Dictionaries, MedicalRespiration, Artificial: Any method of artificial breathing that employs mechanical or non-mechanical means to force the air into and out of the lungs. Artificial respiration or ventilation is used in individuals who have stopped breathing or have RESPIRATORY INSUFFICIENCY to increase their intake of oxygen (O2) and excretion of carbon dioxide (CO2).Dictionaries as Topic: Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.Crowdsourcing: Social media model for enabling public involvement and recruitment in participation. Use of social media to collect feedback and recruit volunteer subjects.Terminology as Topic: The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.Cell Respiration: The metabolic process of all living cells (animal and plant) in which oxygen is used to provide a source of energy for the cell.Dictionaries, ChemicalRespiration: The act of breathing with the LUNGS, consisting of INHALATION, or the taking into the lungs of the ambient air, and of EXHALATION, or the expelling of the modified air which contains more CARBON DIOXIDE than the air taken in (Blakiston's Gould Medical Dictionary, 4th ed.). This does not include tissue respiration (= OXYGEN CONSUMPTION) or cell respiration (= CELL RESPIRATION).Vocabulary, Controlled: A specified list of terms with a fixed and unalterable meaning, and from which a selection is made when CATALOGING; ABSTRACTING AND INDEXING; or searching BOOKS; JOURNALS AS TOPIC; and other documents. The control is intended to avoid the scattering of related subjects under different headings (SUBJECT HEADINGS). The list may be altered or extended only by the publisher or issuing agency. (From Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed, p163)Unified Medical Language System: A research and development program initiated by the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE to build knowledge sources for the purpose of aiding the development of systems that help health professionals retrieve and integrate biomedical information. The knowledge sources can be used to link disparate information systems to overcome retrieval problems caused by differences in terminology and the scattering of relevant information across many databases. The three knowledge sources are the Metathesaurus, the Semantic Network, and the Specialist Lexicon.Respiration, Artificial: Any method of artificial breathing that employs mechanical or non-mechanical means to force the air into and out of the lungs. Artificial respiration or ventilation is used in individuals who have stopped breathing or have RESPIRATORY INSUFFICIENCY to increase their intake of oxygen (O2) and excretion of carbon dioxide (CO2).Games, Experimental: Games designed to provide information on hypotheses, policies, procedures, or strategies.ArgentinaNorth CarolinaNobel PrizeAwards and PrizesLiterature, ModernMedical Secretaries: Individuals responsible for various duties pertaining to the medical office routine.X-Ray Intensifying Screens: Screens which absorb the energy in the x-ray beam that has penetrated the patient and convert this energy into a light pattern which has as nearly as possible the same information as the original x-ray beam. The more light a screen produces for a given input of x-radiation, the less x-ray exposure and thus shorter exposure time are needed to expose the film. In most film-screen systems, the film is sandwiched between two screens in a cassette so that the emulsion on each side is exposed to the light from its contiguous screen.Pedigree: The record of descent or ancestry, particularly of a particular condition or trait, indicating individual family members, their relationships, and their status with respect to the trait or condition.Dictionaries as Topic: Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.Dictionaries, MedicalVocabulary, Controlled: A specified list of terms with a fixed and unalterable meaning, and from which a selection is made when CATALOGING; ABSTRACTING AND INDEXING; or searching BOOKS; JOURNALS AS TOPIC; and other documents. The control is intended to avoid the scattering of related subjects under different headings (SUBJECT HEADINGS). The list may be altered or extended only by the publisher or issuing agency. (From Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed, p163)Terminology as Topic: The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.Subject Headings: Terms or expressions which provide the major means of access by subject to the bibliographic unit.Unified Medical Language System: A research and development program initiated by the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE to build knowledge sources for the purpose of aiding the development of systems that help health professionals retrieve and integrate biomedical information. The knowledge sources can be used to link disparate information systems to overcome retrieval problems caused by differences in terminology and the scattering of relevant information across many databases. The three knowledge sources are the Metathesaurus, the Semantic Network, and the Specialist Lexicon.Medical Subject Headings: Controlled vocabulary thesaurus produced by the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. It consists of sets of terms naming descriptors in a hierarchical structure that permits searching at various levels of specificity.Information Storage and Retrieval: Organized activities related to the storage, location, search, and retrieval of information.Bibliography of Medicine: A list of works, documents, and other publications on medical subjects and topics of interest to the field of medicine.Natural Language Processing: Computer processing of a language with rules that reflect and describe current usage rather than prescribed usage.Respiration, Artificial: Any method of artificial breathing that employs mechanical or non-mechanical means to force the air into and out of the lungs. Artificial respiration or ventilation is used in individuals who have stopped breathing or have RESPIRATORY INSUFFICIENCY to increase their intake of oxygen (O2) and excretion of carbon dioxide (CO2).GreeceCost-Benefit Analysis: A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.BelgiumNegotiating: The process of bargaining in order to arrive at an agreement or compromise on a matter of importance to the parties involved. It also applies to the hearing and determination of a case by a third party chosen by the parties in controversy, as well as the interposing of a third party to reconcile the parties in controversy.Private Sector: That distinct portion of the institutional, industrial, or economic structure of a country that is controlled or owned by non-governmental, private interests.Brassica: A plant genus of the family Cruciferae. It contains many species and cultivars used as food including cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, Brussel sprouts, kale, collard greens, MUSTARD PLANT; (B. alba, B. junica, and B. nigra), turnips (BRASSICA NAPUS) and rapeseed (BRASSICA RAPA).Models, Economic: Statistical models of the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services, as well as of financial considerations. For the application of statistics to the testing and quantifying of economic theories MODELS, ECONOMETRIC is available.Clergy: Persons ordained for religious duties, who serve as leaders and perform religious services.Greek World: A historical and cultural entity dispersed across a wide geographical area under the influence of Greek civilization, culture, and science. The Greek Empire extended from the Greek mainland and the Aegean islands from the 16th century B.C., to the Indus Valley in the 4th century under Alexander the Great, and to southern Italy and Sicily. Greek medicine began with Homeric and Aesculapian medicine and continued unbroken to Hippocrates (480-355 B.C.). The classic period of Greek medicine was 460-136 B.C. and the Graeco-Roman period, 156 B.C.-576 A.D. (From A. Castiglioni, A History of Medicine, 2d ed; from F. H. Garrison, An Introduction to the History of Medicine, 4th ed)Electronic Mail: Messages between computer users via COMPUTER COMMUNICATION NETWORKS. This feature duplicates most of the features of paper mail, such as forwarding, multiple copies, and attachments of images and other file types, but with a speed advantage. The term also refers to an individual message sent in this way.Food Dispensers, Automatic: Mechanical food dispensing machines.Editorial Policies: The guidelines and policy statements set forth by the editor(s) or editorial board of a publication.Authorship: The profession of writing. Also the identity of the writer as the creator of a literary production.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.Postal Service: The functions and activities carried out by the U.S. Postal Service, foreign postal services, and private postal services such as Federal Express.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Legislation, Food: Laws and regulations concerned with industrial processing and marketing of foods.Publishing: "The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.Job Application: Process of applying for employment. It includes written application for employment or personal appearance.Tracheostomy: Surgical formation of an opening into the trachea through the neck, or the opening so created.Respiration, Artificial: Any method of artificial breathing that employs mechanical or non-mechanical means to force the air into and out of the lungs. Artificial respiration or ventilation is used in individuals who have stopped breathing or have RESPIRATORY INSUFFICIENCY to increase their intake of oxygen (O2) and excretion of carbon dioxide (CO2).Intubation, Intratracheal: A procedure involving placement of a tube into the trachea through the mouth or nose in order to provide a patient with oxygen and anesthesia.Ventilator Weaning: Techniques for effecting the transition of the respiratory-failure patient from mechanical ventilation to spontaneous ventilation, while meeting the criteria that tidal volume be above a given threshold (greater than 5 ml/kg), respiratory frequency be below a given count (less than 30 breaths/min), and oxygen partial pressure be above a given threshold (PaO2 greater than 50mm Hg). Weaning studies focus on finding methods to monitor and predict the outcome of mechanical ventilator weaning as well as finding ventilatory support techniques which will facilitate successful weaning. Present methods include intermittent mandatory ventilation, intermittent positive pressure ventilation, and mandatory minute volume ventilation.Respiratory Insufficiency: Failure to adequately provide oxygen to cells of the body and to remove excess carbon dioxide from them. (Stedman, 25th ed)Tracheotomy: Surgical incision of the trachea.Study CharacteristicsTracheal DiseasesTracheal StenosisLaryngoscopy: Examination, therapy or surgery of the interior of the larynx performed with a specially designed endoscope.

Twelfth rib resection as an approach for portal vein cannulation in sheep. (1/3997)

A surgical technique involving resection of the twelfth rib was used to insert silastic cannulas into the portal veins of three sheep to study amino acid metabolism. Good exposure to the vein was achieved by this method although it required positive ventilation due to the penetration of the thoracic cavity. All cannulas were buried subcutaneously and exteriorized near the dorsal midline. This facilitated continuous infusion into the portal cannula without disturbing cannula placement.  (+info)

The impact of a multidisciplinary approach on caring for ventilator-dependent patients. (2/3997)

OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinical and financial outcomes of a highly structured multidisciplinary care model for patients in an intensive care unit (ICU) who require prolonged mechanical ventilation. The structured model outcomes (protocol group) are compared with the preprotocol outcomes. DESIGN: Descriptive study with financial analysis. SETTING: A twelve-bed medical-surgical ICU in a non-teaching tertiary referral center in Ogden, Utah. STUDY PARTICIPANTS: During a 54 month period, 469 consecutive intensive care patients requiring mechanical ventilation for longer than 72 hours who did not meet exclusion criteria were studied. INTERVENTIONS: A multidisciplinary team was formed to coordinate the care of ventilator-dependent patients. Care was integrated by daily collaborative bedside rounds, monthly meetings, and implementation of numerous guidelines and protocols. Patients were followed from the time of ICU admission until the day of hospital discharge. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Patients were assigned APACHE II scores on admission to the ICU, and were divided into eight diagnostic categories. ICU length of stay, hospital length of stay, costs, charges, reimbursement, and in-hospital mortality were measured. RESULTS: Mortality in the preprotocol and protocol group, after adjustment for APACHE II scores, remained statistically unchanged (21-23%). After we implemented the new care model, we demonstrated significant decreases in the mean survivor's ICU length of stay (19.8 days to 14.7 days, P= 0.001), hospital length of stay (34.6 days to 25.9 days, P=0.001), charges (US$102500 to US$78500, P=0.001), and costs (US$71900 to US$58000, P=0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Implementation of a structured multidisciplinary care model to care for a heterogeneous population of ventilator-dependent ICU patients was associated with significant reductions in ICU and hospital lengths of stay, charges, and costs. Mortality rates were unaffected.  (+info)

Trigeminal and carotid body inputs controlling vascular resistance in muscle during post-contraction hyperaemia in cats. (3/3997)

1. In anaesthetized cats, the effects of stimulation of the receptors in the nasal mucosa and carotid body chemoreceptors on vascular resistance in hindlimb skeletal muscle were studied to see whether the responses were the same in active as in resting muscle. The measurements of vascular resistance were taken, first, in resting muscle, and second, in the immediate post-contraction hyperaemic phase that followed a 30 s period of isometric contractions. 2. Stimulation of the receptors in the nasal mucosa caused reflex apnoea and vasoconstriction in muscle. The latter response was attenuated when the test was repeated during post-contraction hyperaemia. 3. Stimulations of the carotid bodies were made during a period of apnoea evoked reflexly by electrical stimulation of both superior laryngeal nerves. This apnoea prevented any effects of changes in respiration on the carotid body reflex vascular responses. Stimulation of the carotid bodies evoked hindlimb muscle vasoconstriction. In the post-contraction hyperaemic period, the response was reduced or abolished. A similar attenuation of the reflex vasoconstrictor responses occurred in decentralized muscles stimulated through their motor roots in the cauda equina. 4. Evidence is presented that the attenuation of the vasoconstrictor responses evoked by the two reflexes is a phenomenon localized to the contracting muscles themselves resulting from an interaction between sympathetic neuronal activity and the local production of metabolites. 5. The results are discussed in relation to the metabolic needs of tissues in relation to asphyxial defence mechanisms such as occur in the diving response.  (+info)

Renal and hemodynamic effects of losartan in conscious dogs during controlled mechanical ventilation. (4/3997)

In 12 conscious dogs, we investigated whether the angiotensin II-receptor antagonist losartan increases renal sodium excretion and urine volume during controlled mechanical ventilation (CMV) with positive end-expiratory pressure. In four experimental protocols, the dogs were extracellular volume (ECV) expanded (electrolyte solution, 0.5 ml. kg-1. min-1 iv) or not and received losartan (100 micrograms. kg-1. min-1 iv) or not. They breathed spontaneously during the 1st and 4th hour and received CMV with positive end-expiratory pressure (mean airway pressure 20 cmH2O) during the 2nd and 3rd hours. In the expansion group, dogs with losartan excreted approximately 18% more sodium (69 +/- 7 vs. 38 +/- 5 micromol. min-1. kg-1) and 15% more urine during the 2 h of CMV because of a higher glomerular filtration rate (5.3 +/- 0.3 vs. 4.5 +/- 0.2 ml. min-1. kg-1) and the tubular effects of losartan. In the group without expansion, sodium excretion (2.0 +/- 0.6 vs. 2.6 +/- 1.0 micromol. min-1. kg-1) and glomerular filtration rate (3.8 +/- 0.3 vs. 3.8 +/- 0.4 ml. min-1. kg-1) did not change, and urine volume decreased similarly in both groups during CMV. Plasma vasopressin and aldosterone increased in both groups, and plasma renin activity increased from 4.9 +/- 0.7 to 7.8 +/- 1.3 ng ANG I. ml-1. h-1 during CMV in nonexpanded dogs without losartan. Mean arterial pressure decreased by 10 mmHg in nonexpanded dogs with losartan. In conclusion, losartan increases sodium excretion and urine volume during CMV if the ECV is expanded. If the ECV is not expanded, a decrease in mean arterial blood pressure and/or an increase in aldosterone and vasopressin during CMV attenuates the renal effects of losartan.  (+info)

Outcome for cancer patients requiring mechanical ventilation. (5/3997)

PURPOSE: To describe hospital survival for cancer patients who require mechanical ventilation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective, multicenter observational study was performed at five academic tertiary care hospitals. Demographic and clinical variables were obtained on consecutive cancer patients at initiation of mechanical ventilation, and information on vital status at hospital discharge was acquired. RESULTS: Our analysis was based on 782 adult cancer patients who met predetermined inclusion criteria. The overall observed hospital mortality was 76%, with no statistically significant differences among the five study centers. Seven variables (intubation after 24 hours, leukemia, progression or recurrence of cancer, allogeneic bone marrow transplantation, cardiac arrhythmias, presence of disseminated intravascular coagulation, and need for vasopressor therapy) were associated with an increased risk of death, whereas prior surgery with curative intent was protective. The predictive model based on these variables had an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.736, with Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit statistics of 7.19; P = .52. CONCLUSION: This model can be used to estimate the probability of hospital survival for classes of adult cancer patients who require mechanical ventilation and can help to guide physicians, patients, and families in deciding goals and direction of treatment. Prospective independent validation in different medical settings is warranted.  (+info)

Continuous arterial P(O2) and P(CO2) measurements in swine during nitrous oxide and xenon elimination: prevention of diffusion hypoxia. (6/3997)

BACKGROUND: During nitrous oxide (N2O) elimination, arterial oxygen tension (PaO2) decreases because of the phenomenon commonly called diffusive hypoxia. The authors questioned whether similar effects occur during xenon elimination. METHODS: Nineteen anesthetized and paralyzed pigs were mechanically ventilated randomly for 30 min using inspiratory gas mixtures of 30% oxygen and either 70% N2O or xenon. The inspiratory gas was replaced by a mixture of 70% nitrogen and 30% oxygen. PaO2 and carbon dioxide tensions were recorded continuously using an indwelling arterial sensor. RESULTS: The PaO2 decreased from 119+/-10 mm Hg to 102+/-12 mm Hg (mean+/-SD) during N2O washout (P<0.01) and from 116+/-9 mm Hg to 110+/-8 mm Hg during xenon elimination (P<0.01), with a significant difference (P<0.01) between baseline and minimum PaO2 values (deltaPaO2, 17+/-6 mm Hg during N2O washout and 6+/-3 mm Hg during xenon washout). The PaCO2 value also decreased (from 39.3+/-6.3 mm Hg to 37.6+/-5.8 mm Hg) during N2O washout (P<0.01) and during xenon elimination (from 35.4+/-1.6 mm Hg to 34.9+/-1.6 mm Hg; P< 0.01). The deltaPaCO2 was 1.7+/-0.9 mm Hg in the N2O group and 0.5+/-0.3 mm Hg in the xenon group (P<0.01). CONCLUSION: Diffusive hypoxia is unlikely to occur during recovery from xenon anesthesia, probably because of the low blood solubility of this gas.  (+info)

Early inhaled glucocorticoid therapy to prevent bronchopulmonary dysplasia. (7/3997)

BACKGROUND: The safety and efficacy of inhaled glucocorticoid therapy for asthma stimulated its use in infants to prevent bronchopulmonary dysplasia. We tested the hypothesis that early therapy with inhaled glucocorticoids would decrease the frequency of bronchopulmonary dysplasia in premature infants. METHODS: We conducted a randomized, multicenter trial of inhaled beclomethasone or placebo in 253 infants, 3 to 14 days old, born before 33 weeks of gestation and weighing 1250 g or less at birth, who required ventilation therapy. Beclomethasone was delivered in a decreasing dosage, from 40 to 5 microg per kilogram of body weight per day, for four weeks. The primary outcome measure was bronchopulmonary dysplasia at 28 days of age. Secondary outcomes included bronchopulmonary dysplasia at 36 weeks of postmenstrual age, the need for systemic glucocorticoid therapy, the need for bronchodilator therapy, the duration of respiratory support, and death. RESULTS: One hundred twenty-three infants received beclomethasone, and 130 received placebo. The frequency of bronchopulmonary dysplasia was similar in the two groups: 43 percent in the beclomethasone group and 45 percent in the placebo group at 28 days of age, and 18 percent in the beclomethasone group and 20 percent in the placebo group at 36 weeks of postmenstrual age. At 28 days of age, fewer infants in the beclomethasone group than in the placebo group were receiving systemic glucocorticoid therapy (relative risk, 0.6; 95 percent confidence interval, 0.4 to 1.0) and mechanical ventilation (relative risk, 0.8; 95 percent confidence interval, 0.6 to 1.0). CONCLUSIONS: Early beclomethasone therapy did not prevent bronchopulmonary dysplasia but was associated with lower rates of use of systemic glucocorticoid therapy and mechanical ventilation.  (+info)

An isolated perfused rat lung preparation. (8/3997)

An isolated perfused rat lung preparation (IPL) is described and its physiologic status is evaluated. The evaluation includes light and electron microscopy after perfusion and estimations of substrate utilization. ATP content, lactate production, and incorporation of glucose carbons into lipids and CO2. It is concluded that the IPL is useful for short-term metabolic and physiologic experiments and offers some unique advantages in evaluating effects of reactive gases upon lung function.  (+info)

*Mouth-to-mouth resuscitation

"Artificial Respiration". Encyclopædia Britannica. Archived from the original on 14 June 2007. Retrieved 2007-06-15. "Artificial ... The efficiency of artificial respiration can be greatly increased by the simultaneous use of oxygen therapy. The amount of ... In 1773, English physician William Hawes (1736-1808) began publicising the power of artificial respiration to resuscitate ... artificial ventilation using exhaled air from the rescuer Mouth-to-mouth resuscitation, a form of artificial ventilation, is ...

*Baden-Powell Service Association (Canada)

Demonstrate artificial respiration. Demonstrate the importance of, and how to summon help, and treat for shock. Know the ...

*First Class Scout (Boy Scouts of America)

... demonstrate artificial respiration. Prepare and cook satisfactorily, in the open, without regular kitchen utensils, two of the ...

*Robert Spencer (doctor)

He resumed artificial respiration. By the time Sekunda arrived, at around 11:30, Spencer had concluded that Mary was dead. ...

*Medical ventilator

Geddes LA (2007). "The history of artificial respiration". IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine : the Quarterly ... They may have manual backup mechanisms to enable hand-driven respiration in the absence of power (such as the mechanical ... Artificial ventilation Mechanical ventilation Respiratory therapy Robert Martensen Health, Center for Devices and Radiological ... Russell WR, Schuster E, Smith AC, Spalding JM (April 1956). "Radcliffe respiration pumps". The Lancet. 270 (6922): 539-41. doi: ...

*Iron lung

Geddes, LA (2007). "The history of artificial respiration". IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine: the Quarterly ... "Artificial Lung on Wheels Prove Life Saver" Popular Mechanics, December 1930 photo of earliest production units from Boston ... Respiration Without Breathing - about the Thunberg "barospirator" built by John Emerson. "Iron Lung." Claude Moore Health ... Intermittent positive pressure respiration during the 1952 polio-epidemic in Copenhagen". https://web.archive.org/web/ ...

*Bragg-Paul Pulsator

"Artificial Respiration for Two Years". The Lancet. 223 (5772): 786-788. doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(00)92888-5. Dikeman, K J; ... The Pulsator provided life-saving treatment for many people in the early days of artificial ventilation, and when the only ... Artificial ventilation Mechanical ventilation "Bragg-Paul Pulsator, model II, Europe, 1938-1939". Science Museum, London. ... Virdi, Jaipreet (4 May 2016). "The Pulsator: How a Portable Artificial Respirator Saved the Lives of Children". From the Hands ...

*Encephalitis

Some people require artificial respiration. Once the immediate problem is under control, rehabilitation may be required. In ...

*Phyllis Margaret Tookey Kerridge

She is notable for creating the miniature pH electrode, her work on artificial respiration, and her pioneering work shaping the ... Mr S. Crosby Halahan, Bragg's neighbour and the inspiration for his respirator, was kept alive via artificial respiration for ... access-date= requires ,url= (help) Kerridge, Phyllis Margaret Tookey (1934). "Artificial Respiration for Two Years". The Lancet ... Virdi-Dhesi, Jaipreet (May 2016). "The Pulsator: How a Portable Artificial Respirator Saved the Lives of Children". From the ...

*Louis Agassiz Shaw Jr.

Shaw, LA; Drinker, P (1929). "AN APPARATUS FOR THE PROLONGED ADMINISTRATION OF ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION: I. A Design for Adults ... Shaw, LA; Drinker, P (1929). "AN APPARATUS FOR THE PROLONGED ADMINISTRATION OF ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION: II. A Design for Small ... Drinker, P; Shaw, LA (1932). "The prolonged administration of artificial respiration". Journal of the Franklin Institute. 213 ( ... Shaw, LA (1928). "Cutaneous Respiration of the Cat". American Journal of Physiology. 85 (1): 158-67. ...

*Henry Harrington Janeway

Artificial Respiration and Intrathoracic Œsophageal Surgery. Annals of surgery, 52(1), 58. Janeway, H. H., & Green, N. W. (1911 ...

*Holger Nielsen

Artificial Respiration, the history of an idea. A B Baker Med Hist. 1971 15(4): 336-351 "Holger Nielsen Olympic Results". ...

*History of tracheal intubation

CS1 maint: Uses editors parameter (link) Baker, A. Barrington (1971). "Artificial respiration, the history of an idea". Medical ... The first detailed descriptions on tracheal intubation and subsequent artificial respiration of animals were from Andreas ... Galen may have understood the importance of artificial ventilation, because in one of his experiments he used bellows to ...

*Tracheal intubation

195-207 Barrington Baker, A (1971). "Artificial respiration: the history of an idea". Medical History. 15 (4): 336-51. doi: ... The first detailed descriptions of tracheal intubation and subsequent artificial respiration of animals were from Andreas ... 345-70 Booth, A. W. G.; Vidhani, K.; Lee, P. K.; Thomsett, C.-M. (2017-03-01). "SponTaneous Respiration using IntraVEnous ... SponTaneous Respiration using IntraVEnous anaesthesia and High-flow nasal oxygen (STRIVE Hi) is an open airway technique that ...

*Edward Albert Sharpey-Schafer

Schafer's method of artificial respiration is named after him. Schafer coined the word "insulin" after theorising that a single ... Writer, D. (2004). "Sir Edward Sharpey-Schafer and his simple and efficient method of performing artificial respiration". ... Sykes, A. H. (2006). "Edward Schafer (1850-1935) and artificial respiration". Journal of medical biography. 14 (3): 155-62. doi ... artificial respiration) - Patient prone with forehead on one of his arms: straddle across patient with knees on either side of ...

*USS PC-552

Some of the soldiers required prolonged artificial respiration." At approximately this same time the sixteen DD tanks forming ...

*Tetraethyl pyrophosphate

If the breathing has stopped, perform artificial respiration. Keep the affected person warm and at rest. Get medical attention ... INGESTION: If the victim is alert and the respiration is not depressed, Syrup of Ipecac should be given, followed by 1-2 ...

*George Poe

U.S. Patent 859,778 Artificial Respiration (1907) U.S. Patent 978,641 Gas Generator I (1909) U.S. Patent 929,875 Gas Generator ... George Poe's machine for producing artificial respiration in the library of the Kings County Medical Society, at 1,313 Bedford ... Successful Demonstration of an Artificial Respiration Machine Cheered in Brooklyn. Women in the Audience, But Most of Those ... "An Artificial Respirator", Scientific American, June 22, 1907, page 515. "Smother Small Dog To See it Revived. ...

*List of Marvel Family enemies (A-G)

He orders his henchmen to bind and gag him and give him artificial respiration. He escapes the Ghost when one of the henchmen ... The lightning is used, and Freddy gives Roy artificial respiration. They tell him about Pa Potter and he begins work, examining ...

*Philip Drinker

Shaw, LA; Drinker, P (1929). "AN APPARATUS FOR THE PROLONGED ADMINISTRATION OF ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION: I. A Design for Adults ... Shaw, LA; Drinker, P (1929). "AN APPARATUS FOR THE PROLONGED ADMINISTRATION OF ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION: II. A Design for Small ...

*Mechanical ventilation

George Poe's machine for producing artificial respiration in the library of the Kings County Medical Society, at 1,313 Bedford ... Successful Demonstration of an Artificial Respiration Machine Cheered in Brooklyn. Women in the Audience, But Most of Those ... In spontaneous breathing, a negative pressure is created in the pleural cavity by the muscles of respiration, and the resulting ... Mechanical ventilation is the medical term for artificial ventilation where mechanical means is used to assist or replace ...

*Respiratory therapist

George Poe's machine for producing artificial respiration in the library of the Kings County Medical Society, at 1,313 Bedford ... Successful Demonstration of an Artificial Respiration Machine Cheered in Brooklyn. Women in the Audience, But Most of Those ... A vital role in ICU is the initiation and maintenance of mechanical ventilation and the care of artificial airways. Outpatient ... artificial oxygenator, and related equipment. The ECMO Specialist is also responsible for the clinical needs of the patient on ...

*1961 New Year Honours

For services to research into the subject of artificial respiration. State of Queensland Walter Frank Hoger, Chief Prison ...

*Emergency Medicine Reform in Ukraine since 2016

"Medical reform in Ukraine: artificial respiration for "Ambulance"" (in Ukrainian). Deutsche Welle. December 13, 2016. Retrieved ...

*Holger Hesse

The Ambu bag resuscitator revolutionized possibility of providing artificial respiration. Today the resuscitator is produced by ...

*Sulfolobus

One application is the creation of artificial derivatives from S. acidocaldarius proteins, named affitins. Intracellular ... their energy comes from the oxidation of sulfur and/or cellular respiration in which sulfur acts as the final electron acceptor ...
IHM expert provide Intense care, artificial respiration, Home mechanical ventilation services, Munich, We provide observation and treatment care to seriously ill and mechanically ventilated humans on the highest level.
BACKGROUND: During synchronised mechanical ventilation, positive airway pressure and spontaneous inspiration coincide. If synchronous ventilation is provoked, adequate gas exchange should be achieved at lower peak airway pressures, potentially reducing baro/volutrauma, air leak and bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Synchronous ventilation can potentially be achieved by manipulation of rate and inspiratory time during conventional ventilation and employment of patient-triggered ventilation. OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy of:(i) synchronised mechanical ventilation, delivered as high-frequency positive pressure ventilation (HFPPV) or patient-triggered ventilation (assist control ventilation (ACV) and synchronous intermittent mandatory ventilation (SIMV)), with conventional ventilation or high-frequency oscillation (HFO);(ii) different types of triggered ventilation (ACV, SIMV, pressure-regulated volume control ventilation (PRVCV), SIMV with pressure support (PS) and pressure support ventilation (PSV ...
As a prize winning detective novel, Artificial Respiration reaches through many levels of mystery to explore the forces that have been at play in Argentina throughout its violent history. The narrator, a writer named Renzi, begins to look for an uncle who has vanished, a man he knows only through a web of contradictory family stories and an exchange of letters. Through these letters he learns about his uncles research into the life of Enrique Ossario, secretary to the 19th-century Argentine dictator Rosas and spy for the dictators enemy. As Renzis search leads further into his uncles work and to conversations with his literary and chess-playing friends, the reader is led by Piglia to consider the nature of Argentine identity, its literature and history, and its relation, for example, to Europe, exile, and democracy. Finally, and made most vividly appreciable by the retelling of a story in which Kafka meets Hitler, it is the encounter between literature and history that is explored ...
Fundamental Medical and Engineering Investigations on Protective Artificial Respiration und Buchbewertungen gibt es auf ReadRate.com. Bücher können hier direkt online erworben werden.
Definition of artificial respiration written for English Language Learners from the Merriam-Webster Learners Dictionary with audio pronunciations, usage examples, and count/noncount noun labels.
Acute respiratory distress syndrome causes a heterogeneous lung injury, and without protective mechanical ventilation a secondary ventilator-induced lung injury can occur. To ventilate noncompliant lung regions, high inflation pressures are required
Home Mechanical Ventilation in Europe started as tracheostomy ventilation in the late 1970s1; it remained under-utilized and restricted to specialized centres in France.. Due to the transition to non-invasive ventilator support, patients under Home Mechanical Ventilation (HMV) have grown worldwide.2. Indeed, HMV became widespread in Europe and a survey (Eurovent) presenting data from 2001 to 2002 in 16 European countries (including a total of 483 centres), showed a global prevalence of 6.6 per 100,000 with a wide variation between countries.3. In 2010, the European COPD audit (surveying 13 countries), showed that although a majority of centres offered invasive and noninvasive ventilation, 40.5% of centres declared not to have the capacity to ventilate at home all eligible patients.4. In fact, organization varies widely in Europe, in countries like Denmark, where patients are referred to only 2 respiratory care units (RCU)5 or Sweden where there are a wide number of outpatient clinics that take ...
This study is looking at whether there is a difference in outcomes using two different types of breathing support in those patients who have chronic respiratory failure (patients who under-breathe).. There is little data to demonstrate which mode of ventilation is better in terms of physiological outcomes and outcome data relating to patient symptoms.. We hypothesize that one type of breathing support: pressure support ventilation would be more comfortable for patients as it more closely matches a patients own respiratory pattern and and so leads to improved adherence and consequent improvement in quality of life.. Patients with respiratory failure will be randomly assigned to receive either pressure support ventilation or pressure control ventilation for the first 6 weeks and then cross-over to receive the mode not previously used for a further 6 weeks. They will have baseline data recorded and then be followed up after each 6 week block. ...
... -Your complete critical care bedside companion. Youll find everything you need on noninvasive and invasive ventilation strategies in this pocket guide. From initiation to management to weaning. Completely refreshed
Simulation training has been shown to be an effective method for medical education. But what about mechanical ventilation management specifically? A recent study at Summa Health System in Akron, Ohio, looked at the effectiveness of a mechanical ventilation boot camp for first year medical residents in surgery and emergency medicine.. The Summa Health study found that the boot camp was effective in increasing competency, knowledge, and confidence with ventilator management.. The three-day training incorporated hands-on scenarios using human patient manikins connected to IngMar Medicals ASL 5000 Breathing Simulator.. ...
Your patient is a 63-year-old smoker with COPD.. Hed been in fairly good health until a few months ago, when his doctors found a suspicious mass on a screening colonoscopy. Now, surgery is planned to resect part of his colon. Hes anxious, not just about his cancer diagnosis, but also about how his lungs will tolerate the intubation required for the procedure.. Is there anything we can do, he asks you, to decrease his risk of pulmonary complications?. Since the landmark ARDSnet trial of low tidal volume ventilation was published in NEJM in 2000, we have known that setting a ventilator to deliver lower volumes of air with higher levels of pressure protects injured lungs and saves lives.. However, this finding left doctors to wonder whether similar ventilator settings should be used in other populations - specifically patients with lung injuries other than acute respiratory distress syndrome, or those who are at risk for lung injury. In the medical units, these settings have become the ...
INTRODUCTION Few pediatric data exists on the ventilation mode and parameters that would provide the greatest benefit with the least risk to an individual pediatric patient with Acute Lung Injury (ALI). Current expert opinion is that it is reasonable to follow adult recommendations and to adapt clinical management in children according to adult data. In the absence of consensus and established guidelines for mechanical ventilation in children with ALI, we believe that the daily clinical practice in pediatric intensive care units is subject to great variations according to the experience, comfort and knowledge of the attending intensivist.. METHODS Objective: Describe invasive and non-invasive mechanical ventilation in pediatric cases of ALI.. Hypothesis: There is an important variability in the observed practice pattern of mechanical ventilation in pediatric cases of ALI.. Design: An international cross-sectional epidemiologic study in Pediatric Intensive Care Units on the observed practice ...
Ventilator-dependent patients with acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and acute severe asthma routinely receive bronchodilators to relieve bronchoconstriction. By reducing airway resistance, bronchodilators reduce the pressure required to ventilate the lung. This reduction in pressure may protect the lung against injury and enhance patient comfort. A general population of ventilated patients in a medical intensive care unit (ICU)2,3 and patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome4,5 showed improvement in expiratory airflow and airway resistance after bronchodilators. Infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia, and children with asthma, or bronchiolitis also receive bronchodilators on a routine basis.6-10 In ventilated patients with COPD, elevated airway resistance and intrinsic positive end-expiratory pressure are major causes for weaning failure.11 In these patients, bronchodilators may facilitate weaning.12 Therapy with bronchodilators is, therefore, ...
Vascular barrier dysfunction and acute lung inflammation are fundamental features that contribute to the significant mortality associated with VILI and ARDS. Despite advances in protective LTV ventilation strategies, effective pharmacotherapy for this devastating syndrome is lacking. Using an aseptic in vivo model of VILI, we show here for the first time that a single intravenous dose of OxPAPC significantly attenuates the early vascular barrier disruption and acute inflammation induced by mechanical ventilation at HTV. Intravenous OxPAPC significantly reduced alveolar and tissue inflammatory cell recruitment and protein accumulation in the BAL after 2 hours of mechanical ventilation at HTV.. In our previous study, we described similar protective effects of OxPAPC in an animal model of LPS-induced lung injury [20]. In that model, OxPAPC prevented neutrophil influx and barrier disruption likely in part via direct competitive inhibition of Toll-like receptor (TLR) binding [13, 19, 20]. However, ...
Artificial ventilation, also called artificial respiration is any means of assisting or stimulating respiration, a metabolic process referring to the overall exchange of gases in the body by pulmonary ventilation, external respiration, and internal respiration. It may take the form of manually providing air for a person who is not breathing or is not making sufficient respiratory effort on their own, or it may be mechanical ventilation involving the use of a mechanical ventilator to move air in and out of the lungs when an individual is unable to breathe on their own, for example during surgery with general anesthesia or when an individual is in a coma. Pulmonary anton ventilation (and hence external parts of respiration) is achieved through manual insufflation of the lungs either by the rescuer blowing into the patients lungs (mouth-to-mouth resuscitation), or by using a mechanical device to do so. This method of insufflation has been proved more effective than methods which involve mechanical ...
The debate on whether HFOV or conventional mechanical ventilation is the best ventilation strategy to support premature infants with RDS has gone on for more than 20 years.6 A Cochrane review that evaluated 17 studies that included 3,652 infants failed to obtain conclusive evidence as to which type of mechanical ventilation is more effective, and no Chinese population study was included in that review.19 The conflicting reports about HFOV versus conventional mechanical ventilation are probably due to heterogeneity in study design, subject characteristics, and outcome definition. Furthermore, the long-term neurodevelopmental outcomes of employing different kinds of ventilation initially for preterm infants with severe RDS are still uncertain.11,12,20. Our prospective and randomized investigation of initial use of HFOV versus SIMV-PSV in preterm Chinese infants with severe RDS found that the infants receiving HFOV had a significantly reduced incidence of death or BPD, shorter mechanical ...
Our in vivo model showed that mechanical ventilation at a high tidal volume increased total protein and MIP-2 in the BALF and increased the lung injury score and the number of apoptotic airway and alveolar wall cells. These phenomena are consistent with the alterations of VILI. The main finding of this study is that the development of VILI was associated with an increase of lung ANG II levels, and the deleterious effects were attenuated by an ACE inhibitor. These results are consistent with previous data indicating that high-volume ventilation may injure the lungs and suggest that the local tissue angiotensin mediates these harmful events in VILI.. Our finding of the highest BALF MIP-2 levels in rats subjected to HVZP ventilation suggests that mechanical ventilation can have a major influence on the inflammatory environment of normal lungs and may initiate or augment lung injury. Lung ANG II and BALF MIP-2 levels were increased in the ventilated groups, and there was a linear relation between ...
Apr 11, 2019 · Common indications for mechanical ventilation include the following: Bradypnea or apnea with respiratory arrest. Acute lung injury and the acute respiratory distress syndrome. Tachypnea (respiratory rate ,30 breaths per minute) Vital capacity less.. The purpose of this review is to describe the physiology and usefulness of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) during weaning from mechanical ventilation. BNP is a powerful diagnostic and prognostic tool.. In some cases, patients experienced respiratory failure requiring mechanical ventilation but subsequently improved with. due diligence when evaluating a patient who presents with these types of.. Mechanical ventilation, or assisted ventilation, is the medical term for artificial ventilation where mechanical means are used to assist or replace spontaneous breathing. This may involve a machine called a ventilator , or the breathing may be assisted manually by a suitably qualified professional, such as an anesthesiologist , respiratory ...
The management of the mechanical ventilator is one of the most complex and dynamic, yet ubiquitous issues to face the critical care physician. As we as a medical community have become more advanced, so too, have our ventilators, with new modes and variables having been added beyond more traditional modeslike Assist Control and Intermittent Mandatory Ventilation. This article is designed to give a very basic understanding of what the individual ventilatory modes do and how they are set.It is in no way meant to be a replacement for either a medical intensivist or a respiratory therapist.
A compilation of selected presentations given by critical care experts at the 2008 SCCM Summer Conference, Mechanical Ventilation: Trends in Adult and Pediatric Practice, provides thirteen articles on the key topics in mechanical ventilation. Articles include principles of mechanical ventilation, noninvasive ventilation for acute hypoxic respiratory failure, preventing ventilation-associated pneumonia, lung recruitment strategies, mechanical ventilation in neurologically ill patients, and weaning from mechanical ventilation ...
Initial S. aureus isolation was mixed with another microorganism in 35.5% of cases: Haemophilus influenzae (16.3%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (14%) and other Gram negative bacilli (58.1%). P. aeruginosa was subsequently isolated in 30 patients (24.8%). Twenty-one patients (17.3%) had a positive blood culture, and in 9 cases, the isolated microorganism was S. aureus (7.4%).. Respiratory adverse clinical outcome, including mortality related was associated with diagnosis of pneumonia (p,0.001) and staphylococcal bacteraemia (p=0.022) in univariate analysis, and only pneumonia in multivariate (p=0.001; OR: 38.4; IC95%: 4.606-320.165). Interestingly, clinical outcome was similar regardless of cloxacillin resistance. No statistical differences were found when considering ICU LOS, days on MV, age, APACHE-II and GCS.. When considering global mortality, it accounted for 48 patients (39.7%), and 6 cases were staphylococcal infection related. Mortality was significantly associated with the presence of ...
Ventilator management systems are provided. In one aspect, a ventilator management system includes a memory that includes an initial configuration profile configured to designate operating parameters for a ventilation device, and a processor. The processor is configured to receive ventilator data from the ventilation device, the ventilator data includes at least one of operating parameters of the ventilation device or physiological statistics of a patient associated with the ventilation device, and determine, based on the ventilator data, a modification to the initial configuration profile for the ventilation device. The processor is also configured to generate a modified configuration profile for the ventilation device based on the determined modification. Methods and machine-readable media are also provided.
Objective To assess current ventilation practices in newborn infants. Study design We conducted a 2-point cross-sectional study in 173 European neonatal intensive care units, including 535 infants (mean gestational age 28 weeks and birth weight 1024 g). Patient characteristics, ventilator settings, and measurements were collected bedside from endotracheally ventilated infants. Results A total of 457 (85%) patients were conventionally ventilated. Time cycled pressure-limited ventilation was used in 59% of these patients, most often combined with synchronized intermittent mandatory ventilation (51%). Newer conventional ventilation modes like volume targeted and pressure support ventilation were used in, respectively, 9% and 7% of the patients. The mean tidal volume, measured in 84% of the conventionally ventilated patients, was 5.7 +/- 2.3 ml/kg. The mean positive end-expiratory pressure was 4.5 +/- 1.1 cmH(2)O and rarely exceeded 7 cmH(2)O. Conclusions Time cycled pressure-limited ventilation is ...
We showed that abdominal edema and inflammatory markers in intestine and liver are increased by mechanical ventilation per se compared with spontaneous breathing in endotoxemic piglets.. In a previous study, we analyzed the impact of mechanical ventilation on abdominal lymph flow in the same sepsis-like model as in the present study [8]. The results showed that the abdominal lymph production increased with mechanical ventilation compared with spontaneous breathing with CPAP. At the same time, the lymph flow from the abdomen, passing through the thorax in the thoracic duct to major veins, was decreased. The increased lymph production was reasonably explained by increased capillary pressure promoting extravasation of fluid, whereas impeded drainage could be explained by compression of the thoracic duct by increased intrathoracic pressure. In the present study, we showed that the net result is abdominal fluid accumulation.. Not only was there an increased amount of ascites, but an increase of liver ...
Objectives. To establish whether survivors of penetrating trunk trauma recover adequately and spontaneously following critical illness. Material and methods. A prospective observational study was conducted. Intubated and ventilated males and females with penetrating trunk trauma (SV group (mechanical ventilation (MV) <5 days, N=13), LV group (MV ≥5 days, N=29)) were recruited from four intensive care units. Dynamometry, lung function tests, 6-minute walk distance (6MWD), oxygen uptake and quality of life (QOL), assessed with the short form-36 English UK version (SF-36) questionnaire, were recorded over a 6-month period following discharge. Results were compared with a healthy control group (N=40). Results. In the LV group, 6MWD was reduced in comparison wit h controls at 1 (p=0.00) and 3 months (p=0.00) after discharge. Morbidity correlated with 6MWD at 3 (p=0.03) and 6 months (p=0.02), and there was a reduction in strength at 1, 3 and 6 months relative to the SV group and controls (p=0.00 - 0.04
Move victim to fresh air. Apply artificial respiration if victim is not breathing. Do not use mouth-to-mouth method if victim ingested or inhaled the substance; induce artificial respiration with the aid of a pocket mask equipped with a one-way valve or other proper respiratory medical device. Administer oxygen if breathing is difficult ...
Move victim to fresh air. Apply artificial respiration if victim is not breathing. Do not use mouth-to-mouth method if victim ingested or inhaled the substance; induce artificial respiration with the aid of a pocket mask equipped with a one-way valve or other proper respiratory medical device. Administer oxygen if breathing is difficult ...
A digital helmet for eye care, comprising a helmet body (1), a front helmet shield (2), and an adjusting mechanism (3) provided on the helmet body (1), wherein the front helmet shield (2) is slidably connected to the helmet body (1) by m ...
He identified with what are usually called failures, he said. But what, he asked, is a failure? Perhaps a man with less than all the talents imaginable, but talented, more talented than many successful men. He has those gifts, he said, but he does not make use of them. He wastes them. So, he said, in essence he wastes his life. He was fascinated by all of those failures who wander around, especially on the fringes of the intellectual world, always with projects and books they mean to write, he said. There are many, he said, all over the place, but some of them are very interesting people, especially when they get older and know themselves well. I would search them out, he said, when I was young, as one seeks out the wise. There was a fellow, for instance, that I used to see often. In Poland. This man had made a career of being a student at the university, without ever being able to make up his mind to take the exams that he needed to finish his degree. In fact he left the university just before ...
In this regard, The Financial Times tells a curious episode from the kitchen of the negotiations. According to diplomats Jan Kees de Jager, the Dutch finance minister, and Wolfgang Schauble, his German counterpart, sent the Greek leaders back to the bondholder representatives, who were nearby in Brussels for an all-night meeting, to agree further cuts at least four times over the course of nearly 14 hours of negotiations. Ultimately, the private creditors agreed to write off 53.5% of the nominal value of Greek bonds, which means a 70% loss on the net present value of the debt. As a result it is expected about 100 billion euros of debt to be written off. Moreover, the private sector have also agreed to lower the interest rates on the new bonds - 2% for the first three years, 3% for the next 5 years and 4.2% thereafter. The bond exchange is expected to begin on 8 March and to last for several days. Though it is not clear how many of the private creditors will take part in the operation, according ...
This study has revealed that family members have both negative and positive experiences when caring for a ventilator-dependent family member with complex needs at home. Other studies have described comparable experiences [6-8].. Previous research has also illustrated families problems related to their encounters with the health care system when a family member has complex health care needs [7, 17]. Similar to the findings in our study, other studies have described the lack of understanding for the needs of the family [6, 18] and that families must often deal with a bureaucratic health care system [19-21]. In the present study, the fight against the system, or the community health care system, was the families main concern.. This may come as a surprise because Norway is one of the worlds richest countries in per capita terms and has a well-developed publicly financed health care system in addition to its strong patients rights legislation. However, care for these individuals represents ...
This type of ventilation uses fans, inlets, controls and roof exhausters in a pressure-controlled environment. Mechanical ventilation may also be required when there are structures such as bleachers or posts that may impede natural air flow through the building. The amount of artificial ventilation required also depends on climate and the number of horses in your barn.. A 2003 study1 by Penn States Dr. Eileen Fabian Wheeler - an associate professor of agricultural and biological engineering - suggests minimum recommendations on how much ventilation is required for every 1,000-pound horse. A fans power is determined by how many cubic feet of air it can exchange per minute (cfm). In cold temperatures, you will require a fan with at least a 25 cfm rating for effective moisture control. Mild weather requires fans with a 100 cfm rating for heat removal, while hot temperatures require fans with 200 - 350 cfm ratings.. There are three types of fans that can be used to achieve this.. Circulation Fans ...
Tobin MJ, Jubran A, Laghi F (2001) Patient-ventilator interaction. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 163:1059-1063 6. Nava S, Bruschi C, Rubini F, Palo A, Iotti G, Braschi A (1995) Respiratory response and inspiratory effort during pressure support ventilation in COPD patients. Intensive Care Med 21:871-879 7. Chao DC, Scheinhorn DJ, StearnHassenpflug M (1997) Patientventilator trigger asynchrony in prolonged mechanical ventilation. Chest 112:1592-1599 8. Dempsey JA, Skatrud JB (2001) Apnea following mechanical ventilation may be caused by nonchemical neuromechanical influences. With no respiratory muscle activity) at different lung volumes; thus, any change in esophageal pressure is referred to this line in the Campbell diagram in order to calculate the true muscular pressure developed by the patient. In normal subjects inspiration starts from the relaxation volume of the respiratory system (Vr), where the Pel(L) and Pel(cw) intersect (i. , where the tendency of the lung to recoil inward is equal to ...
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Learn more about Intubation and Mechanical Ventilation at Portsmouth Regional Hospital DefinitionReasons for ProcedurePossible ComplicationsWhat to ExpectCall Your...
Learn more about Intubation and Mechanical Ventilation at Memorial Hospital DefinitionReasons for ProcedurePossible ComplicationsWhat to ExpectCall Your Doctorrevision ...
Respiratory failure is a common problem in premature newborn infants due to the immaturity. In newborns with sufficient spontaneous breathing efforts, non-invasive ventilation support is commonly used, but intubation and mechanical ventilation are often unavoidable.
Durability - Mechanical ventilation in offices In many instances mechanical ventilation may be the only option to manage office environments. Peter Mayer of
The static respiratory system pressure-volume (P-V) curve is often measured in intubated, mechanically ventilated patients to make inferences about the mechanical properties of the lungs. Although the utility of P-V measurements in clinical decision-making remains to be established, the determinants of the P-V relationship should nevertheless be understood. The P-V curve is generated by inflating and deflating the relaxed respiratory system in a stepwise fashion between residual volume and total lung capacity. The airway occlusion pressure at each volume defines the corresponding elastic recoil pressures of the lungs and chest wall. Because the inflation and deflation relationships differ from each other, the resulting curve is often referred to as a P-V loop. The respiratory system P-V loop is the summation of individual lung and chest wall P-V loops, termed a Rahn diagram Failure to oxygenate is treated by recruitment methods, increased baseline airway pressures using CPAP, and restoration of ...
Severe sepsis is a leading cause of death in the developed world. There is limited clinical data whether medications such as statins, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs), and angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) impact sepsis-related outcomes.. We conducted a retrospective cohort study using Department of Veterans Affairs data of patients , 65 years hospitalized with severe sepsis. We propensity matched for the 3 medications simultaneously to examine the relationships of these medications on the outcomes of 30-day mortality and use of invasive mechanical ventilation.. Of the 9,527 potentially eligible patients we matched 2,422 cases to 2,422 controls. Mean age was 74.2 years, and 99% were male. Of the matched cohort, 59% were in the ICU within 24 hours, 35% received invasive mechanical ventilation, and 30-day mortality was 40%. We found that prior outpatient use of ARBs was associated with decreased 30-day mortality (odds ratio 0.58, 95% confidence interval 0.37-0.91) and ...
Nursing diagnosis for mechanical ventilation - Abgs are redrawn after p.R is on mechanical ventilation for 1 hour nursing question, what to do? Check. Http://www. Rncentral. Com/nursing-library/careplans/100_really_useful_web_sites_for_nurses
Course Fees :. 300 sar - Physician and Health Care Professionals. 200 sar - SSRC Members. 50 sar - Students and Interns. For more information :. Respiratory care Department. 00966-13-333-1366. [email protected] ...
Invasive ventilation. Classification, technique a... [Ugeskr Laeger. 1996] - PubMed result: "BiPAP/APRV can be described as a pressure controlled continuous high flow positive airway pressure system with a time-cycled change between a high inspiratory pressure level and a lower expiratory pressure level. Due to highly ...
BACKGROUND: The effects of individualised perioperative lung-protective ventilation (based on the open-lung approach [OLA]) on postoperative complications is unknown. We aimed to investigate the effects of intraoperative and postoperative ventilatory management in patients scheduled for abdominal surgery, compared with standard protective ventilation. METHODS: We did this prospective, multicentre, randomised controlled trial in 21 teaching hospitals in Spain. We enrolled patients who were aged 18 years or older, were scheduled to have abdominal surgery with an expected time of longer than 2 h, had intermediate-to-high-risk of developing postoperative pulmonary complications, and who had a body-mass index less than 35 kg/m2 ...
Difficulty weaning is an important ICU challenge. 20% to 30% of patients are difficult to wean from invasive mechanical ventilation
Duarte AG, Dhand R, Reid R, Fink JB, Tobin MJ, Jenne JW. Serum albuterol levels after metered-dose inhaler administration to mechanically-ventilated patients and health subjects. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 154:1658-1663, 1996 ...
Duarte AG, Dhand R, Reid R, Fink JB, Tobin MJ, Jenne JW. Serum albuterol levels after metered-dose inhaler administration to mechanically-ventilated patients and health subjects. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 154:1658-1663, 1996 ...
MAIN RESULTS: Three RCTs met our inclusion criteria. The studies enrolled 151 participants with CAP or immunosuppressed patients with pulmonary infiltrates. Overall, we found that non-invasive ventilation can reduce the risk of death in the ICU, odd ratio (OR) 0.28, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.09 to 0.88; endotracheal intubation, OR 0.26, 95% CI 0.11 to 0.61; complications, OR 0.23, 95% CI 0.08 to 0.70; and shorten ICU length of stay, mean duration (MD) -3.28, 95% CI -5.41 to -1.61.Non-invasive ventilation and standard oxygen supplementation via a Venturi mask were similar when measuring mortality in hospital, OR 0.54, 95% CI 0.11 to 2.68; two-month survival, OR 1.67, 95% CI 0.53 to 5.28; duration of hospital stay, MD -1.00, 95% CI -2.05 to 0.05; and duration of mechanical ventilation, standard MD -0.26, 95% CI -0.66 to 0.14. Some outcomes and complications of non-invasive ventilation were varied according to different participant populations. We also found that some subgroups had a high ...
On 30 June 1971, after an apparently normal reentry of the capsule of the Soyuz 11 mission, the recovery team opened the capsule to find the crew dead.[6][13][14]. Kerim Kerimov, chair of the State Commission, recalled: "Outwardly, there was no damage whatsoever. They knocked on the side, but there was no response from within. On opening the hatch, they found all three men in their couches, motionless, with dark-blue patches on their faces and trails of blood from their noses and ears. They removed them from the descent module. Dobrovolsky was still warm. The doctors gave artificial respiration. Based on their reports, the cause of death was suffocation."[15]. It quickly became apparent that they had asphyxiated. The fault was traced to a breathing ventilation valve, located between the orbital module and the descent module, that had been jolted open as the descent module separated from the service module, 12m 3s after retrofire.[16][17] The two were held together by explosive bolts designed to ...
Thus, in the postreanimation period it is characteristic that all forms of hypoxia develop, namely hypoxic, circulatory, anaemic, and tissue. For that reason the gravity of the pathological pro-cesses in the restorative period is predetermined not only by the character and duration of dying and clinical death, but also by the effectiveness of the measures applied in order to restore cardiac activity and respiration and avoid disturbances in the organisms other functions in the later postreanimation period.. Practice has shown that too low or too high a level of arterial pressure at the beginning of resuscitation, premature discontinuation of artificial respiration, pulmonary hypoventilation or hyperventilation, the administration of substances stimulating or causing sharp inhibi-tion of the still not wholly revived cells of the cerebral cortex in the early restorative period can all lead to death.. The gravest complications in the postreanimation period are functional disturbances of the ...
Inhalation: move victim to fresh air; keep individual calm and avoid any unnecessary exertion or movement; maintain airway and blood pressure; give oxygen if breathing is difficult - artificial respiration if victim is not breathing. Eye Contact: flush eyes immediately with running water or normal saline for at least 15 minutes; hold eyelids apart during irrigation; do not delay rinsing to avoid permanent eye injury. Skin Contact: unlikely that emergency treatment will be required; gently wrap affected part in blankets if warm water is not available or practical to use; allow circulation to return naturally; if adverse effects occur. Ingestion: treat symptomatically and supportively; if vomiting occurs, keep head lower than hips to prevent aspiration. In all instances except skin contact, unless needed, seek medical attention immediately. ...
The Toronto Centre of Excellence in Mechanical Ventilation (CoEMV) at St. Michaels Hospital leads in personalized and evidence-based mechanical ventilation through collaborative practice, education, research, and innovation.
Better ventilation performance. The Drager Oxylog® 3000 offers a sophisticated performance in emergency and transport ventilation - so good it can be used to ventilate critical-care patients in transfer situations. Your patients will appreciate not having to fight what they often feel is unpleasant: controlled ventilation. Here, the SIMV mode and other spontaneous modes can actively support a patients breathing. A new option is the combination of pressure-controlled and spontaneous ventilation during the entire breathing cycle (BIPAP*). Similar to a paramedic feeling the changed pressure in the bag when a patient starts breathing again, the Oxylog 3000® recognizes insufficient spontaneous breathing and can automatically support the patients breathing (ASB*). If intubation is to be avoided, non-invasive mask ventilation (NIV) with leakage compensation is possible. In the event of an apnea in the CPAP/PS mode, the Oxylog 3000 automatically initiates volume-controlled mandatory ventilation ...
INTERSPIRO REVITOX is an extra mask for quick connection to a Interspiro SCBA. Immediate assistance and fresh air can then be given to a casualty in a toxic atmosphere. In addition REVITOX has an unique feature - artificial respiration can be given, at once, without first removing the casualty from the scene ...
The multivariable model derived in this population-based cohort of extremely preterm infants has high (90%) discrimination to predict, on the first day of admission to the NICU, survival without morbidities, survival with mild morbidities, survival with severe morbidities, or mortality during NICU hospitalization. Internal bootstrap validation showed negligible overfitting bias in the ability of the model to discriminate between outcome groups. The 8 predictors include routinely collected data on GA, SGA, gender, inborn or outborn status, antenatal corticosteroid use, SNAPII score ,20, and receipt of surfactant and mechanical ventilation on the first day after NICU admission.. To our knowledge, this is the first statistical model developed to predict multiple points along the entire spectrum of outcome severity. Moreover, the predictive ability of our multiple-outcome model is comparable to recent models developed to predict mortality or survival free of severe morbidity.8,15,19,34 Because the ...
Adaptive support ventilation (ASV) is a positive pressure mode of mechanical ventilation that is closed-loop controlled, and automatically adjusts based on the patients requirements
Management of Extubation of a Patient Following a Prolonged Period of Mechanical Ventilation. In: Hung OR, Murphy MF. Hung O.R., Murphy M.F. Eds. Orlando R. Hung, and Michael F. Murphy.eds. Hungs Difficult and Failed Airway Management, 3e New York, NY: McGraw-Hill; . http://accessanesthesiology.mhmedical.com/content.aspx?bookid=2221§ionid=171846167. Accessed December 12, 2017 ...
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Free Online Library: Reflections on neonatal mechanical ventilation.(NEONATAL RESPIRATORY CARE) by FOCUS: Journal for Respiratory Care & Sleep Medicine; Health care industry Health, general Infants (Newborn) Newborn infants Pediatrics
This CE course reviews the pulmonary system, indications for intubation, and more so that nurses understand how to properly care for the patient requiring mechanical ventilation.
Purchase Advances in Mechanical Ventilation, An Issue of Clinics in Chest Medicine, Volume 37-4 - 1st Edition. Print Book & E-Book. ISBN 9780323477369, 9780323477574
Review of recent findings on outcomes in adults after mechanical ventilation for one week or more in the intensive care unit, exploring both patients and their family perspectives.
| Mechanical Ventilation Weaning Protocol | A Gold Standard Nurse-Led Approach in the ICU | | Walden University | | Abstract This paper explores fifteen
Preliminary assessment of an automated weaning system (SmartCare™/PS) compared to usual management of weaning from mechanical ventilation performed in the absence of formal protocols. A randomised, co
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A review paper published in the journal Critical Care discusses current problems associated with mechanical ventilation and some important suggestions to improve future care. The review focuses primarily on limiting tissue damage, thereby improving the sa
We will also try to use less invasive measures first to relieve the above concerns. But if these fail, mechanical ventilation would be indicated.
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Background and aim: There are some studies suggesting that adaptive support ventilation (ASV), a closed loop ventilation mode, shortens the weaning duration in some patient groups. We aimed to investigate the effect of ASV on total duration of mechanical ventilation (MV), weaning and intensive care unit (ICU) stay when compared to pressure controlled ventilation (PCV), a conventional mode.. Materials and Methods: Patients who were mechanically ventilated longer than 24 hours were randomized into ASV and PCV. Demographic data and total duration of MV, weaning and ICU stay, total number of manuplations, need for sedation and complications (self-extubation, ventilator associated pneumonia) were compared.. Results: Data are expressed as median (IQR). 96 patients (73 COPD) were enrolled between December 2011 and February 2012. Duration of weaning was 2 hours (2-7) in ASV and 4 hours (2-26) in PCV (p=0.013). Number of manuplations were 2 (1-3) in ASV and 3 (1-6) in PCV (p,0.001). When a subgroup ...
Health,For patients with acute respiratory failure a computer-driven system ... The study which was conducted in five medical-surgical ICUs in B...Laurent J. Brochard M.D. of the H?pital Henri Mondor in Créteil...
We utilize ECMO when indicated as a routine aspect of our protocolized approach to ARDS when other means of oxygenation and/or ventilation are insufficient or less safe.
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The goal was to thru-hike all 35 of the Catskill Mountains high peaks, i.e., those at least 3500 feet in elevation, and if possible set a new fastest known time. The records were: 2 days 15 hours held by Ted Cave Dog Keizer on a supported basis 4 days 13 hours held by Jan Wellford and…
Review question: We reviewed available evidence on the effects of early tracheostomy (≤ 10 days after tracheal intubation) as compared with late tracheostomy (, 10 days after tracheal intubation) in terms of mortality in critically ill patients who predicted to be on long-term artificial respiration.. Background: Tracheostomy is a surgical procedure in which an external artificial opening is made in the trachea (windpipe). Long-term mechanical ventilation (whereby a machine is used to mechanically assist breathing) is the most common situation for which tracheostomy is indicated for patients in intensive care units (ICUs). Early and late tracheostomies may be undertaken.. Study characteristics: The evidence is current to August 2013. We included eight studies with a total of 1977 patients allocated to either early or late tracheostomy. Four studies received financial support from different institutions that did not participate in the study or in preparing the content of the final ...
In the between-group comparison, there was no significant difference between the values for RSBI_MIN (34.78±14.65 and 38.63±12.31). In contrast, the RSBI_ESP was higher in the FG compared to the SG (80.09±20.71 and 60.94±24.64; p,0.05). In the FG, only one patient showed RSBI,105 cycles/min/L at the time of extubation.. Discussion This study compared RSBI measurements obtained with the aid of PSV to measurements obtained in accordance with criteria established by Yang and Tobin7, demonstrating that the use of ventilatory support can change the RSBI value in a population of critically ill patients who required MV for more than 72 hours. In an ICU, it is routine to perform clinical evaluations and daily evaluations of weaning parameters in an attempt to identify patients who are able to conduct an SBT and, thus, be extubated as early as possible to avoid complications associated with the long-term use of MV. Therefore, weaning parameters are used as tools to guide the decision to extubate ...
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The girls in boot camp at New River, North Carolina, who at the completion of their six weeks training period will be full fledged lady Leathernecks, have to take intensive training on a wide variety of subjects to keep pace with their brothers in arms. Here 2nd Lt Dorothy Mott of Oswego, New York, demonstrates to Pvt Cathe B. Greskowiak the method of artificial respiration.. ...
Definition of artificial respiration. Provided by Stedmans medical dictionary and Drugs.com. Includes medical terms and definitions.
Background: It has been shown that the application of a lung-protective mechanical ventilation strategy can improve the prognosis of patients with acute lung injury (ALI) or acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). However, the optimal mechanical ventilation strategy for intensive care unit (ICU) patients without ALI or ARDS is uncertain. Therefore, we performed a network meta-analysis to identify the optimal mechanical ventilation strategy for these patients.. Methods: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) in the Cochrane Library, EMBASE, MEDLINE, CINAHL, and Web of Science for studies published up to July 2015 in which pulmonary compliance or the partial pressure of arterial oxygen/fraction of inspired oxygen (PaO2/FIO2) ratio was assessed in ICU patients without ALI or ARDS, who received mechanical ventilation via different strategies. The data for study characteristics, methods, and outcomes were extracted. We assessed the studies for eligibility, ...
The main findings of this study were that both spontaneous nocturnal ventilation and sleep quality progressively improved with NMV in patients with thoracic restriction, measured by withdrawing NMV for one night at six (T6) and 12 months (T12-) after initiation of NMV. However, a mild degree of hypoventilation remained apparent during the withdrawal studies, especially during REM sleep. Along with ventilation, the greatest improvement in sleep quality was achieved during the intervention itself (T12+). To the best of our knowledge this is the first study to investigate spontaneous breathing and sleep quality after long term NMV, performing repeated measurements in patients with CRF due to thoracic restriction.. The study does, however, have several limitations. Firstly, the absence of a control group is a significant limitation but, because of ethical considerations, a control group without NMV was not considered acceptable. Furthermore, such a design would require the enrolment of a large ...
Previously the risks of ICD insertion in patients on mechanical ventilation has been described [5] however we presented the above case due to frequent referral of patients on mechanical ventilation to us with harmful complications of tube thoracostomy. Prior to ICD insertion in a patient on mechanical ventilation, the PEEP must be turned off and the ventilator must be disconnected briefly during the introduction of the ICD. In ICD insertion deploying Seldinger technique the same steps need to be taken for introducing the guide wire as well as the chest tube. Any ICD breaching the lung parenchyma should be removed after insertion of another ICD in the pleural space.. We believe the BTS guidelines [1] require a new revision with the view to including the mechanical ventilation as a hazardous clinical setting in "pre-drainage risk assessment" section. Furthermore ICD insertion needs to be explained separately in self- and mechanical-ventilating patients along with considering the clinical settings ...
How does your center manage the ventilator on ECMO patients? Ventilator Management on ECMO has been a debatable topic for many years.
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Results Of the 74 randomized patients (median age, 57 years; 18 [24%] women), 2 withdrew consent later and 1 was found to have been randomized incorrectly, leaving 39 patients in the dexmedetomidine group and 32 patients in the placebo group for analysis. Dexmedetomidine increased ventilator-free hours at 7 days compared with placebo (median, 144.8 hours vs 127.5 hours, respectively; median difference between groups, 17.0 hours [95% CI, 4.0 to 33.2 hours]; P = .01). Among the 21 a priori secondary outcomes, none were significantly worse with dexmedetomidine, and several showed statistically significant benefit, including reduced time to extubation (median, 21.9 hours vs 44.3 hours with placebo; median difference between groups, 19.5 hours [95% CI, 5.3 to 31.1 hours]; P less than .001) and accelerated resolution of delirium (median, 23.3 hours vs 40.0 hours; median difference between groups, 16.0 hours [95% CI, 3.0 to 28.0 hours]; P = .01). Using hierarchical Cox modeling to adjust for imbalanced ...
Abstract OBJECTIVE: The incidence, pathophysiology, and consequences of patient-ventilator asynchrony are poorly known. We assessed the incidence of patient-ventilator asynchrony d..
TY - JOUR. T1 - Acute respiratory failure in children. AU - Friedman, Matthew L.. AU - Nitu, Mara. PY - 2018/7/1. Y1 - 2018/7/1. N2 - This article reviews the definition, pathophysiology, etiology, assessment, and management of acute respiratory failure in children. Acute respiratory failure is the inability of the respiratory system to maintain oxygenation or eliminate carbon dioxide. Acute respiratory failure is a common cause for admission to a pediatric intensive care unit. Most causes of acute respiratory failure can be grouped into one of three categories: lung parenchymal disease, airway obstruction, or neuromuscular dysfunction. Many patients with acute respiratory failure are managed successfully with noninvasive respiratory support; however, in severe cases, patients may require intubation and mechanical ventilation.. AB - This article reviews the definition, pathophysiology, etiology, assessment, and management of acute respiratory failure in children. Acute respiratory failure is the ...
BACKGROUND: Limited data are available on the use of noninvasive ventilation in patients with asthma exacerbations. The objective of this study was to characterize hospital patterns of noninvasive ventilation use in patients with asthma and to evaluate the association with the use of invasive mechanical ventilation and case fatality rate. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used an electronic medical record dataset, which includes comprehensive pharmacy and laboratory results from 58 hospitals. Data on 13,558 patients admitted from 2009 to 2012 were analyzed. Initial noninvasive ventilation (NIV) or invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV) was defined as the first ventilation method during hospitalization. Hospital-level risk-standardized rates of NIV among all admissions with asthma were calculated by using a hierarchical regression model. Hospitals were grouped into quartiles of NIV to compare the outcomes. RESULTS: Overall, 90.3% of patients with asthma were not ventilated, 4.0% were ventilated with NIV
Mechanical ventilation is a common but technically challenging therapy that requires extensive education and experience to develop proficiency. This interactive computer module was developed to address a deficit in pediatric resident education. The instructional material focuses on respiratory physiology and basic concepts of conventional mechanical ventilation. In comparison to traditional didactic lectures, the computer module is brief, self-paced, and easily accessible and can be used whenever the pediatric resident has available time. These attributes are consistent with principles of adult learning and medical education.6,14. Residents preferred the interactive computer module compared to an annotated PowerPoint presentation with the same content. After using the module, they perceived an increase in self-confidence and had higher scores on a posttraining knowledge assessment. This demonstrates that self-directed learning is a feasible instructional method for learning this complex material ...
The overall goal of this thesis was to develop a dry powder delivery system for patients on mechanical ventilation. The studies were divided into two parts: the formulation development and the device design. The pulmonary system is an attractive route for drug delivery since the lungs have a large accessible surface area for treatment or drug absorption. For ventilated patients, inhaled drugs have to successfully navigate ventilator tubing and an endotracheal tube. Agglomerates of drug nanoparticles (also known as `NanoClusters) are fine dry powder aerosols that were hypothesized to enable drug delivery through ventilator circuits. This Thesis systematically investigated formulations of NanoClusters and their aerosol performance in a conventional inhaler and a device designed for use during mechanical ventilation. These engineered powders of budesonide (NC-Bud) were delivered via a Monodose® inhaler or a novel device through commercial endotracheal tubes, and analyzed by cascade impaction. ...
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) can lead to intensive care unit (ICU) admission with some patients requiring the need for invasive mechanical ventilation. Acetazolamide has been used as a respiratory stimulant in patients with COPD and metabolic alkalosis. Faisy and colleagues conducted the DIABLO study to determine whether acetazolamide reduces mechanical ventilation duration in critically ill patients with COPD and metabolic alkalosis. The DIABLO study was a randomized, double-blind, multicenter, parallel-group trial conducted from October 2011 to July 2014 in 15 ICUs in France. Patients were randomized to receive either 500 mg or 1000 mg (if loop diuretics were co-prescribed) of acetazolamide twice daily or placebo (10mL of saline). The primary end point of the study was duration of invasive mechanical ventilation via endotracheal intubation or tracheotomy with secondary end points including alterations in arterial blood gas and respiratory parameters, weaning duration, adverse ...
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Pearl: Strongly consider using lung-protective ventilation strategies in patient with acute respiratory failure in the emergency department3. Most patients in the ED should be placed on assist-control (AC) mode, which is usually a volume cycled or (tidal) volume controlled mode of mechanical ventilation after intubation.. Ventilation (PaCO2) settings - Tidal volume (Vt) and respiratory rate (RR). For most patient, choose Vt 6-8 cc/kg (ideal body weight) In this patient with only one lung, target 6 cc/kg initially then reduce the TV if needed (we chose 260 cc). Consider the minute ventilation the patient required before intubation as well as the cause of respiratory failure when choosing a starting point.. Oxygenation (PaO2) settings - FiO2 and PEEP. Initially start your patient on 100% FiO2 and wean down to a goal of , 60%. In patients requiring single lung ventilation, its likely they will require higher FiO2s. PEEP is positive end expiratory pressure, which helps to keep alveoli open during ...
LONDON - Revenues of the worlds mechanical ventilator market is predicted to reach USD 3.7 billion by the year 2022, registering increase at a 5.2% CAGR in the next 5 years. Among all the products, the biggest share of the overall market is predicted to be held by intensive mechanical ventilators.. Robust growth in the worlds mechanical ventilator market is spurred by a number of factors, including increasing number of old population and remarkable technological advancements, amid others. Continuous technological progress resulted in the introduction of new generation of machines with new variants in ventilation modes, designed primarily for patients comfort.. However, some factors could hamper further growth in the global mechanical ventilator market such as high cost of intensive care units. But, governmental bodies together with healthcare officials make attempts to solve this problem. Top participants in the market include Mindray Medical International Limited, Smiths Group, Becton ...
When spontaneous breathing is no longer sufficient to maintain alveolar ventilation and subsequent gas exchanges, noninvasive mechanical ventilation may be applied to reduce the ventilatory work of breathing. It has become a standard procedure to relieve patients with acute or chronic respiratory failure. Noninvasive ventilation is commonly applied during nocturnal session. Consequently, patient-ventilator interactions may affect the quality of sleep. Noninvasive ventilation is performed using two-level of pressure ventilator, the higher level corresponding to the positive inspiratory pressure (PIP) and the lower lever to the positive expiratory pressure (PEP).. In routine measurements, polysomnographies in the sleep laboratory were performed using a pneumotachograph proximal to the patients interface, allowing to record airflow and proximal airway pressures. Tracheal sounds via a suprasternal microphone, thoracic and abdominal motion, actimetry, SpaO2 and heart rate where also measured. In ...
BackgroundMechanical ventilation causes ventilator-induced lung injury in animals and humans. Mitogen-activated protein kinases have been implicated in ventilator-induced lung injury though their functional significance remains incomplete. We characterize the role of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase/mitogen activated protein kinase kinase-3 and c-Jun-NH2-terminal kinase-1 in ventilator-induced lung injury and investigate novel independent mechanisms contributing to lung injury during mechanical ventilation.Methodology and Principle FindingsC57/BL6 wild-type mice and mice genetically deleted for mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase-3 (mkk-3−/−) or c-Jun-NH2-terminal kinase-1 (jnk1−/−) were ventilated, and lung injury parameters were assessed. We demonstrate that mkk3−/− or jnk1−/− mice displayed significantly reduced inflammatory lung injury and apoptosis relative to wild-type mice. Since jnk1−/− mice were highly resistant to ventilator-induced lung injury, we performed
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Ventilator-associated lung injury (VALI) is an acute lung injury that develops during mechanical ventilation and is termed ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI) if it can be proven that the mechanical ventilation caused the acute lung injury. In contrast, ventilator-associated lung injury (VALI) exists if the cause cannot be proven. VALI is the appropriate term in most situations because it is virtually impossible to prove what actually caused the lung injury in the hospital. It is generally regarded, based on animal models and human studies, that volutrauma is the most harmful aspect of mechanical ventilation. This may be regarded as the over-stretching of the airways and alveoli. During mechanical ventilation, the flow of gas into the lung will take the path of least resistance. Areas of the lung that are collapsed (atelectasis) or filled with secretions will be underinflated, while those areas that are relatively normal will be overinflated. These areas will become over distended and injured. ...
Lung function and respiratory symptoms were studied in 40 children aged 8-18 years who had been ventilated for hyaline membrane disease after birth; 11 had had bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Also studied were 38 age matched children who had had hyaline membrane disease but had not required ventilation, 25 unmatched children who were born prematurely but did not develop hyaline membrane disease, and 39 randomly selected pupils of similar age. There was no difference in thoracic gas volume, total lung capacity, inspiratory vital capacity, residual volume, or transfer factor for carbon monoxide between the groups. Respiratory symptoms during the three years before the study and the frequency of clinically diagnosed asthma in patients and their family were similar in all the children with hyaline membrane disease irrespective of whether they had been ventilated or had had bronchopulmonary dysplasia. The children with bronchopulmonary dysplasia, however, had a lower forced expiratory volume in one ...
Simelaro J, Greenberg R, Cannavo J. Intermittent mandatory ventilation and continuous positive airway pressure: two inexpensive methods of delivery. J Am Osteopath Assoc 1980;79(6):383. doi: 10.7556/jaoa.1980.79.6.383.. Download citation file:. ...
This is the first study to evaluate use of CPAP for the treatment of flail chest caused by blunt thoracic trauma. Many other therapeutic approaches, including surgical, have been previously reported. In the past, especially in cases of severe lung contusion and prolonged mechanical ventilation, surgery has been recommended for external stabilisation of the chest wall.11-13 The first modern approach to flail chest was that of Avery et al, who reported that continued mechanical ventilation was required to achieve the internal stabilisation of the chest wall.14 Cullen et al recommended IMV for stabilisation in the treatment of flail chest injury.15 Antonelli et al, however, reported that the mechanical ventilation procedure should be more selective and showed that application of the two different ventilatory techniques (invasive with non-invasive ventilatory treatment) in hypoxaemic respiratory failure resulted in similar short term improvements in arterial blood gases, while non-invasive ...

The Nobel Prizes in 1901-2019 - Welcome to the Nobel Books.The Nobel Prizes in 1901-2019 - Welcome to the Nobel Books.

"for the invention and development of the cyclotron and for results obtained with it, especially with regard to artificial ... "for the discovery of the role played by the sinus and aortic mechanisms in the regulation of respiration" ...
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Artificial respiration | Britannica.comArtificial respiration | Britannica.com

Artificial respiration, breathing induced by some manipulative technique when natural respiration has ceased or is faltering. ... National Center for Biotechnology Information - PubMed Central - Artificial Respiration. *Academia - Artificial Respiration: On ... Artificial respiration, breathing induced by some manipulative technique when natural respiration has ceased or is faltering. ... Various methods of artificial respiration, most based on the application of external force to the lungs, were once used. ...
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Artificial Respiration | Encyclopedia.comArtificial Respiration | Encyclopedia.com

artificial respiration, any measure that causes air to flow in and out of a persons lungs when natural breathing is inadequate ... artificial respiration (artificial ventilation) n. an emergency procedure for maintaining a flow of air into and out of a ... artificial respiration, any measure that causes air to flow in and out of a persons lungs when natural breathing is inadequate ... Respiration can be taken over by an artificial lung (especially in respiratory paralysis), a pulmotor, or any other type of ...
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Artificial Respiration - MRI + Gathaspar | Last.fmArtificial Respiration - MRI + Gathaspar | Last.fm

Artificial Respiration. Discover more music, concerts, videos, and pictures with the largest catalogue online at Last.fm. ...
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Artificial respiration definition | Drugs.comArtificial respiration definition | Drugs.com

Definition of artificial respiration. Provided by Stedmans medical dictionary and Drugs.com. Includes medical terms and ...
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Artificial Respiration | Duke University PressArtificial Respiration | Duke University Press

Artificial Respiration. Author(s): Ricardo Piglia. Translator(s): Daniel Balderston. Published: March 1994 Pages: 240. Sales/ ... Artificial Respiration is his first book in English. His other books have been translated into Portuguese, French, Italian, and ... Sometime ago I wrote in the New York Times Book Review that it was a shame that Artificial Respiration by Ricardo Piglia, one ... As a prize winning detective novel, Artificial Respiration reaches through many levels of mystery to explore the forces that ...
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Artificial-respiration Synonyms, Artificial-respiration Antonyms | Thesaurus.comArtificial-respiration Synonyms, Artificial-respiration Antonyms | Thesaurus.com

Synonyms for artificial-respiration at Thesaurus.com with free online thesaurus, antonyms, and definitions. Dictionary and Word ...
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Artificial respiration Synonyms, Artificial respiration Antonyms | Thesaurus.comArtificial respiration Synonyms, Artificial respiration Antonyms | Thesaurus.com

Synonyms for artificial respiration at Thesaurus.com with free online thesaurus, antonyms, and definitions. Find descriptive ... If spasms threaten respiration, artificial respiration is necessary.. By the aid of artificial respiration, &c., she recovered ... None had better than Robert, the technic of artificial respiration.. Artificial respiration must be started as soon as possible ... Proceed to restore breathing by artificial respiration as in drowning.. It had been touch and go for his life, but artificial ...
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Greece Set on Artificial RespirationGreece Set on Artificial Respiration

... Published on 21 February 2012 17:13. , Ralitsa Kovacheva, Sofia Last change on 22 ...
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Artificial Respiration Procedure Sign F6949 - by SafetySign.comArtificial Respiration Procedure Sign F6949 - by SafetySign.com

Artificial Respiration Procedure Sign - Fast shipping, direct from the USA manufacturer. Order your Artificial Respiration ... This Artificial Respiration Procedure Sign uses informational messages for property and swimming policy concerns. An Artificial ... The Artificial Respiration Procedure Sign from SafetySign.com uses this font because it works well for both large and small ... Artificial Respiration Procedure 1. Check The Victim For Unresponsiveness. Call 911 And Return To The Victim. In Most Loca … ...
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Artificial respiration for the Baltic Sea  - Stockholm University Baltic Sea CentreArtificial respiration for the Baltic Sea - Stockholm University Baltic Sea Centre

... "benefits and disadvantages of artificial oxygenation" (Jouni Lehtoranta and Heikki Pitkänen, SYKE). "Can a reduction of ...
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A Device for Artificial Respiration | Anesthesiology | ASA PublicationsA Device for Artificial Respiration | Anesthesiology | ASA Publications

A Device for Artificial Respiration You will receive an email whenever this article is corrected, updated, or cited in the ... A Device for Artificial Respiration. Anesthesiology 5 1961, Vol.22, 495. doi: ...
more infohttp://anesthesiology.pubs.asahq.org/article.aspx?articleid=1968148

Artificial respiration - Definition for English-Language Learners from Merriam-Websters Learners DictionaryArtificial respiration - Definition for English-Language Learners from Merriam-Webster's Learner's Dictionary

Definition of artificial respiration written for English Language Learners from the Merriam-Webster Learners Dictionary with ... Artificial respiration can be done by pressing on the persons chest, by blowing into the persons mouth, or by using a special ... What made you want to look up artificial respiration? Include any comments and questions you have about this word. ...
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On the Use of Artificial Respiration and Transfusion as a Means of Preserving Life | The BMJOn the Use of Artificial Respiration and Transfusion as a Means of Preserving Life | The BMJ

On the Use of Artificial Respiration and Transfusion as a Means of Preserving Life Br Med J 1873; 1 :555 ... On the Use of Artificial Respiration and Transfusion as a Means of Preserving Life ... On the Use of Artificial Respiration and Transfusion as a Means of Preserving Life ... On the Use of Artificial Respiration and Transfusion as a Means of Preserving Life. Br Med J 1873; 1 doi: https://doi.org/ ...
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Tracheostomy Cannula for Speaking During Artificial Respiration | Anesthesiology | ASA PublicationsTracheostomy Cannula for Speaking During Artificial Respiration | Anesthesiology | ASA Publications

Tracheostomy Cannula for Speaking During Artificial Respiration You will receive an email whenever this article is corrected, ... O. HESSLER, K. REHDER, S. W. CARVETH; Tracheostomy Cannula for Speaking During Artificial Respiration. Anesthesiology 1964;25(5 ... Tracheostomy Cannula for Speaking During Artificial Respiration. Anesthesiology 9 1964, Vol.25, 719-720. doi: ...
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DE4447186A1 - Larynx mask for fibre optic endotracheal intubation with simultaneous artificial respiration 
        - Google...DE4447186A1 - Larynx mask for fibre optic endotracheal intubation with simultaneous artificial respiration - Google...

Here, the cap closes the lip valve so thick that in any case, leakage can occur when artificial respiration , II: Lippenventil ... Larynx mask for fibre optic endotracheal intubation with simultaneous artificial respiration Country Status (1). Country. Link ... Larynx mask for fibre optic endotracheal intubation with simultaneous artificial respiration Publications (1). Publication ... Larynx mask for fibre optic endotracheal intubation with simultaneous artificial respiration Info. Publication number. ...
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Ventilations Parameters Applied in Emergency Medicine. A Prospective Observational Study | Clinical Research Trial Listing (...Ventilation's Parameters Applied in Emergency Medicine. A Prospective Observational Study | Clinical Research Trial Listing (...

Artificial respiration , Aspects of mortality statistics , Protective Ventilation , ADULT RESPIRATORY DISTRESS SYNDROME , ... Conditions: Survival , Artificial respiration , Aspects of mortality statistics , Protective Ventilation , ADULT RESPIRATORY ...
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Timing of tracheostomy for critically ill patients who are predicted to be on long-term artificial respiration | CochraneTiming of tracheostomy for critically ill patients who are predicted to be on long-term artificial respiration | Cochrane

Timing of tracheostomy for critically ill patients who are predicted to be on long-term artificial respiration. Review question ... in terms of mortality in critically ill patients who predicted to be on long-term artificial respiration. ... Background: Tracheostomy is a surgical procedure in which an external artificial opening is made in the trachea (windpipe). ...
more infohttp://www.cochrane.org/CD007271/ANAESTH_timing-of-tracheostomy-for-critically-ill-patients-who-are-predicted-to-be-on-long-term-artificial-respiration

Artificial Blood and RespirationArtificial Blood and Respiration

... contributed by Robert A. Freitas Jr.. © Copyright 2000, Robert A. Freitas Jr.. All rights ... Medical nanorobots can be employed as artificial oxygen carriers in the blood (see Respirocytes), thus assisting and extending ...
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Anatomy, physiology, therapeutic treatment, or surgery relating to human being > Cardiac massage or artificial respiration > ...Anatomy, physiology, therapeutic treatment, or surgery relating to human being > Cardiac massage or artificial respiration > ...

Cardiac massage or artificial respiration. Description: Subject matter relating to manipulation of the heart to revive its beat ... Artificial tooth root and method of manufacturing same. Semiconductor laser device with integrated reflector on a (511) tilted ...
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CPR and Artificial Respiration for KittensCPR and Artificial Respiration for Kittens

How to Perform Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Artificial Respiration Artificial respiration (AR) and cardiopulmonary ... An endotracheal tube will be placed and oxygen used for artificial respiration. (An endotracheal tube is a tube placed in the ... If the cats heart stops, use both artificial respiration and CPR (steps 7-10) ... and some can be severe enough to require cardiopulmonary resuscitation or artificial respiration. Regular check-ups and prompt ...
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  • In 1773, English physician William Hawes (1736-1808) began publicising the power of artificial respiration to resuscitate people who superficially appeared to have drowned. (wikipedia.org)