A phenomenon in which symptoms of a disease are fabricated by an individual other than the patient causing unnecessary, and often painful, physical examinations and treatments. This syndrome is considered a form of CHILD ABUSE, since another individual, usually a parent, is the source of the fabrication of symptoms and presents the child for medical care.
Informed consent given by someone other than the patient or research subject.
The ability to understand the nature and effect of the act in which the individual is engaged. (From Black's Law Dictionary, 6th ed).
Appraisal of one's own personal qualities or traits.
A factitious disorder characterized by habitual presentation for hospital treatment of an apparent acute illness, the patient giving a plausible and dramatic history, all of which is false.
The sole family in the order Sphenisciformes, comprised of 17 species of penguins in six genera. They are flightless seabirds of the Southern Hemisphere, highly adapted for marine life.
A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Declarations by patients, made in advance of a situation in which they may be incompetent to decide about their own care, stating their treatment preferences or authorizing a third party to make decisions for them. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
Persons who provide care to those who need supervision or assistance in illness or disability. They may provide the care in the home, in a hospital, or in an institution. Although caregivers include trained medical, nursing, and other health personnel, the concept also refers to parents, spouses, or other family members, friends, members of the clergy, teachers, social workers, fellow patients.
The formally authorized guardianship or care of a CHILD.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
The measurement of the health status for a given population using a variety of indices, including morbidity, mortality, and available health resources.
A quality-of-life scale developed in the United States in 1972 as a measure of health status or dysfunction generated by a disease. It is a behaviorally based questionnaire for patients and addresses activities such as sleep and rest, mobility, recreation, home management, emotional behavior, social interaction, and the like. It measures the patient's perceived health status and is sensitive enough to detect changes or differences in health status occurring over time or between groups. (From Medical Care, vol.xix, no.8, August 1981, p.787-805)
A former branch of knowledge embracing the study, description, and classification of natural objects (as animals, plants, and minerals) and thus including the modern sciences of zoology, botany, and mineralogy insofar as they existed at that time. In the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries it was much used for the generalized pursuit of certain areas of science. (Webster, 3d ed; from Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)
El Nino-Southern Oscillation or ENSO is a cycle of extreme alternating warm El Niño and cold La Nina events which is the dominant year-to-year climate pattern on Earth. Both terms refer to large-scale changes in sea-surface temperature across the eastern tropical Pacific. ENSO is associated with a heightened risk of certain vector-borne diseases. (From http://www.elnino.noaa.gov/lanina_new_faq.html, accessed 5/12/2020)
A legal concept for individuals who are designated to act on behalf of persons who are considered incapable of acting in their own behalf, e.g., minors and persons found to be not mentally competent.
The science of the earth and other celestial bodies and their history as recorded in the rocks. It includes the study of geologic processes of an area such as rock formations, weathering and erosion, and sedimentation. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Individuals participating in the health care system for the purpose of receiving therapeutic, diagnostic, or preventive procedures.
The hard rigid covering of animals including MOLLUSCS; TURTLES; INSECTS; and crustaceans.
The scientific study of past societies through artifacts, fossils, etc.
The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)
Written, witnessed declarations in which persons request that if they become disabled beyond reasonable expectation of recovery, they be allowed to die rather than be kept alive by extraordinary means. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
The longterm manifestations of WEATHER. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The performance of the basic activities of self care, such as dressing, ambulation, or eating.
The failure by the observer to measure or identify a phenomenon accurately, which results in an error. Sources for this may be due to the observer's missing an abnormality, or to faulty technique resulting in incorrect test measurement, or to misinterpretation of the data. Two varieties are inter-observer variation (the amount observers vary from one another when reporting on the same material) and intra-observer variation (the amount one observer varies between observations when reporting more than once on the same material).
Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.
A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.
Method for obtaining information through verbal responses, written or oral, from subjects.
A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.
Formation of a firm impassable mass of stool in the RECTUM or distal COLON.
Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.
Large regions of the GENOME that contain local similarities in BASE COMPOSITION.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Discussions with patients and/or their representatives about the goals and desired direction of the patient's care, particularly end-of-life care, in the event that the patient is or becomes incompetent to make decisions.
Any deviation of results or inferences from the truth, or processes leading to such deviation. Bias can result from several sources: one-sided or systematic variations in measurement from the true value (systematic error); flaws in study design; deviation of inferences, interpretations, or analyses based on flawed data or data collection; etc. There is no sense of prejudice or subjectivity implied in the assessment of bias under these conditions.
A subjective psychometric response scale used to measure distinct behavioral or physiological phenomena based on linear numerical gradient or yes/no alternatives.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.
Medical and nursing care of patients in the terminal stage of an illness.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Water particles that fall from the ATMOSPHERE.
Voluntary authorization, by a patient or research subject, with full comprehension of the risks involved, for diagnostic or investigative procedures, and for medical and surgical treatment.
A mass of organic or inorganic solid fragmented material, or the solid fragment itself, that comes from the weathering of rock and is carried by, suspended in, or dropped by air, water, or ice. It refers also to a mass that is accumulated by any other natural agent and that forms in layers on the earth's surface, such as sand, gravel, silt, mud, fill, or loess. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1689)
An acquired organic mental disorder with loss of intellectual abilities of sufficient severity to interfere with social or occupational functioning. The dysfunction is multifaceted and involves memory, behavior, personality, judgment, attention, spatial relations, language, abstract thought, and other executive functions. The intellectual decline is usually progressive, and initially spares the level of consciousness.
Facilities which provide nursing supervision and limited medical care to persons who do not require hospitalization.
Enumerations of populations usually recording identities of all persons in every place of residence with age or date of birth, sex, occupation, national origin, language, marital status, income, relation to head of household, information on the dwelling place, education, literacy, health-related data (e.g., permanent disability), etc. The census or "numbering of the people" is mentioned several times in the Old Testament. Among the Romans, censuses were intimately connected with the enumeration of troops before and after battle and probably a military necessity. (From Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed; Garrison, An Introduction to the History of Medicine, 4th ed, p66, p119)
A subspecialty of psychiatry concerned with the mental health of the aged.
The inanimate matter of Earth, the structures and properties of this matter, and the processes that affect it.
Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.
Any type of variation in the appearance of energy output of the sun. (NASA Thesaurus, 1994)
Promotion and protection of the rights of children; frequently through a legal process.
A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.
A method of analyzing the variation in utilization of health care in small geographic or demographic areas. It often studies, for example, the usage rates for a given service or procedure in several small areas, documenting the variation among the areas. By comparing high- and low-use areas, the analysis attempts to determine whether there is a pattern to such use and to identify variables that are associated with and contribute to the variation.
Time period from 1401 through 1500 of the common era.
A process by which animals in various forms and stages of development are physically distributed through time and space.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
The study of early forms of life through fossil remains.
The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.
Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
A pathological condition caused by lack of oxygen, manifested in impending or actual cessation of life.
A great expanse of continuous bodies of salt water which together cover more than 70 percent of the earth's surface. Seas may be partially or entirely enclosed by land, and are smaller than the five oceans (Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic, and Antarctic).
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Time period from 1601 through 1700 of the common era.
A plant genus of the family MELIACEAE. Members contain cedrelanolide.
Capacity that enables an individual to cope with and/or recover from the impact of a neural injury or a psychotic episode.
A willingness to reveal information about oneself to others.
Cultural contacts between people of different races.
An infant during the first month after birth.
Size and composition of the family.
The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
A plant family of the order Rhizophorales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida, that includes mangrove trees.
Married persons, i.e., husbands and wives, or partners. Domestic partners, or spousal equivalents, are two adults who have chosen to share their lives in an intimate and committed relationship, reside together, and share a mutual obligation of support for the basic necessities of life.
The period of history before 500 of the common era.
Time period from 1701 through 1800 of the common era.
Time period from 1501 through 1600 of the common era.
Abuse of children in a family, institutional, or other setting. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
A climate which is typical of equatorial and tropical regions, i.e., one with continually high temperatures with considerable precipitation, at least during part of the year. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The gaseous envelope surrounding a planet or similar body. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Communications using an active or passive satellite to extend the range of radio, television, or other electronic transmission by returning signals to earth from an orbiting satellite.
A plant genus of the family ACERACEAE, best known for trees with palmately lobed leaves.
Organized efforts to insure obedience to the laws of a community.
A thick mass of ICE formed over large regions of land; RIVERS; LAKES; ponds; or SEAWATER.
An arrangement of wires distributing electricity.
The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.
The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
Care provided patients requiring extraordinary therapeutic measures in order to sustain and prolong life.
The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.
Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the child.
Persons with an incurable or irreversible illness at the end stage that will result in death within a short time. (From O'Leary et al., Lexikon: Dictionary of Health Care Terms, Organizations, and Acronyms for the Era of Reform, 1994, p780)
The variety of all native living organisms and their various forms and interrelationships.
Female parents, human or animal.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.
The period of history from the year 500 through 1450 of the common era.
The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.
Various material objects and items in the home. It includes temporary or permanent machinery and appliances. It does not include furniture or interior furnishings (FURNITURE see INTERIOR DESIGN AND FURNISHINGS; INTERIOR FURNISHINGS see INTERIOR DESIGN AND FURNISHINGS).
Stable oxygen atoms that have the same atomic number as the element oxygen, but differ in atomic weight. O-17 and 18 are stable oxygen isotopes.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
Any significant change in measures of climate (such as temperature, precipitation, or wind) lasting for an extended period (decades or longer). It may result from natural factors such as changes in the sun's intensity, natural processes within the climate system such as changes in ocean circulation, or human activities.
The physical measurements of a body.
Total mass of all the organisms of a given type and/or in a given area. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990) It includes the yield of vegetative mass produced from any given crop.
Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.
Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
The killing of one person by another.
The status of health in suburban populations.
City, urban, rural, or suburban areas which are characterized by severe economic deprivation and by accompanying physical and social decay.
A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.
Irreversible cessation of all bodily functions, manifested by absence of spontaneous breathing and total loss of cardiovascular and cerebral functions.
A group of pathological conditions characterized by sudden, non-convulsive loss of neurological function due to BRAIN ISCHEMIA or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Stroke is classified by the type of tissue NECROSIS, such as the anatomic location, vasculature involved, etiology, age of the affected individual, and hemorrhagic vs. non-hemorrhagic nature. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp777-810)
Factors that can cause or prevent the outcome of interest, are not intermediate variables, and are not associated with the factor(s) under investigation. They give rise to situations in which the effects of two processes are not separated, or the contribution of causal factors cannot be separated, or the measure of the effect of exposure or risk is distorted because of its association with other factors influencing the outcome of the study.
Factors that modify the effect of the putative causal factor(s) under study.
A type of analysis in which subjects in a study group and a comparison group are made comparable with respect to extraneous factors by individually pairing study subjects with the comparison group subjects (e.g., age-matched controls).
A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.
Revenues or receipts accruing from business enterprise, labor, or invested capital.
The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
The branch of science concerned with the interrelationship of organisms and their ENVIRONMENT, especially as manifested by natural cycles and rhythms, community development and structure, interactions between different kinds of organisms, geographic distributions, and population alterations. (Webster's, 3d ed)
The interactions between parent and child.
Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.
Increase in the temperature of the atmosphere near the Earth's surface and in the troposphere, which can contribute to changes in global climate patterns.
Persons with physical or mental disabilities that affect or limit their activities of daily living and that may require special accommodations.
Living facilities for humans.
The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.
The ceasing of existence of a species or taxonomic groups of organisms.
The flow of water in enviromental bodies of water such as rivers, oceans, water supplies, aquariums, etc. It includes currents, tides, and waves.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
The Arctic Ocean and the lands in it and adjacent to it. It includes Point Barrow, Alaska, most of the Franklin District in Canada, two thirds of Greenland, Svalbard, Franz Josef Land, Lapland, Novaya Zemlya, and Northern Siberia. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p66)
The salinated water of OCEANS AND SEAS that provides habitat for marine organisms.
A branch of medicine concerned with the total health of the individual within the home environment and in the community, and with the application of comprehensive care to the prevention and treatment of illness in the entire community.
A person authorized to decide or act for another person, for example, a person having durable power of attorney.
The science and art of collecting, summarizing, and analyzing data that are subject to random variation. The term is also applied to the data themselves and to the summarization of the data.
The proportion of patients with a particular disease during a given year per given unit of population.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.
Set of expectations that exempt persons from responsibility for their illness and exempt them from usual responsibilities.
Persons who are enrolled in research studies or who are otherwise the subjects of research.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
The study of the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of organisms which inhabit the OCEANS AND SEAS.
A surgical specialty concerned with the study, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases of the urinary tract in both sexes, and the genital tract in the male. Common urological problems include urinary obstruction, URINARY INCONTINENCE, infections, and UROGENITAL NEOPLASMS.
Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.
Research techniques that focus on study designs and data gathering methods in human and animal populations.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
Environments or habitats at the interface between truly terrestrial ecosystems and truly aquatic systems making them different from each yet highly dependent on both. Adaptations to low soil oxygen characterize many wetland species.
A form of ocular misalignment where the visual axes diverge inappropriately. For example, medial rectus muscle weakness may produce this condition as the affected eye will deviate laterally upon attempted forward gaze. An exotropia occurs due to the relatively unopposed force exerted on the eye by the lateral rectus muscle, which pulls the eye in an outward direction.
The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Computer systems capable of assembling, storing, manipulating, and displaying geographically referenced information, i.e. data identified according to their locations.
The effect of GLOBAL WARMING and the resulting increase in world temperatures. The predicted health effects of such long-term climatic change include increased incidence of respiratory, water-borne, and vector-borne diseases.
Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.
The status of health in urban populations.
All deaths reported in a given population.
Places for cultivation and harvesting of fish, particularly in sea waters. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
A condition or physical state produced by the ingestion, injection, inhalation of or exposure to a deleterious agent.
Inland bodies of still or slowly moving FRESH WATER or salt water, larger than a pond, and supplied by RIVERS and streams.
Groups of individuals whose putative ancestry is from native continental populations based on similarities in physical appearance.
Disturbances in mental processes related to learning, thinking, reasoning, and judgment.
Determination of the degree of a physical, mental, or emotional handicap. The diagnosis is applied to legal qualification for benefits and income under disability insurance and to eligibility for Social Security and workmen's compensation benefits.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.
Persons who receive ambulatory care at an outpatient department or clinic without room and board being provided.
The use of humans as investigational subjects.
Standards of conduct that distinguish right from wrong.
Number of individuals in a population relative to space.
A class in the phylum CNIDARIA, comprised mostly of corals and anemones. All members occur only as polyps; the medusa stage is completely absent.
A vertical distance measured from a known level on the surface of a planet or other celestial body.
Instinctual behavior pattern in which food is obtained by killing and consuming other species.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
Application of statistical procedures to analyze specific observed or assumed facts from a particular study.
The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.

Influence of proxy respondents in children's health interview surveys. (1/186)

STUDY OBJECTIVES: To study the influence of the proxy respondent on health interview surveys in children. DESIGN: Cross sectional study. SETTING: Children under the age of 15 years drawn from the general population of Catalonia, Spain. PARTICIPANTS: The Catalan Health Interview Survey consisted of a multistage probability sample representative to the population of Catalonia. The sample size was 2433 children younger than 15 years of age. The interviews were answered by proxy respondents (the mother, father, or other carer), with the questionnaire adapted for the proxy respondent. Logistic regression models were used to analyse the relation between the proxy respondent's characteristics and health status and health care utilisation, controlling for the effect of sociodemographic factors. MAIN RESULTS: Proxy respondent's characteristics influenced the reports of chronic conditions and accidents within the last year. Proxy respondents over 55 years (OR = 0.47; 95% CI = 0.26, 0.82), men (OR = 0.69; 95% CI = 0.53, 0.89), the father (OR = 0.66; 95% CI = 0.50, 0.89), and the grandparents (OR = 0.49; 95% CI = 0.26, 0.89), reported a lower rate of chronic conditions. Age of the proxy 55 years or greater (OR = 0.41; 95% CI = 0.20, 0.82), men (OR = 0.70; 95% CI = 0.52, 0.94), fathers (OR = 0.68; 95% CI = 0.49, 0.92), and grandparents (OR = 0.40; 95% CI = 0.18, 0.85) showed a lower probability to report accidents. No variables related to the proxy were associated with physician visits or hospitalisation in the previous year. CONCLUSIONS: Selected characteristics of the proxy respondent can influence responses to health surveys involving children. A minimum set of basic data should be collected from the proxy respondent to evaluate different patterns of response.  (+info)

Smoking status by proxy and self report: rate of agreement in different ethnic groups. (2/186)

OBJECTIVE: To examine the rate of agreement between proxy and self report of smoking status in Hispanics compared with other ethnic groups. DESIGN: Data source is the 1990 California Tobacco Survey (CTS) which includes proxy and self reported smoking status. The CTS is a random digit dialed survey conducted in 57,244 households. A sample of 10,011 adults was included in the analyses. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Percentages of agreement and disagreement between self report and report by other member of the household on smoking status. RESULTS: Cohen's kappa coefficients of agreement on smoking status between self report and proxy report was highest in non-Hispanic whites and African Americans (kappa = 0.91), followed by Asian Americans (kappa = 0.82) and Hispanics (kappa = 0.76). Among adults identified as current smokers by proxy, a lower percentage of Hispanics compared with non-Hispanics indicated that they were current smokers (odds ratio (OR) = 3.74, 95% confidence intervals (CI) = 3.28 to 4.20). Furthermore, agreement between proxy and self report was also lower in Hispanics of low acculturation compared with Hispanics with a high level of acculturation (OR = 0.40, 95% CI = 0 to 0.94). CONCLUSIONS: The agreement between self reported and proxy reported smoking status is higher among non-Hispanics compared with Hispanics. Smoking rates in different ethnic groups that are estimated by telephone surveys including proxy and self report might not be comparable.  (+info)

Validity of rapid estimates of household wealth and income for health surveys in rural Africa. (3/186)

STUDY OBJECTIVE: To test the validity of proxy measures of household wealth and income that can be readily implemented in health surveys in rural Africa. DESIGN: Data are drawn from four different integrated household surveys. The assumptions underlying the choice of wealth proxy are described, and correlations with the true value are assessed in two different settings. The expenditure proxy is developed and then tested for replicability in two independent datasets representing the same population. SETTING: Rural areas of Mali, Malawi, and Cote d'Ivoire (two national surveys). PARTICIPANTS: Random sample of rural households in each setting (n=275, 707, 910, and 856, respectively). MAIN RESULTS: In both Mali and Malawi, the wealth proxy correlated highly (r>/=0.74) with the more complex monetary value method. For rural areas of Cote d'Ivoire, it was possible to generate a list of just 10 expenditure items, the values of which when summed correlated highly with expenditures on all items combined (r=0.74, development dataset, r=0. 72, validation dataset). Total household expenditure is an accepted alternative to household income in developing country settings. CONCLUSIONS: It is feasible to approximate both household wealth and expenditures in rural African settings without dramatically lengthening questionnaires that have a primary focus on health outcomes.  (+info)

End-of-life decision making: a qualitative study of elderly individuals. (4/186)

OBJECTIVE: To identify the desired features of end-of-life medical decision making from the perspective of elderly individuals. DESIGN: Qualitative study using in-depth interviews and analysis from a phenomenologic perspective. SETTING: A senior center and a multilevel retirement community in Los Angeles. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-one elderly informants (mean age 83 years) representing a spectrum of functional status and prior experiences with end-of-life decision making. MAIN RESULTS: Informants were concerned primarily with the outcomes of serious illness rather than the medical interventions that might be used, and defined treatments as desirable to the extent they could return the patient to his or her valued life activities. Advanced age was a relevant consideration in decision making, guided by concerns about personal losses and the meaning of having lived a "full life." Decision-making authority was granted both to physicians (for their technical expertise) and family members (for their concern for the patient's interests), and shifted from physician to family as the patient's prognosis for functional recovery became grim. Expressions of care, both by patients and family members, were often important contributors to end-of-life treatment decisions. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that advance directives and physician-patient discussions that focus on acceptable health states and valued life activities may be better suited to patients' end-of-life care goals than those that focus on specific medical interventions, such as cardiopulmonary resuscitation. We propose a model of collaborative surrogate decision making by families and physicians that encourages physicians to assume responsibility for recommending treatment plans, including the provision or withholding of specific life-sustaining treatments, when such recommendations are consistent with patients' and families' goals for care.  (+info)

A randomized, controlled trial of advanced care planning discussions during preoperative evaluations. (5/186)

BACKGROUND: Although many patients and physicians support the concept of advance care planning, only a small percentage of patients actually have the necessary discussion with health care providers. Hospital-based physicians other than primary care providers often are needed to increase physician, patient, and proxy communication about advanced directives. This study evaluated the effectiveness of a 5-10-min discussion designed to foster dialogue between patients and their proxies in a preoperative evaluation clinic. The discussions were lead by anesthesiologists. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted from September 1998 through May 1999 in a preoperative evaluation clinic at University of California, San Francisco, a tertiary care center. English-speaking patients aged 65 yr or older who were scheduled for elective surgery were randomized to receive a short information session stressing the importance of communication about end-of-life care between the patients and their proxies. Patients randomized to the control group received the standard preoperative anesthesia screening. An admitting counselor questioned all patients (control and intervention) about whether they have an advanced directive as part of the registration process before their arrival in clinic. RESULTS: The intervention significantly increased discussions about end-of-life care between patients and their proxies. Eighty seven percent of patients reported having discussions with their proxies as compared with only 66% of control patients (P = 0.001). The intervention also increased durable power of attorney completion rate to 27% as compared with 10% completion rate by controls. CONCLUSIONS: The preoperative evaluation period can be an opportunity to encourage patient and proxy communication about end-of-life care.  (+info)

Proxy reporting in the National Population Health Survey. (6/186)

OBJECTIVES: This article examines the extent of proxy reporting in the National Population Health Survey (NPHS). It also explores associations between proxy reporting status and the prevalence of selected health problems, and investigates the relationship between changes in proxy reporting status and two-year incidence of health problems. DATA SOURCE: Cross-sectional results are based on the 1996/97 NPHS Health file and General file. Longitudinal results are based on 1994/95 respondents who were still residing in households in 1996/97. ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES: The extent of proxy reporting in the various NPHS files was computed. Prevalence estimates of selected health problems from the two 1996/97 cross-sectional files were compared. Multivariate analyses were used to estimate associations between proxy reporting status and health problems. MAIN RESULTS: For several health conditions, prevalence estimates based on the 1996/97 cross-sectional Health file (where proxy reporting was less common) were significantly higher than estimates derived from the General file. Individuals whose data were proxy-reported in 1994/95 and self-reported in 1996/97 had higher odds of reporting new cases of certain health conditions.  (+info)

The role of proxies in treatment decisions: evaluating functional capacity to consent to end-of-life treatments within a family context. (7/186)

Psychology as a profession has entered the arena of palliative and hospice care later in the process than other health care professions. Through the use of Familial Advance Planning Evaluations (FAPEs), however, psychologists can assist individuals and families in facing end-of-life transitions in important ways. Hospice and palliative care philosophy treats the patient and family as the unit of care. End-of-life decision-making is therefore a family matter as well as a normative developmental transition. Yet, little is known about the decision-making process. This paper reviews the literature regarding informed consent, advance care planning, and proxy decision-making and outlines a theoretical model for familial decision-making. Previous models of end-of-life capacity evaluations and family assessments are presented and serve as the basis for a comprehensive assessment of familial decision-making at the end of life. Functional capacity evaluations of individuals at the end of life regarding decisions about life-sustaining medical treatments enable both the individual patient and one identified proxy from his or her family to discuss important issues families may face during medical crises at the end of life. The information gleaned from such evaluations has the potential to assist psychologists and other professionals in designing family-specific interventions to reduce caregiving distress, improve quality of life for dying patients, and ease the transition to bereavement for caregivers.  (+info)

Family history of cancer and incidence of acute leukemia in adults. (8/186)

Family history of cancer may represent shared genetic and environmental risk factors for leukemia. The authors examined associations of first-degree family history of cancer with adult acute leukemia incidence by using data on 811 patients (or their proxies) identified at diagnosis and 637 population-based controls in the United States and Canada during 1986-1990. For proxy-interviewed patients, relative risks were elevated for family history of any cancer (relative risk = 1.7, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.3, 2.4), hematopoietic cancer (relative risk = 1.8, 95% CI: 1.1, 3.0), leukemia (relative risk = 2.4, 95% CI: 1.3, 4.6), and breast cancer (relative risk = 1.7, 95% CI: 1.0, 3.0) but not for colorectal, prostate, or lung cancer. For self-interviewed patients, family history of hematopoietic cancer was inversely associated with leukemia incidence (relative risk = 0.6, 95% CI: 0.4, 1.1). Regardless of patient interview type, history of breast cancer in sisters was positively associated with adult acute leukemia, whereas history of breast cancer in mothers was not. The role of family history of cancer in leukemia etiology is unclear because of differential reporting by patients and proxies. Specifically, self-interviewed patients may underreport cancer in their first-degree relatives. Associations between family history of breast cancer and leukemia incidence may be the result of unmeasured, shared etiologies specific to these cancers.  (+info)

The aim of this study was two-fold; to examine patient-proxy agreement on the impact of MS on daily life at different points in time and to get more insight in patient-proxy agreement on change over time.. The positive mean differences that were found at baseline and follow-up indicated a tendency for proxy respondents to report more disease impact of MS than the patient did themselves. This tendency of reporting more symptoms and lower levels of functioning by proxy respondents compared to the patients themselves, is in line with other studies on this topic [10, 35]. In contrast to some of the other longitudinal proxy studies [13, 14, 19] we did not see an improvement in agreement over time. Mean directional differences at follow-up were actually statistically significant for both the physical and the psychological scale, which points towards systematic overestimation by proxy respondents. Effect sizes showed that the magnitude of this bias was moderate for both scales.. At both time points, ...
Ms. Whiting described how among patients with chronic conditions, the patient voice and the caregiver voice are often thought to be interchangeable. But, patient and caregiver perspectives can be very different. She described research demonstrating that if the caregiving relationship is strained, a caregiver may overstate the amount of pain a patient is facing. So there is a clear need for a more nuanced approach to identify where caregivers can help and to what degree their voice should be included in data collection.. She highlighted how the caregiver role evolves over time. For example, among young patients who may be unable to self-report, the caregiver voice may be more prominent. But, as the patient matures, they may be able to report on their own signs and symptoms, indicating that at that point a patient-reported outcome should be used. Similarly, among patients with dementia, the patient has a more prominent voice in the beginning. But, as the disease progresses, their ability to report ...
Similar to the previous situation, ethics consults are occasionally obtained when its not clear to the treating team who the surrogate decision maker is or how to navigate conflicts between decision makers. In California and by our policy, a surrogate decision maker can be anyone who knows the patient and his values well enough to make decisions on his behalf. There is no predetermined hierarchy of relationship; a neighbor may be a better surrogate than an estranged spouse who hasnt seen the patient in a decade. Its not uncommon that we find ourselves in complex family and friend relationships with multiple spouses, children, cousins, friends, and parents who all want a say in medical decision making. We hope that all the stakeholders are on the same page and work together to determine whats best for a patient, but this is rare. Especially in the intensive care unit, situations can be emotionally-laden and challenging to achieve a consensus. Furthermore, its quite important to identify a ...
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Prevalence and determinants of misreporting among European children in proxy-reported 24 h dietary recalls.. Börnhorst C, Huybrechts I, Ahrens W, Eiben G, Michels N, Pala V, Molnár D, Russo P, Barba G, Bel-Serrat S, Moreno LA, Papoutsou S, Veidebaum T, Loit H-M, Lissner L, Pigeot I, on behalf of the IDEFICS consortium ...
This study assessed associations between preschoolers objectively measured leisure-time PA and a comprehensive set of subjective (i.e. by parent proxy-report) and objective potential PA correlates across the behavioral, social and physical environmental domains on both family- and community-level (Fig. 1) in a large sample of German preschoolers.. None of the objective community-level social and physical environmental potential correlates were associated with objectively assessed leisure-time PA. In contrast, for the family-level behavioral domain (child participation in organized sports) as well as the subjective (i.e. by parent proxy-report) family-level physical environmental domain (parental perception of neighborhood traffic safety) significant associations with MVPA and TPA were observed. These main findings were consistently seen in both the weekend and weekday afternoon samples.. No associations between PA and the objective community-level social and physical environmental factors from ...
This data collection is comprised of responses from two sets of survey questionnaires, the basic Current Population Survey (CPS) and a survey administered as a supplement to the June 2008 CPS questionnaire on the topic of Fertility.The CPS, administered monthly, collects labor force data about the civilian noninstitutional population living in the United States. Moreover, the CPS provides current estimates of the economic status and activities of this population which includes estimates of total employment (both farm and nonfarm), nonfarm self-employed persons, domestics, and unpaid helpers in nonfarm family enterprises, wage and salaried employees, and estimates of total unemployment. Data from the CPS are provided for the week prior to the administration of the survey.All females 15-44 years old that were eligible for the basic CPS survey were also eligible for the supplement survey, as applicable. Self or proxy responses were allowed for the supplement, that is a single respondent could ...
One in five deaths in the U.S. occurs in or shortly after discharge from an intensive care unit (ICU), typically following decisions made by surrogate decision makers to forego life prolonging treatment. A large body of empirical research has identified deficiencies in care processes that contribute to three important problems: 1) family members often experience poor quality communication with ICU clinicians, leading to lasting psychological distress associated with the ICU experience; 2) patients near the end of life frequently receive invasive, expensive treatment that is inconsistent with their values and preferences, and 3) end-of-life care is a major contributor to health care costs.[8, 9] Although advance care planning can prevent some unwanted treatment, many patients wish for a trial of intensive treatment when the prognosis is uncertain, and therefore it seems likely that the need for interventions to improve in-the-moment decisions by surrogates will persist.[10, 11]. In a pilot ...
Hers what I find troubling and ultimately depressing about the drinking and driving problem.. We know, without a doubt, that alcohol consumption impairs and inhibits normal human mental abilities, to which we would generically refer as judgement capacity or the ability to make rational, well-informed decisions. This is the main reason that in the medical profession (in which I work) a patients right to decide about his/her medical treatment becomes null and void if he/she is intoxicated, barring a legally-recognized surrogate decision maker that is at the bedside to accept that responsibility or a legal document stating the same (an advanced directive, etc). Thus every day in ERs across this country we are doing things (invasive things, painful things, risky things) to patients against their will because we determine that they are either intoxicated or have sustained a brain injury or are acutely psychotic (etc) and are therefore not competent to decide for themselves. Granted, what we ...
Representatives with Voting Privileges (shown in the table below as Voting = Yes) may vote and count towards quorum. Voting Privileges are based on the Roster Role and attendance of the Member Organization for this committee. Attendance is recorded for the last three meetings. + Present, - Absent, p Proxy (Report errors to the Secretary and/or Cochairs) ...
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Carstensen, Bendix; Read, Stephanie H; Friis, Soren; Sund, Reino; Keskimäki, Ilmo; Svensson, Ann-Marie; Lung, Richard; Wild, Sarah H; Kerssens, Joannes; Harding, Jessica L; Magliano, Dianna J; Gudbjörnsdottir, Soffia; on behalf of the Diabetes and Cancer Research Consortium (2016) ...
The Mental Capacity Act 2005 has provided unified scope in the British medical system for proxy consent with regard to medical decisions, in the form of a lasting power of attorney. While the intentions are to increase the autonomous decision making powers of those unable to consent, the author of this paper argues that the whole notion of proxy consent collapses into a paternalistic judgement regarding the other persons best interests and that the new legislation introduces only an advisor, not a proxy with the moral authority to make treatment decisions on behalf of another. The criticism is threefold. First, there is good empirical evidence that people are poor proxy decision makers as regards accurately representing other peoples desires and wishes, and this is therefore a pragmatically inadequate method of gaining consent. Second, philosophical theory explaining how we represent other peoples thought processes indicates that we are unlikely ever to achieve accurate simulations of others ...
Internal Medicine Module 2: Informed Consent - Surrogate Decision Making. This case explores the best course of action when a surrogate decision maker refuses bypass surgery for her husband even when the primary care physician, cardiologist, and cardiac surgeon all recommend it as the best treatment option. Virtual Mentor is a monthly bioethics journal published by the American Medical Association.
One of the hardest things veterinarians have to do is to counsel owners about assessing a pets quality of life as it begins to decline. Because our animals cant verbalize their specific desires when it comes to end of life care, owners and, to a lesser extent, veterinarians are forced into the role of proxy decision makers. We have the ability to extend or end a sick or injured pets life, and deciding what he or she would want under the circumstances is never easy.. Quality of life (QoL) surveys are helpful during this difficult time. They can focus our attention on the most important aspects of what the patient is experiencing. A single QoL survey provides some information, particularly at the extremes of the contentment - suffering continuum, but these tools really shine when they are performed on a frequent and regular basis. In this way, current scores can be compared to those taken in the past. Owners and veterinarians can then more easily pick up trends and address problems before they ...
The law allows for different ways to handle the finances of the person under tutorship depending on the state of the persons illness and the extent of his/her personal fortune. For example, if there is a close relative who is willing to accept the responsibility, the judge can designate him/her as legal administrator under judicial control without appointing a surrogate tutor or family council (article 497). A family council is not usually necessary unless the fortune is particularly large or there are serious problems between family members.. Depending on the type of marriage contract that a married person previously drew up, it might not be necessary to appoint the spouse as tutor as s/he would already have the authority to take care of the persons interests (article 498).. Another option is to appoint a manager (gérant de la tutelle) instead of a surrogate tutor or family council. This solution is often used if the person has no family or if the family is disinterested or unsuitable to ...
The Dementia Risk Assessment (DRA) is an online tool consisting of questions about known risk factors for dementia, a novel verbal memory test, and an informant report of cognitive decline. Its primary goal is to educate the public about dementia risk factors and encourage clinical evaluation where appropriate. In Study 1, more than 3,000 anonymous persons over age 50 completed the DRA about themselves; 1,000 people also completed proxy reports about another person. Advanced age, lower education, male sex, complaints of severe memory impairment, and histories of cerebrovascular disease, Parkinsons disease, and brain tumor all contributed significantly to poor memory performance. A high correlation was obtained between proxy-reported decline and actual memory test performance. In Study 2, 52 persons seeking first-time evaluation at dementia clinics completed the DRA prior to their visits. Their responses (and those of their proxy informants) were compared to the results of independent evaluation by
A secondary analysis of prospective data pooled from five placebo-controlled randomised trials for smoking reduction conducted in Europe, USA and Australia. This article is intended to give an overview of the current status of MCE. Characterization of Fluorescent Proteins for Three- and Four-Color Live-Cell Imaging in S. We conclude that lipase A and B are distinctly different enzymes and that they are probably viagra without prescription not related polymorphic forms of one another. We undertook to describe the genetic and protein composition of subglottic stenosis (SGS) by measuring an array of protein expression and messenger RNA levels within human SGS tissue. Prednisone was administered at a median starting dosage of 1.8 mg/kg/d (0.82 mg/lb/d), PO, with dosage tapered during the first month of treatment. Comparison of self and proxy ratings for motor performance of individuals with Parkinson generic cialis tadalafil disease. CT by three-dimensional reconstruction can provide more special ...
Assess and compare the patient reported and parent proxy cognitive problems (child + teen) quality of life across multiple time points using the Peds Quality of Life version 3. Assessment was performed across all risk groups. The QL scoring is a 5-point Likert scale from 0 (never) to 4 (almost always). Scores are transformed on a scale from 0 to 100. Items are reverse scored and linearly transformed to a 0-100 scale as follows: 0=100, 1=75, 2=50, 3=25, and 4=0. Total score is the sum of all items over the number of items answered on all scales. The higher the score, the better the quality of life ...
Editor Phil attended a NACE Seminar held on behalf of both LABC and Environmental Health based upon Chimney, Combustion appliance, and Smoke Nuisance
We represented a cable company that was contacted by the Federal Communications Commission regarding alleged noncompliance with the FCCs leakage reporting and annual reporting, found on forms 320 & 325. The client was threatened with a loss of their license. We worked on behalf of the client to negotiate with the FCC to resolve the alleged reporting issues that were noncompliance, and the client was able to avoid all threatened fines and franchising penalties. We also have advised the client on a number of municipal franchise agreements ...
即係代表某人的意思 另外送上常用片語四十個 1. first of all 首先 First of all, a warm welcome to cour company. 首先,誠摯地歡迎你加入我們公司。 2. in the meantime 同時 In the meantime, can you give me some thoughts and come up with any recommendations? 同時,你能給我一些想法與建議嗎? 3. from ones point of view 從某人的觀點來看 I would like to agree with Marketings suggestion as this…
I have made your name known to those whom you gave me from the world. They were yours, and you gave them to me, and they have kept your word. Now they know that everything you have given me is from you; for the words that you gave to me I have given to them, and they have received them and know in truth that I came from you; and they have believed that you sent me. I am asking on their behalf; I am not asking on behalf of the world, but on behalf of those whom you gave me, because they are yours. All mine are yours, and yours are mine; and I have been glorified in them. And now I am no longer in the world, but they are in the world, and I am coming to you. Holy Father, protect them in your name that you have given me, so that they may be one, as we are one. ...
FILED JUNE 16, 1998. No. 107059. MARIAN HAGERMAN, In Her Own Behalf And On Behalf of KEITH HAGERMAN, Deceased. Plaintiff-Appellant,. v GENCORP AUTOMOTIVE, Self-Insured,. Defendant-Appellee.. ...
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TY - JOUR. T1 - Using focus groups to study proxy healthcare decision making for those with intellectual disability in the United States. AU - Fisher, Kathleen M.. AU - Orkin, Fredrick K.. AU - Green, Michael. PY - 2011/12/1. Y1 - 2011/12/1. N2 - Background: Individuals with intellectual disability (ID) often rely on others for help with healthcare decision making. The goal of this study was to understand the process and challenges faced by proxy decision makers in the community and validate previous research findings. Method: A qualitative exploratory design using four focus groups with 18 community agency directors across one Mid-Atlantic state. Discussions were recorded, transcribed, and systematically coded for themes. Results: Four fundamental themes that include global concerns related to this vulnerable population were identified and found to influence proxy decision making. Decisions made by proxies that related to two major areas of concern - end-of-life decision making and access to ...
Based on early discussion with the TEP, a decision was made to replace the domain client satisfaction specified in the language of the DRA with the broader concept of client experience. Unlike satisfaction, experience comprises both objective (Do you know the name of your case manager) and subjective (Is your case manager helpful?) assessments of program services and supports. Furthermore, client experience data capture a broader array of outcomes and are not influenced solely by an individuals personal metric.. The subjectivity of satisfaction measures makes them challenging for individuals with cognitive disabilities and precludes (or may preclude) data collection from proxy sources. While, by definition, client experience measures are derived from client-reported data, arguments can be made for using knowledgeable proxy respondents when clients are unable to respond for themselves. At the same time, proxy respondents can introduce potential biases that must be recognized.14,15 In our ...
Advanced dementia refers to later stage dementia, where a person loses physical and cognitive function. Find out about living with advanced dementia, caregivers experiences, communciation in advanced dementia, and what caregivers can offer.
While the decision whether to place a feeding tube in a patient with advanced dementia can be influenced by cultural or religious values, each individual should choose whether they would want a feeding tube placed in the event of various health situations — including advanced dementia.
Attorneys Matthew L. Williams and Tara R. Devine obtained an $18.5 million settlement on behalf of a child who suffered a serious brain injury due to a delay in the diagnosis and treatment of meningitis.
10 causes of an itchy face. How does a hot flash feel?. Q&A: LGBT patients with Alzheimers disease and their caregivers face specific challenges. New study aims to understand surrogate decision challenges for LGBT patients with Alzheimers. Win a Dude Ranch Vacation in Random Drawing. The...
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CORE SpringMeeting25th April 2013Lily Kak on behalf of the GNAPteamLily Kak, USAID (on behalf of the GNAP team)Core Spring MeetingApril 26, 2013
Watch our transformation unfold in the above video.. Weve created a colourful animation that explains what the rebrand is all about and the benefits it brings to our customers and the company - take a look!. On behalf of Activa (soon to be L&R), Id like to take this opportunity to thank you for choosing our products and services. If you have any questions at all, please dont hesitate to contact a member of our team ...
Our Environmental, Social and Governance Report highlights our commitment to sustainability and describes our work on behalf of our clients and the communities we seek to serve. Explore Report. ...
Court of Appeals of Texas, First District,Mar. 16, 2017,VICTOR KAREH, M.D., Appellant v. TRACY WINDRUM, INDIVIDUALLY, AS REPRESENTATIVE OF THE ESTATE OF LANCER WINDRUM, AND ON BEHALF OF HER MINOR CHILDREN, B.W., J.W., AND H.W., Appellee
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Lehr Middlebrooks & Vreeland, P.C., practices labor and employment law on behalf of management, with a focus on the rights that management can exercise, rather than those.... ...
ACP advocates on behalf on internists and their patients on a number of timely issues. Learn about where ACP stands on the following areas:. ...
This media release has been shared on behalf of the EPA. A new gem will enrich the Gippsland environment thanks to a pilot project between Environment...
I do enjoy watching you make a complete ass out of yourself on a daily basis, all of those guests watching who are on the fence can see the fallacious nature of your ridiculous assertions, so in the end.... you are doing more to create more atheists than I could ever do by posting well thought out, researched and substantiated posts disproving the faith...so on behalf of atheists everywhere, thank you for being so incapable in articulating your faith, and disproving your own point of view with each and every post...nicely done, please stick around so the deconversion rates will continue to rise ...
Detailed below are science projects undertaken for, or managed on behalf of, Defra by the Contractor/Funded Organisation selected.. ...
Detailed below are science projects undertaken for, or managed on behalf of, Defra by the Contractor/Funded Organisation selected.. ...
|Posting on behalf of Bruce Cullen from Cookdown| Have you ever spent hours tuning a group in SCOM, only to discover several other groups need
by Falagas, M and Skalidis, T and Vardakas, K and Legakis, N and Tsiplakou, S and Papaioannou, V and Trikka-Graphakos, E and Charalampakis, N and Sereti, C and Lebessi, E and Bozavoutoglou, E and Vogiatzakis, E and Moraiti, H and Xanthaki, A and Toutouza, M and Fountoulis, K and Perivolioti, E and Kraniotaki, H and Bournia, M and Vourli, S and Peteinaki, E and Chatzipanagiotou, S and Ioannidis, A and Makri, A and Daskalaki, M and Staikou, E and Tzannetou, K and Prifti, H and Mentessidou, K and Maltezou, A and Platsouka, E and Skarmoutsou, N and Spiliopoulou, I and Christofidou, M and Falagas, M and Vardakas, K and Triarides, N and Legakis, N and Legakis, N and Skalidis, T and Falagas, M and Kyriakidou, M and Hellenic Cefiderocol Study Grp and Hellenic Cefiderocol Study Group and on behalf of the Hellenic Cefiderocol Study Group ...
Annually resolved coral delta O-18 and Sr/Ca records from southwestern Puerto Rico are used to investigate Caribbean climate variability between 1751 and 2004 C. E. Mean surface ocean temperatures in this region have increased steadily by about 2 degrees C since the year 1751, with Sr/Ca data indicating 2.1 +/- 0.8 degrees C and delta O-18 data indicating 2.7 +/- 0.5 degrees C. Coral geochemical records from across the tropics demonstrate that regional variability is important for understanding climate variations at centennial time scales. A strong multidecadal salinity signal in the oxygen isotope data correlates with observed multidecadal temperature variations in the Northern Hemisphere. Instrumental wind and precipitation data indicate that the most recent coral isotopic variations are caused by expansion and contraction of the steep regional salinity gradient, forced by trade wind anomalies through meridional Ekman transport. The timing of the fluctuations suggests that the ...
Undiagnosed and untreated pain is a serious and frequent problem in persons with advanced dementia, leading to behavioural problems, such as decrease in daily functioning, sleep problems, depression and apathy. In many ways, pain therefore can negatively influence quality of life (QoL). Although pain is difficult to assess in persons with advanced dementia, the impact on QoL is believed to be huge. The long-term care facility (LTCF) organisations of the University Network of the Care sector South Holland (UNC-ZH) find their biggest challenge in preserving QoL in the course of dementia. Until now, there are no proven effective interventions on QoL in persons with dementia in LTCF, as was recently established in a systematic review. However, several interventions are effective in diminishing mediators (such as challenging behaviour and depressed mood) of QoL, including pharmacological treatment of pain. In a large Norwegian nursing home trial, pain treatment was effective in improving agitated ...
The second edition of this internationally acclaimed title is the ideal handbook for those involved in conducting epidemiological research. The objective of most epidemiological studies is to relate exposure to putative causal agents to the occurrence of a particular disease. The achievement of this objective depends critically on accurate measurement of exposure. This book reviews principles and techniques that can be applied to measuring a wide range of exposures, including demographic, behavioral, medical, genetic, and environmental factors. The book covers questionnaire design, conducting personal interviews, abstracting information from medical records, use of proxy respondents, and measurements from human specimens and in the environment. It gives a comprehensive account of measurement error and the estimation of its effects, and the design, analysis, and interpretation of validity and reliability studies. Emphasis is given to the ways in which the validity of measurements can be ...
The objective of the present study was to report on the measurement properties of the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) Neurofibromatosis Type 1 Module for pediatric patients ages 5-25 from the perspectives of patients and parents. The 104-item PedsQL NF1 Module and 23-item PedsQL Generic Core Scales were completed in a multi-site national study by 323 patients and 335 parents (343 families). Patients were diagnosed with NF1 using the National Institutes of Health diagnostic criteria. In addition to a Total Scale Score, 18 unidimensional scales were derived measuring skin itch bother, skin sensations, pain, pain impact, pain management, cognitive functioning, speech, fine motor, balance, vision, perceived physical appearance, communication, worry, treatment anxiety, medicines, stomach discomfort, constipation, and diarrhea ...
Burdensome, costly interventions that do not improve the quality of life or extend survival are experienced by nursing home residents with advanced dementia.
Policies and practices in haemostasis testing among laboratories in Croatia: a survey on behalf of a Working Group for Laboratory Coagulation of the Croatian Society of Medical Biochemistry and Laboratory Medicine. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
(Source: www.channelnewsasia.com) SINGAPORE: A pair of Singaporean siblings was jailed for 16 months on Thursday (Jan 11) for receiving and laundering US$320,000 on behalf of a Kuala Lumpur-based syndicate.Shaqilah Mohamad Rafie, 25, and her brother Rausyan Sajjad Mohamad Rafie, 24, pleaded guilty on Thursday evening to two charges each of receiving stolen property - hundreds of thousands…
LIC. No. 32809133 Liquor Act 1982 - It is an offence to sell or supply to or to obtain liquor on behalf of a person under the age of 18 years It is illegal to sell wine to anyone under the age of 18. By placing an order with Methanol Moonshine you confirm that you are at least 18 years of age. Remember, it is an offence to obtain liquor on behalf of a person under the age of 18 years; this includes purchasing the wines as a gift. If in doubt our couriers may request some form of ID with proof of age at the time of delivery. ...
LIC. No. 32809133 Liquor Act 1982 - It is an offence to sell or supply to or to obtain liquor on behalf of a person under the age of 18 years It is illegal to sell wine to anyone under the age of 18. By placing an order with Methanol Moonshine you confirm that you are at least 18 years of age. Remember, it is an offence to obtain liquor on behalf of a person under the age of 18 years; this includes purchasing the wines as a gift. If in doubt our couriers may request some form of ID with proof of age at the time of delivery. ...
There are different requirements and restrictions for purchases for an agency versus purchases for personal use. When you check Buying on...
Cross-posted on behalf of Persis Eskander of the Wild-Animal Suffering Research team. -- Summary Wild animals suffer on an immense scale, we dont yet have s
Cross-posted on behalf of Persis Eskander of the Wild-Animal Suffering Research team. -- Summary Wild animals suffer on an immense scale, we dont yet have s
ASA is the go-to source to cultivate leadership, advance knowledge and strengthen the skills of our members and others who work with and on behalf of older adults ...
ASA is the go-to source to cultivate leadership, advance knowledge and strengthen the skills of our members and others who work with and on behalf of older adults ...
ASA is the essential resource to cultivate leadership, advance knowledge, and strengthen the skills of those who work with, and on behalf of, older adults ...
The changes that made XSLT functions inaccessible to saxon:evaluate() were actually introduced in 7.2 or 7.3, I think, as part of the changes towards separation of the compile-time and run-time environment. Its true that XPath 2.0 includes the document function, but I havent yet made the changes to Saxon that remove its dependency on the XSLT environment (which isnt accessible to saxon:evaluate). But if I understand your problem correctly, the document() function can be called outside the saxon:evaluate. Just change it to: ,xsl:apply-templates select=document(@url)/saxon:evaluate(concat(//,@element))/, Better still, dont use evaluate at all, write ,xsl:apply-templates select=document(@url)//*[name()=current()/@element]/, Michael Kay Software AG home: [email protected] work: [email protected] , -----Original Message----- , From: [email protected] , [mailto:[email protected]] On Behalf Of , Craeg K Strong , Sent: 19 February 2003 09:28 , To: [email protected] , Subject: [saxon] ...
Masatoshi Koga, Kazunori Toyoda, Kazuo Minematsu, Masahiro Yasaka, Yoji Nagai, Shiro Aoki, Tomohisa Nezu, Naohisa Hosomi, Tatsuo Kagimura, Hideki Origasa, Kenji Kamiyama, Rieko Suzuki, Toshiho Ohtsuki, Hirofumi Maruyama, Kazuo Kitagawa, Shinichiro Uchiyama and Masayasu Matsumoto on behalf of the J-STARS Investigators ...
Reply message ----- From: Josh Reynolds ,[email protected], To: ,[email protected], Subject: [AFMUG] buffering Date: Sat, Oct 15, 2016 1:28 PM Running cable takes work and people are lazy. (I have a bunch of OM4 I need to run and 2 boxes of cat6 sitting there, so I cant really say crap!) On Oct 15, 2016 1:23 PM, Ken Hohhof ,[email protected], wrote:Im still waiting to run into a customer with a media library to justify the $400 WiFi router some kid in the store sold them so they could have multigigabit WiFi in their house. Cuz if your only source of content is your 25 Mbps Internet connection, Im missing why you need that AC5300 router. And honestly, if I had a media center with locally stored content streaming 4K video around the house, Id figure a way to run a cable to the big screens. Why spend all that money and then cheap out by using WiFi, especially since that 60 inch TV isnt exactly portable unless its on wheels. From: Af [mailto:[email protected]] On Behalf Of Joe Novak Sent: ...
Our Masters degrees are informed by the cutting-edge research we carry out on behalf of over 750 industrial clients and partners
The following is the Peoples Agenda 2014 prepared by a group of academics on behalf of the Indian Political Economy Association (IPEA). This (...)
Neither the EC nor the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the EC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. ...
SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR TRIGGERING ON PLATFORM USAGE - A system and method for triggering on platform usage can include at a platform, receiving and storing a trigger configuration of an account; operating a platform comprising internally executing a process on behalf of an account and publishing at least one event when executing the process; at the platform, incrementing a counter in response to the at least one event and if the stored trigger configuration species a usage key associated with a category of counted events of the at least one event; monitoring counters in a context of an associated trigger; and processing the trigger upon the counter satisfying condition of an associated trigger ...
John Leckie searches India for four emerging bands on behalf on the British Council with the aim of generating a dialogue between the emerging alternative music scenes.
This site is maintained by the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts on behalf of the Federal Judiciary. The purpose of this site is to provide information from and about the Judicial Branch of the U.S. Government.. ...
This site is maintained by the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts on behalf of the Federal Judiciary. The purpose of this site is to provide information from and about the Judicial Branch of the U.S. Government.. ...
NAN Englands Premier League is launching an esports competition, allowing fans to compete on behalf of their club at the .... ...
Open or anonymous proxies may be blocked on sight. Non-static IP addresses or hosts that are otherwise not permanent proxies ... Many Tor proxies, in particular, are "exit nodes" for only a short time; in general, these proxies should not be blocked ... There is also a Wikipedia project, the WikiProject on open proxies, which seeks to identify and block open proxy servers. ... Open or anonymous proxies. Main page: Wikipedia:Open proxies. ... sometimes called proxy editing or "proxying") unless they can ...
Proxy model[edit]. The proxy model anticipates the success of something that is unfamiliar. The model proposes that if a person ... The proxy is evaluated based on ability and is concerned with the question "Can I do X?" A proxy's comparison is based previous ... Wheeler L.; Martin R.; Suls J. (1997). "The proxy model of social comparison for self-assessment of ability". Personality and ... Several models have been introduced to social comparison, including the self-evaluation maintenance model (SEM),[12] proxy ...
This API allows pages to specify a proxy server that would get the reply, and this proxy server is not subject to the same- ... with the proxy server attacker.com. . Since the request is for www.example.com. , all example.com. cookies will be sent along ... Cross-site scripting: proxy request. In older versions of many browsers, there were security holes in the implementation of the ... The server knows the IP address of the computer running the browser (or the proxy, if any is used) and could theoretically link ...
As climate proxies[edit]. Speleothems are studied as climate proxies because their location within cave environments and ... The principal proxies measured are oxygen and carbon isotopes and trace cations. These indicators, alone and in conjunction ... with other climate proxy records, can provide clues to past precipitation, temperature, and vegetation changes over the last ~ ...
Cold War examples of proxy wars[edit]. See also: proxy war. In Southeast Asia, specifically Vietnam, the Viet Minh, NLF and ... War by proxy[edit]. Where asymmetric warfare is carried out (generally covertly) by allegedly non-governmental actors who are ... France also encouraged proxy wars against the British in India, but ultimately drove Great Britain to the brink of defeat by ... From 1776, the conflict turned increasingly into a proxy war on behalf of France, following a strategy proposed in the 1760s ...
method is called for each method invoked on the proxy object-the first parameter is the proxy object, the second parameter is ... Proxy. class that supports dynamic creation of proxy classes that implement specified interfaces. ... Arrays and proxies[edit]. The java.lang.reflect. package also provides an Array. class that contains static methods for ... Proxy. class is provided by a supplied object that implements the InvocationHandler. interface. The InvocationHandler. 's ...
"Proxy , Whitney Museum of American Art". whitney.org. Retrieved 2015-09-22. "Saying Goobye to the Old Whitney Museum with a ... "Proxy, 5-WM2A" and announced the opening of their new space by Renzo Piano in Manhattan's Meatpacking District adjoining the ...
It uses a variety of proxy methods from the Earth and life sciences to obtain data previously preserved within rocks, sediments ... The δ18O of coralline red algae provides a useful proxy of the combined sea surface temperature and sea surface salinity at ...
A sample of other features include Secure Sockets Layer and Transport Layer Security support (mod_ssl), a proxy module (mod_ ... Reverse proxy with caching[19] *Load balancing[20] with in-band health checks ... proxy), a URL rewriting module (mod_rewrite), custom log files (mod_log_config), and filtering support (mod_include and mod_ext ...
Proxy ARP. References[edit]. *^ a b Ramachandran, Vivek & Nandi, Sukumar (2005). "Detecting ARP Spoofing: An Active Technique ... See also: Proxy ARP. The techniques that are used in ARP spoofing can also be used to implement redundancy of network services ...
India's proxy advisory industry is relatively nascent - there are three firms, of which IiAS is the largest and the most ... "Proxy warriors". Business Standard. 2013-03-08. Retrieved 2013-10-29. "BSE, Tatas, HDFC & fitch pick up close to 74% in IIAS". ... "Now, proxy advisors may propose vote against Maruti's Gujarat plan - Millennium Post". Millennium Post. "THE FIRM March 15 : ... This was, arguably, the first time that an MNC directly engaged with Indian proxy advisory services. In 2014, IiAS took on ...
Proxy transfers. Universal Plug and Play support. Adware and Spyware free. Clean interface. Through its simple sidebar, you can ...
"2017 Proxy". GE.com. 2017-07-18. Retrieved 2017-11-14. "Mary Barra , GM Corporate Officer". Gm.com. Retrieved 2017-11-14. " ...
"Ergo Proxy". (November 2006) Newtype USA. p. 148. Official Frognation website Official Storyriders website Storyriders on ... " "Proxy/Deus ex Machina" Toward the Terra (2007): Script "The Lonesome Mu" "Red Eyes, Blue Planet" "Eternity and the Heat Haze ... " "Shout to the Top!" "Wish Upon a Star" Ergo Proxy (2006-2007): Chief writer, Screenplay"Pulse of Awakening/Awakening" " ...
"Proxy Statement". Retrieved 8 June 2012. Google Appoints Ann Mather to its Board of Directors. November 29, 2005. "Biography of ...
Men act as proxy for deceased men, and women as proxy for deceased women. The concept of a spiritual proxy is compared by some ... Outside of Christianity, proxy baptisms were practiced by the Mandaeans of Iraq and Iran.[need quotation to verify][not in ... In the practice of the LDS Church, a living person, acting as proxy, is baptized by immersion on behalf of a deceased person of ... In this practice a proxy or substitute is baptised in the place of an unknown number of deceased persons. According to NAC and ...
Season 5. Episode 1. "Goodbye Vincent". Ergo Proxy. Episode 20. "Hellsing IV". Hellsing Ultimate. Episode 4. October 11, 2014. ...
"Proxy Services". DTCC. Retrieved 24 March 2017. "Fedwire Securities Services". The Federal Reserve. Retrieved 24 March 2017. ... For purposes of sending proxy notices and other communications with beneficial owners, the transfer agent, acting on a request ... paying dividends and conducting proxy campaigns. Most investments in US equities, corporate bonds and municipal bonds are now ...
A sample of other features include Secure Sockets Layer and Transport Layer Security support (mod_ssl), a proxy module (mod_ ... Apache httpd 2.4 "Picking a Proxy Server". "Throughput evaluation of Apache 2.4.1". "Performance of Apache 2.4 with the event ... ". "mod_proxy". "mod_proxy_balancer". "Balancer Manager". "Authentication and Authorization". "mod_rewrite". "mod_headers". " ... proxy), a URL rewriting module (mod_rewrite), custom log files (mod_log_config), and filtering support (mod_include and mod_ext ...
"Market Timing Usually Leads to Lower Returns - BeyondProxy". Beyond Proxy. Commodities , Issue 14 , Investment Newsletter , ...
ISBN 978-0-804-75467-5. "Moscow's Proxy? Cuba and Africa, 1975-1988" (PDF). Journal of Cold War Studies. 8 (2): 3-51. 2006. doi ...
... using the Proxy's default endpoint URL and SOAP action values): Proxy proxy; float rate; int err = proxy.get_rate("Happy Inn", ... A service invocation in C++ using the auto-generated Proxy class is executed as follows ( ... proxy authentication IPv4 and IPv6 with SSL/TLS with SSL session caching (based on OpenSSL or GNUTLS) XML compression with gzip ... 2, &rate); if (err == SOAP_OK && rate < 100.00) lets_go(); proxy.destroy(); // deallocate deserialized data By using ...
Versant Object Technology (April 30, 1997). "Proxy Statement". Schedule 14A. US Securities and Exchange Commission. Retrieved ... Versant Object Technology (April 30, 1998). "Proxy Statement". Schedule 14A. US Securities and Exchange Commission. Retrieved ...
Stringer called proxy access "the defining issue for the 2015 proxy season". In 2017, there was no Democratic primary for the ... "Proxy Access... Or Not" (PDF). Proxy Monthly. Max, Ben. "2017 New York City Primary Election Results". Retrieved 13 September ... on a given company's proxy. Proxy access is the ability for shareowners to nominate directors to run against a company's chosen ... The "proxy access" initiative, known as the Boardroom Accountability Project, requests that these companies change their bylaws ...
Proxy bombings (1990). *Downing Street mortar attack (1991). *Cappagh killings (1991). *Drumbeg killings (1991) ...
Guest stars including Diana Muldaur in the pilot episode "Murder by Proxy"; Martin Sheen in "Dead Witness to a Killing"; Dabney ... "Murder by Proxy". George McCowan. Robert C. Dennis. September 23, 1970 (1970-09-23). ... Subsequently, another television film, editing together the Diana Muldaur and Dabney Coleman episodes ("Murder by Proxy" and " ...
Space Communications Protocol Specifications (SCPS): Performance Enhancing Proxy. Telemetry modulation systems. Current. BPSK. ...
Ausubel, Lawrence M.; Milgrom, Paul (2006b). Cramton, P.; Shoham, Y.; Steinberg, R. (eds.). "Ascending Proxy Auctions". In ... "The Clock-Proxy Auction: A Practical Combinatorial Auction Design". In Combinatorial Auctions, Edited by Cramton, P., Shoham, Y ...
Dormandy, Xenia (February 16, 2007). "Afghanistan's Proxy War". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 22 October 2014. Dormandy, Xenia ( ...
"Citigroup Proxy Statement". Citigroup SEC filing. "Citigroup chief executive resigns". BBC. 2007-11-05. Retrieved 2008-02-20. " ...
Proxy-reported outcome. A report by someone other than the patient, who reports on patient experiences as if he or she is the ... Importantly, proxy-reported outcomes are discouraged when measuring concepts that are only known by the patient (e.g., symptoms ... Observer-reported or Proxy-reported: Is One Better than the Other?. 02/24/2020, Webex ... On February 24, the National Health Coucil held a webinar to discuss differences between caregiver-reported and proxy-reported ...
How Valid Are Family Proxy Assessments of Stroke Patients Health-Related Quality of Life?. Linda S. Williams, Tamilyn Bakas, ... How Valid Are Family Proxy Assessments of Stroke Patients Health-Related Quality of Life? ... How Valid Are Family Proxy Assessments of Stroke Patients Health-Related Quality of Life? ... How Valid Are Family Proxy Assessments of Stroke Patients Health-Related
In the proxy sample, also 39 proxies indicated that the patient deteriorated and 17 proxies indicated that the patients had not ... The proxy respondents were instructed to assess the patient as the proxy thought the patient would rate his or herself [22]. ... Longitudinal proxy measurements in multiple sclerosis: patient-proxy agreement on the impact of MS on daily life over a period ... Patient-proxy agreement on change over time. To evaluate patient-proxy agreement on change over time, mean change scores ( ...
Prevalence and determinants of misreporting among European children in proxy-reported 24 h dietary recalls. ... Prevalence and determinants of misreporting among European children in proxy-reported 24-hour dietary recalls. ...
Proxy (2013) Not Rated , 2h , Drama, Horror, Thriller , 18 April 2014 (USA) ... Robot Season 4 Episode 7 Review: Proxy Authentication Required 17 November 2019 , Den of Geek ...
... corporations provide shareholders with the option to cast a proxy vote. ... What is a Proxy Vote. A proxy vote is a ballot cast by one person on behalf of a shareholder of a corporation who would ... Proxy Voting Gives Fund Shareholders a Say You have the right to take part in important company decisions by proxy. ... Shareholders receive a proxy ballot in the mail along with an information booklet called a proxy statement describing the ...
Proxy War (1973) Jingi naki tatakai: Dairi sensô (original title). Not Rated , 1h 59min , Action, Drama , 25 September 1973 ( ... Proxy War is another chapter in the long series of betrayal, scheming and chaos among the rival families of Hiroshima. ... Without going into much details, Proxy War details the chronicles that led to the Hiroshima battle between the Yamamori and the ... And youll know by the point you reach Proxy War, if this is your cup of tea or not. ...
Revocability of Proxy A proxy may be revoked by the stockholder giving the proxy at any time before it is voted by delivering ... Voting of Proxies The persons acting as proxies pursuant to the enclosed proxy will vote the shares represented as directed in ... Sending in your proxy will not prevent you from voting your stock at the meeting if you desire to do so, as your proxy is ... Important Notice Regarding the Availability of Proxy Materials for the Annual Meeting: The Annual Report, Notice & Proxy ...
Please note, however, that if you wish to receive a paper proxy card or voting instruction or other proxy materials for the ... TO OR RECEIPT OF THE COMPANY S PROXY STATEMENT IN CONNECTION WITH THE ANNUAL MEETING AND HEREBY REVOKES ANY PROXY OR PROXIES ... TO OR RECEIPT OF THE COMPANY S PROXY STATEMENT IN CONNECTION WITH THE ANNUAL MEETING AND HEREBY REVOKES ANY PROXY OR PROXIES ... Proxy Voting Shares that are properly voted on the Internet or by telephone or for which proxy cards are properly executed and ...
IBM Secure Proxy helps secure and shield your trusted network by preventing direct connectivity between external partners and ... Advanced proxy features. Includes proxy support and functions to improve security of edge-based file exchanges. ... As a demilitarized zone (DMZ)-based proxy, Secure Proxy uses multi-factor authentication, SSL session breaks, closing of ... IBM Secure Proxy. Helps secure and shield your trusted network by preventing direct connectivity between external partners and ...
IBM Sterling Secure Proxy helps secure and shield your trusted network by preventing direct connectivity between external ... How secure proxy works. Understand how IBM Secure Proxy can protect your data as it flows over the internet ... IBM Secure Proxy. Helps secure and shield your trusted network by preventing direct connectivity between external partners and ... IBM Secure Proxy. Using unsecured internet for file transfers and business communications are increasingly at risk yet often ...
... (MBPS) involves a parent or caregiver misleading others into thinking that a child has medical ... "By proxy" indicates that a parent or other adult is making up or exaggerating symptoms in a child, not in himself or herself. ... Munchausen by proxy syndrome is a mental illness and requires treatment.. About MBPS. In MBPS, an individual - usually a parent ... Munchausen by proxy syndrome (MBPS) is a relatively rare form of child abuse that involves the exaggeration or fabrication of ...
Res: Re: [FUG-BR] Proxy Transparente Ademir Costa Peixoto. * *Re: Res: Re: [FUG-BR] Proxy Transpa... Vitor Renato Alves de ... proxy,,3128 tcp from ,rede/mask, to any 80 - compilar o squid para fazer proxy transparente: ... --enable-ipf-transparent ... Proxy Transparente , , , , , , Tirado de um backup do meu Palm. , , , , , , Configuração do squid para proxy transparente ... Re: [FUG-BR] Proxy Transparente Vitor Renato Alves de Brito Tue, 09 Aug 2005 05:36:51 -0700 ...
... they can be described as placebo effects by proxy, or placebo by proxy for short. Although placebo by proxy has important ... Placebo by proxy could be as ubiquitous as the placebo effect, and in some situations placebo by proxy can dominate clinical ... Placebo by proxy may create a false sense that a patient is getting better and thereby prevent more appropriate treatment,7 8 ... Placebo by proxy is probably more likely to cause harm when decisions are made in the absence of clinical evidence and when ...
More than 140 companies participated in the 2017 joint Nasdaq-Chamber proxy se ... and they remain demonstrably influential in how proxy votes are cast. ... Proxy advisory firms continue to play an outsized role in corporate governance in the United States, imposing their views of ... Corporate engagement with proxy advisory firms increased with little difference in outcomes- 24% more companies reported ...
HTTP::Proxy. A proxy like the following:. use HTTP::Proxy; use HTTP::Proxy:: ...; # required filter modules my $proxy = HTTP:: ... build_proxy is a simple wrapper around HTTP::Proxy::Builder. . It lets you combine several proxies written using HTTP::Proxy. ... build_proxy - Combine several HTTP::Proxy based programs into one. SYNOPSYS build_proxy [ options ] [ proxy options ] -- [ ... proxy-,start();. Can be made usable by build_proxy by transforming it into this:. use HTTP::Proxy::Builder; use HTTP::Proxy ...
Climate proxies are sources of climate information from natural archives such as tree rings, ice cores, corals, lake and ... Proxy indicators typically must be calibrated against modern instrumental information to yield a quantitative reconstruction of ...
The TEX86 proxy, and flux of GDGTs varies across the global ocean, making regional studies particularly important to ... The TEX86 and molecular biomarker proxies have been broadly applied in down-core marine sediments to reconstruct past sea ... Globorotalia truncatulinoides (dextral) Mg/Ca as a proxy for Gulf of Mexico winter mixed-layer temperature: evidence from a ... Globorotalia truncatulinoides (dextral) Mg/Ca as a proxy for Gulf of Mexico winter mixed-layer temperature: evidence from a ...
"munchausen syndrome by proxy"[MeSH Terms] OR munchausen syndrome by proxy[Text Word]. Search. ... Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy. A phenomenon in which symptoms of a disease are fabricated by an individual other than the ... Psychiatry and Psychology CategoryMental DisordersSomatoform DisordersFactitious DisordersMunchausen Syndrome by Proxy ...
... * 1. 200 Broadacres Drive, 3rd Floor Bloomfield, NJ 07003 P: 973.873.7700 F: 973.338. ... 1430 www.allianceadvisorsllc.com The Shareholder Communication Strategists 2012 Proxy Season: Audit Firm Rotation In the wake ...
proxy_http.c. Summary. This module requires the service of mod_proxy. . It provides the features used for proxying HTTP ... Thus, in order to get the ability of handling HTTP proxy requests, mod_proxy. and mod_proxy_http. have to be present in the ... Do not enable proxying until you have secured your server. Open proxy servers are dangerous both to your network and to the ... mod_proxy_http. supports HTTP/0.9, HTTP/1.0 and HTTP/1.1. It does not provide any caching abilities. If you want to set up a ...
This application tests HTTP and SOCKS proxy servers. ... Windows / IS/IT / Servers / Proxy servers POPULAR. Proxy ... It detects the anonymity level of HTTP and version of protocol of SOCKS proxies. The program is also able to query whois ... It can work through the SOCKS firewall and includes smart proxy list import and export abilities. ...
So, if you are using a new proxy and a new destination host, and both are using SSL/TLS, you would get asked twice. (The proxy ... Now that I got around the proxy problem (the , proxy I was using was returning 403), I get prompted to accept the , self-signed ... Accept certificate for host proxy.host.dom (a=always/y/N)? , , Is this how it is supposed to work when using a proxy? Or should ... Accept certificate for proxy proxy.host.dom (a=always/y/N)? _______________________________________________ fossil-users ...
... today announced overwhelming corporate governance success during the 2014 proxy season, as 86 of the 93 companies it engaged ...
... 403: Access Forbidden Due to the presence of characters known to be used in Cross Site Scripting attacks, ... Somehow my proxy server is restricting apostrophe, is there anyway to overcome this problem in my application?? I would ...
We are responsible for our proxies actions, and atrocities. MDG December 07 1999 (. 8) *the duty of the US is to its citizens ... Proxy armies. Posted by: Frenchy on December 07, 1999 at 10:59:19:. In Reply to: with regards to murder posted by Nikhil ... Proxy armies, thats another one of those bogus terms that serves as justification for your charges. The US has many treaties ... In that time, the US and its proxy armies have been responsible for the murder of millions of Indonesians, Vietnamese, ...
Namespace: Microsoft.Robotics.Services.ContactSensor.Proxy. Assembly: RoboticsCommon.Proxy (in RoboticsCommon.Proxy.dll) ...
Tags: CASA, common-proxy-casa CASA key, credentials, DNS, oes common proxy user, Proxy User Categories: Cool Tools, Open ... Tags: CASA, Cifs, cifs repair tool, common-proxy-casa CASA key, credentials, DNS, Novell Cifs, oes common proxy user, Proxy ... The Common Proxy Repair script checks and fixes all aspects of the Common Proxy user including: Common Proxy user is set in / ... Tags: AFP, CASA, Cifs, Common Proxy Repair Script, DHCP, DNS, NCS, NetStorage, oes common proxy user, OES11, OES2015, OES2018 ...
The Common Proxy Repair script checks and fixes all aspects of the Common Proxy user including: Common Proxy user is set in / ... Tags: AFP, CASA, Cifs, Common Proxy Repair Script, DHCP, DNS, NCS, NetStorage, oes common proxy user, OES11, OES2015, OES2018 ... etc/opt/novell/proxymgmt/proxy_users.conf, Common Proxy credentials are set in CASA, and more… ...
Munchausen syndrome by proxy (MSBP) is a mental illness (factitious disorder) in which a caregiver secretly abuses a child by ... home / mental health center / mental health a-z list / munchausen syndrome by proxy center / munchausen syndrome by proxy ... "Factitious disorder by proxy (Munchausen syndrome by proxy)." In: Kliegman, R.M., et al, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics, ... "Factitious disorder by proxy (Munchausen syndrome by proxy)." In: Kliegman, R.M., et al, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics, ...
Plack::Middleware::Proxy::RewriteLocation - Rewrites redirect headers. SYNOPSIS use Plack::Builder; use Plack::App::Proxy; ... Source Latest Release: Plack-App-Proxy-0.29 *NAME *SYNOPSIS *DESCRIPTION *OPTIONS *AUTHOR *SEE ALSO ... Plack::Middleware::Proxy::RewriteLocation rewrites the Location. header in the response when the remote host redirects using ... If given, will account for mounted (URLMapped) Proxy apps when rewriting Location. headers. Will be applied in order, stopping ...
The WMS Cache/Proxy plug-in in Windows Media Services 2008 is used to configure a Windows Media server as a cache/proxy server ... The cache index file on the cache/proxy server is missing. To determine whether the cache index file is missing:. *On the ... In the WMS Cache Proxy Properties dialog box, on the Cache tab, note the cache directory path value in Cache Directory Path. ... In the WMS Cache Proxy Properties dialog box, on the Cache tab, note the cache directory path value in Cache Directory Path. ...
4. PROXY STATEMENT General Information Proxies and Voting at the Meeting The Board of Directors of McKesson Corporation (the ... We encourage you to read the proxy statement and vote your shares as soon as possible. A return envelope for your proxy card is ... All shares represented by valid proxies will be voted as speciÑed. If no speciÑcation is made, the proxies will be voted FOR ... Online Access to Annual Reports on Form 10-K and Proxy Statements The Notice of Annual Meeting and Proxy Statement and the ...
  • On February 24, the National Health Coucil held a webinar to discuss differences between caregiver-reported and proxy-reported outcomes, which are not are not the same. (nationalhealthcouncil.org)
  • Patient-proxy agreement was assessed at both time points by calculating intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs), exact and global agreement and the mean directional differences between groups. (biomedcentral.com)
  • At follow-up, statistically significant mean differences between patients and proxies were noted for the physical scale (-4.8 ± 12.7, p = 0.006) and the psychological scale (-8.9 ± 18.8, p = 0.001). (biomedcentral.com)
  • She emphasized that in instances where it is impossible to collect valid and reliable self-report data from the patient (using a patient-reported outcome (PRO) measure), an ObsRO instrument shoud be used, a proxy-reported measure should not be used. (nationalhealthcouncil.org)
  • Importantly, proxy-reported outcomes are discouraged when measuring concepts that are only known by the patient (e.g., symptoms). (nationalhealthcouncil.org)
  • The aim of this study was to examine the value of proxy ratings at separate points in time and to assess patient-proxy agreement on possible changes in disease impact of MS. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In parallel, global ratings of both patients and proxy respondents of the extent to which the patient had improved or deteriorated over the past two years were collected to validate possible changes on the MSIS-29. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Ms. Burke introduced the topic and differentiated between observer- and proxy-reported outcomes, Ms. Whiting discussed a National Alliance for Caregiving project on caregiver reported outcomes, and Mr. Fischer shared Parent Project Muscular Dystrophy's experiences and lessons learned with observer- and proxy-reported data collection. (nationalhealthcouncil.org)
  • You can force to HTTPS secure connections to increase security and privacy against bad proxies. (cnet.com)
  • Corporate engagement with proxy advisory firms increased with little difference in outcomes - 24% more companies reported proactive outreach to proxy advisory firms on issues subject to shareholder votes in 2017 compared to 2016. (nasdaq.com)
  • Companies largely support the "Corporate Governance Reform and Transparency Act of 2016" - 92% of companies say they support the proposed legislation, which would require proxy advisory firms to register with the SEC and become subjected to proper oversight. (nasdaq.com)
  • The 2016 proxy season further solidified activism as a widely accepted strategy within global equity markets. (jpmorgan.com)
  • In summary, the 2016 proxy season has demonstrated the versatility of the activist investing strategy and the willingness of its applicants to expand far beyond its roots in their search for alpha. (jpmorgan.com)
  • There are also so many different proxies to keep track of that it makes my head spin to think about it. (climateaudit.org)
  • Munchausen by proxy syndrome (MBPS) is a relatively rare form of child abuse that involves the exaggeration or fabrication of illnesses or symptoms by a primary caretaker. (kidshealth.org)
  • Munchausen by proxy syndrome is a mental illness and requires treatment. (kidshealth.org)
  • Munchausen syndrome by proxy (MSBP) is now classified as a somatic symptom and related disorder. (medicinenet.com)
  • Munchausen syndrome by proxy (MSBP) features a caretaker covertly abusing a child by faking or causing symptoms in the victim. (medicinenet.com)
  • MSBP is also called Munchausen by proxy (MBP), factitious disorder that is imposed by one individual on another, or factitious disorder, by proxy induced illness, or fabricated illness and is a mental disorder that belongs to the group of mental illnesses called somatic symptom and related disorders. (medicinenet.com)
  • Munchausen syndrome by proxy is a mental illness and a form of child abuse . (medlineplus.gov)
  • No one is sure what causes Munchausen syndrome by proxy. (medlineplus.gov)
  • This makes it hard for health professionals to see a diagnosis of Munchausen syndrome by proxy. (medlineplus.gov)
  • To diagnose Munchausen syndrome by proxy, providers have to see the clues. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Very often, Munchausen syndrome by proxy goes undiagnosed. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Recognition of Munchausen syndrome by proxy in the child-parent relationship can prevent continued abuse and unnecessary, expensive, and possibly dangerous medical testing. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Dee Dee Blanchard was posthumously diagnosed with Munchausen syndrome by proxy, a mental health disorder in which a person makes up or causes illness in a person under their care. (npr.org)
  • Woman you are portraying is said to have had Munchausen by proxy. (npr.org)
  • I need a online proxy checker like this: [login to view URL] It needs to check if the proxy is working and the protocol (socks4 socks5 or http) If the proxy is http it checks if the proxy is elite transparent or anonymous (no research needed how i know how to check it) Also gets the proxy country with the free maxmind country database: h. (freelancer.com)
  • Shareholders receive a proxy ballot in the mail along with an information booklet called a proxy statement describing the issues to be voted on, such as electing directors to the board, approving a merger or acquisition, and approving a stock compensation plan. (investopedia.com)
  • Registered investment management companies may also cast proxy votes for the securities in their portfolios, such as on behalf of mutual fund shareholders. (investopedia.com)
  • The proxy statement may request that shareholders approve the auditor report, chief executive officer pay, the election of directors, or more complex issues such as stock option plans, mergers and acquisitions, or other resolutions. (investopedia.com)
  • The enclosed proxy is solicited by the Board of Directors of Amazon.com, Inc. (the Company ) for use at the Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be held at 9:00 a.m. (sec.gov)
  • This Proxy Statement is first being made available via the Internet to our shareholders on or about April 13, 2012. (sec.gov)
  • P roxy advisory firms continue to play an outsized role in corporate governance in the United States, imposing their views of appropriate corporate governance on public companies and their shareholders, and they remain demonstrably influential in how proxy votes are cast. (nasdaq.com)
  • Reuters) - Wal-Mart Stores Inc ( WMT.N ) shareholders should vote against Chief Executive Michael Duke, former CEO Lee Scott and other board nominees, two influential proxy advisory firms said. (reuters.com)
  • Also last week, another proxy adviser, Egan Jones, recommended shareholders withhold their votes for Duke and Scott for their role in the bribery allegations. (reuters.com)
  • The SEC voted 3-2 to propose two approaches aimed at giving shareholders an easier way to influence the composition of the board -- an issue also known as proxy access. (ibtimes.com)
  • SAN FRANCISCO, Feb 7 (Reuters) - Proxy advisory firm Egan-Jones advised Apple Inc shareholders on Friday to reject activist investor Carl Icahn's demand that the iPhone maker expand its stock buyback program, a proposal that will be put to a vote this month. (reuters.com)
  • The board and management team have demonstrated a strong commitment to returning capital to shareholders over the past two years," the firm, the smallest of the three major proxy advisory outfits, said in a report obtained by Reuters on Friday. (reuters.com)
  • Company shareholders generally entrust their votes on matters before the corporation to another shareholder or group, or proxy. (courthousenews.com)
  • Proxy advisor Egan Jones is recommending investors withhold pay from two directors for awarding KB Home's CEO a discretionary bonus of $6 million for a year when the stock dropped 56 percent. (cnbc.com)
  • It is referred to as factitious disorder that is imposed by one individual on another or factitious disorder by proxy. (medicinenet.com)
  • Go into your Proxy Server Admin Tool, browse to the Web Proxy properties, go the the "Routing" tab, and in the "Upstream Routing" area, select "Use Web Proxy or array:" and configure via the "Modify. (techrepublic.com)
  • Also, I don't know if this works with upstream servers that aren't running MS Proxy. (techrepublic.com)
  • Regulation of the proxy solicitation process was one of the original responsibilities assigned to the agency when it was created in 1934. (courthousenews.com)
  • Do not enable proxying until you have secured your server . (apache.org)
  • Somehow my proxy server is restricting apostrophe, is there anyway to overcome this problem in my application? (experts-exchange.com)
  • When a client requests on-demand content, a cache/proxy server can stream the requested content to the client on behalf of the origin server. (microsoft.com)
  • The WMS Cache/Proxy plug-in in Windows Media Services 2008 is used to configure a Windows Media server as a cache/proxy server. (microsoft.com)
  • This plug-in downloads content requested by clients from an origin server to cache storage on the cache/proxy server (the cache directory) for subsequent delivery to clients. (microsoft.com)
  • The Network Service account does not have appropriate permissions for the cache directory on the cache/proxy server. (microsoft.com)
  • The cache index file on the cache/proxy server is missing. (microsoft.com)
  • On the Windows Media cache/proxy server, open Windows Media Services. (microsoft.com)
  • and related modules implement a proxy/gateway for Apache HTTP Server, supporting a number of popular protocols as well as several different load balancing algorithms. (apache.org)
  • In order to get content from the origin server, the client sends a request to the proxy naming the origin server as the target. (apache.org)
  • The proxy then requests the content from the origin server and returns it to the client. (apache.org)
  • Because forward proxies allow clients to access arbitrary sites through your server and to hide their true origin, it is essential that you secure your server so that only authorized clients can access the proxy before activating a forward proxy. (apache.org)
  • A typical usage of a reverse proxy is to provide Internet users access to a server that is behind a firewall. (apache.org)
  • Reverse proxies can also be used to balance load among several back-end servers or to provide caching for a slower back-end server. (apache.org)
  • if the communications request requests communication with a remote server, the layered service provider packaging and forwarding the communications request to a transparent proxy application that receives the communications request in the native protocol, and establishes the requested communication with the remote server. (google.com)
  • a layered service provider to be stored on the client computer to intercept a communications request from the client application program in a native protocol of the communications request and forward the communications request to a transparent proxy that controls communication with the remote server. (google.com)
  • 11. The apparatus as set forth in claim 7 wherein communications between the client application program and the remote server are tunneled bidirectionally through the transparent proxy application. (google.com)
  • You can use Active Directory Federation Services (AD FS) log files to troubleshoot issues with the federation server proxy. (microsoft.com)
  • The WPAD protocol downloads a Proxy Auto-Configuration (PAC) file, /// which is a script that identifies the proxy server to use for a given /// target URL. (codeproject.com)
  • A pointer /// to a string variable that contains the name of the /// proxy server to use when proxy access /// is specified by setting dwAccessType to /// WINHTTP_ACCESS_TYPE_NAMED_PROXY. (codeproject.com)
  • Manually setting their proxy server to the proxy.server.com address works, but not when we use the http:\\proxy.pac. (microsoft.com)
  • An open proxy is a proxy server that is accessible by any Internet user. (wikipedia.org)
  • Generally, a proxy server only allows users within a network group (i.e. a closed proxy) to store and forward Internet services such as DNS or web pages to reduce and control the bandwidth used by the group. (wikipedia.org)
  • An anonymous open proxy is useful to those seeking online anonymity and privacy as it can help users hide their IP address from web servers since the server requests appear to originate from the proxy server. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is possible for a computer to run as an open proxy server without the computer's owner knowing it. (wikipedia.org)
  • An open proxy is a high risk for the server operator: Such services are frequently used to break into foreign computer systems, child pornography[citation needed] is often consumed through proxies, and illegal content is likely to be spread through such proxies. (wikipedia.org)
  • Likewise, a mail server may be configured to automatically test mail senders for open proxies, using software such as proxycheck. (wikipedia.org)
  • This useful little script is not only able to detect if you'er connecting through a proxy server but also check if an particular IP is a proxy or not. (hotscripts.com)
  • Visual Studio then connects to the server, extracts the meta data from the server, and generates a proxy. (codeproject.com)
  • The client uses this proxy to actually connect and call methods on the server. (codeproject.com)
  • When I use Proxy Server, the clients can only browse my ISP's home pages. (techrepublic.com)
  • The usual setup for a stand alone computer is to put "proxy.iol32.com" as the name of the proxy server in IE5 properties. (techrepublic.com)
  • To use Microsoft Proxy Server, I have to put the name of my local proxy server there instead. (techrepublic.com)
  • Where do I put my ISP's proxy server name? (techrepublic.com)
  • This is from work so there is a proxy server that I must go through. (linuxquestions.org)
  • I have made sure that the FTP setting under the proxy server settings is correct and it still can't connect. (linuxquestions.org)
  • Some computers connect to a network or the internet through a proxy server. (bricsys.com)
  • When you use the proxy RADIUS accounting method, the SIC forwards accounting messages to a remote AAA server (accounting target) located in a downstream network element for processing. (juniper.net)
  • set up mysql/mariadb replication with replication-manager from signal18 and setup HA proxy load balance in front of web server. (freelancer.com)
  • 5. setup HA proxy in front of application server (web server) consist of 3 web server. (freelancer.com)
  • As the server use the LAMP stack + Nginx reserve proxy , somehow it seem slow. (freelancer.com)
  • Hello, i`m looking for someone who can help me setting up a huge number of proxy server. (freelancer.com)
  • Additionally I prefer someone who is able to create a script, maybe with squid, which allows me to build multiple proxy server out of one vps. (freelancer.com)
  • have VPS, can you install a proxy server but who has login and password and I can then use it in google chrome or other browser? (freelancer.com)
  • Hello, I'm trying to figure out how to build a proxy that polls the server and updates it's Store. (sencha.com)
  • This package contains a proxy program that passes data back and forth between two connections set up by a UCSPI server and a UCSPI client. (debian.org)
  • Create a web server, and create a forward proxy. (digitalpoint.com)
  • The other approach would amend a federal rule that sets guidelines for whether a company's management can exclude shareholder proposals from the proxy. (ibtimes.com)
  • Once again, the headline-grabbing proposals on this year's proxies will center around executive pay. (cnbc.com)
  • Like anything, once proposals do have some measure of success, then institutional investors who may have been on the sideline in terms of supporting such proposals will tend to look at these a bit more closely and tend to support them," said Bob McCormick of the proxy advisor Glass Lewis. (cnbc.com)
  • SEC Chairman Cox says he'll take another look at the issue this year (the SEC's been "looking at it" since 2003), so AFSCME has submitted proposals seeking proxy access anyway and threatens to sue if these are not included in a company's proxy. (cnbc.com)
  • Major institutional investors have become more engaged in dialogue on both sides of the table - supporting dissidents in proxy contests and shareholder proposals, as well as pushing back on the wave of quick-fire settlements. (jpmorgan.com)
  • The volume of shareholder proposals increased, while the number of proposals excluded declined and the number withdrawn increased, according to an analysis of proxy voting data for companies that held annual general meetings (AGMs) in the January 1-June 30 period during the last five years. (conference-board.org)
  • Data on shareholder proposals, management proposals, and proxy contests are examined and segmented based on market index and industry groups. (conference-board.org)
  • The company or the investor's broker or bank sends each shareholder information stating whether proxy materials are available online, which typically includes an annual report, proxy statement and a proxy card with voting instructions. (investopedia.com)
  • Because abstaining from voting may or may not affect whether a director is elected, the company's proxy statement must detail how abstained or withheld votes affect the voting results. (investopedia.com)
  • As with majority vote, the result of abstaining from voting is disclosed in the company's proxy statement. (investopedia.com)
  • Sending in your proxy will not prevent you from voting your stock at the meeting if you desire to do so, as your proxy is revocable at your option. (sec.gov)
  • The California State Teachers' Retirement System (CalSTRS) today announced overwhelming corporate governance success during the 2014 proxy season, as 86 of the 93 companies it engaged adopted a majority voting standard in corporate board elections. (prweb.com)
  • 4. PROXY STATEMENT General Information Proxies and Voting at the Meeting The Board of Directors of McKesson Corporation (the quot;quot;Company'' or quot;quot;we'' or quot;quot;us''), a Delaware corporation, is soliciting proxies to be voted at the Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be held July 30, 2003 (the quot;quot;Meeting''), and at any adjournment or postponement of the Meeting. (slideshare.net)
  • If you requested a paper copy of a proxy card by mail, you may submit your proxy or voting instruction card for the annual meeting by completing, signing, dating and returning your proxy card in the pre-addressed envelope provided. (wikinvest.com)
  • Rep. Kevin McCarthy (R., Calif.) was set to lead a legal challenge to voting by proxy in the House. (wsj.com)
  • Republicans argue proxy voting, which was passed by Democrats with no GOP support, is unconstitutional. (wsj.com)
  • My wife has had two heart surgeries so proxy voting gives me the opportunity to mitigate that risk" to her, he said. (wsj.com)
  • The guidance is intended to promote transparency in the processes leading to vote recommendations and the development of proxy voting guidelines, and to foster understanding among market participants about the activities of proxy advisory firms. (lexology.com)
  • The agency is particularly concerned with the third parties, and is asking if investors have had difficulty with any of them and if the investors have confidence that voting rights they have granted by proxy are being used according to terms by which they agreed to grant their proxy. (courthousenews.com)
  • We urge you to vote FOR continued shareholder value creation and FOR the nominees proposed by the Board by voting on the enclosed WHITE proxy today. (prnewswire.com)
  • On November 22, 2017, Glass Lewis issued its updated proxy voting guidelines for the upcoming 2018 proxy season. (jdsupra.com)
  • Features include advanced tor node and anonymous proxy detection with both IPv4 and IPv6 supported. (hotscripts.com)
  • Scientists at the USGS are using a long-running sediment trap (2008-2018+) in the northern Gulf of Mexico to calibrate foraminifera, biomarker, and other micropaleontological proxies for use in climate reconstructions. (usgs.gov)
  • This knowledge is required to develop robust proxy relationships for high quality paleoclimatic reconstructions. (awi.de)
  • Just in time for the 2018 proxy season, the Securities and Exchange Commission released guidance on the ordinary business and economic relevance exceptions under Rule 14a-8. (jdsupra.com)
  • As a demilitarized zone (DMZ)-based proxy, Secure Proxy uses multi-factor authentication, SSL session breaks, closing of inbound firewall holes, protocol inspection and other controls to ensure the security of your trusted zone. (ibm.com)
  • Concrete subclasses of Proxy specify how this external object it accessed (e.g. by specifying location of the object, the used protocol to access it, and any authentication materials required). (eclipse.org)
  • Select this check box if your proxy requires authentication. (jetbrains.com)
  • However, it also passes the authentication context of the primary proxy in the request header. (microsoft.com)
  • The proxy advice market is dominated by two firms-Institutional Shareholder Services (ISS) and Glass Lewis-which collectively control 97% of the industry. (uschamber.com)
  • We are pleased to take advantage of U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission rules that allow issuers to furnish proxy materials to their stockholders on the Internet. (wikinvest.com)
  • On April 30, 2015, the Canadian Securities Administrators ( CSA ) adopted National Policy 25-201 Guidance for Proxy Advisory Firms (the Policy ). (lexology.com)
  • WASHINGTON (CN) - The Security and Exchange Commission is asking the public if the U.S. securities proxy system operates up to expectations and what regulatory changes should be made where the system falls short. (courthousenews.com)
  • CP ) today filed the Company's management proxy circular with the Canadian securities regulatory authorities on SEDAR. (prnewswire.com)
  • Rather than physically attending the shareholder meeting, most investors vote by proxy. (investopedia.com)
  • Even if you plan to attend the meeting, we hope that you will promptly vote by proxy over the Internet or by telephone. (wikinvest.com)
  • Democrats defended their decision to vote by proxy, saying it was a common-sense move that would minimize the risk to lawmakers and their staff, as well as people they come in contact with while traveling. (wsj.com)
  • Glass Lewis, the second-largest proxy adviser, recommended a vote for Walton. (reuters.com)
  • Influential proxy adviser CGI Glass Lewis has backed an activist investor group in calling for Woodside Petroleum and Santos to report on how they will manage spending to align with Paris climate goals, significantly escalating pressure on the oil and gas producers to cut emissions. (afr.com)
  • I need a basic proxy tester to be made, attached is a template. (freelancer.com)
  • outside of united states, I made orders last year from websites like macys and express and calvinklien without issues using my squid proxy but today my orders need a call verification anyone have solutions to make sure my proxy be like normal ip and skip the verification? (freelancer.com)
  • I would like to have a Raspberry setted up as a proxy (squid should be a good choice), to the raspberry i will attach 'X' USB 4G dongles and i want a proxy made out of each usb attached, with his own username and password and i want to be able to access them from my vps. (freelancer.com)
  • ts.openwall.com Subject: Re: Squid HTTP proxy CVE request -----BEGIN PGP SIGNED MESSAGE----- Hash: SHA1 On 10/07/2015 8:47 a.m. (openwall.com)
  • Companies see little change in proxy advisory firms' conflicts of interest or issue expertise - Only 35% of companies believed the proxy advisory firm carefully researched the issue on which it provided advice. (nasdaq.com)
  • The recommendations of the proxy advisory firms may have limited impact, as the family of Wal-Mart founder Sam Walton owns almost 50 percent of the company's stock. (reuters.com)
  • The Policy provides non-prescriptive and non-exhaustive guidance on recommended practices and disclosure for proxy advisory firms. (lexology.com)
  • The guidance is a response by the CSA to certain concerns about the services of proxy advisory firms and their potential impact on Canadian capital markets. (lexology.com)
  • In June 2012, the CSA opened up these concerns for public discussion with the Consultation Paper 25-401 Potential Regulation of Proxy Advisory Firms . (lexology.com)
  • As a result, we are mailing to our stockholders a Notice Regarding the Availability of Proxy Materials instead of a paper copy of this proxy statement and our 2008 Annual Report. (wikinvest.com)
  • More than 140 companies participated in the 2017 joint Nasdaq-Chamber proxy season survey. (nasdaq.com)
  • Groups of IRC and electronic mail operators run DNSBLs publishing lists of the IP addresses of known open proxies, such as AHBL, CBL, NJABL (till 2013), and SORBS (since 2002). (wikipedia.org)
  • The client makes ordinary requests for content in the namespace of the reverse proxy. (apache.org)
  • The reverse proxy then decides where to send those requests and returns the content as if it were itself the origin. (apache.org)
  • PAC files are Proxy Automatic Configuration files, which define a proxy for a specific URL. (codeproject.com)
  • 1. 200 Broadacres Drive, 3rd Floor Bloomfield, NJ 07003 P: 973.873.7700 F: 973.338.1430 www.allianceadvisorsllc.com The Shareholder Communication Strategists 2012 Proxy Season: Audit Firm Rotation In the wake of the financial crisis, regulators and shareholder activists alike have been revisiting the issue of auditor independence with a view towards requiring companies to periodically rotate their outside audit firms. (slideshare.net)
  • Climate change is the number one social concern for investors this proxy season," said McGurn. (cnbc.com)
  • Toggle OS X's automatic proxy on and off. (macupdate.com)
  • Toggle Automatic Proxy is an application that allows you to toggle the automatic proxy on and off by running the application successively. (macupdate.com)
  • For running, you can assign a shortcut or use other software to toggle the automatic proxy on and off (recommended: jitouch). (macupdate.com)
  • Toggle Automatic Proxy needs a review. (macupdate.com)
  • In the WMS Cache Proxy Properties dialog box, on the Cache tab, note the cache directory path value in Cache Directory Path . (microsoft.com)
  • In the Activate Bricsys or the License Information dialog, click the Proxy Settings. (bricsys.com)
  • The Proxy dialog opens. (bricsys.com)
  • In the Proxy dialog, fill out the necessary fields. (bricsys.com)
  • Click the Edit Network Options button and specify the proxy settings in the Edit Subversion Options Related to Network Layers dialog box that opens. (jetbrains.com)
  • In order to do so, they found a subject who had been convicted for child molestation because she has Munchausen's syndrome by proxy. (scienceblogs.com)
  • First, Munchausen's syndrome by proxy (MBP) is a disease (or syndrome or whatever you want to call it) where the individual -- nearly always a mother -- deliberately does things to their child in order to get attention from medical professionals. (scienceblogs.com)
  • The law has long seen the likes of Munchausen's Syndrome , Factitious Disorder , Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, ADHD and the virtually synonymous condition of Munchausen's syndrome by proxy (see Legal Definiytion of MUnchausen's Syndrome ). (duhaime.org)
  • I need usa real static proxy like AT&T orVerizon [login to view URL] proxy need to accepted all site workable.I need it [login to view URL] contact me as soon as possible. (freelancer.com)
  • In order to run the application you need to put the proxy.pac file into your home directory for the default web site. (codeproject.com)
  • Description: Proxy Site is a Free Anonymous Proxy Site you can use to browse blocked websites from school, work, the library, or any other firewall protected place. (amazonaws.com)
  • The change, made earlier this month, means one member in the Capitol can cast proxy votes on behalf of as many as 10 members who stayed home. (wsj.com)
  • An App Proxy references an h:Agent (usually a p:Person) that an App (a PDS add-on) can use for local storage. (eclipse.org)
  • All these samples are based on static generated service references or proxies. (codeproject.com)
  • Examples of proxies are δ 18 O (for temperature and the waxing and waning of ice sheets), Mg/Ca for temperature, δ 13 C can be used as a measure for the strength of the biological pump and δ 11 B is a proxy for pH. (awi.de)
  • The examples seems to suggest that I should add a listener to the proxy that fires off a poll event. (sencha.com)
  • Proxy indicators typically must be calibrated against modern instrumental information to yield a quantitative reconstruction of past climate. (realclimate.org)
  • We're going to see numerous 'vote no' campaigns aimed at directors, typically members of audit or risk committees at some of the larger financial services firms as well as some of the mortgage lenders and the homebuilders," said Pat McGurn of proxy advisor RiskMetrics. (cnbc.com)
  • If the account in the New York Times is accurate, the decision by Scott and Duke to enable executives implicated in the bribery allegations to conduct the company's investigation into those allegations reflects a staggering lack of judgment," ISS, the largest proxy adviser, wrote in recommending votes against Duke, Scott, chairman Robson Walton and Christopher Williams, chairman of the board's audit committee. (reuters.com)
  • IBM Secure Proxy helps secure and shield your trusted network by preventing direct connectivity between external partners and internal servers. (ibm.com)
  • The client must be specially configured to use the forward proxy to access other sites. (apache.org)
  • A typical usage of a forward proxy is to provide Internet access to internal clients that are otherwise restricted by a firewall. (apache.org)
  • There are two built-in workers: the default forward proxy worker and the default reverse proxy worker. (apache.org)
  • Anonymous Proxy Sites? (zonealarm.com)
  • I'm interested in furthering my online security by investigating anonymous proxy sites where someone would not be able to trace me back to my UserAgent , Host Name or, in some cases I've found when running an ~~ SNIP ~~ ( go ahead - take the test yourself ), my telephone Area Code (that's getting just a little too close to home to suit me). (zonealarm.com)
  • I'd like my information to be secreted by the use of an Anonymous Proxy and, since this is all new to me, would like to hear some recommendations on how to best hide my Electronic Identity . (zonealarm.com)
  • Select this check box to manually specify the location of the proxy settings file, in case WebStorm does not find it automatically. (jetbrains.com)
  • According to financial services provider Broadridge, just over half of the 600 billion shares voted at more than 13,000 shareholder meetings in 2009 were voted by proxy. (courthousenews.com)
  • A (abstract) proxy for an object that is stored external to the local data store. (eclipse.org)
  • PHP Warning: mysqlnd_uh_set_statement_proxy(): (Mysqlnd User Handler) The plugin has been disabled by setting the configuration parameter mysqlnd_uh.enable = false. (php.net)
  • Click this radio button to enable using an auto-configuration URL to configure the web proxy settings. (jetbrains.com)
  • Click this radio button to enable manual proxy configuration. (jetbrains.com)
  • SAP Messaging Proxy 365 is a cloud-based service that separates application-to-person (A2P) and person-to-person (P2P) traffic from a single, aggregated messaging stream and routes them to the appropriate platform for more accurate delivery to subscribers and invoicing to enable operators to increase traffic volume, reach millions of mobile subscribers, and grow revenue. (sap.com)
  • Overview: A tool to troubleshoot and fix the system created CASA key: common-proxy-casa Symptom: Can not install a product because the oes common proxy user fails to authenticate. (novell.com)
  • The oes common proxy user's password was set/changed in iManager and now services dependent on the proxy user fail to start. (novell.com)
  • With an open proxy, however, any user on the Internet is able to use this forwarding service. (wikipedia.org)
  • Specify the name of the user on whose behalf WebStorm will connect to the proxy. (jetbrains.com)
  • I need an app built in electron (mac / windows) that will assist in switching proxies for the user. (freelancer.com)
  • set proxy fire - download at 4shared. (4shared.com)
  • To download HotspotShield VPN & Wifi Proxy from the Mac App Store, you need a Mac with OS X 10.6.6 or later. (apple.com)
  • In the auto configuration script area on a working machine entering the http:\\proxy.pac in the address bar prompts for you to download/open the pac. (microsoft.com)
  • Companies are sweating the details of executive-pay disclosures in their proxy statements a little bit more this year, for fear they could be the next targets of a recent wave of lawsuits claiming boards of directors aren't giving investors enough information. (wsj.com)
  • It detects the anonymity level of HTTP and version of protocol of SOCKS proxies. (tucows.com)
  • A transparent proxy application listening on the predetermined port receives the communications request in the native protocol of the request and establishes the requested communication. (google.com)
  • This function implements the Web Proxy Auto-Discovery (WPAD) protocol /// for automatically configuring the proxy settings for an HTTP request. (codeproject.com)
  • Network Working Group S. Gundavelli, Ed. Request for Comments: 5213 K. Leung Category: Standards Track Cisco V. Devarapalli Wichorus K. Chowdhury Starent Networks B. Patil Nokia August 2008 Proxy Mobile IPv6 Status of This Memo This document specifies an Internet standards track protocol for the Internet community, and requests discussion and suggestions for improvements. (rfc-editor.org)
  • This specification describes a network-based mobility management protocol and is referred to as Proxy Mobile IPv6. (rfc-editor.org)
  • In addition, reverse proxies can be used simply to bring several servers into the same URL space. (apache.org)
  • on in order to configure a reverse proxy. (apache.org)
  • You can also force a request to be handled as a reverse-proxy request, by creating a suitable Handler pass-through. (apache.org)
  • also, I have no clue how to use an ftp client to access via this reverse proxy. (experts-exchange.com)
  • I need skilled freelancer to configure End to End Netscaler ADC as a ADFS Proxy & Reverse Proxy . (freelancer.com)
  • Hello, I a looking for you to make me a reverse proxy with caching that can handle thousands of connections at once. (freelancer.com)
  • Charles is an HTTP proxy / HTTP monitor / Reverse Proxy that enables a developer to view all of the HTTP traffic between their machine and the Internet. (darknet.org.uk)
  • Species specificity, various vital effects, controlled by abiotic factors like light intensity, nutrient availability, carbonate chemistry, etc., but also by the life processes of the proxy carrier, such as respiration, calcification and photosynthesis of possible symbionts complicate their interpretation. (awi.de)
  • Click this radio button to connect to the Internet without a proxy. (jetbrains.com)
  • CONNECT is a generic instruction for the proxy to setup a TCP tunnel. (openwall.com)