Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)
A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.
A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.
A subtype of DIABETES MELLITUS that is characterized by INSULIN deficiency. It is manifested by the sudden onset of severe HYPERGLYCEMIA, rapid progression to DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS, and DEATH unless treated with insulin. The disease may occur at any age, but is most common in childhood or adolescence.
Glucose in blood.
Financial support of research activities.
Minor hemoglobin components of human erythrocytes designated A1a, A1b, and A1c. Hemoglobin A1c is most important since its sugar moiety is glucose covalently bound to the terminal amino acid of the beta chain. Since normal glycohemoglobin concentrations exclude marked blood glucose fluctuations over the preceding three to four weeks, the concentration of glycosylated hemoglobin A is a more reliable index of the blood sugar average over a long period of time.
Research carried out by nurses, generally in clinical settings, in the areas of clinical practice, evaluation, nursing education, nursing administration, and methodology.
Substances which lower blood glucose levels.
The moral obligations governing the conduct of research. Used for discussions of research ethics as a general topic.
A 51-amino acid pancreatic hormone that plays a major role in the regulation of glucose metabolism, directly by suppressing endogenous glucose production (GLYCOGENOLYSIS; GLUCONEOGENESIS) and indirectly by suppressing GLUCAGON secretion and LIPOLYSIS. Native insulin is a globular protein comprised of a zinc-coordinated hexamer. Each insulin monomer containing two chains, A (21 residues) and B (30 residues), linked by two disulfide bonds. Insulin is used as a drug to control insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 1).
Those individuals engaged in research.
A heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by HYPERGLYCEMIA and GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE.
The molecular designing of drugs for specific purposes (such as DNA-binding, enzyme inhibition, anti-cancer efficacy, etc.) based on knowledge of molecular properties such as activity of functional groups, molecular geometry, and electronic structure, and also on information cataloged on analogous molecules. Drug design is generally computer-assisted molecular modeling and does not include pharmacokinetics, dosage analysis, or drug administration analysis.
The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
A test to determine the ability of an individual to maintain HOMEOSTASIS of BLOOD GLUCOSE. It includes measuring blood glucose levels in a fasting state, and at prescribed intervals before and after oral glucose intake (75 or 100 g) or intravenous infusion (0.5 g/kg).
A pathological state in which BLOOD GLUCOSE level is less than approximately 140 mg/100 ml of PLASMA at fasting, and above approximately 200 mg/100 ml plasma at 30-, 60-, or 90-minute during a GLUCOSE TOLERANCE TEST. This condition is seen frequently in DIABETES MELLITUS, but also occurs with other diseases and MALNUTRITION.
The application of discoveries generated by laboratory research and preclinical studies to the development of clinical trials and studies in humans. A second area of translational research concerns enhancing the adoption of best practices.
A type of pancreatic cell representing about 50-80% of the islet cells. Beta cells secrete INSULIN.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Diminished effectiveness of INSULIN in lowering blood sugar levels: requiring the use of 200 units or more of insulin per day to prevent HYPERGLYCEMIA or KETOSIS.
A syndrome of abnormally low BLOOD GLUCOSE level. Clinical hypoglycemia has diverse etiologies. Severe hypoglycemia eventually lead to glucose deprivation of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM resulting in HUNGER; SWEATING; PARESTHESIA; impaired mental function; SEIZURES; COMA; and even DEATH.
Research into the cause, transmission, amelioration, elimination, or enhancement of inherited disorders and traits.
The study of laws, theories, and hypotheses through a systematic examination of pertinent facts and their interpretation in the field of dentistry. (From Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982, p674)
Maintenance of a constant blood glucose level by perfusion or infusion with glucose or insulin. It is used for the study of metabolic rates (e.g., in glucose, lipid, amino acid metabolism) at constant glucose concentration.
Peripheral, autonomic, and cranial nerve disorders that are associated with DIABETES MELLITUS. These conditions usually result from diabetic microvascular injury involving small blood vessels that supply nerves (VASA NERVORUM). Relatively common conditions which may be associated with diabetic neuropathy include third nerve palsy (see OCULOMOTOR NERVE DISEASES); MONONEUROPATHY; mononeuropathy multiplex; diabetic amyotrophy; a painful POLYNEUROPATHY; autonomic neuropathy; and thoracoabdominal neuropathy. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1325)
Abnormally high BLOOD GLUCOSE level.
The time period before the development of symptomatic diabetes. For example, certain risk factors can be observed in subjects who subsequently develop INSULIN RESISTANCE as in type 2 diabetes (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 2).
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
Abstaining from all food.
The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.
A biguanide hypoglycemic agent used in the treatment of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus not responding to dietary modification. Metformin improves glycemic control by improving insulin sensitivity and decreasing intestinal absorption of glucose. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p289)
Collaborative process of research involving researchers and community representatives.
The middle segment of proinsulin that is between the N-terminal B-chain and the C-terminal A-chain. It is a pancreatic peptide of about 31 residues, depending on the species. Upon proteolytic cleavage of proinsulin, equimolar INSULIN and C-peptide are released. C-peptide immunoassay has been used to assess pancreatic beta cell function in diabetic patients with circulating insulin antibodies or exogenous insulin. Half-life of C-peptide is 30 min, almost 8 times that of insulin.
Methods of creating machines and devices.
Insulin formulations that contain substances that retard absorption thus extending the time period of action.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Research carried out by nurses in the clinical setting and designed to provide information that will help improve patient care. Other professional staff may also participate in the research.
Common foot problems in persons with DIABETES MELLITUS, caused by any combination of factors such as DIABETIC NEUROPATHIES; PERIPHERAL VASCULAR DISEASES; and INFECTION. With the loss of sensation and poor circulation, injuries and infections often lead to severe foot ulceration, GANGRENE and AMPUTATION.
Diabetes mellitus induced by PREGNANCY but resolved at the end of pregnancy. It does not include previously diagnosed diabetics who become pregnant (PREGNANCY IN DIABETICS). Gestational diabetes usually develops in late pregnancy when insulin antagonistic hormones peaks leading to INSULIN RESISTANCE; GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; and HYPERGLYCEMIA.
The form and structure of analytic studies in epidemiologic and clinical research.
An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Disease of the RETINA as a complication of DIABETES MELLITUS. It is characterized by the progressive microvascular complications, such as ANEURYSM, interretinal EDEMA, and intraocular PATHOLOGIC NEOVASCULARIZATION.
Lesion on the surface of the skin of the foot, usually accompanied by inflammation. The lesion may become infected or necrotic and is frequently associated with diabetes or leprosy.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Self evaluation of whole blood glucose levels outside the clinical laboratory. A digital or battery-operated reflectance meter may be used. It has wide application in controlling unstable insulin-dependent diabetes.
Research that involves the application of the behavioral and social sciences to the study of the actions or reactions of persons or animals in response to external or internal stimuli. (from American Heritage Dictionary, 4th ed)
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
A syndrome with excessively high INSULIN levels in the BLOOD. It may cause HYPOGLYCEMIA. Etiology of hyperinsulinism varies, including hypersecretion of a beta cell tumor (INSULINOMA); autoantibodies against insulin (INSULIN ANTIBODIES); defective insulin receptor (INSULIN RESISTANCE); or overuse of exogenous insulin or HYPOGLYCEMIC AGENTS.
KIDNEY injuries associated with diabetes mellitus and affecting KIDNEY GLOMERULUS; ARTERIOLES; KIDNEY TUBULES; and the interstitium. Clinical signs include persistent PROTEINURIA, from microalbuminuria progressing to ALBUMINURIA of greater than 300 mg/24 h, leading to reduced GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE and END-STAGE RENAL DISEASE.
Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
A diet prescribed in the treatment of diabetes mellitus, usually limited in the amount of sugar or readily available carbohydrate. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Any dummy medication or treatment. Although placebos originally were medicinal preparations having no specific pharmacological activity against a targeted condition, the concept has been extended to include treatments or procedures, especially those administered to control groups in clinical trials in order to provide baseline measurements for the experimental protocol.
The use of computers for designing and/or manufacturing of anything, including drugs, surgical procedures, orthotics, and prosthetics.
The presence of albumin in the urine, an indicator of KIDNEY DISEASES.
Criteria and standards used for the determination of the appropriateness of the inclusion of patients with specific conditions in proposed treatment plans and the criteria used for the inclusion of subjects in various clinical trials and other research protocols.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
The age, developmental stage, or period of life at which a disease or the initial symptoms or manifestations of a disease appear in an individual.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Works about pre-planned studies of the safety, efficacy, or optimum dosage schedule (if appropriate) of one or more diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques selected according to predetermined criteria of eligibility and observed for predefined evidence of favorable and unfavorable effects. This concept includes clinical trials conducted both in the U.S. and in other countries.
Specialized connective tissue composed of fat cells (ADIPOCYTES). It is the site of stored FATS, usually in the form of TRIGLYCERIDES. In mammals, there are two types of adipose tissue, the WHITE FAT and the BROWN FAT. Their relative distributions vary in different species with most adipose tissue being white.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
The use of humans as investigational subjects.
Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.
Poisonous animal secretions forming fluid mixtures of many different enzymes, toxins, and other substances. These substances are produced in specialized glands and secreted through specialized delivery systems (nematocysts, spines, fangs, etc.) for disabling prey or predator.
The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)
Insulin that has been modified so that the B-chain contains a LYSINE at position 28 instead of a PROLINE and a PROLINE at position 29 instead of a LYSINE. It is used to manage BLOOD GLUCOSE levels in patients with TYPE 2 DIABETES.
Studies comparing two or more treatments or interventions in which the subjects or patients, upon completion of the course of one treatment, are switched to another. In the case of two treatments, A and B, half the subjects are randomly allocated to receive these in the order A, B and half to receive them in the order B, A. A criticism of this design is that effects of the first treatment may carry over into the period when the second is given. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
The time frame after a meal or FOOD INTAKE.
A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.
A primary source of energy for living organisms. It is naturally occurring and is found in fruits and other parts of plants in its free state. It is used therapeutically in fluid and nutrient replacement.
Conditions or pathological processes associated with the disease of diabetes mellitus. Due to the impaired control of BLOOD GLUCOSE level in diabetic patients, pathological processes develop in numerous tissues and organs including the EYE, the KIDNEY, the BLOOD VESSELS, and the NERVE TISSUE.
Non-profit organizations concerned with various aspects of health, e.g., education, promotion, treatment, services, etc.
Organizations established by endowments with provision for future maintenance.
New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.
Groups of individuals whose putative ancestry is from native continental populations based on similarities in physical appearance.
A life-threatening complication of diabetes mellitus, primarily of TYPE 1 DIABETES MELLITUS with severe INSULIN deficiency and extreme HYPERGLYCEMIA. It is characterized by KETOSIS; DEHYDRATION; and depressed consciousness leading to COMA.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
An intermediate-acting INSULIN preparation with onset time of 2 hours and duration of 24 hours. It is produced by crystallizing ZINC-insulin-PROTAMINES at neutral pH 7. Thus it is called neutral protamine Hagedorn for inventor Hans Christian Hagedorn.
A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.
Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
Voluntary authorization, by a patient or research subject, with full comprehension of the risks involved, for diagnostic or investigative procedures, and for medical and surgical treatment.
A cluster of metabolic risk factors for CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES and TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS. The major components of metabolic syndrome X include excess ABDOMINAL FAT; atherogenic DYSLIPIDEMIA; HYPERTENSION; HYPERGLYCEMIA; INSULIN RESISTANCE; a proinflammatory state; and a prothrombotic (THROMBOSIS) state. (from AHA/NHLBI/ADA Conference Proceedings, Circulation 2004; 109:551-556)
Irregular microscopic structures consisting of cords of endocrine cells that are scattered throughout the PANCREAS among the exocrine acini. Each islet is surrounded by connective tissue fibers and penetrated by a network of capillaries. There are four major cell types. The most abundant beta cells (50-80%) secrete INSULIN. Alpha cells (5-20%) secrete GLUCAGON. PP cells (10-35%) secrete PANCREATIC POLYPEPTIDE. Delta cells (~5%) secrete SOMATOSTATIN.
Portable or implantable devices for infusion of insulin. Includes open-loop systems which may be patient-operated or controlled by a pre-set program and are designed for constant delivery of small quantities of insulin, increased during food ingestion, and closed-loop systems which deliver quantities of insulin automatically based on an electronic glucose sensor.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Africa.
An infant during the first month after birth.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Diabetes mellitus induced experimentally by administration of various diabetogenic agents or by PANCREATECTOMY.
Organizations representing specialized fields which are accepted as authoritative; may be non-governmental, university or an independent research organization, e.g., National Academy of Sciences, Brookings Institution, etc.
The state of PREGNANCY in women with DIABETES MELLITUS. This does not include either symptomatic diabetes or GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE induced by pregnancy (DIABETES, GESTATIONAL) which resolves at the end of pregnancy.
Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
Persons living in the United States of Mexican (MEXICAN AMERICANS), Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin. The concept does not include Brazilian Americans or Portuguese Americans.
Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.
The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).
Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.
Antibodies specific to INSULIN.
An operating division of the US Department of Health and Human Services. It is concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to health and medical research. Until 1995, it was an agency of the United States PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE.
A peptide of 36 or 37 amino acids that is derived from PROGLUCAGON and mainly produced by the INTESTINAL L CELLS. GLP-1(1-37 or 1-36) is further N-terminally truncated resulting in GLP-1(7-37) or GLP-1-(7-36) which can be amidated. These GLP-1 peptides are known to enhance glucose-dependent INSULIN release, suppress GLUCAGON release and gastric emptying, lower BLOOD GLUCOSE, and reduce food intake.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
The study, based on direct observation, use of statistical records, interviews, or experimental methods, of actual practices or the actual impact of practices or policies.
A single nucleotide variation in a genetic sequence that occurs at appreciable frequency in the population.
A variation of the PCR technique in which cDNA is made from RNA via reverse transcription. The resultant cDNA is then amplified using standard PCR protocols.
A generic term for fats and lipoids, the alcohol-ether-soluble constituents of protoplasm, which are insoluble in water. They comprise the fats, fatty oils, essential oils, waxes, phospholipids, glycolipids, sulfolipids, aminolipids, chromolipids (lipochromes), and fatty acids. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
Fats present in food, especially in animal products such as meat, meat products, butter, ghee. They are present in lower amounts in nuts, seeds, and avocados.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.
Experimentation on, or using the organs or tissues from, a human or other mammalian conceptus during the prenatal stage of development that is characterized by rapid morphological changes and the differentiation of basic structures. In humans, this includes the period from the time of fertilization to the end of the eighth week after fertilization.
The number of units (persons, animals, patients, specified circumstances, etc.) in a population to be studied. The sample size should be big enough to have a high likelihood of detecting a true difference between two groups. (From Wassertheil-Smoller, Biostatistics and Epidemiology, 1990, p95)
Individual members of North American ethnic groups with ancient historic ancestral origins in Asia.
Decrease in existing BODY WEIGHT.
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
Detailed account or statement or formal record of data resulting from empirical inquiry.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the southeastern and eastern areas of the Asian continent.
An amino sugar formed when glucose non-enzymatically reacts with the N-terminal amino group of proteins. The fructose moiety is derived from glucose by the "classical" Amadori rearrangement.
The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.
The administration of liquid medication or nutrients under the skin, usually over minutes or hours.
A subtype of striated muscle, attached by TENDONS to the SKELETON. Skeletal muscles are innervated and their movement can be consciously controlled. They are also called voluntary muscles.
A 29-amino acid pancreatic peptide derived from proglucagon which is also the precursor of intestinal GLUCAGON-LIKE PEPTIDES. Glucagon is secreted by PANCREATIC ALPHA CELLS and plays an important role in regulation of BLOOD GLUCOSE concentration, ketone metabolism, and several other biochemical and physiological processes. (From Gilman et al., Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 9th ed, p1511)
A 30-kDa COMPLEMENT C1Q-related protein, the most abundant gene product secreted by FAT CELLS of the white ADIPOSE TISSUE. Adiponectin modulates several physiological processes, such as metabolism of GLUCOSE and FATTY ACIDS, and immune responses. Decreased plasma adiponectin levels are associated with INSULIN RESISTANCE; TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS; OBESITY; and ATHEROSCLEROSIS.
The process by which the nature and meaning of sensory stimuli are recognized and interpreted.
Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases or dysfunction of the endocrine glands or demonstration of their physiological processes.
"The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.
Insulin that has been modified to contain an ASPARTIC ACID instead of a PROLINE at position 38 of the B-chain.
The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.
The circulation or wide dispersal of information.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is above certain standard of acceptable or desirable weight. In the scale of BODY MASS INDEX, overweight is defined as having a BMI of 25.0-29.9 kg/m2. Overweight may or may not be due to increases in body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE), hence overweight does not equal "over fat".
Experimentation on STEM CELLS and on the use of stem cells.
A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.
A latent susceptibility to disease at the genetic level, which may be activated under certain conditions.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Application of statistical procedures to analyze specific observed or assumed facts from a particular study.
The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.
Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.
FATTY ACIDS found in the plasma that are complexed with SERUM ALBUMIN for transport. These fatty acids are not in glycerol ester form.
The measurement around the body at the level of the ABDOMEN and just above the hip bone. The measurement is usually taken immediately after exhalation.
Precise and detailed plans for the study of a medical or biomedical problem and/or plans for a regimen of therapy.
Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. The concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.
Those characteristics that distinguish one SEX from the other. The primary sex characteristics are the OVARIES and TESTES and their related hormones. Secondary sex characteristics are those which are masculine or feminine but not directly related to reproduction.
Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.
The relative amounts of various components in the body, such as percentage of body fat.
Specifications and instructions applied to the software.
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein that catalyzes the alpha-decarboxylation of L-glutamic acid to form gamma-aminobutyric acid and carbon dioxide. The enzyme is found in bacteria and in invertebrate and vertebrate nervous systems. It is the rate-limiting enzyme in determining GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID levels in normal nervous tissues. The brain enzyme also acts on L-cysteate, L-cysteine sulfinate, and L-aspartate. EC
A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.
Voluntary cooperation of the patient in following a prescribed regimen.
The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.
The exchange or transmission of ideas, attitudes, or beliefs between individuals or groups.
Total number of calories taken in daily whether ingested or by parenteral routes.
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
A group of techniques developed to apply scientific methods and tools to solve the problems of DECISION MAKING in complex organizations and systems. Operations research searches for optimal solutions in situations of conflicting GOALS and makes use of mathematical models from which solutions for actual problems may be derived. (From Psychiatric Dictionary, 6th ed)
Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.
Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.
The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.
The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.
Performance of activities or tasks traditionally performed by professional health care providers. The concept includes care of oneself or one's family and friends.
The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.
Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.
Works about controlled studies which are planned and carried out by several cooperating institutions to assess certain variables and outcomes in specific patient populations, for example, a multicenter study of congenital anomalies in children.
An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE established in 1990 to "provide indexing, abstracting, translating, publishing, and other services leading to a more effective and timely dissemination of information on research, demonstration projects, and evaluations with respect to health care to public and private entities and individuals engaged in the improvement of health care delivery..." It supersedes the National Center for Health Services Research. The United States Agency for Health Care Policy and Research was renamed Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) under the Healthcare Research and Quality Act of 1999.
The transference of pancreatic islets within an individual, between individuals of the same species, or between individuals of different species.
Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.
The processes whereby the internal environment of an organism tends to remain balanced and stable.

Experimental production of infectious bovine keratoconjunctivitis: comparison of serological and immunological responses using pili fractions of Moraxella bovis. (1/10529)

The effect of vaccinating cattle and mice on the development of keratoconjunctivitis was studied. Cattle were vaccinated with whole cells, disrupted cells and pili fractions of three strains of Moraxella bovis. Mice were vaccinated with pili fractions of three strains. The resistance of all vaccinated animals was challenged with virulent cultures of M. bovis. In an attempt to correlate the response seen after vaccination and challenge with a pili fraction of M. bovis, vaccinated cattle and mice were grouped on the basis of signs of disease manifested and compared on the basis of serological responses. Serum samples were tested for antibodies by a gel diffusion precipitin test. A greater number of the sera of resistant cattle had antibodies to the homologous pili antigen than those of vaccinated nonresistant cattle. Cattle vaccinated with disrupted cells were not resistant to infectious bovine kerato-conjuctivitis and their sera lacked antibodies against the pili antigens. Vaccinated mice were more resistant to infectious bovine kerato-conjuctivitis and their sera lacked antibodies against the pili antigens. Vaccinated mice were more resistant to challenge exposure by homologous than heterologous cultures. A greater number of the sera of resistant mice had antibodies to pili antigens than nonresistant mice.  (+info)

A genetic model of substrate deprivation therapy for a glycosphingolipid storage disorder. (2/10529)

Inherited defects in the degradation of glycosphingolipids (GSLs) cause a group of severe diseases known as GSL storage disorders. There are currently no effective treatments for the majority of these disorders. We have explored a new treatment paradigm, substrate deprivation therapy, by constructing a genetic model in mice. Sandhoff's disease mice, which abnormally accumulate GSLs, were bred with mice that were blocked in their synthesis of GSLs. The mice with simultaneous defects in GSL synthesis and degradation no longer accumulated GSLs, had improved neurologic function, and had a much longer life span. However, these mice eventually developed a late-onset neurologic disease because of accumulation of another class of substrate, oligosaccharides. The results support the validity of the substrate deprivation therapy and also highlight some limitations.  (+info)

The changing criterion design. (3/10529)

This article describes and illustrates with two case studies a relatively novel form of the multiple-baseline design called the changing criterion design. It also presents the design's formal requirements, and suggests target behaviors and circumstances for which the design might be useful.  (+info)

Defining and analysing symptom palliation in cancer clinical trials: a deceptively difficult exercise. (4/10529)

The assessment of symptom palliation is an essential component of many treatment comparisons in clinical trials, yet an extensive literature search revealed no consensus as to its precise definition, which could embrace relief of symptoms, time to their onset, duration, degree, as well as symptom control and prevention. In an attempt to assess the importance of these aspects and to compare different methods of analysis, we used one symptom (cough) from a patient self-assessment questionnaire (the Rotterdam Symptom Checklist) in a large (>300 patient) multicentre randomized clinical trial (conducted by the Medical Research Council Lung Cancer Working Party) of palliative chemotherapy in small-cell lung cancer. The regimens compared were a two-drug regimen (2D) and a four-drug regimen (4D). No differences were seen between the regimens in time of onset of palliation or its duration. The degree of palliation was strongly related to the initial severity: 90% of the patients with moderate or severe cough at baseline reported improvement, compared with only 53% of those with mild cough. Analyses using different landmark time points gave conflicting results: the 4D regimen was superior at 1 month and at 3 months, whereas at 2 months the 2D regimen appeared superior. When improvement at any time up to 3 months was considered, the 4D regimen showed a significant benefit (4D 79%, 2D 60%, P = 0.02). These findings emphasize the need for caution in interpreting results, and the importance of working towards a standard definition of symptom palliation. The current lack of specified criteria makes analysis and interpretation of trial results difficult, and comparison across trials impossible. A standard definition of palliation for use in the analysis of clinical trials data is proposed, which takes into account aspects of onset, duration and degree of palliation, and symptom improvement, control and prevention.  (+info)

Making Medicaid managed care research relevant. (5/10529)

OBJECTIVE: To help researchers better understand Medicaid managed care and the kinds of research studies that will be both feasible and of value to policymakers and program staff. The article builds on our experience researching Medicaid managed care to provide insight for researchers who want to be policy relevant. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We draw four lessons from our work on Medicaid managed care in seven states. First, these are complex programs that differ substantially across states. Second, each program faces common challenges and issues. The need to address common design elements involving program eligibility, managed care and provider contracting, beneficiary enrollment, education, marketing, and administration and oversight provides a vehicle that researchers can use to help understand states and to provide them with relevant insight. Third, well-designed case studies can provide invaluable descriptive insights. Such case studies suggest that providing effective descriptions of state programs and experience, monitoring information on program performance and tradeoffs, and insight on implementation and design are all valuable products of such studies that have considerable potential to be converted into policy-actionable advice. And fourth, some questions demand impact studies but the structure of Medicaid managed care poses major barriers to such studies. CONCLUSIONS: Many challenges confront researchers seeking to develop policy-relevant research on managed care. Researchers need to confront these challenges in turn by developing second-best approaches that will provide timely insight into important questions in a relatively defensible and rigorous way in the face of many constraints. If researchers do not, others will, and researchers may find their contributions limited in important areas for policy debate.  (+info)

A simulation study of confounding in generalized linear models for air pollution epidemiology. (6/10529)

Confounding between the model covariates and causal variables (which may or may not be included as model covariates) is a well-known problem in regression models used in air pollution epidemiology. This problem is usually acknowledged but hardly ever investigated, especially in the context of generalized linear models. Using synthetic data sets, the present study shows how model overfit, underfit, and misfit in the presence of correlated causal variables in a Poisson regression model affect the estimated coefficients of the covariates and their confidence levels. The study also shows how this effect changes with the ranges of the covariates and the sample size. There is qualitative agreement between these study results and the corresponding expressions in the large-sample limit for the ordinary linear models. Confounding of covariates in an overfitted model (with covariates encompassing more than just the causal variables) does not bias the estimated coefficients but reduces their significance. The effect of model underfit (with some causal variables excluded as covariates) or misfit (with covariates encompassing only noncausal variables), on the other hand, leads to not only erroneous estimated coefficients, but a misguided confidence, represented by large t-values, that the estimated coefficients are significant. The results of this study indicate that models which use only one or two air quality variables, such as particulate matter [less than and equal to] 10 microm and sulfur dioxide, are probably unreliable, and that models containing several correlated and toxic or potentially toxic air quality variables should also be investigated in order to minimize the situation of model underfit or misfit.  (+info)

Variability in meta-analytic results concerning the value of cholesterol reduction in coronary heart disease: a meta-meta-analysis. (7/10529)

Despite official support for the efficacy of cholesterol reduction, considerable controversy exists, and meta-analyses of this topic have produced conflicting results. The authors assessed the variability of meta-analyses, evaluating the cardiovascular value of cholesterol reduction while attempting to explain the variability. Metaanalyses were identified by electronic search and citation tracking. Included were those conducted prior to 1995 that dealt with cholesterol reduction and total mortality, cardiovascular mortality, or nonfatal cardiovascular disease. In addition to extracting odds ratios for total mortality, cardiovascular mortality, and nonfatal cardiovascular disease, the authors encoded methodological variables, publication variables, and data concerning investigators' backgrounds. Twenty-three meta-analyses were reviewed, and 15 concluded that cholesterol reduction was beneficial. Summary odds ratios for total mortality were heterogeneous, generally failing to support the value of cholesterol reduction. Odds ratios depended on inclusion criteria and investigator variables. Odds ratios for cardiovascular mortality and for nonfatal cardiovascular disease were more homogeneous and supported the value of cholesterol reduction. Methodologically better meta-analyses tended to report more beneficial odds ratios. Although "supportiveness" of the value of cholesterol reduction was associated with inclusion/exclusion criteria and publication variables, the primary outcome variable related to supportiveness was the statistical significance of the odds ratios for cardiovascular mortality.  (+info)

Contralateral fracture of the proximal femur. Implications for planning trials. (8/10529)

In three consecutive years 462 patients over the age of 60 years presented at Waikato Hospital, Hamilton, New Zealand, with a fracture of the proximal femur. Within two years, 11 (2.4%) returned with a fracture of the contralateral femur. If the effectiveness of any form of treatment aiming at reducing the incidence of contralateral fracture were subjected to a trial, a sample size of 5000, randomly distributed equally between treatment and placebo groups, would be needed for the trial to have a power of 80% to detect a reduction.  (+info)

TY - JOUR. T1 - CureGN Study Rationale, Design, and Methods. T2 - Establishing a Large Prospective Observational Study of Glomerular Disease. AU - CureGN Consortium. AU - Mariani, Laura H.. AU - Bomback, Andrew S.. AU - Canetta, Pietro A.. AU - Flessner, Michael F.. AU - Helmuth, Margaret. AU - Hladunewich, Michelle A.. AU - Hogan, Jonathan J.. AU - Kiryluk, Krzysztof. AU - Nachman, Patrick H.. AU - Nast, Cynthia C.. AU - Rheault, Michelle N.. AU - Rizk, Dana V.. AU - Trachtman, Howard. AU - Wenderfer, Scott E.. AU - Bowers, Corinna. AU - Hill-Callahan, Peg. AU - Marasa, Maddalena. AU - Poulton, Caroline J.. AU - Revell, Adelaide. AU - Vento, Suzanne. AU - Barisoni, Laura. AU - Cattran, Dan. AU - DAgati, Vivette. AU - Jennette, J. Charles. AU - Klein, Jon B.. AU - Laurin, Louis Philippe. AU - Twombley, Katherine. AU - Falk, Ronald J.. AU - Gharavi, Ali G.. AU - Gillespie, Brenda W.. AU - Gipson, Debbie S.. AU - Greenbaum, Larry A.. AU - Holzman, Lawrence B.. AU - Kretzler, Matthias. AU - ...
Biomarker discovery studies have generated an array of omic data, however few novel biomarkers have reached clinical use. Guidelines for rigorous study designs are needed.. Biases frequently occur in sample selection, outcome ascertainment, or unblinded sample handling and assaying process. The principles of a prospective-specimen collection and retrospective-blinded-evaluation (PRoBE) design can be adapted to mitigate various sources of biases in discovery. We recommend establishing quality biospecimen repositories using matched two-phase designs to minimize biases and maximize efficiency. We also highlight the importance of taking the clinical context into consideration in both sample selection and power calculation for discovery studies.. Biomarker discovery research should follow rigorous design principles in sample se- lection to avoid biases. Consideration of clinical application and the corresponding biomarker performance characteristics in study designs will lead to a more fruitful ...
...AUGUSTA Ga. Researchers may have found why women have an edge in kee...Premenopausal women are known to have fewer problems with salt-sensiti...The reason appears to be related to female hormones and a new-found ro...Their finding points to the need for gender studies on how these endot...,Researchers,may,have,found,why,women,have,an,edge,on,salt-sensitive,hypertension,biological,biology news articles,biology news today,latest biology news,current biology news,biology newsletters
Appropriate designs chaplin ct appropriate designs is connecticut residential green design and build firm that has its roots in the age old master builder tradition in which the most competent appropriate designs the (c) appropriate designs all rights reserved designed and developed by quadsimia find age appropriate books for advanced readers some books for kids…
The COVID-19 pandemic has led to an unprecedented response in terms of clinical research activity. An important part of this research has been focused on randomized controlled clinical trials to evaluate potential therapies for COVID-19. The results from this research need to be obtained as rapidly as possible. This presents a number of challenges associated with considerable uncertainty over the natural history of the disease and the number and characteristics of patients affected, and the emergence of new potential therapies. These challenges make adaptive designs for clinical trials a particularly attractive option. Such designs allow a trial to be modified on the basis of interim analysis data or stopped as soon as sufficiently strong evidence has been observed to answer the research question, without compromising the trials scientific validity or integrity. In this paper we describe some of the adaptive design approaches that are available and discuss particular issues and challenges ...
The first step when planning a RCR is to formulate a series of research questions that are to be answered based on results of the study. Research questions should be logical, flowing from that which is known or believed to be true to that which is unknown and requires validation [5]. Research questions form the initial structure of the RCR and guide the study design and data analysis. It is important to spend adequate time carefully scripting and revising the research questions for the study.. There is no shortage of published advice on developing and refining research questions . We have selected one framework for the design and articulation of research questions to present here which we have found to be particularly useful. Though not mentioned elsewhere in this manuscript, we recommend Morgan and Harmon [6] to the reader as an additional reference in properly framing research questions. The framework presented here is a typology of research questions. Such questions generally fall into one of ...
The main trial will need to address the issues normally posed by randomised controlled trials, such as sample size, inclusion and exclusion criteria, and methods of randomisation, as well as the challenges of complex interventions. Individual randomisation may not always be feasible or appropriate. For example, cluster randomisation is often used for trials of interventions directed at a practice or hospital team. 10 11 Randomised incomplete block designs have also been used to evaluate different approaches to promoting change in professional behaviour.12. It is often not possible to conceal allocation of treatment from the patient, practitioner, and researcher in complex intervention trials. The potential biases of unblinded trials therefore have to be taken into account. Dissimilar levels of patient commitment between intervention and control groups may cause differential dropout, making interpretation of results difficult. When patients have strong preferences, a preference trial design may ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Making clinical trials more relevant. T2 - improving and validating the PRECIS tool for matching trial design decisions to trial purpose. AU - Loudon, Kirsty. AU - Zwarenstein, Merrick. AU - Sullivan, Frank. AU - Donnan, Peter. AU - Treweek, Shaun. N1 - Acknowledgments We would like to thank the Chief Scientist Office for grant CZH/4/773 to fund this work. The UK Medical Research Council and the University of Dundee co-fund Kirsty Loudons PhD.. PY - 2013/4/27. Y1 - 2013/4/27. N2 - BACKGROUND: If you want to know which of two or more healthcare interventions is most effective, the randomised controlled trial is the design of choice. Randomisation, however, does not itself promote the applicability of the results to situations other than the one in which the trial was done. A tool published in 2009, PRECIS (PRagmatic Explanatory Continuum Indicator Summaries) aimed to help trialists design trials that produced results matched to the aim of the trial, be that supporting clinical ...
Experimental Research - Group Designs. Population and Sample. Sampling. Sample should be representative of population How representative must a sample be? How does one recruit a representative sample? What is the rationale for the selection of a sample? Slideshow 379988 by amish
We see four potential barriers to adoption of clinically-integrated randomized trials: methodologic, technical, practical and regulatory. The methodologic issue is that. clinically-integrated randomized trials ask about the effectiveness of treatments in routine clinical practice. This is generally the domain of what are known as pragmatic trials, which cannot have the sort of rigorous controls associated with explanatory trials[23], such as blinding or careful outcome assessment (for example, in a diet trial, patients would weigh themselves). Instead, one would need to trust that there would not be important preferences - leading to bias - between different similar alternatives, and that the sort of large sample sizes possible with clinically-integrated trials - 10, 20 or 50 fold greater than with traditional trials - would offset any increase in variance associated with sub-optimal outcome assessment, or the possibility of cheating by a minority of participants with a vested interest in ...
We acknowledge that this is a single-case report reflecting one couples views on GA therapy and that these may not be shared by other parents in similar circumstances. Providing such a nuanced and detailed account of these parents reasoning precludes exhaustive review of ethical arguments surrounding GA, but these are well documented elsewhere.1 There is a clear need for further work to see whether our findings are replicated, and to consider the views of parents who choose not to access this treatment or who access it for different reasons. However, while the ethical considerations these parents thought important might not be ones other parents think matter, they are viewpoints that can be weighed in the balance and contribute to the quality of ethical argument. In this regard, we believe there are important insights to be gained from this report regarding how these parents characterise benefits and harms and their responsibilities as surrogate decision-makers.. One of these insights relates ...
Find great deals for The Analysis of Covariance and Alternatives: Statistical Methods for Experiments, Quasi-Experiments, and Single-Case Studies by Bradley Huitema (Hardback, 2011). Shop with confidence on eBay!
This thesis studies the presence of different nationalist themes in the rhetoric of The United Kingdom Independence Partys (UKIP) manifestos for general elections between 1997 and 2018 exploring how the rhetoric of UKIPs manifestos use various nationalist themes and the continuity and change in the presence of these themes over time. The theoretical approach for this thesis consists of a set of modernist and contemporary nationalist theories utilising primarily the works of John Breuilly, Benedict Andersson and Michael Billig. Drawing from these theoretical concepts, three main categories were created for the nationalist themes: Distinct people, distinct history and distinct interests. This thesis conducts a longitudinal, single-case content analysis, that employs mixed methods by qualitatively coding the manifestos using a deductive coding frame, and by counting the assigned codes and providing a quantitative analysis on the presence of nationalist themes in the manifestos. The main ...
Despite their available shop Optimal Design of of Blast against little production %, committee hazard is classified: 85 duty of soils required primary maker in the public exposure of OEF shielded too existing their general-purpose returns at the combat of event. While 41 shop Optimal Design of Control Systems: Stochastic and Deterministic Problems of needs could just sync whether or significantly they worked mitigating position RSC at the knowledge of work, 17 combat of results worked instituting cost OBJECTIVE while 26 marketplace of materials was Also. Despite the shop Optimal Design of Control Systems: Stochastic and of concerns and attacks against first and great site, BLPS, SPECS, and SWDG provisions of page phosphate are directly be against location features.
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Force-Detected NMR in a Homogeneous Field: Experiment Design, Apparatus, and Observations Madsen, Louis Albert (2002) Force-Detected NMR in a
Dobrobyt społeczno-ekonomiczny to pojęcie złożone, które nie ma w literaturze precyzyjnego i jednoznacznego określenia, stąd trudności jego pomiaru. Wielu polityków, ekonomistów, międzynarodowe instytucje i media próbują wykorzystywać produkt krajowy brutto, czy też dochód narodowy, jako miernik dobrobytu. Jest to podejście niewłaściwe, gdyż jeden i ten sam miernik nie może poprawnie charakteryzować dwóch różnych merytorycznie agregatów - produkcji i dobrobytu. W badaniach społeczno-ekonomicznych podejmowane są próby wprowadzenia alternatywnych, czy też komplementarnych w stosunku do PKB mierników dobrobytu. Trwają poszukiwania formuły, stąd pomiar dobrobytu społeczno-ekonomicznego jest otwartym problemem badawczym. Głównym celem referatu jest zaprezentowanie próby pomiaru dobrobytu społeczno-ekonomicznego z wykorzystaniem modelowania miękkiego. W pierwszej części referatu zaprezentowane będą rozważania na podstawie literatury o sposobach definiowania ...
We also offer long-term studies to evaluate the duration of protection (DOP) after vaccination. Duration trials can be run in parallel with field trials. Data from such studies are important to demonstrate to which extent the fish are protected throughout the production cycle.. We are sincerely dedicated to ensuring that trials involving fish are performed humanely and with a minimum of fish use. Our study directors can help optimize trial design to combine cost efficiency and ethical aspects with particular focus on adaptive trial design, whenever applicable.. For further information, please contact Marie Løvoll or Valentina Tapia. ...
The diversity of designs, definitions and methods in the current literature on FAs in general practice hampers comparison of their precision, validity and generalizability, and calls for cautious interpretation and adoption of a common, generally acceptable definition in future studies.
Iranian Journal of Epidemiology covers all different fields of epidemiology, as a multidisciplinary science. The journal publish original articles form all divisions of Epidemiology in its diverse contexts & its primary focus is on clinical medicine, public health, and health care delivery.
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies. ...
Given the values of the baseline hazard and odds ratio of the CDF at a grid of time points find the corresponding logged risk ratio.
Learn why machine learning beats correlation analysis and what is the difference in ranking factors impact on a specific URL vs a domain.
Whats on at Plymouth University: Going where no other researchers go: Collecting information from primary and secondary care notes of people with severe mental illness in England. A multi-site cross-sectional observational study. 19 September 2017.
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click Continue well assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you wont see this message again. Click Find out more for information on how to change your cookie settings ...
IMPs for immunotherapeutics require a different mindset, effective strategies, and meticulous planning, among other things, says KCR Trial Execution and Consulting.
What if policymakers, science reporters and even scientists cant distinguish between weak and trustworthy research studies that underlie our health care decisions?. Many studies of healthcare treatments and policies do not prove cause-and-effect relationships because they suffer from faulty research designs. The result is a pattern of mistakes and corrections: early studies of new treatments tend to show dramatic positive health effects, which diminish or disappear as more rigorous studies are conducted.. Indeed, when experts on research evidence do systematic reviews of research studies they commonly exclude 50%-75% because they do not meet basic research design standards required to yield trustworthy conclusions.. In many such studies researchers try to statistically manipulate data to adjust for irreconcilable differences between intervention and control groups. Yet it is these very differences that often create the reported, but invalid, effects of the treatments or policies that were ...
El presente documento expone algunas consideraciones teóricas y metodológicas para el desarrollo de un modelo de competencias críticas (MCC). Este se define como un conjunto de habilidades y conocimientos funcionalmente organizados que permiten alcanzar resultados medibles con consecuencias positivas para los objetivos estratégicos del negocio. Para el desarrollo de la propuesta, se abordaron planteamientos teóricos sobre el modelo clásico de competencias laborales, el modelo contemporáneo de competencias laborales y el modelo de competencia humana. la implementación del modelo contempla cinco pasos: 1) realizar un análisis del puesto considerando cuáles son las dimensiones o facetas que serán susceptibles de revisión; 2) identificar a las personas con los desempeños opuestos (los de desempeño superior y los de desempeño inferior); 3) identificar los incidentes críticos más relevantes al puesto; 4) desarrollar escalas de valoración de anclajes (eVA) y 5) validar las eVA ...
The mode-selection ability of coaxial gyrotron cavities with a longitudinally corrugated inner conductor is systematically examined, as regards powerful, c
|div class=section| |h2|Introduction|/h2| |/div| |div class=support-info section| |div class=grid_8_lg grid_8_md support-sect| |p|Originally discovered as a bacterial adaptive defense system, CRISPR-Cas9 uses antisense RNA rem
The insight briefing is based on Sociable Pharmas analysis of primary research with our IBD key opinion leaders (KOLs). In total, we conducted interviews with 10 KOLs -. ...
Not all research designs are concerned with generalising from a sample to a population of people. Qualitative studies use rich and deep description to inform our understanding of concepts and contribute to broader theoretical understanding. For example, Wilsons study of the experiences of older adults making the transition to life in a nursing home says nothing about the amount of experience or the probability of adjustment to a nursing home; instead, the author simply describes what that experience might be like.9 (See Evidence-Based Nursing 1998 Jul, p96.) On the basis of this description, the author proposes a 3 stage theory about the process of adjustment to a nursing home placement. What this means is that nurses should consider the possibility that these stages might need to be addressed with patients undergoing this transition. Good qualitative enquiry leads to theoretical generalisability rather than statistical inference.. Because we want to generalise about the shape or content of a ...
TY - GEN. T1 - Computer Analysis and Optimal Design of Mechine Elemennts. AU - Pedersen, Niels Leergaard. PY - 2015. Y1 - 2015. N2 - The subject machine elements is traditional a research field where standards have a significant influence on the design, i.e. the keyway in a shaft has a given shape and size dictated by a standard. This is important for the interaction between different elements produced at different locations, other examples of standardized components are bolts and gears. The standard designs are typically very good, many years of experience have gone into the design process. The design consists in most cases of straight lines and circular arches, not including e.g. the involute shape of gears. The standard cutting rack for the involute gear is however made from straight lines and circular arches. The optimization objective is strength and the focus is on fatigue. The designs are improved by lowering the stress concentrations that controls the strength. In the lecture the ...
van Heuvelen, MJG., Hochstenbach, JBM., Brouwer, WH., de Greef, MHG., Zijlstra, GAR., van Jaarsveld, E., Kempen, GIJM., van Sonderen, E., Ormel, J. & Mulder, T., Jun-2005, In : Aging Clinical and Experimental Research. 17, 3, p. 236-245 10 p.. Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › Academic › peer-review ...
Much biomedical research is observational. The reporting of such research is often inadequate, which hampers the assessment of its strengths and weaknesses and of a studys generalisability. The Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) initiative developed recommendations on what should be included in an accurate and complete report of an observational study. We defined the scope of the recommendations to cover three main study designs: cohort, case-control, and cross-sectional studies. We convened a 2-day workshop in September, 2004, with methodologists, researchers, and journal editors to draft a checklist of items. This list was subsequently revised during several meetings of the coordinating group and in e-mail discussions with the larger group of STROBE contributors, taking into account empirical evidence and methodological considerations. The workshop and the subsequent iterative process of consultation and revision resulted in a checklist of 22 items (the
CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): A B S T R A C T Much biomedical research is observational. The reporting of such research is often inadequate, which hampers the assessment of its strengths and weaknesses and of a studys generalisability. The Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) Initiative developed recommendations on what should be included in an accurate and complete report of an observational study. We defined the scope of the recommendations to cover three main study designs: cohort, case-control, and cross-sectional studies. We convened a 2-day workshop in September 2004, with methodologists, researchers, and journal editors to draft a checklist of items. This list was subsequently revised during several meetings of the coordinating group and in e-mail discussions with the larger group of STROBE contributors, taking into account empirical evidence and methodological considerations. The workshop and the subsequent
Introduction to Research by Elizabeth DePoy; Laura N. Gitlin Bridge the gap between research and practice with DePoy and Gitlins Introduction to Research: Understanding and Applying Multiple Strategies, 4th Edition. This completely updated, user-friendly text helps you better understand not only the research process, but also research designs and their applications to the real world of clinical practice. Covering multiple research strategies (including both qualitative and quantitative research), it gives you a balanced approach to various research traditions, addressing the key issues that are emerging in todays health care environment. Case examples provide real-life snapshots of what it is like to participate in different types of research processes, identify research dilemmas relevant to chapter subjects, and alert you to problems you might encounter. Authors make the topics more accessible, so research becomes more relevant - and topics come to life. Covers experimental-type, ...
The focus is on statistical concepts and techniques that play a role in summarizing and describing observed variables and relationships between variables, as well as generalizing the results for a larger group of people than the observed group. The first theme of this course is to summarize the observed data. The second theme is the testing concept. The third theme pertains to various basic statistical techniques that are used to analyse observed data.. Course code and title: EPH2008 and EPH2009: Statistics Trajectory. Coordinator: Dr. Valeria Lima Passos. Contents: The Methodology, Epidemiology and Statistics horizontal trajectories (MES) focus on methodological aspects involved in planning, conducting and interpreting empirical, quantitative research. They are meant to familiarize students with the mentality of working with problems, of developing a framework for thinking patterns and strategies for problem solving. In the statistical part students will learn to integrate statistical elements ...
NEET 2018: The NEET common entrance examination started in 2013 to end multiple entrance examinations for admissions to undergraduate MBBS and BDS courses.
Experimental Mechanics in Nano and Biotechnology: Experimental Research on Failure Mechanism of a CVI-Fabricated Ceramic Matrix Composite under Compression
The scientists singled out a messenger RNA (mRNA) in their research because it allows the production of two proteins needed for viral propagation. Production of the second protein requires the mRNA to undergo the process of splicing, in which two remote sites of the long molecule join together, while the intervening segment is discarded. We look at one of the splicing sites as a potential switch, said Turner. If we can inactivate the switch to prevent the two sites from coming together, we can stop the virus from spreading.. The scientists analyzed data from the sequencing of the influenza genome, which is available on a government database, in order to construct a 2-D rendering of the RNA molecule. By using a combination of computational and biochemical tools, they found that one of the splicing sites-referred to as 3-exists in either an exposed hairpin loop or a difficult-to-access pseudoknot. The scientists concluded that there are two ways to prevent splicing of the RNA strands. One ...
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In line with our fields goals of improving openness, methodological rigor, and reproducibility of science, graphical descriptives (GDs) - the visualization of research data - can be used in the research process and eventually be …
Many researchers favor repeated measures designs because they allow the detection of within-person change over time and typically have higher statistical power than cross-sectional designs. However, the plethora of inputs needed for repeated measures designs can make sample size selection, a critical step in designing a successful study, difficult. Using a dental pain study as a driving example, we provide guidance for selecting an appropriate sample size for testing a time by treatment interaction for studies with repeated measures. We describe how to (1) gather the required inputs for the sample size calculation, (2) choose appropriate software to perform the calculation, and (3) address practical considerations such as missing data, multiple aims, and continuous covariates.
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Then a new row was added to the table. All the cells in this row were merged and a rectangle added to this row. Then a few textboxes were added to this rectange. Now when this report is run, the display of the table is disturbed. An empty column in shown before the last column and the header of the last column also appears displaced ...
Have a research protocol youd like to share with other researchers? You might have seen the announcement that the University of California system has a three-year premium subscription for, a platform for collaborative research and an open repository of research protocols. One of the benefits of this pilot is a service offered by to import and format an existing protocol for you. Heres how it works: Send the protocol you wish to … Read more. ...
The objectives of this code are: to ensure the appropriate design, proper installation and safe operation and use of new equipment, processes, projects and related products being transferred to developing countries; to provide the means of analysing, from the standpoint of safety and health and conditions of work, existing technologies imported by developing countries and of modifying them to remove the hazards discovered by the analyses; to provide guidance in the setting up of administrative, legal and educational frameworks within which preventive and remedial measures can be implemented ...
I agree to the potential problems you mentioned about experimental design. But I can assure you all those problems (known as confounding(s)) are well known to researchers. But sometimes corners are cut because of convenience or sloppiness. One major criterion of scientific data is reliability, which in laymans term means the data must be replicable by other researchers. Because it is rare that multiple groups of researchers commit the same set of confoundings/experimental errors, so if data of all researchers converge (i.e, produce a similar pattern of results), we can be assured potential confoundings either do not exist or are irrelevant. The father of cloning in Korea got caught of fabricating data because other researchers could not replicate his data. -TT ...
Objective: To study the effect of low and middle intensity shooting on community patients with hypertension. Methods: Research methods including lite..
Lebanidze, Bidzina (2020). "Research design". Russia, EU and the Post-Soviet Democratic Failure. Vergleichende ... These claims were refuted by the chairman of the Azerbaijan-based Center for Social Research, MP Zahid Oruj. According to BBC ...
Roof, W. C. (2011). Research design. In Stausberg, M., & Engler, S. (Eds.). The Routledge handbook of research methods in the ... In 2013-14, Landres chaired the research team and co-authored five of Jumpstart's six Connected to Give reports, which "map[ped ... As the co-founder of Jumpstart, a nonprofit philanthropic research organization, he has worked with the White House on Jewish ... described as a model for research on locally focused giving A co-founder (with Rabbi Lawrence A. Hoffman) of Synagogue 3000's ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Mruk, Frank (6 February 2013). "After Sandy?" (PDF). Swedish Design Research Journal. ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Mruk, Frank (2 February 2013). "After Sandy" (PDF). Design Research. #2.13 (Destination ... His research explores the nature of strategy in the creative pursuit of competitive advantage and innovation. He is the ... He has taught at the School of Visual Arts, the Rhode Island School of Design, Roger Williams University, the Parsons School of ...
Architecture and Design of Information Systems for Companies. Data Bases. Information security. Information Management. ... Experimental research; Marketing; Consulting; Operational and Maintenance. Information Science and Programming. High Level ... 080801 - Applied computer science in economics 351400 - Applied computer science Organization and management; Project design; ...
Smith, E. R. (2000). "Research design". In Reis, H. T.; Judd, C. M. (eds.). Handbook of research methods in social and ... Campbell, D. T.; Stanley, J. C. (1966). Experimental and quasi-experimental designs for research. Chicago: Rand McNally. Crano ... One way to minimize the influence of artifacts is to use a pretest-posttest control group design. Within this design, "groups ... Brewer, M. B. (2000). "Research design and issues of validity". In Reis, H. T.; Judd, C. M. (eds.). Handbook of url=https:// ...
Dawson, Adrienne (Feb 28, 2019). "Design, Meet Research". UT News. van Wagtendonk, Anya (April 10, 2015). "How and why you ... This research has received international attention. Bock's research focuses on visual journalists, photojournalism, and how the ... Visual Communication Theory and Research discusses visual communication research in digital media and news, looking at a ... Bock also produced research on beauty standards for women in the public eye, as news anchors on broadcast television, which ...
Operetta Research Center. DeLySh Design. Retrieved 2008-12-02. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)[permanent dead link] " ... Operetta Research Center". Operetta Research Center. Retrieved 12 January 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Gänzl, ... Kurt (7 August 2015). "L'OEIL CREVÉ: Folie musicale in 3 acts by Hervé". Operetta Research Center. "Chilpéric renaît à Angers ...
Swan, Ciarán (2008-03-28). "Design and change: The Oireachtas Harp and an historical heritage". Design Research Group. ... Various designs for the Free State Great Seal, created in pen and ink by A. McGoogan in 1923, Hugh Kennedy Papers, UCD archives ... The external seal, designed by Percy Metcalfe, had on its reverse the same harp image as the 1925 "internal" seal. It was ... Regarding the design of the Great Seal, an approach was made by Hugh Kennedy, the Attorney General, to Thomas Sadleir, ...
"Professor Mark Burry". Design Research Institute. RMIT University. Archived from the original on 27 November 2012. Retrieved 3 ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Design Research Institute Spatial Information Architecture Laboratory La Sagrada ... Officer of the Order of Australia, 2018 Federation Fellowship, Australian Research Council, 2006 Award for Innovative Research ... digital architecture and design computing. He is a member of the Architectural Design editorial board. The Innovation ...
Internet sentiment research; infographic design; locouture (local fashion); crowd-sourced new products combat drones; data ...
"Tsui Design & Research". Retrieved 3 March 2015. Michelle Locke, "Love It or Loathe It: Berkeley Architect's Design a Sea ... Tsui Design and Research Inc., began development in 1991 and its final phase of construction completed in 1998; the design ... Tsui Design and Research Eugene Tssui Lecture Series. TELOS: The Fantastic World of Eugene Tssui Project Telos: Aligning with ... Eugene Tsui Bio at Tsui Design & Research, Inc. Kushner, Eve (May 2007). "Towering Vision". The Monthly. Tssui, Eugene (2002). ...
"Marketing Research Design". 8 July 2008. Retrieved 29 October 2015. "What is experiment? Definition and meaning". Retrieved 28 ... "Marketing Research Design". Slide Share. 8 July 2011. Retrieved 29 October 2015. "Methodology , Marketing Experiments". ... Marketing Research - Primary Research: Experiments"] Check ,url= value (help). YouTube. Retrieved 28 October 2015. Keller, ... Marketing experimentation is a research method which can be defined as "the act of conducting such an investigation or test". ...
Katrine Lotz (2007). "'Architectural Gaits' - Architectures as Technologies and Techniques". Nordic Design Research. Retrieved ... Later that year Kahn was chosen to design the Salk Institute, and in 1962 he was selected to design the National Assembly ... while the Richards Medical Research Laboratories were designed to reinforce group cooperation. Goldhagen says that it was with ... The panels were designed not only for visual effect but also to correct a problem of sound reverberating from the concrete ...
Architectural Design Research. RMIT University Press. 2: 37-96. ISSN 1448-9007. - Goodwin, Richard (2008). "Porosity: mapping ... The Australian Research Council (ARC)'s prestigious Discovery Grant was awarded to Goodwin in 2002. The research project argued ... architect and professor of Fine Arts and Design at the University of New South Wales School of Art and Design. Goodwin is the ... The outcome of the research opened up an entire new chapter in the way the fabric of the city is viewed by civic authorities. ...
Heritage Archaeology, Canberra (Jennifer Tracey and Michael Tracey) (1999). Research Design Proposal. Heritage Office (HO) and ... "Polite" residential design as opposed to vernacular design does not appear to have begun in recognisable form until the 1860s. ... This is also evident in the quality of the remnant internal cedar joinery, the design of the principle elevations, the use of ... The introduction of architectural concepts and design by recognised architects such as Thomas Rowe, John Horbury Hunt, Howard ...
"Questionnaire design". Pew Research Center. 2015-01-29. Retrieved 2017-11-18. Bova, Christopher S.; Aswani, Shankar; Farthing, ... These studies also call into question earlier research that investigated response bias on the basis of their research ... For example, research has found that those from the Middle East and Latin America are more prone to be affected by extremity ... His research points to the idea that participants enter a certain type of social interaction when engaging in an experiment, ...
Design Research Society. Retrieved January 14, 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Rowena Kostellow, 88; Taught ... Austin Center for Design. Retrieved January 14, 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Glueck, Grace (July 9, 2004). " ... Her husband stated that their teaching approach on industrial design "drew on modern scientific methods that supported self- ... expression as well as design for industry". As a result of her accomplishments in industrial design, she was named program ...
Planning: Research: Design". Studies in Conservation. 18 (3): 113-130. doi:10.2307/1505654. JSTOR 1505654. "Agreement ... The design of Borobudur took the form of a step pyramid. Previously, the prehistoric Austronesian megalithic culture in ... Without the inner spaces seen in other temples, and with a general design similar to the shape of pyramid, Borobudur was first ... The images depicted on bas-relief often served as reference for historians to research for certain subjects, such as the study ...
Statistical Design for Research. New York: Wiley. 1987. ISBN 978-0471083597. Kish, Leslie (1965), Survey Sampling, New York: ... At the Survey Research center of the Institute of Social Research at the University of Michigan, he has been a leader in many ... He moved to the University of Michigan as a member of the newly created Survey Research Center, which in 1949 became a unit of ... Institute of Social Research, Organizations and Activities, and Personal and Professional Correspondence".. ...
Research in Engineering Design. 17 (4): 207-231. CiteSeerX doi:10.1007/s00163-007-0027-9. ISSN 0934-9839. ... Research in Engineering Design. 17 (4): 207. CiteSeerX doi:10.1007/s00163-007-0027-9. S2CID 15614704.. ... thus taking on the desired shape of designed tooling. In general, advantages of MMM over other production techniques include, ... "Incorporating manufacturability considerations during design of injection molded multi-material objects". ...
Journal of Interior Design and Research, Vol. 6, No. 2, pp. 33-42 Bullen, P., Love, P. 2011, 'Factors influencing the adaptive ... Journal of Design Research. 11 (3): 225. doi:10.1504/jdr.2013.056589. ISSN 1748-3050. Aigwi, I. E., Egbelakin, T., & Ingham, J ... Progress of design, site visits and evaluation are some of the basic actions that the architect performs under this contract. ... The U value of walls should not be more than 0.06 when winter design temperatures are less than 10 °F (−12 °C). This can be ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "RESOURCES: The Healthcare Design Research Alliance" (pdf). Retrieved 27 August 2010. ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Madigan, MJ (October 1996). "Healthcare Design Research Alliance". Interiors. Scopel, ... In 1991 Thompson founded the Healthcare Design Research Alliance, a consortium of the 10 or more of largest manufacturers of ... Interior Design, Contract Design and Interiors and internationally. She has been a professional member of the International ...
News).(The Economist Group)(Brief Article) - Design Week , HighBeam Research". Archived from the original on ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Lexus brand in Meta's hands.(Brief Article) - Design Week , HighBeam Research". www. ... "AIGA Design Archives". Retrieved 2015-09-02. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "The Economist to ... MetaDesign is an international design consultancy known for branding and brand strategy, founded by Erik Spiekermann, Uli Mayer ...
Environmental Design & Research Center. p. 78. ISBN 0-915250-38-1. McDermott, Meaghan (November 27, 2010). "Fatal 1978 Holiday ... not by fire and that they were unable to escape because the floor-to-ceiling windows at the back of each room were not designed ...
"Case Studies in Coordination Activities and Problems in Collaborative Design" (PDF). Research in Engineering Design. 9 (2): 70- ... Palmer (2014) researched knowledge worker productivity and work patterns. Part of this research has involved the analysis of ... This can also be related with market and research. Davenport (2005) says that even if knowledge workers are not a majority of ... But despite the amount of research and literature on knowledge work, there is no succinct definition of the term. Mosco and ...
Heppner, P. Paul; Wampold, Bruce; Owen, Jesse; Thompson, Mindi; Wang, Kenneth (2016). Research Design in Counseling. Boston, MA ... "The Science of Self-Report". Northrup, David A. (Fall 1996). "The Problem of the Self-Report In Survey Research". 11 (3). ... 2006). "Self-Report Study". The SAGE Dictionary of Social Research Methods. Orkin, Stuart; Fisher, David; Look, Thomas; Lux, ... Robins, Richard; Fraley, Chris; Krueger, Robert (2007). Handbook of Research Methods in Personality Psychology. The Guilford ...
"Delivery by Design". Scott Polar Research Institute. Retrieved 1 February 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Life ... He also designed record sleeves, logos and posters, and illustrated books. In the 1950s, he designed the logo of the European ... Their complaint led in part to the Machin design which replaced it. His own stamp designs include these for the United ... A number of Goaman's original design drafts and preliminary sketches are held by The Postal Museum in London, and the Museum of ...
Design Research, 3, 009. Craft, V. H. Academy of Visual Arts Bachelor ofArts (Hons) in VisualArts Programme. History & Theory, ...
Yuval Elovici Design research and Design Research Lab (since 2010) at Berlin University of the Arts by Prof. Gesche Joost Data ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Design Research Lab , University of the Arts Berlin". ... Sebastian Möller Interaction Design and Media (2008 - 2010) by Prof. Gesche Joost (since 2010 professor in Design Research at ... T-Labs current research areas are: Future Networks & AI, Spatial Computing and Decentralized Systems. T-Labs were founded in ...
Product design in less industrialized economies: constraints and opportunities in Kenya. Research in Engineering Design. Volume ...
Promising research[edit]. Most research in HEG has focused on disorders of the prefrontal cortex (PFC), the cortical region ... adapted Toomim's system for migraines in 2002 by integrating peripheral thermal biofeedback into the design. Since then, both ... Research with PIR has focused almost exclusively on alleviating tension headaches and migraines. A four-year study of 100 ... Notable about this research is that the improvements persisted eighteen months post-treatment, allowing the patient to greatly ...
Medium-sized research projects co-funded by the European Commission in FP6 and FP7. These projects are "designed to strengthen ... Specific Targeted Research Projects (STReP) *Medium-sized research projects funded by the European Commission in the FP6 and ... An NoE project should not strictly be considered as a research project, since its aim is not to conduct research, but rather to ... Conducting European research policies and implementing European research programmes is an obligation under the Amsterdam Treaty ...
Signals Research and Development Establishment. *Director-General Research Electronics *Services Electronics Research ... Office of the Chief Scientist (Royal Navy) also Deputy Controller Research and Development Establishments, and Research A * ... Department of Material Research (Naval). *Director-General Establishments, Resources and Programmes A *Admiralty Engineering ... Director Warship Design. *Directorate of Naval Construction. *Marine Engineering Directorate. *Naval Equipment Division ...
Label directions are designed to maximize the effectiveness of the product, while protecting the applicator, consumers, and the ... On April 22, 2016, the Office of Inspector General issued a memorandum announcing its intent to begin preliminary research to ... as wartime research and development produced many chemicals with newly discovered insecticidal properties.[4] Widespread usage ...
Design Patent[edit]. The patent for a cucumber sandwich should be listed under design patents as an unusual example. ... Using an asterisk against his name is original research and defamatory (see also our policy on biographies of living persons). ... We have become aware of your contributions thanks to research undertaken by Bobo.03 at the University of Minnesota.. You might ...
AP-X - designed by Air Products & Chemicals, Inc. (APCI). *AP-SMR (Single Mixed Refrigerant) - designed by Air Products & ... Research from Global Energy Monitor in 2019 warned that up to US$1.3 trillion in new LNG export and import infrastructure ... PRICO (SMR) - designed by Black & Veatch. *AP-DMR (Dual Mixed Refrigerant) - designed by Air Products & Chemicals, Inc. (APCI) ... AP-N (Nitrogen Refrigerant) - designed by Air Products & Chemicals, Inc. (APCI). *MFC (mixed fluid cascade) - designed by Linde ...
a b Lange, C. M. & Sletten, S. J. (2002, February). Alternative education: A brief history and research synthesis (Project ... During the Open Schools movement of the 1970s, several ideas designed to influence public education were put into practice, ... After studying the physical environment of the planet Mars, they are now designing a suitable Martian community. ...
For turbo codes, an interleaver is an integral component and its proper design is crucial for good performance.[12][15] The ... After years of research, some advanced ECC systems nowadays come very close to the theoretical maximum. ... The maximum fractions of errors or of missing bits that can be corrected is determined by the design of the ECC code, so ... This upper bound given by Shannon's work set up a long journey in designing ECCs that can go close to the ultimate performance ...
This research shows that the brain stem does in fact play a role in eating. ... and lorikeets amongst others have specially adapted brushy tongues and in many cases bills designed to fit co-adapted flowers.[ ... The brain stem's involvement of food intake has been researched using rats. Rats that have had the motor neurons in the brain ...
Statements consisting only of original research should be removed. (December 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template ... whose red lotus design Astor called "unfortunate"), and Batchelder tiles. Moorcrest, which has since undergone a multimillion- ... This article possibly contains original research. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations. ...
John Diebold (1946) Author of the book Automation (1954); established DiBold Group in 1961 designed and installed the first ... research vessels, and other types of vessels.[citation needed] ... and Marine Engineer who revolutionized propeller design; 50- ...
These studies tend to have a variety of problems, such as small samples, various biases, poor research design, lack of controls ... Use of health and research resources. Research into alternative therapies has been criticized for "...diverting research time, ... Research into alternative therapies often fails to follow proper research protocols (such as placebo-controlled trials, blind ... Some have proposed adopting a prize system to reward medical research.[131] However, public funding for research exists. In the ...
Research has indicated that when individuals who have been in competition for a period of time no longer trust one another, the ... The implications of the tit-for-tat strategy have been of relevance to conflict research, resolution and many aspects of ... The optimal threshold values of this strategy are still the subject of research. ... Mechanism design. *Bargaining problem. *Stochastic game. *n-player game. *Large Poisson game ...
Parts designed specifically for R-410A must be used, as R-410A operates at higher pressures than other refrigerants.[8] R-410A ... use in commercial air conditioning systems-especially when flammability is considered-though many companies were researching ...
Although my brother had a variant of it and I had already done a lot of research into it, I consulted a neurologist to make ... starring Alice Coote and designed by Es Devlin. ... Javier Bardem also did his own research and visited a clinic ... In an interview at Berlinale, Potter described the research process involved in providing an accurate and sensitive portrayal ...
Recent research in the field of traditional ecological knowledge finds that for over one hundred centuries, Native American ... This idea differs significantly from some recent permaculture practice that focuses on permaculture design, which may involve ... Research Signpost. ISBN 81-308-0111-6. . Retrieved 6 March 2011.. CS1 maint: location (link). ... Indian agriculturist Subhash Palekar has researched and written extensively on this method. ...
... citing research from 2009) indicates that execution may have accounted for as much as 60% of the total, with 23,745 mass graves ... a move that allowed Pol Pot to focus on the war effort and which was perhaps also designed to improve the Khmer Rouge's image.[ ...
Resulting information can be used to build biological models, design experiments, or get up to speed in an area of research. ... and is one of several tools for systems biology researchers and bioinformaticians in drug discovery and institutional research ...
It is the most often accented clave stroke in my research material. Accenting it identifies the three-side of the clave.[32] ... "We find that all its melodic design is constructed on a rhythmic pattern of two measures, as though both were only one, the ... Going only slightly into the rhythmic structure of our music we find that all its melodic design is constructed on a rhythmic ... a Research Professor of Computer Science, has published a book and several papers on the mathematical analysis of clave and ...
"Elvis' Custom-Designed Planes Will Remain at Graceland". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on August 22, 2017. ... Jude Children's Research Hospital. *St. Mary's Episcopal Cathedral. *Shelby Farms. *Stax Museum ... Constructed at the top of a hill, in a grove of oaks, with rolling pastures surrounding, the house designed by Memphis ... The sitting area has a floor-to-ceiling shatterproof window designed to watch the many racquetball games that took place there ...
The department is designed as a regional perinatal center for high risk pregnancies. The 56-bed Neonatal Intensive Care Unit ... The research achievements from the Institute received both praise and criticism. The works have raised some concerns about ... Founded in 1995, the Institute provides fertility treatment to patients as well as conducting research in the field. It is one ... The Institute has been the pioneer in fertility research. Dr. Jacques Cohen, an embryologist of the Institute, discovered a ...
An important landmark was the establishment of the Seminario de Estudos Galegos in 1923, devoted to research and study of ... from greater self-government for Galicia within the Spanish political setup to total political independence from Spain designed ...
"Jülich Research Centre. 7 March 2014. Retrieved 2015-04-14.. *^ Tse, VCK; Kalani, MYS; Adler, JR (2015). "Techniques of ... PET scanners designed specifically for imaging rodents, often referred to as microPET, as well as scanners for small primates, ... A Vital Legacy: Biological and Environmental Research in the Atomic Age, U.S. Department of Energy, The Office of Biological ... PET is both a medical and research tool. It is used heavily in clinical oncology (medical imaging of tumours and the search for ...
Thus, leaf design may involve compromise between carbon gain, thermoregulation and water loss on the one hand, and the cost of ... "Australian Pea-flowered Legume Research Group. Retrieved 9 March 2017.. *. Kranz, Laura. "The Vein Patterns of Leaves" ( ... Advanced Materials Research. 1141: 57-64. doi:10.4028/ ...
Illustrations and logo design for Everybody Loves a Happy Ending, the sixth studio album by British pop rock/new wave band ... Art research institutes. *RKD Artists (Netherlands). *Artist Names (Getty). Other. *Faceted Application of Subject Terminology ... In the theatre, in February 1969 he designed the graphics for controversial Jane Arden play Vagina Rex and the Gas Oven at the ... A retrospective Alan Aldridge - the Man with the Kaleidoscope Eyes featured at the Design Museum in London from 10 October 2008 ...
This research project and the architectural projects that stem from it, both built and unbuilt ones, formed the basis of the ... and have designed and built residences and parks, including the Reversible Destiny Lofts, Bioscleave House, and the Site of ... Beginning in 1963, he collaborated with fellow artist, architect and poet Madeline Gins on the research project The Mechanism ... "Couple's Dreams of Immortality at Death's Door, Thanks to Madoff: Artists Who Design Homes to Prolong Life Lost Their Life ...
Vincent W. Fallio (2006). New Developments in Consciousness Research. New York, United States: Nova Publishers. ISBN 1-60021- ... The earliest explanation, by the prehistorian Abbe Breuil, interpreted the paintings as a form of magic designed to ensure a ... New research suggests that the extinction of the woolly mammoth may have been caused by the combined effect of climatic change ... Recent research indicates that the Neanderthals timed their hunts and the migrations of game animals long before the beginning ...
"Nytt fakultet for kunst, musikk og design fra 1. januar 2017". Universitetet i Bergen (in Norwegian Bokmål). Retrieved 2017-10- ... Founded by Wilhelm Frimann Christie and Jacob Neumann, the museum became a venue for both research and education specialized on ... The Faculty of Law was established as a separate faculty in 1980, with legal studies and research having been conducted at the ... Bergen would eventually become a city with several arenas for higher education and research with the Geophysical Institute ...
"Institute for Digital Research and Education. University of California, Los Angeles. Retrieved 7 February 2016.. ... in software engineering, type of faults: specification faults, design faults, and code faults ... Subsequent research has given meaning to this assertion, but given his attempts to invoke scale type ideas it is doubtful if he ... However, the rise of qualitative research has made this usage confusing. If numbers are assigned as labels in nominal ...
"The A-B-Cs of Sun Synchronous Orbit Design" (PDF). Space Flight Mechanics Conference. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007 ... "Cosmic Research. 37 (4): 393-403. Bibcode:1999KosIs..37..417S.. .mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser- ...
Faste, T., & Faste, H. (2012). "Demystifying design research: design is not research, research is design". In IDSA Education ... Design research was originally constituted as primarily research into the process of design, developing from work in design ... and Research in Engineering Design in 1989. The development of design research has led to the establishment of design as a ... Design Computing and Cognition, Design and Emotion, the European Academy, the Asian Design Conferences, etc. Design research ...
"Research Guides: Organizing Academic Research Papers: Types of Research Designs". Retrieved 2020-10-28 ... Nonetheless, the list below offers a number of useful distinctions between possible research designs. A research design is an ... The researcher has an advantage of minimizing resources in experimental research designs. Non-experimental research designs do ... A research design is a framework that has been created to find answers to research questions. There are many ways to classify ...
Design Research Headquarters at Great Buildings: photos, plans, bibliography from ArchitectureWeek.. *Design Research ... "Design Research: Marketing Good design in the 50s, 60s, and 70s", Master of Arts thesis at Parsons The New School for Design ... "Design Research: Marketing Good design in the 50s, 60s, and 70s", Master of Arts thesis at Parsons The New School for Design ... a b Rob Forbes, "Foreword: Whos Your Daddy?" in Jane Thompson and Alexandra Lange, Design Research: The Store That Brought ...
Engineer a growing family of products, develop an international business, and design a global brand. ... Research & Design. Our Research & Design team crafts delightful experiences that make peoples lives easier. Were a close-knit ... collaborative group, guided by a highly iterative user-centered design process. Combining research, data, and thoughtful ...
Suitable topics range from methodological issues in design ... ... state of the art research on foundational issues in design and ... Suitable topics range from methodological issues in design research to philosophical reflections on the specificities of design ... In terms of design work, it ranges from conceptual issues in design through design experiments and prototypes to evaluative ... The goal of the series is to provide a platform for publishing state of the art research on foundational issues in design and ...
Researchers at Microsoft are collaborating with leading HIV scientific centers to bring together research expertise and cutting ...
Navigation for Research Home. Navigation for Research Home. Capabilities and Services▼. *Assessment Development and Analysis ... ETS Research Forum: John Sabatini & Tenaha OReilly. Watch a presentation from ETSs R&D Forum about the Reading for ... What is GISA Design?. The term "GISA," which stands for Global, Integrated, Scenario-based Assessments represents the ... GISA designs include test items that attempt to gauge the impact performance moderators could have on readers performance. For ...
Research Area. Human-computer interaction Redefining human experience through design, technology and hardware innovation ... It wasnt just Microsoft Research. But having a conversation about how to design this keyboard. And I remember asking, has ... Microsoft Research Podcast An ongoing series of conversations bringing you right up to the cutting edge of Microsoft Research. ... It is designed using familiar design paradigms found in commercial music production software, which have been adapted to work ...
You will create a mental map of your research interests, as well as a chronological plan for how and when to fit a variety of ... This workshop will help you create a strategic plan for your research career towards meeting tenure, promotion, and other ... research funding opportunities into the arc of your career.. February 25, 2020. 12pm - 1pm. Henley Board Room, Mosher ...
UW is an initiative of the Office of Research and CoMotion at the University of Washington in urban research and practice ... Research Beyond UW , University of Virginia. Community Design Research Center. The Community Design Research Center (CDRC), led ... Center for Environmental Design Research. The Center for Environmental Design Research (CEDR) fosters research in environmental ... Center for Design & Health. The Center for Design and Health pursues cross-disciplinary research to aid the design and planning ...
OUR RESEARCH, DESIGN & DEVELOPMENT PROCESS. The most crucial step involves testing both in our laboratories and with our ... STEP 1: Research & Design in Conjunction With World-Class Athletes. Athletes who constantly pursue their own limits help us ... The North Face® Research, Design and Development team accepts their challenges and turns to the laboratory for new fabrics and ... STEP 3: Innovative Design & Construction. Exploring the frontiers of technology for better fabrics and components is only the ...
Research AreaDesign. Social innovation design to improve quality of life. To realize Society 5.0, Hitachis design process ... Design Platform. * Product Design. Product design entails consideration of hardware/software product usability and aesthetics. ... Service Design. New services are being created to realize value for customers and society to achieve digital transformation and ... Vision Design. Regarding Society 5.0 as a concept for creating a society that emphasizes enhancing human creativity rather than ...
How do we design for others? Research in Design for Developme… ... Presentation given at the 2012 Better World by Design ... How do we design for others? Research in Design for Development. This panel examines the role of user research in design for ... BWxD 2012: Research in Design for Development * 1. SARAH FATHALLAH Saturday, Sept 29, 2012 RESEARCH IN DESIGN FOR DEVELOPMENT ... Introduction to research design by Nursing Path 72303 views * CLASSIFICATION OF RESEARCH BY PURPO... by Dr.Shazia Zamir 211546 ...
Describe some of the important research designs used in experimental hypothesis testing research study. Research design is ... Research Design Methods And Research. 863 Words , 4 Pages. Research Design Methods Beginning with qualitative research design, ... various types of experimental designs, types of errors affecting research design Business Research Design - A research design ... Design Research Proposal. 1022 Words , 5 Pages. Research Design The research question for this research proposal is: is ...
The randomized complete block design (above) is a common design in agricultural field research if you can identify patterns of ... Experimental Design. Designing an experiment is an extremely important step. Errors in the design can affect the results of the ... If you have trouble with a design or doubt its validity, get help before starting the research. Variations in soil type, ... demonstration and research design (Category 10 only). Kentucky Pesticide Safety Education Program ...
Research Design. Good research design is key to ensuring the quality and reproducibility of research. The following points ... Research projects should be designed either to add to existing knowledge about the subject or to develop methods for research ... The design of the study should be appropriate for the question(s) being asked and address the most important potential sources ... Peer review processes should be used to verify and refine the appropriate design of the project. ...
Henry Point / Michael Flowers Architect + farm research and design 00:00 - 11 November, 2010 ...
... driven by an aim to foster new approaches to design thinking, design enquiry, design implementation and the use of the latest ... A world leading interdisciplinary group of design researchers and practitioners operating across the University, ... Research Themes Research Centres Subject Areas Collaboration Research degrees at NTU Research environment and governance ... The Design Research Centre is world leading in its approach to design research and practice, bringing about beneficial societal ...
Staying focused on your design objectives while balancing conflicting needs can be difficult. MindManagers versatility helps ... Designing and developing products requires a combination of disciplines, tracking a wide range of information, and ... Designing and developing products requires a combination of disciplines, tracking a wide range of information, and ... Staying focused on your design objectives while balancing conflicting needs can be difficult. ...
With design research, designs are more meaningful and effective because they are grounded in a real-world context. The goal of ... Plus, find out how research can directly inform your designs, using generative research, user testing, and rapid prototyping. ... the process of design research and to help designers understand how critical it is to being able to develop great designs. ... They also introduce research tools, planning considerations, and frameworks for presenting your results, such as personas and ...
This focus on research continues through to the senior year, culminating with Senior Design projects and competition, overseen ... our curriculum provides immediate research opportunities for the undergraduate student in our Freshmen Design program. ... Simi Hoque, PhD, PE, is developing tools to measure building energy use and researching ways to protect our comfort in the face ... Faculty and students are on a journey of continual discovery that results in inspired, multi-disciplinary research in many of ...
The Collaborating Center for Questionnaire Design and Evaluation Research (CCQDER) conducts question evaluation and development ... Collaborating Center for Questionnaire Design and Evaluation Research (CCQDER). ... Methodological research: CCQDER researches and refines question evaluation methods while also working to better understand the ...
View/Download Entire Document: NIOSH Research Improves Equipment Design to Protect Firefighters pdf icon[PDF - 126K] ... NIOSH Research Improves Equipment Design to Protect Firefighters. ... The NIOSH research team worked with professional associations and fire apparatus and PPE companies on using the data and ... They can also benefit from ergonomically designed fire apparatus to enhance safe operation and reduce other risks, such as ...
What are the biggest trends in design research in 2017? originally appeared on Quora - the place to gain and share knowledge, ... By introducing new areas of expertise into design research, such as legal design, policy design, infrastructure design, ... "How To Great Design Research Anywhere On Earth.". *Hybrid research: Its important to combine a depth in qualitative research ... Design research pioneer Jane Fulton Suri authored and released a guide, free to download, called The Little Book of Design ...
We explore designs role in economic development, tackling societal challenges and delivering inclusive places, to advance the ... Our research provides evidence on the impact and value of design. ... understanding and use of design across the UK. ... Innovation by Design. In 2019, we are shaping up a new research ... Our ground-breaking research provides evidence on the impact and value of design. We explore designs role in economic ...
Medical education research reports should clearly articulate the link between research question and research design and should ... The basic issues are: (1) Given a research question, what are the best research design options? (2) Once a design is selected ... and conditions as deliberate features of the research design.. Does the research design permit unexpected outcomes or events to ... Is the research design appropriate (or as optimal as possible) for the research question? The matter of congruence, or "fit," ...
This course introduces qualitative research, compares and contrasts qualitative and quantitative research ... Enroll for free. ... Course Project and Design Examples. In this final week, youll combine all items of your research design for a final submission ... Elements of Research Design: An Example (from Tamar Goldenbergs MPH Thesis Research)5m ... About the Qualitative Research Design and Methods for Public Health Specialization. This specialization will enable public ...
As part of our mission to bust all barriers to learning, CAST researches, designs, and develops innovative solutions to make ... Were developing and researching a sustainable model for multigenerational making and learning that can support a STEM career ... We do so by applying the principles of Universal Design for Learning, a framework rooted in the learning sciences. CAST ... UDL has come to dominate the field because of its broad applicability and its research foundation in the learning sciences, ...
What Kind of Future Are We Designing? - which gives viewers a backstage tour of what she calls discriminatory design. ... Benjamin delves into discriminatory design in medical, scientific research by Jamie Saxon, Office of Communications ... Play Video: Benjamin delves into discriminatory design in medical, scientific research; Video embed #1 ... What Kind of Future Are We Designing?" gives viewers a backstage tour of what she calls "discriminatory design." ...
... author Jan Chipchase details how to build a pop-up design studio, whether youre in a Brazilian rainforest or the Saudi desert ... Co.Design. Co.Design. Bernie Sanders picks a Twitter fight with Everlanes CEO. Co.Design. This clever keychain helps you avoid ... How To Do Great Design Research Anywhere On Earth. In this exclusive excerpt from the forthcoming book The Field Study Handbook ... It is highly suited to international research, design, and innovation projects that require speedy immersion into new consumer ...
  • In the USA there were also some important developments in design theory and methodology, including the publications of the Design Methods Group and the series of conferences of the Environmental Design Research Association. (
  • We are also supporting people who are planning new businesses to identify issues, find solutions, and prove value with "NEXPERIENCE which is the methodology based on design thinking and service engineering technology. (
  • CHAPTER 4 DESIGN OF THE STUDY 4.1 INTRODUCTION This chapter describes the methodology and research design of the study. (
  • And also, while many people new to design research want to follow a step-by-step methodology, these days, it's about faster loops of insight, fuel, rapid prototyping, and feedback. (
  • Earlier, he served as Visiting Scholar at the U.S. Government Accountability Office's research methodology division. (
  • The broad methodology you adopt to answer the question you have is often referred to your research design. (
  • 2012) Concept Generation for Design Creativity: A Systematized Theory and Methodology Springer. (
  • The field has long been in need of a guide that focuses on methodology and design. (
  • An appreciation of this connection will enable students to evaluate research and make informed choices about the selection of an appropriate research methodology for their own research. (
  • This 20 credit masters-level module will enable you to explore the methodology and methods relevant to the development of a research project. (
  • You'll learn how to define and refine a research question, select and appraise methodology, address ethical considerations, and select and appraise data collection and analysis techniques with the aim of formulating your own research proposal by the end of the module. (
  • The assessment for this module is a 4000-word research proposal inclusive of a literature review, methodology, aim and objectives, method, anticipated results and an additional considerations section relevant to the proposed research. (
  • Dive into the core mindset and methodology of human-centered design and emerge with a brand new set of tools and skills to respond to your customers' wants and needs. (
  • Researchers at Microsoft are collaborating with leading HIV scientific centers to bring together research expertise and cutting-edge computing technology in to the fight against the virus. (
  • The Design Research Centre is a broad interdisciplinary group of design researchers and practitioners operating across the University, driven by an aim to foster new approaches to design thinking, design enquiry, design implementation and the use of design techniques and related technologies at the highest level. (
  • The group, through the email contact below is happy to receive email enquiries from prospective students and researchers wishing to undertake research in the aforementioned areas, as well as those mentioned under individual research staff. (
  • With the GDPR , changes to data privacy in the EU and beyond means design researchers have to address these in a human-centered way, both in how research is designed and in terms of how that's communicated to participants. (
  • The Manufacturing Futures Lab provides a forum for materials researchers to collaborate with designers and apply product design principles to products using new materials emerging from state-of-the-art research. (
  • This course will benefit researchers from both agency and client-side who have some basic experience of designing, using or analysing questionnaires. (
  • Qualitative research often has the aim of description and researchers may follow-up with examinations of why the observations exist and what the implications of the findings are. (
  • The simpler treatment I have presented here should provide researchers with sufficient understanding to be meticulous about design and analysis of their own observational studies and wary of the confounding that inevitably biases the effects in published observational studies. (
  • Junaidy, Deny W., Nagai, Y. (2013) The imaginative approach: Characteristics of craft artisans and design trainers in depth cognitive levels during a design training program, DRS CUMULUS 2013, International Conference for Design Education Researchers, Oslo, Norway, 14-17 May 2013. (
  • It explores the ethical obligations of HCI researchers who operate in and design for sensitive settings. (
  • This book gives researchers and students a user-friendly, step-by-step guide to planning qualitative research. (
  • This model not only better fits what experienced qualitative researchers actually do, but provides a clear framework for designing a study and developing a research proposal. (
  • If they were based on a box-wing design, aircraft of any given wingspan could achieve more with less, say EU-funded researchers who are preparing this technology for take-off. (
  • Gensler researchers take on the challenge: quantifying the value of experiential design. (
  • Paul Palma, M.D., and Eugene Adcock, M.D., of the University of Texas Medical Center, along with Dr. Buford Nichol of the Children's Nutrition Research Center in Houston, Texas, are among the many researchers who have discovered some amazing facts about human milk. (
  • Relationships among these components of research are stressed, and the repeated, explicit lesson throughout these pages is that it is not possible to argue that one or another form of research is "better" than any other and that good researchers understand the differences among-and appreciate the capabilities of-different tools. (
  • While end users - such as YouTube's 1.5 billion monthly users - can be the target of that, the research is also meant to improve the experience of working with AI systems for AI researchers, software engineers and domain experts as well, Google Brain senior staff research scientist Martin Wattenberg told CNBC. (
  • Over the past 30 years, architects, engineers, facility managers, and researchers have refined the design of typical wet and dry labs to a very high level. (
  • Some researchers do not want or cannot have natural light in their research spaces. (
  • The National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Research Design Service (RDS) supports researchers in designing and developing high quality research proposals for submission to national, peer-reviewed funding competitions for applied health or social care research. (
  • Design, Evaluation, and Analysis of Questionnaires for Survey Research, Second Edition explores updates on the statistical knowledge and development of survey questionnaires, including analyzing the important decisions researchers make throughout the survey design process. (
  • This book aims to give students and survey researchers a state-of-the-art introduction to questionnaire design and how to construct questionnaires with the highest relevance and accuracy. (
  • Design research was originally constituted as primarily research into the process of design, developing from work in design methods, but the concept has been expanded to include research embedded within the process of design, including work concerned with the context of designing and research-based design practice. (
  • Design research emerged as a recognisable field of study in the 1960s, initially marked by a conference on Design methods at Imperial College London, in 1962. (
  • Some of the origins of design methods and design research lay in the emergence after the 2nd World War of operational research methods and management decision-making techniques, the development of creativity techniques in the 1950s, and the beginnings of computer programs for problem solving in the 1960s. (
  • A statement by Bruce Archer encapsulated what was going on: 'The most fundamental challenge to conventional ideas on design has been the growing advocacy of systematic methods of problem solving, borrowed from computer techniques and management theory, for the assessment of design problems and the development of design solutions. (
  • The National Science Foundation initiative on design theory and methods led to substantial growth in engineering design research in the late-1980s. (
  • The methodologies and methods incorporated in the design of a research study will depend on the standpoint of the researcher over their beliefs in the nature of knowledge (see epistemology) and reality (see ontology), often shaped by the disciplinary areas the researcher belongs to. (
  • There has been an emergence in the use of triangulation in criminological research, in a bid to combine two methods to ensure the validity of the research. (
  • Research projects should be designed either to add to existing knowledge about the subject or to develop methods for research into it. (
  • CCQDER researches and refines question evaluation methods while also working to better understand the question response process and survey response error. (
  • Some of our answers could be considered trends, some are tried-and-true methods inside of IDEO along with great resources from years of experience in design research. (
  • This course introduces qualitative research, compares and contrasts qualitative and quantitative research approaches, and provides an overview of qualitative methods for data collection. (
  • His first book on the case study method, Case Study Research: Design and Methods (2014) is in its fifth edition. (
  • and 2005) and has most recently authored a new text on qualitative research methods (Yin, 2011). (
  • We were not so much interested in the very latest developments of methods or in computer-aided drug design itself - enough conferences have dealt with these topics. (
  • Rather than the rigid, linear approach to design that is usually found in research methods textbooks--and which is particularly ill suited for qualitative research--this book presents a flexible, systemic model of design. (
  • The experiments follow coherent and consistent research designs and procedures and are placed in a theoretical context, and contributors outline methods that will serve as a guide in future experiments. (
  • Learners will gain hands-on experience with taking a product from initial concept, through user research, ideation and refinement, formal analysis, prototyping, and user testing, applying perspectives and methods to ensure a great user experience at every step. (
  • Demonstrates how both quantitative and qualitative research methods can be applied to cross-sectional data. (
  • Using user research methods, tapping into data, and employing design sprints will increase your chances of building the next big success. (
  • The aim of the module is to provide postgraduate level training in the main varieties of quantitative and mixed methods research in the social sciences, including basic statistical literacy. (
  • Topics covered include the definition and formulation of research problems and hypotheses, the relationships between and the rationale for using particular research methods, the relationships between empirical research and theory generation and theory testing, different forms of sampling, sampling error and potential bias in the interpretation of research findings, and the concepts of generalisability, validity, reliability and replicability. (
  • History of research methods in the social sciences. (
  • 50-59% A satisfactory grasp of how to formulate research problems and questions, free of major errors in understanding the relationship between epistemology, theory generation and empirical research methods. (
  • 70%+ A developed and critical understanding of the philosophy of social research which supports a detailed appreciation of the relationship between epistemology, theory generation and empirical research methods. (
  • It considers how these cutting-edge tools for thinking in urban design research - comprising both theories and methods - could transform our understanding of community spaces as being complex, inter-dependent and socially meaningful assets. (
  • Using integrated design strategies, explore and apply methods, processes and practices through a research investigation that incorporates diverse design approaches. (
  • My article " Research-Directed Website Design " made a case for using research methods such as listening and observation to inform website design decisions, but design research begins long before mockups, prototypes, and wireframes. (
  • Thinking Methodologically: Basic Principles of Social Research Design focuses on the underlying logic of social research and encourages students to understand research methods as a way of thinking. (
  • This module may be used as a standalone option as formal training in research methods to support personal fellowships eg. (
  • Articulate the benefits of design research and qualitative methods over market research and quantitative methods. (
  • They have dynamic communication skills, a flair for facilitation, and plenty of personal stories about applying specific design thinking methods and tools. (
  • The course offered me hands-on experience with a number of research methods/tools I hadn't used before. (
  • The Reading for Understanding initiative aims to establish a framework and a set of design principles for an integrated, multilevel assessment system, not just a collection of discrete assessments. (
  • We do so by applying the principles of Universal Design for Learning , a framework rooted in the learning sciences. (
  • User Interface & User Experience Design and Development, based on co-design principles. (
  • Learners will gain an understanding of what is involved in UX research, including conducting interviews, evaluating systems, and analyzing systems using principles of good design. (
  • This course examines principles of effective research design for both qualitative and quantitative studies, and their application for institutional research. (
  • The module is then organized in terms of (a) principles of research design (b) issues of data collection and (c) data analysis. (
  • Manifest the ability to apply the essential principles of research design and strategy, based on a clear grasp of how to formulate researchable problems and critical discernment of alternative approaches to social research. (
  • The company implemented a redesign for several of its apps in 2011 and in more recent years has been sprucing up many of its properties with its material design principles. (
  • Research Design and Statistical Analysisprovides comprehensive coverage of the design principles and statistical concepts necessary to make sense of real data. (
  • While this section of the WBDG provides information on the design and construction of new research facilities, the principles covered can be applied to renovation projects as well. (
  • Papers showing how research results can be used in chemical engineering design , and accounts of experimental or theoretical research work bringing new perspectives to established principles, highlighting unsolved problems or indicating directions for future research, are particularly welcome. (
  • this is a questionable research practice bordering on fraud. (
  • For ten weeks, seniors in the University of Washington's School of Art + Art History + Design Advanced Industrial Design program: Professional Practice course mulled over things like materials, functionality, and empathy. (
  • The Design Research Centre is world leading in its approach to design research and practice, bringing about beneficial societal, economic and environmental impacts. (
  • An overarching function of the Centres at NTU is to help foster a dynamic research environment relevant to staff, whether they are on the Teaching and Scholarship (T&S), Teaching and Practice (T&P) and Teaching and Research (T&R) pathways. (
  • The Centre encourages an interplay between practice and theory within a research context and as such supports all staff with their research interests. (
  • Learners of this course will not only be able to put what they learn into practice, but they'll also develop a portfolio of qualitative research materials for career advancement. (
  • The purpose of this module is to prepare you to design, plan and complete a major research project (practice-based or empirical). (
  • How design choices can affect practice. (
  • Perfect for upper undergraduate and postgraduate students, this book will instil confidence and good decision making to ensure constructively informed design and practice. (
  • The Design Economy 2018 - Page/Park Page\Park Architects is a renowned Glasgow based mid-sized architecture practice which has designed many iconic public buildings across Scotland. (
  • Gensler's Design Forecast events are a series of hyper-local conversations with our clients and the communities where we practice. (
  • The pur- pose is to investigate DR-based design knowledge and its roles during design research and design practice. (
  • A key feature in this approach is the division be- tween the meta-design (within design research) producing abstract design knowledge and the empirical design practice producing situational knowledge and artefacts. (
  • Design Research Through Practice: From the Lab, Field, and Showroom focuses on one type of contemporary design research known as constructive design research. (
  • The book shows how theory, research practice, and the social environment create commonalities between these approaches. (
  • Demonstrate the capacity to manage the research process, including managing numerical data, and conducting and presenting research in a way that is consistent with professional practice and research ethics. (
  • The module is a core module for all pathways of the MSc Advanced Professional Practice programme within the School of Health Professions and the MClinRes Clinical Research programme. (
  • In this two-day course, you'll discover how to maximize your user research and lay the groundwork for a robust design research practice. (
  • Practice communicating research using an actionable framework. (
  • Practice articulating the case for a more robust research program. (
  • The benefit of working collaboratively was apparent and I hope to facilitate greater collaboration throughout our research practice. (
  • Very hands-on combination of lecture and workshop activities to practice an end-to-end design research exercise. (
  • The National Institutes of Health Clinical Center in Bethesda, Maryland, provides a crucial link in rapidly moving research findings from the laboratory to mainstream medical practice. (
  • In the RCN-funded project MINDER two postdocs address the energy efficiency of non-residential buildings, using insights and approaches from design thinking, facilities management, and social theories of practice and design. (
  • The importance of design education Sarah Weir, Design Council CEO and Steven Kyffin, Pro Vice-Chancellor of Northumbria University talk about design education at the launch of the Design Economy 2018 at the Great Exhibition of the North. (
  • Watch: The Design Economy 2018 - Education Malcolm Garret, Creative Director of Images & Co, talks about the importance of design education at the launch of the Design Economy 2018 at the Great Exhibition of the North. (
  • Taiwan IVF Group / TCT Research & Design" 30 Nov 2018. (
  • The Design Economy 2018 - City ID Creating a market for UK design in the built environment. (
  • The Design Economy 2018 - The Guardian The Guardian is a news publication of The Guardian Media Group. (
  • The Design Economy 2018 - Monzo How the creators of the banking sector's most iconic new bank card use design to build trust and differentiate themselves to customers and investors. (
  • The Design Economy 2018 - Studio Moross Studio Moross is an interdisciplinary design and creative studio, specialising in work for the music industry, entertainment sector, consumer packaged goods, and food and beverages. (
  • The advantage of exploratory research is that it is easier to make new discoveries due to the less stringent methodological restrictions. (
  • Suitable topics range from methodological issues in design research to philosophical reflections on the specificities of design rather than actual design work or empirical cases only. (
  • You will engage with all aspects of the research process: identifying a research paradigm, selecting a qualitative or quantitative approach and methodological strategy, constructing research questions, collecting and analysing data. (
  • The course emphasizes the iterative nature of research design in qualitative inquiry and highlights the importance of specifying a population of interest, an appropriate sampling strategy, and potential approaches to recruitment. (
  • In this first week, you'll get the chance to explore characteristics and approaches of both qualitative and quantitative research, understand their differences, and acknowledge how both are complementary. (
  • Turning these materials into innovative new products will require knowledge of their potential applications based on a deep understanding of their physical and chemical properties, combined with new approaches to product design. (
  • The approaches used include design knowledge repositories to routinely capture design information, design led demand for new manufacturing technologies, knowledge elicitation and requirements engineering. (
  • It looks at three approaches to constructive design research: Lab, Field, and Showroom. (
  • This implies an exploration of applied aesthetics that requires quite different approaches from those common in traditional (engineering) research - because the discipline is based on the balanced combination of theoretical, logical knowledge with a practical and intuitive exploration of aesthetic expression - which we also find in the fields of music and art. (
  • This provides additional motivation for explorative research on applied aesthetics at the department, using artistic, qualitative and quantitative approaches. (
  • highly suited to international research, design, and innovation projects that require speedy immersion. (
  • It is highly suited to international research, design, and innovation projects that require speedy immersion into new consumer segments and need to rapidly iterate on ideas and designs. (
  • Design-led innovation in the banking sector. (
  • In an era where innovation drives competition, it is of paramount importance to maximise your ROI and space utilisation with the most innovating design, construction, operation and maintenance of research facilities. (
  • The department is in a process of building up experience and a good reputation in the field of Systems and Service Design (currently focusing on Social Design and Innovation in the health and welfare context). (
  • Weatherhead School of Management at Case Western Reserve University cultivates creativity, innovation, and purpose-driven leadership to design a better world. (
  • The African Centre for Cities (ACC) is an interdisciplinary research and teaching programme focused on quality scholarship regarding the dynamics of unsustainable urbanisation processes in Africa, with an eye on identifying systemic responses. (
  • Building on the fundamental nature of design to enable, collaboration is at the heart of the centre's operational ethos, reaching out to other Schools and research centre across NTU and other research institutions nationally and internationally. (
  • This Centre makes a significant contribution to research within the School and to the development of PhD students. (
  • A national research centre of Nanyang Technological University, the NTU Centre for Contemporary Art Singapore focuses on Spaces of the Curatorial, addressing the urgencies of our time. (
  • A leading international art institution, the Centre is a platform, host and partner creating and driven by dynamic thinking in its three-fold constellation: Residencies Programme, Research and Academic Education and Exhibitions. (
  • An inter-disciplinary research centre of the School of Art, Design and Media, the Centre for Asian Art and Design (CAAD) focuses on the study of the historical and related contemporary issues in Asian Art and Design, with emphasis on their influence on local, regional and international cultures. (
  • He was a Research Fellow at Salford University's School of the Built Environment, and Senior Research Associate at the Bartlett Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis, University College London (UCL). (
  • Our biomedical research centre has a PPI network and lay panels of people who want to get actively involved in research in this way. (
  • Read more about PPI at UCLH on our biomedical research centre website . (
  • The Design Council is not responsible for the content of external sites. (
  • One could use an experimental design and then collect data using an openended survey and analyze the written answers using a content analysis. (
  • Issues were also raised with the content of some activities in that they sometimes provided answers that students did not feel matched what they had learned to that point, were superficial in design or in the types of answers given and so appeared to lack value, and could be demotivating when the discussion highlighted a lack of understanding. (
  • In summary, the design of the milk is perfect in caloric content, amino acid concentrations, and in the enzyme concentrations of both lipase and lactase, ideally meeting the infant's needs. (
  • The design and conduct of the study are plausible. (
  • Here the example is from the various social sciences that conduct research into human behavior, including medical education research. (
  • Interns will conduct research relating to the architecture and design department's exhibitions and collections. (
  • There are several unre- solved concerns and issues in design research (DR). Some examples are the outcomes of design research, the role of theorizing in DR, how to conduct eval- uation and validation, and the need for different grounding processes to gener- ate valid knowledge from design research endeavors. (
  • Research Laboratories are workplaces for the conduct of scientific research. (
  • Conduct contextual inquiry research. (
  • Design and conduct effective research interviews. (
  • We want people to help us design and conduct our research. (
  • How does a knowledge of people, place, and culture inform the design process? (
  • Plus, find out how research can directly inform your designs, using generative research, user testing, and rapid prototyping. (
  • James Tangorra, PhD, studies the biomechanics of marine animals to inform designs of aquatic robots. (
  • The corporate accommodation options on the business trip are pre-selected to allow team members to cope with travel but are rarely designed to inform and inspire. (
  • The panel is comprised of OU students and whose experiences and opinions inform design decisions on OU modules. (
  • And by the time the project ends, in April 2020, the partners are hoping to complete the full structural and aerodynamic design of the PrandtlPlane. (
  • In 2019, we are shaping up a new research and evaluation programme to investigate the state of design in the UK over the coming years. (
  • The Research Facilities Design and Development 2019 returns with a brand new agenda that will include the expansion of the most exciting and futuristic reserach institutes and facilities. (
  • With design research, designs are more meaningful and effective because they are grounded in a real-world context. (
  • 2) Once a design is selected and implemented, how is its use justified in terms of its strengths and limits in a specific research context? (
  • The module begins by locating the research process in the context of epistemology in order to show how research design is unavoidably grounded in assumptions about the nature of the phenomena to be investigated. (
  • Display critical understanding of the significance of epistemological positions that provide the context for theory construction, research design, and the selection of appropriate analytical techniques in quantitative research. (
  • Our task is to design in context , with a clear understanding of the ongoing commitment that the client's resources can bear. (
  • This was helped by the development of a research base, including doctoral programmes, within many of the design schools located within new institutions that were previously art colleges, and the emergence of new areas such as interaction design. (
  • It illustrates how one can successfully integrate design and research based on work carried out in industrial design and interaction design. (
  • I am currently pursuing my thesis in Industrial and Interaction Design. (
  • He leads a relatively new design group at Microsoft Design called XDR, which stands for Experience Design and Research and is responsible for all the interaction design of future versions of Windows, Internet Explorer and Windows Live. (
  • My background is a blend of programming, visual, sound and interaction design. (
  • Interaction Design , Design for Sustainability and Systems and Service Design . (
  • Traditionally, Interaction Design has been oriented towards web design, app design and general software development. (
  • In recent years industry has become more aware of the value of Interaction Design as an important approach to reduce the risk of human error in complex operations such as in control rooms, on ships' bridges and in health and welfare systems. (
  • With 85,617 graduates, the Interaction Design Foundation is the biggest online design school globally. (
  • Reach us at [email protected] or through our online contact form . (
  • The design allows for unexpected outcomes or events to occur. (
  • The key features for such studies are stated below as a series of five general questions addressing the following topics: appropriateness of the design, internal validity, external validity, unexpected outcomes, and plausibility. (
  • The goals are the drivers behind OXO's particular design approach and desired outcomes. (
  • formulate and critically discuss a research proposal in line with the above outcomes. (
  • Dr. Aronsson is currently an associated researcher at the Institute of Social Anthropology at the University of Bern and her postdoctoral research focuses on elderly care in Japan and the use of robotic care devices, with a focus on social robots and emerging emotional technologies. (
  • Kate has over 20 years experience as a practitioner of research and now focuses on training. (
  • Thematically it focuses on the contexts of problems in urban design and places community spaces at the heart of urban design research. (
  • Part 3 focuses on repeated-measures designs and considers the advantages and disadvantages of different mixed designs. (
  • Its purpose therefore is to act as a form of learned society, taking a scholarly and domain independent view of the process of designing. (
  • Herbert A. Simon established the foundations for 'a science of design', which would be 'a body of intellectually tough, analytic, partly formalizable, partly empirical, teachable doctrine about the design process. (
  • Flexible designs allow for more freedom during the data collection process. (
  • We're a close-knit, collaborative group, guided by a highly iterative user-centered design process. (
  • To realize Society 5.0, Hitachi's design process starts by understanding people and thinking about the ideal society. (
  • The goal of this course is to introduce the process of design research and to help designers understand how critical it is to being able to develop great designs. (
  • When you live where you work, you can get too close to the design process and suffer from information overload. (
  • However, we were very interested in the usefulness and limitations of computer-aided drug design in the indu- strial research process. (
  • For others, it is the design research process itself that is the subject of the ethical inquiry. (
  • The MEDRG research group also has separate research interests linked to improvements in process control using the latest technologies, this research is currently in collaboration with a global food and drinks company. (
  • CIRT provides an array of instructional design services to support UNF faculty with the systematic process of designing, developing, and delivering instructional materials. (
  • Through the instructional designers' lens, online course development is an iterative process that passes through four major stages (design, develop, teach, and evaluate). (
  • I found myself taking notes and saying "yes" so many times because Maxwell captures the research process so well and provides many points worth quoting. (
  • Maxwell provides a clear explanation regarding the nuances involved in the circular process of qualitative research design. (
  • It would be so helpful if you could take a couple of minutes and complete my survey below to help me in my research process! (
  • In evolutionary terms, this weak premature infant should be culled out by a survival of the fittest process, but three advantages for the premature have been found in this well-designed milk. (
  • Questionnaire design is a multistage process that requires attention to many details at once. (
  • Pretesting a survey is an essential step in the questionnaire design process to evaluate how people respond to the overall questionnaire and specific questions. (
  • At Pew Research Center, questionnaire development is a collaborative and iterative process where staff meet to discuss drafts of the questionnaire several times over the course of its development. (
  • Their research resulted in both a knowledge and process driven requirements engineering platform. (
  • Learn more about your users across all phases of the design process. (
  • Learn a structured process for synthesizing research into insights and personas. (
  • Offers ability to create custom designs with a high-resolution process that provides quality and vivid colors. (
  • Labs21 Design Process Manual -Includes a "quick reference" sustainable strategies checklist as well as links to key resources for each stage of the design process. (
  • Research and development activities in HYDRO automation are targeted at optimizing the process-related information flow within a hydropower plant. (
  • The choice of how to group participants depends on the research hypothesis and on how the participants are sampled. (
  • Describe some of the important research designs used in experimental hypothesis testing research study. (
  • 2) Research design in case of descriptive and diagnostic research studies, and(3) Research design in case of hypothesis-testing research studies. (
  • An experiment is a test under controlled conditions that is designed to test an hypothesis or to determine the efficacy of something previously untried. (
  • Design an experiment to test the hypothesis objectively. (
  • Emory University, located in Atlanta, Georgia, is one of the world's leading research universities. (
  • The research could eventually lead to refinements in the interfaces of the smarter components of some of the world's most popular apps. (
  • Guide to the new British Rail identity - shown in the Design Research Unit: 1942-72 Cubitt Gallery exhibition. (
  • A research design is a framework that has been created to find answers to research questions. (
  • KiwiCo: Inspiring the next generation of designers To find out who is out there developing educational solutions to design, we spoke to KiwiCo whose mission is to support kids' creativity and encourage them to be makers and innovators. (
  • Starling Bank - How design benefits business Starling Bank is a digital, mobile only bank based in the UK with a team of technologists, artists, money experts, designers and marketers. (
  • As instructional designers, we spend a lot of time working with faculty members on the design and development of their online courses. (
  • TRANSFORMING THE URBAN EXPERIENCE THROUGH DESIGN As cities continue to grow, designers are stepping in to create experiences that connect people to. (
  • Many kinds of designers and people interested in design will find this book extremely helpful. (
  • Sarah Horton, author of Access by Design: A Guide to Universal Usability for Web Designers , shows the importance of restraint in approaching a new website design project. (
  • Product managers, marketing professionals, and designers with minimal research experience looking to build an understanding of their customers with user research. (
  • Research facilities present a unique challenge to designers with their inherent complexity of systems, health and safety requirements, long-term flexibility and adaptability needs, energy use intensity, and environmental impacts. (
  • A Design Guide for Energy-Efficient Research Laboratories -A reference that helps facility owners, managers, and designers apply energy-efficiency features in laboratories. (
  • Join 219,175 designers and get weekly inspiration and design tips in your inbox. (
  • The pitfalls of questionnaire design are outlined throughout the book, which alerts designers of questionnaires to the many prior decisions that will affect the quality of the research outcome. (
  • Search for a research supervisor, industry expert or collaborator. (
  • They include space for all-hands meetings, small groups, solo working in addition to wall space for analyzing data, synthesizing findings, and coming up with new design concepts. (
  • The second installment in Gensler's Research Catalogue series features findings from 41 research teams across the globe, with implications for everything from the future of museums to how we build the cities of tomorrow. (
  • It outlines a step-by-step approach to qualitative research design that begins by identifying a public health topic of interest, works to hone in on a specific research problem, and then specifies research questions, objectives, and specific aims. (
  • Address ethical concerns in qualitative research design and implementation. (
  • The Medical Engineering Design Research Group (MEDRG) at Nottingham Trent University is an interdisciplinary group, which brings together a wide range of academics, clinicians, surgeons, healthcare companies and other medical professionals whose interests focus on medical engineering design across a wide range of research specialisms. (
  • The world authority on research methodologies and techniques for professionals and academics. (
  • The book begins with an overview of the rise of constructive design research, as well as constructive research programs and methodologies. (
  • Research design refers to the overall strategy utilized to carry out research that defines a succinct and logical plan to tackle established research question(s) through the collection, interpretation, analysis, and discussion of data. (
  • In fixed designs, the design of the study is fixed before the main stage of data collection takes place. (
  • The advantage of confirmatory research is that the result is more meaningful, in the sense that it is much harder to claim that a certain result is generalizable beyond the data set. (
  • Exploratory research, on the other hand, seeks to generate a posteriori hypotheses by examining a data-set and looking for potential relations between variables. (
  • Combining research, data, and thoughtful critique, we're discovering needs and solving fundamental problems that impact work and life for millions of people around the world. (
  • The research work is started by identifying what type of data is needed and sources of obtaining this data. (
  • It's important to combine a depth in qualitative research with the right kinds of quantitative data. (
  • Here's a great piece by Arianna McClain and Rohini Vibha on using data to inspire design that goes deep on this topic. (
  • Most of us at IDEO predict that data science will complement and enhance a deeper understanding of qualitative research. (
  • By expanding our reach into data science, we'll be able to understand how our designs are being used during live prototyping and piloting. (
  • 1 The design helps the investigator focus on the research question(s) and plan an orderly approach to the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data that address the question. (
  • Their classification illustrates some of the overlap (sometimes confusion) that can exist among design, data-collection strategies, and data analysis. (
  • Design strategies and instruments for qualitative data collection linked to study objectives and appropriate for the population of interest. (
  • With considerable input from the teams required to pull these together, I've built a comprehensive understanding of what it takes to create an optimal space to gather data, draw insights, and apply experience to guide both strategy and the design of new products and services. (
  • For a corporate employee who requires a consumer perspective from a distant market, a typical setup involves conducting desk research, poring over data analytics (if the product already generates sales or a data trail), and making a business trip to visit offices in other countries. (
  • Robert Yin′s comprehensive presentation covers all aspects of the case study method - from problem definition, design, and data collection, to data analysis and composition and reporting. (
  • As part of your research design, it will also be important to consider the validity and reliability of data that you are collecting. (
  • Your research design will also determine what kind of data analysis you can do. (
  • Descriptive research occurs when data is collected in a natural setting (i.e. the researcher has not manipulated the environment in any way). (
  • Although the data description is factual, accurate and systematic, the research cannot describe what caused a situation. (
  • In particular, no data was available for how much firms spend on design. (
  • This edition includes new or substantially expanded discussions of research paradigms, defining a research problem, site and participant selection, relationships with research participants, data analysis, and validity, as well as more examples and exercises. (
  • Get The User Research, Data, and Design Sprints Video Collection 2016 now with O'Reilly online learning. (
  • Explore a preview version of The User Research, Data, and Design Sprints Video Collection 2016 right now. (
  • Students are taught how to access and use secondary data, construct and critique questionnaires and interviews, how to interpret measurement error and missing data, and how to record data from experimental and quasi-experimental research. (
  • Training in the use of SPSS is an integral part of the module and takes place alongside the sessions dealing with surveys, questionnaire design, structured interviews and data analysis. (
  • Jamie O'Brien is a design research specialist at URBED, working with spatial data analysis and visualization. (
  • See where the Specialized Design Services industry is concentrated geographically and research companies by financials and key corporate data. (
  • When authors co-submit and publish a data article in Data in Brief , it appears on ScienceDirect linked to the original research article in this journal. (
  • When a water flow test is taken to determine the available flow and pressure of the community's water supply for sprinkler system design, that data is used to define the system for the remainder of its useful life. (
  • The concept retains a sense of generality, aimed at understanding and improving design processes and practices quite broadly, rather than developing domain-specific knowledge within any professional field of design. (
  • The Instructional Design Team is available to consult on instructional design best practices, assist in the conversion of traditional course materials to the online learning format, and provide training and development related to the practical and pedagogical skills necessary for developing and delivering interactive and engaging courses. (
  • A rich resource on innovative design and best practices for buildings that boost performance for public agencies. (
  • Here, we discuss the pitfalls and best practices of designing questionnaires. (
  • The department has built up considerable research activity in this area, with a focus on design for sustainable behaviour and practices, which has resulted in several successfully finished PhD projects. (
  • In terms of design work, it ranges from conceptual issues in design through design experiments and prototypes to evaluative studies of design and its foundations. (
  • Ann Paradiso: I would describe the work that we're tackling as extreme constraint design. (
  • A new grant from the Office of Naval Research is expanding his work. (
  • We'd like to hear from potential research partners on existing work and new opportunities to extend the evidence base on design. (
  • A simplistic distinction between quantitative and qualitative inquiry does not work because research excellence in many areas of inquiry often involves the best of both. (
  • CAST routinely partners with leading research organizations, institutions of higher education, corporations, and foundations to pursue this work. (
  • Drawing on my six nation comparative research project, Women of Colour Resist, my talk will propose a tentative politics of exhaustion as a way to understand the promise and perils of women of colour activists' solidarity work in Europe. (
  • Heavily grounded in helping students make the best choices for their projects, this book explores how to develop and work with theory, research questions, and method selection to build solid, logical proposals and move from research concepts to fully realized designs. (
  • The goal of this project is to build upon previous work from the Private Capital Research Institute (PCRI) and the Harvard Business School Private Capital Project which has spent years matching private equity funds with investee companies, gathering and coding the certificates of incorporation for such companies. (
  • Learners will also learn about the work involved in UX Design, including the generation of promising design solutions and the creation of prototypes at multiple levels of fidelity. (
  • Here are some inclusive design strategies we can take to make the return to work accessible. (
  • Gensler's first Research Catalogue, published in 2014, highlights the work of 42 research teams on topics ranging from workplace performance to the student experience. (
  • It then describes the logic of studying design in the laboratory, design ethnography and field work, and the origins of the Showroom and its foundation on art and design rather than on science or the social sciences. (
  • Appropriately enough, Barney came up with his design while taking the tube to work. (
  • Manuel's design work can already been seen in Expression Blend , Windows Vista Upgrade Adviser , Microsoft Nice and even vector glass in Longhorn . (
  • Papers showing how research results can be used in chemical engineering design , and accounts of experimental or theoretical research work bringing new perspectives to established. (
  • The object of such a survey is to obtain insight into the relationships between variables and new ideas relating to the research problem. (
  • The Project on Impact Investments uses multi-method research to build insight that is both expansive in its focus and detailed in its analysis. (
  • The No.1 jobs resource for research and insight professionals. (
  • Architecture and the Built Environment: Design Review Insight Report Improving design quality in the built environment. (
  • Research Facilities Design and Development brings together industry representatives in a unique way - a collaborative discussion space where the latest developments, innovative thinking and insight is shared. (
  • Downes ( pictured ) has quantitative research experience, measuring customer experiences, satisfaction and loyalty. (
  • The global comprehension assessments will use a scenario-based design approach known as GISA , which stands for Global, Integrated, Scenario-based Assessments. (
  • Research design has three key purposes: (1) to provide answers to research questions, and (2) to provide a road map for conducting a study using a planned and deliberate approach that (3) controls or explains quantitative variation or organizes qualitative observations. (
  • The pop-up studio approach was born out of international consumer research, and while it has naturally evolved to encompass more domains, it is worth reflecting on its origins. (
  • Each volume illustrates our client-centric approach to delivering innovative design solutions. (
  • The multi-grounding approach to design research will be illus- trated by the support of two design cases. (
  • In order to build products your customers love, you need to take a disciplined approach to product design. (
  • A case-based approach to design research 4. (
  • Our UWE Bristol research has redesigned the way engineers will approach their projects. (
  • The approach used in experimental design is to assign people randomly from a common pool of people into the two groups. (
  • Unlike other institutions, our curriculum provides immediate research opportunities for the undergraduate student in our Freshmen Design program. (
  • Benjamin is also discussing discriminatory design in the two undergraduate courses she is teaching at Princeton this semester: "Race Is Socially Constructed: Now What? (
  • The Architecture and Design Research at the Art Institute of Chicago is open to undergraduate, graduate students and recent graduates. (
  • This book fills that need not only for undergraduate and graduate students but for any archaeologist looking to begin an experimental research project. (
  • John Christopher Jones (one of the initiators of the 1962 conference) founded a postgraduate Design Research Laboratory at the University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology, and L. Bruce Archer supported by Misha Black founded the postgraduate Department of Design Research at the Royal College of Art, London, becoming the first Professor of Design Research. (
  • The North Face® Research, Design and Development team accepts their challenges and turns to the laboratory for new fabrics and components. (
  • Research designs have features that range on a continuum from controlled laboratory investigations to observational studies. (
  • As such, a separate WBDG Resource Page on Trends in Lab Design has been developed to elaborate on this emerging model of laboratory design. (
  • Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL) , at DOE's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory has unique and state-of-the-art research resources. (
  • A new model of laboratory design is emerging, one that creates lab environments that are responsive to present needs and capable of accommodating future demands. (
  • Environmental Performance Criteria (EPC) -The Labs21 Environmental Performance Criteria is a rating system specifically designed for laboratory facilities. (
  • U.S. Green Building Council's LEED® -Because research facilities present a unique challenge for energy efficiency and sustainable design, the USGBC formed the LEED-AGL Committee to develop a guide that helps project teams apply LEED credits in the design and construction of laboratory facilities. (
  • Each decision we make in design has fundamental consequences for manufacturing processes as well as the infrastructure for product use and associated lifecycle. (
  • Fundamental and applied research on novel medical technologies. (
  • Without question, D/R was the most influential force in twentieth-century America in creating an awareness and appreciation for modern design in the consumer world. (
  • The Layers of Research Design Introduction: The purpose of doing research is mostly to answer a question or to solve a problem. (
  • The design of the study should be appropriate for the question(s) being asked and address the most important potential sources of bias, including any conflicts of interest. (
  • The Collaborating Center for Questionnaire Design and Evaluation Research (CCQDER) conducts question evaluation and development studies for the National Center for Health Statistics, the CDC, and other HHS surveys. (
  • The design is appropriate (optimal) for the research question. (
  • The basic issues are: (1) Given a research question, what are the best research design options? (
  • Rigorous attention to design details encourages an investigator to focus the research method on the research question, which brings precision and clarity to a study. (
  • The focus is on the question under which conditions design is protected by copy- right. (
  • Your research question will largely determine how you will go about conducting the research. (
  • The second question (given we respond affirmatively to the first) is whether this is the best design for our needs. (
  • We can now answer the second question: is this design the most suited one for our situation? (
  • Amazing training covering all the necessary information on questionnaire design. (
  • Designing the questionnaire is complicated because surveys can ask about topics in varying degrees of detail, questions can be asked in different ways, and questions asked earlier in a survey may influence how people respond to later questions. (
  • For many years, surveyors approached questionnaire design as an art, but substantial research over the past thirty years has demonstrated that there is a lot of science involved in crafting a good survey questionnaire. (
  • Reinforced the key and important elements of questionnaires and makes you aware of what you need to do to get reliable and accurate research. (
  • A particularly significant development was the emergence of the first journals of design research. (
  • The development of design research has led to the establishment of design as a coherent discipline of study in its own right, based on the view that design has its own things to know and its own ways of knowing them. (
  • This panel examines the role of user research in design for international development. (
  • This includes support and mentoring for T&S and T&S development staff to migrate to T&R or T&P pathways, and assisting in the production of quality research outputs from staff on T&R and T&P pathways. (
  • We explore design's role in economic development, tackling societal challenges and delivering inclusive places, to help us better understand and use design across the UK. (
  • Quality and cutting-edge research infrastructure is the engine behind Australia's research and development system. (
  • With our perfect blend of interactive sessions and in-depth case studies, the answers, inspiration and strategies you need are at Research Facilities Design and Development. (
  • Our most brilliant neonatologists with the best computers could not design a better balanced product for an infant regardless of his needs at whatever age or stage of development. (
  • The authors recognize that in the 21st century clients are pushing project design teams to create research laboratories that are responsive to current and future needs, that encourage interaction among scientists from various disciplines, that help recruit and retain qualified scientists, and that facilitates partnerships and development. (
  • National Institutes of Health, Office of Research Facilities, Development and Operations developed the NIH Design Policy and Guidelines to provide standards to assist planners, architects, and engineers in designing biomedical and animal research facilities for the NIH. (
  • The main focus of our research and development activities lies on the combination of both technologies, taking optimal account of the functional-organizational requirements in a hydropower plant. (
  • And in 2016 John Maeda, then the design partner at Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers, pointed out in his annual report on design in technology that Google had been perceived as improving the most in design. (
  • Descriptive (e.g., case-study, naturalistic observation, survey) Correlational (e.g., case-control study, observational study) Experimental (e.g., field experiment, controlled experiment, quasi-experiment) Review (literature review, systematic review) Meta-analytic (meta-analysis) Sometimes a distinction is made between "fixed" and "flexible" designs. (
  • This discovery led me to formulate a new idea about God's biological design. (
  • Design Forecast presents a comprehensive look at design around the globe, with over 100 pages of insights, research and industry trends. (
  • Learn how to identify research objectives and design interview guides to maximize insights. (
  • Use research insights to propel your design forward. (
  • Combining insights from various disciplines makes that our research is often explorative. (
  • By interleaving successive phases of UX Research and Design, learners will see how to learn from inevitable mistakes and improve towards a product with a great UX. (
  • In a typical experimental study, there will be at least one "experimental" condition (e.g., "treatment") and one "control" condition ("no treatment"), but the appropriate method of grouping may depend on factors such as the duration of measurement phase and participant characteristics: Cohort study Cross-sectional study Cross-sequential study Longitudinal study Confirmatory research tests a priori hypotheses - outcome predictions that are made before the measurement phase begins. (
  • The Aga Khan Program at the Harvard Graduate School of Design is part of the Aga Khan Program for Islamic Architecture at Harvard and MIT, dedicated to the study of Islamic art and architecture, urbanism, landscape design and conservation. (
  • as no single method can produce a comprehensive account of the study under research (Bryman 1988). (
  • Influenced by Jan Chipchase and The Field Study Handbook, the "pop-up studio" model for doing design research in challenging, less-explored environments is one trend we've seen done successfully. (
  • The research design is defined and clearly described, and is sufficiently detailed to permit the study to be replicated. (
  • In this exclusive excerpt from the forthcoming book The Field Study Handbook , author Jan Chipchase details how to build a pop-up design studio, whether you're in a Brazilian rainforest or the Saudi desert. (
  • We combine the study of the larger universe of impact investing with in-depth research on a smaller sample of portfolio firms. (
  • - With over 90,000 copies sold of the previous editions the new Third Edition of the best-selling Case Study Research has been carefully revised, updated, and expanded while retaining virtually all of the features and coverage of the second edition. (
  • This edition also includes references to examples of actual case studies in the companion volume Applications of Case Study Research, Second Edition (Sage, 2003) . (
  • Statistics and ethics in medical research: study design. (
  • A new chapter (13) compares experimental designs to reinforce the connection between design and analysis and to help readers achieve the most efficient research study. (
  • Our dedication to excellent education makes that we have experience with trying out new ways of organizing courses, such as vertical studio teaching or different ways of cooperation with industry, which also provide a welcome topic for reflection, as do our study trips and our research on charting professional perspectives for our alumni. (
  • Besides documenting the MoodBar study itself, it is also intended as a short primer about experimental design in an online setting. (
  • We're developing and researching a sustainable model for multigenerational making and learning that can support a STEM career trajectory. (
  • Understanding the opportunities and constraints of the environment is essential to providing sustainable design solutions. (
  • Peer review processes should be used to verify and refine the appropriate design of the project. (
  • The goal of this research is to investigate the processes that drive the dual attainment of financial success and social impact across industries. (
  • The research has led to improvements in the resulting design solutions, and at a fraction of the cost compared with traditional aircraft design processes. (
  • You will have the opportunity to assess research quality and to develop informed opinions regarding the ethics and politics that surround any research project. (
  • The results suggest that western nations are under increasing threat from emerging east Asian 'powerhouses' as they develop their design sectors, invest in national design promotion and produce skilled design graduates. (
  • Demonstrates how benchmarking is used in institutional research to develop dashboards and balanced scorecards. (
  • Experimental designs are often touted as the most "rigorous" of all research designs or, as the "gold standard" against which all other designs are judged. (
  • The Design Research Unit (DRU) was Britain's first consultancy to draw together expertise in architecture, graphics, and industrial design. (
  • RDS staff are research active and have considerable expertise in developing and designing high quality research proposals. (
  • Regarding Society 5.0 as a concept for creating a society that emphasizes enhancing human creativity rather than productivity and efficiency, Hitachi's vision design activities are involving local communities and other stakeholders in concretely and practically considering new social systems required to make this a reality. (
  • Yukari Nagai, Kihara Hironori, Navigation System based on Humane Engineering for Wheelchair Users20th International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED15)---Yukari Nagai (JAIST), Deny Junaidy (Telekom University) , Meta-contents of Design Creativity: Extraction of the key concepts that form the sense of design, 3rd International Conference on Design Creativity, Editor: Amaresh Chakrabarti, Toshiharu Taura and Yukari Nagai, ISBN: 978-1-904670-60-5. (
  • Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Design Creativity. (
  • Georgiev G. V., Nagai Y., Taura T., Noda S. and Willy D. (2012) Analysis of User Feelings during Interface Operation: Implications for Creative Design, Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Design Creativity (ICDC2012) Glasgow, UK, 18th-20th September. (
  • The Design Engineering Group specialises in realising its developments through algorithms and software plugins that can be integrated within an OEM's standard platform for company-wide implementation. (
  • This specificity means that larger, more efficient engines could be used and that the design would be able to accommodate likely future developments in propulsion technology, he notes. (
  • On today's podcast, Ann tells us all about life in the extreme constraint design lane, explains what a PALS is, and tells us some incredibly entertaining stories about how the eye tracking technology behind the Eye Controlled Wheelchair and the Hands-Free Music Project has made its way from Microsoft's campus to some surprising events around the country, including South by Southwest and Mardi Gras. (
  • Design a qualitative research project to respond to specific public health problems/questions. (
  • Focused on the role of the researcher within research design, it stresses the need to consider the theoretical underpinnings of research and not just practical issues when designing a project. (
  • [5] Future research will expand the Project on Impact Investments to leading impact investing firms across the globe. (
  • To begin tackling this, the project team also worked with the Design Council on an exploratory survey of design spend in UK firms. (
  • Writing of the project in the pages of Design in 1965, Robert Spark reflected on the four basic visual elements that DRU had created for British Rail: a symbol, a logotype, a name-style and house colours. (
  • Students will undertake advanced research on a project of their choice. (
  • Project success depends on defining the project purpose and goals before diving into wireframes, navigation, and especially visual design. (
  • The key research component at this project phase is stakeholder interviews. (
  • But before you sit down at the table with people who may have a narrow[md]and sometimes vehement[md]stake in the project, arm yourself with the language of strategic design. (
  • When presented with a design challenge, most of us want to roll up our sleeves and start right in with the fun part: coming up with ideas to bring the project to life. (
  • Help shape a better world by giving to a research project. (
  • Design Research carried an eclectic selection of products, from furniture to clothing , from toys to pots and pans , at a wide range of prices, introducing the idea of a lifestyle store . (
  • Designing and developing products requires a combination of disciplines, tracking a wide range of information, and communicating with different teams. (
  • Gain a solid foundation in UX Research and Design to create great products and advance your career. (
  • Integrate UX Research and UX Design to create great products through understanding user needs, rapidly generating prototypes, and evaluating design concepts. (
  • Figure 1 OXO is a leader in the design of universally usable products and tools. (
  • With a tagline like "Tools you hold on to," OXO clearly employs design research to ensure that all its products are easy to use, for all people. (
  • The PAIR program takes inspiration from the concept of design thinking , which highly prioritizes the needs of people who will use the products being developed. (
  • Essentially I manage a team of people and I also contribute to the design of various products as a Designer. (
  • In other cases, the theory might not be available before one starts the research. (
  • The collection of acadamic articles from the course in Design Theory (PD9) can be bought at the reception of the department in Trondheim. (
  • Experimental research design: logic, validity and reliability. (