Testing or screening required by federal, state, or local law or other agencies for the diagnosis of specified conditions. It is usually limited to specific populations such as categories of health care providers, members of the military, and prisoners or to specific situations such as premarital examinations or donor screening.
Programs in which participation is required.
A legal requirement that designated types of information acquired by professionals or institutions in the course of their work be reported to appropriate authorities.
Programs in which participation is not required.
Medical tests taken by couples planning to be married in order to determine presence of genetic and contagious diseases.
Personal devices for protection of heads from impact, penetration from falling and flying objects, and from limited electric shock and burn.
Any food that has been supplemented with essential nutrients either in quantities that are greater than those present normally, or which are not present in the food normally. Fortified food includes also food to which various nutrients have been added to compensate for those removed by refinement or processing. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
Notification or reporting by a physician or other health care provider of the occurrence of specified contagious diseases such as tuberculosis and HIV infections to designated public health agencies. The United States system of reporting notifiable diseases evolved from the Quarantine Act of 1878, which authorized the US Public Health Service to collect morbidity data on cholera, smallpox, and yellow fever; each state in the US has its own list of notifiable diseases and depends largely on reporting by the individual health care provider. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
Baked food product made of flour or meal that is moistened, kneaded, and sometimes fermented. A major food since prehistoric times, it has been made in various forms using a variety of ingredients and methods.
Congenital malformations of the central nervous system and adjacent structures related to defective neural tube closure during the first trimester of pregnancy generally occurring between days 18-29 of gestation. Ectodermal and mesodermal malformations (mainly involving the skull and vertebrae) may occur as a result of defects of neural tube closure. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1992, Ch55, pp31-41)
Two-wheeled, engine-driven vehicles.
Personal devices for protection of the eyes from impact, flying objects, glare, liquids, or injurious radiation.
Application of positive pressure to the inspiratory phase when the patient has an artificial airway in place and is connected to a ventilator.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Devices or pieces of equipment placed in or around the mouth or attached to instruments to protect the external or internal tissues of the mouth and the teeth.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Inorganic compounds that contain iodine as an integral part of the molecule.
Techniques for effecting the transition of the respiratory-failure patient from mechanical ventilation to spontaneous ventilation, while meeting the criteria that tidal volume be above a given threshold (greater than 5 ml/kg), respiratory frequency be below a given count (less than 30 breaths/min), and oxygen partial pressure be above a given threshold (PaO2 greater than 50mm Hg). Weaning studies focus on finding methods to monitor and predict the outcome of mechanical ventilator weaning as well as finding ventilatory support techniques which will facilitate successful weaning. Present methods include intermittent mandatory ventilation, intermittent positive pressure ventilation, and mandatory minute volume ventilation.
Exercise of governmental authority to control conduct.
Legal guarantee protecting the individual from attack on personal liberties, right to fair trial, right to vote, and freedom from discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, age, disability, or national origin. (from http://www.usccr.gov/ accessed 1/31/2003)
The legal authority or formal permission from authorities to carry on certain activities which by law or regulation require such permission. It may be applied to licensure of institutions as well as individuals.
General or unspecified injuries to the neck. It includes injuries to the skin, muscles, and other soft tissues of the neck.
The enactment of laws and ordinances and their regulation by official organs of a nation, state, or other legislative organization. It refers also to health-related laws and regulations in general or for which there is no specific heading.
A member of the vitamin B family that stimulates the hematopoietic system. It is present in the liver and kidney and is found in mushrooms, spinach, yeast, green leaves, and grasses (POACEAE). Folic acid is used in the treatment and prevention of folate deficiencies and megaloblastic anemia.
Programs and activities sponsored or administered by local, state, or national governments.
General or unspecified injuries to the soft tissue or bony portions of the face.
The transmission of infectious disease or pathogens from health professional or health care worker to patients. It includes transmission via direct or indirect exposure to bacterial, fungal, parasitic, or viral agents.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
RESPIRATORY MUSCLE contraction during INHALATION. The work is accomplished in three phases: LUNG COMPLIANCE work, that required to expand the LUNGS against its elastic forces; tissue resistance work, that required to overcome the viscosity of the lung and chest wall structures; and AIRWAY RESISTANCE work, that required to overcome airway resistance during the movement of air into the lungs. Work of breathing does not refer to expiration, which is entirely a passive process caused by elastic recoil of the lung and chest cage. (Guyton, Textbook of Medical Physiology, 8th ed, p406)
Immunologic tests for identification of HIV (HTLV-III/LAV) antibodies. They include assays for HIV SEROPOSITIVITY and HIV SERONEGATIVITY that have been developed for screening persons carrying the viral antibody from patients with overt symptoms of AIDS or AIDS-RELATED COMPLEX.
The rights of individuals to act and make decisions without external constraints.
An infant during the first month after birth.
Administrative units of government responsible for policy making and management of governmental activities.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Accidents on streets, roads, and highways involving drivers, passengers, pedestrians, or vehicles. Traffic accidents refer to AUTOMOBILES (passenger cars, buses, and trucks), BICYCLING, and MOTORCYCLES but not OFF-ROAD MOTOR VEHICLES; RAILROADS nor snowmobiles.
Any method of artificial breathing that employs mechanical or non-mechanical means to force the air into and out of the lungs. Artificial respiration or ventilation is used in individuals who have stopped breathing or have RESPIRATORY INSUFFICIENCY to increase their intake of oxygen (O2) and excretion of carbon dioxide (CO2).
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
Health care professionals, technicians, and assistants staffing LABORATORIES in research or health care facilities.
Testing in which the source of the specimen or the person being tested is not individually identified.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
Traumatic injuries involving the cranium and intracranial structures (i.e., BRAIN; CRANIAL NERVES; MENINGES; and other structures). Injuries may be classified by whether or not the skull is penetrated (i.e., penetrating vs. nonpenetrating) or whether there is an associated hemorrhage.
Emotional, nutritional, financial, or physical maltreatment, exploitation, or abandonment of the older person generally by family members or by institutional personnel.
The collective designation of three organizations with common membership: the European Economic Community (Common Market), the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). It was known as the European Community until 1994. It is primarily an economic union with the principal objectives of free movement of goods, capital, and labor. Professional services, social, medical and paramedical, are subsumed under labor. The constituent countries are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. (The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997, p842)
The science or philosophy of law. Also, the application of the principles of law and justice to health and medicine.
Administration of a vaccine to large populations in order to elicit IMMUNITY.
Hospital department providing dental care.
Restriction of freedom of movement of individuals who have been exposed to infectious or communicable disease in order to prevent its spread; a period of detention of vessels, vehicles, or travelers coming from infected or suspected places; and detention or isolation on account of suspected contagion. It includes government regulations on the detention of animals at frontiers or ports of entrance for the prevention of infectious disease, through a period of isolation before being allowed to enter a country. (From Dorland, 28th ed & Black's Veterinary Dictionary, 17th ed)
Educational programs designed to inform individuals of recent advances in their particular field of interest. They do not lead to any formal advanced standing.
Services provided by an individual ethicist (ETHICISTS) or an ethics team or committee (ETHICS COMMITTEES, CLINICAL) to address the ethical issues involved in a specific clinical case. The central purpose is to improve the process and outcomes of patients' care by helping to identify, analyze, and resolve ethical problems.
A followup operation to examine the outcome of the previous surgery and other treatments, such as chemotherapy or radiation therapy.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Examination of foods to assure wholesome and clean products free from unsafe microbes or chemical contamination, natural or added deleterious substances, and decomposition during production, processing, packaging, etc.
Laws and regulations concerned with industrial processing and marketing of foods.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
The privacy of information and its protection against unauthorized disclosure.
Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.
A country in western Europe bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, the English Channel, the Mediterranean Sea, and the countries of Belgium, Germany, Italy, Spain, Switzerland, the principalities of Andorra and Monaco, and by the duchy of Luxembourg. Its capital is Paris.
Voluntary authorization, by a patient or research subject, with full comprehension of the risks involved, for diagnostic or investigative procedures, and for medical and surgical treatment.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Restraining belts fastened to the frame of automobiles, aircraft, or other vehicles, and strapped around the person occupying the seat in the car or plane, intended to prevent the person from being thrown forward or out of the vehicle in case of sudden deceleration.
Freedom from exposure to danger and protection from the occurrence or risk of injury or loss. It suggests optimal precautions in the workplace, on the street, in the home, etc., and includes personal safety as well as the safety of property.
Certification as complying with a standard set by non-governmental organizations, applied for by institutions, programs, and facilities on a voluntary basis.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
Components of a national health care system which administer specific services, e.g., national health insurance.
Ventilatory support system using frequencies from 60-900 cycles/min or more. Three types of systems have been distinguished on the basis of rates, volumes, and the system used. They are high frequency positive-pressure ventilation (HFPPV); HIGH-FREQUENCY JET VENTILATION; (HFJV); and high-frequency oscillation (HFO).
Organized efforts to insure obedience to the laws of a community.
Government required written and driving test given to individuals prior to obtaining an operator's license.
Deeply perforating or puncturing type intraocular injuries.
Educational programs for dental graduates entering a specialty. They include formal specialty training as well as academic work in the clinical and basic dental sciences, and may lead to board certification or an advanced dental degree.
The interrelationship of medicine and religion.
Compliance with a set of standards defined by non-governmental organizations. Certification is applied for by individuals on a voluntary basis and represents a professional status when achieved, e.g., certification for a medical specialty.
A course of study offered by an educational institution.
Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
Ground up seed of WHEAT.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
Wounds caused by objects penetrating the skin.
A two-person sport in which the fists are skillfully used to attack and defend.
The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
Individuals licensed to practice DENTISTRY.
Revealing of information, by oral or written communication.
Use of written, printed, or graphic materials upon or accompanying a food or its container or wrapper. The concept includes ingredients, NUTRITIONAL VALUE, directions, warnings, and other relevant information.
Institutions with an organized medical staff which provide medical care to patients.
The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.
A condition of the newborn marked by DYSPNEA with CYANOSIS, heralded by such prodromal signs as dilatation of the alae nasi, expiratory grunt, and retraction of the suprasternal notch or costal margins, mostly frequently occurring in premature infants, children of diabetic mothers, and infants delivered by cesarean section, and sometimes with no apparent predisposing cause.
The use of a bicycle for transportation or recreation. It does not include the use of a bicycle in studying the body's response to physical exertion (BICYCLE ERGOMETRY TEST see EXERCISE TEST).
A course or method of action selected, usually by an organization, institution, university, society, etc., from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions and positions on matters of public interest or social concern. It does not include internal policy relating to organization and administration within the corporate body, for which ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION is available.
Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.
Removal and pathologic examination of specimens in the form of small pieces of tissue from the living body.
The effect of environmental or physiological factors on the driver and driving ability. Included are driving fatigue, and the effect of drugs, disease, and physical disabilities on driving.
Financial assistance provided by the government to indigent families with dependent children who meet certain requirements as defined by the Social Security Act, Title IV, in the U.S.
A subspecialty of pathology applied to the solution of clinical problems, especially the use of laboratory methods in clinical diagnosis. (Dorland, 28th ed.)
The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.
Injuries caused by impact with a blunt object where there is no penetration of the skin.
The period of medical education in a medical school. In the United States it follows the baccalaureate degree and precedes the granting of the M.D.
Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.
Government sponsored social insurance programs.
State plans prepared by the State Health Planning and Development Agencies which are made up from plans submitted by the Health Systems Agencies and subject to review and revision by the Statewide Health Coordinating Council.
Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.
Individuals licensed to practice medicine.
Devices designed to provide personal protection against injury to individuals exposed to hazards in industry, sports, aviation, or daily activities.
Men and women working in the provision of health services, whether as individual practitioners or employees of health institutions and programs, whether or not professionally trained, and whether or not subject to public regulation. (From A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)
Damage or trauma inflicted to the eye by external means. The concept includes both surface injuries and intraocular injuries.
Small computers using LSI (large-scale integration) microprocessor chips as the CPU (central processing unit) and semiconductor memories for compact, inexpensive storage of program instructions and data. They are smaller and less expensive than minicomputers and are usually built into a dedicated system where they are optimized for a particular application. "Microprocessor" may refer to just the CPU or the entire microcomputer.
Agents of the law charged with the responsibility of maintaining and enforcing law and order among the citizenry.
The use of animals as investigational subjects.
A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.
The systems and processes involved in the establishment, support, management, and operation of registers, e.g., disease registers.
Detection of drugs that have been abused, overused, or misused, including legal and illegal drugs. Urine screening is the usual method of detection.
A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
Programs of surveillance designed to prevent the transmission of disease by any means from person to person or from animal to man.
Unforeseen occurrences, especially injuries in the course of work-related activities.
A medical specialty concerned with the skin, its structure, functions, diseases, and treatment.
A nonmetallic element of the halogen group that is represented by the atomic symbol I, atomic number 53, and atomic weight of 126.90. It is a nutritionally essential element, especially important in thyroid hormone synthesis. In solution, it has anti-infective properties and is used topically.
A form of IODINE deficiency disorders characterized by an enlargement of the THYROID GLAND in a significantly large fraction of a POPULATION GROUP. Endemic goiter is common in mountainous and iodine-deficient areas of the world where the DIET contains insufficient amount of iodine.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.
The containment, regulation, or restraint of costs. Costs are said to be contained when the value of resources committed to an activity is not considered excessive. This determination is frequently subjective and dependent upon the specific geographic area of the activity being measured. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Programs of training in medicine and medical specialties offered by hospitals for graduates of medicine to meet the requirements established by accrediting authorities.
Federal program, created by Public Law 89-97, Title XIX, a 1965 amendment to the Social Security Act, administered by the states, that provides health care benefits to indigent and medically indigent persons.
The charge levied on the consumer for drugs or therapy prescribed under written order of a physician or other health professional.
That distinct portion of the institutional, industrial, or economic structure of a country that is controlled or owned by non-governmental, private interests.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
The branch of medicine concerned with the evaluation and initial treatment of urgent and emergent medical problems, such as those caused by accidents, trauma, sudden illness, poisoning, or disasters. Emergency medical care can be provided at the hospital or at sites outside the medical facility.
The abrupt cessation of all vital bodily functions, manifested by the permanent loss of total cerebral, respiratory, and cardiovascular functions.
Administration of vaccines to stimulate the host's immune response. This includes any preparation intended for active immunological prophylaxis.
Absolute, comparative, or differential costs pertaining to services, institutions, resources, etc., or the analysis and study of these costs.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Use for articles concerning dental education in general.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
Organized services to administer immunization procedures in the prevention of various diseases. The programs are made available over a wide range of sites: schools, hospitals, public health agencies, voluntary health agencies, etc. They are administered to an equally wide range of population groups or on various administrative levels: community, municipal, state, national, international.
The assessing of academic or educational achievement. It includes all aspects of testing and test construction.
Injuries incurred during participation in competitive or non-competitive sports.
General or unspecified injuries to the chest area.
Societies whose membership is limited to physicians.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Mechanical devices used to produce or assist pulmonary ventilation.
Injuries resulting in hemorrhage, usually manifested in the skin.
Studies determining the effectiveness or value of processes, personnel, and equipment, or the material on conducting such studies. For drugs and devices, CLINICAL TRIALS AS TOPIC; DRUG EVALUATION; and DRUG EVALUATION, PRECLINICAL are available.
The observation and analysis of movements in a task with an emphasis on the amount of time required to perform the task.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Health insurance plans intended to reduce unnecessary health care costs through a variety of mechanisms, including: economic incentives for physicians and patients to select less costly forms of care; programs for reviewing the medical necessity of specific services; increased beneficiary cost sharing; controls on inpatient admissions and lengths of stay; the establishment of cost-sharing incentives for outpatient surgery; selective contracting with health care providers; and the intensive management of high-cost health care cases. The programs may be provided in a variety of settings, such as HEALTH MAINTENANCE ORGANIZATIONS and PREFERRED PROVIDER ORGANIZATIONS.
Individuals who have developed skills, physical stamina and strength or participants in SPORTS or other physical activities.
Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.
Works about pre-planned studies of the safety, efficacy, or optimum dosage schedule (if appropriate) of one or more diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques selected according to predetermined criteria of eligibility and observed for predefined evidence of favorable and unfavorable effects. This concept includes clinical trials conducted both in the U.S. and in other countries.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
A graphic device used in decision analysis, series of decision options are represented as branches (hierarchical).
Radiography of blood vessels after injection of a contrast medium.
A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of VITAMIN B 12 in the diet, characterized by megaloblastic anemia. Since vitamin B 12 is not present in plants, humans have obtained their supply from animal products, from multivitamin supplements in the form of pills, and as additives to food preparations. A wide variety of neuropsychiatric abnormalities is also seen in vitamin B 12 deficiency and appears to be due to an undefined defect involving myelin synthesis. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p848)
Programs of disease surveillance, generally within health care facilities, designed to investigate, prevent, and control the spread of infections and their causative microorganisms.
Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.
A province of western Canada, lying between the provinces of British Columbia and Saskatchewan. Its capital is Edmonton. It was named in honor of Princess Louise Caroline Alberta, the fourth daughter of Queen Victoria. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p26 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p12)
The area of a nation's economy that is tax-supported and under government control.
A group of water-soluble vitamins, some of which are COENZYMES.
Death resulting from the presence of a disease in an individual, as shown by a single case report or a limited number of patients. This should be differentiated from DEATH, the physiological cessation of life and from MORTALITY, an epidemiological or statistical concept.
A specialty concerned with the nature and cause of disease as expressed by changes in cellular or tissue structure and function caused by the disease process.
Any infection which a patient contracts in a health-care institution.
Professional medical personnel approved to provide care to patients in a hospital.
Surgical incision into the chest wall.
Health insurance coverage for all persons in a state or country, rather than for some subset of the population. It may extend to the unemployed as well as to the employed; to aliens as well as to citizens; for pre-existing conditions as well as for current illnesses; for mental as well as for physical conditions.
The activities and endeavors of the public health services in a community on any level.
Facilities for the preparation and dispensing of drugs.
Systematic and thorough inspection of the patient for physical signs of disease or abnormality.
Criteria and standards used for the determination of the appropriateness of the inclusion of patients with specific conditions in proposed treatment plans and the criteria used for the inclusion of subjects in various clinical trials and other research protocols.
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.
Conformity in fulfilling or following official, recognized, or institutional requirements, guidelines, recommendations, protocols, pathways, or other standards.
Hospitals controlled by various types of government, i.e., city, county, district, state or federal.
The availability of HEALTH PERSONNEL. It includes the demand and recruitment of both professional and allied health personnel, their present and future supply and distribution, and their assignment and utilization.
Individuals enrolled a school of dentistry or a formal educational program in leading to a degree in dentistry.
A group of islands in the southwest Pacific. Its capital is Wellington. It was discovered by the Dutch explorer Abel Tasman in 1642 and circumnavigated by Cook in 1769. Colonized in 1840 by the New Zealand Company, it became a British crown colony in 1840 until 1907 when colonial status was terminated. New Zealand is a partly anglicized form of the original Dutch name Nieuw Zeeland, new sea land, possibly with reference to the Dutch province of Zeeland. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p842 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p378)
A system for verifying and maintaining a desired level of quality in a product or process by careful planning, use of proper equipment, continued inspection, and corrective action as required. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Health services for employees, usually provided by the employer at the place of work.
The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.
A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.
Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. The concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.
Assessment of physiological capacities in relation to job requirements. It is usually done by measuring certain physiological (e.g., circulatory and respiratory) variables during a gradually increasing workload until specific limitations occur with respect to those variables.
An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to maintaining standards of quality of foods, drugs, therapeutic devices, etc.
Educational programs designed to inform physicians of recent advances in their field.
Hospital facilities equipped to carry out investigative procedures.
Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.
Guidelines and objectives pertaining to food supply and nutrition including recommendations for healthy diet.
The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.
Mandatory. Retrieved December 4, 2020. Soucek, Andy. "Amazingly Awful Wrestling Lyrics: Volume 2". Bleacher Report. Turner ... Broadcasting System, Inc. Retrieved December 4, 2020. Scott, Keith. "The SmarK Retro Repost - Wrestlemania V". Inside Pulse. ...
... are reported on EPA's Rad Net web site[55] in a section entitled Envirofacts.[56] Despite mandatory reporting certain readings ... EPA: Basic Information about the Integrated Risk Information System *^ "About the Office of Land and Emergency Management". EPA ... EPA employees have reported difficulty in conducting and reporting the results of studies on hydraulic fracturing due to ... Until 1984 the EPA reported the exact fuel economy figures calculated from the test.[citation needed] In 1984, the EPA began ...
Furthermore, mandatory reporting may also hinder access to medical aid, and psycho-social intervention. It contradicts the ... There may be many survivors who do not want to go through the trauma of criminal justice system, but this provision does not ... However, under the Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act, it is not mandatory to report the identity of the person seeking an ... "Mandatory Reporting Under POCSO: Are We Ready?". www.legallyindia.com. Retrieved 20 August 2019. Priyangee (18 May 2018). " ...
"Mandatory Reporting of Conventional Generation Performance Data" (PDF). Generating Availability Data System. North American ... Barlow and Proschan [1975] define availability of a repairable system as "the probability that the system is operating at a ... for an R-out-of-N system with spares and repairs, Fawzi and Hawkes [1990] for a series system with replacement and repair, Iyer ... Refer to Systems engineering for more details If we are using equipment which has a mean time to failure (MTTF) of 81.5 years ...
... "gaming the system" by incorrectly reporting their mandatory declarations. He has also called for the Public Administration and ...
Regulating Sustainability Reporting - Is a Mandatory Approach Better than a Voluntary One? (Dec 20, 2011) Does Canada Have a ... Via the Internet, students can complete their studies using a system that integrates text material, study guides, video and ... Introduced in 2011, Professional Experience Required for Certification (PERC) is the national reporting process for students in ... Report of the Forum on SME Issues - Unlocking the potential of the SME Sector (Jul 14, 2010)* Issue in Focus - Registered ...
Dengoso: After I report to my superiors, if they give me permission to share what I know, I'll contact you. / Bowman: By the ... In that context, it made more sense to ask why she continued once her mandatory sentence had ended. She told me it went from ... She's still defiant, up against the system. But it's also clear even as she teases others about their "superhero sense of ... She told him that she is a "survivor", which is why she continued once her mandatory sentence had ended; she explained it as a ...
This current[when?] system is controversial, as it is possible for one person to delete persons who live with them from the ... The final report was released in 2011. According to the House of Commons Hansard from 16 January 2012, the IVR initiative is ... For all citizens in the country and abroad voting is mandatory, unless legally exempted. Failing to vote in the election of 7 ... The current[when?] system of registration in the United Kingdom (UK), introduced by the Labour government, is known as rolling ...
The report found that: Existing BSA regulations are applicable to the U.S.-based operators of informal value transfer systems. ... The MLCA also made mandatory exceptions to certain reports that had little use to U.S. law enforcement agencies. In 2001, ... "Currency Reporting - Money Laundering" (accessed May 27, 2006) "Report to Congress: Use of Currency Transaction Reports" ... FinCEN should continue to seek ways to improve the efficiency and efficacy of the CTR reporting system. It should also work ...
Those changes included mandatory training sessions, anonymous reporting, and protections for interns. Wagle has expressed ... Kansas Legislative Information System and Services. Retrieved October 20, 2015. Susan Wagle, GOP leader of Kansas Senate, ... "The Voter's Self Defense System". Vote Smart. Retrieved October 29, 2018. "Senator Susan Wagle - President of the Senate". ... The Wichita Eagle's Jonathan Shorman reported that journalists were "'prevented from witnessing the arrests'". Calling Wagle's ...
Many states followed California's lead and enacted mandatory data breach notification laws. As a result, companies that report ... Victims of identity theft may face years of effort proving to the legal system that they are the true person, leading to ... In the report, she defined the crime for the first time and made the plight of victims public. The report's definition of the ... According to a report done for the FTC, identity theft is not always detectable by the individual victims. Identity fraud is ...
... the 2006 report erroneously used Belgian francs instead of euros. The public educational system, from kindergarten to ... Religious or "moral" instruction is mandatory in public schools and is provided according to the student's religious or ... During this reporting period, contrary to previous years, there were no reports in Flanders or elsewhere of Jehovah's Witnesses ... There were few reports of societal abuses or discrimination based on religious belief or practice. Some reports of ...
The Court upheld mandatory disclosure and reporting provisions, but it narrowed the types of speech to which they could apply. ... Discussion of public issues and debate on the qualifications of candidates are integral to the operation of the system of ... The Court upheld a system of voluntary government funding of campaigns, including limits on spending by candidates who choose ... The Court struck down the system by which members of Congress directly appointed Federal Election Commission commissioners. The ...
The (mandatory) HID report protocol, which is what operating systems use, imposes no restrictions and supports full n-key ... When the data is sent via the USB protocol, there are two operating modes: Human Interface Device (HID) "report protocol" and " ... This will limit the number of simultaneous key presses that can be reported. ... on rollover and low-end keyboards may impose the same restrictions regardless of whether the boot protocol or the HID report ...
The strippenkaart system was formally abandoned in November 2011. Within the national rail system, the principal rail operator ... In 2013, TLS reported that because of this new chip, fraud had been reduced to a minimum. In April 2007, the OV-chipkaart ... "Geen privacybezwaren tegen verplicht inchecken OV-chipkaart ("No privacy objections against mandatory check-in with OV- ... The implementation of the OV-chipkaart system in all public transport systems in the Netherlands has proven to be a complex and ...
The DOD reported that Navistar was the only bidder. The work includes adding independent suspension systems and replacement of ... mandatory parts, with an estimated completion date of June 30, 2016. Work will be performed in West Point, MS. In September ... In 2016's annual report, Navistar Defense reported $198 million in sales. The 2016 military sales primarily consisted of ... 83,424,223 cost-plus-fixed-fee multi-year contract for system technical support and system sustainment technical support for ...
The BSA was amended to make it mandatory to report suspicious transactions and an attempt was made to make such reporting ... "determined that the fingerprint system used was not as accurate as current state-of-the-art fingerprint systems and is ... the report, entitled "Director of Central Intelligence Report on the National Virtual Translation Center: A Concept Plan to ... those who operate informal value transfer systems outside of the mainstream financial system-were included in the definition of ...
United States The 1999 Institute of Medicine (IOM) report recommended "a nationwide mandatory reporting system … that provides ... The Patient Safety Reporting System (PSRS) is a program modeled upon the Aviation Safety Reporting System and developed by the ... Disconnected reporting systems within a hospital: fragmented systems in which numerous hand-offs of patients results in lack of ... The reporting system is intended purely for learning and frontline personnel cannot experience sanctions for reporting. This is ...
New equipment and technology include the Nav Canada Auxiliary Radar Display System and the company's state-of-the-art voice ... Aircraft must broadcast their intentions on the mandatory frequency 124.8 MHz prior to entering the control zone. Afterwards ... "Aviation Investigation Report A10O0240". Transportation Safety Board of Canada. November 18, 2010. Retrieved January 25, 2019. ... There are three non-precision instrument approaches available: a Global Positioning System (GPS) approach to runway 33, a non- ...
New restrictions imposed by the government include mandatory tests for anybody travelling on the city's subway system, ... It was reported that the main disagreements lie with the size of the grants, with several countries, led by the Netherlands, ... Irish airline Ryanair reported a loss of 185 million euros in the first financial quarter of 2020 as a direct result of ... A report revealed that the national airline of the United Arab Emirates, Emirates has reduced its workforce by 10 per cent ...
... and institutes a mandatory emissions reporting system to monitor compliance. This agreement represents the first enforceable ... The report nominates the F-35 fighter and close-to-shore combat ship projects as possible targets. In June 2015, the Obama ... The report estimates that public sector spending of $55 billion is needed to tackle climate change. The 2017 national budget ... The system affects fossil fuel power plants with 25 MW or greater generating capacity ("compliance entities"). Since 2005, the ...
These systems generally report at hourly intervals, but also report special observations if weather conditions change rapidly ... The message is updated at least once per minute, and this is the only mandatory form of weather reporting for an AWOS. ... In the United States, the AWOS/ASOS data acquisition system (ADAS), a computer system run by the FAA, polls the systems ... To report freezing rain, the system combines the sensor output from the freezing rain sensor with data from the LEDWI. The ...
Press reports indicate that in June 2012, a mentally ill prisoner was forced into a locked shower by staff at Dade Correctional ... Incarceration is determined by the judge on the basis of a point system. On various scoresheets, if the criminal or crime ... scores above 44, imprisonment is mandatory; under 22, the convict may not be imprisoned. Between the two, judges have ... The Florida Department of Corrections operates the third largest state prison system in the United States. It is the largest ...
... promote retirement savings by covering future workforce through mandatory inclusion of workers in the social security system, ... SEDESOL reported a total of 4,248,047 beneficiaries of PPE in the country. Mexico is among the three OECD countries that offer ... Implement a pro-rata system to generate the transition from the old system to that of individual accounts. In this regard, the ... ISBN 978-92-64-22054-6. Alonso, Hoyo,Tuesta, J. ,C.,D. (2014). "A model for the pension system in Mexico: diagnosis and ...
The fire was reported on July 6, one of a handful of brush fires that started in the area due to high temperatures and dry ... The fire caused the mandatory evacuation of the community of Forest Falls for two days. Inland Leaders Charter School served as ... "Evening Update for the Valley Fire, July 6, 2018 - InciWeb the Incident Information System". InciWeb. US Forest Service. ... The Valley Fire was reported on July 6 at 1:42 PM PDT, burning in a steep, inaccessible mountainside near Valley of the Falls ...
It has maintained a system of uncertainty surrounding the boundaries of acceptable reporting, encouraging self-censorship. One ... All-China Journalists Association updated its code of ethics and mandatory exam requiring journalists to be guided by Xi ... objectively and uniformly reported, with no tardiness, deception, incompleteness or distortion". Recent reports by Chinese ... The Guardian reported in 2018 that the China Watch newspaper supplement was being carried by The Telegraph along with other ...
An ideal near miss event reporting system includes both mandatory (for incidents with high loss potential) and voluntary, non- ... confidential reports. CIRAS (the Confidential Incident Reporting and Analysis System) is a confidential reporting system ... developed the Patient Safety Reporting System modeled upon the Aviation Safety Reporting System to monitor patient safety ... the Aviation Safety Reporting System (ASRS) has been collecting confidential voluntary reports of close calls from pilots, ...
... mandatory problem reporting and recalls. In December, 2010, a notice was released by Health Canada further clarifying the ... In order to obtain a medical device licence, manufacturers must hold a quality management system (QMS) certificate issued by an ... 1] Weber-Jahnke, J. (2011). A Preliminary Study of Apparent Causes and Outcomes of Reported Failures with Patient Management ... that the rules are disproportionately strict in comparison to the actual risk associated with a wide variety of eHealth systems ...
... or to avoid mandatory reporting of large transactions from financial institutions to governments. Because IVTS provides ... "Frontline Special Report: drug wars - the Black Peso Money Laundering System". Frontline. PBS. Retrieved 19 November 2020. CS1 ... Ballard, Roger (6 April 2003). "A Background Report on the Operation of Informal Value Transfer Systems (Hawala)" (PDF). Centre ... An informal value transfer system (IVTS) is any system, mechanism, or network of people that receives money for the purpose of ...
The report is sent through an electronic system called SmiNet to the Public Health Agency of Sweden. As of January 2018, the ... The notifiable diseases come under four categories : notifiable, mandatory contact tracing required, dangerous to public health ... A notifiable disease is one which that has to be reported to the government authorities as required by law. In Sweden, over 50 ... notifiable diseases should be reported by the laboratories, doctor treating the patient or performing autopsy. ...
Implementation of Federal Financial Report Upcoming Mandatory Use of the Federal Financial Report System in the eRA Commons ... Implementation of Federal Financial Report - Upcoming Mandatory Use of the Federal Financial Report System in the eRA Commons ... Reporting expenditure data on the FFR replaces the reporting of expenditures on the Financial Status Report (FSR). All new ... The transition to use of the FFR for reporting expenditure data includes new reporting dates for annual FFRs, and reporting of ...
... ... have a workable system in place before it becomes mandatory.. We have our movement reporting database ready to go this month in ... expects a voluntary system to be in place before movement reporting become a requirement.. Clip-Jeff Clark-Canadian Pork ... on a voluntary basis in advance of regulatory changes that will make the reporting of swine movements in Canada mandatory.. To ...
... to learn how to use the agencys new electronic injury reporting system. ... Feds delay mandatory use of electronic injury reporting system again To A Friend. Email a copy of Feds delay mandatory use of ...
Self-reported vessel speeds when entering the systems indicated that most ships travelled between 10 and 16 (range = 5-20 +) ... The number of reports into the southern system remained relatively constant following a steady increase through 2007, but ... Archived incoming reports provided a 15-plus year history of ship operations in these two locations. We analyzed a total of ... In return, reporting ships receive an automatically-generated message, delivered directly to the ships bridge, that provides ...
PSPC , Discipline System and Reporting ​. EDUCATOR DISCIPLINE SYSTEM AND MANDATORY REPORTING. The contours of the educator ... discipline system are established in the Educator Discipline Act (Act) (24 P.S. §2070.1a et seq.). Under the Act, the ...
... system. Specifically, we propose to amend our rules to make mandatory the electronic submission on EDGAR of applications for ... Rule 609 [48] of Regulation E requires the filing of reports of sales on Form 2-E.[49] ... Rulemaking for EDGAR System; Mandatory Electronic Submission of Applications for Orders Under the Investment Company Act and ... We also stated that we were contemplating future rulemaking to bring more of our filings into the EDGAR system on a mandatory ...
... regulations governing the retention and reporting of information regarding F, J, and M nonimmigrants (foreign nationals having ... On January 30, 2003, the use of the Student and Exchange Visitor Information System (SEVIS) will become mandatory for the ... Retention and Reporting of Information for F, J, and M Nonimmigrants; Student and Exchange Visitor Information System (SEVIS). ... ii) Report date and program completion date on Form I-20. When determining the report date on the Form I-20, the DSO may choose ...
... presents favorable study outcomes for its Evolut TAVR system, which is expected to offer better treatment options to low-risk ... RMD) : Free Stock Analysis Report. QIAGEN N.V. (QGEN) : Free Stock Analysis Report. To read this article on Zacks.com click ... Mandatory face masks could prevent 5% GDP hit: Goldman Sachs. Yahoo Finance Video ... Click to get this free report. Medtronic PLC (MDT) : Free Stock Analysis Report. Haemonetics Corporation (HAE) : Free Stock ...
Once the system has been fully installed, the librarys resources will be accessible from all networked PCs on campus, then ... is claiming it will have the countrys first virtual library when its library system is upgraded this year. ... Australia Mandatory Data Breach Notification Report. * Work smarter: Make better use of your data. ... but Bussen says they settled on URiCA because it was a proven library system with a large network of library systems around the ...
... the next generation of notebook PC running the default power-management system in Windows 98 and Windows NT 5.0 will actually ... Australia Mandatory Data Breach Notification Report. * Work smarter: Make better use of your data. ... Windows systems suck more juice. Despite claims to the contrary by Microsoft and Intel, the next generation of notebook PC ... "Although the operating system will perform most of the work for OnNow, applications must be designed for power management to ...
Prepare your business for the introduction of mandatory carbon reporting in April 2013.The Carbon Trust is running a number of ... World Energy Outlook 2018 Examines Future Patterns of Global Energy System. Nov. 15, 2018. At a time when geopolitical factors ... No comments were found for Mandatory carbon reporting - briefing and Q&A sessions. Be the first to comment! ... Mandatory carbon reporting applies to companies listed on the London Stock Exchange, and its impact is likely to be felt ...
Abuse reporting system now practiced by Diocese of Wheeling-Charleston. *Second stimulus checks: Progress slow on virus relief ... 2 a total of 93,031(+944) cases were reported in Ohio since the pandemic began, leading to 3,529(+14) deaths and 10,900(+43) ... 3 a total of 93,963 (+932) cases were reported in Ohio since the pandemic began, leading to 3,539 (+10) deaths and 10,992 (+92 ...
Eliminate mandatory minimum sentences.. The United States should eliminate mandatory minimum sentences. Judges should be ... This report chronicles the racial disparity that permeates every stage of the United States criminal justice system, from ... Report to the United Nations on Racial Disparities in the U.S. Criminal Justice System. April 19, 2018 ... As the research presented in this report indicates, the causes of the racial disparities in the U.S. criminal justice system ...
Mandatory reporting of Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia (bloodstream infections) should be introduced to help improved health ... Researchers Use Genetic Map To See How Staph Infections Alter Human Immune System. Researchers have used genetic mapping to ... Call For Mandatory Reporting Of Golden Staph Bloodstream Infections. by VR Sreeraman on October 3, 2009 at 12:03 PM General ... "Mandatory reporting should be introduced to ensure all health care facilities start collecting and acting on data about SAB ...
An ideal report-based surveillance system would begin with a health care provider recognizing a reportable condition, followed ... Even when case finding is via more efficient methods such as laboratory reporting, mandatory reporting requirements are ... Additional information regarding time frames for reporting, agencies to which reports are required, persons required to report ... Mandatory Reporting of Occupational Diseases by Clinicians Eugene Freund, MD, MSPH Paul J. Seligman, MD Terence L. Chorba, MD, ...
B.C. Makes Masks Mandatory In Public Spaces As COVID-19 Cases Surge ... Butchofskys extensive experience with and passion for the punctal plug delivery system put him in the best position to realize ... Eye drug company QLT signs option agreement to sell punctal plug delivery system. ... 500,000 for a 90-day exclusive option to buy the assets of QLTs punctal plug system, which is used to deliver a variety of ...
HRSA announces 340B information system outage beginning August 15 More For CY 2018, Meaningful Use reporting period is once ... Alabama health system and clinics to pay $24.5 million to settle alleged diagnostic imaging scheme More ... CMS finalized the new policy in the CY 2015 Outpatient Prospective Payment System Final Rule and the CY 2015 Physician Fee ... OIG report finds Ohio Department of Medicaid made payments for deceased beneficiaries More ...
Make research projects and school reports about Administration of criminal justice easy with credible articles from our FREE, ... Presentence Report; Sentencing: Procedural Protection; Statistics: Reporting Systems and Methods; Victimless Crime; Victims ... one part of the system causes it to "bulge" somewhere else. For example, mandatory minimum sentence reforms are often undercut ... Major system actors: organization and function. The actual work of the criminal justice system is performed by a large number ...
No consumption = no mandatory cost shifting.). Posted by: Mary42 , May 12, 2010 12:04 PM , Report abuse ... thats not "gaming the system" or free-riding either. You just stop consuming the product once it costs more than its worth. ... Posted by: rmgregory , May 12, 2010 12:21 PM , Report abuse I read a good article a few months back about the effects of the ... Posted by: ThomasEN , May 12, 2010 12:35 PM , Report abuse I dont see how the Google approach is going to help the local ...
Prettner Solon voted Yea (Conference Report Vote) - SF 3001 - Education Mandatory Attendance and Report Card Modification ... Prettner Solon voted Yea (Conference Report Vote) - HF 2285 - Funding for Natural Resources and Cultural Heritage. ... Prettner Solon voted Yea (Conference Report Vote) - SF 2081 - Employment and Economic Development Amendments. ...
Traffic Separation Schemes and Mandatory Ship Reporting System in the Baltic for the approaches to the Polish ports in the Gulf ... 2.3 Ship reporting system The Government of Poland proposes to approve a mandatory ship reporting system covering the ... 1.2 History of the Traffic Separation Schemes and Mandatory Ship Reporting System in the Gulf of Gdańsk With a view to enhance ... 3. Area covered by the proposed mandatory ship reporting system in the Polish waters in the Gulf of Gdańsk or any incident ...
The Commission periodically publishes research reports that focus on a single area of the federal criminal justice system. They ... 2011 Report to the Congress: Mandatory Minimum Penalties in the Federal Criminal Justice System. October, 2011 ... 1991 Report to the Congress: Mandatory Minimum Penalties in the Federal Criminal Justice System. August, 1991 ... 2017 Overview of Mandatory Minimum Penalties in the Federal Criminal Justice System. July, 2017 ...
The Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS) was created by Congress under the National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act of ... Say NO to Mandatory Vaccines T-Shirt. 100% Pre-shrunk Cotton. Order here! ... Electronic System for Public Health Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System. AHRQ 2011.. 5 VAERS Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting ... Less Than 1% of Vaccine Injuries Reported in the Government National Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System. ...
First of all, VAERS is not mandatory. Its a voluntary reporting system. No one is "obligated" to report anything. Actually, ... Anyone notice that Quakenbush doesnt address the issue of mandatory reporting at all? Why is it that anti-vaxxers and ... Also, anyone can report anything as a vaccine injury. (Remember the pro-vaccine parent who reported that a vaccine had turned ... So a physician is not obligated to report them, and no state medical board will discipline a physician for not reporting to ...
... and private-sector patient safety reporting systems; and the fourth, federal reporting systems. The fact that there is no ... for rich narrative text that makes up a significant portion of patient safety information from voluntary and mandatory reports. ... The first two points apply to both paper-based and computer-based systems; for example, a laboratory test report will have the ... Appendix E: Key Capabilities of an Electronic Health Record System: Letter Report 430-470 ...
Mark Waller voted Nay (Conference Report Vote) - HB 1057 - Mandatory Unpaid Parental Work Leave for Education Activities. ... Mark Waller voted Nay (Passage) - HB 1057 - Mandatory Unpaid Parental Work Leave for Education Activities. ...
Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Lahey Health System, Burlington, Mass.. 6. Harvard Medical School, Boston, ... Mandatory public reporting of cardiac surgery outcomes: The 2003 to 2014 Massachusetts experience.. Shahian DM1, Torchiana DF2 ... During 12 years of mandatory public reporting, Massachusetts risk-standardized coronary artery bypass graft mortality was ... National Database data to the Massachusetts Data Analysis Center for mandatory state-based analysis and reporting, and to STS ...
Critics state that mandatory reporting may make the public more vigilant or overload the child welfare system which may ... Mandatory reporting is also criticized because it jeopardizes the ability of people, including abused people, to seek medical ... Originally created to respond to physical abuse, reporting systems in various countries began to expand[when?] to address ... A further criticism is that mandatory reporting laws have had unintended consequences. Individuals, including juveniles, who ...
  • 2 There have been 17,394 reports of permanent disability following vaccinations, with about 30 percent occurring in children under age 17, while about 40 percent are in adults between 17 and 65 years old. (healthimpactnews.com)
  • Holland is the general counsel for Children's Health Defense, an organization founded by Robert F. Kennedy Jr. that has fought against the elimination of exemptions for mandatory vaccinations for children, especially those who are medically fragile. (theepochtimes.com)
  • If the bill is enacted into law, Richardson says, it will in effect forced mandatory vaccinations onto children even when their parents have decided it's in their best interest to deny them. (thenewamerican.com)
  • Per a report by Mordor Intelligence, the cardiovascular devices market is expected to witness a CAGR of 6.3% between 2019 and 2024. (yahoo.com)
  • June 2019) This report is the sixth in a series of recidivism reports and provides an analysis of federal firearms. (ussc.gov)
  • January 2019) This report examines variations in sentencing practices-and corresponding variations in sentencing. (ussc.gov)
  • January 2019) This publication examines the application of mandatory minimum penalties specific to federal sex. (ussc.gov)
  • Since VAERS began collecting reports in 1990, as of Nov. 14, 2019 there have been 8,087 vaccine-related deaths reported and about 47 percent of those death reports were for children under the age of three. (healthimpactnews.com)
  • In a move sure to be popular with hunters, gun deer season will continuously run from Nov. 19, 2016, through Feb. 10, 2017, statewide - provided that the Game Check harvest reporting system makes it through the legislative review process. (outdooralabama.com)
  • Revised the dog deer hunting permit system to require a 500-acre minimum acreage for any new dog deer hunting permits issued after March 26, 2016, and placed Baldwin and Marengo counties under the revised system. (outdooralabama.com)
  • After Zika virus (ZIKV) infection in Costa Rica was confirmed in January 2016, the national surveillance system was enhanced to monitor associated birth defects. (cdc.gov)
  • Markets Research Reports.biz added deep and professional market research reports on 'China Animal Vaccine Industry Report, 2013-2016' Market Analysis and Overview. (prweb.com)
  • We conducted a retrospective, descriptive study of the adverse events that took place after HPV vaccination, reported to the Adverse Events Following Immunization (AEFI) Information System in Sao Paulo State, from March 2014 to December 2016. (scielo.br)
  • The Canadian Pork Council expects to have a working swine traceability system in operation on a voluntary basis in advance of regulatory changes that will make the reporting of swine movements in Canada mandatory. (farmscape.ca)
  • Jeff Clark, the manager of PigTrace Canada an initiative of the Canadian Pork Council, expects a voluntary system to be in place before movement reporting become a requirement. (farmscape.ca)
  • We are expecting to come out with our program under a voluntary basis and that way we will, quite confident, have a workable system in place before it becomes mandatory. (farmscape.ca)
  • In the United States, notification of diseases began in 1874 when the State Board of Health of Massachussets initiated weekly voluntary reporting of prevalent diseases. (cdc.gov)
  • The reporting system is voluntary and studies estimate it captures a small percentage of all adverse effects in most cases. (theepochtimes.com)
  • Provides an overview of IRB policies and procedures for reporting adverse events to ensure that the risks/benefits relationship to subjects participating in research studies remains acceptable. (umass.edu)
  • Describes in detail how to report an adverse event through e-Protocol. (umass.edu)
  • The Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS) was created by Congress under the National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act of 1986 and became operational in 1990 in response to growing public concern about the safety of vaccines, particularly the DPT (diphtheria-pertussis-tetanus) vaccine. (healthimpactnews.com)
  • Although 25% of ambulatory patients experience an adverse drug event, less than 0.3% of all adverse drug events and 1-13% of serious events are reported to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). (healthimpactnews.com)
  • Likewise, fewer than 1% of vaccine adverse events are reported. (healthimpactnews.com)
  • 8 Reporting requirements also vary with the type of vaccine reaction, as well as by vaccine, and adverse events that occur after receipt of newer vaccines are more commonly reported than those that occur with vaccines that have been used for many years. (healthimpactnews.com)
  • Reporting adverse events (AEs) and serious AEs (SAEs) are practical steps to ensure safety for volunteers and patients in medical research involving medications, treatments and devices. (mja.com.au)
  • Among recommendations to address medical errors, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) called for the creation of a nationwide mandatory reporting system for adverse events that result in death or serious injury, implemented through state collection of standardized data. (nashp.org)
  • This report describes results of a state survey of legislative and regulatory requirements for reporting medical errors and adverse events in hospital settings. (nashp.org)
  • Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed its report on issues related to adverse medical events in the nation's health care system. (gao.gov)
  • The majority of reports are for mild side effects, but the CDC says 10 percent to 15 percent of the adverse reactions include permanent disability, hospitalization, life-threatening illness, or death. (theepochtimes.com)
  • Recent action by the US EPA to finalize the Mandatory Reporting of Greenhouse Gases (GHG) Rule means that environmental managers must now seriously examine whether they are fully prepared to address the imminent requirements. (environmental-expert.com)
  • A funded mandatory earnings-related scheme complemented NDC since 2001. (oecd.org)
  • This report analyzes the 61 medical error-related bills introduced by state policy makers in 2001. (nashp.org)
  • 2001) report an increase in the percentage of elementary schools that require health education from 33 percent in kindergarten to 44 percent in grade 5. (nap.edu)
  • The Oregon State Bar House of Delegates passed a resolution at its meeting in September 2001 directing the Board of Governors to establish and supervise a comprehensive study of the Oregon State Bar disciplinary system. (osbar.org)
  • As per 2001 IOM report, there were flaws in American healthcare system. (essaytown.com)
  • Specific details vary across jurisdictions-the abuse that must be reported may include neglect, or financial, physical, sexual, or other types of abuse. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although everyone has a responsibility to report suspected abuse and neglect, Oregon state law mandates that workers in certain professions must make reports if they have reasonable cause to suspect abuse or neglect. (oregon.gov)
  • Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 1994, Child abuse and neglect Australia 1994: reporting and investigating procedures in Australia , AIHW, Canberra. (aihw.gov.au)
  • A compendium of information relating to child abuse and neglect reporting and investigation procedures in Australia. (aihw.gov.au)
  • As long as there are mandatory minimums, prosecutors dictate the sentences by the charges they bring," Fellner told NPR in an interview. (wkar.org)
  • Fellner said Congress needs to restore discretion to federal judges, by getting rid of mandatory minimums or giving judges more power to depart from sentencing guidelines based on the facts in an individual case. (wkar.org)
  • Low reporting rates preclude or slow the identification of "problem" drugs and vaccines that endanger public health. (healthimpactnews.com)
  • Although the 1986 Act legally requires doctors and other medical workers who administer vaccines in the U.S. to report vaccine reactions, Congress did not include legal penalties in the law for those who refuse to comply with the reporting requirement. (healthimpactnews.com)
  • In these four countries, most aspects of the rabies PEP distribution system operate independently of systems for other vaccines. (cdc.gov)
  • The paper addresses the following: which states require mandatory reporting systems, what type of data is reported, how states use the data, who has access to the data, and the type of technical assistance states need to improve their systems. (nashp.org)
  • Four states, Pennsylvania, Illinois, Missouri, and Florida, already have laws in place which require mandatory public reporting of healthcare-associated infections (HAIs), and the California legislature passed such a bill last year, only to have it vetoed by the governor. (infectioncontroltoday.com)
  • Notably, Medtronic received the FDA's approval in 2018 for revised commercial labeling for the Evolut TAVR system. (yahoo.com)
  • We interviewed key informants in the public sector from various levels in Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, and Sri Lanka between March 2017 and May 2018 using a descriptive assessment tool to obtain information on procurement, distribution, monitoring, and reporting of rabies PEP. (cdc.gov)
  • and obtaining exemptions from mandatory religion classes in schools. (state.gov)
  • This 250-year period saw the development of a system of laws and practices that often protected white people from conviction for crimes against African Americans. (encyclopedia.com)
  • As social reformers and journalists investigated and revealed these practices, the convict-lease system gave way to state-run prison farms. (encyclopedia.com)
  • As per IOM (Institute of Medicine) report, 44,000 deaths have been reported due to failure in medical practices. (essaytown.com)
  • The hospitals reported changing their general infection control policies or practices as part of their initiatives--all 14 made changes for hand hygiene and more than half made changes to their contact precautions or disinfection of environmental surfaces. (gao.gov)
  • Religious minorities, particularly members of the Alevi community, raised challenges to religious content and practices in the public education system. (state.gov)
  • Beginning February 1, 2011, NIH will implement the expenditure data portion of the Federal Financial Report (FFR) in the eRA Commons. (nih.gov)
  • The transition to use of the FFR for reporting expenditure data includes new reporting dates for annual FFRs, and reporting of cumulative data only. (nih.gov)
  • Since January 1, 2010, NIH grantees have been required to report cash transaction data via the Payment Management System (PMS) using the FFR cash transaction data elements. (nih.gov)
  • The expenditure data elements will now be reported to NIH using the FFR in the eRA Commons. (nih.gov)
  • All NIH Financial Expenditure data due on/after February 1, 2011 must be submitted using the FFR via the eFSR/FFR system, formerly the eFSR system, in the eRA Commons. (nih.gov)
  • Reporting expenditure data on the FFR replaces the reporting of expenditures on the Financial Status Report (FSR). (nih.gov)
  • The FFR expenditure data elements are the same as the FSR data elements, except that only cumulative data is reported on the FFR. (nih.gov)
  • Data for current and previous years is not reported on the FFR. (nih.gov)
  • Medtronic plc MDT announced late-breaking clinical data from the Low Risk Bicuspid Study, which assessed the use of the Evolut transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) system in patients with bicuspid aortic valve stenosis at low surgical risks. (yahoo.com)
  • Mandatory reporting should be introduced to ensure all health care facilities start collecting and acting on data about SAB infections," Prof Collignon said. (medindia.net)
  • For the purposes of submitting the IRB final report, the study will be considered complete if only data analysis using de-identified data remains. (umass.edu)
  • In this section, you will find a comprehensive collection of research and data reports published on sentencing issues and other areas of federal crime. (ussc.gov)
  • Beginning in 2002, all 14 Massachusetts nonfederal cardiac surgery programs submitted Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) National Database data to the Massachusetts Data Analysis Center for mandatory state-based analysis and reporting, and to STS for nationally benchmarked analyses. (nih.gov)
  • A 2009 study published in JAMA on "Postlicensure Safety Surveillance for Quadrivalent Human Papillomavirus Recombinant Vaccine," found that VAERS has data analysis limitations that include "underreporting, inconsistency in the quality and completeness of reported data, stimulated reporting due to extensive news coverage and reporting biases. (healthimpactnews.com)
  • With common standards, clinical and patient safety systems can share an integrated information infrastructure whereby data are collected and reused for multiple purposes to meet more efficiently the broad scope of data collection and reporting requirements. (nap.edu)
  • The chief obstacle to achieving this capability has been the haphazard adoption of data standards for organizing, representing, and encoding clinical information so that the data can be understood and accepted by the receiving systems (Hammond, 2002). (nap.edu)
  • The lack of standards has also prevented the reuse of clinical data to meet the broad range of patient safety and quality reporting requirements, shown in Table 4-1 . (nap.edu)
  • The fact that there is no standard means of representing the data for any of these datasets or requirements is astonishing and highlights the amount of unnecessary work performed by health care and regulatory organizations to prepare, transmit, and use what amount to custom reports. (nap.edu)
  • This enables safety data to be analysed appropriately and a summary report provided to the trial steering committee, principal investigators and the relevant ethics committees in a meaningful way. (mja.com.au)
  • Explore these leading products in the cybersecurity market to best protect healthcare systems and patient data from falling victim to cyberattacks. (techtarget.com)
  • Find the most effective cybersecurity tools to protect healthcare systems and data by looking at these eight key features and what major vendors offer for these features. (techtarget.com)
  • The Division will develop an annual report of summary data. (nashp.org)
  • The OAIC finalised and published a Guide to mandatory data breach notification in the PCEHR system . (oaic.gov.au)
  • Data from 16 state health departments participating in the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry's Hazardous Substances Emergency Events Surveillance system were analyzed to determine the public health consequences that occurred from actual releases in transit. (cdc.gov)
  • The federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) developed a system--the National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN)--to collect HAI data from hospitals and some states have chosen to use it for their programs. (gao.gov)
  • Adopting NHSN allows states to minimize some of the resource and technological challenges that they confront in implementing HAI reporting systems including providing training for hospital staff in data collection and developing systems to collect HAI data that meet accepted infection control standards. (gao.gov)
  • All countries have a monitoring system in place, but there is limited reporting of data, particularly to the central level. (cdc.gov)
  • The statistics in this report are drawn from the Bureau of Justice Statistics' (BJS) National Prisoner Statistics (NPS) program, which collects annual data from all 50 states and the Federal Bureau of Prisons on prisoner counts, characteristics, admissions, releases, and prison capacity. (scribd.com)
  • We are NATA/ISO17025 accredited for the operation and maintenance of ambient air and continuous emission monitoring systems which includes data acquisition and reporting. (environmental-expert.com)
  • To accommodate swine traceability, the Canadian Food Inspection Agency is revising Canada's Health of Animals Regulation to, for the first time, require the reporting of all movements of pigs. (farmscape.ca)
  • Associate Professor Paul Johnson, Deputy Director of the Infectious Diseases Department at Austin Health in Melbourne, and his co-authors report on a program that made health care-related Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia a quality indicator at Austin Health. (medindia.net)
  • Case reporting by health care providers to public health authorities is one way of identifying sources of exposure toward which control measures can be directed. (cdc.gov)
  • The assistance of every state and territorial epidemiologist and numerous other state health department staff enabled us to assemble this report (9). (cdc.gov)
  • Written statements from each state health department listing the reportable diseases were reviewed, and telephone contacts were made to states where discrepancies existed between current and known previous reporting requirements. (cdc.gov)
  • Additional information regarding time frames for reporting, agencies to which reports are required, persons required to report, and specific conditions under which reports are required is contained in the statutes and health department regulations of the respective states. (cdc.gov)
  • Using the government's Health Star Rating System , the researchers assessed the nutritional quality of 32,000 products by 33 major food and beverage brands, including Heinz, Kellogg's and Nestle. (abc.net.au)
  • Since July 2014, under Canada's Health of Animals Act, both the shipper and receiver of swine must report animal movements to PigTrace Canada within seven days. (thepigsite.com)
  • When concerns about a child are reported to us or the police, they will be passed to the local Health and Social Care Trust's child protection team where appropriate. (nspcc.org.uk)
  • Reporting of hospital-acquired infection rates has been introduced in multiple health care systems, but its relationship to infection rates has been understudied. (ices.on.ca)
  • 5 Therefore, VAERS is really a "passive" reporting system because there is no mechanism to compel compliance and hold vaccine administrators accountable for failing to report serious health problems, hospitalizations, injuries and deaths that occur after vaccination to the government. (healthimpactnews.com)
  • However, the burden and cost of reporting should be proportionate with the public health benefit of this information. (mja.com.au)
  • Definitions and requirements for safety reporting in Australia are outlined by the international guidelines, 1 and the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) National statement on ethical conduct in human research . (mja.com.au)
  • Moreover, the burden and cost of reporting should be proportionate with the public health benefit of this information and be closely linked to a clear need to establish a safety profile, as opposed to simply fulfilling a perceived reporting requirement. (mja.com.au)
  • however, the impact on health system expenditures is unclear. (ices.on.ca)
  • This study aimed to determine whether exposure to these teams reduces health system costs compared with usual care. (ices.on.ca)
  • Our primary outcome was the overall difference in health system costs (among 5 health care sectors) between all matched pairs of exposed versus unexposed patients in the last 30 days of life. (ices.on.ca)
  • Among matched pairs, the mean health system cost difference was $512 (95% confidence interval [CI] −$641 to −$383) lower in the last 30 days among exposed than among unexposed patients. (ices.on.ca)
  • Interpretation - Our study suggests that health system costs are lower for patients who have access to community-based specialist teams than for those who receive usual care alone, largely because of decreased hospital costs. (ices.on.ca)
  • Section 111 of the Medicare, Medicaid, and SCHIP Extension Act of 2007 (MMSEA) added new mandatory reporting requirements for group health plans (GHP) and non-group health plans (NGHP), such as liability insurance (including self-insurance), no-fault insurance, and workers' compensation. (aapc.com)
  • Providing patients with mobile health technology, as well as reminder systems and options for virtual visits, can help keep them engaged in their healthcare. (techtarget.com)
  • MDLIVE CMO Lyle Berkowitz talks about why health systems need to start introducing telemedicine -- now. (techtarget.com)
  • Health care facilities are required to report sentinel events to the state Department of Human Services Division of Licensure and Certification. (nashp.org)
  • Here she discusses why the Ebola decision has relevance for the U.S. health care system. (kbia.org)
  • The IAQsense objectives were to develop sensor systems, including all electronics, pattern detection firmware and validate these systems and their impact in real environments, firstly in buildings, but also show the potential in vehicles and for health and hazard scenarios. (europa.eu)
  • The Office of the Australian Information Commissioner (OAIC) is required to report biannually under the Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with the Department of Health (Health) in relation to Personally Controlled Electronic Health Records (PCEHR) system and Healthcare Identifiers (HI) system activities. (oaic.gov.au)
  • The new enquiries included an enquiry from an individual about opting-out of the eHealth system, and an enquiry from a health care provider about how the PCEHR Act applies to the cross-border disclosure of information. (oaic.gov.au)
  • The OAIC prepared comments to Health on draft versions of materials developed for consumers who reside in areas involved in the opt-out trials for the PCEHR system. (oaic.gov.au)
  • The resources relate to privacy obligations when handling health information, including information contained in the PCEHR system. (oaic.gov.au)
  • O ver all, the U.S. educational systems offer a primary point of inter vention to improve the quality of literacy and health literacy. (nap.edu)
  • The educational systems discussed in this chapter are the K-12 system, the adult education system, and education for health professionals. (nap.edu)
  • Elementary, middle school, high school, and university education provide an opportunity to promote health literacy, to reduce health-risk behaviors, and to prepare children to navigate the health-care system. (nap.edu)
  • US Air Force 12 years ago, the World Health Organization released the World Health Report 2000 . (businessinsider.com)
  • So controversial were the results that the WHO declined to rank countries in their World Health Report 2010, but the debate has raged on. (businessinsider.com)
  • In that same year, a report from the Commonwealth Fund ranked seven developed countries on their health care performance - the US came dead last . (businessinsider.com)
  • Costa Rica's public health insurance system is available nation wide to all legal residents and citizens. (businessinsider.com)
  • Denmark's public health care system is decentralized, with local authorities making and executing local health care policy. (businessinsider.com)
  • Chile utilizes a dual health care system, offering public care through the National Health Insurance Fund, or private care by private insurance companies. (businessinsider.com)
  • Australia offers a dual system of public and private health insurance. (businessinsider.com)
  • Finland offers universal coverage mainly through its decentralized public health care system although a small private sector does exist. (businessinsider.com)
  • Canada has a national health care system with a centralized body setting standards and specifications for the 13 provincal bodies to follow. (businessinsider.com)
  • Universal and compulsory health care typifies Israel's health insurance system, with health care providers consisting of public, private, and semi-private entities. (businessinsider.com)
  • The UAE has a government-funded health care system with a private sector that is small but growing at a considerable rate. (businessinsider.com)
  • Saudi Arabia's health care system is mostly run through the government, with the Ministry of Health and other governmental bodies providing 80% of services. (businessinsider.com)
  • GAO received technical comments from the Department of Health and Human Services and oral comments from the American Hospital Association on a draft of this report. (gao.gov)
  • The surveillance system based on case notifications from physicians is managed by the Ministry of Health. (eurosurveillance.org)
  • Our view of the public health system is skeptical and leery. (thenewamerican.com)
  • The National Health Security Agreement, 3 which was signed by Health Ministers in April 2008, establishes the operational arrangements to formalise and enhance existing surveillance and reporting systems, an important objective of the Act. (health.gov.au)
  • Academics, policy gurus, health care leaders, and patient safety advocates generally agree that the American medical system has long needed to abandon its old paper charts and catch up with the rest of the digital age. (bostonglobe.com)
  • Yet, facing staunch resistance to any regulation by the politically influential health records industry, the Obama administration has opted against mandatory reporting that would enable officials to track unsafe conditions, injuries, and deaths relating to these systems - to draw lessons, that is, from the tragedies of patients such as Theresa Robertson. (bostonglobe.com)
  • Through legislation, the antebellum criminal justice system codified the meanings of racial difference. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Rep. Jackie Speier (D-Calif.) plans to introduce bipartisan legislation Thursday requiring lawmakers and staff to undergo annual mandatory anti-harassment training. (washingtonpost.com)
  • All states already have some sort of mandatory vaccination schedule for children to attend school, as well as varying degrees of exemption accessibility. (theepochtimes.com)
  • Mandatory public reporting of cardiac surgery outcomes: The 2003 to 2014 Massachusetts experience. (nih.gov)
  • During 12 years of mandatory public reporting, Massachusetts risk-standardized coronary artery bypass graft mortality was consistently and significantly lower than national rates, expected rates were comparable or higher, and evidence for risk aversion was conflicting and inconclusive. (nih.gov)
  • Background - The role of public reporting in improving hospital quality of care is controversial. (ices.on.ca)
  • The objective was to determine whether mandatory public reporting by hospitals is associated with a reduction in hospital rates of Clostridium difficile infection. (ices.on.ca)
  • Using Poisson regression, the researchers developed a model to predict hospital- and age-specific monthly rates of C. difficile disease per 10,000 patient-days prior to introduction of public reporting on September 1, 2008. (ices.on.ca)
  • In the first calendar year after the introduction of public reporting, there was a decline in observed rates of C. difficile colitis in Ontario to 8.92 cases per 10,000 patient-days, which was significantly lower than the predicted rate of 12.16 (95% CI 11.35-13.04) cases per 10,000 patient-days (p,0.001). (ices.on.ca)
  • Over this period, public reporting was associated with a 26.7% (95% CI 21.4%-31.6%) reduction in C. difficile cases, or a projected 1,970 cases averted per year (95% CI 1,476-2,500). (ices.on.ca)
  • Conclusions - Public reporting of hospital C. difficile rates was associated with a substantial reduction in the population burden of this infection. (ices.on.ca)
  • Future research will be required to discern the direct mechanism by which C. difficile infection rates may have been reduced in response to public reporting. (ices.on.ca)
  • In this day and age, it's hard to keep anything that involves a death or life flight out of the media, and with nearly-instant online access to media worldwide, reports usually make their way public regardless of whether someone at the DZ is doing the reporting. (dropzone.com)
  • Public educational systems in the United States are influenced by national policy and funding, but remain under the jurisdiction of and are funded by states and localities. (nap.edu)
  • Wealthier individuals are encouraged to use the private system by enforcing an additional 1% tax if an individual over a certain income chooses to use the public system. (businessinsider.com)
  • The Moroccan system includes a public and private sector. (businessinsider.com)
  • In response to demands for more public information on HAIs, some states began to establish HAI public reporting systems. (gao.gov)
  • GAO was asked to examine (1) the design and implementation of state HAI public reporting systems, (2) the initiatives hospitals have undertaken to reduce MRSA infections, and (3) the experience of certain early-adopting hospitals in overcoming challenges to implement such initiatives. (gao.gov)
  • In England and Wales, multi-agency risk assessment systems enable staff in a range of services to identify high- risk victims of intimate partner violence and better plan a support strategy. (who.int)
  • Rep. Jackie Speier (D Calif.) says the current system for reporting sexual harassment in Congress shields offenders and punishes victims. (washingtonpost.com)
  • State reporting requirements for occupational diseases are less uniform than those for infectious diseases and, in practice, have elicited varying degrees of participation. (cdc.gov)
  • Nonetheless, the role of these reporting requirements in identifying and preventing occupational disease merits examination. (cdc.gov)
  • Also outlines the requirements for submission of final reports upon study completion. (umass.edu)
  • This expansion was accompanied by broader requirements for reporting abuse: previously reports were only submitted when an incident caused serious physical injury, but as the definitions changed, more minor physical injuries and developmental and psychological trauma began to be included as well. (wikipedia.org)
  • Unfortunately, in Australia there is clear evidence of ever-increasing requirements from sponsors and ethics committees to report AEs and SAEs unnecessarily, leading to a decrease in the uptake of research, particularly less well funded investigator-initiated trials. (mja.com.au)
  • Unfortunately, in Australia there are ever-increasing complexities and burdensome requirements from sponsors and human research ethics committees (HRECs) to report everything without necessarily paying heed to the principles outlined in the guidance documents. (mja.com.au)
  • Reporting requirements apply when an insured claimant is a Medicare beneficiary. (aapc.com)
  • The purpose of the reporting requirements is to enable CMS to determine whether it is a primary or secondary payer for a claim. (aapc.com)
  • For a complete, up-to-date overview of the MSP reporting requirements, check out the Mandatory Insurer Reporting section on CMS' Web site. (aapc.com)
  • Ability for mass production and low cost were mandatory requirements for the development and silicon foundries have been contacted for steps beyond the project. (europa.eu)
  • The compendium includes, for each State and Territory, a description of the reporting and investigation procedures, summaries of relevant legislations and a description of the mandatory reporting requirements. (aihw.gov.au)
  • CANADA - The Manager of PigTrace Canada reports compliance with mandatory swine movement reporting continues to build, according to Bruce Cochrane. (thepigsite.com)
  • In the rest of the UK, professionals who work with children report their concerns and are expected to co-operate and exchange information. (nspcc.org.uk)
  • That makes it enormously difficult to operate a food system. (sej.org)
  • This report examines the various models states have adopted in designing these centers and includes discussions of how the centers operate and monitor performance. (nashp.org)
  • Automated pressurization functions that are intended for plug-in hybrid vehicles and that operate with electric servo brake systems were also developed. (sae.org)
  • The hospitals GAO reviewed reported needing varying levels of funding and staff resources to implement and operate their initiatives, but all hospitals that tracked MRSA infection rates reported a decline in MRSA infections as a result of their initiatives. (gao.gov)
  • Even though many of those inmates worked on the ground floor of drug operations, they still serve long prison sentences because of five- and 10-year mandatory terms that Congress breathed into life during the heart of the crack cocaine scare in the 1980s. (wkar.org)
  • President Obama and Congress poured $30 billion in taxpayer subsidies into the push for digital medical records beginning in 2009, with only a few strings attached and no safety oversight of the vendors who sell the systems. (bostonglobe.com)
  • Most ships that were required to report did so, and compliance rates were generally constant throughout the study period. (peerj.com)
  • In Manitoba I think we're at about 15 hundred movements reported a week so we do continue to increased compliance and participation in the program. (thepigsite.com)
  • Earlier this year, Claims asked Kathy Donovan, senior compliance counsel for Insurance Compliance Solutions at Wolters Kluwer Financial Services, about Medicare reporting and what insurers will need to do to stay compliant. (aapc.com)
  • The activities reported below relate to work performed on activities listed in section 3.3 of Schedule 1 and section 3.3 of Schedule 2 of the MOU, other than the compliance and enforcement activities set out under Section 2 of this report. (oaic.gov.au)
  • Mandatory training compliance remained low in some subjects, for example, safeguarding training. (cqc.org.uk)
  • Both systems had to design and execute processes to put the elements of their MRSA-reduction initiatives into effect and promote compliance with those processes by hospital staff. (gao.gov)
  • In designing their systems, both hospital systems incorporated these processes as much as possible into the normal workflow of hospital staff and promoted staff compliance through a combination of concerted leadership and specific procedures designed to facilitate staff compliance reinforced through detailed feedback on their performance. (gao.gov)
  • We understand that compliance is not only mandatory - it is a responsibility. (environmental-expert.com)
  • Industrial facilities subject to air permits and regulatory emissions limits must frequently implement sophisticated Continuous Emissions Monitoring Systems (CEMS) to demonstrate compliance. (environmental-expert.com)
  • Under the new policy, it will be mandatory, beginning January 1, for hospitals and physicians billing for services furnished in hospital off-campus provider based departments to use the new modifier and POS code on claims. (bricker.com)
  • In the inspection report published today , chief inspector of hospitals Sir Mike Richards has recommended the trust be placed in special measures. (hsj.co.uk)
  • GAO reviewed a sample of 14 hospitals (including several hospital systems) with MRSA-reduction initiatives that were selected to provide variation in location, teaching status, and population of metropolitan area. (gao.gov)
  • But the scramble by doctors and hospitals to cash in on the incentives has thrust complex, balky, unwieldy, and error-prone computer systems into highly sensitive clinical settings at a record pace. (bostonglobe.com)
  • All hospital microbiological laboratories in Italy (n=103) were given clinical and food questionnaires and were requested to report positive cases and send strains for testing. (eurosurveillance.org)
  • Conducted independently by researchers from Imperial College London and E4tech, facilitated by Imperial Consultants and commissioned by Drax Group, the report breaks down. (environmental-expert.com)
  • Researchers have used genetic mapping to explain how the human immune system is programmed to respond to Staphylococcus aureus infections. (medindia.net)
  • Provides guidance for researchers submitting protocols with images known as International Affective Picture System (IAPS), designed to elicit an emotional response from research participants. (umass.edu)
  • In a report published yesterday by the George Institute , researchers ranked the nutritional value of tens of thousands of packaged foods and beverages on sale in Australian supermarkets. (abc.net.au)
  • Some jurisdictions allow clear protections for reports made in good faith, protecting the disclosure of the reporter's name. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mandatory quality disclosure is pervasive across several industries and often includes a period over which the quality of new entrants is unreported. (aeaweb.org)
  • In 2007 the NSPCC published a report looking at arrangements for mandatory reporting from across the world and specifically what might work in Northern Ireland to better protect children ( Wallace and Bunting, 2007 ). (nspcc.org.uk)
  • Where our findings on surgery, for example, management arrangements, also apply to other services, we do not repeat the information but cross-refer to the surgery service level report. (cqc.org.uk)
  • In August, Attorney General Eric Holder told federal prosecutors to no longer hit low-level drug offenders with charges that carry mandatory minimum sentences. (wkar.org)
  • In August, Attorney General Eric Holder told federal prosecutors not to hit low-level drug offenders with charges that carry mandatory minimum sentences, part of an effort to reduce U.S. incarceration levels, to reorient the criminal justice system toward violent criminals, and to become more "smart" on crime. (wkar.org)
  • Reports are confidential and privileged, and reporters are immune from liability for reporting events. (nashp.org)
  • The pain is unbearable and goes on for months, sometimes years with lasting effects to your organs and immune system. (kbia.org)
  • Poop is full of germs and the germs will kill off those who r too weak and over all leave the people with the strongest immune systems alive. (debate.org)
  • In addition to its traditional role in bone metabolism and remodeling, vitamin D has numerous biologic functions ranging from antiproliferative and antiangiogenic effects to modulation of the immune system ( 1 ). (aacrjournals.org)
  • The system was complemented by other surveillance systems, which provided information on various diseases, including four that are not reported to the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System (NNDSS), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) and the classical and variant forms of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD). (health.gov.au)
  • The Carbon Trust is running a number of events around the introduction of mandatory carbon reporting in April 2013. (environmental-expert.com)
  • Sign up now to get free exclusive access to reports, research and invitation only events. (computerworld.co.nz)
  • Defined trial endpoints do not need to be reported as safety events (because they are being properly monitored and analysed). (mja.com.au)
  • Emergency Events Surveillance (HSEES) system were used to conduct a descriptive analysis on transportation events involving actual releases of hazardous substances in 16 states during 1993 to 2000. (cdc.gov)
  • The hospital had reported two never events following our previous inspection. (cqc.org.uk)
  • Since 1990, ATSDR has maintained the active, state-based HSEES system to reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with hazardous substances releases (transportation and fixed-facility related). (cdc.gov)
  • Responding to the findings, Phil Johnson, Chair of MACSAS, said: "The best way to protect children and the vulnerable is for mandatory reporting laws to be introduced to compel institutions to report all safeguarding concerns to the statutory authorities. (secularism.org.uk)
  • The resolution further directed the Board of Governors to report at the 2002 HOD meeting on the results of the study, and to make recommendations to the HOD at that meeting on changes it believes should be made to present disciplinary statutes, rules and processes. (osbar.org)
  • From July 1, 2002 to June 30, 2006, 2,101 accommodation sites were associated with TALD cases and reported by EWGLINET to Italian, Spanish and French collaborators. (eurosurveillance.org)
  • In many parts of the world, mandated reporters are people who have regular contact with vulnerable people such as children, disabled persons, and senior citizens, and are therefore legally required to ensure a report is made when abuse is observed or suspected. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1962, United States doctors C. Henry Kempe and Brandt Steele published "The Battered Child Syndrome," which helped doctors identify child abuse, its effects, and the need to report serious physical abuse to legal authorities. (wikipedia.org)
  • Originally created to respond to physical abuse, reporting systems in various countries began to expand[when? (wikipedia.org)
  • When it comes to the reporting of child abuse, the NSPCC believe that the overriding principle should be that all professionals listen to and act in the best interests of the child. (nspcc.org.uk)
  • The clerical abuse survivors' group MACSAS has warned that children will remain at risk until mandatory reporting laws are introduced. (secularism.org.uk)
  • MACSAS (Minister and Clergy Sexual Abuse Survivors) expressed its concern that two thirds of the concerns were not reported to statutory authorities, being either dismissed or dealt with internally. (secularism.org.uk)
  • The conviction of France's most senior Catholic cleric for failing to report child abuse has been overturned. (secularism.org.uk)
  • Child Protective Services (CPS) responds to child abuse reports across the state. (oregon.gov)
  • CPS works closely with law enforcement agencies and others in each county to assess child abuse reports. (oregon.gov)
  • Child Protection Systems Most countries have mandatory reporting of suspected cases of child abuse and in most child sexual abuse and child sexual exploitation are prosecuted. (slideserve.com)
  • acts to prevent, identify, and report suspected abuse. (americasjobexchange.com)
  • Provides guidance on e-Protocol submission so that users can easily navigate through the e-Protocol system. (umass.edu)
  • Up to now, only expert lab systems could measure air quality. (europa.eu)
  • These systems of decentralization of policies and services is, on one hand beneficial because they encourage autonomy and culturally sensitive policies and services but, on the other hand they have as a downside the lack of coordination and the differences in the quality and the characteristics of each province/state activities and service provision. (slideserve.com)
  • programs, Air Monitoring Directive (AMD) and Continuous Emissions Monitoring Systems (CEMS) Quality Assurance Plans. (environmental-expert.com)
  • There have been 8,087 vaccine-related deaths reported to VAERS, but that number likely represents only one percent of the total number of deaths that have actually occurred and the real number may be 808,700 vaccine-related deaths. (healthimpactnews.com)
  • Similarly, 17,394 reports of permanent disabilities have been reported to VAERS, but that number likely is closer to 1,739,400 vaccine-related disabilities. (healthimpactnews.com)
  • In addition, many vaccine reaction reports that are submitted to VAERS are incomplete, inaccurate or open to misinterpretation, especially those that are submitted by vaccine manufacturers. (healthimpactnews.com)
  • A further limitation of VAERS reports after qHPV [quadrivalent HPV vaccine] is that a large proportion (68%) come from the manufacturer and most of these reports (89%) do not include sufficient identifying information to allow medical review of the individual cases. (healthimpactnews.com)
  • AEFI risk was estimated by dividing the number of reports by the number of vaccine doses administered in the period. (scielo.br)
  • In the three-year period, 3,390,376 HPV vaccine doses were administered and 465 AEFI reports were registered, with 1,378 signs and symptoms. (scielo.br)
  • The reporting rate was 13.72 per 100,000 vaccine doses administered. (scielo.br)
  • Overall, 39 AEFI cases (8.4%) were classified as severe , with a reporting rate of 1.15 per 100,000 vaccine doses administered. (scielo.br)
  • Meanwhile, the CDC said it receives about 30,000 vaccine injury reports each year. (theepochtimes.com)
  • NIH's implementation of the FFR retains a financial reporting period that coincides with the budget period of a particular project. (nih.gov)
  • The Bureau of Labor Statistics reported an incidence of occupational injury and illness for 1984 of 8.0 cases and 63.4 lost workdays per 100 full-time workers (5). (cdc.gov)
  • The National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System monitors the incidence of an agreed list of communicable diseases in Australia. (health.gov.au)
  • States and territories reported a total of 224,434 notifications of communicable diseases to the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System, a decrease of 8% on the number of notifications in 2012. (health.gov.au)
  • Australia's notifiable diseases status, 2013, is an annual surveillance report of nationally notifiable communicable diseases. (health.gov.au)
  • The wealthy can access a vigorous adversary system replete with constitutional protections for defendants. (sentencingproject.org)
  • This database determines access to protected mainframe system resources based on your security policy. (ibm.com)
  • RACF has logging and reporting functions that identify users who attempt to access the resource, either successfully or unsuccessfully, allowing you to detect possible security exposures or threats. (ibm.com)
  • We are a one stop solution for all your research needs, our main offerings are syndicated research reports, custom research, subscription access and consulting services. (prweb.com)
  • Since in many countries - plagued by low fertility - significant increases of the mandatory retirement age have been recently introduced with the declared objective to sustain PAYG pension budgets, then in this paper we investigate whether and how such boosts are effective. (repec.org)
  • Many professionals do not consider themselves working in systems with clear guidelines and lines of accountability to support them. (slideserve.com)
  • Took note of the report from the first cohort of the UN Leaders Programme, which took place in Turin on 11-15 May 2009, and of the Staff College plans to further develop the Programme by delivering a second cohort from 30 November to 4 December 2009 on Accountability & Ethics, and by offering another three courses in 2010 with an estimated participation of about 40 people each time. (unsystem.org)
  • This comprehensive workbook provides a step-by-step guide to help state policy makers build or redesign a mandatory reporting system. (nashp.org)
  • This report provides state executive and legislative branch officials with a framework for considering how they might coordinate with government and private stakeholders to address medical errors and patient safety in their states. (nashp.org)
  • 3. Section 1 1.0 GENERAL INFORMATION The State of Louisiana, Division of Administration, Office of Risk Management, hereinafter referred to as ORM, invites proposals to provide a commercially available multi-line risk management information system (RMIS). (slideshare.net)
  • The use of this risk management information system enables ORM to allocate the annual premiums to each State agency and to handle its claims responsibilities in a timely and efficient manner. (slideshare.net)
  • Child Protection Systems Strengths: based on the recommendations of the CRC National legal frameworks for the protection of children mandate bodies and agencies at national, provincial/state, and municipal level to defend the children's rights. (slideserve.com)
  • With 2012 / 2013 W2 Mate, any business can gain full-scale 1099 reporting management tools featuring state of the art integration with leading accounting and tax applications including Intuit QuickBooks, Microsoft Dynamics, Sage Peachtree and Sage DacEasy. (prweb.com)
  • W2 Mate is the perfect software program for business filers looking for answers to questions like how to make 1099-R forms, how to file 2012 form 1099 R electronically, how to report 1099 information to the state of Nebraska, how to process 1099-R using QuickBooks and Peachtree, how to print out 2012 1099 tax forms on a computer and many other similar questions. (prweb.com)
  • A higher number of cases of listeriosis were reported by this active surveillance compared to the mandatory notifications. (eurosurveillance.org)
  • This report analyses notifications during 2013. (health.gov.au)
  • Seizures, including febrile seizures, are the most commonly reported neurologic complication of influenza infection. (aappublications.org)
  • One of the things CU is considering reporting is the number of infection control practitioners (ICPs) for each facility. (infectioncontroltoday.com)
  • incident and accident reporting systems. (hsj.co.uk)
  • The eRA Commons web-based eFSR/FFR system allows participants to view information on currently due and late FSR/FFRs and to submit FSR/FFRs electronically to the NIH. (nih.gov)
  • All requests for approval of human subject research (including revisions and renewals) must be submitted electronically through the e-Protocol system. (umass.edu)
  • Notably, Kardjali and Pazardjik districts showed high CCHFV seroprevalence but single reported cases in the last years. (cdc.gov)
  • The results became notorious - the US healthcare system came in 15th in overall performance, and first in overall expenditure per capita. (businessinsider.com)
  • ACA has instigated reforms in the healthcare system by initiating primary healthcare services. (essaytown.com)
  • We identified some discrepancies in medicines governance and were not assured there was a consistent approach to reporting medicines incidents and escalating patient risk. (cqc.org.uk)
  • In addition, information on risk factors, clinical symptoms and outcomes of 77 reported cases were analysed. (eurosurveillance.org)
  • In addition to enforcing the pass system, which required enslaved people to carry passes explaining and authorizing their movement, Barbadian patrols also enforced laws that forbade enslaved people from carrying firearms and from moving around on Sundays. (encyclopedia.com)
  • In Northern Ireland it's also an offence not to report an arrestable offence, including those against children, to the police. (nspcc.org.uk)
  • There are specific reporting guidelines and procedures in place for people who work with children. (nspcc.org.uk)
  • If you work or volunteer with children and families your organisation should have procedures in place to report concerns about a child. (nspcc.org.uk)
  • In Northern Ireland it's an offence not to report an arrestable crime to the police, which by definition, includes crimes against children. (nspcc.org.uk)
  • Prepare your business for the introduction of mandatory carbon reporting in April 2013. (environmental-expert.com)
  • Typically, reporters are encouraged to report their suspicions and not to investigate or wait for absolute proof, which can lead to further harm directed at the suspected victim, and allow for perpetrators to prepare their defence through intimidation. (wikipedia.org)
  • The classifier predictions are then used to prepare a failure report that is given to the motorist for use by his or her repair technician. (google.com)
  • We prepare specifications for continuous emissions monitoring (CEM) and air sampling systems for a variety of industries including power plants, refineries, steel plants, coke plants, chemical plants and incinerators. (environmental-expert.com)
  • 7) David Cole, No Equal Justice: Race and Class in the American Criminal Justice System , 8-9 (1999). (sentencingproject.org)
  • Among the 24 states and federal prison system with increases in their prison populations, the total increase amounted to 13,559 prisoners. (scribd.com)
  • The Office of Management and Budget has consolidated the Financial Status Report (FSR or SF-269/SF-269A) and the Federal Cash Transaction Report (FCTR or SF-272/SF-272A) into a single form known as the Federal Financial Report (FFR or SF-425/SF-425A). (nih.gov)
  • The new eRA Commons system was piloted with 8 Federal Demonstration Partnership (FDP) institutions that assisted NIH with feedback and testing during the Summer and Fall 2010. (nih.gov)
  • The Commission periodically publishes research reports that focus on a single area of the federal criminal justice system. (ussc.gov)
  • and the fourth, federal reporting systems. (nap.edu)
  • The federal government has recognized this problem and is moving forward with the integration of its safety-related systems. (nap.edu)
  • A policy concern is that the initiation of federal Hospital Compare (HC) reporting provided leverage to insurers in price negotiations for lowering prices without regard to hospital performance. (aeaweb.org)
  • A new report says the Justice Department regularly coerces defendants in federal drug cases to plead guilty by threatening them with steep prison sentences or stacking charges to increase their time behind bars. (wkar.org)
  • As a federal appeals court noted , mandatory minimum sentences left the trial judge with little discretion but to impose "effectively a life sentence" on the 53-year-old Texas woman who had no prior convictions. (wkar.org)
  • MACSAS was also critical of the Church's guidance that there is no requirement for "suspicion or knowledge of actual or likely significant harm" to be reported to statutory authorities. (secularism.org.uk)
  • Why are incidents in USA not reported to USPA? (dropzone.com)
  • Why do you report/not report incidents that you are involved in? (dropzone.com)
  • If you are/were an S&TA, DZM, or DZO why do you report/not report incidents? (dropzone.com)
  • It is my opinion that if we had complete reporting of all skydiving incidents in the US, which required evaluation and or treatment by a physician, we would be astonished at the non-fatal injury rate. (dropzone.com)
  • Re: [GLIDEANGLE] Why are incidents in USA not reported to USPA? (dropzone.com)
  • What's absolutely amazing to me is why it isn't required to report incidents and accidents as defined by the FAA, to the FAA. (dropzone.com)
  • This was because staff did not always recognise and report concerns, incidents or near-misses. (cqc.org.uk)
  • Although the operating system will perform most of the work for OnNow, applications must be designed for power management to make the entire process appear seamless to the user," says Sriram Subramanian, product manager of Windows hardware strategy at Microsoft, in Redmond, Washington. (computerworld.co.nz)
  • A push to make anti-sexual-harassment training mandatory on Capitol Hill gathered momentum this week after Senate Judiciary Committee Chairman Charles E. Grassley (R-Iowa) urged colleagues to apply the policy to all employees of the upper chamber. (washingtonpost.com)