Resins, Plant: Flammable, amorphous, vegetable products of secretion or disintegration, usually formed in special cavities of plants. They are generally insoluble in water and soluble in alcohol, carbon tetrachloride, ether, or volatile oils. They are fusible and have a conchoidal fracture. They are the oxidation or polymerization products of the terpenes, and are mixtures of aromatic acids and esters. Most are soft and sticky, but harden after exposure to cold. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed & Dorland, 28th ed)Composite Resins: Synthetic resins, containing an inert filler, that are widely used in dentistry.Odds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.Acrylic ResinsResins, Synthetic: Polymers of high molecular weight which at some stage are capable of being molded and then harden to form useful components.Plant Leaves: Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)Plant Proteins: Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.Plant Roots: The usually underground portions of a plant that serve as support, store food, and through which water and mineral nutrients enter the plant. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982; Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Ion Exchange Resins: High molecular weight, insoluble polymers which contain functional groups that are capable of undergoing exchange reactions (ION EXCHANGE) with either cations or anions.Genes, Plant: The functional hereditary units of PLANTS.Plant Extracts: Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.Plant Shoots: New immature growth of a plant including stem, leaves, tips of branches, and SEEDLINGS.Materials Testing: The testing of materials and devices, especially those used for PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; SUTURES; TISSUE ADHESIVES; etc., for hardness, strength, durability, safety, efficacy, and biocompatibility.Plants, Medicinal: Plants whose roots, leaves, seeds, bark, or other constituent parts possess therapeutic, tonic, purgative, curative or other pharmacologic attributes, when administered to man or animals.Self-Curing of Dental Resins: The hardening or polymerization of bonding agents (DENTAL CEMENTS) via chemical reactions, usually involving two components. This type of dental bonding uses a self-cure or dual-cure system.DNA, Plant: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of plants.Plant Development: Processes orchestrated or driven by a plethora of genes, plant hormones, and inherent biological timing mechanisms facilitated by secondary molecules, which result in the systematic transformation of plants and plant parts, from one stage of maturity to another.Epoxy Resins: Polymeric resins derived from OXIRANES and characterized by strength and thermosetting properties. Epoxy resins are often used as dental materials.Methacrylates: Acrylic acids or acrylates which are substituted in the C-2 position with a methyl group.Plants, Toxic: Plants or plant parts which are harmful to man or other animals.Dental Materials: Materials used in the production of dental bases, restorations, impressions, prostheses, etc.Plant Cells: Basic functional unit of plants.Plant Stems: Parts of plants that usually grow vertically upwards towards the light and support the leaves, buds, and reproductive structures. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Dental Bonding: An adhesion procedure for orthodontic attachments, such as plastic DENTAL CROWNS. This process usually includes the application of an adhesive material (DENTAL CEMENTS) and letting it harden in-place by light or chemical curing.Bisphenol A-Glycidyl Methacrylate: The reaction product of bisphenol A and glycidyl methacrylate that undergoes polymerization when exposed to ultraviolet light or mixed with a catalyst. It is used as a bond implant material and as the resin component of dental sealants and composite restorative materials.Anion Exchange Resins: High-molecular-weight insoluble polymers that contain functional cationic groups capable of undergoing exchange reactions with anions.Genome, Plant: The genetic complement of a plant (PLANTS) as represented in its DNA.Polymethacrylic Acids: Poly-2-methylpropenoic acids. Used in the manufacture of methacrylate resins and plastics in the form of pellets and granules, as absorbent for biological materials and as filters; also as biological membranes and as hydrogens. Synonyms: methylacrylate polymer; poly(methylacrylate); acrylic acid methyl ester polymer.Methylmethacrylates: The methyl esters of methacrylic acid that polymerize easily and are used as tissue cements, dental materials, and absorbent for biological substances.Dental Stress Analysis: The description and measurement of the various factors that produce physical stress upon dental restorations, prostheses, or appliances, materials associated with them, or the natural oral structures.Arabidopsis: A plant genus of the family BRASSICACEAE that contains ARABIDOPSIS PROTEINS and MADS DOMAIN PROTEINS. The species A. thaliana is used for experiments in classical plant genetics as well as molecular genetic studies in plant physiology, biochemistry, and development.Plants, Edible: An organism of the vegetable kingdom suitable by nature for use as a food, especially by human beings. Not all parts of any given plant are edible but all parts of edible plants have been known to figure as raw or cooked food: leaves, roots, tubers, stems, seeds, buds, fruits, and flowers. The most commonly edible parts of plants are FRUIT, usually sweet, fleshy, and succulent. Most edible plants are commonly cultivated for their nutritional value and are referred to as VEGETABLES.Plant Structures: The parts of plants, including SEEDS.Cation Exchange Resins: High molecular weight insoluble polymers which contain functional anionic groups that are capable of undergoing exchange reactions with cations.Denture Bases: The part of a denture that overlies the soft tissue and supports the supplied teeth and is supported in turn by abutment teeth or the residual alveolar ridge. It is usually made of resins or metal or their combination.Hardness: The mechanical property of material that determines its resistance to force. HARDNESS TESTS measure this property.Plant Growth Regulators: Any of the hormones produced naturally in plants and active in controlling growth and other functions. There are three primary classes: auxins, cytokinins, and gibberellins.Surface Properties: Characteristics or attributes of the outer boundaries of objects, including molecules.Dentin-Bonding Agents: Cements that act through infiltration and polymerization within the dentinal matrix and are used for dental restoration. They can be adhesive resins themselves, adhesion-promoting monomers, or polymerization initiators that act in concert with other agents to form a dentin-bonding system.Light-Curing of Dental Adhesives: The hardening or polymerization of bonding agents (DENTAL CEMENTS) via exposure to light.Polymerization: Chemical reaction in which monomeric components are combined to form POLYMERS (e.g., POLYMETHYLMETHACRYLATE).Arabidopsis Proteins: Proteins that originate from plants species belonging to the genus ARABIDOPSIS. The most intensely studied species of Arabidopsis, Arabidopsis thaliana, is commonly used in laboratory experiments.Tensile Strength: The maximum stress a material subjected to a stretching load can withstand without tearing. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed, p2001)Pliability: The quality or state of being able to be bent or creased repeatedly. (From Webster, 3d ed)Polyurethanes: A group of thermoplastic or thermosetting polymers containing polyisocyanate. They are used as ELASTOMERS, as coatings, as fibers and as foams.Silanes: Compounds similar to hydrocarbons in which a tetravalent silicon atom replaces the carbon atom. They are very reactive, ignite in air, and form useful derivatives.Methylmethacrylate: The methyl ester of methacrylic acid. It polymerizes easily to form POLYMETHYL METHACRYLATE. It is used as a bone cement.Plant Immunity: The inherent or induced capacity of plants to withstand or ward off biological attack by pathogens.Silorane Resins: Polymeric resins containing a combination of SILOXANES and OXIRANES.Potassium Channels, Calcium-Activated: Potassium channels whose activation is dependent on intracellular calcium concentrations.Dental Restoration, Permanent: A restoration designed to remain in service for not less than 20 to 30 years, usually made of gold casting, cohesive gold, or amalgam. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Dental Polishing: Creation of a smooth and glossy surface finish on a denture or amalgam.Dental Cements: Substances used to bond COMPOSITE RESINS to DENTAL ENAMEL and DENTIN. These bonding or luting agents are used in restorative dentistry, ROOT CANAL THERAPY; PROSTHODONTICS; and ORTHODONTICS.Shear Strength: The internal resistance of a material to moving some parts of it parallel to a fixed plane, in contrast to stretching (TENSILE STRENGTH) or compression (COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH). Ionic crystals are brittle because, when subjected to shear, ions of the same charge are brought next to each other, which causes repulsion.Dentin: The hard portion of the tooth surrounding the pulp, covered by enamel on the crown and cementum on the root, which is harder and denser than bone but softer than enamel, and is thus readily abraded when left unprotected. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Plant Epidermis: A thin layer of cells forming the outer integument of seed plants and ferns. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Polymethyl Methacrylate: Polymerized methyl methacrylate monomers which are used as sheets, moulding, extrusion powders, surface coating resins, emulsion polymers, fibers, inks, and films (From International Labor Organization, 1983). This material is also used in tooth implants, bone cements, and hard corneal contact lenses.Acid Etching, Dental: Preparation of TOOTH surfaces and DENTAL MATERIALS with etching agents, usually phosphoric acid, to roughen the surface to increase adhesion or osteointegration.Plant Stomata: Closable openings in the epidermis of plants on the underside of leaves. They allow the exchange of gases between the internal tissues of the plant and the outside atmosphere.Angiosperms: Members of the group of vascular plants which bear flowers. They are differentiated from GYMNOSPERMS by their production of seeds within a closed chamber (OVARY, PLANT). The Angiosperms division is composed of two classes, the monocotyledons (Liliopsida) and dicotyledons (Magnoliopsida). Angiosperms represent approximately 80% of all known living plants.Prosthesis Coloring: Coloring, shading, or tinting of prosthetic components, devices, and materials.Dental Marginal Adaptation: The degree of approximation or fit of filling material or dental prosthetic to the tooth surface. A close marginal adaptation and seal at the interface is important for successful dental restorations.Hardness Tests: A test to determine the relative hardness of a metal, mineral, or other material according to one of several scales, such as Brinell, Mohs, Rockwell, Vickers, or Shore. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Microscopy, Electron, Scanning: Microscopy in which the object is examined directly by an electron beam scanning the specimen point-by-point. The image is constructed by detecting the products of specimen interactions that are projected above the plane of the sample, such as backscattered electrons. Although SCANNING TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY also scans the specimen point by point with the electron beam, the image is constructed by detecting the electrons, or their interaction products that are transmitted through the sample plane, so that is a form of TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY.Inlays: Restorations of metal, porcelain, or plastic made to fit a cavity preparation, then cemented into the tooth. Onlays are restorations which fit into cavity preparations and overlay the occlusal surface of a tooth or teeth. Onlays are retained by frictional or mechanical factors.Color: The visually perceived property of objects created by absorption or reflection of specific wavelengths of light.Dental Restoration Failure: Inability or inadequacy of a dental restoration or prosthesis to perform as expected.Water: A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Seeds: The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.Dental Restoration Wear: Occlusal wear of the surfaces of restorations and surface wear of dentures.Glass: Hard, amorphous, brittle, inorganic, usually transparent, polymerous silicate of basic oxides, usually potassium or sodium. It is used in the form of hard sheets, vessels, tubing, fibers, ceramics, beads, etc.Dental Enamel: A hard thin translucent layer of calcified substance which envelops and protects the dentin of the crown of the tooth. It is the hardest substance in the body and is almost entirely composed of calcium salts. Under the microscope, it is composed of thin rods (enamel prisms) held together by cementing substance, and surrounded by an enamel sheath. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p286)Crowns: A prosthetic restoration that reproduces the entire surface anatomy of the visible natural crown of a tooth. It may be partial (covering three or more surfaces of a tooth) or complete (covering all surfaces). It is made of gold or other metal, porcelain, or resin.Zirconium: Zirconium. A rather rare metallic element, atomic number 40, atomic weight 91.22, symbol Zr. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Wettability: The quality or state of being wettable or the degree to which something can be wet. This is also the ability of any solid surface to be wetted when in contact with a liquid whose surface tension is reduced so that the liquid spreads over the surface of the solid.Plant Poisoning: Poisoning by the ingestion of plants or its leaves, berries, roots or stalks. The manifestations in both humans and animals vary in severity from mild to life threatening. In animals, especially domestic animals, it is usually the result of ingesting moldy or fermented forage.Phosphoric Acids: Inorganic derivatives of phosphoric acid (H3PO4). Note that organic derivatives of phosphoric acids are listed under ORGANOPHOSPHATES.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Plant Transpiration: The loss of water vapor by plants to the atmosphere. It occurs mainly from the leaves through pores (stomata) whose primary function is gas exchange. The water is replaced by a continuous column of water moving upwards from the roots within the xylem vessels. (Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Lycopersicon esculentum: A plant species of the family SOLANACEAE, native of South America, widely cultivated for their edible, fleshy, usually red fruit.Flowers: The reproductive organs of plants.Adhesiveness: A property of the surface of an object that makes it stick to another surface.Aluminum Oxide: An oxide of aluminum, occurring in nature as various minerals such as bauxite, corundum, etc. It is used as an adsorbent, desiccating agent, and catalyst, and in the manufacture of dental cements and refractories.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Plant Tumors: A localized proliferation of plant tissue forming a swelling or outgrowth, commonly with a characteristic shape and unlike any organ of the normal plant. Plant tumors or galls usually form in response to the action of a pathogen or a pest. (Holliday, P., A Dictionary of Plant Pathology, 1989, p330)Dental Alloys: A mixture of metallic elements or compounds with other metallic or metalloid elements in varying proportions for use in restorative or prosthetic dentistry.Chromosomes, Plant: Complex nucleoprotein structures which contain the genomic DNA and are part of the CELL NUCLEUS of PLANTS.Nanocomposites: Nanometer-scale composite structures composed of organic molecules intimately incorporated with inorganic molecules. (Glossary of Biotechnology and Nanobiotechology Terms, 4th ed)Plant Components, Aerial: The above-ground plant without the roots.Dental Porcelain: A type of porcelain used in dental restorations, either jacket crowns or inlays, artificial teeth, or metal-ceramic crowns. It is essentially a mixture of particles of feldspar and quartz, the feldspar melting first and providing a glass matrix for the quartz. Dental porcelain is produced by mixing ceramic powder (a mixture of quartz, kaolin, pigments, opacifiers, a suitable flux, and other substances) with distilled water. (From Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Dental Etching: Preparation of TOOTH surfaces, and of materials bonded to teeth or DENTAL IMPLANTS, with agents and methods which roughen the surface to facilitate adhesion. Agents include phosphoric or other acids (ACID ETCHING, DENTAL) and methods include LASERS.Post and Core Technique: Use of a metal casting, usually with a post in the pulp or root canal, designed to support and retain an artificial crown.Boron Compounds: Inorganic or organic compounds that contain boron as an integral part of the molecule.Carbon Compounds, Inorganic: Inorganic compounds that contain carbon as an integral part of the molecule but are not derived from hydrocarbons.Adhesives: Substances that cause the adherence of two surfaces. They include glues (properly collagen-derived adhesives), mucilages, sticky pastes, gums, resins, or latex.Denture Repair: The process of reuniting or replacing broken or worn parts of a denture.Dental Veneers: The use of a layer of tooth-colored material, usually porcelain or acrylic resin, applied to the surface of natural teeth, crowns, or pontics by fusion, cementation, or mechanical retention.Glass Ionomer Cements: A polymer obtained by reacting polyacrylic acid with a special anion-leachable glass (alumino-silicate). The resulting cement is more durable and tougher than others in that the materials comprising the polymer backbone do not leach out.Plant Preparations: Material prepared from plants.Dental Cavity Lining: An inner coating, as of varnish or other protective substance, to cover the dental cavity wall. It is usually a resinous film-forming agent dissolved in a volatile solvent, or a suspension of calcium hydroxide in a solution of a synthetic resin. The lining seals the dentinal tubules and protects the pulp before a restoration is inserted. (Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982)Plant Bark: The outer layer of the woody parts of plants.Light: That portion of the electromagnetic spectrum in the visible, ultraviolet, and infrared range.Denture Design: The plan, delineation, and location of actual structural elements of dentures. The design can relate to retainers, stress-breakers, occlusal rests, flanges, framework, lingual or palatal bars, reciprocal arms, etc.Zea mays: A plant species of the family POACEAE. It is a tall grass grown for its EDIBLE GRAIN, corn, used as food and animal FODDER.Stress, Mechanical: A purely physical condition which exists within any material because of strain or deformation by external forces or by non-uniform thermal expansion; expressed quantitatively in units of force per unit area.Seedling: Very young plant after GERMINATION of SEEDS.Herbivory: The act of feeding on plants by animals.Power Plants: Units that convert some other form of energy into electrical energy.Tooth, Artificial: A fabricated tooth substituting for a natural tooth in a prosthesis. It is usually made of porcelain or plastic.Oxylipins: Eighteen-carbon cyclopentyl polyunsaturated fatty acids derived from ALPHA-LINOLENIC ACID via an oxidative pathway analogous to the EICOSANOIDS in animals. Biosynthesis is inhibited by SALICYLATES. A key member, jasmonic acid of PLANTS, plays a similar role to ARACHIDONIC ACID in animals.Saliva, Artificial: A solution used for irrigating the mouth in xerostomia and as a substitute for saliva.Siloxanes: Silicon polymers that contain alternate silicon and oxygen atoms in linear or cyclic molecular structures.Biomass: Total mass of all the organisms of a given type and/or in a given area. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990) It includes the yield of vegetative mass produced from any given crop.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Phospholipase C delta: A phosphoinositide phospholipase C subtype that is structurally defined by the presence of an N-terminal pleckstrin-homology and EF-hand domains, a central catalytic domain, and a C-terminal calcium-dependent membrane-binding domain.Fabaceae: The large family of plants characterized by pods. Some are edible and some cause LATHYRISM or FAVISM and other forms of poisoning. Other species yield useful materials like gums from ACACIA and various LECTINS like PHYTOHEMAGGLUTININS from PHASEOLUS. Many of them harbor NITROGEN FIXATION bacteria on their roots. Many but not all species of "beans" belong to this family.Cyclopentanes: A group of alicyclic hydrocarbons with the general formula R-C5H9.Benzoyl Peroxide: A peroxide derivative that has been used topically for BURNS and as a dermatologic agent in the treatment of ACNE and POISON IVY DERMATITIS. It is used also as a bleach in the food industry.Octanols: Isomeric forms and derivatives of octanol (C8H17OH).Photoinitiators, Dental: Chemical compound used to initiate polymerization of dental resins by the use of DENTAL CURING LIGHTS. It absorbs UV light and undergoes decomposition into free radicals that initiate polymerization process of the resins in the mix. Each photoinitiator has optimum emission spectrum and intensity for proper curing of dental materials.Silicon Dioxide: Transparent, tasteless crystals found in nature as agate, amethyst, chalcedony, cristobalite, flint, sand, QUARTZ, and tridymite. The compound is insoluble in water or acids except hydrofluoric acid.Ceramics: Products made by baking or firing nonmetallic minerals (clay and similar materials). In making dental restorations or parts of restorations the material is fused porcelain. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed & Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Denture Rebasing: The process of refitting a denture by replacing the denture base material without changing the occlusal relations of the teeth. Rebasing may include adding to the denture base to compensate for resorptive changes to subjacent structures.Immersion: The placing of a body or a part thereof into a liquid.Soil: The unconsolidated mineral or organic matter on the surface of the earth that serves as a natural medium for the growth of land plants.Boswellia: A plant genus of the family BURSERACEAE used medicinally since ancient times. It is a source of salai guggal (the gum resin), boswellic acid (ursane type TRITERPENES), and FRANKINCENSE.Symbiosis: The relationship between two different species of organisms that are interdependent; each gains benefits from the other or a relationship between different species where both of the organisms in question benefit from the presence of the other.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Photosynthesis: The synthesis by organisms of organic chemical compounds, especially carbohydrates, from carbon dioxide using energy obtained from light rather than from the oxidation of chemical compounds. Photosynthesis comprises two separate processes: the light reactions and the dark reactions. In higher plants; GREEN ALGAE; and CYANOBACTERIA; NADPH and ATP formed by the light reactions drive the dark reactions which result in the fixation of carbon dioxide. (from Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2001)Plant Physiological Processes: Physiological functions characteristic of plants.Indoleacetic Acids: Acetic acid derivatives of the heterocyclic compound indole. (Merck Index, 11th ed)Solanum tuberosum: A plant species of the genus SOLANUM, family SOLANACEAE. The starchy roots are used as food. SOLANINE is found in green parts.Diamond: Diamond. A crystalline form of carbon that occurs as hard, colorless or tinted isomeric crystals. It is used as a precious stone, for cutting glass, and as bearings for delicate mechanisms. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Ecosystem: A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Medicine, Traditional: Systems of medicine based on cultural beliefs and practices handed down from generation to generation. The concept includes mystical and magical rituals (SPIRITUAL THERAPIES); PHYTOTHERAPY; and other treatments which may not be explained by modern medicine.Aluminum Silicates: Any of the numerous types of clay which contain varying proportions of Al2O3 and SiO2. They are made synthetically by heating aluminum fluoride at 1000-2000 degrees C with silica and water vapor. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed)Plant Exudates: Substances released by PLANTS such as PLANT GUMS and PLANT RESINS.Salicylic Acid: A compound obtained from the bark of the white willow and wintergreen leaves. It has bacteriostatic, fungicidal, and keratolytic actions.Cholestyramine Resin: A strongly basic anion exchange resin whose main constituent is polystyrene trimethylbenzylammonium Cl(-) anion.Mutation: Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.Root Nodules, Plant: Knobbed structures formed from and attached to plant roots, especially of LEGUMES, which result from symbiotic infection by nitrogen fixing bacteria such as RHIZOBIUM or FRANKIA. Root nodules are structures related to MYCORRHIZAE formed by symbiotic associations with fungi.Stainless Steel: Stainless steel. A steel containing Ni, Cr, or both. It does not tarnish on exposure and is used in corrosive environments. (Grant & Hack's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Phytotherapy: Use of plants or herbs to treat diseases or to alleviate pain.Octanes: Eight-carbon saturated hydrocarbon group of the methane series. Include isomers and derivatives.Germ Cells, Plant: The reproductive cells of plants.Mycorrhizae: Symbiotic combination (dual organism) of the MYCELIUM of FUNGI with the roots of plants (PLANT ROOTS). The roots of almost all higher plants exhibit this mutually beneficial relationship, whereby the fungus supplies water and mineral salts to the plant, and the plant supplies CARBOHYDRATES to the fungus. There are two major types of mycorrhizae: ectomycorrhizae and endomycorrhizae.Terpenes: A class of compounds composed of repeating 5-carbon units of HEMITERPENES.Compomers: Composite materials composed of an ion-leachable glass embedded in a polymeric matrix. They differ from GLASS IONOMER CEMENTS in that partially silanized glass particles are used to provide a direct bond to the resin matrix and the matrix is primarily formed by a light-activated, radical polymerization reaction.Temperature: The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.Dental Restoration, Temporary: A prosthesis or restoration placed for a limited period, from several days to several months, which is designed to seal the tooth and maintain its position until a permanent restoration (DENTAL RESTORATION, PERMANENT) will replace it. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Fungi: A kingdom of eukaryotic, heterotrophic organisms that live parasitically as saprobes, including MUSHROOMS; YEASTS; smuts, molds, etc. They reproduce either sexually or asexually, and have life cycles that range from simple to complex. Filamentous fungi, commonly known as molds, refer to those that grow as multicellular colonies.Polymers: Compounds formed by the joining of smaller, usually repeating, units linked by covalent bonds. These compounds often form large macromolecules (e.g., BIOPOLYMERS; PLASTICS).Poaceae: A large family of narrow-leaved herbaceous grasses of the order Cyperales, subclass Commelinidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons). Food grains (EDIBLE GRAIN) come from members of this family. RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, SEASONAL can be induced by POLLEN of many of the grasses.Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Chloroplasts: Plant cell inclusion bodies that contain the photosynthetic pigment CHLOROPHYLL, which is associated with the membrane of THYLAKOIDS. Chloroplasts occur in cells of leaves and young stems of plants. They are also found in some forms of PHYTOPLANKTON such as HAPTOPHYTA; DINOFLAGELLATES; DIATOMS; and CRYPTOPHYTA.Plant Infertility: The failure of PLANTS to complete fertilization and obtain seed (SEEDS) as a result of defective POLLEN or ovules, or other aberrations. (Dict. of Plant Genet. and Mol. Biol., 1998)Denture Cleansers: Substances used to clean dentures; they are usually alkaline peroxides or hypochlorites, may contain enzymes and release oxygen. Use also for sonic action cleaners.Olivopontocerebellar Atrophies: A group of inherited and sporadic disorders which share progressive ataxia in combination with atrophy of the CEREBELLUM; PONS; and inferior olivary nuclei. Additional clinical features may include MUSCLE RIGIDITY; NYSTAGMUS, PATHOLOGIC; RETINAL DEGENERATION; MUSCLE SPASTICITY; DEMENTIA; URINARY INCONTINENCE; and OPHTHALMOPLEGIA. The familial form has an earlier onset (second decade) and may feature spinal cord atrophy. The sporadic form tends to present in the fifth or sixth decade, and is considered a clinical subtype of MULTIPLE SYSTEM ATROPHY. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1085)Brassica: A plant genus of the family Cruciferae. It contains many species and cultivars used as food including cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, Brussel sprouts, kale, collard greens, MUSTARD PLANT; (B. alba, B. junica, and B. nigra), turnips (BRASSICA NAPUS) and rapeseed (BRASSICA RAPA).Phase Transition: A change of a substance from one form or state to another.Elastic Modulus: Numerical expression indicating the measure of stiffness in a material. It is defined by the ratio of stress in a unit area of substance to the resulting deformation (strain). This allows the behavior of a material under load (such as bone) to be calculated.Germination: The initial stages of the growth of SEEDS into a SEEDLINGS. The embryonic shoot (plumule) and embryonic PLANT ROOTS (radicle) emerge and grow upwards and downwards respectively. Food reserves for germination come from endosperm tissue within the seed and/or from the seed leaves (COTYLEDON). (Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Tooth Fractures: Break or rupture of a tooth or tooth root.ToluidinesDenture Liners: Material applied to the tissue side of a denture to provide a soft lining to the parts of a denture coming in contact with soft tissue. It cushions contact of the denture with the tissues.Sequence Alignment: The arrangement of two or more amino acid or base sequences from an organism or organisms in such a way as to align areas of the sequences sharing common properties. The degree of relatedness or homology between the sequences is predicted computationally or statistically based on weights assigned to the elements aligned between the sequences. This in turn can serve as a potential indicator of the genetic relatedness between the organisms.Orthodontic Brackets: Small metal or ceramic attachments used to fasten an arch wire. These attachments are soldered or welded to an orthodontic band or cemented directly onto the teeth. Bowles brackets, edgewise brackets, multiphase brackets, ribbon arch brackets, twin-wire brackets, and universal brackets are all types of orthodontic brackets.Dental Prosthesis Retention: Holding a DENTAL PROSTHESIS in place by its design, or by the use of additional devices or adhesives.Asteraceae: A large plant family of the order Asterales, subclass Asteridae, class Magnoliopsida. The family is also known as Compositae. Flower petals are joined near the base and stamens alternate with the corolla lobes. The common name of "daisy" refers to several genera of this family including Aster; CHRYSANTHEMUM; RUDBECKIA; TANACETUM.Amber: A yellowish fossil resin, the gum of several species of coniferous trees, found in the alluvial deposits of northeastern Germany. It is used in molecular biology in the analysis of organic matter fossilized in amber.Trees: Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.Dental Equipment: The nonexpendable items used by the dentist or dental staff in the performance of professional duties. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p106)Plant Oils: Oils derived from plants or plant products.Bicuspid: One of the eight permanent teeth, two on either side in each jaw, between the canines (CUSPID) and the molars (MOLAR), serving for grinding and crushing food. The upper have two cusps (bicuspid) but the lower have one to three. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p822)Droughts: Prolonged dry periods in natural climate cycle. They are slow-onset phenomena caused by rainfall deficit combined with other predisposing factors.Botany: The study of the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of plants.Peas: A variable annual leguminous vine (Pisum sativum) that is cultivated for its rounded smooth or wrinkled edible protein-rich seeds, the seed of the pea, and the immature pods with their included seeds. (From Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary, 1973)Phenotype: The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.Tooth, Nonvital: A tooth from which the dental pulp has been removed or is necrotic. (Boucher, Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Triticum: A plant genus of the family POACEAE that is the source of EDIBLE GRAIN. A hybrid with rye (SECALE CEREALE) is called TRITICALE. The seed is ground into FLOUR and used to make BREAD, and is the source of WHEAT GERM AGGLUTININS.Abscisic Acid: Abscission-accelerating plant growth substance isolated from young cotton fruit, leaves of sycamore, birch, and other plants, and from potatoes, lemons, avocados, and other fruits.Phytosterols: A class of organic compounds known as STEROLS or STEROIDS derived from plants.Nitrogen: An element with the atomic symbol N, atomic number 7, and atomic weight [14.00643; 14.00728]. Nitrogen exists as a diatomic gas and makes up about 78% of the earth's atmosphere by volume. It is a constituent of proteins and nucleic acids and found in all living cells.Hordeum: A plant genus of the family POACEAE. The EDIBLE GRAIN, barley, is widely used as food.Pseudomonas syringae: A species of gram-negative, fluorescent, phytopathogenic bacteria in the genus PSEUDOMONAS. It is differentiated into approximately 50 pathovars with different plant pathogenicities and host specificities.Halogens: A family of nonmetallic, generally electronegative, elements that form group 17 (formerly group VIIa) of the periodic table.Bryopsida: A class of plants within the Bryophyta comprising the mosses, which are found in both damp (including freshwater) and drier situations. Mosses possess erect or prostrate leafless stems, which give rise to leafless stalks bearing capsules. Spores formed in the capsules are released and grow to produce new plants. (Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990). Many small plants bearing the name moss are in fact not mosses. The "moss" found on the north side of trees is actually a green alga (CHLOROPHYTA). Irish moss is really a red alga (RHODOPHYTA). Beard lichen (beard moss), Iceland moss, oak moss, and reindeer moss are actually LICHENS. Spanish moss is a common name for both LICHENS and an air plant (TILLANDSIA usneoides) of the pineapple family. Club moss is an evergreen herb of the family LYCOPODIACEAE.Disease Resistance: The capacity of an organism to defend itself against pathological processes or the agents of those processes. This most often involves innate immunity whereby the organism responds to pathogens in a generic way. The term disease resistance is used most frequently when referring to plants.Polystyrenes: Polymerized forms of styrene used as a biocompatible material, especially in dentistry. They are thermoplastic and are used as insulators, for injection molding and casting, as sheets, plates, rods, rigid forms and beads.Protoplasts: The protoplasm and plasma membrane of plant, fungal, bacterial or archaeon cells without the CELL WALL.Polyethylene Glycols: Polymers of ETHYLENE OXIDE and water, and their ethers. They vary in consistency from liquid to solid depending on the molecular weight indicated by a number following the name. They are used as SURFACTANTS, dispersing agents, solvents, ointment and suppository bases, vehicles, and tablet excipients. Some specific groups are NONOXYNOLS, OCTOXYNOLS, and POLOXAMERS.Polycarboxylate Cement: Water-soluble low-molecular-weight polymers of acrylic or methacrylic acid that form solid, insoluble products when mixed with specially prepared ZnO powder. The resulting cement adheres to dental enamel and is also used as a luting agent.Physicochemical Processes: Physical reactions involved in the formation of or changes in the structure of atoms and molecules and their interactions.Plastic Embedding: The infiltrating of histological specimens with plastics, including acrylic resins, epoxy resins and polyethylene glycol, for support of the tissues in preparation for sectioning with a microtome.Evolution, Molecular: The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.Chlorophyll: Porphyrin derivatives containing magnesium that act to convert light energy in photosynthetic organisms.Meristem: A group of plant cells that are capable of dividing infinitely and whose main function is the production of new growth at the growing tip of a root or stem. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Soybeans: An annual legume. The SEEDS of this plant are edible and used to produce a variety of SOY FOODS.Agrobacterium tumefaciens: A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria isolated from soil and the stems, leafs, and roots of plants. Some biotypes are pathogenic and cause the formation of PLANT TUMORS in a wide variety of higher plants. The species is a major research tool in biotechnology.Denture, Partial: A denture replacing one or more (but not all) natural teeth. It is supported and retained by underlying tissue and some or all of the remaining teeth.Plastids: Self-replicating cytoplasmic organelles of plant and algal cells that contain pigments and may synthesize and accumulate various substances. PLASTID GENOMES are used in phylogenetic studies.
An investigation of factors contributing to styrene and styrene-7,8-oxide exposures in the reinforced-plastics industry. (1/198)During the manufacturing of reinforced plastics, large amounts of styrene and trace quantities of styrene-7,8-oxide (SO) are released. Since previous work suggests that inhalation of even small amounts of SO might be an important health risk, we investigated several possible factors contributing to styrene and SO exposure during the manufacture of reinforced plastics. Factors related to job type, worker and the type and quantity of styrene-containing resins were investigated using mixed-effects multiple linear regression models. Overall, SO exposure levels were positively correlated with styrene exposure levels. However, this correlation was statistically significant only among hand laminators who had the highest exposures to both styrene and SO. An important factor for predicting both styrene and SO concentrations was the type of resin used, while the quantity of resin consumed was predictive of styrene but not of SO exposure. Since So exposure appears to be associated with factors other than coexposure to styrene, more effort should be placed on investigating emissions of SO per se. The type of mixed-models regression analysis employed in this study can be used for clarifying the underlying patterns for exposures to styrene and SO as well as for evaluating preventive measures. (+info)
Determinants of exposure to inhalable particulate, wood dust, resin acids, and monoterpenes in a lumber mill environment. (2/198)In a lumber mill in the northern inland region of British Columbia, Canada, we measured inhalable particulate, resin acid, and monoterpene exposures, and estimated wood dust exposures. Potential determinants of exposure were documented concurrently, including weather conditions, tree species, wood conditions, jobs, tasks, equipment used, and certain control measures. Over 220 personal samples were taken for each contaminant. Geometric mean concentrations were 0.98 mg/m3 for inhalable particulate, 0.49 mg/m3 for estimated wood dust, 8.04 micrograms/m3 for total resin acids, and 1.11 mg/m3 for total monoterpenes. Multiple regression models for all contaminants indicated that spruce and pine produced higher exposures than alpine fir or mixed tree species, cleaning up sawdust increased exposures, and personnel enclosure was an effective means of reducing exposures. Sawing wood in the primary breakdown areas of the mill was the main contributor to monoterpene exposures, so exposures were highest for the barker operator, the head rig operator, the canter operator, the board edgers, and a roving utility worker in the sawmill, and lowest in the planer mills (after kiln drying of the lumber) and yard. Cleaning up sawdust, planing kiln-dried lumber, and driving mobile equipment in the yard substantially increased exposures to both inhalable particulate and estimated wood dust. Jobs at the front end of the sawmill where primary breakdown of the logs takes place had lower exposures. Resin acid exposures followed a similar pattern, except that yard driving jobs did not increase exposures. (+info)
An easy cell-free protein synthesis system dependent on the addition of crude Escherichia coli tRNA. (3/198)The protein-synthesizing S30 extract of Escherichia coli contains tRNA, which limits its applications in cell-free protein synthesis. Here, we show that at least Arg- and Ser-acceptor activities can be removed from a standard S30 extract by treatment with an immobilized RNase A resin. This RNase-treated extract exhibits no protein synthesis activity, but regains it when supplied with crude E. coli tRNA and a small amount of human placental RNase inhibitor. The protein synthesis is dependent on the addition of tRNA in the presence of the RNase inhibitor. Chloramphenicol acetyltransferase was synthesized with this system and found to be active. (+info)
A study on dust emission, particle size distribution and formaldehyde concentration during machining of medium density fibreboard. (4/198)A study to characterise the quantity, particle size distribution and morphology of dust created during the machining of MDF was carried out. Four different types of MDF boards were included in this study, including a 'zero-formaldehyde' board that contains isocyanate-based resin, rather than urea-formaldehyde resin. In addition, natural softwood (pine) and natural hardwood (oak) were included in the study, for comparison with MDF. The results show that in general, the dust generated by machining MDF is comparable in terms of particle size distribution and morphology with the dust generated by similarly machining hardwood or softwood. The quantity of dust generated during sanding is higher for sanding MDF compared with sanding either hardwood or softwood. However, for sawing there is no significant difference between MDF and natural woods, in terms of the quantity of dust generated. Free formaldehyde in the air was less than 0.17mg m(-3) during machining of the Class B (higher formaldehyde potential) MDF board. There was no measurable isocyanate in the dust generated from the boards. (+info)
Apparent contradiction: psychrotolerant bacteria from hydrocarbon-contaminated arctic tundra soils that degrade diterpenoids synthesized by trees. (5/198)Resin acids are tricyclic terpenoids occurring naturally in trees. We investigated the occurrence of resin acid-degrading bacteria on the Arctic tundra near the northern coast of Ellesmere Island (82 degrees N, 62 degrees W). According to most-probable-number assays, resin acid degraders were abundant (10(3) to 10(4) propagules/g of soil) in hydrocarbon-contaminated soils, but they were undetectable (<3 propagules/g of soil) in pristine soils from the nearby tundra. Plate counts indicated that the contaminated and the pristine soils had similar populations of heterotrophs (10(6) to 10(7) propagules/g of soil). Eleven resin acid-degrading bacteria belonging to four phylogenetically distinct groups were enriched and isolated from the contaminated soils, and representative isolates of each group were further characterized. Strains DhA-91, IpA-92, and IpA-93 are members of the genus Pseudomonas. Strain DhA-95 is a member of the genus Sphingomonas. All four strains are psychrotolerant, with growth temperature ranges of 4 degrees C to 30 degrees C (DhA-91 and DhA-95) or 4 degrees C to 22 degrees C (IpA-92 and IpA-93) and with optimum temperatures of 15 to 22 degrees C. Strains DhA-91 and DhA-95 grew on the abietanes, dehydroabietic and abietic acids, but not on the pimaranes, isopimaric and pimaric acids. Strains IpA-92 and IpA-93 grew on the pimaranes but not the abietanes. All four strains grew on either aliphatic or aromatic hydrocarbons, which is unusual for described resin acid degraders. Eleven mesophilic resin acid degraders did not use hydrocarbons, with the exception of two Mycobacterium sp. strains that used aliphatic hydrocarbons. We conclude that hydrocarbon contamination in Arctic tundra soil indirectly selected for resin acid degraders, selecting for hydrocarbon degraders that coincidentally use resin acids. Psychrotolerant resin acid degraders are likely important in the global carbon cycle and may have applications in biotreatment of pulp and paper mill effluents. (+info)
Bacterial biodegradation of extractives and patterns of bordered pit membrane attack in pine wood. (6/198)Wood extractives, commonly referred to as pitch, cause major problems in the manufacturing of pulp and paper. Treatment of nonsterile southern yellow pine chips for 14 days with Pseudomonas fluorescens, Pseudomonas sp., Xanthomonas campestris, and Serratia marcescens reduced wood extractives by as much as 40%. Control treatments receiving only water lost 11% of extractives due to the growth of naturally occurring microorganisms. Control treatments were visually discolored after the 14-day incubation, whereas bacterium-treated wood chips were free of dark staining. Investigations using P. fluorescens NRRL B21432 showed that all individual resin and fatty acid components of the pine wood extractives were substantially reduced. Micromorphological observations showed that bacteria were able to colonize resin canals, ray parenchyma cells, and tracheids. Tracheid pit membranes within bordered pit chambers were degraded after treatment with P. fluorescens NRRL B21432. P. fluorescens and the other bacteria tested appear to have the potential for biological processing to substantially reduce wood extractives in pine wood chips prior to the paper making process so that problems associated with pitch in pulp mills can be controlled. (+info)
Automated solid-phase synthesis of oligosaccharides. (7/198)Traditionally, access to structurally defined complex carbohydrates has been very laborious. Although recent advancements in solid-phase synthesis have made the construction of complex oligosaccharides less tedious, a high level of technical expertise is still necessary to obtain the desired structures. We describe the automated chemical synthesis of several oligosaccharides on a solid-phase synthesizer. A branched dodecasaccharide was synthesized through the use of glycosyl phosphate building blocks and an octenediol functionalized resin. The target oligosaccharide was readily obtained after cleavage from the solid support. Access to certain complex oligosaccharides now has become feasible in a fashion much like the construction of oligopeptides and oligonucleotides. (+info)
Cloning and analysis of valerophenone synthase gene expressed specifically in lupulin gland of hop (Humulus lupulus L.). (8/198)Resin and essential oil derived from hop (Humulus lupulus L.) cones are very important compounds for beer brewing, and they specifically accumulate in the lupulin gland of hop cones. In order to identify the genes responsible for the biosynthetic pathway of these compounds and use the identified genes for hop breeding using Marker Assisted Selection and transformation techniques, genes expressed specifically in the lupulin gland were cloned and sequenced. One of them was suggested to be similar to the chalcone synthase gene from the DNA sequence. The translation product of the gene had the activity of valerophenone synthase, which catalyzes a part of the synthesis reaction of alpha-acid and beta-acid. Northern analysis showed that the valerophenone synthase gene seemed to be expressed specifically in the lupulin gland. (+info)
The category of Rosin Esters consists of rosin which has been esterified with alcohols, typically methanol, ethylene glycol, diethylene glycol, triethylene glycol, glycerol and pentaerythritol. Resin acids are the predominant components of rosin (,85%). Resin acids are composed of three skeletal classes of tricyclic carboxylic acids which share similar structure, but vary in the position of the double bonds and methyl groups. Hydrogenated rosin is implicitly included in the definition of rosin as disproportionated rosin which is a combination of hydrogenated and dehydrogenated rosin naturally produced when rosin is heated. The category therefore also includes the hydrogenated rosin forms of these substances. Due to the reactivity of resin acids, dimers can be formed. These rosin dimers are also known as oligomers or by the trivial name of polymerised rosin. As each member of this category is a UVCB, the resin acid components will vary in type and proportion. The number of ester bonds that can be ...
The substances with the lowest molecular weights in the category are Resin acids and rosin acids, Me esters and Resin acids and rosin acids, hydrogenated, Me esters. The lowest EC50 available for these substances is 27 mg/L, from a Daphnia study with the test material Resin acids and rosin acids, hydrogenated, Me esters (Inveresk 2002). This result is read across to Resin acids and rosin acids, Me esters for classification purposes. As this EC50 is , 1 mg/L an acute environmental classification is not appropriate. Neither Resin acids and rosin acids, Me esters or Resin acids and rosin acids hydrogenated Me esters are readily biodegradable therefore as the lowest EC50 is ,10 ,100 mg/L a chronic classification of Chronic Category 3 is applied for both substances in accordance with the CLP regulation. Both substances are classified as R52 -53 under the DSD. ...
Gum RosinÂ is a solid form of resin obtained from pines and some other plants, mostly conifers, produced by heating fresh liquid resin to vaporize the volatile liquid terpene components. It is semi-transparent and varies in color from yellow to black. At room temperature rosin is brittle, but it melts at stove-top temperatures. It chiefly consists of different resin acids, especially abietic acid.. Rosin is an ingredient in printing inks, photocopying and laser printing paper, varnishes, adhesives (glues), soap, paper sizing, soda, soldering fluxes, and sealing wax.. Rosin can be used as a glazing agent in medicines and chewing gum. It is denoted by E number E915. A related glycerol ester (E445) can be used as an emulsifier in soft drinks. In pharmaceuticals, rosin forms an ingredient in several plasters and ointments.. In industry, rosin is the precursor to the flux used in soldering. The lead-tin solder commonly used in electronics has about 1% rosin as a flux core helping the molten metal ...
Three reliable studies are available for this endpoint (Inveresk 2001d, Inveresk Research, 2001e, Harlan Laboratories, 2014c), using Resin acids and rosin acids, esters with pentaerythritol, Resin acids and rosin acids, hydrogenated, Methyl esters and Resin acids and rosin acids, esters with ethylene glycol. The studies are GLP-compliant and followed OECD guideline 201, although the method was modified to use water accommodated fractions (WAF) due to the nature of the test substance. Analytical verification of test concentrations was only carried out in the study with Resin acids and rosin acids, esters with ethylene glycol. However, in all cases results are expressed as nominal loading rates. In all studies the EL50 was determined to be greater than the highest loading rate tested (1000 mg/L for the Inveresk studies and 100 mg/L for the Harlan Laboratories study). Therefore, an EL50 result of ,100 mg/L is considered to cover all category members. ...
Passenger Cars. Make An Enquiry About This Report @ https://www.marketresearchhub.com/enquiry.php?type=E&repid=2504858&source=atm The content of the study subjects, includes a total of 15 chapters:. Chapter 1, to describe Rosin Glycerol Ester product scope, market overview, market opportunities, market driving force and market risks.. Chapter 2, to profile the top manufacturers of Rosin Glycerol Ester , with price, sales, revenue and global market share of Rosin Glycerol Ester in 2017 and 2018.. Chapter 3, the Rosin Glycerol Ester competitive situation, sales, revenue and global market share of top manufacturers are analyzed emphatically by landscape contrast.. Chapter 4, the Rosin Glycerol Ester breakdown data are shown at the regional level, to show the sales, revenue and growth by regions, from 2014 to 2018.. Chapter 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9, to break the sales data at the country level, with sales, revenue and market share for key countries in the world, from 2014 to 2018.. You can Buy This Report ...
Find quality suppliers and manufacturers of 97489-11-7(Resin acids and Rosin acids, fumarated, esters with glycerol) for price inquiry. where to buy 97489-11-7(Resin acids and Rosin acids, fumarated, esters with glycerol).Also offer free database of 97489-11-7(Resin acids and Rosin acids, fumarated, esters with glycerol) including MSDS sheet(poisoning, toxicity, hazards and safety),chemical properties,Formula, density and structure, solution etc.
Books, Directory and CD databases, Project consultancy, Profiles, related publications and information on Rosin Processing, Rosin Derivatives, Oleoresin and Pine Chemicals, Terpene Derivatives, Resin & Dimer Acids, Tall Oil Rosin Processing Technology from NPCS
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Rosin is the resinous constituent of the oleo-resin exuded by various species of pine, known in commerce as crude turpentine. The separation of the oleo-resin into the essential oil (spirit of turpentine) and common rosin is accomplished by distillation in large copper stills. The essential oil is carried off at a temperature of between 100° and 160 °C, leaving fluid rosin, which is run off through a tap at the bottom of the still, and purified by passing through straining wadding. Rosin varies in color, according to the age of the tree from which the turpentine is drawn and the degree of heat applied in distillation, from an opaque, almost pitch-black substance through grades of brown and yellow to an almost perfectly transparent colorless glassy mass. The commercial grades are numerous, ranging by letters from A (the darkest) to N (extra pale), superior to which are W (window glass) and WW (water-white) varieties, the latter having about three times the value of the common qualities.. Tall ...
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CANNABIS CULTURE - Find out how to make large amounts of solvent-less marijuana rosin from your buds using a t-shirt press, in Johnny Bs latest Rosin Tech video.. So far in his The Death of BHO series, Johnny B has demonstrated how to extract high quality shatter-like cannabis rosin using a portable hair-straightener (called "The Traveller"). In his latest video in the series, we find out how to use a t-shirt heat press to extract larger amounts of rosin: ...
A novel curable polyphenylene ether resin composition caontains (a) a curable polyphenylene ether resin containing at least a reaction product of a polyphenylene ether with an unsaturated carboxylic acid or an acid anhydride, (b) at least one cyanurate selected from the group consisting of triallyl isocyanurate and triallyl cyanurate, optionally (c) a resin composition comprising an epoxy resin and a curing agent and/or (d) a compound having at least one unsaturated double bond and at least one epoxy group and/or (e) a reinforcement material. The resin composition has excellent film-forming properties, resin flowability in pressing and storage stability. A cured polyphenylene ether resin composition obtained by curing the curable polyphenylene ether resin composition has excellent chemical resistance, heat resistance, dielectric properties and dimensional stability.
Solidified resin from which the volatile terpenes have been removed by distillation is known as rosin. Typical rosin is a transparent or translucent mass, with a vitreous fracture and a faintly yellow or brown colour, non-odorous or having only a slight turpentine odor and taste. Rosin is insoluble in water, mostly soluble in alcohol, essential oils, ether, and hot fatty oils. Rosin softens and melts under the influence of heat. Rosin burns with a bright but smoky flame. Rosin consists of a complex mixture of different substances including organic acids named the resin acids. Related to the terpenes, resin acid are oxidized terpenes. Resin acids dissolved in alkalis to form resin soaps, from which the purified resin acids are regenerated upon treatment with acids. Examples of resin acids are abietic acid (sylvic acid), C20H30O2, plicatic acid contained in cedar, and pimaric acid, C20H30O2, a constituent of galipot resin. Abietic acid can also be extracted from rosin by means of hot alcohol. ...
It is an object of the present invention to provide a water-based composite resin composition which has an excellent long-term storage stability and which enables formation of a coating film having an excellent water resistance and solvent resistance. The present invention relates to a water-based composite resin composition and a coating agent; the water-based composite resin composition containing composite resin particles (A) and an aqueous medium (B), the composite resin particles (A) containing polyester resin (a1) particles having a sulfonate group and an epoxy resin (a2) of which some or all parts are encapsulated in the polyester resin (a1) particles, wherein a mass ratio [(a1)/(a2)] of the polyester resin (a1) to the epoxy resin (a2) in the composite resin particles (A) is in the range of 95/5 to 30/70.
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Rosins are natural compounds derived from pine tree resin. They have many uses in industry, including paints, adhesives and soldering fluxes. In this work HPLC and CE was used to characterise rosin samples which are composed of 90% acidic compounds and 10% neutral compounds including aldehydes and terpenes. Cyclodextrin-modified CE methods were developed for the separation of acids, terpenes and aldehyde groups. The presence and concentration of acids in several rosin samples was investigated. ...
FSG series glycerol ester of rosin is made up of rosin or modified rosin as the basic raw material , through decoloration , esterification , stabilizing process with a lighter color, stability of tackifying resin products. Item FSG80...
0072] At least the base material layer 1, the adhesive layer 2, the metal layer 3 and the sealant layer 4 are laminated in this order to obtain a laminate. Specifically, a solvent containing the resin composition is first applied to at least one of the base material layer 1 and the metal layer 3. For the application of the solvent, a coating method such as an extrusion method, a gravure coating method or a roll coating method can be employed. Next, the solvent is evaporated. Next, the base material layer 1 and the metal layer 3 may be bonded and laminated to each other. Lamination of the base material layer 1 and the metal layer 3 with the resin composition interposed therebetween can be performed by, for example, a dry lamination method. Next, the resin composition situated between the base material layer 1 and the metal layer 3 is irradiated with an ionizing radiation or heated to cure the resin composition, thereby forming the adhesive layer 2. For example, when the base material layer 1 is ...
Find quality suppliers and manufacturers of 68201-57-0(Rosin, fumarated, polymer with adipic acid and pentaerythritol) for price inquiry. where to buy 68201-57-0(Rosin, fumarated, polymer with adipic acid and pentaerythritol).Also offer free database of 68201-57-0(Rosin, fumarated, polymer with adipic acid and pentaerythritol) including MSDS sheet(poisoning, toxicity, hazards and safety),chemical properties,Formula, density and structure, solution etc.
The present invention relates to a phenol resin composition comprising a phenol resin and boehmite having an average particle diameter (minor diameter) of 100 nm or less, and a phenol resin composition further comprising a benzooxazine resin in a weight ratio of the phenol resin to the benzooxazine resin within a range from 95/5 to 25/75. In a specific aspect, the phenol resin composition of the present invention is characterized in that it contains boehmite having an aspect ratio within a range from 1 to 100 and also contains an alumina-based compound as a filler, an amount of the boehmite being from 1 to 150 parts by weight based on 100 parts by weight of the phenol resin.
Disclosed is a resin composition exhibiting a low thermal expansion coefficient, as well as higher heat resistance, flame resistance and insulation reliability than ever before when used in a multilayer printed wiring board that requires fine wiring work. Also disclosed are a prepreg, a resin sheet, a metal-clad laminate, a printed wiring board, a multilayer printed wiring board and a semiconductor device, all of which comprising the resin composition. The resin composition of the present invention comprises (A) an epoxy resin, (B) a cyanate resin and (C) an onium salt compound as essential components.
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Resin acids and rosin acids, polymerized, esters with glycerol are complex UVCB with components of low or varying water solubilities. As solubility results are expressed as total organic carbon they cannot be directly compared against the solubility categories. The solubility of resin acids and rosin acids, polymerized, esters with glycerol was measured at two loading rates, 1 and 10 g/L, and the results expressed as total organic carbon (TOC). At a loading rate of 10 g/L TOC was measured as ≤0.00124 g/L and at a loading rate of 1 g/L TOC was measured as ≤0.000879 g/L. The results show that water solubility is loading rate dependent and therefore could be higher than ≤0.00124 g/L at higher loading rates. ...
1] A reinforced thermoplastic resin composition characterized by containing 50 to 90% by weight of a polycarbonate resin (A); 10 to 50% by weight of a graft copolymer mixture (B) (provided that a total amount of the component (A) and the component (B) accounts for 100% by weight); and 6 to 22 parts by weight of an inorganic filler (D) which has been surface-treated with a water-soluble polyamide, relative to the total of 100 parts by weight of the polycarbonate resin (A) and the graft copolymer mixture (B), wherein the aforementioned graft copolymer mixture (B) contains a graft copolymer (B) in which a graft polymer (B2) having an aromatic alkenyl compound monomer unit (a) and a vinyl cyanide compound monomer unit (b) is graft-polymerized onto a rubber polymer (B1).  The reinforced thermoplastic resin composition according to the above aspect  characterized by further containing a phosphoric acid ester-based flame retardant (E).  The reinforced thermoplastic resin composition according ...
Phenolic resin compositions comprising a polymeric substance having a phenolic OH group such as phenol resins, and a rubber having an epoxy group and an epoxy equivalent of 500 to 30,000 such as butadiene copolymers, acrylic copolymers, chloroprene copolymers and urethane copolymers are provided. These resin compositions exhibit improved properties having overcome the drawback of brittle properties intrinsic of conventional phenolic resins, and also exhibit cold resistance; hence they are used as molding materials, laminating materials, casting materials, binders, etc. Further, molding resin compositions having improved solvent-resistance and metal insert properties are provided.
Activity comparable to an activated rosin flux and is recommended primarily for hard to solder assemblies including metals such as oxidized copper, nickel, brass and beryllium-copper. The residue left after soldering is non-corrosive and non-conductive. Even with this higher activity, CW-219 passes J-STD-004B, SIR, and ECM requirements.Activity comparable to an activated rosin flux and is recommended primarily for hard to solder assemblies including metals such as oxidized copper, nickel, brass and beryllium-copper. The residue left after soldering is non-corrosive and non-conductive. Even with this higher activity, CW-219 passes J-STD-004B, SIR, and ECM requirements. ...
Curable resin compositions are prepared containing a radiation-sensitive reactive diluent and a saturated polyol. Curing is accomplished by mixing the reactive diluent and the polyol with a polyisocyanate, followed by exposure of the resultant composition to radiation to polymerize the reactive diluent and then, by thermal curing, to form the hydroxyisocyanate (urethane) linkage. The fully cured resin composition is described as interpenetrated or one in which there is no cross-linking between the reactive diluent and urethane linked co-polymer. The interpenetrated resin compositions form tough and hard coatings on various substrates.
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Rosin, translucent, brittle, friable resin used for varnish and in manufacturing many products. It becomes sticky when warm and has a faint pinelike odour. Gum rosin consists of the residue obtained upon distillation of the oleoresin (a natural fluid) from pine trees (the volatile component is
... - Synthetic Rosin powder. tasteless, odorless, Chlorinated paraffin resins especially soluble in aromatic and chlorinated solvents.
D5974 - 15 Standard Test Methods for Fatty and Rosin Acids in Tall Oil Fractionation Products by Capillary Gas Chromatography , area percent, derivatization, fatty acids, gas chromatography, internal standard, rosin acids,,
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A photosensitive resin composition according to the invention includes (A) a photosensitive resin, (B) an epoxy resin, (C) a photopolymerization initiator, and (D) a polymerizable unsaturated compound and/or a solvent, which photosensitive resin (A) is obtained by allowing an epoxy resin (a) to react with a compound (b) having one primary alcoholic hydroxyl group and one functional group selected from a carboxyl group and a secondary amino group per molecule and an unsaturated monobasic acid (c) to yield a reaction product (I) and allowing a saturated or unsaturated polybasic acid anhydride (d) to react with the reaction product (I). The photosensitive resin composition of the invention is used as a solder resist in printed circuit boards, can be satisfactorily developed in a dilute basic aqueous solution and can yield a cured film that is excellent in flexibility, water resistance, adhesion, solder heat resistance, electroless gold plating resistance
A MMA -BA-DMAEMA copolymer emulsion has been prepared with batch or semi-continuous emulsion polymerization process. Influence of compound emulsifiers ratio and amount, reaction temperature, polymerization types and functional monomer amount on the emulsion resin particle size and its distribution were studied. It has been shown that increasing of the percentage of anion in emulsifier and the amount of emulsifier, and reducing of the amount of functional monomers and reaction temperature will lead to a finer resin particle size and wider distribution. Non-seeding semi-continuous emulsion polymerization will lead to a larger particle size and wider distribution than batch reaction and seeding semi -conitinuous polymerization at the same monomer droping rate. The droping rate in a proper range have no influence on the emulsion resin particle size and its distribution. Only if the droping rate is lower than that lead to a hungry status of the system, the particle size will become larger.
D92 Test Method for Flash and Fire Points by Cleveland Open Cup Tester. D93 Test Methods for Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester. D269 Test Method for Insoluble Matter in Rosin and Rosin Derivatives. D464 Test Methods for Saponification Number of Naval Store Products Including Tall Oil and Other Related Products. D465 Test Methods for Acid Number of Naval Stores Products Including Tall Oil and Other Related Products. D890 Test Method for Water in Liquid Pine Chemicals. D1065 Test Method for Unsaponifiable Matter in Naval Stores, Including Rosin, Tall Oil, and Related Products. D1240 Test Methods for Rosin Acids Content of Pine Chemicals, Including Rosin, Tall Oil, and Related Products. D1466 Test Method for Sampling Liquid Oils and Fatty Acids Commonly Used in Paints, Varnishes, and Related Materials. D1544 Test Method for Color of Transparent Liquids (Gardner Color Scale). D1545 Test Method for Viscosity of Transparent Liquids by Bubble Time Method. D1585 Test Methods for Fatty ...
This patent search tool allows you not only to search the PCT database of about 2 million International Applications but also the worldwide patent collections. This search facility features: flexible search syntax; automatic word stemming and relevance ranking; as well as graphical results.
... Facial cream for effective firming of the skin and radiance with natural Chios mastic and pomegranate. It contains active ingredients that contribute to detoxification of cells, increasing skin density, tone and lifts the facial and neck contour. Feel your skin firm, full of health and shine. Mastic Touch: A touch of magic on your face! Use: Apply morning or evening gently to cleansed face and neck until absorbed.Avoid contact with eyes.WITHOUT: Parabens, Mineral Oil, Vaseline, Petrolatum, Synthetic colorants. Clinically tested as hypoallergenic Dermatologically, clinically tested, even on sensitive skins! at least 95% ingredients of natural origin. Glass jar with wooden lid 50ml
We Are The Leading Manufacturer For Terpene Resin,Terpene Phenolic Resin,Glycerol Ester Of Rosin,Tackifier Resin And Water Based Emulsion.
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Can mastic gum help me lose weight - Does gum make you fat or does is make you lose weight? Its not the gum. Gum can be unhealthy because of artificial dyes, sweetners or sugar. Some xylitol gums are healthy. The behavior of the person chewing the gum will influence whether there is weight gain or loss.
How Long Does it Take for Mastic Gum to Eradicate H. Pylori? Helicobacter pylori is a bacterium that has been associated with indigestion, inflammation of the stomach lining, peptic ulcers and stomach cancer. H. pylori can be eradicated using antibiotics and stomach acid suppressants, but the regimen commonly
Chemical hazard data for CAS 181828-08-0 Rosin, maleated/fumarated, condensed with formaldehyde, phenol, alkylphenols, arylphenols and if so with poylvalid alcohols esterified and if so their metal salts (Li, Ca, Mg, Zn) and if so modified with hydrocarbon salts on C5 or C9 basis and if so fatty acids and if so their esters, residual formaldehyde | 0,1 %
119209-70-0 - Rosin, polymer with formaldehyde, glycerol and 4-(1,1,3,3-tetramethylbutyl)phenol - Searchable synonyms, formulas, resource links, and other chemical information.
70248-45-2 - Rosin, fumarated, polymer with formaldehyde, pentaerythritol and 4-(1,1,3,3-tetramethylbutyl)phenol - Searchable synonyms, formulas, resource links, and other chemical information.
As part of BPIs "Ask the Expert" series, editorial advisor William G. Whitford (senior technical market manager for GE Healthcare Life Sciences) spoke with editor-in-chief Anne Montgomery and marketing and digital content strategist Leah Rosin on two separate occasions about issues related to culture media and expression titers. Sourcing Serum-Free Media Anne discussed cell culture media and process fluids with Bill in March 2014. Whitford: Things are advancing, and the industry is changing significantly. In general, we are using more…. ...
Report Monitor included a new research study on the Global Rosin Amine Market Analysis 2013-2018 and Forecast 2019-2024 to its database of Market Research Reports. This report covers market size by types, applications and major regions.
Cette résine constitue une huile de très haute qualité, très douce, elle garde tout ses arômes et saveurs naturels. Vaporisateur la Meilleure CBD rosin Growshop Sodium Genève vapo e-liquide
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However, I recently discovered a magically mystical, substance of the gods capable of disposing of the little bastards in days. Adults are often affected on the eyelids and the skin around the eyes and mouth. 5.There will be crystals on the bottom of the original jar. Do this 3 times a week to get rid of acne scars and pimples. Let it sit for ten minutes and use as a gargle. In dry cough, take 6 gram (1 teaspoon) of this mixture daily with 125 ml of milk before you go to sleep. Then strain and cool the remainder and put on affected area.. You will be relieved of all the sharp pains, and also your canker sore will heal much faster. More than 12 years old who is most at risk for developing herpes zoster and dried before the age of five by being kissed by a parent or relative. USE: Wet the Crystal with water and gently rub it on the affected areas. This resin, called Mastic Gum or Gum Mastic, is an oral hygiene miracle. Bruce Saal is a dermatologist practicing in California and has 43 years of ...
A water-dispersed resin composition obtained by dispersing in water a neutralized resin prepared by neutralizing a part or whole of the carboxyl groups in an alkyd resin produced by reacting (A) an oil or fatty acid, (B) tris(2-hydroxyethyl)isocyanurate and/or tris(hydroxymethyl)isocyanurate, (C) a polyhydric alcohol, (D) a monobasic acid, (E) a polybasic acid and (F) polyethylene glycol, wherein individual components (A) to (F) are formulated in terms of the ratio of the number of hydroxyl groups/the number of carboxyl groups in the range of 1.0/1 to 1.6/1 and said alkyd resin has an acid value of 30 or less, is excellent in drying properties and in film properties such as gloss, water resistance, etc.
Resins: Valued since antiquity, resins have been widely used in incense and perfumery. Highly fragrant and antiseptic resins ... The sources of these compounds may be derived from various parts of a plant. A plant can offer more than one source of ... Commonly used resins in perfumery include labdanum, frankincense/olibanum, myrrh, balsam of Peru, benzoin. Pine and fir resins ... Many resins, wood scents, and amber bases are used as fixatives.. The top, middle, and base notes of a fragrance may have ...
Trapp, S.; Croteau, R. (2001). "Defensive Biosynthesis of Resin in Conifers". Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant ... Many organic compounds are produced by plants for the purpose of defending the host plant from predation. A trivial case is ... When insects feed on the plant, they ingest the insecticide. Systemic insecticides produced by transgenic plants are called ... Four extracts of plants are in commercial use: pyrethrum, rotenone, neem oil, and various essential oils ...
Langenheim, Jean H. (2003). Plant Resins: Chemistry, Evolution, Ecology, and Ethnobotany. Timber Press. pp. 356-358. ISBN 978-0 ... Quattrocchi, Umberto (2000). CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names. I: A-C. CRC Press. p. 126. ISBN 978-0-8493-2675-2. .. ... Amyris is a genus of flowering plants in the citrus family, Rutaceae. The generic name is derived from the Greek word αμυρων ... Its high resin content causes it to burn brightly, and it will burn well even when green. In addition, the wood is hard, heavy ...
"8". TURPENTINE FROM PINE RESIN. Non-Wood Forest Products 1, Flavours and fragances of plant origin. Rome: Food and Agriculture ... Non-Wood Forest Products 2, Gum naval stores: Turpentine and rosin from pine resin. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization. ... It is also used as an effective herbicide where its action is to modify the waxy cuticle of plants, resulting in desiccation.[7 ...
"Quantification and Purification of Mulberry Anthocyanins with Macroporous Resins". Journal of Biomedicine & Biotechnology ... as plant to plant and row to row distance. The plants are usually pruned once a year during the monsoon season to a height of ... For other plants called mulberry, see List of plants known as mulberry. For other uses, see Mulberry (disambiguation). ... but they are most often planted from large cuttings which root readily. The mulberry plants which are allowed to grow tall with ...
Plant mechanisms to delay or deter frugivory. Further information: Plant defense against herbivory ... Resins and saps (e.g. prevent animals from swallowing). *Repellent substances, hard outer coats, spines, thorns ... Chemical deterrents in plants are called secondary metabolites. Secondary metabolites are compounds produced by the plant that ... Because seed dispersal allows plant species to disperse to other areas, the loss of frugivores could change plant communities ...
Ref: "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". Retrieved 14 September 2014. "Journal and Patent Literature: XIII: ... Pigments, Paints; Resins, Varnishes; India-Rubber, etc". Journal of the Society of Chemical Industry: 35. January 16, 1905. ... Abir Congo Company List of plants of Burkina Faso Lulonga Company https://archive.org/stream/CasementReport/CasementReportSmall ...
A suite of megachilid rely on plant resins for nest construction. These "resin bees" are typically smaller than honey bees, and ... a few collect plant or animal hairs and fibers, and are called carder bees, while others use plant resins in nest construction ... Some embed individual cells in a mass of clay or resin attached to a wall, rock surface, or plant stem. Nest cavities are often ... They resemble small Osmia, but they are oligolectic (specialized on a few subfamilies of Asteraceae) and use resin from ...
Plants. *Pitch (resin), a viscous substance produced by plants or formed from petroleum ...
Sclerenchyma is the tissue which makes the plant hard and stiff. Sclerenchyma is the supporting tissue in plants. Two types of ... Secretion (e.g. the parenchyma cells lining the inside of resin ducts) ... Cell wall thickness is strongly affected by mechanical stress upon the plant. The walls of collenchyma in shaken plants (to ... Evert, Ray F; Eichhorn, Susan E. Esau's Plant Anatomy: Meristems, Cells, and Tissues of the Plant Body: Their Structure, ...
Plant Resins: Chemistry, evolution, ecology, and ethnobotany, by Jean Langenheim, Timber Press, Portland, Oregon. 2003 ... Occurrence in land plants (embryophytes). Occurrences in vascular plants. Phenolic compounds are mostly found in ... Volatile phenolic compounds are found in plant resin where they may attract benefactors such as parasitoids or predators of the ... Harborne, J. B. (1980). "Plant phenolics". In Bell, E. A.; Charlwood, B. V. (eds.). Encyclopedia of Plant Physiology, volume 8 ...
Pitch produced from plants is also known as resin. Some products made from plant resin are also known as rosin. ... Pitch can be natural or manufactured, derived from petroleum, coal tar, or plants. Various forms of pitch may also be called ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pitch_(resin)&oldid=872180040" ...
... and plant gum or resins. When foraging, ringtail possums prefer young leaves over old ones. One study found the emergence of ... It lives in a variety of habitats and eats a variety of leaves of both native and introduced plants, as well as flowers, fruits ... The common ringtail possum feeds on a wide variety of plants in the family Myrtaceae including the foliage, flowers and fruits ... De Angelis, DA (2017). "Plant exudates: a previously unreported feature in the diet of the common ringtail possum". Ecology. 98 ...
"Defensive Biosynthesis of Resin in Conifers". Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology. 52: 689-724. doi: ... also known as diterpene resin acids). Accumulated resin is released upon tissue injury and/or produced locally at the site of ... Resin acid is the general name for all kinds of acids that share the same basic skeleton, a three-fused ring and the empirical ... The resin acids may be classified into two types, abietic and pimaric. The abietic-type group include levopimaric, l-abietic ...
Poorly conditioned radioactive waste from the Doel nuclear power plant: evaporator concentrates and spent ion-exchange resins ( ...
... it is most similar to the resins produced by flowering plants; however, there are no flowering plant fossils until the ... Dammara resin and/or synthetic materials. Young resins, these are used as imitations: Kauri resin from Agathis australis trees ... Carbamide resins - melamine, formaldehyde and urea-formaldehyde resins. Epoxy novolac (phenolic resins), unofficial name " ... Amber sometimes contains animals or plant matter that became caught in the resin as it was secreted. Insects, spiders and even ...
Plant resins: chemistry, evolution, ecology, and ethnobotany. Timber Press. p. 354. The plants and drugs of Sind: Being a ... Also the resin proper is procured near the root of the tree. Resin procured from the tree during the first three years is ... M. C. Cooke, on the gums, resins, oleo-resins, and resinous Products in the India Museum, or Produced in India, by Mordecai ... All the Plants of the Bible, pg.158 Walker, Winifred, All the Plants of the Bible, pg.241 Brady, George Stuart; Clauser, Henry ...
... is a bright red resin that is obtained from different species of a number of distinct plant genera: Croton, ... This resin was traded to ancient Europe via the Incense Road. Dragon's blood resin is also produced from the rattan palms of ... Sometimes Dracaena resin, but more often Daemonorops resin, was used in China as red varnish for wooden furniture. It was also ... Note 12.12 (13). Langenheim, J. (2003). Plant Resins: Chemistry, Evolution, Ecology, and Ethnobotany. Timber Press Inc. ISBN 0- ...
Ulchin Nuclear Power Plant, and Yonggwang Nuclear Power Plant would have filled by 2016, 2018, and 2021, respectively. The ... radioactive solids, spent resins, and cartridge filters. All compressible solids are compressed in an effort to reduce volume. ... It is approximately 1.1 km by 1.8 km, with the Wolseong CANDU nuclear power plant to the south. The disposal facility will sit ... These materials include resins, reactor fuel rod cladding, and strongly contaminated materials. High level radioactive waste is ...
Both chicle and mastic are tree resins. Many other cultures have chewed gum-like substances made from plants, grasses, and ... Dimas, Konstantinos S.; Pantazis, Panayotis; Ramanujam, Rama (2016-10-01). "Review: Chios mastic gum: a plant-produced resin ... Resins compose the hydrophobic portion of the gum base, responsible for its chewiness. Although the exact ingredients and ... The Ancient Greeks chewed mastic gum, made from the resin of the mastic tree. Mastic gum, like birch bark tar, has antiseptic ...
Also found in mango plants and cashews. Sap from certain species of mangrove and agave Thiomersal - mercury compound used in ... derived from tree resin. It may also be a component of artificial vanilla and/or cinnamon flavorings. Chromium - used in the ... Urushiol - oily coating from plants of Toxicodendron genus - poison ivy, poison oak, and poison sumac. ...
... it is most similar to the resins produced by flowering plants; however, there are no flowering plant fossils until the ... Carbamide resins - melamine, formaldehyde and urea-formaldehyde resins.. *Epoxy novolac (phenolic resins), unofficial name ... Langenheim, Jean (2003). Plant Resins: Chemistry, Evolution, Ecology, and Ethnobotany. Timber Press Inc. ISBN 0-88192-574-8.. ... Kauri resin from Agathis australis trees in New Zealand.. *The copals (subfossil resins). The African and American (Colombia) ...
Some cans are manufactured with a BPA-free enamel lining produced from plant oils and resins. On 20 February 2018, ...
Propagative material of these plants, such as seeds or cuttings, may no longer be planted, propagated, imported, bought, sold ... Cut logs ooze resin which is blood-red. (see image) Tipuana tipu is viewed as an invasive weed in some countries and is known ... It will, however, be legal to trade in the wood of Category 3 plants, or in other products that do not have the potential to ... The conditions on which these already existing plants may be retained are that they do not grow within 30 m from the 1:50 year ...
Plant Resins: Chemistry, Evolution, Ecology, and Ethnobotany (2003). "Kino (gum)". Encyclopedia Americana. 1920. ... Kino is the name of the plant gum produced by various plants and trees, particularly Eucalyptus, in reaction to mechanical ... It is possible that the same plant is the source of the South American kino. Kino is not absorbed at all from the stomach and ... ISBN 0-19-860046-1 Kino on www.henriettesherbal.com Aboriginal People and Their Plants, by Philip A. Clarke, p.104 Reynolds, ...
Phytosterols may be found naturally in plants. Similar to ezetimibe, phytosterols reduce the absorption of cholesterol in the ... Bile acid sequestrants (resins, e.g. cholestyramine) are particularly effective for lowering LDL-C by sequestering the ...
The drug-loaded resin particle is a sustained-release coated layered pharmaceutical drug-ion exchange resin having a one or ... provided for loading one or more drugs in a solution onto one or more ion exchange resin particles to form a drug-loaded resin ... The drug-resin complex then coated is shelf stable. ... to a non-equilibrated ion exchange resin to form a drug-resin ... plant nutrients and agents that improve soil structure. ... exchange resins can be used to form ion exchange resin drug ...
LH-301 Macroporous weakly Basic Anion exchange resin from China manufacturer on Hisupplier.com. ... Product Details of LH-301 Macroporous weakly Basic Anion exchange resin, ... Woody and Herbal Plant Extracts (14) * Food Additive Chemicals (31) * Cosmetic Ingredient Chemicals (29) ... Anion Exchange Resin Exchange Resin Ion Exchange Resin Lh Ovulation Basic Phone Stainless Steel 301 More>> ...
Type: RESIN. Incense is extracted by cutting the plants Boswellia Boswellia papyrifera namely, Boswellia Sacra or Carteri, ... The Frankincense resin is commonly burned in Christian churches during religious services. It a good support for any kind of ...
... the plant provides a notable incense fragrance and is distinguished by its aromatic resin and oil. Like standard frankincense, ... Boswellia serrata supplements are sourced from the resin that exudes from the trunk of the tree after it is punctured. ... In addition to promoting joint mobility, flexibility and comfort, the plants inflammation-modulating effect has shown ...
Resin glycosides are well known as purgative ingredients, which are characteristic of certain crude drugs such as Mexican ... Shellard EJ (1961) The chemistry of some Convolvulaceous resins part 1. Vera cruz jalap. Plant Med 9:102-116CrossRefGoogle ... This review describes the isolation and structural elucidation of resin glycosides from some Convolvulaceae plants, including ... Ono M, Nishi M, Kawasaki T, Miyahara K (1990) Resin glycosides. IX. Operculins I, II, V, VII and VIII, new ether-soluble resin ...
Originally a sap, mastic is sun-dried into pieces of brittle, translucent resin. When chewed, the resin softens and becomes a ... Yet other substances, such as pine tree resin and almond tree resin, are sometimes used in place of mastic. ... of resin secreted by the mastic plant. Ancient Jewish halachic sources indicate mastiha/mastic a treatment for bad breath: " ... Producing the mastic resin is a whole-year process for the local growers. The harvest is known as kentos and takes place from ...
Can you explain what the Live Resin extraction method is?. Live Resin is both a product and a process; live resin is a cannabis ... dry plant material, live resin expresses the aromatic and flavor qualities of the living cannabis plant. I dont know if youve ... Live Resin Project harvests cannabis plants at their freshest, when the aromatic qualities of the plant reach their peak. ... We want to remain authentic to the cannabis plant and the people that spend their lives producing it; Live Resin Project is our ...
... Chris Mays. Department of Palaeobiology, Naturhistoriska riksmuseet, Box 50007, S-104 05 ... plants and microorganisms-many groups of which have no prior fossil record in Australia, and in some instances, the entire ...
... APPENDIX. Austrosequoia novae-zeelandiae (Ettingshausen, 1887) Mays et al., 2017, animated ...
Select 2018 high quality Resin Production Plant products in best price from certified Chinese Plastic Machinery manufacturers, ... Resin Machine suppliers, wholesalers and factory on Made-in-China.com ... China Resin Reactor Bitumen Production Plant Unsaturated Polyester Resin Plant Gypsum Board Production Plant Resin Production ... Alkyd Resin Equipment Alkyd Resin Production Equipment Urea Formaldehyde Resin Plant Plasterboard Production Plant Alkyd Resin ...
At present, BASF is also building a new resin plant in Shanghai to meet the growing demand for automotive OEM coatings in Asia ... "Our resin competence is an important competitive edge and by expanding the resin capacity, we are adapting to the future market ... BASF to invest in expansion of German resin plant. 1/22/2014 ... HomeNewsBASF to invest in expansion of German resin plant. ... New hydrogen plant utilizing TechnipFMC technology in full operation 3/22. *Kuwait Petroleum Corp signs deal for long-term LNG ...
The plant, reportedly constructed to minimize its potential impact on the surrounding area, significantly increased the ... companys capacity to produce acrylic-based resins and service customers locally. ... recently announced the startup of its new plant in Chonburi, Thailand. ... Momentive to Build Thailand Resins Plant. SCG-DOW Group Finalizes Thailand Plant Startup. SCG-DOW Group Reaches Milestone for ...
Polyamide Resins. Alcohol solution polyamide resin is a kind of solid polyamide resin which can be soluble in IPA solvent with ... Alcohol solution polyamide resin is a kind of solid polyamide resin which can be soluble in IPA solvent with high ... Plant Sterol. Phytosterol is flake or white powder with strong anti-inflammatory effects.It is an important middle chemical to ... What is Huperzia Serrata Extract Huperzine A?Huperzia serrata is luxuriant plants, it has the tot.... ...
Brown captures plants and their diversity in paintings created using beeswax and resin -- a technique called encaustic painting ... Plants Portrayed in Beeswax & Resin at Arnold Arboretum. July 2, 2012 by Tania Marien ... Brown captures plants and their diversity in paintings created using beeswax and resin - a technique called encaustic painting ...
... and resin acids as specific tracers of plant classes in emissions from biomass combustion. Environmental Science and Technology ... and diterpenoids from resins. Certain of the higher molecular weight biomarkers are vaporized from the parent plant material ...
The plant is expected to be fully operational in the ... 2007 for its new resins plant in Wyandotte, MI, joined by ... BASF Breaks Ground for New Resins Plant * Cabot Corporation Completes Acquisition of NHUMO to Meet Growing Demand in North ... BASF officially broke ground July 16, 2007 for its new resins plant in Wyandotte, MI, joined by Michigan Gov. Jennifer Granholm ... The plant is expected to be fully operational in the second half of 2009, and will produce the JONCRYL products that BASF ...
Regional conference for Africa on the conservation, management and utilization of plant gums, resins and essential oils, ... Regional conference for Africa on the conservation, management and utilization of plant gums, resins and essential oils, ...
International Drug Scheduling; … Cannabis Plant and Resin; Extracts and Tinctures of Cannabis; Delta-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol; … ... Cannabis Plant and Resin; Extracts and Tinctures of Cannabis; Delta-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol; Stereoisomers of ...
Bouncing Bear Botanicals supplies quality Om Symbol Soapstone Resin Charcoal Burner Om Symbol Soapstone Resin Charcoal Burner ... Om Symbol Soapstone Resin Charcoal Burner.. This carved Om Symbol Resin Burner is made from real soapstone and is handmade in ... Om Symbol Soapstone Resin Charcoal Burner One Set is currently out of stock.. Click to be notified when when it is back in ... Customers that bought Om Symbol Soapstone Resin Charcoal Burner also bought... Tibetan Cedarwood Incense. Syrian Rue. Tencha- ...
Filtration Plants, Filter Cartridges, Resin Bonded Cellulose Melamine, Activated Carbon Cartridges, Resin Bonded Acrylic ... Oil Filteration Plants, Filters ( Industrial & Auto ), Filtration Systems, Filteration Systems, Filteration Equipments, ... Filtration Plants, Filter Cartridges, Resin Bonded Cellulose Melamine, Activated Carbon Cartridges, Resin Bonded Acrylic ... Vats has a well-equipped plant in Pune manufacturing quality filters to cater to the various filtration needs of our valued ...
View our entire inventory of Plastic Materials, Synthetic Resins & Rubber, Manmade Fibers Plants online. ... Synthetic Resins & Rubber, Manmade Fibers Plants at Perry Process. ... Home » Plants » Plastic Materials, Synthetic Resins & Rubber, Manmade Fibers Plants. Plastic Materials, Synthetic Resins & ... Pharmaceutical Plants (1). Plastic Materials, Synthetic Resins & Rubber, Manmade Fibers Plants (12). Plastic Rubber Plants (9) ...
Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing ... polymers made with resins are actually made with synthetic resin which is cheaper and easier to refine. Synthetic resin is much ... Acrylic Resin (emulsion Type) - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market ... The resin can be used in production of plastic, paints and many of the some substances that natural resin is used in. The ...
Alkyd Resin Plant, Chemical Resin Plant, Resin Manufacturing Plant and Unsaturated Polyester Resin Plant offered by Karadani ... Resin Plant. We offer a wide range of Resin Plant that is used mainly in the manufacturing of the enamel paints. Our range is ... Our company has managed to carve a niche in the market for the supply of a wide range of products such as the Alkyd Resin Plant ... Acrylic Emulsion Resin Plants are one of the most exclusive quality products of our company which we are not only manufacturing ...
Supervision & complete training to Customers plant personnel for the construction of Resins plants ... Apart from NTLs wide range of resin technologies, it also provides through its strong association of International experienced ... partner network, complete Engineering Services for the construction & operation of Resins Plants of different sizes. ...
Buy DIY Hand Plant Specimen Leaves Resin Ring to carry a tiny piece of the ocean on your finger. Find more unique rings at ...
FrankincenseIncenseTreeGumsAcrylicIndiaAlkyd resin plantsCoatingsGlueEmulsionSolublePhenolicSpeciesSynthetic resinChemicalPhenol FormaldehydeThermoplasticCanalsFormaldehydeCorrosionBlack resinFossil resinCompany'sManufacturing PlantMasticSearchMedicinalPowderProducts2019North AmericaMaterialPaintsLacquerCannabisChemicalsEconomicalConstituentHumansDuPontConiferOrnamentConeTypeNail polishAlcoholMarijuanaProcessSpecialty
- The Frankincense resin is commonly burned in Christian churches during religious services. (laviadellincenso.it)
- A member of the Burseraceae family, which includes myrrh and frankincense, the plant provides a notable incense fragrance and is distinguished by its aromatic resin and oil. (pipingrock.com)
- gums and resin, including gutta percha, Pentace spp. (fao.org)
- This study explores historical iatrosophia texts from Cyprus from a botanical and medico-pharmacological point of view focusing on remedies containing resins and gums. (frontiersin.org)
- Among the many drugs described in these texts, resins, and gums are endowed with a special relevance. (frontiersin.org)
- True gums are complex organic substances mostly obtained from plants, some of which are soluble in water and others of which, although insoluble in water, swell up by absorbing large quantities of it. (encyclopedia.com)
- Among the gum resins (mixtures of gums and resins) are ammoniac , asafetida, bdellium , gamboge , and myrrh. (encyclopedia.com)
- R. L. Davidson, Handbook of Water-Soluble Gums and Resins (1980). (encyclopedia.com)
- gums-resins-msg Period use of plant gums and resins. (yahoo.com)
- gums gum arabic gum tragacanth karaya gum resins courbaril hard resins copals. (bg-22-24.nl)
- The plant, reportedly constructed to minimize its potential impact on the surrounding area, significantly increased the company's capacity to produce acrylic-based resins and service customers locally. (adhesivesmag.com)
- The site, located on land purchased by the company in the Pinthong Industrial Estate Park, produces a range of acrylic resins. (adhesivesmag.com)
- The Acrylics are a group of thermoplastic resins formed by polymerization of esters or amides of acrylic acid. (niir.org)
- It is then used to cross-link with alkyd, epoxy, acrylic, and polyester resins, used in surface coatings. (abfindia.co.in)
- White Powder Solid Acrylic Resin DY2067 Used In The Modification Of Long-Oil Alkyds Ⅰ. (chinaqualitycrafts.com)
- Arkema's manufacturing site in Navi Mumbai also produces alkyd and acrylic solutions and oil-free polyester resins, as well as reactive polyamide resins. (coatingsworld.com)
- Struers offers two different types of cold mounting resins, epoxy and acrylic, the choice of which is determined by many factors including: type of material, specimen characteristics, quantity of specimens, and quality requirements. (industrialheating.com)
- At present, BASF is also building a new resin plant in Shanghai to meet the growing demand for automotive OEM coatings in Asia Pacific. (hydrocarbonprocessing.com)
- The resins produced by BASF are integral components of industrial and automotive OEM coatings and automotive refinish products. (hydrocarbonprocessing.com)
- These resign manufacturing plants are generally high-performance resign plants which are used in the products of a comprehensive range of solvent or water based emulsions or resigns which are further used for the manufacture of various kinds of paints and coatings. (krisheng.com)
- They are the dominant resin or "binder" in most commercial "oil-based" coatings. (sigmamixerkneader.com)
- REAFREE polyester resins are primarily used to develop low-VOC powder coatings for a wide range of industrial and architectural applications. (coatingsworld.com)
- Alcohol solution polyamide resin is a kind of solid polyamide resin which can be soluble in IPA solvent with high inoxidizability.Normally it is widely used in printing inks.It can imporve the advanced procedure and unique adhesion on PE, PP, PET surface.It also can firmly adhere to the surfaces of most dealt plastic and metal films when in high softening point. (kitairu.net)
- Alcohol solution polyamide resin is a kind of solid polyamide resin which can be soluble in IPA solvent with high inoxidizability.Normall. (kitairu.net)
- resin is soluble in alcohol, but not in composition and potential uses. (niir.org)
- Evaluation of a diesel locomotive fabrication plant (SIC-3519) reveals that odors generated by bacterial breakdown of soluble oil used as a coolant are not toxic but may cause nausea. (cdc.gov)
- Gum arabic, or gum acacia, is a typical, water-soluble gum obtained from various plants of the genus Acacia, chiefly those found in Africa. (encyclopedia.com)
- These compounds range from C_8 to C_(31) and include phytosterols, lignans, phenolic products from lignin, and diterpenoids from resins. (caltech.edu)
- The relative distribution of the OH/OCH_3 substituent patterns on the phenolic products indicates the plant class of the biomass that was burned. (caltech.edu)
- Resins confound a wide range of herbivores, insects, and pathogens, while the volatile phenolic compounds may attract benefactors such as parasitoids or predators of the herbivores that attack the plant. (wikipedia.org)
- Amber is fossil resin (also called resinite) from coniferous and other tree species. (wikipedia.org)
- Plant resins are generally produced as stem secretions, but in some Central and South American species such as Euphorbia dalechampia and Clusia species they are produced as pollination rewards, and used by some stingless bee species to construct their nests. (wikipedia.org)
- There are over 500 species of edible forest plants sold in Thai markets. (fao.org)
- In order to reduce the effects of these inherent undesirable properties and also to make proper use of the many existing wood-producing plant species and produce the best possible wood quality in the forest , it is essential to understand the complex nature of this material. (britannica.com)
- Developmental mechanisms driving fruit diversification are still poorly understood, despite progress in the study of fruit formation in model plant species such as Arabidopsis ( Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heyhn) and tomato ( Solanum lycopersicum L. (frontiersin.org)
- Under natural growth conditions, stomata are distributed nonrandomly in almost all plant species ( Willmer and Fricker, 1996 ). (plantcell.org)
- Vegetation types describing plant communities where incense-cedar is a dominant species are listed below. (fed.us)
- The Plants Database includes the following 20 species of Pittosporum . (usda.gov)
- Chemical Resin plants are one of the most exclusive quality products of our company which we are not only manufacturing extensively but also are supplying and providing the services for their installation in almost all the regions of the country. (krisheng.com)
- These chemical plants have been specially designed for the processing and manufacture of all the kinds of chemicals which are required for the use in the industrial processes. (krisheng.com)
- These chemical plants are used and appreciated in almost all the regions of the country and are widely in demand in several chemical and pharmaceutical industries. (krisheng.com)
- Chemical plants are part of the fabric of modern America. (asbestos.com)
- It takes tens of thousands of employees to run America's chemical plants, and in many cases, these workers put their lives on the line each day. (asbestos.com)
- A simple glance at a chemical plant, with its gleaming tanks and hissing smokestacks, makes it clear that working at such a location brings with it many hazards, including the potential for inhaling toxic fumes and the possibility of fires or explosions that cause serious injury and even death. (asbestos.com)
- In decades past, chemical plant workers were regularly exposed to toxic asbestos materials. (asbestos.com)
- Even when doctors began warning of cancer and other risks of exposure to the mineral as early as the 1930s, owners of chemical plants continued using it, even though safer, but more expensive, insulation materials were available at that time. (asbestos.com)
- This negligence resulted in generations of chemical plant workers developing asbestos-related diseases and other lung conditions. (asbestos.com)
- Some of the top chemical plants in the United States - Dow, DuPont, Georgia Pacific and Chevron Phillips, to name a few - have histories as defendants against former employees and their family members. (asbestos.com)
- Place of Origin Jiangsu, China (Mainland) Brand Name WH Machine Type Chemical resin production machine Product Type Urea Formaldehyde molding compound product type molding compound Wuxi Huihao Plastic & Rubber MachineryCo. (opencroquet.org)
- contains comprehensive information concerning the identification and use of medicinal plants by chemical structure and physiological effect, the art and science of making herbal medicine, the limitations and potential of viewing herbs chemically, and the challenge to current research paradigms posed by complex plant medicines. (powells.com)
- hrlich and Raven's postulate that rapid diversification follows innovation in plant defense has often been invoked a posteriori for plant lineages of unusual diversity and chemical distinctiveness. (mendeley.com)
- By contrast, an excess of phosphorus can cause "chemical buds" or it can "burn" the plant. (theweedblog.com)
- It contains comprehensive information concerning the identification and use of medicinal plants by chemical structure and physiological effect. (innertraditions.com)
- Resin canals are visible as small circular holes. (britannica.com)
- Escalation of Plant Defense: Do Latex and Resin Canals Spur Plant Diversification? (mendeley.com)
- Secretory canals are an independently defined, repeat- edly evolved feature that functions to protect plants from herbivores and pathogens. (mendeley.com)
- The canals might therefore be expected to allow plant radiation in an adaptive zone of reduced herbivory and disease. (mendeley.com)
- corrosion melamine urea formaldehyde resin for concrete admixtures Quick Detail: 1, Appearance shape: white crystallization granule or powder . (opencroquet.org)
- MF-2314 Melamine - urea - formaldehyde resin powder Use Three layers wood flooring, Bamboo flooring, Characteristic MF-2314 is melamine modified resin powder with low formaldehyde content. (opencroquet.org)
- 1. Product Specialty 5200F is Melamine Modified Urea formaldehyde Resin Powder as binders special for woodworking processing. (opencroquet.org)
- Product Specialty UFR-520 is Melamine Modified Urea formaldehyde Resin Powder as binders special for woodworking. (opencroquet.org)
- Melamine Formaldehyde Resin Plant offered are cost-effective, safe as well as reliable in terms of operations and are designed for delivering high quality industrial use. (abfindia.co.in)
- Melamine resin or melamine formaldehyde (also shortened to melamine) is a hard, thermosetting plastic material made from melamine and formaldehyde by polymerization. (abfindia.co.in)
- Resins also provide corrosion protection and weather resistance for BASF s products. (hydrocarbonprocessing.com)
- PVC Roof Tile Application Background PVC +ASA corrugated composite resin roof tile is the IDEAL REPLACEMENT of conventional asbestos and metal G.I. sheets which are not resistant to corrosion and weather under the high cost . (phrmg.org)
- Mastic (Greek: Μαστίχα) is a resin obtained from the mastic tree (Pistacia lentiscus). (wikipedia.org)
- Originally a sap, mastic is sun-dried into pieces of brittle, translucent resin. (wikipedia.org)
- Producing the mastic resin is a whole-year process for the local growers. (wikipedia.org)
- The Turkish Foundation for Combating Soil Erosion, for Reforestation and the Protection of Natural Habitats TEMA has been leading a project to protect the native mastic trees and to plant new ones in Çeşme peninsula to revive viable commercial production. (wikipedia.org)
- As part of this project, which is expected to last through 2016, over 3,000 mastic tree saplings were planted between 2008 and October 2011 to over 368 acres (149 hectares) of dedicated farm land provided by the Izmir Institute of Technology. (wikipedia.org)
- Medicinal Plant Biotechnology. (wikipedia.org)
- The Workshop on Promotion of Tropical NWFP in Thailand in 1999 made a decision to concentrate support on four NWFP: bamboo, rattan, sugar palm ( Arenga pinnata ), medicinal plants and spices. (fao.org)
- Since agricultural lands are very limited, many villagers depend on NWFP gathering (e.g. bamboo, mushrooms, edible and medicinal plants and sugar palm). (fao.org)
- The 1974 National Forest Policy specifies medicinal plants and herbs among the resources to be surveyed for efficient management and utilization because these remain one of country's resources which have not yet been fully exploited. (fao.org)
- With additional sections devoted to the principles of green medicine, the history of Western Herbalism, the variety of other medical modalities using medicinal plants, an extensive resource directory, and a discussion of treatments organized by body system, Medical Herbalism is the comprehensive textbook all students and practitioners of clinical herbalism need to develop their healing practices. (innertraditions.com)
- The new facility will produce polyester powder resins marketed under the REAFREE trade name. (coatingsworld.com)
- In addition to the new facility in Navi Mumbai, Arkema produces REAFREE polyester resins and runs powder coating R&D laboratories at its facilities in Sant Celoni, Spain and North Kansas City, Missouri. (coatingsworld.com)
- Anyone who shops at a certain grocery store to find the products they like, anyone who has a favorite craft beer, wine, or liquor, anyone who goes an extra step or two to make a buying decision-these are the exact people waiting to have a live resin experience. (coolhunting.com)
- Our company has managed to carve a niche in the market for the supply of a wide range of products such as the Alkyd Resin Plant which are high on demand in the market and they have been manufactured using a high quality of raw materials which have been procured from well known vendors in the market. (krisheng.com)
- This invention relates to heat-resistant, propylene resin-based molding materials which are excellent in moldability, and which can produce less warped, lightweight molded products having high heat resistance and high strength. (google.com)
- Molded products obtained from a propylene resin are excellent in mechanical strength, processability and economical efficiency, so that they have been widely used in the field of industrial parts such as automotive parts. (google.com)
- Check the label to make sure a cleaner uses only plant based products. (wikihow.com)
- We doesn't provide two part casting resin products or service, please contact them directly and verify their companies info carefully. (chinaqualitycrafts.com)
- How PVC is manufactured PVC production usually refers to the manufacture of PVC resin, which is the basis for the plethora of PVC products around us. (aqmforever.de)
- When such GE Plastics products as Ultem resins are produced, nitric acid is used, and emissions from this step are tightly controlled. (environmental-expert.com)
- Simply burning these materials as a low-value energy source is wasting opportunities for wealth creation: while the energy value of bark is in the range of 10-20 € per ton, its value as growth substrate is more than tenfold, and as a source of bioactive molecules for high value-added products in medicine, cosmetics, industrial chemicals, or plant protection products, the potential value is several orders of magnitude greater. (europa.eu)
- Arkema inaugurated a new first-class polyester resin manufacturing facility in Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra on Feb. 13, 2019. (coatingsworld.com)
- Beginning Aug. 1, 2019, Brenntag North America, Inc. will be the primary U.S. distributor for Arkema's waterborne resins sold under the Encor, Celocor, Snap and Neocar trade names. (coatingsworld.com)
- The final product can take many familiar concentrate forms-such as shatter, budder, sauce, crystalline-but what this means for the consumer is that unlike traditional extracts that are made from dead, dry plant material, live resin expresses the aromatic and flavor qualities of the living cannabis plant. (coolhunting.com)
- Certain of the higher molecular weight biomarkers are vaporized from the parent plant material and subsequently condense unaltered into the particle phase. (caltech.edu)
- Unused nonwoven synthetic material (Spanbond) production plant rated 22,000 tons per year. (perryprocess.co.uk)
- Raw material is PP. The plant can produce not only geotextile, but synthetic carpet base, laminated packing material. (perryprocess.co.uk)
- Silicone resin blends are not only desirable due to their performance within a formulation, but also for how the manufacturing issues from handling the neat resin can be avoided with already blended material. (happi.com)
- There is provided a heat-resistant, propylene resin-based molding material, comprising the following components (A) and (B): component (A): 3 to 97% by weight of a resin-impregnated glass fiber bundle comprising: constituent (a1): 20 to 80 parts by weight of glass fibers having a length of at least 3. (google.com)
- 2. The heat-resistant, propylene resin-based molding material according to claim 1, further comprising a filler having an aspect ratio of 3 or more in an amount of 50 parts by weight or less for 100 parts by weight of the total of the components (A) and (B). (google.com)
- 4. The heat-resistant, propylene resin-based molding material according to claim 1, further comprising at least one elastomer selected from the group consisting of ethylene elastomers and styrene elastomers in an amount of 50 parts by weight or less for 100 parts by weight of the total of the components (A) and (B). (google.com)
- 5. The heat-resistant, propylene resin-based molding material according to claim 1, having an MFR of 20 g/10 min or more. (google.com)
- 6. A molded product obtained from the heat-resistant, propylene resin-based molding material according to claim 1. (google.com)
- Patentorg has 785 documents under Resins or Natural Rubbers From Plant Material, Boron, Ketone, Silicon and Other Reactants Patents. (patentorg.com)
- With the continued growth and therapeutic commercial importance of MAb production, the availability of high-quality resin material and secondary sourcing are growing concerns. (bioprocessintl.com)
- The eight resins tested varied with respect to their matrix material, particle size, and type of immobilized protein A. The estimated DBCs (40-60 g/L) are published by the respective vendors. (bioprocessintl.com)
- PVC resin as raw material vinyl printed layer thermal ink transfering film for LVT flooring PVC decorative film is a kind of new environmental protection materials. (phrmg.org)
- Live Resin Project harvests cannabis plants at their freshest, when the aromatic qualities of the plant reach their peak. (coolhunting.com)
- live resin is a cannabis concentrate which is produced by extracting fresh frozen cannabis plants, harvested at their absolute peak essential oil content. (coolhunting.com)
- I don't know if you've ever smelled a living cannabis plant versus a bag of dried weed, but to say that it's "different" would be an understatement. (coolhunting.com)
- Around 90% of the essential oil content of a living cannabis plant is wasted when it is dried because it literally goes into the air. (coolhunting.com)
- We want to take cannabis concentrates from a niche product only consumed by the most ardent of cannabis consumers and flip it into a product for anyone who appreciates flavor-and that's exactly what we created with Live Resin Project. (coolhunting.com)
- Is Live Resin Project a way to authenticate a new era in cannabis? (coolhunting.com)
- Aside from needing sunlight each day and good soil to grow in, cannabis plants also need a fair amount of water. (theweedblog.com)
- How Cold can Cannabis Plants Take? (theweedblog.com)
- How far should Grow Lights be from the top of a Cannabis Plants? (theweedblog.com)
- Bah M, Pereda-Miranda R (1997) Isolation and structural characterization of new glycolipid ester-type dimers from the resin of Ipomoea tricolor (Convolvulaceae). (springer.com)
- Escalante-Sánchez E, Pereda-Miranda R (2007) Batatins I and II, ester-type dimers of acylated pentasaccarides from the resin glycosides of sweet potato. (springer.com)
- Castañeda-Gómez J, Figueroa-González G, Jacobo N, Pereda-Miranda R (2013) Purgin II, a resin glycoside ester-type dimer and inhibitor of multidrug efflux pumps from Ipomoea purga . (springer.com)
- Cast resin dry type transformer, eco-friendly, high efficiency. (chinaqualitycrafts.com)
- If multiple plant lineages have evolved the new defense type, then according to the postulate they should be consistently more diverse than their sister groups (of equal age, by definition) when the latter retain the primitive defensive repertoire. (mendeley.com)
- Resin can refer to leftover marijuana or tobacco residue left in a pipe or bong after use. (wikihow.com)
- Although a phosphorus deficiency is rare, it can cause major problems with your marijuana plants. (theweedblog.com)
- Download my free marijuana grow bible for more tips about nutrients and marijuana plants. (theweedblog.com)
- The marijuana plant is normally green. (theweedblog.com)
- What Is The Ideal Temperature For Growing Marijuana Plants? (theweedblog.com)
- This is the same for both indoor and outdoor marijuana plants. (theweedblog.com)
- During the site selection process for the new plant, BASF received an attractive package of incentives from the state of Michigan, Wayne County and Wyandotte City Council. (inkworldmagazine.com)
- We also offer self-contained Pre-Investment and Pre-Feasibility Studies, Market Surveys and Studies, Preparation of Techno-Economic Feasibility Reports, Identification and Selection of Plant and Machinery, Manufacturing Process and or Equipment required, General Guidance, Technical and Commercial Counseling for setting up new industrial projects on the following topics. (niir.org)
- We also have the facility to offer multipurpose oil alkyd resin plant and long oil alkyd resin plant where in the plant can run on solvent process or by fusion process. (paintdisperser.com)
- Higher quality higher performance alkyds are produced in the fatty acid process where the composition of the resulting resin can be more precisely controlled. (sigmamixerkneader.com)
- In bioprocess purification, protein A leakage from chromatography resins must be reduced to acceptable levels before final therapeutic formulation, and it is typically monitored throughout the downstream process. (bioprocessintl.com)
- Whether the objective is to replace an existing in-process purification step or validate two commercial protein A resins for one discrete process, it is imperative that all critical process parameters remain as similar as possible under identical process conditions. (bioprocessintl.com)
- To help the process along, set the plant near a window or under a lamp, so it can receive light to help heat up the inside of the bag. (wikihow.com)
- If that's the case, reseal the bag over the plant and repeat the process. (wikihow.com)