A process involving chance used in therapeutic trials or other research endeavor for allocating experimental subjects, human or animal, between treatment and control groups, or among treatment groups. It may also apply to experiments on inanimate objects.
The injection of drugs, most often analgesics, into the spinal canal without puncturing the dura mater.
A rapid-onset, short-acting cholinesterase inhibitor used in cardiac arrhythmias and in the diagnosis of myasthenia gravis. It has also been used as an antidote to curare principles.
Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.
Production of an image when x-rays strike a fluorescent screen.
A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.
Drugs that block nerve conduction when applied locally to nerve tissue in appropriate concentrations. They act on any part of the nervous system and on every type of nerve fiber. In contact with a nerve trunk, these anesthetics can cause both sensory and motor paralysis in the innervated area. Their action is completely reversible. (From Gilman AG, et. al., Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 8th ed) Nearly all local anesthetics act by reducing the tendency of voltage-dependent sodium channels to activate.
Societal or individual decisions about the equitable distribution of available resources.
A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Planning for the equitable allocation, apportionment, or distribution of available health resources.
The administrative procedures involved with acquiring TISSUES or organs for TRANSPLANTATION through various programs, systems, or organizations. These procedures include obtaining consent from TISSUE DONORS and arranging for transportation of donated tissues and organs, after TISSUE HARVESTING, to HOSPITALS for processing and transplantation.
Total mass of all the organisms of a given type and/or in a given area. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990) It includes the yield of vegetative mass produced from any given crop.
Prospective patient listings for appointments or treatments.
The number of males per 100 females.
The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Available manpower, facilities, revenue, equipment, and supplies to produce requisite health care and services.
Detailed financial plans for carrying out specific activities for a certain period of time. They include proposed income and expenditures.
Criteria and standards used for the determination of the appropriateness of the inclusion of patients with specific conditions in proposed treatment plans and the criteria used for the inclusion of subjects in various clinical trials and other research protocols.
The above-ground plant without the roots.
Planning for health resources at a regional or multi-state level.
Focusing on certain aspects of current experience to the exclusion of others. It is the act of heeding or taking notice or concentrating.
An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.
Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
Final stage of a liver disease when the liver failure is irreversible and LIVER TRANSPLANTATION is needed.
Individuals supplying living tissue, organs, cells, blood or blood components for transfer or transplantation to histocompatible recipients.
An element with the atomic symbol N, atomic number 7, and atomic weight [14.00643; 14.00728]. Nitrogen exists as a diatomic gas and makes up about 78% of the earth's atmosphere by volume. It is a constituent of proteins and nucleic acids and found in all living cells.
Preferentially rated health-related activities or functions to be used in establishing health planning goals. This may refer specifically to PL93-641.
The number of offspring produced at one birth by an oviparous or ovoviviparous animal.
The usually underground portions of a plant that serve as support, store food, and through which water and mineral nutrients enter the plant. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982; Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
A class of free-living freshwater flatworms of North America.
New immature growth of a plant including stem, leaves, tips of branches, and SEEDLINGS.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
The transference of a part of or an entire liver from one human or animal to another.
Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.
Federal, state, or local government organized methods of financial assistance.
Parts of plants that usually grow vertically upwards towards the light and support the leaves, buds, and reproductive structures. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
Sexual activities of animals.
A philosophically coherent set of propositions (for example, utilitarianism) which attempts to provide general norms for the guidance and evaluation of moral conduct. (from Beauchamp and Childress, Principles of Biomedical Ethics, 4th ed)
A nonmetallic element with atomic symbol C, atomic number 6, and atomic weight [12.0096; 12.0116]. It may occur as several different allotropes including DIAMOND; CHARCOAL; and GRAPHITE; and as SOOT from incompletely burned fuel.
The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.
The cycle by which the element carbon is exchanged between organic matter and the earth's physical environment.
The principles of professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the physician, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the physician in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families.
System of recording financial transactions.
The spurge family of flowering plants, in the order Euphorbiales, contains some 7,500 species in 275 genera. The family consists of annual and perennial herbs and woody shrubs or trees.
The synthesis by organisms of organic chemical compounds, especially carbohydrates, from carbon dioxide using energy obtained from light rather than from the oxidation of chemical compounds. Photosynthesis comprises two separate processes: the light reactions and the dark reactions. In higher plants; GREEN ALGAE; and CYANOBACTERIA; NADPH and ATP formed by the light reactions drive the dark reactions which result in the fixation of carbon dioxide. (from Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2001)
Processes orchestrated or driven by a plethora of genes, plant hormones, and inherent biological timing mechanisms facilitated by secondary molecules, which result in the systematic transformation of plants and plant parts, from one stage of maturity to another.
The unconsolidated mineral or organic matter on the surface of the earth that serves as a natural medium for the growth of land plants.
A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A plant family of the order Caryophyllales, subclass Caryophyllidae, class Magnoliopsida. The species are diverse in appearance and habitat; most have swollen leaf and stem joints.
A method in which either the observer(s) or the subject(s) is kept ignorant of the group to which the subjects are assigned.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Tissue, organ, or gamete donation intended for a designated recipient.
A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE. The common name of snakeroot is also used for POLYGALA; SANICULA; ARISTOLOCHIA and others.
Absolute, comparative, or differential costs pertaining to services, institutions, resources, etc., or the analysis and study of these costs.
The intrinsic moral worth ascribed to a living being. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
The introduction of error due to systematic differences in the characteristics between those selected and those not selected for a given study. In sampling bias, error is the result of failure to ensure that all members of the reference population have a known chance of selection in the sample.
Abstract standards or empirical variables in social life which are believed to be important and/or desirable.
The number of units (persons, animals, patients, specified circumstances, etc.) in a population to be studied. The sample size should be big enough to have a high likelihood of detecting a true difference between two groups. (From Wassertheil-Smoller, Biostatistics and Epidemiology, 1990, p95)
The process by which decisions are made in an institution or other organization.
Animals and plants which have, as their normal mode of reproduction, both male and female sex organs in the same individual.
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.
The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.
The selection or choice of sexual partner in animals. Often this reproductive preference is based on traits in the potential mate, such as coloration, size, or behavioral boldness. If the chosen ones are genetically different from the rejected ones, then NATURAL SELECTION is occurring.
The transference of a kidney from one human or animal to another.
A dead body, usually a human body.
The physical measurements of a body.
In gonochoristic organisms, congenital conditions in which development of chromosomal, gonadal, or anatomical sex is atypical. Effects from exposure to abnormal levels of GONADAL HORMONES in the maternal environment, or disruption of the function of those hormones by ENDOCRINE DISRUPTORS are included.
A system of medical care regulated, controlled and financed by the government, in which the government assumes responsibility for the health needs of the population.
A technique of operations research for solving certain kinds of problems involving many variables where a best value or set of best values is to be found. It is most likely to be feasible when the quantity to be optimized, sometimes called the objective function, can be stated as a mathematical expression in terms of the various activities within the system, and when this expression is simply proportional to the measure of the activities, i.e., is linear, and when all the restrictions are also linear. It is different from computer programming, although problems using linear programming techniques may be programmed on a computer.
The transference of either one or both of the lungs from one human or animal to another.
The absence of certain expected and acceptable cultural phenomena in the environment which results in the failure of the individual to communicate and respond in the most appropriate manner within the context of society. Language acquisition and language use are commonly used in assessing this concept.
Severe inability of the LIVER to perform its normal metabolic functions, as evidenced by severe JAUNDICE and abnormal serum levels of AMMONIA; BILIRUBIN; ALKALINE PHOSPHATASE; ASPARTATE AMINOTRANSFERASE; LACTATE DEHYDROGENASES; and albumin/globulin ratio. (Blakiston's Gould Medical Dictionary, 4th ed)
The act of making a selection among two or more alternatives, usually after a period of deliberation.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
The process of laying or shedding fully developed eggs (OVA) from the female body. The term is usually used for certain INSECTS or FISHES with an organ called ovipositor where eggs are stored or deposited before expulsion from the body.
Plant tissue that carries nutrients, especially sucrose, by turgor pressure. Movement is bidirectional, in contrast to XYLEM where it is only upward. Phloem originates and grows outwards from meristematic cells (MERISTEM) in the vascular cambium. P-proteins, a type of LECTINS, are characteristically found in phloem.
The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.
A plant family of the order Ebenales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida.
The capacity of an organization, institution, or business to produce desired results with a minimum expenditure of energy, time, money, personnel, materiel, etc.
The reproductive organs of plants.
A plant genus of the family HAMAMELIDACEAE. The sap is a source of storax, which should not be confused with the similar named STYRAX genus.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The time from the onset of a stimulus until a response is observed.
Precise and detailed plans for the study of a medical or biomedical problem and/or plans for a regimen of therapy.
The application of mathematical formulas and statistical techniques to the testing and quantifying of economic theories and the solution of economic problems.
The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.
Planning for needed health and/or welfare services and facilities.
Temporary visual deficit or impaired visual processing occurring in a rapid serial visual presentation task. After a person identifies the first of two visual targets, the ability to detect the second target is impaired for the next few hundred milliseconds. This phenomenon is called attentional blink.
Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.
The act of feeding on plants by animals.
A plant species of the family POLYGONACEAE. Itadori tea is prepared from the root of this genus.
A plant genus of the family FAGACEAE.
Areawide planning for hospitals or planning of a particular hospital unit on the basis of projected consumer need. This does not include hospital design and construction or architectural plans.
Any of numerous winged hymenopterous insects of social as well as solitary habits and having formidable stings.
A plant genus in the family PINACEAE, order Pinales, class Pinopsida, division Coniferophyta. They are evergreen trees mainly in temperate climates.
The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.
Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.
The actual costs of providing services related to the delivery of health care, including the costs of procedures, therapies, and medications. It is differentiated from HEALTH EXPENDITURES, which refers to the amount of money paid for the services, and from fees, which refers to the amount charged, regardless of cost.
The capacity to conceive or to induce conception. It may refer to either the male or female.

Analysis of gabapentin in serum and plasma by solid-phase extraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for therapeutic drug monitoring. (1/13054)

A simple method for the determination of gabapentin (Neurontin) is described. The method uses solid-phase extraction by disk column and derivatization followed by gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric analysis. The single-step derivatization with MTBSTFA produces a t-BDMS derivative of both the carboxylic and amine moieties of the molecule. Each step of the procedure was optimized to assure reliable performance of the method. The assay limit of detection was 0.1 microg/mL with a linear range from 1.0 to 35 microg/mL. Within-run (n = 3) and between-run (n = 40) coefficients of variation were less than 8.2 and 15.9%, respectively. The method has proven reliable in routine production for more than a year, producing clean chromatography with unique ion fragments, consistent ion mass ratios, and no interferences. Statistical analysis of the gabapentin concentrations measured in 1020 random specimens over a 2-month period showed a mean concentration of 6.07 microg/mL with a standard deviation of 5.28.  (+info)

Progesterone alters biliary flow dynamics. (2/13054)

OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that progesterone alters sphincter of Oddi and gallbladder function and, therefore, bile flow dynamics. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Although the effects of progesterone on the biliary tract have been implicated in the increased incidence of gallstones among women, the specific effects of prolonged elevation of progesterone levels, such as occurs with contraceptive progesterone implants and during pregnancy, on the sphincter of Oddi and biliary flow dynamics are still incompletely understood. METHODS: Adult female prairie dogs were randomly assigned to receive subcutaneous implants containing either progesterone or inactive pellet matrix only. Hepatic bile partitioning and gallbladder emptying were determined 14 days later using 99mTc-Mebrofenin cholescintigraphy. RESULTS: Significantly less hepatic bile partitioned into the gallbladder in progesterone-treated than in control animals. The gallbladder ejection fraction was significantly reduced from 73+/-6% in controls to 59+/-3% in the progesterone-treated animals. The rate of gallbladder emptying was significantly reduced from 3.6+/-0.3%/minute to 2.9+/-0.1%/minute. CONCLUSIONS: Progesterone administered as subcutaneous implants alters partitioning of hepatic bile between gallbladder and small intestine and, therefore, gallbladder filling. Progesterone also significantly impairs gallbladder emptying in response to cholecystokinin. The effects of progesterone on the sphincter of Oddi and the gallbladder may contribute to the greater prevalence of gallstones and biliary motility disorders among women.  (+info)

Protective effect of bactericidal/permeability-increasing protein (rBPI21) in baboon sepsis is related to its antibacterial, not antiendotoxin, properties. (3/13054)

OBJECTIVE AND SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: The recombinant fragment of bactericidal/permeability-increasing protein, rBPI21, has potent bactericidal activity against gram-negative bacteria as well as antiendotoxin (lipopolysaccharide [LPS]) action. On the basis of these activities, the authors sought to discover whether rBPI21 would be protective in baboons with live Escherichia coli-induced sepsis and whether the potential protective effects of rBPI21 (together with antibiotics) would be more closely related to its antibacterial or LPS-neutralizing effects. METHODS: In a prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled subchronic laboratory study, the efficacy of rBPI21 or placebo was studied over 72 hours in chronically instrumented male baboons infused with live E. coli under antibiotic therapy. RESULTS: Intravenous rBPI21 attenuated sepsis-related organ failure and increased survival significantly. Bacteremia was significantly reduced in the rBPI21 group at 2 hours after the start of the E. coli infusion, whereas circulating LPS was less affected. The in vivo formation of tumor necrosis factor was significantly suppressed by the rBPI21 treatment regimen. Microcirculation and organ function were improved. CONCLUSIONS: In baboon live E. coli sepsis, the salutary effect of rBPI21 results from a more prevalent antibacterial than antiendotoxin activity.  (+info)

Health at work in the general practice. (4/13054)

BACKGROUND: Poor mental health and high stress levels have been reported in staff working in general practice. Little is known about how practices are tackling these and other issues of health at work in the absence of an established occupational healthcare service. AIM: To establish the extent of knowledge and good practice of health at work policies for staff working in general practice. METHOD: Practice managers in 450 randomly selected general practices in England were interviewed by telephone, and the general practitioner (GP) with lead responsibility for workplace health in the same practice was surveyed by postal questionnaire. We surveyed the existence and implementation of practice policies, causes and effects of stress on practice staff, and agreement between practice managers and GPs on these issues. RESULTS: Seventy-one per cent of GPs and 76% of practice managers responded, with at least one reply from 408 (91%) practices and responses from both the practice manager and GPs from 252 (56%) practices. Seventy-nine per cent of practices had a policy on monitoring risks and hazards. The proportion of practices with other workplace health policies ranged from 21% (policy to minimize stress) to 91% (policy on staff smoking). There was a tendency for practices to have policies but not to implement them. The three causes of stress for practice staff most commonly cites by both GP and practice manager responders were 'patient demands', 'too much work', and 'patient abuse/aggression'. Sixty-five per cent of GPs felt that stress had caused mistakes in their practices. Although there was general agreement between the two groups, there was a considerable lack of agreement between responders working in the same practices. CONCLUSIONS: The study revealed substantial neglect of workplace health issues with many practices falling foul of health and safety legislation. This report should help general practices identify issues to tackle to improve their workplace health, and the Health at Work in the NHS project to focus on areas where their targeted help will be most worthwhile.  (+info)

Effect of meat (beef, chicken, and bacon) on rat colon carcinogenesis. (5/13054)

High intake of red meat or processed meat is associated with increased risk of colon cancer. In contrast, consumption of white meat (chicken) is not associated with risk and might even reduce the occurrence of colorectal cancer. We speculated that a diet containing beef or bacon would increase and a diet containing chicken would decrease colon carcinogenesis in rats. One hundred female Fischer 344 rats were given a single injection of azoxymethane (20 mg/kg i.p.), then randomized to 10 different AIN-76-based diets. Five diets were adjusted to 14% fat and 23% protein and five other diets to 28% fat and 40% protein. Fat and protein were supplied by 1) lard and casein, 2) olive oil and casein, 3) beef, 4) chicken with skin, and 5) bacon. Meat diets contained 30% or 60% freeze-dried fried meat. The diets were given ad libitum for 100 days, then colon tumor promotion was assessed by the multiplicity of aberrant crypt foci [number of crypts per aberrant crypt focus (ACF)]. The ACF multiplicity was nearly the same in all groups, except bacon-fed rats, with no effect of fat and protein level or source (p = 0.7 between 8 groups by analysis of variance). In contrast, compared with lard- and casein-fed controls, the ACF multiplicity was reduced by 12% in rats fed a diet with 30% bacon and by 20% in rats fed a diet with 60% bacon (p < 0.001). The water intake was higher in bacon-fed rats than in controls (p < 0.0001). The concentrations of iron and bile acids in fecal water and total fatty acids in feces changed with diet, but there was no correlation between these concentrations and the ACF multiplicity. Thus the hypothesis that colonic iron, bile acids, or total fatty acids can promote colon tumors is not supported by this study. The results suggest that, in rats, beef does not promote the growth of ACF and chicken does not protect against colon carcinogenesis. A bacon-based diet appears to protect against carcinogenesis, perhaps because bacon contains 5% NaCl and increased the rats' water intake.  (+info)

Gonadotropin-releasing hormone improves reproductive performance of dairy cows with slow involution of the reproductive tract. (6/13054)

Eighty multiparous Holstein cows were assigned randomly at calving to receive either 100 microg of GnRH or saline 13 or 14 d postpartum (PP). From 4 to 28 d PP the cows' reproductive organs were palpated weekly per rectum, and cows were subclassified within each group as undergoing slow (delayed) cervical and uterine involution (abnormal) or as normal cows. Last milk obtained after removing the milking machine was assayed for progesterone 3 times a week for 120 d PP. Fourteen of the 80 cows were removed from the experiment because of culling or various veterinary treatments of pathologic conditions that could confound analysis of the GnRH treatment effects. As expected, the treatment of normal cows with GnRH had no significant effects on the first estrus or the first estrous cycle PP, on services per conception, days open, or any other reproductive trait measured. However, in the abnormal group of cows receiving saline, first rebreeding after calving was delayed (81 vs. 67 d), fewer were pregnant by 105 d PP (23 vs. 64%), and number of days open was greater (121 vs. 87 d) compared with those receiving GnRH; all were significant (P<.05). Treated abnormal cows were equivalent to the control normal cows. Thus, GnRH given 13 to 14 d PP to cows characterized as undergoing slow involution of the reproductive system, but with no other clinical problems, seems to assist in promoting rapid normal reproductive function. Subsequent losses due to culling were greatly reduced.  (+info)

An estimation of the requirement for folic acid in gestating sows: the metabolic utilization of folates as a criterion of measurement. (7/13054)

Sows at their second parity were randomly distributed in five groups of seven animals each to determine the dietary concentration of folic acid that optimizes the metabolic utilization of the vitamin during gestation. The groups differed by dietary supplement of folic acid: 0, 5, 10, 15, or 20 ppm. Sows were fed 2.5 kg of diet each day. The response of serum folates and folate binding capacity to treatments and the excretion of urinary folates after an i.v. injection of folic acid were measured. The total daily excretion of urinary folates was corrected according to the response to one i.v. injection of saline on the day preceding the i.v. injection of folic acid. The decrease of total serum folates throughout gestation was less pronounced in the groups fed 15 and 20 ppm of dietary folic acid (supplement x period interaction, P<.06) than it was in the other three treatments. The proportion of i.v. folic acid not recovered in sow urine (injected - excreted) decreased as the amount of dietary folic acid increased to reach a minimum, which differed according to the period (supplement x period interaction, P<.02); it was 15 ppm during wk 1 of gestation and 10 ppm for the other periods studied. The unrecovered folates increased over a dietary concentration of 15 ppm. These minimum values correspond to the most appropriate feed concentration that covered the whole body utilization (tissue and cell metabolism, catabolism, and storage) of folates by the sows and could be interpreted as a reliable index of the requirement.  (+info)

Risk factors for lower airway bacterial colonization in chronic bronchitis. (8/13054)

The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and risk factors for lower airway bacterial colonization (LABC) in stable chronic bronchitis (CB). Forty-one outpatients with CB were enrolled in the study (age 63.8+/-9.1 yrs (mean+/-SD); forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1)/forced vital capacity (FVC) 62.8+/-11.2; current/former smokers 24/17). All patients had normal chest radiographs and an indication for performing fibreoptic bronchoscopy (pulmonary nodule, remote haemoptysis). The protected specimen brush (PSB) was used for bacterial sampling, and concentrations > or = 1,000 colony-forming units (cfu) x mL(-1) were considered positive for LABC. The repeatability of the procedure in CB was assessed in a random subsample of 18 subjects. A 72.2% quantitative agreement was found in the repeatability assessment of the PSB technique. Positive PSB cultures, obtained in 9 out of 41 (22%) patients, mainly yielded Haemophilus influenzae. The logistic regression model, used to determine which variables were related to colonization, showed that LABC was associated with current smoking (odds ratio (OR) 9.83, confidence interval (CI) 1.16-83.20) and low FVC (OR 0.73, CI 0.65-0.81). Age and FEV1 were not related to LABC. It was concluded that the prevalence of LABC in stable CB is high (22%), and current smoking is an important risk factor.  (+info)

Definition of random allocation in the Definitions.net dictionary. Meaning of random allocation. What does random allocation mean? Information and translations of random allocation in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web.
Oakley, A; Strange, V; Toroyan, T; Wiggins, M; Roberts, I; Stephenson, J; (2003) Using random allocation to evaluate social interventions: Three recent UK examples. Ann Am Acad Polit Soc Sci, 589. pp. 170-189. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0002716203254765 Full text not available from this repository ...
k2 wistar male pooled rat whole blood edta k2 wistar male pooled | order k2 wistar male pooled rat whole blood edta k2 wistar male pooled | How to use: k2 wis
Solved: I would like to have my SAS statement checked (mainly the random error). I have a randomized complete block design; lambs were separated by
hi guys, im searching for a source code(written in c) for bankers algorithm simulation with RANDOM ALLOCATION. does anybody of u know where can i find this(the program should be in c-language,..no...
The following examples demonstrate how you can use the ANOVA procedure to perform analyses of variance for a one-way layout and a randomized complete block design. ...
Lot Numbers: 3263B EXP 2/1/02, 3237B EXP 3/1/02, 3238B EXP 3/1/02, 3825A EXP 6/1/01, 3826A EXP 6/1/01, 3827A EXP 6/1/01, 3828A EXP 6/1/01, 3829A EXP 7/1/01, 4190A EXP 9/1/01, 4191A EXP 9/1/01, 4192A EXP 9/1/01, 8005A EXP 2/1/01, 8006A EXP 2/1/01, and 8014A EXP 3/1/01.. MANUFACTURER ...
The present study conducted to investigate the effect of energy sources and levels on performance and breast meat amino acids profile in Cobb 500 broiler chicks. A total of 600 1-day-old Cobb 500 broiler chicks with an average weight of 39 ± 0.50 g were randomly divided into five treatments. Each treatment was further divided into four replicates. Chicks were fed a basal diet based on corn and energy level was same as Cobb 500 manual as control group, the basal diet with 3% lesser energy than control (T1), the basal diet with 6% lesser energy than control (T2), the basal diet based on corn and fat level according to Cobb 500 instruction manual (T3), the basal diet based on corn and fat with 3% upper energy (T4) for 42 days. Results showed that the best and the worst performance were for T4 and T2, respectively. Also, feed intake of chicks increased significantly in T4. Body weight gain was also significantly higher in the treated group with the basal diet based on corn and fat with 3% upper energy (T4)
A total of 216 pigs (initially 11.7 Ib and 21 d of age) was used in a 35-,1 growth trial to determine the effect of dietary L-carnitine on growth performance and tissue accretion rates for the early-weaned pig when fed a ...
Mendelian randomization refers to the random allocation of alleles at the time of gamete formation. In observational epidemiology, this refers to the use of genetic variants to estimate a causal effect between a modifiable risk factor and an outcome of interest. In this review, we recall the principles of a
Methodology: Thirty-five male Sprague-Dawley rats (180-200 g) were randomly divided into seven groups of five rats each. GroupAwas the control group, animals in group B received 75mg/kg ofAlCl3,animals ingroup C received 75mg/kg ofAlCl3for 40 days followed by 75mg/kg of RibCys for 21 days, animals in group D received 150mg/kg of AlCl3, animals in group E received 150mg/kg of AlCl3 for 40 days followed by 75mg/kg of RibCys for 21 days, animals in group F received 300mg/kg of AlCl3 while animals in group G received 300mg/kg of AlCl3 for 40 days followed by 75mg/kg of RibCys for 21 days. The treated groups received varied doses ofAlCl3 for 40 days, while the administration of RibCys lasted for the following 3 weeks. BothAlCl3 and RibCys were administered orally ...
This package contains several utility functions related to incomplete block designs. The package contains function to generate efficient incomplete block designs with given numbers of treatments, blocks and block size. The package also contains function to generate an incomplete block design with specified concurrence matrix. There are functions to generate balanced treatment incomplete block designs and incomplete block designs for test versus control treatments comparisons with specified concurrence matrix. Package also allows performing analysis of variance of data and computing least square means of factors from experiments using a connected incomplete block design. Tests of hypothesis of treatment contrasts in incomplete block design set up is supported.. ...
Nonparametric procedures based on aligned method and placement for ordered alternatives in randomized block design - aligned method;nonparametric procedures;ordered alternatives;placement;randomized block design;
In a completely randomized design, 12 experimental units were used for first treatment, 15 for the second treatment, and 20 for the third treatment. Complete the following analysis of variance at 0.05 level of significant.
How to design, carry out, and analyze experiments. Randomized block designs, randomization, blocking, matching, analysis of variance and covariance, control of extraneous variables.. ...
Intestinal microbiota metabolism of choline and phosphatidylcholine produces trimethylamine (TMA), which is further metabolized to a proatherogenic species, trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO). We demonstrate here that metabolism by intestinal microbiota of dietary l-carnitine, a trimethylamine abundant in red meat, also producesTMAO and accelerates atherosclerosis in mice. Omnivorous human subjects produced more TMAO than did vegans or vegetarians following ingestion of l-carnitine through a microbiota-dependent mechanism. The presence of specific bacterial taxa in human feces was associated with both plasma TMAO concentration and dietary status. Plasma l-carnitine levels in subjects undergoing cardiac evaluation (n = 2,595) predicted increased risks for both prevalent cardiovascular disease (CVD) and incident major adverse cardiac events (myocardial infarction, stroke or death), but only among subjects with concurrently high TMAO levels. Chronic dietary l-carnitine supplementation in mice altered ...
This experiment evaluated the impacts of supplementing a yeast-derived product (Celmanax; Church & Dwight Co., Inc., Princeton, NJ, USA) on productive and health responses of beef steers, and was divided into a preconditioning (days 4 to 30) and feedlot receiving phase (days 31 to 69). In all, 84 Angus × Hereford steers were weaned on day 0 (BW=245±2 kg; age=186±2 days), and maintained in a single group from days 0 to 3. On day 4, steers were allocated according to weaning BW and age to a 21-pen drylot (4 steers/pen). Pens were randomly assigned to (n=7 pens/treatment): (1) no Celmanax supplementation during the study, (2) Celmanax supplementation (14 g/steer daily; as-fed) from days 14 to 69 or (3) Celmanax supplementation (14 g/steer daily; as-fed) from days 31 to 69. Steers had free-choice access to grass-alfalfa hay, and were also offered a corn-based concentrate beginning on day 14. Celmanax was mixed daily with the concentrate. On day 30, steers were road-transported for 1500 km (24 h). ...
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Two feeding trials with 138 crossbred pigs with an average initial weight of 129 pounds were conducted to determine the effects of limit feeding on average daily gain, feed efficiency and carcass measurements. Pigs were ...
We give a unified treatment of the limit, as the size tends to infinity, of random simply generated trees, including both the well-known result in the standard case of critical Galton-Watson trees and similar but less well-known results in the other cases (i.e., when no equivalent critical Galton-Watson tree exists). There is a well-defined limit in the form of an infinite random tree in all cases; for critical Galton-Watson trees this tree is locally finite but for the other cases the random limit has exactly one node of infinite degree. The random infinite limit tree can in all cases be constructed by a modified Galton-Watson process. In the standard case of a critical Galton-Watson tree, the limit tree has an infinite spine, where the offspring distribution is size-biased. In the other cases, the spine has finite length and ends with a vertex with infinite degree. A node of infinite degree in the limit corresponds to the existence of one node with very high degree in the finite random trees; in
1. State clearly the purpose of the study. 2. Explain why you have chosen a particular animal model and why the experiments could not be done using non-animal alternatives. 3. Think about the 3Rs in relation to your experiments. 4. Explicitly Identify your experimental unit. 5. Explain how you decided sample size (power analysis, resource equation or fixed by availability). 6. Explain how the experimental units were randomised to the treatment groups. 7. Use coded samples where possible to blind yourself (and others) to which treatment group a subject belongs. 8. Think about ways of reducing the variability to increase power e.g. optimum/non-stressful housing, freedom from disease. ...
The big difference between the statistics on this table and a normal ANOVA is the grouping of variance terms into a Whole-plot section for the HTC factors and a subplot section for ETC factors. However, for this design, there are no Whole-Plot terms selected. In other words, there are no terms consisting of just A, B, and C that are significant. There are terms involving A, B, and C, but they are always interacting with the frosting mixture and frosting amount (G) terms and are thus part of the subplot. Thats somewhat expected, because in a split-plot design, the subplot terms (and their interactions) have more power and can be detected more easily. In fact, these subplot interactions can often make up for a lack of power for the HTC factors.. Looking at the subplot as a whole, the model has a quite significant F value (p-value of ,0.0001). Most of the terms are also significant (at the 0.05 alpha level) or needed for hierarchy. For example, the insignificant term ABE is needed for the ...
Please help me solve this problem and explain how you get to the answer. Thank you. A local dealership currently has 36 used GM, Ford, and Toyota vehicles on the lot. The following data are available: - Twenty six vehicles are.
Apparently yeast washing/rinsing is beneficial but not in the way we thought. Pouring the liquid portion off and keeping ALL of the thick slurry is what we should be aiming for. With equal distribution of live yeast throughout the various layers, we are pouring off a great deal of live yeast by trying to keep…
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Quadratic Functions Worksheet - Quadratic Functions Worksheet , This assortment Of 171 Worksheets is Based On Quadratic Equation
The horses respiratory system is extremely delicate, once a horse has developed respiratory disease there is no U turn. If the horse is specifically kept for competition, fast or hard work this can have a detrimental effect on performance and will often inhibit the horse from fulfilling its true potential ...
Degenerate quadratically-constrained quadratic programs and l sub p-constrained l sub p-approximation problems are defined and investigates within the framework of extended geometric programming. (Author)(*QUADRATIC PROGRAMMING
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Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of Effects of serum albumin and glycated albumin levels on performance of the Japanese GFR equation based on serum cystatin C. Together they form a unique fingerprint. ...
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Purpose: Sevoflurane postconditioning (SpostC) provides been shown to safeguard the center from ischemia-reperfusion (We/R) damage. anesthetic gas monitor (Datex Capnomac Ultima Department of Instrumentarium Corp Helsinki Finland). The respiratory rate was adjusted to maintain partial pressure of carbon dioxide within physiologic limits (end-tidal carbon dioxide 35 mmHg). After exposure of the heart a 6.0 silk ligation suture was looped round the LAD for subsequent occlusion. The ligature success of the LAD was judged by a color switch at the area at risk (AAR) which was further confirmed by a QRS wave switch during electrocardiography (ECG). Ultrastructure examination Thirty minutes after reperfusion the rat hearts were removed. Two samples of new myocardial tissue (approximately 1 mm3 in size) were obtained 3 mm above the apex from your AAR of the left ventricle (LV). The tissues were fixed with 5% glutaraldehyde overnight at 4 °C washed 3 times with phosphate-buffered saline and fixed again ...
Thirty-two Sprague-Dawley male rats at the age of eight weeks with a mean weight of 275±35 g were included in the study. Subjects were divided into four groups with eight rats in each group: group 1: controls (C), group 2: radiation-only (RT), group 3: radiation plus royal jelly 50 mg/kg (RT+RJ50) and group 4: royal jelly 50 mg/kg-only (RJ50). Radiotherapy was applied to the head and neck area by single fraction at a dose of 22 Gy. The royal jelly was given once daily for seven days. The subjects were sacrificed on the seventh day of the study. Trace elements in blood samples were measured using ICP/MS method ...
THE POTENTIAL INHIBITORY EFFECTS OF THE COMMERCIAL DIETS ON PROTEASE ACTIVITIES OF Dentex dentex LARVAE AND LIVE FOODS, Mehmet NAZ
17-year-old Samantha Eugenie achieves a new 215kg/474lb deadlift personal record in training which is more than 3x her own bodyweight of 63 kg or 138 lbs.
Menu location: Analysis_Randomization_Blocks. This function randomizes n individuals into k treatments, in blocks of size m.. Randomization reduces opportunities for bias and confounding in experimental designs, and leads to treatment groups which are random samples of the population sampled, thus helping to meet assumptions of subsequent statistical analysis (Bland, 2000).. Random allocation can be made in blocks in order to keep the sizes of treatment groups similar. In order to do this you must specify a sample size that is divisible by the block size you choose. In turn you must choose a block size that is divisible by the number of treatment groups you specify.. An advantage of small block sizes is that treatment group sizes are very similar. A disadvantage of small block sizes is that it is possible to guess some allocations, thus reducing blinding in the trial. An alternative to using large block sizes is to use random sequences of block sizes, which can be done in StatsDirect by ...
S9 did not influence the MIT metabolism as the cells number were within the similar range as cells in white rabbit kratom effects negative control groups or positive control group and the RSG values were high and not much different with other groups. Interestingly in the absence of S9 MIT showed dose-dependant Kratom Withdrawal Chest […]. ...
H&E and PAS staining of a normal fundus.H&E (A) and PAS staining (B) of a normal fundus of an animal from the negative control group (original magnifica
A maximum of 56 healthy adult (male and female) subjects will participate in this study, in two stages. In Stage 1, the Single-Ascending Dose (SAD) phase of the study will have up to six cohorts with 4 subjects (3 receiving TKM-100201 and 1 receiving saline placebo) in each cohort. Additional cohorts may be enrolled if a maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is not established after the initial six cohorts. In Stage 2, the Multiple-Ascending Dose (MAD) portion of the study will have up to three cohorts with four subjects (3 receiving TKM-100201 and 1 receiving saline placebo) in each cohort. Additional cohorts may be enrolled if a maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is not established after the initial three cohorts ...
A maximum of 56 healthy adult (male and female) subjects will participate in this study, in two stages. In Stage 1, the Single-Ascending Dose (SAD) phase of the study will have up to six cohorts with 4 subjects (3 receiving TKM-100201 and 1 receiving saline placebo) in each cohort. Additional cohorts may be enrolled if a maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is not established after the initial six cohorts. In Stage 2, the Multiple-Ascending Dose (MAD) portion of the study will have up to three cohorts with four subjects (3 receiving TKM-100201 and 1 receiving saline placebo) in each cohort. Additional cohorts may be enrolled if a maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is not established after the initial three cohorts ...
Example #3:. CTA/FA creates a DAY order to buy 50 Sept 2016 XYZ future contracts and specifies XYZ commodities as the predefined allocation profile. Upon transmission at 11 am (ET) the order begins to be executed2 but in very small portions and over a very long period of time. At 12 pm (ET) the order is canceled prior to being executed in full. As a result, only a portion of the order is filled (i.e., 3 of the 50 contracts are filled or 6%). Normally the system initially allocates by rounding fractional amounts down to whole numbers, however for a fill size of less than 4 shares/contracts, IB first allocates based on the following random allocation methodology.. In this case, since the fill size is 3, we skip the rounding fractional amounts down.. For the first share/contract, all A, B and C have the same initial fill ratio and fill quantity, so we randomly pick an account and allocate this share/contract. The system randomly chose account A for allocation of the first share/contract.. To ...
Dear FOI,. This information was useful, but not exactly what I asked for. I also want to know those that were rejected from their first or second-choice college and subsequently pooled. For example, for Christs College there were 147 accepted as 1st choice, 72 accepted as 2nd choice, and those accepted through allocation, but no information on those NOT accepted by the college. Would you be able to provide this in the same format? For example, a column for rejected as 1st or 2nd choice, pooled for random allocation. Yours sincerely,. Chris James. ...
Take the B D current of good medium force and give general tonic treatment (see page 95) on alternate days ten minutes passing briefly over the several parts.
At Spark Health, we tailor our supplement treatments specifically to a patients needs based on their symptoms and labs results. There is no generic or one-size-fits-all plan. This is why we strive to address and understand each patients individual picture of health to help treat.... ...
Free articles on all aspects of Mathematica. For users at all levels of proficiency to use Mathematica more effectively. News about products and events.
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Vol 9: Observation of linear and quadratic magnetic field-dependence of magneto-photocurrents in InAs-GaSb superlattice.. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
On Fri, Mar 04, 2016 at 10:20:16AM +0100, Janusz Dziedzic wrote: , Allow to use CTRL UDP connections for tests purpose. , This part seems to be stable now. Thanks, applied patches 1-9, 11-14, 16, 18-19, 22-25. Waiting for more information on the other patches (i.e., send again once the open items have been resolved). -- Jouni Malinen PGP id EFC895FA ...
This is a Startup entry, not a running process - although it may be visible in Task Manager (CTRL+ALT+DEL) if it continues running after startup. Before ending a process via CTRL+ALT+DEL just because it is listed as an X, please check whether its actually set to start using MSCONFIG or another tool ...
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Lotteries were fast, but clearly a random allocation of licenses left much to be desired in terms of efficiency. Neither of ... Budish, E.; Che, Y.-K.; Kojima, F.; Milgrom, Paul (2013). "Designing Random Allocation Mechanisms: Theory and Applications". ... Auctions offered great potential in terms of obtaining an efficient allocation of licenses and also capturing some of the value ... His work on auctions with Robert Weber introduced the concept of affiliation of random variables, to indicate systems of ...
... both with random allocation and with partially random allocation. Dynamic resource allocation: consider a set of n identical ... n log ⁡ n {\displaystyle m>n\log n} , the random allocation process gives only the maximum load of m n + O ( log ⁡ log ⁡ n ) {\ ... A powerful balls-into-bins paradigm is the "power of two random choices" where each ball chooses two (or more) random bins and ... Kolchin, Valentin F. (1978). Random allocations. Washington: Winston [usw.] ISBN 978-0470993941. Kotz, Samuel; Johnson, Norman ...
Checking whether a given random allocation can be implemented by a lottery over EF1 and PO allocations is NP-hard. Babaioff, ... Budish, Eric; Che, Yeon-Koo; Kojima, Fuhito; Milgrom, Paul (2013-04-01). "Designing Random Allocation Mechanisms: Theory and ... The page on fair random assignment compares PS to other procedures for solving the same problem, such as the random priority ... This is the only allocation rule that achieves all these properties. It cannot be decomposed into EF1 allocations. These ...
One such application is for the problem of fair random assignment: given a randomized allocation of items, Birkhoff's algorithm ... Budish, Eric; Che, Yeon-Koo; Kojima, Fuhito; Milgrom, Paul (2013-04-01). "Designing Random Allocation Mechanisms: Theory and ... To attain fairness, the allocation is randomized: for each (person,object) pair, a probability is calculated, such that the sum ... Ye, Felix X.-F.; Wang, Yue; Qian, Hong (2016). "Stochastic dynamics: Markov chains and random transformations". Discrete and ...
Budish, Eric; Che, Yeon-Koo; Kojima, Fuhito; Milgrom, Paul (2013). "Designing Random Allocation Mechanisms: Theory and ... Che, Yeon-Koo; Kojima, Fuhito (2010). "Asymptotic equivalence of probabilistic serial and random priority mechanisms" (PDF). ...
Some surplus allocation methods select a random vote sample. Sometimes, ballots of one elected candidate are manually mixed. In ... For example, a prior winner X could receive 20 transfers from second round winner Y. Then select 20 at random from the 220 for ... Reallocation ballots are drawn at random from all of the candidate's votes. This method is more likely than Hare to be ... Reallocation ballots are drawn at random from those transferred. In a manual count of paper ballots, this is the easiest method ...
Pupil allocation to houses is random, but siblings generally follow through the same House. When there was a boarding house, ...
Biased Random Sampling bases its job allocation on the network represented by a directed graph. For each execution node in this ... In-degree will decrease during job execution while out-degree will increase after job allocation. Active Clustering is a self- ... "Active Clustering and Random Sampling Walk predictably perform better as the number of processing nodes is increased" while ...
Her dissertation, supervised by Michael B. Woodroofe, was Two Treatment Comparison with Random Allocation Rule. Heckman's ...
They call the random variable a sunspot and the resulting allocation is a 'sunspot equilibrium'. Much work on sunspot ... In economics, the term sunspots (or sometimes "a sunspot") refers to an extrinsic random variable, that is, a random variable ... In other words, the outcome depends on an "extrinsic" random variable, meaning a random influence that matters only because ... David Cass and Karl Shell coined the term sunspots as a suggestive and less technical way of saying "extrinsic random variable ...
Future kernel_map (and submap) allocations are pushed forward by a random amount. The allocation is silently removed after the ... A random 9-bit value is generated right after kmem_init() which establishes kernel_map, is multiplied by the page size. The ... A hardware random number generator is also included as a part of this coprocessor. Each device's Secure Enclave has a unique ID ... The kernel image base is randomized by the boot loader (iBoot). This is done by creating random data, doing a SHA-1 hash of it ...
A true experiment with random allocation of subjects to conditions allows researchers to make strong inferences about causal ... Quasi-experimental design refers especially to situations precluding random assignment to different conditions. Researchers can ... probability of being explained by random variation. Statistical surveys are used in psychology for measuring attitudes and ... techniques are used to distinguish unique results of the experiment from the null hypothesis that variations result from random ...
A/B testing Allocation concealment Random assignment Randomized block design Randomized controlled trial Schulz KF, Altman DG, ... Trudy Dehue (December 1997). "Deception, Efficiency, and Random Groups: Psychology and the Gradual Origination of the Random ...
Glynn RJ, Ridker PM, Goldhaber SZ, Zee RY, Buring JE (September 2007). "Effects of random allocation to vitamin E ...
Entry into the race can also be obtained through a random allocation lottery or through the Ironman's charitable eBay auction. ...
... a random ballot will occur to determine ticket allocation. 27 August 2010 20:45 CEST Stade Louis II, Monaco Attendance: 17,265 ...
Random Projections and Latent Dirichlet Allocation. Weka. Weka is a popular data mining package for Java including WordVectors ... Generalized vector space model Latent semantic analysis Term Rocchio Classification Random indexing The following software ...
Entry into the championship race could also be obtained through a random allocation lottery or through the Ironman's charitable ...
Kappa's baseline agreement is the agreement that would be expected due to random allocation, given the quantities specified by ... Thus, Kappa = 0 when the observed allocation is apparently random, regardless of the quantity disagreement as constrained by ... The disagreement is due to allocation because quantities are identical. Kappa is -0.07. Here, reporting quantity and allocation ... So the expected probability that both would say yes at random is: p Yes = a + b a + b + c + d ⋅ a + c a + b + c + d = 0.5 × 0.6 ...
... but with an additional preliminary random allocation procedure executed by a computer. For instance, assume for year 2009 the ... An open computer allocation carried out by the Student Recruitment Committee Office of Nanjing will be needed if the number of ... In early September, a group of random students are selected for voting administrations. For the whole 3rd week of September, ...
First is choosing a randomization procedure to generate an unpredictable sequence of allocations; this may be a simple random ... Allocation concealment[edit]. Main article: Allocation concealment. "Allocation concealment" (defined as "the procedure for ... A special case of permuted-block randomization is random allocation, in which the entire sample is treated as one block.[45] ... a block size of 6 and an allocation ratio of 2:1 would lead to random assignment of 4 subjects to one group and 2 to the other ...
... most commonly used in project management for time allocation and to analyse random variables. Critical path drag is a project ...
This same article goes on to point out the varying degree of assistance from state-to-state creates a random allocation of ... This inequitable allocation leads to the successful integration of some refugees while others are left behind. The purpose of ...
... with siblings also falling prey to the random house allocation. Once drafted, each student remains with the house throughout ...
They were renumbered from the LNWR's random allocation based on vacant numbers, to a solid block sequence 7550-7841, and given ...
Entry into the championship race could also be obtained through a random allocation lottery, through Ironman's Legacy program, ...
The risks associated with random allocation (such as having a serious imbalance in a key characteristic between a treatment ... Random assignment is the process of assigning individuals at random to groups or to different groups in an experiment, so that ... Trudy Dehue (December 1997). "Deception, Efficiency, and Random Groups: Psychology and the Gradual Origination of the Random ... The random assignment of individuals to groups (or conditions within a group) distinguishes a rigorous, "true" experiment from ...
... in the same context in which arguments for the random allocation of treatments to study items are made. Here the experimenter ... By standardizing, we get a random variable: Z. =. X. ¯. −. μ. σ. /. n. =. X. ¯. −. μ. 0.5. {\displaystyle Z={\frac {{\bar {X ... Consider an additional random variable Y which may or may not be statistically dependent on the random sample X. Then (u(X), v( ... determined by the pair of random variables u(X) and v(X), with the property: Pr. θ. ,. φ. (. u. (. X. ). ,. θ. ,. v. (. X. ). ) ...
Dynamic Storage Allocation 2.6. History and Bibliography Chapter 3 - Random Numbers 3.1. Introduction 3.2. Generating Uniform ... Other Types of Random Quantities 3.4.1. Numerical Distributions 3.4.2. Random Sampling and Shuffling 3.5. What Is a Random ... Linear Lists 2.2.1. Stacks, Queues, and Deques 2.2.2. Sequential Allocation 2.2.3. Linked Allocation 2.2.4. Circular Lists 2.2. ... Graph algorithms 7.4.1. Components and traversal 7.4.2. Special classes of graphs 7.4.3. Expander graphs 7.4.4. Random graphs ...
Provided care is taken to achieve reasonable balance in the random allocation of communities, towns or districts to the waves, ...
... which postulates that the formation of axons and dendrites effectively minimizes resource allocation while maintaining maximal ...
Allogeneic HSCT involves two people: the (healthy) donor and the (patient) recipient. Allogeneic HSC donors must have a tissue (HLA) type that matches the recipient. Matching is performed on the basis of variability at three or more loci of the HLA gene, and a perfect match at these loci is preferred. Even if there is a good match at these critical alleles, the recipient will require immunosuppressive medications to mitigate graft-versus-host disease. Allogeneic transplant donors may be related (usually a closely HLA matched sibling), syngeneic (a monozygotic or 'identical' twin of the patient - necessarily extremely rare since few patients have an identical twin, but offering a source of perfectly HLA matched stem cells) or unrelated (donor who is not related and found to have very close degree of HLA matching). Unrelated donors may be found through a registry of bone marrow donors such as the National Marrow Donor Program. People who would like to be tested for a specific family member or ...
Under the previous US Emergency Petroleum Allocation Act of 1973, WTI crude oil traded under a variety of spot prices split ...
He also indicated that the phase of the battle has an important bearing on the ideal allocation of one's energies. ...
... allocation of resources, mitigation of stigma associated with HIV/AIDS and an all-inclusive approach for target group ...
Nasuto, S.J. & Bishop, J.M., (2008), Stabilizing swarm intelligence search via positive feedback resource allocation, In: ... A swarm is modelled in SPP by a collection of particles that move with a constant speed but respond to a random perturbation by ... and to a certain degree random, interactions between such agents lead to the emergence of "intelligent" global behavior, ...
According to various random and anonymous surveys of members of the American Economic Association, economists have agreement ... Theory and observation set out the conditions such that market prices of outputs and productive inputs select an allocation of ... Mill pointed to a distinct difference between the market's two roles: allocation of resources and distribution of income. The ... Welfare economics uses microeconomics techniques to evaluate well-being from allocation of productive factors as to ...
A hand transplant was performed in Ecuador in 1964, but the patient suffered from transplant rejection after only two weeks due to the primitive nature of the immune-suppressing medications at that time. The first short-term success in human hand transplant occurred with New Zealander Clint Hallam who had lost his hand in an accident while in prison. The operation was performed on September 23, 1998 in Lyon, France by a team assembled from different countries around the world led by French Professor Jean-Michel Dubernard, including Prof Nadey Hakim, who represented the UK. A microsurgeon on the team, Earl Owen from Australia, was privy to the detailed basic research, much of it unpublished, that had been carefully gathered by the team[who?] in Louisville. After the operation, Hallam wasn't comfortable with the idea of his transplanted hand and failed to follow the prescribed post-operative drug and physiotherapy regime. His inaccurate expectations became a vivid example of the necessity of a ...
Since the Rio Earth Summitt in 1992, individual youth have been participating in international negotiations related to different environmental and sustainable development issues. With the formation of the European Youth Forum in 1996, and the U.S. youth organization SustainUS in 2001, youth-run organizations began to send delegations of youth to actively participation in these various worldwide negotiations, principally through the United Nations. Individual youth had been participating in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, and with the new level of youth organization participation in international negotiations, youth organizations began to identify the UN climate negotiations as a new forum to increase youth participation in. From November 28 to December 9, 2005, the United Nations (UN) Climate Change Convention (COP 11 or COP/MOP 1) took place at the Palais des congrès de Montréal in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Youth delegations from member nations, including the United ...
Sonerud, G; Steen, R; Low, L; Roed, L.; Skar, K.; Selas, V; Slagsvold, T (2013). "Size-biased allocation of prey from male to ...
"Random House Unabridged Dictionary. 2006.. *^ Non-Profit Action description of "Lobbying Versus Advocacy: Legal Definitions" ... bias in the allocation of advertising spending during Berlusconi's political tenure, in particular for companies operating in ...
A biofuel is a fuel that is produced through contemporary biological processes, such as agriculture and anaerobic digestion, rather than a fuel produced by geological processes such as those involved in the formation of fossil fuels, such as coal and petroleum, from prehistoric biological matter. Biofuels can be derived directly from plants (i.e. energy crops), or indirectly from agricultural, commercial, domestic, and/or industrial wastes.[1] Renewable biofuels generally involve contemporary carbon fixation, such as those that occur in plants or microalgae through the process of photosynthesis. Other renewable biofuels are made through the use or conversion of biomass (referring to recently living organisms, most often referring to plants or plant-derived materials). This biomass can be converted to convenient energy-containing substances in three different ways: thermal conversion, chemical conversion, and biochemical conversion. This biomass conversion can result in fuel in solid, liquid, or ...
Liverpool - Wondrous Place: From the Cavern to the Capital of Culture, Paul Du Noyer Random House, 2012, p. 180 ... Lord Taylor regarded spectator allocation as irrelevant to the disaster. "I do not consider choice of ends was causative of the ... "A random sample of letters from public, schools and clubs reflecting the nature of donations to the disaster appeal fund". ... Pies and Prejudice: In Search of the North, Stuart Maconie, Random House, 2008, p. 67 ...
The principal adviser to the Secretary and Deputy Secretary on matters relating to the allocation and use of Department's ...
They chose to stop when the values were equal as no matter which random result they received, their expectations would be ... The effect of losses on the allocation of attention according to the loss attention account. ... An experiment was conducted to address this by having the clearing prices selected at random. Buyers who indicated a ... "the allocation of resources will be independent of the assignment of property rights when costless trades are possible" (p. ...
... and to be consulted by the Prime Minister on the allocation of their portfolios. ...
Among the conclusions reached, the most significant was a new assessment of the link between the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere and the increase in global temperature levels. Some researchers have argued that the most serious consequences of global warming might be avoided if global average temperatures rose by no more than 2 °C (3.6 °F) above pre-industrial levels (1.4 °C above present levels). It had generally been assumed that this would occur if greenhouse gas concentrations rose above 550 ppm carbon dioxide equivalent by volume. This concentration was, for example, informing government in certain countries, including the European Union.[5] The conference concluded that, at the level of 550 ppm, it was likely that 2 °C would be exceeded, according to the projections of more recent climate models. Stabilising greenhouse gas concentrations at 450 ppm would only result in a 50% likelihood of limiting global warming to 2 °C, and that it would be necessary to achieve ...
in French) http://www.pole-emploi.fr/candidat/le-montant-de-votre-allocation[email protected]/suarticle.jspz?id=4125 ...
... of increase each school district receives is determined by the Governor and the Secretary of Education through the allocation ...
... especially preserving and restoring instream water allocations.[19] Fresh water is an important natural resource necessary for ...
... as the latter can have memory allocation determined at compile time, while allocation of the return values of factories must be ... If a constructor can be passed as an argument to a function, then invocation of the constructor and allocation of the return ... notably if complex allocation or initialization is desired. Some of the processes required in the creation of an object include ... or by using other allocation schemes such as an object pool. A prototype object is concrete in that it is used to create ...
... enabling the allocation of resources in line with demand from business processes. This is achieved by using server ...
Its cultigenic origin may or may not be recognised by the allocation of a cultivar name.. *Plants of unknown origin ...
This can be expressed in evaluation of others, in allocation of resources, and in many other ways.[1][2] ...
Data is accessed in a random-access manner, meaning that individual blocks of data can be stored or retrieved in any order and ... Examples of data structures stored on disk to retrieve files include the File Allocation Table (FAT) in the DOS file system and ...
For example, TeX does all of its dynamic allocation itself from fixed-size arrays and uses only fixed-point arithmetic for its ...
Lewis has aided more than 250 Inland projects with allocations ranging from $81,000 to help move the Big Bear Zoo to nearly $ ...
... on the Functioning of the European Union which aims at enhancing the consumer's welfare and also the efficiency of allocation ...
Self-Organized Funding Allocation. *Industry funding of academic research. References[edit]. *^ OECD Science, Technology and ...
By careful allocation of the data to be transmitted to the transmitting antennas, multiple data streams can be transmitted ...
... for bankers algorithm simulation with RANDOM ALLOCATION. does anybody of u know where can i find this(the program should be in ... Source code for bankers algorithm with RANDOM ALLOCATION in C LANGUAGE.. hi guys,. im searching for a source code(written in c ... printf(Allocation:\n); print2d(Allocation);. printf(Need:\n); print2d(Need);. return safe(Finish,Available,Work. ,Allocatio ... for bankers algorithm simulation with RANDOM ALLOCATION. does anybody of u know where can i find this(the program should be in ...
IEEE Xplore, delivering full text access to the worlds highest quality technical literature in engineering and technology. | IEEE Xplore
Random Allocation Recurrence Vagotomy - methods Vagotomy, Proximal Gastric - methods PubMed ID. 7090398 View in PubMed ... Random Allocation Reproducibility of Results Research Support, Non-U.S. Govt Sequence Analysis, DNA Valine - genetics Abstract ... Random Allocation Research Support, Non-U.S. Govt Sex Factors Smoking Treatment Outcome Tuberculin - drug effects - physiology ... Random Allocation Research Support, Non-U.S. Govt Risk factors Snoring - epidemiology - etiology Sweden - epidemiology Weight ...
Random channel allocation scheme in HIPERLAN/2. PrintEmailTwitter Facebook LinkedIn ... A mobile terminal(MT), when it has messages to send in the uplink channel, may use contention slots, called random access ... In this paper, we propose a new RCH allocation scheme using the splitting algorithm, which dynamically adjusts the number of ... access delay and delay jitter compared with previously proposed RCH allocation schemes. ...
Cai H, Xia J, Xu D, Gao D, Yan Y. A generic minimization random allocation and blinding system on web. J Biomed Inform 2006 Dec ... Methods: We developed a Web-based random allocation system, MinimRan, that applies Pocock-Simon (for trials with 2 or more arms ... Kenjo Y, Antoku Y, Akazawa K, Hanada E, Kinukawa N, Nose Y. An easily customized, random allocation system using the ... Hagino A, Hamada C, Yoshimura I, Ohashi Y, Sakamoto J, Nakazato H. Statistical comparison of random allocation methods in ...
Effects of Random Allocation to Vitamin E Supplementation on the Occurrence of Venous Thromboembolism. Report From the Womens ... Effects of Random Allocation to Vitamin E Supplementation on the Occurrence of Venous Thromboembolism. Report From the Womens ... Effects of Random Allocation to Vitamin E Supplementation on the Occurrence of Venous Thromboembolism. Report From the Womens ... Effects of Random Allocation to Vitamin E Supplementation on the Occurrence of Venous Thromboembolism. Report From the Womens ...
Effects of random allocation to vitamin E supplementation on the occurrence of venous thromboembolism: report from the Womens ... Response to Letter Regarding Article, "Effects of Random Allocation to Vitamin E Supplementation on the Occurrence of Venous ... Response to Letter Regarding Article, "Effects of Random Allocation to Vitamin E Supplementation on the Occurrence of Venous ... Response to Letter Regarding Article, "Effects of Random Allocation to Vitamin E Supplementation on the Occurrence of Venous ...
Journal of Medical Internet Research - International Scientific Journal for Medical Research, Information and Communication on the Internet
I just finished reading the 2007 edition of A Random Walk Down Wall Street by Burton Malkiel. I had read the 1996 version, and ... Asset Allocation guidelines from Random Walk Down Wall St. I just finished reading the 2007 edition of A Random Walk Down Wall ... The overall asset allocations seem more or less the same except that Bond allocation is reduced by the amount recommended for ... International allocation is adjusted to include Emerging Markets.. There is less slice & dice advice in the stock allocation ...
Newest random-allocation questions feed Subscribe to RSS Newest random-allocation questions feed To subscribe to this RSS feed ... How to get a uniformly distributed portfolio allocation vector? [duplicate]. Imagine we have a portfolio allocation vector $(x_ ... Systematic allocation of treatment: is there a chance of biasing a design?. When we speak of the benefits of randomization, we ... Gibbs sampling allocations for time dependent observations from this model. I observe $N$ observations $\{x_{1,t_1}, \dots, x_{ ...
Results for Random Allocation. Publications & Outputs. *. Lixisenatide, a drug developed to treat type 2 diabetes, shows ...
Random allocation II Published November 26, 2009. * Endgames Headaches in children Published November 26, 2009 ...
Method of random allocation. Treatment was randomly allocated centrally with a computer based, stratified block randomisation ... A member of the study team, who was blinded to treatment allocation, obtained any data needed to confirm a clinical event from ... All outcomes were reviewed blind to treatment allocation. All cardiovascular and cancer outcomes and 10% of fractures were ... Within each stratum there was equal probability of allocation to any of the treatment arms. ...
Random beamforming using iterative power allocation with small feedback information and low latency. ... Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of Random beamforming using iterative power allocation with small feedback ...
Random allocation in the largest biology dictionary online. Free learning resources for students covering all major areas of ... random allocation. A process involving chance used in therapeutic trials or other research endeavor for allocating experimental ...
Having 75% allocation to equity and hoping 12% CAGR in 10 years seem good on paper but losing 20% of your hard earned money in ... Tactical Asset Allocation to Ride Volatility. March 15, 2020. March 15, 2020. Randomwalk ... Why Tactical Allocation work?. Lot of people believe in efficient market hypothesis,according to which you can not predict ... TAA(tactical asset allocation) is about dynamic portfolio management, and requires that you pay attention to what is happening ...
Random Allocation. The teacher is given 5 settings that determine how the random allocation will work. ... Remove current allocations: Checking this box means that any manual allocations that have been set in the Manual Allocation ... As with manual random allocation, you can specify the number of reviews, whether or not students need to have submitted ... Manual Allocation. Here,a teacher can manually choose which students review whose work. A student can review work even if they ...
Random Allocation Resource Information The concept Random Allocation represents the subject, aboutness, idea or notion of ... Random Allocation,/a,,/span, - ,span property=potentialAction typeOf=OrganizeAction,,span property=agent typeof= ... Random Allocation,/a,,/span, - ,span property=potentialAction typeOf=OrganizeAction,,span property=agent typeof= ... The Resource Random Allocation Label Random Allocation. Focus * Random Allocation 2 Items that share the Concept Random ...
Random allocation. The included teeth will be allocated in two parallels arms: Experimental group - HVGIC restoration, e ... After allocation and treatment in one of the groups, with mean of 1 month per participant, these will be followed up for 24 ... Allocation concealment mechanism. The generated sequence will be distributed in numbered sequentially opaque sealed envelopes, ... Nevertheless, to minimize this situation, the allocation of the treatments will be only performer after the selective caries ...
The CODES simulation framework builds upon the ROSS parallel discrete event simulation engine to provide high-performance simulation utilities and models for building scalable distributed systems simulations. http://www.mcs.anl.gov/research/projects/
Comparing random data allocation and data striping in multimedia servers Comparing random data allocation and data striping in ...
Book; Format: print ; Literary form: not fiction Publisher: Chichester ; New York : Wiley, c1992Availability: Items available for loan: WHO HQ [Call number: W 50 92CH] (1). ...
Random Assignment, Allocation, and Blinding. We used SAS (SAS Institute, Cary, North Carolina) to generate a single block of ... The randomized allocation key was not shared with investigators until after all data were collected, entered, and cleaned and ... Allocation concealment for the 2 blinded pill groups was accomplished by using identical coated tablets and plastic pill ... For the two thirds of the sample who would see a clinician, a second, smaller envelope that directed allocation to a standard ...
Random allocation of subjects[edit]. Hopkins WG (2010) Assigning Subjects to Groups in a Controlled Trial. Sportscience 14, 7- ... how random allocation to groups occurred, how participants and researchers were blinded to interventions... all those kinds of ...
... this paper studies the redundancy allocation problems to a fuzzy random parallel-series system. Two fuzzy random redundancy ... this paper studies the redundancy allocation problems to a fuzzy random parallel-series system. Two fuzzy random redundancy ... this paper studies the redundancy allocation problems to a fuzzy random parallel-series system. Two fuzzy random redundancy ... this paper studies the redundancy allocation problems to a fuzzy random parallel-series system. Two fuzzy random redundancy ...
We changed our allocation methods to prevent vendors using unregistered mac addresses.. OUI costs 1650USD one time fee, but ...
So what led to the gradual move away from alternation to random allocation? The principal disadvantage of alternate allocation ... Medical historians have not given adequate attention to the use of unbiased treatment allocation before random allocation began ... The gradual move from alternation to random allocation. It is clear that, contrary to a common assumption (Chalmers 2010), ... This has led some of them to assume that random allocation to treatment comparison groups reflected the development of ...
Ryanair random seat allocation is not so random says Oxford University expert. 29th June 2017. Admin ... Ryanair random seat allocation is not so random says Oxford University expert. ... This is a highly controversial topic and my analysis cast doubt on whether Ryanairs seat allocation can be purely random. I am ... Passengers have more chance of winning the National Lottery jackpot than being allocated middle seats at random on a Ryanair ...
My Review of Random Allocation Software (RAS) You have not rated or reviewed this project.. Click below to rate/review. My ...
  • and the importance of concealing allocation schedules to prevent foreknowledge of allocations and biased inclusion or exclusion became recognised in the 1940s ( Chalmers 2010 ). (jameslindlibrary.org)
  • Asset Allocation guidelines from Random Walk Down Wall St. (early-retirement.org)
  • Another point that struck me is how everyone seems to be including REITs and Emerging markets into their asset allocation AFTER the run-up of the previous few years. (early-retirement.org)
  • Discuss successful investing strategies, asset allocation models, tax strategies and other related topics in our online forum community. (early-retirement.org)
  • I'm not qualified to comment on the asset allocation except in general terms. (early-retirement.org)
  • The primary benefit of using an asset allocation tactic is to reduce volatility in your portfolio, and reducing volatility can help reduce market risk. (randomdimes.com)
  • Asset allocation refers to how your investment are diversified among asset classes-not among individual stocks or industries, but among broad asset-class categories such as cash, stocks, bonds, alternatives and international funds. (randomdimes.com)
  • TAA(tactical asset allocation) is about dynamic portfolio management, and requires that you pay attention to what is happening so that you can change your asset allocation to take advantage of current conditions. (randomdimes.com)
  • Later, as valuations increase, you can shift your asset allocation, selling for profits since you bought while prices were low. (randomdimes.com)
  • The idea is to switch your asset allocation when conditions indicate that one asset might soon outperform another. (randomdimes.com)
  • Designing and managing asset allocation strategies based on factors is promoted in some corners as a better way to build portfolios. (capitalspectator.com)
  • Factor-based investing can play a productive role in enhancing a conventionally designed asset allocation, but it's debatable if a pure factor-only strategy is a true solution. (capitalspectator.com)
  • Minimization as an adaptive allocation technique has been recommended in the literature for use in randomized clinical trials. (jmir.org)
  • We developed a Web-based random allocation system, MinimRan, that applies Pocock-Simon (for trials with 2 or more arms) and 2-way (currently limited to 2-arm trials) minimization methods for trials using only categorical prognostic factors or the symmetric Kullback-Leibler divergence minimization method for trials (currently limited to 2-arm trials) using continuous prognostic factors with or without categorical factors, in covariate-adaptive biased-coin randomization. (jmir.org)
  • how to do re-randomization test for trials used adaptive minimization with unequal allocation? (stackexchange.com)
  • The advent of fair treatment allocation schedules in clinical trials during the 19th and early 20th centuries. (jameslindlibrary.org)
  • Randomization in randomized controlled trials involves more than generation of a random sequence by which to assign subjects. (nih.gov)
  • Authors of reports of randomized trials should provide enough details on how allocation concealment was achieved so the reader can determine the likelihood of success. (nih.gov)
  • Both allocation concealment and masking add to the elimination of bias in randomized controlled trials. (nih.gov)
  • Random allocation Pragmatic trials. (york.ac.uk)
  • As well as in another known, acceptable source, Wolfram Research, Inc quotes " 'law of large numbers' is one of several theorems expressing the idea that as the number of trials of a random process increases, the percentage difference between the expected and actual values goes to zero" (Renze, John and Weisstein, Eric W. "Law of. (ogmaexpo.com)
  • African HIV/AIDS trials are more likely to report adequate allocation concealment and random generation than North American trials. (ox.ac.uk)
  • The North American search yielded 13,158 records from which 785 trials were identified and a random sample of 114 selected for analysis. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Random allocation software has been produce to support the first type of randomization, i.e. block randomization. (informer.com)
  • The absence of adequate allocation concealment can lead to selection bias, one of the very problems that randomization was supposed to eliminate. (nih.gov)
  • Two fuzzy random redundancy allocation models (FR-RAM) are developed through reliability maximization and cost minimization, respectively. (elsevier.com)
  • We assessed adequacy of random generation, allocation concealment and masking of assessors. (ox.ac.uk)
  • The allocation will be concealed from both participants and assessors. (springer.com)
  • Based on the fuzzy random variables that are used to characterize the lifetimes, this paper studies the redundancy allocation problems to a fuzzy random parallel-series system. (elsevier.com)
  • Wang, S & Watada, J 2009, ' Modelling redundancy allocation for a fuzzy random parallel-series system ', Journal of Computational and Applied Mathematics , vol. 232, no. 2, pp. 539-557. (elsevier.com)
  • Other key variants of the paradigm are "parallel balls-into-bins" where the balls choose d {\displaystyle d} random bins in parallel, "weighted balls-into-bins" where balls have non-unit weights, and "balls-into-bins with deletions" where balls can be added as well as deleted. (wikipedia.org)
  • In this paper, we propose a new RCH allocation scheme using the splitting algorithm, which dynamically adjusts the number of RCHs according to the current traffic situation. (ubc.ca)
  • The simulation results show that our scheme performs well in terms of channel throughput, access delay and delay jitter compared with previously proposed RCH allocation schemes. (ubc.ca)
  • When the number of users is finite, the performance improvement of the orthogonal random beamforming (ORBF) scheme is limited in high signal-to-noise ratio regions. (koreascience.or.kr)
  • In this paper, to improve the performance of the ORBF scheme, the user set and transmit power allocation are jointly determined to maximize sum rate under the total transmit power constraint. (koreascience.or.kr)
  • While the proposed random forests scheme is robust against position inaccuracies and changes in the propagation scenario, we complement our scheme with three approaches that restore most of the original performance when facing random antenna orientations of the user terminal. (springeropen.com)
  • It creates and applies a sequence of allocation based on the selected type of blocking depending on the number of groups and samples sizes. (informer.com)
  • This software produces as its output a sequence of allocation based on the selected type of blocking. (informer.com)
  • A law of large numbers states that the average of the first n terms of a sequence of random variables is practically constant if n is large enough. (ogmaexpo.com)
  • The allocation sequence was blinded. (mja.com.au)
  • We expect the system to facilitate the translation of the 3 validated random allocation methods into broad, efficient clinical research practice. (jmir.org)
  • Based on this theoretical fact, they suggested to use it in practice for course allocation. (wikipedia.org)
  • The statement will ask you to report things like how participants were recruited, how random allocation to groups occurred, how participants and researchers were blinded to interventions. (wikiversity.org)
  • I emailed to IEEE and asked what was the motivation and perceived advantage in doing this change and reply was quite simply 'We changed our allocation methods to prevent vendors using unregistered mac addresses. (ip.fi)
  • Methods Twenty healthy male volunteers (mean age 34.7 y) were randomized (random allocation) to receive either 300 mg theophylline daily or placebo 5 days prior, during ascent, and during a stay at 4,559 m altitude. (wiley.com)
  • Keeping knowledge of subjects' assignment after allocation from subjects, investigators/health care providers, or those assessing outcomes is referred to as masking (also known as blinding). (nih.gov)
  • By defining ex post utilities as goals, we are able to improve the ex post properties of several classic assignment mechanisms, such as the random serial dictatorship. (stanford.edu)
  • In developing a framework for equitable allocation of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccine, the committee's deliberations were informed by practical lessons from previous efforts to allocate vaccines for 2009 H1N1 pandemic influenza and Ebola virus disease, as well as by the goals, ethical principles, and prioritization strategies set forth in other allocation frameworks-including several that have recently been developed to distribute scarce inpatient medications for COVID-19. (nap.edu)
  • Source code for banker's algorithm with RANDOM ALLOCATION in C LANGUAGE. (experts-exchange.com)
  • hi guys, im searching for a source code(written in c) for banker's algorithm simulation with RANDOM ALLOCATION. (experts-exchange.com)
  • Subsequently, we integrate the computation approaches of the reliability and genetic algorithm (GA) to search for the approximately optimal redundancy allocation of the models. (elsevier.com)
  • Last night, the BBC Consumer affairs programme, Watchdog, ran its own investigation to test how random the airline's seating algorithm is. (connectedoxford.com)
  • Economic theorists have proved that random serial dictatorship (RSD) is the only strategyproof mechanism that is ex-post Pareto-efficient and satisfies some other natural properties. (wikipedia.org)
  • Inclusion criterion was random allocation to at least two PDT techniques. (nih.gov)
  • For m=n, after a sufficiently long time, with high probability the maximum load is similar to the finite version, both with random allocation and with partially random allocation. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, coordination of spatially and temporally denser resources for larger sets of user population implies considerable resource allocation complexity and significant system signalling overhead when associated with channel state information (CSI)-based resource allocation (RA) schemes. (springeropen.com)
  • A random simulation method based on the derived analytical formula is proposed to compute the reliability with convex lifetimes. (elsevier.com)
  • As for the reliability with nonconvex lifetimes, the technique of fuzzy random simulation together with the discretization method of fuzzy random variable is employed to compute the reliability, and a convergence theorem of the fuzzy random simulation is proved. (elsevier.com)
  • Inappropriate allocation of state resources and weakness of local governments are part of the problem on the supply side [ 7 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In this paper we establish a strong law of large numbers for unbounded random sets, and then apply it to an optimization problem arising in allocation processes under by: Abstract. (ogmaexpo.com)
  • In fact, for half a century before the MRC trial and Fisher's writings, some medical practitioners wishing to evaluate the effects of treatments had used alternate allocation to assemble similar groups of patients, and so ensure that like would be compared with like. (jameslindlibrary.org)
  • I was having a discussion with a statistician who developed a simple software package to do participant group allocation using the minimisation technique. (stackexchange.com)
  • This should be done by random allocation, which ensures that each participant has an equal chance of being assigned to one group or the other. (simplypsychology.org)
  • So I went on to manually override the stack allocation in the .asm file and set the stack size to 8192 Bytes. (stackexchange.com)
  • We generalize the scope of random allocation mechanisms, in which the mechanism first identifies a feasible "expected allocation" and then implements it by randomizing over nearby feasible integer allocations. (stanford.edu)
  • To mitigate this unfairness, many institutions use more sophisticated allocation mechanisms. (wikipedia.org)
  • 9. The method of claim 3, wherein the random edit process comprises a module selected from the group of modules consisting of a masking module, a displacement in time module, a chaos engine module, an XOR module, an overwrite module, an expand module, a remove module, a control plane module, and an address plane module. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • A mobile terminal(MT), when it has messages to send in the uplink channel, may use contention slots, called random access channels (RCHs), to send the resource request messages. (ubc.ca)
  • In this paper, we propose a novel solution that utilizes random forests as supervised machine learning approach to determine the resource allocation in multi-antenna CRAN systems based primarily on the position information of user terminals. (springeropen.com)
  • Dynamic resource allocation: consider a set of n identical computers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fortunately, a plan of allocation concealment can always be incorporated into the design of a randomized trial. (nih.gov)
  • Random Allocation Software is a Windows software which install in the same way as ordinary windows software. (informer.com)
  • The probabilistic study of geometrical objects has motivated the formulation of a general theory of random sets. (ogmaexpo.com)
  • In a random-allocation, graded dose-response study, 180 healthy patients undergoing spinal anesthesia for elective cesarean delivery received a single bolus of norepinephrine in one of six different doses ranging from 4 to 12 µg or phenylephrine in one of six different doses ranging from 60 to 200 µg to treat the first episode of hypotension. (anesthesiaexperts.com)
  • patients and treating physicians were not masked to treatment allocation, but the study team was masked to the data analysis. (uptodate.com)
  • Results from a field study at Harvard show that students indeed manipulate their preferences, and this manipulation leads to allocations that are not Pareto efficient and have a low social welfare. (wikipedia.org)
  • Interrelationships among cardinalities of sets 5 Definition of probability 7 Law of Large Numbers and convergence in probability 63 From among the students gathered for a lecture on probability theory one is chosen at random. (ogmaexpo.com)
  • Central to the general theory of random sets are questions concerning the convergence for averages of random sets which are known as laws of large by: This chapter focuses on the sum of a random number of independent random variables. (ogmaexpo.com)
  • In contrast to allocation concealment, masking cannot always be incorporated into a randomized controlled trial. (nih.gov)
  • Due to subjective judgment, imprecise human knowledge and perception in capturing statistical data, the real data of lifetimes in many systems are both random and fuzzy in nature. (elsevier.com)
  • and integrating the validated source data with the memory cell locations using a random edit process that is a masking, a displacement-in-time, a chaos engine, an XOR, an overwrite, an expand, a remove, a control plane, or an address plane module. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • 2. The method of claim 1 of generating a one-way function and thereby producing a random-value stream further comprises the step of decoupling the random-value stream from the original memory cell locations and data values thereby producing a non-deterministic random-value stream. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • 3. The method of claim 2, wherein the step of decoupling the random-value stream from the original memory cell locations and data values comprises using a random edit process to provide decoupling. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • 5. The method of claim 4, wherein the additional quantity of random data includes compressed data. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • 8. The method of claim 4, wherein the step of integrating the validated source data with the plurality of memory cell locations further includes processing the validated source data with an edit stream using a random edit process. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • Continuous data were expressed as weighted mean differences and analyzed with a random-effects model. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Although the report of the streptomycin trial is rightly iconic, the attention it has attracted has led many historians to overlook earlier evidence relevant to the evolution of unbiased prospective allocation of patients to treatment comparison groups. (jameslindlibrary.org)
  • A mass vaccination campaign for an infectious disease outbreak is a complex enterprise that requires balancing different strategies for allocation, distribution, administration, access, monitoring, and other considerations. (nap.edu)
  • 7. The method of claim 4, wherein the step of removing suspected non-random portions further includes removing zero-value portions and file information. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • First, the transmit power allocation problem is expressed as a function of a given user set. (koreascience.or.kr)
  • The suboptimal procedure is also presented to reduce the computational complexity, which separates the user set selection procedure and transmit power allocation procedure. (koreascience.or.kr)
  • A powerful balls-into-bins paradigm is the "power of two random choices" where each ball chooses two (or more) random bins and is placed in the lesser-loaded bin. (wikipedia.org)
  • Random-effects models were used for both main effects and a sensitivity analysis. (bmj.com)
  • I enabled some part of the the code (based of functionality/module), the system resets when about 80% of functionality is included, but then it resets at random places. (stackexchange.com)
  • The concept Random Allocation represents the subject, aboutness, idea or notion of resources found in University of Missouri-St. Louis Libraries . (umsl.edu)
  • Passengers have more chance of winning the National Lottery jackpot than being allocated middle seats at random on a Ryanair flight, according to new Oxford University analysis. (connectedoxford.com)
  • Replicating state information for the port block allocation (PBA), endpoint-independent mapping (EIM), or endpoint-independent filters (EIF) features is not supported. (juniper.net)
  • Suppose again that \(X\) is a real-valued random variable for our basic experiment, with mean \(\mu. (ogmaexpo.com)