Australian Healthcare Associates (AHA) is consulting with consumers and aged care staff on behalf of the department as part of a legislated review of new laws that aim to minimise the inappropriate use of restraint in residential aged care. (
  • These include chairs that prevent rising, wrist restraints, seclusion rooms or acute control medications . (
  • It seems that he was tied to his bed with leg, waist and wrist restraints almost the entire time he was in the hospital. (
  • Examples of restraints include vest or wrist restraints, geriatric chairs with tables, and bed side rails. (
  • Wrist (96.7%), ankle (81.0%), and whole body (17.4%) restraints were all used. (
  • Dr. Nauert began his career as a clinical physical therapist and served as a regional manager for a publicly traded multidisciplinary rehabilitation agency for 12 years. (
  • From preventative services in the workplace and athletic training support to home health, outpatient clinical services and online physical therapy via ATI CONNECT™, a complete list of our service offerings can be found at (
  • In most places, legal restrictions apply to the use of restraints in clinical settings. (
  • This is a 1 day course that covers a basic introduction to managing challenging behaviour and de-escalation techniques as well as exploring the law regarding physical intervention and restraint. (
  • This study assessed family caregivers' and home care providers' knowledge and perceptions of physical restraint used with elders living at home in Japan, a country with the highest proportion of elders in the world and where family caregiving is common. (
  • Knowledge and perceptions of physical restraints differed between family caregivers and home care providers and were also diverse among home care providers. (
  • Because both groups might be involved in physical restraint use with home-dwelling elders, home care providers should acquire standardized and appropriate knowledge and perceptions of physical restraints to help family caregivers minimize abusive physical restraint use. (
  • Unexpected death related to restraint for excited delirium: a retrospective study of deaths in police custody and in the community. (
  • In this study the authors determined the frequency of physical restraint among people in a state of excited delirium who died unexpectedly. (
  • Restraint may contribute to the death of people in states of excited delirium, and further studies to test this hypothesis are recommended. (
  • A medical examiner concluded that Prude's death was a homicide caused by "complications of asphyxia in the setting of physical restraint. (
  • 4 , 10 In addition, studies show that restraints may actually increase the risk of serious injury from bed-related falls 4 , 5 , 10 and are associated with a number of well-known complications ( Table 1 10 - 16 ). (
  • Physical restraint, although controversial, is still common in paediatric units in Turkey and creates complications, which were observed or investigated by researchers. (
  • Nationally, and in Illinois, it is legal to use physical restraints to further a patient's safety and protection, yet it is illegal to do so for disciplinary reasons or for the staff's convenience. (
  • Restraints in a medical setting are devices that limit a patient's movement. (
  • A physical restraint is any device that restricts a patient's movement and cannot be removed easily by the patient. (
  • Guidelines for restraint use suggest using the least restrictive device necessary, reassessing the patient's response frequently, removing the restraint periodically, and renewing orders every 24 hours only after evaluation by a physician. (
  • The device consists of cuffs which are wrapped around the patient's wrists or ankles, and straps that are attached to the frame of their bed or a restraint chair. (
  • This valuable resource covers the fundamentals of wildlife rescue, from 'phone to field', including safe and successful capture strategies, handling and restraint techniques and initial aid. (
  • 8. Physical Restraint and Handling (Murray E. Fowler). (
  • Depending on the duration and severity, psychological tension and physical stress can enhance or suppress the immune system in both humans and animals. (
  • Numerous studies have revealed that exhausting physical activity and severe environmental and/or psychological stress have strong suppressive effects on the immune system ( 14 ). (
  • Interestingly, acute psychological stressors and moderate physical exercise transiently enhance immune responses ( 10 )( 11 )( 20 )( 21 )( 22 )( 23 ). (
  • Limb restraints can be physical (or psychological) restraints that inhibit an individual's movement in their arms or legs. (
  • 4 , 5 Restraints are most commonly used to prevent falls, wandering, and disruption of therapy. (
  • The most commonly used type of limb restraints are fabric restraints. (
  • A new Canadian study finds that psychiatric hospital providers continue to use intervention techniques such as physical restraint and confinement. (
  • Physical restraint or confinement. (
  • On May 30, 2021, the Illinois legislature passed HB219, which will further restrict the use of time out and physical restraint in Illinois schools. (
  • Physical restraints restrict or control movement or behaviour. (
  • Environmental restraints change or modify a person's surroundings to restrict or control movement, for example, a locked door. (
  • In this study, a physical restraint is defined as a device or garment used to restrict the movement of a patient in a chair or bed. (
  • Four-point restraints heavily restrict the movement of a patient, and may render the patient helpless when s/he needs to move in an emergency. (
  • Validity and measurement invariance of the Physical Restraint Use Questionnaire (PRUQ) in nursing staff. (
  • For the primary aim, the independent variable (dietary restraint) was assessed using the Three Factor Eating Questionnaire, Dietary Restraint subscale and the dependent variable was change in body weight during follow-up. (
  • Imagining your elderly loved one secured by physical restraints is probably enough to bring tears to your eyes. (
  • Now don't get us wrong, physical restraints can become necessary- in limited circumstances-for the safety of an elderly patient. (
  • Using physical restraint (PR) for hospitalized elderly people is a major nursing challenge. (
  • Physical assessment of elderly individuals can present many challenges. (
  • Why do we use physical restraints in the elderly? (
  • 7. Preventive Health Care and Physical Examination (Susan K. Mikota). (
  • Instead, the new version of Chapter 33 states "no physical restraint may be used that restricts the free movement of the diaphragm or chest or that restricts the airway so as to interrupt normal breathing or speech. (
  • A restraint is anything that restricts or controls a person's movement or behaviour. (
  • The effectiveness of physical restraints in reducing falls a. (
  • Over the past 20 years, it has become increasingly clear that routine adoption of physical restraints and bed side rails for patient safety preceded evidence of their effectiveness. (
  • Ongoing assessment of the underlying condition that prompted restraint use, early referral to a multidisciplinary team or geriatric specialist, and staff education are key to appropriate restraint use. (
  • Prevalence and variation of physical restraint use in acute care settings in the US. (
  • While fabric restraints can be applied by a nurse temporarily while awaiting for a physician's order in an acute care setting, leather restraints can only be applied if pre-authorized by a physician. (
  • The influence of restraint condition on the resulting physical and mechanical properties was evaluated. (
  • Adults who are not properly trained to distinguish these 'behaviors' or to decipher the 'communication' attempts can sometimes escalate the child to a critical point when the use of physical and/or mechanical restraint comes into play. (
  • Each record contains the total number of incidents of seclusion and restraint in a given school, as well as the number of students involved, disaggregated by students with disabilities. (
  • [3] Birth defects may result in disabilities that may be physical , intellectual , or developmental . (
  • Webinar: Students with Disabilities and the Use of Restraint and Seclusion in K-12 Public Schools - technical assistance to support children with disabilities and support the needs of those within school systems serving students. (
  • The Dear Colleague letter (DCL) and Question and Answer Document (Fact Sheet) - additional information about the legal limitations on use of restraint or seclusion to assist school districts in meeting their obligations to students with disabilities. (
  • People with learning disabilities often present late with serious illnesses so carry out diagnostic tests wherever you see unexplained symptoms or physical changes. (
  • In the context of learning disabilities this means that 'symptoms of physical ill health are mistakenly attributed to either a mental health/behavioural problem or as being inherent in the person's learning disabilities' (Emerson and Baines, 2010). (
  • The use of seclusion and restraint creates significant risks for people with psychiatric disabilities. (
  • The changes to Chapter 33 limit the use of restraints and seclusion to situations in which "a student presents imminent risk of injury or harm to the student or others" and where less intensive interventions been unsuccessful. (
  • Restraints can help keep a person from getting hurt or doing harm to others, including their caregivers. (
  • Restraints should not cause harm or be used as punishment. (
  • A child who is violent or agitated may need restraints so that he does not harm himself or others. (
  • The Keeping All Students Safe Act, which addresses much of this harm, is consistent with social science's best knowledge on how keep students free of the harm caused by unnecessary seclusion and restraint. (
  • Using restraints to manage behaviour in the belief that less harm will be done if the person is restrained is inappropriate and debilitating. (
  • As a medical restraint, limb restraints are soft, padded cuffs which are applied to a patient to prevent the patient from causing harm to themselves or to others. (
  • Threat - the implication or expression of intent to inflict physical harm or actions that a reasonable person would interpret as endangering physical safety or property. (
  • Emerging evidence suggests that physical restraint in certain positions may contribute to such deaths. (
  • The 'Physical Identity and Access Management (PIAM) Software Market - Growth, Trends, COVID-19 Impact, and Forecasts (2021 - 2026)' report has been added to's offering. (
  • The physical identity and access management (PIAM) software market is expected to register a CAGR of 13% during the forecast period (2021 - 2026). (
  • OBJECTIVES To evaluate the effects of a restraint minimization education program on staff knowledge and attitudes and use of physical restraints. (
  • Use of physical restraints in rehabilitation settings: staff knowledge, attitudes and predictors. (
  • In order to prevent human rights violations and deaths from occurring in psychiatric medical care, require a visual record, such as a video recording, whenever physical restraints are used. (
  • AHA is seeking the views of residential aged care management and staff (nursing and allied health staff and personal care workers) as part of a review of the Restraints Principles. (
  • Even if you're not aware of the Restraints Principles, AHA would still like to hear your views on the use of restraint in residential aged care. (
  • Full-time-equivalent (FTE) nurse aides per resident, FTE RNs per resident, average occupancy, Herfindahl index, Alzheimer's special care unit, and Medicaid reimbursement policy were facility-level variables significantly associated with the use of restraints. (
  • Restraint Use in Older Adults Receiving Home Care. (
  • Physical restraint use in intensive care units across Europe: the PRICE study. (
  • Caregivers in a hospital can use restraints in emergencies or when they are needed for medical care. (
  • CWLA is grateful for the attention to the use of seclusion and restraints and strongly supports the establishment of national standards to care safely and appropriately for children and young people. (
  • Because of the Department's interest in expanding the seclusion and restraints standard to "other settings and services," we wish to comment on their applicability to residential group care services for children. (
  • Administrators sought to foster a culture of care where seclusion and restraint was seen as a treatment failure, not as a treatment option, and where all staff focused on contraindications to safety and not merely violence prevention. (
  • Restraints may be needed so healthcare providers can safely provide immediate and necessary care. (
  • Your child has the right to safe care and to be treated with respect when restraints are used. (
  • Some adult intensive care units within the UK are starting to adopt physical restraint as a method of managing unwanted behaviours. (
  • Quality Care Without Restraints [video and workbooks]. (
  • This wide variation may be explained by definitions of physical restraints used, study sample sizes, characteristics of care settings, and residents' characteristics and cognitive status. (
  • Furthermore, it is also not clear how home care providers who support family caregivers perceive the use of physical restraint in elders' homes. (
  • Family caregivers were aware of significantly fewer recognized prohibited physical restraint procedures and recognized harmful effects of physical restraint than home care providers, and differences among home care providers were significant. (
  • The average importance rating from 1 ( least ) to 5 ( most ) of the 17 reasons for requiring physical restraints was significantly higher among family caregivers than home care providers, and significantly different among the home care providers. (
  • While 20.1% of family caregivers had wavered over using physical restraints, 40.5% of home care providers had seen physical restraints used in elders' homes and 16.7% had advised physical restraint use or used physical restraints themselves. (
  • However, no studies have investigated how home care providers who support family caregivers perceive physical restraints used in elders' homes. (
  • In the mid-1900s, many acute and long-term care facilities began routine adoption of physical restraints and bed side rails in an effort to curtail patient falls and reduce liability concerns. (
  • Educational intervention on physical restraint use in long-term care facilities - Systematic review and meta-analysis. (
  • Is an unhealthy work environment in nursing home care for people with dementia associated with the prescription of psychotropic drugs and physical restraints? (
  • Limb restraints are often used on a combative or disoriented patient who is using his/her arms or legs to strike at staff or others, to pull important medical apparatus, such as an IV tube or catheter, out of their body, or to otherwise interfere with their care. (
  • Able Training, specialists in managing aggression and violence and the workplace providing first aid, food safety, conflict management, physical intervention, child and adult care training and more. (
  • Physical restraint use in Turkish intensive care units. (
  • Herb said that she wished the rule explicitly banned holds known as "prone restraints," which typically involve holding a student face down on the floor. (
  • Prone restraints can injure students, and in some national cases, students have died after being restrained. (
  • Your child may become more angry or violent while in restraints or seclusion. (
  • 17 - 19 Restraints may, however, be temporarily required to control violent behavior or to prevent the removal of important equipment, such as endotracheal tubes, intra-arterial devices, and catheters. (
  • In May 2017, my son Kelly Savage, who worked as an English teacher in Japan, died after being found in cardiopulmonary arrest while he was tied to his bed with physical restraints in a psychiatric hospital in Kanagawa prefecture. (
  • The government should demonstrate leadership by setting targets with specified dates by which both the number of people in physical restraints and the time period of restraints are reduced. (
  • Many, if not most, people have one or more minor physical anomalies if examined carefully. (
  • This graph shows the total number of publications written about "Restraint, Physical" by people in this website by year, and whether "Restraint, Physical" was a major or minor topic of these publications. (
  • Below are the most recent publications written about "Restraint, Physical" by people in Profiles. (
  • Shortly after this series was published, the General Accounting Office (1999) followed with a report, Improper Restraint or Seclusion Use Places People at Risk [PDF]. (
  • Hard" jobs can be redesigned to be within the physical strength capability of most people. (
  • Physical ailments, such as urinary tract infections or incontinence problems, restless leg syndrome or sleep apnea (an abnormal breathing pattern in which people briefly stop breathing many times a night) can cause or worsen sleep problems. (
  • Historically, people have used many pejorative terms to describe/label cases of significant physical malformations. (
  • Limb restraints are a sexual fetish for some people, and are used in some BDSM activities, such as in spreadeagle bondage. (
  • Nursing staff members' intentions to use physical restraints with older people: testing the theory of reasoned action. (
  • Treatments that may be helpful for younger adults may not be safe or reliable in older people, because of physical changes that take place as we get older. (
  • In the 1993 cohort activities of daily living (ADL) scores, cognitive performance scale (CPS) scores, age, taking antipsychotic medications, a history of falls, and mobility problems were resident-level variables significantly associated with the use of restraints. (
  • Seclusion and restraints must only be used in emergency situations to protect the safety of the patient and others. (
  • The bill limits restraints to situations where the student's behavior poses an immediate danger of physical injury to the student or others, the restraint doesn't interfere with the student's ability to communicate, and the restraint occurs after less restrictive interventions have failed to stop the danger. (
  • basic guiding and holding/restraint techniques for varying risk levels and situations. (
  • The study suggests that earlier detection of illness or deterioration would help avoid patient crisis and minimize the use of physical restraint, sedation or seclusion. (
  • CWLA strongly agrees that seclusion and restraints should never be used - in any setting - "as a means of coercion, discipline, convenience, or retaliation by staff. (
  • Seclusion and restraint should never be used for the purposes of discipline, coercion, or staff convenience, or as a replacement for adequate levels of staff or active treatment. (
  • The major changes to Chapter 33 include clearer definitions of restraint and seclusion. (
  • Pre-existing conditions Pre-existing diseases, Different methods tailored to the operation chemica hand are used in the field and include Direct physical restraint-mostly appropriate for small birds and reptiles and not suited for use in larger free-roaming wildlife. (
  • Alternative strategies that may help reduce unnecessary and potentially hazardous physical restraint and side-rail use include fall prevention programs, new beds or bed modifications, and restraint-free environments, which employ a number of alternative measures for preventing and managing problematic behaviors ( Table 2 20 , 22 - 26 ). (
  • A senior manager has undertaken academic, research-based study, on the emotional impact of physical restraint. (
  • We present a case-study in which a patient developed a pulmonary embolism after being immobilised after a short period while subjected to physical restraint. (
  • The study reported here was designed to meet this research need and thus provide a data base for the development of intervention strategies aimed at helping nursing staff cope with their concerns regarding the use of restraints. (
  • This definition was formulated based on a study conducted by Janelli6 in which nursing home administrators were surveyed as to their policies and procedures regarding the use of restraints. (
  • The current study examined the association between pretreatment dietary restraint and longer-term weight change in the context of a weight gain prevention program. (
  • It's part of the job, but it spoils the job': a phenomenological study of physical restraint. (
  • Restraints can also be used to control or prevent harmful behavior. (
  • Relying on restraints discourages caregivers from trying to find the cause of the person's distress that led to using the restraint. (
  • The use of physical restraints by family caregivers with home-dwelling elders has not been extensively studied but it might be widespread. (
  • 2004) introduced a program to reduce physical restraint in three psychiatric units of a university hospital. (
  • Physical restraint could be reduced by a wiser combination of education and expert consultation in paediatric units in Turkey, although further detailed research is needed. (
  • They may be attached to a person's body or create physical barriers. (
  • Try to make the use of restraints, when they are necessary, a useful tool that preserves the person's dignity. (
  • Inorder to better protect a person's physical identity credentials, as well as digital identity, from a potential loss or threat, the convergence of physical and logical security and identity authentication methods play an important role. (
  • When restraints occur, I see scant regard for the person's feelings whilst they are being held. (
  • A nurse who has special training in using restraints can begin to use them. (
  • No nurse had received any verbal or written consent from children or surrogates and 96.7% used physical restraint without any verbal or written physician order. (
  • The use of physical restraints poses dilemmas for die nursing staff. (
  • We propose that, to date, the NHRA may have been successful in reducing the use of physical restraints, but it appears to have had less impact on the types of residents who are restrained. (
  • Maria Taylor, Co Principal, on Wishmore Cross Academy's aim of reducing restraint and physical intervention, including the justification behind the plan, and the results. (
  • It quickly became apparent that if we were to be successful in reducing the use of restrictive physical interventions, we needed to support the mental health needs of our pupils rather than concentrating on their behaviour, which was a result of not having their mental health needs met. (
  • In addition to achieving our goal of reducing the use of restrictive physical intervention, the implementation of the programme has also resulted in unexpected but significant improvements in other key performance indicators. (
  • Checklist for assessing your organization's readiness for reducing seclusion and restraint. (
  • Risk factors for physical restraint use in nursing homes: pre- and post-implementation of the Nursing Home Reform Act. (
  • The purposes of this article are (1) to identify resident and facility risk factors for the use of physical restraints since the implementation of the Nursing Home Reform Act (NHRA), and (2) to compare these results with resident and facility risk factors for the use of physical restraints prior to the implementation of the NHRA. (
  • It is crucial to be watchful if a nursing home facility is using physical restraints on your loved one. (
  • The German law is explicit, allowing physical restraints in nursing only as an exception. (
  • Effect of a guideline-based multicomponent intervention on use of physical restraints in nursing homes: a randomized controlled trial. (
  • This is not surprising because the application of some form of restraint is practiced in almost all nursing home facilities. (
  • The results of the research suggest that the use of restraints does have a subjective impact on nursing staff. (
  • We determined the sensitivity and specificity of physical restraint use a) reported by nursing staff and b) reviewed from medical and nursing records in nursing home settings, by comparing these methods with direct observation. (
  • Physical restraint use was assessed the day following three periods of direct observation by two different means: interview with one or several members of the regular nursing staff, and review of medical and nursing records. (
  • Compared to direct observation (gold standard), reported restraint use by nursing staff yielded a sensitivity of 87.4% at a specificity of 93.7% (phi = 0.84). (
  • The interview of nursing staff and the review of medical and nursing records are both valid and reliable techniques for measuring physical restraint use among nursing home residents. (
  • Although predominantly intended as protective devices, physical restraints in nursing homes are being denunciated as measures that go conversely with the aforementioned principles [ 5 ]. (
  • Preventing the use of physical restraints on residents newly admitted to psycho-geriatric nursing home wards: a cluster-randomized trial. (
  • Restraints may be used to keep a person in proper position and prevent movement or falling during surgery or while on a stretcher. (
  • The most common limb restraint is physical, whereby restraints are fixed to the individual in order to prevent movement of the limbs. (
  • When the 1990 cohort was compared to the 1993 cohort (pre- and post-NHRA), however, only three risk factors for the use of restraints were significant. (
  • Victims of illegal use of restraints at risk, physically and emotionally. (
  • In light of these potential serious consequences, seclusion and restraint should be used only when there exists an imminent risk of danger to the individual or others and no other safe and effective intervention is possible. (
  • dynamic risk assessment principles to help staff recognise the appropriate course of action and then the law regarding physical intervention. (