Seawater: The salinated water of OCEANS AND SEAS that provides habitat for marine organisms.Gills: Paired respiratory organs of fishes and some amphibians that are analogous to lungs. They are richly supplied with blood vessels by which oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged directly with the environment.Water Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in water. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.RNA, Ribosomal, 16S: Constituent of 30S subunit prokaryotic ribosomes containing 1600 nucleotides and 21 proteins. 16S rRNA is involved in initiation of polypeptide synthesis.Ostreidae: A family of marine mollusks in the class BIVALVIA, commonly known as oysters. They have a rough irregular shell closed by a single adductor muscle.Fresh Water: Water containing no significant amounts of salts, such as water from RIVERS and LAKES.Marine Biology: The study of the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of organisms which inhabit the OCEANS AND SEAS.DNA, Ribosomal: DNA sequences encoding RIBOSOMAL RNA and the segments of DNA separating the individual ribosomal RNA genes, referred to as RIBOSOMAL SPACER DNA.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Oceans and Seas: A great expanse of continuous bodies of salt water which together cover more than 70 percent of the earth's surface. Seas may be partially or entirely enclosed by land, and are smaller than the five oceans (Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic, and Antarctic).Salinity: Degree of saltiness, which is largely the OSMOLAR CONCENTRATION of SODIUM CHLORIDE plus any other SALTS present. It is an ecological factor of considerable importance, influencing the types of organisms that live in an ENVIRONMENT.Vibrio: A genus of VIBRIONACEAE, made up of short, slightly curved, motile, gram-negative rods. Various species produce cholera and other gastrointestinal disorders as well as abortion in sheep and cattle.Acclimatization: Adaptation to a new environment or to a change in the old.Base Composition: The relative amounts of the PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in a nucleic acid.Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.Gammaproteobacteria: A group of the proteobacteria comprised of facultatively anaerobic and fermentative gram-negative bacteria.Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Rhodobacteraceae: A family in the order Rhodobacterales, class ALPHAPROTEOBACTERIA.Fundulidae: Family of small, surface-dwelling fish that inhabit fresh and brackish waters, and coastal marine areas.Bivalvia: A class in the phylum MOLLUSCA comprised of mussels; clams; OYSTERS; COCKLES; and SCALLOPS. They are characterized by a bilaterally symmetrical hinged shell and a muscular foot used for burrowing and anchoring.Flavobacteriaceae: A family of bacteria in the order Sphingobacteriales, class Sphingobacteria. They are gram-negative rods, mostly saprophytic in terrestrial and aquatic habitats.Anthozoa: A class in the phylum CNIDARIA, comprised mostly of corals and anemones. All members occur only as polyps; the medusa stage is completely absent.Human Genome Project: A coordinated effort of researchers to map (CHROMOSOME MAPPING) and sequence (SEQUENCE ANALYSIS, DNA) the human GENOME.AnguillaPacific OceanCalcium Carbonate: Carbonic acid calcium salt (CaCO3). An odorless, tasteless powder or crystal that occurs in nature. It is used therapeutically as a phosphate buffer in hemodialysis patients and as a calcium supplement.DNA, Bacterial: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.Eels: Common name for an order (Anguilliformes) of voracious, elongate, snakelike teleost fishes.Water-Electrolyte Balance: The balance of fluid in the BODY FLUID COMPARTMENTS; total BODY WATER; BLOOD VOLUME; EXTRACELLULAR SPACE; INTRACELLULAR SPACE, maintained by processes in the body that regulate the intake and excretion of WATER and ELECTROLYTES, particularly SODIUM and POTASSIUM.Sodium Chloride: A ubiquitous sodium salt that is commonly used to season food.Alphaproteobacteria: A class in the phylum PROTEOBACTERIA comprised mostly of two major phenotypes: purple non-sulfur bacteria and aerobic bacteriochlorophyll-containing bacteria.Salmo salar: A commercially important species of SALMON in the family SALMONIDAE, order SALMONIFORMES, which occurs in the North Atlantic.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Aquaculture: Cultivation of natural faunal resources of water. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Fish Diseases: Diseases of freshwater, marine, hatchery or aquarium fish. This term includes diseases of both teleosts (true fish) and elasmobranchs (sharks, rays and skates).Antarctic Regions: The continent lying around the South Pole and the southern waters of the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans. It includes the Falkland Islands Dependencies. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p55)Heterotrophic Processes: The processes by which organisms utilize organic substances as their nutrient sources. Contrasts with AUTOTROPHIC PROCESSES which make use of simple inorganic substances as the nutrient supply source. Heterotrophs can be either chemoheterotrophs (or chemoorganotrophs) which also require organic substances such as glucose for their primary metabolic energy requirements, or photoheterotrophs (or photoorganotrophs) which derive their primary energy requirements from light. Depending on environmental conditions some organisms can switch between different nutritional modes (AUTOTROPHY; heterotrophy; chemotrophy; or PHOTOTROPHY) to utilize different sources to meet their nutrients and energy requirements.Tilapia: A freshwater fish used as an experimental organism and for food. This genus of the family Cichlidae (CICHLIDS) inhabits Central and South America (one species extends north into Texas), West Indies, Africa, Madagascar, Syria, and coastal India.Mediterranean SeaFatty Acids: Organic, monobasic acids derived from hydrocarbons by the equivalent of oxidation of a methyl group to an alcohol, aldehyde, and then acid. Fatty acids are saturated and unsaturated (FATTY ACIDS, UNSATURATED). (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Bacteria: One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.Plankton: Community of tiny aquatic PLANTS and ANIMALS, and photosynthetic BACTERIA, that are either free-floating or suspended in the water, with little or no power of locomotion. They are divided into PHYTOPLANKTON and ZOOPLANKTON.Genes, rRNA: Genes, found in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes, which are transcribed to produce the RNA which is incorporated into RIBOSOMES. Prokaryotic rRNA genes are usually found in OPERONS dispersed throughout the GENOME, whereas eukaryotic rRNA genes are clustered, multicistronic transcriptional units.Bacterial Typing Techniques: Procedures for identifying types and strains of bacteria. The most frequently employed typing systems are BACTERIOPHAGE TYPING and SEROTYPING as well as bacteriocin typing and biotyping.Shellfish: Aquatic invertebrates belonging to the phylum MOLLUSCA or the subphylum CRUSTACEA, and used as food.Geologic Sediments: A mass of organic or inorganic solid fragmented material, or the solid fragment itself, that comes from the weathering of rock and is carried by, suspended in, or dropped by air, water, or ice. It refers also to a mass that is accumulated by any other natural agent and that forms in layers on the earth's surface, such as sand, gravel, silt, mud, fill, or loess. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1689)Water Pollution: Contamination of bodies of water (such as LAKES; RIVERS; SEAS; and GROUNDWATER.)Temperature: The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.Water Pollution, Chemical: Adverse effect upon bodies of water (LAKES; RIVERS; seas; groundwater etc.) caused by CHEMICAL WATER POLLUTANTS.Dinoflagellida: Flagellate EUKARYOTES, found mainly in the oceans. They are characterized by the presence of transverse and longitudinal flagella which propel the organisms in a rotating manner through the water. Dinoflagellida were formerly members of the class Phytomastigophorea under the old five kingdom paradigm.Crassostrea: A genus of oysters in the family OSTREIDAE, class BIVALVIA.Fishes: A group of cold-blooded, aquatic vertebrates having gills, fins, a cartilaginous or bony endoskeleton, and elongated bodies covered with scales.Ecosystem: A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Vibrio parahaemolyticus: A species of bacteria found in the marine environment, sea foods, and the feces of patients with acute enteritis.Aerobiosis: Life or metabolic reactions occurring in an environment containing oxygen.Korea: Former kingdom, located on Korea Peninsula between Sea of Japan and Yellow Sea on east coast of Asia. In 1948, the kingdom ceased and two independent countries were formed, divided by the 38th parallel.Pigments, Biological: Any normal or abnormal coloring matter in PLANTS; ANIMALS or micro-organisms.Decapodiformes: A superorder of CEPHALOPODS comprised of squid, cuttlefish, and their relatives. Their distinguishing feature is the modification of their fourth pair of arms into tentacles, resulting in 10 limbs.Petroleum: Naturally occurring complex liquid hydrocarbons which, after distillation, yield combustible fuels, petrochemicals, and lubricants.Coral Reefs: Marine ridges composed of living CORALS, coral skeletons, calcareous algae, and other organisms, mixed with minerals and organic matter. They are found most commonly in tropical waters and support other animal and plant life.Eukaryota: One of the three domains of life (the others being BACTERIA and ARCHAEA), also called Eukarya. These are organisms whose cells are enclosed in membranes and possess a nucleus. They comprise almost all multicellular and many unicellular organisms, and are traditionally divided into groups (sometimes called kingdoms) including ANIMALS; PLANTS; FUNGI; and various algae and other taxa that were previously part of the old kingdom Protista.Alteromonadaceae: A family of marine, gram-negative PROTEOBACTERIA including the genera ALTEROMONAS; Colwellia; Idiomarina; MARINOBACTER; MORITELLA; PSEUDOALTEROMONAS; and SHEWANELLA.Water Pollutants, Chemical: Chemical compounds which pollute the water of rivers, streams, lakes, the sea, reservoirs, or other bodies of water.Brachyura: An infraorder of chiefly marine, largely carnivorous CRUSTACEA, in the order DECAPODA, including the genera Cancer, Uca, and Callinectes.Hydrogen-Ion Concentration: The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Vibrio Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus VIBRIO.Biofouling: Process by which unwanted microbial, plant or animal materials or organisms accumulate on man-made surfaces.Bays: An area of water mostly surrounded by land, usually smaller than a gulf, and affording access to the sea.Fish Proteins: Proteins obtained from species of fish (FISHES).Carbonates: Salts or ions of the theoretical carbonic acid, containing the radical CO2(3-). Carbonates are readily decomposed by acids. The carbonates of the alkali metals are water-soluble; all others are insoluble. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Water Pollutants, Radioactive: Pollutants, present in water or bodies of water, which exhibit radioactivity.Vibrio vulnificus: A species of halophilic bacteria in the genus VIBRIO, which lives in warm SEAWATER. It can cause infections in those who eat raw contaminated seafood or have open wounds exposed to seawater.Porifera: The phylum of sponges which are sessile, suspension-feeding, multicellular animals that utilize flagellated cells called choanocytes to circulate water. Most are hermaphroditic. They are probably an early evolutionary side branch that gave rise to no other group of animals. Except for about 150 freshwater species, sponges are marine animals. They are a source of ALKALOIDS; STEROLS; and other complex molecules useful in medicine and biological research.Cluster Analysis: A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.Flounder: Common name for two families of FLATFISHES belonging to the order Pleuronectiformes: left-eye flounders (Bothidae) and right-eye flounders (Pleuronectidae). The latter is more commonly used in research.Quinones: Hydrocarbon rings which contain two ketone moieties in any position. They can be substituted in any position except at the ketone groups.Sewage: Refuse liquid or waste matter carried off by sewers.Tenacibaculum: A genus of gram-negative, rod-shaped bacteria in the family FLAVOBACTERIACEAE. Tenacibaculum adheres to surfaces of marine organisms and is pathogenic to fish.SvalbardBacteroidetes: A phylum of bacteria comprised of three classes: Bacteroides, Flavobacteria, and Sphingobacteria.Pseudoalteromonas: A genus of GRAM-NEGATIVE AEROBIC BACTERIA of marine origin. Many species were formerly classified under ALTEROMONAS.Filtration: A process of separating particulate matter from a fluid, such as air or a liquid, by passing the fluid carrier through a medium that will not pass the particulates. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Mollusca: A phylum of the kingdom Metazoa. Mollusca have soft, unsegmented bodies with an anterior head, a dorsal visceral mass, and a ventral foot. Most are encased in a protective calcareous shell. It includes the classes GASTROPODA; BIVALVIA; CEPHALOPODA; Aplacophora; Scaphopoda; Polyplacophora; and Monoplacophora.Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Mytilus: A genus of marine mussels in the family MYTILIDAE, class BIVALVIA. The species MYTILUS EDULIS is the highly edible common mussel.Phytoplankton: Free-floating minute organisms that are photosynthetic. The term is non-taxonomic and refers to a lifestyle (energy utilization and motility), rather than a particular type of organism. Most, but not all, are unicellular algae. Important groups include DIATOMS; DINOFLAGELLATES; CYANOBACTERIA; CHLOROPHYTA; HAPTOPHYTA; CRYPTOMONADS; and silicoflagellates.Sulfonium Compounds: Sulfur compounds in which the sulfur atom is attached to three organic radicals and an electronegative element or radical.Vitamin K 2: A group of substances similar to VITAMIN K 1 which contains a ring of 2-methyl-1,4-naphthoquinione and an isoprenoid side chain of varying number of isoprene units. In vitamin K 2, each isoprene unit contains a double bond. They are produced by bacteria including the normal intestinal flora.Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Geological Phenomena: The inanimate matter of Earth, the structures and properties of this matter, and the processes that affect it.Larva: Wormlike or grublike stage, following the egg in the life cycle of insects, worms, and other metamorphosing animals.Colony Count, Microbial: Enumeration by direct count of viable, isolated bacterial, archaeal, or fungal CELLS or SPORES capable of growth on solid CULTURE MEDIA. The method is used routinely by environmental microbiologists for quantifying organisms in AIR; FOOD; and WATER; by clinicians for measuring patients' microbial load; and in antimicrobial drug testing.Arctic Regions: The Arctic Ocean and the lands in it and adjacent to it. It includes Point Barrow, Alaska, most of the Franklin District in Canada, two thirds of Greenland, Svalbard, Franz Josef Land, Lapland, Novaya Zemlya, and Northern Siberia. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p66)Salmon: Fish of the genera ONCORHYNCHUS and Salmo in the family SALMONIDAE. They are anadromous game fish, frequenting the coastal waters of both the North Atlantic and Pacific. They are known for their gameness as a sport fish and for the quality of their flesh as a table fish. (Webster, 3d ed).Aquatic Organisms: Organisms that live in water.Bryozoa: A phylum of small sessile aquatic animals living as small tufted colonies. Some appear like hydroids or corals, but their internal structure is more advanced. Most bryozoans are matlike, forming thin encrustations on rocks, shells, or kelp. (Storer & Stebbins, General Zoology, 6th ed, p443)Calcification, Physiologic: Process by which organic tissue becomes hardened by the physiologic deposit of calcium salts.Killifishes: Small oviparous fishes in the family Cyprinodontidae, usually striped or barred black. They are much used in mosquito control.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Environmental Monitoring: The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.Sodium-Potassium-Exchanging ATPase: An enzyme that catalyzes the active transport system of sodium and potassium ions across the cell wall. Sodium and potassium ions are closely coupled with membrane ATPase which undergoes phosphorylation and dephosphorylation, thereby providing energy for transport of these ions against concentration gradients.Flatfishes: Common name for the order Pleuronectiformes. A very distinctive group in that during development they become asymmetrical, i.e., one eye migrates to lie adjacent to the other. They swim on the eyeless side. FLOUNDER, sole, and turbot, along with several others, are included in this order.Amphipoda: An order of mostly marine CRUSTACEA containing more than 5500 species in over 100 families. Like ISOPODA, the other large order in the superorder Peracarida, members are shrimp-like in appearance, have sessile compound eyes, and no carapace. But unlike Isopoda, they possess thoracic gills and their bodies are laterally compressed.Cytophaga: A genus of gram-negative gliding bacteria found in SOIL; HUMUS; and FRESHWATER and marine habitats.Salt-Tolerance: The ability of organisms to sense and adapt to high concentrations of salt in their growth environment.Program Development: The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Software: Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.Culture Media: Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.RNA, Bacterial: Ribonucleic acid in bacteria having regulatory and catalytic roles as well as involvement in protein synthesis.HapMap Project: A coordinated international effort to identify and catalog patterns of linked variations (HAPLOTYPES) found in the human genome across the entire human population.Locomotion: Movement or the ability to move from one place or another. It can refer to humans, vertebrate or invertebrate animals, and microorganisms.Sea Urchins: Somewhat flattened, globular echinoderms, having thin, brittle shells of calcareous plates. They are useful models for studying FERTILIZATION and EMBRYO DEVELOPMENT.Water Pollutants: Substances or organisms which pollute the water or bodies of water. Use for water pollutants in general or those for which there is no specific heading.Protozoan Infections, Animal: Infections with unicellular organisms formerly members of the subkingdom Protozoa. The infections may be experimental or veterinary.Atlantic OceanOceanography: The science that deals with the ocean and its phenomena. (Webster, 3d ed)Trout: Various fish of the family SALMONIDAE, usually smaller than salmon. They are mostly restricted to cool clear freshwater. Some are anadromous. They are highly regarded for their handsome colors, rich well-flavored flesh, and gameness as an angling fish. The genera Salvelinus, Salmo, and ONCORHYNCHUS have been introduced virtually throughout the world.Biodiversity: The variety of all native living organisms and their various forms and interrelationships.Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Water Movements: The flow of water in enviromental bodies of water such as rivers, oceans, water supplies, aquariums, etc. It includes currents, tides, and waves.Polychaeta: A class of marine annelids including sandworms, tube worms, clamworms, and fire worms. It includes also the genus Myxicola infundibulum.Adaptation, Physiological: The non-genetic biological changes of an organism in response to challenges in its ENVIRONMENT.Republic of Korea: The capital is Seoul. The country, established September 9, 1948, is located on the southern part of the Korean Peninsula. Its northern border is shared with the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.Chlorides: Inorganic compounds derived from hydrochloric acid that contain the Cl- ion.Hydrothermal Vents: Hot springs on the ocean floor. They are commonly found near volcanically active places such as mid-oceanic ridges.Hepatopancreas: A primitive form of digestive gland found in marine ARTHROPODS, that contains cells similar to those found in the mammalian liver (HEPATOCYTES), and the PANCREAS.Indian Ocean: A body of water covering approximately one-fifth of the total ocean area of the earth, extending amidst Africa in the west, Australia in the east, Asia in the north, and Antarctica in the south. Including the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf, it constitutes the third largest ocean after the ATLANTIC OCEAN and the PACIFIC OCEAN. (New Encyclopaedia Britannica Micropaedia, 15th ed, 1990, p289)JapanAnimal Shells: The hard rigid covering of animals including MOLLUSCS; TURTLES; INSECTS; and crustaceans.Rhodophyta: Plants of the division Rhodophyta, commonly known as red algae, in which the red pigment (PHYCOERYTHRIN) predominates. However, if this pigment is destroyed, the algae can appear purple, brown, green, or yellow. Two important substances found in the cell walls of red algae are AGAR and CARRAGEENAN. Some rhodophyta are notable SEAWEED (macroalgae).Spectrophotometry, Atomic: Spectrophotometric techniques by which the absorption or emmision spectra of radiation from atoms are produced and analyzed.Serratia: A genus of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that occurs in the natural environment (soil, water, and plant surfaces) or as an opportunistic human pathogen.Arbacia: A genus of SEA URCHINS in the family Arbaciidae. They have only one spheridium (stalked body) per ambulacral area (contains tube feet); most sea urchins have several spheridia per area.Alteromonas: A genus of gram-negative, straight or curved rods which are motile by means of a single, polar flagellum. Members of this genus are found in coastal waters and the open ocean. (From Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 9th ed)HydrocarbonsAtmosphere: The gaseous envelope surrounding a planet or similar body. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Diatoms: The common name for the phylum of microscopic unicellular STRAMENOPILES. Most are aquatic, being found in fresh, brackish, and salt water. Diatoms are noted for the symmetry and sculpturing of their siliceous cell walls. They account for 40% of PHYTOPLANKTON, but not all diatoms are planktonic.Carbon Dioxide: A colorless, odorless gas that can be formed by the body and is necessary for the respiration cycle of plants and animals.
Claude "Bud" Lewis Carlsbad Desalination Plant
"Seawater Desalination" (PDF). The Carlsbad Desalination Project. San Diego County Water Authority. March 2015. Retrieved 21 May ... most technologically advanced and energy-efficient seawater desalination plant." The entire desalination project cost about $1 ... Carlsbad Project-Company Website Poseidon Water -- Carlsbad Project-company website. ... The total project cost was expected to reach near $1 billion; initial cost estimates were a quarter-billion in 2004, to six ...
Stennis Space Center Salinity Drifter Project. NTRS. Retrieved 2011-06-16. Mantyla, A.W. 1987. Standard Seawater Comparisons ... A bottled seawater product known as IAPSO Standard Seawater is used by oceanographers to standardize their measurements with ... In 2010 a new standard for the properties of seawater called the thermodynamic equation of seawater 2010 (TEOS-10) was ... "Stennis Space Center Salinity Drifter Project. A Collaborative Project with Hancock High School, Kiln, MS". ...
... article by Roman Cieslinski on the flow of sea water into the lake published by Acta Geophysica Polonica. The Project Gutenberg ... As it is currently not deep enough to qualify as a lake hydrologically and receives some periodic inflow of sea water from the ... There is only a 0.1 metres (3.9 in) difference in altitude between the lake and Elbląska Bay, which projects from Vistula ... true that in 1237 the entire right bank of the lower Vistula was occupied by Old Prussians and that Truso was in or projected ...
The Hadera seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) desalination plant in Israel is the largest of its kind in the world. The project ... Seawater Greenhouse Pilot Project - Canary Islands (1994). YouTube. Retrieved May 14, 2012. "Visit Mossel Bay - Proud Mossel ... Seawater Greenhouse Australia construction time lapse (2010). YouTube. Retrieved May 14, 2012. Seawater Greenhouse Australia on ... underwriting the project. Tampa Bay Water then contracted with Covanta Tampa Construction, which produced a project that failed ...
Solar power in Yemen
A desalination project has been proposed to provide fresh water to Sana'a. A concentrated solar power plant would produce ... The working fluid would be sea water. With the start of the civil war, solar panels found their way into the country fast. On ... Photovoltaics Solar power in Africa Yemen USAID launches solar energy project in Aden Yemeni Girls Turn to Solar Energy To Keep ...
In October 2010, Veolia Water was contracted to rebuild a waste water treatment plant in Lille (France) in a project that will ... "Seawater desalination". Veolia Water. Retrieved 2013-09-15. "Recycling wastewater". Veolia Water. Retrieved 2013-09-15. " ... Texas Angleton, TX Failure to maintain adequate staffing levels, submit capital project reports, and charging expenses properly ... "Veolia Water awarded contract for Petrobras P63 project (Scandinavian Oil-Gas Magazine)". Scandoil.com. Retrieved 2013-09-15. " ...
... drink seawater, so they have to excrete excess salt. All birds have an enlarged nasal gland at the base of ... The latter can disable even large predatory birds with their obnoxious stomach oil, which they can project some distance. This ... Brands, Sheila (August 14, 2008). "Systema Naturae 2000 / Classification - Parker (1982)". Project: The Taxonomicon. Archived ...
"Official website for DOE Project Extraction of Uranium from Seawater". Web.ornl.gov. 2012-06-08. Retrieved 2013-07-26. "Oak ... The uranium concentration of sea water is low, approximately 3.3 parts per billion or 3.3 micrograms per liter of seawater. But ... The Manhattan Project initially purchased uranium ore from the Belgian Congo, through the Union Minière du Haut Katanga. Later ... Because of the need for the uranium for bomb research during World War II, the Manhattan Project used a variety of sources for ...
Hence making the sea water to move through in and out of the breakers without causing any damage to the island. To prevent ... Robert Berger (Project manager : 2000-2004) Mounir Hevar (Chief of planning) Scott Hutchinson (Apartment Construction engineer ... Weak soil due to constant exposure to rising sea water. Water pollution. Erosion (caused by winds and water currents) is one of ... This significantly slowed down the project. Another important constraint was that the time estimated for ...
The first project of the company was San Alfonso del Mar, Chile. It quickly became a world-class destination and a sales ... sustainable sea water purification systems for desalination processes; and mining (infiltration of underground aquifers to ... With over 600 projects in 60 countries, Crystal Lagoons has signed partnership deals with real estate companies such as LeFrak ... The 98-acre lagoon at the Mohammed Bin Rashid Al Maktoum City District One project - located in Dubai - will be the first of ...
Monterey County Water Recycling Projects, a combination of the Castroville Seawater Intrusion Project and the Salinas Valley ... The projects reduce pumping of groundwater and slow down seawater intrusion. The Salinas Valley's weather varies from north to ... Increasing demand for water near the mouth of the valley is pulling seawater under the coastal area. The Salinas Valley Water ... Project, now under construction by the Monterey County Water Resources Agency, will use an inflatable dam near Salinas to ...
Sting Ray (torpedo)
Swapping the project for buying a ready-made US torpedo was not considered because the torpedo was expected to be better, and ... Power is supplied by a magnesium/silver-chloride sea water battery. The propulsion method combines high speed, deep diving, ... The project manager was Eric Risness CBE. The torpedo was built at the MSDS (later MUSL) plants at Neston (in Cheshire) and ... Magnesium/silver chloride seawater battery (Pump-jet) Guidance : Active/Passive sonar Sting Ray has a diameter of 324 mm (12 3⁄ ...
"Water Desalination projects for a thirsty continent" (August-September 2010). The Africa Report. No. 24. pp. 86-8. Retrieved on ... "The U.S. Trade and Development Agency will donate Morocco $250,000 to finance a technical-economic study to build a sea water ... "US Agency Finances Study on Sea Water Desalination" (Feb. 9, 2001). Middle East News Online. Accessed through ProQuest on April ...
Hatch Mott MacDonald
"Hatch Mott MacDonald named engineer for Tampa Bay seawater desalination project". Water World. Retrieved 2013-11-22. Wallis, ... The Sea-to-Sky Highway Improvement Project is one of HMM's most high-profile projects in the area of highways and bridges. The ... "Calgary's West LRT Project". ACEC AFIC. Retrieved 2013-11-22. Rush, Jim. "2013 Project of the Year - New Install Winner". ... Among HMM's large oil and gas pipeline projects is Spectra Energy's Time III/Temax project, which carries supplies from Rocky ...
Smith Island, Virginia
A prototype rotor ship was tested on Discovery Project Earth; The rotors were made of carbon fibre and were attached to a ... The ships would spray seawater into the air to enhance cloud reflectivity. ... As the Flettner system could not compete economically Flettner turned his attention to other projects, such as his rotor ...
Mediterranean-Dead Sea Canal
Dead Sea Power Project Quote: "…Outflow of Med seawater from the turbines would be released in such a way as to accomplish ... It is not to be confused with the Red Sea-Dead Sea Water Conveyance. The project could correct the drop in the level of the ... At present, the Red Sea-Dead Sea Water Conveyance is a joint Jordanian, Israeli and Palestinian project. It is currently under ... Information from Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs American University project information Dead Sea Project The Jerusalem Post ...
Sri Damodaram Sanjeevaiah Thermal Power Station
The estimated complete cost of project is about Rs 8432/- Crores. The Debt & Equity ratio is 80:20 and Project is being ... Sea water is proposed for cooling purpose and potable water by desalination. Krishnapatnam port (about 5 km from site) will ... www.apfinance.gov.in/html/finance-pmu-16-07-12/ongoing-KfW-projects/KRISHNAPATNAM-THERMAL-POWER-STATION-PROJECT.pdf. ... The project is under construction and likely to be completed by the end of 2014. The Power station is designed for blended coal ...
Sihwa Lake Tidal Power Station
The project cost US$560 million was borne by the South Korean Government. After the seawall was built in 1994, pollution built ... In 2004, seawater was reintroduced in the hope of flushing out contamination; inflows from the tidal barrage were envisaged as ... Hunt for African Projects Newsworld Korea, 2009,[dead link] Rostkowski P1, Yamashita N, So IM, Taniyasu S, Lam PK, Falandysz J ... Ansan City's Bandalseom Project at Lake Sihwa taking shape The Korea International Broadcasting Foundation https://www. ...
Disi Water Conveyance
The entire project would require approximately 4 percent of Jordan's current electrical production. The project is expected to ... Red Sea-Dead Sea Water Conveyance Upson, Sandra (August 2009). "Jordan's radioactive water problem". Institute of Electrical ... 1bn Jordan water project set to start". TradeArabia. 8 July 2009. Retrieved March 18, 2011. "Disi project construction work ... Disi aquifer Amman The Disi Water Conveyance Project is a water supply project in Jordan. It is designed to pump 100,000,000 ...
Siah Bishe Pumped Storage Power Plant
"Siah Bishe Pumped Storage Project Upper & Lower Dams" (PDF). Project Summary. Kayson. Retrieved 17 February 2012. "Siah Bishe ... Macro-engineering seawater in unique environments : arid lowlands and water bodies rehabilitation (1. ed.). Berlin: Springer. p ... The project was 90 percent complete as of April 2012. Both the upper and lower reservoir were complete and had finished ... In 1975, a feasibility report on the Siah Bisheh project was submitted to the Ministry of Energy. The Albors Mountains study ...
The aquarium takes part in a conservation project for Limonium barceloi, a species which is autochthonous to the southern ... of sea water. There are approximately 8,000 marine specimens in approximately 700 species. The aquarium is open every day of ... Palma Aquarium sometimes takes part in rescue and rehabilitation projects for marine animals. The research objectives are set ...
Sanatório Marítimo do Norte
... was projected by the architect Francisco de Oliveira Ferreira, who also projected the Heliântia ... It was built on the seashore, because sea water is rich in iodine. This sanatorium, founded by Joaquim Gomes Ferreira Alves ... Recently, there was created a project of rehabilitation of Sanatório Marítimo do Norte. ...
Water supply and sanitation in Israel
... on the desalination of seawater, wastewater treatment, projects for the municipal sector and projects abroad. Another ... Large scale projects to desalinate seawater, direct water from rivers and reservoirs in the north, make optimal use of ... Most large-scale seawater desalination plants are being privately financed as BOT projects. The Hadera plant, for example, is ... water-technology.net:"Ashkelon Desalination Plant Seawater Reverse Osmosis (SWRO) Plant, Israel" "Sea Water Desalination ...
Greater Chennai Corporation
Moreover, newer projects like the Telugu Ganga project that bring water from water-surplus rivers like the Krishna River in ... The city is constructing sea water desalination plants to further increase the water supply. The city's water supply and sewage ... An earlier Veeranam Lake project failed to solve the city's water problems, but the New Veeranam project, which became ... However, Chennai is predicted to face a huge deficit of 713 million litres per day (MLD) in 2026 as the demand is projected at ...
Natural Energy Laboratory of Hawaii Authority
Large pipelines pump cold sea water from a depth of 3,000 feet (910 m). For three months in 1979, a small amount of electricity ... At 870 acres (350 ha), HOST Park is perhaps the largest single green economic development project in the world solely devoted ... A neutrino detector was partially constructed in the 1990s called Project DUMAND. In 2002, 50 acres (20 ha) were leased to a ...
This project utilises the biodiesel to fuel a CHP unit in the fish processing plant, mainly to power the fish freezing plant.[ ... "Irrigating Crops with Seawater" (PDF). Scientific American. USA: Scientific American, Inc. (August 1998): 76-81  ... An EU-funded project (ENERFISH) suggests that at a Vietnamese plant to produce biodiesel from catfish (basa, also known as ... describes laboratory research and field trials project using pure biodiesel and biodiesel blends as a heating fuel in oil-fired ...
Lithium, den frie encyklopædi
Extraction of metals from sea water. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. 1984.. *^ Atkins, Peter (2010). Shriver & Atkins' Inorganic ... Berkeley National Laboratory, The Isotopes Project. Hentet 21. april 2008.. *^ File:Binding energy curve - common isotopes.svg ... Martin, Richard (2015-06-08). "Quest to Mine Seawater for Lithium Advances". MIT Technology Review. Hentet 2016-02-10.. ... Stephen Peters, chef for USGS's Afghanistan Minerals Project, udtalte, at han ikke var opmærksom på USGS-involvering i nogle ...
University of Miami
High-voltage direct current
This project was put into operation on December 19, 2013.. In India, the multiterminal North-East Agra project is planned ... Underwater earth-return electrodes in seawater may produce chlorine or otherwise affect water chemistry. ... China Southern Power Grid started a three terminals VSC HVDC pilot project in 2011. The project has designed ratings of ±160 kV ... Elbe-Project), but owing to the collapse of the German government in 1945 the project was never completed. The nominal ...
"WA wave energy project turned on to power naval base at Garden Island". ABC News Online. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. ... The first phase of this project is for ten PB150 PowerBuoys, or 1.5 megawatts. The Reedsport wave farm was scheduled ... This project has been supported by ARENA through the Emerging Renewables Program. The greenWAVE device is a bottom standing ... "Edinburgh Wave Energy Project" (PDF). University of Edinburgh. Retrieved 2008-10-22.. ...
Cretaceous-Paleogene extinction event
2016 Chicxulub crater drilling project. Main article: Chicxulub crater. In 2016, a scientific drilling project obtained ... A megatsunami is a massive movement of sea waters, which can reach inland tens or hundreds of kilometers. ... A 2016 drilling project into the Chicxulub peak ring, confirmed that the peak ring comprised granite ejected within minutes ...
Hamelin Pool Marine Nature Reserve
Design of experiments
Talk:List of nuclides
If you wish to help, please visit the project page, where you can join the project and/or contribute to the discussion.. ... Pointing out that every nuclide you can think of is in your body and in seawater and so on, tells you very little. You are now ... This article has been rated as List-Class on the project's quality scale.. ... This article has been rated as Low-importance on the project's importance scale.. ...
... the Bokan Mountain project in Alaska, the remote Hoidas Lake project in northern Canada, and the Mount Weld project in ... The deposits, studied at 78 sites, came from "[h]ot plumes from hydrothermal vents pull[ing] these materials out of seawater ... "Maiden Resource, Ngualla Rare Earth Project" (PDF). ASX Release. Peak Resources. February 29, 2012.. ... During the 1940s, Frank Spedding and others in the United States (during the Manhattan Project) developed the chemical ion- ...
Lyman, J.; Fleming, R.H. (1940). "Composition of Seawater". Journal of Marine Research. 3: 134-46.. ... "Paleomap Project. Retrieved 18 June 2010.. *^ Zhao 2002, 2004 *^ a b Valencia, O'Connell & Sasselov 2007. ... "Drop of ancient seawater rewrites Earth's history: Research reveals that plate tectonics started on Earth 600 million years ...
... : Deadly Dispersant in Oil Spill Cleanup - Government Accountability Project Why Is the Toxic Dispersant Used After BP's ... per volume of seawater. Ecotoxicological studies had been undertaken by the Institute of Marine Science at the University of ... This decision was called into question in 2013 following a report by the Government Accountability Project alleging " ...
A spa is a location where mineral-rich spring water (and sometimes seawater) is used to give medicinal baths. Spa towns or spa ... of the History of Science and Medicine, Project Muse, H. Schuman, 1954 ... Mineral springs spa, a spa offering an on-site source of natural mineral, thermal or seawater used in hydrotherapy treatments. ...
The project was eventually launched with a donation from a Danish businessman, Augustin Gamél; the rest came mainly from small ... The Nansen bottle was used to sample seawater temperature at specific depths ... In 1887, after the submission of his doctoral thesis, he finally began organising this project. Before then, the two most ...
Brazilian Microbiome Project *^ magazine, Ewen. "Microbial DNA in Human Body Can Be Used to Identify Individuals". Retrieved ... total global environmental DNA sequencing effort had produced less than 1 percent of the total DNA found in a liter of seawater ... "NIH Human Microbiome Project defines normal bacterial makeup of the body". NIH News. 13 June 2012.. ... "NIH Human Microbiome Project". US National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, US Government. 2016. ...
Rising sea waters have exacerbated the problem. Some researchers estimate that the state is losing a land mass equivalent to 30 ... have speculated that emerging elites were symbolically and physically appropriating dead ancestors to emphasize and project ... Canals dug for the oil and gas industry also allow storms to move sea water inland, where it damages swamps and marshes. ...
Anguilla japonica (Japanese Eel)
In Japan in 2009, the Eel River Project was set up by the East Asia Eel Resource Consortium (EASEC) designed to sample and ... Facultative catadromy of the eel Anguilla japonica between freshwater and seawater habitats. Marine Ecology Progress Series 220 ... In 2009 however, the Eel River Project was set up by the East Asia Eel Resource Consortium (EASEC) and was designed to sample ... Increased monitoring of the brackish and sea water residents and also of individuals migrating to open ocean for spawning is ...
Corpus Christi gets $2.7 million for future seawater desalination project
Corpus Christi was one of the first cities where seawater desalination feasibility studies were conducted by the water ... 2.7 million for future seawater desalination project. Corpus Christi was one of the first cities where seawater desalination ... 2.7 million for future seawater desalination project Corpus Christi was one of the first cities where seawater desalination ... It is believed to be the first time such money has been freed up by the state for a seawater desalination project. ...
The Genesis II project integrated sea water farm : commercial agriculture and aquaculture
Common Seawater Supply Project (CSSP)
Tag Archives , Common Seawater Supply Project (CSSP). Exxon Out of Desalination Project. By Editor on 21st June 2018 in Iraq ... Tags: Common Seawater Supply Facility (CSSF), Common Seawater Supply Project (CSSP), CSSF, Exxon, featured, Iraq, Iraq Oil ... Tags: Common Seawater Supply Facility (CSSF), Common Seawater Supply Project (CSSP), Exxon, Exxon Mobil, ExxonMobil, featured, ... The project would take in around 5 million barrels […]. Tags: Common Seawater Supply Facility (CSSF), Common Seawater Supply ...
Energy News Recap: 2.4 GW Seawater Pumped Hydro Project; China Ups Wind Power Target to 1000 GW | TreeHugger
Energy News Recap: 2.4 GW Seawater Pumped Hydro Project; China Ups Wind Power Target to 1000 GW. ... Worlds First Pumped Hydro Project Using Seawater is a Doozy. Green Prophet (found by a TreeHugger alum, full disclosure) has ... An innovative pumped hydro project using seawater, a first, and 2.4 GW (big!) is proposed; China ups its wind power ambitions ... Energy News Recap: 2.4 GW Seawater Pumped Hydro Project; China Ups Wind Power Target to 1000 GW ...
Jordan to commence $980m Red Sea water desalination project
... and adopted a new scheme for Red Sea water desalination. The new project is said to achieve two main goals of Jordan, which ... For the project, the government will secure grants of $300m-$400m. Under the plan, Jordan will draw water from the Gulf of ... Jordan is all set to commence a $980m project to desalinate water from the Red Sea, following an approval by the Cabinet of a ... In July 2012, the Ministry of Water and Irrigation had proposed a plan to implement the Jordan Red Sea Development Project ( ...
Circular Processing of Seawater Brines from Saltworks for Recovery of Valuable Raw Materials | SEArcularMINE Project | H2020 |...
Project description. DE. EN. ES. FR. IT. PL. Innovative recovery of minerals from seawater brines. The ancient process of ... the project will improve knowledge of the processes needed to recover minerals from brines and seawater. ... Show the project objective. Field of science. */engineering and technology/environmental engineering/energy and fuels/renewable ... Circular Processing of Seawater Brines from Saltworks for Recovery of Valuable Raw Materials. ...
New water recycling projects will help battle Central Coast's seawater invasion - Water Education Foundation
PWM/ PDAM - Nusa Ceningan Seawater Desalination Plant - Indonesia - Project Profile
Project Profile PWM/ PDAM - Nusa Ceningan Seawater Desalination Plant - Indonesia - Project - Market research report and ... Project Profile. Synopsis. "PWM/ PDAM - Nusa Ceningan Seawater Desalination Plant - Indonesia - Project Profile" contains ... tendering and key project contacts.. The "PWM/ PDAM - Nusa Ceningan Seawater Desalination Plant - Indonesia - Project Profile" ... are jointly planning to undertake the seawater desalination plant project in Bali, Indonesia.. The project involves the ...
Arabian Return Chapter XVI: Oran Assigned to Sea Water Project
Beginning in the next month, he would be training a class of Arabs on the Sea Water Project in Abqaiq, so would not have to ... Keith, who worked on the Sea Water Project too, talked to Oran about his new job in connection with that coming the next month ... Arabian Return Chapter XVI: Oran Assigned to Sea Water Project. By Colleen Wilson / / 13 June 2017 ...
Economics of seawater desalination with innovative nuclear reactors and other energy sources: the EURODESAL project on...
... the EURODESAL project. This paper summarises our recent investigations undertaken as part of the EURODESAL project on nuclear ... Article Economics of seawater desalination with innovative nuclear reactors and other energy sources: ... TUAS II Sea Water Desalination Project, Singapore - Case Study. Jan. 5, 2018. Largest Seawater treatment on Asia Pacific Area ... Economics of seawater desalination with innovative nuclear reactors and other energy sources: the EURODESAL project. 0 ...
Science Project Efficient methods of breaking down crude oil in seawater
Details of this project:. More details or support for this project is available for the members of ScienceProject.com web site ... Project description:. In this project you research mechanical methods of cleanup and chemical methods of treating what is left ... Every year a variety of accidents to oil tanker ships and other oil related facilities in the sea contaminates seawater with ...
Israel, Jordan, Palestinians agree on Dead Sea water pipeline project | News | DW | 09.12.2013
Israel, Jordan, Palestinians agree on Dead Sea water pipeline project. Israel, Jordan and the Palestinians have signed a ... The project, which is expected to take three years to complete, comes after 11 years of negotiations and as the United States ... The project envisions a 180-kilometer (111-mile) pipeline that will channel some 200 million cubic feet of water each year to ... The Dead Sea is drying out at an alarming rate but a joint project by Jordan and Israel offers some hope. The plan is to direct ...
Seawater Project in Saudi Arabia - Early Experience of Plant Operation, Water Quality, and Effect on Injection Well Performance...
Introduction Large seawater supply development for water injection involves the application of technology in controlling ... Seawater Project in Saudi Arabia - Early Experience of Plant Operation, Water Quality, and Effect on Injection Well Performance ... for the seawater treatment plant were derived from either pilot studies or observation of other seawater flood projects. Table ... Another major factor that could affect seawater injection performance is reservoir plugging arising from solids in the seawater ...
Germany ready to take part in Turkmenistan's seawater desalination projects
German companies have expressed willingness to take part in the seawater desalination projects, according to Neutral ... Germany ready to take part in Turkmenistans seawater desalination projects. 21 November 2018 10:51 (UTC+04:00) ... German companies have expressed willingness to take part in the seawater desalination projects, according to Neutral ... German companies make a significant contribution to the implementation of long-term projects in Turkmenistan. Among them are ...
Sorek 150 Million m3/year Seawater Desalination Facility Build Operate and Transfer BOT Project | IDE Technologies
Home » White Papers » Sorek 150 Million m3/year Seawater Desalination Facility Build Operate and Transfer BOT Project ... developing and constructing the Sorek Plant, is one of the lowest prices ever offered in a BOT project for seawater ... Sorek 150 Million m3/year Seawater Desalination Facility Build Operate and Transfer BOT Project. This paper presents the ... This paper presents the business structure and some of the many technological features of the Sorek Project, which consists of ...
Contract awarded for UAE pilot project that will use desert plants and seawater to produce jet biofuel on GreenAir Online
The project, which is expected to be operational by late summer, is based on research carried out at the Masdar Institute of ... Science and Technology into using coastal seawater to raise fish and shrimp for food, whose nutrient-rich wastewater ... biofuel and research interests have awarded a contract to construct the worlds first bioenergy pilot project that will use ... desert land and seawater to produce sustainable aviation fuel in the United Arab Emirates. ...
Fiberglass Sea & Water Creatures | Fiberglass Animals for Community Art Projects | Cowpainters
USGS Open-File Report 2010-1280: CO2calc: A User-Friendly Seawater Carbon Calculator for Windows, Mac OS X, and iOS (iPhone)
Florida Shelf Ecosystems Response to Climate Change Project. CO2calc: A User-Friendly Seawater Carbon Calculator for Windows, ... Robbins, L.L., Hansen, M.E., Kleypas, J.A., and Meylan, S.C., 2010, CO2calc-A user-friendly seawater carbon calculator for ... Geological Survey Florida Shelf Ecosystems Response to Climate Change Project in response to its Ocean Acidification Task. The ...
sea water - Thaindian News
Panaji, July 9 (IANS) Mumbais plans to spend hundreds of crores on sea water desalinisation projects and pumping excess ... sea water. SC refuses to stop fuel loading in Kundankulam plant. September 13th, 2012 - 5:01 pm ICT by IANS. New Delhi, Sep 13 ... Sea water off Kukushima has high level of radioactive iodine. March 24th, 2011 - 5:20 pm ICT by IANS. Moscow, March 24 (IANS/ ... Madras HC seeks details of Kudankulam power project. August 21st, 2012 - 7:52 pm ICT by IANS. Chennai, Aug 21 (IANS) The Madras ...
Seawater Concentrator and Quality Modifier
Tuas Seawater Desalination Plant - Water Technology
The project cost was S$200m and project finance came from a S$165m loan facility, together with a S$35m equity investment from ... The arrangement comprised a senior debt facility of up to S$158.5m to fund 80% of the project budget, with an associated ... At 110,000m3/day, the Tuas seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) plant has sufficient capacity to meet around 10% of the national ... In March 2006, Black & Veatch received a project merit award from the Environmental Business Journal for its work on the plant ...
Seawater pipelines - International Solidarity Movement
PhD student project: Decarbonisation of seawater for CO2 capture and high-yield desalination job with Wetsus | 462792
Decarbonisation of seawater for CO2 capture and high-yield desalination in Academia, Full Time, Other with Wetsus. Apply Today. ... PhD student project: Decarbonisation of seawater for CO2 capture and high-yield desalination. Employer Wetsus ... The PhD project will be executed within the Wetsus research theme. Concentrates. The following companies are part of this theme ... Desalination of seawater produces clean water, but requires energy and often emits CO2. At the same time, our oceans contain ...
Experiences with the conventional pretreatment system in the seawater reverse osmosis plant at Kalpakkam on Environmental XPRT
A 1800 m³/day Seawater Reverse Osmosis (SWRO) plant was commissioned in October 2002 at Kalpakkam, India, as part of the ... Article Experiences with the conventional pretreatment system in the seawater reverse osmosis plant at Kalpakkam. ... Horizon Water was proud of involving this project to provide the large batch of couplings for this one of the biggest project ... No comments were found for Experiences with the conventional pretreatment system in the seawater reverse osmosis plant at ...
DORIS-Energy Consumption Calculator for Seawater Reverse Osmosis Systems | The Water Research Foundation
... the developed seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) energy consumption software, is a versatile Java-based tool which establishes a ... Associated Project. DORIS - Energy Consumption Calculator for Seawater Reverse Osmosis Systems. Doris, the developed seawater ... DORIS-Energy Consumption Calculator for Seawater Reverse Osmosis Systems Date Published. Dec 24, 2019 ... DORIS-Energy Consumption Calculator for Seawater Reverse Osmosis Systems: User Manual Executive Summary ...
Sea Water Air Conditioning - Makai Ocean Engineering
2004 Article: Cold Water Air Conditioning Project Merits Warm Reception.. Honolulu Advertiser March 2005 Article: Seawater ... Seawater Cooled Chiller. If a site with high air conditioning costs has no access to cold seawater, near shore seawater can ... Contact Makai to discuss your SWAC Project. Makai has been working on SWAC projects consistently for more than 20 years. Our ... Group 70 Tahiti Mahana Project: SWAC system design for the Tahiti Mahana Beach Resorts.. Cornell Lake Source Cooling Project ...
How Seawater Could Corrode Nuclear Fuel -- Environmental Protection
Japan used seawater to cool nuclear fuel at the stricken Fukushima-Daiichi nuclear plant after the tsunami in March 2011 -- and ... Navrotsky and Burns worked with the following co-authors: postdoctoral researcher Christopher Armstrong and project scientist ... How Seawater Could Corrode Nuclear Fuel. *Jan 27, 2012. Japan used seawater to cool nuclear fuel at the stricken Fukushima- ... Japan used seawater to avoid a much more serious accident at the Fukushima-Daiichi plant, and Navrotsky said, to her knowledge ...
Salton Sea - Water Education Foundation
If he can work the bugs out, Tom Sephtons experimental project will clean up the salty water at the Salton Sea using resources ... "Plans to develop renewable energy as a way to fund restoration and conservation projects at the Salton Sea could be premature ... a step that local officials say may clear the way for more federal government involvement in projects aimed at protecting ...
Minjur Seawater Desalination Plant - Wikipedia
The project also included infrastructure for the collection of seawater, including a 110 kV/22 kV sub-station built by the ... "Minjur Seawater Desalination Plant" (PDF). Energy Recovery Inc. Retrieved 7 January 2012. "Projects of Flowline Systems Pvt. ... The sea water intake pipeline enters the well at the bottom. The HDPE pipeline is 1,600 mm in diameter. It was welded using ... The system is designed to work as a self-priming suction for sea water intake. The plant also has 5 additional intake lines of ...
Seawater Desalination | Veolia Australia and New Zealand
Where does Veolia have seawater desalination projects?. In Australia, Veolia is responsible for the long term operations of the ... Want to learn more about Veolias seawater desalination services?. In Australia:. Please submit an online enquiry to our ... Desalination is the process of separating salt from seawater to produce fresh drinking water. This is done in one of two ways ... With the amount of rainfall expected to continue decreasing, and our population on the rise, seawater desalination, a ...
LarvaeSWROConcentration in seawater2018Solids in the seawaterIncluded seawater desalinationFuel from seawaterSalinityLargest SeawaterCold seawaterUses seawaterDesalination facility2016BiofuelSaudi ArabiaReverseTemperatureTemperaturesPlantFacility2020BrackishScientistSodiumWater PurificationNuclearElectricityPumpWater'sMembraneThermalSWACAnodeViscosityCrystallisationSalinePipeCoastalOperateEnergy intensiveDesalinateImplementationSedimentShortagesCarlsbadTechnologyProduceSepiaSustainableAfricaChina'sGallonsFeasibilityDrinking WaterCompletionRegion's2017EvaporationFreshFlood
- Project Name: SWRO plant in Sohar, Oman Location: Sohar, Oman Commission year: 2017 Capacity/Day: 250,000 m³/d Products: Couplings Horizon provided more than 9000 pieces of stainless steel couplings for Oman's largest reverse osmosis desalination plant in 2016.The sea water reverse osmosis plant, to be constructed in Sohar- Oman, will become the water treatment plant with a production of 250,000 m3/day. (environmental-expert.com)
- At 110,000m 3 /day, the Tuas seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) plant has sufficient capacity to meet around 10% of the national demand - and at a price which challenges the notion that desalination is a high-cost option. (water-technology.net)
- A 1800 m³/day Seawater Reverse Osmosis (SWRO) plant was commissioned in October 2002 at Kalpakkam, India, as part of the Nuclear Desalination Demonstration Project (NDDP). (environmental-expert.com)
- Doris , the developed seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) energy consumption software, is a versatile Java-based tool which establishes a standard framework for energy consumption estimation and leads the user to identify all energy consumption elements within a facility, review guidance provided, and clearly define the basis for assumptions used. (waterrf.org)
- With the process of low-cost, high rejection membrane technique and high efficiency energy recovery device, seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) technique is becoming the most popular and attractive seawater technique for its economy and convenience [ 5 - 7 ]. (hindawi.com)
Concentration in seawater3
- Today's methods are energy intensive and expensive because the magnesium concentration in seawater is so low that significant energy is needed to evaporate off water and precipitate magnesium chloride salt. (energy.gov)
- The marine geochemical utility of /sup 232/Th, whose concentration in seawater is extremely low, warrants the development of these sensitive techniques. (unt.edu)
- This assumption can be made from the range of natural ambient manganese concentration in seawater, toxicity values and the fact that manganese is unlikely to biomagnify in the food chain. (lu.se)
- The 10MW Khafji project is expected to be commissioned by the end of March 2018. (mauritaniatribune.com)
- By 2018, the joint research team will build a 10Wh seawater battery pack at Ulsan Thermal Power Plant. (pacetoday.com.au)
- According to the Ministry of Natural Resources, by the end of 2018 142 seawater desalination projects were completed, with a scale of 1,121,700 tons per day. (window-to-china.eu)
- In addition to seawater desalination, seawater used for cooling by the end of 2018 increased to 13,156 million tons. (window-to-china.eu)
Solids in the seawater2
- Another major factor that could affect seawater injection performance is reservoir plugging arising from solids in the seawater. (onepetro.org)
- The plant treats the seawater by means of several units, including those containing disc filters and ultra filtration membranes, to remove the suspended solids in the seawater. (wikipedia.org)
Included seawater desalination1
Fuel from seawater2
- The present work studies the effect of seawater (3.5% salinity) on the solid-liquid equilibrium of copper sulfate in acid solutions at different temperatures (from 293.15 K to 318.15 K). This temperature range was chosen because is within the range in which the crystallization process operates. (scielo.br)
- In 2012, John Lienhard, the Abdul Latif Jameel Professor of Water and Mechanical Engineering, and then-graduate student Kishor Nayar SM '14, PhD '19 embarked on a research project to understand how the surface tension of seawater changes with temperature and salinity. (mit.edu)
- According to the IAPWS, Lienhard and Nayar's research "presents a correlation for the surface tension of seawater as a function of temperature and salinity. (mit.edu)
- Research by John Lienhard and Kishor Nayar to understand how the surface tension of seawater changes with temperature and salinity has become an international standard. (mit.edu)
- The team measured surface tension in seawater ranging from room temperature to 90 degrees Celsius and salinity levels ranging from pure water to four times the salinity of ocean water. (mit.edu)
- In addition, it can also be concluded that sewage is mixing with coastal seawater at salinity at and above 34.6. (lu.se)
- TDS = 38,500mg/L Use: Drinking Water and Irrigation Year of Operation: 2008 Products: Memline Duplex Stainless Steel Couplings Services: RO Piping Connection Material: Duplex SS Gasket: EPDM with NSF certificate Size:1.5" Pressure: 1200psi In 2008 Europe's largest seawater desalination plant was completed in Valelentisco, located in the south of Spain between Mazarrón. (environmental-expert.com)
- CARLSBAD - The largest seawater desalination project in the Western Hemisphere is 65 percent complete and on schedule for delivering drought-proof water supplies to the San Diego County Water Authority next fall. (sandiegometro.com)
- SeaWater Air Conditioning (SWAC) takes advantage of available deep cold seawater to replace energy-intensive central refrigeration systems that cool chilled water to provide air conditioning in one or more buildings. (curacaochronicle.com)
- A SWAC system consists of a cold seawater supply pipe (intake), a pumping unit and heat exchanger (at the shoreline), and a closed loop with fresh water distribution to cover cooling needs of each building connected through a secondary heat exchanger. (slideshare.net)
- The overall process could be significantly less expensive and more efficient than any conventional magnesium extraction method available today and uses seawater as an abundant, free resource. (energy.gov)
- Two California seaports are testing a technology that uses seawater to scrub emissions from the exhaust of ships, an innovation researchers say could reduce a vessel's sulfur emissions by 99.9 percent and particulate matter by as much as 85 percent. (cleantechies.com)
- The project involves the construction of a water desalination facility on a 0.2ha of land. (marketresearch.com)
- The project involves the construction of a seawater desalination facility on a 0.2ha of land in Nusa Ceningan, an island of the south-east coast of Bali in Indonesia. (marketresearch.com)
- This paper presents the business structure and some of the many technological features of the Sorek Project, which consists of the financing, design, construction, operation and transfer of a seawater desalination facility with a guaranteed production capability of 150 Mm 3 /year for a term of circa 25 years. (ide-tech.com)
- SANTA ANA, CA - On July 21, 2010, the Orange County League of Cities, which provides education, information and advocacy services for the 32 Orange County cities it represents, voted without dissent to support the Poseidon Resources Huntington Beach Seawater Desalination Facility. (hbfreshwater.com)
- As of 2016, 167 investment projects and contracts with German capital worth $540 million and about 555 million euros were registered in Turkmenistan. (azernews.az)
- A new report predicts that global investment in water desalination projects will triple over a five-year period from 2011 to 2016 , driven by improvements in technology and a surge in companies entering the sector. (cleantechies.com)
- The Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) projected that global ethanol production will increase from about 120 billion L in 2016 to nearly 137 billion L by 2026 4 . (nature.com)
- Wed 21 Jan 2015 - A consortium of aviation, biofuel and research interests have awarded a contract to construct the world's first bioenergy pilot project that will use desert land and seawater to produce sustainable aviation fuel in the United Arab Emirates. (greenaironline.com)
- The project, which is expected to be operational by late summer, is based on research carried out at the Masdar Institute of Science and Technology into using coastal seawater to raise fish and shrimp for food, whose nutrient-rich wastewater then fertilises oil-rich halophyte plants that can be harvested for aviation biofuel production. (greenaironline.com)
- UOP LLC, a Honeywell company, the Masdar Institute of Science and Technology in Abu Dhabi, Boeing and Etihad Airways are establishing a research institute in Abu Dhabi-the Sustainable Bioenergy Research Project (SBRP)-that will use integrated saltwater agricultural systems (ISAS) to support the development and commercialization of biofuel sources for aviation and co-products. (greencarcongress.com)
- Recent activities in Saudi Arabia to convert a large onshore subsurface saline water flood to treated seawater supply illustrates the magnitude of these problems and successful solutions achieved. (onepetro.org)
- This project in Saudi Arabia lays the groundwork for us to enter the Middle East market. (mauritaniatribune.com)
- This is done in one of two ways - thermal desalination (heating the seawater and condensing the vapour to produce fresh water) or reverse osmosis (pushing seawater through a membrane to separate salt and impurities from the fresh water). (veolia.com)
- Disc filters and ultra-filtration membranes that remove sediment and finer sand particles from the raw seawater were imported from Israel, while additional reverse osmosis membranes were imported from Japan. (wikipedia.org)
- Then the water is sent to the final stage of the treatment process through reverse osmosis membranes before distribution, which reduces the total dissolved solids in seawater from about 40,000 parts per million (ppm) to 300 ppm, thus making it potable. (wikipedia.org)
- Minjur Seawater Desalination Plant Reverse osmosis plant Water management in Chennai Chennai portal Water portal Lakshmi, K. (11 October 2012). (wikipedia.org)
- Along with the thermal process, reverse osmosis - a process that is based on membrane technology - is becoming increasingly popular for the industrial desalination of seawater. (duechting.com)
- High-pressure pumps are feeding the membranes with seawater form the heart of reverse osmosis plants. (duechting.com)
- Professor Tsuru and his team have designed a new kind of ultra-thin layered membrane that acts as a sieve and separates salt from seawater to produce fresh water, a technique known as reverse osmosis. (nanowerk.com)
- The purpose of this project is to develop ROBUST reverse osmosis (RO)/nanofiltration (NF) membranes that can be used in water containing chloride at a wide range of pH and/or at high temperatures. (nanowerk.com)
- Technology mainly adopts reverse osmosis and multi-stage flash seawater desalination. (window-to-china.eu)
- B&P Water Technologies designs and manufactures skid-mounted and International Standards Organisation (ISO) containerised freshwater makers based on seawater reverse osmosis (RO) technology. (ship-technology.com)
- B&P Water Technologies builds a complete range of reverse osmosis water makers to produce drinking, boiler feed, turbine wash and battery top-up water from seawater. (ship-technology.com)
- B&P Water Technologies also builds tailor-made, skid-mounted and ISO containerised seawater reverse osmosis desalination machines. (ship-technology.com)
- From single-pass potable reverse osmosis water makers to sophisticated multi-pass technical water machines, B&P Water Technologies provides guidance and support to the customer from the project development stage. (ship-technology.com)
- Each seawater reverse osmosis desalination plant is supplied as a complete system, including filtration, pumping equipment, membranes, electrical controls, and chemical feed and control components. (ship-technology.com)
- Seawater temperature varies from 15 to 38 deg. (onepetro.org)
- Preseawater Data Collection Preseawater Data Collection Model studies to evaluate the effects of lower water temperature indicated reductions in injectivity of up to 50% during the first 3 years of the project, with most of the decline occurring in the first month. (onepetro.org)
- This diagram shows the basic components required for collecting temperature readings from seawater and transmitting the data to a base station where it can be collated into a database for analysis. (duino4projects.com)
- To the left is a schematic of 10 temperature sensors, spaced 1 metre apart and immersed in seawater to a depth of 10 metres. (duino4projects.com)
- This is not a trivial matter when you consider that seawater temperatures at 10 metres depth are not likely to change quickly, depending on the exact character of tidal streams at a specific locality. (duino4projects.com)
- This work determines the influence of seawater on the solid-liquid equilibrium for acid solutions of copper sulfate at different temperatures (293.15 to 318.15 K), and its effect on physical properties (density, viscosity, and solubility). (scielo.br)
- In a statement, the water development board said the funding would help the city continue development conducting planning tasks related to seawater desalination, such as plant site selection, source water characterization, and economic impact and cost modeling. (rgj.com)
- building a brackish water desalination plant is usually cheaper than a seawater desalination plant because brackish water is generally cleaner and contains less total dissolved salts. (rgj.com)
- PWM/ PDAM - Nusa Ceningan Seawater Desalination Plant - Indonesia - Project Profile" contains information on the scope of the project including project overview and location. (marketresearch.com)
- The "PWM/ PDAM - Nusa Ceningan Seawater Desalination Plant - Indonesia - Project Profile" is part of Timetric's database of 82,000+ construction projects. (marketresearch.com)
- Public Works Ministry (PWM) and PDAM Klungkung (PDAM), a City Tap Water company, are jointly planning to undertake the seawater desalination plant project in Bali, Indonesia. (marketresearch.com)
- The project envisions a 180-kilometer (111-mile) pipeline that will channel some 200 million cubic feet of water each year to be desalinated in a new plant on Jordan's coast at Aqaba. (dw.com)
- Plant Operations Plant Operations The treated seawater supply system is depicted in Fig. 1. (onepetro.org)
- The water quality standards for the seawater treatment plant were derived from either pilot studies or observation of other seawater flood projects. (onepetro.org)
- The Bid Price of US¢ 58.5/m 3 (as of October 1st 2009) offered by Sorek Desalination Ltd. (SDL), the consortium led by IDE Technologies Ltd. developing and constructing the Sorek Plant, is one of the lowest prices ever offered in a BOT project for seawater desalination. (ide-tech.com)
- Completed some three months ahead of schedule, Singapore's first desalination plant - the largest of its kind in Asia - ranks among the most energy efficient ever constructed, enabling it to achieve the lowest desalinated seawater price in the world. (water-technology.net)
- Opened in September 2005, within its first year of operation the plant has won a distinction in the 2006 Global Water Awards and two of the companies involved have gained industry honours for their work on the project. (water-technology.net)
- Japan used seawater to cool nuclear fuel at the stricken Fukushima-Daiichi nuclear plant after the tsunami in March 2011 -- and that was probably the best action to take at the time, says Professor Alexandra Navrotsky of the University of California, Davis. (eponline.com)
- Japan used seawater to avoid a much more serious accident at the Fukushima-Daiichi plant, and Navrotsky said, to her knowledge, there is no evidence of long-distance uranium contamination from the plant. (eponline.com)
- Construction works were carried out by Indian company IVRCL and the Spanish Abengoa under the direction of the Project Manager Fernando Portillo Vallés and the Construction Manager Juan Ignacio Jiménez-Velasco, who returned to Europe after the inauguration of the plant to work on Renewable Energy Projects. (wikipedia.org)
- Chennai Water Desalination Ltd. (CWDL) is a special purpose vehicle of IVRCL Infrastructure & Projects Ltd. and Befesa Agua of Spain created in 2005 to design, build, own and operate the seawater desalination plant for the Chennai Metro Water Supply and Sewerage Board (CMWSSB). (wikipedia.org)
- The project also included infrastructure for the collection of seawater, including a 110 kV/22 kV sub-station built by the Tamil Nadu Electricity Board for uninterrupted power supply to the desalination plant. (wikipedia.org)
- The plant is a pilot project for the state's $150 million, full-scale sea water desalination plant slated for construction in 2010. (enn.com)
- Fichtner´s project team will first review and evaluate the various technological approaches before then developing two concepts for each plant location. (fichtner.de)
- Built at a cost of ₹ 5,333.8 million, the plant is the second desalination plant in the city after the 100-MLD plant at Minjur and has a capacity to treat 100 million litres of seawater a day (MLD). (wikipedia.org)
- The plant, owned by Chennai Metrowater, was constructed by VA Tech Wabag, in consortium with IDE Technologies in Israel, and Larsen and Toubro (L&T) Limited laid the 65-km-long pipeline from the plant to various parts of the city and built underground sumps en route. (wikipedia.org)
- of India Enterprises, carried out the project management consultancy services for plant construction. (wikipedia.org)
- Hawkins represented California American Water as special contract counsel in the development and evaluation of the RFQ and RFP solicitation documents, and in drafting and negotiating a design-build agreement for a 9.6 mgd seawater desalination plant in the County of Monterey, California. (hawkins.com)
- The agreement includes an option to reduce the capacity of the plant to 6.4 mgd if an independent groundwater replenishment project is completed. (hawkins.com)
- The site of a seawater desalination plant that could provide up to one-third of the water consumed by Beijing's households lies about 200 kilometers southeast of the parched Chinese capital. (technologyreview.com)
- The choice of the right pump and of the right stainless-steel materials suitable for seawater has a crucial impact on the plant availability and, of course, also on its economic viability. (duechting.com)
- Adding nitrogen-based fertiliser to the seawater appears to increase the rate of growth and the eventual height of the plant, and it has been suggested that the effluent from marine aquaculture (e.g. shrimp farming) could be used for this purpose. (greencarcongress.com)
- At full capacity, the plant will produce 50 million gallons a day of drought-proof supplies as the largest project of its kind in the country. (sdcwa.org)
- The region's water leaders gathered in Carlsbad on June 6 to mark an important early milestone in construction of Poseidon Water's seawater desalination plant. (sdcwa.org)
- If approved and built, the Carlsbad plant would produce up to 56,000 acre-feet of desalinated seawater per year, enough to serve 112,000 households of four people. (sdcwa.org)
- This article describes a technique for optimizing the flocculant dosing rate in the water treatment process by using machine learning, which requires experienced staff, and also a system that improves the recovery rate of seawater desalination to produce more fresh water from a given size of plant. (hitachi.com)
- To resolve these challenges, Hitachi is using information technology to deskill plant operation and is improving its design techniques for seawater desalination plants. (hitachi.com)
- Simultaneously, California American Water is seeking approval for a test slant well at the sand plant site in Marina that will also provide further data for the project. (businesswire.com)
- While Texas' 367-mile coastline offers promise for seawater desalination, there isn't such a facility here yet. (rgj.com)
- The Common Seawater Supply Facility (CSSF) is considered vital to maintain the production volumes at Iraq's oil fields. (iraq-businessnews.com)
- Iraq is developing a new strategy for its southern oil fields in relation to the ongoing Common Sea Water Supply Facility project, which opened bidding for completion last year. (iraq-businessnews.com)
- Iraq's Common Seawater Supply Facility, the project originally intended to supply 12 million barrels a day of treated sea water for injection to maintain pressure at oil wells, may be delayed until 2020. (iraq-businessnews.com)
- The project cost was S$200m and project finance came from a S$165m loan facility, together with a S$35m equity investment from Hyflux. (water-technology.net)
- The Saudi Arabian research facility and project development company K.A.CARE is jointly developing with the Saline Water Conversion Cooperation (SWCC) seawater desalination plants that are to be operated with renewable energies. (fichtner.de)
- Since then, the planning of this facility has been touch and go: it's been approved by the provincial development agency and listed as one of the major projects in China's initiative to build a supercity around Beijing, but it's still far from certain when the construction will begin. (technologyreview.com)
- Though it's still in the early stages, the project could produce three times the amount of drinking water as the Carlsbad facility, officials say. (sandiegometro.com)
- With the support of KEPCO, UNIST will establish a testing facility to mass produce seawater batteries, as well as to develop a seawater battery pack that enhances the charge rate of the battery by connecting cells. (pacetoday.com.au)
- By pursuing seawater desalination and supporting member agencies' local supply projects, by 2020 the Water Authority will reduce its reliance on imported water from MWD to about 30 percent, greatly increasing water reliability for the region. (sdcwa.org)
- The document issued jointly by the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC), China's top macroeconomic planner, and SOA recently highlighted seawater desalination as one of the major fresh water supply methods to employ in the severely water-scarce island regions by 2020 through desalination projects. (yicaiglobal.com)
- The $1 billion project will produce 50 million gallons of water a day for use across the San Diego region, providing a major resource that will meet about 7 percent of the county's need for water in 2020 and account for about one-third of all locally generated water. (sandiegometro.com)
- There's a great deal of talk and debate about the value of treating brackish water, or water that is more saline than fresh water, but not quite as saline as seawater. (environmental-expert.com)
- Brackish water can result from the mixing of seawater with fresh water, as in surface waters such as estuaries or other watery ecosystems, or it can occur underground in aquifers. (environmental-expert.com)
- In the new paper, the researchers show that in the presence of alkali metal ions such as sodium -- for example, in seawater -- these clusters are stable enough to persist in solution or as small particles even when the oxidizing agent is removed. (eponline.com)
- Most of the salt in seawater is sodium chloride. (physicsforums.com)
- Seawater batteries use sodium, the sixth-most abundant element on earth, to generate electricity. (pacetoday.com.au)
- The battery extracts sodium ions from the seawater when it is charged with electrical energy and stores them within the cathode compartment. (pacetoday.com.au)
- Upon electrochemical discharge, sodium is released from the anode and reacts with water and oxygen from the seawater cathode to form sodium hydroxide. (pacetoday.com.au)
- This paper summarises our recent investigations undertaken as part of the EURODESAL project on nuclear desalination, which were carried out by a consortium of four EU and one Canadian, Industrials and two leading EU R&D organisations. (environmental-expert.com)
- But Navrotsky and others have since discovered a new way in which seawater can corrode nuclear fuel, forming uranium compounds that could potentially travel long distances, either in solution or as very small particles. (eponline.com)
- Once completed, this project can not only produce enough electricity to households, but also power seawater desalting plants nearby with clean, renewable solar power. (mauritaniatribune.com)
- Korean university UNIST will be working with public organisations in the energy sector to develop a new type of eco-friendly battery that can store and produce electricity using seawater. (pacetoday.com.au)
- In the Northern Ocean Economic Zone around Tianjin, Shandong and Hebei, projects focus on large-scale industrial seawater desalination for the electricity and steel industry. (window-to-china.eu)
- While Port Augusta waits to see if any solar thermal power plants will be constructed in the town, one project which has gone ahead is a smaller solar tower providing electricity, heat and desalinated water to a tomato farm. (blogspot.com)
- When there is a drought, local officials and enterprises all come to see us and say, 'We want to desalinate seawater,'" says Wang Zhi, director of the Key Laboratory of Membrane Science and Desalination Technology at Tianjin University. (technologyreview.com)
- A global shortage of fresh water is a long-term challenge that mankind faces in this century," said the director of the ROBUST membrane project, Professor Toshinori Tsuru. (nanowerk.com)
- The ROBUST membrane project is one of the CREST programs for promising research projects funded by the Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST). (nanowerk.com)
- The project aims to examine the applicability of the ROBUST membrane for various types of water resources. (nanowerk.com)
- The AQUA-CSP study analyses the potential of concentrating solar thermal power technology for seawater desalination in the Middle East and North Africa. (dlr.de)
- Moreover, the use of seawater can also considerably reduce fire risks, as it keeps the thermal fluid in good condition. (pacetoday.com.au)
- Seawater is heated in a thermal process, flashed into steam in a series of evaporation chambers and then condensed. (outokumpu.com)
- The ancient process of saltworks involves the natural evaporation and fractionated crystallisation of seawater. (europa.eu)
- Throughout this work crystals were grown from saliva showing the importance of proteins in the crystallisation process, leading to the idea that seawater could be desalinated through crystal formation. (kcl.ac.uk)
- Duckbill valve applied in seawater drainage project to the benefit of washing discharge pipe. (lanphan.com)
- If the duckbill valve installed on discharge pipe, the waste water can discharge from all ascension pipes in condition of low discharge valve, with the increase of discharge valve, seawater at pipe bottom will be sucked out. (lanphan.com)
- For decades, California's coastal aquifers have been plagued by invading seawater, turning pristine wells into salty ruins. (watereducation.org)
- Government statistics show that by 2030, the water shortage in China's coastal areas will reach 21.4 billion cubic meters, despite water conservation efforts and the massive South-North Water Diversion Project, which pumps 25 billion cubic meters of water per year from the Yangtze River in southern China to the north China plain via two routes that are each more than 1,000 kilometers long. (technologyreview.com)
- It calls for promoting the construction and upgrading of seawater desalination projects in about 100 islands in the coastal provinces of Liaoning, Shandong, Zhejiang, Fujian and Hainan within a period of three to five years with a total scale of about 600,000 tons per day. (yicaiglobal.com)
- German companies make a significant contribution to the implementation of long-term projects in Turkmenistan. (azernews.az)
- Makai Ocean Engineering offers a full range of engineering services for seawater air conditioning analysis and implementation. (makai.com)
- As there is still no legal or organizational framework for the planned project implementation, it will first be necessary to develop a new project structure. (fichtner.de)
- A policy document recently released by the central government calls for the implementation of seawater desalination projects to effectively ease island residents' water use problems within three years, China Ocean News, sponsored by the state oceanic administration of China (SOA), reported. (yicaiglobal.com)
- While negotiations continue between the San Diego County Water Authority and Poseidon Resources on a 30-year water purchase agreement for water from the proposed Carlsbad Seawater Desalination Project, the Water Authority Board of Directors today received reports on several major issues related to the project, including terms under which the Water Authority's member agencies could buy a portion of the project's supplies. (sdcwa.org)
- Staff also reviewed with the Board the long-term water supply reliability benefits of desalinated water from the Carlsbad project. (sdcwa.org)
- As drought conditions deepen statewide, the value of the Carlsbad Desalination Project continues to grow for San Diego County," said Mark Weston, Chair of the Water Authority's board of directors. (sandiegometro.com)
- Large seawater supply development for water injection involves the application of technology in controlling chemically and mechanically interactive systems to achieve product quality, service reliability, and economy of size. (onepetro.org)
- We have discovered a new technology to use as additional step in desalination, where CO2 is captured from seawater instead of from the atmosphere directly. (sciencecareers.org)
- Nanowerk News ) Researchers at Hiroshima University have developed a technology that improves the removal of salt from seawater, a breakthrough that may alleviate the increasing demand for fresh water in some countries. (nanowerk.com)
- This technology has been pioneered by Dr. Carl Hodges of Global Seawater Inc. , who has been engaged as special advisor to the project. (greencarcongress.com)
- It calls for seawater desalination to produce about 116,000 acre-feet of new water supply per year by 2070. (rgj.com)
- Desalination is the process of separating salt from seawater to produce fresh drinking water. (veolia.com)
- Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) is developing a radically new process to produce magnesium from seawater. (energy.gov)
- This project puts the UAE at the forefront of a global movement to create sustainable alternative fuels that support - not compete with - food production and fresh water conservation. (greenaironline.com)
- The project aims to overcome the region's inhospitable conditions to help farmers drastically increase their crop yields, providing them with a consistent, sustainable income. (blackemergmanagersassociation.org)
- Every year a variety of accidents to oil tanker ships and other oil related facilities in the sea contaminates seawater with billions of gallons of crude oil. (scienceproject.com)
- The company responsible for the Sonora trials (Global Seawater) claims that between 225 and 250 gallons of BQ-9000 biodiesel can be produced per hectare (approximately 2.5 acres) of salicornia, and is promoting a $35 million scheme to create a 12,000-acre (49 km2) salicornia farm in Bahia de Kino. (greencarcongress.com)
- The project, which is expected to take three years to complete, comes after 11 years of negotiations and as the United States pushes fresh efforts to forge a peace deal between the Israelis and Palestinians. (dw.com)
- One alternative is seawater, which can be a substitute of the limited fresh water resources in the region. (scielo.br)
- Although much is known about the surface tension of fresh water, very little has been known about the surface tension of seawater - until recently. (mit.edu)
- The project proposes the conveyance of water from the Red Sea to the Dead Sea to solve the alarming declining water levels of the Dead Sea and provides fresh water to Jordanians 3 through desalination to solve the water shortage crisis. (arabdevelopmentportal.com)