A bone that forms the lower and anterior part of each side of the hip bone.
A slightly movable cartilaginous joint which occurs between the pubic bones.
Inflammation of the bone.
The external junctural region between the lower part of the abdomen and the thigh.
Surgical creation of an opening (stoma) in the URINARY BLADDER for drainage.
A sarcoma characterized by the presence of small cells, cells measuring 9-14 micrometers with a faint or indistinct rim of cytoplasm and an oval-to-elongated nucleus with relatively dense chromatin. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
A rare, aggressive soft tissue sarcoma that primarily affects adolescents and young adults. It is most commonly found in the abdomen.
A specialized CONNECTIVE TISSUE that is the main constituent of the SKELETON. The principle cellular component of bone is comprised of OSTEOBLASTS; OSTEOCYTES; and OSTEOCLASTS, while FIBRILLAR COLLAGENS and hydroxyapatite crystals form the BONE MATRIX.
The space or compartment surrounded by the pelvic girdle (bony pelvis). It is subdivided into the greater pelvis and LESSER PELVIS. The pelvic girdle is formed by the PELVIC BONES and SACRUM.
The continuous turnover of BONE MATRIX and mineral that involves first an increase in BONE RESORPTION (osteoclastic activity) and later, reactive BONE FORMATION (osteoblastic activity). The process of bone remodeling takes place in the adult skeleton at discrete foci. The process ensures the mechanical integrity of the skeleton throughout life and plays an important role in calcium HOMEOSTASIS. An imbalance in the regulation of bone remodeling's two contrasting events, bone resorption and bone formation, results in many of the metabolic bone diseases, such as OSTEOPOROSIS.
The amount of mineral per square centimeter of BONE. This is the definition used in clinical practice. Actual bone density would be expressed in grams per milliliter. It is most frequently measured by X-RAY ABSORPTIOMETRY or TOMOGRAPHY, X RAY COMPUTED. Bone density is an important predictor for OSTEOPOROSIS.
Bone loss due to osteoclastic activity.
The soft tissue filling the cavities of bones. Bone marrow exists in two types, yellow and red. Yellow marrow is found in the large cavities of large bones and consists mostly of fat cells and a few primitive blood cells. Red marrow is a hematopoietic tissue and is the site of production of erythrocytes and granular leukocytes. Bone marrow is made up of a framework of connective tissue containing branching fibers with the frame being filled with marrow cells.
General name for two extinct orders of reptiles from the Mesozoic era: Saurischia and Ornithischia.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.
I'm sorry for any confusion, but 'England' is not a medical term and does not have a medical definition. England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom, known for its rich history, cultural heritage, and contributions to medical science. However, in a medical context, it may refer to the location of a patient, healthcare provider, or research study, but it is not a term with a specific medical meaning.
A cutaneous pouch of skin containing the testicles and spermatic cords.
*Medical Definition:* 'Lizards' are not typically defined in the field of medicine, as they are a type of reptile and not a medical condition or healthcare-related concept; however, certain lizard species such as the Gila monster and beaded lizards possess venomous bites, which can lead to medical emergencies like envenomation requiring medical attention.
A historical and cultural entity dispersed across a wide geographical area under the political domination and influence of ancient Rome, bringing to the conquered people the Roman civilization and culture from 753 B.C. to the beginning of the imperial rule under Augustus in 27 B.C. The early city built on seven hills grew to conquer Sicily, Sardinia, Carthage, Gaul, Spain, Britain, Greece, Asia Minor, etc., and extended ultimately from Mesopotamia to the Atlantic. Roman medicine was almost entirely in Greek hands, but Rome, with its superior water system, remains a model of sanitation and hygiene. (From A. Castiglioni, A History of Medicine, 2d ed pp196-99; from F. H. Garrison, An Introduction to the History of Medicine, 4th ed, pp107-120)
A complete separation or tear in the wall of the UTERUS with or without expulsion of the FETUS. It may be due to injuries, multiple pregnancies, large fetus, previous scarring, or obstruction.
Delivery of an infant through the vagina in a female who has had a prior cesarean section.
Allowing a woman to be in LABOR, OBSTETRIC long enough to determine if vaginal birth may be anticipated.
Surgical removal of a LEIOMYOMA of the UTERUS.
Forcible or traumatic tear or break of an organ or other soft part of the body.
Extraction of the fetus by abdominal hysterotomy anytime following a previous cesarean.
Extraction of the FETUS by means of abdominal HYSTEROTOMY.
The female reproductive organs. The external organs include the VULVA; BARTHOLIN'S GLANDS; and CLITORIS. The internal organs include the VAGINA; UTERUS; OVARY; and FALLOPIAN TUBES.
The reproductive organ (GONADS) in female animals. In vertebrates, the ovary contains two functional parts: the OVARIAN FOLLICLE for the production of female germ cells (OOGENESIS); and the endocrine cells (GRANULOSA CELLS; THECA CELLS; and LUTEAL CELLS) for the production of ESTROGENS and PROGESTERONE.
The yellow body derived from the ruptured OVARIAN FOLLICLE after OVULATION. The process of corpus luteum formation, LUTEINIZATION, is regulated by LUTEINIZING HORMONE.
The biological science concerned with the life-supporting properties, functions, and processes of living organisms or their parts.
The hollow thick-walled muscular organ in the female PELVIS. It consists of the fundus (the body) which is the site of EMBRYO IMPLANTATION and FETAL DEVELOPMENT. Beyond the isthmus at the perineal end of fundus, is CERVIX UTERI (the neck) opening into VAGINA. Beyond the isthmi at the upper abdominal end of fundus, are the FALLOPIAN TUBES.
A gonadotropic glycoprotein hormone produced primarily by the PLACENTA. Similar to the pituitary LUTEINIZING HORMONE in structure and function, chorionic gonadotropin is involved in maintaining the CORPUS LUTEUM during pregnancy. CG consists of two noncovalently linked subunits, alpha and beta. Within a species, the alpha subunit is virtually identical to the alpha subunits of the three pituitary glycoprotein hormones (TSH, LH, and FSH), but the beta subunit is unique and confers its biological specificity (CHORIONIC GONADOTROPIN, BETA SUBUNIT, HUMAN).
A book is not a medical term, but generally refers to a set of printed or written sheets of paper bound together that can contain a wide range of information including literature, research, educational content, and more, which may be utilized in the medical field for various purposes such as learning, reference, or patient education.

The iliopubic tract: an important anatomical landmark in surgery. (1/73)

A band of fascial thickening, termed the iliopubic tract, lies on the posterior aspect of the inguinal region and has been described in the surgical literature as playing an important role during herniorraphy. This study was undertaken to examine the gross and microscopic anatomy of the iliopubic tract in 12 cadavers. The results confirmed that the iliopubic tract can be readily identified as a thickening of the transversalis fascia running deep and parallel to the inguinal ligament. It attaches to the superomedial part of the pubic bone medially, but laterally its fibres fan out within the fascia transversalis and fascia iliaca without bony attachment to the iliac spines. In contrast to the inguinal ligament, the histological analysis of the iliopubic tract shows a high elastin to collagen ratio. The functional significance of this structure merits further study, but there is no doubt that it is important in many approaches to inguinal herniorraphy. For this reason it is considered that the iliopubic tract deserves greater emphasis in the anatomy teaching of the inguinal region.  (+info)

Stress fracture of the hip and pubic rami after fusion to the sacrum in an adult with scoliosis: a case report. (2/73)

Correction of adult scoliosis frequently involves long segmental fusions, but controversy still exists whether these fusions should include the sacrum. It has been suggested that forces associated with activities of daily living transfer the stresses to the remaining levels of the spine and to the pelvis. The case described here was a 43-year-old woman with scoliosis and chronic back pain refractory to non-surgical modalities. Radiographically, the patient had a 110 degree lumbar curve. An anterior and posterior fusion with Luque-Galveston instrumentation was performed. Six months postoperatively the patient returned with a 2-week history of right hip pain with no history of trauma. There was radiographic evidence of a displaced femoral neck fracture and pubic rami fractures. The femoral neck fracture was treated with a total hip replacement. Further surgeries were required to correct a lumbar pseudoarthrosis and hardware failure. We believe that this case provides evidence that fusion into the lumbosacral junction may distribute forces through the pelvic bones and hip resulting in stress and potential hardware complications, especially in patients at risk due to osteopenic conditions.  (+info)

Incidence of pubic bone marrow oedema in Australian rules football players: relation to groin pain. (3/73)

OBJECTIVES: To examine the relation between the clinical features of groin pain and groin magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) appearances in a group largely comprising elite Australian Rules football players. The incidence of bone marrow oedema and other MRI findings in the pubic symphysis region was noted. The relation between a past history of groin pain and these other MRI findings was also examined. METHOD: In a prospective study, 116 male subjects (89 footballers, 17 umpires, 10 sedentary men) were examined before history taking and groin MRI. The clinical history was not known to the examiner (GMV) and radiologists (JPS, GTF). Clinical evidence of groin pain and examination findings were correlated with the presence of increased signal intensity within the pubic bone marrow. A past history of groin pain was correlated with the presence of other MRI findings such as cyst formation, fluid signal within the pubic symphysis disc, and irregularity of the pubic symphysis. RESULTS: Fifty two athletes (47 footballers, five umpires) had clinical features of groin pain with pubic symphysis and/or superior pubic ramus tenderness. A high incidence of increased signal intensity (77%) within the pubic bone marrow was identified in this group. There was an association between this group of athletes and the MRI finding of increased signal intensity (p<0.01). There was also an association between a past history of groin pain and the presence of other MRI findings (p<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Athletes with groin pain and tenderness of the pubic symphysis and/or superior pubic ramus have clinical features consistent with the diagnosis of osteitis pubis. The increased signal intensity seen on MRI is due to pubic bone marrow oedema. An association exists between the clinical features of osteitis pubis and the MRI finding of pubic bone marrow oedema. A high incidence of pubic bone marrow oedema was also noted. Degenerative features visualised by MRI, such as subchondral cyst formation, were associated with a past history of groin pain. A stress injury to the pubic bone is the most likely explanation for these MRI findings and may be the cause of the clinical entity osteitis pubis.  (+info)

Solitary bony metastasis as the first sign of malignant gastric tumor or of its recurrence. (4/73)

Symptomatic solitary bony metastasis as the First sign of asymptomatic gastric carcinoma is very infrequent. Only 8 cases reported by 7 authors have been found in the literature. Furthermore, solitary bony metastasis as the sole sign of recurrence after hopefully curative resections are so rare that none has been previously reported in the literature. Three additional instances of solitary and histologically proven osseous metastasis of malignant gastric neoplasms have been observed and treated at Memorial Hospital during the years 1949 through 1969, and are herewith reported.  (+info)

Fractures of the pubic rami. Epidemiology and five-year survival. (5/73)

We reviewed 286 consecutive patients with a fracture of a pubic ramus. The overall incidence was 6.9/100,000/year in the total population and 25.6/100,000/year in individuals aged over 60 years. The mean age of the patients was 74.7 years and 24.5% suffered from dementia. Women were affected 4.2 times more often than men. After injury, geriatric rehabilitation was frequently required and although most surviving patients returned to their original place of residence, their level of mobility was often worse. The overall survival rates at one and five years were 86.7% and 45.6%, respectively. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that age and dementia were the only independent significant factors to be predictive of mortality (p < 0.05). Patients with a fracture of a pubic ramus had a significantly worse survival than an age-matched cohort from the general population (log-rank test, p < 0.001), but this was better than patients with a fracture of the hip during the first year after injury, although their subsequent mortality was higher. Five years after the fracture there was no significant difference in survival between the two groups.  (+info)

Osteomyelitis pubis versus osteitis pubis: a case presentation and review of the literature. (6/73)

An athletic 23 year old man presented with suprapubic tenderness, fever, and raised inflammatory blood variables. A diagnostic laparoscopy was performed, with a presumed diagnosis of retrocaecal appendicitis, but no abnormalities were found, apart from free fluid in the pouch of Douglas. Imaging of the pubic area suggested bony infection and inflammation. Biopsy and culture confirmed the presence of Staphylococcus aureus, a very common pathogen. The final diagnosis was osteomyelitis pubis, an infectious disease, and osteitis pubis, an inflammatory disease.  (+info)

Intracranial hemangiopericytoma with extracranial metastasis occurring after 22 years. (7/73)

A 65-year-old man developed pancreatic and pubic tumors 22 years after craniotomy for a left sphenoid ridge tumor. The histological finding of the primary sphenoid ridge tumor was meningotheliomatous meningioma. The histological appearance of the biopsy specimen of the pubic tumor was hemangiopericytoma. The recurrent intracranial tumor was treated by radiosurgery, and the metastatic tumors were treated by conventional irradiation. Intracranial tumors rarely metastasize outside the central nervous system, except for meningeal hemangiopericytomas. This case indicates that meningeal hemangiopericytoma may metastasize many years after the initial onset and requires long-term follow up.  (+info)

Periacetabular osteotomy of the hip: the ilioinguinal approach. (8/73)

Developmental hip dysplasia (DDH) is characterized by an anomalous growth of the hipjoint. Without adequate treatment, the natural history of DDH is development of secondary osteoarthritis in adulthood. The correction of the deformities modifies the biomechanics of the hip, which is important in order to slow down the progression of osteoarthritis and maybe to prevent and postpone this development. The Bernese periacetabular osteotomy is a procedure which reorientates the acetabular articular surface. Several surgical approaches have been used to achieve the same effective osteotomy. No surgical approach represents "the optimum", with selection of appropriate exposure representing a balance of advantages and disadvantages. We used the ilioinguinal approach in 32 periacetabular osteotomies for acetabular dysplasia performed between 1996 and 2002. The operation was successful in 30 patients with acceptable operation time and blood loss and few complications. The advantages and disadvantages with the ilioinguinal approach as compared to other possibile incisions are discussed.  (+info)

The pubic bone, also known as the pubis or pubic symphysis, is a part of the pelvis - the complex ring-like structure that forms the lower part of the trunk and supports the weight of the upper body. The pubic bone is the anterior (front) portion of the pelvic girdle, located at the bottom of the abdomen, and it connects to the other side at the pubic symphysis, a cartilaginous joint.

The pubic bone plays an essential role in supporting the lower limbs and providing attachment for various muscles involved in movements like walking, running, and jumping. It also protects some abdominal organs and contributes to the structure of the pelvic outlet, which is crucial during childbirth.

The pubic symphysis is the joint in the front of the pelvis that connects the two halves of the pelvic girdle, specifically the pubic bones. It's located at the lower part of the anterior (front) pelvic region. Unlike most joints, which are movable and contain synovial fluid, the pubic symphysis is a cartilaginous joint, also known as an amphiarthrosis.

The joint consists of fibrocartilaginous discs, ligaments, and the articular surfaces of the adjacent pubic bones. The fibrocartilaginous disc helps to absorb shock and reduce friction between the two bones. The main function of the pubic symphysis is to provide stability for the pelvis and transfer weight and forces from the upper body to the lower limbs during activities like walking, running, or jumping.

The pubic symphysis has a limited range of motion, allowing only slight movement in response to pressure or tension. During pregnancy and childbirth, the hormone relaxin is released, which increases the laxity of the pelvic joints, including the pubic symphysis, to accommodate the growing fetus and facilitate delivery. This increased mobility can sometimes lead to discomfort or pain in the area, known as symphysis pubis dysfunction (SPD) or pelvic girdle pain.

Osteitis is a medical term that refers to the inflammation of bone tissue. It can occur as a result of various conditions, such as infection (osteomyelitis), trauma, or autoimmune disorders. The symptoms of osteitis may include pain, swelling, warmth, and redness in the affected area, as well as fever and general malaise. Treatment typically involves addressing the underlying cause of the inflammation, which may involve antibiotics for infection or anti-inflammatory medications for other causes. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove infected or damaged bone tissue.

In medical terms, the "groin" refers to the area where the lower abdomen meets the thigh. It is located on both sides of the body, in front of the upper part of each leg. The groin contains several important structures such as the inguinal canal, which contains blood vessels and nerves, and the femoral artery and vein, which supply blood to and from the lower extremities. Issues in this region, such as pain or swelling, may indicate a variety of medical conditions, including muscle strains, hernias, or infections.

A cystostomy is a surgical procedure that creates an opening through the wall of the bladder to allow urine to drain out. This opening, or stoma, is usually connected to a external collection device, such as a bag or a tube. The purpose of a cystostomy is to provide a stable and reliable way for urine to leave the body when a person is unable to urinate naturally due to injury, illness, or other medical conditions that affect bladder function.

There are several types of cystostomies, including temporary and permanent procedures. A temporary cystostomy may be performed as a short-term solution while a patient recovers from surgery or an injury, or when a person is unable to urinate temporarily due to an obstruction in the urinary tract. In these cases, the cystostomy can be closed once the underlying issue has been resolved.

A permanent cystostomy may be recommended for individuals who have irreversible bladder damage or dysfunction, such as those with spinal cord injuries, neurological disorders, or certain types of cancer. In these cases, a cystostomy can help improve quality of life by allowing for regular and reliable urinary drainage, reducing the risk of complications like urinary tract infections and kidney damage.

It's important to note that a cystostomy is a significant surgical procedure that carries risks and potential complications, such as bleeding, infection, and injury to surrounding tissues. As with any surgery, it's essential to discuss the benefits and risks of a cystostomy with a healthcare provider to determine whether it's the right option for an individual's specific medical needs.

Small cell sarcoma is a very rare and aggressive type of cancer that affects the connective tissues in the body, such as muscles, tendons, bones, cartilage, and fat. It is called "small cell" because the cancer cells are small and appear round or oval in shape, with scant cytoplasm and finely granular chromatin.

Small cell sarcoma typically occurs in adults between the ages of 40 and 70, and it can develop in any part of the body. However, it is most commonly found in the extremities, trunk, and retroperitoneum. The exact cause of small cell sarcoma is not known, but it is thought to be associated with genetic mutations that occur during a person's lifetime.

Small cell sarcoma can be difficult to diagnose because it often does not cause any symptoms until it has advanced to an aggressive stage. When symptoms do occur, they may include pain, swelling, or a lump in the affected area. Diagnosis typically involves a biopsy of the tumor tissue, followed by imaging tests such as CT scans, MRI scans, or PET scans to determine the extent of the cancer.

Treatment for small cell sarcoma usually involves surgery to remove the tumor, followed by radiation therapy and/or chemotherapy to kill any remaining cancer cells. However, because small cell sarcoma is so rare and aggressive, treatment options may be limited, and the prognosis is often poor. Clinical trials of new treatments are also an option for some patients.

A Desmoplastic Small Round Cell Tumor (DSRCT) is a rare and aggressive type of cancer that primarily affects young adults, typically between the ages of 10 to 30. It is characterized by the presence of small round tumor cells that are surrounded by a dense fibrous or desmoplastic stroma.

DSRCTs usually originate in the abdominal cavity, particularly in the peritoneum, which is the membrane that lines the abdominal wall and covers the organs within it. However, they can also occur in other parts of the body such as the lungs, mediastinum, and pelvis.

The tumor cells in DSRCTs typically have a specific chromosomal abnormality known as the t(11;22)(p13;q12) translocation, which results in the fusion of two genes - EWSR1 and WT1. This genetic alteration is thought to contribute to the development and progression of DSRCTs.

DSRCTs are highly aggressive tumors that tend to spread rapidly throughout the body, making them difficult to treat. Treatment options typically include a combination of surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy, although the prognosis for patients with DSRCTs is generally poor, with a five-year survival rate of less than 15%.

"Bone" is the hard, dense connective tissue that makes up the skeleton of vertebrate animals. It provides support and protection for the body's internal organs, and serves as a attachment site for muscles, tendons, and ligaments. Bone is composed of cells called osteoblasts and osteoclasts, which are responsible for bone formation and resorption, respectively, and an extracellular matrix made up of collagen fibers and mineral crystals.

Bones can be classified into two main types: compact bone and spongy bone. Compact bone is dense and hard, and makes up the outer layer of all bones and the shafts of long bones. Spongy bone is less dense and contains large spaces, and makes up the ends of long bones and the interior of flat and irregular bones.

The human body has 206 bones in total. They can be further classified into five categories based on their shape: long bones, short bones, flat bones, irregular bones, and sesamoid bones.

The pelvis is the lower part of the trunk, located between the abdomen and the lower limbs. It is formed by the fusion of several bones: the ilium, ischium, and pubis (which together form the hip bone on each side), and the sacrum and coccyx in the back. The pelvis has several functions including supporting the weight of the upper body when sitting, protecting the lower abdominal organs, and providing attachment for muscles that enable movement of the lower limbs. In addition, it serves as a bony canal through which the reproductive and digestive tracts pass. The pelvic cavity contains several vital organs such as the bladder, parts of the large intestine, and in females, the uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes.

Bone remodeling is the normal and continuous process by which bone tissue is removed from the skeleton (a process called resorption) and new bone tissue is formed (a process called formation). This ongoing cycle allows bones to repair microdamage, adjust their size and shape in response to mechanical stress, and maintain mineral homeostasis. The cells responsible for bone resorption are osteoclasts, while the cells responsible for bone formation are osteoblasts. These two cell types work together to maintain the structural integrity and health of bones throughout an individual's life.

During bone remodeling, the process can be divided into several stages:

1. Activation: The initiation of bone remodeling is triggered by various factors such as microdamage, hormonal changes, or mechanical stress. This leads to the recruitment and activation of osteoclast precursor cells.
2. Resorption: Osteoclasts attach to the bone surface and create a sealed compartment called a resorption lacuna. They then secrete acid and enzymes that dissolve and digest the mineralized matrix, creating pits or cavities on the bone surface. This process helps remove old or damaged bone tissue and releases calcium and phosphate ions into the bloodstream.
3. Reversal: After resorption is complete, the osteoclasts undergo apoptosis (programmed cell death), and mononuclear cells called reversal cells appear on the resorbed surface. These cells prepare the bone surface for the next stage by cleaning up debris and releasing signals that attract osteoblast precursors.
4. Formation: Osteoblasts, derived from mesenchymal stem cells, migrate to the resorbed surface and begin producing a new organic matrix called osteoid. As the osteoid mineralizes, it forms a hard, calcified structure that gradually replaces the resorbed bone tissue. The osteoblasts may become embedded within this newly formed bone as they differentiate into osteocytes, which are mature bone cells responsible for maintaining bone homeostasis and responding to mechanical stress.
5. Mineralization: Over time, the newly formed bone continues to mineralize, becoming stronger and more dense. This process helps maintain the structural integrity of the skeleton and ensures adequate calcium storage.

Throughout this continuous cycle of bone remodeling, hormones, growth factors, and mechanical stress play crucial roles in regulating the balance between resorption and formation. Disruptions to this delicate equilibrium can lead to various bone diseases, such as osteoporosis, where excessive resorption results in weakened bones and increased fracture risk.

Bone density refers to the amount of bone mineral content (usually measured in grams) in a given volume of bone (usually measured in cubic centimeters). It is often used as an indicator of bone strength and fracture risk. Bone density is typically measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scans, which provide a T-score that compares the patient's bone density to that of a young adult reference population. A T-score of -1 or above is considered normal, while a T-score between -1 and -2.5 indicates osteopenia (low bone mass), and a T-score below -2.5 indicates osteoporosis (porous bones). Regular exercise, adequate calcium and vitamin D intake, and medication (if necessary) can help maintain or improve bone density and prevent fractures.

Bone resorption is the process by which bone tissue is broken down and absorbed into the body. It is a normal part of bone remodeling, in which old or damaged bone tissue is removed and new tissue is formed. However, excessive bone resorption can lead to conditions such as osteoporosis, in which bones become weak and fragile due to a loss of density. This process is carried out by cells called osteoclasts, which break down the bone tissue and release minerals such as calcium into the bloodstream.

Bone marrow is the spongy tissue found inside certain bones in the body, such as the hips, thighs, and vertebrae. It is responsible for producing blood-forming cells, including red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. There are two types of bone marrow: red marrow, which is involved in blood cell production, and yellow marrow, which contains fatty tissue.

Red bone marrow contains hematopoietic stem cells, which can differentiate into various types of blood cells. These stem cells continuously divide and mature to produce new blood cells that are released into the circulation. Red blood cells carry oxygen throughout the body, white blood cells help fight infections, and platelets play a crucial role in blood clotting.

Bone marrow also serves as a site for immune cell development and maturation. It contains various types of immune cells, such as lymphocytes, macrophages, and dendritic cells, which help protect the body against infections and diseases.

Abnormalities in bone marrow function can lead to several medical conditions, including anemia, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, and various types of cancer, such as leukemia and multiple myeloma. Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy are common diagnostic procedures used to evaluate bone marrow health and function.

Dinosaurs are a group of reptiles that were the dominant terrestrial vertebrates for over 160 million years, from the late Triassic period until the end of the Cretaceous period. They first appeared approximately 230 million years ago and went extinct around 65 million years ago.

Dinosaurs are characterized by their upright stance, with legs positioned directly under their bodies, and a wide range of body sizes and shapes. Some dinosaurs were enormous, such as the long-necked sauropods that could reach lengths of over 100 feet, while others were small and agile.

Dinosaurs are classified into two main groups: the saurischians (lizard-hipped) and the ornithischians (bird-hipped). The saurischians include both the large carnivorous theropods, such as Tyrannosaurus rex, and the long-necked sauropods. The ornithischians were primarily herbivores and included a diverse array of species, such as the armored ankylosaurs and the horned ceratopsians.

Despite their extinction, dinosaurs have left a lasting impact on our planet and continue to be a source of fascination for people of all ages. The study of dinosaurs, known as paleontology, has shed light on many aspects of Earth's history and the evolution of life on our planet.

An encyclopedia is a comprehensive reference work containing articles on various topics, usually arranged in alphabetical order. In the context of medicine, a medical encyclopedia is a collection of articles that provide information about a wide range of medical topics, including diseases and conditions, treatments, tests, procedures, and anatomy and physiology. Medical encyclopedias may be published in print or electronic formats and are often used as a starting point for researching medical topics. They can provide reliable and accurate information on medical subjects, making them useful resources for healthcare professionals, students, and patients alike. Some well-known examples of medical encyclopedias include the Merck Manual and the Stedman's Medical Dictionary.

In medical terms, "fossils" do not have a specific or direct relevance to the field. However, in a broader scientific context, fossils are the remains or impressions of prehistoric organisms preserved in petrified form or as a mold or cast in rock. They offer valuable evidence about the Earth's history and the life forms that existed on it millions of years ago.

Paleopathology is a subfield of paleontology that deals with the study of diseases in fossils, which can provide insights into the evolution of diseases and human health over time.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "England" is not a medical term or concept. It is one of the four constituent countries that make up the United Kingdom, along with Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland. England is located in the southern part of Great Britain, which is the largest island of the British Isles.

If you have any questions related to medicine or healthcare, I would be happy to try to help answer them for you!

The scrotum is a part of the external male genitalia. It's a sac-like structure made up of several layers of skin and smooth muscle, which hangs down behind and beneath the penis. The primary function of the scrotum is to maintain the testicles at a temperature slightly lower than the core body temperature, which is optimal for sperm production.

The scrotum contains two compartments, each one housing a testicle. It's located in the pubic region and is usually visible externally. The skin of the scrotum is thin and wrinkled, which allows it to expand and contract depending on the temperature, accommodating the shrinking or swelling of the testicles.

Please note that while I strive to provide accurate information, this definition is intended to be a general overview and should not replace professional medical advice.

I apologize for any confusion, but "lizards" is not a term used in medical definition. Lizards are a group of scaled reptiles constituting the order Squamata, characterized by having skin covered with overlapping scales, external ears, and movable eyelids. They are found worldwide in a variety of habitats, ranging from desert to tropical environments. If you have any questions related to medical terminology or health concerns, I'd be happy to help!

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Roman World" is not a medical term. It may refer to the geographical area, culture, or time period associated with the ancient Roman Empire. If you have any questions about medical terminology or concepts, I would be happy to help answer those!

Uterine rupture is a serious obstetrical complication characterized by the disruption or tearing of all layers of the uterine wall, including the serosa (outer covering), myometrium (middle layer of muscle), and endometrium (inner lining). This can occur during pregnancy, labor, or delivery. In some cases, it may also involve the rupture of the adjacent structures such as bladder or broad ligament. Uterine rupture is a medical emergency that requires immediate surgical intervention to prevent maternal and fetal mortality or morbidity.

The symptoms of uterine rupture might include severe abdominal pain, vaginal bleeding, loss of fetal heart rate, changes in the mother's vital signs, and shock. The risk factors for uterine rupture include previous cesarean delivery, grand multiparity (having given birth to five or more pregnancies), use of labor-inducing drugs like oxytocin, and instrumental deliveries with vacuum extractors or forceps.

The management of uterine rupture typically involves an emergency laparotomy (open abdominal surgery) to repair the tear and stop any bleeding. In some cases, a hysterectomy (removal of the uterus) may be necessary if the damage is too severe or if there are other complications. The prognosis for both mother and baby depends on various factors like the extent of the injury, timeliness of treatment, and the overall health status of the patient before the event.

Vaginal Birth after Cesarean (VBAC) is a medical term used to describe a woman's successful childbirth through the vagina after she has previously given birth via cesarean section. The process involves the mother going into labor naturally or being induced, and delivering the baby through the birth canal. VBAC is often pursued as a means to avoid the risks associated with repeat cesarean deliveries, such as infection, blood loss, and surgical complications. However, it's important to note that VBAC carries its own set of risks, including uterine rupture, which can be life-threatening for both mother and baby. As a result, careful consideration and consultation with healthcare providers are necessary before making a decision about attempting a VBAC.

A "trial of labor" (ToL) is a medical term used to describe the attempt to deliver a baby vaginally, without the use of a cesarean section (C-section), after a previous C-section delivery. It's also sometimes referred to as "VBAC" (vaginal birth after cesarean). The decision to undergo a trial of labor is made after considering several factors, including the reason for the prior C-section, the woman's overall health and pregnancy complications, if any.

During a trial of labor, the healthcare provider will monitor both the mother and the baby closely for signs of distress or other complications that might require an emergency C-section. The success rate of a trial of labor varies depending on several factors, including the number of previous C-sections, the reason for those C-sections, and whether there are any additional risk factors present in the current pregnancy.

It's important to note that while a trial of labor can be successful and result in a vaginal delivery, it also carries some risks, such as the possibility of uterine rupture, which is a serious complication that requires immediate medical attention. Therefore, the decision to undergo a trial of labor should be made carefully and discussed thoroughly with a healthcare provider.

A uterine myomectomy is a surgical procedure that involves removing uterine fibroids, which are noncancerous growths that develop in the muscular wall of the uterus. The surgery aims to preserve the uterus, unlike a hysterectomy, where the entire uterus is removed.

During the myomectomy procedure, the surgeon makes an incision in the uterus, carefully extracts the fibroids, and then closes the incision. The approach to the surgery can vary depending on factors such as the size, number, and location of the fibroids:

1. Abdominal myomectomy: An open surgical procedure where an incision is made in the lower abdomen to access the uterus directly. This method is typically used when there are numerous or large fibroids.
2. Laparoscopic myomectomy: A minimally invasive procedure that involves making several small incisions in the abdomen, through which a laparoscope (a thin, lighted tube with a camera) and specialized surgical instruments are inserted to perform the surgery. This method is often preferred for smaller fibroids and when preserving the uterus is essential.
3. Hysteroscopic myomectomy: Another minimally invasive procedure that involves inserting a hysteroscope through the cervix into the uterine cavity to remove submucosal fibroids (fibroids that grow into the inner cavity of the uterus). No abdominal incisions are required for this approach.

Recovery time and postoperative discomfort will vary depending on the type of myomectomy performed, but generally, minimally invasive procedures result in quicker recoveries and fewer complications compared to open surgeries.

A rupture, in medical terms, refers to the breaking or tearing of an organ, tissue, or structure in the body. This can occur due to various reasons such as trauma, injury, increased pressure, or degeneration. A ruptured organ or structure can lead to serious complications, including internal bleeding, infection, and even death, if not treated promptly and appropriately. Examples of ruptures include a ruptured appendix, ruptured eardrum, or a ruptured disc in the spine.

A "repeat cesarean section" is a medical term that refers to the delivery of a fetus through surgical incision in the abdominal and uterine walls, which has been performed previously. It is also known as a "classical repeat cesarean delivery." This procedure may be recommended when vaginal birth poses potential risks to the mother or the baby, such as in cases of placenta previa, previous classical uterine incision, or multiple pregnancies. The decision for a repeat cesarean section is typically made after considering various factors, including the patient's medical history, current pregnancy status, and personal preferences.

A Cesarean section, often referred to as a C-section, is a surgical procedure used to deliver a baby. It involves making an incision through the mother's abdomen and uterus to remove the baby. This procedure may be necessary when a vaginal delivery would put the mother or the baby at risk.

There are several reasons why a C-section might be recommended, including:

* The baby is in a breech position (feet first) or a transverse position (sideways) and cannot be turned to a normal head-down position.
* The baby is too large to safely pass through the mother's birth canal.
* The mother has a medical condition, such as heart disease or high blood pressure, that could make vaginal delivery risky.
* The mother has an infection, such as HIV or herpes, that could be passed to the baby during a vaginal delivery.
* The labor is not progressing and there are concerns about the health of the mother or the baby.

C-sections are generally safe for both the mother and the baby, but like any surgery, they do carry some risks. These can include infection, bleeding, blood clots, and injury to nearby organs. In addition, women who have a C-section are more likely to experience complications in future pregnancies, such as placenta previa or uterine rupture.

If you have questions about whether a C-section is necessary for your delivery, it's important to discuss your options with your healthcare provider.

Female genitalia refer to the reproductive and sexual organs located in the female pelvic region. They are primarily involved in reproduction, menstruation, and sexual activity. The external female genitalia, also known as the vulva, include the mons pubis, labia majora, labia minora, clitoris, and the external openings of the urethra and vagina. The internal female genitalia consist of the vagina, cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries. These structures work together to facilitate menstruation, fertilization, pregnancy, and childbirth.

An ovary is a part of the female reproductive system in which ova or eggs are produced through the process of oogenesis. They are a pair of solid, almond-shaped structures located one on each side of the uterus within the pelvic cavity. Each ovary measures about 3 to 5 centimeters in length and weighs around 14 grams.

The ovaries have two main functions: endocrine (hormonal) function and reproductive function. They produce and release eggs (ovulation) responsible for potential fertilization and development of an embryo/fetus during pregnancy. Additionally, they are essential in the production of female sex hormones, primarily estrogen and progesterone, which regulate menstrual cycles, sexual development, and reproduction.

During each menstrual cycle, a mature egg is released from one of the ovaries into the fallopian tube, where it may be fertilized by sperm. If not fertilized, the egg, along with the uterine lining, will be shed, leading to menstruation.

The corpus luteum is a temporary endocrine structure that forms in the ovary after an oocyte (egg) has been released from a follicle during ovulation. It's formed by the remaining cells of the ruptured follicle, which transform into large, hormone-secreting cells.

The primary function of the corpus luteum is to produce progesterone and, to a lesser extent, estrogen during the menstrual cycle or pregnancy. Progesterone plays a crucial role in preparing the uterus for potential implantation of a fertilized egg and maintaining the early stages of pregnancy. If pregnancy does not occur, the corpus luteum will typically degenerate and stop producing hormones after approximately 10-14 days, leading to menstruation.

However, if pregnancy occurs, the developing embryo starts to produce human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), which signals the corpus luteum to continue secreting progesterone and estrogen until the placenta takes over hormonal production, usually around the end of the first trimester.

Physiology is the scientific study of the normal functions and mechanisms of living organisms, including all of their biological systems, organs, cells, and biomolecules. It focuses on how various bodily functions are regulated, coordinated, and integrated to maintain a healthy state in an organism. This field encompasses a wide range of areas such as cellular physiology, neurophysiology, cardiovascular physiology, respiratory physiology, renal physiology, endocrine physiology, reproductive physiology, and exercise physiology, among others. Physiologists use a combination of experimental and theoretical approaches to understand the principles underlying normal biological function and to investigate how these functions are altered in various disease states.

The uterus, also known as the womb, is a hollow, muscular organ located in the female pelvic cavity, between the bladder and the rectum. It has a thick, middle layer called the myometrium, which is composed of smooth muscle tissue, and an inner lining called the endometrium, which provides a nurturing environment for the fertilized egg to develop into a fetus during pregnancy.

The uterus is where the baby grows and develops until it is ready for birth through the cervix, which is the lower, narrow part of the uterus that opens into the vagina. The uterus plays a critical role in the menstrual cycle as well, by shedding its lining each month if pregnancy does not occur.

Chorionic Gonadotropin (hCG) is a hormone that is produced during pregnancy. It is produced by the placenta after implantation of the fertilized egg in the uterus. The main function of hCG is to prevent the disintegration of the corpus luteum, which is a temporary endocrine structure that forms in the ovary after ovulation and produces progesterone during early pregnancy. Progesterone is essential for maintaining the lining of the uterus and supporting the pregnancy.

hCG can be detected in the blood or urine as early as 10 days after conception, and its levels continue to rise throughout the first trimester of pregnancy. In addition to its role in maintaining pregnancy, hCG is also used as a clinical marker for pregnancy and to monitor certain medical conditions such as gestational trophoblastic diseases.

I apologize for any confusion, but "books" is a general term that refers to bound sets of pages that are printed or written with text, illustrations, or signs, and are meant to be read, studied, or consulted. It does not have a specific medical definition. If you're looking for information about a specific medical term or concept, please let me know and I'd be happy to help!

The pubic bone is straight. The pubic bones of both pelvis halves are connected via narrow bony skirts that originated at a ... a piece of the pubic bone; OUM J13565, a part of the ischium; OUM J13561, a thigh bone and OUM J13572, the lower part of a ... Buckland misidentified several bones, interpreting the pubic bone as a fibula and mistaking the ischium for a clavicle. ... It was the first illustration of a dinosaur bone published. Plot correctly identified the bone as the lower extremity of the ...
The pubic bone is unknown. The ischium is a short, curved, vertically positioned bone strap. The thighbone is short, robust and ... The palpebral bones over the eyes may have provided additional protection for the eyes. Such bones with Euoplocephalus have ... the form of the palpebral bones (small bones over the eyes), which may have served as bony eyelids; the shallowness of the ... The frontmost snout bone, the premaxilla, is toothless. The teeth are very small, with a maximal height and width of just 7.5 ...
... the end of a spoke bone; eight hand claws; pieces of a left femur; five upper shafts of pubic bones; five partial femurs; the ... Between the lower pubic shafts is a well-developed leg apron that begins at the top of the shaft as a sharp ledge. Novas et al ... The maxilla has a smooth bone structure on the outside that is further characterized by a horizontal row of large vein canals. ... Above the lower articular nodule for the spoke bone is a deep and rounded groove. The ulna has a weakly developed processus ...
... a left pubic bone (MNHN.F.LES16b); and a second right metatarsal (MNHN.F.LES16d) associated with the skeleton. In 2016, a new ... The exact location the bones were recovered, is today unknown. In 1993, Fran├žois-Xavier Gauffre assigned the remains to a ... a thighbone or femur and other assorted bones, south of the village of Thabana Morena. In 1962 these were addressed in a thesis ...
Left: Three-dimensional model of levator ani subdivisions including the pubic bone and pelvic viscera. Right: The same model ... without the pubic bone. Cortical parcellations derived from SPGR images obtained from a tumor patient. Intraoperative ...
Nothing of the pubic bones has been found. The thighbones are only slightly longer than the shinbones. In this, Stegouros is ... The maxillary bones merge seamlessly into the plate-shaped lacrimal bones that slope backwards. The maxillary bones have ... It lacks the skull roof, the rear lower jaws, the shoulder blades, the right humerus and the pubic bones. Some osteoderms were ... The row of teeth starts slightly in front of the lacrimal bone and continues below the eye socket. The entire top of the eye ...
The pubic bone is slightly directed to the rear. It ends in a hook-shaped "foot", as with the Unenlagiidae. The ischium has a ... The lacrimal bone has a crest strongly projecting to above and sideways. In the lower jaw, the dentary is robust with the front ... The specific name is the Chinese ju ji, "big crest", in reference to the large crest on the lacrimal bone of the skull. The ... In front of this orbit, the lacrimal bone has a long and robust horn-like process, oriented sideways at its base and gradually ...
The three pelvic bones: the ilium, the ischium, and the pubic bone, are not fused and often do not even touch each other. Also ... The pubic bone typically does not connect to the ischium behind it; the space in between is by some workers identified as the ... Some later species have a connected pubic bone and ischium, but in this case, the femoral head no longer articulates with the ... Triassic species have plate-like pubic bones and ischia; in later species these elements become elongated with a narrow shaft ...
... "above the pubic bone". The upper limit is the umbilicus while the pubis bone constitutes its lower limit. The lateral ...
Some rub their clitoris against their partner's pubic bone. Crooks, Robert L.; Baur, Karla; Widman, Laura (2020). Our Sexuality ... Genital-genital and genital-body contact (including tribadism) can spread STIs such as human papillomavirus (HPV), pubic lice ( ... Some rub the clitoris on the partner's pubic pone. Smith, Clarissa; Attwood, Feona; McNair, Brian (2017). The Routledge ...
The pubic bone probably pointed obliquely to the front. The ischium is elongated. Sinusonasus has a long lower leg, indicating ... The nasal bone has an undulating profile. The middle maxillary teeth are rather large. The chevrons on the rear caudal ...
Some rub their clitoris against their partner's pubic bone." "Within a few seconds the clitoris returns to its normal position ... any external clitoral stimulation while in the missionary position usually results from the pubic bone area, the movement of ... often contains a small bone. In females, this bone is known as the os clitoridis. Many species of Talpid moles exhibit peniform ... Concealed behind the labia minora, the crura ends with attachment at or just below the middle of the pubic arch. Associated are ...
It runs on the pectineal line of the pubic bone. The pectineal ligament is the posterior border of the femoral ring. The ...
The prepubic process of the pubic bone is transversely flattened. While initially considered a member of the Hypsilophodontidae ...
... relaxin widens the pubic bone and facilitates labor; it also softens the cervix (cervical ripening), and softens the pubic ...
The foot of the pubic bone is notched from behind. In general the skull is rather flat, its height being less than three times ... The lacrimal bone has a distinctive rounded horn on top. The lower branch of the postorbital bone is transversely wide. The ... The crescent-shaped wrist bone is very flat. The first metacarpal has a broadly expanding contact surface with the second ... are lacking apart from the prearticular bone), parts of the spinal column, partial forelimbs, a partial pelvis, and most of the ...
Their neck relaxes and the pubic bone begins to protrude. Their anterior rib drops and their T5 (5th thoracic vertebra) drops. ... They are unable to squat with their heels on the ground with their legs at the width of their iliac bones and tend to fall ... Their pelvis is in a relaxed state with the iliac bones spread apart[1]. Their movements are leisurely in tempo. ...
... the main body of a left pubic bone; MPM 21533: a set of young animals of which the upper side of a right thigh bone, three ... upper sides of a left thigh bone, three lower sides of a left thigh bone and two shafts of a thigh bone; MPM 21534: the lower ... Different bones from the same location were designated as paratypes. These were MPM 21526, a piece of a cervical vertebra; MPM ... In 1980, geologist Francisco E. Nullo noticed the presence of sauropod bones on a hillside of the Estancia Alta Vista, south of ...
The pubic bone was exceptionally long relative to the ilium. The only other oviraptorosaur reported to have a pygostyle is ... Similicaudipteryx also differed from its relatives by possessing a dagger-shaped pygostyle (the bone at the end of the tail to ...
In the pubic region around the pubis bone, it is known as a pubic patch. Pubic hair is also found on the scrotum and base of ... The pubic hair can usually host up to a dozen on average. Pubic lice are usually found attached to hair in the pubic area but ... Pubic hair can become infested with pubic lice (also known as crab lice). Adult pubic lice are 1.1-1.8 millimetres (0.043-0.071 ... The onset of pubic hair development is termed pubarche. In males, the first pubic hair appears as a few sparse hairs that are ...
The superior pubic ligament connects together the two pubic bones superiorly, extending laterally as far as the pubic tubercles ... connecting together the two pubic bones below, and forming the upper boundary of the pubic arch. Above, it is blended with the ... Women have a greater thickness of this pubic disc which allows more mobility of the pelvic bones, hence providing a greater ... The ends of both pubic bones are covered by a thin layer of hyaline cartilage attached to the fibrocartilage. The ...
The pelvic girdle consists of the two hip bones. The hip bones are connected to each other anteriorly at the pubic symphysis, ... The two hip bones are joined anteriorly at the pubic symphysis by a fibrous cartilage covered by a hyaline cartilage, the ... The lower ring, formed by the rami of the pubic and ischial bones, supports the acetabulum and is twisted 80-90 degrees in ... Accordingly, the angle is called subpubic angle in men and pubic arch in women. Additionally, the bones forming the angle/arch ...
The body forms the wide, strong, medial and flat portion of the pubic bone which unites with the other pubic bone in the pubic ... The hip bone (os coxae, innominate bone, pelvic bone or coxal bone) is a large flat bone, constricted in the center and ... The superior pubic ramus is a part of the pubic bone which forms a portion of the obturator foramen. It extends from the body ... The two hip bones join each other at the pubic symphysis. Together with the sacrum and coccyx, the hip bones form the pelvis. ...
... in the pubic region covering the pubic bone. Mons pubis is Latin for "pubic mound" and is present in both sexes to act as a ... The rounded mass of fatty tissue lying over the joint of the pubic bones, in women typically more prominent and also called the ... The mons pubis provides cushioning against the pubic bone during intercourse. A number of different secretions are associated ... and the glans moves towards the pubic bone, becoming concealed by the hood. The labia minora increase considerably in thickness ...
In humans, the ventral joint of the pubic bones is closed. The most striking feature of evolution of the pelvis in primates is ... Each hip bone consists of three components, the ilium, the ischium, and the pubis, and at the time of sexual maturity these ... In primates, the pelvis consists of four parts-the left and the right hip bones which meet in the mid-line ventrally and are ... bones become fused together, though there is never any movement between them. ...
The prosthesis is implanted with a sturdy fixation on pubic bone. Another, thinner malleable implant is intended for ...
Huayangosaurus still had rather long and obliquely oriented ischia and pubic bones. In more derived species, these became more ... However, in this position, most bones in the hand would be disarticulated. In reality, the hand bones of stegosaurians were ... The wrist bones were reinforced by a fusion into two blocks, an ulnar and a radial. The front feet of stegosaurians are ... Later species have a vertical bone plate covering the outer side of the lower jaw teeth. The structure of the upper jaw, with a ...
... both pubic bones, a left ischium (lower and rearmost hip bone), a right femur, a tibia (shin bone), the upper part of a fibula ... In the pelvis, the pubic bone had a length of 212 millimetres. It points obliquely to the front. The pubic foot is moderately ... The pubic bone is obliquely directed to the front and is considerably longer than the ischium. The fourth tarsal had a process ... It contains both praemaxilla (frontmost upper jaw bones), both maxillae (main upper jaw bone), teeth, a lacrimal, a jugal, a ...
Uncommon parts include pubic hair, muscle, blood, bone, semen, and menstrual blood. The Bencao Gangmu describes the use of 35 ... Human pubic hair ("shady hair") was claimed to cure snakebite, difficult birth, abnormal urination, and "yin and yang disorder ... Powdered antlers, horns, teeth, and bones are second in importance to ginseng, with claims ranging from curing cancer to curing ... Scorpion, Acupuncture Todady Archived 2011-01-04 at the Wayback Machine "Harvard Gazette: Scorpion venom blocks bone loss". ...
... "pubic apron" formed by the pubic bones. Within the troodontids, Jianianhualong displays a unique combination of characteristics ... The bar of bone separating the fenestrae is narrow, like in Sinovenator. The lacrimal bone, encircling the fossa from above and ... These include the long forward-projecting branch and flange of the lacrimal bone; the foramina on the nasal bone; the smooth ... A distinct fossa on the top surface of the surangular bone separates Jianianhualong from other troodontids. The angular bone ...
Substantial amounts of bone marrow edema at the pubic symphysis can occur in asymptomatic elite junior soccer players, but it ... Osteitis pubis and assessment of bone marrow edema at the pubic symphysis with MRI in an elite junior male soccer squad Clin J ... Results: Initial MRI scans showed moderate to severe bone marrow edema at the pubic symphysis in 11 of the 18 asymptomatic ... Objectives: To assess bone marrow edema at the pubic symphysis with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and its relation to ...
Canine Congenital Intestinal Obstruction Due to a Band and Entrapment of Small Bowel in the Pubic Bone: Case Report ... In this report, the intestinal obstruction occurred due to an adhesion and an entrapment in bone tissue, making this work the ...
The bone or firm surface that stops you is the pubic bone. Find the front of the pubic bone pushing straight in toward your ... RJR: FRONT OF THE PUBIC BONE. The easiest RI to locate on the body is the front of the pubic bone. Lie down on the bed with ... There are two pubic bones, one on each side. The front surface is a little bigger than the size of a quarter. ... This is your RI for the front of the pubic bone. Keep this marked with your fingertip but stop pushing into the body. Rate this ...
Pubic Bone Pain in Pregnancy. Pain at the front of the pelvis or pubic bone is known as pubic symphysis pain and it is a common ... Pubic Bone Pain). Treating pubic symphysis pain is focused on preventing the progression of pubic symphysis loosening and ... At the front of the pelvis, the left and right pubic bones are joined with cartilage to form the pubic symphysis, where only ... In mild cases, the loosening creates pain that is mainly noticeable at the pubic bone. ...
What is a pubic bone?. The pubis, also known as the pubic bone, is located in front of the pelvic girdle. These bones are ... Is the pubic bone a joint?. The pubic symphysis is a cartilaginous joint located between the main body of the pubic bone in the ... Why does my pubic bone hurt?. Osteitis pubis is a condition in which the pubic bone or the surrounding tissues are inflamed and ... The pelvic bones include the hip bones, sacrum, and coccyx. There is a joint between the two pubes bones called the pubic ...
BONES FOR LIFE IS A SERVICE MARK OF RUTHY ALON ... Video: Pubic Bone Press. By Julie Cobb / February 16, 2022 You ...
Pubic Symphysis Fistula with Resultant Pubic Bone Osteomyelitis - A Devastating Side Effect of Radiation Therapy with Potential ...
Experience unparalleled pleasure with the Mistress Brianna Latte Pubic Bone Stroker from Curve Novelties. Crafted with BioSkin ... Mistress Brianna Latte Pubic Bone Stroker Discover unparalleled pleasure with the Mistress Brianna Latte Pubic Bone Stroker ... Stimulated Pubic Bone: Provides unparalleled pleasure for intense orgasms. * Realistic Lip Design: Paired with highly textured ... The stimulating pubic bone provides unmatched pleasure, taking your pleasure to new heights. ...
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Pelvic bones, features of ilium, ischium, pubis; true and false pelvis, pelvic measurements. ... Pubic bone (pubis) The pubic bone or pubis is the most anterior portion of the hip bone. Like the ischium, the pubis also forms ... The left and right pubic bones join at the anterior midline, forming the pubic symphysis. ...
Pubic Bone Pain Can Be Helped With Belting and Alignment Techniques. Facebook0. Tweet0. Print0. LinkedIn0 ... The pubic bone is extremely important because it houses the PC (pubococcygeus muscle), the bladder and the uterus. So if this ... The bones not only house the pelvic floor muscles and the organs, but also the baby. The pelvic bones play a big part ... Many malpositioned babies can be given more room to move by keeping the pubic bone in alignment. ...
The pubic bone is straight. The pubic bones of both pelvis halves are connected via narrow bony skirts that originated at a ... a piece of the pubic bone; OUM J13565, a part of the ischium; OUM J13561, a thigh bone and OUM J13572, the lower part of a ... Buckland misidentified several bones, interpreting the pubic bone as a fibula and mistaking the ischium for a clavicle. ... It was the first illustration of a dinosaur bone published. Plot correctly identified the bone as the lower extremity of the ...
Pubic bone pain.. *Urine leakage may get worse.. *You may have a reaction to the synthetic tape. ... Two small cuts are made in your belly just above the pubic hair line or on the inside of each inner thigh near the groin. ...
Clayton Hoves Ad to the Bone. A collection of retro and vintage ads, random randomness and curious curiosities curated by ... It was fine until I got to the red pubic hair.. Leave a reply ... Classic Ad to the Bone. *The Boneyards of the Creative. *The ...
... specifically for modeling pubic bones since they are used in anthropology for age and sex estimation. The Grayscale Model Maker ... Since we only want the pubic bones, we will use the ROI box and Crop Volume tools to isolate that area. ... Here is a tutorial for the Grayscale Model Maker in the free program Slicer, specifically for modeling pubic bones since they ... Modeling Pubic Bones for 3D Printing Pt. 1: Grayscale Model Maker in Slicer * modeling ...
BACKGROUND: Pubic bone stress (PBS) is a common acute or chronic response of the pelvis in sports where sprinting, kicking, ... BACKGROUND: Pubic bone stress (PBS) is a common acute or chronic response of the pelvis in sports where sprinting, kicking, ... BACKGROUND: Pubic bone stress (PBS) is a common acute or chronic response of the pelvis in sports where sprinting, kicking, ... BACKGROUND: Pubic bone stress (PBS) is a common acute or chronic response of the pelvis in sports where sprinting, kicking, ...
... relatively well ossified iliac bone with long crescent-shaped medial and inferior margins, and short tubular bones. The sacrum ... relatively well ossified iliac bone with long crescent-shaped medial and inferior margins, and short tubular bones. The sacrum ... Type III has nonfractured ribs, halberd ilia, mushroom-stem long bones, and a CIfemur of 2.8-4.9. Type IV has nonfractured ribs ... sculpted ilia, well-developed long bones, and a CIfemur of 4.9-8. This radiologic classification based on the CIfemur was later ...
bulging under the pubic bone. *sudden pain at the site of a previous uterine scar ...
Julia Foxs Pubic Bone. SMASH THIS LINK BUTTON!. Sierra Leone Goaltender Earns his Keep. SMASH THIS LINK BUTTON! ...
Pubic bone in the front.. *Lower spine (sacrum) in the back.. *Sit bones on each side. ... The muscles of your pelvic floor connect to your pelvic bones to form a strong, yet flexible foundation. They span between the: ... Muscular dysfunction caused by prolonged sitting, abnormal posture, irregular gait when walking or uneven pelvic bones. ...
... it felt like someone was pressing the point of a screwdriver into my pubic bone).And I play with my sweet, smart six-year-old ...
The angle between the diverging inferior rami of the pubic bones (subpubic angle) is less in the male. The obturator foramina ... Articulated male and female pelvic bones, anterior view. Image #153-1. KEYWORDS: Bones joints cartilage, Muscles and tendons, ... Articulated male and female pelvic bones, anterior view. The more massive male pelvis on the left side of the view is ...
Pubic Bone, with Linda Wobeskya. 1:00 PM to 5:00 PM EDT ...
electrodes wrapped around the pubic bone; we adminis-. tered the shock noninvasively, through bead chains ...
The next was in 1777, by Sigault; but a vesico vaginal fistula and non-union of the pubic bones resulted. Hunter was strongly ... A new element was thus discovered, for it was found that the pubic bones moved not only laterally, but also downwards, owing to ... and necrosis of pubic bones have been plentiful. Let us hope that symphysiotomy is buried for ever. Morisani, in Italy, stuck ... fragment of bone, but there was no positive evidence that the fracture was actually a compound one. The knee joint was full of ...
... fatty tissue covering the pubic bone). It is also referred to as the mons pubis. The mons veneris protects the pubic bone and ... Mons Veneris: soft mound at the front of the vulva (fatty tissue covering the pubic bone) ... After puberty, it is covered with pubic hair, usually in a triangular shape. Heredity can play a role in the amount of pubic ... There is no pubic hair on the labia minora, but there are sebaceous glands. The two smaller lips of the labia minora come ...
... located between the left and right pubic bones near the midline of the body. More specifically, it is located above any ... The pubic symphysis is a secondary cartilaginous joint (a joint made of hyaline cartilage and fibrocartilage) ... In women, the area where the pubic bones connect creates the opening through which a baby passes during birth. ... located between the left and right pubic bones near the midline of the body. More specifically, it is located above any ...
Pubic Bone to Rib Cage. * Lead Hip High - One of the easiest ways to encourage a Reverse Spine Angle is to allow the player to ... Often, a bone graft is added to a segment of the spine that will eventually fuse the two vertebrae together. This procedure has ... Bone spurs and osteophytes act like stalactites and stalagmites inside a cave closing in on the opening for the spinal nerves. ... Bone Fracture - Stress fractures and pedicle fractures (spondylolysis) are common problems seen in the lumbar spines of ...
Press the pubic bone down. Remember what I said about discomfort? Muscle discomforts different than joint discomfort. Hands ... So Im pushing my pubic bone down into the mat, pressing my feet onto the floor. Quads are engaged, glute is fired but not ... Feet are fists distance apart, which is about the width of your sits bones. And youre just gonna lift up. And when you lift up ...
"This is a little over two fingers between the pubic bones," she says. ...
  • At the front of the pelvis, the left and right pubic bones are joined with cartilage to form the pubic symphysis , where only the slightest degree of movement can occur. (bauerfeind.ca)
  • Pain at the front of the pelvis or pubic bone is known as pubic symphysis pain and it is a common condition to occur during and after pregnancy. (bauerfeind.ca)
  • During pregnancy, in particular, normal hormonal changes lead to increased laxity of the ligaments around the pelvis, which can cause the pubic symphysis to widen. (bauerfeind.ca)
  • Due to the nature of the ring structure of the pelvis, laxity at the pubic symphysis can affect the sacroiliac joints, causing an overall instability of the pelvis. (bauerfeind.ca)
  • A slip, trip, big jump or overloading the pelvis can loosen the pubic symphysis in both men and women. (bauerfeind.ca)
  • A sporting trauma or activities with postures that put pressure on the pelvis, such as cycling, can also create pubic symphysis loosening, which may lead to pubic symphysis pain and a marked restriction of movement. (bauerfeind.ca)
  • The femur is the appendicular skeletal bone connected to the pelvis at the acetabulum, a bony ring formed by the fusion of three bones: the ilium, ischium, and pubis. (elegant-question.com)
  • BACKGROUND: Pubic bone stress (PBS) is a common acute or chronic response of the pelvis in sports where sprinting, kicking, twisting, and cutting are the dominant movements. (uni-luebeck.de)
  • This belt should be wrapped around your hip bones at the widest part of your pelvis. (pregnancymagazine.com)
  • At the very least, every trainer should have a grasp on the basic bone structure of the pelvis. (nfpt.com)
  • Pubic Symphysis pain is most common in pregnant women, however, it can affect anyone engaging in more strenuous physical activity. (bauerfeind.ca)
  • Treating pubic symphysis pain is focused on preventing the progression of pubic symphysis loosening and stabilizing the sacroiliac joints for pain relief. (bauerfeind.ca)
  • The SacroLoc is a support brace (orthosis) that is beneficial to recovery and healing, both during the acute phase of pubic symphysis pain for symptom relief, and as a long-term preventative aid for pelvic ring support. (bauerfeind.ca)
  • Sometimes pubic symphysis pain can feel like a slight pinch or ache. (elegant-question.com)
  • CASE DESCRIPTION: Five professional and academy soccer players complaining of pubic symphysis pain, confirmed as PBS on magnetic resonance imaging and objective assessment, were treated with a nonoperative rehabilitation program that featured functional and clinical objective markers as progression criteria. (uni-luebeck.de)
  • To assess bone marrow edema at the pubic symphysis with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and its relation to training and osteitis pubis in an elite group of junior soccer players. (nih.gov)
  • Substantial amounts of bone marrow edema at the pubic symphysis can occur in asymptomatic elite junior soccer players, but it is only weakly related to the development of osteitis pubis. (nih.gov)
  • Osteitis pubis is a condition in which the pubic bone or the surrounding tissues are inflamed and sore. (elegant-question.com)
  • Early diagnosis of osteitis pubis is important to avoid further pubic bone stress. (elegant-question.com)
  • The ligaments around the pubic symphysis are flexible and relax during pregnancy. (elegant-question.com)
  • During pregnancy and birth, the ligaments around the pubic symphysis become flexible, so that the child may pass through without difficulty or complications. (healthline.com)
  • Pregnancy hormones also loosen your ligaments, making joint and bone problems (especially in the pubic bone) a source of discomfort. (whattoexpect.com)
  • fragment of bone, but there was no positive evidence that the fracture was actually a compound one. (google.nl)
  • Bone Fracture - Stress fractures and pedicle fractures (spondylolysis) are common problems seen in the lumbar spines of rotational athletes. (mytpi.com)
  • Kyle Alexander, KZ Okpala, Chris Silva (Left Pubic Bone Stress Fracture) and Gabe Vincent (Right Knee Soreness) were inactive. (nba.com)
  • The aim of this study was to evaluate the reliability of open reduction and minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) for anterior ring fracture combined with pubic symphysis separation and to explore the operative techniques and therapeutic efficacy. (medscimonit.com)
  • We used minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) to treat anterior ring fracture combined with pubic symphysis separation. (medscimonit.com)
  • The MIS or MIPPO for anterior ring fracture combined with pubic symphysis separation has the advantages of short operation time and less blood loss. (medscimonit.com)
  • Monitoring of bone mineral density (BMD) during the 5 years of treatment in women with osteoporosis is not advised, as evidence suggests that fracture risk may be reduced regardless of BMD changes. (medscape.com)
  • [ 3 ] In later life, men with KS have decreased physical function, an increased risk of diabetes, obesity and bone fracture and have increased mortality. (medscape.com)
  • The posterior bones in green that form the base of the spine and articulate with the ilium. (nfpt.com)
  • The symphysis of the pubic bone is covered with hyaline cartilage and may have a cleft. (elegant-question.com)
  • The pubic symphysis is a secondary cartilaginous joint (a joint made of hyaline cartilage and fibrocartilage) located between the left and right pubic bones near the midline of the body. (elegant-question.com)
  • The pubic symphysis is covered by hyaline cartilage and united by a disc of fibrocartilage . (healthline.com)
  • This posteroanterior (PA) view radiograph of an infant with achondrogenesis type II shows the relatively large calvaria with normal cranial ossification, short and flared thorax, bell-shaped cage and shorter ribs without fractures, relatively well ossified iliac bone with long crescent-shaped medial and inferior margins, and short tubular bones. (medscape.com)
  • The angle between the diverging inferior rami of the pubic bones (subpubic angle) is less in the male. (stanford.edu)
  • The inferior, wing-like bones in purple, that house the acetabulum, or the "socket" portion of the hip's ball and socket joint, that articulates with the head of the femur. (nfpt.com)
  • If you sit with legs extended, the inferior pubic remus is what you feel in contact with the ground. (nfpt.com)
  • The pubis, also known as the pubic bone, is located in front of the pelvic girdle. (elegant-question.com)
  • The pubic symphysis is a secondary cartilaginous joint between the left and right superior rami of the pubis of the hip bones. (elegant-question.com)
  • The largest portion of the pubis is called the pubic body, which is located at the highest point of the pubis. (elegant-question.com)
  • The pubic bone or pubis is the most anterior portion of the hip bone . (anatomy.app)
  • It extends between the PUBIC BONE anteriorly and the COCCYX posteriorly. (bvsalud.org)
  • The pubic symphysis is a cartilaginous joint located between the main body of the pubic bone in the midline. (elegant-question.com)
  • The left and right pubic bones join at the anterior midline, forming the pubic symphysis . (anatomy.app)
  • We examined the association between lead and pubertal stages of breast, pubic hair and genitalia using ordinal regression. (cdc.gov)
  • The method of self-evaluated sexual maturation has been considered an easily applicable tool for the estimation of the pubertal stage of children and adolescents, being based on the application of images of the genitalia and pubic hair in a subjective way to individuals 10 . (bvsalud.org)
  • Wearing a supportive belt during pregnancy can make a positive difference for women suffering from low back pain, pelvic pressure, diastasis recti separation, sacroiliac joint pain, Symphysis Pubic Dysfunction, pelvic instability, and incontinence. (pregnancymagazine.com)
  • Irregular-shaped, anterior bone in red, that articulates with the pubic symphysis, a cartilaginous joint. (nfpt.com)
  • When we talk about pelvic tilt tendency, or sacroiliac pain, or even reference points like the Anterior Superior Iliac Spine (ASIS), having a working knowledge of the integral bones and joints make genuine understanding the aforementioned conditions/ landmarks truly possible. (nfpt.com)
  • At the shaft's connection to your pubic bone, the clitoris runs underneath both sides of your vulva alongside the vaginal opening in a wishbone shape, forming two legs, or crura, and extends all the way to your perineum. (tinynibbles.com)
  • The adductor longus, brevis, and magnus muscles originate on the pubic bone and insert on the linea aspera of the femur. (elegant-question.com)
  • Plot correctly identified the bone as the lower extremity of the thighbone or femur of a large animal and he recognised that it was too large to belong to any species known to be living in England. (wikipedia.org)
  • Type III has nonfractured ribs, halberd ilia, mushroom-stem long bones, and a CI femur of 2.8-4.9. (medscape.com)
  • Type IV has nonfractured ribs, sculpted ilia, well-developed long bones, and a CI femur of 4.9-8. (medscape.com)
  • The Sacroiliac belt works extraordinarily well for women who suffer from symphysis pubic dysfunction (SPD) or sacroiliac joint dysfunction. (pregnancymagazine.com)
  • INTERVENTION/ASSESSMENT: Serial MRI examinations of the pubic symphysis over a 4-month training and playing period, training session questionnaire, and review of clinical diagnosis, investigations, and records on presentation of athletes with groin pain at the Department of Sports Medicine. (nih.gov)
  • In mild cases , the loosening creates pain that is mainly noticeable at the pubic bone. (bauerfeind.ca)
  • In certain cases, the pain will not be over the pubic symphysis, but in the creases of the groins or along the inner thighs. (elegant-question.com)
  • The pelvic bones play a big part instability and when they are aligned women have less pelvic girdle pain and have an easier time in labor. (pelvicpainrelief.com)
  • So if this bone is out of alignment, your patient could suffer from pelvic pressure, incontinence, pelvic instability and pelvic pain. (pelvicpainrelief.com)
  • It can approximate the pubic bones providing stability and tremendous pain relief. (pregnancymagazine.com)
  • It's helpful for certified personal trainers to understand the bone structure and joints of the pelvic girdle given how much movement takes place through the hips, and also, how many issues tend to surface with clients' form, function and even pain issues. (nfpt.com)
  • The chakras begin at the bottom of your spinal cord, at the point of the coccyx bone and then travel up along the spinal cord to the very top of our head. (lifepositive.com)
  • The pubic bone is extremely important because it houses the PC (pubococcygeus muscle), the bladder and the uterus. (pelvicpainrelief.com)
  • Weight, blood pressure , and fundal height measurements (distance from your pubic bone to the top of your uterus) also continue. (webmd.com)
  • I got the "line" from my pubic bone to the top of my uterus early with both pregnancies. (mommieswithstyle.com)
  • The pubic bone is not visible outside of the body and joins the front-facing half of the pelvic girdle. (elegant-question.com)
  • The pelvic girdle refers to the bones that create a "bowl", so to speak, around the lower abdominal organs, or pelvic viscera, enclosed beneath by the muscles of the pelvic floor, and creates the space known as the birth canal in females. (nfpt.com)
  • With pregnancy, symptoms commonly deteriorate as the pregnancy progresse s, and the birth itself can further stretch (or in extreme cases completely rupture) the pubic symphysis. (bauerfeind.ca)
  • Methods: We measured maternal bone lead (a proxy for cumulative fetal exposure to lead from maternal bone store s mobilized during pregnancy) at 1 month postpartum. (cdc.gov)
  • Muscular dysfunction caused by prolonged sitting, abnormal posture, irregular gait when walking or uneven pelvic bones. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • What muscles are near the pubic bone? (elegant-question.com)
  • The bones not only house the pelvic floor muscles and the organs, but also the baby. (pelvicpainrelief.com)
  • The muscles of your pelvic floor connect to your pelvic bones to form a strong, yet flexible foundation. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • Bones joints cartilage, Muscles and tendons, Vasculature. (stanford.edu)
  • Two small cuts are made in your belly just above the pubic hair line or on the inside of each inner thigh near the groin. (medlineplus.gov)
  • It was fine until I got to the red pubic hair. (adtothebone.com)
  • Additionally, early childhood blood lead was negatively associated with pubic hair growth ( OR = 0.68, 95% CI: 0.51-0.90) in girls. (cdc.gov)
  • In women, the area where the pubic bones connect creates the opening through which a baby passes during birth. (healthline.com)
  • The sternum, or breastbone, is a flat bone at the front center of the chest. (healthline.com)
  • Maintain as much distance as possible between the breastbone and the pubic bone. (pregnancy-info.net)
  • If an excessive movement occurs at the pubic symphysis, it can become loose . (bauerfeind.ca)
  • 200 works well for bone, but for lower density bone, you might need to adjust it down. (embodi3d.com)
  • A clinical practice guideline from the American College of Physicians on treatment to prevent fractures in men and women with low bone density or osteoporosis includes six recommendations: two strong recommendations, based on high- or moderate-quality evidence, and four weak ones, based on low-quality evidence. (medscape.com)
  • Lie down on the bed with your legs straight and push into the body from the front pushing toward the back moving down from the belly button toward your feet until you find the pubic bone. (doctorlovejoyevans.com)
  • Surgery may be an option for a torn pubic symphysis in more severe cases when such an injury has been medically diagnosed with X-ray or MRI imaging. (bauerfeind.ca)
  • It was originally described by Robert Plot as a thigh bone of a Roman war elephant, and then as a biblical giant. (wikipedia.org)
  • He therefore at first concluded it to be the thigh bone of a Roman war elephant and later that of a giant human, such as those mentioned in the Bible. (wikipedia.org)
  • Here is where I adjust settings for pubic bones in order to retain the irregular surfaces of the symphyseal faces. (embodi3d.com)
  • In this report, the intestinal obstruction occurred due to an adhesion and an entrapment in bone tissue, making this work the first report. (vin.com)
  • Bone spurs and osteophytes act like stalactites and stalagmites inside a cave closing in on the opening for the spinal nerves. (mytpi.com)
  • First, find your hip bones and then wrap the belt around your lower hip bones (called the greater trochanter). (pregnancymagazine.com)
  • These bones are located almost directly above the hip bone and are often visible in women and individuals with little body fat. (elegant-question.com)
  • Everything counts, but with pregnant and post-partum women we need to pay close attention to the bones. (pelvicpainrelief.com)
  • This is a good thing because it means the bones are going back into alignment. (pelvicpainrelief.com)
  • Stand tall with both feet at a parallel stance directly under the sit bones (more narrow than the width of the hips). (active.com)
  • What motions are they intended to create based on the lines they make from bone to bone? (nfpt.com)