Triiodobenzoic Acids: Triiodo-substituted derivatives of BENZOIC ACID.Phthalimides: The imide of phthalic acids.Indoleacetic Acids: Acetic acid derivatives of the heterocyclic compound indole. (Merck Index, 11th ed)Centrifugation, Density Gradient: Separation of particles according to density by employing a gradient of varying densities. At equilibrium each particle settles in the gradient at a point equal to its density. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Patents as Topic: Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.Body Fluids: Liquid components of living organisms.Centrifugation: Process of using a rotating machine to generate centrifugal force to separate substances of different densities, remove moisture, or simulate gravitational effects. It employs a large motor-driven apparatus with a long arm, at the end of which human and animal subjects, biological specimens, or equipment can be revolved and rotated at various speeds to study gravitational effects. (From Websters, 10th ed; McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Inventions: A novel composition, device, or process, independently conceived de novo or derived from a pre-existing model.Cell Fractionation: Techniques to partition various components of the cell into SUBCELLULAR FRACTIONS.Intellectual Property: Property, such as patents, trademarks, and copyright, that results from creative effort. The Patent and Copyright Clause (Art. 1, Sec. 8, cl. 8) of the United States Constitution provides for promoting the progress of science and useful arts by securing for limited times to authors and inventors, the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries. (From Black's Law Dictionary, 5th ed, p1014)Ethylenes: Derivatives of ethylene, a simple organic gas of biological origin with many industrial and biological use.Growth Differentiation Factor 6: A growth differentiation factor that plays a role in the neural differentiation, specifically in the retinal development of the EYE.Arabidopsis Proteins: Proteins that originate from plants species belonging to the genus ARABIDOPSIS. The most intensely studied species of Arabidopsis, Arabidopsis thaliana, is commonly used in laboratory experiments.Arabidopsis: A plant genus of the family BRASSICACEAE that contains ARABIDOPSIS PROTEINS and MADS DOMAIN PROTEINS. The species A. thaliana is used for experiments in classical plant genetics as well as molecular genetic studies in plant physiology, biochemistry, and development.Gibberellins: A class of plant growth hormone isolated from cultures of Gibberella fujikuroi, a fungus causing Bakanae disease in rice. There are many different members of the family as well as mixtures of multiple members; all are diterpenoid acids based on the gibberellane skeleton.Plants, Genetically Modified: PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.Plant Growth Regulators: Any of the hormones produced naturally in plants and active in controlling growth and other functions. There are three primary classes: auxins, cytokinins, and gibberellins.Orobanchaceae: The broom-rape plant family of the order Lamiales.Orobanche: A plant genus of the family OROBANCHACEAE. Lacking chlorophyll, they are nonphotosynthetic parasitic plants. The common name is similar to Broom or Scotch Broom (CYTISUS) or Butcher's Broom (RUSCUS) or Desert Broom (BACCHARIS) or Spanish Broom (SPARTIUM) or Brome (BROMUS).Plant Weeds: A plant growing in a location where it is not wanted, often competing with cultivated plants.Plant Exudates: Substances released by PLANTS such as PLANT GUMS and PLANT RESINS.Cuscuta: A plant genus of the family Cuscutaceae. It is a threadlike climbing parasitic plant that is used in DRUGS, CHINESE HERBAL.Plant Roots: The usually underground portions of a plant that serve as support, store food, and through which water and mineral nutrients enter the plant. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982; Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Sucrose: A nonreducing disaccharide composed of GLUCOSE and FRUCTOSE linked via their anomeric carbons. It is obtained commercially from SUGARCANE, sugar beet (BETA VULGARIS), and other plants and used extensively as a food and a sweetener.Cytokinins: Plant hormones that promote the separation of daughter cells after mitotic division of a parent cell. Frequently they are purine derivatives.Tryptophan Transaminase: A PYRIDOXAL PHOSPHATE containing enzyme that catalyzes the transfer amino group from L-TRYPTOPHAN to 2-oxoglutarate in order to generate indolepyruvate and L-GLUTAMATE.Pectinidae: A large family of mollusks in the class BIVALVIA, known commonly as scallops. They possess flat, almost circular shells and are found in all seas from shallow water to great depths.Zeatin: An aminopurine factor in plant extracts that induces cell division. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dict, 5th ed)Botany: The study of the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of plants.Naphthaleneacetic Acids: Naphthalene derivatives containing the -CH2CCO2H radical at the 1-position, the 2-position, or both. Compounds are used as plant growth regulators to delay sprouting, exert weed control, thin fruit, etc.Cell Division: The fission of a CELL. It includes CYTOKINESIS, when the CYTOPLASM of a cell is divided, and CELL NUCLEUS DIVISION.Oxidoreductases Acting on CH-NH Group Donors: Enzymes catalyzing the dehydrogenation of secondary amines, introducing a C=N double bond as the primary reaction. In some cases this is later hydrolyzed.Vagina: The genital canal in the female, extending from the UTERUS to the VULVA. (Stedman, 25th ed)Lactobacillus: A genus of gram-positive, microaerophilic, rod-shaped bacteria occurring widely in nature. Its species are also part of the many normal flora of the mouth, intestinal tract, and vagina of many mammals, including humans. Pathogenicity from this genus is rare.Actins: Filamentous proteins that are the main constituent of the thin filaments of muscle fibers. The filaments (known also as filamentous or F-actin) can be dissociated into their globular subunits; each subunit is composed of a single polypeptide 375 amino acids long. This is known as globular or G-actin. In conjunction with MYOSINS, actin is responsible for the contraction and relaxation of muscle.Cytochalasin B: A cytotoxic member of the CYTOCHALASINS.Talin: A 235-kDa cytoplasmic protein that is also found in platelets. It has been localized to regions of cell-substrate adhesion. It binds to INTEGRINS; VINCULIN; and ACTINS and appears to participate in generating a transmembrane connection between the extracellular matrix and the cytoskeleton.Actin Cytoskeleton: Fibers composed of MICROFILAMENT PROTEINS, which are predominately ACTIN. They are the smallest of the cytoskeletal filaments.Phalloidine: Very toxic polypeptide isolated mainly from AMANITA phalloides (Agaricaceae) or death cup; causes fatal liver, kidney and CNS damage in mushroom poisoning; used in the study of liver damage.Contrast Media: Substances used to allow enhanced visualization of tissues.Iodine Compounds: Inorganic compounds that contain iodine as an integral part of the molecule.Iohexol: An effective non-ionic, water-soluble contrast agent which is used in myelography, arthrography, nephroangiography, arteriography, and other radiographic procedures. Its low systemic toxicity is the combined result of low chemotoxicity and low osmolality.Anaphylaxis: An acute hypersensitivity reaction due to exposure to a previously encountered ANTIGEN. The reaction may include rapidly progressing URTICARIA, respiratory distress, vascular collapse, systemic SHOCK, and death.Iopamidol: A non-ionic, water-soluble contrast agent which is used in myelography, arthrography, nephroangiography, arteriography, and other radiological procedures.Diatrizoate: A commonly used x-ray contrast medium. As DIATRIZOATE MEGLUMINE and as Diatrizoate sodium, it is used for gastrointestinal studies, angiography, and urography.Humic Substances: Organic matter in a state of advanced decay, after passing through the stages of COMPOST and PEAT and before becoming lignite (COAL). It is composed of a heterogenous mixture of compounds including phenolic radicals and acids that polymerize and are not easily separated nor analyzed. (E.A. Ghabbour & G. Davies, eds. Humic Substances, 2001).Proton-Translocating ATPases: Multisubunit enzymes that reversibly synthesize ADENOSINE TRIPHOSPHATE. They are coupled to the transport of protons across a membrane.Adenosine Triphosphatases: A group of enzymes which catalyze the hydrolysis of ATP. The hydrolysis reaction is usually coupled with another function such as transporting Ca(2+) across a membrane. These enzymes may be dependent on Ca(2+), Mg(2+), anions, H+, or DNA.Cell Membrane: The lipid- and protein-containing, selectively permeable membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.Nitric Oxide: A free radical gas produced endogenously by a variety of mammalian cells, synthesized from ARGININE by NITRIC OXIDE SYNTHASE. Nitric oxide is one of the ENDOTHELIUM-DEPENDENT RELAXING FACTORS released by the vascular endothelium and mediates VASODILATION. It also inhibits platelet aggregation, induces disaggregation of aggregated platelets, and inhibits platelet adhesion to the vascular endothelium. Nitric oxide activates cytosolic GUANYLATE CYCLASE and thus elevates intracellular levels of CYCLIC GMP.West VirginiaUtahTablets: Solid dosage forms, of varying weight, size, and shape, which may be molded or compressed, and which contain a medicinal substance in pure or diluted form. (Dorland, 28th ed)VirginiaCollapse Therapy: Surgical treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis whereby the lung is totally or partially, temporarily or permanently, immobilized. The procedure was based on the popular concept that collapsing the affected portion of a tuberculous lung allowed the infected area to rest and thereby recover. At the beginning of the 20th century artificially induced pneumothorax (PNEUMOTHORAX, ARTIFICIAL) was popular. Later a variety of other techniques was used to encourage collapse of the infected portion of the lung: unilateral phrenic nerve division, PNEUMONOLYSIS, pneumoperitoneum (PNEUMOPERITONEUM, ARTIFICIAL), and THORACOPLASTY. Collapse therapy has declined since the advent of antitubercular chemotherapy. (Stedman, 25th ed; from Sabiston Jr, Textbook of Surgery, 14th ed, p1733-4)PolandAlabama
In research, 1-N-Naphthylphthalamic acid (NPA) and 2,3,5-triiodobenzoic acid (TIBA) are used as specific inhibitors of the ... some membrane transport protein. Two protein families: The PIN proteins and ABCB (PGP proteins) transporters are functioning as ... Polar auxin transport can be regulated by reversible protein phosphorylation; protein kinases and protein phosphatases mediate ... 9-Hydroxyfluorene-9-carboxylic acid (HFCA), TIBA, and trans-cinnamic acid (TCA) are also example of Polar Auxin Transport ...
He discovered both that 2,3,5-triiodobenzoic acid (TIBA) would speed up the flowering of soybeans and that in higher ... Dioxin enters the body by attaching to a protein called the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), a transcription factor. When TCDD ... These included 2,4-D (2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid), 2,4,5-T (coded LN-14, and also known as trioxone), MCPA (2-methyl-4- ... The main ingredients of Agent Orange comprise an equal mixture of two phenoxyl herbicides - 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4 ...
6-triiodobenzoic acid and a nonionic polymer consisting of sucrose and epichlorohydrin); any sugar solution, e.g. sucrose; ... Hepatitis B virus envelope proteins or HIV envelope proteins), hormones, cellular or tumor associated antigens or markers, ... The next day, the beads were centrifuged at 850 g for 5 minutes and the free protein was washed off with 100 ml of deionized H2 ... Westley et al., 1980, "An Estrogen-Induced Protein Secreted By Human-Breast Cancer-Cells in Culture" European Journal of Cell ...
In research, 1-N-Naphthylphthalamic acid (NPA) and 2,3,5-triiodobenzoic acid (TIBA) are used as specific inhibitors of the ... some membrane transport protein. Two protein families: The PIN proteins and ABCB (PGP proteins) transporters are functioning as ... Polar auxin transport can be regulated by reversible protein phosphorylation; protein kinases and protein phosphatases mediate ... 9-Hydroxyfluorene-9-carboxylic acid (HFCA), TIBA, and trans-cinnamic acid (TCA) are also example of Polar Auxin Transport ...
Combination treatment of melatonin and 5-Triiodobenzoic acid (TIBA) did not enhance melatonin-mediated reduction of root ... Combination treatment of melatonin and 5-Triiodobenzoic acid (TIBA) did not enhance melatonin-mediated reduction of root ... Further studies showed that melatonin negatively regulated auxin biosynthesis, the expression of PINFORMED (PIN) proteins as ... Further studies showed that melatonin negatively regulated auxin biosynthesis, the expression of PINFORMED (PIN) proteins as ...
... such as 1-naphthylphthalamic acid [NPA] or 2,3,5-tri-iodobenzoic acid) inhibit hook formation (Lehman et al., 1996). We found ... Total protein was extracted and quantified as described by Silverstone et al. (2001). For each treatment, 20 μg of proteins was ... The DELLA proteins restrain growth, and growth is relieved of restraint by GA-promoted DELLA protein degradation. Ethylene ( ... In many cases, GA opposes the effects of DELLA proteins by promoting DELLA protein destabilization (Dill et al., 2001; ...
2,3,5-triiodobenzoic acid. TIR1/AFB:. F-box Transport Inhibitor Response 1/Auxin Signaling F-box Protein ... 5-triiodobenzoic acid (TIBA) or N-1-naphthylphthalamic acid (NPA) was supplied to the stem, the suppression of bud outgrowth is ... Indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) is the major natural auxin, which is produced from indole-3-pyruvic acid by the flavin monooxygenase ... formic acid. The samples were loaded to SPE. Interference was flushed with 2 mL 1% formic acid, and eluted IAA and ABA with 2 ...
We also demonstrate that PrSus1 is downregulated in response to 2,3,5-triiodobenzoic acid-induced inhibition of polar auxin ... In addition, immunolocalization experiments showed that a sucrose synthase protein co-localized with cell-wall thickening in ...
5-triiodobenzoic acid; RT-PCR, reverse transcription-PCR; TLC, thin-layer chromatography; YFP, yellow fluorescent protein ... 1-naphthaleneacetic acid; NLS, nuclear localization signal; NPA, 1-N-naphthylphthalamic acid; TE, tracheary element; TIBA, 2,3, ... Measurements of NAA accumulation with 3H-labeled NAA in the presence or absence of 1-N-naphthylphthalamic acid (NPA) revealed ... cyan fluorescent protein; DMSO, dimethylsulfoxide; DR5, synthetic auxin-inducible promoter; GH3, auxin-inducible promoter of ...
6-triiodobenzoic acid, whereas the scl14 and the tga2 tga5 tga6 mutants were more susceptible. Hence, the TGA/SCL14 complex ... Identification of TGA-Interacting Protein SCL14 by a Yeast Protein-Protein Interaction Screen. The yeast two-hybrid screen has ... C) Yeast protein-protein-DNA interaction system using the same host strain as in (A). TGA2 was expressed under the control of ... A) Yeast protein-protein-DNA interaction system. The host strain carries three copies of the as-1 element upstream of the lacZ ...
... triiodo-benzoic acid (TIBA), showed that PAT provides directional and positional information for developmental processes such ... Hanks, S. K. and Hunter, T. (1995). Protein Kinases 6 - The eukaryotic protein kinase superfamily: kinase (catalytic) domain ... A) Schematic presentation of the PINOID protein showing the positions of the 12 conserved protein kinase subdomains, the newly ... Torrey, J. G. (1950). The induction of lateral roots by indoleactetic acid and root decapitation. Am. J. Bot. 37, 257-264. ...
2001) Rapid degradation of auxin/indoleacetic acid proteins requires conserved amino acids of domain II and is proteasome ... N-naphthylphthalamic acid (NPA), 2,3,5-triiodobenzoic acid, and gravacin (Casimiro et al., 2001; De Rybel et al., 2009). It was ... and coronamic acid, joined by an amide bond between the acid group of CFA and the amino group of coronamic acid, and so (+)-CFA ... A structural mimic of (−)-JA and (+)-coronafacic acid also inhibited LR formation and stabilized DII-VENUS protein. COI1- ...
TIB was prepared a Philips electron microscope with a rated from 3,4,5-triiodobenzoic acid (Eastman resolution of 20A, with 35 ... Stein, W. H.,and S. Moore 1946 The use of specific precipitants in the amino acid analysis of proteins. Ann N. Y. Acad. Sci., ... Klemme, C. J., and J. H. Hunter 1940 Synthesis of iodohippuric acids II-2,3,5-and 3.4, 5-triiodohippuric acids. J. Org. Chem., ... This is undoubtedly due to the enhanced contrast of the protein between of protein reagents in the gaseous state as the ...
... phthalamic acid (NPA) and 9-hydroxyfluorene-9-carboxylic acid (HFCA) at 0.5 μg/plant. 2,3,5-Triiodobenzoic acid (TIBA) at 0.5 ... The N-1-naphthylphthalamic acid-binding protein is an integral membrane protein. Plant Physiol 111:427-432 ... Thomson KS, Hertel R, Muller S, Tavares JE (1973) 1-N-Naphthylphthalamic acid and 2,3,5-triiodobenzoic acid. In-vitro binding ... Chen R, Masson PH (2005) Auxin transport and recycling of PIN proteins in plants. In: Šamaja J, Balška F, Menzel D (eds) Plant ...
... triiodobenzoic Acid (Iopamidol EP Impurity D) ... Human proteins, cDNA and human recombinants are used in human ... Resistin-like β, RELM β, Cysteine-rich secreted protein FIZZ2, Colon and small intestine-specific cysteine-rich protein, ... Resistin-like β, RELM β, Cysteine-rich secreted protein FIZZ2, Colon and small intestine-specific cysteine-rich protein, ... Cysteine-rich secreted protein A12-α-like 1, Colon carcinoma-related gene protein, RELM-b, XCP2, HXCP2 ...
Thomson, K. S., Hertel, R., Muller, S., and Tavares, J. E. (1973). 1-N-Naphthylphthalamic acid and 2,3,5-triiodobenzoic acid-in ... protein phosphorylation, protein maturation, ubiquitination, and membrane composition. J. Exp. Bot. 60, 1093-1107. doi: 10.1093 ... 5-triiodobenzoic acid (TIBA) (Thomson et al., 1973). These phenotypes strongly resembled those of mutants defective in the ... The transcription of AUX1, PIN1, ABCB1, and ABCB4 is severely reduced in the idd mutant, and the IDD proteins could directly ...
Guided by the amino acid sequence of the Arabidopsis IPT proteins, they identified two IPT homologs in pea (PsIPT1 and PsIPT2) ... Finally, application of the auxin transport inhibitor 2,3,5-tri-iodobenzoic acid (TIBA) around the internode also led to ... Crosstalk with abscisic acid. Abscisic acid (ABA) is a plant hormone involved in seed dormancy, growth inhibition and stress ... Histidine phosphotransferase proteins. The Arabidopsis genome encodes five HP proteins (AHP1-AHP5) (Suzuki et al., 1998) that ...
5-triiodobenzoic acid), CPD (2-carboxyphenyl-3-phenylpropane-l,3-dione), NOA (l-napthoxyacetic acid), 2-[4-(diethylamino) -Z- ... In addition, the breakdown of proteins and nucleic acids is increased by the stimulation of several hydrolases. ABA greatly ... An inhibitor of polar auxin transport, 2,3,5-triiodobenzoic acid (TIBA), does not prevent BR-induced growth. When BR and auxin ... In seed development, ABA promotes the synthesis of storage proteins and lipids, as well as special proteins ...
5-Triiodobenzoic acid-BC0735-5 BC0735-5 at best price in India on Biomall. Request quote for laboratory supplies, chemicals & ... Protein Electrophoresis *Protein Electrophoresis. *Protein Ladders. *Protein Electrophoresis Biochemicals. *Protein ... Home Chemicals Acids and Solvents 2,3,5-Triiodobenzoic acid-BC0735-5 ...
Indoleacetic acid (IAA), 1-naphthalene acetic acid (NAA), and tri-iodobenzoic acid (TIBA) inhibit root growth primarily through ... PIN proteins.. Presentation Type: Plant Biology Abstract. Session: P. Location: Exhibit Hall (Northeast, Southwest & Southeast ... In contrast, 2,4-dichlorophenoxy-acetic acid (2,4-D) and naphthylphthalamic acid (NPA) inhibit root growth primarily by ... These compounds remove actin, slow cytoplasmic streaming, yet do not lead to the mislocalization of the auxin-efflux proteins, ...
Indoleacetic acid (IAA), 1-naphthalene acetic acid (NAA), and tri-iodobenzoic acid (TIBA) inhibit root growth primarily through ... PIN proteins.. Presentation Type: ASPB Minisymposium. Session: M20. Location: Continental B/Hilton. Date: Tuesday, July 10th, ... In contrast, 2,4-dichlorophenoxy-acetic acid (2,4-D) and naphthylphthalamic acid (NPA) inhibit root growth primarily by ... These compounds remove actin, slow cytoplasmic streaming, yet do not lead to the mislocalization of the auxin-efflux proteins, ...
6-triiodobenzoic acidand it is the first monomeric ionic compound used as an X-ray contrast agent.It was first synthesized by ... 1978.Acetrizoic acid presents, in the FDA records, a category of drug substance with an inactive status. ... Acetrizoic acid presents the molecular formula of 3-acetamidol-2,4, ... Protein binding. The radiographic agents such as acetrizoic acid are carried free in plasma in which less than 5% of the ...
The auxin polar transport inhibitors N1-naphthylphthalamic acid or 2,3,5-triiodobenzoic acid caused a further increase of PAO ... The same phenomenon operates at PAO protein and mRNA accumulation levels. The wall-bound to extractable PAO activity ratio was ... The auxin polar transport inhibitors N1-naphthylphthalamic acid or 2,3,5-triiodobenzoic acid caused a further increase of PAO ... naphthylphthalamic acid or 2,3,5-triiodobenzoic acid, thus suggesting a complex regulation of PAO expression. Immunogold ...
He discovered both that 2,3,5-triiodobenzoic acid (TIBA) would speed up the flowering of soybeans and that in higher ... Dioxin enters the body by attaching to a protein called the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), a transcription factor. When TCDD ... These included 2,4-D (2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid), 2,4,5-T (coded LN-14, and also known as trioxone), MCPA (2-methyl-4- ... The main ingredients of Agent Orange comprise an equal mixture of two phenoxyl herbicides - 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4 ...
5-triiodobenzoic acid), CPD (2-carboxyphenyl-3-phenylpropane-l,3-dione), NOA (l-napthoxyacetic acid), 2-[4-(diethylamino) -Z- ... bind to and interfere with multiple proteins, some of which are only indirectly involved in auxin transport. Some natural ... Indolebutyric acid and naphthaleneacetic acid are both widely used in vegetative propagation - the propagation of plants from ... Gibberellic acid is also used to boost cherry production. Sweet, bing cherries are sprayed 4 to 6 weeks before harvest to ...
Furthermore, 2,3,5-triiodobenzoic acid inhibited the differential distribution of auxin as well as changes in the accumulation ... did not affect Polmu protein levels and did not induce protein oxidation, showing the limited impact of radiation encountered ... Gravistimulation for 30 min prompted changes in the accumulation pattern of CsPIN1 protein in the endodermis as well as the ... Immunohistochemical analysis revealed that the accumulation pattern of CsPIN1 protein in the endodermal cells of the transition ...
5-triiodobenzoic acid (TIBA) and the phytotropin 2-(1-pyrenoyl) benzoic acid induced actin bundling not only in plants, but ... Titapiwatanakun B, Murphy AS (2009) Post-transcriptional regulation of auxin transport proteins: cellular trafficking, protein ... This rescue is mediated by indole-3-acetic acid and 1-naphthyl acetic acid but not by 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid. We ... In vitro and in vivo evidence for actin association of the naphthylphthalamic acid-binding protein from zucchini hypocotyls. ...
  • Combination treatment of melatonin and 5-Triiodobenzoic acid (TIBA) did not enhance melatonin-mediated reduction of root meristem size, indicating that polar auxin transport (PAT) may be necessary for the regulation of root meristem size by melatonin treatment. (frontiersin.org)
  • Once auxin transport inhibitor 2,3,5-triiodobenzoic acid (TIBA) or N-1-naphthylphthalamic acid (NPA) was supplied to the stem, the suppression of bud outgrowth is abolished [ 8 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Treatment of seedlings or plant tissues with inhibitors of this polar auxin transport (PAT), such as naphthylphtalamic acid (NPA) or 2,3,5,-triiodo-benzoic acid (TIBA), showed that PAT provides directional and positional information for developmental processes such as vascular differentiation, apical dominance, organ development and tropic growth. (biologists.org)
  • 2,3,5-Triiodobenzoic acid (TIBA) at 0.5 μg/plant was less effective than NPA and HFCA, and p -chlorophenoxyisobutyric acid (PCIB) at 0.5 μg/plant had almost no effect on auxin polar transport in the radish hypocotyl bioassay. (springer.com)
  • Indoleacetic acid (IAA), 1-naphthalene acetic acid (NAA), and tri-iodobenzoic acid (TIBA) inhibit root growth primarily through reducing the length of the growth zone rather than the maximal rate of elemental elongation and they do not reduce cell production rate. (botanyconference.org)
  • He discovered both that 2,3,5-triiodobenzoic acid (TIBA) would speed up the flowering of soybeans and that in higher concentrations it would defoliate the soybeans. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1-Naphthaleneacetic acid (1-NAA), 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid (ACC), and 2,3,5-triiodobenzoic acid (TIBA) were obtained from Sigma and prepared as 10 mM stock solutions in diluted NaOH, 10% isopropanol, and water, respectively ( 7 ). (pnas.org)
  • Galston studied a particular synthetic chemical called 2,3,5-triiodobenzoic acid (TIBA), and he showed that in low concentrations TIBA quickened the flowering process of soybean plants. (asu.edu)
  • Experiments with radio-labelled derivatives of indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), the predominant naturally occurring auxin, indicated that IAA is transported downward from its main site of synthesis, the shoot tip, to the root. (biologists.org)
  • Significant auxin polar transport was observed when radiolabeled indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) was applied at the apical side of radish hypocotyl segments, but not when it was applied at the basal side of the segments. (springer.com)
  • The plant hormone auxin, which is predominantly represented by indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), contributes to all aspects of plant development mainly through its differential distribution within plant tissues. (frontiersin.org)
  • This rescue is mediated by indole-3-acetic acid and 1-naphthyl acetic acid but not by 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid. (plantphysiol.org)
  • The mechanism below describes the process in which auxin is trapped in the cell by the so-called acid trap and how it can then leave the cell only by activity of specific carriers, which control the directionality of the flow from cells and generally the direction of auxin transport through the whole plant body. (wikipedia.org)
  • We also demonstrate that PrSus1 is downregulated in response to 2,3,5-triiodobenzoic acid-induced inhibition of polar auxin transport in the host stem, suggesting that PrSus1 activity in xylem maturation is controlled by host-derived auxin. (apsnet.org)
  • Using a Zinnia elegans cell culture system, in which single mesophyll cells transdifferentiate into tracheary elements (TEs), we demonstrated that auxin transport inhibitors prevented TE differentiation and that high concentrations of 1-naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA) and IAA overcame the repression of TE. (oup.com)
  • Both meristem organisation and growth of the primary root were rescued when seedlings were grown in the presence of polar auxin transport inhibitors, such as naphthylphtalamic acid (NPA). (biologists.org)
  • Chen R, Masson PH (2005) Auxin transport and recycling of PIN proteins in plants. (springer.com)
  • These were ( I) chain A, human serum albumin in a complex with myristic acid and tri- iodobenzoic acid (2) chain B, structure of hemoglobin in the deoxy quaternary state with ligand bound at the alpha haems (3) beta globin chain variant and (4) chain A, structure of hemoglobin in the deoxy quaternary state with ligand bound at the alpha haems. (wordpedia.com)
  • PhIP is a potential human carcinogen: it undergoes metabolic activation to form electrophilic metabolites that bind to DNA and proteins, including serum albumin (SA). (vanderbilt.edu)
  • At the low Cbeap Ca2ф twins found in mucous nerve Tablers, synaptotagmin apparently binds to a team of the extinction- membrane proteins neurexin and syntaxin. (norka-arma.ru)
  • While the sequences of many membrane proteins are known, their structure and function is still not well characterized and understood, owing to the immense effort needed to characterize them. (bvsalud.org)
  • Human proteins, cDNA and human recombinants are used in human reactive ELISA kits and to produce anti-human mono and polyclonal antibodies. (gentaur.com)
  • Its amino acid sequence, deduced from a series of overlapping cDNA clones, can be aligned with other members of the gene family including plasma albumin, alpha-fetoprotein, and vitamin-D binding protein, confirming that it is indeed an oversized albumin. (embl.de)
  • Dioxin enters the body by attaching to a protein called the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), a transcription factor. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the tissues, dioxins attach to a protein receptor called the aryl hydrocarbon receptor, which is hypothesized to act like a switch that affects many developmental processes including embryo development and normal growth. (asu.edu)
  • The HG domains are a linear polymer of (1^4)-a'-linked D-galacturonic acid, 100 to 200 residues long, and are deposited in the cell wall with 70 to 80% of the galacturonic acid residues methyl-esterified at the C6 position (9). (guwsmedical.info)
  • In yet another embodiment, the modified nucleotides comprise modified bases comprising phosphorothioate, methylphosphonate, peptide nucleic acids, 2′-O-methyl, fluoro- or carbon, methylene or other locked nucleic acid (LNA) molecules. (justia.com)
  • However, due to the high ionic strength, hydrogen bonding within biological macromolecules (protein, nucleic acid - protein complexes) is impaired by a chaotropic effect. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • Here, we made use of genomic and structural information to create a biomass function capturing the amino and nucleic acid requirements of SARS-CoV-2. (bvsalud.org)
  • METHODS: A Specific Enhancer for PCR-amplified Nucleic Acid (SENA) was developed based on the Cas12a trans-cleavage activity, which is specifically triggered by the rRT-PCR amplicons of the SARS-CoV-2 Orf1ab (O) and N fragments. (bvsalud.org)
  • DNA-RNA and RNA-RNA hybridization are important to many aspects of nucleic acid function including DNA replication, transcription, and translation. (justia.com)
  • Hybridization is also central to a variety of technologies that either detect a particular nucleic acid or alter its expression. (justia.com)
  • The compositions comprise oligonucleotides, targeted to nucleic acid encoding C-reactive protein. (patents.com)
  • 1. A compound 8 to 80 nucleobases in length targeted to a nucleic acid molecule encoding C-reactive protein, wherein said compound is at least 90% complementary to a portion of said nucleic acid molecule encoding C-reactive protein, and wherein said compound inhibits the expression of C-reactive protein mRNA. (patents.com)
  • 12. The compound of claim 1 having at least 95%, at least 99% or 100% complementarity with said nucleic acid molecule encoding C-reactive protein. (patents.com)
  • The general reagents, which are employed in the vapor phase in this study, are the same as, or similar to, those used so successfully by biochemists in their analyses of amino acid sequence in solutions of proteins or polypeptides. (docme.ru)
  • An unusual feature of the sequence is a 28-amino acid stretch consisting of a serine-threonine repeat with the general motif (STTT). (embl.de)
  • Lamprey albumin contains a 23-amino acid putative signal peptide and a 6-residue putative propeptide, which, when cleaved, yield a mature protein of 1,394 amino acids with a calculated molecular weight of 157,000. (embl.de)
  • Like other members of the gene family, lamprey albumin is composed of a series of 190-amino acid repeats, there being seven such domains all together. (embl.de)
  • Quantitative amino acid sequence comparisons of lamprey albumin with the other members of the gene family indicate that it diverged from an ancestral albumin prior to the gene duplications leading to this diverse group. (embl.de)
  • This notion is confirmed by the pattern of amino acid insertions and deletions observed in a consideration of all domains that compose this family. (embl.de)
  • For example, Hus group studied the switchable behaviors of 3604-87-3 poly( em N /em -isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAA)-GOD film using ferrocene carboxylic acid as an electroactive probe. (ap26113.com)
  • Here, we report the identification of Arabidopsis thaliana SCARECROW-like 14 (SCL14), a member of the GRAS family of regulatory proteins, as a TGA-interacting protein that is required for the activation of TGA-dependent but NPR1-independent SA- and 2,4-D-inducible promoters. (plantcell.org)
  • In this study, we discovered that the nucleocapsid (N) protein of SARS-CoV-2 plays an important role in the inhibition of interferon beta (IFN-ß) production. (bvsalud.org)
  • Canellas LP, Olivares FL, Okorokova-Façanha AL, Façanha AR (2002) Humic acids isolated from earthworm compost enhance root elongation, lateral root emergence, and plasma membrane H + -ATPase activity in maize roots. (springer.com)
  • The flow of auxin molecules through the neighboring cells is driven by carriers (type of membrane transport protein) in the cell-to-cell fashion (from one cell to other cell and then to the next one) and the direction of the flow is determined by the localization of the carriers on the plasma membrane in the concerned cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • Molecular logic gates, a kind of logic gates program, may use biological components or biomolecules such as for example enzymes, DNA, or proteins to determine basic or -basic molecular gadgets and equipment [3,4,5,6, (ap26113.com)
  • An unusual feature of this protein is its molecular weight of 175,000, roughly 2.5 times the size of other vertebrate albumins. (embl.de)
  • Fractures may be associated with injuries to orbital contents, a protein with a molecular mass of 17. (tovopt.ru)
  • Alkaline degradation of the lipopolysaccharide produced at least four different species each of which contained a low-molecular-weight polysaccharide similar if not identical to that produced by acid hydrolysis. (statescale.ml)
  • Typically a training and assessment strategy includes sections drawn from the following: The qualification code and name Program name, but may require 1258 Diatrizoate sodium DIATRIZOATE SODIUM Therapeutic Function: Diagnostic aid (radiopaque medium) Chemical Name: 3,5-Bis(acetylamino)-2,4,6-triiodobenzoic acid sodium salt Common Name: Amidotrizoate sodium Structural Formula: Chemical Abstracts Registry No. 1018 19. (forexavail.com)
  • Use of anhydrous vapors in post-fixation and in staining of reactive groups of proteins in frozen-dried specimens for electron microscopic studies. (docme.ru)
  • In this paper, a general method is described for reacting tissue proteins (and smaller units) in frozen-dried specimens with certain anhydrous vapors which combine with reactive groups in the specimen. (docme.ru)
  • Compounds, compositions and methods are provided for modulating the expression of C-reactive protein. (patents.com)
  • Methods of using these compounds for modulation of C-reactive protein expression and for diagnosis and treatment of disease associated with expression of C-reactive protein are provided. (patents.com)
  • No iodine treatment was applied in Experiment No. 1, while iodine compounds were applied at a dose of 10 µM (based on our own previous research) as KIO 3 , 5-iodosalicylic acid (5-ISA) and 3,5-diiodosalicylic acid (3,5-diISA) in Experiment Nos. (mdpi.com)
  • Agent Orange, the most extensively used herbicide in the Vietnam War, comprised an equal mixture of two such compounds: 2,4-D (2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid) and 2,4,5-T (2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid). (asu.edu)
  • By overexpression of the actin-binding protein talin, we have generated transgenic rice ( Oryza sativa ) lines, where actin filaments are bundled to variable extent and, in consequence, display a reduced dynamics. (plantphysiol.org)
  • These findings suggest that actin participates in the cycling of some of the PIN proteins. (plantphysiol.org)
  • Effect of formalin and freezing preservation on lipid and fatty acid composition The release of dye from phosphoric acid-swollen cellulose azure by endocellulases and exocellulases is the basis of a technique for locating these enzymes on gels. (prozac2020.site)
  • Indolebutyric acid and naphthaleneacetic acid are both widely used in vegetative propagation - the propagation of plants from stem and leaf cuttings. (tankonyvtar.hu)
  • The effects of KNap and indolebutyric acid on the initiation of roots by stem cuttings of Phaseolus vulgaris L. were examined. (ubc.ca)
  • Exogenously supplied auxin (1-naphthaleneacetic acid) inhibited light-induced activity increase of polyamine oxidase (PAO), a hydrogen peroxide-producing enzyme, in the outer tissues of maize (Zea mays) mesocotyl. (uniroma3.it)
  • The times required for 50% abscission of petioles treated with 10 and 1000 ppm cyclohexanecarboxylic acid were significantly greater than that for abscission of control petioles, but not from that required by petioles treated with 100 ppm naphthaleneacetic acid. (ubc.ca)
  • Expression of genes related to the SA-dependent defense program systemic acquired resistance requires the TGA-interacting protein NPR1. (plantcell.org)
  • Here we show that a previously uncharacterized protein encoded by CXorf21-a gene that is associated with systemic lupus erythematosus4,5-interacts with the endolysosomal transporter SLC15A4, an essential but poorly understood component of the endolysosomal TLR machinery also linked to autoimmune disease4,6-9. (bvsalud.org)
  • The identification of TASL as the component that links endolysosomal TLRs to the IRF5 transcription factor via SLC15A4 provides a mechanistic explanation for the involvement of these proteins in systemic lupus erythematosus12-14. (bvsalud.org)
  • Höld KM, Sirisoma NS, Ikeda T, Narahashi T, Casida JE (2000) α-Thujone (the active component of absinthe): γ-aminobutyric acid type A receptor modulation and metabolic detoxification. (springer.com)
  • It should be kept in mind that the parent acid of these salts may precipitate on adjusting the pH to acidic values. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • The decreased auxin activity in NPA-treated cells was confirmed by the fact that the DR5 (a synthetic auxin-inducible promoter)-mediated expression of a reporter protein was suppressed in such cells. (oup.com)
  • The small increase of PAO expression, normally occurring in the mesocotyl epidermis during plant development in the dark, was also inhibited by auxin, although to a lesser extent with respect to light-exposed tissue, and was stimulated by N1- naphthylphthalamic acid or 2,3,5-triiodobenzoic acid, thus suggesting a complex regulation of PAO expression. (uniroma3.it)
  • Purpose: Applying proteomics to understand the qualitative differences in protein expression of extraocular muscle tissues and orbital adipose tissues associated with thyroid orbitopathy (TO) Material and method : For the study group, we obtained extraocular muscle tissues or orbital fat tissues from patients with thyroid orbitopathy during strabismus surgery or orbital decompression. (wordpedia.com)
  • By incorporating host cellular maintenance into the model based on available protein expression data from human lung cells, we find that only few of these metabolic perturbations are able to selectively inhibit virus reproduction. (bvsalud.org)
  • Expression of Uncoupling Protein 3 in Mitochondria Protects Against Stress-induced Myocardial Injury: a Proteomic Study Cell Stress & Chaperones. (jove.com)
  • Measurements of NAA accumulation with 3 H-labeled NAA in the presence or absence of 1- N -naphthylphthalamic acid (NPA) revealed enhanced NAA accumulation within the cell. (oup.com)
  • Immunohistochemical analysis revealed that the accumulation pattern of CsPIN1 protein in the endodermal cells of the transition zone of cucumber seedlings grown horizontally differed from that of plants grown vertically. (spacestationresearch.com)
  • Gravistimulation for 30 min prompted changes in the accumulation pattern of CsPIN1 protein in the endodermis as well as the asymmetric distribution of auxin in the transition zone. (spacestationresearch.com)
  • Calcium ions (Ca2+) bridge phosphate and carboxylate groups of phospholipids and proteins at membrane surfaces (6), helping to maintain membrane structure. (guwsmedical.info)
  • Balasubramanian, D. (1971) Effects of the urea-guanidinium class of protein denaturants on water structure: heats of solution and proton chemical shift studies The Journal of Physical Chemistry, 75 (6). (ias.ac.in)
  • We noted that N protein also suppressed IFN-ß production, induced by several signaling molecules downstream of the retinoic acid-inducible gene I (RIG-I) pathway, which is the crucial pattern recognition receptor (PRR) responsible for identifying RNA viruses. (bvsalud.org)
  • Increased contrast caused by the bound lead was regarded as indicating sites of protein. (docme.ru)
  • Acetrizoic acid indication was to be used as a contrast agent for X-ray. (drugbank.ca)
  • Thus, acetrizoic acid is a water-soluble and reasonably safe iodinated contrast agent that can be intravenously administered for clinical applications. (drugbank.ca)
  • When water-soluble contrast agents, such as acetrizoic acid, are administered, it is reported a half-life of approximate 4 hours. (drugbank.ca)
  • Second, ethylene delayed the GA-induced disappearance of the DELLA protein repressor of ga1-3 from root cell nuclei via a constitutive triple response-dependent signaling pathway. (plantcell.org)
  • In addition, immunolocalization experiments showed that a sucrose synthase protein co-localized with cell-wall thickening in xylem elements. (apsnet.org)
  • The Sanger reagent was thought to react with free amino groups, sulfhydryl groups, the phenolic group of tyrosine, and the irnidazole group of histidine in the cell proteins. (docme.ru)