Private Sector: That distinct portion of the institutional, industrial, or economic structure of a country that is controlled or owned by non-governmental, private interests.Public Sector: The area of a nation's economy that is tax-supported and under government control.Hospitals, Private: A class of hospitals that includes profit or not-for-profit hospitals that are controlled by a legal entity other than a government agency. (Hospital Administration Terminology, AHA, 2d ed)Private Practice: Practice of a health profession by an individual, offering services on a person-to-person basis, as opposed to group or partnership practice.Privatization: Process of shifting publicly controlled services and/or facilities to the private sector.Health Care Sector: Economic sector concerned with the provision, distribution, and consumption of health care services and related products.Public-Private Sector Partnerships: An organizational enterprise between a public sector agency, federal, state or local, and a private sector entity. Skills and assets of each sector are shared to deliver a service or facility for the benefit or use of the general public.Developing Countries: Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.Delivery of Health Care: The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.Entrepreneurship: The organization, management, and assumption of risks of a business or enterprise, usually implying an element of change or challenge and a new opportunity.Health Care Reform: Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.Social Participation: Involvement in community activities or programs.Financing, Government: Federal, state, or local government organized methods of financial assistance.Hospitals, Public: Hospitals controlled by various types of government, i.e., city, county, district, state or federal.Health Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.Organizations: Administration and functional structures for the purpose of collectively systematizing activities for a particular goal.Patient Participation: Patient involvement in the decision-making process in matters pertaining to health.Health Services Accessibility: The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.Hospitals, Voluntary: Private, not-for-profit hospitals that are autonomous, self-established, and self-supported.United StatesConsumer Participation: Community or individual involvement in the decision-making process.Government: The complex of political institutions, laws, and customs through which the function of governing is carried out in a specific political unit.Financing, Organized: All organized methods of funding.IndiaInterinstitutional Relations: The interactions between representatives of institutions, agencies, or organizations.Health Expenditures: The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.Hospitals, Proprietary: Hospitals owned and operated by a corporation or an individual that operate on a for-profit basis, also referred to as investor-owned hospitals.Health Facilities: Institutions which provide medical or health-related services.Insurance, Health: Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.Government Agencies: Administrative units of government responsible for policy making and management of governmental activities.Contract Services: Outside services provided to an institution under a formal financial agreement.Pharmacies: Facilities for the preparation and dispensing of drugs.Quality of Health Care: The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.Health Facilities, Proprietary: Health care institutions operated by private groups or corporations for a profit.National Health Programs: Components of a national health care system which administer specific services, e.g., national health insurance.Healthcare Financing: Methods of generating, allocating, and using financial resources in healthcare systems.Public Health Administration: Management of public health organizations or agencies.Drugs, Essential: Drugs considered essential to meet the health needs of a population as well as to control drug costs.Investments: Use for articles on the investing of funds for income or profit.Politics: Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.Government Regulation: Exercise of governmental authority to control conduct.Social Marketing: Use of marketing principles also used to sell products to consumers to promote ideas, attitudes and behaviors. Design and use of programs seeking to increase the acceptance of a social idea or practice by target groups, not for the benefit of the marketer, but to benefit the target audience and the general society.Commerce: The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)Facility Regulation and Control: Formal voluntary or governmental procedures and standards required of hospitals and health or other facilities to improve operating efficiency, and for the protection of the consumer.Policy Making: The decision process by which individuals, groups or institutions establish policies pertaining to plans, programs or procedures.Economic Competition: The effort of two or more parties to secure the business of a third party by offering, usually under fair or equitable rules of business practice, the most favorable terms.Universal Coverage: Health insurance coverage for all persons in a state or country, rather than for some subset of the population. It may extend to the unemployed as well as to the employed; to aliens as well as to citizens; for pre-existing conditions as well as for current illnesses; for mental as well as for physical conditions.Health Care Surveys: Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Research Support as Topic: Financial support of research activities.Contraceptive Agents: Chemical substances that prevent or reduce the probability of CONCEPTION.Health Services Research: The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Health Planning: Planning for needed health and/or welfare services and facilities.Cooperative Behavior: The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)CambodiaData Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Health Care Costs: The actual costs of providing services related to the delivery of health care, including the costs of procedures, therapies, and medications. It is differentiated from HEALTH EXPENDITURES, which refers to the amount of money paid for the services, and from fees, which refers to the amount charged, regardless of cost.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Health Benefit Plans, Employee: Health insurance plans for employees, and generally including their dependents, usually on a cost-sharing basis with the employer paying a percentage of the premium.National Health Insurance, United StatesMalaria: A protozoan disease caused in humans by four species of the PLASMODIUM genus: PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM VIVAX; PLASMODIUM OVALE; and PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; and transmitted by the bite of an infected female mosquito of the genus ANOPHELES. Malaria is endemic in parts of Asia, Africa, Central and South America, Oceania, and certain Caribbean islands. It is characterized by extreme exhaustion associated with paroxysms of high FEVER; SWEATING; shaking CHILLS; and ANEMIA. Malaria in ANIMALS is caused by other species of plasmodia.Health Services Needs and Demand: Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.Competitive Bidding: Pricing statements presented by more than one party for the purpose of securing a contract.Acupuncture: The occupational discipline of the traditional Chinese methods of ACUPUNCTURE THERAPY for treating disease by inserting needles along specific pathways or meridians.State Medicine: A system of medical care regulated, controlled and financed by the government, in which the government assumes responsibility for the health needs of the population.Employee Incentive Plans: Programs designed by management to motivate employees to work more efficiently with increased productivity, and greater employee satisfaction.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Poverty: A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.Legislation as Topic: The enactment of laws and ordinances and their regulation by official organs of a nation, state, or other legislative organization. It refers also to health-related laws and regulations in general or for which there is no specific heading.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Patient Acceptance of Health Care: The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.United States Department of Veterans Affairs: A cabinet department in the Executive Branch of the United States Government concerned with overall planning, promoting, and administering programs pertaining to VETERANS. It was established March 15, 1989 as a Cabinet-level position.Financing, Personal: Payment by individuals or their family for health care services which are not covered by a third-party payer, either insurance or medical assistance.Drug Industry: That segment of commercial enterprise devoted to the design, development, and manufacture of chemical products for use in the diagnosis and treatment of disease, disability, or other dysfunction, or to improve function.Antimalarials: Agents used in the treatment of malaria. They are usually classified on the basis of their action against plasmodia at different stages in their life cycle in the human. (From AMA, Drug Evaluations Annual, 1992, p1585)Fees and Charges: Amounts charged to the patient as payer for health care services.Artemisinins: A group of SESQUITERPENES and their analogs that contain a peroxide group (PEROXIDES) within an oxepin ring (OXEPINS).Health Personnel: Men and women working in the provision of health services, whether as individual practitioners or employees of health institutions and programs, whether or not professionally trained, and whether or not subject to public regulation. (From A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)United States Dept. of Health and Human Services: A cabinet department in the Executive Branch of the United States Government concerned with administering those agencies and offices having programs pertaining to health and human services.Hospitals, Veterans: Hospitals providing medical care to veterans of wars.Health Services: Services for the diagnosis and treatment of disease and the maintenance of health.Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Quality Assurance, Health Care: Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. The concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.Health Manpower: The availability of HEALTH PERSONNEL. It includes the demand and recruitment of both professional and allied health personnel, their present and future supply and distribution, and their assignment and utilization.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Health Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.Health Services Administration: The organization and administration of health services dedicated to the delivery of health care.Healthcare Disparities: Differences in access to or availability of medical facilities and services.Federal Government: The level of governmental organization and function at the national or country-wide level.Rural Health Services: Health services, public or private, in rural areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.Cost Control: The containment, regulation, or restraint of costs. Costs are said to be contained when the value of resources committed to an activity is not considered excessive. This determination is frequently subjective and dependent upon the specific geographic area of the activity being measured. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Maternal Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to expectant and nursing mothers.Drug Costs: The amount that a health care institution or organization pays for its drugs. It is one component of the final price that is charged to the consumer (FEES, PHARMACEUTICAL or PRESCRIPTION FEES).Public Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.Physicians: Individuals licensed to practice medicine.Qualitative Research: Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)World Health Organization: A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.Organizational Case Studies: Descriptions and evaluations of specific health care organizations.Community Health Services: Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive health services provided for individuals in the community.Models, Organizational: Theoretical representations and constructs that describe or explain the structure and hierarchy of relationships and interactions within or between formal organizational entities or informal social groups.Efficiency, Organizational: The capacity of an organization, institution, or business to produce desired results with a minimum expenditure of energy, time, money, personnel, materiel, etc.Kenya: A republic in eastern Africa, south of ETHIOPIA, west of SOMALIA with TANZANIA to its south, and coastline on the Indian Ocean. Its capital is Nairobi.BrazilMedicare: Federal program, created by Public Law 89-97, Title XVIII-Health Insurance for the Aged, a 1965 amendment to the Social Security Act, that provides health insurance benefits to persons over the age of 65 and others eligible for Social Security benefits. It consists of two separate but coordinated programs: hospital insurance (MEDICARE PART A) and supplementary medical insurance (MEDICARE PART B). (Hospital Administration Terminology, AHA, 2d ed and A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, US House of Representatives, 1976)Urban Health Services: Health services, public or private, in urban areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.South Africa: A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.Organizational Objectives: The purposes, missions, and goals of an individual organization or its units, established through administrative processes. It includes an organization's long-range plans and administrative philosophy.Social Responsibility: The obligations and accountability assumed in carrying out actions or ideas on behalf of others.Organizational Innovation: Introduction of changes which are new to the organization and are created by management.World Health: The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.PakistanConsumer Satisfaction: Customer satisfaction or dissatisfaction with a benefit or service received.VietnamRwanda: A republic in eastern Africa, south of UGANDA, east of DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO, west of TANZANIA. Its capital is Kigali. It was formerly part of the Belgian trust territory of Ruanda-Urund.Ambulatory Care Facilities: Those facilities which administer health services to individuals who do not require hospitalization or institutionalization.Attitude of Health Personnel: Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.Income: Revenues or receipts accruing from business enterprise, labor, or invested capital.Workplace: Place or physical location of work or employment.International Cooperation: The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.Physician's Practice Patterns: Patterns of practice related to diagnosis and treatment as especially influenced by cost of the service requested and provided.Outcome Assessment (Health Care): Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).Power (Psychology): The exertion of a strong influence or control over others in a variety of settings--administrative, social, academic, etc.Sri LankaUganda: A republic in eastern Africa, south of SUDAN and west of KENYA. Its capital is Kampala.Health Resources: Available manpower, facilities, revenue, equipment, and supplies to produce requisite health care and services.Cost-Benefit Analysis: A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.Research: Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)Foreign Medical Graduates: Physicians who hold degrees from medical schools in countries other than the ones in which they practice.Biomedical Research: Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.Great BritainFamily Planning Services: Health care programs or services designed to assist individuals in the planning of family size. Various methods of CONTRACEPTION can be used to control the number and timing of childbirths.Canada: The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.Zambia: A republic in southern Africa, south of DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO and TANZANIA, and north of ZIMBABWE. Its capital is Lusaka. It was formerly called Northern Rhodesia.Leadership: The function of directing or controlling the actions or attitudes of an individual or group with more or less willing acquiescence of the followers.Costs and Cost Analysis: Absolute, comparative, or differential costs pertaining to services, institutions, resources, etc., or the analysis and study of these costs.Africa South of the Sahara: All of Africa except Northern Africa (AFRICA, NORTHERN).Tanzania: A republic in eastern Africa, south of UGANDA and north of MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Dar es Salaam. It was formed in 1964 by a merger of the countries of TANGANYIKA and ZANZIBAR.Occupational Health Services: Health services for employees, usually provided by the employer at the place of work.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Malaysia: A parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarch in southeast Asia, consisting of 11 states (West Malaysia) on the Malay Peninsula and two states (East Malaysia) on the island of BORNEO. It is also called the Federation of Malaysia. Its capital is Kuala Lumpur. Before 1963 it was the Union of Malaya. It reorganized in 1948 as the Federation of Malaya, becoming independent from British Malaya in 1957 and becoming Malaysia in 1963 as a federation of Malaya, Sabah, Sarawak, and Singapore (which seceded in 1965). The form Malay- probably derives from the Tamil malay, mountain, with reference to its geography. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p715 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p329)Sports: Activities or games, usually involving physical effort or skill. Reasons for engagement in sports include pleasure, competition, and/or financial reward.Child Health Services: Organized services to provide health care for children.Hospitals: Institutions with an organized medical staff which provide medical care to patients.Primary Health Care: Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)History, 21st Century: Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.Patient Satisfaction: The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.Research Subjects: Persons who are enrolled in research studies or who are otherwise the subjects of research.Lactones: Cyclic esters of hydroxy carboxylic acids, containing a 1-oxacycloalkan-2-one structure. Large cyclic lactones of over a dozen atoms are MACROLIDES.Prenatal Care: Care provided the pregnant woman in order to prevent complications, and decrease the incidence of maternal and prenatal mortality.Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.Cost Savings: Reductions in all or any portion of the costs of providing goods or services. Savings may be incurred by the provider or the consumer.Health Education: Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Risk Adjustment: The use of severity-of-illness measures, such as age, to estimate the risk (measurable or predictable chance of loss, injury or death) to which a patient is subject before receiving some health care intervention. This adjustment allows comparison of performance and quality across organizations, practitioners, and communities. (from JCAHO, Lexikon, 1994)Diffusion of Innovation: The broad dissemination of new ideas, procedures, techniques, materials, and devices and the degree to which these are accepted and used.Nursing, Private Duty: The practice of nursing by a registered or licensed nurse to care for a specific patient in a health facility or in the home.AfricaGuideline Adherence: Conformity in fulfilling or following official, recognized, or institutional requirements, guidelines, recommendations, protocols, pathways, or other standards.Quality Indicators, Health Care: Norms, criteria, standards, and other direct qualitative and quantitative measures used in determining the quality of health care.Health Plan Implementation: Those actions designed to carry out recommendations pertaining to health plans or programs.Population Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.Patient Selection: Criteria and standards used for the determination of the appropriateness of the inclusion of patients with specific conditions in proposed treatment plans and the criteria used for the inclusion of subjects in various clinical trials and other research protocols.Medicaid: Federal program, created by Public Law 89-97, Title XIX, a 1965 amendment to the Social Security Act, administered by the states, that provides health care benefits to indigent and medically indigent persons.Drug Utilization: The utilization of drugs as reported in individual hospital studies, FDA studies, marketing, or consumption, etc. This includes drug stockpiling, and patient drug profiles.Referral and Consultation: The practice of sending a patient to another program or practitioner for services or advice which the referring source is not prepared to provide.Immunization Programs: Organized services to administer immunization procedures in the prevention of various diseases. The programs are made available over a wide range of sites: schools, hospitals, public health agencies, voluntary health agencies, etc. They are administered to an equally wide range of population groups or on various administrative levels: community, municipal, state, national, international.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Social Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Malawi: A republic in southern Africa east of ZAMBIA and MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Lilongwe. It was formerly called Nyasaland.Insurance Coverage: Generally refers to the amount of protection available and the kind of loss which would be paid for under an insurance contract with an insurer. (Slee & Slee, Health Care Terms, 2d ed)Ownership: The legal relation between an entity (individual, group, corporation, or-profit, secular, government) and an object. The object may be corporeal, such as equipment, or completely a creature of law, such as a patent; it may be movable, such as an animal, or immovable, such as a building.Forecasting: The prediction or projection of the nature of future problems or existing conditions based upon the extrapolation or interpretation of existing scientific data or by the application of scientific methodology.Employment: The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary.Disabled Persons: Persons with physical or mental disabilities that affect or limit their activities of daily living and that may require special accommodations.Refusal to Participate: Refusal to take part in activities or procedures that are requested or expected of an individual. This may include refusal by HEALTH PERSONNEL to participate in specific medical procedures or refusal by PATIENTS or members of the public to take part in clinical trials or health promotion programs.EnglandDrug Combinations: Single preparations containing two or more active agents, for the purpose of their concurrent administration as a fixed dose mixture.Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.Salaries and Fringe Benefits: The remuneration paid or benefits granted to an employee.Motivation: Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Decision Making: The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.Tuberculosis: Any of the infectious diseases of man and other animals caused by species of MYCOBACTERIUM.Insurance, Health, Reimbursement: Payment by a third-party payer in a sum equal to the amount expended by a health care provider or facility for health services rendered to an insured or program beneficiary. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)Attitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.Organizations, Nonprofit: Organizations which are not operated for a profit and may be supported by endowments or private contributions.HIV Infections: Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).Industry: Any enterprise centered on the processing, assembly, production, or marketing of a line of products, services, commodities, or merchandise, in a particular field often named after its principal product. Examples include the automobile, fishing, music, publishing, insurance, and textile industries.Activities of Daily Living: The performance of the basic activities of self care, such as dressing, ambulation, or eating.Focus Groups: A method of data collection and a QUALITATIVE RESEARCH tool in which a small group of individuals are brought together and allowed to interact in a discussion of their opinions about topics, issues, or questions.Informed Consent: Voluntary authorization, by a patient or research subject, with full comprehension of the risks involved, for diagnostic or investigative procedures, and for medical and surgical treatment.Medically Uninsured: Individuals or groups with no or inadequate health insurance coverage. Those falling into this category usually comprise three primary groups: the medically indigent (MEDICAL INDIGENCY); those whose clinical condition makes them medically uninsurable; and the working uninsured.Decision Making, Organizational: The process by which decisions are made in an institution or other organization.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Private sector participation. The private sector plays a limited, but not negligible role in operating water supply systems in ... Private sector participation in urban water supply in Sub-Sahara Africa, GTZ, 2005, quoted in:Agro Paris Tech & Group SUEZ: ... Private Sector Participation and the Elusive Quest for a Suitable Institutional Framework" (PDF). Paper prepared for the ... A common sector policy framework, monitoring as well as a common sector program and strategy are being developed by the major ...
Private sector participation. The private sector plays a limited, albeit recently increasing role in operating and maintaining ... by the private sector. Local governments were not expected to contribute to the investments. The volume of investments was ... The private utility pays salaries that are higher than civil service salaries and conducts extensive training programs for its ... Sector policy thus is a prerogative of state governments. National Urban Sanitation Policy. In November 2008 the government of ...
Private sector participation. The G20 recognise the importance of private actors in contributing to growth and suggest that ... and were not pleased with the emphases on involving the private sector, especially with infrastructure. Oxfam's Avinash Kumar ... These are 1) infrastructure, 2) private investment and job creation, 3) human resource development, 4) trade, 5) financial ...
Private sector participation. Since 1994 some municipalities have involved the private sector in service provision in various ... There have been a number of controversies on policies in the sectors, including about private sector participation, which was ... Building on earlier experiences with private sector participation since 1994, a five-year management contract for water ... However, observers from the private sector say that a "strong spin element" surrounds the programme and that water quality is ...
"Kenya: enabling private-sector participation in electricity generation" (PDF). Graduate School of Business: University of Cape ... management of KPC was formally separated from Kenya Power as a direct result of reforms being under taken in the energy sector ...
He advocated increased private sector participation in public road transport. Vaithilingam was charged with an attempt to ... His priorities as Chief Minister was to minimize budget deficit, increase private sector participation in public transport, ... He advocated smaller government and greater participation of private sector. Vaithilingam also benefited from management of the ...
"PPIAF Supports Private Sector Participation in Vietnam Water Projects" (PDF). Public-Private Infrastructure Advisory Facility. ... Private sector participation in urban water supply is limited to Build-Operate-Transfer (BOT) contracts for drinking water ... For example, some focus on public sector service provision, while others − especially in the South - promote the private sector ... Most early private water systems were built and financed by local residents and water tariffs are high. Since 2007 private ...
He was instrumental in private sector participation in Defence production. He encouraged SMEs and large Indian Industries to ...
Subscription required (help)). Mandri-Perrott, Cledan (2000). Private Sector Participation in Light Rail-Light Metro Transit ... the transportation system has only been partially successful due to the DOTC's inaction on the private sector's proposals to ... Since 2006, the system's private owners had been offering various capacity expansion proposals to the DOTC.In 2014, after the ... However, it is unlikely that the private owners, MRTC, will approve this plan. On January 13, 2011, Light Rail Transit ...
It also promotes associations of municipalities and private sector participation. Furthermore, it clarifies the relationship ... administrative and financial development in the sector Consolidate user and society participation and in this way support ... The privately held shares in the mixed public-private company in Saltillo, set up in 2001, are held by Aguas de Barcelona, a ... However, it seems that the sector as a whole generates a little modest cash surplus, which seems to reflect shortfalls in ...
Cledan Mandri-Perrott (2010). Private Sector Participation in Light Rail-Light Metro Transit Initiatives (pdf). Public-Private ...
... there is no law concerning the regulation of public utilities or private sector participation in the sector. The Ministry of ... Private sector participation in financing infrastructure and managing services is widespread. In 2007, there are over 50 water ... The most common form of private sector participation in water supply and sanitation in China is through Build-Operate-Transfer ... More than 200 wastewater treatment plants were built with some form of private sector participation in their financing and/or ...
Prasad, Naren (November 2006). "Privatisation Results: Private Sector Participation in Water Services After 15 Years". ... Private goods producers, for example, can lower their total costs, and therefore their prices, by externalizing (not including ... Thus, society can modify the non-rivalry and non-excludability of a good's benefits such that goods often become private or ... both public and private) must be created to manage these goods. As different types of global public goods often require ...
This road project does present an opportunity for private sector participation. Furthermore, the Government of Kenya is ... The Government has prioritised the participation of private sector in the development of LAPSSET Corridor infrastructure ... private sector representatives and a chairman appointed by the president. The authority will push for public private ... The plans include rules on land usage and guidance on private sector and local community involvement. The plans also cater for ...
Redefining the role of the private sector in service provision. Private sector participation in water and sanitation in Latin ... However, local private operators continue to play a major role in the sector, helping to improve efficiency and service quality ... The World Bank on private water operations in rural communities The World Bank, 2009. The World Bank on public-private water ... Private and mixed companies, however, continue to provide services in many cities of Colombia, in most of Chile, some Brazilian ...
Private Sector Participation in the Power Sector in Europe and Central Asia. World Bank. ISBN 978-0-8213-5529-9. CONSOLIDATED ...
The Cameroonian American Chamber of Commerce (CAMAM) is an NGO founded in 2014 with the aim of advocating for private sector ... Supporting the formation of public-private partnerships; Strengthening civil society participation; Promoting sustainable ... Advancing private sector development in Cameroon; Bridging the gap between the U.S. and Cameroonian business communities; ...
Deficit in foodgrains storage capacity to be met with private-sector participation. Period for repayment of loans by farmers ... Outlay for social sectors pegged at ₹1,37,674 crore, accounting for 37% of the total plan allocation. Plan allocation for ... Financial-Sector Legislative Reforms Committee to be set up. ₹1,900 crore allocated for Unique Identification Authority of ... Mega power plant policy modified to lower cost of generation; allocation to power sector more than doubled to ₹5,130 crore in ...
However, private sector participation in the Bangladeshi water supply and sanitation sector remains limited to small businesses ... Private-sector participation in rural areas as well as in municipalities is promoted. In small arsenic-affected villages, ... Private sector participation and the application of commercial principles were limited to the introduction of outsourcing of ... It was launched to "support institutional reforms in the sector, applying commercial principles and increasing private sector ...
Compared to previous forums there was a notable increase in private sector participation. Up from 203 to 1,187 private sector ... Participation in Habitat Jam was open to public and private-sector organizations and individuals around the world with an ... The remaining participants were classified as Non-governmental organizations, Private Sector, Professional and Research ... decision makers and members of public and private institutions - to zero in on solutions to these key 21st century challenges. ...
He gave speeches on information control for the government and the private sector. Holland fought against copy protection and ... Because of Holland's continuing participation in the club, the CCC gained popularity and credibility. ...
Euro-area Member States have pledged to contribute €30bn for private sector participation. In case not enough bondholders agree ... this also included a Private Sector Involvement (called a PSI), meaning that the private financial sector accepted a "voluntary ... The cash will be handed over after it is clear that private-sector bondholders do indeed join in the haircut, and after Greece ... purchase of Greek bonds from private creditors by the euro rescue fund at their face value will burden the private sector with ...
According to a World Bank report, the key to success of private sector participation in the Colombian water sector has been the ... However, the private sector also plays an important role, including 125 private and 48 mixed public-private water companies in ... The government also supports private sector participation in the sector. Colombian municipalities are responsible for "ensuring ... Private sector participation in Colombia's water and sanitation sector has been much more stable than in some other Latin ...
"The small business must find funding in the private sector or other non-SBIR federal agency funding." Each Federal agency with ... to foster and encourage participation by minority and disadvantaged persons in technological innovation; and to increase ... uses a similar approach to the SBIR program to expand public/private sector partnerships between small businesses and nonprofit ... private sector commercialization innovations derived from Federal research and development. The program must be periodically ...
Private sector participation in urban water supply in Freetown has also been proposed. However, at least as of 2007, none of ... A 2005 report says that wide-scale corruption is a major problem in the sector. It continues to say that there is a lack of ... but spurred also a renewed debate about sector reforms. For example, the establishment of an autonomous public utilities ...
... density was 14.1% in the private sector and 56.5% in the public sector.[54] ... Worker Participation. SEEurope Network". Worker-Participation.eu. SEEurope Network. Retrieved 15 November 2017.. ... Private sector unions faced plant closures in many manufacturing industries and demands to reduce wages and increase ... Union workers in the private sector average 10-30% higher pay than non-union in America after controlling for individual, job, ...
Conformity, political participation, and economic rewards: The case of Chinese private entrepreneurs. Asia Pacific Journal of ... Enterprises and entrepreneurs in the private sector in Chinese transitional society. International Review of Sociology, 10(1): ... Prize or price? Corporate social responsibility commitment and sales performance in the Chinese private sector. Management and ... Finally, participation in social networks and affiliations influence participation in social entrepreneurship (Dees et al., ...
... while the private sector is not generating enough skilled positions. Employers, meanwhile, complain of poor education quality ... girls still lag behind boys in secondary school participation," UNICEF said in a statement. "Without education, adolescents ... Nor would public sector jobs be cut as they have in Swaziland, another country struggling to come to terms with its heavy ... They say a Bangladeshi law prohibits people past a certain age from working in the countrys financial sector. The law is ...
and various establishments in the public and private sectors like BHEL, NTPC, HMT, Railways, Shipping, Mining, Power sectors ... Arindam Banerjee took active participation as trainer and resource person in MDP programmes for organizations like National ... He has written a Book, sharing experiences of transforming HR in mega PSU in the Power sector NTPC Ltd, "My Experiments with ... N N Sharma has worked for more than 30 years in social development sector. He has been working with government institutions ...
... framework conditions and contractual arrangements necessary to make the best of private sector participation and to harness ... Many countries have sought the involvement of the private sector to upgrade and develop their water and sanitation ... More about Private sector participation in the water and sanitation sector. *OECD Principles for Private Sector Participation ... OECD Home Industry and entrepreneurshipInternational investmentInvestment for developmentPrivate Sector Participation in Water ...
USAID encourages private sector participation in new healthcare program. Monday, November 3, 2014 ... an initiative to encourage the investment of local private sector and foster growth of a commercial market, in Ho Chi Minh City ... and counseling by working with the local private sector to leverage solutions, expertise, interests, and assets to foster ...
Private sector participation in forest management. Most large-scale harvesting and management in tropical forests is undertaken ... Private sector participation is essential in sustainable forest management. The entrepreneurship and business experience of ... Private sector participation in forest management. Funding of forest operations from revenue ... Lower expectation by immediate profit by the private sector is an important pre-requisite to achieving sustainable management ...
Engagement with Private Sector Partners. Build on existing collaboration with planning professionals and practitioners from all ... PUBLIC PARTICIPATION PLAN GOALS. SECTION IV. PUBLIC PARTICIPATION PLAN PROCESS FOR ACHIEVING GOALS. SECTION V. INTERESTED ... M. Evaluate Public Participation Activities: (November 2015).. I. Evaluate public participation efforts at the end of phase 1 ... These public participation opportunities are described below.. A. Project Identification. Public participation begins at the ...
Private sector participation. In response to growing heathcare needs, governments throughout MEA are investing in ... shifting some costs on to the private sector and fostering further growth in private care. ... They need and welcome the involvement of the private sector in fostering commercial excellence and participating in government ... For example, life science businesses have been hiring from the FMCG sector for some time as FMCG companies have a long history ...
Private Sector Participation in Water Infrastructure: OECD Checklist for Public Action, Introduction. Introduction to Private ... institutional features of the public and private segments of the political risk insurance market - issues of potential ...
Private Sector Participation and Health System Performance in Sub-Saharan Africa. The participation of the private sector in ... How Does the Private Health Sector Affect Access and Equity in Developing Countries?. Researchers analyzed data on child and ... maternal health care use from 34 African countries and found that private sector participation in the health care system is ...
... private industry, and nongovernmental organizations to protect against, respond to, and recover from a major Mid-Atlantic ... Private Sector Engaged: More than 160 private sector organizations engaged with the FEMA National Business Emergency Operations ... Robust State and Local Participation. NLE 2018 included participation from all five states in FEMA Region III, 67 local ... Private Sector and Community Engagement. NLE 2018 included unprecedented levels of engagement across the private and nonprofit ...
The forthcoming European summit, set to facilitate private sector participation in the Greek rescue is important. Failure to ... The ECBs opposition to the governments plans for private-sector involvement is preposterous. Ostensibly, ECB officials fear a ...
Private sector participation in health and social care services in Scotland: assessing the risk. In: International Review of ... Private sector participation in health and social care services in Scotland: assessing the risk. / Asenova, Darinka; Stein, ... Asenova, D., Stein, W., McCann, C., & Marshall, A. (2007). Private sector participation in health and social care services in ... Asenova D, Stein W, McCann C, Marshall A. Private sector participation in health and social care services in Scotland: ...
Participation from Private Sector. Given the need to attract additional international investment to help address Mexicos near- ... previous administration will be a confirmation that private sector participation in the development of Mexicos energy sector ... and private equity transactions. He has worked in the Latin American energy sector for more than 26 years and has been involved ... may temper the appetite of private investors in future bidding rounds if Mexico decides to re-approach the private sector to ...
Fostering private sector participation. *Conducting rigorous monitoring and evaluation to demonstrate results of PMI inputs and ... PMI also works with nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), including faith-based and community groups, academia, and the private ... CDC is not responsible for Section 508 compliance (accessibility) on other federal or private website. ...
Job Creation: FG seeks increased private sector participation COVID-19: NCDC confirms 118 new infections in Nigeria ... The other objectives are to improve the financial viability and the performance of the ENSWC and also improve water sector ... For instance, Enugu State implemented the first National Urban Water Sector Reform Project along with Ogun and Kaduna states, ... The soft components of the project consist of support to sector reform and capacity building to improve ENSWCs technical, ...
Job Creation: FG seeks increased private sector participation COVID-19: NCDC confirms 118 new infections in Nigeria ...
Private sector participation. To be eligible for support under this section, a partnership in sustainable chemistry shall ... Agency participation. The Entity shall include representatives, including subject matter experts, from the Environmental ... through programs identified by an agency, support (including through technical assistance, participation, financial support, ... including assessing key sectors of the United States economy, key technology platforms, and barriers to innovation; ...
... members of Congress and senior congressional staffers spin in and out of the private and public sectors, so too does privilege ... Political Participation Group Attorney. Client lobbying profile. Lobbying Firm Private Sector Federal Govt. State/Local Govt. ...
Private Sector Participation Scheme‎ (62 P). Pages in category "Home Ownership Scheme". The following 200 pages are in this ...
Utility O&M: models for private sector participation. Analysis. Inside Londons very own carbon capture (test) plant. ...
Public Healthcare in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: Plans for Private Sector Participation. by Shearman & Sterling LLP on 7/13/ ... Saudi Vision 2030 and the National Transformation Program 2020 are built upon the encouragement of private sector investment in ... Health Care Market Intelligence Private Equity Summary Report - July 2017. by Benesch on 8/11/2017. ... It is a fast-growing sector with important implications for individuals and institutions alike. Whether it is hospitals and ...
Using unique data on political participation and initial public offerings by entrepreneurial firms, we find that firms ... We also find that firms characterized by political participation are subject to less underpricing. Furthermore, the superior ... suggesting that political participation is facilitating rent seeking rather than serving simply as a proxy for political ... This paper examines the economic consequences of political participation by entrepreneurs in China. ...
Open data as operating model • private sector values high quality public data • value official status, processes and controls • ... Expert Participation Programme • primary and secondary legislation • publicly available - official - free - open - up-to-date • ... our Expert Participation Programme. We are inviting people from outside The National Archives to work with us, to apply changes ... willing to collaborate and invest resources in open government data • Expert Participation shows how open data • helps to ...
Part I:Increasing Private Sector Participation. J.D. Straubhaar, From PTT to Private: Liberalization and Privatization in ... second part analyzes the major external and internal forces that have influenced the process of private sector participation in ... J.M. Bauer, Alternatives to Private Ownership. N. Sinha, Regulatory Reform: An Institutional Perspective. H.M. Trebing, ... D.R. Headrick, Public-Private Relations in International Telecommunications Before World War II. Part II:Major Political Forces ...
  • It has been followed up by interviews with key sector stakeholders in February 2017 to determine the exact nature of these turning points and explain their causes and impacts. (afd.fr)
  • Saudi Vision 2030 and the National Transformation Program 2020 are built upon the encouragement of private sector investment in sectors that have been predominantly funded and serviced by the Government in the past. (jdsupra.com)
  • Online PR News - 14-September-2020 - Cape Town - Private sector participation in the energy sector, small-scale hydro and mini grid opportunities, desalination as an option to secure water security and helping SSMEs with a toolkit are just some of the highlights of the Digital African Utility Week and POWERGEN Africa agenda in November. (onlineprnews.com)
  • This plan explains how SCAG operates, establishes core values for public participation, and sets forth goals and strategies for increasing public information and engagement in the planning process. (ca.gov)
  • To demonstrate its commitment to a bottom-up planning approach, SCAG has established a set of activities to achieve key goals centered around three major areas of the agency's Public Participation Plan - Outreach, Engagement and Evaluation. (ca.gov)
  • As a whole, the draft framework defines the different non-State actors, five categories of interactions (participation, resources, evidence, advocacy and technical collaboration), and the benefits and risks of such engagement. (who.int)
  • The knowledge you gain on the MSc could lead you to high level academic or professional engagement in the public, private or non-profit sectors, including in public administration, international organisations, corporations, think tanks, public affairs & advocacy or any number of other arenas where climate and energy policies are shaped. (soas.ac.uk)
  • A focus on the importance of private-sector engagement and innovation, particularly when it comes to access to medications. (hhs.gov)
  • The US, Japan and main EU markets continue to dominate the life science sector in total value, with healthcare spending growth in North America projected to rise by 4.6 per cent annually until 2019. (spencerstuart.com)
  • Participation in occupational defined contribution (DC) pensions has grown considerably in recent years, resulting in more employees having membership of this type of pension (36%) than any other for the first time in 2019. (ons.gov.uk)
  • Although more than three-quarters of employees had a workplace pension in 2019, there remained differences in both the level of membership and the type of pension held between the public and private sectors. (ons.gov.uk)
  • As shown throughout this bulletin, although the difference in membership levels between the sectors continued to reduce in 2019 (albeit at a slower rate than in recent years), the difference in pension type and associated contribution levels remained. (ons.gov.uk)
  • Local participation enchanced the exercise experience as 67 local jurisdictions joined exercise play, tested emergency operations centers, and shared preparedness messages with their communities. (fema.gov)
  • Fusion centers serve as focal points within the state and local environment for the receipt, analysis, gathering, and sharing of threat-related information between the federal government and state, local, tribal, territorial (SLTT) and private sector partners. (dhs.gov)
  • Other human rights problems included physical abuse of prisoners in detention centers and prisons, poor prison and detention center conditions, lack of judicial independence, lax prosecutorial environment with poor transparency, violence against journalists, corruption, gender-based violence, and societal obstacles to full economic and political participation of women. (state.gov)
  • Despite the political unrest in the Middle East, the government's allocation of substantial funds towards water and wastewater projects has assuaged foreign and private investors' concerns to some extent. (frost.com)
  • Institutional features and policy practices of investment guarantee programmes - institutional features of the public and private segments of the political risk insurance market - issues of potential relevance for the investment policy community. (oecd.org)
  • The ruling party's economic policies have expanded the state's role in the economy through expropriations of major enterprises, strict currency exchange and price controls that discourage private sector investment and production, and overdependence on the petroleum industry for revenues, among others. (indexmundi.com)
  • The government also encouraged private savings in order to provide investment funds to the up-and-coming Korean industrial sector. (wto.org)
  • Increasing levels of public investment will be partly offset by sluggish private investment growth, linked to a deterioration of the business environment. (ebrd.com)
  • In other words, the five-year investment in the renewable sector is less than 10 per cent of the losses of the electricity boards in just one year. (org.in)
  • MAPUTO, Sep 8 2013 (IPS) - Africa currently imports almost 40 billion dollars worth of food a year, but it should implement measures to attract private sector investment in agriculture in order to reduce its food import bill and increase its self-reliance, experts in the sector tell IPS. (ipsnews.net)
  • What is more important moving forward is catalytic public financing, where government, its experts, farmers and private sector work together and really understand here it is important for government to invest to trigger private sector investment," Rukuni said. (ipsnews.net)
  • Clarion Events Africa is part of the UK-based Clarion Events Group's Clarion Energy Series, which runs over 40 events that cover the oil, gas, power and energy sectors, making it one of the group's largest portfolios. (onlineprnews.com)
  • The controversy in relation to the grant of UAS Licenses and allocation of 2G spectrum became sensational in the year 2010 essentially because of allegations that I, in conspiracy with other DoT officials and some private companies, granted UAS Licenses and 2G spectrum at a throwaway price thereby causing huge losses to the exchequer and windfall gains to the licensee companies. (scribd.com)
  • To date, most progress has been made on this in Saudi Arabia, where more than 6 million people have private health insurance. (meed.com)
  • New analysis from Frost & Sullivan ( http://www.environmental.frost.com ), Assessment of the Water and Wastewater Sector in Saudi Arabia , finds that the market earned revenues of USD 1.94 billion in 2011 and estimates this to reach USD 3.66 billion in 2015. (frost.com)
  • Assessment of the Water and Wastewater Sector in Saudi Arabia is part of the Environmenta l Growth Partnership Services program, which also includes research in the following markets: Water and Wastewater Treatment Equipment Market and Water and Wastewater Distribution Network Market. (frost.com)
  • The data presented here is internally consistent and shows a lack of improvement in women's participation in Canada since the early 2000s. (gc.ca)
  • Although Canada's performance is similar to other G7 countries, the overall stagnation in women's participation in these countries is noteworthy. (gc.ca)
  • In other words, women's low participation in PCT applications is not simply a pipeline problem associated with relatively low numbers of women in those fields. (gc.ca)
  • In November 2016, the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) released a special section of its annual report which dealt with women's participation in the PCT filing. (gc.ca)
  • Women's participation in the struggles of the Third World are often neglected. (libcom.org)
  • This paper examines the economic consequences of political participation by entrepreneurs in China. (repec.org)
  • Political Participation and Entrepreneurial Initial Public Offerings in China ," Working Paper Series 2011-17, China Economic Research Center, Stockholm School of Economics. (repec.org)
  • OSHA has launched a survey of private sector employers as a tool toward better designing future rules, compliance assistance, and outreach efforts. (ohsonline.com)
  • OSHA, after consulting with an applicant and considering the applicant's preference, will define a geographic area for VPP participation. (osha.gov)
  • The successful mobile workforce applicant will achieve VPP participation and receive OSHA recognition for all its temporary work projects and resident contractor work projects in the DGA. (osha.gov)
  • The USAID's $15-million project will support efforts to grow a viable commercial market for high quality HIV-related goods and services, including condoms, HIV testing, and counseling by working with the local private sector to leverage solutions, expertise, interests, and assets to foster market growth. (nextbillion.net)
  • As an outcome of this coordination, FEMA, state, local, and private sector partners implemented risk-based discussion and decision-making improvements . (fema.gov)
  • Business executives, labor leaders and others set up Private Industry Councils in the local areas to work with CETA prime sponsors. (dol.gov)
  • He is the Policy Manager at Boise State, Adjunct Graduate Professor in the Department of Public Policy and Administration and an independent homeland security consultant specializing in state, local and private sector affairs. (boisestate.edu)
  • Job gains both over the month and over the year continue to be led by the Education and Health services sector which added 21,500 jobs and grown by 2.7 percent over the last year. (mass.gov)
  • The soft components of the project consist of support to sector reform and capacity building to improve ENSWC's technical, commercial, financial and managerial performance. (sunnewsonline.com)
  • DOT will license and promote commercial launch operations which support civil sector operations. (jaxa.jp)
  • During his remarks, the Secretary noted the strong U.S. commitment made through HHS agencies to address this challenge, and announced that CARB-X - a public-private partnership to address AMR - now included the support of the United Kingdom and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. (hhs.gov)
  • For instance, Enugu State implemented the first National Urban Water Sector Reform Project along with Ogun and Kaduna states, between 2004 and 2013, when the project closed. (sunnewsonline.com)
  • However, upon the coming of the Governor Ifeanyi Ugwuanyi's administration in 2015, it adopted short-term approaches (which will be highlighted towards the end of this article) and a long-term approach, which resulted in the revival of the Urban Water Sector Reform Project due to the strong political will of the governor and the commitment of the administration to reform the water sector. (sunnewsonline.com)
  • 17 Dec 2007- 09:08 by OOSKAnews Correspondent ANGOLA, LUANDA-Angola's Cabinet Council has approved a new memorandum on participation of the private sector in manufacturing and supplying materials for the water sector. (ooskanews.com)
  • The chapter authors address the system of information transportation -- the telecommunications sector in developing countries ranging from low-income countries with overburdened, rural roads in south Asia and Africa trying to catch up to digitalized fibre-optic superhighways in middle income countries such as Singapore. (routledge.com)
  • Private sector participation in the energy sector is just one of the highlights of the Digital African Utility Week and POWERGEN Africa agenda in November. (onlineprnews.com)
  • Amidst the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the energy sector in Africa, the organisers of the 'Digital Energy Festival' seek to address critical issues such as pivoting to digital, new financial models and innovative power generation sources to allow attendees to make decisions and formulate recovery plans. (onlineprnews.com)
  • It is inspiring to be part of such a unique joint venture with two other leading players in the energy events sector," says Chanelle Hingston, Power & Energy Group Director at Clarion Events Africa, the organisers of the award-winning African Utility Week and POWERGEN Africa conference and exhibition for the last 20 years. (onlineprnews.com)
  • Illustrated with 25 fact-rich market data tables, the report briefly discusses the role of nuclear power in the Indian power sector, present dynamics in nuclear reactor establishments, international agreements and other aspects related to the sector in the Indian market. (prnewswire.com)
  • They included fighting discrimination against youth in the labour market, tackling the "mismatch" between education and the labour market, and fostering the participation of young people. (un.org)
  • By the end of 2009, this had expanded to cover Saudi nationals and their families working in the private sector and has resulted in a market where gross written premiums totalled $1.94bn by the end of 2009. (meed.com)
  • The impact will be a dynamic private sector and sound financial system supporting sustainable economic growth and job creation. (adb.org)
  • The private sector will have two days off work from the first and second of Shawal to mark the Eid-ul-Fitr," the state-run Emirates News Agency (WAM) cited a labour ministry circular here Tuesday as stating. (thaindian.com)
  • The losses of the state electricity boards ( seb s) -- because of subsidies provided to agriculture, domestic and every other sector -- is projected to be an incredible Rs 38,836 crore by 2003. (org.in)
  • The renewable energy sector has always been the stepchild of power. (org.in)
  • It plans to invest Rs 800,000 crore in the coal and hydel sector to meet this 'conventional' energy target. (org.in)
  • Each one of us as event organisers has a strong team with a different and distinctive focus on the many-faceted energy sector. (onlineprnews.com)
  • This study, commissioned by the AFD Innovation, Research and Knowledge department, provides a retrospective analysis of the Public-Private Partnership (PPP) that has been managing the urban water supply sub-sector in Senegal since 1995. (afd.fr)
  • The transition impact of the project is expected to focus on increasing resource efficiency, private sector participation, and regional economic inclusion. (ebrd.com)
  • The state's labor force participation rate - the total number of residents 16 or older who worked or were unemployed and actively sought work in the last four weeks - dropped one-tenth of a percentage point at 67.7 percent over the month. (mass.gov)
  • A confederation of Dalit bodies today demanded reservation of jobs and promotion in private sector during a convention held at Ramlila ground here today and claimed that it will strengthen the country's economy. (business-standard.com)