The study of significant causes and processes in the development of mental illness.
Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.
Child with one or more parents afflicted by a physical or mental disorder.
Standardized procedures utilizing rating scales or interview schedules carried out by health personnel for evaluating the degree of mental illness.
A repetitive and persistent pattern of behavior in which the basic rights of others or major age-appropriate societal norms or rules are violated. These behaviors include aggressive conduct that causes or threatens physical harm to other people or animals, nonaggressive conduct that causes property loss or damage, deceitfulness or theft, and serious violations of rules. The onset is before age 18. (From DSM-IV, 1994)
Categorical classification of MENTAL DISORDERS based on criteria sets with defining features. It is produced by the American Psychiatric Association. (DSM-IV, page xxii)
Study of mental processes and behavior of schizophrenics.
Persistent and disabling ANXIETY.
A severe emotional disorder of psychotic depth characteristically marked by a retreat from reality with delusion formation, HALLUCINATIONS, emotional disharmony, and regressive behavior.
A personality disorder whose essential feature is a pervasive pattern of disregard for, and violation of, the rights of others that begins in childhood or early adolescence and continues into adulthood. The individual must be at least age 18 and must have a history of some symptoms of CONDUCT DISORDER before age 15. (From DSM-IV, 1994)
The determination and evaluation of personality attributes by interviews, observations, tests, or scales. Articles concerning personality measurement are considered to be within scope of this term.
Growth of habitual patterns of behavior in childhood and adolescence.
A major deviation from normal patterns of behavior.
Personality construct referring to an individual's perception of the locus of events as determined internally by his or her own behavior versus fate, luck, or external forces. (ERIC Thesaurus, 1996).
A group of disorders characterized by physiological and psychological disturbances in appetite or food intake.
A disorder associated with three or more of the following: eating until feeling uncomfortably full; eating large amounts of food when not physically hungry; eating much more rapidly than normal; eating alone due to embarrassment; feeling of disgust, DEPRESSION, or guilt after overeating. Criteria includes occurrence on average, at least 2 days a week for 6 months. The binge eating is not associated with the regular use of inappropriate compensatory behavior (i.e. purging, excessive exercise, etc.) and does not co-occur exclusively with BULIMIA NERVOSA or ANOREXIA NERVOSA. (From DSM-IV, 1994)
A class of traumatic stress disorders with symptoms that last more than one month. There are various forms of post-traumatic stress disorder, depending on the time of onset and the duration of these stress symptoms. In the acute form, the duration of the symptoms is between 1 to 3 months. In the chronic form, symptoms last more than 3 months. With delayed onset, symptoms develop more than 6 months after the traumatic event.
Disturbances considered to be pathological based on age and stage appropriateness, e.g., conduct disturbances and anaclitic depression. This concept does not include psychoneuroses, psychoses, or personality disorders with fixed patterns.
An affective disorder manifested by either a dysphoric mood or loss of interest or pleasure in usual activities. The mood disturbance is prominent and relatively persistent.
A directed conversation aimed at eliciting information for psychiatric diagnosis, evaluation, treatment planning, etc. The interview may be conducted by a social worker or psychologist.
Conceptual system developed by Freud and his followers in which unconscious motivations are considered to shape normal and abnormal personality development and behavior.
Abuse of children in a family, institutional, or other setting. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)
Markedly disturbed and developmentally inappropriate social relatedness that begins before age 5 and is associated with grossly pathological child care. The child may persistently fail to initiate and respond to social interactions in a developmentally appropriate way (inhibited type) or there may be a pattern of diffuse attachments with nondiscriminate sociability (disinhibited type). (From DSM-V)
Feeling or emotion of dread, apprehension, and impending disaster but not disabling as with ANXIETY DISORDERS.
Theoretical representations that simulate psychological processes and/or social processes. These include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Disorders in which there is a loss of ego boundaries or a gross impairment in reality testing with delusions or prominent hallucinations. (From DSM-IV, 1994)
Check list, usually to be filled out by a person about himself, consisting of many statements about personal characteristics which the subject checks.
Includes two similar disorders: oppositional defiant disorder and CONDUCT DISORDERS. Symptoms occurring in children with these disorders include: defiance of authority figures, angry outbursts, and other antisocial behaviors.
Those disorders that have a disturbance in mood as their predominant feature.
Interaction between a mother and child.
Predisposition to react to one's environment in a certain way; usually refers to mood changes.
Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.
Unconscious process used by an individual or a group of individuals in order to cope with impulses, feelings or ideas which are not acceptable at their conscious level; various types include reaction formation, projection and self reversal.
Marked depression appearing in the involution period and characterized by hallucinations, delusions, paranoia, and agitation.
Those affective states which can be experienced and have arousing and motivational properties.
A personality disorder marked by a pattern of instability of interpersonal relationships, self-image, and affects, and marked impulsivity beginning by early adulthood and present in a variety of contexts. (DSM-IV)
Those occurrences, including social, psychological, and environmental, which require an adjustment or effect a change in an individual's pattern of living.
Emotional attachment to someone or something in the environment.
The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.
A false belief regarding the self or persons or objects outside the self that persists despite the facts, and is not considered tenable by one's associates.
Mood or emotional responses dissonant with or inappropriate to the behavior and/or stimulus.
Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.
Sexual maltreatment of the child or minor.
Anxiety disorders in which the essential feature is persistent and irrational fear of a specific object, activity, or situation that the individual feels compelled to avoid. The individual recognizes the fear as excessive or unreasonable.
Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.
Disorders related to substance abuse.
A major affective disorder marked by severe mood swings (manic or major depressive episodes) and a tendency to remission and recurrence.
Eating an excess amount of food in a short period of time, as seen in the disorder of BULIMIA NERVOSA. It is caused by an abnormal craving for food, or insatiable hunger also known as "ox hunger".
Behavior-response patterns that characterize the individual.
A personality inventory consisting of statements to be asserted or denied by the individual. The patterns of response are characteristic of certain personality attributes.
A psychoanalytic term meaning self-love.
A behavior disorder originating in childhood in which the essential features are signs of developmentally inappropriate inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. Although most individuals have symptoms of both inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity, one or the other pattern may be predominant. The disorder is more frequent in males than females. Onset is in childhood. Symptoms often attenuate during late adolescence although a minority experience the full complement of symptoms into mid-adulthood. (From DSM-V)
Anxiety experienced by an individual upon separation from a person or object of particular significance to the individual.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
The feeling-tone accompaniment of an idea or mental representation. It is the most direct psychic derivative of instinct and the psychic representative of the various bodily changes by means of which instincts manifest themselves.
Adaptation of the person to the social environment. Adjustment may take place by adapting the self to the environment or by changing the environment. (From Campbell, Psychiatric Dictionary, 1996)
A personality disorder in which there are oddities of thought (magical thinking, paranoid ideation, suspiciousness), perception (illusions, depersonalization), speech (digressive, vague, overelaborate), and behavior (inappropriate affect in social interactions, frequently social isolation) that are not severe enough to characterize schizophrenia.
The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.
Female parents, human or animal.
Performing the role of a parent by care-giving, nurturance, and protection of the child by a natural or substitute parent. The parent supports the child by exercising authority and through consistent, empathic, appropriate behavior in response to the child's needs. PARENTING differs from CHILD REARING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the children and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.
A scale comprising 18 symptom constructs chosen to represent relatively independent dimensions of manifest psychopathology. The initial intended use was to provide more efficient assessment of treatment response in clinical psychopharmacology research; however, the scale was readily adapted to other uses. (From Hersen, M. and Bellack, A.S., Dictionary of Behavioral Assessment Techniques, p. 87)
An irrational reaction compounded of grief, loss of self-esteem, enmity against the rival and self criticism.
A child who is receiving long-term in-patient services or who resides in an institutional setting.
An eating disorder that is characterized by a cycle of binge eating (BULIMIA or bingeing) followed by inappropriate acts (purging) to avert weight gain. Purging methods often include self-induced VOMITING, use of LAXATIVES or DIURETICS, excessive exercise, and FASTING.
Mental activity, not predominantly perceptual, by which one apprehends some aspect of an object or situation based on past learning and experience.
Subjectively experienced sensations in the absence of an appropriate stimulus, but which are regarded by the individual as real. They may be of organic origin or associated with MENTAL DISORDERS.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
The medical science that deals with the origin, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of mental disorders in individuals 13-18 years.
Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.
Standardized objective tests designed to facilitate the evaluation of personality.
The behavior patterns associated with or characteristic of a mother.
Persistent, unwanted idea or impulse which is considered normal when it does not markedly interfere with mental processes or emotional adjustment.
A type of anxiety disorder characterized by unexpected panic attacks that last minutes or, rarely, hours. Panic attacks begin with intense apprehension, fear or terror and, often, a feeling of impending doom. Symptoms experienced during a panic attack include dyspnea or sensations of being smothered; dizziness, loss of balance or faintness; choking sensations; palpitations or accelerated heart rate; shakiness; sweating; nausea or other form of abdominal distress; depersonalization or derealization; paresthesias; hot flashes or chills; chest discomfort or pain; fear of dying and fear of not being in control of oneself or going crazy. Agoraphobia may also develop. Similar to other anxiety disorders, it may be inherited as an autosomal dominant trait.
A person's view of himself.
The human ability to adapt in the face of tragedy, trauma, adversity, hardship, and ongoing significant life stressors.
Individuals' concept of their own bodies.
Behavior which may be manifested by destructive and attacking action which is verbal or physical, by covert attitudes of hostility or by obstructionism.
The interactions between parent and child.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
A set of statistical methods for analyzing the correlations among several variables in order to estimate the number of fundamental dimensions that underlie the observed data and to describe and measure those dimensions. It is used frequently in the development of scoring systems for rating scales and questionnaires.
The combined effects of genotypes and environmental factors together on phenotypic characteristics.
The experimental study of the relationship between the genotype of an organism and its behavior. The scope includes the effects of genes on simple sensory processes to complex organization of the nervous system.
A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.
A primary, chronic disease with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations. The disease is often progressive and fatal. It is characterized by impaired control over drinking, preoccupation with the drug alcohol, use of alcohol despite adverse consequences, and distortions in thinking, most notably denial. Each of these symptoms may be continuous or periodic. (Morse & Flavin for the Joint Commission of the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence and the American Society of Addiction Medicine to Study the Definition and Criteria for the Diagnosis of Alcoholism: in JAMA 1992;268:1012-4)
A state of harmony between internal needs and external demands and the processes used in achieving this condition. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
The medical science that deals with the origin, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of mental disorders in children.
The unsuccessful attempt to kill oneself.
Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.
A child or adolescent who is deserted by parents or parent substitutes without regard for its future care.
Psychoanalytic theory focusing on interpretation of behavior in reference to self. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Terms, 1994) This elaboration of the psychoanalytic concepts of narcissism and the self, was developed by Heinz Kohut, and stresses the importance of the self-awareness of excessive needs for approval and self-gratification.
The active mental process of keeping out and ejecting, banishing from consciousness, ideas or impulses that are unacceptable to it.
The interference with or prevention of a behavioral or verbal response even though the stimulus for that response is present; in psychoanalysis the unconscious restraining of an instinctual process.
A stage of development at which the ADRENAL GLANDS undergo maturation leading to the capability of producing increasing amounts of adrenal androgens, DEHYDROEPIANDROSTERONE and ANDROSTENEDIONE. Adrenarche usually begins at about 7 or 8 years of age before the signs of PUBERTY and continues throughout puberty.
The conscious portion of the personality structure which serves to mediate between the demands of the primitive instinctual drives, (the id), of internalized parental and social prohibitions or the conscience, (the superego), and of reality.
Agents that control agitated psychotic behavior, alleviate acute psychotic states, reduce psychotic symptoms, and exert a quieting effect. They are used in SCHIZOPHRENIA; senile dementia; transient psychosis following surgery; or MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION; etc. These drugs are often referred to as neuroleptics alluding to the tendency to produce neurological side effects, but not all antipsychotics are likely to produce such effects. Many of these drugs may also be effective against nausea, emesis, and pruritus.
Persons who were child victims of violence and abuse including physical, sexual, or emotional maltreatment.
Struggle or disagreement between parents, parent and child or other members of a family.
The branch of psychology concerned with the effects of group membership upon the behavior, attitudes, and beliefs of an individual.
An eating disorder that is characterized by the lack or loss of APPETITE, known as ANOREXIA. Other features include excess fear of becoming OVERWEIGHT; BODY IMAGE disturbance; significant WEIGHT LOSS; refusal to maintain minimal normal weight; and AMENORRHEA. This disorder occurs most frequently in adolescent females. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)
Chronically depressed mood that occurs for most of the day more days than not for at least 2 years. The required minimum duration in children to make this diagnosis is 1 year. During periods of depressed mood, at least 2 of the following additional symptoms are present: poor appetite or overeating, insomnia or hypersomnia, low energy or fatigue, low self esteem, poor concentration or difficulty making decisions, and feelings of hopelessness. (DSM-IV)
Sudden temporary alterations in the normally integrative functions of consciousness.
Any observable response or action of a child from 24 months through 12 years of age. For neonates or children younger than 24 months, INFANT BEHAVIOR is available.
Male parents, human or animal.
Institutions for the housing and care of orphans, foundlings, and abandoned children. They have existed as such since the medieval period but the heading is applicable to such usage also in modern parlance.
A chronic form of schizophrenia characterized primarily by the presence of persecutory or grandiose delusions, often associated with hallucination.
The continuous sequential physiological and psychological changes during ADOLESCENCE, approximately between the age of 13 and 18.
Religious philosophy expressing the fundamental belief that departed spirits may be contacted by the living through a medium.
The continuous sequential physiological and psychological maturing of an individual from birth up to but not including ADOLESCENCE.
Voluntary acceptance of a child of other parents to be as one's own child, usually with legal confirmation.
Disorders having the presence of physical symptoms that suggest a general medical condition but that are not fully explained by a another medical condition, by the direct effects of a substance, or by another mental disorder. The symptoms must cause clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other areas of functioning. In contrast to FACTITIOUS DISORDERS and MALINGERING, the physical symptoms are not under voluntary control. (APA, DSM-V)
The ability to generate new ideas or images.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
Principles applied to the analysis and explanation of psychological or behavioral phenomena.
An anxiety disorder characterized by recurrent, persistent obsessions or compulsions. Obsessions are the intrusive ideas, thoughts, or images that are experienced as senseless or repugnant. Compulsions are repetitive and seemingly purposeful behavior which the individual generally recognizes as senseless and from which the individual does not derive pleasure although it may provide a release from tension.
The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.
Branch of psychology that deals with paranormal behavior and events such as telepathy, precognition, and clairvoyance, which are not explicable by present day "natural laws".
Standardized tests designed to measure abilities, as in intelligence, aptitude, and achievement tests, or to evaluate personality traits.
The medical science that deals with the origin, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of mental disorders.
Field of psychology concerned with the normal and abnormal behavior of adolescents. It includes mental processes as well as observable responses.
The ability to understand and manage emotions and to use emotional knowledge to enhance thought and deal effectively with tasks. Components of emotional intelligence include empathy, self-motivation, self-awareness, self-regulation, and social skill. Emotional intelligence is a measurement of one's ability to socialize or relate to others.
Any observable response or action of an adolescent.
Behaviors which are at variance with the expected social norm and which affect other individuals.
A personality disorder manifested by a profound defect in the ability to form social relationships, no desire for social involvement, and an indifference to praise or criticism.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Disorders whose essential features are the failure to resist an impulse, drive, or temptation to perform an act that is harmful to the individual or to others. Individuals experience an increased sense of tension prior to the act and pleasure, gratification or release of tension at the time of committing the act.
Disturbances in mental processes related to learning, thinking, reasoning, and judgment.
Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.
Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.
A projective test used to evaluate a broad range of personality variables including pathology of thought and perception. The subject's responses to inkblot prints are scored along with subjective interpretation by the test administrator.
Persistent difficulty discarding or parting with possessions, regardless of the value of these possessions. Epidemiological studies suggest that hoarding occurs in 2-5% of the population and can lead to substantial distress and disability, as well as serious public health consequences.
A generic term for the treatment of mental illness or emotional disturbances primarily by verbal or nonverbal communication.
Special hospitals which provide care to the mentally ill patient.
Abnormal or excessive excitability with easily triggered anger, annoyance, or impatience.
Diseases or disorders of the muscles of the head and neck, with special reference to the masticatory muscles. The most notable examples are TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINT DISORDERS and TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINT DYSFUNCTION SYNDROME.
Excretory-related psychiatric disorders usually diagnosed in infancy or childhood.
A plant genus of the family MALPIGHIACEAE which includes an Amazonian psychoactive plant that contains the beta-carboline harmine and N,N-dimethyltryptamine.
Obsessive, persistent, intense fear of open places.
Observable manifestations of impaired psychological functioning.
A strong emotional feeling of displeasure aroused by being interfered with, injured or threatened.
An act performed without delay, reflection, voluntary direction or obvious control in response to a stimulus.
Those forms of control which are exerted in less concrete and tangible ways, as through folkways, mores, conventions, and public sentiment.
The antisocial acts of children or persons under age which are illegal or lawfully interpreted as constituting delinquency.
The motivational and/or affective state resulting from being blocked, thwarted, disappointed or defeated.
The state wherein the person is well adjusted.
The study of the effects of drugs on mental and behavioral activity.
Two individuals derived from two FETUSES that were fertilized at or about the same time, developed in the UTERUS simultaneously, and born to the same mother. Twins are either monozygotic (TWINS, MONOZYGOTIC) or dizygotic (TWINS, DIZYGOTIC).
The age, developmental stage, or period of life at which a disease or the initial symptoms or manifestations of a disease appear in an individual.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
The study of normal and abnormal behavior of children.
Groups that serve as a standard for comparison in experimental studies. They are similar in relevant characteristics to the experimental group but do not receive the experimental intervention.
Prolonged separation of the offspring from the father.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
Preoccupation with the fear of having, or the idea that one has, a serious disease based on the person's misinterpretation of bodily symptoms. (APA, DSM-IV)
Method for obtaining information through verbal responses, written or oral, from subjects.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Disorders affecting TWINS, one or both, at any age.
Those psychological characteristics which differentiate individuals from one another.
Motor behavior that is repetitive, often seemingly driven, and nonfunctional. This behavior markedly interferes with normal activities or results in severe bodily self-injury. The behavior is not due to the direct physiological effects of a substance or a general medical condition. (DSM-IV, 1994)
An activity distinguished primarily by an element of risk in trying to obtain a desired goal, e.g., playing a game of chance for money.
Impaired ability in numerical concepts. These inabilities arise as a result of primary neurological lesion, are syndromic (e.g., GERSTMANN SYNDROME ) or acquired due to brain damage.
The main glucocorticoid secreted by the ADRENAL CORTEX. Its synthetic counterpart is used, either as an injection or topically, in the treatment of inflammation, allergy, collagen diseases, asthma, adrenocortical deficiency, shock, and some neoplastic conditions.
Frequency and quality of negative emotions, e.g., anger or hostility, expressed by family members or significant others, that often lead to a high relapse rate, especially in schizophrenic patients. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 7th ed)
Preoccupations with appearance or self-image causing significant distress or impairment in important areas of functioning.
Individual or group aggressive behavior which is socially non-acceptable, turbulent, and often destructive. It is precipitated by frustrations, hostility, prejudices, etc.
Prolonged separation of the offspring from the mother.
Psychotic organic mental disorders resulting from the toxic effect of drugs and chemicals or other harmful substance.
The ability to learn and to deal with new situations and to deal effectively with tasks involving abstractions.
Almond-shaped group of basal nuclei anterior to the INFERIOR HORN OF THE LATERAL VENTRICLE of the TEMPORAL LOBE. The amygdala is part of the limbic system.
An emotional attitude excited by realization of a shortcoming or impropriety.
A selective blocker of DOPAMINE D2 RECEPTORS and SEROTONIN 5-HT2 RECEPTORS that acts as an atypical antipsychotic agent. It has been shown to improve both positive and negative symptoms in the treatment of SCHIZOPHRENIA.
Disorders characterized by physical or psychological symptoms that are not real, genuine, or natural.
A direct form of psychotherapy based on the interpretation of situations (cognitive structure of experiences) that determine how an individual feels and behaves. It is based on the premise that cognition, the process of acquiring knowledge and forming beliefs, is a primary determinant of mood and behavior. The therapy uses behavioral and verbal techniques to identify and correct negative thinking that is at the root of the aberrant behavior.
Terrorism on September 11, 2001 against targets in New York, the Pentagon in Virginia, and an aborted attack that ended in Pennsylvania.
A change in electrical resistance of the skin, occurring in emotion and in certain other conditions.
Cognitive disorders including delirium, dementia, and other cognitive disorders. These may be the result of substance use, trauma, or other causes.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
The branch of psychology concerned with psychological methods of recognizing and treating behavior disorders.
Families who care for neglected children or patients unable to care for themselves.
Relationship between individuals when one individual threatens or becomes aggressive and the other individual remains passive or attempts to escape.
Tests designed to measure intellectual functioning in children and adults.
Interaction between the father and the child.
The act of killing oneself.
Disorders in which the essential feature is a severe disturbance in mood (depression, anxiety, elation, and excitement) accompanied by psychotic symptoms such as delusions, hallucinations, gross impairment in reality testing, etc.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Anxiety disorders manifested by the development of characteristic symptoms following a psychologically traumatic event that is outside the normal range of usual human experience. Symptoms include re-experiencing the traumatic event, increased arousal, and numbing of responsiveness to or reduced involvement with the external world. Traumatic stress disorders can be further classified by the time of onset and the duration of these symptoms.
A risk factor for suicide attempts and completions, it is the most common of all suicidal behavior, but only a minority of ideators engage in overt self-harm.
Non-frontal low-pressure systems over tropical or sub-tropical waters with organized convection and definite pattern of surface wind circulation.
Subjective feeling of having committed an error, offense or sin; unpleasant feeling of self-criticism. These result from acts, impulses, or thoughts contrary to one's personal conscience.
Persons or animals having at least one parent in common. (American College Dictionary, 3d ed)
Group composed of associates of same species, approximately the same age, and usually of similar rank or social status.
Cortical vigilance or readiness of tone, presumed to be in response to sensory stimulation via the reticular activating system.
A late-appearing component of the event-related potential. P300 stands for a positive deflection in the event-related voltage potential at 300 millisecond poststimulus. Its amplitude increases with unpredictable, unlikely, or highly significant stimuli and thereby constitutes an index of mental activity. (From Campbell, Psychiatric Dictionary, 6th ed)
Measurable biological (physiological, biochemical, and anatomical features), behavioral (psychometric pattern) or cognitive markers that are found more often in individuals with a disease than in the general population. Because many endophenotypes are present before the disease onset and in individuals with heritable risk for disease such as unaffected family members, they can be used to help diagnose and search for causative genes.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
An enduring, learned predisposition to behave in a consistent way toward a given class of objects, or a persistent mental and/or neural state of readiness to react to a certain class of objects, not as they are but as they are conceived to be.
A group of disorders characterized by physical symptoms that are affected by emotional factors and involve a single organ system, usually under AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM control. (American Psychiatric Glossary, 1988)
The act of "taking account" of an object or state of affairs. It does not imply assessment of, nor attention to the qualities or nature of the object.
Disorders in which there is a delay in development based on that expected for a given age level or stage of development. These impairments or disabilities originate before age 18, may be expected to continue indefinitely, and constitute a substantial impairment. Biological and nonbiological factors are involved in these disorders. (From American Psychiatric Glossary, 6th ed)
The science and art of collecting, summarizing, and analyzing data that are subject to random variation. The term is also applied to the data themselves and to the summarization of the data.
The co-existence of a substance abuse disorder with a psychiatric disorder. The diagnostic principle is based on the fact that it has been found often that chemically dependent patients also have psychiatric problems of various degrees of severity.

Mental change as an early feature of multiple sclerosis. (1/204)

Five patients with mental change as a prominent and early feature of an illness which appeared to be multiple sclerosis are reported. All the patients had in addition clinical signs of predominant brain stem involvement and the cerebrospinal fluid findings were similar. It is emphasised that mental change may be an early feature of multiple sclerosis even in those patients in whom the onset of the disease is insidious.  (+info)

Dopamine correlates of neurological and psychological status in untreated Parkinsonism. (2/204)

Thirty-seven untreated Parkinsonism patients showed significant positive correlations among decreased excretion of free dopamine, MMPI scores indicative of schizophrenic-like looseness of thinking, and the severity of all Parkinsonism signs except tremor. The data could indicate that abnormalities of dopamine metabolism may underlie both the motor and mental abnormalities of Parkinsonism.  (+info)

Neurometabolic effects of psilocybin, 3,4-methylenedioxyethylamphetamine (MDE) and d-methamphetamine in healthy volunteers. A double-blind, placebo-controlled PET study with [18F]FDG. (3/204)

The neurometabolic effects of the hallucinogen psilocybin (PSI; 0.2 mg/kg), the entactogen 3,4-methylenedioxyethylamphetamine (MDE; 2 mg/kg) and the stimulant d-methamphetamine (METH; 0.2-0.4 mg/kg) and the drugs' interactions with a prefrontal activation task were investigated in a double-blind, placebo-controlled human [F-18]fluorodeoxyglucoseFDG-positron emission tomographicPET study (each group: n = 8). Subjects underwent two scans (control: word repetition; activation word association) within 2-4 weeks. Psilocybin increased rMRGlu in distinct right hemispheric frontotemporal cortical regions, particularly in the anterior cingulate and decreased rMRGlu in the thalamus. Both MDE and METH induced cortical hypometabolism and cerebellar hypermetabolism. In the MDE group, cortical hypometabolism was more pronounced in frontal regions, with the exception of the right anterior cingulate, which tended to be hyperactive. Cognitive activation-related increases in left frontocortical regions were attenuated under all three psychoactive substances, but less so under MDE. Taking into account performance data and subjective reports on task difficulty, these effects may result from different mechanisms across the three groups. Our PSI data are in line with studies on acute schizophrenic patients suggesting frontal overactivity at rest, but diminished capacity to activate prefrontal regions upon cognitive demand. The MDE data support the hypothesis that entactogens constitute a distinct psychoactive substance class, which takes an intermediate position between stimulants and hallucinogens.  (+info)

Relationship between psychotic disorders in adolescence and criminally violent behaviour. A retrospective examination. (4/204)

BACKGROUND: The interaction between psychosis and violence in adults is an important area of research receiving attention. To date there is little available data examining this relationship in adolescence. AIMS: To investigate the possible relationships between criminally violent types of behaviour, and psychopathology and social factors, among adolescents suffering from a psychotic disorder. METHOD: A retrospective case note study of 39 in-patients diagnosed as having a psychotic disorder and admitted to one of two adolescent psychiatry units (one secure, one open). Cases were divided into a 'violent' and a 'non-violent' group, and these two groups were then compared for social and psychopathological variables. RESULTS: There was no association between recorded psychopathology and criminally violent behaviour. Criminally violent behaviour was associated with a history of emotional or physical abuse, contact with social or mental health services, and previous criminal behaviour. CONCLUSIONS: These findings fail to echo results of studies in adult schizophrenia; they suggest that violent behaviour in psychosis is associated more closely with social factors than with specific symptoms of the psychotic illness. Potential explanations are discussed.  (+info)

Neurocognitive models of aggression, the antisocial personality disorders, and psychopathy. (5/204)

This paper considers neurocognitive models of aggression and relates them to explanations of the antisocial personality disorders. Two forms of aggression are distinguished: reactive aggression elicited in response to frustration/threat and goal directed, instrumental aggression. It is argued that different forms of neurocognitive model are necessary to explain the emergence of these different forms of aggression. Impairments in executive emotional systems (the somatic marker system or the social response reversal system) are related to reactive aggression shown by patients with "acquired sociopathy" due to orbitofrontal cortex lesions. Impairment in the capacity to form associations between emotional unconditioned stimuli, particularly distress cues, and conditioned stimuli (the violence inhibition mechanism model) is related to the instrumental aggression shown by persons with developmental psychopathy.  (+info)

From the philosophy auditorium to the neurophysiology laboratory and back: from Bergson to Damasio. (6/204)

Henri Bergson (1859-1941) was probably the most influential French philosopher at the turn of the twentieth century. In 1927 he was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature. Far beyond the restricted academic philosophical milieu, the impact of his thinking reached personalities as diverse as Claude Debussy, Marcel Proust, George Bemard Shaw, and the impressionists. His essay The Laughter (Le Rire) is one of the most profound and original ever written on the sense of humor. Bergson's opinions, with their emphasis on life, instinct and intuition, represented a deviation from the rationalist mainstream of western philosophical tradition. In some circles he was received with skepticism and irony, as in Bertrand Russel's History of Western Philosophy. Today, unbiased by theoretical "bergsonism," neurophysiologic research--as undertaken mainly by Antonio Damasio's team at Iowa University--confirms many of his hypotheses and elucidates their mechanisms. In this new light, intuition and "recognition by the body" should not be seen as the personal fantasy of an original thinker but as fundamental cognitive tools.  (+info)

Comparison of psychopathology in the mothers of autistic and mentally retarded children. (7/204)

The aim of this study was to evaluate anxiety, depression, alexithymia, and general psychological symptoms in the mothers of autistic children in comparison with those in the mothers of mentally retarded children. Forty mothers of autistic children and 38 mothers of mentally retarded children were included in the study. After a clinical interview, psychometric tests were performed for depression, anxiety, alexithymia, and Symptom Distress Check List (SCL-90) for general psychological symptoms. Non-depression rates was 27.5% in the mothers of autistic children whereas the rate was 55.3% in the mothers of mentally retarded children. There was no difference regarding anxiety and alexithymia between the two groups. The psychopathology in the mothers of autistic children was more frequent than in those of mentally retarded children in all sub-scales of SCL-90 (somatization obsessive-compulsive, interpersonal sensitivity, depression, anxiety, anger-hostility, phobic anxiety, paranoid thought, psychotism, and extra scale). The mothers of autistic children experienced more psychological distress than those of mentally retarded children. Our findings indicates that the assessment of autistic and mentally retarded children should include psychological assessment of their mothers.  (+info)

Inpatient pediatric consultation-liaison: a case-controlled study. (8/204)

OBJECTIVE: To conduct a prospective case-controlled study of pediatric inpatients referred for consultation in a tertiary care children's medical center. METHOD: Referrals (n = 104) were matched with nonreferrals (n = 104) for age (4 to 18 years), gender, and illness type/severity and completed parent- and self-report (dependent on age) behavioral rating scales to assess for adjustment/functioning. Nurses completed in-hospital ratings of behavioral/adjustment difficulties. Goal attainment and satisfaction ratings were obtained from the referring physicians, parents/guardians, and the consultant. RESULTS: Referrals exhibited more behavior/adjustment/coping difficulties than nonreferrals by parent, nurse, and self report. Frequently employed interventions included coping-strategies intervention, cognitive and behavioral therapies, and case management. Referring physician and consultant ratings of goal attainment were high, as were physician ratings of satisfaction and parent/guardian ratings of overall helpfulness. CONCLUSIONS: Pediatric inpatients referred by their physicians had significantly more internalizing and externalizing disturbances than their nonreferred hospitalized peers. Many of the behavioral and adjustment problems that lead to in-hospital consultation referral were evident in global behavior difficulties prior to hospitalization. Referring pediatricians, parents/guardians, and consultants rate the outcome as benefiting the patients via assisting in the overall management of their health concerns, coping, and adjustment.  (+info)

Download PDF eBook Diabetes Mellitus Based on Psychopathology and Brain Science, On this book the writer describes the psychosomatic and psychiatric remedies for Kind 2 diabetes mellitus. A diabetic affected person relies upon on his nations historical past with meals and drinks. For instance, Europeans and Individuals have an extended historical past of consuming alcohol and sugar, in contrast with Oriental individuals who solely have 100 yr historical past. Individuals who have diabetes are remoted and dependent on alcohol and sweets. This book exhibits the particular options of diabetic sufferers, the way to deal with them, and even the way to stop this illness. Study to forestall diabetes by studying this book. Concerning the Writer The writer is a psychiatrist who created and focuses on psychoneuroimmunopathology. He was licensed by the Nationwide Library of Drugs, Stanford College of Chicago, Oxford College of Cambridge and others. Jozukas analysis, nevertheless, will not be acknowledged ...
NIH Funding Opportunities and Notices in the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts: Research on Psychopathology In Intellectual Disabilities (Mental Retardation) (R01) PA-07-162. NIMH
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Brain, Mind, and Developmental Psychopathology in Childhood, part of the International Association of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Allied Professions book series
Descrição: In the accompanying Annual Research Review, Horga and colleagues provide a comprehensive overview of the current limitations of magnetic resonance imaging () of developmental psychopathologies focusing particularly on experimental design. Horga et al. are unsparing in their assessment of the problems that plague current clinical neuroimaging studies. We will not reiterate the long list of deficiencies in the imaging literature, which persist despite its impressive volume (PubMed lists more than 135,000 papers with the terms magnetic resonance imaging and brain). Rather, in this Commentary, while we agree with Horga et al. that neuroimaging approaches merely represent one more types of tool, we look at where this leave us and the prospects (by attending to the lessons thoughtfully laid out by Horga and colleagues on how to place research design at the forefront in clinical neuroimaging) of better times ahead for our understanding of the pathophysiology of child‐ and ...
Child and Adolescent Psychopathology: A Casebook provides 25 real-life cases to give students a deeper understanding of a wide range of disorders within the context of the DSM-5. As they explore complex cases, students learn to integrate theory into research-based assessments and interventions. Each case provides opportunities to practice clinical skills in the assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of childhood disorders from a number of theoretical perspectives and at various levels of interest and expertise. Reflecting the latest developments in the field, the Fourth Edition now includes a new case study on social phobia/social anxiety disorder, additional post-case questions, and an expanded introductory chapter discussing trends in case formulation. ...
Comparing the psychopathology of substance abuse across cultural boundaries involves certain problems of definition and research methodology. The definitions of substance abuse and psychopathology...
My research can be broadly defined as understanding the developmental pathways towards behavioral problems and competence in childhood and adolescence. Taking a developmental psychopathology perspective, I am particularly interested in the following processes/aspects of development: a) temperament, or the constitutionally-based individual differences in emotional, motor, and attentional reactivity and regulation; b) emotion-related processing, including emotion regulation, emotionality, appraisal of and coping with stressors; c) family socialization, including parenting, parent-child and family relationship; and d) the larger socio-cultural context, including cultural values and norms. I investigate these questions in a variety of child/adolescent populations, including normative children and children at risk for maladjustment (e.g., children from divorced families, immigrant children), children of different cultural/ethnic backgrounds (e.g., European American, Chinese American, and native ...
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Psychopathology of Childhood and Adolescence|This text presents a comprehensive overview of the psychopathological disorders of childhood and adolescence from a
Evidence shows that there are individual differences in the extent to which people attend to and integrate information into their decisions about the predictive contingencies between events and outcomes. In particular, information about the absence of events or outcomes, presented outside the current task frame, is often neglected. This trend is particularly evident in depression, as well as other psychopathologies, though reasons for information neglect remain unclear. We investigated this phenomenon across two experiments (Experiment 1: N = 157; Experiment 2: N = 150) in which participants, scoring low and high in the Beck Depression Inventory, were asked to learn a simple predictive relationship between a visual cue and an auditory outcome. We manipulated whether or not participants had prior experience of the visual cue outside of the task frame, whether such experience took place in the same or different context to the learning task, and the nature of the action required to signal ...
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Do you want to study ? All information about Stress & Cognition: From Basic Mechanisms to Psychopathology in Nijmegen: study costs, admission reqirements and grants.
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Students interested in completing the Developmental Psychopathology Concentration should apply to either the Clinical Ph.D. program or the Developmental Ph.D. program (through the General/Experimental program). Students who complete this concentration are eligible to work with any affiliated faculty (listed below), regardless of whether they are in the Clinical or Developmental Ph.D. program. The Developmental Psychopathology Concentration is elective for incoming developmental and clinical students and is not required for either program Applicants who would like to be considered for the Developmental Psychopathology Concentration should indicate their interest in the essay portion of their graduate application form. Incoming students who plan to complete this concentration must be approved by the faculty of both programs (Clinical and Developmental). ...
Recent advances in our understanding of the human brain suggest that adolescence is a unique period of development during which both environmental and genetic influences can leave a lasting impression. To advance the goal of integrating brain and prevention science, two areas of research which do not usually communicate with one another, the Annenberg Public Policy Centers Adolescent Risk Communication Institute held a conference with the purpose of producing an integrated book on this interdisciplinary area. Contributors were asked to address two questions: What neurodevelopmental processes in children and adolescents could be altered so that mental disorders might be prevented? And what interventions or life experiences might be able to introduce such changes? The book deals with the following: biological and social universals in development; characteristics of brain and behavior in development; effects of early maltreatment and stress on brain development; effects of stress and other environmental
TY - JOUR. T1 - Comorbidity and child psychopathology. T2 - Recommendations for the next decade. AU - Jensen, Peter S.. PY - 2003/6/1. Y1 - 2003/6/1. N2 - This special section exemplifies and offers a number of important methodologic and conceptual advances that should provide investigators new tools for understanding comorbidity of child and adolescent psychopathology, including (a) the importance of making careful methodologic distinctions in how comorbidity is defined and operationalized, (b) specifying and justifying how data from different sources are combined, (c) teasing out the impact of potentially confounding risk factors that lead to symptom and syndrome overlaps, and (d) exploring the effects of time, timing, and order of disorder emergence on variable manifestations of comorbidity. These advances are much needed, but may still prove insufficient, given the daunting challenges in fully understanding comorbidity. Thus, future studies should be characterized by (a) more focused search ...
Animal psychopathology is the study of mental or behavioral disorders in animals. Historically, there has been an anthropocentric tendency to emphasize the study of animal psychopathologies as models for human mental illnesses. But animal psychopathologies can, from an evolutionary point of view, be more properly regarded as non-adaptive behaviors due to some sort of a cognitive disability, emotional impairment or distress. This article provides a non-exhaustive list of animal psychopathologies. Animals in the wild appear to be relatively free from eating disorders although their body composition fluctuates depending on seasonal and reproductive cycles. However, domesticated animals including farm, laboratory and pet animals are prone to disorders. Evolutionary fitness drives feeding behavior in wild animals. The expectation is that farm animals also display this behavior, but questions arise if the same principles apply to laboratory and pet animals. Activity anorexia (AA) is a condition where ...
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pression with psychotherapy or pharmacotherapy-psychother- JAMA 1989; 262:914-919 apy combinations. Arch Gen Psychiatry 1997; 54:1009-1015 10. Kornstein SG, Schatzberg AF, Yonkers KA, Thase ME, Keitner GI, 25. Kornstein SG: Premenstrual syndrome: an overview. Primary Ryan CE, Schlager D: Gender differences in presentation of Psychiatry 1997; 4:56-60 chronic major depression. Psychopharmacol Bull 1995; 31: 26. Thase ME, Frank E, Kornstein SG, Yonkers KA: Gender differ- ences in response to treatments of depression, in Gender and 11. Kornstein SG, Schatzberg AF, Thase ME, Yonkers KA, Mc- Its Effects on Psychopathology. Edited by Frank E. Washington, Cullough JP, Keitner GI, Gelenberg AJ, Ryan CE, Hess AL, Harri- DC, American Psychiatric Association Press, 2000, pp 103-129 son W, Davis SM, Keller MB: Gender differences in chronic ma- 27. Kornstein SG: Gender differences in depression: implications jor and double depression. J Affect Disord 2000; 60:1-11 for treatment. J Clin Psychiatry 1997; ...
Ahadi, S., and Rothbart, M. (1994). Temperament, development, and the Big Five. The developing structure of temperament and personality from infancy to adulthood (pp. 189-207). Hillsdale, NJ England: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.. Auerbach, J., Berger, A., Atzaba-Poria, N., Arbelåe, S., Cypin, N., Friedman, A., et al. (2008). Temperament at 7, 12, and 25 months in children at familial risk for ADHD. Infant and Child Development, 17(4), 321-338. doi:10.1002/icd.579. Bijttebier, P., and Roeyers, H. (2009). Temperament and vulnerability to psychopathology: Introduction to the special section. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology: An official publication of the International Society for Research in Child and Adolescent Psychopathology, 37(3), 305-308. doi:10.1007/s10802-009-9308-2. Bridgett, D., Gartstein, M., Putnam, S., McKay, T., Iddins, E., Robertson, C., . . . Rittmueller, A. (2009). Maternal and contextual influences and the effect of temperament development during infancy on parenting in ...
Philosophical and, in particular, phenomenological explorations of psychopathology in recent years exemplify such growing interest and attention for affectivity and the dynamics through which this may be involved in the aetiology and symptomatology of mental illness. In this context, significant contributions have been made to further our understanding of forms of mental illness in which alterations of affectivity have been widely recognized as a key element, for example mood disorders, and, in particular, depression. Amongst other phenomena, philosophical research in this area has highlighted the connections be-tween affective disturbances and bodily, interpersonal, temporal, and social experience, shedding light on the complex and multi-faceted structure of the disorders in question. Research in philosophical psychopathology, however, has also significantly contributed to unearth various manners in which disruptions of affectivity can be implicated in what traditionally have been conceived ...
Citation: Gallese, Vittorio (2016) Bodily selves in relation and their psychopathology: the case of schizophrenia. In: International Conference The Philosophy and Psychopathology of the We, 1st December 2016, University of Copenhagen. (Unpublished) ...
This chapter examines the relationship of psychopathology and bilingualism. Psychopathology encompasses psychological dysfunction, which is defined as impairment in cognition, emotion, and behavior....
Description: The Bulletin summarizes the course as, A survey of major behavior disorders, with emphasis on empirical research and clinical description relative to etiology, assessment, prognosis, and treatment. We will take a developmental perspective toward understanding child and adolescent disorders, considering how biological, psychological, and social processes join to produce behavior problems versus positive adaptations. We will consider both standard, diagnostic category systems and dimensional taxonomies of behavioral disorders. We will discuss research on the development of externalizing behavior problems (such as conduct problems and attention problems), internalizing problems (such as anxiety and depression), and developmental disorders (such as autism). We will also discuss scientific and clinical methods and clinical cases. The field of developmental psychopathology research, which informs this course, is exciting and vigorous. Researchers are trying to advance understanding of ...
Hoza Laboratory Our studies are aimed at better understanding the etiology, mechanisms, course and outcome of childhood ADHD from a developmental psychopathology framework. Current studies address moderate-to-vigorous aerobic physical activity as a management strategy for ADHD symptoms, self-perceptual style in children with ADHD, peer relationships in children with ADHD, parenting and ADHD, treatment of childhood ADHD, and outcomes of children with ADHD over time. Accepting Graduate Students Fall 2015 ...
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Study Psychopathology (Final) Depressive and Bipolar Disorders flashcards taken from the book Essentials of Abnormal Psychology.
Get this from a library! Movies and mental illness : using films to understand psychopathology. [Danny Wedding; Ryan M Niemiec] -- This popular and critically acclaimed text, using movies to help learn about mental illness, is being fully updated with DSM-5 and ICD-10 diagnoses, dozens of evocative and informative frame grabs, a ...
The study highlights that there is substantial variation across informants in the links between associated factors and child psychopathology.
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The book has 41 contributors, both in the fields of psychology and psychiatry. The book consists of eighteen chapters, including:
While human behavioral phenotypes are invariably heterogeneous, an emerging literature supports the supposition that both genetic heritability and environmental...
I get really bloody irritable with this idea of adult ADHD being an excuse for bad behavior. I spent my entire childhood being told (including by my dad) that I didnt have atypical neurology (not quite in those terms), that I was just lazy and just needed a good kick in the butt - ignoring the fact that the belt my dad regularly employed on said butt didnt change a thing. I was told that ADD was just a big crock enough times and with enough vehemence, that I started to believe I was just lazy and if only I tried harder, everything would be fine.. While that is not entirely responsible for my dropping out of school and into nearly two decades of varying degrees of substance abuse, it certainly played a strong role in it. That, of course, being coupled with a neurological disorder that can be partly defined by dopamine deficiencies - something that can be a driving force behind addictions and substance abuse.. And now we want to play this same game with adults. I am working very hard to moderate ...
First, M. B., Gibbon, M., Spitzer, R. L., & Williams, J. B. W. (2002). Users guide for the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV-TR axis I disorders - research version - (SCID-I for DSM-IV-TR, November revision). Biometrics Research Department, New York State Psychiatric Institute. ...
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One-Dimensional vs. Multidimensional Models One-Dimensional Models (single Paradigm) A conceptual approach Could mean an emphasis on a specific cause of abnormal behavior Problems occur when information from other areas is ignored Multidimensional Models (draws from multiple paradigms) Interdisciplinary, eclectic, and integrative
The latent structure of schizotypy and psychosis-spectrum symptoms remains poorly understood. Furthermore, molecular genetic substrates are poorly defined, largely due to the substantial resources required to collect rich phenotypic data across diverse populations. Sample sizes of phenotypic studies are often insufficient for advanced structural equation modeling approaches. In the last 50 years, efforts in both psychiatry and psychological science have moved toward (1) a dimensional model of psychopathology (eg, the current Hierarchical Taxonomy of Psychopathology [HiTOP] initiative), (2) an integration of methods and measures across traits and units of analysis (eg, the RDoC initiative), and (3) powerful, impactful study designs maximizing sample size to detect subtle genomic variation relating to complex traits (the Psychiatric Genomics Consortium [PGC]). These movements are important to the future study of the psychosis spectrum, and to resolving heterogeneity with respect to instrument and ...
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|i|Background:|/i| The long-term predictive ability of the ICD-10 subtypes of depression with melancholic syndrome and depression with psychosis has not been investigated. |i|Samplin
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Child psychopathology is a specialisation applied to children and adolescents. Animal psychopathology is a specialisation ... Psychopathology can be broadly separated into descriptive and explanatory. Descriptive psychopathology involves categorising, ... Psychopathology". AllPsych. Retrieved 18 February 2015. Hamshar M. "The History of Psychopathology". Suite. ... The term psychopathology may also be used to denote behaviours or experiences which are indicative of mental illness, even if ...
In some animals pica seems to be an adaptive trait but in others it seems to be a true psychopathology like in the case of some ... Animal psychopathology is the study of mental or behavioral disorders in non-human animals. Historically, there has been an ... But animal psychopathologies can, from an evolutionary point of view, be more properly regarded as non-adaptive behaviors due ... This article provides a non-exhaustive list of animal psychopathologies. Animals in the wild appear to be relatively free from ...
... creates stress in parenting which may increase the severity of the psychopathology within the child. ... Found in "The Role of Temperament in the Etiology of Child Psychopathology", a model for the etiology of child psychopathology ... but also child psychopathology could reflect on maternal depression. Children with a predisposition to psychopathology may ... is to understand child psychopathology from a systems based perspective called developmental psychopathology. Recent emphasis ...
Psychopathology is a peer-reviewed medical journal that research on and classification of mental illness in clinical psychiatry ... the field of psychopathology. It was established in 1897 as Psychiatria Clinica and obtained its current name in 1984. List of ...
Development and Psychopathology, 1, 1-4. Kerig, P., Ludlow, A., & Wenar, C. (2012). Developmental Psychopathology (6th edition ... Child psychopathology Psychopathology Child development for behavioral models of antisocial behavior Child psychiatry Social ... Development and Psychopathology, 11, 375-393. Cicchetti, D. (Ed.). (1989). Rochester symposium on developmental psychopathology ... as was the first issue of the journal Development and Psychopathology. One central concept of developmental psychopathology is ...
... is the study of the biological etiology of mental illnesses with a particular emphasis on the ... Biological psychopathology is a field that focuses mostly on the research and understanding the biological basis of major ... Biological psychopathology attempts to explain psychiatric disorders using multiple levels of analysis from the genome to brain ... It is known by several alternative names, including "clinical neuroscience" and "experimental psychopathology." Due to the ...
... is a peer-reviewed medical journal that covers research which addresses the interrelationship ... "Development and Psychopathology". 2017 Journal Citation Reports. Web of Science (Science ed.). Thomson Reuters. 2018.{{cite ...
... and treatment response shared by co-occurring forms of psychopathology. Third, psychopathology can be organized hierarchically ... continuous nature of psychopathology as a research question, and the consortium continues to investigate it. Many existing ... First, psychopathology is best characterized by dimensions rather than in discrete categories. Dimensions are defined as ... In the HiTOP framework, psychopathology of given patient is no longer described with a list of categorical diagnoses, but as a ...
The Journal of Experimental Psychopathology is a continuously published open access journal covering psychopathology. It was ... It was relaunched as an open access journal in 2018, after it was combined with the pre-existing journal Psychopathology Review ... Psychopathology, Clinical psychology journals, Pathology journals, Open access journals, Publications established in 2010, ... ". "SAGE Publishing to publish the Journal of Experimental Psychopathology". SAGE Publications Australia (Press release). 2018- ...
... is considered important for psychopathology. Strachey's English translation is criticized ... Psychopathology of Everyday Life (German: Zur Psychopathologie des Alltagslebens) is a 1901 work by Sigmund Freud, the founder ... The Psychopathology was originally published in the Monograph for Psychiatry and Neurology in 1901, before appearing in book ... The Rat Man came to Freud for analysis as a result of reading the Psychopathology of Everyday Life. The psychoanalyst Jacques ...
The Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment is a quarterly peer-reviewed psychology journal covering psychological ... "Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment". 2020 Journal Citation Reports. Web of Science (Science ed.). Clarivate ... assessment as it relates to psychopathology and abnormal behaviors. It was established in 1979 as the Journal of Behavioral ...
"King Missile: The Psychopathology of Everyday Life > Review". AllMusic. Retrieved September 6, 2020. The Psychopathology of ... The Psychopathology of Everyday Life is the eighth album by avant-garde band King Missile, it was released on January 21, 2003 ... 2003.{{cite AV media notes}}: CS1 maint: others in cite AV media (notes) (link) Official website Psychopathology of Everyday ... Adapted from the liner notes of The Psychopathology of Everyday Life. King Missile Bradford Reed - drums, synthesizers, samples ...
The International Society for Research in Child and Adolescent Psychopathology (abbreviated ISRCAP) is an international learned ... "International Society for Research in Child and Adolescent Psychopathology". Union of International Associations. Retrieved 11 ... society dedicated to advancing research on psychopathology. It was established in 1988 by Herbert C. Quay, and its first ... Psychopathology, All stub articles, International organization stubs). ...
Hersen M, Turner SM, Beidel DC (2007). Adult Psychopathology and Diagnosis (5th ed.). John Wiley & Sons. pp. 301-302. ISBN 978- ... A review". Psychopathology. 31 (3): 160-8. doi:10.1159/000066239. ISSN 0254-4962. PMID 9636945. S2CID 23969063. "Literature ...
DʼAgostino, Armando (2015). "Eugène Minkowski (1885-1972): The Phenomenological Approach to Schizophrenia". Psychopathology. 48 ...
A Case Report". Psychopathology. 22 (6): 344-7. doi:10.1159/000284617. PMID 2639384. Mudgal, Varchasvi; Alam, Mohd. R.; ... Moselhy HF (1999). "Lycanthropy: New Evidence of its Origin". Psychopathology. 32 (4): 173-176. doi:10.1159/000029086. PMID ... Moselhy, Hamdy F. (1999). "Lycanthropy: New Evidence of Its Origin". Psychopathology. 32 (4): 173-176. doi:10.1159/000029086. ...
Psychopathology. 28 (5): 247-55. doi:10.1159/000284935. PMID 8559948. "What Is Alice in Wonderland Syndrome?". WebMD. Retrieved ...
Psychopathology. 40 (5): 361-368. doi:10.1159/000106314. ISSN 0254-4962. PMID 17657136. S2CID 32303894. World Health ...
Evolution in the scientific concepts of psychopathology (literally referring to diseases of the mind) took hold in the late ... James J. Hudziak; Helzer, John E. (2002). Defining Psychopathology in the 21st Century: Dsm-V and Beyond. American ... Mezzich JE (2002). "International surveys on the use of ICD-10 and related diagnostic systems". Psychopathology. 35 (2-3): 72-5 ... Widiger TA, Sankis LM (2000). "Adult psychopathology: issues and controversies". Annu Rev Psychol. 51: 377-404. doi:10.1146/ ...
Psychopathology. 46 (3): 176-185. doi:10.1159/000339556. ISSN 1423-033X. PMID 22906962. S2CID 20297075. "The Relationship ...
Cheung, Fanny M. (1985), "An Overview of Psychopathology in Hong Kong with Special Reference to Somatic Presentation", Chinese ... Psychopathology. Karger Publishers. 37 (2): 59-63. doi:10.1159/000077579. PMID 15057028. S2CID 23545601. Hunter, Melissa H.; ...
Psychopathology. 1990;23(4-6):267-76. Internationale Wernicke-Kleist-Leonhard Gesellschaft PsychiatrieOnline. ... "Clinical Psychopathology" of 1967 (2nd edition 1985 ISBN 0-7236-0605-6) which were widely read, if not understood, in their day ...
Psychopathology. 42 (5): 277-282. doi:10.1159/000228836. PMID 19609097. S2CID 36968617. Marková, I. S.; Berrios, G. E.; Hodges ...
Psychopathology. 35 (2-3): 72-75. doi:10.1159/000065122. ISBN 9783805574617. PMID 12145487. S2CID 35857872. Geoffrey M. Reed ( ...
Psychopathology. 42 (5): 337-342. doi:10.1159/000232977. ISSN 0254-4962. PMID 19672137. S2CID 15290117. Sengupta, A. (January ...
1997). "Possession by the "Zar" among Ethiopian immigrants to Israel: psychopathology or culture-bound syndrome?". ... Psychopathology. 30 (4): 223-233. doi:10.1159/000285051. PMID 9239794. Witzum, E.; Grisaru, N.; Budowski, D. (1996). "The 'Zar ...
Psychopathology. 36 (4): 171-180. doi:10.1159/000072786. PMID 14504450. S2CID 9422028. Niedenthal PM (2007). "Embodying emotion ...
Psychopathology. 42 (4): 264-9. doi:10.1159/000224150. PMID 19521143. S2CID 26079338. Noble J, Greene HL (15 January 1996). ... Textbook of Descriptive Psychopathology (5th ed.). Saunders Elsevier. Schizophrenic Language Disorder, CLINICAL DESCRIPTION AND ...
Psychopathology. Psychopathology, 39(2), 87-91. 39 (2): 87-91. CiteSeerX doi:10.1159/000090598. PMID 16391510. ...
Ford RA (1989). "The psychopathology of echophenomena". Psychol Med. 19 (3): 627-635. doi:10.1017/s0033291700024223. PMID ... Psychopathology. 41 (3): 201-2. doi:10.1159/000120989. PMID 18337631. Robert Jean Campbell (2009). Campbell's Psychiatric ...
One controversial issue in psychopathology is the distinction between dysfunctional, or aberrant, and merely idiosyncratic ... psychopathology, also called abnormal psychology, the study of mental disorders and unusual or maladaptive behaviours. An ... psychopathology, also called abnormal psychology, the study of mental disorders and unusual or maladaptive behaviours. An ... One controversial issue in psychopathology is the distinction between dysfunctional, or aberrant, and merely idiosyncratic ...
Children born to a parent with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder are at high risk for psychopathology even at a young age, and ... Psychopathology ranged from mild anxiety to major mood disorders, she noted.. The lifetime prevalence of children from either ... "We found that schizophrenia offspring had a very high lifetime prevalence of psychopathology in general, at around 70%, whereas ... Cite this: Risk for Psychopathology High in Kids of Mentally Ill Parents - Medscape - Sep 09, 2015. ...
strategies relevant to the study of emotion, social interaction, and psychopathology. ... They conclude by discussing research strategies relevant to the study of emotion, social interaction, and psychopathology. ( ...
Background: Exposure to violence is a significant risk factor for the development of psychopathology in young people. Research ...
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Passing Down Psychopathology. APS regularly opens certain online articles for discussion on our website. Effective February ... Although studies such as the ones mentioned above have provided exciting new insights into the transmission of psychopathology ... These environmental experiences then contribute to the development of psychopathology in children; however, not all children ... Belsky proposes that parent psychopathology influences childrens environmental experiences - for example, by exposing them to ...
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Social Neuroscience and Psychopathology Lab. Director: Christine I. Hooker, Ph.D. , [email protected] Department of ... Please note: The Social Neuroscience and Psychopathology Lab is moving to Rush University in Chicago! We are currently hiring ...
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Genotype × environment interaction in psychopathology: factor or artifact?.. Twin Res. Hum. Genet. 2006; 36: 74-87. View in ... Understanding risk for psychopathology through imaging gene-environment interactions. *. Luke W. Hyde. Luke W. Hyde ... in: Dodge K.A. Rutter M. Gene-Environment Interaction in Developmental Psychopathology. Guilford, 2011: 87-101. View in Article ... in: Dodge K.A. Rutter M. Gene-Environment Interactions in Developmental Psychopathology. Guilford, 2011: 71-87. View in Article ...
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RDoC Domains Underlying Emotional Health and Trajectories of Psychopathology in Families of WTC First Responders and Evacuees: ...
Of particular interest to those working in the area of suicide prevention are sections titled "psychopathology" (9 articles ...
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THE OTHELLO SYNDROME: A Study in the Psychopathology of Sexual Jealousy : The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease. ... THE OTHELLO SYNDROME: A Study in the Psychopathology of Sexual Jealousy The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease122(4):367-374 ... A Study in the Psychopathology of Sexual Jealousy. TODD, JOHN; DEWHURST, KENNETH ...
Development and Psychopathology, 29, 1795-1806.. Cicchetti, D., Hetzel, S., Rogosch, F. A., Handley, E. D., & Toth, S. L. (2016 ... Development and psychopathology, 28(4pt2), 1305.. Rosen, A. L., Handley, E. D., Cicchetti, D., & Rogosch, F. A. (2018). The ... Child Abuse and Trauma Related Psychopathology. Principal Investigators. *Fred Rogosch, Ph.D. ... Discovering the processes underlying the development of psychopathology and resilience among these traumatized children offers ...
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Mental illness is classified today according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM IV), published by the American Psychiatric Association (1994). The DSM uses a multiaxial or multidimensional approach to diagnosing because rarely do other factors in a persons life not impact their mental health. It assesses five dimensions as described below:. ...
Gregl A, Kirigin M, Sućeska Ligutić R, Bilać S. EMOTIONAL COMPETENCE OF MOTHERS AND PSYCHOPATHOLOGY IN PRESCHOOL CHILDREN WITH ... A. Gregl, M. Kirigin, R. Sućeska Ligutić i S. Bilać, "EMOTIONAL COMPETENCE OF MOTHERS AND PSYCHOPATHOLOGY IN PRESCHOOL CHILDREN ... Gregl, A., Kirigin, M., Sućeska Ligutić, R. i Bilać, S. (2014). EMOTIONAL COMPETENCE OF MOTHERS AND PSYCHOPATHOLOGY IN ... Conclusion: Emotional expression in mothers seems to be important for psychopathology in children with SLI, and their. ...
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  • psychopathology , also called abnormal psychology , the study of mental disorders and unusual or maladaptive behaviours. (
  • TUESDAY, Sept. 27, 2022 (HealthDay News) - In utero exposure to a major weather-related disaster is associated with an increased risk for psychopathology in children, according to a study published online Sept. 21 in the Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry . (
  • The aim of the Developmental Psychopathology MSc course offered by Durham University is to provide advanced research training for students interested in pursuing careers in the field of research, child development and clinical or educational psychology. (
  • In 2011, fetal researcher Vivette Glover published "Annual Research Review: Prenatal Stress and the Origins of Psychopathology: An Evolutionary Perspective," hereafter, "Prenatal Stress and the Origins of Psychopathology," in the Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. (
  • Journal of Experimental Psychopathology 3(1): 2-16. (
  • In this article, I describe how my colleagues, students, and I have used the methods of experimental psychopathology to explain why seemingly sincere, nonpsychotic people claim to have memories of being abducted by space aliens or memories from past lives. (
  • Psychological scientist Deborah M. Capaldi has real-world experience with the type of longitudinal research often needed to truly understand the transmission of psychopathology across generations. (
  • Such findings are not only fully consistent with the environmental transmission of psychopathology across generations, but also add to extant evidence that parent-child conflict is a robust and at least partially environmental predictor of adolescent psychopathology. (
  • Sociobiological psychiatry : normal behavior and psychopathology / Brant Wenegrat. (
  • Illuminating the origins of the intergenerational transmission of psychopathology with a novel genetically informed design" by S. Alexandra Burt et al. (
  • The interrelations among genetic, neuroendocrine, neurophysiological, neurocognitive, self-system, interpersonal, and emotion regulation domains will be examined in order to elucidate an integrative understanding of trauma-related psychopathology in abused children. (
  • The findings will augment the knowledge base regarding the sequelae of child abuse and the etiology of trauma-based psychopathology, and the knowledge gained will inform prevention and intervention initiatives to divert abused children from the development of trauma-related psychopathology and contribute toward reducing the burden of mental illness in traumatized children. (
  • AMSTERDAM - Children born to parents with either schizophrenia or bipolar disorder are at high risk for a range of psychopathologies even at a young age, and even mild psychopathology in these children may a harbinger of future illness, a longitudinal study indicates. (
  • We found that schizophrenia offspring had a very high lifetime prevalence of psychopathology in general, at around 70%, whereas the lifetime prevalence in bipolar disorder offspring was about 50% and between 15% and 18% in the general population," Dr Hillegers reported. (
  • Psychopathology ranged from mild anxiety to major mood disorders, she noted. (
  • My current career as a behavioral scientist in the field of developmental psychopathology and as an editor for a scientific journal, which I started in my mid-40's and 60's respectively, was unanticipated and unplanned when I underwent initial training as a physiotherapist in England. (
  • Evidence of a troubled upbringing, depression, paranoia, and alcohol abuse suggests psychopathology as an implicating factor behind Stalin's actions. (
  • PRSs predicted general psychopathology independently of each other, with the exception of depression and depressive symptom PRSs. (
  • Psychopathology - Depression - The Social Approach [Video]. (
  • We know that stress can induce psychopathologies, including depression," says Sandi. (
  • Developmental Psychopathology, M.Sc. (
  • Research training forms a key focus of the Developmental Psychopathology course offered by Durham University. (
  • The Developmental Psychopathology MSc course offered by Durham University is delivered predominantly through a mixture of lectures, seminars and workshop classes. (
  • In addition to carrying out intensive individual psychotherapy, group consultation, family treatment, and therapeutic community work, the Fellows participate in case conferences and didactic seminars addressing psychopathology, clinical theory and technique, developmental theory and research, psychopathology, history of psychoanalysis, and group and family processes. (
  • In Rocco J. Gennaro's edited volume, philosophers use psychopathologies and other brain disorders to explore and challenge various theories of consciousness. (
  • Belsky proposes that parent psychopathology influences children's environmental experiences - for example, by exposing them to marital conflict, parental stress, or poor parenting behaviors. (
  • Preschool-aged children's hair cortisol and parents' behavior, psychopathology, and stress. (
  • Parental occupational exposure is associated with their children's psychopathology: a study of families of Israeli first responders. (
  • To determine longitudinal changes in psychopathology in a cohort of patients 30-43 years after their first cardiac surgery for Congenital Heart Disease (CHD) in childhood, to compare outcomes of the 30- to 43-year follow-up with normative data, and to identify medical predictors for psychopathology. (
  • 8) Why do some individuals who undergo childhood trauma develop psychopathology, while others do not? (
  • Major depressive disorder: psychopathology, medical management and dental implications. (
  • The Social Neuroscience and Psychopathology Lab is moving to Rush University in Chicago! (
  • The aim of this study was to examine associations between preschool- aged children 's physiological stress measured via HCC and mother - and father -reported parenting behavior , psychopathology , and stress. (
  • Discovering the processes underlying the development of psychopathology and resilience among these traumatized children offers great promise for translating these findings to inform prevention, intervention, and social policy initiatives. (
  • Conclusion: Emotional expression in mothers seems to be important for psychopathology in children with SLI, and their expressive and receptive speech. (
  • Yoko Nomura, Ph.D., from CUNY Queens College in Flushing, New York, and colleagues evaluated 163 preschool children and their 151 parents annually at ages 2 to 5 years to examine the emergence of psychopathology using the Preschool Age Psychopathological Assessment. (
  • Parents with psychopathology such as alcohol use disorder (AUD) that confers risk for suicide attempt (SA) may have children who are more likely to develop such psychopathology and to attempt suicide, suggesting that risk may be "transmitted" from parents to children. (
  • We examined whether PRSs associate more with general or with specific psychopathology in school-aged children. (
  • The conclusion that resilience is made of ordinary rather than extraordinary processes offers a more positive outlook on human development and adaptation, as well as direction for policy and practice aimed at enhancing the development of children at risk for problems and psychopathology. (
  • Results pointed squarely to the environmental transmission of psychopathology between fathers and children. (
  • this study aimed to identify the psychosocial needs as well as types of psychopathology among a group of incarcerated children at the Ibadan remand home. (
  • He has published over 200 research papers, books, and chapters on perfectionism, psychopathology, and psychotherapy, and has conducted collaborative work on perfectionism with Gordon L. Flett since 1989. (
  • They conclude by discussing research strategies relevant to the study of emotion, social interaction, and psychopathology. (
  • Of particular interest to those working in the area of suicide prevention are sections titled "psychopathology" (9 articles), & "Research in suicidology" (11 articless). (
  • Tenneij, NH & Koot, HM 2007, ' A preliminary investigation into the utility of the Adult Behavior Checklist in the assessment of psychopathology in people with low IQ ', Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities , vol. 20, pp. 391-400. (
  • Examining the interplay of genes, experience and the brain is crucial to understanding psychopathology. (
  • Finally, we discuss the potential contribution that IG × E studies can make to understanding psychopathology and developing more personalized and effective prevention and treatment. (
  • Background: Exposure to violence is a significant risk factor for the development of psychopathology in young people. (
  • Development and psychopathology , 28(4pt2), 1305. (
  • Development and Psychopathology , 30 (1), 67-77. (
  • abstract = "Background: Achenbach & Rescorla (2003) recently developed the Adult Behavior Checklist (ABCL) to assess psychopathology in the general population. (
  • The use of proxy informants, instead of self-reporting, makes the ABCL potentially suitable for the assessment of psychopathology in adults with intellectual disability. (
  • We associated each PRS with general and specific psychopathology factors, derived from a bifactor model based on self-, parental-, teacher-, and observer reports. (
  • Conclusions: The results suggest that PRSs based on current GWASs of psychiatric phenotypes tend to be associated with general psychopathology, or both general and 3 specific psychiatric domains, but not with one specific psychopathology domain only. (
  • Conclusions: The ABCL appears to be a reliable and valid measure to assess psychopathology in persons with mild intellectual disabilities or low IQ, admitted for treatment in facilities for adults with mild intellectual disability and severe challenging behaviour. (
  • Not surprisingly, the types of psychopathologies that each approach has problems explaining differ. (
  • Her involvement with the Oregon Youth Study (OYS), a prospective examination of the intergenerational associations in psychopathology, has helped shed light on how this type of transfer occurs. (
  • THE OTHELLO SYNDROME: A Study in the Psychopathology of Sexu. (
  • Introduction: Given the magnitude of the problem and the multiple physical and psychological stressors that persons with HIV face in India, a study was planned to assess magnitude of substance abuse, and extent of personality psychopathology in HIV positive patients attending A.R.T. clinic at P.B.M. Hospital, Bikaner (Raj. (
  • Aims: To assess and identify the extent of personality psychopathology in HIV patients Material and Method: 50 new seropositive patients without any severe medical illness, CD4 count above 350 and not on Antiretroviral Therapy were selected for study from ART Centre, PBM Hospital, Bikaner during 1 January 2010 to 31st December 2010. (
  • Personality psychopathology was assessed in study subjects for inter group comparison on various parameters like drug abuse, sex, etc., and other socio-demographic data on a self designed Performa and International Personality Disorder Examination (IPDE). (
  • The term 'psychopathology' typically refers to the study of mental illness, mental suffering, or the manifestation of behaviors and experiences that may be indicative of mental illness or psychological disability. (
  • Background: Polygenic risk scores (PRSs) operationalize genetic propensity towards a particular mental disorder and hold promise as early predictors of psychopathology, but before a PRS can be used clinically, explanatory power must be increased and the specificity for a psychiatric domain established. (
  • Results: 77 % [14 out of 18] male HIV positive patients with substance abuse had disorder level of personality psychopathology, compared to 36% [4 out of 11] male HIV positive patients without substance abuse. (
  • Definition, historical & Scientific consideration of Psychopathology. (
  • IMSEAR at SEARO: Personality Psychopathology in HIV Infected Patients. (
  • 17 female patients out of 21 had only trait level of personality psychopathology. (
  • An examination of Stalin's documented behaviors attempts to evaluate any signs of psychopathology in accordance with DSM-IV-TR criteria. (
  • Attention, psychopathology and social functioning were also evaluated. (
  • The results indicated that differences in parent and child acculturation levels were not predictive of differences in parent and child rated child psychopathology. (
  • Most PRSs associated with a specific psychopathology domain, were also associated with general child psychopathology. (
  • Life History Theory in Psychopathology: More Than an Elegant Heuristic? (