The production of offspring by selective mating or HYBRIDIZATION, GENETIC in animals or plants.
The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Sexual activities of animals.
Periodic movements of animals in response to seasonal changes or reproductive instinct. Hormonal changes are the trigger in at least some animals. Most migrations are made for reasons of climatic change, feeding, or breeding.
Animal behavior associated with the nest; includes construction, effects of size and material; behavior of the adult during the nesting period and the effect of the nest on the behavior of the young.
Warm-blooded VERTEBRATES possessing FEATHERS and belonging to the class Aves.
An order of BIRDS including over 300 species that primarily inhabit coastal waters, beaches, and marshes. They are comprised of shorebirds, gulls, and terns.
A benzyl-indazole having analgesic, antipyretic, and anti-inflammatory effects. It is used to reduce post-surgical and post-traumatic pain and edema and to promote healing. It is also used topically in treatment of RHEUMATIC DISEASES and INFLAMMATION of the mouth and throat.
The science of breeding, feeding and care of domestic animals; includes housing and nutrition.
The mating of plants or non-human animals which are closely related genetically.
Deliberate breeding of two different individuals that results in offspring that carry part of the genetic material of each parent. The parent organisms must be genetically compatible and may be from different varieties or closely related species.
Differential and non-random reproduction of different genotypes, operating to alter the gene frequencies within a population.
The capacity to conceive or to induce conception. It may refer to either the male or female.
A widely distributed order of perching BIRDS, including more than half of all bird species.
Cultivated plants or agricultural produce such as grain, vegetables, or fruit. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982)
Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.
Genetic loci associated with a QUANTITATIVE TRAIT.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of genetic processes or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.
A characteristic showing quantitative inheritance such as SKIN PIGMENTATION in humans. (From A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)
A phenotypically recognizable genetic trait which can be used to identify a genetic locus, a linkage group, or a recombination event.
The number of offspring produced at one birth by a viviparous animal.
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
Any of the ruminant mammals with curved horns in the genus Ovis, family Bovidae. They possess lachrymal grooves and interdigital glands, which are absent in GOATS.
The use of DNA recombination (RECOMBINATION, GENETIC) to prepare a large gene library of novel, chimeric genes from a population of randomly fragmented DNA from related gene sequences.
A variety of simple repeat sequences that are distributed throughout the GENOME. They are characterized by a short repeat unit of 2-8 basepairs that is repeated up to 100 times. They are also known as short tandem repeats (STRs).
The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
Behaviors associated with the giving of assistance or aid to individuals.
A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The genetic complement of a plant (PLANTS) as represented in its DNA.
The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.
Number of individuals in a population relative to space.
The sole family in the order Sphenisciformes, comprised of 17 species of penguins in six genera. They are flightless seabirds of the Southern Hemisphere, highly adapted for marine life.
The number of offspring produced at one birth by an oviparous or ovoviviparous animal.
The family Passeridae comprised of small, mainly brown and grey seed-eating birds with conical bills.
Permanent deprivation of breast milk and commencement of nourishment with other food. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
An order of diurnal BIRDS of prey, including EAGLES; HAWKS; buzzards; vultures; and falcons.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Flat keratinous structures found on the skin surface of birds. Feathers are made partly of a hollow shaft fringed with barbs. They constitute the plumage.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
The functional hereditary units of PLANTS.
The capacity of an organism to defend itself against pathological processes or the agents of those processes. This most often involves innate immunity whereby the organism responds to pathogens in a generic way. The term disease resistance is used most frequently when referring to plants.
The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.
Any method used for determining the location of and relative distances between genes on a chromosome.
The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)
The genetic process of crossbreeding between genetically dissimilar parents to produce a hybrid.
The period in the ESTROUS CYCLE associated with maximum sexual receptivity and fertility in non-primate female mammals.
A state of sexual inactivity in female animals exhibiting no ESTROUS CYCLE. Causes of anestrus include pregnancy, presence of offspring, season, stress, and pathology.
Complex nucleoprotein structures which contain the genomic DNA and are part of the CELL NUCLEUS of PLANTS.
An animal or plant species in danger of extinction. Causes can include human activity, changing climate, or change in predator/prey ratios.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of plants.
Animals which have become adapted through breeding in captivity to a life intimately associated with humans. They include animals domesticated by humans to live and breed in a tame condition on farms or ranches for economic reasons, including LIVESTOCK (specifically CATTLE; SHEEP; HORSES; etc.), POULTRY; and those raised or kept for pleasure and companionship, e.g., PETS; or specifically DOGS; CATS; etc.
The family of agile, keen-sighted mongooses of Asia and Africa that feed on RODENTS and SNAKES.
Insects that transmit infective organisms from one host to another or from an inanimate reservoir to an animate host.
The time period of daily exposure that an organism receives from daylight or artificial light. It is believed that photoperiodic responses may affect the control of energy balance and thermoregulation.
The family Hirundinidae, comprised of small BIRDS that hunt flying INSECTS while in sustained flight.
Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).
The family Sturnidae, in the order PASSERIFORMES. The starling family also includes mynahs and oxpeckers.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
A plant genus of the family POACEAE that is the source of EDIBLE GRAIN. A hybrid with rye (SECALE CEREALE) is called TRITICALE. The seed is ground into FLOUR and used to make BREAD, and is the source of WHEAT GERM AGGLUTININS.
Annual cereal grass of the family POACEAE and its edible starchy grain, rice, which is the staple food of roughly one-half of the world's population.
Achievement of full sexual capacity in animals and in humans.
The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.
Wormlike or grublike stage, following the egg in the life cycle of insects, worms, and other metamorphosing animals.
The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.
The processes of milk secretion by the maternal MAMMARY GLANDS after PARTURITION. The proliferation of the mammary glandular tissue, milk synthesis, and milk expulsion or let down are regulated by the interactions of several hormones including ESTRADIOL; PROGESTERONE; PROLACTIN; and OXYTOCIN.
The observable response an animal makes to any situation.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Sounds used in animal communication.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
Diseases of plants.
A plant species of the family POACEAE. It is a tall grass grown for its EDIBLE GRAIN, corn, used as food and animal FODDER.
The process of bearing developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero in non-human mammals, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Variant forms of the same gene, occupying the same locus on homologous CHROMOSOMES, and governing the variants in production of the same gene product.
Animals considered to be wild or feral or not adapted for domestic use. It does not include wild animals in zoos for which ANIMALS, ZOO is available.
The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.
The process of laying or shedding fully developed eggs (OVA) from the female body. The term is usually used for certain INSECTS or FISHES with an organ called ovipositor where eggs are stored or deposited before expulsion from the body.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
The species Megaptera novaeangliae, in the family Balaenopteridae, characterized by its huge flippers and the arching of their back when diving. They are also known for their breaching and singing.
The number of males per 100 females.
Artificial introduction of SEMEN or SPERMATOZOA into the VAGINA to facilitate FERTILIZATION.
The adaptive superiority of the heterozygous GENOTYPE with respect to one or more characters in comparison with the corresponding HOMOZYGOTE.
Periodic casting off FEATHERS; HAIR; or cuticle. Molting is a process of sloughing or desquamation, especially the shedding of an outer covering and the development of a new one. This phenomenon permits growth in ARTHROPODS, skin renewal in AMPHIBIANS and REPTILES, and the shedding of winter coats in BIRDS and MAMMALS.
A cutaneous pouch of skin containing the testicles and spermatic cords.
The discharge of an OVUM from a rupturing follicle in the OVARY.
The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.
A genus of mosquitoes (CULICIDAE) that are known vectors of MALARIA.
A plant genus of the family POACEAE originating from the savanna of eastern Africa. It is widely grown for livestock forage.
Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.
A genus of mosquitoes (CULICIDAE) frequently found in tropical and subtropical regions. YELLOW FEVER and DENGUE are two of the diseases that can be transmitted by species of this genus.
The systematic study of the complete DNA sequences (GENOME) of organisms.
A single nucleotide variation in a genetic sequence that occurs at appreciable frequency in the population.
A major gonadotropin secreted by the adenohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, ANTERIOR). Luteinizing hormone regulates steroid production by the interstitial cells of the TESTIS and the OVARY. The preovulatory LUTEINIZING HORMONE surge in females induces OVULATION, and subsequent LUTEINIZATION of the follicle. LUTEINIZING HORMONE consists of two noncovalently linked subunits, alpha and beta. Within a species, the alpha subunit is common in the three pituitary glycoprotein hormones (TSH, LH and FSH), but the beta subunit is unique and confers its biological specificity.
The reduction or regulation of the population of mosquitoes through chemical, biological, or other means.
The direct struggle between individuals for environmental necessities or for a common goal.
The genetic complement of an organism, including all of its GENES, as represented in its DNA, or in some cases, its RNA.
An order of BIRDS comprising the waterfowl, particularly DUCKS; GEESE; swans; and screamers.
The hair of SHEEP or other animals that is used for weaving.
The major progestational steroid that is secreted primarily by the CORPUS LUTEUM and the PLACENTA. Progesterone acts on the UTERUS, the MAMMARY GLANDS and the BRAIN. It is required in EMBRYO IMPLANTATION; PREGNANCY maintenance, and the development of mammary tissue for MILK production. Progesterone, converted from PREGNENOLONE, also serves as an intermediate in the biosynthesis of GONADAL STEROID HORMONES and adrenal CORTICOSTEROIDS.
In animals, the social relationship established between a male and female for reproduction. It may include raising of young.
Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.
The branch of science concerned with the interrelationship of organisms and their ENVIRONMENT, especially as manifested by natural cycles and rhythms, community development and structure, interactions between different kinds of organisms, geographic distributions, and population alterations. (Webster's, 3d ed)
The reproductive organs of plants.
The male gonad containing two functional parts: the SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES for the production and transport of male germ cells (SPERMATOGENESIS) and the interstitial compartment containing LEYDIG CELLS that produce ANDROGENS.
Foodstuff used especially for domestic and laboratory animals, or livestock.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
A subfamily of MURIDAE found nearly world-wide and consisting of about 20 genera. Voles, lemmings, and muskrats are members.
Occurrence or induction of ESTRUS in all of the females in a group at the same time, applies only to non-primate mammals with ESTROUS CYCLE.
Large, hoofed mammals of the family EQUIDAE. Horses are active day and night with most of the day spent seeking and consuming food. Feeding peaks occur in the early morning and late afternoon, and there are several daily periods of rest.
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
An infraclass of MAMMALS, also called Metatheria, where the young are born at an early stage of development and continue to develop in a pouch (marsupium). In contrast to Eutheria (placentals), marsupials have an incomplete PLACENTA.
Any of several burrowing rodents of the families MURIDAE and Bathyergidae, found in eastern Europe, Africa, and Asia. They have short limbs, small eyes with permanently closed lids, and no tail. Three genera SPALAX (Muridae), Heterocephalus (Bathyergidae) and Cryptomys (Bathyergidae) are used frequently as experimental animals in biomedical research. (From Walker's Mammals of the World, 6th ed)
The longterm manifestations of WEATHER. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The physical measurements of a body.
Common name for many members of the FALCONIFORMES order, family Accipitridae, generally smaller than EAGLES, and containing short, rounded wings and a long tail.
A theorem in probability theory named for Thomas Bayes (1702-1761). In epidemiology, it is used to obtain the probability of disease in a group of people with some characteristic on the basis of the overall rate of that disease and of the likelihood of that characteristic in healthy and diseased individuals. The most familiar application is in clinical decision analysis where it is used for estimating the probability of a particular diagnosis given the appearance of some symptoms or test result.
A plant genus of the family FABACEAE known for the edible beans.
A plant genus of the family FABACEAE that is used for food in NIGERIA.
Instinctual behavior pattern in which food is obtained by killing and consuming other species.
The behavior patterns associated with or characteristic of a father.
Partial cDNA (DNA, COMPLEMENTARY) sequences that are unique to the cDNAs from which they were derived.
The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)
The family Phocidae, suborder PINNIPEDIA, order CARNIVORA, comprising the true seals. They lack external ears and are unable to use their hind flippers to walk. It includes over 18 species including the harp seal, probably the best known seal species in the world.
A hereditary disease of the hip joints in dogs. Signs of the disease may be evident any time after 4 weeks of age.
BIRDS of the large family Psittacidae, widely distributed in tropical regions and having a distinctive stout, curved hooked bill. The family includes LOVEBIRDS; AMAZON PARROTS; conures; PARAKEETS; and many other kinds of parrots.
The selection or choice of sexual partner in animals. Often this reproductive preference is based on traits in the potential mate, such as coloration, size, or behavioral boldness. If the chosen ones are genetically different from the rejected ones, then NATURAL SELECTION is occurring.
Prolonged dry periods in natural climate cycle. They are slow-onset phenomena caused by rainfall deficit combined with other predisposing factors.
Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
Common name for perch-like fish of the family Cichlidae, belonging to the suborder Labroidei, order PERCIFORMES.
A plant genus of the family POACEAE. The EDIBLE GRAIN, barley, is widely used as food.
Water particles that fall from the ATMOSPHERE.
A potent androgenic steroid and major product secreted by the LEYDIG CELLS of the TESTIS. Its production is stimulated by LUTEINIZING HORMONE from the PITUITARY GLAND. In turn, testosterone exerts feedback control of the pituitary LH and FSH secretion. Depending on the tissues, testosterone can be further converted to DIHYDROTESTOSTERONE or ESTRADIOL.
Activities associated with the disposition of the dead. It excludes cultural practices such as funeral rites.
The family Cervidae of 17 genera and 45 species occurring nearly throughout North America, South America, and Eurasia, on most associated continental islands, and in northern Africa. Wild populations of deer have been established through introduction by people in Cuba, New Guinea, Australia, New Zealand, and other places where the family does not naturally occur. They are slim, long-legged and best characterized by the presence of antlers. Their habitat is forests, swamps, brush country, deserts, and arctic tundra. They are usually good swimmers; some migrate seasonally. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1362)
The record of descent or ancestry, particularly of a particular condition or trait, indicating individual family members, their relationships, and their status with respect to the trait or condition.
Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
Coloration or discoloration of a part by a pigment.
A discipline or occupation concerned with the study of INSECTS, including the biology and the control of insects.
Instinctual patterns of activity related to a specific area including ability of certain animals to return to a given place when displaced from it, often over great distances using navigational clues such as those used in migration (ANIMAL MIGRATION).
The white liquid secreted by the mammary glands. It contains proteins, sugar, lipids, vitamins, and minerals.
The transfer of POLLEN grains (male gametes) to the plant ovule (female gamete).
Sexual union of a male and a female in non-human species.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
A species of sheep, Ovis aries, descended from Near Eastern wild forms, especially mouflon.
The edible portions of any animal used for food including domestic mammals (the major ones being cattle, swine, and sheep) along with poultry, fish, shellfish, and game.
Large members of the FALCONIFORMES order of birds, family Accipitridae, most especially the genera Aquila, Haliaeetus, Harpia, and Circaetus. They are characterized by their powerful talons, which carry long, curved, pointed claws and by their opposable hindtoe.
The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.
The capability of producing eggs (OVA) from which young are hatched outside the body. While mostly referring to nonmammalian species, this does include MAMMALS of the order MONOTREMATA.
Cultivation of natural faunal resources of water. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The co-inheritance of two or more non-allelic GENES due to their being located more or less closely on the same CHROMOSOME.
Invertebrates or non-human vertebrates which transmit infective organisms from one host to another.
BIRDS that hunt and kill other animals, especially higher vertebrates, for food. They include the FALCONIFORMES order, or diurnal birds of prey, comprised of EAGLES, falcons, HAWKS, and others, as well as the STRIGIFORMES order, or nocturnal birds of prey, which includes OWLS.
PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.
Any of various ruminant mammals of the order Bovidae. They include numerous species in Africa and the American pronghorn.
Any of numerous agile, hollow-horned RUMINANTS of the genus Capra, in the family Bovidae, closely related to the SHEEP.
Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.
The fertilizing element of plants that contains the male GAMETOPHYTES.
Those characteristics that distinguish one SEX from the other. The primary sex characteristics are the OVARIES and TESTES and their related hormones. Secondary sex characteristics are those which are masculine or feminine but not directly related to reproduction.
The different ways GENES and their ALLELES interact during the transmission of genetic traits that effect the outcome of GENE EXPRESSION.
Domesticated farm animals raised for home use or profit but excluding POULTRY. Typically livestock includes CATTLE; SHEEP; HORSES; SWINE; GOATS; and others.
A climate which is typical of equatorial and tropical regions, i.e., one with continually high temperatures with considerable precipitation, at least during part of the year. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The non-genetic biological changes of an organism in response to challenges in its ENVIRONMENT.
Ratings of the characteristics of food including flavor, appearance, nutritional content, and the amount of microbial and chemical contamination.
Increase in BODY WEIGHT over existing weight.
A genus of trees of the Myrtaceae family, native to Australia, that yields gums, oils, and resins which are used as flavoring agents, astringents, and aromatics.
A plant genus of the family Musaceae, order Zingiberales, subclass Zingiberidae, class Liliopsida.
The chromosomal constitution of a cell containing multiples of the normal number of CHROMOSOMES; includes triploidy (symbol: 3N), tetraploidy (symbol: 4N), etc.
A large family of narrow-leaved herbaceous grasses of the order Cyperales, subclass Commelinidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons). Food grains (EDIBLE GRAIN) come from members of this family. RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, SEASONAL can be induced by POLLEN of many of the grasses.
A large or important municipality of a country, usually a major metropolitan center.
The number of offspring a female has borne. It is contrasted with GRAVIDITY, which refers to the number of pregnancies, regardless of outcome.
Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in plants.
Nutritional physiology of animals.
Diseases of domestic cattle of the genus Bos. It includes diseases of cows, yaks, and zebus.
Specific regions that are mapped within a GENOME. Genetic loci are usually identified with a shorthand notation that indicates the chromosome number and the position of a specific band along the P or Q arm of the chromosome where they are found. For example the locus 6p21 is found within band 21 of the P-arm of CHROMOSOME 6. Many well known genetic loci are also known by common names that are associated with a genetic function or HEREDITARY DISEASE.
Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.
A family of herbivorous leaping MAMMALS of Australia, New Guinea, and adjacent islands. Members include kangaroos, wallabies, quokkas, and wallaroos.
Communication between animals involving the giving off by one individual of some chemical or physical signal, that, on being received by another, influences its behavior.
The capability of an organism to survive and reproduce. The phenotypic expression of the genotype in a particular environment determines how genetically fit an organism will be.
The regular and simultaneous occurrence in a single interbreeding population of two or more discontinuous genotypes. The concept includes differences in genotypes ranging in size from a single nucleotide site (POLYMORPHISM, SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE) to large nucleotide sequences visible at a chromosomal level.
The total number of individuals inhabiting a particular region or area.
Common name for the largest birds in the order PASSERIFORMES, family Corvidae. These omnivorous black birds comprise most of the species in the genus Corvus, along with ravens and jackdaws (which are often also referred to as crows).
The tendency of a phenomenon to recur at regular intervals; in biological systems, the recurrence of certain activities (including hormonal, cellular, neural) may be annual, seasonal, monthly, daily, or more frequently (ultradian).
A principle of estimation in which the estimates of a set of parameters in a statistical model are those quantities minimizing the sum of squared differences between the observed values of a dependent variable and the values predicted by the model.
The detection of RESTRICTION FRAGMENT LENGTH POLYMORPHISMS by selective PCR amplification of restriction fragments derived from genomic DNA followed by electrophoretic analysis of the amplified restriction fragments.
An individual having different alleles at one or more loci regarding a specific character.
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
The rose plant family in the order ROSALES and class Magnoliopsida. They are generally woody plants. A number of the species of this family contain cyanogenic compounds.
A process involving chance used in therapeutic trials or other research endeavor for allocating experimental subjects, human or animal, between treatment and control groups, or among treatment groups. It may also apply to experiments on inanimate objects.
A group comprised of several species of eared seals found in two genera, in the family Otariidae. In comparison to SEA LIONS, they have an especially dense wooly undercoat.
Behavior which may be manifested by destructive and attacking action which is verbal or physical, by covert attitudes of hostility or by obstructionism.
Multicellular, eukaryotic life forms of kingdom Plantae (sensu lato), comprising the VIRIDIPLANTAE; RHODOPHYTA; and GLAUCOPHYTA; all of which acquired chloroplasts by direct endosymbiosis of CYANOBACTERIA. They are characterized by a mainly photosynthetic mode of nutrition; essentially unlimited growth at localized regions of cell divisions (MERISTEMS); cellulose within cells providing rigidity; the absence of organs of locomotion; absence of nervous and sensory systems; and an alternation of haploid and diploid generations.
... heirloom produce heritage breeds of meat and many less transport-immune cultivars disfavored by large grocers a place to meet ... "FAQs". International Federation for Produce Standards. Produce Marketing Association. Archived from the original on 20 April ... and peaches for produce buyers in the north-eastern US. Farmers' markets also may supply buyers from produce stands, ... markets selling rejected produce from local wholesale markets, or selling produce purchased from non-local sources. In some ...
The society also produces a regular newsletter and produces a checklist of birds and works with many other conservation ... The society also undertakes local surveys of garden, coastal, wetland and breeding birds. Some members also carry out bird ... The Society produces Gower Birds (Adar Gwyr, in Welsh) once a year. This is a check-list of the birds recorded in the area. ... all breeding records; bird counts: waders and wildfowl, wintering flocks, gull roosts, migrating birds, seabird numbers of ...
... shielding from the high-energy neutrons produced by the fusion reactions and some will also be used for tritium breeding ... Lithium-6 produces tritium via (n,t) reactions with moderated neutrons, while Lithium-7 produces tritium via interactions with ... Six different tritium breeding systems, known as Test Blanket Modules (TBM), will be tested in ITER and will share a common box ... It will use superconducting niobium-tin to carry 45 kA and produce a peak field of more than 13 teslas. The 18 toroidal field ...
Breeding occurs mostly in spring. Gestation will last 56 days and produce a litter of 1-5 pups. The pups are born blind yet ... In one captive breeding situation, cannibalism by the mother may have occurred, though it was not confirmed. In an ecologically ... The male will only spend a single day with the female during breeding season. The female must keep her pups safe from predation ... The mother's gestation period was 86 days for two separate breeding events recorded at this zoo. An 86-day gestation period is ...
Apple, cherry and cereals are produced. Animal breeding is another activity. "Turkstat". Turkish Statistical Institute. ...
In Europe, many breeders cross Heck horses with Thoroughbreds to produce hunters. Heck cattle Breeding back "Standard". North ... Breeds commonly crossed with the Heck horse are the Welsh pony and Arabian horse, and a new breed of pony, called the Canadian ... The breed was created by the German zoologist brothers Heinz Heck and Lutz Heck in an attempt to breed back the tarpan. ... The Heck brothers bred together several European small horse and pony breeds hypothesized to be descended from the tarpan. They ...
Given a source of white light, they produce a white shine, in red they produce red, and in blue they produce blue. Leucophores ... "Sepia bandensis: husbandry and breeding". The Octopus News Magazine Online. Retrieved 2019-04-15. Hanlon, Roger T. Verfasser. ( ... The egg case is produced through a complex capsule of the female accessory genital glands and the ink bag. On occasion, a large ... To produce these signals, cephalopods can vary four types of communication element: chromatic (skin coloration), skin texture ( ...
Guayule breeding programs have been facilitated in order to domesticate, commercialize, and develop higher yielding cultivars. ... Guayule would again become a replacement for Hevea tree-produced latex during World War II when Japan cut off America's ... Selection of high-yielding guayule is complicated by its breeding system, which is primarily apomixis (asexual cloning via ... Ray, Dennis T.; Terry A. Coffelt; David A. Dierig (2004). "Breeding Guayule for commercial production". Industrial Crops and ...
"E-volver", interactive breeding units. "Breed", evolved sculptures produced by rapid manufacturing techniques. "Picbreeder", ... Collaborative breeder allowing branching from other users' creations that produces pictures like faces and spaceships. "CFDG ...
Genetics and plant breeding of Andropogon gayanus. In: Toledo, J.M., Vera, R., Lascano, C. and Lenne, J.M. (eds.). Andropogon ... A novel technique to produce polygenic resistance to anthracnose in Stylosanthes capitata. Proceedings of the XIX International ... Stylosanthes breeding approaches in South America. Tropical Grasslands 31: 430-434. Rocha, C.M. da, Palacios, E. and Grof, B. ... Genetics and breeding of Centrosema. In: Schultze-Kraft, R. and Clements, R.J. (eds.). Centrosema: Biology, agronomy, and ...
The breeding pair typically monopolizes food to continue producing pups. When food is scarce, this is done at the expense of ... The breeding pair typically eats first. They usually work the hardest at killing prey, and may rest after a long hunt and allow ... Once the breeding pair has finished eating, the rest of the family tears off pieces of the carcass and transports them to ... The wolf is nonetheless related closely enough to smaller Canis species, such as the coyote and the golden jackal, to produce ...
Breeding occurs from February to June. It nests in tree cavities, producing 2-4 white eggs. The parents cooperate in rearing ... In captivity it is the most frequently bred member of the toucan family and is the most popular as a tame hand-fed pet. It ...
The necessity for carting produce revolutionised communication between villages. Horse-breeding as an enterprise continued; in ... Many breeds were saved by the dedicated efforts of a few breeders who formed breed societies, tracking down remaining animals ... are not able to breed beare and bring forth such great breeds of [stallions] as by the statute of 32 Henry VIII is expressed, ... The Official Horse Breeds Standards Guide: The Complete Guide to the Standards of All North American Equine Breed Associations ...
No distinct breeding season is seen. The gestation periods lasts around 7 months, and post partum estrus occurs. Thus, a gray ... In the dry season, they eat the fruit from trees such Caesalpinia paraguariensis, which produce dry, tough fruits. Periodically ... brocket can produce two offspring in a year. After birth, the doe takes care of the fawn until it is weaned, though the time ...
Breeding occurs in June and July. Females produce from four to 17 eggs in a year. The eggs hatch in 6 to 8 weeks. Not much is ... The skin of red-backed salamanders was found to contain Lysobacter gummosus, an epibiotic bacterium that produces the chemical ... 4-diacetylphloroglucinol as an antifungal metabolite produced by cutaneous bacteria of the salamander Plethodon cinereus". ...
Livestock breeding cattle in the foreground. The milk produced is sold to various milk factory obtained a substantial income. ...
European bison (wisent) have also been crossed with domestic cattle to produce the żubroń. These were first bred in Poland in ... Breeding was discontinued in the 1980s. The few remaining zubron can be found at Bialowieski National Park. American bison ... The aim is to produce high protein, low fat and low cholesterol beef on animals which have "less hump and more rump". Although ... First generation hybrid males are sterile, but females may be crossed back to either a wisent or domestic bull to produce ...
The reproductive rate of solenodons is relatively low, producing only two litters per year. Breeding can occur at any time. ... Once they reach adulthood solenodons are solitary animals and rarely interact except to breed. ...
Breeding takes place throughout the year; the male grasps the female with his hindmost pereiopod, and defends her from other ... The female produces several batches of about twenty eggs during her reproductive lifespan. The eggs are laid directly into a ...
Ernir produced a number of scholarly articles and patents. Ernir was also an occasional novelist and poet. His last novel, ... He was keen on horse-breeding. He was married twice, the first marriage giving him three children; his second marriage two ...
Meat, milk, and honey are also produced in the district. Fish breeding is cultivated in ponds. Another feature of this district ...
Breeding males often develop bright coloration. Fish of the genus produce audible sounds during courtship and conflict. There ...
Main economic activity is animal breeding. But cereals and apple are also produced. "Turkstat". Turkish Statistical Institute. ...
As a broodmare she produced several minor winners. Swan Princess was a "headstrong" brown mare with a small white star bred in ... She produced four winners but no top-class performers. Her known foals included: Princess Adraan, a bay filly, foaled in 1983, ... Bred in Australia. Tristram Princess, chestnut filly, 1986, by Sir Tristram. Unraced Omen Victory, bay colt, 1988, by Alydar. ... HisHe stood as a breeding stallion in Europe where his other offspring included Duboff (Sun Chariot Stakes) and Honeyblest ( ...
He produced winners of almost $10 million. Bozo's records, his bloodlines, and his style, are all reasons that he was one of ... "French Flash Hawk Quarter Horse". All Breed Pedigree. Retrieved March 20, 2020. "French Flash Hawk "Bozo"". ProRodeo Hall of ...
"British Bred Produce". Greyhound Board of Great Britain. Archived from the original on 2016-09-14. Retrieved 2016-07-25. " ... "British Bred Derby". Greyhound Board of Great Britain. "Essex Vase". Greyhound Board of Great Britain. Archived from the ...
They produce a 19-22 micron wool that is highly barbed, ideal for blending with other fibers. "About The Breed". Babydoll ... To meet consumer demand in the early 19th century, farmers in the US and UK began breeding Southdowns that could produce larger ... These sheep became the foundation flock of the breed, and he set up a registry for them in 1991, naming them 'Olde English ... The Olde English 'Babydoll' Southdown is a breed of sheep developed in the United States to reflect the original type of ...
Birth weight for rams is about 4.4 kg (9.7 lb) and ewes 4.0 kg (8.8 lb). On average, slightly more than one lamb is produced ... This breed has adapted to extreme temperatures and conditions. Within the foothills of Iraq, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia, summer ... The Arabi rams have horns and the ewes are polled (hornless). This breed is the foundation stock for the Wooled Persian of ... "Arabi". Breeds of Livestock. Oklahoma State University, Dept. of Animal Science. Retrieved 2009-05-11. CS1 maint: discouraged ...
Commands a price premium as a table grape, but also occasionally used to produce rosé single varietal wine. Badenes, Marisa ( ... 2012). Fruit Breeding. New York: Springer. p. 237. ISBN 978-1-4419-0762-2. Furse, Jane. "Cannon Hall and its 1760 Kitchen ...
Breeding takes place between July and September. A cluster of eggs is produced which rises to the water surface. The eggs hatch ... Pearlfishes are able to produce sounds by means of certain muscles connected to the swim bladder, with each species producing a ...
The Forestry Commission has produced guidance and requested people report possible cases. A free mobile phone application, ... searching for disease-resistance resulted in the selection of fifty disease-resistant trees for the establishment of breeding ... The ascospores are produced in asci and are transmitted by wind; this might explain the rapid spread of the fungus.[6] The ... One approach to managing the disease may be to take branches from resistant trees and graft them to rootstock to produce seeds ...
There are two peptides in the hypothalamus that produce hunger, melanin concentrating hormone (MCH) and orexin. MCH plays a ... "Niche Relationships Among Six Species of Shorebirds on Their Wintering and Breeding Ranges". Ecological Monographs. 43 (2): 193 ... the body starts to produce the feeling of hunger. The body also stimulates eating by detecting a drop in cellular lipid levels ... bigger role in producing hunger. In mice, MCH stimulates feeding and a mutation causing the overproduction of MCH led to ...
The species is not native, but a few small deer farms in the southeastern United States have successfully bred water deer.[ ... Water deer have been known to produce up to seven young, but two to three is normal for this species, the most prolific of all ... Females do not seem to be territorial outside the breeding season and can be seen in small groups, although individual deer do ...
One group bred and raised water buffalo while others cultivated crops such as rice, barley, wheat and pearl millet; they also ... nevertheless their fine features and well-turned limbs produced a tout ensemble of beauty, not to be surpassed perhaps in the ...
Despite having never been bred towards a written breed standard until recent times, most Gotland rabbits share a distinctive ... Gotland rabbit breeders strive to produce animals that can consist on natural types of feed, mainly a good quality hay, which ... List of rabbit breeds. References[edit]. *^ Nordens Ark on Gotland rabbits (in Swedish) Archived 2012-08-04 at the Wayback ... As a formal breed[edit]. The modern Gotland rabbit originates from these populations, the studbook having been closed since a ...
Metaphony produced by final /a/ and by final /o/ (usually produced [ʊ]). All the diverse productions are considered admissible ... Mary of Iria, by Rui Vasques), religious books, legal studies, and a treaty on horse breeding.[28] Prose literary creation in ... producing the medieval Galician-Portuguese lyric. The divergence has continued to this day, producing the modern languages of ... In the coastal western areas the opposition is /ʃ/ - /s/, /s/ being produced in some regions as a laminal or in some others as ...
Gregor Mendel is today recognized as the "Father of Modern Genetics" for his work with the cross breeding of pea plants (Pisum ... The sweet pea is also susceptible to ethylene in quantities produced by senescing plants. Because of this, growers are ... Scottish nurseryman Henry Eckford (1823-1905) cross-bred and developed the sweet pea, turning it from a rather insignificant if ... from the cross of two pure-breeding white strains which gave rise to a blue hybrid, the blue colour requiring two genes derived ...
"Breed Sci. 64 (1): 48-59. doi:10.1270/jsbbs.64.48. PMC 4031110 . PMID 24987290.. ... As weather is a limiting factor for producing cauliflower, the plant grows best in cool daytime temperatures 70-85 °F (21-29 °C ... Transplantable cauliflowers can be produced in containers as flats, hotbeds, or in the field. In soil that is loose, well- ... "Glucosinolate metabolism, functionality and breeding for the improvement of Brassicaceae vegetables" ...
They do not produce toxins themselves.[16] They get toxins from what they eat. They eat insects in their habitat. These insects ... swamps and lakes to breed.[15]p10 Male frogs and toads may croak to attract a female. When a female frog has chosen a mate, the ... Amphibians do not produce batrachotoxin in captivity, which means that it is not harmful to touch them. The American Indian ... The mucus will harden to keep the water it produces from escaping. Once the desert frog has done this, it will stay in its ...
Almost all domestic duck breeds derive from the mallard, with the exception of a few Muscovy breeds.[125] Mallards are ... When taking off, the wings of a mallard produce a characteristic faint whistling noise.[38] ... While the keeping of domestic breeds is more popular, pure-bred mallards are sometimes kept for eggs and meat,[129] although ... The mallard (/ˈmælɑːrd, ˈmælərd/) (Anas platyrhynchos) is a dabbling duck that breeds throughout the temperate and subtropical ...
... whose eggs and young were rarely seen by humans because it breeds in the remote Arctic.[33] ... degrading to the condition of nothing more than sperm-producing cells.[15] ...
This breed's main purpose is for show, but in its past, it was raised for its white pelt. Also, they are the only rabbit breed ... because Himalayans can only produce eumelanin under a certain temperature and they cannot produce pheomelanin at all.) ... Differences between other breeds[edit]. *Himalayans are the only breed posed stretched out (cylindrical) ... They are the only cylindrical rabbit breed. The history of the breed is partially a mystery, as there are no definite records ...
A gland attached to the sac produces the ink, and the sac stores it. The sac is close enough to the funnel for the octopus to ... During breeding, the male uses a specially adapted arm to deliver a bundle of sperm directly into the female's mantle cavity, ... Cirrate octopuses cannot produce jet propulsion and rely on their fins for swimming. They have neutral buoyancy and drift ... The physical principle behind this is that the force required to accelerate the water through the orifice produces a reaction ...
A transgenic can later be bred to homozygosity and maintained as an inbred line to reduce the need to confirm the genotypes of ... Hemizygosity must not be confused with haploinsufficiency, which describes a mechanism for producing a phenotype. For organisms ... True breeding organisms are always homozygous for the traits that are to be held constant. ... for the recessive allele producing white flowers in pea plants). The genotype of an organism that is homozygous-recessive for a ...
The brolga breeds throughout its range in Australia and New Guinea. The start of the breeding season is largely determined by ... There is a single brood produced per year. The clutch size is usually two, but occasionally one or three eggs[18] are laid ... Although the bird breeds well in the wild, it has proved much more problematic to get it to breed while in captivity.[5] ... wet meadows and other wetlands where they breed.[10] In south-west Victoria, breeding sites during and immediately after spring ...
... and is commonly used in the United Kingdom as a sire to produce market lambs from pure-bred ewes and mules. The Charollais ... The lambs have a rapid growth rate and ewe lambs can be bred at seven months. "Charollais". Breeds of Livestock. Oklahoma State ... "Charollais/France". Breed Data Sheet. Domestic Animal Diversity Information System. Retrieved 2009-08-28. "Breed history". ... The pure bred ram is willing to mate for most of the year and is long-lived. Many rams are still working when aged seven and ...
Foolad, M. R. (2007). "Current Status Of Breeding Tomatoes For Salt And Drought Tolerance". Advances in Molecular Breeding ... As well as aiming to produce novel crops, scientists produce genetically modified tomatoes to understand the function of genes ... The fruits produced were not visibly damaged after being stored at room temperature for 45 days, whereas unmodified tomatoes ... Wild tomatoes are small, green and largely unappetizing,[2] but after centuries of breeding there are now thousands of ...
Multiple tornadoes produced by the same storm cell are referred to as a "tornado family".[21] Several tornadoes are sometimes ... This unique topography allows for frequent collisions of warm and cold air, the conditions that breed strong, long-lived storms ... Most tornadoes produce strong winds at the surface while the visible funnel is still above the ground, so it is difficult to ... Storms that produce tornadoes can feature intense updrafts, sometimes exceeding 150 mph (240 km/h). Debris from a tornado can ...
It is generally believed that larger fish have a greater breeding potential. Some fisheries have a slot limit that allows the ... Slot Limits vary from lake to lake depending on what local officials believe would produce the best outcome for managing fish ...
The remaining trio then produced 3 more clear rounds to tie for first place with Australia on zero penalties. The jump-off saw ... Lantinus also topped the WBFSH World Breeding Rankings of 2008. ...
Modern ruminant herbivores produce methane as a byproduct of foregut fermentation in digestion, and release it through belching ... The kakapo, the world's biggest parrot, which is flightless, now only exists in managed breeding sanctuaries. New Zealand's ... who intensified their labor to produce more food per unit of area (thus, per laborer); arguing that agricultural involvement in ... "Could methane produced by sauropod dinosaurs have helped drive Mesozoic climate warmth?". Current Biology. 22 (9): R292-R293. ...
Breeding[edit]. Although lentils have been an important crop for centuries, lentil breeding and genetic research has a ... orientalis are crossable and produce fully fertile seed. Between the different related species hybridisation barriers exist. ... "Indian Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding (The). 76 (4): 530. doi:10.5958/0975-6906.2016.00071.7. ISSN 0019-5200.. ... Since the inception of The International Center for Agriculture Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA) breeding programme in 1977 ...
BreedingEdit. Mayson, a bay horse with a white snip[1] was foaled on 16 May 2008 and is a son of Haydock Sprint Cup winner ... Invincible Spirit has produced a number of top sprinters, including July Cup winner Fleeting Spirit and multiple Group 1 winner ... Mayson was bred at David Armstrong's Highfield Farm stud[2] near Coppull in Lancashire[3] and is the first foal of his dam, ...
The half-breed jackal-dogs were difficult to train and were bred back to huskies to produce quarter-breed hybrids (quadroons). ... The breeding of wolf-dog crosses is controversial, with opponents purporting that it produces an animal unfit as a domestic pet ... is not upheld by breed documentation.[who?] The Australian cattle dog and Stumpy-tail Cattle Dog breeds are known to have been ... The dingo (Canis lupus dingo) breeds freely with other domestic dogs. This is now so widespread that in some areas, dingoes are ...
A cross between a shedding breed and a poodle (which does not shed much) does not reliably produce a nonshedding dog. Traits of ... "Curly-Coated Retriever Dog Breed". PawCulture. Retrieved 24 February 2020.. *^ "Breed Profile: The Pudelpointer". Gun Dog. 10 ... La Centrale Canine: Poodle Breed Standard. Retrieved 15 January 2018 *^ a b "Breed Information Centre Poodle (Standard)". KC. ... Most breeds have hairs in all different stages of the growth-shed cycle at the same time. A few breeds [incl. poodle] have all ...
This produces about 70% of the rice crop grown in a given year.[17] Crucially, the (debated) shortfall in rice production in ... In the dry season, partially drained tanks became a further breeding area for malaria-vector mosquitoes.[57] Tank and river ... Some land produced more than one crop a year, sometimes rice in one season and other crops in another, reducing rice's yearly ... Adding 800,000 to Sen's figure of 2.7 to 3 million for 1943-1946 produces a total of 3.5 to 3.8 million famine-related deaths.[ ...
Mean breeding values for milk of Holstein cows increased by 4,829 lbs during this period.[57] High producing cows are ... Breeding in domestic animals is primarily assortative breeding (see selective breeding). Without the sorting of individuals by ... In the well established breeds, that are commonly bred, a large gene pool is present. For example, in 2004, over 18,000 Persian ... Inbreeding is a technique used in selective breeding. For example, in livestock breeding, breeders may use inbreeding when ...
... s produce a great variety of vocalizations, notably the extended songs of the humpback whale. Although whales are ... Small whales, such as belugas, are sometimes kept in captivity and trained to perform tricks, but breeding success has been ... See also: Right whale § Courtship and reproduction, and Fin whale § Breeding. Whales are fully aquatic creatures, which means ... Small whales are known to engage in complex play behaviour, which includes such things as producing stable underwater toroidal ... - Educational resources for plant breeding and genomics (Inggeris) ... Genetic Changes in the Growth of Coho Salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) in Marine Net-Pens, Produced by Ten Years of Selection. ... Selective breeding to improve aquaculture production. World Aquaculture, 28, 33-45. Gjedrem, G & Baranski, M. 2009. Selective ... Development of rainbow trout broodstock by selective breeding. Transactions of the Americans Fisheries Society, 85: 93-101. ...
"Zorse Breed Description". Breeding References. EquinePost. Diarsip saka sing asli ing 2011-07-10.. ... Megersa, B; Biffa, D; Kumsa, B (13 February 2007). "A mysterious zebra-donkey hybrid (zedonk or zonkey) produced under natural ...
"73RD British Bred 2 YEAR OLD PRODUCE STAKES Final". Greyhound Board of Great Britain. "2020 produce final". Greyhound Board of ... The British Bred Produce Stakes is a greyhound racing competition held annually at Swindon Stadium. It was inaugurated in 1946 ... The following year it was renamed the Western Two-Year Old Produce Stakes in order to distinguish the event as a produce event ... "Produce Stakes Last Event Before Swindon Switch". Greyhound Star. Barnes, Julia (1988). Daily Mirror Greyhound Fact File, page ...
Breeding for robust cows that produce healthier milk: RobustMilk - Volume 4 Issue 3 - R. F. Veerkamp, L. Kaal, Y. de Haas, J. D ... Journal of Animal Breeding and Genetics 123, 218-223.. Singh, TK, Drake, MA, Cadwallader, KR 2003. Flavor of cheddar cheese: a ... In Breeding for robustness in cattle (ed. RR Marija Klopcic, J Philipsson and A Kuipers), p. 288, EAAP Scientific Series-ISSN ... Breeding for behavioural change in farm animals: practical, economic and ethical considerations. Animal Welfare 19, 17-27. ...
Emerging breeding tools, like gene editing, open up exciting new possibilities for the creation of the next crop varieties. ... of breeding technology in non-technical language to help us set a vision of how technology might be employed in the produce and ... With the need to feed an ever-expanding population, one area of technology we need to look more closely at is plant breeding. ...
Program Uses Genetics to Bolster Grape Breeding. Program Uses Genetics to Bolster Grape Breeding. By Christina Herrick,November ... "Were quickly coming to the point where we are able to meet some of our grape breeding objectives very early on, before growing ... Reisch says the next steps within the VitisGen2 project are to implement the marker-selected traits in the breeding program ... and/or black rot disease resistance at once so that breeders can select and breed at a much faster pace. "We have the ability ...
... hyper-producing Rhodococcus ruber strain LUV30-06 was bred by mutagenization on the starting strain CGMCC3090 with ultraviolet ... A nitrile hydratase (NHase) hyper-producing Rhodococcus ruber strain LUV30-06 was bred by mutagenization on the starting strain ... Breeding of NHase hyper-producing Rhodococcus ruber strain LUV30-06 and verification of mutants by RAPD () ... Wang, S. , Wang, M. and Wang, Q. (2013) Breeding of NHase hyper-producing Rhodococcus ruber strain LUV30-06 and verification of ...
One of the highlights of the Groundnut Breeding Program has been the rapid identification and release of high-oil lines from ... Apart from the high-oleic trait, the breeding program has also obtained lines that present other traits, such as disease ... available at ICRISATs groundnut breeding program, 47 superior lines with high kernel oil content were identified and shared ...
... a method for breeding hens and eggs obtained thereby. The feed is mixed with 5 to 200 portions of oil obtained by squeezing ... This invention relates to feed for a hen producing eggs containing DHA, ... FEED FOR A HEN PRODUCING EGGS CONTAINING DHA, A METHOD FOR BREEDING HENS AND AN EGG PRODUCED THEREBY ... 5. An egg produced by the hen bred by the method according to claim 4, containing 0.12 wt % to 0.38 wt % of DHA. 6. An egg ...
... to better understand how they efficiently produce energy from lignocellulose. In that context, a powerful analytical method was ... GC×GC-TOFMS for the Analysis of Metabolites Produced by Termites (Reticulitermes flavipes) Bred on Different Carbon Sources. ... "GC×GC-TOFMS for the Analysis of Metabolites Produced by Termites (Reticulitermes flavipes) Bred on Different Carbon Sources." ... GC-TOFMS for the Analysis of Metabolites Produced by Termites (Reticulitermes flavipes) Bred on Different Carbon Sources. ...
When polar bears and grizzlies breed, they can produce fertile offspring. Why cant other species?. By Christine Clisset ... Why can polar bears breed with grizzlies? Scientists confirmed last week that a bear shot by an Inuvialuit hunter in the ... Why can some interbreeding species produce fertile offspring, while others-like horses and donkeys-cannot? ... and it seems quite possible that the pizzlies resulted from breeding pairs that met on ice, rather than on land. ...
... breed,of,vaccine-producing,plants,to,fight,human,diseases,worldwide,biological,biology news articles,biology news today,latest ... Arntzens research focuses now on producing vaccines in tomatoes to...Ongoing research is focused on development of minimal ... Growing new breed of vaccine-producing plants to fight human diseases worldwide ... Survival of the fastest: scientists selectively breed winning Formula One cars. 11. Cranberry breeding program may soon bear ...
Viewpoint: Why GMOs? Biotechnology yields a drought-tolerant rice that conventional breeding couldnt produce - Genetic ... Home Biotechnology Viewpoint: Why GMOs? Biotechnology yields a drought-tolerant rice that conventional breeding couldnt... ... In general, genes need to be in tight coordination to produce proteins and carry out functions optimally. This is a very harsh ... The plants with the extra D1 copy had a 17%-49% faster photosynthesis rate and produced 40%-80% more biomass. The GM rice ...
Crops produced using some these techniques cannot be distinguished from their conventionally bred counterpart and therefore ... Many new plant breeding techniques such as cisgenesis, intragensis and genome editing are currently applied as potential ... New Plant Breeding Techniques to produce New Improved Crops Author: Dr. Suresh Kaushik Innovation in plant breeding is ... New Plant Breeding Techniques to produce New Improved Crops. By: Dr. Suresh Kaushik , Category: Biotech-Research , Date: 2017- ...
... to find out why prawns bred in captivity did not go on to breed well. ... Ms Marsden compared the bedroom behaviour of captive-bred prawns with wild prawns and observed combinations of captive-bred ... to find out why prawns bred in captivity did not go on to breed well. ... "It was suspected that prawns bred in captivity werent interested in sex but very little was known about why this was the case ...
Q&A: We need to produce different food, not more Health, ability to withstand climate change, economic resilience all ... Network set to boost plant breeding technique. By Peter Wamboga-Mugirya. [BUJUMBURA] Public and private agricultural research ... Network set to boost plant breeding technique. By Peter Wamboga-Mugirya. [BUJUMBURA] Public and private agricultural research ... The method reduces the risk of disease and produces more uniform crops that grow at the same rate. ...
bred synonyms, bred pronunciation, bred translation, English dictionary definition of bred. brought about; engendered; raised: ... born and bred in Iowa Not to be confused with: bread - a food; to coat with bread crumbs: bread the pork chops Abused,... ... breed. (briːd) - past tense, past participle bred (bred) - verb. 1. to produce young. Rabbits breed often. voortplant, aanteel ... breed. (brid) v. bred, breed•ing, n. v.t. 1. to produce (offspring); procreate. ...
Humans have been breeding dogs for millennia. But that effort is about to move a quantum leap forward following the recent ... This 30-Ton Robot Could Help Scientists Produce the Crops of the Future. ... Humans have been breeding dogs for millennia. But that effort is about to move a quantum leap forward following the recent ...
Information about the UC Davis Public Strawberry Breeding Program and its importance for California agriculture is provided in ... Meet Cosmo, a Bull Calf Designed to Produce 75% Male Offspring. July 23, 2020. ... What is the mission of the UC Davis Public Strawberry Breeding Program? The mission of the applied public breeding program is ... What are the current locations for the public breeding program?. The UC Public Strawberry Breeding Program operates out of four ...
Renaissance Yeast uses classical breeding to develop its hydrogen sulfide (H2S)-preventing yeast strains. We have currently ... About Classical Breeding The natural ability to mate and exchange genetic material makes yeast amenable to classical breeding ... Importantly, classical breeding does not involve any direct manipulation of genetic material; therefore, classically bred ... In this way, the ubiquitous use of classical breeding has been used to create many of the things familiar to life today: modern ...
There are now over 3000 different, distinctive color and pattern combinations that have been created by selective breeding most ... Males can be bred when they start producing sperm plugs which typically happens after they are around one year old and 700 ... Breeding * {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/\/images\/thumb\/d\/d3\/Breed-Ball-Pythons-Step-5.jpg\/v4-460px-Breed-Ball- ... Not exactly! This snake is too young and small for breeding. The ball python breeding process is demanding, so do not breed a ...
These kinds of differences can be used in breeding programmes to breed salmon that are better able to produce marine omega-3 ... Breeding for more omega-3 in salmon Breeding and genetics New findings have revealed differences in the heritability of EPA and ... Can produce the healthy fatty acids. Salmon can actually increase the amount of healthy omega-3 fatty acids in their bodies, by ... In fresh water, wild salmon need to produce marine omega-3 fatty acids themselves, because they do not have access to them in ...
Intestinal bacteria produce electric current from sugar. September 18, 2018 Intestinal bacteria can create an electric current ... Comparison of four breeding methodologies: Conventional breeding mainly relies on hybridation. Transgenesis uses genes from ... "An important aim of breeding is to make agriculture more sustainable. Genome editing can, for example, help when breeding for ... Proposal for the assessment of new methods in plant breeding. February 15, 2016, Max Planck Society ...
With over 400 various breeds, the horse is one extremely diverse species - some have been bred for specific tasks, others for ... beauty, some even just for play! Allow us to break down just a few of these beautiful breeds... ... PRODUCED BY © 2020 WNET. All rights reserved.. PBS is a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization. ... breedsEquusEquus caballusEquus Story of the HorseHorsehorse breeds. *. Heather Toner , @CharmedNature ...
... social animals can benefit in the reproductive stakes even if they dont breed themselves by helping to rear offspring produced ... Elephant seal supermoms produce most of the population, study finds. 14 hours ago ... How do these animals pass on the genes that make them so altruistic, if they are not breeding themselves or rearing genetically ... More than 1000 wasps were monitored over a five-month breeding period. The wasps were tagged with paint marks and DNA-tested ( ...
Join Our Award Winning Produce Delivery (CSA) Program. Now is the time to join our Community Support Agriculture (CSA) program ... All of Andrews pigs are heritage breeds, but the Ossabaws are especially notable. The breed is basically feral. Theyre said ... GCF Offers Heritage Breeds from Spring House Farm. April 14, 2015. by Mark Dewey ... Sargent Major is a cross between the Ossabaw breed and the Large Black, which is bigger and more docile than the Ossabaw. He ...
Point coloration is inherent to the Siamese breed and some other closely related breeds but with most other breeds the ... In horses, point coloration is produced by the action of the agouti gene. It acts on the extension gene, when present, to ... Rabbit breeds[edit]. Breeds of rabbit that include varieties with point coloration include:[6][7] ... Any horse breed may have point coloration with the exception of a very small number of horse breeds where humans have ...
... breed of medium-wool, dark-faced, hornless sheep originating in the Sussex hills of England. The oldest of all British breeds ... Its fleece is close and is the finest of the British breeds; but, though white and of good ... hardy; produces superior fleece. Rambouillet. fine. developed in France from the 18th century, now also in U.S.. smooth-bodied ... See the Table of Selected Breeds of Sheep for further information.. Selected breeds of sheep. name. type of wool. distribution ...
These dogs dont shed, have no or shorter hair, are smaller in size or produce a smaller amount of dander. Some of these breeds ... Hypoallergenic Dog Breeds. There is a list of hypoallergenic dog breeds that are supposed to cause fewer allergic reactions in ... The Allergens Produced by Dogs. While many people believe that dog allergies are due to canine hair, the real allergen is a ... Even dogs that have short hair or no hair at all will produce dander and secret the glycoprotein in the saliva and urine. ...
Declining Nutritional Value of Produce Due to High Yield Selective Seed Breeding.. Research study shows only heirloom organic ... Heres How to Use Your Summer Produce Haul in a Simple, Flavorful Pasta Dish. ... breeds nutritionally complete. One look at a big, red tomato and one can almo… ...
Do Long Haired Cats Produce More Allergens? All cats can potentially trigger an allergic reaction regardless of the length of ... Siamese cats are distinctly different from other breeds of cats. As anyone who has kept a Siamese cat will know, ...
The cows produce 80 per cent of Brazils milk, and Venezuela is following Brazils lead. Cleves says Girolandos produce an ... Bos taurus (originating in Europe) breed. Holstein cows are the most popular breed among farmers and a well-respected breed ... Cleves proposes to breed Girolando cattle, a dairy breed created in Brazil by crossing Gyr cattle with Holstein cows. Gyr ... Thats more than seven times the amount produced by Sangre Grande cattle farmer Julian Reyes cows. They produce just seven ...
  • Emerging breeding tools, like gene editing, open up exciting new possibilities for the creation of the next crop varieties. (
  • Sacks' team also used genetic information from apple studies to identify acidity in wild and hybrid grapes, which will also help boost breeding for more palate-pleasing varieties. (
  • The mission of the applied public breeding program is to develop superior varieties that are available to the entire California strawberry industry. (
  • Strawberry varieties developed at UC Davis produce about 60 percent of the strawberries consumed worldwide. (
  • Both sides have agreed that strawberry plants bred with unreleased UC strawberry varieties will be transferred to and are owned by the UC Davis Public Strawberry Breeding Program where the plants will be evaluated and, if deemed suitable, released to the public. (
  • Both sides also agreed that UC owns varieties developed by the UC Davis Public Strawberry Breeding Program and that CBC retains its interests in certain varieties it bred. (
  • Using genome engineering methods one can also precisely replace genes of one species with genes of other varieties or close relatives - which is one goal of conventional breeding as well. (
  • For registration of new varieties, documentation regarding these points should be included, but otherwise, genome edited plants should be treated like conventionally bred varieties. (
  • The European Union has not finalized their assessment, but in both Germany and Sweden the responsible authorities have already declared, that certain genome-edited varieties are in principle the same as products of conventional breeding. (
  • Produced by the mating of individuals of different breeds, varieties, or species. (
  • From breeding new varieties that will wow consumers, to marketing those varieties to get them to people's plates, they're offering farmers, producers and consumers foods that taste better, have longer growing seasons and are more resistant to threats from diseases, insects and weather. (
  • Researchers might give their budding varieties unique names, says Mary Kreitinger, executive director of the Vegetable Breeding Institute in the plant breeding and genetics section of SIPS. (
  • This approach dramatically reduces the time required to identify varieties or breeds which express the desired trait in a breeding program. (
  • Red and black varieties are considered separate breeds in the United States, but have similar characteristics, which is why they were combined. (
  • Plant-breeding techniques are used to develop new hybrids and varieties of crops that can improve yields. (
  • In other words, genes determine 26% of the variation in fatty acid content in muscle tissue, meaning there is great potential in increasing this fatty acid through selective breeding. (
  • We know that this is a heritable trait, meaning it is possible to increase omega-3 content through selective breeding. (
  • Any horse breed may have point coloration with the exception of a very small number of horse breeds where humans have specifically used selective breeding to eliminate the agouti gene. (
  • You are right, selective breeding is not gentic engineering. (
  • The Russian fox breeding experiment produced docile animals, much as selective breeding over millennia produce domestic dogs. (
  • The possibility of selective breeding to produce cattle that are consistently low methane emitters is being explored by an international team of scientists led by the University of Aberdeen. (
  • Scientists have been searching for a way to create surrogate sires for decades to overcome the limitations of selective breeding and artificial insemination, tools which require either animal proximity or strict control of their movement-and in many cases, both. (
  • This technology has great potential to help food supply in places in the developing world, where herders still have to rely on selective breeding to improve their stock, said Irina Polejaeva, a professor at Utah State University. (
  • With the help of AmpSeq, Reisch hopes to be able to screen several wild species that have traits for cold hardiness and downy mildew, anthracnose, and/or black rot disease resistance at once so that breeders can select and breed at a much faster pace. (
  • The AFRI program area of Plant Health and Production and Plant Products supports projects on foundational knowledge of agricultural production systems, pests and beneficial species in agricultural production systems, physiology of agricultural plants, and plant breeding for agricultural production. (
  • Why can some interbreeding species produce fertile offspring, while others-like horses and donkeys-cannot? (
  • At its core, classical breeding involves mating two members of a species (plant, yeast, or animal)-each of whom possesses one or more different and desirable traits-in order to create a hybrid individual possessing both traits. (
  • With over 400 various breeds, the horse is one extremely diverse species - some have been bred for specific tasks, others for beauty, some even just for play! (
  • Select the species you would like to breed. (
  • The ratio of juvenile to adult birds caught on CESs provides a second measure of breeding success that also takes into account the number of successful breeding attempts made per adult (as many species attempt to rear more than one brood per season) and the survival of young birds immediately after fledging. (
  • CES covers 24 woodland, scrub and reedbed species, while NRS covers 150 species breeding across all habitats, from gardens to remote hillsides. (
  • A visit from ex-Hurricane Bertha livened things up towards the end of the season, but by this time the majority of species had finished breeding. (
  • See specific breed name for further descriptions and under species for list of breeds. (
  • Gecko Time: Should We Breed Popular Gecko Species? (
  • The research team combined Breeding Bird Survey data with powerful computer models to discover changes in breeding range for 32 species of birds found in eastern North America. (
  • The industry came to us [at the start of VitisGen] and said there were three major needs: cold-hardiness we were hearing especially from the Eastern parts of the industry, fruit and wine quality, and powdery mildew resistance," says Bruce Reisch, Professor of Grapevine Breeding and Genetics at Cornell University. (
  • The discovery of the law of genetics by Gregor Mendel about 150 years ago enhanced the speed of plant breeding. (
  • Grant Brereton, a leading authority on poultry plumage genetics examines the Barred Wyandotte and provides some tips on their genetics and breeding. (
  • I could rattle off 50 different cultivars of butternut squash, but most are sold under the commodity name of 'butternut squash,'" says Michael Mazourek, Ph.D. '08, associate professor in the plant breeding and genetics section of SIPS. (
  • Specializes in the genetics and breeding of Texas Longhorn cattle with operations near Johnson City, Pontotoc, and Dumont, Texas. (
  • Researchers at Climate Adaptive Genetics are breeding Angus cattle that will be white-haired instead of black for improved heat tolerance. (
  • Climate Adaptive Genetics selected Silver Galloway as the source for the white hair gene because the breed also has a black hide underneath, which will help reduce sunburns. (
  • As part of the developments towards broader breeding goals, the RobustMilk project was designed to develop new practical technologies to allow breeders to re-focus their selection to include milk quality and dairy cow robustness and to evaluate the consequences of selection for these traits taking cognisance of various milk production systems. (
  • Here we introduce the background to robustness, the value of expanding milk quality analysis (including the possibility of using milk quality characteristics as proxy measures for robustness traits), interactions between robustness and milk quality traits and the need for different breeding tools to enable delivery of these concepts to the industry. (
  • Reisch says the next steps within the VitisGen2 project are to implement the marker-selected traits in the breeding program with those traits in mind. (
  • Apart from the high-oleic trait, the breeding program has also obtained lines that present other traits, such as disease resistance, drought tolerance and high oil yields. (
  • Many new plant breeding techniques such as cisgenesis, intragensis and genome editing are currently applied as potential alternative to transgenesis to generate engineered crops with various new traits. (
  • Instead, classical breeding only requires the ability to identify traits of interest in an organism, successfully mate individuals expressing said traits, and then isolate hybrid offspring. (
  • As is the case for all sexually reproducing organisms, mating provides a natural means for individual cells to exchange genetic material and produce hybrid offspring that combine multiple different traits. (
  • When breeders endeavor to "set a look" with a particular breed, they concentrate on working with cats that possess the desirable traits they want in their line. (
  • The aim of plant breeding is to continually improve advantageous traits in order to make our crops more resistant against fungal infection, to help them cope better with drought or to thrive with less fertilizer. (
  • When plant breeder Phillip Griffiths started at CALS in 1999, he says, he and his colleagues focused almost exclusively on breeding plants for disease resistance, higher yields and the other traits growers wanted. (
  • When researchers cross-breed plants to enhance or minimize certain traits, it's a genetic gamble to land the winning combination of characteristics. (
  • Methods for producing a maize plant containing in its genetic material one or more traits introgressed into PH25M1 through backcross conversion and/or transformation, and to the maize seed, plant and plant part produced thereby. (
  • Marker-assisted breeding uses DNA markers associated with desirable traits to select a plant or animal for inclusion in a breeding program early in their development. (
  • For the first time, scientists have created pigs, goats and cattle that can serve as viable "surrogate sires," male animals that produce sperm carrying only the genetic traits of donor animals. (
  • Breeds are grouped together because they share traits of form and function or a common heritage. (
  • On May 24, 2017, a federal jury in San Francisco ruled in favor of the University of California in its lawsuit with the two former UC Davis strawberry breeders and their private breeding company, California Berry Cultivars. (
  • The jurors unanimously decided that the two breeders willfully infringed UC patents, breached duties of loyalty and fiduciary duty owed to UC, and converted plant material owned by the UC Davis Public Strawberry Breeding Program to develop berries for their corporate breeding firm, which they established along with several large commercial nurseries and growers. (
  • What are the usual elements that breeders consider when breeding for type? (
  • While females as small as 1200 grams have been successfully bred, [1] X Research source most breeders recommend that females be at least 3 years old and 1700 grams in order to breed. (
  • Mill Ridge Farm is offering a special deal for breeders who have bred to grade I winner Johar in the past or are sending multiple mares by offering them seasons at $5,000 each. (
  • Breeders home and abroad are on a constant quest to produce Barred Wyandottes akin to the finely barred Rocks, but the rounded feathers of the Wyandotte make this rather challenging. (
  • When paired with a Barred female, a dark-Barred male will produce the following: Barred females, Black females, light-Barred males, and dark-Barred males (as himself), so you can see why it's an unattractive prospect for breeders. (
  • However, to call them 'Pullet-breeders' isn't quite correct, because to be given the prestige title of 'Pullet- breeder,' the male in question must have proved his worth in the breeding pen and sired excellent pullets. (
  • We are finding that these smaller, hardier and more productive crossbred ewes suited to putting to a high performance terminal sire are in demand from lowland producers and from breeders who wish to breed their own Aberdale replacements. (
  • How do breeders choose which dogs to breed? (
  • It s not so easy for serious dog breeders who are trying to produce sound, healthy puppies that are good examples of their breed. (
  • Marker-assisted breeding is a conventional technique that allows breeders to track genes without using transgenic approaches. (
  • The Australian Poll Gene Marker test which is helping Australian cattle breeders select the best breeding cattle for their herds. (
  • Responsible breeders devote time to learning as much as they can about their breed, about canine health and training, and about AKC rules. (
  • Ask questions of breeders involved in your breed. (
  • Responsible breeders, however, know to avoid "kennel blindness" - in other words, they take a step back and honestly evaluate the good and bad points of their dogs before making the decision to breed. (
  • Responsible breeders learn everything they can about their breed and know all the pros and cons of ownership. (
  • When this herd was put up for sale, a few dedicated breeders decided to save the breed from extinction. (
  • It also would enable breeders in remote regions better access to genetic material of elite animals from other parts of the world and allow more precision breeding in animals such as goats where using artificial insemination is difficult. (
  • Cleves proposes to breed Girolando cattle, a dairy breed created in Brazil by crossing Gyr cattle with Holstein cows. (
  • Holstein cows are the most popular breed among farmers and a well-respected breed globally, having previously held world records for producing the most milk per day. (
  • The cows produce 80 per cent of Brazil's milk, and Venezuela is following Brazil's lead. (
  • That's more than seven times the amount produced by Sangre Grande cattle farmer Julian Reyes' cows. (
  • Russian animal feed and pig meat producer Miratorg Agribusiness Holding has plans to triple its breeding cattle to 112,000 cows by the beginning of 2013 in a bid to start its own beef output, according to reports . (
  • The company shipped 11,500 Aberdeen-Angus cattle from the U.S. and Australia, bringing its breeding cattle to 37,000 cows, said Dmitriy Lgovskiy, head of the company's public relations department. (
  • Miratorg expects its total commercial cattle herd to reach about 265,000 cows, including breeding stock, and its beef output capacity to be about 50,000 metric tons a year after 2014. (
  • Cows produce consistently for around 300 days. (
  • Bulls are sought after for breeding and cows calve easily because of their dominant polled gene. (
  • Countless details fell to him, from selecting the color of uniforms that Cuban soldiers wore in Angola to overseeing a program to produce a superbreed of milk cows. (
  • Producers of cheese from Brown Swiss cows receive more per pound of milk than do producers using other breeds. (
  • Crops produced using some these techniques cannot be distinguished from their conventionally bred counterpart and therefore there are claims that they should be exempted from th. (
  • Crops produced using some these NPBTs cannot be distinguished from their conventionally bred counterpart and therefore there are claims that they should be exempted from the GMOO legislation. (
  • Apart from that, plants changed in this way should not be subject to stricter rules than conventionally bred plants. (
  • Participants, who included farmers, plant scientists and private entrepreneurs, asked the association to create a database to produce and store data on crop-diseases. (
  • For nearly 60 years, Russian scientists have bred foxes to be tame-or aggressive. (
  • The facility is one of more than 50 such USDA-funded research stations nationwide, where scientists are studying climate--resilient produce. (
  • The advance - using gene-editing techniques - could help to boost breeding of endangered birds, as well as improving production of commercial hens, researchers say. (
  • The surrogate chickens are the first gene-edited birds to be produced in Europe. (
  • These birds are 'true-breeding' and it works because barring is 'sex-linked' and the males in question carry both copies of the barring gene. (
  • The primary aim of BTO surveys is to monitor changes in the health of Britain's birds, tracking declines and increases via the BTO/JNCC/RSPB Breeding Bird Survey and exploring the factors driving them through bird ringing and nest recording . (
  • This report provides a preliminary assessment of the number of birds that bred this year and the number of young they reared, based on initial analyses of data collected by bird ringers and nest recorders over the spring and summer. (
  • While the weather may have improved, CES results indicate that 2014 was another poor year in terms of the number of birds returning to the UK to breed. (
  • The largest concentrations of these birds are found in breeding colonies along the coasts of the South Orkney Islands , the South Shetland Islands , and the South Sandwich Islands . (
  • While the Leghorn strain of chicken produces more eggs than other breeds, these birds are quite small and are not a good choice for meat. (
  • this can prevent these birds from producing many eggs. (
  • Clark Rushing, Assistant Professor in the Department of Wildland Resources and Ecology Center, Quinney College of Natural Resources at Utah State University, and colleagues at the U.S. Geological Survey wanted to know how climate change has already affected where birds breed. (
  • Birds that both breed and winter in North America are extending their ranges north to take advantage of new, warm places to breed. (
  • Neotropical migratory birds breed in North America during the summer and migrate to the Caribbean, Central America, and South America for the winter. (
  • In general, genes need to be in tight coordination to produce proteins and carry out functions optimally. (
  • How do these animals pass on the genes that make them so altruistic, if they are not breeding themselves or rearing genetically-related offspring? (
  • As crossbred puppies inherit random genes from each parent's breeds, temperament and size cannot be predicted. (
  • preservation of genes which may be desirable at a later time dictates that the superseded breed be maintained in its pure state. (
  • Will air-layering a grafted tree above the graft produce genes of the rootstock, scion, or both? (
  • As shown below, out of the 160 lines from 'elite genetic resources' available at ICRISAT's groundnut breeding program, 47 superior lines with high kernel oil content were identified and shared with partners in India when high-oil trait was prioritized as a key target trait for markets in India. (
  • A plant with one desirable quality, like taste, crossed with a plant that has another ideal trait, like texture, might produce offspring that has one, both or neither of those qualities. (
  • Gene editing helps decrease the amount of time spent trying to breed for a single trait. (
  • The method reduces the risk of disease and produces more uniform crops that grow at the same rate. (
  • Producing hybrid seeds of crops with GMS has two breeding advantages compared with cytoplasmic male sterility (Rao et al. (
  • Lead researcher Dr Mike McGrew, of the University of Edinburgh's Roslin Institute, said: 'These chickens are a first step in saving and protecting rare poultry breeds from loss in order to preserve future biodiversity of our poultry from both economic and climate stresses. (
  • A ccording to David Scrivener's Popular Poultry Breeds , although an American breed, the Barred variety of Wyandotte was actually created in Germany through crossings of Barred Rocks and Black Wyandottes (as well as possibly Dominiques ). (
  • The term 'Pullet-breeder' is generally (and incorrectly) assigned to the light males, with the thinking being that they only produce Barred pullets rather than both Barred and Black pullets (which is true). (
  • Once a breeder has finished the evaluation of the bitch and thinks she can produce well, he begins the search for the appropriate male to breed her to. (
  • the stud breeder producing usually sires and, to a lesser extent, dams of superior merit for commercial flocks or herds. (
  • If you bought your dog from the breeder, you can ask the breed of the mother, and if they have any idea the breed of the father. (
  • If you have a mix breed, you will have to contact the breeder to find out who the parents of your dog were. (
  • This is the official version of the "perfect" breed specimen and should be the starting place for any breeder. (
  • The motto of the responsible breeder of purebred dogs is "Breed to Improve. (
  • Last August, however, a Brazilian Girolando cow called Marília produced 127.57 litres of milk in three milkings during the 34th Milk Sands Tournament to claim the title. (
  • Cleves says Girolandos produce an average 50 litres of milk a day. (
  • Ludhiana, July 28 (ANI): A crossbred cow in Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University's (GADVASU) dairy farm in Ludhiana sets a national record by producing 10,493 litres of milk in 305 days. (
  • With a distinctive head shape and high tail carriage, the Arabian is one of the most easily recognizable horse breeds in the world and among the most popular. (
  • some occur most often in particular breeds while others can affect cats of any breed. (
  • It is an accepted pattern in some cat registries, but not others, for particular breeds (mostly Siamese-related). (
  • Pioneer Hi-Bred International, Inc. is a U.S.-based producer of seeds for agriculture. (
  • 1970 The company name is changed to Pioneer Hi-Bred International, Inc. 1973 Becomes a publicly traded company. (
  • 2012 Lawsuit regarding pesticides and dust by 200 residents of Waimea, Kauai against Pioneer Hi-Bred International, a DuPont company. (
  • The following year it was renamed the Western Two-Year Old Produce Stakes in order to distinguish the event as a produce event (restricted to puppies from specifically Wales and the West). (
  • In this issue, they explain how they choose which dogs to breed in hopes of meeting their goal to produce puppies that are better examples of the breed than the parent dogs. (
  • Doing a test breeding on paper allows me to evaluate the generations that will be behind the puppies. (
  • Match her with a male who has features that compliment that bitch, with an eye toward producing puppies that come closer to the breed standard. (
  • The best place to start would be a website such as Pure Bred Puppies or Puppy Find. (
  • From the genetic screening and health tests before breeding to the extra food, supplies, and medical care required after the puppies are born, the cost of whelping and raising puppies can be very high, especially if complications arise. (
  • The present invention can provide eggs, which are produced by hens fed with the feed added with oil obtained by squeezing Perilla seeds and with the Perilla seed dregs after being squeezed, highly containing DHA and ALA and has a good health effect compared with the conventional arts and keeping the original taste, lower the costs for breeding, and make the breeding effect better. (
  • 3. Feed for a hen producing eggs containing DHA according to claim 1, comprising 650 to 895 portions of corn and bean dreg as main ingredients and a total of 100 to 150 portions of vitamins, minerals, calcium and phosphorus as supplementary ingredients according to a conventional proportion. (
  • Comparison of four breeding methodologies: Conventional breeding mainly relies on hybridation. (
  • Both techniques are among the standard tools of conventional breeding, whose products can enter the market without authorization. (
  • Genome-editing allows to achieve the same alterations as conventional breeding, but much faster. (
  • The idea of using genetic technology to breed a more heat-tolerant Angus calf came to Warren Gill while he was attending a conference where conventional breeding methods for the task were being discussed. (
  • In a conventional breeding system it might take at least 15 to 20 years to achieve the change being sought. (
  • Sargent Major is a cross between the Ossabaw breed and the Large Black, which is bigger and more docile than the Ossabaw. (
  • Although they are not the most docile breed, Charolais are gentle natured. (
  • Calves grow fast on such nutritious milk and unwanted bull calves produce a lean, well-marbled carcass as steers. (
  • Additionally, Angus calves mature faster than other breeds. (
  • Charolais cattle produce heavy calves. (
  • The breed has superior fertility, calving ease, mothering ability, and growth rate of the calves. (
  • Good longevity also means they produce more calves. (
  • Cloning produces the live calves. (
  • Growing new breed of vaccine-producing plants to fight human diseases. (
  • Plant breeding started about ten thousand years ago by selecting the best plants in the field leading to domestication. (
  • 2015). Cisgenic and intragenic plants are produced by the same transformation techniques as transgenic plants e.g. (
  • The natural ability to mate and exchange genetic material makes yeast amenable to classical breeding techniques, much like what has been done with plants since the dawn of agriculture (approximately 10,000 years ago). (
  • In this way, the ubiquitous use of classical breeding has been used to create many of the things familiar to life today: modern agriculture, domesticated plants and animals, all cat and dog breeds, and many of the existing commonly used industrial yeast strains. (
  • These strawberry plants are part of the research collection of some 1,700 strawberry plants managed by the UC Davis Public Strawberry Breeding Program. (
  • But then came a leap of insight: why not breed vaccines into plants, too? (
  • In other words, biotechnology was used to produce a vaccine against tetanus inside tobacco plants. (
  • And so we proceeded to produce plants. (
  • But the difficulty with GMS is that a pure population of male-sterile plants or seeds cannot be produced by normal crossing procedures. (
  • Each system identifies male-sterile plants from a mixture of male fertile/male-sterile plants produced by these genetic systems. (
  • We found that transgenic tobacco plants carrying a transcription unit containing HC and LC linked by 2A not only produced similar levels of HC and LC but also rendered a higher yield of fully assembled EBOV mAb compared to those expressing HC and LC in two independent transcription units. (
  • The UC Davis Public Strawberry Breeding Program has been a huge success for California. (
  • UC Davis has an unwavering commitment to continue the public breeding program today and into the future. (
  • What is the UC Davis Public Strawberry Breeding Program? (
  • The University of California has been breeding strawberries since the 1930s, and the Strawberry Breeding Program has been located at UC Davis since 1952. (
  • A settlement has been reached in the strawberry breeding dispute between the University of California Regents and California Berry Cultivars (CBC), a private start‐up company formed by strawberry growers and nurseries and including two former UC faculty that ran the UC Davis Public Strawberry Breeding Program. (
  • Not only should the male and his parents be removed from the breeding program, but brothers and sisters of affected cats should be carefully scrutinized as well. (
  • It is best not to use cats with tail abnormalities in a breeding program. (
  • My breeding program is based primarily on my girls. (
  • When considering any dog, male or female, for a breeding program, you must first take two things into consideration. (
  • Dogs selected for a breeding program should have stable temperaments, being neither aggressive or shy. (
  • Both males and females used in a breeding program should have many strong points based on the breed standard, and few weak points. (
  • Susan Brown, Herman M. Cohn Professor of Agriculture and Life Science and head of Cornell's apple breeding program, holds an apple variety used for making rose cider. (
  • Susan Brown, Herman M. Cohn Professor of Agriculture and Life Science and head of Cornell's apple breeding program, tests the firmness of a new apple variety. (
  • The Department of Agriculture-Philippine Carabao Center (PCC) is adopting the DNA marker technology to improve its breeding program. (
  • We have an Al Khamsa Arabian Preservation breeding program at our farm. (
  • Currently they have a A I program with the Angus association breeding cattle to angus bulls the offspring are terminal. (
  • This webinar will provide an overview of breeding technology in non-technical language to help us set a vision of how technology might be employed in the produce and floral industries. (
  • With the need to feed an ever-expanding population, one area of technology we need to look more closely at is plant breeding. (
  • LAKE BUENA VISTA, FLORIDA -- At his presentation at the annual meeting of the American Society of Plant Biologists (ASPB) here July 24, 2004, Arizona State University Professor Charles J. Arntzen explained the newest advances in his research on plant-producing vaccines. (
  • Innovation in plant breeding is essential to meet the challenges of global changes such as climate change and population growth. (
  • BUJUMBURA] Public and private agricultural research centres in ten East and Central African countries will form a network to promote the rapid adoption of a plant breeding method in the region. (
  • Pre-harvest approaches include breeding for resistant maize cultivars, introduction of biocontrol microorganisms, application of phenolic plant extracts, and expression of antifungal proteins and fumonisin degrading enzymes in transgenic maize cultivars. (
  • At the moment, genome-editing is mostly discussed in the context of medical applications, but its use is perhaps even more promising for plant breeding. (
  • Breeds) a crossbred plant or animal, esp an animal resulting from a cross between two pure breeds. (
  • Methods for producing a maize plant that comprise crossing maize variety PH25M1 with another maize plant. (
  • Hybrid maize seed, plant or plant part produced by crossing the variety PH25M1 or a locus conversion of PH25M1 with another maize variety. (
  • 2. A method for producing nucleic acids, the method comprising isolating nucleic acids from the seed, plant, plant part, or cell of claim 1. (
  • 3. A maize seed produced by crossing the plant or plant part of claim 1 with a different maize plant. (
  • 4. A maize plant produced by growing the maize seed of claim 3. (
  • 5. A method for producing a second maize plant comprising applying plant breeding techniques to a first maize plant, or parts thereof, wherein said first maize plant is the maize plant of claim 4, and wherein application of said techniques results in the production of said second maize plant. (
  • and (c) repeating steps (a) and (b) for an additional 2-10 generations to produce the second maize plant. (
  • and (b) doubling the haploid seed to produce the second maize plant. (
  • wherein said seed of inbred maize variety PH25M1 further comprising a locus conversion produces a plant which otherwise has essentially the same phenotypic characteristics as PH25M1 listed in Table 1 when grown in the same environmental conditions. (
  • Although the plant-based expression system has been tested to produce fully assembled recombinant mAbs, coordinately expressing HC and LC at similar levels in a transgenic plant remains a challenge. (
  • This report provides a preliminary assessment of the 2016 breeding season in terms of population sizes and breeding success, comparing this year's results to the averages recorded over the previous five seasons. (
  • The researchers used CRISPR-Cas9 to produce mice, pigs, goats and cattle that lacked a gene called NANOS2 which is specific to male fertility. (
  • What this means is that we want our purebred mares to only be bred to stallions that qualify for the classification of also being Al Khamsa and are, preferrably, part of the Sahanad Preservation Group. (
  • Our stallions may be bred to mares of any breed, and will hopefully also be bred to mares in the Sahanad Preservation Group. (
  • Well, researchers have discovered that if you move those pigs indoors and feed them a steady diet of corn - that is, if you put them in the sort of confinement feeding operation that produces most of the 120 million pigs Americans eat every year - they develop type-2 diabetes, almost all of them. (
  • Researchers say that donor primordial germ cells from other breeds could be implanted into the gene-edited chickens as they are developing inside an egg. (
  • Feb. 8, 2008 -- While the thought of searching for a potential mate at a family reunion might sound repulsive to some, researchers in Iceland report that "kissing cousins" may produce more children and grandchildren than unrelated couples. (
  • Researchers were shocked to find that for women born between 1800 and 1824, marriages between third cousins produced an average of 4.04 children and 9.17 grandchildren, while marriages between eighth cousins or more distantly related couples had averages of only 3.34 children and 7.31 grandchildren. (
  • The researchers crossbred cultivated sunflowers that contained a Bt transgene--a gene taken from the soil-dwelling bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis that produces chemicals toxic to certain insects--with wild, non-Bt sunflowers. (
  • Researchers have bred more than 40 generations of friendly and aggressive foxes. (
  • The male animals were then born sterile but began producing sperm after researchers transplanted stem cells from donor animals into their testes. (
  • The event today is open to British Bred greyhounds only. (
  • Greyhounds are the fastest dog breed there is. (
  • They used data from the Breeding Bird Survey - one of the oldest and longest citizen-science programs in the world - to conduct their research. (
  • The Breeding Bird Survey is fundamental to our understanding and management of wild bird populations in North America. (
  • A team from the Institute have developed a simple protocol to breed fish that are resistant to sea lice, and have produced a mathematical model that predicts that chemical treatment could be unnecessary after 10 generations of selection. (
  • Therefore, the study revealed the importance of total grain filling rate and grain filling duration as indirect selection criteria for genetic improvement of seed yield in sunflower breeding programs especially in early generations. (
  • If you want to selectively breed fish of a particular color or pattern, be sure to place a roughly equal number of males and females of that type only in your aquarium. (
  • This invention relates to feed for a hen producing eggs containing DHA, a method for breeding hens and eggs obtained thereby. (
  • After breeding hens with the feed twice a day for more than four successive weeks, eggs containing 0.12% to 0.38% of DHA are obtained. (
  • 1. Feed for a hen producing eggs containing DHA, being mixed with 5 to 200 portions of oil obtained by squeezing Perilla seeds and dregs of the Perilla seeds to be a total of 1,000 portions. (
  • 2. Feed for a hen producing eggs containing DHA according to claim 1, also being mixed with 0.02 to 0.8 portions of vitamin E and 0.01 to 0.3 portions of green tea polyphenol. (
  • This invention relates to some kind of feed, usage thereof and products provided thereby, more specifically to feed for a hen producing eggs containing DHA, a usage thereof and egg products provided thereby. (
  • Hens that do not produce their own chicks have been developed for use as surrogates to lay eggs from rare breeds. (
  • Hens with the genetic modification were unable to produce eggs but were otherwise healthy, the team found. (
  • The surrogate hens would then grow up to produce eggs containing all of the genetic information from the donor breeds. (
  • The timing of nesting and the number of fledglings reared during each breeding attempt is monitored by over 700 participants in the Nest Record Scheme (NRS) , each of whom locates nests to count the eggs and young inside at regular intervals. (
  • The timing of nesting and the number of fledglings reared during each breeding attempt is monitored by over 600 participants in the Nest Record Scheme (NRS) , who locate nests and count the eggs and young at regular intervals. (
  • Breeding females produce two eggs between late November and early December. (
  • These breeds lay fewer eggs than the Leghorn type but are large enough to provide a good source of meat. (
  • The sperm the surrogate sires produced held only the genetic material of the selected donor animals. (
  • therefore, classically bred organisms are classified as non-genetically modified (non-GMO). (
  • Marker-assisted breeding doesn't produce genetically modified organisms. (
  • The two most important things for a cow to produce milk are water and grass. (
  • While the breed was originally selected for meat, milk and work, today, it is used primarily for beef production. (
  • They have excellent longevity and produce large volumes of milk for a longer period than other breeds. (
  • But before you buy such a puppy, you should know the basics about pet allergies and why you may still experience allergic reactions even in the presence of a hypoallergenic breed such as the Maltese. (
  • There is a list of hypoallergenic dog breeds that are supposed to cause fewer allergic reactions in susceptible people. (
  • However, you should know that even these dogs produce dander and shed the glycoprotein in the dander, saliva and urine, so if you are allergic to dogs, you will be allergic to these hypoallergenic dogs as well. (
  • You may notice that your allergic reactions are diminished in the presence of a hypoallergenic dog breed when compared to a regular breed, but not all allergic people experience this. (
  • Maltese dogs are included on the list of hypoallergenic dog breeds, as they don't shed. (
  • Arden Grange Adult Large Breed is a naturally hypoallergenic recipe for large and giant breed dogs benefitting from boosted joint support. (
  • Humans have been breeding dogs for millennia. (
  • Belyaev believed that by breeding the friendliest foxes with each other, perhaps he could domesticate them, artificially mimicking the millennia-long process through which wolves became dogs. (
  • 1936 Pioneer founds Hy-Line Poultry Farms (later Hy-Line International) to produce hybrid egg-laying chickens. (
  • Breeding the least fearful foxes with each other resulted not only in animals that were eager to seek out a social connection with humans, but also in animals that displayed the suite of anatomical features associated with domestication: those characteristic white spots, curly tails, floppy ears, and so on. (
  • The engineered antibody performed as well as its CHO-produced counterpart. (
  • The technique of cross breeding was followed by hybrid breeding in the 1930s, cell and tissue culture methods in the 1960s and recombinant DNA techniques and genetic engineering in the 1980s. (
  • In addition, female NANOS2 knockout animals remain fertile - since the gene only affects male fertility - and could be bred to efficiently generate sterile males to be used as surrogate sires. (
  • In Holland and Germany, Barred males and females are bred from the same pen, but the males are 'too light' for the UK show bench. (
  • a MUST when thinking about good, sound breeding techniques. (
  • Last week, we reviewed the most common breeds of dairy cattle. (
  • Like the Jersey , Guernsey, Holstein and Ayrshire, the Brown Swiss is a dairy breed and is believed to be the oldest of all. (
  • In the US, the Brown Swiss was declared a dairy breed in 1906. (
  • It is most recognized as the coloration of Siamese and related breeds of cat , but can be found in dogs , rabbits , rats , sheep , guinea pigs and horses as well. (
  • Point coloration in cats originated in the Siamese and closely related Asian breeds, and is found in many Western-developed modern breeds. (
  • Point coloration is inherent to the Siamese breed and some other closely related breeds but with most other breeds the colorpoints (including lynx) were brought into some breed lines long after their establishment, but there are exceptions. (
  • Siamese cats are distinctly different from other breeds of cats. (
  • to breed a mare. (
  • Breed your mare with confidence! (
  • At KGJ Quarter Horses, your mare will have a safe, clean place to stay while being bred. (
  • One solid foal was produced out of a crop out mare. (
  • We offer a live foal and a color guarantee: If you get a solid filly: we'll breed your mare the following year at 1/2 off the breeding fee. (
  • If you have a solid stud colt: we'll breed your mare the following year for FREE! (
  • A permanent printed record of the history of the Kentville Research Station's rhododendron breeding programme does not exist. (
  • All of Andrew's pigs are heritage breeds, but the Ossabaws are especially notable. (
  • Hams from Ossabaw pigs are among the finest available anywhere, but meat is no longer the only reason people are interested in Ossawaws: because the breed has lived and reproduced in isolation for five centuries, its genome has begun to attract attention as well. (
  • Breeding season rainfall varied dramatically between countries and months, however (Figure 1b,c,d). (
  • Rainfall triggered migration to the breeding pool, and males remained at the pool longer than females. (
  • Renaissance Yeast uses classical breeding to develop its hydrogen sulfide (H 2 S)-preventing yeast strains. (
  • crosses between various chicken breeds are also common in these flocks. (
  • This week we'll look at the most common breeds of beef cattle in the United States, considering the same factors - appearance, hardiness, fertility, history and production uses. (
  • This produces offspring that are either wildtype and coloured the same colour as the blastocyst donor (grey) or chimera (mixed) and partially knocked out. (
  • Seeds do not require refrigeration to transport and store, nor a pharmaceutical company to produce them. (
  • Cross-pollinated [F.sub.1] seeds had light-blue grains when the 4E disomic substitution (4D/4E) or addition line was used as the male parent, since the blue grain gene of chromosome 4E also produces a xenia effect (Li et al. (
  • shape like a pyramid with the breed nucleus at the top, supplying to the second echelon, the multiplier, in turn supplying sires to commercial herds. (
  • It is important that the animals you intend to breed are old enough and large enough. (
  • my dog has suddenly started producing large amount of saliva while eating,so much that it foams on his mouth.He had a little bad stomach but now its okay. (
  • Now we know that they are rewarded in the long term, through inheriting large nests and workforces that they could never have produced alone. (
  • Our Large Breed Prairie Red formula is prepared with fresh, never frozen Canadian sources of beef, bison, wild boar, Pacific wild-caught fish and real freeze-dried beef liver for a superior flavor that even the finickiest dogs will crave. (
  • Nutrience Grain Free Subzero Prairie Red for large breed dogs is formulated to meet the nutritional levels established by the AAFCO Dog Food Nutrient Profiles for all life stages, including growth of large size dogs (70 lbs or more as an adult). (
  • Arden Grange large breed benefits from a larger kibble size and increased levels of glucosamine, chondroitin and MSM making it an ideal choice for large breed dogs who need extra help in maintaining strong joints and cartilage. (
  • Why is the Large Breed kibble size bigger than your standard Adult range? (
  • To suit the majority of large and giant breeds who typically have larger mouths (kibble size approximately 23x23x10mm). (
  • What's in the Large Breed variety that makes it different to regular Adult? (
  • Adult Large Breed is a little lower in protein and fat than the regular adult foods. (
  • Do you produce the Large Breed in any other flavours? (
  • No, but the Arden Grange Adult Salmon & Rice is also very popular with the owners of large and giant breeds (kibble size approximately 18x12x5mm). (
  • Can toy breed have large breed dog? (
  • Is the Kuvasz a large breed of dog? (
  • Nutro Max Large Breed Adult Dog Food, 25 lb. (
  • Eukanuba Large Breed Weight Control Dry Dog Food helps overweight large breed adult dogs achieve an ideal weight as well as aids in weight management. (
  • Eukanuba Large Breed Weight Control Dry Dog Food contains 31% less fat than the original Eukanuba Large Breed Adult formula. (
  • The reduced fat formula helps overweight large breed adult dogs achieve an ideal weight as well as aids in weight management. (
  • is this better than the excel lamb and rice large breed? (
  • But chloroplasts still have a small genome and produce a lot of their own proteins, especially the ones involved in photosynthesis. (
  • With the use of molecular markers, genome mapping and sequencing, so called smart breeding started in the late 1990s. (
  • 4. A method for breeding hens in which any one of the feed according to claims 1 to 3 is fed to hens twice a day for four successive weeks. (
  • 2. to keep animals for the purpose of breeding young. (
  • It is best to be sure of the sex of the animals you intend to breed. (
  • Animals that choose not to reproduce, but instead help non-relatives to breed, represent a challenge to evolutionary theory. (
  • According to Inclusive Fitness Theory, social animals can benefit in the reproductive stakes even if they don't breed themselves by helping to rear offspring produced by a related female, such as their sister or mother (ie social insects such as bees). (
  • The animals are not high quality and would have a lower quality if they breed. (
  • a group of related animals which are genotypically and phenotypically sufficiently similar to produce physically similar offspring when they are mated with each other. (
  • In most countries each breed is managed by a breed society which maintains a register of the animals that are members of the breed, and which animals shall be admitted to the register. (
  • The author's natural, organic approach produces healthier animals whilst reducing feed and health care costs. (
  • Ranks fifth in number of animals among beef breed associations in the United States. (
  • The male animals grew up sterile but otherwise healthy, so when they received transplanted sperm-producing stem cells from other animals, they started producing sperm derived from the donor's cells. (
  • The larger animals have not been bred yet. (
  • I breed dogs and sell them as pets. (
  • Even dogs that have short hair or no hair at all will produce dander and secret the glycoprotein in the saliva and urine. (
  • These dogs don't shed, have no or shorter hair, are smaller in size or produce a smaller amount of dander. (
  • Dog Owner's Guide: BRT: Choosing which dogs to breed to each other? (
  • Which is wonderful since great grandpa was one of the top conformation and performance dogs of his breed! (
  • In my opinion, breeding dogs should not be for the purpose of creating more dogs, but to create better dogs. (
  • Q. What kind of dogs are considered 'low allergy' breeds? (
  • Breeding dogs has been a passion for people through many centuries. (
  • 7. Miniature Horse - Measuring generally between 34-38 inches, these adorable horses are primarily bred to play. (
  • In horses, point coloration is produced by the action of the agouti gene. (
  • Breeding colonies also occur on the Antarctic Peninsula and on the Balleny Islands between Antarctica and New Zealand . (
  • Chinstrap penguins spend the winter on icebergs in warmer waters and on land north of their breeding colonies. (
  • Our Internet Colony Management (ICM™) system complements our breeding services, comprehensively supporting your colonies. (