Fistula: Abnormal communication most commonly seen between two internal organs, or between an internal organ and the surface of the body.Arteriovenous Fistula: An abnormal direct communication between an artery and a vein without passing through the CAPILLARIES. An A-V fistula usually leads to the formation of a dilated sac-like connection, arteriovenous aneurysm. The locations and size of the shunts determine the degree of effects on the cardiovascular functions such as BLOOD PRESSURE and HEART RATE.Intestinal Fistula: An abnormal anatomical passage between the INTESTINE, and another segment of the intestine or other organs. External intestinal fistula is connected to the SKIN (enterocutaneous fistula). Internal intestinal fistula can be connected to a number of organs, such as STOMACH (gastrocolic fistula), the BILIARY TRACT (cholecystoduodenal fistula), or the URINARY BLADDER of the URINARY TRACT (colovesical fistula). Risk factors include inflammatory processes, cancer, radiation treatment, and surgical misadventures (MEDICAL ERRORS).Cutaneous Fistula: An abnormal passage or communication leading from an internal organ to the surface of the body.Bronchial Fistula: An abnormal passage or communication between a bronchus and another part of the body.Vascular Fistula: An abnormal passage between two or more BLOOD VESSELS, between ARTERIES; VEINS; or between an artery and a vein.Rectal Fistula: An abnormal anatomical passage connecting the RECTUM to the outside, with an orifice at the site of drainage.Gastric Fistula: Abnormal passage communicating with the STOMACH.Urinary Fistula: An abnormal passage in any part of the URINARY TRACT between itself or with other organs.Esophageal Fistula: Abnormal passage communicating with the ESOPHAGUS. The most common type is TRACHEOESOPHAGEAL FISTULA between the esophagus and the TRACHEA.Biliary Fistula: Abnormal passage in any organ of the biliary tract or between biliary organs and other organs.Pancreatic Fistula: Abnormal passage communicating with the PANCREAS.Rectovaginal Fistula: An abnormal anatomical passage between the RECTUM and the VAGINA.Vesicovaginal Fistula: An abnormal anatomical passage between the URINARY BLADDER and the VAGINA.Respiratory Tract Fistula: An abnormal passage communicating between any component of the respiratory tract or between any part of the respiratory system and surrounding organs.Vaginal Fistula: An abnormal anatomical passage that connects the VAGINA to other organs, such as the bladder (VESICOVAGINAL FISTULA) or the rectum (RECTOVAGINAL FISTULA).Tracheoesophageal Fistula: Abnormal passage between the ESOPHAGUS and the TRACHEA, acquired or congenital, often associated with ESOPHAGEAL ATRESIA.Urinary Bladder Fistula: An abnormal passage in the URINARY BLADDER or between the bladder and any surrounding organ.Arterio-Arterial Fistula: Abnormal communication between two ARTERIES that may result from injury or occur as a congenital abnormality.Arteriovenous Shunt, Surgical: Surgical shunt allowing direct passage of blood from an artery to a vein. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Carotid-Cavernous Sinus Fistula: An acquired or spontaneous abnormality in which there is communication between CAVERNOUS SINUS, a venous structure, and the CAROTID ARTERIES. It is often associated with HEAD TRAUMA, specifically basilar skull fractures (SKULL FRACTURE, BASILAR). Clinical signs often include VISION DISORDERS and INTRACRANIAL HYPERTENSION.Digestive System Fistula: An abnormal passage communicating between any components of the digestive system, or between any part of the digestive system and surrounding organ(s).Central Nervous System Vascular Malformations: Congenital, inherited, or acquired abnormalities involving ARTERIES; VEINS; or venous sinuses in the BRAIN; SPINAL CORD; and MENINGES.Pleural DiseasesOral Fistula: An abnormal passage within the mouth communicating between two or more anatomical structures.High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing: Techniques of nucleotide sequence analysis that increase the range, complexity, sensitivity, and accuracy of results by greatly increasing the scale of operations and thus the number of nucleotides, and the number of copies of each nucleotide sequenced. The sequencing may be done by analysis of the synthesis or ligation products, hybridization to preexisting sequences, etc.Cavernous Sinus: An irregularly shaped venous space in the dura mater at either side of the sphenoid bone.Embolization, Therapeutic: A method of hemostasis utilizing various agents such as Gelfoam, silastic, metal, glass, or plastic pellets, autologous clot, fat, and muscle as emboli. It has been used in the treatment of spinal cord and INTRACRANIAL ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATIONS, renal arteriovenous fistulas, gastrointestinal bleeding, epistaxis, hypersplenism, certain highly vascular tumors, traumatic rupture of blood vessels, and control of operative hemorrhage.Duodenal Diseases: Pathological conditions in the DUODENUM region of the small intestine (INTESTINE, SMALL).Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Urethral Diseases: Pathological processes involving the URETHRA.Esophageal Atresia: Congenital abnormality characterized by the lack of full development of the ESOPHAGUS that commonly occurs with TRACHEOESOPHAGEAL FISTULA. Symptoms include excessive SALIVATION; GAGGING; CYANOSIS; and DYSPNEA.Brachiocephalic Veins: Large veins on either side of the root of the neck formed by the junction of the internal jugular and subclavian veins. They drain blood from the head, neck, and upper extremities, and unite to form the superior vena cava.Oroantral Fistula: A fistula between the maxillary sinus and the oral cavity.Renal Dialysis: Therapy for the insufficient cleansing of the BLOOD by the kidneys based on dialysis and including hemodialysis, PERITONEAL DIALYSIS, and HEMODIAFILTRATION.Dura Mater: The outermost of the three MENINGES, a fibrous membrane of connective tissue that covers the brain and the spinal cord.Metagenomics: The genomic analysis of assemblages of organisms.Aortic Diseases: Pathological processes involving any part of the AORTA.Sequence Analysis, RNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, sequencing, and information analysis of an RNA SEQUENCE.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Software: Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.Surgical Flaps: Tongues of skin and subcutaneous tissue, sometimes including muscle, cut away from the underlying parts but often still attached at one end. They retain their own microvasculature which is also transferred to the new site. They are often used in plastic surgery for filling a defect in a neighboring region.Vascular Patency: The degree to which BLOOD VESSELS are not blocked or obstructed.Colonic Diseases: Pathological processes in the COLON region of the large intestine (INTESTINE, LARGE).Coronary Vessel Anomalies: Malformations of CORONARY VESSELS, either arteries or veins. Included are anomalous origins of coronary arteries; ARTERIOVENOUS FISTULA; CORONARY ANEURYSM; MYOCARDIAL BRIDGING; and others.ReadingVeins: The vessels carrying blood away from the capillary beds.Fibrin Tissue Adhesive: An autologous or commercial tissue adhesive containing FIBRINOGEN and THROMBIN. The commercial product is a two component system from human plasma that contains more than fibrinogen and thrombin. The first component contains highly concentrated fibrinogen, FACTOR VIII, fibronectin, and traces of other plasma proteins. The second component contains thrombin, calcium chloride, and antifibrinolytic agents such as APROTININ. Mixing of the two components promotes BLOOD CLOTTING and the formation and cross-linking of fibrin. The tissue adhesive is used for tissue sealing, HEMOSTASIS, and WOUND HEALING.Tomography, X-Ray Computed: Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.Cranial Sinuses: Large endothelium-lined venous channels situated between the two layers of DURA MATER, the endosteal and the meningeal layers. They are devoid of valves and are parts of the venous system of dura mater. Major cranial sinuses include a postero-superior group (such as superior sagittal, inferior sagittal, straight, transverse, and occipital) and an antero-inferior group (such as cavernous, petrosal, and basilar plexus).Drainage: The removal of fluids or discharges from the body, such as from a wound, sore, or cavity.Postoperative Complications: Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.Catheters, Indwelling: Catheters designed to be left within an organ or passage for an extended period of time.Pharyngeal Diseases: Pathological processes involving the PHARYNX.Contig Mapping: Overlapping of cloned or sequenced DNA to construct a continuous region of a gene, chromosome or genome.Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Salivary Gland Fistula: A fistula between a salivary duct or gland and the cutaneous surface of the oral cavity.Ureteral Diseases: Pathological processes involving the URETERS.Hematemesis: Vomiting of blood that is either fresh bright red, or older "coffee-ground" in character. It generally indicates bleeding of the UPPER GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.Cassia: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. Many species of this genus, including the medicinal C. senna and C. angustifolia, have been reclassified into the Senna genus (SENNA PLANT) and some to CHAMAECRISTA.Cerebral Veins: Veins draining the cerebrum.Angiography: Radiography of blood vessels after injection of a contrast medium.Digestive System Surgical Procedures: Surgery performed on the digestive system or its parts.Genomics: The systematic study of the complete DNA sequences (GENOME) of organisms.Cerebral Angiography: Radiography of the vascular system of the brain after injection of a contrast medium.Transcriptome: The pattern of GENE EXPRESSION at the level of genetic transcription in a specific organism or under specific circumstances in specific cells.Abscess: Accumulation of purulent material in tissues, organs, or circumscribed spaces, usually associated with signs of infection.Tissue Adhesives: Substances used to cause adherence of tissue to tissue or tissue to non-tissue surfaces, as for prostheses.Molecular Sequence Annotation: The addition of descriptive information about the function or structure of a molecular sequence to its MOLECULAR SEQUENCE DATA record.Tracheal DiseasesRetrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Blood Vessel Prosthesis: Device constructed of either synthetic or biological material that is used for the repair of injured or diseased blood vessels.Reoperation: A repeat operation for the same condition in the same patient due to disease progression or recurrence, or as followup to failed previous surgery.Genome: The genetic complement of an organism, including all of its GENES, as represented in its DNA, or in some cases, its RNA.Upper Extremity: The region of the upper limb in animals, extending from the deltoid region to the HAND, and including the ARM; AXILLA; and SHOULDER.Cerebrospinal Fluid Rhinorrhea: Discharge of cerebrospinal fluid through the nose. Common etiologies include trauma, neoplasms, and prior surgery, although the condition may occur spontaneously. (Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1997 Apr;116(4):442-9)Vena Cava, Inferior: The venous trunk which receives blood from the lower extremities and from the pelvic and abdominal organs.Anastomosis, Surgical: Surgical union or shunt between ducts, tubes or vessels. It may be end-to-end, end-to-side, side-to-end, or side-to-side.Suture Techniques: Techniques for securing together the edges of a wound, with loops of thread or similar materials (SUTURES).PolyvinylsBlood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation: Surgical insertion of BLOOD VESSEL PROSTHESES to repair injured or diseased blood vessels.Iatrogenic Disease: Any adverse condition in a patient occurring as the result of treatment by a physician, surgeon, or other health professional, especially infections acquired by a patient during the course of treatment.Radial Artery: The direct continuation of the brachial trunk, originating at the bifurcation of the brachial artery opposite the neck of the radius. Its branches may be divided into three groups corresponding to the three regions in which the vessel is situated, the forearm, wrist, and hand.Computational Biology: A field of biology concerned with the development of techniques for the collection and manipulation of biological data, and the use of such data to make biological discoveries or predictions. This field encompasses all computational methods and theories for solving biological problems including manipulation of models and datasets.Axillary Vein: The venous trunk of the upper limb; a continuation of the basilar and brachial veins running from the lower border of the teres major muscle to the outer border of the first rib where it becomes the subclavian vein.Graft Occlusion, Vascular: Obstruction of flow in biological or prosthetic vascular grafts.Pancreaticojejunostomy: Surgical anastomosis of the pancreatic duct, or the divided end of the transected pancreas, with the jejunum. (Dorland, 28th ed)Wounds, Stab: Penetrating wounds caused by a pointed object.Aneurysm, False: Not an aneurysm but a well-defined collection of blood and CONNECTIVE TISSUE outside the wall of a blood vessel or the heart. It is the containment of a ruptured blood vessel or heart, such as sealing a rupture of the left ventricle. False aneurysm is formed by organized THROMBUS and HEMATOMA in surrounding tissue.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Arteriovenous Malformations: Abnormal formation of blood vessels that shunt arterial blood directly into veins without passing through the CAPILLARIES. They usually are crooked, dilated, and with thick vessel walls. A common type is the congenital arteriovenous fistula. The lack of blood flow and oxygen in the capillaries can lead to tissue damage in the affected areas.Pancreatectomy: Surgical removal of the pancreas. (Dorland, 28th ed)Pancreaticoduodenectomy: The excision of the head of the pancreas and the encircling loop of the duodenum to which it is connected.Constriction, Pathologic: The condition of an anatomical structure's being constricted beyond normal dimensions.Sequence Alignment: The arrangement of two or more amino acid or base sequences from an organism or organisms in such a way as to align areas of the sequences sharing common properties. The degree of relatedness or homology between the sequences is predicted computationally or statistically based on weights assigned to the elements aligned between the sequences. This in turn can serve as a potential indicator of the genetic relatedness between the organisms.INDEL Mutation: A mutation named with the blend of insertion and deletion. It refers to a length difference between two ALLELES where it is unknowable if the difference was originally caused by a SEQUENCE INSERTION or by a SEQUENCE DELETION. If the number of nucleotides in the insertion/deletion is not divisible by three, and it occurs in a protein coding region, it is also a FRAMESHIFT MUTATION.Wounds, Gunshot: Disruption of structural continuity of the body as a result of the discharge of firearms.Jugular Veins: Veins in the neck which drain the brain, face, and neck into the brachiocephalic or subclavian veins.Anal Canal: The terminal segment of the LARGE INTESTINE, beginning from the ampulla of the RECTUM and ending at the anus.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Anus DiseasesKidney Failure, Chronic: The end-stage of CHRONIC RENAL INSUFFICIENCY. It is characterized by the severe irreversible kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA) and the reduction in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE to less than 15 ml per min (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002). These patients generally require HEMODIALYSIS or KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION.Iliac Vein: A vein on either side of the body which is formed by the union of the external and internal iliac veins and passes upward to join with its fellow of the opposite side to form the inferior vena cava.Laryngectomy: Total or partial excision of the larynx.Hypospadias: A birth defect due to malformation of the URETHRA in which the urethral opening is below its normal location. In the male, the malformed urethra generally opens on the ventral surface of the PENIS or on the PERINEUM. In the female, the malformed urethral opening is in the VAGINA.Femoral Vein: The vein accompanying the femoral artery in the same sheath; it is a continuation of the popliteal vein and becomes the external iliac vein.Perilymph: The fluid separating the membranous labyrinth from the osseous labyrinth of the ear. It is entirely separate from the ENDOLYMPH which is contained in the membranous labyrinth. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1396, 642)Crohn Disease: A chronic transmural inflammation that may involve any part of the DIGESTIVE TRACT from MOUTH to ANUS, mostly found in the ILEUM, the CECUM, and the COLON. In Crohn disease, the inflammation, extending through the intestinal wall from the MUCOSA to the serosa, is characteristically asymmetric and segmental. Epithelioid GRANULOMAS may be seen in some patients.Metagenome: A collective genome representative of the many organisms, primarily microorganisms, existing in a community.Venae Cavae: The inferior and superior venae cavae.Reconstructive Surgical Procedures: Procedures used to reconstruct, restore, or improve defective, damaged, or missing structures.Ileal Diseases: Pathological development in the ILEUM including the ILEOCECAL VALVE.Intracranial Arteriovenous Malformations: Congenital vascular anomalies in the brain characterized by direct communication between an artery and a vein without passing through the CAPILLARIES. The locations and size of the shunts determine the symptoms including HEADACHES; SEIZURES; STROKE; INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES; mass effect; and vascular steal effect.Enbucrilate: A tissue adhesive that is applied as a monomer to moist tissue and polymerizes to form a bond. It is slowly biodegradable and used in all kinds of surgery, including dental.Sigmoid Diseases: Pathological processes in the SIGMOID COLON region of the large intestine (INTESTINE, LARGE).Pneumonectomy: The excision of lung tissue including partial or total lung lobectomy.Stents: Devices that provide support for tubular structures that are being anastomosed or for body cavities during skin grafting.Dental Fistula: An abnormal passage in the oral cavity on the gingiva.Fatal Outcome: Death resulting from the presence of a disease in an individual, as shown by a single case report or a limited number of patients. This should be differentiated from DEATH, the physiological cessation of life and from MORTALITY, an epidemiological or statistical concept.Meningeal Arteries: Arteries which supply the dura mater.Aorta, Abdominal: The aorta from the DIAPHRAGM to the bifurcation into the right and left common iliac arteries.Esophageal Stenosis: A stricture of the ESOPHAGUS. Most are acquired but can be congenital.Polytetrafluoroethylene: Homopolymer of tetrafluoroethylene. Nonflammable, tough, inert plastic tubing or sheeting; used to line vessels, insulate, protect or lubricate apparatus; also as filter, coating for surgical implants or as prosthetic material. Synonyms: Fluoroflex; Fluoroplast; Ftoroplast; Halon; Polyfene; PTFE; Tetron.Foreign-Body Migration: Migration of a foreign body from its original location to some other location in the body.Jejunal Diseases: Pathological development in the JEJUNUM region of the SMALL INTESTINE.Cranial Fossa, Anterior: The compartment containing the inferior part and anterior extremities of the frontal lobes (FRONTAL LOBE) of the cerebral hemispheres. It is formed mainly by orbital parts of the FRONTAL BONE and the lesser wings of the SPHENOID BONE.Genome, Human: The complete genetic complement contained in the DNA of a set of CHROMOSOMES in a HUMAN. The length of the human genome is about 3 billion base pairs.Urogenital Surgical Procedures: Surgery performed on the urinary tract or its organs and on the male or female genitalia.Aneurysm: Pathological outpouching or sac-like dilatation in the wall of any blood vessel (ARTERIES or VEINS) or the heart (HEART ANEURYSM). It indicates a thin and weakened area in the wall which may later rupture. Aneurysms are classified by location, etiology, or other characteristics.Exophthalmos: Abnormal protrusion of both eyes; may be caused by endocrine gland malfunction, malignancy, injury, or paralysis of the extrinsic muscles of the eye.Databases, Genetic: Databases devoted to knowledge about specific genes and gene products.Phlebography: Radiographic visualization or recording of a vein after the injection of contrast medium.Device Removal: Removal of an implanted therapeutic or prosthetic device.Brachial Artery: The continuation of the axillary artery; it branches into the radial and ulnar arteries.Urologic Surgical Procedures, Male: Surgery performed on the male genitalia.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Iliac Artery: Either of two large arteries originating from the abdominal aorta; they supply blood to the pelvis, abdominal wall and legs.Catheterization: Use or insertion of a tubular device into a duct, blood vessel, hollow organ, or body cavity for injecting or withdrawing fluids for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes. It differs from INTUBATION in that the tube here is used to restore or maintain patency in obstructions.Gene Library: A large collection of DNA fragments cloned (CLONING, MOLECULAR) from a given organism, tissue, organ, or cell type. It may contain complete genomic sequences (GENOMIC LIBRARY) or complementary DNA sequences, the latter being formed from messenger RNA and lacking intron sequences.Perineum: The body region lying between the genital area and the ANUS on the surface of the trunk, and to the shallow compartment lying deep to this area that is inferior to the PELVIC DIAPHRAGM. The surface area is between the VULVA and the anus in the female, and between the SCROTUM and the anus in the male.Ulnar Artery: The larger of the two terminal branches of the brachial artery, beginning about one centimeter distal to the bend of the elbow. Like the RADIAL ARTERY, its branches may be divided into three groups corresponding to their locations in the forearm, wrist, and hand.Gene Expression Profiling: The determination of the pattern of genes expressed at the level of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION, under specific circumstances or in a specific cell.Arm: The superior part of the upper extremity between the SHOULDER and the ELBOW.Expressed Sequence Tags: Partial cDNA (DNA, COMPLEMENTARY) sequences that are unique to the cDNAs from which they were derived.Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage: Bleeding in any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM.Subclavian Vein: The continuation of the axillary vein which follows the subclavian artery and then joins the internal jugular vein to form the brachiocephalic vein.Gastrostomy: Creation of an artificial external opening into the stomach for nutritional support or gastrointestinal compression.Bronchoscopy: Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the bronchi.Surgical Stapling: A technique of closing incisions and wounds, or of joining and connecting tissues, in which staples are used as sutures.Forearm: Part of the arm in humans and primates extending from the ELBOW to the WRIST.Jejunostomy: Surgical formation of an opening through the ABDOMINAL WALL into the JEJUNUM, usually for enteral hyperalimentation.Treatment Failure: A measure of the quality of health care by assessment of unsuccessful results of management and procedures used in combating disease, in individual cases or series.Empyema: Presence of pus in a hollow organ or body cavity.Foreign Bodies: Inanimate objects that become enclosed in the body.Ligation: Application of a ligature to tie a vessel or strangulate a part.Pneumoencephalography: Radiographic visualization of the cerebral ventricles by injection of air or other gas.Angiography, Digital Subtraction: A method of delineating blood vessels by subtracting a tissue background image from an image of tissue plus intravascular contrast material that attenuates the X-ray photons. The background image is determined from a digitized image taken a few moments before injection of the contrast material. The resulting angiogram is a high-contrast image of the vessel. This subtraction technique allows extraction of a high-intensity signal from the superimposed background information. The image is thus the result of the differential absorption of X-rays by different tissues.Esophagoscopy: Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the esophagus.Magnetic Resonance Angiography: Non-invasive method of vascular imaging and determination of internal anatomy without injection of contrast media or radiation exposure. The technique is used especially in CEREBRAL ANGIOGRAPHY as well as for studies of other vascular structures.Pulmonary Artery: The short wide vessel arising from the conus arteriosus of the right ventricle and conveying unaerated blood to the lungs.Thoracostomy: Surgical procedure involving the creation of an opening (stoma) into the chest cavity for drainage; used in the treatment of PLEURAL EFFUSION; PNEUMOTHORAX; HEMOTHORAX; and EMPYEMA.Vascular Surgical Procedures: Operative procedures for the treatment of vascular disorders.Aortography: Radiographic visualization of the aorta and its branches by injection of contrast media, using percutaneous puncture or catheterization procedures.Empyema, Pleural: Suppurative inflammation of the pleural space.Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic: An abnormal balloon- or sac-like dilatation in the wall of the THORACIC AORTA. This proximal descending portion of aorta gives rise to the visceral and the parietal branches above the aortic hiatus at the diaphragm.Esophagostomy: Surgical formation of an external opening (stoma) into the esophagus.Chromosome Mapping: Any method used for determining the location of and relative distances between genes on a chromosome.Thrombosis: Formation and development of a thrombus or blood clot in the blood vessel.Radiography, Interventional: Diagnostic and therapeutic procedures that are invasive or surgical in nature, and require the expertise of a specially trained radiologist. In general, they are more invasive than diagnostic imaging but less invasive than major surgery. They often involve catheterization, fluoroscopy, or computed tomography. Some examples include percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography, percutaneous transthoracic biopsy, balloon angioplasty, and arterial embolization.Spinal Cord Diseases: Pathologic conditions which feature SPINAL CORD damage or dysfunction, including disorders involving the meninges and perimeningeal spaces surrounding the spinal cord. Traumatic injuries, vascular diseases, infections, and inflammatory/autoimmune processes may affect the spinal cord.Endoscopy: Procedures of applying ENDOSCOPES for disease diagnosis and treatment. Endoscopy involves passing an optical instrument through a small incision in the skin i.e., percutaneous; or through a natural orifice and along natural body pathways such as the digestive tract; and/or through an incision in the wall of a tubular structure or organ, i.e. transluminal, to examine or perform surgery on the interior parts of the body.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Obstetric Labor Complications: Medical problems associated with OBSTETRIC LABOR, such as BREECH PRESENTATION; PREMATURE OBSTETRIC LABOR; HEMORRHAGE; or others. These complications can affect the well-being of the mother, the FETUS, or both.Common Bile Duct Diseases: Diseases of the COMMON BILE DUCT including the AMPULLA OF VATER and the SPHINCTER OF ODDI.Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color: Ultrasonography applying the Doppler effect, with the superposition of flow information as colors on a gray scale in a real-time image. This type of ultrasonography is well-suited to identifying the location of high-velocity flow (such as in a stenosis) or of mapping the extent of flow in a certain region.Gastroscopes: Endoscopes used for examining the interior of the stomach.Esophagus: The muscular membranous segment between the PHARYNX and the STOMACH in the UPPER GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.Vertebral Artery: The first branch of the SUBCLAVIAN ARTERY with distribution to muscles of the NECK; VERTEBRAE; SPINAL CORD; CEREBELLUM; and interior of the CEREBRUM.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Thoracotomy: Surgical incision into the chest wall.Venous Pressure: The blood pressure in the VEINS. It is usually measured to assess the filling PRESSURE to the HEART VENTRICLE.Echinococcosis, Hepatic: Liver disease caused by infections with parasitic tapeworms of the genus ECHINOCOCCUS, such as Echinococcus granulosus or Echinococcus multilocularis. Ingested Echinococcus ova burrow into the intestinal mucosa. The larval migration to the liver via the PORTAL VEIN leads to watery vesicles (HYDATID CYST).Chyle: An opaque, milky-white fluid consisting mainly of emulsified fats that passes through the lacteals of the small intestines into the lymphatic system.Surgical Wound Dehiscence: Pathologic process consisting of a partial or complete disruption of the layers of a surgical wound.Intestinal Perforation: Opening or penetration through the wall of the INTESTINES.Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde: Fiberoptic endoscopy designed for duodenal observation and cannulation of VATER'S AMPULLA, in order to visualize the pancreatic and biliary duct system by retrograde injection of contrast media. Endoscopic (Vater) papillotomy (SPHINCTEROTOMY, ENDOSCOPIC) may be performed during this procedure.RNA Isoforms: The different gene transcripts generated from a single gene by RNA EDITING or ALTERNATIVE SPLICING of RNA PRECURSORS.
Monkeys in Chinese culture
401B) are used for anal fistula, and the fat for scabies. Read notes "The placenta, liver, and bile of the gibbon are used in ... Read 1931: no. 404) The Bencao gangmu supplement lists four other monkey-like creatures under feifei. Shandu 山都, which Read ... Read 1931: no. 403) The subentry for the yenü 野女 "wild women" or 野婆 "wild wife" says, The book Bowu Zhi [博物志] by Tang Meng: In ... Read 1931 no. 401A) Juefu 貜父 "a large monkey" compounds jue "an ape" and fu "father". The character jue 貜 combines the "cat/ ...
William Inglis (surgeon)
One branch of the Volusii family had a praedium in the area of Nemi and a fistulae bearing the name of Volusia was also found. ... The inscription which is dated from the mid-1st century reads in Latin which is translated in English: volvsia q. f. cornelia ... The Latin inscription which is found in Rome reads in English: To the Departed Spirits. Elate, hairdresser of Cornelia Volusia ...
John Read (surgeon)
There is a work on fistula by John Arderne, and a version of the Hippocratic oath. There are additions of Read's own. Read ... John Read (fl. 1587-1588) was an English surgeon and medical writer. In Gloucester in 1587, Read was instrumental in having a ... Read married, on 24 June 1588, John Banester's daughter Cicily. Symons, John. "Read, John". Oxford Dictionary of National ... In 1588 Read published a composite work, based on a translation from a surgical text of Franciscus Arceus (Francisco Arceo, ...
He receives the kiss of peace and listens to the reading of a passage of Holy Scripture, whereupon he pronounces an address ... and he consumed a portion of the Host and drank from the Chalice by means of a narrow gold or silver-gilt tube called a fistula ... The Greek Epistle and Gospel were traditionally read by a subdeacon and a deacon from the Byzantine monastery of Grottaferrata ... the Epistle and the Gospel were read in both Greek and Latin and the pope communicated at his throne. After the Mass, the new ...
I should have read more closely. --gråb whåt you cån (talk) 22:13, 28 August 2011 (UTC). Legumes are more important than ... Perhaps you meant the other drumstick tree, Cassia fistula. Nadiatalent (talk) 17:28, 31 August 2011 (UTC). Legume and pulse: ... I haven't read it carefully yet but this article may be of some help for a start. --220.127.116.11 (talk) 00:32, 15 July 2015 (UTC ... Or at least that is my quick reading of it. 18.104.22.168 (talk) 12:30, 4 January 2013 (UTC). Etymology is here. Légume is a ...
List of medieval European scientists
K60) Anal and rectal fissures and fistulas *(K60.3) Anal fistula. *(K60.5) Anorectal fistula (fecal fistula, fistula-in-ano): ... N64.0) Fistula of nipple. *(N82) Fistulae involving female genital tract / Obstetric fistula *(N82.0) Vesicovaginal fistula: ... The Latin word fistula (plural fistulas or fistulae /-li, -laɪ/) literally means tube or pipe. ... K82.3) Fistula of gallbladder. *(K83.3) Fistula of bile duct *Biliary fistula: connecting the bile ducts to the skin surface, ...
A labyrinthine fistula is an abnormal opening in the inner ear. This can result in leakage of the perilymph into the middle ear ... Rarely, these fistulas can be congenital, leading to progressive hearing loss and vertigo in childhood. It has also been a ... The most common cause of this fistula is head or ear trauma. Rapid increases of intracranial pressure can also result in a PLF ... Another type of labyrinthine fistula is a semicircular canal dehiscence, which allows the inner ear to be influenced by the ...
"Rectovaginal fistula: Treatment and Management". Medscape. Retrieved 14 August 2012.. *^ "Rectovaginal fistula Treatments and ... A rectovaginal fistula is a medical condition where there is a fistula or abnormal connection between the rectum and the vagina ... For low fistulae, a vaginal approach is best, while an abdominal repair would be necessary for a high fistula at the posterior ... Rectovaginal fistulas are often the result of trauma during childbirth (in which case it is known as obstetric fistula), with ...
Any reading that is out of normal range triggers an audible alarm to alert the patient-care technician who is monitoring the ... The tube is connected to a 15, 16, or 17 gauge needle inserted in the dialysis fistula or graft, or connected to one port of a ... Patients may have multiple access procedures, usually because an AV fistula or graft is maturing and a catheter is still being ... The placement of a catheter is usually done under light sedation, while fistulas and grafts require an operation. There are ...
Doing Good Better
On the Fastrack
Glossary of communication disorders
Perilymph fistula Leakage of inner ear fluid to the middle ear that occurs without apparent cause or that is associated with ... Reading disorders Any of a group of problems characterized by difficulty using or understanding the symbol system for written ... Cued speech Method of communication that combines speech reading with a system of hand-shapes placed near the mouth to help ... Learning disabilities Childhood disorders characterized by difficulty with certain skills such as reading or writing in ...
Implant (body modification)
Due to the fact that the skin is held open by the metal and a fistula must form around it, similar to a piercing on a larger ... IEEE International Conference on Cybernetic Intelligent Systems, Reading, pp. 106-110, Sept. 2010 http://www.phoenixnewtimes. ... With all the movement in the area the fistula cannot heal properly, and will hurt far worse than a hip piercing.[citation ...
Peter Allen (physician)
DOI:10.1080/15265160902790617 Fixing Sex, Kalahari.com Katrina Karkazis, "Fixing Sex" (recommended reading), Organisation ... fistulas, scarring and lack of physical sensation arising from surgical intervention, and the psychological harm caused by the ... "compelling and recommended reading". The book was referenced by Involuntary or coerced sterilisation of intersex people in ...
St. Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital Center
Traumatic intestinal fistulas usually occur between two loops of intestine (entero-enteric fistula) or intestine and skin ( ... Kendrick, Bryce (2001), The Fifth Kingdom, Mycologue Publications Glass L.; Rasmussen C.; Roca M.G.; Read N. (2004). "Hyphal ... These are usually referred to as fistulas. In the cases of veins or arteries, traumatic fistulas usually occur between artery ... Anastomoses that are abnormal, whether congenital or acquired, are often called fistulas. The term is used in medicine, biology ...
Papal conclave, 1513
The first Scrutiny took place on March 10 after a ceremonial reading of Julius II's bull against simony. The reading was done ... Medici had been in Rome since the 28th of February, but he was suffering from a fistula, and needed to be operated on. He did ... Cardinal Giovanni de' Medici, who had not been attending the Council, was ill in Florence with an anal fistula. He was ruling ... Another required that the text of the Capitulations be read out twice a year in Congregation. Another stated that the Roman ...
Branchial fistula may need surgery. Branchio-oto-renal syndrome (BOR) , is an autosomal dominant genetic disorder involving ... Further reading. *. Pierides, Alkis M.; Athanasiou, Yiannis; Demetriou, Kyproula; Koptides, Michael; Deltas, C. ... People with BOR may also have cysts or fistulae along the sides of their neck.. In some individuals and families, renal ...
Gianna Beretta Molla
The doctors found an unseen complication that caused a rectal-vaginal fistula which was one that the hospital was not equipped ... In September 2015 her daughter Gianna Emanuela read a letter before Pope Francis during the 2015 World Meeting of Families in ... her lead and the group soon discovered that Cirilo's pain had disappeared with the doctors amazed at the fact that the fistula ...
Henry Michell Wagner
He had an operation to repair a fistula in 1833. Then in 1855, he suffered an unknown feverish illness which was so severe it ... For example, after an evening spent with his future wife Elizabeth, his diary entry for the day read "O qual gioja!" (Oh what ... St George's Church near the Kemp Town estate was sponsored by the estate's developer Thomas Read Kemp and opened on 1 January ... Of the £15,000 construction cost, £6,000 had already been raised by its founder Thomas Read Kemp and George Wyndham, 3rd Earl ...
This offers hope that in malaria endemic areas, obstructed labour and vesicovaginal fistula (VVF) might be prevented by ... His interests include gardening, music appreciation, and reading good books on current affairs and cricket. Kelsey Harrison ... Nigeria Campaign to end fistula www.endfistula.org International Day to End Fistula 23 May http://www.un.org/en/events/ ...
The Golden Rump
On reading the manuscript of The Golden Rump Walpole immediately put a stop to any attempt of the public performance of the ... to which he had acquired a fistula by early 1737. All these personal deficiencies were mercilessly lampooned by Opposition ... The subtitle of the print reads "Rumpatur, quisquis Rumpitur invidia", dog Latin for what The Common Sense translated as " ...
Any part of the tract can persist, causing a sinus, fistula or cyst. Most fistulae are acquired following rupture or incision ... Further reading. *. Brewis C, Mahadevan M, Bailey CM, Drake DP (2000). "Investigation and treatment of thyroglossal cysts ... Thyroglossal Fistula. A thyroglossal duct cyst may rupture unexpectedly, resulting in a draining sinus known as a ... thyroglossal fistula. Thyroglossal fistula can develop when the removal of the cyst has not been fully completed. This is ...
Sex reassignment surgery
Perhaps the most difficult aspect of membranous glomerulonephritis is deciding which people to treat with immunosuppressive therapy as opposed to simple "background" or anti-proteinuric therapies. A large part of this difficulty is due to a lack of ability to predict which people will progress to end-stage kidney disease, or kidney disease severe enough to require dialysis. Because the above medications carry risk, treatment should not be initiated without careful consideration as to risk/benefit profile. Of note, corticosteroids (typically Prednisone) alone are of little benefit. They should be combined with one of the other 5 medications, each of which, along with prednisone, has shown some benefit in slowing down progression of membranous nephropathy. It must be kept in mind, however, that each of the 5 medications also carry their own risks, on top of prednisone. The twin aims of treating membranous nephropathy are first to induce a remission of the nephrotic syndrome and second to prevent ...
Lamellar corpuscles, or Pacinian corpuscles, are pressure receptors located in the skin and also in various internal organs. Each is connected to a sensory neuron. Because of its relatively large size, a single lamellar corpuscle can be isolated and its properties studied. Mechanical pressure of varying strength and frequency can be applied to the corpuscle by stylus, and the resulting electrical activity detected by electrodes attached to the preparation. Deforming the corpuscle creates a generator potential in the sensory neuron arising within it. This is a graded response: the greater the deformation, the greater the generator potential. If the generator potential reaches threshold, a volley of action potentials (nerve impulses) are triggered at the first node of Ranvier of the sensory neuron. Once threshold is reached, the magnitude of the stimulus is encoded in the frequency of impulses generated in the neuron. So the more massive or rapid the deformation of a single corpuscle, the higher ...
Hypertensive kidney disease
Urinary tract infection
A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection that affects part of the urinary tract. When it affects the lower urinary tract it is known as a bladder infection (cystitis) and when it affects the upper urinary tract it is known as a kidney infection (pyelonephritis). Symptoms from a lower urinary tract infection include pain with urination, frequent urination, and feeling the need to urinate despite having an empty bladder. Symptoms of a kidney infection include fever and flank pain usually in addition to the symptoms of a lower UTI. Rarely the urine may appear bloody. In the very old and the very young, symptoms may be vague or non-specific. The most common cause of infection is Escherichia coli, though other bacteria or fungi may rarely be the cause. Risk factors include female anatomy, sexual intercourse, diabetes, obesity, and family history. Although sexual intercourse is a risk factor, UTIs are not classified as sexually transmitted infections (STIs). ...
Prevention includes the use of breast milk and probiotics. A 2012 policy by the American Academy of Pediatrics recommended feeding preterm infants human milk, finding "significant short- and long-term beneficial effects," including reducing the rate of NEC by a factor of two or more. Small amounts of oral feeds of human milk starting as soon as possible, while the infant is being primarily fed intravenously, primes the immature gut to mature and become ready to receive greater intake by mouth. Human milk from a milk bank or donor can be used if mother's milk is unavailable. The gut mucosal cells do not get enough nourishment from arterial blood supply to stay healthy, especially in very premature infants, where the blood supply is limited due to immature development of the capillaries, so nutrients from the lumen of the gut are needed. A Cochrane review in 2014 found that supplementation of probiotics enterally "prevents severe NEC as well as all-cause mortality in preterm ...
Ellis-van Creveld syndrome
The failure of the metanephros to develop in cases of BRA and some cases involving unilateral renal agenesis (URA) is due primarily to the failure of the mesonephric duct to produce a ureteric bud capable of inducing the metanephric mesenchyme. The failed induction will thereby cause the subsequent degeneration of the metanephros by apoptosis and other mechanisms. The mesonephric duct(s) of the agenic kidney(s) will also degenerate and fail to connect with the bladder. Therefore, the means by which the fetus produces urine and transports it to the bladder for excretion into the amniotic sac has been severely compromised (in the cases of URA), or completely eliminated (in the cases of BRA). The decreased volume of amniotic fluid causes the growing fetus to become compressed by the mother's uterus. This compression can cause many physical deformities of the fetus, most common of which is Potter facies. Lower extremity anomalies are frequent in these cases, which often presents with clubbed feet ...
Human digestive system
In medicine, Friedreich's sign is the exaggerated drop in diastolic central venous pressure seen in constrictive pericarditis (particularly with a stiff calcified pericardium) and manifested as abrupt collapse of the neck veins or marked descent of the central venous pressure waveform.. The sign is named after Nikolaus Friedreich.. ...
The ideal treatment for IgAN would remove IgA from the glomerulus and prevent further IgA deposition. This goal still remains a remote prospect. There are a few additional caveats that have to be considered while treating IgA nephropathy. IgA nephropathy has a very variable course, ranging from a benign recurrent hematuria up to a rapid progression to chronic kidney failure and failure of other major organs. Hence the decision on which patients to treat should be based on the prognostic factors and the risk of progression. Also, IgA nephropathy recurs in transplants despite the use of ciclosporin, azathioprine or mycophenolate mofetil, cyclophosphamide, Isotretinoin and steroids in these patients. There are persisting uncertainties, due to the limited number of patients included in the few controlled randomized studies performed to date, which hardly produce statistically significant evidence regarding the heterogeneity of IgA nephropathy patients, the diversity of study treatment protocols, and ...
The resulting ischemia prompts further release of vasoactive substances including prostaglandins, free radicals, and thrombotic/mitotic growth factors, completing a vicious cycle of inflammatory changes. If the process is not stopped, homeostatic failure begins, leading to loss of cerebral and local autoregulation, organ system ischemia and dysfunction, and myocardial infarction. Single-organ involvement is found in approximately 83% of hypertensive emergency patients, two-organ involvement in about 14% of patients, and multi-organ failure (failure of at least 3 organ systems) in about 3% of patients. In the brain, hypertensive encephalopathy - characterized by hypertension, altered mental status, and swelling of the optic disc - is a manifestation of the dysfunction of cerebral autoregulation. Cerebral autoregulation is the ability of the blood vessels in the brain to maintain a constant blood flow. People who suffer from chronic hypertension can tolerate higher arterial pressure ...
Symptoms of mild cinchonism (which may occur from standard therapeutic doses of quinine) include flushed and sweaty skin, ringing of the ears (tinnitus), blurred vision, impaired hearing, confusion, reversible high-frequency hearing loss, headache, abdominal pain, rashes, drug-induced lichenoid reaction (lichenoid photosensitivity), vertigo, dizziness, dysphoria, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Large doses of quinine may lead to severe (but reversible) symptoms of cinchonism: skin rashes, deafness, somnolence, diminished visual acuity or blindness, anaphylactic shock, and disturbances in heart rhythm or conduction, and death from cardiotoxicity (damage to the heart). Quinine may also trigger a rare form of hypersensitivity reaction in malaria patients, termed blackwater fever, that results in massive hemolysis, hemoglobinemia, hemoglobinuria, and kidney failure. Most symptoms of cinchonism (except in severe cases) are reversible and disappear once quinine is withdrawn. ...
Conductive hearing loss
A Spigelian hernia (or lateral ventral hernia) is a hernia through the Spigelian fascia, which is the aponeurotic layer between the rectus abdominis muscle medially, and the semilunar line laterally. These are generally interparietal hernias, meaning that they do not lie below the subcutaneous fat but penetrate between the muscles of the abdominal wall; therefore, there is often no notable swelling. Spigelian hernias are usually small and therefore risk of strangulation is high. Most occur on the right side. (4th-7th decade of life.) Compared to other types of hernias they are rare. ...
Uterus - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Dermatopathia pigmentosa reticularis
Surgical tissue adhesives for the prevention of postoperative pancreatic fistula following pancreatic surgery | Cochrane
Read the full abstract.... Background: Postoperative pancreatic fistula is one of the most frequent and potentially life- ... A fistula occurs when the reconnection does not heal properly, creating a leak of pancreatic juice from the pancreas to the ... Surgical tissue adhesives for the prevention of postoperative pancreatic fistula following pancreatic surgery. Review question ... Postoperative pancreatic fistula is a complication that may follow major surgery for cancer or inflammation of the pancreas, a ...
Oesophageal atresia (OA) with/without tracheo-oesophageal fistula (TOF)
Read about the governance process around the Starship Clinical Guidelines and how to format guidelines in development. ... Gentle handling: All care should be taken to minimize crying as this tends to fill the stomach with air via the fistula ... Oesophageal atresia (OA) with/without tracheo-oesophageal fistula (TOF). This document is only valid for the day on which it is ... Passage of air through the distal fistula also diminishes the effective tidal volume.. 2. Inadvertent feeding or overflow of ...
Esophageal Atresia and Tracheoesophageal Fistula - Children's Health Issues - Merck Manuals Consumer Version
Esophageal Atresia and Tracheoesophageal Fistula - Learn about the causes, symptoms, diagnosis & treatment from the Merck ... Others also read Esophageal Atresia and Tracheoesophageal Fistula Anorectal Malformations Overview of Digestive Tract Birth ... A tracheoesophageal fistula is dangerous because it allows swallowed food and saliva to travel through the fistula to the lungs ... Atresia and Fistula: Defects in the Esophagus. In esophageal atresia, the esophagus narrows or comes to a blind end. It does ...
Vesicovaginal fistula Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatments and Causes - RightDiagnosis.com
Vesicovaginal fistula information including symptoms, diagnosis, misdiagnosis, treatment, causes, patient stories, videos, ... Vesicovaginal Fistula. Vesicovaginal fistula: Deaths. Read more about Deaths and Vesicovaginal fistula. Vesicovaginal fistula: ... Its symptoms can...read more » Read more about Misdiagnosis and Vesicovaginal fistula Vesicovaginal fistula: Research Doctors ... Contents for Vesicovaginal fistula: *Vesicovaginal fistula *What is Vesicovaginal fistula? *Types of Vesicovaginal fistula * ...
Tracheal agenesis without tracheoesophageal fistula Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatments and Causes - RightDiagnosis.com
Tracheal agenesis without tracheoesophageal fistula information including symptoms, diagnosis, misdiagnosis, treatment, causes ... Some of the better known...read more » Read more about Misdiagnosis and Tracheal agenesis without tracheoesophageal fistula ... Read more about causes of Tracheal agenesis without tracheoesophageal fistula.. Tracheal agenesis without tracheoesophageal ... Types of Tracheal agenesis without tracheoesophageal fistula User Interactive Forums. Read about other experiences, ask a ...
Quick Facts: Esophageal Atresia and Tracheoesophageal Fistula - MSD Manual Consumer Version
Esophageal Atresia and Tracheoesophageal Fistula - Learn about the causes, symptoms, diagnosis & treatment from the MSD Manuals ... Others also read Esophageal Atresia and Tracheoesophageal Fistula Anorectal Malformations Overview of Digestive Tract Birth ... A fistula is a hole connecting 2 organs.Tracheoesophageal fistula is an opening between the esophagus and windpipe (trachea), ... What are esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula? The esophagus is the tube that carries food and liquids from your ...
Most recent papers with the keyword Pulmonary arteriovenous fistula | Read by QxMD
Multiple pulmonary arteriovenous fistulae are a rare occurrence, especially when involving both lungs. Fistulae located at the ... www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30350874/cardiorenal-syndrome-in-renal-transplant-recipients-it-s-the-fistula-at-fault-a-case-series ... www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30007907/two-cases-of-high-output-heart-failure-as-initial-presentation-of-iliac-arteriovenous-fistula ... www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886213/endovascular-treatment-of-a-large-iliac-vein-aneurysm-and-high-flow-arteriovenous-fistula ...
Most recent papers with the keyword Biliary fistula | Read by QxMD
... www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479416/need-brooks-no-delay-peritoneo-cutaneous-fistula-formation-secondary-to-gallstone-dropped-at- ... www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543060/successful-endoscopic-management-of-a-persistent-bronchobiliary-fistula-with-histoacryl-%C3%A2 ... www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480801/late-onset-of-biliopleural-fistula-following-percutaneous-transhepatic-biliary-drainage-a-case ... www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470323/biliary-enteric-fistula-a-rare-complication-of-peptic-ulcer-disease-in-children ...
Perilymph Fistula: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment
A perilymph fistula is a tear in the membranes between your inner and middle year. Learn about the symptoms it can cause, how ... Perilymph fistulas can also be present at birth in some cases. Some people report developing spontaneous perilymph fistulas ... The recovery period may seem long, but straining the fistula before it fully heals can lead to a persistent fistula. ... Some perilymph fistulas heal on their own with rest, but in some cases, you may need a blood patch or surgery. While the ...
Obstetric fistula as a neglected tropical disease | ScienceBlogs
Works cited and further reading. Wall, LL (2012). Obstetric Fistula Is a "Neglected Tropical Disease" PLoS Neglected Tropical ... While obstetric fistula mirrors many other NTDs, there is one way it is also unique--it affects women solely, and particularly ... The baby was stillborn and Mahabouba had developed a fistula--a hole had formed between the tissue in her vagina and her rectum ... Found by a missionary, she was taken to the Addis Ababa fistula hospital. The damage to her body was too severe to completely ...
US: Bill Offers Hope to Fistula Sufferers | Human Rights Watch
More Reading. * July 15, 2010. Report. "I Am Not Dead, But I Am Not Living". ... Fistula leads to frequent infections, painful genital ulcers, a fetid odor, infertility, and nerve damage. Fistula triggers ... The bill would also provide support for fistula repair surgery. Current programs to address fistula largely focus on treatment ... Human Rights Watch interviewed 55 fistula survivors in Kenya in 2009 and 2010, documenting the devastating impact of fistula on ...
USAID Helps Nigeria Reduce Burden of Fistula in Mothers | News | Nigeria | U.S. Agency for International Development
Nigerias Minister of Health Professor Isaac Adewole took his Ministrys efforts to rid Nigeria of untreated obstetric fistula ... Implemented by Engender Health, Fistula Care Plus supports prevention and treatment of obstetric fistula through surgeries and ... "We are grateful for the care and happy Sarah is free of fistula," said husband said after the surgery. "It has been a long and ... Obstetric fistula is the result of prolonged labor without prompt medical intervention, and is most common among women living ...
fistula | Origin and meaning of fistula by Online Etymology Dictionary
... from Latin fistula a pipe; ulcer, which is of uncertain origin.… See definitions of fistula. ... fistula (n.). long, narrow ulcer, late 14c., from Latin fistula a pipe; ulcer, which is of uncertain origin. Related: ... fistula. (. n.. ). an abnormal passage leading from a suppurating cavity to the body surface. ; ... FISTULA Meaning: long, narrow ulcer, late 14c., ... Entries related to fistula. *fester. Others are reading. Share ...
Patch Repair of Ileoanal Pouch-Vaginal Fistula with Permacol Collagen Implant
Read the Article. Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library. ... While pouch-vaginal fistulas are more common, pouch-sacral fistulas are a rare event and treatment is still controversial. The ... Pouch-vaginal fistulae affect 6 % of women after ileal pouch-anal anastomosis. Such fistulae significantly impact on the ... Background: Fistula between an ileal pouch and the vagina, anus, or perineum is an uncommon complication of ileal pouch-anal ...
Letter: Arteriovenous fistula and congestive heart failure
TODAYS MOST READ ESSAYS. * History of Immigration Laws in the U.S. ... Congenital Arteriovenous Fistula of the Renal Vessels: An Exceptional Cause of Congestive Heart Failure in the Elderly: A Case ... Renal arteriovenous fistula is a rare clinical entity that may produce high-output cardiac failure. This report describes the ... Cerebral arteriovenous fistula to pulmonary artery onyx embolization. Herman, T. E.; Siegel, M. J.; Vachharajani, A.; Masand, P ...
Fibrin glue | biochemistry | Britannica.com
... and lung fistulas. Fibrin glue can be made from a donors plasma; however, the risk of disease… ... fistula: Fibrin glue, which is typically made from the patients blood (autologous fibrin glue) and contains the clotting ... use in fistula treatment. * In fistula. Fibrin glue, which is typically made from the patients blood (autologous fibrin glue) ... and lung fistulas. Fibrin glue can be made from a donors plasma; however, the risk of disease… ...
How is a urinary fistula treated following a partial nephrectomy nephron-sparing surgery (NSS)?
... and How is a urinary fistula treated following a partial nephrectomy nephron-sparing surgery (NSS)? What to Read Next on ... Urinary fistula after robot-assisted partial nephrectomy: a multicentre analysis of 1 791 patients. BJU Int. 2016 Jan. 117 (1): ... How is a urinary fistula treated following a partial nephrectomy nephron-sparing surgery (NSS)?. Updated: Mar 31, 2019 ... encoded search term (How is a urinary fistula treated following a partial nephrectomy nephron-sparing surgery (NSS)?) ...
Which medications in the drug class Laxatives, Bulk-Producing are used in the treatment of Anal Fistulas and Fissures?
Long-term results of ligation of intersphincteric fistula tract (LIFT) for fistula-in-ano. Dis Colon Rectum. 2013 Mar. 56(3): ... Drugs & Diseases , Emergency Medicine , Anal Fistulas and Fissures Q&A Which medications in the drug class Laxatives, Bulk- ... Video-assisted anal fistula treatment: a high volume unit initial experience. Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 2018 Jan. 100(1):37-41. [ ... Anal fistula surgery. Factors associated with recurrence and incontinence. Dis Colon Rectum. 1996 Jul. 39(7):723-9. [Medline]. ...
Gastrointestinal fistula: Causes, treatment, and complications
Learn about the diagnosis and treatment of gastrointestinal fistulae here. ... A gastrointestinal fistula occurs when part of the digestive tract connects abnormally to the skin or another organ in the body ... Learn about what happens during a CT scan, how to prepare for one, and what to expect afterward. Read now ... Doctors may also call a gastrointestinal fistula an enterocutaneous fistula or an intestinal fistula.. A gastrointestinal ...
Blood when I wipe: 11 causes of rectal bleeding
Read now. 2. Fistulas. A fistula occurs when an abnormal opening or pocket develops between two neighboring organs. Fistulas ... Warm baths, a high-fiber diet, and stool softeners can all help reduce symptoms of fistula. In severe cases, fissures may ... Fistulas are sometimes treated with antibiotics, but they may require surgery if they progress. ... Find out about causes, symptoms, and treatments for anal fissures here. Read now ...
Women's fistula stories from Uganda
Find out more about the RCOGs work at Kitovu fistula clinic.. Read more stories from women who have suffered from fistula. * ... Womens fistula stories from Uganda. Kitovu Health Care Complex is a Catholic mission hospital situated in the Masaka region of ... "I heard an advert for the fistula camp at Kitovu on the radio. After I was cured I felt like giving everything to the nurses ... Christine had a fistula operation 5 years ago at Kitovu and has recently given birth to a healthy baby girl. ...
Dural arteriovenous fistulas as a cause of intracranial hypertension due to impairment of cranial venous outflow | Journal of...
Dural arteriovenous fistulas as a cause of intracranial hypertension due to impairment of cranial venous outflow ... Dural arteriovenous fistulas as a cause of intracranial hypertension due to impairment of cranial venous outflow ... Dural arteriovenous fistulas as a cause of intracranial hypertension due to impairment of cranial venous outflow ...
Aortic regurgitation and sinus of Valsalva-right atrial fistula after blunt thoracic trauma. | Heart
Aortic regurgitation and sinus of Valsalva-right atrial fistula after blunt thoracic trauma. ... Aortic regurgitation and sinus of Valsalva-right atrial fistula after blunt thoracic trauma. ... a sinus of Valsalva-right atrial fistula, in the absence of a congenital sinus of Valsalva aneurysm, has been reported only ... and a sinus of Valsalva-right atrial fistula after blunt chest trauma, and its surgical management. The need for preoperative ...
Value of transoesophageal echocardiography in surgical ligation of coronary artery fistulas. | Heart
Coronary artery fistula: report of three cases. | Thorax
Role of automatic staplers in the aetiology of bronchopleural fistula. | Thorax
The incidence of bronchopleural fistula in 130 patients who had pneumonectomies has been reviewed. Patients were divided into ... It is concluded that this undoubtedly contributes to the significantly higher incidence of bronchopleural fistula, and that the ... The incidence of bronchopleural fistula was 4.2% in group 1 and 15.2% in group 2 (p less than 0.05). The two staplers were ...
Outcomes following surgical versus endovascular treatment of spinal dural arteriovenous fistula: a systematic review and meta...
As surgeries triple, Kenya aims to end shame of fistula | Reuters
We know that we cannot get rid of fistula in five or 10years but we hope to end it in a generation.She attributed the ... one of Kenyas leading fistula treatmentcentres.The surge in numbers is due to the fact that we now havemore surgeons and ... The Fistula Foundations chief executive, with almost2,500 operations performed by 2017 thanks to funding by theorganisation. ... he told theThomson Reuters Foundation in a phone interview.At least two million women globally live with fistula, whichis ...
Management of anal fistula | The BMJ
Pleural Effusion with Pancreaticopleural Fistula | The BMJ
Retrograde pancreatography during operation defined the course of the fistula. In two other cases the fistula was demonstrated ... before lung expansion obscures the fistula, is emphasized. Cases of pancreaticopleural fistula may be commoner than supposed. ... Three patients with pleural effusion were found to have pancreaticopleural fistulas passing through an opening in the diaphragm ... Pleural Effusion with Pancreaticopleural Fistula. Br Med J 1973; 1 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.1.5849.330 (Published 10 ...
WHO recommendation on duration of bladder catheterization after surgical repair of simple obstetric urinary fistula | RHL
You may also want to read. RHL Article. WHO recommendation on birth preparedness and complication readiness. Birth preparedness ... For the purposes of this recommendation, the GDG considered "simple" fistula as a mid-anterior vaginal wall fistula with ... excluded women with a history of fistula repair, and any current vesicovaginal fistula with circumferential involvement of the ... For fistula cases that are not considered simple, an option different to the one recommended in this guideline may be required. ...
Esophageal atresia/fistula - Oncology Nurse Advisor
Want to read more?. Please login or register first to view this content. ... Once the fistula is identified, the FFB can help confirm placement of the ETT distal to the fistula if that is necessary. The ... It can be used initially to locate the fistula and confirm its position and size. In the case of a high fistula, the ETT may ... It can migrate into a mainstem bronchus or worse, into the fistula itself. In about a third of cases, the fistula will be too ...
Fistula Hospital - Birthing Naturally
Learning to Read Carefully In Uncategorized * The Birth Worker Survey In Uncategorized ... Fistula Hospital. Jennifer Vanderlaan May 11, 2008. Comments Off on Fistula Hospital ... So, if we are lucky, we will be able to visit the Fistula Hospital and learn more about their work. If we are really lucky we ... In Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, Cahterine Hamlin and her late husband worked to create the Fistula Hospital. It is a facility that ...
Uterine fistula - Hysterectomy - MedHelp
... because of something you read on this Site. We offer this Site AS IS and without any warranties. By using this Site you agree ... A fistula is an abnormal connection between an organ, vessel, or intestine and another structure. Fistulas are usually the ... A fistula is an abnormal connection between an organ, vessel, or intestine and another structure. Fistulas are usually the ... Uterine fistula soth2006 My wife recently had a c-section. Her uterus was Td twice up and down to get the baby out. The Uterus ...
Heal Anal Fistula without surgery? - Colitis - MedHelp
... because of something you read on this Site. We offer this Site AS IS and without any warranties. By using this Site you agree ... Heal Anal Fistula without surgery? sunnygirl26 About a month and a half ago I had a papillae (skin tag) removed from the anal ... Only very few fistulas heal by themselves and most need surgery. Other options like fibrin glue or collagen plug to seal the ... He had taken a look and said I have an anal fistula. Its basically an infected anal gland that had made a tear or tunnel to ...
MSC transplantation can be safe, effective approach to treat Crohn's disease-related fistula
... to achieve a cure and prevent recurrent of Crohns disease-related fistula can be a safe and effective addition to surgery. ... Read in:. EnglishEspañolFrançaisDeutschPortuguêsItaliano日本語한국어简体中文繁體中文NederlandsРусскийSvenskaPolski ... Fistulas, especially anorectal fistulas, are a common complication of the inflammatory intestinal disorder Crohns disease. ... Tags: Cell, Crohns Disease, Crohns Disease, Education, Fistula, Gene, Gene Therapy, Medical School, Stem Cell, Surgery, T- ...
TracheoesophagealTracheo-oesophaThoracicTreatmentGastricStomachPatientsOrgansObstetricArterio-venous fistulaTraining fistula surgeonsHemodialysisSurgeriesSurgeonsRectumVaginaPerianal fistulaBladderCrohn's DiseasePreventableDistalAccess to fistula treatmentSystematic reviewIncidenceCaused by prolonged obstructed laborEvidence of a fistulaClosure of the fistulaCampaign to end fistulaSurvivorsTreatment of analFunding fistula treatmentSurgicallyPostoperative2017Coronary arteryUrinaryInflammatoryVesico VaginalType of fistulaTracheo-esophagBurden of FistulaTypes of fistulasBacklog of fistulaVictims of fistulaSymptoms of fistulaSuffer from fistulaAbscess and Fistula50,000OccursVesicovaginalEnterocutaneousTraumaticDiseaseInterventionIntestinalUNFPAWomenFISSURETracheoesophageal fistula
- Most newborns with esophageal atresia also have an abnormal connection between the esophagus and the windpipe (trachea) called tracheoesophageal fistula. (merckmanuals.com)
- A tracheoesophageal fistula is dangerous because it allows swallowed food and saliva to travel through the fistula to the lungs, leading to coughing, choking, difficulty breathing, and possibly aspiration pneumonia (due to inhaling food or saliva). (merckmanuals.com)
- A tracheoesophageal fistula is an abnormal connection between the esophagus and the trachea (which leads to the lungs). (merckmanuals.com)
- How can doctors tell if my child has esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula? (msdmanuals.com)
- How do doctors treat esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula? (msdmanuals.com)
- For tracheoesophageal fistula, they'll close the connection between the esophagus and windpipe. (msdmanuals.com)
- Out today in PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases , Dr. L. Lewis Wall of Washington University in St. Louis argues that obstetric fistula should be included among the neglected tropical diseases (NTDs), which currently include a variety of infectious conditions . (scienceblogs.com)
- Though obstetric fistula isn't an infectious disease, it certainly fits the other parameters for a NTD. (scienceblogs.com)
- This would mean focusing attention on a huge category of human need that is also neglected as are the traditonal NTDs and could mean a significant uptick in funding for programs to deal with maternal health generally, and obstructed labor/obstetric fistula particularly. (scienceblogs.com)
- Indeed, history has shown that obstetric fistulas are fairly easy to prevent and treat, given the proper medical personnel and training. (scienceblogs.com)
- Obstetric fistula is a devastating childbirth injury causing leakage of urine and feces from the vagina that largely afflicts poor, rural, and illiterate women in deve loping countries who lack access to emergency care or money for repair surgery. (hrw.org)
- The Obstetric Fistula Prevention, Treatment, Hope, and Dignity Restoration Act of 2011 would require the US government to provide comprehensive assistance to prevent and treat fistula. (hrw.org)
- It also would require the US government to support programs that would address the underlying social and economic contributors to obstetric fistula, such as early marriage and a lack of access to education for girls, since adolescents are more prone to developing fistula. (hrw.org)
- Obstetric fistula can be prevented by timely access to emergency obstetric care and the presence of skilled attendants during pregnancy and childbirth. (hrw.org)
- Nigeria's Minister of Health Professor Isaac Adewole took his Ministry's efforts to rid Nigeria of untreated obstetric fistula into his own hands by "scrubbing in" at a recent free surgical repair clinic for fistula patients at an Osun State hospital. (usaid.gov)
- The Minister led a team of Nigeria's top obstetric surgeons who participate in a free USAID supported benefit, which marked the commencement of a joint initiative to expand access to fistula repair treatments to more residents of Osun and Oyo states as part of a general push to improve access to the much needed and largely neglected services across the country. (usaid.gov)
- Obstetric fistula is the result of prolonged labor without prompt medical intervention, and is most common among women living in impoverished households. (usaid.gov)
- Implemented by Engender Health, Fistula Care Plus supports prevention and treatment of obstetric fistula through surgeries and urethral catheterization, and rehabilitation of obstetric fistula clients in 13 states across Nigeria. (usaid.gov)
- Under the leadership of Honorary Fellow of the RCOG, Dr Maura Lynch, the hospital hosts four fistula camps per year, led by Mr Shane Duffy FRCOG who also led the first emergency newborn and obstetric care course at Kitovu in March 2014. (rcog.org.uk)
- For women in the postoperative period after the surgical repair of a simple obstetric urinary fistula, short duration bladder catheterization (7 to 10 days) is recommended as an alternative to longer duration of catheterization. (who.int)
- This recommendation is applicable to any context where women experience simple obstetric urinary fistula due to obstructed labour. (who.int)
- While shorter hospitalization associated with shorter postoperative bladder catheterization would increase the availability of fistula care services (so that more patients could potentially be treated), this should be carefully balanced with the quality of services (i.e. the provision of a holistic care package to women who are recovering from obstetric fistula repair). (who.int)
- An obstetric fistula is an abnormal opening between a woman's genital tract and her urinary tract and/or rectum caused by prolonged obstructed labour. (who.int)
- While obstetric fistula is a rare condition in high-income countries,(1) in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia prevalence is estimated at 1.6 and 1.2 per 1000 women, respectively. (who.int)
- 2) Most obstetric urinary (vesicovaginal) fistulae can be repaired surgically and the routine postoperative care of these patients involves the use of an indwelling urinary catheter to promote continuous urine drainage and to allow tension-free healing of the surgical scar. (who.int)
- 6) Shorter periods of postoperative bladder catheterization have been tested in simple cases of obstetric fistula and shown to be effective in allowing complete healing with improved patient comfort and potentially lower risks of catheter-related urinary tract infections. (who.int)
- The surgical repair of obstetric fistulae depends on the availability of operating rooms and adequate bed space for the recovery period, trained surgeons with specialized skills and, in many cases, funding from donors to support the operations and the postoperative care of these patients. (who.int)
- It is a facility that provides free reconstructive surgery for women with obstetric fistula. (birthingnaturally.net)
- Obstetric fistula is a preventable and in most cases, treatable childbirth injury that leaves women incontinent, ashamed and often isolated from their communities. (unfpa.org)
- A debilitating condition that has left-and continues to leave-hundreds of thousands of women suffering in solitude and shame, obstetric fistula is undeniably one of the most telling examples of inequitable access to maternal health care and, until recently, one of the most hidden and neglected conditions. (unfpa.org)
- Long years of misconception that Obstetric Fistula is restricted to the northern part of the country significantly affected the intervention of a condition that renders victims helpless. (vanguardngr.com)
- According to a recent United Nations report, researchers found that girls who become pregnant before age 15 in low- and middle-income countries have double the risk of maternal death and obstetric fistula than older women. (vanguardngr.com)
- Hence, the aim of this study was to determine the effects of surgical repair of obstetric fistula on the severity of depression and anxiety in women with obstetric fistula in Ethiopia. (springer.com)
- The study employed a longitudinal study design to investigate the changes in 219 women with obstetric fistula admitted to six fistula management hospitals in Ethiopia. (springer.com)
- The data were collected on admission of the patients for obstetric fistula surgical repair and at the end of six-month post repair. (springer.com)
- Though 219 respondents were interviewed pre-obstetric fistula surgical repair, only 200 completed their follow up. (springer.com)
- The study concluded that the severity of depression and anxiety symptoms decrease post-obstetric fistula surgical repair. (springer.com)
- Clinicians should manage women with obstetric fistula through targeted and integrated mental health interventions to address their mental health needs. (springer.com)
- Obstetric fistula associated with mental health problems is one of the most burdensome diseases among women in their early productive years. (springer.com)
- Obstetric trauma resulting in fistula formation is most common cause of urinary fistulas in developing countries. (medscape.com)
- An obstetric fistula is a hole between the vagina and the bladder or rectum, through which urine or stool leaks continuously. (msf.org.au)
- The challenge was all the greater when we embarked on our report about obstetric fistula, a topic not often seen on television, especially during the dinner hour. (pbs.org)
- Yet, the international obstetric fistula community has not utilized MDD to reach its objectives. (grandchallenges.ca)
- For the uninformed reader, a word first about Obstetric Fistula. (grandchallenges.ca)
- Obstetric Fistula is a rupture between the vagina and rectum or bladder that is caused by prolonged obstructed labor (3 days). (grandchallenges.ca)
- Obstetric fistula most commonly occurs among women who live in undeveloped countries, where early or closely spaced pregnancies and lack of access to emergency obstetric care are primary risk factors causing fistula. (grandchallenges.ca)
- Her baby likely dies and she is often left with an obstetric fistula, a small hole created by constant pressure from the fetus, which renders her urine and fecal incontinent. (grandchallenges.ca)
- With the support of Grand Challenges Canada and the Government of Canada, I designed an innovative and holistic Obstetric Fistula program model that incorporated Music, Dance and Drama through Terrewode, a national not-for-profit organization which I founded 15 years ago and where I serve as the executive director. (grandchallenges.ca)
- The idea is to build community capacity to eliminate Obstetric fistula while systematically empowering women and girls to meaningfully participate in the development process. (grandchallenges.ca)
- Through the model, we can say we successfully broke the silence on obstetric fistula in Uganda and it earned me and my organization national recognition. (grandchallenges.ca)
- Only half of the women in rural areas deliver with a skilled birth attendant-leading to high rates of maternal mortality and childbirth injury, such as obstetric fistula. (fistulafoundation.org)
- Such system failure is at the root of obstetric fistula. (fistulafoundation.org)
- Instability and a lack of basic services means women have less access to emergency obstetric care, resulting in a high rate of maternal mortality in the country and high risk of developing a fistula. (fistulafoundation.org)
- By the time she was taken to the hospital, the baby was dead, and Fatima developed an obstetric fistula. (fistulafoundation.org)
- Niger is home to some of the highest risk factors for obstetric fistula, including the world's highest birth rate and one of the highest rates of adolescent marriage. (fistulafoundation.org)
- Women in Niger are at particular risk for childbirth complications such as obstetric fistula due to broad socio-economic pressures. (fistulafoundation.org)
- In Niger, child marriage, adolescent fertility rates, and pregnancy complications such as obstetric fistula are some of the harsh realities facing young girls. (fistulafoundation.org)
- For example, in women with Crohn's disease or obstetric injuries, the fistula could open into the vagina or bladder. (gicare.com)
- The FIGO Fistula Surgery Training Initiative , a state-of-the-art training system for fistula surgeons and holistic care teams, is celebrating a major milestone in the fight against obstetric fistula: 10,000 fistula repair surgeries. (figo.org)
- Obstetric fistula is a neglected public health and human rights issue, but due to a global shortage of trained, skilled fistula surgeons, there is a huge unmet need to treat and repair the backlog cases. (figo.org)
- For a woman suffering with obstetric fistula, surgery is a chance to reclaim her life from the incontinence, isolation and immense suffering this devastating childbirth injury causes . (figo.org)
- In parallel, it is absolutely essential that more surgeons are trained in the surgical repair and management of women with obstetric fistula, and more health facilities are able to provide holistic fistula treatment services, including rehabilitation and social assistance. (figo.org)
- Coming from some of the world's most disadvantaged communities, they are committed to improving the quality of life for women suffering from obstetric fistula. (figo.org)
- I wanted to learn about obstetric fistula from a clinical-perspective, as well as about its management. (figo.org)
- Now, with her life completely changed by treatment, she wants to help raise awareness about fistula by letting other women know that obstetric fistula is preventable and curable. (figo.org)
- Eradicating obstetric fistula in Burundi requires measures to improve the health of girls and women of reproductive age, including offering preconception and prenatal consultations and improving the quality of care at health facilities. (figo.org)
- What is obstetric fistula? (endfistula.org)
- Fistula occurs when emergency obstetric care is unavailable to women who develop complications during childbirth. (endfistula.org)
- Poverty, malnutrition, poor health services, early childbearing and gender discrimination are interlinked root causes of obstetric fistula. (endfistula.org)
- Tissue damage resulting from prolonged obstetric labour and resulting in incontinence is called obstetric fistula . (endfistula.org)
Training fistula surgeons1
- Use of the forearm basilic vein for the creation of an arteriovenous fistula has been codified as second-choice vascular access for hemodialysis in the last clinical guidelines of the Society for Vascular Surgery in 2008. (qxmd.com)
- The transposed forearm loop arteriovenous fistula: a valuable option for primary hemodialysis access in diabetic patients. (qxmd.com)
- Efficacy of the Ulnar-Basilic Arteriovenous Fistula for Hemodialysis: A Systematic Review. (qxmd.com)
- A randomized multicenter study of the outcome of brachial-basilic arteriovenous fistula and prosthetic brachial-antecubital forearm loop as vascular access for hemodialysis. (qxmd.com)
- This study is designed to compare the safety and efficacy of paclitaxel-eluting balloon (DEB) versus conventional percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) for the treatment of hemodynamically significant recurrent cephalic arch stenosis in brachial cephalic fistulas in hemodialysis patients. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- A fistula for dialysis is referred to as an arteriovenous fistula, which is the connection of an artery to a vein in order to make the vein strong for hemodialysis, according to National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Clearinghouse. (reference.com)
- Hemodialysis via arteriovenous fistula is an outpatient procedure that lasts about three to five hours each of three weekly sessions, according to the Nati. (reference.com)
- A 52-year-old man was sent from his hemodialysis (HD) center for an AV fistula problem. (emdocs.net)
- HealthDay)-The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has permitted marketing of two catheter-based devices designed to create an arteriovenous (AV) fistula in patients with chronic kidney disease in need of hemodialysis. (medicalxpress.com)
- the AV fistulas are needed before patients can start hemodialysis. (medicalxpress.com)
- In Osun State, the Ministry partnered with the hospital's management staff to incorporate fistula surgeries, urethral catheterization and rehabilitation into medical doctors' residency training. (usaid.gov)
- Fistula repair surgeries have tripled to 1,500 a year nationwide since the start of the decade, said Hillary Mabeya, who founded Gynocare, one of Kenya's leading fistula treatment centres. (reuters.com)
- A $2 million grant to The Fistula Foundation from Japanese pharmaceutical company Astellas proved a gamechanger, enabling the U.S.-based charity to train six more surgeons with a target of providing 1,200 free surgeries in three years. (reuters.com)
- Cancers, gynaecological or urological surgeries, injury and inflammatory bowel diseases may cause bladder fistulas, according to the Urology Care Foundatio. (reference.com)
- Thanks to successful patient outreach efforts, our partners at CoRSU report that they were able to treat 136 women last year, surpassing their goal of providing free fistula repair surgeries to 100 women. (fistulafoundation.org)
- Because of DFC's high success rates for even the most difficult cases, the center is a beacon of hope for women with complex fistula, many of whom have already undergone multiple surgeries elsewhere. (fistulafoundation.org)
- 10,000 fistula repair surgeries is a huge achievement. (figo.org)
- While some programs, including UN-sponsored programs, have invested in local capacity to address fistula, other initiatives have sent foreign surgeons for short visits to areas where many women need fistula surgery, leaving local health systems inadequately equipped to deal with fistula on a routine basis. (hrw.org)
- In addition, there are few competent fistula surgeons or facilities doing routine fistula surgery. (hrw.org)
- NAIROBI, May 25 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Kenya's hopes of ending incontinence caused by fistula, one of the most serious childbirth injuries, are rising as more women are receiving surgery, more local surgeons are being trained and awareness of the stigmatising condition grows. (reuters.com)
- Kenya only had three internationally recognised fistula surgeons in 2014, plus seven to 10 surgeons who could perform simple operations, Mabeya said. (reuters.com)
- The GDG acknowledges the variation in the use of bladder catheter after fistula surgery and notes that some surgeons may consider "short" duration of catheterization to be less than 7 days. (who.int)
- Most surgeons prefer the transabdominal approach for both supratrigonal and infratrigonal fistulas because access to the fistula is easier. (medscape.com)
- Obstetrician Mabeya is one of a handful of surgeons performing fistula repairs in Kenya. (pbs.org)
- Mayo Clinic doctors and surgeons also study minimally invasive techniques in dural arteriovenous fistula surgery. (mayoclinic.org)
- Before the launch of Fistula Foundation's treatment network in 2017, there were only four trained fistula surgeons in the entire country, severely constraining women's access to timely, fistula care. (fistulafoundation.org)
- Partnerships are central to the success of our game-changing initiative to train many more competent fistula surgeons, and through this collaborative approach, we are reaching substantially more women in need. (figo.org)
- That's what the FIGO Fistula Surgery Training Initiative is doing: investing in our Fellows - as well as their holistic care teams - developing their skills to become good and qualified fistula surgeons. (figo.org)
- Fistula trainings have also been postponed, as well as face to face meetings and conferences for sharing experiences with other fistula surgeons. (figo.org)
- Intra-thoracic defects continue to be one of the most challenging problems faced by reconstructive surgeons, particularly in the presence of bronchopleural fistulas. (omicsonline.org)
- The baby was stillborn and Mahabouba had developed a fistula --a hole had formed between the tissue in her vagina and her rectum. (scienceblogs.com)
- Fistulas that appear between the anus and rectum, or anus and skin, can cause a discharge of white fluid and blood. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Vesico Vaginal Fistula, VVF, or rectum Rectovaginal Fistula is mostly caused by obstructed labour. (vanguardngr.com)
- Fistula is a tear in the wall between the vagina and bladder (and sometimes the rectum), caused in most cases by prolonged obstructed labor, leaving the woman incontinent. (pbs.org)
- Perianal fistula is a disorder in which the anus, rectum, and perineal regions of a dog or cat are inflamed and irritated. (petmd.com)
- I believe that the etiology of a Fistula, Fissure or Abscess in the rectum usually starts with the abrasion of the inner lining of the anus which is caused by the passage of a hard constipated mass of fecal matter which causes a tear in the lining. (abchomeopathy.com)
- The sustained pressure of the baby's head on the mother's pelvic bone causes damage of soft tissues creating a hole - or fistula - between the vagina and the bladder and/or rectum. (leadership.ng)
- While tissue damage between the rectum and vagina is called rectovaginal fistula . (endfistula.org)
- Most times, if the rectum sustains a fistula, the bladder will also have been damaged resulting in the leakage of both urine and faeces. (endfistula.org)
- Anal fistula may connect body cavities such as vagina and rectum that may connect the cavity to the surface of the skin. (planetayurveda.com)
- Recurrent Fistula between Ileal Pouch and Vagina--Successful Treatment with a Gracilis Muscle Flap. (ebscohost.com)
- Vesicovaginal fistula is a free communication between the urinary bladder and the vagina. (medscape.com)
- Ureterovaginal fistula is a communication between the distal ureter and the vagina. (medscape.com)
- This tissue can then necrose, with the tissue dying, and a hole or 'fistula' forms between the vagina and bladder or sometimes the bowels. (msf.org.uk)
- Tissue damage between the bladder and vagina is called vesicovaginal fistula . (endfistula.org)
- Transperineal ultrasonography for evaluation of the perianal fistula and abscess in pediatric Crohn disease: preliminary study. (medscape.com)
- Liaqat N, Iqbal A, Dar SH, Liaqat F. Video Assisted Anal Fistula Treatment in a Child with Perianal Fistula. (medscape.com)
- I have questions about treatment for perianal fistula, which began around four weeks ago. (justanswer.com)
- This fistula connects part of the intestine to another organ in the body, such as the bladder. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- What are some common symptoms of a fistula between the bowel and the bladder? (reference.com)
- A bladder fistula located between the bowel and bladder can cause urine that smells like feces or looks like it, according to the Urology Care Foundation. (reference.com)
- Bowel cancer causes approximately one out of five fistulas between the bowel and bladder. (reference.com)
- A doctor uses a pelvic X-ray or computerized tomography scan with contrast of the bladder to diagnose an enterovesical fistula, notes the Urology Care Foundation. (reference.com)
- What causes a bladder fistula? (reference.com)
- Unrecognized bladder injury during a difficult hysterectomy or cesarean delivery may result in vesicovaginal fistula formation. (medscape.com)
- Most vesicovaginal fistulas are caused by dissection of the bladder during the mobilization of the bladder flap, which causes devascularization or an unrecognized tear of the posterior bladder wall. (medscape.com)
- Alternatively, if the vaginal cuff suture was unknowingly incorporated into the bladder, this can result in tissue ischemia, necrosis, and subsequent fistula formation. (medscape.com)
- Nordgren S, Fasth S, Hulten L. Anal fistulas in Crohn's disease: incidence and outcome of surgical treatment. (medscape.com)
- Inflammatory bowel disease, such as ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease, is an example of a disease that leads to fistulas between one loop of intestine and another. (medhelp.org)
- In the article entitled 'Mesenchymal Stem Cells to Treat Crohn's Disease with Fistula,' the authors examine the unique advantages of MSCs, including ease of collection, low immunogenicity when using a patient's own cells for transplant, and the immunoregulatory activity of MSCs. (news-medical.net)
- Crohn's disease continues to be a major burden on human health despite newer immunomodulatory therapies, and Crohn's-related fistulas are a particularly intractable problem for many patients,' says Editor-in-Chief Terence R. Flotte, MD, Celia and Isaac Haidak Professor of Medical Education and Dean, Provost, and Executive Deputy Chancellor, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA. (news-medical.net)
- Secondary endpoints included remission (closure of all fistulas), Perianal Crohn's Disease Activity Index, Crohn's Disease Activity Index (CDAI) and Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire (IBDQ). (bmj.com)
- A Phase IIIB Multicenter, Open Label, Randomized Clinical Trial Evaluating Efficacy of Certolizumab Pegol, a PEGylated Fab Fragment of Humanized Antibody to Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF) in Crohn's Disease Patients With Draining Fistulas. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- To investigate the clinical efficacy of certolizumab pegol for fistula closure in Crohn's disease subjects with active draining fistulas. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Medical disease, such as Crohn's disease or diverticulitis, commonly cause enterovesical fistulas, explains the Urology Care Foundation. (reference.com)
- Management of enterocutaneous fistulae in Crohn's disease. (bmj.com)
- The outcome among 39 patients with enterocutaneous fistulae complicating Crohn's disease has been reviewed. (bmj.com)
- Postoperative fistulae with no evidence of active Crohn's disease healed spontaneously. (bmj.com)
- It may or may not be associated with an abscess, but like abscesses, certain illnesses such as Crohn's disease can cause fistulas to develop. (gicare.com)
- Cx601 is expected to be indicated for the treatment of complex perianal fistulas in adult patients with non-active/mildly active luminal Crohn's disease, when fistulas have shown an inadequate response to at least one conventional or biologic therapy. (takeda.com)
- Perianal fistulas are estimated to affect up to 28% of patients in the first two decades after Crohn's disease diagnosis and Cx601 offers new hope for those suffering from this severe and debilitating condition. (takeda.com)
- 1 Further follow-up data indicated that Cx601 maintained long-term remission of treatment refractory complex perianal fistulas in patients with Crohn's disease over 52 weeks. (takeda.com)
- A fistula can also be created due to conditions that affect the intestines such as ulcerative colitis or crohn's disease. (planetayurveda.com)
- Over 50 to 55 percent people with crohn's disease get anal fistula problem. (planetayurveda.com)
- Most intestinal fistulas occur either infective (as in Tuberculosis), inflammatory (as in Crohn's disease) or neoplastic (as in cancer). (ndtv.com)
- In gastro-enterology practice it is generally accepted that in young people fistula is due to Crohn's disease but tuberculosis must be tested for and treated. (ndtv.com)
- Fistula is preventable and treatable. (hrw.org)
- As with so many public health paradoxes in low-income countries, fistula is easily preventable, fixed in most cases for just $350 per operation and yet widely inevitable. (pbs.org)
- People also need to know that fistula is a preventable and curable health problem. (figo.org)
- Proximal esophageal atresia with a distal fistula (Gross C) is the most common, representing over 85% of all cases. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
- Despite poor primary patency rate and a long time of maturation, forearm basilic arteriovenous fistula has satisfactory secondary patency rate and keeps all the advantages of a distal-located vascular access concerning complications. (qxmd.com)
- The only effective treatment was excision of the diseased segment from which the fistulae arose and any distal obstruction. (bmj.com)
- 3-6 Here we present a case of a successfully treated ruptured dissecting V1 vertebral artery aneurysm making a fistula with the adjacent vein using endovascular coils and placement of a distal plug to close the fistula and proximally occlude the parent artery. (bmj.com)
- The presence of gas-filled normal appearing bowel distally confirms the presence of a distal tracheo-esophageal fistula (from the lower oesophageal pouch). (starship.org.nz)
- Figure 2: Illustration of two pathophysiological consequences of the distal tracheo-oesophageal fistula. (starship.org.nz)
- 1. High ventilation pressures encourage air to pass through the distal fistula causing gastric distension and diaphragmatic splinting. (starship.org.nz)
- Passage of air through the distal fistula also diminishes the effective tidal volume. (starship.org.nz)
- Furthermore, retrograde flow of gastric juices through the distal fistula can lead to soiling of the lungs. (starship.org.nz)
Access to fistula treatment2
- Incidence of fistulas after drainage of acute anorectal abscesses. (medscape.com)
- The incidence of bronchopleural fistula in 130 patients who had pneumonectomies has been reviewed. (bmj.com)
- The incidence of bronchopleural fistula was 4.2% in group 1 and 15.2% in group 2 (p less than 0.05). (bmj.com)
- It is concluded that this undoubtedly contributes to the significantly higher incidence of bronchopleural fistula, and that the new hinged jaw stapler in its present design is not recommended for use during pneumonectomy. (bmj.com)
- Life-threatening postoperative pancreatic fistula (grade C) after pancreaticoduodenectomy: incidence, prognosis, and risk factors. (qxmd.com)
Caused by prolonged obstructed labor1
Evidence of a fistula1
Closure of the fistula2
Campaign to end fistula1
- As we mark this year's International Fistula Day (May 23), it is crucial to understand that we may not achieve the objectives set in the campaign to end fistula without embracing a communication vehicle that is so relevant to the most vulnerable populations in Africa, the poor women and girls affected in developing countries like Uganda. (grandchallenges.ca)
- Human Rights Watch interviewed 55 fistula survivors in Kenya in 2009 and 2010, documenting the devastating impact of fistula on women's lives, as well as the barriers to prevention and treatment. (hrw.org)
- The MDD approach not only provided fistula survivors with a platform to share their experiences, it also avails them with opportunities to utilize their talents and knowledge to earn income from their performances for economic self-reliance. (grandchallenges.ca)
- The grief of losing a child - which, tragically, happens to over 90% of fistula survivors - and becoming disabled exacerbates the pain. (endfistula.org)
Treatment of anal3
- Which medications in the drug class Laxatives, Bulk-Producing are used in the treatment of Anal Fistulas and Fissures? (medscape.com)
- Planet Ayurveda provides best combination of effective herbal remedies such as Fistula Care Pack for natural treatment of anal fistula without any side effects. (planetayurveda.com)
- These remedies contain natural ingredients, which help in treatment of anal fistula, reducing the infection and building a strong immunity in the body. (planetayurveda.com)
Funding fistula treatment1
- We more than doubled what we set out to achieve," said Kate Grant, The Fistula Foundation's chief executive, with almost 2,500 operations performed by 2017 thanks to funding by the organisation. (reuters.com)
- In 2017, with support from Johnson & Johnson, we launched a new countrywide treatment network to build Zambia's long-term capacity for fistula care. (fistulafoundation.org)
- Value of transoesophageal echocardiography in surgical ligation of coronary artery fistulas. (bmj.com)
- Coronary artery fistula: report of three cases. (bmj.com)
- When you share what it's like to have coronary artery fistula through your profile, those stories and data appear here too. (patientslikeme.com)
- Got a question about living with coronary artery fistula? (patientslikeme.com)
- Who has coronary artery fistula on PatientsLikeMe? (patientslikeme.com)
- Moreover, the right coronary artery- left atrial fistula is also uncommon. (springer.com)
- The coronary artery fistula is anomalous termination of the coronary artery into the cardiac chamber, coronary sinus, pulmonary artery or pulmonary vein. (springer.com)
- He underwent surgical correction of a large right coronary artery- left atrial fistula. (springer.com)
- If the mother survives, she could develop a fistula and become unable to control her rectal and/or urinary functions and be constantly soiled and/or wet. (who.int)
- Sometimes an enterovesical fistula can cause chronic urinary tract infections. (reference.com)
- Urinary incontinence resulting from these fistulas may mimic symptoms of stress urinary incontinence. (medscape.com)
- The acute onset of urinary incontinence occurring shortly after a difficult hysterectomy should raise suspicions for vesicovaginal or ureterovaginal fistulas. (medscape.com)
- Perianal fistulas are a chronic progressive inflammatory condition causing painful, ulcerated, sinuses or tracts in the perianal region. (vetinfo.com)
- An anal fistula is an inflammatory tract between the anal canal and the skin which, originates in the anal crypts. (ndtv.com)
- Prednisone is a potent anti-inflammatory and in some cases if the fistulas heal well with prednisone, they may not recur for quite some time. (justanswer.com)
- Perianal fistulas are a poorly understood inflammatory disease that is still considered 'idiopathic' - that is to say that we don't know exactly what causes the inflammation. (justanswer.com)
Type of fistula2
Burden of Fistula1
Types of fistulas1
Backlog of fistula1
Victims of fistula2
- Sunday Vanguard found that stories of rejection and mental frustration, from victims of fistula, are commonplace. (vanguardngr.com)
- For Ekaete and other numerous unreported victims of fistula, healing, recovering, and reintegrating into the family and community after suffering the consequences of obstaetric fistula involves a number of challenges, even after successful treatment. (leadership.ng)
Symptoms of fistula2
Suffer from fistula2
Abscess and Fistula2
- It's estimated that up to 3.5 million women currently suffer from fistulas , with somewhere from 50,000 to 130,000 new cases each year--and most of them go untreated. (scienceblogs.com)
- The World Health Organization estimates that 2 million women and girls are living with untreated fistula and between 50,000 and 100,000 are affected each year, mainly in sub-Saharan Africa and Asia. (hrw.org)
- According to statistics from UNFPA, over two million women are living with fistula worldwide and 50,000 to 100,000 new cases develop annually. (vanguardngr.com)
- If vesicovaginal or ureterovaginal fistula is suspected, as an immediate therapy, insertion of a urethral catheter to minimize urine leakage and the patient's distress can be considered. (medscape.com)
- The commonly chosen surgical approaches for the correction of vesicovaginal fistula include the transabdominal and transvaginal approaches. (medscape.com)
- In the United States, more than 50% of vesicovaginal and ureterovaginal fistulas occur after hysterectomy for benign diseases such as uterine fibroids, menstrual dysfunction, or uterine prolapse. (medscape.com)
- Vesicovaginal fistula may occur with or without cancer recurrence. (medscape.com)
- We report the case of an intraoperatively dislodged transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion spacer with creation of a traumatic arteriovenous fistula and device migration to the pulmonary artery. (readbyqxmd.com)
- In 2003, thousands of women in eastern Congo presented themselves for treatment of traumatic fistula caused by systematic, violent gang rape that occurred during the country's five years of war. (endfistula.org)
- That doesn't make it any less traumatic for the families when it happens, but mostly, unless you have some specific problems with your graft or fistula, it is not something to lose sleep over. (globaldialysis.com)
- The clinic took place at the Wesley Guild a Federal Medical Center in Ilesha, the first of a series of hospitals nationwide to boost its fistula treatment capacity under a new Ministry initiative supported by USAID to establish a network of "centers of excellence" for fistula intervention in thirteen of Nigeria's 36 states. (usaid.gov)
- Successful Intervention for High-Output Cardiac Failure Caused by Massive Renal Ateriovenous Fistula. (ebscohost.com)
- Alice is resident in Bekwarra Local Government Area of Cross River State but despite being repaired during the just-concluded intervention facilitated by Engender Health, implementing partners of USAID Fistula Care Plus project, is still leaking. (vanguardngr.com)
- A woman quoted in Kristof and WuDunn's "Half the Sky," an Australian gynecologist who has worked in Ethiopia for more than 30 years, notes that women with fistulas "are the women most to be pitied in the world. (scienceblogs.com)
- Women told Human Rights Watch that they had lived with untreated fistula for years because they did not know that it is treatable, and many lacked money for treatment. (hrw.org)
- Fistula strips women of their dignity, and makes them outcasts in their own families and communities," Odhiambo said. (hrw.org)
- More than 400,000 women suffer from the painful and debilitating condition - half the cases in the world, according to the National Strategic Framework for Fistula Prevention and Control. (usaid.gov)
- Far too many women in Nigeria needlessly suffer through life with fistula after having given birth," said USAID Mission Director Stephen M. Haykin. (usaid.gov)
- Women with fistula are often abandoned by their husbands and shunned by the members of their village. (usaid.gov)
- The USAID initiative, known as Fistula Care Plus, also rolled out a set of awareness building activities to educate women about options on diagnosis and treatment of the condition. (usaid.gov)
- Pouch-vaginal fistulae affect 6 % of women after ileal pouch-anal anastomosis. (ebscohost.com)
- At least two million women globally live with fistula, which is caused by prolonged labour without access to caesarean section. (reuters.com)
- Women with fistula are subject to severe social stigma due to odour, which is constant and humiliating, and in many cases drives their family and friends away. (reuters.com)
- Stuck" babies account for 8% of all maternal deaths world wide and leave many more women suffering from fistulas. (birthingnaturally.net)
- As it is usually the case with women down with fistula, Alice lost her child. (vanguardngr.com)
- The surgical repair of fistula can address the physical symptoms, but may not end the psychological challenges that women with fistula face. (springer.com)
- A small group of women also have fistulas from traditional medical practices. (msf.org.uk)
- Thankfully, many of these women hear about the MSF VVF programme, and attend for management of their fistulas. (msf.org.uk)
- Women are at especially high risk for fistula in some countries where early marriage is prevalent, their bodies not sufficiently mature for pregnancy. (pbs.org)
- Too many women with fistula, not enough doctors. (scoop.it)
- Fistula is such a traumatizing and isolating condition that women are often reluctant to come forward, and some are not even aware that they have a medical condition for which treatment is available. (fistulafoundation.org)
- In partnership with Zambia's Ministry of Health and provincial and district health offices, Fistula Foundation is supporting fistula treatment to women across Zambia at the following hospitals. (fistulafoundation.org)
- We are currently partnering with SIM Danja Fistula Center to deliver fistula treatment to women in Niger. (fistulafoundation.org)
- It is well-positioned to serve women in need on either side of the Niger/Nigeria border where fistula is particularly prevalent. (fistulafoundation.org)
- But most of all, this programme is helping significantly more women affected by fistula, and this should be widely celebrated. (figo.org)
- Although an increasing number of women undergo surgical fistula repair, little is known about how they see their life prospects after repair and how they perceive being reintegrated into their community. (leadership.ng)
- Through the Fistula Care Plus project, the largest U.S. government-funded effort to-date dedicated to treating and preventing fistula, EngenderHealth works to restore dignity to women with fistula and to prevent other women from developing the condition. (leadership.ng)
- Chief Iyeme Efem says Nigeria currently has over 200,000 women living with fistula with 12,000 new cases occurring every year. (leadership.ng)
- The prevalence of fistula is much lower in places that discourage early marriage, encourage and provide general education for women, and grant women access to family planning and skilled medical teams to assist during childbirth. (leadership.ng)
- Seeing the suffering of women with fistula, I was eager to contribute to their care and treatment. (figo.org)
- Being a fistula surgeon means a lot to me, because I was able to learn how to diagnose and repair fistula, I can give back dignity and a smile to these poor, abandoned and stigmatised women, and that makes me happy. (figo.org)
- Sadly, COVID-19 is affecting my work right now, there are fewer consultations with women with fistula, and a decrease in financial support. (figo.org)
- Although some women with fistula display amazing courage and resilience, many others succumb to illness and despair. (endfistula.org)
- Although many women with fistula have supportive families, the smell can drive even loving husbands and friends away. (endfistula.org)
- And because so many women with fistula remain marginalized and out of sight, many policy makers - and even some health providers - have failed to recognize the scope and severity of the tragedy. (endfistula.org)
- Contact information of Shri Dhanwantari Clinic, Ghaziabad, Delhi-NCR, where quality Ayurvedic treatments available for anorectal diseases like Bleeding Piles/Haemorrhoids, Fissure in ano/anal fissure, Fistula in ano, Anorectal abscess, Pilonidal sinus etc. using ayurvedic/herbal medicines and Kshara sutra therapy. (scoop.it)
- A H-type tracheoesophageal fistula was suspected and the study was aborted. (bmj.com)
- Subsequent bronchoscopy and oesophagogastroduodenoscopy (OGD) performed confirmed the presence of the tracheoesophageal fistula approximately 4 cm inferior to the level of the vocal cords ( figure 1 ). (bmj.com)
- 1 Early diagnosis of tracheoesophageal fistula is critical in guiding feeding, surgical repair and preventing further complications which include recurrent respiratory infections and death. (bmj.com)
- The oblique configuration of the H-shaped tracheoesophageal fistula and close apposition of the trachea and oesophagus makes it difficult to appreciate radiologically. (bmj.com)
- Although VFS studies are performed primarily to evaluate oral, pharyngeal and upper oesophageal swallowing function, our case report illustrates the importance of careful review of the images to ensure that uncommon diagnoses such as a tracheoesophageal fistula are not missed. (bmj.com)