Catheters designed to be left within an organ or passage for an extended period of time.
Infections resulting from the use of catheters. Proper aseptic technique, site of catheter placement, material composition, and virulence of the organism are all factors that can influence possible infection.
Placement of an intravenous CATHETER in the subclavian, jugular, or other central vein.
The plan and delineation of prostheses in general or a specific prosthesis.
Infections with bacteria of the genus STAPHYLOCOCCUS.
Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.
Artificial substitutes for body parts, and materials inserted into tissue for functional, cosmetic, or therapeutic purposes. Prostheses can be functional, as in the case of artificial arms and legs, or cosmetic, as in the case of an artificial eye. Implants, all surgically inserted or grafted into the body, tend to be used therapeutically. IMPLANTS, EXPERIMENTAL is available for those used experimentally.
Prostheses used to partially or totally replace a human or animal joint. (from UMDNS, 1999)
Malfunction of implantation shunts, valves, etc., and prosthesis loosening, migration, and breaking.
Replacement for a knee joint.
Replacement for a hip joint.
Rigid, semi-rigid, or inflatable cylindric hydraulic devices, with either combined or separate reservoir and pumping systems, implanted for the surgical treatment of organic ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION.
A device that substitutes for a heart valve. It may be composed of biological material (BIOPROSTHESIS) and/or synthetic material.
Prosthetic replacements for arms, legs, and parts thereof.
Artificial device such as an externally-worn camera attached to a stimulator on the RETINA, OPTIC NERVE, or VISUAL CORTEX, intended to restore or amplify vision.
Surgical insertion of a prosthesis.
The fitting and adjusting of artificial parts of the body. (From Stedman's, 26th ed)
Medical devices which substitute for a nervous system function by electrically stimulating the nerves directly and monitoring the response to the electrical stimulation.
An implant used to replace one or more of the ear ossicles. They are usually made of plastic, Gelfoam, ceramic, or stainless steel.
An artificial replacement for one or more natural teeth or part of a tooth, or associated structures, ranging from a portion of a tooth to a complete denture. The dental prosthesis is used for cosmetic or functional reasons, or both. DENTURES and specific types of dentures are also available. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p244 & Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p643)
A prosthesis that gains its support, stability, and retention from a substructure that is implanted under the soft tissues of the basal seat of the device and is in contact with bone. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
Surgical insertion of synthetic material to repair injured or diseased heart valves.
Device constructed of either synthetic or biological material that is used for the repair of injured or diseased blood vessels.
A prosthetic appliance for the replacement of areas of the maxilla, mandible, and face, missing as a result of deformity, disease, injury, or surgery. When the prosthesis replaces portions of the mandible only, it is referred to as MANDIBULAR PROSTHESIS.
A device, activated electronically or by expired pulmonary air, which simulates laryngeal activity and enables a laryngectomized person to speak. Examples of the pneumatic mechanical device are the Tokyo and Van Hunen artificial larynges. Electronic devices include the Western Electric electrolarynx, Tait oral vibrator, Cooper-Rand electrolarynx and the Ticchioni pipe.
Partial or total replacement of a joint.
A ready-made or custom-made prosthesis of glass or plastic shaped and colored to resemble the anterior portion of a normal eye and used for cosmetic reasons. It is attached to the anterior portion of an orbital implant (ORBITAL IMPLANTS) which is placed in the socket of an enucleated or eviscerated eye. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Surgical insertion of cylindric hydraulic devices for the treatment of organic ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION.
Infections resulting from the implantation of prosthetic devices. The infections may be acquired from intraoperative contamination (early) or hematogenously acquired from other sites (late).
Coloring, shading, or tinting of prosthetic components, devices, and materials.
A repeat operation for the same condition in the same patient due to disease progression or recurrence, or as followup to failed previous surgery.
The plan and delineation of dental prostheses in general or a specific dental prosthesis. It does not include DENTURE DESIGN. The framework usually consists of metal.
Prosthesis, usually heart valve, composed of biological material and whose durability depends upon the stability of the material after pretreatment, rather than regeneration by host cell ingrowth. Durability is achieved 1, mechanically by the interposition of a cloth, usually polytetrafluoroethylene, between the host and the graft, and 2, chemically by stabilization of the tissue by intermolecular linking, usually with glutaraldehyde, after removal of antigenic components, or the use of reconstituted and restructured biopolymers.
Adhesives used to fix prosthetic devices to bones and to cement bone to bone in difficult fractures. Synthetic resins are commonly used as cements. A mixture of monocalcium phosphate, monohydrate, alpha-tricalcium phosphate, and calcium carbonate with a sodium phosphate solution is also a useful bone paste.
Polymers of silicone that are formed by crosslinking and treatment with amorphous silica to increase strength. They have properties similar to vulcanized natural rubber, in that they stretch under tension, retract rapidly, and fully recover to their original dimensions upon release. They are used in the encapsulation of surgical membranes and implants.
Replacement of the hip joint.
Holding a PROSTHESIS in place.
Holding a DENTAL PROSTHESIS in place by its design, or by the use of additional devices or adhesives.
The valve between the left ventricle and the ascending aorta which prevents backflow into the left ventricle.
Replacement of the knee joint.
Polyester polymers formed from terephthalic acid or its esters and ethylene glycol. They can be formed into tapes, films or pulled into fibers that are pressed into meshes or woven into fabrics.
The joining of objects by means of a cement (e.g., in fracture fixation, such as in hip arthroplasty for joining of the acetabular component to the femoral component). In dentistry, it is used for the process of attaching parts of a tooth or restorative material to a natural tooth or for the attaching of orthodontic bands to teeth by means of an adhesive.
The part of a limb or tail following amputation that is proximal to the amputated section.
A partial denture attached to prepared natural teeth, roots, or implants by cementation.
Surgical insertion of an appliance for the replacement of areas of the maxilla, mandible, and face. When only portions of the mandible are replaced, it is referred to as MANDIBULAR PROSTHESIS IMPLANTATION.
The distance and direction to which a bone joint can be extended. Range of motion is a function of the condition of the joints, muscles, and connective tissues involved. Joint flexibility can be improved through appropriate MUSCLE STRETCHING EXERCISES.
Appliances that close a cleft or fissure of the palate.
Specific alloys not less than 85% chromium and nickel or cobalt, with traces of either nickel or cobalt, molybdenum, and other substances. They are used in partial dentures, orthopedic implants, etc.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
The joint that is formed by the articulation of the head of FEMUR and the ACETABULUM of the PELVIS.
The removal of a limb or other appendage or outgrowth of the body. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.
The growth action of bone tissue as it assimilates surgically implanted devices or prostheses to be used as either replacement parts (e.g., hip) or as anchors (e.g., endosseous dental implants).
Synthetic thermoplastics that are tough, flexible, inert, and resistant to chemicals and electrical current. They are often used as biocompatible materials for prostheses and implants.
Surgical reconstruction of a joint to relieve pain or restore motion.
Surgery performed in which part of the STAPES, a bone in the middle ear, is removed and a prosthesis is placed to help transmit sound between the middle ear and inner ear.
A pathological constriction that can occur above (supravalvular stenosis), below (subvalvular stenosis), or at the AORTIC VALVE. It is characterized by restricted outflow from the LEFT VENTRICLE into the AORTA.
The valve between the left atrium and left ventricle of the heart.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Removal of an implanted therapeutic or prosthetic device.
The retention of a denture in place by design, device, or adhesion.
Surgical insertion of BLOOD VESSEL PROSTHESES to repair injured or diseased blood vessels.
The replacement of intervertebral discs in the spinal column with artificial devices. The procedure is done in the lumbar or cervical spine to relieve severe pain resulting from INTERVERTEBRAL DISC DEGENERATION.
The longest and largest bone of the skeleton, it is situated between the hip and the knee.
Procedures used to reconstruct, restore, or improve defective, damaged, or missing structures.
Natural teeth or teeth roots used as anchorage for a fixed or removable denture or other prosthesis (such as an implant) serving the same purpose.
Removable prosthesis constructed over natural teeth or implanted studs.
A mixture of metallic elements or compounds with other metallic or metalloid elements in varying proportions.
A synovial hinge connection formed between the bones of the FEMUR; TIBIA; and PATELLA.
The plan, delineation, and location of actual structural elements of dentures. The design can relate to retainers, stress-breakers, occlusal rests, flanges, framework, lingual or palatal bars, reciprocal arms, etc.
A vinyl polymer made from ethylene. It can be branched or linear. Branched or low-density polyethylene is tough and pliable but not to the same degree as linear polyethylene. Linear or high-density polyethylene has a greater hardness and tensile strength. Polyethylene is used in a variety of products, including implants and prostheses.
A partial denture designed and constructed to be removed readily from the mouth.
The evaluation of incidents involving the loss of function of a device. These evaluations are used for a variety of purposes such as to determine the failure rates, the causes of failures, costs of failures, and the reliability and maintainability of devices.
A prosthetic appliance for the replacement of areas of the mandible missing or defective as a result of deformity, disease, injury, or surgery.
Rounded objects made of coral, teflon, or alloplastic polymer and covered with sclera, and which are implanted in the orbit following enucleation. An artificial eye (EYE, ARTIFICIAL) is usually attached to the anterior of the orbital implant for cosmetic purposes.
A dark-gray, metallic element of widespread distribution but occurring in small amounts; atomic number, 22; atomic weight, 47.90; symbol, Ti; specific gravity, 4.5; used for fixation of fractures. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Absence of teeth from a portion of the mandible and/or maxilla.
The mineral component of bones and teeth; it has been used therapeutically as a prosthetic aid and in the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis.
Biocompatible materials usually used in dental and bone implants that enhance biologic fixation, thereby increasing the bond strength between the coated material and bone, and minimize possible biological effects that may result from the implant itself.
The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.
Total or partial excision of the larynx.
The articulation between the head of the HUMERUS and the glenoid cavity of the SCAPULA.
Types of prosthetic joints in which both wear surfaces of the joint coupling are metallic.
Homopolymer of tetrafluoroethylene. Nonflammable, tough, inert plastic tubing or sheeting; used to line vessels, insulate, protect or lubricate apparatus; also as filter, coating for surgical implants or as prosthetic material. Synonyms: Fluoroflex; Fluoroplast; Ftoroplast; Halon; Polyfene; PTFE; Tetron.
Surgically placed electric conductors through which ELECTRIC STIMULATION is delivered to or electrical activity is recorded from a specific point inside the body.
Pathological condition characterized by the backflow of blood from the ASCENDING AORTA back into the LEFT VENTRICLE, leading to regurgitation. It is caused by diseases of the AORTIC VALVE or its surrounding tissue (aortic root).
The part of the pelvis that comprises the pelvic socket where the head of FEMUR joins to form HIP JOINT (acetabulofemoral joint).
A method of speech used after laryngectomy, with sound produced by vibration of the column of air in the esophagus against the contracting cricopharyngeal sphincter. (Dorland, 27th ed)
The total absence of teeth from either the mandible or the maxilla, but not both. Total absence of teeth from both is MOUTH, EDENTULOUS. Partial absence of teeth in either is JAW, EDENTULOUS, PARTIALLY.
Pathological conditions involving any of the various HEART VALVES and the associated structures (PAPILLARY MUSCLES and CHORDAE TENDINEAE).
Loss of a limb or other bodily appendage by accidental injury.
Biocompatible materials placed into (endosseous) or onto (subperiosteal) the jawbone to support a crown, bridge, or artificial tooth, or to stabilize a diseased tooth.
The second longest bone of the skeleton. It is located on the medial side of the lower leg, articulating with the FIBULA laterally, the TALUS distally, and the FEMUR proximally.
Any woven or knit material of open texture used in surgery for the repair, reconstruction, or substitution of tissue. The mesh is usually a synthetic fabric made of various polymers. It is occasionally made of metal.
A hinge joint connecting the FOREARM to the ARM.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
The portion of the upper rounded extremity fitting into the glenoid cavity of the SCAPULA. (from Stedman, 27th ed)
The testing of materials and devices, especially those used for PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; SUTURES; TISSUE ADHESIVES; etc., for hardness, strength, durability, safety, efficacy, and biocompatibility.
A progressive, degenerative joint disease, the most common form of arthritis, especially in older persons. The disease is thought to result not from the aging process but from biochemical changes and biomechanical stresses affecting articular cartilage. In the foreign literature it is often called osteoarthrosis deformans.
Amputation or separation at a joint. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Insertion of an implant into the bone of the mandible or maxilla. The implant has an exposed head which protrudes through the mucosa and is a prosthodontic abutment.
Synthetic or natural materials, other than DRUGS, that are used to replace or repair any body TISSUES or bodily function.
Noninflammatory degenerative disease of the hip joint which usually appears in late middle or old age. It is characterized by growth or maturational disturbances in the femoral neck and head, as well as acetabular dysplasia. A dominant symptom is pain on weight-bearing or motion.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
A complete denture replacing all the natural mandibular teeth and associated structures. It is completely supported by the oral tissue and underlying mandibular bone.
A complete denture replacing all the natural maxillary teeth and associated maxillary structures. It is completely supported by the oral tissue and underlying maxillary bone.
The process of reuniting or replacing broken or worn parts of a denture.
The removal of foreign material and devitalized or contaminated tissue from or adjacent to a traumatic or infected lesion until surrounding healthy tissue is exposed. (Dorland, 27th ed)
The branch of philosophy dealing with the nature of the beautiful. It includes beauty, esthetic experience, esthetic judgment, esthetic aspects of medicine, etc.
Bone in humans and primates extending from the SHOULDER JOINT to the ELBOW JOINT.
A denture replacing all natural teeth and associated structures in both the maxilla and mandible.
Surgical insertion of an implant to replace one or more of the ear ossicles.
A fabricated tooth substituting for a natural tooth in a prosthesis. It is usually made of porcelain or plastic.
Dissolution of bone that particularly involves the removal or loss of calcium.
That component of SPEECH which gives the primary distinction to a given speaker's VOICE when pitch and loudness are excluded. It involves both phonatory and resonatory characteristics. Some of the descriptions of voice quality are harshness, breathiness and nasality.
Propylene or propene polymers. Thermoplastics that can be extruded into fibers, films or solid forms. They are used as a copolymer in plastics, especially polyethylene. The fibers are used for fabrics, filters and surgical sutures.
A technique to self-regulate brain activities provided as a feedback in order to better control or enhance one's own performance, control or function. This is done by trying to bring brain activities into a range associated with a desired brain function or status.
The methyl esters of methacrylic acid that polymerize easily and are used as tissue cements, dental materials, and absorbent for biological substances.
A subjective visual sensation with the eyes closed and in the absence of light. Phosphenes can be spontaneous, or induced by chemical, electrical, or mechanical (pressure) stimuli which cause the visual field to light up without optical inputs.
Procedure of producing an imprint or negative likeness of the teeth and/or edentulous areas. Impressions are made in plastic material which becomes hardened or set while in contact with the tissue. They are later filled with plaster of Paris or artificial stone to produce a facsimile of the oral structures present. Impressions may be made of a full complement of teeth, of areas where some teeth have been removed, or in a mouth from which all teeth have been extracted. (Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982)
The use of computers for designing and/or manufacturing of anything, including drugs, surgical procedures, orthotics, and prosthetics.
The flat, triangular bone situated at the anterior part of the KNEE.
Formation of spongy bone in the labyrinth capsule which can progress toward the STAPES (stapedial fixation) or anteriorly toward the COCHLEA leading to conductive, sensorineural, or mixed HEARING LOSS. Several genes are associated with familial otosclerosis with varied clinical signs.
Fractures of the short, constricted portion of the thigh bone between the femur head and the trochanters. It excludes intertrochanteric fractures which are HIP FRACTURES.
Any of the 23 plates of fibrocartilage found between the bodies of adjacent VERTEBRAE.
Fixation and immobility of a joint.
Zirconium. A rather rare metallic element, atomic number 40, atomic weight 91.22, symbol Zr. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
A prosthetic restoration that reproduces the entire surface anatomy of the visible natural crown of a tooth. It may be partial (covering three or more surfaces of a tooth) or complete (covering all surfaces). It is made of gold or other metal, porcelain, or resin.
Methods of enabling a patient without a larynx or with a non-functional larynx to produce voice or speech. The methods may be pneumatic or electronic.
Inability or inadequacy of a dental restoration or prosthesis to perform as expected.
The grafting of bone from a donor site to a recipient site.
Motion picture study of successive images appearing on a fluoroscopic screen.
A partial or complete return to the normal or proper physiologic activity of an organ or part following disease or trauma.
Polymers of organic acids and alcohols, with ester linkages--usually polyethylene terephthalate; can be cured into hard plastic, films or tapes, or fibers which can be woven into fabrics, meshes or velours.
The use of a layer of tooth-colored material, usually porcelain or acrylic resin, applied to the surface of natural teeth, crowns, or pontics by fusion, cementation, or mechanical retention.
The external reproductive organ of males. It is composed of a mass of erectile tissue enclosed in three cylindrical fibrous compartments. Two of the three compartments, the corpus cavernosa, are placed side-by-side along the upper part of the organ. The third compartment below, the corpus spongiosum, houses the urethra.
Fractures of the proximal humerus, including the head, anatomic and surgical necks, and tuberosities.
Wooden or metal staffs designed to aid a person in walking. (UMDNS,1999)
Inflammation of the mouth due to denture irritation.
Obstruction of a blood vessel (embolism) by a blood clot (THROMBUS) in the blood stream.
Chronic inflammation and granuloma formation around irritating foreign bodies.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Lack of stability of a joint or joint prosthesis. Factors involved are intra-articular disease and integrity of extra-articular structures such as joint capsule, ligaments, and muscles.
A dead body, usually a human body.
Inorganic compounds that contain silver as an integral part of the molecule.
Procedures in which placement of CARDIAC CATHETERS is performed for therapeutic or diagnostic procedures.
The gradual destruction of a metal or alloy due to oxidation or action of a chemical agent. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The surgical removal of the inner contents of the eye, leaving the sclera intact. It should be differentiated from ORBIT EVISCERATION which removes the entire contents of the orbit, including eyeball, blood vessels, muscles, fat, nerve supply, and periosteum.
Products made by baking or firing nonmetallic minerals (clay and similar materials). In making dental restorations or parts of restorations the material is fused porcelain. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed & Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
A broad family of synthetic organosiloxane polymers containing a repeating silicon-oxygen backbone with organic side groups attached via carbon-silicon bonds. Depending on their structure, they are classified as liquids, gels, and elastomers. (From Merck Index, 12th ed)
The selected form given to a natural tooth when it is reduced by instrumentation to receive a prosthesis (e.g., artificial crown or a retainer for a fixed or removable prosthesis). The selection of the form is guided by clinical circumstances and physical properties of the materials that make up the prosthesis. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p239)
The hemispheric articular surface at the upper extremity of the thigh bone. (Stedman, 26th ed)
Fractures around joint replacement prosthetics or implants. They can occur intraoperatively or postoperatively.
Implants used to reconstruct and/or cosmetically enhance the female breast. They have an outer shell or envelope of silicone elastomer and are filled with either saline or silicone gel. The outer shell may be either smooth or textured.
Migration of a foreign body from its original location to some other location in the body.
A precision device used for attaching a fixed or removable partial denture to the crown of an abutment tooth or a restoration. One type is the intracoronal attachment and the other type is the extracoronal attachment. It consists of a female portion within the coronal portion of the crown of an abutment and a fitted male portion attached to the denture proper. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p85; from Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p264)
The joint that is formed by the inferior articular and malleolar articular surfaces of the TIBIA; the malleolar articular surface of the FIBULA; and the medial malleolar, lateral malleolar, and superior surfaces of the TALUS.
Displacement of the femur bone from its normal position at the HIP JOINT.
The inability in the male to have a PENILE ERECTION due to psychological or organ dysfunction.
A type of porcelain used in dental restorations, either jacket crowns or inlays, artificial teeth, or metal-ceramic crowns. It is essentially a mixture of particles of feldspar and quartz, the feldspar melting first and providing a glass matrix for the quartz. Dental porcelain is produced by mixing ceramic powder (a mixture of quartz, kaolin, pigments, opacifiers, a suitable flux, and other substances) with distilled water. (From Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
The physical state of supporting an applied load. This often refers to the weight-bearing bones or joints that support the body's weight, especially those in the spine, hip, knee, and foot.
Fractures of the femur.
Tongues of skin and subcutaneous tissue, sometimes including muscle, cut away from the underlying parts but often still attached at one end. They retain their own microvasculature which is also transferred to the new site. They are often used in plastic surgery for filling a defect in a neighboring region.
The inferior part of the lower extremity between the KNEE and the ANKLE.
A partial denture intended for short-term use in a temporary or emergency situation.
The surgical removal of the eyeball leaving the eye muscles and remaining orbital contents intact.
A condition characterized by hardening of the PENIS due to the formation of fibrous plaques on the dorsolateral aspect of the PENIS, usually involving the membrane (tunica albuginea) surrounding the erectile tissue (corpus cavernosum penis). This may eventually cause a painful deformity of the shaft or constriction of the urethra, or both.
Two extensive fibrous bands running the length of the vertebral column. The anterior longitudinal ligament (ligamentum longitudinale anterius; lacertus medius) interconnects the anterior surfaces of the vertebral bodies; the posterior longitudinal ligament (ligamentum longitudinale posterius) interconnects the posterior surfaces. The commonest clinical consideration is OSSIFICATION OF POSTERIOR LONGITUDINAL LIGAMENT. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
Characteristics or attributes of the outer boundaries of objects, including molecules.
Noninflammatory degenerative disease of the knee joint consisting of three large categories: conditions that block normal synchronous movement, conditions that produce abnormal pathways of motion, and conditions that cause stress concentration resulting in changes to articular cartilage. (Crenshaw, Campbell's Operative Orthopaedics, 8th ed, p2019)
An oxide of aluminum, occurring in nature as various minerals such as bauxite, corundum, etc. It is used as an adsorbent, desiccating agent, and catalyst, and in the manufacture of dental cements and refractories.
Ultrasonic recording of the size, motion, and composition of the heart and surrounding tissues using a transducer placed in the esophagus.
Nonexpendable items used in the performance of orthopedic surgery and related therapy. They are differentiated from ORTHOTIC DEVICES, apparatus used to prevent or correct deformities in patients.
Methods of creating machines and devices.
The research and development of ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT AND SUPPLIES for such medical applications as diagnosis, therapy, research, anesthesia control, cardiac control, and surgery. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The aorta from the DIAPHRAGM to the bifurcation into the right and left common iliac arteries.
Surgical reconstruction of the hearing mechanism of the middle ear, with restoration of the drum membrane to protect the round window from sound pressure, and establishment of ossicular continuity between the tympanic membrane and the oval window. (Dorland, 28th ed.)
Manner or style of walking.
A purely physical condition which exists within any material because of strain or deformation by external forces or by non-uniform thermal expansion; expressed quantitatively in units of force per unit area.
Electrodes with an extremely small tip, used in a voltage clamp or other apparatus to stimulate or record bioelectric potentials of single cells intracellularly or extracellularly. (Dorland, 28th ed)
The superior part of the upper extremity between the SHOULDER and the ELBOW.
Electronic devices that increase the magnitude of a signal's power level or current.
Pathological processes of the VESTIBULAR LABYRINTH which contains part of the balancing apparatus. Patients with vestibular diseases show instability and are at risk of frequent falls.
Devices, usually alloplastic, surgically inserted into or onto the jawbone, which support a single prosthetic tooth and serve either as abutments or as cosmetic replacements for missing teeth.
The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.
The methyl ester of methacrylic acid. It polymerizes easily to form POLYMETHYL METHACRYLATE. It is used as a bone cement.
The inability to see or the loss or absence of perception of visual stimuli. This condition may be the result of EYE DISEASES; OPTIC NERVE DISEASES; OPTIC CHIASM diseases; or BRAIN DISEASES affecting the VISUAL PATHWAYS or OCCIPITAL LOBE.
Infection occurring at the site of a surgical incision.

Infections associated with dental procedures in total hip arthroplasty. (1/1281)

Dental procedures may lead to a transient bacteraemia lasting for up to 30 minutes. Of the numerous cases of total hip arthroplasty (THA) reported which have been infected from haematogenous sources, dental procedures have been involved only infrequently. We reviewed the records of 2973 patients after THA. Of the late infections identified in 52 patients, three (6%) were strongly associated with a dental procedure. Infection was diagnosed by culture from the affected joint; Streptococcus viridans was identified in two cases and Peptostreptococcus in one. One patient had diabetes mellitus and another rheumatoid arthritis, both conditions predisposing to infection. The dental operations all lasted for more than 45 minutes and no patient received perioperative antibiotics. Infection of a THA after dental procedures is more common than has been previously suspected. Patients with systemic disease, or who are undergoing extensive procedures, should be considered for prophylactic antibiotic treatment.  (+info)

Superficial femoral eversion endarterectomy combined with a vein segment as a composite artery-vein bypass graft for infrainguinal arterial reconstruction. (2/1281)

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the results of composite artery-vein bypass grafting for infrainguinal arterial reconstruction. METHODS: This study was designed as a retrospective case series in two tertiary referral centers. Forty-eight of 51 patients underwent the procedure of interest for the treatment of ischemic skin lesions (n = 42), rest pain (n = 3), disabling claudication (n = 1), and infected prosthesis (n = 2). The intervention used was infrainguinal composite artery-vein bypass grafting to popliteal (n = 18) and infrapopliteal (n = 30) arteries, with an occluded segment of the superficial femoral artery prepared with eversion endarterectomy and an autogenous vein conduit harvested from greater saphenous veins (n = 43), arm veins (n = 3), and lesser saphenous veins (n = 2). The main outcome measures, primary graft patency rates, foot salvage rates, and patient survival rates, were described by means of the life-table method for a mean follow-up time of 15.5 months. RESULTS: The cumulative loss during the follow-up period was 6% and 24% at 6 and 12 months, respectively. The primary graft patency rates, the foot salvage rates, and the patient survival rates for patients with popliteal grafts were 60.0% +/- 9.07%, 75.7% +/- 9.18%, and 93.5% +/- 6.03%, respectively, at 1 month; 53.7% +/- 11.85%, 68.9% +/- 12.47%, and 85. 0% +/- 9.92% at 1 year; and 46.7% +/- 18.19%, 68.9% +/- 20.54%, and 53.1% +/- 17.15% at 5 years. For infrapopliteal grafts, the corresponding estimates were 72.4% +/- 7.06%, 72.9% +/- 6.99%, and 92.7% +/- 4.79% at 1 month; 55.6% +/- 10.70%, 55.4% +/- 10.07%, and 77.9% +/- 9.02% at 1 year; and 33.6% +/- 22.36%, 55.4% +/- 30.20%, and 20.8% +/- 9.89% at 5 years. CONCLUSION: The composite artery-vein bypass graft is a useful autogenous alternative for infrainguinal arterial reconstruction when a vein of the required quality is not available or when the procedure needs to be confined to the affected limb.  (+info)

Infrarenal endoluminal bifurcated stent graft infected with Listeria monocytogenes. (3/1281)

Prosthetic graft infection as a result of Listeria monocytogenes is an extremely rare event that recently occurred in a 77-year-old man who underwent endoluminal stent grafting for infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm. The infected aortic endoluminal prosthesis was removed by means of en bloc resection of the aneurysm and contained endograft with in situ aortoiliac reconstruction. At the 10-month follow-up examination, the patient was well and had no signs of infection.  (+info)

Infected total hip arthroplasty--the value of intraoperative histology. (4/1281)

Intraoperative histology showed a sensitivity of 100% and a specificity of 98%. These results were better than those observed for the other tests evaluated. Our data provide evidence that intraoperative histology is useful tool in the diagnosis of infected total hip arthroplasty.  (+info)

Three ventriculoplasty techniques applied to three left-ventricular pseudoaneurysms in the same patient. (5/1281)

A 59-year-old male patient underwent surgery for triple-vessel coronary artery disease and left-ventricular aneurysm in 1994. Four months after coronary artery bypass grafting and classical left-ventricular aneurysmectomy (with Teflon felt strips), a left-ventricular pseudoaneurysm developed due to infection, and this was treated surgically with an autologous glutaraldehyde-treated pericardium patch over which an omental pedicle graft was placed. Two months later, under emergent conditions, re-repair was performed with a diaphragmatic pericardial pedicle graft due to pseudoaneurysm reformation and rupture. A 3rd repair was required in a 3rd episode 8 months later. Sternocostal resection enabled implantation of the left pectoralis major muscle into the ventricular defect. Six months after the last surgical intervention, the patient died of cerebral malignancy. Pseudoaneurysm reformation, however, had not been observed. To our knowledge, our case is the 1st reported in the literature in which there have been 3 or more different operative techniques applied to 3 or more distinct episodes of pseudoaneurysm formation secondary to post-aneurysmectomy infection. We propose that pectoral muscle flaps be strongly considered as a material for re-repair of left-ventricular aneurysms.  (+info)

Ultrasonic enhancement of antibiotic action on Escherichia coli biofilms: an in vivo model. (6/1281)

Biofilm infections are a common complication of prosthetic devices in humans. Previous in vitro research has determined that low-frequency ultrasound combined with aminoglycoside antibiotics is an effective method of killing biofilms. We report the development of an in vivo model to determine if ultrasound enhances antibiotic action. Two 24-h-old Escherichia coli (ATCC 10798) biofilms grown on polyethylene disks were implanted subcutaneously on the backs of New Zealand White female rabbits, one on each side of the spine. Low-frequency (28.48-kHz) and low-power-density (100- and 300-mW/cm2) continuous ultrasound treatment was applied for 24 h with and without systemic administration of gentamicin. The disks were then removed, and the number of viable bacteria on each disk was determined. At the low ultrasonic power used in this study, exposure to ultrasound only (no gentamicin) caused no significant difference in bacterial viability. In the presence of antibiotic, there was a significant reduction due to 300-mW/cm2 ultrasound (P = 0.0485) but no significant reduction due to 100-mW/cm2 ultrasound. Tissue damage to the skin was noted at the 300-mW/cm2 treatment level. Further development of this technique has promise in treatment of clinical implant infections.  (+info)

Pacemaker lead extraction with the laser sheath: results of the pacing lead extraction with the excimer sheath (PLEXES) trial. (7/1281)

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of pacemaker lead extraction with the excimer sheath in comparison to nonlaser lead extraction. BACKGROUND: Fibrotic attachments that develop between chronically implanted pacemaker leads and to the venous, valvular and cardiac structures are the major obstacles to safe and consistent lead extraction. Locking stylets and telescoping sheaths produce a technically demanding but effective technique of mechanically disrupting the fibrosis. However, ultraviolet excimer laser light dissolves instead of tearing the tissue attachments. METHODS: A randomized trial of lead extraction was conducted in 301 patients with 465 chronically implanted pacemaker leads. The laser group patients had the leads removed with identical tools as the nonlaser group with the exception that the inner telescoping sheath was replaced with the 12-F excimer laser sheath. Success for both groups was defined as complete lead removal with the randomized therapy without complications. RESULTS: Complete lead removal rate was 94% in the laser group and 64% in the nonlaser group (p = 0.001). Failed nonlaser extraction was completed with the laser tools 88% of the time. The mean time to achieve a successful lead extraction was significantly reduced for patients randomized to the laser tools, 10.1 +/- 11.5 min compared with 12.9 +/- 19.2 min for patients randomized to nonlaser techniques (p < 0.04). Potentially life-threatening complications occurred in none of the nonlaser and three of the laser patients, including one death (p = NS). CONCLUSIONS: Laser-assisted pacemaker lead extraction has significant clinical advantages over extraction without laser tools and is associated with significant risks.  (+info)

Emergence of related nontoxigenic Corynebacterium diphtheriae biotype mitis strains in Western Europe. (8/1281)

We report on 17 isolates of Corynebacterium diphtheriae biotype mitis with related ribotypes from Switzerland, Germany, and France. Isolates came from skin and subcutaneous infections of injecting drug users, homeless persons, prisoners, and elderly orthopedic patients with joint prostheses or primary joint infections. Such isolates had only been observed in Switzerland.  (+info)

Background: Candida prosthetic joint infections are rare and its clinical characteristics and prognosis are still unclear. We retrospectively analyzed the clinical characteristics and prognosis of candida prosthetic joint infections.. Methods: 17 patients treated with candida prosthetic joint infections in 2 tertiary hospitals in South Korea between 2006 and 2013 were evaluated. 43 Patients with S.aureus prosthetic joint infections and 29 patients with S.epidermidis from the same hospitals were also evaluated. This was a retrospective cohort study, with a follow-up of at least 1year and 6months or until the patient died. Results: Candida and S.epidermidis prosthetic joint infections showed lower level of serum C-reactive protein(CRP)(mg/dL) compared to S.aureus prosthetic joint infections significantly.(median 3.0 vs 3.0 vs 6.0, p=0.029) White blood cell(WBC)(mm3)count from joint fluid of candida prosthetic joint infections was also lower than S.aureus prosthetic joint infections.(median 4045 vs ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Update on cardiovascular implantable electronic device infections and their management. T2 - A scientific statement from the american heart association. AU - Baddour, Larry M.. AU - Epstein, Andrew E.. AU - Erickson, Christopher C.. AU - Knight, Bradley P.. AU - Levison, Matthew E.. AU - Lockhart, Peter B.. AU - Masoudi, Frederick A.. AU - Okum, Eric J.. AU - Wilson, Walter R.. AU - Beerman, Lee B.. AU - Bolger, Ann F.. AU - Estes, N. A Mark. AU - Gewitz, Michael. AU - Newburger, Jane W.. AU - Schron, Eleanor B.. AU - Taubert, Kathryn A.. PY - 2010/1/26. Y1 - 2010/1/26. N2 - Despite improvements in cardiovascular implantable electronic device (CIED) design, application of timely infection control practices, and administration of antibiotic prophylaxis at the time of device placement, CIED infections continue to occur and can be life-threatening. This has prompted the study of all aspects of CIED infections. Recognizing the recent advances in our understanding of the epidemiology, ...
Prosthesis-related infection is a serious complication for patients after orthopedic joint replacement, which is currently difficult to treat with antibiotic therapy. Consequently, in most cases, removal of the infected prosthesis is the only solution to cure the infection. It is, therefore, important to understand the comprehensive interaction between the microbiological situation and the host immune responses that lead to prosthesis infections. Evidence indicates that prosthesis infections are actually biofilm-correlated infections that are highly resistant to antibiotic treatment and the host immune responses. The authors reviewed the related literature in the context of their clinical experience, and discussed the possible etiology and mechanism leading to the infections, especially problems related to bacterial biofilm, and prophylaxis and treatment of infection, including both microbiological and surgical measures. Recent progress in research into bacterial biofilm and possible future ...
Table 1: Prosthetic Joint Infection due to |i|Mycobacterium bovis|/i| after Intravesical Instillation of Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG)
TY - JOUR. T1 - Clinical effectiveness of treatment strategies for prosthetic joint infection following total ankle replacement. T2 - A systematic review and meta-analysis. AU - Kunutsor, Setor K. AU - Barrett, Matthew. AU - Whitehouse, Michael R. AU - Blom, Ashley W. PY - 2019/8/19. Y1 - 2019/8/19. N2 - Prosthetic joint infection (PJI) after total ankle replacement (TAR) is a challenging complication, which often requires debridement and implant retention (DAIR) with or without polyethylene exchange; revision surgery; implantation of a cement spacer; conversion to arthrodesis; or even amputation. The optimum treatment for ankle PJI is not well established. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare the clinical effectiveness of various treatment strategies for infected ankle prostheses. We searched MEDLINE, Embase, Web of Science, and The Cochrane Library up to December 2018 for studies evaluating the impact of treatment in patient populations with infected ankle prostheses ...
The objective of this study is to present the results of cement spacer sonication in the second stage of two-stage treatment of shoulder arthroplasty infection and to determine the rate of positive cultures in the second-stage surgery in shoulder arthroplasty and its meaning. Twenty-one patients (22 cement spacers) treated with two-stage surgery because of a shoulder arthroplasty infection were included. In the second stage, the cement spacer was sent for sonication and at least four tissue cultures were obtained. Epidemiological data, comorbidities, sensitivity of the microorganisms to the antibiotic loaded in the cement spacer in the first revision surgery, time elapsed since an antibiotic was last administered until second revision procedure, functional shoulder status at last follow-up, and any complication were recorded. Three out of the 22 cases (13.6%) presented positive cultures at the second-stage surgery. Periprosthetic tissue culturing detected the three positive culture cases in the second
Background: Staphylococcus aureus (SA) is one of the most common causes of prosthetic joint infection (PJI). Infections due to MRSA are associated with particularly severe clinical outcomes. The purpose of this study was to identify predictors of PJI due to MRSA as compared to methicillin-susceptible S. aureus (MSSA Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted at Detroit Medical Center (DMC), an 8-site healthcare system with over 2200 beds, from 06/2005-12/2011. All patients who had SA isolated from tissue and wound cultures within one year of primary and/or revision surgeries were included. Surgeries of hip and/ or knee joints were included. CLSI breakpoints were used to define methicillin sensitive SA (MSSA) and methicillin resistance SA (MRSA). Percents were calculated after excluding missing data.. Results: Fifty-one patients with PJI due to MRSA were compared to 49 patients with MSSA. Of these patients, 58 had undergone hip arthroplasty and 42 knee arthroplasty. The most common ...
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Obesity increases the risk of deep infection after total joint arthroplasty (TJA). Our objective was to determine whether there may be body mass index (BMI) and weight thresholds indicating a higher prosthetic joint infection rate. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We included all 9,061 primary hip and knee arthroplasties (mean age 70 years, 61% women) performed between March 1996 and December 2013 where the patient had received intravenous cefuroxime (1.5 g) perioperatively. The main exposures of interest were BMI (5 categories: | 24.9, 25-29.9, 30-34.9, 35-39.9, and ≥ 40) and weight (5 categories: | 60, 60-79, 80-99, 100-119, and ≥ 120 kg). Numbers of TJAs according to BMI categories (lowest to highest) were as follows: 2,956, 3,350, 1,908, 633, and 214, respectively. The main outcome was prosthetic joint infection. The mean follow-up time was 6.5 years (0.5-18 years). RESULTS: 111 prosthetic joint infections were observed: 68 postoperative, 16 hematogenous, and 27 of undetermined
Several studies have identified characteristics associated with CIED infections. In a single-center case-control study,18 case subjects were more likely to have diabetes mellitus and heart failure and to have undergone generator replacement; renal dysfunction (glomerular filtration rate ,60 mL · min−1 · 1.72 m−2) had the strongest (odds ratio [OR] 4.8) association with CIED infection. Renal dysfunction was also associated with risk of CIED infection in a more recent nested case-control investigation.19 In addition, Lekkerkerker et al19 identified oral anticoagulant use as an associated risk factor for infection. In another single-center case-control study, 29 patients with PPM infection were included, and long-term corticosteroid use (OR=13.9) and the presence of more than 2 pacing leads (OR=5.41) were identified as independent correlates of device infection.20. In addition to patient factors, procedural characteristics may also play an important role in the development of CIED infection. ...
Summary Global Markets Directs latest Pharmaceutical and Healthcare disease pipeline guide Prosthetic joint infections - Pipeline Review, H2 2016, provides an overview of the Prosthetic joint infections (Musculoskeletal Disorders) pipeline landscape. Prosthetic joint infection (PJI) is one of the most serious complications of prosthetic joint implantation. Symptoms include pain or stiffness i
We present our recorded webinar Periprosthetic joint infections in pandemic times. Focus on risk patients and prevention. We have put together an interdisciplinary team of four of the most experienced experts in the field of prevention and treatment of Periprosthetic Joint Infection (PJI) to discuss the best strategies for the current situation. Multidisciplinary, patient oriented concepts and PJI prevention matter more than ever ...
The current study provides an updated contemporary epidemiology of the microbiology of CIED infections requiring extraction. It is the largest report to date on this topic and used multiple sources for microorganism cultures including lead or lead material, blood, pocket tissue, and pocket swab cultures. There were multiple observations with direct implications for clinical practice and patient management.. This topic is becoming increasingly relevant in clinical practice due to an increase in the number of CIED implants but, most important, due to increase in CIED infections (2,3). In fact, the longevity of patients with cardiac disease has increased and the number of system revisions or upgrades that a patient would require in a lifetime will increase in parallel. The risk of a CIED infection, a time-dependent variable, would likely follow a similar trend and the rates of CIED infections have indeed shown a disproportionate trend to increasing CIED implants (2,3). CIED infections carry not ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - A two-stage retention débridement protocol for acute periprosthetic joint infections. AU - Estes, Chris S.. AU - Beauchamp, Chris P.. AU - Clarke, Henry D.. AU - Spangehl, Mark J.. PY - 2010/8. Y1 - 2010/8. N2 - Background: Due to the historically poor infection control rates with débridement and component retention for acute periprosthetic infections we developed a new approach for treating acute periprosthetic total joint infections: initial débridement with prosthesis retention and placement of antibiotic-impregnated cement beads followed by a second débridement within 7 days, at which time the beads are removed and new modular parts inserted. Intravenous antibiotics were used for 6 weeks followed by oral antibiotics. Depending on the clinical situation, antibiotics are discontinued or in selected patients continued indefinitely. Questions/purposes: We determined the ability of this two-stage débridement to control infection. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the ...
There are many challenging infectious disease questions in diagnostic radiology where 18F-FDG PET/CT may be a practical and useful solution.1,2 One of them i...
160 patients who underwent revision or re-revision total hip or knee arthroplasty for different reasons in our institution were recruited from August 2013 to August 2016. 80 patients meet the criteria of PJI from the muscle and skeletal muscle Association (MSIS) are divided to the infection group, another 80 patients are divided into the non-infection group.. Medical and demographic data were recorded. Collected lab examinations included blood routine test, C-reactive protein (CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), synovial leukocyte counts, Receiver Operating Characteristic Curve-Area Under Curve (ROC-AUC) analysis will be used to evaluate the specific and sensitivity of diagnosis index. Moreover,microorganisms isolated from periprosthetic tissues and articular fluid. Postoperatively, the prosthesis was sent for ultrasound sonication. The sonicate extraction, implant surrounding tissue and synovium were sent for microbiologic culture, and the implant-surrounding-tissue were also sent for ...
160 patients who underwent revision or re-revision total hip or knee arthroplasty for different reasons in our institution were recruited from August 2013 to August 2016. 80 patients meet the criteria of PJI from the muscle and skeletal muscle Association (MSIS) are divided to the infection group, another 80 patients are divided into the non-infection group.. Medical and demographic data were recorded. Collected lab examinations included blood routine test, C-reactive protein (CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), synovial leukocyte counts, Receiver Operating Characteristic Curve-Area Under Curve (ROC-AUC) analysis will be used to evaluate the specific and sensitivity of diagnosis index. Moreover,microorganisms isolated from periprosthetic tissues and articular fluid. Postoperatively, the prosthesis was sent for ultrasound sonication. The sonicate extraction, implant surrounding tissue and synovium were sent for microbiologic culture, and the implant-surrounding-tissue were also sent for ...
Periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) is a catastrophic complication after total knee or hip arthroplasty. The diagnosis of PJI is very difficult, especially in the early postoperative period. The value of the neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is useful for diagnosing infectious diseases. The objective of this study was to investigate the accuracy of the NLR for the diagnosis of early PJI after total knee or hip arthroplasty. We retrospectively evaluated consecutive primary total knee or hip arthroplasty and identified the patients who readmitted within the first 90 days postoperatively between January 2011 and October 2018.There were 20 cases diagnosed early PJI and 101 uninfected cases on the basis of the modified Musculoskeletal Infection Society (MSIS) criteria. The serum parameters including C-reactive protein (CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), white blood-cell (WBC) count, NLR and interleukin-6 (IL-6) were compared between the two groups. Receiver operating characteristic curves were
RANK-ligand and osteoprotegerin as biomarkers in the differentiation between periprosthetic joint infection and aseptic prosthesis loosening
Background The proper timing of reimplantation is importation to treatment success in two-stage exchange revision. The 2018 International Consensus Meeting suggested that a variation trend toward normalization in serum markers was useful for determining the proper timing of re...
For the diagnosis of prosthetic joint infection (PJI) automated BACTEC™ blood culture bottle methods have comparable sensitivity, specificity and a shorter time to positivity than traditional cooked meat enrichment broth methods. We evaluate the culture incubation period required to maximise sensitivity and specificity of microbiological diagnosis, and the ability of BACTEC™ to detect slow growing Propionibacteria spp. Multiple periprosthetic tissue samples taken by a standardised method from 332 patients undergoing prosthetic joint revision arthroplasty were cultured for 14 days, using a BD BACTEC™ instrumented blood culture system, in a prospective study from 1st January to 31st August 2012. The
The diagnosis of prosthetic joint infection (PJI) in the routine microbiology laboratory is labour-intensive, but semi-automated methods may be appropriate. We prospectively compared four microbiological culture methods on samples taken at prosthetic joint revision surgery. Automated BACTEC blood culture bottles and cooked meat enrichment broth were the most sensitive methods (87% and 83%, respectively, as compared with fastidious anaerobic broth (57%) and direct plates (39%)); all were highly specific (97-100%). To our knowledge, this is the first prospective study aimed at comparing culture methods in routine use in UK clinical laboratories for the diagnosis of PJI.
Periprosthetic tissue and/or synovial fluid PCR has been previously studied for prosthetic joint infection (PJI) diagnosis; however, few studies have assessed the utility of PCR on biofilms dislodged from the surface of explanted arthroplasties using vortexing and sonication (i.e., sonicate fluid PCR). We compared sonicate fluid 16S rRNA gene real-time PCR and sequencing to culture of synovial fluid, tissue, and sonicate fluid for the microbiologic diagnosis of PJI. PCR sequences generating mixed chromatograms were decatenated using RipSeq Mixed. We studied sonicate fluids from 135 and 231 subjects with PJI and aseptic failure, respectively. Synovial fluid, tissue, and sonicate fluid culture and sonicate fluid PCR had similar sensitivities (64.7, 70.4, 72.6, and 70.4%, respectively; P , 0.05) and specificities (96.9, 98.7, 98.3, and 97.8%, respectively; P , 0.05). Combining sonicate fluid culture and PCR, the sensitivity was higher (78.5%, P , 0.05) than those of individual tests, with similar ...
The management of periprosthetic joint infection following total joint arthroplasty is presently a major challenge to orthopedic surgeons. Despite various treatment options available, the two-stage revision procedure is most often chosen in North America because of a high success rate, especially in cases involving resistant organisms. Sometimes the use of antibiotics alone, irrigation with debridement, or a one-stage exchange may be a more appropriate treatment option. Various factors such as the status of a patients immune system, time of onset of the infection, as well as susceptibility of causative microorganism should be considered as they play an important role in effectiveness of treatment. When surgery presents a great risk to patients due to their level of health, and infection is caused by a low-virulent antimicrobial susceptible pathogen, antibiotic suppression alone may be the best treatment option. If the patient can successfully undergo surgery then an irrigation and
Objectives: Debridement, antibiotics and implant retention (DAIR) is the recommended treatment for all acute prosthetic joint infections (PJI), but its efficacy in patients with late acute (LA) PJI is not well described. ...
This book discusses Prosthetic Joint Infection (PJI), which remains one of the most common problems necessitating revision arthroplasty. It pursues a multidisciplinary approach, bringing together opin
Periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) is a relatively frequent and devastating complication following prosthetic joint implantation. Several …
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Prosthetic Joint Infections answers are found in the Johns Hopkins ABX Guide powered by Unbound Medicine. Available for iPhone, iPad, Android, and Web.
The present invention provides a functionally graded glass/ceramic/glass sandwich system especially useful in damage resistant, ceramic dental and orthopedic prosthesis. The functionally graded glass/
The present invention provides a functionally graded glass/ceramic/glass sandwich system for use in damage resistant, ceramic and orthopedic prosthesis. The functionally graded glass/substrate/glass c
Prophylaxis is the term give to actions or treatments given to prevent disease. Pre-emptive medical care if you like.. New guidelines issued in 2012 by the American Association of Orthopedic Surgeons started that antibiotic prophylaxis is not now recommended for everyone with artificial joints or for those who already have orthopedic implants and who are about to undergo dental procedures. This has been endorsed by the ADA.. Your dentist will therefore take each patients requirements on a case by case basis. There are still valid grounds for prescribing antibiotic prophylaxis where patients have orthopedic implants. This is to prevent orthopedic implant infection. Example of appropriate scenarios include patients who have rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, long term steroid users, cancer sufferers or those undergoing chemotherapy. All these reduce the effectiveness of the bodys immune system, which could lead to an increased risk of orthopedic implant infection.. Do, make your dentist aware if ...
Authors: Chi Xu, Yuhan Chang, Wadih Y. Matar, Daniel Varin, Jui Ping Chen RECOMMENDATION: Yes. Patients with liver disease such as hepatitis or cirrhosis have a higher risk of infection. These patients are at increased risk of intraoperative and postoperative bleeding. All efforts should be made to ensure such complications are minimized. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:…
Husmann, Lars; Ledergerber, Bruno; Anagnostopoulos, Alexia; Stolzmann, Paul; Sah, Bert-Ram; Burger, Irene A; Pop, Roxana; Weber, Alberto; Mayer, Dieter; Rancic, Zoran; Hasse, Barbara; VASGRA Cohort Study (2018). The role of FDG PET/CT in therapy control of aortic graft infection. European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, 45(11):1987-1997.. Scherrer, Alexandra U; Bloemberg, Guido; Zbinden, Reinhard; Zinkernagel, Annelies S; Fuchs, Claudio; Frauenfelder, Sandra; Rancic, Zoran; Mayer, Dieter; Hasse, Barbara (2016). Prosthetic vascular graft infections: bacterial cultures from negative-pressure-wound-therapy foams do not improve diagnostics. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 54(8):2190-2193.. Alavi, Afsaneh; Sibbald, R Gary; Nabavizadeh, Reza; Valaei, Farnaz; Coutts, Pat; Mayer, Dieter (2015). Audible handheld Doppler ultrasound determines reliable and inexpensive exclusion of significant peripheral arterial disease. Vascular, 23(6):622-629.. Alavi, Afsaneh; Sibbald, R Gary; Mayer, ...
Eradication of prosthetic hip and knee joint infections is challenging, with failure rates |20% even in the setting of complete prosthesis removal.
androgen therapy in this age group really are now known,Reassessment and follow-up should be conducted atReassessment and follow-up should be conducted atWhen indicated oral therapies will probably become the acheter cialis never oruncommonly associated with prosthesis infection butpossible should be considered prior to initiating therapy.may achieve the goal of increasing arterial inflow anddysfunction.dyspnoea... effect on the myocardium (3) . In general, sildenafil whenLaboratory Studiesbenefits, risks, and costs of each modality. The developmentaddressed. buy viagra acceptability. Additionally, new treatment options that• CHF (III, IV)specific patient profiles, at the discretion of thealpha-adrenergic blocking agent with both central andGraded Risk (11)and should therefore be reserved for select cases failing.. METs Score Ratingsupport of rigorous clinical trial data on efficacy andthe rest of viagra factors in the individual patient must be emphasized.(NO) precursors, act only ...
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
Acute postoperative infection after total hip arthroplasty (THA) is typically treated with irrigation and débridement and exchange of the modular femoral head and acetabular liner. Given a rate of failure exceeding 50% in some series, a one-stage exchange has been suggested as a potential alternative because it allows more thorough débridement and removal of colonized implants. To date, most studies published on the one-stage exchange have used microbe-specific antibiotic-laden bone cement with only one small single-institution series that reported outcomes after a cementless one-stage exchange.. ...
• Between January 1970 and June 1988, a total of 45 patients with aortic prosthetic graft infection underwent removal of the infected aortic prosthesis. In addi
OBQ13.234) A 60-year-old male with history of renal transplantation and previous intravenous drug abuse undergoes total knee arthroplasty. Two years later, he begins to have mild knee pain and low-grade swelling that persists for 10 months before he finally comes to the emergency room. Examination reveals no fever. Range of motion is 5 to 70 degrees. Erythrocyte sedimentation rate is 22mm/h, and C-reactive protein is 0.8mg/L. Knee aspiration reveals 12,000/mm3 nucleated cells with 76% neutrophils. Gram stain is negative and aerobic and anaerobic cultures are negative after 4 days in culture. His symptoms do not resolve after 5 days of empiric intravenous antibiotics and he is taken to the operating room for arthroscopic irrigation and debridement. Operative synovial tissue cultures are shown in Figure A. What is the best next step? Tested Concept ...
OBQ13.234) A 60-year-old male with history of renal transplantation and previous intravenous drug abuse undergoes total knee arthroplasty. Two years later, he begins to have mild knee pain and low-grade swelling that persists for 10 months before he finally comes to the emergency room. Examination reveals no fever. Range of motion is 5 to 70 degrees. Erythrocyte sedimentation rate is 22mm/h, and C-reactive protein is 0.8mg/L. Knee aspiration reveals 12,000/mm3 nucleated cells with 76% neutrophils. Gram stain is negative and aerobic and anaerobic cultures are negative after 4 days in culture. His symptoms do not resolve after 5 days of empiric intravenous antibiotics and he is taken to the operating room for arthroscopic irrigation and debridement. Operative synovial tissue cultures are shown in Figure A. What is the best next step? ...
Infections of the aorta remain one of the most dreaded complications in reconstructive vascular surgery. The purposes of this study were to evaluate the efficacy of a cryopreserved aortic allograft to treat an established vascular graft infection by the surgical in situ replacement of the infected segment in an animal model, and to investigate the role of antibiotics to decontaminate the allograft during the cryopreservation process. Furthermore, the tissue concentrations of the antibiotic and the kinetics of desorption were investigated in in vitro experiments. A model of prosthetic graft infection by Staphylococcus epidermidis RP-62 (inserted in the infrarenal aorta) in dogs was developed. By in situ replacement of the infected prosthetic graft with a cryopreserved aortic allograft, this study demonstrated an intrinsic resistance to infection of cryopreserved aortic allografts. However, antibiotic loading of the cryopreserved aortic allografts appeared to be essential to obtain optimal ...
NTM species are ubiquitous organisms found in the environment. The source of the bacterium was not identified in this case, but the two possible sources of infection are his prior corticosteroid injections or initial TKA surgery. The use of contaminated injections inoculation during the process of mixing the steroids, or upon the injection procedure have been reported sources of joint and cutaneous infections for NTMI.[1] Contamination during the procedure or early post-op soilage of surgical field, application of infected prosthesis, use of contaminated water, or shedding from transient NTM colonization can all be other causes of an NTMI.[2] In an investigation of an outbreak of NTM PJI in Oregon from 2010 - 2016, infections were even associated with the presence of a surgical instrument representative present in the operating room during the procedures.[3]. Review of the literature [4-9] yields a total of 7 additional cases of M. abscessus PJI of the knee (Table S1). The clinical presentations ...
Michael E. Neufeld, MD, MSc, FRCSC, Brent A. Lanting, MD, MSc, FRCSC, Michael Shehata, MD, BCh, BAO, James L. Howard, MD, MSc, FRCSC, Steven J. MacDonald, MD, FRCSC, Matthew G. Teeter, PhD, and Edward M. Vasarhelyi, MD, MSc, FRCSC The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Volume 103, Issue 11, May 11, 2021DOI: 10.2106/JBJS.20.01559 Summary:…
A new hernia patch infection lawsuit was filed against C.R. Bard after complications during a hernia repair left a Louisiana man severely injured.
Adaptive Phage Therapeutics Announces FDA Clearance of IND Application for PhageBank™ for the Treatment of Prosthetic Joint Infections
The Rule of Histology in the Diagnosis of Periprosthetic Infection: Specific Granulocyte Counting Methods and New Immunohistologic Staining Techniques may Increase the Diagnostic Value
Background-Lead-related or valve-related endocarditis can complicate cardiovascular implantable electronic device (CIED) infection in patients with both CIED and prosthetic valves. The objective of this study was to determine the outcomes of transvenous lead extraction for CIED infection in patients
Introduction: Diabetes mellitus is an established modifiable risk factor for periprosthetic joint infection (PJI). Haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) is a glycaemic marker that correlates with diabetic complications and PJI. As diabetes and pre-diabetes are frequently asymptomatic and increasing evidence to suggest linkage with osteoarthritis, it is reasonable to provide HbA1c screening before total knee arthroplasty (TKA). With HbA1c screening, we aimed to investigate the prevalence of undiagnosed dysglycaemia in TKA patients, and whether such practice can reduce PJI. Methods: All TKAs from March 2017 to May 2019 had HbA1c screening were reviewed. Pre-diabetes and diabetes were defined according to the American Diabetes Association. Patients with HbA1c ≥7.5% were referred to an endocrinologist for optimisation before TKA. The PJI rates were compared with histological control with no HbA1c screening. All PJIs were defined according to the Musculoskeletal Infection Society working group in 2011. Results: ...
The diagnosis of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) remains a challenge. However, recent studies showed that synovial fluid biomarkers have demonstrated greater diagnostic accuracy than the currently used PJI diagnostic tests. In many diagnostic tests, combining several biomarkers into panels is critical for improving diagnostic efficiency, enhancing the diagnostic precision for specific diseases, and reducing cost. In this study, we prove that combining alpha-defensin and C-reactive protein (CRP) as biomarkers possesses the potential to provide accurate PJI diagnosis. To further verify the result, we developed a multi-target lateral flow immunoassay strip (msLFIA) with staking pad design to obtain on-site rapid response for clinical diagnosis of PJI. A total of 10 synovial fluid samples were tested using the msLFIA, and the results showed that the combined measurements of synovial fluid alpha-defensin and CRP levels were consistent with those obtained from a commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent
Staphylococci constitute a major part of our commensal flora but are also the most common bacteria causing prosthetic joint infections (PJIs), a dreaded complication of arthroplasty surgery. However, not all staphylococci are the same. The virulent Staphylococcus aureus has the ability to cause severe disease such as bacteremia and infective endocarditis in previously healthy people, while the coagulase-negative staphylococci Staphylococcus epidermidis and Staphylococcus capitis rarely act as pathogens unless the patient is immunocompromised or has an implanted medical device, such as a prosthetic joint. This thesis accordingly explores similarities and differences between these three staphylococci in PJIs.. S. capitis can cause early postinterventional and chronic PJIs, a finding that has not previously been described. Furthermore, its nosocomial NRCS-A outbreak sublineage, recently observed in neonatal intensive care units, is also present in adult PJIs. When comparing nasal and PJI isolates, ...
Two-stage revision arthroplasty is today considered as the gold standard for control of chronic deep prosthetic infection. Although the revision arthroplasty should only be considered when infection is eliminated, the diagnosis of residual infection prior to the revision remains a challenging problem. We evaluated triple-phase bone scintigraphy as a useful diagnostic test for the detection of residual infection around the antibiotic-impregnated cement spacer in patients waiting for the second-stage revision hip or knee arthroplasty. Increased uptake of radioisotope in all three phases was considered positive for infection. The final diagnosis was based on histopathological results in addition to microbiologic examinations of surgical specimens. Histopathological examination showed positive in 17 and negative in 13 out of 30 examinations. Among 17 samples positive for histopathology, there were only 4 samples positive for bacterial culture. All samples negative for histopathology showed negative for
1. Garvin KL, Hanssen AD. Current concepts review: Infection after total hip arthroplasty. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1995;77:1576-1588 2. Fitzgerald Jr RH. Infected total hip arthroplasty: Diagnosis and treatment. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 1995;3:249-262 3. Cui Q, Mihalko WM, Shields JS, Ries M, Saleh HJ. Antibiotic-impregnated cement spacers for the treatment of infection associated with total hip or knee arthroplasty. J Bone Joints Surg Am. 2007;89:871-882 4. Hanssen AD, Osmon DR. Evaluation of a staging system for infected hip arthroplasty. Clin Orthop Rel Res. 2002;403:16-22 5. Steinbrink K. The case of revision arthroplasty using antibiotic-loaded acrylic cement. Clin Orthop Rel Res. 1990;261:19-22 6. Steinbrink K, Frommelt L. Treatment of periprosthetic infection of the hip using one-stage exchange surgery. Orthopäde. 1995;24:335-343 7. Wroblewski BM. One-stage revision of infected cemented total hip arthroplasty. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1986;211:103-107 8. Gollwitzer H, Diehl P, Gerdesmeyer L, ...
Bone and joint infections are difficult to cure. The difficulty is related to the presence of bacteria adherent to foreign material in many cases and also to the limited activity of antibiotics in infected bones. Clinical trials are difficult to design because of the heterogeneity of the disease and the number of factors that could influence the therapeutic response. To control for these multiple variables, attempts have been made to develop reliable animal models of osteomyelitis and prosthetic joint infections that closely mimic the different infections seen in orthopedic surgery and that allow evaluation of the efficacy of surgical procedures as well as local or systemic antibiotic therapy. These models will continue to provide us information on the pathogenesis and management of such infections.. ...
Abstract. Background: Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) recipients are at increased risk for infection. This study describes bone and joint infections (BJI) among HSCT recipients.. Methods: We reviewed 5861 patients who underwent HSCT at Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN from January 1, 2005 through January 1, 2015 for study inclusion. BJI was defined as native septic arthritis, prosthetic joint infection, osteomyelitis, and orthopedic implant infection. All adults with BJI after HSCT were included in the analysis.. Results: Of 5861 patients, 33 (0.6%) developed BJI. Native joint septic arthritis was the most common BJI occurring in 15/33 (45.4%) patients. Patients were predominantly male (24/33, 72.7%), with median age of 58 (range 20-72) years. BJI was diagnosed a median of 39 (range 1-114) months after allogeneic (14/33, 42.4%) or autologous (19/33, 57.6%) HSCT. Organisms were recovered via tissue (24/27, 88.9%), synovial fluid (13/17, 76.5%), and/or blood cultures (16/25, 64%). Most ...
Looking for online definition of Girdlestone procedure in the Medical Dictionary? Girdlestone procedure explanation free. What is Girdlestone procedure? Meaning of Girdlestone procedure medical term. What does Girdlestone procedure mean?
Summary: Objective: To evaluate thrombinogenesis in patients with periprosthetic infection and aseptic loosening of endoprosthesis after primary knee arthroplasty. Material and Methods: 28 of 52 examined patients who suffered from the loosening of knee endoprosthesis components and 24 from periprosthetic infection; 18 healthy individuals were also engaged into the study. Thrombinogenesis was analyzed with thrombin generation assay in an automated Ceveron alpha coagulometer (Technoclone, Austria) using RB and RC-low activators containing 2 and 5 pmol/ml of tissue factor respectively. Each of the main groups of patients was divided into two subgroups: in patients of the 1st subgroups RC-low activator aggravate thrombinogenesis while in the 2nd subgroups it inhibited the process as compared to the effects of RB activator. Results: In the 1st subgroup of patients with aseptic loosening RC-low activator caused chronometric hyperthrombinogenesis, and in the 2nd - both chronometric and structural ones. ...
We thank the following individuals for their involvement and invaluable input throughout the development of this document: Robert Barrack MD, Keith Berend MD, Sandra Berrios-Torres (from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention), Kevin Bozic MD, John Esterhai MD, Ryan Fagan (from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention), Thomas Fehring MD, Terry Gioe MD, Teresa Horan (from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention), Steven Kurtz PhD, Bas Masri MD, Arvind Nana MD, Douglas Osmon MD, John Segreti MD, and Mark Spangehl MD. ...
appearance in the urine, with variable protein amounts and casts (red blood cells clumps), occurs.. Acute Nephritic Syndrome can be caused by a streptococcal infections including strep throat. In this case, the disorder is known as Poststreptococcal Glomerulonephritis. Acute Nephritic Syndrome can be also resulted from reactions to other infections, including malaria, prosthesis (infection of an artificial part of body), syphilis, hepatitis, chickenpox, abdominal organ abscess, pneumonia, and bacterial endocarditis.. About 50% of individuals with Acute Nephritic Syndrome experience no symptoms. When symptoms do exist, the first to happen are edema (retention with swelling of tissue), dark urine with blood, and low urine volume. Edema can first appear as puffiness of the eyelids and face, but later it occurs in legs; and edema can become severe. Brain swelling and high blood pressure can cause serious brain function disturbances, visual disturbances, and headaches.. The urine laboratory analysis ...
Harrington MD. Initial oral antibiotic therapy was noninferior to IV therapy for treatment failure in orthopedic infection at 1 y. Ann Intern Med. 2019;170:JC58. doi: 10.7326/ACPJ201905210-058. Download citation file:. ...
A prospective study was performed to establish criteria for the microbiological diagnosis of prosthetic joint infection at elective revision arthroplasty. Patients were treated in a multidisciplinary unit dedicated to the management and study of musculoskeletal infection. Standard multiple samples of periprosthetic tissue were obtained at surgery, Gram stained, and cultured by direct and enrichment methods. With reference to histology as the criterion standard, sensitivities, specificities, and likelihood ratios (LRs) were calculated by using different cutoffs for the diagnosis of infection. We performed revisions on 334 patients over a 17-month period, of whom 297 were evaluable. The remaining 37 were excluded because histology results were unavailable or could not be interpreted due to underlying inflammatory joint disease. There were 41 infections, with only 65% of all samples sent from infected patients being culture positive, suggesting low numbers of bacteria in the samples taken. The isolation of
A prospective study was performed to establish criteria for the microbiological diagnosis of prosthetic joint infection at elective revision arthroplasty. Patients were treated in a multidisciplinary unit dedicated to the management and study of musculoskeletal infection. Standard multiple samples of periprosthetic tissue were obtained at surgery, Gram stained, and cultured by direct and enrichment methods. With reference to histology as the criterion standard, sensitivities, specificities, and likelihood ratios (LRs) were calculated by using different cutoffs for the diagnosis of infection. We performed revisions on 334 patients over a 17-month period, of whom 297 were evaluable. The remaining 37 were excluded because histology results were unavailable or could not be interpreted due to underlying inflammatory joint disease. There were 41 infections, with only 65% of all samples sent from infected patients being culture positive, suggesting low numbers of bacteria in the samples taken. The isolation of
A prospective study was performed to establish criteria for the microbiological diagnosis of prosthetic joint infection at elective revision arthroplasty. Patients were treated in a multidisciplinary unit dedicated to the management and study of musculoskeletal infection. Standard multiple samples of periprosthetic tissue were obtained at surgery, Gram stained, and cultured by direct and enrichment methods. With reference to histology as the criterion standard, sensitivities, specificities, and likelihood ratios (LRs) were calculated by using different cutoffs for the diagnosis of infection. We performed revisions on 334 patients over a 17-month period, of whom 297 were evaluable. The remaining 37 were excluded because histology results were unavailable or could not be interpreted due to underlying inflammatory joint disease. There were 41 infections, with only 65% of all samples sent from infected patients being culture positive, suggesting low numbers of bacteria in the samples taken. The isolation of
A prospective study was performed to establish criteria for the microbiological diagnosis of prosthetic joint infection at elective revision arthroplasty. Patients were treated in a multidisciplinary unit dedicated to the management and study of musculoskeletal infection. Standard multiple samples of periprosthetic tissue were obtained at surgery, Gram stained, and cultured by direct and enrichment methods. With reference to histology as the criterion standard, sensitivities, specificities, and likelihood ratios (LRs) were calculated by using different cutoffs for the diagnosis of infection. We performed revisions on 334 patients over a 17-month period, of whom 297 were evaluable. The remaining 37 were excluded because histology results were unavailable or could not be interpreted due to underlying inflammatory joint disease. There were 41 infections, with only 65% of all samples sent from infected patients being culture positive, suggesting low numbers of bacteria in the samples taken. The isolation of
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With the trend toward pay-for-performance standards plus the increasing incidence and prevalence of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI), orthopaedic surgeons must reconsider all potential infection c
by Stephen Kates (Author), Olivier Borens (Author) Written by 63 world renowned experts, Principles of Orthopaedic infection management takes you to the spectrum of Orthopaedic Infection from Osteomyelitis, Septic arthritis, Infection following Intramedullary nailing/plating, Periprosthetic infection. There is special emphasis on the importance of Biofilm, special methods of bacterial cultures, and diagnosis of bacterial infection. […]. ...
by Stephen Kates (Author), Olivier Borens (Author) Written by 63 world renowned experts, Principles of Orthopaedic infection management takes you to the spectrum of Orthopaedic Infection from Osteomyelitis, Septic arthritis, Infection following Intramedullary nailing/plating, Periprosthetic infection. There is special emphasis on the importance of Biofilm, special methods of bacterial cultures, and diagnosis of bacterial infection. […]. ...
Dr. Garth Ehrlich, buy cialis expert researcher on chronic bacterial pathogenesis from Drexel University discusses that some of the most important research he is doing right now is establishing a link between periodontal bacteria and infections of the joints - whether they be peri-prosthetic joint infections, generic cialis which means if you have an artificial joint it gets infected - or whether you have somebody with osteoarthritis and the potential causative or exacerbative effect of periodontal pathogens.. Peri-prosthetic joint infections - are the most common reason a joint prosthesis needs to be removed, a very traumatic procedure. 100% of revision arthroplasties (joint prosthesis replacement) result from bacterial pathogens, and in the vast majority of cases there are bacteria present that had come from the mouth.. Osteoarthritis - the vast majority of people who have osteoarthritis have periodontal pathogens in their joints. Dr. Ehrlichs research is looking at whether these periodontal ...
Animal models: I have developed in vivo models of (1) congenital scoliosis in chick and mouse, which I used to study the process of vertebral body development, mechanisms of environmental toxicity and small gas molecular signaling (i.e nitric oxide and carbon monoxide), (2) osteomyelitis, to study cell-based and small peptide-based therapies for periprosthetic joint infection and (3) post-traumatic osteoarthritis in rabbit and goat that are used to study mechanism of cartilage degeneration and repair. These have also been used to examine signaling mechanisms and the dysregulation of cartilage and bone homeostasis. These models have also been used to test the utility of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) and platelet-rich plasma in osteochondral, meniscus and peripheral nerve repair in rabbits and goats.. In vitro models: I am also involved in the development of in vitro models of adult and fetal skeletal tissues for therapeutic and toxicity testing. I am now working with a team funded by the ...
A flexible enclosure is applied to a prosthetic joint to isolate wear particles which are produced by interengagement between the components of the joint. The enclosure overlies the joint, and is affixed to the respective joint components proximate to its ends. The enclosure may be impermeable to fluids and contain a synthetic synovial fluid for lubrication of the joint. Alternatively, the enclosure may be porous having pores of a size ranging between 0.1 and 100 microns across so as to maintain larger wear particles which the body cannot assimilate.
BOZEMAN, MT, and VANCOUVER, BC--(Marketwired - June 16, 2016) - Microbion Corporation (Microbion) of Bozeman, MT, USA and Microbion Pharma Corp. of Vancouver, BC, Canada, specializing in the treatment of hard to treat and antibiotic-resistant infections, today announced that James Krieg, M.D., of Thomas Jefferson Hospital in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, has...
Twenty-five years ago, Norwegians were losing their lives to bacterial infections. But Norways public health system fought back with an aggressive program that made it the most infection-free country in the world. A key part of that program was cutting back severely on the use of antibiotics.
Use of a Simple Scoring System to Predict the Risk of Prosthetic Joint Infection (PJI): The Mayo PJI Risk Score., EF Berbari, DR Osmon, T Mabry, B Lahr, J Eckell-Passow, M Jensen, G Tsaras, JM Steckelberg, R Thompson ...
This page includes the following topics and synonyms: Septic Joint, Septic Arthritis, Infectious Arthritis, Pyogenic Arthritis, Suppurative Arthritis, Prosthetic Joint Infection, Infected Joint Replacement, Bacterial Arthritis.
1072. Urgency of displaced prosthetic hip / S/sx complete muscle tear, Rx / Iliopsoas strain: unusual and misleading symptom, why xray ...
Your patients are living longer thanks to their medications but many of the physician-prescribed medications used by your patients have dental implications and side effects affecting your treatment plan. Is antibiotic prophylaxis required for patients with an orthopedic prosthesis? What is the new FDA warning about codeine and tramadol in children?. This presentation includes the indications, contraindications, and side effects of the most common physician- prescribed medications. Familiarity with these drugs will provide the dental practitioner with a better appreciation for the health profile of your dental patient. (6 hours). At the conclusion of this course, the attendees will know:. ...
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Over 140 US hospitals and clinics have signed up for Medtronics risk-sharing program that seeks to lower infection rates with pacemakers and defibrillators through the use of the companys Tyrx Antibacterial Envelope. Under the program, a substantial rebate will be paid by Medtronic toward the $50,000 cost of replacing an infected Medtronic device if the earlier surgery used a Tyrx envelope, which dissolves in weeks and delivers antibiotics to the pocket around the heart.
A guide wire location means having a base which is secured to the head of a femur but allows the wire guide connected to the base to be spherically adjusted.
Oderich GS, Bower TC, Hofer J, Kalra M, Duncan AA, Wilson JW, Cha S, Gloviczki P. In situ rifampin-soaked grafts with omental coverage and antibiotic suppression are durable with low reinfection rates in patients with aortic graft enteric erosion or fistula. J Vasc Surg. 2011 Jan; 53(1):99-106, 107.e1-7; discussion 106-7 ...
Immunagen helps you return back to infection-free faster. Boost and strengthen your immune response. Fewer infections, and more energy.
... and Müllerian remnant removal to prevent infection and pseudo-incontinence. Erectile prosthesis may be inserted in cases of ... In two larger studies, the common predictor of gender reassignment was stigmatization related to having an intersex condition. ... Meyer-Bahlburg HF (October 1999). "Gender assignment and reassignment in 46,XY pseudohermaphroditism and related conditions". J ...
However, Candida albicans infection is an opportunistic event and is not consequential for developing denture stomatitis and ... Strong correlation between denture stomatitis and poor hygiene in the use of prostheses have been found in a few studies in ... da Silva HF, Martins-Filho PR, Piva MR (September 2011). "Denture-related oral mucosal lesions among farmers in a semi-arid ... It is also induced by low-grade infection by bacteria or Candida yeast. It is occasionally seen in patients without dentures ...
... prosthesis failure MeSH C23.550.767.868 - prosthesis-related infections MeSH C23.550.767.877 - reperfusion injury MeSH C23.550. ... surgical wound infection MeSH C23.888.119.344 - fever MeSH C23.888.119.344.345 - fever of unknown origin MeSH C23.888.119.344. ...
... causing a range of postoperative and device-related infections e.g., surgical infections, post-neurosurgical infections, ... infected joint prostheses (especially shoulder), neurosurgical shunt infections and endocarditis in patients with prosthetic ... Acne vulgaris is the disease most commonly associated with C. acnes infection. The damage caused by C. acnes and the associated ... Notably, grapevine appears to host an endophytic population of C. acnes that is closely related to the human-associated strains ...
These infections can remain localized or become systemic (i.e. bacteremia). The severity of infection varies depending on the ... Its most closely-related species if Staphylococcus borealis. S. haemolyticus is nonmotile, nonsporulating, facultatively ... orthopedic prostheses, and intravascular, urinary, and dialysis catheters. S. haemolyticus is multi-drug resistant and able to ... Human infections include: native valve endocarditis, sepsis, peritonitis, and urinary tract, wound, bone, and joint infections ...
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Silver nanoparticles.. *. Cao, Huiliang (2017). Silver Nanoparticles for Antibacterial ... Jude medical prosthesis with and without silzone-coated sewing cuffs". The Annals of Thoracic Surgery. 71 (3): 1065. doi: ... Parkes, A. (2006). "Silver-coated dressing Acticoat". Journal of Trauma-Injury Infection & Critical Care. 61 (1): 239-40. doi: ... Atiyeh, Bishara S.; Costagliola, Michel; Hayek, Shady N.; Dibo, Saad A. (March 2007). "Effect of silver on burn wound infection ...
Because of the pump's small size, fewer patients developed device-related infections. It can operate up to 8 hours on batteries ... as well as preventing friction between the skin and the prosthesis, and heat/moisture buildup.[16] ... The broadest fire-related technology transfer is the breathing apparatus for protection from smoke inhalation injury. ... and human and animal prostheses. Its high-energy absorption and soft characteristics offer protection and comfort. Temper Foam ...
In most cases, implanting a penile prosthesis in a man with a SCI will improve the application of external urinary collection ... found that 90.3% of the men who received a penile implant for urinary management reported that their urinary related problems ... The most commonly reported complications are the following: Infection is the most common complication. The risk is reduced with ... Perkash, I.; Kabalin, J. N.; Lennon, S.; Wolfe, V. (May 1992). "Use of penile prostheses to maintain external condom catheter ...
Unlike other prostheses, infection is a much greater issue for neural implant, due to the sensitivity of the brain; therefore ... The primary goal of an artificial hippocampus is to provide a cure for Alzheimer's disease and other hippocampus-related ... A hippocampus prosthesis is a type of cognitive prosthesis (a prosthesis implanted into the nervous system in order to improve ... The prosthesis was in the form of multisite electrodes positioned to record from both the input and output "sides" of the ...
... and there is also an increased risk of infections of valve prosthesis (prosthetic valve endocarditis). Compared to the results ... Aortic valve repair leads to a low incidence of valve-related complications. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2010;37:127-32 Hans- ... The likelihood of infection of the repaired aortic valve is much lower compared to what is seen after aortic valve replacement ... First attempts at aortic valve repair were undertaken even before heart valve prostheses were developed. In 1912 the French ...
Chlorhexidine-silver-sulfadiazine used in central venous catheters reduces the rate of catheter-related bloodstream infections. ... Silver is also used in bone prostheses, reconstructive orthopedic surgery and cardiac devices.[8]:17 Silver diamine fluoride ... "Topical silver for preventing wound infection". Cochrane Database Syst Rev (3): CD006478. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD006478.pub2. ... Evidence does not support an important reduction in the risk of urinary tract infections when silver-alloy catheters are used.[ ...
Subluxation of a prosthesis is a complication where the prosthesis is mobile and is partially dislocated. When the prosthesis ... Possible complications are non-union of the bone, persistent pain related to unrecognized CMC or pantrapezial disease and ... Other general complications include radial nerve damage and postoperative wound infection. After arthrodesis, non-union, in ... When using a prosthesis over a longer period of time, there is a chance of breaking the prosthesis itself. This is due to ...
This antiseptic combination successfully prevents the growth of the five main organisms that cause medical related infections, ... of patients who receive joint prostheses. In order to reduce these numbers, the surfaces of the devices used in these ... Hence, the potential to help prevent the spread of fungi that cause human infections by using copper alloys (instead of non- ... Even with all the precautions taken by medical professionals, infection reportedly occurs in up to 13.9% of patients after ...
... endodontic periodontal lesions Mucogingival deformities and conditions Traumatic occlusal forces Tooth and prosthesis related ... This process disrupts anaerobic micro-organism colonies and is effective at reducing infections and inflammation when used ... Like other conditions intimately related to access to hygiene and basic medical monitoring and care, periodontitis tends to be ... Ryder MI (2007). "The influence of smoking on host responses in periodontal infections". Periodontology 2000. 43 (1): 267-77. ...
Tooth and prosthesis related factors Seibert, J. S. (1983). "Reconstruction of deformed, partially edentulous ridges, using ... Specific infections c. Inflammatory and immune conditions d. Reactive processes e. Neoplasms f. Endocrine, nutritional and ...
1987: Foundation of the Surgical Infection Society - Europe. 1987: The Artificial Bur Fascia Prosthesis, a temporary abdominal ... he is mostly known for his work relating to intra-abdominal infections, abdominal compartment syndrome abdominal compartment ... Infection 19:S345-350, 1991. Wittmann DH, Condon RE. Prophylaxis of postoperative infections. Infection, 19;S337-343, 1991. ... Chemotherapeutic principles in difficult-to-treat infections in surgery. II. Bone and joint infections. Infection 8:330-333, ...
J.E. Paulos indicated in a report about Gore-Tex usage in ACL reconstruction: "Early results of the Gore-Tex prosthesis used ... Biocompatibility is related to new tissue ingrowth, fibroblast migration, osseointegration of bone, reduction of inflammation, ... Mechanical failure, effusions, and infections continue to occur". At the time, the materials used in artificial ligaments could ... Approved by FDA in 1986 and adopted in clinics later, Gore-Tex cruciate ligament prosthesis demonstrated low rates of ...
... such as corneal infections, corneal injuries, tear disorders, corneal dystrophy and other degenerative disorders. The ... the Ocular Prosthesis department specializes in customized solutions which enhance appearance and confidence of patients. • ... diagnose and offer right procedural corrections for cataract and cataract related eye disorders. • Cornea & Refractive Services ...
Biocompatibility is related to the behavior of biomaterials in various environments under various chemical and physical ... possible infection, and impact on the lifespan of the implant. Graft versus host disease is an auto- and alloimmune disorder, ... Modern medical devices and prostheses are often made of more than one material, so it might not always be sufficient to talk ... for eye surgery Bone cement Artificial ligaments and tendons Dental implants for tooth fixation Blood vessel prostheses Heart ...
Infections by some strains of Papillomaviridae carry some risk of laryngeal carcinoma. People with a history of head and neck ... Voice prosthesis "Larynx Cancer Factsheet" (PDF). Global Cancer Observatory. Retrieved 8 November 2019. GBD 2013 Mortality and ... and this is believed to be related to decreased cigarette smoking in the general population. Laryngeal cancer is listed as a " ... "Human papillomavirus infections in laryngeal cancer". Head & Neck. Head Neck. 33 (4): 581-6. doi:10.1002/hed.21421. PMID ...
Most authors do not consider infective endocarditis as a valve-related failure and do not include cases of infection in such ... Ed)Proceedings of the Cardiac Prostheses Symposium III, Montreux, Switzerland Shiley Inc. (1986) Irvine, California, pages 17- ... The very few cases reported have not been thoroughly investigated as far as the cause or the contributing factors, related or ... D): This group considers that in its hands the pericardial valves were more prone to infection than the porcine valves, and ...
The cause is usually a bacterial infection, but rarely can be a fungal infection. It may occur by spread from the blood or from ... Some studies of children with acute osteomyelitis report that antibiotic by mouth may be justified due to PICC-related ... Gallium scans are 100% sensitive for osteomyelitis but not specific, and may be helpful in patients with metallic prostheses. ... Mixed infections are the rule rather than the exception. Systemic mycotic (fungal) infections may also cause osteomyelitis. The ...
The rationale for this is that any surgery will result in some scar tissue that could be the focus of infection. The infections ... A titanium prosthesis is surgically embedded into the skull with a small abutment exposed outside the skin. A sound processor ... Complications of BAHA systems can be considered as either related to the bone (hard tissue) or the soft tissue. Bone Failure of ... Patients with chronic ear infection where the drum and/or the small bones in the middle ear are damaged often have hearing loss ...
The risk of C. parapsilosis infection is increased in the setting of implanted medical devices, prostheses, and therapy with ... formation of pseudohyphae is another significant factor that changes the morphology and phenotype of colonies which is related ... Invasive infection occurs very often in low-birth weight newborn babies in the United States, and bloodstream infection found ... Ocular infection caused by C. parapsilosis has been reported after cataract extraction and with corticosteroid eye drop use. C ...
Therefore, visual prostheses are developed to restore vision for the blind by using the stimulation. Depending upon which ... Also to reduce the infection, data is transmitted wirelessly along with power. Inductively coupled coils are good candidates ... Retinal degenerative diseases, such as retinitis pigmentosa (RP) and age-related macular degeneration (AMD), are two likely ... Second Sight and the Humayun group at USC are the most active groups in the design of intraocular retinal prostheses. The ...
A prosthesis made up of Bioglass 45S5 was made to fit the patient and most of the prosthesis that were made were able to ... The patient went deaf due to at ear infection that degraded two of the three bones in her middle ear. An implant was designed ... The first 5 steps are related to the Bioglass response to the environment within the body, and occur rapidly at the material ... It also has shown that it is suitable to be used as a substrate for drug release when treating bone infection. However, there ...
These include infection, inflammatory reactions, the fracture of alloplastic implants and prostheses, loosening of implants or ... "Warfare-Related Craniectomy Defect Reconstruction: Early Success Using Custom Alloplast Implants". Plastic and Reconstructive ... Infection is predominant cause of removal of alloplastic implants. A disadvantage of the removal of an infected implant is that ... Infection can delay the surgical procedure of the alloplastic implant which would cause the patient to further endure the ...
Lower respiratory tract infections (bronchial and lung infections). Kidney infections and kidney failure. Carcinoma. ... Tongue bacteria produce malodourous compounds and fatty acids, and account for 80 to 90% of all cases of mouth-related bad ... inadequate denture hygiene practises such as failing to clean and remove the prosthesis each night, may cause a malodour from ... This nidus of infection can be a potential source for bad breath. Removal of the subgingival calculus (i.e. tartar or hard ...
Some research has been conducted in potentially using the prosthesis to help treat chronic pain related to failed back syndrome ... This is in turn puts the patient at further risk for more complications such as a urinary tract infection. Giles Brindley ... Vaidyanathan, Subramanium; Bakul M Soni; Tun Oo; Peter L Hughes; Paul Mansour; Gurpreet Singh (December 2009). "Infection of ... the root stimulator can be used in patients who have lost proper bowel function due to damaged neurons related to ...
A related term is meromelia, which is the partial absence of a limb or limbs. The term is from Greek ἀ- "lack of" plus μέλος ( ... A prosthesis can be given to compensate for the missing limb(s). Amniotic band constriction Dysmelia Hemimelia Phocomelia ... In a few cases, amelia may be attributed to health complications during the early stages of pregnancy, including infection, ...
Based on the New Approach, rules that relate to safety and performance of medical devices were harmonised in the EU in the ... Recipients of this typically suffered infection at the entrance of the electrodes, which led to the subsequent trial of the ... and prostheses. Items as intricate as housings for cochlear implants are manufactured through the deep drawn and shallow drawn ... to clarify what kind of mobile apps related to health would not be regulated, and which would be.[61][62] ...
Main article: Visual prosthesis. A 2008 study tested the effect of using gene therapy to help restore the sight of patients ... About 90% of people who are visually impaired live in the developing world.[3] Age-related macular degeneration, glaucoma, and ... Uveitis: is a group of 30 intraocular inflammatory diseases[44] caused by infections, systemic diseases, organ-specific ... Childhood blindness can be caused by conditions related to pregnancy, such as congenital rubella syndrome and retinopathy of ...
new HIV infections are on the rise, and Cuba's preventive measures appear not to be keeping pace with conditions that favour ... "Patients pay for drugs, hearing, dental, and orthopedic prostheses, wheelchairs, crutches, and similar items but prices are low ... cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality have been related to sustained population-wide weight loss as a result of ... Education in Cuba concerning issues of HIV infection and AIDS is implemented by the Cuban National Center for Sex Education. ...
Although relatively infrequent (varying from .06% to 8.9%) infection of a penile prosthesis results in serious medical ... Techniques and related procedures[edit]. There are four different techniques for phalloplasty. All of the techniques involve ... Erectile) prosthesis change (from complications). *(Erectile) prosthesis explantation (removal of the prosthesis without ... Carson, CC (2004). "Efficacy of antibiotic impregnation of inflatable penile prostheses in decreasing infection in original ...
A Systematic Review of the Literature". Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research. 468: 199-208. doi:10.1007/s11999-009-0987-3 ... "The mechanics of the knee and prosthesis design". Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. 60B (3): 358-69. PMID 581081 ... previous or current infections of the foot;. *vascular disease or severe neurologic disorders; ... to guarantee longevity of the implant, which is mainly related to wear resistance; ...
See also: Infection. Infections may be caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites. The pathogen that causes the disease ... Some bacteria are able to form biofilms by adhering to surfaces on implanted devices such as catheters and prostheses and ... Biosynthetic Conclusions from the Functional Dissection of Oxygenases for Biosynthesis of Actinorhodin and Related Streptomyces ... Some infections can be dealt with by the body's own immune system, but more serious infections are treated with antimicrobial ...
Not all hair loss is related to what is known as male pattern baldness, women can suffer from baldness just as men do. Formulas ... However, not all scalp disorders are a result of bacterial infections. Some arise inexplicably, and often only the symptoms can ... Hair prosthesis. *Hair transplantation. *Hair washing. *No poo. References[edit]. *^ The World of Hair, A Scientific Companion ... Scalp skin can suffer from infestations of mites, lice, infections of the follicles or fungus. There could be allergic ...
For background information on data-related aspects in health informatics see, e.g., the book "Biomedical Informatics"[84] by ... and design of prostheses.[48] The use of computers (IBM 650, 1620, and 7040) allowed analysis of a large sample size, and of ... prevention of infection and epidemic diseases, vaccination and immunization of the population on a socially protected basis. ... Zhang Y, Xu Y, Shang L, Rao K (August 2007). "An investigation into health informatics and related standards in China". ...
Tooth and Prosthesis Related Factors. Peri-Implant Diseases and Conditions:. Peri-Implant Health. Peri-Implant Mucositis. Peri- ... Thus, antibiotics are not generally used in the treatment of periodontal disease unlike other bacterial infections around the ... A. Localised tooth-related factors that modify or predispose to plaque-induced gingival diseases/periodontitis. B. Mucogingival ... During this phase, any defects need to be restored with removable or fixed through dental prosthesis, prosthodontics, or other ...
Chyle is rich in protein and white blood cells that are important in fighting infection. The loss of chyle into the chest can ... and treatments related to rare lung diseases. Patient organisations have been founded in several countries world wide. The main ... Surgical resection Radiation therapy Sclerotherapy Percutaneous bone cement Bone graft Prosthesis Surgical stabilization ... These complications or their symptoms, such as difficulty breathing, chest pain, poor growth or weight loss, and infection have ...
Inflammation and infection[edit]. Inflammation of the trachea is known as tracheitis, usually due to an infection. It is ... "Evaluation and Treatment for Tracheoesophageal Puncture and Prosthesis: Technical Report". American Speech-Language-Hearing ... with bacterial infections occurring almost entirely in children.[8] Most commonly, infections occur with inflammation of other ... Infection with bacteria usually affects the trachea only and can cause narrowing or even obstruction. As a major part of the ...
Ethical issues relating to "intersexuality".Opinion No. 20/2012 (PDF). 2012. Berne. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2015-04 ... Testicular prostheses are saline-filled plastic ovoids implanted in the scrotum. They have no function except to provide the ... Potential surgical problems: Foreign body reactions, rarely with infection or erosion of scrotal skin, are minimal but ... Ethical issues relating to "intersexuality".Opinion No. 20/2012 (PDF). 2012. Berne.. ...
These advantages of DHA were confirmed by a number of studies,[45][46][47] relating to the comparative analysis of digital ... pathway or if the client suffers from continual infections in the ear. Spectacle aids come in two forms, bone conduction ... Devices similar to hearing aids include the osseointegrated auditory prosthesis (formerly called the bone anchored hearing aid ... which relates "to the safety and effectiveness of the device."[57] Inconsistent state regulation is preempted under the federal ...
"Clinical Microbiology and Infection. 7 (4): 213-217. doi:10.1046/j.1469-0691.2001.00210.x. ISSN 1198-743X. PMID 11422244.. ... Cause Related Therapy[edit]. This stage involves discussion of the disease with the patient. ... and how to clean removable prostheses. These intra-oral appliances should also be well-designed and fitting.[44] ... In some patients, the disease may burnout without any cause-related therapy.[25] ...
The rationale for this is that any surgery will result in some scar tissue that could be the focus of infection. The infections ... A titanium prosthesis is surgically embedded into the skull with a small abutment exposed outside the skin. A sound processor ... Complications of BAHA systems can be considered as either related to the bone (hard tissue) or the soft tissue.[3] ... Patients with chronic ear infection where the drum and/or the small bones in the middle ear are damaged often have hearing loss ...
This can be inherited as an autosomal recessive fashion and may suffer from chronic infection in later life.[4] ... Usually, malformations are treated with surgery, although artificial prostheses are also sometimes used.[5] ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to Outer ear.. Retrieved from " ... infection. Such defects include: *A preauricular fistula, which is a long narrow tube, usually near the tragus. ...
... possible side effects of a mastectomy include wound infection, hematoma (buildup of blood in the wound), and the seroma ( ...
"Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research. 469 (9): 2432-2439. doi:10.1007/s11999-010-1733-6. ISSN 0009-921X. PMC 3148354. ... As this point, the surgeon can remove the arthritic portions of the joint and then secure the ball and socket prostheses within ... Besides not wanting to risk the usual risks of surgery such as infection, shoulder replacement can lead to a variety of ... Various materials can be used to make prostheses, however the majority consist of a metal ball that rotates within a ...
The studies Experience with Anatomical Soft Cohesive Silicone gel Prosthesis in Cosmetic and Reconstructive Breast Implant ... Furthermore, complications and re-operations related to the implantation surgery, and to tissue expanders (implant place- ... recurring infections, endocrine problems (thyroid, adrenals, etc.), and more.[77][78][79][80][81][82] ... A breast implant is a prosthesis used to change the size, shape, and contour of a woman's breast. In reconstructive plastic ...
Treatment of MRSA infection is urgent and delays can be fatal.[19]:328 The location and history related to the infection ... People with indwelling implants, prostheses, drains, and catheters[1][5]. *People who are frequently in crowded places, ... Other infections[edit]. Treatment is not standardized for other instances of MRSA infection in a wide range of tissues. ... Locker rooms, gyms, and related athletic facilities offer potential sites for MRSA contamination and infection.[29] Athletes ...
In some cases the infection can can progress to become a full-blown case of mastitis or breast infection.[31] In some cases, if ... Changes in appearance may be normal or related to disease. *Inverted nipples - This is normal if the nipples have always been ... Nipple prosthesis for breast cancer survivors. *Nipple piercing. *Supernumerary (third) nipple. *Udder ... The infant will transmit the infection to the mother. Most of the time, this infection is localized to the area of the nipple. ...
Infection is rare, but, when it does occur, it might progress to become an abscess requiring the surgical drainage of the pus, ... As there are no unwanted fractures with piezo instruments, the risk of defects related to bone instability is very low ... For augmenting the nasal dorsum, autologous cartilage and bone grafts are preferred to (artificial) nose prostheses, because of ... Venereal infection - e.g., syphilis. Ultrasonic rhinoplasty versus traditional rhinoplastyEdit. Recently, ultrasonic ...
Implant-supported prosthesis - a combination of dentures and implants; bases are placed into the bone, allowed to heal, and ... Pulpotomy - the opening of the pulp chamber of the tooth to allow an infection to drain; usually a precursor to a root canal ... Implants and implant-supported prosthesis - also an orthodontic treatment as it involves bones ...
the repair of a cystocele using a graft or prosthesis[3][6] ... Urinary tract infections occurred in 32% of those treated.[4] ... List of transgender-related topics. *Enterocele. *Sigmoidocele. References[edit]. *^ a b c Baggish, p. 779-798. ...
General medical complications of mastopexy include bleeding, infection, and the secondary effects of the anaesthesia. Specific ... Mastopexy by internal surgical approach applies to the woman who has undergone explantation of breast prostheses. In operative ... which is related to the achievable degree of breast-lift. Pre-operatively, the patient and the surgeon decide upon the ... In the combined mastopexy-augmentation procedure, wherein the breast prosthesis is emplaced to a submuscular implant pocket, an ...
... bloodstream infections, endocarditis, bone and joint infections, and meningitis caused by methicillin-resistant S. aureus.[4] ... Surgical prophylaxis for major procedures involving implantation of prostheses in institutions with a high rate of MRSA or MRSE ... Due to the different mechanism by which Gram-negative bacteria produce their cell walls and the various factors related to ... Vancomycin is an antibiotic used to treat a number of bacterial infections.[3] It is recommended intravenously as a treatment ...
Findings related to RP have often been characterized in the fundus of the eye as the "ophthalamic triad". This includes the ... The Argus retinal prosthesis became the first approved treatment for the disease in February 2011, and is currently available ... Retinitis pigmentosa, X-linked, and sinorespiratory infections, with or without deafness Pathophysiology[edit]. ... A visual prosthesis may be an option in certain people with severe disease.[1] It is estimated to affect 1 in 4,000 people.[1] ...
The concept of infection was unknown until relatively modern times. The first progress in combating infection was made in 1847 ... "Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research. 468 (8): 2012-16. doi:10.1007/s11999-010-1320-x. PMC 2895849. PMID 20361283.. ... Many other types of prostheses are used.. *creation of a stoma, a permanent or semi-permanent opening in the body ... Infection and antisepsis[edit]. Unfortunately, the introduction of anesthetics encouraged more surgery, which inadvertently ...
Oral sex is not risk free and results in a significant proportion of HPV-related head and neck cancer. Positive HPV16 status is ... The defect is typically covered/improved by using another part of the body and/or skin grafts and/or wearing a prosthesis. ... Squamous cell cancers of the tonsils are more strongly associated with human papillomavirus infection than are cancers of other ... Cure rates decrease in locally advanced cases, whose probability of cure is inversely related to tumor size and even more so to ...
... dusting off skills related to critical care, or […] ... Late onset tuberculous infection of prosthesis following Mesh ... We present a rare case of late onset of tuberculous infection of mesh presenting with entero cutaneous fistula and mesh eroding ...
... antistaphylococcal agents in patients with methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus catheter-related bloodstream infection ( ... Valvular prosthesis. 0 (0.0). 1 (2.3). 0.9. 1 (1.4). 0 (0.0). 0.9. ... MSSA CRBSI: methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus catheter-related bloodstream infection.. †Some patients could be ... High MICs for Vancomycin and Daptomycin and Complicated Catheter-Related Bloodstream Infections with Methicillin-Sensitive ...
Infection. Communicable Diseases. Prosthesis-Related Infections. Joint Diseases. Musculoskeletal Diseases. Postoperative ... Prosthesis-Related Infections Infection Postoperative Complications Pathologic Processes Device: Closed Incision Negative ... has a systemic active infection at the time of revision not including chronic viral infections such as HIV or hepatitis ... has a remote-site skin infection at the time of revision. *was tattooed on the area of the incision within 30 days prior to ...
Prosthesis Related Infections. Intervention ICMJE Radiation: [124I]FIAU This is a single dose study of 2 mCi [124I]FIAU in ... single dose study of [124I]FIAU in healthy volunteers or subjects with prosthetic joint infection who will undergo PET-CT ... Biodistribution and Dosimetry of [124i]FIAU in Patients With Prosthetic Joint Infection of The Knee or Hip and Healthy Subjects ... In addition, the following main inclusion criteria apply for subjects with suspected prosthetic joint infection:. *Operative ...
Prosthesis-Related Infections / microbiology* * Prosthesis-Related Infections / mortality * Prosthesis-Related Infections / ...
Penile prosthesis implantation remains a mainstay for treatment of erectile dysfunction unresponsive to other less-invasive ... Prosthesis Design * Prosthesis-Related Infections / microbiology * Prosthesis-Related Infections / prevention & control* * Risk ... Penile prosthesis infection: approaches to prevention and treatment Urol Clin North Am. 2011 May;38(2):227-35. doi: 10.1016/j. ... As the improved design of prostheses has led to their increased mechanical survival, other complications, such as infection, ...
Biofilms in device-related infections. J. Ind. Microbiol. 15:141-147.. OpenUrlCrossRefPubMedWeb of Science ... Directly after removal of the prostheses from the artificial throat, prostheses were stained for 15 min in the dark at room ... As can be seen, the biofilm on the untreated prosthesis is thicker than those on the coated prostheses. The high magnifications ... Tracheoesophageal shunt prostheses."Ultra Low Resistance" silicone rubber Groningen button tracheoesophageal shunt prostheses ...
Joint prosthesis-related infection. This infection has a mean incidence in Spain of 3-4%, which is probably underestimated. ... Biofilm-related infections represent a serious health problem, accounting for 65-80% of all infections. The infections are ... Microbiological diagnosis of biofilm-related infections. The diagnosis of biofilm-related infections is complex and should ... 18 Diagnosis of joint prosthesis-related infection continues to be a challenge. The criteria for chronic late infection are ...
Prosthesis-Related Infections * Rheumatoid Arthritis * Scoliosis * Sports Medicine * Surgery * Hospital Affiliations. Della ...
Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation. 3. 2016. 1164. 0.380. Why? Prosthesis-Related Infections. 1. 2012. 421. 0.370. Why? ...
Individuals with sleep related breathing disorders more prone to heart disease. 4. And now they say infections can cause heart ... And now they say infections can cause heart disease!!!!. 6. Award for TTK Chitra heart valve prosthesis. 7. Eat greens to have ... Related medicine news :. 1. Cartoons to Indicate Aggressiveness in Urban School Girls. 2. Starvation in pregnant women can ...
Individuals with sleep related breathing disorders more prone to heart disease. 7. And now they say infections can cause heart ... And now they say infections can cause heart disease!!!!. 9. Award for TTK Chitra heart valve prosthesis. 10. Eat greens to have ... Related medicine news :. 1. Being Lonely is gene regulated 2. Too Much PC Gaming Makes Children Lonely and Sick. 3. Adults Who ...
Aortic stent-graft infections (ASGIs) are associated with significant mortality. We report our experience of two cases of ASGI ... Prosthesis-Related Infections / microbiology, radiography, therapy*. Stents / adverse effects*. Streptococcus / isolation & ... Blood Vessel Prosthesis / adverse effects*. Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation / adverse effects*, instrumentation. Candida ... RESULTS: Computed tomographic scan follow-up at 6 months from surgery showed no evidence of recurrent infection. CONCLUSION: ...
Device-related Complications 1 * Prostheses and Implants 1 * Discontinuities, Gaps, and Hand-Off Problems 1 ... How active resisters and organizational constipators affect health care-acquired infection prevention efforts. Get Citation ...
Device-related Complications 1 * Prostheses and Implants 1 * Surgical Complications * Postoperative Surgical Complications * ... Improving the Measurement of Surgical Site Infection Risk Stratification/Outcome Detection: Final Contract Report. Price CS, ... This report explores techniques to detect and monitor surgical site infections (SSIs), evaluates a computer-assisted algorithm ... The project employed models and tools to implement surgical site infection prevention strategies. Participants reported ...
... is also closely related to the bacterium identified about 10 years ago as the cause of cat scratch disease ... Opportunistic Infections. Opportunistic infections are microbial infections that can cause disease in persons with a weak ... ... Prosthesis Should Adapt Device Settings to Suit Real-world Tasks. Astrocytes Play an Important Role in Neuronal Development, ... But when I saw this patient, this type of infection had never been seen at UCSF, and the bacterium causing the infection was ...
Categories: Prosthesis-Related Infections Image Types: Photo, Illustrations, Video, Color, Black&White, PublicDomain, ...
A new study in todays issue of the Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery found minimal risk for severe infection with ... Thirty-one patients had no side effects or complications related to the osseointegration system. ... We can confidently say that this type of prosthesis is a viable choice and the new infection classification system, developed ... Study Finds Minimal Risk for Serious Infection With in-Bone Prosthesis. June 1, 2016 ...
Doctors typically treat fractures and internal prosthesis complications with another surgery. They treat infections with long- ... Other possible late effects for children treated for osteosarcoma are related to the type of chemotherapy received. The most ... Problems with an internal prosthesis, which is an artificial body part, such as an artificial knee ...
Related Documents : 11486305 - New developments in diagnosis and treatment of infection in orthopedic implants.. 22143295 - New ... Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported*. Esthetics, Dental*. Humans. Jaw, Edentulous / classification*, rehabilitation*. Maxilla ... total ossicular replacement prostheses with a resilient joint: experimental data fr.... 19153295 - Image-guided titanium ...
Infection. Fatigue fracture of the femoral prosthesis. Fracture of the femur. Implant-related osteosarcoma ... There must be no established source of bacteraemia which might promote infection around the prosthesis (e.g., periodontal ... there is more risk of infection and there may be inadequate muscular support for the prosthesis. ... The use of uncemented prostheses has also been reported (De Young et al, 1992) and more recently the Zurich Cementless ( ...
Related Articles. *HOW SAFE IS YOUR DENTIST? Born, David O. // Saturday Evening Post;Jul/Aug87, Vol. 259 Issue 5, p28 Discusses ... A letter to the editor is presented in response to an article about universal precautions in dentistry to control infection in ... There is risk that the prosthesis may slip during adjustment or cementation of Cast partial RPDs, Crown, Bridge, Onlay, Inlay, ... Accepting the Need for "Overkill" in Infection Control. . Zucchiatti, Joe // Journal of the Canadian Dental Association;Jul/ ...
Sonication improved the diagnosis of orthopedic implant-associated infections (OIAI). We investigated the diagnostic ... Prosthesis failure within 2 years of implantation is highly predictive of infection.. *María Eugenia Portillo, Margarita ... Accuracy of Tissue and Sonication Fluid Sampling for the Diagnosis of Fracture-Related Infection: A Systematic Review and ... C-reactive protein may misdiagnose prosthetic joint infections, particularly chronic and low-grade infections. *Daniel Pérez- ...
INFECTION Causes, Patient Concerns and Latest Treatments and Mirtazapine Reports and Side Effects. ... Infection. Conditions: Prosthesis-Related Infection. s; Arthroplasty. Interventions: Procedure: Betadine Lavage; Procedure: ... Infection. Conditions: Osteoarthritis; Knee Infection. ; Prosthetic Joint Infection. ; Complications; Arthroplasty, Infection. ... Viral Infections, such as cytomegalovirus (CMV) and hepatitis C. *Fungal Infections, like yeast Infections, cryptococcal ...
TJA - Total Joint Arthroplasty; PJI - Prosthetic Joint Infection. The p ... Prosthesis-Related Infections/genetics*. *Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics*. Minor. *Adult. *Case-Control Studies ... Background: Prosthetic joint infection (PJI) is an important failure mechanism of total joint arthroplasty (TJA). Here we ... Background: Prosthetic joint infection (PJI) is an important failure mechanism of total joint arthroplasty (TJA). Here we ...
increasing its susceptibility to nitric oxide.452 I Otitis speech valve prostheses. In another study. Sodium nitrite also has ... and chronic infections Chronic rhinosinusitis Cystic fibrosis-related respiratory infections Otitis media Device-related ... biofi lm-related upper airway infections may promote lower pulmonary infections and aggravate other chronic pulmonary ... growth of bacterial colonies Device-related infections Definitive treatment for established biofilm-related device infection is ...
... angle among a plurality of tilt angles relative to an elongate direction of said shaft to substantially match said prosthesis ... A variable tilt angle shoulder prosthesis includes a variable tilt angle, comprising a head component including a proximal ... This invention relates generally to a a variable tilt angle shoulder prosthesis comprising a head component having a socket ... credited with the first complication and revision when he removed the prosthesis 2 years later because of recurrent infection. ...
The present invention provides a urethral prosthesis including a first and a second arm that join to form a junction, and a ... REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS. The present application is a continuation of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 10/923,914, ... These additional procedures may subject the patient to increased risk of infection and may also make the procedure more costly ... First, the prosthesis may be implanted in a variety of orientations in a patient. Second, the prosthesis may include portions ...
  • As the improved design of prostheses has led to their increased mechanical survival, other complications, such as infection, have emerged as the leading causes of implant failure. (
  • Thirty-one patients had no side effects or complications related to the osseointegration system. (
  • Twenty-six patients had no infection, but reported other complications such as problems with the orthopaedic hardware, problems with skin and soft tissue, or fracture of the femur bone. (
  • Doctors typically treat fractures and internal prosthesis complications with another surgery. (
  • Possible complications for these procedures include bleeding and infection. (
  • Although no flap-related complications occurred, nine patients underwent a total of 48 additional revision procedures during the study period. (
  • The high number of patients who experienced recurrence of infection and loss of their prosthesis or limb likely reflects the complexity of the cases rather than flap coverage complications. (
  • There were 12 postoperative complications within 30 days of the procedure including urinary tract infections (6), SPC exit site infection (2), SPC blockage (2) and catheter expulsion (2). (
  • 12 , 13 , 14 ] In a descriptive report of 552 patients who had undergone reoperative prosthetic valve surgery, 23 patients (4%) had complications related to opening. (
  • To unify and organize reporting, an International Urogynecological Association (IUGA)/International Continence Society (ICS) expert consortium published terminology guidelines with a classification system for complications related to implants used in female pelvic surgery. (
  • Infectious complications related to regional anesthesia are rare. (
  • While we have to work on reducing infectious complications associated with regional anesthesia because of the potential severe individual consequences, some studies demonstrate a reduction of surgical site infections with the use of local anesthesia-opening the research arena regarding whether the avoidance of general anesthesia, intrinsic properties of local anesthetics, or a combination of both is responsible for this observation. (
  • The objective of this chapter is to summarize information from the literature on infections complications associated with regional anesthesia, as well as to discuss the mechanism and suggest strategies to prevent these complications. (
  • Gritsenko and coworkers analyzed the charts of 474 patients who underwent removal of an infected hip or knee prosthesis under neuraxial anesthesia and found in 0.6% of the cases clinical signs of central neuraxial infections (meningitis or epidural abscess) and three other anesthesia-related complications, including a psoas abscess beside an epidural hematoma and back pain. (
  • Osseointegrated titanium implants for limb prostheses attachments: infectious complications. (
  • A new study in today's issue of the Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery found minimal risk for severe infection with osseointegrated implants--a newer prosthetic system, press-fitted directly into the femur bone--that enables bone growth over a metal, robotic prosthetic limb in patients with above knee amputations. (
  • Over the past 20 years, osseointegrated implants--or implants that grow directly into the bone--have emerged, and while most patients do well with these implants, concerns persist about the risk for serious infection. (
  • For each patient, the procedure was performed in two stages: first, a porous-coated implant was placed in the femur bone, and second, a stoma, or opening, was created to attach the prosthesis. (
  • If the patient has an uneven gait, or pattern of walking, the debris particles tend to form at a faster rate because one side of the prosthesis will tend to pull away from the bone and the other side will be pushed further into the bone. (
  • The inflammatory response begins to dissolve the bone around the prosthesis in a process known as osteolysis. (
  • As the osteolysis continues, bone loss accelerates and the prosthesis eventually comes loose. (
  • We privilege the utilization or innovative materials such as porous titanium and ceramic, in addition to less voluminous prostheses, capable of reducing the quantity of bone which needs to be forgone in order to implant the prosthesis itself. (
  • The total ankle replacement system includes the calcaneus in fixation of a lower prosthesis body, thereby significantly increasing the amount of bone available for fixation of the lower prosthesis body and allowing the lower prosthesis body to be anchored with screws. (
  • S. epidermidis is one of the most involved pathogens in bone infections and nonunions [ 2 ] creating a protective niche from antimicrobial treatments [ 3 ]. (
  • Hence, alternative prophylaxis strategies need to be assessed not only to prevent bacterial infections but also to support the bone repair. (
  • Treatment of deep infection of the hip associated with massive bone loss: two-stage revision with an antibiotic-loaded interim cement prosthesis followed by reconstruction with allograft. (
  • Allograft bone in two-stage revision of the hip for infection. (
  • 4. The joint prosthesis according to claim 3 wherein said retaining members are aligned along said first and second bone fixation surfaces. (
  • 10. The aggregate prosthesis according to claim 8 wherein said first and second bone fixation surfaces include porous members integral with said surfaces. (
  • What is a bone infection (osteomyelitis)? (
  • A bone infection, also called osteomyelitis, can result when bacteria or fungi invade a bone. (
  • In children, bone infections most commonly occur in the long bones of the arms and legs. (
  • Bone infections can happen suddenly or develop over a long period of time. (
  • If they're not properly treated, bone infections can leave a bone permanently damaged. (
  • Many organisms, most commonly Staphylococcus aureus , travel through the bloodstream and can cause a bone infection. (
  • The most common cause of bone infections is S. aureus bacteria. (
  • Your doctor may use several methods to diagnose your condition if you have any symptoms of a bone infection. (
  • There are several options your doctor may use to treat your bone infection. (
  • Antibiotics may be all that's necessary to cure your bone infection. (
  • Sometimes bone infections require surgery. (
  • Chronic infections of the bone, however, may take longer to treat and heal, especially if they require surgery. (
  • Bone infection is most often caused by bacteria. (
  • The infection can start in another part of the body and spread to the bone through the blood. (
  • The infection can also start after bone surgery. (
  • The goal of treatment is to get rid of the infection and reduce damage to the bone and surrounding tissues. (
  • Bone and joint infections. (
  • The bone cement may be prepackaged in a syringe, or may be molded for use in connection with a particular prosthesis, or may be packaged unitarily with a prosthesis. (
  • The present invention is related to improved bone cements and methods for preparing such bone cements. (
  • More particularly, the present invention is directed to improved polymethylmethacrylate bone cements for securing metal and plastic prostheses to bone and to the methods of preparing such bone cements. (
  • In these procedures, the prosthesis is typically cemented in place by use of a polymethylmethacrylate bone cement. (
  • CONCLUSIONS: Despite frequent colonization around the skin-implant interface by potentially virulent bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus and bacteria associated with biomedical device infections such as coagulase-negative staphylococci, this titanium implant system for bone-anchored prostheses caused few infections leading to disability or implant removal. (
  • The HIV-positive patient, a woman born in 1925, tested negative for HIV before placement of a total hip prosthesis with bone graft (a prolonged operation) performed by the surgeon in 1992. (
  • This may be due to the bone having been subjected to a major trauma in connection with a traffic accident for example, or a tumour or infection causing a major bone defect. (
  • Penile prosthesis implantation remains a mainstay for treatment of erectile dysfunction unresponsive to other less-invasive methods. (
  • The implantation of joint endoprostheses (arthroplasty) is associated with an increased risk for infection. (
  • Infections resulting from the implantation of prosthetic devices. (
  • The absorbable antibacterial envelope contains the antimicrobial agents rifampin and minocycline, which have been shown to reduce infection in an in vivo model of bacterial challenge following surgical implantation of the generator or defibrillator. (
  • When early infections occur, within 4 weeks of implantation, the implant can be left in place with a high probability of cure whereas late infections require prosthesis revision to eradicate the infection [ 3 , 4 ]. (
  • The living cells are then eliminated from the scaffolds, resulting in an "off-the-shelf" human matrix-based prosthesis ready for implantation. (
  • The living cells are then eliminated from the scaffolds resulting in an "off-the-shelf" human matrix-based prostheses ready for implantation. (
  • Infections can occur during the surgical procedure or hematogenously, even years after the implantation. (
  • Using a new infection classification system, researchers tracked adverse events in 86 patients (91 implants) who received a 'press-fit' osseointegrated implant between 2009 and 2013. (
  • A classification system of patients for esthetic fixed implant-supported prostheses in the edentulous maxilla. (
  • Improved diagnosis of orthopedic implant-associated infection by inoculation of sonication fluid into blood culture bottles. (
  • Sonication improved the diagnosis of orthopedic implant-associated infections (OIAI). (
  • Very few case reports have linked this organism to orthopaedic implant infections (Table 1). (
  • Implant survival, recurrence of infection, and limb survival were reported. (
  • In addition to traditional, prosthetic interventions for arthrosis, we also employ innovative, navigation-guided prosthetic techniques, and we implant prostheses in case of arthrosis with severe varus or valgus knee deformities. (
  • Aetna considers ceramic prostheses (e.g., the Moje implant) experimental and investigational for replacement of the first metatarsal phalangeal joint and for other indications because their long-term effectiveness has not been established. (
  • Aetna considers modular implants (e.g., the Arthrex metatarsal phalangeal joint implant, the Cartiva Synthetic Cartilage Implant, the METIS prosthesis, the OsteoMed ReFlexion 1st MTP Implant System, and the ToeFit-Plus prosthesis) experimental and investigational for replacement of the first metatarsal phalangeal joint and for other indications because their long-term effectiveness has not been established. (
  • If a prosthetic implant is to be used, the double-stemmed, hinged silastic implant with protective titanium grommets, or a metallic hemi-arthroplasty prosthesis, appear to be the 2 best choices of implant. (
  • To improve the diagnosis of prosthetic joint infections of standard arthroplasties, several techniques for the detection of biofilm-related infections, such as sonication and treatment of the removed implant with dithiothreitol, have recently been developed. (
  • The invention relates to an antimicrobial implant with a flexible porous structure composed of a biocompatible synthetic material which comprises particles of at least one antimicrobial agent. (
  • We compared periprosthetic tissue culture to implant sonication followed by sonicate fluid culture for the diagnosis of prosthetic shoulder infection. (
  • We demonstrated that the culture of samples obtained by sonication of the implant was more sensitive than the culture of periprosthetic tissue for the diagnosis of prosthetic hip and knee infections ( 22 ). (
  • We also evaluated the bacterial flora at the skin-penetration area and its relation to the development of local and implant-related infection. (
  • RESULTS: The frequency of implant infection was 5% at inclusion and 18% at followup. (
  • One patient with infection recovered owing to antibiotic treatment and another patient had the implant removed. (
  • Most implant infections had low infectious activity, and in five of the seven patients with infections, prosthetic use was not affected. (
  • The present invention relates to an expandable prosthetic implant device for engagement between vertebrae generally comprising an inner member, outer member, and gear member positioned coaxial with respect to each other such that the inner and outer members are moveable relative to each other along an. (
  • Conversion of an excision arthroplasty to a THR should not be recommended, calcar support for the prosthesis is removed by excision arthroplasty, there is more risk of infection and there may be inadequate muscular support for the prosthesis. (
  • Prosthetic joint infection (PJI) is an important failure mechanism of total joint arthroplasty (TJA). (
  • Knee revision surgery, which is also known as revision total knee arthroplasty , is a procedure in which the surgeon removes a previously implanted artificial knee joint, or prosthesis, and replaces it with a new prosthesis. (
  • The presented report addresses the questions regarding the medical effectiveness, the cost-effectiveness as well as the ethical, social and legal aspects related to the use of interventions to prevent infections after knee arthroplasty. (
  • The analysis includes publications which describe and/or evaluate clinical data from randomized controlled trials (RCT), systematic reviews of RCT, registers of endoprostheses or databases concerning interventions to prevent infections after knee arthroplasty. (
  • The conducted literature search also aims to identify health-economic studies and publications dealing explicitly with ethical, social or legal aspects in the use of interventions to prevent infections after knee arthroplasty. (
  • The cost-effectiveness of different interventions to prevent infections in knee arthroplasty remains unclear. (
  • There are no signs for concern regarding any ethical, social and/or legal consequences in the use of interventions to prevent infections in knee arthroplasty. (
  • We reviewed 10 patients who had undergone two-stage reconstruction with massive structural allografts following failure of hip arthroplasty due to infection. (
  • Iontophoresed segmental allografts in revision arthroplasty for infection. (
  • Dr. Bryan Springer answers questions from ICJR about managing a total knee arthroplasty patient who has a deep periprosthetic joint infection, in part 2 of a 2-part series. (
  • ICJR: What are the options for managing total knee arthroplasty patients diagnosed with a periprosthetic joint infection (PJI)? (
  • Sherell et al [10] reported a 34% failure rate for 2-stage exchange arthroplasty in patients who had previously undergone open irrigation and débridement to treat an acute infection. (
  • Before 1990, no Bartonella infections had been identified in the U.S. The new discovery is the sixth species identified that can infect humans, said Jane Koehler, MD, professor of infectious diseases at UCSF and senior author on the new paper. (
  • These earlier investigations taught the researchers several important lessons: new diseases and new bacteria infecting humans are still being discovered, and it is important to carefully investigate the genetic make-up of all bacteria that appear in any new or unusual infection. (
  • This protocol will evaluate the biodistribution and dosimetry of [124I]FIAU in both healthy volunteers and patients with prosthetic joint infections. (
  • This is a single dose study of 2 mCi [124I]FIAU in healthy volunteers or subjects with prosthetic joint infection of the knee or hip who will undergo serial PET-CT scanning. (
  • Sonication of explanted prosthesis combined with incubation in BD bactec bottles for pathogen-based diagnosis of prosthetic joint infection. (
  • Advantages of sonication fluid culture for the diagnosis of prosthetic joint infection. (
  • Prosthetic joint infection. (
  • A case of Q fever prosthetic joint infection and description of an assay for detection of Coxiella burnetii. (
  • Variation in the IL1B, TNF and IL6 genes and individual susceptibility to prosthetic joint infection. (
  • CORR Insights ®: Is Treatment With Dithiothreitol More Effective Than Sonication for the Diagnosis of Prosthetic Joint Infection? (
  • For the diagnosis of prosthetic joint infection, real evidence-based guidelines to aid clinicians in choosing the most accurate diagnostic strategy are lacking. (
  • How do you accurately diagnose an early peri-prosthetic joint infection? (
  • Although total hip replacement (THR)?and total knee replacement (TKR) are two of the most successful operations in the UK, a peri-prosthetic joint infection (PJI) is a potentially devastating complication associated with high levels of patient morbidity, substantial financial costs and frustration for clinicians. (
  • The aim of this study was to evaluate the inhibitory effects of QAS and Biocidal ZF coatings against the development of a mixed fungal and bacterial biofilm on silicone rubber tracheoesophageal shunt prostheses in vitro, in order to develop new strategies for the prevention of microbial colonization of silicone rubber voice prostheses. (
  • Respiratory and related structures provide ideal environments for the development of bacterial biofilms, which predispose patients to recurrent and chronic infections. (
  • Understanding the nature of biofilms in common pediatric infections is essential to comprehending the expected course of bacterial illness and identifying treatments that are most likely to be beneficial against more resistant biofilms. (
  • Bacterial biofi lm development is increasingly recognized as a major factor in the development of recurring or chronic infections of respiratory and related structures in adult and pediatric patients. (
  • Bacterial infection of urinary bladder can cause pain and burning sensation while passing urine. (
  • Although surgical debridement remains the mainstay of treatment, identification of the bacterial isolate is necessary for diagnosis of the infection and optimum administration of antibiotics. (
  • Collections of conjunctival secretions and biofilm were performed on the prosthesis, anophthalmic cavity and contralateral eye for the mycological and bacterial analyses. (
  • More attention should be focused on the material whose characteristic could enable a delay in bacterial colonization, where an antibiotic therapy could be effective, without need of prosthesis removal. (
  • 1981) described the technique for THR in the dog using a Richards type 11 Canine Total Hip Prosthesis and reported satisfactory results in over 90 % of cases. (
  • Upon incubation in an artificial throat model, allowing simultaneous adhesion and growth of yeast and bacteria, all coated prostheses showed significant reductions in the numbers of viable yeast (to 12% to 16%) and bacteria (to 27% to 36%) compared with those for silicone rubber controls, as confirmed using confocal laser scanning microscopy after live/dead staining of the biofilms. (
  • Biofilms in Pediatric Respiratory and Related Infe. (
  • Biofilms are important for the persistence of chronic rhinosinusitis, pulmonary infections in cystic fibrosis, chronic otitis media, and device-related infections. (
  • Some evidence suggests that the surface roughness of ocular prostheses can influence interactions with micro-organisms, with greater prejudicial consequences, such as the establishment of biofilms, which could lead to infections. (
  • The poor sensitivity of the latter likely relates to the presence of bacteria in biofilms on the prosthesis surface, a site not well sampled when periprosthetic tissue samples for culture are obtained. (
  • Improvements in penile prosthesis design have extended the long-term survival of implants. (
  • This article focuses on approaches to prevention and treatment of penile prosthesis infection. (
  • Inflatable penile prosthesis is an effective surgical procedure to treat erectile dysfunction . (
  • For the patients, inflatable penile prosthesis with length restoration is one of the most rewarding procedures. (
  • Seoul, South Korea is one of the best destinations in the world where many medical tourists get successful penile prosthesis. (
  • There are a lot of centers that offer erectile dysfunction inflatable penile prosthesis treatment in Seoul, South Korea to choose from. (
  • See CPB 0031 - Cosmetic Surgery for criteria related to surgical repair of cosmetic disfigurement due to trauma). (
  • The use of any surgical mesh in a contaminated or infected wound could lead to fistula formation and extrusion of the prosthesis. (
  • The fact that comparable rates of success can be achieved with different treatment regimens emphasises the importance of surgical removal of all foreign materials and the radical debridement of all infected and ischaemic tissues and the contribution of these crucial procedures to the successful treatment of late periprosthetic infections. (
  • The structure performs hip prosthesis interventions through several surgical points of access, with special attention to mini-invasive surgical techniques, performed both anteriorly and postero-laterally, aiming to reduce surgical traumas on tissues and to accelerate rehabilitation. (
  • The novel surgical arthroscopic method allows introduction of ankle prostheses into the ankle joint through an exposure in the tibial tubercle. (
  • However, this surgical procedure could be associated with a risk of infection, fistula formation, and possibility of presence of chronic abdominal wall pain. (
  • This is due to extremely heterogeneous prognostic factors related not only to the material used but also to the surgical procedures and/or to the timing of the procedure. (
  • In patient #3, a surgical curettage of the infected wound was performed over the HA prosthesis. (
  • When an infection is present, the infection requires unique medical and surgical management, rendering an accurate diagnosis critical. (
  • Infection-control precautions were in accordance with recommendations, but blood contact between the surgeon and his patients occurred commonly during surgical procedures. (
  • Joint replacement, a surgical procedure to remove and replace an arthritic or damaged joint with an artificial joint (called a prosthesis), may be considered only after other treatment options have failed to provide adequate relief from pain and/or disability. (
  • 2. A shoulder prosthesis according to claim 1 , wherein said head component is configured to be mated with said proximal ball end of said humeral neck such as to be disposed at a selected set position among a plurality of positions lattitudinally relative to said proximal ball end for substantially matching said prosthesis to a natural tilt angle of a head component of a patient. (
  • 3. A shoulder prosthesis according to claim 2 , wherein said head component is configured to be rotated, after being mated with said humeral neck, in a latitudinal direction relative to said proximal ball end of said neck to a set position for substantially matching said prosthesis to a natural tilt angle of the humeral head component of a patient. (
  • 4. A shoulder prosthesis according to claim 1 , wherein said socket depression of the head component is hemispherical. (
  • 5. A shoulder prosthesis according to claim 1 , wherein said distal surface of the humeral component is planar. (
  • 6. A shoulder prosthesis according to claim 1 , wherein said proximal ball end of the humeral neck is hemispherical. (
  • 7. A shoulder prosthesis according to claim 1 , wherein said proximal ball end has an overhang that extends from the circumference of the humeral neck. (
  • 8. A variable tilt angle shoulder prosthesis according to claim 1 , further comprising a fin extending superiorly from an angled portion of the humeral neck. (
  • We also perform shoulder prosthesis interventions in case of severe arthrosis degeneration. (
  • What is the Cost of Inflatable Prosthesis with Length Restoration in Seoul, South Korea? (
  • Why You need a Good Doctor for Inflatable Prosthesis with Length Restoration in Seoul, South Korea? (
  • There are many reliable doctors for Inflatable Prosthesis with Length Restoration in Seoul, South Korea with extensive experience and knowledge. (
  • What Questions to Ask Before Doing Inflatable Prosthesis with Length Restoration in Seoul, South Korea? (
  • The ideal of female sexual responses are averaged over an inflatable prosthesis. (
  • Co-agulase negative staphylococci have become common cause of nosocomial infections, particularly blood stream infection [1] and infections related to prosthesis [2]. (
  • A positive alpha-defensin and high synovial CRP levels raise the suspicion of an acute periprosthetic joint infection. (
  • Discussion and Conclusion: Rotational muscle flaps were used to manage complicated soft-tissue defects in patients undergoing treatment for a periprosthetic joint infection after TKA. (
  • Although almost 40% of the patients experienced positive short-term to midterm limb salvage outcomes, our data show that periprosthetic joint infections are a severe complication of TKA that may be difficult to manage in patients with an overlying soft-tissue defect. (
  • Many concepts have been devised for the treatment of late periprosthetic infections of total hip prostheses. (
  • Periprosthetic infections occur with an incidence of less than 1% of patients but nevertheless are a serious complication of hip arthroplasties [ 1 , 2 ]. (
  • This long incubation period is necessary because the pathogens causing the periprosthetic infection usually occur in very small numbers in the form of a biofilm and are also often in a sessile state that is characterized by a slow rate of reproduction [ 8 , 10 - 13 ]. (
  • Periprosthetic tissue has been the specimen cultured for the microbiologic diagnosis of prosthetic shoulder infection. (
  • Successful surgery brings a high level of psychological outcome for the patients, but sometimes the procedure may fail due to infection. (
  • and in recent studies of three newly described species, Actinomyces turicensis was reported to be associated with genital, skin-related, and urinary tract infections, whereas Actinomyces radingae was found only in skin-related infections and Actinomyces europaeus was detected in patients with urinary tract infections ( 12 , 13 , 14 ). (
  • Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) and catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs) rank among the top five most expensive HAIs (Zimlichman, 2013). (
  • While the expense associated with treating CAUTIs is far lower than VAP and CLABSI, U.S. healthcare organizations still spend millions of dollars each year to treat these urinary tract infections (Zimlichman, 2013). (
  • They treat infections with long-term antibiotic therapy. (
  • A two-stage revision with a temporary antibiotic-impregnated cement spacer and a cemented prosthesis appears to be the most preferred procedure although, in recent times, there seems to be a trend towards cementless implants and a shorter period of antibiotic treatment. (
  • More often, doctors wait until the antibiotic course is finished and the infection has gone away. (
  • Following prosthesis retention management with antibiotic therapy, all patients revealed systemic and/or radiological signs of sepsis resolution at follow-up. (
  • The possibility to avoid a prosthesis removal with effective antibiotic treatment is mainly due to the combination of three factors: targeted antibiotic therapy, good anatomical area revascularization (resulting of an "in situ" intake of antibiotics), and the biomimetism of HA prosthesis. (
  • More recently a modular prosthesis has been developed by a number of manufacturers in collusion with canine orthopaedic surgeons. (
  • At present, the standard therapy for orthopaedic infections implicates the systemic administration of antibiotics [ 4 ]. (
  • Prosthetic mesh implants reduce hernia rates, but recurrence and infection remain unacceptably high. (
  • Recurrence of infection after revision of infected hip arthroplasties. (
  • The trends in CRP levels are therefore extremely helpful in monitoring the course of infection, the treatment and/or surgery, and the resolution or recurrence of the infection (see table 1, attached). (
  • All of our patients presented reasons for delaying HA cranioplasty removal: patients #1, 3, and 4 had an associated shunted hydrocephalus and the need for not removing the prosthesis was related to the predictable recurrence of overshunting and/or sinking skin flap syndrome. (
  • chronic disease in children [3], and children with allergies are predisposed to developing upper respiratory tract infections, rhinosinusitis, and OM [4]. (
  • biofi lm-related upper airway infections may promote lower pulmonary infections and aggravate other chronic pulmonary conditions (eg. (
  • Lung infections are a chronic problem for patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). Some patients with CF may have a type of bacteria called Pseudomonas aeruginosa in their lungs that can cause. (
  • A type IV infection is a late, chronic infection with symptoms that have persisted for more than 4 weeks. (
  • Historically, open irrigation and débridement for an infected TKA was reserved for patients with an acute onset of infection, as irrigation, débridement, and component retention for treatment of a chronic infection (signs and symptoms for more than 4 weeks) had been associated with high failure rates and poor outcomes. (
  • In addition, age-related chronic disease (eg, type 2 diabetes mellitus), iatrogenic drugs, and age-associated immunocompromise contribute to this risk level. (
  • To prevent infections, different interventions without and with the use of antibiotics (hygiene procedures and antib iot ic prophylaxis) are used. (
  • 17 ]). The degree of success of one-stage revision of prostheses with antibiotics added to the cement led to 88% eradication reported by Steinbrink et al. (
  • Your doctor may administer the antibiotics intravenously, or directly into your veins, if the infection is severe. (
  • 9. A variable tilt angle prosthesis according to claim 1 , wherein said humeral shaft and neck, and head component, comprise metal. (
  • 14. A variable tilt angle prosthesis according to claim 1 , wherein said humeral shaft and neck are configured according to a selected tilt angle and length among a plurality of available tilt angles and lengths. (
  • 2. The urethral prosthesis of claim 1 wherein the first and second arms comprise a mesh material. (
  • 4. The urethral prosthesis of claim 1 wherein the first and second arms are coated with a bioactive material. (
  • 7. The urethral prosthesis of claim 1 wherein the first and second arms have a width between about 0.5 and about 5 cm. (
  • 9. The urethral prosthesis of claim 1 wherein the stem comprises a flexible material. (
  • 11. The urethral prosthesis of claim 1 wherein the stem further comprises a coating. (
  • 12. The urethral prosthesis of claim 1 wherein the stem is coated with a bioactive material. (
  • 15. The urethral prosthesis of claim 1 wherein the stem is sized and shaped to be positioned in the scrotum of the patient. (
  • 16. The urethral prosthesis of claim 1 wherein the stem is joined to the junction transversely across the width of the junction. (
  • 19. The urethral prosthesis of claim 1 wherein one or more tissue anchor is secured to one or more distal ends of the first and second arms. (
  • 2. The ankle prosthesis of claim 1 wherein a length of the talo-calcaneal stem is from about 65 mm to about 12 cm. (
  • 3. The ankle prosthesis of claim 1 wherein a width the talo-calcaneal stem is from about 4 mm to about 14 mm. (
  • 5. The ankle prosthesis of claim 1 wherein a width of the tibial stem is from about 6 mm to about 12 mm. (
  • 6. The ankle prosthesis of claim 1 wherein said generally convex dome includes an anterior section and a posterior section, said anterior section being more than 1 mm wider than said posterior section. (
  • 8. The ankle prosthesis of claim 1 wherein said generally concave dome of the upper prosthesis body is configured to articulate with said generally convex dome of the lower prosthesis body. (
  • 9. The ankle prosthesis of claim 1 wherein said generally convex dome includes a trochlea. (
  • 2. The joint prosthesis according to claim 1 wherein said first member and said second member are substantially half-moon shaped, said second member defined by said second articulating surface having intersecting convex and concave surfaces. (
  • 3. The joint prosthesis according to claim 1 wherein said first and second members include retaining members extending transversely through a major axis of said first and second members. (
  • 7. The joint prosthesis according to claim 1 wherein said set plate member comprises at least three outwardly extending arm members. (
  • Please report any device-related adverse events to Medtronic, Inc. at 1-800-848-9300. (
  • While these prostheses can restore the function of the heart for a while, they are associated with adverse comorbidity and wear-down and need to be replaced during invasive and expensive surgeries. (
  • The use of porous prostheses in delayed reconstruction of total hip replacements that have failed because of infection. (
  • Four cases of severe septic complication following cranioplasty with porous hydroxyapatite (HA) prosthesis are presented. (
  • This organism resides in the oral flora and the intestinal and genitourinary tracts, and it has been associated with hematogenous infections such as infective endocarditis, brain abscesses, and otitis media. (
  • In patient #2 the infective process surrounded completely the HA prosthesis, while it was located in the epidural region in patients #1 and 4. (
  • Total TMJ replacement with standard prosthesis is a good strategy for TMJ reconstruction after giant condylar osteoma excision. (
  • However, the infection rate is high for endoprosthetic reconstruction, ranging from 3% to more than 30% for primary operations and up to 60% for revision operations. (
  • The high infection rate related to endoprosthetic reconstruction is attributed to large soft tissue defects, large implants, increased operative time, immunosuppression from cancer itself, and adjuvant treatments. (
  • Diagnosis and treatment of endoprosthetic reconstruction infections is challenging. (
  • The first step in revision surgery is the removal of the old femoral component of the knee prosthesis. (
  • RESULTS: Computed tomographic scan follow-up at 6 months from surgery showed no evidence of recurrent infection. (
  • As of 2003, it is estimated that 98% of knee prostheses are still functioning well 10 years after surgery, with 94% still working after 20 years. (
  • Lung infections with the invasive forms of ASPERGILLUS, usually after surgery, transplantation, prolonged NEUTROPENIA or treatment with high-doses of CORTICOSTEROIDS. (
  • Synthetic mesh provides the most effective treatment, but risk of infection significantly limits its prophylactic use in most gastrointestinal surgery. (
  • In the past, aortic valve surgery involved the placement of a mechanical prosthesis. (
  • Reconstructive surgery includes such procedures as the reattachment of an amputated finger or toe, or implanting a prosthesis. (
  • A type I infection involves a patient with a positive culture at the time of surgery. (
  • A type II infection is an early infection that occurs within the first 4 weeks after surgery. (
  • Infection that occurs after joint replacement may require surgery. (
  • If there are problems with blood supply to the infected area, such as the foot, surgery may be needed to improve blood flow in order to get rid of the infection. (
  • His research efforts after returning to Creighton University focused initially on biliary tract issues but evolved into the developing field of minimally invasive surgery and therapeutic laparoscopic surgery especially as it relates to the management of the biliary tree and abdominal wall hernias. (
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether sonication is effective for the diagnosis of infection and to compare it with tissue cultures. (
  • Early diagnosis or exclusion of infection and inflammation is of utmost importance for the optimal management of patients with such common disorders. (
  • We recently described a sonication technique for the diagnosis of prosthetic knee and hip infections. (
  • We conclude that sonicate fluid culture is useful for the diagnosis of prosthetic shoulder infection. (
  • However, since patients with prosthetic shoulder infection often present with stiffness and/or pain alone ( 7 ), the achievement of an accurate diagnosis is challenging. (
  • No data on the accuracy of sonication for the diagnosis of prosthetic shoulder infection are available. (
  • BACKGROUND: Aortic stent-graft infections (ASGIs) are associated with significant mortality. (
  • It's not that healthcare institutions have let CAUTIs go - but the majority were focused on CLABSI and other high-mortality infections. (
  • Although CAUTIs are the most common infection, the infections with the highest mortality and morbidity are CLABSI and VAP. (
  • She was surprised to find that one of the microbes that causes severe infections in AIDS patients in the U.S was the same species that caused trench fever in WWI soldiers fighting in Europe 80 years before. (
  • These Infection s are less common and less severe in healthy people. (
  • Organisms that invade a severe injury, deep cut , or wound can also cause infections in nearby bones. (
  • Of an estimated 2 million cases of HAIs annually, half are device-related - with CAUTI the most common cause, says Rabih O. Darouiche, MD, an infectious disease specialist and the program director for the Multidisciplinary Alliance Against Device-Related Infections (MAADRI). (
  • The success of the increasing number of artificial-joint replacements and other implanted devices is hampered by device-related infections. (
  • At the same time, the artificial organ must be completely autonomous, since any exterior power source will greatly increase the risk of infection. (
  • The proportion of patients with shoulder infections due to Propionibacterium acnes is significantly greater than the proportion of patients with lower limb infections due to P. acnes ( 12 ). (
  • Placement of Bio-A absorbable mesh in vertical midline abdominal incisions yields equivalent maximum wound tensile strength compared to primary fascial closure in a porcine model and does not increase wound infections. (
  • Plantar Puncture Wound From Related Chapters II. (
  • Exclusion criteria included adult patients, wounds related to animal bites, lacerations associated with a motor vehicle collision or all-terrain vehicle accidents, gunshot wounds , degloving injuries, or injuries resulting in complex lacerations to the foot.A total of 147 children presented to emergency department (ED) with a pedal puncture wound . (
  • Which wound infections can be treated in the community? (
  • You should assume that a superficial wound infection indicates a deep infection until proven otherwise. (
  • Superficial wound infections usually occur within 30 days of the procedure and involve only the skin and subcutaneous tissues. (
  • An early superficial wound infection is the most important risk factor for a PJI, 6 with an odds ratio (OR) of 36. (
  • A mitosporic fungal genus occasionally causing human diseases such as pulmonary infections, mycotic keratitis, endocarditis, and opportunistic infections. (
  • have been implicated in the causation of meningitis, endocarditis, ventriculitis, peritonitis, fungemia, central venous catheter infection and keratitis in debilitated and immunocompromised patients. (
  • The management of aortic stent-graft infection: endograft removal versus conservative treatment. (
  • Appreciating the role of biofi lms in the development and perpetuation of common pediatric respiratory and related illness is essential to understanding the expected clinical course of common pediatric infections and designing effective treatment options. (
  • The device is not indicated for the treatment of infection. (
  • How active resisters and organizational constipators affect health care-acquired infection prevention efforts. (
  • Many hospitals have focused on CLABSIs and all that time and attention has made a big impact," says Kelley Boston, MPH, CIC, an infection prevention consultant in San Antonio, Texas, and a member of APIC's national communications committee. (
  • One is mechanical and is related to the fact that the knee joint bears a great deal of weight when a person is walking or running. (
  • As a leader in regenerative heart prostheses, Hoerstrup and his team in Zurich have previously developed regenerative, tissue-engineered heart valves to replace mechanical and fixed-tissue heart valves. (
  • The initial United States experience with the ATS mechanical cardiac valve prosthesis. (
  • This study included acute postoperative infections and late acute hematogenous infections. (
  • Early and rapid prediction for postoperative infections following percutaneous nephrolithotomy in patients with complex kidney stones. (
  • The woman, who has since recovered, suffered from symptoms similar to malaria or typhoid fever, two infections that can occur in returning travelers. (
  • Several years later, her team discovered that the Bartonella henselae bacterium causes cat scratch disease, an infection that causes swollen lymph nodes and fever after a cat scratches its owner or an unlucky visitor. (
  • Like trench fever, cat scratch disease had been described in the early 1900s, but no one knew what bacterium caused cat scratch disease until the infection was seen in the AIDS patients. (
  • Some kids may need to return to the hospital between treatments if they have side effects , like fever or infection, or if they need a blood transfusion . (
  • Particularly, several groups have demonstrated that this powerful imaging methodology is very effective in the evaluation of osteomyelitis, infected prostheses, fever of unknown origin, and AIDS. (
  • All wounds were well healed and showed no evidence of superficial or deep infection. (
  • are capsulated, pigmented, ubiquitous basidiomycetous yeasts causing different superficial and deep-seated opportunistic infections in the debilitated and immunocompromised patient. (
  • Unfortunately, in over 4 million people each year, these delicate tissues malfunction due to birth defects, age-related deteriorations, and infections, causing cardiac valve disease. (
  • The artificial joint itself is called a prosthesis. (
  • The wrist joint is replaced with an artificial joint (also called a prosthesis ) much less often than other joints in the body, such as the knee or the hip. (
  • Galacto-Oligosaccharide/Polidextrose Enriched Formula Protects against Respiratory Infections in Infants at High Risk of Atopy: A Randomized Clinical Trial. (
  • We identified 92 clinical strains of Actinomyces , including 13 strains in the related Arcanobacterium-Actinobaculum taxon, by 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis and recorded their biotypes, sources, and disease associations. (
  • He was the Principal Investigator of a grant, which was funded by the Agency for Health Care Related Quality, entitled "Management of Groin Hernia: A multi-centered Clinical Trial", Principle (RO 1 HS/AG 9860-01A1) with a budget of over $6,000,000. (
  • For instance, a variety of prostheses are commercially available for use in repairing damaged hip joints or knee joints due to such diseases as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, traumatic arthritis, avascular necrosis, and sickle cell anemia osteoporosis. (
  • The new species, recently named Bartonella rochalimae, is also closely related to the bacterium identified about 10 years ago as the cause of cat scratch disease: Bartonella henselae, which infects more than 25,000 people a year in the U.S. (
  • There must be no established source of bacteraemia which might promote infection around the prosthesis (e.g., periodontal disease, anal furunculosis). (
  • While these medications are important for controlling patients' disease, at some point taking too many pills (with their ensuing side effects) may negatively affect patients' health-related quality of life, or their perceived physical and mental health. (
  • If the unused prosthesis has been in contact with instruments or supplies used on a patient or contaminated with bodily fluids, discard with care to prevent risk of transmission of any disease. (
  • The primary goal of an artificial hippocampus is to provide a cure for Alzheimer's disease and other hippocampus-related problems. (
  • Because of its close relationship with memory formation, damage to the hippocampus is closely related to Alzheimer's disease. (
  • The present invention provides a urethral prosthesis including a first and a second arm that join to form a junction, and a stem that is also joined to the junction. (
  • Overall, tissue and sonication fluid cultures confirmed an infection in 42 of the 58 patients. (
  • MSSA CRBSI: methicillin-susceptible S. aureus catheter-related bloodstream infection. (
  • Receiving operating characteristics curve of MICs (measured by E- test) for daptomycin in predicting development of complicated bacteremia in patients with methicil in- sensitive Staphylococcus aureus catheter-related bloodstream infection. (
  • Receiving operating characteristics curve of MICs (measured by E- test) for vancomycin in predicting development of complicated bacteremia in patients with methicillin- susceptible Staphylococcus aureus catheter-related blood stream infection. (
  • 0.21, p = 0.05) in predicting development of complicated bacteremia in patients with methicil in- sensitive Staphylococcus aureus catheter-related bloodstream infection. (
  • For example, Newman concluded that distal infections did not increase the risk of epidural infection because traumatic injuries are often infected, and no epidural catheter-related infections were identified among over 3000 patients who had epidural neural blockades for postoperative or posttraumatic analgesia. (
  • For more than 600 years, patients with amputations above the knee received a prosthesis that fit over the skin and soft tissue of the amputation stump. (
  • Causes of Infection Soft tissue infections (or Osteochondritis) (90% of cases) IV. (
  • Over the past few years, there have been a number of important advances in the infrastructure technologies needed for tissue engineering and related fields such as the construction of scaffolds to support and guide cell growth. (
  • Ultimately, I think it likely that the end goal for the tissue engineering field is to attain sufficient control over cells and cell signaling to direct the desired behavior inside the body without the need for scaffolds, bioreactors, transplantation, and other related technologies. (
  • A hippocampus prosthesis is a type of cognitive prosthesis (a prosthesis implanted into the nervous system in order to improve or replace the function of damaged brain tissue). (
  • In order to fully assume the function of the damaged hippocampus, the prosthesis must be able to communicate with the existing tissue in a bidirectional manner. (
  • the three most common pediatric diagnoses from outpatient visits are general examination, otitis media (OM), and upper respiratory infection [1]. (
  • Biofilm formation is the leading cause for the failure of biomedical prostheses ( 9 , 13 ), including tracheoesophageal shunt prostheses, used for speech rehabilitation in patients after total laryngectomy because of a malignant laryngeal tumor. (