Saliva: The clear, viscous fluid secreted by the SALIVARY GLANDS and mucous glands of the mouth. It contains MUCINS, water, organic salts, and ptylin.Saliva, Artificial: A solution used for irrigating the mouth in xerostomia and as a substitute for saliva.Salivary Proteins and Peptides: Proteins and peptides found in SALIVA and the SALIVARY GLANDS. Some salivary proteins such as ALPHA-AMYLASES are enzymes, but their composition varies in different individuals.Salivation: The discharge of saliva from the SALIVARY GLANDS that keeps the mouth tissues moist and aids in digestion.Parotid Gland: The largest of the three pairs of SALIVARY GLANDS. They lie on the sides of the FACE immediately below and in front of the EAR.Salivary Glands: Glands that secrete SALIVA in the MOUTH. There are three pairs of salivary glands (PAROTID GLAND; SUBLINGUAL GLAND; SUBMANDIBULAR GLAND).Submandibular Gland: One of two salivary glands in the neck, located in the space bound by the two bellies of the digastric muscle and the angle of the mandible. It discharges through the submandibular duct. The secretory units are predominantly serous although a few mucous alveoli, some with serous demilunes, occur. (Stedman, 25th ed)Mouth: The oval-shaped oral cavity located at the apex of the digestive tract and consisting of two parts: the vestibule and the oral cavity proper.Sublingual Gland: A salivary gland on each side of the mouth below the TONGUE.Immunoglobulin A, Secretory: The principle immunoglobulin in exocrine secretions such as milk, respiratory and intestinal mucin, saliva and tears. The complete molecule (around 400 kD) is composed of two four-chain units of IMMUNOGLOBULIN A, one SECRETORY COMPONENT and one J chain (IMMUNOGLOBULIN J-CHAINS).Xerostomia: Decreased salivary flow.Streptococcus mutans: A polysaccharide-producing species of STREPTOCOCCUS isolated from human dental plaque.Dental Plaque: A film that attaches to teeth, often causing DENTAL CARIES and GINGIVITIS. It is composed of MUCINS, secreted from salivary glands, and microorganisms.Dental Pellicle: A thin protein film on the surface of DENTAL ENAMEL. It is widely believed to result from the selective adsorption of precursor proteins present in SALIVA onto tooth surfaces, and to reduce microbial adherence to the TEETH.Dental Caries: Localized destruction of the tooth surface initiated by decalcification of the enamel followed by enzymatic lysis of organic structures and leading to cavity formation. If left unchecked, the cavity may penetrate the enamel and dentin and reach the pulp.Histatins: A group of small, histidine-rich, cationic peptides in human SALIVA which are antibacterial and antifungal.Actinomyces: A genus of gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria whose organisms are nonmotile. Filaments that may be present in certain species are either straight or wavy and may have swollen or clubbed heads.Mouth Mucosa: Lining of the ORAL CAVITY, including mucosa on the GUMS; the PALATE; the LIP; the CHEEK; floor of the mouth; and other structures. The mucosa is generally a nonkeratinized stratified squamous EPITHELIUM covering muscle, bone, or glands but can show varying degree of keratinization at specific locations.Mucin-5B: A gel-forming mucin that is predominantly expressed by submucosal glands of airway tissues and the SUBLINGUAL GLAND. It is one of the principal components of high molecular weight salivary mucin.Proline-Rich Protein Domains: Protein domains that are enriched in PROLINE. The cyclical nature of proline causes the peptide bonds it forms to have a limited degree of conformational mobility. Therefore the presence of multiple prolines in close proximity to each other can convey a distinct conformational arrangement to a peptide chain.Secretory Rate: The amount of a substance secreted by cells or by a specific organ or organism over a given period of time; usually applies to those substances which are formed by glandular tissues and are released by them into biological fluids, e.g., secretory rate of corticosteroids by the adrenal cortex, secretory rate of gastric acid by the gastric mucosa.Aphids: A family (Aphididae) of small insects, in the suborder Sternorrhyncha, that suck the juices of plants. Important genera include Schizaphis and Myzus. The latter is known to carry more than 100 virus diseases between plants.Plant Diseases: Diseases of plants.Buchnera: A genus of gram-negative bacteria which are obligately intracellular endosymbionts of APHIDS. The bacteria are found within specialized cells in the aphid body cavity.Plant Immunity: The inherent or induced capacity of plants to withstand or ward off biological attack by pathogens.Plants, Genetically Modified: PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.Symbiosis: The relationship between two different species of organisms that are interdependent; each gains benefits from the other or a relationship between different species where both of the organisms in question benefit from the presence of the other.Influenza A virus: The type species of the genus INFLUENZAVIRUS A that causes influenza and other diseases in humans and animals. Antigenic variation occurs frequently between strains, allowing classification into subtypes and variants. Transmission is usually by aerosol (human and most non-aquatic hosts) or waterborne (ducks). Infected birds shed the virus in their saliva, nasal secretions, and feces.Influenza, Human: An acute viral infection in humans involving the respiratory tract. It is marked by inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA; the PHARYNX; and conjunctiva, and by headache and severe, often generalized, myalgia.Astringents: Agents, usually topical, that cause the contraction of tissues for the control of bleeding or secretions.Influenza Vaccines: Vaccines used to prevent infection by viruses in the family ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE. It includes both killed and attenuated vaccines. The composition of the vaccines is changed each year in response to antigenic shifts and changes in prevalence of influenza virus strains. The vaccine is usually bivalent or trivalent, containing one or two INFLUENZAVIRUS A strains and one INFLUENZAVIRUS B strain.Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype: A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS with the surface proteins hemagglutinin 1 and neuraminidase 1. The H1N1 subtype was responsible for the Spanish flu pandemic of 1918.Argas: A genus of softbacked TICKS in the family ARGASIDAE. Most infect birds or bats but a few parasitize terrestrial mammals.Argasidae: A family of softbacked TICKS, in the subclass ACARI. Genera include ARGAS and ORNITHODOROS among others.Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.Biogenic Amines: A group of naturally occurring amines derived by enzymatic decarboxylation of the natural amino acids. Many have powerful physiological effects (e.g., histamine, serotonin, epinephrine, tyramine). Those derived from aromatic amino acids, and also their synthetic analogs (e.g., amphetamine), are of use in pharmacology.Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.Rhodnius: A genus of the subfamily TRIATOMINAE. Rhodnius prolixus is a vector for TRYPANOSOMA CRUZI.Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov'tProteome: The protein complement of an organism coded for by its genome.Proteomics: The systematic study of the complete complement of proteins (PROTEOME) of organisms.Genome: The genetic complement of an organism, including all of its GENES, as represented in its DNA, or in some cases, its RNA.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Ixodidae: A family of hardbacked TICKS, in the subclass ACARI. Genera include DERMACENTOR and IXODES among others.Ticks: Blood-sucking acarid parasites of the order Ixodida comprising two families: the softbacked ticks (ARGASIDAE) and hardbacked ticks (IXODIDAE). Ticks are larger than their relatives, the MITES. They penetrate the skin of their host by means of highly specialized, hooked mouth parts and feed on its blood. Ticks attack all groups of terrestrial vertebrates. In humans they are responsible for many TICK-BORNE DISEASES, including the transmission of ROCKY MOUNTAIN SPOTTED FEVER; TULAREMIA; BABESIOSIS; AFRICAN SWINE FEVER; and RELAPSING FEVER. (From Barnes, Invertebrate Zoology, 5th ed, pp543-44)Ixodes: The largest genus of TICKS in the family IXODIDAE, containing over 200 species. Many infest humans and other mammals and several are vectors of diseases such as LYME DISEASE, tick-borne encephalitis (ENCEPHALITIS, TICK-BORNE), and KYASANUR FOREST DISEASE.Tick Infestations: Infestations with soft-bodied (Argasidae) or hard-bodied (Ixodidae) ticks.Arachnid Vectors: Members of the class Arachnida, especially SPIDERS; SCORPIONS; MITES; and TICKS; which transmit infective organisms from one host to another or from an inanimate reservoir to an animate host.Nymph: The immature stage in the life cycle of those orders of insects characterized by gradual metamorphosis, in which the young resemble the imago in general form of body, including compound eyes and external wings; also the 8-legged stage of mites and ticks that follows the first moult.Cochlear Nerve: The cochlear part of the 8th cranial nerve (VESTIBULOCOCHLEAR NERVE). The cochlear nerve fibers originate from neurons of the SPIRAL GANGLION and project peripherally to cochlear hair cells and centrally to the cochlear nuclei (COCHLEAR NUCLEUS) of the BRAIN STEM. They mediate the sense of hearing.Fibromyalgia: A common nonarticular rheumatic syndrome characterized by myalgia and multiple points of focal muscle tenderness to palpation (trigger points). Muscle pain is typically aggravated by inactivity or exposure to cold. This condition is often associated with general symptoms, such as sleep disturbances, fatigue, stiffness, HEADACHES, and occasionally DEPRESSION. There is significant overlap between fibromyalgia and the chronic fatigue syndrome (FATIGUE SYNDROME, CHRONIC). Fibromyalgia may arise as a primary or secondary disease process. It is most frequent in females aged 20 to 50 years. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1494-95)Phosphopyruvate Hydratase: A hydro-lyase that catalyzes the dehydration of 2-phosphoglycerate to form PHOSPHOENOLPYRUVATE. Several different isoforms of this enzyme exist, each with its own tissue specificity.Gene Expression Profiling: The determination of the pattern of genes expressed at the level of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION, under specific circumstances or in a specific cell.Transferrin: An iron-binding beta1-globulin that is synthesized in the LIVER and secreted into the blood. It plays a central role in the transport of IRON throughout the circulation. A variety of transferrin isoforms exist in humans, including some that are considered markers for specific disease states.Pain Insensitivity, Congenital: A syndrome characterized by indifference to PAIN despite the ability to distinguish noxious from non-noxious stimuli. Absent corneal reflexes and INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY may be associated. Familial forms with autosomal recessive and autosomal dominant patterns of inheritance have been described. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1343)Empathy: An individual's objective and insightful awareness of the feelings and behavior of another person. It should be distinguished from sympathy, which is usually nonobjective and noncritical. It includes caring, which is the demonstration of an awareness of and a concern for the good of others. (From Bioethics Thesaurus, 1992)
... s are antimicrobial proteins found in saliva. Histatins are antimicrobial and antifungal proteins, and have been found ... PMID 16859632 Salivary proteins as a defense against dietary tannins. Shimada T. Journal of Chemical Ecology 2006 Jun;32(6): ...
Members of this family are the peptidase inhibitor madanin proteins. These proteins were isolated from tick saliva. Bromelain ... enzymes that aid the breakdown of proteins). Many naturally occurring protease inhibitors are proteins. In medicine, protease ... The yeast killer toxin structure was thought to be a precursor of the two-domain beta gamma-crystallin proteins, because of its ... One of these proteins from Streptomyces nigrescens, is the well characterised metalloproteinase inhibitor SMPI. The structure ...
"UCLA Team Develops Sensor for Detecting Protein Biomarkers in Saliva". GenomeWeb.com. Retrieved 2016-08-17. "Archived copy". ... "Optical protein sensor for detecting cancer markers in saliva". Biosensors and Bioelectronics. 24 (2): 266-71. doi:10.1016/j. ...
This protein is abundantly found in salivary glands and saliva and protein may play a role in the reversible hydratation of ... Henkin RI, Lippoldt RE, Bilstad J, Edelhoch H (February 1975). "A zinc protein isolated from human parotid saliva". Proceedings ... It is also called 'gustin' because of its presence in saliva, and lower-than-normal levels of salivary zinc in individuals with ... The protein encoded by this gene is one of several isozymes of carbonic anhydrase. ...
As noted above, the amount of the allergenic protein present on the dander and in saliva varies by breed. Also, the amount of ... The significant allergens are proteins found in the dog's saliva and dander. Some studies have suggested that the production of ... However, protein expression levels play a major role and amount of shedding alone does not determine degree of allergic ... Breeds that shed less are more likely to be hypoallergenic, since the dog's dander and saliva stick to the hair and are not ...
"Latherin: A Surfactant Protein of Horse Sweat and Saliva". PLoS ONE. 4 (5): e5726. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0005726. PMC ... The allergy is not due to the sweat itself but instead to an allergy-producing protein secreted by bacteria found on the skin. ...
"Partial purification and characterization of a polymorphic protein (Pa) in human parotid saliva". Am. J. Hum. Genet. 27 (3): ... Salivary acidic proline-rich phosphoprotein 1/2 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the PRH1 gene. ENSG00000277823 GRCh38 ... "Entrez Gene: PRH1 proline-rich protein HaeIII subfamily 1". Friedman RD, Merritt AD (1990). " ... "Structures of two HaeIII-type genes in the human salivary proline-rich protein multigene family". J Biol Chem. 261 (15): 6712-8 ...
Many tannin-consuming animals secrete a tannin-binding protein (mucin) in their saliva. Tannin-binding capacity of salivary ... Salivary proline-rich proteins (PRPs) are sometimes used to inactivate tannins. One reason is that they inactivate tannins to a ... Salivary proteins as a defense against dietary tannins. Shimada T. Journal of Chemical Ecology 2006 Jun;32(6):1149-63. "The ... This chill haze can be prevented by removing part of the tannins or part of the haze-forming proteins. Tannins are removed ...
Medicinal leeches have been found to secrete saliva containing about 60 different proteins. These achieve a wide variety of ... It is also thought that the saliva contains an anesthetic, as leech bites are generally not painful. The first description of ... Several of these secreted proteins serve as anticoagulants (such as hirudin), platelet aggregation inhibitors (most notably ... Baskova, I.P.; Zavalova, Basanova; Moshkovskii, Zgoda (November 2004). "Protein Profiling of the Medicinal Leech Salivary Gland ...
Fel d1 is a protein primarily found in cat saliva and sebaceous glands. Those with cat allergies may react worse to direct ... In the Devon Rex mutation a residual activity of the protein still exists. The Selkirk Rex allele (sadr) is dominant over the ... Allergies to cats are triggered by a protein called Fel d1, not cat hair itself. ...
"Protein Buffering in Model Systems and in Whole Human Saliva". PLoS ONE. 2 (2): e263. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0000263. PMC ... is used as a protein dye in biochemistry for differentiating and detecting different proteins in laboratory settings. In recent ... For protein detection, it is advantageous to use fluorescent labels containing chromophores which have longer excitation ... used RuBPS as a fluorescent label for protein detection in polyacrylamide gels. The fact that RuBPS is not only easy to ...
Aquaporin-5 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the AQP5 gene. Aquaporin 5 (AQP5) is a water channel protein. Aquaporins ... Aquaporin 5 plays a role in the generation of saliva, tears and pulmonary secretions. AQP0, AQP2, AQP5, and AQP6 are closely ... 2005). "Towards a proteome-scale map of the human protein-protein interaction network". Nature. 437 (7062): 1173-8. doi:10.1038 ... AQP5 protein, human at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) Human AQP5 genome location and AQP5 ...
The protein increases the lag phase as well as the height of the peak of thrombin generation when in plasma, leading to ... Draculin (named after Count Dracula) is a glycoprotein found in the saliva of vampire bats. It is composed of 411 amino acids, ... The protein has shown promise when treating ischemic strokes, which account for the majority of strokes. It is effective for up ... However, there is no significant change in overall protein content during this time. After a 4-day period of rest, ...
... tears and saliva. The hydrophobic leader sequence indicates that the protein is normally secreted. There are three ... it prevents the breakdown of proteins outside the cell by a specific type of protein degrading enzymes). Cystatin C belongs to ... Cystatin: a protein that flips out! QUite Interesting PDB Structure article at PDBe The MEROPS online database for peptidases ... Cystatin C was first described as 'gamma-trace' in 1961 as a trace protein together with other ones (such as beta-trace) in the ...
The active anticoagulant component of leech saliva is a small protein, hirudin. Discovery and isolation of this protein led to ... However, unzipping of the protein can start from either the amino (tail) or carboxyl (head) terminal-end of the protein ... Leech salivae are commonly believed to contain anesthetic compounds to numb the bite area, but this has never been proven. ... The wound will also continue to bleed for a while due to the anticoagulant hirudin in the leech's saliva. The combined effect ...
The protein encoded by this gene is a proline-rich salivary protein. It is a major constituent of parotid saliva. This protein ... Basic salivary proline-rich protein 3 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the PRB3 gene. ... This gene and five other genes that also encode salivary proline-rich proteins (PRPs), as well as a gene encoding a lacrimal ... "Entrez Gene: PRB3 proline-rich protein BstNI subfamily 3". Azen EA, Maeda N (1988). "Molecular genetics of human salivary ...
Novel proteins are any protein that is not a common ingredient in dog food, and therefore not a common allergen. Novel protein ... The primary cause of dog fleas is the saliva of fleas that irritates dog's skin. Similar to mosquitoes, fleas suck the blood ... The ingredients that are commonly behind these allergic responses are usually in-tact proteins. Protein sources that commonly ...
The toxic saliva of the predatory assassin bugs contains a complex mixture of small and large peptides for diverse uses such as ... One of these small proteins, Ptu1, blocks reversibly the N-type calcium channels, but at the same time is less specific for the ... Insect toxins are various protein toxins produced by insect species. Assassin bugs, sometimes known as kissing bugs, are one of ... February 2004). "Solution structure of ADO1, a toxin extracted from the saliva of the assassin bug, Agriosphodrus dohrni". ...
Aedes aegypti produce saliva that contains over one hundred unique proteins, including the protein family D7. Scientists use to ... capsid protein C, membrane protein M, envelope protein E) and seven nonstructural proteins (NS1, NS2a, NS2b, NS3, NS4a, NS4b, ... The M protein then acts as a transmembrane protein under the E-protein shell of the mature virion. The pr peptide stays ... These proteins act on two levels : NS4B it is a small hydrophobic protein located in association with the endoplasmic reticulum ...
Tannin-binding proteins in saliva of deer and their absence in saliva of sheep and cattle. J Chem Ecol. 1989 Apr;15(4):1335-47 ... During grazing, ruminants produce large amounts of saliva - estimates range from 100 to 150 litres of saliva per day for a cow ... due to the presence in their saliva of tannin-binding proteins. The Law of Moses in the Bible only allowed the eating of ... and protein. The VFA propionate is used for around 70% of the glucose and glycogen produced and protein for another 20% (50% ...
The protein is an S-type cystatin, based on its high level of expression in saliva, tears and seminal plasma. The specific role ... Isemura S, Saitoh E, Sanada K (1985). "Isolation and amino acid sequence of SAP-1, an acidic protein of human whole saliva, and ... 1996). "Protein composition of whole and parotid saliva in healthy and periodontitis subjects. Determination of cystatins, ... Cystatin-S is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CST4 gene. The cystatin superfamily encompasses proteins that contain ...
It is very similar in structure to statherin, a protein contained in saliva. FDC-SP is an 68-amino acid protein containing a ... FDC-SP or follicular dendritic cell-secreted protein, is a small, secreted protein, located on chromosome 4 in humans. It is ... These proteins allow for the phagocytosis of bacteria by binding to them. Stathrin has been proposed to have similar properties ... Adjacent to the signal peptide, the protein contains a highly charged N-terminal sequence. The C-terminal half of FDC-SP is ...
... a human saliva protein exhibiting anti-human immunodeficiency virus 1 activity in vitro". The Journal of Clinical Investigation ... Complete amino acid sequence as revealed by protein and cDNA sequencing and structural homology to whey proteins and Red Sea ... Increased levels of SLPI in saliva and plasma may also be an indicator of HIV infection. This is evident due to the virtual ... Studies have shown that decreasing levels of SLPI in saliva also decreases its anti-HIV activity. What makes SLPI such a topic ...
"Basic proline-rich proteins from human parotid saliva: complete covalent structure of protein IB-9 and partial structure of ... Basic salivary proline-rich protein 1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the PRB1 gene. The protein encoded by this gene ... "Basic proline-rich proteins from human parotid saliva: complete covalent structures of proteins IB-1 and IB-6". Biochemistry. ... This gene and five other genes that also encode salivary proline-rich proteins (PRPs), as well as a gene encoding a lacrimal ...
of saliva per day. Nutritional sources of energy are fat and carbohydrates. Protein is a critical building block for muscles ... Soybean meal is a common protein supplement, and averages about 44% crude protein. The protein in soybean meal is high-quality ... The main building blocks of protein are amino acids. Alfalfa and other legumes in hay are good sources of protein that can be ... Most adult horses only require 8-10% protein in their diet; however, higher protein is important for lactating mares and young ...
Atromentin and leucomelone possess antibacterial activity, inhibiting the enzyme enoyl-acyl carrier protein reductase, ( ... "A fatal form of septicaemia in the rabbit produced by the subcutaneous injection of human saliva. An experimental research". ... and Maclyn McCarty demonstrated that the transforming factor in Griffith's experiment was not protein, as was widely believed ... pneumoniae is associated with increased resistance to oxidative stress and increased expression of the RecA protein, a key ...
... immune-related proteins »molecular fingerprints »proteins »saliva »saliva proteins ... immune-related proteins , molecular fingerprints , proteins , saliva , saliva proteins ... Saliva Proteins Change as Women Age 23.11.2009. In a step toward using human saliva to tell whether those stiff joints, memory ... The scientists analyzed saliva proteins in healthy women aged 20-30 and 55-65. They identified 293 proteins differed between ...
To identify the protein composition of the aphid saliva, the researchers collected saliva from more than 100,000 aphids. Using ... "A protein from the bacterium, found in the aphid saliva and likely delivered inside the plant host by the aphid, triggers plant ... GroEL and additional proteins from insect bacteria probably are delivered to plants through insect saliva and contribute to ... Since most aphids harbor Buchnera, and likely have GroEL in their saliva, this bacterial protein may generally alert plants of ...
Equids therefore may have adapted an oral/salivary mucosal protein for two purposes peculiar to their lifestyle, namely their ... Neutron reflection experiments indicate that this detergent-like activity is associated with the formation of a dense protein ... non-glycosylated protein. The amino acid sequence of latherin, determined from cDNA analysis, is highly conserved across four ... suggesting that significant conformational change or unfolding of the protein is required for assembly of the air-water ...
Saliva may be the key to explaining the age and sex bias exhibited by influenza and other diseases, according to a new study. ... Saliva Proteins May Protect Older People from Influenza. June 12, 2013 Saliva may be the key to explaining the age and sex bias ... Saliva also contains germ-fighting proteins that are a first-line defense against infections. Scientists already knew that ... might thank their saliva. Glycoproteins in saliva of people age 65 and over were more efficient in binding to influenza than ...
Application of M13 phage display for identifying immunogenic proteins from tick (Ixodes scapularis) saliva.. Becker M1,2,3, ... Application of M13 phage display for identifying immunogenic proteins from tick (Ixodes scapularis) saliva ... Application of M13 phage display for identifying immunogenic proteins from tick (Ixodes scapularis) saliva ... Application of M13 phage display for identifying immunogenic proteins from tick (Ixodes scapularis) saliva ...
Structure and ligand-binding properties of the biogenic amine-binding protein from the saliva of a blood-feeding insect vector ... Structure and ligand-binding properties of the biogenic amine-binding protein from the saliva of a blood-feeding insect vector ... Structure and ligand-binding properties of the biogenic amine-binding protein from the saliva of a blood-feeding insect vector ... Structure and ligand-binding properties of the biogenic amine-binding protein from the saliva of a blood-feeding insect vector ...
... individual saliva proteins were examined. Of those proteins examined, only secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor (SLPI) was ... Secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor: a human saliva protein exhibiting anti-human immunodeficiency virus 1 activity in vitro ... Partial depletion of SLPI in whole saliva resulted in decreased anti-HIV-1 activity of saliva. These data indicate that SLPI ... Infection of adherent primary monocytes with HIV-1Ba-L is significantly suppressed in the presence of human saliva. By reverse ...
We also identified proteins unique to each of the three mammals, because differences in the secreted protein constitutions can ... The 89 shared proteins in this comparison apparently represent a core of highly-expressed human salivary proteins. Of the ... We recently published the first rodent saliva proteomes with saliva collected from the genome mouse (C57BL/6) and the genome ... one-half to 2/3 lack signal peptides and probably are contaminants instead of less highly-represented salivary proteins. ...
Saliva of both genera Phlebotomus and Lutzomyia contains significant levels of endogenous protein phosphatase-1/2A-like ... Sand fly saliva also promotes leishmaniasis by suppressing immunologic functions of macrophages. Saliva of Phlebotomus papatasi ... papatasi saliva as well as pure adenosine down-regulate the expression of the inducible nitric oxide (NO) synthase gene in ... papatasi, but not Lutzomyia longipalpis, saliva inhibits the production of NO. Taken together, these data suggest that salivary ...
... life adversity is associated with adult elevations of inflammatory markers such as circulating levels of C-reactive protein ( ...
Heat shock protein 70 usually located in the cytoplasm, it plays an important role has a chaperone. It said to have anti- ... Saliva as a Biomarker of Heat Shock Protein in Chronic Renal Disease Mithra N Hegde1, Nireeksha2* and Shilpa Shetty3 ... Citation: Hegde MN, Nireeksha, Shetty S (2016) Saliva as a Biomarker of Heat Shock Protein in Chronic Renal Disease. J ... Heat shock protein; Renal dialysis; Stress response. Introduction. The presence of a specific group of proteins in the fruitfly ...
Our data suggest that ticks of the same species differentially express tick saliva proteins (TSPs) when stimulated to start ... Our data suggest that ticks of the same species differentially express tick saliva proteins (TSPs) when stimulated to start ... signal transduction and immunity-related proteins being the most predominant in saliva of unfed ticks. With exception of ... americanum ticks expressed unique protein profiles in their saliva when stimulated to start feeding on different hosts: rabbit ...
Kern and colleagues found that an enzyme in saliva called alpha-amylase, the blood protein albumin, and the muscle protein ... A compound in saliva, along with common proteins in blood and muscle, may protect human cells from powerful toxins in tea, ... Compounds in Saliva and Common Body Proteins May Fend Off DNA-Damaging Chemicals in Tea, Coffee and Liquid Smoke. ... Kern emphasized that the saliva enzyme and the proteins did not protect against chemotherapeutic drugs, which can also damage ...
... proteins in insect saliva must modulate plant defense responses to the benefit of the insect. A range of insect saliva proteins ... An Immuno-Suppressive Aphid Saliva Protein Is Delivered into the Cytosol of Plant Mesophyll Cells During Feeding. 10th November ... In contrast, another aphid effector protein localizes in the sheaths composed of gelling saliva that surround the aphid stylets ... An Immuno-Suppressive Aphid Saliva Protein Is Delivered into the Cytosol of Plant Mesophyll Cells During Feeding. ...
Conclusions In conclusion, this study shows the presence of differentially expressed proteins in the saliva of FM patients, ... THU0309 Proteomic Differential Expressed Protein in Fibromyalgic Saliva: Comparison with Other Pain Model as Rheumathoid ... THU0309 Proteomic Differential Expressed Protein in Fibromyalgic Saliva: Comparison with Other Pain Model as Rheumathoid ... Results The analysis of the protein profiles allowed us to find 26 spots with a different expression in FM respect to RA (p- ...
... reactive protein levels in patients with acute urticaria, Nivedita L. Rao, Sukanya Shetty, Jyothi D?Souza, Prasad R. M, Vishal ... Estimation of C-reactive protein in saliva. The concentration of CRP in saliva was estimated by Enzyme- Linked ImmunoSorbent ... Saliva C- reactive protein levels in patients with acute urticaria. Nivedita L. Rao1*, Sukanya Shetty2, Jyothi DSouza1, Prasad ... C-reactive protein, estimation, saliva, acute urticaria, inflammatory marker. Introduction. Acute urticaria is a common skin ...
... has been identified as a saliva-based inflamma.. ... reactive protein (CRP), an acute-phase reactant and a non- ... Saliva C- reactive protein levels in patients with acute urticaria. C -reactive protein (CRP), an acute-phase reactant and a ... CRP levels in saliva were estimated using an Enzyme- Linked ImmunoSorbent Assay me-thod with enhanced sensitivity. Saliva CRP ... Saliva CRP levels appear to have the potential to serve as non-invasive markers of systemic inflammatory status in patients ...
Effects of meloxicam administration on protein metabolism and growth performance in transported Jersey calves G.E.Chibisa, J.R. ... Presence of Round Cells Proteins do not Interfere with Identification of Human Sperm Proteins from Frozen Semen Samples by LC- ... A proteome-wide screen of Campylobacter jejuni using protein microarrays identifies novel and conformational antigens Aug 15, ... Short communication: Effects of meloxicam administration on protein metabolism and growth performance in transported Jersey ...
The proteins in the saliva samples were subjected to denaturing buffer and digested enzymatically with LysC and trypsin. The ... To identify characteristics of diseased and healthy saliva we thus wanted to compare saliva metaproteomes from patients with ... Conclusions Overexpression of proteins related to the complement system and inflammation seems to correlate with oral disease ... Methods Stimulated saliva samples were collected from 10 patients with periodontitis, 10 patients with dental caries and 10 ...
The effect of cotton-based collection methods on eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) concentrations detected in saliva. ... The effect of cotton-based collection methods on eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) concentrations detected in saliva. Journal ...
Most people wake up with saliva in their mouth, which is instantly swallowed once that person wakes up. While sleeping,... ... You do not swallow saliva in your sleep because facial muscles are relaxed. ... How are genes and proteins related?. * Q: Where are chromosomes located?. * Q: Do free amino acids have peptide bonds?. ... You do not swallow saliva in your sleep because facial muscles are relaxed. Most people wake up with saliva in their mouth, ...
Using recombinant proteins from Lutzomyia longipalpis saliva to estimate human vector exposure in visceral leishmaniasis ... Canine leishmaniosis Phlebotomus perniciosus Saliva proteins Markers of exposure Longitudinal study North-east Spain ... Correlation results between antibody response to P. perniciosus saliva and L. infantum were low both for SGH (rS = 0.27, 95% CI ... The recombinant protein rSP03B is a valid antigen for screening dog exposure to Phlebotomus perniciosus across foci of canine ...
Here, we evaluated the biological activity of hematobin (HTB), a protein recently identified in the H. irritans saliva, on ... The goal was to understand the putative interactions between the components of H. irritans saliva and the early host immune ... The presence of the salivary protein in the cultures inhibited nitric oxide production and decreased the inducible nitric oxide ... We describe here the first bioactive salivary protein of H. irritans. We characterized its ability to modulate macrophage ...
Identification of Dermacentor andersoni saliva proteins that modulate mammalian phagocyte function  Mudenda, Lwiindi (2015) ...
Saliva is an exocrine solution consisting of 99% water. The remaining 1% consists of a variety of electrolytes and proteins.1 ... When the saliva pH or the plaque pH is below a critical value of about 5.5, the saliva or plaque becomes unsaturated with ... This bicarbonate raises the pH of the saliva and greatly increases its buffering power: the saliva is, therefore, much more ... During sleep, saliva flow rate is minimal.9 People who complain of dry mouth do not necessarily have a very low flow rate; ...
  • Partial depletion of SLPI in whole saliva resulted in decreased anti-HIV-1 activity of saliva. (jci.org)
  • Unstimulated, whole saliva was collected by passive drooling as described previously [ 9 ] at least 2 hours after any food intake. (alliedacademies.org)
  • Immunostaining results of cells from whole saliva. (mcponline.org)
  • The entire process consisting of sample preparation, three-step peptide fractionation, and data scoring is summarized, ultimately leading to a high confidence catalogue of proteins from cells in whole saliva. (mcponline.org)
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the activities of the total acid phosphatase (TAP), tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP), low molecular weight protein tyrosine phosphatase (LMW-PTP) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) enzymes, as well as the possible correlation in the serum and in unstimulated whole saliva of children. (bvsalud.org)
  • In contrast, mucins decreased 8 , 9 , while transforming growth factor-α, IgG and IgA increased with age 10 , 11 in whole saliva. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Hs-CRP levels were assayed in stimulated whole saliva and serum before and after intervention by the ELISA method and were statistically analyzed by the paired student's t test. (ajaums.com)
  • To address this question, 32 strains representing 16 genera commonly isolated from early plaque biofilms were compared for growth over two transfers in stimulated (by chewing Parafilm) whole saliva that was stabilized by heat treatment and dialysis. (asm.org)
  • In the present study, calprotectin levels in plasma and whole saliva were analysed and evaluated as potential markers of SS and salivary gland disease activity. (geoscience.net)
  • To identify the protein composition of the aphid saliva, the researchers collected saliva from more than 100,000 aphids. (redorbit.com)
  • Researchers tested whether saliva could be used to measure the levels of Htt protein, a strategy that has been successfully used in other neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. (huntingtonsdiseasenews.com)
  • Aiming to identify potential Sjögren's syndrome biomarkers, researchers in South Korea examined different proteins in the blood and saliva of Sjögren's syndrome patients, and compared them with levels seen in healthy controls, patients with eye and mouth dryness not caused by Sjögren's, and SLE patients. (sjogrenssyndromenews.com)
  • In a scientific session on "Oral Fluid Diagnostics", to be held during the 87th General Session of the International Association for Dental Research, convening today at the Miami Beach Convention Center, researchers will showcase a remarkable spectrum of research outcomes that expands the clinical applications of saliva based on 'diagnostic toolboxes', as well as establishing foundational mechanistic insights into salivary diagnostics. (medindia.net)
  • For the first time, a saliva test that can detect and gauge the efficiency of treatment for Type 2 diabetes has been developed by researchers from India and Oregon. (medindia.net)
  • Saliva-based HIV test could be accurate, researchers say. (medindia.net)
  • A new study by researchers from the UK and Germany and published on the preprint server bioRxiv in June 2020 reports the results of a detailed study of the S protein on the intact virus, using cryoelectron microscopy (cryoEM) and tomography. (news-medical.net)
  • In a study that could help one day give a literal meaning to food for thought, researchers from Kyushu University in Japan have reported that a protein fragment that makes its way into the brain after being ingested can reduce memory degradation in mice treated to simulate Alzheimer's disease. (news-medical.net)
  • Using saliva samples contributed by 34 pairs of identical male twins between the ages of 21 and 55, UCLA researchers scoured the men's genomes and identified 88 sites on the DNA that strongly correlated methylation to age. (healthcanal.com)
  • Journal of Proteins and Proteomics administered by Proteomics Society of India (PSI), is a peer reviewed international journal envisaged to serve the worldwide community of researchers and teachers dealing with the challenges of proteins and proteomics research resulting in an improved understanding of protein science in general. (springer.com)
  • A PROTEIN in saliva makes HIV less infectious by grabbing a molecular hook on the virus that it needs to infect white blood cells, researchers in the US have discovered. (newscientist.com)
  • The researchers compared the salivary proteins of humans and our closest evolutionary relatives: gorillas and chimpanzees. (buffalo.edu)
  • The researchers believe that humans, who no longer grow fur coats and don't engage in social grooming, lost the need to produce the protein. (buffalo.edu)
  • Researchers said on Tuesday they had created saliva glands and tear glands using stem cells from mice, marking a further advance in the quest to grow replacement bio-engineered organs. (medicalxpress.com)
  • Curcumin, the main component in the spice turmeric, suppresses a cell signaling pathway that drives the growth of head and neck cancer, according to a pilot study using human saliva by researchers at UCLA's Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center. (eurekalert.org)
  • Living on Earth's Diane Toomey reports that researchers are examining the ingredients of tick saliva to create a vaccine against Lyme disease. (loe.org)
  • Researchers are now in the process of screening saliva proteins for promising vaccine candidates. (loe.org)
  • Parameters: Δ H = −12.0 ± 0.2 kcal mol −1 , K assoc = (2.7 ± 0.3) × 10 6 M −1 , T Δ S = −3.06 kcal mol −1 , N = 1.12 ± 0.01 molecules ligand bound per protein molecule. (nih.gov)
  • Research on the composition of the saliva and the presence of periodontal and other disease markers became intensive again thanks to the development of laboratory nanotechnologies that pushed detection limits of various metabolites, signal molecules, hormones, and other substances by several orders of magnitude. (hindawi.com)
  • Most metabolites, cytokines, signal molecules, or hormones move in a certain amount by passive filtration into saliva and their levels in saliva reflect their levels in plasma. (hindawi.com)
  • Therefore, detection of these molecules in saliva is only a matter of the detection limits of new analytical methods. (hindawi.com)
  • Saliva is a very complex system which includes not only both its own components and sulcular fluid components, microorganisms, and products of inflammation ongoing in periodontium, but also metabolites and signal molecules accompanying remote processes. (hindawi.com)
  • The later may in part be due to different glycans - complex sugar molecules - attached to the proteins", says Ruhl. (buffalo.edu)
  • We previously found that salivary components from the submandibular and sublingual glands bind to P. gingivalis fimbriae and that acidic proline-rich protein (PRP) and statherin function as receptor molecules for fimbriae. (asm.org)
  • Human salivary PRPs (SPRPs) are composed of heterogeneous molecules that are rich in saliva from the parotid and submandibular and sublingual glands. (asm.org)
  • The inhibition of the cell signaling pathway also correlated with reduced expression of a number of pro-inflammatory cytokines, or signaling molecules, in the saliva that promote cancer growth, said Dr. Marilene Wang, a professor of head and neck surgery, senior author of the study and a Jonsson Cancer Center researcher. (eurekalert.org)
  • In biology and biochemistry, protease inhibitors are molecules that inhibit the function of proteases (enzymes that aid the breakdown of proteins). (wikipedia.org)
  • Like blood, it contains many genetically encoded proteins and RNA molecules. (poconorecord.com)
  • This protein functions in the regulation of blood plasma colloid osmotic pressure and acts as a carrier protein for a wide range of endogenous molecules including hormones, fatty acids, and metabolites, as well as exogenous drugs. (genecards.org)
  • We would like to understand how these proteins are able to modulate host metabolism and identify their host targets," she said. (redorbit.com)
  • A growing body of evidence suggests that, for successful colonization to occur, (effector/virulence) proteins in insect saliva must modulate plant defense responses to the benefit of the insect. (jic.ac.uk)
  • A range of insect saliva proteins that modulate plant defense responses have been identified, but there is no direct evidence that these proteins are delivered into specific plant tissues and enter plant cells. (jic.ac.uk)
  • b ) Amino-acid sequence alignment of the ABP-coding sequence produced as recombinant protein with the related proteins NP2 and NP4. (nih.gov)
  • January and April 2017) to assess the canine humoral immune response to whole salivary gland homogenate (SGH) and to the single salivary 43 kDa yellow-related recombinant protein (rSP03B) of Phlebotomus perniciosus , a proven vector of L. infantum naturally present in this region. (springer.com)
  • GroEL and additional proteins from insect bacteria probably are delivered to plants through insect saliva and contribute to shaping plant-insect interactions. (redorbit.com)
  • In some cases, these data will be evaluated with data for the oral flora present in the saliva and plaque of these patient groups and relate the presence and levels of particular bacteria to the proteomic profile. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Although saliva is widely recognized as a primary source of carbon and nitrogen for growth of the dental plaque biofilm community, little is known about how different oral bacteria utilize specific salivary components. (asm.org)
  • In contrast, saliva from cultures of other bacteria was indistinguishable from control saliva. (asm.org)
  • IMPORTANCE Bacteria in the mouth use saliva for nutrition. (asm.org)
  • How each of the many types of bacteria uses saliva is not clear. (asm.org)
  • We show that a major protein in saliva, called PRG, is an important nutrition source for certain bacteria but not for others. (asm.org)
  • The bacteria that can grow by digesting this protein break the sugar chains into parts which not only support their own growth but could also be available to support the growth of those bacteria that cannot use the intact protein. (asm.org)
  • Dental plaque biofilm development involves an array of specific interactions between bacteria and saliva, beginning with the attachment of early colonizers, including Streptococcus sanguinis , Streptococcus oralis , Streptococcus gordonii , and Streptococcus mitis , through binding to salivary components in the acquired enamel pellicle ( 1 , 2 ). (asm.org)
  • Growth of bacteria, measured as an increase in optical density (OD), was noted in saliva inoculated with dental plaque ( 6 ) but not in saliva inoculated with monocultures of Streptococcus spp. (asm.org)
  • That s because it usually takes a full 24 hours for Lyme bacteria to travel from the tick s gut into its saliva. (loe.org)
  • So to buy them time, one local citrus company is developing something more like an arboreal vaccine, using a genetically modified virus to deliver bacteria-killing spinach proteins. (wired.com)
  • Adults with high caries activity (HC) and without caries lesions (CF), assessed by ICDAS criteria, were asked to provide unstimulated saliva samples. (bvsalud.org)
  • In this essay I am looking at the antiviral properties of saliva, I will concentrate on just a few of the various constituents in saliva, because the body of research available is too large for me to cover in depth every salivary component and its antiviral properties. (ukessays.com)
  • Many of the functions and properties of saliva are dependent upon proteins secreted by different glands. (ukessays.com)
  • The physical and chemical properties of saliva are essential for the preservation of dental health [ 7 ]. (medsci.org)
  • In conclusion, immediate refeeding with CHO-PRO evoked a greater saliva lysozyme concentration during the first hour of recovery after prolonged exercise than ingestion of placebo but had minimal impact on saliva α-amylase and SIgA responses. (humankinetics.com)
  • It has been argued that specific salivary proteins could have a protective effect against caries, but data from the many available studies are rather contradictory. (bvsalud.org)
  • Furthermore, the proteins differentially expressed in FM respect to the control classes, were functionally analyzed by using the Ingenuity Pathways Analysis software with the aim to determine the predominant canonical pathways and the interaction network involved. (bmj.com)
  • Conclusions In conclusion, this study shows the presence of differentially expressed proteins in the saliva of FM patients, probably related to the disease. (bmj.com)
  • They seem to have some innate ability to respond to the damage or sense it and somehow protect themselves against it, even in the absence of albumin, muscle proteins or saliva components. (healthcanal.com)
  • Ninety percent of serum cortisol circulates bound to cortisol binding globulin, 5% to generic binding proteins, such as albumin and α-1 glycoprotein, and only 5% is unbound or 'free' [ 1 ]. (omicsonline.org)
  • In bile, albumin (155-1,485 micrograms/ml) was the predominant protein, followed by IgG (32-480 micrograms/ml), and total IgA (37-209 micrograms/ml). (jci.org)
  • In saliva, p-IgA (72-902 micrograms/ml) predominated, followed by albumin (16-385 micrograms/ml) and IgG (9-178 micrograms/ml). (jci.org)
  • ALB (Albumin) is a Protein Coding gene. (genecards.org)
  • Current methods for diagnosing the condition focus on identifying the presence of specific disease autoantibodies, measuring eye integrity as well as tear and saliva production, and doing biopsies. (sjogrenssyndromenews.com)
  • Samples of serum and saliva were taken and measured for cortisol and cortisone by LC-MS/MS. Serum cortisol was corrected for saturable binding using published data and pharmacokinetic parameters derived using the program WinNonlin. (omicsonline.org)
  • These data indicate that SLPI has antiretroviral activity and may contribute to the important antiviral activity of saliva associated with the infrequent oral transmission of HIV-1. (jci.org)
  • Saliva and serum samples were evaluated for Heat shock protein 70 by ELIZA Method (Enzyme -linked immunoassay for heat shock protein 70) and statistical analysis was done with independent student't' test. (omicsonline.org)
  • Kern emphasized that the saliva enzyme and the proteins did not protect against chemotherapeutic drugs, which can also damage DNA, a fact suggesting that defenses against PLPs may have evolved over time, in response to natural plant compounds that have been part of human diets for a long time. (healthcanal.com)
  • Serotransferrin is an iron binding transport protein, responsible for the transport of iron from sites of absorption to those of storage and utilization, and alpha-enolase is a multifunctional enzyme that, as well as its role in glycolysis, plays a part in various processes such as growth control, hypoxia tolerance and allergic responses. (bmj.com)
  • CRP levels in saliva were estimated using an Enzyme- Linked ImmunoSorbent Assay me-thod with enhanced sensitivity. (alliedacademies.org)
  • In the present study a newly developed Enzyme- Linked ImmunoSorbent Assay (ELISA) method with a low limit of detection for CRP was used for its estimation in saliva. (alliedacademies.org)
  • MUC5B and MUC7 content in saliva supernatant were estimated using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent sandwich assay (ELISA). (medsci.org)
  • Older women had almost twice as many immune-related proteins than younger women. (innovations-report.com)
  • The aim of this study was to use an oligopeptide phage display strategy to identify immunogenic salivary gland proteins from I. scapularis that are recognized by human immune sera. (nih.gov)
  • In fact, also the network built with our proteins highlights the involvement of inflammatory response in FM and the immune cell trafficking. (bmj.com)
  • The goal was to understand the putative interactions between the components of H. irritans saliva and the early host immune responses. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Dryness of the eyes and mouth are a hallmark of Sjögren's syndrome , a chronic autoimmune condition where immune cells infiltrate and damage certain glands in the body, such as those producing tears and saliva. (sjogrenssyndromenews.com)
  • The majority of the proteins identified in the two age groups belonged to the defense and immune response category. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • People with Sjogren's syndrome, an auto-immune disease of unknown origin that causes severe drying of the mouth, eyes, and other mucosal surfaces, have serious problems with tooth decay, as do many people whose saliva glands stop functioning after certain medical procedures. (technologyreview.com)
  • For instance, a vaccine containing the proteins that inhibit pain response would train your immune system to disable those proteins. (loe.org)
  • By triggering an immune response to mosquito saliva, it may be able to protect against Zika as well as dengue fever, West Nile, and malaria. (the-scientist.com)
  • The objective of the present study was to estimate saliva CRP levels in patients with acute urticaria. (alliedacademies.org)
  • There was a tendency for increased total levels of Htt protein in saliva from early premanifest (EPM) patients when compared to normal controls, but the difference was not sufficient to reach statistical significance. (huntingtonsdiseasenews.com)
  • Methods We constructed antigen microarrays with canonical antigens of SLE as well as cytokines to characterise autoantibodies in matched saliva and serum derived from 17 SLE patients and 13 healthy controls. (bmj.com)
  • Saliva can often be contaminated by blood, especially in patients with periodontitis. (hindawi.com)
  • Next, saliva was collected from 12 gingivitis and 10 control patients before and after dental hygiene treatment. (hindawi.com)
  • The blood contamination in saliva is more common in individuals suffering from poor oral health and in patients with gingivitis or periodontitis. (hindawi.com)
  • Another group explores the methylation status of genomic DNA contents of 807 cancer-associated genes in the saliva of oral cancer patients. (medindia.net)
  • Unable to carry signals based on sights and sounds to the genes that record memories, a broken shuttle protein may hinder learning in patients with intellectual disability, schizophrenia, and autism. (news-medical.net)
  • In this study, saliva is to be sampled in patients with head and neck radiation, diabetes, hematopoietic stem cell transplant, Sjogren's syndrome, cystinuria, methylmalonic acidemia and other conditions. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • In this study, 21 patients with head and neck cancers gave samples of their saliva before and after chewing two curcumin tablets totaling 1,000 milligrams. (eurekalert.org)
  • An independent lab in Maryland was sent blind samples and confirmed the results - the pro-inflammatory cytokines in the saliva that help feed the cancer were reduced in the patients that had chewed the curcumin and the cell signaling pathway driving cancer growth was inhibited, Wang said. (eurekalert.org)
  • Curcumin inhibited IKKβ kinase activity in the saliva of head and neck cancer patients and this inhibition correlated with reduced expression of a number of cytokines," the study states. (eurekalert.org)
  • Q. Athletes spit incessantly, dental patients spit on command, petulant protesters spit to make a statement, lovers may exchange saliva in the heat of things. (poconorecord.com)
  • Drooling, which is the production of excess saliva, usually ensues when a person sleeps on her side. (reference.com)
  • When a person sleeps on her back, drool isn't formed because excess saliva settles at the back of the throat and travels down the throat. (reference.com)
  • Your body usually takes care of excess saliva by swallowing more. (webmd.com)
  • If excess saliva bothers you, try changing your diet. (webmd.com)
  • A potential limitation in the use of saliva as a diagnostic fluid is oral dryness caused by the failure to produce saliva. (hindawi.com)
  • If dry mouth persists, your doctor or dentist may recommend rinsing your mouth with artificial saliva. (webmd.com)
  • Artificial saliva is a liquid or spray sold without a prescription. (webmd.com)
  • Artificial saliva helps keep your mouth moist and comfortable. (webmd.com)
  • They are also attempting to create artificial saliva for people with compromised saliva glands to sluice harmful germs out of the mouth and into the digestive system before they can stick to the teeth and gums. (technologyreview.com)
  • By reverse transcriptase (RT) levels, saliva, although present for only 1 h during monocyte viral exposure, inhibited HIV-1 infectivity for 3 wk after infection, whereas human plasma and synovial fluid failed to inhibit HIV-1 infectivity. (jci.org)
  • Saliva is a fluid substance formed in the mouths of animals , secreted by the salivary glands . (wikipedia.org)
  • Spit's many functions can be credited to the salivary proteome, which are the thousands of proteins within the fluid. (buffalo.edu)
  • Overall, we identified a total of 276 and 340 non-redundant I. scapularis and A. americanum TSPs, which we have classified into 28 functional classes including: secreted conserved proteins (unknown functions), proteinase inhibitors, lipocalins, extracellular matrix/cell adhesion, heme/iron metabolism, signal transduction and immunity-related proteins being the most predominant in saliva of unfed ticks. (frontiersin.org)
  • When reaching the salivary glands, these hormones/lymphokines/cytokines will lead to transcriptional profile changes and ectopic protein translation, which will be secreted into saliva as tumor-associated surrogate biomarkers. (medindia.net)
  • And it not only affected the cancer by inhibiting a critical cell signaling pathway, it also affected the saliva itself by reducing pro-inflammatory cytokines within the saliva. (eurekalert.org)
  • Acidic foods tend to trigger a lot more saliva than sweet foods. (webmd.com)
  • In our previous studies, we demonstrated a significant association between salivary acidic proline-rich proteins (APRP-1/2) and the severity of caries [ 8 ]. (medsci.org)
  • Scientists are seeking ways to use the proteins as molecular "fingerprints" to develop quick diagnostic tests that provide an alternative to the needle sticks currently needed for blood tests. (innovations-report.com)
  • It is also important to mention that an advantage of using saliva, as a diagnostic material, is that it can be obtained for laboratory tests noninvasively and repeatedly [ 3 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Three papers will highlight the scientific and translational values of three diagnostic toolboxes (proteins, DNA, and RNA) in saliva. (medindia.net)
  • A third diagnostic alphabet, the salivary transcriptome, was discovered to exist in saliva encapsulated in a lipid bilayer entity known as the exosome. (medindia.net)
  • A research group from the University of Texas in Austin described a high-yield production of a stabilized severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) spike protein (S-protein) that may accelerate the development of vaccines and diagnostic tests. (news-medical.net)
  • In what might revolutionize the world of diagnostics, scientists have developed a new diagnostic tool for detecting diabetes using saliva and tears. (healthwatchcenter.com)
  • Structure and ligand-binding properties of the biogenic amine-binding protein from the saliva of a blood-feeding insect vector of Trypanosoma cruzi. (nih.gov)
  • Nitrophorin 2 (NP2) (also known as prolixin-S) is a salivary protein that transports nitric oxide, binds histamine, and acts as an anticoagulant during blood feeding by the insect Rhodnius prolixus. (elsevier.com)