The activities and endeavors of the public health services in a community on any level.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of public health.
Education and training in PUBLIC HEALTH for the practice of the profession.
Management of public health organizations or agencies.
An agency of the UNITED STATES PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE that conducts and supports programs for the prevention and control of disease and provides consultation and assistance to health departments and other countries.
Organized groups serving in advisory capacities related to health planning activities.
Administrative units of government responsible for policy making and management of governmental activities.
The systematic application of information and computer sciences to public health practice, research, and learning.
Educational programs designed to ensure that students attain prespecified levels of competence in a given field or training activity. Emphasis is on achievement or specified objectives.
Disciplines concerned with the study of human and animal behavior.
Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.
Field of medicine concerned with the determination of causes, incidence, and characteristic behavior of disease outbreaks affecting human populations. It includes the interrelationships of host, agent, and environment as related to the distribution and control of disease.
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
The use of biological agents in TERRORISM. This includes the malevolent use of BACTERIA; VIRUSES; or other BIOLOGICAL TOXINS against people, ANIMALS; or PLANTS.
The interactions between representatives of institutions, agencies, or organizations.
The level of governmental organization and function below that of the national or country-wide government.
The purposes, missions, and goals of an individual organization or its units, established through administrative processes. It includes an organization's long-range plans and administrative philosophy.
Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
The capability to perform the duties of one's profession generally, or to perform a particular professional task, with skill of an acceptable quality.
Variation in rates of disease occurrence and disabilities between population groups defined by socioeconomic characteristics such as age, ethnicity, economic resources, or gender and populations identified geographically or similar measures.
The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.
An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)
The circulation or wide dispersal of information.
A medical specialty concerned with the provision of continuing, comprehensive primary health care for the entire family.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.
The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.
Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.
A course of study offered by an educational institution.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
A nursing specialty concerned with promoting and protecting the health of populations, using knowledge from nursing, social, and public health sciences to develop local, regional, state, and national health policy and research. It is population-focused and community-oriented, aimed at health promotion and disease prevention through educational, diagnostic, and preventive programs.
The science of controlling or modifying those conditions, influences, or forces surrounding man which relate to promoting, establishing, and maintaining health.
Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.
Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)
Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.
The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.
Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.
Men and women working in the provision of health services, whether as individual practitioners or employees of health institutions and programs, whether or not professionally trained, and whether or not subject to public regulation. (From A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)
Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.
The state wherein the person is well adjusted.
Preferentially rated health-related activities or functions to be used in establishing health planning goals. This may refer specifically to PL93-641.
Planning that has the goals of improving health, improving accessibility to health services, and promoting efficiency in the provision of services and resources on a comprehensive basis for a whole community. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988, p299)
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Planning for needed health and/or welfare services and facilities.
The discipline concerned with using the combination of conventional ALLOPATHIC MEDICINE and ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE to address the biological, psychological, social, and spiritual aspects of health and illness.
Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.
Patterns of practice related to diagnosis and treatment as especially influenced by cost of the service requested and provided.
The state of the organism when it functions optimally without evidence of disease.
The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.
Organized services to provide mental health care.
The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.
The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Health services, public or private, in rural areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.
Psychoanalytic theory focusing on interpretation of behavior in reference to self. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Terms, 1994) This elaboration of the psychoanalytic concepts of narcissism and the self, was developed by Heinz Kohut, and stresses the importance of the self-awareness of excessive needs for approval and self-gratification.
A constituent organization of the DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES concerned with protecting and improving the health of the nation.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)
Services for the diagnosis and treatment of disease and the maintenance of health.
Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.
Systematic identification of a population's needs or the assessment of individuals to determine the proper level of services needed.
A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.
Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.
The optimal state of the mouth and normal functioning of the organs of the mouth without evidence of disease.
The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.
Patient-based medical care provided across age and gender or specialty boundaries.
The use of one's knowledge in a particular profession. It includes, in the case of the field of biomedicine, professional activities related to health care and the actual performance of the duties related to the provision of health care.
Components of a national health care system which administer specific services, e.g., national health insurance.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive health services provided for individuals in the community.
The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
A sultanate on the southeast coast of the Arabian peninsula. Its capital is Masqat. Before the 16th century it was ruled by independent emirs but was captured and controlled by the Portuguese 1508-1648. In 1741 it was recovered by a descendent of Yemen's imam. After its decline in the 19th century, it became virtually a political and economic dependency within the British Government of India, retaining close ties with Great Britain by treaty from 1939 to 1970 when it achieved autonomy. The name was recorded by Pliny in the 1st century A.D. as Omana, said to be derived from the founder of the state, Oman ben Ibrahim al-Khalil. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p890; Oman Embassy, Washington; Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p391)
A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.
The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.
The bond or lack thereof between a pregnant woman and her FETUS.
The status of health in rural populations.
The status of health in urban populations.
A health care system which combines physicians, hospitals, and other medical services with a health plan to provide the complete spectrum of medical care for its customers. In a fully integrated system, the three key elements - physicians, hospital, and health plan membership - are in balance in terms of matching medical resources with the needs of purchasers and patients. (Coddington et al., Integrated Health Care: Reorganizing the Physician, Hospital and Health Plan Relationship, 1994, p7)
Education which increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of dental health on a personal or community basis.
Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)
Planning for the equitable allocation, apportionment, or distribution of available health resources.
A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.
Disciplines concerned with the interrelationships of individuals in a social environment including social organizations and institutions. Includes Sociology and Anthropology.
The organization and operation of the business aspects of a physician's practice.
Practice of a health profession by an individual, offering services on a person-to-person basis, as opposed to group or partnership practice.
Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).
Economic sector concerned with the provision, distribution, and consumption of health care services and related products.
The practice of personal hygiene of the mouth. It includes the maintenance of oral cleanliness, tissue tone, and general preservation of oral health.
Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. The concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.
Procedures outlined for the care of casualties and the maintenance of services in disasters.
The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of women.
Communication, in the sense of cross-fertilization of ideas, involving two or more academic disciplines (such as the disciplines that comprise the cross-disciplinary field of bioethics, including the health and biological sciences, the humanities, and the social sciences and law). Also includes problems in communication stemming from differences in patterns of language usage in different academic or medical disciplines.
Institutions which provide medical or health-related services.
Organized services to provide health care for children.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.
An infant during the first month after birth.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
Planning for health resources at a regional or multi-state level.
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.
Services designed for HEALTH PROMOTION and prevention of disease.
Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.
Degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions.
The availability of HEALTH PERSONNEL. It includes the demand and recruitment of both professional and allied health personnel, their present and future supply and distribution, and their assignment and utilization.
A way of providing health care that is guided by a thoughtful integration of the best available scientific knowledge with clinical expertise. This approach allows the practitioner to critically assess research data, clinical guidelines, and other information resources in order to correctly identify the clinical problem, apply the most high-quality intervention, and re-evaluate the outcome for future improvement.
Facilities which administer the delivery of health care services to people living in a community or neighborhood.
A dental specialty concerned with the prevention of disease and the maintenance of oral health through promoting organized dental health programs at a community, state, or federal level.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
The decision process by which individuals, groups or institutions establish policies pertaining to plans, programs or procedures.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
All deaths reported in a given population.
Medical specialty concerned with the promotion and maintenance of the physical and mental health of employees in occupational settings.
Available manpower, facilities, revenue, equipment, and supplies to produce requisite health care and services.
The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.
A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.
Smallest political subdivisions within a country at which general governmental functions are carried-out.
Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.
Media that facilitate transportability of pertinent information concerning patient's illness across varied providers and geographic locations. Some versions include direct linkages to online consumer health information that is relevant to the health conditions and treatments related to a specific patient.
Those actions designed to carry out recommendations pertaining to health plans or programs.
Recommendations for directing health planning functions and policies. These may be mandated by PL93-641 and issued by the Department of Health and Human Services for use by state and local planning agencies.
The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.
Performance of activities or tasks traditionally performed by professional health care providers. The concept includes care of oneself or one's family and friends.
Organized services to provide health care to expectant and nursing mothers.
Professions or other business activities directed to the cure and prevention of disease. For occupations of medical personnel who are not physicians but who are working in the fields of medical technology, physical therapy, etc., ALLIED HEALTH OCCUPATIONS is available.
The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.
Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.
Programs of surveillance designed to prevent the transmission of disease by any means from person to person or from animal to man.
An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.
The ongoing, systematic collection, analysis, and interpretation of health-related data with the purpose of preventing or controlling disease or injury, or of identifying unusual events of public health importance, followed by the dissemination and use of information for public health action. (From Am J Prev Med 2011;41(6):636)
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Evaluation procedures that focus on both the outcome or status (OUTCOMES ASSESSMENT) of the patient at the end of an episode of care - presence of symptoms, level of activity, and mortality; and the process (ASSESSMENT, PROCESS) - what is done for the patient diagnostically and therapeutically.
Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
Performance of an act one or more times, with a view to its fixation or improvement; any performance of an act or behavior that leads to learning.
Norms, criteria, standards, and other direct qualitative and quantitative measures used in determining the quality of health care.
Health services, public or private, in urban areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Localized destruction of the tooth surface initiated by decalcification of the enamel followed by enzymatic lysis of organic structures and leading to cavity formation. If left unchecked, the cavity may penetrate the enamel and dentin and reach the pulp.
A method of data collection and a QUALITATIVE RESEARCH tool in which a small group of individuals are brought together and allowed to interact in a discussion of their opinions about topics, issues, or questions.
Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)
The obligations and accountability assumed in carrying out actions or ideas on behalf of others.
The function of directing or controlling the actions or attitudes of an individual or group with more or less willing acquiescence of the followers.
The measurement of the health status for a given population using a variety of indices, including morbidity, mortality, and available health resources.
A system of medical care regulated, controlled and financed by the government, in which the government assumes responsibility for the health needs of the population.
A geographic area defined and served by a health program or institution.
Financial resources provided for activities related to health planning and development.
Community or individual involvement in the decision-making process.
Conformity in fulfilling or following official, recognized, or institutional requirements, guidelines, recommendations, protocols, pathways, or other standards.
The physical condition of human reproductive systems.
A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.
The practice of sending a patient to another program or practitioner for services or advice which the referring source is not prepared to provide.
Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Exercise of governmental authority to control conduct.
Health services for employees, usually provided by the employer at the place of work.
The organization and administration of health services dedicated to the delivery of health care.
Federal, state, or local government organized methods of financial assistance.
Voluntary groups of people representing diverse interests in the community such as hospitals, businesses, physicians, and insurers, with the principal objective to improve health care cost effectiveness.
State plans prepared by the State Health Planning and Development Agencies which are made up from plans submitted by the Health Systems Agencies and subject to review and revision by the Statewide Health Coordinating Council.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.
Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.
Revenues or receipts accruing from business enterprise, labor, or invested capital.
Descriptions and evaluations of specific health care organizations.
Individuals licensed to practice medicine.
A province of Canada lying between the provinces of Manitoba and Quebec. Its capital is Toronto. It takes its name from Lake Ontario which is said to represent the Iroquois oniatariio, beautiful lake. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p892 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p391)
Services for the diagnosis and treatment of diseases in the aged and the maintenance of health in the elderly.
Health care workers specially trained and licensed to assist and support the work of health professionals. Often used synonymously with paramedical personnel, the term generally refers to all health care workers who perform tasks which must otherwise be performed by a physician or other health professional.

Evaluation of a national surveillance unit. (1/795)

AIM: The Australian Paediatric Surveillance Unit (APSU) facilitates national active surveillance of uncommon childhood conditions. This study assessed whether it fulfilled its objectives and satisfied criteria established by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) for evaluating surveillance systems. METHODS: Anonymous questionnaires were sent to users of the system, individual studies were reviewed, and data were collected from independent sources. RESULTS: Seven hundred and sixty six clinicians, 48 investigators, and 15 public health professionals responded to the questionnaires. Clinicians reported that the APSU was useful, 33% saying information provided by the APSU informed or changed their clinical practice. Most (88%) reported that completing monthly report cards was not a burden. Impact on policy development was limited by suboptimal dissemination of information to public health professionals. Flexibility and timeliness were limited by design. Estimated sensitivity of APSU studies ranged from 92% (congenital rubella) to 31% (drowning/near drowning). Positive predictive value of notified cases was over 70% for most studies. CONCLUSION: The APSU fulfils most of its objectives and meets CDC criteria salient to these. Ways in which the APSU could be improved have been identified, as have methodological challenges and limitations in applying CDC guidelines to this type of unit.  (+info)

Nationwide implementation of guided supermarket tours in The Netherlands: a dissemination study. (2/795)

The purpose of this study was to assess adoption, implementation and maintenance of a guided supermarket tour program of nutrition education by Dutch Public Health Services (PHSs), and the factors associated with program dissemination. A first questionnaire was sent to all 60 PHSs, and measured program adoption, perceived program attributes, and characteristics of the adopting organization and person. A second questionnaire was only sent to adopting PHSs, and measured extent and success of implementation, intentions to continue the program, and characteristics of the main implementing person. Of the 59 PHSs who responded, 30 adopted the program and 17 implemented it sufficiently. Perceived program complexity, social influence within the PHS toward program participation and existence of a separate health education department were predictors of adoption. Perceived program complexity was also a predictor of extent of implementation. The number of health educators within each PHS was a predictor of sufficient implementation. It was concluded that adoption and implementation of the program was reasonable, considering the limited dissemination strategy. Dissemination might have been more successful if the program had been less complex and required less effort, if positive social influence had been generated, and if specific attention had been given to PHSs without a separate health education department.  (+info)

Assessing public health capacity to support community-based heart health promotion: the Canadian Heart Health Initiative, Ontario Project (CHHIOP). (3/795)

This paper presents initial findings of the Canadian Heart Health Initiative, Ontario Project (CHHIOP). CHHIOP has two primary objectives. The programmatic objective is to coordinate and refine a system for supporting effective, sustained community-based heart health activities. This paper addresses the scientific objective: to develop knowledge of factors that influence the development of predisposition and capacity to undertake community-based heart health activities in public health departments. A systems theory framework for an ecological approach to health promotion informs the conceptualization of the key constructs, measured using a two-stage longitudinal design which combines quantitative and qualitative methods. This paper reports the results of the first round of quantitative survey data collected from all health departments in Ontario (N = 42) and individuals within each health department involved in heart health promotion (n = 262). Results indicate low levels of implementation of heart health activities, both overall and for particular risk factors and settings. Levels of capacity are also generally low, yet predisposition to undertake heart health promotion activities is reportedly high. Analyses show that implementation is positively related to capacity but not predisposition, while predisposition and capacity are positively related. Overall, results suggest predisposition is a necessary but not sufficient condition for implementation to occur; capacity-related factors appear to be the primary constraint. These findings are used to inform strategies to address CHHIOP's programmatic objective.  (+info)

Integrated management of childhood illness: a summary of first experiences. (4/795)

The strategy of Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) aims to reduce child mortality and morbidity in developing countries by combining improved management of common childhood illnesses with proper nutrition and immunization. The strategy includes interventions to improve the skills of health workers, the health system, and family and community practices. This article describes the experience of the first countries to adopt and implement the IMCI interventions, the clinical guidelines dealing with the major causes of morbidity and mortality in children, and the training package on these guidelines for health workers in first-level health facilities. The most relevant lessons learned and how these lessons have served as a basis for developing a broader IMCI strategy are described.  (+info)

Evaluating the public health impact of health promotion interventions: the RE-AIM framework. (5/795)

Progress in public health and community-based interventions has been hampered by the lack of a comprehensive evaluation framework appropriate to such programs. Multilevel interventions that incorporate policy, environmental, and individual components should be evaluated with measurements suited to their settings, goals, and purpose. In this commentary, the authors propose a model (termed the RE-AIM model) for evaluating public health interventions that assesses 5 dimensions: reach, efficacy, adoption, implementation, and maintenance. These dimensions occur at multiple levels (e.g., individual, clinic or organization, community) and interact to determine the public health or population-based impact of a program or policy. The authors discuss issues in evaluating each of these dimensions and combining them to determine overall public health impact. Failure to adequately evaluate programs on all 5 dimensions can lead to a waste of resources, discontinuities between stages of research, and failure to improve public health to the limits of our capacity. The authors summarize strengths and limitations of the RE-AIM model and recommend areas for future research and application.  (+info)

Framework for program evaluation in public health. (6/795)

Effective program evaluation is a systematic way to improve and account for public health actions by involving procedures that are useful, feasible, ethical, and accurate. The framework guides public health professionals in their use of program evaluation. It is a practical, nonprescriptive tool, designed to summarize and organize essential elements of program evaluation. The framework comprises steps in program evaluation practice and standards for effective program evaluation. Adhering to the steps and standards of this framework will allow an understanding of each program's context and will improve how program evaluations are conceived and conducted. Furthermore, the framework encourages an approach to evaluation that is integrated with routine program operations. The emphasis is on practical, ongoing evaluation strategies that involve all program stakeholders, not just evaluation experts. Understanding and applying the elements of this framework can be a driving force for planning effective public health strategies, improving existing programs, and demonstrating the results of resource investments.  (+info)

Controlled management of public relations following a public health incident. (7/795)

This paper describes the management of public relations following an outbreak of multidrug resistant TB at a London hospital. Eight patients were involved, all of the secondary cases occurred in HIV seropositive patients, and three cases died. The paper describes how the the Incident Committee undertook to recall contacts of the cases for screening, inform the general practitioners of all of the contacts about their patients' exposure, warn other organizations and professionals interested or involved in the management of HIV in the London area as to the nature of the incident, and establish a helpline, before informing a wider audience through the EPINET, Communicable Disease Report and national press.  (+info)

Evaluating computerized health information systems: hardware, software and human ware: experiences from the Northern Province, South Africa. (8/795)

Despite enormous investment world-wide in computerized health information systems their overall benefits and costs have rarely been fully assessed. A major new initiative in South Africa provides the opportunity to evaluate the introduction of information technology from a global perspective and assess its impact on public health. The Northern Province is implementing a comprehensive integrated hospital information system (HIS) in all of its 42 hospitals. These include two mental health institutions, eight regional hospitals (two acting as a tertiary complex with teaching responsibilities) and 32 district hospitals. The overall goal of the HIS is to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of health (and welfare) services through the creation and use of information, for clinical, administrative and monitoring purposes. This multi-site implementation is being undertaken as a single project at a cost of R130 million (which represents 2.5 per cent of the health and welfare budget on an annual basis). The implementation process commenced on 1 September 1998 with the introduction of the system into Mankweng Hospital as the pilot site and is to be completed in the year 2001. An evaluation programme has been designed to maximize the likelihood of success of the implementation phase (formative evaluation) as well as providing an overall assessment of its benefits and costs (summative evaluation). The evaluation was designed as a form of health technology assessment; the system will have to prove its worth (in terms of cost-effectiveness) relative to other interventions. This is more extensive than the traditional form of technical assessment of hardware and software functionality, and moves into assessing the day-to-day utility of the system, the clinical and managerial environment in which it is situated (humanware), and ultimately its effects on the quality of patient care and public health. In keeping with new South African legislation the evaluation process sought to involve as many stakeholders as possible at the same time as creating a methodologically rigorous study that lived within realistic resource limits. The design chosen for the summative assessment was a randomized controlled trial (RCT) in which 24 district hospitals will receive the HIS either early or late. This is the first attempt to carry out an RCT evaluation of a multi-site implementation of an HIS in the world. Within this design the evaluation will utilize a range of qualitative and quantitative techniques over varying time scales, each addressing specific aims of the evaluation programme. In addition, it will attempt to provide an overview of the general impact on people and organizations of introducing high-technology solutions into a relatively unprepared environment. The study should help to stimulate an evaluation culture in the health and welfare services in the Northern Province as well as building the capacity to undertake such evaluations in the future.  (+info)

HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) infection is a condition in which the body is infected with HIV, a type of retrovirus that attacks the body's immune system. HIV infection can lead to AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome), a condition in which the immune system is severely damaged and the body is unable to fight off infections and diseases.

There are several ways that HIV can be transmitted, including:

1. Sexual contact with an infected person
2. Sharing of needles or other drug paraphernalia with an infected person
3. Mother-to-child transmission during pregnancy, childbirth, or breastfeeding
4. Blood transfusions ( although this is rare in developed countries due to screening processes)
5. Organ transplantation (again, rare)

The symptoms of HIV infection can be mild at first and may not appear until several years after infection. These symptoms can include:

1. Fever
2. Fatigue
3. Swollen glands in the neck, armpits, and groin
4. Rash
5. Muscle aches and joint pain
6. Night sweats
7. Diarrhea
8. Weight loss

If left untreated, HIV infection can progress to AIDS, which is a life-threatening condition that can cause a wide range of symptoms, including:

1. Opportunistic infections (such as pneumocystis pneumonia)
2. Cancer (such as Kaposi's sarcoma)
3. Wasting syndrome
4. Neurological problems (such as dementia and seizures)

HIV infection is diagnosed through a combination of blood tests and physical examination. Treatment typically involves antiretroviral therapy (ART), which is a combination of medications that work together to suppress the virus and slow the progression of the disease.

Prevention methods for HIV infection include:

1. Safe sex practices, such as using condoms and dental dams
2. Avoiding sharing needles or other drug-injecting equipment
3. Avoiding mother-to-child transmission during pregnancy, childbirth, or breastfeeding
4. Post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP), which is a short-term treatment that can prevent infection after potential exposure to the virus
5. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), which is a daily medication that can prevent infection in people who are at high risk of being exposed to the virus.

It's important to note that HIV infection is manageable with proper treatment and care, and that people living with HIV can lead long and healthy lives. However, it's important to be aware of the risks and take steps to prevent transmission.

Symptoms may include sensitivity, discomfort, visible holes or stains on teeth, bad breath, and difficulty chewing or biting. If left untreated, dental caries can progress and lead to more serious complications such as abscesses, infections, and even tooth loss.

To prevent dental caries, it is essential to maintain good oral hygiene habits, including brushing your teeth at least twice a day with fluoride toothpaste, flossing daily, and using mouthwash regularly. Limiting sugary foods and drinks and visiting a dentist for regular check-ups can also help prevent the disease.

Dental caries is treatable through various methods such as fillings, crowns, root canals, extractions, and preventive measures like fissure sealants and fluoride applications. Early detection and prompt treatment are crucial to prevent further damage and restore oral health.

The burden of chronic diseases is significant, with over 70% of deaths worldwide attributed to them, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). In addition to the physical and emotional toll they take on individuals and their families, chronic diseases also pose a significant economic burden, accounting for a large proportion of healthcare expenditure.

In this article, we will explore the definition and impact of chronic diseases, as well as strategies for managing and living with them. We will also discuss the importance of early detection and prevention, as well as the role of healthcare providers in addressing the needs of individuals with chronic diseases.

What is a Chronic Disease?

A chronic disease is a condition that lasts for an extended period of time, often affecting daily life and activities. Unlike acute diseases, which have a specific beginning and end, chronic diseases are long-term and persistent. Examples of chronic diseases include:

1. Diabetes
2. Heart disease
3. Arthritis
4. Asthma
5. Cancer
6. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
7. Chronic kidney disease (CKD)
8. Hypertension
9. Osteoporosis
10. Stroke

Impact of Chronic Diseases

The burden of chronic diseases is significant, with over 70% of deaths worldwide attributed to them, according to the WHO. In addition to the physical and emotional toll they take on individuals and their families, chronic diseases also pose a significant economic burden, accounting for a large proportion of healthcare expenditure.

Chronic diseases can also have a significant impact on an individual's quality of life, limiting their ability to participate in activities they enjoy and affecting their relationships with family and friends. Moreover, the financial burden of chronic diseases can lead to poverty and reduce economic productivity, thus having a broader societal impact.

Addressing Chronic Diseases

Given the significant burden of chronic diseases, it is essential that we address them effectively. This requires a multi-faceted approach that includes:

1. Lifestyle modifications: Encouraging healthy behaviors such as regular physical activity, a balanced diet, and smoking cessation can help prevent and manage chronic diseases.
2. Early detection and diagnosis: Identifying risk factors and detecting diseases early can help prevent or delay their progression.
3. Medication management: Effective medication management is crucial for controlling symptoms and slowing disease progression.
4. Multi-disciplinary care: Collaboration between healthcare providers, patients, and families is essential for managing chronic diseases.
5. Health promotion and disease prevention: Educating individuals about the risks of chronic diseases and promoting healthy behaviors can help prevent their onset.
6. Addressing social determinants of health: Social determinants such as poverty, education, and employment can have a significant impact on health outcomes. Addressing these factors is essential for reducing health disparities and improving overall health.
7. Investing in healthcare infrastructure: Investing in healthcare infrastructure, technology, and research is necessary to improve disease detection, diagnosis, and treatment.
8. Encouraging policy change: Policy changes can help create supportive environments for healthy behaviors and reduce the burden of chronic diseases.
9. Increasing public awareness: Raising public awareness about the risks and consequences of chronic diseases can help individuals make informed decisions about their health.
10. Providing support for caregivers: Chronic diseases can have a significant impact on family members and caregivers, so providing them with support is essential for improving overall health outcomes.


Chronic diseases are a major public health burden that affect millions of people worldwide. Addressing these diseases requires a multi-faceted approach that includes lifestyle changes, addressing social determinants of health, investing in healthcare infrastructure, encouraging policy change, increasing public awareness, and providing support for caregivers. By taking a comprehensive approach to chronic disease prevention and management, we can improve the health and well-being of individuals and communities worldwide.

Some common types of mental disorders include:

1. Anxiety disorders: These conditions cause excessive worry, fear, or anxiety that interferes with daily life. Examples include generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, and social anxiety disorder.
2. Mood disorders: These conditions affect a person's mood, causing feelings of sadness, hopelessness, or anger that persist for weeks or months. Examples include depression, bipolar disorder, and seasonal affective disorder.
3. Personality disorders: These conditions involve patterns of thought and behavior that deviate from the norm of the average person. Examples include borderline personality disorder, narcissistic personality disorder, and antisocial personality disorder.
4. Psychotic disorders: These conditions cause a person to lose touch with reality, resulting in delusions, hallucinations, or disorganized thinking. Examples include schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, and brief psychotic disorder.
5. Trauma and stressor-related disorders: These conditions develop after a person experiences a traumatic event, such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
6. Dissociative disorders: These conditions involve a disconnection or separation from one's body, thoughts, or emotions. Examples include dissociative identity disorder (formerly known as multiple personality disorder) and depersonalization disorder.
7. Neurodevelopmental disorders: These conditions affect the development of the brain and nervous system, leading to symptoms such as difficulty with social interaction, communication, and repetitive behaviors. Examples include autism spectrum disorder, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and Rett syndrome.

Mental disorders can be diagnosed by a mental health professional using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), which provides criteria for each condition. Treatment typically involves a combination of medication and therapy, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy or psychodynamic therapy, depending on the specific disorder and individual needs.

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BMC Public Health. 5 (1): 86. doi:10.1186/1471-2458-5-86. PMC 1208908. PMID 16109159. Lin JT, Lane JM (January 2008). " ... "Nonpharmacologic management of osteoporosis to minimize fracture risk". Nature Clinical Practice. Rheumatology. 4 (1): 20-5. ... Musich S, Wang SS, Ruiz J, Hawkins K, Wicker E (March 2018). "The impact of mobility limitations on health outcomes among older ... 75% of hip fracture patients do not recover completely and show signs of overall health deterioration. Motor-cognitive training ...
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Elsevier Health Sciences. ISBN 9780729582209. Retrieved 12 February 2017. Epidemiology for Public Health Practice. Jones & ... Kraut, Alan M. (2010). "Immigration, Ethnicity, and the Pandemic". Public Health Reports. 125 (Suppl 3): 123-133. doi:10.1177/ ... "U.S. - Mexico Cross-Border Health". Gateway to Health Communication , CDC. Retrieved 12 February 2017. Gushulak, B ... health systems, housing and public schools of the native state. For example, Denmark's strict immigration law reform has saved ...
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"When Generosity Harms Health Care and Public Health". American Journal of Public Health. 109 (7): 997-998. doi:10.2105/AJPH. ... Mariana Chilton, in the American Journal of Public Health, suggested that current government policies reflect the needs-based ... American Journal of Public Health. 99 (7): 1203-1211. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2007.130229. ISSN 0090-0036. PMC 2696644. PMID 19443834 ... The practice of charity is the voluntary giving of help to those in need, as a humanitarian act, unmotivated by self-interest. ...
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Frumkin, Howard (May-June 2002). "Urban Sprawl and Public Health". Association of Schools of Public Health. 117 (3): 201-217. ... High-performance infrastructure refers to core best management practices (BMPs) applicable to the typical section of the public ... In addition to many public health and environmental benefits, financial benefits include decreased first costs, decreased ... welfare and public health factors, among others, to the environmental and physical factors in the Farr book; thus taking it ...
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Kinner, Stuart A; Wang, Emily A (2014). "The Case for Improving the Health of Ex-Prisoners". American Journal of Public Health ... Hensley, Christopher (editor). Prison Sex: Practice & Policy. Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2002. ISBN 1-58826-087-9, ISBN 978-1- ... American Journal of Public Health. 96 (6): 974-978. doi:10.2105/ajph.2005.066993. PMC 1470637. PMID 16449578. ... Health advocates believe that condoms should be available for everyone to prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS and other sexually ...
American Journal of Public Health. 2 (82): 289. Astbury, Leah; Leong, Elaine (2020). "Medical Knowledge and Practice". In ... American Journal of Public Health. 2 (82): 288-295. doi:10.2105/AJPH.82.2.288. PMC 1694293. PMID 1739168. Windsor, Laura Lynn ( ... One such woman, as recorded by Lady Anne Clifford, was her mother who "was a lover of the study of medicine and the practice of ... She was not the only woman who practiced alchemy. Many women would prepare and study medicine and prepare it on a larger scale ...
"The Public Health Aspects of Complex Emergencies and Refugee Situations". Annual Review of Public Health. 18 (1): 283-312. doi: ... are put into practice so that people keep their hands clean and thus eliminate the propagation of germs. Information on health ... To address the problem of public health and the spread of dangerous diseases that come as a result of lack of sanitation and ... World Health Organization (WHO) (2018). Guidelines on Sanitation and Health. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO. Bastable, A., Russell, L ...
Katz DL, Meller S (2014). "Can we say what diet is best for health?". Annual Review of Public Health. 35: 83-103. doi:10.1146/ ... Konner M, Eaton S (2010). "Paleolithic Nutrition: Twenty-Five Years Later". Nutrition in Clinical Practice. 25 (6): 594-602. ... Pontzer H, Wood BM, Raichlen DA (1 December 2018). "Hunter-gatherers as models in public health" (PDF). Obesity Reviews. 19 ... This has a negative effect on health in the long run as medical studies have shown that it can lead to increased incidence of ...
Hemenway, D. (2009). "How to find nothing". Journal of Public Health Policy. 30 (3): 260-68. doi:10.1057/jphp.2009.26. PMID ... doi:10.1016/S1359-1789(03)00044-2. Huemer, Michael (2003). "Is There a Right to Own a Gun?". Social Theory and Practice. 29 (2 ... 2009). "Investigating the Link Between Gun Possession and Gun Assault". American Journal of Public Health. 99 (11): 2034-40. ... August 2015). "State Firearm Legislation and Nonfatal Firearm Injuries". American Journal of Public Health. 105 (8): 1703-09. ...
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People who live in poor areas are more suspicious of the health care system, and as a result, they may reject medical treatment ... In the US, the petition faded from public awareness by the late 1950s. In 1964, Malcolm X and his Organization of Afro-American ... Injustices in housing practices, reductions in welfare benefits, and government-subsidized family planning were all identified ... It states that "The public school system in the United States, like the country as a whole, is plagued by vast inequalities- ...
In poor health during the signing of the US Constitution in 1787, he was rarely seen in public from then until his death.[ ... At a critical impasse during the Constitutional Convention in June 1787, he attempted to introduce the practice of daily common ... "He waged a public relations campaign, secured secret aid, played a role in privateering expeditions, and churned out effective ... His reasons for vegetarianism were based on health, ethics, and economy: When about 16 years of age, I happen'd to meet with a ...
Their work had been supported by U.S. Public Health Services and the University of Colorado. Wright and Meyerdirk left the ... "Practice guidelines for performance of the routine mid-trimester fetal ultrasound scan". Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 37 (1): 116 ... Recent studies have stressed the importance of framing "reproductive health matters cross-culturally", particularly when ... and the health and development of the embryo or fetus. The International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology ( ...
ISBN 1-55105-510-4, ISBN 978-1-55105-510-7 S.G. Wartel, A Strengths-Based Practice Model: Psychology of Mind and Health ... has established a Health Realization Services Division which provides HR training to County employees and the public. The ... Sedgeman, J.: Health Realization/Innate Health: Can a quiet mind and a positive feeling state be accessible over the lifespan ... In the Health Realization ("HR") model, all psychological phenomena, from severe disorder to glowing health, are presented as ...
Public Health England. Archived from the original on 17 July 2018. Retrieved 26 November 2017. Anonymous (28 December 2016). " ... In 2011, the CDC published a clinical practice guideline addressing strategies for the prevention and control of norovirus ... Public Health Laboratory Network (25 September 2006). "Norovirus Laboratory Case Definition (LCD)". Australian Government ... Confirmatory testing is not usually available but may be performed by public health agencies during outbreaks. Prevention ...
Governance of Public Sector Undertaking 7. Governance of Cooperative Society Subset VI :- Developmental Governance 1. Health ... Community governance consist of a system of laws, norms, rules, policies and practices mentioned in the constitution or charter ... public sector undertaking and cooperative society Community governance is an important subject included in the training module ... Public Governance 1. Global Governance 2. National Governance 3. Provincial Governance or Sub-National Governance 4. Local ...
Islam is practised by a large community of people in Gateshead and there are 2 mosques located in the Bensham area (in Ely ... Wailes sold Saltwell Towers to the corporation in 1876 for use as a public park, provided he could use the house for the rest ... The centre incorporates student accommodation, a cinema, health centre and stores. It was nominated for the Carbuncle Cup in ... Other public art include works by Richard Deacon, Colin Rose, Sally Matthews, Andy Goldsworthy, Gordon Young and Michael ...
Except in a few limited circumstances related to national security, public safety or health, people are guaranteed freedom of ... practice or teaching." No person may be required to attend any religious ceremony without their consent, or the consent of a ... "Every person has the right, either individually or in community with others, and both in public and in private, to manifest ... Unless national security or public order is at stake, the privacy of personal communication is inviolable. This rules out ...
Thomas L. Rev., p. 101, SSRN 1624384 Hawaii Institute for Public Affairs (2004). "Prepaid Health Care Act". Retrieved February ... ERISA preempts all conflicting state laws, including state statutes prohibiting unfair claims practices and causes of action ... It also bars health benefit plans from certain types of discrimination on the basis of health status, genetic information, or ... The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) prohibits a health benefit plan from refusing to cover ...
She set up practice in Harrisburg, becoming the first woman in Dauphin County to practice medicine as well as the first (in ... Early in her first marriage, she had health issues that resulted in a trip to New York state for treatment, where she met and ... She also advocated for prison reform and public education for children, among other issues. By her mid-forties she was ... a 19th-century American physician who was a national leader in the temperance movement as well as the first woman to practice ...
The NPAP's diverse membership is active in research, publication, legislation, public education, and cultural affairs, thus ... and designed to prepare candidates for the professional practice of psychoanalysis. Janet Malcolm, Psychoanalysis: The ... United States health organization stubs). ...
In the early 19th century a constable was employed by the vestry and the Leg of Mutton and Cauliflower public house doubled as ... As of 2021, the village has two GP practices, both on Woodfield Lane. Brick and tile manufacture has taken place at Ashtead at ... "GPs near Ashtead". National Health Service. Archived from the original on 15 May 2021. Retrieved 15 May 2021. Bouchard, B.E. ( ... Subscription or UK public library membership required.) Dean, Misao (2005). "Duncan, Sara, Jeannette (Cotes)". Dictionary of ...
FOPH, Federal Office of Public Health. "FAQs on cannabis pilot trials". Retrieved 2022-07-03. FOPH, Federal ... Pardal, Mafalda (2018-06-01). ""The difference is in the tomato at the end": Understanding the motivations and practices of ... Research suggests that CSCs can have positive outcomes in terms of public health and harm reduction. Cannabis consumers clubs ... Office of Public Health. "Pilot trials with cannabis". Retrieved 2022-07-03. "Addiction: Premier essai pour ...
Most public buildings are inaccessible to disabled people, and there is no law requiring them to be accessible. As a result of ... Various laws limit working hours, establish benefit requirements, and set health and safety standards. There is a minimum wage ... Country Report on Human Rights Practices for 2011 by the United States Department of State 2012 Annual Report, by Amnesty ... Workers in the public sector are forbidden from joining trade unions. Forced labor is illegal, but takes place, with rural ...
Learn about the scientific contributions of the Office of Science and Public Health Practice at the CDC Office of Readiness and ... CPRs Office of Science and Public Health Practice is committed to increasing scientific contributions to the preparedness and ... The Office of Readiness and Response (ORR) supports the infusion of science into CDCs public health emergency preparedness and ... Science and Public Health Practice. ... Science and Public Health Practice plus icon *Applied Research ...
... and others who strive to improve the health of the public through chronic disease prevention. ... is a peer-reviewed electronic journal established by the National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. ... Mental Health Awareness Month: Lets Talk About Sleep and Mental Health. Research shows that many US high school students who ... Cookies used to track the effectiveness of CDC public health campaigns through clickthrough data. ...
... View/. Open. Strengthening Public Health ... 2005)‎. Strengthening Public Health Infrastructure, with Emphasis on Education and Practice.. WHO Regional Office for South- ... World Health Organization. Regional Office for South-East Asia. (‎ ...
... 0-9. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. J. K. L. M. N. O. P. Q. R. S. T. U. V. W. X ...
... and Practice provides practical information applicable to the design and implementation of public health p... ... Journal of Public Health Management & Practice. Journal of Public Health Management & Practice. September/October 2010 Volume ... Public Health Workforce Training: Application of the Council on Linkages Core Competencies Katharine E. Stewart PhD, MPH,Paul ... The Nature of the Public Health Emergency Preparedness Literature 2000-2008: A Quantitative Analysis Valerie A. Yeager MPH, ...
Ushering Public Health Practice into the 21st Century - Genomics and Precision Health Blog ... Ushering Public Health Practice into the 21st Century. Posted on April 12, 2012. by Muin J Khoury, Director, Office of Public ... Categories genomics, public health. Tags genetics, genomics, public health. Post a Comment. Cancel Reply. Your email address ... populations: Public health practice will need to be refined to include the provision of unbiased information that supports ...
Community Health Workers: Public Health and Health Care Collaborating for Health Equity Program Planning & Evaluation Webinar ... Disasters and Public Health: Learning from Recent History Emergency Preparedness & Disasters, Environmental Health, Vulnerable ... Developing Evidence About Public Health Services Program Planning & Evaluation Webinar Developing and Prioritizing Program and ... Data Available to Public Health Professionals Epidemiology, Infectious Disease & Immunizations, Program Planning & Evaluation ...
Syndromic Surveillance in Public Health Practice, New York City. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2004;10(5):858-864. doi:10.3201/ ... However, good public health practice requires that steps be taken to minimize the privacy risk to persons and institutions. ... Syndromic Surveillance in Public Health Practice, New York City On This Page ... Heffernan R, Mostashari F, Das D, Karpati A, Kulldorff M, Weiss D. Syndromic Surveillance in Public Health Practice, New York ...
Health systems in the Practice Greenhealth and Health Care Without Harm network are purchasing up to 60 percent of their meat ... Health systems in the Practice Greenhealth and Health Care Without Harm network are purchasing up to 60 percent of their meat ... Health Care Without Harm and Practice Greenhealth convened a working group of health system representatives that is calling on ... Through purchasing, the health sector is looking to mitigate broader public health effects of the industrialized meat system.. ...
Updated and thoroughly revised, this foundational resource surveys all major topics related to the U.S. public health system, ... The text is unique in combining the perspectives of both academicians and public health officials, and examines new job ... opportunities and the growing interest in the public health field. ... This second edition of Introduction to Public Health is the only text to encompass the new legislation implemented by the ...
"Public health aspects of small animal veterinary medical practice." 86, no. 10 (1971). May, W. O. et al. "Public health aspects ... Adult Group Practice Humans Middle Aged Missouri Office Management Professional Practice Public Health Research Article Time ... 1971). Public health aspects of small animal veterinary medical practice.. 86(10). May, W. O. and Blenden, D. C. and McCulloch ... Title : Public health aspects of small animal veterinary medical practice. Personal Author(s) : May, W. O.;Blenden, D. C.; ...
HIV Treatment and Prevention in Federal and Public Health Settings. Health care professionals in federal and public settings ... Putting Innovation Into Practice: Adopting Novel Approaches to HIV Prevention in Federal and Public Health Settings. ... Putting Innovation Into Practice Adopting Novel Approaches to HIV Prevention in Federal and Public Health Settings ... In this on-demand video, HIV experts from federal and public health settings share their knowledge and experiences to help you: ...
... reporting inconvenient access or dissatisfied with health care were more likely to practise self-medication. Health education ... The results indicated that 35.4% of the respondents had practised self-medication in the past 2 weeks. Bivariate and ... s health seeking behaviour and protect them from the potential risks of self-medications. ... Saudi Arabia was carried out to determine the prevalence and factors associated with self-medication practice. ...
The Role of State Law in Protecting Human Subjects of Public Health Research and Practice ... "The Role of State Law in Protecting Human Subjects of Public Health Research and Practice." J of Law, Medicine and Ethics, 2003 ... health care and health policy issues facing America. ... Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Investigator Awards in Health ... 2013 Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Investigator Awards In Health Policy Research. A national program of the Robert Wood ...
American Journal of Public Health. Language: English. Date: 2015. Keywords. health departments, practices. ... Laying the Groundwork for Evidence-Based Public Health: Why Some Local Health Departments Use More Evidence-Based Decision- ... Laying the Groundwork for Evidence-Based Public Health: Why Some Local Health Departments Use More Evidence-Based Decision- ... Abstract: We examined variation in the use of evidence-based decision-making (EBDM) practices across local health departments ( ...
Social Practice Theory was adopted in the development of the Perceived Stigma Index in which three social domains were ... Social practice theory has solid properties that support and capture the multi-dimensional nature of perceived stigma. The ... As such, a precise measure of the contribution of different social practices and characteristics is necessary for both ... was obtained as a measure of the internal consistency of our index using the Social Practice Theory. In regression analysis, we ...
19 in health-care settings. This study aimed at assessing knowledge and preventive practices towards Covid-19 among health care ... An institution-based cross-sectional study was conducted from April to May 2020 among 330 health workers in selected health ... Frontline health care workers are the most at risk of infection, and so a WHO interim guidance document was issued by the World ... Health Organization (WHO) which underscores the importance of proper sanitation and waste management practices for COVID- ...
Addressing Inequity and Abuse in Long-Term Care: Implications for Public Health Practice Topics ... Addressing Inequity and Abuse in Long-Term Care: Implications for Public Health Practice ... Production of this website has been made possible through a financial contribution from the Public Health Agency of Canada. ... Andrea Baumann, Associate Vice-President, Global Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University, Director, World ...
Mental health researchers who focus on public health provide other public health professionals with information that can be ... Earning a Master of Public Health (MPH) complements research experience with expertise in public health that are necessary for ... Health Researchers. Health researchers who earn an MPH degree with a specialization in global health gain the skills required ... Researchers who are interested in public health can make important contributions in epidemiology, environmental health, ...
Rural Health: A Qualitative Research Approach to Understanding Best Practices for Rural Health Service Delivery in a Public ... Rural Health: A Qualitative Research Approach to Understanding Best Practices for Rural Health Service Delivery in a Public ... For public health emergencies or hazards, such as outbreaks, food poisoning, meningitis or rabies, please call our after hours ...
Community/Public Health Nursing Practice, 4th Edition Chapter 01: Responsibilities for Care in Community/Public Health Nursing ... A community/public health nurse is best defined as a nurse who: A. Applies concepts and knowledge from nursing and public ... Public Health Nursing Practice 4th Edition - Test Bank Maurer: ... Maurer: Community/Public Health Nursing Practice, 4th Edition. ... Home,Nursing and Health Professions,Public Health Nursing Practice 4th Edition - Test Bank ...
Comprehensive Principles and Practices. Koenig, Kristi L. Schultz, Carl H. Published: July 2016. 2nd Edition ... Receive email alerts on new books, offers and news in Society for Disaster Medicine and Public Health. ...
Health Care → Health. Religious Practice → Religion. Government → Public. Type Classification: E: Emanations of other ...
Training proposal to the psychologists professional practice in public health. Rev. abordagem gestalt. [online]. 2014, vol.20 ... we discuss the professional training and its gaps for the psychologists professional practice on public health, which doesnt ... Keywords : Psychology; Public health; Clinical stage. · abstract in Portuguese , Spanish · text in Portuguese · Portuguese ( ... We suggest an intervention list organized from the healths primary, secondary and tertiary levels, ranging from psychotherapy ...
Principles and Practices. Presenting Information at Public Meetings. Historical Document. This document is provided by the ... ONLY as an historical reference for the public health community. It is no longer being maintained and the data it contains may ... e.g., I am committed to protecting the environment and the public. We of the x have been involved with this community for a ... The key messages are points you want your public to have in mind after the meeting. They should address central issues, and be ...
Pain Management Best Practices during the COVID-19 Pandemic and Public Health Crises Presentation: Steven P. Cohen, MD, Coding ... Pain Management Best Practices during the COVID-19 Pandemic and Public Health Crises - ARCHIVE SURVEY Survey: 6 questions ... Pain Management Best Practices during the COVID-19 Pandemic and Public Health Crises Certificate Certificate: 0/2 Course items ... Pain Management Best Practices during the COVID-19 Pandemic and Public Health Crises ARCHIVE CERTIFICATE Certificate: 0/2 ...
Public health administration , Public health , Health systems agencies , United StatesNLM classification: WA 525 97SC ... Principles of public health practice / F. Douglas Scutchfield, C. William Keck. By: Scutchfield, F. DouglasContributor(s): Keck ... IRIS GIFT HINARI PubMed Global Health Library AFRO (AIM) EMRO (IMEMR) PAHO (LILACS) SEARO (IMSEAR) WIPRO (WPRIM) ...
Center for Public Health Practice and Research. Department of Population Health Sciences. 205 Duckpond Drive. Blacksburg, ... Sophie also serves as a mentor through The Council on Linkages Between Academic and Public Health Practice Academic Health ... Kathy Hosig, Associate Professor, Population Health Sciences Dept & Director, Center for Public Health Practice and Research ... Environmental Health Manager Senior, New River Health District. Tiffany Norman. Business Manager, New River Health District. ...
  • The three-day conference sponsored by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , the National Institutes of Health and other cosponsors was held December 2010 in Bethesda, Maryland, and attended by more than 700 participants. (
  • Official American Thoracic Society/Infectious Diseases Society of America/Centers for Disease Control and Prevention clinical practice guidelines: diagnosis of tuberculosis in adults and children. (
  • HIV specialist physicians and their interprofessional teams of nurse practitioners, physician assistants, nurses, and pharmacists who practice in federal and public healthcare settings. (
  • Gives care in community settings regardless of personal education, whereas public health nurses have specific educational preparation. (
  • Which is a unique function of community/public health nurses? (
  • Forces others to think about health issues and nurses' power. (
  • Nurses do not force or coerce others and often work with other professions on issues related to health. (
  • The clinical practice components of the course will consist of placements in all years of study in a variety of primary and secondary mental healthcare services, such as community and hospital teams, forensics services, specialist providers of mental health care, and every other place where mental health nurses can play a role in the prevention, treatment and recovery of people with mental ill health. (
  • The conference brought together clinical and public health scientists and practitioners. (
  • The conference articles highlight the need for a strong scientific evidence base for applying genomics to improve health and prevent disease, consider gaps in the current health care delivery system, and address the schism between traditional public health departments and clinical care . (
  • Initially designed to facilitate billing, health information systems capture an increasingly rich array of clinical detail. (
  • An MPH degree provides epidemiologists with the knowledge and skills needed to propose and lead research studies and clinical trials that can have a major impact on public health. (
  • Our overall aim as a nursing lecturing team and as a university is that you have access to the best of teaching, learning and clinical experiences so you can become a skilled, thoughtful and authentic mental health nurse who is confident you are making a positive difference to people lives and the wider communities you work within. (
  • World Health Organization. (
  • World Health Organization revised the International Health collaboration in the past decades. (
  • This second edition of Introduction to Public Health is the only text to encompass the new legislation implemented by the Affordable Care Act, with its focus on prevention and its increase in funding for prevention research. (
  • However, the path to implementing these new paradigms in HIV prevention in federal and public health settings remains uncertain, and providers must navigate new challenges to expand PrEP delivery and monitoring. (
  • Careers in epidemiology once focused almost exclusively on the study of infectious diseases, but there is increasing emphasis within the public health field on the prevention of chronic diseases, like diabetes and cancer. (
  • Mental health researchers who focus on public health provide other public health professionals with information that can be used to formulate community-based intervention and prevention programs. (
  • The course will enable achievement of recognised additional qualifications in skills such as mental health, first-aid and suicide prevention. (
  • In addition to becoming a graduate mental health nurse, the course will enable achievement of recognised additional qualifications in skills such as mental health first aid and in suicide prevention. (
  • The implementation of optimal guidelines and safety protocols for effective COVID -19 infection prevention and control is a major challenge for restorative dental care practice in low resource settings owing to paucity of key material resources and inappropriate behaviour associated with lingering doubts about COVID-19 reality among the majority of the populace. (
  • Fall prevention and protection: principles, guidelines, and practices. (
  • In this National Collaborating Centre for Determinants of Health event, an expert team of researchers from McMaster University will present findings from a CIHR-funded study that sheds light on abuse and inequity in long-term care homes in the province of Ontario. (
  • You will complete a series of theory modules over three parts that analyse and critique modern mental health approaches and treatment modalities, including the medical model, psychotherapeutic approaches, anthropological understanding of health beliefs, public health approaches, and the social determinants of health, among other ideas and concepts. (
  • The response to these health emergencies such as SARS and pandemic influenza, emergencies is not only the responsibility of health department, countries and international communities have paid great atten- but also demand the joint efforts from other departments such tion to risk response. (
  • The American Academy of Pain Medicine (AAPM) provides a live webinar titled "Pain Management Best Practices during the COVID-19 Pandemic and Public Health Crises" and offers continuing medical education (CME) for physicians. (
  • This study examines the key public health challenges posed by the COVID-19 pandemic in low resource settings. (
  • While healthcare services are learning to cope with the COVID-19 pandemic, dental care services, in particular restorative dental practice have been adversely impacted because of the closeness of caregivers to the patient 's mouth as well as the generation of aerosols during most restorative procedures . (
  • Another challenge in the form of COVID-19 conspiracy theories has threatened to undermine public health efforts designed to control the pandemic . (
  • The Safer Aerosol -Free Emergent Dentistry concept offers a viable practical approach for restorative dental practice in LMICs during and in the post COVID-19 pandemic era. (
  • Through purchasing, the health sector is looking to mitigate broader public health effects of the industrialized meat system. (
  • Health systems and facilities within the Practice Greenhealth and Health Care Without Harm network have had a significant collective impact, improving price and availability for all hospitals and opening the door for important conversations about broader production practices and the health costs of industrial agriculture. (
  • Researchers who are interested in public health can make important contributions in epidemiology, environmental health, behavioral science and international health. (
  • Environmental scientists will find a wide range of challenges facing the field of environmental health. (
  • We examined variation in the use of evidence-based decision-making (EBDM) practices across local health departments (LHDs) in the United States and the extent to which this variation was predicted by resources, personnel, and governance. (
  • We analyzed data from the National Association of County and City Health Officials Profile of Local Health Departments, the Association of State and Territorial Health Officials State Health Departments Profile, and the US Census using 2-level multilevel regression models. (
  • Career opportunities for biostatisticians are available in local and state health departments, federal agencies and private companies. (
  • Is employed to give care to families and groups, whereas the public health nurse works in public health departments. (
  • My experience includes working with various state and county public health departments, with a specific focus on multicultural communication. (
  • NYSDOH coordinated vaccine distribution in New York outside NYC with local health departments and community organizations. (
  • New insights from genomic science will have practical implications for the organization of health services, the deployment of bioinformatics and new information systems, the need for evidence-based processes and the role of the private sector in different countries . (
  • Practice Greenhealth is the leading sustainable health care organization, delivering environmental solutions to more than 1,500 hospitals and health systems in the United States and Canada. (
  • We would love to hear a bit about you and your organization, the people you serve, and the public health challenge you'd like to address. (
  • Ladies and gentlemen, It is with a lot of gratitude that I thank all the ministers in charge of health who honoured my country by entrusting the chair of our Organization to me. (
  • The Office of Readiness and Response (ORR) supports the infusion of science into CDC's public health emergency preparedness and response activities. (
  • Increasingly, our public health interventions will be stratified to subsets of the population based on genomic information, as genomics helps to illustrate ways that individual differences in response to social and environmental factors contribute to variation at the population level. (
  • Health education campaigns, strict legislations on dispensing drugs from private pharmacies and increasing the quality of and access to health care are among the important interventions that might be needed in order to change the people's health seeking behaviour and protect them from the potential risks of self-medications. (
  • Behavioral science, oncology, environmental science, geographic information systems and public health virology are just a few of the research areas that require biostatistics. (
  • Many of the working group's food vendors made commitments to address animal welfare in their supply chains and indicated their willingness to work with the health systems to move the market toward sustainably-raised meat and poultry. (
  • We suggest an intervention list organized from the health's primary, secondary and tertiary levels, ranging from psychotherapy to multidisciplinary actions until the health multidisciplinary group's pedagogical mediation. (
  • The course will consider what it means and how to provide mental health care in a contemporary, culturally diverse context, and what is needed for the profession to continuously improve and add value to the lived experiences of the populations we serve. (
  • Among all the general risks, health emergencies, emerging diseases mostly, are increasingly attracting the attention from the Risk has become more and more of a concern by govern- public as they tend to frequently occur [1] and easily spread. (
  • This panel of the 8th World Workshop on Oral Health and Diseases in AIDS considered the role of people living with HIV (PLHIV) to contribute to oral health and HIV research and policy through a process of involvement and empowerment . (
  • The New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene has established a syndromic surveillance system that monitors emergency department visits to detect disease outbreaks early. (
  • Two recent phenomena have contributed to widespread interest in monitoring nonspecific health indicator data to detect disease outbreaks early. (
  • For public health emergencies or hazards, such as outbreaks, food poisoning, meningitis or rabies, please call our after hours emergency phone number at 1-877-298-5888. (
  • 5. What is the appropriate approach for the community/public health nurse in balancing individual privacy and autonomy and the community's needs for safety and security? (
  • While the nurse's practice should be consistent with employing agency policies, legal mandates, and professional standards, the nurse must seek a balance between individual autonomy and other individual rights and the rights of all other community members. (
  • They can help you to become a skilled mental health nurse to make a positive difference to people lives. (
  • BSc (Hons) Mental Health Nursing has been designed to meet the future nursing proficiencies set out by the Nursing and Midwifery Council (2018) and upon successful completion will allow you to register and work as a graduate mental health nurse. (
  • Cookies used to track the effectiveness of CDC public health campaigns through clickthrough data. (
  • Genomic information will increase the need by public health practitioners to consider personal autonomy as they provide information to improve health. (
  • This presentation will define PBT for public health and will present a novel five-step framework, PBT STEPS, to guide faculty, schools, and practitioners in development of a practice-based curriculum for public health education. (
  • This framework will aid faculty and schools to implement PBT more broadly within schools of public health and across public health disciplines, to secure and maintain collaborations that infuse the field with innovative and evidence-informed solutions to current issues, and to allow students the opportunity to acquire necessary competencies to make them effective public health practitioners. (
  • Areas of specialization for public health environmental researchers include toxicology, urban development, air and water quality, noise pollution control, climate change, hazardous materials management and occupational health. (
  • Research shows that many US high school students who don't get the recommended 8 plus hours of sleep per night also report poor mental health. (
  • The 4th national conference papers exemplify the controversies we face, the promising opportunities to consider, the potential for intervention innovations, and the public health research questions that need to be answered to move the field forward. (
  • Earning a Master of Public Health (MPH) complements research experience with expertise in public health that are necessary for the study of population-based health issues. (
  • Data analysts who complete an MPH degree with a specialization in biostatistics are prepared to design, conduct and analyze public health research studies. (
  • This specialization provides an education in the quantitative skills required to use statistical methods for biological, biomedical and health services research. (
  • Health researchers who earn an MPH degree with a specialization in global health gain the skills required to conduct research in international settings, which can improve the health and well-being of people throughout the world. (
  • The role of patient and public involvement in oral health and HIV/AIDS research, practice and policy. (
  • Patient and public involvement (PPI) is a process whereby patients , caregivers , service users and other relevant stakeholders, including the general public, are actively involved and engaged in activities to develop research . (
  • patient and public involvement can contribute to the research agenda including the design and conduct of research by providing unique perspectives gained through lived experience. (
  • The audience discussion focused on ways in which PPI could more readily and consistently be encouraged within oral health research involving PLHIV. (
  • Human function and health, one of Solent's key research areas, embodies research-related activities associated with the investigation and evaluation of human function, health, and the social context - you will learn direct from leading experts in their field. (
  • In the article I coauthored with Ron Zimmern, chairman of the UK PHG Foundation and pioneer in the young field of public health genomics, we highlight six issues that currently contribute to the large divide between genomic sciences and traditional public health practice. (
  • Hannah Menefee, Public Health Program Coordinator, Population Health Sciences Dept. (
  • Especially in the Public health emergencies have become the global challenges past 10 years, from terrorist attacks such as 9.11 event to public for the whole international community. (
  • The articles also discuss the implications of "genohype" and internet availability of genomic information on the development of new communication strategies for public health practice . (
  • The public health field offers career opportunities that may appeal to researchers of disparate professional and academic backgrounds. (
  • Sophie also serves as a mentor through The Council on Linkages Between Academic and Public Health Practice Academic Health Department Mentor program. (
  • We aim to develop your knowledge, skills and academic capacities so you can build a meaningful nursing career that balances your own continuous personal growth with doing public good for the varied communities you will care for across your working life. (
  • This framework ensures a PBT course that builds technical knowledge, integrates existing knowledge and experience, develops and strengthens public health skills and competencies by working with real world situations, and realizes the benefits of PBT to all stakeholders - students, alumni, public health agencies, communities served by the agencies, faculty, and school. (
  • The text is unique in combining the perspectives of both academicians and public health officials, and examines new job opportunities and the growing interest in the public health field. (
  • During this unprecedented public health emergency and because there are no current preventive or specific treatments for COVID-19, AAPM reasonably determines that there is no potential for relevant financial relationships and therefore no need to resolve or disclose conflicts. (
  • As such, a precise measure of the contribution of different social practices and characteristics is necessary for both understanding and intervening in matters related to perceived stigma. (
  • Despite the increasing interest and understanding of the adverse health outcomes associated with stigma [ 4 ], there is an exigent need of narrowing down and highlighting the factor-specific societal contribution to stigma. (
  • Production of this website has been made possible through a financial contribution from the Public Health Agency of Canada. (
  • The project was founded on four main principles: (1) democracy, (2) culture, (3) health, and (4) contribution to sustainability. (
  • Mental health nursing is suitable for people who want a career that has social value and who have a keen interest in caring for others and enabling people to achieve the best outcomes they can. (
  • The first is heightened concern about bioterrorism, particularly the ability of public health agencies to detect a large-scale bioterrorist attack in its early stages. (
  • One of your goals as a public health professional is to ensure health equity for the people you serve. (
  • Large variations in practices can have long-standing consequences, such that practices that strictly interpret local recommendations to limit non-essential care to prevent disease spread can lose patients to less scrupulous practices that ignore regional ordinances intended to safeguard the community. (
  • On June 28, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services' Administration for Strategic Preparedness and Response announced a phased, jurisdictional rollout of the JYNNEOS vaccine from the Strategic National Stockpile, prioritizing postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) and vaccination of persons with recent or ongoing risks for mpox infection. (
  • Des analyses bivariées et multivariées ont révélé que les répondants jeunes, de sexe masculin, en mauvaise santé, trouvant l'accès aux centres de soins difficile ou leurs services non satisfaisants étaient plus susceptibles de pratiquer l'automédication. (
  • This information can then be aggregated and used to determine the most commonly-requested languages in your public health district to ensure meaningful access to services. (
  • On this article, we discuss the professional training and its gaps for the psychologist's professional practice on public health, which doesn't offer theoretical, technical and critical tools to SUS (Unified Health System)'s work. (
  • Applies concepts and knowledge from nursing and public health. (
  • 2. Sometimes persons try to distinguish between community health nursing and public health nursing. (
  • Is a title that has historically been used, whereas public health nursing is the new "in" title for the role. (
  • Implement professional standards of nursing practice. (
  • If you want to help others in critical need, you can have a rewarding and fulfilling nursing career in mental health. (
  • Social Practice Theory was adopted in the development of the Perceived Stigma Index in which three social domains were extracted from data collected in the WHISPER or SHOUT study conducted among female sex workers (FSW), aged 16-35 years in Mombasa, Kenya. (
  • Social practice theory has solid properties that support and capture the multi-dimensional nature of perceived stigma. (
  • These factors, i.e., societal beliefs and practices, play a major role in creating the perceived stigma which in essence is the fear of being discriminated against or the fear of enacted stigma where the stigmatized persons internalize prejudices and develop negative feelings about themselves [ 5 ]. (
  • Strengthening Public Health Infrastructure, with Emphasis on Education and Practice. (
  • Practice-based teaching (PBT) is a pedagogical approach where students learn through course instruction while working on a real problem and producing implementable deliverables for a public health agency. (
  • Health systems in the Practice Greenhealth and Health Care Without Harm network are purchasing up to 60 percent of their meat and poultry with these attributes. (
  • Health Care Without Harm and Practice Greenhealth convened a working group of health system representatives that is calling on food producers, manufacturers, and the health care supply chain to help them reach their sustainable food purchasing goals using verified products that encourage animal welfare and sustainable production practices . (
  • Practice Greenhealth is the health care sector's go-to source for information, tools, data, resources, and expert technical support on sustainability initiatives that help hospitals and health systems meet their health, financial, and community goals. (
  • A survey of 500 patients attending primary health care centres in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia was carried out to determine the prevalence and factors associated with self-medication practice. (
  • Bivariate and multivariate analyses indicated that respondents who were young, male, having poor health status, reporting inconvenient access or dissatisfied with health care were more likely to practise self-medication. (
  • Annual TB testing of health care personnel is not recommended unless there is a known exposure or ongoing transmission (8). (
  • In most circumstances, these sex workers are predisposed to a plethora of stigmatizing forces in their daily lives through their interactions with relatives, neighbors, religious institutions, health providers and law enforcers. (
  • They are often members of multidisciplinary teams that include social workers, psychologists, psychiatrists, educators and other mental health professionals. (
  • When this labor-intensive effort ended, the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (DOHMH) began intensively recruiting hospitals capable of providing emergency department visit data in electronic formats. (
  • Mental health researchers who are interested in understanding how environment, culture and community affect the development of mental health disorders can benefit from the public health perspective provided by an MPH degree program. (
  • 3. Discuss mental health considerations and steps providers can take to protect their own health. (
  • Prioritize allocation of TSTs, in consultation with state and local public health authorities. (
  • Graduates of MPH programs who specialized in global health gain a deeper understanding of the sociocultural factors that affect public health in different countries and are prepared to assume leadership roles in the design and implementation of epidemiologic studies related to national and global health issues. (
  • To prepare MPH graduates for successful application of public health competencies in their careers, accredited schools of public health (SPH) must identify the knowledge and technical and professional skills needed for practice and provide opportunities for application of these skills in public health settings. (
  • In settings with a low likelihood of TB exposure, the deferment of routine serial testing should be considered in consultation with public health and occupational health authorities. (
  • Medicine and Occupational Health Clinic, 11 PLC (Formerly Mobil Oil Nigeria Plc), Apapa. (
  • Public health practice will need to be refined to include the provision of unbiased information that supports individual choice and decision making, as compared to current practice which tends to target health improvement at the population level through policy changes and guiding individual choice with incentives and disincentives. (
  • The emergency department surveillance system we describe is an early prototype of what may become a standard component of modern public health surveillance. (
  • EOCs either independently in the health department or as a Tel: +86 0531 88382127, +86 13810797464 part of the overall command system in the government. (
  • Reports are investigated by public health staff members and entered into the Communicable Disease Electronic Surveillance System (CDESS). (
  • Know and understand your LEP target audience before translating your public health content. (
  • recommends writing your health content for the 7th or 8th-grade reading level. (
  • When you are ready to translate your English public health content into other languages, I recommend targeting the 5th or 6th-grade reading level. (
  • A style guide is just as important for the look and feel of the public health materials as a glossary is for the content and context of the translated text. (
  • The importance of self-medication as a phenomenon has attracted the interest of health professionals including physicians and policy-makers, especially when drugs become deregulated and change from prescription status to be sold over-the-counter (OTC). (
  • Pain is inherently subjective, and there is enormous variation in how patients react to pain and how it is treated, even between physicians who practice the same subspecialty. (