Psychiatric Department, Hospital
Commitment of Mentally Ill
Mentally Ill Persons
Social Work, Psychiatric
Emergency Services, Psychiatric
Mind-Body Relations, Metaphysical
Internship and Residency
Education, Medical, Undergraduate
Attitude of Health Personnel
Referral and Consultation
Medicine in Literature
Community Mental Health Services
Biography as Topic
Delirium, Dementia, Amnestic, Cognitive Disorders
Education, Medical, Graduate
Affective Disorders, Psychotic
Reactive Attachment Disorder
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Relationship between practice counselling and referral to outpatient psychiatry and clinical psychology. (1/743)BACKGROUND: Although reduction in the use of secondary care mental health services is a suggested benefit of counselling in general practice, there has been little empirical investigation of this relationship. AIM: To investigate the relationship between the provision of counselling in general practice and the use of outpatient psychiatry and clinical psychology services across a geographical area. METHOD: Information on referrals to outpatient psychiatry and clinical psychology from all general practices in the London Borough of Islington over one year (October 1993 to September 1994) was collected from the routine information systems of the main hospital departments serving this area. Referral rates per 1000 practice population were compared for practices with and without a practice-based counsellor. RESULTS: Fifteen (35%) of the 43 practices had a counsellor based in the practice. The median referral rate to clinical psychology was higher in practices with a counsellor (4.1 per 1000) than in practices without a counsellor (0.8 per 1000). There was no relationship between the provision of practice counselling and median referral rates to outpatient psychiatry (1.8 per 1000 with a counsellor, 1.7 per 1000 without a counsellor). CONCLUSION: Provision of practice counselling in the study was associated with higher referral rates to clinical psychology and no difference in referral rates to outpatient psychiatry. This is in contrast to the hypothesis that counselling reduces the use of secondary care mental health services. (+info)
Early theory and research on hemispheric specialization. (2/743)This article provides an account of early theory and research on hemispheric specialization. It begins by tracing theory and research on localization of function that set the stage for the discovery of hemispheric specialization. After that, it describes the studies of Paul Broca, John Hughlings-Jackson, and others on hemisphere specialization and reviews some of the proposed explanations for the phenomenon. It then turns to the study of hemispheric specialization and mental illness, and it ends by identifying some of the linkages between theory and research from the past and the present. (+info)
A new method of developing expert consensus practice guidelines. (3/743)To improve the quality of medical care while reducing costs, it is necessary to standardize best practice habits at the most crucial clinical decision points. Because many pertinent questions encountered in everyday practice are not well answered by the available research, expert consensus is a valuable bridge between clinical research and clinical practice. Previous methods of developing expert consensus have been limited by their relative lack of quantification, specificity, representativeness, and implementation. This article describes a new method of developing, documenting, and disseminating expert consensus guidelines that meets these concerns. This method has already been applied to four disorders in psychiatry and could be equally useful for other medical conditions. Leading clinical researchers studying a given disorder complete a survey soliciting their opinions on its most important disease management questions that are not covered well by definitive research. The survey response rates among the experts for the four different psychiatric disorders have each exceeded 85%. The views of the clinical researchers are validated by surveying separately a large group of practicing clinicians to ensure that the guideline recommendations are widely generalizable. All of the suggestions made in the guideline are derived from, and referenced to, the experts' survey responses using criteria that were established a priori for defining first-, second-, and third-line choices. Analysis of survey results suggests that this method of quantifying expert responses achieves a high level of reliability and reproducibility. This survey method is probably the best available means for standardizing practice for decisions points not well covered by research. (+info)
Managing somatic preoccupation. (4/743)Somatically preoccupied patients are a heterogeneous group of persons who have no genuine physical disorder but manifest psychologic conflicts in a somatic fashion; who have a notable psychologic overlay that accompanies or complicates a genuine physical disorder; or who have psychophysiologic symptoms in which psychologic factors play a major role in physiologic symptoms. In the primary care setting, somatic preoccupation is far more prevalent among patients than are the psychiatric disorders collectively referred to as somatoform disorders (e.g., somatization disorder, hypochondriasis). Diagnostic clues include normal results from physical examination and diagnostic tests, multiple unexplained symptoms, high health care utilization patterns and specific factors in the family and the social history. Treatment may include a physician behavior management strategy, antidepressants, psychiatric consultation and cognitive-behavior therapy. (+info)
Persistence of substance use-related hospital utilization among psychiatric consultation patients. (5/743)Among 86 consecutive consultation-liaison (C-L) patients with current substance use-related hospital attendance, the case records revealed an average history of 5.9 years in male patients and 5.3 years in female patients of repeated substance use-related hospital visits. A history of at least 1 year was found in 60% (52/86) of patients. The history had started at the age of early 30s with attempted suicide as the most common principal diagnosis. By the age of 40, there had been several hospital visits for various health problems. However, 48% (41/86) of the patients had never received substance use treatment. It appeared that opportunities to intervene with substance use were frequently missed on hospital encounters, a finding also observed in earlier studies. (+info)
Differences between generalists and mental health specialists in the psychiatric treatment of Medicare beneficiaries. (6/743)OBJECTIVE: To examine differences between the general medical and mental health specialty sectors in the expenditure and treatment patterns of aged and disabled Medicare beneficiaries with a physician diagnosis of psychiatric disorder. DATA SOURCES: Based on 1991-1993 Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey data, linked to the beneficiary's claims and area-level data on provider supply from the Area Resources File and the American Psychological Association. STUDY DESIGN: Outcomes examined included the number of psychiatric services received, psychiatric and total Medicare expenditures, the type of services received, whether or not the patient was hospitalized for a psychiatric disorder, the length of the psychiatric care episode, the intensity of service use, and satisfaction with care. We compared these outcomes for beneficiaries who did and did not receive mental health specialty services during the episode, using multiple regression analyses to adjust for observable population differences. We also performed sensitivity analyses using instrumental variables techniques to reduce the potential bias arising from unmeasured differences in patient case mix across sectors. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Relative to beneficiaries treated only in the general medical sector, those seen by a mental health specialist had longer episodes of care, were more likely to receive services specific to psychiatry, and had greater psychiatric and total expenditures. Among the elderly persons, the higher costs were due to a combination of longer episodes and greater intensity; among the persons who were disabled, they were due primarily to longer episodes. Some evidence was also found of higher satisfaction with care among the disabled individuals treated in the specialty sector. However, evidence of differences in psychiatric hospitalization rates was weaker. CONCLUSIONS: Mental health care provided to Medicare beneficiaries in the general medical sector does not appear to substitute perfectly for care provided in the specialty sector. Our study suggests that the treatment patterns in the specialty sector may be preferred by some patients; further, earlier findings indicate geographic barriers to obtaining specialty care. Thus, the matching of service use to clinical need among this vulnerable population may be inappropriate. The need for further research on outcomes is indicated. (+info)
Sexual harassment of psychiatric trainees: experiences and attitudes. (7/743)A survey was carried out of psychiatric trainees' work-related experiences of unwanted sexual contact. A structured postal questionnaire was administered to 100 psychiatric trainees from senior house officer to specialist registrar level in a large psychiatric rotation. There was an 85% response rate; 86% (73) of the sample had experienced unwanted sexual contact, with 47% (40) experiencing deliberate touching, leaning over or cornering, and 18% (15) receiving letters, telephone calls or material of a sexual nature. Three-quarters (64) of respondents had experienced unwanted sexual contact from patients and 64% (54) from staff. Experiences and attitudes did not generally differ by gender, grade or training experience. Four out of 48 female respondents described stalking by patients. Of the 39 respondents who had reported harassment by patients, 31 felt supported by colleagues, while of the 13 who had reported harassment by colleagues, eight felt supported. Two-thirds of the respondents considered sexual harassment 'some-times' or 'frequently' a problem for the profession. Diagnoses of confusional states, mania or schizophrenia made subjects less likely to consider unwanted sexual behaviour to be 'sexual harassment' (86%, 80%, and 67%, respectively), but not for other diagnoses. Levels of threatening and intrusive sexual harassment are unacceptably high in this study group. Health trusts should adopt policies of 'zero tolerance' and all incidents should be reported. Psychological impact on victims should be acknowledged even when the behaviour of the perpetrator can be explained by diagnosis. (+info)
Characteristics of health plans that treat psychiatric patients. (8/743)Nationally representative data regarding the organizational, financial, and procedural features of health plans in which psychiatric patients receive treatment indicate that fewer privately insured, Medicaid, and Medicare managed care enrollees receive care from a psychiatrist than is true for "nonmanaged" enrollees. Financial considerations were reported to adversely affect treatment for one-third of all patients. Although utilization management techniques and financial/resource constraints commonly applied to patients in both managed and nonmanaged plans, performance-based incentives were rare in nonmanaged plans. The traditional health plan categories provide limited information to identify salient plan characteristics and guide policy decisions regarding the provision of care. (+info)
Biological psychiatry is a branch of psychiatry that focuses on the study of the biological and genetic factors that contribute to the development and treatment of mental disorders. It is also known as biological psychology or psychobiology. Biological psychiatrists investigate the underlying biological mechanisms that cause mental disorders, such as changes in brain chemistry, structure, and function. They also study the genetic and environmental factors that contribute to the development of mental disorders. The goal of biological psychiatry is to develop more effective treatments for mental disorders by understanding the biological basis of these conditions. This can include the use of medications, psychotherapy, and other interventions that target the underlying biological mechanisms of mental disorders. Overall, biological psychiatry plays an important role in advancing our understanding of mental disorders and developing more effective treatments for these conditions.
Child psychiatry is a branch of psychiatry that focuses on the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental health disorders in children and adolescents. It involves the assessment and management of emotional, behavioral, and cognitive problems that may arise during childhood and adolescence, including attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), anxiety disorders, depression, autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and other developmental disorders. Child psychiatrists work with children, adolescents, and their families to develop individualized treatment plans that may include medication, psychotherapy, and other interventions. They also collaborate with other healthcare professionals, such as pediatricians, psychologists, and social workers, to provide comprehensive care for children with mental health disorders. Child psychiatrists are trained to understand the unique developmental and social factors that may contribute to mental health problems in children and adolescents, and they use evidence-based treatments to help children and their families achieve optimal outcomes.
Community psychiatry is a branch of psychiatry that focuses on the delivery of mental health services to individuals in their natural environment, rather than in a hospital or institutional setting. The goal of community psychiatry is to promote mental health and prevent mental illness by providing accessible, culturally competent, and evidence-based care to individuals and communities. Community psychiatry involves working with a variety of stakeholders, including patients, families, caregivers, community organizations, and healthcare providers, to develop and implement comprehensive, coordinated, and effective mental health services. This may include providing individual and group therapy, medication management, case management, crisis intervention, and education and support services. Community psychiatrists also work to address the social determinants of mental health, such as poverty, discrimination, and lack of access to healthcare, by advocating for policy changes and collaborating with community organizations to promote mental health and well-being. Overall, community psychiatry aims to provide holistic, patient-centered care that is tailored to the unique needs and circumstances of each individual and community.
Adolescent psychiatry is a branch of psychiatry that focuses on the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental health disorders in adolescents, typically defined as individuals between the ages of 10 and 19 years old. Adolescents are a unique population with their own developmental challenges, including physical, emotional, and social changes, which can contribute to the development of mental health disorders. Adolescent psychiatrists work with adolescents and their families to identify and treat mental health disorders, such as depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, eating disorders, substance abuse, and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). They also work to promote healthy development and prevent mental health problems through education, counseling, and community outreach. Adolescent psychiatrists use a variety of treatment approaches, including medication, psychotherapy, and behavioral interventions, to address the specific needs of adolescents. They also work closely with other healthcare professionals, such as pediatricians, family doctors, and school counselors, to provide comprehensive care for adolescents with mental health disorders.
In the medical field, mental disorders are conditions that affect a person's thoughts, feelings, and behaviors, causing significant distress or impairment in daily functioning. Mental disorders are diagnosed based on a set of criteria outlined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), which is published by the American Psychiatric Association. The DSM-5 categorizes mental disorders into several broad categories, including: 1. Anxiety disorders: conditions characterized by excessive fear or worry, such as generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, and social anxiety disorder. 2. Mood disorders: conditions characterized by significant changes in mood, such as major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, and dysthymia. 3. Schizophrenia spectrum and other psychotic disorders: conditions characterized by delusions, hallucinations, disorganized thinking, and abnormal behavior, such as schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, and delusional disorder. 4. Neurodevelopmental disorders: conditions that begin in childhood and affect cognitive and social development, such as autism spectrum disorder and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). 5. Personality disorders: conditions characterized by enduring patterns of thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that deviate from societal norms and cause significant distress or impairment, such as borderline personality disorder, narcissistic personality disorder, and antisocial personality disorder. 6. Substance-related and addictive disorders: conditions characterized by the use of substances or behaviors that cause significant impairment in daily functioning, such as alcohol use disorder, opioid use disorder, and gambling disorder. 7. Eating disorders: conditions characterized by abnormal eating behaviors that cause significant distress or impairment, such as anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge eating disorder. Mental disorders can be caused by a combination of genetic, environmental, and psychological factors, and they can have a significant impact on a person's quality of life. Treatment for mental disorders typically involves a combination of medication, therapy, and lifestyle changes.
The term "Commitment of Mentally Ill" refers to the legal process by which a person who is diagnosed with a mental illness is placed under the care and custody of a mental health facility or institution. This process is typically initiated by a family member, friend, or healthcare professional who is concerned about the individual's safety or well-being. In most countries, there are specific legal procedures and criteria that must be met in order to involuntarily commit a person with a mental illness. These procedures typically involve a court hearing, during which a judge will consider evidence from mental health professionals and other witnesses to determine whether the individual meets the legal criteria for commitment. Once a person is committed, they are typically placed in a mental health facility or institution where they can receive treatment and care for their mental illness. The length of time that a person remains committed can vary depending on the severity of their illness and the effectiveness of their treatment. In some cases, a person may be released from commitment after a certain period of time, while in other cases they may remain committed indefinitely.
In the medical field, "dangerous behavior" refers to any behavior that poses a significant risk of harm to oneself or others. This can include a wide range of actions, such as substance abuse, reckless driving, self-harm, or violent behavior. Medical professionals may encounter dangerous behavior in a variety of settings, including hospitals, clinics, and mental health facilities. In these settings, it is important for healthcare providers to recognize and address dangerous behavior in order to prevent harm to patients and others. Treatment for dangerous behavior may involve a combination of therapy, medication, and other interventions, depending on the underlying cause of the behavior and the severity of the risk it poses. It is important for healthcare providers to work closely with patients and their families to develop a comprehensive treatment plan that addresses both the behavior itself and any underlying mental health or medical conditions that may be contributing to it.
In the medical field, a career choice refers to the decision made by an individual to pursue a specific career path within the medical profession. This decision is typically based on a variety of factors, including personal interests, skills, and values, as well as the potential for job satisfaction, financial stability, and professional growth. Some common career choices in the medical field include becoming a doctor, nurse, physician assistant, pharmacist, or medical researcher. Each of these careers requires a different level of education and training, as well as different job responsibilities and work environments. Choosing a career in the medical field can be a complex and challenging process, as it involves making important decisions about education, training, and career advancement. It is important for individuals considering a career in medicine to carefully research their options and consider their personal goals and interests before making a decision.
In the medical field, coercion refers to the use of pressure, threats, or other forms of influence to compel someone to undergo a medical treatment or procedure against their will. This can include situations where a patient is not fully informed about the risks and benefits of a treatment, or where they are unable to make an informed decision due to mental illness or other factors. Coercion can take many forms, including physical force, verbal pressure, or manipulation of a patient's environment or social support network. It is generally considered unethical and can have serious consequences for the patient's physical and mental health, as well as their autonomy and dignity. In some cases, coercion may be necessary to protect the patient's safety or the safety of others, such as in cases of emergency medical treatment or when a patient is unable to provide informed consent due to a mental health crisis. However, in these cases, it is important to balance the need for coercion with the patient's rights and autonomy, and to ensure that the patient is fully informed and able to make an informed decision whenever possible.
Hysteria is a term that has been used in the medical field to describe a range of physical and psychological symptoms that are believed to be caused by emotional distress or stress. Historically, hysteria was considered a female-only disorder, and it was often associated with sexual dysfunction or neurosis. In modern medicine, the term "hysteria" is no longer used as a diagnostic label, as it is considered outdated and stigmatizing. Instead, the symptoms that were once attributed to hysteria are now understood to be caused by a variety of physical and psychological conditions, such as chronic pain, anxiety disorders, and somatic symptom disorder. If you are experiencing symptoms that you believe may be related to hysteria or any other medical condition, it is important to speak with a healthcare provider for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan.
Schizophrenia is a severe mental disorder characterized by a range of symptoms that affect a person's thoughts, emotions, and behavior. These symptoms can include hallucinations (hearing or seeing things that are not there), delusions (false beliefs that are not based in reality), disorganized thinking and speech, and problems with emotional expression and social interaction. Schizophrenia is a chronic condition that can last for a lifetime, although the severity of symptoms can vary over time. It is not caused by a single factor, but rather by a complex interplay of genetic, environmental, and neurobiological factors. Treatment for schizophrenia typically involves a combination of medication, therapy, and support from family and friends. While there is no cure for schizophrenia, with proper treatment, many people are able to manage their symptoms and lead fulfilling lives.
Deinstitutionalization refers to the process of reducing the number of individuals with mental illnesses who are institutionalized, or confined to psychiatric hospitals or other institutions, and instead providing them with community-based care and support. This approach aims to provide individuals with mental illnesses with more autonomy, dignity, and opportunities to live fulfilling lives in their own communities, rather than being isolated and confined in institutions. Deinstitutionalization has been a major trend in mental health care in many countries over the past few decades, as it is seen as a more humane and effective way of treating individuals with mental illnesses. However, it has also been criticized for leading to overcrowding in community mental health facilities and for failing to provide adequate support for individuals with severe mental illnesses who may require more intensive care.
Psychophysiologic disorders, also known as psychosomatic disorders or somatization disorders, are a group of conditions in which physical symptoms are caused or exacerbated by psychological factors. These disorders are characterized by the presence of multiple, persistent, and often vague physical symptoms that are not explained by a medical condition or substance use. Examples of psychophysiologic disorders include irritable bowel syndrome, chronic fatigue syndrome, fibromyalgia, and temporomandibular joint disorder (TMJ). These conditions can cause significant distress and disability, and may be difficult to diagnose and treat because the physical symptoms are not directly related to a specific underlying medical condition. Psychophysiologic disorders are often treated with a combination of psychological therapy and medication. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is a common type of therapy used to treat these conditions, as it can help individuals identify and change negative thought patterns and behaviors that may be contributing to their physical symptoms. Medications such as antidepressants and anti-anxiety drugs may also be prescribed to help manage symptoms.
The attitude of health personnel refers to the beliefs, values, and emotions that healthcare providers bring to their work with patients. It encompasses their approach to patient care, their level of empathy and compassion, their communication skills, and their overall demeanor towards patients and colleagues. A positive attitude of health personnel is essential for providing high-quality patient care. It can help to build trust and rapport with patients, improve communication and collaboration with colleagues, and enhance the overall patient experience. On the other hand, a negative attitude can have a detrimental effect on patient care, leading to misunderstandings, conflicts, and poor outcomes. Healthcare providers are trained to develop a positive attitude towards their work and their patients. This includes cultivating empathy, compassion, and respect for patients, as well as developing effective communication and interpersonal skills. Additionally, healthcare organizations may provide training and support to help staff maintain a positive attitude and cope with the challenges of working in the healthcare field.
Behaviorism is a theoretical framework that focuses on observable behavior as the primary object of study in the medical field. It is a psychological approach that emphasizes the role of environmental factors in shaping behavior, rather than internal mental states or cognitive processes. In the medical field, behaviorism is often used to understand and treat a wide range of conditions, including mental health disorders, addiction, and developmental disabilities. Behavioral interventions, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and contingency management, are commonly used to modify maladaptive behaviors and promote positive changes in behavior. Behaviorism also plays a role in the development of medical technologies and devices, such as prosthetics and assistive devices, that are designed to enhance or restore functional behavior. Overall, behaviorism provides a useful framework for understanding and treating a wide range of medical conditions, and its principles continue to inform research and practice in the field.
I'm sorry, but I cannot provide a definition of "Communism" in the medical field as it is a political ideology and not related to medicine or healthcare. The medical field focuses on the study, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases and injuries, as well as the promotion of overall health and well-being. If you have any questions related to medicine or healthcare, I would be happy to try and assist you.
Community Mental Health Services refer to a range of mental health services that are provided outside of traditional hospital settings, such as psychiatric hospitals or clinics. These services are designed to support individuals with mental health conditions in their communities, and to help them maintain their mental health and well-being. Community Mental Health Services may include a variety of different types of services, such as: 1. Outpatient therapy: This type of service involves regular meetings with a mental health professional, either individually or in a group setting, to discuss and work through mental health concerns. 2. Case management: This type of service involves a mental health professional working with an individual to develop a plan for managing their mental health needs, including accessing other services and resources as needed. 3. Support groups: These are groups of individuals who meet regularly to share their experiences and provide support to one another. 4. Crisis intervention: This type of service involves providing immediate support and assistance to individuals who are experiencing a mental health crisis, such as a suicide attempt or a severe episode of psychosis. 5. Assertive community treatment (ACT): This type of service involves a team of mental health professionals working closely with an individual to provide intensive, personalized support and treatment in the community. Overall, the goal of Community Mental Health Services is to help individuals with mental health conditions maintain their independence and quality of life, while also providing them with the support and resources they need to manage their conditions effectively.
In the medical field, "Biography as Topic" refers to the study of the life story of an individual, particularly in relation to their health and medical history. This can include the examination of a person's personal experiences with illness, injury, or disability, as well as their interactions with healthcare providers and the healthcare system. Biography as Topic can be used to gain insights into the ways in which an individual's personal history and experiences shape their health and healthcare needs, as well as to identify patterns and trends in the healthcare experiences of different groups of people. It can also be used to inform the development of more personalized and patient-centered healthcare approaches. Overall, Biography as Topic is a valuable tool for understanding the complex interplay between an individual's personal history and their health and healthcare experiences.
In the medical field, attitude refers to a person's disposition or inclination towards a particular situation, person, or issue. It encompasses a person's beliefs, values, and emotions towards a particular topic or issue, and can influence their behavior and decision-making. For example, a healthcare provider's attitude towards a particular patient or medical condition can impact their approach to treatment and care. A positive attitude can lead to more effective communication, better patient outcomes, and improved patient satisfaction. On the other hand, a negative attitude can lead to poor patient outcomes, decreased patient satisfaction, and even medical malpractice. In addition, attitude can also refer to a person's overall disposition towards their own health and well-being. A positive attitude towards health and wellness can lead to healthier behaviors and better health outcomes, while a negative attitude can lead to unhealthy behaviors and poor health outcomes. Overall, attitude plays a significant role in the medical field, and healthcare providers are encouraged to cultivate positive attitudes towards their patients, their work, and their own health and well-being.
Delirium, Dementia, Amnestic, Cognitive Disorders (DDA) is a group of conditions that affect cognitive function, including memory, attention, and language. These conditions can be caused by a variety of factors, including aging, brain injury, stroke, infections, and certain medications. Delirium is a sudden onset of confusion and disorientation that can occur in people of any age, but is most common in older adults. It is often caused by an underlying medical condition, such as an infection or medication side effect. Dementia is a chronic condition that affects memory, thinking, and behavior. It is often associated with aging and is characterized by a gradual decline in cognitive function over time. There are many different types of dementia, including Alzheimer's disease, vascular dementia, and frontotemporal dementia. Amnestic disorders are a type of dementia that specifically affects memory. People with amnestic disorders may have difficulty remembering recent events or may have trouble forming new memories. Cognitive disorders are a broad category of conditions that affect cognitive function, including memory, attention, language, and problem-solving skills. They can be caused by a variety of factors, including aging, brain injury, stroke, infections, and certain medications.
Antipsychotic agents, also known as neuroleptics, are a class of medications used to treat various mental health conditions, including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and severe depression. These medications work by blocking the action of dopamine, a neurotransmitter that plays a role in the regulation of mood, behavior, and cognition. Antipsychotic agents are typically classified into two main categories: typical antipsychotics and atypical antipsychotics. Typical antipsychotics, such as haloperidol and chlorpromazine, were the first antipsychotic medications developed and are known for their ability to produce significant side effects, including movement disorders and cognitive impairment. Atypical antipsychotics, such as risperidone and olanzapine, were developed later and are generally considered to have fewer side effects, although they can still cause weight gain, metabolic changes, and other adverse effects. Antipsychotic agents are typically prescribed to help reduce symptoms of psychosis, such as hallucinations and delusions, and to improve overall functioning in individuals with mental health conditions. However, they can also be used to treat other conditions, such as Tourette's syndrome and restless leg syndrome. It is important to note that antipsychotic agents should only be used under the guidance of a qualified healthcare professional, as they can have significant side effects and may interact with other medications.
Bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depressive illness, is a mental health condition characterized by extreme mood swings that include episodes of mania or hypomania (abnormally elevated or irritable mood) and depression. These mood swings can be severe and can significantly impact a person's daily life, relationships, and ability to function. Bipolar disorder is typically diagnosed based on a person's symptoms, medical history, and a physical examination. There are several different types of bipolar disorder, including bipolar I disorder, bipolar II disorder, cyclothymic disorder, and other specified bipolar and related disorders. Treatment for bipolar disorder typically involves a combination of medication and therapy. Medications used to treat bipolar disorder may include mood stabilizers, antipsychotics, and antidepressants. Therapy may include cognitive-behavioral therapy, interpersonal and social rhythm therapy, and family-focused therapy. It is important to note that bipolar disorder is a serious medical condition that requires ongoing treatment and management. With proper treatment, many people with bipolar disorder are able to manage their symptoms and lead fulfilling lives.
In the medical field, the term "crime" typically refers to the act of intentionally causing harm or injury to another person, often with the intent to commit a criminal offense. This can include physical violence, sexual assault, or other forms of harm that are intended to cause physical or emotional harm to another person. Medical professionals who encounter cases of crime may be involved in the investigation and documentation of the crime, as well as the treatment and care of the victim. They may also be called upon to provide expert testimony in court proceedings related to the crime. It is important to note that the term "crime" in the medical field is distinct from medical errors or malpractice, which refer to mistakes made by healthcare providers that result in harm to patients. While medical errors can be tragic and have serious consequences, they are not intentional acts of harm and are not considered criminal offenses.
In the medical field, a curriculum refers to a comprehensive plan or program of study that outlines the knowledge, skills, and experiences that medical students are expected to acquire during their education. The curriculum typically includes a combination of classroom instruction, laboratory work, clinical rotations, and other learning activities designed to prepare students for their future careers as healthcare professionals. The curriculum for medical students typically covers a wide range of topics, including anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, pharmacology, pathology, microbiology, medical ethics, and clinical skills. Medical schools may also offer electives or specialized tracks that allow students to focus on specific areas of interest, such as pediatrics, surgery, or public health. The curriculum is typically developed and maintained by a team of educators, administrators, and healthcare professionals, and is subject to ongoing review and revision to ensure that it remains current and relevant to the evolving needs of the medical field.
Psychotic disorders are a group of mental illnesses characterized by a loss of contact with reality. People with psychotic disorders may experience hallucinations (seeing or hearing things that are not there), delusions (firmly held beliefs that are not based in reality), disorganized thinking or speech, and other symptoms that significantly impair their ability to function in daily life. Psychotic disorders can be further classified into several subtypes, including schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, delusional disorder, and brief psychotic disorder. These disorders can affect people of all ages and genders, and their symptoms can range from mild to severe. Psychotic disorders are typically treated with a combination of medication and therapy, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy or family therapy. Early diagnosis and treatment are important for improving outcomes and reducing the risk of relapse.
Affective disorders, also known as mood disorders, are a group of mental health conditions characterized by significant disturbances in a person's mood, emotions, and behavior. Psychotic disorders, on the other hand, are a group of mental health conditions characterized by a loss of contact with reality, including delusions, hallucinations, and disorganized thinking. Affective disorders that are also psychotic are a subset of mood disorders that are characterized by the presence of psychotic symptoms, such as delusions or hallucinations, in addition to the mood symptoms. Examples of affective disorders that can be psychotic include bipolar disorder with psychotic features, major depressive disorder with psychotic features, and schizoaffective disorder. It is important to note that not all individuals with affective disorders will experience psychotic symptoms, and not all individuals with psychotic symptoms will have an affective disorder. Additionally, the presence of psychotic symptoms can complicate the diagnosis and treatment of affective disorders, as well as increase the risk of suicide and other negative outcomes.
Crisis intervention is a type of medical intervention that is designed to help individuals who are experiencing a mental health crisis or a medical emergency. It is typically provided by mental health professionals, such as psychiatrists, psychologists, or social workers, or by emergency medical services personnel. The goal of crisis intervention is to stabilize the individual and prevent them from harming themselves or others. This may involve providing emotional support, assessing the individual's needs and risks, and connecting them with appropriate resources and services. Crisis intervention can take many forms, depending on the individual's needs and the nature of the crisis. It may involve brief, one-time interventions, such as a consultation with a mental health professional or a visit to an emergency department, or it may involve longer-term treatment, such as inpatient hospitalization or outpatient therapy. Overall, crisis intervention is an important part of the medical field, as it can help individuals who are experiencing a mental health crisis or a medical emergency to get the help they need and prevent more serious consequences.
Psychoses, Substance-Induced are a group of mental disorders that are caused by the use of certain substances, such as drugs or alcohol. These disorders can include hallucinations, delusions, and other symptoms that are similar to those seen in schizophrenia. They are often reversible when the substance use is stopped, but can also be long-lasting or even permanent if the substance use continues.
Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD) is a mental health disorder that affects children who have experienced significant disruptions in their early attachment relationships. It is characterized by a pattern of behavior that is reactive, avoidant, or disorganized in response to social interactions and relationships. Children with RAD may have difficulty forming healthy attachments with caregivers and may exhibit behaviors such as aggression, withdrawal, and difficulty regulating emotions. They may also have difficulty understanding social cues and may struggle to form meaningful relationships with others. RAD is typically diagnosed in children who have experienced early childhood trauma, such as neglect, abuse, or separation from a primary caregiver. It is a complex disorder that requires a multidisciplinary approach to treatment, including therapy, medication, and support from caregivers and family members.
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Forensic Psychiatry - MU Health Care
Moses Adult Outpatient Psychiatry Program
Daniel E. Gih, MD | Psychiatry | University of Nebraska Medical Center
- The department is built on the assertion that psychiatry is a brain-based specialty that encompasses biological, psychological, social, interpersonal, and spiritual parameters. (bcm.edu)
- Forensic Psychiatry is a specialty of psychiatry primarily concerned with individuals who have offended and who also suffer from a mental disorder. (wpanet.org)
- JAMA Psychiatry , doi:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2016.0465, published online 18 May 2016. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Front Psychiatry;14: 1115357, 2023. (bvsalud.org)
- The Menninger Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, located within the largest medical center in the world, provides compassionate and exceptional care as well as cutting-edge research and extensive education and training opportunities that prepare our next generation of providers for prominent positions nationally and internationally. (bcm.edu)
- Dr. Wayne K. Goodman, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences chair, shares the importance of team science. (bcm.edu)
- View information about how the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences is supporting its faculty, staff and trainees. (bcm.edu)
- The Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences provides outstanding mental health education and multidisciplinary training. (bcm.edu)
- McHugh began his training in neurology and spent his career directing psychiatry away from its "misadventures" toward a more empirical approach in the manner of other medical disciplines. (thenewatlantis.com)
- His training in neurology and psychiatry prefigured the widespread view that increasingly the two fields will overlap. (thenewatlantis.com)
- A meeting point for neurology and psychiatry? (cambridge.org)
- It was not our active intention to reduce trainees' exposure to old age psychiatry but this was a product of the challenge of trying to accommodate neurology, psychopharmacology and psychotherapy which currently are not routine placements. (cambridge.org)
- McHugh served as the Chairman and Henry Phipps Professor of Psychiatry at Hopkins from 1975 to 1992, transforming the program into the best in the nation. (thenewatlantis.com)
- David Baron, MSEd, DO, DFAPA, FACP, FACN is Professor and Vice Chair of the Dept. of Psychiatry at the Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California, and Psychiatrist-in-Chief of Keck University Hospitals of USC. (weltbild.de)
- Dr. Logan is a Professor of Psychiatry and Neurobiology at the University of Massachusetts Chan Medical School. (umassmed.edu)
- He was an Assistant Professor in Psychiatry at University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine from 2015-2020, and most recently on the faculty of the Department of Pharmacology at Boston University School of Medicine. (umassmed.edu)
- Our forensic psychiatry evaluations will include psychological testing when necessary. (cincinnatichildrens.org)
- As a section we provide a forum for practitioners to exchange experiences and views on all matters pertinent to forensic psychiatry. (wpanet.org)
- We also have an internationally known Law and Psychiatry program with faculty studying cutting edge topics including competence to consent to or refuse treatment, violence risk assessment, forensic mental health service delivery, coercion in clinical treatment, identification of mental health needs of youths in juvenile justice settings, and juveniles' competence to stand trial. (umassmed.edu)
- At University of Missouri Health Care, the division of Forensic Psychiatry offers a full range of civil and criminal evaluations. (muhealth.org)
- Address: University Clinic for Psychiatry, Medical Faculty, University "St. Cyril and Methodius", Beogradska bb. (wpanet.org)
- We understand the arguments put forward by Burza & Hilton about the value of old age psychiatry and their assertion that it has non-parity with other specialties in our proposed scheme for postgraduate training in psychiatry. (cambridge.org)
- Practice of psychiatry based on the theory that an individualized recipe of dietary supplements and other substances and other interventions can address each individual patient's specific constellation of symptoms . (behavenet.com)
- This NIDA news release titled "Endocarditis in patients with cocaine or opioid use disorder markedly increased between 2011 and 2022" highlights the important Molecular Psychiatry publication "Association of COVID-19 with endocarditis in patients with cocaine or opioid use disorders in the US" by Wang L. et al. (nature.com)
- From early on, Jaspers was concerned that psychiatry lacked a systematic approach to patients. (thenewatlantis.com)
- Throughout its history, Psychiatry shows a clear oscillation between biological and mentalistic perspectives. (bvsalud.org)
- The UMass Chan Department of Psychiatry (UMass Chan Medical School, UMass Memorial Health Care) is committed to outstanding patient-centered research, leading to the development of novel treatment approaches and seamless delivery of care. (umassmed.edu)
- The department is committed to translational science with a broad portfolio of active research projects, including basic science, clinical psychiatry, service delivery and epidemiology. (umassmed.edu)
- The Psychiatry Department houses a state of the art Center for Psychopharmacologic Research and Treatment , with a special focus on mood and anxiety disorders and schizophrenia, and conducts research on new and more effective pharmacological treatments. (umassmed.edu)
- Under the guidance of Franz Nissl (known for the Nissl stain of neurons) at the University of Heidelberg in 1913, Jaspers explored and organized two distinct understandings of psychiatry. (thenewatlantis.com)
- Fourth year psychiatry residents from Baystate Medical Center, affiliated with University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMMS), are eligible to participate in a 4- or 9-month elective in College Mental Health and Narrative Psychiatry. (umass.edu)
- Law, ethics and psychiatry / S.D. Sharma, J.S. Bapna. (who.int)
- Chapter authors are experts in the field and global leaders in the related professional organizations, including current and past Presidents/Chairs of the International Society for Sports Psychiatry and of the World Psychiatric Association Section on Exercise and Sports Psychiatry. (weltbild.de)
- Our divisions are dedicated to improving the lives of persons and families affected by psychiatry and behavioralconditions through clinical care, research, education, and community service. (bcm.edu)
- The elective is designed to offer participants experience in assessing and treating the mental health challenges that young adults face and in providing psychiatric care to college students using the collaborative, resilience-focused approach of narrative psychiatry. (umass.edu)
- In this journey as a Mental health Nurse Practitioner, I bring compassionate care, hope, and knowledge to the client I serve at Patterns Psychiatry. (psychologytoday.com)
- Residents are supervised by SuEllen Hamkins, MD, who has expertise in college mental health, narrative psychiatry and narrative therapy. (umass.edu)
- Our Section is also concerned with prison psychiatry. (wpanet.org)
- In his introduction to Karl Jaspers's General Psychopathology (one of the essays in this new book), McHugh introduces a man and his ideas - ideas important for anyone attempting to negotiate the difficult terrain of modern psychiatry, especially the pathways between mind and brain. (thenewatlantis.com)
- To a large degree, despite the fact that Freudian psychoanalysis became the preeminent doctrine of psychiatry, this sort of factionalism continued. (thenewatlantis.com)
- The aim of the present study is to identify the incidence of Dissociative Stupor and Possessions in psychiatry OPD population. (who.int)
- Building on the improving techniques in neuropathology, coupled with the identification of specific brain disorders such as schizophrenia and Alzheimer's disease, Jaspers saw the empirical investigation into the workings of the brain as central to psychiatry. (thenewatlantis.com)