A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.
A system for verifying and maintaining a desired level of quality in a product or process by careful planning, use of proper equipment, continued inspection, and corrective action as required. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.
Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. The concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.
Norms, criteria, standards, and other direct qualitative and quantitative measures used in determining the quality of health care.
The state that distinguishes organisms from inorganic matter, manifested by growth, metabolism, reproduction, and adaptation. It includes the course of existence, the sum of experiences, the mode of existing, or the fact of being. Over the centuries inquiries into the nature of life have crossed the boundaries from philosophy to biology, forensic medicine, anthropology, etc., in creative as well as scientific literature. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed; Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)
The attainment or process of attaining a new level of performance or quality.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
A rating of a body of water based on measurable physical, chemical, and biological characteristics.
The application of industrial management practice to systematically maintain and improve organization-wide performance. Effectiveness and success are determined and assessed by quantitative quality measures.
Ratings of the characteristics of food including flavor, appearance, nutritional content, and the amount of microbial and chemical contamination.
The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.
A quality-of-life scale developed in the United States in 1972 as a measure of health status or dysfunction generated by a disease. It is a behaviorally based questionnaire for patients and addresses activities such as sleep and rest, mobility, recreation, home management, emotional behavior, social interaction, and the like. It measures the patient's perceived health status and is sensitive enough to detect changes or differences in health status occurring over time or between groups. (From Medical Care, vol.xix, no.8, August 1981, p.787-805)
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Those occurrences, including social, psychological, and environmental, which require an adjustment or effect a change in an individual's pattern of living.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.
The continuous sequence of changes undergone by living organisms during the post-embryonic developmental process, such as metamorphosis in insects and amphibians. This includes the developmental stages of apicomplexans such as the malarial parasite, PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).
The measurement of the health status for a given population using a variety of indices, including morbidity, mortality, and available health resources.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
Summarizing techniques used to describe the pattern of mortality and survival in populations. These methods can be applied to the study not only of death, but also of any defined endpoint such as the onset of disease or the occurrence of disease complications.
The performance of the basic activities of self care, such as dressing, ambulation, or eating.
Care provided patients requiring extraordinary therapeutic measures in order to sustain and prolong life.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.
That component of SPEECH which gives the primary distinction to a given speaker's VOICE when pitch and loudness are excluded. It involves both phonatory and resonatory characteristics. Some of the descriptions of voice quality are harshness, breathiness and nasality.
A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.
Participation of employees with management as a labor-management team, in decisions pertaining to the operational activities of the organization or industry.
A state of harmony between internal needs and external demands and the processes used in achieving this condition. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
The edible portions of any animal used for food including domestic mammals (the major ones being cattle, swine, and sheep) along with poultry, fish, shellfish, and game.
Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.
The individual's experience of a sense of fulfillment of a need or want and the quality or state of being satisfied.
Method of measuring performance against established standards of best practice.
A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.
Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.
Evaluation procedures that focus on both the outcome or status (OUTCOMES ASSESSMENT) of the patient at the end of an episode of care - presence of symptoms, level of activity, and mortality; and the process (ASSESSMENT, PROCESS) - what is done for the patient diagnostically and therapeutically.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Conditions characterized by disturbances of usual sleep patterns or behaviors. Sleep disorders may be divided into three major categories: DYSSOMNIAS (i.e. disorders characterized by insomnia or hypersomnia), PARASOMNIAS (abnormal sleep behaviors), and sleep disorders secondary to medical or psychiatric disorders. (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p187)
The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
The state wherein the person is well adjusted.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Feeling or emotion of dread, apprehension, and impending disaster but not disabling as with ANXIETY DISORDERS.
An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
The normal length of time of an organism's life.
Country located in EUROPE. It is bordered by the NORTH SEA, BELGIUM, and GERMANY. Constituent areas are Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, formerly included in the NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
The personal cost of acute or chronic disease. The cost to the patient may be an economic, social, or psychological cost or personal loss to self, family, or immediate community. The cost of illness may be reflected in absenteeism, productivity, response to treatment, peace of mind, or QUALITY OF LIFE. It differs from HEALTH CARE COSTS, meaning the societal cost of providing services related to the delivery of health care, rather than personal impact on individuals.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
Persons who have experienced a prolonged survival after serious disease or who continue to live with a usually life-threatening condition as well as family members, significant others, or individuals surviving traumatic life events.
Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.
An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE established in 1990 to "provide indexing, abstracting, translating, publishing, and other services leading to a more effective and timely dissemination of information on research, demonstration projects, and evaluations with respect to health care to public and private entities and individuals engaged in the improvement of health care delivery..." It supersedes the National Center for Health Services Research. The United States Agency for Health Care Policy and Research was renamed Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) under the Healthcare Research and Quality Act of 1999.
Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.
Persons who provide care to those who need supervision or assistance in illness or disability. They may provide the care in the home, in a hospital, or in an institution. Although caregivers include trained medical, nursing, and other health personnel, the concept also refers to parents, spouses, or other family members, friends, members of the clergy, teachers, social workers, fellow patients.
Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)
A readily reversible suspension of sensorimotor interaction with the environment, usually associated with recumbency and immobility.
Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.
Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.
Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.
Care alleviating symptoms without curing the underlying disease. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Facilities equipped to carry out investigative procedures.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.
A person's view of himself.
Conformity in fulfilling or following official, recognized, or institutional requirements, guidelines, recommendations, protocols, pathways, or other standards.
Institutions with an organized medical staff which provide medical care to patients.
A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.
A detailed review and evaluation of selected clinical records by qualified professional personnel for evaluating quality of medical care.
Studies to determine the advantages or disadvantages, practicability, or capability of accomplishing a projected plan, study, or project.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
Facilities which provide nursing supervision and limited medical care to persons who do not require hospitalization.
The actual costs of providing services related to the delivery of health care, including the costs of procedures, therapies, and medications. It is differentiated from HEALTH EXPENDITURES, which refers to the amount of money paid for the services, and from fees, which refers to the amount charged, regardless of cost.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.
A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)
Medical and nursing care of patients in the terminal stage of an illness.
An evaluation procedure that focuses on how care is delivered, based on the premise that there are standards of performance for activities undertaken in delivering patient care, in which the specific actions taken, events occurring, and human interactions are compared with accepted standards.
The thick, yellowish-white, viscid fluid secretion of male reproductive organs discharged upon ejaculation. In addition to reproductive organ secretions, it contains SPERMATOZOA and their nutrient plasma.
Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.
The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.
Insurance providing for payment of a stipulated sum to a designated beneficiary upon death of the insured.
Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.
The quality of SEMEN, an indicator of male fertility, can be determined by semen volume, pH, sperm concentration (SPERM COUNT), total sperm number, sperm viability, sperm vigor (SPERM MOTILITY), normal sperm morphology, ACROSOME integrity, and the concentration of WHITE BLOOD CELLS.
The state of weariness following a period of exertion, mental or physical, characterized by a decreased capacity for work and reduced efficiency to respond to stimuli.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
Movement characteristics of SPERMATOZOA in a fresh specimen. It is measured as the percentage of sperms that are moving, and as the percentage of sperms with productive flagellar motion such as rapid, linear, and forward progression.
A count of SPERM in the ejaculum, expressed as number per milliliter.
A scheme which provides reimbursement for the health services rendered, generally by an institution, and which provides added financial rewards if certain conditions are met. Such a scheme is intended to promote and reward increased efficiency and cost containment, with better care, or at least without adverse effect on the quality of the care rendered.
The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
Certification as complying with a standard set by non-governmental organizations, applied for by institutions, programs, and facilities on a voluntary basis.
The capacity of an organization, institution, or business to produce desired results with a minimum expenditure of energy, time, money, personnel, materiel, etc.
Precise and detailed plans for the study of a medical or biomedical problem and/or plans for a regimen of therapy.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
Care of patients by a multidisciplinary team usually organized under the leadership of a physician; each member of the team has specific responsibilities and the whole team contributes to the care of the patient.
A regimen or plan of physical activities designed and prescribed for specific therapeutic goals. Its purpose is to restore normal musculoskeletal function or to reduce pain caused by diseases or injuries.
Customer satisfaction or dissatisfaction with a benefit or service received.
Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.
Appraisal of one's own personal qualities or traits.
Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)
Application of statistical procedures to analyze specific observed or assumed facts from a particular study.
Sensitivity or attachment to religious values, or to things of the spirit as opposed to material or worldly interests. (from Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed, and Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd ed)
Studies determining the effectiveness or value of processes, personnel, and equipment, or the material on conducting such studies. For drugs and devices, CLINICAL TRIALS AS TOPIC; DRUG EVALUATION; and DRUG EVALUATION, PRECLINICAL are available.
Published materials which provide an examination of recent or current literature. Review articles can cover a wide range of subject matter at various levels of completeness and comprehensiveness based on analyses of literature that may include research findings. The review may reflect the state of the art. It also includes reviews as a literary form.
The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.
A person authorized to decide or act for another person, for example, a person having durable power of attorney.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary.
The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.
Any visible result of a procedure which is caused by the procedure itself and not by the entity being analyzed. Common examples include histological structures introduced by tissue processing, radiographic images of structures that are not naturally present in living tissue, and products of chemical reactions that occur during analysis.
A set of statistical methods for analyzing the correlations among several variables in order to estimate the number of fundamental dimensions that underlie the observed data and to describe and measure those dimensions. It is used frequently in the development of scoring systems for rating scales and questionnaires.
A form of bronchial disorder with three distinct components: airway hyper-responsiveness (RESPIRATORY HYPERSENSITIVITY), airway INFLAMMATION, and intermittent AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION. It is characterized by spasmodic contraction of airway smooth muscle, WHEEZING, and dyspnea (DYSPNEA, PAROXYSMAL).
Performance of activities or tasks traditionally performed by professional health care providers. The concept includes care of oneself or one's family and friends.
New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.
A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.
Design of patient care wherein institutional resources and personnel are organized around patients rather than around specialized departments. (From Hospitals 1993 Feb 5;67(3):14)
A medical specialty concerned with the provision of continuing, comprehensive primary health care for the entire family.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.
Recording of pertinent information concerning patient's illness or illnesses.
An unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli which are detected by NERVE ENDINGS of NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS.
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.
Method for obtaining information through verbal responses, written or oral, from subjects.
Detailed account or statement or formal record of data resulting from empirical inquiry.
A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.
Patterns of practice related to diagnosis and treatment as especially influenced by cost of the service requested and provided.
An indication of the contribution of a food to the nutrient content of the diet. This value depends on the quantity of a food which is digested and absorbed and the amounts of the essential nutrients (protein, fat, carbohydrate, minerals, vitamins) which it contains. This value can be affected by soil and growing conditions, handling and storage, and processing.
Standardized procedures utilizing rating scales or interview schedules carried out by health personnel for evaluating the degree of mental illness.
A method in which either the observer(s) or the subject(s) is kept ignorant of the group to which the subjects are assigned.
Health insurance plans intended to reduce unnecessary health care costs through a variety of mechanisms, including: economic incentives for physicians and patients to select less costly forms of care; programs for reviewing the medical necessity of specific services; increased beneficiary cost sharing; controls on inpatient admissions and lengths of stay; the establishment of cost-sharing incentives for outpatient surgery; selective contracting with health care providers; and the intensive management of high-cost health care cases. The programs may be provided in a variety of settings, such as HEALTH MAINTENANCE ORGANIZATIONS and PREFERRED PROVIDER ORGANIZATIONS.
The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.
Voluntary cooperation of the patient in following a prescribed regimen.
The development of systems to prevent accidents, injuries, and other adverse occurrences in an institutional setting. The concept includes prevention or reduction of adverse events or incidents involving employees, patients, or facilities. Examples include plans to reduce injuries from falls or plans for fire safety to promote a safe institutional environment.
Systematic organization, storage, retrieval, and dissemination of specialized information, especially of a scientific or technical nature (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983). It often involves authenticating or validating information.
Continuous sequential changes which occur in the physiological and psychological functions during the life-time of an individual.
A broad approach to appropriate coordination of the entire disease treatment process that often involves shifting away from more expensive inpatient and acute care to areas such as preventive medicine, patient counseling and education, and outpatient care. This concept includes implications of appropriate versus inappropriate therapy on the overall cost and clinical outcome of a particular disease. (From Hosp Pharm 1995 Jul;30(7):596)
Works about pre-planned studies of the safety, efficacy, or optimum dosage schedule (if appropriate) of one or more diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques selected according to predetermined criteria of eligibility and observed for predefined evidence of favorable and unfavorable effects. This concept includes clinical trials conducted both in the U.S. and in other countries.
Theoretical representations and constructs that describe or explain the structure and hierarchy of relationships and interactions within or between formal organizational entities or informal social groups.
A disease of chronic diffuse irreversible airflow obstruction. Subcategories of COPD include CHRONIC BRONCHITIS and PULMONARY EMPHYSEMA.
A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.
The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.
Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.
A medical specialty concerned with maintaining health and providing medical care to children from birth to adolescence.
Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.
The exchange or transmission of ideas, attitudes, or beliefs between individuals or groups.
Health as viewed from the perspective that humans and other organisms function as complete, integrated units rather than as aggregates of separate parts.
Parliamentary democracy located between France on the northeast and Portugual on the west and bordered by the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.
The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.
The interactions between physician and patient.
The state of the organism when it functions optimally without evidence of disease.
A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Persons with physical or mental disabilities that affect or limit their activities of daily living and that may require special accommodations.
Health care services provided to patients on an ambulatory basis, rather than by admission to a hospital or other health care facility. The services may be a part of a hospital, augmenting its inpatient services, or may be provided at a free-standing facility.
An iterative questionnaire designed to measure consensus among individual responses. In the classic Delphi approach, there is no interaction between responder and interviewer.
Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.
The confinement of a patient in a hospital.
A basis of value established for the measure of quantity, weight, extent or quality, e.g. weight standards, standard solutions, methods, techniques, and procedures used in diagnosis and therapy.
The origin of life. It includes studies of the potential basis for life in organic compounds but excludes studies of the development of altered forms of life through mutation and natural selection, which is BIOLOGICAL EVOLUTION.
The concurrent or retrospective review by practicing physicians or other health professionals of the quality and efficiency of patient care practices or services ordered or performed by other physicians or other health professionals (From The Facts On File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988).
Systems that provide all or most of the items necessary for maintaining life and health. Provisions are made for the supplying of oxygen, food, water, temperature and pressure control, disposition of carbon dioxide and body waste. The milieu may be a spacecraft, a submarine, or the surface of the moon. In medical care, usually under hospital conditions, LIFE SUPPORT CARE is available. (From Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary)
Persons with an incurable or irreversible illness at the end stage that will result in death within a short time. (From O'Leary et al., Lexikon: Dictionary of Health Care Terms, Organizations, and Acronyms for the Era of Reform, 1994, p780)
A measurement index derived from a modification of standard life-table procedures and designed to take account of the quality as well as the duration of survival. This index can be used in assessing the outcome of health care procedures or services. (BIOETHICS Thesaurus, 1994)
Absolute, comparative, or differential costs pertaining to services, institutions, resources, etc., or the analysis and study of these costs.
The failure by the observer to measure or identify a phenomenon accurately, which results in an error. Sources for this may be due to the observer's missing an abnormality, or to faulty technique resulting in incorrect test measurement, or to misinterpretation of the data. Two varieties are inter-observer variation (the amount observers vary from one another when reporting on the same material) and intra-observer variation (the amount one observer varies between observations when reporting more than once on the same material).
Care over an extended period, usually for a chronic condition or disability, requiring periodic, intermittent, or continuous care.
A system of medical care regulated, controlled and financed by the government, in which the government assumes responsibility for the health needs of the population.
Those affective states which can be experienced and have arousing and motivational properties.
Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.
Management of the internal organization of the hospital.
Individuals licensed to practice medicine.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
The feeling-tone accompaniment of an idea or mental representation. It is the most direct psychic derivative of instinct and the psychic representative of the various bodily changes by means of which instincts manifest themselves.
The process by which the nature and meaning of sensory stimuli are recognized and interpreted.

Life devoid of value.(1/17899)


A chiropractic service arrangement for musculoskeletal complaints in industry: a pilot study. (2/17899)

Chiropractic services are commonly used by workers with musculoskeletal problems, especially low back and neck complaints. Research into the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of this approach is, however, difficult to design without prior pilot studies. This study followed 32 workers with these complaints attending one such service and used five measures of outcome over a 6-month period. These measured pain (VAS), disability (FLP), quality of life (SF-36), perceived benefit and satisfaction with care. Additionally, sickness costs to the companies were recorded over two years encompassing the study period. Treatment utilization was also monitored. Over half the population were chronic sufferers. The effect sizes were large for pain and for seven out of eight dimensions of the SF-36 questionnaire at 6-month follow-up, although not for disability (FLP). High levels of satisfaction and perceived improvement were reported and sickness costs to the companies fell. However, the sample size in this pilot study was small and did not include controls. We would, therefore, recommend a full cost-effectiveness study incorporating a randomized trial in this area.  (+info)

Diabetic peripheral neuropathy and quality of life. (3/17899)

The quality of life (QOL) of 79 people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes and 37 non-diabetic controls was assessed using the Nottingham Health Profile (NHP). The NHP consists of six domains assessing energy, sleep, pain, physical mobility, emotional reactions and social isolation. Symptomatic diabetic neuropathy was present in 41 of the patients. The neuropathy patients had significantly higher scores (impaired QOL) in 5/6 NHP domains than either the other diabetic patients (p < 0.01) or the non-diabetic (p < 0.001) controls. These were: emotional reaction, energy, pain, physical mobility and sleep. The diabetic patients without neuropathy also had significantly impaired QOL for 4/6 NHP domains compared with the non-diabetic control group (p < 0.05) (energy, pain, physical mobility and sleep). This quantification of the detrimental effect on QOL of diabetes, and in particular of chronic symptomatic peripheral diabetic neuropathy, emphasizes the need for further research into effective management of these patients.  (+info)

Relative efficacy of 32P and 89Sr in palliation in skeletal metastases. (4/17899)

32p and 89Sr have been shown to produce significant pain relief in patients with skeletal metastases from advanced cancer. Clinically significant pancytopenia has not been reported in doses up to 12 mCi (444 MBq) of either radionuclide. To date, no reports comparing the relative efficacy and toxicity of the two radionuclides in comparable patient populations have been available. Although a cure has not been reported, both treatments have achieved substantial pain relief. However, several studies have used semiquantitative measures such as "slight," "fair," "partial" and "dramatic" responses, which lend themselves to subjective bias. This report examines the responses to treatment with 32P or 89Sr by attempting a quantification of pain relief and quality of life using the patients as their own controls and compares toxicity in terms of hematological parameters. METHODS: Thirty-one patients with skeletal metastases were treated for pain relief with either 32P (16 patients) or 89Sr (15 patients). Inclusion criteria were pain from bone scan-positive sites above a subjective score of 5 of 10 despite analgesic therapy with narcotic or non-narcotic medication, limitation of movement related to the performance of routine daily activity and a predicted life expectancy of at least 4 mo. The patients had not had chemotherapy or radiotherapy during the previous 6 wk and had normal serum creatinine, white cell and platelet counts. 32P was given orally as a 12 mCi dose, and 89Sr was given intravenously as a 4 mCi (148 MBq) dose. The patients were monitored for 4 mo. RESULTS: Complete absence of pain was seen in 7 of 16 patients who were given 32P and in 7 of 15 patients who were given 89Sr. Pain scores fell by at least 50% of the pretreatment score in 14 of 16 patients who were given 32P and 14 of 15 patients who were given 89Sr. Mean duration of pain relief was 9.6 wk with 32P and 10 wk with 89Sr. Analgesic scores fell along with the drop in pain scores. A fall in total white cell, absolute granulocyte and platelet counts occurred in all patients. Subnormal values of white cells and platelets were seen in 5 and 7 patients, respectively, with 32P, and in 0 and 4 patients, respectively, after 89Sr therapy. The decrease in platelet count (but not absolute granulocyte count) was statistically significant when 32P patients were compared with 89Sr patients. However, in no instance did the fall in blood counts require treatment. Absolute granulocyte counts did not fall below 1000 in any patient. There was no significant difference between the two treatments in terms of either efficacy or toxicity. CONCLUSION: No justification has been found in this study for the recommendation of 89Sr over the considerably less expensive oral 32P for the palliation of skeletal pain from metastases of advanced cancer.  (+info)

A prospective randomized study of megestrol acetate and ibuprofen in gastrointestinal cancer patients with weight loss. (5/17899)

The use of megestrol acetate in the treatment of weight loss in gastrointestinal cancer patients has been disappointing. The aim of the present study was to compare the combination of megestrol acetate and placebo with megestrol acetate and ibuprofen in the treatment of weight loss in such patients. At baseline, 4-6 weeks and 12 weeks, patients underwent measurements of anthropometry, concentrations of albumin and C-reactive protein and assessment of appetite, performance status and quality of life using EuroQol-EQ-5D and EORTC QLQ-C30. Thirty-eight and 35 patients (median weight loss 18%) were randomized to megestrol acetate/placebo or megestrol acetate/ibuprofen, respectively, for 12 weeks. Forty-six (63%) of patients failed to complete the 12-week assessment. Of those evaluable at 12 weeks, there was a decrease in weight (median 2.8 kg) in the megestrol acetate/placebo group compared with an increase (median 2.3 kg) in the megestrol acetate/ibuprofen group (P<0.001). There was also an improvement in the EuroQol-EQ-5D quality of life scores of the latter group (P<0.05). The combination of megestrol acetate/ibuprofen appeared to reverse weight loss and appeared to improve quality of life in patients with advanced gastrointestinal cancer. Further trials of this novel regimen in weight-losing patients with hormone-insensitive cancers are warranted.  (+info)

Second-line treatment for primary central nervous system lymphoma. (6/17899)

Failure after first-line treatment was reported in 35-60% of immunocompetent patients with primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL). There are currently no reports focusing on salvage therapy. This review analyses prognostic factors and the efficacy of salvage therapy by focusing on data from papers reporting results of first-line treatment in 355 cases. The study group consisted of 173 patients presenting treatment failure. The interval between failure and death (TTD) was compared for age at relapse (< or =60 vs. >60 years), type of failure (relapse vs. progression), time to relapse (< or =12 vs. >12 months) and salvage treatment (yes vs no). Median TTD was similar in younger and older patients (P = 0.09). Relapsed patients had a longer TTD than patients with progressive disease (P = 0.002). Early relapse led to a shorter TTD than late relapse (P = 0.005). Median TTD was 14 months for patients who underwent salvage therapy and 2 months for untreated cases (P<0.00001). A multivariate analysis showed an independent prognostic role for salvage therapy and time to relapse. Age and type of failure had no predictive value. Salvage therapy significantly improves outcome and, possibly, quality of life. As many different treatments were used conclusions cannot be made regarding an optimal treatment schedule.  (+info)

Defining and analysing symptom palliation in cancer clinical trials: a deceptively difficult exercise. (7/17899)

The assessment of symptom palliation is an essential component of many treatment comparisons in clinical trials, yet an extensive literature search revealed no consensus as to its precise definition, which could embrace relief of symptoms, time to their onset, duration, degree, as well as symptom control and prevention. In an attempt to assess the importance of these aspects and to compare different methods of analysis, we used one symptom (cough) from a patient self-assessment questionnaire (the Rotterdam Symptom Checklist) in a large (>300 patient) multicentre randomized clinical trial (conducted by the Medical Research Council Lung Cancer Working Party) of palliative chemotherapy in small-cell lung cancer. The regimens compared were a two-drug regimen (2D) and a four-drug regimen (4D). No differences were seen between the regimens in time of onset of palliation or its duration. The degree of palliation was strongly related to the initial severity: 90% of the patients with moderate or severe cough at baseline reported improvement, compared with only 53% of those with mild cough. Analyses using different landmark time points gave conflicting results: the 4D regimen was superior at 1 month and at 3 months, whereas at 2 months the 2D regimen appeared superior. When improvement at any time up to 3 months was considered, the 4D regimen showed a significant benefit (4D 79%, 2D 60%, P = 0.02). These findings emphasize the need for caution in interpreting results, and the importance of working towards a standard definition of symptom palliation. The current lack of specified criteria makes analysis and interpretation of trial results difficult, and comparison across trials impossible. A standard definition of palliation for use in the analysis of clinical trials data is proposed, which takes into account aspects of onset, duration and degree of palliation, and symptom improvement, control and prevention.  (+info)

Is revision as good as primary hip replacement? A comparison of quality of life. (8/17899)

Primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) is one of the most effective ways of improving quality of life (QoL). We have compared the improvement in QoL in 62 patients who had a cemented revision of a THA with that of 62 primary replacements. One year after operation the median QoL score had been significantly improved in both groups; from 0.870 to 0.990 in the primary group (p < 0.0001) and from 0.870 to 0.980 in the revised group (p < 0.0001). There was no significant difference in the improvement in scores between the groups (p = 0.29). When reviewed after four years there was no difference in the pain score for either group (p = 0.89), but that for function had deteriorated significantly. This was associated with revision surgery (p = 0.018) and a low preoperative QoL score (p = 0.004). We conclude that both primary and revision operations give a significant improvement in the QoL but function after revision may be less durable than after a primary arthroplasty.  (+info)

Myint, PK, Luben, RN, Surtees, PG, Wainwright, NWJ, Wareham, NJ and Khaw, KT (2010) Physical health-related quality of life predicts the incidence of Coronary Heart Disease in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer (EPIC) - Norfolk prospective population based study. International Journal of Epidemiology, 39 (4). pp. 996-1003. ISSN 1464-3685 Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy ...
Two self-administered quality-of-life measures, the McGill Quality of Life Questionnaire (MQOL) and the Patient Evaluated Problem Scores (PEPS) were compared in patients receiving palliative care. The MQOL is a multidimensional questionnaire consisting of 16 items in five quality-of-life (QOL) domains: physical symptoms, physical well-being, psychological, existential and support domains. The PEPS is an individualized questionnaire asking patients to identify and rate major problems affecting their QOL. Both questionnaires were completed by 36 patients during outpatient clinic visits in three palliative care settings in Wales. Of those patients who stated their questionnaire preference 60% favoured MQOL due to its comprehensiveness, while others (28%) preferred PEPS due to its simplicity. The MQOL showed excellent internal consistency (a = 0.90). The intrapatient analysis of answers from both questionnaires showed that MQOL was better than PEPS in reporting physical symptoms and support domain, ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - The impact of gastrointestinal and genitourinary toxicity on health related quality of life among irradiated prostate cancer patients. AU - Schaake, Wouter. AU - Wiegman, Erwin M.. AU - de Groot, Martijn. AU - van der Laan, Hans Paul. AU - van der Schans, Cees. AU - van den Bergh, Alfons C.M.. AU - Langendijk, Johannes A.. PY - 2013. Y1 - 2013. N2 - PURPOSE: To determine the impact of late radiation-induced toxicity on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among patients with prostate cancer.PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study sample was composed of 227 patients, treated with external beam radiotherapy. Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 3.0 were used to grade late genitourinary and gastrointestinal toxicity. The European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of life Questionnaire C30 (EORTC QLQ-C30) was used to assess HRQoL at baseline, and 6, 12 and 24 months after completion of radiotherapy. Statistical analysis was performed using a ...
Both HRQoL and the prevalence of side effects were not statistically significantly different between screening and control groups whereas treatment choices between the two groups were statistically significantly different. The mean scores of sleeping and sexual dimensions of the 15D and the mean 15D scores of the screening population were statistically significantly lower in comparison with reference population. Treatment choices were associated with the prevalence of prostate-specific side effects, the sexual dimension of the 15D and overall HRQoL. Sex-related symptoms were the most common side effects and higher occurrence was observed in surgery patients. The presence of erectile side effects was associated with the sexual dimension of the 15D and overall HRQoL. However, other side effects were not found to be related to the three dimensions (sleeping, elimination and sexual activity) of the 15D or overall HRQoL. After adjusting for a number of factors, patients who experienced the worst ...
The Physical Quality of Life Index (PQLI) is an attempt to measure the quality of life or well-being of a country. The value is the average of three statistics: basic literacy rate, infant mortality, and life expectancy at age one, all equally weighted on a 0 to 100 scale.. It was developed for the Overseas Development Council in the mid-1970s by Morris David Morris, as one of a number of measures created due to dissatisfaction with the use of GNP as an indicator of development. PQLI might be regarded as an improvement but shares the general problems of measuring quality of life in a quantitative way. It has also been criticized because there is considerable overlap between infant mortality and life expectancy.[1]. The UN Human Development Index is a more widely used means of measuring well-being.. Steps to Calculate Physical Quality of Life:. 1) Find percentage of the population that is literate (literacy rate).. 2) Find the infant mortality rate. (out of 1000 births) INDEXED Infant Mortality ...
Post-procedure, patients remained hospitalized and were monitored for 24 to 48 h. Clinical follow-up was recommended at 3 months and annually. Before and after ablation at 3 months and 1, 2, and 3 years, patients received a questionnaire that included QoL assessment, symptom information, and self-reports of arrhythmia recurrences (and interventions) that occurred outside of follow-up visits. All reported outcomes were timed in relation to the patients last ablation at Mayo Clinic.. Health-related QoL was assessed with the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form-36 (SF-36). The SF-36 contains 8 individual scales, scored from 0 (worst health) to 100 (best health). Raw scores were presented as T scores in comparison with a healthy normal population with a mean score set at 50 with an SD of 10. In addition to a total score, physical component summary (PCS) and mental component summary (MCS) scores were assessed on a raw scale of 0 to 100 (14).. After August 2004, the Mayo AF-Specific Symptom Inventory ...
In a longitudinal study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Husson et al found that health-related quality of life improved between diagnosis and 2 years after diagnosis in adolescent/young adult (AYA) patients with cancer, but it remained impaired compared with population norms.. Study Details. The study involved 176 patients aged 15 to 39 years with various cancers from 5 U.S. institutions who completed the Short Form-36 Health Survey (SF-36) within 4 months after diagnosis and at 12 and 24 months later. The SF-36 summary physical component scale (PCS) and mental component scale (MCS) scores were converted to T scores ranging from 0 to 100, with a higher score indicating better health-related quality of life.. Changes Over Time. At baseline, AYA patients had significantly poorer mean PCS scores (38.7 vs 52.9, P , .001) and MCS scores (42.9 vs 48.9, P , .001) vs population norms (ages 18-40 years). AYA patients had significant improvements in PCS and MCS scores from baseline at 12 ...
The effects of physical activity on prescription (PAP) on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in overweight adults are unclear. We therefore aimed to explore the effects of the Swedish PAP model on HRQoL in overweight older adults. Participants were recruited from a cohort of men and women born between 1937 and 1938, and living in Stockholm County. Inclusion criteria were; insufficiently physically active, i.e. |30 min of at least moderate intensity physical activity (PA) per day; body mass index |25 kg/m2; and waist circumference ≥102 cm (men) or ≥88 cm (women). Altogether, 101 individuals, aged 67 years, were randomly assigned to two parallel groups: intervention group (n = 47) receiving individualised PAP or control group (n = 54). The 36-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) was administered before and after the six months intervention. Main outcomes were the SF-36 physical component summary (PCS) and mental component summary (MCS) scores. Intention to treat analysis was utilised. Regression
Background Our aim was to investigate the existence of a reciprocal relationship between patients assessment of quality of life and their appraisal of health. If present, this relationship will interfere with the interpretation of heart surgerys effect on overall quality of life. Methods Path analysis was used to investigate reciprocal causal relationships between general health perceptions and overall quality of life before and after heart surgery. Longitudinal data from a study of coronary artery bypass surgery were used to model lagged, cross-lagged, and simultaneous paths over four time-points of assessment from before surgery to one year afterwards. The conceptual framework for the analysis was the Wilson and Cleary causal pathway model. General health perceptions were measured with the Short Form 36. Overall quality of life was measured with i) a single question regarding life satisfaction and ii) the multi-item Quality of Life Survey. Results Acceptable model fit was obtained for ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Does mode of administration affect health-related quality-of-life outcomes after stroke?. AU - Caute, Anna. AU - Northcott, Sarah. AU - Clarkson, Lisa. AU - Pring, Tim. AU - Hilari, Katerina. PY - 2012/8/1. Y1 - 2012/8/1. N2 - Telephone interviews and postal surveys may be a resource-efficient way of assessing health-related quality-of-life post-stroke, if they produce data equivalent to face-to-face interviews. This study explored whether telephone interviews and postal surveys of the Stroke and Aphasia Quality of Life Scale (SAQOL-39g) yielded similar results to face-to-face interviews. Participants included people with aphasia and comprised two groups: group one (n =22) were 3-6 months post-stroke; group two (n =26) were ≥1 year post-stroke. They completed either a face-to-face and a telephone interview or a face-to-face interview and a postal survey of the SAQOL-39g. Response rates were higher for group two (87%) than for group one (72-77%). There were no significant ...
Background: The EORTC 24971/TAX 323, a phase III study of 358 patients with unresectable locoregionally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck, showed an improved progression-free and overall survival (OS) with less toxicity when docetaxel (T) was added to cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil (PF) for induction and given before radiotherapy (RT). The impact of the addition of docetaxel on patients health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and symptoms was investigated. Methods: HRQOL was assessed at baseline, at end of cycle 2, and 4, 6, and 9 months after completion of RT using the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Quality of Life Questionnaire C30 (QLQ-C30) and the EORTC QLQ Head and Neck Cancer-Specific Module (EORTC QLQ-H&N35). The primary HRQOL scale was global HRQOL per protocol. Results: Compliance to HRQOL assessments was 97% at baseline, but dropped to 54% by 6 months. Data were analysed up to 6 months. There was a trend towards improved global HRQOL ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Impact of chronic gastrointestinal symptoms in diabetes mellitus on health-related quality of life. AU - Talley, Nicholas J.. AU - Young, Lisa. AU - Bytzer, Peter. AU - Hammer, Johann. AU - Leemon, Melanie. AU - Jones, Michael. AU - Horowitz, Michael. PY - 2001. Y1 - 2001. N2 - OBJECTIVES: Morbidity from GI symptoms in diabetes is considered to be high, but no studies have quantified the impact of GI symptoms in diabetes on health-related quality of life. We hypothesized that diabetics reporting increased GI symptoms would experience more impaired quality of life. METHODS: Subjects from the community with diabetes (n = 892) and outpatients with diabetes (n = 209) were recruited for this study. Subjects were divided into type 1 (diabetes diagnosed at age ,30 yr and requiring insulin) and type 2. A validated questionnaire measuring GI symptoms and diabetes status and the Short Form-36 were completed. The results were compared with Australian normal data. GI symptom groups measured ...
Research Team: Montse Ferrer, Jordi Alonso, Olatz Garin, Àngels Pont. The International health-related Quality of life Outcomes Database (IQOD) Group defines as general objective to develop a database of HRQL item responses, clinical and socio-demographic data from multiple sources of HRQL studies conducted throughout Europe; with the purpose of evaluating the psychometric properties of linguistically validated versions of three HRLQ instruments . The selected instruments were: The Womens Health Questionnaire (WHQ), the Psychological General Well-being Index (PGWB), and the Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire (MLHFQ). Each of these instruments was selected for the IQOD project because of favourable reports of its reliability and validity, its linguistic adaptation into multiple European languages, and its extensive use throughout Europe and the US. However, the metric properties of these different versions have not been cross-culturally evaluated. The MLHFQ contains 2 domains ...
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.Combined exposure to several healthy behaviors (HB) is associated with reduced mortality in older adults but its impact on health-related quality of life (HRQL) is uncertain. This is a cohort study of 2,388 individuals aged ≥60 recruited in 2000-2001, whose data were updated in 2003 and 2009. At baseline, participants reported both traditional HB (non-smoking, being very or moderately active, healthy diet) and non-traditional HB (sleeping 7-8 h/d, being seated <8 h/d, and seeing friends every day). HRQL was measured with the SF-36 questionnaire at baseline, in 2003 (short-term) and in 2009 (long-term); a higher score on the SF-36 represents better HRQL. Linear regression models were used to assess the association between HB at baseline and HRQL in 2003 and ...
The older Hispanic population of the U.S. is growing at a tremendous rate. While ethnic-related risk and complications of diabetes are widely-acknowledged for older Hispanics, less is known about how health related quality of life is affected in this population. Cross-sectional study assessing differences in health related quality of life between older Mexican Americans with and without diabetes. Participants (n = 619) from the Hispanic Established Population for the Epidemiological Study of the Elderly were interviewed in their homes. The primary measure was the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form (SF-36). The sample was 59.6% female with a mean age of 78.3 (SD = 5.2) years. 31.2% (n = 193) of the participants were identified with diabetes. Individuals with diabetes had significantly (F = 19.35, p | .001) lower scores on the Physical Composite scale (mean = 37.50, SD = 12.69) of the SF-36 compared to persons without diabetes (mean = 43.04, SD = 12.22). There was no significant difference between persons
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a respiratory disorder, which is currently one of the leading causes of chronic morbidity and
International Journal of Hypertension is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that provides a forum for clinicians and basic scientists interested in blood pressure regulation and pathophysiology, as well as treatment and prevention of hypertension. The journal publishes original research articles, review articles, and clinical studies on the etiology and risk factors of hypertension, with a special focus on vascular biology, epidemiology, pediatric hypertension, and hypertensive nephropathy.
Do you ever feel like life is kicking you in the butt? Or do you ever feel like life is dragging you down? Though it may be hard preventing negativity from pulling you into a rut when you have a chronic condition, like hepatitis B, being more positive can help lift your spirits. When you do this, you can improve your health-related quality of life!. Though there is no set definition for health-related quality of life, the CDC defines it as an individuals or a groups perceived physical and mental health over time. Health related quality of life explains how a persons physical, emotional, mental and social aspects impact their overall life. Health-related quality of life can impact your overall well-being, which the CDC defines as a positive outcome that is meaningful for people. Basically, improving health-related quality of life and overall well-being can help people feel that things are going well in their lives. Ultimately, this can help decrease stress and improve how well someone ...
BACKGROUND: The SF-36 is a generic health status measure which has gained popularity as a measure of outcome in a wide variety of patient groups and social surveys. However, there is a need for even shorter measures, which reduce respondent burden. The developers of the SF-36 have consequently suggested that a 12-item sub-set of the items may accurately reproduce the two summary component scores which can be derived from the SF-36 [the Physical Component Summary Score (PCS) and Mental Health Component Summary Score (MCS)]. In this paper, we adopt scoring algorithms for the UK SF-36 and SF-12 summary scores to evaluate the picture of change gained in various treatment groups. METHODS: The SF-36 was administered in three treatment groups (ACE inhibitors for congestive heart failure, continuous positive airways therapy for sleep apnoea, and open vs laparoscopic surgery for inguinal hernia). RESULTS: PCS and MCS scores calculated from the SF-36 or a sub-set of 12 items (the SF-12) were virtually identical
Previous studies have shown that treatment-naïve HCV patients treated with RBV and IFN experience a significant PRO impairment.[13,14] In particular, the use of IFN causes substantial side effects, including debilitating ones such as severe depression, which, in turn, affect patients ability to sustain treatment long enough to obtain a cure whether through medical discontinuation or through patients nonadherence. The use of RBV also has been shown to decrease PROs during treatment. However, the PRO data in patients who are retreated after having experienced another course of treatment have not been reported. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate PROs during treatment with and without the use of IFN in patients who participated in a prior study of an IFN-containing or an IFN-free DAA-based regimen and has not achieved SVR ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Health-related quality of life. T2 - A guide for the health professional. AU - Nanda, Upasana. AU - Andresen, Elena. PY - 1998. Y1 - 1998. N2 - The importance of evaluating health care in terms of patients quality of life has only recently been acknowledged in the context of outcomes research and the measurement of quality of care. As a health professional, trying to choose the appropriate health status or health-related quality of life (HRQOL) measure can be daunting, as one is faced with a bewildering array of choices. The purpose of this article is to describe the process by which professionals might make a choice about measures in outcomes research. The article includes examples and rationale for using generic or disease- specific HRQOL measures. In addition, examples are provided of HRQOL assessment in two adult chronic disease applications: asthma and congestive heart failure.. AB - The importance of evaluating health care in terms of patients quality of life has only ...
The Medical Outcome Study Short Form 36-Item Health Survey (SF-36) is a self-administered questionnaire that measures the impact of disease on overall quality of life and consists of 36 questions in eight domains. The domains include physical (physical functioning, role limitations due to physical health (role-physical), general health perceptions and pain) and mental domains (energy/fatigue (vitality), social functioning, emotional well-being (mental health), and role limitations due to emotional problems (role emotional)). The individual domain scores are calculated and transformed to range from 0 to 100, with higher scores indicating a better level of functioning ...
The InterStim System is the Only Proven, Long-Term Sacral Neuromodulation Solution for Overactive Active Bladder. DUBLIN - July 17, 2017 - Medtronic plc (NYSE: MDT) today announced that the InterStim(TM) system, which provides sacral neuromodulation therapy, offers sustained long-term efficacy and quality of life improvements for overactive bladder (OAB) at five years.1 Results of the InSite study, which were published online in the Journal of Urology,1 found that 82 percent of patients had therapeutic success (defined as a greater than 50 percent improvement in symptoms) at five years and sustained quality of life improvements. Effective long-term bladder control is critical because OAB is a chronic condition that significantly impacts all aspects of a persons quality of life, including confidence, activities and intimacy, said Steven Siegel, M.D., primary investigator and director, Metro Urology Centers for Female Urology and Continence Care, Minneapolis, Minn. Many struggle to find ...
This study compared effects of exercise-based interventions with usual care on functional decline, physical performance, and health-related quality of life (12-item Short-Form health survey) at 3 and 6 months after minor injuries, in older adults discharged from emergency departments. Participants were randomized either to the intervention or control groups. The interventions consisted of 12-week exercise programs available in their communities. Groups were compared on cumulative incidences of functional decline, physical performances, and 12-item Short-Form health survey scores at all time points. Functional decline incidences were: intervention, 4.8% versus control, 15.4% (p = .11) at 3 months, and 5.3% versus 17.0% (p = .06) at 6 months. While the control group remained stable, the intervention group improved in Five Times Sit-To-Stand Test (3.0 ± 4.5 s, p , .01). The 12-item Short-Form health survey role physical score improvement was twice as high following intervention compared with ...
There is a growing interest to use quality of life as one of the dialysis outcome measurement. Based on the Malaysian National Renal Registry data on 15 participating sites, 1569 adult subjects who were alive at December 31, 2012, aged 18 years old and above were screened. Demographic and medical data of 1332 eligible subjects were collected during the administration of the short form of World Health Organization Quality of Life questionnaire (WHOQOL-BREF) in Malay, English, and Chinese language, respectively. The primary objective is to evaluate the quality of life among dialysis patients using WHOQOL-BREF. The secondary objective is to examine significant factors that affect quality of life score. Mean (SD) transformed quality of life scores were 56.2 (15.8), 59.8 (16.8), 58.2 (18.5), 59.5 (14.6), 61.0 (18.5) for (1) physical, (2) psychological, (3) social relations, (4) environment domains, and (5) combined overall quality of life and general health, respectively. Peritoneal dialysis group ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Physical activity-related differences in body mass index and patient-reported quality of life in socioculturally diverse endometrial cancer survivors. AU - Rossi, Amerigo. AU - Garber, Carol Ewing. AU - Kaur, Gurpreet. AU - Xue, Xiaonan (Nan). AU - Goldberg, Gary L.. AU - Nevadunsky, Nicole S.. PY - 2017/2/16. Y1 - 2017/2/16. N2 - Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe physical activity-related differences in body composition, quality of life, and behavioral variables among a socioculturally diverse sample of endometrial cancer survivors. Methods: Ambulatory, English-speaking endometrial cancer survivors (6 months to 5 years post-treatment), who were residents of Bronx, NY, were recruited to complete questionnaires about physical activity (PA), quality of life (QoL), and psychosocial characteristics. Body weight and height were obtained from medical records to determine body mass index (BMI). ANOVA and independent sample t tests were used to determine differences ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Advances in quality of life measurements in oncology patients. AU - Cella, David. AU - Chang, Chih Hung. AU - Lai, Jin Shei. AU - Webster, Kimberly. PY - 2002/1/1. Y1 - 2002/1/1. N2 - Accurate assessment of the quality of life (QOL) of patients can provide important clinical information to physicians, especially in the area of oncology. Changes in QOL are important indicators of the impact of a new cytotoxic therapy, can affect a patients willingness to continue treatment, and may aid in defining response in the absence of quantifiable endpoints such as tumor regression. Because QOL is becoming an increasingly important aspect in the management of patients with malignant disease, it is vital that the instruments used to measure QOL are reliable and accurate. Assessment of QOL involves a multidimensional approach that includes physical, functional, social, and emotional well-being, and the most comprehensive instruments measure at least three of these domains. Instruments to ...
1. Falder S, Browne A, Edgar D, Staples E, Fong J, Rea S, et al. Core outcomes for adult burn survivors: a clinical overview. Burns. 2009;35(5):618-41. doi: 10.1016/j.burns.2008.09.002 19111399. 2. Spronk I, Legemate C, Oen I, van Loey NE, Polinder S, van Baar ME. Health related quality of life in adults after burn injuries: a systematic review. PLoS One. 2018;13(5):e0197507. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0197507 29795616. 3. Group WHOQOL. The World Health Organization quality of life assessment (WHOQOL): position paper from the World Health Organization. Soc Sci Med. 1995;41(10):1403-9. doi: 10.1016/0277-9536(95)00112-k 8560308. 4. Öster C, Willebrand M, Ekselius L. Health-related quality of life 2 years to 7 years after burn injury. J Trauma Inj Infect Crit Care. 2011;71(5):1435-41.. 5. McGlynn EA, Schneider EC, Kerr EA. Reimagining quality measurement. N Engl J Med. 2014;371(23):2150-3. doi: 10.1056/NEJMp1407883 25470693. 6. Ryan CM, Schneider JC, Kazis LE, Lee A, Li NC, Hinson M, et al. ...
BACKGROUND: After deep venous thrombosis (DVT), many patients have impaired quality of life (QOL). We aimed to assess whether pharmacomechanical catheter-directed thrombolysis (PCDT) improves short-term or long-term QOL in patients with proximal DVT and whether QOL is related to extent of DVT. METHODS: The Acute Venous Thrombosis: Thrombus Removal with Adjunctive Catheter-Directed Thrombolysis (ATTRACT) trial was an assessor-blinded randomized trial that compared PCDT with no PCDT in patients with DVT of the femoral, common femoral, or iliac veins. QOL was assessed at baseline and 1 month, 6 months, 12 months, 18 months, and 24 months using the Venous Insufficiency Epidemiological and Economic Study on Quality of Life/Symptoms (VEINES-QOL/Sym) disease-specific QOL measure and the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) physical component summary (PCS) and mental component summary general QOL measures. Change in QOL scores from baseline to assessment time were compared in the PCDT and no PCDT ...
Phase I trials aim to identify the recommended dose for further development. Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) could be a complement to the usual National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI-CTCAE) scale to detect adverse events and define the doses. The objective of this study is to review the phase I in oncology which used HRQoL as endpoint. A search in PubMed database identified phase I trials in oncology with HRQoL as endpoint, published between January 2012 to May 2016. Hematological and pediatric phase I were excluded. A total of 1333 phase I were identified and 15 trials were identified with HRQoL as endpoint (1.1%). The European Organisation for Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire C30 (EORTC QLQ-C30) was the most frequently used instrument: 5 studies (33.3%). The targeted dimensions of HRQoL and the minimal clinically important difference were prespecified in 1 study (6.7%) and 2 studies (13.3%), respectively. Twelve studies (80%) described the
Establishing predictors of quality of life (QoL) in individuals with inflammatory bowel disease could help to identify those patients who are most likely to experience poor quality of life.. It would then be possible to target therapeutic interventions appropriately.. Dr Welfare and colleagues undertook a study to investigate how disease-specific QoL depends on demographic, disease related, and physiological markers of disease activity, cognitive representations of illness, and perceived general health status.. The researchers collected a total of 111 Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaires (IBDQ), Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Surveys (SF-36), and Illness Perception Questionnaires (IPQ).. The research team was able to determine the extent of disease from records, and disease activity by a symptom index.. The researchers used bivariate analyses and multivariate regression models to identify predictors of disease-specific quality of life.. ...
Among a prospective cohort of patients on hemodialysis who underwent protocolized thyroid testing every 6 months, higher TSH levels were associated with impairments across multiple HRQOL domains. Higher baseline and time-dependent TSH tertiles were associated with lower (worse) HRQOL domain scores for energy/fatigue and physical function, respectively. When examined as a continuous variable, higher baseline TSH levels were associated with worse scores for role limitations due to physical health, energy/fatigue, and pain and trended toward an association with worse scores for social functioning and role limitations due to emotional problems. In analyses of time-dependent TSH as a continuous variable, we similarly observed that higher TSH levels were significantly associated with impairments in role limitations due to physical health and trended toward an association with worse physical function and pain.. In the general population, there has been increasing recognition of the effect of thyroid ...
Health-related quality-of-life outcomes of sirolimus-treated kidney transplant patients after elimination of cyclosporine A: results of a 2-year randomized clinical trial. ...
DENVER, Oct. 18 Results from a University of Pittsburgh study evaluating intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) for head and neck cancer determined the ideal doses for lessening treatment side effects. The findings were presented today at the 47th Annual Meeting of the American Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology (ASTRO) in Denver. Despite major advances in chemotherapy and radiation for the treatment of head and neck cancers, many patients continue to suffer debilitating side effects that greatly impact their quality of life, said Dwight E. Heron, M.D., study co-author and associate professor of radiation oncology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and director of radiation oncology, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center. While these high-energy beams are targeted to the tumor site as precisely as possible, they often inadvertently injure healthy tissue that surrounds the tumor site, limiting the doses of radiation that can be used to effectively destroy ...
The Life Quality Index (LQI) is a compound social indicator of human welfare that reflects the expected length of life in good health and enhancement of the quality of life through access to income. The Life Quality Index combines two primary social indicators: the expectancy of healthy life at birth, E, and the real gross domestic product per person, G, corrected for purchasing power parity as appropriate. Both are widely available and accurate statistics. The three components of the Life Quality Index, G, E and K reflect three important human concerns: the creation of wealth, the duration of life in good health and the time available to enjoy life. The amount of life available to enjoy wealth acts as a multiplying factor upon the value of that wealth. Conversely, the amount of income one has to enjoy that available lifetime acts as a multiplier on the expected duration of life. Unlike the United Nations Human Development Index (HDI), the LQI is derived rigorously from the economics of human ...
My name is Ruth Slattery. I am a sixty year old wife and mother of five sons all born at home.. I have always believed in a natural, whole foods approach to life. Having a degree in anthropology from the University of Texas at Austin made understanding and accepting the philosophy and science of the Perfect Health Diet by Paul Jaminet PHD and Shou-Ching Jaminet PHD logical and easy. The atmosphere and support at Albert Oaks makes the transition to a well rounded healthy lifestyle as easy as possible. The delicious meals by chef/owner Damon Young, oak covered grounds,chicken coop, orchard and beautiful vegetable gardens remind us of and attach us to the natural food and life experiences. Participants are encouraged to join in on caring for the chickens, gardening and cooking if interested. Personally I enjoy tending the chickens and gardening.. At Albert Oaks one learns the importance of proper light exposure, sleep, exercise and nutrition in acquiring and maintaining good health. ...
There appears to be a paradox in the prostate cancer literature: despite the fact that age and comorbidities are positively correlated, comorbidities are associated with worse physical and emotional quality of life while age is associated with worse physical quality of life but better emotional quality of life. Emotional support and positive reframing coping strategies may help explain part of this paradox in that they may be more frequently used by older prostate cancer patients and associated with better emotional quality of life. In an effort to better understand this paradox, the present questionnaire-based study of pre-treatment prostate cancer patients (n=74) investigated 1) the relations among age, comorbidity level, emotional quality of life, and physical quality of life, 2) age as a potential moderator of the association between comorbidities and emotional quality of life, and 3) an age-specific coping strategy comprised of emotional support and positive reframing as a mediator of the ...
There appears to be a paradox in the prostate cancer literature: despite the fact that age and comorbidities are positively correlated, comorbidities are associated with worse physical and emotional quality of life while age is associated with worse physical quality of life but better emotional quality of life. Emotional support and positive reframing coping strategies may help explain part of this paradox in that they may be more frequently used by older prostate cancer patients and associated with better emotional quality of life. In an effort to better understand this paradox, the present questionnaire-based study of pre-treatment prostate cancer patients (n=74) investigated 1) the relations among age, comorbidity level, emotional quality of life, and physical quality of life, 2) age as a potential moderator of the association between comorbidities and emotional quality of life, and 3) an age-specific coping strategy comprised of emotional support and positive reframing as a mediator of the ...
Background Chemotherapy treatment for metastatic breast cancer (MBC) has shown significant benefits in survival for breast cancer patients. However, chemotherapy is associated with several side effects that have a significant impact on patients quality of life. The objective of this analysis was to quantify the value patients with MBC place on reduced risk of treatment side effects.. Methods: A willingness to pay (WTP) survey was developed to assess metastatic breast cancer patients willingness to pay for a reduction in the risk of breast cancer treatment side effects. The survey assessed patients WTP for a 25%, 50% and 100% reduction in the risk of all side effects. Patients were also asked to select the side effect they would pay the most to avoid. Additionally, the survey collected demographic information such as treatment regimen, age, race/ethnicity, region, employment status, and insurance type.. Results: The survey was completed by 202 metastatic breast cancer patients. Most survey ...
Milwaukee, WI (PRWEB) May 25, 2017 -- A research study led by Drs. David Skaggs, Behrooz Akbarnia and Michael Vitale compared the health-related quality of
You had the right to know about possible breast cancer treatment side effects - such as from Taxotere - BEFORE beginning treatment.
Background: Depressive symptoms and chronic disease have adverse effects on patients health-related quality of life (H-RQOL). However, little is known about this effect on H-RQOL when only the two core depressive symptoms - loss of interest and depressed mood - are considered. The objective of this study is to investigate H-RQOL in the presence of loss of interest and depressed mood at a general medical outpatient unit. Methods: We evaluated 553 patients at their first attendance at a general medical outpatient unit of a teaching hospital. H-RQOL was assessed with the Medical Outcomes Study 36-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36). Depressed mood and loss of interest were assessed by the Primary Care Evaluation of Mental Disorders (PRIME-MD)Patient Questionnaire. A physician performed the diagnosis of chronic diseases by clinical judgment and classified them in 13 possible pre-defined categories. We used multiple linear regression to investigate associations between each domain of H-RQOL and ...
This study is the first to demonstrate the validity of the EQ-5D-5L UI and EQ-VAS in patients with COPD by showing significant correlations with established disease-specific HRQoL questionnaires and an ability to differentiate between groups defined according to disease severity. Furthermore, we demonstrate that the EQ-5D-5L is responsive to change following pulmonary rehabilitation, and that change in EQ-5D-5L correlates significantly with change in disease-specific HRQoL measures. Furthermore, to our knowledge, this is the first study to prospectively and purposely estimate the MID for both the EQ-5D-5L directly calculated UI and EQ-VAS. Using anchors measuring similar construct, we estimated the minimum important improvement in UI and VAS to be approximately 0.05 and 7.0, respectively.. The generic format of the EQ-5D enables comparisons of health change to be made with other conditions. It has been used in national surveys to measure population-level health status, including the Health ...
With increasing numbers of people suffering from a variety of orthopedic ailments, the use of orthopedic implants has become common. The surgeons use these implants for treatment of a wide range of bone related diseases such as fracture, several bone injuries, and joint pains. The surgeons replace the damaged bone and joint to give relief to the patient.. In India, manufacturers make and supply an entire range of orthopedic implants with high global quality standards ascertain. HEMC Ortho is one of the leading orthopedic implants manufacturers known for its quality production of a whole gamut of the implants. The company makes sure that each phase of the manufacturing takes place with global quality standards met. Implants such as rods, screws, pins, plates and host of others including the instruments are made in India and supplied to the domestic and overseas markets.. Types of implants used in orthopedic surgery There are many types of orthopedic implants. In fact, there are many implants used ...
Acpuris Intensive Spot Treatment - Get up-to-date information on Acpuris Intensive Spot Treatment side effects, uses, dosage, overdose, pregnancy, alcohol and more. Learn more about Acpuris Intensive Spot Treatment
Health-related QOL was measured by mean changes from baseline in the EORTC-QLQ-C30 global health status/quality of life composite scale and by mean changes from baseline in the remaining EORTC QLQ-C30 questionnaire, Version 3. The EORTC QLQ-C30 is a questionnaire developed to assess the QOL of cancer patients. The questionnaire is a 30-item tool covering multiple items, including 5 functional scales (physical, role, emotional, social, and cognitive); 3 symptom scales (fatigue, nausea and vomiting, and pain); a global health status/QOL scale; and 6 single items (dyspnea, insomnia, appetite loss, constipation, diarrhea, and financial difficulties). Scores for each item range from 0 to 100. A high score for a functional scale represents a high (healthy) level of functioning, and a high score for the global health status represents a high QOL. However, a high score for a symptom scale represents more severe symptoms ...
Background: In order to assess and plan for changing healthcare needs, the lack of available information regarding temporal changes in the health-related quality of life of a population must be addressed. Aim: This paper aims to describe such changes over 5 years in a general population. Design of study: Longitudinal postal questionnaire study. Setting: UK general practice. Method: This was a longitudinal postal questionnaire study in two general practice populations, using the generic instalment EQ-5D to measure health-related quality of life. Individuals were included if they responded to three postal surveys in 1999, 2001, and 2004 and there were three consecutive values of EQ-5Dindex available between 1999 and 2004. Results: A total of 2498 subjects were included in the study. After adjustment for potential confounders (including ageing), health-related quality of life declined significantly over the observation period. The change in EQ-5Dindex was from 0.79 to 0.74 and for EQ-5Dvas 76.8 to ...
Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a common disorder with a significant impact on health-related quality of life (HRQL). Due to symptoms based diagnosis, disease severity is usually estimated using questionnaires which evaluate subjective scores on severity of symptoms and deterioration of HRQL, like Sino-Nasal Outcome Test-22 Questionnaire (SNOT-22). Objective severity staging is rather based on computerized tomography (CT) scores than on severity of inflammation. There is recent evidence that perceived stress has significant impact on asthma incidence and hospitalization, as well as on allergic rhinitis. As CRS is comorbidity of asthma and allergic rhinitis, we hypothesized that perceived stress may have impact on severity of CRS. The aim of the study is to correlate objective and subjective outcome measures with perceived stress. ...
IN PATIENTS WITH estrogen receptor-positive, HER2-negative advanced or metastatic breast cancer, better quality of life may be prolonged by delaying the progression of the disease, according to an ongoing quality-of-life assessment from the PALOMA-2 study, presented by Nadia Harbeck, MD, PhD, of the Breast Cancer Center at the University of Munich, Germany, and colleagues, at the 2017 European School of Oncology (ESO)/ European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) International Consensus Conference for Advanced Breast Cancer (ABC4) in Lisbon, Portugal.1 Analysis of trial data showed that patients whose disease took longer to progress had a significantly greater delay in the deterioration of health-related quality of life compared with patients whose disease progressed earlier, regardless of which treatment they had received. This study is important because it shows for the first time that progression-free survival determination by imaging in a first-line clinical phase III trial indeed also ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Quality-of-life assessment as an outcomes measure in critical limb ischemia. AU - Alabi, Olamide. AU - Roos, Matthew. AU - Landry, Gregory. AU - Moneta, Gregory. N1 - Publisher Copyright: © 2016 Society for Vascular Surgery. PY - 2017/2/1. Y1 - 2017/2/1. N2 - Critical limb ischemia (CLI) is a diagnosis plagued by significant comorbidity and high mortality rates. Overall survival remains poor in this population regardless of the procedure-related success as demonstrated by freedom from amputation, intervention, and patency. The literature has traditionally focused on physician-centered and lesion-centered outcomes with regards to limb salvage procedures, but there remains a relative paucity of studies of CLI patients describing patient-centered outcomes such as quality of life (QoL), independent living, and ambulation status. Review of the available literature indicates patients do not always experience significant gains in their QoL after limb salvage interventions, despite ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Maternal perspectives on childrens health-related quality of life during the first year after pediatric hematopoietic stem cell transplant. AU - Parsons, Susan K.. AU - Shih, Mei Chiung. AU - DuHamel, Katherine N.. AU - Ostroff, Jamie. AU - Mayer, Deborah K.. AU - Austin, Jane. AU - Martini, D. Richard. AU - Williams, Sharon E.. AU - Mee, Laura. AU - Sexson, Sandra Griffin Bishop. AU - Kaplan, Sherrie H.. AU - Redd, William H.. AU - Manne, Sharon. PY - 2006/11/1. Y1 - 2006/11/1. N2 - Objective: To assess the longitudinal health-related quality of life (HRQL) of children receiving hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Methods: Mothers (N = 160) of HSCT recipients aged 5-20 at six US transplant centers completed the Child Health Ratings Inventories (CHRIs), the Disease Impairment Inventory (DSII)-HSCT module, and the Short Form (SF)-36 at baseline, 3, 6, and 12 months. Results: HRQL domain scores at baseline varied by recipient age and program site. Longitudinal data ...
BACKGROUND: Fragrance allergy is a lifelong condition that may give rise to permanent or recurrent contact dermatitis and may affect quality of life (QoL). The effect on QoL has not yet been investigated, and no disease-specific QoL instrument for fragrance allergy exists. OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate a disease-specific instrument to investigate QoL among fragrance-allergic subjects. METHOD: A fragrance QoL instrument (FQL index) was developed on the basis of narratives from 68 fragrance-allergic subjects, and consisted of 13 items. It was tested in a postal survey among 1650 participants patch tested at Gentofte University Hospital (2000-2010). The survey included other QoL instruments [Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) and Short Form 36 (SF36) version 2] and questions on eczema severity (response rate of 66%). A retest was conducted after 3-6 months (response rate of 72.5%). RESULTS: The FQL index showed a significant and strong correlation with the DLQI (rS = 0.70), and disease ...
Background: Approximately 20% of men with a diagnosis of prostate cancer present with locally advanced or advanced disease. Few studies consider longer-term impact of disease progression and treatment adverse effects on health-related quality of life (QoL) of these men. Objective: Describe changes in health-related QoL over 5 years for men with newly diagnosed locally advanced or advanced prostate cancer. Interventions/Methods: Eighty-one men with locally advanced or advanced prostate cancer referred to the study by their treating urologist completed a self-administered questionnaire assessing distress, cancer-specific distress, decision regret, satisfaction with life, and global and disease-specific health-related QoL. Questionnaires were administered close to diagnosis (baseline), 2, 6, 12, 24, 36, 48, and 60 months follow-up. Results: Men were of mean age 68.3 (SD, 7.9) years and at mean of 31.9 (SD, 50.5) days postdiagnosis. The most common treatment received was androgen deprivation therapy (95.1%
Some studies support the use of cannabis for these conditions. Still, because marijuana is federally illegal in the United States, research on medical cannabis to manage cancer symptoms and treatment side effects is limited. Patient surveys have provided important insights about how people use medical cannabis. About 42% of people diagnosed with breast cancer who completed our survey said they used medical cannabis products to manage breast cancer symptoms or treatment side effects. The people who used medical cannabis ranged in age, cancer stage, and treatment phase, and most (75%) found it to be very or extremely helpful. But again, its important to talk to your doctor about using cannabis products, especially during cancer treatment, to make sure its a safe option for you. If you find that your doctor is not knowledgeable or experienced with cannabis, you may want to seek advice from an oncologist who participates in your state or countrys medical cannabis program. Its important for ...
World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL-BREF) assessment for spinal cord injury. Learn more about personal injury cases in San Francisco by reading our San Francisco Personal Injury Attorney blog.
Thank you for visiting Life Improvement Radio After Dark. You may be wondering whats with the new website and name. First, we would like to thank you for your continued years of supporting Life Improvement Radio After Dark (LIRAD). We are pleased to announce that the station featuring Mature Content for Immature Audiences has been rebranded and renamed as Helium Radio After Dark (HRAD).. What is Helium Radio? Helium Radio is the overarching network that balloons over two existing global radio stations. Life Improvement Radio and now Helium Radio After Dark were born from our sister company, Life Improvement Media Group, Inc. Helium Radio has been a long-term project in the works. Now, each radio show has its own channel on this one-of-a-kind network.. Yes, we did it…we are a marketing and branding agency, after all!. Helium Radio After Dark will still entertain around the clock. For unfiltered, adult content, look no further than Helium Radio After Dark on the all-new Helium Radio Network. We ...
The aims of this study were: (1) to compare the discriminative ability of a disease-specific instrument, the St. Georges Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) to generic instruments (i.e., EQ-5D and SF-36); and (2), to evaluate the strength of associations among clinical and health-related quality of life (HRQL) measures in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We analyzed data collected from 120 COPD patients in a Veterans Affairs hospital. Patients self-completed two generic HRQL measures (EQ-5D and SF-36) and the disease-specific SGRQ. The ability of the summary scores of these HRQL measures to discriminate COPD disease severity based on Global Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) stage was assessed using relative efficiency ratios (REs). Strength of correlation was used to further evaluate associations between clinical and HRQL measures. Mean total scores for PCS-36, EQ-VAS and SGRQ were significantly lower for the more severe stages of COPD (p | 0.05). Using SGRQ total score as reference, the
MOREIRA, Ana Catarina et al. Nutritional status influences generic and disease-specific quality of life measures in haemodialysis patients. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2013, vol.28, n.3, pp.951-957. ISSN 1699-5198. http://dx.doi.org/10.3305/nh.2013.28.3.6454.. Background: Poor nutritional status and worse health-related quality of life (QoL) have been reported in haemodialysis (HD) patients. The utilization of generic and disease specific QoL questionnaires in the same population may provide a better understanding of the significance of nutrition in QoL dimensions. Objective: To assess nutritional status by easy to use parameters and to evaluate the potential relationship with QoL measured by generic and disease specific questionnaires. Methods: Nutritional status was assessed by subjective global assessment adapted to renal patients (SGA), body mass index (BMI), nutritional intake and appetite. QoL was assessed by the generic EuroQoL and disease specific Kidney Disease Quality of Life-Short Form ...
The purpose of this study was to investigate the costs and health status outcomes of intensive care unit (ICU) admission in patients who present after sudden cardiac arrest with in-hospital or out-of-hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Five-year survival, health-related quality of life (Medical Outcome Survey Short Form-36 questionnaire, SF-36), ICU costs, hospital costs and post-hospital health care costs per survivor, costs per life year gained, and costs per quality-adjusted life year gained of patients admitted to a single ICU were assessed. One hundred ten of 354 patients (31%) were alive 5 years after hospital discharge. The mean health status index of 5-year survivors was 0.77 (95% confidence interval 0.70 to 0.85). Women rated their health-related quality of life significantly better than men did (0.87 versus 0.74; P | 0.05). Costs per hospital discharge survivor were 49,952 €. Including the costs of post-hospital discharge health care incurred during their remaining life span, the total
For almost a year and a half, Shou-Ching and I have been trying to boil down everything we know about ancestral health - diet, nutrition, lifestyle, exercise, cooking, health management - and make it available in accessible forms.. One way were sharing our advice, the Perfect Health Seminar in Pittsburgh next Sunday, still has some open spots. Please join us! But the Perfect Health Retreat has been the truly outstanding laboratory for putting all of our ideas together. We control the environment, the schedule, the food, the exercise, and do health coaching before and after the Retreats. Its a good opportunity to try to optimize everything, teach everything, and see the impact on guests health over the months and years that follow.. Ill be blogging soon about early health results from May and our plans for the upcoming October retreats. But before getting into that, I thought it would be fun to share photos from the May Retreat.. ...
Background: The Chronic Liver Disease Questionnaire (CLDQ) is the first available and widely used disease-specific health-related quality of life (HRQOL) measure for chronic liver disease. It has been adapted to different countries but it has not been validated in the Cantonese-speaking Chinese population in Hong Kong (HK) where 8% of the population has chronic hepatitis B infection. Aim: The aim of this study is to translate, validate and test the psychometric properties of the CLDQ for the Chinese population in HK so that we can have a disease-specific HRQOL measures to evaluate the impact of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) infections.and the effectiveness of treatment. Methods: The Chinese (HK) CLDQ was tested on 150 patients in HK. Each patient completed a structured questionnaire on morbidity and socio-demographic, the Chinese (HK) CLDQ and Chinese (HK) SF-36 administered by a trained interviewer. Scaling assumptions were tested by item-domain correlations. Internal reliability was measured by ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Satisfaction with dietary life affects oral health-related quality of life and subjective well-being in very elderly people. AU - Iinuma, Toshimitsu. AU - Arai, Yasumichi. AU - Takayama, Midori. AU - Takayama, Michiyo. AU - Abe, Yukiko. AU - Osawa, Yusuke. AU - Fukumoto, Motoko. AU - Fukui, Yusuke. AU - Shioda, Yohei. AU - Hirose, Nobuyoshi. AU - Komiyama, Kazuo. AU - Gionhaku, Nobuhito. PY - 2017. Y1 - 2017. N2 - Age-related deterioration in physical and oral health reduces healthy life expectancy and is thus an important problem for very elderly people. We investigated the effects of satisfaction with dietary life (SDL) in everyday life on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) and subjective well-being and examined associations between these factors. We evaluated 426 elders aged 85 years or older. All participants completed a questionnaire that inquired about age, gender, drinking status, body mass index, cognitive function, disability, and comorbidities, among other ...
Aim: To explore the perceived threat of the risk of graft rejection and its relationship to psychological general well-being and self-efficacy 1-5 years after lung transplantation. Design: A nationwide, cross-sectional cohort study as a part of the Self-management after thoracic transplantation study. Methods: A total of 117 lung transplant recipients due for their yearly follow-up one (N = 35), two (N = 28), three (N = 23), four (N = 20) and 5 years (N = 11) after lung transplantation were included. We used three instruments; the Perceived Threat of the Risk of Graft Rejection, the Psychological General Well-being and Self-efficacy in chronic illness. Results: The lung recipients reported an overall low perceived threat of the risk of graft rejection with no gender differences. Intrusive anxiety explained 24.7% of the variance in the PGWB-sum (p ≤ 0.001) and makes a statistically significant (β = −497; p ≤ 0.001) unique contribution to the overall psychological general well-being (95%CI ...
Abstract: Objective: Although research has been conducted on how nurse staffing levels affect outcomes, there has been little investigation into how the health-related productivity of nurses is related to quality of care. Two major causes of worker presenteeism (reduced on-the-job productivity as a result of health problems) are musculoskeletal pain and mental health issues, particularly depression. This study sought to investigate the extent to which musculoskeletal pain or depression (or both) in RNs affects their work productivity and self-reported quality of care and considered the associated costs.Methods: Using a cross-sectional survey design, a random sample of 2,500 hospital-employed RNs licensed in North Carolina were surveyed using a survey instrument sent by postal mail. Specific measures included questions on individual and workplace characteristics, self-reported quality of care, and patient safety; a numeric pain rating scale, a depression tool (the Patient Health Questionnaire), ...
What is the HDQoL© ?. The Huntingtons Disease health-related Quality of Life questionnaire (HDQoL©) is a standardised instrument for measuring health-related quality of life. It is a validated disease-specific measure designed for Huntingtons disease. The HDQoL© can provide a summary score of overall health-related quality of life, as well as scores on several discrete scales.. The HDQoL© is an initiative of the Quality of Life Working Group of the European Huntingtons Disease Network (EHDN). This international project is funded by the EHDN, led by Dr Aileen Ho as Principal Investigator, and based at the University of Reading, U.K.. Who is the HDQoL© for?. The HDQoL© is for people who are living with Huntingtons disease. This includes people who are at risk for Huntingtons, people who have tested positive for the Huntingtons gene but do not have symptoms,and also for people at early through to late stages of disease. The HDQoL© can be used across the full spectrum of Huntingtons ...
OBJECTIVE: To carry out a longitudinal investigation of functional outcome, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and treatment strategies in JIA patients who started etanercept ,5 years ago. METHODS: We approached patients whose HRQoL changes were described previously in a subanalysis of the Dutch Arthritis and Biologicals in Children register. Recent disease status, co-morbidities and structural damage were retrieved. Disability and HRQoL were assessed by (Childhood) HAQ [(C)HAQ], Child Health Questionnaire, Short Form 36 and Health Utilities Index Mark 3. Changes over time were analysed with linear mixed models. RESULTS: Forty-three patients (81% response) started etanercept a median 8.5 years ago. At the time of this long-term analysis, median age was 22 years (interquartile range: 18-24 years). HRQoL outcome was similar to HRQoL 15-27 months after the initiation of etanercept; 42% had a (C)HAQ of 0.00 and 67% had achieved inactive disease. Patients reported increasing levels of bodily pain ...
BACKGROUND: Head and neck cancer is one of the six most prevalent neoplasms worldwide. Regardless of tumor site, deterioration of basic functions affecting head and neck areas are perceived and affect patients lives. The aim of this study was to evaluate quality of life (Short Form) and oral health related quality of life (OHIP-14) in patients with head and neck cancer. METHODS: This study was conducted on 42 patients being treated for head and neck cancer. Data collected from the survey included demographic (sex, age, and educational level), quality of life (QoL), and Oral Health Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL), which were, respectively, measured by short form-36 and OHIP-14 questionnaire. Cancer measurements were collected from the patients hospital records. ANOVA and t-tests were used to determine the association between QoL scores and the variables. RESULTS: 83.3% of the participants were men and 16.7% were women. Their mean age was 59.39 ± 12.5 years. 33.3% of the participants had oral cancer.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Health-resource use and quality of life in children with bronchiectasis. T2 - A multi-center pilot cohort study. AU - Lovie-Toon, Yolanda G.. AU - Grimwood, Keith. AU - Byrnes, Catherine A.. AU - Goyal, Vikas. AU - Busch, Greta. AU - Masters, I. Brent. AU - Marchant, Julie M.. AU - Buntain, Helen. AU - OGrady, Kerry Ann F.. AU - Chang, Anne B.. PY - 2019/8/13. Y1 - 2019/8/13. N2 - Background: Bronchiectasis in children is an important, but under-researched, chronic pulmonary disorder that has negative impacts on health-related quality of life. Despite this, it does not receive the same attention as other chronic pulmonary conditions in children such as cystic fibrosis. We measured health resource use and health-related quality of life over a 12-month period in children with bronchiectasis. Methods: We undertook a prospective cohort study of 85 children aged , 18-years with high-resolution chest computed-tomography confirmed bronchiectasis undergoing management in three pediatric ...
The aim of the study was to find out the quality of life in patients with laryngeal cancer after the treatment and to compare it with the quality of life of the general population of the same average age. Data collection was conducted through a cross-sectional quantitative survey using the standardized World Health Organization Quality of Life Questionnaire (WHOQOL-BREF), including the population standards for the age groups. Data collection was undertaken in patients treated at the Otorhinolaryngological Department. Data from 42 patients, with an average age of 70 (16 patients with permanent tracheostomy) were evaluated. A t-test was used for the statistical evaluation of the quality of life in patients after the treatment of laryngeal cancer and the general population of the same average age. We found out that patients displayed a higher quality of life in most areas of the WHOQOL-BREF (physical health, psychological health, social relationships, environment, and overall quality of life and ...
Our study objective was to assess health-related quality of life in survivors of acute lung injury (ALI) and to supplement generic and disease-specific questionnaires with findings from a focus group of ALI survivors. Six patients participated in the focus group, which revealed patient concerns with amnesia, depressed mood, avoidance behaviors, and a prolonged recovery period. Using a cross-sectional study design, 24 patients completed a questionnaire 6 to 41 mo after their lung injury. A total of 43% of the patients with ALI met criteria for depression; 43% had self-reported significant functional limitations, although 39% had minimal or no limitations. Significant respiratory and psychologic symptoms were reported in a quarter to a third of patients. There were large decrements in all domains of the SF-36 (a generic health-related quality-of-life instrument) in our sample compared with norms previously established for the general population. In addition, our patients had similar physical ...
Quality of life (QOL) is an important topic in social and medical sciences, it has a multidimensional nature and is influenced by many factors. Aim of the Work: In this study we want to assess the impact of cognitive impairment on the health related quality of life (HR-QOL) of community dwelling non demented elderly. Subject and Method: 115 non demented elderly, 60 years and older recruited from outpatient geriatric clinic at Al Mansoura General Hospital, Dakahlia, Egypt. Each participant underwent, comprehensive geriatric assessment, assessing cognitive function using the mini-mental state examination (MMSE) and montreal cognitive function test, assessing the health related quality of life (HR-QOL) by the RAND-36 health survey. Results: We found that the elderly with impaired cognition by both MMSE and Montreal test were significantly older; the ones with lower education, with more depressive symptoms, had more functional impairment and had lower HR-QOL scores than the elderly with normal cognitive
Objective: To determine the effect of frailty on Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) after treatment for Head and Neck Cancer (HNC). Materials and methods: Patients were prospectively included in OncoLifeS, a data-biobank. Before treatment, patients underwent geriatric screening, including the Groningen Frailty Indicator (GFI) and Geriatric 8 (G8). Patients HRQoL was measured using the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire Core 30 (EORTC-QLQ-C30) at three, six, twelve and twenty four months after treatment. Linear mixed models were used for statistical analysis. All models were adjusted for baseline HRQoL values, relevant confounders at baseline and yielded estimates (β), 95% confidence intervals and p-values. Results: 288 patients were included. The mean age was 68.4 years and 68.8% were male. During follow-up, 84 patients had tumor recurrence and 66 died. Response to EORTC-QLQ-C30 ranged from 77.3% to 87.8%. Frail patients, defined by ...
Little is known about the impact of chronic breathlessness (modified Medical Research Council (mMRC) score ≥2 for most days, at least three of the last six months) on health-related quality of life (Short Form-12 (SF-12)). 3005 adults from randomly selected households were interviewed face-to-face in South Australia. mMRC ≥2 community prevalence was 2.9%. Adjusted analyses showed clinically meaningful and statistically significant decrements of physical and mental components of SF-12 (mean SF-12 summary scores in physical (−13.0 (−16.0 to −10.2)) and mental (−10.7 (−13.7 to −7.8)) components compared with people with mMRC=0) as chronic breathlessness severity increased, across five age groupings. ...
Introduction: Lower health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is associated with fatigue, poor mental and poor gastrointestinal health during the first three months after colorectal cancer (CRC) treatment. Research indicates that maintaining usual activities has a positive impact on HRQoL after treatment for CRC. Illness perceptions have been associated with HRQoL in other cancer diseases, and self-efficacy has been associated with HRQoL in gastrointestinal cancer survivors. Our knowledge about illness perceptions and self-efficacy in relation to maintaining everyday activities and HRQoL following CRC treatment is incomplete. Aim: To explore associations between HRQoL, fatigue, mental health, gastrointestinal health, illness perceptions and self-efficacy in relation to maintaining everyday activities, three months after surgical CRC treatment. A further aim was to test the Maintain Function Scale in a CRC population. Method: The study was cross-sectional. Forty-six persons participated. Data were collected
Data on the impact of long term treatment with immunomodulatory drugs (IMiD) on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is limited. The HOVON-87/NMSG18 study was a randomized, phase 3 study in newly diagnosed transplant ineligible patients with multiple myeloma, comparing melphalan-prednisolone in combination with thalidomide or lenalidomide, followed by maintenance therapy until progression (MPT-T or MPR-R). The EORTC QLQ-C30 and MY20 questionnaires were completed at baseline, after three and nine induction cycles and six and 12 months of maintenance therapy. Linear mixed models and minimal important differences were used for evaluation. 596 patients participated in HRQoL reporting. Patients reported clinically relevant improvement in global quality of life (QoL), future perspective and role and emotional functioning, and less fatigue and pain in both arms. The latter being of large effect size. In general, improvement occurred after 6-12 months of maintenance only and was independent of the ...
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Limited data exist on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) after intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH). We aimed to determine baseline factors associated with HRQoL among participants of the pilot and main phases of the Intensive Blood Pressure Reduction in Acute Cerebral Haemorrhage Trials (INTERACT 1 and 2). METHODS: The INTERACT studies were randomised controlled trials of early intensive blood pressure (BP) lowering in patients with ICH (,6 hours) and elevated systolic BP (150-220 mm Hg). HRQoL was determined using the European Quality of Life Scale (EQ-5D) at 90 days, completed by patients or proxy responders. Binary logistic regression analyses were performed to identify factors associated with poor overall HRQoL. RESULTS: 2756 patients were included. Demographic, clinical and radiological factors associated with lower EQ-5D utility score were age, randomisation outside of China, antithrombotic use, high baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score, ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Comparative Performance of Diagnosis-based and Prescription-based Comorbidity Scores to Predict Health-related Quality of Life. AU - Mehta, Hemalkumar. AU - Sura, Sneha D.. AU - Sharma, Manvi. AU - Johnson, Michael L.. AU - Riall, Taylor S.. PY - 2016/2/25. Y1 - 2016/2/25. N2 - OBJECTIVES:: To compare the performance of the health-related quality of life-comorbidity index (HRQoL-CI) with the diagnosis-based Charlson, Elixhauser, and combined comorbidity scores and the prescription-based chronic disease score (CDS) in predicting HRQoL in Agency of Healthcare Research and Quality priority conditions (asthma, breast cancer, diabetes, and heart failure). METHODS:: The Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (2005 and 2007-2011) data was used for this retrospective study. Four disease-specific cohorts were developed that included adult patients (age 18 y and above) with the particular disease condition. The outcome HRQoL [physical component score (PCS) and mental component score (MCS)] was ...
We conducted a prospective study over 24 months to compare health-related quality of life in surgically and medically treated patients with intractable temporal lobe epilepsy. Seizure frequency and health-related quality of life were assessed in 81 patients before and 6, 12, and 24 months after trea …
Paediatric injuries can lead to long-term functional impairment and reduced health-related quality of life, and are a growing public health issue in India. To date, however, the burden has been poorly characterized. This study assessed the impact of non-fatal injuries on health-related quality of life in a prospective cohort study of 373 children admitted to three hospitals in Chandigarh and Haryana states in India. The Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) and Kings Outcome Scale for Childhood Head Injury (KOSCHI) were administered at baseline (pre-injury) and at 1, 2, 4, and 12 months post-injury by telephone interview. Follow-up at all-time points was completed for 277 (77%) of all living participants. Less than one percent reported ongoing disability at 4 months, and no disability was reported at 12 months. PedsQL physical health scores were below healthy child norms (83.4) at 1 month in the cohort for ages 8-12 years and 13-16 years. Although injuries are prevalent, ongoing impact on
This study is a systematic review of the measurement properties of patient-reported measures of QoL developed and/or validated for infants, children, and adolescents with eczema. A systematic literature search will be carried out in MEDLINE via PubMed and EMBASE using a selection of relevant search terms. Eligible studies will be primary empirical studies evaluating, describing, or comparing measurement properties of QoL instruments for infants, children, and adolescents with eczema. Two reviewers will independently perform eligibility assessment and data abstraction. Evidence tables will be used to record study characteristics, instrument characteristics, measurement properties, and interpretability. The adequacy of the measurement properties will be assessed using predefined criteria. The COnsensus-based Standards for the selection of health Measurement INstruments (COSMIN) checklist will be used to evaluate the methodological quality of included studies. A best evidence synthesis will be ...
View Poster. INTRODUCTION. Quality of life (QOL) in cancer patients has gained increasing attention and may provide prognostic value above and beyond traditional demographic and disease parameters. We evaluate the utility of self-reported QOL to predict mortality in patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC).. METHODS. The Medicare Health Outcomes Survey was linked to the SEER database to identify patients who completed a QOL questionnaire after the diagnosis of RCC from 1998-2014. Mental component summary (MCS) and physical component summary (PCS) scores were classified as high (≥50) or low (. RESULTS. A total of 1494 patients with a median age of 73.4 years (IQR 68.8-79.3) at survey completion were included. Median follow-up was 5.6 years (IQR 4.0-8.3). There were 747 deaths, of which 139 were due to RCC. Cox regression showed that each additional MCS and PCS point reduced the hazard of ACM by 1.3% (95% CI 0.981-0.993, PPP=0.02), 4.55 (95% CI 1.57-13.18, P=0.005), and 3.11 (95% CI 1.35-7.16, ...
BISAC: PSY036000. The state of health and life satisfaction are influenced not only by social and demographic factors, but also by a number of other factors: the rate of occurrence of sickness and health problems, lifestyle, how leisure time is spent, a balanced diet, ecological conditions, etc. This book provides a review of determinants of life satisfaction, psychological implications, and the impact of life satisfaction on the quality-of-life. Chapter One studies the influence of social and demographic factors (age, gender group, lifestyle, presence or absence of chronic diseases) on parameters of self-assessed health and life satisfaction by studying the population of Poland. Chapter Two provides an evidence-based review of gratitude interventions. Chapter Three investigates the connection between well-being and time use with the focus on working parents. Chapter Four examines the impact of health-related quality of life on female migrant workers suffering from cadmium poisoning in China ...
BETHESDA, Md-The National Cancer Institute has released a summary of published data derived so far from the Prostate Cancer Outcomes Study (PCOS), which seeks to determine the effect of various therapies for primary invasive prostate cancer on patients quality of life.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1995 Dec;80(12):3585-90.. Burman P, Broman JE, Hetta J, Wiklund I, Erfurth EM, Hagg E, Karlsson FA.. Department of Medicine, University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden.. We examined the effect of GH supplementation on the psychological capacity and sense of well-being in 36 patients with adult-onset GH deficiency (GHD). Recombinant human GH was given in a 21-month cross-over, double blind trial, and quality of life was assessed by using three self-rating questionnaires: the Hopkins Symptom Check List (HSCL), the Nottingham Health Profile (NHP), and the Psychological General Well-Being index. In addition, at the final examination the spouses completed a short questionnaire concerning their partner. Before treatment, the patients had lowered quality of life as determined by the HSCL and NHP inventories, and a correlation between the duration of GHD and the reported symptoms was observed. Upon treatment, the HSCL score was lower (better) after placebo administration (mean +/- SD, ...
This randomized clinical trial examined if a primary care-based intervention improves mental health-related quality of life among survivors of sepsis. Two hundred ninety-one patients 18 yr or older who survived sepsis, including septic shock, were recruited from nine intensive care units (ICUs) across Germany. Participants were randomized to usual care (n = 143) or to a 12-month intervention (n = 148). Usual care was provided by their primary care physician (PCP) and included periodic contacts, referrals to specialists, and prescription of medication, other treatment, or both. The intervention included PCP and patient training, case management provided by trained nurses, and clinical decision support for PCPs by consulting physicians. The primary outcome was change in mental health-related quality of life between ICU discharge and 6 months after ICU discharge using the Mental Component Summary of the 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey. It was found that among survivors of sepsis and septic shock, ...
Whereas adult survivors of childhood cancer from the CCSS report more symptoms of psychological distress compared with siblings, both groups report better psychological adjustment than that of population norms. Survivors report poorer HRQOL in physical and social but not in mental health domains compared with siblings. Compared with U.S. population norms, survivors have increased risk of poor HRQOL in physical and social domains, with the largest effect size in vitality. Compared with population norms, siblings fare better in physical function and general health, and both survivors and siblings report better mental health than does the general population, as well as high levels of current life satisfaction. Except for CNS tumor survivors, both groups also expect high life satisfaction in 5 years. Our findings add to information from previous CCSS estimates of health status (24) and chronic disease (27). Despite their increased risk for poor health status, and the fact that ,70% of childhood ...
Objectives: To evaluate the effect of infliximab on health related quality of life (HRQoL) and physical function in patients with active psoriatic arthritis (PsA) in the IMPACT 2 trial.. Methods: 200 patients with PsA unresponsive to conventional treatment were randomised to intravenous infusions of infliximab 5 mg/kg or placebo at weeks 0, 2, 6, 14, and 22; patients with inadequate response entered early escape at week 16. HRQoL was assessed using the Short Form-36 (SF-36) at weeks 0, 14, and 24. Functional disability was assessed using the Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) at every visit through week 24. Associations between changes in quality of life (SF-36) and articular (American College of Rheumatology (ACR)) and dermatological (Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI)) responses were examined.. Results: Mean percentage improvement from baseline in HAQ was 48.6% in the infliximab group compared with worsening of 18.4% in the placebo group at week 14 (p,0.001). Furthermore, 58.6% and ...
Author(s): Ibrahim, John M; Singh, Paramjit; Beckerman, Daniel; Hu, Serena S; Tay, Bobby; Deviren, Vedat; Burch, Shane; Berven, Sigurd H | Abstract: Study Design:Retrospective case series. Objectives:Both the rate and complexity of spine surgeries in elderly patients has increased. This study reports the outcomes of multilevel spine fusion in elderly patients and provides evidence on the appropriateness of complex surgery in elderly patients. Methods:We identified 101 patients older than70 years who had ≥5 levels of fusion. Demographic, medical, and surgical data, and change between preoperative and >500 days postoperative health survey scores were collected. Health surveys were visual analogue scale (VAS), EuroQoL 5 Dimensions (EQ-5D), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), Scoliosis Research Society questionnaire (SRS-30), and Short Form health survey (SF-12) (physical composite score [PCS] and mental composite score [MCS]). Minimal clinically important differences (MCIDs) were defined for each survey.
Background: The current study examined health-related quality of life (QoL) for patients with esophageal/gastric cardia precursor lesions or cancer before and after treatment to facilitate improved prevention andtreatment. Materials and Methods: Patients with different stages of esophageal/gastric cardia lesions completedtwo QoL questionnaires, EORTC QLQ-C30 and supplemental QLQ-OES 18, before primary treatment, and at 1,6 and 12 months after treatment. Results: Fifty-nine patients with precursor lesions, 57 with early stage cancer,and 43 with advanced cancer responded to our survey. Patients with precursor lesions or early stage cancerreported better QoL overall than those with advanced cancer before treatment (p|0.01). Global QoL scores beforetreatment and at 1 month after treatment were 71±9 versus 69±9 (p|0.01), 71±8 versus 61±11 (p|0.01), 67 ± 11versus 62 ± 9 (p|0.01) for three stages of lesions. At 6 months after treatment, some QoL measures recoveredgradually in precursor lesion and early
"Quality of Life: How Good is Life for You?". University of Toronto Quality of Life Research Unit. Retrieved 14 October 2009. " ... Hecht and Shiel measure quality of life as "the patient's ability to enjoy normal life activities" since life quality is ... at Wikiversity Ethical Markets Quality of Life Indicators The First European Quality of Life Survey 2003 Quality of Life in a ... Researchers at the University of Toronto's Quality of Life Research Unit define quality of life as "The degree to which a ...
The Life Quality Index combines two primary social indicators: the expectancy of healthy life at birth, E, and the real gross ... doi:10.1016/S0951-8320(02)00051-0. Lind, N.C. (2007). "Turning Life into Life Expectancy: The Efficiency of Life-Saving ... then the gains in life expectancy will be sufficiently large that there is a net increase in the Life Quality Index (LQI). In ... the duration of life in good health and the time available to enjoy life. The amount of life available to enjoy wealth acts as ...
In general, quality of life (QoL or QOL) is the perceived quality of an individual's daily life, that is, an assessment of ... The quality of life ethic refers to an ethical principle that uses assessments of the quality of life that a person could ... WHO-Quality of life-BREF (WHOQOL-BREF): A general Quality of life survey validated for several countries. The Stroke Specific ... While ADLs are an excellent tool to objectively measure quality of life, it is important to remember that Quality of life goes ...
... is a peer-reviewed academic journal covering research into quality of life from a medical and public ... "Quality of Life Research". 2017 Journal Citation Reports. Web of Science (Science ed.). Thomson Reuters. 2018. Official website ... It is the official journal of the International Society of Quality of Life Research. The editors-in-chief are Jan Böhnke ( ...
... quality of life can be measured in consistent intervals; life-years and quality of life are independent of each other; people ... "Problems and solutions in calculating quality-adjusted life years (QALYs)". Health and Quality of Life Outcomes. 1: 80. doi: ... The quality-adjusted life year (QALY) is a generic measure of disease burden, including both the quality and the quantity of ... It combines two different benefits of treatment-length of life and quality of life-into a single number that can be compared ...
Quality of Life at IMDb Quality of Life at AllMovie v t e (Articles lacking in-text citations from September 2014, All articles ... Quality of Life, also known as Against the Wall, is a 2004 drama film about the story of two graffiti writers in the Mission ... Directed by Benjamin Morgan, Quality of Life stars Lane Garrison, Brian Burnam, Luis Saguar and Mackenzie Firgens. Morgan co- ...
"The Quality of Life" (Yes Minister), a TV episode "Quality of Life" (The Dead Zone), a TV episode The Quality of Life, a 2008 ... and able to participate in or enjoy life events. Quality of Life may also refer to: Quality of life (healthcare), a measure of ... Quality of life is the degree to which an individual is healthy, comfortable, ... the overall effect of medical issues on a patient Quality of Life (film), a 2004 drama starring Lane Garrison "The Quality of ...
Various authors and researchers have proposed models of quality of working life - also referred to as quality of worklife - ... The WRQoL GWB factor assesses issues of mood, depression and anxiety, life satisfaction, general quality of life, optimism and ... Applied Research in Quality of Life. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11482-019-09730-3 Bearfield, S (2003). Quality of Working Life. ... aspects is play down as attention is focussed on quality of work life rather than the broader concept of quality of life. The ...
Translating the science of quality of life into practice: what do Dermatology Life Quality Index scores mean? Journal of ... meaning no impact of skin disease on quality of life) to 30 (meaning maximum impact on quality of life). A series of validated ... Cardiff University Department of Dermatology website www.cardiff.ac.uk/dermatology/quality-of-life/dermatology-quality-of-life- ... The Dermatology life Quality Index (DLQI) is a ten-question questionnaire used to measure the impact of skin disease on the ...
The Ankylosing Spondylitis Quality of Life (ASQoL) questionnaire is a patient-reported outcome (PRO) measure which assesses the ... quality of life of patients with ankylosing spondylitis. The ASQoL is based on the needs-based quality of life model. It is a ... "Ankylosing Spondylitis Quality of Life Questionnaire (ASQoL)". MAPI Research Trust. September 2009. Archived from the original ... McKenna, Stephen (2011). New developments in the Ankylosing Spondylitis Quality of Life (ASQoL) scale (PDF). Madrid, Spain.: ...
The Migraine Specific Quality of Life (MSQoL) is a patient-reported outcome measure (PRO or PROM) which assesses the quality of ... Wagner, T.H.; Patrick, D.L.; Galer, B.S.; Berzon, R.A. (1996). "A New Instrument to Assess the Long-term Quality of Life ... Different scores on the MSQoL taken before and after the trial infer a change in the patient's quality of life. McKenna, S.P; ... "A New Instrument to Assess the Long-term Quality of Life Effects From Migraine: Development and Psychometric Testing of the ...
A high score on the PsAQoL indicates a lower quality of life. The Psoriatic Arthritis Quality of Life measure has been ... The Psoriatic Arthritis Quality of Life (PsAQoL) measure is a disease specific patient-reported outcome measure which measures ... If the scores on the PsAQoL change after treatment, this means that the given treatment has had an effect on quality of life. ... Billing, E; McKenna, SP; Staun, M; Lindqvist, U (May 2010). "Adaptation of the Psoriatic Arthritis Quality of Life (PsAQoL) ...
The Physical Quality of Life Index (PQLI) is an attempt to measure the quality of life or well-being of a country. The value is ... INDEXED Life Expectancy = (Life expectancy - 42) × 2.7 4) Physical Quality of Life = (Literacy Rate + INDEXED Infant Mortality ... The level of physical quality of life determines the level of economic development. If any country's physical quality of life ... Human Poverty Index Quality-of-life Index, a different index calculated in 2005 Quality of well-being scale Gross National ...
The QLDS is based around the needs-based model of quality of life. This is derived from the assumption that quality of life is ... No measure of quality of life in depression was available so both versions had to be matched to related measures. In the UK ... The Quality of Life In Depression Scale (QLDS), originally proposed by Sonja Hunt and Stephen McKenna, is a disease specific ... Low scores act as an indicator towards a high quality of life. The QLDS was developed by Galen Research in 1992 and was funded ...
"Quality of Life Index by Country 2022". www.numbeo.com. (Lists by country, Quality of life, International rankings, ... A higher number indicates a higher quality of life in the country . List of countries by life expectancy Happy Planet Index " ... This article charts a Quality of life index by country as determined by World Population Review, an independent organization. ... "Standard of Living by Country , Quality of Life by Country 2022". worldpopulationreview.com. " ...
World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL) Group (1995). "World Health Organization quality of life assessment (WHOQOL ... Quality of well-being scale Trakhtenberg, E. C. (2008, August). Self-perceived quality of life scale: Theoretical framework and ... The comprehensive scale of the good life, the Self-Perceived Quality of Life (SPQL) scale, overcame the limitations of prior ... Because the preference for a good life over a bad life underlies all facets of our lives, understanding what constitutes and ...
It is based on a needs-based approach to quality of life. The Psoriasis Index of Quality of Life (PSORIQOL) was published in ... The Psoriasis Index of Quality of Life (PSORIQoL) is a patient-reported outcome measure which determines the quality of life of ... "Quality of life in patients with psoriasis". Health and Quality of Life Outcomes. 4 (35): 35. doi:10.1186/1477-7525-4-35. PMC ... Cozzani, E.; Borrini, V; Pennella, A; Burlando, M; Cardo, P; Rebora, A; Parodi, A. (Dec 2010). "The quality of life in Italian ...
Monocle Magazine Quality of Life Survey. UN World Happiness Report. OECD Better Life Index. AARP Livability Index. The Quality ... Quality of Life Program 2020 (Delivery plan). Saudi Arabia portal "Quality of Life Program , Saudi Vision 2030". vision2030.gov ... to contribute in the development of quality of life in the Kingdom. Quality of Life program continues to follow up on the ... Quality of life is defined by the World Health Organization as "an individual's perception of their position in life in the ...
... is a peer-reviewed online-only open access medical journal covering research on health- ... "Health and Quality of Life Outcomes". 2017 Journal Citation Reports. Web of Science (Science ed.). Clarivate Analytics. 2018. ... related quality of life. It was established in 2003 and is published by BioMed Central. The editor-in-chief is Holger ... Quality of life, General medical journals, Online-only journals, English-language journals, Irregular journals, All stub ...
... a quality of life measure for recurrent genital herpes". Quality of Life Research. 7 (2): 143-53. doi:10.1023/A:1008857426633. ... a quality of life measure for recurrent genital herpes". Quality of Life Research. 7 (2): 143-53. doi:10.1023/A:1008857426633. ... The Recurrent Genital Herpes Quality of Life (RGHQoL) measure is a patient-reported outcome measure which determines the impact ... It has been utilized in studies investigating suppressive antiviral therapy, famciclovir and quality of life. Doward, LC; ...
Social Weather Stations Gross National Happiness International Society for Quality of Life Studies: About Us A quality-of-life ... Introducing the Official Journal of the International Society for Quality-of-Life Studies: Applied Research in Quality of Life ... A quality-of-life studies conference Archived 2009-07-28 at the Wayback Machine by Mahar Mangahas, Philippine Daily Inquirer, ... DOI: 10.1007/s11482-006-9013-z. International Society for Quality of Life Studies v t e v t e (Webarchive template wayback ...
"A new instrument for assessing quality of life in atopic dermatitis: international development of the Quality of Life Index for ... The Quality of Life Index for Atopic Dermatitis (QoLIAD) is a disease specific patient reported outcome which measures the ... Meads, D.M.; McKenna, S.P.; Doward, L.C.; Hampson, N.; McGeown, C. (May 2005). "Psk6 Interpreting Scores on the Quality of Life ... Higher scores on the QoLIAD indicate a greater negative influence that the disease has on quality of life. The QoLIAD was ...
... (RAQoL) is a disease-specific patient-reported outcome measure which ... Whalley, D.; McKenna, S.P.; de Jong, Z.; van der Heijde, D. (1997). "Quality of life in rheumatoid arthritis". Rheumatology. 36 ... It was the first patient completed quality of life questionnaire that focused on rheumatoid arthritis and is distinct from ... Maska, L.; Anderson, J.; Michaud, K. (November 2011). "Measures of functional status and quality of life in rheumatoid ...
... a measure of health-related quality of life and quality of life for patients with pulmonary hypertension". Quality of Life ... The Quality of Life in Depression Scale (QLDS) assesses the impact that depression has on a patient's quality of life. It was ... The Quality of Life of Carers of Alzheimer's Disease Patients (ACQLI) is a measure which assesses the quality of life of people ... Spencer B, Leplège A, Ecosse E (June 1999). "Recurrent genital herpes and quality of life in France". Quality of Life Research ...
The Quality of Life at IMDb The Quality of Life at Memory Alpha (a Star Trek wiki) The Quality of Life at StarTrek.com (NOTE: ... "Quality Of Life"/"Chain Of Command, Part One"". The A.V. Club. 2011. Retrieved 2021-02-15. "Quality of Life". Star Trek: The ... "The Quality of Life" is the 135th episode of the American science fiction television series Star Trek: The Next Generation. It ... DeCandido (16 October 2012). "Star Trek: The Next Generation Rewatch: "The Quality of Life"". Tor.com. Ordway, Holly E. ( ...
An instrument for the assessment of quality of life in adults with growth hormone deficiency". Quality of Life Research. 8 (4 ... The Quality of Life Assessment of Growth Hormone Deficiency in Adults (QoL-AGHDA) is a disease specific patient-reported ... A high score on the QoL-AGHDA indicates that the patient suffers from many symptoms and therefore has a lower quality of life. ... This was the first time a quality of life measure was used to determine whether treatment should be given for a specific ...
"Quality of Life". Arena Stage. Archived from the original on April 2, 2010. Retrieved February 25, 2020. "Theater Review: Peter ... including The Quality of Life (2009), Legacy of Light (world premiere)(2009) and Noises Off (2006-2007) at Arena Stage. On ... After playing the role of Julie Olson Williams' brother, Steven Olson, on Days of Our Lives, he joined the cast of the ABC soap ... In 1982, he married his second wife, actress Nancy Snyder, whom he met while she was playing Katrina Karr on One Life to Live. ...
"Quality of Life." Historic Prince George's County: A Confluence of Cultures. San Antonio, TX: Historical Network, 2011. ...
"Quality of Life". Tuscaloosa County EDA. Retrieved July 23, 2021. "Housing". Tuscaloosa County EDA. Retrieved July 23, 2021. " ... Tuscaloosa County's largest employers represent education institutions, quality health-care providers, and enterprises focused ...
"My life...my style...my store". Shopko's last slogan was "The Stuff that Counts", which was used from 2015 to 2019. The slogan ... ", "ShopKo discounts the price...not the quality.", "We won't be undersold.", "ShopKo: Discover for Yourself", "ShopKo - The ...
Jean-Marie Fauquet summed up Marie Bobillier's work in one sentence: "It is of exceptional quality, both in terms of the ... influencing her decision to devote her life to research, after having been to the Pasdeloup concerts. She was one of the first ...
After the Central Valley Project Improvement Act in 1991 and the Bay-Delta Water Quality Control Plan in 1995, much more water ... "I'm Here to Speak for Life: River Guardian Mark Dubois". International Rivers. June 30, 2015. Retrieved February 17, 2017. ... "Chapter 2: Water Resources" (PDF). Evaluation of San Joaquin River Flow and Southern Delta Water Quality Objectives and ... "Introduction" (PDF). Draft Revised Substitute Environmental Document in Support of Potential Changes to the Water Quality ...
Suzanne Baumgarten of The Cornell Daily Sun felt that Atkins "has a folk song quality that makes her otherwise pop-like style ... the real life Neptune City is a distinct municipality just to the east of Atkins' native Neptune, New Jersey. Neptune City was ...
Raw pu'er tea can be aged up to 50 years in some cases without diminishing in quality, and ripened pu'er can be aged up to 10 ... "Taste the slow life with these Korean food specialties". Korea JungAng Daily. 24 October 2010. Retrieved 20 March 2017. "doncha ... The fermentation of tea leaves alters their chemistry, affecting the organoleptic qualities of the tea made from them. ...
Pecan oil - valued as a food oil, but requiring fresh pecans for good quality oil. Pectin - vegetable gum, emulsifier Perilla ... thus guaranteeing shelf life. Preservatives Preservatives prevent or inhibit spoilage of food due to fungi, bacteria and other ... Food additives are substances added to food to preserve flavor or enhance its taste, appearance, or other qualities. Additives ... Heliotropin - Helium - propellant Hemlock oil - Hemp oil - a high quality food oil. Heptyl p-hydroxybenzoate - preservative ...
Larry Auerbach, 91, American television director (Love of Life, One Life to Live, As the World Turns), complications of ... Dieter Grau, 101, German-born American rocket scientist, NASA Quality Control Director for the Saturn V. Neil James, 53, ... Bill Fishman A life dedicated to compassion and scholarship Ex-professional basketball player fatally shot in Bloomingdale Vera ... Hasta luego, maestro Joan Barril (in Spanish) Ina Bauer gone, but move lives on Professor Anthony Birch: Political scientist ...
The combination of Reynolds, engineer Alistair McVean, and a brand new car with quality componentry developed by Erebus ... occasionally finishing down the order from poor tyre life, incidents, or failures during qualifying or the race. Reynolds was ...
... mauled or otherwise tampered with by life." Virginia Woolf mused on the unique quality of a Chekhov story in The Common Reader ... Tolstoy was an early admirer of Chekhov's short stories and had a series that he deemed "first quality" and "second quality" ... A Life in Letters, Penguin Books, 2004, ISBN 978-0-14-044922-8 Bartlett, Rosamund, Chekhov: Scenes from a Life, Free Press, ... In the last decades of his life he became an atheist. In March 1897, Chekhov suffered a major haemorrhage of the lungs while on ...
Petrov's popularity as an actor led to his name turning into an idiom for something of "great quality". According to his ... "Ideal Petrov - How a legend comes to life". btvnovinite.bg (in Bulgarian). 27 October 2013. Retrieved 2 January 2016. Goryanski ...
... especially in the life sciences. And each case seems to present a new low in terms of the depth and quality of analysis." She ... This is especially true in the life sciences, where development of useful new diagnostic and therapeutic methods is driven by ... Chris Holman, Federal Circuit Decides Ariosa, and It's Not Good News for Innovation in the Life Sciences, Holman's Biotech IP ... and in the life sciences generally." Holman said that he hoped that "the Federal Circuit can find some way to rein in the ...
These unanimously judged the quality and originality of the work positively; many pieces were judged to be of museum quality. ... in particular the ones from the last 20 years of his life. Psychological realism: Schreurs' life spanned not only political and ... He led a rather secluded life and refused to become a member of an art society or to conform to any contemporary school of ... After he had finished his studies, he installed himself as a professional painter, and led the life of a poor but hard-working ...
They were also sometimes called "The Tragic Generation" because of the bohemian and miserable life that led many to a very ... Some remains were preserved in the north, where, thanks to the preservative qualities of the arid Atacama Desert, certain ... Pablo Neruda called them a "heroic captaincy of painters" in recognition of the effort to portray the life of the working ... The first class was "Studies of heads, extremities and the human form", the second was "Sculpture", and the third, "Life ...
Studio albums The Jewel (1985) Kowtow (1988) The World (1991) The Window of Life (1993) The Masquerade Overture (1996) Not of ... the melodic qualities of the band's compositions proved to be well-suited to an acoustic context, and the album was reasonably ... The Window of Life, The Masquerade Overture, and Not of This World. From this point on their fortunes have improved, and while ...
Hope Thrift, is a ministry outreach, selling high quality donated goods at fair prices in attractive, welcoming retail settings ... lives through various strategic opportunities (Serve). A unique feature of HOPE Church is the retail ministry which includes ... and places where people can find life and purpose through Jesus Christ. HOPE started on October 19, 1997, as a "small band of ... relationships and places where people can find life and purpose through Jesus Christ." HOPE is a member of the Evangelical ...
Benji, a stray dog who lives in an abandoned house on the outskirts of a small town, sets about his daily ritual of visiting ... in response to the diminished quality of their films, he created Benji. Higgins appeared on screen with Edgar Buchanan, with ... Section 3, p. 7. Gross, Linda (November 19, 1974). "Look at Life From a Dog's Point of View". Los Angeles Times. Part IV, p. 9 ... Siskel, Gene (June 19, 1975). "'Benji' presents life at ground level". Chicago Tribune. ...
The Beautiful Life' will get second life online; ill-fated CW show headed for the Web". Daily News. Retrieved March 13, 2010. " ... Lineup of Programming Dominated by New Scripted Series for 2009-2010 Primetime Season That Extends the Network's Quality Brand ... Life Unexpected - Renewed for a second season on May 18, 2010. One Tree Hill - Renewed for an eighth season on May 18, 2010. ... The Beautiful Life: TBL - Canceled on September 25, 2009, after two low rated episodes. This is the first cancellation of the ...
Subsequent multi-figure works took on a more representational and mythic quality, depicting small, vulnerable people busy ... but concern with daily life and the dignity of ordinary tasks. Zimmerman's interests in human labor and ambition were perhaps ... herculean and communal qualities of his past work. Pieces such as Venus I or Vapor (both 1992) combined an awkward corporeality ...
On the other hand, researchers might also face difficulty in assessing the quality of statistics based on MPD because the ... planning and the administration of public life. A mobile positioning record is created in the database of a mobile network ... For statistical purposes, mobile positioning data provides new possibilities in terms of the quality of the data. Statistics ... but the new concept of fast and expansive data collection improves the quality of decision-making processes and results in ...
Chantal Panozzo (6 May 2015). "Why Switzerland So Often Tops Quality-of-Life Surveys". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 18 ... Newly Swissed is frequently quoted by major publications on the subject of expat life in Switzerland. In the early stages, ...
1642: Certain considerations upon the duties both of prince and people written by a gentleman of quality, a well-wisher both to ... Psalterium Davidis latino-saxonicum vetus (1640), and wrote a Life of Alfred the Great which was translated into Latin and ...
The Civic Centre municipal office building in Armada Way became a listed building in June 2007 because of its quality and ... were part of the crest of the former County Borough of Devonport and represent the importance of the Royal Navy in the life of ...
... s often contain central scenes depicting episodes from the life of Mary or the Passion of Jesus. Some are single ... quality, wherein "one tumbles headlong into the tiny world created by the carver...into the world they reveal beyond one's ...
She said I think they bring out some nice qualities in each other - Roxy brings out the fun side of Kyle, but they can also be ... I've made friends I hope to have for the rest of my life, and met so many beautiful people along the way." Anderson was pleased ... Anderson said this behaviour and the fact she does not know when to stop is why Gemma decides to uproot Roxy's life. She told ... You're more likely to have a lot of heart problems in the future and a shorter life span. So it's quite nerve-wracking and ...
Each time the stream life cycle repeats itself another layer of organic soil is added to the bottom of the valley. The valley ... affect water quality, and endanger downstream fish populations. Pools formed by the dams store heat, thus changing local ... Beaver dams reduce erosion as well as decrease the turbidity that can be a limiting factor for some aquatic life. The benefits ... Goldfarb, Ben (2018). Eager: The Surprising, Secret Life of Beavers and Why They Matter (1 ed.). Chelsea Green Publishing. ISBN ...
The National Heritage List for England praises its "high-quality design in the Vernacular Revival mode". Maurice was married to ... ISBN 1-135-43401-8. Bernard Meredith Allen (1948). Down the stream of life. Lindsey Press. p. 97. Dod's Parliamentary Companion ...
His working life began in the clothing industry as a salesman soon rising to an executive position in the company. He was ... reducing management expenses and certifying its work by ISO 9001 quality standards. Among other tasks he also drew up a new law ...
Ataya's main qualities are his dribbling and technical ability, alongside his finishing and crossing. He has been likened to ... "Lebanon's Ataya enjoying 'student' life in Malaysia , Football , News ,". the-AFC. Retrieved 13 September 2021. "شرارة وعطايا ...
She is portrayed later in life by Harriet Walter in 2019's The Spanish Princess, a follow-up to both The White Queen and The ... She wore robes of the same quality as the queen consort and walked only half a pace behind her. Elizabeth's biographer, Amy ... The fighting had taken the life of Margaret's father-in-law and forced Jasper Tudor to flee to Scotland and France to muster ... p. 5. ISBN 978-1-136-96253-0. Seward, Desmond (1995). The Wars of the Roses: And the Lives of Five Men and Women in the ...
Ingraham, Christopher (21 June 2015). "How the Confederacy lives on in the flags of seven Southern states". Washington Post. ... ranked Florida's state flag 34th in design quality of the 72 Canadian provincial, U.S. state and U.S. territorial flags ranked ...
The value of his Lives and Opinions of Eminent Philosophers as an insight into the private lives of the Greek sages led the ... He passionately defends Epicurus in Book 10, which is of high quality and contains three long letters attributed to Epicurus ... Lives of Eminent Philosophers. Vol. I. Harvard University Press, Loeb Classical Library. 1925. ISBN 978-0-674-99203-0. Lives of ... Nothing is definitively known about his life, but his surviving Lives and Opinions of Eminent Philosophers is a principal ...
... * 1. Intensive Hemodialysis and Health-related Quality of Life Kraus MA, Fluck RJ, ... Intensive Hemodialysis and Health-Related Quality of Life. American Journal of Kidney Diseases, Volume 68, Issue 5, S33 - S42. ... Nocturnal hemodialysis does not improve overall measures of quality of life compared to conventional hemodialysis. Kidney Int. ... Nocturnal hemodialysis does not improve overall measures of quality of life compared to conventional hemodialysis. Kidney Int. ...
Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is an individuals or a groups perceived physical and mental health over time. ... Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is an individuals or a groups perceived physical and mental health over time. ... On this site, find general information about health-related quality of life, such as HRQOL surveillance and its role in public ... Health-Related Quality of Life Measures. * Measurement Properties ...
A collection of RAND research on the topic of Health-Related Quality of Life ... Changes in Quality of Life Among Low-Income Men Treated for Prostate Cancer. This work provides new insights into HRQOL over ... Health-related Quality-of-Life in Low-Income, Uninsured Men with Prostate Cancer. The objective was to describe health-related ... Using Health-Related Quality of Life to Predict and Manage Pediatric Health Care. Increasing healthcare costs and the ...
... N Engl J Med. 1996 Mar 28;334(13):835-40. doi: 10.1056/NEJM199603283341306. ...
This section contains information about numerous issues that have an impact on our quality of life as we age. Articles contain ... Quality of Life Newsletter Content This first newsletter article provides an overview of the content planned for the Quality of ... Read about how volunteering can add to our quality of life!. Ways to "Lighten Up" Most of us have too much "stuff" and find it ... There are many tech tools that would be useful to us as we age and enhance our quality of life. The key is to go slowly but go! ...
Cite this: Significant Quality-of-Life Benefit With BG-12 - Medscape - Jun 02, 2013. ... Patients also completed the European Quality of Life-5 Dimensions health survey at 6, 12, and 24 months. ... were seeing either an improvement in quality of life or at least no change, whereas the placebo group is showing a consistent ... whereas those receiving placebo typically reported declines in these measures of quality of life. ...
This weeks update features various quality-of-life improvements, including: Account linking option added in-game The addition ...
Big data for public health: does the data promise a better quality of life?  ... Association of malnutrition and low quality of life among cancer patients receiving chemotherapy, Palestine  ... Background: Malnutrition is significantly associated with poor clinical outcomes and reduced quality of life among cancer ... Analysis of life expectancy across countries using a decision tree  Ilknur Karacan; Bahar Sennaroglu; Ozalp Vayvay (‎World ...
Chemotherapy can hasten deterioration near the end of life in patients with advanced cancer who havent yet lost their ability ... More research is needed to understand how chemotherapy may impair quality of life and which aspects of physical and mental ... "Doctors are obligated to help patients in ways likely to make a difference in their quality of life - controlling pain, ... Among the patients who began that last week with the highest level of functionality, chemotherapy reduced their quality of life ...
In this paper, we analyse the relationship between air quality and subjective well-being in Europe. We use a unique dataset ... We find a robust negative impact of SO2 concentrations on self-reported life satisfaction. ... that merges three waves of the European Social Survey with a new dataset on environmental quality including SO2 concentrations ... Concerns for environmental quality and its impact on peoples welfare are fundamental arguments for the adoption of ...
I hope that one day quality of life will be standard of care and part of the routine diabetes clinic visit, just like taking ... "Slow and Steady" Weight Loss Ups Quality of Life As previously reported and published in 2013, Look AHEAD aimed to examine ... "I hope that one day quality of life will be standard of care and part of the routine diabetes clinic visit, just like taking ... He reviewed this secondary outcome from Look AHEAD in a symposium entitled "Beyond A1c-why quality of life matters" here at the ...
"I dont really hear about neighborhoods having a murder problem or an aggravated assault problem -its mostly quality of life ...
Quality of Life Poor in Scleroderma. - Worse than in rheumatoid arthritis or lupus. by Nancy Walsh, Senior Staff Writer, ... Health-related quality of life was assessed on the SF-36 mental and physical components, the Short Form-6 Dimensional (SF-6D) ... The observation that patients with SSc had poorer quality of life than patients with RA or SLE may reflect the different ... "The results of this study indicate that we should pay more attention to the reported health-related quality of life and ...
Mercers 20th annual Quality of Life survey names Vienna as the top capital for the 9th year running, with European cities ... These 8 European Cities Offer The Best Quality Of Life In The World. ... If youre looking for a warm, continental city with a slower pace of life, Vienna has just been named as your best bet. ... For the ninth year running Austrias capital took the top spot in Mercers 20th annual Quality of Living survey. ...
This page contains all the U.S. trademarks filed by QUALITY OF LIFE ENTHUSIAST. The list below is generated based on trademark ...
Arthritis can worsen he health-related quality of life (HRQOL) for adults than for those without this condition, finds a study. ... Arthritis Worsens Quality of Life in Adults Personalised Printable Document (PDF). Please complete this form and well send you ... Arthritis can worsen the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) for adults than for those without this condition, finds a study ... "Increasing physical activity, reducing co-morbidities, and increasing access to healthcare could improve the quality of life ...
Dropbox is a free service that lets you bring your photos, docs, and videos anywhere and share them easily. Never email yourself a file again!
Life Yogic Chanting Improves Quality of Life in Full-Time Caregivers. A study finds that daily yogic chanting greatly benefits ... "Yogic Chanting Improves Quality of Life in Full-Time Caregivers" }}>. ... "Yogic Chanting Improves Quality of Life in Full-Time Caregivers" }}>. ... "Yogic Chanting Improves Quality of Life in Full-Time Caregivers" }}>. ...
... but there are resources available to improve your quality of life and get you the support you need. ... In recent years, much thought and research has gone into how to improve the quality of life for people with advanced cancer. ... With improved treatments and the support of professionals and loved ones, your quality of life can remain good and meaningful. ... In one study, patients with lung cancer who received palliative care soon after diagnosis noted improvements in quality of life ...
Carers and Quality of Life as I see just how little some carers experience next to no quality of life or the opposite if thats ...
The latest ranking by US News and World Report puts California dead last for quality of life. ...
Having experienced discrimination also has significance for the quality of life. The share that is not satisfied with life is ... conducted a national survey on Quality of Life. The main purpose of the survey was to get knowledge on Norwegians quality of ... This applies for almost all quality-of-life-indicators in the survey, except for questions on optimism for the future and ... On the other hand, we find several groups that score significantly worse on all indicators on subjective life quality compared ...
Who is Dr. John Day? Dr. John Day is a cardiologist and Medical Director of the Intermountain Heart Rhythm Specialists in Salt Lake City, Utah. He received his medical degree from John Hopkins and completed his residency and fellowships in cardiovascular medicine and cardiac electrophysiology at Stanford University. Dr. John Day is board certified in cardiology and cardiac electrophysiology. His cardiology practice specializes in the treatment of atrial fibrillation, catheter ablation procedures, pacemakers, and implantable defibrillators. Advancement in Technologies Dr. John Day was the senior investigator on three landmark studies. In 2009, he and his colleagues made a breakthrough connection between atrial fibrillation and Alzheimers. In 2010, his research demonstrated how a surgical procedure known as catheter ablation can reverse the risk of developing Alzheimers. A 2011 study showed how toxic levels of Vitamin D can cause atrial fibrillation. Each study was picked up by the media and stories
Improving quality of life i.... Improving quality of life in the golden years ...
Health and Quality of Life. MTU will be an agile university that delivers a high value experience. Our goal is to create a ...
Quality of life for men with prostate cancer is intrinsic to all Europa Uomos work. Early diagnosis brings quality of life ... lack of sexual function is having the highest impact on quality of life, with a quality of life score significantly lower that ... High quality, personalised treatment in specialised centres can also bring better quality of life. ... In 2019, Europa Uomo commissioned Europe-wide research on the quality of life of men with prostate cancer - the first time such ...
quality of work life with work engagement in private university lecturers in Yogyakarta. This ... The measurement tool in this study uses scale of quality of work life and work engagement. Data analysis techniques in this ... Meeting the needs of employees while working is closely related to quality of work life. This ... Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melihat hubungan antara quality of work life dengan work engagement pada dosen perguruan tinggi ...
Quality of life and use of health care among people with genital herpes in France. Acta Derm Venereol 1999; 79:380-384.. * ... Patient Characteristics and Quality of Life Scores. REFERENCES. 1. Walboomers JM, Jacobs MV, Manos MM, et al. Human ... Patients With Genital Warts Have a Decreased Quality of Life. Marra, Carlo PHARMD, PHD*†; Ogilvie, Gina MD, MSC*‡; Gastonguay, ... Estimation of the impact of genital warts on health-related quality of life. Sex Transm Infect 2008; 84:161-166.. * Cited Here ...
  • Clinic visits and treatment often occur repeatedly and as such, affects the patient's quality of life. (lww.com)
  • Although inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) significantly impact the patient's quality of life, no European-level data exists on patients' perspectives. (efcca.org)
  • Background: It is important to identify variables that influence life expectancy in order to develop strategies to improve health care systems and thereby increase life expectancy. (who.int)
  • Additionally, individuals with limited life expectancy may wish to focus on quality of life and being comfortable, rather than trying to live as long as possible. (scienceblog.com)
  • For individuals with limited life expectancy, cancer screening, such as colonoscopy, may cause more harm - such as pain, bleeding - without living long enough to experience a mortality benefit," said Deardorff. (scienceblog.com)
  • Other mortality calculators and risk-versus-benefit cancer screening calculators are available, together with videos to assist physicians in their conversations with patients about life expectancy and goals of care. (scienceblog.com)
  • It's also one of the states with the highest life expectancy after age 65 . (moneytalksnews.com)
  • Quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) is a measure that combines quality of life (QoL) and life expectancy. (cdc.gov)
  • The results suggest that today's increased life expectancy is accompanied by an improved quality of life and a greater number of years lived with good functional ability. (agingdefeated.com)
  • He notes increased life expectancy provides us with more non-disabled years, but at the same time, the last years of life come at higher and higher ages, increasing the need for care. (agingdefeated.com)
  • Despite the good news, I would caution that it's possible the generation heading for their senior years now - say, people who are now 40 to 60 - will have poorer health and a lower life expectancy than today's seniors. (agingdefeated.com)
  • Background: Malnutrition is significantly associated with poor clinical outcomes and reduced quality of life among cancer patients. (who.int)
  • "The outcomes of the RESHAW study are of great importance with some outstanding conclusions such as a 33% improvement in overall cognitive performance, a reduction in the 10-year probability of major and hip fracture, and now the extremely encouraging outcomes on overall wellbeing and sleep quality," ​ noted Clare Panchoo, VP, Health Ingredients, Evolva. (nutraingredients-usa.com)
  • Aspects of well-being and quality of life were assessed with questionnaires as secondary outcomes of the study. (nutraingredients-usa.com)
  • Research findings had implications that positive perceived parental authority promotes positive outcomes in between siblings' interpersonal relationships and that is likely to increase quality of marital life in women. (ppri.pk)
  • The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a new-generation hybrid contact lens for improving visual outcomes and vision -related quality -of- life performance in patients with keratoconus who had intolerance or treatment failure of conventional correction methods such as the use of soft silicone - hydrogel or rigid gas-permeable contact lenses . (bvsalud.org)
  • The interventions were associated with 20 health outcomes divided into 5 groups: Well-being, Vitality and Quality of Life, Pain, Chronic Noncommunicable Diseases, Infectious Diseases and Noncommunicable Diseases. (bvsalud.org)
  • In total, there were 37 associations between intervention and outcome, the majority (22) with multimodal cupping with TCM and non-TMC of the mixed type and for outcomes in the Pain group (9), Chronic Noncommunicable Diseases (6) and Well-Being, Vitality and Quality of Life (4). (bvsalud.org)
  • Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is an individual's or a group's perceived physical and mental health over time. (cdc.gov)
  • On this site, find general information about health-related quality of life, such as HRQOL surveillance and its role in public health practice. (cdc.gov)
  • Optimizing health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is an increasingly important goal in the treatment of HIV/AIDS. (rand.org)
  • Provides an overview of the evaluation of statistically significant change in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) for individual patients. (rand.org)
  • The objective was to describe health-related quality-of-life (HRQOL) in low-income men with prostate cancer. (rand.org)
  • Hepatitis C virus (HCV) diminishes health related quality of life (HRQOL), and it is now common to measure HRQOL in clinical trials. (rand.org)
  • Arthritis can worsen the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) for adults than for those without this condition, finds a study. (medindia.net)
  • Little is known about health-related naire interview during the febrile phase and were quality of life (HRQOL) for dengue ( 7 , 8 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Although surveys 5-7 have been conducted to evaluate the impact of AGWs on patients, standardized questionnaires and the impact of this disease on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) has not been well characterized in the literature. (lww.com)
  • Vienna was named No.1 in Mercer's Quality of Living survey 2018. (forbes.com)
  • According to Statistics Finlands 2018 Quality of Work Life Survey, 90 per cent of wage and salary earners use digital applications at work. (stat.fi)
  • World Blood Donor Day 2021: Blood is life. (who.int)
  • Une recherche documentaire a été effectuée dans PubMed de 1980 à 2021 en utilisant diverses combinaisons de termes MeSH comme tabac, diabète, hypertension, dyslipidémie, trouble dépressif majeur, trouble bipolaire, schizophrénie. (who.int)
  • Patients also completed the European Quality of Life-5 Dimensions health survey at 6, 12, and 24 months. (medscape.com)
  • Reuters Health) - Chemotherapy can hasten deterioration near the end of life in patients with advanced cancer who haven't yet lost their ability to perform normal daily activities, a study suggests. (reuters.com)
  • And for cancer patients with only moderate or limited ability to function in daily life, chemotherapy may not make them feel better, according to the study in JAMA Oncology. (reuters.com)
  • To see what effects chemotherapy has on cancer patients in their last week of life, Prigerson and colleagues monitored the final days of 312 patients treated at six U.S. oncology clinics. (reuters.com)
  • To assess the impact of chemotherapy during the final week of life, researchers interviewed caregivers shortly after patients died to see if they received chemotherapy over those last days and what type of physical and mental declines they suffered during that time. (reuters.com)
  • Among the patients who began that last week with the highest level of functionality, chemotherapy reduced their quality of life even after researchers adjusted for receipt of intensive care, ventilation or resuscitation. (reuters.com)
  • They fared worse on quality of life evaluations than similar patients who didn't receive the drugs. (reuters.com)
  • Still, the authors conclude, clinical guidelines may need to be revised to recognize the potential harm of chemotherapy at the end of life for patients with progressive metastatic disease, a stage when tumors grow and spread quickly. (reuters.com)
  • While there may not yet be enough evidence to change clinical guidelines, there is still cause for doctors to take a cautious approach to chemotherapy at the end of life and have frank discussions with patients about their options, Blanke told Reuters Health by email. (reuters.com)
  • Doctors are obligated to help patients in ways likely to make a difference in their quality of life - controlling pain, improving mood, addressing sleeplessness, etc. - and should offer chemotherapy only as a last resort for those who still want it after true informed consent as to the unlikelihood of it doing any good," Blanke said. (reuters.com)
  • Patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) have worse health-related quality of life than patients with other systemic rheumatic diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), a Korean study found. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Previous studies have identified worse health-related quality of life among SSc patients compared with the general population, with difficulties comparable to those experienced by patients with diseases such as hypertension and diabetes, but little is known about how these patients fare compared with patients with other rheumatic diseases. (medpagetoday.com)
  • The observation that patients with SSc had poorer quality of life than patients with RA or SLE may reflect the different disease patterns and severity, with SSc typically having a more progressive course, disfiguring skin disease, and pronounced psychological stress. (medpagetoday.com)
  • The results of this study indicate that we should pay more attention to the reported health-related quality of life and psychological status in patients with SSc," the authors stated. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Furthermore, early diagnosis and assessment of organ involvements, as well as early, tailored, appropriate organ-based treatment would be advantageous to ensure better quality of life in SSc patients. (medpagetoday.com)
  • In one study, patients with lung cancer who received palliative care soon after diagnosis noted improvements in quality of life and mood at the three and six month marks. (healthgrades.com)
  • In 2019, Europa Uomo commissioned Europe-wide research on the quality of life of men with prostate cancer - the first time such research has been conducted by patients themselves. (europa-uomo.org)
  • patients who have received two or more treatments have substantial lower quality of life scores. (europa-uomo.org)
  • A mortality prediction model for older adults with dementia may help clinicians frame discussions with patients and their families relating to end-of-life care, such as at-home support and nursing homes. (scienceblog.com)
  • Of note, the authors suggest that the model may help guide discussions between physicians and patients and their families about cancer screening, which may flag slower-growing malignancies that might not be life-threatening for 10 to 15 years. (scienceblog.com)
  • Patients who also have Type 2 diabetes may be advised to reduce or discontinue insulin, said senior author Sei Lee , MD, professor in the Division of Geriatrics at UCSF and senior scholar for the San Francisco VA Quality Scholars fellowship. (scienceblog.com)
  • Quality of life assessment in patients with heart disease. (bmj.com)
  • The authors draw a rather surprising conclusion in saying that "in ALS patients the quality of life was comparable with healthy controls. (aerzteblatt.de)
  • These patients are usually stunned and in despair that their life plans will remain forever unachievable, and that is before the prognosis of a fatal illness comes into play. (aerzteblatt.de)
  • As a non-curable condition, patients with Parkinson's rely heavily on healthcare services to support them to live as full a life as possible. (qub.ac.uk)
  • The primary objective of this survey was to obtain an international perspective of the impact of IBD on patients' lives. (efcca.org)
  • A study aimed to describe and evaluate the quality of life in patients with liver transplant in the last 15 years, in Colombia, is presented. (bvsalud.org)
  • Ultimately, their success (and oftentimes, the health of patients) relies on the ability to produce a quality product. (aodocs.com)
  • A specific instrument was developed and validated for assessing QOL in patients with DFD, as well as to verify the results of orthognathic surgery in the correction of the deformity, a questionnaire so-called Orthognathic Quality of Life Questionnaire (OQLQ) 4,5 . (bvsalud.org)
  • Vumerity (diroximel fumarate) is easier on the gastrointestinal tract than Tecfidera (dimethyl fumarate), and this translates into better quality of life for patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS), a new analysis of EVOLVE-MS-2 trial data has found. (multiplesclerosisnewstoday.com)
  • The goal was to assess not only the degree to which patients tolerated gastrointestinal side effects, but how these affected their quality of life. (multiplesclerosisnewstoday.com)
  • Overall, Vumerity's better gastrointestinal tolerability profile "translated into clinically meaningful benefits to [quality of life], as patients experienced less impact on daily life and work and required less concomitant symptomatic medication use," the researchers concluded. (multiplesclerosisnewstoday.com)
  • Patients who experience this side effect report scores indicating a far worse quality of life (64 vs. 79) than people without symptoms of neuropathy. (maastrichtuniversity.nl)
  • Significant improvement in vision -related quality -of- life in patients with keratoconus can be achieved with these lenses . (bvsalud.org)
  • Objectives: to analyze the quality of life of "patients" with Human Immunodeficiency Virus and relate it to their socioeconomic profile, knowledge and attitudes toward sexuality. (bvsalud.org)
  • Introduction: Dentofacial deformity (DFD) may be defined as facial and dental disproportions great enough to affect significantly the individual's quality of life (QoL). (bvsalud.org)
  • Thus self-care also includes managing or minimising the way a chronic condition limits an individual's life. (bvsalud.org)
  • In this paper, we analyse the relationship between air quality and subjective well-being in Europe. (repec.org)
  • On the other hand, we find several groups that score significantly worse on all indicators on subjective life quality compared to the general population. (ssb.no)
  • Clinicians need to know that "it's important to have the conversation" about quality of life with a diabetes patient, "even if you don't administer a validated questionnaire and get a score," he told Medscape Medical News at a press briefing before the symposium. (medscape.com)
  • Health-related quality of life was assessed by an adapted EQ-5D-3L questionnaire (Appendix Table 3, https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/EID/article/26/4/19-0729-App1.pdf) for reporting of problems after 1 month since fever onset (i.e., days 31-60, 61-120, 121-180). (cdc.gov)
  • Background: The Diabetes Quality of Life (‎DQoL)‎ questionnaire has been used frequently among people with diabetes. (who.int)
  • Material and methods: The impact of DFD on QoL was evaluated through the following questionnaires: Short Form Health Survey (SF36), a generic Oral Health Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) questionnaire (Oral Health Impact Profile Questionnaire - OHIP-49), a condition-specific questionnaire for DFD (Orthognathic Quality of Life Questionnaire - OQLQ) and a single question answered by Visual Analogue Scale (VAS). (bvsalud.org)
  • Measurement of health related quality of life was performed using the Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) questionnaire. (who.int)
  • To effectively manage the content, processes, and other nuances involved in producing and delivering products in a quality-centric environment, life sciences firms utilize a Quality Management System (QMS) . (aodocs.com)
  • A modern QMS should intelligently connect with existing systems and make it easy for your employees to manage quality-related content and processes without having to change how they already work. (aodocs.com)
  • However, modern quality management systems are enabling these organizations to better optimize their critical operational information by ensuring the right content and data are in the hands of the right people at the right time. (aodocs.com)
  • While the removal has indeed stripped away some of the privileges writers enjoyed under the Authorship scheme (like shiny images and bylines), it's important that we remember why we started writing quality content in the first place. (digitalmarketinginstitute.com)
  • Posting quality content helps you keep your social media community engaged, informed and loyal. (digitalmarketinginstitute.com)
  • Facebook, for example, are now dedicated to making sure high quality, relevant and timely content gets seen. (digitalmarketinginstitute.com)
  • Intensive Hemodialysis and Health-Related Quality of Life. (slideshare.net)
  • Recognizing them as stakeholders with perspectives to include in decisionmaking could improve infection control practices and also address residents' health-related quality of life. (rand.org)
  • Health-related quality of life was assessed on the SF-36 mental and physical components, the Short Form-6 Dimensional (SF-6D) health index, and the EuroQol Five Dimensional descriptive system. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Modified Rodnan skin scores also were significantly associated with the SF-36 physical component score (β = -0.25, P =0.001) and the mental component score (β = -0.28, P =0.021), indicating that more extensive skin involvement was associated with decreased health-related quality of life. (medpagetoday.com)
  • However, the instruments developed for Oral Health Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) assessment tend to be designed for the assessment of the elderly. (bvsalud.org)
  • IMSEAR at SEARO: Oral health related quality of life in Indonesian middle-aged and elderly women. (who.int)
  • Kusdhany Lindawati S, Sundjaja Yuliana, Fardaniah Sitti, Ismail Raden I. Oral health related quality of life in Indonesian middle-aged and elderly women. (who.int)
  • Background: To assess oral health-related quality of life in Indonesian middle-aged and elderly women. (who.int)
  • Result: About 86.4% of subjects had a good oral health-related quality of life. (who.int)
  • Number of missing teeth and oral health-related quality of life have a weak correlation (correlation coeffi cient= -0.133, P= 0.041). (who.int)
  • Conclusion: Oral health-related quality of life did not depend on the number of missing teeth. (who.int)
  • 36(2)000-000] Keywords Breast Cancerand gynaecological tumours,Complementary And Alternative Medicine (CAM), Complementary Oncology, Quality Of Life , Nutritional Diet and Spiritual Healing, HRQL ( Health-Related Quality Of Life ).IntroductionCancer has been the primaryconcern in Indiafrom the onset,resulting in thousands of deaths due to the lack of adequatemedication and therapy . (bvsalud.org)
  • Malocclusion and oral health-related quality of life among young Danish adults. (bvsalud.org)
  • Chicago has recently taken steps to increase the quality of life for youth who have had to deal with high homicide rates and school closings, as reported Oct. 9, 2017, by The Chronicle. (columbiachronicle.com)
  • Valuing Air Quality Using the Life Satisfaction Approach ," Economic Journal , Royal Economic Society, vol. 119(536), pages 482-515, March. (repec.org)
  • While there is a certain level of taboo and stigma that restricts public dialogue and conversations, neglecting sexual health symptoms can escalate the severity of the condition and jeopardise one's health.If you find it difficult to enjoy a healthy sex life, do not shy away and approach a doctor in time. (financialexpress.com)
  • The quality of life : the Peckham approach to human ethology / Innes H. Pearse. (who.int)
  • Depending on the approach taken, it is found inter alia that global social welfare in 2010 can be deemed to be between 1.8 and 407 times that of 1910, the role given to the quantity of lives being particularly important in that assessment. (ferdi.fr)
  • Tecfidera , Biogen Idec Inc.) experienced significant improvements in physical and mental functioning, general well-being, and overall health status, whereas those receiving placebo typically reported declines in these measures of quality of life. (medscape.com)
  • Now that is a lot of years of measuring and waiting to see all of the improvements in my quality of life that didn't end there. (susie-mallett.org)
  • These include better nutrition and hygiene, improvements in health care and the school system, better accessibility to education and improved working life. (agingdefeated.com)
  • The main purpose of the survey was to get knowledge on Norwegian's quality of life, and study differences between population groups. (ssb.no)
  • The Final Exit organization has recently done some serious research called the Quality of Life Impact Study (finalexitnetwork.org/newsandevents/psychosocialresearch). (durangoherald.com)
  • The fact that a "normal" quality of life was observed in the study provokes the question whether the available neuropsychological methods are appropriate for describe the main implications of ALS. (aerzteblatt.de)
  • Middle-aged women between 45-59 years old were included in this study, because this stage of life is important to prepare them entering the old age. (who.int)
  • Another objective of the study was to find out whether siblings' interpersonal relationship mediated quality of marital life in women. (ppri.pk)
  • Although there have been many previous evaluations of CBR carried out to a very high quality, this study is the first of its kind that is based on the experiences of the users of CBR themselves. (who.int)
  • New Hope in Recurrent Miscarriage: Micronized Progesterone A new study provides high-quality evidence of a potentially effective treatment for bleeding in early pregnancy. (medscape.com)
  • A study quantifies reintervention risk and quality of life after initial management of fibroids with a uterine-sparing technique. (medscape.com)
  • Cats receiving gabapentin had significantly greater odds of improved scores for client-specific outcome measures and quality of life. (catster.com)
  • The longer we have lived an active and enjoyable life before becoming significantly limited, the less unexpected and emotionally devastating it can be when diminished abilities come. (durangoherald.com)
  • Each summer, Relay for Life Danville sponsors an event at which cancer survivors, caregivers and volunteers band together for 24 hours of walking to raise funds, with relay team members taking turns as they circle the track at a local high school. (mercurynews.com)
  • Rabins, PV 2000, ' Measuring quality of life in persons with dementia ', International psychogeriatrics , vol. 12, no. (elsevier.com)
  • She lives with rheumatoid arthritis, which has led to reduced mobility over time, and the need for support to perform daily activities. (undp.org)
  • Mullins blames Mayor Bill de Blasio and the City Council, which wants to decriminalize several quality-of-life offenses, Kramer reported. (cbsnews.com)
  • Nocturnal hemodialysis does not improve overall measures of quality of life compared to conventional hemodialysis. (slideshare.net)
  • Increasing physical activity, reducing co-morbidities, and increasing access to healthcare could improve the quality of life for adults with arthritis," he added. (medindia.net)
  • In recent years, much thought and research has gone into how to improve the quality of life for people with advanced cancer. (healthgrades.com)
  • Studies show combining palliative care with medical treatment soon after you are diagnosed with advanced cancer can improve quality of life, and may help you live longer as well as better. (healthgrades.com)
  • The more important issues in the group were the hopelessness of no further acceptable treatments to improve the condition or quality of life, having to move to a nursing home, the inability to have or create a meaningful life, feeling like a burden to family or loved ones, an overall loss of autonomy, less independence, and feeling like life conditions were intolerable. (durangoherald.com)
  • As a nonprofit research and evaluation group, we work with nonprofits, foundations, and government entities to inform decisions and improve lives. (wilder.org)
  • Today, with more advancements in technology, there are now various features that easily help your watch blend into your daily life, thus allowing it to serve as a tool to improve your daily productivity and efficiency. (hollywoodlife.com)
  • THE key goal of the policies of the Greens in the Parliament is to improve the quality of life for European citizens. (politico.eu)
  • They will always enhance my life and improve its quality in so many immeasurable ways. (susie-mallett.org)
  • How Can ERP Help Life Sciences Firms Improve Product Quality? (erpgo-live.com)
  • Finally, ERP helps life sciences companies to improve product quality by integrating all data sources into a single system. (erpgo-live.com)
  • Look no further, because we've made a list of 6 amazing smart gadgets that will greatly improve your life at home. (supanet.com)
  • He reviewed this secondary outcome from Look AHEAD in a symposium entitled "Beyond A 1c -why quality of life matters" here at the American Diabetes Association (ADA) 2016 Scientific Sessions last week. (medscape.com)
  • Peters - Beijers, T 2016, ' Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy: an underestimated side effect with major impact on quality of life ', Maastricht University, Enschede. (maastrichtuniversity.nl)
  • How Borderline Personality Disorder or BPD Reduces the Quality of Life? (epainassist.com)
  • ERP systems can help life sciences firms avoid recall by providing comprehensive data management tools, quality control measures, and automated processes. (erpgo-live.com)
  • This course provides an insight into the mindset of Quality along with an overview the concepts, principles and processes/activities involved in Quality Assurance, Quality Control, and Regulatory Compliance within the Life Sciences Industry. (masslifesciences.com)
  • This is a course is designed for Quality Assurance professionals and others who want to learn how to design and apply quality assurance throughout the software development life cycle. (riceconsulting.com)
  • Module 4 - Software Quality Assurance (4 hrs. (riceconsulting.com)
  • AODocs for Life Sciences is a Quality Management platform for organizations to confidently build their Quality Program and reduce the cost of Computer System Validation & Assurance (CSV&A) while accelerating time to deliver business solutions. (aodocs.com)
  • ERP systems also provide quality assurance processes that allow firms to track quality checks throughout production. (erpgo-live.com)
  • Wearing a high-quality watch can add a final touch to just about any outfit you wear. (hollywoodlife.com)
  • You will learn the reasons SQA is needed, as well as the various SQA guidelines and standards used to achieve high-quality software. (riceconsulting.com)
  • All of them rigorously tested and with the same high quality standards that you also expect from our cameras. (beautifulsuzhou.com)
  • We also cover the life satisfaction of people with different objective living conditions in the report. (ssb.no)
  • Objective: To evaluate the functional performance and the technical quality of the Electronic Documentation System of the Nursing Process of the Teaching Hospital of the University of São Paulo. (bvsalud.org)
  • OBJECTIVE: to compare the effectiveness of two educational interventions used by a healthcare provider in the monitoring of individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), regarding knowledge of the disease, impact on quality of life and adoption of self-care actions. (bvsalud.org)
  • OBJECTIVE: to analyze the socio-familial and community inclusion and social participation of people with disabilities, as well as their inclusion in occupations in daily life. (bvsalud.org)
  • And importantly, this had a positive impact on quality of life, which was defined as including physical function, social function, and depression. (medscape.com)
  • QMS platforms are most often leveraged by companies that operate in highly regulated industries to ensure that quality processes are adhered to and to help them meet regulatory compliance requirements. (aodocs.com)
  • A QMS gives an organization a set of tools to control their quality processes, which can range from document publishing and employee training to managing audits and tracking the resolution of issues and risks. (aodocs.com)
  • The evaluation of development processes and of public policies often involves comparisons of social states that differ in income distributions, population sizes and life longevity. (ferdi.fr)
  • ERP software can provide a comprehensive framework for life sciences firms to streamline their processes and ensure product quality and safety. (erpgo-live.com)
  • They also provide automated processes that can help life sciences firms maintain accuracy and consistency across different teams and departments. (erpgo-live.com)
  • Participants completed the six questionnaires that assessed their perceptions on general well-being, which include pain, mood and depressive symptoms, menopausal symptoms, sleep quality, and quality of life. (nutraingredients-usa.com)
  • In 2001, The Stages of Reproductive Aging Workshop (STRAW) defined 7 stages of adult women's lives into 3 broad categories- reproductive, menopausal transition and post-menopause- with subcategories defined by menstrual cycle data and endocrine studies. (medscape.com)
  • Palliative care is not hospice, and does not mean end-of-life care. (healthgrades.com)
  • Questions on general satisfaction with life, satisfaction with different areas of life, optimism for the future, general engagement, management of life, social relations and positive and negative feelings were asked in the survey. (ssb.no)
  • Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melihat hubungan antara quality of work life dengan work engagement pada dosen perguruan tinggi swasta di Yogyakarta. (researchgate.net)
  • Alat ukur dalam penelitian ini menggunakan skala quality of work life dan work engagement. (researchgate.net)
  • Diketahui bahwa hipotesis yang diajukan dalam penelitian ini diterima yaitu ada hubungan yang positif antara quality of work life dengan work engagement pada dosen perguruan tinggi swasta di Yogyakarta. (researchgate.net)
  • Hal tersebut menunjukkan bahwa semakin tinggi quality of work life maka akan semakin tinggi work engagement atau sebaliknya, semakin rendah quality of work life maka akan semakin rendah work engagement. (researchgate.net)
  • menggunakan skala quality of work life dan work engagement. (researchgate.net)
  • be inactive or to overconsume foods of poor nutritional quality. (bvs.br)
  • Five QOL dimensions were assessed using the 'Quality of Life, Obesity and Dietetics' rating scale: physical impact, psycho-social impact, impact on sex life, comfort with food and diet experience. (inserm.fr)
  • More research is needed to understand how chemotherapy may impair quality of life and which aspects of physical and mental functionality may be most at risk as a result of these medicines, the researchers point out. (reuters.com)
  • The coalition will conduct research into city policies and programs involved with children's development to determine the impact they have on their lives from birth until 24, according to the release. (columbiachronicle.com)
  • The research was conducted to investigate whether perceived parental authority predicted quality of marital life in women. (ppri.pk)
  • You'll find that there's always going to be a smart gadget available to help you do everything easily and they will always be of the best quality if you just do sufficient research and look extensively into reviews as well. (supanet.com)
  • Another consistent finding is that people with low educational levels and low incomes are less satisfied on many quality of life-indicators compared to people with high education levels and high incomes. (ssb.no)
  • People that are unemployed, physically disabled or have health challenges are examples of groups that are overrepresented among those that are unsatisfied with life. (ssb.no)
  • Finally, we find that some life events stand out, because a very large share of people having experienced them report low satisfaction of life. (ssb.no)
  • Back then, the association managed to include the need for an independent life for disabled people into the Šabac social policy strategy. (undp.org)
  • I have only known or read about people who were suffering physically or mentally to want to end their lives. (durangoherald.com)
  • They looked at the more social/emotional aspects of people who want to end their lives, along with the physical/health conditions they have been focused on for years. (durangoherald.com)
  • This enables people who have difficult life circumstances to maintain a reasonable QOL. (activitydirectorlive.com)
  • Garcia said the Relay for Life group aims to sponsor an event at which even more people can participate. (mercurynews.com)
  • Seniorly studied federal data to determine where the quality of life has improved most for seniors across four broad categories: finances, physical health, mental health and social factors. (moneytalksnews.com)
  • I am sure that there are many more pleasures to do with riding that add to the quality of life for these children, all of these children, not only those with a physical disability. (susie-mallett.org)
  • This is where physical medicine and rehabilitation should enter your life. (balancewellspace.com)
  • Physical medicine is a specialty devoted to overcoming functional limitations to restore your independence and enjoyment of life with as little impact from your health condition as possible. (balancewellspace.com)
  • It's now up to the physical medicine practitioner to assess your abilities and devise a treatment plan targeted toward restoring lost skills or mobility and maximizing the quality of life, matching the best course of treatment to you, your condition, and your lifestyle. (balancewellspace.com)
  • Naturally, with such a large range of coverage, your physical medicine practitioner requires an extensive overview of illnesses, injuries, and even how these progress over time, since your quality of life depends both on your needs for today and the future. (balancewellspace.com)
  • A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral, social environment as well as health and disease. (bvsalud.org)
  • The officers will be accompanied in many cases by medical experts or homeless outreach experts to handle disruptive or quality-of-life situations, Bratton added. (cbsnews.com)
  • It is through the participation and involvement of disabled persons in CBR programmes that their quality of life can be improved. (who.int)
  • The authors' conclusion of a sufficient quality of life in all stages of ALS is therefore not justified. (aerzteblatt.de)
  • Top-quality selections recommended by healthcare professionals. (pureformulas.com)
  • Another important result in the report is that satisfaction varies a lot by life situation. (ssb.no)
  • We also wanted to raise awareness of quality of life - not just survival - as an important issue in prostate cancer. (europa-uomo.org)
  • As important as they are to healthy living, they are also intertwined and have an impact on the quality of life. (financialexpress.com)
  • Quality is critically important to the success of Life Sciences companies. (masslifesciences.com)
  • O ur definition of quality of life is: The degree to which a person enjoys the important possibilities of his/her life. (activitydirectorlive.com)
  • It is important to understand that there will be many other changes in your life. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Moreover, the findings also showed negative correlation between siblings' interpersonal relationships and marital quality. (ppri.pk)
  • The latest ranking by US News and World Report puts California dead last for quality of life. (kusi.com)
  • She lives in Southern California with her husband, two sons and miniature poodle Jäger. (catster.com)
  • This year, Relay for Life groups throughout the San Ramon Valley joined together on July 31 at California High School in San Ramon to raise funds. (mercurynews.com)
  • The mayor said he believes in making quality-of-life arrests, but insists there's a limit. (cbsnews.com)
  • Concerns for environmental quality and its impact on people's welfare are fundamental arguments for the adoption of environmental legislation in most countries. (repec.org)
  • T he best way of approaching quality of life measurement is to measure the extent to which people's 'happiness requirements' are met - ie those requirements which are a necessary (although not sufficient) condition of anyone's happiness - those 'without which no member of the human race can be happy. (activitydirectorlive.com)
  • Statistics on quality of work life describe the change in working conditions of wage and salary earners. (stat.fi)
  • The Foundations in Quality for the Life Sciences Industry provides presents concepts, tools and techniques for real world, on‐the‐job application of quality that is practical for a wide range of organizations. (masslifesciences.com)
  • Meanwhile, 65 percent say their quality of life is fair, poor or very poor. (cbsnews.com)
  • Make sure you never have to worry about product recall due to poor quality control by investing in an ERP solution for your life sciences firm. (erpgo-live.com)
  • It is estimated that 970 million with these pathologies have a poor quality of life and a Health Sci. (who.int)
  • The course concludes with developing your own action plan for achieving software quality in your organization. (riceconsulting.com)
  • That's why organizations in the life sciences industry need a solid foundation for managing their operations, and that's where ERP software comes in. (erpgo-live.com)