Invasion of the host RESPIRATORY SYSTEM by microorganisms, usually leading to pathological processes or diseases.
Diseases in any part of the BILIARY TRACT including the BILE DUCTS and the GALLBLADDER.
Pneumovirus infections caused by the RESPIRATORY SYNCYTIAL VIRUSES. Humans and cattle are most affected but infections in goats and sheep have been reported.
A group of viruses in the PNEUMOVIRUS genus causing respiratory infections in various mammals. Humans and cattle are most affected but infections in goats and sheep have also been reported.
The type species of PNEUMOVIRUS and an important cause of lower respiratory disease in infants and young children. It frequently presents with bronchitis and bronchopneumonia and is further characterized by fever, cough, dyspnea, wheezing, and pallor.
A genus of the subfamily PNEUMOVIRINAE, containing two members: Turkey rhinotracheitis virus and a human Metapneumovirus. Virions lack HEMAGGLUTININ and NEURAMINIDASE.
A genus in the subfamily PARVOVIRINAE comprising three species: Bovine parvovirus, Canine minute virus, and HUMAN BOCAVIRUS.
Infections with viruses of the family PARAMYXOVIRIDAE. This includes MORBILLIVIRUS INFECTIONS; RESPIROVIRUS INFECTIONS; PNEUMOVIRUS INFECTIONS; HENIPAVIRUS INFECTIONS; AVULAVIRUS INFECTIONS; and RUBULAVIRUS INFECTIONS.
A species of the genus VESIVIRUS infecting cats. Transmission occurs via air and mechanical contact.
Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent infection with RESPIRATORY SYNCYTIAL VIRUSES.
Virus diseases caused by the CORONAVIRUS genus. Some specifics include transmissible enteritis of turkeys (ENTERITIS, TRANSMISSIBLE, OF TURKEYS); FELINE INFECTIOUS PERITONITIS; and transmissible gastroenteritis of swine (GASTROENTERITIS, TRANSMISSIBLE, OF SWINE).
A member of the family PARVOVIRIDAE, subfamily PARVOVIRINAE, originally isolated from human nasopharyngeal aspirates in patients with respiratory disease.
Infections with viruses of the genus RESPIROVIRUS, family PARAMYXOVIRIDAE. Host cell infection occurs by adsorption, via HEMAGGLUTININ, to the cell surface.
Virus infections caused by the PARVOVIRIDAE.
A genus of the family CORONAVIRIDAE which causes respiratory or gastrointestinal disease in a variety of vertebrates.
Infections with species of the genus MYCOPLASMA.
A species of RESPIROVIRUS frequently isolated from small children with pharyngitis, bronchitis, and pneumonia.
Inflammation of the lung parenchyma that is caused by a viral infection.
The tubular and cavernous organs and structures, by means of which pulmonary ventilation and gas exchange between ambient air and the blood are brought about.
An infant during the first month after birth.
Pathological processes of the URINARY TRACT in both males and females.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Diseases of domestic cattle of the genus Bos. It includes diseases of cows, yaks, and zebus.
Disease having a short and relatively severe course.
Immunoglobulins produced in response to VIRAL ANTIGENS.
Proteins, usually glycoproteins, found in the viral envelopes of a variety of viruses. They promote cell membrane fusion and thereby may function in the uptake of the virus by cells.
Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.
Diseases in any part of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT or the accessory organs (LIVER; BILIARY TRACT; PANCREAS).
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
Presence or formation of GALLSTONES in the BILIARY TRACT, usually in the gallbladder (CHOLECYSTOLITHIASIS) or the common bile duct (CHOLEDOCHOLITHIASIS).
The confinement of a patient in a hospital.
Agents used in the prophylaxis or therapy of VIRUS DISEASES. Some of the ways they may act include preventing viral replication by inhibiting viral DNA polymerase; binding to specific cell-surface receptors and inhibiting viral penetration or uncoating; inhibiting viral protein synthesis; or blocking late stages of virus assembly.
The process of intracellular viral multiplication, consisting of the synthesis of PROTEINS; NUCLEIC ACIDS; and sometimes LIPIDS, and their assembly into a new infectious particle.
The duct which coveys URINE from the pelvis of the KIDNEY through the URETERS, BLADDER, and URETHRA.
Inflammation of the GALLBLADDER; generally caused by impairment of BILE flow, GALLSTONES in the BILIARY TRACT, infections, or other diseases.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
Diseases of the domestic cat (Felis catus or F. domesticus). This term does not include diseases of the so-called big cats such as CHEETAHS; LIONS; tigers, cougars, panthers, leopards, and other Felidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.
Diseases in any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM.
Endoscopes for examining the interior of the esophagus.
Endoscopes used for examining the interior of the stomach.
Inflammatory responses of the epithelium of the URINARY TRACT to microbial invasions. They are often bacterial infections with associated BACTERIURIA and PYURIA.
Low-density crystals or stones in any part of the URINARY TRACT. Their chemical compositions often include CALCIUM OXALATE, magnesium ammonium phosphate (struvite), CYSTINE, or URIC ACID.
Inflammation of the VULVA. It is characterized by PRURITUS and painful urination.
Surgical removal of the GALLBLADDER.
Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.
The BILE DUCTS and the GALLBLADDER.
A genus of gram-negative, mostly facultatively anaerobic bacteria in the family MYCOPLASMATACEAE. The cells are bounded by a PLASMA MEMBRANE and lack a true CELL WALL. Its organisms are pathogens found on the MUCOUS MEMBRANES of humans, ANIMALS, and BIRDS.
The top portion of the pharynx situated posterior to the nose and superior to the SOFT PALATE. The nasopharynx is the posterior extension of the nasal cavities and has a respiratory function.
Solid crystalline precipitates in the BILIARY TRACT, usually formed in the GALLBLADDER, resulting in the condition of CHOLELITHIASIS. Gallstones, derived from the BILE, consist mainly of calcium, cholesterol, or bilirubin.
The cartilaginous and membranous tube descending from the larynx and branching into the right and left main bronchi.
Pathological processes of the PANCREAS.
Generally refers to the digestive structures stretching from the MOUTH to ANUS, but does not include the accessory glandular organs (LIVER; BILIARY TRACT; PANCREAS).
Gram-negative aerobic cocci of low virulence that colonize the nasopharynx and occasionally cause MENINGITIS; BACTEREMIA; EMPYEMA; PERICARDITIS; and PNEUMONIA.
The mucous lining of the NASAL CAVITY, including lining of the nostril (vestibule) and the OLFACTORY MUCOSA. Nasal mucosa consists of ciliated cells, GOBLET CELLS, brush cells, small granule cells, basal cells (STEM CELLS) and glands containing both mucous and serous cells.
Impairment of bile flow due to obstruction in small bile ducts (INTRAHEPATIC CHOLESTASIS) or obstruction in large bile ducts (EXTRAHEPATIC CHOLESTASIS).
Impairment of bile flow in the large BILE DUCTS by mechanical obstruction or stricture due to benign or malignant processes.
An emulsifying agent produced in the LIVER and secreted into the DUODENUM. Its composition includes BILE ACIDS AND SALTS; CHOLESTEROL; and ELECTROLYTES. It aids DIGESTION of fats in the duodenum.
A species of HAEMOPHILUS found on the mucous membranes of humans and a variety of animals. The species is further divided into biotypes I through VIII.
A storage reservoir for BILE secretion. Gallbladder allows the delivery of bile acids at a high concentration and in a controlled manner, via the CYSTIC DUCT to the DUODENUM, for degradation of dietary lipid.
INFLAMMATION of the PANCREAS. Pancreatitis is classified as acute unless there are computed tomographic or endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatographic findings of CHRONIC PANCREATITIS (International Symposium on Acute Pancreatitis, Atlanta, 1992). The two most common forms of acute pancreatitis are ALCOHOLIC PANCREATITIS and gallstone pancreatitis.
A general term for diseases produced by viruses.
Fiberoptic endoscopy designed for duodenal observation and cannulation of VATER'S AMPULLA, in order to visualize the pancreatic and biliary duct system by retrograde injection of contrast media. Endoscopic (Vater) papillotomy (SPHINCTEROTOMY, ENDOSCOPIC) may be performed during this procedure.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Inflammation of the large airways in the lung including any part of the BRONCHI, from the PRIMARY BRONCHI to the TERTIARY BRONCHI.
Immunoglobulins produced in a response to BACTERIAL ANTIGENS.
A gram-positive organism found in the upper respiratory tract, inflammatory exudates, and various body fluids of normal and/or diseased humans and, rarely, domestic animals.
Colloids with a gaseous dispersing phase and either liquid (fog) or solid (smoke) dispersed phase; used in fumigation or in inhalation therapy; may contain propellant agents.
A part of the upper respiratory tract. It contains the organ of SMELL. The term includes the external nose, the nasal cavity, and the PARANASAL SINUSES.
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
Infections with bacteria of the genus BORDETELLA.
Fibers that arise from cells within the cerebral cortex, pass through the medullary pyramid, and descend in the spinal cord. Many authorities say the pyramidal tracts include both the corticospinal and corticobulbar tracts.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
A catarrhal disorder of the upper respiratory tract, which may be viral or a mixed infection. It generally involves a runny nose, nasal congestion, and sneezing.
Infection of the lung often accompanied by inflammation.
The domestic cat, Felis catus, of the carnivore family FELIDAE, comprising over 30 different breeds. The domestic cat is descended primarily from the wild cat of Africa and extreme southwestern Asia. Though probably present in towns in Palestine as long ago as 7000 years, actual domestication occurred in Egypt about 4000 years ago. (From Walker's Mammals of the World, 6th ed, p801)
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
The proximal portion of the respiratory passages on either side of the NASAL SEPTUM. Nasal cavities, extending from the nares to the NASOPHARYNX, are lined with ciliated NASAL MUCOSA.
A species of BORDETELLA that is parasitic and pathogenic. It is found in the respiratory tract of domestic and wild mammalian animals and can be transmitted from animals to man. It is a common cause of bronchopneumonia in lower animals.
Infections with bacteria of the genus HAEMOPHILUS.
Infections with bacteria of the family NEISSERIACEAE.
Inflammation of the BRONCHIOLES.
The visualization of deep structures of the body by recording the reflections or echoes of ultrasonic pulses directed into the tissues. Use of ultrasound for imaging or diagnostic purposes employs frequencies ranging from 1.6 to 10 megahertz.
Delivery of medications through the nasal mucosa.
Virus diseases caused by the ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE.
The larger air passages of the lungs arising from the terminal bifurcation of the TRACHEA. They include the largest two primary bronchi which branch out into secondary bronchi, and tertiary bronchi which extend into BRONCHIOLES and PULMONARY ALVEOLI.
Infections by bacteria, general or unspecified.
Material coughed up from the lungs and expectorated via the mouth. It contains MUCUS, cellular debris, and microorganisms. It may also contain blood or pus.
Semidomesticated variety of European polecat much used for hunting RODENTS and/or RABBITS and as a laboratory animal. It is in the subfamily Mustelinae, family MUSTELIDAE.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Virus diseases caused by the PICORNAVIRIDAE.
A genus of PICORNAVIRIDAE inhabiting primarily the respiratory tract of mammalian hosts. It includes over 100 human serotypes associated with the COMMON COLD.
Any infection acquired in the community, that is, contrasted with those acquired in a health care facility (CROSS INFECTION). An infection would be classified as community-acquired if the patient had not recently been in a health care facility or been in contact with someone who had been recently in a health care facility.
A funnel-shaped fibromuscular tube that conducts food to the ESOPHAGUS, and air to the LARYNX and LUNGS. It is located posterior to the NASAL CAVITY; ORAL CAVITY; and LARYNX, and extends from the SKULL BASE to the inferior border of the CRICOID CARTILAGE anteriorly and to the inferior border of the C6 vertebra posteriorly. It is divided into the NASOPHARYNX; OROPHARYNX; and HYPOPHARYNX (laryngopharynx).
The type species of the genus INFLUENZAVIRUS A that causes influenza and other diseases in humans and animals. Antigenic variation occurs frequently between strains, allowing classification into subtypes and variants. Transmission is usually by aerosol (human and most non-aquatic hosts) or waterborne (ducks). Infected birds shed the virus in their saliva, nasal secretions, and feces.
Washing liquid obtained from irrigation of the lung, including the BRONCHI and the PULMONARY ALVEOLI. It is generally used to assess biochemical, inflammatory, or infection status of the lung.
The mucous membrane lining the RESPIRATORY TRACT, including the NASAL CAVITY; the LARYNX; the TRACHEA; and the BRONCHI tree. The respiratory mucosa consists of various types of epithelial cells ranging from ciliated columnar to simple squamous, mucous GOBLET CELLS, and glands containing both mucous and serous cells.
Inflammation of the lung parenchyma that is caused by bacterial infections.
Endogenous substances produced through the activity of intact cells of glands, tissues, or organs.
Inflammation of the MIDDLE EAR including the AUDITORY OSSICLES and the EUSTACHIAN TUBE.
Pathological processes of the LIVER.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Short filamentous organism of the genus Mycoplasma, which binds firmly to the cells of the respiratory epithelium. It is one of the etiologic agents of non-viral primary atypical pneumonia in man.
Inflammation of the throat (PHARYNX).
A sudden, audible expulsion of air from the lungs through a partially closed glottis, preceded by inhalation. It is a protective response that serves to clear the trachea, bronchi, and/or lungs of irritants and secretions, or to prevent aspiration of foreign materials into the lungs.
A tubular organ of VOICE production. It is located in the anterior neck, superior to the TRACHEA and inferior to the tongue and HYOID BONE.
Fluid obtained by THERAPEUTIC IRRIGATION or washout of the nasal cavity and NASAL MUCOSA. The resulting fluid is used in cytologic and immunologic assays of the nasal mucosa such as with the NASAL PROVOCATION TEST in the diagnosis of nasal hypersensitivity.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.
A group of organs stretching from the MOUTH to the ANUS, serving to breakdown foods, assimilate nutrients, and eliminate waste. In humans, the digestive system includes the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT and the accessory glands (LIVER; BILIARY TRACT; PANCREAS).
Infections with bacteria of the family MORAXELLACEAE.
An acute viral infection in humans involving the respiratory tract. It is marked by inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA; the PHARYNX; and conjunctiva, and by headache and severe, often generalized, myalgia.
Represents 15-20% of the human serum immunoglobulins, mostly as the 4-chain polymer in humans or dimer in other mammals. Secretory IgA (IMMUNOGLOBULIN A, SECRETORY) is the main immunoglobulin in secretions.
A subfamily of DNA vertebrate viruses, in the family PARVOVIRIDAE. There are three genera: PARVOVIRUS; ERYTHROVIRUS; and DEPENDOVIRUS.
Infections with bacteria of the species STREPTOCOCCUS PNEUMONIAE.
Minute infectious agents whose genomes are composed of DNA or RNA, but not both. They are characterized by a lack of independent metabolism and the inability to replicate outside living host cells.
Inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA in one or more of the PARANASAL SINUSES.
Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.
Inflammation of the tonsils, especially the PALATINE TONSILS but the ADENOIDS (pharyngeal tonsils) and lingual tonsils may also be involved. Tonsillitis usually is caused by bacterial infection. Tonsillitis may be acute, chronic, or recurrent.
The scroll-like bony plates with curved margins on the lateral wall of the NASAL CAVITY. Turbinates, also called nasal concha, increase the surface area of nasal cavity thus providing a mechanism for rapid warming and humidification of air as it passes to the lung.
The utilization of drugs as reported in individual hospital studies, FDA studies, marketing, or consumption, etc. This includes drug stockpiling, and patient drug profiles.
An acute inflammatory disease of the lower RESPIRATORY TRACT, caused by paramyxoviruses, occurring primarily in infants and young children; the viruses most commonly implicated are PARAINFLUENZA VIRUS TYPE 3; RESPIRATORY SYNCYTIAL VIRUS, HUMAN; and METAPNEUMOVIRUS.
Substances that prevent infectious agents or organisms from spreading or kill infectious agents in order to prevent the spread of infection.
Interstitial pneumonia caused by extensive infection of the lungs (LUNG) and BRONCHI, particularly the lower lobes of the lungs, by MYCOPLASMA PNEUMONIAE in humans. In SHEEP, it is caused by MYCOPLASMA OVIPNEUMONIAE. In CATTLE, it may be caused by MYCOPLASMA DISPAR.
Pathological processes involving any part of the LUNG.
Inflammation of the lung parenchyma that is associated with BRONCHITIS, usually involving lobular areas from TERMINAL BRONCHIOLES to the PULMONARY ALVEOLI. The affected areas become filled with exudate that forms consolidated patches.
The administration of drugs by the respiratory route. It includes insufflation into the respiratory tract.
Noises, normal and abnormal, heard on auscultation over any part of the RESPIRATORY TRACT.
Any tests that demonstrate the relative efficacy of different chemotherapeutic agents against specific microorganisms (i.e., bacteria, fungi, viruses).
A family of RNA viruses causing INFLUENZA and other diseases. There are five recognized genera: INFLUENZAVIRUS A; INFLUENZAVIRUS B; INFLUENZAVIRUS C; ISAVIRUS; and THOGOTOVIRUS.
A species of BORDETELLA with similar morphology to BORDETELLA PERTUSSIS, but growth is more rapid. It is found only in the RESPIRATORY TRACT of humans.
The viscous secretion of mucous membranes. It contains mucin, white blood cells, water, inorganic salts, and exfoliated cells.
All the organs involved in reproduction and the formation and release of URINE. It includes the kidneys, ureters, BLADDER; URETHRA, and the organs of reproduction - ovaries, UTERUS; FALLOPIAN TUBES; VAGINA; and CLITORIS in women and the testes; SEMINAL VESICLES; PROSTATE; seminal ducts; and PENIS in men.
An autosomal recessive genetic disease of the EXOCRINE GLANDS. It is caused by mutations in the gene encoding the CYSTIC FIBROSIS TRANSMEMBRANE CONDUCTANCE REGULATOR expressed in several organs including the LUNG, the PANCREAS, the BILIARY SYSTEM, and the SWEAT GLANDS. Cystic fibrosis is characterized by epithelial secretory dysfunction associated with ductal obstruction resulting in AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION; chronic RESPIRATORY INFECTIONS; PANCREATIC INSUFFICIENCY; maldigestion; salt depletion; and HEAT PROSTRATION.
Patterns of practice related to diagnosis and treatment as especially influenced by cost of the service requested and provided.
A group of often glycosylated macrocyclic compounds formed by chain extension of multiple PROPIONATES cyclized into a large (typically 12, 14, or 16)-membered lactone. Macrolides belong to the POLYKETIDES class of natural products, and many members exhibit ANTIBIOTIC properties.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents by inhaling them.
A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria that is the causative agent of WHOOPING COUGH. Its cells are minute coccobacilli that are surrounded by a slime sheath.
An EPITHELIUM with MUCUS-secreting cells, such as GOBLET CELLS. It forms the lining of many body cavities, such as the DIGESTIVE TRACT, the RESPIRATORY TRACT, and the reproductive tract. Mucosa, rich in blood and lymph vessels, comprises an inner epithelium, a middle layer (lamina propria) of loose CONNECTIVE TISSUE, and an outer layer (muscularis mucosae) of SMOOTH MUSCLE CELLS that separates the mucosa from submucosa.
A form of bronchial disorder with three distinct components: airway hyper-responsiveness (RESPIRATORY HYPERSENSITIVITY), airway INFLAMMATION, and intermittent AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION. It is characterized by spasmodic contraction of airway smooth muscle, WHEEZING, and dyspnea (DYSPNEA, PAROXYSMAL).
One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.
The female reproductive organs. The external organs include the VULVA; BARTHOLIN'S GLANDS; and CLITORIS. The internal organs include the VAGINA; UTERUS; OVARY; and FALLOPIAN TUBES.
Cells that line the inner and outer surfaces of the body by forming cellular layers (EPITHELIUM) or masses. Epithelial cells lining the SKIN; the MOUTH; the NOSE; and the ANAL CANAL derive from ectoderm; those lining the RESPIRATORY SYSTEM and the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM derive from endoderm; others (CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM and LYMPHATIC SYSTEM) derive from mesoderm. Epithelial cells can be classified mainly by cell shape and function into squamous, glandular and transitional epithelial cells.
Physiological processes and properties of the RESPIRATORY SYSTEM as a whole or of any of its parts.
A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria normally found in the flora of the mouth and respiratory tract of animals and birds. It causes shipping fever (see PASTEURELLOSIS, PNEUMONIC); HEMORRHAGIC BACTEREMIA; and intestinal disease in animals. In humans, disease usually arises from a wound infection following a bite or scratch from domesticated animals.
A genus of PASTEURELLACEAE that consists of several species occurring in animals and humans. Its organisms are described as gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, coccobacillus or rod-shaped, and nonmotile.
A species of CHLAMYDOPHILA that causes acute respiratory infection, especially atypical pneumonia, in humans, horses, and koalas.
A febrile disease caused by STREPTOCOCCUS PNEUMONIAE.
A semi-synthetic macrolide antibiotic structurally related to ERYTHROMYCIN. It has been used in the treatment of Mycobacterium avium intracellulare infections, toxoplasmosis, and cryptosporidiosis.
A genus of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria whose cells are minute coccobacilli. It consists of both parasitic and pathogenic species.
One or more layers of EPITHELIAL CELLS, supported by the basal lamina, which covers the inner or outer surfaces of the body.
The expelling of virus particles from the body. Important routes include the respiratory tract, genital tract, and intestinal tract. Virus shedding is an important means of vertical transmission (INFECTIOUS DISEASE TRANSMISSION, VERTICAL).
Physicochemical property of fimbriated (FIMBRIAE, BACTERIAL) and non-fimbriated bacteria of attaching to cells, tissue, and nonbiological surfaces. It is a factor in bacterial colonization and pathogenicity.
A multisystemic disease of a complex genetic background. It is characterized by inflammation of the blood vessels (VASCULITIS) leading to damage in any number of organs. The common features include granulomatous inflammation of the RESPIRATORY TRACT and kidneys. Most patients have measurable autoantibodies (ANTINEUTROPHIL CYTOPLASMIC ANTIBODIES) against neutrophil proteinase-3 (WEGENER AUTOANTIGEN).
The process of gaining approval by a government regulatory agency for DIAGNOSTIC REAGENTS AND TEST KITS. This includes any required preclinical or clinical testing, review, submission, and evaluation of the applications and test results, and post-marketing surveillance.
A species of RUBULAVIRUS associated particularly with acute laryngotracheitis (CROUP) in children aged 6 months to 3 years.
Infections caused by bacteria that show up as pink (negative) when treated by the gram-staining method.
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.
A fixed-ratio combination of amoxicillin trihydrate and potassium clavulanate.
Nonsusceptibility to the pathogenic effects of foreign microorganisms or antigenic substances as a result of antibody secretions of the mucous membranes. Mucosal epithelia in the gastrointestinal, respiratory, and reproductive tracts produce a form of IgA (IMMUNOGLOBULIN A, SECRETORY) that serves to protect these ports of entry into the body.
Compounds based on ERYTHROMYCIN with the 3-cladinose replaced by a ketone. They bind the 23S part of 70S bacterial RIBOSOMES.
A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic coccobacillus-shaped bacteria that has been isolated from pneumonic lesions and blood. It produces pneumonia with accompanying fibrinous pleuritis in swine.
The major immunoglobulin isotype class in normal human serum. There are several isotype subclasses of IgG, for example, IgG1, IgG2A, and IgG2B.
A species of RESPIROVIRUS also called hemadsorption virus 2 (HA2), which causes laryngotracheitis in humans, especially children.
A broad-spectrum penicillin antibiotic used orally in the treatment of mild to moderate infections by susceptible gram-positive organisms.
Round, granular, mononuclear phagocytes found in the alveoli of the lungs. They ingest small inhaled particles resulting in degradation and presentation of the antigen to immunocompetent cells.
Infections with bacteria of the genus PSEUDOMONAS.
Any infection which a patient contracts in a health-care institution.
A subfamily of the family MURIDAE comprised of 69 genera. New World mice and rats are included in this subfamily.
A genus of the family PARAMYXOVIRIDAE (subfamily PARAMYXOVIRINAE) where all the virions have both HEMAGGLUTININ and NEURAMINIDASE activities and encode a non-structural C protein. SENDAI VIRUS is the type species.
A species of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria commonly isolated from clinical specimens (wound, burn, and urinary tract infections). It is also found widely distributed in soil and water. P. aeruginosa is a major agent of nosocomial infection.
The degree of pathogenicity within a group or species of microorganisms or viruses as indicated by case fatality rates and/or the ability of the organism to invade the tissues of the host. The pathogenic capacity of an organism is determined by its VIRULENCE FACTORS.
The ability of bacteria to resist or to become tolerant to chemotherapeutic agents, antimicrobial agents, or antibiotics. This resistance may be acquired through gene mutation or foreign DNA in transmissible plasmids (R FACTORS).
The ability of microorganisms, especially bacteria, to resist or to become tolerant to chemotherapeutic agents, antimicrobial agents, or antibiotics. This resistance may be acquired through gene mutation or foreign DNA in transmissible plasmids (R FACTORS).
Directions written for the obtaining and use of DRUGS.
Persistent abnormal dilatation of the bronchi.
A group of QUINOLONES with at least one fluorine atom and a piperazinyl group.
An abnormal passage communicating between any component of the respiratory tract or between any part of the respiratory system and surrounding organs.
Infections with bacteria of the genus STREPTOCOCCUS.
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the bronchi.
The middle portion of the pharynx that lies posterior to the mouth, inferior to the SOFT PALATE, and superior to the base of the tongue and EPIGLOTTIS. It has a digestive function as food passes from the mouth into the oropharynx before entering ESOPHAGUS.

Respiratory symptoms and long-term risk of death from cardiovascular disease, cancer and other causes in Swedish men. (1/1792)

BACKGROUND: Depressed respiratory function and respiratory symptoms are associated with impaired survival. The present study was undertaken to assess the relation between respiratory symptoms and mortality from cardiovascular causes, cancer and all causes in a large population of middle-aged men. METHODS: Prospective population study of 6442 men aged 51-59 at baseline, free of clinical angina pectoris and prior myocardial infarction. RESULTS: During 16 years there were 1804 deaths (786 from cardiovascular disease, 608 from cancer, 103 from pulmonary disease and 307 from any other cause). Men with effort-related breathlessness had increased risk of dying from all of the examined diseases. After adjustment for age, smoking habit and other risk factors, the relative risk (RR) associated with breathlessness of dying from coronary disease was 1.43 (95% CI : 1.16-1.77), from stroke 1.77 (95% CI: 1.07-2.93), from any cardiovascular disease 1.48 (95% CI : 1.24-1.76), cancer 1.36 (95% CI : 1.11-1.67) and from any cause 1.62 (95% CI: 1.44-1.81). An independent effect of breathlessness on cardiovascular death, cancer death and mortality from all causes was found in life-time non-smokers, and also if men with chest pain not considered to be angina were excluded. An independent effect was also found if all deaths during the first half of the follow-up were excluded. Men with cough and phlegm, without breathlessness, also had an elevated risk of dying from cardiovascular disease and cancer, but after adjustment for smoking and other risk factors this was no longer significant. However, a slightly elevated independent risk of dying from any cause was found (RR = 1.18 [95% CI: 1.02-1.36]). CONCLUSION: A positive response to a simple question about effort related breathlessness predicted subsequent mortality from several causes during a follow-up period of 16 years, independently of smoking and other risk factors.  (+info)

SWORD '97: surveillance of work-related and occupational respiratory disease in the UK. (2/1792)

SWORD is one of seven clinically based reporting schemes which together now provide almost comprehensive coverage of occupational diseases across the UK. Although SWORD is now in its tenth year, participation rates remain high. Of an estimated 3,903 new cases seen this year, 1,031 (26%) were of occupational asthma, 978 (25%) of mesothelioma, 794 (20%) of non-malignant pleural disease, 336 (9%) of pneumoconiosis and 233 (6%) of inhalation accidents. Incidence rates of occupational asthma were generally highest among workers in the manufacture of wood products, textiles and food (particularly grain products and crustaceans) and additionally, in the production of precious and non-ferrous metals, rubber goods, detergents and perfumes, and in mining. Health care workers were noted to have a surprisingly high incidence of inhalation accidents. Occupational asthma attributed to latex has increased dramatically; the highest rates are among laboratory technicians, shoe workers and health care workers.  (+info)

Renal failure predisposes patients to adverse outcome after coronary artery bypass surgery. VA Cooperative Study #5. (3/1792)

BACKGROUND: More than 600,000 coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) procedures are done annually in the United States. Some data indicate that 10 to 20% of patients who are undergoing a CABG procedure have a serum creatinine of more than 1.5 mg/dl. There are few data on the impact of a mild increase in serum creatinine concentration on CABG outcome. METHODS: We analyzed a Veterans Affairs database obtained prospectively from 1992 through 1996 at 14 of 43 centers performing heart surgery. We compared the outcome after CABG in patients with a baseline serum creatinine of less than 1.5 mg/dl (median 1.1 mg/dl, N = 3271) to patients with a baseline serum creatinine of 1.5 to 3.0 mg/dl (median 1.7, N = 631). RESULTS: Univariate analysis revealed that patients with a serum creatinine of 1.5 to 3.0 mg/dl had a higher 30-day mortality (7% vs. 3%, P < 0.001) requirement for prolonged mechanical ventilation (15% vs. 8%, P = 0.001), stroke (7% vs. 2%, P < 0.001), renal failure requiring dialysis at discharge (3% vs. 1%, P < 0.001), and bleeding complications (8% vs. 3%, P < 0.001) than patients with a baseline serum creatinine of less than 1.5 mg/dl. Multiple logistic regression analyses found that patients with a baseline serum creatinine of less than 1.5 mg/dl had significantly lower (P < 0.02) 30-day mortality and postoperative bleeding and ventilatory complications than patients with a serum creatinine of 1.5 to 3.0 mg/dl when controlling for all other variables. CONCLUSION: These results demonstrate that mild renal failure is an independent risk factor for adverse outcome after CABG.  (+info)

Short-term associations between outdoor air pollution and visits to accident and emergency departments in London for respiratory complaints. (4/1792)

Many epidemiological studies have shown positive short-term associations between health and current levels of outdoor air pollution. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between air pollution and the number of visits to accident and emergency (A&E) departments in London for respiratory complaints. A&E visits include the less severe cases of acute respiratory disease and are unrestricted by bed availability. Daily counts of visits to 12 London A&E departments for asthma, other respiratory complaints, and both combined for a number of age groups were constructed from manual registers of visits for the period 1992-1994. A Poisson regression allowing for seasonal patterns, meteorological conditions and influenza epidemics was used to assess the associations between the number of visits and six pollutants: nitrogen dioxide, ozone, sulphur dioxide, carbon monoxide, and particles measured as black smoke (BS) and particles with a median aerodynamic diameter of <10 microm (PM10). After making an allowance for the multiplicity of tests, there remained strong associations between visits for all respiratory complaints and increases in SO2: a 2.8% (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.7-4.9) increase in the number of visits for a 18 microg x (-3) increase (10th-90th percentile range) and a 3.0% (95% CI 0.8-5.2) increase for a 31 microg x m(-3) increase in PM10. There were also significant associations between visits for asthma and SO2, NO2 and PM10. No significant associations between O3 and any of the respiratory complaints investigated were found. Because of the strong correlation between pollutants, it was difficult to identify a single pollutant responsible for the associations found in the analyses. This study suggests that the levels of air pollution currently experienced in London are linked to short-term increases in the number of people visiting accident and emergency departments with respiratory complaints.  (+info)

Fine particulate air pollution, resuspended road dust and respiratory health among symptomatic children. (5/1792)

The short-term association of particulate air pollution with peak expiratory flow rate (PEF) and respiratory symptoms was examined. Forty-nine children with chronic respiratory symptoms aged 8-13 yrs were followed daily for six weeks in spring, 1995, in Kuopio, Finland. Daily concentrations of particulate material with a 50% cut-off aerodynamic diameter < or = 10 microm and < or = 2.5 microm (PM10 and PM2.5, respectively), black carbon, and the number concentrations of particles from 0.01-10 microm diameter were measured. During the study period, PM10 were mainly resuspended soil and street dust, and the concentration was estimated using aluminum content of PM10 samples. No consistent effect of particles was found as the associations varied by lag. Of the lags examined, only 1-day lagged PM2.5 was statistically significantly associated with morning PEF (beta=-1.06, SE=0.52 (per interquartile increase in pollutant)). Evening PEF was significantly associated with the 1-day lagged number of particles in the size range 0.1-1.0 microm (beta=-1.56, SE=0.72). One-day lagged PM10, PM2.5-10, PM2.5 and resuspended PM10, and 4-day average of PM2.5 were significantly associated with increased risk of cough. Given the short duration of the study, separating the effects of different types of particles was difficult. The present study demonstrates the highly variable size and number distribution and chemical composition of particles in Finland, and underlines the importance of measuring the size and chemical composition of particles to determine which types of particles are associated with health effects.  (+info)

Health effects of passive smoking-10: Summary of effects of parental smoking on the respiratory health of children and implications for research. (6/1792)

BACKGROUND: Two recent reviews have assessed the effect of parental smoking on respiratory disease in children. METHODS: The results of the systematic quantitative review published as a series in Thorax are summarised and brought up to date by considering papers appearing on Embase or Medline up to June 1998. The findings are compared with those of the review published recently by the Californian Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Areas requiring further research are identified. RESULTS: Overall there is a very consistent picture with odds ratios for respiratory illnesses and symptoms and middle ear disease of between 1.2 and 1.6 for either parent smoking, the odds usually being higher in pre-school than in school aged children. For sudden infant death syndrome the odds ratio for maternal smoking is about 2. Significant effects from paternal smoking suggest a role for postnatal exposure to environmental tobacco smoke. Recent publications do not lead us to alter the conclusions of our earlier reviews. While essentially narrative rather than systematic and quantitative, the findings of the Californian EPA review are broadly similar. In addition they have reviewed studies of the effects of environmental tobacco smoke on children with cystic fibrosis and conclude from the limited evidence that there is a strong case for a relationship between parental smoking and admissions to hospital. They also review data from adults of the effects of acute exposure to environmental tobacco smoke under laboratory conditions which suggest acute effects on spirometric parameters rather than on bronchial hyperresponsiveness. It seems likely that such effects are also present in children. CONCLUSIONS: Substantial benefits to children would arise if parents stopped smoking after birth, even if the mother smoked during pregnancy. Policies need to be developed which reduce smoking amongst parents and protect infants and young children from exposure to environmental tobacco smoke. The weight of evidence is such that new prevalence studies are no longer justified. What are needed are studies which allow comparison of the effects of critical periods of exposure to cigarette smoke, particularly in utero, early infancy, and later childhood. Where longitudinal studies are carried out they should be analysed to look at the way in which changes in exposure are related to changes in outcome. Better still would be studies demonstrating reversibility of adverse effects, especially in asthmatic subjects or children with cystic fibrosis.  (+info)

Aspirated foreign bodies in the tracheobronchial tree: report of 250 cases. (7/1792)

During the last 14 years, 250 patients with aspirated foreign bodies in the tracheobronchial tree were admitted to Kuwait Chest Diseases Hospital. Ninety-six per cent of the cases were under 10 years of age and 38% gave a clear history of foreign body inhalation. The rest were diagnosed either clinically, from the chest radiograph findings or because of unexplained pulmonary symptoms. In 247 cases, bronchoscopy under general anaesthesia was successful in removing the foreign bodies. In only three cases was bronchotomy needed. Seventy per cent of the foreign bodies were melon seeds. Asphyxia and cardiac arrest occurred in four cases during bronchoscopy but the patients were successfully resuscitated. In 10 cases a tracheostomy was done before bronchoscopy and the removal of the foreign body, while in five it was needed after bronchoscopy. Fifteen patients developed late complications such as recurrent pneumonia or atelectasis of the lung. Early diagnosis and adequate treatment are essential to prevent pulmonary and cardiac complications and to avoid radical lung surgery.  (+info)

Sarcoidosis of the upper respiratory tract and its association with lupus pernio. (8/1792)

In a series of 34 patients with sarcoidosis affecting the upper respiratory tract and nose, 26 had lupus pernio (LP) and 17 had sarcoidosis of the upper respiratory tract (SURT). In nine patients these features coexisted. A patient presenting with SURT carried a 50% risk of developing LP although one feature could be present without the other. Both were disorders of women of the child-bearing years of life. SURT, like LP, was an indicator of chronic fibrotic sarcoidosis, developing insidiously and progressing indolently over the years. It was complicated by ulceration, septal perforation, and LP. Three patients had nasal septal perforations, in two instances following submucous resection. This operation is contraindicated in patients with active sarcoidosis, particularly when granulomas are found on nasal biopsy. The Kveim-Siltzbach skin test was positive in all patients with SURT, making it invaluable in the differential diagnosis of granuloma of the nasal cavity.  (+info)

TY - JOUR. T1 - Clinical validation of the Swedish version of Dyspnoea-12 instrument in outpatients with cardiorespiratory disease. AU - Sundh, Josefin. AU - Bornefalk, Hans. AU - Sköld, Carl Magnus. AU - Janson, Christer. AU - Blomberg, Anders. AU - Sandberg, Jacob. AU - Bornefalk-Hermansson, Anna. AU - Igelström, Helena. AU - Ekström, Magnus. PY - 2019. Y1 - 2019. N2 - Introduction Breathlessness is the cardinal symptom in both cardiac and respiratory diseases, and includes multiple dimensions. The multidimensional instrument Dyspnoea-12 has been developed to assess both physical and affective components of breathlessness. This study aimed to perform a clinical validation of the Swedish version of Dyspnoea-12 in outpatients with cardiorespiratory disease. Methods Stable outpatients with cardiorespiratory disease and self-reported breathlessness in daily life were recruited from five Swedish centres. Assessments of Dyspnoea-12 were performed at baseline, after 30-90 min and after 2 weeks. ...
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID\19) caused by serious acute respiratory symptoms\coronavirus 2 (SARS\CoV\2) is growing at an instant pace, as well as the global globe Health Organization declared it as pandemic on 11 March 2020. (83.3%) individuals had a coughing, shortness of breathing, and exhaustion. The additional symptoms had been myalgia (66.6%), gastrointestinal symptoms (33.3%\50%), and altered mental position (16.7%). The lab parameters consist of lymphopenia, raised erythrocyte sedimentation price, C\reactive proteins, lactate dehydrogenase, interleukin\6, serum ferritin, and D\dimer in every six (100%) individuals. The upper body X\ray at demonstration demonstrated bilateral infiltrates in every the individuals (100%). We also referred to electrocardiogram results, complications, and treatment during hospitalization in detail. One patient died during the hospital course. pneumonia is commonly seen in younger adults and is the common reason for atypical pneumonia. 5 The coinfection ...
The severe acute respiratory symptoms coronavirus (SARS-CoV) ORF7b (also known as 7b) protein can be an integral membrane protein thats translated from a bicistronic open reading frame encoded within subgenomic RNA 7. M protein from mouse hepatitis disease (MHV) avian infectious bronchitis disease (IBV) porcine transmissible gastroenteritis disease SARS-CoV and feline coronavirus all localize towards the Golgi complicated in cDNA-transfected cells (17 24 30 31 44 58 70 with Golgi complicated targeting sequences determined in various places. The MHV M 1st and second TMDs and cytoplasmic tail are essential for Golgi complicated retention (25) whereas the 1st TMD inside the IBV M proteins is enough for = 0.994 and 0.629 respectively). Mutants at residues 1 to 3 four to six 6 10 to 12 and 16 to 18 got just a moderate but statistically insignificant upsurge in cell surface area manifestation (= 0.756 0.168 0.279 and 0.058 respectively). On the other hand mutants at residues 13 to 15 and 19 to 22 got ...
Chronic respiratory diseases are chronic diseases of the airways and other structures of the lung. Some of the most common chronic respiratory diseases are: asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, occupational lung diseases and pulmonary hypertension. Chronic respiratory diseases constitute a public health problem that impose a substantial burden.. Although some chronic respiratory diseases cannot be cured, appropriate management can control the disease and enable people to enjoy a good quality of life. Smoke (tobacco smoke, smoke from wood-burning or kerosene stoves and fireplaces), aerosol sprays, strong odours (perfumes, cologne, gasoline fumes) and dust and air pollution can trigger attacks by irritating sensitive airways.. Smoking is very common in many countries of the Eastern Meditteranian Region. The WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control was developed in response to the globalization of the tobacco epidemic, with the aim of protecting billions of people from harmful exposure ...
Study shows how Portland trees curb asthma, other respiratory disease , Local Sustainable Life, Portland local Sustainable Life, Breaking Sustainable Life alerts for Portland city.
This testimony before the House Committee on Education and Labor, Subcommittee on Labor Standards, discussed the use of epidemiological data in the assessment of occupational respiratory respiratory disease, using cotton dust exposure as an example. Most occupational respiratory diseases are caused by more than one risk factor. It is important to determine whether adequate criteria exist to make r
Objectives: Little is known about the potential health effects of the coarse fraction of ambient particles. The aim of this study is to estimate the links between fine (PM2.5) and coarse particle (PM2.5−10) levels and cardiorespiratory hospitalisations in six French cities during 2000-2003.. Methods: Data on the daily numbers of hospitalisations for respiratory, cardiovascular, cardiac and ischaemic heart diseases were collected. Associations between exposure indicators and hospitalisations were estimated in each city using a Poisson regression model, controlling for confounding factors (seasons, days of the week, holidays, influenza epidemics, pollen counts, temperature) and temporal trends. City-specific findings were combined to obtain excess relative risks (ERRs) associated with a 10 μg/m3 increase in PM2.5 and PM2.5−10 levels.. Results: We found positive associations between indicators of particulate pollution and hospitalisations for respiratory infection, with an ERR of 4.4% (95% CI ...
This study is a prospective, single center study to determine the value of VRI images as an aid in determining whether a chest x ray is necessary to evaluate children presenting with acute respiratory complaints.. Study participants will be children, selected from the Emergency Department (ED), who were designated to undergo a PA and Left Lateral CXR because of acute respiratory complaints such as a new respiratory condition, acute cough, onset of shortness of breath, or fever.. Patients who meet the study inclusion and exclusion criteria will be enrolled and will be recorded by the VRI device.. A technician will perform a CXR on the enrolled patients. The CXR and the VRI will be performed on the same day within 6 hours of each other.. VRI readers, who are blinded to the patients CXR, history, and physical exam, will evaluate the VRI recording. The VRI reader will review the VRI images and, using the lexicon of images supplied by Deep Breeze, determine whether the VRI is normal or ...
PLoS One. (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31490961#) 2019 Sep 6;14(9):e0221479. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0221479. eCollection 2019. Burden of influenza-associated respiratory hospitalizations in the Americas, 2010-2015. Palekar RS (https://www.ncbi.nl
The VRI technology provides a radiation free dynamic image of the lung, by using a combination of well-known technologies, i.e. acoustic sensors, and a proprietary algorithm. The aim of the study is to determine if the VRI examination may contribute to the diagnosis and follow up of pneumonia in children, and therefore reduce the number of chest radiographs and the exposure to ionizing radiation. Children referred by ED for chest x-ray,for the evaluation of pneumonia, will undergo VRI as well. The two modalities will be read independently and then the findings will be compared, in order to asses the potential role of the VRI to the management of pneumonia in children ...
Profiles of antibodies towards the nucleocapsid proteins from the severe acute respiratory symptoms (SARS)-associated coronavirus in 445 possible SARS sufferers and 3,749 healthy people or non-SARS sufferers were analyzed by antigen-capturing enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. and non-SARS sufferers, just seven (0.187%) were weakly positive. The novel serious acute respiratory symptoms (SARS)-linked coronavirus (CoV) continues to be defined as the etiologic Rabbit polyclonal to MAP1LC3A. agent of SARS (1, 3, 5). Its been confirmed that, at least in early replies, the antibodies towards the nucleocapsid proteins (N proteins) predominate, as assayed by Traditional western blotting and proteomic evaluation. To comprehend the humoral immunity towards the N proteins of SARS CoV and the chance of using the N proteins in MP470 SARS medical diagnosis, antibodies towards the N proteins from 445 sufferers who acquired SARS most likely, as diagnosed based on World Health Firm requirements, from four ...
Care for patients with chronic diseases should be an integral part of the activities of health services, alongside care for patients with acute and infectious diseases. Chronic respiratory diseases are a group of chronic diseases affecting the airways and the other structures of the lungs.. Common chronic respiratory diseases are listed in Table 2, as they appear in ICD Common symptoms. Respiratory disease can present in many ways, with variations attributable to many factors. The clinical presentation directs diagnostic hypothesis making, the choice of diagnostically discriminating investigations, and the most appropriate management.. If a detailed history is not taken, the patient not observed carefully and examined diligently, and the information from these sources is not Author: Julian Hopkin.. A Patients Guide to Respiratory Disease Asthma, COPD and pulmonary fibrosis are major, chronic lung conditions. By Lisa Esposito, Staff Writer Nov. 7, Full text of Diseases of the organs of ...
Healthy children in the ORChID community-based birth cohort experienced an incidence rate of 978 new VDEs per 100 child-years during the first 2 years of life, with HRV playing a dominant role. Overall, respiratory viruses were detected by PCR in regular weekly swabs at least once during 75% of ARIs, while in asymptomatic periods 23% of weekly nasal swabs were positive by PCR for respiratory viruses, accounting for 33% of all new VDEs. We demonstrated evidence of attribution for ARIs by RNA viruses, which included HRV (HRV-A, HRV-C), influenza (IFV-A), parainfluenza (PIV-1, PIV-3), RSV (RSV-A, RSV-B), HCoV (HCoV-OC43, HCoV-NL63) and HMPV; and AdV as the single DNA virus representative. All these viruses were detected significantly more often in children with an ARI than during asymptomatic periods and had statistically significant positive AFEs. The largest association was observed for RSV and HMPV, both of which were more strongly associated with LRTIs than other respiratory viruses. Increasing ...
The differential cytology reflected mainly that described for healthy infants with lymphocyte counts at the upper range level. A positive association between BAL CD8+ lymphocytes and neutrophils and endobronchial reticular basement membrane was found. Detectable levels of pro-inflammatory cytokine proteins IL-1β, IL-17A, IL-18, IL-23, and IL-33 were found, whereas levels of Th2-type cytokine proteins were low. Frequent wheeze was the only clinical characteristic significantly related to detectable combined pro-inflammatory cytokine profile. Lung function did not correlate with any cytokine ...
Veterinary respiratory diseases are the most common disease that affects livestock and small animals. Veterinary respiratory diseases are the second leading cause of mortality in various animals.
More than three billion people continue to rely on solid fuels as their primary source of domestic energy which is associated with elevated concentrations of indoor air pollutants and increased morbidity and mortality both in adults and children. In Myanmar, solid fuel including coal and biomass (such as dung, crop and charcoal) is the main source of energy used in households. A community-based pilot study was conducted in rural Myanmar with the aim to determine the prevalence of childhood respiratory symptoms in association with the use of biomass for cooking. A total of eighty households were recruited and monitored for exposure to particulate matter with size less than 2.5 µm in aerodynamic diameter (PM2.5) and carbon monoxide (CO). In addition, mothers were interviewed to understand their cooking habits, some house characteristics and childrens respiratory health. The study found that PM2.5 and CO were significant contributors for the prevalence of acute respiratory infections and trouble ...
During the Parma WHO 5th ministerial conference on environment and health HEAL coordinated a symposium on behalf of the European Respiratory Society, ERS - 10 March, 10.45-12.15. The title of the symposium was Environmental influences on childrens respiratory health.. The purpose of this workshop was to focus on the key environmental factors that influence children s respiratory health (environmental factors in outdoor and indoor air: traffic, industrial installations, pollen and other allergens, environmental tobacco smoke etc) and highlight linkages to policy such as the Parma Ministerial Declaration, CEHAPE and the EU Action Plan on Environment and Health. The medical and scientific evidence was presented and also the necessary policy recommendations and responses required to ensure an adequate protection of children s health. The workshop aimed to focus on the particular situation of children s lung health in Europe, where morbidity from respiratory conditions is expected to increase if ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Training needs for Ugandan primary care health workers in management of respiratory diseases. T2 - A cross sectional survey. AU - Nantanda, Rebecca. AU - Kayingo, Gerald. AU - Jones, Rupert. AU - Van Gemert, Frederik. AU - Kirenga, Bruce J.. PY - 2020/5/11. Y1 - 2020/5/11. N2 - Background: Respiratory diseases are among the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in Uganda, but there is little attention and capacity for management of chronic respiratory diseases in the health programmes. This survey assessed gaps in knowledge and skills among healthcare workers in managing respiratory illnesses. Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted among primary care health workers, specialist physicians and healthcare planners to assess gaps in knowledge and skills and, training needs in managing respiratory illnesses. The perspectives of patients with respiratory diseases were also sought. Data were collected using questionnaires, patient panel discussions and review of pre-service ...
Throughout Europe 10% of the children suffer from asthmatic symptoms. Asthma, allergies and other respiratory diseases are one of the main reasons for hospital treatment of children. Also less common diseases, caused by environmental factors, are increasing like leukaemia, which is the most common form of childhood cancer. Many pollutants, including dioxins, are dangerous even before birth. They can reach the foetus in the womb and increase the risk of miscarriage and birth defects. In some parts of Europe, up to 10% of infants develop mental or physical disabilities. These disabilities are blamed on exposure to lead, mercury and certain chemicals. Chemicals, like endocrine disrupters, can also act like hormones and disrupt the way the body functions, with adverse effects on reproductive capacity ...
Read about the 29 abstracts that will be presented by Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals at the 2015 American Thoracic Society International Conference.
In the first study of its kind, researchers have found that improved air quality in southern California had a direct effect on childrens respiratory health. The findings point to the effectiveness of smart public health policy - in other words, even as southern California experienced increases in traffic and commerce, aggressive air pollution policies resulted in cleaner air and healthier kids.
In the first study of its kind, researchers have found that improved air quality in southern California had a direct effect on childrens respiratory health. The findings point to the effectiveness of smart public health policy - in other words, even as southern California experienced increases in traffic and commerce, aggressive air pollution policies resulted in cleaner air and healthier kids.. ...
Respiratory diseases are pathological conditions affecting the tissues and organs making gas exchange possible, and includes conditions of the trachea, bronchi, upper respiratory tract, bronchioles, pleura and pleural cavity, alveoli, and the breathing nerves and muscles, and while the diseases can be mild, they can as well be self-limiting, such as the common cold, or even life-threatening with conditions such as pulmonary embolism, bacterial pneumonia, and lung cancer. This is the forum for discussing anything related to this health condition
Respiratory Disease: Respiratory diseases are a major cause of calf mortality. Protect your calves with a multistep plan to prevent respiratory diseases such as pneumonia, IBR, etc. First, the calf is born with antibodies passed to it by its dam before birth and immediately after via the colostrum. Second, it will produce general antibodies in response to the vaccines it receives during pre-weaning conditioning. At the time of the vaccination the passive immunity the calf received from the cow will be replaced by the calfs own immunity. Third, the calf will be handled in such a way that stress is minimized. Stress and the changes that occur in the calves immune and metabolic systems as they adjust to new environments are nearly always part of a respiratory disease outbreak. Lastly, use common sense in determining when to isolate sick or questionable animals from the herd to minimize exposure to other calves, particularly those that are already ill or may be incubating disease ...
Including comprehensive coverage of health disparities commonly encountered in pediatric and adult pulmonary, critical care, and sleep medicine, Achieving Respiratory Health Equality in the United States provides a definitive reference on this prominent issue. Expert authors explore questions such as: * What is the evidence that respiratory health disparities exist? * What do we know about the causes of the disparities? * What are the clinical implications? * What can be done to address the particular disparities and thus achieve health equality? Recognizing the magnitude of this problem, the American Thoracic Society (ATS) Executive Committee created a Health Equality Sub-Committee, with an initial mandate of defining respiratory health disparities and respiratory health equality in the United States. This book will follow the format of a workshop on respiratory health equality held before the 2015 ATS International Meeting and led by editor Juan Carlos Celedón. Written by the workshop ...
Respiratory diseases are caused by a diversity of etiologies, including environmental exposure, family history of disease, smoking, and gene mutation or genetic predisposition. ATCC offers a comprehensive collection of normal and diseased lung and upper airway cultures for use in respiratory disease research.
Dr Syed Z Tousheed, Dr Basha J Khan, Dr BV Murali Mohan - Lung Transplant Physicians- Narayana Health City , Bangalore Respiratory diseases are one of the largest killers across the globe. They rank second, next only to accidents in conditions causing death in the Indian population. Respiratory diseases do not only cause suffering, they also impose a huge economic burden on the nation.
Small kids are naughty and cannot sit at one place straight! But sometimes the childhood of these babies are dawned upon diseases like asthma and other respiratory problems. By studying these FAQs or frequently asked questions, you?ll be certain in finding out reasons of the disease and measures to control the same!
Discusses respiratory problems that older children and adults can have. Covers viral and bacterial infections, allergies, and asthma. Offers home treatment tips. Includes interactive tool to help you decide when to call a doctor.
Discusses respiratory problems that older children and adults can have. Covers viral and bacterial infections, allergies, and asthma. Offers home treatment tips. Includes interactive tool to help you decide when to call a doctor.
This is courtesy of @harveyspecter Respiratory Problems in Bulldogs [replacer_img]Bulldog Respiratory & Breathing: Bulldog health problems such as
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Therefore we need to use the Burden of Disease Statistics, look at getting the average number of years of life gained from various procedures/medical treatments, projecting the likely number of cases for the forward budget period and applying normed corrections for the proportions of the health budget to go to various health problem clusters. I noted that musculo-skeletal and respiratory diseases are priorities for the near future and that reducing cardiac disease and spending is also a continuing priority. There also looks to be a need to prevent acceleration in the obesity rate in order to avoid flow on costs to diabetes incidence/prevalence, cardiac disease strokes and falls. The community doesnt seem to have got the message about weight gain, especially in children and there dont seem to be huge innovative programs being introduced to remedy the situation- so this needs a lot of factoring in ...
75% of fatalities brought on by Emphysema and also Respiratory disease are actually straight associateded with smoking cigarettes.. If you wish to remain healthy, youll need to give up smoking cigarettes and also stay away from cigarette smokers, given that Involuntary inhalation can be as hazardous, as Energetic Smoking cigarettes.. 2. Consume right as well as Maintain your BMI (Physical Body Mass Index) at 18,5- 24,8. How You Can Eat Right?. As Ive stated in my previous article: Diet regimen: Effective ways to definitely create your Diet regimen work for you? , your body system needs a correct Balanced Health and nutrition Diet, along with a correct daily volume of: vitamins, minerals, proteins as well as carbohydrates.. What can an appropriate Balanced Nutrition do for you?. - Deal successful Weight-Management ...
We are in the midst of a global epidemic of chronic diseases - diabetes, heart disease, cancers and respiratory disease are on the rise across the world. Posing a real and increasing threat to health and…
Why smoking is bad... Smoking tobacco is the cause of many diseases... heart disease and respiratory disease are some examples of many. Smoking can cause
Articles from Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases are provided here courtesy of The Korean Academy of Tuberculosis and Respiratory ...
About the natural preparation ASMEGREEN from DENOVA GREEN , you can write a lot and everything will be interesting and important, because the theme of such diseases as asthma, asthmatic bronchitis, chronic bronchitis, an allergy to the flowering of plants and other respiratory diseases - affects virtually every family and is more than relevant all over the world. Everyone knows more than an emotional picture from movies or from life, when a patient is convulsively looking for an inhaler with a drug based on steroids and at this moment there is an urgent question: life or death? However, steroids only relieve the attack and have no effect on the root of the disease itself. And now a little about the problem. Bronchial asthmaIs a chronic inflammatory disease of the respiratory tract, manifested by attacks of dyspnea, which are often accompanied by a cough and can develop into attacks of suffocation. This is due to the fact that the respiratory system reacts excessively to different stimuli. In ...
Life and Breath The best overall source for statistics on respiratory diseases in Canada is the report called Life and Breath: Respiratory Disease in Canada, released in November 2007.
Aside from cancer, cardiovascular disease, and chronic lung disease, known adverse health effects of smoking include (but are not limited to) other respiratory diseases and symptoms, nuclear cataract, _______________, reduced female fertility, and diminished health status. ...
Bronchitis and/or emphysema was the only respiratory condition that was more prevalent in older age groups, increasing from under 4 per cent for age groups under 45 years to 7 per cent for females and 15 per cent for males aged 75 years and over. Comparing age and sex standardised prevalence rates for adults, the rate of bronchitis and/or emphysema for smokers (9 per cent) was nearly twice that of ex-smokers (5 per cent) and three times that of those who had never smoked (3 per cent). ...
In the modern world, respiratory diseases have emerged as one of the most prevalent medical conditions affecting individuals of all age groups. The term respiratory diseases is a broad term and as a norm usually covers common respiratory diseases to life threatening conditions that influence the respiratory system. When it comes to respiratory diseases, it is recommended that individuals should have an understanding of the most common causes of respiratory diseases so as to be able to protect themselves from these infections better. This said the following overview on causes of respiratory diseases will help shed more light on this.. ...
This is now supposed to be the smart kids view of McKeown, but I find it quite odd. That is not a narrow aspect of McKeowns thesis -- it is what most readers found to be most essential about it. Its pretty much the whole point. Granted, he offended public health practitioners by playing down the clean water thing, and he was probably wrong about that. However, his most famous analysis had to do with the decline in tuberulosis mortality in England and Wales. TB used to be a major killer, but it had become rare before there were any effective medical treatments. Remember how much of 19th Century literature is about TB, from Mann to Keats to Alexandre Dumas? But who ever worried about it in the 1930s? McKeowns foremost critic, Simon Szreter (yup, I spelled that correctly) argued that he had confused tuberculosis and other respiratory diseases in death records, and so gotten the timing of the decline of tuberculosis wrong. This was all supposed to be quite devastating, but it is really nit ...
Dr Ravi Jayaram has teamed up with Cheshire CCG and created a short video explaining the rise in respiratory conditions in young children and what parents should be on the lookout for! To watch the video ...
Enterprise therapeutics announces additional funding tackle chronic respiratory disease. Read more about this additional funding in full here.
Tylan is an antibiotic that treats respiratory disease in Chickens and Turkeys. It comes as a soluble powder but there is also an injectable form as well.
Racing Pigeon products, Pigeon Supplies and Pigeon medicines. We have a massive range of pigeon medicines, such as pigeon antibiotic, vitamins, pigeon stimulant and more.
As a parent of a child with reactive airway disease, and as a physician, it was abundantly clear that breathing is one of the most important things we do and take for granted. Millions of folks are out there struggling to breath, and need some support.... Recognizing this need, I asked a clever cardiology fellow (about to complete his cardiology training) if he could think up any ideas for a shirt just before we scrubbed into a case to install a defibrillator. He thought and thought and we tossed around a few ideas, then he smiled, and came up with this idea for a t-shirt ...
Hi, I purchased some pullets back in July. The next day we got them we noticed rattling breathing, excessive yawning, runny eyes. Since then, it has...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Respiratory hospitalisation of infants supplemented with docosahexaenoic acid as preterm neonates. AU - Atwell, Kerryn. AU - Collins, Carmel. AU - Sullivan, Thomas. AU - Ryan, Philip. AU - Gibson, Robert. AU - Makrides, Maria. AU - McPhee, Andrew. PY - 2013/1. Y1 - 2013/1. N2 - Aim: To determine the effect of neonatal docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supplementation in preterm infants on later respiratory-related hospitalisations. Methods We enrolled 657 infants in a multicentre, randomised, controlled trial designed to study the long-term efficacy of higher dose dietary DHA in infants born ,33 weeks gestation. Treatment was with high DHA (∼1%) compared with standard DHA (∼0.3%) in breast milk or formula, given from the first week of life to term equivalent. Parent-reported hospital admissions to 18 months corrected age were recorded. The proportion of children hospitalised for lower respiratory tract (LRT) conditions and the mean number of hospitalisations per infant were ...
INTRODUCTION: Estimates of the amount of people infected by severe acute respiratory symptoms coronavirus 2 are essential for wellness setting up and establishment of targets regarding herd immunity. for serious acute respiratory symptoms coronavirus in the Teresina inhabitants at seven successive timepoints The research shown that SARS-CoV-2 Artesunate attacks are typically minor or asymptomatic which Read More. ...
In a healthcare facility with two hospitals (A and B), 6 non-latex asthma cases were diagnosed between 1998 and 2000 on hospital As top floor, which had water incursions during this period. Hospital A had more work-related lower respiratory symptoms, with higher levels on the top floors. Univariate models showed positive associations between lower respiratory symptoms and a number of air, and cha
Article From Article Directory Database Nasal Allergy: Allergic Rhinitis and Its Causes Allergic rhinitis is an atopic disease, which is inherited from the parent. If both your parents have allergic rhinitis or other respiratory diseases such as asthma, tuberculosis Adnan Januzaj Manchester United Jersey , and emphysema, the probability that you have these kinds of respiratory diseases is 50%. If one of your parents has respiratory diseases, the probability that you inherit their diseases is 25%. If both of your parents do not have any respiratory diseases, your chances to have respiratory diseases are no more than 12.5%. Sometimes, what has happened during pregnancy can cause allergic rhinitis to the newly born baby. The immunological status of the mother during pregnancy may cause the newly born baby has allergic rhinitis. Pregnant mothers who are smoking, drinking coffee and alcohol usually have poor immunological status, which can also cause newly born infant has allergic rhinitis or other ...
Elderberry supplementation may reduce the duration and severity of upper respiratory symptoms, according to a meta-analysis published in the journal Complementary Therapies in Medicine.
Among inner-city populations in Canada, the use of crack cocaine by inhalation is prevalent. Crack smoking is associated with acute respiratory symptoms and complications, but less is known about chronic respiratory problems related to crack smoking. There is also a gap in the literature addressing the management of respiratory disease in primary health care among people who smoke crack. The purpose of our study was to assess the prevalence of acute and chronic respiratory symptoms among patients who smoke crack and access primary care. We conducted a pilot study among 20 patients who currently smoke crack (used within the past 30 days) and who access the drop-in clinic at an inner-city primary health care center. Participants completed a 20- to 30-min interviewer-administered survey and provided consent for a chart review. We collected information on respiratory-related symptoms, diagnoses, tests, medications, and specialist visits. Data were analyzed using frequency tabulations in SPSS ...
STUDY OBJECTIVE: This study examined the impact on childrens respiratory health of a government air quality intervention that restricted the sulphur content of fuels to 0.5% from July 1990 onwards. DESIGN/SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: This study examined the changes, one and two years after the introduction of the intervention, in airway hyperreactivity of non-asthmatic and non-wheezing, primary 4, 5, and 6, school children aged 9-12 years living in a polluted district compared with those in a less polluted district. Bronchial hyperreactivity (BHR)(a 20% decrease in FEV1 provoked by a cumulative dose of histamine less than 7.8 mumol) and bronchial reactivity slope (BR slope) (percentage change in logarithmic scale in FEV1 per unit dose of histamine) were used to estimate responses to a histamine challenge. The between districts differences after the intervention were studied to assess the effectiveness of the intervention. MAIN RESULTS: In cohorts, comparing measurements made before the intervention ...
Kim, Janice J, Svetlana Smorodinsky, Michael Lipsett, Alfred T Hodgson, Brett C Singer, and Bart Ostro. Traffic-related Air Pollution near Busy Road: The East Bay Childrens Respiratory Health Study. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 170.5 (2004) 520-526. LBNL-55586. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Behavior change theory, content and delivery of interventions to enhance adherence in chronic respiratory disease: A systematic review. AU - McCullough, Amanda R. AU - Ryan, Crístín. AU - Macindoe, Christopher. AU - Yii, Nathan. AU - Bradley, Judy M. AU - ONeill, Brenda. AU - Elborn, J. Stuart. AU - Hughes, Carmel M. N1 - Compliant in UIR; evidence uploaded to other files and UIR dates added to PURE link. PY - 2016/7/1. Y1 - 2016/7/1. N2 - Background We sought to describe the theory used to design treatment adherence interventions, the content delivered, and the mode of delivery of these interventions in chronic respiratory disease.Methods We included randomized controlled trials of adherence interventions (compared to another intervention or control) in adults with chronic respiratory disease (8 databases searched; inception until March 2015). Two reviewers screened and extracted data: post-intervention adherence (measured objectively); behavior change theory, content ...
Respiratory problems are common in athletes of all abilities and can significantly impact upon their health and performance. In this article, we provide an overview of respiratory physiology in athletes. We also discuss the assessment and management of common clinical respiratory conditions as they pertain to athletes, including airways disease, respiratory tract infection and pneumothorax. We focus on providing a pragmatic approach and highlight important caveats for the physician treating respiratory conditions in this highly specific population.. ...
The purpose of this study was to determine whether maternal hospitalization for a respiratory-related condition during influenza season results in an increased risk of neonatal morbidity. With the use of a 13-year population-based cohort study of all singleton live births in Nova Scotia (1990-2002), …
This lightly edited article was written for the Port Workers United newsletter in Oakland, Calif. Thomas is a third-generation member of the International Longshore and Warehouse Union Local 10, and co-chair of the Million Worker March movement, who actively supported ILWU Local 21 in their battle with the new high-tech grain export terminal in Longview, Wash.. As a consequence of the January 2012 negotiated Export Grain Terminal contract for International Longshore and Warehouse Union Local 21 in Longview, Wash., dockworkers and the Pacific Northwest Grain Handlers Association negotiations are headed for a showdown. In fact, the Grain Handlers are expected to lock out longshore workers on October 24 at six Northwest grain terminals in Portland, Ore.; Seattle, Tacoma, and Vancouver, Wash.. These grain negotiations are setting the stage for the 2014 longshore contract negotiations, which will impact big money issues like pension and welfare.. The Northwest grain terminal employers are demanding ...
Colds as predictors of the onset and severity of COPD exacerbations Neil W Johnston,1 Marita Olsson,2 Staffan Edsbäcker,3 Maria Gerhardsson de Verdier,4 Per Gustafson,5 Christopher McCrae,3 Peter V Coyle,6 R Andrew McIvor1 1Department of Medicine, Firestone Institute for Respiratory Health, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada; 2Early Clinical Development Biometrics, 3Respiratory, Inflammation & Autoimmunity Unit, Innovative Medicines & Early Development, 4Medical Evidence and Observational Research Centre, 5Respiratory, Inflammation & Autoimmunity Translational Medicine Unit, Early Clinical Development, Innovative Medicines & Early Development, AstraZeneca Research and Development, Gothenburg, Molndal, Sweden; 6Regional Virology Laboratory, Belfast HS C Trust, Belfast, UK Rationale: Common colds are associated with acute respiratory symptom exacerbations in COPD patients. Objective: To determine exacerbation risk and severity in COPD patients with/without coincident self-reported colds. Methods:
Chronic respiratory diseases are major non-communicable diseases. Asthma and allergic diseases occur throughout the life cycle and can begin during pregnancy and childhood. In Europe, they affect 30 million children and adults under 45 years of age. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has an estimated annual death rate of over 4 million people globally. Among the European Union (EU) member states, asthma accounted for an average of 53 hospital admissions per 100 000 population in 2009, and the average COPD-related admission rate was 184. The annual direct and indirect costs in the 28 EU countries due to COPD or asthma are estimated at €48 billion and €34 billion, respectively. Chronic respiratory diseases affect active and healthy ageing. Asthma in children or adults is a common risk factor for COPD in adults. ...
An individual with recent onset of an influenza-like illness (ILI), which may include fever ≥380C PLUS ONE OR MORE of the following acute respiratory symptoms (sore throat, rhinorrhoea / nasal congestion, cough or other signs part of the respiratory complex, myalgia, diarrhoea ).
Mendell, Mark J, Gina M Naco, Thomas G Wilcox, and W. Karl Sieber. Building-related risk factors and work-related lower respiratory symptoms in 80 office building. Proceedings of the Indoor Air 2002 Conference, Monterey, CA 2002: 103-108. ...
While mortality rates for most chronic illnesses (heart disease, malignancy, stroke) have declined in the U.S., mortality from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has increased over the past 3 decades. COPD is the fourth-leading cause of death and the second leading cause of disability in the United States. Blue-collar workers have the highest prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in the country. The main cause of COPD is abnormal inflammatory response of the lung to inhalation of noxious particles and gases, with tobacco smoking being the most prevalent risk factor. Most cases of obstructive or restrictive respiratory diseases are preventable. Evidence shows that in occupational settings with exposure to respiratory hazards, maintaining workers respiratory health is important not only for workers health but for reducing companies and individuals health-related costs.1-6 The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) new WorkLife initiative ...
Asthma, COPD, Tuberculosis, and other respiratory diseases or conditions can have a significant affect on your oral health, ranging from dry mouth to infections and more.
Respiratory diseases are the diseases that affect the airways, including the nasal cavity, the bronchi and the lungs. They are divided in acute infections, such as pneumonia or bronchitis and chronic, such as asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.. Today it is estimated that 300 million people suffer from asthma and it is the most common childrens disease. It constitutes a major public issue for all countries regardless of their level of development and economy strength. Asthma is under-diagnosed and inadequately-treated. It degrades the quality of life of the patients and has a life-long effect.. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a life threatening lung disease, intervening with normal breathing. It is estimated that 210 million people suffer from COPD worldwide and more than 3 million have died due to COPD in 2005, corresponding to 5% of worldwide mortality. 90% of the patients with COPD reside at countries with medium or low standard of living.. In order for these ...
The smoke from the recent wildfires in the area pose a respiratory threat to everyone but especially to people with chronic respiratory problems such as asthma, COPD and emphysema. Since the soot and ash have filled the Central Texas atmosphere, you do not have to be close to the fires to experience symptoms. This smoke and ash can be irritants to the nasal cavity as well as the respiratory system.
Greasy hair might not give you an attractive appearance, but it might reduce the amount of ozone you breathe in, and thus prevent you from respiratory problems.
Respiratory Problems - BLEEDERS & COPD HEAVES: HYPERBARIC CHAMBER Hyperbaric oxygen therapy increases the oxygen levels in the horses body 12-15 times the normal amount. The
article: Gastro-esophageal studies in relationship to respiratory problems - The Quarterly Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular imaging 2010 August;54(4):372-8 - Minerva Medica - Riviste
Asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) currently cost payers and patients in the United States over $100 billion annually. By 2020, the Centers for Disease Controls and Prevention estimates that the cost of medical care for adults in the U.S. with COPD alone will increase 53 percent to more than $90 billion.. Propeller is a digital therapeutic designed to help patients and their physicians better understand and control COPD, asthma and other respiratory disease, reducing preventable emergency room visits, hospitalizations and unnecessary suffering. With a novel combination of sensors, mobile apps, analytics and personalized feedback, the system encourages adherence to maintenance therapy and remotely monitors use of rescue medications to predict exacerbations and facilitate early intervention by care teams.. In the last year, Propeller Health doubled its number of commercial programs and added its first contract with an accountable care organization. In addition, the company ...
Respiratory diseases are major causes of pediatric morbidity and mortality. These diseases are incompletely understood, which is a barrier to improving clinical...
Acute Children, Aged Asthma Attack & Allergy, Causes: Nutrition, Air Pollution, Allergens, Symptoms, Effects on Respiratory Diseases, Immune System, Chronic Inflammation
Breathe Easy: Seasonal Allergies and Respiratory Conditions. It seems like we barely recover from cold and flu season when allergy season arrives in North Carolina. Sneezing, runny nose, watery eyes, drainage… all common symptoms of allergies.. When a person says they have allergies that typically means their immune system is defending the body against something thats not actually there. Sounds odd, but its true. The body remembers defending itself against bacteria and viruses, so when generally harmless allergens such as pollen or mold enters the body, the immune system defends the body through allergic reactions.. Hay Fever. A main type of seasonal allergies is Allergic Rhinitis, commonly called Hay Fever, that is triggered by indoor or outdoor allergens like pet dander or pollen. With many people, Hay Fever is something to be endured for a few weeks during the year. It usually includes sinus pressure, congestion, sneezing and runny nose among other symptoms.. Its best to try to prevent ...
Breathe Easy: Seasonal Allergies and Respiratory Conditions. It seems like we barely recover from cold and flu season when allergy season arrives in North Carolina. Sneezing, runny nose, watery eyes, drainage… all common symptoms of allergies.. When a person says they have allergies that typically means their immune system is defending the body against something thats not actually there. Sounds odd, but its true. The body remembers defending itself against bacteria and viruses, so when generally harmless allergens such as pollen or mold enters the body, the immune system defends the body through allergic reactions.. Hay Fever. A main type of seasonal allergies is Allergic Rhinitis, commonly called Hay Fever, that is triggered by indoor or outdoor allergens like pet dander or pollen. With many people, Hay Fever is something to be endured for a few weeks during the year. It usually includes sinus pressure, congestion, sneezing and runny nose among other symptoms.. Its best to try to prevent ...
Five-year agreement focused on improving health outcomes for patients across main therapy areas CAMBRIDGE, MA, April 13, 2015-In a major step forward to make patient-centric evidence a cornerstone of scientific discovery and development, PatientsLikeMe and AstraZeneca (NYSE: AZN) have signed a five-year agreement to provide access to PatientsLikeMes global network in support of AstraZenecas patient-driven research initiatives.. AstraZeneca will use patient-reported data from PatientsLikeMe to shape future medicine development and help improve outcomes across its main therapeutic areas, with an initial focus on respiratory disease, lupus, diabetes and oncology.. Understanding what patients are experiencing every day and how they define the value of their treatments are fundamental to our ability to push the boundaries of science in developing the next-generation of medicines, said Briggs Morrison, EVP Global Medicines Development, AstraZeneca. Our partnership with PatientsLikeMe will help us ...
SportNeb 2 model 3050-2 is an economical choice for treatment of asthma, COPD and other respiratory diseases. Find the SportNeb2 Nebulizer.
9.4 Respiratory disease Oxford Textbook of Public Health 9.4 Respiratory disease T. H. Lam and A. J. Hedley Factors in respiratory disease Global respiratory mortality World burden of respiratory diseases Smoking and respiratory deaths in developed countries Deaths from smoking in developing countries Recent international and national actions Occupational factors and respiratory diseases Respiratory health…
Acute lower respiratory disorders symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and treatment information for Acute lower respiratory disorders (Acute lower respiratory conditions) with alternative diagnoses, full-text book chapters, misdiagnosis, research treatments, prevention, and prognosis.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Survey of infectious agents involved in acute respiratory disease in finishing pigs. AU - Loeffen, W.L.A.. AU - Kamp, E.M.. AU - Stockhofe-Zurwieden, N.. AU - van Nieuwstadt, A.P.K.M.I.. AU - Bongers, J.H.. AU - Hunneman, W.A.. AU - Elbers, A.R.W.. AU - Baars, J.. AU - Nell, T.. AU - van Zijderveld, F.G.. PY - 1999. Y1 - 1999. U2 - 10.1136/vr.145.5.123. DO - 10.1136/vr.145.5.123. M3 - Article. VL - 145. SP - 123. EP - 129. JO - Veterinary Record. JF - Veterinary Record. SN - 0042-4900. IS - 5. ER - ...
Having problems with breathing? You can now find safe and effective medications for respiratory disorders in pregnancy from our guide. Our expert doctors have listed medicines for respiratory disease in pregnancy which will bring quick relief without any problems. Find from a long list of medicines that can help you out.
Our results reveal that hyperosmolarity is associated with increased hospital mortality of patients who are critically ill, presenting as a U-shaped association. However, this pattern was not observed for patients with respiratory admission disease, and only extreme hyperosmolarity was related to increased risk of death in this subgroup. In addition, vasopressin is strongly associated with a higher mortality rate in all six subgroups. To the best of our knowledge, this is the largest study using subgroup analysis to establish a link between osmolarity imbalance and mortality in patients in mixed ICU.. Water balance inside the body is of vital importance for patients who are critically ill , and serum osmolarity plays an important role in extracellular and intracellular water distribution. Perturbation of osmolarity is common in patients admitted to ICU, which is related to intracellular dehydration or oedema, potentially leading to adverse outcomes.17 Holtfreter et al recently examined the ...
For patients dealing with serious respiratory conditions, having a base of important information, thought leadership and products that can aid in knowledge, comfort and improved health outcomes is imperative.. Avanos is that platform. Our respiratory products and content can help patients receive the quality care they need whether at home or in the hospital. Working with clinical care clinicians weve developed a wide range of important respiratory products designed to help facilitate best practices of respiratory care. With safety, comfort, and convenience a priority for both clinicians and patients, our closed suction systems, endotracheal tubes, oral care solutions and sampling catheters help treat and protect your patients and may help to improve their quality of life.. Our respiratory health solutions include:. ...
Have you ever been runnin along with buds, when suddenly you cant catch your breath? You might be suffering from asthma. Check out the list of symptoms to see if they apply to you.
During a health crisis, like the current spread of the Coronavirus, it is imperative that your respiratory channels stay strong and healthy. Many people who are most at risk, when it comes to the COVID-19, are those with respiratory problems. Many people who are most at risk, when it comes to the COVID-19, are those with respiratory problems. Naturally, during an unprecedented crisis, Ive been asking myself how can I be of service. One way is by sharing the most powerful breathing routine I know. This practice which comprises 3 stages will purify the respiratory channels, improve immunity, support brain coherence, and decrease stress. Its my hope that this breathwork along with proper diet, exercise, plenty of water and rest will help you stay strong and healthy. Feel free to SHARE with your loved ones.. Continue to the Episode. Get it via iTunes Get new episodes by Email ...
I seldom have upper respiratory symptoms. My alergy presents as very loose and fluid chest congestion - if unchecked it get to the point of sounding like pneumonia. I am alergic to Mt Red Cedar and so...
pneumonia was initially diagnosed in malnourished kids and offers recently been found in children with upper respiratory symptoms. had some part in dampening irritation, since interleukin-10 (IL-10)-deficient pups cleared quicker than wild-type pups as well as the neutralization of changing growth aspect beta PCI-32765 (TGF-) with particular antibody improved T cell migration in to the […]. ...
It has really been a struggle to find the right level of medication and to keep my doctor convinced that I know what I am talking about, since my TSH is non-existent when I am properly treated and feel...
Learn about the causes, symptoms, diagnosis & treatment of Respiratory Problems in Neonates from the Professional Version of the Merck Manuals.
The public health burden of asthma is approaching alarming levels. The Centers for Disease Control estimates that nearly 24 million people of all ages are afflicted with this chronic respiratory condition. Further, asthma is one of the most common chronic allergic and respiratory conditions impacting children.
1. Respiratory infection of rabbits with Bacillus bovisepticus (snuffles) is favored by chilling the animals after they have been accustomed to heat.. 2. The character of this disease, which occurs frequently in rabbits under natural conditions, makes the application of the experimental results to similar respiratory conditions in man less open to objection than in similar experiments with other infections.. 3. The weight of experimental evidence, including our own, does not justify the elimination of exposure to cold as a possible though secondary factor in the incidence of acute respiratory disease.. 4. From the limited data of our last two experiments it is suggested that any marked change of temperature predisposes rabbits to this infection, the severity of which varies with the amount of change, and that a change from low to high temperature has an even more marked effect than that from high to low.. ...
Free, official coding info for 2018 ICD-10-CM J68.4 - includes detailed rules, notes, synonyms, ICD-9-CM conversion, index and annotation crosswalks, DRG grouping and more.
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Previously need to be confirmed about the term airway seemed closed is similar to what symptoms, such as shortness of breath or chest pain or other symptoms given these symptoms are not generally encountered. Symptoms of respiratory disorders not only come from airway disorders, but can also come from disorders in the heart, blood, kidneys, central nervous system, psychogenic and so forth.. ...
Rheomuco aims to fight chronic lung diseases like COPD, the 3rd cause of death worldwide, as well as bronchiectasis and severe asthma. It...
Kuzucu, A. (2006). "Parasitic diseases of the respiratory tract". Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine. 12 (3): 212-221. doi: ... weight loss and a low fever raises the possible diagnosis of this disease. Some children with this disease may also have ... This disease can be confused with tuberculosis, asthma, or coughs related to roundworms. Tropical pulmonary eosinophilia is a ... "Lymphatic filariasis: The disease and its control. Fifth report of the WHO Expert Committee on Filariasis". World Health ...
Acute Respiratory Tract Diseases: prevention & treatment. Medcom Press, 1975. Infectious Diseases: fortieth and final annual ... This led to the publication of An Acute Infection of the Respiratory Tract with Atypical Pneumonia: a disease entity probably ... NCBI Landmark article Dec 24,1938: An acute infection of the respiratory tract with atypical pneumonia. A disease entity ... 20-June 26, 1963 Reimann, Hobart A (1938). "An Acute Infection of the Respiratory Tract with Atypical Pneumonia: a disease ...
"Fungi and allergic lower respiratory tract diseases". Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. 129 (2): 280-291. doi:10.1016 ... A blight disease of ber, Ziziphus mauritiana, is caused by T. herbarum. In one study, T. herbarum accounted for 47% of the ... Nallathambi, P.; Umamaheswari, C. (2001). "A new disease of ber (Ziziphus mauritiana Lim) caused by Torula herbarum (Pers) link ...
"Fungi and allergic lower respiratory tract diseases". Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. 129 (2): 280-291. doi:10.1016 ... It must be diagnosed after excluding the other, reversible causes of acute respiratory failure. Underlying disease must be ... In people with predisposing lung diseases-such as persistent asthma or cystic fibrosis (or rarer diseases such as chronic ... with the presence of type II respiratory failure or pulmonary heart disease, with radiological evidence of severe fibrosis ...
... emerging and infectious zoonotic diseases; and diseases of the lung, respiratory tract, skin, and digestive system are ... will focus on identifying and making available to consumers bioactive compounds in plants that prevent and treat disease." In ...
Diseases such as bronchitis can also affect the respiratory tract. Medical terms related to the lung often begin with pulmo-, ... The respiratory tract is lined by respiratory epithelium or respiratory mucosa, with hair-like projections called cilia that ... The respiratory tract has a branching structure, and is also known as the respiratory tree. In the embryo this structure is ... Pulmonology is the medical speciality that deals with diseases involving the respiratory tract, and cardiothoracic surgery is ...
Therefore, diseases affecting the respiratory tract can increase airway resistance. Airway resistance can also change over time ... In respiratory physiology, airway resistance is the resistance of the respiratory tract to airflow during inhalation and ... While the assumptions of the Hagen-Poiseuille equation are not strictly true of the respiratory tract it serves to show that, ... 2010). "Reference equations for specific airway resistance in children: the Asthma UK initiative". European Respiratory Journal ...
Diseases[edit]. Gopher tortoises are known to contract upper respiratory tract diseases (URTDs) caused by various ... "Pathology of upper respiratory tract disease of gopher tortoises in Florida". Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 36 (2): 272-283. ... Ozgul, Arpat; Madan K. Oli; Benjamin M. Bolker; Carolina Perez-Heydrich (April 2009). "Upper respiratory tract disease, force ... "Upper Respiratory Tract Disease in the Gopher Tortoise Is Caused by Mycoplasma agassizii ". J Clin Microbiol. 37 (7): 2262-2269 ...
Most common diseases within the settlement are Malaria and Respiratory Tract Infections. The Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) ... MTI intervenes and also supports awareness messages on HIV/AIDS, other communicable diseases, health promotion campaigns, and ...
"Human Bocavirus Infection in Children With Respiratory Tract Disease". The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. 27 (11): 969- ...
Some evidence links HPV to benign and malignant tumors of the upper respiratory tract. The International Agency for Research on ... "CDC - Condom Effectiveness - Male Latex Condoms and Sexually Transmitted Diseases". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ... Sinal SH, Woods CR (2005). "Human papillomavirus infections of the genital and respiratory tracts in young children". Seminars ... Sexually Transmitted Diseases (At Issue Series). New York: Greenhaven Press, 2007. *^ a b c Hernandez BY, Wilkens LR, Zhu X, ...
Clinical trial of guacetisal in aged subjects with inflammatory diseases of the respiratory tract]". La Clinica Terapeutica. ... Guacetisal is a drug that has been used to treat inflammatory respiratory diseases. Chemically, it is an ester resulting from ...
The Marlioz Spa specialises in the diseases of the respiratory tract and throat diseases. Aix-les-Bains is the first spa town ... This spa is particularly suitable for the release of the respiratory system and heals diseases of the mouth. Treated ENT ... Raynaud's disease), on the other hand, these waters are contraindicated for the varicose ulcer, stroke or recent cardiac events ... neurology and cardio-vascular diseases. It was authorized to increase its capacity with fifteen new beds and 15 additional ...
"Association between respiratory tract diseases and secondhand smoke exposure among never smoking flight attendants: a cross- ... Other studies have found increased rates of breast and skin cancer,[47] reduced respiratory health,[48] adverse reproductive ... Poor cabin air quality is a subject of ongoing study in relation to symptoms such as headache, fatigue, fever, and respiratory ... There is also much concern regarding the transmission of contagious diseases, particularly tuberculosis. An open question ...
Associated diseases include mild to moderate upper respiratory tract infections, severe lower respiratory tract infection, ... The first cases of the infection with HCoV-NL63 were found in young children with severe lower respiratory tract infections ... An early study investigating children with lower respiratory tract illness, found that HCoV-NL63 was more commonly found in ... Transmission of HCoV-NL63 is likely through droplet expulsion from the respiratory tract, which may be airborne or spread ...
Infection usually results in disease of the gastrointestinal or respiratory tract. Infection may also cause ocular or ... Postmortem examination may reveal lesions in the gastrointestinal or respiratory tract and enlarged lymph nodes. Cattle should ... The disease can be controlled by ensuring that calves receive adequate colostrum at birth. Management factors such as ... Respiratory signs include coughing, serous nasal discharge, dyspnea and tachypnea. Signs may worsen if a secondary infection ...
"PCR diagnosis of primary herpesvirus type I in poliomyelitis-like paralysis and respiratory tract disease". Pediatric neurology ... Its cause has not been established, but its association with asthma exacerbations (usually with a respiratory infection as a ... Kira, J (2003). "Neural damage associated with allergic diseases: pathomechanism and therapy". Rinsho Shinkeigaku. 43 (11): 756 ... trigger) has led to suspicion that the initial viral insult that causes the respiratory infection is also implicated in the ...
... oris is associated with diseases of the respiratory tract of Hermann's tortoise (Testudo hermanni). " ... Associated with Respiratory Disease in Hermann's Tortoises". Genome Announcements. 2 (6). doi:10.1128/genomeA.01322-14. PMC ...
2, 1952). Marshall wrote "Diseases of the respiratory tract" in Conybeare's Textbook of Medicine and many articles. He was ... As a respiratory physiologist Geoffrey invented gas and oxygen anaesthesia and devised his own machine while serving as an ... He was the co-editor, with Kenneth Murray Allan Perry, of Diseases of the Chest (vol. ...
It has also colonized the respiratory tracts of patients with granulomatous disease. In lung transplant patients, infection can ... One widespread plant disease caused by Burkholderia gladioli is called scab. It can be seen on Gladiolus corms as water-soaked ... Burkholderia gladioli is a species of aerobic gram-negative rod-shaped bacteria that causes disease in both humans and plants. ... One pathovariety, growing on coconut pulp, produces the respiratory toxin bongkrek acid which can cause fatal poisoning in ...
respiratory tract infection (en) lower respiratory tract disease (en) Espezialitatea. pneumologia. Identifikatzaileak. ... Chest radiographs for acute lower respiratory tract infections» The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (12): CD009119. doi ... GBD 2015 Disease Injury Incidence Prevalence Collaborators. (2016ko urria). «Global, regional, and national incidence, ... a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013» Lancet 385 (9963): 117-71. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(14)61682-2 ...
upper respiratory tract disease (en) estreptokozia. Espezialitatea. infektologia. Pediatria. Arrazoia(k). Streptococcus ... Disease Ontology ID. DOID:8596. Eskarlatina Streptococcus pyogenes bakterioak eragindako gaitz infekziosoa da, umeak gehienbat ...
"Picobirnaviruses in the human respiratory tract". Emerging Infectious Diseases. 18 (9): 1539-40. doi:10.3201/eid1809.120507. ... Associated symptoms include gastroenteritis in animals and humans, though the disease association is unclear. Picobirnavirus is ... Emerging Infectious Diseases. 26 (1). doi:10.3201/eid2601.et2601. Pereira, HG; Flewett, TH; Candeias, JAN; Barth, OM (1988). "A ...
Captive sand cats are highly sensitive to respiratory diseases and infection of the upper respiratory tract. This is the main ... The most common disease is infectious rhinotracheitis. With sand cats being very susceptible to respiratory infections, they ... Sand cats may be at risk of transfer of diseases from domestic and feral cats encroaching desert areas. In Saudi Arabia, one of ... Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 39 (3): 696-701. doi:10.7589/0090-3558-39.3.696. PMID 14567233. S2CID 25416007. Strauss, W. M.; ...
Concurrent infections, such as viral upper respiratory tract infection or other febrile diseases, can cause outbreaks. ... "Condom Effectiveness - Male Latex Condoms and Sexually Transmitted Diseases". Center for Disease Control and Prevention. ... there was an increase in sexually transmitted diseases. One of the diseases that increased dramatically was genital herpes. In ... In the 18th century, it was so common among prostitutes that it was called "a vocational disease of women". The term 'herpes ...
532-536 Williams JV, Harris PA... Crowe JE (2004). Human metapneumovirus and lower respiratory tract disease in otherwise ... He then completed a clinical fellowship in pediatric infectious diseases at Vanderbilt Medical Center before being appointed to ... Sapparapu G, Fernandez E... Crowe JE (2016). Neutralizing human antibodies prevent Zika virus replication and fetal disease in ... respiratory syncytial virus, rotavirus, human metapneumovirus and vaccinia virus. His group is particularly known for their ...
"A newly discovered human pneumovirus isolated from young children with respiratory tract disease". Nature Medicine. 7 (6): 719- ... and has a range of diseases involved with respiratory illness. Orthopneumoviruses can cause diseases that range from a less- ... "Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infection (RSV)". Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved 2019-06-03. CS1 maint: ... The genus Orthopneumovirus consists of pathogens that target the upper respiratory tract within their specific hosts. Every ...
... is the common name for a feline upper respiratory tract disease. While feline upper respiratory disease can be caused ... Feline upper respiratory tract disease-Cat Flu (fabcats.org) Treating cat flu v t e. ... This is the disease most commonly associated with the "cat flu" misnomer. Feline calicivirus-(cat respiratory disease) ... "Cat flu-help control & understand disease as practical guide preventing outbreaks". future-of-vaccination.co.uk. Kobus Grobler ...
Medicines acting on the respiratory tract[edit]. Antiasthmatics and medicines for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease[edit]. ... 25 Medicines acting on the respiratory tract *25.1 Antiasthmatics and medicines for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease ... Juvenile joint diseases[edit]. *Acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin)[note 90]. Notes[edit]. An α indicates the medicine is only on ... Medicines for diseases of joints[edit]. Medicines used to treat gout[edit]. *Allopurinol ...
Upper respiratory tract infection - 7 to 14 days. Kata. opsional. Causes. causes. Cause of the disease (if known). Try to ... Upper respiratory tract infection - "common cold", "bug", "snuffles". Kata. opsional. Image. image. Image file (just the ... Incidence (rate of newly diagnosed cases of the disease during a specified period of time, e.g., one month or one year); Period ... Heart disease - Smoking; high blood pressure; high cholesterol; obesity; family history (genetics). Kata. opsional. ...
Viral respiratory tract infections. *Atypical pneumonias. *Airborne diseases. *Coronavirus-associated diseases. Hidden ... Inter-Agency Task Force for the Management of Emerging Infectious Diseases (Philippines) ...
S. pneumoniae is part of the normal upper respiratory tract flora. As with many natural flora, it can become pathogenic under ... Diseases and symptoms[edit]. Pneumonia is the most common of the S. pneumoniae diseases which include symptoms such as fever ... 16: Pneumococcal Disease". In Atkinson W; Wolfe S; Hamborsky J. Epidemiology and Prevention of Vaccine-Preventable Diseases ( ... S. pneumoniae resides asymptomatically in healthy carriers typically colonizing the respiratory tract, sinuses, and nasal ...
Inflammatory reaction (e.g. acute respiratory tract infections, chronic sinusitis, rhinitis or environmental irritants) ... U.S. Centers for Disease Control Published 2001-05-11.. *^ a b c Wackym,, James B. Snow,... P. Ashley (2009). Ballenger's ... Connective tissue disease. *Drugs-aspirin, fexofenadine, warfarin, clopidogrel, prasugrel, isotretinoin, desmopressin and ... Chronic liver disease-cirrhosis causes deficiency of factor II, VII, IX,& X ...
List of systemic diseases with ocular manifestations. References[edit]. *^ a b c Matejcek, A; Goldman, RD (November 2013). " ... It may be infectious or non infectious.[3] In infectious conjunctivitis, the organism is transmitted from the genital tract of ... Respiratory. *Intrauterine hypoxia. *Infant respiratory distress syndrome. *Transient tachypnea of the newborn ... The disease incidence varies widely depending on the geographical location. The most extensive epidemiological survey on this ...
These often occur in the respiratory tract including the sinuses and pneumatoics bones, hock joints, sternal bursa, foot pads, ... Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 42: 81-91. *^ K.R. Rhoades and R.B. Rimler, Avian pasteurellosis, in "Diseases of poultry", ed. ... Journal of Wildlife Disease. 42: 33-39. *^ Samuel et al. 2005. Avian Cholera in Waterfowl: The role of Lesser Snow Geese and ... Journal of Wildlife Diseases. *^ Blanchong et al. 2006. Multi-species patterns of avian cholera mortality in Nebraska's ...
"American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. 163 (3 Pt 2): S18-21. doi:10.1164/ajrccm.163.supplement_1.2011113. ... SP concentrations cannot yet be used to diagnose disease clinically or gauge disease severity. It is not yet known whether ... Entamoeba histolytica is a unicellular parasitic protozoan that infects the lower gastrointestinal tract of humans. The ... "Neural mechanisms of respiratory syncytial virus-induced inflammation and prevention of respiratory syncytial virus sequelae". ...
London: The Religious Tract Society.. *^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Octopus". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge ... Extensive connective tissue lattices support the respiratory muscles and allow them to expand the respiratory chamber.[37] The ... Coccidians in the genus Aggregata living in the gut cause severe disease to the host. Octopuses have an innate immune system, ... The tract consists of a crop, where the food is stored, a stomach, where food is ground down, a caecum where the now sludgy ...
... urinary tract, etc.).. The physical examination is the examination of the patient for medical signs of disease, which are ... respiratory therapists, speech therapists, occupational therapists, radiographers, dietitians, and bioengineers, surgeons, ... listen)) is the science and practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.[4][5] The word "medicine" is ... Preventive medicine is the branch of medicine concerned with preventing disease. *Community health or public health is an ...
respiratory minute volume. FEV1/FVC ratio. Lung function tests. spirometry. body plethysmography. peak flow meter. nitrogen ... As such, it happens automatically (though there are exceptions in some disease states) and does not need conscious control or ...
Colorectal Disease. 10 (8): 789-792. doi:10.1111/j.1463-1318.2007.01381.x. PMID 17868406.. ... which may be useful in case of fecal incontinence or neurologic diseases, including traumatic spinal cord injuries; ... acute abdominal symptoms indicating a serious underlying disease). Although a Journal of Emergency Medicine paper concludes: " ... Lower GI tract. Small bowel. *Bariatric surgery *Duodenal switch. *Jejunoileal bypass. *Bowel resection ...
"PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases. 6 (9): e1839. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0001839. PMC 3459880 . PMID 23029594.. ... Infection typically occurs by direct or indirect exposure to animal excrement through the respiratory or gastrointestinal ... Less commonly there may be bleeding from the mouth or gastrointestinal tract.[1] The risk of death once infected is about one ... Descriptions of the disease date from the 1950s.[1] The virus was first described in 1969 from a case in the town of Lassa, in ...
This involves inhaling purified human A1AT into the lungs and trapping the A1AT into the lower respiratory tract. However, ... which results in respiratory complications, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, in adults. Normally, A1AT leaves its ... The results of this program were first documented in the Effects of a Disease Management Program in Individuals with Alpha-1 ... Axelsson and Laurell first investigated the possibility of allelic variants of A1AT leading to disease in 1965. Alpha 1- ...
Exposure to cold and respiratory tract infections,url=,journal=The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, ... Common colds are defined as upper respiratory tract infections that affect the predominantly nasal part of the respiratory ... Supplementation on Upper Respiratory Tract Infections in Healthy Adults: The VIDARIS Randomized Controlled Trial,/subtitle,,url ... The economic burden of non-influenza-related viral respiratory tract infection in the United States,url=,journal=Arch. Intern. ...
Ciliated pseudostratified columnar (respiratory epithelium). Roof of pharynx Palatine tonsils. Non-keratinized stratified ... The tonsils are a set of lymphoid organs facing into the aerodigestive tract, which is known as Waldeyer's tonsillar ring and ... L. Michaels (1987). Normal Anatomy, Histology; Inflammatory Diseases. Springer London. ISBN 9781447133322. .. ... Ciliated pseudostratified columnar (respiratory epithelium). Incompletely encapsulated. No crypts, but small folds. Roof of ...
Disease * sw:Disease. Dmitri Mendeleev * sw:Dmitri Mendeleev. DNA * sw:DNA. Dog * sw:Dog. Dome * sw:Dome. Domestic pig * sw: ... Respiratory system * sw:Respiratory system. Rhine * sw:Rhine. Rice * sw:Rice. Richard Wagner * sw:Richard Wagner. Rio de ... Human gastrointestinal tract * sw:Human gastrointestinal tract. Human rights * sw:Human rights. Hundred Years' War * sw:Hundred ... Sexually transmitted disease * sw:Maradhi ya zinaa. Shāhnāma * sw:Shāhnāma. Shanghai * sw:Shanghai. Shark * sw:Shark. Sheep * ...
Respiratory tract. References[change , change source]. *↑ 1.0 1.1 Barrett, Kim E.; Barman, Susan M.; et al. (April 26, 2012). ... For example, people with asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) often use an inhaler when they have trouble ... "Introduction to Respiratory & Cardiovascular Physiology. University of the West of England, Bristol. 2016. Retrieved January 29 ...
Parkinson's Disease and Alzheimer's Disease.[3] There is also an interest in the military potential of biological neurotoxins ... Death often occurs from respiratory failure.[44] Saxitoxin was originally isolated and described by the United States military ... Skin, gastro-intestinal tract Lyngbya Saxitoxin Nerve synapse Anabaena, Aphanizomenon, Lyngbya, Cylindrospermopsis ... "Neurobiology of Disease. 25 (2): 360-366. doi:10.1016/j.nbd.2006.10.002. PMC 3959771. PMID 17098435.. ...
Like most viruses living along the respiratory tract, it is passed from person to person by tiny droplets in the air that are ... In "Manual for Surveillance of Vaccine-Preventable Diseases"". CDC.gov. United States Centers for Disease Control and ... The disease is named German measles because it has a similar red rash to measles and was first described in detail by German ... Rubella (also known as German measles) is a disease caused by the Rubella virus. ...
Despite general symptoms and problems with the upper respiratory tract (such as high fever, headache, a dry irritating cough ... "Primary atypical pneumonia" at Dorland's Medical Dictionary Commission on Acute Respiratory Diseases, Fort Bragg, North ... As the disease progresses, however, the look can tend to lobar pneumonia. Absence of leukocytosis. Extrapulmonary symptoms, ... permanent dead link] Diseases Database Causes of atypical pneumonia Cunha BA (May 2006). "The atypical pneumonias: clinical ...
Respiratory system/. acute viral nasopharyngitis/. viral pneumonia. DNA virus. *Epstein-Barr virus *EBV infection/Infectious ... The initial site of infection may be the tonsils,[4] or possibly the gastrointestinal tract.[5] The virus then remains latent ... Zu Rhein, G.M.; Chou, S.M. (1965). "Particles Resembling Papova Viruses in Human Cerebral Demyelinating Disease". Science. 148 ... Zurhein, G; Chou, S. M. (1965). "Particles Resembling Papova Viruses in Human Cerebral Demyelinating Disease". Science. 148 ( ...
Once inside, these bacteria attach themselves to or invade specific cells in our respiratory system, digestive tract or in any ... Some bacteria can cause diseases, but others help us in everyday activities like digesting food (gut flora). Some even work for ...
"Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases. 80 (1): 1-10. doi:10.4046/trd.2017.80.1.1. PMC 5256352. PMID 28119741.. ... Anticholinergics can cause dry mouth and urinary tract symptoms.[2] They are also associated with increased risk of heart ... Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Other names. Chronic obstructive lung disease (COLD), chronic obstructive airway disease ... American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. 187. Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease. pp. 1- ...
When inhaled the vapor produces a direct inflammatory effect on the respiratory tract. Respiratory damage is related to the ... 2008) Agricultural lung diseases. Environ Health Perspect 108:705-12. Hlastala MP, Ralph DD, Babb AL, Influence of gas physical ... Permanent damage to the upper respiratory tract, distal airways, and lung parenchyma occurs only if escape from the gas source ... Less soluble gases (e.g. nitrogen dioxide, phosgene, ozone) may not dissolve until they are well into the respiratory tract, ...
Many continue to have frequent infections of the ears and respiratory tract. The continued storage of GAGs in cells can lead to ... Hunter syndrome is one of several related lysosomal storage diseases called the MPS diseases. In Hunter syndrome, GAGs build up ... the effects of even mild disease are quite serious. Between the two main forms of disease, and even within them, two of the ... In Gangtok, the 8-year-old son of the editor of 'Voice of Sikkim' also suffers from the disease. A study in the United Kingdom ...
... or neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's disease. These conditions can cause anosmia. In ... Destruction to olfactory bulb, tract, and primary cortex (brodmann area 34) results in anosmia on the same side as the ... The most common cause of permanent hyposmia and anosmia are upper respiratory infections. Such dysfunctions show no change over ... These diseases have more moderate effects on the olfactory system than Alzheimer's or Parkinson's diseases.[39] Furthermore, ...
In general, rhinitis is the first sign in most people.[11][12] Involvement of the upper respiratory tract, such as the nose and ... Limited diseaseEdit. In generalised non-organ-threatening disease, remission can be achieved with a combination of methotrexate ... An early name for the disease was pathergic granulomatosis.[28] The disease is still sometimes confused with lethal midline ... GPA treatment depends on the severity of the disease.[8] Severe disease is typically treated with a combination of ...
... it is also effective in the treatment of urinary tract inflammatory disease in man.[47] For a time, bovine liver SOD even had ... Diminished SOD3 activity has been linked to lung diseases such as Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) or Chronic ... Role in disease[edit]. Mutations in the first SOD enzyme (SOD1) can cause familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS, a form ... This was cut short by concerns about prion disease.[citation needed] An SOD-mimetic agent, TEMPOL, is currently in clinical ...
Complementary & alternative medicine , Lungs & airways , Respiratory infections. Infectious disease , Respiratory infections , ... virus of the genus Morbillivirus in the upper respiratory tract and conjunctiva. It can lead to serious complications and death ... Child health , Infectious disease , Respiratory infections: measles, mumps, rubella. Child health , Lungs & airways , ... Respiratory infections: measles, mumps, rubella. Complementary & alternative medicine , Infectious disease , Respiratory ...
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This topic contains 1 study abstract on Respiratory Tract Infections: Prevention indicating that the following substance may be ... Diseases : Respiratory Tract Infections, Respiratory Tract Infections: Prevention. Pharmacological Actions : Anti-Inflammatory ... 6 Abstracts with Respiratory Tract Infections: Prevention Research. Filter by Study Type. Human Study. ... Breastfeeding duration for 6 months or longer is associated with a reduced risk of lower respiratory tract infections in pre- ...
Diseases : Respiratory Tract Infections, Respiratory Tract Infections: Prevention. Pharmacological Actions : Anti-Inflammatory ... Diseases : Oxidative Stress, Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections, Respiratory Tract Infections. Pharmacological Actions : ... Diseases : Coronavirus Infection, Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Respiratory Tract Infections. Pharmacological Actions : Anti- ... Diseases : Bacterial Infections, Bacterial Vaginosis, Legionnaires disease, Pneumonia, Respiratory Tract Infections, Tobacco ...
RESPIRATORY TRACT DISEASES By: "Goat Handbook, United States, 1992". Original Document: Web Site. About the Author. Please Help ... The microorganisms (germs) which produce the actual disease process are often normal inhabitants of the respiratory tract. ... This disease is caused by Mycoplasma mycoides ss mycoides and is the most common cause of pneumonia in Arizona goats. The ... The disease occurs primarily in 2 to 10 week old kids. Two Arizona outbreaks were associated with the spring weather change of ...
Other diseases of upper respiratory tract, Chronic lower respiratory diseases, Lung diseases due to external agents, Other ... Other diseases of upper respiratory tract ICD-10-CM Code range J30-J39. The ICD-10 code range for ICD-10 Other diseases of ... ICD-10 Code range (J00-J99), Diseases of the respiratory system, contains ICD-10 codes for Acute upper respiratory infections, ... upper respiratory tract J30-J39 is medical classification list by the World Health Organization (WHO). ...
Do lower respiratory tract infections in early childhood cause chronic obstructive pulmonary disease?. Shaheen SO1, Barker DJ, ... The hypothesis that lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) in early childhood lead to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease ...
Picobirnaviruses in the Human Respiratory Tract. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2012;18(9):1538-1539. doi:10.3201/eid1809.120507 ... Genogroup I and II picobirnaviruses in respiratory tracts of pigs. Emerg Infect Dis. 2011;17:2328-30. DOIPubMed ... In conclusion, the identification of new picobirnaviruses in respiratory tract samples from pigs (7) prompted us to look for ... The genogroup I picobirnavirus nucleotide sequences from the respiratory tracts of persons in the Netherlands showed 58% to 97 ...
Respiratory Tract Inflammation in Children With Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD). Official Title Pulmonary Inflammation in ... Respiratory Tract Inflammation in Children With Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD). This study has been completed. ... The purpose of this study is to determine whether inflammatory bowel disease in children involve the respiratory tract as ... Inflammatory bowel disease, Crohns disease (CD) and Ulcerative colitis (UC) are chronic inflammatory diseases with remissions ...
Obstruction des VRS dorigine neurologique Neurologic diseases causing upper respiratory tract obstructions in horses ... "Obstruction des VRS dorigine neurologique Neurologic diseases causing upper respiratory tract obstructions in horses", AVEF - ... conférence-annuelle-tours-2019/obstruction-des-vrs-dorigine-neurologique-neurologic-diseases-causing-upper-respiratory-tract ( ... Comparative Neuromuscular Diseases Laboratory, Department of Clinical Sciences and Services, Royal Veterinary College, ...
... non-alcoholic liver disease, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Aerosol from waterbodies appears to be a likely mechanism for ... Cyanobacteria produce harmful toxins that have been associated with several acute conditions and chronic human diseases, like ... Identifying aerosolized cyanobacteria in the human respiratory tract: A proposed mechanism for cyanotoxin-associated diseases ... Using PCR, cyanobacteria were found at high frequencies in the upper respiratory tract (92.20%) and central airway (79.31%) of ...
Children are susceptible to bacterial infections during or soon after upper respiratory tract infection (URI). We describe ... Microbial Interactions during Upper Respiratory Tract Infections. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2008;14(10):1584-1591. doi: ... Watson K, Carville K, Bowman J, Jacoby P, Riley TV, Leach AJ, Upper respiratory tract bacterial carriage in Aboriginal and non- ... Chonmaitree T, Revai K, Grady JJ, Clos A, Patel JA, Nair S, Viral upper respiratory tract infection and otitis media ...
... the condition is referred to as chronic upper respiratory tract disease. A runny or stuffed-up nose is the most common clinical ... When clinical signs of upper respiratory tract inflammation, such as sneezing or nasal and eye discharge, persist over weeks or ... chronic upper respiratory tract disease is a relatively common problem.". In unvaccinated cats, chronic upper respiratory tract ... Chronic Upper Respiratory Tract Disease. By Ernest Ward, DVM. Infectious Diseases, Medical Conditions, Pet Services ...
Archives of Disease in Childhood Jan 2020, 105 (1) 53-61; DOI: 10.1136/archdischild-2018-316693 ...
Laparoscopic Anti-reflux Surgery As a Definitive Treatment in Refractory Upper and Lower Respiratory Tract Diseases.. ... LARS is highly effective and should be offered to cases of failed medical treatment of upper and lower respiratory tract ... Reflux resulting in aspiration can result in lower respiratory tract illnesses such as asthma and pulmonary fibrosis. ... LARS can be seen as a definitive treatment in failed medical management of upper and lower respiratory and ENT cases. The ...
The role of Chlamydia pneumoniae in the etiology of acute lower respiratory tract infections in infants and children is little ... pneumoniae infection in hospitalized infants and children with acute lower respiratory tract disease by cell culture, ... Respiratory Tract Infections / diagnosis, epidemiology, microbiology*. Serologic Tests. From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of ... Results of this study indicate that C. pneumoniae plays a minor role in the etiology of respiratory tract infections in infants ...
... Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseas. ... What can you do if you have Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)?. By trimurtulu in forum Health & Lifestyle ... Advance Toward Early Diagnosis Of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. By trimurtulu in forum Latest Research And Medical ... Respiratory Tract Pathology Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease video class. * If this is your first visit, be sure to check ...
... of the respiratory secretion samples they had collected from patients with respiratory tract in ... reporting evidence of XMRV in the respiratory tract secretions of 2% to 10% of patients presenting with respiratory tract ... Xenotropic Murine Leukemia Virus-related Gammaretrovirus in Respiratory Tract - Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases, expedited ... To begin to answer some of them, we looked for XMRV in respiratory samples from 267 patients with respiratory tract infection ( ...
In fact, mycoplasma is not only responsible for respiratory tract infections such as pneumonia in children and adults, it can ... 03/21/2017 Brain Diseases An International study with participation of the UB proves that Huntingtons disease alters neurons ... The bacterium Mycoplasma pneumoniae can trigger the autoimmune disease GBS. (Image: Front Microbiol.2016;7:329). The bacterium ... 06/20/2017 Brain Diseases Genetic modifier for Huntingtons disease progression identified - See more at: http://www.ucl.ac.uk/ ...
Infectious causes for feline upper respiratory tract disease - a case-control study. Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery. ... Update on Feline Infectious Upper Respiratory Tract Disease (URTD) World Small Animal Veterinary Association World Congress ... These techniques rehydrate the upper respiratory tract, loosen secretions, and increase comfort. ... Famciclovir, an oral antiviral, is being increasingly used for FHV-associated disease (especially ocular disease but URTD too) ...
symptoms of bullous lung disease over a year ago. Cigarette smoke inhaled directly/passively equally dangerous over a year ago ... As the disease progresses both of these symptoms are becoming worse.. Other signs and symptoms of emphysema include:. *Chronic ... The result is that the small airways collapse during expiration, leading to an obstructive form of lung disease . Cigarette ... Comments and reviews on article Lung Diseases: Emphysema & tobacco smoke over a year ago. ...
Cupping Therapy for 103 Cases of High Fever Due to Infection fo the Upper Respiratory Tract (Articles) ... Cupping Therapy For 103 Cases of High Fever Due to Infection of the Upper Respiratory Tract. ...
Natures Revenge: Ten Diseases Of Humans That Came In From The Wild. Both animals we love, like cats, and animals we hate, like ... of people who catch the disease, the most serious symptom is an unusual appreciation for cats, but your history of owning cats ... or if you develop any form of immune deficiency disease. ... Respiratory tract disorders and diseases How Cat Parasites ... rats, can be the source of infectious diseases that affect tens of millions of people. From Ebola virus to cat scratch fever, ...
Compositional characterisation of human respiratory tract lining fluids for the design of disease specific simulants ... The respiratory tract lining fluid (RTLF) is the first physical interface with which inhaled materials and aerosolised drugs ... smoking status and the presence of established respiratory disease. Within the asthmatic group I observed evidence of an ... bronchial and alveolar compartments revealed marked compositional differences throughout the respiratory tract in healthy ...
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Respiratory System Respiratory Tract Infection Respiratory Tract Infections Retroviridae Infections RNA, Viral Sequence ... To identify nucleic acid sequences, we examined respiratory secretions by using PCR. XMRV-specific sequences were detected in 2 ... Infection of Female Primary Lower Genital Tract Epithelial Cells after Natural Pseudotyping of HIV-1: Possible Implications for ...
... Epidemiological ... Epidemiological update: Case of severe lower respiratory tract disease associated with a novel coronavirus, 13 February 2013 ... with a severe lower respiratory tract disease on 31 January. In the 10 days before his illness onset, the patient had visited ... Onset of disease was from April to October 2012; all cases were resident in Saudi Arabia, Qatar or Jordan during the preceding ...
Clinical relapses and disease activity on magnetic resonance imaging associated with viral upper respiratory tract infections ... Clinical relapses and disease activity on magnetic resonance imaging associated with viral upper respiratory tract infections ... Clinical relapses and disease activity on magnetic resonance imaging associated with viral upper respiratory tract infections ...
  • Evidence indicates that echinacea potently lowers the risk of recurrent respiratory infections and complications. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • Breastfeeding duration for 6 months or longer is associated with a reduced risk of lower respiratory tract infections in pre-school children. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • Serum vitamin D levels are inversely associated with recent respiratory tract infections. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • Yogurt supplemented with probiotics can protect the healthy elderly from respiratory infections. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • There is a considerable evidence that shows effectiveness of Echinacea products in prevention and treatment of respiratory tract infections. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • Effect of micronutrient supplements on influenza and other respiratory tract infections. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • Vitamin D decreases the events related to respiratory tract infections. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • Andrographis has a positive effect in the treatment of acute upper respiratory tract infections and also relieves the inflammatory symptoms of sinusitis. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • Both of the homeopathic products in this study led to a comparable reduction of upper respiratory tract infections. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • ICD-10 Code range (J00-J99), Diseases of the respiratory system, contains ICD-10 codes for Acute upper respiratory infections, Influenza and pneumonia, Other acute lower respiratory infections, Other diseases of upper respiratory tract, Chronic lower respiratory diseases, Lung diseases due to external agents, Other respiratory diseases principally affecting the interstitium. (aapc.com)
  • Do lower respiratory tract infections in early childhood cause chronic obstructive pulmonary disease? (nih.gov)
  • The hypothesis that lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) in early childhood lead to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in late adult life has been difficult to test. (nih.gov)
  • Children are susceptible to bacterial infections during or soon after upper respiratory tract infection (URI). (cdc.gov)
  • S. aureus strains colonize up to 35% of young children and are associated with a wide range of diseases including soft tissue infections, sepsis, and pneumonia ( 7 , 8 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Chlamydophila felis and Bordetella are bacteria that can cause primary respiratory infections in cats. (vcahospitals.com)
  • A group of organisms called Mycoplasma can cause primary respiratory and eye infections, or play a secondary role, along with bacteria such as Pasteurella, Streptococci, Staphylococci , and many others. (vcahospitals.com)
  • The role of Chlamydia pneumoniae in the etiology of acute lower respiratory tract infections in infants and children is little understood. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Results of this study indicate that C. pneumoniae plays a minor role in the etiology of respiratory tract infections in infants and young children. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC) has expedited the release of this research, reporting evidence of XMRV in the respiratory tract secretions of 2% to 10% of patients presenting with respiratory tract infections (and 3% of control subjects) in a German study. (prohealth.com)
  • In fact, mycoplasma is not only responsible for respiratory tract infections such as pneumonia in children and adults, it can also trigger Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) in infected individuals. (healthcanal.com)
  • BACKGROUND Although the risk of clinical attacks of multiple sclerosis seems to be significantly increased with viral upper respiratory tract infections (URTI), serological evidence for the reported association remains controversial. (bmj.com)
  • 5-8 The finding that infections of the upper respiratory tract (URTI) are significantly associated with clinical exacerbations of multiple sclerosis, 9-13 suggests that viruses may have a triggering role in the events that lead to blood-brain barrier breakdown or its inflammatory consequences. (bmj.com)
  • Both relapses and viral infections seem to be less common as the disease progresses. (bmj.com)
  • Most of the deaths avoided would be related to diarrhoeal infections, acute respiratory infections (ARIs) and malnutrition [1]. (who.int)
  • To determine some diagnostic accuracy, the metabolomic model of healthy children vs. RSV was presented blinded metabolomic data from children with respiratory distress from non-RSV infections. (biomedcentral.com)
  • To our knowledge, no systematic review has been published on their efficacy and safety for acute upper and lower respiratory tract infections (RTIs) in children without chronic broncho-pulmonary disease. (altmetric.com)
  • It is therefore unsurprising that upper respiratory tract infections are a major health concern. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The goal of this project is to investigate potential associations between weight status and clinical outcomes of children treated for viral or bacterial lower respiratory tract infections or asthma. (pedsnet.org)
  • It can also be persistent (inflammation of the larynx, bronchi) and periodic (the flu, acute respiratory infections, pneumonia). (thebestasthmaremedies.com)
  • Although the burden of influenza is often discussed in the context of historical pandemics and the threat of future pandemics, every year a substantial burden of lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) and other respiratory conditions (like chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) are attributable to seasonal influenza. (healthdata.org)
  • Feline herpesvirus (FHV) is a common cause of respiratory infections in cats housed in shelter situations. (winnfelinefoundation.org)
  • The student will be able to differentiate among the epidemiologies of infections caused by these organisms, and the underlying pathophysiology of disease. (mhmedical.com)
  • The student will be able to describe the clinical signs and symptoms associated with pneumonia and lower respiratory tract infections in children. (mhmedical.com)
  • Respiratory infections in children, particularly community-acquired bacterial pneumonias , are among the most important worldwide public health issues. (mhmedical.com)
  • Although bacterial pneumonias are an important cause of morbidity and mortality throughout the world, nonbacterial pneumonias and viral lower respiratory tract infections (such as bronchiolitis) are more prevalent in newborns and children. (mhmedical.com)
  • This chapter addresses respiratory infections-both "atypical" and bacterial-in newborns and children. (mhmedical.com)
  • In our body's respiratory system , the tracheal dis-ease , Tracheitis , as a respiratory tract dis-ease is an inflammation of the trachea that, usually associated with respiratory tract infections . (wellnessadvantage.com)
  • Post-viral or idiopathic rhinitis - Acute upper respiratory infections with FCV or FHV are common in cats, especially young cats. (icatcare.org)
  • The Infectious Diseases Management Program (IDMP) at UCSF is an interprofessional and interhospital collaboration aimed at improving antimicrobial use and the care of patients with infections. (ucsf.edu)
  • Herpesvirus is the most common upper respiratory tract infections in cats, so I felt it was important to dedicate time to sharing information about it. (criticalcaredvm.com)
  • Mardani M. The Impact of Tonsillectomy Upon Respiratory Tract Infections, Arch Clin Infect Dis. (archcid.com)
  • A population based study of 1.2 million patients suggested that people, who have their tonsils or adenoids removed, before the age of nine years are at higher risk for respiratory infections and allergic sicknesses, for as long as the age of 30 years old ( 2 , 3 ). (archcid.com)
  • Acute viral respiratory infections are an important cause of morbidity and mortality in humans worldwide. (springer.com)
  • The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of human coronavirus infections in a series of children hospitalized with symptoms of acute respiratory tract disease in a one-year period in Slovenia. (springer.com)
  • Of the HCoV-positive children, 70.3% had lower respiratory tract infections. (springer.com)
  • The results of our study show that HCoV are frequently detected human pathogens, often associated with other respiratory viruses and acute respiratory tract infections in hospitalized children. (springer.com)
  • The viruses most frequently associated with respiratory tract infections include respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), parainfluenza viruses (PIV), influenza viruses (Flu), adenoviruses (AdV), human rhinoviruses (hRV), and enteroviruses, and less commonly, human metapneumovirus (hMPV), human bocavirus (HBoV), and human coronaviruses (HCoV). (springer.com)
  • From June 2007 to May 2008, 897 respiratory specimens from 741 pediatric patients hospitalized at the University Children's Hospital in Ljubljana with acute respiratory tract infections (ARTIs), were sent to the laboratory of the Institute of Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ljubljana, for the routine detection of respiratory viruses. (springer.com)
  • abstract = "Respiratory tract disease can be associated with primary or secondary bacterial infections in dogs and cats and is a common reason for use and potential misuse, improper use, and overuse of antimicrobials. (ku.dk)
  • In this text, we will discuss about the relationship between respiratory tract infections and Nephrotic Syndrome. (blogspot.com)
  • Acute respiratory infections (ARIs) continue as the leading cause of mortality in under 5-year-old children worldwide. (pedinfect.com)
  • Despite the overlap of immune deficiency, pulmonary infections and chronic lung disease, little is knov/n about respiratory microbiome changes in HIV/AIDS, its relationship to infectious complications, and role in chronic pulmonary diseases. (grantome.com)
  • Other parasitic infections, such as the zoonotic filariae, dirofilariasis, ascariasis, strongyloides, visceral larva migrans and hookworm disease, may also be confused with tropical pulmonary eosinophilia because of overlapping clinical features, serological profile and response to diethylcarbamazine. (wikipedia.org)
  • What are the signs of a chronic upper respiratory infection? (vcahospitals.com)
  • Infection with Chlamydia pneumoniae in infants and children with acute lower respiratory tract disease. (biomedsearch.com)
  • We studied the prevalence of C. pneumoniae infection in hospitalized infants and children with acute lower respiratory tract disease by cell culture, polymerase chain reaction (PCR), enzyme immunoassay and serology. (biomedsearch.com)
  • 62 were controls with no respiratory tract infection (RTI), of whom 2 (3.2%) were XMRV positive (all residents of North Germany). (prohealth.com)
  • Laboratory investigations of respiratory specimens from 1 February have confirmed both an influenza A H1N1pdm09 infection and a NCoV infection. (europa.eu)
  • 1-4 Whereas the initiating antigenic stimulus remains unknown, viral infection is considered by some authors to be the most likely factor in initiation of disease. (bmj.com)
  • Respiratory tract infection etiology is complex and diverse, and new pathogens are continuously being reported. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The clinical symptoms of the children from whom the virus was isolated were similar to those caused by human respiratory syncytial virus infection, ranging from upper respiratory tract disease to severe bronchiolitis and pneumonia. (eur.nl)
  • Often the disease is caused by one type of agent (mono-infection), but sometimes (old age, AIDS and other immunodeficiency diseases) there can be multiple (extentable). (thebestasthmaremedies.com)
  • Also precipitating factors include alcohol abuse, hypothermia, presence of diseases of other organs and systems (diabetes, heart disease), the presence of foci of chronic infection, hereditary, and genetic anomalies and many others. (thebestasthmaremedies.com)
  • Gastric juice infected with H. pylori might play an important role in upper respiratory tract infection. (elsevier.com)
  • Oral supplementation with L-lysine did not prevent upper respiratory infection in a shelter population of cats. (winnfelinefoundation.org)
  • In the following list you will find some of the most common rare diseases related to Generalized hypotonia and Respiratory tract infection that can help you solving undiagnosed cases. (mendelian.co)
  • LICS is an autosomal recessive chromosome breakage syndrome characterized by failure to thrive in infancy, immune deficiency, and fatal progressive pediatric lung disease induced by viral infection. (mendelian.co)
  • We aimed to assess the association between inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs) and the risk of upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). (biomedcentral.com)
  • However, the association between ICSs and risk of upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) remains unclear, though URTI is the most common respiratory infection and also an important cause of exacerbation of COPD [ 10 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • There were no significant treatment effects for duration or severity of other lower respiratory infection symptoms, duration of abnormal peak flow, antibiotic use, or non-serious adverse events. (infectiousdiseaseadvisor.com)
  • Oral corticosteroids should not be used for acute lower respiratory tract infection symptoms in adults without asthma because they do not reduce symptom duration or severity," the authors write. (infectiousdiseaseadvisor.com)
  • The number of patients included in this study represented virtually all of hospitalized children with diagnosis of viral respiratory tract infection in this period. (springer.com)
  • It can be caused by a wide range of primary and secondary diseases, among which respiratory tract infection is one of the most common factor. (blogspot.com)
  • When a person gets affected by a respiratory tract infection, a bacteria or virus will enter into the body easily. (blogspot.com)
  • Infection is also a common complication of the disease, which can lead to relapse and poor therapeutic effects if not treated timely or thoroughly. (blogspot.com)
  • How HIV alters the human microbiome has not been examined, and it is unknown if effects on respiratory microbiota contribute to lung complications of HIV infection or accelerated COPD when smoking is combined with HIV infection. (grantome.com)
  • and these changes will be modulated by ART-induced immune reconstitution: that alterations in lov^er respiratory tract microbiota contribute to chronic inflammation and accelerated development of COPD in HIV infection: and that the microbiome is modified by smokina and diet. (grantome.com)
  • We will study how the microbes of the respiratory system are altered in HIV infection, and how this contributes to lung complications that remain among the most serious problems for people with HIV/AIDS. (grantome.com)
  • This led to the publication of An Acute Infection of the Respiratory Tract with Atypical Pneumonia: a disease entity probably caused by a filtrable virus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some of the reflux can be severe enough to cause upper respiratory symptoms such as laryngitis, hoarseness, chronic cough. (sages.org)
  • As the disease progresses both of these symptoms are becoming worse. (steadyhealth.com)
  • The two fatal cases in Jordan were part of a cluster of 11 patients with respiratory symptoms linked to a hospital, but the limited information as yet available does not allow confirmation or refutation of their having been human-to-human transmission either in Jordan or in a family cluster in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. (europa.eu)
  • Furthermore, as MRI is between six and 10 times more sensitive than clinical signs or symptoms in the assessment of disease activity, 14-18 a stronger relation between URTI and active, ongoing acute changes on MRI might be expected. (bmj.com)
  • However, other diseases can cause the same symptoms. (scribd.com)
  • Upper and lower respiratory tract illness were common symptoms, with 19/65 (29.2%) patients diagnosed with pneumonia by chest radiography. (biomedcentral.com)
  • treatment will only limit the symptoms rather than cure the disease. (steadyhealth.com)
  • Symptoms of diseases of the respiratory system. (thebestasthmaremedies.com)
  • Based upon surveys conducted of general flight experiences, FAs experienced a variety of physical symptoms ranging from respiratory complaints to fatigue which may have been attributable to a variety of in-flight factors in addition to SHS before the airlines became smoke-free [ 3 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Most of these have focused on short-term effects and respiratory symptoms, but also included a mixture of flight attendants who were smokers and non smokers. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of HCoV in a series of hospitalized infants and young children with symptoms of respiratory tract disease at the University Children's Hospital in Ljubljana from June 2007 to May 2008. (springer.com)
  • Know the causes and alleviate the symptoms are very important for kidney disease treatment,especially for IgA, Renal Failure, PKD, Renal Cysts, Diabetic Nephropathy. (blogspot.com)
  • Rationale Our aim is to conduct a prospective study to assess the patients referred for rhinosinusitis to a tertiary rhinologic practice whose symptoms include headache/facial pain, but have no evidence of significant rhinologic disease and determine whether a neurologic etiology is responsible for headaches or facial pressure/pain symptoms. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Nitric oxide (NO) is an important mediator of inflammation in several pathological conditions.Patients with lung diseases, like asthma, have higher levels of the Fraction of exhaled Nitric Oxide (FeNO) in active disease in comparison with healthy volunteers. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • We hypothesised that respiratory tract inflammation as expressed by FeNO and spirometry in pediatric IBD patients will correlate to the activity of the primary disease. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • When clinical signs of upper respiratory tract inflammation, such as sneezing or nasal and eye discharge, persist over weeks or months, or when they tend to recur at intervals of a few weeks, the condition is referred to as chronic upper respiratory tract disease. (vcahospitals.com)
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease includes the conditions of chronic bronchitis (inflammation of the bronchi) and chronic emphysema (damage to smaller airways and alveoli) under its banner. (steadyhealth.com)
  • Disorders characterized by chronic inflammation of the lower respiratory tract. (cornell.edu)
  • Shortness of breath, it can be subjective (feeling sick difficulty breathing with nervousness, hysteria), objective (defined research methods, and is characterized by alterations of respiratory rhythm and duration of inhalation and exhalation with emphysema) and combined (objective and subjective shortness of breath joins component with increasing frequency of breath inflammation of the lungs, bronchial lung cancer, tuberculosis). (thebestasthmaremedies.com)
  • Of all the tissues composing this tract, the mucous membrane is the one most frequently affected, and it is subject to three forms of inflammation, viz. (operatingmicroscopes.com)
  • Probably the most frequent cause of this form of inflammation to day is the influenza, an infectious disease which appears in epidemic form, rapidly spreading from place to place. (operatingmicroscopes.com)
  • Also, while the lower respiratory tract is normally sterile, many conditions such as smoking, COPD and chronic illness enable colonization, which contribute to lung inflammation and injury. (grantome.com)
  • To determine whether picobirnaviruses could also be present in the human respiratory tract, we performed a diagnostic genogroup I picobirnavirus PCR, with degenerated primers, that targeted the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase coding region ( 1 , 4 , 8 ) on 309 bronchoalveolar lavage specimens collected from 309 patients with respiratory disease of unknown origin in the Netherlands during 2003-2006. (cdc.gov)
  • We conducted a study of human biospecimens focused on the cyanobacterial aerosilization process by evaluating the extent to which cyanobacteria can invade the human respiratory tract. (nih.gov)
  • Inadequate immune responses, as well as a dysbiosis of the sinonasal microbiota, have been put forward as aetiological factors of the disease. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Adequate in vitro models mimicking the in vivo environment allow initial testing of numerous conditions such as effects of pathogen or allergen exposure on the host, influence of physical changes in the host microenvironment on both host and microbiota or exploration of the potency of probiotics or biologicals in disease prevention and/or control. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The objectives were to characterize the upper and lower respiratory tract microbiota associated with respiratory health and IAD, and to investigate the effects of dexamethasone on these bacterial communities using high throughput sequencing. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The upper and lower respiratory tract microbiota differed in healthy horses, with a decrease in richness in the lower airways, and 2 OTUs that differed in abundance. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The lower respiratory tract microbiota differed between healthy and IAD horses. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Dexamethasone treatment affected the lower respiratory tract microbiota, which suggests that control of bacterial overgrowth in IAD horses treated with dexamethasone could be part of the treatment strategy. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Beverly Merritt, Technical Writer-Editor, Emerging Infectious Diseases. (cdc.gov)
  • What are some of the main causes of chronic upper respiratory tract disease? (vcahospitals.com)
  • Feline viral rhinotracheitis (feline herpesvirus) and calicivirus were the primary causes of chronic upper respiratory tract disease prior to the development of vaccines in the 1970's. (vcahospitals.com)
  • The upper respiratory tract includes the nose, the throat (pharynx and larynx), and the trachea (windpipe). (vcahospitals.com)
  • It also happens when the inspiratory breathing difficulty (diseases of the larynx, trachea), expiratory difficulty exhaling (with the defeat of the bronchi), and mixed (pulmonary embolism). (thebestasthmaremedies.com)
  • The next symptom of respiratory diseases - a cough (reflexive defensive reaction to the accumulation in the larynx, trachea or bronchi of mucus, and foreign body aspirated into the respiratory system). (thebestasthmaremedies.com)
  • We hypothesize that HIV leads to progressive changes in the respiratory tract microbiome. (grantome.com)
  • 8 ] reported a previously undescribed human parvovirus, human bocavirus (HBoV) that belongs to the genus Bocavirus , in respiratory secretions of children with respiratory tract disease in Sweden. (biomedcentral.com)
  • RePub, Erasmus University Repository: A newly discovered human pneumovirus isolated from young children with respiratory tract disease. (eur.nl)
  • Laparoscopic Anti-reflux Surgery As a Definitive Treatment in Refractory Upper and Lower Respiratory Tract Diseases. (sages.org)
  • In healthy adults, SHS is associated with upper and lower respiratory tract diseases and an increased risk of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (i.e., bronchitis and emphysema). (biomedcentral.com)
  • Among men, absolute inequalities mainly increased as a result of cardiovascular diseases, lung cancer, and chronic lower respiratory tract diseases. (bmj.com)
  • Among women this was mainly due to lung cancer and chronic lower respiratory tract diseases. (bmj.com)
  • Chronic lower respiratory tract diseases contributed more to the disparities in inequalities among women than among men. (bmj.com)
  • However, as corticosteroids can cause immunosuppression within the respiratory tract [ 16 ], treating IAD with dexamethasone could potentially influence the lower respiratory tract bacterial communities, promoting the overgrowth of specific bacteria, which may in turn contribute to recrudescence of disease upon cessation of treatment. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Accordingly, the International Society for Companion Animal Infectious Diseases convened a Working Group of clinical microbiologists, pharmacologists, and internists to share experiences, examine scientific data, review clinical trials, and develop these guidelines to assist veterinarians in making antimicrobial treatment choices for use in the management of bacterial respiratory diseases in dogs and cats. (ku.dk)
  • It can manifest as diseases of the respiratory system (lung cancer, tuberculosis, lung abscess) and diseases of the cardiovascular system (valvular heart disease). (thebestasthmaremedies.com)
  • Tuberculosis and respiratory diseases : papers presented at the plenary sessions of the XXVIth World Conference of the International Union against Tuberculosis, Singapore 4-7 November 1986 / organised by Singapore Anti-Tuberculosis Association. (who.int)
  • This disease can be confused with tuberculosis, asthma, or coughs related to roundworms. (wikipedia.org)
  • One study in adult IBD patients showed increase in FeNO levels in those patients, with positive correlation with the disease activity and negative correlation between the disease activity and pulmonary functions. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Reflux resulting in aspiration can result in lower respiratory tract illnesses such as asthma and pulmonary fibrosis. (sages.org)
  • What can you do if you have Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)? (medicalgeek.com)
  • 31 had an RTI with underlying chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), of whom 1 (2.3%) was XMRV positive (all residents of North Germany). (prohealth.com)
  • smoking is by far the most common cause of emphysema and is responsible for approximately 80-90% of deaths due to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. (steadyhealth.com)
  • Emphysema and chronic bronchitis frequently co-exist together to comprise chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. (steadyhealth.com)
  • The aim of this thesis was to investigate the composition of this extracellular compartment using human lavage samples from healthy volunteers, asthmatics and patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) to guide the development of a series of lung lining fluid simulants for the testing of inhaled drugs. (bl.uk)
  • COPD stands for chronic (KRON-ick) obstructive (ob-STRUCK-tiv) pulmonary (PULL-muhnair-ee) disease. (scribd.com)
  • Bronchitis and emphysema often occur at the same time and the term Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease refers to the restriction of the airflow that result from either of these conditions. (steadyhealth.com)
  • Smoking is the most common cause of Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and therefore in order to prevent or reduce the onset of the condition, it is advised to avoid or quit smoking. (steadyhealth.com)
  • A susceptible group is the more than 200 million people worldwide suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). (biomedcentral.com)
  • It has been found that tonsillectomy is related to a nearly tripled threat of upper respiratory tract diseases, and that adenoidectomy becomes related to doubled hazard of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and upper respiratory tract diseases, and almost doubled chance of conjunctivitis ( 4 ). (archcid.com)
  • Pulmonary complications are a principal cause of morbidity and mortality in untreated HIV/AIDS, but infectious and noninfectious respiratory illnesses remain major problems even in effectively treated patients. (grantome.com)
  • The disease most often confused with COPD is asthma. (scribd.com)
  • To determine respiratory tract deposition of diesel combustion particles in patients with COPD during spontaneous breathing. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The objective of this work was to experimentally investigate the respiratory tract deposition in COPD patients for two types of diesel exhaust particles (DEPs) in the range 10 to 500 nm during spontaneous breathing and to seek relationships between deposition, breathing parameters and lung function (static and dynamic spirometry, including diffusion capacity). (biomedcentral.com)
  • In addition, chronic lung diseases are now emerging in importance, including accelerated COPD. (grantome.com)
  • X-ray diagnosis of respiratory diseases] / L. S. Rozenshtraukh, N. I. Roribakova, M. G. Vinner. (who.int)
  • A persistent or recurrent cough that gets aggravated at night, weakness, weight loss and a low fever raises the possible diagnosis of this disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (cdc.gov)
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. (cdc.gov)
  • Hospitalization rates for lower respiratory tract disease were lower in Middlesex-London compared to Ontario from 2006 to 2017, but then edged slightly higher in 2018 (214.9 vs. 211.4 per 100,000). (healthunit.com)
  • In an article devoted to the consideration of the general etiology, pathology, and symptomatology of diseases of the upper respiratory tract, it will be possible to give only a general idea of some of the more common conditions met with in this region. (operatingmicroscopes.com)
  • The Global Burden of Disease Study (GBD) 2017 is a systematic scientific effort to quantify the health loss associated with a comprehensive set of diseases and disabilities. (healthdata.org)
  • The significant finding of this study was that 41 (82%) of patients were off all medications indicating the effectiveness in curing the ENT and respiratory complications as a consequence of GORD. (sages.org)
  • The microbial composition of the equine respiratory tract, and differences due to mild equine asthma (also called Inflammatory Airway Disease (IAD)) have not been reported. (biomedcentral.com)
  • HealthDay News - For adults without asthma, with acute cough and at least 1 lower respiratory tract symptom, prednisolone does not reduce cough duration or severity, according to a study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association . (infectiousdiseaseadvisor.com)
  • LARS is highly effective and should be offered to cases of failed medical treatment of upper and lower respiratory tract illnesses arising from GORD. (sages.org)
  • While the investigators calculated the long-term risks of 28 different diseases among each group, they discovered that tonsillectomy is associated with nearly a three-fold relative risk (RR) of illnesses of the upper respiratory tract as compared with children, who had not had their tonsils removed ( 4 ). (archcid.com)
  • However, despite the prevalence of this disease, there is no consensus on the aetiology and mechanisms of pathogenesis of CRS. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The present report describes methodological aspects of a respiratory disease point prevalence survey from India. (nih.gov)
  • We decided to review available data about the incidence and prevalence of all diseases included in this category in Iran. (pedinfect.com)
  • The authors analyze the literature publications and the results of their original investigations concerning the application of the propolis-based pharmacological products for the treatment of acute and chronic diseases of the upper respiratory tract and ears. (blogspot.com)
  • The Cancer of the Respiratory Tract (CREST) biorepository is concerned with pleural malignant mesothelioma (MM) and lung cancer (LC). (elsevier.com)
  • Among lifetime nonsmokers, SHS is also associated with an increased risk of lung cancer and death and disability from coronary heart disease (CHD). (biomedcentral.com)
  • Our findings are consistent with the hypothesis that aerosol is a significant route for cyanobacteria exposure, and thus a likely route of transmission for cyanotoxin-associated human diseases. (nih.gov)
  • Our findings suggest a dose-response between duration of SHS exposure and diseases of the respiratory tract. (biomedcentral.com)
  • According to United States Surgeon General's Report, available evidence suggests a causal relationship between secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure and tobacco-related diseases [ 1 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The Assessment of respiratory and dermal exposure to pesticides : a review of current practice / prepared by Anthony Findlay. (who.int)
  • Because of this anatomical connection, the conjunctivae are often grouped in as part of the upper respiratory tract and may be affected with upper respiratory disease. (vcahospitals.com)
  • 2007). "Effects of dietary lysine supplementation in cats with enzootic upper respiratory disease. (winnfelinefoundation.org)
  • No respiratory or other clinical signs were observed in these pigs at the time of sampling, making it unclear whether picobirnaviruses are indeed respiratory pathogens ( 7 ). (cdc.gov)
  • What are the clinical signs of chronic URT disease? (icatcare.org)
  • 6 OTUs in the tracheal community had different abundance with disease status, with Streptococcus being increased in IAD horses. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Of these, 664 (74%) respiratory specimens (nasopharyngeal and throat swabs in viral transport medium, tracheal aspirates, bronchoalveolar lavage, or sputum) from 592 preschool children aged from three days to 72 months were included in to further analysis. (springer.com)
  • FHV can cause more severe URTD, especially in young kittens, 1 whilst FCV-associated disease is often mild and varies with strain involved. (vin.com)
  • If several ill cats are being dealt with, the household is a breeding cattery or shelter, or chronic or severe disease is present, identification of agent(s) may become more important to direct specific management. (vin.com)
  • The patient, a 60 year old male, became ill on 24 January 2013 and was admitted to hospital in England, with a severe lower respiratory tract disease on 31 January. (europa.eu)
  • WHO recognizes that the emergence of a new coronavirus capable of causing severe disease raises concerns because of experience with SARS. (europa.eu)
  • Unexpectedly, they found that treated cats were actually more likely to manifest severe disease than untreated controls at certain time points in the study (week 4). (winnfelinefoundation.org)
  • Dental disease - sometimes severe dental disease may result in disease affecting the tooth root (e.g., abscess development) that may affect the nasal cavity. (icatcare.org)
  • Genogroup I picobirnaviruses could be identified in some of the bronchoalveolar lavage specimens obtained from patients with unexplained respiratory disease in the Netherlands. (cdc.gov)
  • Quantification of FHV or FCV copy number on quantitative PCR assays can help interpretation of results, as high viral loads in clinical specimens suggest active viral replication and involvement in the disease process, whereas lower loads may be more consistent with asymptomatic carrier status. (vin.com)
  • The 664 specimens from 592 children under six years of age hospitalized at the University Children's Hospital in Ljubljana were sent for the routine laboratory detection of respiratory viruses. (springer.com)
  • Remaining 233 (26%) respiratory specimens were collected from 149 children either older than 72 months or were taken during the same hospitalization event. (springer.com)
  • Management of blood cholesterol is a major focus of efforts to prevent cardiovascular diseases. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Lower respiratory tract illness (LRTI) is an important health problem in early childhood. (uu.nl)
  • To determine genetic relationships between human genogroup I picobirnaviruses from the respiratory tract and genogroup I picobirnaviruses detected in wastewater and in human and porcine fecal samples, we constructed a phylogenetic tree on the basis of a ≈165-nt fragment of the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase gene as described ( 8 ) ( Figure ). (cdc.gov)
  • The surface of the respiratory tract is lined with a mucous membrane, which is a layer containing specialized cells that secrete a protective mucus coating onto the tissue surface. (vcahospitals.com)
  • Methods: FeNO levels and spirometry will be assess for 40 patients with CD or UC (age 4-18 years) during remissions and exacerbations, calculated by the Pediatrics Crohn's Disease Activity Index (PCDAI) and the Pediatrics Ulcerative Colitis Activity Index (PUCAI), respectively. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • OBJECTIVES To examine the relation between URTI and disease activity, in multiple sclerosis patients participating in a placebo controlled trial of interferon β-1a, as indexed both by clinical exacerbation rate and by the number and volume of gadolinium - diethylenetriaminepenta acetic acid (Gd-DTPA) enhancing lesions on MRI. (bmj.com)
  • In this study, 2811 respiratory samples were collected from patients (with an age range of 9 days to 84 years) with ARTI in Guangzhou, southern China, from November 2009 to November 2010 to analyze the characteristics of HBoV-positive patients. (biomedcentral.com)
  • With regard to informing and supporting care takers of young infants, it is also very important to assess disease severity and prognosis of patients adequately. (uu.nl)
  • Alastair D. Hay, MBChB, MD, from the University of Bristol in the United Kingdom, and colleagues conducted a randomized trial in 54 family practices in England involving 401 patients with acute cough and at least 1 lower respiratory tract symptom. (infectiousdiseaseadvisor.com)
  • However, government and private medical colleges, as well as government and private hospitals across India, were part of recruitment of respiratory patients for this survey. (nih.gov)
  • Only 19 out of 98 documents reported frequency of a disease in a defined population, a group of outpatients, or hospitalized patients. (pedinfect.com)
  • Validation of the model: prediction scores for children with other causes of respiratory distress. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In conclusion, the identification of new picobirnaviruses in respiratory tract samples from pigs ( 7 ) prompted us to look for the presence of picobirnaviruses in the respiratory tracts of humans. (cdc.gov)
  • To clarify the epidemiology and pathogenicity of picobirnaviruses in humans, additional surveillance should be carried out in persons with and without respiratory and enteric disease. (cdc.gov)
  • Measles (rubeola) is an infectious disease caused by multiplication of a single-strand ribonucleic acid (RNA) virus of the genus Morbillivirus in the upper respiratory tract and conjunctiva. (cochrane.org)
  • Measles is an infectious disease caused by the Morbillivirus . (cochrane.org)
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  • These upper respiratory viruses tend to persist in some cats, known as carrier cat s , for weeks, months, or even years. (vcahospitals.com)
  • Respiratory viruses were detected with a direct immunofluorescence assay and human coronaviruses were detected with a modified real-time RT-PCR. (springer.com)