The discarding or destroying of garbage, sewage, or other waste matter or its transformation into something useful or innocuous.
Discarded animal and vegetable matter from a kitchen or the refuse from food preparation. (From Random House College Dictionary, 1982)
Management, removal, and elimination of biologic, infectious, pathologic, and dental waste. The concept includes blood, mucus, tissue removed at surgery or autopsy, soiled surgical dressings, and other materials requiring special control and handling. Disposal may take place where the waste is generated or elsewhere.
Patient or client refusal of or resistance to medical, psychological, or psychiatric treatment. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)
Members of a religious denomination founded in the United States during the late 19th century in which active evangelism is practiced, the imminent approach of the millennium is preached, and war and organized government authority in matters of conscience are strongly opposed (from American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed). Jehovah's Witnesses generally refuse blood transfusions and other blood-based treatments based on religious belief.
The right of the patient or the patient's representative to make decisions with regard to the patient's dying.
Refusal to take part in activities or procedures that are requested or expected of an individual. This may include refusal by HEALTH PERSONNEL to participate in specific medical procedures or refusal by PATIENTS or members of the public to take part in clinical trials or health promotion programs.
Refusal of the health professional to initiate or continue treatment of a patient or group of patients. The refusal can be based on any reason. The concept is differentiated from PATIENT REFUSAL OF TREATMENT see TREATMENT REFUSAL which originates with the patient and not the health professional.
The ability to understand the nature and effect of the act in which the individual is engaged. (From Black's Law Dictionary, 6th ed).
Debris resulting from a process that is of no further use to the system producing it. The concept includes materials discharged from or stored in a system in inert form as a by-product of vital activities. (From Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary, 1981)
The kind of action or activity proper to the judiciary, particularly its responsibility for decision making.
Worthless, damaged, defective, superfluous or effluent material from industrial operations.
Interference with the FREEDOM or PERSONAL AUTONOMY of another person, with justifications referring to the promotion of the person's good or the prevention of harm to the person. (from Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy, 1995); more generally, not allowing a person to make decisions on his or her own behalf.
Self-directing freedom and especially moral independence. An ethical principle holds that the autonomy of persons ought to be respected. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
Legal documents that are declarations of individuals' wishes regarding the disposal of their property or estate after death; esp: written instruments, legally executed, by which dispositions are made of estates. LIVING WILLS are written declarations regarding prolongation of life by extraordinary means.
The principles of professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the physician, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the physician in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families.
Duties that are based in ETHICS, rather than in law.
A person who has not attained the age at which full civil rights are accorded.
Voluntary authorization, by a patient or research subject, with full comprehension of the risks involved, for diagnostic or investigative procedures, and for medical and surgical treatment.
Maintenance of a constant blood glucose level by perfusion or infusion with glucose or insulin. It is used for the study of metabolic rates (e.g., in glucose, lipid, amino acid metabolism) at constant glucose concentration.
Liquid, solid, or gaseous waste resulting from mining of radioactive ore, production of reactor fuel materials, reactor operation, processing of irradiated reactor fuels, and related operations, and from use of radioactive materials in research, industry, and medicine. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Fundamental claims of patients, as expressed in statutes, declarations, or generally accepted moral principles. (Bioethics Thesaurus) The term is used for discussions of patient rights as a group of many rights, as in a hospital's posting of a list of patient rights.
The cognitive and affective processes which constitute an internalized moral governor over an individual's moral conduct.
A 51-amino acid pancreatic hormone that plays a major role in the regulation of glucose metabolism, directly by suppressing endogenous glucose production (GLYCOGENOLYSIS; GLUCONEOGENESIS) and indirectly by suppressing GLUCAGON secretion and LIPOLYSIS. Native insulin is a globular protein comprised of a zinc-coordinated hexamer. Each insulin monomer containing two chains, A (21 residues) and B (30 residues), linked by two disulfide bonds. Insulin is used as a drug to control insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 1).
Differences of opinion or disagreements that may arise, for example, between health professionals and patients or their families, or against a political regime.
Waste products which threaten life, health, or the environment when improperly treated, stored, transported, disposed of, or otherwise managed.
Informed consent given by a parent on behalf of a minor or otherwise incompetent child.
A primary source of energy for living organisms. It is naturally occurring and is found in fruits and other parts of plants in its free state. It is used therapeutically in fluid and nutrient replacement.
A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE. Members contain arctiin and onopordopicrin.
Promotion and protection of the rights of patients, frequently through a legal process.
Blood, mucus, tissue removed at surgery or autopsy, soiled surgical dressings, and other materials requiring special disposal procedures.
Failing to prevent death from natural causes, for reasons of mercy by the withdrawal or withholding of life-prolonging treatment.
Glucose in blood.
Disposal, processing, controlling, recycling, and reusing the solid, liquid, and gaseous wastes of plants, animals, humans, and other organisms. It includes control within a closed ecological system to maintain a habitable environment.
The discarding or destroying of liquid waste products or their transformation into something useful or innocuous.
Withholding or withdrawal of a particular treatment or treatments, often (but not necessarily) life-prolonging treatment, from a patient or from a research subject as part of a research protocol. The concept is differentiated from REFUSAL TO TREAT, where the emphasis is on the health professional's or health facility's refusal to treat a patient or group of patients when the patient or the patient's representative requests treatment. Withholding of life-prolonging treatment is usually indexed only with EUTHANASIA, PASSIVE, unless the distinction between withholding and withdrawing treatment, or the issue of withholding palliative rather than curative treatment, is discussed.
Contamination of the air, bodies of water, or land with substances that are harmful to human health and the environment.
Diminished effectiveness of INSULIN in lowering blood sugar levels: requiring the use of 200 units or more of insulin per day to prevent HYPERGLYCEMIA or KETOSIS.
Refuse liquid or waste matter carried off by sewers.
The state or quality of being kind, charitable, or beneficial. (from American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed). The ethical principle of BENEFICENCE requires producing net benefit over harm. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
The interrelationship of medicine and religion.
A natural fuel formed by partial decomposition of vegetable matter under certain environmental conditions.
Informed consent given by someone other than the patient or research subject.
The principles of proper conduct concerning the rights and duties of the professional, relations with patients or consumers and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the professional and interpersonal relations with patient or consumer families. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.
Individuals responsible for various duties pertaining to the medical office routine.
A food group comprised of EDIBLE PLANTS or their parts.
The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)
The initial stages of the growth of SEEDS into a SEEDLINGS. The embryonic shoot (plumule) and embryonic PLANT ROOTS (radicle) emerge and grow upwards and downwards respectively. Food reserves for germination come from endosperm tissue within the seed and/or from the seed leaves (COTYLEDON). (Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
The means of moving persons, animals, goods, or materials from one place to another.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)

Detection of Salmonella spp. and Listeria monocytogenes in suspended organic waste by nucleic acid extraction and PCR. (1/363)

A nucleic acid-based method for the detection of the bacterial pathogens Salmonella spp. and Listeria monocytogenes in biological waste was developed. The detection limits were less than 10 cells per ml of biological waste. The method does not include a phenol extraction step and can be easily performed in 1 to 2 days.  (+info)

Evaluation of dehydrated restaurant food waste products as feedstuffs for finishing pigs. (2/363)

Two dehydrated restaurant food waste (DFW) products were evaluated as potential feedstuffs for finishing pigs. For each product, fresh food wastes were obtained from food service operations at a resort complex in central Florida. The wastes were mostly leftover food and plate scrapings. The wastes were minced, blended with a feed stock (soy hulls and wheat flour [DFW1] or soy hulls and ground corn [DFW2]), pelleted, and dried. The dried product was then blended with additional minced fresh food wastes and dried; this process was then repeated. The final DFW products contained approximately 60% dried food wastes. The DFW1 and DFW2 products contained 11.4 and 8.4% moisture, 15.0 and 14.4% CP, 13.8 and 16.0% crude fat, 10.4 and 14.5% crude fiber, 5.8 and 4.7% ash, .63 and .64% lysine, .54 and .63% Ca, .34 and .38% P, .69 and .86% Cl, and .35 and .47% Na, respectively. Two feeding trials with 48 and 72 finishing pigs (56 to 112 kg), respectively, were conducted comparing diets without (control) or with the DFW product included at 40% of the diet (DFW1) for Trial 1 and 40 or 80% of the diet (DFW2) for Trial 2. Pigs fed the DFW diets in both trials had ADG that were similar (P > . 10) to and average gain:feed ratios that were superior (P = .06, Trial 1; P < .01; linear, Trial 2) to those for control pigs. Carcass lean content and lean quality scores were not reduced (P > . 10) by feeding pigs the DFW diets in either trial. Carcass fat became softer (P < .01; linear) with increasing amount of DFW2 in the diet in Trial 2. Thus, dehydrated restaurant food wastes have the potential to produce a nutritious feedstuff for pigs while offering a viable solid waste disposal option.  (+info)

Exposure to airborne microorganisms and volatile organic compounds in different types of waste handling. (3/363)

Occupational exposure of workers to airborne microorganisms and volatile organic compounds (VOC) in different types of waste treatment situations was examined during summer time. Microorganisms were collected as stationary samples using a six-stage Andersen impactor, while for VOCs both personal and stationary sampling was conducted. The exposure at the waste handling facility was considerably greater than at landfill sites or in waste collection. The concentrations of viable fungi were maximally 10(5) cfu/m3, and the concentrations of both total culturable bacteria and Gram-negative bacteria exceeded the proposed occupational exposure limit values (OELV), being 10(4) and 10(3) cfu/m3, respectively. Exposure to VOCs in the waste handling facility was three times higher than at the landfill sites, being at highest 3000 microg/m3, considered to be the limit for discomfort. The use of personal protective equipment at work, thorough hand washing and changing clothes after the work shift are strongly recommended in the waste handling facility and the landfill sites.  (+info)

Talking trash: the economic and environmental issues of landfills. (4/363)

The U.S. per-capita figure for garbage production has topped four pounds per person per day, and that amount is rising at roughly 5% per year. In the past, municipal solid waste was sent to the nearest local landfill or incinerator. But in 1988, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency instituted the first federal standards for landfills, designed to make them safer. Over 10,000 small municipal landfills have since been consolidated into an estimated 3,500 newer, safer landfills, some of which are "megafills" that can handle up to 10,000 tons of waste a day. The new landfills are outfitted to prevent air and water pollution and limit the spread of disease by scavengers. Although the new landfills provide better controls against air and water pollution as well as an alternate source of municipal income, they are not entirely problem-free. Some experts believe the new landfill technology has not been properly tested and will therefore not provide protection in the long run. Others feel that poorer, less well-informed communities are targeted as sites for new landfills. In addition, many people that live near megafills, which may draw garbarge from several states, are unhappy about the noise, truck traffic, odors, and pests caused by the facilities.  (+info)

Trading trash: why the U.S. won't sign on to the Basel convention. (5/363)

Environmentalists worry that hazardous wastes produced in industrialized nations are being dumped in cash-starved developing countries--the countries with the least political or economic clout to resist and the fewest resources for managing these toxic imports. Imported waste can pose a serious threat to the health of human populations and ecosystems if not managed appropriately. In 1989, the international community initiated efforts to reduce the flow of hazardous wastes from industrialized countries to developing countries by drafting a treaty known as the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Wastes and their Disposal. The convention's mission is to strictly regulate the international transfer of hazardous wastes and to ensure that wastes are managed and disposed of in an environmentally sound manner. Although the United States supports the convention in theory, it remains the only industrialized country within the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development yet to ratify it. However, legislation drafted by the Clinton administration that is soon to go before the 106th Congress could make the United States a party to the convention.  (+info)

Thauera mechernichensis sp. nov., an aerobic denitrifier from a leachate treatment plant. (6/363)

A heterotrophic bacterial strain TL1T capable of aerobic denitrification was previously enriched in continuous culture from a landfill leachate treatment plant and isolated as a pure culture. The taxonomic position of this isolate within the beta-subclass of the Proteobacteria was determined by 16S rDNA sequence analysis and by conventional taxonomy including substrate spectrum, quinone type (ubiquinone Q-8) and cellular fatty acid composition. Detection of the specific polyamine 2-hydroxyputrescine supports the membership of strain TL1T in the beta-subclass of the Proteobacteria. The results of 16S rDNA sequencing showed that the strain clustered with, but was separate from, Thauera aromatica and Thauera selenatis. DNA-DNA hybridization experiments indicated that the new isolate represents a new species of the genus, for which the name Thauera mechernichensis is proposed; the type strain is DSM 12266T.  (+info)

Evaluation of nitrogen and organic matter balance in the feedlot as affected by level and source of dietary fiber. (7/363)

A trial was conducted to determine the effect of level and source of dietary fiber on N and OM excretion by cattle on finishing diets. One hundred twenty steers were stratified by weight and allotted to one of the following treatments: 7.5% roughage (7.5% R), wet corn gluten feed (WCGF; 41.5% of dietary DM), and all-concentrate (All Con) diet. Cattle were fed for 87 d during the summer with 23.7 m2 of pen area per animal. Steers fed the WCGF diet had heavier final weights, greater DMI, and higher ADG (P < .01) than the 7.5% R and All Con treatments. Steers fed All Con had lower (P < .01) DMI than the other two treatments. Nitrogen and OM mass balances in the feedlot were quantified. Main components were nutrient input, retention, and excretion. Nitrogen and OM intake of steers fed WCGF were greater (P < .05) than those of steers fed the other treatments. The WCGF treatment had a greater percentage of fecal N output (P < .05). The All Con treatment had a greater (P < .01) percentage of urinary N than WCGF and 7.5% R diets. Steers fed the WCGF treatment excreted more (P < .01) OM compared with the other treatments, which led to more N and OM being removed in manure at cleaning. The All Con treatment had more (P < .01) N and OM in runoff than the other treatments. Nutrition can change site of fermentation, which affects the composition of excreted material; however, total amount of N excreted may be more important than route of excretion in decreasing N losses to the environment and maximizing recovery in manure.  (+info)

Exposure-response relationship between gastrointestinal problems among waste collectors and bioaerosol exposure. (8/363)

OBJECTIVES: A high frequency of gastrointestinal problems has previously been reported for waste collectors. The present study relates the gastrointestinal problems to measurements of the bioaerosols that waste collectors are exposed to during work. METHODS: A job-exposure matrix was constructed from a combination of questionnaire data and field measurements. The questionnaire data were collected from 1747 male waste collectors and a comparison group of 1111 male municipal workers. Moreover a total of 189 full-shift personal samples was collected. The samples were used for characterizing the bioaerosol exposure described by viable fungi, total count of fungal spores, microorganisms, and endotoxins. RESULTS: In a multivariate analysis, high exposure to endotoxins was associated with nausea [prevalence proportion ratio (PPR) 1.60], and the risk of reporting nausea decreased with decreasing exposure so that workers with low exposure had the fewest reports (PPR 1.39) in the comparison with the unexposed group. High exposure to endotoxins was also associated with reports of diarrhea (PPR 5.60), and the risk of reporting diarrhea decreased with decreasing exposure so that the workers with low exposure had the fewest reports (PPR 3.02). The same pattern existed for exposure to fungi, for which high exposure resulted in the most reports (PPR = 4.59), and for diarrhea, for which low exposure resulted in the fewest reports (PPR = 3.15). CONCLUSIONS: An exposure-response relationship was found between nausea and endotoxin exposure and between diarrhea and exposure to both endotoxins and viable fungi.  (+info)

Find helpful learner reviews, feedback, and ratings for Municipal Solid Waste Management in Developing Countries from École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne. Read stories and highlights from Coursera learners who completed Municipal Solid Waste Management in Developing Countries and wanted to share their experience. Understandable and easy to access to reading materials recommended in each modules. Benefits to curr...
Find helpful learner reviews, feedback, and ratings for Municipal Solid Waste Management in Developing Countries from École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne. Read stories and highlights from Coursera learners who completed Municipal Solid Waste Management in Developing Countries and wanted to share their experience. Understandable and easy to access to reading materials recommended in each modules. Benefits to curr...
We studied the removal of two phthalic acid diesters (PAEs), di- n-butyl phthalate (DBP) and di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), from leachates of a municipal solid waste landfill treatment facility....
With the rapid and large increase of waste quantities, China, surpassed the USA as the worlds largest municipal solid waste (MSW) generator since 2004. The phenomena and critical issues of MSWM in China inspired this paper to investigate and analyse the MSWM in an urban area of China. Comparing with the increasing rates of MSW generation, little has been done concerning the municipal solid waste management (MSWM). Not only the local government and authorities are responsible for the MSWM, but also the individuals are playing a significant role in MSWM. An integrated waste management system should be built in order to improve the holistic MSW system and reduce the waste production. The aim of the study is to investigate and analyse the current status and problems of MSWM in an urban area of China and to analyse to what extent a viable reduction of the MSW can be implemented and management systems to be improved in the near future. In this study, two case studies of Shanghai and Linköping are ...
Previous studies have raised concerns about possible excess risks of bladder, brain and hepatobiliary cancers and leukaemias near landfill sites. Several cancers have been implicated, but no consistent pattern has emerged. We present a large nationwide analysis of selected cancers near landfill sites in Great Britain. The base population comprised people living within 2 km of 9565 (from a total of 19196) landfill sites that were operational at some time from 1982 to 1997, with populations living more than 2 km from a landfill as reference. Risks of cancers at the above sites were computed with adjustment for age, sex, year of diagnosis, region and deprivation. National post-coded registers provided a total of 341856640 person-years for the adult cancer analyses and 113631443 person-years for childhood leukaemia. There were 89786 cases of bladder cancer, 36802 cases of brain cancer, 21773 cases of hepatobiliary cancer, 37812 cases of adult leukaemia and 3973 cases of childhood leukaemia. In spite ...
Anyone applying for a DEQ Solid Waste Disposal Permit should contact the Solid Waste Program for an Initial Site Evaluation. The evaluation process will allow the Department to discuss with you what types of plans should be submitted and what conditions m
The significant generation of municipal solid waste (MSW) has become a controversial global issue. Pyrolysis and gasification technologies for treating rejects from solid waste disposal sites (SWDSs), for which over 50 % of MSW is attributed to combustible species, have attracted considerable attention. MSW is an alternative energy source that can partly replace fossil resources; there is an increasing awareness that global warming caused by the utilization of fossil resources is occurring.. The goal of this thesis is to realize the efficient and rational utilization of MSW and decrease the harmful impact of pollutants, such as dioxin, HCl, and CO2, on the environment. To achieve this goal, some fundamental studies have been experimentally and numerically conducted to enhance the understanding of the properties of municipal solid waste thermal conversion.. In this thesis, the pyrolysis behaviors of single pelletized recovered fuel were tested. A detailed comparison of the pyrolysis behaviors of ...
Atmospheric pollution is of a major public health concern in many large cities worldwide. However, in many cases only a little attention has been given to this issue in developing countries. Example is the case of Alexandria city in Egypt where two municipal solid waste (MSW) dumpsites were located at the east and west directions of the city. One of the main activities leading to this problem includes deposition of compost and incineration of MSW, which contain high levels of heavy metals. Such activities tend to increase the elemental background levels in the surrounding agricultural land driving to adverse temporal and/or spatial variations of heavy metals levels in soils.. Atmospheric deposition of anthropogenic derived chemicals is an important source of environmental pollution. It contributes to the load of pollutants in urban runoff [1, 2].. Municipal Solid Waste management depends on the characteristic of the solid waste including the gross composition, moisture contents, average particle ...
Highlights: ► The isotopic signature of δ{sup 13}C-DIC of leachates is linked to the reactivity of MSW. ► Isotopic signatures of leachates depend on aerobic/anaerobic conditions in landfills. ► In situ aeration of landfills can be monitored by isotope analysis in leachate. ► The isotopic analysis of leachates can be used for assessing the stability of MSW. ► δ{sup 13}C-DIC of leachates helps to define the duration of landfill aftercare. - Abstract: Stable isotopic signatures of landfill leachates are influenced by processes within municipal solid waste (MSW) landfills mainly depending on the aerobic/anaerobic phase of the landfill. We investigated the isotopic signatures of δ{sup 13}C, δ{sup 2}H and δ{sup 18}O of different leachates from lab-scale experiments, lysimeter experiments and a landfill under in situ aeration. In the laboratory, columns filled with MSW of different age and reactivity were percolated under aerobic and anaerobic conditions. In landfill simulation reactors, ...
Incorporation of waste materials, in this case, municipal solid waste (MSW) and marble residue rich in calcium carbonate in the production of traditional ceramics could give rise to industrial cost savings. At the same time, the utilization and recycling of wastes as a secondary raw material can help solve environmental problems associated with the wastes. In this study, ceramic tile bodies were obtained by adding recycled municipal solid wastes (MSW) and marble residues to standard clay samples. Water absorption capacity and bending strength were measured to evaluate the properties of the resulting ceramic materials. Water absorption increases with an increase in the residue percentage. Addition of waste residues to ceramics also gives rise to a decrease in bending strength. Use of residues in the manufacture of bricks and roofing tiles affects the final properties of these products. The most suitable products were selected based on technological and ceramic behaviour. With respect to the ...
Article Influence of magnetic treatment on the improvement of landfill leachate treatment. Magnetic treatment is an alternative simple approach by which landfill leachate treatment could be improved. The purpose of landfill leachate treatment is to r...
Article Self-sustained vermicomposting plant at municipal solid waste generation point. The increase in quantum of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) generation puts additional burden on MSW and energy management. Out of all the wastes, the biodegradable wa...
TY - BOOK. T1 - Production of butanol and hydrogen by fermentation techniques using steam treated municipal solid wastes : EU BESTF2 MSWBH. AU - de Vrije, Truus. AU - Claassen, Pieternel A.M.. N1 - Project number BESTF14001. PY - 2018. Y1 - 2018. U2 - 10.18174/463764. DO - 10.18174/463764. M3 - Report. T3 - Wageningen Food & Biobased Research report. BT - Production of butanol and hydrogen by fermentation techniques using steam treated municipal solid wastes : EU BESTF2 MSWBH. PB - Wageningen Food & Biobased Research. CY - Wageningen. ER - ...
Hans-Günter Ramke is Professor of Waste Management and Sanitary Landfilling at the Technische Hochschule Ostwestfalen-Lippe - University of Applied Sciences and Arts (DE). He graduated in Civil Engineering at the Technical University Braunschweig, specialising in Environmental Engineering, Road Construction, Geotechnical Engineering. He received his PhD at the same university in 1991. Since 2002 he is publicly certified Expert on Waste Management and Landfill Technology by the Chamber of Engineers of Lower Saxony, Germany. He is Head of the Laboratory of Waste Management, whose main activities include: analyses of municipal and industrial wastes; municipal solid waste management; restoration and aftercare of landfills; computer modelling of water balances and emissions of landfills; energetic utilisation of biological wastes and biomass; hydrothermal carbonisation of organic wastes and residues.. ...
The risk of groundwater pollution is regarded as the principal impact of the disposal of waste on land. In examining this problem, geophysical and geochemical studies were carried out at a solid waste disposal site in Owerri, southeastern Nigeria. The method of solid waste disposal in use is the landfill disposal method. Azimuthal electrical resistivity (ER) soundings were conducted around the site to determine the directions of contaminant transport. Surface and groundwater samples were collected and analysed to determine some geochemical parameters usually considered to be indicators of pollution from solid waste disposal. Comparative studies were made of the geochemical regime before and after the siting of the landfill. Grain size analysis of sediment samples collected at the landfill site were analysed, and found to consist of sand particles with high porosity and permeability. A collection of litho-geophysical logs of the study area gives insight about the nature of the porosity and ...
Landfills are a common method of solid waste disposal. However, not many people are aware of the dangers posed by landfills and the toxic substances which are a substantial threat to the environment. Here are some facts about landfills which many people may not be aware of.
Decaying Food and Municipal Waste Release as Much Greenhouse Gas Pollution as a Million Cars. BALTIMORE - A new report concludes that Marylands municipal waste landfills release four times more methane and carbon dioxide than the states previous estimates, contributing as much greenhouse gas pollution as almost a million cars driving for a year.. The Environmental Integrity Projects report, Greenhouse Gases from Marylands Landfills: Underestimated and Under Regulated, is based on a review of state and federal records and data, with its numbers confirmed through collaboration with the Maryland Department of the Environment (MDE).. In total, decaying food, discarded consumer products, and other household waste in Marylands municipal waste landfills released about 51,500 tons of methane - a potent greenhouse gas - in 2017, the most recent year for which complete data were available, which was more than four times the 12,500 tons estimated by Maryland, according to EIPs report.. In response ...
SESSION 2B. Waste Generation and Composition. Seasonal Variations of Compost Characteristics from Municipal Solid Wastes of Mysore City, Karnataka, India, Shiddappa, Belagali and Shyamala D.C, India. Biodegradability of The Organic Fraction Content from The Municipal Solid Waste Confined in a Closured Landfill,Otoniel Buenrostro, Alfredo Nila, Liliana Márquez, Mexico. SESSION 2C. Composting and Biological Treatment. Hyperspectral Sensing Techniques for Mesophilic Anaerobic Reaction Monitoring and Control, Silvia Serranti, Andrea Fabbri, Giuseppe Bonifazi, Italy. Biowaste Quality and Its Effect on the Fertilizer Value of Compost, Nils Bauerschlag, Anna Wagner, Sebastian Kaufeld, Germany. Effect of Plastic on Biodegradation of Municipal Solid Waste, Susmita Dutta, Debabrata Mukhopadhyay, Jyotiprakash Sarkar, Rahul Patra And Nilesh Halder, India. Preliminary Design for Rotating Barrel Composting System for Sustainable Solid Waste Management in Benin Metropolis, Nigeria, Dennis Iyeke Igbinomwanhia, ...
storm water, residuals, clay liner materials, heavy metal, surface area, surface complexation model, SEM analysis, pycnometry, Freundlich isotherm, competitive interaction, clay, metal species binding kinetics, first order reaction, shrinking-core model, redox potential, pH, porosity, hydraulic conductivity, diffuse-layer model, competitive adsorption, FITEQL, MINTEQ, speciation,, RFA, Scientific Discipline, Waste, Sustainable Industry/Business, Municipal, Sustainable Environment, Technology for Sustainable Environment, Chemistry and Materials Science, Ecology and Ecosystems, Environmental Engineering, clay liners, computer based leachate model, landfill design, modeling, municipal waste, evaluation of leaching, landfills, municipal solid waste landfills, heavy metal emissions, waste management, geosynthetic clay liners, urban waste ...
Landfills Infrastructure Essay, Research Paper THE LANDFILLS INFRASTRUCTURE What is the largest construction you can think of? Does a landfill come to your mind? Probably not. One of the largest buildings on the face of the earth is the Pyramid of the sun, constructed in Mexico and covers approximately thirty million cubic feet of space.
Knowledge on the pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) in landfill leachates, which are an important source of PPCPs in the environment, was very limited. Hence, four sampling campaigns were conducted to determine eighteen PPCPs in the landfill leachates from a landfill reservoir in Shanghai. Five of the target PPCPs were first included in a landfill leachate study. Additionally, their removal from landfill leachates by a full-scale membrane bioreactor (MBR) was illustrated. The results showed fourteen out of eighteen PPCPs were detectable in at least one sampling campaign and achieved individual concentrations ranging from 0.39 to 349μg/L in the landfill leachates. Some PPCPs exhibited higher contamination levels than those reported in other countries. Good removal of PPCPs by MBR led to a largely reduced contamination level (|LOQ to 10.6μg/L) in the treated landfill leachates, which was, however, still much higher than those in municipal wastewaters in Shanghai. To the best of our
-The Star- KUALA LUMPUR: About 90% of landfills in the country are mere open dumpsites and only a handful are sanitary landfills that meet the rules set by the Housing and Local Government Ministry. Of these landfills, the Government has identified 16 critical ones situated near water intake points or the sea. It is learnt…
There are multiple opportunities to learn more about proper yard waste management.. Residents can consult this brief guide about other ways to protect our lakes by keeping the streets leaf-free.. The Ripple Effects website has a detailed information about leaf management and other important storm water issues. On the Ripple Effects website, you can sign up to receive text or email alerts on when the street gutter should be raked in advance of a rainstorm to prevent a release of nutrients into the storm water system. Ripple Effects is the website for the Madison Area Municipal Stormwater Partnership.. Residents can also go to the Streets Division yard waste website, www.cityofmadison.com/yardwaste. Collection rules, the pickup schedule map, and a short video about the yard waste collection process can all be found there.. While on the Streets Division yard waste website, residents are encouraged to provide their feedback about yard waste collection, and other Streets Division services, via an ...
Information about Cd distribution inside single municipal solid waste and biomass fly ash particles is fundamental since it affects its leachability. The internal 2D distributions of the main and trace elements in such highly inhomogeneous matrixes were successfully determined by means of the combined synchrotron radiation induced micro X-ray fluorescence (mu-SRXRF) and tomography (mu-SRXRFT) techniques. Scanning mu-SRXRF measurements show Cd elemental distribution within single fly ash particles to be inhomogeneous, but no information can be obtained about its internal distribution. During mu-SRXRFT analysis, single fly ash particles are successively measured by a rotational-translational scan in a VH = 2 x 5 mum(2) microbeam. The 2D internal elemental distribution images, obtained by the modified simultaneous algebraic reconstruction technique algorithm, provide the size and the location of Cd-containing areas together with the location of other measurable elements. Results showed Cd concentration to
EPA is proposing amendments to the ``Standards of Performance for Municipal Solid Waste Landfills (Landfills NSPS), to the ``Emission Guidelines and Compliance Times for Municipal Solid Waste Landfills (landfills emission guidelines), to the ``National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air...
Renewable Methanol Market by Feedstock (Agricultural Waste, Forestry Residues, Municipal Solid Waste, Co2 Emissions, and Others), Application (Formaldehyde, Dimethyl Ether & Methyl Tert-Butyl Ether (MTBE), Gasoline, Solvents, and Others), and End-User Industry (Chemicals, Transportation, Power Generation, and Others): Global Opportunity Analysis and Industry Forecast, 2020-2027. ...
This statistic represents the rate of metals recovered from municipal solid waste in the United States between 1990 and 2017, by type.
Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of Fermentation of Municipal Solid Waste to Lactic Acid using Lactobacillus Salivarius. Together they form a unique fingerprint. ...
Landfills (municipal and hazardous waste) water quality impact publications are available. Emphasis is on groundwater pollution and other adverse impacts associated with landfilling of solid wastes in Subtitle D and C landfills
Landfills (municipal and hazardous waste) water quality impact publications are available. Emphasis is on groundwater pollution and other adverse impacts associated with landfilling of solid wastes in Subtitle D and C landfills
A transfer station in waste terminology is a location that facilitates the transport of refuse (trash disposed of in the black bins). Our transfer station serves to temporarily store refuse collected throughout the City before a larger truck is ready to pick it up and transport it for the long haul to the nearest landfill. As the Citys own landfills are all closed, the destinations are private landfills. In 2004, the City of Los Angeles purchased Central L.A. Recycling & Transfer Station (CLARTS). As the recycling operations that were previously done at the facility have ceased, the City continues to operate the facility as a transfer station. Learn more about transfer stations and their operations.. ...
Widespread disposal of landfill leachate to municipal sewer infrastructure in the United States calls for an improved understanding of the relative organic-chemical contributions to the wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) waste stream and associated surface-water discharge to receptors in the environment. Landfill leachate, WWTP influent, and WWTP effluent samples were collected from three landfill-WWTP systems and compared with analogous influent and effluent samples from two WWTPs that did not receive leachate. Samples were analyzed for 73 per-/poly-fluoroalkyl substances (PFAS), 109 pharmaceuticals, and 21 hormones and related compounds. PFAS were detected more frequently in leachate (92%) than in influent (55%). Total PFAS concentrations in leachate (93,100 ng/L) were more than ten times higher than in influent (6,950 ng/L), and effluent samples (3,730 ng/L). Concentrations of bisphenol A; the nonprescription pharmaceuticals cotinine, lidocaine, nicotine; and the prescription pharmaceuticals
B. Industrial Solid Waste. Industrial solid waste - the non-toxic or non-hazardous waste generated by various industries is normally not identified as different from municipal solid waste coming from domestic and commercial activities. In many ASEAN countries, it has been included as part of municipal solid waste. As a result, there is an absence of a systematic database on industrial solid waste and the exact rates of industrial waste generation are not known. The lack of information on industrial solid waste is lamentable because it can actually include a wide range of materials that may have different levels of impact on the environment.. The types of industrial solid waste would include packaging materials, paper, housekeeping wastes, food wastes, scrap materials such as glass and ceramics, resins, plastics, metal and plastic scraps, stones, cloth, rubber, straw, wood waste, products which are off-specification and a variety of materials not officially specified as or are known to be ...
Waste Flow Chart Uftmf Example Inlet For Treated Download Flowcharts Municipal Solid Management Ewater Treatment Waste Flow Chart Flowcharts food waste flow chart integrated solid waste management flow chart biomedical waste flow chart solid waste management flow chart wastewater management flow chart The rectangle symbol is your go-to symbol. It represents any step in the process flow youre diagramming and is the workhorse of the flowchart diagram. Give it a lump of sugar and it will love you forever. Find Your Next Flowcharts
Half of the plastics we use today are used once and then left to accumulate in landfills. This statistic is symbolic of a greater issue: given our ever-increasing rate of plastic consumption, overstuffed landfills will create dire problems for future generations. And while humans eventually will have to face the consequences of plastic pollution on…
Landfills in San Francisco on YP.com. See reviews, photos, directions, phone numbers and more for the best Landfills in San Francisco, CA.
According to the latest EPA data, Americans generated about 250 million tons of trash in 2011 and recycled and composted almost 87 million tons of this material, equivalent to a 34.7 percent recycling rate. Municipal solid waste does not include industrial, hazardous, or construction waste. It is things that we commonly use and then throw away such as packaging, food waste, computers, and furniture. Hazardous has any of the four characteristics: ignitability, corrosivity, reactivity, or toxicity.. Organic materials comprise the largest percent of municipal solid waste. Paper and paperboard are next at 28 percent and yard trimmings and food waste accounts for another 28 percent.. The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) set forth a framework for the management of non-hazardous wastes, as well as giving the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) the authority to control hazardous waste from the cradle-to-grave, which includes the generation, transportation, treatment, storage, and ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Effects of inorganic anions on Fenton oxidation of organic species in landfill leachate. AU - Deng, Yang. AU - Rosario-Muniz, Edualberto. AU - Ma, Xingmao. PY - 2012/1/1. Y1 - 2012/1/1. N2 - Fenton oxidation typically achieves only a moderate removal efficiency of chemical oxidation demand (COD) in treatment of a landfill leachate, incomparable to some other chemical oxidation processes (e.g. electrochemical oxidation). A traditional viewpoint is that the remaining highly oxidized organic species become recalcitrant to hydroxyl radical (OH·)-induced oxidation at a higher degree of Fenton oxidation. Although this may, at least partially, be true, the effects of inorganic anions, which are abundant in leachate, on Fenton oxidation have been largely ignored. The objective of this study is to assess the roles of three inorganic anions (nitrate, sulfate, and chloride) originally present in or externally added to leachate during Fenton oxidation of refractory organic species in ...
IV. Policies: King County solid waste facilities are designed, constructed, and operated primarily for the management of municipal solid waste. Waste other than municipal solid waste may be accepted with conditions, including formal waste clearance, or prohibited. King Countys rules for acceptance of various waste types are described below.. A. Aerosol cans or small pressurized containers are accepted if they have been completely emptied through use. A can is empty when all contents have been completely sprayed out, and minimal or no product remains in the can. Containers holding compressed gases are empty when the pressure inside the container is equal-or nearly equal-to atmospheric pressure. Aerosol cans that are not empty are not accepted from residents in large quantities (more than 10 cans) and are not accepted from businesses in any quantity. Pressurized containers from residential customers may also be taken to household hazardous waste facilities. Call the Household Hazards Line at ...
473.811 Waste management by counties, defined local units. Subdivision 1. County acquisition of facilities. To accomplish the purpose specified in section 473.803, each metropolitan county may acquire by purchase, lease, gift or condemnation as provided by law, upon such terms and conditions as it shall determine, including contracts for deed and conditional sales contracts, solid waste facilities or properties or easements for solid waste facilities which are in accordance with rules adopted by the agency, the policy plan and the approved county master plan, and may improve or construct improvements on any property or facility so acquired. No metropolitan city, county or town shall own or operate a hazardous waste facility, except a facility to manage household hazardous waste. Each metropolitan county is authorized to levy a tax in anticipation of need for expenditure for the acquisition and betterment of solid waste facilities. If a tax is levied in anticipation of need, the purpose must be ...
URBAN FOOD WASTE COMPOSTINGBijaya K. Adhikari Department of Bioresource Engineering McGill University, Montreal December 2005 A thesis su...
Solid waste collection is among the occupations with the highest risk for injuries and illnesses. Solid waste collector injuries were characterized in terms of injury risk and employment industry sector (public versus private) using Kentucky workers compensation first reports of injury and claims data. When compared to 35-44-year-old workers, solid waste collectors who were under 35 years of age
Reichelderfer said they wanted to get this version of updates completed prior to next year when they are expected to begin reviewing the rules again as part of a periodic update of the 15-year plan which is meant to prohibit and limit the receipt of solid waste generated outside the district; govern the maintenance, protection and use of solid waste collection or solid waste facilities in the district; and govern the development and implementation of a program for the inspection of solid waste materials generated outside of the state ...
Landfills Air Pollution. Air Compliance and Enforcement Jeff Meyer. Overview. Landfill Overview Emissions Permit Applicability Potential to Emit Permit Requirements Federal Regulations. Landfill Overview. 846 Landfill sites in New Jersey Slideshow 1617196 by marlo
Waste disposal simply means removing and destroying or storing damaged, used or other unwanted domestic, agricultural or industrial products and substances. Disposal includes burning, burial at landfill sites or at sea, and recycling, while improper waste disposal re disposal of refuse without proper supervision which often amounts damage to the environment and ultimately to the human body system The environmentalists expressed their serious concern over the unscientific and improper management of municipal solid waste, describing it as hazardous to human health. Improper disposal of hazardous waste causes adverse effects on human health and the environment. The normal practices of waste disposal such as insanitary open dump, land filling, discharge in water courses, or open-pit burning will need modification when dealing with hazardous wastes. The principle hazard of improper waste disposal is contamination of soil and groundwater. This arises largely from the waste containing hazardous ...
Dioxin emissions from municipal solid waste incinerators are one of the major sources of dioxins and therefore are an exposure source of public concern. There is growing epidemiologic evidence of an increased risk for non-Hodgkins lymphoma (NHL) in the vicinity of some municipal solid waste incinerators with high dioxin emission levels. The purpose of this study was to examine this association on a larger population scale. The study area consisted of four French administrative departments, comprising a total of 2270 block groups. NHL cases that had been diagnosed during the period 1990-1999, and were aged 15 years and over, were considered. Each case was assigned a block group by residential address geocoding. Atmospheric Dispersion Model System software was used to estimate immissions in the surroundings of 13 incinerators which operated in the study area. Then, cumulative ground-level dioxin concentrations were calculated for each block group. Poisson multiple regression models, incorporating
The project will establish a sustainable and effective solid waste management (SWM) system in Ebeye, the Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI), by (i) building a high-temperature incinerator and upgrading the dump site, (ii) upgrading and replacing equipment for municipal solid waste management, (iii) strengthening institutional capacity to sustain the SWM services, The
Legislation for Solid Waste Management: 10.4018/978-1-4666-9610-5.ch002: The legal and institutional framework, as well as the international trends in solid waste management, serves as the basis for the formulation of a policy
SWANAs updated Managing Integrated Solid Waste Management Systems addressing the many and varied duties of the municipal solid waste system manager.
Many interventions were sought in the past to address the human health and aquatic life implications associated with poor Municipal Solid Waste Management (MSWM) practices. Majority of such interventions failed to recognise that such human health risks and threats to aquatic life are to a large extent moderated by unique characteristics of different urban and rural spaces where such waste is generated. They failed to employ multiple criteria-based evaluation models that are appropriate in depicting the complex and often interrelated criteria inherently associated with MSWM. This study used the Hierarchical Cluster Analysis (HCA) to evaluate several interdependent variables that define human health and aquatic life hazards associated with poor MSWM practices. Specifically, HCA was used to identify relative similarities among, and distances between a sample of 26 Ethiopian cities and towns in terms of MSWM health threats. Results indicated that threats to human health and aquatic life are ...
On Oct. 30, 2019, EPA, FDA and USDA jointly announced a new partnership with the Food Waste Reduction Alliance (FWRA) https://www.usda.gov/media/press-releases/2019/10/30/usda-epa-and-fda-announce-partnership-food-waste-reduction-alliance an industry-led initiative focused on reducing food waste by increasing food donation and sending unavoidable food waste to productive use and away from landfills https://foodwastealliance.org/ - The Agencies will … formalize industry education and outreach efforts with the Grocery Manufacturers Association, the Food Marketing Institute, and the National Restaurant Association … - The EPA/FDA/USDA partnership with FWRA is a continuation of the Winning on Reducing Food Waste Initiative, a collaborative government effort to reduce food loss and waste https://www.usda.gov/sites/default/files/documents/usda-fda-epa-formal-agreement.pdf - Summarized by Jack Cooper [email protected] - Text to 301 384 8287 - #FoodWaste ...
Bioreactor landfills have become a feasible alternative to the typical â dry tombâ landfill. By recirculating leachate and/or adding additional liquid wastes, bioreactor landfills operate to rapidly degrade and transform organic wastes. The reactions within a bioreactor landfill create elevated temperatures. The intent of this study was to determine the effect of elevated temperature on the degradation of lignocellulose compounds. In order to observe the effects of temperature on lignin, small bioreactors were created in the laboratory. Several experiments were performed by the authors. Solubility of lignin based on temperature and time of thermal exposure were conducted. In addition, degradation studies were conducted based on biological treatment of lignin as well as a combination of biological and thermal treatment. Samples were collected at specified intervals to determine the amount of water soluble lignin (WSL), volatile fatty acids (VFAs), lignin monomers, and/or methane present. Lignin ...
Learn about how our solid waste incinerators and combustion systems provide solutions for metal recovery, medical waste disposal, and solid waste streams.
DOVER - The City of Dover, along with the towns of Rollinsford, Lee and Madbury, will hold a Hazardous Waste Collection Day next month. The collection is set for Saturday, Aug. 26,from 8:30 a.m. to 12:30 p.m., at the Citys Community Services facility, 271 Mast Road in Dover. The goal of Hazardous Waste Collection Day is to allow for the proper disposal of household hazardous materials. Residents of the four communities can bring household hazardous waste to Community Services for
Madison Wis. -- Wisconsin residents would lose their ability to send old computers and other household electronics to landfills in the state under legislation proposed by state Sen. Mark Miller of Monona. Miller on Tuesday said he would introduce legislation similar to that he proposed in February 2004 but with some changes to the original proposal. He expects broad legislative,Bill,would,ban,computers,from,landfills,biological,advanced biology technology,biology laboratory technology,biology device technology,latest biology technology
Maine State Department of EnvironmenMaine State Department of Environmental Protection, Bureau of Remediation and Waste Management Solid Waste Programstal Protection, Bureau of Remediation and Waste Management, Residuals, Sludge and Composting Program
Definitions of Terms Used in Sewage and Sewage Disposal Practice. After several conferences were held to try to unify sewerage and sewage disposal practice terminology in 1926, there remained considerable differences of opinion. In the fall of 1926, definitions in alternate of approximately 70 terms were sent to about 100 sanitary engineers, 35 of whom replied, giving definite expressions of opinion. Definitions of Terms used in Sewerage and Sewage Disposal Practice harmonizes these differences in technical opinions, compiling a wide range of vocabulary into a useful, concise list. This document would be useful to engineers in the field of sewerage and sewage disposal.
TY - JOUR. T1 - A comparison of syringe disposal practices among injection drug users in a city with versus a city without needle and syringe programs. AU - Tookes, Hansel E.. AU - Kral, Alex H.. AU - Wenger, Lynn D.. AU - Cardenas, Gabriel A.. AU - Martinez, Alexis N.. AU - Sherman, Recinda L.. AU - Pereyra, Margaret. AU - Forrest, David W. AU - LaLota, Marlene. AU - Metsch, Lisa R.. PY - 2012/6/1. Y1 - 2012/6/1. N2 - Background: The United States (U.S.) approved use of federal funds for needle and syringe programs (NSPs) in December 2009. This study compares syringe disposal practices in a U.S. city with NSPs to a U.S. city without NSPs by examining the prevalence of improperly discarded syringes in public places and the self-reported syringe disposal practices of injection drug users (IDUs) in the two cities. Methods: We conducted visual inspection walkthroughs in a random sample of the top-quartile of drug-affected neighborhoods in San Francisco, California (a city with NSPs) and Miami, ...
If you or your business generates, collects or hauls solid waste - including construction and demolition debris, yard debris, food waste, recyclables or household garbage - there are important rules you need to know about proper recycling and disposal. Knowing which requirements apply to you can help save natural resources and reduce your disposal costs.
There is a growing understanding, at the global level, about the negative impacts that waste can have on the local environment (air, water, land) and human health etc. The increasing complexity, costs, and coordination implied by proper waste management require multi-stakeholder involvement at every stage of the process. Waste management is usually one of the most complex and cost-intensive public services, even when well organized and operated properly. In developing countries, waste management has the highest share in municipalities׳ budgets, spending from 20% to 50% of their available budget on solid waste management. A significant part (up to 80-90%) of the solid waste management budget is used for waste collection. Services typically cover, however, only about 40-70% of all urban solid wastes, with the remainder being uncollected and less than 50% of the population being served.. Population growth, urbanization, and economic development are expected to produce increasing quantities of ...
Generally solid waste includes municipal waste, industrial solid waste and hazardous waste, and the industrial hazardous wastes in this article refers to hazardous products which are produced or discharged during the production or processing of industrial plant and mining enterprises. It is classified as National Hazardous Waste List or recognized as hazardous solid waste. T
As the generation of industrial wastes increases, waste treatment is steadily becoming a serious economic and environmental issue. Existing waste has mainly been treated by landfilling after incineration. A shortage of landfill sites necessitates waste management alternatives other than traditional incineration and landfill. This paper focuses on a cost-benefit analysis that evaluates the economic and environmental performances of five treatment strategies for flammable industrial wastes: incineration, refuse plastic fuel (RPF) boiler, RPF cement furnace, cement furnace after shredding of wastes, and paper incineration after shredding of wastes. For such purposes, our model considered the entire process of each waste treatment, which involves collection, transportation, treatment, recovery, and the disposal of flammable industrial wastes that pose risks to their surroundings. Case studies of each treatment processes are reviewed, and a cost-benefit analysis is performed to evaluate and identify the
The Office of Environmental Assistance and Protection promotes pollution prevention, recycling, composting and best management practices for solid waste. Our staff is responsible for enforcement of the county code requirements for solid waste, recycling and prohibiting open burning. Daily activities include inspection of private landfills and mobile home parks, and responding to complaints regarding improper storage and disposal of solid waste, garbage and refuse, illegal dumping, and open burning. Upon request, we conduct individual property evaluations and neighborhood surveys to assess general sanitation and waste management practices.. Click here for more information on Recycling in Forsyth County.. Citizens are encouraged to report incidents of unauthorized dumping and open burning to the Office of Environmental Assistance and Protection at (336) 703-2440. To report someone littering on any roadway visit Swat-A-Litterbug. Solid waste services vary depending on where you live in Forsyth ...
DUDLEY -- Saturday will be Hazardous Waste Collection Day at the Wayne County Landfill, 460-B S. Landfill Road, Dudley. Household hazardous waste may be brought to the landfill on that day from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. The service is free to Wayne County residents. Household hazardous wastes include materials that are: * Corrosive: Like oven cleaners, bleach, and other products that can cause skin burns * Reactive: Like chlorine, lye, some laboratory chemicals and other products that can explode or give off gases * Toxic: Like pesticides, herbicides, antifreeze and other poisonous materials that can kill or cause illness Wayne County Solid Waste Department officials offer the following suggestions for preparing/transporting wastes: * Leave materials in their original containers * Never mix materials * Wrap bottles with newspaper for padding * Bring the items to the Household Hazardous Waste Collection Facility, located at the Wayne County Landfill (Dudley Convenience Center) * At the landfill, people ...
Exemptions. Pursuant to N.J.S.A. 13:1E-99.16(d), the governing body of a municipality may exempt persons occupying commercial or institutional premises within its municipal boundaries from the source-separation requirements of the ordinance which requires persons generating municipal solid waste within its municipal boundaries to source-separate from the municipal solid waste stream the specified recyclable materials, if those persons have otherwise provided for the recycling of all designated recyclable materials. To be eligible for an exemption pursuant to this section, a commercial or institutional generator of solid waste shall file an application for exemption with the Municipal Recycling Coordinator on forms to be provided for this purpose. The form shall include, at a minimum, the following information: the name of the commercial or institutional entity; the street address location and lot and block designation; the name, official title and phone number of the person making application on ...
For further information: Donald L. Hassig, Director, Cancer Action NY; P O Box 340, Colton, NY 13625; [email protected]; www.canceractionny.org; 315 262 2456. ****************************************************************************************. OPEN WASTE BURNING AS A MAJOR SOURCE OF DIOXIN RELEASES. Donald L. Hassig, Director, Cancer Action. The 1997 US Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) report, Evaluation of Emissions from the Open Burning of Household Waste in Barrels, provides a quantification of pollutants released by open waste fires. (Lemieux, 1997) The author indicates that burning the residential waste (paper, plastics, rubber, foam rubber and metal foils) of 1.5 families in barrels can release an amount of dioxins into the environment equal to that released by a municipal solid waste incinerator burning 200 tons per day. In follow-up test burns, the Agency has determined that open waste burning creates and releases dioxins over a considerable range of values due to ...
Heat, gas, and leachate are primary by-products of landfill processes in municipal solid waste landfills. In nuclear waste repository, temperature of the waste also raises due to radioactivity processes. Temperature increase in the repository induces hydro-mechanical processes of its sealing material. Moderate to high temperature is expected to be encountered in the field situation. In this thesis, a study on the thermo-hydro-mechanical behavior of compacted bentonite-sand mixtures which are among the materials proposed to be used as sealing material for landfills and hazardous waste repository is presented. Mixtures of a calcium-type bentonite, Calcigel, and quartz sand were used in this study. Series of tests including suction and swelling pressure measurement, drying-wetting under unconfined and confined conditions were conducted at a moderately high temperature. Tests at room temperature including basic and physico-chemical characterization, microstructure and fabric studies, and osmotic ...
All members of the chemical group of phthalates are salts of phthalic acid and in the international literature dealing with phthalates, the chemical group seems to have been regarded as phthalic acid diesters only, although, the diesters might be degraded to phthalic acid monoesters and phthalic acid. PDEs are widely used in a range of different products such as in, cardboard, paint, ink, adhesives, perfumes, but mainly as plasticisers in polyvinyl chloride (PVC) plastics. They are not chemically bound to the products and are therefore able to migrate to the aquatic environment. Biodegradation is considered to be the most significant fate process for phthalate diesters (Staples et al., 1997) and degradation of phthalate diesters to monoesters has been shown to occur in both aerobic (Inman et al., 1984; Shelton et al., 1984) and anaerobic (Ejlertsson et al., 1996) laboratory studies. Together with the diesters also the monoesters and phthalic acid has been found in old landfills with methanogenic ...
Allied Waste Industries, Inc. was a Fortune 500 company headquartered in Phoenix, Arizona. A vertically integrated company that owned and operated solid waste collection businesses, recycling facilities, and landfills, it was a leader in the solid waste industry in the United States. It served more than 10 million residential, commercial and industrial customers across 128 major markets in 37 states and Puerto Rico. After purchasing Houston-based giant waste hauler Browning-Ferris Industries (BFI) in 1999, together with private equity firms The Blackstone Group and Apollo Management., Allied Waste Industries, Inc. became the second largest non-hazardous solid waste management company in the United States (behind industry leader Waste Management, Inc.), with annual revenues of over $5 billion and assets of nearly $14 billion. On June 23, 2008, Allied was purchased by its smaller competitor Republic Services, Inc for US$6.1 billion. The merged company, retaining the Republic name, has become the ...
In the north Front Range region, responsible solid waste management has long been a shared goal of the governing agencies within Larimer County. The sister cities of Loveland and Fort Collins collaborated with the County to open a jointly owned landfill (5887 N. Taft Hill Rd) in 1972 to ensure environmental regulations can be met for trash disposal in our region. With a closure date for the Larimer County landfill approaching (2025), these partners plus the neighboring community of Estes Park are once again working together, to evaluate waste management needs and develop guidance plans into the next 50-100 years.. The Coalition was formed in 2015 to address the future of solid waste management in light of the upcoming Larimer County landfill closure. The Coalition includes a Policy Advisory Committee (PAC) made up of elected officials from Fort Collins, Loveland, Estes Park, and Larimer County, and a Technical Advisory Committee (TAC) made up of staff members from the same entities.. The current ...
Waste to Energy: A Possibility for Puerto Rico, 5-2007 - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. WASTE TO ENERGY: A POSSIBILITY FOR PUERTO RICO May 2007 Prepared for US Environmental Protection Agency, Region 2 Columbia University School of International and Public Affairs Michael Carim, Whitney Blake, Alex Amerman, Billy Gridley, Monica Kurpiewski, Sung Ah Lee, Safet Marke, Nina Kishore, Adam Raphaely, Allison Diana Reilly Faculty Advisor: Dr. Steven Cohen Table of Contents Executive Summary………………………………………………………………………...……1 Introduction…………....…………………………………………………………………...…….2 Section I
Land, structures and other appurtenances or improvements where municipal or residual waste disposal or processing is permitted or takes place or where hazardous waste is treated, stored or disposed. The term includes land thereby used or affected during the lifetime of operations, including areas where solid waste management actually occurs, support facilities, offices, equipment sheds, air and water pollution control and treatment systems, access roads, associated on-site or contiguous collection, transportation and storage facilities, closure and post-closure care and maintenance activities, contiguous borrow areas and other activities in which the natural land surface has been disturbed or used as a result of or incidental to operation of the facility. A waste facility must meet the requirements of Title 25 of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania Code, Article VII to Article IX, and any state or federal act or laws, as applicable and amended, such as the Solid Waste Management Act,[16] the Clean ...
The city will host a Household Hazardous Waste Collection event on Saturday, March 25, from 9:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m. at the Duncanville High School softball parking lot (on the west side of North Greenstone Lane). Please bring your drivers license and utility bill. No vouchers are required. Please see the attached flyers for additional information, or contact Solid Waste Coordinator Jessica Smith at (972) 780-4900.. ...
Leachate continues to be generated from landfills at the Auburn Road Landfill Superfund Site in Londonderry, New Hampshire. Impermeable caps on the three landfills at the site inhibit direct infiltration of precipitation; however, high water-table conditions allow groundwater to interact with landfill materials from below, creating leachate and ultimately reducing conditions in downgradient groundwater. Reducing conditions can facilitate arsenic transport by allowing it to stay in solution or by liberating arsenic adsorbed to surfaces and from geologic sources, such as glacial sediments and bedrock. The site occupies a 180-acre parcel of land containing streams, ponds, wetlands, and former gravel pits located in glacial sediment. Four areas, totaling 14 acres, including three landfills and one septage lagoon, were used for waste disposal. The site was closed in 1980 after volatile organic compounds associated with industrial waste dumping were detected. The site was added to the U.S. ...
A lot has been said, written, and demonstrated about the inadequacies in solid waste management and its associated problems. According to a United Nations Conference on Human Settlement report, one third to one-half of solid waste generated within most cities in low- and middle-income countries, of which Ghana is no exception, are not collected. They usually end up as illegal dumps on streets, open spaces, and waste lands (UNCHS 1996).. Despite the importance of adequate solid waste management to the urban environment, the performance of many city authorities in this respect leaves much to be desired. According to Malombe (1993), irregular services rendered to producers of refuse by municipal councils compel them to find ways of disposing of refuse. He observed that the main methods adopted by the producers are burning, composting, or indiscriminate dumping.. This is very pertinent in Ghana where waste management services are largely inefficient and ineffective. It is estimated that about 83% of ...
Two researchers from Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Curtis Travis and Sheri Hester, have just published a new study of chemical contamination of planet Earth and have confirmed what many people already knew: the entire surface is polluted. What separates Travis and Hester from other U.S. government researchers before them is their stated belief that all this pollution is taking its toll on human health: We maintain that ambient [normal, everyday] levels of pollution have risen to the point where human health is being affected on a global scale. Furthermore, they conclude that planet-wide contamination seems certain to increase because U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) does not even try to prevent the spread of low levels of chemicals through air, water, and soil. EPAs regulatory programs have other goals. EPAs regulatory programs are aimed at protecting the most-exposed individual near any given facility. Whether its mercury released from a municipal solid waste incinerator ...
Easily track the collection schedule using the Recycle Coach app or the waste collection calendar.. During weeks when leaf and yard waste is not collected, residents should not set their leaf bags to the curb - they will not be collected with regular garbage pickup. Leaf bags should be in paper bags or reusable containers. Leaf and yard waste will not be picked up if its in plastic bags.. This past year, weve asked Cornwallites to be more careful about their waste. The landfill will be full in a little over a decade, said Dave Kuhn, Waste Management Supervisor. We can no longer accept leaf and yard waste in the landfill. This is a reusable material and it needs to be separated.. Leaf and yard waste decomposes at the landfill site (separate from the tipping face, where garbage is dumped). After a year, it turns into rich compost. Residents can pick up the compost for free and use it in their home gardens.. If you havent tried grasscycling yet, this is the year to start, encouraged Kuhn. ...
Fairfield residents may take their household hazardous materials to HazWaste Central at 90 Sargent Drive in New Haven (exit 46 off I-95 and follow the signs) any Saturday from the mid May to the last Saturday in October from 9am to 12 noon.. Once a year, the town sponsors a Household Hazardous Waste Collection Day at Veterans Park on Reef Road.. For more details, visit the HazWaste Central web page.. ...
The management of municipal solid waste (MSW), particularly the role of incineration, is currently a subject of public debate. Incineration shows to be a good alternative of reducing the volume of waste and eliminating certain infectious components. Moreover, Municipal Waste Incinerators (MWI), are reported to be highly hygienic and apart from that MWIs are immediately effective in terms of transport (incinerators can be built close to the waste sources) and incinerations nature. Nevertheless, the emissions of many hazardous substances make the Municipal Waste Incineration (MWI) plants to be unpopular. Metals (especially lead, manganese, cadmium, chromium and mercury) are concentrated in fly and bottom ashes. Furthermore, incomplete combustion produces a wide variety of potentially hazardous organic compounds, such as aldehydes, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), chlorinated hydrocarbons including polychlorinated dibenzodioxins (PCDD) and dibenzofurans (PCDF), and even acid gases, ...
Appropriate disposal of used tampons is still lacking in many countries. Because the lack of menstrual management practices in some countries, many sanitary pads or other menstrual products will be disposed into domestic solid wastes or garbage bins that eventually becomes part of a solid wastes.[53]. The issue that underlies the governance or implementation of menstrual waste management is how country categorizes menstrual waste. This waste could be considered as a common household waste, hazardous household waste (which will required to be segregated from routine household waste), biomedical waste given amount of blood it contains , or plastic waste given the plastic content in many commercial disposal pads (some only the outer case of the tampon or pads).[54]. Ecological impact varies according to disposal method (whether a tampon is flushed down the toilet or placed in a garbage bin - the latter is the recommended option). Factors such as tampon composition will likewise impact sewage ...
A review of the need for coal gasification is made at the National level and for the State of Ohio. Current State energy policy promotes the construction of both low and high-Btu coal gasification plants in Ohio. Water requirements of such an industry are estimated and water availability is determined for the Southeastern Ohio study area. Direct stream use, reservoir and groundwater sources are compared economically. Linear programming optimization models are also developed for the coal gasification siting problem. These incorporate the cost of plants, gas transmission, coal supply and transport, solid waste disposal and water supply. Economic efficiency is achieved in meeting the demand for gas at designated market centers. Conclusions are drawn and recommendations made for further analysis ...
In March Lawrence Scioto Solid Waste Management District Director Dan Palmer attended a Scrap Tire Management Summit. The summit was organized by the Organization of Solid Waste Districts of Ohio, in partnership with the County Commissioners Association of Ohio and the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).. One of the over reaching goals of the summit was to bring officials together from throughout the state to talk about scrap times and what can be done to address illegal dumping thats occurring throughout the state.. Palmer said he came away from the summit with a lot of ideas, to help address the issue of tire dumping in Scioto and Lawrence Counties.. Since late last year the Lawrence Scioto Solid Waste Management District, has been involved in an awareness campaign, aimed at informing the communities about penalties of tire dumping.. As a part of the campaign Palmer visited with law enforcement agencies, scrap yards and many other places passing out posters, addressing the possible ...
We should definitely capture any leaking methane from the fossil natural gas system, but lets do so without creating incentives for more fossil natural gas, since in the next decades we will need to get off fossil fuels entirely if we are to preserve our climates stability.. How about the biological methane being emitted from landfills and manure lagoons? Certainly we should capture all of that, but in ways that do not create any perverse incentives. Lets ensure that we are reducing pollution and creating clean energy, which will substitute for dirty energy.. Consider landfill natural gas. The only reason methane comes out of landfills is because theres organic matter in there. If food waste were a country, it would be the third largest greenhouse gas emitter in the world. So where methane is being produced at a landfill, by all means, lets capture it.. Out of the more than 1,000 landfills with significant potential for captured gas, only about 600 do it. And they mostly generate power ...
The Central Landfill is a 154-acre (62 ha) waste disposal site in Johnston, Rhode Island. It is the states only landfill and receives more than 90% of the states solid waste. It has been on the Environmental Protection Agencys Superfund National Priorities List since 1986. The site is owned and operated by the Rhode Island Resource Recovery Corporation (RIRRC). It is the states only landfill and receives more than 90% of the states solid waste. As of 2014[update], the landfill receives about 750,000 tons of waste, which costs about $32 million. It has reached its maximum allowed height and, as it expands outwards to incorporate another 102 acres of land, it is expected to reach capacity in 2038. The agency has explored several options to extend its life, such as cutting the amount of trash it processes, limiting disposal to residential waste, burning trash, and employing temporary measures while waiting for technological solutions. It cannot increase its height further without approval from ...
LA Sanitation (LASAN) provides solid resources collection services to 750,000 households, comprised of 530,000 single-family and 220,000 multi-family units (duplex to four-unit buildings). The four-bin collection system consists of blue bins (recyclables), green bins (tree and yard trimmings), black bins (residual waste) and brown bins (horse manure).. LA Sanitation offers bulky items collection to 600,000 multi-family units. Using the calculation methodology adopted by the State of California, the City has achieved a landfill diversion rate of 76.4%. The City recognizes that waste management is a fundamental component of overall environmental sustainability and climate change efforts, and an integral part of the effort to reduce greenhouse gases.. The Zero Waste Progress Report 2013 conducted by the UCLA Engineering Extensions Municipal Solid Waste Management Program reported that the City of Los Angeles has achieved a recycling rate of 76.4%. An additional survey conducted by the UCLA ...
The Solid Waste Association of North America (SWANA) is an organization of more than 8,500 public and private sector professionals committed to advancing from solid waste management to resource management through their shared emphasis on education, advocacy and research. For more than 50 years, SWANA has been the leading association in the solid waste management field. SWANA serves industry professionals through technical conferences, certifications, publications and a large offering of technica
Application of a safe and reliable technology to destroy dioxins and furans contained in off-gas from municipal solid waste incinerators, based on catalytic filtration and design optimisation of the off-gas cleaning system and operation parameters ...
Quantification and characterization of municipal solid waste is the basis for proper planning of solid waste management but required the…. Read More ...
Burning waste in cement kilns is another form of incineration, and it wastes resources and results in emissions that are harmful to peoples health.. In order to make cement, high temperature kilns (reaching temperatures of up to 1500°C) are needed to produce the clinker that is ultimately ground up and made into cement. Traditionally, coal is used in these kilns, but in the past two decades many alternative fuels have been used. The term alternative fuel has often been used to disguise the fact that this fuel is actually waste.. Cement kilns are neither properly designed for this purpose, nor are they held to the same regulatory standard as other incinerators. The types of waste that cement companies try to burn include used solvents, spent tires, waste oil, paint residue, biomass such as wood chips, treated wood and paper, municipal solid waste, medical waste, and sewage sludge. These are added, along with coal, to the kilns. The cement industry uses these materials because they are ...
"Refuse Disposal Facility". National Environment Agency. 2016. Archived from the original on 24 October 2016. Retrieved 10 ...
"Refuse Collection and Disposal". City of Weyburn. Retrieved 10 November 2010. "Weyburn General Hospital". SunCountry Health ...
... industrial and municipal disposal of sludge; hazardous wastes and refuse; toxicology of pesticides; heavy metals; agricultural ... waste disposal, radiation, pesticides, epidemics, "and countless other phenomena having the potential to threaten the public, ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) W, Maxwell (1898). Removal and disposal of town refuse. London. Read, W. L.; K. A. ... By 1942 this boiler provided the main steam supply, the destructor cells being used only for trade refuse and standby duty. An ...
... and the ad hoc Refuse Disposal District Committee . The dominant political party in the Niagara County Legislature is currently ...
Inadequate drainage, disposal of refuse and animal waste. Absence of adequate MCH care services. Absence and/ or adequate ... sanitation are lack of safe drinking water in many areas of the country and preventive methods of excreta disposal. ...
Waste disposal is the responsibility of the property occupant. There is a local refuse route disposal company. The majority of ...
Provision and maintenance of public transportation and refuse disposal; Registration of births, deaths and marriages; ...
The city's official refuse disposal site is in Vamanjoor. The city generates an average of 175 tonnes per day of waste, which ...
Veterinary services (excluding regulation of veterinary professionals). Cemeteries, funeral homes, crematoria, refuse dumps, ... solid waste disposal. Drug Rehabilitation services. Disaster management. Public health and sanitation. The Kenya Health Policy ...
On the quayside there are bulk disposal bins for refuse. There is also a facility for the disposal of used engine oil at the ...
1 Oct 1910 The Disposal of Refuse in the Tropics. 1 Oct 1911 Dried Milk as a Food. 1 Mar 1920 The Milk Problem in Hot Climates ...
Excavations determined that the site formed a small-scale refuse disposal area. The site was dated between AD 800 and 1200. ...
"Environmental Protection - Refuse Disposal: 70DR - Low-level radioactive waste storage facility" (PDF). Legislative Council, ...
Seeds are spread by fruit-eating birds and improper disposal of garden refuse. The pied currawong is a culprit in Sydney. It ...
Kihss, Peter (February 20, 1967). "Kearing Warns Landfills for Refuse Disposal Will Be Filled in Eight Years" (PDF). The New ... A sewage treatment plant adjacent to Hendrix Creek was also opened around this time, while refuse was used to landfill the ... served as one of five major city facilities for regular refuse during its operation, along with the Fresh Kills and Brookefield ...
p. 2. Willix, Douglas (July 4, 1966). "South Park Refuse-Transfer Station Will Open New Era in Disposal of City Garbage". The ... "North Refuse Station Will Open Tuesday". The Seattle Times. December 27, 1967. p. 48. "Refuse Transfer Station Opens". The ... p. 4. Willix, Doug (November 10, 1966). "No Tennis for Refuse Station". The Seattle Times. p. 31. "Plans Approved For Refuse ... The North Transfer Station, also known as the North Recycling and Disposal Station, is a municipal waste collection and ...
Jack Forton, Area Manager, Refuse Disposal Branch, Public Health Engineering Department, Greater London Council. Anthony ...
Retrieved 2011-03-28.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "EXCRETA, SEWAGE, REFUSE DISPOSAL". Slideshare.net. 25 September ... The area available for the disposal of solid waste is poorly located on the access road to the beach. The service of garbage ... Rivers and springs are often used as open sewers for human waste and garbage disposal. The shortage of drinking water ... The health hazards of improper excreta disposal in Palomino are soil pollution, water pollution, contamination of foods, and ...
A private company working under contract operates the transfer station at the Refuse Disposal Area. The department operates ... the Refuse Disposal Area (RDA, or "town dump"), two railroad stations, and municipal parking lots. The department has six major ... Refuse is trucked to the waste-to-energy incinerator in Bridgeport. Recycled material is hauled to the Intermediate Processing ... Solid Waste Disposal and Recycling - this accounts for about 40 percent of the department budget. ...
Wastes in Hong Kong are first collected from disposal bins to refuse transfer stations (RTS). After they are compacted and put ... There are seven refuse transfer stations in the territory. They serve as centralised collection points for the transfer of ... There are hundreds of collectors in the territory where wastes are located before transferring to refuse transfer stations. ... in containers, they are delivered to disposal lands or recycling centers. ...
It is for services such as refuse collections and disposal, leisure, parks and street cleaning. District rates in 2019 to 2020 ...
6". Municipal Ordinances, Rules, and Regulations Pertaining to Public Hygiene: Garbage and Refuse - Care and Disposal. East ...
... refuse removal; refuse dumps; and solid waste disposal. The Constitution goes on to set out the areas of local authority ... or refusing to deliver up, an article; or "doing or refusing to do any other act or thing of an administrative nature, and a ... revoking or refusing to make an order, award or determination; "giving, suspending, revoking or refusing to give a certificate ... Finally, reasons may serve a genuine educative purpose, for example where an applicant has been refused on grounds which he is ...
The company produced MB trucks, ambulances and refuse disposal trucks with an annual capacity of 7,500. Another project was ...
Wendt, Carl J. (2005). "Using Refuse Disposal Patterns to Infer Olmec Site Structure in the San Lorenzo Region, Veracruz, ... Wendt studied refuse throughout the site, using that information to infer the layout of buildings. Clutter refuse, that is, ... refuse that is potentially valuable or hazardous, was studied and progressed through several stages of disposal: discarded ... When people abandon a house, they usually leave refuse that is out of mind: behind large furniture, in corners, or outside on ...
PSB disposal at landfills Annual disposal surveys were conducted at landfills and Refuse Transfer Stations (RTS). In order to ... PSB disposal at landfills Two landfill surveys were conducted by the EPD in mid-2009 and mid-2010. According to the survey ... The extensive disposal of PSBs is putting stringent pressure on the very limited landfill capacity, thereby causing severe ... In particular, for cooked food outlets, the disposal rate remained more or less the same before and after the second phase ...
He emerged as the leader of the National Council of Refuse Disposal Trade Associations, founded in 1962. Buntrock, Harold ... the group evolved to become the Chicago and Suburban Refuse Disposal Association. It gave the haulers an industry voice and ... At the same time, Waste Management acquired the CID Landfill, a 150-acre disposal facility on the Chicago/Calumet City border ... He expanded to Milwaukee in 1959, acquiring Acme Disposal in a trade for some Chicago collection routes and added Wheeling, ...
Since the Fifties the industrial refuses received different attention and their disposal requirements improved. Leachate, the ... the construction of a waste-to-energy plant in western Sydney was refused. Australia depends on landfill disposal. It ... The disposal depot was originally supposed to operate for a maximum of two years, exclusively disposing of non-toxic waste. De ... The disposal of waste serves, theoretically, as the worst-case scenario; in practice, the usage of landfills is widely adopted ...
Refusing to keep records or permit authorized EPA inspections.. *Making a guarantee other than that specified by the label. ... Storage, disposal, transportation, and recall Section 19 136r Research and monitoring Section 20 ...
After nearly 10,000 pounds of prayer requests and letters to the Tilton ministry were found in a disposal bin at a Tulsa area ... but the court refused to hear the case.[21] ... Dallas Observer in 2006 that reports of prayer request disposal ...
With it, Colossus has a new power at his disposal and his demon arm allows him to wield it. Meanwhile, as Domino (who was ... Jean Grey suggests they leave the domain but Cyclops refuses. Longshot joins them and tells them the grim news. Moments later, ...
Disposal of corpses soon became a problem for the government and the public, as numbers overwhelmed cremation houses, burial ... The Cabinet also refused offers of food shipments from several different nations.[G] When such shipments did begin to increase ... poor water quality and waste disposal, increased vermin, and unburied dead. All of these factors are closely associated with ...
The garrison numbered some 10,000 men, and they had at their disposal 154 fixed artillery pieces, 67 reserve artillery pieces, ... if they refused, be indiscriminately massacred. Both scenarios accomplished the goal of the Ottoman Turks, removal of Armenians ...
The passengers refused to disembark, spending weeks in difficult conditions. The ship was then taken to Germany, where the ... A British Army truck detonated one of the mines, and a police bomb disposal expert was killed attempting to defuse another.[51] ... Britain refused to comply with these conditions on the grounds that the decision was unacceptable to the Arabs. It neither ... In the British zone they were refused support on the grounds that they were not displaced by the war.[37] ...
The god gave her the gift of prophecy; when she refused his advances, he cursed her so that her prophetic warnings would go ... Nightingale had £45,000 at her disposal from the Nightingale Fund to set up the Nightingale Training School at St. Thomas' ...
Although market analysts regularly forecast the end of the bubble as only a few years away, the bubble refused to burst. Some ... the challenges of water disposal, NIMBY issues, and other factors. In recent years, changes in production technology (notably ...
Refuse-derived fuel (RDF), agricultural and industrial wastes, sewage sludge, switch grass, discarded seed corn, corn stover ... waste disposal, electricity generation and heat recovery.[23] ... Waste disposalEdit. HTCW reactor, one of several proposed waste ... 25million commercial facility that aims to generate 22GWh per annum of grid-quality natural gas from waste wood and refuse ...
She refused several offers from others, such as Albert Speer, to take the children out of Berlin. The children seemed unaware ... Later, the City of Berlin placed a second lakeside house at his disposal, Lanke am Bogensee, as an official residence, which ...
... he consistently refused to reveal to them the principles on which his motor operated, and also repeatedly refused demands to ... and Keely claimed that he had about 22,000 psi of pressure at his disposal.[5] ... "INVENTOR KEELY IN JAIL.; SENT TO PRISON FOR REFUSING TO OBEY THE COURT." (PDF), New York Times, November 18, 1888. ... It reported that Keely refused to disclose what the vapor was or how it was generated until he had taken out patents in "all ...
Patients often opposed psychiatry and refused or stopped taking the drugs when not subject to psychiatric control. ... Controversies have arisen over drug pricing and disposal of used drugs. Contents. ...
The company was initially known as American Refuse Systems, and it opened its first landfill in 1968. The company soon became ... Browning-Ferris Industries v. Kelco Disposal, a United States Supreme Court case involving BFI and a competitor Hal Bernson, ...
Moore had refused to pay in protest at the BBC's unwillingness to dismiss Jonathan Ross in the wake of his involvement in The ... It says that 'a range of detection tools at our disposal in our vans.' It is also stated that the available equipment has been ... They refuse to release any details of the technology supposedly used as to do so would "change the public's perception of the ... TV licence evasion is not punishable by a period of imprisonment per se, but if convicted evaders refuse to pay the fine they ...
The pope accepted the Ley Juárez and disposals of Lerdo Law, but demanded the ability to acquire political rights. The ... Conservatives refused to recognize the new constitution or the liberal government. Conservative Félix Zuloaga established a ...
Negotiations with the Soviet Union concerning a similar guarantee collapsed when Romania refused to allow the Red Army to cross ... In November 1942, the German Sixth Army was briefly put at Dumitrescu's disposal during a German attempt to relieve the Third ... as Germany refused to pay. As a result of these uncompensated exports, inflation in Romania skyrocketed. This caused widespread ...
Countries including Germany, Austria, Sweden,[21] Denmark, Belgium, the Netherlands, and Switzerland, have banned the disposal ... It is the oldest form of waste treatment (although the burial part is modern; historically, refuse was just left in piles or ... "Disposal and Storage of Polychlorinated Biphenyl (PCB) Waste". United States Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved May 10, ... Powell, Jon T.; Townsend, Timothy G.; Zimmerman, Julie B. (September 21, 2015). "Estimates of solid waste disposal rates and ...
France: Concrete help was initially refused by the U.S. government; however, on September 2, Condoleezza Rice said that the U.S ... Four physicians and two water specialists were also put to the disposal of the WHO. ... Finland: The Finn Rescue Force-the group consists of 30 firemen was offered by the Finnish Government but refused. The Finnish ... However, after the tournament, the U.S. government refused to allow the donation. ...
The autobiography gives evidence of textiles and clothing: He [Al-Malik al-'Adil] put at my disposal six thousand Egyptian ... For example, when a Frankish knight offers to take his son to his country to educate him in wisdom and chivalry, he refuses: ...
"Phase V: Waste Disposal. Proceedings of the British Columbia Royal Commission of Inquiry into Uranium Mining. ISBN 0-7718-8198- ... that which we intentionally refuse to acknowledge that we know: "If Rumsfeld thinks that the main dangers in the confrontation ...
... since Dominican public hospitals do not refuse medical services based on nationality or legal status. Statistics from a ... years the Dominican Republic has become one of the worlds notably progressive states in terms of recycling and waste disposal. ...
Kirpal (Kip) Singh is an Indian Sikh who has volunteered with the British military for sapper bomb disposal training under Lord ... When the hospital is abandoned, Hana refuses to leave, staying with her patient. She sees Almásy as saint-like and falls in ...
... and refuse disposal; with the local authorities responsible for "personal" services such as social care, libraries, cemeteries ... such as waste disposal. Islington became an education authority in 1990. Since 2000 the Greater London Authority has taken some ... and refuse collection. This arrangement lasted until 1986 when Islington Council gained responsibility for some services that ...
p. 115: "Critics of the time, refusing to believe anybody could joke about history, viewed the film as a melodrama." ... To this endeavor Sternberg brought to bear all the sophisticated filmic elements at his disposal. Sternberg's official handling ... he refuses to obtain any effect whatsoever save by means of pictorial composition. That is the fundamental distinction between ...
On the other hand, creators shun the notion of having their intellectual property at the disposal of pirates, and so agree to ... If the past creator refuses to grant permission to the innovator, the past creator may appeal to the government to enforce ...
Having only a tiny lens at his disposal, Harvey was not able to reach the adequate pictures that were attained through such ... who refused to regard him as a great philosopher. He said of him "He writes philosophy like a Lord Chancellor."[17] ...
... swelling the forces at Amherst's disposal to over 15,000 many of whom were quartered in tents in Hyde Park and a form of ... He infuriated the French commanders by refusing them the honours of war; the Chevalier de Lévis burned the colours rather than ...
Standards for the use or disposal of sewage sludge". U.S. Government Printing Office. 1998. Retrieved 30 March 2009.. ... It also has a capacity to convert substantial portion of the intake into refuse-derived fuel (RDF) materials for further ...
Hornet' skipper, Captain Marshall W. White, refused to release Carpenter until the Chief of Naval Operations, Admiral Arleigh ... He was involved in projects related to biological pest control and waste disposal, and for the production of energy from ...
For example, in JI Case Co v NLRB the Supreme Court held an employer could not refuse to bargain on the basis that individual ... NLRB v City Disposal Systems, Inc 465 US 822 (1984) protected an unprotected concerted activity, one man, Brown, without the ... See NLRB v Borg-Warner Corp 356 US 342 (1958) Burton J held an employer refused to bargain unlawfully by insisting on a clause ... New Negro Alliance v. Sanitary Grocery Co., 303 US 552 (1938) boycott and picket of shop that refused to hire African-American ...
It shall be unlawful for any person or business to deposit, place or dump any refuse or garbage into a garbage or refuse ... All household refuse or any other items to be disposed of shall not be stored in plain view on that part of any residential ... All refuse and garbage must be kept in containers except that cardboard may be bundled, tied and stored in such a manner that ... Receptacles of refuse shall be set out for collection between the curb and the sidewalk or at such places as may be ...
The meeting was convened to present the available scientific evidence on the health effects of waste disposal in landfills and ... Browsing Technical documents by Subject "Refuse Disposal". 0-9. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. J. K. L. M. N. O. P. Q. R. S. T. U. ...
Employees at Merrick Refuse Disposal in Merrick - Long Island, New York may have been exposed to asbestos which can lead to ... Merrick Refuse Disposal - Merrick - Long Island, New York Did you or someone you know work at Merrick Refuse Disposal in ... If you worked at Merrick Refuse Disposal or other locations in the greater Merrick - Long Island, New York area where you may ...
The meeting was convened to present the available scientific evidence on the health effects of waste disposal in landfills and ...
... 0-9. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. J. K. L. M. N. O. P. Q. R. S. T. U ...
Regional Workshop on Excreta and Refuse Disposal, PEPAS, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 7 - 11 October 1985 : report  World Health ... Seminar on the Collection, Disposal and Utilization of Organic Wastes, Taipei, Taiwan, 14 October-1 November 1956 : final ...
Refuse Disposal at Furth, Germany. Up-to-date Methods in City Hygiene ...
Procedure relating to importations; disposal of refuse; exceptions. (a) The Secretary of the Treasury shall deliver to the ... such seed or screenings shall be refused admission, and the Secretary of the Treasury shall refuse delivery to the owner or ... b) The refuse from any seeds or screenings which are allowed to be cleaned under bond shall be destroyed in accordance with ... Seed or screenings refused admission and not exported by the owner or consignee within twelve months from the date of notice of ...
Disposal of House Refuse in Bradford. Conversion of Phosphorus into Arsenic. By F. Fittica ...
Nutritional Influences on "Cell Refuse Disposal". Beyond Obesity. Non-communicable diseases (NCD) are the main causes of death ... is the term given to cell refuse disposal and is regulated by recognition of the fasting (7) and feeding cycles, which is ... "refuse disposal" processes. Feeding inhibits and fasting stimulates autophagy through the actions of insulin and glucagon ...
Chapter 90, Coal Refuse Disposal Section 90.1 Definitions PADEP is adding, at new subsection (x), a definition of "unmanaged ... PADEP is also modifying subdivision (c)(1) by deleting the reference to "surface mining" and substituting "coal refuse disposal ... However, the Director is requiring that Pennsylvania amend its performance standards for coal refuse disposal to require that ... gggg) By August 25, 2000, Pennsylvania shall amend its performance standards for coal refuse disposal, or provide a written ...
Disposal of refuse. 9 A person must not deposit or otherwise dispose of any kind of refuse at a recreation site, recreation ... Disposal of game residue. 10 Despite section 9, a person must not dispose of game offal, entrails, hides or bones within the ... 4) The minister must notify the person named in the proposal of the ministers determination to grant, or to refuse to grant, ... and then only if the refuse is deposited in a container provided for that purpose. ...
Small excreta disposal systems / by Richard Feachem and Sandy Cairncross.. by Feachem, Richard G. A , Cairncross, Sandy , Ross ... Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal : final act. by United ... Water-supply and waste-disposal management : impact-evaluation guidelines. by United Nations Centre for Human Settlements ... by WHO Scientific Group on the Treatment and Disposal of Wastes , World Health Organization ...
1. Finger Lakes Refuse Disposal Inc. (5). BBB Rating: A+. 80 Clark StCanandaigua, NY 14424 ... Landfills are by far the most common form of waste disposal. In the year 2013 alone, the U.S. sent 294 million tons of trash to ... We have moved around a lot and have had many different disposal companies. This family owned and operated company is by far the ... Though this practice is common in Europe, the U.S. has been hesitant to adopt this method of waste disposal. However, some ...
221-8 Refuse storage and disposal. A. In general. No person shall accumulate or permit, suffer or allow the accumulation in any ... Refuse. Brush, woods, broken glass, excavated stumps, roots, hazardous growths, filth, garbage, trash, refuse, debris and all ... Where access by enforcing officials is refused. Where the enforcing official or his agent is refused access to the premises or ... Such garbage, rubbish, refuse and waste material shall be placed in the containers aforesaid prior to the time fixed for ...
County Dairies Under Fire Over Refuse Disposal JANNY SCOTT, Times Staff Writer. ...
Refuse disposal:. Trash collection schedule: Occurs in the south end of the city on Mondays. It reaches the center of the city ...
Details of Drainage ; Refuse Removal and Disposal. -Sanitary and Insanitary Work and Appliances. - Details of Plumbers Work ... Page 7 - SEWAGE DISPOSAL WORKS : A Guide to the Construction of Works for the Prevention of the Pollution by Sewage of Rivers ...
refuse disposal system. Refuse disposal system, technique for the collection, treatment, and disposal of the solid wastes of a ...
ARTICLE 5. REFUSE DISPOSAL ACT; SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PERMITS; INDUSTRIAL WASTE HAULER PERMITS (VACATED) ( PDF ) ...
REFUSE DISPOSAL ACT; SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PERMITS; INDUSTRIAL WASTE HAULER PERMITS (REPEALED) ( PDF - WordPerfect ) ...
National refuse disposal survey state of Israel, orientation and survey phase, November 1967. Michaels, Abraham. 1968 , ... Citation: Abraham Michaels ( 1968).National refuse disposal survey state of Israel, orientation and survey phase, November 1967 ... National refuse disposal survey state of Israel, orientation and survey phase, November 1967 ...
Jaffna SLA refuses access to garbage disposal site. [TamilNet, Tuesday, 07 December 2004, 04:31 GMT]. The administration of the ... Private bus operators are refusing to provide transport along the different Colombo to Vavuniya routes due to a recent spate of ... Jaffna Municipal Council (JM) is struggling to keep the city clean as the Sri Lanka Army (SLA) has refused permission to use ...
Garbage and refuse disposal. [Statutory Authority: RCW 18.20.090 and chapter 18.20 RCW. WSR 03-16-047, § 388-78A-0950, filed 7/ ... Garbage and refuse disposal. [Statutory Authority: RCW 18.20.240. WSR 98-20-021, recodified as § 388-78A-110, filed 9/25/98, ... Sewage and liquid waste disposal. [Statutory Authority: RCW 18.20.090 and chapter 18.20 RCW. WSR 03-16-047, § 388-78A-0940, ... Sewage and liquid waste disposal. [Statutory Authority: RCW 18.20.240. WSR 98-20-021, recodified as § 388-78A-100, filed 9/25/ ...
Integral refuse disposal system. US7100222. 2 Jul 2004. 5 Sep 2006. Hill-Rom Services, Inc.. Apparatus and method for mounting ...
Refuse and refuse disposal, Environmental movement. Kind word for the military. 38. ...
refuse. Disposal.. Ninas eyes know. a fist too well. Not. well enough.. Pick one. out a. lineup. ... our own countrymen refused to see, to. acknowledge or cease initiating, instigating, & ...
Merrick Refuse Disposal * National Container Corporation * Nusen Shipyard * Our Lady of Perpetual Help Church ...
  • Did you or someone you know work at Merrick Refuse Disposal in Merrick - Long Island, New York? (sokolovelaw.com)
  • If you worked at Merrick Refuse Disposal or other locations in the greater Merrick - Long Island, New York area where you may have been exposed to asbestos - contact us today . (sokolovelaw.com)
  • It may be an opportunist adaption of evolution that autophagy is employed for mobilization of substrate stores during fasting as well as protein recycling and intracellular "refuse disposal" processes. (preventionnutrition.com)
  • Site attendants are available for guiding residents in proper disposal and recycling and signage is posted at all locations to inform site users of allowable and restricted materials. (warrencountyva.net)
  • The contracting authority intends to procure a contract for the Design, Build and Operation (DBO) of a Waste to Energy (WtE) facility in Malta to substantially divert waste away from landfill disposal and contribute towards Malta's national compliance with EU targets with respect to recycling and landfill reduction.The contracting authority is seeking to deliver an operational WtE plant by 2023 with expected contract duration for 20 years of plant operation. (europa.eu)
  • Page 7 - SEWAGE DISPOSAL WORKS : A Guide to the Construction of Works for the Prevention of the Pollution by Sewage of Rivers and Estuaries. (google.com)
  • The meeting was convened to present the available scientific evidence on the health effects of waste disposal in landfills and to determine the implications for public health policy and for landfill operators. (who.int)
  • 21441) This invention comprises novel and useful improvements in apparatus for garbage disposal, and more specifically pertains to improvements in a system and mechanism for the collection and disposal of garbage by a municipality in a more sanitary and economical manner. (google.com)
  • The primary object of this invention is to provide improvements in the disposal of garbage by municipalities and the like which will enable a much more sanitary and hygen-ic method for the handling of garbage and the delivery of the same to a garbage dump or processing plant. (google.com)
  • Editor's Note: Former Subsection J, regarding maximum total weight of refuse containers, was repealed 7-5-2016 by Ord. (ecode360.com)
  • a) Durable, fly-tight, clean containers in good condition of a minimum capacity of 20 gallons, must be provided adjacent to each housing unit for the storage of garbage and other refuse. (cornell.edu)
  • Garbage disposal districts. (ca.gov)
  • Garbage, rubbish and refuse - See Ch. 162 . (ecode360.com)
  • Extension of the piped water supply and health education on improving the disposal of household rubbish (to keep foxes away from houses) should help reduce the risk of AE infection in the study area. (nih.gov)
  • Refuse disposal: For town rubbish-collection information, call the public works department, 860-684-3448. (courant.com)
  • Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal : final act. (who.int)
  • According to Malombe (1993), irregular services rendered to producers of refuse by municipal councils compel them to find ways of disposing of refuse. (kon.org)
  • Refuse Removal and Disposal. (google.com)
  • The Local Authority role regards the appropriate certificate for haulage and disposal, but not removal, in other words Waste Collection Permit. (laois.ie)
  • It shall be unlawful for any person to place, or cause to be placed, or permit to remain at the curb, any receptacle, plastic bag or bundle containing bulk refuse, garbage or recyclables earlier than 6:00 p.m. on the night prior to collection for that premise's regular collection day as established by the Department of Public Works. (ecode360.com)
  • Warren County offers Convenience Site locations for household refuse and recyclables for residents at no charge. (warrencountyva.net)
  • The use of paper bags and cardboard boxes as receptacles for refuse and garbage is strictly prohibited. (ecode360.com)
  • This offer relates to the treatment and disposal of the large burnable fraction. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Refuse disposal and treatment must be safe for employees. (environmental-expert.com)
  • The third world, having refused to become the "dustbin" of the western world, also lacks appropriate storage facilities, treatment technologies, and good methods of disposal for its waste. (kon.org)
  • The waste management process is usually framed in terms of generation, storage, treatment, and disposal, with transportation inserted between stages as required. (kon.org)
  • Like other parts of the capital city of Ghana, such as Mamobi, James Town, and Chokor, Nima is engulfed in filth of both conspicuous and inconspicuous places because it has serious problems with its waste management from generation, through storage, treatment, to disposal. (kon.org)
  • Receptacles shall be conveniently located on premises for the storage of refuse and maintained in such a manner as to prevent the creation of a health nuisance to the residents. (ecode360.com)
  • Since the refuse sites are funded by the tax payers of Warren County, those bearing out-of-area decals will not be permitted to use the facilities without a permission letter from the Solid Waste Department. (warrencountyva.net)
  • It is estimated that about 83% of the population dump their refuse in either authorised or unauthorised sites in their neighbourhood, and due to weak capacity to handle solid waste, unsanitary conditions are created (Benneh, Songsore, Nabila, Amuzu, Tutua, & Yaugyuorn, 1993). (kon.org)
  • All household refuse or any other items to be disposed of shall not be stored in plain view on that part of any residential property that falls between the front of the house and the street. (ecode360.com)
  • Editor's Note: Former Subsection H, regarding storage of household refuse, as amended, was repealed 7-5-2016 by Ord. (ecode360.com)
  • Editor's Note: Former Subsection I, regarding placement of household refuse at the curb, was repealed 7-5-2016 by Ord. (ecode360.com)
  • Virtually, all the people depended on the Accra Metropolitan Assembly (AMA) facilities for the disposal of their household refuse. (kon.org)
  • WHO HQ Library catalog › Results of search for 'su:{Refuse disposal. (who.int)
  • Volunteers have also conducted briefing sessions on basic hygiene precautions and the disposal of refuse. (icrc.org)
  • Sewerage systems - Refuse collection and disposal. (wa.gov)
  • Receptacles of refuse shall be set out for collection between the curb and the sidewalk or at such places as may be particularly designated by the Department of Public Works. (ecode360.com)
  • All bulk refuse generated by a private contractor, or trade waste generated by any business, shall be removed at their own expense and risk by an authorized collector. (ecode360.com)
  • The refuse collection service was privatised in County Laois from the 1st May 1998. (laois.ie)
  • The owner or tenant of premises shall remove refuse receptacles from the place of collection within 12 hours after they have been emptied. (ecode360.com)
  • The disposal of refuse, which includes garbage, must be in accordance with State and local law. (cornell.edu)
  • 344-53 Maximum allowable bulk refuse by type. (ecode360.com)
  • If anything placed out at the curb does not conform to 9-1.2 A-D the homeowner must contact the DPW prior to the bulk refuse collection date for an opinion on their bulk refuse. (ecode360.com)
  • Bulk refuse shall not be stored outdoors on residential property for more than one week. (ecode360.com)