Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)
Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)
It is the study of social phenomena which characterize the learned, shared, and transmitted social activities of particular ethnic groups with focus on the causes, consequences, and complexities of human social and cultural variability.
A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.
The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
A method of data collection and a QUALITATIVE RESEARCH tool in which a small group of individuals are brought together and allowed to interact in a discussion of their opinions about topics, issues, or questions.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
A love or pursuit of wisdom. A search for the underlying causes and principles of reality. (Webster, 3d ed)
A social science dealing with group relationships, patterns of collective behavior, and social organization.
Research carried out by nurses, generally in clinical settings, in the areas of clinical practice, evaluation, nursing education, nursing administration, and methodology.
Those individuals engaged in research.
The moral obligations governing the conduct of research. Used for discussions of research ethics as a general topic.
Disciplines concerned with the interrelationships of individuals in a social environment including social organizations and institutions. Includes Sociology and Anthropology.
Published materials which provide an examination of recent or current literature. Review articles can cover a wide range of subject matter at various levels of completeness and comprehensiveness based on analyses of literature that may include research findings. The review may reflect the state of the art. It also includes reviews as a literary form.
Interaction between research personnel and research subjects.
The collection, writing, and editing of current interest material on topics related to biomedicine for presentation through the mass media, including newspapers, magazines, radio, or television, usually for a public audience such as health care consumers.
Professionals who plan, organize and direct health education programs for the individual, groups and the community.
Research carried out by nurses concerning techniques and methods to implement projects and to document information, including methods of interviewing patients, collecting data, and forming inferences. The concept includes exploration of methodological issues such as human subjectivity and human experience.
The philosophy or code pertaining to what is ideal in human character and conduct. Also, the field of study dealing with the principles of morality.
The study of laws, theories, and hypotheses through a systematic examination of pertinent facts and their interpretation in the field of dentistry. (From Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982, p674)
A quantitative measure of the frequency on average with which articles in a journal have been cited in a given period of time.
Copies of a work or document distributed to the public by sale, rental, lease, or lending. (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p181)
The sum total of nursing activities which includes assessment (identifying needs), intervention (ministering to needs), and evaluation (validating the effectiveness of the help given).
The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.
A course or method of action selected to guide and determine present and future decisions.
The state or quality of being kind, charitable, or beneficial. (from American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed). The ethical principle of BENEFICENCE requires producing net benefit over harm. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
Voluntary authorization, by a patient or research subject, with full comprehension of the risks involved, for diagnostic or investigative procedures, and for medical and surgical treatment.
Financial support of research activities.
Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.
The act, process, or an instance of narrating, i.e., telling a story. In the context of MEDICINE or ETHICS, narration includes relating the particular and the personal in the life story of an individual.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
"The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of references and citations to books, articles, publications, etc., generally on a single subject or specialized subject area. Databases can operate through automated files, libraries, or computer disks. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, FACTUAL which is used for collections of data and facts apart from bibliographic references to them.
Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.
A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.
The use of humans as investigational subjects.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
A collective expression for all behavior patterns acquired and socially transmitted through symbols. Culture includes customs, traditions, and language.
An enduring, learned predisposition to behave in a consistent way toward a given class of objects, or a persistent mental and/or neural state of readiness to react to a certain class of objects, not as they are but as they are conceived to be.
Field of medicine concerned with the determination of causes, incidence, and characteristic behavior of disease outbreaks affecting human populations. It includes the interrelationships of host, agent, and environment as related to the distribution and control of disease.
Individuals participating in the health care system for the purpose of receiving therapeutic, diagnostic, or preventive procedures.
The privacy of information and its protection against unauthorized disclosure.
The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.
Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. The concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.
Customer satisfaction or dissatisfaction with a benefit or service received.
Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.
Interactions between health personnel and patients.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Individuals responsible for the development of policy and supervision of the execution of plans and functional operations.
The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.
The interactions between physician and patient.
The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.
Studies in which a number of subjects are selected from all subjects in a defined population. Conclusions based on sample results may be attributed only to the population sampled.
The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.
The reciprocal interaction of two or more professional individuals.
The application of discoveries generated by laboratory research and preclinical studies to the development of clinical trials and studies in humans. A second area of translational research concerns enhancing the adoption of best practices.
Criteria and standards used for the determination of the appropriateness of the inclusion of patients with specific conditions in proposed treatment plans and the criteria used for the inclusion of subjects in various clinical trials and other research protocols.
A quantitative method of combining the results of independent studies (usually drawn from the published literature) and synthesizing summaries and conclusions which may be used to evaluate therapeutic effectiveness, plan new studies, etc., with application chiefly in the areas of research and medicine.
Men and women working in the provision of health services, whether as individual practitioners or employees of health institutions and programs, whether or not professionally trained, and whether or not subject to public regulation. (From A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)
Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.
Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.
A state of harmony between internal needs and external demands and the processes used in achieving this condition. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
Research into the cause, transmission, amelioration, elimination, or enhancement of inherited disorders and traits.
The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.
The exchange or transmission of ideas, attitudes, or beliefs between individuals or groups.
An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)
Those aspects or characteristics which identify a culture.
Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.
Persons who provide care to those who need supervision or assistance in illness or disability. They may provide the care in the home, in a hospital, or in an institution. Although caregivers include trained medical, nursing, and other health personnel, the concept also refers to parents, spouses, or other family members, friends, members of the clergy, teachers, social workers, fellow patients.
Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.
Design of patient care wherein institutional resources and personnel are organized around patients rather than around specialized departments. (From Hospitals 1993 Feb 5;67(3):14)
Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.
The process by which the nature and meaning of sensory stimuli are recognized and interpreted.
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
Application of statistical procedures to analyze specific observed or assumed facts from a particular study.
A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.
Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)
The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).
Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
Research carried out by nurses in the clinical setting and designed to provide information that will help improve patient care. Other professional staff may also participate in the research.
Organized activities related to the storage, location, search, and retrieval of information.
The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.
Those physicians who have completed the education requirements specified by the American Academy of Family Physicians.
The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.
Voluntary cooperation of the patient in following a prescribed regimen.
Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.
Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.
Organized services to provide mental health care.
The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.
The act of making a selection among two or more alternatives, usually after a period of deliberation.
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.
A person's view of himself.
The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.
The educational process of instructing.
Female parents, human or animal.
A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.
A medical specialty concerned with the provision of continuing, comprehensive primary health care for the entire family.
The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.
Collaborative process of research involving researchers and community representatives.
Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.
Research that involves the application of the behavioral and social sciences to the study of the actions or reactions of persons or animals in response to external or internal stimuli. (from American Heritage Dictionary, 4th ed)
Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.
Patterns of practice related to diagnosis and treatment as especially influenced by cost of the service requested and provided.
Country located in EUROPE. It is bordered by the NORTH SEA, BELGIUM, and GERMANY. Constituent areas are Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, formerly included in the NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.
Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.
Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Organizations representing specialized fields which are accepted as authoritative; may be non-governmental, university or an independent research organization, e.g., National Academy of Sciences, Brookings Institution, etc.
The study, based on direct observation, use of statistical records, interviews, or experimental methods, of actual practices or the actual impact of practices or policies.
Experimentation on, or using the organs or tissues from, a human or other mammalian conceptus during the prenatal stage of development that is characterized by rapid morphological changes and the differentiation of basic structures. In humans, this includes the period from the time of fertilization to the end of the eighth week after fertilization.
An operating division of the US Department of Health and Human Services. It is concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to health and medical research. Until 1995, it was an agency of the United States PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE.
The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)
Detailed account or statement or formal record of data resulting from empirical inquiry.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
Experimentation on STEM CELLS and on the use of stem cells.
Works about pre-planned studies of the safety, efficacy, or optimum dosage schedule (if appropriate) of one or more diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques selected according to predetermined criteria of eligibility and observed for predefined evidence of favorable and unfavorable effects. This concept includes clinical trials conducted both in the U.S. and in other countries.
A group of techniques developed to apply scientific methods and tools to solve the problems of DECISION MAKING in complex organizations and systems. Operations research searches for optimal solutions in situations of conflicting GOALS and makes use of mathematical models from which solutions for actual problems may be derived. (From Psychiatric Dictionary, 6th ed)
An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE established in 1990 to "provide indexing, abstracting, translating, publishing, and other services leading to a more effective and timely dissemination of information on research, demonstration projects, and evaluations with respect to health care to public and private entities and individuals engaged in the improvement of health care delivery..." It supersedes the National Center for Health Services Research. The United States Agency for Health Care Policy and Research was renamed Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) under the Healthcare Research and Quality Act of 1999.
The circulation or wide dispersal of information.
The use of statistical methods in the analysis of a body of literature to reveal the historical development of subject fields and patterns of authorship, publication, and use. Formerly called statistical bibliography. (from The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.
Facilities that collect, store, and distribute tissues, e.g., cell lines, microorganisms, blood, sperm, milk, breast tissue, for use by others. Other uses may include transplantation and comparison of diseased tissues in the identification of cancer.
The use of animals as investigational subjects.
Educational institutions providing facilities for teaching and research and authorized to grant academic degrees.
The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.
Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.
Human experimentation that is not intended to benefit the subjects on whom it is performed. Phase I drug studies (CLINICAL TRIALS, PHASE I AS TOPIC) and research involving healthy volunteers are examples of nontherapeutic human experimentation.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.

Ethnicity, bioethics, and prenatal diagnosis: the amniocentesis decisions of Mexican-origin women and their partners. (1/4025)

Bioethical standards and counseling techniques that regulate prenatal diagnosis in the United States were developed at a time when the principal constituency for fetal testing was a self-selected group of White, well-informed, middle-class women. The routine use of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) testing, which has become widespread since the mid-1980s, introduced new constituencies to prenatal diagnosis. These new constituencies include ethnic minority women, who, with the exception of women from certain Asian groups, refuse amniocentesis at significantly higher rates than others. This study examines the considerations taken into account by a group of Mexican-origin women who had screened positive for AFP and were deciding whether to undergo amniocentesis. We reviewed 379 charts and interviewed 147 women and 120 partners to test a number of factors that might explain why some women accept amniocentesis and some refuse. A woman's attitudes toward doctors, medicine, and prenatal care and her assessment of the risk and uncertainty associated with the procedure were found to be most significant. Case summaries demonstrate the indeterminacy of the decision-making process. We concluded that established bioethical principles and counseling techniques need to be more sensitive to the way ethnic minority clients make their amniocentesis choices.  (+info)

Would you like to know what is wrong with you? On telling the truth to patients with dementia. (2/4025)

OBJECTIVES: To discover what dementia sufferers feel is wrong with them; what they have been told and by whom, and what they wish to know about their illness. BACKGROUND: Ethical guidelines regarding telling truth appear to be equivocal. Declarations of cognitively intact subjects, attitudes of family members and current psychiatric practice all vary, but no previous research has been published concerning what patients with dementia would in fact like to know about their diagnosis and prognosis. DESIGN: Questionnaire study of the patients' opinions. SETTING: Old Age Psychiatry Service in Worcester. PARTICIPANTS: 30 consecutive patients with dementia. RESULTS: The quality of information received has been poor and many patients have no opportunity to discuss their illness with anybody. Despite that almost half of the participants in this study had adequate insight and a majority declared that they would like to know more about their predicament. CONCLUSIONS: Although many patients would like to know the truth, the rights of those who do not want to know should also be respected. Therefore the diagnosis of dementia should not be routinely disclosed but (just as in other disorders) health care professionals should seek to understand their patients' preferences and act appropriately according to their choice.  (+info)

Talking about cases in bioethics: the effect of an intensive course on health care professionals. (3/4025)

Educational efforts in bioethics are prevalent, but little is known about their efficacy. Although previous work indicates that courses in bioethics have a demonstrable effect on medical students, it has not examined their effect on health care professionals. In this report, we describe a study designed to investigate the effect of bioethics education on health care professionals. At the Intensive Bioethics Course, a six-day course held annually at Georgetown University, we administered a questionnaire requiring open-ended responses to vignettes both before and after the course. Following the course, respondents defended their responses more carefully and articulated their thoughts more clearly. In addition, after the course respondents seemed to have a more subtle understanding of the relevant issues in the cases and applied theory to these cases more frequently. These findings help to formulate an understanding of the effect of bioethics education on health care professionals.  (+info)

Priority setting for new technologies in medicine: qualitative case study. (4/4025)

OBJECTIVE: To describe priority setting for new technologies in medicine. DESIGN: Qualitative study using case studies and grounded theory. SETTING: Two committees advising on priorities for new technologies in cancer and cardiac care in Ontario, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: The two committees and their 26 members. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Accounts of priority setting decision making gathered by reviewing documents, interviewing members, and observing meetings. RESULTS: Six interrelated domains were identified for priority setting for new technologies in medicine: the institutions in which the decision are made, the people who make the decisions, the factors they consider, the reasons for the decisions, the process of decision making, and the appeals mechanism for challenging the decisions. CONCLUSION: These domains constitute a model of priority setting for new technologies in medicine. The next step will be to harmonise this description of how priority setting decisions are made with ethical accounts of how they should be made.  (+info)

Collusion in doctor-patient communication about imminent death: an ethnographic study. (5/4025)

OBJECTIVE: To discover and explore the factors that result in "false optimism about recovery" observed in patients with small cell lung cancer. DESIGN: A qualitative observational (ethnographic) study in two stages over four years. SETTING: Lung diseases ward and outpatient clinic in university hospital in the Netherlands. PARTICIPANTS: 35 patients with small cell lung cancer. RESULTS: "False optimism about recovery" usually developed during the (first) course of chemotherapy and was most prevalent when the cancer could no longer be seen in the x ray pictures. This optimism tended to vanish when the tumour recurred, but it could develop again, though to a lesser extent, during further courses of chemotherapy. Patients gradually found out the facts about their poor prognosis, partly because of physical deterioration and partly through contact with fellow patients who were in a more advanced stage of the illness and were dying. "False optimism about recovery" was the result an association between doctors' activism and patients' adherence to the treatment calendar and to the "recovery plot," which allowed them not to acknowledge explicitly what they should and could know. The doctor did and did not want to pronounce a "death sentence" and the patient did and did not want to hear it. CONCLUSION: Solutions to the problem of collusion between doctor and patient require an active, patient oriented approach from the doctor. Perhaps solutions have to be found outside the doctor-patient relationship itself - for example, by involving "treatment brokers."  (+info)

The potential for research-based information in public health: identifying unrecognised information needs. (6/4025)

OBJECTIVE: To explore whether there is a potential for greater use of research-based information in public health practice in a local setting. Secondly, if research-based information is relevant, to explore the extent to which this generates questioning behaviour. DESIGN: Qualitative study using focus group discussions, observation and interviews. SETTING: Public health practices in Norway. PARTICIPANTS: 52 public health practitioners. RESULTS: In general, the public health practitioners had a positive attitude towards research-based information, but believed that they had few cases requiring this type of information. They did say, however, that there might be a potential for greater use. During five focus groups and six observation days we identified 28 questions/cases where it would have been appropriate to seek out research evidence according to our definition. Three of the public health practitioners identified three of these 28 cases as questions for which research-based information could have been relevant. This gap is interpreted as representing unrecognised information needs. CONCLUSIONS: There is an unrealised potential in public health practice for more frequent and extensive use of research-based information. The practitioners did not appear to reflect on the need for scientific information when faced with new cases and few questions of this type were generated.  (+info)

Guidelines as rationing tools: a qualitative analysis of psychosocial patient selection criteria for cardiac procedures. (7/4025)

BACKGROUND: Cardiac procedure guidelines often include psychosocial criteria for selecting patients that potentially introduce social value judgements into clinical decisions and decisions about the rationing of care. The aim of this study was to investigate the terms and justifications for and the meanings of psychosocial patient characteristics used in cardiac procedure guidelines. METHODS: We selected English-language guidelines published since 1990 and chapters in textbooks published since 1989. These guidelines amalgamated multiple sources of evidence and expertise and made recommendations regarding patient selection for specific procedures. A multidisciplinary team of physicians and social scientists extracted passages regarding psychosocial criteria and developed categories and conceptual relationships to describe and interpret their content. RESULTS: Sixty-five papers met the criteria for inclusion in the study. Forty-five (69%) mentioned psychosocial criteria as procedure indications or contraindications. The latter fell into several categories, including behavioural and psychological issues, relationships with significant others, financial resources, social roles and environmental circumstances. INTERPRETATION: Psychosocial characteristics are portrayed as having 2 roles in patient selection: as risk factors intrinsic to the candidate or as indicators of need for special intervention. Guidelines typically simply list psychosocial contraindications without clarifying their specific nature or providing any justification for their use. Psychosocial considerations can help in the evaluation of patients for cardiac procedures, but they become ethically controversial when used to restrict access. The use of psychosocial indications and contraindications could be improved by more precise descriptions of the psychosocial problem at issue, explanations regarding why the criterion matters and justification of the characteristic using a biological rationale or research evidence.  (+info)

Collusion in doctor-patient communication about imminent death: an ethnographic study. (8/4025)

OBJECTIVE: To discover and explore the factors that result in the "false optimism about recovery" observed in patients with small cell lung cancer. DESIGN: A qualitative observational (ethnographic) study in 2 stages over 4 years. SETTING: Lung diseases ward and outpatient clinic in a university hospital in the Netherlands. PARTICIPANTS: 35 patients with small cell lung cancer. RESULTS: False optimism about recovery usually developed during the first course of chemotherapy and was most prevalent when the cancer could no longer be seen on x-ray films. This optimism tended to vanish when the tumor recurred, but it could develop again, though to a lesser extent, during further courses of chemotherapy. Patients gradually found out the facts about their poor prognosis, partly by their physical deterioration and partly through contact with fellow patients in a more advanced stage of the illness who were dying. False optimism about recovery was the result of an association between physicians' activism and patients' adherence to the treatment calendar and to the "recovery plot," which allowed them to avoid acknowledging explicitly what they should and could know. The physician did and did not want to pronounce a "death sentence," and the patient did and did not want to hear it. CONCLUSION: Solutions to the problem of collusion between physician and patient require an active, patient-oriented approach by the physician. Perhaps solutions have to be found outside the physician-patient relationship itself--for example, by involving "treatment brokers."  (+info)

HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) infection is a condition in which the body is infected with HIV, a type of retrovirus that attacks the body's immune system. HIV infection can lead to AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome), a condition in which the immune system is severely damaged and the body is unable to fight off infections and diseases.

There are several ways that HIV can be transmitted, including:

1. Sexual contact with an infected person
2. Sharing of needles or other drug paraphernalia with an infected person
3. Mother-to-child transmission during pregnancy, childbirth, or breastfeeding
4. Blood transfusions ( although this is rare in developed countries due to screening processes)
5. Organ transplantation (again, rare)

The symptoms of HIV infection can be mild at first and may not appear until several years after infection. These symptoms can include:

1. Fever
2. Fatigue
3. Swollen glands in the neck, armpits, and groin
4. Rash
5. Muscle aches and joint pain
6. Night sweats
7. Diarrhea
8. Weight loss

If left untreated, HIV infection can progress to AIDS, which is a life-threatening condition that can cause a wide range of symptoms, including:

1. Opportunistic infections (such as pneumocystis pneumonia)
2. Cancer (such as Kaposi's sarcoma)
3. Wasting syndrome
4. Neurological problems (such as dementia and seizures)

HIV infection is diagnosed through a combination of blood tests and physical examination. Treatment typically involves antiretroviral therapy (ART), which is a combination of medications that work together to suppress the virus and slow the progression of the disease.

Prevention methods for HIV infection include:

1. Safe sex practices, such as using condoms and dental dams
2. Avoiding sharing needles or other drug-injecting equipment
3. Avoiding mother-to-child transmission during pregnancy, childbirth, or breastfeeding
4. Post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP), which is a short-term treatment that can prevent infection after potential exposure to the virus
5. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), which is a daily medication that can prevent infection in people who are at high risk of being exposed to the virus.

It's important to note that HIV infection is manageable with proper treatment and care, and that people living with HIV can lead long and healthy lives. However, it's important to be aware of the risks and take steps to prevent transmission.

The burden of chronic diseases is significant, with over 70% of deaths worldwide attributed to them, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). In addition to the physical and emotional toll they take on individuals and their families, chronic diseases also pose a significant economic burden, accounting for a large proportion of healthcare expenditure.

In this article, we will explore the definition and impact of chronic diseases, as well as strategies for managing and living with them. We will also discuss the importance of early detection and prevention, as well as the role of healthcare providers in addressing the needs of individuals with chronic diseases.

What is a Chronic Disease?

A chronic disease is a condition that lasts for an extended period of time, often affecting daily life and activities. Unlike acute diseases, which have a specific beginning and end, chronic diseases are long-term and persistent. Examples of chronic diseases include:

1. Diabetes
2. Heart disease
3. Arthritis
4. Asthma
5. Cancer
6. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
7. Chronic kidney disease (CKD)
8. Hypertension
9. Osteoporosis
10. Stroke

Impact of Chronic Diseases

The burden of chronic diseases is significant, with over 70% of deaths worldwide attributed to them, according to the WHO. In addition to the physical and emotional toll they take on individuals and their families, chronic diseases also pose a significant economic burden, accounting for a large proportion of healthcare expenditure.

Chronic diseases can also have a significant impact on an individual's quality of life, limiting their ability to participate in activities they enjoy and affecting their relationships with family and friends. Moreover, the financial burden of chronic diseases can lead to poverty and reduce economic productivity, thus having a broader societal impact.

Addressing Chronic Diseases

Given the significant burden of chronic diseases, it is essential that we address them effectively. This requires a multi-faceted approach that includes:

1. Lifestyle modifications: Encouraging healthy behaviors such as regular physical activity, a balanced diet, and smoking cessation can help prevent and manage chronic diseases.
2. Early detection and diagnosis: Identifying risk factors and detecting diseases early can help prevent or delay their progression.
3. Medication management: Effective medication management is crucial for controlling symptoms and slowing disease progression.
4. Multi-disciplinary care: Collaboration between healthcare providers, patients, and families is essential for managing chronic diseases.
5. Health promotion and disease prevention: Educating individuals about the risks of chronic diseases and promoting healthy behaviors can help prevent their onset.
6. Addressing social determinants of health: Social determinants such as poverty, education, and employment can have a significant impact on health outcomes. Addressing these factors is essential for reducing health disparities and improving overall health.
7. Investing in healthcare infrastructure: Investing in healthcare infrastructure, technology, and research is necessary to improve disease detection, diagnosis, and treatment.
8. Encouraging policy change: Policy changes can help create supportive environments for healthy behaviors and reduce the burden of chronic diseases.
9. Increasing public awareness: Raising public awareness about the risks and consequences of chronic diseases can help individuals make informed decisions about their health.
10. Providing support for caregivers: Chronic diseases can have a significant impact on family members and caregivers, so providing them with support is essential for improving overall health outcomes.


Chronic diseases are a major public health burden that affect millions of people worldwide. Addressing these diseases requires a multi-faceted approach that includes lifestyle changes, addressing social determinants of health, investing in healthcare infrastructure, encouraging policy change, increasing public awareness, and providing support for caregivers. By taking a comprehensive approach to chronic disease prevention and management, we can improve the health and well-being of individuals and communities worldwide.

Neoplasm refers to an abnormal growth of cells that can be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). Neoplasms can occur in any part of the body and can affect various organs and tissues. The term "neoplasm" is often used interchangeably with "tumor," but while all tumors are neoplasms, not all neoplasms are tumors.

Types of Neoplasms

There are many different types of neoplasms, including:

1. Carcinomas: These are malignant tumors that arise in the epithelial cells lining organs and glands. Examples include breast cancer, lung cancer, and colon cancer.
2. Sarcomas: These are malignant tumors that arise in connective tissue, such as bone, cartilage, and fat. Examples include osteosarcoma (bone cancer) and soft tissue sarcoma.
3. Lymphomas: These are cancers of the immune system, specifically affecting the lymph nodes and other lymphoid tissues. Examples include Hodgkin lymphoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
4. Leukemias: These are cancers of the blood and bone marrow that affect the white blood cells. Examples include acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL).
5. Melanomas: These are malignant tumors that arise in the pigment-producing cells called melanocytes. Examples include skin melanoma and eye melanoma.

Causes and Risk Factors of Neoplasms

The exact causes of neoplasms are not fully understood, but there are several known risk factors that can increase the likelihood of developing a neoplasm. These include:

1. Genetic predisposition: Some people may be born with genetic mutations that increase their risk of developing certain types of neoplasms.
2. Environmental factors: Exposure to certain environmental toxins, such as radiation and certain chemicals, can increase the risk of developing a neoplasm.
3. Infection: Some neoplasms are caused by viruses or bacteria. For example, human papillomavirus (HPV) is a common cause of cervical cancer.
4. Lifestyle factors: Factors such as smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, and a poor diet can increase the risk of developing certain types of neoplasms.
5. Family history: A person's risk of developing a neoplasm may be higher if they have a family history of the condition.

Signs and Symptoms of Neoplasms

The signs and symptoms of neoplasms can vary depending on the type of cancer and where it is located in the body. Some common signs and symptoms include:

1. Unusual lumps or swelling
2. Pain
3. Fatigue
4. Weight loss
5. Change in bowel or bladder habits
6. Unexplained bleeding
7. Coughing up blood
8. Hoarseness or a persistent cough
9. Changes in appetite or digestion
10. Skin changes, such as a new mole or a change in the size or color of an existing mole.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Neoplasms

The diagnosis of a neoplasm usually involves a combination of physical examination, imaging tests (such as X-rays, CT scans, or MRI scans), and biopsy. A biopsy involves removing a small sample of tissue from the suspected tumor and examining it under a microscope for cancer cells.

The treatment of neoplasms depends on the type, size, location, and stage of the cancer, as well as the patient's overall health. Some common treatments include:

1. Surgery: Removing the tumor and surrounding tissue can be an effective way to treat many types of cancer.
2. Chemotherapy: Using drugs to kill cancer cells can be effective for some types of cancer, especially if the cancer has spread to other parts of the body.
3. Radiation therapy: Using high-energy radiation to kill cancer cells can be effective for some types of cancer, especially if the cancer is located in a specific area of the body.
4. Immunotherapy: Boosting the body's immune system to fight cancer can be an effective treatment for some types of cancer.
5. Targeted therapy: Using drugs or other substances to target specific molecules on cancer cells can be an effective treatment for some types of cancer.

Prevention of Neoplasms

While it is not always possible to prevent neoplasms, there are several steps that can reduce the risk of developing cancer. These include:

1. Avoiding exposure to known carcinogens (such as tobacco smoke and radiation)
2. Maintaining a healthy diet and lifestyle
3. Getting regular exercise
4. Not smoking or using tobacco products
5. Limiting alcohol consumption
6. Getting vaccinated against certain viruses that are associated with cancer (such as human papillomavirus, or HPV)
7. Participating in screening programs for early detection of cancer (such as mammograms for breast cancer and colonoscopies for colon cancer)
8. Avoiding excessive exposure to sunlight and using protective measures such as sunscreen and hats to prevent skin cancer.

It's important to note that not all cancers can be prevented, and some may be caused by factors that are not yet understood or cannot be controlled. However, by taking these steps, individuals can reduce their risk of developing cancer and improve their overall health and well-being.

Qualitative Inquiry Qualitative Research The Qualitative Report Psychology portal Computer-assisted qualitative data analysis ... Compared to qualitative research, experimental research and certain types of nonexperimental research (e.g., prospective ... 1994 Beginning Qualitative Research. Falmer Press. Pernecky, T. (2016). Epistemology and Metaphysics for Qualitative Research. ... the inadequacy of qualitative research for testing cause-effect hypotheses, and the Baconian character of qualitative research ...
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Methods Research Analysis Software Qualitative economics Qualitative marketing research Qualitative psychological research ... Computer-assisted (or aided) qualitative data analysis software (CAQDAS) offers tools that assist with qualitative research ... St John, W; Johnson, P (2000). "The pros and cons of data analysis software for qualitative research". Journal of Nursing ... "Updates". ATLAS.ti - The Qualitative Data Analysis & Research Software. Retrieved 2022-07-20. "Coding Analysis Toolkit". "ELAN ...
... is an academic journal dealing with sociology. It publishes research papers on the qualitative ... Qualitative research journals, Publications established in 1997, Springer Science+Business Media academic journals, English- ... "Qualitative Sociology". 2016 Journal Citation Reports. Web of Science (Science ed.). Clarivate Analytics. 2017. Publisher ... Qualitative Sociology is abstracted and indexed in the Social Sciences Citation Index. According to the Journal Citation ...
Lu, Chi-Jung (2008). "Rigor and Flexibility in Computer-based Qualitative Research: Introducing the Coding Analysis Toolkit". ... The Qualitative Data Analysis Program (QDAP) was founded in 2005 at the University of Pittsburgh in the University Center for ... QDAP is a fee-for-service research laboratory that develops software and methods to support multi-coder annotation projects. In ... The International Journal of Multiple Research Approaches. 2: 105-117. QDAP-UMass (Articles with short description, Short ...
Qualitative Research. 11(5), 469-486. doi:10.1177/1468794111413223 with Ali, M. M. and Pattison, S. 2013. Understanding Muslim ... From 1994 until 1997 she was a research fellow in the department of sociology at the University of Warwick, and in 1998 at the ... She is known for her research on Muslims and Islam in Britain and chaplaincy in public institutions. Gilliat-Ray studied ...
Denzin, N. K. (2001). "The reflexive interview and a performative social science" (PDF). Qualitative Research. 1 (1): 23-46. ...
In cultural geography, there is a tradition of employing qualitative research techniques, also used in anthropology and ... of South Africa 52 (6): 119-139 Vibha, Pathak; Bijayini, Jena; Sanjay, Kaira (2013). "Qualitative research". Perspect Clin Res ... Suchan, Trudy; Brewer, Cynthia (2000). "Qualitative Methods for Research on Mapmaking and Map Use". The Professional Geographer ... Human geography is much more likely to employ qualitative methods then physical or technical. Qualitative cartography employs ...
Bjørnholt and Farstad argue that the couple interview should be seen as a distinct form of the qualitative research interview, ... Polak, L.; Green, J. (2015). "Using Joint Interviews to Add Analytic Value" (PDF). Qualitative Health Research. 26 (12): 1638- ... v t e (Use Oxford spelling from August 2020, Qualitative research, All stub articles, Sociology stubs). ... is a method of qualitative research used in the social sciences, where two spouses are interviewed together. Such an interview ...
ISBN 9781409421580 (hbk) £65.00". Qualitative Research. 15 (1): 125-126. doi:10.1177/1468794114520889. S2CID 147646929. Magee, ... ISBN 978-1-85973-076-8. Anthropological research has exerted considerable influence on other disciplines such as sociology, ... the subject maintains closer connections to history and is simply conceived of as archaeology with a distinct research focus ...
Qualitative Social Research. 6 (2). doi:10.17169/fqs-6.2.467. Strauss, A. L., & Corbin, J. M. (1990). Basics of qualitative ... Basics of qualitative research: Grounded theory procedures and techniques (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. (Qualitative ... Axial coding is the breaking down of core themes during qualitative data analysis. Axial coding in grounded theory is the ... Charmaz, K. (2006). Constructing grounded theory: A practical guide through qualitative analysis. London: Sage. Gatrell, A.C. ( ...
Qualitative Research. 11 (3): 261-276. doi:10.1177/1468794111399835. ISSN 1468-7941. S2CID 144833201. Nolas, S-M., and ... It has been a fundamental part of anthropological research and fieldwork from the early days of the discipline. Anthropologists ... Multimodal anthropology is an emerging subfield of social cultural anthropology that encompasses anthropological research and ... "research is often an attempt to disentangle everyday experiences, those of our interlocutors as well as our encounters with ...
Qualitative Research; The Journal of Workplace Learning, and Historical Social Research. He is one of three members of the ... He is currently co-editor of Sociological Research Online member of the editorial board of Historical Social Research, and has ... "SRO Editorial Board". Sociological Research Online, Sociological Research Online. "GESIS - Leibniz Institute for the Social ... "SAGE Internet Research Methods , SAGE Publications Ltd". Retrieved 19 October 2015. "Contemporary Approaches to ...
Qualitative Research. 19 (3): 241-246. doi:10.1177/1468794119844103. Research Profile: Prof. Karen Henwood, Cardiff School of ... She was editor-in-chief of Qualitative Research from 2016 to 2019. She holds a BSc in psychology and a PhD in social psychology ... Her most cited work, "Qualitative research and psychological theorizing," was cited over 1100 times as of 2019. According to ... Her research in recent years includes the ESRC project "Timescapes" on relationships and identities through the life course, ...
Qualitative Research. 17 (1): 3-19. doi:10.1177/1468794116652450. Chtouris, Sotiris (January 2017). "Refugee Flows and ... Volunteers in the Current Humanitarian Crisis in Greece". Journal of Applied Security Research. 12: 61-77. doi:10.1080/ ...
Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung / Forum Qualitative Social Research. 8: 3. Lane, Jeffrey (2016). "The Digital Street: An ... Internet Communication and Qualitative Research: A Handbook for Researching Online, London: Sage Publications, ISBN 978-0-7619- ... This focus on participation and immersion makes these approaches quite distinct from qualitative internet research methods like ... Dicks, Bella; Mason, Bruce; Coffey, Amanda; Atkinson, Paul (2005), Qualitative Research and Hypermedia: Ethnography for the ...
Williams, Matthew (2001-12-01). "Book Review: Life Online: Researching Real Experience in Virtual Space". Qualitative Research ... for researching digital contexts in textbooks and handbooks on qualitative research practice. Markham maintains a blog about a ... innovative qualitative methods for social research, and Internet research ethics. Markham has authored more than 50 articles ... Lichtman, Marilyn V. (2012-01-20). Qualitative Research in Education: A User's Guide (3 ed.). Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications ...
Walby, Kevin (29 June 2016). "On the Social Relations of Research". Qualitative Inquiry. 13 (7): 1008-1030. doi:10.1177/ ... ISBN 978-1-55553-794-4. Trenerry, Ruth (2011). "A Portfolio of Research Career-work: An Institutional Ethnography exploring ... Hicks, Stephen (31 December 2009). "Sexuality and the 'Relations of Ruling': Using Institutional Ethnography to Research ... and writer with research interests in a variety of disciplines, including women's studies, feminist theory, psychology, and ...
... s are widely used in qualitative research; for example in household research, such as couple ... It helps them draw an objective comparison from the interviewees, which is helpful for either qualitative research study or job ... Semi-structured interview at the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations's website (Qualitative research). ... to the qualitative research. And they could more easily give the reasons for their answers during the interviews. Plus, the ...
Moving forward using the Communicative Methodology of Research. Qualitative Inquiry. 20 (7), 839-843. doi:10.1177/ ... Informing real social transformation through research. Qualitative Inquiry, 17 (3), 235-245. doi: 10.1177/1077800410397802 ... One of the research lines Puigvert promoted was the inclusion of other women's voices - primarily non-academic women who had ... This research was consolidated in her contribution to the theory of dialogic feminism. Within the feminism sphere, Puigvert ...
Qualitative Market Research. 9 (1): 51-72. doi:10.1108/13522750610640558. ISSN 1352-2752. Mackellar, J. (2006). "Fans, fanatics ...
Qualitative Health Research. 19 (5): 655-667. doi:10.1177/1049732309334249. PMID 19380501. S2CID 40361244. (subscription ... Specific research has been done on preferences, attitudes, impression formation, and decision-making. This research contrasts ...
Qualitative Health Research. 19 (9): 1196-1209. doi:10.1177/1049732309344206. PMID 19690202. S2CID 23367788. Paul, Elizabeth; ... Heldman, Caroline; Wade, Lisa (July 10, 2010). "Hook-Up Culture: Setting a New Research Agenda". Sexuality Research and Social ... Some research shows that hookup regret is gendered, with women tending to regret hooking up much more than men do. According to ... Research suggests frequent drug or alcohol use can also lead to lower perceptions of those health risks. Engaging in hook-ups ...
The development of the INSAS assault rifle began in mid-1980s, when the Indian Army released a general staff qualitative ... After studying a number of designs, the Armament Research and Development Establishment (ARDE) in Pune undertook the task to ... Defence Research and Development Organisation, Light machine guns, Machine guns of India, Rifles of India, Weapons and ... It was designed by the Armament Research and Development Establishment and manufactured by the Ordnance Factories Board at its ...
Research is sparse, but it seems likely that parts of the bottomland in North America was created, or at least added to, by the ... Kemp, P.S., Worthington, T.A., Langford, E.L., Tree, A.R.J. and Gaywood, M.J., (2012). "Qualitative and quantitative effects of ...
... is a qualitative method used in community-based participatory research to gather information. Photovoice uses ... 2010) Skovdal, M., Cornish, F., (2015) "Qualitative Research for Development: A guide for practitioners" Rugby, UK: Practical ... Photovoice Evaluated: An Appropriate Visual Methodology for Aboriginal Water Resource Research. Geographical Research. 51(1):94 ... Educational research, Pedagogy, Photography by genre, Social research). ...
... spatial interdependencies between social interactions and the environment through qualitative and quantitative research methods ... This is a sub-discipline of human geography, researching how and why diseases are spread and contained. Historical geography is ... Within each of the subfields, various philosophical approaches can be used in research; therefore, an urban geographer could be ... The society has long supported geographic research and education on geographical topics. The Association of American ...
In short, mixing or integrating research strategies (qualitative and/or quantitative) in any and all research undertaking is ... Multimethodology or multimethod research includes the use of more than one method of data collection or research in a research ... an expert in qualitative research, and an expert in mixed methods research to help with dialogue and continual integration. In ... The Entry of Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches into the Research Process." International Journal of Social Research ...
Belackova, Vendula; Tomkova, Alexandra; Zabransky, Tomas (2016). "Qualitative research in Spanish cannabis social clubs: "The ... Research suggests that CSCs can have positive outcomes in terms of public health and harm reduction. Cannabis consumers clubs ... research institutes, associations or foundations. Pilot trials can be set up between 2021 and 2031, as enacted by Switzerland ...
... refer to qualitative notes recorded by scientists or researchers in the course of field research, during or after ... Yin, Robert (2011). Qualitative Research from Start to Finish (Second ed.). New York, NY: The Guilford Press. pp. 163-183. ISBN ... Grounded theory is a method for integrating data in qualitative research done primarily by social scientists. This may have ... Prior to engaging in qualitative research for the first time, practicing a transcribing format beforehand can improve the ...
Research has also linked resource wealth to greater domestic violence, and a gender gap in education. Research finds that the ... the use of qualitative methods reveals "that oil has rarely been a deep cause of ethnic war." The emergence of the Sicilian ... All articles that may contain original research, Articles that may contain original research from November 2022, Economic ... Research generally supports the first theory but is mixed on the second. A 2019 study found that oil wealth is associated with ...
Although it had been reported that Cosmos atrosanguineus was extinct in the wild, a research project on the genus Cosmos begun ... Amamiya, K., & Iwashina, T. (2016). "Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis of Flower Pigments in Chocolate Cosmos, Cosmos ...
Fowler's model has inspired a considerable body of empirical research into faith development, although little of such research ... In contrast, the human-scientific approach accesses the human world of experience using qualitative, phenomenological, and ... Additional research suggests the social component of ritual. For instance, findings suggest that ritual performance indicates ... Poloma, M. M.; Pendleton, B. F. (1989). "Exploring types of prayer and quality of life: A research note". Review of Religious ...
... and Interviewing for Qualitative Research. She was, for many years, co-editor of the annual, The Narrative Study of Lives. www. ... Josselson was a founder of the Society of Qualitative Inquiry. and is the editor of the APA journal Qualitative Psychology. She ... Sarbin Award and the Distinguished Contributions to Qualitative Research Award from the American Psychological Association as ... Her research focuses on women's identity and on human relationships. She received the Henry A. Murray Award, the Theodore R. ...
Oslo: Somaliland Women's Research and Action Group, Oslo University. Fried, Sarah; Warsame, Amina Mahmoud; et al. (2013). " ... "Outpatients' perspectives on problems and needs related to female genital mutilation/cutting: a qualitative study from ... She helped found the Somaliland Women's Research and Action Group (SOWRAG), and in 2005 she stood for a seat in Somaliland's ... Uppsala, Sweden: Somaliland Women's Research and Action Group and Life & Peace Institute. ISBN 918774855X. OCLC 63135935. ...
Qualitative Research in Health Care B. What Are the Results and How Do They Help Me Care for My Patients? JAMA, 284(4), pp. 478 ... Qualitative Research in Health Care A. Are the Results of the Study Valid? JAMA, 284(3), pp. 357-362. Available at: http://jama ... David Sackett prepared a series of articles to assist clinicians interpreting clinical research. These articles, introducing ... systematic evidence from clinical research in conjunction with patients' values and preferences in clinical decision-making. A ...
Department for Transport and Hedges, A (2001-11-11). "Perceptions of congestion: report on qualitative research findings". ... Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board. 2345: 74-82. doi:10.3141/2345-10. S2CID 109715156 ... 2004). Road Pricing, Volume 9: Theory and Evidence (Research in Transportation Economics). JAI Press. ISBN 978-0-7623-0968-9. ... Transportation Research. 39A (7-9): 671-690. doi:10.1016/j.tra.2005.02.014. Peterson, Sarah Jo; MacCleery, Rachel (2013). When ...
"Qualitative assessment of the risk to the UK human population of monkeypox infection in a canine, feline, mustelid, lagomorph ... Research, Center for Biologics Evaluation and (17 February 2021). "ACAM2000 (Smallpox Vaccine) Questions and Answers". FDA. ...
... research', etc.) Brazilian Portuguese uses an alternative word ending in -issar in some exceptional cases; e.g., aterrissar, ... but in Galician-Portuguese these vowels underwent a qualitative change instead (Portuguese/Galician pedra, morre), becoming ...
Elena Sokolova, to the department, first as a Research Associate and later as a Research Professor. Dr. Sokolova has had a ... Hence one can define from an atomistic perspective the qualitative changes caused by variation in temperature and pressure. ... In 2001, he was awarded a Tier I Canada Research Chair which relieved him of some of his undergraduate teaching and allowed him ... After seven years of this rather precarious existence, he secured a University Research Fellowship in 1980, the first year of ...
In his research, Arjan van Timmeren formulated the following five questions: To what extent are the current technical (infra) ... The objective of a sustainable implant is to generate qualitative and quantitative improvements for utility service provision. ... The concept originates from Arjan van Timmeren's research, Autonomy & Heteronomy (2006), as an answer to the problem of scale ...
Hence, the research conducted now is relevant to poor population. Political priority is also one of the contributing factors of ... a qualitative study of malaria and disability". Malaria Journal. 11 (1): 15. doi:10.1186/1475-2875-11-15. PMC 3295708. PMID ... There is a significant disparity in the research conducted in the health sector. It is claimed that only 10% of the health ... Based upon the spread of research in cures for diseases, certain diseases are identified and referred to as "neglected diseases ...
Psychological Research. 83 (3): 498-513. doi:10.1007/s00426-017-0899-x. ISSN 0340-0727. PMID 28770385. S2CID 4032915. Jacobs, ... that the changes in spatial knowledge ongoing with growing experience are rather quantitative than qualitative, i. e. different ... Journal of Eye Movement Research. 12(1):3 (1): 1-18. doi:10.16910/jemr.12.1.3. PMC 7903250. PMID 33828721 - via DOI: 10.16910/ ...
In 2015, a research study on goals found those who wrote them down accomplished them at a significantly higher rate than those ... A qualitative study". The British Journal of Educational Psychology. 85 (2): 224-241. doi:10.1111/bjep.12059. ISSN 2044-8279. ... Goal setting research has shown positive results as an effective, and inexpensive to implement intervention for a broad range ... While goal setting research tends to be domain specific, these results among others, does suggest that benefits from goal ...
This can be a strength, as Q is sometimes used with a single subject, and it makes research far less expensive. In such cases, ... While the relevance of this qualitative data is often suppressed in current uses of Q-methodology, the modes of reasoning ... Q methodology is a research method used in psychology and in social sciences to study people's "subjectivity"-that is, their ... Q-methodology has been used as a research tool in a wide variety of disciplines including nursing, veterinary medicine, public ...
Qualitative zymoblot is of great potential use in diagnosis of human, animal and plant diseases. If a pathogen demonstrates a ... Noble Research Centre, Oklahoma State University, USA in 1993. Physiological phenomena whether at the cellular or molecular ... Recently, a new qualitative or rather semi quantitative micro-technique, first described by Wagih and Fletcher (1993), and ... using qualitative zymoblot is an indication of a physiological disorder, inflammatory reaction or pathogenic infection. In all ...
This result can obviously be achieved only after the research has already been done, and the findings can be arranged in a ... a qualitative change occurs; in that case, most people begin to behave differently. The process of history is both determined, ... but a mode of presenting findings of the analysis after knowledge has been obtained through inquiry and research, and ... as a subject for objective research, and analyzes human history as one would a colossal laboratory record. Marxism appraises ...
Departures in Critical Qualitative Research. 6 (3): 65-77. doi:10.1525/dcqr.2017.6.3.65. Retrieved June 9, 2020. Clifton, ... She shared several tweets about her unvaccinated status and claimed she wanted to do more research and be comfortable with her ... "once I feel I've done enough research"". NME. September 14, 2021. Retrieved September 15, 2021. "Even the Met Gala Can't ...
Davidsen, Annette Sofie (March 15, 2013). "Phenomenological Approaches in Psychology and Health Sciences". Qualitative Research ... "Debating Phenomenological Research Methods." Phenomenology & Practice. Vol. 3, No. 1, 2009, p. 10. L. Finlay, 2009, p. 10 ... For example, Maurice Merleau-Ponty is the first well known phenomenologist to openly mingle the results of empirical research ... According to L. Finlay (2009), Phenomenological research characteristically starts with concrete descriptions of lived ...
Phillimore, J. & Lisa Goodson (2004), Qualitative Research in Tourism: Ontologies, Epistemologies and Methodologies, Routledge ... Research at nearby Liang Bua cave to the west near Ruteng has also contributed to expanding knowledge about early human ...
Cohen's research and publication continued to use computers to model complex organizational behavior. In 1995 he worked with ... "Patient Handoffs between Emergency Department and Inpatient Physicians: A Qualitative Study to Inform Standardization of ... Cohen's research centered on learning and adaptation within organizations in response to changing environments. He wrote many ... Contemporary Research Issues". Santa Fe Institute Working Paper. 5 (95-11-101): 653-698. CiteSeerX doi:10.1093/ ...
The purpose of the Society is to promote "the study of and research into the process of designing in all its many fields" and ... Recent developments have seen the introduction of more qualitative techniques, including ethnographic methods such as cultural ... Academic research journals in design also began publication. DRS initiated Design Studies in 1979, Design Issues appeared in ... Arising directly from the 1962 Conference on Design Methods, the Design Research Society (DRS) was founded in the UK in 1966. ...
"A qualitative operation of the protection units in Aleppo and the killing of many mercenaries". Firat News Agency. 11 September ... "Kurdish parties and their interactions in the Syrian scene". Syrian Institute for Studies and Research of Public Opinion. " ...
... mixed methods of formative research were used to d … ... Qualitative research: what do we know about teaching good ... Using qualitative and quantitative formative research to develop tailored nutrition intervention materials for a diverse low- ... Using qualitative and quantitative formative research to develop tailored nutrition intervention materials for a diverse low- ... Built and social environmental factors influencing healthy behaviours in older Chinese immigrants to Australia: a qualitative ...
Guide to qualitative evidence synthesis: evidence-informed policy-making using research in the EVIPNET framework  ... A field guide to qualitative research for new vaccine introduction: step-by-step instructions to help immunization programmes ... Behavioural insights on health service needs and access: results of a qualitative study among refugees from Ukraine in Romania ... Behavioural insights on health service needs and access: results of a qualitative study among refugees from Ukraine in Slovakia ...
Qualitative research is all about better understanding human experiences. ... Qualitative Research : Research Methods. Qualitative Research Justin Netcher SOC 333: Research Methods Jeremy Baker December 19 ... Research Methodology on Natural Language Processing. Qualitative research is a technique of promoting research that stresses ... Critical Appraisal Of A Qualitative Research Article. Qualitative research can often be labelled as biased and anecdotal ...
A new category on Qualitative Research has been added to the HSR queries page (see Figure 1). Qualitative research is research ... Qualitative Research Added to the Health Services Research (HSR) Search Filters n 2004, Health Services Research (HSR) search ... National Center for Health Sciences Research (NCHSR). Auston I. Qualitative Research Added to the Health Services Research (HSR ... 2001). Qualitative studies relate to how people perceive or experience situations. In health services research, qualitative ...
Writing Up Qualitative Research is an essential resource for anyone engaged in social research for whom the link between ... how to write up their findings once the research stage is completed. Now, in Writing Up Qualitative Research, Harry Wolcott ... Writing Up Qualitative Research contains many useful suggestions to help both the novice and the experienced writer. . . . If ... Writing Up Qualitative Research *Harry F. Wolcott - University of Oregon, USA, Emeritus ...
Stoto MA, Nelson CD, Klaiman T. Getting from what to why: using qualitative research to conduct public health systems research ... Qualitative research and its uses in health care. Sultan Qaboos Univ Med J 2008;8(1):11-9. PubMedexternal icon ... The practice of qualitative research. Thousand Oaks (CA): Sage Publications; 2006.. *Nutley SM, Walter I, Davies HTO. Using ... Getting Research to the Policy Table: A Qualitative Study With Public Health Researchers on Engaging With Policy Makers. ...
Qualitative Research & Evaluation Methods, 4th Ed. + Writing Up Qualitative Research, 3rd Ed.. by Patton, Michael Quinn; ... Qualitative Research & Evaluation Methods + the Sage Dictionary of Qualitative Inquiry, 4th Ed.. by Patton, Michael Quinn; ... Qualitative Research & Evaluation Methods 4th Ed. + Completing Your Qualitative Dissertation, 2nd Ed.. by Patton, Michael Quinn ... Qualitative Comparative Analysis in Mixed Methods Research and Evaluation. by Kahwati, Leila C.; Kane, Heather L. ...
A common misconception about sampling in qualitative research is that numbers are unimportant in ensuring the adequacy of a ... Sample size in qualitative research M Sandelowski. Res Nurs Health. 1995 Apr. ... Sampling in qualitative research. Purposeful and theoretical sampling; merging or clear boundaries? Coyne IT. Coyne IT. J Adv ... A common misconception about sampling in qualitative research is that numbers are unimportant in ensuring the adequacy of a ...
This community-engaged study identifies barriers and facilitators to clinical research participation for people living with ... Ability and Willingness to Participate in Dementia Clinical Research: A Qualitative Study Link to Resource: ... This qualitative study used a community-engaged approach to identify factors affecting dementia clinical research participation ... Ability and willingness to participate in dementia clinical research: A qualitative study. Patient. 2023. Epub March 29. doi: ...
Ive always been an advocate of storytelling when it comes to qualitative research, as per my blog post a few months ago. Often ... We dont say "a picture is worth a thousand words" for nothing, and this is especially true for qualitative research. What ... Home , Featured Blogs , What Works Best In Qualitative Research: Tell The Story Or Get To The Point? ... Research *Forrester Decisions is our portfolio of research services that helps executives, functional leaders, and their teams ...
... searching and selecting qualitative research, quality appraisal, and methods for synthesising qualitative findings. The ... The ENTREQ statement can help researchers to report the stages most commonly associated with the synthesis of qualitative ... searching and selecting qualitative research, quality appraisal, and methods for synthesising qualitative findings. The ... Enhancing transparency in reporting the synthesis of qualitative research: ENTREQ BMC Med Res Methodol. 2012 Nov 27;12:181. doi ...
In Part II, The Flexible Use of Data, the generation of theory from qualitative, especially documentary, and quantitative data ... capacity for generating theory that will be relevant to their research. While aimed primarily at sociologists, it will be ... systematically obtained and analyzed in social research--can be furthered. The discovery of theory from data--grounded theory-- ... especially If their studies are based on qualitative data. ... Strategies for Qualitative Research. Barney G. Glaser, Anselm L ...
We introduce the framework of qualitative optimization problems (or, simply, optimization problems) to represent preference ...
Qualitative research reviews. Full bibliographic reference. Clark JP: How to peer review a qualitative manuscript. In Peer ... Qualitative research review guidelines - RATS Reporting guideline provided for?. (i.e. exactly what the authors state in the ...
Qualitative Organizational Research - Volume 2 Best Papers from the Davis Conference on Qualitative Research ... Qualitative Organizational Research Volume 1 Best Papers from the Davis Conference on Qualitative Research ... Qualitative Organizational Research - Volume 3. Best papers from the Davis Conference on Qualitative Research. Edited by:. Beth ... A volume in the series: Advances in Qualitative Organization Research. Editor(s): Ileana Stigliani, Imperial College London. ...
L.H. Erbe "A survey of G. J. Butlers research in the qualitative theory of ordinary differential equations," Rocky Mountain ... A survey of G. J. Butlers research in the qualitative theory of ordinary differential equations. ...
2000-2023 Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung / Forum: Qualitative Social Research (ISSN 1438-5627) Institut für Qualitative ...
Qualitative Inquiry , Qualitative Research in Business & Management , Qualitative Research in Business & Management ... 3 new chapters on qualitative content analysis, visual research and publishing research. ... This book explains very well the process to conduct a qualitative method approach within the Business and Management Research. ... An excellent overview on different methods and a very good chapter on quality and validity for qualitative research. ...
Qualitative Data Analysis for Text - Graphic - Audio & Video - ATLAS.ti ... Drive your research process Research Tools in Qualitative Research. Professional research software help researchers in managing ... Research tools for qualitative data analysis Research software and research tools enable researchers to gain quick insights, ... Students Turbocharge your qualitative research projects Universities Streamline your academic research workflow UX & Product ...
... Location. University House - Room 106. ... In collaboration with the Academy of International Business Research Methodologies Special Interest Group (AIB RM-SIG), the aim ... In addition, the workshop also aims to stimulate innovation in research methods and promote the use of novel methodologies in ... See all schools, departments, research and professional services. *Liberal Arts and Natural Sciences ...
Our qualitative research classes, renowned for experiential training with skilled moderators and trainers, allows ... Qualitative research, driven by our unique philosophy. We practice what we teach to discover individuals perceptions, opinions ... RIVA staff are highly respected professionals with extensive knowledge in the qualitative market research and training ... The RIVA Training Institute fundamentally changed and elevated the field of qualitative market research. ...
Case-based Research. [Page 92]. Here is a story of how case-based research could be done. It shows that the research is driven ... Qualitative Marketing Research clearly explains the use and importance of qualitative methods, clarifying the theories behind ... This book recognizes that the contribution which qualitative research can make to market understanding and insight is immense, ... Carson, David, Audrey Gilmore, Chad Perry et al.. Qualitative Marketing Research London: SAGE Publications, Ltd; 2001. doi: ...
OP119 Appraising Qualitative Research For Qualitative Evidence Syntheses - Volume 34 Issue S1 ... OP119 Appraising Qualitative Research For Qualitative Evidence Syntheses. Published online by Cambridge University Press: 03 ... Quality appraisal of qualitative research is an important step in QES, and there have been a proliferation of tools for this ... The question engendered was not whether qualitative research is valuable but how researchers can enhance its rigor. From this ...
Qualitative research methods for the social sciences. 6th ed. Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon, 2007. Information Research, 13(3), ... character of qualitative research; the second deals with the research process from the literature review to dissemination; and ... Qualitative research was only just beginning to make an impact in the social sciences and, as a result, one of the few texts ... Berg, Bruce L. Qualitative research methods for the social sciences. 6th ed. Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon, 2007. xvi, 384 pp. ...
Carry out basic qualitative research independently, including research design, data collection, theory based data analysis and ... Design research strategies (choosing the appropriate method for the research question: quantitative, qualitative, mixed methods ... Qualitative and Mixed Methods in International Health Research. Take this 5-week course and gain insight and practical skills ... Qualitative research provides a means to getting insights into unquantifiable facts and gain an in-depth understanding of the ...
Learn about Qualitative Research Methods in detail by experts on Also, you can find more topics for free ✍️ ... The assessment of quality in qualitative research. The quality of research is very important as it determines the credibility ... Analysis of the fundamental epistemological assumptions of qualitative research. Epistemology in research is the theory of ... Qualitative research is mainly used in social science and arts, unlike quantitative research, which is scientific. This ...
Today, with emerging qualitative methodology, questions about the validity and reliability in qualitative research findings ... A total of 25 research and review articles, and other resources related to reliability and validity of qualitative research ... The reliability and validity in qualitative researches depend on asking principle questions about the nature of research, ... This was a qualitative research in the kind of grounded theory. The study population was the society of divorced women in ages ...
About: The comparative education field has been slow to catch on to the potential of the kind of qualitative methodologies ... About: The comparative education field has been slow to catch on to the potential of the kind of qualitative methodologies ...
The PPCs Summer Fellowship for Qualitative Research provides dedicated time and support to develop research projects that use ... historical and archival research, content analysis, case studies, action research, and mixed-method designs. Project work may ... The Public Policy Center is committed to supporting in-depth qualitative scholarship of significant public interest. ... The PPCs Summer Fellowship for Qualitative Research provides dedicated time and support to develop research projects that use ...
Research Key challenges and ways forward in researching the "good death": qualitative in-depth interview and focus group study ... 456789 Clark called for more qualitative research with patients and families, cross cultural research, longitudinal studies ... The qualitative approach enabled an in-depth exploration of the key challenges in end of life research across a range of ... Seymour J, Ingleton C. Ethical issues in qualitative research at the end of life. Int J Palliat Nurs 2005;11:138-46. ...
  • As part of a project to develop a tailored nutrition education intervention to meet the needs of low-income Hispanics and non-Hispanics, complementary, mixed methods of formative research were used to determine specific characteristics of the target population. (
  • No research methodologic criteria were developed for this category other than that data collection and analysis methods are appropriate for qualitative research. (
  • Qualitative Research & Evaluation Methods + the Sage Dictionary of Qualitative Inquiry, 4th Ed. (
  • Qualitative Research & Evaluation Methods, 4th Ed. + Writing Up Qualitative Research, 3rd Ed. (
  • Qualitative Research & Evaluation Methods 4th Ed. + Completing Your Qualitative Dissertation, 2nd Ed. (
  • The preliminary checklist was piloted against forty published syntheses of qualitative research, purposively selected to capture a range of year of publication, methods and methodologies, and health topics. (
  • The Enhancing transparency in reporting the synthesis of qualitative research (ENTREQ) statement consists of 21 items grouped into five main domains: introduction, methods and methodology, literature search and selection, appraisal, and synthesis of findings. (
  • The ENTREQ statement can help researchers to report the stages most commonly associated with the synthesis of qualitative health research: searching and selecting qualitative research, quality appraisal, and methods for synthesising qualitative findings. (
  • Using case studies and a global approach it provides you with an overview of the philosophies, methodologies and methods you will need to research in this field. (
  • Eriksson and Kovalainen have improved on what was already a very useful and usable guide to the theory and application of a range of qualitative methods. (
  • An excellent overview on different methods and a very good chapter on quality and validity for qualitative research. (
  • In addition, the workshop also aims to stimulate innovation in research methods and promote the use of novel methodologies in order to advance knowledge in international business and management as well as enhance professional standards in those fields. (
  • This book recognizes that the contribution which qualitative research can make to market understanding and insight is immense, and that statistical information flows are never enough but need to be compounded by market intelligence gained through qualitative methods. (
  • Qualitative Marketing Research clearly explains the use and importance of qualitative methods, clarifying the theories behind the methodology and providing concrete examples and exercises which illustrate its application to Management Studies and Marketing. (
  • Qualitative research was only just beginning to make an impact in the social sciences and, as a result, one of the few texts available in the field was likely to make an impact as qualitative methods began to be taught in undergraduate and graduate programmes in the social sciences. (
  • When I look at university courses in research methods around the world I generally find that they consist of lectures and associated reading, whereas questionnaire design, interviewing, field observation and the management of focus groups are practical arts for which experiential training is needed. (
  • To his credit, Berg provides the 'Trying it out' sections, which give some ideas on how to practice what has been presented in the text, but the teacher who adopts this or any other text on social research methods really needs to spend much more time on practical exercises than on giving lectures. (
  • I found the chapter on interviewing particularly interesting since it promotes the dramaturgical view, which was adopted in my own training and which I have tried used in all of my teaching of research methods. (
  • Combining qualitative and quantitative methods in mixed-method designs enhances the strengths of each research method by providing tools to answer research questions that cannot be investigated by one of these methods alone. (
  • The course focuses on the application of mixed methods' designs in international health research. (
  • Look through this Qualitative Research Methods created by BookWormLab! (
  • 4 5 6 7 8 9 Clark called for more qualitative research with patients and families, cross cultural research, longitudinal studies that can identify the changing needs of patients and families, and the use of innovative methods that examine the difficulties of research in palliative care settings. (
  • We used qualitative methods to learn about the experiences, perceptions, and practice of relevant researchers and the views of people approaching the end of life and their carers. (
  • Emerging research on the social determinants of health behavior and health outcomes suggests that innovative qualitative research methods can have a real impact on public health. (
  • Rigorous standards exist for the collection and statistical analysis of these and other types of qualitative data that can be combined with quantitative data (for example, in mixed-methods pdf 82.24 KB research studies). (
  • ABSTRACT Currently, it is easy to find health professionals who not only attach importance to qualitative methods, but also recognize their help to better understand their patients' lives. (
  • IMSEAR at SEARO: Understanding pros and cons on qualitative and quantitative research methods. (
  • Writing Up Qualitative Research contains many useful suggestions to help both the novice and the experienced writer. (
  • The two sources on which I depended most heavily were Robert Stake's The Art of Case Study Research and Harry F. Wolcott's Writing Up Qualitative Research . (
  • Now, in Writing Up Qualitative Research , Harry Wolcott draws on years of personal experience to take researchers step by step through the final stage of the research process. (
  • Writing Up Qualitative Research is an essential resource for anyone engaged in social research for whom the link between conducting research and writing it up seems more like an obstacle than an opportunity. (
  • In collaboration with the Academy of International Business Research Methodologies Special Interest Group (AIB RM-SIG), the aim of the workshop is to help and guide PhD students with the process of planning and undertaking rigorous qualitative and quantitative data collection and analysis. (
  • Epistemology is a concept of philosophical assumption that influences qualitative and quantitative data collection methodologies. (
  • The comparative education field has been slow to catch on to the potential of the kind of qualitative methodologies advocated in the sociology of education and in curriculum evaluation. (
  • When scientific researchers combine the whole spectrum of inductive and deductive research approaches using both quantitative and qualitative research methodologies, they apply mixed- method research . (
  • The synthesis of qualitative research is an expanding and evolving methodological area and we would value feedback from all stakeholders for the continued development and extension of the ENTREQ statement. (
  • With a combination of theoretical knowledge and methodological skills, this short course targets an international audience of researchers, practitioners, and students involved in decision-making around research design and data collection in international health. (
  • Despite the inherent difficulties, end of life research can be conducted with ethical and methodological rigour. (
  • Practical, ethical, methodological, and emotional difficulties are experienced by those conducting research into the end of life. (
  • The aim of this paper is to discuss methodological characteristics of qualitative studies conducted by Telephone Interviews (ET). (
  • In question three, a distinction will be made between hermeneutic and scientific approaches in the qualitative investigation. (
  • The PPC's Summer Fellowship for Qualitative Research provides dedicated time and support to develop research projects that use qualitative approaches, including ethnography, historical and archival research, content analysis, case studies, action research, and mixed-method designs. (
  • Qualitative approaches can look across all these influences to identify patterns and extract meaning - and to shine a light on lived experiences, interpretations of symptoms, and treatment responses from different individuals. (
  • For those in the HEAL Community who may not know much about qualitative research approaches and the data they produce, here I'll try to shed light. (
  • Eighteen semistructured interviews were conducted from 2011 to 2013 with public health nutrition and obesity researchers who were highly involved in communicating research to policy makers. (
  • Various studies have identified many factors that hinder the translation of research evidence into public health policy, such as differences in decision making and persuasion among researchers and policy makers, ambiguous findings, and the need to balance objectivity and advocacy (5-7). (
  • Important to all of the above is what researchers know and believe about engaging with policy makers and what supports them in and prevents them from effectively getting research evidence into policy pathways. (
  • The purpose of this study was to explore these questions through key informant interviews with public health researchers involved in communicating research to policy makers. (
  • News Researchers across the social sciences all face the same inherent problem--how to write up their findings once the research stage is completed. (
  • The Davis Conference on Organizational Research, held for the last 15 years, is the world's leading conference for qualitative researchers in organizational studies. (
  • Research software and research tools enable researchers to gain quick insights, find answers to research questions, test and build theories and communicate findings. (
  • Professional research software help researchers in managing and analyzing their qualitative data. (
  • Scholars and researchers working with so-called "soft" data - ranging from text to images to audio and video - can rely for their work on a unique and singularly powerful research tool in the form of ATLAS.ti. (
  • This course has been developed to help qualitative researchers refine the administrative skills that make a project successful. (
  • This course introduces students to the language and skills of User Experience, building on capabilities qualitative researchers already have. (
  • The question engendered was not whether qualitative research is valuable but how researchers can enhance its rigor. (
  • remains a desire to instruct inexperienced researchers in ways to effectively collect, organize, and make sense of qualitative data. (
  • For the 2023 edition, professors and researchers from ITM and partner institutions with extensive experience in study designs, data collection, analysis, empirical ethics, and theory driven in international research settings will lead lectures, coach field work and guide applied exercises. (
  • Design Qualitative study involving in-depth interviews with researchers and focus groups with people affected by cancer. (
  • Results Researchers highlighted the difficulty of defining the end of life, overprotective gatekeeping by ethics committees and clinical staff, the need to factor in high attrition rates associated with deterioration or death, and managing the emotions of participants and research staff. (
  • People affected by cancer and researchers suggested that many people nearing the end of life do want to be offered the chance to participate in research, provided it is conducted sensitively. (
  • Although such research can be demanding, most researchers believed it to be no more problematic than many other areas of research and that the challenges identified can be overcome. (
  • 1 With some notable exceptions, however, few researchers have written specifically about the challenges involved with conducting end of life research. (
  • The purpose of this webinar is to equip public health researchers and practitioners with awareness and confidence in approaching and conducting qualitative research projects, and to familiarize participants with qualitative data collection and data analysis techniques and tools. (
  • Scientific researchers must be familiar with them and skilled to conduct their investigation within the frames of their chosen research type. (
  • When conducting quantitative research , scientific researchers should describe an existing theory, generate a hypothesis from the theory, test their hypothesis in novel research , and re-evaluate the theory. (
  • When conducting qualitative research , scientific researchers raise a question, answer the question by performing a novel study, and propose a new theory to clarify and interpret the obtained results. (
  • For this, we performed a descriptive literature, from a survey in the "LILACS", "BBO" and "PUBMED" databases, by keywords related to the theme, selecting only the papers that mentioned the "importance" of qualitative research, the "characteristics and fundamentals," and the "techniques of collecting, recording and data analysis" involving this methodology. (
  • It was found that all studies have highlighted the importance of qualitative research to the construction of new knowledge that cannot be achieved by quantitative data. (
  • We conducted a comprehensive search for guidance and reviews relevant to the synthesis of qualitative research, methodology papers, and published syntheses of qualitative health research in MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL and relevant organisational websites to May 2011. (
  • Accordingly, we did a survey of studies in which the research methodology it is intermediate by photograph and analyze the scope and limitations of its use. (
  • Thus, the purpose of this study was to review the literature on the characteristics and peculiarities of the qualitative methodology, demonstrating their techniques of collecting, recording and analyzing data. (
  • He examines key problems in writing qualitative research and explores alternative ways of coping with these problems. (
  • This assignment explores various elements of qualitative research. (
  • The next Medicine: Mind the Gap webinar explores how to approach and conduct qualitative research projects and will familiarize participants with qualitative data collection and analysis techniques and tools. (
  • The syntheses of multiple qualitative studies can pull together data across different contexts, generate new theoretical or conceptual models, identify research gaps, and provide evidence for the development, implementation and evaluation of health interventions. (
  • This presentation will review the descriptive characteristics of available quality appraisal tools for assessing the quality of primary qualitative studies in qualitative evidence syntheses (QES). (
  • Yet, simple sizes may be too small to support claims of having achieved either informational redundancy or theoretical saturation, or too large to permit the deep, case-oriented analysis that is the raison-d'être of qualitative inquiry. (
  • Qualitative research results are often used to guide new inquiry: acting as a roadmap for specific interventions or future research. (
  • Prior to holding this position, Dr. Baker was special assistant to the NIH Director and the Principal Deputy Director working directly with NIH leadership to analyze complex biomedical research policy issues and assist in the development of new science and policy initiatives. (
  • Findings From an Initial Qualitative Study on Nursing Attrition," the research method used was qualitative. (
  • This is a stimulating and worthwhile book for everyone attempting to cope with writing up their findings from this exciting form of research. (
  • Demystifying the whole process, it walks you through every aspect of conducting and using research in business, including generating questions, collecting useful data, evaluating the research and disseminating your findings. (
  • Through lecture and real-time mini-exercises, participants learn about understanding the role of theory in qualitative research, formulating research questions, sampling and recruitment, designing and implementing qualitative data collection tools and techniques, finding themes in their data, and disseminating qualitative findings. (
  • For example, Miles and Huberman (1994) describe qualitative analysis as an interactive process of "data reduction (extracting its essence), data display (organizing its meaning) and drawing conclusions (explaining the findings)" (cited in Suter, 2012). (
  • Procedure Part I - Qualitative Analysis of Group 2 Elements Mix 0.02M K2CrO4 with each Mg(NO3)2, Ca(NO3)2, Sr(NO3)2 and Ba(NO3)2 together. (
  • Combining qualitative and quantitative sampling, data collection, and analysis techniques in mixed-method studies. (
  • 3 new chapters on qualitative content analysis, visual research and publishing research. (
  • تغییرات سبک زندگی بیماران تحت همودیالیز با استفاده از رویکرد تحلیل محتوای کیفی (Qualitative content analysis) تبیین گردید. (
  • Project work may involve grant development, data collection or curation, analysis, manuscript writing and dissemination, or other phases of the research process. (
  • Discussions were audio recorded, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed using a thematic analysis through an online qualitative analysis tool, Dedoose. (
  • varying levels of analysis typically occur throughout the qualitative research process. (
  • Other facilitators identified were research- and funding-driven. (
  • This book explains very well the process to conduct a qualitative method approach within the Business and Management Research. (
  • The focus of the course is on designing a clear research purpose statement, preparation of a clear and workable individualized guide, and executing and honing skills to conduct lively in-person focus groups with respondents. (
  • Conclusions The continuing taboos around death and dying act as barriers to the commissioning and conduct of end of life research. (
  • We found many different techniques to gather, record and analyze qualitative data applied to the dentistry field. (
  • Wolcott also addresses the problem of ensuring that whatever the researcher has recorded--from observations, interviews, or archival research--is included in the final write-up. (
  • I have just finished a qualitative case study based almost entirely on interviews with engineering students. (
  • This qualitative study used a community-engaged approach to identify factors affecting dementia clinical research participation. (
  • This study aims to develop a framework for reporting the synthesis of qualitative health research. (
  • In general, the benefit of epistemological assumptions in a qualitative study is that they help examine the prevailing philosophical views from the epistemological aspect, thus reducing misconceptions or biases associated with cultural or environmental differences. (
  • This qualitative study targeted three local Palestinian health sectors, government, academia, and local and international agencies. (
  • As is the case for analyses of qualitative data, the general process for analyzing cognitive interview data involves synthesis and reduction-beginning with a large amount of textual data and ending with conclusions that are meaningful and serve the ultimate purpose of the study. (
  • The growth of the evidence-based policy movement sought to determine how to better assess and incorporate qualitative evidence in clinical practice and policy development. (
  • Qualitative Research Added to the Health Services Research (HSR) Search Filters. (
  • n 2004, Health Services Research (HSR) search filters were introduced for searching PubMed. (
  • We conducted a systematic search to identify quality appraisal tools of qualitative research designed for use in QES. (
  • Most clinical research studies of pain now use patient-reported outcomes pdf 429.48 KB ( pdf 422 kb ) in the search for treatments that will not only relieve pain but also address important life challenges that accompany chronic pain. (
  • For those without a deep familiarity with the qualitative research paradigm, navigating through the breadth of tools to find the most suitable tool for the task is a cumbersome process. (
  • Familiarity and proficiency with these research aspects facilitate the construction of novel hypotheses, development of theories, or refinement of concepts. (
  • Interest-power imbalance among stakeholders is reported where political, organizational, and technical shortfalls were indicative of weak roles and low involvement, along with a lack of health research culture, structure, resources, defined roles, and network. (
  • Use the tool to check content for meaningfulness and elicit useful research results. (
  • This book is intended for all students of marketing who are required to complete their studies with a dissertation or research project. (
  • However, little research exists about the current state of public health researcher practices for engaging with policy makers. (
  • Dr. Dill demonstrates the multiple uses of qualitative data through her vast experiences as a public health practitioner and researcher, working with community groups, local health departments, and academic partners. (
  • As a community-engaged qualitative researcher, Dr. Dill examines the relationship between adolescent development and processes of the built environment, such as gentrification, foreclosures, and violence. (
  • A Systematic literature review was performed in the electronic databases of journals: "Qualitative Health Research", "Sociology of Health & Ilness" and "Social Science & Medicine" (period 2000 to 2010). (
  • She also provides expert advice to and represents the NIH Director on initiative-related activities, including interagency efforts in pain and opioid research and policy. (
  • White (2006) explains that when the research is based on people's perceptions then qualitative research is appropriate, it aids in developing an understanding for peoples understanding, feelings values and opinions. (
  • As the report shows, this research mostly focuses on citizen's perceptions on ethnic profiling. (
  • In other words, although negative perceptions regarding the use of ethnic profiling by the police are an important indicator for closer government monitoring, it can not -- especially not for the case of the Netherlands since the available research is extremely limited -- justify the conclusion that ethnic profiling IS actually taking place. (
  • In order to be able to draw this conclusion, more research on public perceptions on policing is necessary as well as more research on police decision-making. (
  • The report aims to contribute to this necessity by presenting new quantitative and qualitative data on the perceptions of citizens from to medium sized cities in the Netherlands. (
  • Qualitative studies relate to how people perceive or experience situations. (
  • In health services research, qualitative studies are often used to provide "richer" information to augment quantitative (numeric) data. (
  • Patient compliance studies provide an example of how qualitative information can inform beyond quantitative data. (
  • Qualitative studies are helpful in answering particular kinds of research questions concerned with human responses in a particular situation and context and the meanings that humans bring to those situations" (Melnyk & Fineout-Overholt, 2015, p. 476). (
  • Since most qualitative studies use questionnaires or interviews it will show me participants true feelings. (
  • Understanding Qualitative and Quantitative Studies MaryAnne Cabelin Mount Saint Mary's University In the first article chosen, "Why are Nurses Leaving? (
  • While aimed primarily at sociologists, it will be useful to anyone Interested In studying social phenomena--political, educational, economic, industrial-- especially If their studies are based on qualitative data. (
  • From this discussion arose over one hundred appraisal tools for the quality appraisal process of qualitative studies. (
  • The next seven chapters deal with interviewing, focus group interviewing, ethnographic field research, action research, unobtrusive measures in research, historiography and oral traditions, and case studies. (
  • All HEAL clinical pain research studies are required to collect a core group of common data elements composed of patient-reported outcomes for nine of the most important domains for pain. (
  • We conclude that explore the use of this feature can be useful and a significant contribution to scientific research in the field of psychology. (
  • We introduce the framework of qualitative optimization problems (or, simply, optimization problems) to represent preference theories. (
  • If we look back to 1989 we'll realise that the dominant paradigm in social science research in the USA was positivism. (
  • Members of the Policy Research Impact Working Group (PRIWG) identified qualitative key informant interviews as the method best suited to begin exploring the topic (13-16). (
  • This assumption is founded on the fact that the qualitative approach is focused on obtaining the investigator's views, opinions, and attitudes, which may be obtained through qualitative questionnaires, observations, interviews, or focus group discussions. (
  • Qualitative research is a data collection method where an investigator uses the participants' views, opinions, and views to understand a phenomenon or answer research questions. (
  • Drive your research process using the latest technologies and handle any research questions efficiently. (
  • This edition also seeks to demystify the research process. (
  • I believe that what makes the research process frightening for many is a fear of the unknown. (
  • In the qualitative approach, the epistemological approach insists that the investigator should not invent the respondents' views but should only attribute the view of the participants in relation to the world they hold for a clear understanding of the motives, reasons, and actions taken by the respondents. (
  • Consequently, a key epistemological assumption is that qualitative research provides a wealth of information in the participants' natural environment, void of manipulation but aimed at producing organic results. (
  • Finally, the subjective approach is another key assumption of a qualitative approach which argues that the approach is based on the participants' views, which are obtained through open questions. (
  • Finally, the interpretivist nature of qualitative research is another basic epistemological assumption that the investigator must focus on the cultural and historical settings of the participants. (
  • Developed separately with different chronic pain research participants, these two different maps point to similar challenges related to coverage gaps and uncoordinated care, lack of support, frustration with misinformation, and mental illness. (
  • Ethics committees and clinical staff must balance understandable concern about non-maleficence with the right of people with advanced illness to participate in research. (
  • Qualitative research seeks to develop explanations for social trends/events, thus encouraging detail and depth whilst creating openness (Bamberger, 2000). (
  • Determining adequate sample size in qualitative research is ultimately a matter of judgment and experience in evaluating the quality of the information collected against the uses to which it will be put, the particular research method and purposeful sampling strategy employed, and the research product intended. (
  • It gives them innovative, time-saving research tools and helps them deliver quality results on multiple levels. (
  • Quality appraisal of qualitative research is an important step in QES, and there have been a proliferation of tools for this purpose. (
  • Comprehensive knowledge of quantitative and qualitative research systematizes scholarly research and enhances the quality of research output. (
  • The Evidence-informed Policy Network (‎EVIPNet)‎ is an initiative of the World Health Organization (‎WHO)‎ that promotes the use of evidence from health research in policy- making. (
  • Initial items were generated inductively from guides to synthesizing qualitative health research. (
  • A thorough understanding of human behaviour and its interactions with the socio-cultural context is a key aspect of international health research. (
  • 11 Council on Health Research for Development (COHRED), Geneva, Switzerland. (
  • There is a growing international and regional interest in Health Research Systems (HRSs) in light of a global strategy for HRS stakeholders' (HRSSHs) active involvement. (
  • The role of academia and the Ministry of Health is vital but observed moderate in health research while that of international agencies is weak due to conflicting agendas and lack of a guiding body. (
  • Most universities have poor representation in public decision-making and scarcity in health research potential and capacity. (
  • The initial survey resulted in 242 citations and after the refinement of searches followed by application of the criteria for inclusion/exclusion of only four articles were selected, three articles published in "Qualitative Health Research" and one in "Social Science & Medicine. (
  • In addition IVONNE (2004) reasons that qualitative research gives brand new insights by providing differing ideas on current practices. (
  • With the Naomi Henderson Legacy Awards, Insights Association, QRCA and RIVA Market Research and Training Institute seek to support the next Naomi Hendersons now and future. (
  • Qualitative research provides a means to getting insights into unquantifiable facts and gain an in-depth understanding of the settings in which international health efforts takes place. (
  • The Awards celebrate two of Naomi's loves: the art of teaching and helping upskill people on how to moderate qualitative research whether through RIVA, at events and webinars, and on university campuses. (
  • In The Discovery of Grounded Theory, Barney Glaser and Anselm Strauss address the equally Important enterprise of how the discovery of theory from data--systematically obtained and analyzed in social research--can be furthered. (
  • In Part II, The Flexible Use of Data," the generation of theory from qualitative, especially documentary, and quantitative data Is considered. (
  • The Discovery of Grounded Theory is directed toward improving social scientists' capacity for generating theory that will be relevant to their research. (
  • Barney G. Glaser is the founder of the Grounded Theory Institute in Mill Valley, California, and has also been a research sociologist at the University of California Medical Center, San Francisco. (
  • L.H. Erbe "A survey of G. J. Butler's research in the qualitative theory of ordinary differential equations," Rocky Mountain Journal of Mathematics, Rocky Mountain J. Math. (
  • Epistemology in research is the theory of knowledge that deals with how information is gathered and from which sources this information is obtained. (
  • Further, the question will explore the key criticisms of hermeneutics (postmodernism) on the qualitative scientific approach and its implications. (
  • Some people facing death, however, may want to participate in research and should be allowed to do so. (
  • We explored issues relating to research conducted with people in the last months to the last days of life and in bereavement. (
  • For example, past qualitative research with focus groups of people experiencing chronic pain showed that in addition to pain relief, other factors were equally important, including the ability to enjoy life, emotional well-being - as well as fatigue, weakness, and sleep-related problems. (
  • Experiences of recovery and a new care pathway for people with pain after total knee replacement: qualitative research embedded in the STAR trial. (
  • 6 8 9 10 This was confirmed by a systematic literature review in which we identified only small numbers of publications related to the practicalities of conducting such research. (
  • The RIVA Training Institute fundamentally changed and elevated the field of qualitative market research. (
  • Question one navigates various epistemological assumptions that guide a qualitative investigation, while question two navigates paths that could be applied to evaluate qualitative research. (
  • Social constructivism is another epistemological assumption of a qualitative investigation. (

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