Invasion of the host RESPIRATORY SYSTEM by microorganisms, usually leading to pathological processes or diseases.
Diseases in any part of the BILIARY TRACT including the BILE DUCTS and the GALLBLADDER.
Pneumovirus infections caused by the RESPIRATORY SYNCYTIAL VIRUSES. Humans and cattle are most affected but infections in goats and sheep have been reported.
A group of viruses in the PNEUMOVIRUS genus causing respiratory infections in various mammals. Humans and cattle are most affected but infections in goats and sheep have also been reported.
The type species of PNEUMOVIRUS and an important cause of lower respiratory disease in infants and young children. It frequently presents with bronchitis and bronchopneumonia and is further characterized by fever, cough, dyspnea, wheezing, and pallor.
A genus of the subfamily PNEUMOVIRINAE, containing two members: Turkey rhinotracheitis virus and a human Metapneumovirus. Virions lack HEMAGGLUTININ and NEURAMINIDASE.
A genus in the subfamily PARVOVIRINAE comprising three species: Bovine parvovirus, Canine minute virus, and HUMAN BOCAVIRUS.
A species of the genus VESIVIRUS infecting cats. Transmission occurs via air and mechanical contact.
Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent infection with RESPIRATORY SYNCYTIAL VIRUSES.
Virus diseases caused by the CORONAVIRUS genus. Some specifics include transmissible enteritis of turkeys (ENTERITIS, TRANSMISSIBLE, OF TURKEYS); FELINE INFECTIOUS PERITONITIS; and transmissible gastroenteritis of swine (GASTROENTERITIS, TRANSMISSIBLE, OF SWINE).
A member of the family PARVOVIRIDAE, subfamily PARVOVIRINAE, originally isolated from human nasopharyngeal aspirates in patients with respiratory disease.
Infections with viruses of the genus RESPIROVIRUS, family PARAMYXOVIRIDAE. Host cell infection occurs by adsorption, via HEMAGGLUTININ, to the cell surface.
Virus infections caused by the PARVOVIRIDAE.
A genus of the family CORONAVIRIDAE which causes respiratory or gastrointestinal disease in a variety of vertebrates.
Infections with species of the genus MYCOPLASMA.
A species of RESPIROVIRUS frequently isolated from small children with pharyngitis, bronchitis, and pneumonia.
Inflammation of the lung parenchyma that is caused by a viral infection.
The tubular and cavernous organs and structures, by means of which pulmonary ventilation and gas exchange between ambient air and the blood are brought about.
An infant during the first month after birth.
Pathological processes of the URINARY TRACT in both males and females.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Diseases of domestic cattle of the genus Bos. It includes diseases of cows, yaks, and zebus.
Disease having a short and relatively severe course.
Immunoglobulins produced in response to VIRAL ANTIGENS.
Proteins, usually glycoproteins, found in the viral envelopes of a variety of viruses. They promote cell membrane fusion and thereby may function in the uptake of the virus by cells.
Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.
Diseases in any part of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT or the accessory organs (LIVER; BILIARY TRACT; PANCREAS).
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
Presence or formation of GALLSTONES in the BILIARY TRACT, usually in the gallbladder (CHOLECYSTOLITHIASIS) or the common bile duct (CHOLEDOCHOLITHIASIS).
The confinement of a patient in a hospital.
Agents used in the prophylaxis or therapy of VIRUS DISEASES. Some of the ways they may act include preventing viral replication by inhibiting viral DNA polymerase; binding to specific cell-surface receptors and inhibiting viral penetration or uncoating; inhibiting viral protein synthesis; or blocking late stages of virus assembly.
The process of intracellular viral multiplication, consisting of the synthesis of PROTEINS; NUCLEIC ACIDS; and sometimes LIPIDS, and their assembly into a new infectious particle.
The duct which coveys URINE from the pelvis of the KIDNEY through the URETERS, BLADDER, and URETHRA.
Inflammation of the GALLBLADDER; generally caused by impairment of BILE flow, GALLSTONES in the BILIARY TRACT, infections, or other diseases.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
Diseases of the domestic cat (Felis catus or F. domesticus). This term does not include diseases of the so-called big cats such as CHEETAHS; LIONS; tigers, cougars, panthers, leopards, and other Felidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.
Diseases in any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM.
Endoscopes for examining the interior of the esophagus.
Endoscopes used for examining the interior of the stomach.
Inflammatory responses of the epithelium of the URINARY TRACT to microbial invasions. They are often bacterial infections with associated BACTERIURIA and PYURIA.
Low-density crystals or stones in any part of the URINARY TRACT. Their chemical compositions often include CALCIUM OXALATE, magnesium ammonium phosphate (struvite), CYSTINE, or URIC ACID.
Inflammation of the VULVA. It is characterized by PRURITUS and painful urination.
Surgical removal of the GALLBLADDER.
Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.
A genus of gram-negative, mostly facultatively anaerobic bacteria in the family MYCOPLASMATACEAE. The cells are bounded by a PLASMA MEMBRANE and lack a true CELL WALL. Its organisms are pathogens found on the MUCOUS MEMBRANES of humans, ANIMALS, and BIRDS.
The top portion of the pharynx situated posterior to the nose and superior to the SOFT PALATE. The nasopharynx is the posterior extension of the nasal cavities and has a respiratory function.
Solid crystalline precipitates in the BILIARY TRACT, usually formed in the GALLBLADDER, resulting in the condition of CHOLELITHIASIS. Gallstones, derived from the BILE, consist mainly of calcium, cholesterol, or bilirubin.
The cartilaginous and membranous tube descending from the larynx and branching into the right and left main bronchi.
Pathological processes of the PANCREAS.
Generally refers to the digestive structures stretching from the MOUTH to ANUS, but does not include the accessory glandular organs (LIVER; BILIARY TRACT; PANCREAS).
Gram-negative aerobic cocci of low virulence that colonize the nasopharynx and occasionally cause MENINGITIS; BACTEREMIA; EMPYEMA; PERICARDITIS; and PNEUMONIA.
The mucous lining of the NASAL CAVITY, including lining of the nostril (vestibule) and the OLFACTORY MUCOSA. Nasal mucosa consists of ciliated cells, GOBLET CELLS, brush cells, small granule cells, basal cells (STEM CELLS) and glands containing both mucous and serous cells.
Impairment of bile flow due to obstruction in small bile ducts (INTRAHEPATIC CHOLESTASIS) or obstruction in large bile ducts (EXTRAHEPATIC CHOLESTASIS).
Impairment of bile flow in the large BILE DUCTS by mechanical obstruction or stricture due to benign or malignant processes.
An emulsifying agent produced in the LIVER and secreted into the DUODENUM. Its composition includes BILE ACIDS AND SALTS; CHOLESTEROL; and ELECTROLYTES. It aids DIGESTION of fats in the duodenum.
A species of HAEMOPHILUS found on the mucous membranes of humans and a variety of animals. The species is further divided into biotypes I through VIII.
A storage reservoir for BILE secretion. Gallbladder allows the delivery of bile acids at a high concentration and in a controlled manner, via the CYSTIC DUCT to the DUODENUM, for degradation of dietary lipid.
INFLAMMATION of the PANCREAS. Pancreatitis is classified as acute unless there are computed tomographic or endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatographic findings of CHRONIC PANCREATITIS (International Symposium on Acute Pancreatitis, Atlanta, 1992). The two most common forms of acute pancreatitis are ALCOHOLIC PANCREATITIS and gallstone pancreatitis.
A general term for diseases produced by viruses.
Fiberoptic endoscopy designed for duodenal observation and cannulation of VATER'S AMPULLA, in order to visualize the pancreatic and biliary duct system by retrograde injection of contrast media. Endoscopic (Vater) papillotomy (SPHINCTEROTOMY, ENDOSCOPIC) may be performed during this procedure.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Inflammation of the large airways in the lung including any part of the BRONCHI, from the PRIMARY BRONCHI to the TERTIARY BRONCHI.
Immunoglobulins produced in a response to BACTERIAL ANTIGENS.
A gram-positive organism found in the upper respiratory tract, inflammatory exudates, and various body fluids of normal and/or diseased humans and, rarely, domestic animals.
Colloids with a gaseous dispersing phase and either liquid (fog) or solid (smoke) dispersed phase; used in fumigation or in inhalation therapy; may contain propellant agents.
A part of the upper respiratory tract. It contains the organ of SMELL. The term includes the external nose, the nasal cavity, and the PARANASAL SINUSES.
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
Infections with bacteria of the genus BORDETELLA.
Fibers that arise from cells within the cerebral cortex, pass through the medullary pyramid, and descend in the spinal cord. Many authorities say the pyramidal tracts include both the corticospinal and corticobulbar tracts.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
A catarrhal disorder of the upper respiratory tract, which may be viral or a mixed infection. It generally involves a runny nose, nasal congestion, and sneezing.
Infection of the lung often accompanied by inflammation.
The domestic cat, Felis catus, of the carnivore family FELIDAE, comprising over 30 different breeds. The domestic cat is descended primarily from the wild cat of Africa and extreme southwestern Asia. Though probably present in towns in Palestine as long ago as 7000 years, actual domestication occurred in Egypt about 4000 years ago. (From Walker's Mammals of the World, 6th ed, p801)
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
The proximal portion of the respiratory passages on either side of the NASAL SEPTUM. Nasal cavities, extending from the nares to the NASOPHARYNX, are lined with ciliated NASAL MUCOSA.
A species of BORDETELLA that is parasitic and pathogenic. It is found in the respiratory tract of domestic and wild mammalian animals and can be transmitted from animals to man. It is a common cause of bronchopneumonia in lower animals.
Infections with bacteria of the genus HAEMOPHILUS.
Infections with bacteria of the family NEISSERIACEAE.
Inflammation of the BRONCHIOLES.
The visualization of deep structures of the body by recording the reflections or echoes of ultrasonic pulses directed into the tissues. Use of ultrasound for imaging or diagnostic purposes employs frequencies ranging from 1.6 to 10 megahertz.
Delivery of medications through the nasal mucosa.
Virus diseases caused by the ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE.
The larger air passages of the lungs arising from the terminal bifurcation of the TRACHEA. They include the largest two primary bronchi which branch out into secondary bronchi, and tertiary bronchi which extend into BRONCHIOLES and PULMONARY ALVEOLI.
Infections by bacteria, general or unspecified.
Material coughed up from the lungs and expectorated via the mouth. It contains MUCUS, cellular debris, and microorganisms. It may also contain blood or pus.
Semidomesticated variety of European polecat much used for hunting RODENTS and/or RABBITS and as a laboratory animal. It is in the subfamily Mustelinae, family MUSTELIDAE.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Virus diseases caused by the PICORNAVIRIDAE.
A genus of PICORNAVIRIDAE inhabiting primarily the respiratory tract of mammalian hosts. It includes over 100 human serotypes associated with the COMMON COLD.
Any infection acquired in the community, that is, contrasted with those acquired in a health care facility (CROSS INFECTION). An infection would be classified as community-acquired if the patient had not recently been in a health care facility or been in contact with someone who had been recently in a health care facility.
A funnel-shaped fibromuscular tube that conducts food to the ESOPHAGUS, and air to the LARYNX and LUNGS. It is located posterior to the NASAL CAVITY; ORAL CAVITY; and LARYNX, and extends from the SKULL BASE to the inferior border of the CRICOID CARTILAGE anteriorly and to the inferior border of the C6 vertebra posteriorly. It is divided into the NASOPHARYNX; OROPHARYNX; and HYPOPHARYNX (laryngopharynx).
The type species of the genus INFLUENZAVIRUS A that causes influenza and other diseases in humans and animals. Antigenic variation occurs frequently between strains, allowing classification into subtypes and variants. Transmission is usually by aerosol (human and most non-aquatic hosts) or waterborne (ducks). Infected birds shed the virus in their saliva, nasal secretions, and feces.
Washing liquid obtained from irrigation of the lung, including the BRONCHI and the PULMONARY ALVEOLI. It is generally used to assess biochemical, inflammatory, or infection status of the lung.
The mucous membrane lining the RESPIRATORY TRACT, including the NASAL CAVITY; the LARYNX; the TRACHEA; and the BRONCHI tree. The respiratory mucosa consists of various types of epithelial cells ranging from ciliated columnar to simple squamous, mucous GOBLET CELLS, and glands containing both mucous and serous cells.
Inflammation of the lung parenchyma that is caused by bacterial infections.
Endogenous substances produced through the activity of intact cells of glands, tissues, or organs.
Inflammation of the MIDDLE EAR including the AUDITORY OSSICLES and the EUSTACHIAN TUBE.
Pathological processes of the LIVER.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Short filamentous organism of the genus Mycoplasma, which binds firmly to the cells of the respiratory epithelium. It is one of the etiologic agents of non-viral primary atypical pneumonia in man.
Inflammation of the throat (PHARYNX).
A sudden, audible expulsion of air from the lungs through a partially closed glottis, preceded by inhalation. It is a protective response that serves to clear the trachea, bronchi, and/or lungs of irritants and secretions, or to prevent aspiration of foreign materials into the lungs.
A tubular organ of VOICE production. It is located in the anterior neck, superior to the TRACHEA and inferior to the tongue and HYOID BONE.
Fluid obtained by THERAPEUTIC IRRIGATION or washout of the nasal cavity and NASAL MUCOSA. The resulting fluid is used in cytologic and immunologic assays of the nasal mucosa such as with the NASAL PROVOCATION TEST in the diagnosis of nasal hypersensitivity.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.
A group of organs stretching from the MOUTH to the ANUS, serving to breakdown foods, assimilate nutrients, and eliminate waste. In humans, the digestive system includes the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT and the accessory glands (LIVER; BILIARY TRACT; PANCREAS).
Infections with bacteria of the family MORAXELLACEAE.
An acute viral infection in humans involving the respiratory tract. It is marked by inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA; the PHARYNX; and conjunctiva, and by headache and severe, often generalized, myalgia.
Represents 15-20% of the human serum immunoglobulins, mostly as the 4-chain polymer in humans or dimer in other mammals. Secretory IgA (IMMUNOGLOBULIN A, SECRETORY) is the main immunoglobulin in secretions.
A subfamily of DNA vertebrate viruses, in the family PARVOVIRIDAE. There are three genera: PARVOVIRUS; ERYTHROVIRUS; and DEPENDOVIRUS.
Infections with bacteria of the species STREPTOCOCCUS PNEUMONIAE.
Minute infectious agents whose genomes are composed of DNA or RNA, but not both. They are characterized by a lack of independent metabolism and the inability to replicate outside living host cells.
Inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA in one or more of the PARANASAL SINUSES.
Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.
Inflammation of the tonsils, especially the PALATINE TONSILS but the ADENOIDS (pharyngeal tonsils) and lingual tonsils may also be involved. Tonsillitis usually is caused by bacterial infection. Tonsillitis may be acute, chronic, or recurrent.
The scroll-like bony plates with curved margins on the lateral wall of the NASAL CAVITY. Turbinates, also called nasal concha, increase the surface area of nasal cavity thus providing a mechanism for rapid warming and humidification of air as it passes to the lung.
The utilization of drugs as reported in individual hospital studies, FDA studies, marketing, or consumption, etc. This includes drug stockpiling, and patient drug profiles.
An acute inflammatory disease of the lower RESPIRATORY TRACT, caused by paramyxoviruses, occurring primarily in infants and young children; the viruses most commonly implicated are PARAINFLUENZA VIRUS TYPE 3; RESPIRATORY SYNCYTIAL VIRUS, HUMAN; and METAPNEUMOVIRUS.
Substances that prevent infectious agents or organisms from spreading or kill infectious agents in order to prevent the spread of infection.
Interstitial pneumonia caused by extensive infection of the lungs (LUNG) and BRONCHI, particularly the lower lobes of the lungs, by MYCOPLASMA PNEUMONIAE in humans. In SHEEP, it is caused by MYCOPLASMA OVIPNEUMONIAE. In CATTLE, it may be caused by MYCOPLASMA DISPAR.
Pathological processes involving any part of the LUNG.
Inflammation of the lung parenchyma that is associated with BRONCHITIS, usually involving lobular areas from TERMINAL BRONCHIOLES to the PULMONARY ALVEOLI. The affected areas become filled with exudate that forms consolidated patches.
The administration of drugs by the respiratory route. It includes insufflation into the respiratory tract.
Noises, normal and abnormal, heard on auscultation over any part of the RESPIRATORY TRACT.
Any tests that demonstrate the relative efficacy of different chemotherapeutic agents against specific microorganisms (i.e., bacteria, fungi, viruses).
A family of RNA viruses causing INFLUENZA and other diseases. There are five recognized genera: INFLUENZAVIRUS A; INFLUENZAVIRUS B; INFLUENZAVIRUS C; ISAVIRUS; and THOGOTOVIRUS.
A species of BORDETELLA with similar morphology to BORDETELLA PERTUSSIS, but growth is more rapid. It is found only in the RESPIRATORY TRACT of humans.
The viscous secretion of mucous membranes. It contains mucin, white blood cells, water, inorganic salts, and exfoliated cells.
All the organs involved in reproduction and the formation and release of URINE. It includes the kidneys, ureters, BLADDER; URETHRA, and the organs of reproduction - ovaries, UTERUS; FALLOPIAN TUBES; VAGINA; and CLITORIS in women and the testes; SEMINAL VESICLES; PROSTATE; seminal ducts; and PENIS in men.
An autosomal recessive genetic disease of the EXOCRINE GLANDS. It is caused by mutations in the gene encoding the CYSTIC FIBROSIS TRANSMEMBRANE CONDUCTANCE REGULATOR expressed in several organs including the LUNG, the PANCREAS, the BILIARY SYSTEM, and the SWEAT GLANDS. Cystic fibrosis is characterized by epithelial secretory dysfunction associated with ductal obstruction resulting in AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION; chronic RESPIRATORY INFECTIONS; PANCREATIC INSUFFICIENCY; maldigestion; salt depletion; and HEAT PROSTRATION.
Patterns of practice related to diagnosis and treatment as especially influenced by cost of the service requested and provided.
A group of often glycosylated macrocyclic compounds formed by chain extension of multiple PROPIONATES cyclized into a large (typically 12, 14, or 16)-membered lactone. Macrolides belong to the POLYKETIDES class of natural products, and many members exhibit ANTIBIOTIC properties.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents by inhaling them.
A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria that is the causative agent of WHOOPING COUGH. Its cells are minute coccobacilli that are surrounded by a slime sheath.
An EPITHELIUM with MUCUS-secreting cells, such as GOBLET CELLS. It forms the lining of many body cavities, such as the DIGESTIVE TRACT, the RESPIRATORY TRACT, and the reproductive tract. Mucosa, rich in blood and lymph vessels, comprises an inner epithelium, a middle layer (lamina propria) of loose CONNECTIVE TISSUE, and an outer layer (muscularis mucosae) of SMOOTH MUSCLE CELLS that separates the mucosa from submucosa.
A form of bronchial disorder with three distinct components: airway hyper-responsiveness (RESPIRATORY HYPERSENSITIVITY), airway INFLAMMATION, and intermittent AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION. It is characterized by spasmodic contraction of airway smooth muscle, WHEEZING, and dyspnea (DYSPNEA, PAROXYSMAL).
One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.
The female reproductive organs. The external organs include the VULVA; BARTHOLIN'S GLANDS; and CLITORIS. The internal organs include the VAGINA; UTERUS; OVARY; and FALLOPIAN TUBES.
Cells that line the inner and outer surfaces of the body by forming cellular layers (EPITHELIUM) or masses. Epithelial cells lining the SKIN; the MOUTH; the NOSE; and the ANAL CANAL derive from ectoderm; those lining the RESPIRATORY SYSTEM and the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM derive from endoderm; others (CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM and LYMPHATIC SYSTEM) derive from mesoderm. Epithelial cells can be classified mainly by cell shape and function into squamous, glandular and transitional epithelial cells.
Physiological processes and properties of the RESPIRATORY SYSTEM as a whole or of any of its parts.
A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria normally found in the flora of the mouth and respiratory tract of animals and birds. It causes shipping fever (see PASTEURELLOSIS, PNEUMONIC); HEMORRHAGIC BACTEREMIA; and intestinal disease in animals. In humans, disease usually arises from a wound infection following a bite or scratch from domesticated animals.
A genus of PASTEURELLACEAE that consists of several species occurring in animals and humans. Its organisms are described as gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, coccobacillus or rod-shaped, and nonmotile.
A species of CHLAMYDOPHILA that causes acute respiratory infection, especially atypical pneumonia, in humans, horses, and koalas.
A febrile disease caused by STREPTOCOCCUS PNEUMONIAE.
A semi-synthetic macrolide antibiotic structurally related to ERYTHROMYCIN. It has been used in the treatment of Mycobacterium avium intracellulare infections, toxoplasmosis, and cryptosporidiosis.
A genus of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria whose cells are minute coccobacilli. It consists of both parasitic and pathogenic species.
One or more layers of EPITHELIAL CELLS, supported by the basal lamina, which covers the inner or outer surfaces of the body.
The expelling of virus particles from the body. Important routes include the respiratory tract, genital tract, and intestinal tract. Virus shedding is an important means of vertical transmission (INFECTIOUS DISEASE TRANSMISSION, VERTICAL).
Physicochemical property of fimbriated (FIMBRIAE, BACTERIAL) and non-fimbriated bacteria of attaching to cells, tissue, and nonbiological surfaces. It is a factor in bacterial colonization and pathogenicity.
A multisystemic disease of a complex genetic background. It is characterized by inflammation of the blood vessels (VASCULITIS) leading to damage in any number of organs. The common features include granulomatous inflammation of the RESPIRATORY TRACT and kidneys. Most patients have measurable autoantibodies (ANTINEUTROPHIL CYTOPLASMIC ANTIBODIES) against neutrophil proteinase-3 (WEGENER AUTOANTIGEN).
The process of gaining approval by a government regulatory agency for DIAGNOSTIC REAGENTS AND TEST KITS. This includes any required preclinical or clinical testing, review, submission, and evaluation of the applications and test results, and post-marketing surveillance.
A species of RUBULAVIRUS associated particularly with acute laryngotracheitis (CROUP) in children aged 6 months to 3 years.
Infections caused by bacteria that show up as pink (negative) when treated by the gram-staining method.
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.
A fixed-ratio combination of amoxicillin trihydrate and potassium clavulanate.
Nonsusceptibility to the pathogenic effects of foreign microorganisms or antigenic substances as a result of antibody secretions of the mucous membranes. Mucosal epithelia in the gastrointestinal, respiratory, and reproductive tracts produce a form of IgA (IMMUNOGLOBULIN A, SECRETORY) that serves to protect these ports of entry into the body.
Compounds based on ERYTHROMYCIN with the 3-cladinose replaced by a ketone. They bind the 23S part of 70S bacterial RIBOSOMES.
A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic coccobacillus-shaped bacteria that has been isolated from pneumonic lesions and blood. It produces pneumonia with accompanying fibrinous pleuritis in swine.
The major immunoglobulin isotype class in normal human serum. There are several isotype subclasses of IgG, for example, IgG1, IgG2A, and IgG2B.
A species of RESPIROVIRUS also called hemadsorption virus 2 (HA2), which causes laryngotracheitis in humans, especially children.
A broad-spectrum penicillin antibiotic used orally in the treatment of mild to moderate infections by susceptible gram-positive organisms.
Round, granular, mononuclear phagocytes found in the alveoli of the lungs. They ingest small inhaled particles resulting in degradation and presentation of the antigen to immunocompetent cells.
Infections with bacteria of the genus PSEUDOMONAS.
Any infection which a patient contracts in a health-care institution.
A subfamily of the family MURIDAE comprised of 69 genera. New World mice and rats are included in this subfamily.
A genus of the family PARAMYXOVIRIDAE (subfamily PARAMYXOVIRINAE) where all the virions have both HEMAGGLUTININ and NEURAMINIDASE activities and encode a non-structural C protein. SENDAI VIRUS is the type species.
A species of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria commonly isolated from clinical specimens (wound, burn, and urinary tract infections). It is also found widely distributed in soil and water. P. aeruginosa is a major agent of nosocomial infection.
The degree of pathogenicity within a group or species of microorganisms or viruses as indicated by case fatality rates and/or the ability of the organism to invade the tissues of the host. The pathogenic capacity of an organism is determined by its VIRULENCE FACTORS.
The ability of bacteria to resist or to become tolerant to chemotherapeutic agents, antimicrobial agents, or antibiotics. This resistance may be acquired through gene mutation or foreign DNA in transmissible plasmids (R FACTORS).
The ability of microorganisms, especially bacteria, to resist or to become tolerant to chemotherapeutic agents, antimicrobial agents, or antibiotics. This resistance may be acquired through gene mutation or foreign DNA in transmissible plasmids (R FACTORS).
Directions written for the obtaining and use of DRUGS.
Persistent abnormal dilatation of the bronchi.
A group of QUINOLONES with at least one fluorine atom and a piperazinyl group.
An abnormal passage communicating between any component of the respiratory tract or between any part of the respiratory system and surrounding organs.
Infections with bacteria of the genus STREPTOCOCCUS.
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the bronchi.
The middle portion of the pharynx that lies posterior to the mouth, inferior to the SOFT PALATE, and superior to the base of the tongue and EPIGLOTTIS. It has a digestive function as food passes from the mouth into the oropharynx before entering ESOPHAGUS.

Respiratory symptoms and long-term risk of death from cardiovascular disease, cancer and other causes in Swedish men. (1/1792)

BACKGROUND: Depressed respiratory function and respiratory symptoms are associated with impaired survival. The present study was undertaken to assess the relation between respiratory symptoms and mortality from cardiovascular causes, cancer and all causes in a large population of middle-aged men. METHODS: Prospective population study of 6442 men aged 51-59 at baseline, free of clinical angina pectoris and prior myocardial infarction. RESULTS: During 16 years there were 1804 deaths (786 from cardiovascular disease, 608 from cancer, 103 from pulmonary disease and 307 from any other cause). Men with effort-related breathlessness had increased risk of dying from all of the examined diseases. After adjustment for age, smoking habit and other risk factors, the relative risk (RR) associated with breathlessness of dying from coronary disease was 1.43 (95% CI : 1.16-1.77), from stroke 1.77 (95% CI: 1.07-2.93), from any cardiovascular disease 1.48 (95% CI : 1.24-1.76), cancer 1.36 (95% CI : 1.11-1.67) and from any cause 1.62 (95% CI: 1.44-1.81). An independent effect of breathlessness on cardiovascular death, cancer death and mortality from all causes was found in life-time non-smokers, and also if men with chest pain not considered to be angina were excluded. An independent effect was also found if all deaths during the first half of the follow-up were excluded. Men with cough and phlegm, without breathlessness, also had an elevated risk of dying from cardiovascular disease and cancer, but after adjustment for smoking and other risk factors this was no longer significant. However, a slightly elevated independent risk of dying from any cause was found (RR = 1.18 [95% CI: 1.02-1.36]). CONCLUSION: A positive response to a simple question about effort related breathlessness predicted subsequent mortality from several causes during a follow-up period of 16 years, independently of smoking and other risk factors.  (+info)

SWORD '97: surveillance of work-related and occupational respiratory disease in the UK. (2/1792)

SWORD is one of seven clinically based reporting schemes which together now provide almost comprehensive coverage of occupational diseases across the UK. Although SWORD is now in its tenth year, participation rates remain high. Of an estimated 3,903 new cases seen this year, 1,031 (26%) were of occupational asthma, 978 (25%) of mesothelioma, 794 (20%) of non-malignant pleural disease, 336 (9%) of pneumoconiosis and 233 (6%) of inhalation accidents. Incidence rates of occupational asthma were generally highest among workers in the manufacture of wood products, textiles and food (particularly grain products and crustaceans) and additionally, in the production of precious and non-ferrous metals, rubber goods, detergents and perfumes, and in mining. Health care workers were noted to have a surprisingly high incidence of inhalation accidents. Occupational asthma attributed to latex has increased dramatically; the highest rates are among laboratory technicians, shoe workers and health care workers.  (+info)

Renal failure predisposes patients to adverse outcome after coronary artery bypass surgery. VA Cooperative Study #5. (3/1792)

BACKGROUND: More than 600,000 coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) procedures are done annually in the United States. Some data indicate that 10 to 20% of patients who are undergoing a CABG procedure have a serum creatinine of more than 1.5 mg/dl. There are few data on the impact of a mild increase in serum creatinine concentration on CABG outcome. METHODS: We analyzed a Veterans Affairs database obtained prospectively from 1992 through 1996 at 14 of 43 centers performing heart surgery. We compared the outcome after CABG in patients with a baseline serum creatinine of less than 1.5 mg/dl (median 1.1 mg/dl, N = 3271) to patients with a baseline serum creatinine of 1.5 to 3.0 mg/dl (median 1.7, N = 631). RESULTS: Univariate analysis revealed that patients with a serum creatinine of 1.5 to 3.0 mg/dl had a higher 30-day mortality (7% vs. 3%, P < 0.001) requirement for prolonged mechanical ventilation (15% vs. 8%, P = 0.001), stroke (7% vs. 2%, P < 0.001), renal failure requiring dialysis at discharge (3% vs. 1%, P < 0.001), and bleeding complications (8% vs. 3%, P < 0.001) than patients with a baseline serum creatinine of less than 1.5 mg/dl. Multiple logistic regression analyses found that patients with a baseline serum creatinine of less than 1.5 mg/dl had significantly lower (P < 0.02) 30-day mortality and postoperative bleeding and ventilatory complications than patients with a serum creatinine of 1.5 to 3.0 mg/dl when controlling for all other variables. CONCLUSION: These results demonstrate that mild renal failure is an independent risk factor for adverse outcome after CABG.  (+info)

Short-term associations between outdoor air pollution and visits to accident and emergency departments in London for respiratory complaints. (4/1792)

Many epidemiological studies have shown positive short-term associations between health and current levels of outdoor air pollution. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between air pollution and the number of visits to accident and emergency (A&E) departments in London for respiratory complaints. A&E visits include the less severe cases of acute respiratory disease and are unrestricted by bed availability. Daily counts of visits to 12 London A&E departments for asthma, other respiratory complaints, and both combined for a number of age groups were constructed from manual registers of visits for the period 1992-1994. A Poisson regression allowing for seasonal patterns, meteorological conditions and influenza epidemics was used to assess the associations between the number of visits and six pollutants: nitrogen dioxide, ozone, sulphur dioxide, carbon monoxide, and particles measured as black smoke (BS) and particles with a median aerodynamic diameter of <10 microm (PM10). After making an allowance for the multiplicity of tests, there remained strong associations between visits for all respiratory complaints and increases in SO2: a 2.8% (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.7-4.9) increase in the number of visits for a 18 microg x (-3) increase (10th-90th percentile range) and a 3.0% (95% CI 0.8-5.2) increase for a 31 microg x m(-3) increase in PM10. There were also significant associations between visits for asthma and SO2, NO2 and PM10. No significant associations between O3 and any of the respiratory complaints investigated were found. Because of the strong correlation between pollutants, it was difficult to identify a single pollutant responsible for the associations found in the analyses. This study suggests that the levels of air pollution currently experienced in London are linked to short-term increases in the number of people visiting accident and emergency departments with respiratory complaints.  (+info)

Fine particulate air pollution, resuspended road dust and respiratory health among symptomatic children. (5/1792)

The short-term association of particulate air pollution with peak expiratory flow rate (PEF) and respiratory symptoms was examined. Forty-nine children with chronic respiratory symptoms aged 8-13 yrs were followed daily for six weeks in spring, 1995, in Kuopio, Finland. Daily concentrations of particulate material with a 50% cut-off aerodynamic diameter < or = 10 microm and < or = 2.5 microm (PM10 and PM2.5, respectively), black carbon, and the number concentrations of particles from 0.01-10 microm diameter were measured. During the study period, PM10 were mainly resuspended soil and street dust, and the concentration was estimated using aluminum content of PM10 samples. No consistent effect of particles was found as the associations varied by lag. Of the lags examined, only 1-day lagged PM2.5 was statistically significantly associated with morning PEF (beta=-1.06, SE=0.52 (per interquartile increase in pollutant)). Evening PEF was significantly associated with the 1-day lagged number of particles in the size range 0.1-1.0 microm (beta=-1.56, SE=0.72). One-day lagged PM10, PM2.5-10, PM2.5 and resuspended PM10, and 4-day average of PM2.5 were significantly associated with increased risk of cough. Given the short duration of the study, separating the effects of different types of particles was difficult. The present study demonstrates the highly variable size and number distribution and chemical composition of particles in Finland, and underlines the importance of measuring the size and chemical composition of particles to determine which types of particles are associated with health effects.  (+info)

Health effects of passive smoking-10: Summary of effects of parental smoking on the respiratory health of children and implications for research. (6/1792)

BACKGROUND: Two recent reviews have assessed the effect of parental smoking on respiratory disease in children. METHODS: The results of the systematic quantitative review published as a series in Thorax are summarised and brought up to date by considering papers appearing on Embase or Medline up to June 1998. The findings are compared with those of the review published recently by the Californian Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Areas requiring further research are identified. RESULTS: Overall there is a very consistent picture with odds ratios for respiratory illnesses and symptoms and middle ear disease of between 1.2 and 1.6 for either parent smoking, the odds usually being higher in pre-school than in school aged children. For sudden infant death syndrome the odds ratio for maternal smoking is about 2. Significant effects from paternal smoking suggest a role for postnatal exposure to environmental tobacco smoke. Recent publications do not lead us to alter the conclusions of our earlier reviews. While essentially narrative rather than systematic and quantitative, the findings of the Californian EPA review are broadly similar. In addition they have reviewed studies of the effects of environmental tobacco smoke on children with cystic fibrosis and conclude from the limited evidence that there is a strong case for a relationship between parental smoking and admissions to hospital. They also review data from adults of the effects of acute exposure to environmental tobacco smoke under laboratory conditions which suggest acute effects on spirometric parameters rather than on bronchial hyperresponsiveness. It seems likely that such effects are also present in children. CONCLUSIONS: Substantial benefits to children would arise if parents stopped smoking after birth, even if the mother smoked during pregnancy. Policies need to be developed which reduce smoking amongst parents and protect infants and young children from exposure to environmental tobacco smoke. The weight of evidence is such that new prevalence studies are no longer justified. What are needed are studies which allow comparison of the effects of critical periods of exposure to cigarette smoke, particularly in utero, early infancy, and later childhood. Where longitudinal studies are carried out they should be analysed to look at the way in which changes in exposure are related to changes in outcome. Better still would be studies demonstrating reversibility of adverse effects, especially in asthmatic subjects or children with cystic fibrosis.  (+info)

Aspirated foreign bodies in the tracheobronchial tree: report of 250 cases. (7/1792)

During the last 14 years, 250 patients with aspirated foreign bodies in the tracheobronchial tree were admitted to Kuwait Chest Diseases Hospital. Ninety-six per cent of the cases were under 10 years of age and 38% gave a clear history of foreign body inhalation. The rest were diagnosed either clinically, from the chest radiograph findings or because of unexplained pulmonary symptoms. In 247 cases, bronchoscopy under general anaesthesia was successful in removing the foreign bodies. In only three cases was bronchotomy needed. Seventy per cent of the foreign bodies were melon seeds. Asphyxia and cardiac arrest occurred in four cases during bronchoscopy but the patients were successfully resuscitated. In 10 cases a tracheostomy was done before bronchoscopy and the removal of the foreign body, while in five it was needed after bronchoscopy. Fifteen patients developed late complications such as recurrent pneumonia or atelectasis of the lung. Early diagnosis and adequate treatment are essential to prevent pulmonary and cardiac complications and to avoid radical lung surgery.  (+info)

Sarcoidosis of the upper respiratory tract and its association with lupus pernio. (8/1792)

In a series of 34 patients with sarcoidosis affecting the upper respiratory tract and nose, 26 had lupus pernio (LP) and 17 had sarcoidosis of the upper respiratory tract (SURT). In nine patients these features coexisted. A patient presenting with SURT carried a 50% risk of developing LP although one feature could be present without the other. Both were disorders of women of the child-bearing years of life. SURT, like LP, was an indicator of chronic fibrotic sarcoidosis, developing insidiously and progressing indolently over the years. It was complicated by ulceration, septal perforation, and LP. Three patients had nasal septal perforations, in two instances following submucous resection. This operation is contraindicated in patients with active sarcoidosis, particularly when granulomas are found on nasal biopsy. The Kveim-Siltzbach skin test was positive in all patients with SURT, making it invaluable in the differential diagnosis of granuloma of the nasal cavity.  (+info)

TY - JOUR. T1 - Clinical validation of the Swedish version of Dyspnoea-12 instrument in outpatients with cardiorespiratory disease. AU - Sundh, Josefin. AU - Bornefalk, Hans. AU - Sköld, Carl Magnus. AU - Janson, Christer. AU - Blomberg, Anders. AU - Sandberg, Jacob. AU - Bornefalk-Hermansson, Anna. AU - Igelström, Helena. AU - Ekström, Magnus. PY - 2019. Y1 - 2019. N2 - Introduction Breathlessness is the cardinal symptom in both cardiac and respiratory diseases, and includes multiple dimensions. The multidimensional instrument Dyspnoea-12 has been developed to assess both physical and affective components of breathlessness. This study aimed to perform a clinical validation of the Swedish version of Dyspnoea-12 in outpatients with cardiorespiratory disease. Methods Stable outpatients with cardiorespiratory disease and self-reported breathlessness in daily life were recruited from five Swedish centres. Assessments of Dyspnoea-12 were performed at baseline, after 30-90 min and after 2 weeks. ...
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID\19) caused by serious acute respiratory symptoms\coronavirus 2 (SARS\CoV\2) is growing at an instant pace, as well as the global globe Health Organization declared it as pandemic on 11 March 2020. (83.3%) individuals had a coughing, shortness of breathing, and exhaustion. The additional symptoms had been myalgia (66.6%), gastrointestinal symptoms (33.3%\50%), and altered mental position (16.7%). The lab parameters consist of lymphopenia, raised erythrocyte sedimentation price, C\reactive proteins, lactate dehydrogenase, interleukin\6, serum ferritin, and D\dimer in every six (100%) individuals. The upper body X\ray at demonstration demonstrated bilateral infiltrates in every the individuals (100%). We also referred to electrocardiogram results, complications, and treatment during hospitalization in detail. One patient died during the hospital course. pneumonia is commonly seen in younger adults and is the common reason for atypical pneumonia. 5 The coinfection ...
Chronic respiratory diseases are chronic diseases of the airways and other structures of the lung. Some of the most common chronic respiratory diseases are: asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, occupational lung diseases and pulmonary hypertension. Chronic respiratory diseases constitute a public health problem that impose a substantial burden.. Although some chronic respiratory diseases cannot be cured, appropriate management can control the disease and enable people to enjoy a good quality of life. Smoke (tobacco smoke, smoke from wood-burning or kerosene stoves and fireplaces), aerosol sprays, strong odours (perfumes, cologne, gasoline fumes) and dust and air pollution can trigger attacks by irritating sensitive airways.. Smoking is very common in many countries of the Eastern Meditteranian Region. The WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control was developed in response to the globalization of the tobacco epidemic, with the aim of protecting billions of people from harmful exposure ...
Study shows how Portland trees curb asthma, other respiratory disease , Local Sustainable Life, Portland local Sustainable Life, Breaking Sustainable Life alerts for Portland city.
This testimony before the House Committee on Education and Labor, Subcommittee on Labor Standards, discussed the use of epidemiological data in the assessment of occupational respiratory respiratory disease, using cotton dust exposure as an example. Most occupational respiratory diseases are caused by more than one risk factor. It is important to determine whether adequate criteria exist to make r
Objectives: Little is known about the potential health effects of the coarse fraction of ambient particles. The aim of this study is to estimate the links between fine (PM2.5) and coarse particle (PM2.5−10) levels and cardiorespiratory hospitalisations in six French cities during 2000-2003.. Methods: Data on the daily numbers of hospitalisations for respiratory, cardiovascular, cardiac and ischaemic heart diseases were collected. Associations between exposure indicators and hospitalisations were estimated in each city using a Poisson regression model, controlling for confounding factors (seasons, days of the week, holidays, influenza epidemics, pollen counts, temperature) and temporal trends. City-specific findings were combined to obtain excess relative risks (ERRs) associated with a 10 μg/m3 increase in PM2.5 and PM2.5−10 levels.. Results: We found positive associations between indicators of particulate pollution and hospitalisations for respiratory infection, with an ERR of 4.4% (95% CI ...
This study is a prospective, single center study to determine the value of VRI images as an aid in determining whether a chest x ray is necessary to evaluate children presenting with acute respiratory complaints.. Study participants will be children, selected from the Emergency Department (ED), who were designated to undergo a PA and Left Lateral CXR because of acute respiratory complaints such as a new respiratory condition, acute cough, onset of shortness of breath, or fever.. Patients who meet the study inclusion and exclusion criteria will be enrolled and will be recorded by the VRI device.. A technician will perform a CXR on the enrolled patients. The CXR and the VRI will be performed on the same day within 6 hours of each other.. VRI readers, who are blinded to the patients CXR, history, and physical exam, will evaluate the VRI recording. The VRI reader will review the VRI images and, using the lexicon of images supplied by Deep Breeze, determine whether the VRI is normal or ...
PLoS One. ( 2019 Sep 6;14(9):e0221479. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0221479. eCollection 2019. Burden of influenza-associated respiratory hospitalizations in the Americas, 2010-2015. Palekar RS (
The VRI technology provides a radiation free dynamic image of the lung, by using a combination of well-known technologies, i.e. acoustic sensors, and a proprietary algorithm. The aim of the study is to determine if the VRI examination may contribute to the diagnosis and follow up of pneumonia in children, and therefore reduce the number of chest radiographs and the exposure to ionizing radiation. Children referred by ED for chest x-ray,for the evaluation of pneumonia, will undergo VRI as well. The two modalities will be read independently and then the findings will be compared, in order to asses the potential role of the VRI to the management of pneumonia in children ...
Profiles of antibodies towards the nucleocapsid proteins from the severe acute respiratory symptoms (SARS)-associated coronavirus in 445 possible SARS sufferers and 3,749 healthy people or non-SARS sufferers were analyzed by antigen-capturing enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. and non-SARS sufferers, just seven (0.187%) were weakly positive. The novel serious acute respiratory symptoms (SARS)-linked coronavirus (CoV) continues to be defined as the etiologic Rabbit polyclonal to MAP1LC3A. agent of SARS (1, 3, 5). Its been confirmed that, at least in early replies, the antibodies towards the nucleocapsid proteins (N proteins) predominate, as assayed by Traditional western blotting and proteomic evaluation. To comprehend the humoral immunity towards the N proteins of SARS CoV and the chance of using the N proteins in MP470 SARS medical diagnosis, antibodies towards the N proteins from 445 sufferers who acquired SARS most likely, as diagnosed based on World Health Firm requirements, from four ...
Healthy children in the ORChID community-based birth cohort experienced an incidence rate of 978 new VDEs per 100 child-years during the first 2 years of life, with HRV playing a dominant role. Overall, respiratory viruses were detected by PCR in regular weekly swabs at least once during 75% of ARIs, while in asymptomatic periods 23% of weekly nasal swabs were positive by PCR for respiratory viruses, accounting for 33% of all new VDEs. We demonstrated evidence of attribution for ARIs by RNA viruses, which included HRV (HRV-A, HRV-C), influenza (IFV-A), parainfluenza (PIV-1, PIV-3), RSV (RSV-A, RSV-B), HCoV (HCoV-OC43, HCoV-NL63) and HMPV; and AdV as the single DNA virus representative. All these viruses were detected significantly more often in children with an ARI than during asymptomatic periods and had statistically significant positive AFEs. The largest association was observed for RSV and HMPV, both of which were more strongly associated with LRTIs than other respiratory viruses. Increasing ...
The differential cytology reflected mainly that described for healthy infants with lymphocyte counts at the upper range level. A positive association between BAL CD8+ lymphocytes and neutrophils and endobronchial reticular basement membrane was found. Detectable levels of pro-inflammatory cytokine proteins IL-1β, IL-17A, IL-18, IL-23, and IL-33 were found, whereas levels of Th2-type cytokine proteins were low. Frequent wheeze was the only clinical characteristic significantly related to detectable combined pro-inflammatory cytokine profile. Lung function did not correlate with any cytokine ...
Veterinary respiratory diseases are the most common disease that affects livestock and small animals. Veterinary respiratory diseases are the second leading cause of mortality in various animals.
More than three billion people continue to rely on solid fuels as their primary source of domestic energy which is associated with elevated concentrations of indoor air pollutants and increased morbidity and mortality both in adults and children. In Myanmar, solid fuel including coal and biomass (such as dung, crop and charcoal) is the main source of energy used in households. A community-based pilot study was conducted in rural Myanmar with the aim to determine the prevalence of childhood respiratory symptoms in association with the use of biomass for cooking. A total of eighty households were recruited and monitored for exposure to particulate matter with size less than 2.5 µm in aerodynamic diameter (PM2.5) and carbon monoxide (CO). In addition, mothers were interviewed to understand their cooking habits, some house characteristics and childrens respiratory health. The study found that PM2.5 and CO were significant contributors for the prevalence of acute respiratory infections and trouble ...
During the Parma WHO 5th ministerial conference on environment and health HEAL coordinated a symposium on behalf of the European Respiratory Society, ERS - 10 March, 10.45-12.15. The title of the symposium was Environmental influences on childrens respiratory health.. The purpose of this workshop was to focus on the key environmental factors that influence children s respiratory health (environmental factors in outdoor and indoor air: traffic, industrial installations, pollen and other allergens, environmental tobacco smoke etc) and highlight linkages to policy such as the Parma Ministerial Declaration, CEHAPE and the EU Action Plan on Environment and Health. The medical and scientific evidence was presented and also the necessary policy recommendations and responses required to ensure an adequate protection of children s health. The workshop aimed to focus on the particular situation of children s lung health in Europe, where morbidity from respiratory conditions is expected to increase if ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Training needs for Ugandan primary care health workers in management of respiratory diseases. T2 - A cross sectional survey. AU - Nantanda, Rebecca. AU - Kayingo, Gerald. AU - Jones, Rupert. AU - Van Gemert, Frederik. AU - Kirenga, Bruce J.. PY - 2020/5/11. Y1 - 2020/5/11. N2 - Background: Respiratory diseases are among the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in Uganda, but there is little attention and capacity for management of chronic respiratory diseases in the health programmes. This survey assessed gaps in knowledge and skills among healthcare workers in managing respiratory illnesses. Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted among primary care health workers, specialist physicians and healthcare planners to assess gaps in knowledge and skills and, training needs in managing respiratory illnesses. The perspectives of patients with respiratory diseases were also sought. Data were collected using questionnaires, patient panel discussions and review of pre-service ...
Throughout Europe 10% of the children suffer from asthmatic symptoms. Asthma, allergies and other respiratory diseases are one of the main reasons for hospital treatment of children. Also less common diseases, caused by environmental factors, are increasing like leukaemia, which is the most common form of childhood cancer. Many pollutants, including dioxins, are dangerous even before birth. They can reach the foetus in the womb and increase the risk of miscarriage and birth defects. In some parts of Europe, up to 10% of infants develop mental or physical disabilities. These disabilities are blamed on exposure to lead, mercury and certain chemicals. Chemicals, like endocrine disrupters, can also act like hormones and disrupt the way the body functions, with adverse effects on reproductive capacity ...
Read about the 29 abstracts that will be presented by Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals at the 2015 American Thoracic Society International Conference.
In the first study of its kind, researchers have found that improved air quality in southern California had a direct effect on childrens respiratory health. The findings point to the effectiveness of smart public health policy - in other words, even as southern California experienced increases in traffic and commerce, aggressive air pollution policies resulted in cleaner air and healthier kids.
In the first study of its kind, researchers have found that improved air quality in southern California had a direct effect on childrens respiratory health. The findings point to the effectiveness of smart public health policy - in other words, even as southern California experienced increases in traffic and commerce, aggressive air pollution policies resulted in cleaner air and healthier kids.. ...
Respiratory diseases are pathological conditions affecting the tissues and organs making gas exchange possible, and includes conditions of the trachea, bronchi, upper respiratory tract, bronchioles, pleura and pleural cavity, alveoli, and the breathing nerves and muscles, and while the diseases can be mild, they can as well be self-limiting, such as the common cold, or even life-threatening with conditions such as pulmonary embolism, bacterial pneumonia, and lung cancer. This is the forum for discussing anything related to this health condition
Including comprehensive coverage of health disparities commonly encountered in pediatric and adult pulmonary, critical care, and sleep medicine, Achieving Respiratory Health Equality in the United States provides a definitive reference on this prominent issue. Expert authors explore questions such as: * What is the evidence that respiratory health disparities exist? * What do we know about the causes of the disparities? * What are the clinical implications? * What can be done to address the particular disparities and thus achieve health equality? Recognizing the magnitude of this problem, the American Thoracic Society (ATS) Executive Committee created a Health Equality Sub-Committee, with an initial mandate of defining respiratory health disparities and respiratory health equality in the United States. This book will follow the format of a workshop on respiratory health equality held before the 2015 ATS International Meeting and led by editor Juan Carlos Celedón. Written by the workshop ...
Respiratory diseases are caused by a diversity of etiologies, including environmental exposure, family history of disease, smoking, and gene mutation or genetic predisposition. ATCC offers a comprehensive collection of normal and diseased lung and upper airway cultures for use in respiratory disease research.
Dr Syed Z Tousheed, Dr Basha J Khan, Dr BV Murali Mohan - Lung Transplant Physicians- Narayana Health City , Bangalore Respiratory diseases are one of the largest killers across the globe. They rank second, next only to accidents in conditions causing death in the Indian population. Respiratory diseases do not only cause suffering, they also impose a huge economic burden on the nation.
Small kids are naughty and cannot sit at one place straight! But sometimes the childhood of these babies are dawned upon diseases like asthma and other respiratory problems. By studying these FAQs or frequently asked questions, you?ll be certain in finding out reasons of the disease and measures to control the same!
Discusses respiratory problems that older children and adults can have. Covers viral and bacterial infections, allergies, and asthma. Offers home treatment tips. Includes interactive tool to help you decide when to call a doctor.
Discusses respiratory problems that older children and adults can have. Covers viral and bacterial infections, allergies, and asthma. Offers home treatment tips. Includes interactive tool to help you decide when to call a doctor.
This is courtesy of @harveyspecter Respiratory Problems in Bulldogs [replacer_img]Bulldog Respiratory & Breathing: Bulldog health problems such as
Resolving Respiratory Problems at The Tonic Tree feels like a breath of fresh air in more ways than one. Dont suffer any longer. Reach out today.
Therefore we need to use the Burden of Disease Statistics, look at getting the average number of years of life gained from various procedures/medical treatments, projecting the likely number of cases for the forward budget period and applying normed corrections for the proportions of the health budget to go to various health problem clusters. I noted that musculo-skeletal and respiratory diseases are priorities for the near future and that reducing cardiac disease and spending is also a continuing priority. There also looks to be a need to prevent acceleration in the obesity rate in order to avoid flow on costs to diabetes incidence/prevalence, cardiac disease strokes and falls. The community doesnt seem to have got the message about weight gain, especially in children and there dont seem to be huge innovative programs being introduced to remedy the situation- so this needs a lot of factoring in ...
We are in the midst of a global epidemic of chronic diseases - diabetes, heart disease, cancers and respiratory disease are on the rise across the world. Posing a real and increasing threat to health and…
Why smoking is bad... Smoking tobacco is the cause of many diseases... heart disease and respiratory disease are some examples of many. Smoking can cause
Articles from Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases are provided here courtesy of The Korean Academy of Tuberculosis and Respiratory ...
About the natural preparation ASMEGREEN from DENOVA GREEN , you can write a lot and everything will be interesting and important, because the theme of such diseases as asthma, asthmatic bronchitis, chronic bronchitis, an allergy to the flowering of plants and other respiratory diseases - affects virtually every family and is more than relevant all over the world. Everyone knows more than an emotional picture from movies or from life, when a patient is convulsively looking for an inhaler with a drug based on steroids and at this moment there is an urgent question: life or death? However, steroids only relieve the attack and have no effect on the root of the disease itself. And now a little about the problem. Bronchial asthmaIs a chronic inflammatory disease of the respiratory tract, manifested by attacks of dyspnea, which are often accompanied by a cough and can develop into attacks of suffocation. This is due to the fact that the respiratory system reacts excessively to different stimuli. In ...
Life and Breath The best overall source for statistics on respiratory diseases in Canada is the report called Life and Breath: Respiratory Disease in Canada, released in November 2007.
Aside from cancer, cardiovascular disease, and chronic lung disease, known adverse health effects of smoking include (but are not limited to) other respiratory diseases and symptoms, nuclear cataract, _______________, reduced female fertility, and diminished health status. ...
Bronchitis and/or emphysema was the only respiratory condition that was more prevalent in older age groups, increasing from under 4 per cent for age groups under 45 years to 7 per cent for females and 15 per cent for males aged 75 years and over. Comparing age and sex standardised prevalence rates for adults, the rate of bronchitis and/or emphysema for smokers (9 per cent) was nearly twice that of ex-smokers (5 per cent) and three times that of those who had never smoked (3 per cent). ...
In the modern world, respiratory diseases have emerged as one of the most prevalent medical conditions affecting individuals of all age groups. The term respiratory diseases is a broad term and as a norm usually covers common respiratory diseases to life threatening conditions that influence the respiratory system. When it comes to respiratory diseases, it is recommended that individuals should have an understanding of the most common causes of respiratory diseases so as to be able to protect themselves from these infections better. This said the following overview on causes of respiratory diseases will help shed more light on this.. ...
This is now supposed to be the smart kids view of McKeown, but I find it quite odd. That is not a narrow aspect of McKeowns thesis -- it is what most readers found to be most essential about it. Its pretty much the whole point. Granted, he offended public health practitioners by playing down the clean water thing, and he was probably wrong about that. However, his most famous analysis had to do with the decline in tuberulosis mortality in England and Wales. TB used to be a major killer, but it had become rare before there were any effective medical treatments. Remember how much of 19th Century literature is about TB, from Mann to Keats to Alexandre Dumas? But who ever worried about it in the 1930s? McKeowns foremost critic, Simon Szreter (yup, I spelled that correctly) argued that he had confused tuberculosis and other respiratory diseases in death records, and so gotten the timing of the decline of tuberculosis wrong. This was all supposed to be quite devastating, but it is really nit ...
Enterprise therapeutics announces additional funding tackle chronic respiratory disease. Read more about this additional funding in full here.
Tylan is an antibiotic that treats respiratory disease in Chickens and Turkeys. It comes as a soluble powder but there is also an injectable form as well.
Racing Pigeon products, Pigeon Supplies and Pigeon medicines. We have a massive range of pigeon medicines, such as pigeon antibiotic, vitamins, pigeon stimulant and more.
As a parent of a child with reactive airway disease, and as a physician, it was abundantly clear that breathing is one of the most important things we do and take for granted. Millions of folks are out there struggling to breath, and need some support.... Recognizing this need, I asked a clever cardiology fellow (about to complete his cardiology training) if he could think up any ideas for a shirt just before we scrubbed into a case to install a defibrillator. He thought and thought and we tossed around a few ideas, then he smiled, and came up with this idea for a t-shirt ...
Hi, I purchased some pullets back in July. The next day we got them we noticed rattling breathing, excessive yawning, runny eyes. Since then, it has...
If youre having trouble breathing while sleeping or awake, its important to get diagnosed and treated so you can start to live the healthiest life possible.
Powered by Pure, Scopus & Elsevier Fingerprint Engine™ © 2020 Elsevier B.V. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. ...
This is the official approximate match mapping between ICD9 and ICD10, as provided by the General Equivalency mapping crosswalk. This means that while there is no exact mapping between this ICD10 code P27.9 and a single ICD9 code, 770.7 is an approximate match for comparison and conversion purposes. ... Interview with: Dr Prof Nanshan Zhong, MD (Edin), FRCS (Edin), FRCP and Pixin Ran PhD National Center for Respiratory Diseases, State Key Laboratory of Respiratory Disease, Guangzhou Institute of Respiratory Diseases, the First Affiliated Hospital What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Response: According to the latest research, in 2015, 3.2 million people died from COPD globally, with an increase of 11.6% in mortality compared with that in 1990 (GBD 2015 Chronic Respiratory Disease Collaborators. Lancet Respir Med. 2017,5:691-706). COPD has now become the third leading cause of death worldwide and is estimated to become the disease with the seventh greatest burden worldwide in 2030. In China, the prevalence was 8.2% among people aged 40 years or greater, according to our epidemiological survey in 2007. Importantly, current international guidelines have been mainly focusing on the management of moderate-to-severe COPD. However, ...
Dr. Josephsons unique five-step program combines the best practices from traditional and alternative medicine to bring relief to the millions who suffer from respiratory problems.
INTRODUCTION: Estimates of the amount of people infected by severe acute respiratory symptoms coronavirus 2 are essential for wellness setting up and establishment of targets regarding herd immunity. for serious acute respiratory symptoms coronavirus in the Teresina inhabitants at seven successive timepoints The research shown that SARS-CoV-2 Artesunate attacks are typically minor or asymptomatic which Read More. ...
In a healthcare facility with two hospitals (A and B), 6 non-latex asthma cases were diagnosed between 1998 and 2000 on hospital As top floor, which had water incursions during this period. Hospital A had more work-related lower respiratory symptoms, with higher levels on the top floors. Univariate models showed positive associations between lower respiratory symptoms and a number of air, and cha
Article From Article Directory Database Nasal Allergy: Allergic Rhinitis and Its Causes Allergic rhinitis is an atopic disease, which is inherited from the parent. If both your parents have allergic rhinitis or other respiratory diseases such as asthma, tuberculosis Adnan Januzaj Manchester United Jersey , and emphysema, the probability that you have these kinds of respiratory diseases is 50%. If one of your parents has respiratory diseases, the probability that you inherit their diseases is 25%. If both of your parents do not have any respiratory diseases, your chances to have respiratory diseases are no more than 12.5%. Sometimes, what has happened during pregnancy can cause allergic rhinitis to the newly born baby. The immunological status of the mother during pregnancy may cause the newly born baby has allergic rhinitis. Pregnant mothers who are smoking, drinking coffee and alcohol usually have poor immunological status, which can also cause newly born infant has allergic rhinitis or other ...
Elderberry supplementation may reduce the duration and severity of upper respiratory symptoms, according to a meta-analysis published in the journal Complementary Therapies in Medicine.
Among inner-city populations in Canada, the use of crack cocaine by inhalation is prevalent. Crack smoking is associated with acute respiratory symptoms and complications, but less is known about chronic respiratory problems related to crack smoking. There is also a gap in the literature addressing the management of respiratory disease in primary health care among people who smoke crack. The purpose of our study was to assess the prevalence of acute and chronic respiratory symptoms among patients who smoke crack and access primary care. We conducted a pilot study among 20 patients who currently smoke crack (used within the past 30 days) and who access the drop-in clinic at an inner-city primary health care center. Participants completed a 20- to 30-min interviewer-administered survey and provided consent for a chart review. We collected information on respiratory-related symptoms, diagnoses, tests, medications, and specialist visits. Data were analyzed using frequency tabulations in SPSS ...
STUDY OBJECTIVE: This study examined the impact on childrens respiratory health of a government air quality intervention that restricted the sulphur content of fuels to 0.5% from July 1990 onwards. DESIGN/SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: This study examined the changes, one and two years after the introduction of the intervention, in airway hyperreactivity of non-asthmatic and non-wheezing, primary 4, 5, and 6, school children aged 9-12 years living in a polluted district compared with those in a less polluted district. Bronchial hyperreactivity (BHR)(a 20% decrease in FEV1 provoked by a cumulative dose of histamine less than 7.8 mumol) and bronchial reactivity slope (BR slope) (percentage change in logarithmic scale in FEV1 per unit dose of histamine) were used to estimate responses to a histamine challenge. The between districts differences after the intervention were studied to assess the effectiveness of the intervention. MAIN RESULTS: In cohorts, comparing measurements made before the intervention ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Behavior change theory, content and delivery of interventions to enhance adherence in chronic respiratory disease: A systematic review. AU - McCullough, Amanda R. AU - Ryan, Crístín. AU - Macindoe, Christopher. AU - Yii, Nathan. AU - Bradley, Judy M. AU - ONeill, Brenda. AU - Elborn, J. Stuart. AU - Hughes, Carmel M. N1 - Compliant in UIR; evidence uploaded to other files and UIR dates added to PURE link. PY - 2016/7/1. Y1 - 2016/7/1. N2 - Background We sought to describe the theory used to design treatment adherence interventions, the content delivered, and the mode of delivery of these interventions in chronic respiratory disease.Methods We included randomized controlled trials of adherence interventions (compared to another intervention or control) in adults with chronic respiratory disease (8 databases searched; inception until March 2015). Two reviewers screened and extracted data: post-intervention adherence (measured objectively); behavior change theory, content ...
Respiratory problems are common in athletes of all abilities and can significantly impact upon their health and performance. In this article, we provide an overview of respiratory physiology in athletes. We also discuss the assessment and management of common clinical respiratory conditions as they pertain to athletes, including airways disease, respiratory tract infection and pneumothorax. We focus on providing a pragmatic approach and highlight important caveats for the physician treating respiratory conditions in this highly specific population.. ...
This lightly edited article was written for the Port Workers United newsletter in Oakland, Calif. Thomas is a third-generation member of the International Longshore and Warehouse Union Local 10, and co-chair of the Million Worker March movement, who actively supported ILWU Local 21 in their battle with the new high-tech grain export terminal in Longview, Wash.. As a consequence of the January 2012 negotiated Export Grain Terminal contract for International Longshore and Warehouse Union Local 21 in Longview, Wash., dockworkers and the Pacific Northwest Grain Handlers Association negotiations are headed for a showdown. In fact, the Grain Handlers are expected to lock out longshore workers on October 24 at six Northwest grain terminals in Portland, Ore.; Seattle, Tacoma, and Vancouver, Wash.. These grain negotiations are setting the stage for the 2014 longshore contract negotiations, which will impact big money issues like pension and welfare.. The Northwest grain terminal employers are demanding ...
Colds as predictors of the onset and severity of COPD exacerbations Neil W Johnston,1 Marita Olsson,2 Staffan Edsbäcker,3 Maria Gerhardsson de Verdier,4 Per Gustafson,5 Christopher McCrae,3 Peter V Coyle,6 R Andrew McIvor1 1Department of Medicine, Firestone Institute for Respiratory Health, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada; 2Early Clinical Development Biometrics, 3Respiratory, Inflammation & Autoimmunity Unit, Innovative Medicines & Early Development, 4Medical Evidence and Observational Research Centre, 5Respiratory, Inflammation & Autoimmunity Translational Medicine Unit, Early Clinical Development, Innovative Medicines & Early Development, AstraZeneca Research and Development, Gothenburg, Molndal, Sweden; 6Regional Virology Laboratory, Belfast HS C Trust, Belfast, UK Rationale: Common colds are associated with acute respiratory symptom exacerbations in COPD patients. Objective: To determine exacerbation risk and severity in COPD patients with/without coincident self-reported colds. Methods:
Chronic respiratory diseases are major non-communicable diseases. Asthma and allergic diseases occur throughout the life cycle and can begin during pregnancy and childhood. In Europe, they affect 30 million children and adults under 45 years of age. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has an estimated annual death rate of over 4 million people globally. Among the European Union (EU) member states, asthma accounted for an average of 53 hospital admissions per 100 000 population in 2009, and the average COPD-related admission rate was 184. The annual direct and indirect costs in the 28 EU countries due to COPD or asthma are estimated at €48 billion and €34 billion, respectively. Chronic respiratory diseases affect active and healthy ageing. Asthma in children or adults is a common risk factor for COPD in adults. ...
An individual with recent onset of an influenza-like illness (ILI), which may include fever ≥380C PLUS ONE OR MORE of the following acute respiratory symptoms (sore throat, rhinorrhoea / nasal congestion, cough or other signs part of the respiratory complex, myalgia, diarrhoea ).
While mortality rates for most chronic illnesses (heart disease, malignancy, stroke) have declined in the U.S., mortality from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has increased over the past 3 decades. COPD is the fourth-leading cause of death and the second leading cause of disability in the United States. Blue-collar workers have the highest prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in the country. The main cause of COPD is abnormal inflammatory response of the lung to inhalation of noxious particles and gases, with tobacco smoking being the most prevalent risk factor. Most cases of obstructive or restrictive respiratory diseases are preventable. Evidence shows that in occupational settings with exposure to respiratory hazards, maintaining workers respiratory health is important not only for workers health but for reducing companies and individuals health-related costs.1-6 The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) new WorkLife initiative ...
Asthma, COPD, Tuberculosis, and other respiratory diseases or conditions can have a significant affect on your oral health, ranging from dry mouth to infections and more.
Respiratory diseases are the diseases that affect the airways, including the nasal cavity, the bronchi and the lungs. They are divided in acute infections, such as pneumonia or bronchitis and chronic, such as asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.. Today it is estimated that 300 million people suffer from asthma and it is the most common childrens disease. It constitutes a major public issue for all countries regardless of their level of development and economy strength. Asthma is under-diagnosed and inadequately-treated. It degrades the quality of life of the patients and has a life-long effect.. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a life threatening lung disease, intervening with normal breathing. It is estimated that 210 million people suffer from COPD worldwide and more than 3 million have died due to COPD in 2005, corresponding to 5% of worldwide mortality. 90% of the patients with COPD reside at countries with medium or low standard of living.. In order for these ...
The smoke from the recent wildfires in the area pose a respiratory threat to everyone but especially to people with chronic respiratory problems such as asthma, COPD and emphysema. Since the soot and ash have filled the Central Texas atmosphere, you do not have to be close to the fires to experience symptoms. This smoke and ash can be irritants to the nasal cavity as well as the respiratory system.
Greasy hair might not give you an attractive appearance, but it might reduce the amount of ozone you breathe in, and thus prevent you from respiratory problems.
Respiratory Problems - BLEEDERS & COPD HEAVES: HYPERBARIC CHAMBER Hyperbaric oxygen therapy increases the oxygen levels in the horses body 12-15 times the normal amount. The
Asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) currently cost payers and patients in the United States over $100 billion annually. By 2020, the Centers for Disease Controls and Prevention estimates that the cost of medical care for adults in the U.S. with COPD alone will increase 53 percent to more than $90 billion.. Propeller is a digital therapeutic designed to help patients and their physicians better understand and control COPD, asthma and other respiratory disease, reducing preventable emergency room visits, hospitalizations and unnecessary suffering. With a novel combination of sensors, mobile apps, analytics and personalized feedback, the system encourages adherence to maintenance therapy and remotely monitors use of rescue medications to predict exacerbations and facilitate early intervention by care teams.. In the last year, Propeller Health doubled its number of commercial programs and added its first contract with an accountable care organization. In addition, the company ...
Respiratory diseases are major causes of pediatric morbidity and mortality. These diseases are incompletely understood, which is a barrier to improving clinical...
Acute Children, Aged Asthma Attack & Allergy, Causes: Nutrition, Air Pollution, Allergens, Symptoms, Effects on Respiratory Diseases, Immune System, Chronic Inflammation
Breathe Easy: Seasonal Allergies and Respiratory Conditions. It seems like we barely recover from cold and flu season when allergy season arrives in North Carolina. Sneezing, runny nose, watery eyes, drainage… all common symptoms of allergies.. When a person says they have allergies that typically means their immune system is defending the body against something thats not actually there. Sounds odd, but its true. The body remembers defending itself against bacteria and viruses, so when generally harmless allergens such as pollen or mold enters the body, the immune system defends the body through allergic reactions.. Hay Fever. A main type of seasonal allergies is Allergic Rhinitis, commonly called Hay Fever, that is triggered by indoor or outdoor allergens like pet dander or pollen. With many people, Hay Fever is something to be endured for a few weeks during the year. It usually includes sinus pressure, congestion, sneezing and runny nose among other symptoms.. Its best to try to prevent ...
Breathe Easy: Seasonal Allergies and Respiratory Conditions. It seems like we barely recover from cold and flu season when allergy season arrives in North Carolina. Sneezing, runny nose, watery eyes, drainage… all common symptoms of allergies.. When a person says they have allergies that typically means their immune system is defending the body against something thats not actually there. Sounds odd, but its true. The body remembers defending itself against bacteria and viruses, so when generally harmless allergens such as pollen or mold enters the body, the immune system defends the body through allergic reactions.. Hay Fever. A main type of seasonal allergies is Allergic Rhinitis, commonly called Hay Fever, that is triggered by indoor or outdoor allergens like pet dander or pollen. With many people, Hay Fever is something to be endured for a few weeks during the year. It usually includes sinus pressure, congestion, sneezing and runny nose among other symptoms.. Its best to try to prevent ...
SportNeb 2 model 3050-2 is an economical choice for treatment of asthma, COPD and other respiratory diseases. Find the SportNeb2 Nebulizer.
9.4 Respiratory disease Oxford Textbook of Public Health 9.4 Respiratory disease T. H. Lam and A. J. Hedley Factors in respiratory disease Global respiratory mortality World burden of respiratory diseases Smoking and respiratory deaths in developed countries Deaths from smoking in developing countries Recent international and national actions Occupational factors and respiratory diseases Respiratory health…
Acute lower respiratory disorders symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and treatment information for Acute lower respiratory disorders (Acute lower respiratory conditions) with alternative diagnoses, full-text book chapters, misdiagnosis, research treatments, prevention, and prognosis.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Survey of infectious agents involved in acute respiratory disease in finishing pigs. AU - Loeffen, W.L.A.. AU - Kamp, E.M.. AU - Stockhofe-Zurwieden, N.. AU - van Nieuwstadt, A.P.K.M.I.. AU - Bongers, J.H.. AU - Hunneman, W.A.. AU - Elbers, A.R.W.. AU - Baars, J.. AU - Nell, T.. AU - van Zijderveld, F.G.. PY - 1999. Y1 - 1999. U2 - 10.1136/vr.145.5.123. DO - 10.1136/vr.145.5.123. M3 - Article. VL - 145. SP - 123. EP - 129. JO - Veterinary Record. JF - Veterinary Record. SN - 0042-4900. IS - 5. ER - ...
Having problems with breathing? You can now find safe and effective medications for respiratory disorders in pregnancy from our guide. Our expert doctors have listed medicines for respiratory disease in pregnancy which will bring quick relief without any problems. Find from a long list of medicines that can help you out.
Our results reveal that hyperosmolarity is associated with increased hospital mortality of patients who are critically ill, presenting as a U-shaped association. However, this pattern was not observed for patients with respiratory admission disease, and only extreme hyperosmolarity was related to increased risk of death in this subgroup. In addition, vasopressin is strongly associated with a higher mortality rate in all six subgroups. To the best of our knowledge, this is the largest study using subgroup analysis to establish a link between osmolarity imbalance and mortality in patients in mixed ICU.. Water balance inside the body is of vital importance for patients who are critically ill , and serum osmolarity plays an important role in extracellular and intracellular water distribution. Perturbation of osmolarity is common in patients admitted to ICU, which is related to intracellular dehydration or oedema, potentially leading to adverse outcomes.17 Holtfreter et al recently examined the ...
For patients dealing with serious respiratory conditions, having a base of important information, thought leadership and products that can aid in knowledge, comfort and improved health outcomes is imperative.. Avanos is that platform. Our respiratory products and content can help patients receive the quality care they need whether at home or in the hospital. Working with clinical care clinicians weve developed a wide range of important respiratory products designed to help facilitate best practices of respiratory care. With safety, comfort, and convenience a priority for both clinicians and patients, our closed suction systems, endotracheal tubes, oral care solutions and sampling catheters help treat and protect your patients and may help to improve their quality of life.. Our respiratory health solutions include:. ...
Have you ever been runnin along with buds, when suddenly you cant catch your breath? You might be suffering from asthma. Check out the list of symptoms to see if they apply to you.
I seldom have upper respiratory symptoms. My alergy presents as very loose and fluid chest congestion - if unchecked it get to the point of sounding like pneumonia. I am alergic to Mt Red Cedar and so...
pneumonia was initially diagnosed in malnourished kids and offers recently been found in children with upper respiratory symptoms. had some part in dampening irritation, since interleukin-10 (IL-10)-deficient pups cleared quicker than wild-type pups as well as the neutralization of changing growth aspect beta PCI-32765 (TGF-) with particular antibody improved T cell migration in to the […]. ...
Learn about the causes, symptoms, diagnosis & treatment of Respiratory Problems in Neonates from the Professional Version of the Merck Manuals.
The public health burden of asthma is approaching alarming levels. The Centers for Disease Control estimates that nearly 24 million people of all ages are afflicted with this chronic respiratory condition. Further, asthma is one of the most common chronic allergic and respiratory conditions impacting children.
1. Respiratory infection of rabbits with Bacillus bovisepticus (snuffles) is favored by chilling the animals after they have been accustomed to heat.. 2. The character of this disease, which occurs frequently in rabbits under natural conditions, makes the application of the experimental results to similar respiratory conditions in man less open to objection than in similar experiments with other infections.. 3. The weight of experimental evidence, including our own, does not justify the elimination of exposure to cold as a possible though secondary factor in the incidence of acute respiratory disease.. 4. From the limited data of our last two experiments it is suggested that any marked change of temperature predisposes rabbits to this infection, the severity of which varies with the amount of change, and that a change from low to high temperature has an even more marked effect than that from high to low.. ...
Free, official coding info for 2018 ICD-10-CM J68.4 - includes detailed rules, notes, synonyms, ICD-9-CM conversion, index and annotation crosswalks, DRG grouping and more.
Medical Xpress is a web-based medical and health news service that features the most comprehensive coverage in the fields of neuroscience, cardiology, cancer, HIV/AIDS, psychology, psychiatry, dentistry, genetics, diseases and conditions, medications and more.
Rheomuco aims to fight chronic lung diseases like COPD, the 3rd cause of death worldwide, as well as bronchiectasis and severe asthma. It...
GARD provides a network through which collaborating partner countries can combine their strengths and knowledge, thereby achieving results that no single partne
Pediatric Respiratory Disorders. Revised Fall 2010 Susan Beggs, RN MSN CPN. Describing the differences between adult and pedi client. Differences between the very young child and the older child Resistance can depend on many factors Slideshow 1165370 by isaiah
One of the most common ones is respiratory illnesses. They can either cause respiratory problems or exacerbate ones individuals already have!. ...
Study Flashcards On Chap. 31 Respiratory disorders at Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. makes it easy to get the grade you want!
Equine Respiratory Disorders en - ISBN 10: 081211325X - ISBN 13: 9780812113259 - Lea & Febiger - 1991 - Tapa dura
The number of Americans who die from chronic respiratory diseases has skyrocketed over the past 35 years, led in large part by deaths from COPD, a new report indicates.
This is a collection of evidence that is supplemental and supportive to the JSNA Chapter: Respiratory Disease. It brings together all the most relevant intelligence, research and evidence to ensure best practice in decision making.. Please use the contents options to navigate the document, and then click on the title of any document that is of relevance. ...
Update in occupational and environmental respiratory disease 2007. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine American Thoracic Society 1535-4970 10.1164/RCCM.200801-116UP
Respiratory diseases encompass pathological conditions affecting the organs and tissues that make gas exchange possible in higher organisms, and includes conditions of the upper respiratory tract,
Acute Respiratory Tract Diseases: prevention & treatment. Medcom Press, 1975. Infectious Diseases: fortieth and final annual ... This led to the publication of An Acute Infection of the Respiratory Tract with Atypical Pneumonia: a disease entity probably ... NCBI Landmark article Dec 24,1938: An acute infection of the respiratory tract with atypical pneumonia. A disease entity ... 20-June 26, 1963 Reimann, Hobart A (1938). "An Acute Infection of the Respiratory Tract with Atypical Pneumonia: a disease ...
"Picobirnaviruses in the human respiratory tract". Emerging Infectious Diseases. 18 (9): 1539-40. doi:10.3201/eid1809.120507. ... Associated symptoms include gastroenteritis in animals and humans, though the disease association is unclear. Picobirnavirus is ... Emerging Infectious Diseases. 26 (1). doi:10.3201/eid2601.et2601. Pereira, HG; Flewett, TH; Candeias, JAN; Barth, OM (1988). "A ...
"Fungi and allergic lower respiratory tract diseases". Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. 129 (2): 280-291. doi:10.1016 ... A blight disease of ber, Ziziphus mauritiana, is caused by T. herbarum. In one study, T. herbarum accounted for 47% of the ... Nallathambi, P.; Umamaheswari, C. (2001). "A new disease of ber (Ziziphus mauritiana Lim) caused by Torula herbarum (Pers) link ...
"Merkel Cell Polyomavirus in Respiratory Tract Secretions". Emerging Infectious Diseases. 15 (3): 489-91. doi:10.3201/ ... It is found in respiratory secretions suggesting that it may be transmitted by a respiratory route. But it also can be found ... "Merkel Cell Polyomavirus DNA in Respiratory Specimens from Children and Adults". Emerging Infectious Diseases. 15 (3): 492-4. ... information about the virus could lead to a blood test or a vaccine that could improve the management of the disease or aid in ...
Therefore, diseases affecting the respiratory tract can increase airway resistance. Airway resistance can also change over time ... In respiratory physiology, airway resistance is the resistance of the respiratory tract to airflow during inhalation and ... While the assumptions of the Hagen-Poiseuille equation are not strictly true of the respiratory tract it serves to show that, ... 2010). "Reference equations for specific airway resistance in children: the Asthma UK initiative". European Respiratory Journal ...
Diseases associated with this family include measles, mumps, and respiratory tract infections. The family has four subfamilies ... The human parainfluenza viruses (HPIV) are the second most common causes of respiratory tract disease in infants and children. ... and is known to cause mild to severe respiratory tract illnesses. Paramyxoviruses are also responsible for a range of diseases ... Newcastle disease virus (birds), and rinderpest virus (cattle). Some paramyxoviruses such as the henipaviruses are zoonotic ...
Most common diseases within the settlement are Malaria and Respiratory Tract Infections. The Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) ... MTI intervenes and also supports awareness messages on HIV/AIDS, other communicable diseases, health promotion campaigns, and ...
Infection usually results in disease of the gastrointestinal or respiratory tract. Infection may also cause ocular or ... Postmortem examination may reveal lesions in the gastrointestinal or respiratory tract and enlarged lymph nodes. Cattle should ... The disease can be controlled by ensuring that calves receive adequate colostrum at birth. Management factors such as ... Respiratory signs include coughing, serous nasal discharge, dyspnea and tachypnea. Signs may worsen if a secondary infection ...
... oris is associated with diseases of the respiratory tract of Hermann's tortoise (Testudo hermanni). " ... Associated with Respiratory Disease in Hermann's Tortoises". Genome Announcements. 2 (6). doi:10.1128/genomeA.01322-14. PMC ...
... diseases of the upper and lower respiratory tracts, rheumatologic diseases, obesity and osteoporosis. SZYMON - Recommended in ... It treats diseases of the upper and lower respiratory tract, rheumatologic disorders, chronic kidney inflammation, obesity, and ... PITONIAKÓWKA - Recommended in diseases of neuroses, obesity, inflammation of the upper respiratory tract and bronchi. WANDA - ... diseases of the vocal apparatus, allergies of the upper respiratory tract, bronchial asthma; musculoskeletal disorders, i.e. ...
2, 1952). Marshall wrote "Diseases of the respiratory tract" in Conybeare's Textbook of Medicine and many articles. He was ... As a respiratory physiologist Geoffrey invented gas and oxygen anaesthesia and devised his own machine while serving as an ... He was the co-editor, with Kenneth Murray Allan Perry, of Diseases of the Chest (vol. ...
It has also colonized the respiratory tracts of patients with granulomatous disease. In lung transplant patients, infection can ... One widespread plant disease caused by Burkholderia gladioli is called scab. It can be seen on Gladiolus corms as water-soaked ... Burkholderia gladioli is a species of aerobic gram-negative rod-shaped bacteria that causes disease in both humans and plants. ... One pathovariety, growing on coconut pulp, produces the respiratory toxin bongkrek acid which can cause fatal poisoning in ...
Concurrent infections, such as viral upper respiratory tract infection or other febrile diseases, can cause outbreaks. ... "Condom Effectiveness - Male Latex Condoms and Sexually Transmitted Diseases". Center for Disease Control and Prevention. ... there was an increase in sexually transmitted diseases. One of the diseases that increased dramatically was genital herpes. In ... In the 18th century, it was so common among prostitutes that it was called "a vocational disease of women". The term 'herpes ...
"A newly discovered human pneumovirus isolated from young children with respiratory tract disease". Nature Medicine. 7 (6): 719- ... and has a range of diseases involved with respiratory illness. Orthopneumoviruses can cause diseases that range from a less- ... "Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infection (RSV)". Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved 2019-06-03. CS1 maint: ... The genus Orthopneumovirus consists of pathogens that target the upper respiratory tract within their specific hosts. Every ...
Associated diseases include mild to moderate upper respiratory tract infections, severe lower respiratory tract infection, ... The first cases of the infection with HCoV-NL63 were found in young children with severe lower respiratory tract infections ... An early study investigating children with lower respiratory tract illness, found that HCoV-NL63 was more commonly found in ... In the developed world, Kawasaki disease is the most common cause of acquired heart disease in children. Further analysis of ...
"PCR diagnosis of primary herpesvirus type I in poliomyelitis-like paralysis and respiratory tract disease". Pediatric Neurology ... Its cause has not been established, but its association with asthma exacerbations (usually with a respiratory infection as a ... Kira, J (2003). "Neural damage associated with allergic diseases: pathomechanism and therapy". Rinsho Shinkeigaku. 43 (11): 756 ... trigger) has led to suspicion that the initial viral insult that causes the respiratory infection is also implicated in the ...
Aortic valve disease may occur. Upper and lower respiratory-tract infections can be frequent. Most children develop limited ... Skeletal deformities and aortic valve disease may occur. These patients may live into adulthood. MPS I is inherited in an ... Mucopolysaccharidosis type I is a spectrum of diseases in the mucopolysaccharidosis family. It results in the buildup of ... the person should not show any symptoms of the disease. MPS I is divided into three subtypes based on severity of symptoms. All ...
Improvement was observed for all patients suffering from respiratory diseases and 85% of the children having digestive tract ... a part of the complex therapy of children and teenagers suffering from chronic diseases of the respiratory and digestive tracts ... cardiovascular system and digestive tract diseases, having problems with the immune system, insomnia, chronic fatigue syndrome ... While researching the respiratory function of the stomach and the possibility of filling the body with oxygen through the ...
RFeIFN-ω, delivered topically, is ineffective against feline upper respiratory tract disease caused by feline calicivirus. Yang ... It is used to treat a range of viral diseases in cats and dogs, including canine parvovirus, feline leukemia virus (FeLV), and ... efficacy of topical recombinant feline interferon-omega for treatment of cats with acute upper respiratory viral disease". ...
"Life-threatening respiratory tract disease with human bocavirus-1 infection in a 4-year-old child". J. Clin. Microbiol. 50 (2 ... Some of these viruses cause human disease. HBoV1 is strongly implicated in causing some cases of lower respiratory tract ... Ricour C, Goubau P (2008). "Human bocavirus, a newly discovered parvovirus of the respiratory tract". Acta Clin Belg. 63 (5): ... A study in Jordan found that 9% of 220 children hospitalised with lower respiratory tract infection were infected with ...
The common cold, or simply the cold, is a viral infectious disease of the upper respiratory tract. The cold is indeed common, ...
Infections mostly affect the respiratory tract, as many patients suffer from chronic lung disease, pneumonias, and ... Because the predominant features of the disease include autoantibody-mediated disease (AIHA, ITP), Treg defects (resembling ... Lymphocytic interstitial lung disease (ILD) is also observed, which complicates breathing and leads to impairment of lung ... Infections can also occur at other sites, such as the eyes, skin and gastrointestinal tract. Many patients suffer from chronic ...
... s may be victims of canine distemper, rabies, respiratory tract disease, and urinary infection. In ... Little effort has gone into assessing the threat of disease to wild North American river otter populations, so it is poorly ... Moreover, a western Oregon study revealed fish remains were present in 80% of the 103 digestive tracts examined. Crustaceans ( ... Invertebrates discovered within scats or digestive tracts could most likely be a secondary food item, first being consumed by ...
... , is a chronic granulomatous bacterial disease of the nose that can sometimes infect the upper respiratory tract. ... However, if left untreated the disease can lead to sepsis, bleeding, or other chronic conditions that can be fatal. Hans von ... Rhinoscleroma is considered a tropical disease and is mostly endemic to North Africa, South Asia and Central America, less ... Palmer, P. E. S. & Reeder, M. M. (2000), The imaging of tropical diseases. Heidelberg: Springer Verlach; vols. 1 & 2 (ISBN 3- ...
C. felis has been isolated from up to 30% of cats with conjunctivitis or upper respiratory tract disease. Doxycyline is an ... In humans, C. felis could cause conjunctivitis, various respiratory problems, and other diseases. Since most human cases are ... The disease was characterized by its highly infectious nature and long infection time. To determine what the causative agent ... C. felis is a common cause of conjunctivitis and upper respiratory problems in cats. If left untreated, it leads to damage in ...
In some instances, neonatal respiratory tract diseases may increase the susceptibility to future respiratory infections and ... Infant respiratory distress syndrome is often a condition of preterm neonates that can have long-term negative consequences, it ... The origin of infectious bacteria and some other pathogens is often the maternal gastrointestinal and genitourinary tract. Many ... Other viral infections such as respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), metapneumovirus (hMPV), rhinovirus, parainfluenza (PIV), and ...
This is the source of magnesium and bicarbonate salts for skin disease, old wounds, rheumatism, respiratory tract diseases and ... The water from this spring is useful in the treatment of chronic wounds, and skin diseases. Amoloo Mineral Water Spring: The ... The same can be used for skin diseases also. Alamol: This waterfall flows from the northern slopes of the Damavand Mountains, ... skin diseases and infections. Damavand has some thermal springs (Abe Garm Larijan) with therapeutic qualities. These mineral ...
The seeds of the Strychnine tree, Strychnos nux-vomica, are sometimes used to treat diseases of the respiratory tract, anemia, ... including potential benefits against cardiovascular and inflammatory diseases, vision-related diseases (such as age-related ... The over-use of this plant family in TCM is thought be a significant cause of upper urinary tract cancer and kidney failure in ... Aconitine is easily absorbed through the skin, eyes and through the lining of the nose; Death may occur through respiratory ...
Both group A and group B coxsackieviruses can cause nonspecific febrile illnesses, rashes, upper respiratory tract disease, and ... Interferon has since become prominent in the treatment of a variety of cancers and infectious diseases. In 2007, an outbreak of ... Bornholm disease), and were subdivided into groups A and B based on their pathology in newborn mice. (Coxsackie A virus causes ... and mouth disease outbreaks". Pediatr Infect Dis J. 30 (8): 675-9. doi:10.1097/INF.0b013e3182116e95. PMID 21326133. ...
Kuzucu, A. (2006). "Parasitic diseases of the respiratory tract". Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine. 12 (3): 212-221. doi: ... weight loss and a low fever raises the possible diagnosis of this disease. Some children with this disease may also have ... This disease can be confused with tuberculosis, asthma, or coughs related to roundworms. Tropical pulmonary eosinophilia is a ... "Lymphatic filariasis: The disease and its control. Fifth report of the WHO Expert Committee on Filariasis". World Health ...
Upper respiratory tract infection - 7 to 14 days. Kata. opsional. Causes. causes. Cause of the disease (if known). Try to ... Upper respiratory tract infection - "common cold", "bug", "snuffles". Kata. opsional. Image. image. Image file (just the ... Incidence (rate of newly diagnosed cases of the disease during a specified period of time, e.g., one month or one year); Period ... Heart disease - Smoking; high blood pressure; high cholesterol; obesity; family history (genetics). Kata. opsional. ...
S. pneumoniae is part of the normal upper respiratory tract flora. As with many natural flora, it can become pathogenic under ... Diseases and symptoms[edit]. Pneumonia is the most common of the S. pneumoniae diseases which include symptoms such as fever ... 16: Pneumococcal Disease". In Atkinson W; Wolfe S; Hamborsky J. Epidemiology and Prevention of Vaccine-Preventable Diseases ( ... S. pneumoniae resides asymptomatically in healthy carriers typically colonizing the respiratory tract, sinuses, and nasal ...
Inflammatory reaction (e.g. acute respiratory tract infections, chronic sinusitis, rhinitis or environmental irritants) ... U.S. Centers for Disease Control Published 2001-05-11.. *^ a b c Wackym,, James B. Snow,... P. Ashley (2009). Ballenger's ... Connective tissue disease. *Drugs-aspirin, fexofenadine, warfarin, clopidogrel, prasugrel, isotretinoin, desmopressin and ... Chronic liver disease-cirrhosis causes deficiency of factor II, VII, IX,& X ...
List of systemic diseases with ocular manifestations. References[edit]. *^ a b c Matejcek, A; Goldman, RD (November 2013). " ... It may be infectious or non infectious.[3] In infectious conjunctivitis, the organism is transmitted from the genital tract of ... Respiratory. *Intrauterine hypoxia. *Infant respiratory distress syndrome. *Transient tachypnea of the newborn ... The disease incidence varies widely depending on the geographical location. The most extensive epidemiological survey on this ...
These often occur in the respiratory tract including the sinuses and pneumatoics bones, hock joints, sternal bursa, foot pads, ... Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 42: 81-91. *^ K.R. Rhoades and R.B. Rimler, Avian pasteurellosis, in "Diseases of poultry", ed. ... Journal of Wildlife Disease. 42: 33-39. *^ Samuel et al. 2005. Avian Cholera in Waterfowl: The role of Lesser Snow Geese and ... Journal of Wildlife Diseases. *^ Blanchong et al. 2006. Multi-species patterns of avian cholera mortality in Nebraska's ...
"American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. 163 (3 Pt 2): S18-21. doi:10.1164/ajrccm.163.supplement_1.2011113. ... SP concentrations cannot yet be used to diagnose disease clinically or gauge disease severity. It is not yet known whether ... Entamoeba histolytica is a unicellular parasitic protozoan that infects the lower gastrointestinal tract of humans. The ... "Neural mechanisms of respiratory syncytial virus-induced inflammation and prevention of respiratory syncytial virus sequelae". ...
London: The Religious Tract Society.. *^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Octopus". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge ... Extensive connective tissue lattices support the respiratory muscles and allow them to expand the respiratory chamber.[37] The ... Coccidians in the genus Aggregata living in the gut cause severe disease to the host. Octopuses have an innate immune system, ... The tract consists of a crop, where the food is stored, a stomach, where food is ground down, a caecum where the now sludgy ...
... urinary tract, etc.).. The physical examination is the examination of the patient for medical signs of disease, which are ... respiratory therapists, speech therapists, occupational therapists, radiographers, dietitians, and bioengineers, surgeons, ... listen)) is the science and practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.[4][5] The word "medicine" is ... Preventive medicine is the branch of medicine concerned with preventing disease. *Community health or public health is an ...
respiratory minute volume. FEV1/FVC ratio. Lung function tests. spirometry. body plethysmography. peak flow meter. nitrogen ... As such, it happens automatically (though there are exceptions in some disease states) and does not need conscious control or ...
Colorectal Disease. 10 (8): 789-792. doi:10.1111/j.1463-1318.2007.01381.x. PMID 17868406.. ... which may be useful in case of fecal incontinence or neurologic diseases, including traumatic spinal cord injuries; ... acute abdominal symptoms indicating a serious underlying disease). Although a Journal of Emergency Medicine paper concludes: " ... Lower GI tract. Small bowel. *Bariatric surgery *Duodenal switch. *Jejunoileal bypass. *Bowel resection ...
"PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases. 6 (9): e1839. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0001839. PMC 3459880 . PMID 23029594.. ... Infection typically occurs by direct or indirect exposure to animal excrement through the respiratory or gastrointestinal ... Less commonly there may be bleeding from the mouth or gastrointestinal tract.[1] The risk of death once infected is about one ... Descriptions of the disease date from the 1950s.[1] The virus was first described in 1969 from a case in the town of Lassa, in ...
This involves inhaling purified human A1AT into the lungs and trapping the A1AT into the lower respiratory tract. However, ... which results in respiratory complications, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, in adults. Normally, A1AT leaves its ... The results of this program were first documented in the Effects of a Disease Management Program in Individuals with Alpha-1 ... Axelsson and Laurell first investigated the possibility of allelic variants of A1AT leading to disease in 1965. Alpha 1- ...
Exposure to cold and respiratory tract infections,url=,journal=The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, ... Common colds are defined as upper respiratory tract infections that affect the predominantly nasal part of the respiratory ... Supplementation on Upper Respiratory Tract Infections in Healthy Adults: The VIDARIS Randomized Controlled Trial,/subtitle,,url ... The economic burden of non-influenza-related viral respiratory tract infection in the United States,url=,journal=Arch. Intern. ...
Ciliated pseudostratified columnar (respiratory epithelium). Roof of pharynx Palatine tonsils. Non-keratinized stratified ... The tonsils are a set of lymphoid organs facing into the aerodigestive tract, which is known as Waldeyer's tonsillar ring and ... L. Michaels (1987). Normal Anatomy, Histology; Inflammatory Diseases. Springer London. ISBN 9781447133322. .. ... Ciliated pseudostratified columnar (respiratory epithelium). Incompletely encapsulated. No crypts, but small folds. Roof of ...
Disease * sw:Disease. Dmitri Mendeleev * sw:Dmitri Mendeleev. DNA * sw:DNA. Dog * sw:Dog. Dome * sw:Dome. Domestic pig * sw: ... Respiratory system * sw:Respiratory system. Rhine * sw:Rhine. Rice * sw:Rice. Richard Wagner * sw:Richard Wagner. Rio de ... Human gastrointestinal tract * sw:Human gastrointestinal tract. Human rights * sw:Human rights. Hundred Years' War * sw:Hundred ... Sexually transmitted disease * sw:Maradhi ya zinaa. Shāhnāma * sw:Shāhnāma. Shanghai * sw:Shanghai. Shark * sw:Shark. Sheep * ...
Respiratory tract. References[change , change source]. *↑ 1.0 1.1 Barrett, Kim E.; Barman, Susan M.; et al. (April 26, 2012). ... For example, people with asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) often use an inhaler when they have trouble ... "Introduction to Respiratory & Cardiovascular Physiology. University of the West of England, Bristol. 2016. Retrieved January 29 ...
Parkinson's Disease and Alzheimer's Disease.[3] There is also an interest in the military potential of biological neurotoxins ... Death often occurs from respiratory failure.[44] Saxitoxin was originally isolated and described by the United States military ... Skin, gastro-intestinal tract Lyngbya Saxitoxin Nerve synapse Anabaena, Aphanizomenon, Lyngbya, Cylindrospermopsis ... "Neurobiology of Disease. 25 (2): 360-366. doi:10.1016/j.nbd.2006.10.002. PMC 3959771. PMID 17098435.. ...
Like most viruses living along the respiratory tract, it is passed from person to person by tiny droplets in the air that are ... In "Manual for Surveillance of Vaccine-Preventable Diseases"". United States Centers for Disease Control and ... The disease is named German measles because it has a similar red rash to measles and was first described in detail by German ... Rubella (also known as German measles) is a disease caused by the Rubella virus. ...
Despite general symptoms and problems with the upper respiratory tract (such as high fever, headache, a dry irritating cough ... "Primary atypical pneumonia" at Dorland's Medical Dictionary Commission on Acute Respiratory Diseases, Fort Bragg, North ... As the disease progresses, however, the look can tend to lobar pneumonia. Absence of leukocytosis. Extrapulmonary symptoms, ... permanent dead link] Diseases Database Causes of atypical pneumonia Cunha BA (May 2006). "The atypical pneumonias: clinical ...
Respiratory system/. acute viral nasopharyngitis/. viral pneumonia. DNA virus. *Epstein-Barr virus *EBV infection/Infectious ... The initial site of infection may be the tonsils,[4] or possibly the gastrointestinal tract.[5] The virus then remains latent ... Zu Rhein, G.M.; Chou, S.M. (1965). "Particles Resembling Papova Viruses in Human Cerebral Demyelinating Disease". Science. 148 ... Zurhein, G; Chou, S. M. (1965). "Particles Resembling Papova Viruses in Human Cerebral Demyelinating Disease". Science. 148 ( ...
Once inside, these bacteria attach themselves to or invade specific cells in our respiratory system, digestive tract or in any ... Some bacteria can cause diseases, but others help us in everyday activities like digesting food (gut flora). Some even work for ...
"Association between respiratory tract diseases and secondhand smoke exposure among never smoking flight attendants: a cross- ... Other studies have found increased rates of breast and skin cancer,[47] reduced respiratory health,[48] adverse reproductive ... Poor cabin air quality is a subject of ongoing study in relation to symptoms such as headache, fatigue, fever, and respiratory ... There is also much concern regarding the transmission of contagious diseases, particularly tuberculosis. An open question ...
"Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases. 80 (1): 1-10. doi:10.4046/trd.2017.80.1.1. PMC 5256352. PMID 28119741.. ... Anticholinergics can cause dry mouth and urinary tract symptoms.[2] They are also associated with increased risk of heart ... Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Other names. Chronic obstructive lung disease (COLD), chronic obstructive airway disease ... American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. 187. Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease. pp. 1- ...
When inhaled the vapor produces a direct inflammatory effect on the respiratory tract. Respiratory damage is related to the ... 2008) Agricultural lung diseases. Environ Health Perspect 108:705-12. Hlastala MP, Ralph DD, Babb AL, Influence of gas physical ... Permanent damage to the upper respiratory tract, distal airways, and lung parenchyma occurs only if escape from the gas source ... Less soluble gases (e.g. nitrogen dioxide, phosgene, ozone) may not dissolve until they are well into the respiratory tract, ...
Many continue to have frequent infections of the ears and respiratory tract. The continued storage of GAGs in cells can lead to ... Hunter syndrome is one of several related lysosomal storage diseases called the MPS diseases. In Hunter syndrome, GAGs build up ... the effects of even mild disease are quite serious. Between the two main forms of disease, and even within them, two of the ... In Gangtok, the 8-year-old son of the editor of 'Voice of Sikkim' also suffers from the disease. A study in the United Kingdom ...
In general, rhinitis is the first sign in most people.[11][12] Involvement of the upper respiratory tract, such as the nose and ... Limited diseaseEdit. In generalised non-organ-threatening disease, remission can be achieved with a combination of methotrexate ... An early name for the disease was pathergic granulomatosis.[28] The disease is still sometimes confused with lethal midline ... GPA treatment depends on the severity of the disease.[8] Severe disease is typically treated with a combination of ...
... it is also effective in the treatment of urinary tract inflammatory disease in man.[47] For a time, bovine liver SOD even had ... Diminished SOD3 activity has been linked to lung diseases such as Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) or Chronic ... Role in disease[edit]. Mutations in the first SOD enzyme (SOD1) can cause familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS, a form ... This was cut short by concerns about prion disease.[citation needed] An SOD-mimetic agent, TEMPOL, is currently in clinical ...
Inhalation of such particles may cause or worsen respiratory diseases, such as emphysema or bronchitis, or may also aggravate ... Tractors and heavy equipmentEdit. Today's tractors and heavy equipment are mostly diesel-powered. Among tractors, only the ... Thus many farm tractors of the era could burn gasoline, alcohol, kerosene, and any light grade of fuel oil such as diesel fuel ... Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). 1995. Toxicological profile for fuel oils. Atlanta, GA: U.S. ...
... could compensate for both actual respiratory loading and potentially anticipated respiratory loading. The first dynamic ... Lidwell M C, "Cardiac Disease in Relation to Anaesthesia" in Transactions of the Third Session, Australasian Medical Congress, ... below the outflow tract, to prevent deterioration of the strength of the heart. The actual surgery typically lasts 30 to 90 ... sinus node disease (SND) or sick sinus syndrome. Where the problem is atrioventricular block (AVB) the pacemaker is required to ...
Diseases and disorders of the lungs or the vocal cords, including paralysis, respiratory infections (bronchitis), vocal fold ... which is then modified by the vocal tract and mouth into different vowels and consonants. However humans can pronounce words ... Various congenital and acquired tongue diseases can affect speech as can motor neuron disease. ... Diseases and disorders of the brain, including alogia, aphasias, dysarthria, dystonia and speech processing disorders, where ...
Chevita Aviosan sachets (Acute and chronical diseases of the respiratory organs.). £28.76 ... Dac Respiratory Red Mix 100 gr. (respiratory problems, salmonella and bacterial infections). £15.75 ... Baytril 10% 50ml drops Magistral Formula, (Respiratory and intestinal diseases). Pigeons and birds. ... A complete natural product designed to assist in the relief of respiratory problems. For Pigeons and birds. £12.51 ...
Complementary & alternative medicine , Lungs & airways , Respiratory infections. Infectious disease , Respiratory infections , ... virus of the genus Morbillivirus in the upper respiratory tract and conjunctiva. It can lead to serious complications and death ... Child health , Infectious disease , Respiratory infections: measles, mumps, rubella. Child health , Lungs & airways , ... Respiratory infections: measles, mumps, rubella. Complementary & alternative medicine , Infectious disease , Respiratory ...
The dblp computer science bibliography is the online reference for open bibliographic information on major computer science journals and proceedings.
We use cookies to improve your experience of the website. By continuing you accept that we use cookies.. More information:About cookies. ...
This topic contains 1 study abstract on Respiratory Tract Infections: Prevention indicating that the following substance may be ... Diseases : Respiratory Tract Infections, Respiratory Tract Infections: Prevention. Pharmacological Actions : Anti-Inflammatory ... 6 Abstracts with Respiratory Tract Infections: Prevention Research. Filter by Study Type. Human Study. ... Breastfeeding duration for 6 months or longer is associated with a reduced risk of lower respiratory tract infections in pre- ...
Diseases : Respiratory Tract Infections, Respiratory Tract Infections: Prevention. Pharmacological Actions : Anti-Inflammatory ... Diseases : Oxidative Stress, Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections, Respiratory Tract Infections. Pharmacological Actions : ... Diseases : Coronavirus Infection, Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Respiratory Tract Infections. Pharmacological Actions : Anti- ... Diseases : Bacterial Infections, Bacterial Vaginosis, Legionnaires disease, Pneumonia, Respiratory Tract Infections, Tobacco ...
RESPIRATORY TRACT DISEASES By: "Goat Handbook, United States, 1992". Original Document: Web Site. About the Author. Please Help ... The microorganisms (germs) which produce the actual disease process are often normal inhabitants of the respiratory tract. ... This disease is caused by Mycoplasma mycoides ss mycoides and is the most common cause of pneumonia in Arizona goats. The ... The disease occurs primarily in 2 to 10 week old kids. Two Arizona outbreaks were associated with the spring weather change of ...
Other diseases of upper respiratory tract, Chronic lower respiratory diseases, Lung diseases due to external agents, Other ... Other diseases of upper respiratory tract ICD-10-CM Code range J30-J39. The ICD-10 code range for ICD-10 Other diseases of ... ICD-10 Code range (J00-J99), Diseases of the respiratory system, contains ICD-10 codes for Acute upper respiratory infections, ... upper respiratory tract J30-J39 is medical classification list by the World Health Organization (WHO). ...
These phenotypes are associated with Respiratory Tract Diseases or its descendants. A phenotype has an inferred association via ... Disease. Chemical Inference Network. Gene Inference Network. References. 1.. cell proliferation Lung Neoplasms Inferred via 154 ... Lung Diseases Inferred via 79 chemicals: 1-nitropyrene , Acetaminophen , Acetylcysteine , Acrolein , Adrenal Cortex Hormones , ... Lung Diseases Inferred via 76 chemicals: Acetaminophen , Acetylcysteine , Acrolein , Air Pollutants , Albuterol , Aminophylline ...
Do lower respiratory tract infections in early childhood cause chronic obstructive pulmonary disease?. Shaheen SO1, Barker DJ, ... The hypothesis that lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) in early childhood lead to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease ...
Respiratory Tract Inflammation in Children With Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD). Official Title Pulmonary Inflammation in ... Respiratory Tract Inflammation in Children With Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD). This study has been completed. ... The purpose of this study is to determine whether inflammatory bowel disease in children involve the respiratory tract as ... Inflammatory bowel disease, Crohns disease (CD) and Ulcerative colitis (UC) are chronic inflammatory diseases with remissions ...
Obstruction des VRS dorigine neurologique Neurologic diseases causing upper respiratory tract obstructions in horses ... "Obstruction des VRS dorigine neurologique Neurologic diseases causing upper respiratory tract obstructions in horses", AVEF - ... conférence-annuelle-tours-2019/obstruction-des-vrs-dorigine-neurologique-neurologic-diseases-causing-upper-respiratory-tract ( ... Comparative Neuromuscular Diseases Laboratory, Department of Clinical Sciences and Services, Royal Veterinary College, ...
Children are susceptible to bacterial infections during or soon after upper respiratory tract infection (URI). We describe ... Microbial Interactions during Upper Respiratory Tract Infections. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2008;14(10):1584-1591. doi: ... Watson K, Carville K, Bowman J, Jacoby P, Riley TV, Leach AJ, Upper respiratory tract bacterial carriage in Aboriginal and non- ... Chonmaitree T, Revai K, Grady JJ, Clos A, Patel JA, Nair S, Viral upper respiratory tract infection and otitis media ...
... the condition is referred to as chronic upper respiratory tract disease. A runny or stuffed-up nose is the most common clinical ... When clinical signs of upper respiratory tract inflammation, such as sneezing or nasal and eye discharge, persist over weeks or ... chronic upper respiratory tract disease is a relatively common problem.". In unvaccinated cats, chronic upper respiratory tract ... What is the upper respiratory tract?. The upper respiratory tract includes the nose, the throat (pharynx and larynx), and the ...
Archives of Disease in Childhood Jan 2020, 105 (1) 53-61; DOI: 10.1136/archdischild-2018-316693 ...
Laparoscopic Anti-reflux Surgery As a Definitive Treatment in Refractory Upper and Lower Respiratory Tract Diseases.. ... LARS is highly effective and should be offered to cases of failed medical treatment of upper and lower respiratory tract ... Reflux resulting in aspiration can result in lower respiratory tract illnesses such as asthma and pulmonary fibrosis. ... LARS can be seen as a definitive treatment in failed medical management of upper and lower respiratory and ENT cases. The ...
The role of Chlamydia pneumoniae in the etiology of acute lower respiratory tract infections in infants and children is little ... pneumoniae infection in hospitalized infants and children with acute lower respiratory tract disease by cell culture, ... Respiratory Tract Infections / diagnosis, epidemiology, microbiology*. Serologic Tests. From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of ... Results of this study indicate that C. pneumoniae plays a minor role in the etiology of respiratory tract infections in infants ...
... Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseas. ... What can you do if you have Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)?. By trimurtulu in forum Health & Lifestyle ... Advance Toward Early Diagnosis Of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. By trimurtulu in forum Latest Research And Medical ... Respiratory Tract Pathology Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease video class. * If this is your first visit, be sure to check ...
... of the respiratory secretion samples they had collected from patients with respiratory tract in ... reporting evidence of XMRV in the respiratory tract secretions of 2% to 10% of patients presenting with respiratory tract ... Xenotropic Murine Leukemia Virus-related Gammaretrovirus in Respiratory Tract - Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases, expedited ... To begin to answer some of them, we looked for XMRV in respiratory samples from 267 patients with respiratory tract infection ( ...
In fact, mycoplasma is not only responsible for respiratory tract infections such as pneumonia in children and adults, it can ... 03/21/2017 Brain Diseases An International study with participation of the UB proves that Huntingtons disease alters neurons ... The bacterium Mycoplasma pneumoniae can trigger the autoimmune disease GBS. (Image: Front Microbiol.2016;7:329). The bacterium ... 06/20/2017 Brain Diseases Genetic modifier for Huntingtons disease progression identified - See more at: ...
Infectious causes for feline upper respiratory tract disease - a case-control study. Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery. ... Update on Feline Infectious Upper Respiratory Tract Disease (URTD) World Small Animal Veterinary Association World Congress ... These techniques rehydrate the upper respiratory tract, loosen secretions, and increase comfort. ... Famciclovir, an oral antiviral, is being increasingly used for FHV-associated disease (especially ocular disease but URTD too) ...
symptoms of bullous lung disease over a year ago. Cigarette smoke inhaled directly/passively equally dangerous over a year ago ... As the disease progresses both of these symptoms are becoming worse.. Other signs and symptoms of emphysema include:. *Chronic ... The result is that the small airways collapse during expiration, leading to an obstructive form of lung disease . Cigarette ... Comments and reviews on article Lung Diseases: Emphysema & tobacco smoke over a year ago. ...
Cupping Therapy for 103 Cases of High Fever Due to Infection fo the Upper Respiratory Tract (Articles) ... Cupping Therapy For 103 Cases of High Fever Due to Infection of the Upper Respiratory Tract. ...
Natures Revenge: Ten Diseases Of Humans That Came In From The Wild. Both animals we love, like cats, and animals we hate, like ... of people who catch the disease, the most serious symptom is an unusual appreciation for cats, but your history of owning cats ... or if you develop any form of immune deficiency disease. ... Respiratory tract disorders and diseases How Cat Parasites ... rats, can be the source of infectious diseases that affect tens of millions of people. From Ebola virus to cat scratch fever, ...
Compositional characterisation of human respiratory tract lining fluids for the design of disease specific simulants ... The respiratory tract lining fluid (RTLF) is the first physical interface with which inhaled materials and aerosolised drugs ... smoking status and the presence of established respiratory disease. Within the asthmatic group I observed evidence of an ... bronchial and alveolar compartments revealed marked compositional differences throughout the respiratory tract in healthy ...
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Centers RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.. ...
Respiratory System Respiratory Tract Infection Respiratory Tract Infections Retroviridae Infections RNA, Viral Sequence ... To identify nucleic acid sequences, we examined respiratory secretions by using PCR. XMRV-specific sequences were detected in 2 ... Infection of Female Primary Lower Genital Tract Epithelial Cells after Natural Pseudotyping of HIV-1: Possible Implications for ...
Clinical relapses and disease activity on magnetic resonance imaging associated with viral upper respiratory tract infections ... Clinical relapses and disease activity on magnetic resonance imaging associated with viral upper respiratory tract infections ... Clinical relapses and disease activity on magnetic resonance imaging associated with viral upper respiratory tract infections ...
Clinical relapses and disease activity on magnetic resonance imaging associated with viral upper respiratory tract infections ... Clinical relapses and disease activity on magnetic resonance imaging associated with viral upper respiratory tract infections ... Our serological data, although limited by the availability and complexity of tests for common upper respiratory tract viruses, ... 5-8 The finding that infections of the upper respiratory tract (URTI) are significantly associated with clinical exacerbations ...
Propolis May Help Treat Chronic Diseases of the Upper Respiratory Tract and Ears ... of the propolis-based pharmacological products for the treatment of acute and chronic diseases of the upper respiratory tract ...
  • Respiratory diseases affect the upper respiratory tract and can result in difficulty breathing, decreased lung capacity, asthma, emphysema and a host of other conditions. (
  • Bronchial asthma Is a chronic inflammatory disease of the respiratory tract, manifested by attacks of dyspnea, which are often accompanied by a cough and can develop into attacks of suffocation. (
  • Hundreds of millions of people of all ages, children, men, women and all countries of the world suffer from asthmatic diseases, without exception. (
  • The following information is about Tylan Soluble (powder) that is dissolved into drinking water and commonly prescribed to chickens with respiratory problems. (
  • Evidence indicates that echinacea potently lowers the risk of recurrent respiratory infections and complications. (
  • Breastfeeding duration for 6 months or longer is associated with a reduced risk of lower respiratory tract infections in pre-school children. (
  • Serum vitamin D levels are inversely associated with recent respiratory tract infections. (
  • Yogurt supplemented with probiotics can protect the healthy elderly from respiratory infections. (
  • There is a considerable evidence that shows effectiveness of Echinacea products in prevention and treatment of respiratory tract infections. (
  • Effect of micronutrient supplements on influenza and other respiratory tract infections. (
  • Vitamin D decreases the events related to respiratory tract infections. (
  • Andrographis has a positive effect in the treatment of acute upper respiratory tract infections and also relieves the inflammatory symptoms of sinusitis. (
  • Both of the homeopathic products in this study led to a comparable reduction of upper respiratory tract infections. (
  • ICD-10 Code range (J00-J99), Diseases of the respiratory system, contains ICD-10 codes for Acute upper respiratory infections, Influenza and pneumonia, Other acute lower respiratory infections, Other diseases of upper respiratory tract, Chronic lower respiratory diseases, Lung diseases due to external agents, Other respiratory diseases principally affecting the interstitium. (
  • Do lower respiratory tract infections in early childhood cause chronic obstructive pulmonary disease? (
  • The hypothesis that lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) in early childhood lead to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in late adult life has been difficult to test. (
  • Children are susceptible to bacterial infections during or soon after upper respiratory tract infection (URI). (
  • S. aureus strains colonize up to 35% of young children and are associated with a wide range of diseases including soft tissue infections, sepsis, and pneumonia ( 7 , 8 ). (
  • Chlamydophila felis and Bordetella are bacteria that can cause primary respiratory infections in cats. (
  • A group of organisms called Mycoplasma can cause primary respiratory and eye infections, or play a secondary role, along with bacteria such as Pasteurella, Streptococci, Staphylococci , and many others. (
  • The role of Chlamydia pneumoniae in the etiology of acute lower respiratory tract infections in infants and children is little understood. (
  • Results of this study indicate that C. pneumoniae plays a minor role in the etiology of respiratory tract infections in infants and young children. (
  • The Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC) has expedited the release of this research, reporting evidence of XMRV in the respiratory tract secretions of 2% to 10% of patients presenting with respiratory tract infections (and 3% of control subjects) in a German study. (
  • In fact, mycoplasma is not only responsible for respiratory tract infections such as pneumonia in children and adults, it can also trigger Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) in infected individuals. (
  • BACKGROUND Although the risk of clinical attacks of multiple sclerosis seems to be significantly increased with viral upper respiratory tract infections (URTI), serological evidence for the reported association remains controversial. (
  • 5-8 The finding that infections of the upper respiratory tract (URTI) are significantly associated with clinical exacerbations of multiple sclerosis, 9-13 suggests that viruses may have a triggering role in the events that lead to blood-brain barrier breakdown or its inflammatory consequences. (
  • Both relapses and viral infections seem to be less common as the disease progresses. (
  • Respiratory tract infections (RTIs) remain among of the most important causes of morbidity and mortality among children. (
  • Most of the deaths avoided would be related to diarrhoeal infections, acute respiratory infections (ARIs) and malnutrition [1]. (
  • To determine some diagnostic accuracy, the metabolomic model of healthy children vs. RSV was presented blinded metabolomic data from children with respiratory distress from non-RSV infections. (
  • To our knowledge, no systematic review has been published on their efficacy and safety for acute upper and lower respiratory tract infections (RTIs) in children without chronic broncho-pulmonary disease. (
  • It is therefore unsurprising that upper respiratory tract infections are a major health concern. (
  • The goal of this project is to investigate potential associations between weight status and clinical outcomes of children treated for viral or bacterial lower respiratory tract infections or asthma. (
  • It can also be persistent (inflammation of the larynx, bronchi) and periodic (the flu, acute respiratory infections, pneumonia). (
  • Although the burden of influenza is often discussed in the context of historical pandemics and the threat of future pandemics, every year a substantial burden of lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) and other respiratory conditions (like chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) are attributable to seasonal influenza. (
  • Scientists came to the conclusion that people who have been smoking for more than ten years caused severe damage to their body, especially lungs, which have a tendency to develop various diseases and infections due to harmful effects. (
  • The most common respiratory diseases are acute respiratory infections, found in both adults and children. (
  • This is a respiratory disease associated with the chronic bronchitis, which is often caused by infections and smoking. (
  • Feline herpesvirus (FHV) is a common cause of respiratory infections in cats housed in shelter situations. (
  • In our body's respiratory system , the tracheal dis-ease , Tracheitis , as a respiratory tract dis-ease is an inflammation of the trachea that, usually associated with respiratory tract infections . (
  • The Infectious Diseases Management Program (IDMP) at UCSF is an interprofessional and interhospital collaboration aimed at improving antimicrobial use and the care of patients with infections. (
  • Herpesvirus is the most common upper respiratory tract infections in cats, so I felt it was important to dedicate time to sharing information about it. (
  • Mardani M. The Impact of Tonsillectomy Upon Respiratory Tract Infections, Arch Clin Infect Dis. (
  • A population based study of 1.2 million patients suggested that people, who have their tonsils or adenoids removed, before the age of nine years are at higher risk for respiratory infections and allergic sicknesses, for as long as the age of 30 years old ( 2 , 3 ). (
  • Acute viral respiratory infections are an important cause of morbidity and mortality in humans worldwide. (
  • The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of human coronavirus infections in a series of children hospitalized with symptoms of acute respiratory tract disease in a one-year period in Slovenia. (
  • Of the HCoV-positive children, 70.3% had lower respiratory tract infections. (
  • The results of our study show that HCoV are frequently detected human pathogens, often associated with other respiratory viruses and acute respiratory tract infections in hospitalized children. (
  • The viruses most frequently associated with respiratory tract infections include respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), parainfluenza viruses (PIV), influenza viruses (Flu), adenoviruses (AdV), human rhinoviruses (hRV), and enteroviruses, and less commonly, human metapneumovirus (hMPV), human bocavirus (HBoV), and human coronaviruses (HCoV). (
  • From June 2007 to May 2008, 897 respiratory specimens from 741 pediatric patients hospitalized at the University Children's Hospital in Ljubljana with acute respiratory tract infections (ARTIs), were sent to the laboratory of the Institute of Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ljubljana, for the routine detection of respiratory viruses. (
  • abstract = "Respiratory tract disease can be associated with primary or secondary bacterial infections in dogs and cats and is a common reason for use and potential misuse, improper use, and overuse of antimicrobials. (
  • In this text, we will discuss about the relationship between respiratory tract infections and Nephrotic Syndrome. (
  • Acute respiratory infections (ARIs) continue as the leading cause of mortality in under 5-year-old children worldwide. (
  • Despite the overlap of immune deficiency, pulmonary infections and chronic lung disease, little is knov/n about respiratory microbiome changes in HIV/AIDS, its relationship to infectious complications, and role in chronic pulmonary diseases. (
  • Other parasitic infections, such as the zoonotic filariae, dirofilariasis, ascariasis, strongyloides, visceral larva migrans and hookworm disease, may also be confused with tropical pulmonary eosinophilia because of overlapping clinical features, serological profile and response to diethylcarbamazine. (
  • HIV-infected patients have an increased incidence of emphysema compared to non-HIV-infected patients, and it has been hypothesized that this accelerated disease progression is the result of one or more latent infections that amplifies the pulmonary inflammatory response. (
  • It can manifest as diseases of the respiratory system (lung cancer, tuberculosis, lung abscess) and diseases of the cardiovascular system (valvular heart disease). (
  • Tuberculosis and respiratory diseases : papers presented at the plenary sessions of the XXVIth World Conference of the International Union against Tuberculosis, Singapore 4-7 November 1986 / organised by Singapore Anti-Tuberculosis Association. (
  • One study in adult IBD patients showed increase in FeNO levels in those patients, with positive correlation with the disease activity and negative correlation between the disease activity and pulmonary functions. (
  • What can you do if you have Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)? (
  • 31 had an RTI with underlying chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), of whom 1 (2.3%) was XMRV positive (all residents of North Germany). (
  • smoking is by far the most common cause of emphysema and is responsible for approximately 80-90% of deaths due to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. (
  • Emphysema and chronic bronchitis frequently co-exist together to comprise chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. (
  • The aim of this thesis was to investigate the composition of this extracellular compartment using human lavage samples from healthy volunteers, asthmatics and patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) to guide the development of a series of lung lining fluid simulants for the testing of inhaled drugs. (
  • COPD stands for chronic (KRON-ick) obstructive (ob-STRUCK-tiv) pulmonary (PULL-muhnair-ee) disease. (
  • Bronchitis and emphysema often occur at the same time and the term Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease refers to the restriction of the airflow that result from either of these conditions. (
  • Smoking is the most common cause of Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and therefore in order to prevent or reduce the onset of the condition, it is advised to avoid or quit smoking. (
  • A susceptible group is the more than 200 million people worldwide suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). (
  • More than 10 million people suffer from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). (
  • It has been found that tonsillectomy is related to a nearly tripled threat of upper respiratory tract diseases, and that adenoidectomy becomes related to doubled hazard of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and upper respiratory tract diseases, and almost doubled chance of conjunctivitis ( 4 ). (
  • Pulmonary complications are a principal cause of morbidity and mortality in untreated HIV/AIDS, but infectious and noninfectious respiratory illnesses remain major problems even in effectively treated patients. (
  • OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to compare the clinical characteristics, prophylaxis, treatment, and outcomes of venous thromboembolism in patients with and without previously diagnosed chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. (
  • METHODS: We analyzed the population-based Worcester Venous Thromboembolism Study of 2488 consecutive patients with validated venous thromboembolism to compare clinical characteristics, prophylaxis, treatment, and outcomes in patients with and without chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. (
  • RESULTS: Of 2488 patients with venous thromboembolism, 484 (19.5%) had a history of clinical chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and 2004 (80.5%) did not. (
  • 0001). Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease demonstrated increased mortality despite a higher frequency of venous thromboembolism prophylaxis. (
  • CONCLUSION: Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease have an increased risk of dying during hospitalization and within 30 days of venous thromboembolism diagnosis. (
  • Immobility in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is an ominous risk factor for adverse outcomes. (
  • Laparoscopic Anti-reflux Surgery As a Definitive Treatment in Refractory Upper and Lower Respiratory Tract Diseases. (
  • We aimed to analyse our data on LARS performed as a definite treatment in the management of refractory upper and lower respiratory diseases. (
  • LARS can be seen as a definitive treatment in failed medical management of upper and lower respiratory and ENT cases. (
  • LARS is highly effective and should be offered to cases of failed medical treatment of upper and lower respiratory tract illnesses arising from GORD. (
  • Lower respiratory tract illness (LRTI) is an important health problem in early childhood. (
  • When a respiratory condition is described as occurring in more than one site and is not specifically indexed, it should be classified to the lower anatomic site (e.g. tracheobronchitis to bronchitis in J40 ). (
  • Hospitalization rates for lower respiratory tract disease were lower in Middlesex-London compared to Ontario from 2006 to 2017, but then edged slightly higher in 2018 (214.9 vs. 211.4 per 100,000). (
  • The objectives were to characterize the upper and lower respiratory tract microbiota associated with respiratory health and IAD, and to investigate the effects of dexamethasone on these bacterial communities using high throughput sequencing. (
  • The upper and lower respiratory tract microbiota differed in healthy horses, with a decrease in richness in the lower airways, and 2 OTUs that differed in abundance. (
  • The lower respiratory tract microbiota differed between healthy and IAD horses. (
  • Dexamethasone treatment affected the lower respiratory tract microbiota, which suggests that control of bacterial overgrowth in IAD horses treated with dexamethasone could be part of the treatment strategy. (
  • However, as corticosteroids can cause immunosuppression within the respiratory tract [ 16 ], treating IAD with dexamethasone could potentially influence the lower respiratory tract bacterial communities, promoting the overgrowth of specific bacteria, which may in turn contribute to recrudescence of disease upon cessation of treatment. (
  • Alastair D. Hay, MBChB, MD, from the University of Bristol in the United Kingdom, and colleagues conducted a randomized trial in 54 family practices in England involving 401 patients with acute cough and at least 1 lower respiratory tract symptom. (
  • Among men, absolute inequalities mainly increased as a result of cardiovascular diseases, lung cancer, and chronic lower respiratory tract diseases. (
  • Among women this was mainly due to lung cancer and chronic lower respiratory tract diseases. (
  • Chronic lower respiratory tract diseases contributed more to the disparities in inequalities among women than among men. (
  • Inadequate immune responses, as well as a dysbiosis of the sinonasal microbiota, have been put forward as aetiological factors of the disease. (
  • Adequate in vitro models mimicking the in vivo environment allow initial testing of numerous conditions such as effects of pathogen or allergen exposure on the host, influence of physical changes in the host microenvironment on both host and microbiota or exploration of the potency of probiotics or biologicals in disease prevention and/or control. (
  • Beverly Merritt, Technical Writer-Editor, Emerging Infectious Diseases. (
  • Accordingly, the International Society for Companion Animal Infectious Diseases convened a Working Group of clinical microbiologists, pharmacologists, and internists to share experiences, examine scientific data, review clinical trials, and develop these guidelines to assist veterinarians in making antimicrobial treatment choices for use in the management of bacterial respiratory diseases in dogs and cats. (
  • Those with symptoms of acute respiratory disease such as fevers, acute change in cough or shortness of breath, or weight loss will be excluded. (
  • However, despite the prevalence of this disease, there is no consensus on the aetiology and mechanisms of pathogenesis of CRS. (
  • The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of HCoV in a series of hospitalized infants and young children with symptoms of respiratory tract disease at the University Children's Hospital in Ljubljana from June 2007 to May 2008. (
  • The present report describes methodological aspects of a respiratory disease point prevalence survey from India. (
  • We decided to review available data about the incidence and prevalence of all diseases included in this category in Iran. (
  • Also the article states necessary steps of diagnosis of respiratory diseases and treatment by way of medicine for better results. (
  • X-ray diagnosis of respiratory diseases] / L. S. Rozenshtraukh, N. I. Roribakova, M. G. Vinner. (
  • We hypothesize that HIV leads to progressive changes in the respiratory tract microbiome. (
  • The authors analyze the literature publications and the results of their original investigations concerning the application of the propolis-based pharmacological products for the treatment of acute and chronic diseases of the upper respiratory tract and ears. (
  • The Global Burden of Disease Study (GBD) 2017 is a systematic scientific effort to quantify the health loss associated with a comprehensive set of diseases and disabilities. (
  • The significant finding of this study was that 41 (82%) of patients were off all medications indicating the effectiveness in curing the ENT and respiratory complications as a consequence of GORD. (
  • Because of this anatomical connection, the conjunctivae are often grouped in as part of the upper respiratory tract and may be affected with upper respiratory disease. (
  • 2007). "Effects of dietary lysine supplementation in cats with enzootic upper respiratory disease. (
  • 6 OTUs in the tracheal community had different abundance with disease status, with Streptococcus being increased in IAD horses. (
  • The surface of the respiratory tract is lined with a mucous membrane, which is a layer containing specialized cells that secrete a protective mucus coating onto the tissue surface. (
  • The microorganisms (germs) which produce the actual disease process are often normal inhabitants of the respiratory tract. (
  • These microorganisms are prevented from causing disease by the normal animal's body defense mechanisms. (
  • This disease is caused by gram-positive and gram-negative microorganisms, mycoplasma, viruses, and fungi. (
  • In addition, although MRI is six to 10 times more sensitive than clinical exacerbations in indexing disease activity, any possible association between URTI and MRI activity has yet to be investigated. (
  • OBJECTIVES To examine the relation between URTI and disease activity, in multiple sclerosis patients participating in a placebo controlled trial of interferon β-1a, as indexed both by clinical exacerbation rate and by the number and volume of gadolinium - diethylenetriaminepenta acetic acid (Gd-DTPA) enhancing lesions on MRI. (
  • Furthermore, as MRI is between six and 10 times more sensitive than clinical signs or symptoms in the assessment of disease activity, 14-18 a stronger relation between URTI and active, ongoing acute changes on MRI might be expected. (
  • Leprosy of upper respiratory tract : atlas of clinical picture and notes on the research (1938-43 / by Y. Yoshie. (
  • Clinical Infectious Diseases. (
  • Phase II clinical trials test the safety and effectiveness of an investigational intervention to learn whether the intervention works in treating a specific disease. (
  • While the investigators calculated the long-term risks of 28 different diseases among each group, they discovered that tonsillectomy is associated with nearly a three-fold relative risk (RR) of illnesses of the upper respiratory tract as compared with children, who had not had their tonsils removed ( 4 ). (
  • Validation of the model: prediction scores for children with other causes of respiratory distress. (
  • In addition, induction of a local immune response in the respiratory tract is an important advantage that is likely to reduce or prevent transmission of the virus during an outbreak or a pandemic. (
  • We recently evaluated the avian paramyxovirus Newcastle disease virus (NDV) as a vaccine vector administered to the respiratory tract in nonhuman primates and showed that it was highly attenuated and yet induced a substantial immune response against expressed foreign antigens ( 2 ). (
  • The main symptom of the disease is mucus secretion, which causes very unpleasant consequences. (
  • What must happen to cause obstructive disease? (
  • The most important airway-unrelated comorbid conditions are obesity, obstructive sleep apnoea, gastro-oesophageal reflux disease and anxiety and depression. (
  • The ICD-10 code range for ICD-10 Other diseases of upper respiratory tract J30-J39 is medical classification list by the World Health Organization (WHO). (
  • Comorbidity is the presence of one or more diseases or disorders occurring concurrently with a primary disease or disorder. (
  • Our findings suggest a dose-response between duration of SHS exposure and diseases of the respiratory tract. (
  • According to United States Surgeon General's Report, available evidence suggests a causal relationship between secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure and tobacco-related diseases [ 1 ]. (
  • The Assessment of respiratory and dermal exposure to pesticides : a review of current practice / prepared by Anthony Findlay. (
  • The purpose of this study is to determine whether inflammatory bowel disease in children involve the respiratory tract as expressed by increased levels of the Fraction of exhaled Nitric Oxide (FeNO) and spirometry. (
  • Streptococcus pneumoniae , Haemophilus influenzae , Moraxella catarrhalis , and Staphylococcus aureus often asymptomatically colonize the nasopharynx of young children and are also associated with disease. (
  • Risk factors for invasive disease caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae among Alaska native children yo. (
  • KI virus was detected in respiratory secretions of 8/367 (2.2%) symptomatic and 0/96 asymptomatic children (p = 0.215). (
  • RePub, Erasmus University Repository: A newly discovered human pneumovirus isolated from young children with respiratory tract disease. (
  • Chronic respiratory diseases in children in relation to air pollution : report on a WHO study / J. R. T. Colley, L. J. Brasser. (
  • The 664 specimens from 592 children under six years of age hospitalized at the University Children's Hospital in Ljubljana were sent for the routine laboratory detection of respiratory viruses. (
  • Remaining 233 (26%) respiratory specimens were collected from 149 children either older than 72 months or were taken during the same hospitalization event. (
  • Some children with this disease may also have enlarged lymph nodes in the neck and elsewhere. (
  • The relevance of this study is of high value, because according to the statistics respiratory diseases occupy the third place after oncology and diseases of the cardiovascular system. (
  • In an individual cat, identification of the aetiological agent(s) responsible for URTD, especially in acute disease, may not be required. (
  • Mycoplasma agassizii is one of the known causative agents of upper respiratory tract disease (URTD) in Mojave desert tortoises (Gopherus agassizii) and in gopher tortoises (Gopherus polyphemus). (