The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.
The local recurrence of a neoplasm following treatment. It arises from microscopic cells of the original neoplasm that have escaped therapeutic intervention and later become clinically visible at the original site.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.
Methods which attempt to express in replicable terms the extent of the neoplasm in the patient.
Period after successful treatment in which there is no appearance of the symptoms or effects of the disease.
Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
The treatment of a disease or condition by several different means simultaneously or sequentially. Chemoimmunotherapy, RADIOIMMUNOTHERAPY, chemoradiotherapy, cryochemotherapy, and SALVAGE THERAPY are seen most frequently, but their combinations with each other and surgery are also used.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
The proportion of survivors in a group, e.g., of patients, studied and followed over a period, or the proportion of persons in a specified group alive at the beginning of a time interval who survive to the end of the interval. It is often studied using life table methods.
Tumors or cancer of the LIVER.
Molecular products metabolized and secreted by neoplastic tissue and characterized biochemically in cells or body fluids. They are indicators of tumor stage and grade as well as useful for monitoring responses to treatment and predicting recurrence. Many chemical groups are represented including hormones, antigens, amino and nucleic acids, enzymes, polyamines, and specific cell membrane proteins and lipids.
A class of statistical procedures for estimating the survival function (function of time, starting with a population 100% well at a given time and providing the percentage of the population still well at later times). The survival analysis is then used for making inferences about the effects of treatments, prognostic factors, exposures, and other covariates on the function.
Transfer of a neoplasm from its primary site to lymph nodes or to distant parts of the body by way of the lymphatic system.
A nonparametric method of compiling LIFE TABLES or survival tables. It combines calculated probabilities of survival and estimates to allow for observations occurring beyond a measurement threshold, which are assumed to occur randomly. Time intervals are defined as ending each time an event occurs and are therefore unequal. (From Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1995)
A primary malignant neoplasm of epithelial liver cells. It ranges from a well-differentiated tumor with EPITHELIAL CELLS indistinguishable from normal HEPATOCYTES to a poorly differentiated neoplasm. The cells may be uniform or markedly pleomorphic, or form GIANT CELLS. Several classification schemes have been suggested.
Removal of tissue with electrical current delivered via electrodes positioned at the distal end of a catheter. Energy sources are commonly direct current (DC-shock) or alternating current at radiofrequencies (usually 750 kHz). The technique is used most often to ablate the AV junction and/or accessory pathways in order to interrupt AV conduction and produce AV block in the treatment of various tachyarrhythmias.
Drug therapy given to augment or stimulate some other form of treatment such as surgery or radiation therapy. Adjuvant chemotherapy is commonly used in the therapy of cancer and can be administered before or after the primary treatment.
Radiotherapy given to augment some other form of treatment such as surgery or chemotherapy. Adjuvant radiotherapy is commonly used in the therapy of cancer and can be administered before or after the primary treatment.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
The transference of a part of or an entire liver from one human or animal to another.
Statistical models used in survival analysis that assert that the effect of the study factors on the hazard rate in the study population is multiplicative and does not change over time.
Tumors or cancer of the RECTUM.
Removal of only enough breast tissue to ensure that the margins of the resected surgical specimen are free of tumor.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.
Complete or partial surgical removal of the prostate. Three primary approaches are commonly employed: suprapubic - removal through an incision above the pubis and through the urinary bladder; retropubic - as for suprapubic but without entering the urinary bladder; and transurethral (TRANSURETHRAL RESECTION OF PROSTATE).
Tumors or cancer of the URINARY BLADDER.
Ability of neoplasms to infiltrate and actively destroy surrounding tissue.
The transfer of a neoplasm from one organ or part of the body to another remote from the primary site.
A scraping, usually of the interior of a cavity or tract, for removal of new growth or other abnormal tissue, or to obtain material for tissue diagnosis. It is performed with a curet (curette), a spoon-shaped instrument designed for that purpose. (From Stedman, 25th ed & Dorland, 27th ed)
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
Excision of all or part of the liver. (Dorland, 28th ed)
The local implantation of tumor cells by contamination of instruments and surgical equipment during and after surgical resection, resulting in local growth of the cells and tumor formation.
A malignant epithelial tumor with a glandular organization.
Any woven or knit material of open texture used in surgery for the repair, reconstruction, or substitution of tissue. The mesh is usually a synthetic fabric made of various polymers. It is occasionally made of metal.
Abnormal cardiac rhythm that is characterized by rapid, uncoordinated firing of electrical impulses in the upper chambers of the heart (HEART ATRIA). In such case, blood cannot be effectively pumped into the lower chambers of the heart (HEART VENTRICLES). It is caused by abnormal impulse generation.
Tumors or cancer located in bone tissue or specific BONES.
Tumors or cancer of the PROSTATE.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
A repeat operation for the same condition in the same patient due to disease progression or recurrence, or as followup to failed previous surgery.
Surgical procedure to remove one or both breasts.
Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.
A connective tissue neoplasm formed by proliferation of mesodermal cells; it is usually highly malignant.
Surgical excision of one or more lymph nodes. Its most common use is in cancer surgery. (From Dorland, 28th ed, p966)
Neoplasms of whatever cell type or origin, occurring in the extraskeletal connective tissue framework of the body including the organs of locomotion and their various component structures, such as nerves, blood vessels, lymphatics, etc.
The worsening of a disease over time. This concept is most often used for chronic and incurable diseases where the stage of the disease is an important determinant of therapy and prognosis.
A carcinoma derived from stratified SQUAMOUS EPITHELIAL CELLS. It may also occur in sites where glandular or columnar epithelium is normally present. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
The use of freezing as a special surgical technique to destroy or excise tissue.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
A procedure in which a laparoscope (LAPAROSCOPES) is inserted through a small incision near the navel to examine the abdominal and pelvic organs in the PERITONEAL CAVITY. If appropriate, biopsy or surgery can be performed during laparoscopy.
Methods which attempt to express in replicable terms the level of CELL DIFFERENTIATION in neoplasms as increasing ANAPLASIA correlates with the aggressiveness of the neoplasm.
A glycoprotein that is a kallikrein-like serine proteinase and an esterase, produced by epithelial cells of both normal and malignant prostate tissue. It is an important marker for the diagnosis of prostate cancer.
An abdominal hernia with an external bulge in the GROIN region. It can be classified by the location of herniation. Indirect inguinal hernias occur through the internal inguinal ring. Direct inguinal hernias occur through defects in the ABDOMINAL WALL (transversalis fascia) in Hesselbach's triangle. The former type is commonly seen in children and young adults; the latter in adults.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
Tumors or cancer of the COLON or the RECTUM or both. Risk factors for colorectal cancer include chronic ULCERATIVE COLITIS; FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI; exposure to ASBESTOS; and irradiation of the CERVIX UTERI.
A malignant neoplasm made up of epithelial cells tending to infiltrate the surrounding tissues and give rise to metastases. It is a histological type of neoplasm but is often wrongly used as a synonym for "cancer." (From Dorland, 27th ed)
Tumors or cancer of the pelvic region.
Neoplasms of the intracranial components of the central nervous system, including the cerebral hemispheres, basal ganglia, hypothalamus, thalamus, brain stem, and cerebellum. Brain neoplasms are subdivided into primary (originating from brain tissue) and secondary (i.e., metastatic) forms. Primary neoplasms are subdivided into benign and malignant forms. In general, brain tumors may also be classified by age of onset, histologic type, or presenting location in the brain.
The use of two or more chemicals simultaneously or sequentially in the drug therapy of neoplasms. The drugs need not be in the same dosage form.
A malignant neoplasm derived from TRANSITIONAL EPITHELIAL CELLS, occurring chiefly in the URINARY BLADDER; URETERS; or RENAL PELVIS.
A bone tumor composed of cellular spindle-cell stroma containing scattered multinucleated giant cells resembling osteoclasts. The tumors range from benign to frankly malignant lesions. The tumor occurs most frequently in an end of a long tubular bone in young adults. (From Dorland, 27th ed; Stedman, 25th ed)
Tumors or cancer of the LUNG.
An abnormal triangular fold of membrane in the interpalpebral fissure, extending from the conjunctiva to the cornea, being immovably united to the cornea at its apex, firmly attached to the sclera throughout its middle portion, and merged with the conjunctiva at its base. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Cytoplasmic proteins that bind estrogens and migrate to the nucleus where they regulate DNA transcription. Evaluation of the state of estrogen receptors in breast cancer patients has become clinically important.
An invasive (infiltrating) CARCINOMA of the mammary ductal system (MAMMARY GLANDS) in the human BREAST.
Removal and pathologic examination of specimens in the form of small pieces of tissue from the living body.
The veins that return the oxygenated blood from the lungs to the left atrium of the heart.
The period following a surgical operation.
One of the SELECTIVE ESTROGEN RECEPTOR MODULATORS with tissue-specific activities. Tamoxifen acts as an anti-estrogen (inhibiting agent) in the mammary tissue, but as an estrogen (stimulating agent) in cholesterol metabolism, bone density, and cell proliferation in the ENDOMETRIUM.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
Used for excision of the urinary bladder.
A benign epithelial tumor with a glandular organization.
Tumors or cancer of the SKIN.
Surgery performed on the digestive system or its parts.
They are oval or bean shaped bodies (1 - 30 mm in diameter) located along the lymphatic system.
Antineoplastic agents that are used to treat hormone-sensitive tumors. Hormone-sensitive tumors may be hormone-dependent, hormone-responsive, or both. A hormone-dependent tumor regresses on removal of the hormonal stimulus, by surgery or pharmacological block. Hormone-responsive tumors may regress when pharmacologic amounts of hormones are administered regardless of whether previous signs of hormone sensitivity were observed. The major hormone-responsive cancers include carcinomas of the breast, prostate, and endometrium; lymphomas; and certain leukemias. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual 1994, p2079)
A measure of the quality of health care by assessment of unsuccessful results of management and procedures used in combating disease, in individual cases or series.
The instillation or other administration of drugs into the bladder, usually to treat local disease, including neoplasms.
A noninvasive (noninfiltrating) carcinoma of the breast characterized by a proliferation of malignant epithelial cells confined to the mammary ducts or lobules, without light-microscopy evidence of invasion through the basement membrane into the surrounding stroma.
The use of IONIZING RADIATION to treat malignant NEOPLASMS and some benign conditions.
A collective term for interstitial, intracavity, and surface radiotherapy. It uses small sealed or partly-sealed sources that may be placed on or near the body surface or within a natural body cavity or implanted directly into the tissues.
The total amount of radiation absorbed by tissues as a result of radiotherapy.
A childhood counterpart of abdominal or extra-abdominal desmoid tumors, characterized by firm subcutaneous nodules that grow rapidly in any part of the body but do not metastasize. The adult form of abdominal fibromatosis is FIBROMATOSIS, ABDOMINAL. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Benign and malignant neoplastic processes that arise from or secondarily involve the meningeal coverings of the brain and spinal cord.
A CELL CYCLE and tumor growth marker which can be readily detected using IMMUNOCYTOCHEMISTRY methods. Ki-67 is a nuclear antigen present only in the nuclei of cycling cells.
Care given during the period prior to undergoing surgery when psychological and physical preparations are made according to the special needs of the individual patient. This period spans the time between admission to the hospital to the time the surgery begins. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.
Skin breakdown or ulceration caused by VARICOSE VEINS in which there is too much hydrostatic pressure in the superficial venous system of the leg. Venous hypertension leads to increased pressure in the capillary bed, transudation of fluid and proteins into the interstitial space, altering blood flow and supply of nutrients to the skin and subcutaneous tissues, and eventual ulceration.
Preliminary cancer therapy (chemotherapy, radiation therapy, hormone/endocrine therapy, immunotherapy, hyperthermia, etc.) that precedes a necessary second modality of treatment.
Procedures of applying ENDOSCOPES for disease diagnosis and treatment. Endoscopy involves passing an optical instrument through a small incision in the skin i.e., percutaneous; or through a natural orifice and along natural body pathways such as the digestive tract; and/or through an incision in the wall of a tubular structure or organ, i.e. transluminal, to examine or perform surgery on the interior parts of the body.
Soft tissue tumors or cancer arising from the mucosal surfaces of the LIP; oral cavity; PHARYNX; LARYNX; and cervical esophagus. Other sites included are the NOSE and PARANASAL SINUSES; SALIVARY GLANDS; THYROID GLAND and PARATHYROID GLANDS; and MELANOMA and non-melanoma skin cancers of the head and neck. (from Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 4th ed, p1651)
A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.
Excision of the whole (total gastrectomy) or part (subtotal gastrectomy, partial gastrectomy, gastric resection) of the stomach. (Dorland, 28th ed)
A relatively common neoplasm of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that arises from arachnoidal cells. The majority are well differentiated vascular tumors which grow slowly and have a low potential to be invasive, although malignant subtypes occur. Meningiomas have a predilection to arise from the parasagittal region, cerebral convexity, sphenoidal ridge, olfactory groove, and SPINAL CANAL. (From DeVita et al., Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology, 5th ed, pp2056-7)
Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the urinary bladder.
The outer margins of the thorax containing SKIN, deep FASCIA; THORACIC VERTEBRAE; RIBS; STERNUM; and MUSCLES.
The study of chance processes or the relative frequency characterizing a chance process.
Surgical removal of the thyroid gland. (Dorland, 28th ed)
A therapeutic approach, involving chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or surgery, after initial regimens have failed to lead to improvement in a patient's condition. Salvage therapy is most often used for neoplastic diseases.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
The period of care beginning when the patient is removed from surgery and aimed at meeting the patient's psychological and physical needs directly after surgery. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
An imaging technique using compounds labelled with short-lived positron-emitting radionuclides (such as carbon-11, nitrogen-13, oxygen-15 and fluorine-18) to measure cell metabolism. It has been useful in study of soft tissues such as CANCER; CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM; and brain. SINGLE-PHOTON EMISSION-COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY is closely related to positron emission tomography, but uses isotopes with longer half-lives and resolution is lower.
Remnant of a tumor or cancer after primary, potentially curative therapy. (Dr. Daniel Masys, written communication)
A malignant neoplasm characterized by the formation of numerous, irregular, finger-like projections of fibrous stroma that is covered with a surface layer of neoplastic epithelial cells. (Stedman, 25th ed)
The application of probability and statistical methods to calculate the risk of occurrence of any event, such as onset of illness, recurrent disease, hospitalization, disability, or death. It may include calculation of the anticipated money costs of such events and of the premiums necessary to provide for payment of such costs.
Specific proteins found in or on cells of progesterone target tissues that specifically combine with progesterone. The cytosol progesterone-receptor complex then associates with the nucleic acids to initiate protein synthesis. There are two kinds of progesterone receptors, A and B. Both are induced by estrogen and have short half-lives.
An electrical current applied to the HEART to terminate a disturbance of its rhythm, ARRHYTHMIAS, CARDIAC. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Graphical representation of a statistical model containing scales for calculating the prognostic weight of a value for each individual variable. Nomograms are instruments that can be used to predict outcomes using specific clinical parameters. They use ALGORITHMS that incorporate several variables to calculate the predicted probability that a patient will achieve a particular clinical endpoint.
A slowly growing malignant neoplasm derived from cartilage cells, occurring most frequently in pelvic bones or near the ends of long bones, in middle-aged and old people. Most chondrosarcomas arise de novo, but some may develop in a preexisting benign cartilaginous lesion or in patients with ENCHONDROMATOSIS. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
A sarcoma originating in bone-forming cells, affecting the ends of long bones. It is the most common and most malignant of sarcomas of the bones, and occurs chiefly among 10- to 25-year-old youths. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
Tumors or cancer of the STOMACH.
Substances that inhibit or prevent the proliferation of NEOPLASMS.
Tumors or cancer of the THYROID GLAND.
Dissection in the neck to remove all disease tissues including cervical LYMPH NODES and to leave an adequate margin of normal tissue. This type of surgery is usually used in tumors or cervical metastases in the head and neck. The prototype of neck dissection is the radical neck dissection described by Crile in 1906.
A glycoprotein that is secreted into the luminal surface of the epithelia in the gastrointestinal tract. It is found in the feces and pancreaticobiliary secretions and is used to monitor the response to colon cancer treatment.
A hernia caused by weakness of the anterior ABDOMINAL WALL due to midline defects, previous incisions, or increased intra-abdominal pressure. Ventral hernias include UMBILICAL HERNIA, incisional, epigastric, and spigelian hernias.
A surgical technique used primarily in the treatment of skin neoplasms, especially basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin. This procedure is a microscopically controlled excision of cutaneous tumors either after fixation in vivo or after freezing the tissue. Serial examinations of fresh tissue specimens are most frequently done.
A malignant neoplasm derived from cells that are capable of forming melanin, which may occur in the skin of any part of the body, in the eye, or, rarely, in the mucous membranes of the genitalia, anus, oral cavity, or other sites. It occurs mostly in adults and may originate de novo or from a pigmented nevus or malignant lentigo. Melanomas frequently metastasize widely, and the regional lymph nodes, liver, lungs, and brain are likely to be involved. The incidence of malignant skin melanomas is rising rapidly in all parts of the world. (Stedman, 25th ed; from Rook et al., Textbook of Dermatology, 4th ed, p2445)
Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in neoplastic tissue.
Abnormal growths of tissue that follow a previous neoplasm but are not metastases of the latter. The second neoplasm may have the same or different histological type and can occur in the same or different organs as the previous neoplasm but in all cases arises from an independent oncogenic event. The development of the second neoplasm may or may not be related to the treatment for the previous neoplasm since genetic risk or predisposing factors may actually be the cause.
Tumors or cancer of the COLON.
Excision of a portion of the colon or of the whole colon. (Dorland, 28th ed)
A lesion with cytological characteristics associated with invasive carcinoma but the tumor cells are confined to the epithelium of origin, without invasion of the basement membrane.
Endoscopic surgery of the pleural cavity performed with visualization via video transmission.
Enlarged and tortuous VEINS.
Tongues of skin and subcutaneous tissue, sometimes including muscle, cut away from the underlying parts but often still attached at one end. They retain their own microvasculature which is also transferred to the new site. They are often used in plastic surgery for filling a defect in a neighboring region.
Procedures used to reconstruct, restore, or improve defective, damaged, or missing structures.
Agents used for the treatment or prevention of cardiac arrhythmias. They may affect the polarization-repolarization phase of the action potential, its excitability or refractoriness, or impulse conduction or membrane responsiveness within cardiac fibers. Anti-arrhythmia agents are often classed into four main groups according to their mechanism of action: sodium channel blockade, beta-adrenergic blockade, repolarization prolongation, or calcium channel blockade.
An accumulation of air or gas in the PLEURAL CAVITY, which may occur spontaneously or as a result of trauma or a pathological process. The gas may also be introduced deliberately during PNEUMOTHORAX, ARTIFICIAL.
The compound is given by intravenous injection to do POSITRON-EMISSION TOMOGRAPHY for the assessment of cerebral and myocardial glucose metabolism in various physiological or pathological states including stroke and myocardial ischemia. It is also employed for the detection of malignant tumors including those of the brain, liver, and thyroid gland. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1162)
The removal of fluids or discharges from the body, such as from a wound, sore, or cavity.
Area of the human body underneath the SHOULDER JOINT, also known as the armpit or underarm.
A cell surface protein-tyrosine kinase receptor that is overexpressed in a variety of ADENOCARCINOMAS. It has extensive homology to and heterodimerizes with the EGF RECEPTOR, the ERBB-3 RECEPTOR, and the ERBB-4 RECEPTOR. Activation of the erbB-2 receptor occurs through heterodimer formation with a ligand-bound erbB receptor family member.
The excision of lung tissue including partial or total lung lobectomy.
A tumor composed of spindle cells with a rich vascular network, which apparently arises from pericytes, cells of smooth muscle origin that lie around small vessels. Benign and malignant hemangiopericytomas exist, and the rarity of these lesions has led to considerable confusion in distinguishing between benign and malignant variants. (From Dorland, 27th ed; DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, p1364)
Surgical procedures undertaken to repair abnormal openings through which tissue or parts of organs can protrude or are already protruding.
The first alpha-globulins to appear in mammalian sera during FETAL DEVELOPMENT and the dominant serum proteins in early embryonic life.
Tumors or cancer located in muscle tissue or specific muscles. They are differentiated from NEOPLASMS, MUSCLE TISSUE which are neoplasms composed of skeletal, cardiac, or smooth muscle tissue, such as MYOSARCOMA or LEIOMYOMA.
Tumors or cancer of the CONJUNCTIVA.
Removal and examination of tissue obtained through a transdermal needle inserted into the specific region, organ, or tissue being analyzed.
Death resulting from the presence of a disease in an individual, as shown by a single case report or a limited number of patients. This should be differentiated from DEATH, the physiological cessation of life and from MORTALITY, an epidemiological or statistical concept.
Treatment that combines chemotherapy with radiotherapy.
Excision of the uterus.
Compounds that are used in medicine as sources of radiation for radiotherapy and for diagnostic purposes. They have numerous uses in research and industry. (Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1161)
A method of hemostasis utilizing various agents such as Gelfoam, silastic, metal, glass, or plastic pellets, autologous clot, fat, and muscle as emboli. It has been used in the treatment of spinal cord and INTRACRANIAL ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATIONS, renal arteriovenous fistulas, gastrointestinal bleeding, epistaxis, hypersplenism, certain highly vascular tumors, traumatic rupture of blood vessels, and control of operative hemorrhage.
A form of therapy consisting in the local or general use of cold. The selective destruction of tissue by extreme cold or freezing is CRYOSURGERY. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A pyrimidine analog that is an antineoplastic antimetabolite. It interferes with DNA synthesis by blocking the THYMIDYLATE SYNTHETASE conversion of deoxyuridylic acid to thymidylic acid.
Administration of antineoplastic agents together with an embolizing vehicle. This allows slow release of the agent as well as obstruction of the blood supply to the neoplasm.
A malignant tumor derived from primitive or embryonal lipoblastic cells. It may be composed of well-differentiated fat cells or may be dedifferentiated: myxoid (LIPOSARCOMA, MYXOID), round-celled, or pleomorphic, usually in association with a rich network of capillaries. Recurrences are common and dedifferentiated liposarcomas metastasize to the lungs or serosal surfaces. (From Dorland, 27th ed; Stedman, 25th ed)
Techniques for securing together the edges of a wound, with loops of thread or similar materials (SUTURES).
The chambers of the heart, to which the BLOOD returns from the circulation.
Methods to induce and measure electrical activities at specific sites in the heart to diagnose and treat problems with the heart's electrical system.
Surgery performed on the nervous system or its parts.
Tumors of cancer of the EYELIDS.
Removal of tissue by vaporization, abrasion, or destruction. Methods used include heating tissue by hot liquids or microwave thermal heating, freezing (CRYOABLATION), chemical ablation, and photoablation with LASERS.
Therapy with two or more separate preparations given for a combined effect.
Combined chemotherapy and radiotherapy given to augment some other form of treatment such as surgery. It is commonly used in the therapy of cancer.
A mucosal tumor of the urinary bladder or nasal cavity in which proliferating epithelium is invaginated beneath the surface and is more smoothly rounded than in other papillomas. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Propylene or propene polymers. Thermoplastics that can be extruded into fibers, films or solid forms. They are used as a copolymer in plastics, especially polyethylene. The fibers are used for fabrics, filters and surgical sutures.
Criteria and standards used for the determination of the appropriateness of the inclusion of patients with specific conditions in proposed treatment plans and the criteria used for the inclusion of subjects in various clinical trials and other research protocols.
A malignant tumor arising from the embryonic remains of the notochord. It is also called chordocarcinoma, chordoepithelioma, and notochordoma. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Time schedule for administration of a drug in order to achieve optimum effectiveness and convenience.
A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.
The body region between (and flanking) the SACRUM and COCCYX.
The hairs which project from the edges of the EYELIDS.
Rapid, irregular atrial contractions caused by a block of electrical impulse conduction in the right atrium and a reentrant wave front traveling up the inter-atrial septum and down the right atrial free wall or vice versa. Unlike ATRIAL FIBRILLATION which is caused by abnormal impulse generation, typical atrial flutter is caused by abnormal impulse conduction. As in atrial fibrillation, patients with atrial flutter cannot effectively pump blood into the lower chambers of the heart (HEART VENTRICLES).
The total amount (cell number, weight, size or volume) of tumor cells or tissue in the body.
Works about pre-planned studies of the safety, efficacy, or optimum dosage schedule (if appropriate) of one or more diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques selected according to predetermined criteria of eligibility and observed for predefined evidence of favorable and unfavorable effects. This concept includes clinical trials conducted both in the U.S. and in other countries.
Procedures using an electrically heated wire or scalpel to treat hemorrhage (e.g., bleeding ulcers) and to ablate tumors, mucosal lesions, and refractory arrhythmias. It is different from ELECTROSURGERY which is used more for cutting tissue than destroying and in which the patient is part of the electric circuit.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
Tumors or cancer of the OVARY. These neoplasms can be benign or malignant. They are classified according to the tissue of origin, such as the surface EPITHELIUM, the stromal endocrine cells, and the totipotent GERM CELLS.
The determination of the pattern of genes expressed at the level of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION, under specific circumstances or in a specific cell.
A infiltrating (invasive) breast cancer, relatively uncommon, accounting for only 5%-10% of breast tumors in most series. It is often an area of ill-defined thickening in the breast, in contrast to the dominant lump characteristic of ductal carcinoma. It is typically composed of small cells in a linear arrangement with a tendency to grow around ducts and lobules. There is likelihood of axillary nodal involvement with metastasis to meningeal and serosal surfaces. (DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, p1205)
Procedures used to treat and correct deformities, diseases, and injuries to the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM, its articulations, and associated structures.
Tumors or cancer of the EYE.
The simultaneous analysis of multiple samples of TISSUES or CELLS from BIOPSY or in vitro culture that have been arranged in an array format on slides or microchips.
Liver disease in which the normal microcirculation, the gross vascular anatomy, and the hepatic architecture have been variably destroyed and altered with fibrous septa surrounding regenerated or regenerating parenchymal nodules.
Tumors or cancer of the PERITONEUM.
Surgery performed on the eye or any of its parts.
The external junctural region between the lower part of the abdomen and the thigh.
A sarcoma of the deep layers of the skin. The tumors are locally aggressive tends to recur but rarely metastatic. It can be classified into variants depending on the cell type tumors are derived from or by its characteristics: Pigmented variant from MELANIN-containing DERMAL DENDRITIC CELLS; Myxoid variant, myxoid STROMAL CELLS; Giant cell variant characterized by GIANT CELLS in the tumors; and Fibrosarcomatous variant chracterized by tumor areas histologically indistinguishable from FIBROSARCOMA.
Incision into the side of the abdomen between the ribs and pelvis.
Removal of the breast, pectoral muscles, axillary lymph nodes, and associated skin and subcutaneous tissue.
A cell line derived from cultured tumor cells.
Any fluid-filled closed cavity or sac that is lined by an EPITHELIUM. Cysts can be of normal, abnormal, non-neoplastic, or neoplastic tissues.
The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.
A sarcoma containing large spindle cells of smooth muscle. Although it rarely occurs in soft tissue, it is common in the viscera. It is the most common soft tissue sarcoma of the gastrointestinal tract and uterus. The median age of patients is 60 years. (From Dorland, 27th ed; Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3d ed, p1865)
Excision of kidney.
Bone in humans and primates extending from the SHOULDER JOINT to the ELBOW JOINT.

Strongyle infections in ponies. II. Reinfection of treated animals. (1/20023)

Five of seven ponies whose strongyle worm burdens had previously been removed or markedly reduced by repeated thiabendazole treatments were reinfected with doses ranging from 100,000 to 500,000 small strongyle infective larvae. Reinfection of ponies resulted in the development of clinical signs characterized by abnormal feces, marked loss of weight and delayed shedding of winter hair coats. An abrupt increase in circulating eosinophils occurred during the first three weeks following reinfection. Patent infections developed in all ponies with worm eggs appearing in the feces from 12 to 15 weeks after receiving infective larvae. Worm egg outputs followed a cyclic pattern with approximately four to five peaks in egg output per year. There was an abrupt drop in the high worm egg counts in two untreated ponies approximately two and a half years after reinfection. No worms were recovered in the feces of these animals when they were subsequently treated, suggesting that a depletion in the number of inhibited larvae present in these ponies might have occurred.  (+info)

Comparative molecular genetic profiles of anaplastic astrocytomas/glioblastomas multiforme and their subsequent recurrences. (2/20023)

Malignant glial tumors (anaplastic astrocytomas and glioblastomas multiforme) arise mostly either from the progression of low grade precursor lesions or rapidly in a de novo fashion and contain distinct genetic alterations. There is, however, a third subset of malignant gliomas in which genetic lesions remain to be identified. Following surgical resection, all gliomas appear to have an inherent tendency to recur. Comparative molecular analysis of ten primary malignant gliomas (three anaplastic astrocytomas and seven glioblastomas multiforme) with their recurrences identified two distinct subgroups of recurrent tumors. In one group, primary tumors harbored genetic aberrations frequently associated with linear progression or de novo formation pathways of glial tumorigenesis and maintained their genetic profiles upon recurrence. In the other subset with no detectable known genetic mutations at first presentation, the recurrent tumors sustained specific abnormalities associated with pathways of linear progression or de novo formation. These included loss of genes on chromosomes 17 and 10, mutations in the p53 gene, homozygous deletion of the DMBTA1 and p16 and/ or p15 genes and amplification and/or overexpression of CDK4 and alpha form of the PDGF receptor. Recurrent tumors from both groups also displayed an abnormal expression profile of the metalloproteinase, gel A, and its inhibitor, TIMP-2, consistent with their highly invasive behavior. Delineation of the molecular differences between malignant glioblastomas and their subsequent recurrences may have important implications for the development of rational clinical approaches for this neoplasm that remains refractory to existing therapeutic modalities.  (+info)

Paediatric, invasive pneumococcal disease in Switzerland, 1985-1994. Swiss Pneumococcal Study Group. (3/20023)

BACKGROUND: Cost effective use of new vaccines against pneumococcal disease in children requires detailed information about the local epidemiology of pneumococcal infections. METHODS: Data on 393 culture-confirmed cases of invasive pneumococcal infection in children (<17 years) hospitalized in Swiss paediatric clinics were collected retrospectively for the years 1985-1994. RESULTS: Meningitis (42%) was most frequent, followed by pneumonia (28%) and bacteraemia (26%). The overall annual incidence was 2.7 cases per 100000 children <17 years old and 11 cases per 100000 children <2 years old. Annual incidence rates were stable over the study period. Lethality was high for meningitis (8.6%) and bacteraemia (8.9%). A history of basal skull fracture was reported in 3.3% of children with pneumococcal meningitis. Residence in a rural region was associated with an increased risk of pneumococcal infection (relative risk = 1.45, 95% confidence interval: 1.01-2.00). CONCLUSIONS: Paediatric, invasive pneumococcal disease seems to be less frequent in Switzerland than in other European and non-European countries. This may be due to differences in diagnostic strategies and lower frequency of risk factors such as the use of day care. Children with a history of basal skull fracture are at increased risk for pneumococcal meningitis. Further investigation of the association of invasive pneumococcal infection with rural residence and the use of antibiotics for upper respiratory tract infections might give new insight into the dynamics of Streptococcus pneumoniae infection and the development of antibiotic resistance.  (+info)

Longitudinal evaluation of serovar-specific immunity to Neisseria gonorrhoeae. (4/20023)

The serovars of Neisseria gonorrhoeae that are predominant in a community change over time, a phenomenon that may be due to the development of immunity to repeat infection with the same serovar. This study evaluated the epidemiologic evidence for serovar-specific immunity to N. gonorrhoeae. During a 17-month period in 1992-1994, all clients of a sexually transmitted disease clinic in rural North Carolina underwent genital culture for N. gonorrhoeae. Gonococcal isolates were serotyped according to standard methods. Odds ratios for repeat infection with the same serovar versus any different serovar were calculated on the basis of the distribution of serovars in the community at the time of reinfection. Of 2,838 patients, 608 (21.4%; 427 males and 181 females) were found to be infected with N. gonorrhoeae at the initial visit. Ninety patients (14.8% of the 608) had a total of 112 repeat gonococcal infections. Repeat infection with the same serovar occurred slightly more often than would be expected based on the serovars prevalent in the community at the time of reinfection, though the result was marginally nonsignificant (odds ratio = 1.5, 95% confidence interval 1.0-2.4; p = 0.05). Choosing partners within a sexual network may increase the likelihood of repeat exposure to the same serovar of N. gonorrhoeae. Gonococcal infection did not induce evident immunity to reinfection with the same serovar.  (+info)

Validation of the Rockall risk scoring system in upper gastrointestinal bleeding. (5/20023)

BACKGROUND: Several scoring systems have been developed to predict the risk of rebleeding or death in patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB). These risk scoring systems have not been validated in a new patient population outside the clinical context of the original study. AIMS: To assess internal and external validity of a simple risk scoring system recently developed by Rockall and coworkers. METHODS: Calibration and discrimination were assessed as measures of validity of the scoring system. Internal validity was assessed using an independent, but similar patient sample studied by Rockall and coworkers, after developing the scoring system (Rockall's validation sample). External validity was assessed using patients admitted to several hospitals in Amsterdam (Vreeburg's validation sample). Calibration was evaluated by a chi2 goodness of fit test, and discrimination was evaluated by calculating the area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. RESULTS: Calibration indicated a poor fit in both validation samples for the prediction of rebleeding (p<0.0001, Vreeburg; p=0.007, Rockall), but a better fit for the prediction of mortality in both validation samples (p=0.2, Vreeburg; p=0.3, Rockall). The areas under the ROC curves were rather low in both validation samples for the prediction of rebleeding (0.61, Vreeburg; 0.70, Rockall), but higher for the prediction of mortality (0.73, Vreeburg; 0.81, Rockall). CONCLUSIONS: The risk scoring system developed by Rockall and coworkers is a clinically useful scoring system for stratifying patients with acute UGIB into high and low risk categories for mortality. For the prediction of rebleeding, however, the performance of this scoring system was unsatisfactory.  (+info)

Transcatheter closure of patent foramen ovale using the Amplatzer septal occluder to prevent recurrence of neurological decompression illness in divers. (6/20023)

OBJECTIVE: Large flap valve patent foramens may cause paradoxical thromboembolism and neurological decompression illness in divers. The ability of a self expanding Nitinol wire mesh device (Amplatzer septal occluder) to produce complete closure of the patent foramen ovale was assessed. PATIENTS: Seven adults, aged 18-60 years, who had experienced neurological decompression illness related to diving. Six appeared to have a normal atrial septum on transthoracic echocardiography, while one was found to have an aneurysm of the interatrial septum. METHODS: Right atrial angiography was performed to delineate the morphology of the right to left shunt. The defects were sized bidirectionally with a precalibrated balloon filled with dilute contrast. The largest balloon diameter that could be repeatedly passed across the septum was used to select the occlusion device diameter. Devices were introduced through 7 F long sheaths. All patients underwent transthoracic contrast echocardiography one month after the implant. RESULTS: Device placement was successful in all patients. Device sizes ranged from 9-14 mm. The patient with an aneurysm of the interatrial septum had three defects, which were closed with two devices. Right atrial angiography showed complete immediate closure in all patients. Median (range) fluoroscopy time was 13.7 (6-35) minutes. Follow up contrast echocardiography showed no right to left shunting in six of seven patients and the passage of a few bubbles in one patient. All patients have been allowed to return to diving. CONCLUSION: The Amplatzer septal occluder can close the large flap valve patent foramen ovale in divers who have experienced neurological decompression illness. Interatrial septal aneurysms with multiple defects may require more than one device.  (+info)

Outcome of pregnancy in women with congenital shunt lesions. (7/20023)

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcome of pregnancy in women with congenital shunt lesions. SETTING: Retrospective study in a tertiary care centre. METHODS: Pregnancy history was obtained by a standardised questionnaire and medical records were reviewed. PATIENTS: 175 women were identified, at a mean (SD) age of 42 (14) years. Pregnancies occurred in 126 women: 50 with an atrial septal defect, 22 with a ventricular septal defect, 22 with an atrioventricular septal defect, 19 with tetralogy of Fallot, and 13 with other complex shunt lesions. RESULTS: 309 pregnancies were reported by 126 woman (2.5 (1.6) pregnancies per woman). The shortening fraction of the systemic ventricle was 40 (8)%, and 98% were in New York Heart Association class I-II at last follow up. Spontaneous abortions occurred in 17% of pregnancies (abortion rate, 0.4 (0.9) per woman). Gestational age of the 241 newborn infants was 8.8 (0.8) months. There were no maternal deaths related to pregnancy. Pre-eclampsia and embolic events were observed in 1.3% and 0.6%, respectively of all pregnancies. Women with complex shunt lesions more often underwent caesarean section (70% v 15-30%, p = 0.005) and gave birth to smaller babies for equivalent gestation (2577 (671) g v 3016 (572) to 3207 (610) g, p < 0.05). The recurrence risk of congenital heart disease was 2.5%. CONCLUSIONS: The outcome of pregnancy is favourable in women with congenital shunt lesions if their functional class and their systolic ventricular function are good. Such patients can be reassured.  (+info)

Recurring myocardial infarction in a 35 year old woman. (8/20023)

A 35 year old woman presented with acute myocardial infarction without any of the usual risk factors: she had never smoked; she had normal blood pressure; she did not have diabetes; plasma concentrations of total cholesterol and high and low density lipoprotein cholesterol, fibrinogen, homocysteine, and Lp(a) lipoprotein were normal. She was not taking oral contraceptives or any other medication. Coronary angiography showed occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery but no evidence of arteriosclerosis. Medical history disclosed a previous leg vein thrombosis with pulmonary embolism. Coagulation analysis revealed protein C deficiency. The recognition of protein C deficiency as a risk factor for myocardial infarction is important as anticoagulation prevents further thrombotic events, whereas inhibitors of platelet aggregation are ineffective.  (+info)

See also bug #70693 Activesyncd is losing the nth attribute for monthly repeating BYDAY events. The following EAS data: ,Recurrence xmlns=Calendar:, ,Recurrence_Type,3,/Recurrence_Type, ,Recurrence_Interval,1,/Recurrence_Interval, ,Recurrence_WeekOfMonth,1,/Recurrence_WeekOfMonth, ,Recurrence_DayOfWeek,16,/Recurrence_DayOfWeek, ,/Recurrence, is turned into the following RRULE: RRULE:FREQ=MONTHLY;BYDAY=TH which should be: RRULE:FREQ=MONTHLY;BYDAY=1TH This is obviously related to bug #70693. Until I investigate further, I dont know if this is caused by the same underlying problem as that bug, is a deliberate attempt to avoid triggering that bug or is a separate bug. Even if this is separate, bug #70693 may still prevent the corrected event from being synchronised. As events with recurrence like first Monday of the month are very common, it would be nice to fix this ...
RESULTS: 42 of the 99 lesions (42.4%) were invasive carcinomas, 57 (57.6%) were pure ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS). 6 out of 99 (6.1%) lesions were triple negative, and 29 (29.3%) were HER2/neu positive. Successful first excision rate was 76/99 lesions (76.8%). Breast conservation was achieved in 73.7% (73/99). 10 women showed local recurrences without negatively impacting survival. The recurrences included round/punctate, amorphous, fine pleomorphic, and fine linear or fine-linear branching descriptors. The breast cancer-specific long-term survival rate was 91/94 (96.8%) for a mean follow-up of 81.4 months. The 3 patients who died due to breast carcinoma showed fine pleomorphic calcifications, and had nodal-positive invasive carcinoma at diagnosis ...
...SAN DIEGO June 2 /- Optimer Pharmaceuticals I... ...(Logo: ...,Optimer,Pharmaceuticals,Announces,Lower,Recurrence,Rates,for,Fidaxomicin,Versus,Vancocin(R),in,Subgroup,Analyses,from,Its,Phase,3,Study,for,the,Treatment,of,CDI,biological,advanced biology technology,biology laboratory technology,biology device technology,latest biology technology
A computer tool can predict the likelihood of estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer recurrence within 10 years of hormone therapy
In their report, Kim and colleagues study the ability of changes in mammographic density over a period of 12 to 18 months to predict subsequent recurrence in 1,065 Korean women with oestrogen receptor-positive breast cancer. Based on 80 recurrences, a clear gradient for lower recurrence rates was seen among women with larger density reductions - with recurrence rates being more than twofold higher in women with no reduction compared with those presenting a reduction ≥10%. This extends previous work on predicting the effectiveness of tamoxifen in individual women from the preventive setting to the adjuvant setting, and also includes women treated with aromatase inhibitors, where a slightly larger effect was seen ...
View Notes - Alcoholism from PAS 600 - 601 at Chatham University. Alcohol abuse definition If, during the last 12 months, alcohol has contributed to repeated episodes of failure to fulfill
In mid-2017, the Council of Research & Technical Advice on Acute Malnutrition (CORTASAM) led the implementation of a global research prioritisation exercise for the treatment of wasting1. Over 300 individuals from 63 countries and 167 organisations participated in this survey. This exercise identified key research areas that are priorities to achieve scale-up of treatment of wasting by 20202.. One of the top five global research priority questions focuses on relapse rates post-discharge from treatment for wasting; namely: What are the rates and causal factors of post-discharge relapse from treatment across contexts? How can relapse be reduced? A recent literature review3 focussing on relapse following treatment of wasting found very little data in this area, as well as considerable variation in both the definition of relapse and in the approach to measuring it across research and programmes. Timescales for defining relapse varied greatly. Studies used either active follow-up or passive ...
If the ganglion is asymptomatic it may not require any treatment whatsoever.. Conservative management of a ganglion consists of aspiration of the jellylike fluid and an injection of a steroid solution into the ganglion sac. This may be effective in preventing long-term recurrence in approximately 30% of patients.. If a ganglion recurs following aspiration and is symptomatic it can be removed by a small operation which is normally carried out either by numbing the arm or under a general anaesthetic. This is usually successful in preventing long-term recurrence in 70-80% of patients.. ...
Process monitoring is an important research problem in numerous areas. This paper proposes a novel process monitoring scheme by integrating the recurrence plot (RP) method and the control chart technique. Recently, the RP method has emerged as an effective tool to analyze waveform signals. However, unlike the existing RP methods that employ recurrence quantification analysis (RQA) to quantify the recurrence plot by a few summary statistics; we propose new concepts of template recurrence plots and continuous-scale recurrence plots to characterize the waveform signals. A new feature extraction method is developed based on continuous-scale recurrence plot. Then, a monitoring statistic based on the top- approach is constructed from the continuous-scale recurrence plot. Finally, a bootstrap control chart is built to detect the signal changes based on the constructed monitoring statistics. The comprehensive simulation studies show that the proposed
Glad you visited this page with a sentence for recurrence. Perhaps also see a sentence for richards and ways to use reasonably in a sentence. Now that youve seen how to use recurrence in a sentence hope you might explore the rest of this educational reference site to see many other example sentences which provide word usage information.. People looking for: use recurrence in a sentence, reccurrence usage, recurrence in a sentence, recurrence sentence, sentences for recurences, sentences for recurrence, visited this page ...
Now certainly, these issues ought to be addressed by the surgeon performing the definitive operation. Inability to comply with the demands of radiation therapy is a valid counterindication to BCT. But the non-compliance issue has prompted a search for alternative strategies. Radiation is given to reduce recurrence rates to a level comparable to mastectomy. Omission of radiation doesnt necessarily worsen survival, but recurrence rates are unacceptably high without it. New data has suggested that 70% of recurrences after lumpectomy occur in the area of the resected tumor bed. Furthermore, the incidence of recurrence in other quadrants of the breast is equivalent when comparing BCT with or without post operative radiation. This raises the question: Can we simply irradiate the tumor bed and thusly achieve local control with longterm recurrence rates equal to the standard of whole breast irradiation ...
CVSROOT: /cvs/purrs Module name: purrs Changes by: zolo at 2003-11-14 12:45:47 Modified files: demos : src : Recurrence.defs.hh Recurrence.inlines.hh tests : Log message: Removed the status `HAS_HUGE_DECREMENT from `Solver_Status. Now the status `HAS_HUGE_DECREMENT of `Classifier_Status is mapped in the status `TOO_COMPLEX of `Solver_Status. Added and fixed several comments. Patches: ...
AceProject supports date variables in the Task Summary field when creating or editing a recurrence. This allows you to have tasks generated by a recurrence with unique Summary field values to help you tell the different instances of a given recurrence apart. These variables make use of the Estimated Start Date of a task created from a recurrence.. Here are the variables that may be used in the Task Summary field in the New Recurrence or Edit Recurrence pages and the text result when a recurring task instance is created:. ...
5. Can result from viagra italian commercial soft tissue and nearby nerves and major food brands that offer information regarding limitations and opportunities for mastery, identifying individualized care approaches and goals, using social supports, accessing supportive environments, decreasing unpleasant sensations, and difculty swallowing; some may live much longer. Assess for the study is needed quickly, hiv rna level can be life threatening if unrecognized and untreated. This depends on the suture line. 7. Monitor intake and alternatives for fertility. 126). 457 a. B. C. D. E. A. B. C. Simplifying the complexity of the flap is believed to be more brittle, elderly patients are at a higher two-year cumulative recurrence rate of iv mainte- nance central nervous system abnormality. Figure 5. 280 outline of the cell membrane. Furosemide or toresemide, loop diuretics, phenytoin, and nicotinic acid can identify mac- roadenomas and mi- croadenomas larger than 4 cm in diameter. 13. 945chapter 21 ...
Abstract: Roughly speaking, a recurrence relation is nested if it contains a subexpression of the form ... A(...A(...)...). Many nested recurrence relations occur in the literature, and determining their behavior seems to be quite difficult and highly dependent on their initial conditions. A nested recurrence relation A(n) is said to be undecidable if the following problem is undecidable: given a finite set of initial conditions for A(n), is the recurrence relation calculable? Here calculable means that for every n ,= 0, either A(n) is an initial condition or the calculation of A(n) involves only invocations of A on arguments in {0,1,...,n-1}. We show that the recurrence relation A(n) = A(n-4-A(A(n-4)))+4A(A(n-4)) +A(2A(n-4-A(n-2))+A(n-2)). is undecidable by showing how it can be used, together with carefully chosen initial conditions, to simulate Post 2-tag systems, a known Turing complete problem ...
CVSROOT: /cvs/purrs Module name: purrs Changes by: zolo at 2003-12-23 18:24:57 Modified files: src : Recurrence.defs.hh Log message: Renamed `verify_new_method_exp_poly() in `verify_new_method_const_coeff(). Added the method `verify_new_method_var_coeff() (it is still commented because not finished). Patches: ...
viSNE reveals the progression of cancer in a sample of cells taken from a patient with acute myeloid leukemia. In figure a, the contours represent cell density in each region of the map. Each point represents a cell from the diagnosis sample (top, purple) or relapse sample (bottom, red). In figure b, cells from both diagnosis and relapse samples are shown in each map. Cells are colored according to intensity of expression of the indicated cell markers, enabling the comparison of expression patterns before and after relapse. For example, Fit3 is expressed primarily in the diagnosis sample, while CD34 emerges in the relapse sample. Image credit: Dana Peer, PhD/Columbia University. NEW YORK, NY - In their quest to learn more about the variability of cells between and within tissues, biomedical scientists have devised tools capable of simultaneously measuring dozens of characteristics of individual cells. These technologies have led to new challenges, however, as scientists now struggle with how to ...
AR System Message Catalog ARERR [649] Recurrence Start Time must be less than Recurrence End Time. For a recurrence time segment, the start time must be less than the end time. |= Go back
We define a new type of recurrence equations called Simple Indexed Recurrences (SIR). In this type of equations, ordinary recurrences are generalized to
In this note, we study the recurrence and topologically multiple recurrence of a sequence of operators on Banach spaces. In particular, we give a sufficient and necessary condition for a cosine operator function, induced by a sequence of operators on the Lebesgue space of a locally compact group, to be topologically multiply recurrent ...
ON RECURRENCE OF REFLECTED RANDOM WALK ON THE HALF-LINE. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
A recurrence relation is an equation that uses recursion to relate terms in a sequence or elements in an array. It is a way to define a sequence or array in terms of itself. Recurrence relations have applications in many areas of mathematics: number theory - the Fibonacci sequence combinatorics - distribution of objects into bins calculus - Eulers method and many more. Recurrence relations are used when an exhaustive approach to problem solving is simply too ...
Most recurrences happen within the first two years. That said, it is possible to get a recurrence later on. Recurrences, however, are indeed less common the longer you get out from your...
Definition: Let $f_n = a_1f_{n-1} + a_2f_{n-2} + ... + a_kf_{n-k}$ for $n \geq k$ be a linear homogeneous recurrence relation of order $k$, i.e., $a_1, a_2, ..., a_k$ are constants and $a_k \neq 0$. Then this recurrence relation can be rewritten as $f_n - a_1f_{n-1} - a_2f_{n-2} - ... - a_kf_{n-k} = 0$ and the Character Equation for the linear homogeneous recurrence relation with constant coefficients is the polynomial $x^k - a_1x^{k-1} - a_2x^{k-2} - ... - a_k = 0$ ...
Although the mathematical integrability underlying this fact is well understood, this simple topological recurrence appeals for a direct combinatorial interpretation which is, so far, not known. The purpose of the talk is to relate this question to properties of continuum random surfaces of genus g (a.k.a. Brownian maps, conjecturally linked to Liouville quantum gravity). Namely, we give a simple recursive slicing procedure of the surfaces that gives rise to a non-linear recurrence for the numbers t_g. This recurrence features unknown constants that are naturally interpreted as observables of nearest-neighbour Voronoï tessellations around random vertices in Brownian surfaces. By comparing with the Painlevé-I equation, we identify these moments, which are unexpectedly simple and suggest that our (my) understanding of high-genus random surfaces is still very incomplete. ...
A recurrence is an equation or inequality that describes a function in terms of its values on smaller inputs. To solve a Recurrence Relation means to obtain a function defined on the natural numbers that satisfy the recurrence. for (i=1; i|=n*n; i++) // Executed n*n times for (j=0; j|i; j++) //Execu
For cancer survivors, the fight isnt always over. Many are concerned about the possibility of recurrence, and living with uncertainty is never easy. Discovering an intervention that can prevent cancer recurrence has the potential to significantly enhance quality of life.
Jenna Ladd| August 3, 2017 In the second episode of Nitrate in Iowa, Iowa Environmental Focus mini-video series about nutrient pollution in the Hawkeye state, we consider two perspectives on this issue. First we speak with Iowa State Senator and century farmer, Kevin Kinney of Oxford, Iowa. Kinney argues that while agriculture plays a role in nutrient…
SGL Entertainment is pleased to announce that we have just released the Second Episode for the new paranormal TV Series The Paraseekers. Episode Two is called
DateTime::Set is fine to use, but calendar math has these mysterious details, and recurrence specifications are particularly hard.. The specialised DateTime::Event subclasses can make life easier. DateTime::Event::Sunrise and DateTime::Event::Cron are other nice examples.. About the endpoint that makes it work: when both endpoints of the set are known, it triggers an optimisation that pre-calculates the whole set. The internal representation then changes to a list. This fixes the problem, because no further recurrence math is involved.. ...
Results Support Early Use of KYPROLIS at First Relapse PRNewswire/ - Amgen (NASDAQ:AMGN) today announced that the Journal of Clinical Oncology published positive overall survival (OS) findings… ...
Results Support Early Use of KYPROLIS at First Relapse PRNewswire/ - Amgen (NASDAQ:AMGN) today announced that the Journal of Clinical Oncology published positive overall survival (OS) findings… ...
Second day, second episode! This aint gonna be like this everyday, just so you know! I was just writing a song Lorena Ares, an amazing 12 y.o. singer (check her out at, mad pipes!), and I thought I could talk about songwriting. Here you have my view! Hope you enjoy it! PS: BTW, dont […]. ...
Going green does not need to be a sacrifice, either for us as individuals or for businesses, governments and the economy. This is the second episode o...
There is one word that anyone who has beaten cancer dreads that most: recurrence. Unfortunately, whether you ever experience a recurrence or not, the word is brought up in almost every doctors appointment. You scan for it every few months, but how do you cope when your doctor calls you in for an unexpected
ii. The History Channel - UFO Hunters, Season 3 - Multiple Episodes; from December 2008 - June 2009, I served as a producer of the popular UFO Hunters program. Throughout multiple episodes, the research/FOIA documents I have collected over the last decade were used in the research/development phase, shown on screen, and opinions were offered on select documents. As an example, in one episode dealing with a secret underground installation, underground digging technology was discussed at length. To source this information in the show, multiple documents were obtained under the FOIA as reference, including Use of the Subterrene for Military ...
Learn about brain tumor recurrences and what to expect if you experience one, including testing & treatment options, as well as coping with the recurrence.
Your application may not require the entire scheduler functionality. There are times when only a part of it is really needed. A common problem is the use of the Recurrence form, which is the set of controls designed to specify a recurrence rule as a standalone form. In this case, you dont have to instantiate the MVC Scheduler. The AppointmentRecurrenceFormExtension object is what you need to accomplish this task.. Use the AppointmentRecurrenceFormExtension.Bind method to bind the form to the RecurrenceInfo object instance. ...
This paper derives new recurrence relations for scalar spherical waves in Cartesian coordinates and compares the performance of these relations with that of traditional recurrence relations. They are numerically stable for travelling waves and some standing waves, and are faster for evaluating scalar spherical waves up to order 40 on a nonspherical surface. Because of their algebraic simplicity, they will be especially useful for symbolic-algebra computer programs, allowing explicit expressions for scalar and vector spherical waves to be obtained using a succinct procedure. ...
In 2011, Chartier began a series of new works, Recurrence, which revisits the Series elements and reworks them into entirely new compositions. Drawn to the original sounds Chartier felt that they could be re-composed. The form they have taken contains isolated and discreet events strewn across the sound field, creating a strange landscape and altered sense of space. A full studio version of Recurrence (Series) is accompanied on this release with Recurrence (Room/Crosstones), an exploration of room tones and other low frequency wave recordings. The Recurrence works are a continuing reflection on the major aesthetic elements of Chartiers artistic language as it has evolved through the years. ... 1st Year Online course and notes for Discrete Mathematics,Recurrence Relation And Combinatorics. Download 1st Year, Recurrence Relation And Combinatorics in Discrete Mathematics notes
We develop here the rst steps of a long-term investigation on multi-time scaled systems with some spatial heterogeneity. They can be characterized by a slow-variation of \actions interspaced by local fast variations of \angles. The principle of construction of these systems is presented on a rst example where the actions are periodic solutions of a planar Hamiltonian system. Once the fast perturbation of the angles is added, the whole system displays kind of bursting oscillations (characterized by the alternate of quiescent phases interspaced by fast oscillations) although it is completely integrable. In this rst example, the full analysis of the underlying recurrence is possible. We then discuss a second example which has been discovered by Rossler in the 70s and which inspired this study. This example looks paradigmatic of the complex global recurrences these systems may have.
Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) is a rare aseptic, auto-inflammatory bone disorder. CRMO presents with bone pain with or without fever. The diagnosis of CRMO is a diagnosis of exclusion and should be included in the differential diagnosis of chronic inflammatory bone lesions in children. Cultures of the bone are typically sterile, antibiotic therapy does not result in clinical improvement whereas anti-inflammatory drugs improve the condition. Furthermore, biopsy should be considered in chronic and relapsing bone pain and swelling unresponsive to treatment. Herein, we present a nine-year-old boy complaining of recurrent pain in his upper and lower extremities. On examination he had mild fever and cervical lymphadenopathy. He also had experienced bone pain and weight loss in the recent month. Based on biopsy and bone scan he was finally diagnosed with CRMO. Naproxen and Pamidronate was prescribed and he was getting better and returned to normal life and activity without need to
Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) is an inflammatory, non-infectious disorder of skeletal system mainly seen in children. We report a case of CRMO presenting with fever and leg pain. The patient was an 11-year-old boy complaining of a fever, swelling and pain on his right foot, and pain on both legs. Although serum levels of CK and aldolase were not increased, MRI imaging suggested polymyositis. Muscle biopsy showed interstitial infiltration of inflammatory cells without any evidences of dermatomyositis or polymyositis. One month later, he complained of a swelling, pain and redness of his left clavicle as recurrently experienced during the recent 6 months, and MRI investigation indicated the diagnosis of osteomyelitis. Bone biopsy was performed and showed chronic inflammatory changes with negative bacterial culture. Multiple bone lesions and muscle uptake of FDG in his legs were revealed by whole body FDG-PET/CT, and he was diagnosed as having CRMO with interstitial myositis. The ...
Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) is an inflammatory bone disease usually affecting children. A 9-year old boy presented with recurrent lower extremities pain and discomfort lasting for two years. In every time, symptoms vanished after several weeks. The patient received antibiotics only in one period of bone pain. In other occasions the patient didnt received any antibiotics. In last episode of bone pain, symptoms disappeared by use of naproxen. In patients X-rays, there were multifocal areas of sclerosis with a wide transitional zone accompanied by a fine periosteal reaction. Regarding his history and MRI, bone scan findings were more in favor of active inflammatory process in the involved regions. In needle biopsy and bone curetting of left & right tibiae, osteonecrosis, mild inflammatory fibrosis, and scattered chronic inflammatory cells consistent with chronic osteomyelitis were noticed. No malignant neoplastic tissue was identified. In 2-year follow-up, diagnosis of CRMO was
article: Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis: diagnostic problems and treatment - Minerva Ortopedica e Traumatologica 2008 December;59(6):373-7 - Minerva Medica - Journals
Of 52 patients with recurrent tuberculosis in Shanghai, People's Republic of China, 32 (61.5%) had isolates in which genotype patterns of Mycobacterium tuberculosis differed between first and second episodes. This result indicates that exogenous reinfection is common in an area with a high incidence of tuberculosis.
WEDNESDAY, Sept. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Researchers say theyve identified a genetic indicator of the long-term risk of breast cancer recurrence.. They compared three gene signature methods of predicting the risk of recurrence in patients treated for estrogen-receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer. They found that only the breast cancer index (BCI) -- a biomarker based on the expression levels of seven tumor-specific genes -- accurately identifies patients who continues to be at risk for breast cancer recurrence after five years of treatment with either tamoxifen or anastrozole, a drug in the aromatase inhibitor class.. The other two methods examined in the study were the Oncotype Dx Recurrence Score, the current gold standard for guiding clinical decision making, and the ICH4 gene signature, which is used less frequently used.. All three methods were able to predict recurrence risk in the first five years, but only the breast cancer index was able to accurately assess long-term recurrence risk, ...
List of 5 disease causes of Recurrent abdominal pain in infants, patient stories, diagnostic guides. Diagnostic checklist, medical tests, doctor questions, and related signs or symptoms for Recurrent abdominal pain in infants.
TY - JOUR. T1 - The Characteristics of Patients with GIST Who Experienced Late Recurrence after Resection. AU - Wada, Noriko. AU - Takahashi, Tsuyoshi. AU - Kurokawa, Yukinori. AU - Nakajima, Kiyokazu. AU - Miyazaki, Yasuhiro. AU - Makino, Tomoki. AU - Yamasaki, Makoto. AU - Takiguchi, Shuji. AU - Masuzawa, Toru. AU - Nishida, Toshirou. AU - Mori, Masaki. AU - Doki, Yuichiro. PY - 2016/11/1. Y1 - 2016/11/1. N2 - The characteristics of patients with gastrointestinal stromal tumor(GIST)who need long-term surveillance after resection remain unclear. We investigated the characteristics of 14 patients with GIST who developed recurrence over 5 years after resection. The most common primary tumor site was the stomach, followed by the rectum and small intestine. We found that 58% of patients had low-risk tumors, and 29% of patients developed recurrence over 10 years after resection. The most common first recurrence site was local, followed by the liver and peritoneum. All 4 patients with rectal GIST ...
The patients were predominantly men (20/23:87%) between 45-77 years of age. 22 patients were staged as 4a (TNM version 7) and 1 was metastatic at presentation. Excluding the metastatic patient, over half received induction chemotherapy (12/22:55%). The majority received radical chemo-radiotherapy (19/22:86%). Recurrence post treatment occurred between 5-58 months, (median = 14 months). In 10 patients, recurrence was within 12 months, in 12 patients, over 12 months. Site of primary disease or delivery of induction chemotherapy did not influence timing of recurrence. Current smokers were more likely to recur early (,12 months) compared to non-smokers. The most frequent sites of disease recurrence were lung (n=10), bone (n=9), liver (n=6) or within the oropharynx (n=11). In early recurrence, local disease was most prevalent. In later recurrences, bone and lung metastases were most frequently seen. 18/23 (78%) patients died from their disease with a mean time from disease recurrence to death of 9.4 ...
A randomized controlled trial of VSL#3 for the prevention of endoscopic recurrence following surgery for Crohns disease Conference Paper ...
Objective. This study examined recurrence patterns in breast cancer patients younger than age of 40 and older than age of 75, two groups that are underrepresented in clinical trials and not routinely screened by mammography. Methods. The records of 230 breast cancer patients (n = 125 less than 40 and n = 105 greater than 75) who presented to the Emory University Department of Radiation Oncology for curative treatment between 1997 and 2010 were reviewed. Data recorded included disease presentation, treatment, and areas of locoregional recurrence. Results. Women less than 40 years of age had higher rates of locoregional recurrence (20% versus 7%, P = 0.004) and distant recurrence (18% versus 5%, P = 0.003) than patients above 75 years of age. On multivariate analysis, patient age less than 40 was the only significant predictor of locoregional recurrence (P = 0.018). In a univariate analysis of each age group, receptor status and postlumpectomy radiation were significant predictors of locoregional ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Effect of multiple episodes of Acute Kidney Injury on mortality. T2 - an observational study. AU - Walker, Heather. AU - De Souza, Nicosha. AU - Hapca, Simona. AU - Witham, Miles D.. AU - Bell, Samira. PY - 2021/2. Y1 - 2021/2. N2 - Background: Patients who survive an episode of acute kidney injury (AKI) are more likely to have further episodes of AKI. AKI is associated with increased mortality, with a further increase with recurrent episodes. It is not clear whether this is due to AKI or as a result of other patient characteristics. The aim of this study was to establish whether recurrence of AKI is an independent risk factor for mortality, or if excess mortality is explained by other factors.Methods: This observational cohort study included adult people from the Tayside region of Scotland, with an episode of AKI during 1st January 2009 and 31st December 2009. AKI was defined using the creatinine based Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes definition. Associations between ...
This is the first study to assess the safety and efficacy of vonoprazan for the prevention of peptic ulcer recurrence in patients receiving long-term LDA therapy. The double blind, randomised phase of the study demonstrated that vonoprazan 10 mg and 20 mg were non-inferior to lansoprazole 15 mg in the prevention of peptic ulcer recurrence over 24 weeks of treatment. The protective effect of vonoprazan was long lasting, as demonstrated by the low cumulative incidence of both peptic ulcer recurrence and bleeding of the stomach/duodenum during the long-term (up to 2 years) extension study, and there were relatively few safety concerns associated with vonoprazan. Although concern has previously been noted that long-term PPI administration may cause decreased absorption of vitamin B12, calcium and/or magnesium, in our study there was no fluctuation in the serum levels during the prolonged study period. Together, these results indicate that vonoprazan is an effective alternative treatment to PPIs for ...
Hormonal therapy reduces the risk of recurrence for women with early-stage breast cancer that is ER-and/or PR-positive. Standard therapy lasts 5 years. A new study looks at whether extending one type of hormonal therapy, known as aromatase inhibitor therapy, to 10 years lowers recurrence rates even more for these women. (7/26/16)
These both came back negative and on day eight, her condition got worse.. Two weeks later, she died, and scientists have now said that she suffered from reinfection.. It comes after it was revealed that a healthy 25-year-old man in the US was reinfected with the virus.. The unnamed man from Nevada had no known immune disorders or underlying conditions and needed to have oxygen due to the severity of the bug.. It is the first known coronavirus reinfection case in the US and only the fifth in the world.. This makes this new case in the Netherlands the sixth case of reinfection and the first in which a patient has died from reinfection.. The first case was reported in Hong Kong in August.. The 33-year-old was reinfected and on the second infection - was asymptomatic.. ...
Question - Dizziness, fatigue, vomiting sensation on trying to urinate, repeated episode post shower, pain in sternum area. Pregnancy sign?. Ask a Doctor about diagnosis, treatment and medication for Vomiting, Ask an OBGYN, Gynecologic Oncology
Recurrence of membranous nephropathy after renal transplantation has been reported either anecdotally or in a few series. In the present study, the potential risk factors as well as hitherto unreported actuarial risk for recurrence and graft loss due to recurrence were evaluated by combining data of a series of transplanted patients with MN at Louvain Medical School (n = 12) and at Lyon (n = 18; previously reported by Couchoud et al. 1995) giving a total of 30 patients. No risk factor for recurrence was identified as there was no statistical difference between the patients with and without recurrence for duration of MN in native kidneys or of pretransplant hemodialysis, presence of HLA-DR3, graft origin and use of cyclosporin. Actuarial risk for recurrence reached 29% at 3 years, plateauing up to 10 years. The outcome of recurrence was poor since the actual risk for graft loss among patients with recurrent MN was 38 and 52% at 5 and 10 years, respectively. ...
The second type of recurrence is regional in nature. By regional we mean that the cancer has come back outside of the original breast and lymph node area. This is considered to be more serious than a local recurrence, but not as serious as a distant recurrence. The areas in which regional spread of the disease occur include the chest muscles (pectoral), the lymph nodes surrounding the neck area, the internal breast lymph nodes in the breast bone and rib areas and in the lymph nodes above the collarbone. This type of recurrence is rare. The third and most serious type of recurrence is called a distant recurrence. This is also referred to as a metastasis. The areas where distant spread can occur are most likely to occur are bone (25%), liver, brain, bone marrow, lungs or other organs. Sometimes this is referred to as metastatic disease or Stage IV breast cancer. The survival rate becomes much lower once metastasis occurs, with a life expectancy of 18 months on the average after discovering it. ...
Invasion and metastasis is a complex process governed by the interaction of genetically altered tumor cells and the immunological and inflammatory host reponse. Specific T-cells directed against tumor cells and the nonspecific inflammatory reaction due to tissue damage, cooperate against invasive tumor cells in order to prevent recurrences. Data concerning involvement of individual cell types are readily available but little is known about the coordinate interactions between both forms of immune response. The presence of inflammatory infiltrate and eosinophils was determined in 1530 patients with rectal adenocarcinoma from a multicenter trial. We selected 160 patients to analyze this inflammatory infiltrate in more detail using immunohistochemistry. The association with the development of local and distant relapses was determined using univariate and multivariate log rank testing. Patients with an extensive inflammatory infiltrate around the tumor had lower recurrence rates (3.4% versus 6.9%, p = 0.03),
Psychosocial interventions for recurrent abdominal pain in childhood Edited (no change to conclusions) answers are found in the Cochrane Abstracts powered by Unbound Medicine. Available for iPhone, iPad, Android, and Web.
In a new report published by Young et al in Cancer Medicine, a two-gene circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) blood test for postsurgical monitoring of colorectal cancer (CRC) recurrence has been shown to detect twice the number of recurrence cases as carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) testing, a standard of care component for CRC recurrence monitoring in patients who have undergone surgery. The test measures the presence of BCAT1 and IKZF1 gene methylation, a chemical modification associated with tumor growth and invasion. Preliminary data from this study were presented in January at the ASCO 2016 Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium (Abstract 495). The ctDNA test is produced by Clinical Genomics.. Given that at least 30% of patients in remission from [colorectal cancer] following initial treatment will develop recurrence, improved surveillance methods that accurately detect recurrence are essential for improving outcomes for patients, said contributing study author Graeme P. Young, MBBS, MD, FRACP, ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - The Essen Stroke Risk Score predicts recurrent cardiovascular events A validation within the REduction of Atherothrombosis for Continued Health (REACH) registry. AU - Weimar, Christian. AU - Diener, Hans Christoph. AU - Alberts, Mark J.. AU - Gabriel Steg, P.. AU - Bhatt, Deepak L.. AU - Wilson, Peter W F. AU - Mas, Jean Louis. AU - Röther, Joachim. PY - 2009/2. Y1 - 2009/2. N2 - Background and Purpose-Predictive scores are important tools for stratifying patients based on the risk of future (cerebro)vascular events and for selecting potential prevention therapy. Recently, the Essen Stroke Risk Score (ESRS) was derived from cerebrovascular patients in the Clopidogrel versus Aspirin in Patients at Risk of Ischemic Events (CAPRIE) trial. We aimed to validate the ESRS in a large cohort of outpatients with previous transient ischemic attack or stroke from the REduction of Atherothrombosis for Continued Health (REACH) Registry. Methods-We included 15 605 outpatients with a qualifying ...
BACKGROUND: We assessed the impact of complications on recurrence and survival after curative gastric cancer resection. METHODS: Patients undergoing R0 resections between 1990 and 2009 were identified in a prospectively maintained database and were categorized by presence of any complication Clavien-Dindo (CD) ≥ II, sepsis or intra-abdominal sepsis. Cox regression analyses to relate complications and clinico-pathological variables to time to recurrence (TTR) and overall survival (OS) were performed. RESULTS: A total of 271 patients were included with a median follow-up of 149.9 months (range 140.1-159.9). complications CD ≥ II occurred in 162 (59.8%) patients, sepsis in 66 (22.5%), and intra-abdominal sepsis in 37 (13.6%). Recurrence developed in 88 (32.4%) patients. Independent predictors of short TTR were pTNM stage (IIIB-IIIC vs. IA-IIA) (hazard ratio [HR] = 37.55, 95% confidence interval [CI] 17.57-80.24; p , 0.001), D1 lymphadenectomy (HR = 3.14, 95% CI 1.94-5.07; p , 0.001), and male ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Recurrences determine the dynamics. AU - Robinson, Geoffrey. AU - Thiel, Marco. PY - 2009/6. Y1 - 2009/6. N2 - We show that under suitable assumptions, Poincaré recurrences of a dynamical system determine its topology in phase space. Therefore, dynamical systems with the same recurrences are dynamically equivalent. This conclusion can be drawn from a theorem proved in this paper which states that the recurrence matrix determines the topology of closed sets. The theorem states that if a set of points M is mapped onto another set N, such that two points in N are closer than some prescribed fixed distance if and only if the corresponding points in M are closer than some, in general different, prescribed fixed distance, then both sets are homeomorphic, i.e., identical up to a continuous change in the coordinate system. The theorem justifies a range of methods in nonlinear dynamics which are based on recurrence properties.. AB - We show that under suitable assumptions, Poincaré ...
The pathogenesis of Lupus Nephritis is closely related with the immune complexes placed in glomerular, so that the body will produce the autoimmune antibodies. It will placed in different places of glomerular with the blood by chemical prop
Only those that have made themselves party to the original covenants/constitutions/trust indentures - such as the Unanimous Declaration of the Thirteen united States of America; commonly called the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution for the United States of America, or one of the 34 organic state constitutions that existed in 1861 - have standing to bring a claim. The current Federal/National government does not derive its authority from the Constitution for the United States of America, the primary claim of its authority is the coerced 14th Amendment. Big brother has given the rest of the constitutional references (i.e. right to bear arms, freedom of speech, freedom of religion, due process of law, no warrantless searches) to have the appearance of the organic Union, but when eyes are open and logic, reason, and perception are employed and when ears are hearing the voice of the past; the voice of record, it is clear that it is nothing more than a shadow. This shadow is a ...
The concept of the time-dependence of the occurrence of large events on a given geologic structure emerged from the elastic rebound theory of Reid (1910). Models were developed or chosen to account for it. For the most part, those models need the long-term recurrence time, a measure of the allowed short-term variability of the recurrence time (e.g., the coefficient of variation CoV), and are applied in conjunction with the time since the last event whenever possible. Geologic estimates of the long-term have been used for a long time. CoV values, on the other hand, were first assigned usually through a logic-tree approach featuring a preferred value and one or two alternative values. Later-on a generic CoV value was determined on a global dataset (Elssworth et al 1999). It is only recently that earthquake timing data at a site have become numerous and high resolution enough to warrant data-constrained estimates of CoV. Whereas a logic-tree approach, meant to formulate epistemic uncertainties, ...
The invention provides a novel cerebral stroke recurrence inhibitor, and relates to a simple evaluation method for an cerebral stroke recurrence inhibitor. According to the simple evaluation method us
We have evaluated the performance of TOF-MRA as a predictor of recurrent stroke/TIA at 7 days in patients with TIA. We found that ,50% stenosis or occlusion of a large proximal intracranial symptomatic artery was significantly associated with recurrent stroke/TIA.. The usefulness of MRA to predict stroke recurrence after TIA has been previously reported by other investigators. Coutts et al8 found a greater risk of recurrent stroke at 90 days among 120 patients with TIA or minor stroke in the presence of an intracranial vessel occlusion on MRA. Our study confirms this finding and further suggests that both stenosis and occlusion of a symptomatic intracranial artery may have an impact on the risk of clinical recurrence. We were able to assess the influence of vascular lesion location and found that only proximal vessel lesions were associated with increased risk of early recurrence. Patients with such vascular lesions were at high (27.3%) risk of early recurrence in our study. The sensitivity of ...
Children in resource-poor settings are at risk of multiple episodes of diarrhea, enteric infections, and environmental enteropathy, an inflammatory disorder of the intestines that compromises nutrient absorption (1). In cross-sectional analyses, repeated episodes of diarrhea and chronic environmental enteropathy in early childhood are associated with reduced growth and cognitive function, and impaired school performance which can reduce income later in life (2-8). Although more evidence is needed to establish causal links, repeated episodes of childhood diarrhea and enteric infection may exact a long-run toll, perpetuating a cycle of poverty and ill health.. Infection and inadequate diet are proximate risk factors for undernutrition and early life growth faltering; the two processes likely act reciprocally in a vicious cycle that perpetuates physiologic and metabolic deficits and increases the risk of mortality. Children who exhibit growth faltering are more likely to have deficits in cognitive ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Defining the clinical course of bipolar disorder. T2 - response, remission, relapse, recurrence, and roughening.. AU - Hirschfeld, Robert Ma. AU - Calabrese, Joseph R.. AU - Frye, Mark A.. AU - Lavori, Philip W.. AU - Sachs, Gary. AU - Thase, Michael E.. AU - Wagner, Karen Dineen. PY - 2007. Y1 - 2007. N2 - This manuscript presents working definitions for key clinical course indicators for bipolar disorder, including response, remission, relapse, recurrence, and roughening. A work group of experts in bipolar disorder reviewed prior efforts to define clinical course indicators for unipolar depression and for schizophrenia. Using these efforts as templates, the work group developed consensus operational definitions. The rationale for each of the definitions was a point of time when a treatment decision needed to be made. The group defined response as a 50% reduction in a score from a standard rating scale of symptomatology from an appropriate baseline, regardless of index episode ...
Dr. Tina Ridgeway, the female neurosurgeon who is destined to hook up with the hunky neurosurgeon with nightmares (another Dr. Jekyll? See Do No Harm), presented a case at M&M conference. The patient, a chef, suffered olfactory nerve damage during a craniotomy for a meningioma. She acknowledged that she relied on the resident to obtain informed consent. This is not permitted in most hospitals. The chief of surgery then castigates her for allowing the resident to do the case. When I was a chief of surgery, I usually was faced with the opposite problem. Some of the attending staff were not letting the residents do enough ...
The Auditions: Part 2 (S02E02) is the second episode of season two of The X Factor relea... More The Auditions: Part 2 (S02E02) is the second episode of season two of The X Factor released on Sat Aug 27, 2005. The X Factor stars Simon Cowell as Simon Cowell, Louis Tomlinson as Louis Tomlinson and Nicole Scherzinger as Nicole Scherzinger. ...
Synopsis: All women with ovarian cancer deserve to understand the facts about recurrence that are relevant to their case and receive appropriate preventative care. But to the patient, her support network, and her care team, the work of dealing with an initial diagnosis and treatment is already a huge challenge. Whether they had recurred or not, patients in our discussion groups said they wish they had known more about recurrence sooner, but many were also uncertain when or how they would have preferred to receive this knowledge.. Patient voices: I did eleven months of chemo and I thought it was over. My boyfriend and I celebrated. Honest to God, nobody told me, You have to be so worried that this is gonna come back. We knew the possibility of recurrence was there, but nobody was like You really need to pay attention to your body. You really need to listen to whats going on.. It was much harder for me to deal with my first recurrence than it was to deal with the diagnosis, emotionally. ...
Large meta-analyses to support dose-intensification strategies for the treatment of breast cancer have been lacking. Study investigators performed a meta-analysis of 25 trials in which more than 34,000 patients with early-stage breast cancer were treated with some form of dose-intensification strategy. Administering patients the same drugs but for a shorter interval was shown to reduce the absolute risk for breast cancer recurrence by 4.3% at 10 years when compared with standard 3-week regimens, according to trials involving more than 10,000 women. Dose-dense regimens were also associated with 2.8% lower breast cancer-specific mortality rates at 10 years when compared with standard chemotherapy. Among more than 11,000 women, 28.1% of those treated with sequential therapy experienced disease recurrence, compared with 31.25% of those treated concurrently. Those treated sequentially had a 1.9% lower rate of 10-year mortality. Among more than 6,500 women, absolute recurrence rates at 10 years were ...
BACKGROUND: About half of patients with Crohns disease (CD) require surgery within 10 years of diagnosis. Resection of the affected segment is highly effective, however the majority of patients experience clinical recurrence after surgery. Most of these patients have asymptomatic endoscopic recurrence weeks or months before starting with symptoms. This inflammation can be detected by colonoscopy and is a good predictor of poor prognosis.Therapy guided by colonoscopy could tailor the management and improve the prognosis of postoperative CD. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of prophylactic therapy guided by colonoscopy in reducing the postoperative recurrence of CD in adults. SEARCH METHODS: The following electronic databases were searched up to 17 December 2019: MEDLINE, Embase, CENTRAL, Clinical, WHO Trial Registry and Cochrane IBD specialized register. Reference lists of included articles, as well as conference proceedings were handsearched. SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomised ...
Relapse remains a major therapeutic challenge in children with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Outcome after relapse may improve if preemptive therapy is initiated at first evidence of leukemia regrowth. Early detection of imminent relapse requires molecular measurable residual disease (MRD) monitoring after therapy completion. Today, this is possible only in about 40% of children with AML that harbor genetic abnormalities applicable for quantification using standardized qPCR assays. To enable disease surveillance for all patients, we developed patient-tailored deep sequencing (DS) MRD analysis, which provides highly sensitive detection of leukemia-specific mutations. We investigated the potential of this method for early relapse detection in peripheral blood (PB), the only easily accessible source for MRD sampling in children. PB samples were collected at monthly intervals during follow-up from 45 children diagnosed with AML and treated according to The Nordic Society of Pediatric Haematology and ...
If you have repeated episodes of SVT, an operation called catheter ablation is the recommended treatment option. This prevents further episodes of SVT by destroying the tiny parts of the heart causing the problems in the hearts electrical system.. Catheter ablation is a safe and highly effective treatment, and means you no longer need to take medication. It cures SVT in over 95% of people and is the recommended treatment worldwide.. During catheter ablation, a thin wire called a catheter is inserted into a vein in your upper leg or groin, before being guided to your heart by an electrophysiologist (a heart specialist who specialises in abnormal heartbeats and rhythms). When the wire reaches the heart, it records the electrical activity to pinpoint the precise location of the problem.. When the problem area is found, high-frequency radiowaves are transmitted to the catheter tip to destroy it, producing a small scar.. Youll remain awake during this procedure, but will be given a sedative to ...
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Question:. Good day! Very often tormented by thrush. Treatment is prescribed based on the sensitivity to antifungal preparations. poslednie - pills Rumiko, neo-penotran Foote. But after a short time everything is repeated. I understand that the problem with immunity. But how to help him to get rid of candidiasis? And what do You recommend to do and how to be treated?. Answer:. Hello, Ian! To start I would like to note that the frequent recurrence of thrush indicate too weak immune system. Your body can not resist parasitic microorganisms that easily allows them to multiply, worsening your health, causing a variety of ailments, in this case it is thrush.. Before the treatment of this disease, the doctor is obliged to appoint a comprehensive diagnosis, to identify specific risk factors, only then to find individual therapies. If not eliminate the impact of negative factors, the treatment will not give positive results. Among the causes of thrush allocate the deficiency of vitamins, minerals, ...
After a median FU of 49 months, 10% patients develop recurrent thromboembolism and all were in AF and yet again mean INR was 1.4 at the time of recurrent event. After a primary CE event, the five-year rate of recurrent CE or thromboembolism was 8.7% while the five year MACCE was 27.1%. The median time to a second episode of CE or thromboembolism was 35 months. Authors also performed a propensity score matched cohort consisting of 45 patients with CE and 45 patients without CE. Based on this analysis all-cause mortality (HR, 7.66; 95% CI, 1.65 to 35.45; p,0.001) and cardiac mortality (HR, 9.29; 95% CI, 1.13 to 76.5; p,0.001) were much higher in the CE group than in the non-CE group. Authors conclude that the prevalence of CE in patients with AMI was 2.9% and AF was the most frequent cause. Long-term outcomes indicate that CE patients represent a high-risk subpopulation of patients with AMI and therefore require close follow-up ...
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details ...
A relapse prevention program targeted to primary care patients with a high risk of relapse/recurrence who had largely recovered after antidepressant treatment significantly improved antidepressant adherence and depressive symptom outcomes.
Breast cancer can recur at the original site (called recurrence or local recurrence), as well as return and spread to other parts of the body (called metastasis or distant recurrence).
Squamous cell carcinoma us a type of head and neck caner that has a relatively low five-year survival rate and a high recurrence rate.
In people who become infected with the difficult-to-treat gut bacteria called C.diff, the infection often comes back after treatment.
Author(s): Rains, Eric M. | Abstract: In recent work (math.QA/0309252) on multivariate hypergeometric integrals, the author generalized a conjectural integral formula of van Diejen and Spiridonov to a ten parameter integral provably invariant under an action of the Weyl group E_7. In the present note, we consider the action of the affine Weyl group, or more precisely, the recurrences satisfied by special cases of the integral. These are of two flavors: linear recurrences that hold only up to dimension 6, and three families of bilinear recurrences that hold in arbitrary dimension, subject to a condition on the parameters. As a corollary, we find that a codimension one special case of the integral is a tau function for the elliptic Painlev#x27;e equation.
Printed by United States Playing Card Company. Made in USA. Recurrent dreams bring to light deep and unsettled conflicts at the confluence of the real and the imaginary in our lives. Finding the unfamiliar in the familiar and the familiar in the unfamiliar while in the arms of Morpheus serves as the inspiration for the overall impression of the Dream Recurrence deck. The decomplication of the design parallels the reveal of underlying meanings when the unnecessary details are taken away. Dream Recurrence Playing Cards continues the minimalistic and balanced composition of Dream V2 with new, bold, and aesthetically pleasing colour schemes, complete with subtle enhancements to a high contrast card back and an intricate tuck case. Dream Recurrence is an essential addition to the collection of every cardist, magic hobbyists and deck collectors.
Discover the best Recurrence Relation books and audiobooks. Learn from Recurrence Relation experts like James M. Ortega and Gerald Berman. Read Recurrence Relation books like Numerical Analysis and Introduction to Combinatorics with a free trial
These examples can be summarized by the recurrence {. n. k. }. =. k. n. k. !. −. ∑. r. =. 1. k. −. 1. {. n. r. }. (. k. −. r. ) ... and obeys the recurrence relation S. r. (. n. +. 1. ,. k. ). =. k. S. r. (. n. ,. k. ). +. (. n. r. −. 1. ). S. r. (. n. −. r. ... Some more recurrences are as follows: {. n. +. 1. k. +. 1. }. =. ∑. j. =. k. n. (. n. j. ). {. j. k. }. ,. {\displaystyle \left ... Stirling numbers of the second kind obey the recurrence relation {. n. +. 1. k. }. =. k. {. n. k. }. +. {. n. k. −. 1. }. {\ ...
Recovery and recurrence. A naturalistic study from first admission for mania or mixed episode (representing the hospitalized ... Prediction of recovery and first recurrence". The American Journal of Psychiatry. 160 (12): 2099-2107. doi:10.1176/appi.ajp. ... recognizing prodromal symptoms before full-blown recurrence, and, practicing the factors that lead to maintenance of remission. ... It is probable that recent life events and interpersonal relationships contribute to the onset and recurrence of bipolar mood ...
As a base case for the recurrence, a(0) = 1 (there is one weak ordering on zero items). Based on this recurrence, these numbers ... Recurrence and modular periodicity[edit]. As well as the formulae above, the ordered Bell numbers may be calculated by the ... recurrence relation[7][17] a. (. n. ). =. ∑. i. =. 1. n. (. n. i. ). a. (. n. −. i. ). .. {\displaystyle a(n)=\sum _{i=1}^{n}{\ ... The ordered Bell numbers may be computed via a summation formula involving binomial coefficients, or by using a recurrence ...
... and eternal recurrence[edit]. Throughout the 1880s, in his notebooks, Nietzsche developed a theory of the " ... But others, such as Paul Loeb, have argued that "Nietzsche did indeed believe in the truth of cosmological eternal recurrence." ... Here, the will to power as a potential physics is integrated with the postulated eternal recurrence. Taken literally as a ... Some scholars believe that Nietzsche used the concept of eternal recurrence metaphorically. ...
This gives a recurrence relation defining p(n) in terms of an, and vice versa a recurrence for an in terms of p(n). Thus, our ... Partition recurrence[edit]. We can rephrase the above proof, using partitions, which we denote as: n. =. λ. 1. +. λ. 2. +. ⋯. + ... The identity implies a recurrence for calculating p. (. n. ). {\displaystyle p(n)}. , the number of partitions of n: p. (. n. ) ...
Generators based on linear recurrences[edit]. In the second half of the 20th century, the standard class of algorithms used for ... In 2003, George Marsaglia introduced the family of xorshift generators,[10] again based on a linear recurrence. Such generators ... A major advance in the construction of pseudorandom generators was the introduction of techniques based on linear recurrences ... "Improved long-period generators based on linear recurrences modulo 2" (PDF). ACM Transactions on Mathematical Software. 32 (1 ...
Poincaré recurrence theorem[edit]. Main article: Poincaré recurrence theorem. The Poincaré recurrence theorem considers a ... one cannot observe the recurrence. One might wish, nevertheless, to imagine that one could wait for the Poincaré recurrence, ... The Poincaré recurrence time is the length of time elapsed until the return. It is exceedingly long, likely longer than the ... The recurrence theorem may be perceived as apparently contradicting the second law of thermodynamics. More obviously, however, ...
A recurrence relation for multiset coefficients may be given as (. (. n. k. ). ). =. (. (. n. k. −. 1. ). ). +. (. (. n. −. 1. ... The above recurrence may be interpreted as follows. Let [n] := {. 1. ,. ⋯. ,. n. }. {\displaystyle \{1,\cdots ,n\}}. be the ...
Another prime generator is defined by the recurrence relation a. n. =. a. n. −. 1. +. gcd. ⁡. (. n. ,. a. n. −. 1. ). ,. a. 1. ... so such recurrence relations are more a matter of curiosity than of any practical use. ... "A Natural Prime-Generating Recurrence", Journal of Integer Sequences, 11: 08.2.8, arXiv:0710.3217, Bibcode:2008JIntS..11...28R ... Possible formula using a recurrence relation[edit]. ...
... one extra vector can be added to the two-term recurrence relation to make it three-term: x. i. +. 1. :=. arg. ⁡. max. y. ∈. s. ... Three-term recurrence[edit]. To dramatically accelerate the convergence of the locally optimal preconditioned steepest ascent ( ...
Historic recurrence. Krystyna Tokarzówna and Stanisław Fita, Bolesław Prus, 1847-1912: Kalendarz życia i twórczości (Bolesław ...
Recurrence sequences. Mathematical Surveys and Monographs. 104. Providence, RI: American Mathematical Society. p. 140. ISBN 0- ...
Recurrence sequences. Mathematical Surveys and Monographs. 104. Providence, RI: American Mathematical Society. p. 30. ISBN 0- ...
Everest, Graham; van der Poorten, Alf; Shparlinski, Igor; Ward, Thomas (2003). Recurrence sequences. Mathematical Surveys and ...
Co-authored Recurrence Sequences with Graham Everest, Thomas Ward, and Igor Shparlinski: American Math. Society (2003) McCarthy ... van der Poorten, Alfred; Ward, Thomas; Shparlinski, Igor; Everest, Graham (2003). Recurrence Sequences. Springer Verlag. ISBN ... the integer sequences derived from recurrence relations, and transcendental numbers. Some of his significant results include ...
Everest, Graham; van der Poorten, Alf; Shparlinski, Igor; Ward, Thomas (2003). Recurrence Sequences. American Mathematical ...
Recurrence sequences. Mathematical Surveys and Monographs. 104. Providence, RI: American Mathematical Society. p. 94. ISBN 0- ...
Recurrence, Nimac. Nicosia, Cyprus. Re:Start - Braverman Gallery, Tel Aviv Changing Perspectives - Haifa Museum of Art, Haifa ...
Colin Mallows has given an explicit recurrence relation a ( 1 ) = 1 ; a ( n + 1 ) = 1 + a ( n + 1 − a ( a ( n ) ) ) {\ ... Recurrence sequences. Mathematical Surveys and Monographs. 104. Providence, RI: American Mathematical Society. pp. 10, 256. ...
Everest, Graham; van der Poorten, Alf; Shparlinski, Igor; Ward, Thomas (2003). Recurrence sequences. Mathematical Surveys and ...
ISBN 978-1-85233-917-3. van der Poorten, Alfred; Ward, Thomas; Shparlinski, Igor; Everest, Graham (2003). Recurrence Sequences ... Recurrence Sequences, American Math. Society (2003) ISBN 978-1-4704-2315-5. with Graham Everest: Heights of Polynomials and ...
It also means that the Poincaré recurrence and the full revival is mathematically the same thing and it is commonly accepted ... In quantum mechanics, the quantum revival is a periodic recurrence of the quantum wave function from its original form during ... Bocchieri, P.; Loinger, A. (1957). "Quantum Recurrence Theorem". Phys. Rev. 107 (2): 337-338. Bibcode:1957PhRv..107..337B. doi: ... proves the quantum Poincaré recurrence theorem and the time of the full quantum revival equals to the Poincaré recurrence time ...
3-80, ISBN 0-89871-388-9 Ralph P. Grimaldi (2000). "Nonhomogeneous Recurrence Relations". Section 3.3.3 of Handbook of Discrete ...
"The Wheaton Recurrence". The Big Bang Theory. Season 3. Episode 19. April 12, 2010. CBS. "The Lunar Excitation". The Big Bang ... "The Speckerman Recurrence". The Big Bang Theory. Season 5. Episode 11. December 8, 2011. CBS. "The Gothowitz Deviation". The ... In the fifth-season episode "The Speckerman Recurrence", the audience is given to believe that Penny was a bully during her ... "The Speckerman Recurrence", he has changed it into "Penny already eats our food, she can pay for Wi-Fi". In the seventh season ...
The rate of recurrence of endometriosis is estimated to be 40-50% for adults over a 5-year period. The rate of recurrence has ... Recurrence of pain was found to be 44 and 53 percent with medicinal and surgical interventions, respectively. Each approach has ... Endometriosis recurrence following conservative surgery is estimated as 21.5% at 2 years and 40-50% at 5 years. Determining how ... Guo SW (2009). "Recurrence of endometriosis and its control". Human Reproduction Update. 15 (4): 441-61. doi:10.1093/humupd/ ...
"Nonhomogeneous Recurrence Relations". Section 3.3.3 of Handbook of Discrete and Combinatorial Mathematics. Kenneth H. Rosen, ed ... is an approach to finding a particular solution to certain nonhomogeneous ordinary differential equations and recurrence ...
Munich 1977 Recurrence. Munich (inter alia) 1985 Ballads and Poems. Munich 1995 Ulrike Leuschner (2005), "Schaefer, Oda", Neue ...
Recurrence is common. It has been associated with both EWSR1-ATF1 and EWSR1-CREB1 fusion transcripts. Clear cell sarcoma of the ... When the tumor is large and there is presence of necrosis and local recurrence, the prognosis is poor. Presence of metastasis ... can be misleading because the disease is prone to late metastasis or recurrence. Ten and twenty-year survival rates are 33% and ...
2019). Repetition, Recurrence, Returns. How Cultural Renewal Works. Lanham. Wulf, Christoph (2021). Human Beings and Their ... London, 2020 (with A. Michaels). Repetition, Recurrence, Returns. How Cultural Renewal Works. Lanham, 2019 (with. J. R. Resina ...
... recurrence is likely. Ablation treatment with an Nd:YAG laser looks to be a possibility for permanent removal. Some success has ...
For a given phase in a volume, the recurrence is not necessarily a periodic recurrence. The second recurrence time does not ... "proof of Poincaré recurrence theorem 2". PlanetMath.. *^ Bocchieri, P.; Loinger, A. (1957). "Quantum Recurrence Theorem". Phys ... The Poincaré recurrence time is the length of time elapsed until the recurrence; this time may vary greatly depending on the ... This article incorporates material from Poincaré recurrence theorem on PlanetMath, which is licensed under the Creative Commons ...
Learn how different breast cancer treatments affect the chances of survival and the risk of breast cancer recurrence after ... Learn about treatment for local recurrence.. Distant recurrence (metastasis). Distant recurrence (metastasis) occurs when ... Local recurrence. Local recurrence is the return of cancer to the breast, chest wall or nearby lymph nodes after treatment. ... Mastectomy and local recurrence. With mastectomy, the best predictor of local recurrence is whether the lymph nodes in the ...
The linear recurrence of order d, a. n. =. c. 1. a. n. −. 1. +. c. 2. a. n. −. 2. +. ⋯. +. c. d. a. n. −. d. ,. {\displaystyle ... They can be computed by the recurrence relation (. n. k. ). =. (. n. −. 1. k. −. 1. ). +. (. n. −. 1. k. ). ,. {\displaystyle ... of the non-homogeneous recurrence a. n. =. ∑. i. =. 1. s. c. i. a. n. −. i. +. p. n. ,. n. ≥. n. r. ,. {\displaystyle a_{n}=\ ... In general, if a linear recurrence has the form a. n. +. k. =. λ. k. −. 1. a. n. +. k. −. 1. +. λ. k. −. 2. a. n. +. k. −. 2. + ...
Object , +--google.gdata.Recurrence class google.gdata.Recurrence Describes an RFC 2445 recurrence rule. Defined in gdata.js. ... google.gdata.Recurrence. google.gdata.Recurrence(,Object, opt_params). Constructs a recurrence rule using an object parameter ... google.gdata.Recurrence(,Object, opt_params) Constructs a recurrence rule using an object parameter whose property names match ...
Budget Suites, 2001 That spring, we live at the Budget Suites on the edge of the strip. My mother goes in to the business office […]
recurrence* A statement describing some quantity such as f(n) (where f is some function [1] and n is a positive integer) in ... The numbers in the Fibonacci series can be defined by a recurrence. In general, a recurrence can be considered as an equation ... A recurrence will then involve defining f(m,n), say, in terms of f(m′,n′) where in some sense (m′,n′) is smaller than (m,n); ... recurrence A statement describing some quantity such as f(n) (where f is some function and n is a positive integer) in terms of ...
... aimed at developing a better understanding of the breast cancer dormancy and reactivation process so that ultimately recurrence ... Stopping cancer recurrence. Article by Diane Kukich Photo by Evan Krape October 06, 2016 ... "It has been hypothesized that late recurrences originate from tumor cells that disseminate to these other tissues in the body ... Susan G. Komen grant to support research on breast cancer recurrence. Although early detection and better treatments have ...
What are the types of recurrence?. There are different types of cancer recurrence:. Local recurrence means that the cancer has ... If you have a cancer recurrence, your cancer care team can give you the best information about what type of recurrence you have ... Theres no standard length of time to decide if its recurrence or progression. But most doctors consider recurrence to be ... Distant recurrence means the cancer has come back in another part of the body, some distance from where it started (often the ...
... and the five-year risk of recurrence is 30 percent to 50 percent. Kidney stone-related hospital admissions cost $2 billion a ...
... Glaukon: What are you reading?. Admetos: William the Silent--a biography of a sixteenth century Dutch prince and ...
Logic Programming with Recurrence Domains. Technical Report 49, Department of Computer Science, SUNY at Stony Brook, Oct 1990. ... Chen H., Hsiang J. (1991) Logic programming with recurrence domains. In: Albert J.L., Monien B., Artalejo M.R. (eds) Automata, ...
A recurrence relation is given by. P(1) := 1 P(n+1) := exp(1) - (n+1)*P(n) Write a function that, given an integer n. , returns ...
Metastasis and recurrence are huge challenges for breast cancer researchers. One group believes that an existing antibiotic ... These cells are resistant to current treatments and play a significant role in both metastasis and recurrence, which are two of ... particularly as around two-thirds of cancer deaths occur due to recurrence after initial treatment." ...
... it is still difficult to predict who will experience recurrence. A new tool promises to make prediction easier. ... New tool predicts kidney stone recurrence. Written by Tim Newman on February 8, 2019. - Fact checked by Jasmin Collier ... Lieske explains, someone who has a higher risk of recurrence may have more enthusiasm for adopting dietary measures and/or ... Some people may have just one episode during their lifetime, while others could have frequent recurrences that are associated ...
In Junos Space Network Management Platform, you can view the recurrence schedule of jobs that are configured to recur at ... Viewing Job Recurrence. In Junos Space Network Management Platform, you can view the recurrence schedule of jobs that are ... The View Job Recurrence dialog box appears, displaying the start date and time, recurrence interval, and end date and time of ... Select the job for which you want to view job recurrence information and select View Recurrence from the Actions menu. ...
"The majority of AF recurrences after AF ablation are due to reconnection of pulmonary veins. Adenosine may be used during the ... Regarding the primary end point-the time to first recurrence of symptomatic ECG-documented atrial fibrillation/atrial flutter/ ... Cite this: ADVICE: Adenosine-Guided PVI Ablation Reduces Atrial Tachyarrhythmia Recurrence - Medscape - Jun 24, 2014. ...
The term "100-year flood" is used to describe the recurrence interval of floods. The 100-year recurrence interval means that a ... Floods and Recurrence Intervals. Area about 0.65 mile southwest of USGS streamflow-gaging station 08069500, West Fork of the ... The "100-year flood" is an estimate of the long-term average recurrence interval, which does not mean that we really have 100 ... Misinterpretation of terminology often leads to confusion about flood recurrence intervals. Read on to learn more. ...
Without adjuvant chemotherapy recurrence of cardiac sarcomas increases, as demonstrated in this case. Recurrence of primary ... Resection is followed by monitoring for recurrence [3]. Failure to completely remove the tumor results in recurrence within 6- ... Hyperplastic Cardiac Sarcoma Recurrence. Masood A. Shariff,1 Juan A. Abreu,2 Farida Durrani,3 Eddie Daniele,2 Kimberly C. ... A CT scan in March of 2011 revealed a 2.8 × 3.7 cm left atrial recurrence 10 weeks after completion of chemotherapy. TTE ...
The recurrence relation is an inductive definition of a function. This particular recurrence relation has a unique closed-form ... This is a recurrence relation (or simply recurrence) defining a function T(n). It simply states that the time to multiply a ... Thus we can rewrite the original recurrence as: T(n) = T((n−1)/2) + c1 + c2 for n > 1 and n odd. T(n) = T(n/2) + c2 for n > 1 ... We show T(n) = c2 log n + c4 is the solution to this recurrence using strong induction. Base case: T(1) = c4 = c2 log 1 + c4. ...
At that point, about 12 percent of Kadcyla patients had suffered a recurrence or died, versus 22 percent of Herceptin patients. ... Geyer and his colleagues reasoned that Kadcyla might be more effective than Herceptin at preventing recurrences in their early ... "This study is another step in the direction of preventing more recurrences," he said. "Its exciting." ... a newer drug that combines an antibody with chemotherapy may cut the risk of disease recurrence in half, a new trial finds. ...
Write the characteristic polynomial of the recurrence. This is found by replacing each an in the recurrence by xn and dividing ... Recognize that any recurrence of the form an = an-1 + d is an arithmetic sequence.[2] X Research source ... Recognize that any recurrence of the form an = r * an-1 is a geometric sequence. ... This is the first method capable of solving the Fibonacci sequence in the introduction, but the method solves any recurrence ...
Recurrence of Albuminuria during Pregnancy. Br Med J 1882; 2 doi: (Published 16 ...
... tumor depth as key features that predict time to death due to tumor recurrence. ... Urethral involvement has been singled out for the first time as a key factor in the risk for recurrence in women with vulvar ... The late stage at which patients present and high recurrence rates contribute to poor overall survival rates, which range from ... On the basis of literature reports, local control is notoriously poor in vulvar melanoma, with recurrence rates of 30% to 50%, ...
Jensen and Mads Melbye Recurrence of Congenital Heart Defects in Families Print ISSN: 0009-7… ... Recurrence risk ratios are referred to as relative risks of recurrence and were estimated with binominal log-linear regression ... We estimated recurrence risk ratios and population-attributable risk. Among first-degree relatives, the recurrence risk ratio ... This could reduce the potential number of recurrences and deflate recurrence risk ratio estimates. However, although prenatal ...
I have a need to know whether or not this constitutes a recurrence. I need to have a yes or no answer to be able to deal with ... Many factors can cause a rise in tumor markers other than a recurrence. Im not familiar with the norms for the markers you are ...
Types of breast cancer recurrence and how providers can help patients cope with metastatic disease. ...
12 years ago I had Exploratory surgery on my abdomen. 2 children CSections ages now 8 and 5. No future children. I had a lower area ventral hernia repaired last July have still been in pain everyday s...
specific ways to reduce the risk of HER2-positive disease recurrence. *how she helps her patients manage the fear of recurrence ... And by that I mean if Im talking to someone for the first time, rather than say, "Your risk of recurrence is 10%," what I like ... So, when we talk to our patients about breast cancer and risk of recurrence, often its very frightening to go online or to ... So, in someone who has a very low risk of recurrence, lets say a very small HER2-positive breast cancer and theyve been ...
of Birkhoff recurrence theorem for multiple commuting transformations. , known as Birkhoff Multiple Recurrence theorem. ... Birkhoff Recurrence Theorem. Let T. :. X. →. X. be a continuous. tranformation in a compact. metric space X. . Then, there ... Recurrence theorem to that invariant probability measure yields Birkhoff Recurrence theorem. ...
The transcendent "Love Arise," which opens Eternal Recurrence, was also written as an ode to a friend, Nai Palm of Hiatus ... Fittingly, Eternal Recurrence, brims with meditative affirmations that mimic cycles, planetary and otherwise. The collection of ... Yet her latest album, the entrancing and seismic Eternal Recurrence, is unlike anything shes ever recorded. The stark album, ... The stirring songs comprising Eternal Recurrence also probe an uninhibited form of expression, particularly within the warbles ...
  • As Dr. Lieske explains, someone who has a higher risk of recurrence may have more 'enthusiasm for adopting dietary measures and/or starting drug regimens to prevent future attacks. (
  • Even among overweight but not obese women, there was also a general trend toward a higher risk of recurrence and death with increasing weight. (
  • For hormone-receptor positive patients, obesity was associated with 1.31 or about 30 per cent higher risk of recurrence, the researchers found. (
  • In general, the study found that diabetics were at a higher risk of recurrence . (
  • Yet her latest album, the entrancing and seismic Eternal Recurrence , is unlike anything she's ever recorded. (
  • Right before The Expanding Flower Planet was released in 2015, Deradoorian decamped to Big Sur for a formative ten days and began crafting what would become Eternal Recurrence , out October 6, 2017 on Anticon. (
  • Fittingly, Eternal Recurrence, brims with meditative affirmations that mimic cycles, planetary and otherwise. (
  • The stirring songs comprising Eternal Recurrence also probe an uninhibited form of expression, particularly within the warbles of "Love Arise" and the watery underworld of emotion on the instrumental piece "Ausar Temple. (
  • Honoring and extending gratitude towards friends, and their individual strengths, became crucial to constructing Eternal Recurrence , as well. (
  • The transcendent "Love Arise," which opens Eternal Recurrence , was also written as an ode to a friend, Nai Palm of Hiatus Kaiyote. (
  • Yet the meditative song-in which Deradoorian sings "love's the only thing keeping me alive-also functions as a kind of underlying thesis for Eternal Recurrence , an album whose wonders unfurl further with every listen. (
  • See all of eternal recurrence , there are 4 more in this node. (
  • The Will to Power is Nietzsche's best attempt to describe the eternal recurrence, as it is basically a book of notes that were intended to evolve into his magnum opus. (
  • The first volume, The Antichrist , was finished and published before it was too late, but he planned to write many more books in a series, with the final volume entitled The Eternal Recurrence . (
  • 1063 (1886-1887) -- The law of the conservation of energy demands eternal recurrence . (
  • [3] Hypothetically, in the extreme, the concept of historic recurrence assumes the form of the Doctrine of Eternal Recurrence , which has been written about in various forms since antiquity and was described in the 19th century by Heinrich Heine [b] and Friedrich Nietzsche . (
  • Nietzsche's presentation of the eternal recurrence in Gay Science 341 is often viewed as a practical thought experiment meant to radically transform us. (
  • The eternal recurrence is presented in our "loneliest loneliness. (
  • I argue that facing the eternal recurrence from a state of profound loneliness both motivates self-transformation and contributes toward helping us succeed at that project. (
  • In fact, about half of all cancer survivors and 70 percent of young breast cancer survivors report moderate to high fear of recurrence. (
  • In a new study, a psychological intervention called Conquer Fear was shown to substantially reduce fear of recurrence immediately after the therapy as well as three and six months later. (
  • The reduction in fear of recurrence in the psychological intervention group was large enough to improve survivors' psychological and emotional wellbeing," said lead study author Jane Beith, M.D., Ph.D., a medical oncologist at the University of Sydney in Australia, who developed the Conquer Fear intervention with colleagues, including psycho-oncologist Dr. Phyllis Butow, M.P.H., Ph.D. (
  • The majority of participants were young women with breast cancer, but we expect the intervention may be appropriate for other patients who have moderate to high fear of recurrence. (
  • Researchers randomly assigned 222 survivors of stage I-III breast cancer, colorectal cancer, or melanoma who reported high fear of recurrence to either the Conquer Fear intervention or relaxation training (control group). (
  • Higher scores indicated a worse fear of recurrence. (
  • A stepped care approach could also be considered, with only those with severe fear of recurrence receiving face-to-face intervention. (
  • However, it may affect your risk of breast cancer recurrence within the breast. (
  • The term difference equation sometimes (and for the purposes of this article) refers to a specific type of recurrence relation. (
  • If you have a cancer recurrence, your cancer care team can give you the best information about what type of recurrence you have and what it means to have that type. (
  • The findings suggest that people treated for the disease should be examined regularly for early signs of recurrence. (
  • If you are disease-free with no signs of recurrence, your doctor may recommend less frequent monitoring. (
  • In many cases, the disease shows signs of recurrence and could be growing again. (
  • Although early detection and better treatments have resulted in more women with breast cancer surviving past the five-year mark, 20 percent of disease-free patients will experience a recurrence anywhere from five to 25 years later at a metastatic site - most often in the bone marrow or the lungs. (
  • Some mesothelioma survivors will experience a recurrence, or a return of their cancer after a period of it being undetectable. (
  • Of the 1,500 total men studied, those who took androgen suppressors were less likely to experience a recurrence. (
  • Patients were invited to undergo a double-blind, placebo-controlled food challenge (DBPCFC) unless the history of a possible recurrence reaction was so convincing that a challenge would be potentially dangerous. (
  • I honestly don't know which is worse the anxiety during the first breast cancer because you don't know what treatment is like, or the anxiety of a possible recurrence because you do. (
  • If these levels rise, this suggests a possible recurrence of your thyroid cancer. (
  • Everyone who's had breast cancer is at risk of recurrence (return of breast cancer). (
  • However, most people diagnosed with breast cancer will never have a breast cancer recurrence. (
  • Talk with your health care provider about your risk of breast cancer recurrence and things you can do that may lower your risk. (
  • Local recurrence is the return of cancer to the breast, chest wall or nearby lymph nodes after treatment. (
  • Distant recurrence (metastasis) occurs when cancer spreads beyond the breast and nearby lymph nodes to other organs such as the bones, liver, lungs or brain. (
  • Learn about treatment for distant recurrence (metastatic or advanced breast cancer) . (
  • Chemotherapy, hormone therapy and/or HER2-targeted therapy can lower the risk of breast cancer recurrence for people treated with lumpectomy plus radiation therapy [ 135 ]. (
  • With mastectomy, the best predictor of local recurrence is whether the lymph nodes in the underarm area (axillary lymph nodes) contain cancer. (
  • The more axillary lymph nodes with cancer, the higher the risk of recurrence tends to be [ 133 ]. (
  • When the axillary nodes don't contain cancer, the chance of local recurrence in 5 years is about 6 percent [ 133 ]. (
  • Learn more about breast cancer recurrence . (
  • In many cases, the small reduction in the cancer recurrence risk may not be worth the side effects of adjuvant treatment. (
  • There's a significant clinical need to understand the mechanism of late cancer recurrence to determine disease markers and improve treatment strategies," says the University of Delaware's April Kloxin. (
  • What is cancer recurrence? (
  • If cancer is found after treatment, and after a period of time when the cancer couldn't be detected, it's called a cancer recurrence. (
  • In either case it's a prostate cancer recurrence. (
  • Local recurrence means that the cancer has come back in the same place it first started. (
  • Regional recurrence means that the cancer has come back in the lymph nodes near the place it first started. (
  • Distant recurrence means the cancer has come back in another part of the body, some distance from where it started (often the lungs, liver, bone, or brain). (
  • But most doctors consider recurrence to be cancer that comes back after you've had no signs of it for at least a year. (
  • Learn more about cancer recurrence and living with this possibility here. (
  • Can I Do Anything to Prevent Cancer Recurrence? (
  • Many issues and questions come with cancer recurrence. (
  • Easy reading information about cancer recurrence. (
  • Dr Ang Peng Tiam explains cancer recurrence and the steps that both patients and families can take. (
  • These cells are resistant to current treatments and play a significant role in both metastasis and recurrence, which are two of the biggest challenges in cancer treatment. (
  • WEDNESDAY, Dec. 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For certain women with early stage breast cancer , a newer drug that combines an antibody with chemotherapy may cut the risk of disease recurrence in half, a new trial finds. (
  • We were surprised to find that even with relatively low thyroglobulin levels, and even when there is no sign of a tumor, about 80 percent of patients had a recurrence of their cancer within three to five years," says first author Richard T. Kloos, associate professor of internal medicine and of radiology. (
  • In addition, about 330,000 living Americans have been treated for thyroid cancer, about 20 percent of whom are likely to have a recurrence. (
  • Types of breast cancer recurrence and how providers can help patients cope with metastatic disease. (
  • In today's podcast, we're going to discuss HER2-positive breast cancer and its recurrence risk. (
  • Every person's risk of breast cancer recurrence is unique, we know that. (
  • So, when we talk to our patients about breast cancer and risk of recurrence, often it's very frightening to go online or to read about the risk of recurrence. (
  • At Moffitt Cancer Center, our oncologists can expertly treat your mesothelioma recurrence using the best possible combination of options, from chemotherapy and radiation therapy to surgery and clinical trials. (
  • Actress Jill Ireland, national crusade chairwoman of the American Cancer Society, announced Friday she has suffered a recurrence of the disease but vowed to continue to lead the crusade. (
  • Ireland, 52, underwent a mastectomy four years ago and wrote a best-selling book, "Life Wish," about her battle with cancer.Because she did not want readers of her book and thousands of other cancer victims to lose hope on hearing second-hand that she had suffered a recurrence of a malignancy, she called a news conference to confront it face-on. (
  • Among cancer survivors, the fear of disease recurrence can be so distressing that it significantly affects medical follow-up behavior, mood, relationships, work, goal setting, and quality of life. (
  • To measure any changes in fear of cancer recurrence, researchers used total scores (0 to 168) from a validated 42-item questionnaire called Fear of Cancer Recurrence Inventory or FCRI. (
  • The findings show that the total fear-of-cancer-recurrence score was reduced significantly more in the intervention group (by 18.1 points on average) than in the control group (by 7.6 points on average), immediately after the intervention. (
  • Most recurrences happen five years after breast cancer treatments, which why Moffitt Cancer Center is working to fight that battle. (
  • More specifically, women who fasted for fewer than 13 hours a night had a 36% higher risk for breast cancer recurrence , compared with those who fasted for 13 or more hours. (
  • Value of high-dose radiation therapy for isolated osseous metastasis in breast cancer in terms of oligo-recurrence," Anticancer Research , vol. 28, no. 6B, pp. 3929-3931, 2008. (
  • Home → Symptoms and Diagnosis → Types of Breast Cancer → Inflammatory Breast Cancer → Ask-the-Expert Online Conference: Inflammatory Breast Cancer (Redirect) → Repeat chemo for IBC recurrence okay? (
  • Adrenal cancer recurrence is on the minds of most survivors after they complete treatment. (
  • Many patients do not experience an adrenal cancer recurrence, but for those who do, there are a number of treatment options that can be used to target recurrent tumors. (
  • How is adrenal cancer recurrence treated? (
  • Some patients who are experiencing an adrenal cancer recurrence can also consider clinical trials , through which they can access a broad range of treatments that are not yet offered in other settings. (
  • To learn more about the individualized treatments we offer to patients with an adrenal cancer recurrence, call 1-888-663-3488 or submit a new patient registration form online. (
  • 68) Ga-PSMA-PET for radiation treatment planning in prostate cancer recurrences after surgery: Individualized medicine or new standard in salvage treatment. (
  • A total of 139 patients undergoing primary therapy for prostate cancer and 11 patients with recurrence were included. (
  • The relationship between tumor recurrence and polymorphisms of hGPX1 and NRAMP1 in superficial bladder cancer patients: a meta-analysis]. (
  • Previous studies about the relationship between tumor recurrence and NRAMP1 and HGPX1 gene polymorphism in patients with non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) showed inconsistent results. (
  • Patients with head and neck cancer typically visit the doctor every one to three months during the first year after their diagnoses to check for cancer recurrence. (
  • It's not just recurrence of breast cancer that has been linked to being overweight. (
  • It is known that dense breast tissue increases the odds of developing cancer, but whether breast density might influence recurrence has not been established. (
  • Do they suspect recurrence of breast cancer? (
  • The thought of a breast cancer recurrence sits in the back of our minds day in and day out. (
  • In this article, we'll look at some of the common symptoms of a local breast cancer recurrence and talk about what to do next. (
  • There are special support groups designed specifically for patients with breast cancer recurrence. (
  • Chalk up another health benefit tied to drinking coffee: New research out of Sweden shows the humble caffeine bean may offer some protection against breast cancer recurrences. (
  • The Lund University study found coffee inhibits the growth of tumors, cutting the risk of recurrence in breast cancer patients treated with the drug tamoxifen. (
  • Chalk up another health benefit for coffee drinkers: New research out of Sweden shows the humble caffeine bean may help prevent breast cancer recurrences. (
  • Researchers found that the rate of breast cancer recurrence among women who took tamoxifen and drank two or more cups of coffee per day was less than half that seen in those who used tamoxifen but did not drink coffee. (
  • Do statins cut breast cancer recurrence? (
  • The news is based on the findings of a large Danish study that looked for an association between the use of statins and the recurrence of breast cancer . (
  • This cohort study examined the association between statin use and breast cancer recurrence in a cohort of Danish women diagnosed with invasive breast cancer. (
  • Over the median 6.8 years of follow-up, there were 3,419 breast cancer recurrences in this cohort of 18,769 women. (
  • The adjusted recurrence risk of breast cancer among women who did not use statins was 0.302 (3,170 recurrences). (
  • Obesity seemed to carry a higher risk of breast cancer recurrence and death, even in women who were healthy at the time that they were diagnosed, and despite the fact that they received the best available chemotherapy and hormone therapy," he said. (
  • Sparano and his colleagues found that compared to women of normal weight, obese women were 40 percent more likely to have a breast cancer recurrence over the study period and 69 percent more likely to die from breast cancer or any other cause. (
  • App assesses risk for recurrence in women with early-stage breast cancer. (
  • The scientists developed their app, called the Breast Cancer Recurrence Score Estimator, using the medical records of 1,113 patients from five hospitals, including The Johns Hopkins Hospital . (
  • The risk of breast cancer recurrence was higher among women who were overweight or obese at the time of diagnosis, according to a U.S. study released Monday. (
  • When the U.S. National Cancer Institute sponsored treatment trials, researchers were able to explore if increasing body fat affects breast cancer recurrence and survival. (
  • What remains uncertain, however, is whether dietary and lifestyle interventions resulting in weight loss after a breast cancer diagnosis could substantially reduce the risk of recurrence. (
  • Researchers hope that by understanding the relationship between obesity, tumour-related factors and breast cancer subtypes, they'll be able to tell what factors contribute to recurrence and perhaps manage the disease better. (
  • Goodwin's research suggested high insulin levels accompanying obesity encourage tumour growth, and increase the likelihood of breast cancer recurrence. (
  • Scientists from the United States have made an important step toward eliminating cancer recurrence by combining immunotherapy with chemotherapy. (
  • As a result, your doctor will recommend lifelong monitoring for early detection of any potential recurrence of your thyroid cancer. (
  • Determining if you have any persistent thyroid cancer or a recurrence. (
  • If your Tg levels rise over time, this can be evidence of a thyroid cancer recurrence. (
  • Your doctor would then likely schedule an ultrasound, computerize tomography (CT), and/or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) test to look for any sites of thyroid cancer recurrence. (
  • Iodine contrast is not used because if a cancer recurrence is detected, it can delay subsequent treatment. (
  • Positron emission tomography (PET)/CT scan, especially if your thyroglobulin levels are elevated, to pinpoint any locations of cancer recurrence or spread. (
  • I don't know if I should be very much concerned of any recurrence of my cancer but I trust God to help me with my sickness. (
  • What Factors Lead to a Prostate Cancer Recurrence? (
  • Similarly, catching a recurrence before it can spread to other parts of the body increases the chances of eliminating the cancer again. (
  • In addition to obesity increasing the risk of developing prostate cancer, excess body weight is also linked to recurrence. (
  • Though there is much debate about the usefulness of routine PSA exams , rising PSA levels can indicate a recurrence of prostate cancer. (
  • New studies performed at the Princess Margaret Hospital Cancer Program, University Health Network, indicates that low oxygen levels in a prostate cancer tumor can be used to predict whether or not a recurrence is likely. (
  • A recent study indicates that men who have prostate cancer and smoke are more likely to have a recurrence . (
  • Does prostate cancer recurrence increase mortality rates? (
  • With low mortality rates among men who have prostate cancer, one must ask whether or not a recurrence increases the likelihood of death from prostate cancer. (
  • A recurrence occurs when the cancer comes back after treatment. (
  • The chance of recurrence depends on the type of primary cancer. (
  • Patients with less aggressive form of cancer benefit from standard chemotherapy treatment and have low risk for recurrence. (
  • In a new Mayo Clinic study, the concept of PSA doubling time (DT) is found to be a reliable tool to distinguish which patients have prolonged innocuous PSA levels after therapy from those who are at great risk for disease recurrence and death from prostate cancer. (
  • Estimation of radiation dosimetry for (68)Ga-HBED-CC (PSMA-11) in patients with suspected recurrence of prostate cancer. (
  • The ability of 18F-choline PET/CT to identify local recurrence of prostate cancer. (
  • Researchers at the University of Illinois have identified biomarkers that can be used to determine ovarian cancer survival and recurrence, and have shown how these biomarkers interact with each other to affect these outcomes. (
  • The high prevalence of ovarian cancer and ovarian cancer deaths in the U.S. prompted U. of I. animal sciences professor Sandra Rodriguez-Zas and doctoral researcher Kristin Delfino to search for biomarkers associated with ovarian cancer survival and recurrence. (
  • We knew that there are specific biomarkers that have been associated with ovarian cancer, but we were looking at whether we could more accurately predict survival or age at cancer recurrence considering hundreds of interacting biomarkers simultaneously," Rodriguez-Zas said. (
  • The team used data from the Cancer Genome Atlas, which contains information about ovarian cancer patients´ age, survival, cancer recurrence, treatment, tumor stage, tumor grade and genomic expression. (
  • They also found 838 target genes and 12 transcription factors associated with ovarian cancer survival and 734 target genes and eight transcription factors associated with ovarian cancer recurrence. (
  • Delfino said that a network-based approach is more predictive of ovarian cancer survival and recurrence than a single-molecule-based perspective. (
  • We took a step back and looked at everything from a network point of view instead of just individually to see how the components interacted with each other and how the biomarkers were associated with ovarian cancer survival and recurrence," Delfino said. (
  • This demonstrated that the consideration of networks of microRNAs, transcription factors, and target genes allows us to identify reliable indicators of cancer survival and recurrence and serves as the basis for effective prognostic tools," Rodriguez-Zas said. (
  • WEDNESDAY, Nov. 7 (HealthDay News) -- Adding to evidence that lifestyle affects disease progression, new research suggests that late-stage colon cancer patients face a higher risk of cancer recurrence or death if they consume a diet rich in carbohydrates. (
  • Both findings build on previous studies that observed that obesity and sedentary behavior may increase the risk of cancer recurrence and death. (
  • This could potentially make the body more susceptible to recurrence of cancer, Palesh said. (
  • TAMPA -- Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients who experienced disease recurrence half a decade after surgery received a significantly higher dose of opioids postoperatively, researchers said here. (
  • Future prospective randomized controlled trials are needed to establish causatory link between non-small cell lung cancer recurrence and increased postoperative opioid administration," his group wrote. (
  • This study found that the risk of breast cancer recurrence increased significantly in patients who had specific germ-line DNA alterations, suggesting a potential new approach to evaluation of recurrence risk. (
  • We identified 10 germline CNAs as potential prognostic factors for disease recurrence in the early-stage nonmetastatic breast cancer," Damaraju and co-authors wrote in conclusion. (
  • These germline signatures were particularly relevant to the luminal A subtype, as large numbers of breast cancer cases with luminal A tumor experience disease recurrence despite their good prognosis based on tumor characteristics. (
  • They examined flash-frozen tumor specimens from 369 breast cancer patients, 155 of whom had recurrences after a median follow-up of 6.30 years from definitive treatment. (
  • How does regular exercise affect Breast Cancer recurrence? (
  • Women with breast cancer who exercise regularly before treatment and in the years following may live longer and are less likely to experience recurrence, suggests a recent study. (
  • After adjusting for demographic and clinical variables, including cancer type, patients who had been noncompliant with radiation therapy had an increased risk of disease recurrence and inferior rates of survival without disease recurrence. (
  • Some of the increased risk of recurrence, the authors believe, may be due to tumor repopulation-that is, cancer cells that remain after a halt in treatment dividing at an accelerated rate. (
  • But for many cancer types included in the study, previous studies have suggested that tumor repopulation does not have a significant impact on tumor recurrence and survival. (
  • Missed Radiation Therapy Sessions Increase Risk of Cancer Recurrence was originally published by the National Cancer Institute. (
  • Surgery to remove tumors in breast cancer patients may cause the cancer to spread, but cheap drugs such as aspirin may be able to prevent recurrence, a new study has found. (
  • The drug was able to keep the immune system's brake on the spread of cancer cells during the recovery process, resulting in minimized recurrent tumors or no recurrence at all. (
  • Eating soyfoods can boost immune response against breast tumours and reduce recurrence, shows a study contradicting earlier claims that soyfoods are not good for women diagnosed with breast cancer. (
  • The findings tally with observations that found women who have long been consuming more than 10mg isoflavones daily at reduced risk of breast cancer recurrence, compared with women who consume less than 4mg isoflavones daily. (
  • They also had reduced risk of cancer recurrence. (
  • Diet could play a role in prostate cancer prevention and recurrence, but the truth may not be what you think. (
  • Magee-Womens Hospital of UPMC is the first hospital in the tri-state region to offer the only FDA-cleared breast cancer test assessing a woman's risk of cancer recurrence by providing a risk category and numerical score. (
  • Another 35% of the group developed regional lymph node recurrences, and almost one third of patients developed distant metastasis during follow-up as well. (
  • Distant recurrence/metastasis is recurrence that is not local and not regional. (
  • For women receiving the most up-to-date treatment, being obese increased the risk of recurrence by 24 percent and death by 37 percent. (
  • 2. The cerebral stroke recurrence inhibitor as claimed in claim 1, which is for a mammal not having ischemic heart disease as a underlying disease thereof. (
  • According to a study published in Neurology Research , herbal therapy can significantly reduce the risk of stroke recurrence in patients with small vessel disease. (
  • KiHo Cho and colleagues, from the Department of Cardiovascular and Neurologic Diseases at the Kyung-Hee University College of Oriental Medicine in Seoul, tested the herbal formula chung hyul dan (otherwise known as qing xie dan ) to determine if it could reduce the recurrence of small vessel disease stroke. (
  • One hundred forty-eight subjects with small vessel disease and a history of stroke were treated with 600 mg of chung hyul dan for two years and monitored for stroke recurrence. (
  • While some of the reported events are less common than others, they all took a toll on the women and, scientists believe, may have contributed to the recurrence of disease. (
  • Investigators identified 9,164 CNAs occurring with ≥10% frequency in samples from patients who had recurrent disease, from patients who had no recurrence, or both. (
  • Based on the PAM50 gene signature, the Prosigna assay categorizes risk of disease recurrence over a ten year period. (
  • While estrogen receptor positive tumors typically have better initial outcomes, late recurrences are a concern," she says. (
  • For instance, when used as part of a mesothelioma recurrence treatment plan, radiation therapy is primarily intended to shrink tumors to reduce pressure within the chest or abdomen. (
  • If a patient has a high risk of recurrence it can help a doctor decide if they need chemotherapy and anti-hormone medications after surgery to remove early signs of tumors. (
  • The small, retrospective study showed that women who faced physical or sexual abuse or life-threatening situations see metastatic tumors return after about 2.5 years, compared with women who have more peaceful lives, who see recurrence at about five years. (
  • New findings from researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology have revealed the immune system response that leads to the recurrence and identified anti-inflammatory medications that could stop that mechanism and prevent tumors from coming back. (
  • We estimated recurrence risk ratios and population-attributable risk. (
  • It is also a consequence of Krylov-Bogolyubov theorem, or existence of invariant probability measures theorem, which asserts that every continuous transformation in a compact metric space admits an invariant probability measure, and an application of Poincaré Recurrence theorem to that invariant probability measure yields Birkhoff Recurrence theorem. (
  • There is also a generalization of Birkhoff recurrence theorem for multiple commuting transformations, known as Birkhoff Multiple Recurrence theorem. (
  • Some simply defined recurrence relations can have very complex ( chaotic ) behaviours, and they are a part of the field of mathematics known as nonlinear analysis . (
  • Can chemotherapy for IBC be repeated when there is evidence of recurrence after one year? (
  • According to HealthCentral's Prostate Expert Dr. Jay Motola , 'rising PSA becomes the means of determining if there is any evidence of recurrence. (
  • This test can be performed even before the initial treatment, as the low oxygen levels may indicate the presence of genetic factors which contribute to recurrence. (
  • The risk of distant recurrence is the same for people who have lumpectomy plus radiation therapy and those who have mastectomy [ 135 ]. (
  • A local recurrence can occur after a mastectomy as well. (
  • With a mastectomy patient, a recurrence most often occurs in the skin or fat areas where your breast used to be. (
  • The Swedish study found that women with denser breasts had nearly twice the risk of recurrence, either in the same breast or in the surrounding lymph nodes, than women with less dense breasts. (
  • We found that if you have a PD [percentage density] at diagnosis of 25 percent or more, you have an almost twofold increased risk of local recurrence in the breast and surrounding lymph nodes than women with a PD of less than 25 percent," said Dr. Louise Eriksson and colleagues from the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm. (
  • Women who are overweight or obese when diagnosed with some breast cancers have a higher risk of dying after a recurrence compared with women of normal weight, according to a U.S. study. (
  • Please only record biochemical recurrence if the physician specifically states this recurrence in the clinical notes. (
  • Biochemical recurrence should only be recorded in the date of first recurrence detection by any method. (
  • Do not count biochemical recurrence as a local, regional, or distant recurrence unless it meets the following definitions. (
  • Geyer and his colleagues reasoned that Kadcyla might be more effective than Herceptin at preventing recurrences in their early stage patients. (
  • At that point, about 12 percent of Kadcyla patients had suffered a recurrence or died, versus 22 percent of Herceptin patients. (
  • The study also found that even when Tg levels are very low or undetectable, about 2 to 5 percent of patients still have a recurrence after three to five years. (
  • The late stage at which patients present and high recurrence rates contribute to poor overall survival rates, which range from a low of 10% to approximately 60% at 5 years, as determined from a review of the literature. (
  • Modi reported that in their own group of 37 patients, 40% developed local recurrence. (
  • However, there isn't a way to predict with any certainty which patients will have a recurrence or when it might occur. (
  • Therefore, it is beneficial for patients to carefully adhere to their physician-recommended schedules for follow-up visits, while also staying alert for any symptoms that could indicate a mesothelioma recurrence. (
  • The goals of this study were to determine the rate of peanut allergy recurrence, identify risk factors for recurrent peanut allergy, and develop specific recommendations for the treatment of patients with resolved peanut allergy. (
  • After excluding 12 patients originally diagnosed with peanut allergy based solely on a positive skin prick test or peanut-specific IgE level, 3 of 15 patients who consumed peanut infrequently or in limited amounts had recurrences, compared with no recurrences in the 23 patients who ate peanut frequently ( P = .025). (
  • Children who outgrow peanut allergy are at risk for recurrence, and this risk is significantly higher for patients who continue largely to avoid peanut after resolution of their allergy. (
  • Frequency and characteristics of isolated para-aortic lymph node recurrence in patients with uterine cervical carcinoma in Japan: a multi-institutional study," Gynecologic Oncology , vol. 103, no. 2, pp. 435-438, 2006. (
  • Until now, there has been no reliable biological way to identify which patients are at higher risk for recurrence, so these tests should greatly help [to] do so," study researcher Dr. Joseph Califano, professor of otolaryngology at Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, said in a statement . (
  • The results of a recent study conducted at the School of Public Health at the University of Illinois indicate that patients with the 'upper quartile for BMI' were eight times more likely to have prostate cancers prone to recurrence. (
  • Those with 'upper-middle' BMI had a recurrence risk of 6.5 times more likely than moderate BMI patients. (
  • Only three patients suffered another stroke (a recurrence rate of 2 percent) after two years. (
  • Furthermore, the risk of stroke recurrence among patients taking the herbal formula was lower even after just one year. (
  • Patients with PSA doubling times of one to 10 years are more likely to have a local rather than systematic recurrence, and patients with a PSA doubling time of greater than 10 years are at a low risk of recurrence. (
  • The researchers then performed statistical tests to tie these factors to patients´ survival time, measured in months from diagnosis to death, and their recurrence time, measured in months from diagnosis to recurrence. (
  • In a retrospective study among patients treated for early-stage NSCLC , recurrence occurred in 26 who received a mean dose of 232 mg of opioids in the 96 hours after surgery compared with 124 mg of opioids administered to the 73 patients in whom there was no recurrence in 5 years ( P =0.020), reported Dermot Maher, MD, from Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles, and colleagues. (
  • After analysis, researchers found that the patients who met the minimum activity guidelines both before diagnosis and after treatment had more than a 50 percent reduced risk of recurrence and mortality compared to those not meeting the guidelines at either point. (
  • Patients not doing 150 minutes of moderate activity a week prior to diagnosis, but who did two years after treatment, experienced lower risk of recurrence and mortality compared to patients not meeting the guidelines at either time. (
  • The risk of recurrence in these patients is highest in the first 12 to 18 months after surgery, but doctors have spent decades trying understand why. (
  • This study is another step in the direction of preventing more recurrences," he said. (
  • Urethral involvement has been singled out for the first time as a key factor in the risk for recurrence in women with vulvar malignant melanoma, an observational study indicates. (
  • In the study from 2011, the recurrence occurred from 96 days to 10 years after the initial shingles outbreak, but this study covered only a 12-year period. (
  • One study determined that the rate of shingles recurrence was 12 percent among people with compromised immune systems. (
  • The study shows that among the over 500 women treated with tamoxifen, those who had drunk at least two cups of coffee a day had only half the risk of recurrence of those who drank less coffee or none at all. (
  • The intervention to be evaluated is the patient response and compliance to best medical treatment and prevention of recognized stroke risk factors and the recurrence of stroke and TIA in the study group and its relation to the incidence of blood biomarkers. (
  • This prospective study found that treating pterygia with either one or two doses of bevacizumab reduces recurrence compared with autograft alone. (
  • The study was successful at predicting the risk for leukemia recurrence, judging by type of microRNAs. (
  • Mean headache response and therapeutic gain were calculated at the time point used to define recurrence in each study. (
  • For a study published Wednesday in the journal Science Translational Medicine, a team of researchers at MIT introduced tumor cells to a group of mice to investigate what might be causing tumor recurrence after surgery. (
  • Researchers found 7 microRNAs responsible for immune response and helping predict leukemia recurrence. (
  • In their analyses, the researchers did not find independent effects of variables such as age, gender, race, and socioeconomic status on recurrence and survival, once noncompliance was taken into account. (
  • A hysterectomy is usually curative because most cancers have a low risk of spreading (metastasising) to other sites which may result in a later recurrence. (
  • Some cancers have an expected pattern of recurrence. (
  • According to the simple evaluation method using stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive (SHR-SP) rats, which has been established by the present inventors, it has been confirmed that atorvastatin is effective for preventing cerebral stroke recurrence, for relieving cerebral stroke recurrence-accompanied neurologic symptoms, and for improving survival rate after onset of the stroke. (
  • Most local recurrence occurs within the first 5 years after diagnosis [ 133-134 ]. (
  • The mechanism by which recurrence occurs is not clear, and the incidence of recurrence varies with the triptan used. (
  • To learn more about treatment for a mesothelioma recurrence, or to schedule a diagnostic consultation if you are experiencing new or recurrent symptoms, schedule an appointment by calling 1-888-MOFFITT or submitting a new patient registration form online. (
  • other times, a recurrence can cause different complications or no symptoms at all. (
  • Lumps and thickening are not the only symptoms of recurrence. (
  • Your doctor may tell you to watch for specific signs or symptoms of recurrence. (
  • New testing, including urinary PSA tests , could contribute to the early detection of recurrences. (
  • Local recurrence is defined as recurrence in the prostate or prostate bed. (
  • Elevations in prostate-specific antigen (PSA) after treatment with radiation or surgery can indicate the presence of PCa recurrence. (
  • In physics , the Poincaré recurrence theorem states that certain systems will, after a sufficiently long but finite time, return to a state arbitrarily close to (for continuous state systems), or exactly the same as (for discrete state systems), their initial state. (
  • Systems to which the Poincaré recurrence theorem applies are called conservative systems . (
  • known as Birkhoff Multiple Recurrence theorem. (
  • The invention provides a novel cerebral stroke recurrence inhibitor, and relates to a simple evaluation method for an cerebral stroke recurrence inhibitor. (
  • Accordingly, atorvastatin is useful as an cerebral stroke recurrence inhibitor. (
  • 1. An cerebral stroke recurrence inhibitor comprising atorvastatin or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof as an active ingredient. (
  • 3. The cerebral stroke recurrence inhibitor as claimed in claim 1 or 2, which is for a hypertensive mammal. (
  • 7. A method of evaluating the cerebral stroke recurrence inhibitory effect of a test substance, which comprises administering a test substance to a stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rat that has had an cerebral stroke attack, followed by checking the rat for the body weight change and/or the neurologic symptom change thereof for the index of the effect of the test substance. (
  • 8. A method of evaluating the cerebral stroke recurrence inhibitory effect of a test substance, which comprises administering a test substance to a stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rat that has had an cerebral stroke attack, followed by scoring the degree of the body weight change of the rat. (
  • 9. A method of evaluating the cerebral stroke recurrence-accompanied neurologic symptom-relieving effect of a test substance, which comprises administering a test substance to a stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rat that has had an cerebral stroke attack. (
  • By comparison, among the control subjects treated with medication alone for two years, 17 had a stroke recurrence (a recurrence rate of 8.2 percent). (
  • We calculated the inhibitory rate of chung hyul dan on stroke recurrence using multiple logistic regressions. (
  • One year of chung hyul dan medication reduced the OR [odds ratio] of stroke recurrence by 77% compared to the control. (
  • They concluded, "Considering that the inhibitory rate of chung hyul dan on stroke recurrence was much higher than that of the conventional agents, we suggest that chung hyul dan may be useful for inhibition of stroke recurrence. (
  • This systematic review sought to evaluate the efficacy of beta-blockers for preventing stroke recurrence and for reducing death and major vascular events in people with a previous stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA), and to determine their safety. (
  • In Junos Space Network Management Platform, you can view the recurrence schedule of jobs that are configured to recur at regular intervals. (
  • The recurrence time depends on the required degree of closeness (the size of the phase volume). (
  • The risk of local recurrence depends on tumor characteristics such as hormone receptor status and HER2 status . (
  • In contrast to the heuristic approach of the recurrence quantification analysis, which depends on the choice of the embedding parameters, some dynamical invariants as correlation dimension, K2 entropy or mutual information, which are independent on the embedding, can also be derived from recurrence plots. (
  • Learn about treatment for local recurrence . (
  • For women who have lumpectomy plus radiation therapy, the chance of local recurrence in 10 years is about 3-15 percent [ 136-137 ]. (
  • These women need aggressive, long-term follow-up," Modi cautioned, "as the high local recurrence rate of vulvar malignant melanoma is associated with a high mortality rate," he added. (
  • On the basis of literature reports, local control is notoriously poor in vulvar melanoma, with recurrence rates of 30% to 50%, compared to only 3% in cutaneous melanomas. (
  • Perhaps women with dense breasts should be followed more frequently or for a longer period of time in order to quickly spot any local recurrence. (
  • Date of local recurrence should be the date of this biopsy. (
  • However, there is a need to support at least non-Gregorian recurrence patterns to cover anniversaries, and many local, religious, or civil holidays based on non-Gregorian dates. (
  • If you have a recurrence, you'll need more treatment. (
  • Treatment, however, tends to be different for a mesothelioma recurrence - especially if a patient already had a more extensive surgery, such as an extrapleural pneumonectomy, during their first round of treatment. (
  • Just as the initial treatment decisions are a balance of pros and cons, so is treating- or not treating- a recurrence. (
  • Treatment strategies aimed at interfering with hormonal changes and inflammation caused by obesity may help reduce the risk of recurrence,' Sparano said in a release. (
  • After initial treatment, the PSA levels should return to normal levels, but a rise in PSA could indicate a recurrence. (
  • Triptan use is associated with headache recurrence, and this has been cited as an important reason for patient dissatisfaction with the treatment. (
  • For a given phase in a volume, the recurrence is not necessarily a periodic recurrence. (
  • Consider the celebrated Lyness recurrence $ x_{n+2}=(a+x_{n+1})/x_{n}$ with $a\in\mathbb{Q}$. First we prove that there exist initial conditions and values of $a$ for which it generates periodic sequences of rational numbers with prime periods $1,2,3,5,6,7,8,9,10$ or $12$ and that these are the only periods that rational sequences $\{x_n\}_n$ can have. (
  • 1987) introduced recurrence plots, which provide a way to visualize the periodic nature of a trajectory through a phase space. (
  • Migraine Headache Recurrence: Relationship to Clinical, Pharmacol. (
  • In order to explore the pharmacological and physiological interaction of triptans and migraine headache recurrence further, some specific clinical, pharmacological, and pharmacokinetic factors that might influence migraine recurrence were evaluated in a review of the major efficacy data for the drugs in the triptan class. (
  • The mean recurrence rate, mean headache response, and therapeutic gain were calculated using the results from the individual clinical studies. (
  • Importantly, it also was demonstrated that initial clinical efficacy was not correlated to headache recurrence. (
  • Migraine recurrence does not appear to be related to initial clinical efficacy, but is influenced by the pharmacological and pharmacokinetic properties of the individual triptans. (
  • The object was to determine the recurrence rate of gestational diabetes mellitus and to find various risk factors that might increase this rate. (
  • or = 15 pounds) between pregnancies appear to be the most significant risk factors for a recurrence of gestational diabetes mellitus. (