Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Program Development: The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).Curriculum: A course of study offered by an educational institution.Health Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.Clinical Clerkship: Undergraduate education programs for second- , third- , and fourth-year students in health sciences in which the students receive clinical training and experience in teaching hospitals or affiliated health centers.Internship and Residency: Programs of training in medicine and medical specialties offered by hospitals for graduates of medicine to meet the requirements established by accrediting authorities.Benchmarking: Method of measuring performance against established standards of best practice.United StatesHealth Education: Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.Teaching: The educational process of instructing.Education, Medical, Undergraduate: The period of medical education in a medical school. In the United States it follows the baccalaureate degree and precedes the granting of the M.D.Quality Assurance, Health Care: Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. The concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.Internal Medicine: A medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the internal organ systems of adults.Clinical Competence: The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.Students, Medical: Individuals enrolled in a school of medicine or a formal educational program in medicine.Educational Measurement: The assessing of academic or educational achievement. It includes all aspects of testing and test construction.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Government Programs: Programs and activities sponsored or administered by local, state, or national governments.National Health Programs: Components of a national health care system which administer specific services, e.g., national health insurance.Managed Care Programs: Health insurance plans intended to reduce unnecessary health care costs through a variety of mechanisms, including: economic incentives for physicians and patients to select less costly forms of care; programs for reviewing the medical necessity of specific services; increased beneficiary cost sharing; controls on inpatient admissions and lengths of stay; the establishment of cost-sharing incentives for outpatient surgery; selective contracting with health care providers; and the intensive management of high-cost health care cases. The programs may be provided in a variety of settings, such as HEALTH MAINTENANCE ORGANIZATIONS and PREFERRED PROVIDER ORGANIZATIONS.Immunization Programs: Organized services to administer immunization procedures in the prevention of various diseases. The programs are made available over a wide range of sites: schools, hospitals, public health agencies, voluntary health agencies, etc. They are administered to an equally wide range of population groups or on various administrative levels: community, municipal, state, national, international.Software: Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.Labor Unions: Organizations comprising wage and salary workers in health-related fields for the purpose of improving their status and conditions. The concept includes labor union activities toward providing health services to members.National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (U.S.): An institute of the CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION which is responsible for assuring safe and healthful working conditions and for developing standards of safety and health. Research activities are carried out pertinent to these goals.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Workplace: Place or physical location of work or employment.Occupational Health: The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.Occupational Health Services: Health services for employees, usually provided by the employer at the place of work.Image Processing, Computer-Assisted: A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.Click Chemistry: Organic chemistry methodology that mimics the modular nature of various biosynthetic processes. It uses highly reliable and selective reactions designed to "click" i.e., rapidly join small modular units together in high yield, without offensive byproducts. In combination with COMBINATORIAL CHEMISTRY TECHNIQUES, it is used for the synthesis of new compounds and combinatorial libraries.Plant Epidermis: A thin layer of cells forming the outer integument of seed plants and ferns. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Drainage, Sanitary: A system of artificial or natural drains, generally used for the disposal of liquid wastes.Eucalyptus: A genus of trees of the Myrtaceae family, native to Australia, that yields gums, oils, and resins which are used as flavoring agents, astringents, and aromatics.Gills: Paired respiratory organs of fishes and some amphibians that are analogous to lungs. They are richly supplied with blood vessels by which oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged directly with the environment.United Nations: An international organization whose members include most of the sovereign nations of the world with headquarters in New York City. The primary objectives of the organization are to maintain peace and security and to achieve international cooperation in solving international economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian problems.Conservation of Natural Resources: The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.Technology Assessment, Biomedical: Evaluation of biomedical technology in relation to cost, efficacy, utilization, etc., and its future impact on social, ethical, and legal systems.Cost-Benefit Analysis: A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.World Health: The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.Environmental Policy: A course of action or principle adopted or proposed by a government, party, business, or individual that concerns human interactions with nature and natural resources.Diphosphoglyceric AcidsHealth Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Manitoba: A province of Canada, lying between the provinces of Saskatchewan and Ontario. Its capital is Winnipeg. Taking its name from Lake Manitoba, itself named for one of its islands, the name derived from Algonquian Manitou, great spirit. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p724 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p332)United States Social Security Administration: An independent agency within the Executive Branch of the United States Government. It administers a national social insurance program whereby employees, employers, and the self-employed pay contributions into pooled trust funds. Part of the contributions go into a separate hospital insurance trust fund for workers at age 65 to provide help with medical expenses. Other programs include the supplemental social security income program for the aged, blind, and disabled and the Old Age Survivors and Disability Insurance Program. It became an independent agency March 31, 1995. It had previously been part of the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, later the Department of Health and Human Services. (From United States Government Manual, 1994-95)Government Agencies: Administrative units of government responsible for policy making and management of governmental activities.Health Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.Policy Making: The decision process by which individuals, groups or institutions establish policies pertaining to plans, programs or procedures.Nursing Evaluation Research: Research carried out by nurses that uses interviews, data collection, observation, surveys, etc., to evaluate nursing, health, clinical, and nursing education programs and curricula, and which also demonstrates the value of such evaluation.Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis: A degenerative disorder affecting upper MOTOR NEURONS in the brain and lower motor neurons in the brain stem and SPINAL CORD. Disease onset is usually after the age of 50 and the process is usually fatal within 3 to 6 years. Clinical manifestations include progressive weakness, atrophy, FASCICULATION, hyperreflexia, DYSARTHRIA, dysphagia, and eventual paralysis of respiratory function. Pathologic features include the replacement of motor neurons with fibrous ASTROCYTES and atrophy of anterior SPINAL NERVE ROOTS and corticospinal tracts. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1089-94)

An assessment of the operation of an external quality assessment (EQA) scheme in histopathology in the South Thames (West) region: 1995-1998. (1/6835)

AIMS: To describe the design and organisation of a voluntary regional external quality assessment (EQA) scheme in histopathology, and to record the results obtained over a three year period. METHODS: A protocol is presented in which circulation of EQA slides alternated with teaching sessions. Procedures for the choice of suitable cases, evaluation of submitted diagnoses, and feedback of results to participants are described. The use of teaching sessions, complementary to the slide circulations, and dealing with current diagnostic problems is also outlined. RESULTS: Participation rates in the nine slide circulations varied between 66% and 89%, mean 85%. Overall scores were predictably high but 4% of returns, from 10 pathologists, were unsatisfactory. These low scores were typically isolated or intermittent and none of the participants fulfilled agreed criteria for chronic poor performers. CONCLUSIONS: This scheme has been well supported and overall performances have been satisfactory. The design was sufficiently discriminatory to reveal a few low scores which are analysed in detail. Prompt feedback of results to participants with identification of all "incomplete" and "wrong" diagnoses is essential. Involvement of local histopathologists in designing, running, and monitoring such schemes is important.  (+info)

General practitioners' continuing education: a review of policies, strategies and effectiveness, and their implications for the future. (2/6835)

BACKGROUND: The accreditation and provision of continuing education for general practitioners (GPs) is set to change with new proposals from the General Medical Council, the Government, and the Chief Medical Officer. AIM: To review the theories, policies, strategies, and effectiveness in GP continuing education in the past 10 years. METHOD: A systematic review of the literature by computerized and manual searches of relevant journals and books. RESULTS: Educational theory suggests that continuing education (CE) should be work-based and use the learner's experiences. Audit can play an important role in determining performance and needs assessment, but at present is largely a separate activity. Educational and professional support, such as through mentors or co-tutors, has been successfully piloted but awaits larger scale evaluation. Most accredited educational events are still the postgraduate centre lecture, and GP Tutors have a variable role in CE management and provision. Controlled trials of CE strategies suggest effectiveness is enhanced by personal feedback and work prompts. Qualitative studies have demonstrated that education plays only a small part in influencing doctors' behavior. CONCLUSION: Maintaining good clinical practice is on many stakeholders' agendas. A variety of methods may be effective in CE, and larger scale trials or evaluations are needed.  (+info)

Randomised controlled trial of follow up care in general practice of patients with myocardial infarction and angina: final results of the Southampton heart integrated care project (SHIP). The SHIP Collaborative Group. (3/6835)

OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of a programme to coordinate and support follow up care in general practice after a hospital diagnosis of myocardial infarction or angina. DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial; stratified random allocation of practices to intervention and control groups. SETTING: All 67 practices in Southampton and south west Hampshire, England. SUBJECTS: 597 adult patients (422 with myocardial infarction and 175 with a new diagnosis of angina) who were recruited during hospital admission or attendance at a chest pain clinic between April 1995 and September 1996. INTERVENTION: Programme to coordinate preventive care led by specialist liaison nurses which sought to improve communication between hospital and general practice and to encourage general practice nurses to provide structured follow up. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Serum total cholesterol concentration, blood pressure, distance walked in 6 minutes, confirmed smoking cessation, and body mass index measured at 1 year follow up. RESULTS: Of 559 surviving patients at 1 year, 502 (90%) were followed up. There was no significant difference between the intervention and control groups in smoking (cotinine validated quit rate 19% v 20%), lipid concentrations (serum total cholesterol 5.80 v 5.93 mmol/l), blood pressure (diastolic pressure 84 v 85 mm Hg), or fitness (distance walked in 6 minutes 443 v 433 m). Body mass index was slightly lower in the intervention group (27.4 v 28.2; P=0.08). CONCLUSIONS: Although the programme was effective in promoting follow up in general practice, it did not improve health outcome. Simply coordinating and supporting existing NHS care is insufficient. Ischaemic heart disease is a chronic condition which requires the same systematic approach to secondary prevention applied in other chronic conditions such as diabetes mellitus.  (+info)

Community-level HIV intervention in 5 cities: final outcome data from the CDC AIDS Community Demonstration Projects. (4/6835)

OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated a theory-based community-level intervention to promote progress toward consistent condom and bleach use among selected populations at increased risk for HIV infection in 5 US cities. METHODS: Role-model stories were distributed, along with condoms and bleach, by community members who encouraged behavior change among injection drug users, their female sex partners, sex workers, non-gay-identified men who have sex with men, high-risk youth, and residents in areas with high sexually transmitted disease rates. Over a 3-year period, cross-sectional interviews (n = 15,205) were conducted in 10 intervention and comparison community pairs. Outcomes were measured on a stage-of-change scale. Observed condom carrying and intervention exposure were also measured. RESULTS: At the community level, movement toward consistent condom use with main (P < .05) and nonmain (P < .05) partners, as well as increased condom carrying (P < .0001), was greater in intervention than in comparison communities. At the individual level, respondents recently exposed to the intervention were more likely to carry condoms and to have higher stage-of-change scores for condom and bleach use. CONCLUSIONS: The intervention led to significant communitywide progress toward consistent HIV risk reduction.  (+info)

The reach and effectiveness of a national mass media-led smoking cessation campaign in The Netherlands. (5/6835)

OBJECTIVES: This study examined the reach, effectiveness, and cost-effectiveness of a mass media-led smoking cessation campaign including television shows, a television clinic, a quit line, local group programs, and a comprehensive publicity campaign. METHODS: A random sample of baseline smokers (n = 1338) was interviewed before and after the campaign and at a 10-month follow-up. A nonpretested control group (n = 508) of baseline smokers was incorporated to control for test effects. RESULTS: Most smokers were aware of the campaign, although active participation rates were low. Dose-response relations between exposure and quitting were found. The follow-up point prevalence abstinence rate attributable to the campaign was estimated to be 4.5% after control for test effects and secular trends. The cost per long-term quitter was about $12. CONCLUSIONS: In spite of a massive rise in tobacco promotion expenditures prior to the campaign and the absence of governmental control over the media, the campaign under study may have increased normal cessation rates substantially.  (+info)

Decline in cigarette consumption following implementation of a comprehensive tobacco prevention and education program--Oregon, 1996-1998. (6/6835)

In November 1996, residents of Oregon approved a ballot measure increasing the cigarette tax by 30 cents (to 68 cents per pack). The measure stipulated that 10% of the additional tax revenue be allocated to the Oregon Health Division (OHD) to develop and implement a tobacco-use prevention program. In 1997, OHD created Oregon's Tobacco Prevention and Education Program (TPEP), a comprehensive, community-based program modeled on the successful tobacco-use prevention programs in California and Massachusetts. To assess the effects of the tax increase and TPEP in Oregon, OHD evaluated data on the number of packs of cigarettes taxed before (1993-1996) and after (1997-1998) the ballot initiative and implementation of the program. Oregon's results also were compared with national data. This report summarizes the results of the analysis, which indicate that consumption of cigarettes in Oregon declined substantially after implementation of the excise tax and TPEP and exceeded the national rate of decline.  (+info)

Follow-up care in general practice of patients with myocardial infarction or angina pectoris: initial results of the SHIP trial. Southampton Heart Integrated Care Project. (7/6835)

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess the effectiveness of a nurse-led programme to ensure that follow-up care is provided in general practice after hospital diagnosis of myocardial infarction (MI) or angina pectoris. METHODS: We conducted a randomized controlled trial with stratified random allocation of practices to intervention and control groups within all 67 practices in Southampton and South-West Hampshire, England. The subjects were 422 adult patients with a MI and 175 patients with a new diagnosis of angina recruited during hospital admission or chest pain clinic attendance between April 1995 and September 1996. Intervention involved a programme of secondary preventive care led by specialist liaison nurses in which we sought to improve communication between hospital and general practice and to encourage general practice nurses to provide structured follow-up. The main outcome measures were: extent of general practice follow-up; attendance for cardiac rehabilitation; medication prescribed at hospital discharge; self-reported smoking, diet and exercise; and symptoms of chest pain and shortness of breath. Follow-ups of 90.1 % of subjects at 1 month and 80.6% at 4 months were carried out. RESULTS: Median attendance for nurse follow-up in the 4 months following diagnosis was 3 (IQR 2-5) in intervention practices and 0 (IQR 0-1) in control practices; the median number of visits to a doctor was the same in both groups. At hospital discharge, levels of prescribing of preventive medication were low in both intervention and control groups: aspirin 77 versus 74% (P = 0.32), cholesterol lowering agents 9 versus 10% (P = 0.8). Conversely, 1 month after diagnosis, the vast majority of patients in both groups reported healthy lifestyles: 90 versus 84% reported eating healthy food (P = 0.53); 73 versus 67% taking regular exercise (P = 0.13); 89 versus 92% not smoking (P = 0.77). Take up of cardiac rehabilitation was 37% in the intervention group and 22% in the control group (P = 0.001); the median number of sessions attended was also higher (5 versus 3 out of 6). CONCLUSIONS: The intervention of a liaison nurse is effective in ensuring that general practice nurses follow-up patients after hospital discharge. It does not alter the number of follow-up visits made by the patient to the doctor. Levels of prescribing and reported changes in behaviour at hospital discharge indicate that the main tasks facing practice nurses during follow-up are to help patients to sustain changes in behaviour, to encourage doctors to prescribe appropriate medication and to encourage patients to adhere to medication while returning to an active life. These are very different tasks to those traditionally undertaken by practice nurses in relation to primary prevention, where the emphasis has been on identifying risk and motivating change. Assessment of the effectiveness of practice nurses in undertaking these new tasks requires a longer follow-up.  (+info)

Challenges in securing access to care for children. (8/6835)

Congressional approval of Title XXI of the Social Security Act, which created the State Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP), is a significant public effort to expand health insurance to children. Experience with the Medicaid program suggests that eligibility does not guarantee children's enrollment or their access to needed services. This paper develops an analytic framework and presents potential indicators to evaluate CHIP's performance and its impact on access, defined broadly to include access to health insurance and access to health services. It also presents options for moving beyond minimal monitoring to an evaluation strategy that would help to improve program outcomes. The policy considerations associated with such a strategy are also discussed.  (+info)

  • Indicators are measureable information used to determine if a program is implementing their program as expected and achieving their outcomes. (cdc.gov)
  • Regardless of how you slice the process indicators, if they show the activities are not being implemented with fidelity, then the program risks not being able to achieve the intended outcomes. (cdc.gov)
  • Long-term outcomes are often difficult to measure and attribute to a single program. (cdc.gov)
  • Hear from people who have successfully developed asthma management programs that have improved health outcomes in their communities. (cdc.gov)
  • A common concern of evaluation studies is to learn the distribution of outcomes when a specified treatment policy or assignment rule, determines the treatment received by each member of a specified population. (nber.org)
  • This paper examines the use of empirical evidence on programs with homogenous treatments to infer the outcomes that would occur if treatment were to vary across the population. (nber.org)
  • The purpose of this study was to examine academic outcomes of youth who participated in Minnesota's 4-H program compared to those who did not, and to understand how parent engagement and duration of 4-H participation affects youth achievement and attendance trajectories over five years. (umn.edu)
  • CPPSR believes that too often program evaluation is only thought of as the final stage of a program that gauges outcomes and establishes accountability. (ccsu.edu)
  • It uses program objectives and baseline information to measure against, takes into account the efficacy of program processes, and tries to determine the facilitationg factors and barriers that led to program outcomes. (ccsu.edu)
  • Program evaluation is a function involving the systematic collection and analysis of evidence on program outcomes. (gc.ca)
  • Program evaluation planning is critical an evaluation is efficient and effective in measuring the key variables that will provides the information needed to describe actual program delivery methods, audience reached and outcomes. (uaex.edu)
  • It begins by walking users through the process of identifying core program components and developing a program logic model to show connections between resources, activities, outcomes, evaluation measures, and the need the program addresses in its community. (rand.org)
  • A completed logic model depicts the logical flow from inputs (resources) to actions (activities) to outputs (outcomes) to assessment (evaluation) to goals (needs). (rand.org)
  • While program evaluation first focuses around this definition, important considerations often include how much the program costs per participant, how the program could be improved, whether the program is worthwhile, whether there are better alternatives, if there are unintended outcomes, and whether the program goals are appropriate and useful. (wikipedia.org)
  • This report documents Urban's evaluation findings related to the implementation of AIM and participant outcomes, including successes and challenges of program implementation as well as participants' placement, justice, and goal attainment outcomes. (urban.org)
  • This evaluation aimed to document and inform the development of the MLI approach and to assess the outcomes of that approach. (aspeninstitute.org)
  • 1. The evaluation report includes, but is not limited to, aggregated data collected, analyzed and summarized from reviews of the curriculum and student outcomes, end-of-program assessments, program success data over a five-year period (e.g., retention and graduation rates), course evaluations, graduate follow-up surveys, and employer and/or graduate school advisor follow-up studies. (excelsior.edu)
  • The primary purposes of an evaluation are to assess the processes and outcomes of a specific initiative and to facilitate ongoing program management. (cdc.gov)
  • Whereas outcome evaluation tends to focus on conditions or behaviors that the program was expected to affect most directly and immediately (i.e., "proximal" outcomes), impact evaluation examines the program's long-term goals. (cdc.gov)
  • The national evaluation was charged with assessing the process, outcomes, costs, and sustainability of the program. (jhsph.edu)
  • The program has been effective in achieving its core short-term outcomes. (gc.ca)
  • The authors stress the development of a program-improvement focus that begins with program conceptualization through implementation and analysis of outcomes and costs. (ecampus.com)
  • Respondents felt that significant progress towards meeting the overall goals and objectives has been made although many felt that the goals represent long-term outcomes requiring ongoing work from the RMOs as well as acceptance of the program and utilization of the resources by the First Nations schools. (gc.ca)
  • This preliminary outcomes evaluation report indicates the extent to which participating states had completed or partially implemented the BIP's required infrastructure goals as well as states' own voluntary goals through September 30, 2015 (the end date of the BIP). (hhs.gov)
  • The toolkit's design and content are the result of a rigorous, systematic review of the program evaluation literature to identify evaluation approaches, measures, and tools used elsewhere and will be particularly useful to managers and directors of community-based CVE programs and program funders. (rand.org)
  • Program evaluation uses the methods and design strategies of traditional research, but in contrast to the more inclusive, utility-focused approach of evaluation, research is a systematic investigation designed to develop or contribute to gener-alizable knowledge (MacDonald et al. (cdc.gov)
  • We assist you in developing or updating your systematic evaluation plan and its respective components. (atitesting.com)
  • We facilitate the development or revision of a systematic evaluation plan for your program that addresses accreditation outcome measures. (atitesting.com)
  • Effective program evaluation is a systematic way to improve and account for public health actions by involving procedures that are useful, feasible, ethical, and accurate. (rti.org)
  • and (3) data from systematic follow-up studies of graduates, site supervisors, and employers of program graduates. (cacrep.org)
  • Designed to help those responsible for monitoring and evaluation identify high-performing, resource-efficient indicators in collaboration with stakeholders. (cdc.gov)
  • Once target audience members and key stakeholders are identified and research methods to be used are determined, evaluation responsibilities and a timetable are then determined. (ccsu.edu)
  • The Second Edition of Practical Program Evaluation shows readers how to systematically identify stakeholders' needs in order to select the evaluation options best suited to meet those needs. (sagepub.com)
  • At Statistics Canada, stakeholders include the chief evaluation executive and its team, program managers and the Departmental Evaluation Committee chaired by the chief statistician. (gc.ca)
  • In both the public and private sectors, stakeholders often want to know whether the programs they are funding, implementing, voting for, receiving or objecting to are producing the intended effect. (wikipedia.org)
  • Evaluators help to answer these questions, but the best way to answer the questions is for the evaluation to be a joint project between evaluators and stakeholders. (wikipedia.org)
  • This utilization-focused definition guides us toward including the goals, concerns, and perspectives of program stakeholders. (cdc.gov)
  • The results of evaluation are often used by stakeholders to improve or increase capacity of the program or activity. (cdc.gov)
  • Furthermore, stakeholders can identify program priorities, what consti-tutes "success," and the data sources that could serve to answer questions about the acceptability, possible participation levels, and short- and long-term impact of proposed programs. (cdc.gov)
  • Evaluation of a program usually includes multiple measures that are informed by the contri-butions and perspectives of diverse stakeholders. (cdc.gov)
  • The emphasis is on practical, ongoing evaluation strategies that involve all program stakeholders, not just evaluation experts. (rti.org)
  • Does the Program or Plan Match the Values of the Stakeholders? (ecampus.com)
  • If the proposed intervention is found to be effective, linkages with the Tanzanian Ministry of Health and other stakeholders will enable scale-up of the program throughout the country. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The research activities included 55 key informant interviews comprised of representatives from the following stakeholder groups: Industry Canada national and regional staff, Regional Management Organizations (RMOs) service providers and program staff, school administrators, and other stakeholders involved with the FNS program. (gc.ca)
  • The report contains the official findings of the evaluation and recommendations on how to address health hazards found or to improve programs for protecting employee health. (wikipedia.org)
  • In this chapter, we summarize some findings and lessons from a series of projects for the state of Texas to help improve the alignment of higher education degree programs and workforce needs. (rand.org)
  • This report summarizes the findings from five years of research by Mathematica Policy Research (MPR), on how each of the three demonstration states (Arkansas, Florida and New Jersey) implemented its program, and on how the programs have affected the consumers who participated, the consumers' paid and unpaid caregivers, and the costs to Medicaid. (rwjf.org)
  • This report highlights the project and key evaluation findings. (umn.edu)
  • These key findings demonstrate the promise of the AIM program, an individualized mentoring program for high-risk youth on probation in New York City. (urban.org)
  • To this end, MLI contracted with EnCompass LLC as the external evaluation partner to serve in the dual role of evaluator and advisor to share findings and lessons learned with the MLI team. (aspeninstitute.org)
  • Child Mental Health Initiative Evaluation Findings: Report. (samhsa.gov)
  • This report provides the Council's findings and recommendations regarding the boating access component of the Federal Aid in Sport Fish Restoration grant program administered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the state fish and wildlife agencies use of these funds. (fws.gov)
  • This report provides the Council's findings and recommendations regarding the Clean Vessel Act Grant program administered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. (fws.gov)
  • The Academic Consortium, represented by the Academic Consortium Board (ACB), oversees the quality of all CIEE locations by conducting periodic evaluations of the study centers and their programs, and reporting its findings to the Consortium. (ciee.org)
  • Parents, teachers, care providers and others can use evaluation findings as a guide. (childrensnational.org)
  • Findings from the affiliate evaluation complement the larger evaluation. (jhsph.edu)
  • The evaluation findings are based on the analysis of multiple lines of evidence. (gc.ca)
  • The following provides a brief summary of the findings of the key informant interviews, case studies, and document reviews conducted by R.A. Malatest & Associates as part of the formative evaluation. (gc.ca)
  • As part of their overall workplace violence prevention program, employers should evaluate their safety and security measures. (cdc.gov)
  • Top management should review the program regularly, and with each incident, to evaluate its success. (cdc.gov)
  • It was an opportunity to evaluate a program in terms of a particular exhibition and our work with partners. (amnh.org)
  • Then, you will compare these ideas to what is actually happening in your agency and consider how you could design, implement, and/or evaluate a program at your agency. (indiana.edu)
  • It is used to evaluate program relevance and performance, to facilitate decision-making and to confirm or consequently adjust resource priorities and allocation in a national and international context of budget pressures. (gc.ca)
  • Instead, some arguments may not be (fully) evaluated, a specific evaluation order may be prescribed, or a non-standard evaluator may be used to evaluate one or more arguments. (maplesoft.com)
  • Focus groups have been successfully used to evaluate public assistance programs, such as an evaluation of a state energy assistance pilot program. (drexel.edu)
  • The purpose of this study is to conduct a randomized controlled trial to evaluate the efficacy of the Master Mind program, a mindfulness education substance abuse prevention program. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • So far we've been using the substitution model to evaluate programs. (cornell.edu)
  • This volume provides a comprehensive yet accessible introduction to the skills, attitudes and methods required to evaluate programs offered in public and private organizations. (ecampus.com)
  • Any changes in the program should be discussed at regular meetings of the task force, safety committee, union representatives, or other employee groups (OSHA, 2016) . (cdc.gov)
  • Energy I-Corps Program: Year 1 Process and Impact Evaluation -- final report (formerly named Evaluation of the Lab-Corps Pilot ), prepared by Research Into Action Inc., NMR Group Inc., and 360 Innovation LLC, November 2016. (energy.gov)
  • The Faculty of Engineering will review it's health and safety program every three years, monitor the incident rates and trends. (ualberta.ca)
  • GLO Advocate Program The GLO Advocate program recognizes faculty/staff as advocates for study abroad and highlights them as resources to prospective study abroad students. (northwestern.edu)
  • Our consultants also help facilitate a review of your program data uncovering evidence upon which decisions can be made by your faculty to support changes in your program. (atitesting.com)
  • Evaluation data will help program faculty reflect on aspects of the program that work well and those that need improvement and will inform programmatic and curricular decisions. (cacrep.org)
  • Counselor education program faculty provide evidence of the use of program evaluation data to inform program modifications. (cacrep.org)
  • The report is published on the program website in an easily accessible location, and students currently in the program, program faculty, institutional administrators, and personnel in cooperating agencies (e.g., employers, site supervisors) are notified that the report is available. (cacrep.org)
  • Counselor education program faculty must annually post on the program's website in an easily accessible location the following specific information for each entry-level specialty area and doctoral program: (1) the number of graduates for the past academic year, (2) pass rates on credentialing examinations, (3) completion rates, and (4) job placement rates. (cacrep.org)
  • SAN JOSE, Calif. , July 21, 2020 /PRNewswire/ -- Corinth MedTech , developer of the Veloxion™ System, the very first single-use resectoscope for relieving the symptoms of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH), announced today the commencement of evaluations of its FDA-cleared Veloxion System for transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) procedures. (prnewswire.com)
  • The company expects the U.S. pre-market evaluations success will culminate in commercial launch of the Veloxion System in Q4 2020. (prnewswire.com)
  • Program evaluation is an essential organizational practice in public health. (cdc.gov)
  • The evaluation function is a management best practice since it helps to continually improve the programs and processes used. (gc.ca)
  • Through a careful blend of theory, research, and practice, the author presents a testing model that is specifically tailored to the concerns of language education programs and which can be adapted to different contexts and updated as teaching and learning situations evolve. (cambridge.org)
  • The Helmsley Trust is deeply committed to supporting educators and is proud to facilitate this collaboration to meaningfully integrate two of the most important initiatives in public education today -rigorous college and career ready standards and new approaches to developing teacher practice,' said Rich McKeon , Program Director of Education for the Helmsley Charitable Trust. (prnewswire.com)
  • The framework comprises steps in program evaluation practice and standards for effective program evaluation. (rti.org)
  • To do this, an ongoing five-year organizational evaluation plan is prepared by each federal department or agency to determine the evaluation projects or programs planned for a given year. (gc.ca)
  • Applied research and program evaluation provides information to assist decision-makers in identifying and addressing community and social issues, evaluating the impact of programs and services and crafting innovative improvements to meet community and organizational needs. (wichita.edu)
  • Outcome evaluation focuses on the observable conditions of a specific population, organizational attribute, or social condition that a program is expected to have changed. (cdc.gov)
  • With pleasure I introduce the Program Evaluation Series, an occasional publication of the Minnesota Evaluation Studies Institute (MESI), which has its home in the Department of Organizational Leadership, Policy, and Development at the University of Minnesota. (umn.edu)
  • The manual is based on CDC's Framework for Program Evaluation in Public Health , released September 1999, and is intended to help state, local, and community managers and staff of public health programs plan, design, implement, and use the results of comprehensive evaluations in a practical way. (cdc.gov)
  • For example, in 1999, CDC published a framework to guide public health professionals in developing and implementing a program evaluation (CDC, 1999). (cdc.gov)
  • He has led various studies and analyses, program evaluations, policy and strategic planning, and technical assistance projects focused on health care and benefits delivery for Veterans and their families. (lewin.com)
  • Overall, the results of the analyses do not indicate that participation in the AVID program increases the odds of being on track to be college and career ready, be it in the immediate or the long term. (pgcps.org)
  • A great deal of work has been done on static analyses (such as strictness analysis, or cheapness analysis) that conservatively estimate where call-by-need can be changed to call-by-value without changing the meaning of the program. (microsoft.com)
  • Optimistic evaluation complements compile-time analyses with run-time experiments: it evaluates a thunk speculatively, but has an abortion mechanism to back out if it makes a bad choice. (microsoft.com)
  • At this point in the evaluation, the results are mostly incomplete, and in some cases, more visits are necessary. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the interests of transparency, all government departments and agencies are obligated to publicly disclose on their website the summary results of their program evaluation reports. (gc.ca)
  • Program evaluation results are only valuable if they are used. (uaex.edu)
  • ATI Consulting Services helped them create clear strategies and simplify evaluation procedures for better program results. (atitesting.com)
  • Nor do the results indicate there is any delayed effect of the program for those that participated in the program only when they were in middle school. (pgcps.org)
  • This paper reports the results of a randomized trial of the College Possible program, which provides two years of college preparatory work for high school juniors and seniors in Minneapolis and St. Paul. (nber.org)
  • The purpose of this evaluation was to assess the ongoing relevance and performance of the CFS program and results will be used to support program renewal and improvements. (gc.ca)
  • The relationships developed during the first phase will be key to collecting the data necessary to ensure robust results on program accomplishments during the ARRA period. (homeenergy.org)
  • Results of the evaluation will be discussed with you. (lifebridgehealth.org)
  • The results are encouraging: many programs speed up significantly (5-25%), some are dramatically faster, and very few go slower. (microsoft.com)
  • At 5 months post-program, results indicated little change in frequency of observed bullying behaviors, although attitudes changed significantly toward an increased anti-bullying perspective and greater perceived power to intervene in bullying. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Because outcome indicators measure the changes that occur over time, indicators should be measured at least at baseline (before the program/project begins) and at the end of the project. (cdc.gov)
  • This report, conducted by independent evaluators, documents the design, first-round (fall 2015) training, and baseline conditions of Energy I-Corps, a program of the U.S. Department of Energy's National Laboratory Impact Initiative. (energy.gov)
  • The book is an invaluable resource for practicing evaluators, students, evaluation users, and clients. (sagepub.com)
  • As the product of an ACB evaluation, the report provides an in-depth discussion of all elements of the site visit, and includes recommendations from the ACB evaluators on how CIEE could improve or adjust the program to better meet the needs of students. (ciee.org)
  • The Executive Summary provides an abbreviated version of the full ACB evaluation report and emphasizes what the ACB evaluators feel are the most important recommendations. (ciee.org)
  • The program is a resource to implement recent federal and state policies. (rwjf.org)
  • Pakistan has provided a very challenging context in which to implement a development program. (adb.org)
  • 1) Beginning in January 1998, the department and the department of natural resources shall implement a habitat incentives program based on the recommendations of federally recognized Indian tribes, landowners, the regional fisheries enhancement groups, the timber, fish, and wildlife cooperators, and other interested parties. (wa.gov)
  • For example, based on the research, we will consider the needs of the populations served by Middleway/Rise and the available programs and interventions for those populations. (indiana.edu)
  • these classes are necessary, as you will be reading many journal article studies and designing your own program evaluation research study (you must understand research methodology and statistics). (indiana.edu)
  • NEW YORK , Oct. 28, 2013 /PRNewswire/ -- As teachers across the country begin implementing new math and literacy standards in the public schools along with new teacher evaluation systems, The Leona M. and Harry B. Helmsley Charitable Trust announced a $3 million investment to establish a rigorous research project to learn from educators in four school districts. (prnewswire.com)
  • The Effects of 'Girl-Friendly' Schools: Evidence from the BRIGHT School Construction Program in Burkina Faso ," NBER Working Papers 18115, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc. (repec.org)
  • The Effects of 'Girl-Friendly' Schools: Evidence from the BRIGHT School Construction Program in Burkina Faso (Journal Article) ," Mathematica Policy Research Reports 0115ef3a2998483493dd24537, Mathematica Policy Research. (repec.org)
  • This research brief describes focus groups and the settings in which they are used, their use in program development and evaluation, and some considerations for conducting effective focus group research. (drexel.edu)
  • Beginning in the late 1980s, public health practitioners and other social scientists began using focus groups in order to supplement other qualitative research techniques in developing programs, policies, and interventions to promote health and wellbeing. (drexel.edu)
  • http://wilderdom.com/research/effectsizes.html Why use effect sizes instead of significance testing for program evaluation? (wilderdom.com)
  • The national evaluation of the Weatherization Assistance Program is led by ORNL , with project management oversight by APPRISE , a Princeton-based nonprofit research firm. (homeenergy.org)
  • It was written primarily for project directors who have direct responsibility for the ongoing evaluation of W.K. Kellogg Foundation-funded projects. (wkkf.org)
  • This study evaluates interim progress in schools receiving hands-on training from the Healthy Schools Program, the nation's largest school-based program aimed at preventing childhood obesity. (rwjf.org)
  • The four-year program targets schools with predominantly low-income, Black, or Latino students. (rwjf.org)
  • The program now works with more than 14,000 schools across the nation reaching more than 9 million students, as well as teachers and other school staff. (rwjf.org)
  • Although much has been written about the testing and evaluation of language students, few books have dealt with the much broader issue of measuring the success of language programs. (cambridge.org)
  • Receiving substantive, representative feedback from students about our required medical school curriculum and instructors is crucial in helping the School of Medicine to understand program strengths and weaknesses and identify opportunities to improve the educational experience for future generations of students. (stanford.edu)
  • 1. Students must complete all evaluations assigned to them. (stanford.edu)
  • For the evaluation, I use the fact that the mentoring is only offered to students in an economics and management program, whereas it is not offered to students in an industrial engineering program. (repec.org)
  • However, students in both programs take the same classes and write the same exams in their first study year. (repec.org)
  • Connect with Students Contact former and current study abroad students to learn more about your program. (northwestern.edu)
  • Other programs in which students must transfer in the majority of the credits required for completion of the degree or certificate will undergo a modified program evaluation . (excelsior.edu)
  • and (5) former scholarship students , who were awarded, accepted, and used a voucher for private school enrollment for one or more years, but subsequently withdrew from the program to return to public schools. (nea.org)
  • Most students in the cohort who entered the program after first grade had unsuccessfully applied for a scholarship in prior year, and the proportion of prior applicants was roughly the same for students who had been enrolled in private and public schools. (nea.org)
  • The School Programs Curriculum Development and Evaluation Internship is available to graduate students studying education. (fastweb.com)
  • Student Program Evaluations and ACB Site Evaluation Reports are available to the Consortium to provide information to prospective students and sending institutions. (ciee.org)
  • Student Program Evaluation reports are generated each term across all sites based upon feedback collected while students are on a CIEE program. (ciee.org)
  • For this reason, ACB study center reviews are conducted with full participation of the staff and students, but members of review panels are not associated with the programs they review. (ciee.org)
  • For over two decades, MESI has sponsored exceptional professional development on program evaluation* and provided graduate students hands-on opportunities to hone their skills on evaluation projects in a variety of organizations. (umn.edu)
  • This evaluation of the Advancement via Individual Determination (AVID) program assesses the extent to which participation in the program improves the odds of students in the academic middle being college and career ready upon graduation. (pgcps.org)
  • The trial involved 238 students, including 134 who were randomly selected for admission to the program. (nber.org)
  • The program has the goal of enhancing coping strategies and decision-making skills and preventing substance abuse in late elementary school students. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The program also offers students and recent graduates of information technology programs professional experience refurbishing computers through the Technical Work Experience Program (TWEP), funded by the Government of Canada's Youth Employment Strategy (YES). (gc.ca)
  • The methodology included document and literature reviews, data analysis, 70 key interviews, a survey of 303 users of CFS and 64 non-users , and a survey of 136 youth participating in the program (interns and co-op students). (gc.ca)
  • Students participating in health programs at designated study sites. (umich.edu)
  • Since the FNS program is the only federal program designed to provide connectivity and ICT resources to First Nations schools, the FNS program was regarded as essential in helping First Nations youth acquire computer related skills to be competitive with students in other regions in Canada. (gc.ca)
  • The technology provided through the program has afforded many students in First Nations schools new opportunities and an avenue to acquire necessary computer skills to become competitive in the knowledge-based economy. (gc.ca)
  • The laboratories should review their internal health and safety program on a regular basis. (ualberta.ca)
  • Completion of the Program Review & Evaluation course is required for attainment of your CFP designation. (centennialcollege.ca)
  • A final Program Review Examination is the culmination of your preparation for the FPSC Financial Planning Exam Level 2. (centennialcollege.ca)
  • The evaluation of Public Relations Internship Program in China Literature Review Nowadays, when new ideas, professions and whole fields are imported or received into cultures that had no part in their creation and development, it is important to study how these fields fit in, are adapted to or are altered by their new host countries. (bartleby.com)
  • 4. Comments in question will be brought before the Evaluation Review Committee. (stanford.edu)
  • 5. If the review committee determines that the comment violates the Stanford Affirmation or the School of Medicine Technical, Non-Academic Standards or there is sufficient reason to be concerned for student safety or wellbeing, a request may be made to try to determine the identity of the evaluation writer. (stanford.edu)
  • Get Started Review program types, costs, eligibility and schedule to meet with an adviser. (northwestern.edu)
  • Costs & Fees Review program costs and administrative fees. (northwestern.edu)
  • Before you apply, review your program application requirements . (excelsior.edu)
  • Therefore, programs that fall under this category may wish to adjust the timing of their program evaluation to coincide with the accreditation review or they may, with the approval of the provost, have the accreditation self-study serve as a portion of the internal program evaluation. (excelsior.edu)
  • ACB members review each program according to its mission statement. (ciee.org)
  • Before each review, the ACB evaluations coordinator, ACB evaluation team leader, team members, members of the CIEE Study Abroad executive team, and CIEE RDO for the specific site being evaluated confer on whether more terms of reference are necessary, and if strategic issues or particular problem areas should be noted. (ciee.org)
  • Educators across the country are grappling with the challenge of implementing new teacher evaluation systems while simultaneously being called on to adapt their instructional models to address the rigorous requirements of the Common Core. (prnewswire.com)
  • The STAAR testing program is a more rigorous testing program that emphasizes "readiness" standards, which are those Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS) student expectations that are considered most important for success in the grade or course subject that follow and for college and career. (pisd.edu)
  • NTEP requires the fuel industry to submit prototype measuring devices for rigorous evaluation to determine whether they meet uncertainties associated with intended final use in the marketplace, and all 'legal for trade' devices must pass these evaluations. (prweb.com)
  • The chief evaluation executive reports directly to the chief statistician and to the Departmental Evaluation Committee chaired by the chief statistician. (gc.ca)
  • Before fielding any data requests, the Energy Center established relationships with two national organizations that play an important role in the weatherization community: National Association for State Community Services Programs ( NASCSP) and National Community Action Foundation ( NCAF) . (homeenergy.org)
  • To justify their existence, organizations typically want and need to verify that their programs are successful. (air.org)
  • A great degree of the success enjoyed by the program can be attributed to the management structure that includes national and regional representatives of Industry Canada as well as non-profit First Nations and Aboriginal organizations. (gc.ca)
  • Stakeholder engagement (i.e., inclusion of persons involved in or affected by programs) constitutes a major theme in the evaluation frameworks. (cdc.gov)
  • Be able to take part in the planning and programming for prevention and control activities within the field of nutrition in public health. (bartleby.com)
  • This report, which details activities of the IOM 's Assistance to Vulnerable Migrants programs and projects, focuses on IOM 's direct assistance to trafficked persons and vulnerable migrants, in particular the provision of voluntary, safe, and sustainable return and reintegration assistance. (vawnet.org)
  • Programmatic Evaluation: Activities of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Fisheries Program FY 2005-2009. (fws.gov)
  • The information gleaned from these evaluations drive activities that demonstrate CIEE's commitment to continuous improvement of our learning environments. (ciee.org)
  • This new endeavor, the Program Evaluation Series, seeks to broaden the number of people who can benefit from MESI activities by providing high quality, up-to-date, and affordable materials on critical developments in the field. (umn.edu)
  • The Energy Center will repeat these data collection activities in 2012 as the second phase of the evaluation will measure program performance under ARRA. (homeenergy.org)
  • This study measured the impact of intervention to increase awareness of the seriousness of kidney disease and the availability of effective treatments to prevent or slow kidney failure in a high-risk African- American population in four pilot cities in the U.S. Prior to launching a national education campaign, the National Kidney Disease Education Program (NKDEP) conducted pilot-site interventions to refine and test campaign strategy. (hhs.gov)
  • The aim of the first proficiency evaluation was to assess and improve comparability of islet autoantibody measurements between laboratories in preparation for multicenter studies. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Another is to identify opportunities to make continuous improvements in programs in order to effectively and efficiently manage public investments. (energy.gov)
  • CPPSR works collaboratively with clients to identify the scope of their evaluation needs. (ccsu.edu)
  • This type of evaluation needs to identify the relevant community and establish its perspectives so that the views of engagement leaders and all the important components of the community are used to identify areas for improvement. (cdc.gov)
  • Identify noncatchment areas in which the health maintenance organization option of the TRICARE program is available or is proposed to become available. (health.mil)
  • Wanting to know how 4-H could improve its member retention rate, the Minnesota 4-H Retention Study asked 4-H members who left the program why they decided to join, stay and ultimately leave 4-H. (PDF) 2010. (umn.edu)
  • Program evaluation at Excelsior College is congruent with the ' Characteristics of Excellence in Higher Education Eligibility Requirements and Standards for Accreditation ' as set forth by the Middle States Commission on Higher Education. (excelsior.edu)
  • The following Standards apply to all entry-level and doctoral-level programs for which accreditation is being sought unless otherwise specified. (cacrep.org)
  • If a student has not completed at least 75% of the evaluations assigned during the quarter, their E4C mentor will be alerted. (stanford.edu)
  • If a student completes less than 75% of the evaluations assigned during a subsequent quarter, the E4C mentor will be alerted that there has been a second lapse in professionalism with regard to evaluations. (stanford.edu)
  • 6. If a student completes less than 75% of evaluations in another quarter (third violation), the student may be referred to CP3 for a professionalism concern. (stanford.edu)
  • This committee will consist of the following members (or their designees): The Director of Evaluation, the Assistant Dean for Pre-Clerkship Education, the Assistant Dean for Medical Education, the Senior Associate Dean for Medical Education, the E4C Program Director, a representative from the Student Advising Team, and a medical student representative. (stanford.edu)
  • What is the impact of participation in the program on student academic achievement? (nea.org)
  • Survey questions are designed to measure student satisfaction and to assess the overall impact of all elements of the program, in and outside the classroom. (ciee.org)
  • This form is for any student to use in evaluating programs, an activity or event which they or their group has presented. (orgsync.com)
  • You can view your Program Evaluation in Online Services under Student Planning. (csmd.edu)
  • and introduce the six steps of the CDC Framework for Program Evaluation using examples that are relevant to state partners of the National Asthma Control Program. (cdc.gov)
  • Prepare and Go Complete steps to prepare for your program and departure. (northwestern.edu)
  • Nine additional sites implemented Healthy Steps in the same way as the 15 national evaluation sites. (jhsph.edu)
  • Adhering to the steps and standards of this framework will allow an understanding of each program's context and will improve how program evaluations are conceived and conducted. (rti.org)
  • All reviews are conducted in accordance with the strategic objectives of the CIEE Academic Consortium Board and the stated purpose of each program. (ciee.org)
  • In addition to a strategy that contributes to a more focused program, firm strategic management is required. (adb.org)
  • Program evaluation should be conducted not only to demonstrate that a project worked, but also to improve the way it works. (ccsu.edu)
  • Although evaluation is useful to document impact and demonstrate accountability, it should also lead to more effective programs, and a better knowledge of what works. (ccsu.edu)
  • The study gathered primary data to analyze the impact of the FDF program on the socio-economic situation and well being of the FDF borrowers. (unicef.org)
  • Data are supplied for school health programs at a total of 30 schools at six sites in the United States. (umich.edu)
  • Data collection for the first stage of the evaluation wrapped up in 2011, with 51 state offices and 878 weatherization agencies completing 2,800 surveys. (homeenergy.org)
  • These surveys contained more than 3,600 unique variables and 9.2 million data points ranging from high-level information about program administration at the state and local levels to detailed records on the treatment of individual weatherized homes. (homeenergy.org)
  • The evaluation used Office of Management and Budget (OMB)-approved surveys, via telephone and fax, to collect the data. (hhs.gov)
  • Participating states had to commit to achieving four program goals and file quarterly reports on progress toward these goals. (hhs.gov)
  • Florida Atlantic University College of Nursing (FAU) overhauled its program evaluation plan and installed new curriculum development tools. (atitesting.com)