The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.
The local recurrence of a neoplasm following treatment. It arises from microscopic cells of the original neoplasm that have escaped therapeutic intervention and later become clinically visible at the original site.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.
Methods which attempt to express in replicable terms the extent of the neoplasm in the patient.
Period after successful treatment in which there is no appearance of the symptoms or effects of the disease.
Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
The treatment of a disease or condition by several different means simultaneously or sequentially. Chemoimmunotherapy, RADIOIMMUNOTHERAPY, chemoradiotherapy, cryochemotherapy, and SALVAGE THERAPY are seen most frequently, but their combinations with each other and surgery are also used.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
The proportion of survivors in a group, e.g., of patients, studied and followed over a period, or the proportion of persons in a specified group alive at the beginning of a time interval who survive to the end of the interval. It is often studied using life table methods.
Tumors or cancer of the LIVER.
Molecular products metabolized and secreted by neoplastic tissue and characterized biochemically in cells or body fluids. They are indicators of tumor stage and grade as well as useful for monitoring responses to treatment and predicting recurrence. Many chemical groups are represented including hormones, antigens, amino and nucleic acids, enzymes, polyamines, and specific cell membrane proteins and lipids.
A class of statistical procedures for estimating the survival function (function of time, starting with a population 100% well at a given time and providing the percentage of the population still well at later times). The survival analysis is then used for making inferences about the effects of treatments, prognostic factors, exposures, and other covariates on the function.
Transfer of a neoplasm from its primary site to lymph nodes or to distant parts of the body by way of the lymphatic system.
A nonparametric method of compiling LIFE TABLES or survival tables. It combines calculated probabilities of survival and estimates to allow for observations occurring beyond a measurement threshold, which are assumed to occur randomly. Time intervals are defined as ending each time an event occurs and are therefore unequal. (From Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1995)
A primary malignant neoplasm of epithelial liver cells. It ranges from a well-differentiated tumor with EPITHELIAL CELLS indistinguishable from normal HEPATOCYTES to a poorly differentiated neoplasm. The cells may be uniform or markedly pleomorphic, or form GIANT CELLS. Several classification schemes have been suggested.
Removal of tissue with electrical current delivered via electrodes positioned at the distal end of a catheter. Energy sources are commonly direct current (DC-shock) or alternating current at radiofrequencies (usually 750 kHz). The technique is used most often to ablate the AV junction and/or accessory pathways in order to interrupt AV conduction and produce AV block in the treatment of various tachyarrhythmias.
Drug therapy given to augment or stimulate some other form of treatment such as surgery or radiation therapy. Adjuvant chemotherapy is commonly used in the therapy of cancer and can be administered before or after the primary treatment.
Radiotherapy given to augment some other form of treatment such as surgery or chemotherapy. Adjuvant radiotherapy is commonly used in the therapy of cancer and can be administered before or after the primary treatment.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
The transference of a part of or an entire liver from one human or animal to another.
Statistical models used in survival analysis that assert that the effect of the study factors on the hazard rate in the study population is multiplicative and does not change over time.
Tumors or cancer of the RECTUM.
Removal of only enough breast tissue to ensure that the margins of the resected surgical specimen are free of tumor.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.
Complete or partial surgical removal of the prostate. Three primary approaches are commonly employed: suprapubic - removal through an incision above the pubis and through the urinary bladder; retropubic - as for suprapubic but without entering the urinary bladder; and transurethral (TRANSURETHRAL RESECTION OF PROSTATE).
Tumors or cancer of the URINARY BLADDER.
Ability of neoplasms to infiltrate and actively destroy surrounding tissue.
The transfer of a neoplasm from one organ or part of the body to another remote from the primary site.
A scraping, usually of the interior of a cavity or tract, for removal of new growth or other abnormal tissue, or to obtain material for tissue diagnosis. It is performed with a curet (curette), a spoon-shaped instrument designed for that purpose. (From Stedman, 25th ed & Dorland, 27th ed)
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
Excision of all or part of the liver. (Dorland, 28th ed)
The local implantation of tumor cells by contamination of instruments and surgical equipment during and after surgical resection, resulting in local growth of the cells and tumor formation.
A malignant epithelial tumor with a glandular organization.
Any woven or knit material of open texture used in surgery for the repair, reconstruction, or substitution of tissue. The mesh is usually a synthetic fabric made of various polymers. It is occasionally made of metal.
Abnormal cardiac rhythm that is characterized by rapid, uncoordinated firing of electrical impulses in the upper chambers of the heart (HEART ATRIA). In such case, blood cannot be effectively pumped into the lower chambers of the heart (HEART VENTRICLES). It is caused by abnormal impulse generation.
Tumors or cancer located in bone tissue or specific BONES.
Tumors or cancer of the PROSTATE.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
A repeat operation for the same condition in the same patient due to disease progression or recurrence, or as followup to failed previous surgery.
Surgical procedure to remove one or both breasts.
Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.
A connective tissue neoplasm formed by proliferation of mesodermal cells; it is usually highly malignant.
Surgical excision of one or more lymph nodes. Its most common use is in cancer surgery. (From Dorland, 28th ed, p966)
Neoplasms of whatever cell type or origin, occurring in the extraskeletal connective tissue framework of the body including the organs of locomotion and their various component structures, such as nerves, blood vessels, lymphatics, etc.
The worsening of a disease over time. This concept is most often used for chronic and incurable diseases where the stage of the disease is an important determinant of therapy and prognosis.
A carcinoma derived from stratified SQUAMOUS EPITHELIAL CELLS. It may also occur in sites where glandular or columnar epithelium is normally present. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
The use of freezing as a special surgical technique to destroy or excise tissue.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
A procedure in which a laparoscope (LAPAROSCOPES) is inserted through a small incision near the navel to examine the abdominal and pelvic organs in the PERITONEAL CAVITY. If appropriate, biopsy or surgery can be performed during laparoscopy.
Methods which attempt to express in replicable terms the level of CELL DIFFERENTIATION in neoplasms as increasing ANAPLASIA correlates with the aggressiveness of the neoplasm.
A glycoprotein that is a kallikrein-like serine proteinase and an esterase, produced by epithelial cells of both normal and malignant prostate tissue. It is an important marker for the diagnosis of prostate cancer.
An abdominal hernia with an external bulge in the GROIN region. It can be classified by the location of herniation. Indirect inguinal hernias occur through the internal inguinal ring. Direct inguinal hernias occur through defects in the ABDOMINAL WALL (transversalis fascia) in Hesselbach's triangle. The former type is commonly seen in children and young adults; the latter in adults.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
Tumors or cancer of the COLON or the RECTUM or both. Risk factors for colorectal cancer include chronic ULCERATIVE COLITIS; FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI; exposure to ASBESTOS; and irradiation of the CERVIX UTERI.
A malignant neoplasm made up of epithelial cells tending to infiltrate the surrounding tissues and give rise to metastases. It is a histological type of neoplasm but is often wrongly used as a synonym for "cancer." (From Dorland, 27th ed)
Tumors or cancer of the pelvic region.
Neoplasms of the intracranial components of the central nervous system, including the cerebral hemispheres, basal ganglia, hypothalamus, thalamus, brain stem, and cerebellum. Brain neoplasms are subdivided into primary (originating from brain tissue) and secondary (i.e., metastatic) forms. Primary neoplasms are subdivided into benign and malignant forms. In general, brain tumors may also be classified by age of onset, histologic type, or presenting location in the brain.
The use of two or more chemicals simultaneously or sequentially in the drug therapy of neoplasms. The drugs need not be in the same dosage form.
A malignant neoplasm derived from TRANSITIONAL EPITHELIAL CELLS, occurring chiefly in the URINARY BLADDER; URETERS; or RENAL PELVIS.
A bone tumor composed of cellular spindle-cell stroma containing scattered multinucleated giant cells resembling osteoclasts. The tumors range from benign to frankly malignant lesions. The tumor occurs most frequently in an end of a long tubular bone in young adults. (From Dorland, 27th ed; Stedman, 25th ed)
Tumors or cancer of the LUNG.
An abnormal triangular fold of membrane in the interpalpebral fissure, extending from the conjunctiva to the cornea, being immovably united to the cornea at its apex, firmly attached to the sclera throughout its middle portion, and merged with the conjunctiva at its base. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Cytoplasmic proteins that bind estrogens and migrate to the nucleus where they regulate DNA transcription. Evaluation of the state of estrogen receptors in breast cancer patients has become clinically important.
An invasive (infiltrating) CARCINOMA of the mammary ductal system (MAMMARY GLANDS) in the human BREAST.
Removal and pathologic examination of specimens in the form of small pieces of tissue from the living body.
The veins that return the oxygenated blood from the lungs to the left atrium of the heart.
The period following a surgical operation.
One of the SELECTIVE ESTROGEN RECEPTOR MODULATORS with tissue-specific activities. Tamoxifen acts as an anti-estrogen (inhibiting agent) in the mammary tissue, but as an estrogen (stimulating agent) in cholesterol metabolism, bone density, and cell proliferation in the ENDOMETRIUM.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
Used for excision of the urinary bladder.
A benign epithelial tumor with a glandular organization.
Tumors or cancer of the SKIN.
Surgery performed on the digestive system or its parts.
They are oval or bean shaped bodies (1 - 30 mm in diameter) located along the lymphatic system.
Antineoplastic agents that are used to treat hormone-sensitive tumors. Hormone-sensitive tumors may be hormone-dependent, hormone-responsive, or both. A hormone-dependent tumor regresses on removal of the hormonal stimulus, by surgery or pharmacological block. Hormone-responsive tumors may regress when pharmacologic amounts of hormones are administered regardless of whether previous signs of hormone sensitivity were observed. The major hormone-responsive cancers include carcinomas of the breast, prostate, and endometrium; lymphomas; and certain leukemias. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual 1994, p2079)
A measure of the quality of health care by assessment of unsuccessful results of management and procedures used in combating disease, in individual cases or series.
The instillation or other administration of drugs into the bladder, usually to treat local disease, including neoplasms.
A noninvasive (noninfiltrating) carcinoma of the breast characterized by a proliferation of malignant epithelial cells confined to the mammary ducts or lobules, without light-microscopy evidence of invasion through the basement membrane into the surrounding stroma.
The use of IONIZING RADIATION to treat malignant NEOPLASMS and some benign conditions.
A collective term for interstitial, intracavity, and surface radiotherapy. It uses small sealed or partly-sealed sources that may be placed on or near the body surface or within a natural body cavity or implanted directly into the tissues.
The total amount of radiation absorbed by tissues as a result of radiotherapy.
A childhood counterpart of abdominal or extra-abdominal desmoid tumors, characterized by firm subcutaneous nodules that grow rapidly in any part of the body but do not metastasize. The adult form of abdominal fibromatosis is FIBROMATOSIS, ABDOMINAL. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Benign and malignant neoplastic processes that arise from or secondarily involve the meningeal coverings of the brain and spinal cord.
A CELL CYCLE and tumor growth marker which can be readily detected using IMMUNOCYTOCHEMISTRY methods. Ki-67 is a nuclear antigen present only in the nuclei of cycling cells.
Care given during the period prior to undergoing surgery when psychological and physical preparations are made according to the special needs of the individual patient. This period spans the time between admission to the hospital to the time the surgery begins. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.
Skin breakdown or ulceration caused by VARICOSE VEINS in which there is too much hydrostatic pressure in the superficial venous system of the leg. Venous hypertension leads to increased pressure in the capillary bed, transudation of fluid and proteins into the interstitial space, altering blood flow and supply of nutrients to the skin and subcutaneous tissues, and eventual ulceration.
Preliminary cancer therapy (chemotherapy, radiation therapy, hormone/endocrine therapy, immunotherapy, hyperthermia, etc.) that precedes a necessary second modality of treatment.
Procedures of applying ENDOSCOPES for disease diagnosis and treatment. Endoscopy involves passing an optical instrument through a small incision in the skin i.e., percutaneous; or through a natural orifice and along natural body pathways such as the digestive tract; and/or through an incision in the wall of a tubular structure or organ, i.e. transluminal, to examine or perform surgery on the interior parts of the body.
Soft tissue tumors or cancer arising from the mucosal surfaces of the LIP; oral cavity; PHARYNX; LARYNX; and cervical esophagus. Other sites included are the NOSE and PARANASAL SINUSES; SALIVARY GLANDS; THYROID GLAND and PARATHYROID GLANDS; and MELANOMA and non-melanoma skin cancers of the head and neck. (from Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 4th ed, p1651)
A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.
Excision of the whole (total gastrectomy) or part (subtotal gastrectomy, partial gastrectomy, gastric resection) of the stomach. (Dorland, 28th ed)
A relatively common neoplasm of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that arises from arachnoidal cells. The majority are well differentiated vascular tumors which grow slowly and have a low potential to be invasive, although malignant subtypes occur. Meningiomas have a predilection to arise from the parasagittal region, cerebral convexity, sphenoidal ridge, olfactory groove, and SPINAL CANAL. (From DeVita et al., Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology, 5th ed, pp2056-7)
Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the urinary bladder.
The outer margins of the thorax containing SKIN, deep FASCIA; THORACIC VERTEBRAE; RIBS; STERNUM; and MUSCLES.
The study of chance processes or the relative frequency characterizing a chance process.
Surgical removal of the thyroid gland. (Dorland, 28th ed)
A therapeutic approach, involving chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or surgery, after initial regimens have failed to lead to improvement in a patient's condition. Salvage therapy is most often used for neoplastic diseases.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
The period of care beginning when the patient is removed from surgery and aimed at meeting the patient's psychological and physical needs directly after surgery. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
An imaging technique using compounds labelled with short-lived positron-emitting radionuclides (such as carbon-11, nitrogen-13, oxygen-15 and fluorine-18) to measure cell metabolism. It has been useful in study of soft tissues such as CANCER; CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM; and brain. SINGLE-PHOTON EMISSION-COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY is closely related to positron emission tomography, but uses isotopes with longer half-lives and resolution is lower.
Remnant of a tumor or cancer after primary, potentially curative therapy. (Dr. Daniel Masys, written communication)
A malignant neoplasm characterized by the formation of numerous, irregular, finger-like projections of fibrous stroma that is covered with a surface layer of neoplastic epithelial cells. (Stedman, 25th ed)
The application of probability and statistical methods to calculate the risk of occurrence of any event, such as onset of illness, recurrent disease, hospitalization, disability, or death. It may include calculation of the anticipated money costs of such events and of the premiums necessary to provide for payment of such costs.
Specific proteins found in or on cells of progesterone target tissues that specifically combine with progesterone. The cytosol progesterone-receptor complex then associates with the nucleic acids to initiate protein synthesis. There are two kinds of progesterone receptors, A and B. Both are induced by estrogen and have short half-lives.
An electrical current applied to the HEART to terminate a disturbance of its rhythm, ARRHYTHMIAS, CARDIAC. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Graphical representation of a statistical model containing scales for calculating the prognostic weight of a value for each individual variable. Nomograms are instruments that can be used to predict outcomes using specific clinical parameters. They use ALGORITHMS that incorporate several variables to calculate the predicted probability that a patient will achieve a particular clinical endpoint.
A slowly growing malignant neoplasm derived from cartilage cells, occurring most frequently in pelvic bones or near the ends of long bones, in middle-aged and old people. Most chondrosarcomas arise de novo, but some may develop in a preexisting benign cartilaginous lesion or in patients with ENCHONDROMATOSIS. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
A sarcoma originating in bone-forming cells, affecting the ends of long bones. It is the most common and most malignant of sarcomas of the bones, and occurs chiefly among 10- to 25-year-old youths. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
Tumors or cancer of the STOMACH.
Substances that inhibit or prevent the proliferation of NEOPLASMS.
Tumors or cancer of the THYROID GLAND.
Dissection in the neck to remove all disease tissues including cervical LYMPH NODES and to leave an adequate margin of normal tissue. This type of surgery is usually used in tumors or cervical metastases in the head and neck. The prototype of neck dissection is the radical neck dissection described by Crile in 1906.
A glycoprotein that is secreted into the luminal surface of the epithelia in the gastrointestinal tract. It is found in the feces and pancreaticobiliary secretions and is used to monitor the response to colon cancer treatment.
A hernia caused by weakness of the anterior ABDOMINAL WALL due to midline defects, previous incisions, or increased intra-abdominal pressure. Ventral hernias include UMBILICAL HERNIA, incisional, epigastric, and spigelian hernias.
A surgical technique used primarily in the treatment of skin neoplasms, especially basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin. This procedure is a microscopically controlled excision of cutaneous tumors either after fixation in vivo or after freezing the tissue. Serial examinations of fresh tissue specimens are most frequently done.
A malignant neoplasm derived from cells that are capable of forming melanin, which may occur in the skin of any part of the body, in the eye, or, rarely, in the mucous membranes of the genitalia, anus, oral cavity, or other sites. It occurs mostly in adults and may originate de novo or from a pigmented nevus or malignant lentigo. Melanomas frequently metastasize widely, and the regional lymph nodes, liver, lungs, and brain are likely to be involved. The incidence of malignant skin melanomas is rising rapidly in all parts of the world. (Stedman, 25th ed; from Rook et al., Textbook of Dermatology, 4th ed, p2445)
Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in neoplastic tissue.
Abnormal growths of tissue that follow a previous neoplasm but are not metastases of the latter. The second neoplasm may have the same or different histological type and can occur in the same or different organs as the previous neoplasm but in all cases arises from an independent oncogenic event. The development of the second neoplasm may or may not be related to the treatment for the previous neoplasm since genetic risk or predisposing factors may actually be the cause.
Tumors or cancer of the COLON.
Excision of a portion of the colon or of the whole colon. (Dorland, 28th ed)
A lesion with cytological characteristics associated with invasive carcinoma but the tumor cells are confined to the epithelium of origin, without invasion of the basement membrane.
Endoscopic surgery of the pleural cavity performed with visualization via video transmission.
Enlarged and tortuous VEINS.
Tongues of skin and subcutaneous tissue, sometimes including muscle, cut away from the underlying parts but often still attached at one end. They retain their own microvasculature which is also transferred to the new site. They are often used in plastic surgery for filling a defect in a neighboring region.
Procedures used to reconstruct, restore, or improve defective, damaged, or missing structures.
Cancers or tumors of the LARYNX or any of its parts: the GLOTTIS; EPIGLOTTIS; LARYNGEAL CARTILAGES; LARYNGEAL MUSCLES; and VOCAL CORDS.
Agents used for the treatment or prevention of cardiac arrhythmias. They may affect the polarization-repolarization phase of the action potential, its excitability or refractoriness, or impulse conduction or membrane responsiveness within cardiac fibers. Anti-arrhythmia agents are often classed into four main groups according to their mechanism of action: sodium channel blockade, beta-adrenergic blockade, repolarization prolongation, or calcium channel blockade.
An accumulation of air or gas in the PLEURAL CAVITY, which may occur spontaneously or as a result of trauma or a pathological process. The gas may also be introduced deliberately during PNEUMOTHORAX, ARTIFICIAL.
The compound is given by intravenous injection to do POSITRON-EMISSION TOMOGRAPHY for the assessment of cerebral and myocardial glucose metabolism in various physiological or pathological states including stroke and myocardial ischemia. It is also employed for the detection of malignant tumors including those of the brain, liver, and thyroid gland. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1162)
The removal of fluids or discharges from the body, such as from a wound, sore, or cavity.
Area of the human body underneath the SHOULDER JOINT, also known as the armpit or underarm.
A cell surface protein-tyrosine kinase receptor that is overexpressed in a variety of ADENOCARCINOMAS. It has extensive homology to and heterodimerizes with the EGF RECEPTOR, the ERBB-3 RECEPTOR, and the ERBB-4 RECEPTOR. Activation of the erbB-2 receptor occurs through heterodimer formation with a ligand-bound erbB receptor family member.
The excision of lung tissue including partial or total lung lobectomy.
A tumor composed of spindle cells with a rich vascular network, which apparently arises from pericytes, cells of smooth muscle origin that lie around small vessels. Benign and malignant hemangiopericytomas exist, and the rarity of these lesions has led to considerable confusion in distinguishing between benign and malignant variants. (From Dorland, 27th ed; DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, p1364)
Surgical procedures undertaken to repair abnormal openings through which tissue or parts of organs can protrude or are already protruding.
The first alpha-globulins to appear in mammalian sera during FETAL DEVELOPMENT and the dominant serum proteins in early embryonic life.
Tumors or cancer located in muscle tissue or specific muscles. They are differentiated from NEOPLASMS, MUSCLE TISSUE which are neoplasms composed of skeletal, cardiac, or smooth muscle tissue, such as MYOSARCOMA or LEIOMYOMA.
Tumors or cancer of the CONJUNCTIVA.
Removal and examination of tissue obtained through a transdermal needle inserted into the specific region, organ, or tissue being analyzed.
Death resulting from the presence of a disease in an individual, as shown by a single case report or a limited number of patients. This should be differentiated from DEATH, the physiological cessation of life and from MORTALITY, an epidemiological or statistical concept.
Treatment that combines chemotherapy with radiotherapy.
Excision of the uterus.
Compounds that are used in medicine as sources of radiation for radiotherapy and for diagnostic purposes. They have numerous uses in research and industry. (Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1161)
A method of hemostasis utilizing various agents such as Gelfoam, silastic, metal, glass, or plastic pellets, autologous clot, fat, and muscle as emboli. It has been used in the treatment of spinal cord and INTRACRANIAL ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATIONS, renal arteriovenous fistulas, gastrointestinal bleeding, epistaxis, hypersplenism, certain highly vascular tumors, traumatic rupture of blood vessels, and control of operative hemorrhage.
A form of therapy consisting in the local or general use of cold. The selective destruction of tissue by extreme cold or freezing is CRYOSURGERY. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A pyrimidine analog that is an antineoplastic antimetabolite. It interferes with DNA synthesis by blocking the THYMIDYLATE SYNTHETASE conversion of deoxyuridylic acid to thymidylic acid.
Administration of antineoplastic agents together with an embolizing vehicle. This allows slow release of the agent as well as obstruction of the blood supply to the neoplasm.
A malignant tumor derived from primitive or embryonal lipoblastic cells. It may be composed of well-differentiated fat cells or may be dedifferentiated: myxoid (LIPOSARCOMA, MYXOID), round-celled, or pleomorphic, usually in association with a rich network of capillaries. Recurrences are common and dedifferentiated liposarcomas metastasize to the lungs or serosal surfaces. (From Dorland, 27th ed; Stedman, 25th ed)
Techniques for securing together the edges of a wound, with loops of thread or similar materials (SUTURES).
The chambers of the heart, to which the BLOOD returns from the circulation.
Methods to induce and measure electrical activities at specific sites in the heart to diagnose and treat problems with the heart's electrical system.
Surgery performed on the nervous system or its parts.
Tumors of cancer of the EYELIDS.
Removal of tissue by vaporization, abrasion, or destruction. Methods used include heating tissue by hot liquids or microwave thermal heating, freezing (CRYOABLATION), chemical ablation, and photoablation with LASERS.
Therapy with two or more separate preparations given for a combined effect.
Combined chemotherapy and radiotherapy given to augment some other form of treatment such as surgery. It is commonly used in the therapy of cancer.
A mucosal tumor of the urinary bladder or nasal cavity in which proliferating epithelium is invaginated beneath the surface and is more smoothly rounded than in other papillomas. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Propylene or propene polymers. Thermoplastics that can be extruded into fibers, films or solid forms. They are used as a copolymer in plastics, especially polyethylene. The fibers are used for fabrics, filters and surgical sutures.
Criteria and standards used for the determination of the appropriateness of the inclusion of patients with specific conditions in proposed treatment plans and the criteria used for the inclusion of subjects in various clinical trials and other research protocols.
A malignant tumor arising from the embryonic remains of the notochord. It is also called chordocarcinoma, chordoepithelioma, and notochordoma. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Time schedule for administration of a drug in order to achieve optimum effectiveness and convenience.
A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.
The body region between (and flanking) the SACRUM and COCCYX.
The hairs which project from the edges of the EYELIDS.
Rapid, irregular atrial contractions caused by a block of electrical impulse conduction in the right atrium and a reentrant wave front traveling up the inter-atrial septum and down the right atrial free wall or vice versa. Unlike ATRIAL FIBRILLATION which is caused by abnormal impulse generation, typical atrial flutter is caused by abnormal impulse conduction. As in atrial fibrillation, patients with atrial flutter cannot effectively pump blood into the lower chambers of the heart (HEART VENTRICLES).
The total amount (cell number, weight, size or volume) of tumor cells or tissue in the body.
Works about pre-planned studies of the safety, efficacy, or optimum dosage schedule (if appropriate) of one or more diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques selected according to predetermined criteria of eligibility and observed for predefined evidence of favorable and unfavorable effects. This concept includes clinical trials conducted both in the U.S. and in other countries.
Procedures using an electrically heated wire or scalpel to treat hemorrhage (e.g., bleeding ulcers) and to ablate tumors, mucosal lesions, and refractory arrhythmias. It is different from ELECTROSURGERY which is used more for cutting tissue than destroying and in which the patient is part of the electric circuit.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
Tumors or cancer of the OVARY. These neoplasms can be benign or malignant. They are classified according to the tissue of origin, such as the surface EPITHELIUM, the stromal endocrine cells, and the totipotent GERM CELLS.
The determination of the pattern of genes expressed at the level of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION, under specific circumstances or in a specific cell.
A infiltrating (invasive) breast cancer, relatively uncommon, accounting for only 5%-10% of breast tumors in most series. It is often an area of ill-defined thickening in the breast, in contrast to the dominant lump characteristic of ductal carcinoma. It is typically composed of small cells in a linear arrangement with a tendency to grow around ducts and lobules. There is likelihood of axillary nodal involvement with metastasis to meningeal and serosal surfaces. (DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, p1205)
Procedures used to treat and correct deformities, diseases, and injuries to the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM, its articulations, and associated structures.
Tumors or cancer of the EYE.
The simultaneous analysis of multiple samples of TISSUES or CELLS from BIOPSY or in vitro culture that have been arranged in an array format on slides or microchips.
Liver disease in which the normal microcirculation, the gross vascular anatomy, and the hepatic architecture have been variably destroyed and altered with fibrous septa surrounding regenerated or regenerating parenchymal nodules.
Tumors or cancer of the PERITONEUM.
Surgery performed on the eye or any of its parts.
The external junctural region between the lower part of the abdomen and the thigh.
A sarcoma of the deep layers of the skin. The tumors are locally aggressive tends to recur but rarely metastatic. It can be classified into variants depending on the cell type tumors are derived from or by its characteristics: Pigmented variant from MELANIN-containing DERMAL DENDRITIC CELLS; Myxoid variant, myxoid STROMAL CELLS; Giant cell variant characterized by GIANT CELLS in the tumors; and Fibrosarcomatous variant chracterized by tumor areas histologically indistinguishable from FIBROSARCOMA.
Incision into the side of the abdomen between the ribs and pelvis.
Removal of the breast, pectoral muscles, axillary lymph nodes, and associated skin and subcutaneous tissue.
A cell line derived from cultured tumor cells.
Any fluid-filled closed cavity or sac that is lined by an EPITHELIUM. Cysts can be of normal, abnormal, non-neoplastic, or neoplastic tissues.
The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.
A sarcoma containing large spindle cells of smooth muscle. Although it rarely occurs in soft tissue, it is common in the viscera. It is the most common soft tissue sarcoma of the gastrointestinal tract and uterus. The median age of patients is 60 years. (From Dorland, 27th ed; Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3d ed, p1865)
Excision of kidney.
Bone in humans and primates extending from the SHOULDER JOINT to the ELBOW JOINT.

Strongyle infections in ponies. II. Reinfection of treated animals. (1/20023)

Five of seven ponies whose strongyle worm burdens had previously been removed or markedly reduced by repeated thiabendazole treatments were reinfected with doses ranging from 100,000 to 500,000 small strongyle infective larvae. Reinfection of ponies resulted in the development of clinical signs characterized by abnormal feces, marked loss of weight and delayed shedding of winter hair coats. An abrupt increase in circulating eosinophils occurred during the first three weeks following reinfection. Patent infections developed in all ponies with worm eggs appearing in the feces from 12 to 15 weeks after receiving infective larvae. Worm egg outputs followed a cyclic pattern with approximately four to five peaks in egg output per year. There was an abrupt drop in the high worm egg counts in two untreated ponies approximately two and a half years after reinfection. No worms were recovered in the feces of these animals when they were subsequently treated, suggesting that a depletion in the number of inhibited larvae present in these ponies might have occurred.  (+info)

Comparative molecular genetic profiles of anaplastic astrocytomas/glioblastomas multiforme and their subsequent recurrences. (2/20023)

Malignant glial tumors (anaplastic astrocytomas and glioblastomas multiforme) arise mostly either from the progression of low grade precursor lesions or rapidly in a de novo fashion and contain distinct genetic alterations. There is, however, a third subset of malignant gliomas in which genetic lesions remain to be identified. Following surgical resection, all gliomas appear to have an inherent tendency to recur. Comparative molecular analysis of ten primary malignant gliomas (three anaplastic astrocytomas and seven glioblastomas multiforme) with their recurrences identified two distinct subgroups of recurrent tumors. In one group, primary tumors harbored genetic aberrations frequently associated with linear progression or de novo formation pathways of glial tumorigenesis and maintained their genetic profiles upon recurrence. In the other subset with no detectable known genetic mutations at first presentation, the recurrent tumors sustained specific abnormalities associated with pathways of linear progression or de novo formation. These included loss of genes on chromosomes 17 and 10, mutations in the p53 gene, homozygous deletion of the DMBTA1 and p16 and/ or p15 genes and amplification and/or overexpression of CDK4 and alpha form of the PDGF receptor. Recurrent tumors from both groups also displayed an abnormal expression profile of the metalloproteinase, gel A, and its inhibitor, TIMP-2, consistent with their highly invasive behavior. Delineation of the molecular differences between malignant glioblastomas and their subsequent recurrences may have important implications for the development of rational clinical approaches for this neoplasm that remains refractory to existing therapeutic modalities.  (+info)

Paediatric, invasive pneumococcal disease in Switzerland, 1985-1994. Swiss Pneumococcal Study Group. (3/20023)

BACKGROUND: Cost effective use of new vaccines against pneumococcal disease in children requires detailed information about the local epidemiology of pneumococcal infections. METHODS: Data on 393 culture-confirmed cases of invasive pneumococcal infection in children (<17 years) hospitalized in Swiss paediatric clinics were collected retrospectively for the years 1985-1994. RESULTS: Meningitis (42%) was most frequent, followed by pneumonia (28%) and bacteraemia (26%). The overall annual incidence was 2.7 cases per 100000 children <17 years old and 11 cases per 100000 children <2 years old. Annual incidence rates were stable over the study period. Lethality was high for meningitis (8.6%) and bacteraemia (8.9%). A history of basal skull fracture was reported in 3.3% of children with pneumococcal meningitis. Residence in a rural region was associated with an increased risk of pneumococcal infection (relative risk = 1.45, 95% confidence interval: 1.01-2.00). CONCLUSIONS: Paediatric, invasive pneumococcal disease seems to be less frequent in Switzerland than in other European and non-European countries. This may be due to differences in diagnostic strategies and lower frequency of risk factors such as the use of day care. Children with a history of basal skull fracture are at increased risk for pneumococcal meningitis. Further investigation of the association of invasive pneumococcal infection with rural residence and the use of antibiotics for upper respiratory tract infections might give new insight into the dynamics of Streptococcus pneumoniae infection and the development of antibiotic resistance.  (+info)

Longitudinal evaluation of serovar-specific immunity to Neisseria gonorrhoeae. (4/20023)

The serovars of Neisseria gonorrhoeae that are predominant in a community change over time, a phenomenon that may be due to the development of immunity to repeat infection with the same serovar. This study evaluated the epidemiologic evidence for serovar-specific immunity to N. gonorrhoeae. During a 17-month period in 1992-1994, all clients of a sexually transmitted disease clinic in rural North Carolina underwent genital culture for N. gonorrhoeae. Gonococcal isolates were serotyped according to standard methods. Odds ratios for repeat infection with the same serovar versus any different serovar were calculated on the basis of the distribution of serovars in the community at the time of reinfection. Of 2,838 patients, 608 (21.4%; 427 males and 181 females) were found to be infected with N. gonorrhoeae at the initial visit. Ninety patients (14.8% of the 608) had a total of 112 repeat gonococcal infections. Repeat infection with the same serovar occurred slightly more often than would be expected based on the serovars prevalent in the community at the time of reinfection, though the result was marginally nonsignificant (odds ratio = 1.5, 95% confidence interval 1.0-2.4; p = 0.05). Choosing partners within a sexual network may increase the likelihood of repeat exposure to the same serovar of N. gonorrhoeae. Gonococcal infection did not induce evident immunity to reinfection with the same serovar.  (+info)

Validation of the Rockall risk scoring system in upper gastrointestinal bleeding. (5/20023)

BACKGROUND: Several scoring systems have been developed to predict the risk of rebleeding or death in patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB). These risk scoring systems have not been validated in a new patient population outside the clinical context of the original study. AIMS: To assess internal and external validity of a simple risk scoring system recently developed by Rockall and coworkers. METHODS: Calibration and discrimination were assessed as measures of validity of the scoring system. Internal validity was assessed using an independent, but similar patient sample studied by Rockall and coworkers, after developing the scoring system (Rockall's validation sample). External validity was assessed using patients admitted to several hospitals in Amsterdam (Vreeburg's validation sample). Calibration was evaluated by a chi2 goodness of fit test, and discrimination was evaluated by calculating the area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. RESULTS: Calibration indicated a poor fit in both validation samples for the prediction of rebleeding (p<0.0001, Vreeburg; p=0.007, Rockall), but a better fit for the prediction of mortality in both validation samples (p=0.2, Vreeburg; p=0.3, Rockall). The areas under the ROC curves were rather low in both validation samples for the prediction of rebleeding (0.61, Vreeburg; 0.70, Rockall), but higher for the prediction of mortality (0.73, Vreeburg; 0.81, Rockall). CONCLUSIONS: The risk scoring system developed by Rockall and coworkers is a clinically useful scoring system for stratifying patients with acute UGIB into high and low risk categories for mortality. For the prediction of rebleeding, however, the performance of this scoring system was unsatisfactory.  (+info)

Transcatheter closure of patent foramen ovale using the Amplatzer septal occluder to prevent recurrence of neurological decompression illness in divers. (6/20023)

OBJECTIVE: Large flap valve patent foramens may cause paradoxical thromboembolism and neurological decompression illness in divers. The ability of a self expanding Nitinol wire mesh device (Amplatzer septal occluder) to produce complete closure of the patent foramen ovale was assessed. PATIENTS: Seven adults, aged 18-60 years, who had experienced neurological decompression illness related to diving. Six appeared to have a normal atrial septum on transthoracic echocardiography, while one was found to have an aneurysm of the interatrial septum. METHODS: Right atrial angiography was performed to delineate the morphology of the right to left shunt. The defects were sized bidirectionally with a precalibrated balloon filled with dilute contrast. The largest balloon diameter that could be repeatedly passed across the septum was used to select the occlusion device diameter. Devices were introduced through 7 F long sheaths. All patients underwent transthoracic contrast echocardiography one month after the implant. RESULTS: Device placement was successful in all patients. Device sizes ranged from 9-14 mm. The patient with an aneurysm of the interatrial septum had three defects, which were closed with two devices. Right atrial angiography showed complete immediate closure in all patients. Median (range) fluoroscopy time was 13.7 (6-35) minutes. Follow up contrast echocardiography showed no right to left shunting in six of seven patients and the passage of a few bubbles in one patient. All patients have been allowed to return to diving. CONCLUSION: The Amplatzer septal occluder can close the large flap valve patent foramen ovale in divers who have experienced neurological decompression illness. Interatrial septal aneurysms with multiple defects may require more than one device.  (+info)

Outcome of pregnancy in women with congenital shunt lesions. (7/20023)

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcome of pregnancy in women with congenital shunt lesions. SETTING: Retrospective study in a tertiary care centre. METHODS: Pregnancy history was obtained by a standardised questionnaire and medical records were reviewed. PATIENTS: 175 women were identified, at a mean (SD) age of 42 (14) years. Pregnancies occurred in 126 women: 50 with an atrial septal defect, 22 with a ventricular septal defect, 22 with an atrioventricular septal defect, 19 with tetralogy of Fallot, and 13 with other complex shunt lesions. RESULTS: 309 pregnancies were reported by 126 woman (2.5 (1.6) pregnancies per woman). The shortening fraction of the systemic ventricle was 40 (8)%, and 98% were in New York Heart Association class I-II at last follow up. Spontaneous abortions occurred in 17% of pregnancies (abortion rate, 0.4 (0.9) per woman). Gestational age of the 241 newborn infants was 8.8 (0.8) months. There were no maternal deaths related to pregnancy. Pre-eclampsia and embolic events were observed in 1.3% and 0.6%, respectively of all pregnancies. Women with complex shunt lesions more often underwent caesarean section (70% v 15-30%, p = 0.005) and gave birth to smaller babies for equivalent gestation (2577 (671) g v 3016 (572) to 3207 (610) g, p < 0.05). The recurrence risk of congenital heart disease was 2.5%. CONCLUSIONS: The outcome of pregnancy is favourable in women with congenital shunt lesions if their functional class and their systolic ventricular function are good. Such patients can be reassured.  (+info)

Recurring myocardial infarction in a 35 year old woman. (8/20023)

A 35 year old woman presented with acute myocardial infarction without any of the usual risk factors: she had never smoked; she had normal blood pressure; she did not have diabetes; plasma concentrations of total cholesterol and high and low density lipoprotein cholesterol, fibrinogen, homocysteine, and Lp(a) lipoprotein were normal. She was not taking oral contraceptives or any other medication. Coronary angiography showed occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery but no evidence of arteriosclerosis. Medical history disclosed a previous leg vein thrombosis with pulmonary embolism. Coagulation analysis revealed protein C deficiency. The recognition of protein C deficiency as a risk factor for myocardial infarction is important as anticoagulation prevents further thrombotic events, whereas inhibitors of platelet aggregation are ineffective.  (+info)

See also bug #70693 Activesyncd is losing the nth attribute for monthly repeating BYDAY events. The following EAS data: ,Recurrence xmlns=Calendar:, ,Recurrence_Type,3,/Recurrence_Type, ,Recurrence_Interval,1,/Recurrence_Interval, ,Recurrence_WeekOfMonth,1,/Recurrence_WeekOfMonth, ,Recurrence_DayOfWeek,16,/Recurrence_DayOfWeek, ,/Recurrence, is turned into the following RRULE: RRULE:FREQ=MONTHLY;BYDAY=TH which should be: RRULE:FREQ=MONTHLY;BYDAY=1TH This is obviously related to bug #70693. Until I investigate further, I dont know if this is caused by the same underlying problem as that bug, is a deliberate attempt to avoid triggering that bug or is a separate bug. Even if this is separate, bug #70693 may still prevent the corrected event from being synchronised. As events with recurrence like first Monday of the month are very common, it would be nice to fix this ...
RESULTS: 42 of the 99 lesions (42.4%) were invasive carcinomas, 57 (57.6%) were pure ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS). 6 out of 99 (6.1%) lesions were triple negative, and 29 (29.3%) were HER2/neu positive. Successful first excision rate was 76/99 lesions (76.8%). Breast conservation was achieved in 73.7% (73/99). 10 women showed local recurrences without negatively impacting survival. The recurrences included round/punctate, amorphous, fine pleomorphic, and fine linear or fine-linear branching descriptors. The breast cancer-specific long-term survival rate was 91/94 (96.8%) for a mean follow-up of 81.4 months. The 3 patients who died due to breast carcinoma showed fine pleomorphic calcifications, and had nodal-positive invasive carcinoma at diagnosis ...
...SAN DIEGO June 2 /- Optimer Pharmaceuticals I... ...(Logo: ...,Optimer,Pharmaceuticals,Announces,Lower,Recurrence,Rates,for,Fidaxomicin,Versus,Vancocin(R),in,Subgroup,Analyses,from,Its,Phase,3,Study,for,the,Treatment,of,CDI,biological,advanced biology technology,biology laboratory technology,biology device technology,latest biology technology
A computer tool can predict the likelihood of estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer recurrence within 10 years of hormone therapy
In their report, Kim and colleagues study the ability of changes in mammographic density over a period of 12 to 18 months to predict subsequent recurrence in 1,065 Korean women with oestrogen receptor-positive breast cancer. Based on 80 recurrences, a clear gradient for lower recurrence rates was seen among women with larger density reductions - with recurrence rates being more than twofold higher in women with no reduction compared with those presenting a reduction ≥10%. This extends previous work on predicting the effectiveness of tamoxifen in individual women from the preventive setting to the adjuvant setting, and also includes women treated with aromatase inhibitors, where a slightly larger effect was seen ...
View Notes - Alcoholism from PAS 600 - 601 at Chatham University. Alcohol abuse definition If, during the last 12 months, alcohol has contributed to repeated episodes of failure to fulfill
In mid-2017, the Council of Research & Technical Advice on Acute Malnutrition (CORTASAM) led the implementation of a global research prioritisation exercise for the treatment of wasting1. Over 300 individuals from 63 countries and 167 organisations participated in this survey. This exercise identified key research areas that are priorities to achieve scale-up of treatment of wasting by 20202.. One of the top five global research priority questions focuses on relapse rates post-discharge from treatment for wasting; namely: What are the rates and causal factors of post-discharge relapse from treatment across contexts? How can relapse be reduced? A recent literature review3 focussing on relapse following treatment of wasting found very little data in this area, as well as considerable variation in both the definition of relapse and in the approach to measuring it across research and programmes. Timescales for defining relapse varied greatly. Studies used either active follow-up or passive ...
If the ganglion is asymptomatic it may not require any treatment whatsoever.. Conservative management of a ganglion consists of aspiration of the jellylike fluid and an injection of a steroid solution into the ganglion sac. This may be effective in preventing long-term recurrence in approximately 30% of patients.. If a ganglion recurs following aspiration and is symptomatic it can be removed by a small operation which is normally carried out either by numbing the arm or under a general anaesthetic. This is usually successful in preventing long-term recurrence in 70-80% of patients.. ...
Process monitoring is an important research problem in numerous areas. This paper proposes a novel process monitoring scheme by integrating the recurrence plot (RP) method and the control chart technique. Recently, the RP method has emerged as an effective tool to analyze waveform signals. However, unlike the existing RP methods that employ recurrence quantification analysis (RQA) to quantify the recurrence plot by a few summary statistics; we propose new concepts of template recurrence plots and continuous-scale recurrence plots to characterize the waveform signals. A new feature extraction method is developed based on continuous-scale recurrence plot. Then, a monitoring statistic based on the top- approach is constructed from the continuous-scale recurrence plot. Finally, a bootstrap control chart is built to detect the signal changes based on the constructed monitoring statistics. The comprehensive simulation studies show that the proposed
Glad you visited this page with a sentence for recurrence. Perhaps also see a sentence for richards and ways to use reasonably in a sentence. Now that youve seen how to use recurrence in a sentence hope you might explore the rest of this educational reference site Sentencefor.com to see many other example sentences which provide word usage information.. People looking for: use recurrence in a sentence, reccurrence usage, recurrence in a sentence, recurrence sentence, sentences for recurences, sentences for recurrence, visited this page ...
Now certainly, these issues ought to be addressed by the surgeon performing the definitive operation. Inability to comply with the demands of radiation therapy is a valid counterindication to BCT. But the non-compliance issue has prompted a search for alternative strategies. Radiation is given to reduce recurrence rates to a level comparable to mastectomy. Omission of radiation doesnt necessarily worsen survival, but recurrence rates are unacceptably high without it. New data has suggested that 70% of recurrences after lumpectomy occur in the area of the resected tumor bed. Furthermore, the incidence of recurrence in other quadrants of the breast is equivalent when comparing BCT with or without post operative radiation. This raises the question: Can we simply irradiate the tumor bed and thusly achieve local control with longterm recurrence rates equal to the standard of whole breast irradiation ...
CVSROOT: /cvs/purrs Module name: purrs Changes by: zolo at cs.unipr.it 2003-11-14 12:45:47 Modified files: demos : purrs_rrs_cgi.cc src : Recurrence.cc Recurrence.defs.hh Recurrence.inlines.hh rr_classifier.cc tests : rrs_driver.cc Log message: Removed the status `HAS_HUGE_DECREMENT from `Solver_Status. Now the status `HAS_HUGE_DECREMENT of `Classifier_Status is mapped in the status `TOO_COMPLEX of `Solver_Status. Added and fixed several comments. Patches: http://www.cs.unipr.it/cgi-bin/cvsweb.cgi/purrs/demos/purrs_rrs_cgi.cc.diff?cvsroot=purrs&r1=1.24&r2=1.25 http://www.cs.unipr.it/cgi-bin/cvsweb.cgi/purrs/src/Recurrence.cc.diff?cvsroot=purrs&r1=1.121&r2=1.122 http://www.cs.unipr.it/cgi-bin/cvsweb.cgi/purrs/src/Recurrence.defs.hh.diff?cvsroot=purrs&r1=1.126&r2=1.127 http://www.cs.unipr.it/cgi-bin/cvsweb.cgi/purrs/src/Recurrence.inlines.hh.diff?cvsroot=purrs&r1=1.88&r2=1.89 http://www.cs.unipr.it/cgi-bin/cvsweb.cgi/purrs/src/rr_classifier.cc.diff?cvsroot=purrs&r1=1.75&r2=1.76 ...
AceProject supports date variables in the Task Summary field when creating or editing a recurrence. This allows you to have tasks generated by a recurrence with unique Summary field values to help you tell the different instances of a given recurrence apart. These variables make use of the Estimated Start Date of a task created from a recurrence.. Here are the variables that may be used in the Task Summary field in the New Recurrence or Edit Recurrence pages and the text result when a recurring task instance is created:. ...
5. Can result from viagra italian commercial soft tissue and nearby nerves and major food brands that offer information regarding limitations and opportunities for mastery, identifying individualized care approaches and goals, using social supports, accessing supportive environments, decreasing unpleasant sensations, and difculty swallowing; some may live much longer. Assess for the study is needed quickly, hiv rna level can be life threatening if unrecognized and untreated. This depends on the suture line. 7. Monitor intake and alternatives for fertility. 126). 457 a. B. C. D. E. A. B. C. Simplifying the complexity of the flap is believed to be more brittle, elderly patients are at a higher two-year cumulative recurrence rate of iv mainte- nance central nervous system abnormality. Figure 5. 280 outline of the cell membrane. Furosemide or toresemide, loop diuretics, phenytoin, and nicotinic acid can identify mac- roadenomas and mi- croadenomas larger than 4 cm in diameter. 13. 945chapter 21 ...
Abstract: Roughly speaking, a recurrence relation is nested if it contains a subexpression of the form ... A(...A(...)...). Many nested recurrence relations occur in the literature, and determining their behavior seems to be quite difficult and highly dependent on their initial conditions. A nested recurrence relation A(n) is said to be undecidable if the following problem is undecidable: given a finite set of initial conditions for A(n), is the recurrence relation calculable? Here calculable means that for every n ,= 0, either A(n) is an initial condition or the calculation of A(n) involves only invocations of A on arguments in {0,1,...,n-1}. We show that the recurrence relation A(n) = A(n-4-A(A(n-4)))+4A(A(n-4)) +A(2A(n-4-A(n-2))+A(n-2)). is undecidable by showing how it can be used, together with carefully chosen initial conditions, to simulate Post 2-tag systems, a known Turing complete problem ...
CVSROOT: /cvs/purrs Module name: purrs Changes by: zolo at cs.unipr.it 2003-12-23 18:24:57 Modified files: src : Recurrence.defs.hh Recurrence.cc Log message: Renamed `verify_new_method_exp_poly() in `verify_new_method_const_coeff(). Added the method `verify_new_method_var_coeff() (it is still commented because not finished). Patches: http://www.cs.unipr.it/cgi-bin/cvsweb.cgi/purrs/src/Recurrence.defs.hh.diff?cvsroot=purrs&r1=1.167&r2=1.168 http://www.cs.unipr.it/cgi-bin/cvsweb.cgi/purrs/src/Recurrence.cc.diff?cvsroot=purrs&r1=1.159&r2=1.160 ...
viSNE reveals the progression of cancer in a sample of cells taken from a patient with acute myeloid leukemia. In figure a, the contours represent cell density in each region of the map. Each point represents a cell from the diagnosis sample (top, purple) or relapse sample (bottom, red). In figure b, cells from both diagnosis and relapse samples are shown in each map. Cells are colored according to intensity of expression of the indicated cell markers, enabling the comparison of expression patterns before and after relapse. For example, Fit3 is expressed primarily in the diagnosis sample, while CD34 emerges in the relapse sample. Image credit: Dana Peer, PhD/Columbia University. NEW YORK, NY - In their quest to learn more about the variability of cells between and within tissues, biomedical scientists have devised tools capable of simultaneously measuring dozens of characteristics of individual cells. These technologies have led to new challenges, however, as scientists now struggle with how to ...
AR System Message Catalog ARERR [649] Recurrence Start Time must be less than Recurrence End Time. For a recurrence time segment, the start time must be less than the end time. |= Go back
We define a new type of recurrence equations called Simple Indexed Recurrences (SIR). In this type of equations, ordinary recurrences are generalized to
In this note, we study the recurrence and topologically multiple recurrence of a sequence of operators on Banach spaces. In particular, we give a sufficient and necessary condition for a cosine operator function, induced by a sequence of operators on the Lebesgue space of a locally compact group, to be topologically multiply recurrent ...
ON RECURRENCE OF REFLECTED RANDOM WALK ON THE HALF-LINE. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
A recurrence relation is an equation that uses recursion to relate terms in a sequence or elements in an array. It is a way to define a sequence or array in terms of itself. Recurrence relations have applications in many areas of mathematics: number theory - the Fibonacci sequence combinatorics - distribution of objects into bins calculus - Eulers method and many more. Recurrence relations are used when an exhaustive approach to problem solving is simply too ...
Most recurrences happen within the first two years. That said, it is possible to get a recurrence later on. Recurrences, however, are indeed less common the longer you get out from your...
Definition: Let $f_n = a_1f_{n-1} + a_2f_{n-2} + ... + a_kf_{n-k}$ for $n \geq k$ be a linear homogeneous recurrence relation of order $k$, i.e., $a_1, a_2, ..., a_k$ are constants and $a_k \neq 0$. Then this recurrence relation can be rewritten as $f_n - a_1f_{n-1} - a_2f_{n-2} - ... - a_kf_{n-k} = 0$ and the Character Equation for the linear homogeneous recurrence relation with constant coefficients is the polynomial $x^k - a_1x^{k-1} - a_2x^{k-2} - ... - a_k = 0$ ...
Although the mathematical integrability underlying this fact is well understood, this simple topological recurrence appeals for a direct combinatorial interpretation which is, so far, not known. The purpose of the talk is to relate this question to properties of continuum random surfaces of genus g (a.k.a. Brownian maps, conjecturally linked to Liouville quantum gravity). Namely, we give a simple recursive slicing procedure of the surfaces that gives rise to a non-linear recurrence for the numbers t_g. This recurrence features unknown constants that are naturally interpreted as observables of nearest-neighbour Voronoï tessellations around random vertices in Brownian surfaces. By comparing with the Painlevé-I equation, we identify these moments, which are unexpectedly simple and suggest that our (my) understanding of high-genus random surfaces is still very incomplete. ...
A recurrence is an equation or inequality that describes a function in terms of its values on smaller inputs. To solve a Recurrence Relation means to obtain a function defined on the natural numbers that satisfy the recurrence. for (i=1; i|=n*n; i++) // Executed n*n times for (j=0; j|i; j++) //Execu
For cancer survivors, the fight isnt always over. Many are concerned about the possibility of recurrence, and living with uncertainty is never easy. Discovering an intervention that can prevent cancer recurrence has the potential to significantly enhance quality of life.
Jenna Ladd| August 3, 2017 In the second episode of Nitrate in Iowa, Iowa Environmental Focus mini-video series about nutrient pollution in the Hawkeye state, we consider two perspectives on this issue. First we speak with Iowa State Senator and century farmer, Kevin Kinney of Oxford, Iowa. Kinney argues that while agriculture plays a role in nutrient…
SGL Entertainment is pleased to announce that we have just released the Second Episode for the new paranormal TV Series The Paraseekers. Episode Two is called
DateTime::Set is fine to use, but calendar math has these mysterious details, and recurrence specifications are particularly hard.. The specialised DateTime::Event subclasses can make life easier. DateTime::Event::Sunrise and DateTime::Event::Cron are other nice examples.. About the endpoint that makes it work: when both endpoints of the set are known, it triggers an optimisation that pre-calculates the whole set. The internal representation then changes to a list. This fixes the problem, because no further recurrence math is involved.. ...
Results Support Early Use of KYPROLIS at First Relapse PRNewswire/ - Amgen (NASDAQ:AMGN) today announced that the Journal of Clinical Oncology published positive overall survival (OS) findings… ...
Results Support Early Use of KYPROLIS at First Relapse PRNewswire/ - Amgen (NASDAQ:AMGN) today announced that the Journal of Clinical Oncology published positive overall survival (OS) findings… ...
Second day, second episode! This aint gonna be like this everyday, just so you know! I was just writing a song Lorena Ares, an amazing 12 y.o. singer (check her out at http://www.lorenaares.com/, mad pipes!), and I thought I could talk about songwriting. Here you have my view! Hope you enjoy it! PS: BTW, dont […]. ...
Going green does not need to be a sacrifice, either for us as individuals or for businesses, governments and the economy. This is the second episode o...
There is one word that anyone who has beaten cancer dreads that most: recurrence. Unfortunately, whether you ever experience a recurrence or not, the word is brought up in almost every doctors appointment. You scan for it every few months, but how do you cope when your doctor calls you in for an unexpected
ii. The History Channel - UFO Hunters, Season 3 - Multiple Episodes; from December 2008 - June 2009, I served as a producer of the popular UFO Hunters program. Throughout multiple episodes, the research/FOIA documents I have collected over the last decade were used in the research/development phase, shown on screen, and opinions were offered on select documents. As an example, in one episode dealing with a secret underground installation, underground digging technology was discussed at length. To source this information in the show, multiple documents were obtained under the FOIA as reference, including Use of the Subterrene for Military ...
Learn about brain tumor recurrences and what to expect if you experience one, including testing & treatment options, as well as coping with the recurrence.
Your application may not require the entire scheduler functionality. There are times when only a part of it is really needed. A common problem is the use of the Recurrence form, which is the set of controls designed to specify a recurrence rule as a standalone form. In this case, you dont have to instantiate the MVC Scheduler. The AppointmentRecurrenceFormExtension object is what you need to accomplish this task.. Use the AppointmentRecurrenceFormExtension.Bind method to bind the form to the RecurrenceInfo object instance. ...
This paper derives new recurrence relations for scalar spherical waves in Cartesian coordinates and compares the performance of these relations with that of traditional recurrence relations. They are numerically stable for travelling waves and some standing waves, and are faster for evaluating scalar spherical waves up to order 40 on a nonspherical surface. Because of their algebraic simplicity, they will be especially useful for symbolic-algebra computer programs, allowing explicit expressions for scalar and vector spherical waves to be obtained using a succinct procedure. ...
In 2011, Chartier began a series of new works, Recurrence, which revisits the Series elements and reworks them into entirely new compositions. Drawn to the original sounds Chartier felt that they could be re-composed. The form they have taken contains isolated and discreet events strewn across the sound field, creating a strange landscape and altered sense of space. A full studio version of Recurrence (Series) is accompanied on this release with Recurrence (Room/Crosstones), an exploration of room tones and other low frequency wave recordings. The Recurrence works are a continuing reflection on the major aesthetic elements of Chartiers artistic language as it has evolved through the years. ...
B.tech 1st Year Online course and notes for Discrete Mathematics,Recurrence Relation And Combinatorics. Download B.tech 1st Year, Recurrence Relation And Combinatorics in Discrete Mathematics notes
We develop here the rst steps of a long-term investigation on multi-time scaled systems with some spatial heterogeneity. They can be characterized by a slow-variation of \actions interspaced by local fast variations of \angles. The principle of construction of these systems is presented on a rst example where the actions are periodic solutions of a planar Hamiltonian system. Once the fast perturbation of the angles is added, the whole system displays kind of bursting oscillations (characterized by the alternate of quiescent phases interspaced by fast oscillations) although it is completely integrable. In this rst example, the full analysis of the underlying recurrence is possible. We then discuss a second example which has been discovered by Rossler in the 70s and which inspired this study. This example looks paradigmatic of the complex global recurrences these systems may have.
Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) is a rare aseptic, auto-inflammatory bone disorder. CRMO presents with bone pain with or without fever. The diagnosis of CRMO is a diagnosis of exclusion and should be included in the differential diagnosis of chronic inflammatory bone lesions in children. Cultures of the bone are typically sterile, antibiotic therapy does not result in clinical improvement whereas anti-inflammatory drugs improve the condition. Furthermore, biopsy should be considered in chronic and relapsing bone pain and swelling unresponsive to treatment. Herein, we present a nine-year-old boy complaining of recurrent pain in his upper and lower extremities. On examination he had mild fever and cervical lymphadenopathy. He also had experienced bone pain and weight loss in the recent month. Based on biopsy and bone scan he was finally diagnosed with CRMO. Naproxen and Pamidronate was prescribed and he was getting better and returned to normal life and activity without need to
Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) is an inflammatory, non-infectious disorder of skeletal system mainly seen in children. We report a case of CRMO presenting with fever and leg pain. The patient was an 11-year-old boy complaining of a fever, swelling and pain on his right foot, and pain on both legs. Although serum levels of CK and aldolase were not increased, MRI imaging suggested polymyositis. Muscle biopsy showed interstitial infiltration of inflammatory cells without any evidences of dermatomyositis or polymyositis. One month later, he complained of a swelling, pain and redness of his left clavicle as recurrently experienced during the recent 6 months, and MRI investigation indicated the diagnosis of osteomyelitis. Bone biopsy was performed and showed chronic inflammatory changes with negative bacterial culture. Multiple bone lesions and muscle uptake of FDG in his legs were revealed by whole body FDG-PET/CT, and he was diagnosed as having CRMO with interstitial myositis. The ...
Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) is an inflammatory bone disease usually affecting children. A 9-year old boy presented with recurrent lower extremities pain and discomfort lasting for two years. In every time, symptoms vanished after several weeks. The patient received antibiotics only in one period of bone pain. In other occasions the patient didnt received any antibiotics. In last episode of bone pain, symptoms disappeared by use of naproxen. In patients X-rays, there were multifocal areas of sclerosis with a wide transitional zone accompanied by a fine periosteal reaction. Regarding his history and MRI, bone scan findings were more in favor of active inflammatory process in the involved regions. In needle biopsy and bone curetting of left & right tibiae, osteonecrosis, mild inflammatory fibrosis, and scattered chronic inflammatory cells consistent with chronic osteomyelitis were noticed. No malignant neoplastic tissue was identified. In 2-year follow-up, diagnosis of CRMO was
article: Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis: diagnostic problems and treatment - Minerva Ortopedica e Traumatologica 2008 December;59(6):373-7 - Minerva Medica - Journals
Of 52 patients with recurrent tuberculosis in Shanghai, People's Republic of China, 32 (61.5%) had isolates in which genotype patterns of Mycobacterium tuberculosis differed between first and second episodes. This result indicates that exogenous reinfection is common in an area with a high incidence of tuberculosis.
WEDNESDAY, Sept. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Researchers say theyve identified a genetic indicator of the long-term risk of breast cancer recurrence.. They compared three gene signature methods of predicting the risk of recurrence in patients treated for estrogen-receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer. They found that only the breast cancer index (BCI) -- a biomarker based on the expression levels of seven tumor-specific genes -- accurately identifies patients who continues to be at risk for breast cancer recurrence after five years of treatment with either tamoxifen or anastrozole, a drug in the aromatase inhibitor class.. The other two methods examined in the study were the Oncotype Dx Recurrence Score, the current gold standard for guiding clinical decision making, and the ICH4 gene signature, which is used less frequently used.. All three methods were able to predict recurrence risk in the first five years, but only the breast cancer index was able to accurately assess long-term recurrence risk, ...
PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS AND IS ASSOCIATED INFECTION IS AN INDEPENDENT RISK OF ATRIAL FIBRILLATION RECURRENCES RATE IN LONE ATRIAL FIBRILLATION PATIENTS: P049 ...
List of 5 disease causes of Recurrent abdominal pain in infants, patient stories, diagnostic guides. Diagnostic checklist, medical tests, doctor questions, and related signs or symptoms for Recurrent abdominal pain in infants.
TY - JOUR. T1 - The Characteristics of Patients with GIST Who Experienced Late Recurrence after Resection. AU - Wada, Noriko. AU - Takahashi, Tsuyoshi. AU - Kurokawa, Yukinori. AU - Nakajima, Kiyokazu. AU - Miyazaki, Yasuhiro. AU - Makino, Tomoki. AU - Yamasaki, Makoto. AU - Takiguchi, Shuji. AU - Masuzawa, Toru. AU - Nishida, Toshirou. AU - Mori, Masaki. AU - Doki, Yuichiro. PY - 2016/11/1. Y1 - 2016/11/1. N2 - The characteristics of patients with gastrointestinal stromal tumor(GIST)who need long-term surveillance after resection remain unclear. We investigated the characteristics of 14 patients with GIST who developed recurrence over 5 years after resection. The most common primary tumor site was the stomach, followed by the rectum and small intestine. We found that 58% of patients had low-risk tumors, and 29% of patients developed recurrence over 10 years after resection. The most common first recurrence site was local, followed by the liver and peritoneum. All 4 patients with rectal GIST ...
The patients were predominantly men (20/23:87%) between 45-77 years of age. 22 patients were staged as 4a (TNM version 7) and 1 was metastatic at presentation. Excluding the metastatic patient, over half received induction chemotherapy (12/22:55%). The majority received radical chemo-radiotherapy (19/22:86%). Recurrence post treatment occurred between 5-58 months, (median = 14 months). In 10 patients, recurrence was within 12 months, in 12 patients, over 12 months. Site of primary disease or delivery of induction chemotherapy did not influence timing of recurrence. Current smokers were more likely to recur early (,12 months) compared to non-smokers. The most frequent sites of disease recurrence were lung (n=10), bone (n=9), liver (n=6) or within the oropharynx (n=11). In early recurrence, local disease was most prevalent. In later recurrences, bone and lung metastases were most frequently seen. 18/23 (78%) patients died from their disease with a mean time from disease recurrence to death of 9.4 ...
A randomized controlled trial of VSL#3 for the prevention of endoscopic recurrence following surgery for Crohns disease Conference Paper ...
Objective. This study examined recurrence patterns in breast cancer patients younger than age of 40 and older than age of 75, two groups that are underrepresented in clinical trials and not routinely screened by mammography. Methods. The records of 230 breast cancer patients (n = 125 less than 40 and n = 105 greater than 75) who presented to the Emory University Department of Radiation Oncology for curative treatment between 1997 and 2010 were reviewed. Data recorded included disease presentation, treatment, and areas of locoregional recurrence. Results. Women less than 40 years of age had higher rates of locoregional recurrence (20% versus 7%, P = 0.004) and distant recurrence (18% versus 5%, P = 0.003) than patients above 75 years of age. On multivariate analysis, patient age less than 40 was the only significant predictor of locoregional recurrence (P = 0.018). In a univariate analysis of each age group, receptor status and postlumpectomy radiation were significant predictors of locoregional ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Effect of multiple episodes of Acute Kidney Injury on mortality. T2 - an observational study. AU - Walker, Heather. AU - De Souza, Nicosha. AU - Hapca, Simona. AU - Witham, Miles D.. AU - Bell, Samira. PY - 2021/2. Y1 - 2021/2. N2 - Background: Patients who survive an episode of acute kidney injury (AKI) are more likely to have further episodes of AKI. AKI is associated with increased mortality, with a further increase with recurrent episodes. It is not clear whether this is due to AKI or as a result of other patient characteristics. The aim of this study was to establish whether recurrence of AKI is an independent risk factor for mortality, or if excess mortality is explained by other factors.Methods: This observational cohort study included adult people from the Tayside region of Scotland, with an episode of AKI during 1st January 2009 and 31st December 2009. AKI was defined using the creatinine based Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes definition. Associations between ...
This is the first study to assess the safety and efficacy of vonoprazan for the prevention of peptic ulcer recurrence in patients receiving long-term LDA therapy. The double blind, randomised phase of the study demonstrated that vonoprazan 10 mg and 20 mg were non-inferior to lansoprazole 15 mg in the prevention of peptic ulcer recurrence over 24 weeks of treatment. The protective effect of vonoprazan was long lasting, as demonstrated by the low cumulative incidence of both peptic ulcer recurrence and bleeding of the stomach/duodenum during the long-term (up to 2 years) extension study, and there were relatively few safety concerns associated with vonoprazan. Although concern has previously been noted that long-term PPI administration may cause decreased absorption of vitamin B12, calcium and/or magnesium, in our study there was no fluctuation in the serum levels during the prolonged study period. Together, these results indicate that vonoprazan is an effective alternative treatment to PPIs for ...
Hormonal therapy reduces the risk of recurrence for women with early-stage breast cancer that is ER-and/or PR-positive. Standard therapy lasts 5 years. A new study looks at whether extending one type of hormonal therapy, known as aromatase inhibitor therapy, to 10 years lowers recurrence rates even more for these women. (7/26/16)
These both came back negative and on day eight, her condition got worse.. Two weeks later, she died, and scientists have now said that she suffered from reinfection.. It comes after it was revealed that a healthy 25-year-old man in the US was reinfected with the virus.. The unnamed man from Nevada had no known immune disorders or underlying conditions and needed to have oxygen due to the severity of the bug.. It is the first known coronavirus reinfection case in the US and only the fifth in the world.. This makes this new case in the Netherlands the sixth case of reinfection and the first in which a patient has died from reinfection.. The first case was reported in Hong Kong in August.. The 33-year-old was reinfected and on the second infection - was asymptomatic.. ...
Question - Dizziness, fatigue, vomiting sensation on trying to urinate, repeated episode post shower, pain in sternum area. Pregnancy sign?. Ask a Doctor about diagnosis, treatment and medication for Vomiting, Ask an OBGYN, Gynecologic Oncology
Recurrence of membranous nephropathy after renal transplantation has been reported either anecdotally or in a few series. In the present study, the potential risk factors as well as hitherto unreported actuarial risk for recurrence and graft loss due to recurrence were evaluated by combining data of a series of transplanted patients with MN at Louvain Medical School (n = 12) and at Lyon (n = 18; previously reported by Couchoud et al. 1995) giving a total of 30 patients. No risk factor for recurrence was identified as there was no statistical difference between the patients with and without recurrence for duration of MN in native kidneys or of pretransplant hemodialysis, presence of HLA-DR3, graft origin and use of cyclosporin. Actuarial risk for recurrence reached 29% at 3 years, plateauing up to 10 years. The outcome of recurrence was poor since the actual risk for graft loss among patients with recurrent MN was 38 and 52% at 5 and 10 years, respectively. ...
The second type of recurrence is regional in nature. By regional we mean that the cancer has come back outside of the original breast and lymph node area. This is considered to be more serious than a local recurrence, but not as serious as a distant recurrence. The areas in which regional spread of the disease occur include the chest muscles (pectoral), the lymph nodes surrounding the neck area, the internal breast lymph nodes in the breast bone and rib areas and in the lymph nodes above the collarbone. This type of recurrence is rare. The third and most serious type of recurrence is called a distant recurrence. This is also referred to as a metastasis. The areas where distant spread can occur are most likely to occur are bone (25%), liver, brain, bone marrow, lungs or other organs. Sometimes this is referred to as metastatic disease or Stage IV breast cancer. The survival rate becomes much lower once metastasis occurs, with a life expectancy of 18 months on the average after discovering it. ...
Invasion and metastasis is a complex process governed by the interaction of genetically altered tumor cells and the immunological and inflammatory host reponse. Specific T-cells directed against tumor cells and the nonspecific inflammatory reaction due to tissue damage, cooperate against invasive tumor cells in order to prevent recurrences. Data concerning involvement of individual cell types are readily available but little is known about the coordinate interactions between both forms of immune response. The presence of inflammatory infiltrate and eosinophils was determined in 1530 patients with rectal adenocarcinoma from a multicenter trial. We selected 160 patients to analyze this inflammatory infiltrate in more detail using immunohistochemistry. The association with the development of local and distant relapses was determined using univariate and multivariate log rank testing. Patients with an extensive inflammatory infiltrate around the tumor had lower recurrence rates (3.4% versus 6.9%, p = 0.03),
Psychosocial interventions for recurrent abdominal pain in childhood Edited (no change to conclusions) answers are found in the Cochrane Abstracts powered by Unbound Medicine. Available for iPhone, iPad, Android, and Web.
In a new report published by Young et al in Cancer Medicine, a two-gene circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) blood test for postsurgical monitoring of colorectal cancer (CRC) recurrence has been shown to detect twice the number of recurrence cases as carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) testing, a standard of care component for CRC recurrence monitoring in patients who have undergone surgery. The test measures the presence of BCAT1 and IKZF1 gene methylation, a chemical modification associated with tumor growth and invasion. Preliminary data from this study were presented in January at the ASCO 2016 Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium (Abstract 495). The ctDNA test is produced by Clinical Genomics.. Given that at least 30% of patients in remission from [colorectal cancer] following initial treatment will develop recurrence, improved surveillance methods that accurately detect recurrence are essential for improving outcomes for patients, said contributing study author Graeme P. Young, MBBS, MD, FRACP, ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - The Essen Stroke Risk Score predicts recurrent cardiovascular events A validation within the REduction of Atherothrombosis for Continued Health (REACH) registry. AU - Weimar, Christian. AU - Diener, Hans Christoph. AU - Alberts, Mark J.. AU - Gabriel Steg, P.. AU - Bhatt, Deepak L.. AU - Wilson, Peter W F. AU - Mas, Jean Louis. AU - Röther, Joachim. PY - 2009/2. Y1 - 2009/2. N2 - Background and Purpose-Predictive scores are important tools for stratifying patients based on the risk of future (cerebro)vascular events and for selecting potential prevention therapy. Recently, the Essen Stroke Risk Score (ESRS) was derived from cerebrovascular patients in the Clopidogrel versus Aspirin in Patients at Risk of Ischemic Events (CAPRIE) trial. We aimed to validate the ESRS in a large cohort of outpatients with previous transient ischemic attack or stroke from the REduction of Atherothrombosis for Continued Health (REACH) Registry. Methods-We included 15 605 outpatients with a qualifying ...
BACKGROUND: We assessed the impact of complications on recurrence and survival after curative gastric cancer resection. METHODS: Patients undergoing R0 resections between 1990 and 2009 were identified in a prospectively maintained database and were categorized by presence of any complication Clavien-Dindo (CD) ≥ II, sepsis or intra-abdominal sepsis. Cox regression analyses to relate complications and clinico-pathological variables to time to recurrence (TTR) and overall survival (OS) were performed. RESULTS: A total of 271 patients were included with a median follow-up of 149.9 months (range 140.1-159.9). complications CD ≥ II occurred in 162 (59.8%) patients, sepsis in 66 (22.5%), and intra-abdominal sepsis in 37 (13.6%). Recurrence developed in 88 (32.4%) patients. Independent predictors of short TTR were pTNM stage (IIIB-IIIC vs. IA-IIA) (hazard ratio [HR] = 37.55, 95% confidence interval [CI] 17.57-80.24; p , 0.001), D1 lymphadenectomy (HR = 3.14, 95% CI 1.94-5.07; p , 0.001), and male ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Recurrences determine the dynamics. AU - Robinson, Geoffrey. AU - Thiel, Marco. PY - 2009/6. Y1 - 2009/6. N2 - We show that under suitable assumptions, Poincaré recurrences of a dynamical system determine its topology in phase space. Therefore, dynamical systems with the same recurrences are dynamically equivalent. This conclusion can be drawn from a theorem proved in this paper which states that the recurrence matrix determines the topology of closed sets. The theorem states that if a set of points M is mapped onto another set N, such that two points in N are closer than some prescribed fixed distance if and only if the corresponding points in M are closer than some, in general different, prescribed fixed distance, then both sets are homeomorphic, i.e., identical up to a continuous change in the coordinate system. The theorem justifies a range of methods in nonlinear dynamics which are based on recurrence properties.. AB - We show that under suitable assumptions, Poincaré ...
The pathogenesis of Lupus Nephritis is closely related with the immune complexes placed in glomerular, so that the body will produce the autoimmune antibodies. It will placed in different places of glomerular with the blood by chemical prop
Only those that have made themselves party to the original covenants/constitutions/trust indentures - such as the Unanimous Declaration of the Thirteen united States of America; commonly called the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution for the United States of America, or one of the 34 organic state constitutions that existed in 1861 - have standing to bring a claim. The current Federal/National government does not derive its authority from the Constitution for the United States of America, the primary claim of its authority is the coerced 14th Amendment. Big brother has given the rest of the constitutional references (i.e. right to bear arms, freedom of speech, freedom of religion, due process of law, no warrantless searches) to have the appearance of the organic Union, but when eyes are open and logic, reason, and perception are employed and when ears are hearing the voice of the past; the voice of record, it is clear that it is nothing more than a shadow. This shadow is a ...
The concept of the time-dependence of the occurrence of large events on a given geologic structure emerged from the elastic rebound theory of Reid (1910). Models were developed or chosen to account for it. For the most part, those models need the long-term recurrence time, a measure of the allowed short-term variability of the recurrence time (e.g., the coefficient of variation CoV), and are applied in conjunction with the time since the last event whenever possible. Geologic estimates of the long-term have been used for a long time. CoV values, on the other hand, were first assigned usually through a logic-tree approach featuring a preferred value and one or two alternative values. Later-on a generic CoV value was determined on a global dataset (Elssworth et al 1999). It is only recently that earthquake timing data at a site have become numerous and high resolution enough to warrant data-constrained estimates of CoV. Whereas a logic-tree approach, meant to formulate epistemic uncertainties, ...
The invention provides a novel cerebral stroke recurrence inhibitor, and relates to a simple evaluation method for an cerebral stroke recurrence inhibitor. According to the simple evaluation method us
We have evaluated the performance of TOF-MRA as a predictor of recurrent stroke/TIA at 7 days in patients with TIA. We found that ,50% stenosis or occlusion of a large proximal intracranial symptomatic artery was significantly associated with recurrent stroke/TIA.. The usefulness of MRA to predict stroke recurrence after TIA has been previously reported by other investigators. Coutts et al8 found a greater risk of recurrent stroke at 90 days among 120 patients with TIA or minor stroke in the presence of an intracranial vessel occlusion on MRA. Our study confirms this finding and further suggests that both stenosis and occlusion of a symptomatic intracranial artery may have an impact on the risk of clinical recurrence. We were able to assess the influence of vascular lesion location and found that only proximal vessel lesions were associated with increased risk of early recurrence. Patients with such vascular lesions were at high (27.3%) risk of early recurrence in our study. The sensitivity of ...
Children in resource-poor settings are at risk of multiple episodes of diarrhea, enteric infections, and environmental enteropathy, an inflammatory disorder of the intestines that compromises nutrient absorption (1). In cross-sectional analyses, repeated episodes of diarrhea and chronic environmental enteropathy in early childhood are associated with reduced growth and cognitive function, and impaired school performance which can reduce income later in life (2-8). Although more evidence is needed to establish causal links, repeated episodes of childhood diarrhea and enteric infection may exact a long-run toll, perpetuating a cycle of poverty and ill health.. Infection and inadequate diet are proximate risk factors for undernutrition and early life growth faltering; the two processes likely act reciprocally in a vicious cycle that perpetuates physiologic and metabolic deficits and increases the risk of mortality. Children who exhibit growth faltering are more likely to have deficits in cognitive ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Defining the clinical course of bipolar disorder. T2 - response, remission, relapse, recurrence, and roughening.. AU - Hirschfeld, Robert Ma. AU - Calabrese, Joseph R.. AU - Frye, Mark A.. AU - Lavori, Philip W.. AU - Sachs, Gary. AU - Thase, Michael E.. AU - Wagner, Karen Dineen. PY - 2007. Y1 - 2007. N2 - This manuscript presents working definitions for key clinical course indicators for bipolar disorder, including response, remission, relapse, recurrence, and roughening. A work group of experts in bipolar disorder reviewed prior efforts to define clinical course indicators for unipolar depression and for schizophrenia. Using these efforts as templates, the work group developed consensus operational definitions. The rationale for each of the definitions was a point of time when a treatment decision needed to be made. The group defined response as a 50% reduction in a score from a standard rating scale of symptomatology from an appropriate baseline, regardless of index episode ...
Dr. Tina Ridgeway, the female neurosurgeon who is destined to hook up with the hunky neurosurgeon with nightmares (another Dr. Jekyll? See Do No Harm), presented a case at M&M conference. The patient, a chef, suffered olfactory nerve damage during a craniotomy for a meningioma. She acknowledged that she relied on the resident to obtain informed consent. This is not permitted in most hospitals. The chief of surgery then castigates her for allowing the resident to do the case. When I was a chief of surgery, I usually was faced with the opposite problem. Some of the attending staff were not letting the residents do enough ...
The Auditions: Part 2 (S02E02) is the second episode of season two of The X Factor relea... More The Auditions: Part 2 (S02E02) is the second episode of season two of The X Factor released on Sat Aug 27, 2005. The X Factor stars Simon Cowell as Simon Cowell, Louis Tomlinson as Louis Tomlinson and Nicole Scherzinger as Nicole Scherzinger. ...
Synopsis: All women with ovarian cancer deserve to understand the facts about recurrence that are relevant to their case and receive appropriate preventative care. But to the patient, her support network, and her care team, the work of dealing with an initial diagnosis and treatment is already a huge challenge. Whether they had recurred or not, patients in our discussion groups said they wish they had known more about recurrence sooner, but many were also uncertain when or how they would have preferred to receive this knowledge.. Patient voices: I did eleven months of chemo and I thought it was over. My boyfriend and I celebrated. Honest to God, nobody told me, You have to be so worried that this is gonna come back. We knew the possibility of recurrence was there, but nobody was like You really need to pay attention to your body. You really need to listen to whats going on.. It was much harder for me to deal with my first recurrence than it was to deal with the diagnosis, emotionally. ...
Large meta-analyses to support dose-intensification strategies for the treatment of breast cancer have been lacking. Study investigators performed a meta-analysis of 25 trials in which more than 34,000 patients with early-stage breast cancer were treated with some form of dose-intensification strategy. Administering patients the same drugs but for a shorter interval was shown to reduce the absolute risk for breast cancer recurrence by 4.3% at 10 years when compared with standard 3-week regimens, according to trials involving more than 10,000 women. Dose-dense regimens were also associated with 2.8% lower breast cancer-specific mortality rates at 10 years when compared with standard chemotherapy. Among more than 11,000 women, 28.1% of those treated with sequential therapy experienced disease recurrence, compared with 31.25% of those treated concurrently. Those treated sequentially had a 1.9% lower rate of 10-year mortality. Among more than 6,500 women, absolute recurrence rates at 10 years were ...
BACKGROUND: About half of patients with Crohns disease (CD) require surgery within 10 years of diagnosis. Resection of the affected segment is highly effective, however the majority of patients experience clinical recurrence after surgery. Most of these patients have asymptomatic endoscopic recurrence weeks or months before starting with symptoms. This inflammation can be detected by colonoscopy and is a good predictor of poor prognosis.Therapy guided by colonoscopy could tailor the management and improve the prognosis of postoperative CD. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of prophylactic therapy guided by colonoscopy in reducing the postoperative recurrence of CD in adults. SEARCH METHODS: The following electronic databases were searched up to 17 December 2019: MEDLINE, Embase, CENTRAL, Clinical Trials.gov, WHO Trial Registry and Cochrane IBD specialized register. Reference lists of included articles, as well as conference proceedings were handsearched. SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomised ...
Relapse remains a major therapeutic challenge in children with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Outcome after relapse may improve if preemptive therapy is initiated at first evidence of leukemia regrowth. Early detection of imminent relapse requires molecular measurable residual disease (MRD) monitoring after therapy completion. Today, this is possible only in about 40% of children with AML that harbor genetic abnormalities applicable for quantification using standardized qPCR assays. To enable disease surveillance for all patients, we developed patient-tailored deep sequencing (DS) MRD analysis, which provides highly sensitive detection of leukemia-specific mutations. We investigated the potential of this method for early relapse detection in peripheral blood (PB), the only easily accessible source for MRD sampling in children. PB samples were collected at monthly intervals during follow-up from 45 children diagnosed with AML and treated according to The Nordic Society of Pediatric Haematology and ...
If you have repeated episodes of SVT, an operation called catheter ablation is the recommended treatment option. This prevents further episodes of SVT by destroying the tiny parts of the heart causing the problems in the hearts electrical system.. Catheter ablation is a safe and highly effective treatment, and means you no longer need to take medication. It cures SVT in over 95% of people and is the recommended treatment worldwide.. During catheter ablation, a thin wire called a catheter is inserted into a vein in your upper leg or groin, before being guided to your heart by an electrophysiologist (a heart specialist who specialises in abnormal heartbeats and rhythms). When the wire reaches the heart, it records the electrical activity to pinpoint the precise location of the problem.. When the problem area is found, high-frequency radiowaves are transmitted to the catheter tip to destroy it, producing a small scar.. Youll remain awake during this procedure, but will be given a sedative to ...
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Question:. Good day! Very often tormented by thrush. Treatment is prescribed based on the sensitivity to antifungal preparations. poslednie - pills Rumiko, neo-penotran Foote. But after a short time everything is repeated. I understand that the problem with immunity. But how to help him to get rid of candidiasis? And what do You recommend to do and how to be treated?. Answer:. Hello, Ian! To start I would like to note that the frequent recurrence of thrush indicate too weak immune system. Your body can not resist parasitic microorganisms that easily allows them to multiply, worsening your health, causing a variety of ailments, in this case it is thrush.. Before the treatment of this disease, the doctor is obliged to appoint a comprehensive diagnosis, to identify specific risk factors, only then to find individual therapies. If not eliminate the impact of negative factors, the treatment will not give positive results. Among the causes of thrush allocate the deficiency of vitamins, minerals, ...
After a median FU of 49 months, 10% patients develop recurrent thromboembolism and all were in AF and yet again mean INR was 1.4 at the time of recurrent event. After a primary CE event, the five-year rate of recurrent CE or thromboembolism was 8.7% while the five year MACCE was 27.1%. The median time to a second episode of CE or thromboembolism was 35 months. Authors also performed a propensity score matched cohort consisting of 45 patients with CE and 45 patients without CE. Based on this analysis all-cause mortality (HR, 7.66; 95% CI, 1.65 to 35.45; p,0.001) and cardiac mortality (HR, 9.29; 95% CI, 1.13 to 76.5; p,0.001) were much higher in the CE group than in the non-CE group. Authors conclude that the prevalence of CE in patients with AMI was 2.9% and AF was the most frequent cause. Long-term outcomes indicate that CE patients represent a high-risk subpopulation of patients with AMI and therefore require close follow-up ...
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A relapse prevention program targeted to primary care patients with a high risk of relapse/recurrence who had largely recovered after antidepressant treatment significantly improved antidepressant adherence and depressive symptom outcomes.
Breast cancer can recur at the original site (called recurrence or local recurrence), as well as return and spread to other parts of the body (called metastasis or distant recurrence).
Squamous cell carcinoma us a type of head and neck caner that has a relatively low five-year survival rate and a high recurrence rate.
In people who become infected with the difficult-to-treat gut bacteria called C.diff, the infection often comes back after treatment.
Author(s): Rains, Eric M. | Abstract: In recent work (math.QA/0309252) on multivariate hypergeometric integrals, the author generalized a conjectural integral formula of van Diejen and Spiridonov to a ten parameter integral provably invariant under an action of the Weyl group E_7. In the present note, we consider the action of the affine Weyl group, or more precisely, the recurrences satisfied by special cases of the integral. These are of two flavors: linear recurrences that hold only up to dimension 6, and three families of bilinear recurrences that hold in arbitrary dimension, subject to a condition on the parameters. As a corollary, we find that a codimension one special case of the integral is a tau function for the elliptic Painlev#x27;e equation.
Printed by United States Playing Card Company. Made in USA. Recurrent dreams bring to light deep and unsettled conflicts at the confluence of the real and the imaginary in our lives. Finding the unfamiliar in the familiar and the familiar in the unfamiliar while in the arms of Morpheus serves as the inspiration for the overall impression of the Dream Recurrence deck. The decomplication of the design parallels the reveal of underlying meanings when the unnecessary details are taken away. Dream Recurrence Playing Cards continues the minimalistic and balanced composition of Dream V2 with new, bold, and aesthetically pleasing colour schemes, complete with subtle enhancements to a high contrast card back and an intricate tuck case. Dream Recurrence is an essential addition to the collection of every cardist, magic hobbyists and deck collectors.
Discover the best Recurrence Relation books and audiobooks. Learn from Recurrence Relation experts like James M. Ortega and Gerald Berman. Read Recurrence Relation books like Numerical Analysis and Introduction to Combinatorics with a free trial
Look up recurrence or recurrent in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Recurrence and recurrent may refer to: Disease recurrence, ... an information-theoretic method for summarising the recurrence properties of dynamical systems Recurrence plot, a statistical ... in a self-similar form an infinite number of times across infinite time or space Historic recurrence, the repetition of similar ... This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Recurrence. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to ...
Multivariate extensions of recurrence plots were developed as cross recurrence plots and joint recurrence plots. Cross ... In contrast to cross recurrence plots, joint recurrence plots compare the simultaneous occurrence of recurrences in two (or ... Poincaré recurrence theorem). The recurrence of states in nature has been known for a long time and has also been discussed in ... Joint recurrence plots can be used in order to detect phase synchronisation. Poincaré plot Recurrence period density entropy, ...
... (RI) in genomics denotes the number of mutations per kilobase of a given genomic locus of a patient carrying ... RI represents a patient level recurrence frequency estimated for somatic mutations. Newman, Aaron M (2014). "An ultrasensitive ...
Look up eternal recurrence in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Eternal Recurrence may refer to: Eternal recurrence, a theory ... "Eternal Recurrence", a song by Ride from the 2019 album This Is Not a Safe Place "Eternal Recurrence", music of the Mana series ... Eternal Recurrence", a song by The Ocean from the 2018 album Phanerozoic I: Palaeozoic Eternal Recurrence, a 2014 art ... a 2012 album by Sear Bliss Eternal Recurrence (EP), a 2017 EP by Deradoorian "Eternal Recurrence", a song by Miyuki Hashimoto ...
This defines recurrence relation of first order. A recurrence relation of order k has the form u n = φ ( n , u n − 1 , u n − 2 ... The recurrence of order two satisfied by the Fibonacci numbers is the canonical example of a homogeneous linear recurrence ... This recurrence is widely used in computers because it does not require to build a table as does the bi-dimensional recurrence ... Consider the nonlinear first-order recurrence x n = f ( x n − 1 ) . {\displaystyle x_{n}=f(x_{n-1}).} This recurrence is ...
... is the third studio album by the Taiwanese black metal band Chthonic, released in 2002. The album was ... "Relentless Recurrence - Chthonic". AllMusic. Retrieved April 14, 2021. Padro, Pete (August 14, 2007). "Review: "Chthonic: ... Relentless Recurrence"". Sea of Tranquility. Retrieved April 14, 2021. v t e (Articles with short description, Short ...
... is the repetition of similar events in history. The concept of historic recurrence has variously been ... G.W. Trompf, The Idea of Historical Recurrence in Western Thought, p. 3. G.W. Trompf, The Idea of Historical Recurrence in ... G.W. Trompf, The Idea of Historical Recurrence in Western Thought, p. 192. G.W. Trompf, The Idea of Historical Recurrence in ... G.W. Trompf, The Idea of Historical Recurrence in Western Thought, p. 256. G.W. Trompf, The Idea of Historical Recurrence in ...
... Defining Biochemical Recurrence of Prostate Cancer After Radical Prostatectomy: A Proposal for a ... Biochemical recurrence may occur in patients who do not have symptoms. It may mean that the cancer has come back. Also called ... Biochemical recurrence is a rise in the blood level of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in prostate cancer patients after ... Biochemical recurrence entry in the public domain NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms This article incorporates public domain ...
"Eternal Recurrence by Deradoorian". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved October 19, 2017. Simpson, Paul. "Eternal Recurrence ... gave Eternal Recurrence a 7 out of 10, stating that "[Eternal Recurrence] pulls back on the rhythmic side of her ... Eternal Recurrence is an EP by Deradoorian, a former member of Dirty Projectors. Recorded between 2015 and 2016, it was ... Eternal Recurrence at Discogs v t e (Articles with short description, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles ...
A recurrence tracking microscope (RTM) is a microscope that is based on the quantum recurrence phenomenon of an atomic wave ... In 2006, Farhan Saif used quantum recurrence phenomena of wave packet as a probe to study nano-structures on a surface, naming ... Saif, Farhan (22 March 2006). "Recurrence tracking microscope". Physical Review A. American Physical Society (APS). 73 (3): ... it Recurrence Tracking Microscope (RTM). The tunneling phenomenon is used as a probe to study nano-structure on a surface with ...
The simplest measure is the recurrence rate, which is the density of recurrence points in a recurrence plot: RR = 1 N 2 ∑ i , j ... Recurrence plots are tools which visualise the recurrence behaviour of the phase space trajectory x → ( i ) {\displaystyle {\ ... More exactly, consider the recurrence rate in a diagonal line parallel to LOI of distance k (diagonal-wise recurrence rate or τ ... The recurrence quantification analysis (RQA) was developed in order to quantify differently appearing recurrence plots (RPs), ...
For a given phase in a volume, the recurrence is not necessarily a periodic recurrence. The second recurrence time does not ... The Poincaré recurrence time is the length of time elapsed until the recurrence. This time may vary greatly depending on the ... "proof of Poincaré recurrence theorem 2". planetmath.org. Bocchieri, P.; Loinger, A. (1957). "Quantum Recurrence Theorem". Phys ... To achieve greater accuracy of recurrence, we need to take smaller initial volume, which means longer recurrence time. ...
... is a procedure for calculating a rapidly decreasing solution of a linear recurrence relation ... Then the recurrence relation is used to successively compute trial values for a M − 1 {\displaystyle a_{M-1}} , a M − 2 {\ ... To compute the terms of a recurrence a 0 {\displaystyle a_{0}} through a N {\displaystyle a_{N}} according to Miller's ... Many families of special functions satisfy a recurrence relation that relates the values of the functions of different orders ...
... (CRQ) is a non-linear method that quantifies how similarly two observed data series unfold over ... Shockley, K.; Butwill, M.; Zbilut, J.; Webber, C. (2002). "Cross recurrence quantification of coupled oscillators". Physics ... "Detecting deterministic signals in exceptionally noisy environments using cross-recurrence quantification". Physics Letters A. ... called percentage recurrence, or %REC), among other measures. ...
In mathematics, Somos' quadratic recurrence constant, named after Michael Somos, is the number σ = 1 2 3 ⋯ = 1 1 / 2 2 1 / 4 3 ... "Somos's Quadratic Recurrence Constant". MathWorld. Steven R. Finch, Mathematical Constants (2003), Cambridge University Press, ...
Recurrence plot, a powerful visualisation tool of recurrences in dynamical (and other) systems. Recurrence quantification ... Recurrence period density entropy is useful for characterising the extent to which a time series repeats the same sequence, and ... Recurrence period density entropy (RPDE) is a method, in the fields of dynamical systems, stochastic processes, and time series ... The recurrence period density is a sparse representation for nonlinear, non-Gaussian and nondeterministic signals, whereas the ...
... at MobyGames XyZ: A Tribute to the Xak, Ys and Zelda Series Flame Bird (Archive) (Articles with ... Xak III: The Eternal Recurrence is the final game in a fantasy role-playing video game series called Xak developed and ...
Consider, for example, a recurrence relation of the form a n = A a n − 1 + B a n − 2 . {\displaystyle a_{n}=Aa_{n-1}+Ba_{n-2 ... A linear recurrence with constant coefficients is an equation of the following form, written in terms of parameters a1, …, an ... 10 (also known as a linear recurrence relation or linear difference equation) sets equal to 0 a polynomial that is linear in ... The polynomial's linearity means that each of its terms has degree 0 or 1. A linear recurrence denotes the evolution of some ...
The United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion of truth, justice, reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence works ... reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence". Retrieved July 21, 2018. (United Nations special rapporteurs, Reparations, ...
Historic recurrence. Krystyna Tokarzówna and Stanisław Fita, Bolesław Prus, 1847-1912: Kalendarz życia i twórczości (Bolesław ...
Recurrence sequences. Mathematical Surveys and Monographs. Vol. 104. Providence, RI: American Mathematical Society. p. 140. ...
Smyth (2008) p.324 Everest, Graham; van der Poorten, Alf; Shparlinski, Igor; Ward, Thomas (2003). Recurrence sequences. ...
Everest, Graham; van der Poorten, Alf; Shparlinski, Igor; Ward, Thomas (2003). Recurrence sequences. Mathematical Surveys and ...
... of recurrence. A large meta-analysis from Johns Hopkins University published in Neurosurgery concluded that "there is no clear ... Updated data from the ISAT group in March 2008 shows that the higher aneurysm rate of recurrence is also associated with a ... it is also associated with a significantly higher recurrence rate after treatment. The long-term data for unruptured aneurysms ...
Co-authored Recurrence Sequences with Graham Everest, Thomas Ward, and Igor Shparlinski: American Math. Society (2003) McCarthy ... van der Poorten, Alfred; Ward, Thomas; Shparlinski, Igor; Everest, Graham (2003). Recurrence Sequences. Springer Verlag. ISBN ... the integer sequences derived from recurrence relations, and transcendental numbers. Some of his significant results include ...
Everest, Graham; van der Poorten, Alf; Shparlinski, Igor; Ward, Thomas (2003). Recurrence Sequences. American Mathematical ...
Cp follows the recurrence relation C p = 4 ( C p − 1 + C p − 2 ) + 1 {\displaystyle C_{p}=4(C_{p-1}+C_{p-2})+1} . Sometimes, a ... Recurrence sequences. Mathematical Surveys and Monographs. Vol. 104. Providence, RI: American Mathematical Society. p. 94. ISBN ...
Recurrence, Nimac. Nicosia, Cyprus. Re:Start - Braverman Gallery [he], Tel Aviv Changing Perspectives - Haifa Museum of Art, ...
Colin Mallows has given an explicit recurrence relation a ( 1 ) = 1 ; a ( n + 1 ) = 1 + a ( n + 1 − a ( a ( n ) ) ) {\ ... Recurrence sequences. Mathematical Surveys and Monographs. Vol. 104. Providence, RI: American Mathematical Society. pp. 10, 256 ...
Everest, Graham; van der Poorten, Alf; Shparlinski, Igor; Ward, Thomas (2003). Recurrence sequences. Mathematical Surveys and ...
A new study looks at the safety of restarting anticoagulation following intracranial hemorrhage.
Eternal recurrence is every time you choose an action, you must be willing to choose it for all eternity. We are the leaders in ... Eternal recurrence means that every time you choose an action, you must be willing to choose it for all eternity. And it is the ...
... JAMA. 1974 Jul 22;229(4 ...
Tagrisso cuts lung cancer recurrence by 83%. Eighty-nine percent of Tagrisso patients were alive at the two-year mark and ... Tagrisso cuts lung cancer recurrence by 83% From Fierce Pharma. Tagrisso cuts lung cancer recurrence new study shows. In mid- ... In postsurgery patients with EGFR-mutated non-small cell lung cancer, Tagrisso cut the risk of disease recurrence or death by a ... Post-Surgery Tagrisso cuts lung cancer recurrence The adjuvant results crack open a "commercial opportunity thats quite ...
Tumor Gene Expression Profiling To Predict Risk of Breast Cancer Recurrence: EGAPP™ Recommendation.  alert icon ... However, some of these women will experience a recurrence of their disease (cancer coming back), which may be prevented with ... Knowledge of breast cancer GEP recurrence risk score could possibly help identify those women most likely to benefit from ... Summary of Findings on Gene Expression Profiling To Predict Risk for Breast Cancer Recurrence. In 2009, the independent ...
Smoking habits and recurrence in Crohns disease Gastroenterology. 1994 Mar;106(3):643-8. doi: 10.1016/0016-5085(94)90697-1. ... Background/aims: Smoking may be a risk factor for surgical recurrence of Crohns disease. However, other variables associated ... Results: Independent predictors of clinical recurrence by the Cox proportional hazard model were smoking (hazard ratio, 1.46; ... Conclusions: Smoking is an independent risk factor for clinical, surgical, and endoscopic recurrence in Crohns disease. ...
... if a worker returns to employment following a recurrence and has a subsequent recurrence(s). ... A worker who suffers a recurrence will have a recurrent wage base calculated as follows (Section 72): *The amount that is the ... If a worker is 63 or older at the time of a recurrence and has a loss of earnings, they are entitled to earnings loss benefits ... Recurrence occurs when a worker who stopped work previously and received compensation for earnings loss resulting from a work ...
They observed that two-third of the subjects were free of recurrence. ... found that men whose tumors showed a silencing of CDH13 had a fivefold increased risk of prostate cancer recurrence compared to ... University Cancer Institute researchers report that silencing the gene CDH13 is predictive of prostate cancer recurrence. ...
... Part II of Living with Triple Negative Breast Cancer ... Triple Negative Breast Cancer: Coping with the Fear of Recurrence. *Metastatic Triple Negative Breast Cancer: For Caregivers, ... triple negative breast cancerbreast cancerrecurrencedoctor-patient communicationmind-bodystresscare planning ...
Why recurrence may occur as well as steps you can take to reduce your risk of recurrence is also discussed. ... This article provides tips for managing the fear and anxiety associated with the possibility of cancer recurrence (returning). ... What is a recurrence?. *A recurrence is a return or relapse of your cancer in the original location or somewhere else in the ... Why does recurrence happen?. *The goal of cancer therapy is to remove or kill (through radiation or chemotherapy) all the ...
... 0-9. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. J. K. L. M. N. O. P. Q. R. S. T. ...
... by selecting Analyze , Reliability and Survival , Recurrence Analysis. ... Launch the Recurrence Analysis Platform. Launch the Recurrence Analysis platform by selecting Analyze , Reliability and ... Reliability and Survival Methods , Recurrence Analysis , Launch the Recurrence Analysis Platform. Publication date: 11/29/2021 ... Note: Cost indicators for Recurrence Analysis are the reverse of censor indicators seen in Life Distribution or Survival ...
Cumulative risk for recurrence at 30 days and 1 year was 2.6 and 7.5%, respectively. MAs had higher risk for stroke recurrence ... Stroke recurrence had an important impact on mortality. Efforts to reduce stroke recurrence in MAs are needed. Ann Neurol 2006 ... Objective To determine whether stroke recurrence and the effect of recurrence on mortality differ by ethnicity. Methods Using ... Stroke recurrence was related to mortality to a similar extent across ethnic groups (non-Hispanic white patients: risk ratio, ...
Its only natural to fear cancer recurrence, and completely understandable, but when it starts to ruin your life, its time to ... Fear of cancer recurrence is an audio hypnosis session developed by psychologists to help people who have had cancer relax in ... Download Fear of cancer recurrence and let yourself live well.. Note: If you purchase this cancer download, all proceeds will ... Help diminish fear of cancer recurrence with relaxing hypnosis. A hypnosis audio to quickly calm your dread of cancer coming ...
... disease recurrence, and recurrence-free survival. Materials and Methods Protein microarray analysis of ovarian cancer tissue ... of patients without early recurrence (p = 0.04). Women with high levels of PARP, FANCD2 and/or P53 had first year cumulative ... FANCD2 and P53 protein expression are at increased risk of early ovarian cancer recurrence and platinum resistance. ...
... a new tool may help to predict its recurrence and enable physicians to identify high-risk patients. ... "The data points used to determine recurrence-free survival are quantitative and can predict disease recurrence in the first two ... The research team also showed that the risk of recurrence is greater within the two years after the surgical procedure. The ... New Tool to Predict Recurrence of Rare Parathyroid Cancer Personalised Printable Document (PDF). Please complete this form and ...
... adding radiation therapy to breast-conserving surgery reduced the risk of breast cancer recurrence within 10 years by nearly 15 ... numbers they can give their patients when discussing the use of post-lumpectomy radiation therapy and the risk of recurrence, ... There has been a tendency for people to think that the benefits of radiotherapy are just in terms of stopping local recurrence ... There is the rule of 4, meaning for every four local recurrences prevented, one breast cancer death would be avoided. I will ...
Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez confirms he is suffering a recurrence of cancer. Rough cut (no reporter narration). ... Chavez confirms cancer recurrence. Mar 5 - Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez confirms he is suffering a recurrence of cancer. ...
Endoscopic recurrence was defined by a Rutgeerts inflammation score of ,i0. The proportion of high-frequency clones at baseline ... Smoking is an established risk factor for CD development and recurrence. Clonal T cell expansions have also been implicated in ... Abundant T Cell Clones in Smokers Tied to Crohns Recurrence. - Smokers with T cell-driven pathogenesis may benefit from ... Since most patients with major clonal expansions at surgery had endoscopic recurrence, these may represent a subgroup at risk ...
Does anyone know the chances of recurrence of tumors less than 2cm? I was told they are super low. Does anyone have any ... Does anyone know the chances of recurrence of tumors less than 2cm? I was told they are super low. Does anyone have any ...
... April 28, 2022. by Ahmad Jandal Leave a Comment ... and detect sequences that might signal the recurrence of breast cancer. ... Georgetown Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center have identified new factors that can warn doctors of breast cancer recurrence ...
Yale research suggests diet soda drinkers are less likely to see a recurrence of colon cancer than patients who do not drink ... "Our study clearly shows they help avoid cancer recurrence and death in patients who have been treated for advanced colon cancer ... "While the association between lower colon cancer recurrence and death was somewhat stronger than we suspected, the finding fits ... Yale Study Finds Diet Soda Linked To Lower Risk Of Colon Cancer Recurrence. By Nyssa Kruse ...
... early study suggests that a combination of Herceptin and Taxol seemed to reduce the risk of recurrence of small HER2-positive ...
The Use of DIOVAN to Reduce Post-Cardioversion Recurrence of Atrial Fibrillation Trial (the DRAFT Trial) ... Primary outcome: Time to first AF recurrence on valsartan vs. placebo (time-to-event analysis, log-rank test). Secondary ... The Use of DIOVAN to Reduce Post-Cardioversion Recurrence of Atrial Fibrillation Trial (the DRAFT Trial). Information source: ... Rate of early AF recurrence (within 24 hours) in the 2 groups after achieving SR. Net rate of NSR in the 2 groups at 24 hours. ...
The biological mechanisms through which physical activity reduces metastatic disease recurrence and ... Physical Activity Reduces the Risk of Recurrence and Mortality in Cancer Patients : Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews. ... Physical Activity Reduces the Risk of Recurrence and Mortality in Cancer Patients. Brown, Justin C.1,2,3; Gilmore, L. Anne1,2 ... Summary for table of contents: Physical activity may reduce the risk of metastatic disease recurrence and mortality in cancer ...
Depression significantly impacts five-year survival and recurrence in head and neck cancer patients, according to a new MD ... Depression shortens head and neck cancer survival time, increases recurrence. BY Clayton Boldt, Ph.D. ... Furthermore, depressed participants had a four-and-a-half higher risk of recurrence than non-depressed patients." ...
Linear recurrence on elliptic curve Let Po be a point on elliptic curve E over Zn, n=p*q composite.. Let Fib(k) be k-th ... recurrence.. Is it possible to efficiently compute Fib(big) * Point?. Or is it known to be a hard problem?. The usual doubling ... recurrence.. Is it possible to efficiently compute Fib(big) * Point?. Or is it known to be a hard problem?. The usual doubling ... Linear recurrence on elliptic curve Information & Answers ...
... of cancer survivors experience moderate-severe fear of cancer recurrence (FCR). Self-guided digital interventions have ... Worry about somatic symptoms as a sign of cancer recurrence: prevalence and associations with fear of recurrence and quality of ... Fear of cancer recurrence in adult cancer survivors: a systematic review of quantitative studies. J Cancer Surviv. 2013;7(3): ... Fear of cancer recurrence in patients with localized renal cell carcinoma. JCO Oncology Practice. 2020;16(11):e1264-71. https ...
These may inform how we approach clinical treatment and recurrence in GB. Mathematical modeling (including neural networks) and ... These may inform how we approach clinical treatment and recurrence in GB. Mathematical modelling (including neural networks), ... overall survival remains low with a high incidence of tumor recurrence. Technological advances are continually improving our ... overall survival remains low with a high incidence of tumour recurrence. Technological advances are continually improving our ...

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