Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.
Living facilities for humans.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
The status of health in urban populations.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
The status of health in rural populations.
The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.
The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.
An arrangement of wires distributing electricity.
A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.
The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.
An infant during the first month after birth.
The geographic area of the southeastern region of the United States in general or when the specific state or states are not included. The states usually included in this region are Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, West Virginia, and Virginia.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Any substance in the air which could, if present in high enough concentration, harm humans, animals, vegetation or material. Substances include GASES; PARTICULATE MATTER; and volatile ORGANIC CHEMICALS.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.
The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Process of cultural change in which one group or members of a group assimilate various cultural patterns from another.
Waste products which threaten life, health, or the environment when improperly treated, stored, transported, disposed of, or otherwise managed.
Computer systems capable of assembling, storing, manipulating, and displaying geographically referenced information, i.e. data identified according to their locations.
Gases, fumes, vapors, and odors escaping from the cylinders of a gasoline or diesel internal-combustion engine. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed & Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
The contamination of indoor air.
Revenues or receipts accruing from business enterprise, labor, or invested capital.
A vertical distance measured from a known level on the surface of a planet or other celestial body.
Means or process of supplying water (as for a community) usually including reservoirs, tunnels, and pipelines and often the watershed from which the water is ultimately drawn. (Webster, 3d ed)
People who leave their place of residence in one country and settle in a different country.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.
The inhabitants of peripheral or adjacent areas of a city or town.
A province of Canada, lying between the provinces of Saskatchewan and Ontario. Its capital is Winnipeg. Taking its name from Lake Manitoba, itself named for one of its islands, the name derived from Algonquian Manitou, great spirit. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p724 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p332)
The time it takes for a substance (drug, radioactive nuclide, or other) to lose half of its pharmacologic, physiologic, or radiologic activity.
City, urban, rural, or suburban areas which are characterized by severe economic deprivation and by accompanying physical and social decay.
A province of eastern Canada, one of the Maritime Provinces with NEW BRUNSWICK; PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND; and sometimes NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR. Its capital is Halifax. The territory was granted in 1621 by James I to the Scotsman Sir William Alexander and was called Nova Scotia, the Latin for New Scotland. The territory had earlier belonged to the French, under the name of Acadia. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p871 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p384)
Chemicals used to destroy pests of any sort. The concept includes fungicides (FUNGICIDES, INDUSTRIAL); INSECTICIDES; RODENTICIDES; etc.
A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
The methyl homolog of parathion. An effective, but highly toxic, organothiophosphate insecticide and cholinesterase inhibitor.
The measurement of radiation by photography, as in x-ray film and film badge, by Geiger-Mueller tube, and by SCINTILLATION COUNTING.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
The status of health in suburban populations.
Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
The systems and processes involved in the establishment, support, management, and operation of registers, e.g., disease registers.
A demographic parameter indicating a person's status with respect to marriage, divorce, widowhood, singleness, etc.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
Units that convert some other form of energy into electrical energy.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Collection, analysis, and interpretation of data about the frequency, distribution, and consequences of disease or health conditions, for use in the planning, implementing, and evaluating public health programs.
Enumerations of populations usually recording identities of all persons in every place of residence with age or date of birth, sex, occupation, national origin, language, marital status, income, relation to head of household, information on the dwelling place, education, literacy, health-related data (e.g., permanent disability), etc. The census or "numbering of the people" is mentioned several times in the Old Testament. Among the Romans, censuses were intimately connected with the enumeration of troops before and after battle and probably a military necessity. (From Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed; Garrison, An Introduction to the History of Medicine, 4th ed, p66, p119)
Housing for groups of patients, children, or others who need or desire emotional or physical support. They are usually established as planned, single housekeeping units in residential dwellings that provide care and supervision for small groups of residents, who, although unrelated, live together as a family.
High temperature destruction of waste by burning with subsequent reduction to ashes or conversion to an inert mass.
Size and composition of the family.
A statistically significant excess of cases of a disease, occurring within a limited space-time continuum.
The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
A range of values for a variable of interest, e.g., a rate, constructed so that this range has a specified probability of including the true value of the variable.
Measurement of radioactivity in the entire human body.
Aspects of health and disease related to travel.
The presence of contaminants or pollutant substances in the air (AIR POLLUTANTS) that interfere with human health or welfare, or produce other harmful environmental effects. The substances may include GASES; PARTICULATE MATTER; or volatile ORGANIC CHEMICALS.
Used for general articles concerning statistics of births, deaths, marriages, etc.
The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.
All deaths reported in a given population.
People who frequently change their place of residence.

Incidence and duration of hospitalizations among persons with AIDS: an event history approach. (1/4722)

OBJECTIVE: To analyze hospitalization patterns of persons with AIDS (PWAs) in a multi-state/multi-episode continuous time duration framework. DATA SOURCES: PWAs on Medicaid identified through a match between the state's AIDS Registry and Medicaid eligibility files; hospital admission and discharge dates identified through Medicaid claims. STUDY DESIGN: Using a Weibull event history framework, we model the hazard of transition between hospitalized and community spells, incorporating the competing risk of death in each of these states. Simulations are used to translate these parameters into readily interpretable estimates of length of stay, the probability that a hospitalization will end in death, and the probability that a nonhospitalized person will be hospitalized within 90 days. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: In multivariate analyses, participation in a Medicaid waiver program offering case management and home care was associated with hospital stays 1.3 days shorter than for nonparticipants. African American race and Hispanic ethnicity were associated with hospital stays 1.2 days and 1.0 day longer than for non-Hispanic whites; African Americans also experienced more frequent hospital admissions. Residents of the high-HIV-prevalence area of the state had more frequent admissions and stays two days longer than those residing elsewhere in the state. Older PWAs experienced less frequent hospital admissions but longer stays, with hospitalizations of 55-year-olds lasting 8.25 days longer than those of 25-year-olds. CONCLUSIONS: Much socioeconomic and geographic variability exists both in the incidence and in the duration of hospitalization among persons with AIDS in New Jersey. Event history analysis provides a useful statistical framework for analysis of these variations, deals appropriately with data in which duration of observation varies from individual to individual, and permits the competing risk of death to be incorporated into the model. Transition models of this type have broad applicability in modeling the risk and duration of hospitalization in chronic illnesses.  (+info)

Effects of family history and place and season of birth on the risk of schizophrenia. (2/4722)

BACKGROUND: Although a family history of schizophrenia is the best-established risk factor for schizophrenia, environmental factors such as the place and season of birth may also be important. METHODS: Using data from the Civil Registration System in Denmark, we established a population-based cohort of 1.75 million persons whose mothers were Danish women born between 1935 and 1978. We linked this cohort to the Danish Psychiatric Central Register and identified 2669 cases of schizophrenia among cohort members and additional cases among their parents. RESULTS: The respective relative risks of schizophrenia for persons with a mother, father, or sibling who had schizophrenia were 9.31 (95 percent confidence interval, 7.24 to 11.96), 7.20 (95 percent confidence interval, 5.10 to 10.16), and 6.99 (95 percent confidence interval, 5.38 to 9.09), as compared with persons with no affected parents or siblings. The risk of schizophrenia was associated with the degree of urbanization of the place of birth (relative risk for the capital vs. rural areas, 2.40; 95 percent confidence interval, 2.13 to 2.70). The risk was also significantly associated with the season of birth; it was highest for births in February and March and lowest for births in August and September. The population attributable risk was 5.5 percent for a history of schizophrenia in a parent or sibling, 34.6 percent for urban place of birth, and 10.5 percent for the season of birth. CONCLUSIONS: Although a history of schizophrenia in a parent or sibling is associated with the highest relative risk of having the disease, the place and season of birth account for many more cases on a population basis.  (+info)

Natural history of Helicobacter pylori infection in childhood: 12-year follow-up cohort study in a biracial community. (3/4722)

We assessed the pattern of acquisition and loss of Helicobacter pylori infection in a cohort of 212 children from a biracial community with a homogeneous socioeconomic class. The children were followed over 12 years (1973-1974 to 1985-1986) from childhood to young adulthood. H. pylori status was assessed by the presence of serum IgG antibodies to H. pylori. At ages 7-9, 19% of children had H. pylori infection (40% of blacks vs. 11% of whites; P = .0001); 12 years later, 33% were seropositive. The higher prevalence among blacks remained (P = .0001). During follow-up, 22% of children became infected; the rate of acquisition was fourfold greater among blacks than among whites (P = .001). Over the 12-year period, infection was lost in 50% of whites compared with 4% of blacks who either remained infected or became reinfected. H. pylori infection in childhood is affected by both acquisition and loss of infection in different ethnic groups. This observation is critical for understanding the epidemiology and transmission of H. pylori infection.  (+info)

Exposure to indoor background radiation and urinary concentrations of 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine, a marker of oxidative DNA damage. (4/4722)

We investigated whether exposure to indoor [gamma]-radiation and radon might be associated with enough free radical formation to increase urinary concentrations of 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), a sensitive marker of DNA damage, due to a hydroxyl radical attack at the C8 of guanine. Indoor radon and [gamma]-radiation levels were measured in 32 dwellings for 6 months by solid-state nuclear track detectors and thermoluminescent dosimeters, respectively. Urine samples for 8-OHdG determinations were obtained from 63 healthy adult subjects living in the measured dwellings. An overall tendency toward increasing levels of 8-OHdG with increasing levels of radon and [gamma]-radiation was seen in the females, presumably due to their estimated longer occupancy in the dwellings measured. Different models were considered for females, with the steepest slopes obtained for [gamma]-radiation with a coefficient of 0.500 (log nmol/l of 8-OHdG for each unit increase of [gamma]-radiation on a log scale) (p<0.01), and increasing to 0.632 (p = 0.035), but with larger variance, when radon was included in the model. In conclusion, there seems to be an effect of indoor radioactivity on the urinary excretion of 8-OHdG for females, who are estimated to have a higher occupancy in the dwellings measured than for males, for whom occupational and other agents may also influence 8-OHdG excretion. ree radicals; [gamma]-radiation; radon.  (+info)

Indoor, outdoor, and regional summer and winter concentrations of PM10, PM2.5, SO4(2)-, H+, NH4+, NO3-, NH3, and nitrous acid in homes with and without kerosene space heaters. (5/4722)

Twenty-four-hour samples of PM10 (mass of particles with aerodynamic diameter < or = 10 microm), PM2.5, (mass of particles with aerodynamic diameter < or = 2.5 microm), particle strong acidity (H+), sulfate (SO42-), nitrate (NO3-), ammonia (NH3), nitrous acid (HONO), and sulfur dioxide were collected inside and outside of 281 homes during winter and summer periods. Measurements were also conducted during summer periods at a regional site. A total of 58 homes of nonsmokers were sampled during the summer periods and 223 homes were sampled during the winter periods. Seventy-four of the homes sampled during the winter reported the use of a kerosene heater. All homes sampled in the summer were located in southwest Virginia. All but 20 homes sampled in the winter were also located in southwest Virginia; the remainder of the homes were located in Connecticut. For homes without tobacco combustion, the regional air monitoring site (Vinton, VA) appeared to provide a reasonable estimate of concentrations of PM2.5 and SO42- during summer months outside and inside homes within the region, even when a substantial number of the homes used air conditioning. Average indoor/outdoor ratios for PM2.5 and SO42- during the summer period were 1.03 +/- 0.71 and 0.74 +/- 0.53, respectively. The indoor/outdoor mean ratio for sulfate suggests that on average approximately 75% of the fine aerosol indoors during the summer is associated with outdoor sources. Kerosene heater use during the winter months, in the absence of tobacco combustion, results in substantial increases in indoor concentrations of PM2.5, SO42-, and possibly H+, as compared to homes without kerosene heaters. During their use, we estimated that kerosene heaters added, on average, approximately 40 microg/m3 of PM2.5 and 15 microg/m3 of SO42- to background residential levels of 18 and 2 microg/m3, respectively. Results from using sulfuric acid-doped Teflon (E.I. Du Pont de Nemours & Co., Wilmington, DE) filters in homes with kerosene heaters suggest that acid particle concentrations may be substantially higher than those measured because of acid neutralization by ammonia. During the summer and winter periods indoor concentrations of ammonia are an order of magnitude higher indoors than outdoors and appear to result in lower indoor acid particle concentrations. Nitrous acid levels are higher indoors than outdoors during both winter and summer and are substantially higher in homes with unvented combustion sources.  (+info)

Environmental contaminants and body fat distribution. (6/4722)

The effect of body mass index (BMI) and waist:hip ratio (WHR) on plasma levels of organochlorines [i.e., 1,1-dichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)ethylene (DDE)] was investigated in a sample of black and white women drawn from a population-based study in North Carolina. Organochlorine levels were determined in plasma samples from 99 women selected on the basis of race (black versus white) and quartile of the WHR (1st versus 4th). Of a panel of 20 organochlorine compounds tested, only DDE was detectable in most study subjects. Measurements of height, weight, and waist and hip circumferences were taken during an in-person interview. Information was elicited regarding dietary, residential, and breast-feeding histories. Results of multiple regression analyses indicate that black women had significantly higher plasma levels of DDE than white women. These levels were independent of BMI and WHR. BMI but not WHR was also found to be an independent predictor of DDE plasma level. These results suggest that black/white differences should be considered in studies that explore the relationship between environmental contaminants and various disease outcomes, such as breast cancer risk. In addition, BMI may affect circulating levels of contaminants and should also be considered a potentially important modifying factor for exposure to lipophilic substances.  (+info)

What's driving an epidemic? The spread of syphilis along an interstate highway in rural North Carolina. (7/4722)

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine whether county syphilis rates were increased along Interstate Highway 95 (I-95) in North Carolina during a recent epidemic. METHODS: Ecological data on syphilis cases demographic data, highway data, and drug activity data were used to conduct a cross-sectional and longitudinal study of North Carolina countries from 1985 to 1994. Crude and adjusted incidence rate ratios (IRRs) were determined by means of standard and longitudinal Poisson regression models adjusted for sociodemographic factors and drug use. RESULTS: Ten-year syphilis rates in I-95 counties greatly exceeded rates in non-I-95 counties (38 vs 16 cases per 100,000 persons) and remained higher after adjustment for race, age, sex, poverty, large cities, and drug activity (adjusted IRR = 2.05, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.84, 2.28). Syphilis rates were stable until 1989, when rates increased sharply in I-95 counties but remained stable in non-I-95 counties. Increased drug activity in I-95 counties preceded the rise in syphilis cases. CONCLUSIONS: A better understanding of the relationship between high-ways and the spread of sexually transmitted diseases may guide future prevention interventions.  (+info)

A deviation bar chart for detecting dengue outbreaks in Puerto Rico. (8/4722)

OBJECTIVES: A Centers for Disease Control and Prevention deviation bar chart (Statistical Software for Public Health Surveillance) and laboratory-based surveillance data were evaluated for their utility in detecting dengue outbreaks in Puerto Rico. METHODS: A significant increase in dengue incidence was defined as an excess of suspected cases of more than 2 SDs beyond the mean for all 4-week periods from April through June (the period of lowest seasonal incidence), 1989 through 1993. An outbreak was defined as a cumulative annual rate of reported dengue greater than 3 per 1000 population. RESULTS: Retrospective application of the system to 1994 data showed agreement with previous analyses. In 1995 and 1996, 36.4% and 27.3%, respectively, of municipalities with a significant increase in reports for 2 or more consecutive weeks before the first week of September had an outbreak, compared with 9.0% (in 1995, P = .042) and 6.0% (in 1996, P = .054) of towns without a significant increase. The system showed sensitivity near 40%, specificity near 89%, and accuracy in classifying municipalities near 84%. CONCLUSIONS: This method provides a statistically based, visually striking, specific, and timely signal for dengue control efforts.  (+info)

In the medical field, hazardous waste refers to any waste material that poses a significant risk to human health or the environment if not properly managed. This includes a wide range of materials, such as used needles, syringes, chemotherapy drugs, biological waste, and pharmaceuticals. Hazardous medical waste must be handled and disposed of according to strict regulations to prevent the spread of infectious diseases and to protect the environment. These regulations are typically enforced by local, state, and federal agencies, and may vary depending on the type and amount of waste being generated. Proper management of hazardous medical waste includes segregation, labeling, packaging, transportation, treatment, and disposal. Segregation involves separating waste into different categories based on its hazard level, while labeling and packaging ensure that waste is clearly identified and protected during transportation. Treatment may involve incineration, chemical neutralization, or other methods to reduce the risk of exposure to hazardous materials. Finally, disposal involves safely disposing of waste in a manner that minimizes its impact on the environment and human health.

In the medical field, "Vehicle Emissions" generally refers to the harmful gases and particles that are released into the air by vehicles, such as cars, trucks, buses, and motorcycles. These emissions can include carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, sulfur dioxide, particulate matter, and volatile organic compounds, among other pollutants. Exposure to vehicle emissions can have negative health effects on humans, particularly those with pre-existing respiratory or cardiovascular conditions. Long-term exposure to high levels of vehicle emissions can increase the risk of developing respiratory diseases such as asthma, bronchitis, and emphysema, as well as cardiovascular diseases such as heart attacks and strokes. In addition to the health effects on humans, vehicle emissions also contribute to air pollution, which can have negative impacts on the environment and climate. For example, air pollution can contribute to the formation of smog, which can reduce visibility and harm crops and other vegetation. It can also contribute to the formation of ground-level ozone, which can harm human health and damage crops and other vegetation.

Methyl parathion is an organophosphate insecticide and acaricide that is used to control a wide range of pests, including insects, mites, and ticks. It works by inhibiting the enzyme acetylcholinesterase, which is responsible for breaking down the neurotransmitter acetylcholine in the nervous system. When acetylcholinesterase is inhibited, acetylcholine builds up in the nervous system, leading to overstimulation and eventually paralysis and death. Methyl parathion is highly toxic to humans and animals, and exposure can cause a range of symptoms, including nausea, vomiting, dizziness, confusion, muscle weakness, and respiratory distress. In severe cases, exposure can lead to seizures, coma, and death. Methyl parathion is banned for use in many countries, including the United States, due to its high toxicity and potential for environmental contamination.

"Residence Halls". Virginia State University. Archived from the original on May 29, 2013. Retrieved July 1, 2013. "Schools". ... "General Characteristics of Headcount Enrollment" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on March 17, 2009. Retrieved January ...
... as well as any other characteristics of the weapon; (3) Proof of having undertaken a ballistic test; (4) Payment of municipal ... Form with personal information and residence; (2) Brand, model, serial number, identification of modification of calibre, if ...
The residence is now owned by the Barrow family, who have preserved its farm setting. Frascati was added to the Virginia ... Frascati's Tuscan portico and classical detailing are Jeffersonian architectural characteristics. The 57' x 39' structure is ... Frascati was the residence of Philip P. Barbour, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States and statesman. ... Frascati's shallow hipped roof covers the two-story, double-pile residence. Frascati's main entrance has paneled double doors ...
Roseville demonstrates the principal characteristics of an 1880s Brisbane residence. The place is important because of its ... The residence was called Roseville, reputedly because of the large rose garden Myers established in the grounds. Cowlishaw sold ... This large single-storeyed residence is on the slopes of Teneriffe Hill. It was constructed about 1886 for George Myers, a ... The place is important in demonstrating the principal characteristics of a particular class of cultural places. ...
Census and Statistics Department (2007). Session 4.7 Place of Birth and Duration of Residence in Hong Kong. Hong Kong 2006 ... Census and Statistics Department (2007). Living Arrangement and Household Characteristics 2.21. Hong Kong 2006 Population By- ...
The demographic characteristics of national minorities in certain European States The demographic characteristics of the main ... "Total fertility rate by statistical regions, districts and place of residence - National statistical institute". www.nsi.bg. ... "Total fertility rate by statistical regions, districts and place of residence - National statistical institute". www.nsi.bg. " ... "Население по местоживеене, възраст и вероизповедание" [Population by place of residence, age and religion]. Archived from the ...
... demonstrates the principal characteristics of a substantial timber urban residence. Set in extensive grounds and ... The residence also has an association with the Stephens family, the prominent Queensland family who built the house. "Kitawah ( ... Kitawah is a substantial timber residence constructed in 1911 for Brisbane solicitor Llewellyn Stephens and designed by ... The place is important in demonstrating the principal characteristics of a particular class of cultural places. ...
... demonstrates the principal characteristics of an isolated island residence. Built by the owner, at a time when ... Leeke Homestead, constructed c.1922-24 is a basic, timber and corrugated iron residence located on Great Keppel Island, near ... The place is important in demonstrating the principal characteristics of a particular class of cultural places. ...
The residence displays many characteristics which Dods valued in domestic architecture. These characteristics include a concern ... The residence was designed by Robin Dods as a rental house for his mother, and constructed in 1900. The residence was built ... remain characteristic of his work alone. The residence has been identified as forming part of the Significant Character Items ... The residence is significant in demonstrating the continued growth of the New Farm area in the early part of the 20th century, ...
After that, several expeditions have studied the lake's characteristics. The first reconnaissance study of the lake was carried ... Residence time of the boulders has been estimated as 500 years. The floating boulders, which are several metres in diameter, ... Further, studies carried out during the austral summer confirm the lake's homogeneous characteristics, with thermal convection ...
... the new Residence differed from the common private houses and it "contains certain characteristics which (…) place it among ... Princess Ljubica's Residence inside Inside of Princess Ljubica's Residence Inside of Residence "Информациони систем непокретних ... Princess Ljubica Residence has been proclaimed as 1st category cultural property in 1979. Princess Ljubica's Residence Princess ... but taking into consideration its age and state Prince Miloš Obrenović had decided to build another residence. New residence as ...
Amla is a good example, of a residence in this idiom. It displays many of the characteristics typical of the Interwar ... In 1953 with the transfer of the Ellemor's to the south the house was purchased by the present owners as a city residence. The ... The practice closed in 1980, but Hegvold came out of retirement in 1984 to design the new fire station and residence at Emu ... Amla is a two storey cubiform residence with a timber structure faced externally with textured cement render. It has a skillion ...
Hope worked on the robe at SHI's Delores Churchill Artist-in-Residence Studio. While she was working on the project, her mother ... It mainly holds the same outlined shapes and characteristics from the Lineage Robe. ... "Online Collections", Museum Purchase: Funds by Elizabeth Cole Butler "NEWS_Artist-in-residence, apprentice to give presentation ... AK 2022 Artist-in-Residence at Institute of American Indian Arts, January 20 - Feb 8 2022 2021 SHIFT award from Native Arts and ...
The residence displays more characteristics of domestic architecture in its scale and detail. The former Customs House is ... The residence is an asymmetrical two storeyed building, which shares the use of red face brick and rough cast stucco, on a dark ... The residence was a two storeyed building with six bedrooms and wide verandahs allowing sweeping views of the river. Unlike the ... The residence, adjacent to the south eastern side of the former Customs House is more inwardly focussed with principal entrance ...
"Residence time distribution with many reactions and in several environments." In A. Petho and R.D. Noble (eds.). Residence time ... 37, 1123 (1982). "Some characteristic nonlinearities of reacting systems." In A. Bishop, D. Campbell, and B. Nicolaenko (eds ... 37, 69-76 (1982). "The scope of R.T.D. theory." In A. Pethos and R.D. Noble (eds.), Residence time distribution theory in ... 12, 228-250 (1966). "Compartmental analysis and the theory of residence time distributions." In K.B. Warren, (ed.,). ...
Frith acted as architect for a similar house in Tujunga, which he built as his own residence. The Ford House was designated # ... "Tudor Architecture, Explained: History and Characteristics". Homedit. Retrieved 17 August 2023. Goff, Lee (2002). Tudor Style: ... This is the only structural change to have occurred at the residence since its construction. Glendale Register of Historic ...
Since 1999 Fritz Huser has been artist in residence in the historic Müllerhaus in Lenzburg. In addition to numerous exhibitions ... This results in his characteristic colors and structures. The picture surfaces are dry and grainy, the themes poetic, ...
Moorlands is important in demonstrating the principal characteristics of a substantial 1890s brick residence. The place is ... Moorlands is important in demonstrating the principal characteristics of a substantial 1890s brick residence. Moorlands is ... It replaced an earlier timber residence on the site which was known as Moorlands Villa. Mary Mayne, widow of Patrick Mayne, had ... The place is important in demonstrating the principal characteristics of a particular class of cultural places. ...
Icon Residence, Malaysia Icon Residences features buildings blocks that gives each tower a uniquely different profile, with ... The design was inspired by the random characteristics of mountainous rocks weathered by nature. It is a mixed development ... Icon Residence Mont Kiara). - Won Malaysia Best High-Rise Architecture 2012-2013 (Icon Residence Mont Kiara). - Won the World ... Icon Residence also won several awards. Icon City, Malaysia This award winning building is located in Petaling Jaya, Malaysia. ...
It is important in demonstrating the principal characteristics of a large, late 1880s residence. The place is important because ... Redlands, a two-storeyed brick residence, was designed by Toowoomba architect James Marks and built by Henry Andrews in 1889 ... Since the establishment of Concordia College, Redlands has served a number of purposes including a residence for the first ... It is important in exhibiting a range of aesthetic characteristics valued by the Toowoomba community, in particular the ...
The fine quality of the residence exhibits particular aesthetic characteristics valued by the community. The place has a ... The fine quality of the residence exhibits particular aesthetic characteristics valued by the community. Miegunyah is ... Miegunyah demonstrates the principal characteristics of a substantial single storeyed 1880s residence, including stables and ... Miegunyah demonstrates the principal characteristics of a substantial single storeyed 1880s residence, including stables and ...
It is distinguished by the large number of characteristic horizontal sections. The façade of the building is asymmetrical, the ... The residence was built between 1898 and 1902. It was built by Baku citizens - the Gasimov brothers. The building has a corner ... Mitrofanov Residence (Azerbaijani: Mitrofanovun evi) is a mansion in Baku, capital of Azerbaijan. It was built by Dmitry D. ... Митрофанова (Баку) / Mitrofanov Residence (Baku)" (in Russian). ourbaku.com. Archived from the original on May 14, 2020. ...
A characteristic feature of the bowl is its cylindrical/conical shape. There is a differential speed between the decanter bowl ... A high differential speed results in a smaller residence time of the cake settlement, so it is necessary to keep the cake ... The characteristic above all affects the clarity of the liquid output which is dependent on the volumetric throughout rate, ... This characteristic is dependent on the radius of the centrifuge and its angular rotational speed. A decanter centrifuge ...
The USA is given as her country of permanent residence. She was still in London the following year, when she attended a garden ... The last work Allan exhibited at the RA was in 1935; it had a characteristic and fitting title - Home from the Sea. Although ...
The residence has an open plan and is an example of the Third Bay Tradition style. A repository of plans from the tradition are ... The tradition had playful, woodsy, and informal characteristics. It was environmentally attentive, though more abstract. It was ...
... background and any other characteristics which the court considers relevant; Any harm which he or she has suffered or is at ... See residence in English law for disambiguation. In family law, the Court can order a Residence Order of the Family Court under ... If a residence order is granted, this automatically gives him, her, or them parental responsibility for the child(ren) which ... Residence may refer to various parts of English law including taxation, immigration, and family law. This article deals ...
Raymont Lodge is important in demonstrating the principal characteristics of a substantial Federation-style residence. Raymont ... Raymont Lodge is important in demonstrating the principal characteristics of a substantial Federation-style residence. The ... This building, situated on the crest of a rise overlooking Auchenflower, is a large, two-story red brick residence built in the ... This large, two-storey brick residence was built c.1904 to c.1905 for mining entrepreneur William Davies. Davies, who was ...
"Early-Life State-of-Residence Characteristics and Later Life Hypertension, Diabetes, and Ischemic Heart Disease". American ... "Predicting later life health status and mortality using state-level socioeconomic characteristics in early life". SSM - ...
The principal residence was constructed in three stages: the first as the residence of Borthwick, the second as the kitchen ... The place is important in demonstrating the principal characteristics of a particular class of cultural places. The place is ... chimney mantle and fireplace survive in this part of the residence. To the south east of the residence are a number of timber ... Access to the residence at Tarong is via the verandah of either the earliest section or through the wider verandahs of the ...
The first four pages were reserved for detailing the bearer's physical characteristics, occupation and residence. The British ... "Visitor Arrivals to the Philippines by Country of Residence JAN-DEC 2017" (PDF). e-services.tourism.gov.ph. Archived from the ... For both bearer and wife: profession, place and date of birth, country of residence, height, eye and hair colour, special ... "Número de turistas según país de residencia (23984)" [Number of tourists by country of residence]. www.ine.es (in Spanish). " ...
... by Selected Characteristics and Region of Residence - United States, 2018. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2022;71:167-170. DOI: http ... Region of residence. Northeast. 630 (17.5). 25 (4.0). 11.9. 86 (13.7). 21.3. 133 (21.1). 18.9. 383 (60.8). 27.0. 2.3 (1.5-3.4) ... Region of residence. Northeast. 1,460 (14.3). 75 (5.1). 34.3. 169 (11.6). 44.9. 324 (22.2). 52.0. 876 (60.0). 79.0. 2.3 (1.8- ... by selected characteristics - United States, 2018. Characteristic. Total no. (column %). Quartile 1 (lowest vulnerability). ...
Results of search for su:{Residence characteristics.} Refine your search. *. Availability. * Limit to currently available ...
Characteristics of 65 laboratory-confirmed cases of human infection with avian influenza A(H5N6) virus, China* ... Epidemiologic, Clinical, and Genetic Characteristics of Human Infections with Influenza A(H5N6) Viruses, China Wenfei Zhu1, ... Epidemiologic, Clinical, and Genetic Characteristics of Human Infections with Influenza A(H5N6) Viruses, China. ... Residence. Urban 34 (52.3). Rural. 31 (47.7). Fatalities (CFR). 36 (55.4). Poultry exposure. ...
Residences, 2009-2010 - Featured Topics from the National Center for Health Statistics ... and hospital characteristics are associated with ED selection patterns. ... Emergency Department Visits and Proximity to Patients Residences, 2009-2010. Posted on March 19, 2015. by NCHS ... In 2009-2010, visits to emergency departments (EDs) occurred an average 6.8 miles from the patients residence, while the ...
Step 2, Select maternal residence; Step 3, Select other maternal characteristics; Step 4, Select birth characteristics; Step 5 ... Data are available by a variety of demographic characteristics, such as state and county of residence, mothers race, and ... due to updated residence population. Refer to the table below for a list of the affected counties. Mothers county of Residence ... Step 3. Select other maternal characteristics: Limit your data for any of the following data elements: * Marital Status - ...
Demographic-characteristics; Health-surveys; Author Keywords: Cancer screening; Farm; Rural residence; Womens health ... Females interviewed in the 1993 Colorado Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) were divided into residence as ... After controlling for related variables, residence was not associated with the screening practices, with the exception of ... Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted to determine characteristics related to the screening practices. Farm women ...
... demographic characteristics and clinico-pathological presentation of patients in Iraq ... residence; history of lactation, contraceptive pills and/or hormonal therapy; and family history of breast cancer. Data on ... Breast cancer: demographic characteristics and clinico-pathological presentation of patients in Iraq ... Breast cancer: patient characteristics and survival analysis at Salmaniya Medical Complex, Bahrain. Eastern Mediterranean ...
Keywords : Healthcare disparities; Social determinants of health; Mortality; Violence; Residence characteristics; Spatial ...
Categories: Residence Characteristics Image Types: Photo, Illustrations, Video, Color, Black&White, PublicDomain, ...
Residence Characteristics / statistics & numerical data * Sex Distribution * Wounds and Injuries / mortality Grants and funding ...
Characteristics Description Two to six apartments, over 62 years Residence Type Two Story ... Is the information above correct? Please click here to provide updated information for this propertys characteristics. ...
Data cover immigrants demographic, educational, and linguistic characteristics; their top states of residence; enforcement ... MPIs Betsy Cooper and Senior Demographer Elizabeth Grieco map out the characteristics of Canadians in the United States. ... and sociodemographic characteristics. From asylum recognition rates to remittance flows, the Data Hub offers easy access to top ... to humanitarian admission policies and the sociodemographic characteristics of new arrivals. As such, it is important for the ...
Table 1 shows the characteristics of the environment of each residence.. Thumbnail ... Characteristics. Presence of animals. Industrial. · Located in the periphery, 3km from the city; Presence of organic matter in ... Table 1 Characteristics of capture sites, Camapuã , MS, Brazil Neighborhood. ... 2015;8:428. . In Camapuã , chicken coop was present in all residences, with the exception of Pedro Luiz Amorim neighborhood, ...
This report describes maternal characteristics, births, and abortions by the womans county of residence. This is the first in ...
Respondents also provided information about basic socio-demographic characteristics for all household members, including ... including trust in public institutions and level of attachment to the country of residence. ...
National results and by Autonomous Community Characteristics marriages / couples and exposure to pregnancy risk. Women 15-49 ... finished size of municipality of residence duration of the end of 1st marriage or relation. Units:Absolute figures Download ...
A number of residences were also built before 1940.. Home and apartment vacancy rates are 6.3% in East Windsor Hill / Town ... "Match Any Neighborhood" calculates the Match Level of one neighborhood to another using more than 200 characteristics of each ... Many of the residences in the East Windsor Hill / Town Center neighborhood are older, well-established, built between 1940 and ... across the country to define real neighborhoods that are bounded to contain areas with homogeneous population characteristics ( ...
Demographic and clinical characteristics of patients with cardiac arrest occurring in a private residence, by floor of patient ... In this study, survival to hospital discharge after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in private residences was better when the ... Characteristics and prognoses of patients treated by an anaesthesiologist-manned prehospital emergency care unit. A ... CONSORT diagram for flow of patients in a study of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in private residences. ...
The characteristics of workers may be shown using either residence-based or workplace-based geography. If you are interested in ... residence- based) journey-to-work tables. If you are interested in the number and characteristics of workers who work in a ... The population surveyed includes all people who indicated that the United States was their usual place of residence on the ... the number and characteristics of workers living in a specific area, you should use the standard ( ...
Selected characteristics. 3 data comparisons. *Residence 1 year ago. 8 data comparisons ...
Characteristics of Employment Survey. Earnings measures used in the annual Characteristics of Employment (COE) household survey ... greater geographic information about place of usual residence including Statistical Area level 4 under the Australian ... earnings by socio-demographic characteristics;. *earnings by a range of employment characteristics, such as paid leave ... Characteristics of Employment. Economic Activity Survey. Earnings and the distribution of weekly earnings.. Annual business ...
County-level characteristics associated with a physician making house calls included residence in a rural area (OR, 2.54; 95% ... Physician characteristics were obtained from the AMA Physician Masterfile for each year and were linked with the Medicare ... Table 3. Provider and County Characteristics Associated with Making House Calls (HCs) and Being in the Top Decile of Physicians ... In models restricted to house call physicians, no physician characteristic was associated with being a high versus a low house ...
Yellow bats often take up residence in the cracks and corners of homes in Kenya. "These are bats that live with people - they ... Yellow bats vary in size and other characteristics, but they are generally small with soft fur. ...
Many people chose to change their official residence (most often they registered temporary residence in another municipality) ... Data on socioeconomic characteristics of international migrants will be published on 20 December 2022. 20% fewer internal ... Most changes of residence were made by Slovenian citizens (92,000 changes), while foreign citizens recorded 20,000 changes of ... Within Ljubljana 15,679 residents changed their residence at least once, and within Maribor 5,659 residents did so. The SiStat ...
The characteristics they share are linear east-west plans with large, south-facing windows and roof overhangs to block the high ... Keck worked with his brother William in the firm Keck + Keck, designing a number of residences in and around Chicago. Many of ...
  • Data are available by a variety of demographic characteristics, such as state and county of residence, mother's race, and mother's age, and health and medical items. (cdc.gov)
  • And it's designed so that the population of the EIP network is roughly representative of the US population on the basis of demographic characteristics, such as age, gender, race, and urban residence, as well as population density and percent at or below the poverty level. (cdc.gov)
  • This study compared three cancer screening practices (mammography, breast physical examination, and Pap smears) across three residence groups (metropolitan, non-metropolitan, and farms) of Colorado women and described demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of the groups. (cdc.gov)
  • There were important differences between non-metropolitan women and farm women in demographic and socioeconomic characteristics, which influenced screening practices. (cdc.gov)
  • Data on socioeconomic characteristics of international migrants will be published on 20 December 2022. (stat.si)
  • ABSTRACT This article provides an overview of hospital-based rates of caesarean delivery in 18 Arab countries and the association between these rates and selected demographic and socioeconomic characteristics. (who.int)
  • in CS delivery by selected socioeconomic characteristics of respondents. (who.int)
  • Characteristics of mothers included age, marital status, educational level, work status and residence were studied. (scialert.net)
  • Age, marital status, educational level, work status and residence of mothers were predictors of stunting of toddlers in Indonesia. (scialert.net)
  • Using data from the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey, a new NCHS report provides how often patients go to the ED closest to their home, and how differences in geography, patient demographics, and hospital characteristics are associated with ED selection patterns. (cdc.gov)
  • En conséquence, 47 % de ces patients présentaient un stade avancé (III et IV). (who.int)
  • We included all adult patients (≥ 18 yr) with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest of no obvious cause who were treated in private residences. (cmaj.ca)
  • finished size of municipality of residence duration of the end of 1st marriage or relation. (ine.es)
  • Many people chose to change their official residence (most often they registered temporary residence in another municipality) when movement between municipalities was restricted between March and October 2020. (stat.si)
  • Multilevel logistic regression determined associations between physician and area-level characteristics and provision of HCs in 2006. (jabfm.org)
  • Individuals with DS or trisomy 21 develop a clinical syndrome of dementia with clinical and neuropathologic characteristics almost identical to those of AD as described in individuals without DS. (medscape.com)
  • Comparisons of Colorado women's cancer screening practices by residence: metropolitan, non-metropolitan, and farm. (cdc.gov)
  • Females interviewed in the 1993 Colorado Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System ( BRFSS ) were divided into residence as metropolitan or non-metropolitan. (cdc.gov)
  • When non-metropolitan and farm women were combined, there was no association between residence and having had a physical breast examination. (cdc.gov)
  • The most common countries of previous residence for immigrants with Slovenian citizenship were Germany and Austria (22% and 19% respectively), followed by Switzerland, the United Kingdom and Croatia. (stat.si)
  • The high number of immigrants (especially citizens of Slovenia) in 2020 was mostly due to administrative changes in the register in accordance with the Residence Registration Act (OJ RS, No. 52/16). (stat.si)
  • Data were analyzed by sex at birth with stratifications by age group and region of residence ¶ at time of diagnosis to assess differences in HIV diagnosis rates by SVI quartile. (cdc.gov)
  • Profiling means every form of automated processing of personal data in order to provide personal characteristics. (dnb.com)
  • Combining farm residents and non-farm rural residents into a single category designated as rural may obscure differences in preventive care utilization, including cancer screening practices in each group, because of distinctive characteristics of farmers. (cdc.gov)
  • Census tracts are small, relatively permanent subdivisions of a county that are defined by the U.S. Census Bureau in conjunction with local authorities all across the country to define real neighborhoods that are bounded to contain areas with homogeneous population characteristics (including economic status, lifestyle, and living conditions). (neighborhoodscout.com)
  • 5% of Slovenian population changed their settlement of residence at least once. (stat.si)
  • Compared to citizens of Slovenia, foreign citizens are a more mobile population group: one in ten foreign citizens changed the settlement of residence at least once, while among Slovenian citizens one in twenty-three did so. (stat.si)
  • The prevalence of IBD, with 95% confidence intervals, was estimated for the civilian, noninstitutionalized U.S. adult population overall and by various sociodemographic characteristics. (cdc.gov)
  • Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted to determine characteristics related to the screening practices. (cdc.gov)
  • RÉSUMÉ Le cancer du sein est le type de malignité le plus courant en Iraq. (who.int)
  • and (b) include a question for each person enumerated on the form to determine location and type of residence during Census Day. (cdc.gov)
  • The objectives of this study were to (1) assess trends in the numbers of house calls made by physician specialty in 2000, 2003 and 2006 and determine the association between physician and area-level characteristics with (2) the provision of house calls in 2006 and (3) with a physician being in the top decile of house calls made in 2006. (jabfm.org)
  • Results of search for 'su:{Residence characteristics. (who.int)
  • Second, basic demographic and underlying health characteristics of the workers in some industry sectors may have led to an overrepresentation of those sectors. (cdc.gov)
  • National results and by Autonomous Community Characteristics marriages / couples and exposure to pregnancy risk. (ine.es)
  • no territories) of mother's legal residence at the time of birth. (cdc.gov)
  • This study determines the number and distribution of HCs by physician specialty over time and analyzes associations of providing HCs with physician and area-level characteristics. (jabfm.org)
  • Urbanization and Metro/Nonmetro categories are also available for mother's county of residence, in the classifications for 2006 and 2013. (cdc.gov)
  • The present study analyzed characteristics of mothers as predictors of stunting in children under 5 years-old in Indonesia. (scialert.net)
  • RRs with 95% CIs were calculated comparing communities with the lowest SVI scores (Quartile 1) to those with the highest scores (Quartile 4) by sex at birth for age group and region of residence. (cdc.gov)
  • Yellow bats vary in size and other characteristics, but they are generally small with soft fur. (earth.com)
  • Please click here to provide updated information for this property's characteristics. (cookcountyassessor.com)
  • Within Ljubljana 15,679 residents changed their residence at least once, and within Maribor 5,659 residents did so. (stat.si)
  • Most changes of residence were made by Slovenian citizens (92,000 changes), while foreign citizens recorded 20,000 changes of residence. (stat.si)