Polyethylene Glycols: Polymers of ETHYLENE OXIDE and water, and their ethers. They vary in consistency from liquid to solid depending on the molecular weight indicated by a number following the name. They are used as SURFACTANTS, dispersing agents, solvents, ointment and suppository bases, vehicles, and tablet excipients. Some specific groups are NONOXYNOLS, OCTOXYNOLS, and POLOXAMERS.Glycols: A generic grouping for dihydric alcohols with the hydroxy groups (-OH) located on different carbon atoms. They are viscous liquids with high boiling points for their molecular weights.Ethylene Glycols: An ethylene compound with two hydroxy groups (-OH) located on adjacent carbons. They are viscous and colorless liquids. Some are used as anesthetics or hypnotics. However, the class is best known for their use as a coolant or antifreeze.Propylene Glycol: A clear, colorless, viscous organic solvent and diluent used in pharmaceutical preparations.Propylene Glycols: Derivatives of propylene glycol (1,2-propanediol). They are used as humectants and solvents in pharmaceutical preparations.Hydrogels: Water swollen, rigid, 3-dimensional network of cross-linked, hydrophilic macromolecules, 20-95% water. They are used in paints, printing inks, foodstuffs, pharmaceuticals, and cosmetics. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Butylene Glycols: 4-carbon straight chain aliphatic hydrocarbons substituted with two hydroxyl groups. The hydroxyl groups cannot be on the same carbon atom.Drug Carriers: Forms to which substances are incorporated to improve the delivery and the effectiveness of drugs. Drug carriers are used in drug-delivery systems such as the controlled-release technology to prolong in vivo drug actions, decrease drug metabolism, and reduce drug toxicity. Carriers are also used in designs to increase the effectiveness of drug delivery to the target sites of pharmacological actions. Liposomes, albumin microspheres, soluble synthetic polymers, DNA complexes, protein-drug conjugates, and carrier erythrocytes among others have been employed as biodegradable drug carriers.Cryoprotective Agents: Substances that provide protection against the harmful effects of freezing temperatures.Cathartics: Agents that are used to stimulate evacuation of the bowels.Polymers: Compounds formed by the joining of smaller, usually repeating, units linked by covalent bonds. These compounds often form large macromolecules (e.g., BIOPOLYMERS; PLASTICS).Glycolates: Derivatives of ACETIC ACID which contain an hydroxy group attached to the methyl carbon.ThymineSolvents: Liquids that dissolve other substances (solutes), generally solids, without any change in chemical composition, as, water containing sugar. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Particle Size: Relating to the size of solids.Drug Delivery Systems: Systems for the delivery of drugs to target sites of pharmacological actions. Technologies employed include those concerning drug preparation, route of administration, site targeting, metabolism, and toxicity.Biocompatible Materials: Synthetic or natural materials, other than DRUGS, that are used to replace or repair any body TISSUES or bodily function.Micelles: Particles consisting of aggregates of molecules held loosely together by secondary bonds. The surface of micelles are usually comprised of amphiphatic compounds that are oriented in a way that minimizes the energy of interaction between the micelle and its environment. Liquids that contain large numbers of suspended micelles are referred to as EMULSIONS.Hydrogel: A network of cross-linked hydrophilic macromolecules used in biomedical applications.Surface Properties: Characteristics or attributes of the outer boundaries of objects, including molecules.Osmium Tetroxide: (T-4)-Osmium oxide (OsO4). A highly toxic and volatile oxide of osmium used in industry as an oxidizing agent. It is also used as a histological fixative and stain and as a synovectomy agent in arthritic joints. Its vapor can cause eye, skin, and lung damage.Solubility: The ability of a substance to be dissolved, i.e. to form a solution with another substance. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Water: A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Crystallization: The formation of crystalline substances from solutions or melts. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Pharmaceutical Vehicles: A carrier or inert medium used as a solvent (or diluent) in which the medicinally active agent is formulated and or administered. (Dictionary of Pharmacy, 1986)Deoxyribonuclease (Pyrimidine Dimer): An enzyme which catalyzes an endonucleolytic cleavage near PYRIMIDINE DIMERS to produce a 5'-phosphate product. The enzyme acts on the damaged DNA strand, from the 5' side of the damaged site.Liposomes: Artificial, single or multilaminar vesicles (made from lecithins or other lipids) that are used for the delivery of a variety of biological molecules or molecular complexes to cells, for example, drug delivery and gene transfer. They are also used to study membranes and membrane proteins.Polyesters: Polymers of organic acids and alcohols, with ester linkages--usually polyethylene terephthalate; can be cured into hard plastic, films or tapes, or fibers which can be woven into fabrics, meshes or velours.Chemistry, Pharmaceutical: Chemistry dealing with the composition and preparation of agents having PHARMACOLOGIC ACTIONS or diagnostic use.Cryopreservation: Preservation of cells, tissues, organs, or embryos by freezing. In histological preparations, cryopreservation or cryofixation is used to maintain the existing form, structure, and chemical composition of all the constituent elements of the specimens.Methacrylates: Acrylic acids or acrylates which are substituted in the C-2 position with a methyl group.Surface-Active Agents: Agents that modify interfacial tension of water; usually substances that have one lipophilic and one hydrophilic group in the molecule; includes soaps, detergents, emulsifiers, dispersing and wetting agents, and several groups of antiseptics.Chemical Precipitation: The formation of a solid in a solution as a result of a chemical reaction or the aggregation of soluble substances into complexes large enough to fall out of solution.Poisoning: A condition or physical state produced by the ingestion, injection, inhalation of or exposure to a deleterious agent.Drug Stability: The chemical and physical integrity of a pharmaceutical product.Materials Testing: The testing of materials and devices, especially those used for PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; SUTURES; TISSUE ADHESIVES; etc., for hardness, strength, durability, safety, efficacy, and biocompatibility.Bisacodyl: A diphenylmethane stimulant laxative used for the treatment of CONSTIPATION and for bowel evacuation. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p871)Adsorption: The adhesion of gases, liquids, or dissolved solids onto a surface. It includes adsorptive phenomena of bacteria and viruses onto surfaces as well. ABSORPTION into the substance may follow but not necessarily.Kinetics: The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.Skin Absorption: Uptake of substances through the SKIN.Dimethyl Sulfoxide: A highly polar organic liquid, that is used widely as a chemical solvent. Because of its ability to penetrate biological membranes, it is used as a vehicle for topical application of pharmaceuticals. It is also used to protect tissue during CRYOPRESERVATION. Dimethyl sulfoxide shows a range of pharmacological activity including analgesia and anti-inflammation.Polyglactin 910: A polyester used for absorbable sutures & surgical mesh, especially in ophthalmic surgery. 2-Hydroxy-propanoic acid polymer with polymerized hydroxyacetic acid, which forms 3,6-dimethyl-1,4-dioxane-dione polymer with 1,4-dioxane-2,5-dione copolymer of molecular weight about 80,000 daltons.Antidotes: Agents counteracting or neutralizing the action of POISONS.AcrylatesHydrogen-Ion Concentration: The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Nanocapsules: Nanometer-sized, hollow, spherically-shaped objects that can be utilized to encapsulate small amounts of pharmaceuticals, enzymes, or other catalysts (Glossary of Biotechnology and Nanobiotechnology, 4th ed).X-Ray Diffraction: The scattering of x-rays by matter, especially crystals, with accompanying variation in intensity due to interference effects. Analysis of the crystal structure of materials is performed by passing x-rays through them and registering the diffraction image of the rays (CRYSTALLOGRAPHY, X-RAY). (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Glycerol: A trihydroxy sugar alcohol that is an intermediate in carbohydrate and lipid metabolism. It is used as a solvent, emollient, pharmaceutical agent, and sweetening agent.Molecular Weight: The sum of the weight of all the atoms in a molecule.Polymethacrylic Acids: Poly-2-methylpropenoic acids. Used in the manufacture of methacrylate resins and plastics in the form of pellets and granules, as absorbent for biological materials and as filters; also as biological membranes and as hydrogens. Synonyms: methylacrylate polymer; poly(methylacrylate); acrylic acid methyl ester polymer.Phosphatidylethanolamines: Derivatives of phosphatidic acids in which the phosphoric acid is bound in ester linkage to an ethanolamine moiety. Complete hydrolysis yields 1 mole of glycerol, phosphoric acid and ethanolamine and 2 moles of fatty acids.Drug Compounding: The preparation, mixing, and assembling of a drug. (From Remington, The Science and Practice of Pharmacy, 19th ed, p1814)Excipients: Usually inert substances added to a prescription in order to provide suitable consistency to the dosage form. These include binders, matrix, base or diluent in pills, tablets, creams, salves, etc.EthersPolyethylenes: Synthetic thermoplastics that are tough, flexible, inert, and resistant to chemicals and electrical current. They are often used as biocompatible materials for prostheses and implants.Dextrans: A group of glucose polymers made by certain bacteria. Dextrans are used therapeutically as plasma volume expanders and anticoagulants. They are also commonly used in biological experimentation and in industry for a wide variety of purposes.Gold: A yellow metallic element with the atomic symbol Au, atomic number 79, and atomic weight 197. It is used in jewelry, goldplating of other metals, as currency, and in dental restoration. Many of its clinical applications, such as ANTIRHEUMATIC AGENTS, are in the form of its salts.Temperature: The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.Dendrimers: Tree-like, highly branched, polymeric compounds. They grow three-dimensionally by the addition of shells of branched molecules to a central core. The overall globular shape and presence of cavities gives potential as drug carriers and CONTRAST AGENTS.Nanostructures: Materials which have structured components with at least one dimension in the range of 1 to 100 nanometers. These include NANOCOMPOSITES; NANOPARTICLES; NANOTUBES; and NANOWIRES.Chromatography, Gas: Fractionation of a vaporized sample as a consequence of partition between a mobile gaseous phase and a stationary phase held in a column. Two types are gas-solid chromatography, where the fixed phase is a solid, and gas-liquid, in which the stationary phase is a nonvolatile liquid supported on an inert solid matrix.Molecular Structure: The location of the atoms, groups or ions relative to one another in a molecule, as well as the number, type and location of covalent bonds.Polyethyleneimine: Strongly cationic polymer that binds to certain proteins; used as a marker in immunology, to precipitate and purify enzymes and lipids. Synonyms: aziridine polymer; Epamine; Epomine; ethylenimine polymer; Montrek; PEI; Polymin(e).Coated Materials, Biocompatible: Biocompatible materials usually used in dental and bone implants that enhance biologic fixation, thereby increasing the bond strength between the coated material and bone, and minimize possible biological effects that may result from the implant itself.Polyglycolic Acid: A biocompatible polymer used as a surgical suture material.Teratogens: An agent that causes the production of physical defects in the developing embryo.Antigen-Antibody Complex: The complex formed by the binding of antigen and antibody molecules. The deposition of large antigen-antibody complexes leading to tissue damage causes IMMUNE COMPLEX DISEASES.Succinimides: A subclass of IMIDES with the general structure of pyrrolidinedione. They are prepared by the distillation of ammonium succinate. They are sweet-tasting compounds that are used as chemical intermediates and plant growth stimulants.Serum Albumin, Bovine: Serum albumin from cows, commonly used in in vitro biological studies. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Click Chemistry: Organic chemistry methodology that mimics the modular nature of various biosynthetic processes. It uses highly reliable and selective reactions designed to "click" i.e., rapidly join small modular units together in high yield, without offensive byproducts. In combination with COMBINATORIAL CHEMISTRY TECHNIQUES, it is used for the synthesis of new compounds and combinatorial libraries.Rotaxanes: Complex compounds in which a dumbbell shaped molecule is encircled by a macrocycle. They are named after rota (wheel) and axis (axle). Notation with a prefix is used to indicate the number of interlocked components. They have potential use in NANOTECHNOLOGY. Rotaxanes have been made with CYCLODEXTRINS and CYCLIC ETHERS.Polymerization: Chemical reaction in which monomeric components are combined to form POLYMERS (e.g., POLYMETHYLMETHACRYLATE).Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared: A spectroscopic technique in which a range of wavelengths is presented simultaneously with an interferometer and the spectrum is mathematically derived from the pattern thus obtained.Porosity: Condition of having pores or open spaces. This often refers to bones, bone implants, or bone cements, but can refer to the porous state of any solid substance.Oxalic Acid: A strong dicarboxylic acid occurring in many plants and vegetables. It is produced in the body by metabolism of glyoxylic acid or ascorbic acid. It is not metabolized but excreted in the urine. It is used as an analytical reagent and general reducing agent.Oxalates: Derivatives of OXALIC ACID. Included under this heading are a broad variety of acid forms, salts, esters, and amides that are derived from the ethanedioic acid structure.Tissue Distribution: Accumulation of a drug or chemical substance in various organs (including those not relevant to its pharmacologic or therapeutic action). This distribution depends on the blood flow or perfusion rate of the organ, the ability of the drug to penetrate organ membranes, tissue specificity, protein binding. The distribution is usually expressed as tissue to plasma ratios.Ethylene Oxide: A colorless and flammable gas at room temperature and pressure. Ethylene oxide is a bactericidal, fungicidal, and sporicidal disinfectant. It is effective against most micro-organisms, including viruses. It is used as a fumigant for foodstuffs and textiles and as an agent for the gaseous sterilization of heat-labile pharmaceutical and surgical materials. (From Reynolds, Martindale The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p794)Solutions: The homogeneous mixtures formed by the mixing of a solid, liquid, or gaseous substance (solute) with a liquid (the solvent), from which the dissolved substances can be recovered by physical processes. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Osmosis: Tendency of fluids (e.g., water) to move from the less concentrated to the more concentrated side of a semipermeable membrane.Delayed-Action Preparations: Dosage forms of a drug that act over a period of time by controlled-release processes or technology.Nanotechnology: The development and use of techniques to study physical phenomena and construct structures in the nanoscale size range or smaller.Cell Survival: The span of viability of a cell characterized by the capacity to perform certain functions such as metabolism, growth, reproduction, some form of responsiveness, and adaptability.Alcohols: Alkyl compounds containing a hydroxyl group. They are classified according to relation of the carbon atom: primary alcohols, R-CH2OH; secondary alcohols, R2-CHOH; tertiary alcohols, R3-COH. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)DNA: A deoxyribonucleotide polymer that is the primary genetic material of all cells. Eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms normally contain DNA in a double-stranded state, yet several important biological processes transiently involve single-stranded regions. DNA, which consists of a polysugar-phosphate backbone possessing projections of purines (adenine and guanine) and pyrimidines (thymine and cytosine), forms a double helix that is held together by hydrogen bonds between these purines and pyrimidines (adenine to thymine and guanine to cytosine).Emulsions: Colloids formed by the combination of two immiscible liquids such as oil and water. Lipid-in-water emulsions are usually liquid, like milk or lotion. Water-in-lipid emulsions tend to be creams. The formation of emulsions may be aided by amphiphatic molecules that surround one component of the system to form MICELLES.Chitosan: Deacetylated CHITIN, a linear polysaccharide of deacetylated beta-1,4-D-glucosamine. It is used in HYDROGEL and to treat WOUNDS.Styrene: A colorless, toxic liquid with a strong aromatic odor. It is used to make rubbers, polymers and copolymers, and polystyrene plastics.Cattle: Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.Biomimetic Materials: Materials fabricated by BIOMIMETICS techniques, i.e., based on natural processes found in biological systems.Hemoglobinuria: The presence of free HEMOGLOBIN in the URINE, indicating hemolysis of ERYTHROCYTES within the vascular system. After saturating the hemoglobin-binding proteins (HAPTOGLOBINS), free hemoglobin begins to appear in the urine.Rabbits: The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.Cross-Linking Reagents: Reagents with two reactive groups, usually at opposite ends of the molecule, that are capable of reacting with and thereby forming bridges between side chains of amino acids in proteins; the locations of naturally reactive areas within proteins can thereby be identified; may also be used for other macromolecules, like glycoproteins, nucleic acids, or other.Microspheres: Small uniformly-sized spherical particles, of micrometer dimensions, frequently labeled with radioisotopes or various reagents acting as tags or markers.Dosage Forms: Completed forms of the pharmaceutical preparation in which prescribed doses of medication are included. They are designed to resist action by gastric fluids, prevent vomiting and nausea, reduce or alleviate the undesirable taste and smells associated with oral administration, achieve a high concentration of drug at target site, or produce a delayed or long-acting drug effect.Styrenes: Derivatives and polymers of styrene. They are used in the manufacturing of synthetic rubber, plastics, and resins. Some of the polymers form the skeletal structures for ion exchange resin beads.Constipation: Infrequent or difficult evacuation of FECES. These symptoms are associated with a variety of causes, including low DIETARY FIBER intake, emotional or nervous disturbances, systemic and structural disorders, drug-induced aggravation, and infections.Mechanical Phenomena: The properties and processes of materials that affect their behavior under force.Poloxamer: A nonionic polyoxyethylene-polyoxypropylene block co-polymer with the general formula HO(C2H4O)a(-C3H6O)b(C2H4O)aH. It is available in different grades which vary from liquids to solids. It is used as an emulsifying agent, solubilizing agent, surfactant, and wetting agent for antibiotics. Poloxamer is also used in ointment and suppository bases and as a tablet binder or coater. (Martindale The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 31st ed)Freezing: Liquids transforming into solids by the removal of heat.Ethyl EthersNanomedicine: The branch of medicine concerned with the application of NANOTECHNOLOGY to the prevention and treatment of disease. It involves the monitoring, repair, construction, and control of human biological systems at the molecular level, using engineered nanodevices and NANOSTRUCTURES. (From Freitas Jr., Nanomedicine, vol 1, 1999).Metal Nanoparticles: Nanoparticles produced from metals whose uses include biosensors, optics, and catalysts. In biomedical applications the particles frequently involve the noble metals, especially gold and silver.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Polylysine: A peptide which is a homopolymer of lysine.Tissue Engineering: Generating tissue in vitro for clinical applications, such as replacing wounded tissues or impaired organs. The use of TISSUE SCAFFOLDING enables the generation of complex multi-layered tissues and tissue structures.Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy: Spectroscopic method of measuring the magnetic moment of elementary particles such as atomic nuclei, protons or electrons. It is employed in clinical applications such as NMR Tomography (MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING).Chemistry, Physical: The study of CHEMICAL PHENOMENA and processes in terms of the underlying PHYSICAL PHENOMENA and processes.Deuteroporphyrins: Porphyrins with four methyl and two propionic acid side chains attached to the pyrrole rings.Tannins: Polyphenolic compounds with molecular weights of around 500-3000 daltons and containing enough hydroxyl groups (1-2 per 100 MW) for effective cross linking of other compounds (ASTRINGENTS). The two main types are HYDROLYZABLE TANNINS and CONDENSED TANNINS. Historically, the term has applied to many compounds and plant extracts able to render skin COLLAGEN impervious to degradation. The word tannin derives from the Celtic word for OAK TREE which was used for leather processing.Osmotic Pressure: The pressure required to prevent the passage of solvent through a semipermeable membrane that separates a pure solvent from a solution of the solvent and solute or that separates different concentrations of a solution. It is proportional to the osmolality of the solution.Therapeutic Irrigation: The washing of a body cavity or surface by flowing water or solution for therapy or diagnosis.Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions: The thermodynamic interaction between a substance and WATER.Lactulose: A synthetic disaccharide used in the treatment of constipation and hepatic encephalopathy. It has also been used in the diagnosis of gastrointestinal disorders. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p887)Physicochemical Phenomena: The physical phenomena describing the structure and properties of atoms and molecules, and their reaction and interaction processes.Pharmaceutic Aids: Substances which are of little or no therapeutic value, but are necessary in the manufacture, compounding, storage, etc., of pharmaceutical preparations or drug dosage forms. They include SOLVENTS, diluting agents, and suspending agents, and emulsifying agents. Also, ANTIOXIDANTS; PRESERVATIVES, PHARMACEUTICAL; COLORING AGENTS; FLAVORING AGENTS; VEHICLES; EXCIPIENTS; OINTMENT BASES.Viscosity: The resistance that a gaseous or liquid system offers to flow when it is subjected to shear stress. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Microscopy, Electron, Scanning: Microscopy in which the object is examined directly by an electron beam scanning the specimen point-by-point. The image is constructed by detecting the products of specimen interactions that are projected above the plane of the sample, such as backscattered electrons. Although SCANNING TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY also scans the specimen point by point with the electron beam, the image is constructed by detecting the electrons, or their interaction products that are transmitted through the sample plane, so that is a form of TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY.Acetates: Derivatives of ACETIC ACID. Included under this heading are a broad variety of acid forms, salts, esters, and amides that contain the carboxymethane structure.Testicular Diseases: Pathological processes of the TESTIS.Household Products: Substances or materials used in the course of housekeeping or personal routine.Nanospheres: Spherical particles of nanometer dimensions.Anhydrides: Chemical compounds derived from acids by the elimination of a molecule of water.Osmolar Concentration: The concentration of osmotically active particles in solution expressed in terms of osmoles of solute per liter of solution. Osmolality is expressed in terms of osmoles of solute per kilogram of solvent.Calcium Oxalate: The calcium salt of oxalic acid, occurring in the urine as crystals and in certain calculi.Half-Life: The time it takes for a substance (drug, radioactive nuclide, or other) to lose half of its pharmacologic, physiologic, or radiologic activity.Methanol: A colorless, flammable liquid used in the manufacture of FORMALDEHYDE and ACETIC ACID, in chemical synthesis, antifreeze, and as a solvent. Ingestion of methanol is toxic and may cause blindness.Laxatives: Agents that produce a soft formed stool, and relax and loosen the bowels, typically used over a protracted period, to relieve CONSTIPATION.Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid: Liquid chromatographic techniques which feature high inlet pressures, high sensitivity, and high speed.Immobilized Proteins: Proteins that are chemically bound to a substrate material which renders their location fixed. The immobilization of proteins allows their use in chemical reactions without being diluted by solvent.PrintingIndicators and Reagents: Substances used for the detection, identification, analysis, etc. of chemical, biological, or pathologic processes or conditions. Indicators are substances that change in physical appearance, e.g., color, at or approaching the endpoint of a chemical titration, e.g., on the passage between acidity and alkalinity. Reagents are substances used for the detection or determination of another substance by chemical or microscopical means, especially analysis. Types of reagents are precipitants, solvents, oxidizers, reducers, fluxes, and colorimetric reagents. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed, p301, p499)Permeability: Property of membranes and other structures to permit passage of light, heat, gases, liquids, metabolites, and mineral ions.Abnormalities, Drug-Induced: Congenital abnormalities caused by medicinal substances or drugs of abuse given to or taken by the mother, or to which she is inadvertently exposed during the manufacture of such substances. The concept excludes abnormalities resulting from exposure to non-medicinal chemicals in the environment.Diffusion: The tendency of a gas or solute to pass from a point of higher pressure or concentration to a point of lower pressure or concentration and to distribute itself throughout the available space. Diffusion, especially FACILITATED DIFFUSION, is a major mechanism of BIOLOGICAL TRANSPORT.Gels: Colloids with a solid continuous phase and liquid as the dispersed phase; gels may be unstable when, due to temperature or other cause, the solid phase liquefies; the resulting colloid is called a sol.Cell Membrane Permeability: A quality of cell membranes which permits the passage of solvents and solutes into and out of cells.Polysorbates: Sorbitan mono-9-octadecanoate poly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl) derivatives; complex mixtures of polyoxyethylene ethers used as emulsifiers or dispersing agents in pharmaceuticals.Spectrophotometry, Ultraviolet: Determination of the spectra of ultraviolet absorption by specific molecules in gases or liquids, for example Cl2, SO2, NO2, CS2, ozone, mercury vapor, and various unsaturated compounds. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Urolithiasis: Formation of stones in any part of the URINARY TRACT, usually in the KIDNEY; URINARY BLADDER; or the URETER.Colonoscopy: Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the luminal surface of the colon.Calorimetry, Differential Scanning: Differential thermal analysis in which the sample compartment of the apparatus is a differential calorimeter, allowing an exact measure of the heat of transition independent of the specific heat, thermal conductivity, and other variables of the sample.Crystallography, X-Ray: The study of crystal structure using X-RAY DIFFRACTION techniques. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Tissue Scaffolds: Cell growth support structures composed of BIOCOMPATIBLE MATERIALS. They are specially designed solid support matrices for cell attachment in TISSUE ENGINEERING and GUIDED TISSUE REGENERATION uses.Sodium Chloride: A ubiquitous sodium salt that is commonly used to season food.Keratolytic Agents: Agents that soften, separate, and cause desquamation of the cornified epithelium or horny layer of skin. They are used to expose mycelia of infecting fungi or to treat corns, warts, and certain other skin diseases.DimethylformamideEgtazic Acid: A chelating agent relatively more specific for calcium and less toxic than EDETIC ACID.Deamination: The removal of an amino group (NH2) from a chemical compound.Kerosene: A refined petroleum fraction used as a fuel as well as a solvent.Vitrification: The transformation of a liquid to a glassy solid i.e., without the formation of crystals during the cooling process.Sucrose: A nonreducing disaccharide composed of GLUCOSE and FRUCTOSE linked via their anomeric carbons. It is obtained commercially from SUGARCANE, sugar beet (BETA VULGARIS), and other plants and used extensively as a food and a sweetener.Glyceryl Ethers: Compounds in which one or more of the three hydroxyl groups of glycerol are in ethereal linkage with a saturated or unsaturated aliphatic alcohol; one or two of the hydroxyl groups of glycerol may be esterified. These compounds have been found in various animal tissue.Nephelometry and Turbidimetry: Chemical analysis based on the phenomenon whereby light, passing through a medium with dispersed particles of a different refractive index from that of the medium, is attenuated in intensity by scattering. In turbidimetry, the intensity of light transmitted through the medium, the unscattered light, is measured. In nephelometry, the intensity of the scattered light is measured, usually, but not necessarily, at right angles to the incident light beam.Tissue Adhesives: Substances used to cause adherence of tissue to tissue or tissue to non-tissue surfaces, as for prostheses.Models, Chemical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of chemical processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Electrolytes: Substances that dissociate into two or more ions, to some extent, in water. Solutions of electrolytes thus conduct an electric current and can be decomposed by it (ELECTROLYSIS). (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Technology, Pharmaceutical: The application of scientific knowledge or technology to pharmacy and the pharmaceutical industry. It includes methods, techniques, and instrumentation in the manufacture, preparation, compounding, dispensing, packaging, and storing of drugs and other preparations used in diagnostic and determinative procedures, and in the treatment of patients.Dose-Response Relationship, Drug: The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.Protoplasts: The protoplasm and plasma membrane of plant, fungal, bacterial or archaeon cells without the CELL WALL.Lactic Acid: A normal intermediate in the fermentation (oxidation, metabolism) of sugar. The concentrated form is used internally to prevent gastrointestinal fermentation. (From Stedman, 26th ed)Membranes, Artificial: Artificially produced membranes, such as semipermeable membranes used in artificial kidney dialysis (RENAL DIALYSIS), monomolecular and bimolecular membranes used as models to simulate biological CELL MEMBRANES. These membranes are also used in the process of GUIDED TISSUE REGENERATION.Methods: A series of steps taken in order to conduct research.Cyanoacrylates: A group of compounds having the general formula CH2=C(CN)-COOR; it polymerizes on contact with moisture; used as tissue adhesive; higher homologs have hemostatic and antibacterial properties.Magnesium Oxide: Magnesium oxide (MgO). An inorganic compound that occurs in nature as the mineral periclase. In aqueous media combines quickly with water to form magnesium hydroxide. It is used as an antacid and mild laxative and has many nonmedicinal uses.Countercurrent Distribution: A method of separation of two or more substances by repeated distribution between two immiscible liquid phases that move past each other in opposite directions. It is a form of liquid-liquid chromatography. (Stedman, 25th ed)Gelatin: A product formed from skin, white connective tissue, or bone COLLAGEN. It is used as a protein food adjuvant, plasma substitute, hemostatic, suspending agent in pharmaceutical preparations, and in the manufacturing of capsules and suppositories.Chromatography, Gel: Chromatography on non-ionic gels without regard to the mechanism of solute discrimination.Endodeoxyribonucleases: A group of enzymes catalyzing the endonucleolytic cleavage of DNA. They include members of EC 3.1.21.-, EC 3.1.22.-, EC 3.1.23.- (DNA RESTRICTION ENZYMES), EC 3.1.24.- (DNA RESTRICTION ENZYMES), and EC 3.1.25.-.Drug Contamination: The presence of organisms, or any foreign material that makes a drug preparation impure.Dimethylpolysiloxanes: Silicone polymers which consist of silicon atoms substituted with methyl groups and linked by oxygen atoms. They comprise a series of biocompatible materials used as liquids, gels or solids; as film for artificial membranes, gels for implants, and liquids for drug vehicles; and as antifoaming agents.Muramidase: A basic enzyme that is present in saliva, tears, egg white, and many animal fluids. It functions as an antibacterial agent. The enzyme catalyzes the hydrolysis of 1,4-beta-linkages between N-acetylmuramic acid and N-acetyl-D-glucosamine residues in peptidoglycan and between N-acetyl-D-glucosamine residues in chitodextrin. EC 126.96.36.199.Povidone: A polyvinyl polymer of variable molecular weight; used as suspending and dispersing agent and vehicle for pharmaceuticals; also used as blood volume expander.Optical Rotation: The rotation of linearly polarized light as it passes through various media.Detergents: Purifying or cleansing agents, usually salts of long-chain aliphatic bases or acids, that exert cleansing (oil-dissolving) and antimicrobial effects through a surface action that depends on possessing both hydrophilic and hydrophobic properties.2-Propanol: An isomer of 1-PROPANOL. It is a colorless liquid having disinfectant properties. It is used in the manufacture of acetone and its derivatives and as a solvent. Topically, it is used as an antiseptic.Administration, Topical: The application of drug preparations to the surfaces of the body, especially the skin (ADMINISTRATION, CUTANEOUS) or mucous membranes. This method of treatment is used to avoid systemic side effects when high doses are required at a localized area or as an alternative systemic administration route, to avoid hepatic processing for example.Substrate Specificity: A characteristic feature of enzyme activity in relation to the kind of substrate on which the enzyme or catalytic molecule reacts.Biodegradation, Environmental: Elimination of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS; PESTICIDES and other waste using living organisms, usually involving intervention of environmental or sanitation engineers.Blood Substitutes: Substances that are used in place of blood, for example, as an alternative to BLOOD TRANSFUSIONS after blood loss to restore BLOOD VOLUME and oxygen-carrying capacity to the blood circulation, or to perfuse isolated organs.Peptides: Members of the class of compounds composed of AMINO ACIDS joined together by peptide bonds between adjacent amino acids into linear, branched or cyclical structures. OLIGOPEPTIDES are composed of approximately 2-12 amino acids. Polypeptides are composed of approximately 13 or more amino acids. PROTEINS are linear polypeptides that are normally synthesized on RIBOSOMES.Fecal Impaction: Formation of a firm impassable mass of stool in the RECTUM or distal COLON.Rheology: The study of the deformation and flow of matter, usually liquids or fluids, and of the plastic flow of solids. The concept covers consistency, dilatancy, liquefaction, resistance to flow, shearing, thixotrophy, and VISCOSITY.Thermodynamics: A rigorously mathematical analysis of energy relationships (heat, work, temperature, and equilibrium). It describes systems whose states are determined by thermal parameters, such as temperature, in addition to mechanical and electromagnetic parameters. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 12th ed)Scattering, Radiation: The diversion of RADIATION (thermal, electromagnetic, or nuclear) from its original path as a result of interactions or collisions with atoms, molecules, or larger particles in the atmosphere or other media. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Cell Line, Tumor: A cell line derived from cultured tumor cells.Alkanes: The generic name for the group of aliphatic hydrocarbons Cn-H2n+2. They are denoted by the suffix -ane. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Cell Fusion: Fusion of somatic cells in vitro or in vivo, which results in somatic cell hybridization.Oxidation-Reduction: A chemical reaction in which an electron is transferred from one molecule to another. The electron-donating molecule is the reducing agent or reductant; the electron-accepting molecule is the oxidizing agent or oxidant. Reducing and oxidizing agents function as conjugate reductant-oxidant pairs or redox pairs (Lehninger, Principles of Biochemistry, 1982, p471).Chemistry: A basic science concerned with the composition, structure, and properties of matter; and the reactions that occur between substances and the associated energy exchange.ChymotrypsinogenSaxifragaceae: The saxifrage plant family of the order ROSALES, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida. The leaves are alternate and sometimes deeply lobed or form rosettes. The flowers have both male and female parts and 4 or 5 sepals and petals; they are usually in branched clusters. The fruit is a capsule with many seeds.Microscopy, Electron, Transmission: Electron microscopy in which the ELECTRONS or their reaction products that pass down through the specimen are imaged below the plane of the specimen.Plasticizers: Materials incorporated mechanically in plastics (usually PVC) to increase flexibility, workability or distensibility; due to the non-chemical inclusion, plasticizers leach out from the plastic and are found in body fluids and the general environment.Acidosis: A pathologic condition of acid accumulation or depletion of base in the body. The two main types are RESPIRATORY ACIDOSIS and metabolic acidosis, due to metabolic acid build up.Avidin: A specific protein in egg albumin that interacts with BIOTIN to render it unavailable to mammals, thereby producing biotin deficiency.Acrylic ResinsEscherichia coli: A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.Mice, Inbred ICRElectrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel: Electrophoresis in which a polyacrylamide gel is used as the diffusion medium.Cells, Immobilized: Microbial, plant, or animal cells which are immobilized by attachment to solid structures, usually a column matrix. A common use of immobilized cells is in biotechnology for the bioconversion of a substrate to a particular product. (From Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)
Likewise, poisoning due to other alcohols such as ethylene glycol or diethylene glycol are due to their metabolites, which are ... "Global Status Report on Alcohol 2004" (PDF). Retrieved 28 November 2010. Mahon, Connie R.; Lehman, Donald C.; Manuselis, George ... Antifreeze commonly includes a 50% v/v (by volume) solution of ethylene glycol in water. Medical: Ethanol can be used as an ... Preliminary report on its therapeutic efficacy and toxicity". American practitioner and digest of treatment. 3 (1): 23-26. PMID ...
mono-ethylene glycol, di-ethylene glycol and other poly-ethylene glycols) get unavoidably produced. Thus, in-order to prevent ... "Process Economics Program Report 2D". PEP Report. SRI Consulting. February 1985. Retrieved 19 November 2009. Yukelson I.I. ( ... Most ethylene oxide is used for synthesis of ethylene glycols, including diethylene glycol and triethylene glycol, that ... Other important products include ethylene glycol ethers, ethanolamines and ethoxylates. Among glycols, ethylene glycol is used ...
2-glycols and differentiate between different kinds of glycol groups. The following reactions are highlighting the diversity[ ... This oxidation was discovered by Rudolf Criegee and coworkers and first reported in 1931; their seminal publication ... Baer, Grosheintz, Fischer, E.; J. M.; H. O. L.; (1939). "Oxidation of 1,2-Glycols or 1,2,3-Polyalcohols by Means of Lead ... The Criegee oxidation is a glycol cleavage reaction in which vicinal diols are oxidized to form ketones and aldehydes using ...
It has been reported that the two enantiomers had different toxicokinetics and toxicity. It was reported that ... In human volunteers, the cumulative excretion of the (S)-enantiomer of styrene glycol and mendelic acid were higher than the R ... Styrene oxide is subsequently hydrolyzed in vivo to styrene glycol by epoxide hydrolase. Styrene oxide has a chiral center and ...
A research done in Egypt proved that it is not a child syndrome and discussed all the case report. Treatments for ichthyosis ... Application of propylene glycol is another treatment method. Retinoids are used for some conditions. Exposure to sunlight may ... Diabetes has not been definitively linked to acquired ichthyosis or ichthyosis vulgaris; however, there are case reports ...
Toxicity from propylene glycol has been reported in the case of a patient receiving a continuous lorazepam infusion. ... The solvents used are polyethylene glycol 400 and propylene glycol. As a preservative, the injectable solution contains benzyl ... Lorazepam for injection formulated with polyethylene glycol 400 in propylene glycol with 2.0% benzyl alcohol as preservative. ... Sedation is the side effect people taking lorazepam most frequently report. In a group of around 3,500 patients treated for ...
"Statement of the Science Report for Ethylene Glycol". 188.8.131.52 Non-neoplastic effects. Health Canada www.hc-sc.gc.ca. June 24, ... The glycol and water are separated, and the glycol recycled. Instead of removing water, ethylene glycol can also be used to ... The purity of glycol used for hydrate suppression (monoethylene glycol) is typically around 80%, whereas the purity of glycol ... See the article on propylene glycol for more information. The relative sweetness of ethylene glycol and propylene glycol[23 ...
This 57 page report is the latest HERA document on this ingredient of European household cleaning products. Note, the HERA web ... Fruijtier-Pölloth, Claudia (2005). "Safety assessment on polyethylene glycols (PEGs) and their derivatives as used in cosmetic ... CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link) [page needed] This 36 page report is an HERA document on this ingredient in European ... In this application, ethoxylation is known as "PEGylation" (polyethylene oxide is synonymous with polyethylene glycol, ...
Ethylene glycol, often used as an automotive antifreeze, is particularly appealing to cats, and as little as a teaspoonful can ... Essential oils are toxic to cats and there have been reported cases of serious illnesses caused by tea tree oil, and tea tree ... In the United States, cats make up 4.6% of reported cases of rabies infected animals. Other viruses cats may be exposed to ... Toxicity in cats ingesting relatively large amounts of onions or garlic has also been reported. Cats can succumb quickly from ...
2012) reported they were able to replicate CCD with sub-lethal doses of imidacloprid. The imidacloprid-treated hives were ... "Preparation and Characterization of Imidacloprid Lignin-Polyethylene Glycol Matrices Coated with Ethylcellulose". Journal of ... Final Report. Dec 28, 2005.  National Pesticide Information Center. Imidacloprid: General Fact Sheet. May 2010. Herms DA, ... European Draft Assessment Report: Imidacloprid. Annex B, B.7. February 2006] Madhura Shettigar, Stephen Pearce, Rinku Pandey, ...
In a Candida utils strain, one regulatory a one non-regulatory trehalase were also reported. These two enzymes were reported to ... this form is then core-glycosylated in the endoplasmic reticulum to form a 76 kDa glycol-protein. In Golgi bodies, the protein ... In S. cerevisiae at least two distinct trehalases have been reported. One was reported to be regulated by cAMP-dependent ... It has been reported that the maturation of AT is a stepwise process beginning with a carbohydrate-free 41 kDa protein; ...
reported using 80 fs pulses from a colliding mode-locked laser. The laser's wavelength was 627 nm and they used it to pump a ... jet of ethylene glycol. They collimated the resulting continuum and measured the pulse duration at different wavelengths, ... A further advance was reported by Washio et al. in 1980 when they pumped 150 m of single-mode fibre with a 1.34 μm Q-switched ... reported similar results to that achieved by Lin in 1978. Using multimode phosphosilicate fibres pumped at 0.53 and 1.06 μm, ...
The polyethylene glycol provides a moist environment allowing the iodine to reach the bacteria in the wound. PVP-I is the ... broadest spectrum antiseptic for human use and has no reported cases of acquired resistance and is therefore a very effective ... The dressing contains polyethylene glycol (PEG) and purified water as inactive components. The povidone polymer provides a ...
Constipation in children
"Is PEG (Polyethylene Glycol) a more effective laxative than Lactulose in the treatment of a child who is constipated?". ... There is wide variation in the rates of constipation as reported by research in various countries. The variation in research ... Lactulose and milk of magnesia have been compared with polyethylene glycol (PEG) in children. All had similar side effects, but ... Candy D, Belsey J (February 2009). "Macrogol (polyethylene glycol) laxatives in children with functional constipation and ...
PERI's report for 2010, using data from 2006, ranked it 65th. The PERI studies indicated major pollutants included glycol ... In 2008 the Ball Corporation issued its first sustainability report and began releases subsequent sustainability reports on its ... The first report was an ACCA-Ceres North American Sustainability Awards cowinner of the Best First Time Reporter award in 2009 ... The PERI report for 2008, using data from 2005, ranked the Ball Corporation 54th on its Toxic 100 list; ...
It has been reported that the lethal oral dose is 15 to 30 grams. The toxicity of oxalic acid is due to kidney failure caused ... Ingestion of ethylene glycol results in oxalic acid as a metabolite which can also cause acute kidney failure. Nomenclature of ... A variety of precursors can be used including glycolic acid and ethylene glycol. A newer method entails oxidative carbonylation ... oxalic acid summary report, December 2003 Oxalic acid MS Spectrum International Chemical Safety Card 0529 NIOSH Guide to ...
... have been reported. Pseudoacromegaly is an extremely rare side effect reported with large doses of oral minoxidil. Minoxidil ... Cases of allergic reactions to minoxidil or the non-active ingredient propylene glycol, which is found in some topical ... Exacerbation of hair loss/alopecia has been reported. Severe allergic reactions may include rash, hives, itching, difficulty ... Alternate formulations of minoxidil have been explored to reduce contact dermatitis from the alcohol and propylene glycol ...
Electronic cigarette aerosol and liquid
The two most common e-liquid bases are propylene glycol (PG) and vegetable glycerin (VG). Propylene glycol is tasteless and ... The report stated that "it is unknown if the increased exposure to toxicants and particles in exhaled aerosol will lead to an ... The liquid typically contains 95% propylene glycol and glycerin. Propylene glycol and glycerine are used to produce the vapor ... In 2015 a report commissioned by Public Health England concluded that e-cigarettes "release negligible levels of nicotine into ...
The world outcry made Chinese officials ban the practice of using diethylene glycol in toothpaste. Reports have suggested ... Case reports of plasma cell gingivitis have been reported with the use of herbal toothpaste containing cinnamon. SLS has been ... The exact ingredients of this toothpaste are unknown, but it was reported to have been both "functional and pleasant to taste ... The inclusion of sweet-tasting but toxic diethylene glycol in Chinese-made toothpaste led to a recall in 2007 involving ...
Unpublished report from Shell Research Ltd, Sittingbourne Research Centre, Sittingbourne, United Kingdom.] Hutson, D.H.; Logan ... The substance easily mixes with acetone, ethanol, and propylene glycol. Furthermore, chlorfenvinphos is corrosive to metal and ... Therefore, chlorfenvinphos is not one of the compounds about which facilities were required to report to the Toxic Release ... No significant genotoxicity, carcinogenicity or teratogenicity has been reported. On the basis of a NOAEL of 0.05 mg/kg ...
List of medicine contamination incidents
A new mixture of a new drug (sulfanilamide) with a new solvent (diethylene glycol), which Dr. Massengill's salesmen sold as ... 2008 Chinese heparin adulteration 2009, 84 Nigerian children were reported to have died after being given "My Pikin", a ... In July 2007, diethylene glycol was found in counterfeit Sensodyne toothpaste, on sale at a car boot sale in Derbyshire, ... 1937 Elixir sulfanilamide incident: S. E. Massengill Company used diethylene glycol as the solvent, it led to the 1938 Federal ...
Human subject research legislation in the United States
The IRB Report endorsed the establishment and functioning of the Institutional Review Board institution, and the Belmont Report ... Investigation by the American Medical Association showed that a poisonous compound, diethylene glycol, was present in the drug ... of which the most important were the Institutional Review Board Report and the Belmont Report ("Ethical Principles and ... Thalidomide was introduced in 1958, and there were reports of it being unsafe for certain groups, such as pregnant women and ...
Dry rot treatment
Glycol solutions have an advantage in that they can be applied over paint (please confirm). Glycol and boron solutions are ... It has been reported that boron fungicides react with the cellular structure of the wood whereby the boron is deposited, and it ... Please confirm) Boron/glycol preservatives consist of an inorganic boron preservative dissolved in a glycol to produce a paste ... ethylene glycol or propylene glycol, vinegar, etc. Since the dry rot fungus requires an acidic environment from pH --- to --- ( ...
Small interfering RNA
England and reported in Science in 1999. Thomas Tuschl and colleagues soon reported in Nature that synthetic siRNAs could ... Some methods for siRNA delivery adjoin polyethylene glycol (PEG) to the oligonucleotide reducing excretion and improving ... Phase I results of the first two therapeutic RNAi trials (indicated for age-related macular degeneration, aka AMD) reported at ... "Knocking down disease: a progress report on siRNA therapeutics". Nature Reviews Genetics. 16 (9): 543-552. doi:10.1038/nrg3978 ...
Cranial nerve abnormalities are reported in ethylene glycol poisoning, and retinal edema can be a sign of methanol intoxication ... ethylene glycol, paraldehyde, isoniazid Sulfates, metformin Massive rhabdomyolysis A mnemonic can also be used - MUDPILES M- ... Inborn errors of metabolism L-Lactic acidosis E-Ethylene glycol (Note: Ethanol is sometimes included in this mnemonic, as well ...
Adsorption rates for H2S as high as 50% by weight have been reported. ... ethanol or ethylene glycol. Activated carbon will not prevent these chemicals from being absorbed into the human body. It ... It is a measure of activity level (higher number indicates higher degree of activation) often reported in mg/g (typical ... Molasses efficiency is reported as a percentage (range 40%-185%) and parallels molasses number (600 = 185%, 425 = 85%). The ...
... the ACLU report counts any death occurring within hours of exposure to pepper spray. In all 27 cases, the coroners' report ... An emulsifier such as propylene glycol is used to suspend OC in water, and pressurized to make it aerosol in pepper spray. High ... In 1995, the Los Angeles Times reported at least 61 deaths associated with police use of pepper spray since 1990 in the USA. ...
"Purdue report ID-337" (PDF). purdue.edu. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 March 2012. Retrieved 9 July 2017.. ... and Cargill announced plans to make propylene glycol in Europe from glycerol and Dow Chemical announced similar plans for ... It is often reported that Diesel designed his engine to run on peanut oil, but this is not the case. Diesel stated in his ... Global Status Report" (PDF). REN21 (Renewable Energy Policy Network for the 21stCentury. Retrieved 2008-04-03.. ...
پرتو کیهانی - ویکیپدیا، دانشنامهٔ آزاد
Japan NIRS UNSCEAR 2008 report page 8 retrieved 2011-6-29 *^ Princeton.edu "Background radiation" Archived 9 June 2011 at the ... In his report on the experiment, Rossi wrote "... it seems that once in a while the recording equipment is struck by very ... On 31 May 2013, NASA scientists reported that a possible manned mission to Mars may involve a greater radiation risk than ... Physics Reports. 366 (6): 331-405. Bibcode:2002PhR...366..331A. doi:10.1016/S0370-1573(02)00013-3. hdl:2078.1/72661.. ...
"Scientific Reports. 10 (1671): 1671. arXiv:1911.08092. Bibcode:2020NatSR..10.1671T. doi:10.1038/s41598-020-58060-0. PMC 6997386 ... Threose nucleic acid (TNA) has also been proposed as a starting point, as has glycol nucleic acid (GNA), and like PNA, also ... "Scientific Reports. 5: 11405. Bibcode:2015NatSR...511405G. doi:10.1038/srep11405. PMC 4473686. PMID 26091540.. ... The longest primer extension performed by a ribozyme polymerase was 20 bases. In 2016, researchers reported the use of in ...
... induced by cancer chemotherapy has been reported to cause changes in self-concept and body image. Body image does not ... Some people have an allergic reaction to the propylene glycol in the minoxidil solution and a minoxidil foam was developed ... without propylene glycol. Not all users will regrow hair. The longer the hair has stopped growing, the less likely minoxidil ...
اکسیژن - ویکیپدیا، دانشنامهٔ آزاد
... the ACLU report counts any death occurring within hours of exposure to pepper spray. In all 27 cases, the coroners' report ... An emulsifier such as propylene glycol is used to suspend OC in water, and pressurized to make it aerosol in pepper spray. High ... In 1995, the Los Angeles Times reported at least 61 deaths associated with police use of pepper spray since 1990 in the USA. ... Also in found reports, According to the new legislation, those who carry a spray and pepper must present a certificate of ...
Page J. R. "Report on the oil spill from the tanker "Era" at Port Bonython and on the pollution response operations - Report No ... Corexit EC9500A is made mainly of hydrotreated light petroleum distillates, propylene glycol and a proprietary organic ... Reports from Florida scientists showed Corexit "may not have done its job properly" and that the dispersant "does not seem to ... In 2013 it was reported that everywhere along the track that a plume had drifted, a massive die-off of benthic foraminifera was ...
اتیلن - ویکیپدیا، دانشنامهٔ آزاد
... widely used as an automotive antifreeze as well as higher molecular weight glycols, glycol ethers and polyethylene ... "The Ethylene Technology Report 2016 - Research and Markets". www.researchandmarkets.com. Retrieved 19 June 2016.. ... Clockwise from the upper right: its conversions to ethylene oxide, precursor to ethylene glycol; to ethylbenzene, precursor to ... Ethylene oxide is also hydrolyzed to produce ethylene glycol, ... where he reports that Jan Ingenhousz saw ethylene synthesized ...
The yeasts also help keep levels low by consuming diacetyl and reducing it to acetoin and butylene glycol. ... While infection seems to be vineyard-specific, currently, none of any of the implicated lactobacilli has been reported as being ... In the late 20th century, among American winemakers, seemingly healthy fermentation were reported becoming rapidly inundated ...
Solar water heating
"Renewables Global Status Report 2010" (PDF). REN21. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 20, 2010. Retrieved 2012-06-23. ... Pressurized antifreeze systems use a mix of antifreeze (almost always non-toxic propylene glycol) and water mix for HTF in ... "AER issues report on high electricity prices in South Australia". Aer.gov.au. 4 March 2008. Archived from the original on March ... Analysing their lower impact retrofit freeze-tolerant solar water heating system, Allen et al. (qv) reported a production CO2 ...
Following the first report that carbon monoxide is a normal neurotransmitter in 1993, as well as one of three gases ... Following the first report that carbon monoxide is a normal neurotransmitter in 1993, as well as one of three gases ... "AAPCC Annual Data Reports 2007". American Association of Poison Control Centers.. *^ Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ... The American Association of Poison Control Centers (AAPCC) reported 15,769 cases of carbon monoxide poisoning resulting in 39 ...
Titanocene complexes have also been reported:. (η5-Cp)2Ti(η2-(CH3)3SiC≡CSi(CH3)3) + C60 → (η5-Cp)2Ti(η2-C60) + (CH3)3SiC≡CSi(CH ... Complexes have been reported molybdenum, tungsten, platinum, palladium, iridium, and titanium. The pentacarbonyl species are ... Theoretical predictions of buckyball molecules appeared in the late 1960s and early 1970s, but these reports went largely ... A report by Ming Kai College detailing the properties of buckminsterfullerene. *Donald R. Huffman and Wolfgang Krätschmer's ...
"Scientific Reports. 5: 11405. doi:10.1038/srep11405. PMC 4473686. PMID 26091540.. *^ Paul N, Springsteen G, Joyce GF (March ... First crystal structure of a DNAzyme was reported in 2016. 10-23 core based DNAzymes and the respective MNAzymes that ... "After Two Decades Of Trying, Scientists Report First Crystal Structure Of A DNAzyme , January 11, 2016 Issue - Vol. 94 Issue 2 ...
Westcott, A. (1844). "Report to the Onondonga Medical Society on metal paste (amalgam)". American Journal of Dental Science IV ... Mercury has properties of a bacteriostatic agent whereas certain methacrylate polymers (for example TEGMA, triethylene glycol ... A combination of mercury and non-ionizing radiation has been suggested as a factor in the recent increase in reported autism ... and in 1844 it was reported that fifty percent of all dental restorations placed in upstate New York consisted of amalgam. ...
... is a market leader in key products such as ethylene, ethylene glycol, methanol, MTBE and polyethylene. SABIC's wholly ... SABIC reported preliminary consolidated financial results for the period ended September 30, 2010. Net income for the third ... It is currently the second-largest global ethylene glycol producer and is expected to top the list after the introduction of ... the second-largest producer of ethylene glycol and methanol in the world, the third-largest producer of polyethylene and ...
Environmental impact of cleaning products
2-Butoxylethanol, ethylene glycol monobutyl ether (EGBE). 2-Butoxyethanol is a common glycol ether used as a solvent in ... mandatory ingredient reporting, and testing requirements. Some of the chemicals that were restricted included polychlorinated ... Siegfried Rebsdat, Dieter Mayer "Ethylene Glycol" in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, 2000 ...
Despite solubility in propylene glycol it is unlikely to replace water in saponificaction due to propylene glycol primary ... Early reports refer to hydrates with n = 0.5 or n = 2/3, but later careful investigations failed to confirm their existence.[17 ... M. Conde Engineering: "Solid-Liquid Equilibrium (SLE) and Vapour-Liquid Equilibrium (VLE) of Aqueous NaOH". Online report, ...
Global Ethylene Glycol Monomethyl Ether Market Research Report 2017 - QY Research
The Report includes market price, demand, trends, size, Share, Growth, Forecast, Analysis & Overview. ... Research Report on Global Ethylene Glycol Monomethyl Ether Market Research Report 2017. ... The research report studies the global Global ethylene glycol monomethyl ether market research report 2017 market on the basis ... Therefore, the report provides a 360-degree view of the global Global ethylene glycol monomethyl ether market research report ...
Global Monopropylene Glycol (PG) Market Research Report : Industry... - Worldmarketresearch
Global Monopropylene Glycol (PG) Sales Market Report 2016 to its huge collection of research... ... Qyresearchreports include new market research report "Global Monopropylene Glycol (PG) Sales Market Report 2016" to its huge ... Browse Complete Report with TOC @ http://www.qyresearchreports.com/report/global-monopropylene-glycol-pg-sales-market-report- ... Global Monopropylene Glycol (PG) Market Research Report : Industry Shares, Trends and Insights. Press Release • Nov 24, 2016 09 ...
Report explores Global Polyalkylene Glycols Market 2020-2025 - Webnewswire
The report will assist reader with better understanding and decision making.. The global Polyalkylene Glycols market size is ... The report offers in-depth assessment of the growth and other aspects of the Polyalkylene Glycols market in important countries ... The Polyalkylene Glycols market report provides a detailed analysis of global market size, regional and country-level market ... Other Reports by DecisionDatabases.com:. Global 1,2-Propylene Glycol Market 2020 by Manufacturers, Regions, Type and ...
PatientsLikeMe | Polyethylene Glycol 3350 report for patients like you
Find the most comprehensive real-world treatment information on Polyethylene Glycol 3350 at PatientsLikeMe. 72 patients with ... bipolar I disorder or psoriasis currently take Polyethylene Glycol 3350. ... Commonly reported side effects and conditions associated with Polyethylene Glycol 3350 Side effect. Patients. ... Stopped taking Polyethylene Glycol 3350 Duration. Patients. This item is relevant to you: Less than 1 month 11 * 11 ...
PatientsLikeMe | Glycerin-propylene glycol report for patients like you
Find the most comprehensive real-world treatment information on Glycerin-propylene glycol at PatientsLikeMe. 0 patients with ... bipolar I disorder or psoriasis currently take Glycerin-propylene glycol. ... Glycerin-propylene glycol is a combination lubricant for the eye used for dry eyes and to keep them lubricated all day. ... Information on PatientsLikeMe.com is reported by our members and is not medical advice. ...
Ethylene Glycols Summary Report | CureHunter
Ethylene Glycols: An ethylene compound with two hydroxy groups (-OH) located on adjacent carbons. They are viscous and ... Ethylene Glycols. Subscribe to New Research on Ethylene Glycols An ethylene compound with two hydroxy groups (-OH) located on ... mono-DTPA-ethylene glycol-gallium-deuteroporphyrin. *N,N,N,N-tetrakis(2-benzimidazolylmethyl)-1,4-diethylene amino glycol ... 01/01/1965 - "[Experimental oxalic calculosis: late dangers of administration of ethylene glycols].". ...
Propylene Glycols Summary Report | CureHunter
Derivatives of propylene glycol (1,2-propanediol). They are used as humectants and solvents in pharmaceutical preparations. ... Propylene Glycols. Subscribe to New Research on Propylene Glycols Derivatives of propylene glycol (1,2-propanediol). They are ... poly(ethylene glycol)-block-poly(propylene glycol)-block-poly(ethylene glycol) copolymer: 2 ... acid producibility from glycols (propylene and ethylene glycol) and plasmid DNA profiles. ". ...
Global Triethylene Glycol Dimethacrylate(TEGDMA) Industry, 2015 illuminated by new report: Reportstack
This report is a professional and in-depth study on the current state of the Triethylene Glycol Dimethacrylate(TEGDMA) industry ... Global Triethylene Glycol Dimethacrylate(TEGDMA) Industry Report 2015 is a new market research publication announced by ... Industry Report 2015. The report focuses on global major leading industry players providing information such as company ... This report also states import/export consumption, supply and demand Figures, cost, price, revenue and gross margins. ...
Global Propylene Glycol Category - Procurement Market Intelligence Report
MarketOne of the key growth factors for global propylene glycol supply market is the increasing demand of the propylene glycol ... Report Delivery *How and when I will receive my Report?. * Most reports are delivered right away in a pdf format, while others ... For a full, detailed list, view our report. Category constraints. • Constant change in prices of propylene glycol. • For a full ... The report provides actionable insights to improve source-to-contract cycle performance in the Global Propylene Glycol Market. ...
Glycol Market in Malaysia: Business Report 2018
The report starts with giving brief country profile for Malaysia, including general ... This report is a comprehensive research of glycol market in Malaysia. ... This report is a comprehensive research of glycol market in Malaysia.. The report starts with giving brief country profile for ... Glycol consumers in Malaysia. Please note that Glycol Market in Malaysia: Business Report 2018 is a half ready publication. It ...
Propylene Glycol Market Research Reports
Interested in Propylene Glycol Market Reports? Find and compare what Top Markets Research publishers have to offer. Contact our ... List of Tables Canada, Propylene Glycol (PG)Industry, Demand Value, $m, 2005-2019 Canada, Propylene Glycol (PG)Industry, Demand ... List of Tables Canada, Propylene Glycol (PG)Industry, Demand Value, $m, 2005-2019 Canada, Propylene Glycol (PG)Industry, Demand ... List of Tables Canada, Propylene Glycol (PG)Industry, Demand Value, $m, 2005-2019 Canada, Propylene Glycol (PG)Industry, Demand ...
2015 Deep Market Research Report on Global Diethylene Glycol Monobuthyl Ether Acetate(DBAC) Industry: Reportstack
This report is a professional and depth research report on Global Diethylene Glycol Monobuthyl Ether Acetate(DBAC) industry ... To view the table of contents and know more details please visit 2015 Deep Market Research Report on Global Diethylene Glycol ... In conclusion, it is a deep research report on Global Diethylene Glycol Monobuthyl Ether Acetate(DBAC) industry. Here, we ... 2015 Deep Market Research Report on Global Diethylene Glycol Monobuthyl Ether Acetate(DBAC) Industry is a new market research ...
IRIS Toxicological Review of Ethylene Glycol Mono Butyl Ether (EGBE) (Final Report) | Science Inventory | US EPA
IRIS Toxicological Review of Ethylene Glycol Mono Butyl Ether (EGBE) (Final Report). Contact. U.S. EPA Risk Information Hotline ... EPA Home » Science Inventory » IRIS Toxicological Review of Ethylene Glycol Mono Butyl Ether (EGBE) (Final Report) ... IRIS Toxicological Review of Ethylene Glycol Mono Butyl Ether (EGBE) (Final Report). U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, ... Ethylene Glycol Mono-Butyl Ether, CASNUMBER=111-76-2, SUBSTANCE=ETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOBUTYL ETHER, 111-76-2, substance_nmbr=500, ...
Polyethylene Glycol Adhesives Market Overview, Growth, Demand and Forecast Research Report to 2021 | Business
The Polyethylene Glycol Adhesives Market research report is a professional and in-depth study on the current state of the ... Further in the report, the Polyethylene Glycol Adhesives Market is examined for price, cost and gross. These three points are ... The Report provides a basic overview of the Polyethylene Glycol Adhesives Market including definitions, classifications, ... Next part of the Polyethylene Glycol Adhesives Market analysis report speaks about the manufacturing process. The process is ...
Sequence Similarity - 1LG2: CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF HUMAN CHITOTRIOSIDASE IN COMPLEX WITH ETHYLENE GLYCOL Sequence...
Global Polyalkylene Glycol Ethers Market Research Report 2017
Polyalkylene Glycol Ethers Report by Material, Application, and Geography - - Market research report and industry analysis - ... Global Polyalkylene Glycol Ethers Market Research Report 2017 Global Polyalkylene Glycol Ethers Market Research Report 2017 ... Global Polyalkylene Glycol Ethers Market Research Report 2017. Polyalkylene Glycol Ethers Report by Material, Application, and ... Chapter One Polyalkylene Glycol Ethers Industry Overview. 1.1 Polyalkylene Glycol Ethers Definition. 1.2 Polyalkylene Glycol ...
2016 iso-Propyl Glycol (iPG) Global Market Report : ReportsnReports
Global Market Report report by Prof Research. The Global and Chinese iso-Propyl Glycol (iPG) Industry, 2011-... ... Check for Discount on 2016 iso-Propyl Glycol (iPG) ... 2016 iso-Propyl Glycol (iPG) Global Market Report Table of ... 9.1 iso-Propyl Glycol (iPG) Industry News 9.2 iso-Propyl Glycol (iPG) Industry Development Challenges 9.3 iso-Propyl Glycol ( ... The report provides key statistics on the market status of the iso-Propyl Glycol (iPG) manufacturers and is a valuable source ...
Global Glycol Ethers Market Professional Survey Report 2018 : ReportsnReports
Check for Discount on Global Glycol Ethers Market Professional Survey Report 2018 report by QYResearch Group. This report ... studies the global Glycol Ethers market status and... ... This report studies the global Glycol Ethers market status and ... Global Glycol Ethers Market Professional Survey Report 2018. 1 Industry Overview of Glycol Ethers. 1.1 Definition and ... 5.3 China Glycol Ethers Market Analysis. 5.3.1 China Glycol Ethers Market Overview. 5.3.2 China 2013-2018E Glycol Ethers Local ...
Propylene glycol | Physiological Reports
Ethylene glycol ingestion masked by concomitant ethanol intoxication | BMJ Case Reports
FMI Research Report Covers the Propylene Glycol Market Share and Growth, 2014-2020 | May 15, 2017 - ReleaseWire
Dipropylene glycol is used in unsaturated polyester resins and personal care products and tripropylene glycol has application ... Propylene glycol is miscible with water, chloroform, and acetone and is hygroscopic in nature. It is chemically neutral that ... Propylene glycol is manufactured in two grades namely, industrial or technical grade and USD/EP grade. It designates the ... Unique features of propylene glycol makes it useful in a wide variety of applications. It is used as solvent, holds and ...
Diethylene Glycol Monoethyl Ether Market Size | Industry Report, 2025
The global diethylene glycol monoethyl ether market size was estimated at USD 374.9 million in 2018 and is expected to witness ... Diethylene Glycol Monoethyl Ether Market Size, Industry Report, 2025 Diethylene Glycol Monoethyl Ether Market Size, Share & ... For the purpose of this study, Grand View Research has segmented the global diethylene glycol monoethyl ether market report on ... Segments Covered in the Report. This report forecasts revenue growth at global, regional, and country level and provides an ...
Propylene Glycol Methyl Ether Acetate (PGMEA) for Electronic Materials Market Report for Period 2018 till 2024 Dynamic INTL,...
Propylene Glycol Methyl Ether Acetate (PGMEA) for Electronic Materials Market Report for Period 2018 till 2024 Dynamic INTL, ... Propylene Glycol Methyl Ether Acetate (PGMEA) for Electronic Materials Market - ... The report finally provides detailed research report conclusion, which provides summary of entire report and vital suggestions ... Global Propylene Glycol Methyl Ether Acetate (PGMEA) for Electronic Materials market report emphasizes on detailed analysis of ...
United States Glycol Sulfite Market Report 2016 - RnR Market Research
3800 for a Single User PDF License from RnR Market Research Reports Library. ... United States Glycol Sulfite Market Report 2016 is a market research report available at US $ ... United States Glycol Sulfite Market Report 2016. Table of Contents. United States Glycol Sulfite Market Report 2016. 1 Glycol ... Home , Materials & Chemicals , Report Detail United States Glycol Sulfite Market Report 2016. Publisher Name : QYResearch Group ...
Global Hexylene Glycol Sales Market Report 2017 - RnR Market Research
4000 for a Single User PDF License from RnR Market Research Reports Library. ... Global Hexylene Glycol Sales Market Report 2017 is a market research report available at US $ ... Global Hexylene Glycol Sales Market Report 2017. Table of Contents. Global Hexylene Glycol Sales Market Report 2017. 1 Hexylene ... Home , Materials & Chemicals , Chemicals , Organic Chemicals , Report Detail Global Hexylene Glycol Sales Market Report 2017. ...
Glycol Ethers Market for the Period 2015-2021, Report Examines by Persistence Market Research (PMR) | Feb 8, 2016 - ReleaseWire
E-series glycol ethers have higher toxicity as compared to P-series. E-series glycol ethers include ethyl and butyl glycol ... Glycol ethers are compatible with water and other organic solvents. Majority of the demand for glycol ethers is from paints and ... Depending upon the oxides used in the production of glycol ethers, the market is classified as P-series and E-series. E-series ... P-series glycol ethers are manufactured from propylene oxides and find applications in cleaners, degreasers, adhesives and ...
Global Polyethylene Glycol Adhesive Market Research Report Forecast 2017 to 2022 [Report Updated: 29062017] Prices from USD ...
Delivery of the Report will take 23 working days once order is placed.The Global Polyethylene Glycol Adhesive Market Research ... Global Polyethylene Glycol Adhesive Market Research Report Forecast 2017 to 2022 [Report Updated: 18092017] Prices from USD 00 ... Global Polyethylene Glycol Ester Market Research Report Forecast 2017 to 2021 [Report Updated: 16102017] Prices from USD 00 ... Global Polyethylene Glycol 8000 Market Research Report Forecast 2017 to 2022 [Report Updated: 18122017] Prices from USD 00 ...
Global Polyethylene Glycol Adhesives Industry 2017, Trends and Forecast Report, Trends, Share, Size Research Report
Trends and Forecast Report Size and Share Published in 2017-09-30 Available for US$ 2850 at Researchmoz.us ... 6.) the report conclusion. Table of Contents. Part I Polyethylene Glycol Adhesives Industry Overview. Chapter One Polyethylene ... The report includes six parts, dealing with: 1.) basic information; 2.) the Asia Polyethylene Glycol Adhesives Market; 3.) the ... Polyethylene Glycol Adhesives Report by Material, Application, and Geography Global Forecast to 2021 is a professional and in- ...
Global Bio-Based Propylene Glycol (PG) Market Research Report 2017 - QY Research
Market Research Report 2017. The Report includes market price, demand, trends, size, Share, Growth, Forecast, Analysis & ... Research Report on Global Bio-Based Propylene Glycol (PG) ... In this report, the global Bio-Based Propylene Glycol (PG) ... The research report studies the global Global bio based propylene glycol pg market research report 2017 market on the basis of ... Therefore, the report provides a 360-degree view of the global Global bio based propylene glycol pg market research report 2017 ...
Monoethylene Glycol Market Size, Trends | MEG Industry Report, 2025
The global monoethylene glycol market is expected to witness significant growth over the forecast period on account of its ... demand for polyester fiber from the global textile industry has triggered increased production of monoethylene glycol (MEG) ... Monoethylene Glycol Market Size, Trends, MEG Industry Report, 2025 Monoethylene Glycol Market Size, Share & Trends Analysis ... The global monoethylene glycol market is expected to witness significant growth over the forecast period on account of its ...
2017AcetateRevenueTaking Polyethylene GlycRevenueMonoethylene20192020ForecastElectrolytesIngestionBowel preparationTrendsAssociated with diethylene glycolPolyethylene Glycol Adhesives IndustryDiethylene glycol monoethyl etherPropylene Glycol Industry ForecastsEthylSegment by ApplicationClassified glycol ethersUnsaturated polyester resinsPolyalkylene glycol marketGlycerolGrowthApplication2021DemandAnalysisDownstreamPolypropyleneRegionsAdhesivesButyl glycolDipropylene GlycolMonopropylene Glycol
- The report also provides an estimation of the overall market size in terms of both value and volume and offers qualitative and quantitative insights into the key segments and the geographical subdivisions of the Global ethylene glycol monomethyl ether market research report 2017 market. (qyresearchreports.com)
- Therefore, the report provides a 360-degree view of the global Global ethylene glycol monomethyl ether market research report 2017 market. (qyresearchreports.com)
- The report also performs a methodical examination of the vendor landscape of the global Global ethylene glycol monomethyl ether market research report 2017 market by analyzing the company profiles of prominent companies operating in the market. (qyresearchreports.com)
- It also pays attention to the hierarchy of the global Global ethylene glycol monomethyl ether market research report 2017 market by evaluating the current developments and future prospects of market participants. (qyresearchreports.com)
- Extensive Study on Impact of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic on the Ethylene Glycol Monobutyl Ether Acetate (BGA) market originally based on Current Research of Potential Growth Challenges and Future Progress till 2029. (bbstate.com)
- The Ethylene Glycol Monobutyl Ether Acetate (BGA) report encompasses a cautious evaluation of small and monetary science trouble that is influencing the enlargement of the market. (bbstate.com)
- The evaluation for Ethylene Glycol Monobutyl Ether Acetate (BGA) analyzes current and destiny potentialities to grasp the staleness of the marketplace. (bbstate.com)
- The worldwide Ethylene Glycol Monobutyl Ether Acetate (BGA) marketplace has a comprehensive prospect that covers the assorted facet of Ethylene Glycol Monobutyl Ether Acetate (BGA) marketplace. (bbstate.com)
- The Ethylene Glycol Monobutyl Ether Acetate (BGA) is organized with the aid of existing exquisite and cutting-edge market country of affairs. (bbstate.com)
- 1. To induce a discriminating survey of Ethylene Glycol Monobutyl Ether Acetate (BGA) market and have the numerous meaning of the worldwide Ethylene Glycol Monobutyl Ether Acetate (BGA) market and its complete landscape. (bbstate.com)
- 2. Assess international Ethylene Glycol Monobutyl Ether Acetate (BGA) market manufacturing processes, essential issues, and answers to decrease the enlargement risk. (bbstate.com)
- 3. To recognize the foremost vast drives and discretion forces in Ethylene Glycol Monobutyl Ether Acetate (BGA) Market and its collision inside the worldwide market. (bbstate.com)
- 4. To personal the precis regarding Ethylene Glycol Monobutyl Ether Acetate (BGA) market methods which can be being applied by means of leading diverse industries. (bbstate.com)
- 5. To know the exquisite outlook and potentialities for Ethylene Glycol Monobutyl Ether Acetate (BGA) market. (bbstate.com)
- 6. Save and reduce time carrying out entry-level studies by figuring out the growth, size, top players, and segments inside the global Ethylene Glycol Monobutyl Ether Acetate (BGA) market. (bbstate.com)
- 8. The key findings and suggestions highlight essential progressive industry tendencies in the Ethylene Glycol Monobutyl Ether Acetate (BGA) Market, thereby permitting players to develop powerful long-term strategies. (bbstate.com)
- 10. Scrutinize in-depth global Ethylene Glycol Monobutyl Ether Acetate (BGA) market progress and outlook linked with the factors boosting the market, as well as those controlling it. (bbstate.com)
- Product executives, industry administrator, Ethylene Glycol Monobutyl Ether Acetate (BGA) chief regulative officers of the industries. (bbstate.com)
- Chapter 3, the Polyalkylene Glycols competitive situation, sales, revenue and global market share of top manufacturers are analyzed emphatically by landscape contrast. (webnewswire.com)
- Chapter 4, the Polyalkylene Glycols breakdown data are shown at the regional level, to show the sales, revenue and growth by regions, from 2015 to 2020. (webnewswire.com)
- The report focuses on global major leading industry players providing information such as company profiles, product picture and specification, capacity, production, price, cost, revenue and contact information. (pitchengine.com)
- The Global Propylene Glycol Methyl Ether Acetate (PGMEA) for Electronic Materials Market report explores manufacturer's competitive scenario and provides market share for all major players of this market based on production capacity, sales, revenue, geographical presence and other major factors. (openpr.com)
- Global Dipropylene Glycol Dibenzoate Revenue (Million USD) by Manufacturers (2015-2020) Table 8. (marketstudyreport.com)
- Global Dipropylene Glycol Dibenzoate by Company Type (Tier 1, Tier 2 and Tier 3) (based on the Revenue in Dipropylene Glycol Dibenzoate as of 2019) Table 14. (marketstudyreport.com)
- Global Dipropylene Glycol Dibenzoate Revenue (Million US$) by Region (2015-2020) Table 19. (marketstudyreport.com)
- Global Dipropylene Glycol Dibenzoate Revenue Market Share by Region (2015-2020) Table 20. (marketstudyreport.com)
- The sorbitol report provides an overview of the above companies followed by their financial revenue, business strategies and recent developments. (mrrse.com)
- For each manufacturer covered, this report analyzes their Glycol Ether manufacturing sites, capacity, production, ex-factory price, revenue and market share in global market. (htfmarketreport.com)
- According to this study, over the next five years the 1,2-Propylene Glycol market will register a 2.6% CAGR in terms of revenue, the global market size will reach US$ 3514.6 million by 2024, from US$ 3172.5 million in 2019. (decisiondatabases.com)
- In particular, this report presents the global market share (sales and revenue) of key companies in 1,2-Propylene Glycol business, shared in Chapter 3. (decisiondatabases.com)
- The global monoethylene glycol market is expected to witness significant growth over the forecast period on account of its widespread applications in numerous end-use industries including consumer goods, construction, automotive, pharmaceutical, textiles and chemical processing. (grandviewresearch.com)
- Increasing demand for polyester fiber from the global textile industry has triggered increased production of monoethylene glycol (MEG) which is expected to be a major driver for market growth. (grandviewresearch.com)
- Monoethylene glycol is primarily used in the manufacturing of PET and polyester resins. (grandviewresearch.com)
- Market for monoethylene glycol is segmented on the basis of application into polyester resins, PET, antifreeze & coolants, chemical intermediates and heat transfer fluids. (grandviewresearch.com)
- chemmonitor ) -- Asian prices for monoethylene glycol (MEG) demonstrated a certain increase early this month in CFR China deals. (mrcplast.com)
- They were employed in studying the binary vapor-liquid equilibria (VLE) of methane + methanol, monoethylene glycol (MEG), and triethylene glycol (TEG). (scirp.org)
- The global Polyalkylene Glycols market size is expected to gain market growth in the forecast period of 2020 to 2025, with a CAGR of 6.3% in the forecast period of 2020 to 2025 and will expected to reach USD 2655.7 million by 2025, from USD 2076.1 million in 2019. (webnewswire.com)
- Global 1,2-Propylene Glycol Market 2019-2024 report delivers a comprehensive research based study of the market along with the market share, forecast data, in-depth analysis, and detailed overview of the 1,2-Propylene Glycolindustry with respect to Global market. (decisiondatabases.com)
- All reports are based on the most recent economic data available (Q4 2019). (intratec.us)
- The latest trending report Global Polyalkylene Glycols Market 2020 by Manufacturers, Regions, Type and Application, Forecast to 2025 offered by DecisionDatabases.com is an informative study covering the market with detailed analysis. (webnewswire.com)
- Future Market Insights has announced the addition of the "Propylene Glycol Market: Global Industry Analysis and Opportunity Assessment 2014 - 2020' report to their offering. (sbwire.com)
- The global diethylene glycol dibenzoate (dedb) market size is expected to register a significant CAGR during the forecast period 2020 to 2027. (researchcorridor.com)
- Research Corridor new comprehensive study on diethylene glycol dibenzoate (dedb) market offers in-depth analysis on industry trends, market size, competitive analysis and market forecast - 2020 to 2027. (researchcorridor.com)
- In this report, 2014 is considered as the base year and the forecast period is between 2015 and 2020. (marketsandmarkets.com)
- Amid the COVID-19 crisis, the global market for Glycol Ethers estimated at US$5 Billion in the year 2020, is projected to reach a revised size of US$6.5 Billion by 2027, growing at a CAGR of 3.8% over the period 2020-2027. (yahoo.com)
- The Glycol Ethers market in the U.S. is estimated at US$1.3 Billion in the year 2020. (yahoo.com)
- The 287-page report presents concise insights into how the pandemic has impacted production and the buy side for 2020 and 2021. (yahoo.com)
- Global Dipropylene Glycol Dibenzoate Sales (MT) Comparison by Application: 2020 VS 2026 Table 3. (marketstudyreport.com)
- Global Dipropylene Glycol Dibenzoate Market Size by Type (MT) (US$ Million) (2020 VS 2026) Table 4. (marketstudyreport.com)
- Global Dipropylene Glycol Dibenzoate Sales (MT) by Manufacturers (2015-2020) Table 6. (marketstudyreport.com)
- Global Market Dipropylene Glycol Dibenzoate Average Price (USD/MT) of Key Manufacturers (2015-2020) Table 10. (marketstudyreport.com)
- Global Dipropylene Glycol Dibenzoate Sales (MT) by Region (2015-2020) Table 17. (marketstudyreport.com)
- Global Dipropylene Glycol Dibenzoate Sales Market Share by Region (2015-2020) Table 18. (marketstudyreport.com)
- This report, which was issued in 2012, includes base data for 2010 and estimates and forecasts for 2011, 2012, 2015 and 2020. (ihsmarkit.com)
- The analysis, also enabled the study present details pertaining to the threats and opportunities that the global Monopropylene Glycol (PG) market is projected to witness during the aforementioned forecast period. (mynewsdesk.com)
- This report studies the global Glycol Ethers market status and forecast, categorizes the global Glycol Ethers market size (value & volume) by manufacturers, type, application, and region. (reportsnreports.com)
- Western Europe had the largest demand for glycol ethers and is likely to follow similar trend over forecast period. (sbwire.com)
- The Global Polyethylene Glycol Adhesive Market Research Report Forecast 20172022 is a valuable source of insightful data for business strategists. (bioportfolio.com)
- Global diethylene glycol dibenzoate (dedb) market size and forecast were obtained by using "Bottom-up" and "Top-down" approaches. (researchcorridor.com)
- Produced by the ICIS Consulting team, these reports give a robust rolling 12-month price forecast, trade balances and in-depth analysis into where markets are heading - providing a valuable tool to support your short- to medium-term plans. (icis.com)
- Within Europe, Germany is forecast to grow at approximately 1.9% CAGR while Rest of European market (as defined in the study) will reach US$1.4 Billion by the year 2027.The publisher brings years of research experience to this 8th edition of our report. (yahoo.com)
- Increasing complexities in the automobile engines is likely to have a significant influence on the polyalkylene glycol market size during the forecast period. (gminsights.com)
- Volatility in crude oil prices is likely to impede the overall polyalkylene glycol market size during the forecast period. (gminsights.com)
- This section includes a propylene glycol methyl ether acetate market view point, value chain analysis and forecast factor impact analysis. (mrrse.com)
- In this report, we have presented a forecast in terms of CAGR and analyzed the market on the basis of Year-on-Year (Y-o-Y) growth to understand and identify opportunities in the propylene glycol methyl ether acetate market. (mrrse.com)
- The report covers forecast and analysis for the Neopentyl Glycol (NPG) Market on a global and regional level. (joomag.com)
- In addition, the use of propylene glycol, abbreviated (PG), in the production of unsaturated polyester resins (UPRs), which are heavily consumed in the building, transportation, and marine sectors, will also boost the development of the market for propylene glycol over the forecast period. (factmr.com)
- In addition, higher demand for bio-based techniques and uses of renewable products in different industries will increase the market for bio-based propylene glycol over the forecast period. (factmr.com)
- In addition, the millennial consumer's preference for valuable cosmetic products and enriched demand for propylene glycol-based medicine in the forecast period will increase the demand for propylene glycol in the chemical intermediaries and cosmetic sectors. (factmr.com)
- The easy and abundant availability of various raw materials including ethylene glycol, propylene glycol and glycerin in India, China and US will drive the demand over the forecast period. (steunmijnclub.nl)
- GoLYTELY is a combination of polyethylene glycol 3350, an osmotic laxative , and electrolytes (sodium sulfate, sodium chloride, sodium bicarbonate and potassium chloride) for oral solution. (rxlist.com)
- Electrodeposition of cadmium telluride from electrolytes based on ethylene glycol Dergacheva, M. (deepdyve.com)
- The polyethylene glycol (PEG) and electrolytes solution is used to cleanse the colon (bowel) before certain medical tests (eg, colonoscopy, barium enema X-ray exam) or colon surgery. (mayoclinic.org)
- Ethylene glycol is rapidly absorbed following ingestion, which is the predominant route of exposure. (cdc.gov)
- Ingestion of ethylene glycol produces CNS depression which may be accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and abdominal cramps. (cdc.gov)
- Signs of ethylene glycol poisoning depend upon the time after ingestion. (wikipedia.org)
- An additional stage four (days to weeks after ingestion) that manifests as delayed neurological deficits was originally suggested by Factor and Lava [ 4 ] in 1987 based on three case reports exhibiting cranial nerve deficits [ 5 , 6 , 7 ] following EG poisoning. (springer.com)
- Most of the time, propylene glycol does not accumulate in your body, as it breaks down within 48 hours of ingestion or exposure. (steunmijnclub.nl)
- Eighty milliliter per kilogram of polyethylene glycol (PEG) for bowel preparation (BP) has been recommended, but the amount of liquid orally without nasogastric intubation is difficult to achieve. (nature.com)
- Bowel preparation for pediatric colonoscopy: report of the NASPGHAN endoscopy and procedures committee. (nature.com)
- Herein, we report a case of non-occlusive mesenteric ischemia (NOMI) induced by polyethylene glycol with an ascorbate component (PEG + Asc) that was used as a colonic bowel preparation. (springer.com)
- The report on the global Monopropylene Glycol (PG) market is intended to help stakeholders a better perspective of the prevailing trends and vulnerabilities of the market. (mynewsdesk.com)
- The Triethylene Glycol Dimethacrylate(TEGDMA) market analysis is provided for the international markets including development trends, competitive landscape analysis, and key regions development status. (pitchengine.com)
- The Triethylene Glycol Dimethacrylate(TEGDMA) industry development trends and marketing channels are analyzed. (pitchengine.com)
- The report features thorough study of important market and their current trends, coupled with respective market segments. (ndmcolumns.com)
- Thereby, the report identifies unique growth opportunities across the world based on trends occurring in various developed and developing economies. (researchcorridor.com)
- To give a better understanding of the market, the report comes loaded with analysis of factors such as drivers, trends and restraints and their impact on the market dynamics. (mrrse.com)
- Various details about the manufacturing process such as market drivers, impact of drivers, market challenges and impact of drivers and challenges, market trends, vendor landscape analysis and so on, is discussed in the report. (beforeitsnews.com)
- To analyze the 1,2-Propylene Glycol with respect to individual growth trends, future prospects, and their contribution to the total market. (decisiondatabases.com)
- We recently purchased one of the Market Analysis & Trends reports and have found it to be very informative. (researchandmarkets.com)
Associated with diethylene glycol1
Polyethylene Glycol Adhesives Industry1
Diethylene glycol monoethyl ether2
- Rising adoption of diethylene glycol monoethyl ether as a coalescing agent in production of water-based coatings is a major factor driving the industry. (grandviewresearch.com)
- Diethylene glycol monoethyl ether is used in the formulation of various cosmeceutical products as it has skin treatment properties. (grandviewresearch.com)
Propylene Glycol Industry Forecasts1
Segment by Application1
- Segment by Type, the Dipropylene Glycol Dibenzoate market is segmented into 0.99 Other Segment by Application Plasticizer Ink Adhesive Other Global Dipropylene Glycol Dibenzoate Market: Regional Analysis The Dipropylene Glycol Dibenzoate market is analysed and market size information is provided by regions (countries). (marketstudyreport.com)
Classified glycol ethers1
Unsaturated polyester resins6
- Dipropylene glycol is used in unsaturated polyester resins and personal care products and tripropylene glycol has application in acrylates and polyurethanes. (sbwire.com)
- About half of the propylene glycol produced is been used as a chemical feedstock to manufacture unsaturated polyester resins. (sbwire.com)
- The industrial applications of propylene glycol are to manufacture paints and coatings, resins and plastics, used as an intermediate to manufacture other chemical substances such as unsaturated polyester resins that are used in pipes or windmill blades and bath and kitchenware. (sbwire.com)
- Hence growing demand for unsaturated polyester resins to boost demand for propylene glycol in the near future. (sbwire.com)
- Diethylene glycol is used in the manufacture of unsaturated polyester resins, polyurethanes, and plasticizers. (wikipedia.org)
- Propylene glycol is also used extensively in the manufacture of unsaturated polyester resins strengthened with fiberglass used in construction panels, bathroom parts, fittings, corrosion-resistant tanks, and recreational vehicles. (factmr.com)
Polyalkylene glycol market9
- The global Polyalkylene glycol market has been segmented on the basis of type, application, and geography. (marketsandmarkets.com)
- This research study used extensive secondary sources, directories, and databases such as Hoovers, Bloomberg BusinessWeek, and Factiva to identify and collect information useful for this technical, market-oriented, and commercial study of the polyalkylene glycol market. (marketsandmarkets.com)
- The target audience for the Polyalkylene glycol market report would be PAGs manufacturers, dealers, suppliers, end-use companies, raw material suppliers, and others. (marketsandmarkets.com)
- The Polyalkylene glycol market has been segmented on the basis of application into lubricants, surface active agents, pharmaceutical, personal care, and others. (marketsandmarkets.com)
- This in turn will boost demand for PU foams and will subsequently have positive impact on polyalkylene glycol market size over the projected timespan. (gminsights.com)
- Escalating lubricants demand in automobile industry has been stimulating the polyalkylene glycol market size in the recent years. (gminsights.com)
- This in turn will propel the overall polyalkylene glycol market size by 2024. (gminsights.com)
- This, in turn, has affected the petrochemical prices which is likely to hinder polyalkylene glycol market size in the coming years. (gminsights.com)
- However, increasing product application scope in personal care and pharmaceuticals industry is likely to generate plentiful opportunities for polyalkylene glycol market size by 2024. (gminsights.com)
- It was first manufactured in 1859 by the hydrolysis of propylene glycol diacetate, but it wasn't until 1931 that it was first commercialized and used as a substitute for glycerol in pharmaceuticals. (intratec.us)
- This study presents the economics of Propylene Glycol production from glycerol using a liquid-phase process similar to Suppes process in the United States. (intratec.us)
- In this process, glycerol is submitted to hydrogenation, yielding propylene glycol. (intratec.us)
- This report presents the economics of Propylene Glycol production from glycerol in the United States. (intratec.us)
- The compound can include an acid molecule attached to a glycerol or glycol molecule via an ester linkage. (freepatentsonline.com)
- Propylene Glycol, CAS# 57-55-6, Propylene glycol can be used as raw material for unsaturated polyester resin.In cosmetics, toothpaste and soap can be used with glycerol or sorbitol with a wetting agent. (steunmijnclub.nl)
- In addition, the report presents a complete round-up of the vulnerabilities, which leading players need to avoid in order to continue enjoying sustainable growth. (mynewsdesk.com)
- One of the key growth factors for global propylene glycol supply market is the increasing demand of the propylene glycol as an anti-freeze agent in industries such as automotive, personal care, and cosmetics due to its non-toxic nature. (reportlinker.com)
- Also, the Polyethylene Glycol Adhesives Market growth in various regions and R&D status are also covered. (beforeitsnews.com)
- Rest of the World market is likely to show optimistic growth for the glycol ethers market in upcoming years. (sbwire.com)
- New investment feasibility Studied and Industry growth is included in the report. (ndmcolumns.com)
- The automotive industry is the largest consumer of PAGs for lubricant application and the rapid growth of the industry is expected to drive the demand for polyalkylene glycols. (marketsandmarkets.com)
- This will surge the personal care products demand in these regions and in turn, boost the tripropylene glycol market growth in the upcoming days. (gminsights.com)
- These factors may hinder the global tripropylene glycol market growth. (gminsights.com)
- Global Dipropylene Glycol Dibenzoate Sales (MT) Growth Rate Comparison by Type (2015-2026) Table 2. (marketstudyreport.com)
- Hexa Reports is a market research and consulting organization, offering industry reports, custom research and consulting services to a host of key industries across the globe.We offer comprehensive business intelligence in the form of industry reports which help our clients obtain clarity about their business environment and enable them to undertake strategic growth initiatives. (joomag.com)
- Imposed regulations on the proper use of propylene glycol are expected to slow the market growth. (factmr.com)
- Increasing health consciousness among the consumers might hamper the growth of the propylene glycol market. (factmr.com)
- Therefore, the U.S. remains a key country for the growth of leading manufacturers in the chemical industry, and it further benefits from the increasing production of bio-based propylene glycol in the country. (factmr.com)
- Also, the Ethylene Oxide and Ethylene Glycol Sales Market growth in various regions and R&D status are also covered. (beforeitsnews.com)
- The swift growth of the construction industry is likely to bolster the growth of the paints and coatings industry, which in turn is expected to propel the expansion of the global glycol ether market. (htfmarketreport.com)
- This report presents a comprehensive overview, market shares, and growth opportunities of 1,2-Propylene Glycol market by product type, application, key manufacturers and key regions and countries. (decisiondatabases.com)
- In addition, this report discusses the key drivers influencing market growth, opportunities, the challenges and the risks faced by key manufacturers and the market as a whole. (decisiondatabases.com)
- Other significant application of glycol ethers includes adhesives, textiles and cosmetics among others. (sbwire.com)
- This Polyethylene Glycol Adhesive market study provides comprehensive data which enhances the understanding, scope and application of this report. (bioportfolio.com)
- This report categorizes the global market for PAGs on the basis of type, application, and geography. (marketsandmarkets.com)
- The research report includes specific segments by region (country), by company, by Type and by Application. (marketstudyreport.com)
- The report has been segmented into three sections, i.e. on the basis of purity, application and region. (mrrse.com)
- On the basis of application, the propylene glycol market has been segmented into chemical intermediaries, cosmetics and personal care products, consumer goods, food, and pharmaceuticals. (factmr.com)
- The ''Global and Chinese iso-Propyl Glycol (iPG) Industry, 2011-2021 Market Research Report'' is a professional and in-depth study on the current state of the global iso-Propyl Glycol (iPG) industry with a focus on the Chinese market. (reportsnreports.com)
- Overall, the report provides an in-depth insight of 2011-2021 global and Chinese iso-Propyl Glycol (iPG) industry covering all important parameters. (reportsnreports.com)
- Through the statistical analysis, the report depicts the global and Chinese total market of iso-Propyl Glycol (iPG) industry including capacity, production, production value, cost/profit, supply/demand and Chinese import/export. (reportsnreports.com)
- There is huge demand for glycol ethers as coalescing aids and solvent in paint and coatings industry. (sbwire.com)
- In terms of demand, Asia Pacific was the leading region in glycol ethers market in 2013. (sbwire.com)
- China had the highest demand for E-series and P-series glycol ethers in Asia Pacific region. (sbwire.com)
- In 2013, Europe had the third-largest demand for glycol ethers market. (sbwire.com)
- Increasing demand for glycol ethers from electronics and paints & coatings industry has been driving the market for glycol ethers in Europe. (sbwire.com)
- Latin America and the Middle East are expected to show stable demand for glycol ethers in next few years to come. (sbwire.com)
- Demand was healthier for butyl di-glycol (BdG) than for butyl glycol (BG) during the fourth quarter, while EGE demand was mostly constant. (icis.com)
- Tripropylene Glycol Market size will witness huge demand in the coming years owing to the its vast industrial applications as a solvent and additive. (gminsights.com)
- These factors are driving the food & beverage industry which in turn is fueling the tripropylene glycol market demand. (gminsights.com)
- In Asia Pacific region, tripropylene glycol market is said to witness tremendous demand in the coming years owing to vast expansions in the cosmetic, automobile, pharmaceutical, and food & beverages sectors. (gminsights.com)
- Robust demand for polyurethane (PU) foam has been a major factor influencing the polyalkylene glycol (PAG) demand for the past few years. (gminsights.com)
- Availability of DEG will depend on demand for derivatives of the primary product, ethylene glycol, rather than on DEG market requirements. (wikipedia.org)
- The increasing demand for propylene glycol in food processing and pharmaceutical industries are essential factors expected to foster development in the approaching era of the worldwide market for propylene glycol. (factmr.com)
- The analysis also helped the report calculate the degree of competition prevailing in the global Monopropylene Glycol (PG) market. (mynewsdesk.com)
- Next part of the Polyethylene Glycol Adhesives Market analysis report speaks about the manufacturing process. (beforeitsnews.com)
- In this Polyethylene Glycol Adhesives Market analysis, traders and distributors analysis is given along with contact details. (beforeitsnews.com)
- New investment feasibility analysis is included in the report. (beforeitsnews.com)
- Regional and country-level analysis of the Glycol Ethers market, by end-use. (reportsnreports.com)
- The report also covers in-depth description , competitive scenario, wide product portfolio of prime players active in this market and business strategies adopted by competitors along with their SWOT analysis. (openpr.com)
- The report also provides Porter analysis, PESTEL analysis and market attractiveness which helps to better understand the market scenario. (openpr.com)
- 5) The report also provides porters five forces analysis of the market. (sbwire.com)
- The report includes tools such as Porter's five force analysis and market attractiveness analysis. (qyresearchreports.com)
- In the end, the report introduced new project SWOT analysis, investment feasibility analysis, and investment return analysis. (researchmoz.us)
- The report includes rigorous data, in-depth analysis in two ways, namely, quantitative and qualitative, industry professionals' inputs and data given by the industry members and industry analysts involved in the complete value cycle. (ndmcolumns.com)
- The report provide Vendors, Traders and distributors analysis with contact details. (ndmcolumns.com)
- In addition the report has dedicated section covering market forecasts and analysis for leading geographies, profiles of major companies operating in the market and expert opinion obtained from interviews with industry executives and experts from prominent companies. (researchcorridor.com)
- ICIS provides pricing information, news and analysis for all major petrochemical and chemical markets, including Glycol ethers. (icis.com)
- Here you can view your reports and also access other useful services including related news, analysis, historical data and market alerts. (icis.com)
- E-Series, one of the segments analyzed in the report, is projected to grow at a 3.7% CAGR to reach US$2.3 Billion by the end of the analysis period. (yahoo.com)
- Supplementary analysis has been carried out on sorbitol potential as a platform chemical for the production of polyols (ethylene glycols, propylene glycols and glycerols) and isosorbides. (mrrse.com)
- This sorbitol report also includes Porters five forces model and value chain analysis of the market. (mrrse.com)
- We reviewed the key players' product literature, annual reports, press releases and relevant documents for competitive analysis and market understanding. (mrrse.com)
- A complete analysis of the competitive landscape of the Ethylene Oxide and Ethylene Glycol Sales market is provided in the report. (beforeitsnews.com)
- In this Ethylene Oxide and Ethylene Glycol Sales Market report analysis, traders and distributors analysis is given along with contact details. (beforeitsnews.com)
- For complete understanding, the report also provides market segmentation and regional market analysis. (decisiondatabases.com)
- The report also presents the market competition landscape and a corresponding detailed analysis of the major vendor/manufacturers in the market. (decisiondatabases.com)
- The following customization options are available for the report: Regional and country-level analysis of the Ethylene Glycol Butyl Ether market, by end-use. (marketdeeper.com)
- In this analysis, propylene oxide is hydrolyzed to propylene glycol. (intratec.us)
- The last chapter lists all major Malaysian consumers of glycol, as well as provides downstream markets characteristics. (marketpublishers.com)
- ICIS weekly margin reports deliver the detail you need to understand how production costs and prices are affecting margins, enabling you to judge the likely impact on your business and optimise your upstream and downstream business decisions. (icis.com)
- Key Stakeholders Ethylene Glycol Butyl Ether Manufacturers Ethylene Glycol Butyl Ether Distributors/Traders/Wholesalers Ethylene Glycol Butyl Ether Subcomponent Manufacturers Industry Association Downstream Vendors Available Customizations With the given market data, QYResearch offers customizations according to the company's specific needs. (marketdeeper.com)
- The major consumers of polypropylene glycol include the pharmaceutical and food and beverage industry, which account for major share in the market. (sbwire.com)
- The PAGs market has been segmented on the basis of type into polyethylene glycol polypropylene glycol, and others. (marketsandmarkets.com)
- Polyethylene glycols (PEGs) and polypropylene glycols (PPGs) are frequently used in hydraulic fracturing fluids and have been detected in water returning to the surface from hydraulically fractured oil and gas wells in multiple basins. (rsc.org)
- This study investigates the degradation pathways and kinetics of the frequently used ethoxylated surfactants polyethylene glycol and polypropylene glycol under conditions simulating a release to shallow groundwater of produced water from two hydraulically fractured oil and gas wells at varying production times. (rsc.org)
- Present day status of the Polyethylene Glycol Adhesives Market in key regions is stated and industry policies and news are analysed. (beforeitsnews.com)
- The report also covers import/export data across all major regions covered in this report. (openpr.com)
- The top supplying countries or regions are China, South Africa, and Thailand, which supply 95%, 1%, and 1% of propylene glycol manufacturer respectively. (steunmijnclub.nl)
- The Report provides a basic overview of the Polyethylene Glycol Adhesives Market including definitions, classifications, applications and chain structure. (beforeitsnews.com)
- To begin with, the report elaborates the Polyethylene Glycol Adhesives Market overview. (beforeitsnews.com)
- Further in the report, the Polyethylene Glycol Adhesives Market is examined for price, cost and gross. (beforeitsnews.com)
- To provide information on competitive landscape, this report includes detailed profiles of Polyethylene Glycol Adhesives Market key players. (beforeitsnews.com)
- P-series glycol ethers are manufactured from propylene oxides and find applications in cleaners, degreasers, adhesives and aerosol paints among others. (sbwire.com)
- Global Key Dipropylene Glycol Dibenzoate Manufacturers Covered in This Study Table 5. (marketstudyreport.com)
- Manufacturers Dipropylene Glycol Dibenzoate Sales Sites and Area Served Table 11. (marketstudyreport.com)
- Manufacturers Dipropylene Glycol Dibenzoate Product Types Table 12. (marketstudyreport.com)
- Global Dipropylene Glycol Dibenzoate Manufacturers Market Concentration Ratio (CR5 and HHI) Table 13. (marketstudyreport.com)
- Main Points Interviewed from Key Dipropylene Glycol Dibenzoate Players Table 16. (marketstudyreport.com)
- Dipropylene glycol is produced as by-product. (intratec.us)
- Global Dipropylene Glycol Mark. (reporthive.com)
- Global Monopropylene Glycol (PG) Market Research Report : Industry. (mynewsdesk.com)
- It comprises exhaustive information to provide a 360 degree overview of the global Monopropylene Glycol (PG) market. (mynewsdesk.com)
- Besides the financial records of the prominent companies operating in the market, data is sourced from the Monopropylene Glycol (PG) market's historical statistics, insights from industry veterans, and other trusted industries sources. (mynewsdesk.com)
- Apart from segmentation based on various parameters, the global Monopropylene Glycol (PG) market is also classified regionally. (mynewsdesk.com)
- To ensure that the report provides an executive-level blueprint of the global Monopropylene Glycol (PG) market, the profiles of the leading companies operating therein are included. (mynewsdesk.com)