An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
The location of the maxillary and the mandibular condyles when they are in their most posterior and superior positions in their fossae of the temporomandibular joint.
Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
The interactions between parent and child.
Interaction between a mother and child.
Relations of an individual, association, organization, hospital, or corporation with the publics which it must take into consideration in carrying out its functions. Publics may include consumers, patients, pressure groups, departments, etc.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.
The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.
An infant during the first month after birth.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.
Behavioral, psychological, and social relations among various members of the nuclear family and the extended family.
Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.
The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.
Contractile activity of the MYOCARDIUM.
A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.
The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.
Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
An imbalance between myocardial functional requirements and the capacity of the CORONARY VESSELS to supply sufficient blood flow. It is a form of MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA (insufficient blood supply to the heart muscle) caused by a decreased capacity of the coronary vessels.
The hollow, muscular organ that maintains the circulation of the blood.
Country located in EUROPE. It is bordered by the NORTH SEA, BELGIUM, and GERMANY. Constituent areas are Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, formerly included in the NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.
The science and art of collecting, summarizing, and analyzing data that are subject to random variation. The term is also applied to the data themselves and to the summarization of the data.
The physical characteristics of the body, including the mode of performance of functions, the activity of metabolic processes, the manner and degree of reactions to stimuli, and power of resistance to the attack of pathogenic organisms.
Statistical models used in survival analysis that assert that the effect of the study factors on the hazard rate in the study population is multiplicative and does not change over time.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
A range of values for a variable of interest, e.g., a rate, constructed so that this range has a specified probability of including the true value of the variable.
The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.
Those characteristics that distinguish one SEX from the other. The primary sex characteristics are the OVARIES and TESTES and their related hormones. Secondary sex characteristics are those which are masculine or feminine but not directly related to reproduction.
A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)
Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.
A basic element found in nearly all organized tissues. It is a member of the alkaline earth family of metals with the atomic symbol Ca, atomic number 20, and atomic weight 40. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body and combines with phosphorus to form calcium phosphate in the bones and teeth. It is essential for the normal functioning of nerves and muscles and plays a role in blood coagulation (as factor IV) and in many enzymatic processes.
Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.
The lower right and left chambers of the heart. The right ventricle pumps venous BLOOD into the LUNGS and the left ventricle pumps oxygenated blood into the systemic arterial circulation.
Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The regular and simultaneous occurrence in a single interbreeding population of two or more discontinuous genotypes. The concept includes differences in genotypes ranging in size from a single nucleotide site (POLYMORPHISM, SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE) to large nucleotide sequences visible at a chromosomal level.
The deductive study of shape, quantity, and dependence. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.
Period of contraction of the HEART, especially of the HEART VENTRICLES.
The relationships between symbols and their meanings.
The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual at BIRTH. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
Interaction between the father and the child.
An element in the alkali group of metals with an atomic symbol K, atomic number 19, and atomic weight 39.10. It is the chief cation in the intracellular fluid of muscle and other cells. Potassium ion is a strong electrolyte that plays a significant role in the regulation of fluid volume and maintenance of the WATER-ELECTROLYTE BALANCE.
The distance from the sole to the crown of the head with body standing on a flat surface and fully extended.
Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.
The number of times the HEART VENTRICLES contract per unit of time, usually per minute.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Factors that can cause or prevent the outcome of interest, are not intermediate variables, and are not associated with the factor(s) under investigation. They give rise to situations in which the effects of two processes are not separated, or the contribution of causal factors cannot be separated, or the measure of the effect of exposure or risk is distorted because of its association with other factors influencing the outcome of the study.
A cognitive process involving the formation of ideas generalized from the knowledge of qualities, aspects, and relations of objects.
Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.
Theoretical representations that simulate psychological processes and/or social processes. These include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Contractile tissue that produces movement in animals.
Post-systolic relaxation of the HEART, especially the HEART VENTRICLES.
The hemodynamic and electrophysiological action of the left HEART VENTRICLE. Its measurement is an important aspect of the clinical evaluation of patients with heart disease to determine the effects of the disease on cardiac performance.
The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.
Learning that is manifested in the ability to respond differentially to various stimuli.
The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.
The domestic cat, Felis catus, of the carnivore family FELIDAE, comprising over 30 different breeds. The domestic cat is descended primarily from the wild cat of Africa and extreme southwestern Asia. Though probably present in towns in Palestine as long ago as 7000 years, actual domestication occurred in Egypt about 4000 years ago. (From Walker's Mammals of the World, 6th ed, p801)
The muscle tissue of the HEART. It is composed of striated, involuntary muscle cells (MYOCYTES, CARDIAC) connected to form the contractile pump to generate blood flow.
Cultural contacts between people of different races.
Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
Abrupt changes in the membrane potential that sweep along the CELL MEMBRANE of excitable cells in response to excitation stimuli.
The voltage differences across a membrane. For cellular membranes they are computed by subtracting the voltage measured outside the membrane from the voltage measured inside the membrane. They result from differences of inside versus outside concentration of potassium, sodium, chloride, and other ions across cells' or ORGANELLES membranes. For excitable cells, the resting membrane potentials range between -30 and -100 millivolts. Physical, chemical, or electrical stimuli can make a membrane potential more negative (hyperpolarization), or less negative (depolarization).
A member of the alkali group of metals. It has the atomic symbol Na, atomic number 11, and atomic weight 23.
Resistance and recovery from distortion of shape.
The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.
A type of stress exerted uniformly in all directions. Its measure is the force exerted per unit area. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A process leading to shortening and/or development of tension in muscle tissue. Muscle contraction occurs by a sliding filament mechanism whereby actin filaments slide inward among the myosin filaments.
Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.
All deaths reported in a given population.
New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.
The rate at which oxygen is used by a tissue; microliters of oxygen STPD used per milligram of tissue per hour; the rate at which oxygen enters the blood from alveolar gas, equal in the steady state to the consumption of oxygen by tissue metabolism throughout the body. (Stedman, 25th ed, p346)
Performing the role of a parent by care-giving, nurturance, and protection of the child by a natural or substitute parent. The parent supports the child by exercising authority and through consistent, empathic, appropriate behavior in response to the child's needs. PARENTING differs from CHILD REARING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the children and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.
The movement and the forces involved in the movement of the blood through the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM.
The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.
Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.
Ultrasonic recording of the size, motion, and composition of the heart and surrounding tissues. The standard approach is transthoracic.
A state of harmony between internal needs and external demands and the processes used in achieving this condition. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of the cardiovascular system, processes, or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers and other electronic equipment.
The relative amounts of various components in the body, such as percentage of body fat.
The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.
A generic term for fats and lipoids, the alcohol-ether-soluble constituents of protoplasm, which are insoluble in water. They comprise the fats, fatty oils, essential oils, waxes, phospholipids, glycolipids, sulfolipids, aminolipids, chromolipids (lipochromes), and fatty acids. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
The hemodynamic and electrophysiological action of the HEART VENTRICLES.
The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
The amount of BLOOD pumped out of the HEART per beat, not to be confused with cardiac output (volume/time). It is calculated as the difference between the end-diastolic volume and the end-systolic volume.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
The continuous sequential physiological and psychological maturing of an individual from birth up to but not including ADOLESCENCE.
Recording of the moment-to-moment electromotive forces of the HEART as projected onto various sites on the body's surface, delineated as a scalar function of time. The recording is monitored by a tracing on slow moving chart paper or by observing it on a cardioscope, which is a CATHODE RAY TUBE DISPLAY.
The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.
Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.
The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.
The study of the generation and behavior of electrical charges in living organisms particularly the nervous system and the effects of electricity on living organisms.
Total number of calories taken in daily whether ingested or by parenteral routes.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
Glucose in blood.
The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.
NECROSIS of the MYOCARDIUM caused by an obstruction of the blood supply to the heart (CORONARY CIRCULATION).
The fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a plant, enclosing the seed or seeds.
Microscopy using an electron beam, instead of light, to visualize the sample, thereby allowing much greater magnification. The interactions of ELECTRONS with specimens are used to provide information about the fine structure of that specimen. In TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY the reactions of the electrons that are transmitted through the specimen are imaged. In SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY an electron beam falls at a non-normal angle on the specimen and the image is derived from the reactions occurring above the plane of the specimen.
The chemical reactions involved in the production and utilization of various forms of energy in cells.
A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.
The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.
Crafts, trades, professions, or other means of earning a living.
Female parents, human or animal.
An order of the class Amphibia, which includes several families of frogs and toads. They are characterized by well developed hind limbs adapted for jumping, fused head and trunk and webbed toes. The term "toad" is ambiguous and is properly applied only to the family Bufonidae.
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
The time from the onset of a stimulus until a response is observed.
The principal sterol of all higher animals, distributed in body tissues, especially the brain and spinal cord, and in animal fats and oils.
Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.
Research techniques that focus on study designs and data gathering methods in human and animal populations.
The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.
A group of cold-blooded, aquatic vertebrates having gills, fins, a cartilaginous or bony endoskeleton, and elongated bodies covered with scales.
Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
The worsening of a disease over time. This concept is most often used for chronic and incurable diseases where the stage of the disease is an important determinant of therapy and prognosis.
The coordination of a sensory or ideational (cognitive) process and a motor activity.
State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.
Feeling or emotion of dread, apprehension, and impending disaster but not disabling as with ANXIETY DISORDERS.
Specialized connective tissue composed of fat cells (ADIPOCYTES). It is the site of stored FATS, usually in the form of TRIGLYCERIDES. In mammals, there are two types of adipose tissue, the WHITE FAT and the BROWN FAT. Their relative distributions vary in different species with most adipose tissue being white.
Focusing on certain aspects of current experience to the exclusion of others. It is the act of heeding or taking notice or concentrating.
Earth or other matter in fine, dry particles. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Behavior which may be manifested by destructive and attacking action which is verbal or physical, by covert attitudes of hostility or by obstructionism.
Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.
The number of offspring a female has borne. It is contrasted with GRAVIDITY, which refers to the number of pregnancies, regardless of outcome.
An element with atomic symbol O, atomic number 8, and atomic weight [15.99903; 15.99977]. It is the most abundant element on earth and essential for respiration.
A value equal to the total volume flow divided by the cross-sectional area of the vascular bed.
A subtype of striated muscle, attached by TENDONS to the SKELETON. Skeletal muscles are innervated and their movement can be consciously controlled. They are also called voluntary muscles.
The feeling-tone accompaniment of an idea or mental representation. It is the most direct psychic derivative of instinct and the psychic representative of the various bodily changes by means of which instincts manifest themselves.
Disturbances in mental processes related to learning, thinking, reasoning, and judgment.
Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).
A latent susceptibility to disease at the genetic level, which may be activated under certain conditions.
A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.
Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.
A 51-amino acid pancreatic hormone that plays a major role in the regulation of glucose metabolism, directly by suppressing endogenous glucose production (GLYCOGENOLYSIS; GLUCONEOGENESIS) and indirectly by suppressing GLUCAGON secretion and LIPOLYSIS. Native insulin is a globular protein comprised of a zinc-coordinated hexamer. Each insulin monomer containing two chains, A (21 residues) and B (30 residues), linked by two disulfide bonds. Insulin is used as a drug to control insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 1).
Acquired or learned food preferences.
Use of electric potential or currents to elicit biological responses.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Africa.
The training or molding of an individual through various relationships, educational agencies, and social controls, which enables him to become a member of a particular society.
A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.
Use of sophisticated analysis tools to sort through, organize, examine, and combine large sets of information.
The act, process, or result of passing from one place or position to another. It differs from LOCOMOTION in that locomotion is restricted to the passing of the whole body from one place to another, while movement encompasses both locomotion but also a change of the position of the whole body or any of its parts. Movement may be used with reference to humans, vertebrate and invertebrate animals, and microorganisms. Differentiate also from MOTOR ACTIVITY, movement associated with behavior.
Behavior-response patterns that characterize the individual.
A form of bronchial disorder with three distinct components: airway hyper-responsiveness (RESPIRATORY HYPERSENSITIVITY), airway INFLAMMATION, and intermittent AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION. It is characterized by spasmodic contraction of airway smooth muscle, WHEEZING, and dyspnea (DYSPNEA, PAROXYSMAL).
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Relation between Kelvin's statement and Planck's propositionEdit. It is almost customary in textbooks to speak of the "Kelvin- ... but attributes it to Kelvin without mention of Planck.[28] One monograph quotes Planck's proposition as the "Kelvin-Planck" ... Planck's principleEdit. In 1926, Max Planck wrote an important paper on the basics of thermodynamics.[39][41] He indicated the ... Planck's statementEdit. Planck stated the second law as follows.. Every process occurring in nature proceeds in the sense in ...
... and the Planck-Einstein relation. The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and The Virgo Collaboration (2016). "An improved analysis ... Max Planck Society. Retrieved 11 February 2016. Sarah Scoles (11 February 2016). "LIGO's First-Ever Detection of Gravitational ... Max Planck Society. 2016. Retrieved 24 February 2016. Camp, Jordan B.; Cornish, Neil J. (2004). "Gravitational wave astronomy ... GW150914 data release by the LIGO Open Science Center Gravitational wave modelling of GW150914 by the Max Planck Institute for ...
The Crimea Crisis - An International Law Perspective Marxsen, Christian (2014). Max-Planck-Institut. Retrieved August 1, 2017 ... ". "Why the Crimean Referendum Is Illegitimate". Council on Foreign Relations. Retrieved August 23, 2020. "Парламент Крыма ...
Max Planck Institute for the History of Science, Berlin. Retrieved 29 September 2018. "Arrighetti Niccolo". l'Accademia delle ... 174-. ISBN 978-0-8020-7585-7. "Contents of the Manuscript and its relation to the Discorsi". Galileo Galilei's Notes in Motion ...
... of the quanta that are emitted by this transition between two different energy levels is given by the Planck-Einstein relation ... 5.87433 µeV that when applied in the Planck equation gives:. λ. =. 1. ν. ⋅. c. =. h. E. ⋅. c. =. 4.1357. ⋅. 10. −. 15. eV. s. ... According to that relation, the photon energy of a 1,420,405,751.7667 Hz photon is ~ 5.87433 µeV. The constant of ... where h, is the Planck constant and c is the speed of light. ...
University Relations - Communications (22 January 2015). "In Memoriam: Marvin D. Girardeau". uaatwork.arizona.edu. Arizona ... His 1984-86 tenure at the Max Planck Institut für Strahlenchemie, Mühlheim/Ruhr, Germany, followed. In 2013, Marvin was ...
The Planck's relation was originally derived based on phenomenological considerations rather than from first principles. ... One of his works examined the physical meaning of the Planck's constant based on the Maxwell theory. The Planck's constant h is ... Follow this work, the Planck's constant is derived explicitly. It suggests that the Planck's constant is closely related to the ... Chang, Donald C (2017). "Physical interpretation of Planck's constant based on the Maxwell theory". Chinese Physics B. 26 (4): ...
9 International Relations and Legal Cooperation in General Diplomacy and Consular Relations. Amsterdam: North-Holland. pp. 26 ... Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law (eds.). Encyclopedia of Public International Law. ... Alexander Anievas also puts the blame of the start of the First World War on the decline of relations between the European ... Council on Foreign Relations. 26 (3). Archived from the original on 25 November 2018. Retrieved 5 October 2020. "German White ...
9 International Relations and Legal Cooperation in General Diplomacy and Consular Relations. Amsterdam: North-Holland. p. 24. ... Hartwig, Matthias (12 May 2014). "Colour books". In Bernhardt, Rudolf; Bindschedler, Rudolf; Max Planck Institute for ... The détente was driven by Britain's desire for imperial security in relation to France in North Africa and to Russia in Persia ... Council on Foreign Relations. 26 (3): 516-536. doi:10.2307/20028790. JSTOR 20028790. Archived from the original on 25 November ...
9 International Relations and Legal Cooperation in General Diplomacy and Consular Relations. Amsterdam: North-Holland. ISBN 978 ... Hartwig, Matthias (12 May 2014). "Colour books". In Bernhardt, Rudolf; Bindschedler, Rudolf; Max Planck Institute for ...
9 International Relations and Legal Cooperation in General Diplomacy and Consular Relations. Amsterdam: North-Holland. pp. 26 ... Hartwig, Matthias (12 May 2014). "Colour books". In Bernhardt, Rudolf; Bindschedler, Rudolf; Max Planck Institute for ... Council on Foreign Relations. 26 (3). Archived from the original on 25 November 2018. Retrieved 5 October 2020. "German White ...
9 International Relations and Legal Cooperation in General Diplomacy and Consular Relations. Amsterdam: North-Holland. p. 24. ... Hartwig, Matthias (12 May 2014). "Colour books". In Bernhardt, Rudolf; Bindschedler, Rudolf; Max Planck Institute for ... However, relations with Germany had been excellent, involving investment aid in financing, and assistance for the Turkish army ... Council on Foreign Relations. 26 (3): 516. doi:10.2307/20028790. JSTOR 20028790. Archived from the original on 25 November 2018 ...
9 International Relations and Legal Cooperation in General Diplomacy and Consular Relations. Amsterdam: North-Holland. ISBN 978 ... Hartwig, Matthias (12 May 2014). "Colour books". In Bernhardt, Rudolf; Bindschedler, Rudolf; Max Planck Institute for ... five-power relations between Austria and France, England, Prussia, and Russia, as well as relations with the east (Greece, ... Council on Foreign Relations. 26 (3): 516-536. doi:10.2307/20028790. JSTOR 20028790. Archived from the original on 25 November ...
There is a good approximate "Theory of everything" relation between the gravitational constant and the Planck constant in terms ... M. Kalinski (2021). "QED-like high order perturbative relation between the Gravitational constant G and the Planck constant h ... John Michell (1753). He used a horizontal torsion beam with lead balls whose inertia (in relation to the torsion constant) he ... In the Einstein field equations, it quantifies the relation between the geometry of spacetime and the energy-momentum tensor ( ...
Since 2019, he has been the president of the German Council on Foreign Relations (DGAP). The son of a shepherd, Enders studied ... Member of the Advisory Council Max Planck Society, Member of the Senate (since 2014) Munich Security Conference, Member of the ... In 1988, he worked as a researcher at the German Council on Foreign Relations (DGAP) in Bonn and at the International Institute ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Steering Committee German Council on Foreign Relations (DGAP). Advisory Council ...
The most common examples are: where Note that the use of the terms "Massieu" and "Planck" for explicit Massieu-Planck ... The Onsager reciprocal relations in particular, are developed in terms of entropic potentials. In mathematics, free entropy ... Also known as a Massieu, Planck, or Massieu-Planck potentials (or functions), or (rarely) free information. In statistical ... In particular "Planck potential" has alternative meanings. The most standard notation for an entropic potential is ψ {\ ...
Planck, M. (1914). The Theory of Heat Radiation, second edition translated by M. Masius, P. Blakiston's Son and Co., ... Kirchhoff, G. (1860). On the Relation between the Radiating and Absorbing Powers of different Bodies for Light and Heat, Ann. ... Kirchhoff, G. (1860). On the Relation between the Radiating and Absorbing Powers of different Bodies for Light and Heat, Ann. ... In his magisterial proof of the validity of Kirchhoff's law of equality of radiative emissivity and absorptivity, Planck makes ...
The emergence of virtual black holes at the Planck scale is a consequence of the uncertainty relation Δ R μ Δ x μ ≥ ℓ P 2 = ℏ G ... These uncertainty relations are another form of Heisenberg's uncertainty principle at the Planck scale. If virtual black holes ... is the Planck length, ℏ {\displaystyle \hbar } is the Planck constant, G {\displaystyle G} is Newton's gravitational constant, ... lifetime around the Planck time, and occur with a number density of approximately one per Planck volume. ...
A spectroscopic wavenumber can be converted into energy per photon E by Planck's relation: E = h c ν ~ . {\displaystyle E=hc{\ ... For quantum mechanical waves, the wavenumber multiplied by the reduced Planck's constant is the canonical momentum. Wavenumber ... ħ is the reduced Planck constant, and c is the speed of light in a vacuum. For the special case of a matter wave, for example ... is known as a dispersion relation. For the special case of an electromagnetic wave in a vacuum, in which the wave propagates at ...
Ferreira, Pedro G.; Hill, Christopher T.; Ross, Graham G. (2017-02-08). "Weyl current, scale-invariant inflation, and Planck ... Connes, A; Rovelli, C (1 December 1994). "Von Neumann algebra automorphisms and time-thermodynamics relation in generally ...
The properties of spacetime at ultrashort distances of the order of the Planck length are completely unknown since they have ... Jizba, P.; Kleinert, H.; Scardigli, F. (2010). "Uncertainty Relation on World Crystal and its Applications to Micro Black Holes ... The existence of a shortest length at the Planck level has interesting consequences for quantum physics at ultrahigh energies. ... ISBN 978-981-279-170-2. Danielewski, M. (2005). "Defects and Diffusion in the Planck-Kleinert Crystal: The Matter, Gravity, and ...
He was awarded the Max Planck Medal in 1994. Among his students is Jakob Yngvason. Borchers, Hans-Jürgen (1996), Translation ... He introduced Borchers algebras and the Borchers commutation relations and Borchers classes in quantum field theory. ...
Quantum mechanics - branch of physics dealing with physical phenomena where the action is on the order of the Planck constant. ... History of thermodynamics - history of the branch of physical science concerned with heat and its relation to other forms of ... Quantum physics - branch of physics dealing with physical phenomena where the action is on the order of the Planck constant. ... Thermodynamics - branch of physical science concerned with heat and its relation to other forms of energy and work. Nuclear ...
... between the energy involved in the electronic transition and the frequency of radiation is given by Planck's relation. The ...
The Planck-Einstein relation for the energy for photons is given by the equation E = hf, where h is the Planck constant and f ... of photons is proportional to their frequency as stated by the Planck's relation. In some reactions matter particles can be ... Max Planck rewrote Einstein's mass-energy relationship as M = E0 + pV0/c2 in June 1907, where p is the pressure and V0 the ... The same relations in different notation were used by Lorentz in 1913 and 1914, though he placed the energy on the left-hand ...
He has been collaborating with a number of international institutions including the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary ... Some of his interests concern predator-prey relations and trophic cascades among aquatic organisms. He discovered the ...
Das Max Planck Institut für Geschichte im historischen Kontext: Die Ära Heimpel. Berlin, Max Planck Institute for the History ... Frontières et relations franco-allemandes au XXe siècle, Foreword by Henry Rousso,Tours, Presses Universitaires Francois- ... Since 2008 he is a Visiting Scholar at the Max Planck Institute for the History of Science in Berlin. At the 1998 Deutscher ... with Hans-Jörg Rheinberger), Marc Bloch et le crises du savoir, Berlin, Max Planck Institute for the History of Science, 2011 ( ...
The Planck relation (referred to as Plancks energy-frequency relation, the Planck relation, Planck equation, and Planck ... The de Broglie relation, also known as the de Broglies momentum-wavelength relation, generalizes the Planck relation to matter ... so the Planck relation can take the following standard forms E = h ν = h c λ = h c ν ~ , {\displaystyle E=h\nu ={\frac {hc}{\ ... is known as the Planck constant. Several equivalent forms of the relation exist, including in terms of angular frequency, ω: E ...
The scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems dedicate their efforts to the material sciences. Their ... Press and Public Relations Linda Behringer. Press officer Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems, Stuttgart site, ... Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems, Stuttgart site The scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems ... Scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems in Stuttgart and the Halle-based Max Planck Institute of ...
Press and Public Relations Dr. Wolfgang Schuchert. Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Köln ... Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research The Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research carries out basic ... This institute has an International Max Planck Research School (IMPRS):. IMPRS on Understanding Complex Plant Traits using ...
Press and Public Relations. Sandra Jacob. Phone: +49 (0) 341 - 3550 122. [email protected][,,, Please remove the brackets! ,,,]eva.mpg.de ... Max Planck Research Group Leader. Dr. Barbara Treutlein Minerva Research Group Leader. Dr. Esther Herrmann (Dept. of ... Max Planck Fellow. Prof. Dr. Philipp Khaitovich, Director, CAS-MPG Partner Institute for Computational Biology, Shanghai, P.R. ... Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. Deutscher Platz 6. 04103 Leipzig. phone: +49 (341) 3550 - 0. fax: +49 (341 ...
Relation to Plancks law. The Wien approximation was originally proposed as a description of the complete spectrum of ... Plancks law may be given as I. (. ν. ,. T. ). =. 2. h. ν. 3. c. 2. 1. e. h. ν. k. T. −. 1. {\displaystyle I(\nu ,T)={\frac {2h ... However, it was soon superseded by Plancks law, developed by Max Planck. Unlike the Wien approximation, Plancks law ... The Wien approximation may be derived from Plancks law by assuming h. ν. ≫. k. T. {\displaystyle h\nu \gg kT}. . When this is ...
See also: Planck-Einstein relation. Once Planck had discovered the empirically fitting function, he constructed a physical ... This led Planck to the formula B. λ. (. T. ). =. C. λ. −. 5. e. c. λ. T. −. 1. ,. {\displaystyle B_{\lambda }(T)={\frac {C\ ... In contrast to Plancks model, the frequency ν. {\displaystyle \nu }. has no immediate relation to frequencies that might ... These are the points at which the respective Planck-law functions 1/λ5, ν3 and ν2/λ2 divided by exp(hν/kBT) − 1 attain their ...
Relation between Kelvins statement and Plancks proposition. It is almost customary in textbooks to speak of the "Kelvin ... Plancks principle. In 1926, Max Planck wrote an important paper on the basics of thermodynamics.[41][43] He indicated ... Plancks statement. Planck stated the second law as follows. Every process occurring in nature proceeds in the sense in ... Plancks proposition. Planck offered the following proposition as derived directly from experience. This is sometimes ...
Resource Relation:. Journal Name: Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics; Journal Volume: 2013; Journal Issue: 12; ... With the recently published Cosmic Microwave Background data from Planck we address the optimized binning of the primordial ... Journal Article: Reconstruction of broad features in the primordial spectrum and inflaton potential from Planck ... Title: Reconstruction of broad features in the primordial spectrum and inflaton potential from Planck ...
Florida Atlantic University and Max Planck Florida Institute for Neuroscience (MPFI) have combined... ... Media Relations Director, Research [email protected] Phone: 561-297-2676 This news release was issued on behalf of Newswise(TM ... About Max Planck Florida Institute for Neuroscience: The Max Planck Florida Institute for Neuroscience (MPFI), a not-for-profit ... FAU And Max Planck Team Up On First Joint Position Ken Dawson-Scully Named Associate V.P. for Strategic Initiatives, Head of ...
Smith, G. M. (2012). The Palaeolithic poor relation? Taphonomic approaches to archaeofaunas and their implication for the study ... Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. Department of Human Evolution. Deutscher Platz 6. 04103 Leipzig. Germany. ... Archaeological Science Seminar, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig (Germany).. Smith, G.M. 2010. Lower ... Department of Human Evolution, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology (MPI-EVA), Leipzig, Germany) Post-Doctoral ...
... has been awarded the Max Planck Research Prize by the Max Planck Society in Germany. She joins 11 other outstanding ...
Reesink, G. (2004). Interclausal relations. In G. Booij (. Ed.. ), Morphologie / morphology (pp. 1202-1207). Berlin: Mouton de ... In Jahrbuch der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft (pp. 322-327). München: Generalverwaltung der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft. ... thematic relations expressed by the NPs, etc.), and (2) the animacy and definiteness values of the arguments, and their length ... and considers the results in relation to those from Berman and Slobins (1996) comparative study of adult and child Frog ...
Public Relations. Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry. Am Klopferspitz 18. 82152 Martinsried. Germany. Phone +49 89 8578-2824 ... Bacillus subtilis »Biochemistry »Chromosome »DNA »DNA-Packaging »Elucidate »MPI »Max Planck Institute »Max-Planck-Institut » ... Max-Planck-Institut , Planck , SMC , bacteria , cell division , chromosomal DNA , chromosomes , genetic material , human cell ... Anja Konschak , Max-Planck-Institut für Biochemie Further reports about: , Bacillus subtilis , Biochemistry , Chromosome , DNA ...
Levelt, W. J. M. (1970). A scaling approach to the study of syntactic relations. In G. B. Flores dArcais, & W. J. M. Levelt ( ... Reesink, G. (2004). Interclausal relations. In G. Booij (. Ed.. ), Morphologie / morphology (pp. 1202-1207). Berlin: Mouton de ... thematic relations expressed by the NPs, etc.), and (2) the animacy and definiteness values of the arguments, and their length ... and considers the results in relation to those from Berman and Slobins (1996) comparative study of adult and child Frog ...
Planck,Institute,for,Infection,Biology,Collaborate,to,Develop,Assay,for,Active,TB,Risk,in,Individuals,With,Latent,Infection, ... Public Relations:. Dr. Thomas Theuringer. Director Public Relations. +49-2103-29-11826. +1-240-686-7425. Email: [email protected] ... New assay will use whole blood transcription profiling - a new diagnostic technology developed at the Max Planck Institutes ... Investor Relations:. John Gilardi. VP Head of Corporate Communications. +49-2103-29-11711. +1-240-686-2222. Albert F. Fleury. ...
Public Relations. Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry Am Klopferspitz 18. 82152 Martinsried. ... 03.12.2014 - (idw) Max-Planck-Institut f r Biochemie. Many proteins in our cells are decorated with sugar molecule add-ons, ... J rg M ller and Maria Cristina Gambetta at the Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry in Martinsried near Munich recently have ... Researchers at the Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry in Martinsried near Munich have recently uncovered a previously unknown ...
Relation between Kelvins statement and Plancks propositionEdit. It is almost customary in textbooks to speak of the "Kelvin- ... but attributes it to Kelvin without mention of Planck.[28] One monograph quotes Plancks proposition as the "Kelvin-Planck" ... Plancks principleEdit. In 1926, Max Planck wrote an important paper on the basics of thermodynamics.[39][41] He indicated the ... Plancks statementEdit. Planck stated the second law as follows.. Every process occurring in nature proceeds in the sense in ...
Public Relations. Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics, Berlin. Phone:+49 30 8413-1716 ... The Max Planck scientists also note that this particular mechanism of gene regulation in the developing limb is quite " ... mechanism has been discovered by a group of scientists including Stefan Mundlos and Guillaume Andrey from the Max Planck ...
Public Relations. Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry. Am Klopferspitz 18. 82152 Martinsried. Phone: +49 (0) 89 8578-2824. E- ... Public Relations +49 89 8578-2824 [email protected] MPI of Biochemistry, Am Klopferspitz 18, 82152 Martinsried ... Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry. Am Klopferspitz 18. 82152 Martinsried. E-Mail: mmann[a]biochem.mpg.de. www.biochem.mpg.de ... F.-Ulrich Hartl, director at the Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry in Martinsried, was inducted into the Hall of Fame of ...
Public Relations. Phone:+49 89 8578-2824. Email:[email protected] MPI of Biochemistry, Am Klopferspitz 18, 82152 Martinsried ... Using in situ cryo-electron tomography to look into cells that are frozen in a life-like state, scientists at the Max Planck ...
Could someone explain the relationship between the FSC and the Planck Scale? What are they in relation to each other. I know ... The reduced Planck constant is given by. h-bar = e2/(4πε0cα).. So the reduced Planck constant is scale dependent on a lot of ... A better question is why does the reduced Planck constant depend quadratically on the fine strucure constant in. h-bar = mec2α2 ... Similar Discussions: Help: Planck Scale and Fine Structure Constant * What is the value of the fine structure constant at ...
Press & Public Relations. Max-Planck-Institut für Quantenoptik. Tel./Phone: +49 89 / 32 905 -213. Email: olivia.meyer-streng ...
Press & Public Relations. Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics, Garching, Germany. Phone: +49 (0)89 / 32 905 -213. E-mail: ... Director at Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics Hans-Kopfermann-Straße 1. 85748 Garching b. München. Phone: +49 (0)89 / 32 ... Researchers at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics want to change this. They have developed a detection method that can ... Raul García-Patrón, former member of the Theory Division of Professor Ignacio Cirac at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum ...
Press & Public Relations. Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Heidelberg. Phone:+49 6221 528-261 ... Two astronomers from the Max Planck Institute for Astronomy and from the University of Jena have found an elegant new method to ... director at the Max Planck Institute for Astronomy (MPIA), and Sergiy Krasnokutskiy of the MPIAs Laboratory Astrophysics Group ...
Does Plancks relation apply to radio waves?. 5 hours ago. Is Voltage a measurement of pressure?. 15 hours ago ...
Does Plancks relation apply to radio waves?. 3 hours ago. Laplaces equation vs Principle of Least Action?. 11 hours ago ...
Wissenschaftliche Publikationen von Mitarbeiter*innen des Max-Planck-Instituts für Sonnensystemforschung: Zeitschriftenartikel ... Paschmann, G.; Sonnerup, B.U.Ö.; Haaland, S.; Phan, T.-D.; Denton, R.E.: Comparison of Quality Measures for Walén Relation. ... Max-Planck-Forschungsgruppe*SOLSTAR: Solare und Stellare Dynamos. *ComFyDA: Computergestütze Strömungsphysik und ... International Max Planck Research School for Solar System Science at the University of Göttingen ...
Scheid, R.: Cerebral microbleeds in relation to brain trauma. In: Cerebral Microbleeds: Pathophysiological to Clinical Practice ...
Arutyunov, G.; Russo, J.; Tseytlin, A. A.: Spinning strings in AdS5 times S5: new integrable system relations. Physical Review ...
Philosophy - Relations to other Intellectual Realms - After Plato, Medieval And Renaissance, Early Modern, Modern Times, ... Plancks Constant. At the beginning of the twentieth century, German physicist, Maxwell Planck, proposed that atoms absorb or ... Science & Philosophy: Planck mass to Posit [next] [back] Science & Philosophy: Pebi- to History of Philosophy - Indifferentism ...
• He currently serves on the steering committee and is a faculty member of the newly formed International Max Planck Research School (IMPRS). (prnewswire.com)
• With the European Inventor Award 2018, the European Patent Office (EPO) honored Jens Frahm of the Max Planck Institute (MPI) for Biophysical Chemistry in Göttingen for his ground-breaking advances in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). (idw-online.de)
• She did her PhD in the lab of Nobel Laureate Manfred Eigen at the Max Planck Institute of Biophysical Chemistry. (uni-protokolle.de)
• The following provides mandatory data concerning the provider of this website, obligations with regard to data protection, as well as other important legal references involving the Internet site of the Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry (= www.mpibpc.mpg.de ) as required by German law. (mpg.de)
• The study involved institutions from Europe and the US including the German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (DZNE), the University Medical Center Göttingen (UMG), the Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry (MPI-BPC), the Center for Nanoscale Microscopy and Molecular Physiology of the Brain (CNMPB), Göttingen, the Technische Universität Braunschweig, and the University of California San Diego (UC San Diego). (mpg.de)
• Researchers at the Max Planck Institute of Metals Research, the Max-Planck-Institut für Kohlenforschung (coal research) and the Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces are investigating the candidates for a hydrogen tank. (mpg.de)
• For the fundamental basic composition of any steel - iron and carbon - the concentration and ordering of carbon atoms and their interaction with the iron host lattice in martensitic steels was analysed by a team of scientists from the Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung (MPIE) and the Ruhr-Universität Bochum (RUB). (brightsurf.com)
• The Winter School is organized by the John von Neumann-Institut für Computing (NIC, Forschungszentrum Jülich), Institut für Physik (Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz), Max-Planck-Institut für Polymerforschung (Mainz), and Max-Planck-Institut für biophysikalische Chemie (Göttingen). (fz-juelich.de)
• Technical Bulletin 4: 1-15, Max-Planck-Institut für Züchtungsforschung, Hamburg-Volksdorf. (springer.com)
• Many publications by Max Planck scientists in 2019 were of great social relevance or met with a great media response. (mpg.de)
• F.-Ulrich Hartl, Director at the Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, and Arthur Horwich of Yale School of Medicine and Howard Hughes Medical Institute were named winners of the 2019 Dr. Paul Janssen Award for Biomedical Research. (mpg.de)
• Brenda Schulman, head of the department "Molecular Machines and Signaling" at the Max Planck Institute for Biochemistry in Martinsried, receives the Ernst Jung Prize for Medicine 2019 together with the neurobiologist Gary R. Lewin from Berlin. (mpg.de)
• Jürgen Cox, head of the research group „Computational Systems Biochemistry" at the Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry in Martinsried near Munich receives the Gilbert S. Omenn Computational Proteomics Award 2019. (mpg.de)
• Several previous results valid for one-dimensional nonlinear Fokker-Planck equations are generalized to N -dimensions. (mdpi.com)
• A general nonlinear N -dimensional Fokker- Planck equation is derived directly from a master equation, by considering nonlinearities in the transition rates. (mdpi.com)
• It is shown that due to this relation, classes of nonlinear N -dimensional Fokker-Planck equations are connected to a single entropic form. (mdpi.com)
• II-3 Fokker-Planck equation , Kramers equation, Smoluchowski equation, the Kramers escape problem, Arrhenius law and viscous liquids, classical nucleation theory, mapping to Schrodinger equation, Ito-Stratonovich rules for stochastic calculus. (ens-lyon.fr)
• The system to be identified is supposed to be governed by a stochastic differential equation of the Langevin type, whose parameters are found through the inverse solution of the equivalent Fokker-Planck-Kolmogorov equation. (iwaponline.com)
• The second Planck catalogue of Sunyaev-Zeldovich sources. (u-strasbg.fr)
• Raul García-Patrón, former member of the Theory Division of Professor Ignacio Cirac at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics, with collaborators from Pisa, Brussels and Moscow, has recently answered this question (Nature Photonics, 21 September 2014), concluding a research program that started during his Humboldt postdoctoral fellowship at the MPQ between the years 2011 and 2013. (mpg.de)
• During the annual NIWeek conference in Austin (Texas) the team of Professor Gerhard Rempe, Director at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics (Garching near Munich), has received three prizes: The "Application of the Year 2011 Award", the "Advanced Research Award" (both from National Instruments) and the "FPGA Innovation Award", given by the company Xilinx. (innovations-report.de)
• The LMU professors Patrick Cramer (Director of LMU's Genzentrum), Jochen Feldmann (Chair of Photonics and Optoelectronics) and Theodor Hänsch (Chair of Experimental Physics and Director of the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics) are among the latest group of scientists who have been chosen to receive Advanced Investigator Grants by the European Research Council (ERC). (uni-muenchen.de)
• The scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems (formerly: Max Planck Institute for Metals Research) dedicate their efforts to the material sciences. (mpg.de)
• Scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems in Stuttgart plan to change all that. (mpg.de)
• Scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems in Stuttgart and the Halle-based Max Planck Institute of Microstructure Physics are paving the way for magnetic storage materials that make this possible, cleverly taking advantage of the unique laws of the nanoworld. (mpg.de)
• At the Max Planck Institute (MPI) of Biochemistry in Martinsried near Munich, scientists have now elucidated how this packaging process works in bacteria. (innovations-report.com)
• However, the Max Planck scientists were able to show in bacteria that the SMC protein arms embrace the DNA like a clip, thus enabling the connection of pieces of the DNA that lie wide apart from each other. (innovations-report.com)
• This surprising molecular mechanism has been discovered by a group of scientists including Stefan Mundlos and Guillaume Andrey from the Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics and the Charitè-Universitätsmedizin Berlin. (mpg.de)
• Using in situ cryo-electron tomography to look into cells that are frozen in a life-like state, scientists at the Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry discovered that NPCs are decorated with highly organized clusters of proteasomes, molecular machines that destroy misfolded and mislocalized proteins to ensure healthy cell function. (mpg.de)
• This work was carried out in a collaboration between an interdisplicinary team of chemists, physicists and material scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Dresden, and the Max Planck Institute for Microstructure Physics Halle, Germany, and the Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Bangalore, India. (mpg.de)
• Scientists at the Max Planck Institute of Neurobiology in Martinsried and the Max Planck Institute of Molecular Cellular Biology and Genetics in Dresden have now succeeded in demonstrating that mature neurons of the central nervous system no longer have an active centrosome and that new microtubules can form in these cells independently of the centrosome. (healthcanal.com)
• This is the question that scientists from the Max Planck Institute of Neurobiology in Martinsried investigated together with their colleagues from the Max Planck Institute of Cellular Biology and Genetics in Dresden and the Erasmus Medical Center in Rotterdam. (healthcanal.com)
• To answer this question, the Max Planck scientists in Martinsried and Dresden used cell cultures to examine the sites where microtubules form in neurons. (healthcanal.com)
• Scientists at the Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry in Munich have for the first time identified metabolite alterations, affected pathways and biomarker candidates for the Ketamine treatment response in mice. (healthcanal.com)
• Scientists around Christoph Turck, Research Group Leader at the Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry in Munich, in collaboration with Marianne Müller-Sitz at the University of Mainz, investigated the effects of Ketamine in the hippocampus of mice, a brain region associated with depression. (healthcanal.com)
• With the aid of a trick, the Max Planck scientists and their colleagues created lipid vesicles that could in future form the basis for artificial cells. (mpg.de)
• Scientists from the Max Planck Institute of Neurobiology in Martinsried have now discovered that fruit flies process optical information in a similar way. (mpg.de)
• Scientists at the Max Planck Institute of Neurobiology have now discovered surprising parallels in the neuronal processing of fruit flies and vertebrates. (mpg.de)
• Researchers at the Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry in Martinsried near Munich have recently uncovered a previously unknown mechanism explaining how this sugar residue affects protein function and thereby influences our development. (uni-protokolle.de)
• Among the authors are two researchers from Germany, Martin Jung from the Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry (MPI-BGC) in Jena und Luis Guanter from the Helmholtz Centre Potsdam - GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences (GFZ). (eurekalert.org)
• Researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Biology in Plön have discovered that among sticklebacks, the egg cells of the fish are involved in the decision regarding fertilisation. (mpg.de)
• Whereas the Max Planck researchers found an elevation of glycolytic metabolites in earlier studies investigating treatment with conventional antidepressants, they now observed a reduced activity of glycolysis after Ketamine treatment. (healthcanal.com)
• These are the findings of a study published in the journal Evolution and Human Behavior, conducted by researchers from the University of Basel, Edith Cowan University, the University of Western Australia, the Humboldt University of Berlin, and the Max Planck Institute for Human Development in Berlin. (mpg.de)
• Within the framework of the MaxSynBio network, researchers from the Max Planck Society and the Universities of Heidelberg, Jena, Magdeburg and Bordeaux have used a novel technique to produce particles made of a range of different fatty acids which behave very like natural cell membranes. (mpg.de)
• The project involved researchers from the Max Planck Institutes for Medical Research in Heidelberg, for Dynamics and Self-Organization in Göttingen, for Dynamics of Complex Technical Systems in Magdeburg and of Colloids and Interfaces in Potsdam, and from the Universities of Heidelberg, Jena, Magdeburg and Bordeaux. (mpg.de)
• This is a joint release by the Helmholtz Centre Potsdam - GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences and Max-Planck-Institute for Biogeochemistry (MPI-BGC) Jena. (eurekalert.org)
• The very long measurement times in MRI at the time were due to the many individual measurements with different spatial encodings and the necessary pauses in between," the Max Planck researcher explains. (idw-online.de)
• Huang Chi-yao is a visiting researcher at the Max Planck Institute and a consultant in international law. (taipeitimes.com)
• 2) Review of equation for transport of mixtures in mechanical equilibrium (Maxwell-Stefan diffusion relations). (cuni.cz)
• The angular forms make use of the reduced Planck constant ħ = h/2π. (wikipedia.org)
• Why is the reduced Planck constant inversely proportional to the fine structure constant? (physicsforums.com)
• So the reduced Planck constant is scale dependent on a lot of factors, excluding only 4, π , and α , which are scale independent (unitless). (physicsforums.com)
• A better question is why does the reduced Planck constant depend quadratically on the fine strucure constant in h-bar = m e c 2 α 2 /(2cR) where m e c 2 is the electron mass and R is the Rydberg constant. (physicsforums.com)
• Wien derived his law from thermodynamic arguments, several years before Planck introduced the quantization of radiation. (wikipedia.org)
• Dr. Claussen is Director of the Max-Planck-Institute of Meteorology in Hamburg and chairs the cluster of excellence 'Integrated Climate System Analysis and Prediciton' at the University of Hamburg. (eurekalert.org)
• With the recently published Cosmic Microwave Background data from Planck we address the optimized binning of the primordial power spectrum. (osti.gov)
• The relation accounts for the quantized nature of light and plays a key role in understanding phenomena such as the photoelectric effect and black-body radiation (where the related Planck postulate can be used to derive Planck's law). (wikipedia.org)
• However, it was soon superseded by Planck's law , developed by Max Planck . (wikipedia.org)
• Near thermodynamic equilibrium , the emitted radiation is closely described by Planck's law and because of its dependence on temperature , Planck radiation is said to be thermal radiation, such that the higher the temperature of a body the more radiation it emits at every wavelength. (wikipedia.org)
• The Max Planck Society is legally represented by its Board of Directors which, in turn, is represented by the President of the Society, Prof. Dr. Martin Stratmann and by Secretary General Rüdiger Willems (on an interim basis). (mpg.de)
• Pamela Bjorkman, professor of and executive officer for biology at the California Institute of Technology, has been awarded the Max Planck Research Prize by the Max Planck Society in Germany. (caltech.edu)
• The provider of this Internet site within the legal meaning of the term is the registered association Max Planck Society for the Advancement of Science e.V. (mpg.de)
• The Max Planck Society is registered in the Official Register of Societies and Associations at Berlin-Charlottenburg Local Court under the register number VR 13378 B. (mpg.de)
• The value added tax identification number of the Max Planck Society is DE 129517720. (mpg.de)
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• He joined the Max Planck Society as a director in 1999. (imperial.ac.uk)
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• The Max Planck Society expressly dissociates itself from such contents. (mpg.de)
• The new technique is not just limited to helping develop artificial cells, as is the goal of synthetic biology and in Germany the MaxSynBio research network of the Max Planck Society. (mpg.de)
• This work was funded by the Max Planck Society, DFG (SPP1926), NIH (EY022073, NS029169, R00EY028625) and UC Berkeley. (mpg.de)
• Max Planck Research 2016(1): 10-15. (mpg.de)
• The de Broglie relation, also known as the de Broglie's momentum-wavelength relation, generalizes the Planck relation to matter waves. (wikipedia.org)
• Louis de Broglie argued that if particles had a wave nature, the relation E = hν would also apply to them, and postulated that particles would have a wavelength equal to λ = h/p. (wikipedia.org)
• After a brief historical survey, the discussion of Young double-slit experiment and the Planck-Einstein-de Broglie relations, we introduce the mathematical foundations of quantum mechanics, introducing Dirac notation and the state space. (qub.ac.uk)
• Ohm's law, Nernst-Planck-Poisson equations, Fick's law. (cuni.cz)
• At the Max Planck Institute for Metals Research, she also uses this method to investigate potential new drugs and biological materials. (mpg.de)
• The Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research carries out basic molecular biological research on plants. (mpg.de)
• The European Patent Office has nominated scientist Matthias Mann from the Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry as one of the three finalists in the field of research. (mpg.de)
• In his acceptance speech on the occasion of the award ceremony for the European Inventor Award on June 7th in Saint-Germain-en-Laye (France), the newly elected award winner thanked all and praised his entire team: "The European Inventor Award is a great honor and a wonderful recognition of our innovative work as a research team. (idw-online.de)
• Max Planck Institute for Brain Research, Frankfurt, Germany. (nih.gov)
• At the University of Berne, Manfred Milinski, who later conducted research at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Biology in Plön, discovered several years ago that women find the smell of men more attractive whose immune system supplements their own to the best possible degree. (mpg.de)
• The project is funded by a postdoctoral fellowship awarded by the Max Planck International Research Network on Aging. (google.com)
• The lipid vesicles that this produces are mechanically and chemically stable, allowing us to inject proteins into them, as in natural cells," says Joachim Spatz from the Max Planck Institute for Medical Research in Heidelberg. (mpg.de)
• In 2001, he joined the group of Professor Klaus Müllen at the Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research, where he completed his dissertation in 2005. (mpg.de)
• Nijmegen: Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics. (mpi.nl)
• X-ray scaling relations for a representative sample of Planck-selected clusters observed with XMM-Newton. (u-strasbg.fr)
• X-ray morphological analysis of the Planck ESZ clusters. (u-strasbg.fr)
• The cool-core state of Planck SZ-selected clusters versus X-ray-selected samples: evidence for cool-core bias. (u-strasbg.fr)
• Measuring the dynamical state of Planck SZ-selected clusters: X-ray peak - BCG offset. (u-strasbg.fr)
• Comparison of Sunyaev-Zel'dovich measurements from Planck and from the Arcminute Microkelvin Imager for 99 galaxy clusters. (u-strasbg.fr)
• WMAP observations of Planck ESZ clusters. (u-strasbg.fr)
• L X -T relation and related properties of galaxy clusters. (u-strasbg.fr)
• BOCA RATON, Fla. , April 30, 2018 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Florida Atlantic University and Max Planck Florida Institute for Neuroscience (MPFI) have combined forces to form the first jointly supported position between the two institutions. (prnewswire.com)
• In 1900, Max Planck empirically derived a formula for the observed spectrum by assuming that a hypothetical electrically charged oscillator in a cavity that contained black body radiation could only change its energy in a minimal increment, E , that was proportional to the frequency of its associated electromagnetic wave . (wikipedia.org)
• 7) Efficiency of energy producing devices, relation to entropy production. (cuni.cz)
• Max Planck developed the law in 1900 with only empirically determined constants, and later showed that, expressed as an energy distribution, it is the unique stable distribution for radiation in thermodynamic equilibrium . (wikipedia.org)
• Planck radiation has a maximum intensity at a wavelength that depends on the temperature of the body. (wikipedia.org)
• In order to make these two irreconcilable concepts [Coh, Complement D I ] compatible, we expand the macroscopic regime into the microscopic regime using the Planck-Einstein relation [Coh, 11, (A-1)] which allows us to treat a wave as a particle. (tripod.com)
• The zeroth law of thermodynamics in its usual short statement allows recognition that two bodies in a relation of thermal equilibrium have the same temperature, especially that a test body has the same temperature as a reference thermometric body. (wikipedia.org)
• All-sky temperature and dust optical depth from Planck and IRAS. (lebedev.ru)
• Recently, Petra Schwille signed a contract as a Director at the Max Planck Institute (MPI) of Biochemistry in Martinsried near Munich, Germany. (uni-protokolle.de)
• He will begin a Ph.D. program at the Max Planck Institute for Astronomy in Germany. (umass.edu)
• Peer Fischer and his colleagues at the Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems in Stuttgart are developing microswimmers and nanoswimmers that are expected to one day make this possible. (mpg.de)
• In cooperation with Dr. Marcus Hartmann at the Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology and colleagues from the University of St. Petersburg, they discovered that plants possess a sophisticated glutamine sensor. (uni-tuebingen.de)
• But helping shouldn't be misunderstood as a panacea for a longer life," says Ralph Hertwig, Director of the Center for Adaptive Rationality at the Max Planck Institute for Human Development. (mpg.de)
• But for now, all we need to know is that all these approaches to thermodynamics are equivalent given some reasonable assumptions, and all the formulas and relations can be derived using the Legendre transformation trick I explained last time . (wordpress.com)
• where k B is the Boltzmann constant , h is the Planck constant , and c is the speed of light in the medium, whether material or vacuum. (wikipedia.org)
• Could someone explain the relationship between the FSC and the Planck Scale? (physicsforums.com)
• I know what the Planck Scale is, and I even have a loose understanding of the FSC, but what of them in contrast and comparison? (physicsforums.com)
• 11.00 a.m. at the Lecture Hall (room 0.10 of the Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Max-von-Laue-Str. (mpg.de)
• Frankfurt: Prime Standard: QIA) and the Max Planck Institute for Infection Biology (MPIIB), Department of Immunology have announced a new collaboration to develop a molecular diagnostic test to assess the risk of an individual with latent tuberculosis (TB) developing active TB disease during their lifetime. (bio-medicine.org)
• Understanding of the relation between molecular architecture, long-range order and macroscopic electronic properties. (mpg.de)
• On the relation between mathematical and numerical relativity. (mpg.de)
• Using the publicly available code BINGO, we numerically calculate the local f{sub NL} for this model in equilateral and arbitrary triangular configurations of wavevectors and show that the obtained non-Gaussianity for this model is consistent with Planck results. (osti.gov)
• Planck early results. (lebedev.ru)
• Planck 2015 results. (u-strasbg.fr)
• Planck 2013 results. (u-strasbg.fr)
• Brenda Schulman, head of the department "Molecular Machines and Signaling" at the Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry has been elected member of the German National Academy of Sciences Leopoldina. (mpg.de)
• A team from the Max Planck Institute of Neurobiology, University of California Berkeley and Harvard University created a molecular catalog that describes the different types of these neurons. (mpg.de)
• Molecular Approaches to Understand Sink-Source Relations in Higher-Plants. (mpg.de)
• Abdifatah Omar is a biology and psychology major from Auburn, Maine, whose extraordinary leadership within the Muslim community as a resident assistant and as a Habitat for Humanity volunteer to promote positive relations between religious groups has benefited the community as a whole. (umass.edu)
• Two astronomers from the Max Planck Institute for Astronomy and from the University of Jena have found an elegant new method to measure the energy of simple chemical reactions, under similar conditions as those encountered by atoms and molecules in the early solar system. (mpia.de)
• Now, Thomas Henning, director at the Max Planck Institute for Astronomy (MPIA), and Sergiy Krasnokutskiy of the MPIA's Laboratory Astrophysics Group at the University of Jena have developed an elegant method to study such elementary surface reactions - using minute liquid helium droplets. (mpia.de)
• Probing cosmic isotropy with a new X-ray galaxy cluster sample through the L X -T scaling relation. (u-strasbg.fr)
• The galaxy cluster concentration-mass scaling relation. (u-strasbg.fr)
• Weighing the giants- V. Galaxy cluster scaling relations. (u-strasbg.fr)
• Optical validation and characterisation of Planck PSZ1 sources at the Canary Islands observatories - II. (mpg.de)
• Optical validation and characterization of Planck PSZ1 sources at the Canary Islands observatories: I. First year of ITP13 observations. (uio.no)