Bronchiolitis: Inflammation of the BRONCHIOLES.Lung Diseases, Interstitial: A diverse group of lung diseases that affect the lung parenchyma. They are characterized by an initial inflammation of PULMONARY ALVEOLI that extends to the interstitium and beyond leading to diffuse PULMONARY FIBROSIS. Interstitial lung diseases are classified by their etiology (known or unknown causes), and radiological-pathological features.Bronchiolitis, Viral: An acute inflammatory disease of the lower RESPIRATORY TRACT, caused by paramyxoviruses, occurring primarily in infants and young children; the viruses most commonly implicated are PARAINFLUENZA VIRUS TYPE 3; RESPIRATORY SYNCYTIAL VIRUS, HUMAN; and METAPNEUMOVIRUS.Bronchiolitis Obliterans: Inflammation of the BRONCHIOLES leading to an obstructive lung disease. Bronchioles are characterized by fibrous granulation tissue with bronchial exudates in the lumens. Clinical features include a nonproductive cough and DYSPNEA.Cryptogenic Organizing Pneumonia: An interstitial lung disease of unknown etiology, occurring between 21-80 years of age. It is characterized by a dramatic onset of a "pneumonia-like" illness with cough, fever, malaise, fatigue, and weight loss. Pathological features include prominent interstitial inflammation without collagen fibrosis, diffuse fibroblastic foci, and no microscopic honeycomb change. There is excessive proliferation of granulation tissue within small airways and alveolar ducts.Lung Transplantation: The transference of either one or both of the lungs from one human or animal to another.Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections: Pneumovirus infections caused by the RESPIRATORY SYNCYTIAL VIRUSES. Humans and cattle are most affected but infections in goats and sheep have been reported.Racepinephrine: A racemic mixture of d-epinephrine and l-epinephrine.Respiratory Syncytial Viruses: A group of viruses in the PNEUMOVIRUS genus causing respiratory infections in various mammals. Humans and cattle are most affected but infections in goats and sheep have also been reported.Respiratory Syncytial Virus, Human: The type species of PNEUMOVIRUS and an important cause of lower respiratory disease in infants and young children. It frequently presents with bronchitis and bronchopneumonia and is further characterized by fever, cough, dyspnea, wheezing, and pallor.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Respiratory Sounds: Noises, normal and abnormal, heard on auscultation over any part of the RESPIRATORY TRACT.Pulmonary Medicine: A subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the study of the RESPIRATORY SYSTEM. It is especially concerned with diagnosis and treatment of diseases and defects of the lungs and bronchial tree.Spirometry: Measurement of volume of air inhaled or exhaled by the lung.Pierre Robin Syndrome: Congenital malformation characterized by MICROGNATHIA or RETROGNATHIA; GLOSSOPTOSIS and CLEFT PALATE. The mandibular abnormalities often result in difficulties in sucking and swallowing. The syndrome may be isolated or associated with other syndromes (e.g., ANDERSEN SYNDROME; CAMPOMELIC DYSPLASIA). Developmental mis-expression of SOX9 TRANSCRIPTION FACTOR gene on chromosome 17q and its surrounding region is associated with the syndrome.Sarcoma Viruses, Feline: Species of GAMMARETROVIRUS isolated from fibrosarcoma in cats. The viruses are actually recombinant feline leukemia viruses (FeLV) where part of the genome has been replaced by cellular oncogenes. It is unique to individuals and not transmitted naturally to other cats. FeSVs are replication defective and require FeLV to reproduce.EuropeAwards and PrizesMetabolomics: The systematic identification and quantitation of all the metabolic products of a cell, tissue, organ, or organism under varying conditions. The METABOLOME of a cell or organism is a dynamic collection of metabolites which represent its net response to current conditions.Canada: The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.Alberta: A province of western Canada, lying between the provinces of British Columbia and Saskatchewan. Its capital is Edmonton. It was named in honor of Princess Louise Caroline Alberta, the fourth daughter of Queen Victoria. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p26 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p12)Electronic Mail: Messages between computer users via COMPUTER COMMUNICATION NETWORKS. This feature duplicates most of the features of paper mail, such as forwarding, multiple copies, and attachments of images and other file types, but with a speed advantage. The term also refers to an individual message sent in this way.Metapneumovirus: A genus of the subfamily PNEUMOVIRINAE, containing two members: Turkey rhinotracheitis virus and a human Metapneumovirus. Virions lack HEMAGGLUTININ and NEURAMINIDASE.Paramyxoviridae Infections: Infections with viruses of the family PARAMYXOVIRIDAE. This includes MORBILLIVIRUS INFECTIONS; RESPIROVIRUS INFECTIONS; PNEUMOVIRUS INFECTIONS; HENIPAVIRUS INFECTIONS; AVULAVIRUS INFECTIONS; and RUBULAVIRUS INFECTIONS.International Classification of Diseases: A system of categories to which morbid entries are assigned according to established criteria. Included is the entire range of conditions in a manageable number of categories, grouped to facilitate mortality reporting. It is produced by the World Health Organization (From ICD-10, p1). The Clinical Modifications, produced by the UNITED STATES DEPT. OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, are larger extensions used for morbidity and general epidemiological purposes, primarily in the U.S.Databases, Factual: Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.Clinical Coding: Process of substituting a symbol or code for a term such as a diagnosis or procedure. (from Slee's Health Care Terms, 3d ed.)Biopsy: Removal and pathologic examination of specimens in the form of small pieces of tissue from the living body.Bronchoscopy: Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the bronchi.Carmine: Coloring matter from the insect Coccus cacti L. It is used in foods, pharmaceuticals, toiletries, etc., as a dye, and also has use as a microscopic stain and biological marker.Human bocavirus: A member of the family PARVOVIRIDAE, subfamily PARVOVIRINAE, originally isolated from human nasopharyngeal aspirates in patients with respiratory disease.Coronavirus OC43, Human: A species in the genus CORONAVIRUS causing the common cold and possibly nervous system infections in humans. It contains hemagglutinin-esterase.Bocavirus: A genus in the subfamily PARVOVIRINAE comprising three species: Bovine parvovirus, Canine minute virus, and HUMAN BOCAVIRUS.Parvoviridae Infections: Virus infections caused by the PARVOVIRIDAE.Lung Diseases: Pathological processes involving any part of the LUNG.Pulmonary Fibrosis: A process in which normal lung tissues are progressively replaced by FIBROBLASTS and COLLAGEN causing an irreversible loss of the ability to transfer oxygen into the bloodstream via PULMONARY ALVEOLI. Patients show progressive DYSPNEA finally resulting in death.Lung: Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.Dermatomyositis: A subacute or chronic inflammatory disease of muscle and skin, marked by proximal muscle weakness and a characteristic skin rash. The illness occurs with approximately equal frequency in children and adults. The skin lesions usually take the form of a purplish rash (or less often an exfoliative dermatitis) involving the nose, cheeks, forehead, upper trunk, and arms. The disease is associated with a complement mediated intramuscular microangiopathy, leading to loss of capillaries, muscle ischemia, muscle-fiber necrosis, and perifascicular atrophy. The childhood form of this disease tends to evolve into a systemic vasculitis. Dermatomyositis may occur in association with malignant neoplasms. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1405-6)Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis: A common interstitial lung disease of unknown etiology, usually occurring between 50-70 years of age. Clinically, it is characterized by an insidious onset of breathlessness with exertion and a nonproductive cough, leading to progressive DYSPNEA. Pathological features show scant interstitial inflammation, patchy collagen fibrosis, prominent fibroblast proliferation foci, and microscopic honeycomb change.Gilbert Disease: A benign familial disorder, transmitted as an autosomal dominant trait. It is characterized by low-grade chronic hyperbilirubinemia with considerable daily fluctuations of the bilirubin level.Coffee: A beverage made from ground COFFEA beans (SEEDS) infused in hot water. It generally contains CAFFEINE and THEOPHYLLINE unless it is decaffeinated.Transplantation, Heterotopic: Transplantation of tissue typical of one area to a different recipient site. The tissue may be autologous, heterologous, or homologous.Human papillomavirus 11: A type of ALPHAPAPILLOMAVIRUS causing recurrent respiratory PAPILLOMATOSIS; GENITAL WARTS; and other neoplasms.Papilloma: A circumscribed benign epithelial tumor projecting from the surrounding surface; more precisely, a benign epithelial neoplasm consisting of villous or arborescent outgrowths of fibrovascular stroma covered by neoplastic cells. (Stedman, 25th ed)Human papillomavirus 6: A type of ALPHAPAPILLOMAVIRUS usually associated with GENITAL WARTS; and LARYNGEAL NEOPLASMS.Hemoptysis: Expectoration or spitting of blood originating from any part of the RESPIRATORY TRACT, usually from hemorrhage in the lung parenchyma (PULMONARY ALVEOLI) and the BRONCHIAL ARTERIES.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.Respiratory Tract NeoplasmsManagement Information Systems: Systems designed to provide information primarily concerned with the administrative functions associated with the provision and utilization of services; also includes program planning, etc.Airway Obstruction: Any hindrance to the passage of air into and out of the lungs.Pain Management: A form of therapy that employs a coordinated and interdisciplinary approach for easing the suffering and improving the quality of life of those experiencing pain.Asthma: A form of bronchial disorder with three distinct components: airway hyper-responsiveness (RESPIRATORY HYPERSENSITIVITY), airway INFLAMMATION, and intermittent AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION. It is characterized by spasmodic contraction of airway smooth muscle, WHEEZING, and dyspnea (DYSPNEA, PAROXYSMAL).Respiratory Insufficiency: Failure to adequately provide oxygen to cells of the body and to remove excess carbon dioxide from them. (Stedman, 25th ed)
... respiratory bronchiolitis; BIP=bronchiolitis obliterans interstitial pneumonia; OP=organizing pneumonia; LIP=lymphoid ... This joint statement of the American Thoracic Society (ATS), and the European Respiratory Society (ERS) was adopted by the ATS ... ISBN 978-0-443-06631-3. American Thoracic, Society; European Respiratory, Society (January 2002). "American Thoracic Society/ ... European Respiratory Society International Multidisciplinary Consensus Classification of the Idiopathic Interstitial Pneumonias ...
"Whole blood gene expression in infants with respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis". BMC Infectious Diseases. 6: 175. doi: ...
... es can cause diseases that range from a less-severe upper-respiratory illness to severe bronchiolitis or ... human respiratory syncytial virus •Bos primigenius: bovine respiratory syncytial virus •Rodentia = murine pneumonia virus Mild ... Human respiratory syncytial virus (HRSV) is the most known orthopneumovirus because of its direct correlation and importance in ... The genus Orthopneumovirus consists of pathogens that target the upper respiratory tract within their specific hosts. Every ...
... additional forms of primary bronchiolitis include bronchiolitis obliterans, follicular bronchiolitis, respiratory bronchiolitis ... The eventual result of DPB can be respiratory failure and heart problems. The term "bronchiolitis" generally refers to ... DPB and bronchiolitis obliterans are two forms of primary bronchiolitis. Specific overlapping features of both diseases include ... DPB is classified as a form of "primary bronchiolitis", which means that the underlying cause of bronchiolitis is originating ...
When inhaled the vapor produces a direct inflammatory effect on the respiratory tract. Respiratory damage is related to the ... some patients develop bronchiolitis obliterans progressing to ARDS. Bronchiolitis obliterans with organized pneumonia can ensue ... 1998) Persistent respiratory effects in survivors of the Bhopal disaster. Thorax 53:S43-6. Demnati R, Fraser R, Ghezzo H, ... The most common cause of death in burn centers is now respiratory failure. The September 11 attacks in 2001 and forest fires in ...
The long-term effects regarding respiratory flow resistance are unknown. E-cigarettes could harm the respiratory system. The ... A 2014 case report observed the correlation between sub-acute bronchiolitis and vaping. After quitting vaping the symptoms ... A Position Statement of the Forum of International Respiratory Societies". American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care ... The effects of e-cigarette use in respect to asthma and other respiratory diseases are unknown. A 2015 review found e- ...
... after onset of bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome in lung transplant recipients". American Journal of Respiratory and Critical ... Airflow obstruction not ascribable to other cause is labeled bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS), confirmed by a persistent ... Lau, CL; Patterson, GA (Nov 2003). "Current status of lung transplantation". The European respiratory journal. Supplement. 47: ... In histopathology the condition is bronchiolitis obliterans, which clinically presents as progressive airflow obstruction, ...
Interleukin-9 production in the lungs of infants with severe respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis. Lancet 2004; 363(9414 ... Lancet Respiratory Medicine. 2013; 1(2) 121-128. Everitt AR, Clare S, Pertel T, John SP, Wash RS, Smith SE, Chin CR, Feeley EM ... Respiratory Syncytial Virus binds and undergoes transcription in neutrophils in the blood and airways of infants with severe ... Fellow of the European Respiratory Society (2014), Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) for services to the ...
2009). "Genetic susceptibility to respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis in preterm children is associated with airway ... 2007). "Genetic susceptibility to respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis is predominantly associated with innate immune ... 2010). "Interleukin-9 polymorphism in infants with respiratory syncytial virus infection: an opposite effect in boys and girls ...
2009). "Genetic susceptibility to respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis in preterm children is associated with airway ... 2007). "Genetic susceptibility to respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis is predominantly associated with innate immune ...
Acute respiratory infection such as pneumonia, bronchitis, and bronchiolitis account for 30% of childhood deaths; 95% of ... of those dying of respiratory distress syndrome, 25% dying of other respiratory conditions, and 24% dying of sudden infant ... Carbon monoxide is a colorless, odorless gas that does great harm especially to infants because of their immature respiratory ... The burning of inefficient fuels doubles the rate of children under 5 years old with acute respiratory tract infections. ...
Inhalation of hypertonic saline has also been shown to help in other respiratory problems, specifically bronchiolitis. ... hypertonic saline with epinephrine in the treatment of acute bronchiolitis in the emergency department."". J Popul Ther Clin ...
... respiratory bronchiolitis-interstitial lung disease [RB-ILD] and desquamative interstitial pneumonia [DIP]); and acute/subacute ... increased respiratory rate, and eventual respiratory distress. Prognosis is generally poor. A number of agents are currently ... European Respiratory, society.; Japanese Respiratory, Society.; Latin American Thoracic, Association. (15 July 2015). "An ... An Update of the 2011 Clinical Practice Guideline". American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine. 192 (2): e3-19 ...
... severe lower respiratory tract infection, croup and bronchiolitis. The virus is found primarily in young children, the elderly ... bronchiolitis, pneumonia, and croup. An early study investigating children with lower respiratory tract illness, found that ... While the clinical presentation of the virus can be severe, it has also been found in mild cases of respiratory infection. The ... The virus is able to survive for up to seven days in respiratory secretions and remains infective at room temperature Once the ...
These viral respiratory infections are mostly caused by respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and human rhinovirus (HRV). Although ... HRV on the other hand is an important cause of bronchiolitis and is strongly associated with asthma development. In children ... It may cause injury to the respiratory epithelial cell after its attachment. The injury of host epithelial cells caused by M. ... 2007), M. pneumonia can persist in the respiratory tract up to several months after recovery from acute pneumonia. In fact, M. ...
"American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. 175 (11): 1192-8. doi:10.1164/rccm.200609-1344OC. PMC 1899272. PMID ... Airflow obstruction not ascribable to other cause is labeled bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS), confirmed by a persistent ... Lau, CL; Patterson, GA (Nov 2003). "Current status of lung transplantation". The European Respiratory Journal. Supplement. 47: ... lymphocytic bronchiolitis, and graft dysfunction (e.g., airway ischemia). ...
HPIV-3 is associated with bronchiolitis, bronchitis, and pneumonia. HPIV-4 is less common than the other types, and is known to ... The human parainfluenza viruses (HPIV) are the second most common causes of respiratory tract disease in infants and children. ... These include mumps, measles, which caused around 733,000 deaths in 2000, and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), which is the ... Diseases associated with this negative-sense single-stranded RNA virus family include measles, mumps, and respiratory tract ...
"Genetic susceptibility to respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis in preterm children is associated with airway remodeling ... T cells and initiates innate immune responses against bacterial pathogens especially in epithelial cells such as respiratory ...
2009). "Genetic susceptibility to respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis in preterm children is associated with airway ... 2010). "Interleukin-9 polymorphism in infants with respiratory syncytial virus infection: an opposite effect in boys and girls ...
"Treatment of Respiratory Syncytial Virus Bronchiolitis and Pneumonia in a Cotton Rat Model with Systemically Administered ... Gregory A. Prince; David D. Porter (1996). "Treatment of Parainfluenza Virus Type 3 Bronchiolitis and Pneumonia in a Cotton Rat ... Marina S. Boukhvalova; Gregory A. Prince; Jorge C. G. Blanco (2009). "The cotton rat model of respiratory viral infections". ... Building on discoveries that Prince made as a doctoral student, VSI pioneered the prevention of respiratory syncytial virus ( ...
Respiratory system: Pneumonia Bronchiolitis Bronchospasm (e.g. asthma) Pulmonary hypertension Pulmonary embolism ...
This may include, among others: empyema, lung abscess, bronchiolitis obliterans, acute respiratory distress syndrome, sepsis, ... Pneumonia can cause respiratory failure by triggering acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), which results from a ... Pneumonia frequently starts as an upper respiratory tract infection that moves into the lower respiratory tract. It is a type ... respiratory bronchiolitis interstitial lung disease, and usual interstitial pneumonia. ...
Genetic susceptibility to respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis in preterm children is associated with airway remodeling ... Genetic susceptibility to respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis is predominantly associated with innate immune genes.. J. ...
It manifests as dyspnea and progresses to bronchiolitis obliterans (non-reversible obstructive lung disease) via an unknown ... which are involved in the intracellular attachment structures in various levels of the skin/respiratory tract/membranes ( ... 1/3 of the deaths from PNP stem from pulmonary insufficiency which is brought about by the action of PNP on the respiratory ...
Diseases of the bronchioles include asthma, bronchiolitis obliterans, respiratory syncytial virus infections, and influenza. ... Club cells, a stem cell of the respiratory system, produce enzymes that detoxify substances dissolved in the respiratory fluid ... Terminal bronchioles mark the end of the conducting division of air flow in the respiratory system while respiratory ... The respiratory bronchioles are the narrowest airways of the lungs, one fiftieth of an inch across. The bronchi divide many ...
呼吸性細支氣管炎伴間質性肺病（英语：Respiratory bronchiolitis interstitial lung disease） ... 呼吸系統病理學（J，460-519（英语：List of ICD-9 codes 460-519: diseases of the respiratory system）），呼吸系統疾病 ... and Respiratory Indices in a Murine Model of Mycoplasma pneumoniae Lower Respiratory Infection. Antimicrob Agents
... genes of human metapneumovirus in bronchoalveolar fluid from 30 infants with severe respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis. ... Such coinfection might be a factor influencing the severity of bronchiolitis. ... Human Metapneumovirus in Severe Respiratory Syncytial Virus Bronchiolitis Julie Greensill*, Paul S. McNamara*, Winifred Dove*, ...
The overlap between respiratory bronchiolitis and desquamative interstitial pneumonia in pulmonary Langerhans cell ... a lesion referred to as respiratory bronchiolitis, which may mimic desquamative interstitial pneumonia both radiologically and ...
Living-donor lobar lung transplantation for bronchiolitis obliterans after Stevens-Johnson syndrome. Journal of Thoracic and ... Living-donor lobar lung transplantation for bronchiolitis obliterans after Stevens-Johnson syndrome. In: Journal of Thoracic ... Living-donor lobar lung transplantation for bronchiolitis obliterans after Stevens-Johnson syndrome. / Date, Hiroshi; Sano, ... title = "Living-donor lobar lung transplantation for bronchiolitis obliterans after Stevens-Johnson syndrome", ...
"Respiratory bronchiolitis, respiratory bronchiolitis-associated interstitial lung disease, and desquamative interstitial ... Respiratory bronchiolitis interstitial lung disease refers to a form of idiopathic interstitial pneumonia associated with ... When associated with disease, it is known as "Respiratory bronchiolitis-associated interstitial lung disease" or "RB-ILD". The ... bronchiolitis "Idiopathic Interstitial Pneumonias: Interstitial Lung Diseases: Merck Manual Professional". Retrieved 2008-12-09 ...
... does not contribute to the severity of RSV bronchiolitis any more than it contributes to the severity of non-RSV bronchiolitis ... Immunopathogenesis of respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis J Infect Dis. 2007 May 15;195(10):1532-40. doi: 10.1086/515575 ... RSV bronchiolitis was associated with a greater inflammatory response than was non-RSV bronchiolitis, although RSV infection ... Background: The objective of this study was to elucidate the relation between respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection and ...
It is RSV Bronchiolitis season at our hospital and we have a question about the kids who come ... It is RSV Bronchiolitis season at our hospital and we have a question about the kids who come in with respiratory distress ... A. Do we query for acute respiratory distress? Or do we consider the respiratory distress an integral part of the rsv ... Do we query every time pt comes in with respiratory distress for the acuity? C. If we get acute respiratory distress (518.82) ...
Early diagnosis of bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome diagnosis after lung transplantation using functional respiratory imaging ... Constrictive (obliterative) bronchiolitis as presenting manifestation of connective tissue disease Antonella Arcadu, Jay Ryu ... Influence of respiratory viruses on airflow decline after allogenic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation Camille de Seynes, ... European Respiratory Journal Sep 2016, 48 (suppl 60) PA4642; DOI: 10.1183/13993003.congress-2016.PA4642 ...
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) bronchiolitis resulting in respiratory insufficiency is frequently encountered during the ... Immunological mechanisms of severe respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis.. Bont L1, Kimpen JL. ... low virus-specific antibody titres prior to RSV bronchiolitis have been shown to be a risk factor for severe RSV bronchiolitis ... Pre-existent cardiac or pulmonary compromises have been documented as clinical risk factors for severe RSV bronchiolitis. In ...
This project is supported by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (award #111062), Alberta Innovates - Health Solutions, and by The Metabolomics Innovation Centre (TMIC), a nationally-funded research and core facility that supports a wide range of cutting-edge metabolomic studies. TMIC is funded by Genome Alberta, Genome British Columbia, and Genome Canada, a not-for-profit organization that is leading Canadas national genomics strategy with funding from the federal government. Maintenance, support, and commercial licensing is provided by OMx Personal Health Analytics, Inc. Designed by Educe Design & Innovation Inc. ...
Mild chronic bronchiolitis with smooth muscle hypertrophy and irregular fibrosis with luminal distortion of respiratory and ... Mild chronic bronchiolitis. 5. Mild chronic bronchiolitis, pulmonary vascular remodelling with intimal thickening, normal lung ... Chronic obliterating bronchiolitis. 13. Bronchiolitis obliterans with mucoid impaction. Many neutrophils inside the mucus plugs ... Chronic bronchiolitis, intraalveolar haemorrhage. 9. Patchy nonspecific lymphocytic pneumonitis with lymphocytic bronchiolitis ...
... J ... Purpose: The purpose of this work was to describe the radiographic and CT findings in patients with respiratory bronchiolitis- ... The extent of centrilobular nodules correlated with the extent of macrophages in respiratory bronchioles ( r = 0.53, p = 0.03) ... and with chronic inflammation of respiratory bronchioles ( r = 0.57, p = 0.02). The extent of ground-glass opacity correlated ...
Study of 8-year-old children with a history of respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis in infancy. Br Med J 1978; 1 :11 ... Study of 8-year-old children with a history of respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis in infancy.. Br Med J 1978; 1 doi: ... Thirty-five children known to have had respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis in infancy were examined at the age of 8 and ... Study of 8-year-old children with a history of respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis in infancy. ...
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the major cause of bronchiolitis in infants. In the acute phase, bronchiolitis is often ... respiratory syncytial virus. REFERENCES. *↵. Welliver RC, Cherry JD. Bronchiolitis and infectious asthma. In: Feigin RD, Cherry ... Previously Healthy Infants May Have Increased Risk of Aspiration During Respiratory Syncytial Viral Bronchiolitis. Vikram ... We studied the safety of oral feeding during respiratory syncytial viral (RSV) bronchiolitis in previously healthy infants. ...
Bronchiolitis. Respiratory Sounds. Bronchitis. Bronchial Diseases. Respiratory Tract Diseases. Lung Diseases, Obstructive. Lung ... Azithromycin to Prevent Wheezing Following Severe Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) Bronchiolitis (APW-RSV). The safety and ... Respiratory Symptoms Following RSV Bronchiolitis [ Time Frame: 3-52 weeks following randomization ]. Number of days with ... At least two of the following symptoms/signs of bronchiolitis: respiratory rate greater than 40 breaths/minute; cough; wheezing ...
Respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis during the first year of life apparently is an important risk factor for the ... Association of respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis with the interleukin 8 gene region in UK families ... Asthma and Immunoglobulin E Antibodies After Respiratory Syncytial Virus Bronchiolitis: A Prospective Cohort Study With Matched ... Asthma and Immunoglobulin E Antibodies After Respiratory Syncytial Virus Bronchiolitis: A Prospective Cohort Study With Matched ...
Single Dose of Furosemide to Improve Respiratory Distress in Moderate to Severe Bronchiolitis. The safety and scientific ... Bronchiolitis. Bronchitis. Bronchial Diseases. Respiratory Tract Diseases. Lung Diseases, Obstructive. Lung Diseases. ... Single Dose of Furosemide to Improve Respiratory Distress in Moderate to Severe Bronchiolitis. ... Respiratory Rate [ Time Frame: 2 hours after medication adminstration ]. *Respiratory Rate [ Time Frame: 4 hours after ...
Timing of bronchiolitis hospitalisations and respiratory syncytial virus immunoprophylaxis in non-metropolitan Western ... To the Editor: Bronchiolitis, most often associated with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), is a major cause of hospitalisation ... Palivizumab, a humanized respiratory syncytial virus monoclonal antibody, reduces hospitalization from respiratory syncytial ... We identified 11 988 hospitalisations for bronchiolitis throughout WA among 245 249 births. Most bronchiolitis admissions (81 ...
As part of a long term prospective study, 73 children who had been admitted to hospital with viral bronchiolitis as infants, ... In the postbronchiolitis group, there was a highly significant increase in respiratory symptoms including wheezing (42.5% v ... In addition, in a stepwise logistic regressional model, bronchiolitis remained a significant predictor of wheezing after ...
Home > 2012 ICD-9-CM Diagnosis Codes > Diseases Of The Respiratory System 460-519 > Other Diseases Of Respiratory System 510- ... Bronchiolitis with interstitital lung disease. *Respiratory bronchiolitis associated interstitial lung disease. *Respiratory ...
Final Diagnosis: Wedge biopsy, RLL: histological features of respiratory bronchiolitis; special stains negative for PCP Final ... Morphologically, this is respiratory bronchiolitis.. PCP stains are negative. There is no evidence of a granulomatous reaction ... Respiratory bronchiolitis - interstitial lung disease. Case contributed by A.Prof Frank Gaillard ◉ ◈ ... Final Diagnosis: Wedge biopsy, RLL: histological features of respiratory bronchiolitis; special stains negative for PCP ...
... blind placebo controlled trial of prednisolone in children admitted to hospital with respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis. ... blind placebo controlled trial of prednisolone in children admitted to hospital with respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis. ...
Conclusions: Although the major pathogen responsible for bronchiolitis remains RSV, the infection can also be caused by RV and ... of 14 viruses in infants with bronchiolitis and to study demographic and clinical differences in those with respiratory ... Methods: 182 infants aged ,12 months hospitalised for bronchiolitis were enrolled. Infants underwent nasal washing for the ... RV and hBoV bronchiolitis (mean±SD: 4.7+2.4 vs 4.3±2.4 vs 3.0±2.0 vs 2.9±1.7, p,0.05; and 6.0±3.2 vs 5.3±2.4 vs 4.0±1.6 vs 3.9± ...
Bronchiolitis (respiratory bronchiolitis, acute bronchiolitis, constrictive or obliterative bronchiolitis, follicular ... Bronchiolitis (respiratory bronchiolitis, acute bronchiolitis, constrictive or obliterative bronchiolitis, follicular ... acute bronchiolitis), smoking (respiratory bronchiolitis), immunodeficiency diseases (follicular bronchiolitis), Asian ancestry ... Respiratory bronchiolitis is a common, smoking-related disease that is generally not associated with significant respiratory ...
Respiratory Bronchiolitis-Associated Interstitial Lung Disease - Etiology, pathophysiology, symptoms, signs, diagnosis & ... Treatment of respiratory bronchiolitis-associated interstitial lung disease is smoking cessation and avoidance of even passive ... Respiratory bronchiolitis-associated interstitial lung disease (RBILD) is a syndrome of small airway inflammation and ... Diagnosis of respiratory bronchiolitis-associated interstitial lung disease is considered in patients being evaluated for ...
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the causative agent in more than 50% of cases of bronchiolitis, with mycoplasma pneumonia ... Hospital admissions for bronchiolitis in preterm infants in the absence of respiratory syncytial virus prophylaxis ... Hospital admissions for bronchiolitis in preterm infants in the absence of respiratory syncytial virus prophylaxis ... Palivizumab, a humanized respiratory syncytial virus monoclonal antibody, reduces hospitalisation from respiratory syncytial ...
InterstitialObliterativeCases of bronchiolitisAsthmaDistressInfectionsInfectionCauses bronchiolitisVirusChronicPediatricConstrictive bronchiolitisIllnessBronchitisVirusesUpper respiSymptoms of bronchiolitisIncidence of bronchiolitisInflammationInfancyInfantDiseasesMorbidityTractAspiration bronchiolitisAcute viralPulmonaryClinical features of bronchiolitisLungsMildMechanical ventilation
- The purpose of this work was to describe the radiographic and CT findings in patients with respiratory bronchiolitis-associated interstitial lung disease (RB-ILD) and to correlate them with clinical, physiologic, and pathologic features. (nih.gov)
- Respiratory bronchiolitis-associated interstitial lung disease (RBILD) is a syndrome of small airway inflammation and interstitial lung disease occurring in smokers. (msdmanuals.com)
- Diagnosis of respiratory bronchiolitis-associated interstitial lung disease is considered in patients being evaluated for interstitial lung disease. (msdmanuals.com)
- Treatment of respiratory bronchiolitis-associated interstitial lung disease is smoking cessation and avoidance of even passive cigarette smoke exposure, which may prevent improvement or lead to recurrence of the illness. (msdmanuals.com)
- For example, progressively worsening dyspnea and airflow obstruction in patients with solid organ or hematopoietic stem cell transplantation suggests the diagnosis of transplant-related bronchiolitis obliterans (or obliterative bronchiolitis), particularly if pulmonary infiltrates are not seen on chest imaging. (renalandurologynews.com)
- Long-term survival of lung transplantation is hindered by the development of obliterative bronchiolitis (OB). (biomedcentral.com)
- The main threat to long-term survival of lung transplantation is obliterative bronchiolitis (OB) along with its associated syndrome, bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS). (biomedcentral.com)
- Deaths from Nonmalignant Respiratory Disease in Styrene-Exposed Workers: Does Obliterative Bronchiolitis Contribute to Mortality? (cdc.gov)
- Bronchial epithelium is a target of the alloimmune response in lung transplantation, and intact epithelium may protect allografts from rejection and obliterative bronchiolitis (OB). (biomedcentral.com)
- In lung allografts the bronchial epithelium seems to be a target of the alloimmune response and an intact epithelium is capable of protecting the allografts from chronic rejection i.e. obliterative bronchiolitis (OB). (biomedcentral.com)
- Improved survival after lung transplantation continues at an accelerated rate while post lung-transplantation fibrotic constrictive obliterative bronchiolitis continues to be a major lifethreatening complication. (medscape.com)
- [ 38 ] There has been an explosion of research in the obliterative bronchiolitis lesion, with 853 publications from 1990 to 2005 [ 38 ] , and more than 1000 publications by the end of 2006. (medscape.com)
- Risk factors for lung-transplant obliterative bronchiolitis continue to evolve with the expansion of extensive research. (medscape.com)
- Popcorn lung is also known as obliterative bronchiolitis, bronchiolitis obliterans, or constrictive bronchiolitis. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- It's also known as obliterative bronchiolitis, and its symptoms can closely resemble the symptoms of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease ( COPD ). (verywell.com)
- Extrapulmonary and constitutional symptoms may be present in cases of bronchiolitis that are due to infection, as well as in patients with underlying systemic illness, such as connective tissue disease. (renalandurologynews.com)
- Steroid medications have also been shown to have limited use for many cases of bronchiolitis. (springfieldpeds.com)
- Most cases of bronchiolitis cannot be prevented because the viruses that cause the infection are common in the environment. (medlineplus.gov)
- Most cases of bronchiolitis are mild and don't need specific medical treatment. (kidshealth.org)
- The results suggest that bronchiolitis and childhood asthma are not closely related. (bmj.com)
- An analysis of risk factors for the development of asthma and IgE antibodies on the whole group of 140 children showed that RSV bronchiolitis was the most important risk factor, and a family history of atopy or asthma further increased the risk. (aappublications.org)
- Respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis during the first year of life apparently is an important risk factor for the development of asthma and sensitization to common allergens during the subsequent 2 years, particularly in children with heredity for atopy/asthma. (aappublications.org)
- In both asthma and bronchiolitis the initial management will depend on the severity of the presentation The patient should be placed on a pulse oximeter and supplemental oxygen provided if the saturations are below normal. (clinicalpainadvisor.com)
- For example, contemporary MV strategies for severe asthma totally differ from acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). (biomedcentral.com)
- Some asthma medicines help children with bronchiolitis. (medlineplus.gov)
- Kids who have had bronchiolitis might be more likely to develop asthma later in life. (kidshealth.org)
- It's not clear whether the illness causes or triggers asthma, or whether kids who later develop asthma were more prone to bronchiolitis as infants. (kidshealth.org)
- Hospitalizations have risen in high-income countries, there is substantial healthcare use, and bronchiolitis may be linked with preschool wheezing disorders and the child later developing asthma. (cochrane.org)
- People with other respiratory conditions, especially chronic conditions such as asthma , may not be able to tell new symptoms apart from long-term complaints. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Multivariate evaluation of possible risk factors for asthma and sensitization using a stepwise logistic statistical procedure for all 140 children showed that RSV bronchiolitis had the highest independent risk ratio for asthma (OR: 12.7, 95% CI 3.4 to 47.1) and a significantly elevated independent risk ratio for allergic sensitization (OR: 2.4, 95% CI 1.1 to 5.5). (lsh.is)
- In conclusion, RSV bronchiolitis in infancy severe enough to cause hospitalization was highly associatied with the development of asthma and allergic sensitization up to age 7(1)/ (2). (lsh.is)
- Severe respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis in infancy and asthma and allergy at age 13. (lsh.is)
- Determinants of asthma after severe respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis. (lsh.is)
- Within the first 5 years of life, 56 615 children had at least one admission for acute respiratory infections, 24 088 for bronchiolitis and 7549 for asthma. (bmj.com)
- Maternal smoking significantly increased admission for acute respiratory infections (adjusted HR 1.29, 95% CI 1.25 to 1.34, PAF 6.7%) and bronchiolitis (HR 1.43, 95% CI 1.38 to 1.48 under 1 year, PAF 10.1%), asthma (HR 1.29, 95% CI 1.22 to 1.37 age 1-5 years, PAF 7.1%) and bacterial meningitis (HR 1.49, 95% CI 1.30 to 1.71, PAF 11.8%) age 0-5 years. (bmj.com)
- Respiratory therapists provide temporary relief to patients with chronic asthma or emphysema, as well as emergency care to patients who are victims of a heart attack, stroke, near drowning, or traumatic injury. (upstate.edu)
- Home care education and training cover respiratory therapy, ventilator care, tracheostomy care, asthma management and CPR. (childrens.com)
- These events are particularly important to the upper airways leading to asthma and constrictive bronchiolitis and to the lower respiratory tract where exogenous oxidants can activate macrophages to release endogenous oxidants, attract other inflammatory cells, and injure the delicate walls of the peripheral respiratory bronchioles and alveolar sacs [ 4 ]. (hindawi.com)
- It is RSV Bronchiolitis season at our hospital and we have a question about the kids who come in with respiratory distress after study they are diagnosed with rsv bronchiolitis. (aapc.com)
- A. Do we query for acute respiratory distress? (aapc.com)
- Or do we consider the respiratory distress an integral part of the rsv bronchiolits and not even code it. (aapc.com)
- CC 91 2 Q uses copd as an example that acute respiratory distress is integral to copd) or B. Do we query every time pt comes in with respiratory distress for the acuity? (aapc.com)
- C. If we get acute respiratory distress (518.82) which is not a 'symptom' code and plain respiratory distress (786.09) is a symptom code. (aapc.com)
- do we assume we can pick either as the pdx (rsv bronch or acute respiratory distress) depending on resources used (However, I think they would probably use the same resources to treat both. (aapc.com)
- We are using the APR-DRG for most of these kids and the acute respiratory distress moves the soi up and I am struggling a bit with this because I think the respiratory distress is part of the bronchiolitis. (aapc.com)
- Nitric Oxide as therapy for respiratory distress syndrome? (aapc.com)
- Respiratory Distress? (aapc.com)
- However, it must be taken seriously because in some cases, the child can develop a lack of oxygen and may have to be admitted to a hospital with respiratory distress. (babyphysio.com)
- In bronchiolitis there is also airway edema and obstruction to airflow, which can lead to wheezing and respiratory distress. (clinicalpainadvisor.com)
- Additionally, small infants can often have significant distress or even apnea with bronchiolitis and may require noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) or even intubation. (clinicalpainadvisor.com)
- In any case of respiratory distress, the first priority is to ensure an adequate airway. (clinicalpainadvisor.com)
- However, some children with bronchiolitis will present with severe distress and or apnea. (clinicalpainadvisor.com)
- The innovation of surfactant replacement therapy in the treatment of respiratory distress syndrome has proven to increase the survival and minimize the complications of the premature neonate. (brightkite.com)
- This paper will discuss the etiology of respiratory distress syndrome type I, the treatment options and nursing care of the neonate during surfactant replacement. (brightkite.com)
- Respiratory distress syndrome type I is a decrease production of surfactant, a noncelluar chemical produced in the type II alveolar in the lungs that's primary function is to decrease the surface tensions and attraction between the type I alveolar walls. (brightkite.com)
- Recognition of the signs of respiratory distress is a key part of the management of these infants. (springfieldpeds.com)
- The degree of respiratory distress determines treatment. (encyclopedia.com)
- He developed multi-organ dysfunction (including adult respiratory distress syndrome, oliguric renal failure, acute coronary syndrome, cardiac failure and a right atrial thrombus) which necessitated prolonged intensive care. (biomedcentral.com)
- A new intercostal drain was inserted and he was intubated and ventilated due to the rapid onset of severe respiratory distress. (biomedcentral.com)
- Viral bronchiolitis is an acute infectious inflammatory condition of the airways, which causes significant respiratory distress in infants and young children. (aappublications.org)
- Transient Tachypnea of Newborn head bobbing seen in respiratory distress-- accessory muscle use also seen in cardiac patients (Ie. (prezi.com)
- Ventilation with lower tidal volumes as compared with traditional tidal volumes for acute lung injury and the acute respiratory distress syndrome. (medscape.com)
- The Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Network. (medscape.com)
- Transplant-related bronchiolitis obliterans appears to be the result of multiple factors, including allograft rejection, ischemia-reperfusion injury, infections, and gastroesophageal reflux. (renalandurologynews.com)
- It is always advisable to deal with the bronchiolitis as soon as possible to avoid any further viral infections. (babyphysio.com)
- The most common infections among infants seeking care in unscheduled medical visits for URI or bronchiolitis were RSV and HRV. (ovid.com)
- Is antibiotic administration appropriate in children with presumed viral upper respiratory tract infections? (aafp.org)
- Using strategies that delay or avoid antibiotic prescription for viral upper respiratory tract infections will significantly reduce antibiotic use without increasing long-term complications. (aafp.org)
- A systematic review of nine RCTs including 1,000 patients of all ages compared outcomes with three prescribing strategies for upper respiratory tract infections: immediate antibiotics, delayed antibiotics (for at least 48 hours), and no antibiotics. (aafp.org)
- All studies published after 1992 demonstrated reduced antibiotic use for upper respiratory tract infections (e.g., common cold, cough, sore throat) with the delayed antibiotic and no antibiotic strategies. (aafp.org)
- Respiratory infections are the leading cause of childhood mortality and morbidity worldwide. (biomedcentral.com)
- Bronchiolitis is inflammation of a portion of the lower airways, most often triggered by viral infections of the lower airway. (springfieldpeds.com)
- Two subtypes of RSV have been identified, one of which causes most of the severe bronchiolitis infections. (encyclopedia.com)
- Respiratory infections in children are very common. (clevelandclinic.org)
- Symptoms of respiratory infections are discussed, as are other illnesses including croup, ear infections, and pink eye. (clevelandclinic.org)
- What do I need to know about respiratory infections in children? (clevelandclinic.org)
- Having six respiratory infections per year is normal. (clevelandclinic.org)
- Some uncomplicated respiratory infections can last up to two weeks. (clevelandclinic.org)
- The main purpose of this study was to determine the role of platelets during RSV infections and investigate whether sex can affect the clinical characteristics of children with bronchiolitis. (biomedcentral.com)
- The infections that cause bronchiolitis are contagious. (kidshealth.org)
- However, most infections are due to respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) ( 2 ). (cdc.gov)
- Is the Subject Area "Respiratory infections" applicable to this article? (plos.org)
- Causes include breathing in toxic fumes, respiratory infections, connective tissue disorder, or following a bone marrow or heart-lung transplant. (wikipedia.org)
- The objective of this study was to elucidate the relation between respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection and cytokine/chemokine concentrations, as well as the impact that these factors have on the severity of bronchiolitis. (nih.gov)
- RSV bronchiolitis was associated with a greater inflammatory response than was non-RSV bronchiolitis, although RSV infection was not associated with more-severe disease. (nih.gov)
- The robust inflammatory response associated with RSV infection does not contribute to the severity of RSV bronchiolitis any more than it contributes to the severity of non-RSV bronchiolitis. (nih.gov)
- Bronchial hyperreactivity might be inherited independently of atopy, but environmental factors seem the most likely link between severe respiratory infection in infancy and chronic or recurrent respiratory illness in adult life. (bmj.com)
- Palivizumab, a humanized respiratory syncytial virus monoclonal antibody, reduces hospitalization from respiratory syncytial virus infection in high-risk infants. (mja.com.au)
- To investigate the prevalence of 14 viruses in infants with bronchiolitis and to study demographic and clinical differences in those with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), human bocavirus (hBoV) and rhinovirus (RV) infection. (bmj.com)
- Although the major pathogen responsible for bronchiolitis remains RSV, the infection can also be caused by RV and hBoV. (bmj.com)
- Respiratory syncytial virus is the major cause of lower respiratory tract infection in infants and children. (sofinnova.fr)
- Conclusion Despite an admission rate of 43% (10/23) with bronchiolitis in this high risk group, not one infant had infection due to RSV as detected by the molecular test. (bmj.com)
- Bronchiolitis is a viral infection due to a RSV (Respiratory Syncytial Virus) and causes the inflammation of the small bronchi. (babyphysio.com)
- Bronchiolitis is a common infection. (babyphysio.com)
- Using an unidirectional leukocyte migration-inhibition (LMI) assay, we investigated the migration-inhibitory activity (LIF) in the sera of 25 infants who developed bronchiolitis following respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection. (elsevier.com)
- The upper respiratory infection symptoms make it difficult for infants as obligate nose breathers to breathe. (springfieldpeds.com)
- Bronchiolitis is an acute viral infection of the small air passages of the lungs called the bronchioles. (encyclopedia.com)
- Bronchiolitis begins as a mild upper respiratory infection. (medlineplus.gov)
- The present study affirm that the bronchiolitis is an infection in which sex seems to act as a modulating factor only in the clinical course, influencing also the choice of the therapy should be made. (biomedcentral.com)
- Bronchiolitis is the result of common viral infection in young children, usually caused by respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and rhinovirus. (biomedcentral.com)
- BACKGROUND: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the most important pathogen causing severe lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) in infants. (ru.nl)
- Bronchiolitis is an acute inflammatory injury of the bronchioles that is usually caused by a viral infection (most commonly respiratory syncytial virus). (medscape.com)
- Bronchiolitis is an infection that causes the small respiratory passages in the lungs (bronchioles) to become inflamed and mucus to build up in them. (vallhebron.com)
- Bronchiolitis is not the same as bronchitis, which is an infection in the larger and more central airways that typically causes problems in adults. (vallhebron.com)
- Human respiratory syncytial virus (HRSV) is the most common cause of lower respiratory tract infection in babies and small children and it is one of the viruses that causes fever in children. (vallhebron.com)
- Infection can stay in the nose or extend to the ears and lower respiratory tracts. (vallhebron.com)
- Bronchiolitis usually is a viral infection. (kidshealth.org)
- Infants in childcare centers have a higher risk of getting an infection that may lead to bronchiolitis because they're in close contact with lots of other young children. (kidshealth.org)
- Bronchiolitis is a common illness usually caused by a viral respiratory infection which leads to breathing problems in babies and children less than one year of age. (asthmafoundation.org.nz)
- Abstract Inuit infants have high rates of reported hospitalization for respiratory infection, associated with overcrowding and reduced ventilation. (wiley.com)
- Reduced ventilation is common in the houses of Inuit children in arctic Canada, and is associated with an increased risk of respiratory infection. (wiley.com)
- The exact molecular mechanism of neutrophil migration into the airway in respiratorysyncytial virus (RSV) infection is little studied.This paper reviews the to date evidence of activation of endothelial cells and neutrophils, interaction of neutrophils with endothelial cells and migration across endothelial cells in Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) infection. (resvinet.org)
- Bronchiolitis is an infection of the lungs. (ahealthyme.com)
- At first, the virus causes an infection in the upper respiratory tract. (ahealthyme.com)
- Ackermann, M.R. Perinatal Lamb Model of Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) Infection. (mdpi.com)
- Derscheid RJ, Ackermann MR. Perinatal Lamb Model of Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) Infection. (mdpi.com)
- The exact molecular mechanism of neutrophil migration into the airway in respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection is little studied. (resc-eu.org)
- This paper reviews the to date evidence of activation of endothelial cells and neutrophils, interaction of neutrophils with endothelial cells and migration across endothelial cells in Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) infection. (resc-eu.org)
- The relationship between high local IL-10 levels during the initial RSV infection and physician diagnosed PBW provides further evidence of the importance of the IL-10 response during RSV bronchiolitis. (cdc.gov)
- Levels of IL-10 were determined in nasopharyngeal aspirates (NPAs) of infants hospitalized for respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) bronchiolitis and analyzed after logarithmic transformation in groups with and without physician diagnosed post-bronchiolitis wheeze (PBW) in the first years after infection. (cdc.gov)
- Bronchiolitis is the most common acute infection of the airways and lungs during the first years of life. (cochrane.org)
- The use of macrolides as antibacterial agents to treat respiratory infection is excluded. (hospitalhealthcare.com)
- Mechanisms underlying the increased risk of recurrent wheeze after respiratory syncytial virus lower respiratory tract infection (RSV LRTI) are unclear. (cdc.gov)
- Immunological mechanisms of severe respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis. (nih.gov)
- Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) bronchiolitis resulting in respiratory insufficiency is frequently encountered during the winter season in paediatric intensive care units. (nih.gov)
- In addition, low virus-specific antibody titres prior to RSV bronchiolitis have been shown to be a risk factor for severe RSV bronchiolitis. (nih.gov)
- Study of 8-year-old children with a history of respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis in infancy. (bmj.com)
- Thirty-five children known to have had respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis in infancy were examined at the age of 8 and their respiratory function tested. (bmj.com)
- Sims D G , Downham M A , Gardner P S , Webb J K , Weightman D . Study of 8-year-old children with a history of respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis in infancy. (bmj.com)
- Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the major cause of bronchiolitis in infants. (aappublications.org)
- This trial is a proof-of-concept pilot study aim to investigate the biologic and clinical effects of early azithromycin treatment in children hospitalized with Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) bronchiolitis. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- To study the occurrence of bronchial obstructive symptoms and immunoglobulin (Ig) E antibodies after respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) bronchiolitis in infancy. (aappublications.org)
- Bronchiolitis, most often associated with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), is a major cause of hospitalisation in young children. (mja.com.au)
- Randomised double blind placebo controlled trial of prednisolone in children admitted to hospital with respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis. (bmj.com)
- Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a very common virus that leads to mild, cold-like symptoms in adults and older healthy children. (sofinnova.fr)
- Among infants with bronchiolitis, 76% had respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), 18% human rhinovirus (HRV), 10% influenza, 2% coronavirus, 3% human metapneumovirus and 1% parainfluenza virus. (ovid.com)
- Post-extubation stridor in Respiratory Syncytial Virus bronchiolitis : Is there a role for prophylactic dexamethasone? (uu.nl)
- AIM: The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of reintubation due to upper airway obstruction in a homogeneous group of ventilated infants with Respiratory Syncytial Virus bronchiolitis. (uu.nl)
- METHODS: This retrospective observational study in two Pediatric Intensive Care Units in 2 university hospitals in The Netherlands included two hundred patients younger than 13 months admitted with respiratory insufficiency caused by Respiratory Syncytial Virus bronchiolitis, requiring invasive mechanical ventilation. (uu.nl)
- CONCLUSION: Reintubation due to post-extubation stridor is an important complication of ventilation for Respiratory Syncytial Virus bronchiolitis. (uu.nl)
- Bronchiolitis due to respiratory syncytial virus was the main etiology (93.8%) and 31.3% had comorbidities. (biomedcentral.com)
- The RSV (Respiratory Syncytial Virus) virus is perhaps the most commonly isolated culprit in the ranks of viruses that frequently make infants and young children come down with Bronchiolitis. (springfieldpeds.com)
- It is possible though not common for an infant suffering from bronchiolitis to be infected by more than one type of virus. (springfieldpeds.com)
- The most common of these is respiratory syncytial virus (RVS), which is responsible for about 100,000 hospitalizations of children under age four each year. (encyclopedia.com)
- Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the most common cause. (medlineplus.gov)
- The most common cause is from a respiratory virus (usually RSV, which is present in the winter and spring months). (clevelandclinic.org)
- Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the most common cause of bronchiolitis in the pediatric population worldwide and an important cause of death in developing countries. (biomedcentral.com)
- Overall, 467 children were enrolled: 75% were aged \textless2 months, 76% had positive respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) tests, 34·9% required non-invasive ventilation, 36·6% were mechanically ventilated, and six infants died. (univ-reunion.fr)
- Cord blood vitamin D deficiency is associated with respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis. (ru.nl)
- We sought to determine the proportion of bronchiolitis episodes attributable to respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) among ICD-9 coded infant bronchiolitis episodes which were tested for RSV. (nih.gov)
- Human respiratory syncytial virus (HRSV) is also the most common cause of hospital admission in babies under one. (vallhebron.com)
- Human respiratory syncytial virus (HRSV) is very contagious. (vallhebron.com)
- Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) causes more than half of all cases. (kidshealth.org)
- Antibiotics can't help because bronchiolitis is caused by a virus. (kidshealth.org)
- Neutrophil-endothelial interactions in respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis, a potential for prediction of severity of disease? (resvinet.org)
- The most common cause of bronchiolitis is a virus. (ahealthyme.com)
- The virus causes inflammation and even death of the cells inside the respiratory tract. (ahealthyme.com)
- Bronchiolitis is most often caused by the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). (ahealthyme.com)
- How is respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) diagnosed? (familydoctor.org)
- Can respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) be prevented or avoided? (familydoctor.org)
- Local interleukin-10 production during respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis is associated with post-bronchiolitis wheeze. (cdc.gov)
- Levels of IL-10 were determined in undiluted nasopharyngeal aspirates (NPAs) of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infected infants and analyzed after logarithmic transformation. (cdc.gov)
- It is most commonly caused by respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and is the most common reason for hospitalisation in babies younger than six months. (cochrane.org)
- It is caused by viruses, the most common being respiratory syncytial virus. (cochrane.org)
- We previously reported an increased risk for bronchial obstructive disease and allergic sensitization up to age 3 in 47 children hospitalized with a respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) bronchiolitis in infancy compared with 93 matched control subjects recruited during infancy. (lsh.is)
- IL10 family member genes IL19 and IL20 are associated with recurrent wheeze after respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis. (cdc.gov)
- Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction was used to detect segments of the M (matrix), N (nucleoprotein), and F (fusion) genes of human metapneumovirus in bronchoalveolar fluid from 30 infants with severe respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis. (cdc.gov)
- In June 2001, Osterhaus and colleagues reported the discovery of a "new" human respiratory virus ( Pneumovirinae subfamily, Paramyxoviridae family) ( 3 ). (cdc.gov)
- Many very high risk infants e.g. those with neonatal chronic lung disease (nCLD) on home oxygen receive monthly humanised monoclonal antibody prophylaxis against RSV (palivizumab) yet still develop bronchiolitis. (bmj.com)
- Chronic hypoxic events during pregnancy associated with mild to moderate maternal hypertension have shown however to sometime accelerate fetal lung maturity and surfactant production leading to a decrease in neonatal respiratory complications. (brightkite.com)
- Bagneux, FRANCE, January 15th 2013 - DBV Technologies (Euronext: DBV - ISIN: FR0010417345), creator of Viaskin®, a new standard in the treatment of allergies, announced today that the Company and the French Institute for Agricultural Research-INRA (Molecular Virology and Immunology Unit, VIM-U892) have been awarded a research grant of nearly €600.000 from the French National Research Agency (ANR) to develop an innovative, efficient and safe pediatric 'RSV' bronchiolitis ('RSV') vaccine. (sofinnova.fr)
- We believe in the strength of our partnership based upon complementary skills that together will open the way to a new generation of pediatric vaccine delivered via the skin and targeting for the first time RSV bronchiolitis. (sofinnova.fr)
- In this retrospective study a total of 203 patients (112 boys and 91 girls) with bronchiolitis, aged 12 months or less, admitted to the Bambino Gesù Pediatric Hospital of Rome (Italy) in the period from January to December 2017, were enrolled. (biomedcentral.com)
- In this retrospective study a total of 388 patients, with a first episode of bronchiolitis, admitted to the Bambino Gesù Pediatric Hospital of Rome (Italy) in the period from January to December 2017, were enrolled. (biomedcentral.com)
- Pediatric respiratory emergencies: lower airway obstruction. (medlineplus.gov)
- Children 24 months or younger admitted with a primary or secondary diagnosis of bronchiolitis to the general pediatric infant and toddler unit through the ED at an urban tertiary care center over a 4-year period from April 1, 2011, to March 31, 2015, were identified by using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision codes 466.11 and 466.19. (aappublications.org)
- Many diseases affect the pediatric respiratory system, a large number of whom are not associated with acute respiratory failure. (springer.com)
- The Respiratory Tract in Pediatric Critical Illness and Injury has been written by an international panel of experts to provide an in-depth review of respiratory disease in the critically ill or injured child. (springer.com)
- Our pediatric pulmonology program is a recognized leader in the care and treatment of children and adolescents with respiratory (lung) diseases. (nationaljewish.org)
- Twelve previously healthy infants (3-12 months) with RSV bronchiolitis underwent barium swallow studies during the acute phase of illness. (aappublications.org)
- Using the Western Australian Data Linkage System, 5 we investigated the seasonality of bronchiolitis hospitalisations (International Classification of Diseases-10 code J21) from 1996 to 2005 as a proxy for RSV-related illness. (mja.com.au)
- Prospective data on viral etiology and clinical characteristics of bronchiolitis and upper respiratory illness (URI) in infants are limited. (ovid.com)
- Illness severity was determined using an ordinal bronchiolitis severity score. (ovid.com)
- The Institute for Clinical Systems Improvement guidelines for diagnosis and treatment of upper respiratory tract illness in children and adults recommend differentiating viral upper respiratory tract illness from more serious conditions. (aafp.org)
- The number of cases diagnosed with bronchiolitis goes up in the winter months, in tandem with the seasonal spread of the viruses that trigger the illness. (springfieldpeds.com)
- Avoid close contact with people with symptoms of respiratory illness or fever with other sick babies. (vallhebron.com)
- Bronchiolitis (brong-kee-oh-LYE-tiss) is an illness of the respiratory tract . (kidshealth.org)
- Bronchiolitis often is a mild illness. (kidshealth.org)
- Bronchiolitis is a serious respiratory illness that affects babies. (cochrane.org)
- Bronchiolitis is an important cause of illness and death in infants. (cdc.gov)
- Cilia lining the nose and other parts of the upper respiratory tract move back and forth, pushing foreign matter that comes in with air (like dust) either toward the nostrils to be expelled or toward the pharynx. (kidshealth.org)
- Conjunctivitis, periorbital edema, or upper respiratory tract involvement may occur along with facial contact dermatitis. (cdc.gov)
- 24 months old who presented to the emergency department with clinical symptoms of bronchiolitis were prospectively enrolled in the study. (nih.gov)
- Your child will likely still have symptoms of bronchiolitis after leaving the hospital. (medlineplus.gov)
- What Are the Signs & Symptoms of Bronchiolitis? (kidshealth.org)
- What are the symptoms of bronchiolitis in a child? (ahealthyme.com)
- Peak incidence of bronchiolitis in our region was between November and March. (bmj.com)
- To evaluate the relationship between meteorological factors in North-western Greece and the incidence of bronchiolitis. (elsevier.es)
- A peak incidence of bronchiolitis was noticed in cold and wet seasons during the five days preceding hospitalisation. (elsevier.es)
- This review evaluates potential determinants described in severe RSV bronchiolitis with special attention to the role of immaturity of immune responses during infancy. (nih.gov)
- Although 18 of the children who had had bronchiolitis in infancy had experienced subsequent episodes of wheezing, these were neither severe nor frequent in most cases and had apparently ceased by the age of 8. (bmj.com)
- The main purpose of this study was to assessing sex differences in clinical characteristics and platelets activation during RSV bronchiolitis in infancy. (biomedcentral.com)
- Acute bronchiolitis in infancy as risk factor for wheezing and reduced pulmonary function by seven years in Akershus County, Norway. (lsh.is)
- however, in the patient in extremis this may require subcutaneous epinephrine (or terbutaline) and possible emergent intubation This approach is also true for the infant with bronchiolitis. (clinicalpainadvisor.com)
- A chest radiography revealing lung hyperinflation with a flattened diaphragm and bilateral atelectasis in the right apical and left basal regions in a 16-day-old infant with severe bronchiolitis. (medscape.com)
- Prevalence of infant bronchiolitis-coded healthcare encounters attributable to RSV. (nih.gov)
- Among 10,411 ICD-9 coded infant bronchiolitis episodes, 29% were RSV tested. (nih.gov)
- The proportion of RSV-positive bronchiolitis episodes varied based upon infant age at diagnosis, level of health care service used, and time of the year of the episode. (nih.gov)
- Estimation of the proportion of ICD-9 coded bronchiolitis episodes attributable to RSV is more specific when restricting to bronchiolitis episodes during peak months, younger infant age, and those requiring higher level of healthcare. (nih.gov)
- Distribution of infant bronchiolitis episodes with RSV testing and RSV positive bronchiolitis episodes among the PRIMA cohort subset of patients cared for by KPNC, 2006-2009. (nih.gov)
- We examined children ≤24 months old with bronchiolitis admitted to the general infant and toddler floor. (aappublications.org)
- To address this gap, we sought to identify early predictors of respiratory decompensation among otherwise healthy children with bronchiolitis admitted to the general infant and toddler floor. (aappublications.org)
- Several histologic types of bronchiolitis ("primary" bronchiolar diseases) are recognized and have varying degrees of specificity with respect to etiology. (renalandurologynews.com)
- Archivos de Bronconeumologia is a scientific journal that preferentially publishes prospective original research articles whose content is based upon results dealing with several aspects of respiratory diseases such as epidemiology, pathophysiology, clinics, surgery, and basic investigation. (archbronconeumol.org)
- In addition to this group of infants with pre-morbidity, a large proportion of mechanically ventilated RSV bronchiolitis patients are previously healthy full-term infants or premature neonates without predisposing risk factors. (nih.gov)
- The objectives of our study were to document local admission rates of premature infants from clinical bronchiolitis, assess local mortality and morbidity secondary to bronchiolitis, and examine seasonal and annual variation of bronchiolitis admissions. (bmj.com)
- Introduction Bronchiolitis is a significant cause of respiratory morbidity and hospital admission particularly for ex-preterm infants. (bmj.com)
- Tobacco smoke exposure (TSE) is a worldwide health problem and it is considered a risk factor for pregnant women's and children's health, particularly for respiratory morbidity during the first year of life. (medscape.com)
- Tiny hairs called cilia protect the nasal passageways and other parts of the respiratory tract, filtering out dust and other particles that enter the nose through the breathed air. (kidshealth.org)
- Kendig, Chernick's Disorders of the Respiratory Tract in Children is the definitive medical reference book to help you confront critical challenges using the latest knowledge and techniques. (elsevier.com)
- It then spreads downward into the windpipe (trachea) and lungs (lower respiratory tract). (ahealthyme.com)
- Oro- or nasogastric tube feeding is safe and may be more physiologic than intravenous (IV) fluids in hospitalized infants with acute viral bronchiolitis. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- To examine the efficacy and safety of epinephrine in children less than two with acute viral bronchiolitis. (cochrane.org)
- We included randomized controlled trials comparing epinephrine to placebo or another intervention involving children less than two years with acute viral bronchiolitis. (cochrane.org)
- Pre-existent cardiac or pulmonary compromises have been documented as clinical risk factors for severe RSV bronchiolitis. (nih.gov)
- Patients with bronchiolitis may be asymptomatic, presenting primarily for evaluation of abnormal chest imaging findings or pulmonary function test results (e.g., some patients with respiratory bronchiolitis). (renalandurologynews.com)
- Infants younger than 1 year old with acute respiratory failure caused by severe bronchiolitis underwent neuromuscular blockade, tracheal intubation and volume controlled MV. Shortly after intubation studies of pulmonary mechanics were performed using inspiratory and expiratory breath hold. (biomedcentral.com)
- Most respiratory services are provided at bedside, although more advanced pulmonary function testing is performed in the Pulmonary Function Lab. (upstate.edu)
- Chest physiotherapy helps clear the lungs and respiratory ways, allowing the baby to breathe and sleep better, and to increase their appetite. (babyphysio.com)
- Your child has bronchiolitis , which causes swelling and mucus to build up in the smallest air passages of the lungs. (medlineplus.gov)
- In bronchiolitis obliterans, the body s white blood cells or white blood cells from the transplant attack the lungs, which leads to the destruction of lung tissue, and ultimately, scarring or fibrosis of the lung tissues. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- The lungs and respiratory system allow oxygen in the air to be taken into the body, while also enabling the body to get rid of carbon dioxide in the air breathed out. (kidshealth.org)
- Lambs can be born preterm (90% gestation) and survive for experimentation although both preterm and term lambs are susceptible to ovine, bovine and human strains of RSV and develop clinical symptoms including fever, tachypnea, and malaise as well as mild to moderate gross and histologic lesions including bronchiolitis with epithelial injury, neutrophil infiltration and syncytial cell formation. (mdpi.com)
- In conclusion, immaturity of the physiological functions in healthy pre-term infants and neonates, in particular the immune system, appears to be an important factor in the pathogenesis of RSV bronchiolitis resulting in mechanical ventilation. (nih.gov)
- Analysis of respiratory mechanics during mechanical ventilation (MV) is able to estimate resistive, elastic and inertial components of the working pressure of the respiratory system. (biomedcentral.com)
- For bronchiolitis episode, the kappa coefficient between the survey and PMSI data was good only for mechanical ventilation (0·63) and the death rate (0·86). (univ-reunion.fr)