A hard thin translucent layer of calcified substance which envelops and protects the dentin of the crown of the tooth. It is the hardest substance in the body and is almost entirely composed of calcium salts. Under the microscope, it is composed of thin rods (enamel prisms) held together by cementing substance, and surrounded by an enamel sheath. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p286)
One of a set of bone-like structures in the mouth used for biting and chewing.
The proteins that are part of the dental enamel matrix.
A major dental enamel-forming protein found in mammals. In humans the protein is encoded by GENES found on both the X CHROMOSOME and the Y CHROMOSOME.
The elaboration of dental enamel by ameloblasts, beginning with its participation in the formation of the dentino-enamel junction to the production of the matrix for the enamel prisms and interprismatic substance. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992).
Cylindrical epithelial cells in the innermost layer of the ENAMEL ORGAN. Their functions include contribution to the development of the dentinoenamel junction by the deposition of a layer of the matrix, thus producing the foundation for the prisms (the structural units of the DENTAL ENAMEL), and production of the matrix for the enamel prisms and interprismatic substance. (From Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Epithelial cells surrounding the dental papilla and differentiated into three layers: the inner enamel epithelium, consisting of ameloblasts which eventually form the enamel, and the enamel pulp and external enamel epithelium, both of which atrophy and disappear before and upon eruption of the tooth, respectively.
Any change in the hue, color, or translucency of a tooth due to any cause. Restorative filling materials, drugs (both topical and systemic), pulpal necrosis, or hemorrhage may be responsible. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p253)
The teeth of the first dentition, which are shed and replaced by the permanent teeth.
The process whereby calcium salts are deposited in the dental enamel. The process is normal in the development of bones and teeth. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p43)
An acquired or hereditary condition due to deficiency in the formation of tooth enamel (AMELOGENESIS). It is usually characterized by defective, thin, or malformed DENTAL ENAMEL. Risk factors for enamel hypoplasia include gene mutations, nutritional deficiencies, diseases, and environmental factors.
Loss of the tooth substance by chemical or mechanical processes
A clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of hereditary conditions characterized by malformed DENTAL ENAMEL, usually involving DENTAL ENAMEL HYPOPLASIA and/or TOOTH HYPOMINERALIZATION.
The collective tissues from which an entire tooth is formed, including the DENTAL SAC; ENAMEL ORGAN; and DENTAL PAPILLA. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
The most posterior teeth on either side of the jaw, totaling eight in the deciduous dentition (2 on each side, upper and lower), and usually 12 in the permanent dentition (three on each side, upper and lower). They are grinding teeth, having large crowns and broad chewing surfaces. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p821)
Progressive loss of the hard substance of a tooth by chemical processes that do not involve bacterial action. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p296)
A secreted matrix metalloproteinase that is the predominant proteolytic activity in the enamel matrix. The enzyme has a high specificity for dental enamel matrix protein AMELOGENIN.
A tooth's loss of minerals, such as calcium in hydroxyapatite from the tooth matrix, caused by acidic exposure. An example of the occurrence of demineralization is in the formation of dental caries.
Therapeutic technique for replacement of minerals in partially decalcified teeth.
The upper part of the tooth, which joins the lower part of the tooth (TOOTH ROOT) at the cervix (TOOTH CERVIX) at a line called the cementoenamel junction. The entire surface of the crown is covered with enamel which is thicker at the extremity and becomes progressively thinner toward the cervix. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p216)
The material that descends to the earth or water well beyond the site of a surface or subsurface nuclear explosion. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Chemical and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The failure to retain teeth as a result of disease or injury.
The ratio of radiation dosages required to produce identical change based on a formula comparing other types of radiation with that of gamma or roentgen rays.
A hydrated form of silicon dioxide. It is commonly used in the manufacture of TOOTHPASTES and as a stationary phase for CHROMATOGRAPHY.
The susceptibility of the DENTAL ENAMEL to dissolution.
The observation, either continuously or at intervals, of the levels of radiation in a given area, generally for the purpose of assuring that they have not exceeded prescribed amounts or, in case of radiation already present in the area, assuring that the levels have returned to those meeting acceptable safety standards.
Substances that promote DENTAL CARIES.
The part of a tooth from the neck to the apex, embedded in the alveolar process and covered with cementum. A root may be single or divided into several branches, usually identified by their relative position, e.g., lingual root or buccal root. Single-rooted teeth include mandibular first and second premolars and the maxillary second premolar teeth. The maxillary first premolar has two roots in most cases. Maxillary molars have three roots. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p690)
Localized destruction of the tooth surface initiated by decalcification of the enamel followed by enzymatic lysis of organic structures and leading to cavity formation. If left unchecked, the cavity may penetrate the enamel and dentin and reach the pulp.
The total amount of a chemical, metal or radioactive substance present at any time after absorption in the body of man or animal.
A genus of the order Sirenia comprising what are commonly called manatees. The distinguishing characteristics include a tail that is not notched, a short nasal cavity, the absence of nasal bones, and enamel-covered teeth. Members of this genus are found in marine bays and/or sluggish rivers, usually in turbid water. (From Scott, Concise Encyclopedia Biology, 1996)
The emergence of a tooth from within its follicle in the ALVEOLAR PROCESS of the MAXILLA or MANDIBLE into the ORAL CAVITY. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
Stable oxygen atoms that have the same atomic number as the element oxygen, but differ in atomic weight. O-17 and 18 are stable oxygen isotopes.
The measurement of radiation by photography, as in x-ray film and film badge, by Geiger-Mueller tube, and by SCINTILLATION COUNTING.
A genus of the order Sirenia characterized by a notched tail, the presence of nasal bones and a long nasal cavity, and large columnar teeth lacking enamel. Dugongs inhabit the coastal waters of the Indian Ocean, Red Sea, and the Malay Archipelago. (From Scott, Concise Encyclopedia Biology, 1996)
Any of the eight frontal teeth (four maxillary and four mandibular) having a sharp incisal edge for cutting food and a single root, which occurs in man both as a deciduous and a permanent tooth. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p820)
Circulation of water among various ecological systems, in various states, on, above, and below the surface of the earth.
Congenital absence of or defects in structures of the teeth.
The amount of radiation energy that is deposited in a unit mass of material, such as tissues of plants or animal. In RADIOTHERAPY, radiation dosage is expressed in gray units (Gy). In RADIOLOGIC HEALTH, the dosage is expressed by the product of absorbed dose (Gy) and quality factor (a function of linear energy transfer), and is called radiation dose equivalent in sievert units (Sv).
The process of TOOTH formation. It is divided into several stages including: the dental lamina stage, the bud stage, the cap stage, and the bell stage. Odontogenesis includes the production of tooth enamel (AMELOGENESIS), dentin (DENTINOGENESIS), and dental cementum (CEMENTOGENESIS).
Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.
An extra tooth, erupted or unerupted, resembling or unlike the other teeth in the group to which it belongs. Its presence may cause malposition of adjacent teeth or prevent their eruption.
Warfare involving the use of NUCLEAR WEAPONS.
The hard portion of the tooth surrounding the pulp, covered by enamel on the crown and cementum on the root, which is harder and denser than bone but softer than enamel, and is thus readily abraded when left unprotected. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
The surgical removal of a tooth. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Microscopy in which the object is examined directly by an electron beam scanning the specimen point-by-point. The image is constructed by detecting the products of specimen interactions that are projected above the plane of the sample, such as backscattered electrons. Although SCANNING TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY also scans the specimen point by point with the electron beam, the image is constructed by detecting the electrons, or their interaction products that are transmitted through the sample plane, so that is a form of TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY.
A tooth from which the dental pulp has been removed or is necrotic. (Boucher, Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
A normal developing tooth which has not yet perforated the oral mucosa or one that fails to erupt in the normal sequence or time interval expected for the type of tooth in a given gender, age, or population group.
Mechanical removal of a small amount of tooth structure (not more than a few tenths of a millimeter in depth) to eliminate superficial enamel discoloration defects not successfully removed by bleaching techniques. A common abrasive is a mixture of pumice and hydrochloric acid.
The mineral component of bones and teeth; it has been used therapeutically as a prosthetic aid and in the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis.
One of the eight permanent teeth, two on either side in each jaw, between the canines (CUSPID) and the molars (MOLAR), serving for grinding and crushing food. The upper have two cusps (bicuspid) but the lower have one to three. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p822)
The constricted part of the tooth at the junction of the crown and root or roots. It is often referred to as the cementoenamel junction (CEJ), the line at which the cementum covering the root of a tooth and the enamel of the tooth meet. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p530, p433)
A tooth that is prevented from erupting by a physical barrier, usually other teeth. Impaction may also result from orientation of the tooth in an other than vertical position in the periodontal structures.
A technique applicable to the wide variety of substances which exhibit paramagnetism because of the magnetic moments of unpaired electrons. The spectra are useful for detection and identification, for determination of electron structure, for study of interactions between molecules, and for measurement of nuclear spins and moments. (From McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology, 7th edition) Electron nuclear double resonance (ENDOR) spectroscopy is a variant of the technique which can give enhanced resolution. Electron spin resonance analysis can now be used in vivo, including imaging applications such as MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING.
The property of dental enamel to permit passage of light, heat, gases, liquids, metabolites, mineral ions and other substances. It does not include the penetration of the dental enamel by microorganisms.
Substances that inhibit or arrest DENTAL CARIES formation. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
Isotopes that exhibit radioactivity and undergo radioactive decay. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed & McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
An adhesion procedure for orthodontic attachments, such as plastic DENTAL CROWNS. This process usually includes the application of an adhesive material (DENTAL CEMENTS) and letting it harden in-place by light or chemical curing.
Resorption of calcified dental tissue, involving demineralization due to reversal of the cation exchange and lacunar resorption by osteoclasts. There are two types: external (as a result of tooth pathology) and internal (apparently initiated by a peculiar inflammatory hyperplasia of the pulp). (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p676)
Physiologic loss of the primary dentition. (Zwemer, Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
The mechanical property of material that determines its resistance to force. HARDNESS TESTS measure this property.
The third tooth to the left and to the right of the midline of either jaw, situated between the second INCISOR and the premolar teeth (BICUSPID). (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p817)
Preparation of TOOTH surfaces and DENTAL MATERIALS with etching agents, usually phosphoric acid, to roughen the surface to increase adhesion or osteointegration.
The 32 teeth of adulthood that either replace or are added to the complement of deciduous teeth. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
A richly vascularized and innervated connective tissue of mesodermal origin, contained in the central cavity of a tooth and delimited by the dentin, and having formative, nutritive, sensory, and protective functions. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
A restoration designed to remain in service for not less than 20 to 30 years, usually made of gold casting, cohesive gold, or amalgam. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Small metal or ceramic attachments used to fasten an arch wire. These attachments are soldered or welded to an orthodontic band or cemented directly onto the teeth. Bowles brackets, edgewise brackets, multiphase brackets, ribbon arch brackets, twin-wire brackets, and universal brackets are all types of orthodontic brackets.
Partial or complete displacement of a tooth from its alveolar support. It is commonly the result of trauma. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p312)
Inorganic derivatives of phosphoric acid (H3PO4). Note that organic derivatives of phosphoric acids are listed under ORGANOPHOSPHATES.
The description and measurement of the various factors that produce physical stress upon dental restorations, prostheses, or appliances, materials associated with them, or the natural oral structures.
Synthetic resins, containing an inert filler, that are widely used in dentistry.
Inorganic salts of hydrofluoric acid, HF, in which the fluorine atom is in the -1 oxidation state. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed) Sodium and stannous salts are commonly used in dentifrices.
Two teeth united during development by the union of their tooth germs; the teeth may be joined by the enamel of their crowns, by their root dentin, or by both.
The testing of materials and devices, especially those used for PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; SUTURES; TISSUE ADHESIVES; etc., for hardness, strength, durability, safety, efficacy, and biocompatibility.
A chronic endemic form of hypoplasia of the dental enamel caused by drinking water with a high fluorine content during the time of tooth formation, and characterized by defective calcification that gives a white chalky appearance to the enamel, which gradually undergoes brown discoloration. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p286)
One of a pair of irregularly shaped bones that form the upper jaw. A maxillary bone provides tooth sockets for the superior teeth, forms part of the ORBIT, and contains the MAXILLARY SINUS.
Measurement of tooth characteristics.
The largest and strongest bone of the FACE constituting the lower jaw. It supports the lower teeth.
Substances used to bond COMPOSITE RESINS to DENTAL ENAMEL and DENTIN. These bonding or luting agents are used in restorative dentistry, ROOT CANAL THERAPY; PROSTHODONTICS; and ORTHODONTICS.
Solid fixation of a tooth resulting from fusion of the cementum and alveolar bone, with obliteration of the periodontal ligament. It is uncommon in the deciduous dentition and very rare in permanent teeth. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Production of a radiographic image of a small or very thin object on fine-grained photographic film under conditions which permit subsequent microscopic examination or enlargement of the radiograph at linear magnifications of up to several hundred and with a resolution approaching the resolving power of the photographic emulsion (about 1000 lines per millimeter).
The teeth collectively in the dental arch. Dentition ordinarily refers to the natural teeth in position in their alveoli. Dentition referring to the deciduous teeth is DENTITION, PRIMARY; to the permanent teeth, DENTITION, PERMANENT. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
The bonelike rigid connective tissue covering the root of a tooth from the cementoenamel junction to the apex and lining the apex of the root canal, also assisting in tooth support by serving as attachment structures for the periodontal ligament. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
A hollow part of the alveolar process of the MAXILLA or MANDIBLE where each tooth fits and is attached via the periodontal ligament.
The internal resistance of a material to moving some parts of it parallel to a fixed plane, in contrast to stretching (TENSILE STRENGTH) or compression (COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH). Ionic crystals are brittle because, when subjected to shear, ions of the same charge are brought next to each other, which causes repulsion.
Any preparations used for cleansing teeth; they usually contain an abrasive, detergent, binder and flavoring agent and may exist in the form of liquid, paste or powder; may also contain medicaments and caries preventives.
Reinsertion of a tooth into the alveolus from which it was removed or otherwise lost.
A test to determine the relative hardness of a metal, mineral, or other material according to one of several scales, such as Brinell, Mohs, Rockwell, Vickers, or Shore. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The reaction product of bisphenol A and glycidyl methacrylate that undergoes polymerization when exposed to ultraviolet light or mixed with a catalyst. It is used as a bond implant material and as the resin component of dental sealants and composite restorative materials.
Characteristics or attributes of the outer boundaries of objects, including molecules.
The study of the teeth of early forms of life through fossil remains.
Cements that act through infiltration and polymerization within the dentinal matrix and are used for dental restoration. They can be adhesive resins themselves, adhesion-promoting monomers, or polymerization initiators that act in concert with other agents to form a dentin-bonding system.
A treatment modality in endodontics concerned with the therapy of diseases of the dental pulp. For preparatory procedures, ROOT CANAL PREPARATION is available.
The pathologic wearing away of the tooth substance by brushing, bruxism, clenching, and other mechanical causes. It is differentiated from TOOTH ATTRITION in that this type of wearing away is the result of tooth-to-tooth contact, as in mastication, occurring only on the occlusal, incisal, and proximal surfaces. It differs also from TOOTH EROSION, the progressive loss of the hard substance of a tooth by chemical processes not involving bacterial action. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p2)
Materials used in the production of dental bases, restorations, impressions, prostheses, etc.
Preparation of TOOTH surfaces, and of materials bonded to teeth or DENTAL IMPLANTS, with agents and methods which roughen the surface to facilitate adhesion. Agents include phosphoric or other acids (ACID ETCHING, DENTAL) and methods include LASERS.
Chemicals that are used to oxidize pigments in TEETH and thus effect whitening.
An operation in which carious material is removed from teeth and biomechanically correct forms are established in the teeth to receive and retain restorations. A constant requirement is provision for prevention of failure of the restoration through recurrence of decay or inadequate resistance to applied stresses. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p239-40)
A means of identifying the age of an animal or human through tooth examination.
Acrylic acids or acrylates which are substituted in the C-2 position with a methyl group.
The fibrous CONNECTIVE TISSUE surrounding the TOOTH ROOT, separating it from and attaching it to the alveolar bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS).
Substances that cause the adherence of two surfaces. They include glues (properly collagen-derived adhesives), mucilages, sticky pastes, gums, resins, or latex.
Congenital absence of the teeth; it may involve all (total anodontia) or only some of the teeth (partial anodontia, hypodontia), and both the deciduous and the permanent dentition, or only teeth of the permanent dentition. (Dorland, 27th ed)
The thickest and spongiest part of the maxilla and mandible hollowed out into deep cavities for the teeth.
A polymer obtained by reacting polyacrylic acid with a special anion-leachable glass (alumino-silicate). The resulting cement is more durable and tougher than others in that the materials comprising the polymer backbone do not leach out.
The aftermost permanent tooth on each side in the maxilla and mandible.
The space in a tooth bounded by the dentin and containing the dental pulp. The portion of the cavity within the crown of the tooth is the pulp chamber; the portion within the root is the pulp canal or root canal.
Mesodermal tissue enclosed in the invaginated portion of the epithelial enamel organ and giving rise to the dentin and pulp.
The selected form given to a natural tooth when it is reduced by instrumentation to receive a prosthesis (e.g., artificial crown or a retainer for a fixed or removable prosthesis). The selection of the form is guided by clinical circumstances and physical properties of the materials that make up the prosthesis. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p239)
Photographic techniques used in ORTHODONTICS; DENTAL ESTHETICS; and patient education.
A thin protein film on the surface of DENTAL ENAMEL. It is widely believed to result from the selective adsorption of precursor proteins present in SALIVA onto tooth surfaces, and to reduce microbial adherence to the TEETH.
Inability or inadequacy of a dental restoration or prosthesis to perform as expected.
The seepage of fluids, debris, and micro-organisms between the walls of a prepared dental cavity and the restoration.
Devices used for influencing tooth position. Orthodontic appliances may be classified as fixed or removable, active or retaining, and intraoral or extraoral. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p19)
Agents used to occlude dental enamel pits and fissures in the prevention of dental caries.
Presentation devices used for patient education and technique training in dentistry.
The predisposition to tooth decay (DENTAL CARIES).
Any of the numerous types of clay which contain varying proportions of Al2O3 and SiO2. They are made synthetically by heating aluminum fluoride at 1000-2000 degrees C with silica and water vapor. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed)
"Decayed, missing and filled teeth," a routinely used statistical concept in dentistry.
The maximum stress a material subjected to a stretching load can withstand without tearing. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed, p2001)
Diagnostic tests conducted in order to measure the increment of active DENTAL CARIES over a period of time.
A film that attaches to teeth, often causing DENTAL CARIES and GINGIVITIS. It is composed of MUCINS, secreted from salivary glands, and microorganisms.
Stainless steel. A steel containing Ni, Cr, or both. It does not tarnish on exposure and is used in corrosive environments. (Grant & Hack's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
A source of inorganic fluoride which is used topically to prevent dental caries.
Poly-2-methylpropenoic acids. Used in the manufacture of methacrylate resins and plastics in the form of pellets and granules, as absorbent for biological materials and as filters; also as biological membranes and as hydrogens. Synonyms: methylacrylate polymer; poly(methylacrylate); acrylic acid methyl ester polymer.
Death of pulp tissue with or without bacterial invasion. When the necrosis is due to ischemia with superimposed bacterial infection, it is referred to as pulp gangrene. When the necrosis is non-bacterial in origin, it is called pulp mummification.
Drinkable liquids combined with or impregnated with carbon dioxide.
X-RAY COMPUTERIZED TOMOGRAPHY with resolution in the micrometer range.
The degree of approximation or fit of filling material or dental prosthetic to the tooth surface. A close marginal adaptation and seal at the interface is important for successful dental restorations.
Calcium salts of phosphoric acid. These compounds are frequently used as calcium supplements.
The structures surrounding and supporting the tooth. Periodontium includes the gum (GINGIVA), the alveolar bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS), the DENTAL CEMENTUM, and the PERIODONTAL LIGAMENT.
Products made by baking or firing nonmetallic minerals (clay and similar materials). In making dental restorations or parts of restorations the material is fused porcelain. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed & Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
The formation of dentin. Dentin first appears in the layer between the ameloblasts and odontoblasts and becomes calcified immediately. Formation progresses from the tip of the papilla over its slope to form a calcified cap becoming thicker by the apposition of new layers pulpward. A layer of uncalcified dentin intervenes between the calcified tissue and the odontoblast and its processes. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Technique involving the passage of X-rays through oral structures to create a film record while a central tab or wing of dental X-ray film is being held between upper and lower teeth.
Extraoral body-section radiography depicting an entire maxilla, or both maxilla and mandible, on a single film.
Inflammation of the PERIAPICAL TISSUE. It includes general, unspecified, or acute nonsuppurative inflammation. Chronic nonsuppurative inflammation is PERIAPICAL GRANULOMA. Suppurative inflammation is PERIAPICAL ABSCESS.
A rapid, low-dose, digital imaging system using a small intraoral sensor instead of radiographic film, an intensifying screen, and a charge-coupled device. It presents the possibility of reduced patient exposure and minimal distortion, although resolution and latitude are inferior to standard dental radiography. A receiver is placed in the mouth, routing signals to a computer which images the signals on a screen or in print. It includes digitizing from x-ray film or any other detector. (From MEDLINE abstracts; personal communication from Dr. Charles Berthold, NIDR)
Diamond. A crystalline form of carbon that occurs as hard, colorless or tinted isomeric crystals. It is used as a precious stone, for cutting glass, and as bearings for delicate mechanisms. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Restorations of metal, porcelain, or plastic made to fit a cavity preparation, then cemented into the tooth. Onlays are restorations which fit into cavity preparations and overlay the occlusal surface of a tooth or teeth. Onlays are retained by frictional or mechanical factors.
Lasers in which a gas lasing medium is stimulated to emit light by an electric current or high-frequency oscillator.
A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)
The practice of personal hygiene of the mouth. It includes the maintenance of oral cleanliness, tissue tone, and general preservation of oral health.
A group of thermoplastic or thermosetting polymers containing polyisocyanate. They are used as ELASTOMERS, as coatings, as fibers and as foams.
The application of dental knowledge to questions of law.
Inflammation of the DENTAL PULP, usually due to bacterial infection in dental caries, tooth fracture, or other conditions causing exposure of the pulp to bacterial invasion. Chemical irritants, thermal factors, hyperemic changes, and other factors may also cause pulpitis.
Absence of teeth from a portion of the mandible and/or maxilla.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
Pathological processes involving the PERIODONTIUM including the gum (GINGIVA), the alveolar bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS), the DENTAL CEMENTUM, and the PERIODONTAL LIGAMENT.
A property of the surface of an object that makes it stick to another surface.
The act and process of chewing and grinding food in the mouth.
A purely physical condition which exists within any material because of strain or deformation by external forces or by non-uniform thermal expansion; expressed quantitatively in units of force per unit area.
The wearing away of a tooth as a result of tooth-to-tooth contact, as in mastication, occurring only on the occlusal, incisal, and proximal surfaces. It is chiefly associated with aging. It is differentiated from TOOTH ABRASION (the pathologic wearing away of the tooth substance by friction, as brushing, bruxism, clenching, and other mechanical causes) and from TOOTH EROSION (the loss of substance caused by chemical action without bacterial action). (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p86)
A type of porcelain used in dental restorations, either jacket crowns or inlays, artificial teeth, or metal-ceramic crowns. It is essentially a mixture of particles of feldspar and quartz, the feldspar melting first and providing a glass matrix for the quartz. Dental porcelain is produced by mixing ceramic powder (a mixture of quartz, kaolin, pigments, opacifiers, a suitable flux, and other substances) with distilled water. (From Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Fluoride is extremely effective in protecting enamel on the teeth. "Fluoride, a chemical that appears naturally in groundwater ... The enzymes "leach down the tooth and begin to dissolve the ligaments and bone that help to hold the teeth in your mouth." By ... "What is Living in my Mouth? Biofilms, Carbohydrate, and Acid Blasts." "Avoiding Tooth Decay." Oral-B. "Avoiding Tooth Decay." ... quickly bonds with the tooth's enamel to maintain its smooth crystalline surface and deter bacteria from gaining a toehold." ...
Teeth originally arose to bite creatures (see Conodonts); later a version of teeth was used in a new way to protect them."[3] ... There is a layer of enamel and even a layer of pulp. The whole shield is made up of thousands of small teeth fused together. ... Thelodonti ('nipple-teeth') are a group of small, extinct jawless fishes with distinctive scales instead of large plates of ... Particularly the head shield was well developed, protecting the head, gills and the anterior section of innards. The body were ...
It protects the tooth from the acids produced by oral microorganisms after consuming carbohydrates. The surface of enamel and ... Pellicle somewhat protects enamel, but not to dentin, from acid and abrasion. Plaque is a biofilm composed of several different ... The dental pellicle, or acquired pellicle, is a protein film that forms on the surface enamel, dentin, artificial crowns, and ... This thin layer forms on the surface of the enamel within minutes of its exposure. These glycoproteins include proline-rich ...
... which therefore protects the teeth within their sockets. In periodontal health, the alveolar bone surrounds the teeth and forms ... a line around the circumference of the tooth where the enamel surface of the crown meets the outer cementum layer of the root. ... The term periodontium is used to describe the group of structures that directly surround, support and protect the teeth. The ... Cementum is the outer layer of the tooth root; it overlies the dentine layer of the tooth and provides attachment for the ...
The tooth enamel has traits that have been interpreted as protecting against cracks in the teeth. The hypsodont (high-crowned) ... Near the top of the tooth, enamel covers the entire crown, but further down there is no enamel on the concave face of the tooth ... and meet the outer enamel at a high angle. These features of the enamel are apparently adaptations that protect the tooth from ... They suggest the tooth probably had enamel on all sides of the crown, but Prasad and colleagues point to a possible enamel- ...
Enamel is formed on the tooth while the tooth is developing within the gum, before it erupts into the mouth. Once fully formed ... Bones support and protect the various organs of the body, produce red and white blood cells, store minerals and also enable ... The enamel on primary teeth has a more opaque crystalline form and thus appears whiter than on permanent teeth. The large ... The maintenance and repair of human tooth enamel is one of the primary concerns of dentistry. In humans, enamel varies in ...
It binds directly as matrix to the tooth mineral and forms a stable layer on the teeth. This layer does protect the teeth from ... to self-assemble generating a peptide scaffold mimicking the enamel matrix. Around the newly formed matrix de-novo enamel- ... Candida Protect Professional (CH) Medicine portal Amorphous calcium phosphate Remineralisation of teeth Oligopeptide Biomimetic ... CURODONT PROTECT (EU) EMOFLUOR PROTECT GEL PROFESSIONAL (CH) CURODONT D'SENZ (EU & CH) EMOFLUOR DESENS GEL PROFESSIONAL (CH) ...
... the surfaces of teeth is caused by a biofilm formation of primarily Streptococcus mutans and the slow breakdown of tooth enamel ... The function of the slime layer is to protect the bacteria cells from environmental dangers such as antibiotics and desiccation ... "Myricetin protects Galleria mellonella against Staphylococcus aureus infection and inhibits multiple virulence factors". ...
Fluoride protects tooth enamel from attack by bacteria that cause dental caries (cavities). Although developed by a chemist at ... The plaque produces acid, which attacks the enamel. Tooth enamel consists mostly of calcium hydroxyphosphate, Ca5(PO4)3OH, also ... so the tooth enamel resists decay better than enamel containing no fluoride. Sodium monofluorophosphate is produced ... They also turn it into a glue-like substance that helps them stick to the surface of the tooth. ...
The fluoride acts as a hardening agent with the enamel base on teeth, remineralizing and protecting them from harsh acids and ... Further elucidating the mechanism of how bacteria protect themselves from fluoride toxicity can help modify the mechanism to ... "Effect of fluoride toothpastes on enamel demineralization". BMC Oral Health. 6 (8): 8. doi:10.1186/1472-6831-6-8. PMC 1543617. ...
... the high-crowned hypsodont teeth, protected by tough enamel well below the gumline, identifies grazers suited to a gritty diet ... Some of the new fossils demonstrate by the form of their teeth that they lie closer to African fossil relatives than to the ... Many of the herbivores have teeth adapted to grass-eating; though no plant fossils have been recovered, ...
... sobrinus on tooth enamel surfaces. The glucans provide a shelter for bacterial colonization, and the protected environment ... Lactic acid demineralizes tooth enamel and fosters the initiation of dental caries. S. sobrinus has an optimal growth ... sobrinus to tooth enamel, but had no effect on the growth of the population itself. A study by Sun et al. in 2009, tested a ... However, these traits also indicate that S. sobrinus has a difficult time surviving outside the host of the human teeth. In ...
A tooth may become sore to bite on, and further, tooth wear may reduce the insulating width of enamel and dentin that protects ... Tooth wear caused by tooth-to-tooth contact is termed attrition. This is the most usual type of tooth wear that occurs in ... Once tooth wear progresses through the enamel layer, the exposed dentin layer is softer and more vulnerable to wear and tooth ... When tooth-to-tooth contact is possible through the holes in a splint, it is offering no protection against tooth wear and ...
... the second layer of the tooth beneath the enamel which encases and protects the pulp (often referred to as the nerve). Animal ... Some mice had a tooth extracted and the cells from bioengineered tooth germs were implanted into them and allowed to grow. The ... King's College London (March 10, 2020). "Teeth That Repair Themselves - Study Finds Success With Natural Tooth Repair Method". ... which requires further damage to be done to the teeth by drilling into them to prevent the loss of an entire tooth. Researchers ...
In addition, Crest contains stannous fluoride which has been said to strengthen and protect tooth enamel, calcium and fight ...
"Synthetic tooth enamel may lead to more resilient structures", Michigan News, University of Michigan, March 1, 2017, retrieved ... Orcutt, Mike (February 3, 2016), "This Football Helmet Design Promises to Protect the Brain, Not Just the Skull: Mechanical ... artificial tooth enamel that can withstand high-shock and high-vibration environments, and nanolayered composite materials that ...
The first (c. 1801-1933) was research into the cause of a form of mottled tooth enamel called the Colorado brown stain. The ... In the second half they speculated that fluoride would protect against tooth decay, proposed supplementing the diet with ... Although fluoridation can cause dental fluorosis, which can alter the appearance of developing teeth or enamel fluorosis, the ... Once a cavity occurs, the tooth's fate is that of repeated restorations, with estimates for the median life of an amalgam tooth ...
It binds directly as matrix to the tooth mineral and forms a stable layer on the teeth. This layer does protect the teeth from ... Medicine portal Calcium lactate Calcium phosphate Tooth development Toothpaste Tooth enamel Featherstone, J. D. B. (2008). " ... Protecting children and adults against tooth decay Helps prevent premature tooth loss of baby teeth due to decay and overall ... It begins at the surface, and may progress into either cavitation (tooth decay) or erosion (tooth wear). Tooth decay ...
"How The Enamel That Coats Your Teeth Evolved". AAAS. Retrieved January 6, 2017. "Tooth Enamel May Have Evolved From Ancient ... They are also protected under the Lacey Act, which makes transporting certain species of fish in interstate commerce illegal ... sharp teeth; and double row of teeth on their upper jaws. They are usually brown or olive fading to a lighter gray or yellow ... which is essentially homologous to tooth enamel, making them nearly impenetrable. Lacépède first described the alligator gar in ...
The "biomimetic hydroxylapatite" is intended to protect the teeth by creating a new layer of synthetic enamel around the tooth ... Whitening toothpaste is generally safe for daily use, but excessive use might damage tooth enamel. Teeth whitening gels ... the main component of tooth enamel, rather than fluoride, to remineralize areas of mineral loss below the surface of tooth ... An enamel toothpaste that repairs teeth. BioRepair (January 18, 2013). Retrieved on April 4, 2013. Schlosser J (December 20, ...
In both cases, teeth may be left more vulnerable to decay because the enamel is not able to protect the tooth. In most people, ... Enamel rods, which are the basic unit of the enamel structure, run perpendicularly from the surface of the tooth to the dentin ... After tooth formation, the ameloblasts, which produce enamel, are destroyed once enamel formation is complete and thus cannot ... The teeth most likely affected are the maxillary anterior teeth, but all teeth can be affected. The name for this type of ...
Alternatively the tooth may become darker without pulp necrosis. Enamel hypoplasia: Enamel hypoplasia causes enamel to be thin ... the first 24-48 hours after the whitening procedure is seen as the most crucial period in which you must protect for your teeth ... Tooth wear is a progressive loss of enamel and dentine due to tooth erosion, abrasion and attrition. As enamel wears down, ... The scattering of light and absorption within enamel and dentine determine the intrinsic colour of teeth and because the enamel ...
When you're looking to protect your tooth enamel, brushing right after you wake up in the morning is better than brushing your ... Not brushing your teeth causes harmful bacteria to build upon your teeth and gums. Bacteria growing in your mouth can infect ... To brush the backs of the front teeth the brush should be held vertically to the tooth and moved in an up and down motion. The ... Most dentists recommend using a toothbrush labelled "soft", since firmer bristled toothbrushes can damage tooth enamel and ...
In a healthy tooth pulp, the pulp is well-protected from infection by the enamel and dentin layers. A healthy normal pulp: -is ... Together, the epithelial enamel organ and ectomesenchymal dental papilla and follicle form the tooth germ. The dental papilla ... Vitality of a tooth, which refers to blood supply to a tooth, may be assessed using doppler flowmetry. Sequelae of a necrotic ... Pulp acts as a security and alarm system for a tooth. Slight decay in tooth structure not extending to the dentin may not alarm ...
Tooth wear and ageing: Tooth wear is a progressive loss of enamel and dentine due to tooth erosion, abrasion and attrition. As ... "policies of regulating tooth whitening to protect patient safety and prosecuting illegal practice."[80] A group of dental ... Alternatively the tooth may become darker without pulp necrosis.. *Enamel hypoplasia: Enamel hypoplasia causes enamel to be ... "Teeth Whitening". WebMD. Retrieved 2020-03-03.. *^ a b Greenwall, Linda (2017-04-11), "Tooth Sensitivity Associated with Tooth ...
Enamel[edit]. Main article: Tooth enamel. Enamel is the hardest and most highly mineralized substance of the body. It is one of ... is also recommended to protect teeth surfaces. Many dentists include application of topical fluoride solutions as part of ... Bottom teeth of a seven-year-old, showing primary teeth (left), a lost primary tooth (middle), and a permanent tooth (right) ... The anatomic crown of a tooth is the area covered in enamel above the cementoenamel junction (CEJ) or "neck" of the tooth.[1][2 ...
Children in those communities are at risk of developing severe tooth enamel fluorosis, a condition that can cause tooth enamel ... EPA Alumni Association: Drinking Water, Half Century of Progress - a brief history of U.S. efforts to protect drinking water ... advice on water conservation and information about protecting the community's water sources. Studies have shown that there can ... fluoride with the practice of intentionally adding fluoride to public drinking-water supplies for the prevention of tooth decay ...
Perikymata are usually lost through tooth wear, except on the protected cervical regions of some teeth, especially the ... Tooth cavities are caused when acids dissolve tooth enamel: Enamel is also lost through tooth wear and enamel fractures. Ca10( ... The basic unit of enamel is called an enamel rod. Measuring 4-8 μm in diameter, an enamel rod, formally called an enamel prism ... The area around the enamel rod is known as interrod enamel. Interrod enamel has the same composition as enamel rod, however a ...
... resulting in yellow discoloration and thinned tooth enamel.[1][150] Their use during pregnancy has been associated with the ... concerns about creating a vaccine designed to neutralize a stable community of normal skin bacteria that is known to protect ... are contraindicated during pregnancy as they are known to deposit in developing fetal teeth, ...
Unlike human teeth, which are composed mostly of enamel on the portion of the tooth outside of the gum, whale teeth have ... "NOAA Fisheries - Office of Protected Resources. Retrieved 9 August 2015.. *. "Mysticetes hunt in groups". Defenders of Wildlife ... Only in larger whales, where the cementum is worn away on the tip of the tooth, does enamel show. Mysticetes have large ... They have a pair of blowholes side-by-side and lack teeth; instead they have baleen plates which form a sieve-like structure in ...
... essentially an island city protected by an enormous wall of teeth), with their signature battle cry "We Make, Holes In Teeth!" ... Enamel. *Clean + Fresh. *Future-Proof. Crest Pro-Health mouthwash side effects[edit]. Tooth staining[edit]. Crest Pro-Health ... "Does Crest Pro-Health Rinse stain teeth brown?". Crest. Archived from the original on 2016-03-06. Retrieved 2016-06-06. Tooth ... "teeth whitening tips". Retrieved 2014-03-02.. {{,date=august 2019 ,bot=InternetArchiveBot ,fix-attempted=yes }} ...
... non-human tooth development is largely the same as in humans. For human teeth to have a healthy oral environment, enamel, ... Also, they provide a mechanism for teeth to be more self cleansing. Lastly, they protect the gingiva from undue frictional ... Teeth can belong to one of two sets of teeth: primary ("baby") teeth or permanent teeth. Often, "deciduous" may be used in ... The enamel organ is composed of the outer enamel epithelium, inner enamel epithelium, stellate reticulum and stratum ...
They are made of a bone-like material called dentin, which is covered by the hardest tissue in the body-enamel.[8] Teeth have ... Stimulation of the larynx by ingested matter produces a strong cough reflex in order to protect the lungs. ... Teeth. Main article: Human tooth. Teeth are complex structures made of materials specific to them. ... As well as its role in supplying digestive enzymes, saliva has a cleansing action for the teeth and mouth.[15] It also has an ...
"Protecting and managing underground sites for bats, see section 6.4" (PDF). Eurobats. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 ... The head and teeth shape of bats can vary by species. In general, megabats have longer snouts, larger eye sockets and smaller ... The upper incisors of vampire bats lack enamel, which keeps them razor-sharp.[42] The bite force of small bats is generated ... In fruit-eating bats, the cusps of the cheek teeth are adapted for crushing.[41] These feeding behaviours are true for both ...
These enzymes also play a role in breaking down food particles entrapped within dental crevices, thus protecting teeth from ... Bartelstone, H. J. (1951). "Radioiodine penetration through intact enamel with uptake by bloodstream and thyroid gland". J Dent ... Haptocorrin, a protein which binds to Vitamin B12 to protect it against degradation in the stomach, before it binds to ... Proline-rich proteins (function in enamel formation, Ca2+-binding, microbe killing and lubrication)[5] ...
The term periodontium is used to describe the group of structures that directly surround, support and protect the teeth. The ... a line around the circumference of the tooth where the enamel surface of the crown meets the outer cementum layer of the root. ... Cementum is the outer layer of the tooth root; it overlies the dentine layer of the tooth and provides attachment for the ... In periodontal health, the alveolar bone surrounds the teeth and forms the bony socket that supports each tooth. The buccal and ...
Lepidotrichia are usually composed of bone, but in early osteichthyans such as Cheirolepis, there was also dentine and enamel[ ... The dorsal fins serve to protect the fish against rolling, and assist it in sudden turns and stops. ...
Dental amalgam is a liquid mercury and metal alloy mixture used in dentistry to fill cavities caused by tooth decay.[1] Low- ... The dental operating team should deal with amalgam with proper use of personal protective equipment to protect themselves.[61] ... "enamel sites beyond the height of contour".[31] For cosmetic purposes, composite is preferred when a restoration is required on ... Varga, J; Matsumura, H; Masuhara, E (1986). "Bonding of amalgam filling to tooth cavity with adhesive resin". Dent Mater J. 5 ( ...
... frictional trauma from a sharp surface in the mouth such as broken tooth, or from tooth brushing.[8] ... Smokeless tobacco products also seem to protect against aphthous stomatitis.[10] Cessation of smoking is known to sometimes ... Trauma can be reduced by avoiding rough or sharp foodstuffs and by brushing teeth with care. If sodium lauryl sulfate is ... Teeth (pulp, dentin, enamel). *Amelogenesis imperfecta. *Ankylosis. *Anodontia. *Caries *Early childhood caries ...
The upper incisors have yellowish enamel and are opisthodont, with the cutting edge inclined backwards. The molars are ... but having smaller teeth, and in having oddly shaped wear facets of the incisors. The Colombian animal was probably kept in ... but does occur in at least one protected area. Displacement by the black rat has caused the species to become locally extinct ...
To protect and restore teeth that may have extensive tooth tissue loss due to erosion, attrition or abrasion.[19] ... In primary molars that may be affected by developmental problems both localized or generalized i.e. in cases of enamel ... Decay in baby teethEdit. Baby teeth are known as primary teeth or deciduous teeth. Biologically orientated strategies for ... Some children respond better to the idea of the crown being a 'Terminator tooth', 'Iron Man tooth', shiny helmet tooth or a ...
... seems to have had notably high rates of pitting enamel hypoplasia (PEH), where tooth enamel formation is spotty ... and savanna baboons are known to live in multi-male societies to better protect the troop from predation in their more exposed ... However, since circular holes in enamel coverage are uniform in size, only present on the molar teeth, and have the same ... In P. robustus, about 47% of baby teeth and 14% of adult teeth were affected, in comparison to respectively 6.7% and 4.3% in ...
Z. insignis molars are distinct from other extant anomalures in having a continuous enamel crest that, in occlusal view, forms ... saharaensis also have these features and the lineage's tooth morphology is essentially unchanged since the early Oligocene.[5][ ... and occurs in several protected areas.[1] However, some conservation biologists state that "This rating belies the fact that ... a full perimeter around the tooth and a single transverse crest divides the occlusal surface into two basins.[5][8][13] The ...
Drinking acidic drinks over a long period and continuous sipping may erode the tooth enamel. A 2007 study determined that some ... to some degree is protected under the First Amendment. To avoid a First Amendment challenge by corporations, public schools ... If oral bacteria ferment carbohydrates and produce acids that may dissolve tooth enamel and induce dental decay, then sweetened ... Using a drinking straw is often advised by dentists as the drink does not come into as much contact with the teeth. It has also ...
The rostral teeth (near the tip) are longest and descend slightly in size towards the rear. Dames (1884) described the tooth ... Bavaria, to this date, is the only Bundesland having no laws protecting such finds.[99] However, the federal government has ... having a smooth enameled surface and mostly oriented upright in the jaw. A slight constriction, or "waist", is visible about ... Dentition analysis of the specimen shows twelve teeth on each half of the upper tooth row, likely four in the premaxillary and ...
Now any visitor can see these items, although in very dim light to protect the relics,[65] and many Muslims make a pilgrimage ... The golden scabbard is covered with diamonds and enamel. In 1747, the Sultan Mahmud I had this dagger made for Nader Shah of ... one tooth, a hair of his beard, his battle sabres, an autographed letter and other relics[65] which are known as the Sacred ... The golden lattice work was to protect the bathing sultan or his mother from murder attempts. The sultan's bath was decorated ...
The enamel plates of the molars are greater in number and closer together in Asian elephants. Some males may also lack tusks; ... where they have about half the median life span of conspecifics in protected populations in range countries. This discrepancy ... "Jumbos surviving by the skin of their teeth". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 26 April 2018 ... expansion of agriculture and illegal encroachment into protected areas. ...
... is a component of many detergents, cosmetics, and enamel glazes. It is used to make buffer solutions in biochemistry, as ... Was traditionally used to coat dry-cured meats such as hams to protect them from becoming fly-blown during further storage ... and some tooth bleaching formulas.[16] ... Ingredient in enamel glazes. *Component of glass, pottery, and ...
Upon leaving Panama protected by the repatriation policy, Gauguin and Laval decided to get off the boat at the Martinique port ... "Gauguin could be cleared of syphilis-by the skin of his teeth". The Art Newspaper. Retrieved 27 February 2014.. ... which reminded Dujardin of the Medieval cloisonné enameling technique. Gauguin was very appreciative of Bernard's art and of ... In 2014, forensic examination of four teeth found in a glass jar in a well near Gauguin's house threw into question the ...
EPT is not recommended for patients with orthodontic bands or crowned teeth. Key factors in testing are the enamel and dentine ... In addition, dental caries is more likely to develop pulpitis due to less time for the dental pulp to react and protect itself ... No statistics are known but it is possible to have a trouble-free tooth after irreversible pulpitis, albeit a dead tooth. The ... The pulp contains the blood vessels the nerves and connective tissue inside a tooth and provides the tooth's blood and ...
Interventions for replacing missing teeth: hyperbaric oxygen therapy for irradiated patients who require dental implants PMID ... Enamel etching for bonding fixed orthodontic braces PMID 24272130 https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD005516.pub2 ... Done Blue-light filtering intraocular lenses (IOLs) for protecting macular health PMID 29786830 https://doi.org/10.1002/ ... Interventions for replacing missing teeth: horizontal and vertical bone augmentation techniques for dental implant treatment ...
... the alveolar tooth-bearing bone is also involved, jeopardizing the stability and durability of the teeth in place and requiring ... Contemporary body piercing studios generally take numerous precautions to protect the health of the person being pierced and ... as the sebaceous glands produce an oily substance meant to protect and moisturize the wound.[127] While these sebum deposits ...
Increased salivation to protect tooth enamel from stomach acids. (Excessive vomiting leads to dental erosion). This is part of ... Recurrent vomiting, such as observed in bulimia nervosa, may lead to the destruction of the tooth enamel due to the acidity of ... Aspiration, electrolyte and water loss, damage to the enamel of the teeth, tear of the esophageal mucosa. ... It is thought that disgust is triggered by the sound of vomiting to protect those nearby from possibly diseased food.[35] ...
Teeth are not made of bone, but rather of tissues of varying density and hardness, such as enamel, dentine and cementum. Human ... To digest vitamin B12 non-destructively, haptocorrin in saliva strongly binds and protects the B12 molecules from stomach acid ... Teeth. Main article: Teeth. Teeth (singular tooth) are small whitish structures found in the jaws (or mouths) of many ... This is the ability of sensation when chewing, for example if we were to bite into something too hard for our teeth, such as a ...
Common causes of oral ulceration include rubbing on sharp edges of teeth, fillings, crowns, false teeth (dentures), or braces ( ... anti-inflammatories or barrier pastes to protect the raw area(s).[5] ... Holding an aspirin tablet next to a painful tooth in an attempt to relieve pulpitis (toothache) is common, and leads to ... There may be nearby causative factor, e.g. a broken tooth with a sharp edge that is traumatizing the tissues. Otherwise, the ...
Your teeth may be small, but because theyre wrapped up in tooth enamel, theyre tough. In fact, tooth enamel is the hardest ... Knowing how to protect your enamel can prevent erosion - and keep your teeth healthy and strong. ... Enamel: The Great Protector. Enamel is the white coating around each tooth that serves as a protective barrier against dietary ... Yet acids and tooth damage from wear and tear are the biggest culprits to wearing away your enamel (also called "enamel erosion ...
But many things we do every day can erode tooth enamel. See the biggest culprits in this WebMD slideshow. ... Enamel protects the soft inner part of a tooth. ... How Enamel Protects Your Teeth. Enamel is kind of like an ... Tooth Enamel Erosion in Children. Many experts say tooth enamel erosion is on the rise -- especially in children. Why? Some say ... Grinding Teeth. Another cause of tooth enamel damage is bruxism, or teeth grinding. Over time, the constant clenching and ...
... teeth whitening, implants, veneers & other dental care. Call today to make an appointment! ... Enamel - that tough, outermost tooth layer - protects your teeth from all sorts of hazards, from bacterial attack to ... Keeping the Lid on Acid to Protect Your Tooth Enamel. posted: May 21, 2021. ... Many treatments are effective and will not only improve your general health but may also help preserve your tooth enamel. ...
Damaging your enamel can cause your dentin to be exposed, which can lead to tooth sensitivity, cavities and a yellow tint to ... See what a difference abrasivity can make on your tooth enamel by watching this lab demonstration video now. ... If your pH drops too low, you could lose precious minerals that keep your enamel strong - making you vulnerable to tooth decay ... Choosing a toothpaste with a low RDA is a proactive way to protect your teeth. ...
... is a teeth-whitening kit made for at home use for only 9 minutes per day. But does it really live up to the hype? Read our ... Protects Your Enamel. While other teeth whitening products are very effective at making your teeth look white and gorgeous, ... The most important thing is that Snow® doesnt damage your enamel and gums, unlike a wide variety of other teeth whitening ... Snow® Teeth Whitening Kit Review. FDA-approved portable tool for whitening teeth in just 9 minutes a day for fraction of the ...
Chipped teeth are very common and occur for a number of reasons. The extent of the damage-and the corresponding treatment ... If you think you have a chipped tooth, it is important to... ... the sharp edges of dentin and enamel might hurt your tongue. Be ... Protect-a-Chipped-Tooth-Step-4.jpg\/v4-460px-Protect-a-Chipped-Tooth-Step-4.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/d\/d5\/Protect-a- ... Protect-a-Chipped-Tooth-Step-5.jpg\/v4-460px-Protect-a-Chipped-Tooth-Step-5.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/a\/a3\/Protect-a- ...
Natural Dental Wear Protects Teeth Against Fatigue Failure Health Overweight Adults Have Extensive Tooth Wear - Now Scientists ... Ancient Reptile Had Mammal-Like Tooth Enamel - "Strangest Teeth Ever Seen" TOPICS:EvolutionPaleontologyTeethUniversity of ... The teeth of Priosphenodon show a special type of tooth enamel, similar to that of mammals, with high resistance to wear and ... Be the first to comment on "Ancient Reptile Had Mammal-Like Tooth Enamel - "Strangest Teeth Ever Seen"". ...
We selected twenty-five teeth, recently extracted for orthodontic purposes, for this in vitro study. The teeth were caries free ... We repeated the brushing protocol for another 21 days on demineralized enamel. Enamel vestibular surfaces were examined using a ... Teeth were brushed (for 2-3 min, twice a day, for 21 days), with five different toothpastes (four commercially available and an ... After that, teeth were demineralized with 37% orthophosforic acid (Ultra Etch®, Ultradent Products Inc., South Jordan, UT, USA ...
... tooth+plaque? Find a list of current medications, their possible side effects, dosage, and efficacy when used to treat or ... reduce the symptoms of prevention+of+tooth+plaque ... Prevident 5000 Enamel Protect Paste. Off Label. RX. 0 Reviews. ... Considering taking medication to treat prevention+of+tooth+plaque? Below is a list of common medications used to treat or ... reduce the symptoms of prevention+of+tooth+plaque. Follow the links to read common uses, side effects, dosage details and read ...
Xiaomi 0+ Natural Toothpaste Teeth Whitening Enamel Protecting -Fruity Meant. Add to wishlistAdded to wishlistRemoved from ... Be the first to review "Xiaomi 0+ Natural Toothpaste Teeth Whitening Enamel Protecting -Fruity Meant" Cancel reply. Your email ... HomeUncategorizedXiaomi 0+ Natural Toothpaste Teeth Whitening Enamel Protecting -Fruity Meant. ...
Researchers discovered that the small misorientations among the nanocrystal structure of human tooth enamel serves as a ... thus protecting the enamel from catastrophic failure. Not only do the results help explain how human tooth enamel can last a ... small misorientations among the nanocrystal building blocks of human tooth enamel.. Enamel is composed of hydroxyapatite, a ... In Tooth Enamel, Slight Crystal Misorientations Stop Cracks in Their Tracks. Science Snapshots • December 23, 2019. ...
Dentists could soon be giving your teeth a mild time warp to encourage them to self-repair, thanks to a new device being ... Study reveals how enamel protects childrens teeth. June 4, 2013 A new study has revealed that childrens teeth are protected ... My teeth are so bad from the RA meds that I am on, and I brush my teeth every night and every morning, always have. My teeth ... Encouraging teeth to self-repair. June 16, 2014, Kings College London Dentists could soon be giving your teeth a mild time ...
Protect Extra Fresh - 3.4 Oz from Albertsons. Browse our wide selection of Toothpaste for Delivery or Drive Up & Go to pick up ... Helps whiten enamel. Exposed dentin. Repairing layer protects against sensitivity (with twice daily brushing). Sensodyne Repair ... Brush teeth thoroughly for at least 1 minute twice a day (morning and evening), and not more than 3 times a day, or as ... Stop use and ask a doctor if: the problem persists or worsens (sensitive teeth may indicate a serious problem that may need ...
There are ways to manage toothache pain at home until you can get help for a broken tooth. We look at what you can do and when ... Broken enamel. Every tooth has a hard, outer layer called enamel. Enamel is the hardest material in the whole body. It protects ... A broken tooth doesnt always hurt, or the pain may come and go. But if you have exposed nerves or tooth dentin, your tooth may ... Over-the-counter tooth repair. If your tooth is broken and sharp against your tongue, you can find temporary tooth fillings at ...
Weak tooth enamel, which can be caused by diet, dry mouth, gastrointestinal issues, and stress, leaves you susceptible to tooth ... The crown will cover the exposed dentin to prevent infection and act as the enamel did, smoothly protecting the tooth. ... Wine can certainly help your enamel, but not by protecting your teeth from acid. Try another answer... ... Explore whether tooth bonding would work for you. Tooth bonding might be necessary if your teeth are very rough and discolored ...
Protects teeth, tongue, cheeks & gums. Whole mouth health (Helps reduce plaque that leads to gingivitis; fortifies enamel; ... loose teeth, or increasing spacing between the teeth. These may be signs of periodontitis, a serious form of gum disease. ... Sensitive teeth may indicate a serious problem that may need prompt care by a dentist. Stop use and ask a dentist if gingivitis ... Brush teeth thoroughly for at least 1 minute twice a day (morning and evening) or as recommended by a dentist. Make sure to ...
Fluoride helps to rebuild and strengthen the tooths surface, or enamel. Water fluoridation prevents tooth decay by providing ... Fluoride has been proven to protect teeth from decay. Bacteria in the mouth produce acid when a person eats sugary foods. This ... For adults, drinking water with fluoride supports tooth enamel, keeping teeth strong and healthy. The health benefits of ... In 2018, community water systems that contain enough fluoride to protect teeth served more than 200 million people or 73% of ...
Protected area targets post-2020. *. Cognitive Science. The history and future of neurological care ... A cytoplasmic role of Wnt/β-catenin transcriptional cofactors Bcl9, Bcl9l, and Pygopus in tooth enamel formation ... A cytoplasmic role of Wnt/β-catenin transcriptional cofactors Bcl9, Bcl9l, and Pygopus in tooth enamel formation ... A cytoplasmic role of Wnt/β-catenin transcriptional cofactors Bcl9, Bcl9l, and Pygopus in tooth enamel formation ...
Protects against sensitivity • Strengthens tooth enamel • Removes plaque bacteria. In stock Out of Stock ... Whiter teeth in just 2 weeks • Prevents stains forming • Multi action formula ...
Fluoride helps strengthen tooth enamel, which protects it from decay. * Flossing teeth - the dentist will review the patients ... Loss of teeth. *The alveolar and periodontal membrane can become damaged - bone and tissue surrounding the root of teeth can ... If there are any marks or stains the teeth are then polished. If the plaque and tartar remain in the teeth, the gingiva (the ... Brushing teeth - the dentist will review the patients tooth-brushing technique, and if necessary, explain how to do this ...
Tooth Brush suppliers, wholesalers and factory on Made-in-China.com ... Enamel Protect, Anti-Cavity Fluoride Formula Toothpaste Specially for Sensitive Teeth FOB Price: US $ 0.23 / Piece. Min. Order ... Teeth Whitening Toothpaste Teeth Whitening Strips Toothpaste Dispenser Dental Toothpaste Oem Toothpaste Gel Toothpaste Adult ... White Teeth Whitening Products Gel and Toothpaste for Teeth FOB Price: US $ 4-6 / Piece. Min. Order: 100 Pieces ...
How can you protect it? Here are the answers to all… Read more at Colgate.com ... Have you ever wondered about tooth enamel? What is it? How important is it? ... Enamel plays a very important role in protecting your teeth from decay, so it is important to do everything that you can to ... Have you ever wondered about tooth enamel? What is it? How important is it? How can you protect it? Here are the answers to all ...
How can you protect it? Here are the answers to all… Read more ... Have you ever wondered about tooth enamel? What is it? How ... Enamel plays a very important role in protecting your teeth from decay, so it is important to do everything that you can to ... Have you ever wondered about tooth enamel? What is it? How important is it? How can you protect it? Here are the answers to all ... What Are The Different Parts Of A Tooth?. Each tooth has several distinct parts; here is an overview of each part:. *. Enamel ...
... including types of teeth, such as adult, milk and wisdom teeth, and what teeth are made of. ... Find out facts about adult and milk teeth, ... Enamel is the hardest substance in the body and protects the ... Dentine protects the inner part of the tooth, called the pulp. The pulp is where each tooths blood supply and nerve endings ... Types of teeth There are 4 different types of teeth: *Incisors - these are your 4 front teeth on the top and bottom jaw. ...
Fluoride works to protect teeth. It . . .. *prevents mineral loss in tooth enamel and replaces lost minerals ... Tooth-friendly tips:. *Limit between-meal snacks. This reduces the number of acid attacks on teeth and gives teeth a chance to ... Tooth decay can be stopped or reversed at this point. Enamel can repair itself by using minerals from saliva, and fluoride from ... But if the tooth decay process continues, more minerals are lost. Over time, the enamel is weakened and destroyed, forming a ...
Enamel protects the delicate nerves and tissue inside your teeth. Inch for inch, your teeth can take more wear and tear than ... Bones are strong, but teeth are stronger. The enamel on your teeth, which are considered part of your skeletal system, is ...
Theres much more to a tooth than meets the eye. This article for kids gives you the inside story. ... Enamel is a very tough substance and it acts as a tooths personal bodyguard. Enamel works as a barrier, protecting the inside ... Dentin protects the innermost part of the tooth, called the pulp. The pulp is where each tooths nerve endings and blood supply ... Tooth Tour. Lets take a tour of your teeth. Look in the mirror at your own teeth or check out a friends smile. The part of ...
acquired enamel pellicle is a membranous layer which protects the tooth from bacterial infection. It is formed when the tooth ... acquired enamel pellicle. , a membranous layer that protects the tooth from bacterial infection. It is formed when the tooth ... The tooth surface is both hard and non-shedding with an acquired enamel pellicle, a membranous layer that protects the tooth ... The most caries prone part of the tooth are fissures and contact sites between teeth. These are the parts of the tooth where ...
Protecting the pulp is dentine, calcified tissue that supports the outer layer of enamel. ... worn at night to protect teeth. Dr Carter adds that if unconscious tooth-grinding occurs during the day, teaching the patient ... Teeth-grinding, or bruxism, can lead to tooth decay Photo: GETTY IMAGES ... Our teeth are built up of layers: on the inside is pulp - soft tissue that houses nerves and blood vessels. This is the part ...
The enamel that protects the outside of your teeth is hard but it can get worn. When enamel is worn, teeth are more prone to ... These acids then attack the enamel on the teeth. When this happens repeatedly, teeth will begin decaying. Cavities accompanied ... Tooth Decay and Cavities Plaque is the main cause of tooth decay, or cavities, and gum disease. When people eat, especially ... Unlike tooth decay, gum disease is not as obvious as tooth decay because it is painless. Some signs of gum disease include red ...
  • Without the protective enamel layer, small cavities can develop on the hard surface of your teeth, causing permanent, tiny holes that can get larger and deeper over time - leaving the inner layers of your teeth exposed, and requiring a trip or two to the dentist. (armandhammer.com)
  • While you know that plaque can cause cavities, you may not know that plaque also creates acids that can wear away your enamel and damage your teeth. (armandhammer.com)
  • If your pH drops too low, you could lose precious minerals that keep your enamel strong - making you vulnerable to tooth decay and cavities. (armandhammer.com)
  • Damaging your enamel can cause your dentin to be exposed, which can lead to tooth sensitivity, cavities and a yellow tint to your teeth. (armandhammer.com)
  • Cavities are the leading cause of toothache and decay, which can actually break your teeth. (healthline.com)
  • This acid eats away minerals from the tooth's surface, making the tooth weaker and increasing the chance of developing cavities. (cdc.gov)
  • By keeping the tooth strong and solid, fluoride stops cavities from forming and can even rebuild the tooth's surface. (cdc.gov)
  • Brushing removes the plaque (a sticky film of bacteria that grows around the teeth) that causes tooth decay, or cavities. (faqs.org)
  • Plaque is the main cause of tooth decay, or cavities, and gum disease. (faqs.org)
  • This web page explains how the tooth decay process starts and how it can be stopped or even reversed to keep your child from getting cavities. (nih.gov)
  • This led to the recommendation to add fluoride to America's drinking water, a process that began in Michigan in the 1940s and continues to this day, in the attempt to save millions of children from the pain and suffering caused by cavities, dental fillings, and teeth pulling. (nih.gov)
  • However, in 1928, the National Institute of Health (NIH) in Washington, D.C. began to conduct studies on tooth discoloration and cavities. (nih.gov)
  • Protects against cavities. (stopandshop.com)
  • Strengthens enamel to help prevent cavities. (giantfoodstores.com)
  • Formulated to protect against cavities, this whitening toothpaste removes surface stains to help restore your teeth to their natural color. (tomsofmaine.com)
  • It is thought that adding fluoride helps strengthen the enamel of teeth, preventing decay, cavities and tooth loss. (howstuffworks.com)
  • When dentin is exposed due to loss of enamel you experience that sharp, shooting pain associated with cavities or sensitive teeth. (dentalplans.com)
  • The bacteria produce acids that eat away at the enamel-the hard smooth outer surface of the tooth-eventually producing cavities in the enamel. (encyclopedia.com)
  • If untreated, cavities can lead to toothache, loss of the tooth, and bacterial infections spreading to the gums and other tissues. (encyclopedia.com)
  • At this point the surface of the tooth begins to develop small pits or cavities. (encyclopedia.com)
  • texts attributed tooth decay and cavities to a "tooth worm. (encyclopedia.com)
  • There he noticed that the Native Americans he was treating had badly discolored teeth as well as a high number of cavities. (encyclopedia.com)
  • This can lead to holes (cavities) developing in the tooth, which expose the nerves underneath and cause toothache. (hse.ie)
  • If you sip water with lemon or lime slices, for example, or kombucha drinks throughout the day, you create an acidic environment that can lead to weakened enamel and the increased likelihood that you'll get cavities. (healthcentral.com)
  • If you get too little fluoride, your teeth might weaken and develop cavities. (nih.gov)
  • Studies suggest that giving a pregnant woman fluoride dietary supplements does not help prevent cavities in her child's teeth. (nih.gov)
  • However, according to a new study published in the May/June 2013 issue of General Dentistry , the peer-reviewed clinical journal of the Academy of General Dentistry (AGD), consuming cheese and other dairy products may help protect teeth against cavities. (eurekalert.org)
  • Dental caries is the medical term for tooth decay or cavities. (colgateprofessional.com)
  • Cavities is another way of saying tooth decay. (colgateprofessional.com)
  • also known as tooth decay or dental cavities. (scribd.com)
  • Dental caries, known as cavities, are the primary cause of enamel degradation, leading to tooth decay and yellowing. (cosmeticsandtoiletries.com)
  • Get stronger, healthier teeth and gums. (armandhammer.com)
  • For healthier teeth and gums, our Complete Care™ Toothpaste removes plaque, neutralizes harmful acids and safely whitens your teeth, all in one hardworking toothpaste. (armandhammer.com)
  • Plaque (a sticky film that continuously forms on your teeth and gums) has bacteria that feed on the sugars and carbohydrates left in your mouth after you eat or drink - producing plaque acids that lower the pH of your mouth. (armandhammer.com)
  • ARM & HAMMER™ Toothpastes like ARM & HAMMER™ Sensitive Teeth & Gums™ have an average RDA of 81 ‡ - lower than the 250 RDA upper guideline, and lower than many commercial toothpastes today. (armandhammer.com)
  • This substance is, arguably, harmful to your teeth, but it's the gums that really get the worst of it. (americaninventorspot.com)
  • The serum that Snow® offers is not only less harmful and more effective, but you use a brush to apply the substance to your teeth, completely avoiding your gums. (americaninventorspot.com)
  • Also avoid tea that is too hot, as it can cause damage to your teeth or gums. (wikihow.com)
  • Protects teeth, tongue, cheeks & gums. (jewelosco.com)
  • you have painful or swollen gums, pus from the gum line, loose teeth, or increasing spacing between the teeth. (jewelosco.com)
  • For children younger than age 8, fluoride helps strengthen the adult (permanent) teeth that are developing under the gums. (cdc.gov)
  • If a person's gums are red instead of pink, inflamed, swollen and bleed when they brush their teeth, they most likely have gingivitis. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Normal gums should be firm and pinkish, and should not bleed when you brush your teeth normally. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Healthy gums keep our teeth anchored into place securely. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Use a toothpaste with fluoride (a chemical compound that is added to toothpaste and drinking water to help prevent tooth decay), hold the toothbrush at a 45-degree angle against the gums, and brush back and forth in short movements. (faqs.org)
  • Over time, the gums and the bone around the teeth can become weakened. (faqs.org)
  • Some signs of gum disease include red, swollen, or sensitive gums, chronic bad breath, and gums that bleed while brushing the teeth. (faqs.org)
  • Getting regular check-ups, including diagnostic X-rays, will help prevent the development of serious dental problems such as gum disease or abscesses (when pus from a tooth infection spreads to the gums). (faqs.org)
  • Healthier gums and stronger teeth (Fights plaque and gingivitis. (acmemarkets.com)
  • The part of the tooth you can see, which is not covered by the gum (your gums are the pink, fleshy part), is called the crown . (kidshealth.org)
  • Hundreds of different types live on our teeth, gums, tongue and other places in our mouths. (nih.gov)
  • Tongue, lip and cheek piercings may look good, but they can chip teeth and irritate gums. (bio-medicine.org)
  • Regular dental visits help your child's teeth and gums stay healthy. (deltadental.com)
  • Hygiene instructions improve your child's brushing and flossing, leading to cleaner teeth and healthier gums. (deltadental.com)
  • Your pediatric dentist will provide an ongoing assessment of your child's oral health to ensure strong and healthy teeth and gums. (deltadental.com)
  • Because you can't stop taking your medications just because you're fearful of their oral side effects, you need to do your homework and know the best ways to care for your teeth and gums. (dumblittleman.com)
  • The gums consist of the tissue surrounding the roots of the teeth and covering the jawbone. (wikibooks.org)
  • Then he would mold a night mouth guard that would especially fit their teeth, gums, and the space between their dentures. (webwire.com)
  • Floss engineered not to shred, break or sag Comfort grip handle has a thumb pad and non-slip surface for better control Angled neck allows for easy access to back teeth Pick gently cleans between teeth and massages gums Recommended by dental. (shop.com)
  • Pour 20 ml (4 x 5 ml teaspoonfuls) into a glass, rinse around teeth and gums for 30 seconds, then spit out. (superdrug.com)
  • If you eliminate raw fruits and vegetables from your diet, you could miss out on important nutrients like vitamin C that helps keep teeth and gums healthy. (deltadental.com)
  • The visible part of a tooth is called the crown, which you can see poking out from your gums. (everydayhealth.com)
  • Abscesses can occur between the gums and the teeth or inside the pulp of a tooth. (everydayhealth.com)
  • Symptoms of periodontal disease include red and swollen gums, persistent bad breath, and receding gums and loose teeth. (umm.edu)
  • It provides the firm connection of root of the teeth between gums and jawbone. (thefashionablehousewife.com)
  • By taking good care gums, we can protect this soft tissue. (apsense.com)
  • Helps to soothe the gums and protects against tooth decay. (alternativestores.com)
  • While you are wearing braces, it is essential that you take care of your teeth and gums. (colgateprofessional.com)
  • My gums started to peel on the first use of OrabB gentle whitening gum and enamel repair toothpaste, my tongue + lips feel slightly tingly + swollen. (productreview.com.au)
  • This remineralising toothpaste with clay and essential oil of organic sage lastingly soothes sensitive gums and helps maintain healthy teeth and gums. (cosmebio.org)
  • Teeth were brushed (for 2-3 min, twice a day, for 21 days), with five different toothpastes (four commercially available and an experimental one) containing fluoride and hydroxyapatite. (mdpi.com)
  • Include fluoride and enamel-hardening toothpaste or mouthwash in your oral hygiene routine. (wikihow.com)
  • Remineralizing gels with calcium phosphate and fluoride have been scientifically proven to help remineralize tooth enamel. (wikihow.com)
  • Drinking more water helps you to consume more fluoride and to avoid the sugary drinks that lead to enamel damage. (wikihow.com)
  • Other Information: Products containing stannous fluoride may produce surface staining of the teeth. (albertsons.com)
  • Fluoride has been proven to protect teeth from decay. (cdc.gov)
  • Fluoride helps to rebuild and strengthen the tooth's surface, or enamel. (cdc.gov)
  • Water fluoridation prevents tooth decay by providing frequent and consistent contact with low levels of fluoride. (cdc.gov)
  • Community water fluoridation is the process of adjusting the amount of fluoride in drinking water to a level recommended for preventing tooth decay. (cdc.gov)
  • Although other fluoride-containing products, such as toothpaste, mouth rinses, and dietary supplements are available and contribute to the prevention and control of tooth decay, community water fluoridation has been identified as the most cost-effective method of delivering fluoride to all, reducing tooth decay by 25% in children and adults. (cdc.gov)
  • For adults, drinking water with fluoride supports tooth enamel, keeping teeth strong and healthy. (cdc.gov)
  • In the 1930s, scientists examined the relationship between tooth decay in children and naturally occurring fluoride in drinking water. (cdc.gov)
  • The study found that children who drank water with naturally high levels of fluoride had less tooth decay. (cdc.gov)
  • In 2018, community water systems that contain enough fluoride to protect teeth served more than 200 million people or 73% of the US population. (cdc.gov)
  • Because it is so beneficial, the United States has a national goal for 77% of Americans to have water with enough fluoride to prevent tooth decay by 2030. (cdc.gov)
  • Of course, you can also protect your enamel by practicing good oral hygiene habits, like regular brushing with a fluoride toothpaste, flossing, and visiting your dental professional for regular professional cleanings. (colgate.com)
  • Misc: Fluoride toothpaste for anticavity, antigingivitis and sensitive teeth. (acmemarkets.com)
  • Enamel can repair itself by using minerals from saliva, and fluoride from toothpaste or other sources. (nih.gov)
  • Fluoride is a mineral that can prevent tooth decay from progressing. (nih.gov)
  • Fluoride works to protect teeth. (nih.gov)
  • Most bottled water does not contain enough fluoride to prevent tooth decay. (nih.gov)
  • In the 1930s, NIH (National Institute of Health) scientist Dr. H. Trendley Dean performed experiments showing that the chemical fluoride helped prevent dental carries in children's teeth. (nih.gov)
  • The story of fluoride and drinking water actually begins with mottled teeth. (nih.gov)
  • Dean wanted answers to many questions: Was fluoride really the only cause of mottled teeth? (nih.gov)
  • The data has shown CURODONT™ REPAIR to lead to superior enamel regeneration when compared to placebo or fluoride varnish, and indicated a complementary effect of CURODONT™ REPAIR and fluoride varnish. (biospace.com)
  • Fluoride is good for teeth in small doses. (bio-medicine.org)
  • However, if children ingest too much fluoride, they can develop fluorosis, a condition in which their teeth develop a mottled appearance. (bio-medicine.org)
  • Teeth cleanings remove debris, and fluoride treatments strengthen the enamel. (deltadental.com)
  • For several decades, fluoride has been added to water in efforts to prevent tooth decay. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Fluoride is generally assumed to protect tooth enamel. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Fluoride is also known to cause a cosmetically damaging effect called fluorosis, a staining of the teeth that experts say does not attribute to any physical problems. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Apart from that, consumption of too much fluoride can also lead to enamel discoloration. (dumblittleman.com)
  • this decrease is attributed to improved patient education about care of the mouth and teeth, and to such preventive practices as adding fluoride to the water supply . (encyclopedia.com)
  • Brushing with this fluoride-free formula helps reduce dental plaque build-up and brightens teeth while freshening breath and promoting oral health. (iherb.com)
  • Fluoride helps protect the enamel on a child's teeth. (modernmom.com)
  • No. 1 dentist recommended brand for sensitive teeth with fluoride. (stopandshop.com)
  • Fluoride protects your teeth from decay, hardens tooth enamel and strengthens bones. (fitday.com)
  • Inadequate fluoride can result in weak tooth enamel but an excess can cause tooth mottling, or stains. (fitday.com)
  • Fluoride is added to toothpaste and municipal water to stop further loss of enamel. (ecochildsplay.com)
  • Preventing tooth decay is a worthy public health cause, but what are the consequences of systemic fluoride? (ecochildsplay.com)
  • Crest Pro-Health with stannous fluoride shields teeth to better protect enamel against acids in the danger zone++ while all fluoride toothpaste protects in the safe zone. (dentalcare.com)
  • Stannous fluoride goes beyond regular fluoride by not only remineralizing weakened enamel, but also by forming a micro-thin shield to protect against dietary acids and inhibits the production of caries-causing plaque acids** (and gingivitis-causing inflammatory toxins). (dentalcare.com)
  • Crest Pro-Health with stabilized stannous fluoride forms a micro-thin shield to protect against erosive acids, helping prevent irreversible enamel damage, 26.9% less enamel loss vs. Sensodyne Pronamel at 10 days. (dentalcare.com)
  • Sodium fluoride , stannous, fluoride and sodium monofluorophosphate are all fluorine compounds added to toothpaste, also to help prevent tooth decay. (smore.com)
  • Fluoride can protect teeth from demineralization that is caused by the acid. (smore.com)
  • Inadequate fluoride intakes result in an increased risk of tooth decay. (smore.com)
  • Several people, especially those at higher risk of tooth decay, benefit from fluoride treatment. (smore.com)
  • Fluoride is a mineral that helps prevent tooth decay and helps keep your bones strong. (nih.gov)
  • Fluoride helps protect your teeth by strengthening the outer enamel surface. (nih.gov)
  • Children who take dietary supplements that contain fluoride have a lower risk of tooth decay and tooth loss. (nih.gov)
  • Infants and children who get too much fluoride while their teeth are forming can develop a condition called dental fluorosis. (nih.gov)
  • Remineralization is a complex process involving the condition of the existing tooth structure, the quantity and quality of saliva, the content and behavior of the bacteria biofilm, the presence of fluoride, and oral pH. (carifree.com)
  • Tooth decay is heavily influenced by lifestyle, what we eat, how well we take care of our teeth, the presence of fluoride in our water and toothpaste. (colgateprofessional.com)
  • Strengthen and replenish enamel with a unique active fluoride formula. (colgateprofessional.com)
  • Fluoride has been known to exhibit a cavity-preventive effect for teeth, and has been utilized extensively in oral care for decades. (cosmeticsandtoiletries.com)
  • Previously, the benefits of fluoride were attributed to modifications of surface enamel from hydroxyapatite to fluorapatite-a harder mineral that is more resistant to decay due to its low solubility properties of fluorapatite. (cosmeticsandtoiletries.com)
  • 5 Moreover, fluoride adsorbs onto the surface of enamel and attracts calcium ions, promoting remineralization. (cosmeticsandtoiletries.com)
  • New research suggests that fluoride treatment is also capable of reducing bacterial adhesion to teeth, which limits acid production while maintaining a stable environment for enamel. (cosmeticsandtoiletries.com)
  • In order for fluoride to provide lasting protection, repeated use is necessary to maintain the protective fluorapatite film on the surface of enamel hydroxyapatite. (cosmeticsandtoiletries.com)
  • 7 Unfortunately, extensive fluoride treatment can lead to dental fluorosis, which is characterized by white streaks on enamel. (cosmeticsandtoiletries.com)
  • Several toothpastes offer all-round protection and contain whitening ingredients to restore natural tooth color, anti-bacterial and tartar control agents to reduce the accumulation of plaque and prevent gum disease, and fluoride to strengthen teeth. (news-medical.net)
  • While the incidence of forming dental caries has reduced appreciably by the addition of fluoride to toothpaste, corrective action for tooth decay still accounts for most of the dentist visits. (news-medical.net)
  • In order to minimize the risk of formation of dental caries, toothpastes contain antibacterial agents to prevent the build-up of teeth-eroding bacteria, and fluoride which makes the surface of teeth more resistant to acid and decay. (news-medical.net)
  • The bioactive glass releases fluoride, phosphate, and calcium ions over 8-10 hours, which is nearly the time between morning and evening teeth brushings. (news-medical.net)
  • Brush your teeth with an enamel-strengthening toothpaste like ARM & HAMMER TM Bright & Strong that strengthens and repairs teeth with liquid calcium technology. (armandhammer.com)
  • The ultimate deep cleaning formula, PeroxiCare™ Deep Clean Toothpaste combines baking soda and peroxide, penetrating deep between your teeth and spreading along the gum line to deliver a powerful, full coverage clean. (armandhammer.com)
  • Baking soda instantly neutralizes plaque acids better than any other toothpaste ingredient - raising your mouth's pH, which restores minerals and helps strengthen and repair enamel. (armandhammer.com)
  • ARM & HAMMER™ Bright & Strong Truly Radiant™ Toothpaste neutralizes acids and strengthens and repairs the enamel's surface with liquid calcium™ technology - filling in tiny cracks and restoring tooth-strengthening minerals. (armandhammer.com)
  • Your toothpaste can really make a difference to your enamel. (armandhammer.com)
  • Relative Dentin Abrasivity (RDA) is a method used to measure toothpaste abrasivity and its impact on dentin and enamel. (armandhammer.com)
  • Choosing a toothpaste with a low RDA is a proactive way to protect your teeth. (armandhammer.com)
  • It could also be in fluoridated toothpaste or mouthwash.Brush your teeth properly with a soft-bristled toothbrush in a brisk circular motion for 2 minutes. (wikihow.com)
  • Toothpaste for sensitive teeth & cavity protection. (albertsons.com)
  • Gently whiten teeth the natural way with our new Activated Charcoal Toothpaste. (tomsofmaine.com)
  • 1) Brush the tooth to clean the surface of early dental caries using toothbrush with toothpaste on it. (news-medical.net)
  • ProNamel ® Fresh Wave toothpaste is specially formulated to help protect against the effects of acid erosion. (planetrx.com)
  • You can also help protect your teeth with ProNamel ® toothpaste. (planetrx.com)
  • Toothpaste for sensitive teeth, gingivitis and cavity prevention. (stopandshop.com)
  • This formulation has been specifically developed to deliver all the toothpaste benefits your sensitive teeth need. (stopandshop.com)
  • Recommend Colgate ® Enamel Health ™ toothpaste to your patients for stronger, healthier enamel. (colgateprofessional.com)
  • For those who still have teeth and have toothpaste in the home! (manataka.org)
  • But toothpaste s cleaning capabilities work wonders on many things besides our teeth. (manataka.org)
  • Our teeth are made of enamel, and toothpaste is good for them, so it stands to reason that toothpaste would also be good for our fingernails. (manataka.org)
  • The most common approach to protect teeth is regular brushing with toothpaste of good quality. (news-medical.net)
  • Currently, there seems to be a toothpaste designed to resolve any possible dental health concern, with specialist toothpastes marketed for smokers, tooth whitening, sensitive teeth, and gum health. (news-medical.net)
  • Bioactive glass toothpaste has already been shown to decelerate tooth decay and reduce tooth sensitivity by accelerating the repairing of enamel. (news-medical.net)
  • strengthens enamel and protects against enamel loss. (acmemarkets.com)
  • Strengthens teeth (When added to a good oral care routine by strengthening enamel. (stopandshop.com)
  • Pronamel Mineral Boost protects teeth by working with your mouth to boost absorption of calcium and phosphate which naturally strengthens enamel. (go.com)
  • When enamel breaks down or wears away, your teeth will appear more yellow in color because the dentin layer beneath your enamel has a natural yellow tone. (armandhammer.com)
  • When enamel wears away, the dentin layer is exposed, so food that is hot, cold, acidic, sticky or sweet can irritate those nerves deep within the tooth, causing sensitivity . (armandhammer.com)
  • Sometimes, with chipped teeth, especially at night, the sharp edges of dentin and enamel might hurt your tongue. (wikihow.com)
  • But if you have exposed nerves or tooth dentin, your tooth may be very sensitive (especially to cold drinks). (healthline.com)
  • Dentin - this is the layer of the tooth under the enamel. (colgate.com)
  • If decay makes it through the enamel, it next attacks the dentin - where millions of tiny tubes lead directly to the dental pulp. (colgate.com)
  • If you were able to peel away the enamel, you would find dentin (say: DEN-tin). (kidshealth.org)
  • Dentin makes up the largest part of the tooth. (kidshealth.org)
  • Dentin protects the innermost part of the tooth, called the pulp . (kidshealth.org)
  • The structure of the tooth includes dentin, pulp and other tissues, blood vessels and nerves imbedded in the bony jaw. (medlineplus.gov)
  • It utilizes the high bonding capacity of the CUROLOX® TECHNOLOGY to the tooth surface to form an effective protective barrier on the dentin. (biospace.com)
  • they are born, they grow, they (or, to be more specific, the dentin core of your teeth) have nerves and a blood supply. (dentalplans.com)
  • Dentin is intended to protect the pulp of your teeth, and has a direct hotline to the nerves of teeth. (dentalplans.com)
  • Dentin is also what primarily gives your teeth their color. (dentalplans.com)
  • If these are not attended to, they can grow larger and move inward to affect the dentin, a layer of hard tissue below the enamel. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Dentin is softer than enamel and protects the pulp at the center of the tooth. (encyclopedia.com)
  • When the cavity cuts through the enamel into the dentin, it speeds up the decay process. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The Dentin (also called Dentine ) is the substance between the enamel (substance in the crown) or cementum (substance in the root) of a tooth and the pulp chamber. (wikibooks.org)
  • Sensitivity can be a sign that your teeth are vulnerable, as dentin becomes exposed due to enamel loss or gum recession. (stopandshop.com)
  • When exposed dentin comes into contact with hot or cold, sweet or sour, or even your toothbrush, the nerve inside the tooth can be triggered, causing short, sharp pain. (stopandshop.com)
  • When your teeth enamel becomes thinner it will make the dentin portion of the teeth beneath enamel visible. (peaceworkmagazine.org)
  • Each tooth is covered in a layer of tough dentin and a harder outer covering of enamel . (everydayhealth.com)
  • Dentin is one of the major components of teeth. (apsense.com)
  • It is softer than enamel and dentin. (apsense.com)
  • It is the most vital part of the tooth, underneath the enamel layer and the dentin layer. (apsense.com)
  • The pulp is responsible for the formation of dentin, pains from trauma to the dentin, nourishment to teeth, and much more. (apsense.com)
  • Tooth sensitivity is a common name for dentin hypersensitivity or root sensitivity. (colgateprofessional.com)
  • Dentin is the softer layer beneath the enamel. (colgateprofessional.com)
  • The soft dentin within the tooth contains microscopic tubules. (news-medical.net)
  • The ability of bioactive glass to improve mineral formation in the dentin when included in a tooth filling raised the prospect of it repairing damage to the enamel before it advances to dental caries. (news-medical.net)
  • The dental pellicle, or acquired pellicle, is a protein film that forms on the surface enamel, dentin, artificial crowns, and bridges by selective binding of glycoproteins from saliva that prevents continuous deposition of salivary calcium phosphate. (wikipedia.org)
  • The surface of enamel and dentin attracts salivary glycoproteins and bacterial products creating the pellicle layer. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pellicle somewhat protects enamel, but not to dentin, from acid and abrasion. (wikipedia.org)
  • If left untreated, a broken tooth can collect bacteria, risking infection or abscess . (healthline.com)
  • Avoid the sugary, starchy, and acidic foods and drinks are those most likely to create the bacteria on your teeth that becomes acidic and attacks tooth enamel. (wikihow.com)
  • This bacteria can cause the discoloration, sensitivity, and roughened teeth that are hallmarks of enamel loss. (wikihow.com)
  • Gum with the natural sweetener xylitol doesn't feed the bacteria that weakens your enamel, and xylitol has actually been shown to strengthen tooth enamel. (wikihow.com)
  • Plaque, a sticky substance made up of bacteria builds up in the teeth. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • When starches and sugars in food interact with bacteria normally found in our mouths, plaque can form on our teeth. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • When those substances stick to your teeth and interact with bacteria in your mouth, lactic acid is produced, which can damage your enamel. (colgate.com)
  • foods containing starches and sugars, and they don't brush their teeth right away, the plaque bacteria in their mouths make acids. (faqs.org)
  • Tooth decay is the result of an infection with certain types of bacteria that use sugars in food to make acids. (nih.gov)
  • Bacteria found in the saliva also have a net negative charge so there is a repulsion between the tooth surface and oral bacteria, protecting the tooth from infection. (kenyon.edu)
  • Individuals that practice oral hygiene have 1,000 to 100,000 bacteria living on each tooth surface, while less clean mouths can have between 100 million and 1 billion bacteria on each tooth. (wikipedia.org)
  • By turning simple sugars and carbohydrates into acids and enzymes that dissolve tooth enamel, this bacteria can leave a person with lasting dental problems. (wikipedia.org)
  • The inflammation around the teeth increases your risk of periodontal disease as it creates a favorable environment for bacteria to grow. (dumblittleman.com)
  • Some of the communities are comprised of pathogenic bacteria that cause decay, gum inflammation and tooth loss. (dentalplans.com)
  • But compared to the activities of the 700 species of bacteria that potentially reside in your mouth, teeth seem to lead very Zen lives. (dentalplans.com)
  • Tooth decay, also known as dental caries , is a disorder of the mouth in which bacteria living in the mouth break down carbohydrates in food. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Tooth decay begins with plaque, a thin film that is a mixture of saliva, bacteria, and dead cells from the tissues that line the mouth. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Dental decay is when bacteria in your mouth form plaque and break down the enamel of your tooth. (hse.ie)
  • It is the strongest barrier between bacteria and the inner layers of teeth. (peaceworkmagazine.org)
  • This bacteria forms the acid that breaks down the minerals in the enamel of teeth. (ecochildsplay.com)
  • Bacteria causes tooth decay. (ecochildsplay.com)
  • Those sugars allow plaque - swarms of bacteria that adhere to the teeth - to create acids that destroy enamel and can lead to a cavity , or tooth decay. (everydayhealth.com)
  • 1 The oral environment endures a constant cycle of mineral loss and gain, and the calcium phosphate crystals in enamel can dissolve when exposed to acids from foods or oral bacteria-a process known as demineralization. (cosmeticsandtoiletries.com)
  • A significant contributor to the onset of caries is the production of acids by oral bacteria, which increases the solubility of enamel and causes demineralization. (cosmeticsandtoiletries.com)
  • Regular smoking or coffee drinking can cause teeth to develop yellow stains, eating sugary foods leads to a build-up of bacteria that causes bad breath and dental caries, and eating lots of acidic foods can weaken enamel. (news-medical.net)
  • Tooth decay occurs when sugars in the food and drinks consumed are metabolized by bacteria to produce acids, which dissolve the protective enamel coating of a tooth and subsequently expose the dentine below. (news-medical.net)
  • Plaque is a biofilm composed of several different kinds of bacteria and their products that develop over the enamel on the pellicle. (wikipedia.org)
  • These exopolysacharides create a sticky environment that allows other bacteria to attach to the initial colonies and protect them from acids. (wikipedia.org)
  • Minerals continue to move in and out of the tooth in a natural cycle, but when too much mineral is lost, the enamel is undermined and the tooth is said to have developed a caries lesion (which can later become a physical cavity). (medicalxpress.com)
  • Read more about molar teeth, its functionality and how to prevent it from cavity. (colgate.com)
  • When you eat hot soup, bite into a super-cold scoop of ice cream, fall and hurt a tooth, or get a cavity, it's your pulp that hurts. (kidshealth.org)
  • You probably know that a dental cavity is a hole in a tooth. (nih.gov)
  • But did you know that a cavity is the result of the tooth decay process that happens over time? (nih.gov)
  • Over time, these acids can make a cavity in the tooth. (nih.gov)
  • Over time, the enamel is weakened and destroyed, forming a cavity. (nih.gov)
  • How can we help teeth win the tug of war and avoid a cavity? (nih.gov)
  • But if we eat frequently throughout the day -- especially foods and drinks containing sugar and starches -- the repeated acid attacks will win the tug of war, causing the tooth to lose minerals and eventually develop a cavity. (nih.gov)
  • This synthetic enamel not only repairs teeth but also protects teeth from cavity at the same time. (news-medical.net)
  • I don't think it will take long, maybe within two to three years, because presently there is no method for tooth cavity prevention which everyone needs. (news-medical.net)
  • The pulp cavity is surrounded by layers of hard tissue to protect it. (hse.ie)
  • cavity - A hole or decay lesion in a tooth. (scribd.com)
  • Saliva hosts a wide range of proteins and peptides that function to protect the oral cavity. (cosmeticsandtoiletries.com)
  • Enamel is the white coating around each tooth that serves as a protective barrier against dietary and plaque acids, tooth damage from daily use, and temperature sensitivity. (armandhammer.com)
  • Increased tooth sensitivity. (armandhammer.com)
  • Avoid citrus and acidic foods that may trigger tooth sensitivity. (armandhammer.com)
  • Repairing layer protects against sensitivity (with twice daily brushing). (albertsons.com)
  • Pronamel Mineral Boost helps keep teeth strong, white, and protected from sensitivity. (go.com)
  • What is tooth sensitivity? (stopandshop.com)
  • However, you can try alternative treatments at home such as brushing with sea salt to reduce pain and sensitivity in your teeth. (humana.com)
  • People suffer from teeth sensitivity when the enamel gets damaged. (thefashionablehousewife.com)
  • In the United States alone, about 40 million adults undergo tooth sensitivity. (news-medical.net)
  • Fight plaque and you'll protect your enamel. (armandhammer.com)
  • Plaque forms quickly, so brush twice a day to help protect your enamel - and your smile. (armandhammer.com)
  • ARM & HAMMER™ Toothpastes are clinically proven to remove up to 5 times more plaque in hard-to-reach places than non-baking soda toothpastes - going beyond the brush to clean deep and strengthen enamel. (armandhammer.com)
  • Even though enamel is the hardest substance in the body - even harder than bone - it's still vulnerable to damage from decay-causing plaque acids and highly abrasive toothpastes. (armandhammer.com)
  • Considering taking medication to treat prevention+of+tooth+plaque? (webmd.com)
  • Below is a list of common medications used to treat or reduce the symptoms of prevention+of+tooth+plaque. (webmd.com)
  • Brushing our teeth twice a day and flossing once a day removes plaque. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Plaque can re-form very quickly - within 24 hours of brushing your teeth. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • If the plaque and tartar remain in the teeth, the gingiva (the gum) will become more irritated and inflamed. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Using dental floss removes plaque that is caught between the teeth. (faqs.org)
  • There are many ecosystems on the tooth due to it's morphology which dictate the bacterial compositions of the plaque. (kenyon.edu)
  • The crown of the tooth, the visible portion of the tooth which is above the gumline, has five different surfaces upon which cariogenic plaque can form. (kenyon.edu)
  • The smooth surfaces on the buccal/labial and lingual sides of the tooth are most prone to plaque formation but will only become decayed in special circumstances such as low saliva conditions or when substrate (carbohydrates) concentrations are high. (kenyon.edu)
  • In contrast, the chewing surface of the tooth is less prone to plaque formation but is the most prone to caries formation. (kenyon.edu)
  • Morphology of the tooth including plaque and decay prone areas. (kenyon.edu)
  • found in dental plaque which produce extracellular glucans from sucrose that allow it to form aggregates on the tooth surface. (kenyon.edu)
  • He observed plaque on his own teeth- "a little white matter" as he called it. (wikipedia.org)
  • Enamel is a barrier that protects your teeth from the ravages of acids and plaque. (dentalplans.com)
  • Plaque builds up on teeth if it is not removed by regular flossing and brushing, eventually hardening into a whitish substance called tartar. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Saliva protects teeth from decay by plaque. (wikibooks.org)
  • And they can mechanically clean your teeth, removing plaque and food particles. (healthcentral.com)
  • Cleans the enamel from dental plaque. (alternativestores.com)
  • High levels of tannins found in tea can also lead to discolouration of the teeth, as tannic acid creates plaque on your teeth which causes yellowing. (thesun.co.uk)
  • Use a straw when you drink acidic drinks like soda or citrus juices, so your teeth are protected - or avoid them all together. (armandhammer.com)
  • Rinse your mouth with water after eating or drinking acidic foods to remove acids on your teeth. (armandhammer.com)
  • Sugary foods and acidic fruits and beverages are among the most damaging to your tooth enamel. (colgate.com)
  • It is formed when the tooth selectively absorbs acidic glycoproteins from the saliva. (kenyon.edu)
  • Juice is sugary and acidic, and it can destroy your teeth. (bio-medicine.org)
  • But every day, acidic food and drink can wash these minerals away, weakening and dulling enamel over time. (go.com)
  • But, because they tend to eat more acidic foods, like citrus, and tomatoes, and fruity teas, they may be at more risk for eroding off some of their enamel, which is why we should rinse our mouth with water after eating or drinking anything acidic (anything sour). (nutritionfacts.org)
  • Acidic beverages can degrade hydroxyapatite, a major component of tooth enamel. (acs.org)
  • Over time, the acidic beverages erode hydroxyapatite (HA), a major component of tooth enamel. (acs.org)
  • Those who consumed acidic drinks twice a day between meals, such as soft drinks, water with a slice of lemon or hot fruit flavoured teas, were more than 11 times more likely to have moderate or severe tooth erosion. (kcl.ac.uk)
  • While it is possible for acidic damage in the enamel to be repaired in the right conditions, severe Erosive Tooth Wear reduces quality of life and can mean complex and costly procedures, costing up to £30,000 per patient. (kcl.ac.uk)
  • The published research show that regurgitated or vomited stomach contents are highly acidic and repeated contact with tooth enamel results in erosive tooth wear. (kcl.ac.uk)
  • Everyday food and drinks in patients' diets can be highly acidic and damaging to enamel. (dentalcare.com)
  • Surprisingly, vinegar also contributes to enamel decay because of its acidic qualities. (humana.com)
  • You may drink some acidic things because they're good for your health, but they can be hard on your teeth," Hallisy says. (healthcentral.com)
  • If hot, cold, sweet or very acidic foods and drinks, or breathing in cold air, makes your teeth or a tooth sensitive or painful then you have sensitive teeth. (colgateprofessional.com)
  • Most important to enamel protection are salivary statherin and acidic proline-rich proteins, which aid in oral care by preserving the supersaturated state of calcium and phosphate ions in saliva. (cosmeticsandtoiletries.com)
  • Pulp - this is the soft tissue found in the center of all teeth, where the nerve tissue and blood vessels are located. (colgate.com)
  • If tooth decay reaches the pulp, you usually feel pain and may require a root canal procedure. (colgate.com)
  • The pulp also contains the tooth's blood vessels, which feed the tooth and keep it alive and healthy. (kidshealth.org)
  • The pulp goes all the way down into the root of the tooth, which is under the gum. (kidshealth.org)
  • Dentine protects the inner part of the tooth, called the pulp. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Our teeth are built up of layers: on the inside is pulp - soft tissue that houses nerves and blood vessels. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Protecting the pulp is dentine, calcified tissue that supports the outer layer of enamel. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Pulp keeps your teeth nourished and moist. (dentalplans.com)
  • Once the tooth decay reaches the pulp, the person may experience pain when biting down on food or the more severe toothache. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The dental pulp is the part in the center of a tooth made up of living soft tissue. (wikibooks.org)
  • There is a layer of enamel and even a layer of pulp. (wikipedia.org)
  • Enamel covers the outside of the tooth and is the first barrier to protect the pulp. (kcl.ac.uk)
  • In the middle of every tooth, there is space containing dental pulp. (hse.ie)
  • Toothache occurs when the pulp inside your tooth gets inflamed (known as pulpitis). (hse.ie)
  • If toothache is left untreated, the pulp inside your tooth will die and become infected. (hse.ie)
  • You get a toothache when the pulp (containing nerves) in the middle of your tooth becomes inflamed. (hse.ie)
  • It protects the softer inner pulp of the tooth that contains nerves and blood vessels. (denverhealth.org)
  • The treatment goal is to protect the tooth and the pulp interior. (denverhealth.org)
  • A root canal clears out the damaged pulp and places a new filler in the tooth. (denverhealth.org)
  • There are 32 of the pulp organs can be found in permanent teeth and 20 can be found in primary teeth. (apsense.com)
  • When the primary teeth fall out or removed from the mouth, pulp found in the primary teeth also gets lost. (apsense.com)
  • Saliva takes care of acids in your mouth that erode your teeth. (webmd.com)
  • The gum promotes saliva production, without the sugar that makes weakened enamel worse. (wikihow.com)
  • Sugar-free gum can help to strengthen your enamel by aiding in saliva production without adding more sugars to your diet that might increase damage. (wikihow.com)
  • A critical function of mucin in saliva is to protect the mouth from drying out. (reference.com)
  • If there's less saliva in your mouth, it can cause foods to stick on the surfaces of your teeth, making them difficult to remove. (dumblittleman.com)
  • Saliva protects the tooth against tooth decay and gum disease. (dumblittleman.com)
  • Under normal circumstances, minerals lost from the tooth surface are replaced by the saliva. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Remineralization is when saliva helps repair the damaged crystals of the tooth enamel. (wikibooks.org)
  • Then, they put them in tubes with coconut oil, sesame oil, and sunflower oil, along with some fake saliva, and vigorously shake them every day for two weeks and found…"no evidence to suggest" that oil pulling has any effect on teeth whitening. (nutritionfacts.org)
  • The way our body protects our teeth from erosion is by forming a "pellicle" over our teeth-a protective layer, of mostly proteins from our saliva, but some fat, too. (nutritionfacts.org)
  • The researchers prepared a flat layer of HA and coated it with human saliva to simulate the protective layer, or pellicle, of proteins and other salivary molecules that accumulates on teeth. (acs.org)
  • When your toddler eats a meal, the amount of saliva in his mouth increases, which helps to neutralise the effects of the tooth-attacking acid. (babycentre.co.uk)
  • He notes that saliva is also a great neutralizer for acids that can harm enamel. (cookinglight.com)
  • The saliva in our mouth can help rebuild the lost minerals in our enamel. (ecochildsplay.com)
  • Saliva is the solution around the tooth that allows for remineralization as it is supersaturated with brushite, octacalcium phosphate, tricalciumphosphate, fluorapatite, and hydroxyapatite nanoparticles-all forms ofcalcium phosphate. (carifree.com)
  • Maintaining appropriate levels of calcium and phosphate ions in saliva is essential for oral health, and the interface of enamel and saliva is of key importance since it is where both demineralization and remineralization processes occur (see Figure 1 ). (cosmeticsandtoiletries.com)
  • Saliva represents the major component for protecting and maintaining healthy teeth. (cosmeticsandtoiletries.com)
  • 2 Furthermore, saliva provides a source of calcium and phosphate ions, enabling remineralization to occur and repairing damaged teeth. (cosmeticsandtoiletries.com)
  • Carbonated water may be harmful to your teeth due to its acidity level, although it's still better for you than sugary carbonated beverages. (livestrong.com)
  • For those unwilling to give up the sugary drinks, help may be on the way: Researchers in Sweden have determined how potential soft drink additives could protect teeth. (acs.org)
  • How can I protect my toddler's teeth when he has sugary snacks and drinks? (babycentre.co.uk)
  • Brush your toddler's teeth after he has sweets or a sugary snack. (babycentre.co.uk)
  • You may become aware that the enamel has cracked if you feel pain while eating, especially if you're eating something hot, cold, or sugary. (humana.com)
  • Daily protection for sensitive teeth (with twice daily brushing). (albertsons.com)
  • Sensitive teeth may indicate a serious problem that may need prompt care by a dentist. (jewelosco.com)
  • Sensitive teeth may indicate an underlying problem that needs prompt care. (superdrug.com)
  • CURODONT ™ D'SENZ is designed for the treatment of sensitive teeth. (biospace.com)
  • It can be especially bad for those with sensitive teeth. (bio-medicine.org)
  • It provides an instant brightening boost while helping to protect tooth enamel for a visibly whiter appearance even on sensitive teeth. (sephora.com)
  • Furthermore, receding gum lines and weakened enamel can expose nerve endings causing sensitive teeth which experience pain on contact with food and drink - particularly very cold or very hot ones. (news-medical.net)
  • To provide momentary relief for sufferers of sensitive teeth, toothpastes containing ingredients that numb a tooth's nerve-endings are now available. (news-medical.net)
  • Aren't there better ways to prevent tooth decay? (ecochildsplay.com)
  • Cutting back on sugar, always brushing after meals, flossing frequently, and getting regular dental checkups can help prevent tooth decay. (everydayhealth.com)
  • Fluorine is added to city water supplies in the proportion of about one part per million to help prevent tooth decay. (smore.com)
  • since the 1930s fluriode has been added to cities water supplies to prevent tooth decay. (smore.com)
  • Over time, things like coffee, tea, wine, and cigarettes can make the outer layer of your teeth look dingy yellow or gray. (webmd.com)
  • Every tooth has a hard, outer layer called enamel. (healthline.com)
  • The two-step method developed by Reminova first prepares the damaged part of the enamel outer layer of the tooth, then uses a tiny electric current to 'push' minerals into the tooth to repair the damaged site. (medicalxpress.com)
  • It covers the outer layer of each tooth and it is the most visible part of the tooth. (colgate.com)
  • It occurs when the outer layer (enamel) of the tooth slowly dissolves. (kcl.ac.uk)
  • This acid will attack the hard outer layer of his teeth. (babycentre.co.uk)
  • The tough yet thin outer layer of the tooth is composed of dental enamel, which protects teeth from the daily assault of physical and chemical wear of chewing, grinding, food and drink. (cosmeticsandtoiletries.com)
  • These are filled with tiny nerve endings, which are protected by a hard outer layer of enamel. (news-medical.net)
  • Your back molars may be more susceptible to cracks from grinding your teeth or biting down on something hard. (healthline.com)
  • Many suffered from toothaches and painful extractions-often losing permanent teeth, including molars, even as teenagers. (cdc.gov)
  • Molars - used for grinding and chewing food, these teeth have several cusps on the biting surface to help in this process. (colgate.com)
  • Most adults grow 32 teeth - 8 incisors (the center four teeth on both the upper and lower jaws), 4 canines (the pointy ones on either side of the incisors), 8 premolars (between the incisors and the molars), and 12 molars (including 4 wisdom teeth, these are the bigger flat teeth in the back of your mouth). (dentalplans.com)
  • molars (the last three teeth on both sides of the mouth on the top and bottom), premolars (next to the molars), canines (next to the premolars), and incisors (the four front teeth on both the top and bottom). (everydayhealth.com)
  • Because there are more permanent teeth than primary teeth, the permanent premolars come in behind the primary molars. (colgateprofessional.com)
  • There is almost no difference in the enamel ultrastructure between remains of different geological age and tooth position (premolars, molars). (palaeo-electronica.org)
  • This work provides new data on the enamel microstructure of incisors, premolars and molars of several Late Miocene taxa of Prolagus and Ochotona (Ochotonidae) from Ukraine in order to complement the current knowledge. (palaeo-electronica.org)
  • Colgate's article provides information on the crown, gum line, root, enamel and other parts of the tooth. (colgate.com)
  • Enamel works as a barrier, protecting the inside parts of the tooth. (kidshealth.org)
  • Enamel is the hardest substance in the body and protects the more sensitive inner parts of the tooth. (www.nhs.uk)
  • 5. Be able to identify the following parts of the tooth. (wikibooks.org)
  • These microscopic cracks in your teeth can impact the health of your tooth's root, and may eventually require a root canal if not properly identified and treated. (wikihow.com)
  • It protects the tooth's blood vessels and nerve tissues. (healthline.com)
  • By accelerating the natural process by which calcium and phosphate minerals re-enter the tooth to repair a defect, the device boosts the tooth's natural repair process. (medicalxpress.com)
  • Enamel is a very tough substance and it acts as a tooth's personal bodyguard. (kidshealth.org)
  • These acids begin to eat away at the tooth's hard outer surface, or enamel. (nih.gov)
  • If you want to know how to treat, prevent and what causes enamel hypoplasia, you are going to have to know a little about a tooth's enamel. (selfgrowth.com)
  • Enamel is composed of hydroxyapatite, a biomineral that forms long and thin 50-nanometer wide nanocrystals, bundled into rods like uncooked spaghetti in tubes. (lbl.gov)
  • The enamel is made up mostly of minerals, primarily hydroxyapatite. (colgate.com)
  • Mucin clings to the crystals of hydroxyapatite on the enamel and gives it a protective layer called pellicle. (reference.com)
  • The body maintains healthy tooth mineral by replacing the lost hydroxyapatite and fluorapatite crystal particles as soon as the pH rises above critical remineralization pH. (carifree.com)
  • Unlike bone, which is composed of living cells capable of regeneration, dental enamel is constructed largely of mineral hydroxyapatite, Ca 10 (PO 4 ) 6 (OH) 2 . (cosmeticsandtoiletries.com)
  • Remineralization works to restore calcium and phosphate ions to enamel, and the structure of hydroxyapatite allows for ion substitutions in the crystal lattice during this process. (cosmeticsandtoiletries.com)
  • It provides an environment that is supersaturated with respect to hydroxyapatite and other calcium phosphate minerals, which helps to deter dissolution of enamel. (cosmeticsandtoiletries.com)
  • High acid levels can cause the minerals in enamel to dissolve, a process called de-mineralization. (oakcreekdental.com)
  • Your body can strengthen weak enamel itself if given the necessary nutrients and minerals. (wikihow.com)
  • Tooth decay normally develops in several stages, starting as a microscopic defect where minerals leach out of tooth . (medicalxpress.com)
  • This team helps enamel repair itself by replacing minerals lost during an "acid attack. (nih.gov)
  • Our teeth go through this natural process of losing minerals and regaining minerals all day long. (nih.gov)
  • When a tooth is exposed to acid frequently -- for example, if you eat or drink often, especially foods or drinks containing sugar and starches -- the repeated cycles of acid attacks cause the enamel to continue to lose minerals. (nih.gov)
  • But if the tooth decay process continues, more minerals are lost. (nih.gov)
  • The only one crappy part about the enamel is that the enamel is completely or above 90% made out of minerals. (selfgrowth.com)
  • It helps minerals penetrate deep into the enamel surface, actively strengthening and re-hardening weakened enamel, making it stronger, healthier and better protected from the effects of everyday acids. (superdrug.com)
  • Teeth need natural minerals to keep enamel healthy, strong, and white. (go.com)
  • The surfaces of human teeth are basically composed of minerals that are sensitive to acid. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Made of mostly of minerals, this translucent coating protects our teeth and gives them the strength to crush, chew and tear the many different foods we eat. (peaceworkmagazine.org)
  • Gingivitis is mainly caused by inadequate oral hygiene - not brushing your teeth enough or properly, and not flossing. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Baking soda offers a safe, effective and proven way to whiten and brighten your smile, by gently lifting and removing surface stains without harming your enamel. (armandhammer.com)
  • The teeth were caries free, without stains, fissures, filling or hypoplasia observed at inspection under standard conditions. (mdpi.com)
  • While many teas contain nutrients that your body wants, you'll want to be careful to brush your teeth often and thoroughly to avoid tea stains. (wikihow.com)
  • If there are any marks or stains the teeth are then polished. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Crest Pro-Health protects against and removes stains. (dentalcare.com)
  • It protects against stains by helping to prevent calcification into tartar, thereby reducing the surface area that can attract stains. (dentalcare.com)
  • This can cause white lines or dots, stains, or small dents on the teeth. (nih.gov)
  • Your teeth can become discolored by stains on the surface or by changes in the tooth material. (colgateprofessional.com)
  • If you need pointers on how to care for your teeth, just ask your dentist. (webmd.com)
  • Of course, this doesn't mean that you should cancel your regular dentist appointments and stop brushing your teeth. (americaninventorspot.com)
  • When you chip a tooth, you should consult a dentist right away. (wikihow.com)
  • Even if you do not feel pain, but suspect you have a chipped tooth, you should call a dentist as soon as it is feasible. (wikihow.com)
  • A broken tooth can be painful and ultimately needs to be treated by a dentist to avoid further damage or complications. (healthline.com)
  • Until you can see a dentist, there are ways to treat pain from a broken tooth at home. (healthline.com)
  • Advanced loss of tooth enamel may need to be addressed by a dentist through bonding, veneers, or crowns. (wikihow.com)
  • A dentist will create a custom-made shell, or veneer, to cover the front of your tooth. (wikihow.com)
  • Brush teeth thoroughly for at least 1 minute twice a day (morning and evening), and not more than 3 times a day, or as recommended by a dentist or doctor. (albertsons.com)
  • The dentist went to work examining children's teeth, taking water samples, and talking to local and state health officials in the effected areas in Colorado, Idaho, and Arkansas. (nih.gov)
  • Agoura Hills Dentist, Philip Shindler DDS, Introduces a List of 10 Things That Are Bad For Your Teeth but Might Su. (bio-medicine.org)
  • Agoura Hills dentist, Dr. Philip Shindler, explains 10 ways people may be damaging their teeth without even realizing. (bio-medicine.org)
  • You can also ask your pediatric dentist to help you select foods that protect your child's teeth. (deltadental.com)
  • Dental therapy that regenerates the tooth enamel rather than drilling the decayed part is the ultimate approach to therapy which every dentist in the world should seek. (news-medical.net)
  • The bacterium that causes tooth decay was identified in the early 1920s by military dentist Fernando Rodríguez Vargas (188-1932). (encyclopedia.com)
  • If your enamel begins to decay, your dentist may recommend a variety of procedures, depending on the degree of enamel loss. (humana.com)
  • It's important to go to the dentist as soon as possible when you experience tooth pain, as well as get regular checkups so that you can stop enamel problems before they get more serious. (humana.com)
  • Have regular visits with a dentist for teeth cleaning and oral examinations. (umm.edu)
  • just after 10 years dentist started noticing that in these cities tooth decay went down almost 54 percent. (smore.com)
  • In fact, tooth enamel is the hardest substance in the body - even harder than your bones. (armandhammer.com)
  • But although the hardest substance in the human body, enamel has a mortal enemy - acid. (oakcreekdental.com)
  • The enamel on your teeth is the hardest and most highly mineralized substance in your body. (colgate.com)
  • Enamel is an important substance that deserves to be taken care of and protected as part of good oral hygiene. (colgate.com)
  • Enamel is the hardest substance in your whole body, and it covers and protects your teeth . (kidshealth.org)
  • Underneath this is the dentine - a sensitive substance that makes up most of the tooth. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Dentine is a hard substance, though not quite as hard as enamel. (www.nhs.uk)
  • The spotted gar has hardly changed since the age of the dinosaurs, but its scales are covered in an enamel-like substance. (valuewalk.com)
  • Researchers were able to isolate genes related to enamel formation, proving that the substance is a kind of enamel. (valuewalk.com)
  • The outer covering of the tooth, and the strongest, hardest and most highly mineralized substance in your body. (dentalplans.com)
  • Cementum is a specialized bony substance covering the root of a tooth. (wikibooks.org)
  • Chitosan better protected HA, the team found, but Sotres cautions that because the HA is flat in these models, the study does more to illuminate the polyelectrolytes' protective mechanisms than to establish which substance offers the most protection on the more complex shapes of real teeth. (acs.org)
  • Enamel, the substance that covers the outside of our teeth, is the hardest material in our bodies. (peaceworkmagazine.org)
  • Tooth enamel is a hard substance found in the shell of each of your teeth and is the part of the tooth that's visible when you look in your mouth. (humana.com)
  • Enamel is considered the hardest substance in the human body. (humana.com)
  • If food gets stuck between your teeth or a food substance is particularly hard, the enamel can break. (humana.com)
  • Yet acids and tooth damage from wear and tear are the biggest culprits to wearing away your enamel (also called "enamel erosion"), along with sugars. (armandhammer.com)
  • Limiting the servings of sugars and starches will also aid in protecting your child's teeth from decay. (deltadental.com)
  • But if you're constantly slurping sodas, smacking on gum, or sucking on candies, you're coating your teeth with sticky sugars. (everydayhealth.com)
  • That interaction transforms the sugars into acids that can destroy your tooth enamel. (healthcentral.com)
  • Dentists normally treat established caries in a tooth by drilling to remove the decay and filling the tooth with a material such as amalgam or composite resin. (medicalxpress.com)
  • The most caries prone part of the tooth are fissures and contact sites between teeth. (kenyon.edu)
  • He started to notice something surprising: though the mottled teeth were stained, they were otherwise healthy and in fact less prone to dental caries than the teeth in "normal" children. (nih.gov)
  • This gives dentists a non-invasive way to regenerate caries lesions and similar dental defects - Guided Enamel Regeneration (GER). (biospace.com)
  • Dental caries causes the crystal forming the teeth to melt under the teeth surface before it actually creates holes on the teeth surface. (news-medical.net)
  • Indeed, in the US, 21% of children aged 6 to 11 years and 92% of adults aged 20 to 64 years have had dental caries in their permanent teeth 1 . (news-medical.net)
  • Addition of bioactive glass to composite dental filling material reduced the incidence of secondary tooth decay at restoration margins 7 , enhanced the mechanical properties of a filling 6 , and encouraged remineralization of dental caries 5 . (news-medical.net)
  • The protective layer of fluorapatite on teeth creates a barrier that dissuades the formation of dental caries. (news-medical.net)
  • You can brush remineralizing gel on your teeth if it comes in a pen or you can put it in teeth whitening trays and apply it to your teeth. (wikihow.com)
  • Make sure to brush all sensitive areas of the teeth. (albertsons.com)
  • There are many important reasons to brush the teeth every day. (faqs.org)
  • Make certain to brush the outer, inner, and chewing surfaces (or flat surfaces) of the teeth. (faqs.org)
  • Brushing too hard, too long or with a brush that is too hard can damage the enamel on teeth and irritate gum tissue. (bio-medicine.org)
  • 4) Brush up the crystallized synthetic enamel to make it shiny. (news-medical.net)
  • If you ve had orange juice or fruit for breakfast the acid from that fruit softens the enamel on your teeth and if you brush too soon you could abrade the enamel. (peaceworkmagazine.org)
  • The soft-bristle brush provides quick and easy, no-mess applications as the whitening gel clings to teeth for 360° effects. (sephora.com)
  • Smile and brush onto front of all teeth and wait 30 seconds before closing your mouth. (sephora.com)
  • All soda contains acid, which can erode enamel regardless of whether it is diet or regular. (bio-medicine.org)
  • Morning sickness, hangovers, acid reflux and other conditions that lead to frequent vomiting bathe teeth in stomach acid, which will ultimately erode them over time. (bio-medicine.org)
  • The bad guys are Streptococcus mutans, which feeds on sugar and starchy carbs and then produces acids that erode your tooth enamel. (dentalplans.com)
  • This acid can erode tooth enamel and damage our teeth. (smore.com)
  • Along with fighting tooth decay, our device can also be used to whiten teeth. (medicalxpress.com)
  • over time, some abrasives can scratch your enamel, making your teeth more vulnerable to acid erosion. (armandhammer.com)
  • Acid erosion effects: Acids in everyday food can soften and thin enamel, leaving teeth less white, weaker and sensitive. (dentalcare.com)
  • Enamel protection is important because acid erosion is hard to notice-- it happens over time. (dentalcare.com)
  • It is caused by acid erosion of tooth enamel. (colgateprofessional.com)
  • Enamel itself is made up almost entirely of calcium phosphate, and is one of the main tissues in the teeth of the majority of vertebrates. (valuewalk.com)
  • The soft tissues and connective fibres that cover and protect the underlying cementum, periodontal ligament and alveolar bone are known as the gingivae. (wikipedia.org)
  • The attached gingiva dissipates functional and masticatory stresses placed on the gingival tissues during common activities such as mastication, tooth brushing and speaking. (wikipedia.org)
  • helps repair and maintain vital lung tissues and protects them from pollution -lowers high blood pressure -lowers high cholesterol -addresses osteoporosis? (naturalnews.com)
  • Mucin also lubricates the tissues and teeth in the mouth and protects them against pathogens and toxins. (reference.com)
  • Once that happens, the tissues in your mouth can become irritated and inflamed, which can increase the risk of infection, tooth decay, and gum disease. (dumblittleman.com)
  • If there is swelling in your gum tissues or if there's too much pressure around your teeth, a minor surgery will be required. (dumblittleman.com)
  • Periodontal disease is a chronic inflammatory disease of the gum and tissues that surround and support the teeth. (umm.edu)
  • Periodontitis occurs when the gum tissues separate from the tooth and sulcus, forming periodontal pockets. (umm.edu)
  • Our teeth contain four kinds of tissues. (apsense.com)
  • It protects your teeth from decay, discoloration and harm . (livestrong.com)
  • Drugs that cause staining and discoloration of the enamel include antibiotics. (dumblittleman.com)
  • There are medical treatments and products that will help to keep your teeth white and get rid of all the existing spots and discoloration. (thefashionablehousewife.com)
  • Adult teeth can last a lifetime, withstanding enormous chewing pressures applied hundreds of times each day for decades. (lbl.gov)
  • Even though gum disease usually affects adults, good oral hygiene as a young adult will help prevent this disease and protect the teeth. (faqs.org)
  • These complete the adult set of 32 teeth. (kidshealth.org)
  • When they reach 5 or 6, these teeth will start to fall out, making way for adult teeth. (www.nhs.uk)
  • By the age of 12 to 14, most children have lost all their baby teeth and have their adult teeth. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Of more concern are the children who are grinding down their new adult teeth. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Enamel Hypoplasia can be found in adult and baby teeth. (selfgrowth.com)
  • Genetic Enamel Hypoplasia means that if the baby teeth have Enamel Hypoplasia the adult teeth will have it as well. (selfgrowth.com)
  • These start falling out around age six, and over the next ten or more years, baby teeth are replaced with adult teeth. (dentalplans.com)
  • This starts at around six months of age and can continue as the adult teeth start to come through. (hse.ie)
  • A normal adult mouth has 32 teeth. (thefashionablehousewife.com)
  • They complete the adult set of 32 teeth. (rchsd.org)
  • If you expose the teeth to acid without putting them in your mouth, within two minutes-120 seconds-significant demineralization takes place. (nutritionfacts.org)
  • In a healthy mouth, there is a balance between episodes of demineralization and remineralization with no resulting mineral loss from the teeth. (carifree.com)
  • Premolars - these teeth have two pointed cusps on their biting surface and are sometimes referred to as bicuspids. (colgate.com)
  • Next to your canine teeth are your premolars (say: PREE-mo-lurs), which are also called bicuspid teeth. (kidshealth.org)
  • canine/cuspid - A tooth with one cusp located between the lateral incisors and first premolars in each quadrant. (scribd.com)
  • Follow directions when using teeth-whitening products. (webmd.com)
  • Snow® Teeth Whitening Review: Brighter Smile In 9 Min A Day? (americaninventorspot.com)
  • FDA-approved portable tool for whitening teeth in just 9 minutes a day for fraction of the cost. (americaninventorspot.com)
  • As a countermeasure, many dentists offer teeth whitening, which is very effective, although not that beneficial to your dental health. (americaninventorspot.com)
  • Snow® is a teeth-whitening tool that is designed for portable use. (americaninventorspot.com)
  • It only costs a tiny fraction of what you'd pay for a teeth whitening treatment at the dentist's. (americaninventorspot.com)
  • In fact, many dentists actually use this product in order to cut their own costs for teeth whitening tools. (americaninventorspot.com)
  • With the product, you'll get a whitening serum, which is applied to your teeth via the Whitening Wand. (americaninventorspot.com)
  • At this point, the whitening serum should be applied to your teeth evenly. (americaninventorspot.com)
  • The old ways of teeth whitening essentially used a form of bleaching gel to white the teeth. (americaninventorspot.com)
  • This shouldn't really be a feature, but, unfortunately, in the teeth whitening world, pain is to be expected. (americaninventorspot.com)
  • You may feel a bit uncomfortable after the session, but this certainly beats having to go through a painful experience of an expensive teeth whitening treatment at your dentist's. (americaninventorspot.com)
  • While other teeth whitening products are very effective at making your teeth look white and gorgeous, these methods are notorious for damaging your tooth enamel, which permanently diminishes your dental health. (americaninventorspot.com)
  • Teeth Whitening a. (made-in-china.com)
  • Home whitening treatments can be harsh on teeth, especially if users do not follow instructions properly. (bio-medicine.org)
  • Among the available treatments are dental implant restorations, teeth whitening, CariFree, Kors Whitening, porcelain dental veneers and tooth-colored fillings. (bio-medicine.org)
  • When oil pulling was put to the test for teeth whitening, halitosis, and dental enamel erosion, the results were no better than rinsing with water-or worse. (nutritionfacts.org)
  • Numerous websites" offer testimonials of oil pulling whitening teeth, but there were no studies published in the medical literature. (nutritionfacts.org)
  • and in-office tooth whitening works. (nutritionfacts.org)
  • how to buy hylian shield Cleaning And Whitening Teeth Teeth Whitening Packages For Bridal Show Express Teeth Whitening Strips how.to.whiten.teeth.without.enamel Lemon Juice Tooth Whitener Does Baking Soda Really Whiten Your Teeth Apart utilizing this baking soda can be used for whitening your teeth. (peaceworkmagazine.org)
  • It is a unique product best for teeth whitening/polishing. (thefashionablehousewife.com)
  • A bleach-free, vegan teeth whitening pen to help reveal visibly whiter teeth while protecting tooth enamel. (sephora.com)
  • Strengthen your smile without the icky, bad stuff with this portable vegan teeth whitening pen. (sephora.com)
  • In order to look more closely at the teeth of Priosphenodon, the researchers cut open pieces of jaw and examined tissue-level detail preserved inside the teeth. (scitechdaily.com)
  • Enamel - this is the outer and hardest part of the tooth that has the most mineralized tissue in the body. (colgate.com)
  • In the body of humans and other vertebrates, enamel is the hardest tissue. (valuewalk.com)
  • Although this tissue on our teeth is used for biting or shearing, it was originally used as a protective tissue such as in living primitive fishes including gars and bichirs," added paleontologist Qingming Qu of Uppsala University and the University of Ottawa. (valuewalk.com)
  • In healthy periodontium, the gingival margin is the fibrous tissue that encompasses the cemento-enamel junction, a line around the circumference of the tooth where the enamel surface of the crown meets the outer cementum layer of the root. (wikipedia.org)
  • The other end of the ameloblasts originate in the internal tooth tissue (brown, across top). (sciencephoto.com)
  • Left to run amok it will destroy gum tissue and the alveolar bone that supports your teeth. (dentalplans.com)
  • is the living center of your teeth, filled with blood vessels, connective tissue and nerves. (dentalplans.com)
  • The periodontal membrane is the tissue between the tooth and the tooth socket. (wikibooks.org)
  • This dental erosion occurs mostly in adults when dental hard tissue is getting chemically affected due to acid on the surface of the teeth. (peaceworkmagazine.org)
  • The gingival tissue between teeth is shaped like a wedge. (umm.edu)
  • Periodontitis, which damages the bone and connective tissue that support the teeth, is a more serious form of gum disease. (umm.edu)
  • The hard tissue that can be found underneath the enamel. (thefashionablehousewife.com)
  • It is a set of tissue that connects the teeth firmly against the jaw. (thefashionablehousewife.com)
  • It is a calcified tissue of the body, looks similar to bone and found underneath the enamel. (apsense.com)
  • cementum - The tissue covering the root of a tooth. (scribd.com)
  • Its presence helps preserve tooth enamel. (webmd.com)
  • Luckily a smart company created a simple device called Snow® that helps you whiten your teeth, without emptying your pockets or compromising the health of your teeth. (americaninventorspot.com)
  • Eating more dark, leafy vegetables, proteins, and dairy can help you get the nutrients your body needs to be healthy, which helps to strengthen your teeth. (wikihow.com)
  • This helps them blend in with the teeth around them. (wikihow.com)
  • Helps whiten enamel. (albertsons.com)
  • Using gentle, short strokes when brushing helps ensure that teeth don't get damaged. (faqs.org)
  • Regularly brushing the teeth as well as the tongue often helps eliminate bad breath. (faqs.org)
  • In addition to promoting better overall health, eating real food nourishes and helps protect your skin from the inside out . (healthline.com)
  • This enamel also helps so that you can eat ice cream or hot stew without having to suffer from the pain. (selfgrowth.com)
  • It helps harden the enamel and protects against bacterial assaults. (bio-medicine.org)
  • Enamel helps protect your teeth from daily use such as chewing, biting, crunching, and grinding. (peaceworkmagazine.org)
  • The teeth are essential for chewing which helps aid in digestion. (thefashionablehousewife.com)
  • Thus, brushing helps to keep your enamel surface shiny free of debris. (thefashionablehousewife.com)
  • Helps to strengthen and to restore tooth enamel. (alternativestores.com)
  • SEM evaluation reveals demineralized enamel mineral gain after brushing with selected toothpastes. (mdpi.com)
  • These foods are good sources of phosphorus, an important mineral that may protect tooth enamel. (healthcentral.com)
  • The teeth as we age teeth began to lose mineral deposit and the enamel becomes translucent. (thefashionablehousewife.com)
  • This normal pH cycling in the mouth is considered healthy, where mineral is lost during periods of low pH and returns to the teeth during periods of higher pH. (carifree.com)
  • The researchers studied the fossil of a fish called Andreolepis, which lived 425 million years ago in Sweden, and found it had a thin layer of enamel on its scales. (valuewalk.com)
  • is a layer of living cells that lies underneath the enamel. (dentalplans.com)
  • Dentists could soon be giving your teeth a mild 'time warp' to encourage them to self-repair, thanks to a new device being developed by dental researchers. (medicalxpress.com)
  • Dentists are recording increasing cases of involuntary teeth-grinding, known as bruxism. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Dentists recommend avoiding sodas and other substances that damage tooth enamel. (livestrong.com)
  • When dentists talk about tooth decay, they're usually talking about erosion of this enamel. (humana.com)
  • Most dentists use artificial products to replace lost enamel. (humana.com)
  • Most dentists don't attempt to restore or regrow enamel, as these kinds of treatments are experimental and have not yet been proven to work. (humana.com)
  • The size of them will depend on how bad your or your child's Enamel Hypoplasia is. (selfgrowth.com)
  • Cementum (say: sih-MEN-tum) makes up the root of the tooth, which is anchored to the jawbone. (kidshealth.org)
  • Cementum covers the root of the tooth, and periodontal fibres connect the tooth to the jawbone. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Cementum, depending upon the location if it is found on the root surface called Radicular cementum and the Coronal cementum forms on the enamel covering the crown. (apsense.com)
  • People who are allergic to cow's milk need to find other sources of teeth-strengthening calcium and vitamin D. (deltadental.com)
  • Phosphorous, like calcium, is important to your teeth because it protects enamel. (deltadental.com)
  • Scouring teeth with a hard-bristled toothbrush can damage enamel. (webmd.com)
  • Dental problems can be prevented by regularly using a toothbrush and dental floss, the tools for good teeth. (faqs.org)
  • To make the most of brushing, a person should choose a soft-bristled toothbrush with a shape that suits one's mouth and allows one to reach all of the teeth easily. (faqs.org)
  • Priosphenodon enamel is not only thicker than that of most other reptiles, the enamel crystals are 'woven' into long threads that run through the whole width of the enamel. (scitechdaily.com)
  • In this cross-sectional map of the rod-shaped crystals that make up human tooth enamel, different colors indicate different crystal orientations. (lbl.gov)
  • Biting into something hard, loosened fillings, and sports accidents can also cause you to crack enamel or break a tooth. (healthline.com)
  • Very hard foods, like hard candy or ice cubes, can also damage your enamel by causing it to crack or chip, so these foods should also be avoided. (colgate.com)
  • The enamel that protects the outside of your teeth is hard but it can get worn. (faqs.org)
  • The crown of each tooth is covered with enamel (say: ih-NAM-ul), which is very hard and often shiny. (kidshealth.org)
  • Although it is not as tough as enamel, it is also very hard. (kidshealth.org)
  • This is covered in hard, shiny enamel. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Above the gum line, the tooth is protected by the hard enamel covering. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Enamel is a hard ceramic layer that covers and protects the teeth. (sciencephoto.com)
  • Unlike skins or bones, the tooth enamel, which forms the hard surface of a tooth, does not regenerate itself once damaged. (news-medical.net)
  • Now, they wanted to put the teeth under a microscope afterwards, and that's hard to do when they're still in people's heads. (nutritionfacts.org)
  • Although enamel is a hard protector of teeth, it can chip and crack. (peaceworkmagazine.org)
  • Your teeth are protected by a hard coating called enamel. (everydayhealth.com)
  • In most cases, your enamel is hard enough to prevent teeth from being damaged while you're eating. (humana.com)
  • Although enamel is a hard, protective surface, it can crack or chip fairly easily. (humana.com)
  • Hard foods can break teeth, especially if they're weakened by a filling or a crown. (healthcentral.com)
  • A tooth fracture is a break or crack in the hard shell of the tooth. (denverhealth.org)
  • Chewing on hard foods or accidentally biting down on a hard object can lead to a crack in the tooth. (denverhealth.org)
  • Keeping teeth white is not as hard as you think, or you do not have to leave a hole in your pocket. (thefashionablehousewife.com)
  • Enamel is the hard outer crystal-like layer. (colgateprofessional.com)
  • So, they put "slabs" of cattle teeth in their mouth, let them sit there until that protective layer developed, and then, oil pulled around the teeth-or not, in the control group, and then took them out, and exposed them to acid. (nutritionfacts.org)
  • A pH level lower than 5.5 puts a person at risk for tooth erosion, which is a process that wears away the enamel (or protective outside layer) of teeth. (eurekalert.org)
  • Aggressive teeth brushing and aging can result in a receding gum line or weaken the protective enamel coating - exposing nerve endings within the dentine. (news-medical.net)
  • Enamel - that tough, outermost tooth layer - protects your teeth from all sorts of hazards, from bacterial attack to temperature extremes. (oakcreekdental.com)
  • protects the tooth from bacterial infection. (kenyon.edu)
  • Suddenly something feels funny - one of your baby teeth has fallen out! (kidshealth.org)
  • These are called the primary teeth, baby teeth, or milk teeth and there are 20 in all. (kidshealth.org)
  • By about age 12 or 13, most kids have lost all of their baby teeth and have a full set of permanent teeth. (kidshealth.org)
  • There are 32 permanent teeth in all - 12 more than the original set of baby teeth. (kidshealth.org)
  • Most children have a full set of 20 milk or baby teeth by the time they're 3 years old. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Read more about baby teeth and how to tell if a baby is teething . (www.nhs.uk)
  • As baby teeth grow, the enamel is still weak, so, sometimes it tears and then it leaves the teeth or tooth vulnerable to get damaged at a very early age. (selfgrowth.com)
  • The official name for "baby teeth" is "deciduous teeth," because these first teeth fall out, just like leaves drop from deciduous trees in autumn. (dentalplans.com)
  • Children grow 20 baby teeth - 10 on top, 10 on the bottom. (dentalplans.com)
  • Baby teeth are assigned letters instead of numbers. (everydayhealth.com)
  • Do you still have some baby teeth? (rchsd.org)
  • Without proper treatment, periodontal disease can lead to tooth loss. (umm.edu)
  • The word "periodontal" means "around the tooth. (umm.edu)
  • If left untreated, periodontal disease can lead to tooth loss. (umm.edu)
  • And here's the tricky part: Even though enamel is stronger than bone, it's not able to repair and regrow itself like bone can. (armandhammer.com)
  • [3] Neil Shubin writes: "Cut the bone of the [ostracoderm] skull open…pop it under a microscope and…you find virtually the same structure as in our teeth. (wikipedia.org)
  • The outermost layer is called enamel and is harder than bone. (hse.ie)
  • Periodontitis can result in tooth loss and destruction of the bone surrounding the teeth. (everydayhealth.com)
  • The alveolar bone contains the teeth sockets and supports the teeth. (umm.edu)
  • The root extends below the gum line and supports the tooth into the bone. (apsense.com)
  • Salivary mucin also plays a role in the protection of tooth enamel. (reference.com)
  • The acquired enamel pellicle contains a high number of sulfate and carboxyl groups which gives it a net negative charge. (kenyon.edu)
  • 12,13,14 Studies demonstrate that nanoparticles in the 20 nm size (1/850th the width of a human hair) mimic the building blocks of natural enamel and are effective as an enamel repair material and anticaries agent. (carifree.com)
  • Although the body has mechanisms for natural enamel repair and protection, improving enamel health is a major objective of dentistry and public health concern. (cosmeticsandtoiletries.com)
  • As well as dietary erosion, academics at King's also found that many medical conditions can result in the erosion of tooth enamel, and these can have serious and even possibly fatal consequences if left undiagnosed or untreated. (kcl.ac.uk)
  • In this slide, teeth grinding has worn down the upper and lower front teeth. (webmd.com)
  • You can break your front teeth when inappropriately using them to cut or open something (Remember: Always use scissors and never your teeth to open packages. (healthline.com)
  • Incisors - the sharp, chisel-shaped front teeth (four upper, four lower) used for cutting food. (colgate.com)
  • Your two front teeth and the teeth on either side of them are incisors (say: in-SY-zurs). (kidshealth.org)
  • Incisors - these are your 4 front teeth on the top and bottom jaw. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Your two front teeth are Nos. (everydayhealth.com)
  • central incisor - Two front teeth on both upper and lower jaws. (scribd.com)
  • If you do not see any visible damage, check for a chip by running your tongue along the tooth. (wikihow.com)
  • If a broken tooth leaves a sharp edge it may also cut your tongue and cheek. (healthline.com)
  • If your tooth is broken and sharp against your tongue, you can find temporary tooth fillings at the pharmacy to soften the edge. (healthline.com)
  • Food enters the body through the mouth where it is manipulated by the tongue and chewed with the teeth . (wikibooks.org)
  • The tongue strikes the teeth or the roof of the mouth in order for the sound to be made. (thefashionablehousewife.com)
  • This makes acids that can destroy enamel. (webmd.com)
  • Knowing how to protect your enamel can prevent erosion - and keep your teeth healthy and strong. (armandhammer.com)
  • Taking good care of one's teeth is one of the smartest investments a person can make in their health, helping to ensure that the teeth will remain strong, healthy, and white for a lifetime. (faqs.org)
  • Even though brushing is vital to maintaining healthy teeth, it can be harmful if you are brushing improperly. (faqs.org)
  • The blood supply is what keeps the teeth alive and healthy. (www.nhs.uk)
  • If the baby is a healthy baby and he or she still has Enamel Hypoplasia, then it is commonly caused by trauma to the newly developing teeth or the mouth. (selfgrowth.com)
  • So even healthy snacks such as raisins or a slice of malt loaf, while nutritious, can be harmful to teeth. (babycentre.co.uk)
  • Natural healthy white teeth keeps you way ahead of the game! (thefashionablehousewife.com)
  • We must keep them clean and treated properly to ensure healthy white teeth. (thefashionablehousewife.com)
  • Healthy Teeth Tips: Teeth are essential to us for chewing food which is the first stage in the digestive process. (diethealthclub.com)
  • Furthermore, the maintenance of healthy enamel is critical for enhancing teeth strength and appearance. (cosmeticsandtoiletries.com)
  • These systems can provide a healthy environment for enamel and encourage remineralization, allowing for rapid repair of damaged enamel. (cosmeticsandtoiletries.com)