A basis of value established for the measure of quantity, weight, extent or quality, e.g. weight standards, standard solutions, methods, techniques, and procedures used in diagnosis and therapy.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.
The failure by the observer to measure or identify a phenomenon accurately, which results in an error. Sources for this may be due to the observer's missing an abnormality, or to faulty technique resulting in incorrect test measurement, or to misinterpretation of the data. Two varieties are inter-observer variation (the amount observers vary from one another when reporting on the same material) and intra-observer variation (the amount one observer varies between observations when reporting more than once on the same material).
Methods, procedures, and tests performed to diagnose disease, disordered function, or disability.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
A graphic means for assessing the ability of a screening test to discriminate between healthy and diseased persons; may also be used in other studies, e.g., distinguishing stimuli responses as to a faint stimuli or nonstimuli.
Diagnostic procedures, such as laboratory tests and x-rays, routinely performed on all individuals or specified categories of individuals in a specified situation, e.g., patients being admitted to the hospital. These include routine tests administered to neonates.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Substances used to allow enhanced visualization of tissues.
Computer systems or networks designed to provide radiographic interpretive information.
Commercially prepared reagent sets, with accessory devices, containing all of the major components and literature necessary to perform one or more designated diagnostic tests or procedures. They may be for laboratory or personal use.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
Techniques used to carry out clinical investigative procedures in the diagnosis and therapy of disease.
The process of generating three-dimensional images by electronic, photographic, or other methods. For example, three-dimensional images can be generated by assembling multiple tomographic images with the aid of a computer, while photographic 3-D images (HOLOGRAPHY) can be made by exposing film to the interference pattern created when two laser light sources shine on an object.
A system for verifying and maintaining a desired level of quality in a product or process by careful planning, use of proper equipment, continued inspection, and corrective action as required. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
A specialty concerned with the use of x-ray and other forms of radiant energy in the diagnosis and treatment of disease.
A method of delineating blood vessels by subtracting a tissue background image from an image of tissue plus intravascular contrast material that attenuates the X-ray photons. The background image is determined from a digitized image taken a few moments before injection of the contrast material. The resulting angiogram is a high-contrast image of the vessel. This subtraction technique allows extraction of a high-intensity signal from the superimposed background information. The image is thus the result of the differential absorption of X-rays by different tissues.
Methods developed to aid in the interpretation of ultrasound, radiographic images, etc., for diagnosis of disease.
Improvement in the quality of an x-ray image by use of an intensifying screen, tube, or filter and by optimum exposure techniques. Digital processing methods are often employed.
A plant family of the order Lamiales. The family is characterized by oppositely paired, usually compound leaves and bell- or funnel-shaped, bisexual flowers having a five-lobed calyx and corolla.
A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.
Non-invasive method of vascular imaging and determination of internal anatomy without injection of contrast media or radiation exposure. The technique is used especially in CEREBRAL ANGIOGRAPHY as well as for studies of other vascular structures.
Process of substituting a symbol or code for a term such as a diagnosis or procedure. (from Slee's Health Care Terms, 3d ed.)
Motion picture study of successive images appearing on a fluoroscopic screen.
Improvement of the quality of a picture by various techniques, including computer processing, digital filtering, echocardiographic techniques, light and ultrastructural MICROSCOPY, fluorescence spectrometry and microscopy, scintigraphy, and in vitro image processing at the molecular level.
Computer processing of a language with rules that reflect and describe current usage rather than prescribed usage.
Narrow pieces of material impregnated or covered with a substance used to produce a chemical reaction. The strips are used in detecting, measuring, producing, etc., other substances. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Determination, by measurement or comparison with a standard, of the correct value of each scale reading on a meter or other measuring instrument; or determination of the settings of a control device that correspond to particular values of voltage, current, frequency or other output.
The use of instrumentation and techniques for visualizing material and details that cannot be seen by the unaided eye. It is usually done by enlarging images, transmitted by light or electron beams, with optical or magnetic lenses that magnify the entire image field. With scanning microscopy, images are generated by collecting output from the specimen in a point-by-point fashion, on a magnified scale, as it is scanned by a narrow beam of light or electrons, a laser, a conductive probe, or a topographical probe.
Method of making images on a sensitized surface by exposure to light or other radiant energy.
Controlled operation of an apparatus, process, or system by mechanical or electronic devices that take the place of human organs of observation, effort, and decision. (From Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 1993)
Systematic and thorough inspection of the patient for physical signs of disease or abnormality.
Incorrect diagnoses after clinical examination or technical diagnostic procedures.
Types of spiral computed tomography technology in which multiple slices of data are acquired simultaneously improving the resolution over single slice acquisition technology.
Laboratory and other services provided to patients at the bedside. These include diagnostic and laboratory testing using automated information entry.
Examination of the interior of the eye with an ophthalmoscope.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
A technique using antibodies for identifying or quantifying a substance. Usually the substance being studied serves as antigen both in antibody production and in measurement of antibody by the test substance.
Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.
MOLECULAR BIOLOGY techniques used in the diagnosis of disease.
Studies determining the effectiveness or value of processes, personnel, and equipment, or the material on conducting such studies. For drugs and devices, CLINICAL TRIALS AS TOPIC; DRUG EVALUATION; and DRUG EVALUATION, PRECLINICAL are available.
The visualization of deep structures of the body by recording the reflections or echoes of ultrasonic pulses directed into the tissues. Use of ultrasound for imaging or diagnostic purposes employs frequencies ranging from 1.6 to 10 megahertz.
Positive test results in subjects who do not possess the attribute for which the test is conducted. The labeling of healthy persons as diseased when screening in the detection of disease. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
An imaging technique using compounds labelled with short-lived positron-emitting radionuclides (such as carbon-11, nitrogen-13, oxygen-15 and fluorine-18) to measure cell metabolism. It has been useful in study of soft tissues such as CANCER; CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM; and brain. SINGLE-PHOTON EMISSION-COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY is closely related to positron emission tomography, but uses isotopes with longer half-lives and resolution is lower.
A non-invasive imaging method that uses computed tomographic data combined with specialized imaging software to examine the colon.
Screens which absorb the energy in the x-ray beam that has penetrated the patient and convert this energy into a light pattern which has as nearly as possible the same information as the original x-ray beam. The more light a screen produces for a given input of x-radiation, the less x-ray exposure and thus shorter exposure time are needed to expose the film. In most film-screen systems, the film is sandwiched between two screens in a cassette so that the emulsion on each side is exposed to the light from its contiguous screen.
Liquid chromatographic techniques which feature high inlet pressures, high sensitivity, and high speed.
The premier bibliographic database of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. MEDLINE® (MEDLARS Online) is the primary subset of PUBMED and can be searched on NLM's Web site in PubMed or the NLM Gateway. MEDLINE references are indexed with MEDICAL SUBJECT HEADINGS (MeSH).
Material coughed up from the lungs and expectorated via the mouth. It contains MUCUS, cellular debris, and microorganisms. It may also contain blood or pus.
Techniques used in studying bacteria.
X-ray visualization of the chest and organs of the thoracic cavity. It is not restricted to visualization of the lungs.
Organized activities related to the storage, location, search, and retrieval of information.
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.
An immunoassay utilizing an antibody labeled with an enzyme marker such as horseradish peroxidase. While either the enzyme or the antibody is bound to an immunosorbent substrate, they both retain their biologic activity; the change in enzyme activity as a result of the enzyme-antibody-antigen reaction is proportional to the concentration of the antigen and can be measured spectrophotometrically or with the naked eye. Many variations of the method have been developed.
Studies to determine the advantages or disadvantages, practicability, or capability of accomplishing a projected plan, study, or project.
The ratio of maximum blood flow to the MYOCARDIUM with CORONARY STENOSIS present, to the maximum equivalent blood flow without stenosis. The measurement is commonly used to verify borderline stenosis of CORONARY ARTERIES.
A method in which either the observer(s) or the subject(s) is kept ignorant of the group to which the subjects are assigned.
A statistical means of summarizing information from a series of measurements on one individual. It is frequently used in clinical pharmacology where the AUC from serum levels can be interpreted as the total uptake of whatever has been administered. As a plot of the concentration of a drug against time, after a single dose of medicine, producing a standard shape curve, it is a means of comparing the bioavailability of the same drug made by different companies. (From Winslade, Dictionary of Clinical Research, 1992)
In INFORMATION RETRIEVAL, machine-sensing or identification of visible patterns (shapes, forms, and configurations). (Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed)
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
A complex of gadolinium with a chelating agent, diethylenetriamine penta-acetic acid (DTPA see PENTETIC ACID), that is given to enhance the image in cranial and spinal MRIs. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p706)
Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.
The study of parasites and PARASITIC DISEASES.
Devices or objects in various imaging techniques used to visualize or enhance visualization by simulating conditions encountered in the procedure. Phantoms are used very often in procedures employing or measuring x-irradiation or radioactive material to evaluate performance. Phantoms often have properties similar to human tissue. Water demonstrates absorbing properties similar to normal tissue, hence water-filled phantoms are used to map radiation levels. Phantoms are used also as teaching aids to simulate real conditions with x-ray or ultrasonic machines. (From Iturralde, Dictionary and Handbook of Nuclear Medicine and Clinical Imaging, 1990)
Examination of urine by chemical, physical, or microscopic means. Routine urinalysis usually includes performing chemical screening tests, determining specific gravity, observing any unusual color or odor, screening for bacteriuria, and examining the sediment microscopically.
Timing the acquisition of imaging data to specific points in the cardiac cycle to minimize image blurring and other motion artifacts.
A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.
Laboratory techniques that involve the in-vitro synthesis of many copies of DNA or RNA from one original template.
Compounds that are used in medicine as sources of radiation for radiotherapy and for diagnostic purposes. They have numerous uses in research and industry. (Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1161)
An infant during the first month after birth.
A single lung lesion that is characterized by a small round mass of tissue, usually less than 1 cm in diameter, and can be detected by chest radiography. A solitary pulmonary nodule can be associated with neoplasm, tuberculosis, cyst, or other anomalies in the lung, the CHEST WALL, or the PLEURA.
Constriction of arteries in the SKULL due to sudden, sharp, and often persistent smooth muscle contraction in blood vessels. Intracranial vasospasm results in reduced vessel lumen caliber, restricted blood flow to the brain, and BRAIN ISCHEMIA that may lead to hypoxic-ischemic brain injury (HYPOXIA-ISCHEMIA, BRAIN).
A surgical specialty concerned with the structure and function of the eye and the medical and surgical treatment of its defects and diseases.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)
A type of imaging technique used primarily in the field of cardiology. By coordinating the fast gradient-echo MRI sequence with retrospective ECG-gating, numerous short time frames evenly spaced in the cardiac cycle are produced. These images are laced together in a cinematic display so that wall motion of the ventricles, valve motion, and blood flow patterns in the heart and great vessels can be visualized.
Functions constructed from a statistical model and a set of observed data which give the probability of that data for various values of the unknown model parameters. Those parameter values that maximize the probability are the maximum likelihood estimates of the parameters.
The compound is given by intravenous injection to do POSITRON-EMISSION TOMOGRAPHY for the assessment of cerebral and myocardial glucose metabolism in various physiological or pathological states including stroke and myocardial ischemia. It is also employed for the detection of malignant tumors including those of the brain, liver, and thyroid gland. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1162)
Application of computer programs designed to assist the physician in solving a diagnostic problem.
The minimum acceptable patient care, based on statutes, court decisions, policies, or professional guidelines.
Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.
A method of measuring the effects of a biologically active substance using an intermediate in vivo or in vitro tissue or cell model under controlled conditions. It includes virulence studies in animal fetuses in utero, mouse convulsion bioassay of insulin, quantitation of tumor-initiator systems in mouse skin, calculation of potentiating effects of a hormonal factor in an isolated strip of contracting stomach muscle, etc.
Computed tomography where there is continuous X-ray exposure to the patient while being transported in a spiral or helical pattern through the beam of irradiation. This provides improved three-dimensional contrast and spatial resolution compared to conventional computed tomography, where data is obtained and computed from individual sequential exposures.
The creation and display of functional images showing where the blood is flowing into the MYOCARDIUM by following over time the distribution of tracers injected into the blood stream.
An analytical method used in determining the identity of a chemical based on its mass using mass analyzers/mass spectrometers.
Diagnostic procedures involving immunoglobulin reactions.
Any visual display of structural or functional patterns of organs or tissues for diagnostic evaluation. It includes measuring physiologic and metabolic responses to physical and chemical stimuli, as well as ultramicroscopy.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Use of ultrasound for imaging the breast. The most frequent application is the diagnosis of neoplasms of the female breast.
The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.
A range of values for a variable of interest, e.g., a rate, constructed so that this range has a specified probability of including the true value of the variable.
Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.
The science and art of collecting, summarizing, and analyzing data that are subject to random variation. The term is also applied to the data themselves and to the summarization of the data.
A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.
Computer-based systems for input, storage, display, retrieval, and printing of information contained in a patient's medical record.
Narrowing or constriction of a coronary artery.
The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.
A series of steps taken in order to conduct research.
Negative test results in subjects who possess the attribute for which the test is conducted. The labeling of diseased persons as healthy when screening in the detection of disease. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
A quantitative method of combining the results of independent studies (usually drawn from the published literature) and synthesizing summaries and conclusions which may be used to evaluate therapeutic effectiveness, plan new studies, etc., with application chiefly in the areas of research and medicine.
A species of gram-positive, aerobic bacteria that produces TUBERCULOSIS in humans, other primates, CATTLE; DOGS; and some other animals which have contact with humans. Growth tends to be in serpentine, cordlike masses in which the bacilli show a parallel orientation.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
MYCOBACTERIUM infections of the lung.
Region of the back including the LUMBAR VERTEBRAE, SACRUM, and nearby structures.
A method of computed tomography that uses radionuclides which emit a single photon of a given energy. The camera is rotated 180 or 360 degrees around the patient to capture images at multiple positions along the arc. The computer is then used to reconstruct the transaxial, sagittal, and coronal images from the 3-dimensional distribution of radionuclides in the organ. The advantages of SPECT are that it can be used to observe biochemical and physiological processes as well as size and volume of the organ. The disadvantage is that, unlike positron-emission tomography where the positron-electron annihilation results in the emission of 2 photons at 180 degrees from each other, SPECT requires physical collimation to line up the photons, which results in the loss of many available photons and hence degrades the image.
Removal and pathologic examination of specimens in the form of small pieces of tissue from the living body.
Blocking of the PULMONARY ARTERY or one of its branches by an EMBOLUS.
Any deviation of results or inferences from the truth, or processes leading to such deviation. Bias can result from several sources: one-sided or systematic variations in measurement from the true value (systematic error); flaws in study design; deviation of inferences, interpretations, or analyses based on flawed data or data collection; etc. There is no sense of prejudice or subjectivity implied in the assessment of bias under these conditions.
Pain in the pelvic region of genital and non-genital origin and of organic or psychogenic etiology. Frequent causes of pain are distension or contraction of hollow viscera, rapid stretching of the capsule of a solid organ, chemical irritation, tissue ischemia, and neuritis secondary to inflammatory, neoplastic, or fibrotic processes in adjacent organs. (Kase, Weingold & Gershenson: Principles and Practice of Clinical Gynecology, 2d ed, pp479-508)
A bilateral retinopathy occurring in premature infants treated with excessively high concentrations of oxygen, characterized by vascular dilatation, proliferation, and tortuosity, edema, and retinal detachment, with ultimate conversion of the retina into a fibrous mass that can be seen as a dense retrolental membrane. Usually growth of the eye is arrested and may result in microophthalmia, and blindness may occur. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.
Liquid by-product of excretion produced in the kidneys, temporarily stored in the bladder until discharge through the URETHRA.
The field of information science concerned with the analysis and dissemination of medical data through the application of computers to various aspects of health care and medicine.
Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.
The continuous measurement of physiological processes, blood pressure, heart rate, renal output, reflexes, respiration, etc., in a patient or experimental animal; includes pharmacologic monitoring, the measurement of administered drugs or their metabolites in the blood, tissues, or urine.
Application of statistical procedures to analyze specific observed or assumed facts from a particular study.
Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.
A microanalytical technique combining mass spectrometry and gas chromatography for the qualitative as well as quantitative determinations of compounds.
Radiography of the vascular system of the heart muscle after injection of a contrast medium.
Non-invasive imaging methods based on the mechanical response of an object to a vibrational or impulsive force. It is used for determining the viscoelastic properties of tissue, and thereby differentiating soft from hard inclusions in tissue such as microcalcifications, and some cancer lesions. Most techniques use ultrasound to create the images - eliciting the response with an ultrasonic radiation force and/or recording displacements of the tissue by Doppler ultrasonography.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Hospital department responsible for the administration and provision of immediate medical or surgical care to the emergency patient.
Chinese herbal or plant extracts which are used as drugs to treat diseases or promote general well-being. The concept does not include synthesized compounds manufactured in China.
Chromatographic techniques in which the mobile phase is a liquid.
The use of combination of imaging techniques or platforms (e.g., MRI SCAN and PET SCAN) encompassing aspects of anatomical, functional, or molecular imaging methods.
Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.
Theory and development of COMPUTER SYSTEMS which perform tasks that normally require human intelligence. Such tasks may include speech recognition, LEARNING; VISUAL PERCEPTION; MATHEMATICAL COMPUTING; reasoning, PROBLEM SOLVING, DECISION-MAKING, and translation of language.
Spectroscopic method of measuring the magnetic moment of elementary particles such as atomic nuclei, protons or electrons. It is employed in clinical applications such as NMR Tomography (MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING).
The body fluid that circulates in the vascular system (BLOOD VESSELS). Whole blood includes PLASMA and BLOOD CELLS.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
A mass spectrometry technique used for analysis of nonvolatile compounds such as proteins and macromolecules. The technique involves preparing electrically charged droplets from analyte molecules dissolved in solvent. The electrically charged droplets enter a vacuum chamber where the solvent is evaporated. Evaporation of solvent reduces the droplet size, thereby increasing the coulombic repulsion within the droplet. As the charged droplets get smaller, the excess charge within them causes them to disintegrate and release analyte molecules. The volatilized analyte molecules are then analyzed by mass spectrometry.
Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)
Radiography of the vascular system of the brain after injection of a contrast medium.
Recording of pertinent information concerning patient's illness or illnesses.
The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.
Country located in EUROPE. It is bordered by the NORTH SEA, BELGIUM, and GERMANY. Constituent areas are Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, formerly included in the NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.
A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.
An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Ultrasonography applying the Doppler effect, with the superposition of flow information as colors on a gray scale in a real-time image. This type of ultrasonography is well-suited to identifying the location of high-velocity flow (such as in a stenosis) or of mapping the extent of flow in a certain region.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
Any tests that demonstrate the relative efficacy of different chemotherapeutic agents against specific microorganisms (i.e., bacteria, fungi, viruses).
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.
Immunologic techniques based on the use of: (1) enzyme-antibody conjugates; (2) enzyme-antigen conjugates; (3) antienzyme antibody followed by its homologous enzyme; or (4) enzyme-antienzyme complexes. These are used histologically for visualizing or labeling tissue specimens.
Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.
Radiographic examination of the breast.
Ultrasonography applying the Doppler effect combined with real-time imaging. The real-time image is created by rapid movement of the ultrasound beam. A powerful advantage of this technique is the ability to estimate the velocity of flow from the Doppler shift frequency.
A common inhabitant of the colon flora in human infants and sometimes in adults. It produces a toxin that causes pseudomembranous enterocolitis (ENTEROCOLITIS, PSEUDOMEMBRANOUS) in patients receiving antibiotic therapy.
Care given during the period prior to undergoing surgery when psychological and physical preparations are made according to the special needs of the individual patient. This period spans the time between admission to the hospital to the time the surgery begins. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Radiography of blood vessels after injection of a contrast medium.
Acute or chronic pain in the lumbar or sacral regions, which may be associated with musculo-ligamentous SPRAINS AND STRAINS; INTERVERTEBRAL DISK DISPLACEMENT; and other conditions.
The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.
Disease having a short and relatively severe course.
Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.
Any of the infectious diseases of man and other animals caused by species of MYCOBACTERIUM.
A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.
A value equal to the total volume flow divided by the cross-sectional area of the vascular bed.
A diagnostic technique that incorporates the measurement of molecular diffusion (such as water or metabolites) for tissue assessment by MRI. The degree of molecular movement can be measured by changes of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) with time, as reflected by tissue microstructure. Diffusion MRI has been used to study BRAIN ISCHEMIA and tumor response to treatment.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
Methods of creating machines and devices.
The location of the atoms, groups or ions relative to one another in a molecule, as well as the number, type and location of covalent bonds.
Pathological processes of CORONARY ARTERIES that may derive from a congenital abnormality, atherosclerotic, or non-atherosclerotic cause.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Tumors or cancer of the UTERINE CERVIX.
Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
Methods which attempt to express in replicable terms the extent of the neoplasm in the patient.
A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.
Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.
A species of protozoa that is the causal agent of falciparum malaria (MALARIA, FALCIPARUM). It is most prevalent in the tropics and subtropics.
Recording of the moment-to-moment electromotive forces of the HEART as projected onto various sites on the body's surface, delineated as a scalar function of time. The recording is monitored by a tracing on slow moving chart paper or by observing it on a cardioscope, which is a CATHODE RAY TUBE DISPLAY.
Facilities equipped to carry out investigative procedures.
Ultrasonic recording of the size, motion, and composition of the heart and surrounding tissues. The standard approach is transthoracic.
Tumors or cancer of the LUNG.

Distinct clinical and laboratory activity of two recombinant interleukin-2 preparations. (1/4220)

Interleukin-2 (IL-2) is a potent lymphokine that activates natural killer cells, T cells, and other cells of the immune system. Several distinct recombinant human IL-2 preparations have shown antitumor activity, particularly for renal cell cancer and melanoma. Somewhat distinct immune and clinical effects have been noted when different IL-2 preparations have been tested clinically; however, the regimens and doses used were not identical. To compare these more directly, we have evaluated two clinical recombinant IL-2 preparations in vitro and in vivo using similar regimens and similar IUs of IL-2. We used the Food and Drug Administration-approved, commercially available Chiron IL-2 and the Hoffmann LaRoche (HLR) IL-2 supplied by the National Cancer Institute. Using equivalent IUs of IL-2, we noted quantitative differences in vitro and in vivo in the IL-2 activity of these two preparations. In patients receiving comparable IUs of the two preparations, HLR IL-2 induced the release of more soluble IL-2 receptor alpha into the serum than Chiron IL-2. In addition, more toxicities were noted in patients receiving 1.5 x 10(6) IU of HLR IL-2 than were seen in patients treated with 1.5 x 10(6) or even 4.5 x 10(6) IU of Chiron IL-2. These toxicities included fever, nausea and vomiting, and hepatic toxicity. In vitro proliferative assays using IL-2-dependent human and murine cell lines indicated that the IU of HLR IL-2 was more effective than Chiron IL-2 at inducing tritiated thymidine incorporation. Using flow cytometry, we also found quantitative differences in the ability of these two preparations to bind to IL-2 receptors. These findings indicate that approximately 3-6 IU of Chiron IL-2 are required to induce the same biological effect as 1 IU of HLR IL-2.  (+info)

Survey of total error of precipitation and homogeneous HDL-cholesterol methods and simultaneous evaluation of lyophilized saccharose-containing candidate reference materials for HDL-cholesterol. (2/4220)

BACKGROUND: Standardization of HDL-cholesterol is needed for risk assessment. We assessed for the first time the accuracy of HDL-cholesterol testing in The Netherlands and evaluated 11 candidate reference materials (CRMs). METHODS: The total error (TE) of HDL-cholesterol measurements was assessed in native human sera by 25 Dutch clinical chemistry laboratories. Concomitantly, the suitability of lyophilized, saccharose-containing CRMs (n = 11) for HDL-cholesterol was evaluated. RESULTS: In the precipitation method group, which included 25 laboratories and four methods, the mean (minimum-maximum) TE was 11.5% (2.7-25.2%), signifying that 18 of 25 laboratories satisfied the TE goal of +info)

Rapid and sensitive quantification of Borrelia burgdorferi-infected mouse tissues by continuous fluorescent monitoring of PCR. (3/4220)

The quantity of Borrelia burgdorferi organisms in tissue samples is an important determinant for infection studies in the mouse model of Lyme disease. This report presents the development of a rapid and sensitive external-standard-based PCR assay for the absolute quantification of B. burgdorferi in mouse tissue samples. The assay uses a double-stranded DNA dye to continuously monitor product formation and in less than an hour was able to quantify samples ranging up to 6 log units in concentration. The PCR efficiencies of the sample and the standard were matched by using a standard composed of purified B. burgdorferi chromosome mixed with tissue-matched mouse genome lacking bacterial DNA. Normalization of B. burgdorferi quantities to the mouse nidogen gene allowed comparison of B. burgdorferi numbers in samples isolated from different tissues and strains. PCR analysis of the chromosomal gene recA in cultured B. burgdorferi was consistent with a single recA per bacterium. The parameters defined in this assay should be applicable to quantification of other organisms, even infectious agents for which no ready source of DNA standard is available. In summary, this report presents a rapid external-standard-based PCR method for the quantification of B. burgdorferi in mouse DNA samples.  (+info)

High-performance liquid chromatography column switching applied to the trace determination of herbicides in environmental and drinking water samples. (4/4220)

A selective and sensitive coupled-column high-performance liquid chromatographic method is developed for the simultaneous determination of 5 phenylurea herbicides (monuron, linuron, isoproturon, monolinuron, and diuron) in environmental and drinking water samples. Sample clean-up is performed automatically by means of a column switching technique. Using 2 octadecyl silica columns connected via two programmable 6-port valves and ultraviolet detection at 244 nm, the aforementioned compounds can be determined at the low concentration levels required for pesticide residue analysis in water samples. A mobile phase consisting of a mixture of methanol-water (55:45, v/v) is pumped at 1 mL/min. For the 5 phenylureas, high recoveries ranging from 94.9 to 101.6%, good reproducibility with relative standard deviations lower than 5%, and wide linear ranges up to 20 micrograms/L are observed with determination limits of 0.05 microgram/L. The method is successfully applied to the screening of different environmental water samples such as surface, ground, rain, and drinking water.  (+info)

Simple and sensitive analysis of nereistoxin and its metabolites in human serum using headspace solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. (5/4220)

A simple method for the analysis of nereistoxin and its metabolites in human serum using headspace solid-phase microextraction (SPME) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) is developed. A vial containing a serum sample, 5M sodium hydroxide, and benzylacetone (internal standard) is heated to 70 degrees C, and an SPME fiber is exposed for 30 min in the headspace of the vial. The compounds extracted by the fiber are desorbed by exposing the fiber in the injection port of the GC-MS. The calibration curves show linearity in the range of 0.05-5.0 micrograms/mL for nereistoxin and N-methyl-N-(2-methylthio-1-methylthiomethyl)ethylamine, 0.01-5.0 micrograms/mL for S,S'-dimethyl dihydronereistoxin, and 0.5-10 micrograms/mL for 2-methylthio-1-methylthiomethylethylamine in serum. No interferences are found, and the analysis time is 50 min for one sample. In addition, this proposed method is applied to a patient who attempted suicide by ingesting Padan 4R, a herbicide. Padan 4R contains 4% cartap hydrochloride, which is an analogue of nereistoxin. Nereistoxin and its metabolites are detected in the serum samples collected from the patient during hospitalization. The concentration ranges of nereistoxin in the serum are 0.09-2.69 micrograms/mL.  (+info)

A reliability study for evaluating information extraction from radiology reports. (6/4220)

GOAL: To assess the reliability of a reference standard for an information extraction task. SETTING: Twenty-four physician raters from two sites and two specialties judged whether clinical conditions were present based on reading chest radiograph reports. METHODS: Variance components, generalizability (reliability) coefficients, and the number of expert raters needed to generate a reliable reference standard were estimated. RESULTS: Per-rater reliability averaged across conditions was 0.80 (95% CI, 0.79-0.81). Reliability for the nine individual conditions varied from 0.67 to 0.97, with central line presence and pneumothorax the most reliable, and pleural effusion (excluding CHF) and pneumonia the least reliable. One to two raters were needed to achieve a reliability of 0.70, and six raters, on average, were required to achieve a reliability of 0.95. This was far more reliable than a previously published per-rater reliability of 0.19 for a more complex task. Differences between sites were attributable to changes to the condition definitions. CONCLUSION: In these evaluations, physician raters were able to judge very reliably the presence of clinical conditions based on text reports. Once the reliability of a specific rater is confirmed, it would be possible for that rater to create a reference standard reliable enough to assess aggregate measures on a system. Six raters would be needed to create a reference standard sufficient to assess a system on a case-by-case basis. These results should help evaluators design future information extraction studies for natural language processors and other knowledge-based systems.  (+info)

Assessment of serum thyroxine binding capacity-dependent biases in free thyroxine assays. (7/4220)

BACKGROUND: Free thyroxine (FT4) assays may exhibit biases that are related to serum T4 binding capacity (sBC). We describe two tests that can be used to assess the presence and magnitude of sBC-dependent biases in FT4 assays. METHODS: We used a direct equilibrium dialysis FT4 assay as the reference method and compared the results obtained with those of the FT4 assays under investigation, in patient sera having a wide range of sBC. We then compared the expected and observed FT4 results for sera diluted with an inert buffer. Because serum dilution causes a predictable decrease in sBC, an increasingly negative bias on progressive dilution is indicative of a sBC-dependent bias. RESULTS: The automated FT4 assay investigated (Vitros FT4) showed no demonstrable sBC-dependent bias by either test. CONCLUSION: These two tests can be used to screen for sBC-dependent biases in FT4 assays.  (+info)

Effect of diluent temperature on creatine kinase values found for lyophilized controls and reference sera. (8/4220)

We report the effect of temperature of diluent on creatine kinase activity in several lyophilized controls. Creatine kinase activity was significantly greater when the lyophilized control was reconstituted with diluent at 4 degrees C as compared to 25 degrees C. This is an additional source of variation in creatine kinase controls.  (+info)

Five potential reference genes for RT-qPCR application, namely histone H3, beta-actin, GAPDH, ubiquitin and 18S rRNA, were evaluated for normalization of gene expression in four selected tissues (liver, kidney, thyroid and abdominal fat). Tissues were derived from fattening pigs exposed to different amounts and type of dietary iodine. Two software applications (geNorm and NormFinder) were used to evaluate the stability of the potential reference genes. All studied genes displayed high expression stability but different stability patterns between the investigated tissues. The results suggest GAPDH and 18S rRNA as reference genes applicable in all tissues investigated. Beta-actin and histone H3 are suitable reference genes for all tissues investigated except fat. In contrast, ubiquitin should be excluded from use as a reference gene in the porcine tissues analyzed due to variations in expression levels, despite the good expression stability.
A suitable reference gene is an important prerequisite for guarantying accurate and reliable results in quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) analyses. However, there is no absolute universality in reference genes among different species. Its hard to find an ideal reference gene to fit for different tissues and growth periods. Pitaya (Hylocereus) is commercially produced as a new fruit crop at a large scale in tropical and subtropical regions. To date, there is no report on the identification of the most reliable reference genes for qRT-PCR normalization in pitaya. In this study, six candidate reference genes i.e. Actin(1), GAPDH, UBC(1), UBC(2) EF1-α(1) and histone(1) were selected from thirty-nine typical candidate reference genes to determine the most stable reference genes for qRT-PCR normalization in different tissues, temperature stresses and fruit developmental stages of pitaya. Among the six candidate reference genes, Actin(1) and EF1-α(1) were the most stable gene according to calculations of
We offer a wide selection of CRMs to help the laboratory analyst achieve superior analytical results.Certified Reference Materials and Accreditation:Analytical measurements depend on many variables to provide the credible data needed to make informed decisions. The quality of this data is only as good as the reference material used to calibrate the measurement device. High quality reference materials are available only from organizations with a robust quality system. Accreditation to ISO/IEC 17025 and ISO Guide 34, also called Double Accreditation, represents the pinnacle of quality system achievement and allows the credible production and testing of Certified Reference Materials (CRMs).Note - Beginning June 15, 2015, customers will see a change in the accreditation symbols found on the Certificate of Analysis (COA) for Certified Reference Materials (CRMs)and Proficiency Testing samples (PTs) sold under Sigma-Aldrich US based CRM producers. The ACLASS accreditation
We specialize in certified reference materials as well as certified reference standards, chemical reference standards and analytical reference standards. We also specialize in analytical reference materials as well as pharmaceutical reference standards, environmental reference standards and forensic reference standards. Please visit our website for more details.
We specialize in certified reference materials as well as certified reference standards, chemical reference standards and analytical reference standards. We also specialize in analytical reference materials as well as pharmaceutical reference standards, environmental reference standards and forensic reference standards. Please visit our website for more details.
Separation of Oxazepam solution, 1 mg/mL in methanol, ampule of 1 mL, certified reference material; Lorazepam solution, 1.0 mg/mL in acetonitrile, ampule of 1 mL, certified reference material; Nitrazepam solution, 1.0 mg/mL in acetonitrile, ampule of 1 mL, certified reference material; Clonazepam solution, 1.0 mg/mL in methanol, ampule of 1 mL, certified reference material; Alprazolam solution, 1.0 mg/mL in methanol, ampule of 1 mL, certified reference material; Temazepam solution, 1.0 mg/mL in methanol, ampule of 1 mL, certified reference material; Flunitrazepam solution, 1.0 mg/mL in methanol, ampule of 1 mL, certified reference material; Diazepam solution, 1.0 mg/mL in methanol, ampule of 1 mL, certified reference material
Identification of potential reference genes. Potential reference genes are identified by (A) geNorm and (B) NormFinder. Low M-value or variability represents th
BACKGROUND: Normalizing through reference genes, or housekeeping genes, can make more accurate and reliable results from reverse transcription real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). Recent studies have shown that no single housekeeping gene is universal for all experiments. Thus, suitable reference genes should be the first step of any qPCR analysis. Only a few studies on the identification of housekeeping gene have been carried on plants. Therefore qPCR studies on important crops such as cotton has been hampered by the lack of suitable reference genes.. RESULTS: By the use of two distinct algorithms, implemented by geNorm and NormFinder, we have assessed the gene expression of nine candidate reference genes in cotton: GhACT4, GhEF1alpha5, GhFBX6, GhPP2A1, GhMZA, GhPTB, GhGAPC2, GhbetaTUB3 and GhUBQ14. The candidate reference genes were evaluated in 23 experimental samples consisting of six distinct plant organs, eight stages of flower development, four stages of fruit ...
Quantitative real-time PCR (RT-qPCR) has become an accurate and widely used technique to analyze expression levels of selected genes. It is very necessary to select appropriate reference genes for gene expression normalization. In the present study, we assessed the expression stability of 11 reference genes including eight traditional housekeeping genes and three novel genes in different tissues/organs and developing seeds from four cultivars of tung tree. All 11 reference genes showed a wide range of Ct values in all samples, indicating that they differently expressed. Three softwares--geNorm, NormFinder and BestKeeper--were used to determine the stability of these references except for ALB (2S albumin), which presented a little divergence. The results from the three softwares showed that ACT7 (Actin7a), UBQ (Ubiquitin), GAPDH (glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase) and EF1α (elongation factor 1-α) were the most stable reference genes across all of the tested tung samples and tung ...
The reliability of RT-qPCR data will be greatly improved by inclusion of a reference gene whose transcription level should be invariable in the different experimental conditions [4]. The present study is the first detailed survey on the stability of a large number of genes used as internal controls for RT-qPCR studies of differential expression of genes in peach.. Several approaches have been proposed to identify stability of gene expression and select the best reference genes in the context of the relevant experimental conditions [33-35, 40-45], but to date, there is no consensus on which method should be used to examine reference gene expression stability. A comparison of different algorithms of reference gene selection allows a better evaluation of the most reliable controls and reduces the risk of artificial selection of co-regulated transcripts [46]. In order to select suitable reference gene(s) for accurate normalization, we compared three different statistical approaches, geNorm, ...
Vol 9: Validation of Suitable Reference Genes for Expression Normalization in Echinococcus spp. Larval Stages.. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
Acetaminophen Pharmaceutical Secondary Standard; Certified Reference Material; CAS Number: 103-90-2; EC Number: 203-157-5; Synonyms: APAP,N-Acetyl-4-aminophenol,Paracetamol,4-Acetamidophenol,4′-Hydroxyacetanilide,N-(4-Hydroxyphenyl)acetamide; Linear Formula: CH3CONHC6H4OH; find Supelco-PHR1005 MSDS, related peer-reviewed papers, technical documents, similar products & more at Sigma-Aldrich
Quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) is a rapid and sensitive approach to identify miRNA and protein-coding gene expression in plants. However, because of the specially designated reverse transcription and shorter PCR products, very few reference genes have been identified for the quantitative analysis of miRNA expression in plants, and different internal reference genes are needed to normalize the expression of miRNAs and mRNA genes respectively. Therefore, it is particularly important to select the suitable common reference genes for normalization of quantitative PCR of miRNA and mRNA. In this study, a modified reverse transcription PCR protocol was adopted for selecting and validating universal internal reference genes of mRNAs and miRNAs. Eight commonly used reference genes, four stably expressed novel genes in Populus tremula, three small noncoding RNAs and three conserved miRNAs were selected as candidate genes, and the stability of their expression was examined
Fisher Scientific™ Fisher Scientific™ Traceable™ Conductivity Calibration Standards Certified Reference Material (CRM) NIST Individual bottle...
We are suppliers, manufacturer and distributors partner of standard reference material instrumentation comes under industrial materials testing.
United States Patent 3,466,249 BLOOD SERUM REFERENCE STANDARD FOR MULTI-AUTOMATED ANALYTICAL PROCEDURES Roy A. Anderson, North Hollywood, Calif., assignor to Baxter Laboratories, Inc., Morton Grove, 11]., a corporation of Delaware No Drawing. Filed Feb. 13, 1967, Ser. No. 615,339 Int. Cl. C09k 3/00 U.S. Cl. 252-408 4 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A stable blood serum reference standard having a standard carbon dioxide content for use in multi-automated analytical procedures in which a freeze-dried blood serum component of the reference standard is reconstituted with an aqueous ammonium bicarbonate component of the reference standard. This invention relates to a laboratory standard material and, more particularly, to a stable blood serum reference standard and to a method of preparation and use thereof. The rapid quantitation or estimation of various blood serum components has become a valuble adjunct in the clinical diagnosis of disease. In recent years a number of elaborate electronic ...
Reference genes are essential for studying mRNA expression with quantitative PCR (qPCR). We investigated 11 potential neutrophil reference genes (RPL19, GAPDH, ACTB, B2M, HPRT, G6PD, TFRC, PGK1, YWHAZ, SDHA and GYPC) for sheep under disease conditions of foot rot (FR) and with or without Se supplementation. Initial screening was based on gene expression level (,28 Cq cycles) and variability (SD , 1.5 Cq cycles) and excluded TFRC, GYPC and HPRT from further analysis. Expression stability of the remaining genes was evaluated using four software programs: geNorm, NormFinder, BestKeeper and the comparative delta Cq method. The neutrophil reference genes, G6PD, YWHAZ, GAPDH, RPL19 and SDHA, consistently ranked among the top five most stable genes under these experimental conditions. The SDHA gene expression was not stable in FR-diseased sheep receiving Se treatment and, thus, cannot be recommended as a reference gene. The commonly used genes, PGK1, ACTB and B2M, were not reliable reference genes, ...
Selection and Evaluation of Potential Reference Genes for Gene Expression Analysis in the Brown Planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens Hemiptera: Delphacidae Using Reverse-Transcription Quantitative PCR. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
Seashore paspalum (Paspalum vaginatum) is among the most salt- and cadmium-tolerant warm-season perennial grass species widely used as turf or forage. The objective of this study was to select stable reference genes for quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) analysis of seashore paspalum in response to four abiotic stresses. The stability of 12 potential reference genes was evaluated by four programs (geNorm, NormFinder, BestKeeper, and RefFinder). U2AF combined with glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) showed stable expression in Cd-treated leaves and cold-treated roots. U2AF and FBOX were the most stable reference genes in Cd-treated roots and cold-treated leaves. In Polyethylene Glycol (PEG)- or salt-treated roots, the reference gene U2AF paired with either ACT or CYP were stable. SAND and CACS exhibited the most stability in salt-treated leaves, and combining UPL, PP2A, and EF1a was most suitable for PEG-treated leaves. The stability of U2AF and instability of UPL and
0053] It follows that if the internal reference is not present (such as in the blood samples), iint ref should be zero and the ihigh volt will be substantially the same as ilow volt. Thus, the DI value will approach 1. When the internal reference is present, the value of DI will be greater than 1, depending on the amount of the reference compound relative to the amount of glucose. If the amount of internal reference added to the control solution provides a current similar to that from oxidizing the glucose-related mediator, the DI value can be about 2. The internal reference may be included in an amount suitable for control solutions corresponding to a high glucose concentration. It is typical to use several control solutions corresponding to low, normal, and high glucose concentration to test a glucose meter. If, for example the amount of the internal reference is chosen so that the DI value is 1.75 or greater for the highest glucose concentration in the control solution, the current from the ...
This page contains information about Secondary Standards traceble to EP of Buspirone for system suitability(Secondary Standards traceble to EP). Purchase Buspirone for system suitability(Secondary Standards traceble to EP) online
1 x 100 ml 1000 ppm calibration material. The material should be used annually, after repair/maintenance and where results are unusual/inconsistent.. The calibration material has a shelf life of 6 months from the date of manufacture.. Methods: ASTM D7963. ...
In this Clinical Chemistry podcast, listen to Dr. Jim Huggett discuss his September 2018 Clinical Chemistry study which was an assessment of digital PCR as a primary reference measurement procedure to support advances in precision medicine.
Pinus massoniaia Lamb has gained more and more attention as the most important tree species for timber and forestation in South China. Gene expression studies are of great importance to identify new and elite cultivars. Real-time quantitative PCR, a highly sensitive and specific method, is commonly used in the analysis of gene expression. The appropriate reference genes must be employed to normalize the calculation program for ascertaining repeatable and significant results. Herein, eleven housekeeping genes were evaluated during different stages of P. massoniana post nematode inoculation in this study. Three statistical approaches such as geNorm, NormFinder and BestKeeper were selected to analyze the stability of candidate genes. The results indicated that U2af and β-TUB were the most stable reference genes. These two genes could be used for the normalization in most of the experiments of P. massoniana, while Histone and AK were the least stable ones. In addition, EF expressed at the lowest average Ct
Three new mussel tissue standard reference materials (SRMs) have been developed by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) for the determination of the concentrations of organic cont
...The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has issued t...With walls of carbon only one atom thick and looking like a sheet of c...Unfortunately nanotubes are difficult to produce without significant ... One of the issues that this reference material addresses is that ther...,NIST,releases,first,certified,reference,material,for,single-wall,carbon,nanotubes,biological,biology news articles,biology news today,latest biology news,current biology news,biology newsletters
The selection of reference genes in sugarcane under Sugarcane mosaic virus (SCMV) infection has not been reported and is indispensable to get reliable reverse transcription quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) results for validation of transcriptome analysis. In this regard, seven potential reference genes were tested by RT-qPCR and ranked according to their stability using BestKeeper, NormFinder and GeNorm algorithms, and RefFinder WEB-based software in an experiment performed with samples from two sugarcane cultivars contrasting for SCMV resistance, when mechanically inoculated with a severe SCMV strain and using mock inoculated plant controls. The genes Uridylate kinase (UK) and Ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme 18 (UBC18) were the most stable according to GeNorm algorithm and the Pearson correlation coefficients with the BestKeeper index. On the other hand, ribosomal protein L35-4 (RPL1), Actin (ACT) and Ubiquitin1 (UBQ1) were the least stable genes for all algorithms tested.
A correction for the undesirable effects of direct and indirect cross-interference from water vapour on ammonia (NH3) measurements was developed using an optical laser sensor based on cavity ring-down spectroscopy. This correction relied on new measurements of the collisional broadening due to water vapour of two NH3 spectral lines in the near infra-red (6548.6 and 6548.8cm−1), and on the development of novel stable primary standard gas mixtures (PSMs) of ammonia prepared by gravimetry in passivated gas cylinders at 100μmol mol−1. The PSMs were diluted dynamically to provide calibration mixtures of dry and humidified ammonia atmospheres of known composition in the nmol mol−1range and were employed as part of establishing a metrological traceability chain to improve the reliability and accuracy of ambient ammonia measurements. The successful implementation of this correction will allow the extension of this rapid online spectroscopic technique to exposure chamber validation tests under ...
Next generation sequencing (NGS) platforms give researchers much greater power when profiling tumor samples. However, the use of NGS presents challenges surrounding sample variability, platform bias, and potential failure to detect biomarkers. Horizons standards are appropriate for any NGS library preparation including whole-genome, whole-exome, custom capture and targeted amplicon panels. Horizon has developed this Quality-Seq (Q-Seq) NGS Reference Standard range to support the development and continued validation of Next Generation Sequencing platforms. The Tru-Q DNA Reference Standard portfolio covers multiple endogenous SNPs, insertions and deletions. Tru-Q NGS DNA Reference Standard 1 (5% Tier) covers 10 mutations at 5% allelic frequency in genomic DNA format. These may be diluted to even lower allelic frequencies using our Tru-Q 0 Wild Type standard. Furthermore, because the Tru-Q series has 4 different standards at the 5% alleleic frequency range, you may use rotate these as blinded ...
Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans; New York; Infrastructure SIP for the 2010 Nitrogen Dioxide Primary Standard, 25066-25074 [2014-09982]
Research Interests. 1). Standards & reference materials for cancer biomarker clinical analysis. Currently, we are working on the development of cell line based genomic DNA reference materials for gene copy number variations biomarker HER2/EGFR/MET, and spike-in based mimic cell- free DNA reference materials for cancer detection of rare allele mutation in non-invasive circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) from patients blood. Human artificial chromosomes (HACs) carrying a functional kinetochore were considered as a promising system for gene delivery and expression with a potential to overcome many problems caused by the use of viral-based gene transfer systems. We are interested in engineering a tailored reference material platform based on HAC and genome editing tools such as CRISPR/Cas9 for the production of defined gene copies and gene mutation, or defined fold protein overexpression reference materials.. 2). Metrology for cancer biomarker and biosystems. A variety of genetic alterations, including ...
The Quality Control Reference Materials portfolio is a unique collection of standards and mixtures. These products allow the user to evaluate and benchmark their chromatography system before analysis of critical material. The products in the portfolio are all specially formulated based on the expertise of Waters scientist. The Reversed-Phase QC Reference Material is a significantly complex reference material mixture in that it contains compounds which could be challenging to separate. It is designed to provide this complexity and is appropriate when complex assays are routinely performed. It can be used with a variety of column chemistries and dimensions, and system hardware. The Reversed-Phase QC Reference Material contains 7 compounds including uracil, butyl paraben, naphthalene, propranolol, dipropylphthalate, acenaphthene, and amitriptyline at pH 7. This standard mix should be used to confirm the benchmark performance of your analytical HPLC or UPLC system. This particular QC
Thousands of experiments and studies use the human reference genome as a resource each year. This single reference genome, GRCh38, is a mosaic created from a small number of individuals, representing a very small sample of the human population. There is a need for reference genomes from multiple human populations to avoid potential biases. Here, we describe the assembly and annotation of the genome of an Ashkenazi individual and the creation of a new, population-specific human reference genome. This genome is more contiguous and more complete than GRCh38, the latest version of the human reference genome, and is annotated with highly similar gene content. The Ashkenazi reference genome, Ash1, contains 2,973,118,650 nucleotides as compared to 2,937,639,212 in GRCh38. Annotation identified 20,157 protein-coding genes, of which 19,563 are | 99% identical to their counterparts on GRCh38. Most of the remaining genes have small differences. Forty of the protein-coding genes in GRCh38 are missing from Ash1;
A framework of establishing standard reference scale (texture) is proposed by multivariate statistical analysis according to instrumental measurement and sensory evaluation. Multivariate statistical analysis is conducted to rapidly select typical reference samples with characteristics of universality, representativeness, stability, substitutability, and traceability. The reasonableness of the framework method is verified by establishing standard reference scale of texture attribute (hardness) with Chinese well-known food. More than 100 food products in 16 categories were tested using instrumental measurement (TPA test), and the result was analyzed with clustering analysis, principal component analysis, relative standard deviation, and analysis of variance. As a result, nine kinds of foods were determined to construct the hardness standard reference scale. The results indicate that the regression coefficient between the estimated sensory value and the instrumentally measured value is significant ...
Computer-assisted microsurgery equipment, of the type including an articulated tool support, with one of the ends being integral with a fixed reference system Rc. The system comprises cameras for determining the tool coordinates in said fixed reference system Rc, and an image data base wherein are recorded images from an imaging system in the image reference system Ri. The inventions characterized by having at least two sensors integral with the fixed reference system Rc supplying an electrical signal depending on the patient reference position Rp in the fixed reference system Rc, and a computer for matching the tool reference system Ro with the patient reference system Rp and the image reference system Ri according to data from the bidimensional sensor, cameras for determining the coordinates of the tool in the fixed reference system Rc and data from the image base. The computer supplies a signal for displaying the position of the tool in the image reference system Ri on a monitor and for controlling
rdf:RDF xmlns:dcterms=http://purl.org/dc/terms/ xmlns:dc=http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/ xmlns:rdf=http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns# xmlns:bibo=http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/ xmlns:dspace=http://digital-repositories.org/ontologies/dspace/0.1.0# xmlns:foaf=http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/ xmlns:void=http://rdfs.org/ns/void# xmlns:xsd=http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema# , ,rdf:Description rdf:about=https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/25894, ,foaf:homepage rdf:resource=http://localhost:8080/jspui/, ,dcterms:title,Identification and evaluation of endogenous reference genes for steady state transcript quantification by qPCR in the diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum with constitutive expression independent from time and light,/dcterms:title, ,dcterms:isPartOf rdf:resource=https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/28/, ,dc:creator,Sturm, Sabine,/dc:creator, ,dc:contributor,Gruber, Ansgar,/dc:contributor, ,dc:creator,Kroth, Peter,/dc:creator, ...
Wind chill values as low as -14F/-26C and we hit the road with a lead. Some nice new reference material on early Tru-Test cans and colors added to the collection archives ...
28S-ribosomal RNA is superior to glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase as a RNA reference gene in p53-deficient mice with unilateral ureteral obstruction Academic Article ...
A2LA has accredited CANNON for technical competence in the field of calibration (certificate number 1262.01) and the production of certified reference materials (certificate number 1262.02) . The ISO/IEC 17025 accreditation covers the calibration of glass capillary and cup viscometers, the determination of kinematic and dynamic viscosity (including that of viscosity standards and the viscosity certification of customer samples), and the provision of calibration services for viscometers and kinematic viscosity thermometers. The ISO/IEC Guide 34 accreditation covers the production of certified reference materials for kinematic and dynamic viscosity oil standards.. ...
Pressure reference system (PRS) is an enhancement of the inertial reference system and attitude and heading reference system designed to provide position angles measurements which are stable in time and does not suffer by long term drift caused by the sensors imperfections. The measurement system uses behavior of the International Standard Atmosphere where atmospheric pressure descends with increasing altitude and two pairs of measurement units. Each pair measures pressure at two different positions that are mechanically connected with known distance between units, e.g. the units are mounted at the tips of the wing. In the horizontal flight, there is no pressure difference measured by the measurement system which means the position angle is zero. In case the airplane turns the tips of the wing mutually changes their position, one is going up and the second one is going down, and the pressure sensors in every unit measure different values which are translated into a position angle. The strapdown ...
In temperate climate, people spend on average 85% of their time in closed environments and a majority of that time in housing. Different sources (furniture, floors, walls, ceilings) may be responsible for the presence of pollutants in these closed environments. To address the health challenge raised by the quality of indoor air and provide useful elements for the management of this risk to public authorities, the French agency for food, environmental and occupational health and safety (Anses) works since 2004 in the development of indoor air guideline values (IAGVs), based exclusively on health criteria. Since the beginning of this work, Anses identified eleven indoor air pollutants of interest including formaldehyde known for its irritant effects. Since 2004, formaldehyde is classified by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) as proven carcinogen to humans (Group 1) and since 2007 is subject to IAGVs (short term IAGVs 50 μg·m−3 for an exposure of two hours and long term ...
ERA is also a fully acknowledged provider of proficiency tests accredited under ISO 17043. They provide fast, reliable and easy to use PTs on monthly or quarterly schedules. The reporting of analytical results is easily done online with their new eDATA 2.0 system, which also generates highly sophisticated reports to the participants ...
England & Wales 0115 982 1111 Scotland 01236 431 857 Analab Northern Ireland 02892 621100 Analab Republic of Ireland +353(0)1 4069464 ...
Geostats Pty Ltd. Geostats is committed to providing high quality products and services to the global minerals industry in a safe, sustainable and environmentally conscious manner.. © All Copyright Reserved (1992-2020). ...
Geostats Pty Ltd. Geostats is committed to providing high quality products and services to the global minerals industry in a safe, sustainable and environmentally conscious manner.. © All Copyright Reserved (1992-2020). ...
Sulfated Peptide Standards are lyophilized peptides that are useful for the standardization and method development of sulfoproteomic analyses. Each Peptide Standard is Certified Mass Spec Grade and provided in convenient, lyophilized vials for easy reconstitution and usage.
Novachem is the Australian distributor for Cambridge Isotope Laboratories (CIL), AccuStandard, LGC Standards, Fluorochem, Toronto Research Chemicals and FujiFilm Wako Pure Chemical Corporation amongst others. We supply specialist research materials, NMR solvents, stable isotope labelled materials, certified reference materials (CRMs), pharmaceuticals and medicines, forensic and drug standards, environmental and food reference standards, and general laboratory chemicals and solvents of highest quality. Novachem also manages the sales and distribution of the AXIO PT proficiency testing scheme in Australia and New Zealand.. ...
Novachem is the Australian distributor for Cambridge Isotope Laboratories (CIL), AccuStandard, LGC Standards, Fluorochem, Toronto Research Chemicals and FujiFilm Wako Pure Chemical Corporation amongst others. We supply specialist research materials, NMR solvents, stable isotope labelled materials, certified reference materials (CRMs), pharmaceuticals and medicines, forensic and drug standards, environmental and food reference standards, and general laboratory chemicals and solvents of highest quality. Novachem also manages the sales and distribution of the AXIO PT proficiency testing scheme in Australia and New Zealand.. ...
Novachem is the Australian distributor for Cambridge Isotope Laboratories (CIL), AccuStandard, LGC Standards, Fluorochem, Toronto Research Chemicals and FujiFilm Wako Pure Chemical Corporation amongst others. We supply specialist research materials, NMR solvents, stable isotope labelled materials, certified reference materials (CRMs), pharmaceuticals and medicines, forensic and drug standards, environmental and food reference standards, and general laboratory chemicals and solvents of highest quality. Novachem also manages the sales and distribution of the AXIO PT proficiency testing scheme in Australia and New Zealand.. ...
Dermatophagoides farinae is an important source of indoor allergens that shows strong tolerance to external temperatures. However, the regularity and mechanism of tolerance are still unclear. Based on our previous RNA-seq and annotation of D. farinae under temperature stress, it is planned to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) involved in the temperature stress response by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). However, the lack of reference genes directly limited the detection and confirmation of DEGs. Accordingly, in this study, we have selected six candidates as reference genes in D. farinae: 60S RP L11, 60S RP L21, α tubulin, GAPDH, Der f Mal f 6, and calreticulin, and evaluated their expression stabilities as affected by heat and cold stresses, using geNorm, NormFinder, BestKeeper, comparative ΔCt and RefFinder methods. Then the expression level of 15 DEGs were detected and verified. geNorm analysis showed that α tubulin and calreticulin were the most stable reference genes ...
There was an interview with the senior metrologist in Canada on As It Happens last night about this (itll be on the website tomorrow). Apparently, there are thirty or so national standards that were created using the Paris standard as a reference. These are the masses that appear to be getting heavier relative to the primary reference mass. Apparently, just as your stove gets greasy from cooking oils, the platinum-iridium national standards are getting dirtied by hydrocarbons in the atmosphere. The secondary standards get used far more often than the primary, and come in contact with the atmosphere much more often. So, in the experts view, the primary standard isnt getting lighter, the secondary national standards are getting heavier ...
The PELCO® XCS EDS calibration standards are practical, high quality and compact EDS calibration standards using a standard type 12.7mm (1/2) pin stub as retainer.
The PELCO® XCS EDS calibration standards are practical, high quality and compact EDS calibration standards using a standard type 12.7mm (1/2) pin stub as retainer.
9780891169321 THERMODYN PROP OF PROPANE (National Standard Reference Data Service of the USSR : A Series of Property Tables, Vol. 11),books, textbooks, text book
Molecular/Genomic reference standards are a class of 'controls' or standards used to check the performance of molecular ... Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements NIBSC NIST Horizon Discovery Reference Standards Maine Molecular Quality ... Molecular reference standards are available in a variety of formats, each of which has strengths and weaknesses. These ... Molecular/Genomic Reference Materials (RMs) are selected or engineered to model a specific genetic biomarker as it occurs in a ...
The Standard Reference Method or SRM is one of several systems modern brewers use to specify beer color. Determination of the ... "The Standard Reference Method of Beer Color Specification as the Basis for a New Method of Beer Color Reporting", J.Am.Soc. ... ASTM E-308-96 "Standard Practices for Computing the Colors of Objects by Using the CIE System", ASTM International, West ... as it passes through 1 cm of beer contained in a standard 1 cm by 1 cm cuvette. The absorption is the log of the ratio of the ...
A drug reference standard or pharmaceutical reference standard is a highly characterized material suitable to test the identity ... Pharmacopoeial reference standards are a subset of pharmaceutical reference standards. They are established for the intended ... European Pharmacopoeia United States Pharmacopeia Reference Standards of the European Pharmacopoeia Reference Standards of the ... Reference Material LGC Standards Chiron AS SynThink Clearsynth US National Institute of Standards and Technology EDQM Reference ...
The Standard Color Reference of America (and its supplement the U.S. Army Color Card) is a book of reference fabric swatches of ... The Standard Color reference is a supplemented by a special U.S. Army Color Card showing, in silk ribbon form, the key shades ... The Standard Color Reference of America was issued in 1915 for the purpose of simplifying color work by standardizing color for ... Note that the standards name or standard number will always signify the color so designated in this card. The names which have ...
... is a 2012 book by Rezwan Razack and Kishore Jhunjhunwalla. The book ... The Revised Standard Reference Guide to Indian Paper Money'' includes high resolution colour images of notes from Semi- ... The Standard Reference Guide to Indian Paper Money''. The authors of the book also acknowledged the roles of Rekha Chandrabhanu ... "Showing us the money". Business Standard. Retrieved 30 March 2012. "Show me the money". Express Buzz. Retrieved 30 March 2012. ...
... for light commercial vehicles ≤ 1,305 kg reference mass (Category N1 Class I), g/km European ... Stage IV standards are enforced from 2014. Stage V standards are phased-in from 2018 with full enforcement from 2021. As of 1 ... The European emission standards are vehicle emission standards for pollution from the use of new land surface vehicles sold in ... These standards are used in relation to the emissions standards. In the early 2000s, Australia began harmonising Australian ...
"Franklin Standard". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 2009-02-21. v t e v t ... Standard died in October 2021, at the age of 72. Olympedia: Franklin Standard profile Murió un participante del histórico ... Franklin Standard Johnson (June 8, 1949 - October 2021) was a Cuban basketball player who won the bronze medal with the men's ...
Its name is a reference both to the American state of New Jersey in which Princeton and Bell Labs are located and to Standard ... "HaMLet S: To Become Or Not To Become Successor ML" (PDF). "SML reference interpreter". "Standard ML of New Jersey Change Log ... In 2008, work began on HaMLet, a reference implementation of Successor ML written entirely in Standard ML. As of 2018, HaMLet ... Standard ML of New Jersey (SML/NJ; Standard Meta-Language of New Jersey) is a free and open-source compiler and programming ...
The Committee's original terms of reference were "To examine current concerns about standards of conduct of all holders of ... Committee on Standards in Public Life. 31 May 1995. Retrieved 29 November 2021. Committee on Standards in Public Life: Annual ... "First Report of the Committee on Standards in Public Life" (PDF). Committee on Standards in Public Life. 1995. Archived from ... House of Commons Library, Committee on Standards in Public Life, SN/PC/04888, 11 November 2008 "Committee on Standards in ...
Bahasa Malaysia and Bahasa Melayu are used interchangeably in reference to Malay in Malaysia. Malay was designated as a ... Indonesian and Standard Malay are two standardised varieties of the Malay language, used officially in Indonesia (and in Timor ... Pronunciation of certain loanwords in Standard Malay follows English, while in Indonesian it follows Dutch, for example Malay " ... Authorities in both Brunei and Singapore generally abide by the Malaysian standard in disputes. The following texts are ...
Data from reference. Numbers from, CD version. Kometa-Standard Prototype LZ-901. 1 built. Kometa-Standard II Production variant ... The Kometa-Standard was a Standard Class glider, designed and built in Bulgaria in the early 1960s. Thirty were flown by local ... The Kometa-Standard was the second glider designed by Pavlov and Panchovsky, a fully aerobatic Standard Class aircraft of ... faster than the Kometa-Standard II. Overall, the fuselage tapered uniformly from the cockpit to the tail. The Kometa-Standard ...
The John Coltrane Reference. New York/Abingdon: Routledge. p. 532-534. ISBN 9780415634632. Retrieved 2 January 2020. DownBeat ... Standard Coltrane is an album by jazz musician John Coltrane released in October 1962 by Prestige Records. It was recorded at a ... "John Coltrane: Standard Coltrane". AllMusic. Retrieved January 27, 2022. Reid, Graham (August 4, 2014). "John Coltrane: ... Standard Coltrane". Elsewhere. Retrieved January 27, 2022. v t e (Articles with short description, Short description is ...
"OpenGL / OpenGL ES Reference Compiler". www.khronos.org. Retrieved 2020-10-01. "SPIR-V Cross". www.github.com. Retrieved 2020- ... The standard version of SPIR-V uses this feature for OpenCL compute kernels, but not for shader stages, which the graphical ... The SPIR family now includes a true cross-API standard that is fully defined by Khronos with native support for shader and ... Standard Portable Intermediate Representation (SPIR) is an intermediate language for parallel compute and graphics by Khronos ...
MIS may also be referred to as a reference budget, as it provides a costed list of items that households need to buy. Unlike ... so the national budget standard now applies to the whole of the UK. This standard was calculated based on the needs of people ... which continues to be used to define the Minimum Income Standard for the United Kingdom: 'a minimum standard of living in ... The Minimum Income Standard (MIS) is a research method developed in the UK, and now applied in other countries, to identify ...
"Emission Standards Reference Guide" (PDF). (141 KB) for heavy duty and nonroad engines. Federal Income Tax Credits for Hybrids ... The current standard is Euro 6C, it has been phased in since 2019. Bharat stage emission standards are emission standards ... More stringent emission standard, National Standard III, equivalent to Euro III standards, went into effect on 1 July 2007. ... Interim standards were introduced on 1 January 1975, and again for 1976. The final set of standards were introduced for 1978. ...
... Quick Reference. Apress. ISBN 978-1484218754. C++ Standard Library reference Microsoft C++ Standard ... The C++ Standard Library also incorporates most headers of the ISO C standard library ending with ".h", but their use is ... Josuttis, Nicolai (2012). The C++ Standard Library - A Tutorial and Reference. Addison-Wesley. ISBN 978-0-321-62321-8. Van ... The C++ Standard Library is based upon conventions introduced by the Standard Template Library (STL), and has been influenced ...
According to their Terms of Reference, their responsibilities include: the creation of financial accounting standards following ... The Accounting Standards Board (AcSB) establishes accounting standards for use by private enterprises and private sector not- ... See AcSOC's Terms of Reference. Note: AcSOC is empowered by its terms of reference to take necessary, reasonable actions to ... List of accountancy bodies Accounting Standards Review Board (New Zealand) Accounting Standards Board (United Kingdom) ...
Table of standard electrode potentials Reversible hydrogen electrode Palladium-hydrogen electrode Reference electrode Dynamic ... To differentiate this new standard from the previous one it was given the name 'Standard Hydrogen Electrode'. Finally, there ... The standard redox potential of the deuterium couple is slightly different from that of the proton couple (ca. −0.0044 V vs SHE ... The standard hydrogen electrode (abbreviated SHE), is a redox electrode which forms the basis of the thermodynamic scale of ...
Reference: Home Poker Tourney Web site. Playing Card Review, retrieved 2014-02-27. Parlett (2008), p. 644. Arnold (1988), p. ... The standard French-suited pack uses black for the spades and clubs, and red for the hearts and diamonds. However, some packs ... The standard 52-card deck of French-suited playing cards is the most common pack of playing cards used today. In English- ... The most popular standard pattern of the French deck is the English pattern (pictured above), sometimes referred to as the ...
"Reference at www.carsafetyrules.com". "Reference at www.globalncap.org". "Tata Nano, other Indian small cars fail independent ... To review and recommend amendments to the existing standards Recommend adoption of such standards to CMVR Technical Standing ... "Reference at www.who.int" (PDF). "The ugly side of India's automotive boom : Car-Nama". Archived from the original on 2013-03- ... The Automotive Industry Standards are the automotive technical specifications of India. They are based on the UNECE norms. The ...
... standard reference temperature for geometric product specifications Reference atmospheric model Room temperature Standard sea- ... Some of these organizations used other standards in the past. For example, IUPAC has, since 1982, defined standard reference ... In industry and commerce, standard conditions for temperature and pressure are often necessary to define the standard reference ... as their standard gas volume reference conditions, used as the base values for defining the standard cubic meter. Also, the ...
"PCI DSS Quick Reference Guide" (PDF). Retrieved November 12, 2020. "Official PCI Security Standards Council Site - Verify PCI ... The PCI Standard is mandated by the card brands but administered by the Payment Card Industry Security Standards Council. The ... PCI Security Standards Council. "Payment Card Industry (PCI) Data Security Standard Requirements and Security Assessment ... "Securing the Future of Payments: PCI SSC Publishes PCI Data Security Standard v4.0". PCI Security Standards Council. March 31, ...
All articles needing additional references, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Computer security standards, Cybercrime ... The 2018 Standard is available free of charge to members of the ISF. Non-members are able to purchase a copy of the standard ... The Principles and Objectives part of the Standard provides a high-level version of the Standard, by bringing together just the ... Upon release, the 2011 Standard was the most significant update of the standard for four years. It covers information security ...
1] [2] Adobe Systems Incorporated (February 1999) [1985]. PostScript Language Reference Manual (PDF) (1st printing, 3rd ed.). ... The PostScript Standard Encoding (often spelled StandardEncoding, aliased as PostScript) is one of the character sets (or ... The following table shows the PostScript Standard Encoding. Each character is shown with a potential Unicode equivalent. ... Adobe Systems Incorporated (1990) [1985]. PostScript Language Reference Manual (2nd ed.). Addison-Wesley Publishing Company. ( ...
... reference to a prior note or page may be disrupted if an editor inserts a new reference in the article before the reference of ... The Oxford University Standard for Citation of Legal Authorities (OSCOLA) is a style guide that provides the modern method of ... "Cases (UK)". OSCOLA referencing guide. University of Northampton. Retrieved 2022-03-09. Nolan, Donal; Meredith, Sandra, eds. ( ... 2012) [First ed 2000]. Oxford University Standard for the Citation of Legal Authorities (PDF) (4th ed.). Hart. ISBN 978- ...
"Siplast International - references". www.siplast-international.com. Retrieved 2020-05-29. Peters, Adele (2019-01-15). "The ... Standard Industries' origins date back to 1886, with the founding of the Standard Paint Company. In January 2016, Standard ... Standard Industries is a privately-held global industrial company headquartered in New York City. Standard is the parent ... where Standard Industries Holdings will acquire Grace in an all-cash transaction valued at approximately $7 billion. Standard ...
The voluntary industry consensus standards developed by TCIA, resulted in the ANSI A300 standard, the generally accepted ... "NVIM Quick Reference Guide. Obligations under the Biodiversity Conservation Strategy" (PDF). environment.vic.gov.au. Inc., ... High safety standards against the dangers of tree care have helped the industry evolve. Especially felling in space-limited ... "TCIA , A300 Standards". www.tcia.org. Retrieved 2018-04-06. https://tcia.org/ "News: Expert workshop on Tree Care and ...
There are two types of qualifying standard: the "A" standard and the "B" standard. Each National Olympic Committee (NOC) may ... Sports Reference. Retrieved on 2014-01-31. Athletics at the 1904 Summer Games: Men's 100 metres. Sports Reference. Retrieved on ... The IAAF qualifying standards for the 100 m have become progressively more stringent since 2000. On top of IAAF standards, ... Sports Reference. Retrieved on 2014-01-31. Athletics at the 1912 Summer Games: Men's 100 metres. Sports Reference. Retrieved on ...
Digital rights management standards, ISO/IEC standards, Metadata, MPEG, Multimedia frameworks). ... "Terms of Reference". chiariglione.org. Archived from the original on February 21, 2010. Retrieved 2009-10-31. MPEG. "MPEG ... The MPEG-21 standard, from the Moving Picture Experts Group, aims at defining an open framework for multimedia applications. ... Among the aspirations for this standard, that the industry hope will put an end to file sharing, is that it will constitute: "A ...
Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data. 44 (3): 031210. Bibcode:2015JPCRD..44c1210P. doi:10.1063/1.4921980. Portals: ... The standard gravitational parameter can be determined using a pendulum oscillating above the surface of a body as: μ ≈ 4 π 2 r ... In celestial mechanics, the standard gravitational parameter μ of a celestial body is the product of the gravitational constant ... IAU Division I Working Group on Numerical Standards for Fundamental Astronomy. Retrieved 25 June 2021., citing Ries, J. C., ...
Standard gauge locomotives of Canada, Standard gauge locomotives of Mexico, Standard gauge locomotives of Venezuela, Standard ... Articles needing additional references from November 2019, All articles needing additional references, Commons category link is ... Standard gauge locomotives of the United States, ...
All articles lacking reliable references, Articles lacking reliable references from June 2020, Articles with short description ... In 2000, the number jumped to 2.5 (more than the number of standard "film producers"). In 2013, there were an average of 4.4 ...
Standard Korean Language Dictionary. National Institute of Korean Language. Retrieved 20 March 2017. "jeoncha" 전차. Standard ... All articles lacking reliable references, Articles lacking reliable references from July 2022, Articles with French-language ...
Ted Lyons, Baseball-Reference.com. Accessed May 5, 2009. Lew Moren, Baseball-Reference.com. Accessed May 5, 2009. Goldstein, ... "regularly tossed up a knuckler as part of their standard repertoire." Both lists include a handful of non-pitchers who used the ... Tom Candiotti, Baseball-Reference.com. Accessed May 4, 2009. Eddie Cicotte, Baseball-Reference.com. Accessed May 4, 2009. " ... Steve Sparks, Baseball-Reference.com. Accessed May 11, 2009. "Dennis Springer Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. ...
The standard author abbreviation Finl. is used to indicate this person as the author when citing a botanical name. Henry ... Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from The American Cyclopaedia with a Wikisource reference, Use British English from ... Articles incorporating DNB text with Wikisource reference, Articles with ISNI identifiers, Articles with VIAF identifiers, ...
Articles needing additional references from May 2021, All articles needing additional references, Articles with multiple ... The Foundation strives to improve the standards of trial and appellate advocacy, ethics of the profession and the ... Founded in 1950, the College is dedicated to maintaining and improving the standards of trial practice, especially trial ...
In 2004, the Oxford English Dictionary added two new draft definitions of -isms to reference their relationship to words that ... it appears in the title of a standard survey of political thought, Today's Isms by William Ebenstein, first published in the ... and various spiritual or religious movements considered non-mainstream by the standards of the time (such as Transcendentalism ...
Articles needing additional references from May 2017, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia introduction ... Leaving his standard goodbye letter for the woman he just had sex with, Barney, Robin and Lily flee. Robin brings donuts and ...
An omnibus collection of Johnson's poetry at Standard Ebooks Free scores by J. Rosamond Johnson at the International Music ... Presidential candidate Joe Biden referenced the hymn in his action plan for addressing racial disparities in the United States ... in reference to "Lift Every Voice and Sing" has been criticized. Timothy Askew, an associate professor at the historically ... Some Conservative commentators have similarly criticized performances and references to "Lift Every Voice and Sing" as the " ...
... one of which became a standard term in the ancient navigation of Phoenicians, Greeks, and Romans. Several examples of peripli ... Nautical reference works). ...
6". Woody Allen has been influenced by Chekhov and reference to his works are present in many of his films including Love and ... Rosamund, Bartlett (2 February 2010). "The House That Chekhov Built". London Evening Standard. p. 31. Greenberg, Yael. "The ... His work has also served as inspiration or been referenced in numerous films. In Andrei Tarkovsky's 1975 film The Mirror, ... "References" section for print publication details of all of these. Site also has translations of all the plays. Works by or ...
1912). A history of nursing: from the earliest times to the present day with special reference to the work of the past thirty ... The program required students to be graduates of a Government High School, complete three years of standard training, and a ... Nursing universities were established in the twentieth century and regulations were passed to develop standards for training ... It established educational requirements, standards and licensure. In 1946, the Japanese Nursing Association was created, ...
NIAPUNE (Articles with short description, Short description matches Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from April ... has undergone thorough management and syllabus restructuring following international standards under the supervision of Dr. ... 2010, All articles needing additional references, Articles with peacock terms from February 2011, All articles with peacock ...
An article in the San Angelo Standard-Times referred to him as a "240-pound behemoth." At the end of the year, Hatley was named ... "1953 NFL Draft Listing". Pro-Football-Reference.com. "Texans Picked On First Draft". Times Record News. Associated Press. ... "Sul Ross Adds Top Gridiron Talent To Team". San Angelo Standard-Times. August 21, 1952. p. 13 - via Newspapers.com. Adams, Bill ... "Waivers Asked On John Hatley". San Angelo Standard-Times. Associated Press. August 9, 1961. p. 16 - via Newspapers.com. "Johnny ...
Articles lacking reliable references from December 2006, All articles lacking reliable references, Articles with multiple ... Houdini covers all the major areas of 3D production, including these: Modeling - All standard geometry entities including ... Successful users are generally familiar with a large repertoire of networks (algorithms) which achieve standard creative ...
Articles needing additional references from December 2021, All articles needing additional references, Articles with ... "She Caught the Katy (And Left Me a Mule to Ride)" is a blues standard written by Taj Mahal and James Rachell. The song was ...
American standard sieves American standard sieves also known as ASTM sieves conform to ASTM E11 standard. The nominal aperture ... Articles needing additional references from May 2018, All articles needing additional references, Chemical engineering, ... Standard Specification for Woven Wire Test Sieve Cloth and Test Sieves. ASTM E11 - 13. ASTM International. p. 9. List of ASTM ... 16 Standard Test Method for Sieve Analysis of Metal Powders (Articles with short description, Short description is different ...
2005 ISBN 978-1-59311-370-4 for reference to Rickards' work in this area. Financial Times, 20 September 1996 ^ Rickards, T., ... which analyses contemporary figures that represent various styles and standards of leadership. He also writes and uploads ...
However, non-standard romanization is widely seen, even on some Israeli street signs. The standards are not generally taught ... Articles needing additional references from May 2022, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing Ancient ... DIN 31636, the German standard. Standard of Poland «Polska Norma "Transliteracja alfabetu hebrajskiego PN-74 / N-01211"», ... and these were adopted as a United Nations standard in 2007. As of 2008[update], migration to the new transliteration standard ...
Although not a standard itself, it was a framework in which future standards could be defined. Until NSF took over in the 1980s ... By 1984, an international reference model known as the OSI model had been agreed on, with which TCP/IP was not compatible. Many ... The early research and development of standards for data networks and protocols culminated in the Internet-OSI Standards War in ... Several proprietary standards emerged and European postal, telegraph and telephone services (PTTs) developed the X.25 standard ...
In Bevan's view this reference indicated Tryphon's election as king by the 'free Greco-Macedonian states of Syria'. Boris ... 133-4 Diodorus Bibliotheca 33.4.2 1 Maccabees 11:39: New Revised Standard Version 1 Maccabees 11.39-40; Josephus AJ 13.131, 144 ...
There are several different types which can use standard transmission fluid (gear oil), a separate oil supply, water, or a mix ... All articles needing additional references, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, All articles with unsourced statements, ... used hydraulic retarders to allow the high-speed train to stop in the same distance as standard lower speed trains, as a pure ... ". "Voith - Retarders - Trucks". (Articles contradicting other articles, Articles needing additional references from July 2016 ...
Articles needing additional references from July 2009, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing Ancient ... training the army to a professional standard before defeating the Romans at the Battle of Tunis, where Carthaginian forces ...
Articles needing additional references from November 2013, All articles needing additional references, Use mdy dates from ... Official website Philippine Standard Geographic Code Philippine Census Information Local Governance Performance Management ...
Articles needing additional references from April 2019, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles needing ... A multi-model database with relational and non-relational capabilities provides a standard SQL interface to users and ...
misidentifies the Wheel Well Motel as the "Wheel Wagon Motel", presumably a reference to the Wagon Wheel Motel on US 66. Ron ... to standard printed road maps. Sally serves as a vehicle to deliver a message which individual small towns, historic ...
Articles needing additional references from August 2014, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing ... A 3600, with the standard black-and-white monitor, made a cameo appearance in the movie Real Genius. The company was also ... An Ethernet interface was standard equipment, replacing the Chaosnet interface of the LM-2. The 3600 was roughly the size of a ... Many of the concepts in New Flavors formed the basis of the CLOS (Common Lisp Object System) standard. Advances in garbage ...
Examples include: VHDL initializes all standard variables into special 'U' value. It is used in simulation, for debugging, to ... null for all reference types). Local variables in Java must be definitely assigned to before they are accessed, or it is a ... Current C standard)" (PDF). 2007-09-07. p. 126. Retrieved 2008-09-26. Section 6.7.8, paragraph 10. "Java Language Specification ...
Articles needing additional references from October 2015, All articles needing additional references, Articles with multiple ... KLBB finally transitioned to its long-promised Spanish-language format on November 4, 2005, leaving the adult standards/big ... often referred to as adult standards). Both stations were operated as The KLBB Company, a for-profit subsidiary of the ... Cargill was uncomfortable with dropping the much loved adult standards format of KLBB, so they kept it, updated the music, ...
Articles needing additional references from June 2020, All articles needing additional references, Articles with multiple ... The standard Mk. 9 is a blowback operated weapon chambered for the 9x19 mm Parabellum cartridge. It fires from a closed bolt ... 9 uses the firing mechanism of the M16, the standard service rifle in the AFP. Speaking of the origin of the design, on the ... or buying the standard 25 or 32-round Uzi magazine on the surplus market to be used as a spare one for XC 900 carbine. Other ...
Access information related to standards incorporated in regulations ... Voluntary consensus standards, government-unique standards, industry standards, and international standards referenced in the ... NIST Standards Incorporated by Reference (SIBR) Database (link is external) - a searchable collection of standards referenced ... American National Standards Institute (ANSI) Incorporated by Reference (IBR) Portal - the ANSI IBR Portal provides a mechanism ...
IRC also references several industry standards such as ACI 318, ASCE 7, ASTM, and ANSI standards that cover specific load, load ... Develops standards and qualifies products for use by the general public and develops standards for materials, products, systems ... Is one of the largest voluntary standards development organizations in the world-a trusted source for technical standards for ... Develops standards for materials and testing as well as finished products.. ASSE. American Society of Sanitary Engineering, ...
JavaScript is disabled for your browser. Some features of this site may not work without it ...
Get information on the use and storage of USP Reference Standards ... Reference Standards. * Reference Standard App * Safety Data ... Directions on the Label of the Reference Standard Directions for storage and use are on the label of each Reference Standard. ... Where a USP Reference Standard is required to be dried before being used, use a clean and dry vessel-and not the original ... Ensure that USP Reference Standards are stored in their original stoppered containers away from heat and humidity and protected ...
Il sito web di CORDIS prevede che JavaScript sia abilitato per funzionare correttamente. Si prega di abilitare JavaScript.. ...
2100 is the first reference material in the world for the property fracture toughness for any class material. The SRM is for ... Standard Reference Material 2100: Fracture Toughness of Ceramics. Source New Standard Reference Material (SRM) 2100 is the ... Standard Reference Materials Program Office, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD ... as well as three International Standards Organization (ISO) draft standards now under development. This SRM, for which the ...
What makes the WWW work is the agreement to use a standard form for documents and document references. By some criteria, HTML, ... Related to the WWW, there are two specific concerns: 1. The stability of standards. The rapid evolution of the standards from ... employ a standard document identification scheme (Universal Resource Locator -- URL) and use a standard retrieval form ( ... Even with the simplicity, and maybe because of it, WWW standards for document interchange have dramatically changed the way we ...
Biological substances, international standards and reference reagents : 1990  World Health Organization (‎World Health ... Division of Drug Management and Policies; WHO Collaborating Centre for Chemical Reference Substances (‎Organisation mondiale de ... Division of Drug Management and Policies; WHO Collaborating Centre for Chemical Reference Substances (‎Organisation mondiale de ... Calibration of the proposed 5th International Standard for Thromboplastin, human, recombinant, plain (‎rTF/16; study code 14/ ...
When you click "Send Request", we will record and send your personal contact information to the supplier by email so they may respond directly. You also agree that Photonics Media may contact you with information related to this inquiry, and that you have read and accept our Privacy Policy and Terms and Conditions of Use ...
"The Leading Visual Reference" From the Publisher;An easy-to-use, illustrated guide to the 2021 edition of the International ... Cross-Laminated Timber Design: Structural Properties, Standards, And Safety.. Mustafa Mahamid. McGraw-Hill, 2020. Master the ... From the Publisher; The revised and updated edition of this classic reference volume reflects all the latest innovations in ... This comprehensive guide explains the design standards, safety protocols, and codes and regulations engineers need to know to ...
21 in English Standard Version - For although they knew God, they did not honor him as God or ... ... Cross-references Explore similar Bible verses on Romans 1:21 in English Standard Version ...
ScC16_Doc_14_Taxonomic_changes_in_standard_references_E_0.pdf. 47.61 KB. ... ScC16_Doc_14_Taxonomic_changes_in_standard_references_F_0.pdf. 66.46 KB. ...
Check out the standard pitching stats for all the Major League Baseball teams and players on Baseball-Reference.com ... Team Standard Pitching Table. Tm. #P. PAge. RA/G. W. L. W-L%. ERA. G. GS. GF. CG. tSho. cSho. SV. IP. H. R. ER. HR. BB. IBB. SO ...
Reference Standard; CAS Number: 60-18-4; Synonyms: L-Tyrosine,(S)-2-Amino-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)propionic acid,3-(4-Hydroxyphenyl ... For the current unit quantity, please visit the EDQM reference substance catalogue. ...
standard. token filter currently does nothing. It remains as a placeholder in case some filtering function needs to be added in ...
... alcohol at LGC Standards. Over 100,000 Products Online, Explore our Extensive Range and Purchase Easily via our Webshop ... Discover the latest neural cells and models, research chemicals and reference standards to support your research into ... Reference Materials ({{rmCount}}). Looking for Proficiency Testing? Proficiency Testing ({{ptCount}}). Proficiency Testing ({{ ... A global leader in oil, petroleum, metal and geological reference materials for over 30 years. ...
... standards that are referenced in various paragraphs of this code. Such standards shall be incorporated by reference into and ... adopted document that reference the standard. The application of the referenced standards shall be as specified in paragraph (B ... The standards are listed herein by the promulgating agency of the standard, the standard identification, the effective date and ... Standard for the Use of Flame Effects Before an Audience............... 308.3.2, 5611.2, 5611.4, 5611.6, 5612.12.3, 5619.4.1.3 ...
Article references for the Gold Standard for Treating Depression section on HealthyPlace.com ... APA Reference. Fast, J. (2009, January 1). Article References for The Gold Standard for Treating Depression, HealthyPlace. ... www.healthyplace.com/depression/depression-treatment/article-references-for-the-gold-standard-for-treating-depression-gsd ... Gold Standard for Treating Depression (part 37). 1. Stahl, S. M. (2000) Essential Psychopharmacology of Depression and Bipolar ...
18 in English Standard Version - Now when all the people saw the thunder and the flashes of lightning ... ... Cross-references Explore similar Bible verses on Exodus 20:18 in English Standard Version ...
Do you want to know what the largest cotton sustainability programme in the world is up to? Keep up to date with the latest developments and hear from BCI Farmers, Partners and Members in the new BCI Quarterly Newsletter. BCI Members also receive a Monthly Member Update.. Leave a few details below and youll receive the next newsletter.. ...
... chemical reference standards and analytical reference standards. We also specialize in analytical reference materials as well ... as pharmaceutical reference standards, environmental reference standards and forensic reference standards. Please visit our ... We specialize in certified reference materials as well as certified reference standards, ...
Reference Standard, pH 1.00 ± 0.01 at 25°C, Ricca Chemical at Fishersci.com ...
his table is intended as an aid for cross-referencing Windows Runtime app error codes to the Microsoft .NET standard exceptions ... If you are getting error code info for the cases where the system cant map to a standard exception, youll probably see it as ... Still, theres a history of referencing error codes by their named constants instead of raw codes, based on previous Windows ... Instead, COMException is typically the standard exception used for unmapped exceptions that originate from components. Unmapped ...
PP5ar06007 is now available as European Pharmacopoeia allergen reference standard … ... PP5ar06007 is now available as European Pharmacopoeia allergen reference standard for grass pollen products. ... Detailed characterization of GMP-produced recombinant Phl p 5.0109 as European Pharmacopoeia reference standard Allergy. 2016 ... the second available allergen reference standard. Methods: Recombinant Phl p 5.0109 PP5ar06007 was produced under GMP ...
OSHA issued a correction and technical amendment to its Hazard Communication Standard to change references of ... Home » OSHA amends hazcom standard to remove MSDS references. GHS/Hazcom OSHA amends hazcom standard to remove MSDS ... to its Hazard Communication Standard to change references of "Material Safety Data Sheets" to the updated "Safety Data Sheets ... The hazcom standard was updated last year to align it with the multi-national Globally Harmonized System of Classification and ...
Own the full set of printed ANSI/APSP standards referenced in the 2009 International Codes and keep this great resource handy ...
AND REFERENCE GUIDE FOR PROFESSIONAL MOLD REMEDIATION-The ANSI/IICRC S520 is a procedural standard for the remediation of mold ... Standard Subscriptions ×. This standard is also available to be included in Standards Subscriptions. Standards Subscriptions ... the standard itself and a supplementary reference guide. The procedural standard is supported by the reference guide. The ... STANDARD AND REFERENCE GUIDE FOR PROFESSIONAL MOLD REMEDIATION. The ANSI/IICRC S520 is a procedural standard for the ...
Reference data standard on Canadian Provinces and Territories (draft)PDF English guide PDF ... Reference data standard on Canadian Provinces and Territories (draft)PDF French guide PDF ... This draft reference data provides a standard list of values for all Canadian provinces and territories. The list reflects ... Reference data on Canadian Provinces and Territories (draft)CSV English French dataset CSV ...
Auditing Standards, Legal Liability, and Auditor Wealth. Journal of Political Economy, 101, 887- 914. ... Dye, R.A. (1993) Auditing Standards, Legal Liability, and Auditor Wealth. Journal of Political Economy, 101, 887- 914. http:// ...
... chemical reference standards and analytical reference standards. We also specialize in analytical reference materials as well ... as pharmaceutical reference standards, environmental reference standards and forensic reference standards. Please visit our ... We specialize in certified reference materials as well as certified reference standards, ... Cerilliant, a leading supplier of high quality reference standards and materials, provides products that support the clinical ...
  • Security Bulletin: IBM CICS TX Standard is vulnerable to a local user impersonating another legitimate user (CVE-2022-34164). (ibm.com)
  • The fix removes this vulnerability (CVE-2022-34164) from IBM CICS TX Standard. (ibm.com)
  • The National Standard was released by the Commission on 4 November 2022. (safetyandquality.gov.au)
  • The Stillbirth Clinical Care Standard was launched on 4 November 2022 at the Annual National Stillbirth Forum . (safetyandquality.gov.au)
  • Public consultation on the Clinical Care Standard was carried out between February and March 2022. (safetyandquality.gov.au)
  • The ISA-12.12.01-2015 standard is being maintained until September 15, 2022 for reference purposes only. (ansi.org)
  • Cerilliant brings to Sigma-Aldrich over 2,800 products and more than 30 years of expertise in the design, development, synthesis, characterization and packaging of analytical standards, calibrators, controls and certified reference materials that are used in a wide range of analytical applications. (cerilliant.com)
  • We offer a wide selection of CRMs to help the laboratory analyst achieve superior analytical results.Certified Reference Materials and Accreditation:Analytical measurements depend on many variables to provide the credible data needed to make informed decisions. (lookformedical.com)
  • Accreditation to ISO/IEC 17025 and ISO Guide 34, also called Double Accreditation, represents the pinnacle of quality system achievement and allows the credible production and testing of Certified Reference Materials (CRMs).Note - Beginning June 15, 2015, customers will see a change in the accreditation symbols found on the Certificate of Analysis (COA) for Certified Reference Materials (CRMs)and Proficiency Testing samples (PTs) sold under Sigma-Aldrich US based CRM producers. (lookformedical.com)
  • We specialize in certified reference materials as well as certified reference standards , chemical reference standards and analytical reference standards . (lookformedical.com)
  • Please make inquiries using our request form " Contact Us ", if you have any questions related to the orders or our certified reference materials. (or.jp)
  • Administrative Conference of the United States (ACUS) Recommendation on Incorporation by Reference - The Conference has conducted a study of agency experience with the practice of incorporation by reference, including the use of voluntary consensus standards. (nist.gov)
  • This recommended practice establishes a generic composite reference standard that will accommodate nondestructive inspections (NDI) on the full array of glass fiber and carbon fiber laminates found on aircraft. (sae.org)
  • To examine patients' views on access and continuity in general practice to derive quality standards. (bmj.com)
  • 3 An alternative approach to setting standards is provided by the general practice assessment survey, a self report questionnaire examining patients' views of several aspects of general practice. (bmj.com)
  • The Stillbirth Clinical Care Standard supports best practice care for stillbirth prevention and investigation, and bereavement care following perinatal loss. (safetyandquality.gov.au)
  • The Clinical Care Standard reflects current best practice and guidelines on stillbirth prevention and management, including the Clinical Practice Guideline for Care around Stillbirth and Neonatal Death 1 , the Clinical Practice Guidelines: Pregnancy Care 2 and the Safer Baby Bundle 3 . (safetyandquality.gov.au)
  • These education references and training resources are built on evidence-based practice guidelines and standards of care. (health.mil)
  • All ABLE home inspections exceed the Standards of Practice of the American Society of Home Inspectors. (activerain.com)
  • MyStandards, a collaborative web platform to better manage global standards and related market practice. (swift.com)
  • The Leading Visual Reference" From the Publisher;An easy-to-use, illustrated guide to the 2021 edition of the International Building CodeAs the U.S. building industry adapts. (buildersbooksource.com)
  • On January 25, 2021, the President signed an Executive Order entitled, "Enabling All Qualified Americans to Serve Their Country in Uniform," allowing all transgender individuals who wish to serve in the U.S. military and can meet the appropriate standards be able to do so openly and free from discrimination. (health.mil)
  • This harmonized standard has been jointly revised on April 1, 2021. (ansi.org)
  • ASTM International, formerly known as the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), plans to use the NIOSH findings to assist with the development of a new standard specification for non-sterile isolation gowns intended for use in healthcare settings. (cdc.gov)
  • This specification defines the URI Template syntax and the process for expanding a URI Template into a URI reference, along with guidelines for the use of URI Templates on the Internet. (ietf.org)
  • Incorporation by reference (IBR) allows Federal agencies to comply with the requirement to publish rules in the Federal Register and the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) by referring to materials already published elsewhere. (nist.gov)
  • American National Standards Institute (ANSI) Incorporated by Reference (IBR) Portal - the ANSI IBR Portal provides a mechanism for access to standards that have been incorporated by reference in the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations (CFR). (nist.gov)
  • Federal Register Incorporation by Reference (link is external) - information on IBR and how to locate a standard incorporated by reference in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) . (nist.gov)
  • NIST Standards Incorporated by Reference (SIBR) Database (link is external) - a searchable collection of standards referenced in regulations - Voluntary consensus standards, government-unique standards, industry standards, and international standards referenced in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) . (nist.gov)
  • Most of farmers and capturers perceived regulations and standards as complexities and difficulties, not a beneficial market tool [37]. (researchgate.net)
  • References to products and suppliers are to serve as a general guideline and do not constitute a federal endorsement or determination that a product or method is the best or most current alternative, remains available, or is compliant with current environmental regulations and safety standards. (gsa.gov)
  • This NAVADMIN provides interim guidance in line with reference (c) for policy, regulations and procedures related to the service of transgender Navy personnel, in anticipation of an update to reference (e). (health.mil)
  • To comply with ISO 17025 regulations, you need a comprehensive quality certification and documentation, this is provided with batch specific certificates for our range of test kits and reference materials. (ecmconnection.com)
  • The division also reviews as-built drawings and final plats to ensure compliance with County regulations and construction standards. (mymanatee.org)
  • Utility Engineering works closely with the Manatee County Health Department and the Florida Department of Environmental Protection (FDEP) to ensure compliance with all regulations and design standards for our utility infrastructure. (mymanatee.org)
  • By incorporating UL 2900 as well as other established cybersecurity references and standards-ISO/IEC 27002, NIST 800-53 and FDA cybersecurity guidance documents-South Korean regulators are indicating a same-page approach regarding recommendations and requirements for MFDS registrants with network-connected devices as well as hospitals and healthcare providers to manage these vulnerabilities. (emergobyul.com)
  • DISCLAIMER: Data and information released from the Standards Incorporated by Reference databases at NIST are provided on an "AS IS" basis, without representation or warranty of any kind, including without limitation the warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose and non-infringement. (nist.gov)
  • Inclusion of records in this database does not represent endorsement or recommendation of standards listed by NIST. (nist.gov)
  • All standard materials are metrological traceable to NIST. (labsertchemical.com)
  • NIST subscription sites provide data under the NIST Standard Reference Data Program , but require an annual fee to access. (nist.gov)
  • The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) uses its best efforts to deliver a high quality copy of the Database and to verify that the data contained therein have been selected on the basis of sound scientific judgment. (nist.gov)
  • Customer support for NIST Standard Reference Data products. (nist.gov)
  • The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) urinary PAH levels were used for non-occupationally exposed controls. (cdc.gov)
  • When compared to the NIST standard for smokers and non-smokers, firefighters demonstrated statistically significant differences in urinary concentration differences for the following metabolites: 2-OH-fluorene, 3-OH-fluorene and 1-OH-pyrene, which were lower in firefighters than the NIST mean for smokers. (cdc.gov)
  • When firefighters were compared to the NIST non-smoker standard, firefighters demonstrated elevated levels in all tested PAH biomarkers due to a mixture of smokers and non-smokers in the firefighter cohort. (cdc.gov)
  • The ANSI/IICRC S520 is a procedural standard for the remediation of mold damaged structures and contents. (ansi.org)
  • ANSI/IICRC S520-2015 Standard and IICRC R520 Reference Guide is published as two separate documents: the standard itself and a supplementary reference guide. (ansi.org)
  • Documents sold on the ANSI Webstore are in electronic Adobe Acrobat PDF format, however some ISO and IEC standards are available from Amazon in hard copy format. (ansi.org)
  • Documents sold on the ANSI Standards Store are in electronic Adobe Acrobat PDF format, however some ISO and IEC standards are available from Amazon in hard copy format. (ansi.org)
  • Standards Subscriptions from ANSI provides a money-saving, multi-user solution for accessing standards. (ansi.org)
  • As the voice of the U.S. standards and conformity assessment system, the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) empowers its members and constituents to strengthen the U.S. marketplace position in the global economy while helping to assure the safety and health of consumers and the protection of the environment. (ansi.org)
  • Recent research performed at the NIOSH National Personal Protective Technology Laboratory (NPPTL), with support from Nelson Laboratories, suggests that some isolation gowns do not meet the performance standards established by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI)/Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation (AAMI). (cdc.gov)
  • Our research revealed that seven of the 22 tested disposable models did not meet ANSI/AAMI PB70 liquid barrier performance standard for protective apparel and drapes. (cdc.gov)
  • Tabulates key information on the availability and specifications of international biological standards and international biological reference reagents. (who.int)
  • Reference reagents are interim and not intended to be replaced when they expire or are depleted. (cdc.gov)
  • Comply with requirements for WHO reference standards/reagents. (cdc.gov)
  • The Biological Standardization Programme of the European Directorate for Quality of Medicines and Healthcare (EDQM) aims at the establishment of well-characterized reference standards based on recombinant allergens and validated assays for the quantification of major allergen content. (nih.gov)
  • Active cross-references enable you to efficiently navigate to related content, saving you time on your journey through the requirements. (dnv.com)
  • Oxford City Schools' K-4 elementary schools, C E Hanna Elementary, Oxford Middle School and Oxford High School through class of 2025 report cards provide information about each student's progress toward meeting grade-level standards across all content areas. (oxfordcityschools.com)
  • Show your support for the clinical care standard by downloading and sharing the content on your website, social networks or within your health service organisation. (safetyandquality.gov.au)
  • wikiHow's Content Management Team carefully monitors the work from our editorial staff to ensure that each article is backed by trusted research and meets our high quality standards. (wikihow.com)
  • PP5ar06007 is now available as European Pharmacopoeia allergen reference standard for grass pollen products. (nih.gov)
  • The analysis is based on a study of standards produced by the standardization consortia BioSharing. (tu-berlin.de)
  • We designed a preliminary model after data collection and compared the messaging standards of Health Level Seven (HL7) and the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). (who.int)
  • Columbia Public Schools has been progressing in the systemic, K-12 implementation of standards-based learning and grading since 2016-2017. (cpsk12.org)
  • Molecular/Genomic reference standards are a class of 'controls' or standards used to check the performance of molecular diagnostic assays. (wikipedia.org)
  • Proficiency schemes involve the distribution of blinded reference materials to subscription laboratories, and the subsequent scoring and assessment of the proficiency of those labs in their molecular diagnostic testing. (wikipedia.org)
  • The National Institute of Standards and Technology has released new reference standards that could help diagnostic laboratories standardize their equipment and software to reduce variability in genetic test results between laboratories. (ajmc.com)
  • [18] The standards for reporting of diagnostic accuracy (STARD) is available for studies reporting medical diagnosis accuracies . (wikipedia.org)
  • Includes FreeRTOS ™ support for the Cortex-M7 cores and Linux BSP support for the Cortex-A53 cores, as well as integration reference examples and board diagnostic tests. (nxp.com)
  • Group of reference materials established to collectively aid evaluation of assays or diagnostic tests. (cdc.gov)
  • Is one of the largest voluntary standards development organizations in the world-a trusted source for technical standards for materials, products, systems, and services. (cdc.gov)
  • ASTM International is providing no-cost public access to important ASTM standards used in the production and testing of personal protective equipment. (astm.org)
  • The SRM complements the new ASTM Test Method for Determination of Fracture Toughness of Advanced Ceramics at Ambient Temperature (C 1421) as well as three International Standards Organization (ISO) draft standards now under development. (astm.org)
  • The ASTM standard will then be used by manufacturers to develop gowns with improved protection and comfort for healthcare workers, allowing infection preventionists and safety professionals to select the most appropriate gown. (cdc.gov)
  • The testing was conducted according to criteria established by the AAMI, and testing standards developed by the American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists (AATCC) and ASTM. (cdc.gov)
  • Test procedure in accordance with national standard methods (ASTM) without GLP. (europa.eu)
  • Writes standards and guidelines that include uniform methods of testing for rating purposes, describe recommended practices in designing and installing equipment and provide other information to guide the industry. (cdc.gov)
  • In this Eurostars project proposal, Chiron and the partner The free University of Amsterdam will invetigate new methods of analysis the new PFAS and synthesize further reference materials, including metabolites and degradation products. (forskningsradet.no)
  • Reference materials are a type of measurement standard used to validate analytical methods, establish traceability and support quality control. (lgcgroup.com)
  • Standards of reporting data sources and quality are needed so that data scientists and consumers of social media research can evaluate and compare methods and findings across studies. (jmir.org)
  • Are the "objective" GIS based modelling methods the gold standard to recommend? (bmj.com)
  • Unfortunately, these standard containers don't consistently name types and methods. (gnu.org)
  • Reference materials (RM) are used for a calibration of the measuring system, for assessment of a measurement procedure, for assigning values to materials, or for quality control. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Precision Reference Standard 3-Patch was developed to meet industry's requirements for a versatile standard which would allow the user to perform several important calibration checks on many stylus type surface roughness measurement instruments. (flexbar.com)
  • They are particularly important for analytical chemistry and clinical analysis as most analytical instrumentation is comparative so samples of known composition (reference materials) are needed to ensure accurate calibration. (lgcgroup.com)
  • Water analysis reference standard set for 7 point calibration curve. (labsertchemical.com)
  • To create your own calibration procedure, or to check your analytical system, we also offer a broad range of ready-to-use photometric reference materials for the concentration range you need. (ecmconnection.com)
  • Individual USP or NF monographs specify the USP Reference Standards required for assay and test procedures. (usp.org)
  • In this webinar, we will discuss the requirements for assay validation, how to select the correct reference standard, frequent challenges, and best practices. (labroots.com)
  • Individual laboratories are responsible for meeting the CLIA/CAP quality assurance standards with respect to appropriate sample documentation, assay validation, general proficiency, and quality control measures. (nature.com)
  • An easy-to-use, illustrated guide to the 2018 edition of the International Building Code As the U.S. building industry adapts the international standards, architects and other building professionals need a. (buildersbooksource.com)
  • This report evaluates three published reference standards for infant skinfold measurements: Tanner-Whitehouse, Cambridge Infant Growth Study, and the World Health Organization (WHO) Child Growth Standards. (usf.edu)
  • Refer to the list of revisions, additions, and deletions of individual USP Reference Standards in the official edition of USP-NF. (usp.org)
  • Select your plant of interest and check our associated products: representative metabolites, botanical references or quantified extracts. (extrasynthese.com)
  • Current interpretive criteria provided by the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) categorize these strains as susceptible to ciprofloxacin, which is a fluoroquinolone antibiotic and a key agent in the management of Shigella infections. (cdc.gov)
  • Intermediate or resistance of the S. aureus isolate to vancomycin, detected and defined according to Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI, formerly NCCLS) approved standards and recommendations (Minimum Inhibitory Concentration [MIC]=4-8 µg/ml for VISA and MIC≥16 µg/ml for VRSA). (cdc.gov)
  • Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute/NCCLS. (cdc.gov)
  • These reference files are registered as industry accepted examples for use by manufacturers. (jedec.org)
  • However, due to the significant rise in the number of labs performing molecular testing (in turn caused by the increase in the number of available targeted drugs whose prescription is linked to the presence or absence of a particular biomarker), patient samples are becoming an unsustainable source of reference material. (wikipedia.org)
  • Increasingly, proficiency scheme organizers are turning to genetically modified cell lines as a sustainable and well defined source of reference material. (wikipedia.org)
  • New Standard Reference Material (SRM) 2100 is the first reference material in the world for the property fracture toughness for any class material. (astm.org)
  • Washington - OSHA issued a correction and technical amendment (.pdf file) to its Hazard Communication Standard to change references of "Material Safety Data Sheets" to the updated "Safety Data Sheets. (safetyandhealthmagazine.com)
  • Since the initial international guidance on reference material production was released (ISO Guide 34), the regulatory needs within the reference material field have evolved. (lgcgroup.com)
  • National accreditation schemes for reference material producers have been introduced, necessitating the conversion of Guide 34 to an international standard. (lgcgroup.com)
  • LGC's contribution to global consensus on reference material production involves leading and coordinating the views of UK reference material stakeholders to inform the international position and providing comments throughout the drafting and production stages of ISO guides and standards. (lgcgroup.com)
  • Our coordination role helped to make sure that our UK representatives were well briefed on the technical problems facing the different reference material producers in the UK, and our reference material and international metrology experts were able to contribute strongly to the detailed technical provisions of the new Standard. (lgcgroup.com)
  • We feel that this new Standard provides a very good balance between essential general requirements and the flexibility to allow for the very different kinds of reference material needed in today's measurements. (lgcgroup.com)
  • The degree of input into the production and revision of the ISO Guides for reference material production demonstrates the level of impact LGC has on the best practise in the field, maintaining the position of UK reference material producers at a global level. (lgcgroup.com)
  • LGC is accredited to Guide 34 as a Reference Material Producer. (lgcgroup.com)
  • The quality of this data is only as good as the reference material used to calibrate the measurement device. (lookformedical.com)
  • Download our third 5G wireless standards reference poster for easy access to essential material on the next-generation technology. (ibwave.com)
  • Piceatannol analytical standard provided with chromatographic purity, to be used as reference material for qualitative determination. (extrasynthese.com)
  • This information is provided as technical reference material. (cdc.gov)
  • It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference material or to cite them other than as "work in progress. (ietf.org)
  • Where necessary, USP Reference Standards are shipped with additional technical data sheets . (usp.org)
  • This draft reference data provides a standard list of values for all Canadian provinces and territories. (canada.ca)
  • As the standard is draft, adoption of the values under the "Code" column is recommended when sharing data within the federal government or publishing data to the Open Government Portal. (canada.ca)
  • This table of reference was evaluated using another set of data generated from the same locality. (ajol.info)
  • It aims to define data standards for proteomics to facilitate data comparison , exchange and verification . (wikipedia.org)
  • Several standard-compliant proteomics repositories exist, allowing researchers to publish their data while enforcing MIAPE guidelines. (wikipedia.org)
  • This is achieved through focused development on data input standards (templates), pipelines for the storage and automated curation, and consistent annotation efforts through the application of widely accepted ontologies to improve the extraction and exchange of the data for comparative analysis. (springer.com)
  • Updated Reference Standards for Cardiorespiratory Fitness Measured with Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing: Data from the Fitness Registry and the Importance of Exercise National Database (FRIEND). (rush.edu)
  • The Consumer Data Standards Program is part of Treasury . (consumerdatastandards.gov.au)
  • The new standard, known as IEEE 1934™, relies on the reference architecture as a universal technical framework that enables the data-intensive requirements of the Internet of Things (IoT), 5G and artificial intelligence (AI) applications. (iot-now.com)
  • The reference architecture, and now the IEEE standard, addresses the need for an interoperable end-to-end data connectivity solution along the cloud-to-things continuum. (iot-now.com)
  • We aimed to develop and apply a framework of social media data collection and quality assessment and to propose a reporting standard, which researchers and reviewers may use to evaluate and compare the quality of social data across studies. (jmir.org)
  • This paper sets forth a conceptual framework for the filtering and quality evaluation of social data that addresses several common challenges and moves toward establishing a standard of reporting social data. (jmir.org)
  • Additionally, it offers information about the different structured cabling systems capable of running these applications and also functions as an application reference book for network cabling designers in data centers. (structuredcablingnews.com)
  • Drag and more reasonable alternatives and tips from word processing so users prefer nuance power pdf standard quick reference guide for nuance pdf standard document editor that the quick reference data. (urbanwisdoms.com)
  • This site uses cookies to remove private data for pdf nuance power standard. (urbanwisdoms.com)
  • This guide i had its properties of nuance power pdf standard quick reference guide for the quick reference data is most. (urbanwisdoms.com)
  • ISO 20022 is a rich, structured and global data standard for financial information in the payments, FX, trade finance and securities markets. (swift.com)
  • By developing reference data and messaging standards, we're helping drive consistency across the industry. (swift.com)
  • Cerilliant, a leading supplier of high quality reference standards and materials, provides products that support the clinical diagnostics, environmental, nutraceutical, pharmaceutical, forensic and clinical toxicology markets. (cerilliant.com)
  • LGC has announced its migration of the Mikromol brand, most notably the range of pharmaceutical impurity reference standards, to its own brand at the 2005 Eastern Analytical Symposium (EAS), Somerset, New Jersey, USA, 14-17 November. (chemeurope.com)
  • We also specialize in analytical reference materials as well as pharmaceutical reference standards , environmental reference standards and forensic reference standards . (lookformedical.com)
  • Disclaimer: These standards and guidelines are designed primarily as an educational resource for clinical laboratory geneticists to help them provide quality clinical laboratory genetic services. (nature.com)
  • These standards and guidelines should not be considered inclusive of all proper procedures and tests or exclusive of other procedures and tests that are reasonably directed to obtaining the same results. (nature.com)
  • It may be prudent, however, to document in the laboratory record the rationale for any significant deviation from these standards and guidelines. (nature.com)
  • In part, this is accomplished by the publication of Standards and Guidelines for Clinical Genetics Laboratories, the latest edition of which is maintained online at http://www.acmg.net . (nature.com)
  • This document follows the outline format of the general Standards and Guidelines for Clinical Genetics Laboratories. (nature.com)
  • Disease-specific statements are intended to augment the current general ACMG Standards and Guidelines for Clinical Genetics Laboratories. (nature.com)
  • The guidelines reference UL 2900, US FDA cybersecurity guidance and related standards and recommendations in place in other medical device markets. (emergobyul.com)
  • In a sign that medical device market regulators are moving toward a uniform approach to cybersecurity risk management, the South Korean government has published new guidelines referencing the UL 2900 cybersecurity standard as well as US Food and Drug Administration recommendations. (emergobyul.com)
  • The guidelines reference the UL 2900 medical device cybersecurity standard, which US FDA now recognizes as a consensus standard for use by US market applicants. (emergobyul.com)
  • Indexers, however, need guidelines with greater breadth and depth than these standards offer. (niso.org)
  • Design Standards Access manuals, design specifications, and guidelines to meet design and construction rules and requirements, including CAD resources. (seattle.gov)
  • If you would like to be notified when new records are added to the Standards Incorporated by Reference (SIBR) Database, please click on the button to subscribe to this weekly alert. (nist.gov)
  • The UK government has emphasised the measurement of performance in the NHS, highlighting the need to meet standards for appropriateness, effectiveness, and efficiency of care. (bmj.com)
  • Their experienced team and capabilities, combined with the quality and breadth of our current analytical brands, our broad scientific knowledge and our powerful global footprint will provide analytical customers around the globe with access to a broad and ever-increasing range of specialized, high-quality analytical standards from a convenient and reliable single source. (cerilliant.com)
  • Explore our latest catalogue of research chemicals, analytical standards and the largest global collection of pathogenic virus strains. (lgcstandards.com)
  • We commonly call it Standards-Referenced Grading , or SRG. (cpsk12.org)
  • You must select the correct type for a Standard Choice. (fresno.gov)
  • You do conversion, nuance power pdf standard quick reference guide, what actions such that you can type a few clicks that is the layout. (urbanwisdoms.com)
  • It is anticipated that such equipment would comply with the other requirements in this standard and that the determination of compliance is elementary (e.g., a nonarcing instrument inside a Type 4 or Type 12 enclosure used in a Class II, Division 2 location). (ansi.org)
  • Molecular/Genomic Reference Materials (RMs) are selected or engineered to model a specific genetic biomarker as it occurs in a patient biopsy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Based on these results, the WHO reference standard is the best skinfold reference standard for infants over the age of 3 months. (usf.edu)
  • The results suggest GAPDH and 18S rRNA as reference genes applicable in all tissues investigated. (lookformedical.com)
  • A suitable reference gene is an important prerequisite for guarantying accurate and reliable results in quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) analyses. (lookformedical.com)
  • We're very pleased with the results of this standards effort. (iot-now.com)
  • Universal accessibility standards were developed from these results, following extensive consultation with organizations representing persons with restricted physical ability. (accessibletourism.org)
  • The quick reference guide for a better results, with the precautionary steps with drag and system considers things without tools for free software with talks enables the quick pdf reference guide i need. (urbanwisdoms.com)
  • In addition to the standards and organizations listed in this section, the U.S. Justice Department enforces the requirements of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) ( http://www.ada.gov ) and assures that products fully comply with the provisions of the act to ensure equal access for physically challenged users. (cdc.gov)
  • Develops standards, tests, and qualifies products used in gas lines and gas appliance installations. (cdc.gov)
  • Develops standards for materials and testing as well as finished products. (cdc.gov)
  • Develops standards and qualifies products for plumbing and sanitary installations. (cdc.gov)
  • Safety+Health advertisers offer products and services to help you avoid OSHA's Top 10 most cited standards. (safetyandhealthmagazine.com)
  • The standards company is well known for its visionary approach to serving these growing industries with a continually expanding line of innovative new products and sustains a modern, robust quality system which incorporates cGMP, GLP and ISO requirements. (cerilliant.com)
  • Our bioprocessing products are engineered to the highest quality standards and regulatory requirements. (vwr.com)
  • If you need reference standards with special parameters (concentration, matrix, bottle volume etc.) you are able to request "custom-made" products which are manufactured with your special requirement. (labsertchemical.com)
  • This standard was reviewed by the CSA Integrated Committee on Hazardous Location Products, under the jurisdiction of the CSA Technical Committee on Industrial Products and the CSA Strategic Steering Committee on Requirements for Electrical Safety, and has been formally approved by the CSA Technical Committee. (ansi.org)
  • The Standard has been endorsed by 26 key professional associations and consumer organisations including the Australian College of Midwives (ACM), Australian College of Nursing, Australian Preterm Birth Prevention Alliance, Australian Psychological Society, National Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Organisation (NACCHO), Red Nose, Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (RANZCOG), Royal College of Pathologists of Australasia (RCPA), Stillbirth Foundation and the Stillbirth Centre of Research Excellence. (safetyandquality.gov.au)
  • From ISO 20022 migration to Standards Releases, access our comprehensive document centre and download the resources you need to answer your questions. (swift.com)
  • Promotes public health through improvement of the quality of water and develops standards for valves, fittings, and other equipment. (cdc.gov)
  • Horizon offers a wide range of reference standards to support the validation of NGS sequencing assays, from development to routine quality monitoring. (labroots.com)
  • This new office, coming only six months after a presence in China was established, demonstrates that LGC Standards continues to grow to support laboratory quality worldwide, according to the company. (chemeurope.com)
  • The ACMG Laboratory Quality Assurance Committee has the mission of maintaining high technical standards for the performance and interpretation of genetic tests. (nature.com)
  • It is unclear the degree to which such standards are reliable or valid, how conflicts between access and continuity should be resolved, or how these standards relate to other priorities of patients such as high quality interpersonal care. (bmj.com)
  • For farmers and processors alike, the adoption of standards is motivated by a desire to improve market access by ensuring high quality supply. (researchgate.net)
  • Instead of encouraging the application of standards and contract farming, processing companies prefer to vertically integrate primary production largely due to concerns over the stable supply of pangasius with satisfactory quality and safety attributes. (researchgate.net)
  • Standards are enormously important in keeping the quality of indexes high despite financial and other pressures, but those standards are flexible when appropriate. (niso.org)
  • This Clinical Care Standard aims to reduce unwarranted variation and improve the appropriateness of care for stillbirth prevention, and the quality of bereavement care following perinatal loss. (safetyandquality.gov.au)
  • Ready-to-Use Test Kits, Standards & Photometers for Certified Precision: your requirement for quality and ease-of-use, met with automatically recognized test kits, appropriate reference materials and photometers. (ecmconnection.com)
  • Subregional and regional reference laboratories and various regional laboratory networks were established. (who.int)
  • The National Institute of Standards and Technology said Thursday that it had developed "reference materials" that could be used by laboratories to determine whether their machines and software were properly analyzing a person's genetic blueprint, or genome. (ajmc.com)
  • Building standards are hard to apply to laboratories, which are a hybrid of building HVAC and process systems. (escholarship.org)
  • Reference standards established by regional or national authorities, or by other laboratories, that are calibrated against, and traceable to, the primary WHO materials and are intended for use in routine tests. (cdc.gov)
  • This harmonized standard was prepared by the CSA Group and Underwriters Laboratories Inc. (UL). (ansi.org)
  • The reference architecture provided a solid, high-level foundation for the development of fog computing standards," said John Zao, chair, IEEE Standards Working Group on Fog Computing & Networking Architecture Framework, which was sponsored by the IEEE Communications Society's Edge, Fog, and Cloud Communications Standards Committee. (iot-now.com)
  • As a consortium, we developed the OpenFog Reference Architecture with the intention that it would serve as the framework for a standards development organisation," Antunes said. (iot-now.com)
  • IEEE standards form the building blocks for product development by establishing consistent protocols that can be universally understood and adopted. (iot-now.com)
  • The Geography of the Gold Standard ," Center for International and Development Economics Research (CIDER) Working Papers 233393, University of California-Berkeley, Department of Economics. (repec.org)
  • One year development experience with Web service protocols and standards (REST, JSON, HTTP, SOAP). (tibco.com)
  • The Department has provided funding to the Commission to support the development of this Standard. (safetyandquality.gov.au)
  • A Work Item (WK) is a proposed new standard or a revision to an existing standard that is under development by a committee. (astm.org)
  • NIOSH is well renowned for its work in respiratory protective device research, certification, and standards development. (cdc.gov)
  • This standard is considered suitable for use for conformity assessment within the stated scope of the standard. (ansi.org)
  • The label includes safety warnings, required information for controlled substances, and calculation values for standards with quantitative applications. (usp.org)
  • Ensure that Reference Standard substances are accurately weighed-taking due account of relatively large errors potentially associated with weighing small masses-where it is directed that a standard solution or a standard preparation be prepared for a quantitative determination. (usp.org)
  • Objectives: Different scientific societies recommend performing screening for clinical primary hypothyroidism during the first trimester of pregnancy using local normality ranges of TSH and just in the lack of these, should the American population reference levels be used. (endocrine-abstracts.org)
  • Conclusions: Reference levels for TSH in our study are similar to others in different Spanish areas and differ significantly from the American reference range, those standard ranges imply an unacceptable rate of diagnosis of hypothyroidism (one out of three women), even more if a universal screening strategy is carried out. (endocrine-abstracts.org)
  • Standards constructed from such sample would be better suited for two important uses: (i) monitoring of Nutrition Programme, and (ii) to detect a child with abnormal growth at the earliest. (who.int)
  • the implementation of new standards must allow a smooth transition from one system to another for tourism establishments that already meet accessibility criteria. (accessibletourism.org)
  • Determination and implementation of locally assessed reference levels would avoid overdiagnosis, unnecessary treatment and follow-up. (endocrine-abstracts.org)
  • After sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) was adopted as the standard of care, full axillary lymph nodal dissection (ALND), and consequently the use of surgical drains, became less common. (hindawi.com)
  • It also touches on international standards. (niso.org)
  • Less extensively characterized than international standards. (cdc.gov)
  • The metrology definitions agreed by the International Standards Organization (ISO) are recommended 2 and some important terms are defined as follows. (ersjournals.com)
  • The application of the referenced standards shall be as specified in paragraph (B)(7)( 102.7 ) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code . (cornell.edu)
  • SWOT Analysis of the Application of International Standard ISO 14001 in the Chinese Context. (mdpi.com)
  • Five potential reference genes for RT-qPCR application, namely histone H3, beta-actin, GAPDH, ubiquitin and 18S rRNA, were evaluated for normalization of gene expression in four selected tissues ( liver , kidney, thyroid and abdominal fat). (lookformedical.com)
  • Twain and they came directly from other reference guide users need phone application. (urbanwisdoms.com)
  • Nuance power pdf standard prescribed version helps individuals and nuance power pdf standard quick reference guide users can import predefined application termination while some companies. (urbanwisdoms.com)
  • HTML 3.2 is an SGML application conforming to International Standard ISO 8879 -- Standard Generalized Markup Language. (w3.org)
  • Grant applications and associated documents (e.g., reference letters) are due by 5:00 PM local time of application organization on the specified due date. (nih.gov)
  • You can have your badge scanned to enter the drawing for a d:fine headset mic or a Reference Standard mic from the 2000 series. (audiofanzine.com)
  • Subscription pricing is determined by: the specific standard(s) or collections of standards, the number of locations accessing the standards, and the number of employees that need access. (ansi.org)
  • Ontario's Employment Standards Act (the ESA) sets out the minimum terms of employment for most employees in Ontario. (firstreference.com)
  • The standards are listed herein by the promulgating agency of the standard, the standard identification, the effective date and title, and the section or sections of the adopted document that reference the standard. (cornell.edu)
  • While being careful to meet California Title 24, our efforts to do more have been focused not on the code itself as a reference point, but rather on benchmarking measured use of existing UC and State University campuses. (escholarship.org)
  • Ada title to replace pages in total, quick pdf reference guide is displayed, analyze the power pdf containing imperfections, and power pdf converter professional or you? (urbanwisdoms.com)
  • If the FOA says 'standard dates apply', refer to the table below using the activity code specified in the title of the FOA. (nih.gov)
  • 1 Standards are defined as "descriptions of specific aspects of healthcare practices to which are attached prescriptive values" and may legitimately include the views of patients. (bmj.com)
  • SRG practices involve assessing students against state or national standards of learning. (cpsk12.org)
  • It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. (saiglobal.com)
  • Users must determine the suitability of Reference Standards for applications and uses not in the USP-NF, Food Chemicals Codex, or Dietary Supplements Compendium. (usp.org)
  • The procedural standard is supported by the reference guide. (ansi.org)
  • The intent is to use the principles outlined in the reference guide as a tool to better understand and apply the standard itself. (ansi.org)
  • However, the reference guide is not considered part of this standard. (ansi.org)
  • For nuance power pdf standard quick reference guide below are easy to standard angles, split the nuance pdf converter. (urbanwisdoms.com)
  • See a nuance power pdf standard quick reference guide also get there is transferred to. (urbanwisdoms.com)
  • Choose print pdf standard announcements: nuance power pdf standard quick reference guide for helping our top support. (urbanwisdoms.com)
  • This guide also select the standard announcements of pdfelement slightly more powerful and other reference guide is nuance power pdf standard quick reference guide below. (urbanwisdoms.com)
  • Pdf program will convert pdf solutions that pdf editing functionality at least better pdf nuance power pdf standard quick reference guide of contents to like no matching pages. (urbanwisdoms.com)
  • the quick reference guide is nuance power pdf standard quick reference guide below as spaces found that. (urbanwisdoms.com)
  • Online version you to delete a star of nuance power pdf standard quick reference guide. (urbanwisdoms.com)
  • Never get exceptional spreadsheet control over the neat software nuance power pdf standard quick reference guide is completely tested and quickly and are funded by. (urbanwisdoms.com)
  • Resets buttons to nuance power pdf standard quick reference guide the guide the. (urbanwisdoms.com)
  • Active directory users to include these functions within the antivirus program and nuance power pdf standard quick reference guide for online is reduced. (urbanwisdoms.com)
  • With example js api: corporate clients and nuance power pdf standard quick reference guide, and notes means that will be easily accessible for. (urbanwisdoms.com)
  • Fujitsu support nuance power up, quick reference guide, support portal page structure is a standard image. (urbanwisdoms.com)
  • You forgot your nuance power pdf standard quick reference guide for customers and the. (urbanwisdoms.com)
  • You install and more productive and nuance power pdf standard quick reference guide is located on a standard dvd and size: see some time, millions of low priced alternatives leave all. (urbanwisdoms.com)
  • Prior to inclusion in GSA's library of procedures, documents are reviewed by one or more qualified preservation specialists for general consistency with the Secretary of Interior Standards for rehabilitating historic buildings as understood at the time the procedure is added to the library. (gsa.gov)
  • We've reviewed these procedures for general consistency with federal standards for rehabilitating historic buildings and provide them only as a reference. (gsa.gov)
  • This will require that you will fill out the SMARTForms and attach completed Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) or Biohazardous Agent Reference Documents (BARDs) as needed. (uvm.edu)
  • Infant skinfold measures, in particular, are measurements in need of reliable reference standards that encompass all ages of infants and provide an accurate assessment of the relative fatness of a population. (usf.edu)
  • Standards expected by patients in primary care can be derived from linked report-assessment pairs. (bmj.com)
  • The analysis compared the requirements of each standard, assessed its relevance, identified similarities and differences, and enabled the assessment of various levels of accessibility, in accordance with the requirements of the standard. (accessibletourism.org)
  • There are 11 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. (wikihow.com)
  • The OpenFog Reference Architecture, released in February 2017, is based on eight core technical principles, termed pillars, which represent the key attributes that a system needs to encompass to be defined as "OpenFog. (iot-now.com)

No images available that match "reference standards"