Protein-Energy Malnutrition: The lack of sufficient energy or protein to meet the body's metabolic demands, as a result of either an inadequate dietary intake of protein, intake of poor quality dietary protein, increased demands due to disease, or increased nutrient losses.Kwashiorkor: A syndrome produced by severe protein deficiency, characterized by retarded growth, changes in skin and hair pigment, edema, and pathologic changes in the liver, including fatty infiltration, necrosis, and fibrosis. The word is a local name in Gold Coast, Africa, meaning "displaced child". Although first reported from Africa, kwashiorkor is now known throughout the world, but mainly in the tropics and subtropics. It is considered to be related to marasmus. (From Dorland, 27th ed)Anthropometry: The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.Malnutrition: An imbalanced nutritional status resulted from insufficient intake of nutrients to meet normal physiological requirement.Nutritional Status: State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.Dietary Proteins: Proteins obtained from foods. They are the main source of the ESSENTIAL AMINO ACIDS.Prenatal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutrition of FEMALE during PREGNANCY.Energy Intake: Total number of calories taken in daily whether ingested or by parenteral routes.Protein Deficiency: A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of proteins in the diet, characterized by adaptive enzyme changes in the liver, increase in amino acid synthetases, and diminution of urea formation, thus conserving nitrogen and reducing its loss in the urine. Growth, immune response, repair, and production of enzymes and hormones are all impaired in severe protein deficiency. Protein deficiency may also arise in the face of adequate protein intake if the protein is of poor quality (i.e., the content of one or more amino acids is inadequate and thus becomes the limiting factor in protein utilization). (From Merck Manual, 16th ed; Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 12th ed, p406)Bone Development: The growth and development of bones from fetus to adult. It includes two principal mechanisms of bone growth: growth in length of long bones at the epiphyseal cartilages and growth in thickness by depositing new bone (OSTEOGENESIS) with the actions of OSTEOBLASTS and OSTEOCLASTS.Lactalbumin: A major protein fraction of milk obtained from the WHEY.Nitroanisole O-Demethylase: Oxidative enzyme which transforms p-nitroanisole into p-nitrophenol.Nippostrongylus: A genus of intestinal nematode parasites belonging to the superfamily HELIGMOSOMATOIDEA, which commonly occurs in rats but has been experimentally transmitted to other rodents and rabbits. Infection is usually through the skin.Puberty, Precocious: Development of SEXUAL MATURATION in boys and girls at a chronological age that is 2.5 standard deviations below the mean age at onset of PUBERTY in the population. This early maturation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis results in sexual precocity, elevated serum levels of GONADOTROPINS and GONADAL STEROID HORMONES such as ESTRADIOL and TESTOSTERONE.Puberty: A period in the human life in which the development of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal system takes place and reaches full maturity. The onset of synchronized endocrine events in puberty lead to the capacity for reproduction (FERTILITY), development of secondary SEX CHARACTERISTICS, and other changes seen in ADOLESCENT DEVELOPMENT.Growth: Gradual increase in the number, the size, and the complexity of cells of an individual. Growth generally results in increase in ORGAN WEIGHT; BODY WEIGHT; and BODY HEIGHT.Nutrition Disorders: Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition.Anorexia Nervosa: An eating disorder that is characterized by the lack or loss of APPETITE, known as ANOREXIA. Other features include excess fear of becoming OVERWEIGHT; BODY IMAGE disturbance; significant WEIGHT LOSS; refusal to maintain minimal normal weight; and AMENORRHEA. This disorder occurs most frequently in adolescent females. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)Puberty, Delayed: The lack of development of SEXUAL MATURATION in boys and girls at a chronological age that is 2.5 standard deviations above the mean age at onset of PUBERTY in a population. Delayed puberty can be classified by defects in the hypothalamic LHRH pulse generator, the PITUITARY GLAND, or the GONADS. These patients will undergo spontaneous but delayed puberty whereas patients with SEXUAL INFANTILISM will not.Fetal Growth Retardation: The failure of a FETUS to attain its expected FETAL GROWTH at any GESTATIONAL AGE.Faculty, Medical: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a medical school.Schools, Medical: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of medicine.BaltimoreHistory, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Schools: Educational institutions.Physician Assistants: Health professionals who practice medicine as members of a team with their supervising physicians. They deliver a broad range of medical and surgical services to diverse populations in rural and urban settings. Duties may include physical exams, diagnosis and treatment of disease, interpretation of tests, assist in surgery, and prescribe medications. (from http://www.aapa.orglabout-pas accessed 2114/2011)Croatia: Created 7 April 1992 as a result of the division of Yugoslavia.FinlandBirth Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual at BIRTH. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Oligomenorrhea: Abnormally infrequent menstruation.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Blood Pressure: PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Infant Nutrition Disorders: Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition, occurring in infants ages 1 month to 24 months.Diet, Protein-Restricted: A diet that contains limited amounts of protein. It is prescribed in some cases to slow the progression of renal failure. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)Publications: Copies of a work or document distributed to the public by sale, rental, lease, or lending. (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p181)Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Human Growth Hormone: A 191-amino acid polypeptide hormone secreted by the human adenohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, ANTERIOR), also known as GH or somatotropin. Synthetic growth hormone, termed somatropin, has replaced the natural form in therapeutic usage such as treatment of dwarfism in children with growth hormone deficiency.Insulin-Like Growth Factor II: A well-characterized neutral peptide believed to be secreted by the LIVER and to circulate in the BLOOD. It has growth-regulating, insulin-like and mitogenic activities. The growth factor has a major, but not absolute, dependence on SOMATOTROPIN. It is believed to be a major fetal growth factor in contrast to INSULIN-LIKE GROWTH FACTOR I, which is a major growth factor in adults.Insulin-Like Growth Factor I: A well-characterized basic peptide believed to be secreted by the liver and to circulate in the blood. It has growth-regulating, insulin-like, and mitogenic activities. This growth factor has a major, but not absolute, dependence on GROWTH HORMONE. It is believed to be mainly active in adults in contrast to INSULIN-LIKE GROWTH FACTOR II, which is a major fetal growth factor.Growth Hormone: A polypeptide that is secreted by the adenohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, ANTERIOR). Growth hormone, also known as somatotropin, stimulates mitosis, cell differentiation and cell growth. Species-specific growth hormones have been synthesized.Colorectal Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the COLON or the RECTUM or both. Risk factors for colorectal cancer include chronic ULCERATIVE COLITIS; FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI; exposure to ASBESTOS; and irradiation of the CERVIX UTERI.Leucovorin: The active metabolite of FOLIC ACID. Leucovorin is used principally as an antidote to FOLIC ACID ANTAGONISTS.Hormone Replacement Therapy: Therapeutic use of hormones to alleviate the effects of hormone deficiency.Probiotics: Live microbial DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS which beneficially affect the host animal by improving its intestinal microbial balance. Antibiotics and other related compounds are not included in this definition. In humans, lactobacilli are commonly used as probiotics, either as single species or in mixed culture with other bacteria. Other genera that have been used are bifidobacteria and streptococci. (J. Nutr. 1995;125:1401-12)Indian Ocean Islands: Numerous islands in the Indian Ocean situated east of Madagascar, north to the Arabian Sea and east to Sri Lanka. Included are COMOROS (republic), MADAGASCAR (republic), Maldives (republic), MAURITIUS (parliamentary democracy), Pemba (administered by Tanzania), REUNION (a department of France), and SEYCHELLES (republic).Growth Disorders: Deviations from the average values for a specific age and sex in any or all of the following: height, weight, skeletal proportions, osseous development, or maturation of features. Included here are both acceleration and retardation of growth.Colon: The segment of LARGE INTESTINE between the CECUM and the RECTUM. It includes the ASCENDING COLON; the TRANSVERSE COLON; the DESCENDING COLON; and the SIGMOID COLON.
"Effect of prenatal protein malnutrition on long-term potentiation and BDNF protein expression in the rat entorhinal cortex ... Protein-energy malnutrition affects children the most because they have less protein intake. The few rare cases found in the ... Protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) refers to a form of malnutrition which is defined as a range of pathological conditions ... These findings highlight the great significance of adequate protein in the prenatal diet. Although protein energy malnutrition ...
"Effect of prenatal protein malnutrition on long-term potentiation and BDNF protein expression in the rat entorhinal cortex ... Redirected from Protein-calorie malnutrition). Protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) is a form of malnutrition that is defined as a ... Protein-energy malnutrition affects children the most because they have less protein intake. The few rare cases found in the ... Prenatal protein malnutritionEdit. See also: Prenatal nutrition. Protein malnutrition is detrimental at any point in life, but ...
His contributions to pathophysiology of protein energy malnutrition are well known. His classical experiments on correction of ... "The relation of deficiencies of vitamin a and of essential fatty acids to follicular hyperkeratosis in the rat". The British ... Ramalingaswami, V. (1964). "Perspectives in Protein Malnutrition". Nature. 201: 546-551. doi:10.1038/201546a0. PMID 14160638.. ... Ramalingaswami, V. (1969). "Interface of protein nutrition and medicine in the tropics". Lancet. 2 (7623): 733-736. doi:10.1016 ...
... can also be used as a liquid-stable source of glutamine to prevent damage from protein energy malnutrition. The ... on the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug-induced exacerbation of gastric ulcer in rats". Japanese journal of pharmacology. ... partially prevents changes in body weight and on intestinal immunity induced by protein energy malnutrition in pigs". Digestive ... "Neuroprotective effects of Aceglutamide on motor function in a rat model of cerebral ischemia and reperfusion". Restorative ...
Emphasized the importance of growth monitoring for early diagnosis and appropriate management of protein energy malnutrition. ... NCLAS also came into the limelight due to the WNIN/Ob obese rat strain which is the heaviest inbred rat model available. It has ... Exploded the protein myth and highlighted calorie gap as the major bottleneck for healthy growth of childrem. Developed simple ... Developed obese and diabetic mutant rat models: WNIN/GR-Ob, WNIN/Ob, WNIN/Ob-IGT, to serve as pre-clinical animal models in ...
Main article: Protein-energy malnutrition. If one of the essential amino acids is less than needed for an individual the ... Complete proteins in non-human animalsEdit. Scientists had known since the early 20th century that rats could not survive on a ... Essential amino acid deficiency should be distinguished from protein-energy malnutrition, which can manifest as marasmus or ... Protein per calorieEdit. It can be shown that common vegetable sources contain adequate protein, often more protein per Calorie ...
1993). "Liver changes in protein malnutrition. An experimental study in rats". Nutr Hosp. 8 (6): 358-363. PMID 8373879. MJ ... which also produces energy) and simultaneously increase the synthesis of fatty acids. This "false sense of energy" results in ... Protein malnutrition, such as that seen in kwashiorkor, results in a lack of precursor apoproteins within the cell, therefore ... The risk factors associated with steatosis are varied, and include diabetes mellitus, protein malnutrition, hypertension cell ...
... double-blind trial using a protein and energy-dense, omega-3 fatty acids-enriched oral supplement, provided its consumption was ... In addition, β-hydroxy-β-methyl butirate derived from leucine catabolism used as a supplement in tumor-bearing rats prevents ... Continued research using this nutraceutical to prevent and/or improve malnutrition in the setting of muscle wasting is ... as a potent stimulator of protein synthesis as well as an inhibitor of protein breakdown in the extreme case of cachexia.65, 72 ...
... the energy content is not complemented with proteins and lipids required for a nutritious diet. François Magendie showed by ... Testing on rats has indicated negative effects of junk food that may manifest likewise in people. A Scripps Research Institute ... In 1952, it appeared in a headline in the Lima, Ohio, News, "fish, 'Junk Foods' Cause Serious Malnutrition", for a reprint of a ... Junk food is a pejorative term for food containing high levels of calories from sugar or fat with little fibre, protein, ...
"Utilization of Proteins in Energy Metabolism". In Ira Wolinsky, Judy A. Driskell. Sports Nutrition: Energy metabolism and ... Foodborne and infectious diseases can result in malnutrition, and malnutrition exacerbates infectious disease. Poor nutrition ... but the rats died. A second group of rats to which he also fed an amount of milk containing vitamins. Gowland Hopkins ... The body requires amino acids to produce new proteins (protein retention) and to replace damaged proteins (maintenance). Amino ...
... calorie restriction without malnutrition to prove that it prolonged the life of rats. Unlike the 100-year lifespan of humans, ... "Energy restriction and potential energy restriction mimetics". Nutrition Research Reviews. 28 (2): 1-21. doi:10.1017/ ... Attempts are being made to develop drugs that act as CR mimetics, and much of that work has focused on a class of proteins ... The level of 8-OHdG in these organs of the calorie restricted rats at 30 months averaged 65% of the level in rats fed an ...
Aleksandra Walczynska 2007 "Energy budget of wood-feeding larvae of Corymbia rubra (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae)." Eur. J. Entomol ... At first this appears unlikely because malnutrition and hunger-related disease now kill 6.5 million children under five years ... such as rats and possibly chickens. As a backup plan, it is even possible that humans could eat this predigested biomass. In a ... and making leaf protein concentrate. Biomass can be predigested by bacteria so that animals that are not good at digesting ...
... increase in resting energy expenditure, an effect not exhibited in vertical sleeve gastrectomy rats. In addition, pair-fed rats ... Protein malnutrition is a real risk. Some patients suffer troublesome vomiting after surgery, until their GI tract adjusts to ... Hair loss is also a risk of protein malnutrition. Vitamin A deficiencies generally occur as a result of fat-soluble vitamins ... In some cases, surgeons may recommend use of a liquid protein supplement. Powdered protein supplements added to smoothies or ...
Siva Kiran RR, Madhu GM, Satyanarayana SV (2015). "Spirulina in combating Protein Energy Malnutrition (PEM) and Protein Energy ... Aspetti biochimici, morfologici e tossicologici" [Extended Treatment of Rats with Diets Containing Spirulina. Biochemical, ... Its interest for food security is for lower land and water needs to produce protein and energy than required for livestock as ... Dried spirulina contains 5% water, 24% carbohydrates, 8% fat, and about 60% (51-71%) protein (table). It is a complete protein ...
... represents a form of malnutrition called kwashiorkor which is caused by insufficient protein despite a sufficient caloric ... The basic cause of starvation is an imbalance between energy intake and energy expenditure. In other words, the body expends ... of organ lipoprotein lipase activity and ketonuria to hypertriglyceridemia in starved and streptozocin-induced diabetic rats". ... About 2-3 g of protein has to be broken down to synthesize 1 g of glucose; about 20-30 g of protein is broken down each day to ...
Due to the kinetic energy induced by this temperature the weak hydrogen bonds and hydrophobic interactions of common proteins ... Intestinal alkaline phosphatase (IAP) and the mechanism it uses to regulate pH and ATP hydrolysis in rat duodenum. Testing the ... Kidney tumors, infections as well as malnutrition has also shown abnormal level of alkaline phosphatase in blood. In Gram- ... the enzyme is in solution with a smaller amount of proteins than there are in another portion of the cell. The proteins' heat ...
hPL has weak actions similar to those of growth hormone, causing the formation of protein tissues in the same way that growth ... It modifies the metabolic state of the mother during pregnancy to facilitate the energy supply of the fetus. hPL has anti- ... These functions help support fetal nutrition even in the case of maternal malnutrition. hPL is a potent agonist of the ... and hPL and prolactin have been found to possess very similar lactogenic activity in vitro in mouse and rat mammary gland ...
They both utilize the same desaturase and elongase proteins in order to synthesize inflammatory regulatory proteins.[54] The ... Food and Nutrition Board (2005). Dietary Reference Intakes For Energy, Carbohydrate, Fiber, Fat, Fatty Acids, Cholesterol, ... eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids differ in their effects on organ lipids and fatty acids in growing rats". The ... "Malnutrition behind whale strandings". Stuff, Fairfax New Zealand Limited. Retrieved 8 August 2015 ...
Malnutrition or nutrition disorders (E40-E68, 260-269). Malnutrition. Protein-energy. malnutrition. *Kwashiorkor ... Similar changes can be produced in rats and monkeys with experimental vitamin E deprivation.. .mw-parser-output cite.citation{ ...
... protein and carbohydrates for energy, consume large amounts of oxygen and produce little lactic acid. Anaerobic exercise ... Prisoner of war exhibiting muscle loss as a result of malnutrition. Muscles may atrophy as a result of malnutrition, physical ... Urbancheka, M; Picken, E; Kalliainen, L; Kuzon, W (2001). "Specific Force Deficit in Skeletal Muscles of Old Rats Is Partially ... This low efficiency is the result of about 40% efficiency of generating ATP from food energy, losses in converting energy from ...
Dietary Reference Intakes For Energy, Carbohydrate, Fiber, Fat, Fatty Acids, Cholesterol, Protein, and Amino Acids (PDF). ... CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link) Orr A (2014). "Malnutrition behind whale strandings". Stuff, Fairfax New Zealand ... eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids differ in their effects on organ lipids and fatty acids in growing rats". The ... They both utilize the same desaturase and elongase proteins in order to synthesize inflammatory regulatory proteins. The ...
Tocco-Bradley, R.; Kluger, M. J.; Kauffman, C. A. (1985). "Effect of age on fever and acute-phase response of rats to endotoxin ... doi:10.1034/j.1600-0706.2000.880110.x. Romanyukha, A. A.; Rudnev, S. G.; Sidorov, I. A. (2006). "Energy cost of infection ... Herman, P. P.; Yatvin, M. B. (1994). "Effect of heat on viral protein production and budding in cultured mammalian cells". ... Circumstances where immunity is not activated due to lack of an actuarial benefit include: Malnutrition Old age Hibernation ...
"Utilization of Proteins in Energy Metabolism". In Ira Wolinsky, Judy A. Driskell (ed.). Sports Nutrition: Energy metabolism and ... MalnutritionEdit. Main article: Malnutrition. Malnutrition refers to insufficient, excessive, or imbalanced consumption of ... but the rats died. A second group of rats to which he also fed an amount of milk containing vitamins.[101] Gowland Hopkins ... Further information: Protein (nutrient), Protein quality, and Amino acid score. Proteins are the basis of many animal body ...
... deficiency should be distinguished from protein-energy malnutrition, which can manifest as marasmus or ... Scientists had known since the early 20th century that rats could not survive on a diet whose only protein source was zein, ... Although proteins from plant sources tend to have relatively lower concentrations of protein by mass in comparison to protein ... lack of one or more of the essential amino acids is described as protein-energy malnutrition. Biological Value (BV) Complete ...
Protein hydrolysate formulas contain protein that's been broken down into smaller sizes than are those in cow's milk and soy- ... Baby is considered at risk for malnutrition: In certain circumstances infants may be at risk for malnutrition, such as due to ... Lactose is not only a good source of energy, it also aids in the absorption of the minerals magnesium, calcium, zinc and iron. ... at 3161 mg/kg for a rat. Health Canada conducted a separate test and also detected traces of melamine in infant formula ...
There are a number of ALS genes that encode for RNA-binding proteins. The first to be discovered was TDP-43 protein,[35] a ... Preventing weight loss and malnutrition in people with ALS improves both survival and quality of life.[11] Weight loss in ALS ... Cellular models used to study ALS include the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae and rat or mouse motor neurons in culture. Small- ... The most common side effects are nausea and a lack of energy (asthenia).[6] People with ALS should begin treatment with ...
"Effect of prenatal protein malnutrition on long-term potentiation and BDNF protein expression in the rat entorhinal cortex ... Protein-energy malnutrition affects children the most because they have less protein intake. The few rare cases found in the ... Protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) refers to a form of malnutrition which is defined as a range of pathological conditions ... These findings highlight the great significance of adequate protein in the prenatal diet. Although protein energy malnutrition ...
Effect of protein-energy malnutrition in early life on the dimensions and bone quality of the adult rat mandible. Jahr: 2002 ... Effect of protein-energy malnutrition in early life on the dimensions and bone quality of the adult rat mandible ... in neonatal rats nursed by dams put on a protein-free diet to depress milk production and thus create a state of protein-energy ... Pregnant Wistar rats were fed a 20% protein diet (control) or a protein-free diet (malnourished) to obtain normal or subnormal ...
... rats. Twenty-day-old male Sprague-Dawley rats were placed in a 14:10 photoperiod and fed either an 8% low protein diet (LPD) or ... The morphology of the pineal gland was studied in protein-calorie-malnourished (PCM) ... Protein-Energy Malnutrition / pathology*. Rats. Rats, Inbred Strains. From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National ... rats. Twenty-day-old male Sprague-Dawley rats were placed in a 14:10 photoperiod and fed either an 8% low protein diet (LPD) or ...
Abdominal surgery in protein malnourished patients receiving corticosteroids (eg, advanced malignancy, transplant recipients) ... administration amplifies the inhibitory effect of protein malnutrition (PM) on wound healing. ... Protein-Energy Malnutrition / physiopathology*. Rats. Rats, Wistar. Treatment Outcome. Wound Healing / drug effects*. ... PM rats (groups 2 to 4) received 5.5% protein chow every other day for 8 weeks. Control rats (group 1) received 23.4% protein ...
A study of serum total protein, serum albumin and thyroid hormones in protein energy malnutrition in children. International ... Thyroid hormone status in children with protein energy malnutrition. Int J Contemp Pediatr., vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 193-199. [ ... Fluoride-induced thyroid dysfunction in rats: roles of dietary protein and calcium level. Toxicology and Industrial Health, vol ... A group of rats injected Arca noae extract only (300 mg/kg.bd.wt) was performed to observe the impact of the extract on the ( ...
... lactalbumin diet for 12 weeks in order to study the effects of protein-calorie malnutrition on skeletal development. During the ... Protein deficiency was produced by freely feeding young rats a 1% ... Nakamoto, T., Miller, S. A.: The effect of protein-energy malnutrition on the development of bones in newborn rats, J. Nutr.109 ... Lee, M., Myers, G. S.: The effect of protein-energy malnutrition on appositional bone growth in the rat, Experientia35:824-825 ...
Even in high-income countries malnutrition may exist in cases of intrauterine growth retardation, as well as in chronic ... Persistent reduction of pancreatic Beta-cell mass after a limited period of protein-energy malnutrition in the young rat. ... If rats are fed a protein-energy deficient diet, total pancreatic beta cell weight and individual beta cell size are diminished ... Thus, protein-energy malnutrition early in life may result in a diminished reserve for insulin production, which in turn may ...
... of early protein-energy malnutrition and environmental changes on cholinesterase activity of brain and adrenal glands of rats. ... The effect of protein energy undernutrition induced during the period of suckling on cholinergic enzyme activity in the rat ... Protein malnutrition in the rat: its effects on maternal behavior and pup development. Develop Psychobiol 1974;7: 551-61. ... Early protein malnutrition in the rat: Behavioral changes during rehabilitation. Develop Psychobiol 1977;10:105-11. ...
Effect of protein-energy malnutrition in early life on the dimensions and bone quality of the adult rat mandible. Arch Oral ... Bones, muscles and visceral organs of protein-malnourished rats (Rattus norvegicus ) grow more slowly but for longer durations ... After allowing three days for adaptation, 60 rats were divided into two groups: Con, weight-matched control rats with unlimited ... Previous studies have also investigated the effects of malnutrition on skeletal tissue2,5,9,26,27, but not undernutrition as we ...
Protein-energy malnutrition and oxidative injury in growing rats. Human & Experimental Toxicology, 15(10): 810-814, 1996. PMID ... S.K.Study of oxidative-stress in rifampicin-induced hepatic in young rats with protein-energy malnutrition. Human & ... Study of oxidative stress in isoniazid-induced hepatic injury in young rats with and without protein-energy malnutrition. ... Oxidative-hepatic injury of isoniazid-rifampicin in young rats subjected to protein and energy malnutrition. Drug & Chemical ...
Srikanth VS, Mangala S, Subrahmanyam G. Improvement of Protein Energy Malnutrition by Nutritional Intervention with Moringa ... Hamza, A. A. Ameliorative effects of Moringa oleifera Lam seed extract on liver fibrosis in rats. Food Chem Toxicol 2010;48(1): ... Moringa contains proteins, vitamins, and minerals. As an antioxidant, it seems to help protect cells from damage.. ... Hamza, A. A. Ameliorative effects of Moringa oleifera Lam seed extract on liver fibrosis in rats. Food Chem Toxicol 2010;48(1): ...
Persistent reduction of pancreatic beta-cell mass after a limited period of protein-energy malnutrition in the young rat. ... Petry CJ, Ozanne SE, Wang CL, Hales CN: Effects of early protein restriction and adult obesity on rat pancreatic hormone ... Ozanne SE, Wang CL, Coleman N, Smith GD: Altered muscle insulin sensitivity in the male offspring of protein-malnourished rats ... Programming of hepatic insulin-sensitive enzymes in off-spring of rat dams fed a protein restricted diet. Am J Physiol272 : ...
Persistent reduction of pancreatic beta-cell mass after a limited period of protein-energy malnutrition in the young rat. ... Adair LS, Kuzawa CW, Borja J. Maternal energy stores and diet composition during pregnancy program adolescent blood pressure. ... β-cell size and total pancreatic β-cell weight in progeny have been reported to be lower when dams were on a low-protein, ...
Extruded soy-cocoa and corn-starch based complementary diet with a protein-energy ratio of 21% holds great promise in ... Animals (n=5) in six treatment groups received; standard rat diet (control); iru-supplemented feed; standard rat feed with ... alleviating malnutrition so prevalent among Nigerian children under five years. There is however, paucity of scientific ... Crude protein (39.17 - 39.93%) and crude fat (16.80 - 17.53%) were found in groundnut "Robo" while crude protein... ...
The brain is particularly vulnerable to protein-energy malnutrition... ... It is doubtful if a dietary deficiency specifically of protein occurs in man without an accompanying degree of energy ... In the rat, PEM after the growth spurt affects certain aspects of the metabolism of the brain. In rats given a 3 % casein diet ... The brain is particularly vulnerable to protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) during its growth spurt. Differences in the growth ...
To confirm this, doxorubicin (DR) (8.5 mg/kg) was used to induce rat chronic kidney disease (CKD) and then treated with QT and ... Hsieh, C. L., Peng, C. C., Chen, K. C., & Peng, R. Y. (2013). Rutin (quercetin rutinoside) induced protein-energy malnutrition ... Hsieh, CL, Peng, CC, Chen, KC & Peng, RY 2013, Rutin (quercetin rutinoside) induced protein-energy malnutrition in chronic ... DRCKD elevated blood urea nitrogen to 38 ± 3 vs RT, to 98 ± 6 mg/dL (p ,0.001), implicating "protein-energy malnutrition". RT ...
Impact of protein malnutrition on subcellular nucleic acids and protein status of brain of aluminum-exposed rats. J. Toxicol. ... In India protein energy malnutrition has been identified as a major health and nutrition problem ( 2 ). Reports are available ... protein diet or 6% protein diet. Rat brain aluminum content was significantly increased in the aluminum-exposed rats of the ... The brain protein content was also found to remain unaltered in response to aluminum exposure as well as protein malnutrition ( ...
Malnutrition was associated with a decrease in energy-rich phosphates and energy charge potential in the liver, but during ... Rat pancreas was excised and studied with regard to tissue weight, protein and DNA contents after 3 days of treatment with ... Rat pancreas was excised and studied with regard to tissue weight, protein and DNA contents after 3 days of treatment with ... Liver regeneration was studied in rats after 70 % liver resection. Malnutrition was induced by feeding with only 25 % of normal ...
Protein-energy malnutrition as a risk factor for increased morbidity in long-term hemodialysis patients.  Herselman M.; Moosa ... In the present study, we examined protein expression profiles in the rat frontal cortex exposed to a total of eight MA ... ... This prospective nonintervention single-center study was undertaken to investigate the role of protein-energy malnutrition (PEM ... Phosphorylation of human serum amyloid A protein by protein kinase C  Nel A.E.; De Beer M.C.; Shephard E.G.; Strachan A.F.; ...
Ventricular remodeling and diastolic myocardial dysfunction in rats submitted to protein-calorie malnutrition.. *José Roberto ... Structural and functional affection of the heart in protein energy malnutrition patients on admission and after nutritional ... Cardiac atrophy and ventricular function in infants with protein calorie malnutrition. *EF Doyle, MA Engle, WM Gersony, WJ ... The effects of malnutrition on cardiac function in African children.. *Jonathan Silverman, Yamikani F Chimalizeni, +4 authors ...
II concentrations and growth hormone and insulin responses to arginine infusion in children with protein-energy malnutrition ... Comparison of the effects of 20 days and 15 months of calorie restriction on male Fischer 344 rats. Aging (Milano) 1998;10:303- ... Effects of caloric or protein restriction on insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) and IGF-binding proteins in children and ... Protein levels were only measured at the start of chemotherapy, and the effect of change over time of these growth factors on ...
Protein-Energy Malnutrition/pathology*. *Rats. *Rats, Wistar. *Taurine/pharmacology*. Substances. *Blood Glucose ... Pregnant Wistar rats received a diet of either 20% or 8% protein (control [C group] and recuperated [R group] respectively), ... Effect of maternal low-protein diet and taurine on the vulnerability of adult Wistar rat islets to cytokines.. Merezak S1, ... A maternal low-protein diet has been shown to induce an increased susceptibility of fetal islets to cytokines, but this effect ...
A pilot study on the effects of curd (dahi) and leaf protein concentrate in children with protein energy malnutrition (PEM). ... and postnatal protein energy deprivation on the myenteric plexus of the small intestine: a morphometric study in weanling rats ... of intrauterine growth-retarded newborn rats caused by maternal protein malnutrition. Acta Histochem 2: 183-190. [ Links ]. ... Biochemical and morphological changes in the digestive tract of rats after prenatal and postnatal malnutrition. Am J Clin Nutr ...
Protein-energy malnutrition was induced in male Wistar rats for 4 weeks. At the end of 4 weeks, malnourished animals were ... Protein-energy malnutrition was induced in male Wistar rats for 4 weeks. At the end of 4 weeks, malnourished animals were ... in Malnutrition-Sham rats, Gln therapy lessened neutrophil lung infiltration and apoptosis in lung and liver. In Malnutrition- ... in Malnutrition-Sham rats, Gln therapy lessened neutrophil lung infiltration and apoptosis in lung and liver. In Malnutrition- ...
  • Diets that consist of less than 6% protein in utero have been linked with many deficits, including decreased brain weight, increased obesity, and impaired communication within the brain in some animals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Even diets of mild protein malnutrition (7.2%) have been shown to have lasting and significant effects in rats. (wikipedia.org)
  • Monkeys whose mother had eaten a diet with an adequate amount of protein were shown to have no deficit in brain size or composition, even when their body weight amounted to less than one-half of that of the controls, whereas monkeys whose mothers had eaten low-protein diets were shown to have smaller brains regardless of the diet given after birth. (wikipedia.org)
  • Increased stress sensitivity: Male offspring of pregnant rats fed low-protein diets have been shown to exhibit blood pressure that is hyperresponsive to stress and salt. (wikipedia.org)
  • Increased passive stiffness: Intrauterine undernutrition was shown to increase passive stiffness in skeletal muscles in rats. (wikipedia.org)
  • Increased obesity: Mice exposed to a low-protein diet prenatally weighed 40% less than the control group at birth (intrauterine growth retardation). (wikipedia.org)
  • Although there were not significant differences in the food intake, there were increased amounts of perirenal fat in rats that were protein-deprived during early (gestation days 0-7) and mid (gestation days 8-14) pregnancy, and throughout pregnancy, whereas rats that were protein-deprived only late in gestation (gestation days 15-22) were shown to have increased gonadal fat. (wikipedia.org)
  • When fed a supplement containing protein, energy, and micronutrients, pregnant women showed more successful results during birth, including high birth weights, longer gestations, and fewer pre-term births, than women who had consumed a supplement with micronutrients and low energy but no protein (although this finding may be due to the increase of energy in the supplements, not the increase of protein). (wikipedia.org)
  • From these studies it is possible to conclude that prenatal protein nutrition is vital to the development of the fetus, especially the brain, the susceptibility to diseases in adulthood, and even gene expression. (wikipedia.org)
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