Pseudophakia: Presence of an intraocular lens after cataract extraction.Aphakia: Absence of crystalline lens totally or partially from field of vision, from any cause except after cataract extraction. Aphakia is mainly congenital or as result of LENS DISLOCATION AND SUBLUXATION.Aphakia, Postcataract: Absence of the crystalline lens resulting from cataract extraction.Lenses, Intraocular: Artificial implanted lenses.Cataract: Partial or complete opacity on or in the lens or capsule of one or both eyes, impairing vision or causing blindness. The many kinds of cataract are classified by their morphology (size, shape, location) or etiology (cause and time of occurrence). (Dorland, 27th ed)Visual Acuity: Clarity or sharpness of OCULAR VISION or the ability of the eye to see fine details. Visual acuity depends on the functions of RETINA, neuronal transmission, and the interpretative ability of the brain. Normal visual acuity is expressed as 20/20 indicating that one can see at 20 feet what should normally be seen at that distance. Visual acuity can also be influenced by brightness, color, and contrast.Cataract Extraction: The removal of a cataractous CRYSTALLINE LENS from the eye.Privacy: The state of being free from intrusion or disturbance in one's private life or affairs. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993)Ophthalmology: A surgical specialty concerned with the structure and function of the eye and the medical and surgical treatment of its defects and diseases.Confidentiality: The privacy of information and its protection against unauthorized disclosure.Computer Security: Protective measures against unauthorized access to or interference with computer operating systems, telecommunications, or data structures, especially the modification, deletion, destruction, or release of data in computers. It includes methods of forestalling interference by computer viruses or so-called computer hackers aiming to compromise stored data.Informed Consent: Voluntary authorization, by a patient or research subject, with full comprehension of the risks involved, for diagnostic or investigative procedures, and for medical and surgical treatment.Evidence-Based Medicine: An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)Genetic Privacy: The protection of genetic information about an individual, family, or population group, from unauthorized disclosure.Refractive Surgical Procedures: Surgical procedures employed to correct REFRACTIVE ERRORS such as MYOPIA; HYPEROPIA; or ASTIGMATISM. These may involve altering the curvature of the CORNEA; removal or replacement of the CRYSTALLINE LENS; or modification of the SCLERA to change the axial length of the eye.Contrast Sensitivity: The ability to detect sharp boundaries (stimuli) and to detect slight changes in luminance at regions without distinct contours. Psychophysical measurements of this visual function are used to evaluate visual acuity and to detect eye disease.Keratomileusis, Laser In Situ: A surgical procedure to correct MYOPIA by CORNEAL STROMA subtraction. It involves the use of a microkeratome to make a lamellar dissection of the CORNEA creating a flap with intact CORNEAL EPITHELIUM. After the flap is lifted, the underlying midstroma is reshaped with an EXCIMER LASER and the flap is returned to its original position.Photorefractive Keratectomy: A type of refractive surgery of the CORNEA to correct MYOPIA and ASTIGMATISM. An EXCIMER LASER is used directly on the surface of the EYE to remove some of the CORNEAL EPITHELIUM thus reshaping the anterior curvature of the cornea.Refraction, Ocular: Refraction of LIGHT effected by the media of the EYE.Lasers, Excimer: Gas lasers with excited dimers (i.e., excimers) as the active medium. The most commonly used are rare gas monohalides (e.g., argon fluoride, xenon chloride). Their principal emission wavelengths are in the ultraviolet range and depend on the monohalide used (e.g., 193 nm for ArF, 308 nm for Xe Cl). These lasers are operated in pulsed and Q-switched modes and used in photoablative decomposition involving actual removal of tissue. (UMDNS, 2005)Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Lens, Crystalline: A transparent, biconvex structure of the EYE, enclosed in a capsule and situated behind the IRIS and in front of the vitreous humor (VITREOUS BODY). It is slightly overlapped at its margin by the ciliary processes. Adaptation by the CILIARY BODY is crucial for OCULAR ACCOMMODATION.Eye: The organ of sight constituting a pair of globular organs made up of a three-layered roughly spherical structure specialized for receiving and responding to light.Lens Nucleus, Crystalline: The core of the crystalline lens, surrounded by the cortex.Phacoemulsification: A procedure for removal of the crystalline lens in cataract surgery in which an anterior capsulectomy is performed by means of a needle inserted through a small incision at the temporal limbus, allowing the lens contents to fall through the dilated pupil into the anterior chamber where they are broken up by the use of ultrasound and aspirated out of the eye through the incision. (Cline, et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed & In Focus 1993;1(1):1)Surgical Flaps: Tongues of skin and subcutaneous tissue, sometimes including muscle, cut away from the underlying parts but often still attached at one end. They retain their own microvasculature which is also transferred to the new site. They are often used in plastic surgery for filling a defect in a neighboring region.Poland Syndrome: A syndrome which is characterized by symbrachydactyly and aplasia of the sternal head of pectoralis major.Myopia: A refractive error in which rays of light entering the EYE parallel to the optic axis are brought to a focus in front of the RETINA when accommodation (ACCOMMODATION, OCULAR) is relaxed. This results from an overly curved CORNEA or from the eyeball being too long from front to back. It is also called nearsightedness.Tomography, Optical Coherence: An imaging method using LASERS that is used for mapping subsurface structure. When a reflective site in the sample is at the same optical path length (coherence) as the reference mirror, the detector observes interference fringes.Retinal Perforations: Perforations through the whole thickness of the retina including the macula as the result of inflammation, trauma, degeneration, etc. The concept includes retinal breaks, tears, dialyses, and holes.Vitrectomy: Removal of the whole or part of the vitreous body in treating endophthalmitis, diabetic retinopathy, retinal detachment, intraocular foreign bodies, and some types of glaucoma.Terminology as Topic: The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.AxisTeaching Materials: Instructional materials used in teaching.Pharmacology, Clinical: The branch of pharmacology that deals directly with the effectiveness and safety of drugs in humans.Competitive Behavior: The direct struggle between individuals for environmental necessities or for a common goal.Vocabulary, Controlled: A specified list of terms with a fixed and unalterable meaning, and from which a selection is made when CATALOGING; ABSTRACTING AND INDEXING; or searching BOOKS; JOURNALS AS TOPIC; and other documents. The control is intended to avoid the scattering of related subjects under different headings (SUBJECT HEADINGS). The list may be altered or extended only by the publisher or issuing agency. (From Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed, p163)Medical Secretaries: Individuals responsible for various duties pertaining to the medical office routine.Pilocarpine: A slowly hydrolyzed muscarinic agonist with no nicotinic effects. Pilocarpine is used as a miotic and in the treatment of glaucoma.Parasympathomimetics: Drugs that mimic the effects of parasympathetic nervous system activity. Included here are drugs that directly stimulate muscarinic receptors and drugs that potentiate cholinergic activity, usually by slowing the breakdown of acetylcholine (CHOLINESTERASE INHIBITORS). Drugs that stimulate both sympathetic and parasympathetic postganglionic neurons (GANGLIONIC STIMULANTS) are not included here.Salivation: The discharge of saliva from the SALIVARY GLANDS that keeps the mouth tissues moist and aids in digestion.Trabecular Meshwork: A porelike structure surrounding the entire circumference of the anterior chamber through which aqueous humor circulates to the canal of Schlemm.Sjogren's Syndrome: Chronic inflammatory and autoimmune disease in which the salivary and lacrimal glands undergo progressive destruction by lymphocytes and plasma cells resulting in decreased production of saliva and tears. The primary form, often called sicca syndrome, involves both KERATOCONJUNCTIVITIS SICCA and XEROSTOMIA. The secondary form includes, in addition, the presence of a connective tissue disease, usually rheumatoid arthritis.Miosis: Pupillary constriction. This may result from congenital absence of the dilatator pupillary muscle, defective sympathetic innervation, or irritation of the CONJUNCTIVA or CORNEA.PubMed: A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.BooksPublishing: "The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.MEDLINE: The premier bibliographic database of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. MEDLINE® (MEDLARS Online) is the primary subset of PUBMED and can be searched on NLM's Web site in PubMed or the NLM Gateway. MEDLINE references are indexed with MEDICAL SUBJECT HEADINGS (MeSH).Serial Publications: Publications in any medium issued in successive parts bearing numerical or chronological designations and intended to be continued indefinitely. (ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p203)Biological Science Disciplines: All of the divisions of the natural sciences dealing with the various aspects of the phenomena of life and vital processes. The concept includes anatomy and physiology, biochemistry and biophysics, and the biology of animals, plants, and microorganisms. It should be differentiated from BIOLOGY, one of its subdivisions, concerned specifically with the origin and life processes of living organisms.

Intraocular lenses in children: changes in axial length, corneal curvature, and refraction. (1/105)

AIM: To assess changes in axial length, corneal curvature, and refraction in paediatric pseudophakia. METHODS: 35 eyes of 24 patients with congenital or developmental lens opacities underwent extracapsular cataract extraction and posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation. Serial measurements were made of axial length, corneal curvature, objective refraction, and visual acuity. RESULTS: For patients with congenital cataracts (onset < 1 year age) the mean age at surgery was 24 weeks. Over the mean follow up period of 2.7 years, the mean increase in axial length of 3.41 mm was not significantly different from the value of an expected mean growth of 3.44 mm (paired t test, p = 0.97) after correction for gestational age. In the developmental cataract group (onset > 1 year of age) the mean age at surgery was 6.4 years with a mean follow up of 2.86 years. This group showed a mean growth in axial length of 0.36 mm that was not significantly different from an expected value of 0.47 mm (paired t test, p = 0.63). The mean preoperative keratometry was 47.78 D in the congenital group and 44.35 D in the developmental group. At final follow up the mean keratometry in the congenital group was 46.15 D and in the developmental group it was 43.63 D. In eyes followed for at least 2 years, there was an observed myopic shift by 24 months postoperatively of 3.26 D in the congenital cases (n = 10) and 0.96 D in the developmental cases (n = 18). CONCLUSION: The pattern of axial elongation and corneal flattening was similar in the congenital and developmental groups to that observed in normal eyes. No significant retardation or acceleration of axial growth was found in the eyes implanted with IOLs compared with normal eyes. A myopic shift was seen particularly in eyes operated on at 4-8 weeks of age and it is recommended that these eyes are made 6 D hypermetropic initially with the residual refractive error being corrected with spectacles.  (+info)

Diabetic versus non-diabetic colour vision after cataract surgery. (2/105)

AIMS: To examine whether the colour vision abnormalities found in phakic patients with diabetes mellitus is preserved after removal of the lens by cataract surgery. METHODS: 21 diabetic (16 IDDM and five NIDDM) and 19 non-diabetic patients of comparable age, postoperative visual acuity, and sex distribution, all aphakic or pseudophakic following cataract surgery, had their monocular colour vision examined using the Farnsworth-Munsell 100 hue test. The fundus status of the diabetic patients ranged from no retinopathy to photocoagulation treated proliferative diabetic retinopathy. Patients with macular oedema were specifically excluded from the study. RESULTS: The error scores of both the diabetic (mean 146 (SD 94)) and the non-diabetic patients (83 (79)) did not deviate significantly from the age related normal range. The error score in the diabetic group was significantly higher than in the non-diabetic group (p=0.02) but the amplitude of the difference was small in comparison with previous studies of phakic subjects. The error scores in the diabetic group were not correlated with the degree of retinopathy (p>0.2). CONCLUSION: After cataract surgery only a minor difference exists between the colour vision scores of diabetic and non-diabetic patients. This indicates that accelerated yellowing of the lens in diabetes is the predominant cause of the colour vision anomaly found in phakic diabetic patients.  (+info)

Retroillumination versus reflected-light images in the photographic assessment of posterior capsule opacification. (3/105)

PURPOSE: To investigate the relative merit of retroillumination and of reflected light slit-lamp-derived photographs in the assessment of the opacification of the posterior lens capsule. METHODS: Retroillumination and slit-lamp-derived reflected-light photographs were taken on 23 consecutive eyes with posterior capsule opacification (PCO) in uncomplicated pseudophakia. Subjective grading was performed on both types of photographs to evaluate the extent and density of posterior capsular opacification. Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) before and after YAG laser capsulotomy was used to assess the impact of capsular opacification on visual function. RESULTS: After capsulotomy all patients attained a BCVA > or = 46 letters (> or =20/32) with a mean increase of 25 letters, indicating that PCO was the cause of visual impairment in these patients. The relative capacity of retroillumination and of reflected-light photographs to adequately capture the extent and the severity of posterior capsule opacification varied considerably. Reflected-light images, in addition to frequently producing higher severity scores for the opacity than retroillumination photographs, in 4 of 23 eyes (17.4%) proved to be the only technique able to document the presence of PCO. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that, with respect to retroillumination images, reflected-light photography has an increased ability to adequately capture the presence and the severity of PCO and that the use of only retroillumination images may lead to its underestimation. This may be relevant to clinical studies aiming to evaluate incidence and progression of this condition.  (+info)

Is pseudophakic astigmatism a desirable goal? (4/105)

PURPOSE: To determine whether pseudophakic astigmatism is a desirable goal, and if so, which one is better: against-the-rule (ATR) or with-the-rule (WTR). METHOD: Eyes were included only if they had an uncorrected vision > or = 6/18 and N/18. Three groups, of 40 patients each were evaluated: group 1, pseudophakes with neutral astigmatism; group 2, with ATR and group 3, with WTR astigmatism Unaided distance and near visual acuity was recorded. Statistical analysis was performed using the chi-square test for independence. RESULTS: Unaided distance vision of > or = 6/7.5 was achieved in 19 eyes (47.5%) of group 1 (neutral), 12 eyes (30%) in group 2 (ATR), and 5 eyes (12.5%) in group 3 (WTR) (p = 0.0133, significant). Unaided near vision of > or = N/9 was achieved in 17 eyes (42.5%) in group 1 (neutral), 34 eyes (85%) in group 2 (ATR), and 10 eyes (25%) in group 3 (WTR) (P < 0.001, significant). Group 1 (neutral) fared the best for unaided distance visual acuity. Group 2 (ATR) was better than in group 3 (WTR) for distant vision. Group 2 (ATR) fared the best for unaided near vision. CONCLUSION: ATR astigmatism could be a desirable goal after cataract extraction in selected populations because the largest proportion of these cases achieved good unaided near vision with acceptable distant vision.  (+info)

Phakic-pseudophakic bullous keratopathy following implantation of a posterior chamber IOL in the anterior chamber to correct hypermetropia. (5/105)

There is an increasing demand for refractive surgery stemming from a heightened awareness among patients wearing spectacles or contact lenses. Cosmetic or occupational reasons prompt patients to seek the alternative option of refractive surgery.  (+info)

Primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment: 20 years of change. (6/105)

AIM: To compare characteristics, management, and outcome of two groups of patients with primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) presenting to the same vitreoretinal unit approximately 20 years apart. METHODS: 124 patients in 1979-80 and 126 cases in 1999 were compared. RESULTS: More cases were pseudophakic and fewer aphakic in 1999 than 1979-80. More cases of giant retinal tear and fewer dialyses were operated on in 1999. Vitrectomy was a primary procedure in 63% of cases in 1999 but only 1% in 1979-80. Anatomical success rates were statistically similar: 79.8% primary and 88.8% final success in 1979-80, and 84% primary and 93.6% final success in 1999. CONCLUSION: Surgical management of primary RRD has changed greatly in 20 years. Success rates have changed little, despite availability of differing surgical techniques.  (+info)

The shape of the aging human lens: curvature, equivalent refractive index and the lens paradox. (7/105)

Scheimpflug slit images of the crystalline lens are distorted due to the refracting properties of the cornea and because they are obliquely viewed. We measured the aspheric curvature of the lens of 102 subjects ranging in age between 16 and 65 years and applied correction for these distortions. The procedure was validated by measuring an artificial eye and pseudophakic patients with intraocular lenses of known dimensions. Compared to previous studies using Scheimpflug photography, the decrease of the radius of the anterior lens surface with age was smaller, and the absolute value for the radius of the anterior and posterior lens surface was significantly smaller. A slight decrease of the posterior lens radius with age could be demonstrated. Generally, front and back surfaces were hyperbolic. Axial length was measured of 42 subjects enabling calculation of the equivalent refractive index of the lens, which showed a small, but highly significant decrease with age. These new findings explain the lens paradox and may serve as a basis for modelling the refractive properties of the lens.  (+info)

Cataract in leprosy patients: cataract surgical coverage, barriers to acceptance of surgery, and outcome of surgery in a population based survey in Korea. (8/105)

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Cataract is the leading cause of blindness in leprosy patients. There is no population based information on the cataract surgical coverage, barriers to use of surgical services, and outcome of surgery in these patients. We sought to determine these measures of cataract programme effectiveness in a cured leprosy population in South Korea. METHODS: The population consisted of residents of six leprosy resettlement villages in central South Korea. All residents were invited to participate in a study of eye disease and interviewed regarding use of surgical services and reasons for not using these services. RESULTS: The cataract surgical coverage in this population was 55.4% when <6/18 was used as the cut off and increased to 78.3% when the cut off was <6/60. Barriers reported by patients included being told by the doctor that the cataract was not mature and a perception by the patient that there was no need for surgery. Among patients who had aphakic surgery, 71% were still blind in the operative eye while among patients who had pseudophakic surgery, 14% were still blind (presenting vision). Blindness in pseudophakic patients could be reduced to 3% with spectacle correction. CONCLUSION: Cataract prevalence in leprosy patients will increase as life expectancy continues to increase. Leprosy control programmes will need to develop activities aimed at reducing the burden of cataract. Recommendations include establishing collaborative agreements with ophthalmological services to provide high quality IOL surgery to these patients, training of health staff to identify and refer patients in need of surgery, monitoring the uptake of cataract surgery among patients needing services, and monitoring the outcome of surgery to improve refractive outcome.  (+info)

No data available that match "pseudophakia"

  • For the diagnostic groups, the mean PSQI and HADS scores, respectively, were 5.7±3.3 and 10.2±6.0 for dry eye (n=247), 5.4±3.2 and 9.2±5.7 for bilateral cataracts (n=159), 5.3±3.3 and 8.0±5.3 for bilateral pseudophakia (n=99), and, 5.0±3.1 and 9.8±6.6 for glaucoma (n=109). (
  • Publication date: Available online 15 January 2020Source: Journal of American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and StrabismusAuthor(s): Arif O. Khan, James BaconA 56-year-old woman with pseudophakia and glaucoma was referred because of left eye hypotropia and esotropia noted following superotemporal Ahmed glaucoma valve implantation in that eye. (
  • Binkhorst CD, Kats A, Tjan TT, Loones LH (1976) Retinal accidents in pseudophakia: intracapsular versus extracapsular surgery. (
  • 3. Entitlement to a compensable disability rating for pseudophakia status post bilateral cataract surgery (claimed as blindness due to radiation exposure). (
  • In addition, in a November 2011 rating decision, the RO granted service connection for pseudophakia status post bilateral cataract surgery (claimed as blindness due to radiation exposure) and assigned a noncompensable disability rating effective December 13, 2001. (
  • 1. Schedule the Veteran for a VA eye examination to assess the current severity of his service-connected pseudophakia status post bilateral cataract surgery. (
  • This case report details the diagnosis and treatment of a symptomatic patient with significant anisometropia, pseudophakia OS and post-penetrating keratoplasty OU secondary to keratoconus using size lenses and common clinical equipment. (
  • Diagnosis and treatment of aniseikonia associated with pseudophakia an" by James Kundart, Beth Kinoshita et al. (
  • Summary prevalence estimates of cataract and of pseudophakia/aphakia were prepared separately for black, white, and Hispanic persons (for whom only cataract surgery data were available) in 5-year age intervals starting at 40 years for women and men. (