The longest and largest bone of the skeleton, it is situated between the hip and the knee.
Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)
Fractures of the femur.
The constricted portion of the thigh bone between the femur head and the trochanters.
The hemispheric articular surface at the upper extremity of the thigh bone. (Stedman, 26th ed)
Financial support of research activities.
A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.
The moral obligations governing the conduct of research. Used for discussions of research ethics as a general topic.
Those individuals engaged in research.
Research carried out by nurses, generally in clinical settings, in the areas of clinical practice, evaluation, nursing education, nursing administration, and methodology.
The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
The application of discoveries generated by laboratory research and preclinical studies to the development of clinical trials and studies in humans. A second area of translational research concerns enhancing the adoption of best practices.
Fractures of the short, constricted portion of the thigh bone between the femur head and the trochanters. It excludes intertrochanteric fractures which are HIP FRACTURES.
The shaft of long bones.
Research into the cause, transmission, amelioration, elimination, or enhancement of inherited disorders and traits.
The amount of mineral per square centimeter of BONE. This is the definition used in clinical practice. Actual bone density would be expressed in grams per milliliter. It is most frequently measured by X-RAY ABSORPTIOMETRY or TOMOGRAPHY, X RAY COMPUTED. Bone density is an important predictor for OSTEOPOROSIS.
The second longest bone of the skeleton. It is located on the medial side of the lower leg, articulating with the FIBULA laterally, the TALUS distally, and the FEMUR proximally.
The use of nails that are inserted into bone cavities in order to keep fractured bones together.
Research carried out by nurses in the clinical setting and designed to provide information that will help improve patient care. Other professional staff may also participate in the research.
A specialized CONNECTIVE TISSUE that is the main constituent of the SKELETON. The principle cellular component of bone is comprised of OSTEOBLASTS; OSTEOCYTES; and OSTEOCLASTS, while FIBRILLAR COLLAGENS and hydroxyapatite crystals form the BONE MATRIX.
The study of laws, theories, and hypotheses through a systematic examination of pertinent facts and their interpretation in the field of dentistry. (From Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982, p674)
Collaborative process of research involving researchers and community representatives.
Research that involves the application of the behavioral and social sciences to the study of the actions or reactions of persons or animals in response to external or internal stimuli. (from American Heritage Dictionary, 4th ed)
Rods of bone, metal, or other material used for fixation of the fragments or ends of fractured bones.
Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)
The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.
The physiological restoration of bone tissue and function after a fracture. It includes BONY CALLUS formation and normal replacement of bone tissue.
Aseptic or avascular necrosis of the femoral head. The major types are idiopathic (primary), as a complication of fractures or dislocations, and LEGG-CALVE-PERTHES DISEASE.
The use of humans as investigational subjects.
Bone in humans and primates extending from the SHOULDER JOINT to the ELBOW JOINT.
Fractures of the FEMUR HEAD; the FEMUR NECK; (FEMORAL NECK FRACTURES); the trochanters; or the inter- or subtrochanteric region. Excludes fractures of the acetabulum and fractures of the femoral shaft below the subtrochanteric region (FEMORAL FRACTURES).
The use of internal devices (metal plates, nails, rods, etc.) to hold the position of a fracture in proper alignment.
The physical state of supporting an applied load. This often refers to the weight-bearing bones or joints that support the body's weight, especially those in the spine, hip, knee, and foot.
Replacement for a hip joint.
Reduction of bone mass without alteration in the composition of bone, leading to fractures. Primary osteoporosis can be of two major types: postmenopausal osteoporosis (OSTEOPOROSIS, POSTMENOPAUSAL) and age-related or senile osteoporosis.
A synovial hinge connection formed between the bones of the FEMUR; TIBIA; and PATELLA.
Fractures around joint replacement prosthetics or implants. They can occur intraoperatively or postoperatively.
Fractures occurring as a result of disease of a bone or from some undiscoverable cause, and not due to trauma. (Dorland, 27th ed)
The continuous turnover of BONE MATRIX and mineral that involves first an increase in BONE RESORPTION (osteoclastic activity) and later, reactive BONE FORMATION (osteoblastic activity). The process of bone remodeling takes place in the adult skeleton at discrete foci. The process ensures the mechanical integrity of the skeleton throughout life and plays an important role in calcium HOMEOSTASIS. An imbalance in the regulation of bone remodeling's two contrasting events, bone resorption and bone formation, results in many of the metabolic bone diseases, such as OSTEOPOROSIS.
A noninvasive method for assessing BODY COMPOSITION. It is based on the differential absorption of X-RAYS (or GAMMA RAYS) by different tissues such as bone, fat and other soft tissues. The source of (X-ray or gamma-ray) photon beam is generated either from radioisotopes such as GADOLINIUM 153, IODINE 125, or Americanium 241 which emit GAMMA RAYS in the appropriate range; or from an X-ray tube which produces X-RAYS in the desired range. It is primarily used for quantitating BONE MINERAL CONTENT, especially for the diagnosis of OSTEOPOROSIS, and also in measuring BONE MINERALIZATION.
Implantable fracture fixation devices attached to bone fragments with screws to bridge the fracture gap and shield the fracture site from stress as bone heals. (UMDNS, 1999)
The use of metallic devices inserted into or through bone to hold a fracture in a set position and alignment while it heals.
The joint that is formed by the articulation of the head of FEMUR and the ACETABULUM of the PELVIS.
The head of a long bone that is separated from the shaft by the epiphyseal plate until bone growth stops. At that time, the plate disappears and the head and shaft are united.
A condition in which one of a pair of legs fails to grow as long as the other, which could result from injury or surgery.
Organizations representing specialized fields which are accepted as authoritative; may be non-governmental, university or an independent research organization, e.g., National Academy of Sciences, Brookings Institution, etc.
Voluntary authorization, by a patient or research subject, with full comprehension of the risks involved, for diagnostic or investigative procedures, and for medical and surgical treatment.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
The growth and development of bones from fetus to adult. It includes two principal mechanisms of bone growth: growth in length of long bones at the epiphyseal cartilages and growth in thickness by depositing new bone (OSTEOGENESIS) with the actions of OSTEOBLASTS and OSTEOCLASTS.
The study, based on direct observation, use of statistical records, interviews, or experimental methods, of actual practices or the actual impact of practices or policies.
Replacement of the hip joint.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Experimentation on, or using the organs or tissues from, a human or other mammalian conceptus during the prenatal stage of development that is characterized by rapid morphological changes and the differentiation of basic structures. In humans, this includes the period from the time of fertilization to the end of the eighth week after fertilization.
An operating division of the US Department of Health and Human Services. It is concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to health and medical research. Until 1995, it was an agency of the United States PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE.
The surgical cutting of a bone. (Dorland, 28th ed)
A dead body, usually a human body.
The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)
Increase in the longest dimension of a bone to correct anatomical deficiencies, congenital, traumatic, or as a result of disease. The lengthening is not restricted to long bones. The usual surgical methods are internal fixation and distraction.
The bony deposit formed between and around the broken ends of BONE FRACTURES during normal healing.
The grafting of bone from a donor site to a recipient site.
Detailed account or statement or formal record of data resulting from empirical inquiry.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Experimentation on STEM CELLS and on the use of stem cells.
X-RAY COMPUTERIZED TOMOGRAPHY with resolution in the micrometer range.
Works about pre-planned studies of the safety, efficacy, or optimum dosage schedule (if appropriate) of one or more diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques selected according to predetermined criteria of eligibility and observed for predefined evidence of favorable and unfavorable effects. This concept includes clinical trials conducted both in the U.S. and in other countries.
Tumors or cancer located in bone tissue or specific BONES.
Adhesives used to fix prosthetic devices to bones and to cement bone to bone in difficult fractures. Synthetic resins are commonly used as cements. A mixture of monocalcium phosphate, monohydrate, alpha-tricalcium phosphate, and calcium carbonate with a sodium phosphate solution is also a useful bone paste.
The pull on a limb or a part thereof. Skin traction (indirect traction) is applied by using a bandage to pull on the skin and fascia where light traction is required. Skeletal traction (direct traction), however, uses pins or wires inserted through bone and is attached to weights, pulleys, and ropes. (From Blauvelt & Nelson, A Manual of Orthopaedic Terminology, 5th ed)
The plan and delineation of prostheses in general or a specific prosthesis.
A fracture in which union fails to occur, the ends of the bone becoming rounded and eburnated, and a false joint occurs. (Stedman, 25th ed)
A group of techniques developed to apply scientific methods and tools to solve the problems of DECISION MAKING in complex organizations and systems. Operations research searches for optimal solutions in situations of conflicting GOALS and makes use of mathematical models from which solutions for actual problems may be derived. (From Psychiatric Dictionary, 6th ed)
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
"The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.
The maximum compression a material can withstand without failure. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed, p427)
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
A purely physical condition which exists within any material because of strain or deformation by external forces or by non-uniform thermal expansion; expressed quantitatively in units of force per unit area.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
External devices which hold wires or pins that are placed through one or both cortices of bone in order to hold the position of a fracture in proper alignment. These devices allow easy access to wounds, adjustment during the course of healing, and more functional use of the limbs involved.
A computer based method of simulating or analyzing the behavior of structures or components.
The projecting part on each side of the body, formed by the side of the pelvis and the top portion of the femur.
Process by which organic tissue becomes hardened by the physiologic deposit of calcium salts.
A fracture in which the bone is splintered or crushed. (Dorland, 27th ed)
An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE established in 1990 to "provide indexing, abstracting, translating, publishing, and other services leading to a more effective and timely dissemination of information on research, demonstration projects, and evaluations with respect to health care to public and private entities and individuals engaged in the improvement of health care delivery..." It supersedes the National Center for Health Services Research. The United States Agency for Health Care Policy and Research was renamed Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) under the Healthcare Research and Quality Act of 1999.
The circulation or wide dispersal of information.
Interaction between research personnel and research subjects.
The use of statistical methods in the analysis of a body of literature to reveal the historical development of subject fields and patterns of authorship, publication, and use. Formerly called statistical bibliography. (from The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
The process of bone formation. Histogenesis of bone including ossification.
Malfunction of implantation shunts, valves, etc., and prosthesis loosening, migration, and breaking.
The distance and direction to which a bone joint can be extended. Range of motion is a function of the condition of the joints, muscles, and connective tissues involved. Joint flexibility can be improved through appropriate MUSCLE STRETCHING EXERCISES.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
The growth action of bone tissue as it assimilates surgically implanted devices or prostheses to be used as either replacement parts (e.g., hip) or as anchors (e.g., endosseous dental implants).
Facilities that collect, store, and distribute tissues, e.g., cell lines, microorganisms, blood, sperm, milk, breast tissue, for use by others. Other uses may include transplantation and comparison of diseased tissues in the identification of cancer.
The use of animals as investigational subjects.
Specialized devices used in ORTHOPEDIC SURGERY to repair bone fractures.
Copies of a work or document distributed to the public by sale, rental, lease, or lending. (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p181)
Educational institutions providing facilities for teaching and research and authorized to grant academic degrees.
The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.
Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.
Human experimentation that is not intended to benefit the subjects on whom it is performed. Phase I drug studies (CLINICAL TRIALS, PHASE I AS TOPIC) and research involving healthy volunteers are examples of nontherapeutic human experimentation.
Breaks in bones.
The visualization of tissues during pregnancy through recording of the echoes of ultrasonic waves directed into the body. The procedure may be applied with reference to the mother or the fetus and with reference to organs or the detection of maternal or fetal disease.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
A twisting deformation of a solid body about an axis. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
A repeat operation for the same condition in the same patient due to disease progression or recurrence, or as followup to failed previous surgery.
The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
Criteria and standards used for the determination of the appropriateness of the inclusion of patients with specific conditions in proposed treatment plans and the criteria used for the inclusion of subjects in various clinical trials and other research protocols.
A nonhormonal medication for the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis in women. This drug builds healthy bone, restoring some of the bone loss as a result of osteoporosis.
The use of statistical and mathematical methods to analyze biological observations and phenomena.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Bone loss due to osteoclastic activity.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Community or individual involvement in the decision-making process.
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
The joining of objects by means of a cement (e.g., in fracture fixation, such as in hip arthroplasty for joining of the acetabular component to the femoral component). In dentistry, it is used for the process of attaching parts of a tooth or restorative material to a natural tooth or for the attaching of orthodontic bands to teeth by means of an adhesive.
The surgical removal of one or both ovaries.
One of a pair of irregularly shaped quadrilateral bones situated between the FRONTAL BONE and OCCIPITAL BONE, which together form the sides of the CRANIUM.
The bones of the free part of the lower extremity in humans and of any of the four extremities in animals. It includes the FEMUR; PATELLA; TIBIA; and FIBULA.
The maximum stress a material subjected to a stretching load can withstand without tearing. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed, p2001)
The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.
Communication, in the sense of cross-fertilization of ideas, involving two or more academic disciplines (such as the disciplines that comprise the cross-disciplinary field of bioethics, including the health and biological sciences, the humanities, and the social sciences and law). Also includes problems in communication stemming from differences in patterns of language usage in different academic or medical disciplines.
Procedures used to treat and correct deformities, diseases, and injuries to the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM, its articulations, and associated structures.
Conferences, conventions or formal meetings usually attended by delegates representing a special field of interest.
The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).
The form and structure of analytic studies in epidemiologic and clinical research.
A bone fixation technique using an external fixator (FIXATORS, EXTERNAL) for lengthening limbs, correcting pseudarthroses and other deformities, and assisting the healing of otherwise hopeless traumatic or pathological fractures and infections, such as chronic osteomyelitis. The method was devised by the Russian orthopedic surgeon Gavriil Abramovich Ilizarov (1921-1992). (From Bull Hosp Jt Dis 1992 Summer;52(1):1)
Fractures in which the break in bone is not accompanied by an external wound.
A situation in which an individual might benefit personally from official or professional actions. It includes a conflict between a person's private interests and official responsibilities in a position of trust. The term is not restricted to government officials. The concept refers both to actual conflict of interest and the appearance or perception of conflict.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The middle third of a human PREGNANCY, from the beginning of the 15th through the 28th completed week (99 to 196 days) of gestation.
Diseases of BONES.
The privacy of information and its protection against unauthorized disclosure.
Displacement of bones out of line in relation to joints. It may be congenital or traumatic in origin.
Artificial substitutes for body parts, and materials inserted into tissue for functional, cosmetic, or therapeutic purposes. Prostheses can be functional, as in the case of artificial arms and legs, or cosmetic, as in the case of an artificial eye. Implants, all surgically inserted or grafted into the body, tend to be used therapeutically. IMPLANTS, EXPERIMENTAL is available for those used experimentally.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
The interactions between members of a community and representatives of the institutions within that community.
Three-dimensional representation to show anatomic structures. Models may be used in place of intact animals or organisms for teaching, practice, and study.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
Morphological and physiological development of FETUSES.
VERTEBRAE in the region of the lower BACK below the THORACIC VERTEBRAE and above the SACRAL VERTEBRAE.
Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.
The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.
Vitamin K-dependent calcium-binding protein synthesized by OSTEOBLASTS and found primarily in BONES. Serum osteocalcin measurements provide a noninvasive specific marker of bone metabolism. The protein contains three residues of the amino acid gamma-carboxyglutamic acid (Gla), which, in the presence of CALCIUM, promotes binding to HYDROXYAPATITE and subsequent accumulation in BONE MATRIX.
The area between the EPIPHYSIS and the DIAPHYSIS within which bone growth occurs.
Metabolic disorder associated with fractures of the femoral neck, vertebrae, and distal forearm. It occurs commonly in women within 15-20 years after menopause, and is caused by factors associated with menopause including estrogen deficiency.
Thin outer membrane that surrounds a bone. It contains CONNECTIVE TISSUE, CAPILLARIES, nerves, and a number of cell types.
A protective layer of firm, flexible cartilage over the articulating ends of bones. It provides a smooth surface for joint movement, protecting the ends of long bones from wear at points of contact.
Human experimentation that is intended to benefit the subjects on whom it is performed.
Replacement of the knee joint.
Fractures due to the strain caused by repetitive exercise. They are thought to arise from a combination of MUSCLE FATIGUE and bone failure, and occur in situations where BONE REMODELING predominates over repair. The most common sites of stress fractures are the METATARSUS; FIBULA; TIBIA; and FEMORAL NECK.
Renewal or repair of lost bone tissue. It excludes BONY CALLUS formed after BONE FRACTURES but not yet replaced by hard bone.
Replacement for a knee joint.
Kinast, C; Bolhofner, BR; Mast, JW; Ganz, R (1989). "Subtrochanteric fractures of the femur. Results of treatment with the 95 ... The Hartshill rectangle". Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research (203): 135-40. doi:10.1097/00003086-198602000-00016. PMID ... Austin-Moore prosthesis for fracture of the neck of femur Baksi's prosthesis for elbow replacement Charnley prosthesis for ... Chan, RN; Hoskinson, J (1975). "Thompson prosthesis for fractured neck of femur. A comparison of surgical approaches". The ...
paleontology portal List of plesiosaur genera Timeline of plesiosaur research Ellis, Richard (2003). Sea Dragons: Predators of ... "three tipped femur". Below is a cladogram of polycotylid relationships from Ketchum & Benson, 2011. ...
Warburg pursued his research until the age of 86. In 1968, he suffered a broken femur. This was complicated by deep vein ... Weisz, G. M. (2015). "suffered a broken femur, complicated by deep vein thrombosis, and in 1970, Otto Heinrich Warburg died ... The prize honors and encourages pioneering achievements in fundamental biochemical and molecular biological research. The Otto ... where he conducted research. In later years, he would return for visits, and maintained a lifelong friendship with the family ...
An automated method to segment the femur for osteoarthritis research. IEEE. doi:10.1109/iembs.2009.5333257. PMC 2826829. ...
Dinosaurs portal Timeline of hadrosaur research Shilin, F.V., and Suslov, Y.V. (1982). A hadrosaur from the northeastern Aral ... The femur was uninformative. It was regarded as an indeterminate hadrosaurid in the most recent review. Diagnostic hadrosauroid ... with the lower end of a left femur (AAIZ 1/2) possibly referable. Both were found at Akkurgan-Boltyk near Qyzylorda. This is ... Scientific Research Institute of the Earth's Crust. St. Petersburg State University:St. Petersburg, Russia, 156 pp. + 14 pl. [ ...
A research facility was also added in 1995. Additionally, the Arizona Museum of Natural History has prominent research curators ... As sauropods they have a Camarasaurus skeleton and an Apatosaurus femur. As ceratopsians they have a Psittacosaurus skeleton, a ... The Anthropology Section of the Arizona Museum of Natural History conducts research and develops exhibitions on Native American ... The Natural History Section explores, excavates, records, prepares, conserves, and researches the fossil resources in the ...
Timeline of ceratopsian research Holtz, Thomas R. Jr. (2011) Dinosaurs: The Most Complete, Up-to-Date Encyclopedia for Dinosaur ... The preserved rump and tail have a combined length of just 97 centimetres; the femur is fourteen centimetres long. The species ...
Additionally, the left femur is missing, as is part of one cervical. The specimen is catalogued as IVPP V18578, being stored in ... It was described by Chun Li, Nicholas Fraser, Olivier Rieppel, Li-Jun Zhao, and Li-Ting Wang in a 2017 research paper published ... The humerus is longer than the ulna and radius, while the tibia and fibula are conversely slightly longer than the femur. An ...
Despite much research, the causes remain unclear but include repetitive physical trauma, ischemia (restriction of blood flow), ... Sagittal MRI: Linear low T1 signal at the articular surfaces of the lateral aspects of the medial condyle of the femur confirms ... ISBN 978-0-8016-0026-5. Obedian RS, Grelsamer RP (January 1997). "Osteochondritis dissecans of the distal femur and patella". ... Lindén B (December 1976). "The incidence of osteochondritis dissecans in the condyles of the femur". Acta Orthopaedica ...
"Trip to Mars Will Challenge Bones, Muscles: Former Astronaut calls for More NASA Research on Exercise in Space". American ... "Different approaches of remodeling of bone to predict bone density distribution of proximal femur". Archived from the original ...
Through her research into Florio, Yates had become intrigued by one of his associates, Giordano Bruno. She translated Bruno's ... Shortly after, she fell over at home, and was hospitalised with a cracked femur. She recovered and returned home, where she ... She began to publish her research in scholarly journals and academic books, focusing on 16th century theatre and the life of ... She also lectured on the subjects of her research at various different universities across Britain; during the 1950s she ...
"Osseointegration into a novel titanium foam implant in the distal femur of a rabbit". Journal of Biomedical Materials Research ... However, more recent research has indicated that smaller pore sizes equate to higher compressive strength. As pore sizes reach ... Today, research is heavily focused on improving the success rate of integration and uses an understanding of the natural ... In addition to indentation resistance, research has shown that auxetic foams offer better absorption of sound and vibration, ...
... an inward-slanting top third of the femur, and an extremely ovoid femur shaft. Those features are useful when attempting to ... However, research published in 2015 speculated that the size estimates of A. fragillimus may have been highly exaggerated. The ... The weight of Amphicoelias fragillimus was estimated at 122.4 metric tons but 2015 research argued that these estimates may ... Taylor, M.P. (2010). "Sauropod dinosaur research: a historical review". In Richard Moody, Eric Buffetaut, David M. Martill and ...
The tibia is more developed than the fibula, and they are 94% of the length of the femur. Taking all the bones into account, ... Cretaceous Research 25(4): 603-622. Nash, Diane. "A Crocodile from the Upper Triassic of Lesotho." Journal of Zoology. ... Although some of the phalanges are missing, it is believed that the phalanges formula is 2, 3, 4, 5, 3, 3. The femur is thought ... Unlike modern crocodiles, Orthosuchus does not creep on its belly; it probably walks at a high position with its femur vertical ...
Further research into myostatin and the myostatin gene may lead to therapies for muscular dystrophy. The idea is to introduce ... Hamrick MW (May 2003). "Increased bone mineral density in the femora of GDF8 knockout mice". The Anatomical Record Part A: ... Genome Research. 7 (9): 910-16. doi:10.1101/gr.7.9.910. PMID 9314496. Clop A, Marcq F, Takeda H, Pirottin D, Tordoir X, Bibé B ... of their femurs as compared to the other mice with osteogenesis imperfecta, showing the positive effects of decreased myostatin ...
Joyce, D. J. (2006). "Chronology and new research on the Schaefer mammoth (?Mammuthus primigenius) site, Kenosha County, ... "Proteomic analysis of a Pleistocene mammoth femur reveals more than one hundred ancient bone proteins". Journal of Proteome ... Quaternary Research. 70 (1): 51-59. Bibcode:2008QuRes..70...51V. doi:10.1016/j.yqres.2008.03.005. S2CID 111383180. Den Ouden, N ... Geophysical Research Letters. 37 (15): L15703. Bibcode:2010GeoRL..3715703D. doi:10.1029/2010GL043985. Lister, 2007. pp. 45-75 ...
2019). A femur of a very large specimen of "Struthio" dmanisensis is described from the Early Pleistocene of the Crimean ... 93: 275-284". Cretaceous Research. in press: 104152. doi:10.1016/j.cretres.2019.05.010. Rebecca J. Lakin; Nicholas R. Longrich ... A femur of an early juvenile hadrosaurid, probably belonging to the species Edmontosaurus annectens, is described from the Hell ... 2019). A dinosauriform femur, possibly of a juvenile specimen of the species Pampadromaeus barberenai, is described from the ...
A femur (thigh bone) was found at the site, but was too fragmented to collect. Agustinia ligabuei was well known for its ... However, subsequent research has challenged the nature of these osteoderms. Further study of the poorly preserved fossil ...
There are no plans for further excavation or research on the site, which is managed by Aboriginal Affairs Victoria. Lake Mungo ... The cranium and the few fragments of femur were heavily encrusted with carbonate when recovered. The cranium was initially ... considered large and robust but recent research comparing Keilor to a range of terminal Pleistocene and recent Australian ...
In 2012, the first extended fossil bone proteome from a Pleistocene mammoth femur was confidently retrieved and identified, ... Journal of Proteome Research. 11 (2): 917-926. doi:10.1021/pr200721u. ISSN 1535-3893. PMID 22103443. Giuffrida, Maria Gabriella ... Journal of Proteome Research. 8 (9): 4328-4332. doi:10.1021/pr900349r. ISSN 1535-3893. PMC 2738754. PMID 19603827. Manning, ... strengthening the future of paleoproteomics research. The analysis of ancient bone proteomes has primarily focused on the ...
Timeline of oviraptorosaur research Q. Ji, J.-c. Lü, X.-f. Wei and X.-r. Wang. 2012. A new oviraptorosaur from the Yixian ... The arms were short, with longer upper arms (humeri) than lower arms (ulna). The legs were long, and the upper leg (femur) was ...
In research conducted by W.V. King in 1916, it was discovered that Anopheles female mosquitoes are carriers of Malaria. In A. ... The legs are dark with white patched in the femora and tibiae. Their wings, on average, are 4.0 millimeters in length and will ...
Zhang, LD; Kang, JF; Xue, HL (July 1990). "Distribution of lesions in the head and neck of the humerus and the femur in ... British Medical Research Council Decompression Sickness Central Registry and Radiological Panel (1981). "Aseptic bone necrosis ... in the lower end of the femur (lower thigh at the knee) and 15% in the upper tibia (knee below the knee cap). Worsening of the ... Dysbaric osteonecrosis lesions are typically bilateral and usually occur at both ends of the femur and at the proximal end of ...
Zhu L, Chuanchang D, Wei L, Yilin C, Jiasheng D (March 2010). "Enhanced healing of goat femur-defect using BMP7 gene-modified ... Journal of Bone and Mineral Research. 24 (10): 1719-27. doi:10.1359/jbmr.090501. PMC 2743282. PMID 19453255. Garriock HA, Kraft ... Journal of Bone and Mineral Research. 24 (12): 2039-49. doi:10.1359/jbmr.090524. PMC 2791518. PMID 19453261. Dudas PL, ... Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research. 467 (12): 3071-8. doi:10.1007/s11999-009-0981-9. PMC 2772945. PMID 19597895. ...
There are two bones that make up the hip joint and create an articulation between the femur and pelvis. This articulation ... There has been limited research on the prevalence of FAI among a general population according to a literature review by Algarni ... FAI is characterized by abnormal contact between the proximal femur and rim of the acetabulum (hip socket). In most cases, ... Radiology Research and Practice. 2016: 1-15. doi:10.1155/2016/6369237. ISSN 2090-1941. PMC 4738697. PMID 26885391. Fa, Liangguo ...
In order to produce BMDMs, mesenchymal stem cells are removed from the tibia or femur of mice. Since BMDMs are derived from ... Bone-marrow-derived macrophage (BMDM) refers to macrophage cells that are generated in a research laboratory from mammalian ... Cytokine Research. 39 (6): 375-382. doi:10.1089/jir.2018.0167. ISSN 1557-7465. PMID 30990360. Weischenfeldt J, Porse B ( ... Lymphokine Research. 6 (2): 127-139. ISSN 0277-6766. PMID 3035291. Oppong-Nonterah, Gertrude O.; Lakhdari, Omar; Yamamura, ...
More recent research has examined the possibility that it may also have value for other conditions such as cerebral palsy and ... Zhang LD, Kang JF, Xue HL (July 1990). "Distribution of lesions in the head and neck of the humerus and the femur in dysbaric ... Research found evidence that HBOT improves local tumour control, mortality, and local tumour recurrence for cancers of the head ... More research is necessary to confirm the effectiveness of hyperbaric oxygen therapy for treating migraines. Patients who are ...
However, it is now thought to be a basal coelurosaur based on several features present on the femur. Santanaraptor was ... published by Rafael Delcourt's twitter account Dinosaurs portal Timeline of tyrannosaur research Kellner, A. W. A. (1996). ... The holotype (MN 4802-V) is a juvenile partial skeleton consisting of three caudal vertebrae with chevrons, ischia, femora, ...
The right femur is about 33 centimetres long and has a thick shaft. It belonged to an adult or at least subadult individual, ... Timeline of ankylosaur research H.G. Seeley, 1869, Index to the Fossil Remains of Aves, Ornithosauria, and Reptilia from the ... The femur was found by the geologist Lucas Ewbank and donated by him to the Woodwardian Museum at Cambridge in 1869. ... Cryptosaurus (meaning "hidden lizard") is a dubious genus of dinosaur known from a partial femur from the Late Jurassic of ...
Further research on age determination methods for tuatara is required, as tuatara have lifespans much longer than 35 years. One ... Using microscopic inspection, hematoxylinophilic rings can be identified and counted in both the phalanges and the femur. ... Paleontological research on rhynchocephalians indicates that the group has undergone a variety of changes throughout the ... The Victoria University of Wellington maintains a research programme into the captive breeding of tuatara, and the Pukaha / ...
Research into the rough-skinned newt and the garter snake shows this is a typical case of co-evolution. Where they live in the ... They have a spine, rib cage, long bones such as the humerus and femur. They also have short bones such as the phalanges, ...
Usually the hip (head of the femur), lower back (lumbar spine), or heel (calcaneum) are imaged, and the bone density (amount of ... A number of other sources of X-ray photons are possible, and may be used in industrial radiography or research; these include ...
Research shows that heels draw attention to long legs and small feet. Some argue that "high-heeled shoes, perhaps more than any ... The patellofemoral joint refers to junction where the femur and patella meet. The study consisted of eleven participants ... Furthermore, research indicates that heels kept arrow-shooting riders, who stood up on galloping horses, safely on the horse.[2 ... Further research reveals that another possible consequence of wearing high heels is an increase of pressure in one's veins. ...
The paired fins had bones distinctly homologous to the humerus, ulna, and radius in the fore-fins and to the femur, tibia, and ... "Research project: The Mid-Palaeozoic biotic crisis: Setting the trajectory of Tetrapod evolution". Archived from the original ... analogous to the humerus or femur), two bones in the next segment (forearm or lower leg), and an irregular subdivision of the ... providing a surface of articulation for the femur. ...
In regard to the femur, traditionally comparisons with AL 288-1 have been used to reconstruct stout legs for H. habilis, but ... Research history[edit]. Louis Leakey examining P. boisei (right) and H. habilis (left) ... the humerus to femur ratio of OH 62 and the A. afarensis specimen AL 288-1 are both within the range of variation for modern ... the more gracile OH 24 femur (either belonging to H. ergaster / H. erectus or P. boisei) may be a more apt comparison. In this ...
a b c d Raemer, D., Anderson, M., Cheng, A., Fanning, R., Nadkarni, V. & Savoldelli, G. (2011). Research Regarding Debriefing ... FemoraLineMan™. *PICCLineMan™. Surgical ScienceEdit. *LapSim® (Laparoscopy). *EndoSim® (Colonoscopy, Gastroscopy, Bronchoscopy) ... Research regarding healthcare simulation has advanced and proliferated in the past decade. There exists an entire academic ... in their critical review of simulation-based medical education research.[5] In 2012 the SSH piloted two new certifications to ...
Dia mengamati seorang tentara dibiarkan selama beberapa hari di medan perang yang berkelanjutan patah tulang senyawa femur dan ... Jones, Gemma; Wall, Richard (2008). "Maggot-therapy in veterinary medicine". Research in Veterinary Science 85 (2): 394-8. doi: ... Kasus ini terjadi pada saat angka kematian untuk patah tulang senyawa femur adalah sekitar 75-80%. ... Parasitology Research Monographs. pp. 301-23. doi:10.1007/978-3-642-19382-8_13. ISBN 978-3-642-19381-1. ...
Assistant Secretary of the Navy for Research, Development and Acquisition; Senator Bob Kerrey; as well as his Commanding ... an MP-5 but was unable to move from his chair due to a crushed vertebra in his back and a compound fracture of his left femur. ...
Fairtile, Linda Beard (1999). Giacomo Puccini: A Guide to Research. Psychology Press. ISBN 0-8153-2033-7.. ... Puccini's chauffeur, also thrown from the car, suffered a serious fracture of his femur. Puccini was pinned under the vehicle, ...
HighBeam™ Research, Inc. 2004. Retrieved 24 November 2014.. *^ a b Weller, Carl Vernon (1921). "Rudolf Virchow--Pathologist". ... Although he anticipated full recovery, the fractured femur never healed, and restricted his physical activity. His health ... "Clinical Medicine & Research. 8 (3-4): 168-172. doi:10.3121/cmr.2009.866. PMC 3006583. PMID 20739582.. ... Related to this research, Virchow described the factors contributing to venous thrombosis, Virchow's triad.[22][58] ...
It was the findings in 1991, describing the first olfactory receptors that helped to prompt the research into taste. The ...
Each true leg has seven segments: coxa, trochanter, femur, patella, tibia, metatarsus, and tarsus.[11][12] ... "IAAF (International Association of Athletics Federations) Biomechanical Research Project: Berlin 2009" (PDF). Archived from the ...
A review of outcomes research". Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews. 18 (1): 84-94. doi:10.1002/ddrr.1131. PMID ... Besides, torsional deformities of long bones such as the femur and tibia are encountered among others.[11][23] Children may ... "Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development. 47 (9): 863-67. doi:10.1682/jrrd.2010.03.0024. PMC 3158669. PMID 21174251.. ... "Cerebral Palsy: Hope Through Research". National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. July 2013. Archived from the ...
"Caries Research. 28 (4): 251-256. doi:10.1159/000261977. PMID 8069881.. *^ a b Honkala S, Runnel R, Saag M, Olak J, Nõmmela R, ... 2011). "The effects of oral xylitol administration on bone density in rat femur". Odontology. 99: 28-33. doi:10.1007/s10266-010 ...
Further research identified the giant Chicxulub crater, buried under Chicxulub on the coast of Yucatán, as the source of the K- ... Pollen samples recovered near a fossilized hadrosaur femur recovered in the Ojo Alamo Sandstone at the San Juan River in ... Current research cannot ascertain, however, whether the extinctions occurred prior to, or during, the boundary interval.[43][44 ... The occurrence of planktonic foraminifera across the K-Pg boundary has been studied since the 1930s.[37] Research spurred by ...
Research, World Cancer Research Fund ; American Institute for Cancer (2007). Food, nutrition, physical activity, and the ... Spread of cancer into other bones such as the femur is usually to the proximal or nearby part of the bone. Prostate cancer in ... "Cancer Research. 54 (6): 1566-73. PMID 7511045.. *^ Umekita Y, Hiipakka RA, Kokontis JM, Liao S (October 1996). "Human prostate ... "Cancer Research. 61 (9): 3550-5. PMID 11325816.. *^ Ford OH, Gregory CW, Kim D, Smitherman AB, Mohler JL (November 2003). " ...
When not flying, bats hang upside down from their feet, a posture known as roosting.[59] The femurs are attached at the hips in ... Natural Science Research Laboratory - Texas Tech. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 December 2017. Retrieved 14 December ... U.S. Department of Agriculture, U.S. Forest Service, Northern Research Station. pp. 1-5.. ... Springer Handbook of Auditory Research. Springer. ISBN 978-1-4612-6828-4. .. ...
Research on flightless rails indicates the flightless condition evolved in the absence of predators.[32] This shows flight to ... Their legs are stronger and do not have air chambers, except the femurs. Their tail and flight feathers have retrogressed or ... Recent research has indicated that ratites are a paraphyletic group; tinamous fall within them, and are the sister group of the ... "Moa's Ark or volant ghosts of Gondwana? Insights from nineteen years of ancient DNA research on the extinct moa (Aves: ...
Timeline of oviraptorosaur research. References[edit]. *^ Ji Qiang, Lü Jun-Chang, Wei Xue-Fang, Wang Xu-Ri (2012). "A new ... The tibia is 15%-25% longer than the femur. The tail is short, with the number of vertebrae reduced to 24 or so, and proximally ... Cretaceous Research. 32 (4): 464-471. doi:10.1016/j.cretres.2011.03.001.. ...
The ACL originates from deep within the notch of the distal femur. Its proximal fibers fan out along the medial wall of the ... However, the study points to the need for more extensive research, was limited to outcomes after two years and did not involve ... ACL injuries in children are a challenge because children have open growth plates in the bottom of the femur or thigh bone and ... These attachments allow the ACL to resist anterior translation and medial rotation of the tibia, in relation to the femur. An ...
WAHO also researched the purity question in general, and its findings are on its web site, describing both the research and the ... The hip angle is determined by the attachment of the ilium to the spine, the structure and length of the femur, and other ... "Genetic Disorders in Arabian Horses: Current Research Projects". World Arabian Horse Association (WAHO) Website. World Arabian ... There is no genetic test for OAAM, and the hereditary component of this condition is not well researched at present.[52] ...
The mtDNA sequence from the femur of a 400,000-year-old Homo heidelbergensis from the Sima de los Huesos cave in Spain was ... when a research group led by Fahu Chen, Dongju Zhang and Jean-Jacques Hublin described a partial mandible discovered in 1980 by ...
Cuvier's researches on fish, begun in 1801, finally culminated in the publication of the Histoire naturelle des poissons, which ... the femur, each separately revel the tooth or each other; and by beginning from each of them the thoughtful professor of the ... In this classic work, Cuvier presented the results of his life's research into the structure of living and fossil animals. With ... Thereafter, Cuvier performed a pioneering research study on some elephant fossils excavated around Paris. The bones he studied ...
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.. *^ Fingar KR, Stocks C, Weiss AJ, Steiner CA (December 2014). "Most ... The use of intramedullary rods to treat fractures of the femur and tibia was pioneered by Gerhard Küntscher of Germany. This ... Advances made in surgical technique during the 18th century, such as John Hunter's research on tendon healing and Percival Pott ... Modern orthopedic surgery and musculoskeletal research has sought to make surgery less invasive and to make implanted ...
Cretaceous Research 15(1):101-125 *^ Novacek, Michael J. (1996). Dinosaurs of the Flaming Cliffs. New York: Anchor Books. ISBN ... Based solely on a femur, the name was coined by Kim in 1979, but by 1993 Kim decided that it was a species of Deinonychus, and ... The femora and coracoids also help identify different individuals, and Timothy J. Fedak, the described of the specimens, found ... The given species was name was "T. sifengensis". The specimen consists of an ischium, an astragalus, a tibia, a femur, an ...
The Spa Research Fellowship states that Chad is the patron saint of medicinal springs,[32] although other listings[33] do not ... which was a third femur, and therefore could not have come from Bishop Chad) were dated to the seventh century, and were ... "Spa research fellowship, Occasional paper, 5: St Chad - Patron Saint of Medicinal Springs". Archived from the original on 9 ...
Schizophrenia has a 0.53 weighting and a broken femur a 0.37 weighting in the latest WHO weightings.[18][19] ... As early as 1989, Loomes and McKenzie recommended that research be conducted concerning the validity of QALYs.[37] In 2010, ... "ECHOUTCOME: European Consortium in Healthcare Outcomes and Cost-Benefit Research". Archived from the original on 2016-10-08.. ... European Consortium in Healthcare Outcomes and Cost-Benefit Research (ECHOUTCOME). "European Guidelines for Cost-Effectiveness ...
Importantly, the femur also angles in toward the knee from the hip. This trait would have allowed the foot to have fallen ... "PREMOG - Research". How Lucy walked. Primate Evolution & Morphology Group (PREMOG), the Department of Human Anatomy and Cell ... "New theory rejects popular view of man's evolution - Research -". The Guardian. London. Archived from ...
femur. 26. trochanter. 27. fore-gut (crop, gizzard). 28. thoracic ganglion. 29. coxa. 30. salivary gland. 31. subesophageal ... Later research has discovered that the viceroy is, in fact more toxic than the monarch and this resemblance should be ... The higher-level phylogeny of the arthropods continues to be a matter of debate and research. In 2008, researchers at Tufts ... The common fruitfly Drosophila melanogaster is one of the most widely used organisms in biological research. ...
... s Research. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. *^ a b "Facts about Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate , Birth ... Hypoplasia of the tibia and femur. 1 : 1.2[96] Spina bifida. 1 : 1.2[98] ... "Mutation Research/Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis. 581 (1-2): 69-82. doi:10.1016/j.mrgentox.2004.11.002. PMID ... Research has shown that fetal lymphocytes have been damaged as a result of a father's smoking habits prior to conception.[32][ ...
Trochanteric Fractures of the Femur: Treatment and Results. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research (1976-2007)138:30-40, ... Trochanteric Fractures of the Femur: Treatment and Results.. GANZ R.; THOMAS, R. J.; HAMMERLE, C. P.. Clinical Orthopaedics and ... Thought you might appreciate this item(s) I saw at Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research (1976-2007).. ... Thought you might appreciate this item(s) I saw at Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research (1976-2007).. ...
Concealed Epiphyseolysis of the Distal End of the Femur and Both Ends of the Tibia. MANSOOR, I., A.* ... Thought you might appreciate this item(s) I saw at Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research®.. ... Thought you might appreciate this item(s) I saw at Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research®.. ... Thought you might appreciate this item(s) I saw at Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research®.. ...
Clinical trial for Fracture of neck of femur , Sequelae From Previous Hip Surgery , Primary Osteoarthritis , Osteotomy , ... Brief Description Eligibility Contact Research Team Volunteer Sign-up. Sign up for our FREE service to receive email ... If you prefer to contact the site yourself, click the buttons below for the research sites contact details. ...
VCH Research Institute. Research Study. A Multicentre, Randomized Trial of Far Cortical Locking Versus Standard Constructs for ... Vancouver Coastal Health Research Institute is one of Canadas top-funded health research organizations. Learn more about the ... Yes, I would also like to receive communications from the VCH Research Institute on new research opportunities, announcements ... Study Coordinators and Research Nurses cannot give medical advice over the phone. Telephone numbers and email addresses are ...
HomeResearchResearch ExplorerStudent ThesesStatistical Shape Analysis of the Proximal Femur: Developmen... ... Research areas. *Osteoarthritis, Proximal femur morphology, Statistical shape models, Computer vision, Image segmentation, ... In addition, the research described in this thesis demonstrates how the point annotations resulting from the system can be used ... This is in contrast to conventional clinical and research practice where the analysis of bone shape is reduced to a series of ...
... research and clinical trials from experts at Boston Childrens, ranked best Childrens Hospital by US News. ... Broken Femur (Thigh Bone) Pediatric Research and Innovation. Research & Innovation. For more than a century, orthopedic ... Our pioneering research helps answer the most pressing questions in pediatric orthopedics today - providing children with the ... surgeons and investigators at Boston Childrens Hospital have played a vital role in the field of musculoskeletal research, ...
List of 21 causes for Acute herpes-like genital symptoms and Chronic herpes-like genital symptoms and Face rash and Femur rash ... Research the causes of these more general types of symptom: *Herpes-like symptoms (7 causes) *more symptoms...» Research the ... Femur rash:*Causes: Femur rash *Introduction: Femur rash *Femur rash: Add a 6th symptom *Femur rash: Remove a symptom Itchy ... Research Deeper: More About These Symptoms. * Acute herpes-like genital symptoms *Acute herpes-like genital: ...
List of causes of Calcaneal bone infection and Femur lump, alternative diagnoses, rare causes, misdiagnoses, patient stories, ... Research Deeper: More About These Symptoms. * Calcaneal bone infection *Calcaneal bone infection: ... Femur lump:*Causes: Femur lump *Introduction: Femur lump *Femur lump: Add a 3rd symptom *Femur lump: Remove a symptom Results: ... Calcaneal bone infection AND Femur lump: Causes of All Symptoms. *Calcaneal bone infection OR Femur lump: Causes of Any Symptom ...
Cite this Research Publication. Dr. Manitha B. Nair, Varma, H., Shenoy, S. J., and John, A., "Treatment of Goat Femur Segmental ... Treatment of Goat Femur Segmental Defects with Silica-Coated Hydroxyapatite-One-Year Follow-Up ... and implanted into a 2-cm segmental defect created in the goat femur diaphysis. This study prolonged for 12 uneventful months ...
Gender Identification With Knee Bicondylar Width and Vertical Diameter of the Femur Head Based on Radiography Assessment ... Research Paper: Gender Identification With Knee Bicondylar Width and Vertical Diameter of the Femur Head Based on Radiography ... Clavero A, Salicrú M, Turbón D. Sex prediction from the femur and hip bone using a sample of CT images from a Spanish ... A study of the measurement of the head of the femur with special reference to sex: A preliminary report. Journal of the ...
Research Article Fractured femur and fat embolism.. Br Med J 1971; 3 doi: (Published 03 ...
This study has examined the performance of the tool within entire femurs to improve the understanding of the mechanical ... 77, 075105 (2006)], developed to test human bone, to test the femora of mice. These modifications include reducing the ... Despite increasing use of the tool, little research is available to advise the set-up of […] ...
Oncogenic Osteomalacia Caused by a Phosphaturic Mesenchymal Tumor of the Proximal Femur. Medical Research Archives, [S.l.], n. ... The Medical Research Archives grants authors the right to publish and reproduce the unrevised contribution in whole or in part ... The patient was eventually worked up with a PET/CT scan which showed a 2cm tumor in his right proximal femur. A core biopsy of ... As part of this surgery requires making a femoral neck cut and removing the head and neck of the femur, the femoral lesion was ...
Research. 95 (1): 85-8. doi:10.1016/j.otsr.2008.07.001. PMID 19251243. ... The lateral condyle is one of the two projections on the lower extremity of the femur. The other one is the medial condyle. The ...
Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of An absence of structural changes in the proximal femur with osteoporosis. ... Saitoh S, Nakatsuchi Y, Latta L, Milne E. An absence of structural changes in the proximal femur with osteoporosis. Skeletal ... An absence of structural changes in the proximal femur with osteoporosis. In: Skeletal Radiology. 1993 ; Vol. 22, No. 6. pp. ... The structural changes, on which the grading system by Singh was based, were not observed in the proximal femur affected by ...
Distal femur replacement is useful in complex total knee arthroplasty revisions. Clinical orthopaedics and related research. ... Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of Distal femur replacement is useful in complex total knee arthroplasty revisions ... In: Clinical orthopaedics and related research, No. 446, 05.2006, p. 113-120.. Research output: Contribution to journal › ... Distal femur replacement is useful in complex total knee arthroplasty revisions. Richard J. Harrison, Mihir M. Thacker, J. ...
... the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips. ... "Intracortical stiffness of mid-diaphysis femur bovine bone: lacunar-canalicular based homogenization numerical solutions and ... personal research library. Its your single place to instantly. discover and read the research that matters to you. ... Organize your research. Its easy to organize your research with our built-in tools. ...
Book CECT Femur with Agra Diagnostic Imaging Research Centre Agra online in New Delhi at 1mglabs. Book lab test online, view ... CECT Femur. done? *• To detect the fractures of the femur (thigh bone) not visible on a simple X-ray • To detect the cause of ... CECT Femur. ?. Contrast Enhanced Computerized Tomography (CECT) scan of the femur (thigh bone) is a diagnostic procedure in ... Welcome to the Agra Diagnostic Imaging Research Centres official site! Here you will find information on all the scans we ...
The journal publishes research articles, review articles, as well as clinical studies related to the biology, physiology, and ... Research Article The Effects of Parathyroid Hormone Applied at Different Regimes on the Trochanteric Region of the Femur in ... "The Effects of Parathyroid Hormone Applied at Different Regimes on the Trochanteric Region of the Femur in Ovariectomized Rat ...
Open Access journal that publishes original research, reviews, and clinical studies covering a wide range of subjects in ... Research Article Bone Morphology in 46 BXD Recombinant Inbred Strains and Femur-Tibia Correlation. Yueying Zhang,1 Jinsong ... Spearmans rank correlation coefficients and significance level of whole bone phenotypes between femur and tibia in RI mice (N, ... Spearmans rank correlation coefficients and significance level of cortical bone phenotypes between femur and tibia in RI mice ...
Document Type: Research Article. Affiliations: 1: Department of Forensic Medicine, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu ... In an effort to establish osteometric standards for the femur of contemporary North Indian populations, 122 adult femora of ... The results clearly indicate the importance of the ends of femur in the determination of sex. ...
The mean TESS score was 64% (54%-82%). We conclude that METS modular tumour prosthesis for proximal femur provides versatility ... 100 consecutive patients who underwent modular tumour prosthetic reconstruction of the proximal femur for metastases using the ... was to assess the clinical and functional outcomes following modular tumour prosthesis reconstruction of the proximal femur in ... complications and acceptable function lasting the lifetime of the patients with metastatic tumours of the proximal femur. ...
... and correct diagnosis for Fractured femur signs or Fractured femur symptoms. ... Symptoms of Fractured femur including 12 medical symptoms and signs of Fractured femur, alternative diagnoses, misdiagnosis, ... Research More About Fractured femur. Do I have Fractured femur? *Fractured femur: Introduction *Fractured femur: Diagnostic ... Treatments for Fractured femur *More about Fractured femur Fractured femur: Undiagnosed Conditions. Diseases that may be ...
Felicia Cosman, M.D., Medical Director, Clinical Research Center, Helen Hayes Hospital, Health Research, Inc.. ... Early Effects of Parathyroid Hormone (PTH) on the Proximal Femur. The safety and scientific validity of this study is the ... To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For ... TPTD induced bone formation in the femur would be expected to improve bone strength and would provide a mechanistic basis for ...
Research output: Thesis › Phd Thesis 1 (Research TU/e / Graduation TU/e) ... Research Output. Patient specific prediction of bone failure using microstructure-enhanced continuum finite element models. ... The dataset includes a database of human proximal femora:. The database was built in the course of VPHOP or the Osteoporotic ... A total of 33 human cadaver femora were collected. The mean age of the donors was 77.8±10.0 years (range 61-95 years), 17 ...
Diagnostic checklist, medical tests, doctor questions, and related signs or symptoms for Femur tingling. ... List of 9 disease causes of Femur tingling, patient stories, diagnostic guides. ... Research the causes of related medical symptoms such as: *Femur *Femur symptoms *Tingling (951 causes) *Tingling symptoms (951 ... Femur tingling Treatments. Review further information on Femur tingling Treatments. Femur tingling: Animations *. Distal Femur ...
Medical Research Council, various universities, contract research organisations and pharmaceutical companies. ... The risk of hip/femur fracture declined rapidly after discontinuation of use. The risk of hip/femur fracture increased as the ... a, b Recency of SSRI (a) and TCA (b) use before the index date and risk of hip/femur fracture. Dashed lines and open dots: ... Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. Arch Intern Med 159(5):484-490PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar ...
... is a prospective Study to assess the occurrence of hypovolemic shock in children with traumatic isolated closed fractures femur ... As a division of Research Square Company, were committed to making research communication faster, fairer, and more useful. We ... Depending on vital signs parameters in the femur bone fractures patients after exclusion of bilateral fractures femur, and ... Depending on vital signs parameters in the femur bone fractures patients after exclusion of bilateral fractures femur, and ...
Fracture of the Proximal Femur. J. Stevens, David Wood, R. Hornby. Research output: Contribution to journal › Article ... Stevens, J, Wood, D & Hornby, R 1994, Fracture of the Proximal Femur, Fractures and Dislocations, vol. N/A, no. N/A, pp. 0. ... Fracture of the Proximal Femur. / Stevens, J.; Wood, David; Hornby, R.. In: Fractures and Dislocations, Vol. N/A, No. N/A, 1994 ... Stevens, J., Wood, D., & Hornby, R. (1994). Fracture of the Proximal Femur. Fractures and Dislocations, N/A(N/A), 0. ...
Organization: Saratov State Medical University, Saratov Scientific Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics, First ... In this article questions of femur computer models base making for future it using in free patients medicine are discussed. ... Using of computer simulation in surgical treatment of patients with fractures of proximal femur. ...
  • This is in contrast to conventional clinical and research practice where the analysis of bone shape is reduced to a series of measurements of lengths and angles.This thesis describes the development of a novel fully automatic software system that segments the proximal femur from anteroposterior (AP) pelvic radiographs by densely placing 65 points along its contour. (
  • 77, 075105 (2006)], developed to test human bone, to test the femora of mice. (
  • The hypothesis that osteoporosis occurs not as a preferential loss of the tensile trabeculae but as a general loss of bone was tested by using bone mineral densitometry and an indention test on dissected proximal femora. (
  • The modular endoprosthesis rotating hinge knee prosthesis is useful for total knee arthroplasty revision in patients with inadequate bone stock, ligamentous instability, or difficult supracondylar femur fractures, especially in low demand elderly patients. (
  • Cross sectional rings of matrix punctuated by multi-inclusions and returns corre- cortical bones are cut from the middle tubular part of bovine sponding values for longitudinal and transverse Young's femur long bone at mid-diaphysis. (
  • Contrast Enhanced Computerized Tomography (CECT) scan of the femur (thigh bone) is a diagnostic procedure in which a contrast material is injected and the rotating beams of X-rays are used to create a detailed three dimensional image of the thigh bone or femur to detect any underlying pathological conditions. (
  • The proximal femur is the commonest long bone to be affected by secondary malignant bone tumours [ 1 , 2 ] The use of endoprostheses for the treatment of malignant tumours of the proximal femur is well recognized and its use in metastatic disease is also becoming more common. (
  • Supplementary materials (Table S1-S3) provide information of the correlations among different bone properties between the female and the male and between the femur and the tibia. (
  • Apart from the beneficial effect of TPTD on bone density and bone strength by finite element analysis at the hip, nothing is known about the mechanism of the effect of TPTD on the proximal femur. (
  • TPTD induced bone formation in the femur would be expected to improve bone strength and would provide a mechanistic basis for the use of TPTD in patients at high risk of hip fracture. (
  • The proposed project is the only practical and ethical way to obtain information on the effects of TPTD on bone formation in the proximal femur in humans. (
  • TPTD 20 mcg) vs placebo, administered subcutaneously daily for 6 weeks, on histomorphometric indices of bone formation in cancellous and cortical bone of the proximal femur (femoral neck and intertrochanteric bone) and iliac crest. (
  • 2. To evaluate the association between changes in biochemical indices of bone turnover and histomorphometric indices of bone formation in the proximal femur (femoral neck and intertrochanteric bone) and iliac crest over 6 weeks of treatment with TPTD vs. placebo. (
  • 3. To determine if circulating osteoblast precursor cells increase over 6 weeks of treatment with TPTD vs Placebo and to compare the change in size of this osteoblast precursor pool with the change in a biochemical marker of bone formation and indices of bone formation in the femur and iliac crest. (
  • Depending on vital signs parameters in the femur bone fractures patients after exclusion of bilateral fractures femur, and associated injury or patients with compound fractures, we confirmed that isolated closed femoral fractures are hemodynamically stable. (
  • Researchers from the Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, University of Toronto, have developed a novel pre-clinical technique to visualize and quantitate the in vivo activities of bone marrow cells in real-time using a femur window chamber model. (
  • In this case, the femur window chamber model enabled the dynamic imaging of three constituents of the femoral bone marrow: neutrophils, vasculature, and collagen matrix. (
  • This image shows the soft tissues and the bone in the upper leg, which is called the femur. (
  • Experts say that because the femur bone is so crucial to walking and moving through your daily life, breaking it is often quite demoralizing. (
  • To compare the different fracture fixation techniques, Dr. Kuzyk and his research team used 15 large-sized (485-mm) fourth-generation composite femurs that simulate osteoporotic human bone. (
  • Skulls Unlimited International, Inc. is committed to providing legally and ethically obtained natural bone osteological specimens as well as the finest replica specimens to the educational, medical and research communities. (
  • A TEC with FG-Vanco-AB was transplanted into critically sized bone defects of the right femur in a goat. (
  • Objectives: To study the comprehensive biomechanical properties of the cancellous bone of distal femur through a series of mechanical tests, and provide relevant subjects with the basic technical data. (
  • The biomechanical properties of bone have come to be the precondition of the further research of these relevant clinical subjects. (
  • Comprehensive items of the mechanical properties of the bone can evaluate the mechanical performance of the bone better, and can provide more valuable data to relevant research. (
  • The comparison with FE models of bone only infant femora models [22] showed an agreement with the moment to fail, for both the 4 and the 7 months old subjects. (
  • This work presents a statistical model of both the shape and Bone Mineral Density (BMD) distribution of the proximal femur for fracture risk assessment. (
  • Literatures addressing the effect of fluoride on bone bio-mechanical parameters of femur in young rats are few. (
  • To study the effects of fluoride on bone biomechanical parameters of femur in young rats . (
  • Recent reports have found long-term aln use to be common in patients with subtrochanteric or proximal diaphyseal femur fracture, raising concerns that these fractures could be a consequence of excessive suppression of bone turnover. (
  • Researchers from Australia and China analyzed a portion of a human femur (thigh bone) found in Red Deer Cave in Yunnan Province, China, during a 1989 excavation. (
  • 1 The researchers noted the bone looks like Homo habilis and Homo erectus femurs found in Africa. (
  • Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: The Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research 30(7): 1290-1300. (
  • Effects of ethanol consumption and alcohol detoxification on the biomechanics and morphology the bone in rat femurs/Efeitos do consumo de etanol e da desintoxicacao alcoolica sobre a biomecanica e morfologia ossea em femur de ratos. (
  • Considering the great number of alcoholics individuals, the relationship between ethanol consumption and bone fragility the aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of ethanol consumption and alcohol detoxification on the biomechanics, area and thickness of cortical and trabecular bone in rat femurs. (
  • Kim YH, Yoon SH, Kim JS (2007) Changes in the bone mineral density in the acetabulum and proximal femur after cementless total hip replacement. (
  • The objective of this study was to verify the effects of ethanol consumption and alcohol detoxification on the biomechanics, area and thickness of cortical and trabecular bone in rat femur. (
  • Morphometric analysis of cortical and trabecular bones in rat femurs demonstrated that AC animals showed inferior dimensions and alcohol detoxification (DT) allowed an enhancement in area and thickness of cortical and trabecular bone. (
  • Images from CT scans showing the external (left) and internal (centre) bone structure and a 3D morphometric map showing the distribution of trabecular bone throughout the proximal femur (right). (
  • Ontogeny and variability of trabecular bone in the chimpanzee humerus, femur and tibia. (
  • A study of 2,000 adults revealed that despite six in 10 claiming to have a good knowledge of their bones and what they need to do to keep them healthy, more than one in four could not correctly name the thigh bone as a femur. (
  • And while 74 per cent of people realise the femur, our longest bone, is the name of the thigh bone, almost one in twenty wrongly believe the large leg bone is called the humerus. (
  • They come in all shapes and sizes, from the thigh bone, or femur which is the largest, to the stapes in the middle ear, which is the smallest in the body at just 3mm long. (
  • Anatomical differences in the femur and tibia between Negroids and Caucasoids and their effects upon locomotion. (
  • Of these, long bones (e.g., femur, tibia or radius) have the highest fracture rates [2-4]. (
  • Repetitive loading, in vivo, of the tibia and femora of rats: effects of a single bout of treadmill running. (
  • As a result, frangible surrogates representing individual pelvis, femurs, tibia/fibula systems with membrane and ligaments were designed based on the mesoscale models. (
  • and attached hereto as Appendix A. Total knee replacement procedures generally involve the consecutive steps of making an incision and exposing the joint, resecting the distal end of the femur, resecting the proximal end of the tibia, sizing the femur and establishing external rotation, finishing the femur, sizing and finishing the tibia, performing trial reductions, and implanting the prosthesis components. (
  • As part of this surgery requires making a femoral neck cut and removing the head and neck of the femur, the femoral lesion was completely excised, and this led to resolution of his hypophosphatemia, and improvement in his symptoms. (
  • We have used custom made endoprosthetic replacements for tumours of the proximal femur since 1970 [ 12 ] and we have been using the modular proximal femoral endoprosthetic replacements [METS prosthesis system designed by Stanmore Implants Worldwide] since they became available in 2001. (
  • We investigated whether early and continuous use of femoral nerve block can improve pain on movement and mobility after surgery in older participants with fragility neck of femur fracture. (
  • The bicondylar angle of the femur is defined as the angle between the long axis of the femoral shaft and a line tangent to the distal extent both femoral condyles, in frontal view. (
  • What's the best way to treat distal femur fractures that occur above a well-fixed femoral component for a total knee arthroplasty? (
  • The researchers placed the femoral component of a knee prosthetic on the distal femurs, and then created a fracture just above the component. (
  • Femoral haemopoietic tissue was divided into cells released by flushing and cells released by grinding and washing flushed femora. (
  • For testing, non-reinforced and reinforced spacers were implanted into fourth generation composite femurs (Sawbones AB, Malmö, Sweden) that had the femoral head removed and canal reamed. (
  • This study is done to analyze the surgical management of proximal third fractures of femur using Proximal Femoral Nail. (
  • 14. Yu W, Zhang X, Zhu X, Hu J, Liu Y. A retrospective analysis of the InterTan nail and proximal femoral nail anti-rotation-Asia in the treatment of unstable intertrochanteric femur fractures in the elderly. (
  • The closet location and distance of the popliteal vessels to the femur provide useful information for wire placement during distal femoral fracture surgery while minimising the risk of vascular injury. (
  • Managing vascular injuries associated with distal femoral fracture surgery requires awareness of the anatomy of the popliteal vessel and the distal femur and adequate wire placement. (
  • The proximity of the popliteal vessels to the distal femur may increase iatrogenic injury during cerclage wiring of the distal femoral fracture. (
  • However, little information is available concerning the stress distribution pattern and the micromotion of the proximal femur and the femoral stem associated with the use of these materials in total hip arthroplasty. (
  • Therefore, the purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of three different articulating materials used in total hip arthroplasty on the stress and micromotion of the proximal femur and femoral stem. (
  • Won YY, Ahn JI, Yoo SH, Byun CJ, Choi WS, Cho JH (1999) Finite Element Analysis for Micromotion of Femoral Stem and Stress Concentration of Femur after Removal of DHS System, J of Korean Hip Society, 11(1), June. (
  • Fosamax and other bisphosphonates have been linked to atypical femur fractures, which can occur with little or no trauma. (
  • The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has warned that Fosamax and other bisphosphonates, such as Actonel or Boniva, may increase the risk of atypical femur fractures in patients taking the medication to treat osteoporosis. (
  • Two national observational register-based studies were performed: (1) cross-sectional study (N = 11,944) comparing age distribution, exposure, and trauma mechanisms between different types of proximal femur fractures and (2) matched cohort study in patients with prior nonhip fractures (N = 5187 + 10,374), testing the hypothesis that the increase in the risk of subsequent atypical femur fractures exceeded the increase in typical hip fractures. (
  • We also sought evidence of a dose-response relationship, where high adherence to or long-term use of aln led to more atypical femur fractures. (
  • According to the suit, Fosamax and other bisphosphonates can increase the risk of atypical femur fractures. (
  • Another study, published in the Archives of Internal Medicine, compared patients with classic femur fractures versus those with atypical femur fractures. (
  • [1] X Research source A broken femur can be an extremely painful and inconvenient occurrence. (
  • Usually, range of motion exercises and stretches are done to give strength to the broken femur. (
  • Surgery for a broken femur can last up to three or four hours. (
  • Meanwhile I'm going to tag our medical expert @Josephine to give you input on healing your broken femur. (
  • The advantage of an endoprosthetic replacement over internal fixation of the proximal femur is that it will allow removal of the tumour involved area and replacement, thus minimising the risk of further tumour related problems like non-union and tumour progression [ 2 , 3 ]. (
  • Testing different fracture fixation methods-retrograde intramedullary nail, polyaxial locking plate or intramedullary fibular strut allograft with polyaxial locking plate-to learn which is best for treating periprosthetic femur fractures. (
  • Understanding of which fracture fixation method-retrograde intramedullary nail, polyaxial locking plate or intramedullary fibular strut allograft with polyaxial locking plate-is most effective for treating periprosthetic femur fractures. (
  • Using composite osteoporotic femur models, we studied the biomechanical properties of established techniques for fixation of these fractures-retrograde intramedullary nail and locking plate-as well as a novel technique using a variable angle locking plate with an intramedullary fibular allograft," said Dr. Kuzyk. (
  • Advantages of osteosynthesis of femur fractures by means of rod type external fixation devices have been under the study. (
  • Material and Methods: 8 patients (6 male and 2 female) with ipsilateral intertrochancteric and shaft of femur fractures were treated with vari¬ous fixation devices. (
  • Intramedullary and extramedullary fixation methods are used in the management of subtrochanteric femur fractures. (
  • However, whether intramedullary or extramedullary fixation is the primary treatment for subtrochanteric femur fractures in adults remains debatable. (
  • Prospective randomized controlled trials that compared intramedullary or extramedullary internal fixation to repair subtrochanteric femur fractures in adults were included. (
  • We determined intraoperative data, postoperative complications, fracture fixation complications, wound infection, hospital stay days, and final outcome measures to assess the relative effects of different internal fixation methods for the treatment of subtrochanteric femur fractures in adults. (
  • Some differences were not significant, but the treatment of elderly subtrochanteric femur fractures using intramedullary internal fixation is recommended. (
  • Operative alternatives for subtrochanteric femur fractures differ worldwide but primarily include intramedullary and extramedullary internal fixation. (
  • The vancomycin concentration was decreased from the centre of the graft to both ends of the femur. (
  • Objectives-To estimate the association between isolated second-trimester short femur length and fetal growth restriction as well as other adverse perinatal outcomes. (
  • Short femur length was defined as length below the 10th percentile for gestational age and was considered isolated when both the estimated fetal weight and abdominal circumference were above the 10th percentile for gestational age. (
  • Isolated short femur length below the 5th percentile was also evaluated. (
  • Univariable and multivariable logistic regression analyses were used to estimate the risk of these outcomes in fetuses with isolated short femur length. (
  • There was no significant association between isolated short femur length and preeclampsia. (
  • Conclusions-Isolated short femur length on second-trimester sonography is associated with a greater than 3-fold increased risk of fetal growth restriction and an increased risk of preterm birth. (
  • In July 2010, she suffered a right subtrochanteric femur fracture, allegedly due to using the drug for years. (
  • This preprint is under consideration at Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research . (
  • Only your doctor can provide adequate diagnosis of any signs or symptoms and whether they are indeed Fractured femur symptoms. (
  • Concealed Epiphyseolysis of the Distal End of the Femur and. (
  • The rough cut is made by positioning a guide on the distal end of the femur and severing a small piece of the posterior portion of the pair of condyles. (
  • In October 2010, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) updated the label on bisphosphonate drugs to warn about the risk of atypical fractures of the thigh, also referred to subtrochanteric and diaphyseal femur fractures. (
  • Thought you might appreciate this item(s) I saw at Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research (1976-2007). (
  • Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research (1976-2007)138:30-40, January/February 1979. (
  • Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research®62:226-231, January-February 1969. (
  • Clinical orthopaedics and related research , (446), 113-120. (
  • Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research (203): 135-40. (
  • Fingerprint Fingerprint is based on mining the text of the person's research documents to create an index of weighted terms, which defines the key subjects of each individual researcher. (
  • Schmutz, B , Reynolds, K & Slavotinek, J 2006, ' Development and validation of a generic 3D model of the distal femur ', Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering , vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 305-312. (
  • This study suggests that the proximal epiphysis is not as significant for the biomechanics of the whole infant femur as has previously been speculated [20,44,45]. (
  • Methods: All elbow and femur fractures treated operatively between January and December 2016 were identified. (
  • Kyle quickly realized that he needed to work with an actual femur, so on his own, he 3D printed one. (
  • Objective Fractured neck of femur is a severely painful condition with significant mortality and morbidity. (
  • Participants Participants admitted with a history and examination suggesting fractured neck of femur. (
  • Methods Hospital Episode Statistics data on non-elective admissions to 137 hospital trusts between November 2013 and October 2015 with a primary diagnosis of fractured neck of femur were analysed. (
  • Vulnerable patients with a fractured neck of femur: nutritional status and support in hospital. (
  • Fractured neck of femur (NOF) patients may be particularly at risk because of their old age and frail state of health. (
  • This resulted in a Fisher criterion value of 6.70, while analyzing the Dual-energy X-ray Absorptiometry derived femur neck areal BMD of the same subjects resulted in a Fisher criterion value of 0.98. (
  • Fracture neck of femur is a type of hip fracture seen in elderly people. (
  • Objectives: Locked plating has become a standard method to treat supracondylar femur fractures. (
  • The goals of this study were to determine risk factors for complications and to provide technical recommendations for locked plating of supracondylar femur fractures. (
  • INTRODUCTION: "Few injuries present more difficult problems than those associated with supracondylar and intercondylar fractures of femur"- Sir Reginald Watson Jones. (
  • All patients with age above 18 years having supracondylar and intercondylar fractures of femur with an indication for surgical management. (
  • Proximal third fractures of femur like intertrochanteric and subtrochanteric fractures, are a leading cause of hospital admissions in elderly people. (
  • 6. Berger-Groch J, Rupprecht M, Schoepper S, Schroeder M, Rueger JM, Hoffmann M. Five-Year Outcome Analysis of Intertrochanteric Femur Fractures: A Prospective Randomized Trial Comparing a 2-Screw and a Single-Screw Cephalomedullary Nail. (
  • Computer -aided imaging-processing method not only reduces the error but also can be completed by computer automatically in measuring section morphology of medually cavity in proximal femur . (
  • My ongoing research is largely focused on reconstructing locomotion among fossil hominins from the internal structure of the foot, as well as exploring variability of foot bony morphology among recent human groups. (
  • An atypical femur fracture (which manifests as a subtrochanteric or diaphyseal fracture) may occur during normal everyday activities with little or no trauma. (
  • The risk was reduced by high adherence, and the ratio between hip and subtrochanteric/diaphyseal femur fractures was identical in aln-treated patients and the control cohort even in the limited number of patients who received long-term treatment. (
  • Subtrochanteric/diaphyseal femur fractures share the epidemiology and treatment response of classical hip fractures and are best classified as osteoporotic fractures. (
  • Background: Data addressing risk factors predictive of mortality and reoperation after periprosthetic femur fractures (PPFxs) are lacking. (
  • Understanding of what construct is most effective for treating joint replacement patients who sustain periprosthetic femur fractures. (
  • Unfortunately, that also means that postoperative complications-especially periprosthetic femur fractures that occur around knee implants-will be a growing concern. (
  • Phantoms are common substitutes for soft tissues in biomechanical research and are usually tuned to match tissue properties using standard testing protocols at small strains. (
  • Given the inconsistency of the data regarding femur length as a predictor for Down syndrome, attempts have been made to use other measurement ratios, including humerus length, humerus plus femur length, humerus and/or femur length versus foot length, again with conflicting results. (
  • The finding of short femur and/or short humerus should prompt a search for additional markers for Down syndrome. (
  • Given the isolated finding of short femur and/or humerus, we recommend offering genetic counseling. (
  • Combining humerus and femur length for improved ultrasonographic identification of pregnancies at increased risk for trisomy 21. (
  • Modular segmental endoprosthetic distal femur replacement is a limb salvage option when other surgical options are unfeasible. (
  • Endoprosthetic replacements of the proximal femur are commonly required to treat destructive metastases with either impending or actual pathological fractures at this site. (
  • The aim of this study was to assess the clinical and functional outcomes following modular tumour prosthesis reconstruction of the proximal femur in 100 consecutive patients with metastatic tumours and to compare them with the published results of patients with modular and custom made endoprosthetic replacements. (
  • Many pathological fractures of the proximal femur will not heal, either because of the disease process itself or because of the use of radiotherapy and in patients with good life expectancy and destruction of the upper femur, an endoprosthetic replacement is both functionally and oncologically a sensible option. (
  • Given the patient's osteonecrosis of the bilateral proximal femurs, we chose to treat him with a right total hip arthroplasty. (
  • Excluded open fractures and bilateral fracture femur in children, also excluded any fracture associated with trauma to the body organ as associated injury. (
  • The Archives of Internal Medicine recently published a study comparing patients with atypical versus "classic" femur fractures, reporting that 82 percent of patients in the atypical fracture category had taken bisphosphonates. (
  • This thesis outlines a semi automated finite element modeling method that accounts for both specific geometry and material properties of the femur under study and makes use of computer tomography, and in-house designed modeling methods. (
  • Methods: In this paper, comprehensive items of mechanical properties of the cancellous bones of distal femur were conducted, and many valuable test results were obtained through a series of mechanical tests, which comprised tensile test, compression test, torsion test, shear test, bending test and impact test. (
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was conducted to study the outcomes of management of distal femur fracture with inter-articular extension in department of orthopaedics, Government Medical College, Surat on patients operated during the period of two year from January 2011 to December 2012. (
  • Orthopaedics & Traumatology: Surgery & Research. (
  • If you have broken your femur, there are few things you can do to get yourself on the road to recovery, starting with surgery. (
  • This will reduce the number of femur fractures during the surgery by minimizing the need to broach with large tools. (
  • I had emergency surgery where they put a rod in my femur through the tkr implant with screws. (
  • Source of Data: Patients operated for distal femur fractures with intra-articular extension in the Department of Orthopaedics, New civil hospital Surat during the period of two year from January 2011 to December 2012. (
  • Study Coordinators and Research Nurses cannot give medical advice over the phone. (
  • This is a prospective Study to assess the occurrence of hypovolemic shock in children with traumatic isolated closed fractures femur. (
  • Cases ( n = 6,763) were adult patients with a first hip/femur fracture during the study period. (
  • The aim of this study was to examine the association between the use of anti-depressants and the risk of hip/femur fractures, with a special focus on the relation with the degree of 5-hydroxytryptamine transporter (5-HTT) inhibition afforded by different anti-depressants and the duration of use. (
  • A total of 160 femur bones of both sexes were compiled and a morphological study of 15 linear and angulated parameters of proximal femur epiphysis was produced, thus defining the linear/angulated size of tubular bones. (
  • This study assessed the observations of a systemic anatomical study encompassing the proximal femur meta-epiphysis behavior in normal condition. (
  • This study investigated the load capacity of custom made hip spacers, developed at the 'Klinik für Orthopädie und Orthopädische Chirurgie' (Universitätsklinikum des Saarlandes, Homburg / Saar, Germany), and implanted into composite femurs. (
  • This study evaluates therefore the strength of non-reinforced spacers and spacers having an adapted endoskeleton when implanted into composite femurs. (
  • Ethics and dissemination The study has been approved by the South West 2 Research Ethics committee (reference 10/H0206/34). (
  • At the time of the study, there were only two cases from this database having at least the proximal part of the femur clearly visible on both imaging modalities and aged under 18 months (4 and 7 months), and therefore still having a substantial portion of ossifying cartilage in the epiphysis. (
  • The purpose of this study was to examine opioid use in the pediatric fracture population by determining and comparing the average hospital opioid dosage utilized in the operative pediatric elbow and femur fractures and determining and comparing the average dose prescribed following operative treatment of elbow and femur fractures. (
  • Conclusions: This study provides data on average hospital opioid and nonopioid use following pediatric elbow and femur fractures. (
  • The aim was to study the results of operative treatment of ipsilateral intertrochanchteric and shaft femur fractures with dynamic hip screw (DHS) and retrograde nailing (DFN). (
  • In this study, the closest location and distance of the popliteal vessels to the femur was examined using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). (
  • Femur/foot length ratio for detection of Down syndrome: Results of a multicenter prospective study. (
  • A clinical trial is a research study involving human volunteers, and is designed to answer specific health questions. (
  • AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate the functional outcomes of distal femur fractures with intra-articular extension in Government Medical College, Surat from Jan 2011Dec 2012. (
  • Sample Size: All patients with for distal femur fractures with intra-articular extension who underwent operative procedure from January 2011 to December 2012 were selected for the study. (
  • PROCEDURE: The study was approved by Ethical and Research committee of Government medical college, Surat. (
  • Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. (
  • We used the DXA Lunar Prodigy Primo(™) device to assess the body composition parameters [body fat mass (BFM) and lean body mass (LBM)] and the BMD of the lumbar spine, proximal femur and total body. (
  • The parameters of the proximal femur were determined on the basis of 78 roentgenograms of children with hip dysplasia (1-4 years, 4-7 years, 7-16 years) before and after surgical treatment (after 6 months). (
  • A short femur roughly measures at least one week behind all other biometric parameters in the second trimester. (
  • Six Third-Generation and six Fourth-Generation mechanical analogue proximal femur models were implanted with a cemented mock hip arthroplasty. (
  • To validate the modeling, calculated strains are compared to measured strains obtained from mechanical tests, which have also been carried out as part of this research. (
  • The mechanical properties of the cancellous bones of distal femur were analyzed and discussed. (
  • Following these periods of loading, tibiae and femora showed no evidence of microdamage initiation, as evidenced by light microscopy, or corresponding alterations in mechanical properties. (
  • Comparison of explicit finite element and mechanical simulation of the proximal femur during dynamic drop-tower testing. (
  • After experimental procedures, the animals were euthanized by an overdose of the anesthetic and their femurs were collected for mechanical testing and histological processing. (
  • Functional outcome of orif of distal femur fracture with intra-articular extension. (
  • The researchers describe the protocol for surgical implantation of the window chamber in the murine femur and demonstrate the use of this approach for imaging and tracking neutrophils within the femur vasculature. (