Achievement: Success in bringing an effort to the desired end; the degree or level of success attained in some specified area (esp. scholastic) or in general.Educational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.Educational Measurement: The assessing of academic or educational achievement. It includes all aspects of testing and test construction.Intelligence: The ability to learn and to deal with new situations and to deal effectively with tasks involving abstractions.ReadingUnderachievement: Performance, usually in school work, poorer than that predicted from aptitude and/or intelligence testing.Goals: The end-result or objective, which may be specified or required in advance.Learning Disorders: Conditions characterized by a significant discrepancy between an individual's perceived level of intellect and their ability to acquire new language and other cognitive skills. These disorders may result from organic or psychological conditions. Relatively common subtypes include DYSLEXIA, DYSCALCULIA, and DYSGRAPHIA.Aptitude: The ability to acquire general or special types of knowledge or skill.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Aptitude Tests: Primarily non-verbal tests designed to predict an individual's future learning ability or performance.Schools: Educational institutions.Child Development: The continuous sequential physiological and psychological maturing of an individual from birth up to but not including ADOLESCENCE.Awards and PrizesStudents: Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.History, 19th Century: Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.Intelligence Tests: Standardized tests that measure the present general ability or aptitude for intellectual performance.Nobel PrizeHistory, 21st Century: Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.Science: The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.Mathematics: The deductive study of shape, quantity, and dependence. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Cognition: Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.School Admission Criteria: Requirements for the selection of students for admission to academic institutions.Education of Hearing Disabled: The teaching or training of those individuals with hearing disability or impairment.Learning: Relatively permanent change in behavior that is the result of past experience or practice. The concept includes the acquisition of knowledge.College Admission Test: Test designed to identify students suitable for admission into a graduate or undergraduate curriculum.United StatesAspirations (Psychology): Strong desires to accomplish something. This usually pertains to greater values or high ideals.United Nations: An international organization whose members include most of the sovereign nations of the world with headquarters in New York City. The primary objectives of the organization are to maintain peace and security and to achieve international cooperation in solving international economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian problems.Social Environment: The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.Organizational Objectives: The purposes, missions, and goals of an individual organization or its units, established through administrative processes. It includes an organization's long-range plans and administrative philosophy.Language Development: The gradual expansion in complexity and meaning of symbols and sounds as perceived and interpreted by the individual through a maturational and learning process. Stages in development include babbling, cooing, word imitation with cognition, and use of short sentences.Problem Solving: A learning situation involving more than one alternative from which a selection is made in order to attain a specific goal.History, 18th Century: Time period from 1701 through 1800 of the common era.Child Behavior: Any observable response or action of a child from 24 months through 12 years of age. For neonates or children younger than 24 months, INFANT BEHAVIOR is available.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Language Tests: Tests designed to assess language behavior and abilities. They include tests of vocabulary, comprehension, grammar and functional use of language, e.g., Development Sentence Scoring, Receptive-Expressive Emergent Language Scale, Parsons Language Sample, Utah Test of Language Development, Michigan Language Inventory and Verbal Language Development Scale, Illinois Test of Psycholinguistic Abilities, Northwestern Syntax Screening Test, Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, Ammons Full-Range Picture Vocabulary Test, and Assessment of Children's Language Comprehension.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Executive Function: A set of cognitive functions that controls complex, goal-directed thought and behavior. Executive function involves multiple domains, such as CONCEPT FORMATION, goal management, cognitive flexibility, INHIBITION control, and WORKING MEMORY. Impaired executive function is seen in a range of disorders, e.g., SCHIZOPHRENIA; and ADHD.History, 17th Century: Time period from 1601 through 1700 of the common era.Quality Indicators, Health Care: Norms, criteria, standards, and other direct qualitative and quantitative measures used in determining the quality of health care.Teaching: The educational process of instructing.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Deafness: A general term for the complete loss of the ability to hear from both ears.Neuropsychological Tests: Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Education: Acquisition of knowledge as a result of instruction in a formal course of study.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Faculty: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in an educational institution.Remedial Teaching: Specialized instruction for students deviating from the expected norm.Early Intervention (Education): Procedures and programs that facilitate the development or skill acquisition in infants and young children who have disabilities, who are at risk for developing disabilities, or who are gifted. It includes programs that are designed to prevent handicapping conditions in infants and young children and family-centered programs designed to affect the functioning of infants and children with special needs. (From Journal of Early Intervention, Editorial, 1989, vol. 13, no. 1, p. 3; A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, prepared for the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, 1976)Remission Induction: Therapeutic act or process that initiates a response to a complete or partial remission level.Universities: Educational institutions providing facilities for teaching and research and authorized to grant academic degrees.Psychological Tests: Standardized tests designed to measure abilities, as in intelligence, aptitude, and achievement tests, or to evaluate personality traits.Numismatics: Study of coins, tokens, medals, etc. However, it usually refers to medals pertaining to the history of medicine.Forecasting: The prediction or projection of the nature of future problems or existing conditions based upon the extrapolation or interpretation of existing scientific data or by the application of scientific methodology.Wechsler Scales: Tests designed to measure intellectual functioning in children and adults.Dyscalculia: Impaired ability in numerical concepts. These inabilities arise as a result of primary neurological lesion, are syndromic (e.g., GERSTMANN SYNDROME ) or acquired due to brain damage.Motivation: Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.Self Concept: A person's view of himself.Schools, Medical: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of medicine.Mathematical Concepts: Numeric or quantitative entities, descriptions, properties, relationships, operations, and events.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Cognition Disorders: Disturbances in mental processes related to learning, thinking, reasoning, and judgment.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Biology: One of the BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE DISCIPLINES concerned with the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of animals, plants, and microorganisms.Dyslexia: A cognitive disorder characterized by an impaired ability to comprehend written and printed words or phrases despite intact vision. This condition may be developmental or acquired. Developmental dyslexia is marked by reading achievement that falls substantially below that expected given the individual's chronological age, measured intelligence, and age-appropriate education. The disturbance in reading significantly interferes with academic achievement or with activities of daily living that require reading skills. (From DSM-IV)Peer Group: Group composed of associates of same species, approximately the same age, and usually of similar rank or social status.Child Care: Care of CHILDREN in the home or in an institution.Socialization: The training or molding of an individual through various relationships, educational agencies, and social controls, which enables him to become a member of a particular society.Interpersonal Relations: The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.Emotional Intelligence: The ability to understand and manage emotions and to use emotional knowledge to enhance thought and deal effectively with tasks. Components of emotional intelligence include empathy, self-motivation, self-awareness, self-regulation, and social skill. Emotional intelligence is a measurement of one's ability to socialize or relate to others.Curriculum: A course of study offered by an educational institution.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Healthy People Programs: Healthy People Programs are a set of health objectives to be used by governments, communities, professional organizations, and others to help develop programs to improve health. It builds on initiatives pursued over the past two decades beginning with the 1979 Surgeon General's Report, Healthy People, Healthy People 2000: National Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Objectives, and Healthy People 2010. These established national health objectives and served as the basis for the development of state and community plans. These are administered by the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (ODPHP). Similar programs are conducted by other national governments.Anniversaries and Special Events: Occasions to commemorate an event or occasions designated for a specific purpose.Personality Tests: Standardized objective tests designed to facilitate the evaluation of personality.Education, Special: Education of the individual who markedly deviates intellectually, physically, socially, or emotionally from those considered to be normal, thus requiring special instruction.Developmental Disabilities: Disorders in which there is a delay in development based on that expected for a given age level or stage of development. These impairments or disabilities originate before age 18, may be expected to continue indefinitely, and constitute a substantial impairment. Biological and nonbiological factors are involved in these disorders. (From American Psychiatric Glossary, 6th ed)Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Career Mobility: The upward or downward mobility in an occupation or the change from one occupation to another.International Cooperation: The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity: A behavior disorder originating in childhood in which the essential features are signs of developmentally inappropriate inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. Although most individuals have symptoms of both inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity, one or the other pattern may be predominant. The disorder is more frequent in males than females. Onset is in childhood. Symptoms often attenuate during late adolescence although a minority experience the full complement of symptoms into mid-adulthood. (From DSM-V)Models, Psychological: Theoretical representations that simulate psychological processes and/or social processes. These include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.History, 16th Century: Time period from 1501 through 1600 of the common era.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Individuality: Those psychological characteristics which differentiate individuals from one another.Education, Medical: Use for general articles concerning medical education.Psychomotor Performance: The coordination of a sensory or ideational (cognitive) process and a motor activity.Language: A verbal or nonverbal means of communicating ideas or feelings.Child Behavior Disorders: Disturbances considered to be pathological based on age and stage appropriateness, e.g., conduct disturbances and anaclitic depression. This concept does not include psychoneuroses, psychoses, or personality disorders with fixed patterns.Persons With Hearing Impairments: Persons with any degree of loss of hearing that has an impact on their activities of daily living or that requires special assistance or intervention.Management Audit: Management review designed to evaluate efficiency and to identify areas in need of management improvement within the institution in order to ensure effectiveness in meeting organizational goals.Vocabulary: The sum or the stock of words used by a language, a group, or an individual. (From Webster, 3d ed)Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Great BritainHealth Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.Students, Medical: Individuals enrolled in a school of medicine or a formal educational program in medicine.Musculoskeletal Development: The morphologic and physiological changes of the MUSCLES, bones (BONE AND BONES), and CARTILAGE of the body, i.e., MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM, during the prenatal and postnatal stages of development.Outcome Assessment (Health Care): Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).Seychelles: A group of Indian Ocean Islands, east of Tanzania. Their capital is Victoria. They were first claimed by the French in 1744 but taken by the English in 1794 and made a dependency of MAURITIUS in 1810. They became a crown colony in 1903 and a republic within the Commonwealth in 1976. They were named for the French finance minister, Jean Moreau de Sechelles, but respelled by the English in 1794. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1102 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p496)Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.United States Public Health Service: A constituent organization of the DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES concerned with protecting and improving the health of the nation.Adolescent Behavior: Any observable response or action of an adolescent.Research: Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)Motor Skills: Performance of complex motor acts.Cooperative Behavior: The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)Schools, Nursery: Schools for children usually under five years of age.Social Welfare: Organized institutions which provide services to ameliorate conditions of need or social pathology in the community.Knowledge: The body of truths or facts accumulated in the course of time, the cumulated sum of information, its volume and nature, in any civilization, period, or country.Social Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Attention: Focusing on certain aspects of current experience to the exclusion of others. It is the act of heeding or taking notice or concentrating.Anatomy: A branch of biology dealing with the structure of organisms.Reimbursement, Incentive: A scheme which provides reimbursement for the health services rendered, generally by an institution, and which provides added financial rewards if certain conditions are met. Such a scheme is intended to promote and reward increased efficiency and cost containment, with better care, or at least without adverse effect on the quality of the care rendered.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.National Health Programs: Components of a national health care system which administer specific services, e.g., national health insurance.Parenting: Performing the role of a parent by care-giving, nurturance, and protection of the child by a natural or substitute parent. The parent supports the child by exercising authority and through consistent, empathic, appropriate behavior in response to the child's needs. PARENTING differs from CHILD REARING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the children and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.Physiology: The biological science concerned with the life-supporting properties, functions, and processes of living organisms or their parts.Comprehension: The act or fact of grasping the meaning, nature, or importance of; understanding. (American Heritage Dictionary, 4th ed) Includes understanding by a patient or research subject of information disclosed orally or in writing.Verbal Learning: Learning to respond verbally to a verbal stimulus cue.Program Development: The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).Cultural Deprivation: The absence of certain expected and acceptable cultural phenomena in the environment which results in the failure of the individual to communicate and respond in the most appropriate manner within the context of society. Language acquisition and language use are commonly used in assessing this concept.Quality of Health Care: The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.Adolescent Development: The continuous sequential physiological and psychological changes during ADOLESCENCE, approximately between the age of 13 and 18.History, Medieval: The period of history from the year 500 through 1450 of the common era.Parent-Child Relations: The interactions between parent and child.Single Parent: A natural, adoptive, or substitute parent of a dependent child, who lives with only one parent. The single parent may live with or visit the child. The concept includes the never-married, as well as the divorced and widowed.Social Behavior: Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.Language Arts: Skills in the use of language which lead to proficiency in written or spoken communication.Cognitive Science: The study of the precise nature of different mental tasks and the operations of the brain that enable them to be performed, engaging branches of psychology, computer science, philosophy, and linguistics. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Biomedical Research: Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.ArtPublic Assistance: Financial assistance to impoverished persons for the essentials of living through federal, state or local government programs.Task Performance and Analysis: The detailed examination of observable activity or behavior associated with the execution or completion of a required function or unit of work.Clinical Competence: The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.Multilingualism: The ability to speak, read, or write several languages or many languages with some facility. Bilingualism is the most common form. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Health Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.Biotechnology: Body of knowledge related to the use of organisms, cells or cell-derived constituents for the purpose of developing products which are technically, scientifically and clinically useful. Alteration of biologic function at the molecular level (i.e., GENETIC ENGINEERING) is a central focus; laboratory methods used include TRANSFECTION and CLONING technologies, sequence and structure analysis algorithms, computer databases, and gene and protein structure function analysis and prediction.Academies and Institutes: Organizations representing specialized fields which are accepted as authoritative; may be non-governmental, university or an independent research organization, e.g., National Academy of Sciences, Brookings Institution, etc.Parents: Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.Movement: The act, process, or result of passing from one place or position to another. It differs from LOCOMOTION in that locomotion is restricted to the passing of the whole body from one place to another, while movement encompasses both locomotion but also a change of the position of the whole body or any of its parts. Movement may be used with reference to humans, vertebrate and invertebrate animals, and microorganisms. Differentiate also from MOTOR ACTIVITY, movement associated with behavior.Concept Formation: A cognitive process involving the formation of ideas generalized from the knowledge of qualities, aspects, and relations of objects.Developing Countries: Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Problem-Based Learning: Instructional use of examples or cases to teach using problem-solving skills and critical thinking.EuropePrognosis: A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.Clinical Trials as Topic: Works about pre-planned studies of the safety, efficacy, or optimum dosage schedule (if appropriate) of one or more diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques selected according to predetermined criteria of eligibility and observed for predefined evidence of favorable and unfavorable effects. This concept includes clinical trials conducted both in the U.S. and in other countries.Publications: Copies of a work or document distributed to the public by sale, rental, lease, or lending. (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p181)Practice Guidelines as Topic: Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.Social Adjustment: Adaptation of the person to the social environment. Adjustment may take place by adapting the self to the environment or by changing the environment. (From Campbell, Psychiatric Dictionary, 1996)World Health: The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.Models, Educational: Theoretical models which propose methods of learning or teaching as a basis or adjunct to changes in attitude or behavior. These educational interventions are usually applied in the fields of health and patient education but are not restricted to patient care.Language Development Disorders: Conditions characterized by language abilities (comprehension and expression of speech and writing) that are below the expected level for a given age, generally in the absence of an intellectual impairment. These conditions may be associated with DEAFNESS; BRAIN DISEASES; MENTAL DISORDERS; or environmental factors.Child Welfare: Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the child.Students, Pharmacy: Individuals enrolled in a school of pharmacy or a formal educational program leading to a degree in pharmacy.PolandWorld Health Organization: A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.Personal Satisfaction: The individual's experience of a sense of fulfillment of a need or want and the quality or state of being satisfied.Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Periodontics: A dental specialty concerned with the histology, physiology, and pathology of the tissues that support, attach, and surround the teeth, and of the treatment and prevention of disease affecting these tissues.EnglandEducation, Predental: Preparatory education meeting the requirements for admission to dental school.Statistics as Topic: The science and art of collecting, summarizing, and analyzing data that are subject to random variation. The term is also applied to the data themselves and to the summarization of the data.Attitude: An enduring, learned predisposition to behave in a consistent way toward a given class of objects, or a persistent mental and/or neural state of readiness to react to a certain class of objects, not as they are but as they are conceived to be.Guideline Adherence: Conformity in fulfilling or following official, recognized, or institutional requirements, guidelines, recommendations, protocols, pathways, or other standards.Health Plan Implementation: Those actions designed to carry out recommendations pertaining to health plans or programs.Mentors: Senior professionals who provide guidance, direction and support to those persons desirous of improvement in academic positions, administrative positions or other career development situations.Employment: The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary.Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.Physics: The study of those aspects of energy and matter in terms of elementary principles and laws. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Minority Groups: A subgroup having special characteristics within a larger group, often bound together by special ties which distinguish it from the larger group.International Agencies: International organizations which provide health-related or other cooperative services.Mothers: Female parents, human or animal.Child Mortality: Number of deaths of children between one year of age to 12 years of age in a given population.Gastroenterology: A subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the study of the physiology and diseases of the digestive system and related structures (esophagus, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas).Twins: Two individuals derived from two FETUSES that were fertilized at or about the same time, developed in the UTERUS simultaneously, and born to the same mother. Twins are either monozygotic (TWINS, MONOZYGOTIC) or dizygotic (TWINS, DIZYGOTIC).Predictive Value of Tests: In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.Osteopathic Medicine: A medical discipline that is based on the philosophy that all body systems are interrelated and dependent upon one another for good health. This philosophy, developed in 1874 by Dr. Andrew Taylor Still, recognizes the concept of "wellness" and the importance of treating illness within the context of the whole body. Special attention is placed on the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM.Food Services: Functions, equipment, and facilities concerned with the preparation and distribution of ready-to-eat food.Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.Education, Dental: Use for articles concerning dental education in general.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Linear Models: Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.Psychometrics: Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.Cochlear Implantation: Surgical insertion of an electronic hearing device (COCHLEAR IMPLANTS) with electrodes to the COCHLEAR NERVE in the inner ear to create sound sensation in patients with residual nerve fibers.Faculty, Medical: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a medical school.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Diabetes Mellitus: A heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by HYPERGLYCEMIA and GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE.Depersonalization: State in which an individual perceives or experiences a sensation of unreality concerning the self or the environment; it is seen in disorders such as schizophrenia, affection disorders, organic mental disorders, and personality disorders. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Communicable Disease Control: Programs of surveillance designed to prevent the transmission of disease by any means from person to person or from animal to man.Adolescent Psychology: Field of psychology concerned with the normal and abnormal behavior of adolescents. It includes mental processes as well as observable responses.Universal Coverage: Health insurance coverage for all persons in a state or country, rather than for some subset of the population. It may extend to the unemployed as well as to the employed; to aliens as well as to citizens; for pre-existing conditions as well as for current illnesses; for mental as well as for physical conditions.Drug Therapy, Combination: Therapy with two or more separate preparations given for a combined effect.
Canada's Top 40 Under 40, 1996 Alumni Achievement Medal for Professional Achievement, University of Waterloo, 2000 Order of ... Rutledge, Lisa (January 7, 2016). "Cambridge family reaches threshold to sponsor Syrian refugees". cambridgetimes.ca. Retrieved ... "Recipient gallery of the Alumni Achievement Medal". uwaterloo.ca. Retrieved February 13, 2017. Official website. ...
"Panathinaikos and Papagiannis reach agreement". PAOBC.gr. June 25, 2014. Retrieved June 25, 2014. "UConn interested in Greek ... "Giorgos Papagiannis career stats & achievements". BasketHotel.com. Retrieved June 25, 2014. " ...
Reaching Mayfair had been an achievement. Rose's family fled antisemitism in Poland after the first world war to settle in ...
"Great Tour" cyclists reach Wirral peninsula". liverpoolecho. Retrieved 2015-12-07. "GroceryAid Achievement Awards 2015 Gold ... The winners of Achievement Awards are celebrated each year at the Sporting Heroes Luncheon. "National Grocers Benevolent Fund ... GroceryAid introduced its Achievement Awards in 2007/8 to recognise companies, large or small, who currently support the ... "Weetabix: GroceryAid Achievement Awards 2015 Gold Winner". www.weetabix.co.uk. Retrieved 2016-07-21. GroceryAid - https://www. ...
In the month, various achievements were reached. Alex Rodriguez hit his 3000th career hit at home on June 19, hitting a home ... The achievement was similar to Derek Jeter's 3000th hit in 2011, when he homered to left off from Tampa Bay Rays pitcher David ... Kepner, Tyler (July 9, 2011). "Jeter Reaches 3,000 Hits With Home Run". The New York Times. Retrieved June 29, 2015. "Cy Young ... 6 million in bonuses that he was promised when he had signed a contract years before for reaching these marks. On May 19, ...
"High Rider Reaches Agreement in Principal(sic) with French Biopharmaceutical Company". PR Newswire, October 9, 2007. "High ... Distinguished Achievement Award, American Gastroenterological Association, 1969. Sir Arthur Hurst Memorial Lectureship, British ... Distinguished Achievement Award. American Gastroenterological Association, 2008, p. 2. "The British Society of Gastroenterology ...
"Our university has been reaching achievements quite relevant. This leading position is also the result of the participation and ... The entire university body is to be congratulated, but we can not accommodate us because we still have much more achievements ... reaching the top position among the university in Brazil and the fourth place among the institutions in Latin America. " ...
He has reached singular achievements in his lifetime. I would also like to emphasize that Anatols Dinbergs was not only ...
http://socalasta.com/asta-october-achievements Aitchison, Mandy. "Licensing milestone reached in US". International Travel ...
Houvardas's school years saw many sporting achievements reached. From years 7 to 10, he was the school marathon champion. He ...
"British Academy Fellowship reaches 1,000 as 42 new UK Fellows are welcomed". 16 Jul 2015. Joan Bresnan's home page. ... "Joan Bresnan receives the 2016 ACL Life Time Achievement Award , ACL Member Portal". www.aclweb.org. Retrieved 2017-10-21. " ... In 2016, she was selected as ACL (Association for Computational Linguistics) Lifetime Achievement Award winner. She was elected ...
... one of five officials to reach such an achievement. He wore number 25 for the major part of his career. For 1979 through 1981, ...
It's a lifetime achievement, it's wonderful". Reserve Best in Show went to Ch. Soletrader Peek A Boo, also known as Jilly, a ... See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus. › "Crufts Flatcoat star Jet dies". Dog World (newspaper). Retrieved 5 ...
Lakhan reaches, points a gun to a nurse and kicks her too. He then gets a straight whack from a lady who turns out to be Sudha ... In this video, the achievements of Ramdhari were shown. Suddenly, a video of Sudha and Meera was played. Meera sat there in ... She reaches Hardoi and is saved from a dangerous bull by her father, who she does not recognize. To travel to Ramdhari's house ... Prithvi also reaches there. Though Ramdhari knows Meera is his daughter, he lies to her to save his self-respect and appoints ...
The 1940s successes were the pinnacle of Roscommon's achievements. They also reached the final in 1962. That year was memorable ... Four Roads reached the 2004 All Ireland junior club final, and again in 2005. Oran won the Caithlín Ní Thoimín Shield at Féile ... they reached the final in 1980 against Kerry. They looked like causing an upset when John "Jigger" O'Connor's 35th-second goal ... Their biggest achievements to date are winning the All Ireland Senior B in 1994, the All Ireland Intermediate in 1999, Nicky ...
... the achievement of 50 per cent broadband penetration among households by 2010. Both aims were reached. At the end of 2010, the ...
"ACS Award for Achievement in Research for the Teaching and Learning of Chemistry". American Chemical Society. Retrieved 2016-01 ... "American Chemical Society Expanded Its Global Reach , C&EN 2015 Chemistry Year In Review". C&EN 2015 Chemistry Year In Review. ... The complete list of current awards is: ACS Award for Achievement in Research for the Teaching and Learning of Chemistry ACS ... "Frank H. Field and Joe L. Franklin Award for Outstanding Achievement in Mass Spectrometry". American Chemical Society. ...
His best achievement was reaching Macau Open quarterfinal with Chew. "Chong Ming back at work after wedding". The Star. 8 ...
The club reached third position in 2016, their highest achievement. 2010 : Founded as Kuwwat 2014 : Renamed Mary GES 2015 : ...
With Shatat as vice president, Málaga CF achieved its greatest sporting achievement; reaching the quarter finals of the ...
Following this achievement, she was named the 2006 Telstra Female Athlete with a Disability of the Year by Athletics Australia ... McDonald, Margie (17 September 2008). "Kurt Fearnley needs endurance just to reach start of marathon". The Australian. ... "AIS Track and Field Achievements". Australian Sports Commission Website. Australian Sports Commission. Archived from the ...
This is an unparalleled achievement. Moreover, some decrease in the growth of GDP in the PRC does not affect oil consumption ... Demand for hydrocarbons keeps on growing, reaching new historic highs. Whereas dependence on imports maintains in many key ...
Their best achievement was reaching the Silver Medal in 2007. Since the late 2000s, the team has competed well against non- ...
... one of the first officials to reach such an achievement. Javie was also notable for being one of the few officials to wear ...
News of his achievements in Cambridge had reached Cape Town; he was feted by local academics as an example of South African ...
The "Final Solution of the Jewish Question" was the official code name for the murder of all Jews within reach, which was not ... Bankier, David; Mikhman, Dan (2008). Holocaust Historiography in Context: Emergence, Challenges, Polemics and Achievements. ...
With the world focused on celebrating the passage into the year 2000, the announcement by the mercurial Boris Yeltsin that he was taking immediate leave of his presidential duties stunned many leaders who had become convinced he was more likely to die in office.. Some governments withheld comment for several hours until they could confirm the sincerity of Yeltsins words. When it became clear that Yeltsin was serious about quitting on the last day of the 20th century, eulogies poured forth from capitals around the globe.. Britains Prime Minister Tony Blair proclaimed "the world is more stable and more secure" as a result of Yeltsins eight years in power. "Boris Yeltsin has played a crucial role in the history of Russia. He has steered his country through a most difficult and painful transition from communism to democracy," Blair said.. German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder said he now "expects the war in Chechnya and the suffering of the people will come to a speedy end, and will clear away the ...
But all eight skills are needed at some time to consistently reach the Achievement Zone. The Achievement Zone is when ... HOW to REACH YOUR ACHIEVEMENT ZONE. By Shane M. Murphy, Ph.D. & Annemarie Infantino Murphy, Ph.D.. Gold Medal Psychological ... These are the eight skills that will help you reach your Achievement Zone:. Action Focus: This is the skill of knowing how to ... What does it take to reach the Achievement Zone? The eight mind/body skills weve identified are crucial for successful ...
Male 8th grade students reaching the low international benchmark of science achievement TIMSS: Male 8th grade students reaching ... Fourth grade students reaching the advanced international benchmark of mathematics achievement 2.06 % ... Fourth grade students reaching the high international benchmark of mathematics achievement 14.19 % ... Fourth grade students reaching the intermediate international benchmark of mathematics achievement 40.92 % ...
News & Events Latest News Toasting Achievement of Reaching Capital Campaign Goal Toasting Achievement of Reaching Capital ...
Genes, School, and Achievement. Kings College London researchers examine the influence of school type and genetics on academic ... The Year 2003 in Review: Microarray Industry Cashes in While Reaching a Inflection Point. Dec 31, 2003 ... Home » The Year 2003 in Review: Microarray Industry Cashes in While Reaching a Inflection Point ...
Since its launch in Philadelphia in 2001, Reach & Raise has attracted more than $2 million in individual support! In 2016 alone ... With your help, we can increase our reach and help even more people impacted by this disease. ... we reached more than 550,000 people through our comprehensive website, informative webinars and publications and in-person ...
Since its launch in Philadelphia in 2002, Reach & Raise has attracted more than $4 million in individual support! In 2018 alone ... With your help, they can increase their reach and help even more people impacted by this disease. ...
Strategies for Reaching Achievement by unknown authors "... The purpose of this research was to examine the effects of the 3 Ps ... When employed as learning tools, these 3 Ps play a vital role in reaching achievement, and are essential in the acc ..." ... When employed as learning tools, these 3 Ps play a vital role in reaching achievement, and are essential in the accomplishment ... Reading is a relatively late achievement in the course of human development. It is built upon naturally occurring hu-man ...
UCSF Medical Center at Mission Bay Reaches Fundraising Milestone. June 15, 2012 The fundraising campaign to build the new UCSF ... Lennart Mucke Receives Lifetime Achievement Award from Alzheimers Association. July 15, 2012 Lennart Mucke, MD, a professor of ... has won the 2012 Alumni Achievement Award from the Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. ... has received the Khalid Iqbal Lifetime Achievement Award for his exceptional contributions to Alzheimers disease research. ...
Obama undone: In first year, Trump unravels predecessors signature achievements State Dept says US ready for serious ... Cost Keeps Stroke Meds Out of Reach for Some. *. By TODD NEALE ...
They announced they are trying to burn parts of the massive oil slick to keep it from reaching shorelines. Engineers said the ... Obama undone: In first year, Trump unravels predecessors signature achievements State Dept says US ready for serious ... The hope: that they can burn off at least some of the leaking crude before it reaches the gulf coast. ... Bannon has reached an agreement with special counsel to come interview: Sources ...
With a royal nickname, Beatrice Manley reaches out to teen girls. A recent act of generosity is her crowning achievement. ... Eventually, however, the girl, seeming proud of her motherhood, reached out to the security officer. As for the baby, named ... Whenever she could, Manley reached out to poor girls, arranging weekend extreme makeovers. ...
Reaching 200 innings will be a meaningful achievement for Phillies ace Aaron Nola ...
Reaching 200 innings will be a meaningful achievement for Phillies ace Aaron Nola ...
Reaching Kids and Families. *As of fall 2015, Northside Achievement Zone was serving 870 families with 1870 "scholars," each of ... Northside Achievement Zone is grounded in the belief that the closely intertwined goals of closing achievement gaps, improving ... Northside Achievement Zone was started with and is supported by a mix of public and private funds. In 2015, the total NAZ ... Northside Achievement Zone Business Plan FY 2015-FY2022. 27. Race to the Top Early Learning Challenge , US Department of ...
Its official: Humanity has truly reached the zenith of its technical achievement - a peak after which interstellar travel, ...
12 years of achievements. Bays took over the SPEC presidency in November 2004. He presided over more than 12 years of expansion ... Following its annual meeting, SPEC outlined its goals for the near future, which center on expanding SPECs global reach and ... and reaching out to emerging technology regions worldwide. SPEC is excited to continue pursuing its mission, and invites ... SPEC seeks to expand global reach and increase community engagement GAINESVILLE, Va., March 15, 2017 - The Standard Performance ...
Sustainability Achievements. Site. *Sustainable landscape. *Native plantings. Materials. *Designed for durability. *Designed ... Long Reach Retreat celebrates the tidal swing of fresh and salt water by leading visitors along a bridge to the water. At the ...
Imran Khan reaches US on Saudi Crown Princes special aircraft. The Indian Express ... Happy Birthday Dipika Pallikal! Celebrating Incredible Achievements of Star Indian Squash Player on Her 28th Birthday. Latestly ...
Apex Learning digital curriculum has a significant impact on student achievement, according to recent data released ... Reach out to the author: contact and available social following information is listed in the top-right of all news releases. ... Apex Learning digital curriculum has a significant impact on student achievement, according to recent data released by ... Beaverton School District Boosts Middle School Achievement with Apex Learning Digital Curriculum. ...
Reach out to the author: contact and available social following information is listed in the top-right of all news releases. ... Pittsburgh Conference Achievement Award Ryan C. Bailey, University of Illinois. ACS Division of Analytical Chemistry Award for ... The LCGC Lifetime Achievement Award honors a seasoned professional for a lifetime of contributions to the advancement of ... There will be two new awards this year, the Lifetime Achievement in Chromatography Award and the Emerging Leader in ...
Mauricio Pochettino: Reaching last 16 a massive achievement for Spurs after people said it was Mission Impossible ... Mauricio Pochettino: Reaching last 16 a massive achievement for Spurs after people said it was Mission Impossible ... Mauricio Pochettino: Reaching last 16 a massive achievement for Spurs after people said it was Mission Impossible ... Mo Salah provides magic touch as Liverpool reach Champions League knockouts in tense win over Napoli ...
Mauricio Pochettino: Reaching last 16 a massive achievement for Spurs after people said it was Mission Impossible ... England reach hockey World Cup semi-final with thrilling victory over Argentina ... England reach hockey World Cup semi-final with thrilling victory over Argentina ...
achievements ("reach", "arrive").. Moens and Steedman (1988) add a fifth category:. *points ("flash", "burst"). ... First they define the notion of an achievement goal (A-Goal): an A-Goal is something that is a goal to hold later, but is ... "A Formal Model of Emotion Triggers for BDI Agents with Achievement Goals", Synthese/KRA 185 (1): 83-129 (KRA: 413-459). ...
  • July 15, 2012 Lennart Mucke, MD, a professor of neurology and the Joseph B. Martin Distinguished Professor of Neuroscience at UCSF who directs neurological research at the UCSF-affiliated Gladstone Institutes, has received the Khalid Iqbal Lifetime Achievement Award for his exceptional contributions to Alzheimer's disease research. (ucsf.edu)
  • The LCGC Lifetime Achievement Award honors a seasoned professional for a lifetime of contributions to the advancement of chromatographic techniques and applications. (prweb.com)
  • The President's Council on Sports, Fitness & Nutrition (PCSFN) Lifetime Achievement Award is given annually to up to five individuals whose careers have greatly contributed to the advancement or promotion of physical activity, fitness, sports, or nutrition nationwide. (hhs.gov)
  • The world is on track to reach global targets for reducing AIDS deaths and HIV treatment access by 2020, but some regions of the world risk falling further behind due to lack of political commitment, UNAIDS announced in the run-up to the 9th International AIDS Society Conference on HIV Science (IAS 2017) , which opened today in Paris. (aidsmap.com)
  • For over a decade, Shane Murphy, Ph.D has been helping people reach their own Zones, the level of mind/body harmony which allows them to achieve their goals. (cybertowers.com)
  • I spend time planning how I will reach my goals. (cybertowers.com)
  • I regularly evaluate whether I have made progress in reaching my goals. (cybertowers.com)
  • This is the skill of knowing how to successfully reach your long-term goals. (cybertowers.com)
  • Inspired by the Harlem Children's Zone, the program's three main goals are: engaging parents to strengthen their ability to support their children's achievement, improving schools and the education experience through a continuum of services, and providing whole family wrap-around support to stabilize families and households and remove barriers to learning. (boldapproach.org)
  • As part of this process, NAZ works with a team of leaders, community partners, and dedicated staff to reach its goals. (boldapproach.org)
  • Following its annual meeting, SPEC outlined its goals for the near future, which center on expanding SPEC's global reach and increasing community engagement. (spec.org)
  • This is where champions are made, goals are reached, and lives are enriched. (pickthebrain.com)
  • In lower- and middle-income countries, progress towards achieving the targets has been especially strong in Cambodia and Botswana, which have already reached the 90-90-90 goals. (aidsmap.com)
  • With three years to go before the new millennium, America's schools are still showing slow progress in reaching the educational benchmarks established in the Goals 2000: Educate America Act, a report released last week says. (edweek.org)
  • While the proportion of the nation's children born with health risks has dropped since the goals were adopted in 1990 and the Goals 2000 law was enacted in 1994, there has been no significant parallel change in high school completion rates or most indicators of student achievement, notes the report from the federal National Education Goals Panel. (edweek.org)
  • These are states like know , activities like run , accomplishments like cross the street and achievements exemplified by a verb like recognize . (stanford.edu)
  • As part of the WVU Health Sciences Vice President's Achievement Awards celebration, a faculty member from the WVU Cancer Institute was honored for their work. (wvu.edu)
  • MELBOURNE (Reuters) - Unseeded Briton Kyle Edmund bludgeoned his way to a shock 6-4 3-6 6-3 6-4 victory over third seed Grigor Dimitrov to reach the Australian Open semi-finals on Tuesday. (reuters.com)
  • All these factors -- the physical measures of fitness, IQ, socioeconomic status, body mass index and the amount of lutein in the children's eyes -- together explain about half of the variability achievement among participants. (eurekalert.org)
  • With your help, we can increase our reach and help even more people impacted by this disease. (convio.net)
  • UW-Madison's Applied Population Laboratory says the number of people living in poverty reached 13% across the 5 years ending in 2014 - the highest poverty rate for the state of Wisconsin since 1984. (weac.org)
  • Approval of the bond issue is what many people say is O'Rourke's greatest achievement in Pittsford. (washingtonpost.com)
  • The Vice President's Achievement Awards are bestowed annually on people and groups who have made significant contributions to the missions of the University and their schools and units. (wvu.edu)
  • Her backgrounds in biology, counseling, and education have provided her with tools that allow her to help implement population-based interventions that reach a large number of people. (wvu.edu)
  • Northside Achievement Zone (NAZ) was formed in 2010 as an outgrowth of the PEACE Foundation, an organization committed to ending intergenerational poverty in North Minneapolis. (boldapproach.org)
  • Poverty increased across every level of educational achievement. (weac.org)
  • To reach the completion point under the HIPC debt relief initiative, Guinea had to meet specific targets relating to poverty reduction, macroeconomic management, and institutional reforms. (imf.org)
  • Eastern and southern Africa has also made good progress and the region is on course to reach the 90-90-90 targets. (aidsmap.com)
  • Stunning progress against malaria in the past decade has allowed the world to imagine a different future: Finally, a malaria-free Africa is within our reach. (co.rw)
  • However, limited information exists on community program reach, effectiveness, and costs across different groups of participants. (springer.com)
  • Weigh and Win is a scalable technology-supported and community-based weight loss program that reaches a large number of participants and may contribute to reducing health disparities. (springer.com)
  • April 25, 2012 Warner C. Greene - who directs virology and immunology research at the UCSF-affiliated Gladstone Institutes - has won the 2012 Alumni Achievement Award from the Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. (ucsf.edu)
  • After extensive original research and a decade as the world's highest-paid performance coach, Brendon Burchard finally reveals the most effective habits for reaching long-term success. (audible.com)
  • Join me in supporting Living Beyond Breast Cancer through Reach & Raise! (convio.net)
  • This can manifest itself in many ways, including improving access to SPEC-produced content, making our benchmarks and tools easier to use, and reaching out to emerging technology regions worldwide. (spec.org)
  • Northside Achievement Zone's direct service arm is comprised of a team of Connectors who meet regularly with families to identify their needs and connect them to appropriate services, and of Navigators, trained social workers who provide more specific help and services. (boldapproach.org)
  • There will be two new awards this year, the Lifetime Achievement in Chromatography Award and the Emerging Leader in Chromatography Award, both of which are sponsored by LCGC. (prweb.com)
  • Given his stats from last year -- career lows in hits (91) and batting average (.229) -- most estimates suggested that he might barely reach the mark near season's end. (espn.com)
  • That loss enabled Bangladesh, who had stunned New Zealand the previous day, to advance at their expense and the Tigers are keeping their feet firmly planted on the ground after reaching the last four of a global tournament for the first time. (reuters.com)
  • Such analysis is valuable for designing suitable policies to reach the SDGs, estimating their costs, and valuing their global impact. (pnas.org)
  • Allamah Sayyid Sa'eed Akhtar Rizvi aptly explains the need for man to understand his purpose in life and to be able to ponder over some of the important aspects of our journey in reaching nearness to Him. (al-islam.org)