Mitral Valve Prolapse
Pelvic Organ Prolapse
Aortic Valve Prolapse
Tricuspid Valve Prolapse
Urinary Incontinence, Stress
Heart Valve Prolapse
Mitral Valve Insufficiency
Pelvic Floor Disorders
Intervertebral Disc Displacement
Urogenital Surgical Procedures
Urologic Surgical Procedures
Aortic Valve Insufficiency
Heart Valve Diseases
Severity of Illness Index
Urinary Bladder, Overactive
Diagnostic Techniques, Obstetrical and Gynecological
Blood gases and sex hormones in women with and without genital descensus. (1/78)BACKGROUND: Abnormalities in connective tissue and spirometric disorders have previously been found in women with genital descensus. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of descensus and respiratory function. METHODS: The blood gases and sex hormones were measured in 130 women scheduled for surgical correction of descensus and 60 matched women without descensus. All subjects were nonsmokers and without past or present cardiorespiratory disease. RESULTS: Women with descensus had a lower pH (7.39+/-0.04 vs. 7.41+/-0.04, p = 0.01), lower arterial tensions of oxygen (12.7+/-12. vs. 14.1+/-0.9 kPa, p = 0.003) and carbon dioxide (5.1+/-0.4 vs. 5.3+/-0.3 kPa) but a higher hemoglobin concentration (141+/-11 vs. 132+/-9 g/l) and a higher serum progesterone in the follicular phase of the cycle (3.1+/-4 vs. 1.5+/-1 ng/ml, p = 0.03). In 39 (30%) women with descensus, the arterial carbon dioxide tension was below 4.9 kPa. All subjects ventilated more in the luteal compared to the follicular phase of the cycle. In women with descensus, the hemoglobin concentration increased with decreasing arterial oxygen tension (p = 10(-4)) and with decreasing pH (p<10(-3)). CONCLUSION: Women with descensus frequently hyperventilate and, compared with women without descensus, have a lower arterial oxygen tension, increased hemoglobin concentration and slightly lower pH. (+info)
Current management of mitral valve prolapse. (2/78)Mitral valve prolapse is a pathologic anatomic and physiologic abnormality of the mitral valve apparatus affecting mitral leaflet motion. "Mitral valve prolapse syndrome" is a term often used to describe a constellation of mitral valve prolapse and associated symptoms or other physical abnormalities such as autonomic dysfunction, palpitations and pectus excavatum. The importance of recognizing that mitral valve prolapse may occur as an isolated disorder or with other coincident findings has led to the use of both terms. Mitral valve prolapse syndrome, which occurs in 3 to 6 percent of Americans, is caused by a systolic billowing of one or both mitral leaflets into the left atrium, with or without mitral regurgitation. It is often discovered during routine cardiac auscultation or when echocardiography is performed for another reason. Most patients with mitral valve prolapse are asymptomatic. Those who have symptoms commonly report chest discomfort, anxiety, fatigue and dyspnea, but whether these are actually due to mitral valve prolapse is not certain. The principal physical finding is a midsystolic click, which frequently is followed by a late systolic murmur. Although echocardiography is the most useful mode for identifying mitral valve prolapse, it is not recommended as a screening tool for mitral valve prolapse in patients who have no systolic click or murmur on careful auscultation. Mitral valve prolapse has a benign prognosis and a complication rate of 2 percent per year. The progression of mitral regurgitation may cause dilation of the left-sided heart chambers. Infective endocarditis is a potential complication. Patients with mitral valve prolapse syndrome who have murmurs and/or thickened redundant leaflets seen on echocardiography should receive antibiotic prophylaxis against endocarditis. (+info)
Immune system dysfunction and autoimmune disease in mice lacking Emk (Par-1) protein kinase. (3/78)Emk is a serine/threonine protein kinase implicated in regulating polarity, cell cycle progression, and microtubule dynamics. To delineate the role of Emk in development and adult tissues, mice lacking Emk were generated by targeted gene disruption. Emk(-/-) mice displayed growth retardation and immune cell dysfunction. Although B- and T-cell development were normal, CD4(+)T cells lacking Emk exhibited a marked upregulation of the memory marker CD44/pgp-1 and produced more gamma interferon and interleukin-4 on stimulation through the T-cell receptor in vitro. In addition, B-cell responses to T-cell-dependent and -independent antigen challenge were altered in vivo. As Emk(-/-) animals aged, they developed splenomegaly, lymphadenopathy, membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis, and lymphocytic infiltrates in the lungs, parotid glands and kidneys. Taken together, these results demonstrate that the Emk protein kinase is essential for maintaining immune system homeostasis and that loss of Emk may contribute to autoimmune disease in mammals. (+info)
Florid vascular proliferation of the colon related to intussusception and mucosal prolapse: potential diagnostic confusion with angiosarcoma. (4/78)With the exception of angiodysplasia, vascular abnormalities of the intestines are unusual. We describe a florid benign vascular proliferation of the colon in five adult patients, three of whom presented with idiopathic intussusception. In all cases, the proliferation was sufficiently exuberant to raise the possibility of angiosarcoma as a diagnostic consideration. The group included 2 males and 3 females with a median age of 43 years. Two patients were HIV positive. Four patients presented with a colonic mass; other symptoms at presentation included abdominal pain, diarrhea, bleeding, and bowel obstruction. In all cases, a florid lobular proliferation of small vascular channels lined by plump endothelial cells extended from the submucosa through the entire thickness of the bowel wall. The endothelial cells showed minimal nuclear atypia, and mitotic figures were infrequent. The overlying mucosa showed ulceration with ischemic-type changes, and had features of mucosal prolapse. A possible underlying arteriovenous malformation was identified in two cases. All patients were alive and well at last follow-up (interval, 6 months to 5 years). The presence of intussusception or mucosal prolapse in all of the cases suggests repeated mechanical forces applied to the bowel wall as a possible etiologic factor. The role of HIV infection in the pathogenesis of these lesions remains to be determined. (+info)
Malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the pulmonary vein with prolapse through the mitral valve orifice. (5/78)We present the case of a 33 year old white woman with malignant fibrous histiocytoma arising from the pulmonary vein and prolapsing through the mitral valve, causing acute heart failure. The patient underwent emergency cardiothoracic surgery with resection of the tumour while on cardiopulmonary bypass. The patient's heart failure improved immediately following the resection, demonstrating the benefit of palliative surgery. Adjuvant chemotherapy was recommended and the patient did well for 18 months of follow-up. (+info)
Antral hyperplastic polyp causing intermittent gastric outlet obstruction: case report. (6/78)BACKGROUND: Hyperplastic polyps are the most common polypoid lesions of the stomach. Rarely, they cause gastric outlet obstruction by prolapsing through the pyloric channel, when they arise in the prepyloric antrum. CASE PRESENTATION: A 62-year-old woman presented with intermittent nausea and vomiting of 4 months duration. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed a 30 mm prepyloric sessile polyp causing intermittent gastric outlet obstruction. Following submucosal injection of diluted adrenaline solution, the polyp was removed with a snare. Multiple biopsies were taken from the greater curvature of the antrum and the corpus. Rapid urease test for Helicobacter pylori yielded a negative result. Histopathologic examination showed a hyperplastic polyp without any evidence of malignancy. Biopsies of the antrum and the corpus revealed gastritis with neither atrophic changes nor Helicobacter pylori infection. Follow-up endoscopy after a 12-week course of proton pomp inhibitor therapy showed a complete healing without any remnant tissue at the polypectomy site. The patient has been symptom-free during 8 months of follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Symptomatic gastric polyps should be removed preferentially when they are detected at the initial diagnostic endoscopy. Polypectomy not only provides tissue to determine the exact histopathologic type of the polyp, but also achieves radical treatment. (+info)
Innervation of the levator ani and coccygeus muscles of the female rat. (7/78)In humans, the pelvic floor skeletal muscles support the viscera. Damage to innervation of these muscles during parturition may contribute to pelvic organ prolapse and urinary incontinence. Unfortunately, animal models that are suitable for studying parturition-induced pelvic floor neuropathy and its treatment are rare. The present study describes the intrapelvic skeletal muscles (i.e., the iliocaudalis, pubocaudalis, and coccygeus) and their innervation in the rat to assess its usefulness as a model for studies of pelvic floor nerve damage and repair. Dissection of rat intrapelvic skeletal muscles demonstrated a general similarity with human pelvic floor muscles. Innervation of the iliocaudalis and pubocaudalis muscles (which together constitute the levator ani muscles) was provided by a nerve (the "levator ani nerve") that entered the pelvic cavity alongside the pelvic nerve, and then branched and penetrated the ventromedial (i.e., intrapelvic) surface of these muscles. Innervation of the rat coccygeus muscle (the "coccygeal nerve") was derived from two adjacent branches of the L6-S1 trunk that penetrated the muscle on its rostral edge. Acetylcholinesterase staining revealed a single motor endplate zone in each muscle, closely adjacent to the point of nerve penetration. Transection of the levator ani or coccygeal nerves (with a 2-week survival time) reduced muscle mass and myocyte diameter in the iliocaudalis and pubocaudalis or coccygeus muscles, respectively. The pudendal nerve did not innervate the intrapelvic skeletal muscles. We conclude that the intrapelvic skeletal muscles in the rat are similar to those described in our previous studies of humans and that they have a distinct innervation with no contribution from the pudendal nerve. (+info)
Prolapsed intraocular aspergilloma masquerading as malignant melanoma. (8/78)We describe an aspergilloma that masqueraded as an intraocular malignant melanoma in an elderly male patient. (+info)
In the medical field, "prolapse" refers to the displacement or falling out of an organ or tissue from its normal position. This can occur in various parts of the body, including the uterus, rectum, bladder, and vaginal wall. For example, in pelvic organ prolapse, the uterus, bladder, or rectum may drop down into the vagina, causing symptoms such as a feeling of heaviness in the pelvis, difficulty urinating or emptying the bladder, or difficulty having sex. This condition is more common in women, especially those who have given birth vaginally or who are over the age of 50. Prolapse can also occur in other parts of the body, such as the esophagus or the anus. In these cases, the condition may be referred to by a different name, such as esophageal prolapse or anal prolapse. Treatment for prolapse depends on the severity of the condition and the symptoms experienced by the individual. In some cases, lifestyle changes or physical therapy may be recommended to help manage symptoms. In more severe cases, surgery may be necessary to repair the prolapsed organ or tissue.
Uterine prolapse is a medical condition in which the uterus, the muscular organ that contains and nourishes a developing fetus, drops down into the vagina or even outside of the body. This can occur due to weakened or damaged muscles and ligaments that support the uterus, which can be caused by childbirth, aging, menopause, or chronic coughing or constipation. Symptoms of uterine prolapse may include a feeling of heaviness in the pelvis, a bulge or lump in the vagina, difficulty emptying the bladder or bowels, and pain during intercourse or when coughing or sneezing. In severe cases, the uterus may protrude so much that it is visible outside of the body. Treatment for uterine prolapse may include lifestyle changes, such as weight loss or quitting smoking, as well as physical therapy to strengthen the muscles and ligaments that support the uterus. In more severe cases, surgery may be necessary to repair or remove the damaged tissues and restore the uterus to its proper position.
Rectal prolapse is a medical condition in which the rectum, the lower part of the large intestine, descends or protrudes through the anus. This can cause a bulge or lump in the anus, which may be visible externally or felt internally. Rectal prolapse can be classified as either complete or incomplete, depending on whether the entire rectum or just part of it is involved. It can also be classified as primary or secondary, depending on whether it is caused by a weakness in the rectal muscles or by an underlying medical condition such as constipation, childbirth, or chronic straining. Treatment for rectal prolapse may include lifestyle changes, medications, or surgery.
Mitral Valve Prolapse (MVP) is a common heart condition in which the mitral valve, which is located between the left atrium and left ventricle of the heart, becomes enlarged or floppy. This can cause the valve to bulge or prolapse (push) into the left atrium during heartbeats, which can interfere with the normal flow of blood through the heart. MVP can be asymptomatic or may cause symptoms such as palpitations, shortness of breath, chest pain, and dizziness. In some cases, MVP can lead to more serious complications such as heart failure or abnormal heart rhythms. Treatment for MVP may include medications, lifestyle changes, or surgery, depending on the severity of the condition.
Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a medical condition in which one or more of the pelvic organs, such as the uterus, bladder, or rectum, drop down and push into the vagina. This can cause a feeling of heaviness or pressure in the pelvis, difficulty emptying the bladder or bowels, and discomfort during sexual activity. POP is more common in women, especially those who have given birth vaginally or who are overweight, and it can become more severe over time if left untreated. Treatment options for POP may include lifestyle changes, physical therapy, and surgery.
Aortic valve prolapse is a condition in which the aortic valve does not close properly, causing it to bulge or "prolapse" back into the heart. This can lead to a variety of symptoms, including shortness of breath, chest pain, and palpitations. Aortic valve prolapse is usually caused by damage to the valve, such as from aging or from certain medical conditions. It is typically diagnosed using an echocardiogram, a type of ultrasound test that allows doctors to see the heart and valves in action. Treatment for aortic valve prolapse may include medications to manage symptoms or surgery to repair or replace the valve.
A cystocele is a medical condition in which the bladder wall bulges into the vagina. It occurs when the muscles and ligaments that support the bladder weaken or stretch, causing the bladder to drop down into the vagina. Cystoceles are more common in women, particularly those who have given birth vaginally or who have a history of pelvic floor disorders. Symptoms of a cystocele may include a feeling of fullness or pressure in the pelvis, difficulty emptying the bladder, and a bulge or protrusion from the vagina. Treatment for cystoceles may include physical therapy, pelvic floor exercises, and in some cases, surgery.
Visceral prolapse, also known as internal prolapse or organ prolapse, is a medical condition in which one or more organs in the pelvis, such as the uterus, bladder, or rectum, drop down and protrude through the vagina. This can occur due to weakened pelvic muscles or ligaments, which are responsible for supporting the organs in place. Visceral prolapse can cause discomfort, pain, and other symptoms, and may require medical treatment, such as surgery, to correct. It is a common condition, particularly in women, and can occur at any age.
Rectocele is a medical condition in which the rectum bulges into the vagina. It is a type of pelvic organ prolapse, which occurs when the muscles and tissues that support the organs in the pelvis weaken or become damaged. Rectoceles can cause symptoms such as difficulty emptying the bladder or bowels, pain during sex, and a sensation of fullness or pressure in the pelvis. Treatment options for rectoceles may include lifestyle changes, physical therapy, and surgery.
Tricuspid valve prolapse is a condition in which the tricuspid valve, which is located between the right atrium and right ventricle of the heart, does not close properly. This can cause blood to flow backwards through the valve, which can lead to a variety of symptoms and complications. The tricuspid valve is made up of three flaps, or leaflets, that work together to keep blood flowing in one direction through the heart. When the valve prolapses, one or more of these leaflets can bulge or "flip" up into the atrium, rather than closing tightly against the ventricle. This can allow blood to flow backwards through the valve, which can cause a variety of symptoms, including shortness of breath, fatigue, and chest pain. Tricuspid valve prolapse can be caused by a variety of factors, including damage to the valve from infection or injury, or changes in the structure of the valve due to aging or other medical conditions. In some cases, the condition may be asymptomatic and may not require treatment. However, in more severe cases, treatment may be necessary to prevent complications such as heart failure or blood clots. Treatment options may include medications, lifestyle changes, or surgery, depending on the severity of the condition and the specific symptoms experienced by the individual.
Stress urinary incontinence is a type of urinary incontinence that occurs when the muscles and ligaments that support the bladder are weakened or damaged, causing the bladder to leak urine when you cough, sneeze, laugh, or engage in physical activity. This type of incontinence is often caused by childbirth, aging, or certain medical conditions, such as pelvic floor disorders or neurological disorders. Stress urinary incontinence can be treated with a variety of methods, including pelvic floor exercises, bladder training, and medications. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary.
Heart valve prolapse is a condition in which one or more of the heart valves do not close properly, causing them to bulge or "prolapse" back into the heart chamber. This can lead to a variety of symptoms, including shortness of breath, chest pain, palpitations, and dizziness. In some cases, heart valve prolapse may cause no symptoms and may not require treatment. However, in more severe cases, it may lead to heart failure or other complications. Treatment for heart valve prolapse typically involves medications to manage symptoms and prevent complications, and in some cases, surgery may be necessary.
Mitral Valve Insufficiency (MVI) is a medical condition in which the mitral valve, which is located between the left atrium and left ventricle of the heart, does not close properly. This allows blood to flow back from the left ventricle into the left atrium, which can lead to an overload of blood in the left atrium and a decrease in the amount of blood flowing to the rest of the body. MVI can be caused by a variety of factors, including damage to the valve from infection, rheumatic fever, or high blood pressure, or it can be a result of a congenital defect. Symptoms of MVI may include shortness of breath, fatigue, chest pain, and swelling in the legs and ankles. Treatment for MVI may include medications to manage symptoms and improve heart function, or surgery to repair or replace the damaged valve.
Pelvic floor disorders refer to a group of conditions that affect the muscles and ligaments that support the pelvic organs, including the bladder, uterus, rectum, and anus. These disorders can cause a range of symptoms, including urinary incontinence, fecal incontinence, pelvic pain, and organ prolapse. Urinary incontinence is the involuntary loss of urine, which can be a symptom of weakened pelvic floor muscles. Fecal incontinence is the involuntary loss of bowel movements, which can also be caused by weakened pelvic floor muscles. Pelvic pain can be caused by a variety of factors, including muscle spasms, inflammation, or injury to the pelvic organs. Organ prolapse occurs when the pelvic organs, such as the uterus or rectum, drop down into the vagina or outside of the body. Pelvic floor disorders can be caused by a variety of factors, including pregnancy and childbirth, aging, chronic constipation, obesity, and certain medical conditions. Treatment for pelvic floor disorders may include physical therapy, pelvic floor exercises, medications, and surgery, depending on the specific condition and severity of symptoms.
Fecal incontinence is a medical condition characterized by the involuntary loss of feces or stool. It can occur in people of all ages and can be caused by a variety of factors, including weakened pelvic floor muscles, damage to the nerves that control bowel movements, and certain medical conditions such as diabetes, multiple sclerosis, or Parkinson's disease. Fecal incontinence can be classified into two main types: urge incontinence and stress incontinence. Urgent incontinence is characterized by the sudden and urgent need to have a bowel movement, followed by the involuntary loss of feces. Stress incontinence, on the other hand, occurs when physical activities such as coughing, sneezing, or lifting weights put pressure on the rectum and cause feces to leak out. Fecal incontinence can be a distressing and embarrassing condition that can affect a person's quality of life. Treatment options may include lifestyle changes, such as dietary modifications and exercise, as well as medical interventions such as medications, biofeedback therapy, and surgery.
Defecography is a medical imaging procedure used to evaluate the function of the lower gastrointestinal (GI) tract, specifically the rectum and anus. It is also known as a barium enema or barium. During the procedure, a contrast material called barium is introduced into the rectum and colon through a small enema tube. The patient is then positioned on an X-ray table, and a series of X-ray images are taken as the barium flows through the lower GI tract. The images show the movement of the barium through the rectum, sigmoid colon, and anal canal, allowing the doctor to assess the function of these areas. Defecography can help diagnose conditions such as rectal prolapse, rectocele, anal sphincter dysfunction, and other abnormalities of the lower GI tract. It is often used in conjunction with other diagnostic tests, such as a digital rectal exam or a colonoscopy, to provide a more complete picture of a patient's condition.
Chordae tendineae are thin, fibrous bands of tissue that connect the papillary muscles of the heart to the openings in the heart valves. They play a crucial role in maintaining the proper function of the heart valves by helping to keep them closed when the heart is relaxed and preventing them from prolapsing (bulging) when the heart is contracting. The chordae tendineae are essential for the proper flow of blood through the heart and preventing backflow (regurgitation) of blood from the heart's chambers. Damage or dysfunction of the chordae tendineae can lead to heart valve problems and heart failure.
Urinary incontinence is a medical condition characterized by the involuntary loss of urine. It can occur at any age and can be caused by a variety of factors, including weakened pelvic muscles, nerve damage, hormonal changes, and certain medical conditions such as diabetes or multiple sclerosis. There are several types of urinary incontinence, including stress incontinence, urge incontinence, mixed incontinence, and overflow incontinence. Stress incontinence occurs when the bladder leaks urine when the abdominal muscles are squeezed, such as during coughing, laughing, or exercising. Urge incontinence occurs when a person experiences an urgent need to urinate and is unable to reach a bathroom in time. Mixed incontinence is a combination of stress and urge incontinence, while overflow incontinence occurs when the bladder is unable to empty completely, leading to dribbling or leakage. Treatment for urinary incontinence may include lifestyle changes, physical therapy, medication, and surgery, depending on the underlying cause and severity of the condition.
Hemorrhoids are swollen veins in the rectum and anus. They are a common condition that affects many people at some point in their lives. Hemorrhoids can be either internal or external, and they can cause a range of symptoms, including pain, itching, bleeding, and discomfort during bowel movements. Internal hemorrhoids are located inside the rectum and are not visible from the outside. They may cause bleeding during bowel movements or discomfort when passing stool. External hemorrhoids are located under the skin around the anus and are visible. They may cause itching, pain, and discomfort, especially when sitting for long periods or during bowel movements. Hemorrhoids can be caused by a variety of factors, including straining during bowel movements, pregnancy, obesity, and chronic constipation. Treatment options for hemorrhoids include lifestyle changes, such as increasing fiber intake and staying hydrated, as well as medical treatments, such as medications, rubber band ligation, and surgery.
The anal canal is the final segment of the large intestine, located at the lower end of the rectum. It is a muscular tube that connects the rectum to the anus and is responsible for the elimination of solid waste from the body. The anal canal is about 2-3 inches long and is lined with mucus-secreting glands that help to lubricate and protect the lining of the canal during defecation. The anal canal is also surrounded by a ring of muscles called the anal sphincter, which helps to control the flow of feces out of the body. In the medical field, the anal canal is often referred to as the rectum or the lower gastrointestinal tract.
Intervertebral Disc Displacement (IVDD) is a medical condition that occurs when the intervertebral discs, which act as shock absorbers between the vertebrae in the spine, move out of place. This displacement can cause compression or irritation of the spinal nerves, leading to pain, numbness, weakness, and other symptoms. IVDD can occur in any part of the spine, but it is most common in the lower back (lumbar spine) and neck (cervical spine). The displacement can be caused by a variety of factors, including age, genetics, injury, and repetitive strain. There are several types of IVDD, including herniated disc, bulging disc, and prolapsed disc. Treatment options for IVDD depend on the severity of the condition and the specific symptoms experienced by the patient. They may include physical therapy, pain medication, injections, surgery, or a combination of these approaches.
Rectal diseases refer to medical conditions that affect the rectum, which is the final part of the large intestine. The rectum is responsible for storing feces until they are eliminated from the body through the anus. Rectal diseases can be acute or chronic and can range from minor to severe. Some common rectal diseases include: 1. Hemorrhoids: Swollen veins in the rectum or anus that can cause pain, itching, and bleeding. 2. Anal fissures: Tears in the lining of the anus that can cause pain and bleeding during bowel movements. 3. Fistulas: Abnormal connections between the rectum and other organs or tissues, such as the skin or vagina. 4. Polyps: Non-cancerous growths in the rectum that can cause bleeding or blockage. 5. Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD): Chronic conditions that cause inflammation in the rectum and other parts of the digestive tract, including Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. 6. Rectal cancer: A type of cancer that starts in the rectum and can spread to other parts of the body. Rectal diseases can be diagnosed through a physical examination, medical imaging tests, and other diagnostic procedures. Treatment options depend on the specific disease and may include medications, surgery, or other therapies.
Dyspareunia is a medical term used to describe persistent or recurring pain during sexual intercourse. It can affect both men and women and can be caused by a variety of factors, including physical conditions, psychological factors, or a combination of both. In women, dyspareunia can be caused by conditions such as vaginal dryness, vaginal atrophy, pelvic inflammatory disease, endometriosis, or vulvar vestibulitis syndrome. In men, it can be caused by conditions such as erectile dysfunction, premature ejaculation, or Peyronie's disease. Dyspareunia can also be caused by psychological factors, such as anxiety, depression, or past traumatic experiences. It can also be a symptom of underlying medical conditions, such as fibromyalgia or chronic fatigue syndrome. Treatment for dyspareunia depends on the underlying cause. It may involve medications, therapy, or lifestyle changes. It is important to seek medical attention if dyspareunia is persistent or severe, as it can have a significant impact on a person's quality of life and their ability to have satisfying sexual relationships.
Polypropylenes are a type of plastic material that is commonly used in the medical field for a variety of applications. They are made from the polymerization of propylene monomers and are known for their strength, durability, and resistance to chemicals and moisture. In the medical field, polypropylenes are used to make a wide range of products, including catheters, surgical instruments, prosthetic devices, and medical packaging. They are also used to make implants and other medical devices that are designed to be left in the body for an extended period of time. One of the key advantages of polypropylenes in the medical field is their biocompatibility. They are generally well-tolerated by the body and do not cause adverse reactions or inflammation. They are also easy to clean and sterilize, which makes them ideal for use in medical settings where hygiene is critical. Overall, polypropylenes are a versatile and widely used material in the medical field, thanks to their combination of strength, durability, and biocompatibility.
Heart murmurs are abnormal sounds heard in the heart during auscultation, which is the process of listening to the heart with a stethoscope. These sounds are caused by turbulent blood flow within the heart or blood vessels, and they can be caused by a variety of conditions, including congenital heart defects, valvular heart disease, and heart infections. Heart murmurs can be classified into several types based on their characteristics, including systolic murmurs, diastolic murmurs, and continuous murmurs. Systolic murmurs occur during the contraction of the heart, while diastolic murmurs occur during the relaxation of the heart. Continuous murmurs occur throughout the cardiac cycle. The presence of a heart murmur does not necessarily indicate a serious condition, as many people have innocent murmurs that do not cause any problems. However, some heart murmurs may be indicative of a more serious underlying condition, such as a heart valve disorder or a congenital heart defect, and may require further evaluation and treatment.
Vaginal fistula is a medical condition in which there is a abnormal opening or passage between the vagina and another body cavity or organ, such as the bladder, rectum, or small intestine. This can result in the leakage of urine, feces, or gas through the vagina, causing discomfort, infection, and social isolation. Vaginal fistulas can be caused by a variety of factors, including childbirth complications, pelvic inflammatory disease, and surgery. Treatment typically involves surgical repair of the fistula, although the success of the procedure depends on the size and location of the fistula, as well as the underlying cause.
Marfan syndrome is a genetic disorder that affects the connective tissue in the body. It is caused by a mutation in the FBN1 gene, which provides instructions for making a protein called fibrillin-1. This protein is essential for the normal development and maintenance of connective tissue, which is found throughout the body and provides support and structure to organs and tissues. People with Marfan syndrome may have a variety of symptoms, including: - Tall stature and long limbs - Thin, delicate skin that bruises easily - Long, thin fingers and toes - Vision problems, such as nearsightedness or astigmatism - Heart problems, such as mitral valve prolapse or aortic aneurysm - Lung problems, such as scoliosis or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) - Skeletal problems, such as kyphosis or scoliosis Marfan syndrome is usually diagnosed based on a combination of symptoms, family history, and genetic testing. There is no cure for Marfan syndrome, but treatment can help manage symptoms and prevent complications. This may include medications to treat heart problems, surgery to repair or replace damaged organs, and physical therapy to improve mobility and strength.
Aortic Valve Insufficiency (AVI) is a medical condition in which the aortic valve fails to close properly, allowing blood to flow back into the left ventricle of the heart. This can lead to a decrease in the amount of blood that is pumped out of the heart with each beat, which can cause symptoms such as shortness of breath, fatigue, and chest pain. AVI can be caused by a variety of factors, including damage to the valve from infection, high blood pressure, or aging. It can also be caused by certain medical conditions, such as rheumatic fever or Marfan syndrome. Treatment for AVI may include medications, lifestyle changes, or surgery, depending on the severity of the condition.
Heart valve diseases refer to disorders that affect the heart's valves, which are responsible for regulating the flow of blood through the heart. There are four valves in the heart: the tricuspid valve, the pulmonary valve, the mitral valve, and the aortic valve. Heart valve diseases can be caused by a variety of factors, including age, genetics, infections, and certain medical conditions such as rheumatic fever. Some common types of heart valve diseases include: 1. Stenosis: This occurs when the valve becomes narrowed, making it difficult for blood to flow through it. 2. Regurgitation: This occurs when the valve does not close properly, allowing blood to flow backward into the heart. 3. Prolapse: This occurs when the valve leaflets prolapse (push out) from the valve ring, causing the valve to leak. 4. Endocarditis: This is an infection of the inner lining of the heart, which can damage the valves. Heart valve diseases can lead to a variety of symptoms, including shortness of breath, chest pain, fatigue, and swelling in the legs and ankles. Treatment options for heart valve diseases depend on the type and severity of the condition, and may include medications, lifestyle changes, or surgery.
In the medical field, defecation refers to the process of eliminating solid waste, also known as feces, from the body through the anus. This process involves the movement of feces through the large intestine, where water is absorbed, and the rectum, where the feces are stored until they are eliminated from the body. Defecation is a normal and essential function of the digestive system, and any problems with this process can lead to a range of medical conditions, including constipation, diarrhea, and fecal incontinence. Medical professionals may use various diagnostic tools and techniques to evaluate the function of the digestive system and diagnose any underlying conditions that may be affecting defecation. Treatment options may include changes in diet and lifestyle, medications, and in some cases, surgical procedures.
Postoperative complications are adverse events that occur after a surgical procedure. They can range from minor issues, such as bruising or discomfort, to more serious problems, such as infection, bleeding, or organ damage. Postoperative complications can occur for a variety of reasons, including surgical errors, anesthesia errors, infections, allergic reactions to medications, and underlying medical conditions. They can also be caused by factors such as poor nutrition, dehydration, and smoking. Postoperative complications can have serious consequences for patients, including prolonged hospital stays, additional surgeries, and even death. Therefore, it is important for healthcare providers to take steps to prevent postoperative complications and to promptly recognize and treat them if they do occur.
A hernia is a condition in which an organ or tissue pushes through a weakened or damaged area in the surrounding muscle or connective tissue. This can occur in various parts of the body, including the abdomen, groin, and neck. In the abdominal area, a hernia occurs when an organ, such as the intestines, pushes through a weakened area in the abdominal wall, often due to increased pressure within the abdomen. This can cause a bulge or lump to form in the affected area. Groin hernias occur when an organ, such as the intestines, pushes through a weakened area in the groin, which is where the abdominal muscles meet the muscles of the thigh. This can cause a painful lump or swelling in the groin area. Neck hernias, also known as hiatal hernias, occur when the upper part of the stomach pushes through a weakened area in the diaphragm, which separates the chest and abdomen. This can cause heartburn, difficulty swallowing, and chest pain. Hernias can be treated with surgery or, in some cases, with conservative measures such as wearing a hernia belt or avoiding heavy lifting. It is important to seek medical attention if you suspect you may have a hernia, as untreated hernias can lead to serious complications.
Urinary Bladder, Overactive, also known as Overactive Bladder (OAB), is a medical condition characterized by the involuntary contractions of the muscles of the urinary bladder, leading to frequent and urgent urination, often accompanied by a strong and sudden urge to urinate. This can result in leakage of urine, which can be embarrassing and affect a person's quality of life. OAB can be caused by a variety of factors, including age, genetics, certain medical conditions, and lifestyle factors such as smoking and alcohol consumption. It is a common condition, affecting millions of people worldwide, and can be treated with a variety of medications, behavioral therapies, and in some cases, surgery.
Constipation is a common digestive disorder characterized by difficulty in passing stools or infrequent bowel movements. It is typically defined as having fewer than three bowel movements per week or difficulty passing stools that are hard, dry, and lumpy. Constipation can be caused by a variety of factors, including a lack of fiber in the diet, dehydration, certain medications, hormonal changes, and certain medical conditions such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and Parkinson's disease. Symptoms of constipation may include abdominal pain, bloating, nausea, vomiting, and a feeling of incomplete bowel movements. Treatment for constipation typically involves changes in diet and lifestyle, such as increasing fiber intake and staying hydrated, as well as the use of over-the-counter laxatives or stool softeners. In severe cases, medical intervention may be necessary.
Vaginal diseases refer to any medical conditions that affect the vagina, including infections, inflammations, and structural abnormalities. These conditions can cause a range of symptoms, such as itching, burning, discharge, pain, and bleeding. Some common vaginal diseases include bacterial vaginosis, yeast infections, trichomoniasis, vaginitis, and vaginal atrophy. These conditions can be caused by various factors, such as hormonal changes, poor hygiene, sexual activity, and certain medications. Treatment for vaginal diseases depends on the specific condition and its severity. It may involve the use of antifungal, antibiotic, or antiviral medications, as well as lifestyle changes and hygiene practices. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to correct structural abnormalities or remove growths. It is important for women to be aware of the signs and symptoms of vaginal diseases and to seek medical attention if they experience any concerning symptoms. Early detection and treatment can help prevent complications and improve outcomes.
Cautery is a medical procedure that involves the use of heat or electricity to destroy or remove tissue. It is typically used to treat or remove abnormal tissue, such as warts, skin tags, or certain types of cancerous growths. The heat or electricity is applied to the tissue using a special tool, such as a cautery pencil or an electrocautery device. The tissue is destroyed by the heat or electricity, which causes it to dry out and die. Cautery is a relatively quick and painless procedure, and it can be used to treat a wide range of medical conditions. However, it is important to note that cautery can sometimes cause scarring or other complications, and it may not be suitable for everyone.
Bovine vaginal prolapse
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- Rectal prolapse is a condition in which part of the wall or the entire wall of the rectum falls out of place. (wikipedia.org)
- Symptoms of a rectal prolapse may be: Leakage of stool Bleeding, anal pain, itching, irritation Tissue that protrudes from the rectum A surgeon may operate through the abdomen to secure part of the large intestine or rectum to the inside of the abdominal cavity (rectopexy). (wikipedia.org)
- The rectum or urinary bladder may prolapse as a result of changes in the integrity of connective tissue in the posterior or anterior vaginal walls, respectively, resulting in pelvic floor prolapse. (wikipedia.org)
- Prolapse is the partial expulsion of the rectum, vagina or uterus. (cattletoday.com)
- Is there a code for manual reduction of prolapsed rectum under sedation? (aapc.com)
- Pelvic organ prolapse is when the muscles and tissues that support the pelvic organs weaken, causing one or more pelvic organs - most commonly the bladder, rectum or uterus - to drop into or out of the vagina. (bestcare.org)
- Prolapse results from weakening or damage to the pelvic ligaments, muscles, nerves and tissues that are responsible for supporting the pelvic organs (vagina, uterus, bladder, uterus and rectum). (drharrieswanepoel.com)
- The second theory holds that rectal prolapse starts as a circumferential internal intussusception of the rectum beginning 6-8 cm proximal to the anal verge. (medscape.com)
- Whether these anatomic features are the cause or result of the prolapsing rectum is not known. (medscape.com)
- In children, rectal prolapse is probably related to the vertical orientation of the rectum, the mobility of the sigmoid colon, the relative weakness of the pelvic floor muscle, mucosa that is poorly fixed to submucosa, and redundant rectal mucosa. (medscape.com)
- Relating to the uterus, prolapse condition results in an inferior extension of the organ into the vagina, caused by weakened pelvic muscles. (wikipedia.org)
- Uterine prolapse (or Pelvic organ prolapse) occurs when the female pelvic organs fall from their normal position, into or through the vagina. (wikipedia.org)
- Uterine prolapse is the descent of the cervix and uterus into the vagina and beyond. (womens-health-club.com)
- In first degree uterine prolapse, the cervix is still within the vagina. (womens-health-club.com)
- Patients with uterine prolapse commonly complain of a bulge or lump in the vagina. (womens-health-club.com)
- Coporrhaphy - Also performed through the vagina, this procedure repairs bladder or rectal prolapse by reinforcing or repairing your own tissues. (stvincenthospital.com)
- Prolapse is almost never painful, but the change in position of organs may cause urinary or bowel symptoms. (wikipedia.org)
- What are the symptoms of mitral valve prolapse (MVP)? (medlineplus.gov)
- People with mitral valve prolapse often do not have symptoms. (epnet.com)
- Surgical therapy for internal prolapse is usually avoided because results are poor, with durable relief of symptoms occurring in fewer than 50% of patients. (medscape.com)
- If you have symptoms of pelvic organ prolapse, it is important that you consult with your primary care physician for a complete physical examination of the genitourinary and nervous systems, as well as provide your physician with urine samples. (nm.org)
- Some women with prolapse also have lower urinary tract symptoms such as difficulty passing urine, urinary incontinence, or frequent urination. (nm.org)
- If you're experiencing symptoms of pelvic organ prolapse, you're not alone. (bestcare.org)
- Most people with mitral valve prolapse have no symptoms. (msdmanuals.com)
- Vaginal prolapse is a common condition and can cause symptoms such as a sensation of a vaginal bulge, pelvic pressure and discomfort, constipation, and difficulty emptying the bowel or bladder or problems with sexual intercourse. (drharrieswanepoel.com)
- Prevalence of urinary, prolapse, and bowel symptoms in Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome. (bvsalud.org)
- This study aimed to assess urinary, prolapse , and bowel symptoms in individuals with Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome and to determine whether symptoms vary by vaginal lengthening treatment . (bvsalud.org)
- Demographics, age at and timing of diagnosis , information about vaginal lengthening treatment , urinary symptoms ( Michigan Incontinence Symptom Index), prolapse symptoms ( Pelvic Organ Prolapse Distress Inventory short-form version), and bowel symptoms (Bristol Stool Form Scale) were obtained. (bvsalud.org)
- Urinary, prolapse , and bowel symptoms are common among individuals with Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome and should be evaluated in this population . (bvsalud.org)
Mitral Valve Prolap10
- The main type of prolapse of heart valves in humans is mitral valve prolapse (MVP), which is a valvular heart disease characterized by the displacement of an abnormally thickened mitral valve leaflet into the left atrium during systole. (wikipedia.org)
- What is mitral valve prolapse (MVP)? (medlineplus.gov)
- Mitral valve prolapse (MVP) happens when the flaps of the mitral valve become floppy and don't close tightly. (medlineplus.gov)
- Who is more likely to develop mitral valve prolapse (MVP)? (medlineplus.gov)
- What other problems can mitral valve prolapse (MVP) cause? (medlineplus.gov)
- How is mitral valve prolapse (MVP) diagnosed? (medlineplus.gov)
- What are the treatments for mitral valve prolapse (MVP)? (medlineplus.gov)
- Mitral valve prolapse (MVP) is a common, usually benign heart disorder. (epnet.com)
- When you have mitral valve prolapse (MVP), the valve closes after blood flows through. (alberta.ca)
- Patients with suspected mitral valve prolapse (MVP)should undergo echocardiography before any procedure that may place them at risk for bacteremia. (umsystem.edu)
- Reconstructive pelvic prolapse surgery may be done without resorting to complete hysterectomy by hysteropexy, the resuspension of the prolapsed uterus. (wikipedia.org)
- Traditional gynecologic practice favors removal of the uterus or ovaries (or both) at the time of prolapse surgery, and one estimate states that of the 600,000 hysterectomies performed in the United States every year, 13 percent are for prolapse. (wikipedia.org)
- Umbilical cord prolapse occurs when the umbilical cord comes out of the uterus with or before the presenting part of the fetus. (wikipedia.org)
- In third degree uterine prolapse, the cervix and uterus are outside of the vaginal introitus. (womens-health-club.com)
- They can suggest you the finest herbal treatment of uterus prolapsed. (video-bookmark.com)
- Three degrees of uterine prolapse have been described. (womens-health-club.com)
- In second degree uterine prolapse, the cervix is at the vaginal introitus. (womens-health-club.com)
- Uterine prolapse is more common in older women who have had one or more vaginal births. (womens-health-club.com)
- What causes uterine prolapse? (womens-health-club.com)
- The most common cause of uterine prolapse is trauma related to childbirth, especially if a woman has delivered large infants or had difficulties with labor and delivery. (womens-health-club.com)
- Genetics may predispose some women to develop uterine prolapse. (womens-health-club.com)
- Additional strain on the uterine muscles may be caused by obesity, thereby contributing to uterine prolapse. (womens-health-club.com)
- Uterine prolapse may be associated with cystocele and rectocele. (womens-health-club.com)
- With proper precautions (periodic check-ups and cleaning) vaginal pessaries can be effective for many women with uterine prolapse. (womens-health-club.com)
- Uterine prolapse is diagnosed during pelvic examination. (womens-health-club.com)
- Usually, uterine prolapse is only treated if a woman is symptomatic. (womens-health-club.com)
- Vaginal hysterectomy is the surgical method of choice for effective treatment of uterine prolapse. (womens-health-club.com)
- Another surgical procedure, laparoscopic suture hysteropexy, may also be used to treat uterine prolapse. (womens-health-club.com)
- Prevention techniques, such as prenatal and postnatal Kegel exercises, can be taught to reduce the risk of uterine prolapse by strengthening the pelvic floor muscles. (womens-health-club.com)
- Bio-mechanical risk factors for uterine prolapse among women living in the hills of west Nepal: a case-control study. (cdc.gov)
- Objective: To investigate whether heavy load carrying, wearing a patuka, and body position at work are risk factors for uterine prolapse among Nepali women. (cdc.gov)
- Women diagnosed with uterine prolapse were cases. (cdc.gov)
- women who never used a patuka had lower odds of uterine prolapse (odds ratio = 0.18, 95% confidence interval = 0.05-0.71). (cdc.gov)
- Housewives were more prone to uterine prolapse than women engaged in farm ing (odds ratio = 2.13, 95% confidence interval = 1.31-3.47). (cdc.gov)
- Conclusion: Using a patuka, occupation, and body position during work were all associated with uterine prolapse. (cdc.gov)
- Although no medical treatment is available for rectal prolapse, internal prolapse should always be first treated medically with bulking agents, stool softeners, and suppositories or enemas. (medscape.com)
- Often, prolapse begins with an internal prolapse of the anterior rectal wall and progresses to full prolapse. (medscape.com)
- The bladder can be trapped in the prolapse, and if it is, you'll never get it back in. (cattletoday.com)
- You may want to seek treatment if the prolapse is large, causes pain or begins impeding your ability to empty your bladder or bowels. (bestcare.org)
- Prolapsed bladder natural cure. (puremiracleherbs.com)
- Pelvic organ prolapse is a form of complicated SUI because the prolapse can cause a relative obstruction of the urethra, thereby hindering bladder emptying. (medscape.com)
- Surgery also can be done through the perineum (the area between the genitals and the anus) to remove the prolapsing tissue. (wikipedia.org)
- If the anal sphincter is damaged, surgery may correct the prolapse but not be able to completely correct fecal incontinence (lack of control of bowel movements). (wikipedia.org)
- Fecal incontinence can both potentially improve or deteriorate after prolapse surgery. (wikipedia.org)
- Iris prolapse may also occur as part of a condition called intraoperative floppy iris syndrome (IFIS) during cataract surgery or trabeculectomy. (medscape.com)
- Which repair constitutes the best treatment is the main controversy in surgery for rectal prolapse. (medscape.com)
- Contraindications for surgical correction of rectal prolapse are based on the patient's comorbidities and his or her ability to tolerate surgery. (medscape.com)
- Surgery, if done, usually provides excellent results, however, some women may require treatment again in the future for recurrent prolapse of the vaginal walls. (womens-health-club.com)
- About 12% of women have surgery to treat pelvic organ prolapse, and there are several minimally invasive surgery options depending on the location of the prolapse. (bestcare.org)
- But for women with a prolapse that's disrupted their routine or intimacy with their partner, surgery can help improve their quality of life. (bestcare.org)
- Over 10% of women undergo pelvic floor surgery for the management of genital prolapse and or urinary incontinence. (drharrieswanepoel.com)
- The incidence of surgery for prolapse seems to increase with age. (drharrieswanepoel.com)
- The type of surgery that is recommended will depend on many factors such as age, the severity of the prolapse, if there has been previous failed prolapse surgery or a previous hysterectomy. (drharrieswanepoel.com)
- Prolapse surgery can be performed along with surgery for urinary incontinence and about 35% of women who have prolapse surgery will also need surgery for urinary incontinence.The most common operations used by Dr Swanepoel for prolapse are detailed below. (drharrieswanepoel.com)
- Certain anatomic features found during surgery for rectal prolapse are common to most patients. (medscape.com)
- This is often combined with a vaginal hysterectomy and/or other prolapses or stress urinary incontinence. (stvincenthospital.com)
- Whenever there is a sudden decrease in fetal heart rate or abnormal fetal heart tracing, umbilical cord prolapse should be considered. (wikipedia.org)
- Due to the possibility for fetal death and other complications, umbilical cord prolapse is considered an obstetric emergency during pregnancy or labor. (wikipedia.org)
- Cord prolapse is more common in women who have had rupture of their amniotic sac. (wikipedia.org)
- Mitral valve prolapse with backflow is most common in men and people who have high blood pressure . (medlineplus.gov)
- Iris prolapse is probably more common in young men than in young women. (medscape.com)
- Prolapse isn't a common problem, but when it does happen you feel awfully helpless. (cattletoday.com)
- Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a common, benign condition in women. (lww.com)
- Pelvic organ prolapse - or POP - is common in many women. (stvincenthospital.com)
- Pelvic organ prolapse becomes more common with age, as loss of estrogen and other changes that occur with aging can weaken the pelvic floor muscles and support. (nm.org)
- Pelvic organ prolapse is more common than you might think. (bestcare.org)
- Pelvic organ prolapse and other pelvic floor disorders are more common as women age. (bestcare.org)
- Remember: Pelvic organ prolapse is common and treatable. (bestcare.org)
- The most common cause of mitral valve prolapse is weakness in the tissue of your valve, which is genetic (something you inherit from a parent). (msdmanuals.com)
- Genital prolapse has been reported in snakes and turtles. (wikipedia.org)
- Prolapse of the pelvic organs is normally a nonthreatening issue. (video-bookmark.com)
- Childbirth was found to be associated with a variety of muscular and neuromuscular injuries of the pelvic floor that are linked to the development of anal incontinence, urinary incontinence, and pelvic organ prolapse. (afar.info)
- A laparoscopic approach to rectal prolapse repair has become increasingly popular. (medscape.com)
- In mitral valve prolapse , the mitral valve bulges back into the left atrium when your left ventricle contracts. (msdmanuals.com)
- Smoking, obesity, connective tissue disorders, upper respiratory disorders‚ and repetitive strain injuries can all increase prolapse risk. (wikipedia.org)
- iris incarceration occurs when the iris tissue reaches the wound without prolapsing outside the eye. (medscape.com)
- Rectal prolapse occurs when a mucosal or full-thickness layer of rectal tissue protrudes through the anal orifice. (medscape.com)
- Internal intussusception may be a full-thickness or a partial rectal wall disorder, but the prolapsed tissue does not pass beyond the anal canal and does not pass out of the anus. (medscape.com)
- [ 2 ] Mucosal prolapse occurs when the connective tissue attachments of the rectal mucosa are loosened and stretched, thus allowing the tissue to prolapse through the anus. (medscape.com)
- The first theory postulates that rectal prolapse is a sliding hernia through a defect in the pelvic fascia. (medscape.com)
- This approach has intensified the controversy because it has decreased the morbidity of the abdominal approach to rectal prolapse in appropriate candidates. (medscape.com)
- more serious prolapse, e.g., complete procidentia, requires pessary use or reconstructive surgical treatment. (wikipedia.org)
- If the prolapsed iris is exposed (eg, corneal laceration), immediate surgical intervention is needed because infection can spread through the iris and into the eye. (medscape.com)
- If the prolapsed iris is covered by the overlying conjunctiva (eg, surgical wound), immediate surgical intervention is usually not needed. (medscape.com)
- Mechanism of iris prolapse: a qualitative analysis and implications for surgical technique. (medscape.com)
- In cases of uncomplicated rectal prolapse, arrange surgical follow-up care for further evaluation and definitive treatment. (medscape.com)
- If the prolapse cannot be reduced and the viability of the bowel is in question, emergency resection is required. (medscape.com)
- In medicine, prolapse is a condition in which organs fall down or slip out of place. (wikipedia.org)
- My wife has attained menopause and has prolapse of vaginal wall. (abchomeopathy.com)
- Supportive care should be provided according to the clinical picture, particularly in the presence of an irreducible prolapse and with gangrene or rupture of the rectal mucosa. (medscape.com)
- Mucosal prolapse, in contrast, is defined as protrusion of only the rectal mucosa (not the entire wall) from the anus. (medscape.com)
- Pessaries are a treatment option for pelvic organ prolapse. (wikipedia.org)
- Most people who have mitral valve prolapse do not need treatment for it. (alberta.ca)
- You may not need treatment for a pelvic organ prolapse at all. (bestcare.org)
- Most people with mitral valve prolapse don't need treatment. (msdmanuals.com)
- Several maneuvers to help reduce the prolapse have been described and include sedation, field block with local anesthetic, and sprinkling the prolapse with either salt or sugar to decrease the edema and to reduce the prolapse. (medscape.com)
- In fact, about a third of all women will be affected by prolapse or similar conditions in their lifetime. (stvincenthospital.com)
- As many as one in three women who have given birth develop prolapse. (nm.org)
- Some studies estimate that up to 50% of women over age 50 suffer some degree of pelvic organ prolapse in their lives. (bestcare.org)
- 50% of women who have had children, complain of some vaginal prolapse but only 10 to 20% of these women seek medical attention. (drharrieswanepoel.com)
- 2 years (260) were identified and referred, 5,113 uterine prolapses cases of women identified and referred. (who.int)
- The concern with cord prolapse is that pressure on the cord from the fetus will cause cord compression that compromises blood flow to the fetus. (wikipedia.org)
- As many as 50% of prolapse cases are caused by chronic straining with defecation and constipation. (medscape.com)
- The exact incidence of iris prolapse in the United States is unknown, but the overall estimated rate of all eye injuries ranges from 8.2-13 per 1000 population. (medscape.com)
- Available at https://eyewiki.aao.org/Intraoperative_Management_of_Iris_Prolapse . (medscape.com)
- With time and straining, this progresses to full-thickness rectal prolapse, though some patients never progress beyond this stage. (medscape.com)