Nontuberculous Mycobacteria: So-called atypical species of the genus MYCOBACTERIUM that do not cause tuberculosis. They are also called tuberculoid bacilli, i.e.: M. buruli, M. chelonae, M. duvalii, M. flavescens, M. fortuitum, M. gilvum, M. gordonae, M. intracellulare (see MYCOBACTERIUM AVIUM COMPLEX;), M. kansasii, M. marinum, M. obuense, M. scrofulaceum, M. szulgai, M. terrae, M. ulcerans, M. xenopi.Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous: Infections with nontuberculous mycobacteria (atypical mycobacteria): M. kansasii, M. marinum, M. scrofulaceum, M. flavescens, M. gordonae, M. obuense, M. gilvum, M. duvali, M. szulgai, M. intracellulare (see MYCOBACTERIUM AVIUM COMPLEX;), M. xenopi (littorale), M. ulcerans, M. buruli, M. terrae, M. fortuitum (minetti, giae), M. chelonae.Mycobacterium Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus MYCOBACTERIUM.Mycobacterium kansasii: A slow-growing, photochromogenic species that is the etiologic agent of a tuberculosis-like disease in humans and is frequently isolated from human pulmonary secretions or tubercles. The incidence of infection is sharply increased among immunocompromised individuals. (Dorland, 28th ed)Mycobacterium: A genus of gram-positive, aerobic bacteria. Most species are free-living in soil and water, but the major habitat for some is the diseased tissue of warm-blooded hosts.Lung Diseases: Pathological processes involving any part of the LUNG.Mycobacterium tuberculosis: A species of gram-positive, aerobic bacteria that produces TUBERCULOSIS in humans, other primates, CATTLE; DOGS; and some other animals which have contact with humans. Growth tends to be in serpentine, cordlike masses in which the bacilli show a parallel orientation.Mycobacterium chelonae: A species of gram-positive, aerobic bacteria commonly found in soil and occasionally isolated from sputum. It causes postoperative wound infections as well as gluteal abscesses.Mycobacterium avium Complex: A complex that includes several strains of M. avium. M. intracellulare is not easily distinguished from M. avium and therefore is included in the complex. These organisms are most frequently found in pulmonary secretions from persons with a tuberculous-like mycobacteriosis. Strains of this complex have also been associated with childhood lymphadenitis and AIDS; M. avium alone causes tuberculosis in a variety of birds and other animals, including pigs.Mycobacterium fortuitum: A rapid-growing, nonphotochromogenic species that is potentially pathogenic, producing lesions of lung, bone, or soft tissue following trauma. It has been found in soil and in injection sites of humans, cattle, and cold-blooded animals. (Dorland, 28th ed)Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare Infection: A nontuberculous infection when occurring in humans. It is characterized by pulmonary disease, lymphadenitis in children, and systemic disease in AIDS patients. Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare infection of birds and swine results in tuberculosis.Mycobacterium marinum: A moderate-growing, photochromogenic species found in aquariums, diseased fish, and swimming pools. It is the cause of cutaneous lesions and granulomas (swimming pool granuloma) in humans. (Dorland, 28th ed)Lymphadenitis: Inflammation of the lymph nodes.Mycobacterium xenopi: A slow-growing, scotochromogenic species occurring usually harmlessly in human secretions but occasionally associated with chronic pulmonary disease. (Dorland, 28th ed)Mycobacterium avium: A bacterium causing tuberculosis in domestic fowl and other birds. In pigs, it may cause localized and sometimes disseminated disease. The organism occurs occasionally in sheep and cattle. It should be distinguished from the M. avium complex, which infects primarily humans.Mycobacterium scrofulaceum: A non-tuberculous mycobacterium causing cervical lymphadenitis in children. It very rarely causes pulmonary disease, and is believed to be non-pathogenic in animals.Sputum: Material coughed up from the lungs and expectorated via the mouth. It contains MUCUS, cellular debris, and microorganisms. It may also contain blood or pus.Mycobacterium bovis: The bovine variety of the tubercle bacillus. It is called also Mycobacterium tuberculosis var. bovis.Tuberculosis, Pulmonary: MYCOBACTERIUM infections of the lung.Mycobacterium haemophilum: A species of gram-positive, aerobic bacteria that causes granulomatous or ulcerating skin lesions in immunosuppressed persons. This organism owes its name to its requirement for growth of high levels of iron, conveniently supplied as blood, heme, or ferric ammonium citrate.Tuberculosis: Any of the infectious diseases of man and other animals caused by species of MYCOBACTERIUM.Skin Diseases, Bacterial: Skin diseases caused by bacteria.Mycobacterium smegmatis: A rapid-growing, nonphotochromogenic species of MYCOBACTERIUM originally isolated from human smegma and found also in soil and water. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Drinking Water: Water that is intended to be ingested.Bacteriological Techniques: Techniques used in studying bacteria.Nucleic Acid Probes: Nucleic acid which complements a specific mRNA or DNA molecule, or fragment thereof; used for hybridization studies in order to identify microorganisms and for genetic studies.DNA, Bacterial: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.Chaperonin 60: A group I chaperonin protein that forms the barrel-like structure of the chaperonin complex. It is an oligomeric protein with a distinctive structure of fourteen subunits, arranged in two rings of seven subunits each. The protein was originally studied in BACTERIA where it is commonly referred to as GroEL protein.Antitubercular Agents: Drugs used in the treatment of tuberculosis. They are divided into two main classes: "first-line" agents, those with the greatest efficacy and acceptable degrees of toxicity used successfully in the great majority of cases; and "second-line" drugs used in drug-resistant cases or those in which some other patient-related condition has compromised the effectiveness of primary therapy.Mycobacterium leprae: A species of gram-positive, aerobic bacteria that causes LEPROSY in man. Its organisms are generally arranged in clumps, rounded masses, or in groups of bacilli side by side.Water Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in water. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.Polymerase Chain Reaction: In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.RNA, Ribosomal, 16S: Constituent of 30S subunit prokaryotic ribosomes containing 1600 nucleotides and 21 proteins. 16S rRNA is involved in initiation of polypeptide synthesis.Bacterial Proteins: Proteins found in any species of bacterium.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Tuberculin Test: One of several skin tests to determine past or present tuberculosis infection. A purified protein derivative of the tubercle bacilli, called tuberculin, is introduced into the skin by scratch, puncture, or interdermal injection.Immunocompetence: The ability of lymphoid cells to mount a humoral or cellular immune response when challenged by antigen.Clarithromycin: A semisynthetic macrolide antibiotic derived from ERYTHROMYCIN that is active against a variety of microorganisms. It can inhibit PROTEIN SYNTHESIS in BACTERIA by reversibly binding to the 50S ribosomal subunits. This inhibits the translocation of aminoacyl transfer-RNA and prevents peptide chain elongation.Antigens, Bacterial: Substances elaborated by bacteria that have antigenic activity.Culture Media: Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.Molecular Diagnostic Techniques: MOLECULAR BIOLOGY techniques used in the diagnosis of disease.Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length: Variation occurring within a species in the presence or length of DNA fragment generated by a specific endonuclease at a specific site in the genome. Such variations are generated by mutations that create or abolish recognition sites for these enzymes or change the length of the fragment.Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis: A subspecies of gram-positive, aerobic bacteria. It is the etiologic agent of Johne's disease (PARATUBERCULOSIS), a chronic GASTROENTERITIS in RUMINANTS.Bacterial Typing Techniques: Procedures for identifying types and strains of bacteria. The most frequently employed typing systems are BACTERIOPHAGE TYPING and SEROTYPING as well as bacteriocin typing and biotyping.Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Water Supply: Means or process of supplying water (as for a community) usually including reservoirs, tunnels, and pipelines and often the watershed from which the water is ultimately drawn. (Webster, 3d ed)Anti-Bacterial Agents: Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Microbial Sensitivity Tests: Any tests that demonstrate the relative efficacy of different chemotherapeutic agents against specific microorganisms (i.e., bacteria, fungi, viruses).Immunocompromised Host: A human or animal whose immunologic mechanism is deficient because of an immunodeficiency disorder or other disease or as the result of the administration of immunosuppressive drugs or radiation.Reagent Kits, Diagnostic: Commercially prepared reagent sets, with accessory devices, containing all of the major components and literature necessary to perform one or more designated diagnostic tests or procedures. They may be for laboratory or personal use.Cystic Fibrosis: An autosomal recessive genetic disease of the EXOCRINE GLANDS. It is caused by mutations in the gene encoding the CYSTIC FIBROSIS TRANSMEMBRANE CONDUCTANCE REGULATOR expressed in several organs including the LUNG, the PANCREAS, the BILIARY SYSTEM, and the SWEAT GLANDS. Cystic fibrosis is characterized by epithelial secretory dysfunction associated with ductal obstruction resulting in AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION; chronic RESPIRATORY INFECTIONS; PANCREATIC INSUFFICIENCY; maldigestion; salt depletion; and HEAT PROSTRATION.Mycobacterium ulcerans: A slow-growing mycobacterium that infects the skin and subcutaneous tissues, giving rise to indolent BURULI ULCER.Mycobacterium phlei: A saprophytic bacterium widely distributed in soil and dust and on plants.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Ethambutol: An antitubercular agent that inhibits the transfer of mycolic acids into the cell wall of the tubercle bacillus. It may also inhibit the synthesis of spermidine in mycobacteria. The action is usually bactericidal, and the drug can penetrate human cell membranes to exert its lethal effect. (From Smith and Reynard, Textbook of Pharmacology, 1992, p863)DNA, Ribosomal: DNA sequences encoding RIBOSOMAL RNA and the segments of DNA separating the individual ribosomal RNA genes, referred to as RIBOSOMAL SPACER DNA.Isoniazid: Antibacterial agent used primarily as a tuberculostatic. It remains the treatment of choice for tuberculosis.Clofazimine: A fat-soluble riminophenazine dye used for the treatment of leprosy. It has been used investigationally in combination with other antimycobacterial drugs to treat Mycobacterium avium infections in AIDS patients. Clofazimine also has a marked anti-inflammatory effect and is given to control the leprosy reaction, erythema nodosum leprosum. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1993, p1619)BCG Vaccine: An active immunizing agent and a viable avirulent attenuated strain of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, var. bovis, which confers immunity to mycobacterial infections. It is used also in immunotherapy of neoplasms due to its stimulation of antibodies and non-specific immunity.Mycolic AcidsRifampin: A semisynthetic antibiotic produced from Streptomyces mediterranei. It has a broad antibacterial spectrum, including activity against several forms of Mycobacterium. In susceptible organisms it inhibits DNA-dependent RNA polymerase activity by forming a stable complex with the enzyme. It thus suppresses the initiation of RNA synthesis. Rifampin is bactericidal, and acts on both intracellular and extracellular organisms. (From Gilman et al., Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 9th ed, p1160)Tuberculosis, Lymph Node: Infection of the lymph nodes by tuberculosis. Tuberculous infection of the cervical lymph nodes is scrofula.Bronchiectasis: Persistent abnormal dilatation of the bronchi.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Baths: The immersion or washing of the body or any of its parts in water or other medium for cleansing or medical treatment. It includes bathing for personal hygiene as well as for medical purposes with the addition of therapeutic agents, such as alkalines, antiseptics, oil, etc.Mycobacterium lepraemurium: The etiologic agent of rat leprosy, also known as murine leprosy.Rifabutin: A broad-spectrum antibiotic that is being used as prophylaxis against disseminated Mycobacterium avium complex infection in HIV-positive patients.
... the causative agent of whooping cough and nontuberculous mycobacteria. Aspiration of ammonia and other toxic gases, pulmonary ... Updated: Oct 13, 2015 Miller, JC (2006). "Pulmonary Mycobacterium Avium-Intracellular Infections in Women". Radiology Rounds. 4 ... "Nontuberculous mycobacteria in bronchiectasis: prevalence and patient characteristics". European Respiratory Journal. 28 (5): ... It is classified as an obstructive lung disease, along with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma. The diagnosis is ...
... (NTM) are all the other mycobacteria which can cause pulmonary disease resembling tuberculosis, ... Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM), also known as environmental mycobacteria, atypical mycobacteria and mycobacteria other than ... pulmonary infections are most commonly due to Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC), Mycobacterium kansasii, and Mycobacterium ... Pulmonary NTM disease diagnosis requires both identification of the mycobacterium in the patient's lung(s) as well as a high ...
Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are all the other mycobacteria, which can cause pulmonary disease resembling tuberculosis, ... 2013 A Systems Level Comparison of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Mycobacterium leprae and Mycobacterium smegmatis Based on ... Structures of Mycobacterium tuberculosis proteins MycDB: Mycobacterium database TBDB: Tuberculosis database Mycobacterium ... Diagnosis and Treatment of Disease Caused by Nontuberculous Mycobacteria. American Thoracic Society. Am J Respiratory and ...
Johnson & Odell (2014); Nontuberculous mycobacterial pulmonary infections. J Thorac Dis.; 6(3): 210-220. PMCID: 3949190 Linmans ... Mycobacterium abscessus complex (MABSC) is a group of rapidly growing, multidrug-resistant non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) ... 1992). "Proposal of Mycobacterium peregrinum sp. nov., nom. rev., and elevation of Mycobacterium chelonae subsp. abscessus ( ... "Pulmonary Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Disease, Ontario, Canada, 1998-2010". Emerging Infectious Diseases. 19 (11). doi:10.3201 ...
... is a nontuberculous species of the phylum actinobacteria (Gram-positive bacteria with high guanine and ... Pulmonary infections of M. fortuitum are uncommon, but Mycobacterium fortuitum can cause local skin disease, osteomyelitis ( ... Mycobacterium fortuitum is one of the many species of nontuberculosis mycobacteria (NTM) that are commonly found in the ... Bacteria classified as Mycobacteria, include the causative agents for tuberculosis and leprosy. Mycobacteria are sometimes ...
... one with nontuberculous mycobacteria or NTM, caused by Mycobacterium avium complex ("MAC"), which is made of three mycobacteria ... Reich JM, Johnson RE (June 1992). "Mycobacterium avium complex pulmonary disease presenting as an isolated lingular or middle ... The Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) includes common atypical bacteria, i.e. nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM), found in the ... Mycobacterium avium complex is the most commonly found form of non-tuberculous mycobacteria. Immunodeficiency is not a ...
Girón RM, Domingo D, Buendía B, Antón E, Ruiz-Velasco LM, Ancochea J (October 2005). "Nontuberculous mycobacteria in patients ... March 2010). "Cystic Fibrosis Pulmonary Guidelines: Pulmonary Complications: Hemoptysis and Pneumthorax". Am J Respir Crit Care ... Pulmonary rehabilitation as a management of CF continues throughout a person's life, and is aimed at maximizing organ function ... It is not known if this type of therapy has an impact on pulmonary exacerbations or disease progression. It is not known what ...
"British Thoracic Society guidelines for the management of non-tuberculous mycobacterial pulmonary disease (NTM-PD)". Thorax. 72 ... Mycobacterium avium complex is a group of mycobacteria comprising Mycobacterium intracellulare and Mycobacterium avium that are ... is part of the group of nontuberculous mycobacteria. These bacteria cause disease in humans called Mycobacterium avium- ... Pathogenic mycobacteria. Advances in Tuberculosis Research, 14, 235-287. *^ "Mycobacterium Avium Complex. MAI; MAC Information" ...
... according to the Runyon classification of Non-Tuberculous Mycobacteria. If grown in a lighted incubator, most strains form dark ... Chronic human pulmonary disease resembling tuberculosis (involvement of the upper lobe). Extrapulmonary infections, (cervical ... Mycobacterium kansasii is a bacterium in the Mycobacterium family. The genus includes species known to cause serious diseases ... ISBN 0-7216-2921-0. "Mycobacterium kansasii". NCBI Taxonomy Browser. 1768. Type strain of Mycobacterium kansasii at BacDive - ...
... this group in turn is part of the group of nontuberculous mycobacteria. These bacteria cause disease in humans called ... MAC infection can cause chronic pulmonary disease, lymphadenitis, and can cause disseminated disease, especially in people with ... Mycobacterium avium complex is a group of mycobacteria comprising Mycobacterium intracellulare, Mycobacterium avium, and ... Type strain of Mycobacterium intracellulare at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase Type strain of Mycobacterium ...
On these bases, the nontuberculous mycobacteria are divided into four groups: The first three groups are classified as "Slowly ... Runyon EH (January 1959). "Anonymous mycobacteria in pulmonary disease". The Medical clinics of North America. 43 (1): 273-90. ... Mycobacterium fortuitum, Mycobacterium peregrinum, Mycobacterium abscessus, Mycobacterium chelonae, Mycobacterium ... The group includes Mycobacterium kansasii, Mycobacterium marinum, Mycobacterium asiaticum, and Mycobacterium simiae. ...
Interference by nontuberculous mycobacteria: Exposure to environmental mycobacteria (especially M. avium, M. marinum and M. ... BCG is very efficacious against tuberculous meningitis in the pediatric age group, but its efficacy against pulmonary ... and Robert Koch first distinguished Mycobacterium bovis from Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Following the success of vaccination ... In this study, the UK school children had a low baseline cellular immunity to mycobacteria which was increased by BCG; in ...
Because these antigens are only present in few non-tuberculous mycobacteria or not in any BCG vaccine strain, these tests are ... In active pulmonary TB, infiltrates or consolidations and/or cavities are often seen in the upper lungs with or without ... Other mycobacteria are also acid-fast. If the smear is positive, PCR or gene probe tests can distinguish M. tuberculosis from ... However, chest radiographs may be used to rule out the possibility of pulmonary TB in a person who has a positive reaction to ...
Mycobacterium tuberculosis: a once genetically intractable organism. In Molecular Genetics of the Mycobacteria, ed. GF Hatfull ... Cater, J. C.; Redmond, W. B. (1963). "Mycobacterial phages isolated from stool specimens of patients with pulmonary disease". ... MANKIEWICZ, E. (1961). "Mycobacteriophages isolated from Persons with Tuberculous and Non-tuberculous Conditions". Nature. 191 ... While originally isolated from the bacterial species Mycobacterium smegmatis and Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the causative ...
"Molecular Detection and Identification of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Complex and Four Clinically Important Nontuberculous ... Cudahy, Patrick; Shenoi, Sheela V. (2016-04-01). "Diagnostics for pulmonary tuberculosis". Postgraduate Medical Journal. 92 ( ... Mycobacterium tuberculosis is an obligate pathogenic bacterial species in the family Mycobacteriaceae and the causative agent ... ISBN 0-83-858529-9. Fu, L. M.; Fu-Liu, C. S. (2002-01-01). "Is Mycobacterium tuberculosis a closer relative to Gram-positive or ...
Mycobacterium kansasii)。後兩者被歸為非结核性分枝杆菌(NTM)(英语:Nontuberculous mycobacteria)。非结核性分枝杆菌既不能引起結核病也不能引起痲瘋病,但其感染會導致相似於結核病的肺部疾病[40]。 ... Genetic Biodiversity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Complex Strains from Patients with Pulmonary Tuberculosis in Cameroon. ... 结核分枝杆菌复合群(MTBC)包括其
Niobe-Eyangoh SN (2003.). "Genetic Biodiversity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Complex Strains from Patients with Pulmonary ... American Thoracic Society (1997.). "Diagnosis and treatment of disease caused by nontuberculous mycobacteria. This official ... Skupina M. tuberculosis (MTBC) obuhvaća još četiri mikobakterije: Mycobacterium bovis, Mycobacterium africanum, Mycobacterium ... Druge patogene mikobakterije su Mycobacterium leprae, Mycobacterium avium, i Mycobacterium kansasii. Posljednje dvije se ...
American Thoracic Society (1997). "Diagnosis and treatment of disease caused by nontuberculous mycobacteria. This official ... 2003). "Genetic Biodiversity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Complex Strains from Patients with Pulmonary Tuberculosis in ... "Pulmonary tuberculosis due to Mycobacterium microti: a study of six recent cases in France.". Journal of medical microbiology ... Textbook of pulmonary and critical care medicine. New Delhi: Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers. s. 549. ISBN 978-93-5025-073-0 ...
American Thoracic Society (1997). "Diagnosis and treatment of disease caused by nontuberculous mycobacteria. This official ... "Pulmonary tuberculosis due to Mycobacterium microti: a study of six recent cases in France.". Journal of medical microbiology. ... Skupina M. tuberculosis (MTBC) obuhvaća još četiri mikobakterije: Mycobacterium bovis, Mycobacterium africanum, Mycobacterium ... Druge patogene mikobakterije su Mycobacterium leprae, Mycobacterium avium, i Mycobacterium kansasii. Posljednje dvije se ...
Panteix, G (2010 Aug). "Pulmonary tuberculosis due to Mycobacterium microti: a study of six recent cases in France". Journal of ... American Thoracic Society (1997). "Diagnosis and treatment of disease caused by nontuberculous mycobacteria. This official ... "Genetic Biodiversity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Complex Strains from Patients with Pulmonary Tuberculosis in Cameroon". J. ... Textbook of pulmonary and critical care medicine. New Delhi: Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers. hlm. 549. ISBN 978-93-5025-073 ...
... immune reactivity to nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM), and a prior positive TST. In addition to the multicenter study, two ... Pulmonary Medicine. 2012: 1-7. doi:10.1155/2012/291294. Behrman, A; Buchta, WG; Budnick, LD; Hodgson, MJ; Raymond, LW; Russi, M ... False positive results can occur with Mycobacterium szulgai, Mycobacterium kansasii, and Mycobacterium marinum. On 10/10/2007 ... but can also be caused by infection with non-tuberculous mycobacteria. A negative IGRA does not rule out active TB disease; a ...
Griffith AS and Munro WT (1944). "Human pulmonary tuberculosis of bovine origin in Great Britain". J Hyg. 43 (4): 229-40. doi: ... Mycobacteria (including Nontuberculous). Slowly growing. (R1P=photochromogenic;. R2S=scotochromogenic;. R3N=nonchromogenic). ... Mycobacterium bovis. Karlson & Lessel 1970,[1] ATCC 19210. Mycobacterium bovis (M. bovis) is a slow-growing (16- to 20-hour ... Mycobacterium bovis can be transmitted from human to human; there was an outbreak in Birmingham, England in 2004,[33] and from ...
Diagnosis and treatment of disease caused by nontuberculous mycobacteria. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care ... Genetic biodiversity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex strains from persons with pulmonary tuberculosis in Cameroon. ... Dalšími známými zástupci z rodu Mycobacterium jsou M. leprae, komplex Mycobacterium avium a M. kansasii. Poslední dvě zmíněné ... Podrobnější informace naleznete v článku Mycobacterium tuberculosis.. Hlavním původcem tuberkulózy, Mycobacterium tuberculosis ...
2005). "Tuberculosis, nontuberculous lung infection, pleural disorders, pulmonary function, respiratory muscles, occupational ... and TB Prevention Nontuberculous mycobacteria Overcrowding Philip D'Arcy Hart Tuberculosis in history and art UNITAID ... other diseases caused by mycobacteria Latent tuberculosis List of tuberculosis victims Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Structural ... 3]. Around 80% of all TB cases are related to pulmonary or lung. Common symptoms include: coughing that lasts longer than 3 ...
Patients may also develop pulmonary alveolar proteinosis without mutations in the granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating ... This syndrome is characterized by an increased susceptibility to disseminated nontuberculous mycobacterial infections, viral ... "Autosomal dominant and sporadic monocytopenia with susceptibility to mycobacteria, fungi, papillomaviruses, and myelodysplasia ... pulmonary alveolar proteinosis and myeloid leukemias. Multiple mutations in the GATA2 are considered to be responsible for this ...
"Diagnosis and treatment of disease caused by nontuberculous mycobacteria. This official statement of the American Thoracic ... "Genetic biodiversity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex strains from patients with pulmonary tuberculosis in Cameroon". J. ... மைக்கோபாக்டீரியம் கனெட்டி (Mycobacterium canetti),. *மைக்கோபாக்டீரியம் மைக்குரோட்டி (Mycobacterium microti) முதலான ... Mycobacterium leprae தொழுநோயை உருவாக்கும் வல்லமை கொண்டது. Mycobacterium avium, M. kansasii ஆகிய இரண்டும் காசநோயை உருவாக்காத ...
M xenopi, a slow-growing, nontuberculous mycobacterium, is often considered to be a saprophyte or an environmental contaminant. ... Researchers first described Mycobacterium xenopi in 1959 after isolating it from skin lesions of the South African toad Xenopus ... Review of pulmonary Mycobacterium xenopi infection cases: 11 cases of our own and 18 other cases reported in Japan]. Kekkaku. ... Mycobacterium xenopi, Mycobacterium fortuitum, Mycobacterium kansasii, and other nontuberculous mycobacteria in an area of ...
Mycobacterium haemophilum is a slowly growing acid-fast bacillus (AFB) belonging to the group of nontuberculous mycobacteria ( ... Disseminated and pulmonary infections occasionally occur. The second at-risk group is otherwise healthy children, who typically ... Clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and treatment of Mycobacterium haemophilum infections. Journal. Clinical microbiology ... mycobacterium-specific fragment with subsequent sequencing to identify M. haemophilum. No standard treatment guidelines are ...
Mycobacterium fortuitum is a nontuberculous species of the phylum actinobacteria (Gram-positive bacteria with high guanine and ... Pulmonary infections of M. fortuitum are uncommon, but Mycobacterium fortuitum can cause local skin disease, osteomyelitis ( ... Mycobacterium fortuitum is one of the many species of nontuberculosis mycobacteria (NTM) that are commonly found in the ... Bacteria classified as Mycobacteria, include the causative agents for tuberculosis and leprosy. Mycobacteria are sometimes ...
The Incidence of Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Pulmonary Infection in Bilateral Bronchiectasis and Bronchiolitis. Unknown status ... it belongs to a group of bacteria, known as nontuberculous mycobacterium, as it is different from the mycobacterium that causes ... Wikipedia : 71 Mycobacterium fortuitum is a nontuberculous species of the phylum actinobacteria (Gram-positive bacteria... more ... Pulmonary Mycobacterium fortuitum infection with cervical lymphadenitis in a patient carrying autoantibodies to interferon-I ...
Prevalence and Characteristics of Patients With Bronchiectasis Comorbid Nontuberculous Mycobacteria Aetiology of Children With ... Pulmonary Rehabilitation in Non Cystic Fibrosis Bronchiectasis Therapy of Bronchoalveolar Lavage and Local Amikacin Injection ... Current cigarette smoking - Active allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis - Diagnosis of tuberculosis or active non-tuberculous ... Pulmonary Rehabilitation in Non-Cystic Fibrosis Bronchiectasis Metabolomic Analysis of Exhaled Breath Condensates in Patients ...
Update on pulmonary disease due to non-tuberculous mycobacteria.. Stout JE1, Koh WJ2, Yew WW3. ... Non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are emerging worldwide as significant causes of chronic pulmonary infection, posing a number ... Mycobacterium abscessus), others (e.g., Mycobacterium malmoense, Mycobacterium xenopi) are regionally important. Thoracic ... Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University ...
NTM increases were driven exclusively by pulmonary isolates and disease. ... from pulmonary sites comprised 96% of species/patient combinations isolated; annual rates of isolation and cases increased ... Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) cause pulmonary and nonpulmonary disease, but most isolates and disease cases are pulmonary ( ... Prevalence of pulmonary and nonpulmonary nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) isolation and pulmonary NTM disease in Ontario, ...
We report a case of pulmonary infection caused by Mycobacterium hassiacum in an immunocompetent patient in Austria who had ... chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Antimicrobial drug susceptibility testing showed low MICs for macrolides, ... The clinical relevance of newly described nontuberculous mycobacteria is often unclear. ... Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Pulmonary Disease from Mycobacterium hassiacum, Austria On This Page Research Letter Cite This ...
Mycobacterium abscessus, Mycobacterium avium, Non-tuberculous mycobacteria, Pulmonary disease. Resource Type CF Research News ...
Mycobacterium intracellulare in two patients, Mycobacterium avium + Mycobacterium kansasii in one, Mycobacterium intracellulare ... Mycobacterium chelonae in one, Mycobacterium intracellulare + Mycobacterium abscessus in one, and Mycobacterium intracellulare ... Six patients (3.8%) were coincidental pulmonary infection due to two Mycobacterium species. We investigated the background, ... Although most patients were elderly with underlying disease and clinical features were compatible with pulmonary Mycobacterium ...
M. abscessus-chelonae group (1010, 49.9%) was the most commonly isolated and implicated in pulmonary NTM disease. Pulmonary ... Pulmonary NTM infection has the highest frequency with male and female patients associated with a higher incidence of COPD and ... Male patients were older (68.5 years, P = 0.014) with a higher incidence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (23.6 ... This study aimed to delineate epidemiological and clinical features of pulmonary NTM disease. A retrospective review was ...
Here we report the incidence of NTM isolation in EW&NI between 2007 and 2012 from both pulmonary and extra-pulmonary samples ... were pulmonary, in whom incidence increased from 4.0/100,000 to 6.1/100,000 (p < 0.001). In extra-pulmonary specimens this fell ... Pulmonary MAC in older individuals is responsible for the majority of this change. We are limited to reporting NTM isolates and ... The incidence of pulmonary MAC increased from 1.3/100,000 to 2.2/100,000 (p < 0.001). The majority of these individuals were ...
The risk factors for developing of chronic pulmonary aspergillosis in nontuberculous mycobacteria patients and clinical ... Recently, the number of patients with CPA complicated by nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) has increased. Additionally, ... characteristics and outcomes in chronic pulmonary aspergillosis patients coinfected with nontuberculous mycobacteria. ... Patients with chronic pulmonary aspergillosis (CPA) have a poor prognosis and CPA occurs in patients with various underlying ...
Baseline time point was defined as the first positive sputum culture for NTM; symptoms, pulmonary function, and radiology ... Antibiotic therapy against non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) is prolonged and can be associated with toxicity. We sought to ... Glassroth J (2008) Pulmonary disease due to nontuberculous mycobacteria. Chest 133: 243-251. ... Prevots DR, Marras TK (2015) Epidemiology of human pulmonary infection with nontuberculous mycobacteria: a review. Clin Chest ...
ICS users may be at greater risk for nontuberculous mycobacteria pulmonary disease Patients with obstructive lung disease who ... Nontuberculous mycobacteria are part of a group of bacteria called mycobacteria. The non-tuberculous mycobacteria are, as the ... Researchers develop new method to accurately identify nontuberculous mycobacteria The bacterial genus Mycobacterium has the ... may be at greater risk for nontuberculous mycobacteria pulmonary disease (NTM PD), according to new research presented at the ...
Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are environmental organisms that colonize or infect lung transplant recipients. Due to ... A Registry for Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Pulmonary Disease. Background: NTM(Nontuberculous mycobacteria) pulmonary disease ... Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous. Infections with nontuberculous mycobacteria (atypical mycobacteria): M. kansasii, M. ... Pulmonary or extrapulmonary infection caused by MYCOBACTERIUM TUBERCULOSIS or nontuberculous mycobacteria in a patient with ...
... pulmonary disease (PD) and NTM pulmonary isolation (PI), from the healthcare payer perspective, we conducted a population-based ... To determine incidence-based healthcare costs attributable to nontuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) ... nontuberculous mycobacteria pulmonary disease; NTM-PI, nontuberculous mycobacteria pulmonary isolation. ... Costs Associated with Nontuberculous Mycobacteria Infection, Ontario, Canada, 2001-2012 Lauren C. Ramsay. , Emily Shing, John ...
Pulmonary nontuberculous mycobacteria in men with bronchiectasis",. abstract = "Pulmonary nontuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) ... keywords = "Atypical mycobacteria, Bronchiectasis, Kyphoscoliosis, Nontuberculous mycobacteria, Pectus excavatum, Pulmonary ... Pulmonary nontuberculous mycobacteria in men with bronchiectasis. Together they form a unique fingerprint. * Nontuberculous ... Lady Windermeres counterpart? Pulmonary nontuberculous mycobacteria in men with bronchiectasis. Jennifer H. Ku, Gregory ...
Nontuberculous Mycobacterium, Myobacterium and Mixed Pulmonary Infections: A Case Report Article Sidebar. ... Nontuberculous Mycobacterium, Myobacterium and Mixed Pulmonary Infections: A Case Report. BKK Med J [Internet]. 2015Feb.20 [ ... Nontuberculous mycobacteria in the environment. Clin Chest Med 2002;23:529-51.. 7. Chan ED, Iseman MD. Slender, older women ... 4. Gopinath K, Singh S. Non-tuberculous mycobacteria in TB-endemic countries: are we neglecting the danger?. PLoS Negl Trop Dis ...
Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are all the other mycobacteria which can cause pulmonary disease resembling tuberculosis, ... Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM), also known as environmental mycobacteria, atypical mycobacteria and mycobacteria other than ... pulmonary infections are most commonly due to Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC), Mycobacterium kansasii, and Mycobacterium ... Pulmonary NTM disease diagnosis requires both identification of the mycobacterium in the patients lung(s) as well as a high ...
... may be at greater risk for nontuberculous mycobacteria pulmonary disease (NTM PD), according to new research presented at the ... IMAGE: Study shows inhaled corticosteroids increases risk for nontuberculous mycobacteria pulmonary disease. view more ... may be at greater risk for nontuberculous mycobacteria pulmonary disease (NTM PD), according to new research presented at the ... Session: D94 Non-Tuberculous Mycobacteria: Organism and Host Wednesday, May 18, 2016, 3?3:15 p.m. Location: Room 3020/3022 ( ...
Introduction Non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are often isolated in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD ... P83 Non-tuberculous Mycobacteria In Patients With Copd - Frequently Poor Outcomes Despite Treatment ... P83 Non-tuberculous Mycobacteria In Patients With Copd - Frequently Poor Outcomes Despite Treatment ...
HIV/tuberculosis coinfection; Xpert MTB/RIF; nontuberculous mycobacteria; respiratory isolation; tuberculosis diagnosis ... Section of Pulmonary Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Ben Taub General Hospital, Houston, Texas.. ... Evaluation of Xpert MTB/RIF Versus AFB Smear and Culture to Identify Pulmonary Tuberculosis in Patients With Suspected ... Evaluation of Xpert MTB/RIF Versus AFB Smear and Culture to Identify Pulmonary Tuberculosis in Patients With Suspected ...
Mycobacterium tuberculosis leads to the onset of tuberculosis in humans. Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are a species in the ... mycobacteria group that could precipitate illness, but not tuberculosis (TB). ... There are two versions of TB, pulmonary TB (PTB) and extrapulmonary TB (EPTB). PTB is the most often occurring condition. EPTB ... Mycobacterium tuberculosis leads to the onset of tuberculosis in humans. Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are a species in the ...
  • The term "fast growing" is a reference to a growth rate of 3 or 4 days, when compared to other Mycobacteria that may take weeks to grow out on laboratory media. (wikipedia.org)
  • While a number of studies worldwide have described an increasing prevalence of NTM pulmonary disease over time, population-based data are relatively sparse and subject to ascertainment bias. (nih.gov)
  • Dr. Jennings is a specialist in Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • Dr. Cohen is a specialist in Pulmonary and Critical care Medicine. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • He completed his internship and residency in internal medicine at the United States Air Force Keesler Medical Center in Biloxi, MS, and a fellowship in pulmonary and critical care medicine at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. (nih.gov)
  • Daniel Culver, DO , is a staff physician in the Department of Pulmonary, Allergy and Critical Care Medicine at Cleveland Clinic's Main Campus. (clevelandclinic.org)