Ovary: The reproductive organ (GONADS) in female animals. In vertebrates, the ovary contains two functional parts: the OVARIAN FOLLICLE for the production of female germ cells (OOGENESIS); and the endocrine cells (GRANULOSA CELLS; THECA CELLS; and LUTEAL CELLS) for the production of ESTROGENS and PROGESTERONE.Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: A complex disorder characterized by infertility, HIRSUTISM; OBESITY; and various menstrual disturbances such as OLIGOMENORRHEA; AMENORRHEA; ANOVULATION. Polycystic ovary syndrome is usually associated with bilateral enlarged ovaries studded with atretic follicles, not with cysts. The term, polycystic ovary, is misleading.Cricetinae: A subfamily in the family MURIDAE, comprising the hamsters. Four of the more common genera are Cricetus, CRICETULUS; MESOCRICETUS; and PHODOPUS.CHO Cells: CELL LINE derived from the ovary of the Chinese hamster, Cricetulus griseus (CRICETULUS). The species is a favorite for cytogenetic studies because of its small chromosome number. The cell line has provided model systems for the study of genetic alterations in cultured mammalian cells.Device Removal: Removal of an implanted therapeutic or prosthetic device.Ovarian Follicle: An OOCYTE-containing structure in the cortex of the OVARY. The oocyte is enclosed by a layer of GRANULOSA CELLS providing a nourishing microenvironment (FOLLICULAR FLUID). The number and size of follicles vary depending on the age and reproductive state of the female. The growing follicles are divided into five stages: primary, secondary, tertiary, Graafian, and atretic. Follicular growth and steroidogenesis depend on the presence of GONADOTROPINS.Cricetulus: A genus of the family Muridae consisting of eleven species. C. migratorius, the grey or Armenian hamster, and C. griseus, the Chinese hamster, are the two species used in biomedical research.Ovulation: The discharge of an OVUM from a rupturing follicle in the OVARY.Granulosa Cells: Supporting cells for the developing female gamete in the OVARY. They are derived from the coelomic epithelial cells of the gonadal ridge. Granulosa cells form a single layer around the OOCYTE in the primordial ovarian follicle and advance to form a multilayered cumulus oophorus surrounding the OVUM in the Graafian follicle. The major functions of granulosa cells include the production of steroids and LH receptors (RECEPTORS, LH).Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Hyperandrogenism: A condition caused by the excessive secretion of ANDROGENS from the ADRENAL CORTEX; the OVARIES; or the TESTES. The clinical significance in males is negligible. In women, the common manifestations are HIRSUTISM and VIRILISM as seen in patients with POLYCYSTIC OVARY SYNDROME and ADRENOCORTICAL HYPERFUNCTION.Ovarian Diseases: Pathological processes of the OVARY.Progesterone: The major progestational steroid that is secreted primarily by the CORPUS LUTEUM and the PLACENTA. Progesterone acts on the UTERUS, the MAMMARY GLANDS and the BRAIN. It is required in EMBRYO IMPLANTATION; PREGNANCY maintenance, and the development of mammary tissue for MILK production. Progesterone, converted from PREGNENOLONE, also serves as an intermediate in the biosynthesis of GONADAL STEROID HORMONES and adrenal CORTICOSTEROIDS.Oogenesis: The process of germ cell development in the female from the primordial germ cells through OOGONIA to the mature haploid ova (OVUM).Follicular Atresia: The degeneration and resorption of an OVARIAN FOLLICLE before it reaches maturity and ruptures.Oocytes: Female germ cells derived from OOGONIA and termed OOCYTES when they enter MEIOSIS. The primary oocytes begin meiosis but are arrested at the diplotene state until OVULATION at PUBERTY to give rise to haploid secondary oocytes or ova (OVUM).Theca Cells: The flattened stroma cells forming a sheath or theca outside the basal lamina lining the mature OVARIAN FOLLICLE. Thecal interstitial or stromal cells are steroidogenic, and produce primarily ANDROGENS which serve as precusors of ESTROGENS in the GRANULOSA CELLS.Follicle Stimulating Hormone: A major gonadotropin secreted by the adenohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, ANTERIOR). Follicle-stimulating hormone stimulates GAMETOGENESIS and the supporting cells such as the ovarian GRANULOSA CELLS, the testicular SERTOLI CELLS, and LEYDIG CELLS. FSH consists of two noncovalently linked subunits, alpha and beta. Within a species, the alpha subunit is common in the three pituitary glycoprotein hormones (TSH, LH, and FSH), but the beta subunit is unique and confers its biological specificity.Gonadotropins, Equine: Gonadotropins secreted by the pituitary or the placenta in horses. This term generally refers to the gonadotropins found in the pregnant mare serum, a rich source of equine CHORIONIC GONADOTROPIN; LUTEINIZING HORMONE; and FOLLICLE STIMULATING HORMONE. Unlike that in humans, the equine LUTEINIZING HORMONE, BETA SUBUNIT is identical to the equine choronic gonadotropin, beta. Equine gonadotropins prepared from pregnant mare serum are used in reproductive studies.Corpus Luteum: The yellow body derived from the ruptured OVARIAN FOLLICLE after OVULATION. The process of corpus luteum formation, LUTEINIZATION, is regulated by LUTEINIZING HORMONE.Ovarian Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the OVARY. These neoplasms can be benign or malignant. They are classified according to the tissue of origin, such as the surface EPITHELIUM, the stromal endocrine cells, and the totipotent GERM CELLS.Luteinizing Hormone: A major gonadotropin secreted by the adenohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, ANTERIOR). Luteinizing hormone regulates steroid production by the interstitial cells of the TESTIS and the OVARY. The preovulatory LUTEINIZING HORMONE surge in females induces OVULATION, and subsequent LUTEINIZATION of the follicle. LUTEINIZING HORMONE consists of two noncovalently linked subunits, alpha and beta. Within a species, the alpha subunit is common in the three pituitary glycoprotein hormones (TSH, LH and FSH), but the beta subunit is unique and confers its biological specificity.Ovarian Cysts: General term for CYSTS and cystic diseases of the OVARY.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Chorionic Gonadotropin: A gonadotropic glycoprotein hormone produced primarily by the PLACENTA. Similar to the pituitary LUTEINIZING HORMONE in structure and function, chorionic gonadotropin is involved in maintaining the CORPUS LUTEUM during pregnancy. CG consists of two noncovalently linked subunits, alpha and beta. Within a species, the alpha subunit is virtually identical to the alpha subunits of the three pituitary glycoprotein hormones (TSH, LH, and FSH), but the beta subunit is unique and confers its biological specificity (CHORIONIC GONADOTROPIN, BETA SUBUNIT, HUMAN).Kinetics: The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.Estradiol: The 17-beta-isomer of estradiol, an aromatized C18 steroid with hydroxyl group at 3-beta- and 17-beta-position. Estradiol-17-beta is the most potent form of mammalian estrogenic steroids.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.RNA, Messenger: RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.Cell Line: Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Estrus: The period in the ESTROUS CYCLE associated with maximum sexual receptivity and fertility in non-primate female mammals.Gonadotropins: Hormones that stimulate gonadal functions such as GAMETOGENESIS and sex steroid hormone production in the OVARY and the TESTIS. Major gonadotropins are glycoproteins produced primarily by the adenohypophysis (GONADOTROPINS, PITUITARY) and the placenta (CHORIONIC GONADOTROPIN). In some species, pituitary PROLACTIN and PLACENTAL LACTOGEN exert some luteotropic activities.Anovulation: Suspension or cessation of OVULATION in animals or humans with follicle-containing ovaries (OVARIAN FOLLICLE). Depending on the etiology, OVULATION may be induced with appropriate therapy.Mutation: Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.Estrous Cycle: The period of cyclic physiological and behavior changes in non-primate female mammals that exhibit ESTRUS. The estrous cycle generally consists of 4 or 5 distinct periods corresponding to the endocrine status (PROESTRUS; ESTRUS; METESTRUS; DIESTRUS; and ANESTRUS).Transfection: The uptake of naked or purified DNA by CELLS, usually meaning the process as it occurs in eukaryotic cells. It is analogous to bacterial transformation (TRANSFORMATION, BACTERIAL) and both are routinely employed in GENE TRANSFER TECHNIQUES.Hair Removal: Methods used to remove unwanted facial and body hair.Recombinant Proteins: Proteins prepared by recombinant DNA technology.Cells, Cultured: Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.Oligomenorrhea: Abnormally infrequent menstruation.Cattle: Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.Testis: The male gonad containing two functional parts: the SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES for the production and transport of male germ cells (SPERMATOGENESIS) and the interstitial compartment containing LEYDIG CELLS that produce ANDROGENS.Androstenedione: A delta-4 C19 steroid that is produced not only in the TESTIS, but also in the OVARY and the ADRENAL CORTEX. Depending on the tissue type, androstenedione can serve as a precursor to TESTOSTERONE as well as ESTRONE and ESTRADIOL.Testosterone: A potent androgenic steroid and major product secreted by the LEYDIG CELLS of the TESTIS. Its production is stimulated by LUTEINIZING HORMONE from the PITUITARY GLAND. In turn, testosterone exerts feedback control of the pituitary LH and FSH secretion. Depending on the tissues, testosterone can be further converted to DIHYDROTESTOSTERONE or ESTRADIOL.Sexual Maturation: Achievement of full sexual capacity in animals and in humans.Uterus: The hollow thick-walled muscular organ in the female PELVIS. It consists of the fundus (the body) which is the site of EMBRYO IMPLANTATION and FETAL DEVELOPMENT. Beyond the isthmus at the perineal end of fundus, is CERVIX UTERI (the neck) opening into VAGINA. Beyond the isthmi at the upper abdominal end of fundus, are the FALLOPIAN TUBES.Granulosa Cell Tumor: A neoplasm composed entirely of GRANULOSA CELLS, occurring mostly in the OVARY. In the adult form, it may contain some THECA CELLS. This tumor often produces ESTRADIOL and INHIBIN. The excess estrogen exposure can lead to other malignancies in women and PRECOCIOUS PUBERTY in girls. In rare cases, granulosa cell tumors have been identified in the TESTES.Immunohistochemistry: Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.Infertility, Female: Diminished or absent ability of a female to achieve conception.Follicular Phase: The period of the MENSTRUAL CYCLE representing follicular growth, increase in ovarian estrogen (ESTROGENS) production, and epithelial proliferation of the ENDOMETRIUM. Follicular phase begins with the onset of MENSTRUATION and ends with OVULATION.Cloning, Molecular: The insertion of recombinant DNA molecules from prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic sources into a replicating vehicle, such as a plasmid or virus vector, and the introduction of the resultant hybrid molecules into recipient cells without altering the viability of those cells.Water Purification: Any of several processes in which undesirable impurities in water are removed or neutralized; for example, chlorination, filtration, primary treatment, ion exchange, and distillation. It includes treatment of WASTE WATER to provide potable and hygienic water in a controlled or closed environment as well as provision of public drinking water supplies.DNA: A deoxyribonucleotide polymer that is the primary genetic material of all cells. Eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms normally contain DNA in a double-stranded state, yet several important biological processes transiently involve single-stranded regions. DNA, which consists of a polysugar-phosphate backbone possessing projections of purines (adenine and guanine) and pyrimidines (thymine and cytosine), forms a double helix that is held together by hydrogen bonds between these purines and pyrimidines (adenine to thymine and guanine to cytosine).Anti-Mullerian Hormone: A glycoprotein that causes regression of MULLERIAN DUCTS. It is produced by SERTOLI CELLS of the TESTES. In the absence of this hormone, the Mullerian ducts develop into structures of the female reproductive tract. In males, defects of this hormone result in persistent Mullerian duct, a form of MALE PSEUDOHERMAPHRODITISM.Fertility: The capacity to conceive or to induce conception. It may refer to either the male or female.Follicular Fluid: The fluid surrounding the OVUM and GRANULOSA CELLS in the Graafian follicle (OVARIAN FOLLICLE). The follicular fluid contains sex steroids, glycoprotein hormones, plasma proteins, mucopolysaccharides, and enzymes.Reproduction: The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)Gene Expression: The phenotypic manifestation of a gene or genes by the processes of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION and GENETIC TRANSLATION.Ovariectomy: The surgical removal of one or both ovaries.Oogonia: Euploid female germ cells of an early stage of OOGENESIS, derived from primordial germ cells during ovarian differentiation. Oogonia undergo MEIOSIS and give rise to haploid OOCYTESCell Membrane: The lipid- and protein-containing, selectively permeable membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.Foreign Bodies: Inanimate objects that become enclosed in the body.Calcium: A basic element found in nearly all organized tissues. It is a member of the alkaline earth family of metals with the atomic symbol Ca, atomic number 20, and atomic weight 40. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body and combines with phosphorus to form calcium phosphate in the bones and teeth. It is essential for the normal functioning of nerves and muscles and plays a role in blood coagulation (as factor IV) and in many enzymatic processes.DNA, Complementary: Single-stranded complementary DNA synthesized from an RNA template by the action of RNA-dependent DNA polymerase. cDNA (i.e., complementary DNA, not circular DNA, not C-DNA) is used in a variety of molecular cloning experiments as well as serving as a specific hybridization probe.Ovum: A mature haploid female germ cell extruded from the OVARY at OVULATION.Swine: Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).Clomiphene: A triphenyl ethylene stilbene derivative which is an estrogen agonist or antagonist depending on the target tissue. Note that ENCLOMIPHENE and ZUCLOMIPHENE are the (E) and (Z) isomers of Clomiphene respectively.Ovulation Induction: Techniques for the artifical induction of ovulation, the rupture of the follicle and release of the ovum.Aromatase: An enzyme that catalyzes the desaturation (aromatization) of the ring A of C19 androgens and converts them to C18 estrogens. In this process, the 19-methyl is removed. This enzyme is membrane-bound, located in the endoplasmic reticulum of estrogen-producing cells of ovaries, placenta, testes, adipose, and brain tissues. Aromatase is encoded by the CYP19 gene, and functions in complex with NADPH-FERRIHEMOPROTEIN REDUCTASE in the cytochrome P-450 system.Androgens: Compounds that interact with ANDROGEN RECEPTORS in target tissues to bring about the effects similar to those of TESTOSTERONE. Depending on the target tissues, androgenic effects can be on SEX DIFFERENTIATION; male reproductive organs, SPERMATOGENESIS; secondary male SEX CHARACTERISTICS; LIBIDO; development of muscle mass, strength, and power.Inhibins: Glycoproteins that inhibit pituitary FOLLICLE STIMULATING HORMONE secretion. Inhibins are secreted by the Sertoli cells of the testes, the granulosa cells of the ovarian follicles, the placenta, and other tissues. Inhibins and ACTIVINS are modulators of FOLLICLE STIMULATING HORMONE secretions; both groups belong to the TGF-beta superfamily, as the TRANSFORMING GROWTH FACTOR BETA. Inhibins consist of a disulfide-linked heterodimer with a unique alpha linked to either a beta A or a beta B subunit to form inhibin A or inhibin B, respectivelySheep: Any of the ruminant mammals with curved horns in the genus Ovis, family Bovidae. They possess lachrymal grooves and interdigital glands, which are absent in GOATS.Dose-Response Relationship, Drug: The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.Rats, Sprague-Dawley: A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.Receptors, FSH: Cell surface proteins that bind FOLLICLE STIMULATING HORMONE with high affinity and trigger intracellular changes influencing the behavior of cells.Protein Binding: The process in which substances, either endogenous or exogenous, bind to proteins, peptides, enzymes, protein precursors, or allied compounds. Specific protein-binding measures are often used as assays in diagnostic assessments.Metformin: A biguanide hypoglycemic agent used in the treatment of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus not responding to dietary modification. Metformin improves glycemic control by improving insulin sensitivity and decreasing intestinal absorption of glucose. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p289)Gonads: The gamete-producing glands, OVARY or TESTIS.Glycosylation: The chemical or biochemical addition of carbohydrate or glycosyl groups to other chemicals, especially peptides or proteins. Glycosyl transferases are used in this biochemical reaction.Rabbits: The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.Cryopreservation: Preservation of cells, tissues, organs, or embryos by freezing. In histological preparations, cryopreservation or cryofixation is used to maintain the existing form, structure, and chemical composition of all the constituent elements of the specimens.Hydrogen-Ion Concentration: The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)In Situ Hybridization: A technique that localizes specific nucleic acid sequences within intact chromosomes, eukaryotic cells, or bacterial cells through the use of specific nucleic acid-labeled probes.Vitellogenesis: The active production and accumulation of VITELLINS (egg yolk proteins) in the non-mammalian OOCYTES from circulating precursors, VITELLOGENINS. Vitellogenesis usually begins after the first MEIOSIS and is regulated by estrogenic hormones.Rats, Inbred Strains: Genetically identical individuals developed from brother and sister matings which have been carried out for twenty or more generations or by parent x offspring matings carried out with certain restrictions. This also includes animals with a long history of closed colony breeding.Drug Resistance: Diminished or failed response of an organism, disease or tissue to the intended effectiveness of a chemical or drug. It should be differentiated from DRUG TOLERANCE which is the progressive diminution of the susceptibility of a human or animal to the effects of a drug, as a result of continued administration.Gene Expression Regulation: Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control (induction or repression) of gene action at the level of transcription or translation.Primary Ovarian Insufficiency: Cessation of ovarian function after MENARCHE but before the age of 40, without or with OVARIAN FOLLICLE depletion. It is characterized by the presence of OLIGOMENORRHEA or AMENORRHEA, elevated GONADOTROPINS, and low ESTRADIOL levels. It is a state of female HYPERGONADOTROPIC HYPOGONADISM. Etiologies include genetic defects, autoimmune processes, chemotherapy, radiation, and infections.Fertility Agents, Female: Compounds which increase the capacity to conceive in females.Germ Cells: The reproductive cells in multicellular organisms at various stages during GAMETOGENESIS.Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction: A variation of the PCR technique in which cDNA is made from RNA via reverse transcription. The resultant cDNA is then amplified using standard PCR protocols.Testicular Hormones: Hormones produced in the testis.Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone: A decapeptide that stimulates the synthesis and secretion of both pituitary gonadotropins, LUTEINIZING HORMONE and FOLLICLE STIMULATING HORMONE. GnRH is produced by neurons in the septum PREOPTIC AREA of the HYPOTHALAMUS and released into the pituitary portal blood, leading to stimulation of GONADOTROPHS in the ANTERIOR PITUITARY GLAND.Signal Transduction: The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.Fertilization in Vitro: An assisted reproductive technique that includes the direct handling and manipulation of oocytes and sperm to achieve fertilization in vitro.Cyclohexenes: Six-carbon alicyclic hydrocarbons which contain one or more double bonds in the ring. The cyclohexadienes are not aromatic, in contrast to BENZOQUINONES which are sometimes called 2,5-cyclohexadiene-1,4-diones.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Biological Transport: The movement of materials (including biochemical substances and drugs) through a biological system at the cellular level. The transport can be across cell membranes and epithelial layers. It also can occur within intracellular compartments and extracellular compartments.Sequence Homology, Amino Acid: The degree of similarity between sequences of amino acids. This information is useful for the analyzing genetic relatedness of proteins and species.Cell Survival: The span of viability of a cell characterized by the capacity to perform certain functions such as metabolism, growth, reproduction, some form of responsiveness, and adaptability.Blotting, Western: Identification of proteins or peptides that have been electrophoretically separated by blot transferring from the electrophoresis gel to strips of nitrocellulose paper, followed by labeling with antibody probes.Steroids: A group of polycyclic compounds closely related biochemically to TERPENES. They include cholesterol, numerous hormones, precursors of certain vitamins, bile acids, alcohols (STEROLS), and certain natural drugs and poisons. Steroids have a common nucleus, a fused, reduced 17-carbon atom ring system, cyclopentanoperhydrophenanthrene. Most steroids also have two methyl groups and an aliphatic side-chain attached to the nucleus. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed)Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel: Electrophoresis in which a polyacrylamide gel is used as the diffusion medium.Binding Sites: The parts of a macromolecule that directly participate in its specific combination with another molecule.Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental: Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action during the developmental stages of an organism.Luteal Cells: PROGESTERONE-producing cells in the CORPUS LUTEUM. The large luteal cells derive from the GRANULOSA CELLS. The small luteal cells derive from the THECA CELLS.Genitalia, Female: The female reproductive organs. The external organs include the VULVA; BARTHOLIN'S GLANDS; and CLITORIS. The internal organs include the VAGINA; UTERUS; OVARY; and FALLOPIAN TUBES.Glycoproteins: Conjugated protein-carbohydrate compounds including mucins, mucoid, and amyloid glycoproteins.Superovulation: Occurrence or induction of release of more ova than are normally released at the same time in a given species. The term applies to both animals and humans.Hormones: Chemical substances having a specific regulatory effect on the activity of a certain organ or organs. The term was originally applied to substances secreted by various ENDOCRINE GLANDS and transported in the bloodstream to the target organs. It is sometimes extended to include those substances that are not produced by the endocrine glands but that have similar effects.Waste Disposal, Fluid: The discarding or destroying of liquid waste products or their transformation into something useful or innocuous.Microscopy, Electron: Microscopy using an electron beam, instead of light, to visualize the sample, thereby allowing much greater magnification. The interactions of ELECTRONS with specimens are used to provide information about the fine structure of that specimen. In TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY the reactions of the electrons that are transmitted through the specimen are imaged. In SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY an electron beam falls at a non-normal angle on the specimen and the image is derived from the reactions occurring above the plane of the specimen.Blotting, Northern: Detection of RNA that has been electrophoretically separated and immobilized by blotting on nitrocellulose or other type of paper or nylon membrane followed by hybridization with labeled NUCLEIC ACID PROBES.Sex Differentiation: The process in developing sex- or gender-specific tissue, organ, or function after SEX DETERMINATION PROCESSES have set the sex of the GONADS. Major areas of sex differentiation occur in the reproductive tract (GENITALIA) and the brain.DNA Repair: The reconstruction of a continuous two-stranded DNA molecule without mismatch from a molecule which contained damaged regions. The major repair mechanisms are excision repair, in which defective regions in one strand are excised and resynthesized using the complementary base pairing information in the intact strand; photoreactivation repair, in which the lethal and mutagenic effects of ultraviolet light are eliminated; and post-replication repair, in which the primary lesions are not repaired, but the gaps in one daughter duplex are filled in by incorporation of portions of the other (undamaged) daughter duplex. Excision repair and post-replication repair are sometimes referred to as "dark repair" because they do not require light.DNA Primers: Short sequences (generally about 10 base pairs) of DNA that are complementary to sequences of messenger RNA and allow reverse transcriptases to start copying the adjacent sequences of mRNA. Primers are used extensively in genetic and molecular biology techniques.Vinyl CompoundsFallopian Tubes: A pair of highly specialized muscular canals extending from the UTERUS to its corresponding OVARY. They provide the means for OVUM collection, and the site for the final maturation of gametes and FERTILIZATION. The fallopian tube consists of an interstitium, an isthmus, an ampulla, an infundibulum, and fimbriae. Its wall consists of three histologic layers: serous, muscular, and an internal mucosal layer lined with both ciliated and secretory cells.
"Oophorectomy (ovary removal surgery) - Risks". Mayoclinic.org. Retrieved 16 September 2017.. *^ "Oophorectomy Risks". News- ...
Surgical induction of menopause by removal of ovaries. Removal of infected tubes. Drainage of pelvic abscess. First ... During this time, his work included: First removal of an organ (ovary) (oophorectomy) for pain. Observation of association of ...
... removal a surgical video Emedicine overview This article incorporates public domain material from the U.S. ... Other masses include endometriomas, polycystic ovaries, and benign neoplasms. In postmenopausal women, adnexal masses may be ... Removal is sometimes referred to as "adnexectomy". "Adnexal Mass". onlinemeded.org. Retrieved 2015-05-27. Roman LD, Muderspach ... polycystic ovaries, and tubo-ovarian abscess. In females of reproductive age, adnexal masses can be physiologic or complex ...
Hysterectomy is the removal of the uterus. Bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (BSO) is the removal of both ovaries and fallopian ... removal of the ovaries). While the rates of endometrial and cervical cancer are overall higher than ovarian cancer, and these ... removal of the breasts) and chest contouring (providing a more typically male chest shape), and hysterectomy (the removal of ... Many trans men seek bilateral mastectomy, also called "top surgery", the removal of the breasts and the shaping of a male ...
The removal of a thoracic sclerite in Diacamma ants inhibits ovary development; the only reproductive individual of this ... In some species, suppression of ovary development is not totally achieved in the worker caste, which opens the possibility of ... Additionally, the more dominant foundress tended to show an increased number of oocytes contained within her ovaries. It was ... Research has shown that removal of the queen from the colony allows the reestablishment of reproductive function in sub- ...
Removal of the uterus renders the patient unable to bear children (as does removal of ovaries and fallopian tubes) and has ... Removal of one or both ovaries is performed in a substantial number of hysterectomies that were intended to be ovary sparing. ... Hysterectomy is the surgical removal of the uterus. It may also involve removal of the cervix, ovaries, fallopian tubes and ... Removal of the uterus without removing the ovaries can produce a situation that on rare occasions can result in ectopic ...
Eyestalk ablation is the removal of one or both eyestalks from a crustacean. It is routinely practiced on female prawns in ... The aim of ablation is to stimulate the female shrimp to develop mature ovaries and spawn. In Macrobrachium americanum, prawns ... Any procedures whereby the abdomen is separated from the thorax The removal of tissue, flesh, or limbs while the crustacean is ...
In medicine, salpingoophorectomy is the removal of an ovary and its fallopian tube. This spelling: "salpingoophorectomy," is a ...
The release of an oocyte does not alternate between the two ovaries and seems to be random. After removal of an ovary, the ... An operation that combines the removal of a Fallopian tube with removal of at least one ovary is a salpingo-oophorectomy. An ... The surgical removal of a Fallopian tube is called a salpingectomy. To remove both tubes is a bilateral salpingectomy. ... In a woman's body the tube allows passage of the egg from the ovary to the uterus. Its different segments are (lateral to ...
Schauta's operation: Surgical removal of the uterus and the adnexa (ovaries and oviducts). Schauta-Stoeckel operation: Vaginal ... Schauta is remembered for introducing an operation for uterine cancer in which the uterus and ovaries are removed by way of the ...
In older women, treatment is total abdominal hysterectomy and removal of both ovaries. In young girls, fertility sparing ... It has been reported to occur in the ovary usually, rarely in the testis. Due to its rarity, the malignant potential of this ... Sex cord Stroma of ovary Sajadi, Kamran P.; Dalton, Rory R.; Brown, James A. (2009). "Sex Cord-Gonadal Stromal Tumor of the ... This tumour produces granulosa cells, which normally are found in the ovary. It is malignant in 20% of women diagnosed with it ...
Removal of healthy ovaries is also associated with negative health effects due to oestrogen deficiency, leaving the ovaries ... This study looks at the removal of the fimbrae structures of the ovaries. Results for this study are expected in October 2017. ... As a preventative surgery however, it involves the removal of the fallopian tubes. By not removing the ovaries this procedure ... It also reduces risks such as cardiovascular disease and osteoporosis which are associated with removal of the ovaries. In 2013 ...
The exception to this is the removal of the corpus luteum from the ovary. This can cause fluctuations in the hormones necessary ... Treatment can include surgical removal of the tissue with vacuum aspiration or misoprostol. Studies looking at the methods of ... Boomsma CM, Fauser BC, Macklon NS (January 2008). "Pregnancy complications in women with polycystic ovary syndrome". Seminars ... Lilja AE, Mathiesen ER (2006). "Polycystic ovary syndrome and metformin in pregnancy". Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica ...
In males this usually includes also the removal of the prostate and in females; ovaries, uterus and parts of the vagina. In ... Surgical options may include transurethral resection, partial or complete removal of the bladder, or urinary diversion. Typical ... uses an electric current to enhance drug absorption after surgical removal of the tumor. Another technology, thermotherapy, ...
Removal of surrounding the vaginal tissue from the obturator foramen to the pelvic floor. The ovaries and fallopian tubes are ... the total removal of the uterus and the ligaments that hold it in place in the pelvis Lymphadenectomy with removal of the ... In 1898, Ernst Wertheim, a Viennese physician, developed the radical total hysterectomy with removal of the pelvic lymph nodes ... In In 1944, Meigs repopularized the surgical approach when he developed a modified Wertheim operation with removal of all ...
... is the surgical removal of an ovary or ovaries. The surgery is also called ovariectomy, but this term has been traditionally ... used in basic science research to describe the surgical removal of ovaries in laboratory animals. Removal of the ovaries in ... removal of the uterus). The removal of an ovary together with the Fallopian tube is called salpingo-oophorectomy or unilateral ... in which the Fallopian tubes are blocked but the ovaries remain intact. In many cases, surgical removal of the ovaries is ...
Hysterectomy (surgical removal of the uterus) can also be offered to patients > 40 years of age or those for whom sterilisation ... The same is true of choriocarcinoma arising in the ovary. Testicular choriocarcinoma has the worst prognosis of all germ-cell ... Choriocarcinomas can also occur in the ovaries. Characteristic feature is the identification of intimately related ... It is also classified as a germ cell tumor and may arise in the testis or ovary. increased quantitative chorionic gonadotropin ...
... ovaries are left. Traditional spaying (removal of uterus and ovaries) is performed commonly on household pets (such as cats and ... Early-age neutering, also known as pediatric spaying or prepubertal gonadectomy, is the removal of the ovaries or testes before ... There is a ligament that attaches the ovaries to the body wall, which may need to be broken down so the ovaries can be ... The surgeon finds the ovary with the instrument and uses it to suspend the ovary from a needle placed through the abdominal ...
The aim of ablation under these circumstances is to stimulate the female shrimp to develop mature ovaries and spawn.[15] ... Eyestalk ablation is the removal of one (unilateral) or both (bilateral) eyestalks from a crustacean. It is routinely practiced ... Even in conditions where a given species will develop ovaries and spawn in captivity, use of eyestalk ablation increases total ... Most captive conditions for shrimp cause inhibitions in females that prevent them from developing mature ovaries. ...
The artificial ovary will be used for the purpose of in vitro maturation of immature oocytes and the development of a system to ... Similar to ECMO, Extracorporeal CO2 Removal (ECCO2R) has a similar set-up, but mainly benefits the patient through carbon ... An artificial human ovary has been developed at Brown University with self-assembled microtissues created using novel 3-D petri ... Krotz S, Robins J, Moore R, Steinhoff MM, Morgan J, Carson S. Model Artificial Human Ovary by Pre-Fabricated Cellular Self- ...
Term "Adnexectomy" in Gynaecology is often used for Salpingo-Oophorectomy (removal of both: fallopian tubes and ovaries). Ovary ... They can be defined in slightly different ways: Some sources define the adnexa as the fallopian tubes and ovaries. Others ... ovaries, and ligaments (without specifying precisely which ligaments are included). The term "adnexitis" is sometimes used to ...
Complications of TOA are related to the possible removal of one or both ovaries and fallopian tubes. Without these reproductive ... It is an inflammatory mass involving the fallopian tube, ovary and, occasionally, other adjacent pelvic organs. A TOA can also ... If surgery becomes necessary, pre-operative administration of broad-spectrum antibiotics is started and removal of the abscess ... the affected ovary and fallopian tube is done. After discharge from the hospital, oral antibiotics are continued for the length ...
The removal of a thoracic sclerite in Diacamma ants inhibits ovary development; the only reproductive individual of this ... In the honey bee Apis mellifera, pheromone produced by the queen mandibular glands is responsible for inhibiting ovary ... In some species, suppression of ovary development is not totally achieved in the worker caste, which opens the possibility of ... Additionally, the more dominant foundress tended to show an increased number of oocytes contained within her ovaries. It was ...
The term encompasses premature menopause due to any cause, including surgical removal of the ovaries for any reason. Early ... Poor ovarian reserve is a condition of low fertility characterized by 1): low numbers of remaining oocytes in the ovaries or 2 ... This is supported by at least one study in which transplantation of ovaries from old rats to young ovariectomized rats resulted ... The above table closely matches Broekmans' data only if interpreted as the total AFC of both ovaries. Only antral follicles ...
Removal of the uterus without removal of the ovaries does not directly cause menopause, although pelvic surgery of this type ... and the surgical removal of the ovaries, with or without the removal of the uterus. Rates of premature menopause have been ... removal of ovaries), which is often, but not always, done in conjunction with removal of the Fallopian tubes (salpingo- ... Cessation of menses as a result of removal of the ovaries is called "surgical menopause". The sudden and complete drop in ...
... this surgery involves removal of the tumor via transsphenoidal surgery (TSS).[12] There are two possible options for access to ... polycystic ovary syndrome, familial glucocorticoid resistance, and hyperthyroidism.[9] ...
Prophylactic ovary removal is permanent and irreversible.. *Women who undergo prophylactic ovary removal can no longer have ... Home → Treatment and Side Effects → Surgery → Prophylactic Ovary Removal → Risks of Prophylactic Ovary Removal ... Prophylactic ovary removal may have other long-term risks yet to be discovered. Doctors do not fully understand how the loss of ... After ovary removal, some women experience depression or anxiety about their loss of fertility. Women may have other side ...
Ovary shutdown can cause intense menopausal symptoms, as ovary removal does - but it is reversible. Once the medication is ... Removing the ovaries and fallopian tubes is the only proven strategy for significantly reducing ovarian cancer risk. For many ... Temporary ovarian shutdown: Some women take medication that temporarily shuts down the ovaries production of estrogen. This is ... In the past, low-dose radiation therapy was used to permanently stop estrogen production by the ovaries, but this practice ...
Women who had their ovaries removed at an earlier age were more likely to experience a decline in memory function, according to ... It involves the removal of one or both ovaries (an oophorectomy), often in combination with a hysterectomy, the removal of a ... cancer of the uterus and ovaries, and abnormal vaginal bleeding. When the ovaries are gone, ovarian production of estrogen ... Women who had their ovaries removed at an earlier age were more likely to experience a decline in memory function, according to ...
major depression after ovary removal. Please can someone let me know if thay have been diagnosed with a major clinical ...
Treatments and Tools for Ovary Removal. Find Ovary Removal information, treatments for Ovary Removal and Ovary Removal symptoms ... MedHelps Ovary Removal Center for Information, Symptoms, Resources, ... 13cm Dermoid cyst removal, including left ovary : what do I do now? - Ovarian Cysts Community ... feeling pain and a very down after ovary removal and fallopian tube - Womens Health Community ...
... discomfort I was having after my ovaries removed on 12/16 for a 10.5 cm cyst. (had hysterectomy in 1999) I went for a follow-up ... Recurrent Perintoneal Cysts after ovary removal MrsT I posted back in Jan about some abdominal swelling &discomfort I was ... I am 52 and had the full hysterectomy and removal of both ovaries in Feb. 2005. I am wondering whether I am being paranoid or ... First UltraSound thought it was a 4 cm cyst on right ovary, but that was followed by CT that said both ovaries were normal, the ...
Philip J. DiSaia of tearing out the ovaries of women over 35 years of age if there is a history ... Routine removal of ovaries is questioned by new research. April 21, 2009 ... Philip J. DiSaia of tearing out the ovaries of women over 35 years of age if there is a history of ovarian cancer in their ... Nothing replaces the role of ones natural ovaries. Endocrinologists are just finding out the role natural hormones play in the ...
Hysterectomy is the surgical removal of the uterus. Most experts believe the risk for uterine cancer in women with BRCA ... For that reason, the removal of the uterus with a risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy is not universally recommended for BRCA ... However, some considerations may impact the decision to remove the uterus with the ovaries and fallopian tubes. The issue is ... The fallopian tubes connect the uterus to the ovaries and are attached to both organs. Although gynecologic oncologists remove ...
A woman who has a hysterectomy which includes the removal of the ovaries has a reduced risk of developing ovarian cancer, and ... An oophorectomy or ovariectomy is the surgical removal of one or both ovaries.. Their findings went against the Nurses Health ... "Hysterectomy Including Ovary Removal Lowers Ovarian Cancer Risk - Does Not Raise Other Risks." Medical News Today. MediLexicon ... A woman who has a hysterectomy which includes the removal of the ovaries has a reduced risk of developing ovarian cancer, and ...
Elective removal of an ovary for fibroids or other causes increases a womans risk of dementia later in life, a Mayo ... SAN DIEGO - Elective removal of an ovary for fibroids or other causes increases a womans risk of dementia later in life, ... For example, about 15% of women who did not have their ovaries removed were showing signs of dementia at age 85 in the cohort, ... Even though women with both ovaries removed are given hormone replacement therapy, Dr. Rocca said, its often not given for ...
Women opt for the surgical procedure to remove their ovaries to reduce the risk of cancer, or as a result of reproductive organ ... Oophorectomy: How Ovary Removal Affects The Body. May 30, 2018 08:06 AM By Medical Daily Staff ... The surgical removal of both ovaries will cause immediate menopause. As a result, women may abruptly experience the typical ... The removal of ovaries causes sterility, with doctors advising those who want to have biological children to consider ...
Ovary removal reduced cancer risk by 80 percent.. Interestingly, removing the ovaries can reduce the risk of breast cancer as ... Ovary removal aids women at high risk of cancer. A new study shows just how effective the surgery is, but raises the question ... Waiting until age 40 for ovary removal, as many women with BRCA1 do today, makes a very small difference, stressed Dr. Claudine ... Many women have babies during their late 30s, and ovary removal sends women into early menopause that can increase their risk ...
Removal of the ovaries (bilateral oophorectomy) while performing a hysterectomy is common practice to prevent the subsequent ... He concludes that, on balance, removal of the ovaries is not generally warranted for all women undergoing hysterectomy. In ... Philadelphia, PA, March 9, 2010 - Removal of the ovaries (bilateral oophorectomy) while performing a hysterectomy is common ... Postmenopausal ovaries continue to produce significant amounts of the androgens testosterone and androstenedione, which are ...
... had her ovaries and uterus removed six months after giving birth. Heres why. ... Oddly enough, the actual removal of Lindsays ovaries and uterus was the simplest part of her marathon journey to reduce her ... I Had My Ovaries And Uterus Removed 6 Months After Giving Birth. Inside one womans decade-long battle against the BRCA1 gene ... "For the past few years…its been like, have a baby, have another baby, lose the baby weight, and now get your ovaries out, and ...
Angelina Jolie underwent the removal of her ovaries and fallopian tubes last week after receiving news that she could be ... Angelina Jolie underwent the removal of her ovaries and fallopian tubes last week after receiving news that she could be ... Angelina Jolie Reveals Decision to Undergo the Removal of Her Ovaries in Touching Op-Ed. ... Angelina Jolie Reveals Decision to Undergo the Removal of Her Ovaries in Touching Op-Ed ...
An oophorectomy is the surgical removal of the ovaries. It is often performed as part of a hysterectomy, but may be done alone ... An oophorectomy is the surgical removal of the ovaries. It is often performed as part of a hysterectomy, but may be carried out ... The surgeon will make an incision in your lower abdomen in order to access your ovaries. Each ovary will be separated from the ... For some conditions, only one ovary needs to be removed. The remaining ovary may allow you to continue having periods and ...
Big decision - cyst removal, ovary removal, or hysterectomy. By bbybeth April 20, 2013 - 10:27pm ... This Big decision - cyst removal, ovary removal, or hysterectomy page on EmpowHER Womens Health works best with javascript ... or at least removal of this cyst-producing ovary. Im scared of going that drastic with all the possible errors that could ... I have a large cyst on my left ovary with a solid component, which my ob/gyn believes is a dermoid. Ive had a dermoid cyst on ...
Despite concerns that removing both of a womans ovaries would raise her chances of dying from diseases associated with aging, ... Over the past decade, a number of studies have produced conflicting answers to the question of whether ovary removal abruptly ... Jacoby told Reuters Health that studying an association between the removal of ovaries and death from heart disease or cancer ... who has published research linking ovary removal and increased risk of death said he notices younger doctors are more willing ...
Does ovary removal impact sexual function in older women?. Tips to revitalize sex life after 50 with traditional Chinese ... This study did not clarify whether the women who did not carry the BRCA mutations underwent removal of their ovaries solely to ... These women may have had other gynecologic conditions that required a hysterectomy; thus, removal of the ovaries at the time of ... Some of these women undergo removal of their ovaries and fallopian tubes (salpingo-ophorectomy) to reduce the risk of ovarian ...
Pre-menopausal women who have both ovaries removed are more likely to die of all causes unless they receive additional ... Pre-menopausal women who have both ovaries removed are more likely to die of all causes unless they receive additional ...
Ovary Removal Helps High-Risk Women Says Study. Surgery to remove healthy ovaries gives a triple benefit to high-risk women: It ... The women who chose ovary removal had impressive results:. -1 percent were later diagnosed with ovarian cancer that showed up ... The results offer more tailored evidence for women considering ovary removal, a surgery that ends fertility, fast-forwards them ... Rudnicks glad to hear ovary removal may reduce her risk of breast cancer as well as ovarian cancer. ...
Ovary,removal,may,increase,lung,cancer,risk,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical ... Ovary Removal Lowers Odds of Cancer in High-Risk Women. 5. Ovary Removal May Not Be Needed in Endometrial Cancer. 6. Physician ... Ovary Removal Protects Some High-Risk Women 2. Recurrent low-grade carcinoma of the ovary less responsive to chemo than more ... First colonoscopy with removal of polyps linked to reduction in colon cancer death. 10. oh2 Medical Spa and Vein Removal Center ...
Ovary removal may increase risk of chronic kidney disease. ROCHESTER, Minn. -- Premenopausal women who have their ovaries ... we recommend against the removal of the ovaries as a preventive option due to the increased risk of diseases, including chronic ... who had their ovaries surgically removed prior to 50 to an equal number of women of similar ages who did not have their ovaries ... Mayo Clinic researchers found that women who had their ovaries removed had a 6.6 percent higher risk of developing chronic ...
ovary removal. Hi all, after a couple of ruptured ovarian cysts, both of which resulted in emergency hospital and loads of ... The removal of mommy parts....(Gary and the other men may wanna sit this one out).. Jen415. General chatter. 13. 05-27-2009 ... Laser Hair Removal livelaughlovesunshin. Looking Good, Feeling Great. 16. 04-09-2013 10:14 PM. ... He also said that my right ovary should work better now ( but I suspect he was saying that to comfort me). Has anyone been ...
Women who are victims of abuse may be at increased risk for unnecessary ovary removal, a new study suggests. ... The researchers discourage surgeons from offering ovary removal as a preventive option for women who do not have cancer or gene ... Women who are victims of abuse may be at increased risk for unnecessary ovary removal, a new study suggests. ... The researchers compared 128 women under age 46 in Minnesota who had had their ovaries removed with women who did not have the ...
  • Until doctors know more about how ovary removal in younger women affects long-term health, each woman needs to work with her own doctor to weigh the risks and benefits of this procedure. (breastcancer.org)
  • It is with complete and total disbelief that I read about the abominable procedure encouraged by Dr. Philip J. DiSaia of tearing out the ovaries of women over 35 years of age if there is a history of ovarian cancer in their immediate family ("When TV and Life Part Company," Feb. 27). (latimes.com)
  • NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Despite concerns that removing both of a woman's ovaries would raise her chances of dying from diseases associated with aging, a large new study suggests the procedure may be safe. (lifescript.com)
  • Looking at data on more than 130,000 California teachers, researchers found that women who were 45 years old or older when they had both ovaries removed had a slightly lower chance of dying over the length of the study than peers who didn't have the procedure. (lifescript.com)
  • Dr. William Parker of the John Wayne Cancer Institute at Saint John's Health Center in Santa Monica, California, who has published research linking ovary removal and increased risk of death said he notices younger doctors are more willing to accept that there might be a higher risk associated with the procedure than older doctors. (lifescript.com)
  • The researchers compared 128 women under age 46 in Minnesota who had had their ovaries removed with women who did not have the procedure. (tucson.com)
  • In the first publication from the U.S. on surgical techniques and outcomes of single ovary removal for fertility preservation in girls, surgeons from Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago report that the procedure caused no complications and can be performed laparoscopically, on an outpatient basis, without delaying treatment for cancer or other therapies posing high risk of infertility. (luriechildrens.org)
  • A laproscopic procedure where adhesions, lesions or cysts are removed from the walls of one or both Ovaries. (surgerycenterok.com)
  • Understanding the process of ovary removal and its impact on your fertility may make undergoing this procedure less stressful. (drjohnzhang.com)
  • In a number of instances it is unclear from the surgical procedure code whether one or both ovaries were removed or if they were preserved. (obermair.info)
  • 10/3/2016 - For many years it's been standard operating procedure for dentists to recommend the surgical removal of wisdom teeth - even when there is no pain or symptoms. (naturalnews.com)
  • If your doctor performs an open procedure to remove your ovaries, you can expect to stay in the hospital longer than if you have a laparoscopic or robot-assisted operation. (webmd.com)
  • Also, in some cases, you doctor may begin to remove your ovaries using a laparoscopic technique, but once she sees what is happening inside, may have to change to an open procedure to treat your condition. (webmd.com)
  • But removal of your ovaries is usually considered a safe procedure. (webmd.com)
  • These results highlight the need for physicians to discuss the potential increased risk for chronic kidney disease with women considering having their ovaries removed, according to Dr. Rocca. (sciencecodex.com)
  • Though the study did not prove cause and effect, women considering having their ovaries removed should be aware of this potentially serious risk, particularly if they aren't at high risk for ovarian and breast cancer, the researchers added. (us.com)
  • THURSDAY, June 8, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Women who are victims of abuse may be at increased risk for unnecessary ovary removal, a new study suggests. (tucson.com)
  • Women who have their ovaries surgically removed have an increased long-term risk of chronic kidney disease," says Walter Rocca, M.D., a Mayo Clinic neurologist and epidemiologist, and senior author. (sciencecodex.com)
  • This is one of the largest national studies, to my knowledge, that highlights the difference in bone-mineral density in women who have their ovaries removed at a young age. (jhu.edu)
  • Among the 600,000 American women who have hysterectomies (click for more research) each year, thousands may die prematurely of heart disease because doctors removed their ovaries along with their wombs, a new study suggests. (athenainstitute.com)
  • But the study, which is being published today in the journal Obstetrics & Gynecology, suggests that women and their doctors should be less reflexive about removing the ovaries during a hysterectomy and more aware of the benefits that ovaries continue to provide well into middle age. (athenainstitute.com)
  • Even though the name suggests that the ovaries are central to disease pathology, cysts are a symptom instead of the cause of the disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • After ovary removal, some women experience depression or anxiety about their loss of fertility. (breastcancer.org)
  • One ovary is enough to avoid changes in fertility potential and hormonal function," said Dr. Matthew T. Siedhoff, a gynecologic surgeon at Cedars-Sinai in Los Angeles. (medicaldaily.com)
  • I am now 34, single and extremely worried about losing the other ovary, the cysts returning and fertility limitations. (alternativesurgery.com)
  • We describe the unique technical nuances of removing a tiny ovary without damaging it, since it needs to be preserved in the purest form for future transplantation when the patient is ready to pursue pregnancy," says lead author Erin Rowell, MD , Director of the Fertility and Hormone Preservation and Restoration Program at Lurie Children's and Associate Professor of Surgery at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine. (luriechildrens.org)
  • If fertility issues exist, a woman with one ovary can receive treatment just like any other woman. (drjohnzhang.com)
  • So, if you are suffering from any problem that requires the removal of your uterus, then Mathrutva Fertility Hospitals are the best place to rely on. (mathrutva.in)
  • McCarthy found that women who had both ovaries removed before age 45 had on average 3 percent lower bone mineral density than women with intact ovaries. (jhu.edu)
  • But we found no evidence that factors which may influence a pet owner's decision on age at ovary removal â€" for example, earlier ovariectomy in dogs with substandard conformation or delayed ovariectomy to obtain more offspring in daughters of long-lived mothers â€" could adequately account for the strong association. (webcanine.com)