Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Psychopathology: The study of significant causes and processes in the development of mental illness.Animals, Domestic: Animals which have become adapted through breeding in captivity to a life intimately associated with humans. They include animals domesticated by humans to live and breed in a tame condition on farms or ranches for economic reasons, including LIVESTOCK (specifically CATTLE; SHEEP; HORSES; etc.), POULTRY; and those raised or kept for pleasure and companionship, e.g., PETS; or specifically DOGS; CATS; etc.Cognition Disorders: Disturbances in mental processes related to learning, thinking, reasoning, and judgment.Pets: Animals kept by humans for companionship and enjoyment, as opposed to DOMESTIC ANIMALS such as livestock or farm animals, which are kept for economic reasons.Eating Disorders: A group of disorders characterized by physiological and psychological disturbances in appetite or food intake.Mental Disorders: Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.Substance Abuse Treatment Centers: Health facilities providing therapy and/or rehabilitation for substance-dependent individuals. Methadone distribution centers are included.Substance-Related Disorders: Disorders related to substance abuse.Child Abuse: Abuse of children in a family, institutional, or other setting. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)Substance P: An eleven-amino acid neurotransmitter that appears in both the central and peripheral nervous systems. It is involved in transmission of PAIN, causes rapid contractions of the gastrointestinal smooth muscle, and modulates inflammatory and immune responses.Child Abuse, Sexual: Sexual maltreatment of the child or minor.EncyclopediasDictionaries, MedicalDictionaries as Topic: Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.Molecular Sequence Annotation: The addition of descriptive information about the function or structure of a molecular sequence to its MOLECULAR SEQUENCE DATA record.Databases, Genetic: Databases devoted to knowledge about specific genes and gene products.Compulsive Behavior: The behavior of performing an act persistently and repetitively without it leading to reward or pleasure. The act is usually a small, circumscribed behavior, almost ritualistic, yet not pathologically disturbing. Examples of compulsive behavior include twirling of hair, checking something constantly, not wanting pennies in change, straightening tilted pictures, etc.Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: An anxiety disorder characterized by recurrent, persistent obsessions or compulsions. Obsessions are the intrusive ideas, thoughts, or images that are experienced as senseless or repugnant. Compulsions are repetitive and seemingly purposeful behavior which the individual generally recognizes as senseless and from which the individual does not derive pleasure although it may provide a release from tension.Ego: The conscious portion of the personality structure which serves to mediate between the demands of the primitive instinctual drives, (the id), of internalized parental and social prohibitions or the conscience, (the superego), and of reality.Receptors, Dopamine D2: A subfamily of G-PROTEIN-COUPLED RECEPTORS that bind the neurotransmitter DOPAMINE and modulate its effects. D2-class receptor genes contain INTRONS, and the receptors inhibit ADENYLYL CYCLASES.Grooming: An animal's cleaning and caring for the body surface. This includes preening, the cleaning and oiling of feathers with the bill or of hair with the tongue.Depressive Disorder: An affective disorder manifested by either a dysphoric mood or loss of interest or pleasure in usual activities. The mood disturbance is prominent and relatively persistent.Depression: Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.Individualized Medicine: Therapeutic approach tailoring therapy for genetically defined subgroups of patients.Social Problems: Situations affecting a significant number of people, that are believed to be sources of difficulty or threaten the stability of the community, and that require programs of amelioration.Diseases in Twins: Disorders affecting TWINS, one or both, at any age.Surrogate Mothers: Women who allow themselves to be impregnated with the understanding that the offspring are to be given over to the parents who have commissioned the surrogate.Asperger Syndrome: A disorder beginning in childhood whose essential features are persistent impairment in reciprocal social communication and social interaction, and restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, or activities. These symptoms may limit or impair everyday functioning. (From DSM-5)Child Development Disorders, Pervasive: Severe distortions in the development of many basic psychological functions that are not normal for any stage in development. These distortions are manifested in sustained social impairment, speech abnormalities, and peculiar motor movements.Autistic Disorder: A disorder beginning in childhood. It is marked by the presence of markedly abnormal or impaired development in social interaction and communication and a markedly restricted repertoire of activity and interest. Manifestations of the disorder vary greatly depending on the developmental level and chronological age of the individual. (DSM-V)Ethylmercuric Chloride: A highly toxic compound used as a fungicide for treating seeds.Thimerosal: An ethylmercury-sulfidobenzoate that has been used as a preservative in VACCINES; ANTIVENINS; and OINTMENTS. It was formerly used as a topical antiseptic. It degrades to ethylmercury and thiosalicylate.Psychology, Clinical: The branch of psychology concerned with psychological methods of recognizing and treating behavior disorders.Pasteurellosis, Pneumonic: Bovine respiratory disease found in animals that have been shipped or exposed to CATTLE recently transported. The major agent responsible for the disease is MANNHEIMIA HAEMOLYTICA and less commonly, PASTEURELLA MULTOCIDA or HAEMOPHILUS SOMNUS. All three agents are normal inhabitants of the bovine nasal pharyngeal mucosa but not the LUNG. They are considered opportunistic pathogens following STRESS, PHYSIOLOGICAL and/or a viral infection. The resulting bacterial fibrinous BRONCHOPNEUMONIA is often fatal.Ships: Large vessels propelled by power or sail used for transportation on rivers, seas, oceans, or other navigable waters. Boats are smaller vessels propelled by oars, paddles, sail, or power; they may or may not have a deck.Transportation: The means of moving persons, animals, goods, or materials from one place to another.Child of Impaired Parents: Child with one or more parents afflicted by a physical or mental disorder.Naval Medicine: The practice of medicine concerned with conditions affecting the health of individuals associated with the marine environment.Gastric Dilatation: Abnormal distention of the STOMACH due to accumulation of gastric contents that may reach 10 to 15 liters. Gastric dilatation may be the result of GASTRIC OUTLET OBSTRUCTION; ILEUS; GASTROPARESIS; or denervation.Victoria: A state in southeastern Australia, the southernmost state. Its capital is Melbourne. It was discovered in 1770 by Captain Cook and first settled by immigrants from Tasmania. In 1851 it was separated from New South Wales as a separate colony. Self-government was introduced in 1851; it became a state in 1901. It was named for Queen Victoria in 1851. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1295 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, p574)Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Australia: The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.Students: Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: Categorical classification of MENTAL DISORDERS based on criteria sets with defining features. It is produced by the American Psychiatric Association. (DSM-IV, page xxii)

Mental change as an early feature of multiple sclerosis. (1/204)

Five patients with mental change as a prominent and early feature of an illness which appeared to be multiple sclerosis are reported. All the patients had in addition clinical signs of predominant brain stem involvement and the cerebrospinal fluid findings were similar. It is emphasised that mental change may be an early feature of multiple sclerosis even in those patients in whom the onset of the disease is insidious.  (+info)

Dopamine correlates of neurological and psychological status in untreated Parkinsonism. (2/204)

Thirty-seven untreated Parkinsonism patients showed significant positive correlations among decreased excretion of free dopamine, MMPI scores indicative of schizophrenic-like looseness of thinking, and the severity of all Parkinsonism signs except tremor. The data could indicate that abnormalities of dopamine metabolism may underlie both the motor and mental abnormalities of Parkinsonism.  (+info)

Neurometabolic effects of psilocybin, 3,4-methylenedioxyethylamphetamine (MDE) and d-methamphetamine in healthy volunteers. A double-blind, placebo-controlled PET study with [18F]FDG. (3/204)

The neurometabolic effects of the hallucinogen psilocybin (PSI; 0.2 mg/kg), the entactogen 3,4-methylenedioxyethylamphetamine (MDE; 2 mg/kg) and the stimulant d-methamphetamine (METH; 0.2-0.4 mg/kg) and the drugs' interactions with a prefrontal activation task were investigated in a double-blind, placebo-controlled human [F-18]fluorodeoxyglucoseFDG-positron emission tomographicPET study (each group: n = 8). Subjects underwent two scans (control: word repetition; activation word association) within 2-4 weeks. Psilocybin increased rMRGlu in distinct right hemispheric frontotemporal cortical regions, particularly in the anterior cingulate and decreased rMRGlu in the thalamus. Both MDE and METH induced cortical hypometabolism and cerebellar hypermetabolism. In the MDE group, cortical hypometabolism was more pronounced in frontal regions, with the exception of the right anterior cingulate, which tended to be hyperactive. Cognitive activation-related increases in left frontocortical regions were attenuated under all three psychoactive substances, but less so under MDE. Taking into account performance data and subjective reports on task difficulty, these effects may result from different mechanisms across the three groups. Our PSI data are in line with studies on acute schizophrenic patients suggesting frontal overactivity at rest, but diminished capacity to activate prefrontal regions upon cognitive demand. The MDE data support the hypothesis that entactogens constitute a distinct psychoactive substance class, which takes an intermediate position between stimulants and hallucinogens.  (+info)

Relationship between psychotic disorders in adolescence and criminally violent behaviour. A retrospective examination. (4/204)

BACKGROUND: The interaction between psychosis and violence in adults is an important area of research receiving attention. To date there is little available data examining this relationship in adolescence. AIMS: To investigate the possible relationships between criminally violent types of behaviour, and psychopathology and social factors, among adolescents suffering from a psychotic disorder. METHOD: A retrospective case note study of 39 in-patients diagnosed as having a psychotic disorder and admitted to one of two adolescent psychiatry units (one secure, one open). Cases were divided into a 'violent' and a 'non-violent' group, and these two groups were then compared for social and psychopathological variables. RESULTS: There was no association between recorded psychopathology and criminally violent behaviour. Criminally violent behaviour was associated with a history of emotional or physical abuse, contact with social or mental health services, and previous criminal behaviour. CONCLUSIONS: These findings fail to echo results of studies in adult schizophrenia; they suggest that violent behaviour in psychosis is associated more closely with social factors than with specific symptoms of the psychotic illness. Potential explanations are discussed.  (+info)

Neurocognitive models of aggression, the antisocial personality disorders, and psychopathy. (5/204)

This paper considers neurocognitive models of aggression and relates them to explanations of the antisocial personality disorders. Two forms of aggression are distinguished: reactive aggression elicited in response to frustration/threat and goal directed, instrumental aggression. It is argued that different forms of neurocognitive model are necessary to explain the emergence of these different forms of aggression. Impairments in executive emotional systems (the somatic marker system or the social response reversal system) are related to reactive aggression shown by patients with "acquired sociopathy" due to orbitofrontal cortex lesions. Impairment in the capacity to form associations between emotional unconditioned stimuli, particularly distress cues, and conditioned stimuli (the violence inhibition mechanism model) is related to the instrumental aggression shown by persons with developmental psychopathy.  (+info)

From the philosophy auditorium to the neurophysiology laboratory and back: from Bergson to Damasio. (6/204)

Henri Bergson (1859-1941) was probably the most influential French philosopher at the turn of the twentieth century. In 1927 he was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature. Far beyond the restricted academic philosophical milieu, the impact of his thinking reached personalities as diverse as Claude Debussy, Marcel Proust, George Bemard Shaw, and the impressionists. His essay The Laughter (Le Rire) is one of the most profound and original ever written on the sense of humor. Bergson's opinions, with their emphasis on life, instinct and intuition, represented a deviation from the rationalist mainstream of western philosophical tradition. In some circles he was received with skepticism and irony, as in Bertrand Russel's History of Western Philosophy. Today, unbiased by theoretical "bergsonism," neurophysiologic research--as undertaken mainly by Antonio Damasio's team at Iowa University--confirms many of his hypotheses and elucidates their mechanisms. In this new light, intuition and "recognition by the body" should not be seen as the personal fantasy of an original thinker but as fundamental cognitive tools.  (+info)

Comparison of psychopathology in the mothers of autistic and mentally retarded children. (7/204)

The aim of this study was to evaluate anxiety, depression, alexithymia, and general psychological symptoms in the mothers of autistic children in comparison with those in the mothers of mentally retarded children. Forty mothers of autistic children and 38 mothers of mentally retarded children were included in the study. After a clinical interview, psychometric tests were performed for depression, anxiety, alexithymia, and Symptom Distress Check List (SCL-90) for general psychological symptoms. Non-depression rates was 27.5% in the mothers of autistic children whereas the rate was 55.3% in the mothers of mentally retarded children. There was no difference regarding anxiety and alexithymia between the two groups. The psychopathology in the mothers of autistic children was more frequent than in those of mentally retarded children in all sub-scales of SCL-90 (somatization obsessive-compulsive, interpersonal sensitivity, depression, anxiety, anger-hostility, phobic anxiety, paranoid thought, psychotism, and extra scale). The mothers of autistic children experienced more psychological distress than those of mentally retarded children. Our findings indicates that the assessment of autistic and mentally retarded children should include psychological assessment of their mothers.  (+info)

Inpatient pediatric consultation-liaison: a case-controlled study. (8/204)

OBJECTIVE: To conduct a prospective case-controlled study of pediatric inpatients referred for consultation in a tertiary care children's medical center. METHOD: Referrals (n = 104) were matched with nonreferrals (n = 104) for age (4 to 18 years), gender, and illness type/severity and completed parent- and self-report (dependent on age) behavioral rating scales to assess for adjustment/functioning. Nurses completed in-hospital ratings of behavioral/adjustment difficulties. Goal attainment and satisfaction ratings were obtained from the referring physicians, parents/guardians, and the consultant. RESULTS: Referrals exhibited more behavior/adjustment/coping difficulties than nonreferrals by parent, nurse, and self report. Frequently employed interventions included coping-strategies intervention, cognitive and behavioral therapies, and case management. Referring physician and consultant ratings of goal attainment were high, as were physician ratings of satisfaction and parent/guardian ratings of overall helpfulness. CONCLUSIONS: Pediatric inpatients referred by their physicians had significantly more internalizing and externalizing disturbances than their nonreferred hospitalized peers. Many of the behavioral and adjustment problems that lead to in-hospital consultation referral were evident in global behavior difficulties prior to hospitalization. Referring pediatricians, parents/guardians, and consultants rate the outcome as benefiting the patients via assisting in the overall management of their health concerns, coping, and adjustment.  (+info)

  • The twelve chapters focus chiefly on issues in applied philosophy of mind (personal identity and self- consciousness, voluntary action and self-control, cognition and practical reasoning), in the science of mind (the medical model of mental disorders, philosophy of science and psychiatry, psychopathology and folk psychology), and in the ethical and experiential dimensions of psychopathology. (mit.edu)
  • Given the strong and growing interest in both philosophical issues arising in psychopathology and psychiatry, and issues in philosophy illuminated by experimental and clinical material from that field, it is overdue. (mit.edu)
  • They made the finding " Genetic Associations Between Childhood Psychopathology and Adult Depression and Associated Traits in 42 998 Individuals: A Meta-Analysis ", which appears in JAMA Psychiatry , while analyzing the genetic data of more than 42,000 children and adolescents from seven cohorts across five European countries. (genengnews.com)
  • This book assesses the latest research on this important topic and examines the relationship between emotions and psychopathology by bringing together current theoretical and research perspectives of leading figures from a variety of professional disciplines, including clinical, developmental, social, and personality psychology, psychiatry, and philosophy. (waterstones.com)
  • Summarizes recent theory and research into a broad but not comprehensive sampling of approaches to the relationship between emotions and psychopathology in such fields as psychology, psychiatry, sociology, and philosophy. (waterstones.com)
  • Brain, Mind, and Developmental Psychopathology in Childhood, part of the International Association of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Allied Professions' book series 'Working with Children & Adolescents' edited by Elena Garralda and Jean-Philippe Raynaud, aims to help advance knowledge on the connections between brain, mind, and development psychopathology in children and young people, an area of high relevance across different contexts around the world. (rowman.com)
  • This chapter examines how the phenomenological approach to psychopathology contributes to clinical decision making in psychiatry. (oxfordhandbooks.com)
  • In this work, the Child Psychiatry Committee of the Group for the Advancement of Psychiatry has compiled the conclusions of new research, under publicized studies, and hard-to-find governmental reports on the development of psychopathology in children. (appi.org)
  • Anxiety disorders are among the most prevalent forms of psychopathology across the life span. (ovid.com)
  • Although some of the current literature suggests that experiential avoidance may be implicated in various forms of psychopathology, a fundamental limitation of this research is the lack of theoretical integration and refinement with regard to operationalizing and assessing experiential avoidance. (nih.gov)
  • A unique case study book, Adult Psychopathology Case Studies presents adult client case studies that describe the ways in which people with psychological disorders are likely to think, feel, and act. (wiley.com)
  • Adult Psychopathology Case Studies offers an engaging and perceptive look into the real world of adult psychopathology and provides students with an enriching "hands-on" learning experience as they apply their knowledge and techniques to each of the unique case studies provided in this book. (wiley.com)
  • Updated to reflect the latest neurobiological advancements in psychopathology, this edition follows the same proven chapter structure for the disorder chapters of previous editions to facilitate readers' understanding and learning. (google.ca)
  • In particular, neuroethics, born from the dialogue between philosophy speculation and scientific research, there seems to be an unavoidable field of research for anyone involved in consciousness and psychopathology: the neurobiological foundations of morality to the experimental protocols, up to the possible ideological-manipulative tendencies of new technologies. (scirp.org)
  • Sarah Hope received a B.A. from Wellesley College, and has done research with the U.S. Naval Academy and the Baltimore VA. From there she started graduate school with a broad interested in developmental psychopathology from a neurobiological perspective. (harvard.edu)
  • Looking at psychopathology through the lens of evolution is the only way to understand the deeper nature of mental disorders and turn a mass of behavioral, genetic, and neurobiological findings into a coherent, theoretically grounded discipline. (oup.com)
  • We examine how genetic risk for schizophrenia relates to adolescent psychosis-related and internalizing psychopathology using a latent modelling approach, and compare this to genetic risk for other psychiatric disorders, to gain a more comprehensive understanding of the developmental pathways at this age. (nature.com)
  • One approach to address these limitations is to use confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) to explore the structure of psychopathology in a latent modelling framework. (nature.com)
  • To that end, it provides a comprehensive review of the current theory, research, and clinical issues related to the role of fathers in developmental psychopathology, and, takes a multidisciplinary approach, answering crucial questions such as: Who are today's fathers? (librarything.com)
  • He tried to approach the psychopathology with a multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary approach, with a strong emphasis on sciences complexity, highlighting, in particular, the contributions of philosophy and quantum physics to the signification and the diagnosis of Mood Disorders. (scirp.org)
  • An Experiential Approach to Psychopathology , and the method it proposes, may be considered the result of convergence of classic phenomenological psychopathological concepts and updated clinical insights into patients' lived experiences. (springer.com)
  • Evolutionary Psychopathology takes steps toward a unified approach to psychopathology, using the concepts of life history theory - a biological account of how individual differences in development, physiology and behavior arise from tradeoffs in survival and reproduction - to build an integrative framework for mental disorders. (oup.com)
  • The schizophrenia PRS was associated with an increase in factors describing psychotic experiences, negative dimension, depression and anxiety, but, when modelling a general psychopathology factor based on these measures, specific effects above this persisted only for the negative dimension. (nature.com)
  • Similar factor relationships were observed for the neuroticism PRS, with a (weak) specific effect only for anxiety once modelling general psychopathology. (nature.com)
  • First, I shall examine the matter, method and the very Geist of General Psychopathology to assert their epistemological and methodological congruence for investigating some facets of awareness. (novapublishers.com)
  • This paper reviews current neuroscience research regarding interoception and forms of interoceptive dysfunction that may result in psychopathology, focusing on depression, and anxiety, in a manner conducive to psychotherapists engaging with it to consider clinical applications. (frontiersin.org)
  • One of the four major areas of research of the Department of Social Neuroscience is studying the psychopathology of the social brain. (mpg.de)
  • To better understand the physiological and psychological basis of psychopathology in terms of domains of function that do not solely rely on Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) diagnoses, the initiative would focus on utilizing an RDoC framework and sophisticated computational approaches to understand pathophysiology in clinical populations. (nih.gov)
  • Thomas & Hersen's new edited book 'Psychopathology in the Workplace, identifies many types of psychological problems that managers and psychologists alike can benefit from learning about. (abebooks.com)
  • Chapters include conceptual and empirical discussion of the biological and psychological influences on developmental psychopathology in childhood, clinical updates focusing on the biological underpinnings of individual child neuropsychiatric disorders as well as integrating biological and psychological therapies in child mental health. (rowman.com)
  • Behavior therapists view psychopathology differently from dynamically oriented therapists, in that behaviorists are taught to regard symptoms primarily as sets of learned behaviors rather than cues to underlying psychological disorders. (ed.gov)
  • It fosters inquiry into assessment, description, and classification of normal and abnormal behaviors, psychobiological factors predisposing, precipitating, and maintaining psychopathology, and theories of psychopathology and behavior change. (springer.com)
  • Examines theories of psychopathology and behavior change. (springer.com)
  • Psychopathology , also referred to as mental disorder, is considered present when a behavior pattern or emotional state causes an individual clinically significant distress, dysfunction, or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning or is widely deviant from social or cultural norms. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Developmental psychopathology is concerned with the origins and progression of patterns of adaptive and maladaptive behavior across the lifespan. (uvm.edu)
  • This lauded bestseller, now available in paperback, takes an uncompromising look at how we define psychopathology and makes the argument that criminal behavior can and perhaps should be considered a disorder. (indigo.ca)
  • Only through such longitudinal studies can we examine early personality traits and behavior that may lead to serious psychopathology later in life and identify effective prevention methods. (appi.org)
  • Encompassing the most current research in the field, Adult Psychopathology and Diagnosis, Seventh Edition provides a thorough introduction to our current conceptualization of psychopathology and its application in clinical practice, including dimensional and categorical classifications. (google.ca)
  • An alternative means of defining psychopathology is to follow a more objective guide to psychiatric diagnosis in which specific symptom criteria are assessed for a standard set of mental disorders. (encyclopedia.com)
  • aims to bring together leading academic scientists, researchers and research scholars to exchange and share their experiences and research results on all aspects of Psychopathology and Diagnosis. (waset.org)
  • Also, high quality research contributions describing original and unpublished results of conceptual, constructive, empirical, experimental, or theoretical work in all areas of Psychopathology and Diagnosis are cordially invited for presentation at the conference. (waset.org)
  • ICPD 2021 has teamed up with the Special Journal Issue on Psychopathology and Diagnosis . (waset.org)
  • This is a worthwhile text for those interested in studying ways in which psychopathology can differ between men and women, such as prevalence, age at onset, expression of symptoms, course, severity, treatment response, and risk factors. (appi.org)
  • In the nineteenth century, greatly influenced by Rousseau's ideas and philosophy, Austrian psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud would bring about psychotherapy and become the father of psychoanalysis, a clinical method for treating psychopathology through dialogue between a patient and a psychoanalyst. (wikipedia.org)
  • Personality, Psychopathology, and Psychotherapy. (researchandmarkets.com)
  • To determine the independent effects of parental depression and family discord on psychopathology in offspring at high and low risk for major depression. (nih.gov)
  • Offspring exposed to either parental depression or family discord had higher rates of psychopathology than their counterparts. (nih.gov)
  • Without parental depression, offspring have less exposure to family discord and lower rates of psychopathology. (nih.gov)
  • To examine these association, healthy, non-clinical participants completed several psychopathology-spectrum measures, often postulated to associate with creativity: the Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire, the Psychoticism scale, the Personality Inventory for DSM-5, the Hypomanic Personality Scale, the Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder scale, the Beck Depression Inventory, and the Autism-Spectrum Quotient. (frontiersin.org)
  • Whilst associations between polygenic risk scores (PRSs) for schizophrenia and various phenotypic outcomes have been reported, an understanding of developmental pathways can only be gained by modelling comorbidity across psychopathology. (nature.com)
  • Hankins et al believes stressful life events appear to be linked to symptoms of psychopathology, such as schizophrenia or anxiety disorders. (exampleessays.com)
  • Disorders covered in this volume include schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, major depressive disorder, anxiety, and alcoholism, which are discussed by scholars who are at the forefront of integrating work on emotion and psychopathology. (barnesandnoble.com)
  • Dr. Gotlib has received the Distinguished Investigator Award from the National Alliance for Research in Schizophrenia and Affective Disorders, the Joseph Zubin Award for lifetime research contributions to the understanding of psychopathology, the APA Award for Distinguished Scientific Contribution, and the APS Distinguished Scientist Award. (stanford.edu)
  • Wholly, psychopathology is defined as the origin of mental disorders, how they develop, and the symptoms they might produce in a person. (wikipedia.org)
  • Psychopathology symptoms in a sam. (mendeley.com)
  • The findings suggest that politically-focused intrusive thoughts and ritualistic behaviors are associated with psychopathology domains in a manner comparable to general obsessive-compulsive symptoms," the authors write. (drugs.com)
  • Gender and Psychopathology explores the gender differences in psychiatric syndromes in terms of symptoms, courses of illness, epidemiology, and treatment responses. (appi.org)
  • In his article he proposes that stress effects cortisol production, acts upon a pre-existing vulnerability which triggers and worsen the symptoms of psychopathology (p. 1) He stresses out that the pathway of vulnerability depends on neuro-endocrine through stress exposure specifically cortisol release that brings about the hypothalamic-pituitary adrenal axis that influences dopamine transmission. (exampleessays.com)
  • FRIDAY, April 13, 2018 -- Politically-focused intrusive thoughts and associated ritualistic behaviors (PITRBs) are associated with measures of psychopathology and disability, according to a study published online March 31 in the Journal of Anxiety Disorders . (drugs.com)
  • To narrow the topic of aggression, chapter 14 concentrates specifically on the topic of psychopathology. (vernonjohns.org)
  • it provides useful information on a range of concepts relating to emotions and psychopathology, and on their application to individuals suffering from mental illness. (waterstones.com)
  • This book reviews existing evolutionary models of specific conditions and connects them in a broader perspective, with the goal of explaining the large-scale patterns of risk and comorbidity that characterize psychopathology. (oup.com)
  • The contributors also bring a broad range of theoretical perspectives to the diverse array of case studies, including psychoanalytic, psychodynamic-interpersonal, cognitive, and cognitive-behavioral conceptualizations of psychopathology and psychotherapeutic methods. (wiley.com)
  • The journal publishes articles on research investigations that enhance understanding of psychopathology and mental disorders applicable to all ages, deviant or abnormal behaviors, including those related to medical conditions and trauma, and constructs descriptive of personality. (springer.com)
  • and a comprehensive review of the empirical research on fathers and developmental psychopathology. (librarything.com)
  • All will gain an appreciation for the many facets of this growing field, and of the need to base interventions on research and on a humane attitude toward each child and family.Haugaard, Jeffrey J. is the author of 'Child Psychopathology ', published 2007 under ISBN 9780073405506 and ISBN 0073405507. (valorebooks.com)
  • Annual research review: The neuroinflammation hypothesis for stress and psychopathology in children--developmental psychoneuroimmunology. (nih.gov)
  • Research provides varying accounts of the putative associations between creativity and psychopathology, with the disparity possibly due to methodological issues, such as small, highly specialized samples of eminent creators, or dependence on subjective and anecdotal accounts (e.g. (frontiersin.org)
  • A consecutive series of 100 patients with type 1 diabetes was studied, collecting main clinical parameters and assessing psychopathology with the self-reported questionnaire Symptom Checklist 90-revised. (hindawi.com)
  • I Am Sam: A Diagnostic View Mental Retardation and Autistic Spectrum Disorders Advance Psychopathology In the movie I Am Sam, Sam, the main character and the focus of this writing, is a "mentally challenged- father who enlists the aid of an attorney to help him regain custody of his daughter. (exampleessays.com)