Infections with unicellular organisms formerly members of the subkingdom Protozoa.
Infections of the INTESTINES with PARASITES, commonly involving PARASITIC WORMS. Infections with roundworms (NEMATODE INFECTIONS) and tapeworms (CESTODE INFECTIONS) are also known as HELMINTHIASIS.
Commonly known as parasitic worms, this group includes the ACANTHOCEPHALA; NEMATODA; and PLATYHELMINTHS. Some authors consider certain species of LEECHES that can become temporarily parasitic as helminths.
Infestation with parasitic worms of the helminth class.
A species of parasitic EUKARYOTES that attaches itself to the intestinal mucosa and feeds on mucous secretions. The organism is roughly pear-shaped and motility is somewhat erratic, with a slow oscillation about the long axis.
I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Yemen" is not a medical term and does not have a medical definition. Yemen is a country located in the southern part of the Arabian Peninsula, in Western Asia. If you have any questions related to medical conditions, symptoms, or terminology, I would be happy to help clarify those for you.
A supergroup (some say phylum) of ameboid EUKARYOTES, comprising ARCHAMOEBAE; LOBOSEA; and MYCETOZOA.
A species of parasitic protozoa causing ENTAMOEBIASIS and amebic dysentery (DYSENTERY, AMEBIC). Characteristics include a single nucleus containing a small central karyosome and peripheral chromatin that is finely and regularly beaded.
Infection with amoebae of the genus ENTAMOEBA. Infection with E. histolytica causes DYSENTERY, AMEBIC and LIVER ABSCESS, AMEBIC.
An infection of the SMALL INTESTINE caused by the flagellated protozoan GIARDIA LAMBLIA. It is spread via contaminated food and water and by direct person-to-person contact.
One of the three domains of life (the others being BACTERIA and ARCHAEA), also called Eukarya. These are organisms whose cells are enclosed in membranes and possess a nucleus. They comprise almost all multicellular and many unicellular organisms, and are traditionally divided into groups (sometimes called kingdoms) including ANIMALS; PLANTS; FUNGI; and various algae and other taxa that were previously part of the old kingdom Protista.
Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.
Intestinal infection with organisms of the genus CRYPTOSPORIDIUM. It occurs in both animals and humans. Symptoms include severe DIARRHEA.
Infections with unicellular organisms formerly members of the subkingdom Protozoa. The infections may be experimental or veterinary.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Proteins found in any species of protozoan.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of protozoa.
A phylum of EUKARYOTES characterized by the presence of cilia at some time during the life cycle. It comprises three classes: KINETOFRAGMINOPHOREA; OLIGOHYMENOPHOREA; and POLYMENOPHOREA.
The functional hereditary units of protozoa.
Ribonucleic acid in protozoa having regulatory and catalytic roles as well as involvement in protein synthesis.
The complete genetic complement contained in a set of CHROMOSOMES in a protozoan.

Enteropathogens and other factors associated with severe disease in children with acute watery diarrhea in Lima, Peru. (1/391)

To evaluate enteropathogens and other factors associated with severe disease in children with diarrhea, 381 children <5 years of age with diarrhea and moderate to severe dehydration (in-patients) and 381 age-, sex-, and date-of-visit-matched children with mild diarrhea (out-patients) presenting to a hospital in Peru, were studied. Rotavirus was detected in 52% of the in-patients and 35% of the out-patients (odds ratio [OR]=2.3, 95% confidence interval [95% CI]= 1.6-3.2); 95% of the rotaviruses among in-patients were of serotypes G1-G4. The risk of severe diarrhea was particularly great in children who were not exclusively breast-fed in early infancy and who also lacked piped water in their homes (for children with both characteristics OR=6.8, 95% CI=3.6-12.8). The high prevalence of rotavirus and its association with severe diarrhea underscores the need for rotavirus vaccines. Interventions to educate mothers and improve access to safe water should augment the impact of rotavirus vaccines in preventing severe diarrhea.  (+info)

Microbiological safety of drinking water: United States and global perspectives. (2/391)

Waterborne disease statistics only begin to estimate the global burden of infectious diseases from contaminated drinking water. Diarrheal disease is dramatically underreported and etiologies seldom diagnosed. This review examines available data on waterborne disease incidence both in the United States and globally together with its limitations. The waterborne route of transmission is examined for bacterial, protozoal, and viral pathogens that either are frequently associated with drinking water (e.g., Shigella spp.), or for which there is strong evidence implicating the waterborne route of transmission (e.g., Leptospira spp.). In addition, crucial areas of research are discussed, including risks from selection of treatment-resistant pathogens, importance of environmental reservoirs, and new methodologies for pathogen-specific monitoring. To accurately assess risks from waterborne disease, it is necessary to understand pathogen distribution and survival strategies within water distribution systems and to apply methodologies that can detect not only the presence, but also the viability and infectivity of the pathogen.  (+info)

Possible estuary-associated syndrome. (3/391)

Pfiesteria piscicida (Pp) is an estuarine dinoflagellate that has been associated with fish kill events in estuaries along the eastern seaboard and possibly with human health effects. CDC, in collaboration with other federal, state, and local government agencies and academic institutions, is conducting multistate surveillance, epidemiologic studies, and laboratory research for possible estuary-associated syndrome (PEAS), including possible Pp-related human illness.  (+info)

Intensity of infection in AIDS-related intestinal microsporidiosis. (4/391)

To quantify intensity of infection in AIDS-related microsporidiosis, 20 patients with known microsporidiosis submitted stools for quantitative spore counts after staining with a calcofluor white stain. Nine patients collected stools for 24 h, for assessment of daily spore excretion, stool-to-stool variation in spore excretion, and patient-to-patient variation in intensity of infection. The number of organisms seen in small bowel biopsy specimens from 7 patients was compared with quantitative fecal spore excretion. Fecal spore concentration in 20 patients ranged from 4.5x105 to 4.4x108 spores/mL of stool. There was a strong correlation between fecal spore excretion and duodenal biopsy spore counts (r=.82; P<.024). Microsporidium infections in AIDS patients can be quantified by counting spores in stool and by small bowel biopsy. Variations in intensity of infection from patient to patient are great and are similar to those in AIDS-related Cryptosporidium infection.  (+info)

Demonstration of Tritrichomonas foetus in the external genitalia and of specific antibodies in preputial secretions of naturally infected bulls. (5/391)

Portions of penis and prepuce were collected from 24 bulls with current or recent Tritrichomonas foetus infection. Epididymides were collected from seven of the bulls, and seminal vesicles and prostate were collected from four. Following immunohistochemical staining with two monoclonal antibodies (34.7C4.4 and TF1.15) prepared against T. foetus surface antigens, trichomonads were identified in sections from 15 of the bulls. Organisms were most often located in penile crypts in the midshaft and caudal regions and less often in preputial crypts. Trichomonads were not observed in sections from other genitalia or in subepithelial tissue. T. foetus antigen, however, was present in the cytoplasm of some epithelial cells and the cytoplasm of some mononuclear cells in subepithelial lymphoid aggregates and follicles. Preputial smegma was collected from 16 T. foetus-infected bulls and from 16 control bulls with negative T. foetus cultures. Preputial antibody levels to TF1.17, a surface antigen of T. foetus, were determined by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Preputial secretions from infected bulls contained specific antibody of each isotype and subisotype tested. IgG1 responses were the greatest, IgM and IgA responses were approximately equal, and IgG2 responses were low. Each isotype and subisotype response in infected bulls was significantly greater than that in the controls. These results confirm previous speculation concerning anatomical sites of infection and suggest that parasite antigen can be taken up and processed locally, resulting in deposition of specific IgG1, IgG2, IgA, and IgM antibodies in the preputial cavity.  (+info)

The therapeutic use of isometamidium chloride against Cryptobia salmositica in rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss. (6/391)

Rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss injected intramuscularly with isometamidium chloride (0.01 or 0.1 mg kg-1) at 3 wk post-infection and given a booster 2 wk later had significantly lower parasitaemias than infected controls. Packed cell volume increased after treatment and remained higher than in infected controls. The concentration of isometamidium in plasma was highest at 2 wk after injection and then declined. An intramuscular dose of 1.0 mg kg-1 of isometamidium chloride at 1, 2 and 3 wk postinfection (preclinical) significantly reduced the parasitaemia in rainbow trout 2 wk after treatment. A booster at 9 wk postinfection (chronic disease phase) reduced the parasitaemia further in all fish. The packed cell volume in these fish was higher than in infected controls. Treatment at 5, 6, and 7 wk postinfection (acute disease) had no effects and parasitaemias in treated fish were higher than in infected controls; also, anti-Cryptobia salmositica antibodies and titres of complement-fixing antibody were higher in these than in infected controls. Incubation of immune plasma or complement with isometamidium for 3 h did not affect the lytic titres of complement-fixing antibodies nor rainbow trout complement.  (+info)

Evaluation of Streck tissue fixative, a nonformalin fixative for preservation of stool samples and subsequent parasitologic examination. (7/391)

We undertook a study to evaluate Streck tissue fixative (STF) as a substitute for formalin and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) in fecal preservation. A comparison of formalin, PVA, (mercuric chloride based), and STF was done by aliquoting fecal samples into each fixative. Stool specimens were collected in Haiti, and parasites included Cyclospora cayetanensis, Giardia intestinalis, Entamoeba coli, Iodamoeba butschlii, Endolimax nana, Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura, Strongyloides stercoralis, and Necator americanus. Preserved stools were examined at various predetermined times (1 week, 1 month, and 3 months) to establish the quality of the initial preservation as well as the suitability of the fixative for long-term storage. At each time point, stool samples in fixatives were examined microscopically as follows: (i) in wet mounts (with bright-field and epifluorescence microscopy), (ii) in modified acid-fast-, trichrome-, and safranin-stained smears, and (iii) with two commercial test kits. At the time points examined, morphologic features remained comparable for samples fixed with 10% formalin and STF. For comparisons of STF- and 10% formalin-fixed samples, specific findings showed that Cyclospora oocysts retained full fluorescence, modified acid-fast- and safranin-stained smears of Cryptosporidium and Cyclospora oocysts were equal in staining quality, and results were comparable in the immunofluorescence assay and enzyme immunoassay commercial kits. Stool fixed in STF and stained with trichrome showed less-than-acceptable staining quality compared with stool fixed in PVA. STF provides an excellent substitute for formalin as a fixative in routine examination of stool samples for parasites. However, modifications to the trichrome staining procedures will be necessary to improve the staining quality for protozoal cysts fixed in STF to a level comparable to that with PVA.  (+info)

Conservation of a gliding motility and cell invasion machinery in Apicomplexan parasites. (8/391)

Most Apicomplexan parasites, including the human pathogens Plasmodium, Toxoplasma, and Cryptosporidium, actively invade host cells and display gliding motility, both actions powered by parasite microfilaments. In Plasmodium sporozoites, thrombospondin-related anonymous protein (TRAP), a member of a group of Apicomplexan transmembrane proteins that have common adhesion domains, is necessary for gliding motility and infection of the vertebrate host. Here, we provide genetic evidence that TRAP is directly involved in a capping process that drives both sporozoite gliding and cell invasion. We also demonstrate that TRAP-related proteins in other Apicomplexa fulfill the same function and that their cytoplasmic tails interact with homologous partners in the respective parasite. Therefore, a mechanism of surface redistribution of TRAP-related proteins driving gliding locomotion and cell invasion is conserved among Apicomplexan parasites.  (+info)

Protozoan infections are diseases caused by microscopic, single-celled organisms known as protozoa. These parasites can enter the human body through contaminated food, water, or contact with an infected person or animal. Once inside the body, they can multiply and cause a range of symptoms depending on the type of protozoan and where it infects in the body. Some common protozoan infections include malaria, giardiasis, amoebiasis, and toxoplasmosis. Symptoms can vary widely but may include diarrhea, abdominal pain, fever, fatigue, and skin rashes. Treatment typically involves the use of antiprotozoal medications to kill the parasites and alleviate symptoms.

Parasitic intestinal diseases are disorders caused by microscopic parasites that invade the gastrointestinal tract, specifically the small intestine. These parasites include protozoa (single-celled organisms) and helminths (parasitic worms). The most common protozoan parasites that cause intestinal disease are Giardia lamblia, Cryptosporidium parvum, and Entamoeba histolytica. Common helminthic parasites include roundworms (Ascaris lumbricoides), tapeworms (Taenia saginata and Taenia solium), hookworms (Ancylostoma duodenale and Necator americanus), and pinworms (Enterobius vermicularis).

Parasitic intestinal diseases can cause a variety of symptoms, including diarrhea, abdominal pain, bloating, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, and weight loss. The severity and duration of the symptoms depend on the type of parasite, the number of organisms present, and the immune status of the host.

Transmission of these parasites can occur through various routes, including contaminated food and water, person-to-person contact, and contact with contaminated soil or feces. Preventive measures include practicing good hygiene, washing hands thoroughly after using the toilet and before handling food, cooking food thoroughly, and avoiding consumption of raw or undercooked meat, poultry, or seafood.

Treatment of parasitic intestinal diseases typically involves the use of antiparasitic medications that target the specific parasite causing the infection. In some cases, supportive care such as fluid replacement and symptom management may also be necessary.

Helminths are a type of parasitic worm that can infect humans and animals. They are multi-cellular organisms that belong to the phyla Platyhelminthes (flatworms) or Nematoda (roundworms). Helminths can be further classified into three main groups: nematodes (roundworms), cestodes (tapeworms), and trematodes (flukes).

Helminth infections are typically acquired through contact with contaminated soil, food, or water. The symptoms of helminth infections can vary widely depending on the type of worm and the location and extent of the infection. Some common symptoms include abdominal pain, diarrhea, anemia, and malnutrition.

Helminths have complex life cycles that often involve multiple hosts. They can be difficult to diagnose and treat, and in some cases, may require long-term treatment with anti-parasitic drugs. Preventive measures such as good hygiene practices, proper sanitation, and access to clean water can help reduce the risk of helminth infections.

Helminthiasis is a medical condition characterized by the infection and infestation of body tissues and organs by helminths, which are parasitic worms. These worms can be classified into three main groups: nematodes (roundworms), cestodes (tapeworms), and trematodes (flukes).

Helminthiasis infections can occur through various modes of transmission, such as ingestion of contaminated food or water, skin contact with contaminated soil, or direct contact with an infected person or animal. The severity of the infection depends on several factors, including the type and number of worms involved, the duration of the infestation, and the overall health status of the host.

Common symptoms of helminthiasis include abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, weight loss, anemia, and nutritional deficiencies. In severe cases, the infection can lead to organ damage or failure, impaired growth and development in children, and even death.

Diagnosis of helminthiasis typically involves microscopic examination of stool samples to identify the presence and type of worms. Treatment usually consists of administering anthelmintic drugs that are effective against specific types of worms. Preventive measures include improving sanitation and hygiene, avoiding contact with contaminated soil or water, and practicing safe food handling and preparation.

"Giardia lamblia," also known as "Giardia duodenalis" or "Giardia intestinalis," is a species of microscopic parasitic protozoan that colonizes and reproduces in the small intestine of various vertebrates, including humans. It is the most common cause of human giardiasis, a diarrheal disease. The trophozoite (feeding form) of Giardia lamblia has a distinctive tear-drop shape and possesses flagella for locomotion. It attaches to the intestinal epithelium, disrupting the normal function of the small intestine and leading to various gastrointestinal symptoms such as diarrhea, stomach cramps, nausea, and dehydration. Giardia lamblia is typically transmitted through the fecal-oral route, often via contaminated food or water.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Yemen" is not a medical term. It is a country located in the southern part of the Arabian Peninsula in Western Asia. If you have any questions about medical conditions, treatments, or health-related topics, I would be happy to help with those!

Amoebozoa is a supergroup of unicellular eukaryotic organisms that includes various kinds of amoebas and slime molds. These organisms are characterized by the presence of lobose pseudopodia, which are temporary protrusions of cytoplasm used for locomotion and feeding. Amoebozoa is a diverse group with over 9,000 described species, including both free-living and symbiotic forms. Some amoebozoans can form multicellular structures during their life cycle, such as slime molds, which are known for their complex behaviors and social interactions. The study of Amoebozoa is important for understanding the evolutionary history and diversity of eukaryotic organisms.

'Entamoeba histolytica' is a species of microscopic, single-celled protozoan parasites that can cause a range of human health problems, primarily in the form of intestinal and extra-intestinal infections. The medical definition of 'Entamoeba histolytica' is as follows:

Entamoeba histolytica: A species of pathogenic protozoan parasites belonging to the family Entamoebidae, order Amoebida, and phylum Sarcomastigophora. These microorganisms are typically found in the form of cysts or trophozoites and can infect humans through the ingestion of contaminated food, water, or feces.

Once inside the human body, 'Entamoeba histolytica' parasites can colonize the large intestine, where they may cause a range of symptoms, from mild diarrhea to severe dysentery, depending on the individual's immune response and the location of the infection. In some cases, these parasites can also invade other organs, such as the liver, lungs, or brain, leading to more serious health complications.

The life cycle of 'Entamoeba histolytica' involves two main stages: the cyst stage and the trophozoite stage. The cysts are the infective form, which can be transmitted from person to person through fecal-oral contact or by ingesting contaminated food or water. Once inside the human body, these cysts excyst in the small intestine, releasing the motile and feeding trophozoites.

The trophozoites then migrate to the large intestine, where they can multiply by binary fission and cause tissue damage through their ability to phagocytize host cells and release cytotoxic substances. Some of these trophozoites may transform back into cysts, which are excreted in feces and can then infect other individuals.

Diagnosis of 'Entamoeba histolytica' infection typically involves the examination of stool samples for the presence of cysts or trophozoites, as well as serological tests to detect antibodies against the parasite. Treatment usually involves the use of antiparasitic drugs such as metronidazole or tinidazole, which can kill the trophozoites and help to control the infection. However, it is important to note that these drugs do not affect the cysts, so proper sanitation and hygiene measures are crucial to prevent the spread of the parasite.

Entamoebiasis is a parasitic infection caused by the protozoan Entamoeba histolytica. It can affect various organs, but the most common site of infection is the large intestine (colon), leading to symptoms such as diarrhea, stomach pain, and cramping. In severe cases, it may cause invasive disease, including amoebic dysentery or extraintestinal infections like liver abscesses.

The life cycle of Entamoeba histolytica involves two stages: the infective cyst stage and the proliferative trophozoite stage. Transmission occurs through ingestion of contaminated food, water, or hands containing cysts. Once inside the human body, these cysts excyst in the small intestine, releasing trophozoites that colonize the large intestine and cause disease.

Entamoebiasis is more prevalent in areas with poor sanitation and hygiene practices. Preventive measures include proper handwashing, safe food handling, and access to clean water. Treatment typically involves antiparasitic medications such as metronidazole or tinidazole.

Giardiasis is a digestive infection caused by the microscopic parasite Giardia intestinalis, also known as Giardia lamblia or Giardia duodenalis. The parasite is found worldwide, especially in areas with poor sanitation and unsafe water.

The infection typically occurs after ingesting contaminated water, food, or surfaces that have been exposed to fecal matter containing the cyst form of the parasite. Once inside the body, the cysts transform into trophozoites, which attach to the lining of the small intestine and cause symptoms such as diarrhea, stomach cramps, nausea, dehydration, and greasy stools that may float due to excess fat.

In some cases, giardiasis can lead to lactose intolerance and malabsorption of nutrients, resulting in weight loss and vitamin deficiencies. The infection is usually diagnosed through a stool sample test and treated with antibiotics such as metronidazole or tinidazole. Preventive measures include practicing good hygiene, avoiding contaminated water and food, and washing hands regularly.

Eukaryota is a domain that consists of organisms whose cells have a true nucleus and complex organelles. This domain includes animals, plants, fungi, and protists. The term "eukaryote" comes from the Greek words "eu," meaning true or good, and "karyon," meaning nut or kernel. In eukaryotic cells, the genetic material is housed within a membrane-bound nucleus, and the DNA is organized into chromosomes. This is in contrast to prokaryotic cells, which do not have a true nucleus and have their genetic material dispersed throughout the cytoplasm.

Eukaryotic cells are generally larger and more complex than prokaryotic cells. They have many different organelles, including mitochondria, chloroplasts, endoplasmic reticulum, and Golgi apparatus, that perform specific functions to support the cell's metabolism and survival. Eukaryotic cells also have a cytoskeleton made up of microtubules, actin filaments, and intermediate filaments, which provide structure and shape to the cell and allow for movement of organelles and other cellular components.

Eukaryotes are diverse and can be found in many different environments, ranging from single-celled organisms that live in water or soil to multicellular organisms that live on land or in aquatic habitats. Some eukaryotes are unicellular, meaning they consist of a single cell, while others are multicellular, meaning they consist of many cells that work together to form tissues and organs.

In summary, Eukaryota is a domain of organisms whose cells have a true nucleus and complex organelles. This domain includes animals, plants, fungi, and protists, and the eukaryotic cells are generally larger and more complex than prokaryotic cells.

Feces are the solid or semisolid remains of food that could not be digested or absorbed in the small intestine, along with bacteria and other waste products. After being stored in the colon, feces are eliminated from the body through the rectum and anus during defecation. Feces can vary in color, consistency, and odor depending on a person's diet, health status, and other factors.

Cryptosporidiosis is a diarrheal disease caused by microscopic parasites called Cryptosporidium. The parasites are found in the feces of infected animals and humans. People can become infected with Cryptosporidium by ingesting contaminated water or food, or by coming into contact with infected persons or animals.

The infection can cause a wide range of symptoms, including watery diarrhea, stomach cramps, nausea, vomiting, fever, and dehydration. In people with weakened immune systems, such as those with HIV/AIDS, the infection can be severe and even life-threatening.

Cryptosporidiosis is typically treated with increased fluid intake to prevent dehydration, and in some cases, medication may be prescribed to help manage symptoms. Good hygiene practices, such as washing hands thoroughly after using the bathroom or changing diapers, can help prevent the spread of Cryptosporidium.

Protozoan infections in animals refer to diseases caused by the invasion and colonization of one or more protozoan species in an animal host's body. Protozoa are single-celled eukaryotic organisms that can exist as parasites and can be transmitted through various modes, such as direct contact with infected animals, contaminated food or water, vectors like insects, and fecal-oral route.

Examples of protozoan infections in animals include:

1. Coccidiosis: It is a common intestinal disease caused by several species of the genus Eimeria that affects various animals, including poultry, cattle, sheep, goats, and pets like cats and dogs. The parasites infect the epithelial cells lining the intestines, causing diarrhea, weight loss, dehydration, and sometimes death in severe cases.
2. Toxoplasmosis: It is a zoonotic disease caused by the protozoan Toxoplasma gondii that can infect various warm-blooded animals, including humans, livestock, and pets like cats. The parasite forms cysts in various tissues, such as muscles, brain, and eyes, causing mild to severe symptoms depending on the host's immune status.
3. Babesiosis: It is a tick-borne disease caused by several species of Babesia protozoa that affect various animals, including cattle, horses, dogs, and humans. The parasites infect red blood cells, causing anemia, fever, weakness, and sometimes death in severe cases.
4. Leishmaniasis: It is a vector-borne disease caused by several species of Leishmania protozoa that affect various animals, including dogs, cats, and humans. The parasites are transmitted through the bite of infected sandflies and can cause skin lesions, anemia, fever, weight loss, and sometimes death in severe cases.
5. Cryptosporidiosis: It is a waterborne disease caused by the protozoan Cryptosporidium parvum that affects various animals, including humans, livestock, and pets like dogs and cats. The parasites infect the epithelial cells lining the intestines, causing diarrhea, abdominal pain, and dehydration.

Prevention and control of these diseases rely on various measures, such as vaccination, chemoprophylaxis, vector control, and environmental management. Public awareness and education are also essential to prevent the transmission and spread of these diseases.

Prevalence, in medical terms, refers to the total number of people in a given population who have a particular disease or condition at a specific point in time, or over a specified period. It is typically expressed as a percentage or a ratio of the number of cases to the size of the population. Prevalence differs from incidence, which measures the number of new cases that develop during a certain period.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Protozoan Proteins" is not a specific medical or scientific term. Protozoa are single-celled eukaryotic organisms, and proteins are large biological molecules consisting of one or more chains of amino acid residues. Therefore, "Protozoan Proteins" generally refers to the various types of proteins found in protozoa.

However, if you're looking for information about proteins specific to certain protozoan parasites with medical relevance (such as Plasmodium falciparum, which causes malaria), I would be happy to help! Please provide more context or specify the particular protozoan of interest.

There doesn't seem to be a specific medical definition for "DNA, protozoan" as it is simply a reference to the DNA found in protozoa. Protozoa are single-celled eukaryotic organisms that can be found in various environments such as soil, water, and the digestive tracts of animals.

Protozoan DNA refers to the genetic material present in these organisms. It is composed of nucleic acids, including deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA), which contain the instructions for the development, growth, and reproduction of the protozoan.

The DNA in protozoa, like in other organisms, is made up of two strands of nucleotides that coil together to form a double helix. The four nucleotide bases that make up protozoan DNA are adenine (A), thymine (T), guanine (G), and cytosine (C). These bases pair with each other to form the rungs of the DNA ladder, with A always pairing with T and G always pairing with C.

The genetic information stored in protozoan DNA is encoded in the sequence of these nucleotide bases. This information is used to synthesize proteins, which are essential for the structure and function of the organism's cells. Protozoan DNA also contains other types of genetic material, such as regulatory sequences that control gene expression and repetitive elements with no known function.

Understanding the DNA of protozoa is important for studying their biology, evolution, and pathogenicity. It can help researchers develop new treatments for protozoan diseases and gain insights into the fundamental principles of genetics and cellular function.

Ciliophora is a phylum in the taxonomic classification system that consists of unicellular organisms commonly known as ciliates. These are characterized by the presence of hair-like structures called cilia, which are attached to the cell surface and beat in a coordinated manner to facilitate movement and feeding. Ciliophora includes a diverse group of organisms, many of which are found in aquatic environments. Examples of ciliates include Paramecium, Tetrahymena, and Vorticella.

Genes in protozoa refer to the hereditary units of these single-celled organisms that carry genetic information necessary for their growth, development, and reproduction. These genes are made up of DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) molecules, which contain sequences of nucleotide bases that code for specific proteins or RNA molecules. Protozoan genes are responsible for various functions, such as metabolism, response to environmental stimuli, and reproduction.

It is important to note that the study of protozoan genes has contributed significantly to our understanding of genetics and evolution, particularly in areas such as molecular biology, cell biology, and genomics. However, there is still much to be learned about the genetic diversity and complexity of these organisms, which continue to be an active area of research.

I'd be happy to help! However, I believe there might be a slight confusion in your question. RNA stands for Ribonucleic Acid, which is a type of nucleic acid involved in various biological roles in the coding, decoding, regulation, and expression of genes. On the other hand, protozoan refers to a unicellular organism from the kingdom Protista, which includes a wide variety of simple eukaryotic organisms such as amoebas, paramecia, and plasmodium (the malaria-causing parasite).

There isn't a specific medical definition for "RNA, protozoan" since RNA is a molecule present in all living cells, including human cells, and protozoans are a group of organisms. However, I can tell you that RNA plays crucial roles in protozoan biology, such as acting as a messenger between DNA and ribosomes during protein synthesis or regulating gene expression.

If you have any further questions or need more specific information about RNA in protozoans, please let me know!

A protozoan genome refers to the complete set of genetic material or DNA present in a protozoan organism. Protozoa are single-celled eukaryotic microorganisms that lack cell walls and have diverse morphology and nutrition modes. The genome of a protozoan includes all the genes that code for proteins, as well as non-coding DNA sequences that regulate gene expression and other cellular processes.

The size and complexity of protozoan genomes can vary widely depending on the species. Some protozoa have small genomes with only a few thousand genes, while others have larger genomes with tens of thousands of genes or more. The genome sequencing of various protozoan species has provided valuable insights into their evolutionary history, biology, and potential as model organisms for studying eukaryotic cellular processes.

It is worth noting that the study of protozoan genomics is still an active area of research, and new discoveries are continually being made about the genetic diversity and complexity of these fascinating microorganisms.

Protozoan infections are parasitic diseases caused by organisms formerly classified in the kingdom Protozoa. They are usually ... Protozoan infections are responsible for diseases that affect many different types of organisms, including plants, animals, and ... Many of the most prevalent and deadly human diseases are caused by a protozoan infection, including African sleeping sickness, ... Scientists have been researching new ways to fight protozoan infections, including targeting channels and transporters involved ...
Fayner R (1980). "Epidemiology of protozoan infections: the coccidia". Veterinary Parasitology. 6 (1-3): 75-103. doi:10.1016/ ... The pathogenesis of infection varies from mild to severe, and is largely dependent on the magnitude of infection. In light ... Infections are common in farming environments where many animals are confined in a small space. There are two forms of oocyst: ... However, in heavy infections, it may only take two weeks for many intestinal epithelial cells to be infected with either ...
Denkers, EY; Schneider, AG; Cohen, AB; Butcher, BA (2012). "Phagocyte responses to protozoan infection and how Toxoplasma ... Infection with the parasite has contributed to the death of at least four Hawaiian monk seals. A Hawaiian monk seal's infection ... Klaus, Sidney N.; Shoshana Frankenburg, and A. Damian Dhar (2003). "Chapter 235: Leishmaniasis and Other Protozoan Infections ... Infection in earlier gestational stages correlates with poorer fetal and neonatal outcomes, particularly when the infection is ...
... is a drug that combats protozoan infections. It is a nitroimidazole class drug. It used to be commonly added to ...
... perstans infection. Praziquantel is effective against various helminthic and protozoan infections. The few studies about the ... Major reasons for this lack of attention are that M. perstans infections prevail in poor, rural populations and that infection ... Mansonella infections are relatively mild. However, the pathogenicity of M. perstans infection has been recently reconsidered ... He had previously been treated with DEC for M. perstans infection five months prior to his visit. A blood sample was taken at ...
Eosinophilia may be present (differently from other protozoan infections). The coccidian parasite Cystoisospora belli infects ... Infection occurs by ingestion of sporocyst-containing oocysts: the sporocysts excyst in the small intestine and release their ... Cystoisospora infections are more common in individuals with compromised immune systems, such as HIV or leukemia.[citation ... Infection often occurs in immuno-compromised individuals, notably AIDS patients, and outbreaks have been reported in ...
... is an antibiotic used to treat protozoan infections.: 1368 A synthetic nitroimidazole, it is commercially obtained ... It was first introduced for treating trichomoniasis before being recognized for its broad anti-protozoan and anti-anaerobic- ...
The infection is transmitted by ingestion of contaminated water, ingestion of a second intermediate host such as a frog or ... and Protozoans". Seminars in Neurology. 25 (3): 262-277. doi:10.1055/s-2005-917663. PMC 2683840. PMID 16170739. Pampliglione S ... The first case of sparganosis in the United States was reported by Stiles in 1908; this was a case of infection by Spirometra ... Second, humans may acquire the infection by consuming the raw flesh of one of the second intermediate hosts, such as frogs or ...
Hauck, Ruediger; Hafez, Hafez M. (Jan 2013). "Experimental infections with the protozoan parasite Histomonas meleagridis: a ... Within the tissue, it is present as an amoeboid protozoan, while in the lumen or free in the contents of cecum, it lives as an ... Histomonads, either released from the heterakid nematode larvae in the ceca or after direct infection via the cloaca, and ... Histomonas meleagridis is a species of parasitic protozoan that infects a wide range of birds including chickens, turkeys, ...
The use of viruses to treat infections caused by protozoa has been proposed. Protozoan infection Babesiosis Giardiasis Baron, S ... The three main types of organisms causing these conditions are protozoa (causing protozoan infection), helminths (helminthiasis ... Protozoa are single-celled, microscopic organisms that belong to the kingdom Protista. Helminths on the other hand are ... Protozoa and helminths are usually endoparasites (usually living inside the body of the host), while ectoparasites usually live ...
... is an infection caused by Toxoplasma gondii an intracellular protozoan parasite. Humans can be infected in 3 different ways: ... Depression after infection with West Nile virus Murray KO, Resnick M, Miller V. Depression after infection with West Nile virus ... Lyme disease; is a bacterial infection caused by Borrelia burgdorferi, a spirochete bacterium transmitted by the Deer tick ( ... Carruthers VB, Suzuki Y (May 2007). "Effects of Toxoplasma gondii Infection on the Brain". Schizophrenia Bulletin. 33 (3): 745- ...
... is a protozoan infection caused by infection with Balantidium coli. Usually asymptomatic in immunocompetent ... The parasite must be ingested as a cyst in order to cause infection. The diagnosis of balantidiasis can be an intricate process ... It is its size at this stage that allows Balantidium coli to be characterized as the largest protozoan parasite of humans. ... Pigs are a major reservoir of the parasite, and infection of humans occurs more frequently in areas where pigs commingle with ...
"Nitazoxanide for the treatment of intestinal protozoan and helminthic infections in Mexico". Trans. R. Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg. 91 ... H. nana infections are much more common than H. diminuta infections in humans because, in addition to being spread by insects, ... Light infections are usually symptomless, whereas infection with more than 2000 worms can cause enteritis, abdominal pain, ... Alternative names are dwarf tapeworm infection and rat tapeworm infection. The disease is a type of helminthiasis which is ...
Chudnovskiy, Aleksey (August 2016). "Host-Protozoan Interactions Protect from Mucosal Infections through Activation of the ... Infection can occur at any age; however, the most common ages that have been reported are children 5-10 years old. In order to ... Infection with D. fragilis, called dientamoebiasis, is associated variously with symptoms of abdominal pain, diarrhea, weight ... Dientamoeba Fragilis Infection at eMedicine Johnson EH, Windsor JJ, Clark CG (July 2004). "Emerging from obscurity: biological ...
Colonization by bacteria, protozoa or fungi can cause infection. Uncontrolled cell growth can cause neoplasia. The term " ... It may occur as an appropriate physiological response to an infection, or it may occur in the absence of infection. In the ... For example: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are infections that affect part of the urinary tract. When it affects the lower ... Any sign of infection, such as fever and chills, in the context of obstruction to urine flow constitutes a urologic emergency. ...
... infections due to certain parasitic worms, protozoa, and viruses; malignant and premalignant hematologic disorders commonly ... specific drug treatment of helminth and protozoan infections typically takes precedence over non-specific immunosuppressive ... therapy, which, if used without specific treatment, could worsen the infection. In moderate-to-severe cases, non-specific ...
Rixford E, Gilchrist TC (1896). "Two cases of protozoan (coccidioidal) infection of the skin and other organs". Johns Hopkins ... Skin manifestations, such as erythema nodosum, are also common with Coccidioides infection. Coccidioides infection can cause a ... Infection can sometimes cause acute respiratory distress syndrome and fatal multilobar pneumonia. The risk of symptomatic ... About 60% of Coccidioides infections as determined by serologic conversion are asymptomatic. The most common clinical syndrome ...
... (CL 64855) is a nitroimidazole based drug that cures some protozoan infections. A study of nitroimidazoles found the ...
Mortality from viral infection has almost the same magnitude as that from protozoan grazing. However, compared to protozoan ... Both protozoan grazing and viral infection balance the major fraction of bacterial growth. In addition, the microbial loop ... Also, viral infection causes bacterial lysis, which release cell contents back into the dissolved organic matter (DOM) pool, ... Bonkowski, Michael (2004). "Protozoa and plant growth: The microbial loop in soil revisited". New Phytologist. 162 (3): 617-631 ...
Extract from L. variegata shows promising result in the treatments of protozoan infection. The chloroform fraction of the ... Another is Lobophora has antiprotozoal activity against parasitic protozoans such as Giardia intestinalis, Entamoeba ...
A preclinical study showed that blocking parasite MIF improves outcome in severe protozoan infections. Examples of protozoans ... Multiple protozoan parasites produce homologs MIF that have similar inflammatory functions to human MIF, and play a role in ... Microbes and Infection. 4 (4): 449-60. doi:10.1016/S1286-4579(02)01560-5. PMID 11932196. Bloom J, Sun S, Al-Abed Y (December ...
Brown band disease is brought about by infections caused by protozoa. It can be identified through a brown band that separates ... The pathogens causing the diseases include bacteria, fungi and protozoa, but it is not always possible to identify the pathogen ... Pathogens so far identified include bacteria, fungi and protozoans.[citation needed] Coral diseases mostly take the form of a ... Further research has shown that viruses may be involved in white plague infections, the coral small circular single-stranded ...
Hinshaw, H. Corwin (1926). "Correlation of Protozoan Infections of Human Mouth with Extent of Certain Lesions in Pyorrhea ... There he worked with William Hugh Feldman on animal models of tuberculosis infection and was an associate professor of medicine ... requested a sample of streptomycin for testing in their guinea pig animal model of tuberculosis infection. After streptomycin ...
... , sold under the brand name Tindamax among others, is a medication used against protozoan infections. It is widely ... known throughout Europe and the developing world as a treatment for a variety of anaerobic amoebic and bacterial infections. It ...
They include mostly viral infections, less commonly bacterial infections, fungal infections, prion diseases and protozoan ... protozoan infections and prionic infections. Most forms of aseptic meningitis are viral in origin, though neoplastic and Lyme ... Infections of the central nervous system (CNS) consist of infections primarily of the brain and spinal cord. ... Louis encephalitis Slow virus infections, which include: Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) Subacute sclerosing ...
Viruses have been explored as a means to treat infections caused by protozoa. One such protozoa that potential virotherapy ... Hyman, P.; Atterbury, R.; Barrow, P. (2013). "Fleas and smaller fleas: Virotherapy for parasite infections". Trends in ... as early as the mid 1950s doctors were noticing that cancer patients who suffered a non-related viral infection, or who had ... this has been largely attributed to the production of interferon and tumour necrosis factors in response to viral infection, ...
Giardiasis* is an intestinal infection in dogs caused by the protozoa Giardia lamblia. The most common symptom is diarrhea. The ... Urinary tract infection*, specifically cystitis or bladder infection, is common in dogs and usually caused by bacteria. Signs ... Pyometra is an infection of the uterus. It is a common and potentially fatal condition in dogs. The main risk period for a ... Infection is usually in the nasal cavity. Typical signs in dogs include sneezing, nasal discharge, bleeding from the nose, and ...
"Prevalence of Trichomonas vaginalis infection and protozoan load in South African women: a cross-sectional study". BMJ Open. 7 ... Viral infections include human papillomavirus infection (HPV) - this is the most common STI and has many types. Genital HPV can ... Infections of the vagina such as vaginosis and of the uterus may produce vaginal discharge which can be an irritant when it ... Many types of infection and other diseases including some cancers may cause irritation. Vulvar organs and tissues can become ...
Other infections associated with increased eosinophil blood counts include: protozoan infections, i.e. Isospora belli and ... A parasitic infection of nearly any bodily tissue can cause eosinophilia.[citation needed] Diseases that feature eosinophilia ... Helminths infections causing increased blood eosinophil counts include: 1) nematodes, (i.e. Angiostrongylus cantonensis and ... Several causes are known, with the most common being some form of allergic reaction or parasitic infection. Diagnosis of ...
... and too weak to cause infection. Amphotericin B is used for life-threatening protozoan infections such as visceral ... Amphotericin B is an antifungal medication used for serious fungal infections and leishmaniasis. The fungal infections it is ... In the past it had been used for fungal infections of the surface of the GI tract such as thrush, but has been replaced by ... For certain infections it is given with flucytosine. It is typically given intravenously (injection into a vein). Common side ...
Protozoan infections are parasitic diseases caused by organisms formerly classified in the kingdom Protozoa. They are usually ... Protozoan infections are responsible for diseases that affect many different types of organisms, including plants, animals, and ... Many of the most prevalent and deadly human diseases are caused by a protozoan infection, including African sleeping sickness, ... Scientists have been researching new ways to fight protozoan infections, including targeting channels and transporters involved ...
Intestinal protozoan and helminthic infections : report of a WHO scientific group [meeting held in Geneva from 27 October to 1 ... by WHO Scientific Group on Intestinal Protozoan and Helminthic Infections , World Health Organization. ... by WHO Scientific Group on Intestinal Protozoan and Helminthic Infections , World Health Organization. ... by WHO Scientific Group on Intestinal Protozoan and Helminthic Infections , World Health Organization. ...
Brought to you by Merck & Co, Inc., Rahway, NJ, USA (known as MSD outside the US and Canada)-dedicated to using leading-edge science to save and improve lives around the world. Learn more about the MSD Manuals and our commitment to Global Medical Knowledge.. ...
Human parasitic protozoan infection to infertility: a systematic review. Parasitol Res. 2016;115:469-77. DOIPubMedGoogle ... Protozoan infections in the male genital tract. J Urol. 1996;156:340-9. DOIPubMedGoogle Scholar ... Toxoplasmosis is a protozoan disease caused by T. gondii infection, with a worldwide prevalence from 20% to 80%. T. gondii has ... haematobium), invasion from an adjacent structure (E. hystolytica), or as a result of a disseminated infection (T. cruzi, T. ...
ClinicalTrials.gov: Protozoan Infections (National Institutes of Health) Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE ...
... is a life-threatening syndrome of recurrent infections, diarrhea, dermatitis, and failure to thrive. It is the prototype of the ... Protozoan infections (diarrhea). Exacerbating factors. A number of exacerbating factors may be present in patients with SCID. ... Opportunistic infections. Loss of immunity results in severe and opportunistic infections that instigate the rapid downhill ... Families must be informed about the risks of infection so that appropriate steps to avoid exposure to infection are instituted ...
Cyclosporiasis is a gastrointestinal infection caused by a protozoan parasite, Cyclospora cayetanensis. This species is only ... The illness was first reported in 1979, and the organism was identified and named in 1994 (1). Historically, infections were ... and infections have been attributed to these foods (3). Produce washing will decrease but not eliminate the parasite (1). ... completed CNHGQ and genetic data strengthens evidence for identifying cases potentially linked to the same source of infection ...
This annual update provides rates of incidence and infection of STIs among active component U.S. service members. ... Krupp K, Madhivanan P. Antibiotic resistance in prevalent bacterial and protozoan sexually transmitted infections. Indian J Sex ... For some STIs, detection of prevalent infection may occur long after an initial infection. Changes in incidence rates may ... Update: Sexually Transmitted Infections Among Active Component Service Members, U.S. Armed Forces, 2014-2022 Treponema pallidum ...
ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES Counts HANES I Data Source ANTHROPOD AND PROTOZOAN INFECTIONS 761 Pediculosis capitis 1 - Yes 9 Blank ... Anthropod and Protozoan Infections Pediculosis capitis .................................................... 761 Swimmers itch ... ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES Counts HANES I Data Source FUNGAL INFECTIONS 703 Impression - Scalp 1 - Yes 7 2 - No 68 Blank 20674 ... Post Infection 1 - Yes 0 Blank 20749 529 Facial Hair - Post Trauma 1 - Yes 1 Blank 20748 530 Facial Hair - Endocrine 1 - Yes 37 ...
Categories: Protozoan Infections Image Types: Photo, Illustrations, Video, Color, Black&White, PublicDomain, ...
3. Miscellaneous, e.g., viral, rickettsial, protozoan, fungal, bacterial infec-tions. B. Localized ... Most bacterial infections in the cat are superficial and are easy to recognize and treat. Localized bacterial infections in an ... Fever is often associated with retroviral infections (FeLV, FIV) as a direct result of the virus infection but more often due ... Parasitic infections with Haemobartonella felis, Toxoplasma gondii, aberrant helminth migration, and pulmonary embolization by ...
... is a life-threatening syndrome of recurrent infections, diarrhea, dermatitis, and failure to thrive. It is the prototype of the ... Protozoan infections (diarrhea). Exacerbating factors. A number of exacerbating factors may be present in patients with SCID. ... Opportunistic infections. Loss of immunity results in severe and opportunistic infections that instigate the rapid downhill ... Families must be informed about the risks of infection so that appropriate steps to avoid exposure to infection are instituted ...
Artemesia annua has primarily been used for treatment of protozoan infection. The most active ingredient, artemisinin, is a ... Parasite Infection. Parasites are micro-organisms which live in the intestines. Some cause symptoms while others can live for ... In mild parasite infections one can consider a more natural approach and use less toxic, nonprescription items. Some savory/ ... The incidence of parasite infection is both overestimated and underestimated, depending on who you are listening to. If you ...
... caused by infection with a protozoan parasite called Trichomonas vaginalis. Trichomonas vaginalis infection is the most common ... Trichomonas vaginalis infection is not reportable to state and local health departments, so few other sources exist for ... curable sexually transmitted infection among women in the United States; it can cause inflammation that has been associated ...
Threats to blood safety posed by emerging protozoan pathogens. Vox Sang. 2004 Jul. 87 suppl 2:120-2. [QxMD MEDLINE Link]. ... What is the risk of transfusion-transmitted HAV and HEV infection?. What is the risk of transfusion-transmitted HCV infection? ... The risk of severe infection is particularly high in patients who have HIV infection, have had a splenectomy, or are ... What is the risk of transfusion-transmitted arbovirus infection? HTLV-1 and HTLV-2 infection and how is it prevented? ...
If a child tested positive for one of the protozoan infections using either microscopy or ELISA, the result was confirmed using ... Den Hartog J, Rosenbaum L, Wood Z, Burt D, Petri WA Jr (2013) Diagnosis of multiple enteric protozoan infections by enzyme- ... A separate aliquot was analyzed to test for protozoan infections (Giardia lamblia, Cryptosporidium sp., Entamoeba histolytica) ... Enteric Parasite Infections. In the subsample of 1,150 children with stool collection, 5.7% (66/1150) had helminth infections ...
Human malaria is caused by infection with intracellular protozoan parasites of the genus Plasmodium that are transmitted by ... Once, thanks to Laveran, attention was drawn to the protozoa as agents of disease, discoveries of such protozoa took place in ... From this stage relapsing infections may occur at a later stage. P. falciparum infection relapses do not occur. It is, ... Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran, for his work on the importance of the protozoa as pathogens.. The Staff has thus chosen to ...
Infections of the brain, spinal cord, or meninges by single celled organisms of the former subkingdom known as protozoa. The ... Amebic Meningoencephalitides; Amebic Meningoencephalitis; Cerebral Protozoal Infection; Cerebral Protozoal Infections; ... These diseases may occur as OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTIONS or arise in immunocompetent hosts. ... Infection, Central Nervous System, Protozoal; Protozoal Meningoencephalitides; Protozoal Meningoencephalitis. primary_id: MESH: ...
Parasitic infections of occupational origin are caused by protozoa, helminths, and arthropods and include malaria, amebiasis, ... NIOSH-Author; Food-handlers; Disease-prevention; Food-processing-workers; Forestry-workers; Viral-infections; Fungal-infections ... The most common bacterial infections seen which are occupationally derived result from the neglect of minor wounds, abrasions, ... Bacterial infections include tetanus, anthrax, brucellosis, leptospirosis, plague, food poisoning, tuberculosis, mycobacterial ...
... viruses and protozoa, is a source of nosocomial infections, which may originate fromcolonization of water pipes, cooling towers ...
Protozoan Infections / drug therapy; Protozoan Infections / parasitology; Protozoan Infections, Animal; Time Factors; Treatment ... Protozoan Infections / diagnosis; Protozoan Infections / parasitology; Protozoan Infections, Animal; RNA, Ribosomal, 5.8S / ... Protozoan Infections / complications; Protozoan Infections / drug therapy; Protozoan Infections, Animal; Specific Pathogen-Free ... Protozoan Infections, Animal / diagnosis; Protozoan Infections, Animal / drug therapy; Protozoan Infections, Animal / ...
Protozoan infection found in animals and man. It is caused by several different genera of COCCIDIA. ...
Protozoan or helminthic infections: cryptospridiosis, isosporiasis, or microsporidiosis, with diarrhea lasting for one (1) ... Bacterial infections: mycobacterial infections, nocardiosis, or salmonella (recurrent non-typhoid); or multiple recurrent ... Fungal infections: aspergillosis, candidiasis (at a site other than the skin, urinary tract, intestinal tract, or oral or ... Viral infections: cytomegalovirus disease (at a site other than the liver, spleen, or lymph nodes), herpes simplex virus, ...
Malaria infection during pregnancy can also cause premature delivery, stillbirth, or delivery of a baby with low birth weight. ... Malaria is a mosquito-borne infectious disease caused by protozoan parasites belonging to the genus Plasmodium. Five species ... Primaquine should be added to the main treatment to prevent relapses of infection with the P. vivax and P. ovale parasites. In ... Malaria is a serious infection and requires treatment with multiple medicines. The most common medicines are Artemisinin-based ...
Protozoan infections are parasitic diseases caused by protozoa. Some examples include malaria, toxoplasmosis and trichomoniasis ... Infections and Infectious Diseases Infections and infectious diseases result from the invasion of a pathogen into the body. ... Infections can afflict virtually any part of the body. Osteomyelitis is an infection which occurs in the bone. It can be very ... Hospital acquired infections, called nosocomial infections afflict nearly 2 million patients each year and are responsible for ...
High levels of Eimeria infection cause clinical coccidiosis which is a significant threat to poultry welfare, and a pre- ... Fayer R. Epidemiology of protozoan infections: the coccidia. Vet Parasitol. 1980;6(1-3):75-103. ... including tolerance to infection and rate of recovery from the pathological consequences of infection (Palafox et al. 1949; ... The efficacy of Lactobacillus acidophilus and/or diclazuril for inhibition and control of Eimeria tenella infection in balady ...
Protozoa documents. Free PDF Download.
Sarcomastigophora Infections. Protozoan Infections. C17 - Skin and Connective Tissue Diseases. Vasculitis, Allergic Cutaneous. ... Mastigophora Infections. Protozoan Infections. Sarcodina Infections. Protozoan Infections. ...
SPOROZOEA INFECTIONS. PROTOZOAN INFECTIONS. TYPHOID. TYPHOID FEVER. ...
  • Protozoan infections are parasitic diseases caused by organisms formerly classified in the kingdom Protozoa. (wikipedia.org)
  • Considering that parasitic diseases represent one of the most common infections worldwide, mainly in developing countries, sexual transmission of parasitic diseases could represent a major global problem in terms of public health. (cdc.gov)
  • Most bacterial infections in the cat are superficial and are easy to recognize and treat. (vin.com)
  • Localized bacterial infections in an occult location (e.g., metritis, low grade pleuritis, osteomyelitis, tooth root abscess) or those caused by fastidious organisms that are not sensitive to treatment with commonly prescribed antimicrobial agents (e.g. (vin.com)
  • An important concept in the evaluation of data regarding transfusion-transmitted bacterial infections (TTBIs) is the definition of a case. (medscape.com)
  • The most common bacterial infections seen which are occupationally derived result from the neglect of minor wounds, abrasions, and excoriated dermatitis. (cdc.gov)
  • On the other hand, if the infection is caused by protozoa, worms or arthropods, it is called parasitic disease. (statista.com)
  • Parasitic infections of occupational origin are caused by protozoa, helminths, and arthropods and include malaria, amebiasis, leishmaniasis, trypanosomiasis, and various less common blood and gastrointestinal infections. (cdc.gov)
  • Poor sanitation is thought to be a major cause of enteric infections among young children. (plos.org)
  • This study emphasizes the importance of laboratory diagnosis of enteric infections and the need for better clinical data collection to improve management of disease risk factors in the community. (who.int)
  • Parasitic infections with Haemobartonella felis , Toxoplasma gondii , aberrant helminth migration, and pulmonary embolization by Dirofilaria immitis may also cause fever. (vin.com)
  • Toxoplasmosis is an infection due to the parasite Toxoplasma gondii . (mountsinai.org)
  • Human infection with the toxoplasma gondii protozoan results from ingesting contaminated raw meat or soil, or careless handling of the contents of an infected cat's litter box. (mountsinai.org)
  • La présente étude menée dans la partie orientale de l'Iraq a examiné le test ELISA d'avidité des anticorps IgG pour dépister les infections à Toxoplasma gondii récentes chez les femmes enceintes, puis a comparé les méthodes immunologiques et la méthode PCR en tant que dosages moléculaires pour la pose du diagnostic de l'infection à T. gondii . (who.int)
  • Here, we identify 5 protozoan parasites with demonstrated presence in seminal fluid, only 1 of which has been identified as a sexually transmitted disease among humans. (cdc.gov)
  • Trichomonas vaginalis is a protozoan parasite recognized as sexually transmissible among humans ( 2 ). (cdc.gov)
  • The genital tract of humans is the natural habitat for this parasite, which can cause urogenital tract infection. (cdc.gov)
  • Furthermore, an experimental mouse model has demonstrated infection through intravaginal infusion of semen from infected humans, posing the possibility of sexual transmission among humans ( 5 ). (cdc.gov)
  • In relation to New World primates, different infections occur which also affect humans, particularly infections caused by T. cruzi. (fapesp.br)
  • Trichophyton erinacei is a zoophylic dermatophyte, member of the Trichophyton mentagrophytes complex, known to cause superficial skin infections in humans. (scirp.org)
  • mon parasitic infections of humans toxoplasmosis in amniotic fluid [13]. (who.int)
  • Cyclosporiasis is a gastrointestinal infection caused by a protozoan parasite, Cyclospora cayetanensis . (cdc.gov)
  • The objective of this study was to measure the effect of the TSC implemented with capacity building support from the World Bank's Water and Sanitation Program in Madhya Pradesh on availability of individual household latrines (IHLs), defecation behaviors, and child health (diarrhea, highly credible gastrointestinal illness [HCGI], parasitic infections, anemia, growth). (plos.org)
  • Chagas disease is caused by T. cruzi protozoa and affects nearly 6 million persons in Latin America countries. (cdc.gov)
  • Novel immunization strategies against protozoan parasites : proceedings of a workshop held in Ilrad, Nairobi, Kenya, 1-4 November 1993 / edited by D. J. McKeever. (who.int)
  • To investigate whether parasites could enlarge the broad list of potential sexually transmitted infections (STIs), we conducted an online search on November 3, 2017, by using PubMed ( https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/ ), EMBASE ( https://www.elsevier.com/solutions/embase-biomedical-research ), and the Cochrane Library ( http://www.cochranelibrary.com/ ) with no language restrictions. (cdc.gov)
  • Six parasites ont montré une résistance in vitro au stibogluconate de sodium en utilisant le test de détection des amastigotes dans les macrophages J774 murins. (who.int)
  • Infection with enteric pathogens (organisms such as bacteria, viruses, and parasites that infect the human intestine or gut) also affects the health and growth of many young children in these countries. (plos.org)
  • Malaria is a mosquito-borne infectious disease caused by protozoan parasites belonging to the genus Plasmodium. (who.int)
  • Primaquine should be added to the main treatment to prevent relapses of infection with the P. vivax and P. ovale parasites. (who.int)
  • Many of the most prevalent and deadly human diseases are caused by a protozoan infection, including African sleeping sickness, amoebic dysentery, and malaria. (wikipedia.org)
  • Malaria infection during pregnancy can also cause premature delivery, stillbirth, or delivery of a baby with low birth weight. (who.int)
  • Malaria is a serious infection and requires treatment with multiple medicines. (who.int)
  • Toxoplasmosis is one of the most common parasitic infections affecting approximately one-third of the world's population. (scirp.org)
  • An infected pregnant woman can transmit the infection to her fetus (congenital toxoplasmosis). (mountsinai.org)
  • This report summarizes incidence rates and trends of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) from 2014 to 2022 among active component service members of the U.S. Armed Forces. (health.mil)
  • In 2021, sexually transmitted infections (STIs) represented 1 of the highest health care burdens attributable to infectious diseases (other than COVID-19) among active component service members of the U.S. Armed Forces. (health.mil)
  • Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the frequency of T. gondii infection among AIDS patients in Makkah at Saudi Arabia. (scirp.org)
  • Conclusions: These statistically significant results support the association between T. gondii infection and AIDS and suggest the usefulness of providing data for an educational program that will be designed to prevent T. gondii infection among AIDS patients. (scirp.org)
  • Therefore, the aims of this study are to explore the seroprevalence of T. gondii infection among AIDS patients in Makkah city, as a part western region of Saudi Arabia, to provide data for an educational program that will be designed to prevent T. gondii infection among AIDS patients. (scirp.org)
  • ELISA IgG-avidity when used in combination with ELISA IgG/IgM is a valuable assay for the exclusion of ongoing or recently acquired T. gondii infection in pregnant women. (who.int)
  • We suspected an infection and samples were obtained for bacterial, mycobacterial, and fungal cultures. (scirp.org)
  • Volume 3: viral, bacterial and fungal infections. (lu.se)
  • Protozoan infections are responsible for diseases that affect many different types of organisms, including plants, animals, and some marine life. (wikipedia.org)
  • The main diagnostic categories for FUO include infections (local, systemic), neoplasms, and collagen-vascular (immune-mediated) diseases. (vin.com)
  • Fever is often associated with retroviral infections (FeLV, FIV) as a direct result of the virus infection but more often due to an opportunistic infection occurring secondary to the immunosuppressive effects of the viral disease. (vin.com)
  • In addition, CMV has been significantly associated with an increased predisposition to acute and chronic allograft rejection, accelerated hepatitis C recurrence, and other opportunistic infections, as well as reduced overall patient and allograft survival. (wjgnet.com)
  • Natural infection by protozoa of the genus Trypanosoma in wild mammals are common in nature. (fapesp.br)
  • An infectious disease is the clinical manifestation of an infection caused by a microorganism (bacteria, fungi, viruses, etc. (statista.com)
  • Each of the 24 chapters of this volume present a brief account of major facets of HIV/AIDS research including epidemiology, HIV prevention, basic virology, clinical studies (including co-infection with mycobacteria and hepatitis viruses), antiretroviral therapy, treatment options for specific patient groups (such as pregnant women and elderly patients), patient psychology and public health concerns. (benthamscience.com)
  • INTRODUCTION: In hospital and other health care facilities, contamination of water systems by potentially infectious microorganisms, such as bacteria, viruses and protozoa, is a source of nosocomial infections, which may originate fromcolonization of water pipes, cooling towers, spa pools, taps, showers and water supplies. (who.int)
  • Tous les isolats ont été typés comme Leishmania donovani sur la base de l'amplification en chaîne par polymérase (PCR) de l'ADNk du parasite. (who.int)
  • Visceral Leishmaniasis is an infection disease of chronic evolution caused by the protozoan Leishmania sp. (bvsalud.org)
  • Despite the heterogeneity in the pathogenesis of immune defects, common cutaneous manifestations and typical infections can provide clinical clues in diagnosing this pediatric emergency. (medscape.com)
  • The incidence of parasite infection is both overestimated and underestimated, depending on who you are listening to. (digitalnaturopath.com)
  • 24 months at enrollment were tested for soil transmitted helminth and protozoan infections in stool. (plos.org)
  • [ 4 ] Skin infections were significantly more prevalent in those with congenital defects in phagocyte number, function, or both, as well as in those with well-defined immunodeficiencies. (medscape.com)
  • The species originally termed "protozoa" are not closely related to each other and only have superficial similarities (eukaryotic, unicellular, motile, though with exceptions). (wikipedia.org)
  • Five species account for almost all human infections, with P falciparum being the most severe. (who.int)
  • Trichomoniasis (or "trich") is a very common sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by infection with a protozoan parasite called Trichomonas vaginalis. (cdc.gov)
  • Trichomonas vaginalis infection is not reportable to state and local health departments, so few other sources exist for obtaining national data. (cdc.gov)
  • Concise and fully up to date, this trusted classic links fundamental principles with the diagnosis and treatment of microbial infections. (mheducation.com)
  • The book also includes an entire chapter of case studies that focuses on differential diagnosis and management of microbial infections. (mheducation.com)
  • Feline infectious peritonitis coronavirus infection is a common cause of FUO because it produces insidious, chronic illness and frequently defies easy diagnosis. (vin.com)
  • Cortisone shots from the vet , antibiotic pills to help prevent systemic infection, and getting completely rid of the fleas are also helpful for treating hotspots. (everything2.com)
  • It is helpful to categorize infections as either localized or systemic in order to allow for an eventual well-focused approach to the patient's problem. (vin.com)
  • however with radiological findings and histol- were determined using ELISA Toxo- the infection may cause severe com- ogy [14]. (who.int)
  • T. vaginalis protozoa are the most common nonviral STI in the world, and incidence is increasing ( 11 ). (cdc.gov)
  • showed increased incidence in summer months (December to February), while rotavirus infections peaked in the cooler months (June to November). (who.int)
  • These infections occur worldwide. (scirp.org)
  • Results of search for 'su:{Protozoan infections. (who.int)
  • Infections should always be considered first in the search for the etiology of FUO because of their frequency and potential response to treatment. (vin.com)
  • However, once an infant develops serious infections, intervention is rarely successful. (medscape.com)
  • Cryptococcus neoformans rarely produces a febrile response unless infection is generalized or involves the central nervous system. (vin.com)
  • Severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) is a life-threatening syndrome of recurrent infections, diarrhea, dermatitis, and failure to thrive. (medscape.com)
  • Without intervention, SCID usually results in severe infection and death in children by age 2 years. (medscape.com)
  • To negate the adverse effects of CMV infection on transplant outcome, its prevention, whether through antiviral prophylaxis or preemptive therapy, is an essential component to the management of liver transplant recipients. (wjgnet.com)
  • Human infection by T. erinacei occurs by direct contact with the hedgehog, or through abrasions or wounds. (scirp.org)
  • Advances in HIV Treatment: HIV Enzyme Inhibitors and Antiretroviral Therapy presents comprehensive and updated information on drug therapies used to treat and manage HIV infection in human patients. (benthamscience.com)
  • The combination of the completed CNHGQ and genetic data strengthens evidence for identifying cases potentially linked to the same source of infection and can guide future investigations. (cdc.gov)
  • Infection with the protozoan Toxo- these patients [11,12]. (who.int)
  • Pathogen infections are recognized by the immune system, which consists of two types of responses: an innate immune response that recognizes pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) and an antigen-specific adaptive immune response. (intechopen.com)
  • This immune response is crucial against pathogen infections. (intechopen.com)
  • In people with a weakened immune system, the infection may spread throughout the body, leading to death. (mountsinai.org)
  • Medicines to treat the infection include an antimalarial drug and antibiotics. (mountsinai.org)
  • Artemesia annua has primarily been used for treatment of protozoan infection. (digitalnaturopath.com)
  • Advances in HIV Treatment: HIV Enzyme Inhibitors and Antiretroviral Therapy is, therefore, a holistic resource for researchers, healthcare professionals and clinicians interested in understanding antiretroviral drugs and the management of HIV infection/AIDS. (benthamscience.com)
  • Hydatid bone disease is a zoonotic parasitic infection that is caused primarily by the tapeworm Echinococcus granulosus, and it continues to be a major public health concern in pastoral regions. (bvsalud.org)
  • Recently, the parasite has been found on domestically grown produce ( 2 ), and infections have been attributed to these foods ( 3 ). (cdc.gov)