A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.
A system for verifying and maintaining a desired level of quality in a product or process by careful planning, use of proper equipment, continued inspection, and corrective action as required. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.
Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. The concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.
Norms, criteria, standards, and other direct qualitative and quantitative measures used in determining the quality of health care.
The state that distinguishes organisms from inorganic matter, manifested by growth, metabolism, reproduction, and adaptation. It includes the course of existence, the sum of experiences, the mode of existing, or the fact of being. Over the centuries inquiries into the nature of life have crossed the boundaries from philosophy to biology, forensic medicine, anthropology, etc., in creative as well as scientific literature. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed; Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)
The attainment or process of attaining a new level of performance or quality.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
A rating of a body of water based on measurable physical, chemical, and biological characteristics.
The application of industrial management practice to systematically maintain and improve organization-wide performance. Effectiveness and success are determined and assessed by quantitative quality measures.
Ratings of the characteristics of food including flavor, appearance, nutritional content, and the amount of microbial and chemical contamination.
The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.
A quality-of-life scale developed in the United States in 1972 as a measure of health status or dysfunction generated by a disease. It is a behaviorally based questionnaire for patients and addresses activities such as sleep and rest, mobility, recreation, home management, emotional behavior, social interaction, and the like. It measures the patient's perceived health status and is sensitive enough to detect changes or differences in health status occurring over time or between groups. (From Medical Care, vol.xix, no.8, August 1981, p.787-805)
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Those occurrences, including social, psychological, and environmental, which require an adjustment or effect a change in an individual's pattern of living.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.
The continuous sequence of changes undergone by living organisms during the post-embryonic developmental process, such as metamorphosis in insects and amphibians. This includes the developmental stages of apicomplexans such as the malarial parasite, PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).
The measurement of the health status for a given population using a variety of indices, including morbidity, mortality, and available health resources.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
Summarizing techniques used to describe the pattern of mortality and survival in populations. These methods can be applied to the study not only of death, but also of any defined endpoint such as the onset of disease or the occurrence of disease complications.
The performance of the basic activities of self care, such as dressing, ambulation, or eating.
Care provided patients requiring extraordinary therapeutic measures in order to sustain and prolong life.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.
That component of SPEECH which gives the primary distinction to a given speaker's VOICE when pitch and loudness are excluded. It involves both phonatory and resonatory characteristics. Some of the descriptions of voice quality are harshness, breathiness and nasality.
A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.
Participation of employees with management as a labor-management team, in decisions pertaining to the operational activities of the organization or industry.
A state of harmony between internal needs and external demands and the processes used in achieving this condition. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
The edible portions of any animal used for food including domestic mammals (the major ones being cattle, swine, and sheep) along with poultry, fish, shellfish, and game.
Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.
The individual's experience of a sense of fulfillment of a need or want and the quality or state of being satisfied.
Method of measuring performance against established standards of best practice.
A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.
Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.
Evaluation procedures that focus on both the outcome or status (OUTCOMES ASSESSMENT) of the patient at the end of an episode of care - presence of symptoms, level of activity, and mortality; and the process (ASSESSMENT, PROCESS) - what is done for the patient diagnostically and therapeutically.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Conditions characterized by disturbances of usual sleep patterns or behaviors. Sleep disorders may be divided into three major categories: DYSSOMNIAS (i.e. disorders characterized by insomnia or hypersomnia), PARASOMNIAS (abnormal sleep behaviors), and sleep disorders secondary to medical or psychiatric disorders. (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p187)
The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
The state wherein the person is well adjusted.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Feeling or emotion of dread, apprehension, and impending disaster but not disabling as with ANXIETY DISORDERS.
An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
The normal length of time of an organism's life.
Country located in EUROPE. It is bordered by the NORTH SEA, BELGIUM, and GERMANY. Constituent areas are Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, formerly included in the NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
The personal cost of acute or chronic disease. The cost to the patient may be an economic, social, or psychological cost or personal loss to self, family, or immediate community. The cost of illness may be reflected in absenteeism, productivity, response to treatment, peace of mind, or QUALITY OF LIFE. It differs from HEALTH CARE COSTS, meaning the societal cost of providing services related to the delivery of health care, rather than personal impact on individuals.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
Persons who have experienced a prolonged survival after serious disease or who continue to live with a usually life-threatening condition as well as family members, significant others, or individuals surviving traumatic life events.
Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.
An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE established in 1990 to "provide indexing, abstracting, translating, publishing, and other services leading to a more effective and timely dissemination of information on research, demonstration projects, and evaluations with respect to health care to public and private entities and individuals engaged in the improvement of health care delivery..." It supersedes the National Center for Health Services Research. The United States Agency for Health Care Policy and Research was renamed Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) under the Healthcare Research and Quality Act of 1999.
Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.
Persons who provide care to those who need supervision or assistance in illness or disability. They may provide the care in the home, in a hospital, or in an institution. Although caregivers include trained medical, nursing, and other health personnel, the concept also refers to parents, spouses, or other family members, friends, members of the clergy, teachers, social workers, fellow patients.
Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)
A readily reversible suspension of sensorimotor interaction with the environment, usually associated with recumbency and immobility.
Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.
Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.
Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.
Care alleviating symptoms without curing the underlying disease. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Facilities equipped to carry out investigative procedures.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.
A person's view of himself.
Conformity in fulfilling or following official, recognized, or institutional requirements, guidelines, recommendations, protocols, pathways, or other standards.
Institutions with an organized medical staff which provide medical care to patients.
A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.
A detailed review and evaluation of selected clinical records by qualified professional personnel for evaluating quality of medical care.
Studies to determine the advantages or disadvantages, practicability, or capability of accomplishing a projected plan, study, or project.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
Facilities which provide nursing supervision and limited medical care to persons who do not require hospitalization.
The actual costs of providing services related to the delivery of health care, including the costs of procedures, therapies, and medications. It is differentiated from HEALTH EXPENDITURES, which refers to the amount of money paid for the services, and from fees, which refers to the amount charged, regardless of cost.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.
A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)
Medical and nursing care of patients in the terminal stage of an illness.
An evaluation procedure that focuses on how care is delivered, based on the premise that there are standards of performance for activities undertaken in delivering patient care, in which the specific actions taken, events occurring, and human interactions are compared with accepted standards.
The thick, yellowish-white, viscid fluid secretion of male reproductive organs discharged upon ejaculation. In addition to reproductive organ secretions, it contains SPERMATOZOA and their nutrient plasma.
Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.
The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.
Insurance providing for payment of a stipulated sum to a designated beneficiary upon death of the insured.
Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.
The quality of SEMEN, an indicator of male fertility, can be determined by semen volume, pH, sperm concentration (SPERM COUNT), total sperm number, sperm viability, sperm vigor (SPERM MOTILITY), normal sperm morphology, ACROSOME integrity, and the concentration of WHITE BLOOD CELLS.
The state of weariness following a period of exertion, mental or physical, characterized by a decreased capacity for work and reduced efficiency to respond to stimuli.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
Movement characteristics of SPERMATOZOA in a fresh specimen. It is measured as the percentage of sperms that are moving, and as the percentage of sperms with productive flagellar motion such as rapid, linear, and forward progression.
A count of SPERM in the ejaculum, expressed as number per milliliter.
A scheme which provides reimbursement for the health services rendered, generally by an institution, and which provides added financial rewards if certain conditions are met. Such a scheme is intended to promote and reward increased efficiency and cost containment, with better care, or at least without adverse effect on the quality of the care rendered.
The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
Certification as complying with a standard set by non-governmental organizations, applied for by institutions, programs, and facilities on a voluntary basis.
The capacity of an organization, institution, or business to produce desired results with a minimum expenditure of energy, time, money, personnel, materiel, etc.
Precise and detailed plans for the study of a medical or biomedical problem and/or plans for a regimen of therapy.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
Care of patients by a multidisciplinary team usually organized under the leadership of a physician; each member of the team has specific responsibilities and the whole team contributes to the care of the patient.
A regimen or plan of physical activities designed and prescribed for specific therapeutic goals. Its purpose is to restore normal musculoskeletal function or to reduce pain caused by diseases or injuries.
Customer satisfaction or dissatisfaction with a benefit or service received.
Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.
Appraisal of one's own personal qualities or traits.
Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)
Application of statistical procedures to analyze specific observed or assumed facts from a particular study.
Sensitivity or attachment to religious values, or to things of the spirit as opposed to material or worldly interests. (from Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed, and Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd ed)
Studies determining the effectiveness or value of processes, personnel, and equipment, or the material on conducting such studies. For drugs and devices, CLINICAL TRIALS AS TOPIC; DRUG EVALUATION; and DRUG EVALUATION, PRECLINICAL are available.
Published materials which provide an examination of recent or current literature. Review articles can cover a wide range of subject matter at various levels of completeness and comprehensiveness based on analyses of literature that may include research findings. The review may reflect the state of the art. It also includes reviews as a literary form.
The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.
A person authorized to decide or act for another person, for example, a person having durable power of attorney.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary.
The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.
Any visible result of a procedure which is caused by the procedure itself and not by the entity being analyzed. Common examples include histological structures introduced by tissue processing, radiographic images of structures that are not naturally present in living tissue, and products of chemical reactions that occur during analysis.
A set of statistical methods for analyzing the correlations among several variables in order to estimate the number of fundamental dimensions that underlie the observed data and to describe and measure those dimensions. It is used frequently in the development of scoring systems for rating scales and questionnaires.
A form of bronchial disorder with three distinct components: airway hyper-responsiveness (RESPIRATORY HYPERSENSITIVITY), airway INFLAMMATION, and intermittent AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION. It is characterized by spasmodic contraction of airway smooth muscle, WHEEZING, and dyspnea (DYSPNEA, PAROXYSMAL).
Performance of activities or tasks traditionally performed by professional health care providers. The concept includes care of oneself or one's family and friends.
New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.
A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.
Design of patient care wherein institutional resources and personnel are organized around patients rather than around specialized departments. (From Hospitals 1993 Feb 5;67(3):14)
A medical specialty concerned with the provision of continuing, comprehensive primary health care for the entire family.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.
Recording of pertinent information concerning patient's illness or illnesses.
An unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli which are detected by NERVE ENDINGS of NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS.
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.
Method for obtaining information through verbal responses, written or oral, from subjects.
Detailed account or statement or formal record of data resulting from empirical inquiry.
A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.
Patterns of practice related to diagnosis and treatment as especially influenced by cost of the service requested and provided.
An indication of the contribution of a food to the nutrient content of the diet. This value depends on the quantity of a food which is digested and absorbed and the amounts of the essential nutrients (protein, fat, carbohydrate, minerals, vitamins) which it contains. This value can be affected by soil and growing conditions, handling and storage, and processing.
Standardized procedures utilizing rating scales or interview schedules carried out by health personnel for evaluating the degree of mental illness.
A method in which either the observer(s) or the subject(s) is kept ignorant of the group to which the subjects are assigned.
Health insurance plans intended to reduce unnecessary health care costs through a variety of mechanisms, including: economic incentives for physicians and patients to select less costly forms of care; programs for reviewing the medical necessity of specific services; increased beneficiary cost sharing; controls on inpatient admissions and lengths of stay; the establishment of cost-sharing incentives for outpatient surgery; selective contracting with health care providers; and the intensive management of high-cost health care cases. The programs may be provided in a variety of settings, such as HEALTH MAINTENANCE ORGANIZATIONS and PREFERRED PROVIDER ORGANIZATIONS.
The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.
Voluntary cooperation of the patient in following a prescribed regimen.
The development of systems to prevent accidents, injuries, and other adverse occurrences in an institutional setting. The concept includes prevention or reduction of adverse events or incidents involving employees, patients, or facilities. Examples include plans to reduce injuries from falls or plans for fire safety to promote a safe institutional environment.
Systematic organization, storage, retrieval, and dissemination of specialized information, especially of a scientific or technical nature (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983). It often involves authenticating or validating information.
Continuous sequential changes which occur in the physiological and psychological functions during the life-time of an individual.
A broad approach to appropriate coordination of the entire disease treatment process that often involves shifting away from more expensive inpatient and acute care to areas such as preventive medicine, patient counseling and education, and outpatient care. This concept includes implications of appropriate versus inappropriate therapy on the overall cost and clinical outcome of a particular disease. (From Hosp Pharm 1995 Jul;30(7):596)
Works about pre-planned studies of the safety, efficacy, or optimum dosage schedule (if appropriate) of one or more diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques selected according to predetermined criteria of eligibility and observed for predefined evidence of favorable and unfavorable effects. This concept includes clinical trials conducted both in the U.S. and in other countries.
Theoretical representations and constructs that describe or explain the structure and hierarchy of relationships and interactions within or between formal organizational entities or informal social groups.
A disease of chronic diffuse irreversible airflow obstruction. Subcategories of COPD include CHRONIC BRONCHITIS and PULMONARY EMPHYSEMA.
A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.
The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.
Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.
A medical specialty concerned with maintaining health and providing medical care to children from birth to adolescence.
Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.
The exchange or transmission of ideas, attitudes, or beliefs between individuals or groups.
Health as viewed from the perspective that humans and other organisms function as complete, integrated units rather than as aggregates of separate parts.
Parliamentary democracy located between France on the northeast and Portugual on the west and bordered by the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.
The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.
The interactions between physician and patient.
The state of the organism when it functions optimally without evidence of disease.
A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Persons with physical or mental disabilities that affect or limit their activities of daily living and that may require special accommodations.
Health care services provided to patients on an ambulatory basis, rather than by admission to a hospital or other health care facility. The services may be a part of a hospital, augmenting its inpatient services, or may be provided at a free-standing facility.
An iterative questionnaire designed to measure consensus among individual responses. In the classic Delphi approach, there is no interaction between responder and interviewer.
Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.
The confinement of a patient in a hospital.
A basis of value established for the measure of quantity, weight, extent or quality, e.g. weight standards, standard solutions, methods, techniques, and procedures used in diagnosis and therapy.
The origin of life. It includes studies of the potential basis for life in organic compounds but excludes studies of the development of altered forms of life through mutation and natural selection, which is BIOLOGICAL EVOLUTION.
The concurrent or retrospective review by practicing physicians or other health professionals of the quality and efficiency of patient care practices or services ordered or performed by other physicians or other health professionals (From The Facts On File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988).
Systems that provide all or most of the items necessary for maintaining life and health. Provisions are made for the supplying of oxygen, food, water, temperature and pressure control, disposition of carbon dioxide and body waste. The milieu may be a spacecraft, a submarine, or the surface of the moon. In medical care, usually under hospital conditions, LIFE SUPPORT CARE is available. (From Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary)
Persons with an incurable or irreversible illness at the end stage that will result in death within a short time. (From O'Leary et al., Lexikon: Dictionary of Health Care Terms, Organizations, and Acronyms for the Era of Reform, 1994, p780)
A measurement index derived from a modification of standard life-table procedures and designed to take account of the quality as well as the duration of survival. This index can be used in assessing the outcome of health care procedures or services. (BIOETHICS Thesaurus, 1994)
Absolute, comparative, or differential costs pertaining to services, institutions, resources, etc., or the analysis and study of these costs.
The failure by the observer to measure or identify a phenomenon accurately, which results in an error. Sources for this may be due to the observer's missing an abnormality, or to faulty technique resulting in incorrect test measurement, or to misinterpretation of the data. Two varieties are inter-observer variation (the amount observers vary from one another when reporting on the same material) and intra-observer variation (the amount one observer varies between observations when reporting more than once on the same material).
Care over an extended period, usually for a chronic condition or disability, requiring periodic, intermittent, or continuous care.
A system of medical care regulated, controlled and financed by the government, in which the government assumes responsibility for the health needs of the population.
Those affective states which can be experienced and have arousing and motivational properties.
Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.
Management of the internal organization of the hospital.
Individuals licensed to practice medicine.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
The feeling-tone accompaniment of an idea or mental representation. It is the most direct psychic derivative of instinct and the psychic representative of the various bodily changes by means of which instincts manifest themselves.
The process by which the nature and meaning of sensory stimuli are recognized and interpreted.

Life devoid of value.(1/17899)


A chiropractic service arrangement for musculoskeletal complaints in industry: a pilot study. (2/17899)

Chiropractic services are commonly used by workers with musculoskeletal problems, especially low back and neck complaints. Research into the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of this approach is, however, difficult to design without prior pilot studies. This study followed 32 workers with these complaints attending one such service and used five measures of outcome over a 6-month period. These measured pain (VAS), disability (FLP), quality of life (SF-36), perceived benefit and satisfaction with care. Additionally, sickness costs to the companies were recorded over two years encompassing the study period. Treatment utilization was also monitored. Over half the population were chronic sufferers. The effect sizes were large for pain and for seven out of eight dimensions of the SF-36 questionnaire at 6-month follow-up, although not for disability (FLP). High levels of satisfaction and perceived improvement were reported and sickness costs to the companies fell. However, the sample size in this pilot study was small and did not include controls. We would, therefore, recommend a full cost-effectiveness study incorporating a randomized trial in this area.  (+info)

Diabetic peripheral neuropathy and quality of life. (3/17899)

The quality of life (QOL) of 79 people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes and 37 non-diabetic controls was assessed using the Nottingham Health Profile (NHP). The NHP consists of six domains assessing energy, sleep, pain, physical mobility, emotional reactions and social isolation. Symptomatic diabetic neuropathy was present in 41 of the patients. The neuropathy patients had significantly higher scores (impaired QOL) in 5/6 NHP domains than either the other diabetic patients (p < 0.01) or the non-diabetic (p < 0.001) controls. These were: emotional reaction, energy, pain, physical mobility and sleep. The diabetic patients without neuropathy also had significantly impaired QOL for 4/6 NHP domains compared with the non-diabetic control group (p < 0.05) (energy, pain, physical mobility and sleep). This quantification of the detrimental effect on QOL of diabetes, and in particular of chronic symptomatic peripheral diabetic neuropathy, emphasizes the need for further research into effective management of these patients.  (+info)

Relative efficacy of 32P and 89Sr in palliation in skeletal metastases. (4/17899)

32p and 89Sr have been shown to produce significant pain relief in patients with skeletal metastases from advanced cancer. Clinically significant pancytopenia has not been reported in doses up to 12 mCi (444 MBq) of either radionuclide. To date, no reports comparing the relative efficacy and toxicity of the two radionuclides in comparable patient populations have been available. Although a cure has not been reported, both treatments have achieved substantial pain relief. However, several studies have used semiquantitative measures such as "slight," "fair," "partial" and "dramatic" responses, which lend themselves to subjective bias. This report examines the responses to treatment with 32P or 89Sr by attempting a quantification of pain relief and quality of life using the patients as their own controls and compares toxicity in terms of hematological parameters. METHODS: Thirty-one patients with skeletal metastases were treated for pain relief with either 32P (16 patients) or 89Sr (15 patients). Inclusion criteria were pain from bone scan-positive sites above a subjective score of 5 of 10 despite analgesic therapy with narcotic or non-narcotic medication, limitation of movement related to the performance of routine daily activity and a predicted life expectancy of at least 4 mo. The patients had not had chemotherapy or radiotherapy during the previous 6 wk and had normal serum creatinine, white cell and platelet counts. 32P was given orally as a 12 mCi dose, and 89Sr was given intravenously as a 4 mCi (148 MBq) dose. The patients were monitored for 4 mo. RESULTS: Complete absence of pain was seen in 7 of 16 patients who were given 32P and in 7 of 15 patients who were given 89Sr. Pain scores fell by at least 50% of the pretreatment score in 14 of 16 patients who were given 32P and 14 of 15 patients who were given 89Sr. Mean duration of pain relief was 9.6 wk with 32P and 10 wk with 89Sr. Analgesic scores fell along with the drop in pain scores. A fall in total white cell, absolute granulocyte and platelet counts occurred in all patients. Subnormal values of white cells and platelets were seen in 5 and 7 patients, respectively, with 32P, and in 0 and 4 patients, respectively, after 89Sr therapy. The decrease in platelet count (but not absolute granulocyte count) was statistically significant when 32P patients were compared with 89Sr patients. However, in no instance did the fall in blood counts require treatment. Absolute granulocyte counts did not fall below 1000 in any patient. There was no significant difference between the two treatments in terms of either efficacy or toxicity. CONCLUSION: No justification has been found in this study for the recommendation of 89Sr over the considerably less expensive oral 32P for the palliation of skeletal pain from metastases of advanced cancer.  (+info)

A prospective randomized study of megestrol acetate and ibuprofen in gastrointestinal cancer patients with weight loss. (5/17899)

The use of megestrol acetate in the treatment of weight loss in gastrointestinal cancer patients has been disappointing. The aim of the present study was to compare the combination of megestrol acetate and placebo with megestrol acetate and ibuprofen in the treatment of weight loss in such patients. At baseline, 4-6 weeks and 12 weeks, patients underwent measurements of anthropometry, concentrations of albumin and C-reactive protein and assessment of appetite, performance status and quality of life using EuroQol-EQ-5D and EORTC QLQ-C30. Thirty-eight and 35 patients (median weight loss 18%) were randomized to megestrol acetate/placebo or megestrol acetate/ibuprofen, respectively, for 12 weeks. Forty-six (63%) of patients failed to complete the 12-week assessment. Of those evaluable at 12 weeks, there was a decrease in weight (median 2.8 kg) in the megestrol acetate/placebo group compared with an increase (median 2.3 kg) in the megestrol acetate/ibuprofen group (P<0.001). There was also an improvement in the EuroQol-EQ-5D quality of life scores of the latter group (P<0.05). The combination of megestrol acetate/ibuprofen appeared to reverse weight loss and appeared to improve quality of life in patients with advanced gastrointestinal cancer. Further trials of this novel regimen in weight-losing patients with hormone-insensitive cancers are warranted.  (+info)

Second-line treatment for primary central nervous system lymphoma. (6/17899)

Failure after first-line treatment was reported in 35-60% of immunocompetent patients with primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL). There are currently no reports focusing on salvage therapy. This review analyses prognostic factors and the efficacy of salvage therapy by focusing on data from papers reporting results of first-line treatment in 355 cases. The study group consisted of 173 patients presenting treatment failure. The interval between failure and death (TTD) was compared for age at relapse (< or =60 vs. >60 years), type of failure (relapse vs. progression), time to relapse (< or =12 vs. >12 months) and salvage treatment (yes vs no). Median TTD was similar in younger and older patients (P = 0.09). Relapsed patients had a longer TTD than patients with progressive disease (P = 0.002). Early relapse led to a shorter TTD than late relapse (P = 0.005). Median TTD was 14 months for patients who underwent salvage therapy and 2 months for untreated cases (P<0.00001). A multivariate analysis showed an independent prognostic role for salvage therapy and time to relapse. Age and type of failure had no predictive value. Salvage therapy significantly improves outcome and, possibly, quality of life. As many different treatments were used conclusions cannot be made regarding an optimal treatment schedule.  (+info)

Defining and analysing symptom palliation in cancer clinical trials: a deceptively difficult exercise. (7/17899)

The assessment of symptom palliation is an essential component of many treatment comparisons in clinical trials, yet an extensive literature search revealed no consensus as to its precise definition, which could embrace relief of symptoms, time to their onset, duration, degree, as well as symptom control and prevention. In an attempt to assess the importance of these aspects and to compare different methods of analysis, we used one symptom (cough) from a patient self-assessment questionnaire (the Rotterdam Symptom Checklist) in a large (>300 patient) multicentre randomized clinical trial (conducted by the Medical Research Council Lung Cancer Working Party) of palliative chemotherapy in small-cell lung cancer. The regimens compared were a two-drug regimen (2D) and a four-drug regimen (4D). No differences were seen between the regimens in time of onset of palliation or its duration. The degree of palliation was strongly related to the initial severity: 90% of the patients with moderate or severe cough at baseline reported improvement, compared with only 53% of those with mild cough. Analyses using different landmark time points gave conflicting results: the 4D regimen was superior at 1 month and at 3 months, whereas at 2 months the 2D regimen appeared superior. When improvement at any time up to 3 months was considered, the 4D regimen showed a significant benefit (4D 79%, 2D 60%, P = 0.02). These findings emphasize the need for caution in interpreting results, and the importance of working towards a standard definition of symptom palliation. The current lack of specified criteria makes analysis and interpretation of trial results difficult, and comparison across trials impossible. A standard definition of palliation for use in the analysis of clinical trials data is proposed, which takes into account aspects of onset, duration and degree of palliation, and symptom improvement, control and prevention.  (+info)

Is revision as good as primary hip replacement? A comparison of quality of life. (8/17899)

Primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) is one of the most effective ways of improving quality of life (QoL). We have compared the improvement in QoL in 62 patients who had a cemented revision of a THA with that of 62 primary replacements. One year after operation the median QoL score had been significantly improved in both groups; from 0.870 to 0.990 in the primary group (p < 0.0001) and from 0.870 to 0.980 in the revised group (p < 0.0001). There was no significant difference in the improvement in scores between the groups (p = 0.29). When reviewed after four years there was no difference in the pain score for either group (p = 0.89), but that for function had deteriorated significantly. This was associated with revision surgery (p = 0.018) and a low preoperative QoL score (p = 0.004). We conclude that both primary and revision operations give a significant improvement in the QoL but function after revision may be less durable than after a primary arthroplasty.  (+info)

Myint, PK, Luben, RN, Surtees, PG, Wainwright, NWJ, Wareham, NJ and Khaw, KT (2010) Physical health-related quality of life predicts the incidence of Coronary Heart Disease in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer (EPIC) - Norfolk prospective population based study. International Journal of Epidemiology, 39 (4). pp. 996-1003. ISSN 1464-3685 Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy ...
Two self-administered quality-of-life measures, the McGill Quality of Life Questionnaire (MQOL) and the Patient Evaluated Problem Scores (PEPS) were compared in patients receiving palliative care. The MQOL is a multidimensional questionnaire consisting of 16 items in five quality-of-life (QOL) domains: physical symptoms, physical well-being, psychological, existential and support domains. The PEPS is an individualized questionnaire asking patients to identify and rate major problems affecting their QOL. Both questionnaires were completed by 36 patients during outpatient clinic visits in three palliative care settings in Wales. Of those patients who stated their questionnaire preference 60% favoured MQOL due to its comprehensiveness, while others (28%) preferred PEPS due to its simplicity. The MQOL showed excellent internal consistency (a = 0.90). The intrapatient analysis of answers from both questionnaires showed that MQOL was better than PEPS in reporting physical symptoms and support domain, ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - The impact of gastrointestinal and genitourinary toxicity on health related quality of life among irradiated prostate cancer patients. AU - Schaake, Wouter. AU - Wiegman, Erwin M.. AU - de Groot, Martijn. AU - van der Laan, Hans Paul. AU - van der Schans, Cees. AU - van den Bergh, Alfons C.M.. AU - Langendijk, Johannes A.. PY - 2013. Y1 - 2013. N2 - PURPOSE: To determine the impact of late radiation-induced toxicity on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among patients with prostate cancer.PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study sample was composed of 227 patients, treated with external beam radiotherapy. Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 3.0 were used to grade late genitourinary and gastrointestinal toxicity. The European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of life Questionnaire C30 (EORTC QLQ-C30) was used to assess HRQoL at baseline, and 6, 12 and 24 months after completion of radiotherapy. Statistical analysis was performed using a ...
Both HRQoL and the prevalence of side effects were not statistically significantly different between screening and control groups whereas treatment choices between the two groups were statistically significantly different. The mean scores of sleeping and sexual dimensions of the 15D and the mean 15D scores of the screening population were statistically significantly lower in comparison with reference population. Treatment choices were associated with the prevalence of prostate-specific side effects, the sexual dimension of the 15D and overall HRQoL. Sex-related symptoms were the most common side effects and higher occurrence was observed in surgery patients. The presence of erectile side effects was associated with the sexual dimension of the 15D and overall HRQoL. However, other side effects were not found to be related to the three dimensions (sleeping, elimination and sexual activity) of the 15D or overall HRQoL. After adjusting for a number of factors, patients who experienced the worst ...
The Physical Quality of Life Index (PQLI) is an attempt to measure the quality of life or well-being of a country. The value is the average of three statistics: basic literacy rate, infant mortality, and life expectancy at age one, all equally weighted on a 0 to 100 scale.. It was developed for the Overseas Development Council in the mid-1970s by Morris David Morris, as one of a number of measures created due to dissatisfaction with the use of GNP as an indicator of development. PQLI might be regarded as an improvement but shares the general problems of measuring quality of life in a quantitative way. It has also been criticized because there is considerable overlap between infant mortality and life expectancy.[1]. The UN Human Development Index is a more widely used means of measuring well-being.. Steps to Calculate Physical Quality of Life:. 1) Find percentage of the population that is literate (literacy rate).. 2) Find the infant mortality rate. (out of 1000 births) INDEXED Infant Mortality ...
Post-procedure, patients remained hospitalized and were monitored for 24 to 48 h. Clinical follow-up was recommended at 3 months and annually. Before and after ablation at 3 months and 1, 2, and 3 years, patients received a questionnaire that included QoL assessment, symptom information, and self-reports of arrhythmia recurrences (and interventions) that occurred outside of follow-up visits. All reported outcomes were timed in relation to the patients last ablation at Mayo Clinic.. Health-related QoL was assessed with the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form-36 (SF-36). The SF-36 contains 8 individual scales, scored from 0 (worst health) to 100 (best health). Raw scores were presented as T scores in comparison with a healthy normal population with a mean score set at 50 with an SD of 10. In addition to a total score, physical component summary (PCS) and mental component summary (MCS) scores were assessed on a raw scale of 0 to 100 (14).. After August 2004, the Mayo AF-Specific Symptom Inventory ...
In a longitudinal study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Husson et al found that health-related quality of life improved between diagnosis and 2 years after diagnosis in adolescent/young adult (AYA) patients with cancer, but it remained impaired compared with population norms.. Study Details. The study involved 176 patients aged 15 to 39 years with various cancers from 5 U.S. institutions who completed the Short Form-36 Health Survey (SF-36) within 4 months after diagnosis and at 12 and 24 months later. The SF-36 summary physical component scale (PCS) and mental component scale (MCS) scores were converted to T scores ranging from 0 to 100, with a higher score indicating better health-related quality of life.. Changes Over Time. At baseline, AYA patients had significantly poorer mean PCS scores (38.7 vs 52.9, P , .001) and MCS scores (42.9 vs 48.9, P , .001) vs population norms (ages 18-40 years). AYA patients had significant improvements in PCS and MCS scores from baseline at 12 ...
The effects of physical activity on prescription (PAP) on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in overweight adults are unclear. We therefore aimed to explore the effects of the Swedish PAP model on HRQoL in overweight older adults. Participants were recruited from a cohort of men and women born between 1937 and 1938, and living in Stockholm County. Inclusion criteria were; insufficiently physically active, i.e. |30 min of at least moderate intensity physical activity (PA) per day; body mass index |25 kg/m2; and waist circumference ≥102 cm (men) or ≥88 cm (women). Altogether, 101 individuals, aged 67 years, were randomly assigned to two parallel groups: intervention group (n = 47) receiving individualised PAP or control group (n = 54). The 36-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) was administered before and after the six months intervention. Main outcomes were the SF-36 physical component summary (PCS) and mental component summary (MCS) scores. Intention to treat analysis was utilised. Regression
Background Our aim was to investigate the existence of a reciprocal relationship between patients assessment of quality of life and their appraisal of health. If present, this relationship will interfere with the interpretation of heart surgerys effect on overall quality of life. Methods Path analysis was used to investigate reciprocal causal relationships between general health perceptions and overall quality of life before and after heart surgery. Longitudinal data from a study of coronary artery bypass surgery were used to model lagged, cross-lagged, and simultaneous paths over four time-points of assessment from before surgery to one year afterwards. The conceptual framework for the analysis was the Wilson and Cleary causal pathway model. General health perceptions were measured with the Short Form 36. Overall quality of life was measured with i) a single question regarding life satisfaction and ii) the multi-item Quality of Life Survey. Results Acceptable model fit was obtained for ...
Background: The EORTC 24971/TAX 323, a phase III study of 358 patients with unresectable locoregionally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck, showed an improved progression-free and overall survival (OS) with less toxicity when docetaxel (T) was added to cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil (PF) for induction and given before radiotherapy (RT). The impact of the addition of docetaxel on patients health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and symptoms was investigated. Methods: HRQOL was assessed at baseline, at end of cycle 2, and 4, 6, and 9 months after completion of RT using the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Quality of Life Questionnaire C30 (QLQ-C30) and the EORTC QLQ Head and Neck Cancer-Specific Module (EORTC QLQ-H&N35). The primary HRQOL scale was global HRQOL per protocol. Results: Compliance to HRQOL assessments was 97% at baseline, but dropped to 54% by 6 months. Data were analysed up to 6 months. There was a trend towards improved global HRQOL ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Impact of chronic gastrointestinal symptoms in diabetes mellitus on health-related quality of life. AU - Talley, Nicholas J.. AU - Young, Lisa. AU - Bytzer, Peter. AU - Hammer, Johann. AU - Leemon, Melanie. AU - Jones, Michael. AU - Horowitz, Michael. PY - 2001. Y1 - 2001. N2 - OBJECTIVES: Morbidity from GI symptoms in diabetes is considered to be high, but no studies have quantified the impact of GI symptoms in diabetes on health-related quality of life. We hypothesized that diabetics reporting increased GI symptoms would experience more impaired quality of life. METHODS: Subjects from the community with diabetes (n = 892) and outpatients with diabetes (n = 209) were recruited for this study. Subjects were divided into type 1 (diabetes diagnosed at age ,30 yr and requiring insulin) and type 2. A validated questionnaire measuring GI symptoms and diabetes status and the Short Form-36 were completed. The results were compared with Australian normal data. GI symptom groups measured ...
Research Team: Montse Ferrer, Jordi Alonso, Olatz Garin, Àngels Pont. The International health-related Quality of life Outcomes Database (IQOD) Group defines as general objective to develop a database of HRQL item responses, clinical and socio-demographic data from multiple sources of HRQL studies conducted throughout Europe; with the purpose of evaluating the psychometric properties of linguistically validated versions of three HRLQ instruments . The selected instruments were: The Womens Health Questionnaire (WHQ), the Psychological General Well-being Index (PGWB), and the Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire (MLHFQ). Each of these instruments was selected for the IQOD project because of favourable reports of its reliability and validity, its linguistic adaptation into multiple European languages, and its extensive use throughout Europe and the US. However, the metric properties of these different versions have not been cross-culturally evaluated. The MLHFQ contains 2 domains ...
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.Combined exposure to several healthy behaviors (HB) is associated with reduced mortality in older adults but its impact on health-related quality of life (HRQL) is uncertain. This is a cohort study of 2,388 individuals aged ≥60 recruited in 2000-2001, whose data were updated in 2003 and 2009. At baseline, participants reported both traditional HB (non-smoking, being very or moderately active, healthy diet) and non-traditional HB (sleeping 7-8 h/d, being seated <8 h/d, and seeing friends every day). HRQL was measured with the SF-36 questionnaire at baseline, in 2003 (short-term) and in 2009 (long-term); a higher score on the SF-36 represents better HRQL. Linear regression models were used to assess the association between HB at baseline and HRQL in 2003 and ...
The older Hispanic population of the U.S. is growing at a tremendous rate. While ethnic-related risk and complications of diabetes are widely-acknowledged for older Hispanics, less is known about how health related quality of life is affected in this population. Cross-sectional study assessing differences in health related quality of life between older Mexican Americans with and without diabetes. Participants (n = 619) from the Hispanic Established Population for the Epidemiological Study of the Elderly were interviewed in their homes. The primary measure was the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form (SF-36). The sample was 59.6% female with a mean age of 78.3 (SD = 5.2) years. 31.2% (n = 193) of the participants were identified with diabetes. Individuals with diabetes had significantly (F = 19.35, p | .001) lower scores on the Physical Composite scale (mean = 37.50, SD = 12.69) of the SF-36 compared to persons without diabetes (mean = 43.04, SD = 12.22). There was no significant difference between persons
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a respiratory disorder, which is currently one of the leading causes of chronic morbidity and
International Journal of Hypertension is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that provides a forum for clinicians and basic scientists interested in blood pressure regulation and pathophysiology, as well as treatment and prevention of hypertension. The journal publishes original research articles, review articles, and clinical studies on the etiology and risk factors of hypertension, with a special focus on vascular biology, epidemiology, pediatric hypertension, and hypertensive nephropathy.
Do you ever feel like life is kicking you in the butt? Or do you ever feel like life is dragging you down? Though it may be hard preventing negativity from pulling you into a rut when you have a chronic condition, like hepatitis B, being more positive can help lift your spirits. When you do this, you can improve your health-related quality of life!. Though there is no set definition for health-related quality of life, the CDC defines it as an individuals or a groups perceived physical and mental health over time. Health related quality of life explains how a persons physical, emotional, mental and social aspects impact their overall life. Health-related quality of life can impact your overall well-being, which the CDC defines as a positive outcome that is meaningful for people. Basically, improving health-related quality of life and overall well-being can help people feel that things are going well in their lives. Ultimately, this can help decrease stress and improve how well someone ...
BACKGROUND: The SF-36 is a generic health status measure which has gained popularity as a measure of outcome in a wide variety of patient groups and social surveys. However, there is a need for even shorter measures, which reduce respondent burden. The developers of the SF-36 have consequently suggested that a 12-item sub-set of the items may accurately reproduce the two summary component scores which can be derived from the SF-36 [the Physical Component Summary Score (PCS) and Mental Health Component Summary Score (MCS)]. In this paper, we adopt scoring algorithms for the UK SF-36 and SF-12 summary scores to evaluate the picture of change gained in various treatment groups. METHODS: The SF-36 was administered in three treatment groups (ACE inhibitors for congestive heart failure, continuous positive airways therapy for sleep apnoea, and open vs laparoscopic surgery for inguinal hernia). RESULTS: PCS and MCS scores calculated from the SF-36 or a sub-set of 12 items (the SF-12) were virtually identical
Previous studies have shown that treatment-naïve HCV patients treated with RBV and IFN experience a significant PRO impairment.[13,14] In particular, the use of IFN causes substantial side effects, including debilitating ones such as severe depression, which, in turn, affect patients ability to sustain treatment long enough to obtain a cure whether through medical discontinuation or through patients nonadherence. The use of RBV also has been shown to decrease PROs during treatment. However, the PRO data in patients who are retreated after having experienced another course of treatment have not been reported. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate PROs during treatment with and without the use of IFN in patients who participated in a prior study of an IFN-containing or an IFN-free DAA-based regimen and has not achieved SVR ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Health-related quality of life. T2 - A guide for the health professional. AU - Nanda, Upasana. AU - Andresen, Elena. PY - 1998. Y1 - 1998. N2 - The importance of evaluating health care in terms of patients quality of life has only recently been acknowledged in the context of outcomes research and the measurement of quality of care. As a health professional, trying to choose the appropriate health status or health-related quality of life (HRQOL) measure can be daunting, as one is faced with a bewildering array of choices. The purpose of this article is to describe the process by which professionals might make a choice about measures in outcomes research. The article includes examples and rationale for using generic or disease- specific HRQOL measures. In addition, examples are provided of HRQOL assessment in two adult chronic disease applications: asthma and congestive heart failure.. AB - The importance of evaluating health care in terms of patients quality of life has only ...
The Medical Outcome Study Short Form 36-Item Health Survey (SF-36) is a self-administered questionnaire that measures the impact of disease on overall quality of life and consists of 36 questions in eight domains. The domains include physical (physical functioning, role limitations due to physical health (role-physical), general health perceptions and pain) and mental domains (energy/fatigue (vitality), social functioning, emotional well-being (mental health), and role limitations due to emotional problems (role emotional)). The individual domain scores are calculated and transformed to range from 0 to 100, with higher scores indicating a better level of functioning ...
The InterStim System is the Only Proven, Long-Term Sacral Neuromodulation Solution for Overactive Active Bladder. DUBLIN - July 17, 2017 - Medtronic plc (NYSE: MDT) today announced that the InterStim(TM) system, which provides sacral neuromodulation therapy, offers sustained long-term efficacy and quality of life improvements for overactive bladder (OAB) at five years.1 Results of the InSite study, which were published online in the Journal of Urology,1 found that 82 percent of patients had therapeutic success (defined as a greater than 50 percent improvement in symptoms) at five years and sustained quality of life improvements. Effective long-term bladder control is critical because OAB is a chronic condition that significantly impacts all aspects of a persons quality of life, including confidence, activities and intimacy, said Steven Siegel, M.D., primary investigator and director, Metro Urology Centers for Female Urology and Continence Care, Minneapolis, Minn. Many struggle to find ...
There is a growing interest to use quality of life as one of the dialysis outcome measurement. Based on the Malaysian National Renal Registry data on 15 participating sites, 1569 adult subjects who were alive at December 31, 2012, aged 18 years old and above were screened. Demographic and medical data of 1332 eligible subjects were collected during the administration of the short form of World Health Organization Quality of Life questionnaire (WHOQOL-BREF) in Malay, English, and Chinese language, respectively. The primary objective is to evaluate the quality of life among dialysis patients using WHOQOL-BREF. The secondary objective is to examine significant factors that affect quality of life score. Mean (SD) transformed quality of life scores were 56.2 (15.8), 59.8 (16.8), 58.2 (18.5), 59.5 (14.6), 61.0 (18.5) for (1) physical, (2) psychological, (3) social relations, (4) environment domains, and (5) combined overall quality of life and general health, respectively. Peritoneal dialysis group ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Physical activity-related differences in body mass index and patient-reported quality of life in socioculturally diverse endometrial cancer survivors. AU - Rossi, Amerigo. AU - Garber, Carol Ewing. AU - Kaur, Gurpreet. AU - Xue, Xiaonan (Nan). AU - Goldberg, Gary L.. AU - Nevadunsky, Nicole S.. PY - 2017/2/16. Y1 - 2017/2/16. N2 - Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe physical activity-related differences in body composition, quality of life, and behavioral variables among a socioculturally diverse sample of endometrial cancer survivors. Methods: Ambulatory, English-speaking endometrial cancer survivors (6 months to 5 years post-treatment), who were residents of Bronx, NY, were recruited to complete questionnaires about physical activity (PA), quality of life (QoL), and psychosocial characteristics. Body weight and height were obtained from medical records to determine body mass index (BMI). ANOVA and independent sample t tests were used to determine differences ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Advances in quality of life measurements in oncology patients. AU - Cella, David. AU - Chang, Chih Hung. AU - Lai, Jin Shei. AU - Webster, Kimberly. PY - 2002/1/1. Y1 - 2002/1/1. N2 - Accurate assessment of the quality of life (QOL) of patients can provide important clinical information to physicians, especially in the area of oncology. Changes in QOL are important indicators of the impact of a new cytotoxic therapy, can affect a patients willingness to continue treatment, and may aid in defining response in the absence of quantifiable endpoints such as tumor regression. Because QOL is becoming an increasingly important aspect in the management of patients with malignant disease, it is vital that the instruments used to measure QOL are reliable and accurate. Assessment of QOL involves a multidimensional approach that includes physical, functional, social, and emotional well-being, and the most comprehensive instruments measure at least three of these domains. Instruments to ...
1. Falder S, Browne A, Edgar D, Staples E, Fong J, Rea S, et al. Core outcomes for adult burn survivors: a clinical overview. Burns. 2009;35(5):618-41. doi: 10.1016/j.burns.2008.09.002 19111399. 2. Spronk I, Legemate C, Oen I, van Loey NE, Polinder S, van Baar ME. Health related quality of life in adults after burn injuries: a systematic review. PLoS One. 2018;13(5):e0197507. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0197507 29795616. 3. Group WHOQOL. The World Health Organization quality of life assessment (WHOQOL): position paper from the World Health Organization. Soc Sci Med. 1995;41(10):1403-9. doi: 10.1016/0277-9536(95)00112-k 8560308. 4. Öster C, Willebrand M, Ekselius L. Health-related quality of life 2 years to 7 years after burn injury. J Trauma Inj Infect Crit Care. 2011;71(5):1435-41.. 5. McGlynn EA, Schneider EC, Kerr EA. Reimagining quality measurement. N Engl J Med. 2014;371(23):2150-3. doi: 10.1056/NEJMp1407883 25470693. 6. Ryan CM, Schneider JC, Kazis LE, Lee A, Li NC, Hinson M, et al. ...
BACKGROUND: After deep venous thrombosis (DVT), many patients have impaired quality of life (QOL). We aimed to assess whether pharmacomechanical catheter-directed thrombolysis (PCDT) improves short-term or long-term QOL in patients with proximal DVT and whether QOL is related to extent of DVT. METHODS: The Acute Venous Thrombosis: Thrombus Removal with Adjunctive Catheter-Directed Thrombolysis (ATTRACT) trial was an assessor-blinded randomized trial that compared PCDT with no PCDT in patients with DVT of the femoral, common femoral, or iliac veins. QOL was assessed at baseline and 1 month, 6 months, 12 months, 18 months, and 24 months using the Venous Insufficiency Epidemiological and Economic Study on Quality of Life/Symptoms (VEINES-QOL/Sym) disease-specific QOL measure and the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) physical component summary (PCS) and mental component summary general QOL measures. Change in QOL scores from baseline to assessment time were compared in the PCDT and no PCDT ...
Phase I trials aim to identify the recommended dose for further development. Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) could be a complement to the usual National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI-CTCAE) scale to detect adverse events and define the doses. The objective of this study is to review the phase I in oncology which used HRQoL as endpoint. A search in PubMed database identified phase I trials in oncology with HRQoL as endpoint, published between January 2012 to May 2016. Hematological and pediatric phase I were excluded. A total of 1333 phase I were identified and 15 trials were identified with HRQoL as endpoint (1.1%). The European Organisation for Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire C30 (EORTC QLQ-C30) was the most frequently used instrument: 5 studies (33.3%). The targeted dimensions of HRQoL and the minimal clinically important difference were prespecified in 1 study (6.7%) and 2 studies (13.3%), respectively. Twelve studies (80%) described the
Establishing predictors of quality of life (QoL) in individuals with inflammatory bowel disease could help to identify those patients who are most likely to experience poor quality of life.. It would then be possible to target therapeutic interventions appropriately.. Dr Welfare and colleagues undertook a study to investigate how disease-specific QoL depends on demographic, disease related, and physiological markers of disease activity, cognitive representations of illness, and perceived general health status.. The researchers collected a total of 111 Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaires (IBDQ), Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Surveys (SF-36), and Illness Perception Questionnaires (IPQ).. The research team was able to determine the extent of disease from records, and disease activity by a symptom index.. The researchers used bivariate analyses and multivariate regression models to identify predictors of disease-specific quality of life.. ...
Among a prospective cohort of patients on hemodialysis who underwent protocolized thyroid testing every 6 months, higher TSH levels were associated with impairments across multiple HRQOL domains. Higher baseline and time-dependent TSH tertiles were associated with lower (worse) HRQOL domain scores for energy/fatigue and physical function, respectively. When examined as a continuous variable, higher baseline TSH levels were associated with worse scores for role limitations due to physical health, energy/fatigue, and pain and trended toward an association with worse scores for social functioning and role limitations due to emotional problems. In analyses of time-dependent TSH as a continuous variable, we similarly observed that higher TSH levels were significantly associated with impairments in role limitations due to physical health and trended toward an association with worse physical function and pain.. In the general population, there has been increasing recognition of the effect of thyroid ...
Health-related quality-of-life outcomes of sirolimus-treated kidney transplant patients after elimination of cyclosporine A: results of a 2-year randomized clinical trial. ...
DENVER, Oct. 18 Results from a University of Pittsburgh study evaluating intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) for head and neck cancer determined the ideal doses for lessening treatment side effects. The findings were presented today at the 47th Annual Meeting of the American Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology (ASTRO) in Denver. Despite major advances in chemotherapy and radiation for the treatment of head and neck cancers, many patients continue to suffer debilitating side effects that greatly impact their quality of life, said Dwight E. Heron, M.D., study co-author and associate professor of radiation oncology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and director of radiation oncology, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center. While these high-energy beams are targeted to the tumor site as precisely as possible, they often inadvertently injure healthy tissue that surrounds the tumor site, limiting the doses of radiation that can be used to effectively destroy ...
The Life Quality Index (LQI) is a compound social indicator of human welfare that reflects the expected length of life in good health and enhancement of the quality of life through access to income. The Life Quality Index combines two primary social indicators: the expectancy of healthy life at birth, E, and the real gross domestic product per person, G, corrected for purchasing power parity as appropriate. Both are widely available and accurate statistics. The three components of the Life Quality Index, G, E and K reflect three important human concerns: the creation of wealth, the duration of life in good health and the time available to enjoy life. The amount of life available to enjoy wealth acts as a multiplying factor upon the value of that wealth. Conversely, the amount of income one has to enjoy that available lifetime acts as a multiplier on the expected duration of life. Unlike the United Nations Human Development Index (HDI), the LQI is derived rigorously from the economics of human ...
My name is Ruth Slattery. I am a sixty year old wife and mother of five sons all born at home.. I have always believed in a natural, whole foods approach to life. Having a degree in anthropology from the University of Texas at Austin made understanding and accepting the philosophy and science of the Perfect Health Diet by Paul Jaminet PHD and Shou-Ching Jaminet PHD logical and easy. The atmosphere and support at Albert Oaks makes the transition to a well rounded healthy lifestyle as easy as possible. The delicious meals by chef/owner Damon Young, oak covered grounds,chicken coop, orchard and beautiful vegetable gardens remind us of and attach us to the natural food and life experiences. Participants are encouraged to join in on caring for the chickens, gardening and cooking if interested. Personally I enjoy tending the chickens and gardening.. At Albert Oaks one learns the importance of proper light exposure, sleep, exercise and nutrition in acquiring and maintaining good health. ...
There appears to be a paradox in the prostate cancer literature: despite the fact that age and comorbidities are positively correlated, comorbidities are associated with worse physical and emotional quality of life while age is associated with worse physical quality of life but better emotional quality of life. Emotional support and positive reframing coping strategies may help explain part of this paradox in that they may be more frequently used by older prostate cancer patients and associated with better emotional quality of life. In an effort to better understand this paradox, the present questionnaire-based study of pre-treatment prostate cancer patients (n=74) investigated 1) the relations among age, comorbidity level, emotional quality of life, and physical quality of life, 2) age as a potential moderator of the association between comorbidities and emotional quality of life, and 3) an age-specific coping strategy comprised of emotional support and positive reframing as a mediator of the ...
There appears to be a paradox in the prostate cancer literature: despite the fact that age and comorbidities are positively correlated, comorbidities are associated with worse physical and emotional quality of life while age is associated with worse physical quality of life but better emotional quality of life. Emotional support and positive reframing coping strategies may help explain part of this paradox in that they may be more frequently used by older prostate cancer patients and associated with better emotional quality of life. In an effort to better understand this paradox, the present questionnaire-based study of pre-treatment prostate cancer patients (n=74) investigated 1) the relations among age, comorbidity level, emotional quality of life, and physical quality of life, 2) age as a potential moderator of the association between comorbidities and emotional quality of life, and 3) an age-specific coping strategy comprised of emotional support and positive reframing as a mediator of the ...
Background Chemotherapy treatment for metastatic breast cancer (MBC) has shown significant benefits in survival for breast cancer patients. However, chemotherapy is associated with several side effects that have a significant impact on patients quality of life. The objective of this analysis was to quantify the value patients with MBC place on reduced risk of treatment side effects.. Methods: A willingness to pay (WTP) survey was developed to assess metastatic breast cancer patients willingness to pay for a reduction in the risk of breast cancer treatment side effects. The survey assessed patients WTP for a 25%, 50% and 100% reduction in the risk of all side effects. Patients were also asked to select the side effect they would pay the most to avoid. Additionally, the survey collected demographic information such as treatment regimen, age, race/ethnicity, region, employment status, and insurance type.. Results: The survey was completed by 202 metastatic breast cancer patients. Most survey ...
Milwaukee, WI (PRWEB) May 25, 2017 -- A research study led by Drs. David Skaggs, Behrooz Akbarnia and Michael Vitale compared the health-related quality of
You had the right to know about possible breast cancer treatment side effects - such as from Taxotere - BEFORE beginning treatment.
This study is the first to demonstrate the validity of the EQ-5D-5L UI and EQ-VAS in patients with COPD by showing significant correlations with established disease-specific HRQoL questionnaires and an ability to differentiate between groups defined according to disease severity. Furthermore, we demonstrate that the EQ-5D-5L is responsive to change following pulmonary rehabilitation, and that change in EQ-5D-5L correlates significantly with change in disease-specific HRQoL measures. Furthermore, to our knowledge, this is the first study to prospectively and purposely estimate the MID for both the EQ-5D-5L directly calculated UI and EQ-VAS. Using anchors measuring similar construct, we estimated the minimum important improvement in UI and VAS to be approximately 0.05 and 7.0, respectively.. The generic format of the EQ-5D enables comparisons of health change to be made with other conditions. It has been used in national surveys to measure population-level health status, including the Health ...
With increasing numbers of people suffering from a variety of orthopedic ailments, the use of orthopedic implants has become common. The surgeons use these implants for treatment of a wide range of bone related diseases such as fracture, several bone injuries, and joint pains. The surgeons replace the damaged bone and joint to give relief to the patient.. In India, manufacturers make and supply an entire range of orthopedic implants with high global quality standards ascertain. HEMC Ortho is one of the leading orthopedic implants manufacturers known for its quality production of a whole gamut of the implants. The company makes sure that each phase of the manufacturing takes place with global quality standards met. Implants such as rods, screws, pins, plates and host of others including the instruments are made in India and supplied to the domestic and overseas markets.. Types of implants used in orthopedic surgery There are many types of orthopedic implants. In fact, there are many implants used ...
Acpuris Intensive Spot Treatment - Get up-to-date information on Acpuris Intensive Spot Treatment side effects, uses, dosage, overdose, pregnancy, alcohol and more. Learn more about Acpuris Intensive Spot Treatment
Health-related QOL was measured by mean changes from baseline in the EORTC-QLQ-C30 global health status/quality of life composite scale and by mean changes from baseline in the remaining EORTC QLQ-C30 questionnaire, Version 3. The EORTC QLQ-C30 is a questionnaire developed to assess the QOL of cancer patients. The questionnaire is a 30-item tool covering multiple items, including 5 functional scales (physical, role, emotional, social, and cognitive); 3 symptom scales (fatigue, nausea and vomiting, and pain); a global health status/QOL scale; and 6 single items (dyspnea, insomnia, appetite loss, constipation, diarrhea, and financial difficulties). Scores for each item range from 0 to 100. A high score for a functional scale represents a high (healthy) level of functioning, and a high score for the global health status represents a high QOL. However, a high score for a symptom scale represents more severe symptoms ...
Background: In order to assess and plan for changing healthcare needs, the lack of available information regarding temporal changes in the health-related quality of life of a population must be addressed. Aim: This paper aims to describe such changes over 5 years in a general population. Design of study: Longitudinal postal questionnaire study. Setting: UK general practice. Method: This was a longitudinal postal questionnaire study in two general practice populations, using the generic instalment EQ-5D to measure health-related quality of life. Individuals were included if they responded to three postal surveys in 1999, 2001, and 2004 and there were three consecutive values of EQ-5Dindex available between 1999 and 2004. Results: A total of 2498 subjects were included in the study. After adjustment for potential confounders (including ageing), health-related quality of life declined significantly over the observation period. The change in EQ-5Dindex was from 0.79 to 0.74 and for EQ-5Dvas 76.8 to ...
Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a common disorder with a significant impact on health-related quality of life (HRQL). Due to symptoms based diagnosis, disease severity is usually estimated using questionnaires which evaluate subjective scores on severity of symptoms and deterioration of HRQL, like Sino-Nasal Outcome Test-22 Questionnaire (SNOT-22). Objective severity staging is rather based on computerized tomography (CT) scores than on severity of inflammation. There is recent evidence that perceived stress has significant impact on asthma incidence and hospitalization, as well as on allergic rhinitis. As CRS is comorbidity of asthma and allergic rhinitis, we hypothesized that perceived stress may have impact on severity of CRS. The aim of the study is to correlate objective and subjective outcome measures with perceived stress. ...
IN PATIENTS WITH estrogen receptor-positive, HER2-negative advanced or metastatic breast cancer, better quality of life may be prolonged by delaying the progression of the disease, according to an ongoing quality-of-life assessment from the PALOMA-2 study, presented by Nadia Harbeck, MD, PhD, of the Breast Cancer Center at the University of Munich, Germany, and colleagues, at the 2017 European School of Oncology (ESO)/ European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) International Consensus Conference for Advanced Breast Cancer (ABC4) in Lisbon, Portugal.1 Analysis of trial data showed that patients whose disease took longer to progress had a significantly greater delay in the deterioration of health-related quality of life compared with patients whose disease progressed earlier, regardless of which treatment they had received. This study is important because it shows for the first time that progression-free survival determination by imaging in a first-line clinical phase III trial indeed also ...
BC-CfE - Short term health-related quality of life improvement during opioid agonist treatment. - BACKGROUND:Opioid dependence is associated with high levels of morbidity, yet sparse data exists
One hundred thirty-eight patients were included in this analysis. The 47 patients in the HP cohort had taken more preoperative opioids (12.0 ± 21.2 vs 3.6 ± 11.1 morphine equivalent doses, p = 0.01). However, there was no statistically significant difference in Pfirrmann classification (p , 0.15), facet grade (p , 0.11), thecal sac cross-sectional area (p = 0.45), or disc herniation grade (p = 0.39) between the HP and non-HP cohorts. The latter cohort had statistically significant higher preoperative PROMIS scores (36.5 ± 7.0 vs 29.9 ± 6.4, p , 0.001), SF-12 mental component summary scores (48.7 ± 11.5 vs 38.9 ± 16.1, p , 0.001), and SF-12 physical component summary scores (PCS; 32.4 ± 8.6 vs 27.5 ± 10.0, p = 0.005), but a lower Oswestry Disability Index (56.4 ± 22.1 vs 35.4 ± 15.5, p , 0.001). There were only two time points after microdiscectomy when the HP cohort had worse HRQOL scores: at the 2-week follow-up for SF-12 PCS scores (32.4 ± 8.6 vs 29.3 ± 7.1, p = 0.03) and the ...
Background Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is widely used as an outcome measure in the evaluation of treatment interventions in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In order to address challenges associated with existing fixed-length measures (e.g., too long to be used routinely, too short to ensure both content validity and reliability), a COPD-specific item bank (COPD-SIB) was developed. Methods Items were selected based on literature review and interviews with Dutch COPD patients, with a strong focus on both content validity and item comprehension. The psychometric quality of the item bank was evaluated using Mokken Scale Analysis and parametric Item Response Theory, using data of 666 COPD patients. Results The final item bank contains 46 items that form a strong scale, tapping into eight important themes that were identified based on literature review and patient interviews: Coping with disease/symptoms, adaptability; Autonomy; Anxiety about the course/end-state ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Maternal perspectives on childrens health-related quality of life during the first year after pediatric hematopoietic stem cell transplant. AU - Parsons, Susan K.. AU - Shih, Mei Chiung. AU - DuHamel, Katherine N.. AU - Ostroff, Jamie. AU - Mayer, Deborah K.. AU - Austin, Jane. AU - Martini, D. Richard. AU - Williams, Sharon E.. AU - Mee, Laura. AU - Sexson, Sandra Griffin Bishop. AU - Kaplan, Sherrie H.. AU - Redd, William H.. AU - Manne, Sharon. PY - 2006/11/1. Y1 - 2006/11/1. N2 - Objective: To assess the longitudinal health-related quality of life (HRQL) of children receiving hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Methods: Mothers (N = 160) of HSCT recipients aged 5-20 at six US transplant centers completed the Child Health Ratings Inventories (CHRIs), the Disease Impairment Inventory (DSII)-HSCT module, and the Short Form (SF)-36 at baseline, 3, 6, and 12 months. Results: HRQL domain scores at baseline varied by recipient age and program site. Longitudinal data ...
BACKGROUND: Fragrance allergy is a lifelong condition that may give rise to permanent or recurrent contact dermatitis and may affect quality of life (QoL). The effect on QoL has not yet been investigated, and no disease-specific QoL instrument for fragrance allergy exists. OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate a disease-specific instrument to investigate QoL among fragrance-allergic subjects. METHOD: A fragrance QoL instrument (FQL index) was developed on the basis of narratives from 68 fragrance-allergic subjects, and consisted of 13 items. It was tested in a postal survey among 1650 participants patch tested at Gentofte University Hospital (2000-2010). The survey included other QoL instruments [Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) and Short Form 36 (SF36) version 2] and questions on eczema severity (response rate of 66%). A retest was conducted after 3-6 months (response rate of 72.5%). RESULTS: The FQL index showed a significant and strong correlation with the DLQI (rS = 0.70), and disease ...
Background: Approximately 20% of men with a diagnosis of prostate cancer present with locally advanced or advanced disease. Few studies consider longer-term impact of disease progression and treatment adverse effects on health-related quality of life (QoL) of these men. Objective: Describe changes in health-related QoL over 5 years for men with newly diagnosed locally advanced or advanced prostate cancer. Interventions/Methods: Eighty-one men with locally advanced or advanced prostate cancer referred to the study by their treating urologist completed a self-administered questionnaire assessing distress, cancer-specific distress, decision regret, satisfaction with life, and global and disease-specific health-related QoL. Questionnaires were administered close to diagnosis (baseline), 2, 6, 12, 24, 36, 48, and 60 months follow-up. Results: Men were of mean age 68.3 (SD, 7.9) years and at mean of 31.9 (SD, 50.5) days postdiagnosis. The most common treatment received was androgen deprivation therapy (95.1%
Some studies support the use of cannabis for these conditions. Still, because marijuana is federally illegal in the United States, research on medical cannabis to manage cancer symptoms and treatment side effects is limited. Patient surveys have provided important insights about how people use medical cannabis. About 42% of people diagnosed with breast cancer who completed our survey said they used medical cannabis products to manage breast cancer symptoms or treatment side effects. The people who used medical cannabis ranged in age, cancer stage, and treatment phase, and most (75%) found it to be very or extremely helpful. But again, its important to talk to your doctor about using cannabis products, especially during cancer treatment, to make sure its a safe option for you. If you find that your doctor is not knowledgeable or experienced with cannabis, you may want to seek advice from an oncologist who participates in your state or countrys medical cannabis program. Its important for ...
World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL-BREF) assessment for spinal cord injury. Learn more about personal injury cases in San Francisco by reading our San Francisco Personal Injury Attorney blog.
Thank you for visiting Life Improvement Radio After Dark. You may be wondering whats with the new website and name. First, we would like to thank you for your continued years of supporting Life Improvement Radio After Dark (LIRAD). We are pleased to announce that the station featuring Mature Content for Immature Audiences has been rebranded and renamed as Helium Radio After Dark (HRAD).. What is Helium Radio? Helium Radio is the overarching network that balloons over two existing global radio stations. Life Improvement Radio and now Helium Radio After Dark were born from our sister company, Life Improvement Media Group, Inc. Helium Radio has been a long-term project in the works. Now, each radio show has its own channel on this one-of-a-kind network.. Yes, we did it…we are a marketing and branding agency, after all!. Helium Radio After Dark will still entertain around the clock. For unfiltered, adult content, look no further than Helium Radio After Dark on the all-new Helium Radio Network. We ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Validation of a standardized version of the asthma quality of life questionnaire. AU - Juniper, Elizabeth F.. AU - Buist, A (Sonia). AU - Cox, Fred M.. AU - Ferrie, Penelope J.. AU - King, Derek R.. PY - 1999. Y1 - 1999. N2 - Background: In the original 32-item Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (AQLQ), five activity questions are selected by patients themselves. However, for long-term studies and large clinical trials, generic activities may be more appropriate. Methods: For the standardized version of the AQLQ, the AQLQ(S), we formulated five generic activities (strenuous exercise, moderate exercise, work-related activities, social activities, and sleep) to replace the five patient-specific activities in the AQLQ. In a 9-week observational study, we compared the AQLQ with the AQLQ(S) and examined their measurement properties. Forty symptomatic adult asthma patients completed the AQLQ(S), the AQLQ, the Medical Outcomes Survey Short Form 36, the Asthma Control Questionnaire, ...
The aims of this study were: (1) to compare the discriminative ability of a disease-specific instrument, the St. Georges Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) to generic instruments (i.e., EQ-5D and SF-36); and (2), to evaluate the strength of associations among clinical and health-related quality of life (HRQL) measures in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We analyzed data collected from 120 COPD patients in a Veterans Affairs hospital. Patients self-completed two generic HRQL measures (EQ-5D and SF-36) and the disease-specific SGRQ. The ability of the summary scores of these HRQL measures to discriminate COPD disease severity based on Global Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) stage was assessed using relative efficiency ratios (REs). Strength of correlation was used to further evaluate associations between clinical and HRQL measures. Mean total scores for PCS-36, EQ-VAS and SGRQ were significantly lower for the more severe stages of COPD (p | 0.05). Using SGRQ total score as reference, the
MOREIRA, Ana Catarina et al. Nutritional status influences generic and disease-specific quality of life measures in haemodialysis patients. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2013, vol.28, n.3, pp.951-957. ISSN 1699-5198. http://dx.doi.org/10.3305/nh.2013.28.3.6454.. Background: Poor nutritional status and worse health-related quality of life (QoL) have been reported in haemodialysis (HD) patients. The utilization of generic and disease specific QoL questionnaires in the same population may provide a better understanding of the significance of nutrition in QoL dimensions. Objective: To assess nutritional status by easy to use parameters and to evaluate the potential relationship with QoL measured by generic and disease specific questionnaires. Methods: Nutritional status was assessed by subjective global assessment adapted to renal patients (SGA), body mass index (BMI), nutritional intake and appetite. QoL was assessed by the generic EuroQoL and disease specific Kidney Disease Quality of Life-Short Form ...
The purpose of this study was to investigate the costs and health status outcomes of intensive care unit (ICU) admission in patients who present after sudden cardiac arrest with in-hospital or out-of-hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Five-year survival, health-related quality of life (Medical Outcome Survey Short Form-36 questionnaire, SF-36), ICU costs, hospital costs and post-hospital health care costs per survivor, costs per life year gained, and costs per quality-adjusted life year gained of patients admitted to a single ICU were assessed. One hundred ten of 354 patients (31%) were alive 5 years after hospital discharge. The mean health status index of 5-year survivors was 0.77 (95% confidence interval 0.70 to 0.85). Women rated their health-related quality of life significantly better than men did (0.87 versus 0.74; P | 0.05). Costs per hospital discharge survivor were 49,952 €. Including the costs of post-hospital discharge health care incurred during their remaining life span, the total
For almost a year and a half, Shou-Ching and I have been trying to boil down everything we know about ancestral health - diet, nutrition, lifestyle, exercise, cooking, health management - and make it available in accessible forms.. One way were sharing our advice, the Perfect Health Seminar in Pittsburgh next Sunday, still has some open spots. Please join us! But the Perfect Health Retreat has been the truly outstanding laboratory for putting all of our ideas together. We control the environment, the schedule, the food, the exercise, and do health coaching before and after the Retreats. Its a good opportunity to try to optimize everything, teach everything, and see the impact on guests health over the months and years that follow.. Ill be blogging soon about early health results from May and our plans for the upcoming October retreats. But before getting into that, I thought it would be fun to share photos from the May Retreat.. ...
Background: The Chronic Liver Disease Questionnaire (CLDQ) is the first available and widely used disease-specific health-related quality of life (HRQOL) measure for chronic liver disease. It has been adapted to different countries but it has not been validated in the Cantonese-speaking Chinese population in Hong Kong (HK) where 8% of the population has chronic hepatitis B infection. Aim: The aim of this study is to translate, validate and test the psychometric properties of the CLDQ for the Chinese population in HK so that we can have a disease-specific HRQOL measures to evaluate the impact of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) infections.and the effectiveness of treatment. Methods: The Chinese (HK) CLDQ was tested on 150 patients in HK. Each patient completed a structured questionnaire on morbidity and socio-demographic, the Chinese (HK) CLDQ and Chinese (HK) SF-36 administered by a trained interviewer. Scaling assumptions were tested by item-domain correlations. Internal reliability was measured by ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Satisfaction with dietary life affects oral health-related quality of life and subjective well-being in very elderly people. AU - Iinuma, Toshimitsu. AU - Arai, Yasumichi. AU - Takayama, Midori. AU - Takayama, Michiyo. AU - Abe, Yukiko. AU - Osawa, Yusuke. AU - Fukumoto, Motoko. AU - Fukui, Yusuke. AU - Shioda, Yohei. AU - Hirose, Nobuyoshi. AU - Komiyama, Kazuo. AU - Gionhaku, Nobuhito. PY - 2017. Y1 - 2017. N2 - Age-related deterioration in physical and oral health reduces healthy life expectancy and is thus an important problem for very elderly people. We investigated the effects of satisfaction with dietary life (SDL) in everyday life on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) and subjective well-being and examined associations between these factors. We evaluated 426 elders aged 85 years or older. All participants completed a questionnaire that inquired about age, gender, drinking status, body mass index, cognitive function, disability, and comorbidities, among other ...
Aim: To explore the perceived threat of the risk of graft rejection and its relationship to psychological general well-being and self-efficacy 1-5 years after lung transplantation. Design: A nationwide, cross-sectional cohort study as a part of the Self-management after thoracic transplantation study. Methods: A total of 117 lung transplant recipients due for their yearly follow-up one (N = 35), two (N = 28), three (N = 23), four (N = 20) and 5 years (N = 11) after lung transplantation were included. We used three instruments; the Perceived Threat of the Risk of Graft Rejection, the Psychological General Well-being and Self-efficacy in chronic illness. Results: The lung recipients reported an overall low perceived threat of the risk of graft rejection with no gender differences. Intrusive anxiety explained 24.7% of the variance in the PGWB-sum (p ≤ 0.001) and makes a statistically significant (β = −497; p ≤ 0.001) unique contribution to the overall psychological general well-being (95%CI ...
Abstract: Objective: Although research has been conducted on how nurse staffing levels affect outcomes, there has been little investigation into how the health-related productivity of nurses is related to quality of care. Two major causes of worker presenteeism (reduced on-the-job productivity as a result of health problems) are musculoskeletal pain and mental health issues, particularly depression. This study sought to investigate the extent to which musculoskeletal pain or depression (or both) in RNs affects their work productivity and self-reported quality of care and considered the associated costs.Methods: Using a cross-sectional survey design, a random sample of 2,500 hospital-employed RNs licensed in North Carolina were surveyed using a survey instrument sent by postal mail. Specific measures included questions on individual and workplace characteristics, self-reported quality of care, and patient safety; a numeric pain rating scale, a depression tool (the Patient Health Questionnaire), ...
What is the HDQoL© ?. The Huntingtons Disease health-related Quality of Life questionnaire (HDQoL©) is a standardised instrument for measuring health-related quality of life. It is a validated disease-specific measure designed for Huntingtons disease. The HDQoL© can provide a summary score of overall health-related quality of life, as well as scores on several discrete scales.. The HDQoL© is an initiative of the Quality of Life Working Group of the European Huntingtons Disease Network (EHDN). This international project is funded by the EHDN, led by Dr Aileen Ho as Principal Investigator, and based at the University of Reading, U.K.. Who is the HDQoL© for?. The HDQoL© is for people who are living with Huntingtons disease. This includes people who are at risk for Huntingtons, people who have tested positive for the Huntingtons gene but do not have symptoms,and also for people at early through to late stages of disease. The HDQoL© can be used across the full spectrum of Huntingtons ...
OBJECTIVE: To carry out a longitudinal investigation of functional outcome, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and treatment strategies in JIA patients who started etanercept ,5 years ago. METHODS: We approached patients whose HRQoL changes were described previously in a subanalysis of the Dutch Arthritis and Biologicals in Children register. Recent disease status, co-morbidities and structural damage were retrieved. Disability and HRQoL were assessed by (Childhood) HAQ [(C)HAQ], Child Health Questionnaire, Short Form 36 and Health Utilities Index Mark 3. Changes over time were analysed with linear mixed models. RESULTS: Forty-three patients (81% response) started etanercept a median 8.5 years ago. At the time of this long-term analysis, median age was 22 years (interquartile range: 18-24 years). HRQoL outcome was similar to HRQoL 15-27 months after the initiation of etanercept; 42% had a (C)HAQ of 0.00 and 67% had achieved inactive disease. Patients reported increasing levels of bodily pain ...
BACKGROUND: Head and neck cancer is one of the six most prevalent neoplasms worldwide. Regardless of tumor site, deterioration of basic functions affecting head and neck areas are perceived and affect patients lives. The aim of this study was to evaluate quality of life (Short Form) and oral health related quality of life (OHIP-14) in patients with head and neck cancer. METHODS: This study was conducted on 42 patients being treated for head and neck cancer. Data collected from the survey included demographic (sex, age, and educational level), quality of life (QoL), and Oral Health Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL), which were, respectively, measured by short form-36 and OHIP-14 questionnaire. Cancer measurements were collected from the patients hospital records. ANOVA and t-tests were used to determine the association between QoL scores and the variables. RESULTS: 83.3% of the participants were men and 16.7% were women. Their mean age was 59.39 ± 12.5 years. 33.3% of the participants had oral cancer.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Health-resource use and quality of life in children with bronchiectasis. T2 - A multi-center pilot cohort study. AU - Lovie-Toon, Yolanda G.. AU - Grimwood, Keith. AU - Byrnes, Catherine A.. AU - Goyal, Vikas. AU - Busch, Greta. AU - Masters, I. Brent. AU - Marchant, Julie M.. AU - Buntain, Helen. AU - OGrady, Kerry Ann F.. AU - Chang, Anne B.. PY - 2019/8/13. Y1 - 2019/8/13. N2 - Background: Bronchiectasis in children is an important, but under-researched, chronic pulmonary disorder that has negative impacts on health-related quality of life. Despite this, it does not receive the same attention as other chronic pulmonary conditions in children such as cystic fibrosis. We measured health resource use and health-related quality of life over a 12-month period in children with bronchiectasis. Methods: We undertook a prospective cohort study of 85 children aged , 18-years with high-resolution chest computed-tomography confirmed bronchiectasis undergoing management in three pediatric ...
The aim of the study was to find out the quality of life in patients with laryngeal cancer after the treatment and to compare it with the quality of life of the general population of the same average age. Data collection was conducted through a cross-sectional quantitative survey using the standardized World Health Organization Quality of Life Questionnaire (WHOQOL-BREF), including the population standards for the age groups. Data collection was undertaken in patients treated at the Otorhinolaryngological Department. Data from 42 patients, with an average age of 70 (16 patients with permanent tracheostomy) were evaluated. A t-test was used for the statistical evaluation of the quality of life in patients after the treatment of laryngeal cancer and the general population of the same average age. We found out that patients displayed a higher quality of life in most areas of the WHOQOL-BREF (physical health, psychological health, social relationships, environment, and overall quality of life and ...
Our study objective was to assess health-related quality of life in survivors of acute lung injury (ALI) and to supplement generic and disease-specific questionnaires with findings from a focus group of ALI survivors. Six patients participated in the focus group, which revealed patient concerns with amnesia, depressed mood, avoidance behaviors, and a prolonged recovery period. Using a cross-sectional study design, 24 patients completed a questionnaire 6 to 41 mo after their lung injury. A total of 43% of the patients with ALI met criteria for depression; 43% had self-reported significant functional limitations, although 39% had minimal or no limitations. Significant respiratory and psychologic symptoms were reported in a quarter to a third of patients. There were large decrements in all domains of the SF-36 (a generic health-related quality-of-life instrument) in our sample compared with norms previously established for the general population. In addition, our patients had similar physical ...
Quality of life (QOL) is an important topic in social and medical sciences, it has a multidimensional nature and is influenced by many factors. Aim of the Work: In this study we want to assess the impact of cognitive impairment on the health related quality of life (HR-QOL) of community dwelling non demented elderly. Subject and Method: 115 non demented elderly, 60 years and older recruited from outpatient geriatric clinic at Al Mansoura General Hospital, Dakahlia, Egypt. Each participant underwent, comprehensive geriatric assessment, assessing cognitive function using the mini-mental state examination (MMSE) and montreal cognitive function test, assessing the health related quality of life (HR-QOL) by the RAND-36 health survey. Results: We found that the elderly with impaired cognition by both MMSE and Montreal test were significantly older; the ones with lower education, with more depressive symptoms, had more functional impairment and had lower HR-QOL scores than the elderly with normal cognitive
Objective: To determine the effect of frailty on Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) after treatment for Head and Neck Cancer (HNC). Materials and methods: Patients were prospectively included in OncoLifeS, a data-biobank. Before treatment, patients underwent geriatric screening, including the Groningen Frailty Indicator (GFI) and Geriatric 8 (G8). Patients HRQoL was measured using the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire Core 30 (EORTC-QLQ-C30) at three, six, twelve and twenty four months after treatment. Linear mixed models were used for statistical analysis. All models were adjusted for baseline HRQoL values, relevant confounders at baseline and yielded estimates (β), 95% confidence intervals and p-values. Results: 288 patients were included. The mean age was 68.4 years and 68.8% were male. During follow-up, 84 patients had tumor recurrence and 66 died. Response to EORTC-QLQ-C30 ranged from 77.3% to 87.8%. Frail patients, defined by ...
Little is known about the impact of chronic breathlessness (modified Medical Research Council (mMRC) score ≥2 for most days, at least three of the last six months) on health-related quality of life (Short Form-12 (SF-12)). 3005 adults from randomly selected households were interviewed face-to-face in South Australia. mMRC ≥2 community prevalence was 2.9%. Adjusted analyses showed clinically meaningful and statistically significant decrements of physical and mental components of SF-12 (mean SF-12 summary scores in physical (−13.0 (−16.0 to −10.2)) and mental (−10.7 (−13.7 to −7.8)) components compared with people with mMRC=0) as chronic breathlessness severity increased, across five age groupings. ...
Introduction: Lower health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is associated with fatigue, poor mental and poor gastrointestinal health during the first three months after colorectal cancer (CRC) treatment. Research indicates that maintaining usual activities has a positive impact on HRQoL after treatment for CRC. Illness perceptions have been associated with HRQoL in other cancer diseases, and self-efficacy has been associated with HRQoL in gastrointestinal cancer survivors. Our knowledge about illness perceptions and self-efficacy in relation to maintaining everyday activities and HRQoL following CRC treatment is incomplete. Aim: To explore associations between HRQoL, fatigue, mental health, gastrointestinal health, illness perceptions and self-efficacy in relation to maintaining everyday activities, three months after surgical CRC treatment. A further aim was to test the Maintain Function Scale in a CRC population. Method: The study was cross-sectional. Forty-six persons participated. Data were collected
Data on the impact of long term treatment with immunomodulatory drugs (IMiD) on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is limited. The HOVON-87/NMSG18 study was a randomized, phase 3 study in newly diagnosed transplant ineligible patients with multiple myeloma, comparing melphalan-prednisolone in combination with thalidomide or lenalidomide, followed by maintenance therapy until progression (MPT-T or MPR-R). The EORTC QLQ-C30 and MY20 questionnaires were completed at baseline, after three and nine induction cycles and six and 12 months of maintenance therapy. Linear mixed models and minimal important differences were used for evaluation. 596 patients participated in HRQoL reporting. Patients reported clinically relevant improvement in global quality of life (QoL), future perspective and role and emotional functioning, and less fatigue and pain in both arms. The latter being of large effect size. In general, improvement occurred after 6-12 months of maintenance only and was independent of the ...
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Limited data exist on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) after intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH). We aimed to determine baseline factors associated with HRQoL among participants of the pilot and main phases of the Intensive Blood Pressure Reduction in Acute Cerebral Haemorrhage Trials (INTERACT 1 and 2). METHODS: The INTERACT studies were randomised controlled trials of early intensive blood pressure (BP) lowering in patients with ICH (,6 hours) and elevated systolic BP (150-220 mm Hg). HRQoL was determined using the European Quality of Life Scale (EQ-5D) at 90 days, completed by patients or proxy responders. Binary logistic regression analyses were performed to identify factors associated with poor overall HRQoL. RESULTS: 2756 patients were included. Demographic, clinical and radiological factors associated with lower EQ-5D utility score were age, randomisation outside of China, antithrombotic use, high baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score, ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Comparative Performance of Diagnosis-based and Prescription-based Comorbidity Scores to Predict Health-related Quality of Life. AU - Mehta, Hemalkumar. AU - Sura, Sneha D.. AU - Sharma, Manvi. AU - Johnson, Michael L.. AU - Riall, Taylor S.. PY - 2016/2/25. Y1 - 2016/2/25. N2 - OBJECTIVES:: To compare the performance of the health-related quality of life-comorbidity index (HRQoL-CI) with the diagnosis-based Charlson, Elixhauser, and combined comorbidity scores and the prescription-based chronic disease score (CDS) in predicting HRQoL in Agency of Healthcare Research and Quality priority conditions (asthma, breast cancer, diabetes, and heart failure). METHODS:: The Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (2005 and 2007-2011) data was used for this retrospective study. Four disease-specific cohorts were developed that included adult patients (age 18 y and above) with the particular disease condition. The outcome HRQoL [physical component score (PCS) and mental component score (MCS)] was ...
We conducted a prospective study over 24 months to compare health-related quality of life in surgically and medically treated patients with intractable temporal lobe epilepsy. Seizure frequency and health-related quality of life were assessed in 81 patients before and 6, 12, and 24 months after trea …
Paediatric injuries can lead to long-term functional impairment and reduced health-related quality of life, and are a growing public health issue in India. To date, however, the burden has been poorly characterized. This study assessed the impact of non-fatal injuries on health-related quality of life in a prospective cohort study of 373 children admitted to three hospitals in Chandigarh and Haryana states in India. The Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) and Kings Outcome Scale for Childhood Head Injury (KOSCHI) were administered at baseline (pre-injury) and at 1, 2, 4, and 12 months post-injury by telephone interview. Follow-up at all-time points was completed for 277 (77%) of all living participants. Less than one percent reported ongoing disability at 4 months, and no disability was reported at 12 months. PedsQL physical health scores were below healthy child norms (83.4) at 1 month in the cohort for ages 8-12 years and 13-16 years. Although injuries are prevalent, ongoing impact on
This study is a systematic review of the measurement properties of patient-reported measures of QoL developed and/or validated for infants, children, and adolescents with eczema. A systematic literature search will be carried out in MEDLINE via PubMed and EMBASE using a selection of relevant search terms. Eligible studies will be primary empirical studies evaluating, describing, or comparing measurement properties of QoL instruments for infants, children, and adolescents with eczema. Two reviewers will independently perform eligibility assessment and data abstraction. Evidence tables will be used to record study characteristics, instrument characteristics, measurement properties, and interpretability. The adequacy of the measurement properties will be assessed using predefined criteria. The COnsensus-based Standards for the selection of health Measurement INstruments (COSMIN) checklist will be used to evaluate the methodological quality of included studies. A best evidence synthesis will be ...
View Poster. INTRODUCTION. Quality of life (QOL) in cancer patients has gained increasing attention and may provide prognostic value above and beyond traditional demographic and disease parameters. We evaluate the utility of self-reported QOL to predict mortality in patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC).. METHODS. The Medicare Health Outcomes Survey was linked to the SEER database to identify patients who completed a QOL questionnaire after the diagnosis of RCC from 1998-2014. Mental component summary (MCS) and physical component summary (PCS) scores were classified as high (≥50) or low (. RESULTS. A total of 1494 patients with a median age of 73.4 years (IQR 68.8-79.3) at survey completion were included. Median follow-up was 5.6 years (IQR 4.0-8.3). There were 747 deaths, of which 139 were due to RCC. Cox regression showed that each additional MCS and PCS point reduced the hazard of ACM by 1.3% (95% CI 0.981-0.993, PPP=0.02), 4.55 (95% CI 1.57-13.18, P=0.005), and 3.11 (95% CI 1.35-7.16, ...
BISAC: PSY036000. The state of health and life satisfaction are influenced not only by social and demographic factors, but also by a number of other factors: the rate of occurrence of sickness and health problems, lifestyle, how leisure time is spent, a balanced diet, ecological conditions, etc. This book provides a review of determinants of life satisfaction, psychological implications, and the impact of life satisfaction on the quality-of-life. Chapter One studies the influence of social and demographic factors (age, gender group, lifestyle, presence or absence of chronic diseases) on parameters of self-assessed health and life satisfaction by studying the population of Poland. Chapter Two provides an evidence-based review of gratitude interventions. Chapter Three investigates the connection between well-being and time use with the focus on working parents. Chapter Four examines the impact of health-related quality of life on female migrant workers suffering from cadmium poisoning in China ...
BETHESDA, Md-The National Cancer Institute has released a summary of published data derived so far from the Prostate Cancer Outcomes Study (PCOS), which seeks to determine the effect of various therapies for primary invasive prostate cancer on patients quality of life.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1995 Dec;80(12):3585-90.. Burman P, Broman JE, Hetta J, Wiklund I, Erfurth EM, Hagg E, Karlsson FA.. Department of Medicine, University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden.. We examined the effect of GH supplementation on the psychological capacity and sense of well-being in 36 patients with adult-onset GH deficiency (GHD). Recombinant human GH was given in a 21-month cross-over, double blind trial, and quality of life was assessed by using three self-rating questionnaires: the Hopkins Symptom Check List (HSCL), the Nottingham Health Profile (NHP), and the Psychological General Well-Being index. In addition, at the final examination the spouses completed a short questionnaire concerning their partner. Before treatment, the patients had lowered quality of life as determined by the HSCL and NHP inventories, and a correlation between the duration of GHD and the reported symptoms was observed. Upon treatment, the HSCL score was lower (better) after placebo administration (mean +/- SD, ...
This randomized clinical trial examined if a primary care-based intervention improves mental health-related quality of life among survivors of sepsis. Two hundred ninety-one patients 18 yr or older who survived sepsis, including septic shock, were recruited from nine intensive care units (ICUs) across Germany. Participants were randomized to usual care (n = 143) or to a 12-month intervention (n = 148). Usual care was provided by their primary care physician (PCP) and included periodic contacts, referrals to specialists, and prescription of medication, other treatment, or both. The intervention included PCP and patient training, case management provided by trained nurses, and clinical decision support for PCPs by consulting physicians. The primary outcome was change in mental health-related quality of life between ICU discharge and 6 months after ICU discharge using the Mental Component Summary of the 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey. It was found that among survivors of sepsis and septic shock, ...
Whereas adult survivors of childhood cancer from the CCSS report more symptoms of psychological distress compared with siblings, both groups report better psychological adjustment than that of population norms. Survivors report poorer HRQOL in physical and social but not in mental health domains compared with siblings. Compared with U.S. population norms, survivors have increased risk of poor HRQOL in physical and social domains, with the largest effect size in vitality. Compared with population norms, siblings fare better in physical function and general health, and both survivors and siblings report better mental health than does the general population, as well as high levels of current life satisfaction. Except for CNS tumor survivors, both groups also expect high life satisfaction in 5 years. Our findings add to information from previous CCSS estimates of health status (24) and chronic disease (27). Despite their increased risk for poor health status, and the fact that ,70% of childhood ...
Objectives: To evaluate the effect of infliximab on health related quality of life (HRQoL) and physical function in patients with active psoriatic arthritis (PsA) in the IMPACT 2 trial.. Methods: 200 patients with PsA unresponsive to conventional treatment were randomised to intravenous infusions of infliximab 5 mg/kg or placebo at weeks 0, 2, 6, 14, and 22; patients with inadequate response entered early escape at week 16. HRQoL was assessed using the Short Form-36 (SF-36) at weeks 0, 14, and 24. Functional disability was assessed using the Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) at every visit through week 24. Associations between changes in quality of life (SF-36) and articular (American College of Rheumatology (ACR)) and dermatological (Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI)) responses were examined.. Results: Mean percentage improvement from baseline in HAQ was 48.6% in the infliximab group compared with worsening of 18.4% in the placebo group at week 14 (p,0.001). Furthermore, 58.6% and ...
Author(s): Ibrahim, John M; Singh, Paramjit; Beckerman, Daniel; Hu, Serena S; Tay, Bobby; Deviren, Vedat; Burch, Shane; Berven, Sigurd H | Abstract: Study Design:Retrospective case series. Objectives:Both the rate and complexity of spine surgeries in elderly patients has increased. This study reports the outcomes of multilevel spine fusion in elderly patients and provides evidence on the appropriateness of complex surgery in elderly patients. Methods:We identified 101 patients older than70 years who had ≥5 levels of fusion. Demographic, medical, and surgical data, and change between preoperative and >500 days postoperative health survey scores were collected. Health surveys were visual analogue scale (VAS), EuroQoL 5 Dimensions (EQ-5D), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), Scoliosis Research Society questionnaire (SRS-30), and Short Form health survey (SF-12) (physical composite score [PCS] and mental composite score [MCS]). Minimal clinically important differences (MCIDs) were defined for each survey.
TY - JOUR. T1 - The impact of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator implantation on health-related quality of life in the DANISH trial. AU - Bundgaard, Johan S. AU - Thune, Jens J. AU - Nielsen, Jens C. AU - Videbæk, Regitze. AU - Haarbo, Jens. AU - Bruun, Niels E. AU - Videbæk, Lars. AU - Aagaard, David. AU - Korup, Eva. AU - Jensen, Gunnar. AU - Hildebrandt, Per. AU - Steffensen, Flemming H. AU - Eiskjær, Hans. AU - Brandes, Axel. AU - Thøgersen, Anna M. AU - Melchior, Thomas M. AU - Pedersen, Ole D. AU - Gustafsson, Finn. AU - Egstrup, Kenneth. AU - Hassager, Christian. AU - Svendsen, Jesper H. AU - Høfsten, Dan E. AU - Torp-Pedersen, Christian. AU - Pedersen, Susanne S. AU - Pehrson, Steen. AU - Køber, Lars. AU - Mogensen, Ulrik M. N1 - Published on behalf of the European Society of Cardiology. All rights reserved. � The Author(s) 2019. For permissions, please email: [email protected] PY - 2019/6/1. Y1 - 2019/6/1. N2 - AIM: The Danish Study to Assess the Efficacy of ...
Schizophrenia is one of the major mental disorders which affect individuals thinking ability, social interaction or attention. It affects persons entire quality of life. The purpose of the study was to find out the quality of life of schizophrenic patient in Bangladesh. Cross sectional study design was used to conduct this study. The convenient sampling procedure was used throughout the process of participants selection and the numbers of respondents were 83. The study was carried out at National Institute of Mental Health and Hospital (NIMH), Dhaka. Data was collected by using face to face interview with a structured questionnaire WHOQOL-BREF (The World Health Organization Quality of Life- BREF) scale. It was found that most of the participants lead poor to moderate quality of life in four domains of the WHOQOL-BREF scale. Results showed that mean scores were for physical health (mean 2.7, SD+0.106); psychological health (mean 2.108, SD +0.0787); social relationship (mean 2.226; SD+0.116) and ...
"Quality of Life." Historic Prince George's County: A Confluence of Cultures. San Antonio, TX: Historical Network, 2011. ...
... quality of life; from education institution to knowledge institution; the new world and (physical) technology. In 2011 research ... The quality assurance system is validated every six years by a national validation committee for research quality assurance ( ... The Hague University of Applied Sciences uses a quality assurance system to assess its research. An independent, external ... VKO). The quality assurance system at The Hague University of Applied Sciences received a positive validation in 2010. The ...
"My life...my style...my store". Shopko's last slogan was "The Stuff that Counts", which was used from 2015 to 2019. The slogan ... ", "ShopKo discounts the price...not the quality.", "We won't be undersold.", "ShopKo: Discover for Yourself", "ShopKo - The ...
"Quality of Life". Osawatomie Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved 2009-11-16. Kansas portal City of Osawatomie Osawatomie - Directory ... in an effort to remember their lives and contribution to the community's history. The Osawatomie government consists of a mayor ...
"Good as Gold … and Silver and Bronze". Trailer Life. Bunker, Kristopher. "And the Winners Are …". Motorhome. "Quality Circle ... Quality Circle Awards Jayco partnered with a UK-based company in the late 1970s and produced a tent camper for the European ... Trailer Life 2015 Bronze Award Winner - Readers' Choice Award Best of Show - New Unit by RV News (2018 Octane) Motorhome Silver ...
"Quality of Life". Baseball Reference Bullpen. ...
"Quality of Life". "Auburn Athletics - BR Bullpen". www.baseball-reference.com. "1910 Missouri-Iowa-Nebraska-Kansas League". ...
"Surrey's Richest 50 2010 - 20 to 11". Surrey: Surrey Life. 5 April 2010. Retrieved 1 March 2014. "QCM: Aref Karim". Quality ... Aref Karim, Quality Capital Management "The Interview - Aref Karim, Quality Capital Management: "We see managed futures playing ... "Quality Capital Management". Absolute Returns. Archived from the original on 4 March 2014. Retrieved 1 March 2014. "EuroHedge ... Quality Capital Management website Collins, Daniel P. Aref Karim: Allocating profits. Futures. 23 February 2007 The Interview ...
"Quality of Life". The Sarawak Government. Archived from the original on 9 September 2015. Retrieved 19 December 2015. "Sarawak ... Under the Wild Life Protection Ordinance 1998, Sarawak natives are given permissions to hunt for a restricted range of wild ... All the same, there are important variations in the quantity and quality of infrastructure stocks, with infrastructure more ... Kaur, Jeswan (16 December 2007). "Penan slowly abandoning their nomadic way of life". The Brunei Times. Archived from the ...
"Quality of Life". City of Purcell. Archived from the original on 30 December 2016. Retrieved 7 May 2017. https://www.waymarking ... Named to honor a popular and talented Purcell High School golfer whose life was ended by cancer in the mid-1970s. The golf ... pilot and flight instructor and lost his life in the Iraq War. Purcell has two local medical facilities, Purcell Municipal ...
"Quality of Life". City of Utica. Retrieved April 17, 2015. Nadeau, Mary (September 11, 2008). "A bright outlook on life". ... "Quality of Life". www.cityofutica.com. Retrieved April 25, 2015. "F.X. Matt Brewing Co. / Saranac - Brew Central". ... "Water Quality". Mohawk Valley Water Authority. Retrieved April 20, 2015. "Water Quality Report 2014" (PDF). Mohawk Valley Water ... Utica's lack of quality academic and educational choices, when compared to Syracuse under an hour away, contributed to its ...
"Quality of Life under Drought Conditions. A Case Study of Children in Lesotho". Quality of Life Research. 6 (5): 456.CS1 maint ... Life expectancy at birth in Lesotho in 2016 was 51 years for men and 55 for women. Infant mortality is about 8.3%. In 2019, ... One study in Lesotho found that 61 percent of women reported having experienced sexual violence at some point in their lives, ... "The SACMEQ II Project in Lesotho: A Study of the Conditions of Schooling and the Quality of Education. Harare: SACMEQ". Sacmeq ...
"Social network and health-related quality of life in older adults: A population-based study in Spain". Quality of Life Research ... A stressful event can be a life-threatening event (e.g., a disease, encountering a dangerous wild-animal) or a social-life ... Health and Quality of Life Outcomes. 16 (1): 80. doi:10.1186/s12955-018-0912-0. ISSN 1477-7525. PMC 5930820. PMID 29716589.. ... Low-quality relationships, as well as the lack of social support, have negative consequences on health, moreover, these ...
It is a 22-item unidimensional scale which is based on needs-based quality of life theory. The U-FIS was developed by Galen ... Quality of Life Research. 21 (6): 925-44. doi:10.1007/s11136-011-0009-2. PMC 3389599. PMID 22012025. Valero, S; Sáez-Francàs, N ... "as the most appropriate for assessing the impact of MS-related fatigue on quality of life". Data from the FIS went through ...
Hu, Shu (2014), "Pretesting", in Michalos, Alex C. (ed.), Encyclopedia of Quality of Life and Well-Being Research, Dordrecht: ... Quality of Life Research. 24 (1): 147-151. doi:10.1007/s11136-014-0752-2. ISSN 1573-2649. PMID 25008261. S2CID 22314144. ...
... and Quality of Life. On September 15, 2000, two vessels from the Chinese Navy (Qingdao and Taicang) began a three-day visit to ...
"Display Quality: Color Gamut". Tom's Hardware. 13 September 2011. Davies, Chris. "Asus Eee Pad Transformer first-impressions ( ... 14.5-hour battery life, and has a thickness of 8.3 mm. The US release date was 19 December 2011. In March 2012, the Asus ... two USB 2.0 ports and one SD card reader as well as an additional battery that increases overall battery life from 9.5 to 16 ... Droid Life. Retrieved 5 September 2011. ASUS North America. "when will ICS be available for The original Transformer? Cant wait ...
"Professional Quality of Life". Professional Quality of Life Measure. Retrieved 2020-02-13. Day, Jennifer R.; Anderson, Ruth A ... "Professional Quality of Life". www.proqol. Retrieved 2020-02-09. Stamm, B. H.; Figley, C. R. (2018). "Compassion Fatigue Self- ... 7(1): p. 71 Van Hook, M. P.; Rothenberg, M. (2009). "Quality of life and compassion satisfaction/fatigue and burnout in child ... It is sometimes referred to as secondary traumatic stress (STS). According to the Professional Quality of Life Scale, burnout ...
"Construction of a Quality of Life Questionnaire for slowly progressive neuromuscular disease". Quality of Life Research. 24 (11 ... Quality of life can be measured with questionnaires, such as the FSHD Health Index. How the disease affects daily activities ... Ankle-foot orthoses can improve walking, balance, and quality of life. As of 2021, no pharmaceuticals have definitively proven ... Although some pharmaceuticals have shown improved muscle mass, they did not improve quality of life. Various manifestations of ...
"Use of tranquilizers and sleeping pills among cancer patients is associated with a poorer quality of life". Quality of Life ... of cancer patients found that those who took tranquillisers or sleeping tablets had a substantially poorer quality of life on ... The discrimination has disastrous effects on the lives of those affected. Nina Lakhani (7 November 2010). "Drugs linked to ... they accept the conclusions of Professor Lader's research and said that they fund only research that meets required quality ...
Increased quality of life. Lower temperatures reduce heat-related illnesses and illnesses from the formation of smog. Permeable ... Improvement in water quality. Permeable pavements reduce stormwater runoff by allowing water to soak into the pavement and soil ... Improvement in air quality. A reduction in energy usage would lower greenhouse emissions and air pollution (dependent on ... Local climate Labor contractors Time of year Site accessibility Underlying soils Project size Expected traffic The desired life ...
"Quality of life of individuals with and without facial feminization surgery or gender reassignment surgery". Quality of Life ... Research has shown that while in early life there is little difference between male and female skulls, in adulthood male skulls ... Injuries to the brain can be life-threatening. Normally the skull protects the brain from damage through its hard ... the skull and teeth can also indicate a person's life history and origin. Forensic scientists and archaeologists use metric and ...
Dickerson V (November 2002). "Quality of life issues. Potential role for an oral contraceptive containing ethinyl estradiol and ... The elimination half-life of drospirenone is between 25 and 33 hours. The half-life of drospirenone is unchanged with repeated ... The distribution half-life of drospirenone is about 1.6 to 2 hours. The apparent volume of distribution of drospirenone is ... EE/DRSP is superior to placebo in reducing premenstrual emotional and physical symptoms while also improving quality of life. ...
"Quality of Life Issues". Los Angeles Police Department. Retrieved August 18, 2011. "Supervision". Los Angeles Police Department ... Police Life-Saving Medal: The Police Life-Saving Medal is an award for bravery, usually awarded to officers for taking action ... Chief: My life in the LAPD (Bantam, 1993). Jenks, David A., J. Scott Carter, and Catherine A. Jenks. "Command Staff Leadership ... Following Mincey's death, the Police Commission barred the use of the chokehold by officers unless it was in a life-threatening ...
"Kemp Hospice , Adding quality to life". www.kemphospice.org.uk. Retrieved 28 August 2016.. ... He lives in Worcestershire with his wife Margaret. http://search.findmypast.co.uk/results/world-records/england-and-wales- ...
"Female-to-male transgender quality of life". Quality of Life Research. 15 (9): 1447-1457. doi:10.1007/s11136-006-0002-3. ISSN ... "I Documented My First Year on Testosterone, And It Changed My Life". them. Retrieved 2019-04-21. Newfield, Emily; Hart, Stacey ... his love life, and American sign language translation videos to popular songs. Man stated in an interview with Teen Vogue, " ...
... quality of life prior to detention in relation to psychiatric disorders, trauma exposure and socioeconomic status". Quality of ... It is generally assumed that all personality disorders are linked to impaired functioning and a reduced quality of life (QoL) ... For each additional personality disorder criterion that a person meets there is an even reduction in quality of life. Depending ... There is also a direct relationship between the number of diagnostic criteria and quality of life. ...
"Timothy Eggar". Quality of Life Challenge. Archived from the original on 28 August 2008. "Orders for 13 May 2009". Privy ... since membership is for life). Among those politicians generally sworn of the council are ministers of the Crown, the few most ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Benton, Michael J. (23 September 2005). Fossil Record: Quality. Encyclopedia of Life ...
"Quality of Life & Housing". wcedafl.com. Retrieved 2020-08-09. "DeFuniak Springs, Florida. Treasure Chest of Victorian Homes". ...
... especially in the life sciences. And each case seems to present a new low in terms of the depth and quality of analysis." She ... Chris Holman, Federal Circuit Decides Ariosa, and It's Not Good News for Innovation in the Life Sciences, Holman's Biotech IP ... This is especially true in the life sciences, where development of useful new diagnostic and therapeutic methods is driven by ... and in the life sciences generally."[12] Holman said that he hoped that "the Federal Circuit can find some way to rein in the ...
Osterhout, Jacob (December 17, 2009). "'The Beautiful Life' will get second life online; ill-fated CW show headed for the Web" ... Lineup of Programming Dominated by New Scripted Series for 2009-2010 Primetime Season That Extends the Network's Quality Brand ... Life Unexpected - Renewed for a second season on May 18, 2010.. *One Tree Hill - Renewed for an eighth season on May 18, 2010. ... a b c CW Picks Up "Beautiful Life", "Vampire Diaries", "Melrose", E! Online, May 19, 2009 ...
Concurrently, data quality and integrity is taken into account to guarantee a safe conduct of all operations. To fulfil these ... contributes by investigating potential microservices that serve the airspace user's needs in all phases of the operation life ...
Seward, Desmond (1995). The Wars of the Roses: And the Lives of Five Men and Women in the Fifteenth Century. Constable. ISBN 0- ... She wore robes of the same quality as the queen consort and walked only half a pace behind her. Elizabeth's biographer, Amy ... She is portrayed later in life by Harriet Walter in 2019's The Spanish Princess, a follow-up to both The White Queen and The ... Seward, Desmond (1995). The Wars of the Roses: And the Lives of Five Men and Women in the Fifteenth Century. London: Constable ...
In the very first years of life the sutures serve as the most important centers of growth in the skull.[3] The growth of the ... Eide PK (2006). "Assessment of quality of continuous intracranial pressure recordings in children". Pediatric Neurosurgery. 42 ... compensatory skull deformations would automatically be corrected by the fast growth of the brain during the first year of life. ...
Food Quality Protection Act, Pub.L. 104-170 (text) (pdf). Approved 1996-08-03. ... Devices and instruments used to trap or kill pests or plant life, but not including equipment used to apply pesticides when ... The Federal Insecticide Act (FIA) of 1910 was the first pesticide legislation enacted.[2] This legislation ensured quality ... Pesticide Use and Water Quality: Are the Laws Complementary or in Conflict ...
When a show-quality coat is required, it can be achieved in many ways. One is by "rolling the coat", i.e. stripping the dog ... The life expectancy is around 13 - 14 years.. The proportions are not exaggerated in any way and thus eye or breathing problems ... The coat must be stripped by hand or a non-cutting knife to retain its weather-resistant qualities. This does not hurt the dog ... The Irish Terrier is full of life, but not hyperactive; it should be able to relax inside the house and be roused to full ...
See also www.melbunifootball.com/Personalities.pdf on page 8 Cheers PS I have more on his school life to add once you work out ... Africa currently has over 37,000 stubs and badly needs a quality improvement editathon/contest to flesh out basic stubs. There ... Source material UK Comedy Spitting Image, Spitting Image Productions, "Bumbledown: The Life and Times of Ronald Reagan, on ITV ...
... is typically a chronic disease associated with a ten-year-shorter life expectancy.[10] This is partly due to a ... "Carbohydrate quality and human health: a series of systematic reviews and meta-analyses". Lancet. 393 (10170): 434-445. doi ... improves a person's life expectancy.[25] Decreasing the systolic blood pressure to less than 140 mmHg is associated with a ... taking into account particular risks of hypoglycemia and life expectancy.[68][87][88] Hypoglycemia is associated with adverse ...
"The Decline in Swedish Union Density since 2007", Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies (NJWLS) Vol. 1. No 1 (August 2011), pp ... are examples of how the use of government benefits are not being applied to improve the quality in the investigation of the use ... Hoffa, a 1992 American biographical film directed by Danny DeVito and based on the life of Teamsters Union leader Jimmy Hoffa. ... Studies in Social Policy, Industrial Relations, Working Life and Mobility. Research Reports 2020:1, Appendix 3 (in English) ...
Quality of LNG[edit]. LNG quality is one of the most important issues in the LNG business. Any gas which does not conform to ... A 2015 peer reviewed study evaluated the full end to end life cycle of LNG produced in the U.S. and consumed in Europe or Asia. ... a b LNG Quality and Market Flexibility Challenges and Solutions Com.qa Archived 2009-02-26 at the Wayback Machine ... Quality regulations serve three purposes:[98] 1 - to ensure that the gas distributed is non-corrosive and non-toxic, below the ...
Early life[edit]. He was born at Milgate House, Bearsted, Kent, not too long before 17 January 1573/4.[2] He was the son of Sir ... including all secondary elements and the four qualities of the ancients. Moreover, the Fluddean tripartite theory concluded ... James Brown Craven, Doctor Fludd (Robertus de Fluctibus), the English Rosicrucian: Life and Writings, Kirkwall: William Peace ... The sun conveyed Spirit to the earth through its rays, which circulated in and about the earth giving it life. Likewise, the ...
Life On Film (1969). *. Sorel, Edward (2016). Mary Astor's Purple Diary: The Great American Sex Scandal of 1936. Liveright ... whose qualities of depth and reality always seemed to illuminate the parts she played".[3] ... In A Life on Film, she described her character as "a little old lady, waiting to die". Astor decided it would serve as her swan ... Early life[edit]. Astor was born in Quincy, Illinois, the only child of Otto Ludwig Langhanke (October 2, 1871 - February 3, ...
Allee, W. C. (1932). Animal life and social growth. Baltimore: The Williams & Wilkins Company and Associates.. ... However, concentration and quality of nutrients and energy is variable. Many plant fibers, for example, are indigestible to ... About eighty to ninety percent of the energy is expended for the organism's life processes or is lost as heat or waste. Only ... Ecologists can broadly lump all life forms into one of two categories called trophic levels: 1) the autotrophs, and 2) the ...
... "reduce pain and concomitant mood disturbance and increase quality of life."[151] ... of placing patient values and lifestyle habits at the core of any design and delivery of quality care at the end of life. If ... Even low-risk medications such as antibiotics can have potential to cause life-threatening anaphylactic reactions in a very few ... Other concerns include the use of herbs containing toxic compounds and the lack of quality control in Ayurvedic facilities. ...
They obtain high quality[citation needed] natural or organic produce having medicinal values. Today still a small number of ... "Life and Death in the Field , Final Straw - Food , Earth , Happiness". www.finalstraw.org. Retrieved 2017-04-16.. .mw-parser- ... Ancient soils possess physical and chemical attributes that render them capable of generating and supporting life abundance. It ... Fukuoka saw farming both as a means of producing food and as an aesthetic or spiritual approach to life, the ultimate goal of ...
The European co-operation in quality assurance, Poland is trying to solve the problem of quality and accreditation in a highly ... Considering that an individual's active life lasts about forty years, more time is needed to raise the level of adult education ... Private institutions are more flexible and definitely offer higher quality services than do their public counterparts[citation ... The globalization of public life and the perspective of Polish membership in the European Union are pushing Polish graduates to ...
Muscular atrophy decreases qualities of life as the sufferer becomes unable to perform certain tasks or worsen the risks of ...
... ranked Saint Barnabas Medical Center high in women's health quality with one of only 15 hospitals nationwide to earn both the ... 2009 Kidney donations connect strangers in Chain of Life forged by transplants, The Star-Ledger, June 05, 2009 - accessed July ... Barnabas Medical Center was ranked the 13th best hospital in the United States by AARP Modern Maturity Magazine for quality of ...
Its storyline largely revolves around the lives and close relationships of the school's student council known as the Yamayuri ... adding that the animation is sometimes of questionable quality but overall "very appealing".[7] Andrew Shelton from AMR found ... The Rose Mansion from the story was recreated in the Second Life virtual world and opened on February 8, 2008.[134] ...
LifeEdit. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to ... Admiration - one marvels at the qualities of the loved one.. *Acknowledgement - one acknowledges the pleasantness of having ... A Life of Rossini (1824). AutobiographyEdit. Stendhal's brief memoir, Souvenirs d'Égotisme (Memoirs of an Egotist) was ... The Life of Henry Brulard (1835-1836, published 1890). *Souvenirs d'Égotisme (Memoirs of an Egotist, written in 1832 and ...
Quality controlEdit. The overall performance of PET systems can be evaluated by quality control tools such as the Jaszczak ... Radionuclides used in PET scanning are typically isotopes with short half-lives[3] such as carbon-11 (~20 min), nitrogen-13 (~ ... Because of its 2-minute half-life, O-15 must be piped directly from a medical cyclotron for such uses, which is difficult. * ... Because the half-life of fluorine-18 is about two hours, the prepared dose of a radiopharmaceutical bearing this radionuclide ...
This material is used for archival quality storage of documents by the Library of Congress (Mylar® type D, ICI Melinex 516 or ... achieving long shelf life. Examples are coffee "foil" packaging and pouches for convenience foods. ...
"85th annual Emilio Carranza Memorial service in Tabernacle - Life". South Jersey Local News. Retrieved 2016-07-30.. ... "or the quality of your manhood will be in doubt." According to the legend, the telegram was found at the crash site in the ... completed and premiered a feature-length documentary detailing the life of Emilio Carranza and the role of the American Legion ... The documentary details the life of Emilio Carranza and the continued role of the American Legion Post 11 of Mount Holly, NJ's ...
"Quality and Safety Education for Nurses Project.. *^ "Infusing Quality and Safety Education for Nurses into Your Curriculum: A ... Personal lifeEdit. Durham met her husband Stephen McCoy Durham while in college and they married in 1976. They share an ... Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; October 2016. AHRQ Publication No. 16(17)-0043" (PDF).. CS1 maint: ... Durham has been a member of the RWJFs Quality and Safety Education for Nurses (QSEN) project since 2005, when she developed ...
The burden of Cushing's disease (CD): clinical and health-related quality of life aspects (RA Feelders, SJ Pulgar, A Kempel, ...
Life after release[edit]. Detainees who are released from re-education through labor camps may still be unable to travel or see ... low-quality food, and poor or absent medical care.[26] Detainees in camps are required to work for little or no pay;[52] while ... Institutions similar to re-education through labor facilities, but called "new life schools" or "loafers' camps", existed in ...
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.. *^ a b c Jiang HJ, Barrett ML, Sheng M (November 2014). " ... Similarly, if a child lives with someone other than a parent, he may still be eligible based on its individual status.[74] ... Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.. *^ Adler PW (December 2011). "Is it lawful to use Medicaid to pay ... Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.. *^ The Long-Term Outlook for Health Care Spending. Figure 2. ...
Human way of life[edit]. An artist's rendering of a temporary wood house, based on evidence found at Terra Amata (in Nice, ... R. Dale Guthrie[78] has studied not only the most artistic and publicized paintings, but also a variety of lower-quality art ... Nearly all of our knowledge of Paleolithic human culture and way of life comes from archaeology and ethnographic comparisons to ... They decorated themselves with beads and collected exotic stones for aesthetic, rather than utilitarian qualities.[71] ...
Because the production of high-quality semiconductor materials was still decades away, Lilienfeld's solid-state amplifier ideas ... "groundbreaking invention that transformed life and culture around the world".[62] Its importance in today's society rests on ...
In addition, the quality of life of FM patients who consumed cannabis was compared with FM subjects who were not cannabis users ... the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and the Short Form 36 Health Survey (SF-36). Results Twenty-eight FM patients who ... Quality of life Is the Subject Area "Quality of life" applicable to this article? Yes. No. ... Discover a faster, simpler path to publishing in a high-quality journal. PLOS ONE promises fair, rigorous peer review, broad ...
Quality of life indicators is a Eurostat online publication providing recent statistics on the quality of life in the European ... Measuring quality of life 1. Material living conditions. 2. Productive or main activity. 3. Health. 4. Education. 5. Leisure ... For each quality of life dimension a set of selected relevant statistical indicators is presented and analysed. Trends over ... 1 dimensions which can be measured statistically to represent the different complementary aspects of quality of life, ...
The Physical Quality of Life Index (PQLI) is an attempt to measure the quality of life or well-being of a country. The value is ... 4) Physical Quality of Life =. (Literacy Rate + INDEXED Infant Mortality Rate + INDEXED Life Expectancy ... 3) Find the Life Expectancy. INDEXED Life Expectancy = (Life expectancy - 42) × 2.7 ... Morris, MD (1980). "The Physical Quality of Life Index (PQLI)". Development digest. 18 (1): 95-109. PMID 12261723.. ...
Community Quality-of-Life and Well-Being: www.springer.com/series/13761 for more information.The Community Quality-of-Life ... The focus is typically subjective indicators of quality of life such as community residents satisfaction with life overall, ... The Community Quality-of-Life Indicators: Best Cases book series is a collection of books, each containing a set of chapters ... For ongoing publications, please see Community Quality-of-Life and Well-Being: www.springer.com/series/13761 for more ...
Measurement of Quality of Life VI. Quality-Adjusted Life Years (QALY) is an Unfortunate Use of the Quality-of-Life Concept, ... Quality of Life Theory II. Quality of Life as the Realization of Life Potential: A Biological Theory of Human Being, Soren ... Quality of Life Philosophy I. Quality of Life, Happiness, and Meaning in Life, Søren Ventegodt, Niels Jørgen Andersen, and Joav ... Quality of Life as Medicine. II. A Pilot Study of a Five-Day �Quality of Life and Health� Cure for Patients with Alcoholism, ...
quality-of-life. Making a career through life-long learning. Companies that want to attract and retain committed and motivated ... quality-of-life. Every age counts. Prof. Dr. Ursula M. Staudinger from Columbia University, New York, about life-long learning ... quality-of-life. Energy every step of the way. With the adidas BoostTM running shoe, the impact energy of jogging is no longer ... quality-of-life. 3D in real time. The XperYenZ™ sensor system is the first that, in real time, can measure the distance to an ...
... accumulation of fat in the tissues of farmed fish and the dependency of the aquaculture industry on fish oils for high-quality ...
Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is an individuals or a groups perceived physical and mental health over time. ... Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is an individuals or a groups perceived physical and mental health over time. ... On this site, find general information about health-related quality of life, such as HRQOL surveillance and its role in public ... Health-Related Quality of Life Measures. * Measurement Properties ...
"Quality of Life: How Good is Life for You?". University of Toronto Quality of Life Research Unit. Retrieved 14 October 2009. " ... Hecht and Shiel measure quality of life as "the patients ability to enjoy normal life activities" since life quality is ... at Wikiversity Ethical Markets Quality of Life Indicators The First European Quality of Life Survey 2003 Quality of Life in a ... Researchers at the University of Torontos Quality of Life Research Unit define quality of life as "The degree to which a ...
The Life Quality Index combines two primary social indicators: the expectancy of healthy life at birth, E, and the real gross ... doi:10.1016/S0951-8320(02)00051-0. Lind, N.C. (2007). "Turning Life into Life Expectancy: The Efficiency of Life-Saving ... then the gains in life expectancy will be sufficiently large that there is a net increase in the Life Quality Index (LQI). In ... the duration of life in good health and the time available to enjoy life. The amount of life available to enjoy wealth acts as ...
Check out just released Quality of Life Pics, Images, Clips, Trailers, Production Photos and more from Rotten Tomatoes ... Home , Billions , Season 1 , Quality of Life , Pictures Quality of Life Photos. ... Quality of Life Pictures and Photo Gallery -- ...
... Study Shows People With Bunions Report Poorer Mental and Physical Functioning ... also had the poorest scores on measures of life quality, like social and physical functioning. ... indicate that hallux valgus is a significant and disabling musculoskeletal condition that affects overall quality of life," ... people with severe bunions may report less satisfaction with their lives because they have trouble finding shoes they like to ...
... international research on the quality of urban life. It emphasizes the contributions of the urban environment to the overall ... Approaches to the Study of Quality of Life and Quality of Urban Life. * Front Matter Pages 31-31 ... The Quality of Life in Dhaka, Bangladesh: Neighborhood Quality as a Major Component of Residential Satisfaction ... Innovations in Modeling Quality of Urban Life Data. * Front Matter Pages 345-345 ...
Duffy JP, Kao K, Ko CY, Farmer DG et al (2010) Long-term patient outcome and quality of life after liver transplantation. Ann ... Riano-Galan I, Malaga S, Rjmil L et al (2009) Quality of life of adolescents with end-stage renal disease and kidney transplant ... Health-related quality of life Psychosocial functioning Growth Developmental outcomes School performance ... Lanuza DM, Lefaiver CA, McCabe M et al (2000) Prospective study of functional status and quality of life before and after lung ...
Associations of Health-Related Quality of Life with Overall Quality of Life in the Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement ... A Comparison of Perceptions of Quality of Life Among Adults with Spinal Cord Injury in the United States Versus the United ... Preferences of Adults with Spinal Cord Injury for Widely Used Health-Related Quality of Life and Subjective Well-Being Measures ... This article describes preferences for survey instruments on health-related quality of life and subjective well-being among ...
... The Trish Greene Quality of Life Award is presented annually to recognize an outstanding ... Have a history of funded research on quality of life issues that improve the quality of life of cancer patients and their ... CEO Gary Reedy, 2018 Trish Greene Quality of Life award recipient Dr. Michael Andrykowski, ACS Honorary Life Member Marion ... CEO Gary Reedy, 2018 Trish Greene Quality of Life award recipient Dr. Michael Andrykowski, ACS Honorary Life Member Marion ...
Provider: Quality Life Centre Ltd Also known as Quality Life Medical Centre ... We are carrying out a review of quality at Quality Life Medical Centre. We will publish a report when our review is complete. ... Quality Life Medical Centre The provider of this service changed - see old profile ... You can find out more about our information and the quality of care on the pages below.. *About providers ...
Read about ways to improve the quality of your life during and after cancer treatment. ... Quality of Life at Cancer : Living with cancer can be challenging. ... Quality of Life at End-of-Life A quality end-of-life is important to anyone. And as much as we try to lower the risks for ... Read about ways to improve the quality of your life during and after cancer treatment. Good Mental Health - Fear Not Having a ...
This section contains information about numerous issues that have an impact on our quality of life as we age. Articles contain ... Quality of Life Newsletter Content This first newsletter article provides an overview of the content planned for the Quality of ... Read about how volunteering can add to our quality of life!. Ways to "Lighten Up" Most of us have too much "stuff" and find it ... There are many tech tools that would be useful to us as we age and enhance our quality of life. The key is to go slowly but go! ...
Growing attention has been given to the quality of life in several fields of medicine. The concept of quality of life is not ... Glaucoma Quality of Life. Antonio Maria Fea,1 Fritz Hengerer,2 Carlo Lavia,1 and Leon Au3 ... We decided to dedicate this special issue to QoL with the aim to shed light on the quality of life of glaucoma patients and ... Since the first studies on quality of life in glaucoma, several areas of interest have been identified and explored: (1) ...
Quality of Life conference thats coming up on May 5th. The conference will bring together three hundred leaders from a broad ... about the impact of quality of life on employee performance, the most interested findings from the Sodexo International ... What impact does an employees quality of life have on their performance? How can companies create a better quality of life for ... 2/3 of the leaders we spoke to say they place a high level of importance on improving quality of life in their organization, ...
"I really care about quality of life, not quantity of life." The question then becomes: when does quality of life begin to ... I dont want to just record the number of years, I want to have a high quality of life. But, in the end, the average lifespan ... That doesnt seem to be a wonderful life.. So I think we need a much more accurate view of what it is to live a long life into ... Advances in science and public health are increasing longevity and enhancing the quality of life for people around the world. ...
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more ...
How can huge populations be fed healthily, equitably and affordably while maintaining the ecosystems on which life depends? The ...
MetroFocus is made possible by James and Merryl Tisch, Sue and Edgar Wachenheim III, the Sylvia A. and Simon B. Poyta Programming Endowment to Fight Anti-Semitism, Bernard and Irene Schwartz, Rosalind P. Walter, Barbara Hope Zuckerberg, Jody and John Arnhold, the Cheryl and Philip Milstein Family, Janet Prindle Seidler, Judy and Josh Weston and the Dr. Robert C. and Tina Sohn Foundation.. ...
Louise Brown was the first person born through IVF (in-vitro fertilisation). Brown was the keynote speaker on Tuesday (28 March) at the launch event for the European Policy Audit on Fertility ...
How to improve your quality of life by releasing equity from your property ... To see if releasing equity could help you to fund healthcare costs in later life, use our free equity release calculator and ... We urge you to turn off your ad blocker for The Telegraph website so that you can continue to access our quality content in the ... A lifetime mortgage unlocks equity from your home and converts it into a tax-free cash lump sum to fund your later life needs, ...
... Although a number of studies have been made to determine the health ... Measuring healthy days: population assessment of health-related quality of life. Atlanta, Georgia: US Department of Health and ... mental and physical health and their overall quality of life (3). The findings in this report reflect the impact of lower ... groups with poor HRQOL might help adults in Puerto Rico to increase their quality and years of healthy life and eliminate ...
... www.wisebread.com/quality-of-life,Quality of Life,/a,,/span, ,/div, ,/li, ,li class=views-row views-row-5 views-row-odd views ... In short - no quality of life. ,/p, ,p class=MsoPlainText,Joes mind began to wander back to the life of his family, still in ... when he shared his life story with me, I realized that the battle for quality of life exists absolutely everywhere. ,/p, ,p ... Poor Quality of Life,/h2, ,p,Debt can keep you from getting an education. It can keep you in an unhealthy relationship. It can ...
  • Dopamine improves quality of life each time it is released in the brain," says Dr Vellone. (eurekalert.org)
  • In 2018, EPA corrected a minor typesetting error in the EPA Aquatic Life Ambient Water Quality Criteria for Ammonia (2013) document, EPA corrected the error and has republished the document below. (epa.gov)
  • The value is the average of three statistics: basic literacy rate, infant mortality, and life expectancy at age one, all equally weighted on a 0 to 100 scale. (wikipedia.org)
  • It has also been criticized because there is considerable overlap between infant mortality and life expectancy. (wikipedia.org)
  • 3) Find the Life Expectancy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Perhaps the most commonly used international measure of development is the Human Development Index (HDI), which combines measures of life expectancy, education, and standard of living, in an attempt to quantify the options available to individuals within a given society. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Life Quality Index combines two primary social indicators: the expectancy of healthy life at birth, E, and the real gross domestic product per person, G, corrected for purchasing power parity as appropriate. (wikipedia.org)
  • The mathematical expression for the Life-Quality Index L is: Showing the LQI, L as a power function of E, the health-adjusted life expectancy (HALE) at birth and G, the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per person. (wikipedia.org)
  • Suppose a portion of GDP, dG, is invested in implementing a program that affects public risk, thus modifying the life expectancy by a small amount dE. (wikipedia.org)
  • The safety benefit is the gain in health-adjusted life expectancy HALE, or life extension expected upon implementation of the program. (wikipedia.org)
  • Healthy Vitality Age, an extension of the updated Vitality Age Calculator, uses the Health Adjusted Life Expectancy to account for both mortality and morbidity while adjusting the life expectancy by the amount of time lived in suboptimal health. (rand.org)
  • The Vitality Age with pre-existing conditions (VAPC) is an extension to VA.3, allowing explicit differentiation between individuals with one or more selected pre-existing conditions that negatively affect their health and life expectancy. (rand.org)
  • Another study found that exercise improved muscle health and positively impacted life expectancy . (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Factors such as life expectancy , the inflation rate, or number of paid vacation days people receive each year are also included. (investopedia.com)
  • Leisure time and life expectancy have also increased, while annual hours worked has decreased. (investopedia.com)
  • It considers life expectancy at birth, adult literacy rates and per capita GDP to measure a country's level of development. (investopedia.com)
  • The most important thing is to make sure a person's end of life is the way they want it. (bellaonline.com)
  • Some of the factors that can affect a person's quality of life can include conditions in the workplace, healthcare, education and material living conditions. (investopedia.com)
  • The replicated study indicated that financial resources along with health and meaning in life directly and positively influenced a person's quality of life and health. (psychcentral.com)
  • To fully understand what predicts a person's quality of life, further explorations of the influence of spirituality, emotionally close ties and opportunities for active engagement on quality of life in older age are warranted. (psychcentral.com)
  • After a person died, the researchers asked the caregiver to rate the person's quality of life in the last week of life. (breastcancer.org)
  • The Trish Greene Quality of Life Award is presented annually to recognize an outstanding investigator in the field of quality of life research and recognizes the importance of the significant contributions of researchers who have devoted a significant portion of their careers to the various areas of quality of life, and have accomplished outstanding research that benefits cancer patients and their families. (cancer.org)
  • The Trish Greene Quality of Life Award honors Dr. Greene's memory and recognizes the importance of those who have devoted a significant portion of their careers to the various areas of quality of life and have accomplished outstanding research that benefits cancer patients and their families. (cancer.org)
  • Have a history of funded research on quality of life issues that improve the quality of life of cancer patients and their families. (cancer.org)
  • SAN DIEGO - Patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) who exercise consistently have better health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and a slower decline in HRQoL than patients who do not exercise. (medscape.com)
  • So as part of the NPF Quality Improvement Initiative Dataset, they asked patients whether they exercised at least 2.5 hours/week, with "exercise" being defined by the patient. (medscape.com)
  • As previous research has stated, emotional support, companionship and intimacy have been found to have a moderate to strong positive effect upon quality of life and even enhance quality of life over time among cancer patients. (psychcentral.com)
  • The American Cancer Society Lane Adams Quality of Life Award is presented to those unique caregivers who lead in their areas of expertise and make a significant impact on patients, families and communities. (cancer.org)
  • Nominees for the Lane Adams Quality of Life award can include physicians, nurse practitioners, RNs, social workers, chaplains, technologists and volunteers who provide direct care, counsel, and/or service to cancer patients and their families. (cancer.org)
  • The award recognizes those who are providing care and support which impacts the quality of life for cancer patients and their families. (cancer.org)
  • Knowing how a condition impacts a patients' quality of life is essential and a helpful guide in making treatment choices," explained corresponding author Neelam Vashi, MD, assistant professor of dermatology at BUSM and director of the Boston University Cosmetic and Laser Center at Boston Medical Center. (eurekalert.org)
  • Measuring health related quality of life is also important in patients when it comes to allocation of resources. (eurekalert.org)
  • Patients contemplating hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT), like any other major medical intervention, often question what the quality of their lives will be following the procedure. (uptodate.com)
  • See 'Evaluation of health-related quality of life (HRQL) in patients with a serious life-threatening illness' . (uptodate.com)
  • In a study, researchers have found that cardiac rehabilitation programs reduce the risk of death in patients with heart disease and improve their quality of life. (medindia.net)
  • Our goal is to develop strategies for patients to reduce or eliminate their risk of coronary artery disease, prevent or minimize hospitalization, decrease mortality and improve quality of life," says Dr. Chessex, noting that patients can prolong their life and reduce their risk of having a second heart attack, or needing a second heart surgery. (medindia.net)
  • The WSMA remains committed to providing support for medical interventions that foster quality end of life care without providing a means for patients to hasten their own death. (wsma.org)
  • Quality of life in patients with maxillectomy prostheses. (nih.gov)
  • The potential clinical impact of these results is significant and will allow clinicians to counsel patients effectively in regard to the potential health-related quality-of-life outcomes associated with active surveillance," Porter said. (medicinenet.com)
  • Identifying strategies to improve stroke recovery and patients' quality of life represent a priority for the health care system and art exposure seems to be promising. (eurekalert.org)
  • Quality of life was compared for patients interested in art (105) and patients not interested in art (87). (eurekalert.org)
  • This is important because it means that patients belonging to the 'art' group had a better quality of life independently from the gravity of stroke. (eurekalert.org)
  • Therapy to ease stress, fatigue and other quality of life issues significantly improves patients' sense of well-being during cancer treatment, new Mayo Clinic research shows. (redorbit.com)
  • Patients who kept to their standard routines showed a decline in quality of life measures, the study found. (redorbit.com)
  • But other factors - including stress, fatigue, pain, and spiritual uncertainty - can severely diminish patients' quality of life during and after treatment, says the study's lead author, psychologist Matthew M. Clark, Ph.D., of the Mayo Clinic Department of Psychiatry and Psychology. (redorbit.com)
  • Many studies have tested strategies to improve patients' experience, but most approaches have focused on only one quality of life issue at a time and typically after cancer treatment, he says. (redorbit.com)
  • Family members caring for cancer patients also often experience a lower quality of life, and the study included them. (redorbit.com)
  • While the study showed that the intervention can improve quality of life for cancer patients, Dr. Clark says there were two surprising results. (redorbit.com)
  • In addition, in a follow-up questionnaire conducted six months after treatment, the patients who took part in the program showed a lack of improvement in quality-of-life measures over time. (redorbit.com)
  • Newswise - MAYWOOD, IL - Although surgery can prolong the lives of patients with an aggressive type of cancer called malignant pleural mesothelioma, many patients avoid the operation for fear it will degrade their quality of life. (newswise.com)
  • But a study led by a Loyola Medicine thoracic surgeon has found just the opposite: Patients who underwent an operation called pleurectomy and decortication (PD) generally reported their quality of life improved after surgery. (newswise.com)
  • Dr. Vigneswaran and colleagues administered a cancer quality-of-life survey known as the EORTC QLQ-C30 to 114 mesothelioma patients who underwent PD surgery. (newswise.com)
  • Improved quality of life was observed in the first month after surgery and was maintained at late follow-up in all patients. (newswise.com)
  • The study is titled "Quality of Life in Patients Undergoing Pleurectomy and Decortication for Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma. (newswise.com)
  • The World Health Organisation defines palliative care as "an approach that improves the quality of life of patients and their families facing the problems associated with life-threatening illness, through the prevention and relief of suffering, by means of early identification and impeccable assessment and treatment of pain and other problems, physical, psychosocial and spiritual. (afr.com)
  • Abstract AIM AND OBJECTIVES: The aims were to study health-related quality of life, anxiety and depression in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and their next of kin and to compare these results with a subset of the general Swedish population. (gu.se)
  • Comparison between patients, next of kin and the general population are needed to get a wider understanding of their quality of life, anxiety and depression. (gu.se)
  • Quality of life indicators is a Eurostat online publication providing recent statistics on the quality of life in the European Union (EU) . (europa.eu)
  • For each quality of life dimension a set of selected relevant statistical indicators is presented and analysed. (europa.eu)
  • The Community Quality-of-Life Indicators: Best Cases book series is a collection of books, each containing a set of chapters related to best practices of community quality-of-life indicators projects. (springer.com)
  • These projects typically involve data collection from secondary sources capturing quality-of-life indicators (i.e., objective indicators capturing varied dimensions of economic, social, and environmental well-being of the targeted communities). (springer.com)
  • Have demonstrated leadership and contributions to the science of cancer oncology quality of life research, including publications in peer-reviewed literature, citations in literature in own discipline, mentoring and teaching of students and professionals, national and international awards and speaking engagements, a history of advocating for QOL indicators in standards of care and innovative research, building on own or other's research which contributes to best practices in cancer quality of life. (cancer.org)
  • However, the commonly used indicators of economic success such as per capita income are at best crude measures of the quality of life. (worldcat.org)
  • This group will also provide technical assistance to the Rhode Island Department of Health as it develops and implements quality-of-care indicators for hospitals, nursing homes and home health agencies statewide. (brown.edu)
  • Quality of life can simply mean happiness, the subjective state of mind. (wikipedia.org)
  • It covers research designs that are based on both the analysis and modeling of aggregate secondary data and on the collection, analysis and modeling of primary survey data on subjective urban quality of life. (springer.com)
  • Quality of life , on the other hand, is a subjective term that can measure happiness. (investopedia.com)
  • Quality of life is a subjective term that can measure happiness. (investopedia.com)
  • Quality of life is a more subjective and intangible term than standard of living. (investopedia.com)
  • Quality of life is subjective, and difficult to measure. (usatoday.com)
  • For more than 100 years, the advertisement pages of Country Life have reflected the state of health of Britain?s elite country-property market. (countrylife.co.uk)
  • The Physical Quality of Life Index (PQLI) is an attempt to measure the quality of life or well-being of a country. (wikipedia.org)
  • Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is an individual's or a group's perceived physical and mental health over time. (cdc.gov)
  • And those with the most severely deformed big toes, a condition known as hallux valgus, also had the poorest scores on measures of life quality, like social and physical functioning. (webmd.com)
  • Physical growth, developmental and psychosocial functioning, and health-related quality of life are all measures of long-term outcome that are becoming increasingly important in order to make the longer patient survival more meaningful and normal. (springer.com)
  • More prospective long-term studies need to be done to identify unknown factors that contribute to poor longitudinal growth, delayed physical and emotional development, and decreased health-related quality of life. (springer.com)
  • At the same time, the participants who had engaged in individual workouts appeared to have put more effort into their physical activity plan but gained much less from the experience, with no significant improvement of stress levels and little improvement of their overall quality of life. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Furthermore, emotional support and the physical environment indirectly affect quality of life through an older adult's sense of purpose in life. (psychcentral.com)
  • Viktor Frankl , MD, PhD, author of Man's Search for Meaning , was a pioneer in the field of positive psychology and championed the modality of Logotherapy which has at its core, the importance of discovering meaning in life, particularly in the face of trauma. (psychcentral.com)
  • With this subscription you will receive unlimited access to high quality, online, on-demand premium content from well-respected faculty in the legal industry. (law.com)
  • Each attorney is granted unlimited access to high quality, on-demand premium content from well-respected faculty in the legal industry along with administrative access to easily manage CLE for the entire team. (law.com)
  • We urge you to turn off your ad blocker for The Telegraph website so that you can continue to access our quality content in the future. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • There is a strong need for a systematic exploration of the content, reach, and relevance of the concept of the quality of life, and ways of making it concrete and usable. (worldcat.org)
  • The idea of the quality of life is central to economic and social assessment and also to public policy, social legislation, and community programmes. (worldcat.org)
  • The essays include examination of recent attempts to replace incomes and utilities by the concept of capability and also exploration of the classic Aristotelian accounts of human flourishing, which provide insights into capability-based assessment of the quality of life. (worldcat.org)
  • Quality of life assessment: a tale of two uses. (rti.org)
  • WHOQOL group, The World Health Organization Quality of Life Assessment, Social science & Medicine 41.10: 1403-9, 1996 GOAL Understand factors influencing expected and experienced QoL, with emphasis on use of technologies contributing (or not) to individual's QoL. (slideshare.net)
  • Risks influence the LQI via the age- and sex-specific mortality, calculated by changes in an actuarial life table. (wikipedia.org)
  • Air Quality and Early-Life Mortality: Evidence from Indonesia’s Wildfires, " Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 44(4). (nber.org)
  • Researchers at the pioneering start up Xeros in the United Kingdom have developed a revolutionary solution addressing saving potential as well as quality improvements in laundry. (basf.com)
  • Researchers have begun in recent times to distinguish two aspects of personal well-being: Emotional well-being, in which respondents are asked about the quality of their everyday emotional experiences-the frequency and intensity of their experiences of, for example, joy, stress, sadness, anger, and affection- and life evaluation, in which respondents are asked to think about their life in general and evaluate it against a scale. (wikipedia.org)
  • Previous studies have shown that bunions may affect gait, balance, and increase risk of falls in older people, but researchers speculate that along with these issues, people with severe bunions may report less satisfaction with their lives because they have trouble finding shoes they like to wear. (webmd.com)
  • Drawing on collaborative research with a broad group of researchers in a variety of settings around the world, the book incorporates theoretical and methodological approaches to the conceptualizing and measuring of quality of life. (springer.com)
  • The researchers noted that the participants who had joined group workouts exhibited over 26 percent lower stress levels and reported an improved quality of life at the end of the program. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • In a study published Thursday in the New England Journal of Medicine, researchers asked 226 subjects over the age of 60 with life-threatening ailments about their preferences for treatment. (courant.com)
  • Researchers at Iowa State University, led by Elizabeth Stegemöller, set out to investigate whether group singing could help relieve some of the voice symptoms of Parkinson's disease and, at the same time, increase quality of life and whole health measures. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • SpringerBriefs in Well-Being and Quality-of-Life Research will be of interest to a wide range of individuals with interest in quality of life studies, including sociologists, psychologists, economists, philosophers, health researchers, as well as practitioners across the social sciences. (springer.com)
  • Researchers compared change in health-related quality of life and symptom severity from baseline to the end of treatment using the validated Uterine Fibroid Symptom Health-Related Quality of Life questionnaire, which is widely used to assess fibroid-related quality of life. (medscape.com)
  • After analysis of 321 adults with hyperpigmentation disorders using both scales the researchers found that DLQI and SDIEQ were similarly effective in measuring quality of life, however SDIEQ was simpler to use and less time consuming. (eurekalert.org)
  • Researchers found the program did not improve quality of life for caregivers during the treatment time period. (redorbit.com)
  • At the beginning of the study, the researchers asked the people in the study about their quality of life as well as their level of well-being, both physically and psychologically. (breastcancer.org)
  • The researchers said that it was likely the side effects of chemotherapy, including nausea, diarrhea, and fatigue, that decreased quality of life for the relatively healthy people. (breastcancer.org)
  • books.google.com - Shares perspectives of family members, researchers, and policy leaders from five countries on quality of life within families living with a person with an intellectual disability. (google.com)
  • 2/3 of the leaders we spoke to say they place a high level of importance on improving quality of life in their organization, and 86% have already implemented at least 3 initiatives to foster it. (forbes.com)
  • New research suggests that group workouts are more effective for improving quality of life and reducing stress levels than individual workouts. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • EPA bases aquatic life criteria on how much of a chemical can be present in surface water before it is likely to harm plant and animal life. (epa.gov)
  • EPA designs aquatic life criteria to protect both freshwater and saltwater organisms from short-term and long-term exposure. (epa.gov)
  • Our findings indicate that hallux valgus is a significant and disabling musculoskeletal condition that affects overall quality of life," says Hylton Menz, an associate professor at La Trobe University in Melbourne, Australia, in a news release. (webmd.com)
  • I spoke with Michel Landel, the Global CEO of Sodexo, about the impact of quality of life on employee performance, the most interested findings from the " Sodexo International Leaders " survey and the " Quality of Life " conference that's coming up on May 5th. (forbes.com)
  • The latest findings of the Country Life Elite Property Index (CLEPI), which tracks the progress of every property advertised in the magazine, reveals that, in the six-month period from January to June 2005, the volume of property advertising carried in the magazine fell by 6% in comparison with the same period of 2004 (Fig 2). (countrylife.co.uk)
  • Findings from the study show a vast improvement in quality of life after surgery. (medindia.net)
  • These results support the findings that good obturator function is associated with a better quality of life. (nih.gov)
  • Over three years of follow-up, there were no significant differences between the two groups in health-related quality of life, according to the findings published in the Journal of Urology . (medicinenet.com)
  • EPA has published a white paper to identify a state of the science on the toxicological effects of plastics and their associated chemicals on aquatic-dependent wildlife and aquatic life and identify opportunities for research to further our understanding of the potential toxic impacts of plastic ingestion throughout the food web. (epa.gov)
  • Leisure and the Quality of Life: Impacts on Social, Economic and Cultural Development. (usda.gov)
  • Over half of the Welsh population believe people with dementia have a bad quality of life. (itv.com)
  • Two industry leaders on dementia - Dr. Al Power and Daniella Greenwood, who were recently in Calgary speaking at a public event 'Dementia Re-imagined: Continuing the Conversation' - extended training sessions to United Active Living staff talking about the importance of integrated living and what society can do to enhance the residents' quality of life. (thestar.com)
  • McDonough says United Minds is an innovative program designed to provide a safe, nurturing environment where seniors with dementia and other cognitive challenges can enjoy a positive life experience. (thestar.com)
  • Life-limiting or life-threatening illnesses which may require palliative care include cancer, heart disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, dementia, frailty and many others. (afr.com)
  • Anthony SJ, Hebert D, Todd L et al (2010) Child and parental perspectives of multidimensional quality of life outcomes after kidney transplantation. (springer.com)
  • To our knowledge, this is the first report of health-related quality-of-life outcomes of men on active surveillance for prostate cancer compared to men without prostate cancer in a prospective, multi-institutional study," lead investigator Dr. Christopher Porter said in a journal news release. (medicinenet.com)
  • PCA chairman Professor Meera Agar says the misconception that palliative care starts when someone looks close to death means that many older Australians are not receiving the care they need to improve their quality of life, which in turn leads to poorer outcomes. (afr.com)
  • Measurement of Quality of Life VII. (hindawi.com)
  • According to ecological economist Robert Costanza: While Quality of Life (QOL) has long been an explicit or implicit policy goal, adequate definition and measurement have been elusive. (wikipedia.org)
  • T he best way of approaching quality of life measurement is to measure the extent to which people's 'happiness requirements' are met - ie those requirements which are a necessary (although not sufficient) condition of anyone's happiness - those 'without which no member of the human race can be happy. (gdrc.org)
  • One approach, called engaged theory, outlined in the journal of Applied Research in the Quality of Life, posits four domains in assessing quality of life: ecology, economics, politics and culture. (wikipedia.org)
  • Research has attempted to examine the relationship between quality of life and productivity. (wikipedia.org)
  • This volume synthesizes past and current, international research on the quality of urban life. (springer.com)
  • Nominees for the Trish Greene Quality of Life Award can include individuals whose research may be from any discipline in the oncology field, and the research may address quality of life concerns at any stage in the cancer continuum, from diagnosis through survivorship or palliative care. (cancer.org)
  • The investigator's body of work illustrates outstanding innovative contributions over the years, has had years of funding sources recognized nationally/internationally and a program of quality of life research built over his or her career. (cancer.org)
  • When you look at moving the needle on critical issues like image and reputation, productivity, financial performance - our research has shown that today's decision-makers perceive a direct link to quality of life. (forbes.com)
  • These symptoms are often the prime focus of research, but they are not the only life-changing difficulties that Parkinson's disease presents. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • A joint study from the University of Alberta and University of Victoria, recently published in Research in Nursing & Health , has uncovered that there are predictors of quality of life for older adults. (psychcentral.com)
  • SpringerBriefs in Well-Being and Quality-of-Life Research are concise summaries of cutting-edge research and practical applications across the field of well-being and quality of life research. (springer.com)
  • The scope of the series spans the entire field of Well-Being Research and Quality-of-Life Studies, with a view to significantly advance research. (springer.com)
  • Improvements in health-related quality of life, taken together with the significant improvements in amenorrhea , suggest that ulipristal is a promising, noninvasive treatment option for women suffering from symptomatic uterine leiomyomas," write Andrea Lukes, MD, of Carolina Women's Research and Wellness Center, Durham, North Carolina, and colleagues. (medscape.com)
  • New research published today, Thursday, 19 August, in a special issue of IOP Publishing's Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics shows that solid-state lighting (SSL), a new technology based on semiconductor light-emitting diodes (LEDs), has the potential to increase our consumption of light and therefore our quality of life. (redorbit.com)
  • Additional Reference/Citation for a latest scientific paper: Katarzyna Wac, Maddalena Fiordelli, Mattia Gustarini, Homero Rivas, Quality of Life Technologies: Experiences from the Field and Key Research Challenges, IEEE Internet Computing, Special Issue: Personalized Digital Health, July/August 2015. (slideshare.net)
  • Copenhagen, 16 March 2012: Stroke survivors who like art have a significantly higher quality of life than those who do not, according to new research. (eurekalert.org)
  • Home → Research News → Does End-Stage Chemotherapy Improve Quality of Life? (breastcancer.org)
  • Still, not much research has looked at whether palliative chemotherapy for end-stage disease actually does improve quality of life. (breastcancer.org)
  • No property has escaped the falling market, but the best properties have been sheltered by their intrinsic rarity and quality,' says Lucian Cook, director of Savills Research. (countrylife.co.uk)
  • On this site, find general information about health-related quality of life, such as HRQOL surveillance and its role in public health practice. (cdc.gov)
  • Alonso EM, Limbers CA, Neighbors K et al (2010) Cross-sectional analysis of health related quality of life in pediatric liver transplant recipients. (springer.com)
  • Fredricks EM, Magee JC, Opipari-Arrigan L et al (2008) Adherence and health related quality of life in adolescent liver transplant recipients. (springer.com)
  • Fredricks EM, Dore-Stites D, Calderon SY et al (2012) Relationship between sleep problems and health-related quality of life among pediatric liver transplant recipients. (springer.com)
  • The DoD's Health Related Behaviors Survey asks questions about health-related issues that can affect force readiness or the ability to meet the demands of military life. (rand.org)
  • Parents of the children filled out The Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL), a standardized measure of children's behavior, and the OSA-18, an 18-item health-related survey measuring quality of life. (medindia.net)
  • Before surgery, the health-related impact of sleep-disordered breathing on children's quality of life was small for 30 percent, moderate for 20 percent, and large for 45 percent. (medindia.net)
  • Discover a faster, simpler path to publishing in a high-quality journal. (plos.org)
  • Among the major problems encountered in intensive fish aquaculture, the accumulation of fat in the tissues of farmed fish and the dependency of the aquaculture industry on fish oils for high-quality feeds are issues of exceptional economic interest. (europa.eu)
  • We make sure health and social care services provide people with safe, effective, compassionate, high-quality care and we encourage them to improve. (cqc.org.uk)
  • Some of the speakers include Magic Johnson, Jeremy Rifkin, Mari Kiviniemi (OECD Deputy Secretary General), and Ricardo Semler (Semco S/A). Landel goes on to talk about some of the work Sodexo is doing internally to improve employee performance and how job seekers can find a company that offers a high quality of life. (forbes.com)
  • Overall, European cities continue to have high quality of living as a result of a combination of increased stability, rising living standards and advanced city infrastructures," said Slagin Parakatil, senior researcher at Mercer. (reuters.com)
  • Hydrologic alteration can affect aquatic species' ability to spawn, gather nutrients from the stream system, access high-quality habitat, and more. (epa.gov)
  • If I feel good, everything I do is high quality. (psychcentral.com)
  • A consumer task force will create and carry out educational programs, outreach and the publication and distribution of consumer guides to motivate the public to demand high-quality end-of-life care. (brown.edu)
  • A related dataset, QUALITY OF AMERICAN LIFE, 1978 (ICPSR 7762), continues the survey conducted in 1971. (umich.edu)
  • Rae Anne is on a mission to share how palliative care changed her and her family's life for the better. (getpalliativecare.org)
  • For people who were the sickest and had a lower quality of life when the study started, the caregiver rating of their last week of life was about the same whether or not the people had received palliative chemotherapy. (breastcancer.org)
  • For people who were in relatively good health and had better quality of life when the study started, more than half (56%) had worse quality of life in their final week of life after receiving palliative chemotherapy. (breastcancer.org)
  • To compare, 31% of people who had better quality of life when the study started who didn't receive palliative chemotherapy had worse quality of life in their final week of life. (breastcancer.org)
  • So palliative chemotherapy seemed to decrease quality of life for people who were in relatively good health at the beginning of the study. (breastcancer.org)
  • With most government-funded palliative care delivered in the last weeks of life, it is not surprising that most people think palliative care is limited to end-of-life care. (afr.com)
  • Palliative care also improves the quality of death. (afr.com)
  • Regardless of these factors, this measure plays an important part in the financial decisions in everyone's lives. (investopedia.com)
  • Your reason for wanting this time may be different from someone else's - after all, everyone's life goals or bucket list is different. (cancer.ca)
  • 1. Diverse Factors Influencing Individual's Sleep Quality and Quantity MSc project by Kimie Bodin Ryager GOAL Identify factors that positively or negatively affect sleep quality and quantify among healthy female IT managers in Denmark. (slideshare.net)
  • HRQoL was measured on the PD Questionnaire-39 (PDQ-39) at baseline and at 1- and 2-year visits, with a higher score indicating worse quality of life. (medscape.com)
  • A study suggests that few people benefit from end-of-life chemotherapy and many people have worse quality of life after receiving it. (breastcancer.org)
  • The three components of the Life Quality Index, G, E and K reflect three important human concerns: the creation of wealth, the duration of life in good health and the time available to enjoy life. (wikipedia.org)
  • Conversely, the amount of income one has to enjoy that available lifetime acts as a multiplier on the expected duration of life. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because they have time, and having beautiful things improves their quality of life. (wisebread.com)
  • As father time advances on baby boomers , determination of factors that influence quality of life for older adults becomes sine qua non. (psychcentral.com)
  • Quantity of life is the amount of time that you live. (cancer.ca)
  • Some people do not want to continue treatments for a long time, especially when the side effects stop them from enjoying life. (cancer.ca)
  • You may feel that after several different treatments, you would rather have some time to enjoy your life without being in treatment. (cancer.ca)
  • What quality of life means to you may change over time. (cancer.ca)
  • EPA responded in 2016 declining at this time to take the actions requested in a letter from the Center for Biological Diversity that the Agency develop new water quality criteria or additional guidance under CWA section 304(a) to address ocean acidification. (epa.gov)
  • When his symptoms first started I knew it was neurological and he was dying because neurologic illnesses do not "stop" I then went on a three year "bucket list" crusade trying to maximize the quality of his life (all the time without a diagnosis). (dailystrength.org)
  • A provider task force will run a "train the trainer" educational program to empower certified nursing assistants, the people who spend the most time with the dying, to provide the highest quality of care. (brown.edu)
  • Please keep me up to date with special offers and news from Country Life and other brands within the Time Inc. UK Group by email. (countrylife.co.uk)
  • For example, some of the country's poor, urban areas struggle with a lack of quality employment opportunities, short life expectancies and higher rates of disease and illness. (investopedia.com)
  • Several dermatology and disease-specific tools have been developed to measure the impact of skin disease including the widely used Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) and the non-validated Skin Discoloration Impact Evaluation Questionnaire (SDIEQ). (eurekalert.org)
  • THURSDAY, July 28, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Men with low-risk prostate cancer report a good quality of life after choosing active surveillance as a treatment for their disease, a new study finds. (medicinenet.com)
  • However, so inured were the men of the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries to the toll of disease, to the shortness of the span of urban human life, that they were unlikely to be moved by only a slight rise in the death rate, which, in any case, was not easily detectable in the short-run fluctuations produced by epidemics. (victorianweb.org)
  • It's very hard to make the transition from fighting the disease to beginning to think about how to prepare for the end of life. (breastcancer.org)
  • Extensive and accurate education about the disease process and advice from support groups may improve quality of life. (nih.gov)
  • What was the most interesting finding from your quality of life survey? (forbes.com)
  • For our Sixth Annual Quality of Life survey, we invited corporate counsel to tell us about life on the job, and their perceptions of their profession, three years after the Enron imbroglio first broke and corporate scandals started dominating the headlines. (law.com)
  • A survey, published today, reveals which universities offer students the best quality of life. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • VIENNA (Reuters) - Austria's capital offers its residents the best quality of life of any city in the world and Baghdad the worst, according to the latest global survey from consultant group Mercer. (reuters.com)
  • EPA and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) have released a report providing scientific and technical information related to protection of aquatic life from effects of hydrologic alteration. (epa.gov)
  • The purpose of this study was to survey Americans about perceived quality of life by measuring perceptions of their socio-psychological condition, their needs and expectations from life, and the degree to which those needs were satisfied. (umich.edu)
  • METHODS Online survey and a qualitative study (interviews) with 10 participants including sleep quality/quantity self-reports and auto-logging of sleep (smartphone logger and BASIS watch). (slideshare.net)
  • Unlike per capita GDP or standard of living, both of which can be measured in financial terms, it is harder to make objective or long-term measurements of the quality of life experienced by nations or other groups of people. (wikipedia.org)
  • Advances in science and public health are increasing longevity and enhancing the quality of life for people around the world. (forbes.com)
  • People need a purpose in life, a reason to do things. (wistv.com)
  • I am not saying that hobbies are the ultimate purpose for living, but I think that people should be happy and if they pursue hobbies that they enjoy, it can improve their lives and the lives of others. (wistv.com)
  • He is now adopting a seed-saving program and other inspirational initiatives so that more and more people can preserve the beautiful world we live in as well as our quality of life (in the food we eat, places we live, and company we keep). (wisebread.com)
  • The city caters to all kinds of people, all ages and all walks of life. (reuters.com)
  • Although difficult to define precisely, quality of life (QOL) has an inherent meaning to most people. (uptodate.com)
  • Some people feel they still have quality. (psychcentral.com)
  • This enables people who have difficult life circumstances to maintain a reasonable QOL. (gdrc.org)
  • Our hope is to develop strategies to help people maintain and then improve their quality of life throughout survivorship. (redorbit.com)
  • In many cases, people with end-stage metastatic cancer are offered chemotherapy to ease pain and improve their quality of life. (breastcancer.org)
  • So the end-of-life chemotherapy didn't seem to improve quality of life for these people. (breastcancer.org)
  • In the domain of culture, for example, it includes the following subdomains of quality of life: Belief and ideas Creativity and recreation Enquiry and learning Gender and generations Identity and engagement Memory and projection Well-being and health Also frequently related are concepts such as freedom, human rights, and happiness. (wikipedia.org)
  • It ranks 156 countries by their happiness levels, reflecting growing global interest in using happiness and substantial well-being as an indicator of the quality of human development. (wikipedia.org)
  • Its growing purpose has allowed governments, communities and organizations to use appropriate data to record happiness in order to enable policies to provide better lives. (wikipedia.org)
  • While life satisfaction increased marginally across the European Union between 2007 and 2011, happiness and optimism levels have fallen and perceived social exclusion has increased, indicating a decline in overall well-being in many European countries. (mynewsdesk.com)
  • Reference/Citation: Katarzyna Wac, Jenny-Margrethe Vej, Kimie Bodin Ryager, Quality of Life Technologies: From Fundamentals of Mobile Computing to Patterns of Sleep and Happiness (Poster), 5th EAI International Symposium on Pervasive Computing Paradigms for Mental Health (MindCare), Milan, Italy, September 2015. (slideshare.net)
  • From Fundamentals of Mobile Computing to Patterns of Sleep and Happiness 1,2 Katarzyna Wac, 1 Jenny-Margrethe Vej, 1 Kimie Bodin Ryager {wac, jvej, kiry}@di.ku.dk Abstract We all consciously (or not) strive to improve the Quality of Life (QoL) for ourselves and our loved ones. (slideshare.net)
  • Affordability, safety, job market strength, quality of education, infrastructure, average commute times, air quality, and the presence of cultural attractions are just a few examples of factors that can influence overall quality of life. (usatoday.com)
  • In addition, the study shows a tremendous improvement in behavior and quality of life after intervention. (medindia.net)
  • Your healthcare team can also find ways to help you cope with the quality of life issues that you are most worried about. (cancer.ca)
  • At 4-week intervals during the program, the participants responded to surveys, rating their perceived stress levels and overall quality of life. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The factors that affect the overall quality of life vary by people's lifestyles and their personal preferences. (investopedia.com)
  • Although there are various interventions designed to improve voice and breathing deficits, they do not tend to address overall quality of life, and, as symptoms progress, drop out rates of these therapies are often high. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • European cities enjoy a high overall quality of living compared to those in other regions," said Slagin Parakatil, senior researcher at Mercer. (shrm.org)
  • Read about ways to improve the quality of your life during and after cancer treatment. (bellaonline.com)
  • Cancer can interrupt life and relationships in ways we never thought anything could. (bellaonline.com)
  • Before having cancer, you may not have thought a lot about your quality of life versus your quantity of life. (cancer.ca)
  • Discover how 16 factors affect your cancer risk and how you can take action with our interactive tool - It's My Life! (cancer.ca)
  • This cross-sectional study sought to determine patient quality of life and function after prosthetic rehabilitation for maxillary and palate defects following cancer resection. (nih.gov)
  • Other questions focused on life as a whole and the extent to which respondents felt they had control over their lives (e.g., rating of various aspects of life, (dis)satisfaction with life, personal efficacy, and social desirability measures). (umich.edu)
  • They targeted this group because previous studies had shown that medical students face considerable stress and report a lower quality of life. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Factors such as political instability, high crime rates and elevated air pollution can lower quality of life, said Parakatil. (shrm.org)
  • The LQI has been used to determine an acceptable level of expenditure that can be justifiably incurred on behalf of the public interest in exchange for a small reduction in the risk of death that results in improved life-quality for all. (wikipedia.org)
  • Can you give a case study of a program at Sodexo that has helped improve the lives of your employees and the results from the program? (forbes.com)
  • Replication studies are rarely undertaken to further validate models of quality of life, yet the results are so important," said Dr. Gail Low, University of Alberta researcher. (psychcentral.com)
  • In addition, results show impact on quality of life significantly correlated with the total problem score, or the CBCL score. (medindia.net)
  • EPA has published final national recommended water quality criteria for the protection of aquatic life from the toxic effects of ammonia in freshwater. (epa.gov)
  • This report presents a literature review of natural flow and a description of the potential effects of flow alteration on aquatic life, as well as examples of water quality criteria that some states have developed to support natural flow and maintain healthy aquatic life. (epa.gov)
  • This section contains information about numerous issues that have an impact on our quality of life as we age. (bellaonline.com)
  • What impact does an employee's quality of life have on their performance? (forbes.com)
  • This goes to the heart of Sodexo's strategy since we were founded 50 years ago: we believe that improving employees' quality of life has a direct impact on their performance, and overall on the performance of the company. (forbes.com)
  • These can range from the material - well-monitored and maintained work environments, restaurant vouchers and healthy food options, gym memberships - to things that impact less tangible dimensions of quality of life. (forbes.com)
  • Not having car insurance can obviously negatively impact the quality of life of anyone who is dependent on a car for work. (wisebread.com)
  • Recent climate trends have included the change in frequency and duration of extreme weather events, such as droughts and floods, which can have an impact on flow and affect aquatic life. (epa.gov)
  • Boston)--Can having a skin condition impact the quality of your life? (eurekalert.org)
  • Still, there is a wide range of quantifiable factors that can impact quality of life in a given area. (usatoday.com)
  • Useful information and insights to help you through moments that can impact quality of life for you and your family - especially your senior loved ones. (comfortkeepers.com)
  • PQLI might be regarded as an improvement but shares the general problems of measuring quality of life in a quantitative way. (wikipedia.org)
  • A quality task force will conduct a statewide quality improvement program for 30 nursing homes to raise the awareness of health care providers about improving quality of care for the dying. (brown.edu)
  • For matters related to health care, the term QOL has been applied specifically to those life concerns that are most affected by health or illness. (uptodate.com)
  • When in treatment for a life challenging illness, we may focus so much on the symptoms, that we forget the simple pleasures of being able to enjoy a meal or take a walk in nature. (psychcentral.com)
  • PCA chief executive Rohan Greenland says the issue is even more pressing because Australia's ageing population means more Australians face chronic or life-limiting illness. (afr.com)
  • The publication presents a detailed analysis of 8+1 dimensions which can be measured statistically to represent the different complementary aspects of quality of life, complementing the indicator traditionally used as the measure of economic and social development, gross domestic product (GDP) . (europa.eu)
  • The health and social situation of the mother during pregnancy and global quality of life of the child as an adult. (hindawi.com)
  • The Life Quality Index (LQI) is a calibrated compound social indicator of human welfare that reflects the expected length of life in good health and enhancement of the quality of life through access to income. (wikipedia.org)
  • They too recognised the value of good quality housing, alongside community amenities, within an attractive environment. (rics.org)
  • These are the worst cities to live in based on quality of life 24/7 Wall St. created an index with measures in eight categories -- crime, economy, education, environment, health, housing, infrastructure, and leisure -- to identify the 50 worst cities to live in. (usatoday.com)