A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE. Other plants called broom include CYTISUS; SPARTIUM; and BROMUS.
The medical use of honey bee products such as BEE VENOM; HONEY; bee pollen; PROPOLIS; and royal jelly.
An antimicrobial, antiseptic, and disinfectant that is used also as an aromatic essence and preservative in pharmaceutics and perfumery.
A class of phenolic acids related to chlorogenic acid, p-coumaric acid, vanillic acid, etc., which are found in plant tissues. It is involved in plant growth regulation.
Insect members of the superfamily Apoidea, found almost everywhere, particularly on flowers. About 3500 species occur in North America. They differ from most WASPS in that their young are fed honey and pollen rather than animal food.
A sweet viscous liquid food, produced in the honey sacs of various bees from nectar collected from flowers. The nectar is ripened into honey by inversion of its sucrose sugar into fructose and glucose. It is somewhat acidic and has mild antiseptic properties, being sometimes used in the treatment of burns and lacerations.
Dentifrices that are formulated into a paste form. They typically contain abrasives, HUMECTANTS; DETERGENTS; FLAVORING AGENTS; and CARIOSTATIC AGENTS.
Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.
Substances that prevent infectious agents or organisms from spreading or kill infectious agents in order to prevent the spread of infection.
Application of a protective agent to an exposed pulp (direct capping) or the remaining thin layer of dentin over a nearly exposed pulp (indirect capping) in order to allow the pulp to recover and maintain its normal vitality and function.
A species of gram-positive bacteria isolated from MILK and cheese-starter cultures.
An acid which is found in cinchona bark and elsewhere in plants. (From Stedman, 26th ed)
A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE that has long been used in folk medicine for treating wounds.
Death of pulp tissue with or without bacterial invasion. When the necrosis is due to ischemia with superimposed bacterial infection, it is referred to as pulp gangrene. When the necrosis is non-bacterial in origin, it is called pulp mummification.
A white powder prepared from lime that has many medical and industrial uses. It is in many dental formulations, especially for root canal filling.
A plant genus of the family Aloeaceae, order Liliales (or Asphodelaceae, Asparagales in APG system) which is used medicinally. It contains anthraquinone glycosides such as aloin-emodin or aloe-emodin (EMODIN).
Hydroxycinnamic acid and its derivatives. Act as activators of the indoleacetic acid oxidizing system, thereby producing a decrease in the endogenous level of bound indoleacetic acid in plants.
Dental procedure in which the entire pulp chamber is removed from the crown and roots of a tooth.
Chemicals used mainly to disinfect root canals after pulpectomy and before obturation. The major ones are camphorated monochlorophenol, EDTA, formocresol, hydrogen peroxide, metacresylacetate, and sodium hypochlorite. Root canal irrigants include also rinsing solutions of distilled water, sodium chloride, etc.
Examination of the mouth and teeth toward the identification and diagnosis of intraoral disease or manifestation of non-oral conditions.
A plant genus of the family LAMIACEAE best known for the thyme spice added to foods.
A group of phenyl benzopyrans named for having structures like FLAVONES.
An abnormal passage in the oral cavity on the gingiva.
Benzoate derivatives substituted by one or more hydroxy groups in any position on the benzene ring.
Use of plants or herbs to treat diseases or to alleviate pain.
Dental procedure in which part of the pulp chamber is removed from the crown of a tooth.
Dentin formed by normal pulp after completion of root end formation.
A group of FLAVONOIDS characterized with a 4-ketone.
The result of pathological changes in the hard tissue of a tooth caused by carious lesions, mechanical factors, or trauma, which render the pulp susceptible to bacterial invasion from the external environment.
The act of cleaning teeth with a brush to remove plaque and prevent tooth decay. (From Webster, 3d ed)
Tissue surrounding the apex of a tooth, including the apical portion of the periodontal membrane and alveolar bone.
Benzene derivatives that include one or more hydroxyl groups attached to the ring structure.
A plant genus of the family RUBIACEAE. Members contain iridoid glycosides and ANTHRAQUINONES.
Materials used in DENTAL PULP CAPPING or PULPECTOMY.
The space in a tooth bounded by the dentin and containing the dental pulp. The portion of the cavity within the crown of the tooth is the pulp chamber; the portion within the root is the pulp canal or root canal.
Drugs used to protect against ionizing radiation. They are usually of interest for use in radiation therapy but have been considered for other, e.g. military, purposes.
The ability of fungi to resist or to become tolerant to several structurally and functionally distinct drugs simultaneously. This resistance phenotype may be attributed to multiple gene mutations.
Agents that produce a soft formed stool, and relax and loosen the bowels, typically used over a protracted period, to relieve CONSTIPATION.
A clear, colorless liquid rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and distributed throughout the body. It has bactericidal activity and is used often as a topical disinfectant. It is widely used as a solvent and preservative in pharmaceutical preparations as well as serving as the primary ingredient in ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.
A substituted carcinogenic nitrosamine.
The property of dentin that permits passage of light, heat, cold, and chemical substances. It does not include penetration by microorganisms.
A large class of organic compounds having more than one PHENOL group.
A resinous substance obtained from beehives that is used traditionally as an antimicrobial. It is a heterogeneous mixture of many substances.
Substances which reduce or eliminate dentinal sensitivity or the pain associated with a source of stimulus (such as touch, heat, or cold) at the orifice of exposed dentinal tubules causing the movement of tubular fluid that in turn stimulates tooth nerve receptors.
A richly vascularized and innervated connective tissue of mesodermal origin, contained in the central cavity of a tooth and delimited by the dentin, and having formative, nutritive, sensory, and protective functions. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
A polysaccharide-producing species of STREPTOCOCCUS isolated from human dental plaque.
Antibacterial used topically in burn therapy.
A red yeast-like mitosporic fungal genus generally regarded as nonpathogenic. It is cultured from numerous sources in human patients.
A mitosporic fungal genus causing opportunistic infections, endocarditis, fungemia, a hypersensitivity pneumonitis (see TRICHOSPORONOSIS) and white PIEDRA.
Substances that are destructive to protozoans.
Herbaceous biennial plants and their edible bulbs, belonging to the Liliaceae.
Created 7 April 1992 as a result of the division of Yugoslavia.
Preparatory activities in ROOT CANAL THERAPY by partial or complete extirpation of diseased pulp, cleaning and sterilization of the empty canal, enlarging and shaping the canal to receive the sealing material. The cavity may be prepared by mechanical, sonic, chemical, or other means. (From Dorland, 28th ed, p1700)
Mixtures of many components in inexact proportions, usually natural, such as PLANT EXTRACTS; VENOMS; and MANURE. These are distinguished from DRUG COMBINATIONS which have only a few components in definite proportions.
Any tests that demonstrate the relative efficacy of different chemotherapeutic agents against specific microorganisms (i.e., bacteria, fungi, viruses).
Liquid chromatographic techniques which feature high inlet pressures, high sensitivity, and high speed.
A country in northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Libya and the Gaza Strip, and the Red Sea north of Sudan, and includes the Asian Sinai Peninsula Its capital is Cairo.
Naturally occurring or synthetic substances that inhibit or retard the oxidation of a substance to which it is added. They counteract the harmful and damaging effects of oxidation in animal tissues.
The concentration of a compound needed to reduce population growth of organisms, including eukaryotic cells, by 50% in vitro. Though often expressed to denote in vitro antibacterial activity, it is also used as a benchmark for cytotoxicity to eukaryotic cells in culture.
Adherent debris produced when cutting the enamel or dentin in cavity preparation. It is about 1 micron thick and its composition reflects the underlying dentin, although different quantities and qualities of smear layer can be produced by the various instrumentation techniques. Its function is presumed to be protective, as it lowers dentin permeability. However, it masks the underlying dentin and interferes with attempts to bond dental material to the dentin.
1-Deoxy-1-(methylamino)-D-glucitol. A derivative of sorbitol in which the hydroxyl group in position 1 is replaced by a methylamino group. Often used in conjunction with iodinated organic compounds as contrast medium.
Tests that demonstrate the relative effectiveness of chemotherapeutic agents against specific parasites.
Any of the various plants of the genus Lactuca, especially L. sativa, cultivated for its edible leaves. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
Infections with bacteria of the genus PASTEURELLA.
A genotoxicological technique for measuring DNA damage in an individual cell using single-cell gel electrophoresis. Cell DNA fragments assume a "comet with tail" formation on electrophoresis and are detected with an image analysis system. Alkaline assay conditions facilitate sensitive detection of single-strand damage.
Compounds based on CHALCONE. They are important intermediates in the formation of FLAVONOIDS.
The application of high intensity ultrasound to liquids.
Colloids formed by the combination of two immiscible liquids such as oil and water. Lipid-in-water emulsions are usually liquid, like milk or lotion. Water-in-lipid emulsions tend to be creams. The formation of emulsions may be aided by amphiphatic molecules that surround one component of the system to form MICELLES.
The washing of a body cavity or surface by flowing water or solution for therapy or diagnosis.
A parasitic hemoflagellate of the subgenus Leishmania leishmania that infects man and animals including rodents. The Leishmania mexicana complex causes both cutaneous (LEISHMANIASIS, CUTANEOUS) and diffuse cutaneous leishmaniasis (LEISHMANIASIS, DIFFUSE CUTANEOUS) and includes the subspecies amazonensis, garnhami, mexicana, pifanoi, and venezuelensis. L. m. mexicana causes chiclero ulcer, a form of cutaneous leishmaniasis (LEISHMANIASIS, CUTANEOUS) in the New World. The sandfly, Lutzomyia, appears to be the vector.
Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.
Inflammation of gum tissue (GINGIVA) without loss of connective tissue.
Superficial infections of the skin or its appendages by any of various fungi.
Substances that destroy fungi by suppressing their ability to grow or reproduce. They differ from FUNGICIDES, INDUSTRIAL because they defend against fungi present in human or animal tissues.
A complex sulfated polymer of galactose units, extracted from Gelidium cartilagineum, Gracilaria confervoides, and related red algae. It is used as a gel in the preparation of solid culture media for microorganisms, as a bulk laxative, in making emulsions, and as a supporting medium for immunodiffusion and immunoelectrophoresis.
Substances that influence the course of a chemical reaction by ready combination with free radicals. Among other effects, this combining activity protects pancreatic islets against damage by cytokines and prevents myocardial and pulmonary perfusion injuries.
A strain of albino rat developed at the Wistar Institute that has spread widely at other institutions. This has markedly diluted the original strain.
The hard portion of the tooth surrounding the pulp, covered by enamel on the crown and cementum on the root, which is harder and denser than bone but softer than enamel, and is thus readily abraded when left unprotected. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Colloids with a solid continuous phase and liquid as the dispersed phase; gels may be unstable when, due to temperature or other cause, the solid phase liquefies; the resulting colloid is called a sol.
Enzymes that catalyze the transfer of glucose from a nucleoside diphosphate glucose to an acceptor molecule which is frequently another carbohydrate. EC 2.4.1.-.
A film that attaches to teeth, often causing DENTAL CARIES and GINGIVITIS. It is composed of MUCINS, secreted from salivary glands, and microorganisms.
Solutions having the same osmotic pressure as blood serum, or another solution with which they are compared. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed & Dorland, 28th ed)
Separation of a mixture in successive stages, each stage removing from the mixture some proportion of one of the substances, for example by differential solubility in water-solvent mixtures. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Preclinical testing of drugs in experimental animals or in vitro for their biological and toxic effects and potential clinical applications.
A unicellular budding fungus which is the principal pathogenic species causing CANDIDIASIS (moniliasis).
Organic compounds containing the carboxy group (-COOH). This group of compounds includes amino acids and fatty acids. Carboxylic acids can be saturated, unsaturated, or aromatic.
Electron microscopy in which the ELECTRONS or their reaction products that pass down through the specimen are imaged below the plane of the specimen.
The preparation, mixing, and assembling of a drug. (From Remington, The Science and Practice of Pharmacy, 19th ed, p1814)
Restoration of integrity to traumatized tissue.
The fertilizing element of plants that contains the male GAMETOPHYTES.
Methods of investigating the effectiveness of anticancer cytotoxic drugs and biologic inhibitors. These include in vitro cell-kill models and cytostatic dye exclusion tests as well as in vivo measurement of tumor growth parameters in laboratory animals.
The span of viability of a cell characterized by the capacity to perform certain functions such as metabolism, growth, reproduction, some form of responsiveness, and adaptability.
A technique for maintaining or growing TISSUE in vitro, usually by DIFFUSION, perifusion, or PERFUSION. The tissue is cultured directly after removal from the host without being dispersed for cell culture.
Quaternary salts derived from tetrazoles. They are used in tests to distinguish between reducing sugars and simple aldehydes, for detection of dehydrogenase in tissues, cells, and bacteria, for determination of corticosteroids, and in color photography. (From Mall's Dictionary of Chemistry, 5th ed, p455)
Potentially pathogenic bacteria found in nasal membranes, skin, hair follicles, and perineum of warm-blooded animals. They may cause a wide range of infections and intoxications.
Specialized arterial vessels in the umbilical cord. They carry waste and deoxygenated blood from the FETUS to the mother via the PLACENTA. In humans, there are usually two umbilical arteries but sometimes one.
The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.
Multicellular, eukaryotic life forms of kingdom Plantae (sensu lato), comprising the VIRIDIPLANTAE; RHODOPHYTA; and GLAUCOPHYTA; all of which acquired chloroplasts by direct endosymbiosis of CYANOBACTERIA. They are characterized by a mainly photosynthetic mode of nutrition; essentially unlimited growth at localized regions of cell divisions (MERISTEMS); cellulose within cells providing rigidity; the absence of organs of locomotion; absence of nervous and sensory systems; and an alternation of haploid and diploid generations.
The physical phenomena describing the structure and properties of atoms and molecules, and their reaction and interaction processes.
The study of CHEMICAL PHENOMENA and processes in terms of the underlying PHYSICAL PHENOMENA and processes.
Formerly known as Siam, this is a Southeast Asian nation at the center of the Indochina peninsula. Bangkok is the capital city.
Endothelial cells that line venous vessels of the UMBILICAL CORD.
Anti-inflammatory agents that are non-steroidal in nature. In addition to anti-inflammatory actions, they have analgesic, antipyretic, and platelet-inhibitory actions.They act by blocking the synthesis of prostaglandins by inhibiting cyclooxygenase, which converts arachidonic acid to cyclic endoperoxides, precursors of prostaglandins. Inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis accounts for their analgesic, antipyretic, and platelet-inhibitory actions; other mechanisms may contribute to their anti-inflammatory effects.
The action of a drug in promoting or enhancing the effectiveness of another drug.
All of the processes involved in increasing CELL NUMBER including CELL DIVISION.
Endogenous or exogenous substances which inhibit the normal growth of human and animal cells or micro-organisms, as distinguished from those affecting plant growth (= PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS).
Microscopy in which the object is examined directly by an electron beam scanning the specimen point-by-point. The image is constructed by detecting the products of specimen interactions that are projected above the plane of the sample, such as backscattered electrons. Although SCANNING TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY also scans the specimen point by point with the electron beam, the image is constructed by detecting the electrons, or their interaction products that are transmitted through the sample plane, so that is a form of TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY.
The testing of materials and devices, especially those used for PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; SUTURES; TISSUE ADHESIVES; etc., for hardness, strength, durability, safety, efficacy, and biocompatibility.
Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.
Fractionation of a vaporized sample as a consequence of partition between a mobile gaseous phase and a stationary phase held in a column. Two types are gas-solid chromatography, where the fixed phase is a solid, and gas-liquid, in which the stationary phase is a nonvolatile liquid supported on an inert solid matrix.
The giving of drugs, chemicals, or other substances by mouth.
Substances that inhibit or prevent the proliferation of NEOPLASMS.
A cell line derived from cultured tumor cells.
The dialdehyde of malonic acid.
Liquids that dissolve other substances (solutes), generally solids, without any change in chemical composition, as, water containing sugar. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
The location of the atoms, groups or ions relative to one another in a molecule, as well as the number, type and location of covalent bonds.
Enumeration by direct count of viable, isolated bacterial, archaeal, or fungal CELLS or SPORES capable of growth on solid CULTURE MEDIA. The method is used routinely by environmental microbiologists for quantifying organisms in AIR; FOOD; and WATER; by clinicians for measuring patients' microbial load; and in antimicrobial drug testing.
Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Spectroscopic method of measuring the magnetic moment of elementary particles such as atomic nuclei, protons or electrons. It is employed in clinical applications such as NMR Tomography (MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING).
A spectroscopic technique in which a range of wavelengths is presented simultaneously with an interferometer and the spectrum is mathematically derived from the pattern thus obtained.
Agents and endogenous substances that antagonize or inhibit the development of new blood vessels.
A species of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria commonly isolated from clinical specimens (wound, burn, and urinary tract infections). It is also found widely distributed in soil and water. P. aeruginosa is a major agent of nosocomial infection.
A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A spiral bacterium active as a human gastric pathogen. It is a gram-negative, urease-positive, curved or slightly spiral organism initially isolated in 1982 from patients with lesions of gastritis or peptic ulcers in Western Australia. Helicobacter pylori was originally classified in the genus CAMPYLOBACTER, but RNA sequencing, cellular fatty acid profiles, growth patterns, and other taxonomic characteristics indicate that the micro-organism should be included in the genus HELICOBACTER. It has been officially transferred to Helicobacter gen. nov. (see Int J Syst Bacteriol 1989 Oct;39(4):297-405).
One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.
The termination of the cell's ability to carry out vital functions such as metabolism, growth, reproduction, responsiveness, and adaptability.
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.
New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.
One of the mechanisms by which CELL DEATH occurs (compare with NECROSIS and AUTOPHAGOCYTOSIS). Apoptosis is the mechanism responsible for the physiological deletion of cells and appears to be intrinsically programmed. It is characterized by distinctive morphologic changes in the nucleus and cytoplasm, chromatin cleavage at regularly spaced sites, and the endonucleolytic cleavage of genomic DNA; (DNA FRAGMENTATION); at internucleosomal sites. This mode of cell death serves as a balance to mitosis in regulating the size of animal tissues and in mediating pathologic processes associated with tumor growth.
A disturbance in the prooxidant-antioxidant balance in favor of the former, leading to potential damage. Indicators of oxidative stress include damaged DNA bases, protein oxidation products, and lipid peroxidation products (Sies, Oxidative Stress, 1991, pxv-xvi).
The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.

Antipsoriatic, anti-inflammatory, and analgesic effects of an extract of red propolis. (1/151)

AIM: To study the antipsoriatic, anti-inflammatory, and analgesic effects of ethanolic extract of red propolis. METHODS AND RESULTS: This extract induced the formation of granular layer in the mouse tail test used as a model of psoriasis. Propolis 50 mg.kg-1 i.g. showed anti-inflammatory activity in the cotton-pellet granuloma assay in rats, in croton oil-induced edema in mice at a dose of 25% (2.5 microL), and in the peritoneal capillary permeability test in mice at a dose of 10 mg.kg-1. The extract (25 mg.kg-1 i.g.) showed analgesic effect in the model of acetic acid-induced writhings, whereas 40 mg.kg-1 was effective in the hot plate test in mice. CONCLUSION: Anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and antipsoriatric properties of Cuban red propolis were evident.  (+info)

Isolation and structures of two new compounds from the essential oil of Brazilian propolis. (2/151)

Two new and seven known compounds, including terpenoids and aromatic compounds, were isolated from the essential oil of Brazilian propolis. The structures of the new compounds were elucidated as 2,2-dimethyl-8-prenyl-6-vinylchromene (1) and 2,6-diprenyl-4-vinylphenol (2) on the basis of spectroscopic analyses.  (+info)

Two novel long-chain alkanoic acid esters of lupeol from alecrim-propolis. (3/151)

Two new long-chain alkanoic acid esters of lupeol were isolated together with known triterpenoids, alpha-amyrin, beta-amyrin, cycloartenol, lanosta-7,24-diene-3beta-ol and lupeol from Alecrim-propolis collected in Brazil. The structures were characterized by spectroscopic means.  (+info)

Effects of compounds found in propolis on Streptococcus mutans growth and on glucosyltransferase activity. (4/151)

Propolis, a resinous bee product, has been shown to inhibit the growth of oral microorganisms and the activity of bacterium-derived glucosyltransferases (GTFs). Several compounds, mainly polyphenolics, have been identified in this natural product. The present study evaluated the effects of distinct chemical groups found in propolis on the activity of GTF enzymes in solution and on the surface of saliva-coated hydroxyapatite (sHA) beads. Thirty compounds, including flavonoids, cinnamic acid derivatives, and terpenoids, were tested for the ability to inhibit GTFs B, C, and D from Streptococcus mutans and GTF from S. sanguinis (GTF Ss). Flavones and flavonols were potent inhibitors of GTF activity in solution; lesser effects were noted on insolubilized enzymes. Apigenin, a 4',5,7-trihydroxyflavone, was the most effective inhibitor of GTFs, both in solution (90.5 to 95% inhibition at a concentration of 135 microg/ml) and on the surface of sHA beads (30 to 60% at 135 microg/ml). Antibacterial activity was determined by using MICs, minimum bactericidal concentrations (MBCs), and time-kill studies. Flavanones and some dihydroflavonols, as well as the sesquiterpene tt-farnesol, inhibited the growth of S. mutans and S. sobrinus; tt-farnesol was the most effective antibacterial compound (MICs of 14 to 28 microg/ml and MBCs of 56 to 112 microg/ml). tt-Farnesol (56 to 112 microg/ml) produced a 3-log-fold reduction in the bacterial population after 4 h of incubation. Cinnamic acid derivatives had negligible biological activities. Several of the compounds identified in propolis inhibit GTF activities and bacterial growth. Apigenin is a novel and potent inhibitor of GTF activity, and tt-farnesol was found to be an effective antibacterial agent.  (+info)

The effect of herbal remedies on the production of human inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines. (5/151)

BACKGROUND: Some herbal remedies are sold as food additives and are believed to have immune-enhancing properties. OBJECTIVES: To study the effect of five herbal remedies--Sambucol Black Elderberry Extract, Sambucol Active Defense Formula and Sambucol for Kids (with known antiviral properties), Protec and Chizukit N (containing propolis and Echinacea, claimed to be immune enhancers)--on the production of cytokines, one of the main components of the immune system. METHODS: The production of four inflammatory cytokines (interleukin-1 beta, tumor necrosis factor alpha, and IL-6 and IL-8) and one anti-inflammatory cytokine (IL-10) was tested using blood-derived monocytes from 12 healthy donors. RESULTS: The Sambucol preparations increased the production of five cytokines (1.3-6.2 fold) compared to the control. Protec induced only a moderate production of IL-8 (1.6 fold) and IL-10 (2.3 fold) while Chizukit N caused only a moderate increase in IL-10 production (1.4 fold). Both Protec and Chizukit N caused moderate decreases in IL-1 beta, TNF alpha and IL-6 production. Lipopolysaccharide, a known activator of monocytes, induced the highest levels of cytokine production (3.6-10.7 fold). CONCLUSIONS: The three Sambucol formulations activate the healthy immune system by increasing inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines production, while the effect of Protec and Chizukit N is much less. Sambucol could therefore have immunostimulatory properties when administered to patients suffering from influenza (as shown before), or immunodepressed cancer or AIDS patients who are receiving chemotherapy or other treatments.  (+info)

Anti-herpes simplex virus effect of an aqueous extract of propolis. (6/151)

BACKGROUND: Propolis, a natural product from beehives, comprises a complex of chemicals, the most important group being flavinoids, which play a role in antiviral protection. OBJECTIVES: To test the inhibitory effect of propolis extract against herpes simplex viruses in vitro and in vivo. METHODS: In vitro: propolis was added to Vero cells at various times and concentrations before, at or after infection with HSV-1. In vivo: the effect of propolis was tested in newborn rats infected s.c. or i.p. and on rabbit come as infected with HSV-1. RESULTS: In vitro: 0.5% propolis extract caused 50% inhibition of HSV infection. There was indirect evidence for a strong interaction between the propolis extract and the surface of the Vero cells, but there was no direct interaction with HSV-1 particles. Administration of propolis before or at the time of infection yielded the most significant inhibitory effect, but even when 10% propolis extract was added 2 hours post-infection it gave 80-85% protection. In vivo: as little as 5% propolis prevented the appearance and development of symptoms of local and i.p. HSV-1 infection in rats and of corneal HSV-1 infection in rabbits. There were no cytotoxic effects at a concentration of 10% in vitro or 20% in vivo. CONCLUSIONS: The potent antiviral activity of propolis against HSV-1 infection in vitro and In vivo is probably due to prevention of virus absorption into the host cells and/or inhibition of an internal step(s) during the viral replication cycle.  (+info)

Caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) analogues: potent nitric oxide inhibitors from the Netherlands propolis. (7/151)

The MeOH and water extracts of the Netherlands propolis were tested for their inhibitory activity toward nitric oxide (NO) production in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-activated murine macrophage-like J774.1 cells. Both of the extract possessed significant NO inhibitory activity with IC(50) values of 23.8 and 51.5 microg/ml, respectively. Then 13 phenolic compounds obtained from the MeOH extract showing stronger NO inhibition were examined on their NO inhibitory activities. Caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) analogues, i.e., benzyl caffeate, CAPE and cinnamyl caffeate, possessed most potent NO inhibitory activities with IC(50) values of 13.8, 7.64 and 9.53 microM, respectively, which were two- to four-fold stronger than the positive control N(G)-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA; IC(50), 32.9 microM). Further study on the synthetic analogues of CAPE revealed that both of 3-phenylpropyl caffeate (18; IC(50), 7.34 microM) and 4-phenylbutyl caffeate (19; IC(50), 6.77 microM) possessed stronger NO inhibitory activity than CAPE (10) and that elongation of alkyl side chain of alcoholic parts of caffeic acid esters enhance the NO inhibitory activity. In addition, it was found that CAPE analogues having longer carbon chain (>C(5)) in alcoholic part showed toxic effects toward J774.1 cells. This NO inhibitory effect may directly correlate with antiinflammatory properties of the Netherlands propolis.  (+info)

Effect of a novel type of propolis and its chemical fractions on glucosyltransferases and on growth and adherence of mutans streptococci. (8/151)

Flavonoids have been considered the main biologically active components in propolis. However, a new variety of flavonoid-free propolis was recently found and chemically classified as type 6. Because it showed activity against oral microorganisms, this study evaluated the effects of the crude ethanolic extract of this propolis and its chemical fractions on the activity of purified glucosyltransferases (GTFs) and on the growth and adherence of mutans streptococci. The inhibitory effect of propolis extracts on GTF activities was determined either in solution or adsorbed onto saliva-coated hydroxyapatite. Streptococcus mutans Ingbritt 1600, Streptococcus sobrinus 6715, and two clinical isolates of each species were used for antibacterial assays. Susceptibilities to the test extracts were analyzed using the agar diffusion method and by determining the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC); the effect on bacterial adherence to a glass surface was also assessed. The activity of GTFs in solution was effectively inhibited by the ethanolic extract of propolis type 6 (EEP) (>80% inhibition at 0.5 mg/ml), hexane, and chloroform fractions (60-90% inhibition at 100 microg/ml); their inhibitory effects on surface enzymes were less pronounced. The EEP, hexane, and chloroform fractions also showed significant antibacterial activity. The data showed that propolis type 6 remarkably reduced GTF activity and inhibited mutans streptococci growth and adherence; these biological activities are associated with its nonpolar components.  (+info)

In vitro and in vivo antileishmanial activities of a Brazilian green propolis extract.. Pontin K, Da Silva Filho AA, Santos FF, Silva ML, Cunha WR, Nanayakkara NP, Bastos JK, de Albuquerque S.. Source. Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil.. Abstract. The in vitro antileishmanial activity of Brazilian green propolis hydroalcoholic extract (BPE) were carried out on Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis against both promastigote (doses ranging from 1 to 750 microg mL(-1)) and amastigote (10, 100, and 250 microg mL(-1)) assays in comparison with the positive (amphotericin B) and negative (dimethyl sulfoxide at 1% in physiologic solution) control groups. BPE displayed in vitro antileishmanial activities against promastigote forms of the parasite (p , 0.05). However, it was inactive against its amastigote ones. In the in vitro cytotoxicity assay against Vero cells, BPE showed no cytotoxicity in the maximum doses ...
Price: RM86 | The Brazilian Green Propolis is meant to be consumed. It Relieves menopausal symptoms, strengthens immune system, antioxidant and detoxification.
Effects of raw propolis or water and ethanol extracts of propolis on performance, immune system, and some blood parameters of broiler breeders ...
100% natural, highest quality Green Brazilian Propolis. What is Green Propolis and what is Artepillin C. What is the difference to other kinds of propolis.
Taiwanese green propolis is a prenylated flavonoid rich honeybee product and propolins isolated from Taiwanese green propolis exert a broad spectrum of biological activities, such as anti-cancer and anti-oxidant. However, the anti-bacterial effects of Taiwanese green propolis or propolins are still poorly understood. In the current study, the antibacterial effects of Taiwanese green propolis and propolins were evaluated. Results show that the maximum dry matter yields of Taiwanese green propolis were observed in the 95% and 99.5% ethanol extracts compared to other extraction methods. Consistently, the highest concentration of propolins C, D, F and G from Taiwanese green propolis was obtained in 95% and 99.5% ethanol extracts. Propolins inhibited the growth of gram-positive bacterial strains (Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, Listeria monocytogenes and Paenibacillus larvae). The average minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) of propolins from ethanol
Recent article, published in the Journal of Applied Toxicology, revealed new remarkable ability of Artepillin C - the main component of Brazilian Green propolis. Scientists concluded that Artepillin C prevents the DNA damage induced by chemicals. The exciting news one more time illustrates that Brazilian Green Propolis is indeed the most efficient natural medicine ever discovered. ...
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On the other hand, when the propolis were tested against strains of Escherichia coli, the samples presented weak antimicrobial activity. Mammary explants were maintained in culture for 96 h without a loss in viability, demonstrating the applicability of the model in evaluating the toxicity of propolis. The origin and chemical composition of the propolis had an effect on mammary explant viability. We encountered inhibitory concentrations of 272.4, 171.8, 63.85, and 13.26 μg/mL for the propolis from Água Doce, Urupema, São Joaquim, and Mina Gerais, respectively. A clear association between greater antimicrobial activity and toxicity for mammary explants was observed. Of all propolis tested, the Urupema sample was noteworthy, as it showed antimicrobial activity at less toxic concentrations than the other samples, reducing bacterial growth to an average of 9.3 × 102 cfu/mL after 6 h of contact using 200 μg/mL of extract. The results demonstrate the potential for Brazilian propolis in the ...
Aim of Study: Propolis is a resinous bee product, rich of polyphenolic compounds and flavonoids. It is known that in different geographic zones its chemical composition varies due to the different plant sources. Many biological properties including antimicrobial, antioxidative, anti-inflammatory, antitumoral, antigenotoxic, antimutagenic, cytostatic activities have been ascribed to propolis. These biological effects are predominantly attributed to its content of polyphenols. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the radioprotective effect of ethanolic extract of Turkish propolis. (EETP) against -ray-induced DNA damage on fibroblast cells using comet assay for the first time. Materials and Methods: Fibroblast cells were pretreated 15 and 30 min with concentrations of 100, 200 and 300 g/mL EETP then they were exposed to 3 Gy -rays. Amifostine (synthetic aminothiol compound) was used as a positive control. Results: The results showed a significant decrease in -ray-induced DNA damage on cells treated ...
Dr. Ohhira Propolis PLUS 60 Capsules Brazilian Green Propolis + Probiotic Support + Astaxanthin Honeybees create propolis as a flavonoid-rich, antioxidant and antibacterial substance to coat and seal the interior of their hives. Derived from plant and tree resins, propolis protects the hive from invasion by bad bacteria, mold, and other pathogens. Humans can benefit from propolis by consuming it as a dietary supplement.* Dr. Ohhira combined Brazilian green propolis with probiotic support, flax oil, and astaxanthin to create an innovative whole health supplement. Only Dr. Ohhiras Propolis PLUS provides: •Probiotic Support - powdered form of our fermented vegetable extract for GI tract digestive support* •Vitamin E - Additional antioxidant support with alpha-Tocopherol and Tocotrienol for overall cellular and dermal health* •Astaxanthin - A red carotenoid extracted from Haematococcus seaweed. One of the most complete natural antioxidant and anti-inflammatory substances known to scientists*
Propolis was able to decrease intraperitoneal permeability. The time taken for fluorescence to peak in the systemic circulation was 20 +/- 1 min in the treated group in contrast with 15 +/- 1 min in the control group. In addition, the treatment was shown to down-regulate angiogenesis (Hb content) and fibrosis by decreasing TGF-beta1 levels and collagen deposition in fibroproliferative tissue induced by the synthetic implants. Conversely, the treatment up-regulated inflammatory enzyme activities, TNF-alpha levels and gene expression of NOS2 and IFN-gamma (23 and 7 fold, respectively), and of FIZZ1 and YM1 (8 and 2 fold) when compared with the untreated group ...
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Publications. 1. Mon, E. et al., Regulation of mitochondrial iron homeostasis by sideroflexin 2, The Journal of Physiological Sciences, 2019, 69(2), 359-373.. 2. Takashima, M. et al., Neuroprotective effects of Brazilian green propolis on oxytosis/ferroptosis in mouse hippocampal HT22 cells, Food and Chemical Toxicology, 2019, 132, 110669.. 3. Wang, Y. et al., PM2.5 induces ferroptosis in human endothelial cells through iron overload and redox imbalance, Environmental Pollution, 2019, 254(A), 112937.. 4. Yambire, K. et al., Impaired lysosomal acidification triggers iron deficiency, necrotic cell death and inflammation in vivo, bioRxiv, 2019, doi: https://doi.org/10.1101/710798.. 5. Kagan, V. et al., Oxidized Arachidonic/Adrenic Phosphatidylethanolamines Navigate Cells to Ferroptosis, Nat. Chem. Biol., 2017, 13(1), 81.. 6. Dar, H. et al., Pseudomonas aeruginosa utilizes host polyunsaturated phosphatidylethanolamines to trigger theft-ferroptosis in bronchial epithelium, J Clin Invest. ...
Publications. 1. Mon, E. et al., Regulation of mitochondrial iron homeostasis by sideroflexin 2, The Journal of Physiological Sciences, 2019, 69(2), 359-373.. 2. Takashima, M. et al., Neuroprotective effects of Brazilian green propolis on oxytosis/ferroptosis in mouse hippocampal HT22 cells, Food and Chemical Toxicology, 2019, 132, 110669.. 3. Wang, Y. et al., PM2.5 induces ferroptosis in human endothelial cells through iron overload and redox imbalance, Environmental Pollution, 2019, 254(A), 112937.. 4. Yambire, K. et al., Impaired lysosomal acidification triggers iron deficiency, necrotic cell death and inflammation in vivo, bioRxiv, 2019, doi: https://doi.org/10.1101/710798.. 5. Kagan, V. et al., Oxidized Arachidonic/Adrenic Phosphatidylethanolamines Navigate Cells to Ferroptosis, Nat. Chem. Biol., 2017, 13(1), 81.. 6. Dar, H. et al., Pseudomonas aeruginosa utilizes host polyunsaturated phosphatidylethanolamines to trigger theft-ferroptosis in bronchial epithelium, J Clin Invest. ...
To evaluate and compare the effects of ethanolic extracts of Malaysian propolis and Brazilian red propolis at different concentrations on the migration and proliferation of fibroblast cells. Malaysian and Brazilian red propolis crude samples were extracted using ethanol. Their wound healing effects were tested in vitro on the normal human fibroblast cell line CRL-7522. Cell migration and proliferation assays were carried out using propolis concentrations of 1, 10, 100, 250, 500 and 1000 μg/mL. The data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA and post hoc Bonferroni tests (α = 0.05). Malaysian and Brazilian red propolis followed a concentration-dependent increasing and decreasing trend. Malaysian propolis showed the fastest migration rate at 250 μg/mL which was statistically significant (p | 0.05) and maximum proliferation at 500 μg/mL with no significant difference (p | 0.05) compared to control. Brazilian red propolis showed a slight increase in migration and proliferation at 10 and 100 μg/mL,
In the last years, particular interest has been given to investigations concerning natural, effective and nontoxic compounds with radioprotective capacity in concert with increasing utilization of different types of ionizing radiation for various applications. Among them, propolis, a resinous mixture of substances collected by honey bees (Apis mellifera) has been considered promising since it presents several advantageous characteristics, i.e., anti-inflamatory, anticarcinogenic, antimicrobial and free-radical scavenging action. It is, therefore, a direct antioxidant that protects cells and organisms from the adverse effects of ionizing radiation. These relevant biological activities are mainly mediated by the flavonoids, present at relatively high concentrations in the propolis. Considering that the chemical composition and, consequently, the biological activity of propolis is variable according to the environmental plant ecology, the present study was conducted in order to evaluate the ...
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Objectives: Dental implant is the reconstructive material that supports prosthetic restoration when one or more teeth is missing. Bone healing around the implant and factors that affect the bone healing affects osseointegration. Recent studies show that, free radicals are among the factors that affect the bone healing. Propolis has an antioxidant nature and effects on accelerating the bone formation, wound healing and increasing the bone density. This study is planned presuming propolis could have a positive effect on healing by reducing the free radical levels through antioxidant activity after implantation.. Materials and Methods: 24 New Zealand white rabbits were used in the study. Animals were divided into 3 groups, each consisting of 8 rabbits. In all groups, implants were placed into the proximal region of tibia unilaterally. In the control group, only the dental implant was placed in the prepared slot. Propolis solution [dissolved in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and diluted with saline] was ...
NUTRIDOM Bee Propolis Spray 30ml x 6 bottles by Nutridom at LBY 3319. MPN: N135. Hurry! Limited time offer. Offer valid only while supplies last. Bee Propolis is a type of antimicrobial glue that bees collect from tree buds, sap and/or other botanical sources. Not only it is rich in nutrients such as vitamins B1, B2 and calcium, it provides structural support as it is used to fill unwanted open spaces in the hive, stopping intruders from entering. Bee Propolis is naturally sticky at and above room temperatu
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine (eCAM) is an international peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that seeks to understand the sources and to encourage rigorous research in this new, yet ancient world of complementary and alternative medicine.
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine (eCAM) is an international peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that seeks to understand the sources and to encourage rigorous research in this new, yet ancient world of complementary and alternative medicine.
Introduction. Gentamicin is commonly used aminoglycoside antibiotic for the treatment of various bacterial infections. The recommended routes of administration of gentamicin are intravenous, intramuscular, intraperitoneal or topical as it is not sufficiently absorbed by the intestinal tract.1,2 However, potential clinical use of gentamicin is limited due to gentamicin-induced toxicity, even at doses slightly higher than recommended doses. Gentamicin can cause tissue injury such as nephrotoxicity, ototoxicity3,4 and liver toxicity,5 possibly through generation of free oxygen radicals. Nephrotoxicity of gentamicin arises due to its accumulation in renal cortical tubular epithelial cells.2 Although the pathogenesis of gentamicin-induced acute kidney injury (AKI) has been the focus of a large number of studies, the underlying mechanisms are not yet fully elucidated. Recent studies suggest that gentamicin nephrotoxicity is a complex and multifaceted process in which gentamicin triggers cellular ...
Dietary artepillin C suppresses the formation of aberrant crypt foci induced by azoxymethane in mouse colon.. Shimizu K, Das SK, Baba M, Matsuura Y, Kanazawa K.. Source. Department of Life Science, Graduate School of Science and Technology, Kobe University, Rokkodai, Nada-ku, Kobe 657-8501, Japan.. Abstract. Artepillin C, a prenylated phenylpropanoid found specifically in Brazilian propolis, has been shown to be a bioavailable antioxidant. In this study, artepillin C was tested for colon cancer-preventing activity using azoxymethane-challenged ddY mice. Oral doses of 80 and 160 mg/kg body weight of propolis or 10mg/kg of artepillin C (equi-amounts to 160 mg propolis) reduced significantly the frequency of colonic aberrant crypt foci (ACF) by 39.2, 43.7 and 43.4%, respectively. In liver of the mice, glutathione S-transferase and NADPH:quinone reductase activity increased with the doses of propolis or artepillin C, and an antioxidant-responsive element (ARE) was found to be activated for binding ...
6. Learn about side effects and warnings. The most common side effects when using bee propolis are allergic reactions which can range from mild upset stomach to athsma, anaphylaxis and even death for people who are extremely allergic to bee products. If you are allergic to bee pollen, honey or poplar or conifer trees you are at risk of a severe allergic reaction and should not use bee propolis. The effects of propolis during pregnancy and nursing is not yet known so it should be avoided during these times ...
Bee Propolis is a resinous substance collected by honey bees from tree sap to help seal and protect the hive. It is often referred to as a natural antibiotic and has been used for over 2000 years in folk medicine to prevent wound infections and other illnesses. Bee Propolis has been shown to have powerful antibacterial
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Green propolis presents a potential source of bioactive compounds, responsible for its antioxidant capacity. The effects of ethanol concentration, solid-solvent ratio, and extraction time were evaluated in regard to the total phenolic content (TPC) and antioxidant capacity of the extracts by the use of central composite rotatable designs. Optimum extraction conditions lead to significant reduction of extraction time compared to conventional extraction methods. Under optimum conditions, extracts were composed of 1614.80 mg GAE. g−1 and 807 mg artepillin C. g−1. Extracts were effective in retarding the oxidation in oil-in-water emulsions subjected to accelerated tests. Green propolis extracts (up to 200 mg.kg−1) did not increase Saccharomyces cerevisiae cell damage after 4 h of exposure, indicating its antioxidant effect and potential innocuity. Results demonstrated the antioxidant properties of the propolis extract was similar or better than the ones from synthetic antioxidants and warrant further
1. Brumfitt W, Hamilton-Miller JMT, Franklin I. Antibiotic activity of natural products: 1. Propolis. Microbios. 1990;62:19-22. 2. Burdock GA. Review of the biological properties and toxicity of bee propolis (propolis). Food Chem Toxicol. 1998;36:347-363. 3. Grange JM, Davey RW. Antibacterial properties of propolis (bee glue). J R Soc Med. 1990;83:159-160. 4. Ikeno K, Ikeno T, Miyazawa C. Effects of propolis on dental caries in rats. Caries Res. 1991;25:347-351. 5. Metzner J, Bekemeier H, Paintz P, et al. On the antimicrobial activity of propolis and propolis constituents [in German; English abstract]. Pharmazie. 1979;34:97-102. 6. Scheller S, Tustanowski J, Kurylo B, et al. Biological properties and clinical application of propolis. III. Investigation of the sensitivity of staphylococci isolated from pathological cases to ethanol extract of propolis (EEP). Attempts on inducing resistance in laboratory Staphylococcus strain to EEP. Arzneimittelforschung. 1977;27:1395. 7. Takaisi-Kikuni NB, ...
Propolis has been used for its health benefits, due to high phenolic content. Recently it has been shown that the extraction methods which yielded phenolic molecules, affected the anti-oxidant and anticancer effect of propolis. In our previous study we showed that biotransformation of propolis via Lactobacillus plantarum might increase antioxidative effect. In this study, we investigated the cytotoxic effect of this propolis sample on A375 melanoma cells. The propolis samples were extracted in water. The phenolic molecules were determined with LC MS/MS. Cytotoxicity was evaluated by means of the WST. Water-extracted propolis samples were incubated with L. plantarum (1.5%) in 37 °C for 24 h. A375 cells were treated by propolis with doses of from 25 to 1000 µg/mL, for periods of 24 h, 48 h and 72 h. Cytotoxicity MTT tests were performed. The significantly high phenolic compounds mainly; Quercetine (514 ng/mL), rutin (623 ng/mL), ellagic acid (331 ng/mL), epicatechin (125 ng/mL) were found in propolis
Chemical characterization and in vitro antimicrobial activity of honeybee propolis and Scaptotrigona jujuyensis geopropolis against tomato pathogenic bacteria
Adhesion of Candida cells to surfaces is considered the first step in colonization. Some natural products, such as propolis, could be used to block cell adhesion and therefore preventing colonization. In this study, Egyptian propolis ethanol extract concentrations in the range of 25 to 125 ng/μL were used to inhibit the adhesion of oral Candida. The exopolysaccharides showed a 2.5-fold decrease, while the surface-bound exopolysaccharides showed only about 1.15-fold decrease. On the other hand, surface-bound proteins decreased by 7.5-fold upon the addition of 75 ng/μL propolis. The inhibition of adhesion was detected by scanning electron microscopy. The non-slip incubation assay showed a significant decrease in germ tube formation (GTF) compared with an increase upon the addition of fetal bovine serum and corn meal, both of which had a positive effect on GTF compared with a negative GTF effect when using propolis, suggesting that propolis could be considered a quorum-sensing molecule. The ...
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Bee propolis not only guards beehives against intruders, but it can also fend off and treat all kinds of unwanted health conditions. Learn how to use, including dosage.
The early research on propolis was mostly done in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union. Laboratory tests demonstrated that propolis on its own is effective against over 20 kinds of bacteria. Clinical studies also demonstrated that propolis was effective against various kinds of bacterial, fungal, and viral infections. Dr. Kravcuk of Kiev found that propolis was effective against sore throats and dry coughs in 90% of 260 patients. A recent study by Serkedjieva, et al, showed that the active ingredients in propolis significantly inhibited the Hong Kong flu virus. In a recent study, Egyptian researchers examined two types of propolis and found they exhibited antibacterial activity against the bacteria Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli as well as the fungus candida albicans. In a March 2004 article in the Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, an herbal formula containing echinacea, propolis, and vitamin C was tested on 430 children in a double blind placebo controlled study. ...
Propolis has been used for wound-healing for thousands of years. During World Wars I and II, soldiers used propolis to prevent their wounds from becoming infected and to speed the healing process. The early research work on propolis was mostly done in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union, consisting of highly technical laboratory studies as well as controlled clinical trials. Laboratory tests showed that propolis on its own is effective against over 20 kinds of bacteria.(1) Clinical studies from the former Soviet Union,(2) Romania,(3) and China,(4) demonstrated that propolis was effective against various kinds of bacterial, fungal, and viral infections. Dr. Kravcuk of Kiev found that propolis was effective against sore throats and dry coughs in 90% of 260 patients.(5) A recent study by Serkedjieva, et al, showed that the active ingredients in propolis significantly inhibited the Hong Kong flu virus.(6) Therefore, propolis might be a good agent to prevent and treat the common cold and flu. ...
Bee propolis extract is a substance that bees use to coat the inside of their hives. People have used it for hundreds of years for its various health benefits, some of which have been substantiated in clinical studies.Killing MicroorganismsAccording to the Langone Medical Center, propolis is active against microorganisms that attack humans, including bacteria, viruses and protozoans.Immune BoostIn a study performed by Professor S. Scheller who heads a team of doctors at the Medical Academy in Poland, propolis can stimulate the immune system by increasing the formation of antibodies, according to the Beepropolis.info website.Healing Propert...
Beauty and the Bee s - Bee Propolis Lip Balm 100% natural beeswax, softens, soothes, protects. Ingredients: cocus nucifera (coconut) oil, olea europaena (olive) fruit oil, cera flava, (beeswax), propolis tincture, butyrospermum parkii, (shea) butter, lanolin, citrus grandis (grapefruit) seed extract, vitamin E, tocoph
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Fights sore throats and oral inflammation Combats bacteria that cause bad breath Potent immunity support Source of antioxidants Bee Propolis is a potent antimicrobial agent that bees use to protect their hives. We harnessed its power to create an immunity supporter thats second to none at fighting infections and infla
Helps relieve sore throat and/or other mouth and throat infections. Benefits: Antioxidant and anti-microbial properties for maintenance of good health Potent immunity boost Relieves sore throat and other mouth/throat infections Antibiotic residue-free Bee colonies are from multi flowers source; much healthier for the environment than mono-agricultural bee coloniesIf you are sensitive to alcohol, consider our alcohol free Bee Propolis.
Bee Propolis soothes and heals sore throats, oral infections, and other inflammations of the throat and mouth. Available in 100ml. Easy liquid format for direct deliveryFights canker sores and oral inflammationCombats bacteria that cause bad breathPotent immunity supportSource of antioxidantsCollected from honey bees
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Bee propolis throat spray is a natural remedy for sore throats. Featuring nourishing and soothing propolis blended with herbs. Available in 1 fl oz.
2 Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Faculty of Veterinary, Ahvaz, Iran DOI : 10.4194/1303-2712-v18_11_01 Viewed : 2062 - Downloaded : 1628 In this study, the effects of oral administration of an alcoholic and aqueous extract of propolis on growth performance indices, hematological parameters and immune responses of Cyprinus carpio were investigated. Six hundred and thirty juvenile Cyprinus carpio (weighing 58.5 ±4.2 g, Mean±SD) were randomly divided into seven equal groups in triplicates. Three groups (G1 to G3) were fed diets containing 0.1%, 0.25% and 0.5% of Propolis-ethanolic Extract (PEE) respectively, whereas groups 4 to 6 were fed a diet containing the same level of Propolis Aqueous Extract (PAE), group seven was received free extract normal food. Growth indices and hemato-immunological parameters in treated fish were evaluated and compared among the groups. The results showed a significant increase in serum lysozyme activity, total serum protein and globulin in fish fed diets ...
100% Natural Quick & efficient throat infection spray with Local Bees Propolis, honey, sage, Thyme, Tormentil Aids sore throat and throat infection. Fast (pain) relief. 100% natural remedy. Ideal for children from +1 year old External use: Quick & efficient aid for throat pain & throat infection. Strong &a
Propolis is a beehive product that is often referred to as bee glue.. The resin like substance is used to fill small gaps in the hive to protect their colonies from harmful disease and harsh environment.. Propolis extract is a complex chemical, which is processed by honeybees combining their own saliva and resins collected from trees and plants.. Bee glue varies considerably from region to region, along with the vegetation.. In northern temperate climates, for example, bees collect resins from trees, such as poplars and conifers.. While Brazilian propolis uses Baccharis, a native plant from Brazil, it is the most important botanical source of Southeastern Brazilian propolis, known as green propolis because of its color.. Green propolis has a completely different composition from those found in Northern regions. There are several species of plant found in Brazils tropical climate for extraction of this resin. However, until recently, few species were identified, but roast-fish, aroeira, rosemary ...
A própolis verde é produzida pelas abelhas Apis mellifera no estado de Minas Gerais, Brasil, a partir da coleta de substância resinosa dos ápices vegetativos de Baccharis dracunculifolia. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar os parâmetros biológicos associados à interação Apis mellifera x Baccharis dracunculifolia, visando elucidar o fornecimento de resina da espécie para a produção de própolis verde em Minas Gerais. Foram selecionados indivíduos masculinos e femininos em duas populações de Baccharis dracunculifolia localizadas na Fazenda São Judas Tadeu - FSJT, município de Betim, MG, e no Horto Experimental da Fundação Ezequiel Dias - HORTO, em área urbana no município de Belo Horizonte, MG. Foram observados semanalmente, entre junho de 2007 e junho de 2008, a riqueza e abundância de insetos visitantes; visitação de Apis mellifera para coleta de resina; presença de galhas de Baccharopelma dracunculifoliae; crescimento dos indivíduos de Baccharis dracunculifolia e ...
The search for natural compounds stimulate tissue repair is a target. The current experimental investigation evaluated the effectiveness of propolis compared with honey/cod liver oil mixture, Mebo and panthenol, for treatment of surgically induced full-thicknesses skin wounds in the back region in dogs. Clinical wound characters following propolis treatment proved good and showed marked reduction in wound dimension and formation of healthy scar. The quantification of observation concerning the histological parameters involved in wound healing indicated that the propolis treated wounds proved advantageous. It could be concluded that propolis accelerates wound healing and it is advisable to be used for wound dressing due to its clinical value and easy application.. Key words: Propolis, Dogs, Wounds, Dressing, Healing, Histological evaluation. ...
A study was done on the effects of bee propolis on Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis (RAS) -- also known as canker sores -- at the Harvard School of Dental Medicine. Canker sores are an ulcerative disorder of the oral cavity. They have no cure and medicine used to prevent further outbreaks and relieve pain comes with its own set of dangerous side-effects. Bee propolis was evaluated as a potential remedy to reduce the number of mouth ulcer outbreaks. There were two groups of patients, one group who took a placebo capsule and the other group who took a propolis capsule. Patients who took the propolis capsule showed a significant decrease in the number of outbreaks of mouth ulcers. Another great effect of the propolis was that the patients reported a definite improvement in their quality of life. This would likely be due to the immune boosting effects that propolis has with its high levels of B-vitamin complex and notable quantities of vitamin C, E, and beta-carotene. ...
Propolis is known to have abundant bioactive constituents and a variety of biological activities. To investigate the effect of Brazilian propolis on insulin resistance, 10-week-old Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rats, a non-insulin-dependent type 2 diabetic model, were treated for 4 weeks with propolis (100 and 300 mg/kg, p.o.) or vehicle (control). Propolis treatment significantly decreased the plasma levels of insulin and insulin resistance index (Homeostasis Model Assessment-Insulin Resistance; HOM-IR), without affecting blood glucose levels and tended to lower systolic blood pressure compared with the control. In isolated and perfused mesenteric vascular beds of OLETF rats, propolis treatment resulted in significant reduction of sympathetic nerve-mediated vasoconstrictor response to periarterial nerve stimulation (PNS) and tended to increase calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) nerve-mediated vasodilator response to PNS compared with in vehicle-treated OLETF rats. However, ...
Brazilian Green Party denounces Brazilian State in international court for crimes against humanity. In the petition, Brazilian Green Party affirms that the poor conduct of the Bolsonaro administration vis-à-vis COVID-19, which has already killed 100,000 people, is a serious violation of international human rights agreements.. On Monday (10), the Green Party protocol a complaint against the Brazilian State for Crime Against Humanity at the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights of the Organization of American States - OAS. Among the accusations, Brazilian Greens affirm that the neglect of the federal government, which has already claimed the lives of 100,000 Brazilians, demonstrates the clear non-compliance with articles of the pact of the American Convention on Human Rights (San José Pact).. In the extensive document, which shows a compilation of complaints made to the government, Brazilian Greens present facts that constitute violations of the American Convention on Human Rights (Pact of ...
In this study, we showed that EEBP inhibited ERK1/2 activation. We previously reported that Brazilian propolis, collected from Baccharis dracunculifolia DC. in Minas Gerais State, were composed mainly of artepillin C, caffeic acid and p-coumaric acid (23,37). We also reported recently that several constituents of Brazilian and Uruguayan propolis possessed antiangiogenic activities with varying degrees (38). We would like to further investigate which constituents of the propolis are responsible for ERK1/2 inactivation in endothelial cells. Although EEBP and U0126 had very similar effects on tube formation inhibition and apoptosis induction, it should be noted that the propolis exhibited stronger antiangiogenic activities, such as inhibiting elongation of endothelial cells during tube formation, than those of U0126. Such results suggest a possibility that there might be mechanism(s) other than ERK1/2 inactivation in angiogenesis suppression by EEBP. We would like to further investigate how the ...
Background: New drugs must be designed and synthesized for combating resistant pathogens. In this study, antibacterial and antifungal activities of 4 new derivatives of 1,3,4-oxadiazole were assessed against 8 bacterial and 2 fungal pathogens. Methods: To this end, the cinnamic acid derivatives were dissolved in acetonitrile solvent and N-iso-ciano-imino-triphenyl-phosphorane was added to the above-mentioned solution, followed by applying Petroleum ether and Ethyl acetate as solvent and base. Then, antimicrobial susceptibility tests were used to determine inhibition zone diameter, minimum inhibitory concentration, the minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC), and minimum fungicidal concentration (MFC) values. Results: The chemical structure of all compounds was characterized with infrared spectra, 1H-NMR, and 13C-NMR. A variety of inhibitory effects were observed by the synthesized compounds. Methoxyphenyl derivative (3c) affected bacterial strains, especially Streptococcus mutans. Other compounds also
Among cinnamic acid derivatives, ferulic acid and sodium salt of cinnamic acid (INCI: sodium cinnamate) are currently indexed in the CosIng Database as antimicrobial agents whose function in cosmetics is to control the growth of microorganisms on the skin 12.
In this study, propolis of group 13 was chosen, as it is the most commercialized in the northeast of Brazil and shows high biological activity. Its botanical origin is Dalbergia ecastophyllum and can be found in the northeast of Brazil inside the mangrove swamps. The botanical origin was verified by observation and different chromatographic methods / histological exams ...
Conforer Global Sdn Bhd - BRAZIL GREEN PROPOLIS EXTRACT ( 1 Box @ 3 Bottle ) Healthy Care Kuala Lumpur (KL), Malaysia, Selangor, Pandan Jaya Products, Supplements, Supplier, Supply, Conforer Global Sdn Bhd is a health products supplier company. Our main office is located in Pandan Jaya, Kuala Lumpur (KL), Malaysia.
Finally, for long term management and to help prevent severity of seasonal allergies, it is best to start addressing immune imbalances months before the onset of allergy symptoms, if not year round. A great ingredient which helps support immune function and modulation is bee propolis.. Bee propolis, a resin which bees collect from buds of plants & trees, contains a broad spectrum of vitamins, minerals and phytonutrients and is high in phenolic compounds, potent antioxidant substances which have anti-inflammatory properties [6]. Propolis has been found to effectively modulate the immune system without over stimulating it [7] and is a great natural remedy for hay fever.. Quality supplementation is key to help relieve allergy symptoms naturally. An effective combination for immune modulation and antihistamine supplementation would be Bee Prepared Immune Support Max Strength. Bee Prepared Max Strength contains therapeutic doses of bee propolis extract, elderberry extract and reishi mushroom extract ...
baccharin: antileukemic trichothecene triepoxide isolated from Baccharis megapotamica, a higher plant but may be plant-altered fungal metabolite; structure
CHAPTER 3 Methods and Procedures This chapter presents the methodology and procedures used to determine the renal protective property of crude extract in...
Propolis is a sticky substance that bees make which is better known as bee glue. The process begins when an expert propolis-making bee gathers resin from cone-producing evergreen trees or from the buds of trees. The bee will gather this sticky sap when the proper weather makes it pliable and soft. After the bee gathers enough, he blends the resin with wax flakes that he stores in the gland of his abdomen. After the bee has shaped it into a ball, he tucks it into the pollen basket that is attached to his leg. The bee will continue until the basket is full, then take it back to the hive. At this point, the propolis is unloaded and used to patch up holes in the hive. Bees also use propolis as an antiseptic barrier covering invaders with the sticky substance to prevent hive contamination. ...
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After she finished the last bottle we figured it would be good to take a break. Two weeks. You could see the redness irritation flaring up again. I think we will just keep it up and not take a break next time. We will try reducing the dosage. What is happening is the shallow bumps scales vanish quickly and the deeper lumpy ones become more superficial and seem to be coming to the surface of the skin. Obviously these will take longer to fully heal. She said the persistant scalies went first ...
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Propolis is a honey bee product which contains many active compounds, such as CAPE or chrysin, and has many beneficial activities. Recently, its anti-tumor properties have been discussed. We have tested whether the ethanolic extract of propolis (EEP) interferes with temozolomide (TMZ) to inhibit U87MG cell line growth. The U87MG glioblastoma cell line was exposed to TMZ (10-100 μM), EEP (10-100 μg/ml) or a mixture of TMZ and EEP during 24, 48 or 72 hours. The cell division was examined by the H3-thymidine incorporation, while the western blot method was used for detection of p65 subunit of NF-κB and ELISA test to measure the concentration of its p50 subunit in the nucleus. We have found that both, TMZ and EEP administrated alone, had a dose- and time-dependent inhibitory effect on the U87MG cell line growth, which was manifested by gradual reduction of cell viability and alterations in proliferation rate. The anti-tumor effect of TMZ (20 μM) was enhanced by EEP, which was especially well observed
Save 24% Y.S. Organic Bee Farms - Ultra Mega Strength Propolis 1,000 mg 90 Capsules Ultra Mega Strength Propolis 1000 Super Premium Quality Full Potency & Purity Organic Pioneer Since 1995 Propolis is a resinous substance gathered by the bees from certain select trees and used to line the hive to keep the hive sterile and bee colony healthy. Bee Propolis is one of natures richest sources of bioflavonoids. Y.S Beekeepers of Generations have been dedicated to research and develop the highest quality Bee Products.
The Brazilian Green Party demonstrates enormous concern on the current direction of the Federal Government. The governments agendas fail to address the important issues of climate crisis, sustainability, respect to democratic freedom and social justice. ...
Made from 100% stabilised Aloe Vera gel with the added benefit of bee propolis, a natural antibiotic product of the beehive. This is a rich soothing cream. Propolis is a natural
Altacura - the most natural antibiotic ever. by Ivan S. Pullicino B.Pharm. (Hons.) M.Sc.. Propolis is the most natural antibiotic man has ever discovered. The remarkable thing about this statement is the fact that this discovery took place some 2000 years ago. A lot of people probably havent even heard about Propolis, and yet, ancient herbal books prescribed Propolis for numerous complaints. The anti-bacterial qualities of this medicine have been known since the beginning of written history. Bee Propolis is a blend of resinous sap from trees, beeswax, and enzymes which after chewed by the honeybee, and with the addition of saliva, other substances are formed thus making up the finished product. It contains at least 150 different substances that interact in perfect harmony with each other. Propolis is of vital importance for the survival of the bees. Not only does it protect them against diseases, but also against climatic changes, such as wind and cold. Beehives are one of the most sterile ...
Shop & Review Cosrx Full Fit Propolis Synergy Toner and Korean Japanese Taiwanese skincare in Canada & USA. We ship fast from Vancouver BC with samples and FREE shipping over $60* CAD! -- The Cosrx Full Fit Propolis Synergy Toner Ampoule is formulated with 72.6% black bee propolis extract and 10% honey extract to nourish and hydrate the skin. Propolis extract helps strengthen the moisture barrier for proper oil-moisture balance while improving skin elasticity and texture for a radiant honey-dewy glow.
Running out of sick days? Meet propolis, your bodyguard in a bottle. Prized as the immune system of the hive, propolis has incredible germ fighting properties and even contains over 300 beneficial vitamins, minerals, and compounds-making it natures ultimate defender.Bee propolis is also a mighty ally in combating free
Welcome To The Bees Bee pollen is one of the most complete foods when it comes to nutrition. The natural food was once described by the German naturalist, Francis Huber as
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Propolis, green propolis, royal jelly from honey maximizes the moisture and nutrition level onto dry and dehydrated skin.The natural cellulose mask sheet contains honey nutrition and it is very light and easy to lay on the face. (Size: 30ml). ...
Full of 3 types of nutritious honey (Propolis, Green Propolis, Royal jelly) giving your skin a honey-glowing skin texture! Features: Maximum moisture and nutrition for dry, dehydrated skin. Nutritious honey for dry skin! How to Use: After carefully cleaning your face, prepare your face with a lotion/balancer. Pull out
Bees play a crucial role in our daily lives by pollinating a third of all we eat as well as grasses that cows and other animals eat; without bees our world wouldnt be nearly as pretty, as they pollinate flowers, plants and trees as well. We can also thank bees for the unique and healthful substances they produce.
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5 5 All AreasClassroomCommons and CafeteriaHallwaysRestrooms being responsible by demonstrating good morals and accountabilityresponsible Be on time and prepared Obey all school rules Clean up after yourself Be courteous to others Be on time and prepared for class with materials and homework Complete classroom assignments efficiently Show appreciation and courtesy to service personnel Recycle Respect others belongings Keep to the right to let others pass Be in the right place at the right time Keep hallways clear and clean Behave appropriately with your peers Dispose of trash properly Use facilities in a timely manner Wash hands with soap and water and turn off faucets valuing other peoples opinions and thoughts while treating them with dignity Respect property Use appropriate language Be kind to one another Follow directions Be an active listener Be considerate of other peoples learning abilities, thoughts, feelings, and property Use school equipment carefully Be appreciative and ...
All thats left to do is carve that baby up and cover it with frosting! Pro tip: Freeze the cake before carving to make the crumbs firm and easy to slice. A drumsticks super easy to make. Use a small knife. Cut a small piece for the bottom, them slice the top into a rounded oblong shape. ...
A retiree says theres more bounce in his hair and his step. Could it be the bee capsules hes been taking? Maybe--and maybe not--says Ed Blonz. The nutrition columnist touches on the contents, claims and the doubts about bee products.. ...
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I call Medtronic to see what my options are - either I return the un-returnable medical supplies that I cannot use OR I see if a larger pump is covered under my current pump warranty (expires spring 2015 - eep!) and their legal definition of medical necessity. Fortunately, since their customer service rocks as I said, they were quick to discover that YES! I am entitled to a new pump… but its on back order for at least 5 to 6 weeks due to increased demand for the 3.0 mL size snazzy, updated MiniMed pump. Knowing I cant use the supplies I have on hand and cant go without insulin for the next month and a half, Medtronic generously covered a box of the 1.8 mL size reservoirs for me so as to get me through the wait time. Thanks, Medtronic! Grumble, supply company, thanks for screwing with my supplies and demand ...
Eep! Sorry, I meant to reply to this. Id love to have a gallon, to see how I like it, and if I like it a lot, I might end up wanting a gallon every three weeks or so. Thanks for posting this ...
Propolis[edit]. Main article: Propolis. Propolis is a resinous mixture collected by honey bees from tree buds, sap flows or ... "Propolis:MedlinePlus Supplements". U.S. National Library of Medicine. January 19, 2012.. ... Simone-Finstrom, Michael; Spivak, Marla (May-June 2010). "Propolis and bee health: The natural history and significance of ... tincture of Propolis is marketed as a cold and flu remedy), it may cause severe allergic reactions in some individuals.[51] ...
When the apartment was opened to visitors, fiction and reality appeared superimposed". Pro Polis (1993) was Haeussler's first ... Pro Polis. Lenbachhaus, München/Mailand: Goethe Institut Mailand and Städtische Galerie. Kingwell, 2007 (Kumlehn, 1995) Die ... hotel intervention, staged in a three-star Hotel near the Duomo in Milano,"ProPolis" - Hotel Gritti ***, Milano. Italy. The ...
Although propolis is alleged to have health benefits (tincture of propolis is marketed as a cold and flu remedy), it may cause ... Propolis is a resinous mixture collected by honey bees from tree buds, sap flows or other botanical sources, which is used as a ... Propolis is also used in wood finishes, and gives a Stradivarius violin its unique red color. Royal jelly is a honey bee ... "Propolis:MedlinePlus Supplements". U.S. National Library of Medicine. January 19, 2012. Gambichler T; Boms S; Freitag M (April ...
"Propolis:MedlinePlus Supplements". U.S. National Library of Medicine. 19 January 2012. Archived from the original on 30 June ... Beekeepers collect honey, beeswax, propolis, pollen, and royal jelly from hives; bees are also kept to pollinate crops and to ... They also produce some substances used as dietary supplements with possible health benefits, pollen, propolis, and royal jelly ... propolis, beeswax and apitoxin (Bee venom). The claim that apitherapy treats cancer, which some proponents of apitherapy make, ...
World Propolis Science Forum. 27 January 2012. Retrieved 1 September 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Apiacta ...
More recently, she has begun studying the role of resins, which bees collect and mix with wax to make propolis coatings on the ... "Tech Teams - Bee Informed Partnership". Spivak, Marla (March 2013). "The Benefits of Propolis" (PDF). Bee Craft Magazine. ...
Royal jelly, bee pollen and propolis. Sauerkraut. Sea vegetables. Umeboshi. Frozen bee pollen, a human food supplement Kimchi ...
"The use of propolis as vaccine's adjuvant". Vaccine. 31: 1. doi:10.1016/j.vaccine.2012.10.095. Jones, Stacy V. (19 September ... propolis (only in preclinical studies), Adjuvant 65 (based on peanut oil. Adjuvant 65 was tested in influenza vaccines in the ...
Pollen, beeswax, and propolis are also produced. Beekeepers provide pollination services to horticulturalists, which generates ...
"The use of propolis as vaccine's adjuvant". Vaccine. 31: 1. doi:10.1016/j.vaccine.2012.10.095. Barbara Deeb, DVM, MS Assistant ... Ahmad, Ahmad TA; Rammah; Sheweita; Haroun; El-Sayed (2018). "The enhancement of the Pasteurella's bacterin by propolis extracts ...
It contains royal jelly and propolis extracts. While originally sold as a medical health drink with carbonation added, the ...
Propolis exhibits notable antibacterial and antiviral properties. The pharmacological properties of propolis are dependent on a ... This substance called propolis also has favorable mechanical properties and is used by T. iridipennis to protect its nest from ... iridipennis gathers propolis to reinforce its nest, people have harvested it and discovered it to have a wide spectrum of ... "Anticancer Activity of Indian Stingless Bee Propolis: An In Vitro Study". Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine ...
They do make abundant use of propolis. One or two sentry bees are always present at the entrance of the hive. If the colony is ...
Propolis can be collected on special plastic propolis screens. The tendency of the bees is to use propolis as a glue to seal ... The propolis screen can be frozen which hardens the propolis. Once the propolis is frozen it can be easily knocked off and ... Propolis is another byproduct of the bee hive. Certain races of bees are more prone to using propolis. ... A propolis screen is usually put in place of an inner cover. It has small openings that are propolized by the bees. ...
... is used for green propolis production. The Plant List, Baccharis dracunculifolia DC. Cabrera, A. L. ... the main botanical source of Brazilian green propolis, displays antiulcer activity". J Pharm Pharmacol. 59 (4): 603-8. doi: ...
Some beekeepers will also harvest (before uncapping the honey) the propolis, a resinous material bees gather to glue the frames ... together; propolis is used for its supposed medicinal properties. Once uncapped, the frames are then placed in a honey ...
Spooner BM (1990). "Coccomyces and Propolis (Rhytismatales) from Mt Kinabalu, Borneo". Kew Bulletin. 45 (3): 451-84. doi: ...
Bosio K; Avanzini C; D'Avolio A; Ozino O; Savoia D (2000). "In vitro activity of propolis against Streptococcus pyogenes". ... It is an antioxidant found in damiana, honey, fingerroot, and propolis. Pinocembrin can be converted biosynthetically to ...
... creates propolis with plant secretions, saliva, and wax. It seals the nest but also has significant ... The propolis from S. postica reduces production of pocornavirus 64-fold, production of influenza virus 32-fold, and production ... "Antviral effects of scaptotrigona postica propolis and their fractions".. ...
Mellitiosporium Corda Naemacyclus Phragmiticola Sherwood Propolina Propolis Ramomarthamyces "Marthamycetaceae". www.gbif.org. ...
Pollen, beeswax, and propolis are also produced and exported. Beekeepers provide pollination services to horticulturists, which ...
These include The Wardrobe Ensemble, Propolis Theatre and INKBLOC ensemble. Some of their other projects include Firebird, ...
An analysis of propolis from Henan, China found sinapinic acid, isoferulic acid, caffeic acid and chrysin, with the first three ... Qiao Z; Chen R (August 1991). "[Isolation and identification of antibiotic constituents of propolis from Henan]". Zhongguo ...
"Histological analysis of rat dental pulp tissue capped with propolis". Journal of Oral Science. 47 (3): 135-138. doi:10.2334/ ...
This anti-cancer effect was also seen when mice skin was treated with bee propolis and exposed to TPA, a chemical that induced ... It is also a component of propolis from honeybee hives. A variety of in vitro pharmacology and effects in animal models have ... August 2008). "CAPE (caffeic acid phenethyl ester)-based propolis extract (Bio 30) suppresses the growth of human ...
Pescennia P. f. Propola, named in an inscription from Rome. Quintus Pescennius Publicius, buried at Sigus in Numidia, aged ...
Burdock, G.A. (1998). "Review of the biological properties and toxicity of bee propolis (propolis)". Food and Chemical ... Hydroquinone has been shown to be one of the chemical constituents of the natural product propolis.[30] ...
"In vitro antimicrobial activity of propolis samples from different geographical origins against certain oral pathogens". ... "Chemical compositions and antimicrobial activities of four different Anatolian propolis samples". Microbiological Research. 160 ...
Similar effects were seen in mice who were slowly introduced to propolis while on the high-fat diet. Some species of mice are ... Another chemical studied to find an effect on obesity was propolis. To study the effects of the fungus, scientists injected it ... The researchers found that the mice injected with propolis had less adipose tissue, glucose, and cholesterol than the mice who ... "Propolis Prevents Diet-Induced Hyperlipidemia and Mitigates Weight Gain in Diet-Induced Obesity in Mice". Biological and ...
Propolis is a resin-like material made by bees from the buds of poplar and cone-bearing trees. Bees use it to build hives, and ... Propolis Balsam, Propolis Cera, Propolis dAbeille, Propolis Resin, Propolis Wax, Red Propolis, Résine de Propolis, Russian ... Acide de Cire dAbeille, Baume de Propolis, Bee Glue, Bee Propolis, Beeswax Acid, Brazilian Green Propolis, Brazilian Propolis ... For diabetes: 500 mg of propolis three times per day for 8 weeks. 900 mg of propolis daily for 12 weeks. 400 mg of propolis ...
Could someone tell me exactly what Bee Propolis is or does and how it helps UC? Any success stories?dx mild chronic proctitis 3 ... Bee propolis is collected by bees in an uncontrolled environment. The bees collect propolis from local flowers so the ... Heres more in depth info on propolis..... Bees create propolis by collecting a resinous sap from trees and then mixing it with ... which by themselves may account for many of the benefits attributed to propolis-and some researchers refer to propolis as a ...
An analysis of propolis from Henan, China found sinapinic acid, isoferulic acid, caffeic acid, and chrysin. Propolis has been ... A tincture of propolis may be used to seal the surface of newly made violin family bridges, and may be used in the maintenance ... Propolis or bee glue is a resinous mixture that honey bees produce by mixing saliva and beeswax with exudate gathered from tree ... Propolis is sticky at and above 20 °C (68 °F), while at lower temperatures it becomes hard and brittle. When foraging, worker ...
Propolis is a compound produced by bees thought to fight infections, heal wounds, and more. Learn how its used and what the ... What is propolis?. Did you know that honey isnt the only thing that bees make? Bees also produce a compound called propolis ... For example, propolis from Europe wont have the same chemical makeup as propolis from Brazil. This can make it difficult for ... Where to get propolis. Propolis can be purchased in pharmacies or health food stores. Topical forms include creams, ointments, ...
Disclaimer: The information provided on HealthWorld Online is for educational purposes only and IS NOT intended as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek professional medical advice from your physician or other qualified healthcare provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition ...
All posts tagged with Propolis. * The health benefits of royal jelly can improve outcomes for diabetes patients. ... Natural News) Though not as well-known as honey or pollen, bee propolis is a bee-derived product that has its own plethora of ... Natural News) Aside from being known pollinators of food crops, bees also provide us with beeswax, honey, and propolis. Even ...
Propolis angulosa Propolis farinosa Propolis hillmanniana Propolis lecanora Propolis leonis Propolis lugubris Propolis ... "Taxonomic studies in the Phacidiales: Propolis and Propolomyces". Mycotaxon. 5 (1): 320-30. "Synonymy: Propolis". Species ... Propolis is a genus of fungi in the family Rhytismataceae. The genus contains about 14 species. This is not to be confused with ... bee propolis, also known as bee glue, which is a byproduct of an active beehive and is not a fungus. ...
Learn more about Propolis uses, effectiveness, possible side effects, interactions, dosage, user ratings and products that ... Propolis Balsam, Propolis Cera, Propolis dAbeille, Propolis Resin, Propolis Wax, Red Propolis, Résine de Propolis, Russian ... Acide de Cire dAbeille, Baume de Propolis, Bee Glue, Bee Propolis, Beeswax Acid, Brazilian Green Propolis, Brazilian Propolis ... Brown Propolis, Cire dAbeille Synthétique, Cire de Propolis, Colle dAbeille, Green Propolis, Hive Dross, Pénicilline Russe, ...
... and compared with international studies made until now in propolis research. Practical applications of Romanian propolis in ... In order to help in the Romanian propolis standardization, different methodologies for chemical composition analysis (UV-VIS, ... The most important developments in propolis analysis and pharmacological properties are discussed. ... 3. Early Researches in Romanian Propolis. As most of the propolis samples from Central and Eastern Europe, Romanian propolis ...
Bee propolis found to be effective at slowing the spread of colon cancer, study finds. (Natural News) Propolis, or bee glue, is ... Propolis from honey bees is a powerful superfood that kills Candida albicans. (Natural News) Propolis - also known as bee glue ... Uganda: Propolis Has a Load of Benefits. [Observer]Propolis obtained from beehives is touted as a treatment for numerous ... Another superfood to add to your pantry: 9 Surprising benefits of bee propolis. (Natural News) Bees are one of the greatest ...
Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWGs strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIEDTM on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more , Legal Disclaimer ...
... A. A. Righi,1 G. Negri,2 and A. Salatino1 ... A. A. Righi, G. Negri, and A. Salatino, "Comparative Chemistry of Propolis from Eight Brazilian Localities," Evidence-Based ...
The current price of propolis.co is . You can place an offer below the sellers listing price, however the seller will only ...
Propolis, a waxy substance produced by the honeybee, has been adopted as a form of folk medicine since ancient times. It has a ... Zhu W, Chen M, Shou Q, Li Y, Hu F (2011) Biological activities of Chinese propolis and Brazilian propolis on streptozotocin- ... Burdock GA (1998) Review of the biological properties and toxicity of bee propolis (propolis). Food Chem Toxicol 36:347-363 ... Castaldo S, Capasso F (2002) Propolis, an old remedy used in modern medicine. Fitoterapia 73(Suppl 1):S1-S6PubMedCrossRefGoogle ...
... works against bacteria in several ways. One study reported that it prevented bacterial cell division and also broke ... Japanese researchers reported that propolis-fed laboratory fats had far fewer caries than those given a regular diet. Propolis ... Bees create propolis by collecting a resinous sap from trees and then mixing it with wax back at the hive. They use this ... Propolis works against bacteria in several ways. One study reported that it prevented bacterial cell division and also broke ...
... coated on the wooden frame of a bee hive Certain plants exude a sap which has antibiotic qualities to protect ... Properties of Propolis. Propolis is a very complex mixture that varies according to the source it comes from. Propolis is a ... 2000 capsules of 2000 mg propolis. Australian organic. Bulk lots. Image 2000 capsules of 2000 mg propolis. Australian organic. ... Swisse Ultiboost High Strength Propolis 2000mg 210 Tablets - Australian Made Image Swisse Ultiboost High Strength Propolis ...
Features of Propolis. Propolis -- also known as bee glue and hive dross -- is a greenish-brown or reddish-brown resinous ... Propolis is currently being studied for its anti-cancer properties. Modern-day herbalists may recommend the use of propolis to ... NYU Langone Medical Center: Bee Propolis * Anaerobe: In Vitro Activity of Bulgarian Propolis Against 94 Clinical Isolates of ... Consult your doctor before using propolis. Dont use propolis if you are pregnant or breast-feeding. ...
... including Comvita Propolis Herbal Elixir, with Zinc for added immune support. ... Propolis powder 26mg (equivalent to pure Propolis 20.8mg) (contains anticaking agents [calcium phosphate and silicon dioxide], ... Propolis may cause severe allergic reactions. If irritation or swelling of the mouth or throat occurs, discontinue use and seek ... It includes the unique qualities of UMF® 10+ Manuka honey, propolis with its high levels of bioflavonoids and zinc which ...
... the COSRX Propolis Light Ampoule helps repair damaged skin while nourishing it with moisture and nutrients. ... Harnessing the natural healing benefits of pure black propolis, ... Propolis Ampule and Skinfoods propolis essence and Dr. ... Harnessing the natural healing benefits of pure black propolis, the COSRX Propolis Light Ampoule helps repair damaged skin ... i really wanted to use this product to hydrate and i love propolis in skincare. it feels amazing after i put it on but it gave ...
Both propolis and royal jelly have a long history of medicinal use and can be consumed fresh or taken in supplement form. ... Propolis is a resinous substance that is collected from a variety of plants by bees. Royal jelly is a thick, milky substance ... Propolis Information and Benefits Bees use propolis together with bees wax in order to build bee hives. Propolis contains a ... Propolis for Enhanced Immunity and Skin Health Propolis is a useful immunity boosting aid. According to NaturalNews website, it ...
... including these Bee Health Propolis Liquid 30ml. Contains 50% high potency Propolis. ... Bee Health Propolis Liquid contains 50% high potency propolis, and can be drank, gargled, or applied to the skin. Propolis is a ... High Potency propolis 50%, M.P.G Mono propylene Glycol.. Remember to:. We go to great efforts to ensure that the information on ...
The timid honey bee provides us with bee propolis. Natural bee propolis is the material made by the honey bee to seal the hive ... Bee propolis is sticky when at room temperature, but becomes hard and crumbly when the temperature is lower. Propolis is ... The timid honey bee provides us with bee propolis. Natural bee propolis is the material made by the honey bee to seal the hive ... Natural bee propolis is the material made by the honey bee to seal the hive against predators and disease, as well as providing ...
With the assistance of volcanic basalt stones that are warmed to about 60° C, this procedure is performed with the primary objective of warming tense muscles and subsequently loosening up them. Contingent upon the patients necessities, the stones can be put on better places of the body, along the s
Extraction of Crude extract Propolis samples were refrigerated about -20c°. after refrigeration the propolis samples were ... More about Stingless Bee Propolis Lab Report. *. Red Dye Concentration Experiment. 663 Words , 3 Pages ... grinded and macerated (30g of propolis, making up the volume to 100 mL with 70% ethanol) and was filtered. The filtrate was ... procedures will be observed in the determination of the renal protective property of crude extract in stingless bee propolis. ...
The health benefits of bee propolis include treatment of skin injuries, genital herpes and cold sores, and enhancement of mouth ... What is propolis good for?. A: Propolis and propolis-containing preparations are good for treating infections, cold sores, and ... Other than applying propolis directly to the skin, an individual can also take it by mouth in tablet, capsule or liquid-extract ... Propolis is a material that bees make by combining their discharges, beeswax and needle-leaved-tree sap or evergreen sap, and ...
While propolis is a type of sealant that... ... Honey and propolis are different substances, although they are ... Honey and propolis are different bee products but they are both necessary for the survival of bees. Propolis isnt just glue ... Both honey and propolis are produced by bees for use in the hive but propolis is a kind of sealant or caulk that eliminates ... When I finish my propolis capsules, Im going to buy organic propolis in raw honey. I think I will get more benefits that way. ...
Use of propolis for healing and health by humans has a long history, predated only by the discovery of honey. Propolis is one ... Throughout history, propolis has played an important role in veterinary medicine since many of the human uses for propolis are ... While all propolis has been found to exhibit antibacterial properties, propolis from wet-tropical rain forest-type climates ... Alcohol based propolis tincture contains components that may prevent colon cancer. (Ishihara, 2009) Propolis shows promise as a ...
Bee propolis contains antioxidant bioflavonoids and has traditionally been used to support immune function.* ... Bee propolis is a resinous mixture enzymatically produced by bees from the resin they gather from the buds of poplar and cone- ... What Does Bee Propolis Do? Bee propolis is a resinous mixture enzymatically produced by bees from the resin they gather from ... Bee Propolis Highlights • Immune Supportive Antioxidants*. • Bee Propolis Bioflavonoids. • Alcohol-Free Liquid Extract. • 17 mg ...
The Many Uses of Bee Propolis. In addition to my experience with a sore throat and tonsillitis, bee propolis effectively heals ... Bee Propolis Capsules. This is what I use, at the first, tiniest sign of a sore throat I take one capsule. Then I continue to ... Bee propolis will knock a common cold right out of you especially if you begin taking it at the first symptom, any of which ... Propolis is a resinous substance found naturally occurring in the buds of poplar and most pine trees. It is not available in ...
... famous brands of Propolis products made in Australia or elsewhere. ... Probably, many people are not familiar with Propolis yet.. Propolis is a strong natural antibiotics with little side effects. ... Ive never heard of Propolis before. So I looked it up, and for the benefit of anyone like me who doesnt know what it is, its ... As I know, the Australian Propolis is the best quality ? 🙂. And I also heard Canadian, US or New Zealand brands are also quite ...
  • Early research suggests that taking a 30% propolis extract for 5 days can cure giardiasis in more people than the drug tinidazole. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Early research suggests that using Brazilian green propolis extract four times daily for 7 days can prevent oral thrush in people with dentures. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Early research shows that deeply rinsing the gums with a propolis extract solution decreases bleeding of gums in people with periodontitis. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Another study found that a topical propolis alcoholic extract was more effective than a steroid cream in reducing mast cells in oral surgery wounds. (healthline.com)
  • Propolis can also be taken orally and comes in tablet, liquid extract, and capsule form. (healthline.com)
  • Borrelli F, Maffia P, Pinto L, Ianaro A, Russo A, Capasso F et al (2002) Phytochemical compounds involved in the anti-inflammatory effect of propolis extract. (springer.com)
  • In a study of school children, an aqueous propolis extract was judged effective in reducing the incidence and intensity of acute and chronic rhinopharyngitis. (ebay.com.au)
  • In a laboratory study published in 2006 in 'Anaerobe,' a team of Bulgarian researchers found that a propolis extract was active against most strains of anaerobic bacteria, including Propionibacterenum species -- also known as P. acnes -- the bacteria responsible for acne inflammation. (livestrong.com)
  • CHAPTER 3 Methods and Procedures This chapter presents the methodology and procedures used to determine the renal protective property of crude extract in stingless bee propolis. (ipl.org)
  • Systematic procedures will be observed in the determination of the renal protective property of crude extract in stingless bee propolis. (ipl.org)
  • Other than applying propolis directly to the skin, an individual can also take it by mouth in tablet, capsule or liquid-extract form. (reference.com)
  • Packed with 72% of black propolis extract, it also offers anti-inflammatory and antibacterial benefits, while also boasting healing properties. (yesstyle.com)
  • Since propolis extract is known to be anti-fungal, as well an anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory, it was definitely something i wanted to incorporate into my routine. (yesstyle.com)
  • Propolis Extract supports healthy immune system functions, as well as the upper respiratory system, and soothes the mucosal tissues. (gaiaherbs.com)
  • Propolis Extract strengthens skin barrier and helps to maintain clearer and cleaner skin. (iherb.com)
  • One group of researchers compared a propolis extract against the standard antiprotozoal drug tinidazole in 138 people infected with the parasite giardiasis . (epnet.com)
  • The Organic Propolis Extract is produced with the Organic Raw Propolis and macerated in Organic Cereal Alcohol, which is also produced by MN Própolis. (biofach.de)
  • Produced with 100% organic ingredients, the Organic Propolis Extract is a product without chemical contamination and contains powerful flavonoids. (biofach.de)
  • Organic Honey, Organic Propolis Extract (organic Propolis and organic cereal alcohol). (biofach.de)
  • Due to the great number of active ingredients present, tincture (alcoholic extract) of propolis is well-known and used for its therapeutic properties, principally for its stimulant action on the organism's defence system. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Derived from 100% pure Bee Propolis extract. (fredmeyer.com)
  • The effectiveness of antibiotics such as tetracycline and penicillin has been increased ten to 100 times when combined with propolis extract. (motherearthliving.com)
  • Amazon.com: Stakich Bee Propolis 1 Ounce Liquid Extract, 75%: Health & Personal Care. (hoyhoy.com)
  • Propolis Extract Block with 20% Propolis flavone what is bee propolis extract Bee propolis include vitamins except for vitamin K and 14 minerals that the human body needs to perform normal function. (bushorchimp.com)
  • Propolis extract has function of sterilization and antivirus activity 2. (bushorchimp.com)
  • Propolis extract has function of antioxygenation. (bushorchimp.com)
  • 3. Propolis extract has function. (bushorchimp.com)
  • Lindens Propolis 1000mg Tablets contain an extract of propolis equivalent to 1000mg raw propolis. (blueherbs.co.uk)
  • The concentrated extract is contained within an easy swallow tablet for ease of use and maximum convenience, for an easy way to work Propolis into your daily routine. (blueherbs.co.uk)
  • Each tablet contains: Bee Propolis Extract - equivalent to raw Propolis 375mg - providing flavonoids approx. (healthpost.co.nz)
  • Regarding the pylorus ligated model it was observed that green propolis extract (250 and 500 mg/kg) displayed an anti-secretory activity, which lead to a reduction in the gastric juice volume, total acidity and pH. (curehunter.com)
  • Manuka & Propolis is specially designed health product for immune system support containing NZ Manuka Honey and NZ Propolis extract. (apihealth.com)
  • Propolisul picaturi este un extract alcoolic care contine 30% propolis. (naturashop.ro)
  • A Brazilian commercial ethanol propolis extract, formulated to ensure physical and chemical stability, was found to inhibit oral candidiasis, a fungal infection of the mouth. (arborfarms.com)
  • PREMIUM QUALITY: Nature's Answer Propolis Resin Fluid Extract is a concentrated herbal extract made from the resinous substance of the same name, made by bees. (amazon.com)
  • It offers tremendous benefits of 2000 mg of propolis resin extract per serving. (amazon.com)
  • We hope you enjoy using our Propolis Resin Extract as much as we do. (amazon.com)
  • SummerGlow's Propolis Tincture and Propolis Extract have a very high level of the health-giving bio-flavanoids (PFL 30). (manukahoney.com)
  • Propolis EVSP Hydro extract is a water soluble Propolis that helps to support a healthy immune system. (vitasprings.com)
  • VitaSprings does not imply any medical claims from the customer reviews on this Propolis EVSP Hydro Extract product on this website. (vitasprings.com)
  • Write a Review on this Propolis EVSP Hydro Extract product and share your experience or opinion with other customers. (vitasprings.com)
  • Buy Propolis EVSP Hydro Extract from Erba Vita at VitaSprings, and we guarantee you a safe, secure online shopping experience! (vitasprings.com)
  • Propolis is a resin-like material made by bees from the buds of poplar and cone-bearing trees. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Bees use propolis to build their hives. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Bee Propolis is the by product of bees. (healingwell.com)
  • Bees create propolis by collecting a resinous sap from trees and then mixing it with wax back at the hive. (healingwell.com)
  • Bees also produce a compound called propolis from the sap on needle-leaved trees or evergreens. (healthline.com)
  • The composition of propolis can vary depending on the location of the bees and what trees and flowers they have access to. (healthline.com)
  • However, if you have an allergy to honey or bees, you will also have a reaction to products containing propolis. (healthline.com)
  • Natural News) Aside from being known pollinators of food crops, bees also provide us with beeswax, honey, and propolis. (naturalnews.com)
  • Propolis is a natural material, sticky and resinous, collected by bees from different tree buds and exudates found on plant wounds, mixed with own substances like enzymes, and transformed in order to be used for sealing different holes in the hive, to clean the comb cells or to hygienize the entire hive [ 1 - 3 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Bees produce propolis as a means of defense against microbes, moulds, and for "embalming" the intruders that may enter into the hive, preventing their putrefaction [ 1 , 4 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Beside its uses to seal and clean the hive, propolis may be called a "chemical weapon" of the bees against human pathogen microorganisms and viruses [ 5 - 13 ], as well as bee pathogens [ 14 - 17 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Depending on the plant source collected by the bees, propolis color may vary from golden yellow, to red, green, or dark brown. (hindawi.com)
  • The complex chemical composition of propolis is due to the plant material used as the raw material by the bees, reason also for the wide range of compounds (in number and quantity) that are found in propolis from different parts of the world. (hindawi.com)
  • Brazilian propolis is produced by combining secretions from honey bees. (medworm.com)
  • Propolis or bee glue is a resinous mixture that honey bees produce by mixing saliva and beeswax with exudate gathered from tree buds, sap flows, or other botanical sources. (wikipedia.org)
  • When foraging, worker bees primarily harvest pollen and nectar, while also collecting water and plant resin necessary for the production of propolis. (wikipedia.org)
  • For centuries, beekeepers assumed that bees sealed the beehive with propolis to protect the colony from the elements, such as rain and cold winter drafts. (wikipedia.org)
  • Honey bees are opportunists, gathering what they need from available sources, and detailed analyses show that the chemical composition of propolis varies considerably from region to region, along with the vegetation. (wikipedia.org)
  • The composition of propolis can vary according to the geographic locations from where the bees obtained the ingredients. (springer.com)
  • The Greek philosopher Aristotle coined the name propolis, using 'pro' -- in front of -- and 'polis' -- city -- to refer to the use of propolis at the entrances of the bees' hives, or cities. (livestrong.com)
  • Propolis is a resinous substance that is collected from a variety of plants by bees. (livestrong.com)
  • Bees use propolis together with bees wax in order to build bee hives. (livestrong.com)
  • Propolis is a natural substance collected by honey bees from buds and trees. (hollandandbarrett.com)
  • Individuals who are allergic to bees should exercise caution when taking propolis, as an allergic reaction could occur. (ehow.co.uk)
  • Propolis is a material that bees make by combining their discharges, beeswax and needle-leaved-tree sap or evergreen sap, and is typically sticky and greenish-brown in color, explains Healthline. (reference.com)
  • However, the chemical components of propolis may differ from one location to another because bees in different locations may access different trees and flowers, making medical researchers unable to make a universal agreement regarding the health benefits of propolis. (reference.com)
  • Both honey and propolis are produced by bees for use in the hive but propolis is a kind of sealant or caulk that eliminates small gaps or open holes that measure approximately 0.2 inches (six millimeters) or less with beeswax used to fill larger openings. (wisegeek.com)
  • Bees collect resinous sap from trees or other sources and mix it with wax to make propolis, which is typically dark brown and tacky but can harden in cold temperatures. (wisegeek.com)
  • Although it was initially assumed that bees made and used propolis to protect the hive from exposure to rain and cold, it is now known that the sealant serves a series of purposes. (wisegeek.com)
  • In addition, bees use propolis to safely seal away any waste products, dead insects or small animals that cannot be removed via the hive entrances. (wisegeek.com)
  • The composition and properties of honey and propolis depend on the geographic location of the hive, the species of bee, and the types of trees and flowers from which the bees collect the resin and nectar. (wisegeek.com)
  • Individuals who are allergic to bees should not consume honey and propolis without speaking to a medical professional beforehand. (wisegeek.com)
  • Honey and propolis are different bee products but they are both necessary for the survival of bees. (wisegeek.com)
  • Propolis isn't just 'glue' for the hive, it also protects bees from certain viruses that can affect and kill bees. (wisegeek.com)
  • I'm not vegan but the more I think about it, the more I feel that we are harming bees by taking away their homes, honey and propolis. (wisegeek.com)
  • This is probably why modern medicine does not take advantage of the benefits of propolis: it is a natural product available inexpensively to anyone with access to bees, and does not contain a single active ingredient that can be extracted, patented and sold for a lot of money. (beeculture.com)
  • Since propolis is composed primarily of tree resins collected by honey bees, the properties and thus medicinal qualities of propolis will vary with the geographic location where honey bee colonies are located. (beeculture.com)
  • Bee propolis is a resinous mixture enzymatically produced by bees from the resin they gather from the buds of poplar and cone-bearing trees and used to sterilize and protect their hives. (jarrow.com)
  • Bees gather propolis from tree leaf buds then return to the hive where they expel the substance. (wizzley.com)
  • Combined with saliva and enzymes, bees use the propolis to disinfect the beehive ensuring that the hive is a sterile environment and bacteria free. (wizzley.com)
  • Propolis is a waxy substance produced from tree resin and sap collected by bees. (gaiaherbs.com)
  • Propolis is a resin that honey bees gather from pine and poplar trees which is used to coat the inside of the bee hive to maintain a sterile environment. (iherb.com)
  • Propolis, or bee glue, is a complex, sticky, resinous, wax-like mixture that is produced by some bee species, including the Western, or European, honeybee ( Apis mellifera ​, which is managed widely by beekeepers) and some stingless bees (meliponines). (nutraingredients-usa.com)
  • To make propolis, these bees collect plant secretions (lipophilic materials on leaves and leaf buds, mucilages, gums, resins, latexes, etc.) and often mix them with beeswax and saliva and sometimes other substances, such as honey. (nutraingredients-usa.com)
  • The bees may cut plant tissues to release the exudate used to make propolis and may also collect material exuded from preexisting wounds in plants. (nutraingredients-usa.com)
  • Although honey is perhaps the most famous bee product of interest to human beings, bees also make propolis, another substance that humans have used for thousands of years. (epnet.com)
  • Bees coat the hive with propolis in much the same way we use paint and caulking on our homes. (epnet.com)
  • Propolis is a natural product resulted from the bees work composed of a mixture of resins, pollen and plants' waxes having as the main active element the Flavonoids which are potent antioxidants. (biofach.de)
  • Bee Propolis is a very interesting substance used by bees in their hives. (glorybee.com)
  • Propolis (Pro-before, Polis-city = defence of the city), is the resinous substance that bees gather from the leaf buds of trees and certain vegetables. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The bees gather propolis, sometimes called bee glue, and carry it home in their pollen baskets. (draperbee.com)
  • Bees make propolis, a natural substance which contains vitamins, resins, trace elements in order to protect the bee hive from diseases with its natural antibiotic. (viovet.co.uk)
  • The elder bees within the hive gather the propolis from the bark and leaf buds of certain trees and plants - particularly poplar and horse chestnut. (healthysoul.co.uk)
  • If a rodent makes an unwelcome visit, they sting it to death and then embalm the body with propolis and bees wax so it will not rot in the hive! (healthysoul.co.uk)
  • Bee propolis - a resinous mixture from plants collected by honey bees and mixed with secreted beeswax to protect their hives from microscopic invaders - is well known for its antioxidant and anti-microbial effects, rendering the beehive a very sterile environment, even at high temperatures and humidity levels, said Paes-Leme. (nutraingredients-usa.com)
  • However, red bee propolis, produced by honey bees from Dalbergia ecastophyllum ​ or 'monkey tail' plants from a specific region in northeastern Brazil, is much more unusual, and has very different properties to brown or green varieties, added Paes-Leme, who was speaking to NutraIngredients-USA at Expo West last month. (nutraingredients-usa.com)
  • Propolis is a resinous mixture that honey bees collect from the tree buds, sap flows, or other botanical sources. (nih.gov)
  • But tests show that propolis retains the therapeutic compounds of tree resins, which bees use to make propolis, so calling it a medicinal plant product makes sense. (motherearthliving.com)
  • Bees collect and manufacture propolis resins from tree buds, twigs, and barks, using it as putty to seal cracks in the hive and strengthen and repair honeycombs. (motherearthliving.com)
  • Most propolis research focuses on resins from forests where bees collect mainly from the poplar (Populus) genus, and, to a lesser extent, beech, chestnut, birch, and conifer trees. (motherearthliving.com)
  • Chemical analyses indicate that the bees' propolis is almost chemically identical to these tree resins and is similar to medicinal gums such as boswellia and myrrh (for more about boswellia, see "Inside plants" on page 20 of the January/February 1998 issue of Herbs for Health). (motherearthliving.com)
  • Used to sterilize their home against infection, bees also use propolis as a multi-purpose cement and varnish. (apihealth.com)
  • Although, only one scientific experiment has been previously conducted on propolis collection techniques by honey bees, making the relative literature extremely limited in this area. (scirp.org)
  • A large variety of trees and shrubs is used by bees to collect propolis resins. (scirp.org)
  • Bee Propolis is a resin collected from plants by bees and used in the construction of hives. (astronutrition.com)
  • Bee Propolis is a waxy substance collected by honey bees which contains phytotonizides. (astronutrition.com)
  • Found in beehives, propolis is a naturally occurring sticky, resinous substance produced by bees that helps to defend the hive against bacteria and fungal infection. (blueherbs.co.uk)
  • Did you know that bees do not only produce honey but also propolis? (natural-living-for-women.com)
  • Propolis is a compound that bees discharge to create a sticky product in order to build their hives. (natural-living-for-women.com)
  • Propolis is a natural substance gathered by bees from the buds of trees and flowers. (healthpost.co.nz)
  • Comvita ® Propolis Tablets contain Propolis, which is created by bees from the natural resin produced by trees as part of their defence system. (yourhealthfoodstore.co.uk)
  • Bees create propolis, a natural resin, to build their hives. (arborfarms.com)
  • Propolis is a resinous mixture of substances collected by honey bees ( Apis mellifera ) from various plant sources (Bankova et al. (scielo.br)
  • Propolis is made by bees and used in the hive to protect it as it contains a multitude of vitamins and antioxidants. (mightynest.com)
  • Propolis (also known as bee glue) is a sticky resinous substance collected by bees from buds and bark of trees and other vegetation. (manukahoney.com)
  • Bees make propolis by gathering sap (resin) from plants and combining it with beeswax and highly beneficial enzymes. (manukahoney.com)
  • For this we have developed a unique system which encourages our bees to produce abundant quantities of propolis from the plants and trees surrounding their hives in New Zealand's beautiful natural countryside. (manukahoney.com)
  • The propolis our bees produce is used in a wide range of immune-supporting health products. (manukahoney.com)
  • The composition of Propolis depends on the type of plants accessible to the bees. (allnutritionals.com)
  • Moreover, some bees and some colonies are more avid collectors-generally to the dismay of the beekeeper, since Propolis is a very sticky substance which, in abundance, can make it difficult to remove frames from the boxes. (allnutritionals.com)
  • Propolis is a natural immune-supporting substance gathered by honey bees from trees and used to protect the hive against infections. (shopnewzealand.co.nz)
  • Bees collect the Propolis from the resin of certain select trees and use it to line the hive. (frysfood.com)
  • Propolis is a mixture of resins collected by honey bees from tree buds, sap and other plant sources and is used to seal small gaps in the beehive. (puritan.com)
  • It's also high in flavonoids, which by themselves may account for many of the benefits attributed to propolis-and some researchers refer to propolis as a type of flavonoid. (healingwell.com)
  • Specifically, propolis contains the polyphenols called flavonoids. (healthline.com)
  • Propolis contains a wide variety of nutrients including flavonoids, vitamins, minerals and enzymes. (livestrong.com)
  • Today the evidence suggests that the activity of propolis against microorganisms appears to be more related to the synergistic effect of flavonoids (and other compounds) than to any individual compound that may be extracted from propolis. (beeculture.com)
  • Naturally containing flavonoids, propolis is intended to help provide nutritive support for a healthy immune system. (iherb.com)
  • A 10-day trial with 90 participants called for the application of an ointment that was a placebo or contained either a herpes sores drug or propolis flavonoids. (naturalnews.com)
  • Bee propolis can improve the health of your skin - For one, the flavonoids in bee propolis can protect your skin from bacteria and fight skin irritations. (naturalnews.com)
  • the flavonoids in propolis may be responsible for its antimicrobial effects as well as other alleged health benefits. (epnet.com)
  • The patented green extraction process is able to separate raw propolis into two fractions: One of pure phenolic acids and another of pure flavonoids, said Paes-Leme. (nutraingredients-usa.com)
  • The flavonoids in propolis has a key features making its protective effect for the health. (apihealth.com)
  • The high content of flavonoids in propolis is attributed to its success as a product itself. (apihealth.com)
  • Propolis has 500 times more flavonoids than orange fruit. (scirp.org)
  • PFL ™ 15 delivers at least 15mg of Propolis flavonoids per 2 tablets. (yourhealthfoodstore.co.uk)
  • Propolis is an excellent source of bio-flavonoids. (baldwins.co.uk)
  • Bee Propolis is collected from beehives and has naturally occurring flavonoids. (frysfood.com)
  • Natural News) Though not as well-known as honey or pollen, bee propolis is a bee-derived product that has its own plethora of health benefits. (naturalnews.com)
  • iii) incidental materials introduced during propolis production (pollen, nectar or honey) [ 3 , 30 - 33 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • If you are allergic to other bee products -- such as royal jelly, bee pollen or honey -- or conifer or poplar trees, don't use propolis unless you are first tested by an allergy specialist. (livestrong.com)
  • fBoyle-- I don't know about bee pollen, but propolis certainly has antiviral, antibacterial, antifungal properties. (wisegeek.com)
  • I thought that bee pollen and propolis also have antibacterial, antifungal and antiviral properties, just like honey. (wisegeek.com)
  • Of three bee products examined in 2009 (propolis, pollen, and royal jelly), propolis exhibited stronger antioxidant activity than even pollen, (Nakajima, 2009) and one component, Caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE), may be responsible for the majority of the antioxidant activity of propolis. (beeculture.com)
  • Propolis consists mainly of plant resins and beeswax and contains essential oils, phenolic compounds, and pollen. (nutraingredients-usa.com)
  • The author,Rita Elkins MH, has written a great book focusing on bee products called: "Royal Jelly, Bee Pollen, Propolis and Honey-Healing from the Hive. (healthynewage.com)
  • Propolis contains approximately 55% resins & balms, 30% wax, 10% etheric oils and 5% pollen. (apihealth.com)
  • One of the most powerful foods found in nature, Propolis is a highly complex mixture of waxes, resins, balsams, oils and a small amount of pollen. (astronutrition.com)
  • Bee propolis ingestion may result in anaphylactic shock for those individuals suffering from allergies to plants where pollen is derived from. (astronutrition.com)
  • Antioxidant Potential of Propolis, Bee Pollen, and Royal Jelly: Possible Medical Application. (apihealth.com)
  • Bee Products Bee Pollen including Propolis and Manuka Honey can support energy and promote nutritional wellness. (vitaminworld.com)
  • Early research shows that taking 60 drops of a preparation containing Brazilian green propolis daily for 7 days does not reduce H. pylori infection. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Early research shows that applying Brazilian green propolis to the skin decreases itching, peeling, and redness in students with athlete's foot. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Traditional medicine systems prescribe a number of herbal remedies that include royal jelly and green propolis. (medworm.com)
  • Cheung KW, Sze DM, Chan WK, Deng RX, Tu W, Chan GC (2011) Brazilian green propolis and its constituent, artepillin C inhibits allogeneic activated human CD4 T cells expansion and activation. (springer.com)
  • Brazilian green propolis induced apoptosis in human lung cancer A549 cells through mitochondrial-mediated pathway. (nih.gov)
  • The Brazilian species, as in Brazilian green propolis has higher amounts of these healing compounds, sold at health food stores and online. (ocala.com)
  • For enhanced immune benefits, you'll see high quality brands combine the Brazilian green propolis with probiotics, astaxanthin or other immune-boosting antioxidants. (ocala.com)
  • These anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties make propolis helpful in wound healing. (healthline.com)
  • Propolis -- also known as bee glue and hive dross -- is a greenish-brown or reddish-brown resinous substance collected by honeybees from the leaf buds and barks of conifer and poplar trees and used as caulk to seal gaps and holes in hives. (livestrong.com)
  • This ancient term came into being centuries ago when some early Greek student of Nature established the fact that honeybees use propolis to narrow the opening into their "cities," or hives, to keep out unwelcomed intruders. (draperbee.com)
  • For this reason, at two different locations, five different types of propolis collection traps, applied on Langstroth bee hives, were tested: 3 hand-cut screens plus one commercial screen on the top bars, as well as a lateral side modification of a Langstroth hive. (scirp.org)
  • A: For millions of years, honeybees have protected themselves with a sticky substance called propolis to coat and clean their hives. (ocala.com)
  • NOW® Propolis is collected by beekeepers from active, healthy hives and possesses a variety of bioflavonoids. (puritan.com)
  • Both propolis and royal jelly supplements help enhance immune system function. (livestrong.com)
  • Both propolis and royal jelly have a long history of medicinal use and can be consumed fresh or taken in supplement form. (livestrong.com)
  • Propolis and royal jelly supplements may cause unwanted side effects, however. (livestrong.com)
  • Similar to propolis, royal jelly has antiviral, antibacterial and antifungal properties. (livestrong.com)
  • Propolis, a waxy substance produced by the honeybee, has been adopted as a form of folk medicine since ancient times. (springer.com)
  • Propolis is a resinous substance found naturally occurring in the buds of poplar and most pine trees. (wizzley.com)
  • Propolis is the generic name for the resinous substance collected by honeybees, which is known to have antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, apoptosis-inducible effects. (springer.com)
  • From being used as an abscess treatment by the Greeks to the Assyrians applying it onto wounds to fight infections, bee propolis is a truly miraculous substance that you should take notice of. (naturalnews.com)
  • Those behind the study of bee propolis' antibacterial effects even wrote that this substance could potentially "be used in the development of alternative products for therapy of microbial infections. (naturalnews.com)
  • Propolis helps regulate hormones and is an antibiotic substance that stimulates the natural resistance of the body. (draperbee.com)
  • Propolis cures many diseases because it is a special natural substance with strong effect. (draperbee.com)
  • Propolis is a bee-metabolized resinous substance (bee glue) from plant sap and gums. (nih.gov)
  • The propolis is brought back to the hive, mixed with wax and saliva to creating a greenish brown rubbery substance with which to seal, polish and coat the interior of the hive. (healthysoul.co.uk)
  • Propolis is the natural substance responsible for neutralizing any bacteria, fungi or virus which enters the hive. (astronutrition.com)
  • At temperatures of 250 to 45 0 C Propolis is a soft, pliable and very sticky substance. (allnutritionals.com)
  • citation needed] Propolis functions may include: Reinforce the structural stability and reduce vibration Provide improved thermal insulation to the hive and reduce water loss Provides protection from pathogens, via anti-fungal and antibacterial properties Make the hive more defensible against parasites and predators by narrowing the existing entrance (in wild colonies) to a single "choke point" Mitigate putrefaction within the hive. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although clinical trials are lacking, scientific research supports propolis' antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects. (livestrong.com)
  • Drugs.com -- which provides peer-reviewed medical information to consumers -- credits propolis with antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects, adding that the antioxidant powers of phenolic compounds in propolis, particularly caffeic acid, are more potent than both vitamin C and vitamin E. All of these compounds are beneficial when treating acne. (livestrong.com)
  • While all propolis has been found to exhibit antibacterial properties, propolis from wet-tropical rain forest-type climates have shown the highest antibacterial activity. (beeculture.com)
  • This diversity and abundance of compounds has contributed to bee propolis having notable antimicrobial, antioxidant, antibacterial, and anti-fungal properties. (naturalnews.com)
  • Propolis is a bee product known for its mild antiseptic, antifungal and antibacterial properties. (apivita.com)
  • The essential oils and resinous components of Propolis have an antibacterial effect and support wound healing. (viovet.co.uk)
  • Propolis is also used in antibacterial mouthwashes, and evidence shows that it combats staph and strep infections. (motherearthliving.com)
  • These uses are significant because they take advantage of the antibacterial and antifungal effects of Propolis in protecting the colony against diseases. (allnutritionals.com)
  • One of the most widely known and extensively tested properties of Propolis is its antibacterial activity. (allnutritionals.com)
  • However, standardized quality controls and good design clinical trials are essential before either propolis or its active ingredients can be adopted routinely in our future therapeutic armamentarium. (springer.com)
  • Melliou 2004, Grange 1990) This may be why propolis is reported to have been identified as one of the ingredients in the wood finish of Stradivarius violins built in the 17th and 18th century. (beeculture.com)
  • Savannah Bee Charcoal, Propolis, and Volcanic Ash Cleanser is a power-packed facial product that combines activated charcoal powder, volcanic ash, kaolin clay, and honeybee hive ingredients propolis and honey to remove excess oil and impurities from pores without overdrying skin. (savannahbee.com)
  • Those basic ingredients give propolis its dynamic bacteria-destroying power. (apihealth.com)
  • Bee Propolis Cream helps to fight so many skin issues such as sores, cracks, chapped skin and the healing ingredients will not only heal but also repair your skin in so many forms. (natural-living-for-women.com)
  • Propolis has over 200 active ingredients including cinnamic Acid derivatives which cause cancer cells inside you to kill themselves (even leukemia). (ocala.com)
  • Comvita Propolis Herbal Elixir is a synergy of UMF10+ Manuka honey, Propolis and carefully selected herbal ingredients. (baldwins.co.uk)
  • All-in-one formula Contains UMF 10+ Manuka Honey Contains Propolis Carefully selected natural ingredients New Zealand Manuka Honey has long been valued for its contribution to a healthy diet and its reputation continues to grow. (baldwins.co.uk)
  • Researchers have identified more than 300 compounds in propolis. (healthline.com)
  • Studies on chemical composition of propolis from different geographical origins show that characteristic classes of compounds for different geographical origins also correlated with plant source [ 10 , 18 , 46 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Marcucci MC, Ferreres F, Garcia-Viguera C, Bankova VS, De Castro SL, Dantas AP et al (2001) Phenolic compounds from Brazilian propolis with pharmacological activities. (springer.com)
  • Pereira AS, Norsell M, Cardoso JN, Aquino Neto FR, Ramos MF (2000) Rapid screening of polar compounds in Brazilian propolis by high-temperature high-resolution gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. (springer.com)
  • Unlike some anti-microbial compounds, propolis exhibits strong antimicrobial activity against both gram positive and gram negative bacteria and fungi. (beeculture.com)
  • There are well over a hundred beneficial compounds present in bee propolis. (naturalnews.com)
  • Anti-Helicobacter pylori compounds in Brazilian propolis,in Natural Medicins 2 , 518-520. (apitherapy.com)
  • We've also built up IP around a solvent-free water-based 'green extraction' process developed by a Danish company called Propolis Research Centre and used by our sister company Phenolic Factory in Florida that enables us to eliminate impurities and beeswax and produce bee propolis extracts that retain very high levels of the phenolic compounds and flavanols. (nutraingredients-usa.com)
  • Propolis compounds are making a strong showing as antioxidants and cancer preventives. (motherearthliving.com)
  • Many compounds in propolis are antioxidants, but in cell culture studies conducted in 1995 and 1996, caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) came out as its strongest antioxidant overall. (motherearthliving.com)
  • There are more than 300 healing compounds present in propolis including anti-oxidant properties so you can achieve many other benefits too. (natural-living-for-women.com)
  • Artepillin C, a compound in propolis shuts down NFKB, a metabolic pathway in your body that churns inflammatory compounds that make you hurt. (ocala.com)
  • Most of the current literature concerning propolis is focused on determining the chemical composition and biological activity of propolis, beside determining the botanical and geographical origins, by analyzing comparatively the resins from which propolis is derived [ 4 , 6 , 18 - 20 ], but less studies have examined the antimicrobial properties of propolis against bee pathogens or honey bee immune responses [ 14 , 17 , 21 , 22 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Propolis is composed of resins collected from tree buds and sap flows. (ehow.co.uk)
  • The saliva becomes activated by the resins, and as the saliva is continually swallowed it efficiently distributes the antimicrobial components of the propolis throughout the throat and adjacent areas. (naturalnews.com)
  • Bee Propolis is a mixture of various amounts of beeswax and resins collected by the honeybee from plants, particularly from flowers and leaf buds. (allnutritionals.com)
  • The color of Propolis ranges from yellow to dark brown depending on the origin of the resins. (allnutritionals.com)
  • Propolis resins are collected from a large variety of trees and shrubs. (allnutritionals.com)
  • Natural News) Propolis - also known as bee glue - can be used to counter Candida albicans, the fungal pathogen behind candidiasis or yeast infection. (medworm.com)
  • This is not to be confused with bee propolis, also known as 'bee glue', which is a byproduct of an active beehive and is not a fungus. (wikipedia.org)
  • The last few years numerous publications have been published about the properties and plant origin of propolis, the glue-like resinous product collected by honeybees. (scirp.org)
  • The use of propolis dates back at least to 300 BC [1] , when its resinous and glue-like properties were made use of. (scirp.org)
  • In one study, propolis caused increased activity of superoxide dismutase, a powerful natural antioxidant found in the body. (livestrong.com)
  • Bee propolis contains antioxidant bioflavonoids and has traditionally been used to support immune function. (jarrow.com)
  • Finally, test tube studies suggest that propolis has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and cancer-preventing properties. (epnet.com)
  • The antioxidant activity trials provided knowledge about the capacity of the product under study (propolis) for neutralising free radicals. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Both propolis and thymoquinone diminished the risk of atherosclerosis via antioxidant mechanisms. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • Propolis helps in the regeneration of lips by preventing crack infections and offering antioxidant and anti-inflammatory action. (apivita.com)
  • Comvita ® Propolis contains a range of bioflavonoids, which are known for their antioxidant properties. (yourhealthfoodstore.co.uk)
  • Propolis Tincture (PFL 30) has a very high level of the health-giving antioxidant benefits of propolis which help maintain a healthy immune system and help the body's fight against infection. (manukahoney.com)
  • Propolis is a natural antioxidant and one of nature's best defences to protect and heal. (manukahoney.com)
  • New Zealand propolis is very high in bioflavanoids which are renowned for their antioxidant effect in supporting a healthy immune system. (manukahoney.com)
  • Propolis has been shown to stimulate various enzyme systems, cell metabolism, circulation and collagen formation, as well as improve the healing of burn wounds. (ebay.com.au)
  • Propolis has been used since roughly 300 B.C. as a cosmetic and a medicine, and has been employed in folk and traditional medicine to heal burns and protect wounds from gangrene. (livestrong.com)
  • People have used propolis for centuries to treat ailments and wounds. (ehow.co.uk)
  • According to Dr. Weil, a number of studies have shown propolis to be effective in treating burns, dental pain, infections and minor wounds. (ehow.co.uk)
  • The ancient Greeks used propolis to speed up the healing of wounds and Aristotle recommended it for all afflictions of the skin. (beeculture.com)
  • Applied topically bee propolis soothes burns and hastens healing of superficial wounds. (wizzley.com)
  • People began using propolis more than 2,300 years ago for many purposes, the foremost of which was applying it to wounds to fight infection. (epnet.com)
  • Animal studies also suggest that topical propolis may be of benefit in healing wounds . (epnet.com)
  • The treatment of suppurative surgical wounds with propolis,in Folia - Med . (apitherapy.com)
  • Use of propolis in the treatment of perineal and anal wounds, in Khirurgiia (Mosk) Dec. (12), pp.44-48. (apitherapy.com)
  • However, there is a lack of information concerning, dose, side effects and clinical effectiveness of propolis on wounds. (nih.gov)
  • As the effectiveness of propolis between different products is variable, more characterizations should be done and future investigations comparing different propolis based products and characterization of their specific roles on different models of wounds are highly appreciated. (nih.gov)
  • Propolis has been used to clean wounds, kill microbes, and fight inflammation for more than 2,000 years. (motherearthliving.com)
  • The Assyrians also used propolis to heal wounds and tumors, while the Egyptians used it for mummification. (arborfarms.com)
  • Early studies suggest that using a propolis mouthwash may reduce plaque formation, reduce bacteria in the mouth, relieve dental pain and gum inflammation (periodontitis), be useful as a sealant after root canal surgery, and help heal dental wounds. (arborfarms.com)
  • Propolis is used for small gaps (approximately 6 millimeters (1⁄4 in) or less), while larger spaces are usually filled with beeswax. (wikipedia.org)
  • Greek word for "defender of the city," Propolis is made from beeswax and plant resin and was first introduced in ancient Greece and Egypt as a natural antiseptic and preservative. (savannahbee.com)
  • H) Much of the propolis will dissolve but the beeswax, bee legs, and wood shavings, etc. will not. (beesource.com)
  • Propolis is made from the buds of conifer and poplar trees, beeswax, and other bee secretions. (arborfarms.com)
  • A tincture of propolis may be used to seal the surface of newly made violin family bridges, and may be used in the maintenance of the bores of pan flute tubes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Honey is often consumed in liquid form while propolis can be taken in liquid form when a few drops are added to a glass of water or other beverage, as a chewing gum, lozenge, cream, tincture or solid piece that can be dissolved in the mouth. (wisegeek.com)
  • 1% propolis oil, 0.5% propolis infusion, 5% propolis tincture. (apivita.com)
  • I'm making a new batch of propolis tincture. (beesource.com)
  • I'm trying to find a REAL recipe for propolis tincture homemade by real beekeepers. (beesource.com)
  • Any of you guys have a real propolis tincture recipe to share with me? (beesource.com)
  • L) The resulting clear dark fluid will be a fully saturated solution, or high concentration propolis tincture. (beesource.com)
  • Propolis Tincture can be used topically on the skin or taken orally to help maintain a healthy immune system. (manukahoney.com)
  • In the study, the researchers compared the effects of propolis, garden thyme (Thymus. (medworm.com)
  • Protective effects of propolis and thymoquinone on development of atherosclerosis in cholesterol-fed rabbits. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • The present study was undertaken to examine the possible protective effects of propolis (a resinous hive product collected by honeybees from various plant sources) and thymoquinone (TQ, active constituent of Nigella. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • This study was designed to examine the effects of propolis on the liver and biliary system when used as a scolicidal agent. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • In a Chinese study, researchers found that extracts of propolis - specifically, sinapic, isoferulic, and caffeic acids - inhibited the growth of S. aureus (Qiao Z, China Journal of Chinese Materi Medica, Aug. 1991;16:481-2). (life-enthusiast.com)
  • Other investigators have reported that the cinnamic acid extracts of propolis prevent viruses from reproducing, but they worked best when used during the entire infection (Serkedjieva J, Journal of Natural Products, March 1992;55:294-302). (life-enthusiast.com)
  • Ethanol extracts of propolis have been found to transform human hepatic and uterine carcinoma cells in vitro, and to inhibit their growth. (ebay.com.au)
  • In two studies, extracts of propolis fed to rats have inhibited azoxymethane-induced colonic tumors. (ebay.com.au)
  • Both aqueous and ethanol extracts of propolis have been tested against the herpes virus and results indicate that it may help when used as a topical application against cold sores. (beeculture.com)
  • Inhibition of neutrophils' chemiluminescence by ethanol extracts of propolis (EEP) and its phenolic components. (motherearthliving.com)
  • Moreover, propolis stimulates the body's immune system and can thus be considered as a food supplement which helps to keep a state of healthiness and wellbeing. (ebay.com.au)
  • Modern-day herbalists may recommend the use of propolis to treat skin conditions, boost the immune system, treat tuberculosis, decrease cavities, prevent canker sores and promote the health of damaged teeth. (livestrong.com)
  • It includes the unique qualities of UMF® 10+ Manuka honey, propolis with its high levels of bioflavonoids and zinc which supports the immune system. (hollandandbarrett.com)
  • Draperbee.com advises that the immune system is actually strengthened by the ingestion of propolis. (ehow.co.uk)
  • I'm taking a propolis supplement for this reason, to help prevent illnesses and to strengthen my immune system. (wisegeek.com)
  • This suggests that propolis may speed the recovery from colds or flu by stimulating the immune system. (beeculture.com)
  • Echinacea Goldenseal Propolis Throat Spray supports a healthy immune system response and maintains a healthy inflammatory response to occasional seasonal stressors. (gaiaherbs.com)
  • The immune system is supported and strengthened by the ingestion of propolis. (draperbee.com)
  • Powerful capsules with flavonoid rich propolis to provide potent support for healthy immune system function. (honeygardens.com)
  • Propolis is also available in capsule form, where it can be taken as a supplement aiding to support the immune system. (apihealth.com)
  • Made with Manuka honey and Xylitol, this propolis chew is a convenient supplement for growing children to help maintain their immune system and oral health. (healthpost.co.nz)
  • A European study reported that ethanol extracts from propolis had a "marked synergistic effect" on the anti-staph activity of two antibiotics, streptomycin and cloxacillin, and a moderate effect on several others (Krol W, Arzneimittel-Forschung, May 1993;43:607-9). (life-enthusiast.com)
  • after refrigeration the propolis samples were grinded and macerated (30g of propolis, making up the volume to 100 mL with 70% ethanol) and was filtered. (ipl.org)
  • Chemically, propolis is exceedingly complex and contains a rich variety of potent terpenes and benzoic, caffeic, cinnamic,and phenolic acids. (healingwell.com)
  • One of the most significant medical journal articles described how the caffeic acids in propolis and honey might prevent colon cancer, which kills some 60,000 Americans each year. (healingwell.com)
  • Two main immunopotent chemicals have been identified as caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) and artepillin C. Propolis, CAPE, and artepillin C have been shown to exert summative immunosuppressive function on T lymphocyte subsets but paradoxically activate macrophage function. (springer.com)
  • Propolis has a high concentration of caffeic acid esters that some believe may give it some antitumor properties. (ebay.com.au)
  • Early study using a gel prepared with propolis and caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) applied to the gums found that the gel provided comfort and was accepted by the volunteers. (arborfarms.com)
  • Rich in bioflavonoids, propolis may help in healing and mending blood vessels and resisting the release of histamine. (life-enthusiast.com)
  • Bioflavonoids are one of the most important components in propolis. (hollandandbarrett.com)
  • The bioflavonoids in propolis make it a super biological active. (apihealth.com)
  • Propolis has a special compound called pinocembrin, a flavonoid that acts as an antifungal. (healthline.com)
  • When it comes to wound healing, propolis from USA, Australia, and Turkey have all been found to have strong antifungal activity and aid wound healing. (beeculture.com)
  • What are the health benefits of bee propolis? (reference.com)
  • The health benefits of bee propolis include treatment of skin injuries, genital herpes and cold sores, and enhancement of mouth healing after dental surgery, according to Healthline. (reference.com)
  • Broadhurst, C. L. "Benefits of bee propolis. (motherearthliving.com)
  • There is evidence that propolis has some broad antimicrobial activity and that it may have anti-inflammatory effects that could make it useful in the treatment of some forms of arthritis, among other disorders. (ebay.com.au)
  • Propolis antimicrobial activity has been attributed to flavonoid aglycones and phenolic and hydroxycinnamic acids. (scirp.org)
  • Whereas the control group did not recover from the infectious ear disease, the propolis preparation exhibited antimicrobial activity against most of the microorganisms isolated from samples of the treated group. (scielo.br)
  • Most medical articles, however, still point to the value of propolis as a powerful, natural antibiotic. (healingwell.com)
  • As a antibiotic propolis helps the hive block out viruses, bacteria, and other organisms. (ebay.com.au)
  • Bee propolis is praised for its anti-fungal and antibiotic properties. (ehow.co.uk)
  • Honey and propolis are often used and marketed as traditional or alternative medicines, but the former is believed to have antibiotic, anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties. (wisegeek.com)
  • Well, that's because bee propolis is a potent natural antibiotic. (naturalnews.com)
  • Propolis, the natural antibiotic, works against harmful bacteria without destroying the friendly bacteria the body needs. (draperbee.com)
  • Bee Propolis is favoured by man as a natural antibiotic. (astronutrition.com)
  • Detox for life advises that propolis is obtainable in a vast medley of products and can be found in health food stores in the form of tablets, powders, capsules, extracts, ointments, lotions and other cosmetics. (ehow.co.uk)
  • When I finish my propolis capsules, I'm going to buy organic propolis in raw honey. (wisegeek.com)
  • Propolis intended for oral use comes in a wide variety of forms, including tablets, capsules, and extracts. (epnet.com)
  • GloryBee sells propolis in powder form, tinctures and capsules for your specific needs. (glorybee.com)
  • Comvita® Manuka Honey Elixir with Propolis will provide immune support, especially in the winter season. (hollandandbarrett.com)
  • Main ingredient of Manuka & Propolis is Multifloral Manuka honey MGO100+ , which is gathered in New Zealand from Manuka bush, Leptospermum scoparium, which grows uncultivated throughout the country. (apihealth.com)
  • Wedderspoon Propolis and Manuka Honey Throat Sprays combine the immune-supporting properties of Bee Propolis and New Zealand Monofloral Manuka Honey. (mightynest.com)
  • Wisconsin-based Beehive Botanicals has adopted propolis, a plant-derived bee product that has been used medicinally by humans for centuries, through ABC's Adopt-An-Herb Program. (nutraingredients-usa.com)
  • "We are deeply grateful for Beehive Botanicals' adoption of propolis on ABC's HerbMedPro website," ​ said ABC founder and executive director Mark Blumenthal. (nutraingredients-usa.com)
  • "Beehive Botanicals is committed to quality, purity, and integrity," ​ said Michelle Forrester, the company's chief financial officer, adding that participation in the Adopt-an-Herb program reflects the company's commitment to integrity by providing unbiased information on the benefits of propolis. (nutraingredients-usa.com)
  • Various products derived from the beehive have been studied and propolis has proved to be a product having beneficial results for human health. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Propolis is another medicinal marvel from the beehive. (draperbee.com)
  • Researchers believe propolis inhibits microbes that constantly threaten the humid, close quarters of a beehive. (motherearthliving.com)
  • Propolis is harvested from the beehive and is available in various forms to be ingested internally or applied externally. (apihealth.com)
  • Thousands of years ago, ancient civilizations used propolis for its medicinal properties. (healthline.com)
  • Practical applications of Romanian propolis in medicinal therapy and cosmetics are reviewed, and quality criteria for further standardization are proposed. (hindawi.com)
  • and how beekeepers can harvest and process propolis into various medicinal forms for market. (beeculture.com)
  • Also included is just a small sampling of references to scientific research that backs up many of the medicinal and therapeutic claims made with regard to propolis. (beeculture.com)
  • Propolis has a long medicinal history dating all the way back to the days of Aristotle. (glorybee.com)
  • The value of propolis as a perfect food as well as its medicinal and restorative properties have been hailed by scientists, researchers, and health & nutrition practitioners all around the world. (apihealth.com)
  • Propolis changes in colour, odour and probably medicinal characteristics, according to source and the season of the year. (allnutritionals.com)
  • Due to the popularity of using propolis in medicine and other domains, thousands of studies were developed all over the world, studying the chemical composition, functions, or different properties of propolis extracts. (hindawi.com)
  • There is some early evidence that propolis might help prevent or reduce the duration of common colds and other upper airway infections. (medlineplus.gov)
  • There is some evidence that propolis taken by mouth may help reduce outbreaks of canker sores. (arborfarms.com)
  • There is some evidence that propolis may help prevent infections with the virus that causes the common cold. (arborfarms.com)
  • In general, the scientific evidence regarding the effectiveness of propolis is considered to be unclear by many mainstream medical professionals. (wisegeek.com)
  • The effectiveness of propolis against herpes simplex virus types 1 and 2 and parasitic infections has been demonstrated in early studies. (arborfarms.com)
  • Early research shows that applying propolis to the skin every 3 days might help treat minor burns and prevent infections. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Propolis is used for canker sores and infections caused by bacteria (including tuberculosis and upper respiratory tract infections), by viruses (including HIV, H1N1 "swine" flu, and the common cold), by fungus, and by single-celled organisms called protozoans. (webmd.com)
  • Two medical journal articles document the activity of propolis specifically against Staphylococcus aureus, the bacterium that causes dangerous and often deadly surgical infections, blood poisoning, and a type of pneumonia. (life-enthusiast.com)
  • Due to its immunity-boosting properties, propolis is purported to both prevent and treat the flu, tuberculosis, the common cold, and numerous acute infections. (livestrong.com)
  • In addition, topical application of propolis is used to help treat oral and genital herpes, reduce pain, promote wound healing and prevent secondary skin infections. (livestrong.com)
  • Additionally, there is not enough scientific evidence to back the benefits of propolis, and researchers are not precisely aware of how propolis works to prevent bacterial, viral and fungal infections. (reference.com)
  • Some studies have demonstrated that propolis can be effective against certain herpes viruses, parasitic infections, canker sores, colds, stomach ulcers and rheumatic diseases. (wisegeek.com)
  • Propolis has been of great interest to those in the dental industry due to some studies that suggest that it can inhibit some oral diseases and infections and reduce plaque and dental pain when used as a mouthwash. (wisegeek.com)
  • The Incas used propolis for infections. (beeculture.com)
  • In addition to my experience with a sore throat and tonsillitis, bee propolis effectively heals canker sores, bacterial and viral infections, flu and the common cold. (wizzley.com)
  • According to GreenMedInfo.com , bee propolis has been found to prevent middle ear infections and respiratory tract infections in children, and can even alleviate the symptoms of the common cold. (naturalnews.com)
  • A number of clinical trials have tested the use of propolis for eye infections 16 and vaginal infections . (epnet.com)
  • As a supplement, Bee Propolis is an excellent aid against bacterial infections. (astronutrition.com)
  • Propolis nasal sprays have been suggested as a treatment for runny nose, congestion, and fever in children with nose or throat infections. (arborfarms.com)
  • Early results from poorly designed human studies suggest that propolis used on the skin may improve lesions from genital herpes virus infections. (arborfarms.com)
  • Animal and laboratory studies suggest that propolis may help treat various types of infections. (arborfarms.com)
  • The chemical composition of propolis varies and depends on the geographical area, time of collection, seasonality, illumination, altitude, and food availability during propolis exploitation. (nih.gov)
  • Last time I did this, the propolis powder dissolved immediately into the everclear. (beesource.com)
  • Drain the remaining propolis through some fabric/paper - then let the powder to dry. (beesource.com)
  • The bee propolis powder offer many. (bushorchimp.com)
  • Cold Pressed Bee Propolis powder in a base of Glycerine and Distilled Water. (astronutrition.com)
  • C) Take a few chunks of propolis from the freezer and grind them immediately to a powder. (beesource.com)
  • The ground propolis has turned into a huge glob in the alcohol. (beesource.com)
  • The only time I've used rubbing alcohol as the solvent (for external use only), that was pre-ground propolis that came from Russia off ebay. (beesource.com)
  • Gorbatenko, A. G. (1971) - Treatment of ulcer patients with a 30 percent alcohol solution of propolis , in -Delo . (apitherapy.com)
  • Easy to use, soothing, water soluble and ideal for people who want the full benefits of propolis without taking alcohol. (baldwins.co.uk)
  • In some areas of Chile and Argentina Andean valleys, propolis contains viscidone, a terpene from Baccharis shrubs, and prenylated acids, such as 4-hydroxy-3,5-diprenyl cinnamic acid. (wikipedia.org)
  • Propolis (CAS 936626-74-3) Market Research Report 2018 contents were prepared and placed on the website in January, 2018. (marketpublishers.com)
  • Please note that Propolis (CAS 936626-74-3) Market Research Report 2018 is a half ready publication and contents are subject to change. (marketpublishers.com)
  • Most research shows that applying an ointment or cream containing 0.5% to 3% propolis five times daily helps cold sores to heal faster and reduces pain. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Early research shows that applying a propolis ointment to sores on the feet of people with diabetes might help the sores to heal faster. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Early research shows that applying a 3% propolis ointment four times daily for 10 days might improve healing of lesions in people with genital herpes. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Early research shows that applying 3% propolis ointment five times daily might help improve healing time and reduce pain from cold sores. (webmd.com)
  • On Which Type Of Skin We Should Use Propolis Ointment? (natural-living-for-women.com)
  • How To Use Propolis Ointment? (natural-living-for-women.com)
  • Can I Leave Propolis Ointment On Longer Than 6-8 Hours? (natural-living-for-women.com)
  • How Quickly Does Propolis Ointment Work? (natural-living-for-women.com)
  • Several studies suggest that using propolis as a cream or ointment may help heal an inflamed cervix, the narrow passage at the lower end of the uterus. (arborfarms.com)
  • Propolis has shown to have anti-bacterial, anti-viral and anti-fungal effects. (ebay.com.au)
  • While my main treatment was an anti-fungal shampoo containing zinc pyrithione, honey is known to increase the effectiveness of anti-bacterial medication, so who knows if this could apply to propolis as well. (yesstyle.com)
  • As an anti-fungal, propolis has been shown to fight Candida strains of all sorts including C. albicans, C. glabrata and C. krusei. (ocala.com)
  • One study found when topical propolis was applied three times a day, it helped to heal cold sores faster than no treatment. (healthline.com)
  • Natural News) New research suggested that metabolic disorders, such as Type 2 diabetes and arteriosclerosis, can be prevented with Brazilian propolis. (medworm.com)
  • The study, published in the journal BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, looked at the protective effects of Brazilian propolis on metabolic disorders in mice. (medworm.com)
  • Salatino A, Teixeira EW, Negri G, Message D (2005) Origin and chemical variation of Brazilian propolis. (springer.com)
  • Bankova V, Boudourova-Krasteva G, Sforcin JM, Frete X, Kujumgiev A, Maimoni-Rodella R et al (1999) Phytochemical evidence for the plant origin of Brazilian propolis from Sao Paulo state. (springer.com)
  • Schnitzler, 2009) Meanwhile studies have indicated that Brazilian propolis possess anti-influenza virus activity and ameliorated influenza symptoms in mice making it a possible candidate for an anti-influenza dietary supplement for humans (Shimizu, 2008). (beeculture.com)
  • NaturaNectar extracts are from several types of Brazilian Propolis which are very different from the propolis found in North America, New Zealand and Europe, he said. (nutraingredients-usa.com)
  • Propolis is a brown, green, or sometimes red resin like material that is collected from cone bearing tree buds. (glorybee.com)
  • Propolis is a sticky resin that seeps from the buds of some trees and oozes from the bark of other trees, chiefly conifers. (draperbee.com)
  • Their study, which was published in BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, showed that the superfood propolis not only improves pregnancy outcomes but also placental oxidative stress. (vitanetonline.com)
  • Comvita Propolis Herbal Elixir is a natural all-in-one herbal formula. (baldwins.co.uk)
  • Some evidence suggests that propolis may speed up healing and improve sight. (arborfarms.com)
  • The chemical composition of propolis can vary significantly and depends mainly on the plant species near the hive, but also on seasons, altitude, illumination, the collecting bee species, and other factors. (nutraingredients-usa.com)
  • I've added other things to my regime along with my bee propolis like, omegas 3-6-9, probiotics and fibre supplements, with this combination I now go 5 or less times a day with formed BM's. (healingwell.com)
  • Ask your doctor if propolis is safe for you before taking any supplements. (healthline.com)
  • Propolis benefits the treatment of numerous types of illnesses and supplements the natural human diet effectively. (ebay.com.au)
  • The aglycone isoflavones in red bee propolis had particular potential in menopause supplements as they were more readily absorbed by the body than most soy isoflavones, he claimed. (nutraingredients-usa.com)
  • Propolis is a very complex mixture that varies according to the source it comes from. (ebay.com.au)
  • Propolis is a mixture of resin, essential oils and waxes. (ebay.com.au)
  • The Constituents of Propolis Chemically speaking, propolis is a very complex mixture. (draperbee.com)
  • People sometimes apply propolis directly to the skin for wound cleansing, genital herpes, cold sores (herpes labialis), vaginal swelling (vaginitis), and minor burns. (webmd.com)
  • According to the South East Hertfordshire Beekeepers Association, propolis promotes wound healing by enhancing epithelial cell growth, increasing circulation and preventing scarring. (livestrong.com)
  • The Roman legionnaires reportedly carried small amounts of propolis with them into battle, not only to help speed up wound healing but for its analgesic (numbing) properties. (beeculture.com)
  • Most of the in vivo studies on various wound models suggested the beneficial roles of propolis on experimental wound healing and this has also been approved in the clinical trial studies. (nih.gov)
  • Taking propolis consistently can also help protect you against hypertension during your pregnancy, as well as promote faster wound healing which is extremely important in diabetic patients. (vitanetonline.com)
  • Propolis has been used for its health benefits, due to high phenolic content. (mdpi.com)
  • Recently it has been shown that the extraction methods which yielded phenolic molecules, affected the anti-oxidant and anticancer effect of propolis. (mdpi.com)
  • Biotransformation might be a useful strategy to increase bioavailability of phenolic molecules in propolis. (mdpi.com)
  • Ointments that contain 3 percent propolis, such as Herstat or Coldsore-FX, may help speed healing time and reduce symptoms in both cold sores and sores from genital herpes. (healthline.com)
  • More than that, however, bee propolis has also proven to be better at treating genital herpes than a commonly used drug. (naturalnews.com)
  • In comparison, 24 out of 30 participants in the propolis group were cured of their genital herpes. (naturalnews.com)
  • The results of a small controlled study suggests that propolis cream might cause attacks of genital herpes to heal faster. (epnet.com)
  • Comvita's ® PFL ™ stands for Propolis Flavonoid Level and refers to the flavonoid content found in 2 Propolis tablets. (yourhealthfoodstore.co.uk)
  • Comvita Bee Propolis Tablets contain propolis sourced from New Zealand's clean, green environment and Propolis Flavonoid Levels of at least 15mg/g (PLF 15) as certified by an independent government laboratory. (shopnewzealand.co.nz)
  • One isolated study, published only in abstract form, tested bee propolis in women with mild endometriosis and infertility . (epnet.com)
  • Propolis is one of the few natural products that has maintained popularity for a long time, although it is not considered a therapeutic agent by the conventional allopathic medical establishment. (beeculture.com)
  • The goal of this review is to discuss important concepts including mechanisms of action and therapeutic activities of propolis. (nih.gov)
  • The therapeutic effects of Argentine propolis ear drop formulation on canine otitis externa were evaluated. (scielo.br)
  • Propolis is also used topically as a mouth rinse to treat painful mouth sores and inflammation (oral mucositis) and thrush (oropharyngeal candidiasis) and to improve healing following oral surgery. (webmd.com)
  • Propolis seems to have activity against bacteria, viruses, and fungi. (webmd.com)
  • Propolis is a genus of fungi in the family Rhytismataceae. (wikipedia.org)
  • Propolis is also efficient against conditions caused by bacteria, viruses, or different fungi. (draperbee.com)
  • Early research shows that rinsing the mouth with a 30% propolis mouth rinse three times daily for 7 days helps reduce inflammation and improve the healing of sores in some people with mouth sores caused by chemotherapy. (webmd.com)