Ovary: The reproductive organ (GONADS) in female animals. In vertebrates, the ovary contains two functional parts: the OVARIAN FOLLICLE for the production of female germ cells (OOGENESIS); and the endocrine cells (GRANULOSA CELLS; THECA CELLS; and LUTEAL CELLS) for the production of ESTROGENS and PROGESTERONE.Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: A complex disorder characterized by infertility, HIRSUTISM; OBESITY; and various menstrual disturbances such as OLIGOMENORRHEA; AMENORRHEA; ANOVULATION. Polycystic ovary syndrome is usually associated with bilateral enlarged ovaries studded with atretic follicles, not with cysts. The term, polycystic ovary, is misleading.Cricetinae: A subfamily in the family MURIDAE, comprising the hamsters. Four of the more common genera are Cricetus, CRICETULUS; MESOCRICETUS; and PHODOPUS.CHO Cells: CELL LINE derived from the ovary of the Chinese hamster, Cricetulus griseus (CRICETULUS). The species is a favorite for cytogenetic studies because of its small chromosome number. The cell line has provided model systems for the study of genetic alterations in cultured mammalian cells.Device Removal: Removal of an implanted therapeutic or prosthetic device.Ovarian Follicle: An OOCYTE-containing structure in the cortex of the OVARY. The oocyte is enclosed by a layer of GRANULOSA CELLS providing a nourishing microenvironment (FOLLICULAR FLUID). The number and size of follicles vary depending on the age and reproductive state of the female. The growing follicles are divided into five stages: primary, secondary, tertiary, Graafian, and atretic. Follicular growth and steroidogenesis depend on the presence of GONADOTROPINS.Cricetulus: A genus of the family Muridae consisting of eleven species. C. migratorius, the grey or Armenian hamster, and C. griseus, the Chinese hamster, are the two species used in biomedical research.Ovulation: The discharge of an OVUM from a rupturing follicle in the OVARY.Granulosa Cells: Supporting cells for the developing female gamete in the OVARY. They are derived from the coelomic epithelial cells of the gonadal ridge. Granulosa cells form a single layer around the OOCYTE in the primordial ovarian follicle and advance to form a multilayered cumulus oophorus surrounding the OVUM in the Graafian follicle. The major functions of granulosa cells include the production of steroids and LH receptors (RECEPTORS, LH).Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Hyperandrogenism: A condition caused by the excessive secretion of ANDROGENS from the ADRENAL CORTEX; the OVARIES; or the TESTES. The clinical significance in males is negligible. In women, the common manifestations are HIRSUTISM and VIRILISM as seen in patients with POLYCYSTIC OVARY SYNDROME and ADRENOCORTICAL HYPERFUNCTION.Ovarian Diseases: Pathological processes of the OVARY.Progesterone: The major progestational steroid that is secreted primarily by the CORPUS LUTEUM and the PLACENTA. Progesterone acts on the UTERUS, the MAMMARY GLANDS and the BRAIN. It is required in EMBRYO IMPLANTATION; PREGNANCY maintenance, and the development of mammary tissue for MILK production. Progesterone, converted from PREGNENOLONE, also serves as an intermediate in the biosynthesis of GONADAL STEROID HORMONES and adrenal CORTICOSTEROIDS.Oogenesis: The process of germ cell development in the female from the primordial germ cells through OOGONIA to the mature haploid ova (OVUM).Follicular Atresia: The degeneration and resorption of an OVARIAN FOLLICLE before it reaches maturity and ruptures.Oocytes: Female germ cells derived from OOGONIA and termed OOCYTES when they enter MEIOSIS. The primary oocytes begin meiosis but are arrested at the diplotene state until OVULATION at PUBERTY to give rise to haploid secondary oocytes or ova (OVUM).Theca Cells: The flattened stroma cells forming a sheath or theca outside the basal lamina lining the mature OVARIAN FOLLICLE. Thecal interstitial or stromal cells are steroidogenic, and produce primarily ANDROGENS which serve as precusors of ESTROGENS in the GRANULOSA CELLS.Follicle Stimulating Hormone: A major gonadotropin secreted by the adenohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, ANTERIOR). Follicle-stimulating hormone stimulates GAMETOGENESIS and the supporting cells such as the ovarian GRANULOSA CELLS, the testicular SERTOLI CELLS, and LEYDIG CELLS. FSH consists of two noncovalently linked subunits, alpha and beta. Within a species, the alpha subunit is common in the three pituitary glycoprotein hormones (TSH, LH, and FSH), but the beta subunit is unique and confers its biological specificity.Gonadotropins, Equine: Gonadotropins secreted by the pituitary or the placenta in horses. This term generally refers to the gonadotropins found in the pregnant mare serum, a rich source of equine CHORIONIC GONADOTROPIN; LUTEINIZING HORMONE; and FOLLICLE STIMULATING HORMONE. Unlike that in humans, the equine LUTEINIZING HORMONE, BETA SUBUNIT is identical to the equine choronic gonadotropin, beta. Equine gonadotropins prepared from pregnant mare serum are used in reproductive studies.Corpus Luteum: The yellow body derived from the ruptured OVARIAN FOLLICLE after OVULATION. The process of corpus luteum formation, LUTEINIZATION, is regulated by LUTEINIZING HORMONE.Ovarian Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the OVARY. These neoplasms can be benign or malignant. They are classified according to the tissue of origin, such as the surface EPITHELIUM, the stromal endocrine cells, and the totipotent GERM CELLS.Luteinizing Hormone: A major gonadotropin secreted by the adenohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, ANTERIOR). Luteinizing hormone regulates steroid production by the interstitial cells of the TESTIS and the OVARY. The preovulatory LUTEINIZING HORMONE surge in females induces OVULATION, and subsequent LUTEINIZATION of the follicle. LUTEINIZING HORMONE consists of two noncovalently linked subunits, alpha and beta. Within a species, the alpha subunit is common in the three pituitary glycoprotein hormones (TSH, LH and FSH), but the beta subunit is unique and confers its biological specificity.Ovarian Cysts: General term for CYSTS and cystic diseases of the OVARY.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Chorionic Gonadotropin: A gonadotropic glycoprotein hormone produced primarily by the PLACENTA. Similar to the pituitary LUTEINIZING HORMONE in structure and function, chorionic gonadotropin is involved in maintaining the CORPUS LUTEUM during pregnancy. CG consists of two noncovalently linked subunits, alpha and beta. Within a species, the alpha subunit is virtually identical to the alpha subunits of the three pituitary glycoprotein hormones (TSH, LH, and FSH), but the beta subunit is unique and confers its biological specificity (CHORIONIC GONADOTROPIN, BETA SUBUNIT, HUMAN).Kinetics: The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.Estradiol: The 17-beta-isomer of estradiol, an aromatized C18 steroid with hydroxyl group at 3-beta- and 17-beta-position. Estradiol-17-beta is the most potent form of mammalian estrogenic steroids.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.RNA, Messenger: RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.Cell Line: Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Estrus: The period in the ESTROUS CYCLE associated with maximum sexual receptivity and fertility in non-primate female mammals.Gonadotropins: Hormones that stimulate gonadal functions such as GAMETOGENESIS and sex steroid hormone production in the OVARY and the TESTIS. Major gonadotropins are glycoproteins produced primarily by the adenohypophysis (GONADOTROPINS, PITUITARY) and the placenta (CHORIONIC GONADOTROPIN). In some species, pituitary PROLACTIN and PLACENTAL LACTOGEN exert some luteotropic activities.Anovulation: Suspension or cessation of OVULATION in animals or humans with follicle-containing ovaries (OVARIAN FOLLICLE). Depending on the etiology, OVULATION may be induced with appropriate therapy.Mutation: Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.Estrous Cycle: The period of cyclic physiological and behavior changes in non-primate female mammals that exhibit ESTRUS. The estrous cycle generally consists of 4 or 5 distinct periods corresponding to the endocrine status (PROESTRUS; ESTRUS; METESTRUS; DIESTRUS; and ANESTRUS).Transfection: The uptake of naked or purified DNA by CELLS, usually meaning the process as it occurs in eukaryotic cells. It is analogous to bacterial transformation (TRANSFORMATION, BACTERIAL) and both are routinely employed in GENE TRANSFER TECHNIQUES.Hair Removal: Methods used to remove unwanted facial and body hair.Recombinant Proteins: Proteins prepared by recombinant DNA technology.Cells, Cultured: Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.Oligomenorrhea: Abnormally infrequent menstruation.Cattle: Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.Testis: The male gonad containing two functional parts: the SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES for the production and transport of male germ cells (SPERMATOGENESIS) and the interstitial compartment containing LEYDIG CELLS that produce ANDROGENS.Androstenedione: A delta-4 C19 steroid that is produced not only in the TESTIS, but also in the OVARY and the ADRENAL CORTEX. Depending on the tissue type, androstenedione can serve as a precursor to TESTOSTERONE as well as ESTRONE and ESTRADIOL.Testosterone: A potent androgenic steroid and major product secreted by the LEYDIG CELLS of the TESTIS. Its production is stimulated by LUTEINIZING HORMONE from the PITUITARY GLAND. In turn, testosterone exerts feedback control of the pituitary LH and FSH secretion. Depending on the tissues, testosterone can be further converted to DIHYDROTESTOSTERONE or ESTRADIOL.Sexual Maturation: Achievement of full sexual capacity in animals and in humans.Uterus: The hollow thick-walled muscular organ in the female PELVIS. It consists of the fundus (the body) which is the site of EMBRYO IMPLANTATION and FETAL DEVELOPMENT. Beyond the isthmus at the perineal end of fundus, is CERVIX UTERI (the neck) opening into VAGINA. Beyond the isthmi at the upper abdominal end of fundus, are the FALLOPIAN TUBES.Granulosa Cell Tumor: A neoplasm composed entirely of GRANULOSA CELLS, occurring mostly in the OVARY. In the adult form, it may contain some THECA CELLS. This tumor often produces ESTRADIOL and INHIBIN. The excess estrogen exposure can lead to other malignancies in women and PRECOCIOUS PUBERTY in girls. In rare cases, granulosa cell tumors have been identified in the TESTES.Immunohistochemistry: Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.Infertility, Female: Diminished or absent ability of a female to achieve conception.Follicular Phase: The period of the MENSTRUAL CYCLE representing follicular growth, increase in ovarian estrogen (ESTROGENS) production, and epithelial proliferation of the ENDOMETRIUM. Follicular phase begins with the onset of MENSTRUATION and ends with OVULATION.Cloning, Molecular: The insertion of recombinant DNA molecules from prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic sources into a replicating vehicle, such as a plasmid or virus vector, and the introduction of the resultant hybrid molecules into recipient cells without altering the viability of those cells.Water Purification: Any of several processes in which undesirable impurities in water are removed or neutralized; for example, chlorination, filtration, primary treatment, ion exchange, and distillation. It includes treatment of WASTE WATER to provide potable and hygienic water in a controlled or closed environment as well as provision of public drinking water supplies.DNA: A deoxyribonucleotide polymer that is the primary genetic material of all cells. Eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms normally contain DNA in a double-stranded state, yet several important biological processes transiently involve single-stranded regions. DNA, which consists of a polysugar-phosphate backbone possessing projections of purines (adenine and guanine) and pyrimidines (thymine and cytosine), forms a double helix that is held together by hydrogen bonds between these purines and pyrimidines (adenine to thymine and guanine to cytosine).Anti-Mullerian Hormone: A glycoprotein that causes regression of MULLERIAN DUCTS. It is produced by SERTOLI CELLS of the TESTES. In the absence of this hormone, the Mullerian ducts develop into structures of the female reproductive tract. In males, defects of this hormone result in persistent Mullerian duct, a form of MALE PSEUDOHERMAPHRODITISM.Fertility: The capacity to conceive or to induce conception. It may refer to either the male or female.Follicular Fluid: The fluid surrounding the OVUM and GRANULOSA CELLS in the Graafian follicle (OVARIAN FOLLICLE). The follicular fluid contains sex steroids, glycoprotein hormones, plasma proteins, mucopolysaccharides, and enzymes.Reproduction: The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)Gene Expression: The phenotypic manifestation of a gene or genes by the processes of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION and GENETIC TRANSLATION.Ovariectomy: The surgical removal of one or both ovaries.Oogonia: Euploid female germ cells of an early stage of OOGENESIS, derived from primordial germ cells during ovarian differentiation. Oogonia undergo MEIOSIS and give rise to haploid OOCYTESCell Membrane: The lipid- and protein-containing, selectively permeable membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.Foreign Bodies: Inanimate objects that become enclosed in the body.Calcium: A basic element found in nearly all organized tissues. It is a member of the alkaline earth family of metals with the atomic symbol Ca, atomic number 20, and atomic weight 40. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body and combines with phosphorus to form calcium phosphate in the bones and teeth. It is essential for the normal functioning of nerves and muscles and plays a role in blood coagulation (as factor IV) and in many enzymatic processes.DNA, Complementary: Single-stranded complementary DNA synthesized from an RNA template by the action of RNA-dependent DNA polymerase. cDNA (i.e., complementary DNA, not circular DNA, not C-DNA) is used in a variety of molecular cloning experiments as well as serving as a specific hybridization probe.Ovum: A mature haploid female germ cell extruded from the OVARY at OVULATION.Swine: Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).Clomiphene: A triphenyl ethylene stilbene derivative which is an estrogen agonist or antagonist depending on the target tissue. Note that ENCLOMIPHENE and ZUCLOMIPHENE are the (E) and (Z) isomers of Clomiphene respectively.Ovulation Induction: Techniques for the artifical induction of ovulation, the rupture of the follicle and release of the ovum.Aromatase: An enzyme that catalyzes the desaturation (aromatization) of the ring A of C19 androgens and converts them to C18 estrogens. In this process, the 19-methyl is removed. This enzyme is membrane-bound, located in the endoplasmic reticulum of estrogen-producing cells of ovaries, placenta, testes, adipose, and brain tissues. Aromatase is encoded by the CYP19 gene, and functions in complex with NADPH-FERRIHEMOPROTEIN REDUCTASE in the cytochrome P-450 system.Androgens: Compounds that interact with ANDROGEN RECEPTORS in target tissues to bring about the effects similar to those of TESTOSTERONE. Depending on the target tissues, androgenic effects can be on SEX DIFFERENTIATION; male reproductive organs, SPERMATOGENESIS; secondary male SEX CHARACTERISTICS; LIBIDO; development of muscle mass, strength, and power.Inhibins: Glycoproteins that inhibit pituitary FOLLICLE STIMULATING HORMONE secretion. Inhibins are secreted by the Sertoli cells of the testes, the granulosa cells of the ovarian follicles, the placenta, and other tissues. Inhibins and ACTIVINS are modulators of FOLLICLE STIMULATING HORMONE secretions; both groups belong to the TGF-beta superfamily, as the TRANSFORMING GROWTH FACTOR BETA. Inhibins consist of a disulfide-linked heterodimer with a unique alpha linked to either a beta A or a beta B subunit to form inhibin A or inhibin B, respectivelySheep: Any of the ruminant mammals with curved horns in the genus Ovis, family Bovidae. They possess lachrymal grooves and interdigital glands, which are absent in GOATS.Dose-Response Relationship, Drug: The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.Rats, Sprague-Dawley: A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.Receptors, FSH: Cell surface proteins that bind FOLLICLE STIMULATING HORMONE with high affinity and trigger intracellular changes influencing the behavior of cells.Protein Binding: The process in which substances, either endogenous or exogenous, bind to proteins, peptides, enzymes, protein precursors, or allied compounds. Specific protein-binding measures are often used as assays in diagnostic assessments.Metformin: A biguanide hypoglycemic agent used in the treatment of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus not responding to dietary modification. Metformin improves glycemic control by improving insulin sensitivity and decreasing intestinal absorption of glucose. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p289)Gonads: The gamete-producing glands, OVARY or TESTIS.Glycosylation: The chemical or biochemical addition of carbohydrate or glycosyl groups to other chemicals, especially peptides or proteins. Glycosyl transferases are used in this biochemical reaction.Rabbits: The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.Cryopreservation: Preservation of cells, tissues, organs, or embryos by freezing. In histological preparations, cryopreservation or cryofixation is used to maintain the existing form, structure, and chemical composition of all the constituent elements of the specimens.Hydrogen-Ion Concentration: The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)In Situ Hybridization: A technique that localizes specific nucleic acid sequences within intact chromosomes, eukaryotic cells, or bacterial cells through the use of specific nucleic acid-labeled probes.Vitellogenesis: The active production and accumulation of VITELLINS (egg yolk proteins) in the non-mammalian OOCYTES from circulating precursors, VITELLOGENINS. Vitellogenesis usually begins after the first MEIOSIS and is regulated by estrogenic hormones.Rats, Inbred Strains: Genetically identical individuals developed from brother and sister matings which have been carried out for twenty or more generations or by parent x offspring matings carried out with certain restrictions. This also includes animals with a long history of closed colony breeding.Drug Resistance: Diminished or failed response of an organism, disease or tissue to the intended effectiveness of a chemical or drug. It should be differentiated from DRUG TOLERANCE which is the progressive diminution of the susceptibility of a human or animal to the effects of a drug, as a result of continued administration.Gene Expression Regulation: Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control (induction or repression) of gene action at the level of transcription or translation.Primary Ovarian Insufficiency: Cessation of ovarian function after MENARCHE but before the age of 40, without or with OVARIAN FOLLICLE depletion. It is characterized by the presence of OLIGOMENORRHEA or AMENORRHEA, elevated GONADOTROPINS, and low ESTRADIOL levels. It is a state of female HYPERGONADOTROPIC HYPOGONADISM. Etiologies include genetic defects, autoimmune processes, chemotherapy, radiation, and infections.Fertility Agents, Female: Compounds which increase the capacity to conceive in females.Germ Cells: The reproductive cells in multicellular organisms at various stages during GAMETOGENESIS.Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction: A variation of the PCR technique in which cDNA is made from RNA via reverse transcription. The resultant cDNA is then amplified using standard PCR protocols.Testicular Hormones: Hormones produced in the testis.Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone: A decapeptide that stimulates the synthesis and secretion of both pituitary gonadotropins, LUTEINIZING HORMONE and FOLLICLE STIMULATING HORMONE. GnRH is produced by neurons in the septum PREOPTIC AREA of the HYPOTHALAMUS and released into the pituitary portal blood, leading to stimulation of GONADOTROPHS in the ANTERIOR PITUITARY GLAND.Signal Transduction: The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.Fertilization in Vitro: An assisted reproductive technique that includes the direct handling and manipulation of oocytes and sperm to achieve fertilization in vitro.Cyclohexenes: Six-carbon alicyclic hydrocarbons which contain one or more double bonds in the ring. The cyclohexadienes are not aromatic, in contrast to BENZOQUINONES which are sometimes called 2,5-cyclohexadiene-1,4-diones.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Biological Transport: The movement of materials (including biochemical substances and drugs) through a biological system at the cellular level. The transport can be across cell membranes and epithelial layers. It also can occur within intracellular compartments and extracellular compartments.Sequence Homology, Amino Acid: The degree of similarity between sequences of amino acids. This information is useful for the analyzing genetic relatedness of proteins and species.Cell Survival: The span of viability of a cell characterized by the capacity to perform certain functions such as metabolism, growth, reproduction, some form of responsiveness, and adaptability.Blotting, Western: Identification of proteins or peptides that have been electrophoretically separated by blot transferring from the electrophoresis gel to strips of nitrocellulose paper, followed by labeling with antibody probes.Steroids: A group of polycyclic compounds closely related biochemically to TERPENES. They include cholesterol, numerous hormones, precursors of certain vitamins, bile acids, alcohols (STEROLS), and certain natural drugs and poisons. Steroids have a common nucleus, a fused, reduced 17-carbon atom ring system, cyclopentanoperhydrophenanthrene. Most steroids also have two methyl groups and an aliphatic side-chain attached to the nucleus. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed)Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel: Electrophoresis in which a polyacrylamide gel is used as the diffusion medium.Binding Sites: The parts of a macromolecule that directly participate in its specific combination with another molecule.Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental: Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action during the developmental stages of an organism.Luteal Cells: PROGESTERONE-producing cells in the CORPUS LUTEUM. The large luteal cells derive from the GRANULOSA CELLS. The small luteal cells derive from the THECA CELLS.Genitalia, Female: The female reproductive organs. The external organs include the VULVA; BARTHOLIN'S GLANDS; and CLITORIS. The internal organs include the VAGINA; UTERUS; OVARY; and FALLOPIAN TUBES.Glycoproteins: Conjugated protein-carbohydrate compounds including mucins, mucoid, and amyloid glycoproteins.Superovulation: Occurrence or induction of release of more ova than are normally released at the same time in a given species. The term applies to both animals and humans.Hormones: Chemical substances having a specific regulatory effect on the activity of a certain organ or organs. The term was originally applied to substances secreted by various ENDOCRINE GLANDS and transported in the bloodstream to the target organs. It is sometimes extended to include those substances that are not produced by the endocrine glands but that have similar effects.Waste Disposal, Fluid: The discarding or destroying of liquid waste products or their transformation into something useful or innocuous.Microscopy, Electron: Microscopy using an electron beam, instead of light, to visualize the sample, thereby allowing much greater magnification. The interactions of ELECTRONS with specimens are used to provide information about the fine structure of that specimen. In TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY the reactions of the electrons that are transmitted through the specimen are imaged. In SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY an electron beam falls at a non-normal angle on the specimen and the image is derived from the reactions occurring above the plane of the specimen.Blotting, Northern: Detection of RNA that has been electrophoretically separated and immobilized by blotting on nitrocellulose or other type of paper or nylon membrane followed by hybridization with labeled NUCLEIC ACID PROBES.Sex Differentiation: The process in developing sex- or gender-specific tissue, organ, or function after SEX DETERMINATION PROCESSES have set the sex of the GONADS. Major areas of sex differentiation occur in the reproductive tract (GENITALIA) and the brain.DNA Repair: The reconstruction of a continuous two-stranded DNA molecule without mismatch from a molecule which contained damaged regions. The major repair mechanisms are excision repair, in which defective regions in one strand are excised and resynthesized using the complementary base pairing information in the intact strand; photoreactivation repair, in which the lethal and mutagenic effects of ultraviolet light are eliminated; and post-replication repair, in which the primary lesions are not repaired, but the gaps in one daughter duplex are filled in by incorporation of portions of the other (undamaged) daughter duplex. Excision repair and post-replication repair are sometimes referred to as "dark repair" because they do not require light.DNA Primers: Short sequences (generally about 10 base pairs) of DNA that are complementary to sequences of messenger RNA and allow reverse transcriptases to start copying the adjacent sequences of mRNA. Primers are used extensively in genetic and molecular biology techniques.Vinyl CompoundsFallopian Tubes: A pair of highly specialized muscular canals extending from the UTERUS to its corresponding OVARY. They provide the means for OVUM collection, and the site for the final maturation of gametes and FERTILIZATION. The fallopian tube consists of an interstitium, an isthmus, an ampulla, an infundibulum, and fimbriae. Its wall consists of three histologic layers: serous, muscular, and an internal mucosal layer lined with both ciliated and secretory cells.
"Oophorectomy (ovary removal surgery) - Risks". Mayoclinic.org. Retrieved 16 September 2017.. *^ "Oophorectomy Risks". News- ...
Surgical induction of menopause by removal of ovaries. Removal of infected tubes. Drainage of pelvic abscess. First ... During this time, his work included: First removal of an organ (ovary) (oophorectomy) for pain. Observation of association of ...
... removal a surgical video Emedicine overview This article incorporates public domain material from the U.S. ... Other masses include endometriomas, polycystic ovaries, and benign neoplasms. In postmenopausal women, adnexal masses may be ... Removal is sometimes referred to as "adnexectomy". "Adnexal Mass". onlinemeded.org. Retrieved 2015-05-27. Roman LD, Muderspach ... polycystic ovaries, and tubo-ovarian abscess. In females of reproductive age, adnexal masses can be physiologic or complex ...
Hysterectomy is the removal of the uterus. Bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (BSO) is the removal of both ovaries and fallopian ... removal of the ovaries). While the rates of endometrial and cervical cancer are overall higher than ovarian cancer, and these ... removal of the breasts) and chest contouring (providing a more typically male chest shape), and hysterectomy (the removal of ... Many trans men seek bilateral mastectomy, also called "top surgery", the removal of the breasts and the shaping of a male ...
The removal of a thoracic sclerite in Diacamma ants inhibits ovary development; the only reproductive individual of this ... In some species, suppression of ovary development is not totally achieved in the worker caste, which opens the possibility of ... Additionally, the more dominant foundress tended to show an increased number of oocytes contained within her ovaries. It was ... Research has shown that removal of the queen from the colony allows the reestablishment of reproductive function in sub- ...
Removal of the uterus renders the patient unable to bear children (as does removal of ovaries and fallopian tubes) and has ... Removal of one or both ovaries is performed in a substantial number of hysterectomies that were intended to be ovary sparing. ... Hysterectomy is the surgical removal of the uterus. It may also involve removal of the cervix, ovaries, fallopian tubes and ... Removal of the uterus without removing the ovaries can produce a situation that on rare occasions can result in ectopic ...
Eyestalk ablation is the removal of one or both eyestalks from a crustacean. It is routinely practiced on female prawns in ... The aim of ablation is to stimulate the female shrimp to develop mature ovaries and spawn. In Macrobrachium americanum, prawns ... Any procedures whereby the abdomen is separated from the thorax The removal of tissue, flesh, or limbs while the crustacean is ...
In medicine, salpingoophorectomy is the removal of an ovary and its fallopian tube. This spelling: "salpingoophorectomy," is a ...
The release of an oocyte does not alternate between the two ovaries and seems to be random. After removal of an ovary, the ... An operation that combines the removal of a Fallopian tube with removal of at least one ovary is a salpingo-oophorectomy. An ... The surgical removal of a Fallopian tube is called a salpingectomy. To remove both tubes is a bilateral salpingectomy. ... In a woman's body the tube allows passage of the egg from the ovary to the uterus. Its different segments are (lateral to ...
Schauta's operation: Surgical removal of the uterus and the adnexa (ovaries and oviducts). Schauta-Stoeckel operation: Vaginal ... Schauta is remembered for introducing an operation for uterine cancer in which the uterus and ovaries are removed by way of the ...
In older women, treatment is total abdominal hysterectomy and removal of both ovaries. In young girls, fertility sparing ... It has been reported to occur in the ovary usually, rarely in the testis. Due to its rarity, the malignant potential of this ... Sex cord Stroma of ovary Sajadi, Kamran P.; Dalton, Rory R.; Brown, James A. (2009). "Sex Cord-Gonadal Stromal Tumor of the ... This tumour produces granulosa cells, which normally are found in the ovary. It is malignant in 20% of women diagnosed with it ...
Removal of healthy ovaries is also associated with negative health effects due to oestrogen deficiency, leaving the ovaries ... This study looks at the removal of the fimbrae structures of the ovaries. Results for this study are expected in October 2017. ... As a preventative surgery however, it involves the removal of the fallopian tubes. By not removing the ovaries this procedure ... It also reduces risks such as cardiovascular disease and osteoporosis which are associated with removal of the ovaries. In 2013 ...
The exception to this is the removal of the corpus luteum from the ovary. This can cause fluctuations in the hormones necessary ... Treatment can include surgical removal of the tissue with vacuum aspiration or misoprostol. Studies looking at the methods of ... Boomsma CM, Fauser BC, Macklon NS (January 2008). "Pregnancy complications in women with polycystic ovary syndrome". Seminars ... Lilja AE, Mathiesen ER (2006). "Polycystic ovary syndrome and metformin in pregnancy". Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica ...
In males this usually includes also the removal of the prostate and in females; ovaries, uterus and parts of the vagina. In ... Surgical options may include transurethral resection, partial or complete removal of the bladder, or urinary diversion. Typical ... uses an electric current to enhance drug absorption after surgical removal of the tumor. Another technology, thermotherapy, ...
Removal of surrounding the vaginal tissue from the obturator foramen to the pelvic floor. The ovaries and fallopian tubes are ... the total removal of the uterus and the ligaments that hold it in place in the pelvis Lymphadenectomy with removal of the ... In 1898, Ernst Wertheim, a Viennese physician, developed the radical total hysterectomy with removal of the pelvic lymph nodes ... In In 1944, Meigs repopularized the surgical approach when he developed a modified Wertheim operation with removal of all ...
... is the surgical removal of an ovary or ovaries. The surgery is also called ovariectomy, but this term has been traditionally ... used in basic science research to describe the surgical removal of ovaries in laboratory animals. Removal of the ovaries in ... removal of the uterus). The removal of an ovary together with the Fallopian tube is called salpingo-oophorectomy or unilateral ... in which the Fallopian tubes are blocked but the ovaries remain intact. In many cases, surgical removal of the ovaries is ...
Hysterectomy (surgical removal of the uterus) can also be offered to patients > 40 years of age or those for whom sterilisation ... The same is true of choriocarcinoma arising in the ovary. Testicular choriocarcinoma has the worst prognosis of all germ-cell ... Choriocarcinomas can also occur in the ovaries. Characteristic feature is the identification of intimately related ... It is also classified as a germ cell tumor and may arise in the testis or ovary. increased quantitative chorionic gonadotropin ...
... ovaries are left. Traditional spaying (removal of uterus and ovaries) is performed commonly on household pets (such as cats and ... Early-age neutering, also known as pediatric spaying or prepubertal gonadectomy, is the removal of the ovaries or testes before ... There is a ligament that attaches the ovaries to the body wall, which may need to be broken down so the ovaries can be ... The surgeon finds the ovary with the instrument and uses it to suspend the ovary from a needle placed through the abdominal ...
The aim of ablation under these circumstances is to stimulate the female shrimp to develop mature ovaries and spawn. ... Eyestalk ablation is the removal of one (unilateral) or both (bilateral) eyestalks from a crustacean. It is routinely practiced ... Even in conditions where a given species will develop ovaries and spawn in captivity, use of eyestalk ablation increases total ... Most captive conditions for shrimp cause inhibitions in females that prevent them from developing mature ovaries. ...
The artificial ovary will be used for the purpose of in vitro maturation of immature oocytes and the development of a system to ... Similar to ECMO, Extracorporeal CO2 Removal (ECCO2R) has a similar set-up, but mainly benefits the patient through carbon ... An artificial human ovary has been developed at Brown University with self-assembled microtissues created using novel 3-D petri ... Krotz S, Robins J, Moore R, Steinhoff MM, Morgan J, Carson S. Model Artificial Human Ovary by Pre-Fabricated Cellular Self- ...
Term "Adnexectomy" in Gynaecology is often used for Salpingo-Oophorectomy (removal of both: fallopian tubes and ovaries). Ovary ... They can be defined in slightly different ways: Some sources define the adnexa as the fallopian tubes and ovaries. Others ... ovaries, and ligaments (without specifying precisely which ligaments are included). The term "adnexitis" is sometimes used to ...
Complications of TOA are related to the possible removal of one or both ovaries and fallopian tubes. Without these reproductive ... It is an inflammatory mass involving the fallopian tube, ovary and, occasionally, other adjacent pelvic organs. A TOA can also ... If surgery becomes necessary, pre-operative administration of broad-spectrum antibiotics is started and removal of the abscess ... the affected ovary and fallopian tube is done. After discharge from the hospital, oral antibiotics are continued for the length ...
The removal of a thoracic sclerite in Diacamma ants inhibits ovary development; the only reproductive individual of this ... In the honey bee Apis mellifera, pheromone produced by the queen mandibular glands is responsible for inhibiting ovary ... In some species, suppression of ovary development is not totally achieved in the worker caste, which opens the possibility of ... Additionally, the more dominant foundress tended to show an increased number of oocytes contained within her ovaries. It was ...
The term encompasses premature menopause due to any cause, including surgical removal of the ovaries for any reason. Early ... Poor ovarian reserve is a condition of low fertility characterized by 1): low numbers of remaining oocytes in the ovaries or 2 ... This is supported by at least one study in which transplantation of ovaries from old rats to young ovariectomized rats resulted ... The above table closely matches Broekmans' data only if interpreted as the total AFC of both ovaries. Only antral follicles ...
Removal of the uterus without removal of the ovaries does not directly cause menopause, although pelvic surgery of this type ... and the surgical removal of the ovaries, with or without the removal of the uterus. Rates of premature menopause have been ... removal of ovaries), which is often, but not always, done in conjunction with removal of the Fallopian tubes (salpingo- ... Cessation of menses as a result of removal of the ovaries is called "surgical menopause". The sudden and complete drop in ...
... this surgery involves removal of the tumor via transsphenoidal surgery (TSS). There are two possible options for access to ... polycystic ovary syndrome, familial glucocorticoid resistance, and hyperthyroidism. ...
Prophylactic ovary removal is permanent and irreversible.. *Women who undergo prophylactic ovary removal can no longer have ... Home → Treatment and Side Effects → Surgery → Prophylactic Ovary Removal → Risks of Prophylactic Ovary Removal ... Prophylactic ovary removal may have other long-term risks yet to be discovered. Doctors do not fully understand how the loss of ... After ovary removal, some women experience depression or anxiety about their loss of fertility. Women may have other side ...
Ovary shutdown can cause intense menopausal symptoms, as ovary removal does - but it is reversible. Once the medication is ... Removing the ovaries and fallopian tubes is the only proven strategy for significantly reducing ovarian cancer risk. For many ... Temporary ovarian shutdown: Some women take medication that temporarily shuts down the ovaries production of estrogen. This is ... In the past, low-dose radiation therapy was used to permanently stop estrogen production by the ovaries, but this practice ...
Women who had their ovaries removed at an earlier age were more likely to experience a decline in memory function, according to ... It involves the removal of one or both ovaries (an oophorectomy), often in combination with a hysterectomy, the removal of a ... cancer of the uterus and ovaries, and abnormal vaginal bleeding. When the ovaries are gone, ovarian production of estrogen ... Women who had their ovaries removed at an earlier age were more likely to experience a decline in memory function, according to ...
major depression after ovary removal. Please can someone let me know if thay have been diagnosed with a major clinical ...
Treatments and Tools for Ovary Removal. Find Ovary Removal information, treatments for Ovary Removal and Ovary Removal symptoms ... MedHelps Ovary Removal Center for Information, Symptoms, Resources, ... 13cm Dermoid cyst removal, including left ovary : what do I do now? - Ovarian Cysts Community ... feeling pain and a very down after ovary removal and fallopian tube - Womens Health Community ...
... discomfort I was having after my ovaries removed on 12/16 for a 10.5 cm cyst. (had hysterectomy in 1999) I went for a follow-up ... Recurrent Perintoneal Cysts after ovary removal MrsT I posted back in Jan about some abdominal swelling &discomfort I was ... I am 52 and had the full hysterectomy and removal of both ovaries in Feb. 2005. I am wondering whether I am being paranoid or ... First UltraSound thought it was a 4 cm cyst on right ovary, but that was followed by CT that said both ovaries were normal, the ...
Philip J. DiSaia of tearing out the ovaries of women over 35 years of age if there is a history ... Routine removal of ovaries is questioned by new research. April 21, 2009 ... Philip J. DiSaia of tearing out the ovaries of women over 35 years of age if there is a history of ovarian cancer in their ... Nothing replaces the role of ones natural ovaries. Endocrinologists are just finding out the role natural hormones play in the ...
Hysterectomy is the surgical removal of the uterus. Most experts believe the risk for uterine cancer in women with BRCA ... For that reason, the removal of the uterus with a risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy is not universally recommended for BRCA ... However, some considerations may impact the decision to remove the uterus with the ovaries and fallopian tubes. The issue is ... The fallopian tubes connect the uterus to the ovaries and are attached to both organs. Although gynecologic oncologists remove ...
A woman who has a hysterectomy which includes the removal of the ovaries has a reduced risk of developing ovarian cancer, and ... An oophorectomy or ovariectomy is the surgical removal of one or both ovaries.. Their findings went against the Nurses Health ... "Hysterectomy Including Ovary Removal Lowers Ovarian Cancer Risk - Does Not Raise Other Risks." Medical News Today. MediLexicon ... A woman who has a hysterectomy which includes the removal of the ovaries has a reduced risk of developing ovarian cancer, and ...
Elective removal of an ovary for fibroids or other causes increases a womans risk of dementia later in life, a Mayo ... SAN DIEGO - Elective removal of an ovary for fibroids or other causes increases a womans risk of dementia later in life, ... For example, about 15% of women who did not have their ovaries removed were showing signs of dementia at age 85 in the cohort, ... Even though women with both ovaries removed are given hormone replacement therapy, Dr. Rocca said, its often not given for ...
Women opt for the surgical procedure to remove their ovaries to reduce the risk of cancer, or as a result of reproductive organ ... Oophorectomy: How Ovary Removal Affects The Body. May 30, 2018 08:06 AM By Medical Daily Staff ... The surgical removal of both ovaries will cause immediate menopause. As a result, women may abruptly experience the typical ... The removal of ovaries causes sterility, with doctors advising those who want to have biological children to consider ...
Ovary removal reduced cancer risk by 80 percent.. Interestingly, removing the ovaries can reduce the risk of breast cancer as ... Ovary removal aids women at high risk of cancer. A new study shows just how effective the surgery is, but raises the question ... Waiting until age 40 for ovary removal, as many women with BRCA1 do today, makes a very small difference, stressed Dr. Claudine ... Many women have babies during their late 30s, and ovary removal sends women into early menopause that can increase their risk ...
Removal of the ovaries (bilateral oophorectomy) while performing a hysterectomy is common practice to prevent the subsequent ... He concludes that, on balance, removal of the ovaries is not generally warranted for all women undergoing hysterectomy. In ... Philadelphia, PA, March 9, 2010 - Removal of the ovaries (bilateral oophorectomy) while performing a hysterectomy is common ... Postmenopausal ovaries continue to produce significant amounts of the androgens testosterone and androstenedione, which are ...
... had her ovaries and uterus removed six months after giving birth. Heres why. ... Oddly enough, the actual removal of Lindsays ovaries and uterus was the simplest part of her marathon journey to reduce her ... I Had My Ovaries And Uterus Removed 6 Months After Giving Birth. Inside one womans decade-long battle against the BRCA1 gene ... "For the past few years…its been like, have a baby, have another baby, lose the baby weight, and now get your ovaries out, and ...
Angelina Jolie underwent the removal of her ovaries and fallopian tubes last week after receiving news that she could be ... Angelina Jolie underwent the removal of her ovaries and fallopian tubes last week after receiving news that she could be ... Angelina Jolie Reveals Decision to Undergo the Removal of Her Ovaries in Touching Op-Ed. ... Angelina Jolie Reveals Decision to Undergo the Removal of Her Ovaries in Touching Op-Ed ...
An oophorectomy is the surgical removal of the ovaries. It is often performed as part of a hysterectomy, but may be done alone ... An oophorectomy is the surgical removal of the ovaries. It is often performed as part of a hysterectomy, but may be carried out ... The surgeon will make an incision in your lower abdomen in order to access your ovaries. Each ovary will be separated from the ... For some conditions, only one ovary needs to be removed. The remaining ovary may allow you to continue having periods and ...
Despite concerns that removing both of a womans ovaries would raise her chances of dying from diseases associated with aging, ... Over the past decade, a number of studies have produced conflicting answers to the question of whether ovary removal abruptly ... Jacoby told Reuters Health that studying an association between the removal of ovaries and death from heart disease or cancer ... who has published research linking ovary removal and increased risk of death said he notices younger doctors are more willing ...
Does ovary removal impact sexual function in older women?. Tips to revitalize sex life after 50 with traditional Chinese ... This study did not clarify whether the women who did not carry the BRCA mutations underwent removal of their ovaries solely to ... These women may have had other gynecologic conditions that required a hysterectomy; thus, removal of the ovaries at the time of ... Some of these women undergo removal of their ovaries and fallopian tubes (salpingo-ophorectomy) to reduce the risk of ovarian ...
Pre-menopausal women who have both ovaries removed are more likely to die of all causes unless they receive additional ... Pre-menopausal women who have both ovaries removed are more likely to die of all causes unless they receive additional ...
Ovary Removal Helps High-Risk Women Says Study. Surgery to remove healthy ovaries gives a triple benefit to high-risk women: It ... The women who chose ovary removal had impressive results:. -1 percent were later diagnosed with ovarian cancer that showed up ... The results offer more tailored evidence for women considering ovary removal, a surgery that ends fertility, fast-forwards them ... Rudnicks glad to hear ovary removal may reduce her risk of breast cancer as well as ovarian cancer. ...
Ovary,removal,may,increase,lung,cancer,risk,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical ... Ovary Removal Lowers Odds of Cancer in High-Risk Women. 5. Ovary Removal May Not Be Needed in Endometrial Cancer. 6. Physician ... Ovary Removal Protects Some High-Risk Women 2. Recurrent low-grade carcinoma of the ovary less responsive to chemo than more ... First colonoscopy with removal of polyps linked to reduction in colon cancer death. 10. oh2 Medical Spa and Vein Removal Center ...
Ovary removal may increase risk of chronic kidney disease. ROCHESTER, Minn. -- Premenopausal women who have their ovaries ... we recommend against the removal of the ovaries as a preventive option due to the increased risk of diseases, including chronic ... who had their ovaries surgically removed prior to 50 to an equal number of women of similar ages who did not have their ovaries ... Mayo Clinic researchers found that women who had their ovaries removed had a 6.6 percent higher risk of developing chronic ...
ovary removal. Hi all, after a couple of ruptured ovarian cysts, both of which resulted in emergency hospital and loads of ... The removal of mommy parts....(Gary and the other men may wanna sit this one out).. Jen415. General chatter. 13. 05-27-2009 ... Laser Hair Removal livelaughlovesunshin. Looking Good, Feeling Great. 16. 04-09-2013 10:14 PM. ... He also said that my right ovary should work better now ( but I suspect he was saying that to comfort me). Has anyone been ...
Women who are victims of abuse may be at increased risk for unnecessary ovary removal, a new study suggests. ... The researchers discourage surgeons from offering ovary removal as a preventive option for women who do not have cancer or gene ... Women who are victims of abuse may be at increased risk for unnecessary ovary removal, a new study suggests. ... The researchers compared 128 women under age 46 in Minnesota who had had their ovaries removed with women who did not have the ...
OophorectomyLeft ovaryRight ovaryMenopauseCervixProcedurePremenopausalKept their ovariesPCOSMenopausal symptomsHealthy ovariesBilateralEstrogenBRCAHaving their ovaries removedDermoidPolycysticSymptomsSurgical removalHysterectomy and ovary removalFallopian tubes and ovariesUnnecessary ovary removalPelvicCancerLaparoscopyPreventiveWomen who have their ovariesWombSuggestsRiskRemoveLaparoscopicFertilityIntact ovariesSmall incisionsCyst removedHormonesOvariectomyTubesRisksBenignProphylacticEggs
- It involves the removal of one or both ovaries (an oophorectomy), often in combination with a hysterectomy, the removal of a woman's uterus. (newsmax.com)
- An oophorectomy or ovariectomy is the surgical removal of one or both ovaries. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Oophorectomy, the surgical procedure to remove one or both the ovaries, is often performed during a hysterectomy, the removal of the uterus. (medicaldaily.com)
- Philadelphia, PA, March 9, 2010 - Removal of the ovaries (bilateral oophorectomy) while performing a hysterectomy is common practice to prevent the subsequent development of ovarian cancer. (elsevier.com)
- Ovary removal, commonly called as oophorectomy, has been a standard part of endometrial cancer treatment from many years. (onlinecancerguide.com)
- Since ovary removal, known as oophorectomy, is recommended to reduce ovarian and breast cancer risk in women at high risk for these diseases, the investigators were interested in studying its long-term effects on bone health. (jhu.edu)
- Oophorectomy also is a common procedure in women who undergo hysterectomy, or womb removal. (jhu.edu)
- Levels of estrogens and related hormones that are normally produced by the ovaries fall steeply after oophorectomy, abruptly bringing on menopause in women who are not yet menopausal. (jhu.edu)
- Using the NHANES III data, we set out to measure bone mineral density in women who'd had a bilateral oophorectomy compared with women with intact ovaries," McCarthy said. (jhu.edu)
- Women who had had a bilateral oophorectomy before age 45 and didn't take HRT were about twice as likely to get arthritis and three times as likely to have low bone mineral density, compared with those with intact ovaries," she said. (jhu.edu)
- Women with cancer and other medical conditions that necessitate oophorectomy, and women with specific genetic mutations that bring extremely high ovarian cancer risk, should still get their ovaries removed, she added. (jhu.edu)
- An editorial suggests that although the study must still be confirmed by other research, doctors will now rethink the advice they give about ovary removal, which is called an oophorectomy. (athenainstitute.com)
- Also known as an Oophorectomy, it's a surgical procedure to remove one or both ovaries. (surgerycenterok.com)
- A randomized clinical trial conducted by researchers at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center has found, for the first time, that proactively offering genetic counseling to women at high risk of ovarian cancer can increase the use of prophylactic oophorectomy, or preventive ovary removal. (fredhutch.org)
- Removal of the ovaries, a procedure known as an oophorectomy, was associated with a 62 percent reduction in breast cancer death in women diagnosed with breast cancer and carrying a BRCA1 gene mutation, according to an article published online by JAMA Oncology . (womenscollegehospital.ca)
- Their study included 676 women, of whom 345 underwent oophorectomy after being diagnosed with breast cancer, while 331 women retained both ovaries. (womenscollegehospital.ca)
- Ovary removal, or oophorectomy, may be performed for a number of reasons to address medical issues. (drjohnzhang.com)
- A surgical procedure to remove the ovary/ovaries is called ovariotomy or oophorectomy. (smilebabyivfs.in)
- Cross-sectional data indicate that women who have had a hysterectomy without bilateral oophorectomy weigh more, have higher gain mass index BMIand are more likely arabic translated be obese than women with intact uteri and ovaries. (caecongioloo.ml)
- The study, " Accelerated Accumulation of Multimorbidity After Bilateral Oophorectomy: A Population-Based Cohort Study , " published in the Mayo Clinic Proceedings , shows that ovary removal in young women is associated with higher incidence of several chronic conditions that markedly affect their health. (ovariancancernewstoday.com)
- All had undergone removal of both ovaries (or bilateral oophorectomy). (ovariancancernewstoday.com)
- Tagged bilateral oophorectomy , high-risk ovarian cancer , mayo clinic , Ovary removal , premenopausal women . (ovariancancernewstoday.com)
- Laparoscopic oophorectomy is the surgery performed to remove ovaries and fallopian tubes. (guruhospitals.com)
- Oophorectomy is often necessitated when the presence of cancer is spotted in the ovaries or if the hormones produced by the ovaries are likely to produce breast cancer. (guruhospitals.com)
- How Much Does an Ovary Removal (Salpingoectomy-Oophorectomy) Cost? (mdsave.com)
- Oophorectomy, also known as ovariectomy, is a surgical procedure in which one or both of a woman's ovaries are removed. (medifee.com)
- Unilateral oophorectomy (also called an ovariectomy) is the surgical removal of an ovary. (hormonesolutions.com)
- If both ovaries are removed, a procedure called a bilateral oophorectomy, menstruation stops and a woman loses the ability to have children. (hormonesolutions.com)
- Ovary (Oophorectomy) refers to the removal of the ovaries. (pai.co.th)
- If a female's karyotype contains a Y chromosome, then she is at high risk for developing cancer, a medical specialist may recommend removal of the ovaries (oophorectomy) as a preventive treatment. (hormonesolutions.com)
- Oophorectomy is a surgical procedure that removes one or both of your ovaries. (parkwayeast.com.sg)
- Oophorectomy can be done alone but it is often performed as part of a larger surgery, such as a hysterectomy (surgical removal of the womb). (parkwayeast.com.sg)
- Why do You Need Oophorectomy (Removal of the Ovaries)? (parkwayeast.com.sg)
- Having the ovaries out, an operation called an oophorectomy, throws a young woman into instant and permanent menopause. (nbcnews.com)
- 13cm Dermoid cyst removal, including left ovary : what do I do now? (medhelp.org)
- I have a large cyst on my left ovary with a solid component, which my ob/gyn believes is a dermoid. (empowher.com)
- I've had a dermoid cyst on this ovary before which was removed about 10 yrs ago, then another regular large cyst removed about 4yrs ago, and now this one (my poor left ovary). (empowher.com)
- Hi all, after a couple of ruptured ovarian cysts, both of which resulted in emergency hospital and loads of painkillers, I was diagnosed as having a giant dermoid cysts on my left ovary. (3fatchicks.com)
- Unfortunately the cyst had destroyed the left ovary and it had to be taken out. (3fatchicks.com)
- Anyway I'm trying to accept this and move on as removing the left ovary reduces my chance of ovarian cancer according to my surgeon and if I can't have kids I guess I have my health. (3fatchicks.com)
- At age 30 I had a dermoid cyst on left ovary and the entire ovary was removed. (alternativesurgery.com)
- Left ovary removal, pain in leg, groin back. (healthunlocked.com)
- A cyst was found on the woman's left ovary and in June 2010 she underwent keyhole surgery to remove the cyst and a specimen was collected for histology. (boyesturnerclaims.com)
- The results indicated a borderline tumour of the left ovary and the woman was advised to have an operation to remove the left ovary only and appendix to prevent the development of ovarian cancer. (boyesturnerclaims.com)
- At her first consultation with Dr. Hunt, she was told she required "urgent surgery" and on Oct. 5 that year, he removed her left ovary. (healththenmore.com)
- The report was normal Uterus in size and shape and right ovary normal, left ovary,Heterogenous mass left T.O. region. (medicaldialogues.in)
- However, again after a month complainant had same problem and when the High Resolution Real time Ultra Sonography was performed on 10-11-2006, the left ovary was not visualised. (medicaldialogues.in)
- The opposite party doctor advised the complainant to go for Hysteroscopy after unauthorized removal of left ovary on 20-10-2006. (medicaldialogues.in)
- After taking consent from father of complainant Laparotomy was done Uterus enlarged bicornuate, left horn tense thick, remains of left ovary were small necrotic? (medicaldialogues.in)
- But the ultrasound also revealed that my right ovary still has cyst on it. (3fatchicks.com)
- He also said that my right ovary should work better now ( but I suspect he was saying that to comfort me). (3fatchicks.com)
- Have right ovary pain very very mild find out its collapsed onto my uterus. (healthunlocked.com)
- A detailed discussion took place regarding the right ovary and the woman advised she wanted to keep this ovary in order to conceive children in the future. (boyesturnerclaims.com)
- There was no risk in keeping the right ovary and so the doctors agreed to this. (boyesturnerclaims.com)
- The surgical removal of both ovaries will cause immediate menopause. (medicaldaily.com)
- Many women have babies during their late 30s, and ovary removal sends women into early menopause that can increase their risk of bone-thinning osteoporosis or heart disease later on. (pressherald.com)
- For the past few years…it's been like, 'have a baby, have another baby, lose the baby weight, and now get your ovaries out, and go into menopause,'" says Lindsay. (womenshealthmag.com)
- Removing a woman's ovaries, which generate estrogen, thrusts her into menopause almost immediately with an unknown impact on long-term health, however. (lifescript.com)
- Over the past decade, a number of studies have produced conflicting answers to the question of whether ovary removal abruptly raises risks that tend to go up after natural menopause too, including death from heart disease, cancer and other causes. (lifescript.com)
- The results offer more tailored evidence for women considering ovary removal, a surgery that ends fertility, fast-forwards them into early menopause and may contribute to osteoporosis or heart problems later in life. (goldsea.com)
- This increased risk of lung cancer was particularly observed among women who had non-natural menopause by having had both their ovaries surgically removed. (bio-medicine.org)
- The key factor may be the abrupt removal of ovarian hormones, in contrast with natural menopause, in which there is a gradual decline, but that's something we need to study further," Visvanathan said. (jhu.edu)
- The decrease in cancer risk from ovary removal comes at the cost of early menopause and menopausal symptoms including hot flashes, mood swings, sleep disturbances and vaginal dryness - quality-of-life issues that may cause some women to delay or avoid the procedure. (healthcanal.com)
- Even after menopause, ovaries secrete hormones that help keep bones strong and heart disease at bay. (athenainstitute.com)
- Women who have their ovaries removed before menopause may find themselves at higher risk for chronic kidney disease, a new study suggests. (us.com)
- In this latest study, researchers investigated how the removal of both ovaries affected the kidney function of women who had not yet experienced menopause. (us.com)
- If someone has undergone this process for the removal of their ovaries then they would surely be entering the stage of menopause. (guide2fit.co.uk)
- Although a number of studies suggests that the long-term risks of ovary removal before menopause are greater than the benefits, some researchers still argue that in the absence of a randomized clinical trial, the evidence against ovary removal is not sufficient to change the practice. (ovariancancernewstoday.com)
- Menopause From Ovary Removal Care Primary i have no pain before during or after the expelling of the gas. (villa-agata.eu)
- Uterine leiomyomas (fioids) Menopause From Ovary Removal Care Primary are common benign smooth muscle tumors. (villa-agata.eu)
- Because surgical menopause is can affect from 50-75% of all women in menopause surgical and It takes some weeks to fully reverse the effects of low Prior to the hot flash The NEW ADVANCED Digital Menopause From Ovary Removal Care Primary Ovulation Test Kit with Dual Hormone Indicator Home Health UK 89619 views. (villa-agata.eu)
- If you have symptoms, have health conditions that make surgery less advisable, and are near removal of uterus due to fibroids menopause or do not want children, you may receive GnRHa therapy to treat your fibroids. (robertlarson.info)
- If you have not yet reached natural menopause and have surgery to remove your ovaries, you will have what is called "surgical" menopause. (webmd.com)
- A hysterectomy is the surgical removal of the uterus - sometimes it may include the cervix. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- A hysterectomy is a procedure that removes the uterus and cervix, but may not necessarily include the removal of the ovaries. (ogdenclinic.com)
- Endometriosis, abnormally enlarged ovaries, or other abnormalities can be visualized and treated prior to removing the uterus and cervix. (ogdenclinic.com)
- Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) is inflammation of internal genitalia (the uterine cervix the uterus the uterine tubes and the ovaries). (villa-agata.eu)
- Indications for hysterectomy (the official name of the operation) can serve as a cancer of the ovaries, uterus or cervix, a tumor. (ladyland98.com)
- Total hysterectomy involves removal of the uterus and the cervix. (pai.co.th)
- The procedure may also involve removal of fallopian tubes, ovaries, cervix and the other surrounding structures. (mathrutva.in)
- A hysterectomy is an operation to remove the uterus, or womb, and sometimes also the cervix, fallopian tubes, and ovaries. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- This procedure includes the removal of the uterus and cervix, the part of the uterus where the baby or menstrual blood exits the womb into the vagina. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- I have multiple fibroids, two large ones outside removal of uterus due to fibroids the uterus, one at the opening of the cervix and other 2 small ones. (robertlarson.info)
- Supra-cervical hysterectomy is removal of the upper part of the uterus, but not the cervix. (unc.edu)
- Until doctors know more about how ovary removal in younger women affects long-term health, each woman needs to work with her own doctor to weigh the risks and benefits of this procedure. (breastcancer.org)
- It is with complete and total disbelief that I read about the abominable procedure encouraged by Dr. Philip J. DiSaia of tearing out the ovaries of women over 35 years of age if there is a history of ovarian cancer in their immediate family ("When TV and Life Part Company," Feb. 27). (latimes.com)
- NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Despite concerns that removing both of a woman's ovaries would raise her chances of dying from diseases associated with aging, a large new study suggests the procedure may be safe. (lifescript.com)
- Looking at data on more than 130,000 California teachers, researchers found that women who were 45 years old or older when they had both ovaries removed had a slightly lower chance of dying over the length of the study than peers who didn't have the procedure. (lifescript.com)
- Dr. William Parker of the John Wayne Cancer Institute at Saint John's Health Center in Santa Monica, California, who has published research linking ovary removal and increased risk of death said he notices younger doctors are more willing to accept that there might be a higher risk associated with the procedure than older doctors. (lifescript.com)
- The researchers compared 128 women under age 46 in Minnesota who had had their ovaries removed with women who did not have the procedure. (tucson.com)
- In the first publication from the U.S. on surgical techniques and outcomes of single ovary removal for fertility preservation in girls, surgeons from Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago report that the procedure caused no complications and can be performed laparoscopically, on an outpatient basis, without delaying treatment for cancer or other therapies posing high risk of infertility. (luriechildrens.org)
- A laproscopic procedure where adhesions, lesions or cysts are removed from the walls of one or both Ovaries. (surgerycenterok.com)
- Understanding the process of ovary removal and its impact on your fertility may make undergoing this procedure less stressful. (drjohnzhang.com)
- In a number of instances it is unclear from the surgical procedure code whether one or both ovaries were removed or if they were preserved. (obermair.info)
- 10/3/2016 - For many years it's been standard operating procedure for dentists to recommend the surgical removal of wisdom teeth - even when there is no pain or symptoms. (naturalnews.com)
- If your doctor performs an open procedure to remove your ovaries, you can expect to stay in the hospital longer than if you have a laparoscopic or robot-assisted operation. (webmd.com)
- Also, in some cases, you doctor may begin to remove your ovaries using a laparoscopic technique, but once she sees what is happening inside, may have to change to an open procedure to treat your condition. (webmd.com)
- But removal of your ovaries is usually considered a safe procedure. (webmd.com)
- Women who had at least one remaining ovary and who still had their menstrual periods at the time of diagnosis/interview were classified as premenopausal. (bio-medicine.org)
- ROCHESTER, Minn. -- Premenopausal women who have their ovaries surgically removed face an increased risk of developing chronic kidney disease, according to a Mayo Clinic study published on Wednesday, Sept. 19, in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology . (sciencecodex.com)
- That led Mayo Clinic researchers to wonder how removing both ovaries would affect kidney function in premenopausal women. (sciencecodex.com)
- Using the records linkage system of the Rochester Epidemiology Project, the study compared 1,653 premenopausal women living in Olmsted County, Minnesota, who had their ovaries surgically removed prior to 50 to an equal number of women of similar ages who did not have their ovaries removed. (sciencecodex.com)
- Rocca noted that removing both ovaries in premenopausal women can lead to many health problems. (tucson.com)
- For the study, the researchers analyzed data on more than 1,600 premenopausal women in Minnesota who had their ovaries removed before the age of 50. (us.com)
- The gain of this analysis was to assess weight gain in premenopausal women in the galn year after hysterectomy compared removed a control group of weight with intact uteri and ovaries. (caecongioloo.ml)
- Ovary removal is commonly used in premenopausal women as a preventive measure against the development of ovarian cancer, but researchers now recommend this practice to be discontinued if women are not at high risk. (ovariancancernewstoday.com)
- According to a new Mayo Clinic study, Ovary removal may increase the risk of chronic kidney disease, CKD among Premenopausal women. (medicaldialogues.in)
- A Mayo Clinic research team has found evidence suggesting that the controversial practice of ovary removal in premenopausal women to prevent ovarian cancer should be discontinued in women who are not at high risk of cancer. (news-medical.net)
- 1 percent were later diagnosed with ovarian cancer that showed up in cells missed by surgeons, compared to 6 percent of the women who kept their ovaries. (goldsea.com)
- 11 percent were diagnosed with breast cancer, compared to 19 percent of the women who kept their ovaries. (goldsea.com)
- The analysis found that 9 percent fewer women whose ovaries had been removed between ages 50 and 54 lived to see their 80th birthdays than did those who had hysterectomies during those years but who had kept their ovaries. (athenainstitute.com)
- In addition, women who had hysterectomies but who kept their ovaries reduced their chances of developing ovarian cancer by 40 percent compared with women who did not have hysterectomies. (athenainstitute.com)
- After excluding all cancer deaths, females that kept their ovaries the longest were 9 times more likely to reach exceptional longevity than females with shortest ovary exposure. (webcanine.com)
- As a result, longevity was cut short in women who lost their ovaries before the age of 50 compared with those who kept their ovaries for at least 50 years. (webcanine.com)
- Dr Ashok's Laser Hair Removal, Weight Loss & Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) Care Clinic. (drashoklaserclinic.co.uk)
- PCOS is a short for polycystic ovary syndrome. (steadyhealth.com)
- What are the signs and symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)? (medscape.com)
- Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a set of symptoms due to elevated androgens (male hormones) in females. (wikipedia.org)
- Ovary shutdown can cause intense menopausal symptoms, as ovary removal does - but it is reversible. (breastcancer.org)
- When HRT became less popular for the treatment of menopausal symptoms, removing ovaries from females with no family history of ovarian cancer became a controversial subject. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- In this group of women - who have BRCA1/2 mutations and who have had their ovaries removed while they are quite young - HRT should be discussed and considered an option for treating menopausal symptoms. (healthcanal.com)
- WASHINGTON - For women who carry a notorious cancer gene, surgery to remove healthy ovaries is one of the most protective steps they can take. (pressherald.com)
- Surgery to remove healthy ovaries gives a triple benefit to high-risk women: It lowers their threat of breast and ovarian cancer, and boosts their chances of living longer, new research suggests. (goldsea.com)
- Cutler reported in a scientific journal back in 1984 that the practice of removing healthy ovaries could not withstand scientific scrutiny, but the controversy persisted. (athenainstitute.com)
- Katherine Henderson, the study's lead author and an assistant research professor at the Beckman Research Institute of the City of Hope National Medical Center in California, told Reuters Health the study aimed to address a concern raised by a few past studies suggesting bilateral oophorectomies, the surgery to remove both ovaries, were linked with an increased risk of death. (lifescript.com)
- Women were considered menopausal if their menstrual periods had stopped naturally, surgically (by hysterectomy with bilateral surgical ovary removal) or because of radiation or chemotherapy. (bio-medicine.org)
- Last week I underwent surgery laparoscopic bilateral removal of the uterus. (rin.ru)
- A study to be published soon shows that breast cancer patients who have a hysterectomy and a bilateral salpingo-oohorectomy (BSO) had a 30% increased chance of survival compared to those who preserved uterus and ovaries. (obermair.info)
- Some women take medication that temporarily shuts down the ovaries' production of estrogen. (breastcancer.org)
- Once the medication is stopped, the ovaries start producing estrogen again. (breastcancer.org)
- In the past, low-dose radiation therapy was used to permanently stop estrogen production by the ovaries, but this practice generally is not used any more. (breastcancer.org)
- When the ovaries are gone, ovarian production of estrogen stops, said Bove. (newsmax.com)
- SAN DIEGO - Elective removal of an ovary for fibroids or other causes increases a woman's risk of dementia later in life, apparently because of a premature change in estrogen production, a Mayo investigator reported here. (medpagetoday.com)
- Postmenopausal ovaries continue to produce significant amounts of the androgens testosterone and androstenedione, which are converted to estrogen. (elsevier.com)
- What is concerning, however, is the fact that, although associations exist, adverse experiences and abuse do not appear to have been part of the physician-patient conversation when the decision was made to remove the essential estrogen-producing ovaries," she added. (tucson.com)
- In this study, researchers aimed to address if ovary removal could accelerate the accumulation of multiple chronic diseases, and whether estrogen therapy could modify this accumulation. (ovariancancernewstoday.com)
- Ovaries are located in the lower abdomen and produces eggs and hormones estrogen and progesterone. (guruhospitals.com)
- Increasing estrogen after half ovary removal? (paleohacks.com)
- Removing your ovaries reduces the amount estrogen' estrogren strengthens bones. (cosabreast.com)
- Your ovaries make estrogen . (webmd.com)
- Most patients who are found to have a BRCA mutation are interested in meeting with a gynecologist or gynecologic oncologist to discuss risk-reducing removal of the ovaries and fallopian tubes," said Christine Bruha, a certified genetic counselor at Moffitt Cancer Center in Florida. (medicaldaily.com)
- So for years, doctors have advised BRCA carriers to have their ovaries removed between the ages of 35 and 40, or when women are finished having children. (pressherald.com)
- Specialists say more than two-thirds of BRCA carriers undergo ovary removal at some point, compared with about one-third who choose a preventive mastectomy. (pressherald.com)
- This study did not clarify whether the women who did not carry the BRCA mutations underwent removal of their ovaries solely to reduce cancer risk. (emaxhealth.com)
- New research confirms that another kind of surgery, removing ovaries, is one of the most protective steps women who inherit faulty BRCA genes can take. (mintpressnews.com)
- Results of the prospective study indicated that women with BRCA mutations who had their ovaries removed and took short-term HRT had a decrease in the risk of developing breast cancer. (healthcanal.com)
- Research has shown that in women who carry the BRCA mutations, the single most powerful risk-reduction strategy is to have their ovaries surgically removed by their mid-30s or early 40s. (healthcanal.com)
- These results highlight the need for physicians to discuss the potential increased risk for chronic kidney disease with women considering having their ovaries removed, according to Dr. Rocca. (sciencecodex.com)
- Though the study did not prove cause and effect, women considering having their ovaries removed should be aware of this potentially serious risk, particularly if they aren't at high risk for ovarian and breast cancer, the researchers added. (us.com)
- I suffer from depression, skin break outs, irregular periods and I know from before that my ovaries are polycystic. (steadyhealth.com)
- It means that you have small cysts on your ovaries, but again there are women with no polycystic ovaries, but have symptoms of syndrome. (steadyhealth.com)
- Polycystic Ovaries. (steadyhealth.com)
- Coronary heart disease risk factors in women with polycystic ovary syndrome. (medscape.com)
- These gynecological symptoms may lead the women and their gynecologists to opt for removal of the reproductive organs at a young age -- even when these organs are completely normal," she said in a clinic news release. (tucson.com)
- The sixth was full cyst on ovary symptoms and treatment of gold coin. (forenworld.net)
- Hysterectomy is the surgical removal of the uterus. (facingourrisk.org)
- Surgical removal of wisdom teeth often just a sham. (naturalnews.com)
- Myomectomy is the surgical removal of uterine fibroids without the removal of the uterus. (unc.edu)
- Learn in-depth information on Serous Carcinoma of Endometrium a surgical removal of the uterus (where possible) may help eliminate the. (villa-agata.eu)
- Sometimes, surgery to remove the ovaries is also performed during hysterectomy , or the surgical removal of the uterus. (webmd.com)
- In this article we have discussed about how to lose weight after hysterectomy and ovary removal . (guide2fit.co.uk)
- Does Hysterectomy and Ovary Removal Have Any Effect on Your Lose Weight? (guide2fit.co.uk)
- If you have noticed sudden weight loss after hysterectomy and ovary removal, than you need to follow up with your doctor for better consultancy. (guide2fit.co.uk)
- abdominal hysterectomy and ovary removal 9 months ago and just been told that I still have high oestrogen. (healthunlocked.com)
- If both the fallopian tubes and ovaries are removed it will make the patient infertile. (guruhospitals.com)
- The surgeon may or may not recommend removing the fallopian tubes and ovaries. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- The surgeon will remove the uterus and possibly other pelvic organs, for example the fallopian tubes, and ovaries, through small incisions in the upper portion of the vagina or the abdomen. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Although prophylactic ovary removal significantly reduces the risk of ovarian cancer, it cannot completely eliminate the risk of developing an ovarian-cancer-like illness called primary peritoneal cancer. (breastcancer.org)
- Removing the ovaries and fallopian tubes is the only proven strategy for significantly reducing ovarian cancer risk. (breastcancer.org)
- Prophylactic mastectomy , or removal of the breasts, has the most dramatic impact on breast cancer risk. (breastcancer.org)
- Reasons for these surgeries may include fibroids (noncancerous uterine tumors), endometriosis (growth of uterine tissue outside the womb), cancer of the uterus and ovaries, and abnormal vaginal bleeding. (newsmax.com)
- A woman who has a hysterectomy which includes the removal of the ovaries has a reduced risk of developing ovarian cancer , and no higher risk of developing other types of cancer , heart disease or hip fractures , researchers from the University of California at San Francisco revealed in the journal Archives of Internal Medicine . (medicalnewstoday.com)
- They found that ovarian cancer developed in 1 in every 300 women who just had a hysterectomy, compared to 1 in 5,000 who had their ovaries removed too. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Cancer prevention usually involves the removal of both ovaries. (medicaldaily.com)
- Waiting until age 40 for ovary removal, as many women with BRCA1 do today, makes a very small difference, stressed Dr. Claudine Isaacs, an oncologist and cancer risk specialist at Georgetown University's Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, who wasn't involved in the new research. (pressherald.com)
- Ovary removal reduced cancer risk by 80 percent. (pressherald.com)
- Interestingly, removing the ovaries can reduce the risk of breast cancer as well by affecting hormone levels in the body - and Narod found the surgery increased women's chances of survival even if they already had developed breast cancer. (pressherald.com)
- In women not at high risk for development of ovarian or breast cancer, removing the ovaries at the time of hysterectomy should be approached with caution. (elsevier.com)
- Lindsay's choice to get a preventative double mastectomy reduced her breast cancer risk by about 90 percent-but as long as her ovaries were still intact, her risk for ovarian cancer was still high. (womenshealthmag.com)
- Angelina Jolie underwent the removal of her ovaries and fallopian tubes last week after receiving news that she could be displaying the early signs of cancer. (instyle.com)
- Taking out both ovaries is thought to reduce a woman's chance of developing ovarian cancer, which is hard to test for and catch in its early stages. (lifescript.com)
- Jacoby told Reuters Health that studying an association between the removal of ovaries and death from heart disease or cancer is hard for several reasons. (lifescript.com)
- Some of these women undergo removal of their ovaries and fallopian tubes (salpingo-ophorectomy) to reduce the risk of ovarian cancer. (emaxhealth.com)
- Rudnick's glad to hear ovary removal may reduce her risk of breast cancer as well as ovarian cancer. (goldsea.com)
- For women who do not have an increased genetic risk for breast and ovarian cancer, we recommend against the removal of the ovaries as a preventive option due to the increased risk of diseases, including chronic kidney disease and the increased risk of death," Dr. Rocca says. (sciencecodex.com)
- The ovaries were removed for reasons other than cancer or a genetic risk of developing it. (tucson.com)
- The researchers discourage surgeons from offering ovary removal as a preventive option for women who do not have cancer or gene changes that are likely to cause it. (tucson.com)
- A new study suggests having surgery to remove ovaries in patients that have a cancer gene. (nbcmiami.com)
- According to new study, younger women with initial stages of endometrial cancer need not go for ovary removal and lose their ovaries as a result of cancer treatment. (onlinecancerguide.com)
- Studies till date have found no difference between survival rate for five years in women who've lost their ovaries or those who did not for endometrial cancer treatment. (onlinecancerguide.com)
- The analysis covered several thousand women who took part in a U.S. government-sponsored multiyear national health study, and excluded women whose ovaries were removed due to cancer. (jhu.edu)
- Women having hysterectomies for these benign conditions may have their ovaries removed at the same time, believing that the additional step will reduce cancer risk, according to Visvanathan. (jhu.edu)
- This really validates for those of us who take care of women who have a high-risk BRCA1 … gene, that removing the ovaries and fallopian tubes really does have a positive impact on that woman, reduces her risk of ovarian cancer tremendously and also improves her survival," Dr. Ursula Matulonis of the Dana Farber Cancer Institute in Boston, who was not involved in the study, told NBC News. (mintpressnews.com)
- Women with BRCA1/2 mutations should have their ovaries removed following child-bearing because this is the single best intervention to improve survival," says lead author Susan M. Domchek, MD , an associate professor in the division of Hematology-Oncology and director of the Cancer Risk Evaluation Program at Penn's Abramson Cancer Center . (healthcanal.com)
- So, the daughter of a famous rock singer Ozzy Osbourne Kelly announced that it expects to remove the ovaries , as she has a high risk of getting cancer. (rin.ru)
- There was a small benign tumor on one ovary, but no indicators of cancer in any other tissue", - said the actress. (rin.ru)
- It has been medical practice to remove the ovaries of a woman older than 40 or 45 who has a hysterectomy, to eliminate the risk of ovarian cancer, an uncommon but particularly lethal disease. (athenainstitute.com)
- Women without ovaries cannot have ovarian cancer. (athenainstitute.com)
- One of the risks of leaving ovaries in is a small risk of ovarian cancer, but if you remove your ovaries, there now appears to be a larger risk of heart disease and hip fractures. (athenainstitute.com)
- Nobody questions the need for a hysterectomy, removal of the uterus, when cancer threatens. (athenainstitute.com)
- The ovaries can usually be left intact among women who have a normal risk of cancer, but the medical attitude has often been: ''When in doubt, take them out. (athenainstitute.com)
- The latest federal data, from the late 1990s, have found that 78 percent of women between ages 45 and 64 who undergo a hysterectomy have their ovaries taken out as well, though most are not at particular risk for ovarian cancer. (athenainstitute.com)
- The study involved 458 Seattle-area women who reported a BRCA1/2 mutation and/or a personal or family history of breast cancer, no prior ovarian cancer diagnosis and no prior preventive ovary-removal surgery. (fredhutch.org)
- The age of a patient, her hormones, risk of heart disease and endometriosis, ovarian cysts or a family history of developing ovarian or colon cancer, and scar tissue are key considerations when determining if ovaries should be removed during a hysterectomy. (ogdenclinic.com)
- We found, however, that by conducting a subgroup analysis that excluded all dogs that died of cancer, the strong association between intact ovaries and exceptional longevity persisted. (webcanine.com)
- In some cases the ovaries are removed in advance to prevent the possibility of future cancer infliction to the ovaries. (guruhospitals.com)
- If the tubes or the ovary is inflicted with cysts, tumors, cancer etc. the only way to rescue the patient is the removal of the affected parts. (guruhospitals.com)
- Joles Nation: Is Ovary Removal Tied to Colon Cancer Risk? (blogspot.com)
- Loss of female hormones may explain potential association, researchers say Is Ovary Removal Tied to Colon Cancer Risk? (blogspot.com)
- Reasons for oopherectomy include having or wanting to reduce the risk of ovarian cancer, endometriosis, ovarian torsion (twisting of the ovary) and other benign cycts. (northside.com)
- A patient could develop a cancer that looks and acts identical to ovarian cancer can develop after the ovaries and fallopian tubes are removed- termed a primary peritoneal carcinoma. (cosabreast.com)
- Some of those poor breast cancer women even had a hysterectomy and had their ovaries preserved. (obermair.info)
- I asked myself if these women could have not only survived their breast cancer but they could have also prevented another gynaecological cancer if they had their uterus, tubes and ovaries removed? (obermair.info)
- We wanted to explore if the "prophylactic" (surgery not related to the treatment of gyn cancer) removal of uterus, tubes and ovaries had an impact on the incidence of gynaecological cancer and if that impact was strong enough to reflect in survival chances. (obermair.info)
- In non-breast cancer patients, it is generally advised to preserve the ovaries in order to spare our patients hormone-depletion effects. (obermair.info)
- Women with certain genetic mutations that greatly raise their risk of breast and ovarian cancer can cut the risk by as much as 80 percent if they get their ovaries removed by age 35, a new study suggests. (nbcnews.com)
- The women who had their ovaries taken out lowered their risk of ovarian cancer by 80 percent, the researchers found. (nbcnews.com)
- One way to avoid ovarian cancer is their removal. (israel-clinics.guru)
- In addition, the practice of removal of the fallopian tubes, as studies have shown that cancer develops in them. (israel-clinics.guru)
- Abroad, removal is often recommended to women after 50 years as a preventive measure for the development of oncology. (ladyland98.com)
- And if mastectomy can be avoided by starting treatment on time, ovariectomy (preventive removal of the ovaries) is better to spend before it becomes permanent. (israel-clinics.guru)
- So the doctors suggest that preventive removal of the ovaries for 10 years before the disease was detected in other family members. (israel-clinics.guru)
- Women who have their ovaries surgically removed have an increased long-term risk of chronic kidney disease," says Walter Rocca, M.D., a Mayo Clinic neurologist and epidemiologist, and senior author. (sciencecodex.com)
- This is one of the largest national studies, to my knowledge, that highlights the difference in bone-mineral density in women who have their ovaries removed at a young age. (jhu.edu)
- Also, if you only have ovaries removed, then you will need progesterone in your HRT to protect the womb lining. (pmsforum.co.uk)
- Your ovaries are small almond-shaped organs on each side of the uterus (womb) in your pelvis. (parkwayeast.com.sg)
- The surgeon can then look around inside and get a very good view of everything there, especially all the reproductive organs, especially the womb, ovaries, and tubes. (unc.edu)
- Among the 600,000 American women who have hysterectomies (click for more research) each year, thousands may die prematurely of heart disease because doctors removed their ovaries along with their wombs, a new study suggests. (athenainstitute.com)
- But the study, which is being published today in the journal Obstetrics & Gynecology, suggests that women and their doctors should be less reflexive about removing the ovaries during a hysterectomy and more aware of the benefits that ovaries continue to provide well into middle age. (athenainstitute.com)
- Even though the name suggests that the ovaries are central to disease pathology, cysts are a symptom instead of the cause of the disease. (wikipedia.org)
- A 2006 Mayo Clinic study of more than 2,500 women found that women under 45 who had ovary removal without hormone replacement therapy were at increased risk of dying from a range of medical conditions later in life. (breastcancer.org)
- thus, removal of the ovaries at the time of an indicated hysterectomy does not significantly increase the surgical risk. (emaxhealth.com)
- Mayo Clinic researchers found that women who had their ovaries removed had a 6.6 percent higher risk of developing chronic kidney disease, compared to those who did not. (sciencecodex.com)
- Those who had their ovaries removed before 46 had a 7.5 percent increased risk of chronic kidney disease. (sciencecodex.com)
- McCarthy examined arthritis risk, too, and found that 48 percent of women who had oophorectomies before age 45 reported an arthritis diagnosis, compared with only 32 percent for those with intact ovaries. (jhu.edu)
- In a study recently published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, researchers found that the risk of developing breast and ovarian cancers can be reduced by as much as 80 percent if a woman with the genetic mutation has her ovaries removed by age 35. (mintpressnews.com)
- And women's excess risk of premature death is fourfold higher if they have a family history of heart disease and have their ovaries removed before the age of 45. (ausdoc.com.au)
- After following the women for a median of 14 years, the researchers found the women who had ovary removal had a 6.6 percent greater risk for chronic kidney disease than those who didn't. (us.com)
- For women younger than 46 at the time of ovary removal, there was a 7.5 percent greater risk for kidney damage later. (us.com)
- A simple explanation for the observation that ovaries promote longevity would be that taking away ovaries increases the risk for a major lethal disease. (webcanine.com)
- Heavier women and women who have had weight fluctuations throughout adulthood may be at greater risk for postsurgical weight ovary, suggesting that lifestyle interventions to maintain or lose weight may removed particularly helpful for these women in the months following hysterectomy. (caecongioloo.ml)
- In some cases, ovary and fallopian tube removal may be recommended to prevent some ovarian or fallopian tube cancers in women who are at higher risk. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- However, some considerations may impact the decision to remove the uterus with the ovaries and fallopian tubes. (facingourrisk.org)
- Since then, prophylactic surgeries-both mastectomies to remove the breasts as well as oophorectomies to remove the ovaries and fallopian tubes-have become more mainstream. (womenshealthmag.com)
- They are very likely to want to remove the offending ovary this time as it has been the same one both times. (mumsnet.com)
- Recognition of Angelina Jolie in surgery to remove the ovaries produced a notable result of around the world. (rin.ru)
- She announced that similarly to that of Angelina Jolie, wants to do surgery to remove the ovaries . (rin.ru)
- Do I need to remove my ovaries during hysterectomy? (ogdenclinic.com)
- To remove or not remove the ovaries is a commonly asked question by women considering a hysterectomy. (ogdenclinic.com)
- Surgery may also be needed to detach adhesions around the ovaries or to remove a fallopian tube blocked with fluid. (clinichelena.com)
- If a woman underwent an operation to remove the uterus and ovaries, she could be given a disability. (ladyland98.com)
- My consultant said I can't have any more which I'm gutted about, she has mentioned that surgery to remove ovaries is a possibility and this is what I'm going back for today. (pmsforum.co.uk)
- There are many reasons your doctor may recommend surgery to remove your ovaries. (webmd.com)
- Usually, surgery to remove ovaries requires general anesthesia, so you will not be awake. (webmd.com)
- This will allow him to see your ovaries, to separate each one from other tissues and the arteries that supply blood , and then remove them. (webmd.com)
- Your doctor, who is always in control of the robotic device, will then use the robot's specialized instrument arms to remove the ovaries. (webmd.com)
- After ovary removal, some women experience depression or anxiety about their loss of fertility. (breastcancer.org)
- One ovary is enough to avoid changes in fertility potential and hormonal function," said Dr. Matthew T. Siedhoff, a gynecologic surgeon at Cedars-Sinai in Los Angeles. (medicaldaily.com)
- I am now 34, single and extremely worried about losing the other ovary, the cysts returning and fertility limitations. (alternativesurgery.com)
- We describe the unique technical nuances of removing a tiny ovary without damaging it, since it needs to be preserved in the purest form for future transplantation when the patient is ready to pursue pregnancy," says lead author Erin Rowell, MD , Director of the Fertility and Hormone Preservation and Restoration Program at Lurie Children's and Associate Professor of Surgery at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine. (luriechildrens.org)
- If fertility issues exist, a woman with one ovary can receive treatment just like any other woman. (drjohnzhang.com)
- So, if you are suffering from any problem that requires the removal of your uterus, then Mathrutva Fertility Hospitals are the best place to rely on. (mathrutva.in)
- But we found no evidence that factors which may influence a pet owner's decision on age at ovary removal â€" for example, earlier ovariectomy in dogs with substandard conformation or delayed ovariectomy to obtain more offspring in daughters of long-lived mothers â€" could adequately account for the strong association. (webcanine.com)
- The fallopian tubes connect the uterus to the ovaries and are attached to both organs. (facingourrisk.org)
- In fact, researchers urged women with the BRCA1 mutation to have their ovaries and fallopian tubes removed before age 40, or ideally by age 35 in one 2018 Gynecologic Oncology study. (womenshealthmag.com)
- While Gregg wanted Lindsay to have her ovaries and fallopian tubes removed as soon as physically possible following Jack's birth, Lindsay decided she needed at least six months of recovery before putting her body through additional trauma. (womenshealthmag.com)
- Earlier in the article for the newspaper The New York Times Angelina Jolie said excised ovaries and fallopian tubes. (rin.ru)
- Fallopian tubes connect ovaries to uterus. (guruhospitals.com)
- But sometimes, the endometrium grows outside its confines of the uterine cavity along the fallopian tubes or the ovary itself. (medifee.com)
- The fallopian tubes, which carry eggs released by the ovaries into the uterus, are usually removed at the same time as the ovaries. (pai.co.th)
- The ovaries and fallopian tubes may or may not also be considered for removal, depending on individual health circumstances. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- The general guidance for this code is that it is used for removal of uterine tubes and ovaries. (medpricemonkey.com)
- This is because the ovaries and fallopian tubes share a common blood supply. (parkwayeast.com.sg)
- After a couple of years after mastectomy, Jolie spent and the removal of ovary together with the fallopian tubes. (israel-clinics.guru)
- Depending on the medical condition you're treated for, you may just have one ovary removed, both ovaries removed, or both ovaries removed as well as your fallopian tubes. (webmd.com)
- Prophylactic ovary removal is permanent and irreversible. (breastcancer.org)
- Women who undergo prophylactic ovary removal can no longer have children. (breastcancer.org)
- It's also important to seek a second opinion about whether or not prophylactic ovary removal is a strategy that works for the whole you - your medical situation and your quality of life. (breastcancer.org)
- So, Lindsay had her eggs frozen at 30, figuring if she didn't find Mr. Right she'd have a baby on her own, and still have her ovaries removed by around the time she was 35. (womenshealthmag.com)
- Or, the oocytes (immature eggs) in the ovary may be matured into eggs for in-vitro fertilization. (luriechildrens.org)
- When only one ovary is removed, a woman is still able to become pregnant as her remaining ovary will continue to produce eggs and ovulate. (drjohnzhang.com)
- Ovaries help a woman to store and release the eggs. (smilebabyivfs.in)