A syndrome characterized by progressive life-threatening RESPIRATORY INSUFFICIENCY in the absence of known LUNG DISEASES, usually following a systemic insult such as surgery or major TRAUMA.
A condition of the newborn marked by DYSPNEA with CYANOSIS, heralded by such prodromal signs as dilatation of the alae nasi, expiratory grunt, and retraction of the suprasternal notch or costal margins, mostly frequently occurring in premature infants, children of diabetic mothers, and infants delivered by cesarean section, and sometimes with no apparent predisposing cause.
Any method of artificial breathing that employs mechanical or non-mechanical means to force the air into and out of the lungs. Artificial respiration or ventilation is used in individuals who have stopped breathing or have RESPIRATORY INSUFFICIENCY to increase their intake of oxygen (O2) and excretion of carbon dioxide (CO2).
An infant during the first month after birth.
Substances and drugs that lower the SURFACE TENSION of the mucoid layer lining the PULMONARY ALVEOLI.
A condition of lung damage that is characterized by bilateral pulmonary infiltrates (PULMONARY EDEMA) rich in NEUTROPHILS, and in the absence of clinical HEART FAILURE. This can represent a spectrum of pulmonary lesions, endothelial and epithelial, due to numerous factors (physical, chemical, or biological).
A method of mechanical ventilation in which pressure is maintained to increase the volume of gas remaining in the lungs at the end of expiration, thus reducing the shunting of blood through the lungs and improving gas exchange.
A characteristic symptom complex.
Injury following pressure changes; includes injury to the eustachian tube, ear drum, lung and stomach.
The volume of air inspired or expired during each normal, quiet respiratory cycle. Common abbreviations are TV or V with subscript T.
The posture of an individual lying face down.
Ventilatory support system using frequencies from 60-900 cycles/min or more. Three types of systems have been distinguished on the basis of rates, volumes, and the system used. They are high frequency positive-pressure ventilation (HFPPV); HIGH-FREQUENCY JET VENTILATION; (HFJV); and high-frequency oscillation (HFO).
Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.
A human infant born before 37 weeks of GESTATION.
The exchange of OXYGEN and CARBON DIOXIDE between alveolar air and pulmonary capillary blood that occurs across the BLOOD-AIR BARRIER.
Damage to any compartment of the lung caused by physical, chemical, or biological agents which characteristically elicit inflammatory reaction. These inflammatory reactions can either be acute and dominated by NEUTROPHILS, or chronic and dominated by LYMPHOCYTES and MACROPHAGES.
A pulmonary surfactant associated-protein that plays an essential role in alveolar stability by lowering the surface tension at the air-liquid interface. Inherited deficiency of pulmonary surfactant-associated protein B is one cause of RESPIRATORY DISTRESS SYNDROME, NEWBORN.
Small polyhedral outpouchings along the walls of the alveolar sacs, alveolar ducts and terminal bronchioles through the walls of which gas exchange between alveolar air and pulmonary capillary blood takes place.
The capability of the LUNGS to distend under pressure as measured by pulmonary volume change per unit pressure change. While not a complete description of the pressure-volume properties of the lung, it is nevertheless useful in practice as a measure of the comparative stiffness of the lung. (From Best & Taylor's Physiological Basis of Medical Practice, 12th ed, p562)
That part of the RESPIRATORY TRACT or the air within the respiratory tract that does not exchange OXYGEN and CARBON DIOXIDE with pulmonary capillary blood.
Washing liquid obtained from irrigation of the lung, including the BRONCHI and the PULMONARY ALVEOLI. It is generally used to assess biochemical, inflammatory, or infection status of the lung.
Application of a life support system that circulates the blood through an oxygenating system, which may consist of a pump, a membrane oxygenator, and a heat exchanger. Examples of its use are to assist victims of smoke inhalation injury, respiratory failure, and cardiac failure.
Excessive accumulation of extravascular fluid in the lung, an indication of a serious underlying disease or disorder. Pulmonary edema prevents efficient PULMONARY GAS EXCHANGE in the PULMONARY ALVEOLI, and can be life-threatening.
Measurement of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood.
Diseases of newborn infants present at birth (congenital) or developing within the first month of birth. It does not include hereditary diseases not manifesting at birth or within the first 30 days of life nor does it include inborn errors of metabolism. Both HEREDITARY DISEASES and METABOLISM, INBORN ERRORS are available as general concepts.
The physical or mechanical action of the LUNGS; DIAPHRAGM; RIBS; and CHEST WALL during respiration. It includes airflow, lung volume, neural and reflex controls, mechanoreceptors, breathing patterns, etc.
Functional competence of specific organs or body systems of the FETUS in utero.
Failure to adequately provide oxygen to cells of the body and to remove excess carbon dioxide from them. (Stedman, 25th ed)
The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.
Pathological processes involving any part of the LUNG.
Lung damage that is caused by the adverse effects of PULMONARY VENTILATOR usage. The high frequency and tidal volumes produced by a mechanical ventilator can cause alveolar disruption and PULMONARY EDEMA.
Complex pharmaceutical substances, preparations, or matter derived from organisms usually obtained by biological methods or assay.
Mechanical devices used to produce or assist pulmonary ventilation.
An element with atomic symbol O, atomic number 8, and atomic weight [15.99903; 15.99977]. It is the most abundant element on earth and essential for respiration.
A chronic lung disease developed after OXYGEN INHALATION THERAPY or mechanical ventilation (VENTILATION, MECHANICAL) usually occurring in certain premature infants (INFANT, PREMATURE) or newborn infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RESPIRATORY DISTRESS SYNDROME, NEWBORN). Histologically, it is characterized by the unusual abnormalities of the bronchioles, such as METAPLASIA, decrease in alveolar number, and formation of CYSTS.
Refers to animals in the period of time just after birth.
Hospital units providing continuous surveillance and care to acutely ill patients.
Devices in which blood and oxygen are separated by a semipermeable membrane, generally of Teflon or polypropylene, across which gas exchange occurs. The membrane may be arranged as a series of parallel plates or as a number of hollow fibers; in the latter arrangement, the blood may flow inside the fibers, which are surrounded by gas, or the blood may flow outside the fibers and the gas inside the fibers. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Inhaling liquid or solids, such as stomach contents, into the RESPIRATORY TRACT. When this causes severe lung damage, it is called ASPIRATION PNEUMONIA.
Usually high-molecular-weight, straight-chain primary alcohols, but can also range from as few as 4 carbons, derived from natural fats and oils, including lauryl, stearyl, oleyl, and linoleyl alcohols. They are used in pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, detergents, plastics, and lube oils and in textile manufacture. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)
An acronym for Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation, a scoring system using routinely collected data and providing an accurate, objective description for a broad range of intensive care unit admissions, measuring severity of illness in critically ill patients.
A progressive condition usually characterized by combined failure of several organs such as the lungs, liver, kidney, along with some clotting mechanisms, usually postinjury or postoperative.
A respiratory distress syndrome in newborn infants, usually premature infants with insufficient PULMONARY SURFACTANTS. The disease is characterized by the formation of a HYALINE-like membrane lining the terminal respiratory airspaces (PULMONARY ALVEOLI) and subsequent collapse of the lung (PULMONARY ATELECTASIS).
A pulmonary surfactant associated protein that plays a role in alveolar stability by lowering the surface tension at the air-liquid interface. It is a membrane-bound protein that constitutes 1-2% of the pulmonary surfactant mass. Pulmonary surfactant-associated protein C is one of the most hydrophobic peptides yet isolated and contains an alpha-helical domain with a central poly-valine segment that binds to phospholipid bilayers.
An accumulation of air or gas in the PLEURAL CAVITY, which may occur spontaneously or as a result of trauma or a pathological process. The gas may also be introduced deliberately during PNEUMOTHORAX, ARTIFICIAL.
Systemic inflammatory response syndrome with a proven or suspected infectious etiology. When sepsis is associated with organ dysfunction distant from the site of infection, it is called severe sepsis. When sepsis is accompanied by HYPOTENSION despite adequate fluid infusion, it is called SEPTIC SHOCK.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Infection of the lung often accompanied by inflammation.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
A clear, yellowish liquid that envelopes the FETUS inside the sac of AMNION. In the first trimester, it is likely a transudate of maternal or fetal plasma. In the second trimester, amniotic fluid derives primarily from fetal lung and kidney. Cells or substances in this fluid can be removed for prenatal diagnostic tests (AMNIOCENTESIS).
Proteins found in the LUNG that act as PULMONARY SURFACTANTS.
Health care provided to a critically ill patient during a medical emergency or crisis.
Death resulting from the presence of a disease in an individual, as shown by a single case report or a limited number of patients. This should be differentiated from DEATH, the physiological cessation of life and from MORTALITY, an epidemiological or statistical concept.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Advanced and highly specialized care provided to medical or surgical patients whose conditions are life-threatening and require comprehensive care and constant monitoring. It is usually administered in specially equipped units of a health care facility.
The pressure that would be exerted by one component of a mixture of gases if it were present alone in a container. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Absence of air in the entire or part of a lung, such as an incompletely inflated neonate lung or a collapsed adult lung. Pulmonary atelectasis can be caused by airway obstruction, lung compression, fibrotic contraction, or other factors.
Hospital units providing continuing surveillance and care to acutely ill newborn infants.
Continuous care and monitoring of newborn infants with life-threatening conditions, in any setting.
An abundant pulmonary surfactant-associated protein that binds to a variety of lung pathogens, resulting in their opsinization. It also stimulates MACROPHAGES to undergo PHAGOCYTOSIS of microorganisms. Surfactant protein A contains a N-terminal collagen-like domain and a C-terminal lectin domain that are characteristic of members of the collectin family of proteins.
X-ray visualization of the chest and organs of the thoracic cavity. It is not restricted to visualization of the lungs.
Water content outside of the lung vasculature. About 80% of a normal lung is made up of water, including intracellular, interstitial, and blood water. Failure to maintain the normal homeostatic fluid exchange between the vascular space and the interstitium of the lungs can result in PULMONARY EDEMA and flooding of the alveolar space.
A glucocorticoid given orally, parenterally, by local injection, by inhalation, or applied topically in the management of various disorders in which corticosteroids are indicated. Its lack of mineralocorticoid properties makes betamethasone particularly suitable for treating cerebral edema and congenital adrenal hyperplasia. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p724)
The administration of drugs by the respiratory route. It includes insufflation into the respiratory tract.
The force acting on the surface of a liquid, tending to minimize the area of the surface. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
A disease or state in which death is possible or imminent.
The circulation of the BLOOD through the LUNGS.
Measurement of the amount of air that the lungs may contain at various points in the respiratory cycle.
Disease having a short and relatively severe course.
Inhalation of oxygen aimed at restoring toward normal any pathophysiologic alterations of gas exchange in the cardiopulmonary system, as by the use of a respirator, nasal catheter, tent, chamber, or mask. (From Dorland, 27th ed & Stedman, 25th ed)
Protein-lipid combinations abundant in brain tissue, but also present in a wide variety of animal and plant tissues. In contrast to lipoproteins, they are insoluble in water, but soluble in a chloroform-methanol mixture. The protein moiety has a high content of hydrophobic amino acids. The associated lipids consist of a mixture of GLYCEROPHOSPHATES; CEREBROSIDES; and SULFOGLYCOSPHINGOLIPIDS; while lipoproteins contain PHOSPHOLIPIDS; CHOLESTEROL; and TRIGLYCERIDES.
Pulmonary injury following the breathing in of toxic smoke from burning materials such as plastics, synthetics, building materials, etc. This injury is the most frequent cause of death in burn patients.
An acute form of TUBERCULOSIS in which minute tubercles are formed in a number of organs of the body due to dissemination of the bacilli through the blood stream.
A type of lung inflammation resulting from the aspiration of food, liquid, or gastric contents into the upper RESPIRATORY TRACT.
An infant whose weight at birth is less than 1500 grams (3.3 lbs), regardless of gestational age.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
An infant having a birth weight of 2500 gm. (5.5 lb.) or less but INFANT, VERY LOW BIRTH WEIGHT is available for infants having a birth weight of 1500 grams (3.3 lb.) or less.
Measurement of the various processes involved in the act of respiration: inspiration, expiration, oxygen and carbon dioxide exchange, lung volume and compliance, etc.
Introduction of a tube into a hollow organ to restore or maintain patency if obstructed. It is differentiated from CATHETERIZATION in that the insertion of a catheter is usually performed for the introducing or withdrawing of fluids from the body.
Washing out of the lungs with saline or mucolytic agents for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes. It is very useful in the diagnosis of diffuse pulmonary infiltrates in immunosuppressed patients.
Degeneration of white matter adjacent to the CEREBRAL VENTRICLES following cerebral hypoxia or BRAIN ISCHEMIA in neonates. The condition primarily affects white matter in the perfusion zone between superficial and deep branches of the MIDDLE CEREBRAL ARTERY. Clinical manifestations include VISION DISORDERS; CEREBRAL PALSY; PARAPLEGIA; SEIZURES; and cognitive disorders. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1021; Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1997, Ch4, pp30-1)
Blocking of a blood vessel by fat deposits in the circulation. It is often seen after fractures of large bones or after administration of CORTICOSTEROIDS.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
The movement and the forces involved in the movement of the blood through the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM.
Drugs that interrupt transmission of nerve impulses at the skeletal neuromuscular junction. They can be of two types, competitive, stabilizing blockers (NEUROMUSCULAR NONDEPOLARIZING AGENTS) or noncompetitive, depolarizing agents (NEUROMUSCULAR DEPOLARIZING AGENTS). Both prevent acetylcholine from triggering the muscle contraction and they are used as anesthesia adjuvants, as relaxants during electroshock, in convulsive states, etc.
A procedure involving placement of a tube into the trachea through the mouth or nose in order to provide a patient with oxygen and anesthesia.
Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.
Techniques for effecting the transition of the respiratory-failure patient from mechanical ventilation to spontaneous ventilation, while meeting the criteria that tidal volume be above a given threshold (greater than 5 ml/kg), respiratory frequency be below a given count (less than 30 breaths/min), and oxygen partial pressure be above a given threshold (PaO2 greater than 50mm Hg). Weaning studies focus on finding methods to monitor and predict the outcome of mechanical ventilator weaning as well as finding ventilatory support techniques which will facilitate successful weaning. Present methods include intermittent mandatory ventilation, intermittent positive pressure ventilation, and mandatory minute volume ventilation.
Continuous recording of the carbon dioxide content of expired air.
The force per unit area that the air exerts on any surface in contact with it. Primarily used for articles pertaining to air pressure within a closed environment.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual at BIRTH. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
Care of patients with deficiencies and abnormalities associated with the cardiopulmonary system. It includes the therapeutic use of medical gases and their administrative apparatus, environmental control systems, humidification, aerosols, ventilatory support, bronchopulmonary drainage and exercise, respiratory rehabilitation, assistance with cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and maintenance of natural, artificial, and mechanical airways.
The administration of therapeutic agents drop by drop, as eye drops, ear drops, or nose drops. It is also administered into a body space or cavity through a catheter. It differs from THERAPEUTIC IRRIGATION in that the irrigate is removed within minutes, but the instillate is left in place.
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.
A nitrogen-free class of lipids present in animal and particularly plant tissues and composed of one mole of glycerol and 1 or 2 moles of phosphatidic acid. Members of this group differ from one another in the nature of the fatty acids released on hydrolysis.
The total volume of gas inspired or expired per unit of time, usually measured in liters per minute.
A chromosome disorder associated either with an extra chromosome 21 or an effective trisomy for chromosome 21. Clinical manifestations include hypotonia, short stature, brachycephaly, upslanting palpebral fissures, epicanthus, Brushfield spots on the iris, protruding tongue, small ears, short, broad hands, fifth finger clinodactyly, Simian crease, and moderate to severe INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY. Cardiac and gastrointestinal malformations, a marked increase in the incidence of LEUKEMIA, and the early onset of ALZHEIMER DISEASE are also associated with this condition. Pathologic features include the development of NEUROFIBRILLARY TANGLES in neurons and the deposition of AMYLOID BETA-PROTEIN, similar to the pathology of ALZHEIMER DISEASE. (Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p213)
A vital statistic measuring or recording the rate of death from any cause in hospitalized populations.
A pathological condition manifested by failure to perfuse or oxygenate vital organs.
Therapy whose basic objective is to restore the volume and composition of the body fluids to normal with respect to WATER-ELECTROLYTE BALANCE. Fluids may be administered intravenously, orally, by intermittent gavage, or by HYPODERMOCLYSIS.
An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of proteins, including elastin. It cleaves preferentially bonds at the carboxyl side of Ala and Val, with greater specificity for Ala. EC
A cluster of metabolic risk factors for CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES and TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS. The major components of metabolic syndrome X include excess ABDOMINAL FAT; atherogenic DYSLIPIDEMIA; HYPERTENSION; HYPERGLYCEMIA; INSULIN RESISTANCE; a proinflammatory state; and a prothrombotic (THROMBOSIS) state. (from AHA/NHLBI/ADA Conference Proceedings, Circulation 2004; 109:551-556)
A clinical manifestation of abnormal increase in the amount of carbon dioxide in arterial blood.
A colorless, odorless gas that can be formed by the body and is necessary for the respiration cycle of plants and animals.
A syndrome of persistent PULMONARY HYPERTENSION in the newborn infant (INFANT, NEWBORN) without demonstrable HEART DISEASES. This neonatal condition can be caused by severe pulmonary vasoconstriction (reactive type), hypertrophy of pulmonary arterial muscle (hypertrophic type), or abnormally developed pulmonary arterioles (hypoplastic type). The newborn patient exhibits CYANOSIS and ACIDOSIS due to the persistence of fetal circulatory pattern of right-to-left shunting of blood through a patent ductus arteriosus (DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS, PATENT) and at times a patent foramen ovale (FORAMEN OVALE, PATENT).
Granular leukocytes having a nucleus with three to five lobes connected by slender threads of chromatin, and cytoplasm containing fine inconspicuous granules and stainable by neutral dyes.
Relatively complete absence of oxygen in one or more tissues.
Drugs used for their effects on the respiratory system.
Mechanical ventilation delivered to match the patient's efforts in breathing as detected by the interactive ventilation device.
Lipids containing one or more phosphate groups, particularly those derived from either glycerol (phosphoglycerides see GLYCEROPHOSPHOLIPIDS) or sphingosine (SPHINGOLIPIDS). They are polar lipids that are of great importance for the structure and function of cell membranes and are the most abundant of membrane lipids, although not stored in large amounts in the system.
A technique of respiratory therapy, in either spontaneously breathing or mechanically ventilated patients, in which airway pressure is maintained above atmospheric pressure throughout the respiratory cycle by pressurization of the ventilatory circuit. (On-Line Medical Dictionary [Internet]. Newcastle upon Tyne(UK): The University Dept. of Medical Oncology: The CancerWEB Project; c1997-2003 [cited 2003 Apr 17]. Available from: http://cancerweb.ncl.ac.uk/omd/)
Application of positive pressure to the inspiratory phase when the patient has an artificial airway in place and is connected to a ventilator.
A respiratory stimulant that enhances respiration by acting as an agonist of peripheral chemoreceptors located on the carotid bodies. The drug increases arterial oxygen tension while decreasing arterial carbon dioxide tension in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. It may also prove useful in the treatment of nocturnal oxygen desaturation without impairing the quality of sleep.
The property of blood capillary ENDOTHELIUM that allows for the selective exchange of substances between the blood and surrounding tissues and through membranous barriers such as the BLOOD-AIR BARRIER; BLOOD-AQUEOUS BARRIER; BLOOD-BRAIN BARRIER; BLOOD-NERVE BARRIER; BLOOD-RETINAL BARRIER; and BLOOD-TESTIS BARRIER. Small lipid-soluble molecules such as carbon dioxide and oxygen move freely by diffusion. Water and water-soluble molecules cannot pass through the endothelial walls and are dependent on microscopic pores. These pores show narrow areas (TIGHT JUNCTIONS) which may limit large molecule movement.
An abundant pulmonary surfactant-associated protein that binds to a variety of lung pathogens and enhances their opsinization and killing by phagocytic cells. Surfactant protein D contains a N-terminal collagen-like domain and a C-terminal lectin domain that are characteristic of members of the collectin family of proteins.
Extraction of the FETUS by means of abdominal HYSTEROTOMY.
The cartilaginous and membranous tube descending from the larynx and branching into the right and left main bronchi.
A disorder characterized by procoagulant substances entering the general circulation causing a systemic thrombotic process. The activation of the clotting mechanism may arise from any of a number of disorders. A majority of the patients manifest skin lesions, sometimes leading to PURPURA FULMINANS.
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
A group of CORTICOSTEROIDS that affect carbohydrate metabolism (GLUCONEOGENESIS, liver glycogen deposition, elevation of BLOOD SUGAR), inhibit ADRENOCORTICOTROPIC HORMONE secretion, and possess pronounced anti-inflammatory activity. They also play a role in fat and protein metabolism, maintenance of arterial blood pressure, alteration of the connective tissue response to injury, reduction in the number of circulating lymphocytes, and functioning of the central nervous system.
A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS with the surface proteins hemagglutinin 1 and neuraminidase 1. The H1N1 subtype was responsible for the Spanish flu pandemic of 1918.
An acute infectious disease caused by ORIENTIA TSUTSUGAMUSHI. It is limited to eastern and southeastern Asia, India, northern Australia, and the adjacent islands. Characteristics include the formation of a primary cutaneous lesion at the site of the bite of an infected mite, fever lasting about two weeks, and a maculopapular rash.
Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.
Diseases of the respiratory system in general or unspecified or for a specific respiratory disease not available.
Spontaneous tearing of the membranes surrounding the FETUS any time before the onset of OBSTETRIC LABOR. Preterm PROM is membrane rupture before 37 weeks of GESTATION.
A class of sphingolipids found largely in the brain and other nervous tissue. They contain phosphocholine or phosphoethanolamine as their polar head group so therefore are the only sphingolipids classified as PHOSPHOLIPIDS.
A free radical gas produced endogenously by a variety of mammalian cells, synthesized from ARGININE by NITRIC OXIDE SYNTHASE. Nitric oxide is one of the ENDOTHELIUM-DEPENDENT RELAXING FACTORS released by the vascular endothelium and mediates VASODILATION. It also inhibits platelet aggregation, induces disaggregation of aggregated platelets, and inhibits platelet adhesion to the vascular endothelium. Nitric oxide activates cytosolic GUANYLATE CYCLASE and thus elevates intracellular levels of CYCLIC GMP.
Postnatal deaths from BIRTH to 365 days after birth in a given population. Postneonatal mortality represents deaths between 28 days and 365 days after birth (as defined by National Center for Health Statistics). Neonatal mortality represents deaths from birth to 27 days after birth.
Sepsis associated with HYPOTENSION or hypoperfusion despite adequate fluid resuscitation. Perfusion abnormalities may include, but are not limited to LACTIC ACIDOSIS; OLIGURIA; or acute alteration in mental status.
The washing of a body cavity or surface by flowing water or solution for therapy or diagnosis.
An abnormal increase in the amount of oxygen in the tissues and organs.
A systemic inflammatory response to a variety of clinical insults, characterized by two or more of the following conditions: (1) fever >38 degrees C or HYPOTHERMIA 90 beat/minute; (3) tachypnea >24 breaths/minute; (4) LEUKOCYTOSIS >12,000 cells/cubic mm or 10% immature forms. While usually related to infection, SIRS can also be associated with noninfectious insults such as TRAUMA; BURNS; or PANCREATITIS. If infection is involved, a patient with SIRS is said to have SEPSIS.
The act of breathing with the LUNGS, consisting of INHALATION, or the taking into the lungs of the ambient air, and of EXHALATION, or the expelling of the modified air which contains more CARBON DIOXIDE than the air taken in (Blakiston's Gould Medical Dictionary, 4th ed.). This does not include tissue respiration (= OXYGEN CONSUMPTION) or cell respiration (= CELL RESPIRATION).
Respiratory retention of carbon dioxide. It may be chronic or acute.
Interstitial pneumonia caused by extensive infection of the lungs (LUNG) and BRONCHI, particularly the lower lobes of the lungs, by MYCOPLASMA PNEUMONIAE in humans. In SHEEP, it is caused by MYCOPLASMA OVIPNEUMONIAE. In CATTLE, it may be caused by MYCOPLASMA DISPAR.
A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.
A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)
A nonreassuring fetal status (NRFS) indicating that the FETUS is compromised (American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists 1988). It can be identified by sub-optimal values in FETAL HEART RATE; oxygenation of FETAL BLOOD; and other parameters.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
A condition caused by inhalation of MECONIUM into the LUNG of FETUS or NEWBORN, usually due to vigorous respiratory movements during difficult PARTURITION or respiratory system abnormalities. Meconium aspirate may block small airways leading to difficulties in PULMONARY GAS EXCHANGE and ASPIRATION PNEUMONIA.
Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.
Severe systemic manifestation of trauma and ischemia involving soft tissues, principally skeletal muscle, due to prolonged severe crushing. It leads to increased permeability of the cell membrane and to the release of potassium, enzymes, and myoglobin from within cells. Ischemic renal dysfunction secondary to hypotension and diminished renal perfusion results in acute tubular necrosis and uremia.
A congenital heart defect characterized by the persistent opening of fetal DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS that connects the PULMONARY ARTERY to the descending aorta (AORTA, DESCENDING) allowing unoxygenated blood to bypass the lung and flow to the PLACENTA. Normally, the ductus is closed shortly after birth.
Physiologically, the opposition to flow of air caused by the forces of friction. As a part of pulmonary function testing, it is the ratio of driving pressure to the rate of air flow.
CHILDBIRTH before 37 weeks of PREGNANCY (259 days from the first day of the mother's last menstrual period, or 245 days after FERTILIZATION).
A viral disorder characterized by high FEVER, dry COUGH, shortness of breath (DYSPNEA) or breathing difficulties, and atypical PNEUMONIA. A virus in the genus CORONAVIRUS is the suspected agent.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
Calcium and magnesium salts used therapeutically in hepatobiliary dysfunction.
An acute viral infection in humans involving the respiratory tract. It is marked by inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA; the PHARYNX; and conjunctiva, and by headache and severe, often generalized, myalgia.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
The introduction of whole blood or blood component directly into the blood stream. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Hospital units providing continuous surveillance and care to acutely ill infants and children. Neonates are excluded since INTENSIVE CARE UNITS, NEONATAL is available.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Moving a patient into a specific position or POSTURE to facilitate examination, surgery, or for therapeutic purposes.
A method, developed by Dr. Virginia Apgar, to evaluate a newborn's adjustment to extrauterine life. Five items - heart rate, respiratory effort, muscle tone, reflex irritability, and color - are evaluated 60 seconds after birth and again five minutes later on a scale from 0-2, 0 being the lowest, 2 being normal. The five numbers are added for the Apgar score. A score of 0-3 represents severe distress, 4-7 indicates moderate distress, and a score of 7-10 predicts an absence of difficulty in adjusting to extrauterine life.
Removal of toxins or metabolites from the circulation by the passing of blood, within a suitable extracorporeal circuit, over semipermeable microcapsules containing adsorbents (e.g., activated charcoal) or enzymes, other enzyme preparations (e.g., gel-entrapped microsomes, membrane-free enzymes bound to artificial carriers), or other adsorbents (e.g., various resins, albumin-conjugated agarose).
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Liquid perfluorinated carbon compounds which may or may not contain a hetero atom such as nitrogen, oxygen or sulfur, but do not contain another halogen or hydrogen atom. This concept includes fluorocarbon emulsions and fluorocarbon blood substitutes.
Injuries caused by impact with a blunt object where there is no penetration of the skin.
Derivatives of phosphatidic acids in which the phosphoric acid is bound in ester linkage to a choline moiety. Complete hydrolysis yields 1 mole of glycerol, phosphoric acid and choline and 2 moles of fatty acids.
Any of the ruminant mammals with curved horns in the genus Ovis, family Bovidae. They possess lachrymal grooves and interdigital glands, which are absent in GOATS.
Inflammation of the lung parenchyma that is caused by a viral infection.
The barrier between capillary blood and alveolar air comprising the alveolar EPITHELIUM and capillary ENDOTHELIUM with their adherent BASEMENT MEMBRANE and EPITHELIAL CELL cytoplasm. PULMONARY GAS EXCHANGE occurs across this membrane.
A type of stress exerted uniformly in all directions. Its measure is the force exerted per unit area. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The removal of secretions, gas or fluid from hollow or tubular organs or cavities by means of a tube and a device that acts on negative pressure.
CHILDBIRTH at the end of a normal duration of PREGNANCY, between 37 to 40 weeks of gestation or about 280 days from the first day of the mother's last menstrual period.
Any drug treatment modality designed to inhibit UTERINE CONTRACTION. It is used in pregnant women to arrest PREMATURE LABOR.
A member of the CXC chemokine family that plays a role in the regulation of the acute inflammatory response. It is secreted by variety of cell types and induces CHEMOTAXIS of NEUTROPHILS and other inflammatory cells.
The mucous membrane lining the RESPIRATORY TRACT, including the NASAL CAVITY; the LARYNX; the TRACHEA; and the BRONCHI tree. The respiratory mucosa consists of various types of epithelial cells ranging from ciliated columnar to simple squamous, mucous GOBLET CELLS, and glands containing both mucous and serous cells.
The proportion of survivors in a group, e.g., of patients, studied and followed over a period, or the proportion of persons in a specified group alive at the beginning of a time interval who survive to the end of the interval. It is often studied using life table methods.
A secretory proteinase inhibitory protein that was initially purified from human SKIN. It is found in a variety mucosal secretions and is present at high levels in SPUTUM. Elafin may play a role in the innate immunity (IMMUNITY, INNATE) response of the LUNG.
A serovar of the bacterial species LEPTOSPIRA INTERROGANS, whose natural host is DOGS where disease is characterized by GASTROENTERITIS, and INTERSTITIAL NEPHRITIS.
The volume of air remaining in the LUNGS at the end of a normal, quiet expiration. It is the sum of the RESIDUAL VOLUME and the EXPIRATORY RESERVE VOLUME. Common abbreviation is FRC.
A product of putrefaction. Poisonous.
General or unspecified injuries to the chest area.
Delivery of the FETUS and PLACENTA under the care of an obstetrician or a health worker. Obstetric deliveries may involve physical, psychological, medical, or surgical interventions.
Short filamentous organism of the genus Mycoplasma, which binds firmly to the cells of the respiratory epithelium. It is one of the etiologic agents of non-viral primary atypical pneumonia in man.
The ratio of alveolar ventilation to simultaneous alveolar capillary blood flow in any part of the lung. (Stedman, 25th ed)
The identification of selected parameters in newborn infants by various tests, examinations, or other procedures. Screening may be performed by clinical or laboratory measures. A screening test is designed to sort out healthy neonates (INFANT, NEWBORN) from those not well, but the screening test is not intended as a diagnostic device, rather instead as epidemiologic.
Determination of the nature of a pathological condition or disease in the postimplantation EMBRYO; FETUS; or pregnant female before birth.
The continuous measurement of physiological processes, blood pressure, heart rate, renal output, reflexes, respiration, etc., in a patient or experimental animal; includes pharmacologic monitoring, the measurement of administered drugs or their metabolites in the blood, tissues, or urine.
Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.
Drugs that prevent preterm labor and immature birth by suppressing uterine contractions (TOCOLYSIS). Agents used to delay premature uterine activity include magnesium sulfate, beta-mimetics, oxytocin antagonists, calcium channel inhibitors, and adrenergic beta-receptor agonists. The use of intravenous alcohol as a tocolytic is now obsolete.
Multiple physical insults or injuries occurring simultaneously.
Conditions or pathological processes associated with pregnancy. They can occur during or after pregnancy, and range from minor discomforts to serious diseases that require medical interventions. They include diseases in pregnant females, and pregnancies in females with diseases.
A diverse group of lung diseases that affect the lung parenchyma. They are characterized by an initial inflammation of PULMONARY ALVEOLI that extends to the interstitium and beyond leading to diffuse PULMONARY FIBROSIS. Interstitial lung diseases are classified by their etiology (known or unknown causes), and radiological-pathological features.
A class of statistical procedures for estimating the survival function (function of time, starting with a population 100% well at a given time and providing the percentage of the population still well at later times). The survival analysis is then used for making inferences about the effects of treatments, prognostic factors, exposures, and other covariates on the function.
A condition characterized by severe PROTEINURIA, greater than 3.5 g/day in an average adult. The substantial loss of protein in the urine results in complications such as HYPOPROTEINEMIA; generalized EDEMA; HYPERTENSION; and HYPERLIPIDEMIAS. Diseases associated with nephrotic syndrome generally cause chronic kidney dysfunction.
Epithelial cells that line the PULMONARY ALVEOLI.
Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).
Application of positive pressure to the inspiratory phase of spontaneous respiration.
An anatomic severity scale based on the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) and developed specifically to score multiple traumatic injuries. It has been used as a predictor of mortality.
The posture of an individual lying face up.
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the bronchi.
Artificial respiration (RESPIRATION, ARTIFICIAL) using an oxygenated fluid.
Substances that reduce or suppress INFLAMMATION.
Pathological elevation of intra-abdominal pressure (>12 mm Hg). It may develop as a result of SEPSIS; PANCREATITIS; capillary leaks, burns, or surgery. When the pressure is higher than 20 mm Hg, often with end-organ dysfunction, it is referred to as abdominal compartment syndrome.

Induction of thioredoxin and thioredoxin reductase gene expression in lungs of newborn primates by oxygen. (1/754)

Thioredoxin (TRX) is a potent protein disulfide oxidoreductase important in antioxidant defense and regulation of cell growth and signal transduction processes, among them the production of nitric oxide. We report that lung TRX and its reductase, TR, are specifically upregulated at birth by O2. Throughout the third trimester, mRNAs for TRX and TR were expressed constitutively at low levels in fetal baboon lungs. However, after premature birth (125 or 140 of 185 days gestation), lung TRX and TR mRNAs increased rapidly with the onset of O2 or air breathing. Lung TRX mRNA also increased in lungs of term newborns with air breathing. Premature animals (140 days) breathing 100% O2 develop chronic lung disease within 7-14 days. These animals had greater TRX and TR mRNAs after 1, 6, or 10 days of life than fetal control animals. In 140-day animals given lesser O2 concentrations (as needed) who do not develop chronic lung disease, lung TRX and TR mRNAs were also increased on days 1 and 6 but not significantly on day 10. In fetal distal lung explant culture, mRNAs for TRX and TR were elevated within 4 h in 95% O2 relative to 1% O2, and the response was similar at various gestations. In contrast, TRX protein did not increase in lung explants from premature animals (125 or 140 days) but did in those from near-term (175-day) fetal baboons after exposure to hyperoxia. However, lung TRX protein and activity, as well as TR activity, eventually did increase in vivo in response to hyperoxia (6 days). Increases in TRX and TR mRNAs in response to 95% O2 also were observed in adult baboon lung explants. When TRX redox status was determined, increased O2 tension shifted TRX to its oxidized form. Treatment of lung explants with actinomycin D inhibited TRX and TR mRNA increases in 95% O2, indicating transcriptional regulation by O2. The acute increase in gene expression for both TRX and TR in response to O2 suggests an important role for these proteins during the transition from relatively anaerobic fetal life to O2 breathing at birth.  (+info)

Artificial reconstituted pulmonary surfactant in prevention and treatment of respiratory distress syndrome in neonates. (2/754)

AIM: To test an artificial reconstituted pulmonary surfactant (APS) for prevention and treatment of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). METHODS: A membrane-formed method combined with supersonic dispersing was used to prepare APS. A pulsating bubble surface tension measurement was established to compare surface properties of APS with natural pulmonary surfactant (NPS). A preliminary clinical trial was made for prevention and treatment of RDS. RESULTS: The APS reduced surface tension from 44.0 mN/m to < 1.0 mN/m in vitro. The changes of APS lipid contents were < 5% of labeled content at 37 degrees C. Clinical trial showed that the APS prevented RDS in 20/20 and cured RDS in 2/2 premature neonates. CONCLUSION: The APS had good surface properties similar to NPS.  (+info)

Early inhaled glucocorticoid therapy to prevent bronchopulmonary dysplasia. (3/754)

BACKGROUND: The safety and efficacy of inhaled glucocorticoid therapy for asthma stimulated its use in infants to prevent bronchopulmonary dysplasia. We tested the hypothesis that early therapy with inhaled glucocorticoids would decrease the frequency of bronchopulmonary dysplasia in premature infants. METHODS: We conducted a randomized, multicenter trial of inhaled beclomethasone or placebo in 253 infants, 3 to 14 days old, born before 33 weeks of gestation and weighing 1250 g or less at birth, who required ventilation therapy. Beclomethasone was delivered in a decreasing dosage, from 40 to 5 microg per kilogram of body weight per day, for four weeks. The primary outcome measure was bronchopulmonary dysplasia at 28 days of age. Secondary outcomes included bronchopulmonary dysplasia at 36 weeks of postmenstrual age, the need for systemic glucocorticoid therapy, the need for bronchodilator therapy, the duration of respiratory support, and death. RESULTS: One hundred twenty-three infants received beclomethasone, and 130 received placebo. The frequency of bronchopulmonary dysplasia was similar in the two groups: 43 percent in the beclomethasone group and 45 percent in the placebo group at 28 days of age, and 18 percent in the beclomethasone group and 20 percent in the placebo group at 36 weeks of postmenstrual age. At 28 days of age, fewer infants in the beclomethasone group than in the placebo group were receiving systemic glucocorticoid therapy (relative risk, 0.6; 95 percent confidence interval, 0.4 to 1.0) and mechanical ventilation (relative risk, 0.8; 95 percent confidence interval, 0.6 to 1.0). CONCLUSIONS: Early beclomethasone therapy did not prevent bronchopulmonary dysplasia but was associated with lower rates of use of systemic glucocorticoid therapy and mechanical ventilation.  (+info)

Changes of neonatal mortality rate between 'pre' and 'post' surfactant period. (4/754)

The objective of this study was to determine how the neonatal mortality rate has changed since surfactant (S) therapy was introduced in our Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU), and to evaluate the efficacy of surfactant therapy in respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) patients. Incidences of risk babies such as outborns, prematurity, low birth weight infants and RDS, and neonatal mortality rates were compared between 'pre' (control, 1988 to 1991, n=4,861) and 'post' S period (study, 1993 to 1996, n=5,430). In RDS patients of 'post' S period, neonatal mortality rate was compared between S-treated and non-treated patients, and chest X-ray and ventilatory parameters were compared between pre- and post-72 hr of surfactant treatment. Surfactant therapy showed short term effects, judging by the decrease of early neonatal deaths and improvement of chest X-ray and ventilatory parameters in RDS patients. The overall neonatal mortality rate had a tendency to decrease in spite of increased incidences of risk babies in 'post' S period but it was less than expected. The reasons were thought to be that we had a high proportion of risk babies, and there was some bias in patient selection for surfactant therapy and its use. In conclusion, with the active prevention of risk baby delivery and appropriate use of surfactant, better results could be expected.  (+info)

Randomised trial of three doses of inhaled nitric oxide in acute respiratory distress syndrome. (5/754)

BACKGROUND: Inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) is a potential therapeutic agent for the management of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Concerns remain, however, regarding the potential toxicity from iNO and/or its oxidative derivatives and methaemoglobinaemia. AIMS: To determine the risk of toxicity from iNO, which includes worsening of lung injury, a prospective study evaluating the acute effects of three concentrations of iNO on gas exchange and haemodynamics in 12 children with ARDS was performed in a tertiary paediatric intensive care unit. INTERVENTION: iNO was administered for one hour at three concentrations (1, 10, and 20 parts per million (ppm)) in a random order of possible dosing schedules to avoid dose accumulation bias. Arterial blood gas, methaemoglobin concentrations, and haemodynamic parameters were obtained at baseline before commencement of iNO, at the end of each study hour, and after iNO was discontinued. Nitric oxide and nitrogen dioxide concentrations were continuously monitored during the study. RESULTS: iNO significantly improved the oxygenation ratio (Pao2/Fio2) from a mean (SEM) baseline of 11.9 (1.7) kPa to 20 (3.9) kPa, 24 (4.5) kPa, and 21.6 (3.9) kPa at 1, 10, and 20 ppm iNO, respectively. There was no significant difference in the improvement in oxygenation achieved between the three concentrations. Correspondingly, there was a significant improvement in oxygenation index (pre-iNO 28.3 (5) v post-iNO 18 (3) (1 ppm), 15 (3) (10 ppm), 16 (3) (20 ppm)). No toxicity from methaemoglobinaemia or nitrogen dioxide was seen during iNO administration. CONCLUSION: The results show that a low concentration of iNO (1 ppm) is as effective as higher concentrations (10 and 20 ppm) in improving oxygenation in children with ARDS and may be important in minimising toxicity during iNO use.  (+info)

Stimulation of the inflammatory system by reamed and unreamed nailing of femoral fractures. An analysis of the second hit. (6/754)

It has been suggested that reamed intramedullary nailing of the femur should be avoided in some patients with multiple injuries. We have studied prospectively the effect of femoral reaming on the inflammatory process as implicated in the pathogenesis of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and multiple-organ failure (MOF). We studied changes in the levels of serum interleukin-6 (IL-6) (proinflammatory cytokine), neutrophil CD11b (C3) receptor expression (activated neutrophil adhesion molecule), serum soluble intracellular adhesion molecule (s-ICAM-1), serum soluble E-selectin (the soluble products of endothelial adhesion molecules) and plasma elastase (neutrophil protease) in a series of patients with femoral fractures treated by nailing. We have also compared reamed nailing with unreamed nailing. We found that the levels of serum IL-6 and elastase rose significantly during the nailing procedure indicating a measurable 'second hit'. There was no clear response in leukocyte activation and no difference in the release of endothelial adhesion molecule markers. There was no significant difference between groups treated by reamed and unreamed nailing. Although clinically unremarkable, the one patient who died from ARDS was shown to be hyperstimulated after injury and again after nailing, suggesting the importance of an excessive inflammatory reaction in the pathogenesis of these serious problems. Our findings have shown that there is a second hit associated with femoral nailing and suggest that the degree of the inflammatory reaction may be important in the pathogenesis of ARDS and MOF.  (+info)

Tracheal aspirate as a substrate for polymerase chain reaction detection of viral genome in childhood pneumonia and myocarditis. (7/754)

BACKGROUND: Infectious respiratory disorders are important causes of childhood morbidity and mortality. Viral causes are common and may lead to rapid deterioration, requiring mechanical ventilation; myocardial dysfunction may accompany respiratory decompensation. The etiologic viral diagnosis may be difficult with classic methods. The purpose of this study was to evaluate polymerase chain reaction (PCR) as a diagnostic method for identification of causative agents. METHODS AND RESULTS: PCR was used to amplify sequences of viruses known to cause childhood viral pneumonia and myocarditis. Oligonucleotide primers were designed to amplify specific sequences of DNA virus (adenovirus, cytomegalovirus, herpes simplex virus, and Epstein-Barr virus) and RNA virus (enterovirus, respiratory syncytial virus, influenza A, and influenza B) genomes. Tracheal aspirate samples were obtained from 32 intubated patients and nucleic acid extracted before PCR. PCR results were compared with results of culture, serology, and antigen detection methods when available. In cases of myocarditis (n=7), endomyocardial biopsy samples were analyzed by PCR and compared with tracheal aspirate studies. PCR amplification of viral genome occurred in 18 of 32 samples (56%), with 3 samples PCR positive for 2 viral genomes. Amplified viral sequences included RSV (n=3), enterovirus (n=5), cytomegalovirus (n=4), adenovirus (n=3), herpes simplex virus (n=2), Epstein-Barr virus (n=1), influenza A (n=2), and influenza B (n=1). All 7 cases of myocarditis amplified the same viral genome from heart as found by tracheal aspirate. CONCLUSIONS: PCR is a rapid and sensitive diagnostic tool in cases of viral pneumonia with or without myocarditis, and tracheal aspirate appears to be excellent for analysis.  (+info)

Determination of resonance frequency of the respiratory system in respiratory distress syndrome. (8/754)

AIM: To measure tidal volume delivery produced by high frequency oscillation (HFO) at a range of frequencies including the resonance frequency. METHODS: Eighteen infants with respiratory distress syndrome were recruited (median gestation 28.7 weeks). Each was ventilated at frequencies between 8 and 30 Hertz. Phase analysis was performed at various points of the respiratory cycle. HFO was provided by a variable speed piston device. Resonance frequency was determined from the phase relation between the cyclical movements of the piston and pressure changes at the airway opening. Tidal volume was measured using a jacket plethysmograph. RESULTS: The results were most reproducible when analysis was performed at the end of inspiration (within 1 Hz in nine out of 10 cases). Comparison between tidal volume delivery at 10 Hz and resonance frequency was made in 10 subjects. Delivery was significantly higher at resonance than at 10 Hertz (mean percentage increase 92%, range 9-222%). CONCLUSIONS: These preliminary findings suggest that there is improved volume delivery at resonance frequency.  (+info)

Neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) is a problem often seen in premature babies. The condition makes it hard for the baby to breathe.
Infants and children with severe respiratory distress or compromise may require oxygenation with ventilation support, initially with a bag-valve-mask device. If the airway and breathing require furthe... more
Taking steps to prevent premature birth can help prevent neonatal RDS. Good prenatal care and regular checkups beginning as soon as a woman discovers she is pregnant can help avoid premature birth.. The risk of RDS can also be lessened by the proper timing of delivery. An induced delivery or cesarean may be needed. A lab test can be done before delivery to check the readiness of the babys lungs. Unless medically necessary, induced or cesarean deliveries should be delayed until at least 39 weeks or until tests show that the babys lungs have matured.. Medicines called corticosteroids can help speed up lung development before a baby is born. They are often given to pregnant women between 24 and 34 weeks of pregnancy who seem likely to deliver in the next week. More research is needed to determine if corticosteroids may also benefit babies who are younger than 24 or older than 34 weeks.. At times, it may be possible to give other medicines to delay labor and delivery until the steroid medicine has ...
Cost of RDS according to gestational age. Table III presents the main costs according to age group. These are 19182 USD for the group of NB of ≤28 WG. For the second group (28-32 WG) the cost was 20265 USD, for the third (32-37 WG) it was 12193 USD, and for the group of ,37 WG it was 3332 USD.. Costs according to patients who died and survived. Subsequently, DMC were disaggregated into two groups according to patient outcome: the first group represents patients who survived the event and the second group represents patients who died. Average DMC of surviving NB with RDS, regardless of complications during hospitalization, was 27 579 USD in those ,28 WG, for those with 28-32 WG the cost was 21 759 USD, for those with 33-37 WG the cost reached 11 897 USD and for NB ,37 WG the cost was 2 195 USD. For patients who died, the cost was 6 587 USD in NB ,28 WG, 15 282 USD for NB 28-32 WG, 20 477 USD for NB 33-37 WG and 13 558 USD for NB ,37 WG (data not shown).. Additional cost of RDS-associated ...
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Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome is a common condition in premature newborns. RDS is a complex clinical status, whose symptoms are related to the underdevelopment of the respiratory system of the newborn.. The severity and incidence of this pathology are directly related to the degree of prematurity, and children born before the 28th week of gestation are at greater risk.. Respiratory insufficiency in preterm infants with RDS occurs due to a shortage in the pulmonary surfactant reserve, which helps to create a biofilm that covers the inner walls of the alveoli. The physiological role of the surfactant is to allow the lungs to expand and prevent collapse (atelectasis) during the expiratory phase. The lack of surfactant results in difficulty in breathing, low oxygenation, increased effort and the need for external respiratory support.. The surfactant reserve available in a premature baby is usually very limited compared to that of a full-term newborn and decreases as a result of RDS. When ...
Infants with established respiratory distress syndrome who receive animal derived surfactant extract treatment have a decreased risk of pneumothorax, a decreased risk of pulmonary interstitial emphysema, a decreased risk of mortality, and a decreased risk of bronchopulmonary dysplasia or death.
Scientists discovery of new form of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome offers clues to treatments for infants who dont respond to steroid drugs. A discovery by scientists at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies might explain why some premature infants fail to respond to existing treatments for a deadly respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) and offers clues for new ways to treat the breathing disorder.. The scientists identified a new form of RDS in newborn mice and traced the problem to a cellular receptor for thyroid hormone, a key player in many developmental processes in the body. They found that two drugs used for treating overactive thyroid glands saved mice with a deadly genetic alteration that mimicked the newly discovered lung problem.. Weve added a piece of the puzzle that had been missing for decades, says Ronald Evans, a Howard Hughes Medical Institute Investigator and the March of Dimes Chair in Developmental and Molecular Biology at Salk. This gives us an entirely new ...
This study was designed to investigate the correlation between expression levels of cysteine aspartic protease-3 (caspase-3) and B-cell lymphoma gene-2 (Bcl-2) proteins in alveolar lavage fluid and the prognosis of infants with neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). A total of 150 infants with neonatal RDS undergoing alveolar lavages were divided into four groups: RDS1 (group A, n=42), RDS2 (group B, n=38), RDS3 (group C, n=38) and RDS4 (group D, n=32) according to their thoracic X-ray film grading. The oxygen uptake score, oxygenation saturation, mean airway pressure and expression levels of caspase-3 and Bcl-2 in alveolar lavage fluid of the infants in the four groups were measured and compared ...
• The fluid intake of 38 surviving infants with severe respiratory distress syndrome was evaluated. There were no substantial differences in fluid administratio
I wasnt going to give up on my daughter, Bruce Saiaana, Tatianas father told KIRO 7.. She was still fighting so we had to fight for her too, added her mother, Elise Saiaana.. Looking for more options, neonatologist Dr. Kendra Smith suggested trying Perflubron, a liquid ventilation drug that was used in the 90s. The drug, which isnt currently FDA approved in the United States, is approved for use in Canada and Europe. While it was scrapped after the manufacturer found it had little use in adults, there were some studies done in the 90s that showed it offered benefits to premature infants with severe respiratory distress syndrome.. After getting an emergency exception waiver, Seattle Childrens Hospital administered tiny amounts of Perflubron to carefully expand Saiaanas lungs. Initially the treatment didnt work, but soon then they started to see improvement and Tatiana started to breathe on her own.. Three and a half months after welcoming their baby girl, the couple was able to bring ...
The baseline neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admission rate at 39 weeks was 2.6 percent, but this rate nearly doubled for each week before 38 weeks. Another group analyzed 13,258 elective cesarean deliveries, of which 35.8 percent were performed before 39 weeks, and found that infants born before 39 weeks had a significantly increased risk of adverse outcomes. Notably, this was also true for the neonates born at 38 weeks. A retrospective review of almost 180,000 births showed that the risk of severe respiratory distress syndrome was 22.5-fold higher for neonates born at 37 weeks and 7.5-fold higher for infants born at 38 weeks compared with those born at or after 39 weeks. The risk of an early term neonate being admitted to the NICU is approximately one in 20 deliveries, compared with about one in 50 for neonates born between 39 and 40 weeks. ...
To date, no targeted therapeutic treatments for the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak have been identified. Antiviral combined with adjuvant therapies are currently under investigation. The clinical spectrum of the infection is wide, ranging from mild signs of upper respiratory tract infection to severe pneumonia and death.. In the patients who progress, the time period from symptoms onset to development of dyspnea is reported to be between 5 to 10 days, and that one to severe respiratory distress syndrome from 10 to 14 days. Globally, 15 to 18% of patients deteriorates to the need of mechanical ventilation, despite the use of non-invasive ventilatory support in the earliest phases of the disease. Probability of progression to end stage disease is unpredictable, with the majority of these patients dying from multi-organ failure. Preventing progression in spontaneously breathing patients with mild to moderate disease would translate in improved morbidity and mortality and in a lower use of limited ...
Study leaders have previously reported a significant reduction in the number of babies born weighing more than 4 kilograms (about 8.8 pounds) to women who received diet and lifestyle advice during pregnancy. The researchers can now report a range of other benefits for these babies, including a lower chance of moderate to severe respiratory distress syndrome and a shorter hospital stay.. Approximately 50% of women are overweight or obese during pregnancy. Until this study was conducted, there had been little evidence about the overall benefits of dietary and lifestyle interventions on this group of women, said study coauthor Dr. Rosalie Grivell, from the Universitys Robinson Research Institute.. Our hope is that by following some simple, practical and achievable lifestyle advice, pregnant women can improve their health and the outcomes for their babies. We would, of course, recommend that these lifestyle changes be adopted as much as possible before women become pregnant, Dr. Grivell says. ...
Early data from a clinical study suggest that blocking the Bruton tyrosine kinase (BTK) protein provided clinical benefit to a small group of patients with severe COVID-19.
Background Knowledge about the clinical spectrum of lung disease caused by variations in the ATP binding cassette subfamily A member 3 (ABCA3) gene is limited. Here we describe genotype-phenotype correlations in a European cohort. Methods We retrospectively analysed baseline and outcome characteristics of 40 patients with two disease-causing ABCA3 mutations collected between 2001 and 2015. Results Of 22 homozygous (15 male) and 18 compound heterozygous patients (3 male), 37 presented with neonatal respiratory distress syndrome as term babies. At follow-up, two major phenotypes are documented: patients with (1) early lethal mutations subdivided into (1a) dying within the first 6 months or (1b) before the age of 5 years, and (2) patients with prolonged survival into childhood, adolescence or adulthood. Patients with null/null mutations predicting complete ABCA3 deficiency died within the 1st weeks to months of life, while those with null/other or other/other mutations had a more variable ...
Limb remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) is an effective means of protection against ischemia/reperfusion (IR)-induced injury to multiple organs. Many studies are focused on identifying endocrine mechanisms that underlie the cross-talk between muscle and RIPC-mediated organ protection. We report that RIPC releases irisin, a myokine derived from the extracellular portion of fibronectin domain-containing 5 protein (FNDC5) in skeletal muscle, to protect against injury to the lung. Human patients with neonatal respiratory distress syndrome show reduced concentrations of irisin in the serum and increased irisin concentrations in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, suggesting transfer of irisin from circulation to the lung under physiologic stress. In mice, application of brief periods of ischemia preconditioning stimulates release of irisin into circulation and transfer of irisin to the lung subjected to IR injury. Irisin, via lipid raft-mediated endocytosis, enters alveolar cells and targets ...
A respiratory failure that is characterized by deficiency of the surfactant coating the inner surface of the lungs, by failure of the lungs to expand and contract properly during breathing with resulting collapse, and by the accumulation of a protein-containing film lining the alveoli and their ducts. [ http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ECO_0007643 ...
All high-risk pregnancies (pregnancy in women with advanced age, or pre-existing condition of diabetes or hypertension), has an increased chance of delivering a preterm baby. In such cases where the situation is foreseen, the health care provider suggests an antenatal steroids to the mother before the delivery. Which are known to enhance the maturity of fetal lung maturity.. The preterm babies who show the symptoms of RDS are shifted to the Neonatal Intensive Care unit.. If the severity of RDS is mild, nasal prongs are provided. However, if the severity is high, a CPAP or ventilator may be used to support the breathing process.. Intratracheal administration of surfactant is also performed on the babies who have severe RDS with higher oxygen requirements.. ...
CLOETE, E; LO, C y BUKSH, M J. Respiratory outcomes following 100 mg/kg v. 200 mg/kg of poractant alpha: A retrospective review. S. Afr. j. child health [online]. 2013, vol.7, n.4, pp.148-152. ISSN 1999-7671.. BACKGROUND: The treatment guideline for the management of respiratory distress syndrome in the newborn unit at Auckland City Hospital (ACH), Auckland, New Zealand, was amended in July 2010. In keeping with current evidence, the initial dose of poractant alpha was increased from 100 mg/kg to 200 mg/kg. The outcomes of newborns requiring treatment with surfactant before and after this change were reviewed. METHODS: Electronic clinical records were reviewed of infants admitted to ACH who received surfactant during the period December 2008 - December 2011. There were two groups: group A were infants who received 100 mg/kg of poractant alpha as an initial dose (December 2008 - June 2010), and group B were infants who received 200 mg/kg as an initial dose (July 2010 - December 2011). Infants ...
Norwich owners and breeders have been aware of the snort and snuffle respiratory noises and raspy breathing that some Norwich exhibit. Symptoms are quite variable, ranging from loud breathing, to exercise and heat intolerance, to severe respiratory distress and death. This condition, which is now being called Norwich Terrier Upper Airway Syndrome (NTUAS), appears to be breed-specific and involves complex genetic changes to the upper airway, specifically the larynx. The larynx is a complex structure that controls the amount of air that enters into the trachea (windpipe) and lungs. If the larynx is obstructed in any way, respiratory distress will ensue ...
Answers D. In an emergency department, triage involves classifying clients according to their need for care, and it includes establishing priorities of care. The type of illness, the severity of the problem, and the resources available govern the process. Clients with trauma, chest pain, severe respiratory distress, cardiac arrest, limb amputation, or acute neurological deficits and those who sustained a chemical splash to the eyes are classified as emergent, and these clients are the number 1 priority. Clients with conditions such as simple fractures, asthma without respiratory distress, fever, hypertension, abdominal pain, or renal stones have urgent needs, and these clients are classified as the number 2 priority. Clients with conditions such as minor lacerations, sprains, or cold symptoms are classified as non urgent, and they are the number 3 priority ...
Sorry for the paucity of communications as the internet has been out at our guest house and at the hospital. Mellanye Lackey was able to work out a satellite communication modem card that we are now using. Well the team is in HIGH GEAR after arriving Monday am. Tuesday morning was spent trying to organize and develop our strategy for all that the team is doing. Jenny Boyd has taken the HUGE task of transforming the PICU space (now 6 years old located Up the Hill) into a FUNCTIONAL PICU, with all the limitations that come with doing this in a resource limited environment. With all the PICU RNs (John, Kristi, Anna, Jeannie,Sue and Katherine), immersed in the formidable task ahead the PICU was transformed in a matter of hours. Shiela and Judy worked on establishing oxygen therapy and noninvasive ventilation, which we needed before lunch ever arrived. SO, the next in the list of FIRSTS for our team is putting a child with severe respiratory distress onto BiPaP....Fast forward 1.5 days and that ...
MONDAY, May 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- As U.S. health officials start to learn how the new coronavirus affects children, a new study details the cases of 48 young patients who wound up in the intensive care units at 14 different hospitals after they were infected with COVID-19.. What common threads did the researchers find? An overwhelming majority -- 83 percent -- of these young patients suffered from an underlying health condition. Nearly 40 percent of those children needed a ventilator, and two died.. No child in the study had the new coronavirus-linked inflammatory syndrome that can cause life-threatening heart problems in children. Instead, the 48 patients showed the severe respiratory distress that has hit so many American adults so hard.. The idea that COVID-19 is sparing of young people is just false, said study co-author Lawrence Kleinman. He is chief of the department of pediatrics division of population health, quality and implementation science at Rutgers University, in New ...
Plain text: Background Over a few months in the spring of 2011, a cluster of patients with severe respiratory distress were admitted to our intensive care unit (ICU). Household clustering was also observed. Extensive laboratory investigations failed to detect an infectious cause. Methods Clinical, radiological and pathological investigations were conducted and the Korean Center for Disease Control performed epidemiological studies. Results The case series consisted of 17 patients. Their median age was 35 (range 28-49) years. Six were pregnant at presentation and four had given birth 2 weeks previously. All presented with cough and dyspnoea. In the majority of patients (14/17), multifocal areas of patchy consolidation were identified in the lower lung zones on the initial CT. As the condition progressed, the patchy consolidation disappeared (10/13) and diffuse centrilobular ground-glass opacity nodules started to predominate and persist. Pathological specimens (11/17) showed a bronchiolocentric, ...
MVA, driver of car vs. tree. Male. Severe respiratory distress on scene - presumed tension pneumothorax, decompressed 14G and ETT
A couple of weeks ago, the QA (Quality Assurance) man brought round a copy of the new AMPDS (that is, the system call takers use for triage) protocols. It got a hearty thumbs up from just about everyone. AMPDSs biggest problem is the inclusion of the question Is s/he breathing normally? in just about every protocol. If the caller answers no, it tends to decide that the patient has severe respiratory distress and churn out a Cat A response. The trouble with this is that if the patient is puffing with pain, or upset and crying, of course their breathing is going to be difficult from normal - but not in a medically relevant way. Yet AMPDS treats someone who is hyperventilating at the pain of their papercut the same as someone with a life threatening asthma attack.. Well, not any more! The infamous are you breathing normally question is completely gone from a lot of protocols, and when it IS there, a yes only results in an amber response, not a red. The rationale, which I totally agree ...
The Oops, my Fly comment reminds me that only a few months ago the (((media))) was reporting many instances of severe respiratory distress caused by, they said, vaping, specifically, chemicals in the vaped material. Also, last spring, there was an serious flu going around (I know as I caught it, and I almost never catch anything), which unusually caused severe breathing problems (Ive never experienced anything like it). I mentioned it to my doctor, having seen nothing about it in the news, and he confirmed such a strain with such symptoms was going around, and it wasnt anything specific to me or my treatment ...
CSL Behring has started enrolment in a Phase II trial of CSL312 for patients with severe respiratory distress due to Covid-19-related pneumonia.
There has been much controversy in recent years regarding the early use of postnatal corticosteroids to treat preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). Short term respiratory benefits must be weighed against the potential for detrimental neurodevelopmental effects.. This study reports follow up data on growth, neurological and motor function, cognition, and school performance of two groups of ex-preterm infants assessed when reaching school age. In the original study, 262 preterm infants with severe RDS were randomly allocated to receive either early postnatal dexamethasone or placebo. The study had reported a significant reduction in chronic lung disease in the dexamethasone treated group without excess mortality. The children followed up at school age were the survivors of the original study. At school age (mean 8 years) children in the dexamethasone treated group were significantly shorter and had smaller head circumferences than the placebo treated controls. In addition, ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Intrahepatic Cholestasis of Pregnancy and Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome. AU - Zecca, Enrico. AU - De Luca, Daniele. AU - Caruso, Alessandro. AU - Bernardini, Tommaso. AU - Romagnoli, Costantino. AU - Marras, Marco. PY - 2006. Y1 - 2006. N2 - Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) is a clinical syndrome of unknown pathophysiology, characterized by generalized pruritus and biochemical cholestasis, occurring during the second half of pregnancy and persisting until delivery.1 The incidence of ICP varies from 0.1% to 1.5% of pregnancies in Europe, North America, and Australia and from 9.2% to 15.6% in South American countries such as Bolivia and Chile.2 ICP may seriously impair the placental clearance of fetal bile acids (BAs), leading to a dangerous accumulation of these compounds within the fetus and the newborn.3 The elevation of maternal serum BA is thought to be the most appropriate biochemical parameter for diagnosing the ICP.4 This syndrome has been associated ...
Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) is common in preterm infants born at less than 32 weeks gestation; surfactant and mechanical ventilation have been the standard treatment. However, despite advances in neonatal respiratory care, a considerable number of preterm infants develop chronic lung disease, termed bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), which is associated with neonatal death, prolonged neonatal intensive care stay, and impaired neurodevelopment. High-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) was developed as a new ventilation technique in the late 1970s. It was expected to result in less BPD and death as a primary model of ventilation compared to conventional ventilation (CV) in the treatment of RDS. However, there is disagreement concerning the advantage of HFOV over CV in the treatment of RDS in preterm infants regarding the prevention of death, BPD, intraventricular hemorrhage, and periventricular leucomalacia in the short term. The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy and ...
adult respiratory distress syndrome definition. Explain adult respiratory distress syndrome. What is adult respiratory distress syndrome? adult respiratory distress syndrome meaning. adult respiratory distress syndrome sense. adult respiratory distress syndrome FAQ. adult respiratory distress syndrome synonyms.
REFERENCES. 1. Ware LB, Matthay MA. The acute respiratory distress syndrome. N Engl J Med. 2000;342(18):1334-49. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJM200005043421806. [ Links ] 2. Matthay MA, Zemans RL. The acute respiratory distress syndrome: pathogenesis and treatment. Annu Rev Pathol. 2011;6:147-63. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-pathol-011110-130158. [ Links ] 3. Aeffner F, Bolon B, Davis IC. Mouse Models of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome: A Review of Analytical Approaches, Pathologic Features, and Common Measurements. Toxicol Pathol. 2015;43(8):1074-92. https://doi.org/10.1177/0192623315598399. [ Links ] 4. Ashbaugh DG, Bigelow DB, Petty TL, Levine BE. Acute respiratory distress in adults. Lancet. 1967;2(7511):319-23. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(67)90168-7. [ Links ] 5. Fanelli V, Vlachou A, Ghannadian S, Simonetti U, Slutsky AS, Zhang H. Acute respiratory distress syndrome: new definition, current and future therapeutic options. J Thorac Dis. 2013;5(3):326-34. ...
Villar J, Blanco J, Kacmarek RM. Current incidence and outcome of the acute respiratory distress syndrome. Curr Opin Crit Care. 2016 Feb;22(1):1-6.. Amato MB1, Meade MO, Slutsky AS, Brochard L, Costa EL, Schoenfeld DA, Stewart TE, Briel M, Talmor D, Mercat A, Richard JC, Carvalho CR, Brower RG. Driving pressure and survival in the acute respiratory distress syndrome. N Engl J Med. 2015 Feb 19;372(8):747-55.. Villar J, Sulemanji D, Kacmarek RM. The acute respiratory distress syndrome: incidence and mortality, has it changed? Curr Opin Cirt Care. 2014 Feb;20(1):3-9.. Guérin C, Reignier J, Richard JC, Beuret P, Gacouin A, Boulain T, Mercier E, Badet M, Mercat A, Baudin O, Clavel M, Chatellier D, Jaber S, Rosselli S, Mancebo J, Sirodot M, Hilbert G, Bengler C, Richecoeur J, Gainnier M, Bayle F, Bourdin G, Leray V, Girard R, Baboi L, Ayzac L; PROSEVA Study Group. Prone positioning in severe acute respiratory distress syndrome. N Engl J Med. 2013 June 5;368(23):2159-68.. Alhazzani W, Alshahrani M, ...
Normal intrauterine lung development is comprised of stages featuring both cellular proliferation to increase total lung size, and cellular differentiation by which the airway and alveolar architectures are elaborated from primordial organ buds (Chaps. 2 and 37). By the time the fetus reaches normal term gestation (~38 weeks), there is ongoing alveolarization and normally the lungs are structurally and biochemically prepared for the transition to extrauterine function in gas exchange. Among the most profound changes in the lung at the time of birth are: (1) the replacement of fluid with gas in the airways, with consequent generation of alveolar surface tension forces that must be overcome; and (2) a fall in pulmonary vascular resistance, with consequent increase in pulmonary blood flow. These changes must occur over a relatively short time frame for normal pulmonary function. As an additional challenge, the newborns lungs are surrounded by ribs and related thoracic structures that are ...
OBJECTIVE: We studied the ante- and postnatal risk factors and clinical outcomes associated with pulmonary interstitial emphysema (PIE) in extremely low birth weight infants (ELBW, |1000 g at birth) in the present era of tocolytics, antenatal steroid
BACKGROUND: One course of antenatal corticosteroids reduces the risk of respiratory distress syndrome and neonatal death. Weekly doses given to women who remain undelivered after a single course may have benefits (less respiratory morbidity) or cause harm (reduced growth in utero). We aimed to find out whether multiple courses of antenatal corticosteroids would reduce neonatal morbidity and mortality without adversely affecting fetal growth. METHODS: 1858 women at 25-32 weeks gestation who remained undelivered 14-21 days after an initial course of antenatal corticosteroids and continued to be at high risk of preterm birth were randomly assigned to multiple courses of antenatal corticosteroids (n=937) or placebo (n=921), every 14 days until week 33 or delivery, whichever came first. The primary outcome was a composite of perinatal or neonatal mortality, severe respiratory distress syndrome, intraventricular haemorrhage (grade III or IV), periventricular leucomalacia, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Biomarker evidence of myocardial cell injury is associated with mortality in acute respiratory distress syndrome. AU - Bajwa, Ednan K.. AU - Boyce, Paul D.. AU - Januzzi, James L.. AU - Gong, Michelle N.. AU - Thompson, B. Taylor. AU - Christiani, David C.. PY - 2007/11. Y1 - 2007/11. N2 - OBJECTIVE: Although a number of studies have reported elevated levels of markers of myocardial necrosis among critically ill patients, the association between these markers and outcome remains poorly studied in patients with lung injury. We investigated the association of elevated troponin and creatine phosphokinase isoenzyme levels with mortality and organ failure in subjects with acute respiratory distress syndrome. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Tertiary academic medical center. PATIENTS: A total of 305 subjects with acute respiratory distress syndrome enrolled in a prospective intensive care unit cohort. INTERVENTION: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Cardiac biomarker data were ...
Pulmonary interstitial emphysema (PIE) is a collection of gases outside of the normal air passages and inside the connective tissue of the peribronchovascular sheaths, interlobular septa, and visceral pleura. This collection develops as a result of alveolar and terminal bronchiolar rupture.
Another name for Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome is Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome. What to expect with adult respiratory distress syndrome: ...
BACKGROUND:This study assessed the clinical characteristics of neonatal acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and differences in therapy in comparison to RDS. MATERIAL AND METHODS:The clinical data of 925 preterm infants with respiratory distress were collected and divided into 4 groups. Group A and B both met the diagnosis of neonatal RDS, whereas infants in group B also showed inflammatory response. Group C met the Montreux definition of neonatal ARDS and group D was the control. RESULTS:We found that 73.50% of the 925 preterm infants were diagnosed with RDS, of which RDS with inflammatory response accounted for 42.05%. ARDS accounted for 5.29% and control group accounted for 21.19%. Group C infants were the heaviest (2168.16±654.43 g) and had the oldest gestational age. The pregnancy-induced hypertension was highest (30.07%) in group B and lowest in group D (13.26%). Group C had higher iNO and longer invasive ventilator times, but had less frequent surfactant treatment, as well as shorter
Geographically, this report is segmented into several key Regions, with production, consumption, revenue (million USD), market share and growth rate of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Therapeutics in these regions, from 2012 to 2022 (forecast), covering. North America. Europe. China. Japan. Southeast Asia. India. Global Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Therapeutics market competition by top manufacturers, with production, price, revenue (value) and market share for each manufacturer; the top players including. Therabron Therapeutics, Inc.. Serendex Pharmaceuticals A/S. Silence Therapeutics Plc. Histocell S.L.. Altor BioScience Corporation. Athersys, Inc.. Faron Pharmaceuticals Oy. FirstString Research, Inc.. GlaxoSmithKline Plc. Phylogica Limited. On the basis of product, this report displays the production, revenue, price, market share and growth rate of each type, primarily split into. Methylprednisolone. Hydrocortisone. Calf Pulmonary Surfactant for Injection. Others. On the basis of ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Recovery of function in survivors of the acute respiratory distress syndrome. AU - Mchugh, Lynn Grose. AU - Milberg, John A.. AU - Whitcomb, Michael E.. AU - Schoene, Robert B.. AU - Maunder, Richard J.. AU - Hudson, Leonard D.. PY - 1994/7. Y1 - 1994/7. N2 - We performed a prospective cohort analysis to determine the rate and extent of improvement in pulmonary function abnormalities and self-perceived health for 1 yr after surviving an episode of the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). We also examined the effect of ARDS severity and etiology, age, and sex on functional recovery. Patients were recruited from the intensive care units of one hospital and followed at regular time intervals from extubation to 1 yr. Fifty-two of 82 eligible adult survivors (63%) consented to participate; 37 of 82 (45%) had at least two examinations, and 20 (24%) had complete follow-up. Risk factors for ARDS included sepsis (n = 12), trauma (n = 15), and other (n = 10). Pulmonary function and ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Neuromuscular and Neuropsychological Assessments in Survivors of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome. T2 - Exploratory Comparisons with an At-Risk Cohort. AU - Ofoma, Uchenna R.. AU - Reriani, Martin K.. AU - Biehl, Michelle. AU - Kashyap, Rahul. AU - Ahmed, Adil H.. AU - Rabinstein, Alejandro. AU - Gajic, Ognjen. PY - 2015/6/1. Y1 - 2015/6/1. N2 - Background: Long-term studies of survivors of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) have reported neuromuscular, quality of life, and neuropsychological impairments. This study aims to determine if development of ARDS was associated with neuromuscular weakness and depression at 6-month following hospital discharge in a population-based cohort of patients at high risk for ARDS. Methods: A validated lung injury prediction model prospectively identified adult patients at increased risk for ARDS admitted to Mayo Clinic between October 2008 and July 2011. Instruments for functional impairment [Overall Neuropathy Limitations Scale ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Characteristics of early acute respiratory distress syndrome in newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia. AU - Van De Louw, Andry. AU - Desai, Ruchi J.. AU - Zhu, Junjia. AU - Claxton, David. PY - 2018/10/3. Y1 - 2018/10/3. N2 - Acute respiratory complications occur frequently during the early phase of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) but information on the most severe form, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), is lacking. We retrospectively analyzed 280 patients with newly diagnosed AML in order to describe the incidence, risk factors and early mortality associated with ARDS within 15 d. Univariate and then multivariate analysis were performed. ARDS developed in 9% of patients and was associated with 64% day-30 mortality. White blood cell count on admission was an independent risk factor for ARDS (OR = 1.007, 95% CI = 1.001-1.012, p =.012) with a moderate prediction ability (AUC 0.704, p =.001). Other variables were associated with ARDS in univariate but not in multivariate ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Roles of oxidants and redox signaling in the pathogenesis of acute respiratory distress syndrome. AU - Tasaka, Sadatomo. AU - Amaya, Fumimasa. AU - Hashimoto, Satoru. AU - Ishizaka, Akitoshi. PY - 2008/4/1. Y1 - 2008/4/1. N2 - The acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a disease process that is characterized by diffuse inflammation in the lung parenchyma and resultant permeability edema. The involvement of inflammatory mediators in ARDS has been the subject of intense investigation, and oxidant-mediated tissue injury is likely to be important in the pathogenesis of ARDS. In response to various inflammatory stimuli, lung endothelial cells, alveolar cells, and airway epithelial cells, as well as alveolar macrophages, produce reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS). In addition, the therapeutic administration of oxygen can enhance the production of these toxic species. As the antioxidant defense system, various enzymes and low-molecular weight ...
Is Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome a common side effect of Solupred? View Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Solupred side effect risks. Female, 81 years of age, was diagnosed with asthma, hypercholesterolaemia and took Solupred . Patient was hospitalized.
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD)/chronic lung disease occurs primarily in very low birth weight infants (VLBW) often without antecedent severe respiratory distress syndrome. The BPD in these VLBW infants results in less fibrosis than the traditional BPD but the normal process of alveolarization seem …
Twenty infants, mechanically ventilated in the neonatal period for respiratory distress syndrome, were compared with 15 healthy controls, matched for birthweight(less than 1501 g) but greater in mean gestational age. Clinical features and lung mechanics (by whole body plethysmography) were recorded at 6-monthly intervals until about one year. THe neonatal course of the mechanically ventilated infants was commonly complicated by tracheobronchial hypersecretion and the later course by a fairly high incidence of lower respiratory tract illness. In this group, thoracic gas volume, dynamic compliance, pulmonary and airways conductance were all abnormal during the middle 4 months of the first year and reverted towards normal towards the end of the first year. The control group had normal lung mechanics. Early lung function tests were of limited value in predicting later lower respiratory tract illness, which was more common in boys, after neonatal mechanical ventilation for longer than 24 hours or ...
Background: Neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (NRDS), a life-threatening pulmonary disorder, involves 1% of all deliveries worldwide. Shallow breathing causes restlessness in infants, which itself affects pulmonary function; thus, sedative medications are used to preserve better pulmonary function. There are different opinions about the benefits and superiority of these drugs. Objective: The study purposed to assess and compare the effects of fentanyl and midazolam on the required time of mechanical ventilation in infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). Methods: In this randomized clinical trial, 60 infants with RDS were randomly allocated to 2 groups (30 infants each); the first group underwent sedation with midazolam (0.1 mg/kg), and the second group received 0.5 mcg/kg of fentanyl during ventilation. The duration of hospitalization, required time of ventilation, drug complications, feeding intolerance, as well as pneumothorax incidence and need for re-intubation were recorded and
Multidrug resistance-associated protein-1 (MRP1/ABCC1) is highly expressed in human lung tissues. Recent studies suggest that it significantly affects the pulmonary disposition of its substrates, both after pulmonary and systemic administration. To better understand the molecular mechanisms involved, we studied the expression, subcellular localization and activity of MRP1 in freshly isolated human alveolar epithelial type 2 (AT2) and type 1-like (AT1-like) cells in primary culture, and in the NCI-H441 cell line. Moreover, the effect of cigarette smoke extract (CSE) and a series of inhaled drugs on MRP1 abundance and activity was investigated in vitro. MRP1 expression levels were measured by q-PCR and immunoblot in AT2 and AT1-like cells from different donors and in several passages of the NCI-H441 cell line. The subcellular localization of the transporter was studied by confocal laser scanning microscopy and cell surface protein biotinylation. MRP1 activity was assessed by bidirectional ...
Poractant alfa and Calsurf are two natural surfactants widely used in China for the treatment of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome, which are extracted from porcine and calf lungs, respectively. The purpose of this experimental study was to compare their in vitro characteristics and in vivo effects in the improvement of pulmonary function and protection of lung injury. The biophysical properties, ultrastructure, and lipid composition of both surfactant preparations were respectively analysed in vitro by means of Langmuir-Blodgett trough (LBT), atomic force microscopy (AFM), and liquid-chromatography mass-spectrometry (LC-MS). Then, as core pharmacological activity, both head-to-head (100 and 200 mg/kg for both surfactants) and licensed dose comparisons (70 mg/kg Calsurf vs. 200 mg/kg Poractant alfa) between the two surfactants were conducted as prophylaxis in preterm rabbits with primary surfactant deficiency, assessing survival time and rate and dynamic compliance of the respiratory system ...
Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome Global Clinical Trials Review, H1, 2017 Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome Global Clinical Trials Review, H1, 2017 Summary GlobalDatas clinical trial report,
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Another name for Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome is Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome. Physicians from the following specialties evaluate and treat ...
Respiratory Distress Syndrome ARDS Newborn caused by deficiency of surfactant in newborn. Mostly preterm baby has ards baby lung problems ards
Neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) remains a major respiratory disorder for the increasing preterm population, and its incidence has been confirmed...
Arguably one of the most important advances in critical care medicine in recent years has been the understanding that mechanical ventilators can impart harm and that lung-protective ventilation strategies can save lives. High-frequency oscillatory ventilation appears ideally suited for lung protection at first glance. Two camps of opinion exist, however, even in neonates where this modality has been most extensively studied. In the present debate, the prevailing arguments from each of those camps are made available for the reader to decide.
The incidences of maternal obesity and obesity-related maternal, fetal and neonatal complications have increased considerably. Obese people may have lower, normal or increased fat mass independent from their body mass index. We aimed to investigate the relationships between antenatal steroid therapy and maternal body fat ratio for the risk of Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in preterm infants. ...
Less invasive surfactant administration (LISA) in preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome avoids mechanical ventilation and may further reduce the risk of death or bronchopulmonary dysplasia.1 A recent European survey indicates that the percentage of centres using LISA increased, but with wide variation in procedure. In particular, there is no consensus about whether sedation should be used.2 International guidelines recommend sedation for intubation but it can hamper spontaneous breathing, which is necessary for LISA. Recently, a study compared two groups … ...
NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Across many subgroups of preterm infants, high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) and conventional ventilation are just as likely to prevent bronchopulmonary dysplasia, and they are equally safe, according to a meta-analysis published online June 1 in The Lancet. For now,
Newborn respiratory distress syndrome. What are the signs of RDS? Baby lung complications. Wall Street lawyer serving NYC, Manhattan, Brooklyn, the Bronx, Queens, Staten Island. Call 212-257-9931.
PubMed journal article Ventilatory support in children with pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome: proceedings from the Pediatric Acute Lung Injury Consensus Conferenc were found in PRIME PubMed. Download Prime PubMed App to iPhone or iPad.
DURHAM, N.C., Biomarck Pharmaceuticals, Ltd today announced that the first patients have been treated with BIO-11006 in a Phase 2 clinical study for patients with Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS). This trial will evaluate the safety and efficacy of Biomarcks novel, patented, MARCKS protein inhibitor in a placebo controlled trial where all patients receive mechanical ventilation as standard of care.. Currently there are no approved treatments for ARDS other than mechanical ventilation in an ICU and even then up to 40% of patients die within 30 days. As this disease occurs in approximately 200,000 patients per year in the US, the potential to save lives is very clear. Animal studies have shown the ability of BIO-11006 to prevent the disease in the two most predictive models of ARDS and have shown the unique capability to reverse established ARDS. The initiation of this clinical study represents a significant milestone for Biomarck as we progress to clinically develop our patented ...
Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) involves severe inflammation of the lungs which ultimately leads to acute respiratory failure and death in affected cats. This is a life-threatening problem, causing death in a majority of patients despite life s
後來又一篇NEJM(再跪)探討揪竟Lower TV跟Higher PEEP的策略是如何降低VILI的發生,誒抖,接下來是我的理解可能有錯還請指正。目前LTV的算法是用PBW去算,並不是針對ARDS當下肺部實際的生理狀況去校正。. 誒話若要說透支(好老派),就得來說一下Baby lung的概念,以前以為ARDS的肺部compliance差是因為整個肺部變得很硬(stiff),後來發現其實是因為能夠行氣體交換的aerated lung/functional lung變得很小,所以其實the acute respiratory distress syndrome lung is not stiff but instead small, with nearly normal intrinsic elasticity且what appears dangerous is not the VT/kg ratio but instead the VT/baby lung ratio。. 也就是用PBW去校正VT不太能反映當下肺部的狀況,應該要用當時的lower respiratory-system compliance (Crs)校正才合理,所以應該要看的參數是VT /Crs,這個比值即為Driving ...
Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) is a rapidly progressive disease occurring in critically ill patients.. Launch of ARDS emerging therapies, such as Traumakine (Faron Pharmaceuticals) Bio-11006 (BioMarck Pharmaceuticals), MultiStem (Athersys), Solnatide (Apeptico Forschung und Entwicklung GmbH), and PB1046 (PhaseBio Pharmaceuticals) shall further create a positive impact on the market. Interferon-beta-1a-also known as Traumakine; FP-1201-lyo; MR11A8; FP-1201; Recombinant Human IFN Beta-1a-is under development by Faron Pharmaceuticals as its lead drug candidate. It is a lyophilized powder form of recombinant human.. IFN beta-1a reconstituted in water for injection. It is administered intravenously, and targets the Interferon-beta receptor 1, activating its action. In January 2018, Faron Pharmaceuticals received Fast Track designation from the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for Traumakine, for the treatment of ARDS. The drug is in phase III clinical developmental trial for the ...
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a severe lung condition. It occurs when fluid fills up the air sacs in your lungs. Too much fluid in your lungs lowers the amount of oxygen in your bloodstream. ARDS can prevent your organs from getting the oxygen they need to function, and it can eventually cause organ failure.. ARDS most commonly affects hospitalized people who are very ill. It can also be caused by serious trauma. Symptoms usually occur within a day or two of the original illness or trauma, and they may include extreme shortness of breath and gasping for air.. ARDS is a medical emergency and a potentially life-threatening condition.. ...
Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) - Learn about the causes, symptoms, diagnosis & treatment from the Merck Manuals - Medical Consumer Version.
Outcomes after acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) are similar to those of other survivors of critical illness and largely affect the nerve, muscle, and central nervous system but also include
Having Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) can be overwhelming. We provide patient-friendly resources to help you better understand your condition. Learn about symptoms and manage your diagnosis here.
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a life-threatening condition. When a person develops ARDS, their lungs are no longer able to supply their body with adequate amounts of oxygen. The alveoli -- air sacs -- fill up with fluid. Most people already have a serious underlying health condition that causes ARDS.
there are various tests your doctor might order to diagnose acute respiratory distress syndrome (ards). some of them include: scans.
Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome - Hospital Admissions patient population data split by country and gender, starting 1980 and ending 2100 , Epiomic ...
 CliniCal FoCus Review Jerrold H. levy, M.D., F.a.H.a., F.C.C.M., editor Contemporary Management and Novel Approaches during COVID-19 George W. Williams, M.D., Nathaniel K. Berg, B.S., Alexander Reskallah, M.D., Xiaoyi Yuan, Ph.D., Holger K. Eltzschig, M.D., Ph.D. Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is de ned as hypoxemia secondary to a rapid onset of noncardio- genic…
Doctors at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center have now found a different treatment for Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).
Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome answers are found in the Pocket ICU Management powered by Unbound Medicine. Available for iPhone, iPad, Android, and Web.
Acute respiratory distress syndrome. Acute liver failure. Respiratory failure. Multiple organ dysfunction syndrome. *Neonatal ... Level I (well newborn nursery)[edit]. Level I units are typically referred to as the well baby nursery. Well newborn nurseries ... Infant respiratory distress syndrome is the leading cause of death in preterm infants,[19] and the main treatments are CPAP, in ... Respiratory distress syndrome and its management. Fanaroff and Martin (eds.) Neonatal-perinatal medicine: Diseases of the fetus ...
... and respiratory distress syndrome. Left untreated, this can lead to hypoxic respiratory failure (HRF). Decreased diameter of ... The newborn is therefore born with elevated PVR, which leads to pulmonary hypertension. Because of this, the condition is also ... Additionally, two percent of infants with respiratory distress syndrome develop PPHN. Jain A, McNamara PJ (August 2015). " ... Other clinical signs that may signify PPHN are respiratory distress, partial pressure of oxygen greater than 100 mg and ...
Infant respiratory distress syndrome, in turn, is the leading cause of death in preterm infants, affecting about 1% of newborn ... Respiratory distress syndrome and its management. Fanaroff and Martin (eds.) Neonatal-perinatal medicine: Diseases of the fetus ... 7D/ENDING-NEWBORN-DEATHS.PDF http://www.iol.co.za/lifestyle/family/birth/million-babies-die-a-year-charity-1.1653041#. ...
Pathology manifestation in full-term infant resembles characteristics of newborn with Respiratory Distress Syndrome. Imaging of ... Congenital hypothyroidism Infant respiratory distress syndrome Interstitial lung disease Persistent pulmonary hypertension of ... "Unexplained neonatal respiratory distress due to congenital surfactant deficiency". The Journal of Pediatrics. 150 (6): 649-53 ... which may not be so useful in case of acute respiratory problems in newborns. Overlapping phenotypes of surfactant metabolism ...
Pulmonary surfactant is used as a medication to treat and prevent respiratory distress syndrome in newborn babies. Prevention ... Pulmonary surfactant is used to treat and prevent respiratory distress syndrome in newborn babies. Prevention is generally done ...
Respiratory distress syndrome Wilson-Mikity syndrome Merck Manual, Professional Edition, Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia. " ... The most effective and safest approach for measuring carbon dioxide in newborn infants is not clear. The rate of BPD varies ... and those who receive prolonged mechanical ventilation to treat respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). It results in significant ... Viral immunization is also important for these children who have a higher risk of infections in the respiratory tract. There is ...
"Prediction of respiratory distress syndrome by the microbubble stability test on gastric aspirates in newborns of less than 32 ... Surfactant treatment of newborn infants with respiratory distress syndrome primarily treated with nasal continuous positive air ... Surfactant treatment of newborn infants with respiratory distress syndrome primarily treated with nasal continuous positive air ... "Nasal CPAP has become an indispensable part of the primary treatment of newborns with respiratory distress syndrome". Acta ...
Potter syndrome): value of portable voiding cystourethrography in newborns with respiratory distress". Radiology. 125 (3): 769- ... Renal impairment can cause oligohydramnios, a feature which is characteristic of Potter's syndrome. Oligohydramnios is brought ... Bhandari, Jenish; Thada, Pawan K.; Sergent, Shane R. (2021), "Potter Syndrome", StatPearls, Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls ... defects in this transcription factor are associated with Potter Syndrome, a rare, fatal congenital disorder. Without the proper ...
... is a non-invasive ventilation strategy for newborns with infant respiratory distress syndrome (IRDS). It is one of ... "Treatment of the idiopathic respiratory-distress syndrome with continuous positive airway pressure". The New England Journal of ... that providing CPAP using an anesthesia bag improved oxygenation in preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome. ... Respiratory therapists are important members of the team. The system has to be snugly fitted and stationed on the infant's head ...
Infant respiratory distress syndrome (IRDS) is caused by lack of surfactant, commonly suffered by premature babies born before ... He also realized the importance of having low surface tension in lungs of newborn infants. Later, in the middle of the 1950s, ... At the end of that decade it was discovered that the lack of surfactant caused infant respiratory distress syndrome (IRDS). " ... as seen in cases of premature infants suffering from infant respiratory distress syndrome. The normal surface tension for water ...
Is due to lack of surfactant, as occurs in hyaline membrane disease of newborn or acute (adult) respiratory distress syndrome ( ... In premature babies, this leads to infant respiratory distress syndrome. The term uses combining forms of atel- + ectasis, from ... Chronic atelectasis may take one of two forms-middle lobe syndrome or rounded atelectasis. In right middle lobe syndrome, the ... Sometimes additional respiratory support is needed with a mechanical ventilator. The primary treatment for acute massive ...
The correlation between DPPC percentage and respiratory distress syndrome is why DPPC is used to make drugs to treat newborn ... is routinely used to formulate some medicines used for treatment of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in newborns. Current ... These connections suggest that a particular surfactant composition will lead to respiratory distress syndrome, regardless of ... resulting in respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). Despite DPPC being one of the major components of lung surfactant, most of ...
It is a drug that is used in surfactant deficient conditions such as infant respiratory distress syndrome in newborns. ...
... "infant respiratory distress syndrome" in newborns, the international consensus is that "acute respiratory distress syndrome" is ... Acute respiratory distress syndrome. Synonyms. Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), adult respiratory distress syndrome, shock ... Acute respiratory distress syndrome. Acute liver failure. Respiratory failure. Multiple organ dysfunction syndrome. *Neonatal ... Respiratory monitoring. References[edit]. *^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s Fan, E; Brodie, D; Slutsky, AS (20 February ...
... from the nose and mouth of a newborn immediately after delivery in the event the baby shows signs of respiratory distress to ... In a barium enema, meconium plug syndrome shows a normal or dilated colon as compared to micro-colon in meconium ileus. ... Is meconium from healthy newborns actually sterile?; "[1]" Research in Microbiology. Vol. 159, Issue 3, pp. 187-193. ... Meconium ileus should be distinguished from meconium plug syndrome, in which a tenacious mass of mucus prevents the meconium ...
... which accurately predicted the chance that a newborn would develop infant respiratory distress syndrome. He received over 35 ... Louis Gluck (1924-1997) was an American neonatologist who made many important contributions to the care of newborns, and who is ... developed protocols which reduced spread of serious bacterial infections in newborns; and developed a laboratory test, called ...
Symptoms and signs in the newborn can be sepsis, abdominal mass, and respiratory distress. Other abdominopelvic or perineal ... Fraser syndrome is a disorder that affects the development of the child prior to birth. Infants born with Fraser syndrome often ... Bardet-Biedl syndrome, or Fraser syndrome. One out of every 5,000 women have this abnormality. ... Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS) is a cliopathic human genetic disorder that can affect various parts of the body. Parts of the ...
... including acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and trauma Apnea with respiratory arrest, including cases from ... Newborn infants with breathing problems may require mechanical ventilation. Mechanical ventilation can be used as a short-term ... Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Network) (2000). "Ventilation with lower tidal volumes as compared with traditional tidal ... It is clinically indistinguishable from acute lung injury or acute respiratory distress syndrome (ALI/ARDS). Diaphragm disuse ...
... respiratory distress syndrome in the newborn, shock, and ergot toxicity. Adverse effects by incidence and severity Common ... "Endotracheal inhalatory sodium nitroprusside in severely hypoxic newborns". Journal of Perinatal Medicine. 26 (3): 219-224. doi ...
Syndromes such as respiratory distress syndrome, congenital heart disease, pneumothorax, and shock may lead to breathing ... Chotigeat, U; Khorana, M; Kanjanapattanakul, W (2007). "Inhaled nitric oxide in newborns with severe hypoxic respiratory ... acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), or near-drowning. Specifically, intubation is considered if the arterial partial ... "Frequency of endotracheal suctioning for the prevention of respiratory morbidity in ventilated newborns". The Cochrane Database ...
... newborn sepsis) Antenatal corticosteroids (ANCs) - (preterm respiratory distress syndrome) Chlorhexidine - (newborn cord care) ... Reproductive maternal, newborn & child health : status of 13 UN lifesaving commodities in Uganda (2015-16). OCLC 1028578211. ... Resuscitation devices - (newborn asphyxia) Amoxicillin - (pneumonia) Oral rehydration salts (ORS) - (diarrhoea) Zinc - ( ...
... infection diphtheria human coronavirus infection respiratory distress syndrome measles meconium aspiration syndrome ... metapneumovirus (hMPV) infection Necrotizing enterocolitis Gonorrhea infection of the newborn parainfluenza (PIV) infection ... Juvenile idiopathic arthritis Leukemia Measles Meningitis Molluscum contagiosum Mumps Nephrotic syndrome Osgood-Schlatter ... prenatal Listeria Group B streptoccus infection Tay-Sachs disease tetanus Ureaplasma urealyticum infection respiratory ...
Treatment of meconium aspiration syndrome in newborn infants 07-17-1995 Treatment of acute respiratory distress syndrome in ... for acute respiratory distress syndrome". American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. 160 (4): 1188-95. doi: ... Lucinactant (trade name Surfaxin) is a liquid medication used to treat infant respiratory distress syndrome. It is a pulmonary ... 10-18-1995 Treatment of respiratory distress syndrome in premature infants. Clinical trials in Latin America were criticized ...
... that provides Continuous positive airway pressure in the treatment of infant respiratory distress syndrome of the newborn and ... paediatrician who improved the care of newborn babies - obituary". The Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 13 March 2021. ...
... such as in transient tachypnea of the newborn, surfactant deficiency, respiratory distress syndrome or other infant medical ... Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) is more common in babies exposed to a smoky environment. Breastfeeding mothers who smoke ... Even in babies exposed to the harmful effects of nicotine through breast milk, the likelihood of acute respiratory illness is ... Maternal and infant hyperlactation syndromes". Canadian Family Physician. 42: 89-99. PMC 2146202. PMID 8924818. Mohrbacher, ...
... syndrome Necrotizing enterocolitis Neonatal abstinence syndrome Neonatal cancer Neonatal jaundice Neonatal respiratory distress ... syndrome Encephalocele Gastroschisis Hemolytic disease of the newborn Hirschsprung disease Hypoplastic left heart syndrome ... In 2006 newborns as small as 450 grams and as early as 22 weeks gestation have a chance of survival. In modern NICUs, infants ... It was not until 1965 that the first American newborn intensive care unit (NICU) was opened in New Haven, Connecticut. In 1975 ...
... respiratory distress syndrome, newborn MeSH C16.614.521.563.475 - hyaline membrane disease MeSH C16.614.521.731 - retinopathy ... MeSH C16.131.077.065 - Alagille syndrome MeSH C16.131.077.095 - Angelman syndrome MeSH C16.131.077.112 - Bardet-Biedl syndrome ... branchio-oto-renal syndrome MeSH C16.131.260.190 - cri du chat syndrome MeSH C16.131.260.210 - De Lange syndrome MeSH C16.131. ... branchio-oto-renal syndrome MeSH C16.320.180.190 - cri du chat syndrome MeSH C16.320.180.210 - De Lange syndrome MeSH C16.320. ...
Discovery that missing pulmonary surfactants are responsible for the death of newborns with respiratory distress syndrome; ...
Respiratory. *Intrauterine hypoxia. *Infant respiratory distress syndrome. *Transient tachypnea of the newborn ... The newborn baby's closed lids should be thoroughly cleansed and dried.. *If it is determined that the cause is due to a ... "Conjunctivitis , Pink Eye , Newborns , CDC". www.cdc.gov. Retrieved 2016-11-11.. ... If the tear duct is not cleared by the time the newborn is one year old, surgery may be required.[2] ...
Respiratory. *Intrauterine hypoxia. *Infant respiratory distress syndrome. *Transient tachypnea of the newborn ... Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a medical condition where a portion of the bowel dies.[1] It typically occurs in newborns ... a b Schanler, R.J. (2017). "Management of necrotizing enterocolitis in newborns". UpToDate. ... Some children may suffer from short bowel syndrome if extensive portions of the bowel had to be removed. ...
The fetus can be put in distress, and can even die. The mother can lose blood and can have a haemorrhage; she may need a blood ... Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is the sudden death of an infant that is unexplainable by the infant's history. The death ... Even in babies exposed to the harmful effects of nicotine through breast milk, the likelihood of acute respiratory illness is ... Premature and low birth weight babies face an increased risk of serious health problems as newborns have chronic lifelong ...
... underdeveloped at the time of birth the infant will not be able to breathe air properly and will go into respiratory distress ... Potter syndrome is not technically a syndrome as it does not collectively present with the same telltale characteristics and ... Potter analyzed approximately 5000 autopsy cases performed on fetuses and newborn infants over a period of ten years and found ... "Potter syndrome". Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD) at the National Center for Advancing Translational ...
Kim, J., Park, Y., Kim, Y., Kang, S., Shin, J., Park, I., Choi, B. Miliary tuberculosis and acute respiratory distress syndrome ... Sepulveda, R. L., Heiba, I. M., Navarrete, C., Elston, R. C., Gonzalez, B., Sorensen, R. U. Tuberculin reactivity after newborn ... Tuberculosis - Respiratory and Non-respiratory Notifications, England and Wales, 1913-2005 [online]. Health Protection Agency ... American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. 1997, roč. 156, čís. 2 Pt 2, s. S1-25. PMID 9279284.. ...
... respiratory distress syndrome, low blood sugar, and infections in the baby.[56] ... "Infection in the Newborn as a Cause of Cerebral Palsy, 12/2004". United Cerebral Palsy Research and Education Foundation (U.S ... In Africa birth asphyxia, high bilirubin levels, and infections in newborns of the central nervous system are main cause. Many ... In fact, as of the early 21st century some clinicians have become so distressed at common incorrect use of these terms that ...
Respiratory. *Intrauterine hypoxia. *Infant respiratory distress syndrome. *Transient tachypnea of the newborn ... TM Lain (April 1969). "The military brace syndrome. A report of sixteen cases of Erb's palsy occurring in military cadets". The ... In his 1768 treatise on midwifery, he reported a case of transient bilateral arm paralysis in a newborn after difficult labour ... Erb-Duchenne palsy presents as a lower motor neuron syndrome associated with sensibility disturbance and vegetative phenomena.[ ...
... adult respiratory distress syndrome and "pulmonary injuries similar to that seen in victims of chlorine gas exposure".[7] Apart ... Additionally, a significant number of newborns are ventilated with infant-sized manual resuscitators to help stimulate normal ... and over-stretching can lead to adult respiratory distress syndrome - a condition that requires prolonged mechanical ventilator ... Respiratory therapy. References[edit]. *^ a b c Neumar RW, Otto CW, Link MS, Kronick SL, Shuster M, Callaway CW, Kudenchuk PJ, ...
Infant respiratory distress syndrome. *Infant sleep training. *Neo-natal intensive care unit ... Newborn care and safety. *Oral rehydration therapy *Pedialyte. *Preterm birth. *Shaken baby syndrome ... for example due to cleft lip and palate or Mobius syndrome). The design of the feeder is to simulate breastfeeding. ...
Infant respiratory distress syndrome. *Infant sleep training. *Neo-natal intensive care unit ... Newborn care and safety. *Pediatrician. *Preterm birth. * Shaken baby syndrome. *Soy formula ...
... correlated with illness severity and mortality in critically ill adults and in ventilated neonates with respiratory distress.[ ... Immersion foot syndromes Trench foot. Tropical immersion foot. Warm water immersion foot. Chilblains. Frostbite. Aerosol burn. ... Hypoxia is a common complication of preterm birth in newborn infants. Because the lungs develop late in pregnancy, premature ... Hypoxic drive, a respiratory drive in which the body uses oxygen chemoreceptors to regulate the respiratory cycle ...
Acute respiratory distress syndrome. Acute liver failure. Respiratory failure. Multiple organ dysfunction syndrome. *Neonatal ... Newborns[edit]. Neonatal sepsis can be difficult to diagnose as newborns may be asymptomatic.[83] If a newborn shows signs and ... acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) (PaO2/FiO2 ratio, 300), different ratio in pediatric acute respiratory distress ... "Acute respiratory distress syndrome, sepsis, and cognitive decline: A review and case study". Southern Medical Journal. 102 (11 ...
Acute respiratory distress syndrome. *Carbon monoxide inhalation, such as that from a car exhaust and the smoke's emission from ... Perinatal asphyxia is the medical condition resulting from deprivation of oxygen (hypoxia) to a newborn infant long enough to ... Respiratory acidosis. References[edit]. *^ a b GBD 2015 Disease and Injury Incidence and Prevalence, Collaborators. (8 October ... Immersion foot syndromes Trench foot. Tropical immersion foot. Warm water immersion foot. Chilblains. Frostbite. Aerosol burn. ...
Respiratory. *Intrauterine hypoxia. *Infant respiratory distress syndrome. *Transient tachypnea of the newborn ... Fetal distress or death can be confirmed or ruled out via fetoscopy/doptone, ultrasound, and/or electronic fetal monitoring. If ... Fetal behavior is consistent and a change in the fetus' movements or sleep-wake cycles can indicate fetal distress.[18] A ... A rarely used term to describe these is "sudden antenatal death syndrome" or SADS, a phrase coined in 2000.[13] Many ...
... of those dying of respiratory distress syndrome, 25% dying of other respiratory conditions, and 24% dying of sudden infant ... High infant mortality is exacerbated because newborns are a vulnerable subgroup that is affected by air pollution.[38] Newborns ... Sudden infant death syndromeEdit. Main article: Sudden infant death syndrome. Sudden infant death syndrome(SIDS) is a syndrome ... Duncan JR, Byard RW (2018). "Sudden Infant Death Syndrome: An Overview". In Duncan JR, Byard RW. SIDS Sudden infant and early ...
... and developmental delays Lethargy Repeated Yeast infections Acidosis Hepatomegaly Hypotonia Pancreatitis Respiratory distress ... "Newborn screening tests". nih.gov. Division of Neonatology, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC. Review ... Higginbottom MC, Sweetman L, Nyhan WL (1978). "A syndrome of methylmalonic aciduria, homocystinuria, megaloblastic anemia and ... These megamitochondria also showed signs of decreased respiratory chain function, particularly in respiratory complex IV which ...
... pre-existing respiratory depression, marked neuromuscular respiratory, acute pulmonary insufficiency, chronic psychosis, ... These uses include aids to relieve the panic or distress of dysphoric ("bad trip") reactions to psychedelic drugs, such as LSD ... See also: Benzodiazepine dependence and Benzodiazepine withdrawal syndrome. The potential for misuse among those taking it for ... "Confirmation of gestational exposure to alprazolam by analysis of biological matrices in a newborn with neonatal sepsis". ...
Respiratory. *Intrauterine hypoxia. *Infant respiratory distress syndrome. *Transient tachypnea of the newborn ... a b c d Hemolytic Disease of Newborn~workup at eMedicine. *^ a b c Arora, Satyam; Doda, Veena; Maria, Arti; Kotwal, Urvershi; ... Hemolytic disease of the newborn, also known as hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn, HDN, HDFN, or erythroblastosis ... Hemolytic disease of the newborn is most commonly seen in kittens (where it is known as "fading kitten syndrome") and foals. It ...
Respiratory. *Intrauterine hypoxia. *Infant respiratory distress syndrome. *Transient tachypnea of the newborn ... Which leads to serious injuries to both the mother and the new-born.[10] Women who endured placental disease within the first ...
Respiratory. *Intrauterine hypoxia. *Infant respiratory distress syndrome. *Transient tachypnea of the newborn ... This article about a medical condition affecting the respiratory system is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. *v ... Caplan's syndrome. Chalicosis. Coalworker's pneumoconiosis. Siderosis. Silicosis. Talcosis. Byssinosis. Hypersensitivity ...
Infant respiratory distress syndrome. *Infant sleep training. *Neo-natal intensive care unit ... Newborn care and safety. *Pediatrician. *Preterm birth. *Shaken baby syndrome. *Soy formula ... This same study also focused specifically on the effects that Down syndrome has on object permanence. They found that the ... Along with imitation being a potential factor in the success, another factor that could impact children with Down syndrome ...
Metabolic syndrome and obesityEdit. Several lines of evidence indicate lifestyle-induced hyperinsulinemia and reduced insulin ... This leaves children less likely to contract diarrheal diseases and respiratory infections.[1] ... such as prematurity in the infant or individuals in severe catabolic distress, and those are called conditionally essential.[16 ... Improving maternal, newborn, infant and young child health and nutrition. Washington, DC: WHO. http://www.who.int/nutrition/ ...
The occurrence of symptoms of bronchopulmonary dysplasia or acute respiratory distress syndrome is treated by lowering the ... Newborn Lung Project". Journal of Pediatrics. 132 (1): 57-63. doi:10.1016/S0022-3476(98)70485-8. PMID 9470001.. ... with evidence of diffuse alveolar damage and the onset of acute respiratory distress syndrome usually occurring after 48 hours ... "American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology. 29 (6): 653-60. doi:10.1165/rcmb.2003-0070OC. PMID 12791678.. ...
Respiratory. *Intrauterine hypoxia. *Infant respiratory distress syndrome. *Transient tachypnea of the newborn ... Campbell LA, Klocke RA (April 2001). "Implications for the pregnant patient". American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care ... Ethanol during pregnancy can cause fetal alcohol syndrome and fetal alcohol spectrum disorder.[42] Studies have shown that ... Studies show that skin-to-skin contact between a mother and her newborn immediately after birth is beneficial for both the ...
Respiratory. *Intrauterine hypoxia. *Infant respiratory distress syndrome. *Transient tachypnea of the newborn ...
ഇരട്ടന്യുമോണിയ (തീവ്ര ശ്വസനനിരോധ സിൻഡ്രോം,Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome)[തിരുത്തുക]. രണ്ട് ശ്വാസകോശത്തെയും ഒരുപോലെ ... UNICEF-PHFI Series on Newborn and Child Health, India. Indian Pediatr. 2011 Mar 7;48(3):191-218. PMID: 21478555 ... 2.3.3 ഇരട്ടന്യുമോണിയ (തീവ്ര ശ്വസനനിരോധ സിൻഡ്രോം,Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome). *2.3.4 ഇയോസിനോഫിലിക ന്യുമോണിയ ( ... Bernard GR..Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome : A Historical Perspective.Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2005 Oct 1;172(7):798-806 ...
... an unusual cause of respiratory distress in the newborn". American Journal of Clinical Pathology. 76 (5): 722-7. doi:10.1093/ ... Rapp-Hodgkin syndrome/Hay-Wells syndrome/Ectrodactyly-ectodermal dysplasia-cleft syndrome 3/Limb-mammary syndrome/OFC8 ... "American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. 184 (2): 172-179. doi:10.1164/rccm.201010-1697CI. PMC 3172887. PMID ... ACD typically presents in newborn babies within hours of birth as rapid and labored breathing, blue-colored lips or skin, ...
The use of nitrazepam during pregnancy can lead to intoxication of the newborn. A neonatal withdrawal syndrome can also occur ... and severe respiratory distress necessitating ventilatory support in children. Nitrazepam may promote the development of ... leading to potentially fatal respiratory distress in children. Nitrazepam has been associated with severe hepatic disorders, ... It has been found to be more effective than clonazepam in the treatment of West syndrome, which is an age-dependent epilepsy, ...
... respiratory distress syndrome of newborn pulmonary hyaline membrane disease Neonatal respiratory Distress syndrome hyaline ... newborn respiratory distress syndrome. Go to external page http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/DOID_12716 Copy ... A respiratory failure that is characterized by deficiency of the surfactant coating the inner surface of the lungs, by failure ...
... continues to be one of the most important causes of mortality and morbidity in newborn babies; however, lack of a... ... Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), also known as hyaline membrane disease (HMD), ... Skalina M.E.L., Martin R.J., Fanaroff A.A. (1983) The Newborn Respiratory Distress Syndrome. In: Tinker J., Rapin M. (eds) Care ... Pulmonary lecithin synthesis in the human fetus and newborn and etiology of the respiratory distress syndrome. Pediatr Res 6: ...
... is a serious medical condition where a newborn babys lungs cant provide their body with enough oxygen. It can be treated ... Newborn respiratory distress syndrome. Neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (NRDS) is a serious medical condition where a ... Newborn respiratory distress syndrome (NRDS) happens when a babys lungs arent fully developed and cant provide enough oxygen ... Its also known as infant respiratory distress syndrome, hyaline membrane disease or surfactant deficiency lung disease. ...
Care guide for Respiratory Distress Syndrome In Newborns (Discharge Care). Includes: possible causes, signs and symptoms, ... Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) is a condition that causes breathing problems in newborns. This condition is also called ... Learn more about Respiratory Distress Syndrome In Newborns (Discharge Care). Associated drugs. *Pulmonary Impairment ... More About Respiratory Distress Syndrome In Newborns (Discharge Care). Medication Guide1 related article ...
The syndrome occurred in 23.4 per cent of the diabetic vs. 1.3 per cent of the nondiabetic group. The r … ... of nondiabetic mothers were examined for a relation between maternal diabetes and respiratory-distress syndrome of the newborn ... Association between maternal diabetes and the respiratory-distress syndrome in the newborn N Engl J Med. 1976 Feb 12;294(7):357 ... maternal diabetes mellitus per se predisposes to newborn respiratory-distress syndrome. ...
Learn about risks and prevention for respiratory distress syndrome and the approach North Memorial Health takes to diagnosis, ... What is respiratory distress syndrome?. Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) is a condition that causes breathing problems in ... Respiratory Distress Syndrome in Newborns. Approach to Care Condition Overview Risk Prevention Diagnosis & Treatment Options ... Know More: Respiratory Distress Syndrome in Newborns. Trustworthy information, straight from the source. Education is the first ...
Newborn; Infantile Respiratory Distress Syndrome; Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome; Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Infant ... Newborn Respiratory Distress Syndrome Summary Description: A condition of the newborn marked by DYSPNEA with CYANOSIS, heralded ... Key Therapies for Newborn Respiratory Distress Syndrome. Efficacy Chart ,, * Artificial Respiration (Mechanical Ventilation) : ... Key Drugs and Agents for Newborn Respiratory Distress Syndrome. Efficacy Chart ,, Drugs and Important Biological Agents (IBA) ...
1994) Surfactant therapy and nasal continuous positive airway pressure for newborns with respiratory distress syndrome. N Engl ... 1997) Mortality, severe respiratory distress syndrome, and chronic lung disease of the newborn are reduced more after ... Nasal Continuous Positive Airway Pressure and Early Surfactant Therapy for Respiratory Distress Syndrome in Newborns of Less ... Nasal Continuous Positive Airway Pressure and Early Surfactant Therapy for Respiratory Distress Syndrome in Newborns of Less ...
Respiratory Distress Syndrome in Newborns - Learn about the causes, symptoms, diagnosis & treatment from the Merck Manuals - ... and the greater the likelihood that respiratory distress syndrome will develop after birth. Respiratory distress syndrome ... The diagnosis of respiratory distress syndrome is based on signs of respiratory distress, levels of oxygen in the blood, and ... After delivery, less premature newborns and newborns with mild respiratory distress syndrome may require only supplemental ...
Should surfactants be given for prophylaxis in newborns where respiratory distress syndrome has not yet set in, or selectively ... WHO recommendation on surfactant replacement therapy for newborns with respiratory distress syndrome 17 November 2015 ... WHO recommendation on surfactant replacement therapy for newborns with respiratory distress syndrome (November 2015). The WHO ... Surfactant replacement therapy is recommended for intubated and ventilated newborns with respiratory distress syndrome. ...
Respiratory Distress Syndrome in Newborns - Learn about the causes, symptoms, diagnosis & treatment from the Merck Manuals - ... What is respiratory distress syndrome in newborns? Respiratory has to do with breathing. Respiratory distress syndrome is a ... How can doctors tell if my baby has respiratory distress syndrome? Doctors suspect respiratory distress syndrome based on your ... What causes respiratory distress syndrome? Before birth, your babys lungs are closed. Right after birth, your baby breathes in ...
Learn more about Respiratory Distress Syndrome in Newborns at Reston Hospital Center DefinitionCausesRisk ... T114184/Respiratory-distress-syndrome-RDS-of-the-newborn. Updated June 26, 2017. Accessed September 21, 2017. ... Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) occurs most often in infants who are born too early. RDS can cause breathing difficulty in ... Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) of the newborn. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp ...
Nasal continuous positive airway pressure and early surfactant therapy for respiratory distress syndrome in newborns of less ... Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn / classification * Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn / drug therapy * Respiratory ... Patients: The study population comprised 60 infants ,30 weeks gestation with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) who had an ... Distress Syndrome, Newborn / mortality * Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn / therapy* * Steroids / administration & dosage ...
Hypoaeration from loss of lung volume (may be counteracted by respiratory therapy) ...
In intubated preterm newborns with respiratory distress syndrome, surfactant should be administered early (within the first 2 ... WHO recommendation on the early administration of surfactant in intubated preterm newborns with respiratory distress syndrome. ... Should surfactants be given for prophylaxis in newborns where respiratory distress syndrome has not yet set in, or selectively ... WHO recommendation on the early administration of surfactant in intubated preterm newborns with respiratory distress syndrome. ...
Fibrinolytic studies in the respiratory distress syndrome of the newborn infant. Suzuki, S. ... Blood coagulation and fibrinolysis of the newborn viewed äs perinatal factors. II. ...
Hyaline membrane disease (HMD), more commonly called respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), is one of the most common problems of ... High-Risk Newborns - Hyaline Membrane Disease / Respiratory DistressSyndrome. What is hyaline membrane disease?. ...
Very low surfactant protein C contents in newborn Belgian White and Blue calves with respiratory distress syndrome. Fabien ... We have studied a respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) occurring in newborn calves of the Belgian White and Blue (BWB) breed ... Very low surfactant protein C contents in newborn Belgian White and Blue calves with respiratory distress syndrome ... Very low surfactant protein C contents in newborn Belgian White and Blue calves with respiratory distress syndrome ...
PO-0747 The Study Of Oxidative Stress At Preterm Newborns With Respiratory Distress Syndrome ... PO-0747 The Study Of Oxidative Stress At Preterm Newborns With Respiratory Distress Syndrome ... Aim The diseases of newborns which involve oxidative stress are: respiratory distress (RDS), bronchopulmonary dysplasia, ... Results The RDS was present in mild form at 35% newborns, medium form at 42% and severe form at 23%. Seven newborns presented ...
... of pneumocystis jirovecii colonization and potential association with respiratory distress syndrome in preterm newborn infants ... A significant increase of respiratory distress syndrome in colonized group, even after adjusting for confounding factors (odds ... of pneumocystis jirovecii colonization and potential association with respiratory distress syndrome in preterm newborn infants ... jirovecii colonization is frequent in preterm births and could be a risk factor to develop respiratory distress syndrome among ...
... gestation reduces the risk of respiratory distress syndrome of the newborn when the risk of preterm delivery is high. Meconium ... Respiratory distress syndrome can occur in premature infants as a result of surfactant deficiency and underdeveloped lung ... Other etiologies of respiratory distress include pneumonia, sepsis, pneumothorax, persistent pulmonary hypertension, and ... Initial evaluation for persistent or severe respiratory distress may include complete blood count with differential, chest ...
There can be many causes of respiratory distress in children. Usually, it is caused by infections, chronic illness or a blocked ... Respiratory distress describes symptoms related to breathing problems. ... Respiratory distress describes symptoms related to breathing problems. There can be many causes of respiratory distress in ... Respiratory Distress Syndrome: Newborn. Join the Conversation!. Social Media at Nationwide Childrens ...
Respiratory Distress Syndrome ARDS Newborn caused by deficiency of surfactant in newborn. Mostly preterm baby has ards baby ... Respiratory Distress Syndrome in Newborn and Surfactant Therapy. Dr. Alamgir Hossain Shemul October 4, 2016 Neonatology Leave a ... Deficiency of surfactant causes Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) in Newborn. It is also called hyaline membrane disease. ... The Dangers of Respiratory Distress Syndrome in Newborns. by Health Science Channel ...
Learn about the programs and services offered for Infant Respiratory Distress Syndrome (Hyaline Membrane Disease) at Boston ... Division of Newborn Medicine. Learn More Division of Pulmonary Medicine. Learn More ...
Newborn respiratory distress syndrome. What are the signs of RDS? Baby lung complications. Wall Street lawyer serving NYC, ... Newborn Respiratory Distress Syndrome. What is RDS?. Our legal team understands the sensitive nature of newborn respiratory ... Contact our newborn respiratory distress syndrome lawyers on Wall Street in New York City to learn how we can protect your ... Our firms birth injury respiratory distress syndrome lawyers know the right medical experts who can prove fault, even when ...
Respiratory distress is a breathing problem that affects newborns. It is also called RDS. It is more common in babies who are ...
... helps prevent and treat respiratory distress syndrome in newborns, restoring surface activity in the lungs and improving ... As one of the leading surfactant choices to prevent and treat respiratory distress syndrome in newborns, Infasurf® (calfactant ... For babies with Respiratory Distress Syndrome (RDS), tomorrow is made possible by Infasurf® (calfactant).. For so many ... Infasurf is indicated for the prevention of Respiratory Distress Syndrome (RDS) in premature infants at high risk for RDS and ...
Respiratory Distress Syndrome in Newborns. (Hyaline Membrane Disease; RDS). by Laurie Rosenblum, MPH ... Respiratory distress syndrome. The Merck Manual Professional Edition website. Available at: ...(Click grey area to select URL) ... Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) of the newborn. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.... Updated ... Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) occurs most often in infants who are born too early. RDS can cause breathing difficulty in ...
Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS). In adults, a dose of 25 g of Albumin (Human) 20% can be infused over 30 minutes and ... Hemolytic Disease of the Newborn. In newborns, Albumin (Human) 20% may be administered prior to or during exchange transfusion ... Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) (Treatment Adjunct). Albumin (Human) 20% infusions may be indicated in conjunction ... Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome (OHSS). Albumin (Human) 20% may be used as a plasma expander in fluid management relating to ...
  • Despite having a similar name, NRDS isn't related to acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) ↗ . (axappphealthcare.co.uk)
  • Deficiency of surfactant causes Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) in Newborn. (pedimedicine.com)
  • Single blind randomized clinical trial designed to evaluate the efficacy of the combination of hydroxychloroquine and dexamethasone as treatment for severe Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) related to coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19). (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Of these, 5% will present with acute respiratory failure, the most severe form of which is Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS). (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and acute lung injury (ALI) are medical conditions that occur when there is severe inflammation and increased fluids in both lungs, making it difficult for the lungs to function properly. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • ALI/ARDS involves extensive inflammation in the lungs that can lead to rapid respiratory failure. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Acute lung injury (ALI) and its more severe form, acute respiratory syndrome (ARDS) is one of the common organ dysfunction associated with septic shock. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • This study assessed the clinical characteristics of neonatal acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and differences in therapy in comparison to RDS. (medscimonit.com)
  • Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is common among mechanically ventilated children and accompanies up to 30% of all pediatric intensive care unit deaths. (frontiersin.org)
  • At least 30% of children require invasive mechanical ventilation, and those who develop the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) may account for as much as 30% of all PICU mortality ( 1 , 2 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • citation needed] Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) has some similarities to IRDS. (wikipedia.org)
  • This chapter will be concerned with various aspects of hyaline membrane disease, with particular emphasis on respiratory support. (springer.com)
  • It's also known as infant respiratory distress syndrome, hyaline membrane disease or surfactant deficiency lung disease. (axappphealthcare.co.uk)
  • Hyaline membrane disease (HMD), more commonly called respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), is one of the most common problems of premature babies. (nyhq.org)
  • Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in the newborn, also known as hyaline membrane disease, is a common complication seen in premature babies. (myhealth.gov.my)
  • Respiratory distress includes both RDS (ie, hyaline membrane disease) and transient tachypnea of the newborn. (medscape.com)
  • infant respiratory distress syndrome (IRDS) or hyaline membrane disease hī´əlĭn, -līn˝ [ key ] , respiratory distress syndrome of newborns, most common in infants born prematurely or by cesarean section or having a diabetic mother. (infoplease.com)
  • Infantile respiratory distress syndrome (IRDS), also called respiratory distress syndrome of newborn, or increasingly surfactant deficiency disorder (SDD), and previously called hyaline membrane disease (HMD), is a syndrome in premature infants caused by developmental insufficiency of pulmonary surfactant production and structural immaturity in the lungs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) is a condition that causes breathing problems in newborns. (drugs.com)
  • Bancalari E, Garcia OL, Jesse MJ (1973) Effects of continuous negative pressure on lung mechanics in idiopathic respiratory distress syndrome. (springer.com)
  • Respiratory distress syndrome is a lung disorder in premature newborns in which the air sacs in their lungs do not remain open because a substance that coats the air sacs called surfactant is missing or insufficient. (merckmanuals.com)
  • Because much of the lung is airless in this condition, newborns with respiratory distress syndrome have low levels of oxygen in the blood, which causes a bluish discoloration to the skin and/or lips ( cyanosis ). (merckmanuals.com)
  • Respiratory distress syndrome can occur in premature infants as a result of surfactant deficiency and underdeveloped lung anatomy. (aafp.org)
  • As one of the leading surfactant choices to prevent and treat respiratory distress syndrome in newborns, Infasurf ® (calfactant) turns todays into tomorrows by adsorbing faster, lowering surface tension, and improving lung compliance overall. (infasurf.com)
  • In adults with acute respiratory distress syndrome, the only therapy that improves mortality rates is a lung protective ventilation strategy. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) of the newborn is an acute lung disease caused by surfactant deficiency, which leads to alveolar collapse and noncompliant lungs. (medscape.com)
  • Liu J , Cao H, Wang H, Kong X. The Role of Lung Ultrasound in Diagnosis of Respiratory Distress Syndrome in Newborn Infants, Iran J Pediatr. (tums.pub)
  • Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the value of lung ultrasound in the diagnosis of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in newborn infants. (tums.pub)
  • Findings: In all of the infants with RDS, lung ultrasound consistently showed generalized consolidation with air bronchograms, bilateral white lung or interstitial syndrome, pleural line abnormalities, A-line disappearance, pleural effusion, lung pulse, etc. (tums.pub)
  • This study aims to further evaluate the value of a lung ultrasound in the diagnosis of RDS in newborn infants including full-term neonates. (tums.pub)
  • From March 2012 to May 2013, 50 newborn infants with RDS and another 50 neonates whose lung disease was excluded by chest x-ray examination were enrolled in this study, all of whom were admitted to the Department of Neonatology and NICU (the largest NICU in the world with 350 beds), Bayi Children's Hospital affiliated to Beijing Military General Hospital (Beijing, China). (tums.pub)
  • Respiratory support in the form of mechanical ventilation may also be life saving but can cause lung injury, and protocols should be directed to avoiding mechanical ventilation where possible by using nasal continuous positive airways pressure. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Transient tachypnea of the newborn is the result of a delay in clearance of fetal lung liquid. (medscape.com)
  • In the past, respiratory distress was thought to be a problem of relative surfactant deficiency but is now characterized by an airspace-fluid burden secondary to the inability to absorb fetal lung liquid. (medscape.com)
  • Mature newborns who have normal transitions from fetal to postnatal life have mature surfactant and lung epithelial systems. (medscape.com)
  • To detect and analyze the genetic variation in exon 7 of lung surfactant protein B (SP-B), and to investigate the relationship between the genetic variation and the incidence of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (NRDS) in Han populations in western Inner Mongolia. (cdc.gov)
  • Neonatal physiotherapy is a procedure performed between clamping of umbilical cord and 28 days after delivery, which include newborn lung and motor handling [ 3 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Although the literature has already described the effects of chest physiotherapy on newborns with different lung diseases [ 11 ], no previous investigation analyzed chest associated to motor physiotherapy treatment on premature newborns with respiratory distress syndrome. (biomedcentral.com)
  • A chronic lung disease developed after OXYGEN INHALATION THERAPY or mechanical ventilation (VENTILATION, MECHANICAL) usually occurring in certain premature infants (INFANT, PREMATURE) or newborn infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RESPIRATORY DISTRESS SYNDROME, NEWBORN). (bioportfolio.com)
  • Similar events can lead to the infant respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), with surfactant deficiency and lung immaturity as underlying conditions ( 3 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • Further analysis to control for features associated with diabetes but also in themselves risk factors, such as gestational age and route of delivery, showed that respiratory-distress syndrome in infants of diabetic mothers was 5.6 times as likely to develop as in infants of nondiabetic mothers (P less than 0.00001). (nih.gov)
  • Age for the 8 newborns is gestational age. (cdc.gov)
  • In this multi-center randomized controlled trial, 300 preterm infants born at a gestational age of 26 6/7 to 33 6/7 weeks with a diagnosis of RDS will be randomized to NHFOV or NCPAP as a primary mode of non-invasive respiratory support. (springer.com)
  • A March of Dimes researcher, Dr. T. Allen Merritt, developed a pulmonary surfactant used to treat respiratory distress syndrome in newborns in 1987. (news-journalonline.com)
  • The aim of this trial is to compare the effect of non-invasive high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (NHFOV) and nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) in preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) as a primary non-invasive ventilation support mode. (springer.com)
  • citation needed] The lungs of infants with respiratory distress syndrome are developmentally deficient in a material called surfactant, which helps prevent collapse of the terminal air spaces (the future site of alveolar development) throughout the normal cycle of inhalation and exhalation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Premature newborns and newborns whose mother had diabetes while pregnant are at increased risk of developing respiratory distress syndrome. (merckmanuals.com)
  • Baby delivered by cesarean section are at greater risk of developing respiratory distress syndrome because the reduction of cortisol produced because the lack of stress that happens during vaginal delivery. (pedimedicine.com)
  • Daily WJR, Sunshine P, Smith PC (1971) Mechanical ventilation of newborn infants. (springer.com)
  • In a randomized, controlled study we have shown that a single dose of surfactant (Curosurf, Chiesi Farmateutici, Parma, Italy) given by short-lasting intubation reduces the need for mechanical ventilation and improves oxygenation in infants with moderate to severe respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) treated with early nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nasal CPAP). (aappublications.org)
  • The recommendation should be used in higher-level health-care facilities because it applies to preterm newborns with respiratory distress syndrome who have access to intubation and mechanical ventilation. (who.int)
  • These treatments, together with common ICU practice aspects such as early/late tracheostomy, ventilatory parameters believed adequate in order to start a weaning procedure, fluidic balance, choice of analgesia and sedation regimens, are not standardized in this particular syndrome due to the lack of evidence available and there is need for information about which factors correlate to a lower duration of mechanical ventilation and mortality. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • We evaluated 76 preterm newborns admitted in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit with respiratory distress syndrome under noninvasive mechanical ventilation and treated with exogenous surfactant replacement (bovine type). (biomedcentral.com)
  • Severe congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) in newborns is accompanied by pronounced hypoplasia of both pulmonary tissue and the pulmonary vasculature ( 1 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • Influenza-like illnesses were generally mild, but a fatal case of pneumonia in combination with acute respiratory distress syndrome occurred also. (pnas.org)
  • This genetically caused type of respiratory distress syndrome may occur in full-term babies as well. (merckmanuals.com)
  • In newly born preterm babies who have or are at risk of respiratory distress syndrome (P), is surfactant therapy (I), compared with routine care without surfactants (C), effective in reducing adverse newborn outcomes (O)? (who.int)
  • Respiratory distress syndrome is a kind of breathing problem that can happen to newborn babies. (merckmanuals.com)
  • Mothers who are expected to deliver premature babies are supposed to be given glucocorticoids, which has been proven to help prevent respiratory distress syndrome. (rosenbaumnylaw.com)
  • For babies with Respiratory Distress Syndrome (RDS), tomorrow is made possible by Infasurf ® (calfactant). (infasurf.com)
  • Most newborn intensive care units (NICUs) have a follow-up program to closely monitor babies who have had this condition until they are at least 3 years old. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Neonatal nurse practitioners are advanced practice nurses that care for premature babies and sick newborns in intensive care units , emergency rooms , delivery rooms , and special clinics . (wikipedia.org)
  • Neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) is a problem often seen in premature babies. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Babies who are premature or have other conditions that make them at high risk for the problem need to be treated at birth by a medical team that specializes in newborn breathing problems. (medlineplus.gov)
  • There is no evidence that the administration of digoxin helps babies with neonatal respiratory distress syndrome. (cochrane.org)
  • This is most common in preterm babies (born before 34 weeks) and is known as respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). (cochrane.org)
  • LBW babies are more likely than babies with normal weight to have health problems, as a newborn as well as later in life. (scirp.org)
  • Only a small number of all newborn babies get this breathing problem. (ahealthyme.com)
  • Maintenance of temperature, treating respiratory distress, kangaroo mother care, safe oxygen use, prevention of infection and good nutrition will help in saving many preterm babies. (deccanherald.com)
  • and surfactant therapy to aid babies born with respiratory distress syndrome or RDS. (news-journalonline.com)
  • A respiratory failure that is characterized by deficiency of the surfactant coating the inner surface of the lungs, by failure of the lungs to expand and contract properly during breathing with resulting collapse, and by the accumulation of a protein-containing film lining the alveoli and their ducts. (ebi.ac.uk)
  • Neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (NRDS) is a serious medical condition where a newborn baby's lungs can't provide their body with enough oxygen. (axappphealthcare.co.uk)
  • Newborn respiratory distress syndrome (NRDS) happens when a baby's lungs aren't fully developed and can't provide enough oxygen, causing breathing difficulties. (axappphealthcare.co.uk)
  • For newborns to be able to breathe easily, the air sacs (alveoli) in the lungs must be able to remain open and filled with air. (merckmanuals.com)
  • In affected newborns, the lungs are stiff and the air sacs tend to collapse completely, emptying the lungs of air. (merckmanuals.com)
  • In some very premature newborns, the lungs may be so stiff that the newborns are unable to begin breathing at birth. (merckmanuals.com)
  • More commonly, newborns try to breathe, but because the lungs are so stiff, severe trouble breathing (respiratory distress) occurs. (merckmanuals.com)
  • This medicine helps your baby's lungs make surfactant and helps prevent respiratory distress syndrome. (merckmanuals.com)
  • BACKGROUND The respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in premature newborns has been etiologically correlated to immature lungs and specifically with surfactant deficiency. (semanticscholar.org)
  • The lungs and respiratory system allow oxygen in the air to be taken into the body, while also enabling the body to get rid of carbon dioxide in the air breathed out. (kidshealth.org)
  • Sometimes a newborn baby has lungs that are not expanded properly. (cochrane.org)
  • An artificial surfactant may be introduced into the lungs if a newborn is at high risk for IRDS. (infoplease.com)
  • In conclusion, serum calprotectin is an accurate marker of sepsis in very low birth weight newborns. (hindawi.com)
  • Among infants, the most common preeclampsia-related problems are respiratory distress syndrome and sepsis . (medicinenet.com)
  • A main principle for treatment of these infants was initiation of nasal CPAP at the first signs of respiratory distress after birth. (aappublications.org)
  • Infants with transient tachypnea of the newborn present within the first few hours of life with tachypnea and other signs of respiratory distress, increased oxygen requirement, and ABGs that do not reflect carbon dioxide retention. (medscape.com)
  • 30 weeks' gestation with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) who had an arterial to alveolar oxygen tension ratio (a/AP o 2 ) of 0.35 to 0.22. (aappublications.org)
  • The diagnosis of RDS was based on at least two of the four classic symptoms: need of supplemental oxygen, tachypnea, intercostal retractions and grunting, and exclusion of other causes of respiratory failure. (aappublications.org)
  • If low oxygen levels in the blood cannot be improved with treatment, the syndrome may cause brain damage or death. (merckmanuals.com)
  • Oxygen is given, continuous positive airway pressure can be used to keep the air sacs open, and a ventilator may be necessary if breathing becomes too difficult for the newborn. (merckmanuals.com)
  • Following administration of Infasurf, patients should be carefully monitored so that oxygen therapy and ventilatory support can be modified in response to changes in respiratory status. (infasurf.com)
  • We evaluated heart rate (HR), respiratory rate (RR), systolic (SAP), mean (MAP) and diastolic arterial pressure (DAP), temperature and oxygen saturation (SO 2 %) in 44 newborns with respiratory distress syndrome. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Mortality rates in children with pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome (PARDS) are higher in Asia compared to other regions. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Recent meta-analyses have confirmed that exogenous surfactant treatment decreases overall morbidity and mortality in preterm newborns with RDS. (medscape.com)
  • Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) is one of the most common causes of neonatal respiratory failure and mortality. (tums.pub)
  • No improvement in respiratory status or mortality was noted. (cochrane.org)
  • The clinical data of 925 preterm infants with respiratory distress were collected and divided into 4 groups. (medscimonit.com)
  • de Lemos RA, Tomasovic JJ (1978) Effects of positive pressure ventilation on cerebral blood flow in the newborn infant. (springer.com)
  • Evidence for this recommendation was extracted from a Cochrane review that evaluated the effects of early surfactant administration (within the first 2 hours of birth) for preterm newborns intubated for radiological and/or clinical features of RDS requiring assisted ventilation (13). (who.int)
  • Meconium aspiration syndrome is thought to occur in utero as a result of fetal distress by hypoxia. (aafp.org)
  • Oronasopharyngeal suctioning before shoulder delivery does not prevent meconium aspiration syndrome. (aafp.org)
  • What are the symptoms of respiratory distress syndrome? (merckmanuals.com)
  • Doctors suspect respiratory distress syndrome based on your baby's symptoms. (merckmanuals.com)
  • In intubated preterm newborns with respiratory distress syndrome, surfactant should be administered early (within the first 2 hours after birth) rather than waiting for the symptoms to worsen before giving rescue therapy. (who.int)
  • Respiratory distress describes symptoms related to breathing problems. (nationwidechildrens.org)
  • A recent case report from the researchers at the University of São Paulo, published in the journal CLINICS, shows how newborns can also be infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and develop serious symptoms, even though the most likely route of infection in such cases is still not completely clear. (news-medical.net)
  • What are the symptoms of transient tachypnea of the newborn? (ahealthyme.com)
  • The symptoms of this breathing problem may be similar to other more serious respiratory problems. (ahealthyme.com)
  • Often transient tachypnea of the newborn is diagnosed when symptoms suddenly go away by the third day of life. (ahealthyme.com)
  • The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 pandemic causing COVID-19 disease affects hundreds of thousands of patients. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Currently the use of corticosteroids is not recommended during a severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors in late pregnancy may cause persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn. (aafp.org)
  • These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term "Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension of the Newborn. (fpnotebook.com)
  • The test was "positive," indicating fetal pulmonary maturity, in 37 cases and none of these infants developed respiratory distress syndrome (R.D.S.). In only one of these cases, however, was gestation less than 37 weeks. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The newborn patient exhibits CYANOSIS and ACIDOSIS due to the persistence of fetal circulatory pattern of right-to-left shunting of blood through a patent ductus arteriosus (DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS, PATENT) and at times a patent foramen ovale (FORAMEN OVALE, PATENT). (fpnotebook.com)
  • European consensus guidelines on the management of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Despite recent advances in the perinatal management of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), controversies still exist. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Soll R, Özek E. Digoxin for preventing or treating neonatal respiratory distress syndrome. (cochrane.org)
  • Curosurf) has shown efficacy in neonatal respiratory distress syndrome. (curehunter.com)
  • and total pulmonary resistance, RL) at 1 year of corrected age in infants with neonatal respiratory distress syndrome treated with natural porcine surfactant (Curosurf) (n = 13), as compared to nontreated control infants (n = 9). (curehunter.com)
  • Pneumocystis jirovecii colonization is frequent in preterm births and could be a risk factor to develop respiratory distress syndrome among preterm infants. (uchile.cl)
  • Surfactant replacement therapy is recommended for intubated and ventilated newborns with respiratory distress syndrome. (who.int)
  • A neonatal intensive care unit ( NICU ), also known as an intensive care nursery ( ICN ), is an intensive care unit specializing in the care of ill or premature newborn infants . (wikipedia.org)
  • NICU is typically directed by one or more neonatologists and staffed by nurses , [3] nurse practitioners , pharmacists , physician assistants , resident physicians, respiratory therapists , and dietitians . (wikipedia.org)
  • The Newborn Intensive Care Unit (NICU) at Children's Hospital & Medical Center, where neonatology services are delivered, is well-equipped with the staff, technology, and expertise to provide the tiniest patients with the extra-special care they need. (childrensomaha.org)
  • Whether your newborn is in the NICU for a few days or several weeks, we keep you closely apprised of what's happening with your child. (childrensomaha.org)
  • The stable microbubble test on gastric aspirate and on amniotic fluid has been used for the diagnosis of respiratory distress syndrome in the newborn . (bvsalud.org)
  • Clements JA, Platzker ACG, Tierney DF et al (1972) Assessment of the risk of the respiratory distress syndrome by a rapid test for surfactant in amniotic fluid. (springer.com)
  • Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) of the newborn is bleeding into the fluid-filled areas (ventricles) inside the brain. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Noninfectious acute respiratory disease develops in approximately 1% of all newborn infants and results in admission to a critical care unit. (medscape.com)
  • See acute respiratory distress syndrome. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Clinical Manifestations and Assessment of Respiratory Disease, 8th Edition gives you a fundamental knowledge and understanding that is required to successfully assess and treat patients with respiratory diseases. (elsevier.com)
  • New to this edition is a chapter detailing Respiratory Insufficiency in the Patient with Neuro-Respiratory Disease , along with revised content which takes a deeper dive into latest developments, research, and practices and protocols in the treatment of respiratory disease. (elsevier.com)
  • Revised content in the disease sections reflect the latest developments, research, and practices and protocols in the treatment of respiratory disease. (elsevier.com)
  • Transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN) is a self-limited disease commonly seen in neonates throughout the world and is encountered by all physicians who take care of newborn infants. (medscape.com)
  • Influenza A viruses of subtype H5N1 also caused severe respiratory disease in humans in Hong Kong in 1997 and 2003, including at least seven fatal cases, posing a serious human pandemic threat. (pnas.org)
  • Now in full color, Clinical Manifestations and Assessment of Respiratory Disease, 6th Edition bridges normal physiology and pathophysiology to provide a solid foundation in recognizing and assessing conditions. (elsevier.com)
  • RDS is the most common cause of respiratory failure during the first days after birth. (medscape.com)
  • Although hemodynamic disturbances play a role in the overall pathogenesis of respiratory distress syndrome, the specific contribution of early congestive heart failure (unrelated to hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus) does not appear to be a significant factor in RDS. (cochrane.org)
  • is part of the syndrome of congestive heart failure. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Our data indicate that respiratory failure after neonatal meconium aspiration may be influenced favorably by treatment with exogenous surfactant. (curehunter.com)
  • Short description: Resp failure of newborn. (icd9data.com)
  • Persistent pulmonary hypertension (PPHN) of the newborn is a relatively rare, yet potentially very serious condition. (empowher.com)
  • Treatment for PPHN is typically administered by a neonatologist, a doctor who specializes in newborn illnesses. (empowher.com)
  • The clinical presentation of respiratory distress in the newborn includes apnea, cyanosis, grunting, inspiratory stridor, nasal flaring, poor feeding, and tachypnea (more than 60 breaths per minute). (aafp.org)
  • A newborn baby's delicate skin is prone to a wide array of conditions. (myhealth.gov.my)
  • A condition of the newborn marked by DYSPNEA with CYANOSIS, heralded by such prodromal signs as dilatation of the alae nasi, expiratory grunt, and retraction of the suprasternal notch or costal margins, mostly frequently occurring in premature infants, children of diabetic mothers, and infants delivered by cesarean section, and sometimes with no apparent predisposing cause. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Respiratory distress syndrome occurs almost exclusively in premature newborns but may also occur in full-term and near full-term newborns whose mother had diabetes while pregnant . (merckmanuals.com)
  • Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) occurs most often in infants who are born too early. (restonhospital.com)
  • Respiratory distress occurs in approximately 7 percent of infants, 1 and preparation is crucial for physicians providing neonatal care. (aafp.org)
  • Transient tachypnea of the newborn occurs in mature newborns with mature surfactant pathways and poorly developed respiratory epithelial Na + transport, whereas neonatal RDS occurs in infants with both premature surfactant pathways and immature Na + transport. (medscape.com)
  • Objective To investigate the relationship between single nucleotide polymorphisms of surfactant protein C (SP-C) gene and respiratory distress syndrome (RDS)in the Han nationality newborns in Inner Mongolia and whether there is a mutation occurs on SP-C gene exon 4 and 5. (bvsalud.org)
  • If distress occurs in the neonatal period, early surgery is often necessary. (clinicaladvisor.com)
  • Rarely, this syndrome is caused by a mutation in certain genes that causes a deficiency of surfactant. (merckmanuals.com)
  • This deficiency of surfactant is related to an inhibition from the insulin that is produced in the newborn, especially those of diabetic mothers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Recommendations to improve healthcare of neonates with respiratory insufficiency beneficiaries of Seguro Popular. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Because pulmonary development continues well into early childhood, respiratory morbidity is relatively common in neonates delivered in the early-term period. (acog.org)
  • Although, full-term neonates may have lower lamellar body counts, suggesting diminished surfactant function and association with prolonged tachypnea of newborns. (medscape.com)
  • Various modes of non-invasive respiratory support are increasingly being used to decrease the incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia. (springer.com)
  • RDS is the most common respiratory disorder related to prematurity and one of the most widespread causes of fatality in infants ( 3 , 4 ). (comprped.com)
  • Transient tachypnea of the newborn is generally a self-resolving disorder with excellent prognosis. (medscape.com)
  • Transient hyperammonemia of the newborn (THAN) is an idiopathic disorder occasionally present in preterm newborns but not always symptomatic. (wikipedia.org)
  • Aim The diseases of newborns which involve oxidative stress are: respiratory distress (RDS), bronchopulmonary dysplasia, retinopathy and necrotizing enterocolitis. (bmj.com)
  • If the amount of ammonia entering the brain is increased, neurological disorders such as urea cycle enzyme deficiencies, Reye syndrome, seizures, and encephalopathies may occur. (wikipedia.org)