Examination of any part of the body for diagnostic purposes by means of X-RAYS or GAMMA RAYS, recording the image on a sensitized surface (such as photographic film).
X-ray visualization of the chest and organs of the thoracic cavity. It is not restricted to visualization of the lungs.
A rapid, low-dose, digital imaging system using a small intraoral sensor instead of radiographic film, an intensifying screen, and a charge-coupled device. It presents the possibility of reduced patient exposure and minimal distortion, although resolution and latitude are inferior to standard dental radiography. A receiver is placed in the mouth, routing signals to a computer which images the signals on a screen or in print. It includes digitizing from x-ray film or any other detector. (From MEDLINE abstracts; personal communication from Dr. Charles Berthold, NIDR)
Extraoral body-section radiography depicting an entire maxilla, or both maxilla and mandible, on a single film.
Technique involving the passage of X-rays through oral structures to create a film record while a central tab or wing of dental X-ray film is being held between upper and lower teeth.
Improvement in the quality of an x-ray image by use of an intensifying screen, tube, or filter and by optimum exposure techniques. Digital processing methods are often employed.
Radiographic visualization of the body between the thorax and the pelvis, i.e., within the peritoneal cavity.
Screens which absorb the energy in the x-ray beam that has penetrated the patient and convert this energy into a light pattern which has as nearly as possible the same information as the original x-ray beam. The more light a screen produces for a given input of x-radiation, the less x-ray exposure and thus shorter exposure time are needed to expose the film. In most film-screen systems, the film is sandwiched between two screens in a cassette so that the emulsion on each side is exposed to the light from its contiguous screen.
A film base coated with an emulsion designed for use with x-rays.
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
X-ray screening of large groups of persons for diseases of the lung and heart by means of radiography of the chest.
A method of producing a high-quality scan by digitizing and subtracting the images produced by high- and low-energy x-rays.
The articulation between a metacarpal bone and a phalanx.
Information systems, usually computer-assisted, designed to store, manipulate, and retrieve information for planning, organizing, directing, and controlling administrative activities associated with the provision and utilization of radiology services and facilities.
Roentgenography of a joint, usually after injection of either positive or negative contrast medium.
Hospital department which is responsible for the administration and provision of x-ray diagnostic and therapeutic services.
The amount of radiation energy that is deposited in a unit mass of material, such as tissues of plants or animal. In RADIOTHERAPY, radiation dosage is expressed in gray units (Gy). In RADIOLOGIC HEALTH, the dosage is expressed by the product of absorbed dose (Gy) and quality factor (a function of linear energy transfer), and is called radiation dose equivalent in sievert units (Sv).
Tomography using x-ray transmission.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Computed tomography modalities which use a cone or pyramid-shaped beam of radiation.
The largest and strongest bone of the FACE constituting the lower jaw. It supports the lower teeth.
Computer systems or networks designed to provide radiographic interpretive information.
The part of a tooth from the neck to the apex, embedded in the alveolar process and covered with cementum. A root may be single or divided into several branches, usually identified by their relative position, e.g., lingual root or buccal root. Single-rooted teeth include mandibular first and second premolars and the maxillary second premolar teeth. The maxillary first premolar has two roots in most cases. Maxillary molars have three roots. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p690)
Inanimate objects that become enclosed in the body.
The articulation between the head of one phalanx and the base of the one distal to it, in each finger.
The failure by the observer to measure or identify a phenomenon accurately, which results in an error. Sources for this may be due to the observer's missing an abnormality, or to faulty technique resulting in incorrect test measurement, or to misinterpretation of the data. Two varieties are inter-observer variation (the amount observers vary from one another when reporting on the same material) and intra-observer variation (the amount one observer varies between observations when reporting more than once on the same material).
Harm or hurt to the ankle or ankle joint usually inflicted by an external source.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
The application of scientific knowledge or technology to the field of radiology. The applications center mostly around x-ray or radioisotopes for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes but the technological applications of any radiation or radiologic procedure is within the scope of radiologic technology.
Use of optic and geometric techniques to enhance radiographic image quality and interpretation. It includes use of microfocal X-ray tubes and intensifying fluoroscopic screens.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
The eight bones of the wrist: SCAPHOID BONE; LUNATE BONE; TRIQUETRUM BONE; PISIFORM BONE; TRAPEZIUM BONE; TRAPEZOID BONE; CAPITATE BONE; and HAMATE BONE.
The use of a device composed of thermoluminescent material for measuring exposure to IONIZING RADIATION. The thermoluminescent material emits light when heated. The amount of light emitted is proportional to the amount of ionizing radiation to which the material has been exposed.
Fractures of the skull which may result from penetrating or nonpenetrating head injuries or rarely BONE DISEASES (see also FRACTURES, SPONTANEOUS). Skull fractures may be classified by location (e.g., SKULL FRACTURE, BASILAR), radiographic appearance (e.g., linear), or based upon cranial integrity (e.g., SKULL FRACTURE, DEPRESSED).
The joint that is formed by the distal end of the RADIUS, the articular disc of the distal radioulnar joint, and the proximal row of CARPAL BONES; (SCAPHOID BONE; LUNATE BONE; triquetral bone).
Injuries involving the vertebral column.
A specialty concerned with the use of x-ray and other forms of radiant energy in the diagnosis and treatment of disease.
Any visual display of structural or functional patterns of organs or tissues for diagnostic evaluation. It includes measuring physiologic and metabolic responses to physical and chemical stimuli, as well as ultramicroscopy.
Reference points located by visual inspection, palpation, or computer assistance, that are useful in localizing structures on or within the human body.
A single lung lesion that is characterized by a small round mass of tissue, usually less than 1 cm in diameter, and can be detected by chest radiography. A solitary pulmonary nodule can be associated with neoplasm, tuberculosis, cyst, or other anomalies in the lung, the CHEST WALL, or the PLEURA.
Systematic and thorough inspection of the patient for physical signs of disease or abnormality.
A diffuse parenchymal lung disease caused by inhalation of dust and by tissue reaction to their presence. These inorganic, organic, particulate, or vaporized matters usually are inhaled by workers in their occupational environment, leading to the various forms (ASBESTOSIS; BYSSINOSIS; and others). Similar air pollution can also have deleterious effects on the general population.
The longest and largest bone of the skeleton, it is situated between the hip and the knee.
General or unspecified injuries involving the foot.
VERTEBRAE in the region of the lower BACK below the THORACIC VERTEBRAE and above the SACRAL VERTEBRAE.
A synovial hinge connection formed between the bones of the FEMUR; TIBIA; and PATELLA.
The visualization of deep structures of the body by recording the reflections or echoes of ultrasonic pulses directed into the tissues. Use of ultrasound for imaging or diagnostic purposes employs frequencies ranging from 1.6 to 10 megahertz.
Devices capable of receiving data, retaining data for an indefinite or finite period of time, and supplying data upon demand.
A diffuse parenchymal lung disease caused by accumulation of inhaled CARBON or coal dust. The disease can progress from asymptomatic anthracosis to massive lung fibrosis. This lung lesion usually occurs in coal MINERS, but can be seen in urban dwellers and tobacco smokers.
Moving a patient into a specific position or POSTURE to facilitate examination, surgery, or for therapeutic purposes.
A gamma-emitting radionuclide imaging agent used primarily in skeletal scintigraphy. Because of its absorption by a variety of tumors, it is useful for the detection of neoplasms.
Combination or superimposition of two images for demonstrating differences between them (e.g., radiograph with contrast vs. one without, radionuclide images using different radionuclides, radiograph vs. radionuclide image) and in the preparation of audiovisual materials (e.g., offsetting identical images, coloring of vessels in angiograms).
Breaks in bones.
Diagnostic, therapeutic, and investigative procedures prescribed and performed by health professionals, the results of which do not justify the benefits or hazards and costs to the patient.
Migration of a foreign body from its original location to some other location in the body.
The first seven VERTEBRAE of the SPINAL COLUMN, which correspond to the VERTEBRAE of the NECK.
Inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA in the FRONTAL SINUS. In many cases, it is caused by an infection of the bacteria STREPTOCOCCUS PNEUMONIAE or HAEMOPHILUS INFLUENZAE.
Inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA in the ETHMOID SINUS. It may present itself as an acute (infectious) or chronic (allergic) condition.
Diagnostic and therapeutic procedures that are invasive or surgical in nature, and require the expertise of a specially trained radiologist. In general, they are more invasive than diagnostic imaging but less invasive than major surgery. They often involve catheterization, fluoroscopy, or computed tomography. Some examples include percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography, percutaneous transthoracic biopsy, balloon angioplasty, and arterial embolization.
Hospital department responsible for the administration and provision of immediate medical or surgical care to the emergency patient.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
An accumulation of air or gas in the PLEURAL CAVITY, which may occur spontaneously or as a result of trauma or a pathological process. The gas may also be introduced deliberately during PNEUMOTHORAX, ARTIFICIAL.
Inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA in the SPHENOID SINUS. Isolated sphenoid sinusitis is uncommon. It usually occurs in conjunction with other paranasal sinusitis.
The spinal or vertebral column.
Radiography of any part of the urinary tract.
Devices or objects in various imaging techniques used to visualize or enhance visualization by simulating conditions encountered in the procedure. Phantoms are used very often in procedures employing or measuring x-irradiation or radioactive material to evaluate performance. Phantoms often have properties similar to human tissue. Water demonstrates absorbing properties similar to normal tissue, hence water-filled phantoms are used to map radiation levels. Phantoms are used also as teaching aids to simulate real conditions with x-ray or ultrasonic machines. (From Iturralde, Dictionary and Handbook of Nuclear Medicine and Clinical Imaging, 1990)
Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.
A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.
The articulation between a metatarsal bone (METATARSAL BONES) and a phalanx.
Fractures of the lower jaw.
General or unspecified injuries to the neck. It includes injuries to the skin, muscles, and other soft tissues of the neck.
The total amount of a chemical, metal or radioactive substance present at any time after absorption in the body of man or animal.
The most posterior teeth on either side of the jaw, totaling eight in the deciduous dentition (2 on each side, upper and lower), and usually 12 in the permanent dentition (three on each side, upper and lower). They are grinding teeth, having large crowns and broad chewing surfaces. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p821)
Inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA in the MAXILLARY SINUS. In many cases, it is caused by an infection of the bacteria HAEMOPHILUS INFLUENZAE; STREPTOCOCCUS PNEUMONIAE; or STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS.
General or unspecified injuries to the chest area.
The measurement of the dimensions of the HEAD.
Inflammation of a synovial membrane. It is usually painful, particularly on motion, and is characterized by a fluctuating swelling due to effusion within a synovial sac. (Dorland, 27th ed)
One of a pair of irregularly shaped bones that form the upper jaw. A maxillary bone provides tooth sockets for the superior teeth, forms part of the ORBIT, and contains the MAXILLARY SINUS.
The production of an image obtained by cameras that detect the radioactive emissions of an injected radionuclide as it has distributed differentially throughout tissues in the body. The image obtained from a moving detector is called a scan, while the image obtained from a stationary camera device is called a scintiphotograph.
A compound used as an x-ray contrast medium that occurs in nature as the mineral barite. It is also used in various manufacturing applications and mixed into heavy concrete to serve as a radiation shield.
Production of an image when x-rays strike a fluorescent screen.
A number of small lung lesions characterized by small round masses of 2- to 3-mm in diameter. They are usually detected by chest CT scans (COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY, X-RAY). Such nodules can be associated with metastases of malignancies inside or outside the lung, benign granulomas, or other lesions.
Act of listening for sounds within the body.
Deficient development or degeneration of a portion of the VERTEBRA, usually in the pars interarticularis (the bone bridge between the superior and inferior facet joints of the LUMBAR VERTEBRAE) leading to SPONDYLOLISTHESIS.
Noninflammatory degenerative disease of the knee joint consisting of three large categories: conditions that block normal synchronous movement, conditions that produce abnormal pathways of motion, and conditions that cause stress concentration resulting in changes to articular cartilage. (Crenshaw, Campbell's Operative Orthopaedics, 8th ed, p2019)
Pathological processes involving any part of the LUNG.
Injuries caused by impact with a blunt object where there is no penetration of the skin.
Bones that make up the SKELETON of the FINGERS, consisting of two for the THUMB, and three for each of the other fingers.
The tip or terminal end of the root of a tooth. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p62)
Various units or machines that operate in combination or in conjunction with a computer but are not physically part of it. Peripheral devices typically display computer data, store data from the computer and return the data to the computer on demand, prepare data for human use, or acquire data from a source and convert it to a form usable by a computer. (Computer Dictionary, 4th ed.)
The visual display of data in a man-machine system. An example is when data is called from the computer and transmitted to a CATHODE RAY TUBE DISPLAY or LIQUID CRYSTAL display.
Diseases affecting or involving the PARANASAL SINUSES and generally manifesting as inflammation, abscesses, cysts, or tumors.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
The articulation between the head of one phalanx and the base of the one distal to it, in each toe.
A chronic systemic disease, primarily of the joints, marked by inflammatory changes in the synovial membranes and articular structures, widespread fibrinoid degeneration of the collagen fibers in mesenchymal tissues, and by atrophy and rarefaction of bony structures. Etiology is unknown, but autoimmune mechanisms have been implicated.
The second longest bone of the skeleton. It is located on the medial side of the lower leg, articulating with the FIBULA laterally, the TALUS distally, and the FEMUR proximally.
Measurement of tooth characteristics.
A form of pneumoconiosis resulting from inhalation of dust containing crystalline form of SILICON DIOXIDE, usually in the form of quartz. Amorphous silica is relatively nontoxic.
A graphic means for assessing the ability of a screening test to discriminate between healthy and diseased persons; may also be used in other studies, e.g., distinguishing stimuli responses as to a faint stimuli or nonstimuli.
Operative immobilization or ankylosis of two or more vertebrae by fusion of the vertebral bodies with a short bone graft or often with diskectomy or laminectomy. (From Blauvelt & Nelson, A Manual of Orthopaedic Terminology, 5th ed, p236; Dorland, 28th ed)
Diseases of the domestic dog (Canis familiaris). This term does not include diseases of wild dogs, WOLVES; FOXES; and other Canidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.
A specialized CONNECTIVE TISSUE that is the main constituent of the SKELETON. The principle cellular component of bone is comprised of OSTEOBLASTS; OSTEOCYTES; and OSTEOCLASTS, while FIBRILLAR COLLAGENS and hydroxyapatite crystals form the BONE MATRIX.
The aftermost permanent tooth on each side in the maxilla and mandible.
Inflammation of the bone.
MYCOBACTERIUM infections of the lung.
A normal developing tooth which has not yet perforated the oral mucosa or one that fails to erupt in the normal sequence or time interval expected for the type of tooth in a given gender, age, or population group.
An abnormal hardening or increased density of bone tissue.
A tooth that is prevented from erupting by a physical barrier, usually other teeth. Impaction may also result from orientation of the tooth in an other than vertical position in the periodontal structures.
Communications networks connecting various hardware devices together within or between buildings by means of a continuous cable or voice data telephone system.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
Types of spiral computed tomography technology in which multiple slices of data are acquired simultaneously improving the resolution over single slice acquisition technology.
The TARSAL BONES; METATARSAL BONES; and PHALANGES OF TOES. The tarsal bones consists of seven bones: CALCANEUS; TALUS; cuboid; navicular; internal; middle; and external cuneiform bones. The five metatarsal bones are numbered one through five, running medial to lateral. There are 14 phalanges in each foot, the great toe has two while the other toes have three each.
A plant family of the order Rhamnales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida, best known for the VITIS genus, the source of grapes.
The hemispheric articular surface at the upper extremity of the thigh bone. (Stedman, 26th ed)
One of a pair of irregularly shaped quadrilateral bones situated between the FRONTAL BONE and OCCIPITAL BONE, which together form the sides of the CRANIUM.
Inflammation of the periosteum. The condition is generally chronic, and is marked by tenderness and swelling of the bone and an aching pain. Acute periostitis is due to infection, is characterized by diffuse suppuration, severe pain, and constitutional symptoms, and usually results in necrosis. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Break or rupture of a tooth or tooth root.
The process of generating three-dimensional images by electronic, photographic, or other methods. For example, three-dimensional images can be generated by assembling multiple tomographic images with the aid of a computer, while photographic 3-D images (HOLOGRAPHY) can be made by exposing film to the interference pattern created when two laser light sources shine on an object.
A progressive, degenerative joint disease, the most common form of arthritis, especially in older persons. The disease is thought to result not from the aging process but from biochemical changes and biomechanical stresses affecting articular cartilage. In the foreign literature it is often called osteoarthrosis deformans.
The joint involving the CERVICAL ATLAS and axis bones.
The observation and analysis of movements in a task with an emphasis on the amount of time required to perform the task.
The third tooth to the left and to the right of the midline of either jaw, situated between the second INCISOR and the premolar teeth (BICUSPID). (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p817)
The joint that is formed by the articulation of the head of FEMUR and the ACETABULUM of the PELVIS.
Total lack of teeth through disease or extraction.
Plastic tubes used for drainage of air or fluid from the pleural space. Their surgical insertion is called tube thoracostomy.
Diseases of BONES.
Pathologic deposition of calcium salts in tissues.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Inflammation of the SPINE. This includes both arthritic and non-arthritic conditions.
The bone which is located most lateral in the proximal row of CARPAL BONES.
Biocompatible materials placed into (endosseous) or onto (subperiosteal) the jawbone to support a crown, bridge, or artificial tooth, or to stabilize a diseased tooth.
Nodular bones which lie within a tendon and slide over another bony surface. The PATELLA (kneecap) is a sesamoid bone.
The bones of the free part of the lower extremity in humans and of any of the four extremities in animals. It includes the FEMUR; PATELLA; TIBIA; and FIBULA.
Absence of teeth from a portion of the mandible and/or maxilla.
The thickest and spongiest part of the maxilla and mandible hollowed out into deep cavities for the teeth.
Lack of stability of a joint or joint prosthesis. Factors involved are intra-articular disease and integrity of extra-articular structures such as joint capsule, ligaments, and muscles.
A dead body, usually a human body.
Broken bones in the vertebral column.
One of the eight permanent teeth, two on either side in each jaw, between the canines (CUSPID) and the molars (MOLAR), serving for grinding and crushing food. The upper have two cusps (bicuspid) but the lower have one to three. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p822)
Peculiarities associated with the internal structure, form, topology, or architecture of organisms that distinguishes them from others of the same species or group.
A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)
An appreciable lateral deviation in the normally straight vertical line of the spine. (Dorland, 27th ed)
The space in a tooth bounded by the dentin and containing the dental pulp. The portion of the cavity within the crown of the tooth is the pulp chamber; the portion within the root is the pulp canal or root canal.
A pathologic entity characterized by deossification of a weight-bearing long bone, followed by bending and pathologic fracture, with inability to form normal BONY CALLUS leading to existence of the "false joint" that gives the condition its name. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Hand-held tools or implements especially used by dental professionals for the performance of clinical tasks.
Saccular lesions lined with epithelium and contained within pathologically formed cavities in the jaw; also nonepithelial cysts (pseudocysts) as they apply to the jaw, e.g., traumatic or solitary cyst, static bone cavity, and aneurysmal bone cyst. True jaw cysts are classified as odontogenic or nonodontogenic.
The upper part of the trunk between the NECK and the ABDOMEN. It contains the chief organs of the circulatory and respiratory systems. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
Localized destruction of the tooth surface initiated by decalcification of the enamel followed by enzymatic lysis of organic structures and leading to cavity formation. If left unchecked, the cavity may penetrate the enamel and dentin and reach the pulp.
The teeth of the first dentition, which are shed and replaced by the permanent teeth.
The CARPAL BONES; METACARPAL BONES; and FINGER PHALANGES. In each hand there are eight carpal bones, five metacarpal bones, and 14 phalanges.
Tumors or cancer of the MANDIBLE.
Disorders of the mediastinum, general or unspecified.
Multiple physical insults or injuries occurring simultaneously.
Presence of fluid in the pleural cavity resulting from excessive transudation or exudation from the pleural surfaces. It is a sign of disease and not a diagnosis in itself.
The inner and longer bone of the FOREARM.
Inflammation of the SACROILIAC JOINT. It is characterized by lower back pain, especially upon walking, fever, UVEITIS; PSORIASIS; and decreased range of motion. Many factors are associated with and cause sacroiliitis including infection; injury to spine, lower back, and pelvis; DEGENERATIVE ARTHRITIS; and pregnancy.
Renewal or repair of lost bone tissue. It excludes BONY CALLUS formed after BONE FRACTURES but not yet replaced by hard bone.
A departure from the normal gait in animals.
Inflammation of the PERIAPICAL TISSUE. It includes general, unspecified, or acute nonsuppurative inflammation. Chronic nonsuppurative inflammation is PERIAPICAL GRANULOMA. Suppurative inflammation is PERIAPICAL ABSCESS.
Deformities of the SPINE characterized by abnormal bending or flexure in the vertebral column. They may be bending forward (KYPHOSIS), backward (LORDOSIS), or sideway (SCOLIOSIS).
The five cylindrical bones of the METACARPUS, articulating with the CARPAL BONES proximally and the PHALANGES OF FINGERS distally.
A group of twelve VERTEBRAE connected to the ribs that support the upper trunk region.
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the bronchi.
Also called the shoulder blade, it is a flat triangular bone, a pair of which form the back part of the shoulder girdle.
Ratio of output to effort, or the ratio of effort produced to energy expended.
Materials used as reference points for imaging studies.
The part of the pelvis that comprises the pelvic socket where the head of FEMUR joins to form HIP JOINT (acetabulofemoral joint).
Radiography of the bronchial tree after injection of a contrast medium.
Penetrating electromagnetic radiation emitted when the inner orbital electrons of an atom are excited and release radiant energy. X-ray wavelengths range from 1 pm to 10 nm. Hard X-rays are the higher energy, shorter wavelength X-rays. Soft x-rays or Grenz rays are less energetic and longer in wavelength. The short wavelength end of the X-ray spectrum overlaps the GAMMA RAYS wavelength range. The distinction between gamma rays and X-rays is based on their radiation source.
The SKELETON of the HEAD including the FACIAL BONES and the bones enclosing the BRAIN.
X-ray image-detecting devices that make a focused image of body structures lying in a predetermined plane from which more complex images are computed.
Usually a written medical and nursing care program designed for a particular patient.
The head of a long bone that is separated from the shaft by the epiphyseal plate until bone growth stops. At that time, the plate disappears and the head and shaft are united.
Incorrect diagnoses after clinical examination or technical diagnostic procedures.
Collections of related records treated as a unit; ordering of such files.
Formed by the articulation of the talus with the calcaneus.
Tumors or cancer located in bone tissue or specific BONES.
The killing of animals for reasons of mercy, to control disease transmission or maintain the health of animal populations, or for experimental purposes (ANIMAL EXPERIMENTATION).
The toothlike process on the upper surface of the axis, which articulates with the CERVICAL ATLAS above.
Cancers or tumors of the MAXILLA or MANDIBLE unspecified. For neoplasms of the maxilla, MAXILLARY NEOPLASMS is available and of the mandible, MANDIBULAR NEOPLASMS is available.
The physiological restoration of bone tissue and function after a fracture. It includes BONY CALLUS formation and normal replacement of bone tissue.
Tumors or cancer of the LUNG.
Measurement of the various processes involved in the act of respiration: inspiration, expiration, oxygen and carbon dioxide exchange, lung volume and compliance, etc.
Removal of minerals from bones during bone examination.
Traumatic injuries involving the cranium and intracranial structures (i.e., BRAIN; CRANIAL NERVES; MENINGES; and other structures). Injuries may be classified by whether or not the skull is penetrated (i.e., penetrating vs. nonpenetrating) or whether there is an associated hemorrhage.
Fibrous cords of CONNECTIVE TISSUE that attach bones to each other and hold together the many types of joints in the body. Articular ligaments are strong, elastic, and allow movement in only specific directions, depending on the individual joint.
Bones that constitute each half of the pelvic girdle in VERTEBRATES, formed by fusion of the ILIUM; ISCHIUM; and PUBIC BONE.
Low-density crystals or stones in any part of the URINARY TRACT. Their chemical compositions often include CALCIUM OXALATE, magnesium ammonium phosphate (struvite), CYSTINE, or URIC ACID.
Acute or chronic pain located in the posterior regions of the THORAX; LUMBOSACRAL REGION; or the adjacent regions.
The distance and direction to which a bone joint can be extended. Range of motion is a function of the condition of the joints, muscles, and connective tissues involved. Joint flexibility can be improved through appropriate MUSCLE STRETCHING EXERCISES.
Expectoration or spitting of blood originating from any part of the RESPIRATORY TRACT, usually from hemorrhage in the lung parenchyma (PULMONARY ALVEOLI) and the BRONCHIAL ARTERIES.
Inflammation of the synovial lining of a tendon sheath. Causes include trauma, tendon stress, bacterial disease (gonorrhea, tuberculosis), rheumatic disease, and gout. Common sites are the hand, wrist, shoulder capsule, hip capsule, hamstring muscles, and Achilles tendon. The tendon sheaths become inflamed and painful, and accumulate fluid. Joint mobility is usually reduced.

Computed radiography dual energy subtraction: performance evaluation when detecting low-contrast lung nodules in an anthropomorphic phantom. (1/1703)

A dedicated chest computed radiography (CR) system has an option of energy subtraction (ES) acquisition. Two imaging plates, rather than one, are separated by a copper filter to give a high-energy and low-energy image. This study compares the diagnostic accuracy of conventional computed radiography to that of ES obtained with two radiographic techniques. One soft tissue only image was obtained at the conventional CR technique (s = 254) and the second was obtained at twice the radiation exposure (s = 131) to reduce noise. An anthropomorphic phantom with superimposed low-contrast lung nodules was imaged 53 times for each radiographic technique. Fifteen images had no nodules; 38 images had a total of 90 nodules placed on the phantom. Three chest radiologists read the three sets of images in a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) study. Significant differences in Az were only found between (1) the higher exposure energy subtracted images and the conventional dose energy subtracted images (P = .095, 90% confidence), and (2) the conventional CR and the energy subtracted image obtained at the same technique (P = .024, 98% confidence). As a result of this study, energy subtracted images cannot be substituted for conventional CR images when detecting low-contrast nodules, even when twice the exposure is used to obtain them.  (+info)

Computerized analysis of abnormal asymmetry in digital chest radiographs: evaluation of potential utility. (2/1703)

The purpose of this study was to develop and test a computerized method for the fully automated analysis of abnormal asymmetry in digital posteroanterior (PA) chest radiographs. An automated lung segmentation method was used to identify the aerated lung regions in 600 chest radiographs. Minimal a priori lung morphology information was required for this gray-level thresholding-based segmentation. Consequently, segmentation was applicable to grossly abnormal cases. The relative areas of segmented right and left lung regions in each image were compared with the corresponding area distributions of normal images to determine the presence of abnormal asymmetry. Computerized diagnoses were compared with image ratings assigned by a radiologist. The ability of the automated method to distinguish normal from asymmetrically abnormal cases was evaluated by using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis, which yielded an area under the ROC curve of 0.84. This automated method demonstrated promising performance in its ability to detect abnormal asymmetry in PA chest images. We believe this method could play a role in a picture archiving and communications (PACS) environment to immediately identify abnormal cases and to function as one component of a multifaceted computer-aided diagnostic scheme.  (+info)

A reliability study for evaluating information extraction from radiology reports. (3/1703)

GOAL: To assess the reliability of a reference standard for an information extraction task. SETTING: Twenty-four physician raters from two sites and two specialties judged whether clinical conditions were present based on reading chest radiograph reports. METHODS: Variance components, generalizability (reliability) coefficients, and the number of expert raters needed to generate a reliable reference standard were estimated. RESULTS: Per-rater reliability averaged across conditions was 0.80 (95% CI, 0.79-0.81). Reliability for the nine individual conditions varied from 0.67 to 0.97, with central line presence and pneumothorax the most reliable, and pleural effusion (excluding CHF) and pneumonia the least reliable. One to two raters were needed to achieve a reliability of 0.70, and six raters, on average, were required to achieve a reliability of 0.95. This was far more reliable than a previously published per-rater reliability of 0.19 for a more complex task. Differences between sites were attributable to changes to the condition definitions. CONCLUSION: In these evaluations, physician raters were able to judge very reliably the presence of clinical conditions based on text reports. Once the reliability of a specific rater is confirmed, it would be possible for that rater to create a reference standard reliable enough to assess aggregate measures on a system. Six raters would be needed to create a reference standard sufficient to assess a system on a case-by-case basis. These results should help evaluators design future information extraction studies for natural language processors and other knowledge-based systems.  (+info)

An approach to the problems of diagnosing and treating adult smear-negative pulmonary tuberculosis in high-HIV-prevalence settings in sub-Saharan Africa. (4/1703)

The overlap between the populations in sub-Saharan Africa infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and Mycobacterium tuberculosis has led to an upsurge in tuberculosis cases over the last 10 years. The relative increase in the proportion of notified sputum-smear-negative pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) cases is greater than that of sputum-smear-positive PTB cases. This is a consequence of the following: the association between decreased host immunity and reduced sputum smear positivity; the difficulty in excluding other HIV-related diseases when making the diagnosis of smear-negative PTB; and an increase in false-negative sputum smears because of overstretched resources. This article examines problems in the diagnosis and treatment of smear-negative PTB in high-HIV-prevalence areas in sub-Saharan Africa. The main issues in diagnosis include: the criteria used to diagnose smear-negative PTB; the degree to which clinicians actually follow these criteria in practice; and the problem of how to exclude other respiratory diseases that can resemble, and be misdiagnosed as, smear-negative PTB. The most important aspect of the treatment of smear-negative PTB patients is abandoning 12-month "standard" treatment regimens in favour of short-course chemotherapy. Operational research is necessary to determine the most cost-effective approaches to the diagnosis and treatment of smear-negative PTB. Nevertheless, substantial improvement could be obtained by implementing the effective measures already available, such as improved adherence to diagnostic and treatment guidelines.  (+info)

Clinical manifestation and survival of patients with idiopathic bilateral atrial dilatation. (5/1703)

We studied the histories of eight patients who lacked clear evidence of cardiac abnormalities other than marked bilateral atrial dilatation and atrial fibrillation, which have rarely been discussed in the literature. From the time of their first visit to our hospital, the patients' chest radiographs and electrocardiograms showed markedly enlarged cardiac silhouettes and atrial fibrillation, respectively. Each patient's echocardiogram showed a marked bilateral atrial dilatation with almost normal wall motion of both ventricles. In one patient, inflammatory change was demonstrated by cardiac catheterization and endomyocardial biopsy from the right ventricle. Seven of our eight cases were elderly women. Over a long period after the diagnosis of cardiomegaly or arrhythmia, diuretics or digitalis offered good results in the treatment of edema and congestion in these patients. In view of the clinical courses included in the present study, we conclude that this disorder has a good prognosis.  (+info)

Concurrent infection with Legionella pneumophila and Pneumocystis carinii in a patient with adult T cell leukemia. (6/1703)

A 48-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with high fever, chills, cough, and exertional dyspnea. On admission, the chest roentgenogram and computed tomography scan showed bilateral alveolar infiltration in the middle and lower lung fields. Microscopic examination of the bronchial lavage fluid showed flower cells typical for adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) and cysts of Pneumocystis carinii, and Legionella pneumophila serogroup 1 grew on buffered charcoal yeast extract (BCYE)-alpha agar. The patient was successfully treated with antibiotics including trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole, erythromycin, and sparfloxacin. Remission of ATL was achieved after three courses of antileukemic chemotherapy. Mixed infection of opportunistic pathogens should be considered in patients with ATL.  (+info)

A resuscitated case from asphyxia by large bronchial cast. (7/1703)

A 62-year-old woman with bronchiectasis suffered from asphyxia due to a large bronchial cast that obstructed the bronchial tree. Immediate bronchoscopic suction of a bronchial cast of 17 cm in length through the intubated tube relieved the patients without any complications. Large bronchial casts appear to be rare in this century but it should be considered in patients with acute exacerbation of excessive sputa not only in patients with asthma or allergy but also in patients with respiratory tract infection.  (+info)

Clinical studies of styrene workers: initial findings. (8/1703)

Styrene monomer is a high volume chemical used chiefly in production of polystyrene. A clinical survey of 493 production workers was undertaken at the oldest and largest monomer production, polymerization, and extrusion facility in the U.S. Relative exposure durations and levels were obtained from occupational histories. Significant differences between the high and low exposure groups were found with regard to history of acute prenarcotic symptoms, acute lower respiratory symptoms, prevalence of FEV 1/FV less than 75 per cent, and elevated GCTP. Other liver function tests, chest x-ray, FVC less than 80 per cent, and hematological parameters showed no distinct pattern. A concomitant mortality study has been mounted and is in progress.  (+info)

Results A total of 62 foreign bodies were detected in 39 patients, of whom 19 were investigated with LODOX and 20 with conventional digital chest radiography. Thirty-three foreign bodies were located in the two upper abdominal quadrants, 21 in the lower quadrants-which are not visible on conventional digital chest radiography-seven in the oesophagus and one in the bronchial system. The sensitivity and specificity of digital chest radiography were 44.4% and 94.1%, respectively, and for the LODOX Statscan 90% and 100%, respectively. The calculated mean radiation dose for LODOX investigations was 184 μS, compared with 524 μS for digital chest radiography.. ...
Pediatric Chest Imaging: Chest Imaging in Infants & Children by Javier Lucaya, Janet L Strife starting at $62.00. Pediatric Chest Imaging: Chest Imaging in Infants & Children has 2 available editions to buy at Alibris
Conventional chest radiography is a relatively low-cost, widely available modality performed with low radiation dose and remains mainstay of daily practice of chest radiology. However, the low sensitivity for small pulmonary nodule limits its application in detection of early lung cancer [3, 4]. With advances in digital chest radiography, development of new techniques including algorithms typically coupled with methodological innovations that use imaging physics to improve conspicuity, and image subtraction strategies has been shown to improve image quality of digital imaging systems over conventional film techniques [18, 19]. Dual-energy subtraction radiography is considered as one of emerging technologies that can distinguish bone from soft tissue by selective decomposition and visualization of bone and soft tissue images using the information about energy-dependent changes in the attenuation of different materials [20, 21]. Multiple studies have shown that dual-energy subtraction images ...
A-Z of Chest Radiology A-Z of Chest Radiology provides a comprehensive, concise, easily accessible radiological guide to the imaging of acute...
A prospective abnormal shadow detecting system detects a prospective abnormal shadow in an image on the basis of image data representing the image and outputs information on the prospective abnormal shadow detected by the prospective abnormal shadow detecting means. Whether the detected prospective abnormal shadow is malignant or benignant is judged, and the information on the prospective abnormal shadow is output in such a manner that whether the prospective abnormal shadow is malignant or benignant can be distinguished.
Chest Radiographs are the most commonly ordered diagnostic image in the pediatric population. These images are encountered often in both the early medical school curriculum and outside in the clinical setting. This module was generated with the goals of giving a framework for approaching pediatric chest x-rays, as well as showcasing common radiographic findings, both normal and pathologic.
According to an article in the German Medical Journal Deutsches Ärzteblatt Jg.117 Heft 14 3. April 2020 the Munich Hospital Rechts der Isar started a new and simple scheme for COVID-19 detection: Patients with a history of fever or temperature >37.3°C / 99.1°F and a lymphocyte count ,1,1 G/L get an immediate low-dose chest CT scan. This procedure is referenced to the Therapeutic and triage strategies for 2019 novel coronavirus disease in fever clinics published recently in Lancet online at https://www.thelancet.com/pdfs/journals/lanres/PIIS2213-2600(20)30114-4.pdf.. The sensitivity of laboratory PCR tests is low according to the study and laboratory results may last for up to 3 days. A chest CT scan takes a few minutes, and the result is available shortly later. Any detected viral pneumonia in a chest CT scan indicates a COVID-19 infection after exclusion of influenza or RSV. Chest CT scans shall be typically acquired in low dose technique without contrast agent with a slice thickness of ...
The featured Image represents a Chest X-Ray Image, taken from behind (PA = Postererior-Anterior). The Heart and Lungs are clearly visible. The 3-D effect enhances the appearance of the Ribs which enhances the viewers perception of the 3-Dimensional location of the organs. The smaller red lines within the Chest are the Blood Vessels traveling to and from the Lungs. They are accentuated to demonstrate their location within the X-Ray Image. The trachea can be seen in Blue as it directs air to and from the Lungs. The Lung tissue is also shown in blue. Air in the stomach is shown in green, located just below the rib cage on the right side of the X-Ray Image ...
Errors in chest radiology are caused by improper technique, by failure to interpret results correctly, or by inadequate knowledge of the patientss clinical history on the part of the radiologist.
Most illnesses caused by pandemic influenza A (H1N1) pdm09 virus (A/H1N1) infection are acute and self-limiting among children. However, in some children, disease progression is rapid and may require hospitalization and transfer to a pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). We investigated factors associated with rapid disease progression among children admitted to hospital for A/H1N1 infection, particularly findings on initial chest radiographs. In this retrospective study, we investigated the records of children who had received a laboratory or clinical diagnosis of A/H1N1 infection and were admitted to the largest childrens hospital in Japan between May 2009 and March 2010. The medical records were reviewed for age, underlying diseases, vital signs on admission, initial chest radiographic findings, and clinical outcomes. According to chest radiographic findings, patients were classified into 4 groups, as follows: [1] normal (n = 46), [2] hilar and/or peribronchial markings alone (n = 64), [3]
Poster: ECR 2019 / C-2065 / Towards radiologist-level malignancy detection on chest CT scans: a comparative study of the performance of convolutional neural networks and four thoracic radiologists by: V. Venugopal1, A. VAIDYA2, A. AHUJA2, Y. Singh2, K. Vaidhya3, A. Raj3, V. Mahajan2, S. Vaidya4, A. Rangasai Devalla3; 1Aligarh/IN, 2New Delhi/IN, 3Bangalore/IN, 4Mumbai/IN
Montgomery Hospital Medical Center procedure pricing information for a Thoracic CT Scan - Thorax can be found listed below. Find a cost comparison to other providers in Philadelphia, PA and see your potential savings.
Northwestern Memorial Hospital procedure pricing information for a Thoracic CT Scan - Thorax can be found listed below. Find a cost comparison to other providers in Chicago, IL and see your potential savings.
Background: Certain pulmonary diseases are associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD). Whether pulmonary, mediastinal and pleural chest CT abnormalities reflecting these pulmonary diseases improve CVD risk estimation beyond what is possible with cardiovascular findings is unknown. To evaluate the incremental predictive value of pulmonary, mediastinal and pleural findings over cardiovascular imaging findings.. Methods: The cohort comprised 10 410 patients, who underwent diagnostic chest CT for non-cardiovascular indications. Using a case-cohort approach, CT scans from the cases and from a ≈10% random sample of the baseline cohort (n=1366) were visually graded for cardiovascular, pulmonary, mediastinal and pleural findings (Figure ). Using Cox proportional hazards analysis, two models were pre-specified: Model 1 comprising the cardiovascular imaging findings; Model 2 comprised the cardiovascular plus pulmonary, mediastinal and pleural imaging findings. We evaluated the incremental value of ...
When shopping for horses at a sale, buyers sometimes ask consignors about the information contained in radiograph reports on the animals instead of hiring a veterinarian to look at the reports in the sales repository. But according to the Kentucky
The deep sulcus sign on a supine chest radiograph raises suspicion of a pneumothorax. On a supine plain chest film (common in intensive care units or as part of a trauma radiograph series), it may be the only suggestion of a pneumothorax because...
Lung cancer CT screening is one of the most accurate diagnostic tools for finding lung cancer at an early stage, when it is most treatable. CT scans of the lung are able to detect small abnormalities in the lungs that could be the beginning stages of lung cancer. These indicators are often not visible on a routine chest X-ray. Since a CT lung screening offers the best opportunity for successful treatment of lung cancer before symptoms are noticed, more physicians are opting for lung cancer screening based on risk factors (like smoking and family history), rather than symptoms. ...
AccessMedicine Network is the place to keep up on new releases for the Access products, get short form didactic content, read up on practice impacting highlights, and watch video featuring authors of your favorite books in medicine. Create a MyAccess profile and follow our contributors to stay informed via email updates.. Create a Free MyAccess Profile. ...
The differential for pediatric chest pain is very different from that of adults. Read below for a few pearls on Pediatric Chest Pain.. ...
Thank you for your interest in spreading the word on American Academy of Pediatrics.. NOTE: We only request your email address so that the person you are recommending the page to knows that you wanted them to see it, and that it is not junk mail. We do not capture any email address.. ...
PT Java Medika Utama bergerak secara luas dalam bidang pendidikan bagi profesional kesehatan dan media. Pelanggan kami berkisar dari perawat, caregiver, dokter, radiografer dan sonografer, pasien dan pelajar, hingga penduduk dan dokter dalam masa koas. Agar berkontribusi dalam pendidikan kedokteran untuk tidak hanya generasi sekarang tapi generasi masa depan kita, Kyoto Kagaku akan terus mengejar inovasi dan memegang standar tinggi untuk produk kami. | PT Java Medika Utama
Predictors for imaging progression on chest CT from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients Browse Categories B-12 COVID-19 Deficiencies Fertility / Pregnancy / Womens Health Health Issues Kids Health Mental Health Methylfolate Facts MTHFR Genetics News Resources Staying Healthy Super-B-Complex ABSTRACT
TY - JOUR. T1 - Deep learning algorithms with demographic information help to detect tuberculosis in chest radiographs in annual workers health examination data. AU - Heo, Seok Jae. AU - Kim, Yangwook. AU - Yun, Sehyun. AU - Lim, Sung Shil. AU - Kim, Jihyun. AU - Nam, Chung Mo. AU - Park, Eun Cheol. AU - Jung, Inkyung. AU - Yoon, Jin Ha. PY - 2019/1/2. Y1 - 2019/1/2. N2 - We aimed to use deep learning to detect tuberculosis in chest radiographs in annual workers health examination data and compare the performances of convolutional neural networks (CNNs) based on images only (I-CNN) and CNNs including demographic variables (D-CNN). The I-CNN and D-CNN models were trained on 1000 chest X-ray images, both positive and negative, for tuberculosis. Feature extraction was conducted using VGG19, InceptionV3, ResNet50, DenseNet121, and InceptionResNetV2. Age, weight, height, and gender were recorded as demographic variables. The area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve (AUC) was ...
Tree-in-bud appearance represents dilated and fluid-filled (i.e. pus, mucus, or inflammatory exudate) centrilobular bronchioles. Abnormal tree-in-bud bronchioles can be distinguished from normal centrilobular bronchioles by their more irregular appearance, lack of tapering or knobby/bulbous appearance at the tip of their branches. The tree-in-bud distribution is often patch throughout the lung. ...
USG can detect as little as-3-5 milliliters of fluid in the pleural cavity. It is usually echo-free and changes its shape with respiration. Transudates are usually sonolucent; exudates may contain floating echoes, fibrin strands, septations, s/o inflammatory, or neoplastic etiology. ...
2 years of age were obese, comparatively less than in pediatric patients from the national US cohort (30%). Lymphopenia was common and noted in approximately half of our children (mostly among those older than 4 years of age) compared to other reports (20). None of them had clinical myositis (21). No child had invasive bacterial co-infection, but 2/3rd of cases received systemic antibiotics. Although bacteriology cultures were less revealing, focal radiograph findings in our study and 2 recent reports on H1N1 illness demonstrating frequent concurrent bacterial infections in 29-43% of subjects underscore the importance of early recognition and treatment of bacterial infection on admission in SOIV illness (22). Abnormal chest radiographs were least common among youngest patients, while ½ of children , 5 years had abnormal chest x-rays, consolidation being the most common pattern as in adults. All children received Oseltamivir on day of admission and 9 pediatric patients received steroid therapy. ...
Pneumonia is an infectious disease that attacks the lungs, causing the air sacs in the lungs to become inflamed and swollen. Pneumonia is caused by fungi, bacteria, and viruses. Pneumonia can affect...
The lateral chest view is part of a common radiological investigation of the chest in the emergency department 1. The lateral chest view examines the lungs, bony thoracic cavity, mediastinum and great vessels. Although the PA chest view is the ...
Background/ introduction: The pandemic, originated by novel coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19), continuing its devastating effect on the health, well-being, and economy of the global population. A critical step to restrain this pandemic is the early detection of COVID-19 in the human...
The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- A.D.A.M., a business unit of Ebix, Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited ...
Methods Thirty-four patients with a diagnosis of CTD were included. Each patient underwent clinical examination, pulmonary function test (PFT), chest HRCT, and lung US by an experienced radiologist or rheumatologist. A second rheumatologist carried out US examinations to assess interobserver agreement. In each patient, US B-line lung assessment including 50 intercostal spaces (IS) was performed. For the anterior and lateral chest, the IS were the second to the fifth along the parasternal, mid-clavicular, anterior axillary, and medial axillary lines (the left fifth IS of the anterior and lateral chest was not performed because of the presence of the heart, which limits lung visualization). For the posterior chest, the IS assessed were the seventh to the eighth along the posterior-axillary and subscapular lines. The second to eighth IS were assessed in the paravertebral line. In each IS, the number of US B-lines under the transducer was recorded, summed, and graded according to the following ...
Yes, it is unusual for a surgeon to be evaluated on how he can examine the chest, but it is very important for you as a surgeon to know how to evaluate the chest specially in trauma and critically ill patients.. Here is a simplified plan on how you can assess the chest.. ...
Tissue infiltration by neoplastic cells is rare and can involve various organs and tissues, from the bone marrow (described later) to the liver, spleen, lymph nodes, and possibly the lungs, gastrointestinal tract, kidneys, skin, eyes, and central nervous system. Pulmonary involvement in the form of masses, nodules, diffuse infiltrate, or pleural effusions is relatively rare, since the overall incidence of pulmonary and pleural findings reported for WM is only 3 5%.78-80 Cough is the most common presenting symptom, followed by dyspnea and chest pain. Chest radiographic findings include parenchymal infiltrates, confluent masses, and effusions. Malabsorption, diarrhea, bleeding, or obstruction may indicate involvement of the gastrointestinal tract at the level of the stomach, duodenum, or small intestine.81-84 In contrast to multiple myeloma, infiltration of the kidney interstitium with lymphoplasmacytoid cell has been reported in WM,85 while renal or perirenal masses are not uncommon.86 The skin ...
PET/CT played a significant role in this case in confirming a primary malignant tumor within the lung as well as providing accurate initial staging leading to prompt initiation of radiation therapy and chemotherapy. FDG-PET/CT provided a rapid way to detect extra-thoracic metastatic disease that was not evident on the initial chest CT. One known limitation of FDG-PET/CT is that it is not as sensitive as MRI for detection of brain metastases.. The value of PET/CT for staging of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has been recognized for some time (Lardinois, D., et al)1. A recent article by Aukema et al2 focuses upon the increasing value of PET/CT for diagnosis of NSCLC as well. The authors describe the use of PET/CT in a fast track outpatient setting used to differentiate pulmonary pathology in patients referred with pulmonary symptoms and/or abnormal chest X-ray. PET/CT demonstrated a high sensitivity (97%) for diagnosing malignancy, includ-ing primary lung cancer, in patients referred to this ...
Question - X-ray report shows fibronodular opacity right upper zone. What does it mean? . Ask a Doctor about diagnosis, treatment and medication for Old tubercular infection, Ask a Radiologist
Question - Had surgery in c5/c6 level. X-ray report shows reverse neck. C1 incomplete. Having pain. Is it deteriorating? What can happen?. Ask a Doctor about diagnosis, treatment and medication for Injury, Ask an Orthopaedic Surgeon
Title: Shadow on the Pattern, Part 3 Rating: PG Genre: Crossover of Battlestar Galactica and Babylon 5 Spoilers: Through Rapture, then goes AU. Set in Babylon 5 season one. Characters : Background Sam/Kara but mostly gen adventure with Gaeta, Barolay, Hotdog, etc. Plus the crew of B5. Summary: When…
This 30 minute eCPD tutorial discusses how to take the perfect radiograph, including preparation, positioning and exposure factors. It also looks at the some of the reasons why thoracic radiographs might be needed, and at some advanced techniques of thoracic imaging.. This CPD tutorial is worth 30 minutes towards your RCVS requirements.. ...
chest radiograph, chest X-ray, CXR, chest film - tłumaczenie na polski oraz definicja. Co znaczy i jak powiedzieć chest radiograph, chest X-ray, CXR, chest film po polsku? - RTG klatki piersiowej
Another important feature to recognize in the pediatric chest is the normal thymic tissue in the anterior mediastinum. Normal thymic tissue, as demonstrated on this image, should not be confused with a mediastinal or pulmonary mass. ...
An essential part of diagnosing heart disease in cats and dogs is a comprehensive physical examination. Physical examination of the animal suspected of heart disease was covered in the previous lecture, and this lecture will focus on the use of diagnostic tests in assessment of the cardiac patient in general practice.. Thoracic Radiographs. Thoracic radiographs are essential for any patient with clinical signs of tachypnoea or dypsnoea that are potentially referable to pulmonary pathology. Radiographs should be performed cautiously in any patient with respiratory distress, minimizing additional stress and preferably while supplementing with oxygen.. In the dog with congestive heart failure, mild pulmonary oedema is characterized by perihilar alveolar infiltrates. With more significant oedema, infiltrates are evident in the caudodorsal fields, occasionally with greater involvement of the right caudal lobe. In the cat, there is no alveolar pattern specific for cardiogenic oedema, and regional or ...
Background: Chest pain is a common reason for referral to pediatric cardiologists. Although pediatric chest pain is rarely attributable to serious cardiac pathology, extensive and costly evaluation is often performed. We ...
Crazy Paving is a appearance that is basically a linear network or reticular pattern in the crazy-paving sign is believed to result from a thickening of the in…
History 34 years old male with fever, cough, and painful left knee since returning from a Thailand visit 2 weeks before presentation. He complaints about night sweats and weight loss of 5 kg. Findings Conventional chest X-ray shows enlargement of left pulmonary hilum compatible with adenopathy (A). In the thoracic CT scan in soft tissue…
By Ken Grauer, MD Professor Emeritus in Family Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Florida Dr. Grauer reports no financial relationships relevant to this field of study. The ECG in the figure below was obtained from a patient with new-onset chest pain. He was hemodynamically stable at the time this tracing was obtained. In addition to the artifact that is most pronounced in the lateral chest leads, there are four major findings. Admittedly, two findings are subtle. How many findings can you identify? The ventricular . . .
The patient is an 86 year old male with a past medical history significant for diabetes mellitus and hypertension who was incidentally found to have a left lung mass discovered on chest radiographs (during work-up for dull chest pain). Follow up chest CT showed a well circumscribed 4x2x1cm pleural based peripheral lung mass which was attached by a broad pedicle. He subsequently underwent VATS procdure for excision.. ...
Ct scan chest and abdomen - Normal chest X-ray & abdominal/pelivic CT scan, but positive TB skin test? I have low grade fevers, extreme fatigue & swollen lymph nodes. Tb? Unlikely TB. It is unusual to have TB with a normal chest x-ray. You need to see your doctor get a work-up ASAP.
Download Chest images and photos. Over 141,163 Chest pictures to choose from, with no signup needed. Download in under 30 seconds.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Detectability of simulated pulmonary nodules on chest radiographs. T2 - Comparison between irradiation side sampling indirect flat-panel detector and computed radiography. AU - Yano, Yuki. AU - Yabuuchi, Hidetake. AU - Tanaka, Nobukazu. AU - Morishita, Junji. AU - Akasaka, Tsutomu. AU - Matsuo, Yoshio. AU - Sunami, Shunya. AU - Kamitani, Takeshi. AU - Jinnouchi, Mikako. AU - Yamasaki, Yuzo. AU - Nagao, Michinobu. AU - Sasaki, Masayuki. PY - 2013/11. Y1 - 2013/11. N2 - Objective To compare the detectability of simulated pulmonary nodules on chest radiographs between an irradiation side sampling indirect flat-panel detector (ISS-FPD) and computed radiography (CR). Materials and methods This study was an observer performance study. Simulated pulmonary nodules of 8 mm in diameter were superimposed on an anthropomorphic chest phantom. Chest radiographs were acquired under 2 exposure levels (4 and 3.2 mAs) with the ISS-FPD and the CR. Six thoracic radiologists evaluated all 40 images ...
This CAD system for digital chest radiographs can assist radiologists and has the potential to improve the detection of lung nodules due to lung cancer.
There is no comparative study with long-term follow-up between posterior-only and combined posterior-anterior approaches in treating lumbar spinal tuberculosis (LSTB) and lumbosacral spinal tuberculosis (LSSTB). This retrospective study aimed to compare and evaluate the long-term outcomes of these two surgical approaches in LSTB and LSSTB. Thirty patients with LSTB and 12 patients with LSSTB underwent posterior-only approach (group A); 26 patients with LSTB and 14 patients with LSSTB were managed with combined posterior-anterior approaches (group B). Analysis and comparison in clinical and radiographic outcomes between the two groups were performed. The intra-operative bleeding amount, surgery time, and hospitalization days in group A were less than that in group B (P | 0.05). These patients were followed for a minimum of 7 years. All patients achieved completely healing within 2-year follow-up. Bony fusion was obtained in all patients. The visual analog scale, Japanese Orthopedic Association score,
Congenital pediatric chest deformity (hollowed chest (pectus excavatum) or keeled chest) | Plastic chest repair. Thoracic surgery: Treatment in Bonn, Germany ✈. Prices on BookingHealth.com - booking treatment online!
Little is currently known regarding sputum smear reversion (acid-fast smear becomes positive again after negative conversion) during anti-tuberculous treatment. This study aimed to evaluate its occurrence in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) and identify factors predicting results of mycobacterial culture for smear-reversion of sputum samples. The retrospective review was performed in a tertiary referral center and a local teaching hospital in Taiwan. From 2000 to 2007, patients with smear-positive culture-confirmed pulmonary TB experiencing smear reversion after 14 days of anti-tuberculous treatment were identified. The 739 patients with smear-positive pulmonary TB had 74 (10%) episodes of sputum smear reversion that grew Mycobacterium tuberculosis in 22 (30%) (Mtb group). The remaining 52 episodes of culture-negative sputum samples were classified as the non-Mtb group. The anti-tuberculous regimen was modified after confirming smear reversion in 15 (20%). Fourteen episodes in the Mtb group and
The presence and burden of coronary artery calcium (CAC) is a strong predictor of cardiovascular events. In an effort to gain insight into the utility of CAC for coronary artery disease (CAD) screening in cancer patients with heart disease, we sought to determine the presence and burden of CAC detected on routine chest CT in patients referred to a cardio-oncology clinic, comparing them to a conventional cardiology clinic with the general population as controls. Patients from the cardio-oncology clinic, general cardiology clinic, and the general clinic population at Rush University Medical Center who had a chest CT as part of their previous treatment were identified. Each CT scan was evaluated for presence, extent, and severity of CAC by 3 independent readers. In multivariate analysis, when compared with cardio-oncology clinic, CAC was more prevalent in the CT scans of cardiology patients (p = 0.04), but not the general clinic population (p = 0.5); CAC extent (p = 0.05) and severity (p = 0.05) was
Question - Patient with continuous (L) lateral chest wall pain and hypersensitivity - 55. Find the answer to this and other Medical questions on JustAnswer
If possible, it is important to determine the extent of cancer before treatment in order to select the best treatment option. Of particular concern is the presence of cancer in lymph nodes, spread of cancer to distant sites or local extension of cancer into surrounding structures, which might make attempts to remove all cancer with surgical resection impossible. Unfortunately, in many cases the true extent of spread of cancer can only be determined by surgical resection. Frequently, more advanced cancer is found at surgery than was detected by clinical tests.. Routine Staging: All patients with esophageal cancer undergo a routine chest x-ray examination and a barium swallow under fluoroscopy (direct x-ray examination of the esophagus) as part of initial staging evaluation. All patients have computerized tomography (CT) scans of the chest, upper abdomen and possibly the neck. Unfortunately, there can be considerable error in CT scanning in detecting the extent of local spread of esophageal ...
CiteSeerX - Scientific articles matching the query: Transferable Multi-model Ensemble for Benign-Malignant Lung Nodule Classification on Chest CT
In this study, the authors proposed a deep learning method for the detection and quantification of pneumothorax in heterogeneous routine clinical data, which may facilitate the automated triage of urgent examinations and enable support in the treatment decision.. Key points. ...
The CT (Computed Tomography) scan or the CAT (Computer-Aided Tomography) scan is a diagnostic procedure that takes a detailed cross-sectional x-ray picture of a slice of the body.. To get a CT scan, the patient lies very still on a table, which is slowly moved horizontally while the x-ray machine rotates around the patient and takes pictures from many angles. A computer then combines the pictures into a very detailed cross-sectional image. The length of the procedure depends on the areas to be x-rayed. For the chest area, the procedure takes about 20 seconds.. CT scans can show the shape, size and the exact location of organs and tissues in any slice of the body more clearly than other diagnostic tools. This technique can help find enlarged lymph nodes, which might contain cancer that has spread from the lung. CT scans are more sensitive than routine chest x-rays in finding early lung cancers. CT scans are also used in detecting masses in the liver, adrenal glands, brain and other internal ...
The NIOSH BViewer© is used for the evaluation and classification of digital images (DICOM format only) of the chest for the pneumoconioses, using International Labour Office (ILO) reference chest images. It is provided to support health care practitioners in their management of digital posterior-anterior radiographic chest images used in occupational medical monitoring programs. The software is only intended to assist the user in assembling and organizing the information required to make medical decisions, and cannot be substituted for competent and informed professional judgment.. Spirometry Longitudinal Data Analysis (SPIROLA) Software ...
AuntMinnie.com is the largest and most comprehensive community Web site for medical imaging professionals worldwide. Radiologists, technologists, administrators, and industry professionals can find information and conduct e-commerce in MRI, mammography, ultrasound, x-ray, CT, nuclear medicine, PACS, and other imaging disciplines.
The current investigation will address some similar factors considered in prior research, but will considerably extend our understanding of how psychological, familial, and environmental factors influence noncardiac chest pain. In this investigation, a number of variables that have not been considered in prior research in this area will be included. Among these child variables are: the childrens pain coping strategies, the childrens somatization behaviors aside from chest pain, the childrens externalizing symptoms (e.g., symptoms of ADHD, oppositional defiant disorder), school related problems, social competencies, parental perceptions of the childs vulnerability, functional disability (the degree to which chest pain interferes with normal daily functioning), and the childs health care utilization. Also, a more sensitive quantification of the childrens frequency and intensity of chest pain will be collected, as well as information on situations in which the pain occurs. Parent report of ...
The introduction of digital CXR with automated computer-aided interpretation, has given impetus to the role of CXR in TB screening, particularly in low resource, high-burden settings. The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of CAD4TB as a screening tool, implemented in the private sector in Karachi, Pakistan. This study analyzed retrospective data from CAD4TB and Xpert MTB/RIF testing carried out at two private TB treatment and diagnostic centers in Karachi. Sensitivity, specificity, potential Xperts saved, were computed and the receiver operator characteristic curves were constructed for four different models of CAD4TB. A total of 6,845 individuals with presumptive TB were enrolled in the study, 15.2% of which had MTB + ve result on Xpert. A high sensitivity (range 65.8-97.3%) and NPV (range 93.1-98.4%) were recorded for CAD4TB. The Area under the ROC curve (AUC) for CAD4TB was 0.79. CAD4TB with patient demographics (age and gender) gave an AUC of 0.83. CAD4TB offered high ...
RiTradiology.com ดูแลรักษาโดยและเป็นของ น.พ.รัฐชัย แก้วลาย. โลโก้ RiTradiology.com เป็นลิขสิทธิ์ของ น.พ.รัฐชัย แก้วลาย. ข้อมูลส่วนตัวของคุณถือเป็นความลับและจะไม่ถูกเผยแพร่ไปยังบุคคลที่สาม. ข้อมูลใน RiTradiology.com ใช้เป็นแนวทาง, ไม่ใช่เพื่อทดแทน, การให้การวินิจฉัย, รักษาและคำแนะนำสำหรับผู้ป่วย. แพทย์ของคุณอาจให้คำแนะนำในการวินิจฉัยหรือรักษาเป็นอย่างอื่นขึ้นกับข้อมูลและสถานการณ์นั้นๆ. ...
Respiration. Anatomy and Radiology. Lets start with a google search for respiratory anatomy images.. AnatomyZone has a wonderful collection of videos and 3D representations of human anatomy including the larynx and respiratory system.. Radiology basics can be found at Dr. Chandrasekhars Loyola University introduction to Chest Radiology, chestx-ray.com, usuhs basic chest review, these Uni Virginia Radiology courses on Chest X-Rays , ICU Chest Film interpretation, chest CT interpretation and CTPA.RadiologyMasterClass.. Afterwards test your knowledge at CIDER.. Radiologyeducation.com and Health on the Net include a number of educational sites.. There are a number of annotated Chest X-Ray libraries. Try RadioPaedia.org and the collaborative hypertextbook of radiology.. Basics of laryngeal anatomy can be found at Emory, York, AirwayCam, AnatomyZone, Grays Anatomy and others.. Physiology. Johns Hopkins School of Medicine has a fantastic set of pages on Respiratory Physiology. For a graphically rich ...
In the suspected or confirmed COVID-19 patients chest imaging played a significant role by helping in early diagnosis and the treatment planning. Most of the COVID-19 patients showed typical findings of pneumonia on Chest X-ray.. Though CT scan of the chest is more reliable for COVID-19 diagnosis but it is not a readily available resource. Even when it is available it is not as feasible as an x-ray for patients and it requires detailed training for quick diagnosis. On the other hand chest x-ray is an easier way to immediately diagnose COVID-19 when suspected and should be promoted as a tool.. Chest x-ray has a reasonably good sensitivity and can be used as an empirical method in the emergency setting, reducing risk of ICU admission.. The findings seen most frequently are the airspace opacity described as consolidation or ground-glass opacity present bilaterally on the lower lobe mainly. COVID 19 is spreading globally very rapidly and massively. The whole medical fraternity is under pressure to ...
Because of their high zinc content modern U.S. pennies that become lodged in the esophagus may react with stomach acid thereby damaging the esophageal mucosa. Management of esophageal pennies may therefore differ from that of other esophageal coins making differentiation of pennies from other coins important. We reviewed the records of 111 children who underwent endoscopic esophageal coin removal over a 19-year period to determine the ability of history and size of esophageal coin images on posterior-anterior and lateral chest radiographs alone and in combination to differentiate esophageal pennies from other esophageal coins ...
Chest X-ray is abnormal in the majority of patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH); however, there is no correlation between the severity of PH and the findings on chest X-ray. Findings of PH on chest X-ray include pulmonary artery dilatation and right sided enlargement of the heart. Chest X-ray allows the exclusion of left heart disease and lung disease that can lead to group 2 and group 3 PH, respectively. ...
Tuberculosis is an infectious disease and becomes a major threat all over the world but still diagnosis of tuberculosis is a challenging task. In literature, chest radiographs are considered as most commonly used medical images in under developed countries for the diagnosis of TB. Different methods have been proposed but they are not helpful for radiologists due to cost and accuracy issues. Our paper presents a methodology in which different combinations of features are extracted based on intensities, shape and texture of chest radiograph and given to classifier for the detection of TB. The performance of our methodology is evaluated using publically available standard dataset Montgomery Country (MC) which contains 138 CXRs among which 80 CXRs are normal and 58 CXRs are abnormal including effusion and miliary patterns etc. The accuracy of 81.16% was achieved and the results show that proposed method have outperformed existing state of the art methods on MC dataset ...
Pneumonia is either the first or second most common ventilator-associated event (VAE) seen in the pediatric intensive care unit. The reported incidence varies widely among studies (from 0.3 to 45.1 per 1,000 ventilator days). The lack of a consistent, gold-standard definition for what had been traditionally referred to as ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) plays a large part in this variance.. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) defines VAP as a positive bacterial culture from a tracheal aspirate (more than 104 colony-forming units [cfu] from a sample obtained via bronchoalveolar lavage) and/or purulent secretions (more than 25 neutrophils and fewer than 10 epithelial cells per low-power field) in a patient who requires mechanical ventilation and has acutely worsening oxygenation. However, other investigators have defined VAP by the presence of pathogenic bacteria in tracheal aspirate in conjunction with new chest radiographic findings and fever or leukocytosis. Studies ...
Clinical and chest radiographic findings were recorded prospectively in 185 children with cough who attended an outpatient clinic in Papua New Guinea. Children were studied if they were between 8 weeks and 6 years of age; patients with wheeze, stridor, measles, or pertussis were excluded. 56 childre …
TY - JOUR. T1 - Automated integer programming based separation of arteries and veins from thoracic CT images. AU - Payer, Christian. AU - Pienn, Michael. AU - Bálint, Zoltán. AU - Shekhovtsov, Oleksandr. AU - Talakic, Emina. AU - Nagy, Eszter. AU - Olschewski, Andrea. AU - Olschewski, Horst. AU - Urschler, Martin. N1 - Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.. PY - 2016/12. Y1 - 2016/12. N2 - Automated computer-aided analysis of lung vessels has shown to yield promising results for non-invasive diagnosis of lung diseases. To detect vascular changes which affect pulmonary arteries and veins differently, both compartments need to be identified. We present a novel, fully automatic method that separates arteries and veins in thoracic computed tomography images, by combining local as well as global properties of pulmonary vessels. We split the problem into two parts: the extraction of multiple distinct vessel subtrees, and their subsequent labeling into arteries and veins. Subtree ...
Survey and monitoring of usage of chest radiography and chest ultrasonography in the cardiothoracic perioperative setting. Zlatka Belamarić, Aatif Husain, Giampaolo Martinelli, Gerry Van Rensburg, Greta Giuliano, Suresh Sanapala. St Bartholomews Hospital, Barts NHS Trust, London, United Kingdom. Introduction. Respiratory complications remain a leading cause of post cardiac surgical morbidity and can prolong hospital stay and increase costs. Conventional lung imaging in critically ill patients are bedside CXR and lung CT. Lung US is also a tool for assessing lung status in critically ill patients and can be easily used and repeated at the bedside, allowing the effects of therapy to be monitored, as highlighted in the International evidence-based recommendations for point-of-care lung ultrasound published in 2012.. Objectives. 1) To survey if the LUS is utilised in the contexts where it is supported by the literature to be superior and more effective than CXR. 2) To compare if the different ...
In addition to the Transfer policy published in the CCC and TI Catalog, students applying for transfer into the radiography program shall meet the general admission, progression/dismissal, and graduation requirements according to radiography specific policies. Due to a standardized radiography curriculum in the North Carolina Community College System (NCCCS), a lateral transfer from a hospital or university based, private or out-of-state radiography program cannot be guaranteed. Neither can a lateral transfer from an NCCCS radiography program be automatically assumed. Therefore, serious students need to be willing to spend two more years @ CCCTI in pursuit of their dream.. The radiography director evaluates the students radiography transcript to determine the total number of possible radiography courses or credits allowed for transfer credit. Transfer students must meet the 2.5 GPA academic requirement in all RAD and related courses in the radiography curriculum. In the best interest of the ...
Shadow on leaves-6 Photo & image by Tad Kanazaki ᐅ View and rate this photo free at fotocommunity.de. Discover more images here.
Source URL: https://www.tattoofilter.com/p/21365 Dotwork face and shadow on the left inner forearm. Tattoo artist: Paweł Indulski · Dotyk
There are dark shadows on the earth, but its lights are stronger in the contrast. - Charles Dickens quotes from BrainyQuote.com
Some years ago, when I was an SHO, I questioned a consultant about the reasons for requesting a routine chest x ray on a patient who was clinically well. I was told that it was important to keep one step ahead of the patient. That response satisfied me at the time, and I have used the quote from time to time when explaining to parents the reasons for undertaking investigations in children who have no overt clinical problems. Nowadays, clinicians and families are likely to require more tangible evidence of benefit before agreeing to children undergoing detailed investigations, particularly if these may be uncomfortable or distressing. Jaffe et als retrospective review is therefore a welcome attempt to address this issue with respect to routine annual blood tests in young children with cystic fibrosis (CF).. Annual review of patients with CF has been practised for some time in most CF centres in the UK and is now recommended by national guidelines.1 The aims of annual review are numerous, but ...
Pneumonia remains a common source of morbidity and mortality in children. A key question in the diagnostic evaluation of children with acute respiratory illness is whether chest radiography should be performed to rule in or rule out the diagnosis of pneumonia. Radiologically, pneumonia is defined as an infiltrate seen on chest radiography in a child with symptoms of an acute respiratory illness.
I had a CT Scan done last week with found scattered nodules 3 mm to 6 mm in size with ground-glass opacities + moderate emphysema. Does this mean I have lung cancer? I am 56 years old and have only s...
For validation, we first use synthetically generated airways and vessels produced by the proposed generative model to compute the relative error and directly evaluate the accuracy of CNR in comparison with traditional methods. Then, in-vivo validation is performed by analyzing the association between the percentage of the predicted forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1\%) and the value of the Pi10 parameter, two well-known measures of lung function and airway disease, for airways. For vessels, we assess the correlation between our estimate of the small-vessel blood volume and the lungs diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide (DLCO ...
EDITORIAL Genes in their environment: how can we read the riddles? Andrew Bush. MB BS (Hons) MA MD FRCP FRCPCH. Professor of Paediatric Respirology, Imperial School of Medicine, National Heart and Lung Institute, London, UK. Honorary Consultant Paediatric Chest Physician, Royal Brompton Hospital, London, UK Once upon a time, as all the best childrens stories begin, a lot of clever geneticists began a huge hunt for the asthma gene. At first they thought they had found it, but then more and more of the hunters found different asthma genes, and sometimes some gene hunters could not find the gene that previous hunters thought was the key one. Life became more and more confusing, and the root causes, which should have been thought of right from the start, have only recently begun to be identified. These include that there are many types of asthma, not likely all to have the same background, and thus careful clinical phenotyping is essential; that genes do not operate in isolation, but in their ...
This study proposes a novel automated method for cardiomegaly detection in chest X-rays (CXRs). The algorithm has two main stages: i) heart and lung region localization on CXRs, and ii) radiographic index extraction from the heart and lung boundaries. We employed a lung detection algorithm and extended it to automatically compute the heart boundaries. The typical models of heart and lung regions are learned using a public CXR dataset with boundary markings. The method estimates the location of these regions in candidate (patient) CXR images by registering models to the patient CXR.
We scurried back to the clinic to meet with Dr. Pulmonary Oncologist. This ended up being every minute worth the drive and the wait! He pulled up images of my chest CT from last February and from the recent scan. The chest CT is always taken at the same time as the PET scan. The difference between the two types of images is that the PET is colored based on the radioactivity that my cells take up, but the chest CT is more like a standard x-ray. So although the PET scan showed completely normal cellular activity, Dr. Pulmonary Oncologist scrutinized the CT images for abnormalities, which he found and showed to me. He put my pre-chemo chest CT on the left, then my January 2015 chest CT on the right. He had used the glowing data from the PET scan to find the suspected cancer nodules on the old chest CT. Then he found the matching image on the recent chest CT. What he pointed out to me is that when you look at the two CTs side by side, you can still see a trace of each nodule. He said that they are ...
Thus initial antimicrobial therapy is often empirical and is based on the setting in which the infection was acquired, the clinical presentation, patterns of abnormality on chest radiography, results of staining of sputum or other infected body fluids, and current patterns of susceptibility of the suspected pathogens to antimicrobial agents. After the etiologic agent is identified, specific antimicrobial therapy can be chosen.. Defense Mechanisms. The lung is a complex structure composed of aggregates of units that are formed by the progressive branching of the airways. Approximately 80% of the cells lining the central airways are ciliated, pseudostratified, columnar epithelial cells; the percentage decreases in the peripheral airways. Each ciliated cell contains about 200 cilia that beat in coordinated waves ~1000 times per minute, with a fast forward stroke and a slower backward recovery. Ciliary motion is also coordinated between adjacent cells so that each wave is propagated toward the ...
Why Low Dose CT Vs. Standard CT or a Chest X-ray?. Standard CT scans of the chest provide more detailed pictures than chest x-rays and are better at finding small abnormalities in the lungs. Low-dose CT of the chest uses lower amounts of radiation than a standard chest CT but it is more than the dose from a chest x-ray. So LDCT is a balance, offering the detail closer to standard CT with the radiation dose closer to a chest x-ray.. Do all imaging centers provide Low Dose CT Lung Cancer Screening?. No. Not all imaging centers have Low Dose CT scanners. Screening should only be done at facilities that have the right type of CT scanner and have developed a proper Low Dose CT imaging protocol specific for Lung Cancer Screening. University Medical Imaging was the first to provide Low Dose CT to the Rochester Community in 2006 and is the community leader in reduced dose CT.. Is this test right for me?. Low Dose CT Lung Cancer Screening is not recommended for everyone. Individuals interested in ...
Why Low Dose CT Vs. Standard CT or a Chest X-ray?. Standard CT scans of the chest provide more detailed pictures than chest x-rays and are better at finding small abnormalities in the lungs. Low-dose CT of the chest uses lower amounts of radiation than a standard chest CT but it is more than the dose from a chest x-ray. So LDCT is a balance, offering the detail closer to standard CT with the radiation dose closer to a chest x-ray.. Do all imaging centers provide Low Dose CT Lung Cancer Screening?. No. Not all imaging centers have Low Dose CT scanners. Screening should only be done at facilities that have the right type of CT scanner and have developed a proper Low Dose CT imaging protocol specific for Lung Cancer Screening. University Medical Imaging was the first to provide Low Dose CT to the Rochester Community in 2006 and is the community leader in reduced dose CT.. Is this test right for me?. Low Dose CT Lung Cancer Screening is not recommended for everyone. Individuals interested in ...
Among horses with diagnosed EMPF, thoracic radiography have shown several changes. Generalized mixed interstitial and nodular ... Thoracic ultrasonography have demonstrated a bilaterally generalized pleural roughening, several comet tails and multiple, ...
The L3 larvae take about a week to 10 days reach the thoracic aorta via the coeliac arteries. Once in the aorta, they reside ... Radiography and CT (Computed tomography) are useful tools in the diagnosis of spirocercosis. Radiographically, the mass may be ... Efficacy of treatment should be confirmed by radiography and/or follow-up endoscopy. Sialoadenitis responds to treatment with ... Nonetheless, it can be diagnosed in most cases by a combination of careful questioning, thoracic radiographs, fibre-scope ( ...
Images of the thoracic spine can be taken if a patient's history and physical suggest thoracic involvement. Plain radiography ... Retrolistheses are found most prominently in the cervical and lumbar region, but can also be seen in the thoracic area. ... Once imaging is deemed necessary, a combination of plain radiography, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging may ...
In projectional radiography an AEC system uses one or more physically thin radiation ionization chambers (the "AEC detector") ... "Radiation dose optimization and thoracic computed tomography". Radiologic Clinics of North America. 52 (1): 1-15. doi:10.1016/j ... Doyle, P; Martin, C J (7 November 2006). "Calibrating automatic exposure control devices for digital radiography". Physics in ... Carroll, Quinn B. (2014). Radiography in the digital age: physics, exposure, radiation biology (2nd ed.). Springfield, IL: ...
Chest radiography may demonstrate a change in the morphology of the thoracic aorta which can be seen in aortic dissection. ... "Ritter Rules". Thoracic Aortic Disease Coalition. Archived from the original on 5 January 2016. Retrieved 6 January 2016. "John ... The rules were named for Three's Company actor John Ritter, who died from a thoracic aortic dissection in 2003. Ritter was ... ISBN 978-1-4051-8039-9. Wanga S, Silversides C, Dore A, de Waard V, Mulder B (January 2016). "Pregnancy and Thoracic Aortic ...
wall') covers the inside of the thoracic wall, which include the inner surface of the rib cage and the upper surface of the ... which has diagnostic significance on plain radiography. The mediastinal pleura is the portion covering the lateral surfaces of ... The parietal pleura lines the inner surfaces of the thoracic cavity on each side of the mediastinum, and can be subdivided into ... bulges beyond the thoracic inlet into the posterior triangle of the neck, where it is covered by an extension of the ...
He intensified research on thoracic radiography for the purpose of early diagnosis of tubercular lesions, but the results were ... Abreu's ideas for a new mass screening radiography apparatus was made true by the construction of a first device by the Lohner ... In 1916, Abreu started to work at the Hôtel-Dieu and had his first contact with medical radiography, which had been discovered ... The first service of Thoracic Census was established in 1937. The first results indicated the usefulness of abreugraphy: the ...
... and Oral Surgery Thoracic Surgery Urology Nursing Training Medical Technology Medical Imaging Technology or Radiography ... Maxilofacial and Oral Surgery Thoracic Surgery Urology Dr.Med.Sc. degree General Medicine General Surgery Orthopaedics and ... Department of Radiation Oncology Department of Respiratory Medicine Department of Rheumatology Department of Thoracic Surgery ...
... it has been recommended to perform projectional radiography of the neck, chest, shoulder, and thoracic inlet to rule out ... The long thoracic nerve innervates the serratus anterior; therefore, damage to or impingement of this nerve can result in ... This is typically due to damage (i.e. lesions) of the long thoracic nerve. This nerve supplies the serratus anterior, which is ... There are numerous ways in which the long thoracic nerve can sustain trauma-induced injury. These include, but are not limited ...
Sclerosis of the bones of the thoracic spine due to prostate cancer metastases (CT image) Osteosclerosis can be detected with a ... simple radiography. There are white portions of the bone which appear due to the increased number of bone trabeculae.[citation ... SOST-related sclerosing bone dysplasias Sclerosis of the bones of the thoracic spine due to prostate cancer metastases (CT ...
Thoracic Spine - AP and Lateral in the UK. In the US, an AP and Lateral are basic projections. Obliques 20 degrees from lateral ... Projectional radiography, also known as conventional radiography, is a form of radiography and medical imaging that produces ... Plain radiography can also refer to radiography without a radiocontrast agent or radiography that generates single static ... Plain radiography can also refer to radiography without a radiocontrast agent or radiography that generates single static ...
Conventional chest radiography vs dual-energy computed radiography in the detection and charakterization of pulmonary nodules. ... MACMAHON, H. Advanced image processing and CAD: Are we there yet?. Journal of Thoracic Imaging, 2008, čís. 23, s. 75-6. ... Journal of Thoracic Imaging, 2008, čís. 23, s. 86-92. Dostupné online. ...
Mazcuri M, Ahmad T, Abid A, Thapaliya P, Ali M, Ali N (October 2020). "Pattern and outcome of thoracic injuries in a busy ... "Hemothorax Workup: Approach Considerations, Laboratory Studies, Chest Radiography". emedicine.medscape.com. Retrieved 13 Jul ... Rarely, a rupture of the thoracic aorta can result in a hemothorax, but the bleeding usually occurs in the pericardial space. ... In cases caused by uncomplicated thoracic trauma, the prognosis may be good, but the prognosis is worse in cases that are ...
All patients with situs ambiguus lack lateralization and symmetry of organs in the abdominal and thoracic cavities and are ... Pathophysiology in the bronchial tree can be observed by radiography. Under normal development, the bronchial tree consists of ... "Outcome of 200 patients after an extracardiac Fontan procedure". The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery. 136 (1): ... Diagnostic criteria for atrial isomerism includes observation of symmetry of thoracic visceral organs upon echocardiogram, ...
However, radiography is relatively insensitive to detection of early disease and requires a substantial amount of bone loss ( ... Involvement of multiple vertebral bodies leads to kyphosis of the thoracic spine, leading to what is known as dowager's hump.[ ... Frequent complications of osteoporosis are vertebral fractures for which spinal radiography can help considerably in diagnosis ... Conventional radiography is useful, both by itself and in conjunction with CT or MRI, for detecting complications of osteopenia ...
... radiography, interventional MeSH E01.370.350.700.730 - radiography, thoracic MeSH E01.370.350.700.730.100 - bronchography MeSH ... radiography, bitewing MeSH E01.370.350.700.720.720 - radiography, dental, digital MeSH E01.370.350.700.720.750 - radiography, ... radiography, dental, digital MeSH E01.370.350.700.700.700 - radiography, dual-energy scanned projection MeSH E01.370.350.700. ... radiography, dental, digital MeSH E01.370.350.600.350.700.700 - radiography, dual-energy scanned projection MeSH E01.370. ...
Kim DH, Ludwig SC, Vaccaro A, Elsevier, 2008 Chen, M, Qureshi S, Hecht AC: Anterior Thoracic Corpectomy, Operative Techniques ... Importance of plain film radiography in the evaluation of low back pain and radiculopathy due to recurrent lumbar disc ... Qureshi S, Hecht AC: Anterior approach to the thoracic spine, Operative Techniques in Orthopaedic Surgery, ed. Weisel S, ... thoracic and lumbar spine, minimally invasive spinal surgery, microsurgery, spine trauma and tumors. Research areas include ...
... is a scoring system to determine the need to surgically treat a spinal fracture of thoracic or lumbar vertebrae. The score is ... "Canadian C-spine rule and the National Emergency X-Radiography Utilization Study (NEXUS) for detecting clinically important ... fracture through the spinous process of a vertebra occurring at any of the lower cervical or upper thoracic vertebrae Burst ... Vertebral fractures of the thoracic vertebrae, lumbar vertebrae or sacrum are usually associated with major trauma and can ...
CT findings of thoracic involvement". European Radiology. 20 (11): 2579-87. doi:10.1007/s00330-010-1830-7. PMID 20563815. S2CID ... high-resolution radiography, and pathologic correlation". Clinical Imaging. 33 (2): 150-3. doi:10.1016/j.clinimag.2008.09.009. ...
For example, heart attack and thoracic aortic dissection are very rare in healthy individuals under 30 years of age, but ... Hess EP, Perry JJ, Ladouceur P, Wells GA, Stiell IG (March 2010). "Derivation of a clinical decision rule for chest radiography ... thoracic aortic dissection, esophageal rupture, tension pneumothorax, and cardiac tamponade. By elimination or confirmation of ... and magnetic resonance imaging for suspected thoracic aortic dissection: systematic review and meta-analysis". Archives of ...
For example, heart attack and thoracic aortic dissection are very rare in healthy individuals under 30 years of age, but ... "Derivation of a clinical decision rule for chest radiography in emergency department patients with chest pain and possible ... Da costa's syndrome Carbon monoxide poisoning Sarcoidosis Lead poisoning Prolapsed intervertebral disc Thoracic outlet syndrome ... thoracic aortic dissection, esophageal rupture, tension pneumothorax, and cardiac tamponade. By elimination or confirmation of ...
American Thoracic Society (September 2004). "Diagnosis and initial management of nonmalignant diseases related to asbestos". Am ... CT or high-resolution CT (HRCT) are more sensitive than plain radiography at detecting pulmonary fibrosis (as well as any ... According to the American Thoracic Society (ATS), the general diagnostic criteria for asbestosis are:[11] ...
"ACR Recommendations for the use of Chest Radiography and Computed Tomography (CT) for Suspected COVID-19 Infection". American ... Journal of Thoracic Oncology: Official Publication of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer. PMID 32194247 ...
Classic film-based radiography achieves this by the variable chemical changes that the X-rays induce in the film, and classic ... Thoracic fluoroscopy using handheld fluorescent screen, 1909. No radiation protection is used, as the dangers of X-rays were ... However, today radiography, CT, and fluoroscopy are all digital imaging modes with image analysis software and data storage and ... Fluoroscopy is similar to radiography and X-ray computed tomography (X-ray CT) in that it generates images using X-rays. The ...
Thoracic Surgery Sector" (PDF). Khanna G, Jaju A, Don S, Keys T, Hildebolt CF (November 2010). "Comparison of Haller index ... "The case for using the correction index obtained from chest radiography for evaluation of pectus excavatum". Journal of ...
It should include first thoracic vertebra. CT scan or X-ray images are evaluated for the presence or absence of directly ... Hoffman JR, Wolfson AB, Todd K, Mower WR (1998). "Selective cervical spine radiography in blunt trauma: methodology of the ... National Emergency X-Radiography Utilization Study) criteria. Excluding a cervical spinal injury requires clinical judgement ... "The utility of flexion-extension radiography for the detection of ligamentous cervical spine injury and its current role in the ...
Brown CV, Antevil JL, Sise MJ, Sack DI (May 2005). "Spiral computed tomography for the diagnosis of cervical, thoracic, and ... Gale SC, Gracias VH, Reilly PM, Schwab CW (November 2005). "The inefficiency of plain radiography to evaluate the cervical ... the first being the National Emergency X-Radiography Utilization Study (NEXUS) and the second, the Canadian C-Spine Rule (CCR ...
The transverse thoracic plane, thoracic plane, plane of Louis or plane of Ludwig is an important anatomical plane at the level ... "Chest radiography for the diagnosis of acute aortic syndrome". Am J Med. 116 (2): 73-7. doi:10.1016/j.amjmed.2003.08.030. PMID ... The superior mediastinum starts at the superior thoracic aperture and ends at the thoracic plane. The inferior mediastinum from ... The thoracic duct crossing the midline from right to left behind the esophagus The end of the pretracheal and prevertebral ...
Ammendolia C, Taylor JA, Pennick V, Côté P, Hogg-Johnson S, Bombardier C (2008). "Adherence to radiography guidelines for low ... Huisman PA, Speksnijder CM, de Wijer A (January 2013). "The effect of thoracic spine manipulation on pain and disability in ... Cross KM, Kuenze C, Grindstaff TL, Hertel J (September 2011). "Thoracic spine thrust manipulation improves pain, range of ... Chiropractors use x-ray radiography to examine the bone structure of a patient. ...
"Proceedings of the American Thoracic Society. 8 (3): 294-300. doi:10.1513/pats.201009-062WR. PMC 3132788. PMID 21653531.. CS1 ... radiography ng dibdib at mga pagsusuri sa dugo-kabilang ang isang kumpletong blood count, mga serum elektrolyte, lebel ng C- ... American Thoracic, Society (1 March 2007). "Infectious Diseases Society of America/American Thoracic Society consensus ... American Thoracic Society; Infectious Diseases Society of America (2005). "Guidelines for the management of adults with ...
Projectional radiography. References[edit]. *^ a b c d Dislocations. Lucile Packard Children's Hospital at Stanford. Retrieved ...
The knee of a person is examined with the help of radiography after an injury. ... Thoracic aorta injury. *Biliary injury. *Chest injury. *Asphyxia. By activityEdit. *Reverse bite injury ...
In projectional radiography terminology, an anteroposterior (AP) projection is taken with the X-ray generator anteriorly (such ... at the level of the fourth thoracic vertebra "T4", and at the level of the third lumbar vertebra "L3". Because the sacrum and ...
Since 2004 radiology image viewing has been added to the ePR, with radiography images from any HA site being available as part ...
... is one form of radiography, along with many other forms of tomographic and non-tomographic radiography. ... Simpson G (2009). "Thoracic computed tomography: principles and practice". Australian Prescriber. 32 (4): 4. doi:10.18773/ ... There are several advantages that CT has over traditional 2D medical radiography. First, CT completely eliminates the ... American College of Chest Physicians; American Thoracic Society (September 2013), "Five Things Physicians and Patients Should ...
... and no evidence was found to exist for treatment of thoracic radiculopathy.[17] Evidence also supports consideration of ... The American College of Radiology recommends that projectional radiography is the most appropriate initial study in all ...
"Journal of Thoracic Disease. 5 (Suppl. 5): S454-S462. doi:10.3978/j.issn.2072-1439.2013.08.06. PMC 3804872 . PMID 24163739.. ... these cancers are incidentally found on routine chest radiography.[16] ... "Journal of Thoracic Disease. 7 (Suppl. 4): S380-S388. doi:10.3978/j.issn.2072-1439.2015.12.55. PMC 4700383 . PMID 26807285.. ... Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery. 15 (1): 4-9. PMID 19262443. Archived (PDF) from the original on 9 May 2012.. ...
... s are then often imaged, called radiography. This might include ultrasound X-ray, CT scan, MRI scan and other imaging such ... Thoracic cage. *Thoracic inlet. *Thoracic outlet. *Intercostal space. *Costal margin. *Infrasternal angle ...
The anterior portion is the homologue of the rib in the thoracic region, and is therefore named the costal process or costal ... "Degeneration of the cervical disc: histology compared with radiography and magnetic resonance imaging" (PDF). Neuroradiology ... Truncal vertebrae (divided into thoracic and lumbar vertebrae in mammals) lie caudal (toward the tail) of cervical vertebrae.[1 ... cervical vertebrae are the smallest of the true vertebrae and can be readily distinguished from those of the thoracic or lumbar ...
Now replacing Film-Screen radiography is Digital Radiography, DR, in which x-rays strike a plate of sensors which then converts ... Examples of sub-speciality training in radiology include abdominal imaging, thoracic imaging, cross sectional/ultrasound, MRI, ... In Film-Screen radiography an x-ray tube generates a beam of x-rays which is aimed at the patient. The x-rays which pass ... Príomhalt: Projectional radiography. Radiographs (or roentgenographs, named after the discoverer of x-rays, Wilhelm Conrad ...
Film-screen radiography is being replaced by phosphor plate radiography but more recently by digital radiography (DR) and the ... Examples of subspeciality training in radiology include abdominal imaging, thoracic imaging, cross-sectional/ultrasound, MRI, ... In film-screen radiography, an X-ray tube generates a beam of X-rays, which is aimed at the patient. The X-rays that pass ... In digital radiography the sensors shape a plate, but in the EOS system, which is a slot-scanning system, a linear sensor ...
"ACR Recommendations for the use of Chest Radiography and Computed Tomography (CT) for Suspected COVID-19 Infection". American ... Journal of Thoracic Oncology: Official Publication of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer. doi:10.1016/j ... "ACR Recommendations for the use of Chest Radiography and Computed Tomography (CT) for Suspected COVID-19 Infection". American ...
It fixes the scapula into the thoracic wall and aids in rotation and abduction of the shoulders.[citation needed] ... Projectional radiography views of the shoulder include: AP-projection 40° posterior oblique after Grashey. The body has to be ... They arise from the spinous processes of the thoracic vertebrae T1 to T5 as well as from the spinous processes of the seventh ... A large muscle that arises form the spinous processes of the lower six thoracic vertebrae, lumbar and all sacral vertebrae, and ...
The cervical discs are affected 8% of the time and the upper-to-mid-back (thoracic) discs only 1-2% of the time.[54] ... Projectional radiography (X-ray imaging): Although traditional plain X-rays are limited in their ability to image soft tissues ... thoracic or lumbar spinal cord. This measurement is called Central Conduction Time (CCT). TMS can aid physicians to: ... The thoracic region accounts for only 0.15% to 4.0% of cases. Herniations usually occur posterolaterally, where the anulus ...
The lymphatic system does eventually drain from the thoracic duct and right lymphatic duct into the systemic venous system at ... The skeleton was analyzed using radiography and a scanning electron microscope. These findings were published in the Public ...
Sutyak JP, Wohltmann CD, Larson J (2007). "Pulmonary contusions and critical care management in thoracic trauma". Thoracic ... Signs detectable by radiography are usually gone within 10 days after the injury-when they are not, other conditions, such as ... Although chest radiography is an important part of the diagnosis, it is often not sensitive enough to detect the condition ... Other indications of thoracic trauma may be associated, including fracture of the sternum and bruising of the chest wall. Over ...
Gupta, S.D.; Gibbins, F.J.; Sen, I. (1985). "Routine chest radiography in the elderly". Age and Ageing. 14 (1): 11-14. doi: ... cutting the skull for brain surgery or cutting the sternum for thoracic (chest) surgery to open up the rib cage. Whilst in ... "Lack of clinical relevance of routine chest radiography in acute psychiatric admissions". General Hospital Psychiatry. 24 (2): ...
Like all methods of radiography, chest radiography employs ionizing radiation in the form of X-rays to generate images of the ... Appropriate penetration of the film can be assessed by faint visualization of the thoracic spines and lung markings behind the ... In the UK, the standard chest radiography protocol is to take an erect posteroanterior view only and a lateral one only on ... For some conditions of the chest, radiography is good for screening but poor for diagnosis. When a condition is suspected based ...
The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery. 138: 674-7 *^ 19.0 19.1 19.2 Woo KM, Schneider JI. High-risk chief ... Chest radiography for the diagnosis of acute aortic syndrome. Am J Med. 2004, 116 (2): 73-7. PMID 14715319. doi:10.1016/j. ... 在受損主動脈段插入一個覆膜支架,如:在胸主動脈腔內修復(thoracic endovascular aortic repair,TEVAR)使用。它通常是和正在進行的藥物治療一起使用。 ... Dissection of the descending thoracic aorta extending into
Pathologist performing a human dissection of the abdominal and thoracic organs in an autopsy room. ... which uses the imaging technologies of X-ray radiography) magnetic resonance imaging, medical ultrasonography (or ultrasound), ... pathology that deals with diagnosis and characterization of neoplastic and non-neoplastic diseases of the lungs and thoracic ... or video-assisted thoracic surgery. These tests can be necessary to diagnose between infection, inflammation, or fibrotic ...
Radiography[edit]. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable ...
It is often supplemented by an upright PA view of the chest (to rule out air under the diaphragm or thoracic etiologies ... Boermeester, Marie A; Gans, Sarah L.; Stoker, J; Boermeester, Marie A (2012). "Plain abdominal radiography in acute abdominal ...
These advancements, along with developments in chemistry, genetics, and radiography led to modern medicine. Medicine was ... surgical treatment and prognosis of thoracic empyema, i.e. suppuration of the lining of the chest cavity. His teachings remain ...
Carnett thought that lower abdominal pain was commonly caused by the lower six thoracic nerves and wanted to be able to ... In cases where the diagnosis is suspected but clinically unconfirmed, additional investigation using radiography or ... thoracic disk herniations, anterior cutaneous nerve entrapment, rib-tip syndrome, myofascial pain, trigger points and rectus ...
... chest radiography may be the only imaging required. Approximately 60-70% of patients with sarcoidosis have characteristic ... For patients with thoracic sarcoidosis, when chest radiographic imaging results are correlated with the clinical findings, ... encoded search term (Thoracic Sarcoidosis Imaging) and Thoracic Sarcoidosis Imaging What to Read Next on Medscape. Related ... Because the disease so often involves thoracic structures, chest radiography plays a crucial role in the diagnosis, staging, ...
Common causes of thoracic spinal fractures include falling from a height, motor vehicle accidents, violent weather, military ... Fractures of the thoracic spine can occur whenever the spinal column is subjected to forces that exceed its strength and ... Thoracic spine trauma. Lateral radiograph of the thoracic spine of a 74-year-old woman. The kyphosis of the thoracic spine is ... Thoracic spine trauma. Lateral radiograph of the thoracic spine of a 74-year-old woman. The kyphosis of the thoracic spine is ...
Drugs & Diseases , Radiology , Thoracic Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Imaging Q&A What is the accuracy of radiography for the diagnosis ... encoded search term (What is the accuracy of radiography for the diagnosis of thoracic non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL)?) and What is ... the accuracy of radiography for the diagnosis of thoracic non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL)? What to Read Next on Medscape. Related ... Meola A, Perrini P, Montemurro N, di Russo P, Tiezzi G. Primary dumbbell-shaped lymphoma of the thoracic spine: a case report. ...
ICD-10-PCS code BR021ZZ for Plain Radiography of Thoracic Disc(s) using Low Osmolar Contrast is a medical classification as ... Plain Radiography of Thoracic Disc(s) using Low Osmolar Contrast BR021ZZ. ICD-10-PCS code BR021ZZ for Plain Radiography of ... Thoracic Disc(s) using Low Osmolar Contrast is a medical classification as listed by CMS under Axial Skeleton, Except Skull and ...
click the speakers name to view other papers and abstracts submitted by this speaker) Philip R. Fox, DVM, MSc, DACVIM, DECVIM (Cardiology), ACVECC ...
click the speakers name to view other papers and abstracts submitted by this speaker) Philip R. Fox, DVM, MSc, DACVIM/ECVIM (Cardiology), ACVECC ...
Thoracic Radiography Versus Computed Tomography: Optimizing Imaging for Respiratory Case Management. ACVIM Forum. Indianapolis ... Thoracic Radiography Versus Computed Tomography: Optimizing Imaging For Respiratory Case Management. by Heather Hill , posted ... Traditionally, thoracic radiography has been critical to help discriminate cardiac versus pulmonary disease as a cause of the ... Thoracic Radiography Versus Computed Tomography: Optimizing Imaging for Respiratory Case Management. ACVIM Forum. Indianapolis ...
Objective-To compare the detection of pulmonary nodules by use of 3-view thoracic radiography and CT in dogs with confirmed ... Comparison of three-view thoracic radiography and computed tomography for detection of pulmonary nodules in dogs with neoplasia ... Procedures-3 interpreters independently evaluated 3-view thoracic radiography images. The location and size of pulmonary ... Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value were calculated for thoracic radiography ( ...
You searched for: Subject thoracic cavity Remove constraint Subject: thoracic cavity Publication Year 2013 Remove ... constraint Publication Year: 2013 Subject radiography Remove constraint Subject: radiography Subject anesthesia Remove ... Radiography and computed tomography revealed a large thin-walled cavernous lesion with a gas-fluid interface which almost ... thoracic cavity, etc ; Holstein; anesthesia; antibiotics; calves; computed tomography; embryogenesis; lidocaine; lungs; oxygen ...
It also looks at the some of the reasons why thoracic radiographs might be needed, and at some advanced techniques of thoracic ...
Get exceptional Digital radiography services from highly experienced & loving pet care professionals in Westbury, NY. Visit ... Thoracic ultrasonography / thoracocentesis. Our hospital offers this service, but no information is available for the web site ... Digital radiography Our hospital offers this service, but no information is available for the web site at this time. Please ... X-ray energy is used in a similar manner to radiography in CT scanning. In CT imaging, the x-ray tube rotates quickly around ...
Get exceptional Digital radiography services from highly experienced & loving pet care professionals in San Diego, CA. Visit ... Thoracic ultrasonography / thoracocentesis. Ultrasound studies are most helpful to evaluate soft tissue and fluid structures. ... Digital radiography Radiographs, or x-ray studies, use x-rays to create an image of the body. This is the most frequently used ... Digital radiography does not use film, so it is faster to obtain the images and also makes it easy to share images with other ...
Digital Chest Radiography: Quality Assurance. Verschakelen, Johny; Bellon, Erwin; Deprez, Tom Verschakelen, Johny; Bellon, ... Repeat Rates in Digital Chest Radiography and Strategies for Improvement. Fintelmann, Florian; Pulli, Benjamin; Abedi-Tari, ... Dose Reduction Strategies for Thoracic Multidetector Computed Tomography: Background, Current Issues, and Recommendations. ... Thought you might appreciate this item(s) I saw at Journal of Thoracic Imaging.. ...
American Thoracic Society. Diagnosis and Initial Management of Nonmalignant Diseases Related to Asbestos. Am J Respir Crit Care ... Comparison of storage phosphor computed radiography with conventional film-screen radiography in the recognition of ... Chest Radiography in Dust-Exposed Miners: Promise and Problems, Potential and Imperfections. Occupational Medicine: State of ... used on this Web site as well as additional information related to the topics of chest radiography, the International Labour ...
Regular monitoring of blood gases, pulse, and thoracic radiography is required to monitor the cats response to the treatment. ...
Dual Energy Subtraction Digital Radiography Improves Performance of a Next Generation Computer-aided Detection Program. Balkman ... Society of Thoracic Radiology: Grown and Growing. Goodman, Lawrence R.; Goodman, Philip C.; Stern, Eric J.; More ... A History of the Japanese Society of Thoracic Radiology. Kono, Michio; Adachi, Shuji; Murata, Kiyoshi; More ... A History of the Korean Society of Thoracic Radiology. Ahn, Myeong Im; Im, Jung-Gi; Park, Chan Sup ...
Interventional Radiography. Head/Neck Angiography. 5. Thoracic Angiograpghy. 5. Coronary Angiography. 7. ... Direct Radiography[edit]. Fig. 4.5: Illustration of an active matrix array and its associated electronic circuitry housed ... Computed Radiography[edit]. We have previously described the process of photostimulable luminescence which is exploited in ... Note that clinical radiography with CR plates has been found to generate a range of unique artefacts, which are the subject of ...
Mass radiography of the chest by Herman E. Hilleboe and Russell H. Morgan.. by Hilleboe, Herman E. (Herman Ertresvaag) 1906- , ...
Thoracic Spine, AP. 3.3. 0.4. Lumbar Spine, AP. 5.2. 0.69. Lumbar Spine, LAT. 13.0. 0.29. ... Using a source-to-skin distance generally no less than 30 cm for mobile radiography and 45 cm for fixed radiography. ... Using fixed X-ray equipment as opposed to mobile radiography, when appropriate - radiography rooms generally offer a wider ... Stochastic health risk is therefore substantially higher for paediatric radiography examinations than it is for the radiography ...
Thoracic Spine - AP and Lateral in the UK.[14] In the US, an AP and Lateral are basic projections. Obliques 20 degrees from ... Plain radiography can also refer to radiography without a radiocontrast agent or radiography that generates single static ... Plain radiography can also refer to radiography without a radiocontrast agent or radiography that generates single static ... Projectional radiography is a form of radiography and medical imaging that produces two-dimensional images by x-ray radiation. ...
Low-dose spiral CT was superior to chest radiography in the screening and detection of peripheral lung cancer in high-risk ... Radiography, Thoracic * Sputum / cytology * Tomography, X-Ray Computed / economics * Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods* ... Peripheral lung cancer: screening and detection with low-dose spiral CT versus radiography Radiology. 1996 Dec;201(3):798-802. ... Purpose: To compare low-dose spiral computed tomography (CT) with radiography of the chest for the screening and detection of ...
... Chest. 2011 Oct;140(4):859-866. doi: 10.1378/ ... Objective: This study compares, by meta-analysis, the use of anterior-posterior chest radiography (CR) with transthoracic ...
CHEST RADIOGRAPHY. As reported by other groups, chest radiography was insensitive in diagnosing FA and was not independently ... The presence of FA on the HRCT scan as judged by two consultant radiologists with a special interest in thoracic HRCT scanning ... 1989) Chronic diffuse infiltrative lung disease: comparison of diagnostic accuracy of CT and chest radiography. Radiology 171: ... 1991) Comparative accuracy of HRCT and chest radiography in the diagnosis of chronic diffuse infiltrative lung disease. Clin ...
... thoracic) bones (vertebrae) of the spine. The vertebrae are separated by flat pads of cartilage called disks that provide a ... A thoracic spine x-ray is an x-ray of the 12 chest ( ... Vertebral radiography; X-ray - spine; Thoracic x-ray; Spine x- ... A thoracic spine x-ray is an x-ray of the 12 chest (thoracic) bones (vertebrae) of the spine. The vertebrae are separated by ... The x-ray machine will be moved over the thoracic area of the spine. You will hold your breath as the picture is taken, so that ...
Radiography, Abdominal / adverse effects*. Radiography, Thoracic / adverse effects*. From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U ...
Chest radiography by Simon Kinsman, California. Bureau of Radiological Health, California. Dept. of Public Health - 1973 - 86 ... Atlas of thoracic surgery - 1979 - 761 pages. Atlas of Thoracic Surgical Techniques by Joseph B. Zwischenberger - 2010 - 448 ... Anesthesia for thoracic surgery by Jonathan Benumof - 1995 - 799 pages. Anesthesia for thoracic surgery by Jonathan Benumof - ... Current Management Guidelines in Thoracic Surgery, An Issue of Thoracic Surgery Clinics by M. Blair Marshall - 2012 ...
Thoracic outlet syndrome. Ruckley, C.V. // British Medical Journal (Clinical Research Edition);8/13/1983, Vol. 287 Issue 6390, ... Variations found among hospitals in the rate of ordering radiography; Utilization of radiography in hospitals; Use and yield of ... Presents an abstract of the research manuscript `Variation in emergency department use of cervical spine radiography for alert ... Assesses the emergency departments use of cervical spine radiography for alert, stable adult trauma patients in Canada. ...
1. Preliminary Steps in Radiography. 2. General Anatomy and Radiographic Positioning Terminology 3. Thoracic Viscera: Chest and ... Mobile Radiography. 21. Surgical Radiography. 22. Pediatrics Imaging. 23. Geriatric Radiography. 24. Sectional Anatomy for ... Coverage of common and unique positioning procedures includes special chapters on trauma, surgical radiography, geriatrics/ ... This thoroughly updated text has been reorganized to emphasize all procedures found on the ARRT Radiography Exam and in the ...
1 Basics of thoracic radiography and radiology. 2 Basics of thoracic ultrasonography. ... BSAVA Manual of Canine and Feline Thoracic Imaging (US $146.99). -and- BSAVA Manual of Canine and Feline Surgical Principles: A ... A book that should appeal equally to those with limited experience of thoracic radiology and yearn to learn more, as well as ... BSAVA Manual of Canine and Feline Thoracic Imaging. Tobias Schwarz (Editor), Victoria Johnson (Editor) ...
  • For patients with thoracic sarcoidosis, when chest radiographic imaging results are correlated with the clinical findings, chest radiography may be the only imaging required. (medscape.com)
  • CT is more sensitive than chest radiography in the detection of mediastinal lymphadenopathy, and high-resolution CT (HRCT) shows subtle parenchymal lung disease with advantage. (medscape.com)
  • Because the disease so often involves thoracic structures, chest radiography plays a crucial role in the diagnosis, staging, and follow-up of sarcoidosis. (medscape.com)
  • In cases of multiple system trauma thoracic spinal fractures may be first discovered during the performance of CT of the chest and abdomen. (medscape.com)
  • In a study by Gross, the reformatting of chest CT scans and abdominopelvic CT scans were shown to provide improved sensitivity in detecting thoracic and lumbar spine fractures. (medscape.com)
  • In the study, there were 9 of 176 false-negative abdominopelvic CT scans, versus 3 of 176 false-negative lumbar spine CT scans, and there were 14 of 175 false-negative chest CT scans, versus 2 of 175 false-negative thoracic spine CT scans. (medscape.com)
  • This section contains a listing of all the references (journal articles, books, Web sites, federal laws and regulations) used on this Web site as well as additional information related to the topics of chest radiography, the International Labour Office (ILO) Classification System, and pneumoconioses. (cdc.gov)
  • Mass radiography of the chest by Herman E. Hilleboe and Russell H. Morgan. (who.int)
  • To compare low-dose spiral computed tomography (CT) with radiography of the chest for the screening and detection of small peripheral lung cancers in a high-risk population. (nih.gov)
  • Among the 15 cases, the results of chest radiography were negative in 11 (73%), and the tumors were detected only at low-dose spiral CT. (nih.gov)
  • The detection rates of low-dose spiral CT and chest radiography were 0.43% (15 of 3,457 examinations), respectively. (nih.gov)
  • Low-dose spiral CT was superior to chest radiography in the screening and detection of peripheral lung cancer in high-risk individuals. (nih.gov)
  • This study compares, by meta-analysis, the use of anterior-posterior chest radiography (CR) with transthoracic ultrasonography for the diagnosis of pneumothorax. (nih.gov)
  • A thoracic spine x-ray is an x-ray of the 12 chest (thoracic) bones (vertebrae) of the spine. (medlineplus.gov)
  • All underwent a detailed clinical assessment, chest HRCT scanning, and conventional chest radiography within 4 weeks of full pulmonary function tests. (bmj.com)
  • 4 Studies have shown that chest HRCT scanning is more sensitive than plain chest radiography and more accurate in diagnosing FA. (bmj.com)
  • Chest radiography was ordered to detect abnormalities such as infection, lung cancer and lymphoma. (cmaj.ca)
  • Computed tomography (CT) was not ordered initially because chest radiography was more accessible and the Wells score was low. (cmaj.ca)
  • We report a case which, on routine PA chest radiography, presented as cardiomegaly with a bulge on the left cardiac contour. (biomedsearch.com)
  • X-ray visualization of the chest and organs of the thoracic cavity. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Ho ML, Gutierrez FR (2009) Chest radiography in thoracic polytrauma. (springer.com)
  • Yoon H (2016) Interpretation of neonatal chest radiography. (springer.com)
  • pertaining to the plain radiographic investigation of chest pathology, lists some of the indications that may require chest radiography, and projection specific articles outlining positioning, technical factors and practical hints. (radiopaedia.org)
  • Routine screening of asymptomatic persons for lung cancer with chest radiography or sputum cytology is not recommended. (uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org)
  • Furthermore, the yield of screening chest radiography is low, largely due to the low prevalence of lung cancer in asymptomatic individuals, even those at high risk. (uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org)
  • Electrocardiogram and chest radiography were unremarkable. (hindawi.com)
  • Since D-dimer test result was positive, chest computer tomography angiogram was performed and found a thoracic aortic dissection. (hindawi.com)
  • Since D - dimer test result was positive, chest CT angiogram (4 hours after the arrival) was performed and found a thoracic AD extending ascending aorta, aortic arch vessels, and descending aorta to superior mesenteric artery, without thrombus in false lumen nor pericardial effusion (Figure 1 ). (hindawi.com)
  • Hydatid disease of the chest wall can present as swelling, confusable with tumors or rib fracture, and if the first rib is involved, as thoracic outlet syndrome ( 9 ). (ispub.com)
  • Chest radiography is the most frequent examination performed in the majority of pediatric radiology departments. (springer.com)
  • It is also unclear whether chest radiography is a sufficiently sensitive screening tool. (bmj.com)
  • At present, the standard diagnostic imaging modalitiesfor detection of metastases to the lungs include the chest radiographand thoracic computed tomography (CT). (oncolink.org)
  • Thoracic CT: Chest CT scans, especially spiral techniques,are highly sensitive for the detection pulmonary nodules, butwith less specificity. (oncolink.org)
  • 1 cm) thatare not detected by standard chest radiography. (oncolink.org)
  • We performed spirometry, 6-min walk test (6MWT) and chest radiography at baseline (week 0) and at weeks 4, 12 and 28 in participants of the PredART trial, which evaluated a 28-day course of prednisone to prevent TB-IRIS in patients with HIV-associated TB commencing antiretroviral therapy. (ersjournals.com)
  • Chest radiography can rule out concerning infectious, inflammatory, and malignant thoracic conditions. (aafp.org)
  • Chest radiography (CXR) is almost always the first imaging technique used to define the underlying disease (i.e. parenchymal, pleural, musculoskeletal). (springer.com)
  • Chest radiography revealed a widened mediastinum, bilateral pulmonary contusions, and multiple rib fractures (Figure 1 ). (hindawi.com)
  • Interpret chest radiology including chest radiography, CT scanning and PET scanning. (brit-thoracic.org.uk)
  • Thoracic ultrasound (TUS) has been proposed as an easy-option replacement for chest X-ray (CXR) in emergency diagnosis of pneumonia, pleural effusion, and pneumothorax. (dovepress.com)
  • Magna Cum Laude- Dynamic Chest Radiography Using Flat Panel Detector System: Technique and Application. (dana-farber.org)
  • The American Thoracic Society recommended that chest x-rays not be done as routine screening because the number of tuberculosis cases found is extremely small and these cases would come to medical attention by other methods (a careful history of symptoms, use of tuberculin skin test, and careful follow-up of people who have the disease). (in.gov)
  • It also looks at the some of the reasons why thoracic radiographs might be needed, and at some advanced techniques of thoracic imaging. (excelcpd.co.uk)
  • In clinical practice, the process is generally part of a workflow where patient radiographs are recorded as traditionally in film/screen radiography, but with images now generated with a latent image read-out device and automatically sent to a quality control workstation for image evaluation, annotation and transfer to a PACS for reporting. (wikibooks.org)
  • The Photoelectric Effect is of fundamental importance in diagnostic radiography since it is the primary method by which contrast is developed in radiographs. (wikibooks.org)
  • We hypothesized that BAL increases the interstitial opacity of caudoventral and caudodorsal thoracic radiographs. (bvsalud.org)
  • Four randomized thoracic radiographs of each horse were scored by two blinded observers, who were also asked to identify the image as obtained before or after a BAL procedure. (bvsalud.org)
  • Filled with interactive exercises, animations and slide shows, and image evaluations, Mosby's ® Radiography Online for Bontrager's Textbook of Radiographic Positioning and Related Anatomy helps you develop the critical thinking skills needed to produce diagnostic-quality radiographs. (elsevier.com)
  • visually demonstrate the latest digital technology used in radiography with new radiographs, positioning, and equipment images. (elsevier.com)
  • It begins by providing the reader with a grounding in the various imaging modalities: radiography, ultrasonography, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, nuclear medicine and interventional radiological procedures. (wiley.com)
  • 2 Basics of thoracic ultrasonography. (wiley.com)
  • Thoracic ultrasonography have demonstrated a bilaterally generalized pleural roughening, several comet tails and multiple, hyperechogenic scattered areas. (wikipedia.org)
  • Is Thoracic Ultrasonography Necessary in the Respiratory Medicine Outpatient Clinic? (archbronconeumol.org)
  • Thoracic ultrasonography (TU) is a complementary test increasingly used by pulmonologists in recent years, due to its wide range of applications in patients with peripheral pulmonary parenchymal and/or pleural diseases. (archbronconeumol.org)
  • Radiography can provide additional information to auscultation of the thorax Thorax: auscultation , especially in the foal. (vetstream.com)
  • Radiography of the thorax can be problematical due to difficulties eliminating movement blur resulting from breathing. (vetstream.com)
  • The goals of diagnostic imaging in patients who have sustained thoracic spinal trauma are to correctly identify spinal fractures, to identify associated injuries to structures that are related to the thoracic spine, to identify injuries to the spinal cord and nerve roots, to aid in surgical planning, and to judge the stability of postoperative fixation. (medscape.com)
  • Gadolinium-enhanced imaging of pediatric thoracic lymphoma: is intravenous contrast really necessary? (medscape.com)
  • Thought you might appreciate this item(s) I saw at Journal of Thoracic Imaging. (lww.com)
  • Projectional radiography is a form of radiography and medical imaging that produces two-dimensional images by x-ray radiation. (wikipedia.org)
  • 4 Basics of thoracic magnetic resonance imaging. (wiley.com)
  • PHILLIP M. BOISELLE is Section Chief of Thoracic Imaging, Associate Radiologist-in-Chief of Administrative Affairs of the Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts and is also an Associate Professor of Radiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts. (routledge.com)
  • World Congress of Thoracic Imaging, Boston, MA Jun 2017 Notes: Scientific Oral Presentation. (upenn.edu)
  • Quantitative CT metrics from the transplanted lung may predict FEV1 after lung transplantation World Congress of Thoracic Imaging, Boston, MA Jun 2017 Notes: Scientific Oral Presentation. (upenn.edu)
  • Overexposure in screen-film imaging is recognized easily on a dark film, but this is not the case with digital radiography. (diagnosticimaging.com)
  • Our Medical Radiography program trains individuals in X-ray imaging. (bcit.ca)
  • Cervical plain radiography should be obtained first to rule out pertinent bone abnormalities, followed by Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) without contrast performed with maneuvers (arm in neutral and elevated positions). (clinicaladvisor.com)
  • It remains the initial imaging study to evaluate most thoracic diseases in children. (springer.com)
  • Frush D, Donnelly L, Chotas H (2000) Contemporary pediatric thoracic imaging. (springer.com)
  • Should I send my patient with previous giant cell arteritis for imaging of the thoracic aorta? (bmj.com)
  • Objectives To review the literature in order to estimate how many previously unknown thoracic aortic aneurysms (TAAs) and thoracic aortic dilatations (TADs) might be detected by systematic, cross-sectional aortic imaging of patients with giant cell arteritis (GCA). (bmj.com)
  • Plain radiography, or X-ray, is the original form of diagnostic imaging. (aiims.edu)
  • Editors' Recognition Award for Distinction in Reviewing, Journal of Thoracic Imaging. (dana-farber.org)
  • Fractures of the thoracic spine may be seen in patients of any age, but in elderly patients, the frequency and severity of thoracic spinal fractures is increased. (medscape.com)
  • Fractures of the thoracic spine can occur whenever the spinal column is subjected to forces that exceed its strength and stability. (medscape.com)
  • Thoracic spine trauma. (medscape.com)
  • Anterior view of multiple spinal cord contusions caused by burst compression fractures of the middle and lower thoracic spine. (medscape.com)
  • Compression fractures of the thoracic spine occur when a vertical force with or without a flexion or rotational sheer force exceeds the weight-bearing strength of the vertebral body. (medscape.com)
  • In cases associated with unusual causes of spinal injury, such as child abuse, the mechanism of injury may be a complex combination of traumas to the thoracic spine. (medscape.com)
  • Multiple myeloma commonly involves the thoracic spine, and fractures are more common. (medscape.com)
  • The surgical repair of fractures of the thoracic spine in patients with multiple myeloma is complicated by the multicentric nature of the disease. (medscape.com)
  • The x-ray machine will be moved over the thoracic area of the spine. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Assesses the emergency departments' use of cervical spine radiography for alert, stable adult trauma patients in Canada. (ebscohost.com)
  • Presents an abstract of the research manuscript `Variation in emergency department use of cervical spine radiography for alert stable trauma patients,' by I.G. Stiell, G.A. Wells et al from the University of Ottawa. (ebscohost.com)
  • 1 Radiography of the thoracic spine was not ordered because a vertebral fracture was unlikely given the patient's bone mineral density and physical examination. (cmaj.ca)
  • Upon comprehensive posture and spine assessment, the patient had exaggerated forward head translation and thoracic hyperkyphosis. (go.jp)
  • Spiral CT Angiography of the Thoracic Aorta. (routledge.com)
  • The natural history of the specific acute aortic syndromes that affect the descending thoracic aorta has also been described with more clarity and has become more commonly recognized. (ahajournals.org)
  • As data are accumulating, these pathological processes involving the descending thoracic aorta are no longer thought of as simply variants of one another but as distinct entities with well-defined clinical behavior. (ahajournals.org)
  • The purpose of this scientific statement is to present a contemporary review of the various pathological processes that affect the descending thoracic aorta: Aneurysms, dissections, intramural hematomas (IMHs), penetrating atherosclerotic ulcers (PAUs), and aortic transections. (ahajournals.org)
  • Our goal is to provide the healthcare professional with a better understanding of the pathophysiology of the various disease processes that involve the descending thoracic aorta and to review current outcomes and technical pitfalls associated with these therapies to facilitate strong, evidence-based decision making in the care of these patients. (ahajournals.org)
  • Acute lung injury (ALI) following thoracic surgery remains a major source of morbidity and mortality after lung resection. (bioportfolio.com)
  • One-lung ventilation (OLV) is usually required in thoracic surger. (bioportfolio.com)
  • In this study we are going to compare the effectiveness of robot assisted thoracic surgery (RATS) with video assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) in case of lung cancer. (bioportfolio.com)
  • For malignancies that do not usually metastasizeto the lung, the yield of thoracic CT for metastatic disease withoutmetastatic disease elsewhere, is low. (oncolink.org)
  • Authors: Koegelenberg CFN, Dorfman S, Schewitz I, Richards GA, Maasdorp S, Smith C, Dheda K, South African Thoracic Society Abstract Lung cancer remains the leading cause of cancer-related deaths in southern Africa. (medworm.com)
  • Projectional radiography relies on the characteristics of x-ray radiation ( quantity and quality of the beam) and knowledge of how it interacts with human tissue to create diagnostic images. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) and thoracic radiography are routinely performed diagnostic procedures. (bvsalud.org)
  • CT scan with maneuvers may be diagnostic for thoracic outlet syndrome. (clinicaladvisor.com)
  • The diagnostic accuracy of artificial intelligence in thoracic diseases: A protocol for systematic review and meta-analysis. (physiciansweekly.com)
  • The prevalence and angle of the curve of thoracic scoliosis were investigated in each age group , and the prevalence of thoracic scoliosis according to sex , the direction of the curve, number of vertebrae in the major curve, the location and rotation of the apical vertebrae , and osteophyte location were examined. (bvsalud.org)
  • Traditionally, thoracic radiography has been critical to help discriminate cardiac versus pulmonary disease as a cause of the clinical signs. (avmi.net)
  • Thoracic radiography has widespread availability, is cost effective and provides rapid information about cardiac and pulmonary vessel size as well as information about the airways and pulmonary parenchyma. (avmi.net)
  • Radiography can also help determine if disease is focal, multifocal or diffuse and can give a general idea of anatomic severity (i.e., how much of the pulmonary parenchyma appears to be involved and if the changes are mild, moderate, or severe). (avmi.net)
  • Objective-To compare the detection of pulmonary nodules by use of 3-view thoracic radiography and CT in dogs with confirmed neoplasia. (avmi.net)
  • Conclusions and Clinical Relevance-CT was more sensitive than radiography for detection of pulmonary nodules. (avmi.net)
  • Thoracic CT is recommended in large-breed to giant-breed dogs with osteosarcoma if the detection of pulmonary nodules will change treatment. (avmi.net)
  • Penetrating thoracic ice pick injury extending into pulmonary artery: Report of a case. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Thoracic radiography revealed bilateral diffuse alveolar pulmonary infiltrates. (cdc.gov)
  • In the majority of cases patients have thoracic TB, which most frequently presents with hilar lymphadenopathy and pulmonary manifestation. (medworm.com)
  • What is the accuracy of radiography for the diagnosis of thoracic non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL)? (medscape.com)
  • Describe the advantages and disadvantages of this technique for diagnosis of thoracic outlet syndrome. (clinicaladvisor.com)
  • V. Describe the advantages and disadvantages of the alternative techniques for diagnosis of thoracic outlet syndrome. (clinicaladvisor.com)
  • 001). Conclusion and Clinical Importance: ECG and thoracic radiography are reasonably specific but less sensitive predictors of LAE in cats. (elsevier.com)
  • This book is the first textbook on computed radiography written by Japanese authors and describes basic technologies and clinical results obtained at various hospitals. (springer.com)
  • The general radiography section covers in detail the various clinical presentations that require specific plain radiographic investigation, the anatomy covered, and how it is displayed via the chosen view. (radiopaedia.org)
  • May be helpful for characterizing thoracic outlet syndrome when the patient has clinical symptoms, but CT and/or MRI are negative. (clinicaladvisor.com)
  • The initial clinical presentation of a ruptured azygous vein is that of shock with acute hypovolemic loss into the right thoracic cavity. (hindawi.com)
  • Journal of Thoracic Imaging33(2):69-70, March 2018. (lww.com)
  • In this article, the radiographic manifestations of thoracic TB are summarized and discussed. (medworm.com)
  • Azygous vein laceration resulting from blunt thoracic trauma is a rare condition that carries a universally poor prognosis unless the appropriate treatment is instituted. (hindawi.com)
  • Blunt thoracic trauma accounts for 25% of trauma-related mortality. (hindawi.com)
  • Although an uncommon complication of blunt thoracic trauma, rupture of the azygous vein is associated with potentially life-threatening haemodynamic shock in 85% of cases [ 2 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Radiography and computed tomography revealed a large thin-walled cavernous lesion with a gas-fluid interface which almost completely filled the right thoracic cavity. (usda.gov)
  • Computed radiography is one of the most promising digital radiography techniques, and is expected to replace the conventional screen film radiography in the near future. (springer.com)
  • Another group reported that it lowered dose by a factor of 10 when using digital fluoroscopy for pelvimetry, as opposed to screen-film radiography or CT techniques. (diagnosticimaging.com)
  • Laney AS, Petsonk EL, Wolfe AL, Attfield MD: Comparison of storage phosphor computed radiography with conventional film-screen radiography in the recognition of pneumoconiosis. (cdc.gov)
  • The second section is devoted to the individual body systems and includes chapters dedicated to the heart and major vessels, the lungs, the mediastinum, the pleural space and the thoracic boundaries. (wiley.com)
  • Training for thoracic ultrasound should follow the principles set out by the Royal College of Radiologists and is described in greater detail later in this document. (bmj.com)
  • Ultrasound examinations: Abdominal, thoracic and musculoskeletal ultrasound. (osu.edu)
  • Supplementary video displaying the main features of the conditions detected by thoracic ultrasound in emergency medicine. (dovepress.com)
  • In patients with ankylosing spondylitis, the incidence of thoracic spinal fractures is increased but the patterns of spinal fracture are unusual. (medscape.com)
  • 7 , 8 The incidence of thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA), dissection and rupture together has been estimated for the Swedish population at 0.16 per 1000 person-years in men, and 0.09 per 1000 person-years in women, with a median age at diagnosis of 71 years and 40% overall still unruptured at diagnosis. (bmj.com)
  • To provide reference data for the study and treatment of thoracic scoliosis . (bvsalud.org)
  • This study could be used as a reference point for the study and treatment of thoracic scoliosis . (bvsalud.org)
  • Surgery performed on the thoracic organs, most commonly the lungs and the heart. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Image shows thoracic aortic dissection (De Bakey/Standford type I/A). (hindawi.com)
  • Coverage of common and unique positioning procedures includes special chapters on trauma, surgical radiography, geriatrics/pediatrics, and bone densitometry, to help prepare you for the full scope of situations you will encounter. (elsevier.com)
  • Trauma, Mobile, and Surgical Radiography 16. (akademika.no)
  • Common causes of thoracic spinal fractures include falling from a height, motor vehicle accidents, violent weather, military and civilian blast injury, and penetrating trauma. (medscape.com)
  • After aortic rupture, severe thoracic spinal cord injuries represent the most serious long-term morbidities resulting from thoracic trauma. (medscape.com)
  • Thoracic spinal fractures remain a common component of trauma in the United States and in other developed nations with high rates of motor vehicle accidents. (medscape.com)
  • Mortality of thoracic spinal fractures is most commonly related to injuries associated with aortic tear or rupture and cardiac trauma. (medscape.com)
  • Thoracic traumas are frequent causes of emergency department admissions and the third most common cause of death from trauma. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Thoracic wall trauma. (vetstream.com)
  • Unintentional exposure of neonates to conventional radiography in the Neonatal Intensive Care Units. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Digital radiography offers a number of capabilities compared with conventional radiography, such as postprocessing, electronic archiving, concurrent access to images, and improved data distribution. (diagnosticimaging.com)
  • Aortic aneurisms can further be subdivided into thoracic aortic aneurisms and abdominal aortic aneurisms. (optimal-heart-health.com)
  • Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value were calculated for thoracic radiography (with CT as the gold standard). (avmi.net)
  • can produce useful results in the foal and when used in conjunction with a digital radiography system also of the caudodorsal lungfield of a standard sized adult horse. (vetstream.com)
  • The average curve angle of patients with thoracic scoliosis was 16.0°±7.0°, among whom it was 10°-20° in 533 patients , 20°-30° in 64, 30°-40° in 11, and over 40° in 13. (bvsalud.org)
  • 12 Anesthetic considerations for patients requiring upper airway surgery and patients requiring thoracic surgery. (routledge.com)
  • Smoking cessation in patients: Two further studies by the British Thoracic Society. (healthy.net)
  • He was successfully stabilised with crystalloid and blood infusion, and he did not require exploratory thoracic surgery. (hindawi.com)
  • For example, mediastinitis secondary to an esophageal perforation should prompt an urgent thoracic surgery consultation. (psychiatryadvisor.com)
  • . Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery , 154 (2), 457-466.e3. (oru.se)
  • The Journal expresses the voice of the Spanish Respiratory Society of Pulmonology and Thoracic Surgery (SEPAR) as well as that of other scientific societies such as the Latin American Thoracic Society (ALAT) and the Iberian American Association of Thoracic Surgery (AICT). (archbronconeumol.org)
  • classically upper motor neuron (UMN) signs in thoracic and pelvic limbs. (vetstream.com)
  • ICD-10-PCS code BR021ZZ for Plain Radiography of Thoracic Disc(s) using Low Osmolar Contrast is a medical classification as listed by CMS under Axial Skeleton, Except Skull and Facial Bones range. (aapc.com)
  • Plain radiography generally refers to projectional radiography (without the use of more advanced techniques such as computed tomography that can generate 3D-images). (wikipedia.org)
  • Plain radiography can also refer to radiography without a radiocontrast agent or radiography that generates single static images, as contrasted to fluoroscopy , which are technically also projectional. (wikipedia.org)
  • What is the accuracy of plain radiography for the diagnosis of osteoporosis? (medscape.com)
  • Plain radiography is not as accurate as BMD testing. (medscape.com)
  • [ 105 ] Thus, plain radiography is an insensitive tool for diagnosing osteoporosis. (medscape.com)
  • Plain radiography or roentgenography generally refers to projectional radiography (without the use of more advanced techniques such as computed tomography that can generate 3D-images). (wikipedia.org)
  • Accuracy of plain radiography in detecting fractures in older individuals after low-energy falls: current evidence. (physiciansweekly.com)
  • The older patient presents an increased challenge because thoracic spinal fractures may occur following relatively minor falls. (medscape.com)
  • Mechanical CPR devices have been identified as an unusual cause of thoracic spinal fractures. (medscape.com)
  • Bligh MP, Borgaonkar JN, Burrell SC, MacDonald DA, Manos D. Spectrum of CT Findings in Thoracic Extranodal Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma. (medscape.com)
  • We have previously described the process of photostimulable luminescence which is exploited in Computed Radiography, where the absorption of radiation causes electrons to become trapped at intermediate energy levels. (wikibooks.org)
  • Penetrating thoracic traumas have a wide spectrum, ranging from mild traumas to life-threatening injuries. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Technological aspects of digital radiography image receptors are described in this chapter. (wikibooks.org)
  • Understanding the unique technical aspects of data acquisition and image processing associated with digital radiography (DR) and computed radiography (CR) systems is part of the radiologist's added value. (appliedradiology.com)
  • 1 Efficient use of digital radiography equipment can be guaranteed only by carefully following rigorous and formalized standards of image quality and dose per image. (diagnosticimaging.com)
  • These receptors are generally used for radiography and some can also be used for fluoroscopy. (wikibooks.org)
  • Recent literature suggests a significant improvement in the mortality rate (4% to 9%) and incidence of paraplegia (3%) for descending thoracic aortic resections for thoracic aortic aneurysms (TAAs) at high-volume aortic centers. (ahajournals.org)
  • As the technology for endovascular repair continues to mature and its utilization increases, there is a need for a careful assessment of the current state of medical management, traditional open therapy, and evolving endovascular treatment of distinct thoracic aortic pathologies. (ahajournals.org)