Psychiatry: The medical science that deals with the origin, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of mental disorders.Biological Psychiatry: An interdisciplinary science concerned with studies of the biological bases of behavior - biochemical, genetic, physiological, and neurological - and applying these to the understanding and treatment of mental illness.Child Psychiatry: The medical science that deals with the origin, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of mental disorders in children.Forensic Psychiatry: Psychiatry in its legal aspects. This includes criminology, penology, commitment of mentally ill, the psychiatrist's role in compensation cases, the problems of releasing information to the court, and of expert testimony.Community Psychiatry: Branch of psychiatry concerned with the provision and delivery of a coordinated program of mental health care to a specified population. The foci included in this concept are: all social, psychological and physical factors related to etiology, prevention, and maintaining positive mental health in the community.Adolescent Psychiatry: The medical science that deals with the origin, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of mental disorders in individuals 13-18 years.Geriatric Psychiatry: A subspecialty of psychiatry concerned with the mental health of the aged.Insanity Defense: A legal concept that an accused is not criminally responsible if, at the time of committing the act, the person was laboring under such a defect of reason from disease of the mind as not to know the nature and quality of the act done or if the act was known, to not have known that what was done was wrong. (From Black's Law Dictionary, 6th ed)Psychoanalysis: The separation or resolution of the psyche into its constituent elements. The term has two separate meanings: 1. a procedure devised by Sigmund Freud, for investigating mental processes by means of free association, dream interpretation and interpretation of resistance and transference manifestations; and 2. a theory of psychology developed by Freud from his clinical experience with hysterical patients. (From Campbell, Psychiatric Dictionary, 1996).Mental Disorders: Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.Preventive Psychiatry: A discipline concerned with the prevention of mental illness and the promotion of mental health.Psychopharmacology: The study of the effects of drugs on mental and behavioral activity.Psychiatric Department, Hospital: Hospital department responsible for the organization and administration of psychiatric services.Military Psychiatry: Branch of psychiatry concerned with problems related to the prevention, diagnosis, etiology, and treatment of mental or emotional disorders of Armed Forces personnel.Neurology: A medical specialty concerned with the study of the structures, functions, and diseases of the nervous system.Hospitals, Psychiatric: Special hospitals which provide care to the mentally ill patient.Serbia: A republic located south of HUNGARY, west of ROMANIA and BULGARIA, and part of the former YUGOSLAVIA. The capital is Belgrade.Neuropsychiatry: A subfield of psychiatry that emphasizes the somatic substructure on which mental operations and emotions are based, and the functional or organic disturbances of the central nervous system that give rise to, contribute to, or are associated with mental and emotional disorders. (From Campbell's Psychiatric Dictionary, 8th ed.)Commitment of Mentally Ill: Legal process required for the institutionalization of a patient with severe mental problems.Literature, ModernHistory, 19th Century: Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.Dangerous Behavior: Actions which have a high risk of being harmful or injurious to oneself or others.Psychoanalytic Theory: Conceptual system developed by Freud and his followers in which unconscious motivations are considered to shape normal and abnormal personality development and behavior.Philosophy, MedicalMentally Ill Persons: Persons with psychiatric illnesses or diseases, particularly psychotic and severe mood disorders.Career Choice: Selection of a type of occupation or profession.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Social Work, Psychiatric: Use of all social work processes in the treatment of patients in a psychiatric or mental health setting.Psychosomatic Medicine: A system of medicine which aims at discovering the exact nature of the relationship between the emotions and bodily function, affirming the principle that the mind and body are one.Neurosciences: The scientific disciplines concerned with the embryology, anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, pharmacology, etc., of the nervous system.Emergency Services, Psychiatric: Organized services to provide immediate psychiatric care to patients with acute psychological disturbances.Mental Health Services: Organized services to provide mental health care.Psychoanalytic Therapy: A form of psychiatric treatment, based on Freudian principles, which seeks to eliminate or diminish the undesirable effects of unconscious conflicts by making the patient aware of their existence, origin, and inappropriate expression in current emotions and behavior.Psychotropic Drugs: A loosely defined grouping of drugs that have effects on psychological function. Here the psychotropic agents include the antidepressive agents, hallucinogens, and tranquilizing agents (including the antipsychotics and anti-anxiety agents).Mind-Body Relations, Metaphysical: The relation between the mind and the body in a religious, social, spiritual, behavioral, and metaphysical context. This concept is significant in the field of alternative medicine. It differs from the relationship between physiologic processes and behavior where the emphasis is on the body's physiology ( = PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY).Coercion: The use of force or intimidation to obtain compliance.Students, Medical: Individuals enrolled in a school of medicine or a formal educational program in medicine.Hysteria: Historical term for a chronic, but fluctuating, disorder beginning in early life and characterized by recurrent and multiple somatic complaints not apparently due to physical illness. This diagnosis is not used in contemporary practice.Secularism: Indifference to, or rejection of, RELIGION or religious considerations. (From Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)Psychotherapy: A generic term for the treatment of mental illness or emotional disturbances primarily by verbal or nonverbal communication.Internship and Residency: Programs of training in medicine and medical specialties offered by hospitals for graduates of medicine to meet the requirements established by accrediting authorities.Schizophrenia: A severe emotional disorder of psychotic depth characteristically marked by a retreat from reality with delusion formation, HALLUCINATIONS, emotional disharmony, and regressive behavior.Deinstitutionalization: The practice of caring for individuals in the community, rather than in an institutional environment with resultant effects on the individual, the individual's family, the community, and the health care system.Specialization: An occupation limited in scope to a subsection of a broader field.Education, Medical, Undergraduate: The period of medical education in a medical school. In the United States it follows the baccalaureate degree and precedes the granting of the M.D.Moral Development: The process by which individuals internalize standards of right and wrong conduct.Medicine: The art and science of studying, performing research on, preventing, diagnosing, and treating disease, as well as the maintenance of health.Psychophysiologic Disorders: A group of disorders characterized by physical symptoms that are affected by emotional factors and involve a single organ system, usually under AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM control. (American Psychiatric Glossary, 1988)Mental Competency: The ability to understand the nature and effect of the act in which the individual is engaged. (From Black's Law Dictionary, 6th ed).Psychopathology: The study of significant causes and processes in the development of mental illness.Attitude of Health Personnel: Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.Countertransference (Psychology): Conscious or unconscious emotional reaction of the therapist to the patient which may interfere with treatment. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)Referral and Consultation: The practice of sending a patient to another program or practitioner for services or advice which the referring source is not prepared to provide.Behaviorism: A psychologic theory, developed by John Broadus Watson, concerned with studying and measuring behaviors that are observable.Medicine in Literature: Written or other literary works whose subject matter is medical or about the profession of medicine and related areas.Communism: A totalitarian system of government in which a single authoritarian party controls state-owned means of production with the professed aim of establishing a classless society.Community Mental Health Services: Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive mental health services provided for individuals in the community.Psychology, Medical: A branch of psychology in which there is collaboration between psychologists and physicians in the management of medical problems. It differs from clinical psychology, which is concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of behavior disorders.Ethics, Medical: The principles of professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the physician, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the physician in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families.Freudian Theory: Philosophic formulations which are basic to psychoanalysis. Some of the conceptual theories developed were of the libido, repression, regression, transference, id, ego, superego, Oedipus Complex, etc.Expert Testimony: Presentation of pertinent data by one with special skill or knowledge representing mastery of a particular subject.Biography as Topic: A written account of a person's life and the branch of literature concerned with the lives of people. (Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed)Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Attitude: An enduring, learned predisposition to behave in a consistent way toward a given class of objects, or a persistent mental and/or neural state of readiness to react to a certain class of objects, not as they are but as they are conceived to be.Delirium, Dementia, Amnestic, Cognitive Disorders: Cognitive disorders including delirium, dementia, and other cognitive disorders. These may be the result of substance use, trauma, or other causes.Antipsychotic Agents: Agents that control agitated psychotic behavior, alleviate acute psychotic states, reduce psychotic symptoms, and exert a quieting effect. They are used in SCHIZOPHRENIA; senile dementia; transient psychosis following surgery; or MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION; etc. These drugs are often referred to as neuroleptics alluding to the tendency to produce neurological side effects, but not all antipsychotics are likely to produce such effects. Many of these drugs may also be effective against nausea, emesis, and pruritus.Freedom: The rights of individuals to act and make decisions without external constraints.Fantasy: An imagined sequence of events or mental images, e.g., daydreams.Transference (Psychology): The unconscious transfer to others (including psychotherapists) of feelings and attitudes which were originally associated with important figures (parents, siblings, etc.) in one's early life.Bipolar Disorder: A major affective disorder marked by severe mood swings (manic or major depressive episodes) and a tendency to remission and recurrence.Crime: A violation of the criminal law, i.e., a breach of the conduct code specifically sanctioned by the state, which through its administrative agencies prosecutes offenders and imposes and administers punishments. The concept includes unacceptable actions whether prosecuted or going unpunished.Holocaust: A massive slaughter, especially the systematic mass extermination of European Jews in Nazi concentration camps prior to and during World War II.History, 18th Century: Time period from 1701 through 1800 of the common era.Humanism: An ethical system which emphasizes human values and the personal worth of each individual, as well as concern for the dignity and freedom of humankind.Eugenics: The attempt to improve the PHENOTYPES of future generations of the human population by fostering the reproduction of those with favorable phenotypes and GENOTYPES and hampering or preventing BREEDING by those with "undesirable" phenotypes and genotypes. The concept is largely discredited. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)History, 21st Century: Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.Education, Medical, Graduate: Educational programs for medical graduates entering a specialty. They include formal specialty training as well as academic work in the clinical and basic medical sciences, and may lead to board certification or an advanced medical degree.Education, Medical: Use for general articles concerning medical education.Religion and Psychology: The interrelationship of psychology and religion.Curriculum: A course of study offered by an educational institution.Videoconferencing: Communications via an interactive conference between two or more participants at different sites, using computer networks (COMPUTER COMMUNICATION NETWORKS) or other telecommunication links to transmit audio, video, and data.Interprofessional Relations: The reciprocal interaction of two or more professional individuals.Personnel Selection: The process of choosing employees for specific types of employment. The concept includes recruitment.USSRPsychotic Disorders: Disorders in which there is a loss of ego boundaries or a gross impairment in reality testing with delusions or prominent hallucinations. (From DSM-IV, 1994)Affective Disorders, Psychotic: Disorders in which the essential feature is a severe disturbance in mood (depression, anxiety, elation, and excitement) accompanied by psychotic symptoms such as delusions, hallucinations, gross impairment in reality testing, etc.HistoryCrisis Intervention: Brief therapeutic approach which is ameliorative rather than curative of acute psychiatric emergencies. Used in contexts such as emergency rooms of psychiatric or general hospitals, or in the home or place of crisis occurrence, this treatment approach focuses on interpersonal and intrapsychic factors and environmental modification. (APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 7th ed)Psychoses, Substance-Induced: Psychotic organic mental disorders resulting from the toxic effect of drugs and chemicals or other harmful substance.Reactive Attachment Disorder: Markedly disturbed and developmentally inappropriate social relatedness that begins before age 5 and is associated with grossly pathological child care. The child may persistently fail to initiate and respond to social interactions in a developmentally appropriate way (inhibited type) or there may be a pattern of diffuse attachments with nondiscriminate sociability (disinhibited type). (From DSM-V)Great BritainFamous PersonsDiagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: Categorical classification of MENTAL DISORDERS based on criteria sets with defining features. It is produced by the American Psychiatric Association. (DSM-IV, page xxii)Educational Measurement: The assessing of academic or educational achievement. It includes all aspects of testing and test construction.Electroconvulsive Therapy: Electrically induced CONVULSIONS primarily used in the treatment of severe AFFECTIVE DISORDERS and SCHIZOPHRENIA.

Relationship between practice counselling and referral to outpatient psychiatry and clinical psychology. (1/743)

BACKGROUND: Although reduction in the use of secondary care mental health services is a suggested benefit of counselling in general practice, there has been little empirical investigation of this relationship. AIM: To investigate the relationship between the provision of counselling in general practice and the use of outpatient psychiatry and clinical psychology services across a geographical area. METHOD: Information on referrals to outpatient psychiatry and clinical psychology from all general practices in the London Borough of Islington over one year (October 1993 to September 1994) was collected from the routine information systems of the main hospital departments serving this area. Referral rates per 1000 practice population were compared for practices with and without a practice-based counsellor. RESULTS: Fifteen (35%) of the 43 practices had a counsellor based in the practice. The median referral rate to clinical psychology was higher in practices with a counsellor (4.1 per 1000) than in practices without a counsellor (0.8 per 1000). There was no relationship between the provision of practice counselling and median referral rates to outpatient psychiatry (1.8 per 1000 with a counsellor, 1.7 per 1000 without a counsellor). CONCLUSION: Provision of practice counselling in the study was associated with higher referral rates to clinical psychology and no difference in referral rates to outpatient psychiatry. This is in contrast to the hypothesis that counselling reduces the use of secondary care mental health services.  (+info)

Early theory and research on hemispheric specialization. (2/743)

This article provides an account of early theory and research on hemispheric specialization. It begins by tracing theory and research on localization of function that set the stage for the discovery of hemispheric specialization. After that, it describes the studies of Paul Broca, John Hughlings-Jackson, and others on hemisphere specialization and reviews some of the proposed explanations for the phenomenon. It then turns to the study of hemispheric specialization and mental illness, and it ends by identifying some of the linkages between theory and research from the past and the present.  (+info)

A new method of developing expert consensus practice guidelines. (3/743)

To improve the quality of medical care while reducing costs, it is necessary to standardize best practice habits at the most crucial clinical decision points. Because many pertinent questions encountered in everyday practice are not well answered by the available research, expert consensus is a valuable bridge between clinical research and clinical practice. Previous methods of developing expert consensus have been limited by their relative lack of quantification, specificity, representativeness, and implementation. This article describes a new method of developing, documenting, and disseminating expert consensus guidelines that meets these concerns. This method has already been applied to four disorders in psychiatry and could be equally useful for other medical conditions. Leading clinical researchers studying a given disorder complete a survey soliciting their opinions on its most important disease management questions that are not covered well by definitive research. The survey response rates among the experts for the four different psychiatric disorders have each exceeded 85%. The views of the clinical researchers are validated by surveying separately a large group of practicing clinicians to ensure that the guideline recommendations are widely generalizable. All of the suggestions made in the guideline are derived from, and referenced to, the experts' survey responses using criteria that were established a priori for defining first-, second-, and third-line choices. Analysis of survey results suggests that this method of quantifying expert responses achieves a high level of reliability and reproducibility. This survey method is probably the best available means for standardizing practice for decisions points not well covered by research.  (+info)

Managing somatic preoccupation. (4/743)

Somatically preoccupied patients are a heterogeneous group of persons who have no genuine physical disorder but manifest psychologic conflicts in a somatic fashion; who have a notable psychologic overlay that accompanies or complicates a genuine physical disorder; or who have psychophysiologic symptoms in which psychologic factors play a major role in physiologic symptoms. In the primary care setting, somatic preoccupation is far more prevalent among patients than are the psychiatric disorders collectively referred to as somatoform disorders (e.g., somatization disorder, hypochondriasis). Diagnostic clues include normal results from physical examination and diagnostic tests, multiple unexplained symptoms, high health care utilization patterns and specific factors in the family and the social history. Treatment may include a physician behavior management strategy, antidepressants, psychiatric consultation and cognitive-behavior therapy.  (+info)

Persistence of substance use-related hospital utilization among psychiatric consultation patients. (5/743)

Among 86 consecutive consultation-liaison (C-L) patients with current substance use-related hospital attendance, the case records revealed an average history of 5.9 years in male patients and 5.3 years in female patients of repeated substance use-related hospital visits. A history of at least 1 year was found in 60% (52/86) of patients. The history had started at the age of early 30s with attempted suicide as the most common principal diagnosis. By the age of 40, there had been several hospital visits for various health problems. However, 48% (41/86) of the patients had never received substance use treatment. It appeared that opportunities to intervene with substance use were frequently missed on hospital encounters, a finding also observed in earlier studies.  (+info)

Differences between generalists and mental health specialists in the psychiatric treatment of Medicare beneficiaries. (6/743)

OBJECTIVE: To examine differences between the general medical and mental health specialty sectors in the expenditure and treatment patterns of aged and disabled Medicare beneficiaries with a physician diagnosis of psychiatric disorder. DATA SOURCES: Based on 1991-1993 Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey data, linked to the beneficiary's claims and area-level data on provider supply from the Area Resources File and the American Psychological Association. STUDY DESIGN: Outcomes examined included the number of psychiatric services received, psychiatric and total Medicare expenditures, the type of services received, whether or not the patient was hospitalized for a psychiatric disorder, the length of the psychiatric care episode, the intensity of service use, and satisfaction with care. We compared these outcomes for beneficiaries who did and did not receive mental health specialty services during the episode, using multiple regression analyses to adjust for observable population differences. We also performed sensitivity analyses using instrumental variables techniques to reduce the potential bias arising from unmeasured differences in patient case mix across sectors. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Relative to beneficiaries treated only in the general medical sector, those seen by a mental health specialist had longer episodes of care, were more likely to receive services specific to psychiatry, and had greater psychiatric and total expenditures. Among the elderly persons, the higher costs were due to a combination of longer episodes and greater intensity; among the persons who were disabled, they were due primarily to longer episodes. Some evidence was also found of higher satisfaction with care among the disabled individuals treated in the specialty sector. However, evidence of differences in psychiatric hospitalization rates was weaker. CONCLUSIONS: Mental health care provided to Medicare beneficiaries in the general medical sector does not appear to substitute perfectly for care provided in the specialty sector. Our study suggests that the treatment patterns in the specialty sector may be preferred by some patients; further, earlier findings indicate geographic barriers to obtaining specialty care. Thus, the matching of service use to clinical need among this vulnerable population may be inappropriate. The need for further research on outcomes is indicated.  (+info)

Sexual harassment of psychiatric trainees: experiences and attitudes. (7/743)

A survey was carried out of psychiatric trainees' work-related experiences of unwanted sexual contact. A structured postal questionnaire was administered to 100 psychiatric trainees from senior house officer to specialist registrar level in a large psychiatric rotation. There was an 85% response rate; 86% (73) of the sample had experienced unwanted sexual contact, with 47% (40) experiencing deliberate touching, leaning over or cornering, and 18% (15) receiving letters, telephone calls or material of a sexual nature. Three-quarters (64) of respondents had experienced unwanted sexual contact from patients and 64% (54) from staff. Experiences and attitudes did not generally differ by gender, grade or training experience. Four out of 48 female respondents described stalking by patients. Of the 39 respondents who had reported harassment by patients, 31 felt supported by colleagues, while of the 13 who had reported harassment by colleagues, eight felt supported. Two-thirds of the respondents considered sexual harassment 'some-times' or 'frequently' a problem for the profession. Diagnoses of confusional states, mania or schizophrenia made subjects less likely to consider unwanted sexual behaviour to be 'sexual harassment' (86%, 80%, and 67%, respectively), but not for other diagnoses. Levels of threatening and intrusive sexual harassment are unacceptably high in this study group. Health trusts should adopt policies of 'zero tolerance' and all incidents should be reported. Psychological impact on victims should be acknowledged even when the behaviour of the perpetrator can be explained by diagnosis.  (+info)

Characteristics of health plans that treat psychiatric patients. (8/743)

Nationally representative data regarding the organizational, financial, and procedural features of health plans in which psychiatric patients receive treatment indicate that fewer privately insured, Medicaid, and Medicare managed care enrollees receive care from a psychiatrist than is true for "nonmanaged" enrollees. Financial considerations were reported to adversely affect treatment for one-third of all patients. Although utilization management techniques and financial/resource constraints commonly applied to patients in both managed and nonmanaged plans, performance-based incentives were rare in nonmanaged plans. The traditional health plan categories provide limited information to identify salient plan characteristics and guide policy decisions regarding the provision of care.  (+info)

  • It is the Maudsley Philosophy Group , a seminar that meets regularly on the grounds of the Maudsley Hospital, Britain's largest mental health teaching hospital, which is affiliated with the Institute of Psychiatry at King's College London. (nytimes.com)
  • We started out as a reading group for trainee psychiatrists," said Gareth S. Owen, a researcher at the Institute of Psychiatry who co-founded the group in 2002. (nytimes.com)
  • The mind-body problem also preoccupied Jacqueline P. Owen, a clinical lecturer in child and adolescent psychiatry who is married to Dr. Owen of the Institute of Psychiatry. (nytimes.com)
  • The Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, which focuses primarily on research into depression and anxiety disorders, is one of the world's leading institutes in this field. (mpg.de)
  • Silvia Cappello's life is all about movement: at the Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, she performs research into the way in which different types of neurons migrate to the correct position in the cerebral cortex, during embryonic development of the brain. (mpg.de)
  • Axel Steiger and his team at the Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry in Munich are studying the connection between disturbed sleep and depression. (mpg.de)
  • The scientists at the Max-Planck Institute of Psychiatry are developing a new system medicine approach in order to address these challenges. (mpg.de)
  • Dinesh Bhugra is Professor of Mental Health and Cultural Diversity, Health Service and Population Research Department, Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, UK. (google.co.uk)
  • Biological Psychiatry is also the first-ranked psychiatry journal according to Google Scholar (July 2020). (sobp.org)
  • The Association of Directors of Medical Student Education in Psychiatry (ADMSEP) Annual Meeting Program Committee is accepting submissions until November 16, 2020, for its June 2021 meeting. (springer.com)
  • Retrieved on February 23, 2020 from https://www.news-medical.net/health/What-is-Psychiatry.aspx. (news-medical.net)
  • European Psychiatry will be published under a Gold Open Access model with Cambridge University Press from 2020. (elsevier.com)
  • In Fall 2020, all counseling and psychiatry services will be offered virtually. (sc.edu)
  • The fellowship is designed to train psychiatrists in law and psychiatry who will devote their careers to practice, teaching, and research in forensic psychiatry. (emory.edu)
  • Focused clinical experiences, dedicated teaching and mentorship and a unique scope of research opportunities combine to distinguish the Geriatric Psychiatry Fellowship program as outstanding training for academically-oriented geriatric psychiatrists. (massgeneral.org)
  • Written by emergency physicians and psychiatrists, Emergency Psychiatry is a rapid reference for the acute management of psychiatric disorders for all care providers, including, but not limited to, emergency physicians, internists, psychiatrists, social workers, family practitioners and other primary care providers. (cambridge.org)
  • In the U.K., the number of medical students choosing psychiatry has dropped more than 50 percent since 2009 and over the past decade the number of psychiatrists has dropped by 26 percent while the number of physicians overall has increased more than 31 percent. (nih.gov)
  • Tom Brown, Assistant Registrar of Recruitment at the Royal College of Psychiatrists, U.K., told The Lancet: "Common perceptions within the medical profession include the view that psychiatry is just not scientific enough, is too remote from the rest of medicine, is often viewed negatively by other medical professionals, and is a specialty too often characterised by difficult doctor-patient relationships and limited success rates of therapeutic interventions. (nih.gov)
  • Child Psychology and Psychiatry, Third Edition is an indispensable resource for psychologists and psychiatrists in training, as well as experienced clinicians who want to stay abreast of important recent developments in the field. (wiley-vch.de)
  • Written by expert clinicians and researchers in a wide range of disciplines within or relevant to the fields of normal and abnormal childhood development, Child Psychology and Psychiatry includes contributions from clinical psychologists, neuropsychologists, child psychiatrists, pediatricians, speech pathologists, and developmental psychology and psychopathology researchers. (wiley-vch.de)
  • European Psychiatry is the official journal of the European Psychiatric Association , the largest international association of psychiatrists in Europe. (elsevier.com)
  • He is Director of a NIMH-funded National Research Service Award Primary Care-Psychiatry Fellowship that has successfully trained psychiatrists and primary care physicians for academic leadership positions. (wiley.com)
  • Next, general psychiatrists must commit themselves to an ACGME-accredited residency in addiction psychiatry. (wikipedia.org)
  • The addiction psychiatry residencies are one-year programs set in a hospital or clinical setting where general psychiatrists learn how to diagnose and treat substance-use disorders as well as potential coexisting psychiatric disorders. (wikipedia.org)
  • In a conventional addiction psychiatry session, addiction psychiatrists will gain a better understanding of their patient's lifestyle by gathering medical history and the patient's mental health concerns. (wikipedia.org)
  • When patients with dependence on alcohol, cocaine or nicotine are shown drug cues, or images related to the substance, an area of their brain known as the medial prefrontal cortex shows increased activity, report investigators at the Medical University of South Carolina in an article published online September 7, 2018 in Translational Psychiatry. (news-medical.net)
  • Psychiatry is the medical specialty devoted to the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of mental disorders . (wikipedia.org)
  • Psychiatry refers to a field of medicine focused specifically on the mind , aiming to study , prevent , and treat mental disorders in humans . (wikipedia.org)
  • The Challenge of Addiction and Substance Use Disorders: Are They the Number One Health Problem for Psychiatry? (springer.com)
  • With our clinical work, education programs and world-class research on the nature and causes of mental illness - from addiction and schizophrenia to autism spectrum disorders - the UMass Department of Psychiatry is helping individuals and families transform their lives. (umassmed.edu)
  • The Adult Outpatient Psychiatry Service at Mass General provides a variety of clinical services, including both psychological and medical treatments for a wide range of psychiatric disorders. (massgeneral.org)
  • Psychiatry is an area of medicine involving the study, diagnosis and treatment of mental health disorders. (news-medical.net)
  • Psychiatry is the treatment, study and prevention of mental disorders. (news-medical.net)
  • Some of the issues addressed are whether explanation in psychiatry can be tackled satisfactorily by neuroscientific investigation, and whether an interdisciplinary approach is necessary to gain a full understanding of a variety of psychiatric conditions (e.g. addiction, depression, delusions, anosognosia, obsessive thoughts, personality disorders). (google.com)
  • Emory's adult inpatient psychiatry program has expertise in treating difficult to manage mental illnesses, such as psychotic disorders, and is recognized as one of the best psychiatric facilities in the Southeast and United States. (emoryhealthcare.org)
  • Psychiatry is concerned with diseases and disorders of the mind. (medic8.com)
  • Emergency Psychiatry reviews a wide range of common psychiatric disorders and provides succinct management guidelines. (cambridge.org)
  • They're all covered in the long-awaited fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders , better known as the bible of psychiatry, that has sparked controversy inside the profession. (thestar.com)
  • Our work has been aimed at more accurately defining mental disorders that have a real impact on people's lives, not expanding the scope of psychiatry. (thestar.com)
  • Psychiatry treats mental disorders, which are conventionally divided into three very general categories: mental illnesses, severe learning disabilities, and personality disorders. (wikipedia.org)
  • Addiction psychiatry is a medical subspecialty within psychiatry that focuses on the evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment of people who are suffering from one or more disorders related to addiction. (wikipedia.org)
  • Addiction psychiatry aims to treat individuals with addiction issues along with co-occurring psychiatric disorders, otherwise known as patients with dual diagnosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Consultation-Liaison Psychiatry Fellowship at the Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University provides a robust educational experience across a variety of inpatient and outpatient settings, with the goal of preparing our fellows to be leaders in the field of consultation liaison psychiatry. (brown.edu)
  • He has authored/co authored over 350 papers, chapters and 30 books, the most recent volumes being Principles of Social Psychiatry , Mental Health of Refugees and Asylum Seekers and Textbook of Cultural Psychiatry . (wiley.com)
  • Since the late 20th century the field of psychiatry has continued to become more biological and less conceptually isolated from other medical fields. (wikipedia.org)
  • The psychiatrist completes four years of mandatory medical school training before specializing in the field of psychiatry. (news-medical.net)
  • The Emory Healthcare is helping to minimize those numbers with patient-centered psychiatric treatment, continuous research in the field of psychiatry, and a focus on patient-centered care. (emoryhealthcare.org)
  • Research and treatment within psychiatry as a whole are conducted on an interdisciplinary basis with other professionals, such as epidemiologists , nurses , or psychologists . (wikipedia.org)
  • After 1975, orthomolecular psychiatry research was primarily reported in Orthomolecular Psychiatry , now the Journal of Orthomolecular Medicine , a publication founded by Hoffer to counter what he considered to be a medical conspiracy against his ideas. (wikipedia.org)
  • [ 1 ] In essence, this is a committee comprising experts in psychiatric nosology, research clinical psychiatry, and mental health care, and who were involved with the formation of the DSM-5. (medscape.com)
  • The five-year residency training program in Psychiatry at the University of Alberta is a well-established training program with broad-based academic, clinical and research orientations. (ualberta.ca)
  • The Department's Research Track for Psychiatry residents is supported by four NIH grants. (utsouthwestern.edu)
  • Perhaps the most exciting area in psychiatry is in the translational research between the basic sciences and the clinical domains. (utsouthwestern.edu)
  • But this number hides an extraordinary trend: psychiatry has become the hot specialty for MD-PhD students who want to do research. (nih.gov)
  • Dyck's work shows early LSD experimentation in a new light, as a fruitful branch of mainstream psychiatric research: it redefined alcoholism as a disease that could be cured and played a role in the psychopharmacological revolution which radically transformed psychiatry. (scienceblogs.com)
  • In 1951, Osmond moved to Canada to take the position of deputy director of psychiatry at the Weyburn Mental Hospital in Saskatchewan and, with funding from the government and the Rockefeller Foundation, established a biochemistry research program. (scienceblogs.com)
  • Computational Psychiatry publishes original research articles and reviews that involve the application, analysis, or invention of theoretical, computational and statistical approaches to mental function and dysfunction. (mit.edu)
  • He has various research interests and has published in the areas of dementia, transcultural psychiatry, management in psychiatry and mental health legislation. (wiley.com)
  • These advancements in understanding the neurobiology of rewarding behavior, along with federal funding, has allowed for ample opportunity for research in the discipline of addiction psychiatry. (wikipedia.org)
  • A medical doctor specializing in psychiatry is a psychiatrist . (wikipedia.org)
  • This doctor has done a residency after medical school in psychiatry and is called a board certified psychiatrist. (answers.com)
  • Alexandra is an Associate Professor in General Adult Psychiatry in the UCL Division of Psychiatry and an Honorary Consultant Psychiatrist at Camden & Islington NHS Foundation Trust. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • As of 1997, there were only 13 addiction psychiatry programs that the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education(ACGME) recognized. (wikipedia.org)
  • If anybody wants the specifics of this, there is an article that was published in November 2016 in JAMA Psychiatry , co-authored by Ken Kendler, which describes the DSM Steering Committee and its procedures for operations. (medscape.com)
  • The Residency Review Committee for Psychiatry core competencies require psychiatric residents to be specifically taught how to assess the patient within the family and larger social system, how to formulate a treatment plan that includes these psychosocial elements, and how to support the family system. (yourtango.com)
  • The committee became more geared toward developing the subspecialty of addiction psychiatry. (wikipedia.org)
  • The central question underlying the course is whether psychiatry can, at least in principle if not in practice, escape the accusations that have been made against it. (uky.edu)
  • The final section of the course deals with the normativity of psychiatry: to what extent does ideology and value judgment enter into psychiatric practice and diagnostic categories. (uky.edu)
  • Advanced Psychiatry is a medical group practice located in Southlake, TX that specializes in Nursing (Nurse Practitioner), and is open 5 days per week. (healthgrades.com)
  • Results from a meta-analysis published in JAMA Psychiatry showed that testosterone may have utility in the adjunct treatment of depressive symptoms in men. (healio.com)
  • She completed her core training in psychiatry on the West London rotation, and her higher training in General Adult Psychiatry as a NIHR Academic Clinical Fellow on the North London/UCL rotation. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • The Substance Use Program in Psychiatry on Recovery and Treatment (SUPPORT) clinic provides expert treatment for patients with co-occurring addiction and mental health needs. (bmc.org)
  • The Book of Woe: The Making of the DSM-5 and the Unmaking of Psychiatry is his exposé of the business behind the creation of the new manual. (theatlantic.com)
  • This is an excellent revised edition of this introductory textbook of psychiatry. (worldcat.org)
  • Orthomolecular psychiatry has been rejected by the mainstream medical community. (wikipedia.org)
  • Psychiatry is a large medical field and more details would be need to answer your specific need. (answers.com)
  • As a medical student, you will undertake a psychiatry attachment as part of your training. (rcpsych.ac.uk)
  • You'll also be able to use your elective to gain additional experience in psychiatry - perhaps in another country - and many medical schools also offer special study modules in psychiatry. (rcpsych.ac.uk)
  • Even within the medical profession, psychiatry suffers much prejudice. (rcpsych.ac.uk)
  • The PGY-1 year is a basic clinical training year, intended to prepare the resident for the Medical Council of Canada Qualifying Examination Part II, to aid the consolidation of knowledge, attitude and skills learned in medical school, and to prepare the resident for the pure psychiatry rotations in the ensuing four years of training. (ualberta.ca)
  • We would like to invite medical students with a particular interest in psychiatry, literature and/or theatre to this evening event. (warwick.ac.uk)
  • Last week a short piece in the British medical journal, The Lancet, described an "identity crisis" in psychiatry. (nih.gov)
  • Extract: 'From my perspective this is the decisive contribution of Matthew Broome and Lisa Bortolotti to the debate in philosophy of science and psychiatry: their focus on the supreme importance of coherent dialogue at the intersection of the disciplines focusing on mental health and disorder. (google.com)
  • He is Editor-in-Chief of General Hospital Psychiatry and is honored by being one of the Web of Science Highly Cited Authors. (wiley.com)
  • The World Psychiatric Association (WPA) should actively investigate reports of systematic political abuse of psychiatry in China. (hrw.org)
  • The sentencing of political dissidents to special psychiatric hospitals on the basis of false diagnoses led to the forced withdrawal of the Soviet Union from the WPA in 1983 and it was not readmitted until 1989, after the Gorbachev reforms had brought an end to systematic political abuse of psychiatry in the Soviet Union. (hrw.org)
  • Harvard Review of Psychiatry was created in 1993. (answers.com)
  • however, it was not until 1993 when "Addiction Psychiatry" was granted sub-specialization status. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition to providing exceptional care in the OU Psychiatry Outpatient Clinic and in the OU Integrated Program of Assertive Community Treatment (IMPACT), we work closely with the major hospital systems in the Tulsa area to provide outstanding care while training psychiatry resident physicians, child psychiatry fellow physicians and students. (ou.edu)
  • Clinical Child Psychiatry fills the need for an objective, clinically relevant source to dispel this confusion. (google.ca)
  • More information can be found at https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/european-psychiatry/information/instructions-contributors . (elsevier.com)
  • Upon completion of training, residents in Psychiatry will have demonstrated the ability to assume the role of consultant in the specialty. (ualberta.ca)
  • When I asked them why they had chosen psychiatry instead of another specialty, I heard various reasons but they all agreed that psychiatry is the specialty where they can have the greatest impact. (nih.gov)
  • Psychiatry is the only specialty in medicine that had the power to take away a person's freedom and used it with regularity. (psychcentral.com)
  • This book covers the most important psychiatric problems and includes a comprehensive coverage of signs, symptoms and diagnosis, assessment, aetiology, and psychiatry and the law. (worldcat.org)
  • New York) - The Chinese government should immediately release anyone held in institutions for the mentally ill based on a politically motivated diagnosis, Human Rights Watch and the Geneva Initiative on Psychiatry said today. (hrw.org)
  • Louis Menand of Harvard University talks with EconTalk host Russ Roberts about the state of psychiatry. (econtalk.org)
  • Please email your intent via email to Admincoord.psychiatry [at] mcgill.ca no later than December 15, 2014. (mcgill.ca)