The state of being free from intrusion or disturbance in one's private life or affairs. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993)
The privacy of information and its protection against unauthorized disclosure.
The protection of genetic information about an individual, family, or population group, from unauthorized disclosure.
Protective measures against unauthorized access to or interference with computer operating systems, telecommunications, or data structures, especially the modification, deletion, destruction, or release of data in computers. It includes methods of forestalling interference by computer viruses or so-called computer hackers aiming to compromise stored data.
Public Law 104-91 enacted in 1996, was designed to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the healthcare system, protect health insurance coverage for workers and their families, and to protect individual personal health information.
Longitudinal patient-maintained records of individual health history and tools that allow individual control of access.
Revealing of information, by oral or written communication.
Computer-based systems for input, storage, display, retrieval, and printing of information contained in a patient's medical record.
Facilities that collect, store, and distribute tissues, e.g., cell lines, microorganisms, blood, sperm, milk, breast tissue, for use by others. Other uses may include transplantation and comparison of diseased tissues in the identification of cancer.
Legal guarantee protecting the individual from attack on personal liberties, right to fair trial, right to vote, and freedom from discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, age, disability, or national origin. (from http://www.usccr.gov/ accessed 1/31/2003)
Regulations to assure protection of property and equipment.
Voluntary authorization, by a patient or research subject, with full comprehension of the risks involved, for diagnostic or investigative procedures, and for medical and surgical treatment.
Management of the acquisition, organization, retrieval, and dissemination of health information.
Media that facilitate transportability of pertinent information concerning patient's illness across varied providers and geographic locations. Some versions include direct linkages to online consumer health information that is relevant to the health conditions and treatments related to a specific patient.
The freedom of patients to review their own medical, genetic, or other health-related records.
Fundamental claims of patients, as expressed in statutes, declarations, or generally accepted moral principles. (Bioethics Thesaurus) The term is used for discussions of patient rights as a group of many rights, as in a hospital's posting of a list of patient rights.
The circulation or wide dispersal of information.
Organized procedures for establishing patient identity, including use of bracelets, etc.
A system containing any combination of computers, computer terminals, printers, audio or visual display devices, or telephones interconnected by telecommunications equipment or cables: used to transmit or receive information. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.
Management of the acquisition, organization, storage, retrieval, and dissemination of information. (From Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, 1994)
The term "United States" in a medical context often refers to the country where a patient or study participant resides, and is not a medical term per se, but relevant for epidemiological studies, healthcare policies, and understanding differences in disease prevalence, treatment patterns, and health outcomes across various geographic locations.
Exercise of governmental authority to control conduct.
Recording of pertinent information concerning patient's illness or illnesses.
Counseling or comfort given by ministers, priests, rabbis, etc., to those in need of help with emotional problems or stressful situations.
The creation and maintenance of medical and vital records in multiple institutions in a manner that will facilitate the combined use of the records of identified individuals.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
A health professional's obligation to breach patient CONFIDENTIALITY to warn third parties of the danger of their being assaulted or of contracting a serious infection.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
Research into the cause, transmission, amelioration, elimination, or enhancement of inherited disorders and traits.
The moral obligations governing the conduct of research. Used for discussions of research ethics as a general topic.
A person who has not attained the age at which full civil rights are accorded.
Integrated set of files, procedures, and equipment for the storage, manipulation, and retrieval of information.
The field of information science concerned with the analysis and dissemination of medical data through the application of computers to various aspects of health care and medicine.
A branch of medicine pertaining to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases occurring during the period of ADOLESCENCE.
Platforms that provide the ability and tools to create and publish information accessed via the INTERNET. Generally these platforms have three characteristics with content user generated, high degree of interaction between creator and viewer, and easily integrated with other sites.
A method of differentiating individuals based on the analysis of qualitative or quantitative biological traits or patterns. This process which has applications in forensics and identity theft prevention includes DNA profiles or DNA fingerprints, hand fingerprints, automated facial recognition, iris scan, hand geometry, retinal scan, vascular patterns, automated voice pattern recognition, and ultrasound of fingers.
The principles of professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the physician, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the physician in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families.
Information intended for potential users of medical and healthcare services. There is an emphasis on self-care and preventive approaches as well as information for community-wide dissemination and use.
Hospital or other institutional committees established to protect the welfare of research subjects. Federal regulations (the "Common Rule" (45 CFR 46)) mandate the use of these committees to monitor federally-funded biomedical and behavioral research involving human subjects.
Services provided by an individual ethicist (ETHICISTS) or an ethics team or committee (ETHICS COMMITTEES, CLINICAL) to address the ethical issues involved in a specific clinical case. The central purpose is to improve the process and outcomes of patients' care by helping to identify, analyze, and resolve ethical problems.
A cabinet department in the Executive Branch of the United States Government concerned with administering those agencies and offices having programs pertaining to health and human services.
Delivery of health services via remote telecommunications. This includes interactive consultative and diagnostic services.
Invisible boundaries surrounding the individual's body which are maintained in relation to others.
The attitude of a significant portion of a population toward any given proposition, based upon a measurable amount of factual evidence, and involving some degree of reflection, analysis, and reasoning.
The commitment in writing, as authentic evidence, of something having legal importance. The concept includes certificates of birth, death, etc., as well as hospital, medical, and other institutional records.
Automated systems applied to the patient care process including diagnosis, therapy, and systems of communicating medical data within the health care setting.
Persons who are enrolled in research studies or who are otherwise the subjects of research.
Tissue, organ, or gamete donation intended for a designated recipient.
It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)
Self-directing freedom and especially moral independence. An ethical principle holds that the autonomy of persons ought to be respected. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
A method of data collection and a QUALITATIVE RESEARCH tool in which a small group of individuals are brought together and allowed to interact in a discussion of their opinions about topics, issues, or questions.
Documents describing a medical treatment or research project, including proposed procedures, risks, and alternatives, that are to be signed by an individual, or the individual's proxy, to indicate his/her understanding of the document and a willingness to undergo the treatment or to participate in the research.
The attitude and behavior associated with an individual using the computer.
Organizational activities previously performed internally that are provided by external agents.

Driving toward guiding principles: a goal for privacy, confidentiality, and security of health information. (1/272)

As health care moves from paper to electronic data collection, providing easier access and dissemination of health information, the development of guiding privacy, confidentiality, and security principles is necessary to help balance the protection of patients' privacy interests against appropriate information access. A comparative review and analysis was done, based on a compilation of privacy, confidentiality, and security principles from many sources. Principles derived from ten identified sources were compared with each of the compiled principles to assess support level, uniformity, and inconsistencies. Of 28 compiled principles, 23 were supported by at least 50 percent of the sources. Technology could address at least 12 of the principles. Notable consistencies among the principles could provide a basis for consensus for further legislative and organizational work. It is imperative that all participants in our health care system work actively toward a viable resolution of this information privacy debate.  (+info)

Staff and patient feedback in mental health services for older people. (2/272)

OBJECTIVES: To compare the views of patients and staff on the quality of care provided on a psychogeriatric assessment ward over a five year period. To describe the quality improvements which were made as a result of their respective comments. DESIGN: Structured interviews were conducted with both patients and staff to obtain qualitative feedback and suggestions for improvement. An analysis of the percentage of positive and negative comments made by both patients and staff was used to compare the levels of satisfaction on a variety of aspects of the service provided. SETTING: Psychogeriatric inpatient assessment ward. SUBJECTS: 75 patients and 85 staff interviews were conducted. MAIN MEASURES: Structured interviews covering various aspects of service quality. RESULTS: Staff and patients picked up on different aspects of service quality as important. Quality improvements which arose from the interviews were clearly different. Generally patients were more positive about the physical environment and standards of professional care than staff, but less positive about issues of privacy, social interaction, and empowerment. CONCLUSIONS: The perspectives of patients and staff in this area are not interchangeable. Both series of interviews led to several positive changes in the quality of care. Interviews with staff seem to have been valuable in a low morale situation. A structured interview format provided patients with an opportunity to feedback openly and led to changes in service quality which would not otherwise have occurred.  (+info)

Medical records and privacy: empirical effects of legislation. (3/272)

OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of state legislation requiring patient informed consent prior to medical record abstraction by external researchers for a specific study. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Informed consent responses obtained from November 1997 through April 1998 from members of a Minnesota-based IPA model health plan. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive case study of consent to gain access to medical records for a pharmaco-epidemiologic study of seizures associated with use of a pain medication that was conducted as part of the FDA's post-marketing safety surveillance program to evaluate adverse events associated with approved drugs. DATA COLLECTION: The informed consent process approved by an institutional review board consisted of three phases: (1) a letter from the health plan's medical director requesting participation, (2) a second mailing to nonrespondents, and (3) a follow-up telephone call to nonrespondents. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Of 140 Minnesota health plan members asked to participate in the medical records study, 52 percent (73) responded and 19 percent (26) returned a signed consent form authorizing access to their records for the study. For 132 study subjects enrolled in five other health plans in states where study-specific consent was not required, health care providers granted access to patient medical records for 93 percent (123) of the members. CONCLUSION: Legislation requiring patient informed consent to gain access to medical records for a specific research study was associated with low participation and increased time to complete that observational study. Efforts to protect patient privacy may come into conflict with the ability to produce timely and valid research to safeguard and improve public health.  (+info)

Jehovah's Witnesses' refusal of blood: obedience to scripture and religious conscience. (4/272)

Jehovah's Witnesses are students of the Bible. They refuse transfusions out of obedience to the scriptural directive to abstain and keep from blood. Dr Muramoto disagrees with the Witnesses' religious beliefs in this regard. Despite this basic disagreement over the meaning of Biblical texts, Muramoto flouts the religious basis for the Witnesses' position. His proposed policy change about accepting transfusions in private not only conflicts with the Witnesses' fundamental beliefs but it promotes hypocrisy. In addition, Muramoto's arguments about pressure to conform and coerced disclosure of private information misrepresent the beliefs and practices of Jehovah's Witnesses and ignore the element of individual conscience. In short, Muramoto resorts to distortion and uncorroborated assertions in his effort to portray a matter of religious faith as a matter of medical ethical debate.  (+info)

Questionnaire survey of California consumers' use and rating of sources of health care information including the Internet. (5/272)

OBJECTIVE: To understand how Californians use and rate various health information sources, including the Internet. RESEARCH DESIGN: Computer-assisted telephone interviews through which surveys were conducted in English or Spanish. SUBJECTS: A household sample generated by random digit dialing. The sample included 1007 adults (18+), 407 (40%) of whom had access to the Internet. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Past health information sources used, their usefulness and ease of use; future health information sources, which are trusted and distrusted; and concerns about integrating the Internet into future health information seeking and health care behaviors. RESULTS: Physicians and health care providers are more trusted for information than any other source, including the Internet. Among those with Internet access, a minority use it to obtain health information, and a minority is "very likely" to use e-mail to communicate with medical professionals or their own doctors and nurses, to refill prescriptions, or to make doctor appointments. Also, most of those with Internet access are "unlikely" to make their medical records available via the Internet, even if securely protected. CONCLUSIONS: The public, including frequent Internet users, has major concerns about the confidentiality of electronic medical records. Legislation may not assuage these fears and a long-term, open and collaborative process involving consumers and organizations from all the health care sectors may be needed for full public assurance.  (+info)

Ethical-legal problems of DNA databases in criminal investigation. (6/272)

Advances in DNA technology and the discovery of DNA polymorphisms have permitted the creation of DNA databases of individuals for the purpose of criminal investigation. Many ethical and legal problems arise in the preparation of a DNA database, and these problems are especially important when one analyses the legal regulations on the subject. In this paper three main groups of possibilities, three systems, are analysed in relation to databases. The first system is based on a general analysis of the population; the second one is based on the taking of samples for a particular list of crimes, and a third is based only on the specific analysis of each case. The advantages and disadvantages of each system are compared and controversial issues are then examined. We found the second system to be the best choice for Spain and other European countries with a similar tradition when we weighed the rights of an individual against the public's interest in the prosecution of a crime.  (+info)

Privacy Act; implementation. Office of Inspector General (OIG), HHS. Final rule. (7/272)

This final rule exempts the new system of records, the Healthcare Integrity and Protection Data Bank (HIPDB), from certain provisions of the Privacy Act (5 U.S.C. 552a). The establishment of the HIPDB is required by section 1128E of the Social Security Act (the Act), as added by section 221(a) of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) of 1996. Section 1128E of the Act directed the Secretary to establish a national health care fraud and abuse data collection program for the reporting and disclosing of certain final adverse actions taken against health care providers, suppliers or practitioners, and to maintain a data base of final adverse actions taken against health care providers, suppliers and practitioners. Regulations implementing the new HIPDB were published in the Federal Register on October 26, 1999 (64 FR 57740). The exemption being set forth in this rule applies to investigative materials compiled for law enforcement purposes.  (+info)

The road not taken. (8/272)

The annual Janet Doe Lecture was established in 1966 to honor Janet Doe, emerita librarian of the New York Academy of Medicine. The lecture focuses on either the history or philosophy of health sciences librarianship. This lecture addresses three fundamental values of the field, highlighting basic beliefs of the profession that are at risk: privacy, intellectual property rights, and access to quality information. It calls upon readers to make the everyday choices required to keep the value system of health sciences librarianship in place. Robert Frost's poignant poem "The Road Not Taken" provides the metaphor for examining choices in an information economy.  (+info)

In the context of healthcare, privacy is often referred to as the state of being free from unauthorized intrusion or observation in regards to one's personal health information. This includes maintaining confidentiality, restricting access to only those who have a legitimate need for the information, and protecting the information from being shared, disclosed, or used inappropriately. It is a fundamental right of individuals and is essential for maintaining trust in the healthcare system.

Confidentiality is a legal and ethical principle in medicine that refers to the obligation of healthcare professionals to protect the personal and sensitive information of their patients. This information, which can include medical history, diagnosis, treatment plans, and other private details, is shared between the patient and the healthcare provider with the expectation that it will be kept confidential and not disclosed to third parties without the patient's consent.

Confidentiality is a fundamental component of the trust relationship between patients and healthcare providers, as it helps to ensure that patients feel safe and comfortable sharing sensitive information with their doctors, nurses, and other members of their healthcare team. It also helps to protect patients' privacy rights and uphold their autonomy in making informed decisions about their healthcare.

There are some limited circumstances in which confidentiality may be breached, such as when there is a legal obligation to report certain types of information (e.g., suspected child abuse or neglect), or when the disclosure is necessary to protect the health and safety of the patient or others. However, these exceptions are typically narrowly defined and subject to strict guidelines and safeguards to ensure that confidentiality is protected as much as possible.

Genetic privacy is the right to control access to and use of one's genetic information. It refers to the protection of an individual's genetic data from unauthorized or unwanted disclosure, collection, storage, use, or dissemination. Genetic privacy is a subset of medical privacy and is becoming increasingly important as advances in genetic testing and research make it possible to identify and analyze an individual's DNA.

Genetic information can reveal sensitive personal details about an individual's health status, ancestry, and susceptibility to certain diseases. As such, the unauthorized disclosure or misuse of this information can have serious consequences for an individual's privacy, employment opportunities, insurance coverage, and overall well-being. Therefore, genetic privacy is a critical component of medical ethics and healthcare policy, and it is protected by various laws and regulations in many countries around the world.

Computer security, also known as cybersecurity, is the protection of computer systems and networks from theft, damage, or unauthorized access to their hardware, software, or electronic data. This can include a wide range of measures, such as:

* Using firewalls, intrusion detection systems, and other technical safeguards to prevent unauthorized access to a network
* Encrypting sensitive data to protect it from being intercepted or accessed by unauthorized parties
* Implementing strong password policies and using multi-factor authentication to verify the identity of users
* Regularly updating and patching software to fix known vulnerabilities
* Providing security awareness training to employees to help them understand the risks and best practices for protecting sensitive information
* Having a incident response plan in place to quickly and effectively respond to any potential security incidents.

The goal of computer security is to maintain the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of computer systems and data, in order to protect the privacy and safety of individuals and organizations.

The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) is a US law designed to provide privacy standards to protect patients' medical records and other health information. It sets limits on who can look at and receive your protected health information (PHI), such as doctors, hospitals and healthcare clearinghouses. It also gives patients more control over their health information by setting rules for how it can be used or disclosed. Additionally, HIPAA establishes penalties for violations of the privacy rule.

HIPAA is enforced by the Department of Health and Human Services' Office for Civil Rights (OCR). It applies to covered entities, such as healthcare providers, health plans, and healthcare clearinghouses, that handle protected health information. Business associates of these covered entities, such as claims processing companies, also must comply with HIPAA regulations.

HIPAA is composed of several rules, including the Privacy Rule, Security Rule, Breach Notification Rule, and Enforcement Rule. These rules establish national standards for the protection of certain health information. The Privacy Rule establishes guidelines for how protected health information can be used and disclosed, while the Security Rule sets forth requirements for protecting electronic PHI. The Breach Notification Rule requires covered entities to notify affected individuals, the Secretary of HHS, and in some cases the media, following a breach of unsecured PHI. The Enforcement Rule provides for investigations and penalties for violations of the HIPAA rules.

In summary, HIPAA is a US law that establishes national standards to protect individuals' medical records and personal health information by setting guidelines for how it can be used and disclosed, as well as requirements for protecting electronic PHI. It applies to healthcare providers, health plans, and healthcare clearinghouses, as well as their business associates.

Personal Health Records (PHRs) are defined as:

"An electronic application through which individuals can access, manage and share their health information, and that of others for whom they are authorized, in a private, secure, and confidential environment." (Institute of Medicine, 2011)

PHRs typically contain personal health information such as medical history, medication lists, allergies, test results, and other relevant health data. They can be managed and controlled by the individual and may be connected to or separate from electronic health records maintained by healthcare providers. PHRs allow individuals to have more active roles in managing their own health and communicating with their healthcare team.

In medical terms, disclosure generally refers to the act of revealing or sharing confidential or sensitive information with another person or entity. This can include disclosing a patient's medical history, diagnosis, treatment plan, or other personal health information to the patient themselves, their family members, or other healthcare providers involved in their care.

Disclosure is an important aspect of informed consent, as patients have the right to know their medical condition and the risks and benefits of various treatment options. Healthcare providers are required to disclose relevant information to their patients in a clear and understandable manner, so that they can make informed decisions about their healthcare.

In some cases, disclosure may also be required by law or professional ethical standards, such as when there is a legal obligation to report certain types of injuries or illnesses, or when there is a concern for patient safety. It is important for healthcare providers to carefully consider the potential risks and benefits of disclosure in each individual case, and to ensure that they are acting in the best interests of their patients while also protecting their privacy and confidentiality.

A Computerized Medical Record System (CMRS) is a digital version of a patient's paper chart. It contains all of the patient's medical history from multiple providers and can be shared securely between healthcare professionals. A CMRS includes a range of data such as demographics, progress notes, problems, medications, vital signs, past medical history, immunizations, laboratory data, and radiology reports. The system facilitates the storage, retrieval, and exchange of this information in an efficient manner, and can also provide decision support, alerts, reminders, and tools for performing data analysis and creating reports. It is designed to improve the quality, safety, and efficiency of healthcare delivery by providing accurate, up-to-date, and comprehensive information about patients at the point of care.

A Biological Specimen Bank, also known as a biobank or tissue bank, is a type of medical facility that collects, stores, and distributes biological samples for research purposes. These samples can include tissues, cells, DNA, blood, and other bodily fluids, and are often collected during medical procedures or from donors who have given their informed consent. The samples are then cataloged and stored in specialized conditions to preserve their quality and integrity.

Biobanks play a critical role in advancing medical research by providing researchers with access to large numbers of well-characterized biological samples. This allows them to study the underlying causes of diseases, develop new diagnostic tests and treatments, and evaluate the safety and effectiveness of drugs and other therapies. Biobanks may be established for specific research projects or as part of larger, more comprehensive efforts to build biomedical research infrastructure.

It is important to note that the use of biological specimens in research is subject to strict ethical guidelines and regulations, which are designed to protect the privacy and interests of donors and ensure that the samples are used responsibly and for legitimate scientific purposes.

Civil rights are a group of rights and protections that guarantee equal treatment to all individuals, regardless of their race, color, religion, sex, national origin, age, disability, or other characteristics. These rights are enshrined in the laws and constitutions of various countries and include freedoms such as the right to vote, the right to a fair trial, the right to equal protection under the law, and the right to freedom of speech, religion, and assembly.

In the United States, the Civil Rights Act of 1964 is a landmark piece of legislation that prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin in employment, education, and access to public accommodations. Other important civil rights laws in the U.S. include the Voting Rights Act of 1965, which protects the right to vote, and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, which prohibits discrimination against people with disabilities.

Violations of civil rights can take many forms, including discrimination, harassment, intimidation, and violence. Those whose civil rights have been violated may be entitled to legal remedies, such as damages, injunctions, or orders for relief.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "security measures" is not a term that has a specific medical definition. It is a more general term that can be applied to various fields, including healthcare, and refers to the steps or actions taken to protect individuals, data, or systems from harm or unauthorized access. In a medical context, security measures might include things like physical security measures to protect patients and staff (such as locks on doors and surveillance cameras), as well as cybersecurity measures to protect patient data (such as encryption and firewalls).

Informed consent is a process in medical care where patients are provided with all relevant information about their health status, proposed treatments, potential risks and benefits, and alternative options. This allows patients to make informed decisions regarding their healthcare and understand the consequences of their choices. The process includes ensuring that the patient has adequate mental capacity to make such decisions, is fully aware of the implications, and gives their voluntary agreement for the proposed treatment or procedure. It's a fundamental principle in medical ethics and is required by law in many jurisdictions to protect patients' rights.

Health Information Management (HIM) is the practice of acquiring, analyzing, and protecting digital and traditional medical data for the purpose of ensuring accurate and timely health care services, conducting research, and making informed decisions. It involves the use of various technologies, standards, and policies to manage health information and communicate it effectively among healthcare professionals, patients, and other stakeholders. HIM professionals include health information technicians, coders, managers, and analysts who work in hospitals, clinics, physician practices, government agencies, and other healthcare settings.

An Electronic Health Record (EHR) is a digital version of a patient's medical history that is stored and maintained electronically rather than on paper. It contains comprehensive information about a patient's health status, including their medical history, medications, allergies, test results, immunization records, and other relevant health information. EHRs can be shared among authorized healthcare providers, which enables better coordination of care, improved patient safety, and more efficient delivery of healthcare services.

EHRs are designed to provide real-time, patient-centered records that make it easier for healthcare providers to access up-to-date and accurate information about their patients. They can also help reduce errors, prevent duplicative tests and procedures, and improve communication among healthcare providers. EHRs may include features such as clinical decision support tools, which can alert healthcare providers to potential drug interactions or other health risks based on a patient's medical history.

EHRs are subject to various regulations and standards to ensure the privacy and security of patients' health information. In the United States, for example, EHRs must comply with the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) Privacy Rule, which sets national standards for the protection of personal health information.

Patient access to records refers to the ability of patients to view, obtain copies, and/or request amendments to their own medical records maintained by healthcare providers or organizations. This right is based on the principle that patients have a legal and ethical right to access their personal health information, which enables them to be actively involved in their healthcare decisions, ensure accuracy of their records, and facilitate continuity of care.

Patient access to records typically includes various types of medical information such as diagnoses, medications, treatment plans, laboratory test results, immunization records, and other relevant documentation. Access may be provided through various means, including online patient portals, paper copies, or electronic files, depending on the policies and practices of the healthcare organization.

In many jurisdictions, patient access to records is protected by laws and regulations that govern the privacy and security of personal health information. Healthcare providers are required to establish procedures for patients to request and receive access to their medical records in a timely and secure manner, while also ensuring that appropriate safeguards are in place to protect the confidentiality of sensitive medical information.

Patient rights refer to the ethical principles, legal regulations, and professional guidelines that protect and ensure the autonomy, dignity, and well-being of patients during healthcare encounters. These rights encompass various aspects of patient care, including informed consent, privacy, confidentiality, access to medical records, freedom from abuse and discrimination, pain management, and communication with healthcare providers.

The specific components of patient rights may vary depending on the jurisdiction and legal framework but generally include:

1. Right to receive information: Patients have the right to obtain accurate, clear, and comprehensive information about their health status, diagnosis, treatment options, benefits, risks, and prognosis in a manner they can understand. This includes the right to ask questions and seek clarification.
2. Informed consent: Patients have the right to make informed decisions about their care based on complete and accurate information. They must be given sufficient time and support to consider their options and provide voluntary, informed consent before any treatment or procedure is performed.
3. Privacy and confidentiality: Patients have the right to privacy during medical examinations and treatments. Healthcare providers must protect patients' personal and medical information from unauthorized access, disclosure, or use.
4. Access to medical records: Patients have the right to access their medical records and obtain copies of them in a timely manner. They can also request amendments to their records if they believe there are errors or inaccuracies.
5. Freedom from discrimination: Patients have the right to receive care without discrimination based on race, ethnicity, national origin, religion, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, age, disability, or socioeconomic status.
6. Pain management: Patients have the right to appropriate pain assessment and management, including access to palliative and hospice care when appropriate.
7. Refusal of treatment: Patients have the right to refuse any treatment or procedure, even if it may be life-saving, as long as they are competent to make that decision and understand the consequences.
8. Communication and language assistance: Patients have the right to clear, effective communication with their healthcare providers, including access to interpreters or other necessary language assistance services.
9. Respect and dignity: Patients have the right to be treated with respect, dignity, and consideration during all aspects of their care.
10. Complaint resolution: Patients have the right to voice concerns about their care and receive timely responses from healthcare providers or institutions. They also have the right to file complaints with regulatory bodies if necessary.

I'm happy to help! However, I must clarify that "information dissemination" is not a medical term per se, but rather a general term used in various fields, including healthcare and medicine. It refers to the process of spreading or distributing information to a specific audience or the public.

In the context of medicine and healthcare, information dissemination often relates to sharing clinical guidelines, research findings, public health messages, or patient education materials with healthcare professionals, patients, or the general public. This can occur through various channels, such as scientific conferences, peer-reviewed journals, newsletters, websites, social media platforms, and other communication methods.

The goal of information dissemination in medicine is to ensure that accurate, evidence-based, and up-to-date information reaches the intended audience, ultimately improving healthcare quality, patient outcomes, and decision-making processes.

A Patient Identification System is a type of healthcare software that is designed to accurately and reliably identify patients across various encounters, locations, and care settings within a healthcare organization or system. The primary goal of these systems is to ensure that each patient's health information is linked to the correct medical record, thereby reducing the risk of errors due to misidentification.

Patient Identification Systems typically use a variety of methods to identify patients, such as demographic data (e.g., name, date of birth, gender, address), biometric data (e.g., fingerprints, iris scans), and other unique identifiers (e.g., medical record numbers, health insurance numbers). These systems may also include features for matching patient records across different healthcare organizations or systems, as well as tools for reconciling discrepancies in patient information.

The use of Patient Identification Systems can help to improve the quality and safety of healthcare by reducing the risk of medical errors due to misidentification, enhancing the accuracy of clinical decision-making, and facilitating more effective communication and coordination of care among healthcare providers.

Computer communication networks (CCN) refer to the interconnected systems or groups of computers that are able to communicate and share resources and information with each other. These networks may be composed of multiple interconnected devices, including computers, servers, switches, routers, and other hardware components. The connections between these devices can be established through various types of media, such as wired Ethernet cables or wireless Wi-Fi signals.

CCNs enable the sharing of data, applications, and services among users and devices, and they are essential for supporting modern digital communication and collaboration. Some common examples of CCNs include local area networks (LANs), wide area networks (WANs), and the Internet. These networks can be designed and implemented in various topologies, such as star, ring, bus, mesh, and tree configurations, to meet the specific needs and requirements of different organizations and applications.

Biomedical research is a branch of scientific research that involves the study of biological processes and diseases in order to develop new treatments and therapies. This type of research often involves the use of laboratory techniques, such as cell culture and genetic engineering, as well as clinical trials in humans. The goal of biomedical research is to advance our understanding of how living organisms function and to find ways to prevent and treat various medical conditions. It encompasses a wide range of disciplines, including molecular biology, genetics, immunology, pharmacology, and neuroscience, among others. Ultimately, the aim of biomedical research is to improve human health and well-being.

I'm happy to help! However, it looks like you are asking for a medical definition of "Information Management." It is important to note that "Information Management" is not a medical term per se, but rather a general term used in many fields, including healthcare. Here's a possible definition of Information Management in the context of healthcare:

Information Management (in healthcare) refers to the systematic processes and practices used to collect, store, distribute, retrieve, and dispose of health information in an accurate, confidential, timely, and efficient manner. It involves the use of technology, policies, procedures, and personnel to ensure that health information is accessible, secure, and used appropriately for patient care, research, quality improvement, and other purposes. Effective Information Management is critical for ensuring high-quality healthcare, improving patient outcomes, and complying with legal and regulatory requirements related to privacy and security of health information.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "United States" is a geopolitical entity, specifically the name of the country consisting of 50 states, and it is not a medical term or concept. Therefore, I can't provide a medical definition for it. If you have any questions related to health, medicine, or biology, I would be happy to try to help answer those!

Government regulation in the context of medicine refers to the rules, guidelines, and laws established by government agencies to control, monitor, and standardize various aspects of healthcare. These regulations are designed to protect patients, promote public health, ensure quality of care, and regulate the healthcare industry. Examples of government regulation in medicine include:

1. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulations for drug approval, medical device clearance, and food safety.
2. Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) regulations for healthcare reimbursement, quality measures, and program eligibility.
3. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) regulations for workplace safety in healthcare settings.
4. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulations to minimize environmental impacts from healthcare facilities and pharmaceutical manufacturing.
5. State medical boards' regulations for licensing, disciplining, and monitoring physicians and other healthcare professionals.
6. Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) regulations for patient privacy and data security.
7. Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (CLIA) regulations for laboratory testing quality and standards.
8. Federal Trade Commission (FTC) regulations to prevent deceptive or unfair trade practices in healthcare marketing and advertising.
9. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) guidelines for evidence-based practice and patient safety.
10. Public Health Service Act (PHSA) regulations related to infectious diseases, bioterrorism preparedness, and substance abuse treatment.

Medical records are organized, detailed collections of information about a patient's health history, including their symptoms, diagnoses, treatments, medications, test results, and any other relevant data. These records are created and maintained by healthcare professionals during the course of providing medical care and serve as an essential tool for continuity, communication, and decision-making in healthcare. They may exist in paper form, electronic health records (EHRs), or a combination of both. Medical records also play a critical role in research, quality improvement, public health, reimbursement, and legal proceedings.

Pastoral care in a medical context is a type of support that focuses on the spiritual and emotional well-being of patients, families, and healthcare providers. It involves addressing the non-physical needs of individuals and helping them cope with the challenges of illness, injury, or hospitalization. Pastoral care practitioners may provide counseling, guidance, and advocacy for patients and their families, as well as offer spiritual support through prayer, sacraments, or other religious practices. The goal of pastoral care is to promote healing, comfort, and hope during difficult times. It is often provided by chaplains, clergy members, or other trained professionals who work in hospitals, hospices, clinics, and other healthcare settings.

Medical record linkage is the process of connecting and integrating electronic health records or other forms of medical records from different sources, time points, or healthcare providers for an individual patient. The goal is to create a comprehensive, longitudinal medical history for that person, which can improve continuity of care, support clinical decision-making, enable epidemiological research, and facilitate public health surveillance.

Record linkage typically involves the use of deterministic (exact match) or probabilistic (statistical) algorithms to identify and merge records belonging to the same individual based on various identifiers, such as name, date of birth, gender, and other demographic information. It is essential to maintain privacy, confidentiality, and data security throughout this process, often requiring strict adherence to legal and ethical guidelines.

Data collection in the medical context refers to the systematic gathering of information relevant to a specific research question or clinical situation. This process involves identifying and recording data elements, such as demographic characteristics, medical history, physical examination findings, laboratory results, and imaging studies, from various sources including patient interviews, medical records, and diagnostic tests. The data collected is used to support clinical decision-making, inform research hypotheses, and evaluate the effectiveness of treatments or interventions. It is essential that data collection is performed in a standardized and unbiased manner to ensure the validity and reliability of the results.

The "duty to warn" is a legal and ethical obligation that healthcare professionals have to inform their patients or others who may be at risk of harm from the actions or behaviors of their patient. This duty arises from the principle of non-maleficence, which requires doctors to avoid causing harm to their patients.

In the context of medical practice, the duty to warn typically applies when a patient has a mental illness or condition that makes them a danger to themselves or others. For example, if a psychiatrist determines that their patient poses a serious threat of violence to a specific individual, they may have a legal and ethical obligation to warn that person or take other steps to protect them from harm.

The specifics of the duty to warn can vary depending on the jurisdiction and the circumstances involved. In some cases, healthcare professionals may be required to report certain types of threats or behaviors to law enforcement authorities. Ultimately, the goal of the duty to warn is to prevent harm and promote the safety and well-being of patients and others who may be at risk.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Internet" is a term that pertains to the global network of interconnected computers and servers that enable the transmission and reception of data via the internet protocol (IP). It is not a medical term and does not have a specific medical definition. If you have any questions related to medicine or health, I'd be happy to try to help answer them for you!

Genetic research is a branch of biomedical science that involves the study of genes, their functions, and heredity. It aims to understand how genetic variations contribute to human health and disease by using various scientific approaches such as genetics, genomics, molecular biology, biochemistry, and bioinformatics.

Genetic research can be conducted on humans, animals, or plants, and it can focus on a variety of areas including:

1. Identifying genes associated with specific diseases or traits
2. Understanding how genes are regulated and expressed
3. Investigating the role of genetic mutations in disease development
4. Developing new diagnostic tests and treatments based on genetic information
5. Exploring evolutionary relationships between species
6. Examining ethical, legal, and social implications of genetic research.

Genetic research has led to significant advances in our understanding of many diseases, including cancer, diabetes, heart disease, and neurological disorders. It also holds great promise for personalized medicine, which tailors treatments to individual patients based on their genetic makeup.

Research ethics refers to the principles and guidelines that govern the conduct of research involving human participants or animals. The overarching goal of research ethics is to ensure that research is conducted in a way that respects the autonomy, dignity, and well-being of all those involved. Research ethics are designed to prevent harm, promote fairness, and maintain trust between researchers and study participants.

Some key principles of research ethics include:

1. Respect for Persons: This means treating all individuals with respect and dignity, and recognizing their autonomy and right to make informed decisions about participating in research.
2. Beneficence: Researchers have a duty to maximize the benefits of research while minimizing potential harms.
3. Justice: Research should be conducted fairly, without discrimination or bias, and should benefit all those who are affected by it.
4. Confidentiality: Researchers must protect the privacy and confidentiality of study participants, including their personal information and data.
5. Informed Consent: Participants must give their voluntary and informed consent to participate in research, after being fully informed about the nature of the study, its risks and benefits, and their rights as a participant.

Research ethics are typically overseen by institutional review boards (IRBs) or research ethics committees (RECs), which review research proposals and monitor ongoing studies to ensure that they comply with ethical guidelines. Researchers who violate these guidelines may face sanctions, including loss of funding, suspension or revocation of their research privileges, or legal action.

In medical and legal contexts, a minor is a person who has not yet reached the age of majority. The age of majority varies depending on the jurisdiction but is generally 18 or 21 years old. Minors are considered to be legally incompetent to make certain decisions for themselves, such as consenting to medical treatment or signing a contract. Therefore, in healthcare settings, minors typically require the consent of a parent or guardian before receiving medical care, except in specific circumstances where the minor is deemed mature enough to make their own decisions (e.g., emancipated minors).

In the context of healthcare, an Information System (IS) is a set of components that work together to collect, process, store, and distribute health information. This can include hardware, software, data, people, and procedures that are used to create, process, and communicate information.

Healthcare IS support various functions within a healthcare organization, such as:

1. Clinical information systems: These systems support clinical workflows and decision-making by providing access to patient records, order entry, results reporting, and medication administration records.
2. Financial information systems: These systems manage financial transactions, including billing, claims processing, and revenue cycle management.
3. Administrative information systems: These systems support administrative functions, such as scheduling appointments, managing patient registration, and tracking patient flow.
4. Public health information systems: These systems collect, analyze, and disseminate public health data to support disease surveillance, outbreak investigation, and population health management.

Healthcare IS must comply with various regulations, including the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA), which governs the privacy and security of protected health information (PHI). Effective implementation and use of healthcare IS can improve patient care, reduce errors, and increase efficiency within healthcare organizations.

Medical Informatics, also known as Healthcare Informatics, is the scientific discipline that deals with the systematic processing and analysis of data, information, and knowledge in healthcare and biomedicine. It involves the development and application of theories, methods, and tools to create, acquire, store, retrieve, share, use, and reuse health-related data and knowledge for clinical, educational, research, and administrative purposes. Medical Informatics encompasses various areas such as bioinformatics, clinical informatics, consumer health informatics, public health informatics, and translational bioinformatics. It aims to improve healthcare delivery, patient outcomes, and biomedical research through the effective use of information technology and data management strategies.

Adolescent medicine is a medical specialty focused on the unique health care needs of patients between the ages of 10-25. This includes physical, mental, and emotional health concerns that are specific to this age group, such as:

* Growth and development
* Sexual and reproductive health
* Substance use and abuse
* Mental health disorders
* Eating disorders
* Chronic illness management
* Injury prevention and management

Healthcare providers who specialize in adolescent medicine are trained to understand the physical, emotional, and social challenges that adolescents face during this transitional stage of life. They work closely with patients and their families to provide comprehensive care, including preventive services, education, and treatment for acute and chronic conditions.

In addition to medical training, adolescent medicine specialists may also have expertise in psychology, sociology, public health, and education to help them address the complex needs of this population.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Social Media" is a term related to communication technologies, particularly websites and applications that enable users to create and share content or to participate in social networking. It is not a medical concept or term, and therefore, it does not have a medical definition. If you have any questions about medical terms or concepts, I'd be happy to help with those!

Biometric identification is the use of automated processes to identify a person based on their unique physical or behavioral characteristics. These characteristics, known as biometrics, can include fingerprints, facial recognition, iris scans, voice patterns, and other distinctive traits that are difficult to replicate or forge. Biometric identification systems work by capturing and analyzing these features with specialized hardware and software, comparing them against a database of known individuals to find a match.

Biometric identification is becoming increasingly popular in security applications, such as access control for buildings and devices, border control, and law enforcement. It offers several advantages over traditional methods of identification, such as passwords or ID cards, which can be lost, stolen, or easily replicated. By contrast, biometric traits are unique to each individual and cannot be easily changed or duplicated.

However, there are also concerns around privacy and the potential for misuse of biometric data. It is important that appropriate safeguards are in place to protect individuals' personal information and prevent unauthorized access or use.

Medical ethics is a branch of ethics that deals with moral issues in medical care, research, and practice. It provides a framework for addressing questions related to patient autonomy, informed consent, confidentiality, distributive justice, beneficentia (doing good), and non-maleficence (not doing harm). Medical ethics also involves the application of ethical principles such as respect for persons, beneficence, non-maleficence, and justice to specific medical cases and situations. It is a crucial component of medical education and practice, helping healthcare professionals make informed decisions that promote patient well-being while respecting their rights and dignity.

Consumer health information (CHI) refers to the resources and materials that provide health information and education to the general public, who are not necessarily healthcare professionals. CHI is designed to be understandable and accessible to laypeople, and it covers a wide range of topics related to health and wellness, including:

* Diseases and conditions
* Preventive care and healthy lifestyles
* Medications and treatments
* Medical tests and procedures
* Healthcare services and facilities
* Patient rights and responsibilities

CHI can be found in various formats, such as pamphlets, brochures, websites, videos, podcasts, and social media. It is essential to ensure that CHI is accurate, unbiased, and up-to-date to help consumers make informed decisions about their health and healthcare. The goal of CHI is to empower individuals to take an active role in managing their health and making healthcare choices that are right for them.

An Ethics Committee for Research, also known as an Institutional Review Board (IRB), is a group that has been formally designated to review, approve, monitor, and revise biomedical and behavioral research involving humans. The purpose of the committee is to ensure that the rights and welfare of the participants are protected and that the risks involved in the research are minimized and reasonable in relation to the anticipated benefits.

The committee typically includes members with various backgrounds, including scientists, non-scientists, and community members. They review the research protocol, informed consent documents, and any other relevant materials to ensure that they meet ethical standards and regulations. The committee also monitors the progress of the research to ensure that it continues to be conducted in an ethical manner.

The role of ethics committees for research is critical in protecting human subjects from harm and ensuring that research is conducted with integrity, respect, and transparency.

An ethics consultation is a process in which healthcare professionals seek guidance and advice on ethical issues related to patient care from an expert panel or individual with specialized knowledge and training in medical ethics. The consultation may be requested by any member of the healthcare team, as well as patients and their families, when there are concerns about moral values, principles, and duties that arise during clinical decision-making.

The primary goal of an ethics consultation is to identify and analyze ethical dilemmas, clarify relevant ethical considerations, and provide recommendations for a course of action that respects the autonomy, beneficence, nonmaleficence, and justice for all parties involved. The process typically involves gathering information about the case, identifying key ethical issues, consulting with relevant stakeholders, and formulating a plan to address the concerns raised.

Ethics consultations can be helpful in situations where there is disagreement among healthcare providers or between patients and their caregivers regarding treatment options, goals of care, end-of-life decisions, informed consent, confidentiality, resource allocation, and other ethical challenges that arise in clinical practice. The recommendations provided by an ethics consultation are advisory in nature and do not replace the legal or professional responsibilities of healthcare providers.

The United States Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) is not a medical term per se, but it is a government organization that oversees and provides funding for many public health initiatives, services, and institutions in the United States. Here's a brief definition:

The HHS is a cabinet-level department in the US federal government responsible for protecting the health of all Americans and providing essential human services. It achieves this by promoting effective and efficient delivery of high-quality healthcare, conducting critical medical research through its agencies, such as the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and enforcing public health laws and regulations, including those related to food safety, through its agencies, such as the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Additionally, HHS oversees the Medicare and Medicaid programs, which provide healthcare coverage for millions of elderly, disabled, and low-income Americans.

Telemedicine is the use of digital information and communication technologies, such as computers and mobile devices, to provide healthcare services remotely. It can include a wide range of activities, such as providing patient consultations via video conferencing, monitoring a patient's health and vital signs using remote monitoring tools, or providing continuing medical education to healthcare professionals using online platforms.

Telemedicine allows patients to receive medical care from the comfort of their own homes, and it enables healthcare providers to reach patients who may not have easy access to care due to geographical distance or mobility issues. It can also help to reduce the cost of healthcare by decreasing the need for in-person visits and reducing the demand on hospital resources.

Telemedicine is an important tool for improving access to healthcare, particularly in rural areas where there may be a shortage of healthcare providers. It can also be used to provide specialty care to patients who may not have easy access to specialists in their local area. Overall, telemedicine has the potential to improve the quality and efficiency of healthcare while making it more convenient and accessible for patients.

I'm not aware of a specific medical definition for "personal space" as it is more commonly used in the context of social sciences and psychology. However, personal space generally refers to an invisible bubble or zone surrounding a person which they consider psychologically theirs. The size and proximity of this space can vary depending on cultural norms, personal preferences, and relationship between people. Intrusion into one's personal space can lead to feelings of discomfort, anxiety, or stress. While not a medical term per se, understanding the concept of personal space is important in healthcare settings as it relates to patient comfort, communication, and satisfaction during care provision.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "public opinion" is not a term that has a medical definition. Public opinion refers to the collective views, attitudes, and beliefs held by a group or society about a particular issue or topic. It is typically formed through interaction, discussion, and various forms of communication within a community or population. If you have any questions related to healthcare or medicine, I'd be happy to help with those!

'Healthcare Records' or 'Medical Records' are defined as systematic collections of comprehensive information about a patient's health status, including their medical history, demographics, medications, treatment plans, progress notes, laboratory test results, imaging studies, and any other relevant healthcare-related information. These records serve as a vital tool for healthcare providers to make informed decisions regarding diagnosis, treatment, and ongoing care of patients. They also play a crucial role in maintaining continuity of care, supporting research and education, ensuring legal and ethical compliance, and improving overall healthcare quality and safety. Healthcare records may be maintained in paper form or digitally, following specific standards and regulations to ensure accuracy, confidentiality, and easy accessibility.

Medical Informatics Applications refer to the use of information technologies and computer systems in the field of healthcare and medicine, for the collection, storage, processing, retrieval, and exchange of health-related data and information. These applications support clinical decision-making, research, education, management, and other areas of healthcare delivery, by providing timely and accurate information to healthcare professionals, patients, and other stakeholders. Examples of medical informatics applications include electronic health records (EHRs), computerized physician order entry (CPOE) systems, clinical decision support systems (CDSSs), telemedicine systems, and health information exchange (HIE) platforms.

A research subject, also commonly referred to as a "human subject" or "participant," is an individual who takes part in a research study or clinical trial. Research subjects are essential for the advancement of medical and scientific knowledge, as they provide data that can help researchers understand various phenomena, develop new treatments, and improve existing ones.

The term "research subject" emphasizes the ethical considerations involved in conducting research with human participants. It highlights the importance of protecting their rights, dignity, and well-being throughout the study. Researchers must obtain informed consent from subjects before enrolling them in a study, ensuring that they understand the purpose, procedures, potential risks, and benefits associated with the research.

Additionally, researchers are required to follow strict guidelines and regulations to minimize any harm or discomfort to the research subjects during the study. These guidelines may include requirements for data confidentiality, privacy protection, and monitoring of adverse events. Overall, treating research subjects with respect and care is crucial in maintaining the integrity of medical research and ensuring its societal benefits.

Directed tissue donation is the process by which a person designates a specific individual as the recipient of their donated tissues, such as corneas, heart valves, or skin, after their death. This allows the donor to make a direct and meaningful impact on the life of someone they know or are related to who may be in need of a tissue transplant. It is important to note that the final determination of whether the tissues are suitable for transplantation will be made by medical professionals at the time of donation, taking into account various factors such as the donor's medical history and cause of death. Directed tissue donation can provide comfort and solace to both the donor and their loved ones, knowing that they have been able to help someone in need even after their passing.

Copyright is a legal concept that gives the creator of an original work exclusive rights to its use and distribution, usually for a limited period of time. In the medical field, copyright protection can apply to various works such as medical textbooks, journal articles, educational materials, software, and multimedia presentations. It is important to note that copyright law seeks to strike a balance between protecting the rights of creators and promoting the progress of science and knowledge by allowing for limited use of copyrighted material under certain circumstances, such as fair use.

It's worth mentioning that while copyright protection can apply to medical works, there are also exceptions and limitations to copyright law that may allow for the use of copyrighted material without permission from the copyright owner in certain situations. For example, in the United States, the "fair use" doctrine allows for limited use of copyrighted material without obtaining permission from the copyright owner, depending on factors such as the purpose and character of the use, the nature of the copyrighted work, the amount and substantiality of the portion used, and the effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work.

When using medical works that are protected by copyright, it is important to obtain permission from the copyright owner or ensure that the use falls under an exception or limitation to copyright law, such as fair use, in order to avoid infringing on the exclusive rights of the copyright owner.

"Personal Autonomy" is not a medical term per se, but it is often used in medical ethics and patient care. It refers to the ability of an individual to make informed decisions about their own health and healthcare, based on their own values, beliefs, and preferences, without undue influence or coercion from others. This includes the right to accept or refuse medical treatment, to maintain confidentiality, and to participate in shared decision-making with healthcare providers. Personal autonomy is recognized as a fundamental principle in medical ethics and patient rights, and is protected by laws and regulations in many countries.

"Focus groups" is a term from the field of social science research, rather than medicine. It does not have a specific medical definition. However, focus groups are sometimes used in medical research to gather data and insights from a small group of people on a specific topic or product. This can include gathering feedback on patient experiences, testing prototypes of medical devices or treatments, or exploring attitudes and perceptions related to health issues. The goal is to gain a deeper understanding of the perspectives and needs of the target population through facilitated group discussion.

Consent forms are documents used in medical settings to obtain a patient's voluntary and informed agreement to undergo a specific medical procedure, treatment, or participate in research. These forms typically outline the nature of the proposed intervention, its purpose, risks, benefits, alternatives, and any potential complications or side effects. The patient is provided with sufficient time and opportunity to ask questions, seek clarification, and discuss concerns with their healthcare provider before making a decision. By signing the consent form, the patient acknowledges that they have been fully informed about the proposed intervention and understand its implications. Consent forms serve as legal records of the patient's authorization for the medical procedure or treatment, protecting both the patient and the healthcare provider in case of any disputes or complications.

"Attitude to Computers" is not a medical term or concept, but rather a social science or psychological one. It refers to an individual's feelings, beliefs, and behaviors towards computers and technology in general. This can include things like their comfort level using computers, their perception of the benefits and drawbacks of computer use, and their willingness to learn new technologies.

In some cases, a person's attitude towards computers may be influenced by factors such as their age, education level, work experience, and access to technology. For example, someone who grew up using computers and has had positive experiences with them is likely to have a more favorable attitude than someone who is not familiar with computers or has had negative experiences with them.

It's worth noting that attitudes towards computers can vary widely from person to person, and may change over time as technology evolves and becomes more integrated into daily life. Additionally, while an individual's attitude towards computers may not be a direct medical concern, it can have implications for their overall health and well-being, particularly in terms of their ability to access information, communicate with others, and participate in modern society.

I could not find a specific medical definition for "outsourced services" as it is more commonly used in business and management to describe the practice of contracting certain tasks or operations to an external company or organization. However, in a general healthcare context, outsourced services refer to the contracting of various non-clinical support functions or services to external entities. These may include:

1. Administrative tasks: Billing, coding, transcription, and scheduling can be handled by outside companies specializing in these areas.
2. IT infrastructure management: Healthcare organizations may outsource the maintenance and management of their IT systems, networks, and data storage to external IT service providers.
3. Human resources: Recruitment, employee benefits management, and payroll processing can be managed by third-party human resource firms.
4. Facilities management: Maintenance, cleaning, and security services for healthcare facilities can be contracted to external companies.
5. Biomedical equipment maintenance: Healthcare organizations may outsource the servicing and repair of medical devices and equipment to specialized vendors.
6. Revenue cycle management: Specialized firms can manage the entire revenue cycle process, including claims processing, payment posting, and accounts receivable follow-up.
7. Clinical research support services: Contract research organizations (CROs) provide various services related to clinical trials, such as study design, data management, and biostatistical analysis.
8. Telemedicine platforms: Healthcare organizations may partner with telemedicine companies to offer remote consultations and patient monitoring services.
9. Medical waste disposal: The handling and disposal of medical waste can be contracted to external companies that specialize in this field.
10. Legal, compliance, and risk management services: Law firms or consulting organizations can provide guidance on regulatory requirements, compliance matters, and risk mitigation strategies.

International Privacy Index world map, The 2007 International Privacy Ranking, Privacy International (London). "Privacy" entry ... Privacy is regulated in the US by the Privacy Act of 1974, and various state laws. The Privacy Act of 1974 only applies to ... The privacy calculus model posits that two factors determine privacy behavior, namely privacy concerns (or perceived risks) and ... Jensen, Carlos (2004). Privacy policies as decision-making tools: an evaluation of online privacy notices. CHI. "The Privacy ...
Think Before You Type: A Look At Email Privacy In The Workplace (Privacy, Workplace, Privacy in Canada). ... Workplace privacy involves the employer putting in the effort to protect employee privacy from both within the firm and outside ... See Electronic Communications Privacy Act § Employee Privacy. A 2005 survey of more than 500 U.S. companies found that over ... Workplace privacy of employees also involves privacy of using approved websites on firm computers without monitoring. ...
... may refer to: A room divider, especially one used for privacy while changing. A type of monitor filter that ... This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Privacy screen. If an internal link led you here, you may ...
... s are guidelines intended to allow computation while still protecting the individuals involved. It can be ... "Identity and Privacy, Carnegie Mellon University" (PDF). (Articles needing additional references from March 2011, All articles ... needing additional references, Privacy, Secrecy, Information sensitivity). ...
... one is general privacy and the other is system-specific privacy. System-specific privacy focuses on beliefs regarding the ... Airport privacy involves the right of personal privacy for passengers when it comes to screening procedures, surveillance, and ... In the Lopez Ostra v Spain, the European Court of Human Rights ruled that odor does in fact have an effect on privacy and human ... The Privacy Act of 1974 protects personal information when it is being processed by the federal government. The following cases ...
... may refer to: Privacy Commissioner of Canada Privacy Commissioner (New Zealand) This disambiguation page ... lists articles associated with the title Privacy Commissioner. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the ...
"Building a Global Privacy Movement". Privacy International. Retrieved 23 February 2017. "Brief of Amici Curiae: Privacy ... gender issues and the right to privacy, and medical privacy. In 2013, Privacy International publicized the links between ... Privacy International (PI) is a UK-based registered charity that defends and promotes the right to privacy across the world. ... Privacy International's Articles of Association state that the charity's objective is to promote the human right of privacy ...
Different from the privacy of the general public, 'Celebrity Privacy' is considered as "controlled publicity," challenged by ... Some national and state governments set up privacy laws mainly to protect celebrity privacy and their family members. The legal ... easily violating the right to privacy. The government has imposed legal regulations considering the right to privacy for ... This invasion of privacy causes their private lives to be governed by the public. Jamie Nordhaus says, "The boundaries of ...
... will also be available on Android. On September 7, 2023, Google announced general availability of Privacy ... "Privacy Sandbox for the Web reaches general availability - The Privacy Sandbox". privacysandbox.com. Retrieved 2023-09-08. ... Proposals in the Privacy Sandbox follow the idea of k-anonymity and are based on advertising to groups of people called cohorts ... The Privacy Sandbox is an initiative led by Google to create web standards for websites to access user information without ...
"Tutorial on how to remove Privacy Center". BleepingComputer. March 25, 2009. Retrieved 2019-10-12. "Privacy Center - Virus ... Privacy Center is a form of scareware that hijacks Microsoft Windows operating systems. It masquerades as a spyware remover, ... Unlike other rogue anti-viruses, Privacy Center has the capability of running in safe mode. Attempts to close the system tray ... In August 2009, it was reported that Privacy Center can embed itself in another rogue anti-virus called PC AntiSpyware 2010. " ...
US state privacy laws (e.g., California Consumer Privacy Act, California Privacy Rights Act, or Virginia Consumer Data ... ISBN 9781107076075 Genetic Information Privacy, EFF Medical and Genetic Privacy, ACLU Genetic Privacy Laws, NCSL (Articles with ... Genetic privacy involves the concept of personal privacy concerning the storing, repurposing, provision to third parties, and ... Shi, Xinghua; Wu, Xintao (January 2017). "An overview of human genetic privacy: An overview of human genetic privacy". Annals ...
A privacy platform is a piece of software or a system that is designed to retain the privacy of its users and operators. ... Private.Me Geens.com Schweighofer, Erich; Leitold, Herbert; Mitrakas, Andreas; Rannenberg, Kai (2017-10-10). Privacy ... Technologies and Policy: 5th Annual Privacy Forum, APF 2017, Vienna, Austria, June 7-8, 2017, Revised Selected Papers. Springer ... Privacy software, All stub articles, Software stubs). ...
... license Electronic Frontier Foundation "Privacy Badger FAQ". Privacy Badger. Electronic Frontier Foundation. 24 ... Privacy Badger has been noted as one recommended tool in a set of tools to protect online privacy. In October 2020, following ... "Privacy Badger Is Changing to Protect You Better". Privacy Badger. Electronic Frontier Foundation. 7 October 2020. Retrieved 4 ... In April 2017, the EFF announced that Privacy Badger had surpassed one million users. Several publications reported on Privacy ...
Communication privacy management theory Default effect Internet privacy Information privacy List of Facebook features Privacy ... Privacy by design Privacy concerns with social networking services Privacy policy Right to privacy "PRIVACY SETTINGS , ... The privacy paradox is an idea that states individuals' privacy attitudes and beliefs do not match their privacy behavior. This ... Privacy settings are situated in the framework of the communication privacy management theory. This theory states that privacy ...
... fixation times were longer for privacy icons then for privacy text or non-privacy content. Research by Miyazaki et al. has ... Effects of Privacy Warnings and Privacy Seals on Risk Assessment and Online Privacy Behavior". Journal of Consumer Affairs. 41 ... Privacy seals do not mitigate risk, they are a safety heuristic. Privacy seals have landed in hot water in the past due to slip ... While privacy seals do not inform users about privacy like disclosure notices, they serve as a learning tool. Users can go to ...
Senate.gov Understanding HIPAA Privacy, HHS.gov Health information privacy, HHS.gov Notice of HIPAA Privacy Practices. Privacy ... The Privacy Act 1988 provides the legal framework for privacy in Australia. It includes a number of national privacy principles ... FTC Privacy Initiatives, FTC.gov Data Privacy, A Safe Harbor Approach To Privacy: TRUSTe Recommendations, Center for Democracy ... A privacy policy is a statement or legal document (in privacy law) that discloses some or all of the ways a party gathers, uses ...
"Privacy, Donmar Warehouse, review". Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 8 April 2017. Brantley, Ben (18 July 2016). "Review: 'Privacy,' ... Privacy is a 2014 play by James Graham. The play looks at how the personal information we share is used by the government and ... Privacy had its world premiere production at the Donmar Warehouse, London with an official opening night on 22 April 2014, ... "Daniel Radcliffe to star in Privacy in New York". WhatsOnStage.com. Retrieved 8 April 2017. Billington, Michael (22 April 2014 ...
... ePrivacy Regulation Genetic privacy Pirate Party Privacy Privacy by design Privacy enhancing technologies Privacy law Privacy ... WS-Privacy - "Web Service Privacy" will be a specification for communicating privacy policy in web services. For example, it ... Privacy Laws by State Journals IEEE Security & Privacy magazine Transactions on Data Privacy (CS1 maint: location missing ... California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA) (California) Privacy Act (Canada) Privacy Act 1988 (Australia) Personal Data Protection ...
... is a subset of data privacy. Privacy concerns have been articulated from the beginnings of large-scale ... Those concerned about Internet privacy often cite a number of privacy risks - events that can compromise privacy - which may be ... Matt Schafer (August 2, 2010). "Privacy, Privacy, Where for Art Thou Privacy?". Lippmannwouldroll.com. Archived from the ... law Canadian privacy law European Union Data Protection Directive Privacy in English law Privacy laws in Russia Privacy laws of ...
... may refer to: Privacy Act of 1974, United States Privacy Act (Canada) Privacy Act 1988, Australia Privacy Act 2020 ... New Zealand This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Privacy Act. If an internal link led you here, ...
... information privacy, communication privacy, and individual privacy. Digital privacy has increasingly become a topic of interest ... Digital privacy is a trending social concern. For example, over the past decade, the usage of the phrase digital privacy has ... Digital privacy is often used in contexts that promote advocacy on behalf of individual and consumer privacy rights in e- ... While digital privacy is concerned with the privacy of digital information in general, in many contexts it specifically refers ...
... is a 2008 book on privacy by Daniel J. Solove. The book gives a modern history of the concept of privacy ... It provides a framework of many people's concept of privacy and the author's own theory of the outline of what privacy covers. ... One reviewer said the book "is a vital text; a must read for all who follow, or engage in, privacy debates." Doris, Martin J ( ... none listed (2010). "Understanding Privacy". docs.law.gwu.edu. Retrieved 26 February 2015. Thierer, Adam (8 November 2008). " ...
Act Driver's Privacy Protection Act Intimate Privacy Protection Act Online Privacy Protection Act Privacy Act of 1974 Privacy ... Privacy as a philosophical aspect Privacy as an economic aspect, particularly game theory Privacy as a sociological aspect The ... such as Privacy-by-Design. Towards the more implementation levels, privacy engineering employs privacy enhancing technologies ... While privacy has been developing as a legal domain, privacy engineering has only really come to the fore in recent years as ...
... implies that privacy is protected, but this depends very much on the privacy loss parameter chosen and may ... Data privacy and security. Differential privacy provides a quantified measure of privacy loss and an upper bound and allows ... The main concern with differential privacy is the trade-off between data utility and individual privacy. If the privacy loss ... Therefore, with differential privacy, the goal is to give each individual roughly the same privacy that would result from ...
... hence encompasses privacy aware and privacy preserving systems which factor in the compute design choices, ... To enhance visual privacy, a number of different technologies have been suggested. Visual Privacy is often typically applied to ... Visual privacy is the relationship between collection and dissemination of visual information, the expectation of privacy, and ... Cardea is a context-aware visual privacy protection mechanism that protects bystanders' visual privacy in photos according to ...
"Video: Chris Brown - 'Privacy'". Rap-Up.com. Retrieved 31 December 2021. "Chris Brown Prefers His "Privacy" in New Neon-colored ... Digital download "Privacy" - 3:40 Credits adapted from Tidal. "Check Out the Video for Chris Brown's "Privacy"". Complex.com. ... "Chris Brown - Privacy (Audio)". YouTube. 2017-03-24. Retrieved 2017-03-29. "Chris Brown Shoots Music Video For "Privacy"". ... "Privacy" is an R&B slow jam fully written by Brown, and produced by David Doman, with additional production done by keyboard ...
... (often called Whois privacy) is a service offered by a number of domain name registrars. A user buys privacy ... Domain slamming Internet privacy Anonymity Privacy Elliott, Kathryn. "The who, what, where, when, and why of WHOIS: Privacy and ... Others, however, handle privacy with more precaution, using measures including hosting domain names offshore and accepting ... Silverstein is well known for his anti-spam and email privacy campaigns, most notably in the case of William Silverstein v ...
Big data Information privacy Information technology management Management information systems Privacy Privacy law Privacy ... Consumer privacy is information privacy as it relates to the consumers of products and services. A variety of social, legal and ... Consumer privacy protection is the use of laws and regulations to protect individuals from privacy loss due to the failures and ... The California Consumer Privacy Act, for example, protects the use of consumer privacy data by firms and governments. This act ...
"Lescharts.com - OPHÉLIE WINTER - Privacy". Hung Medien. Retrieved June 29, 2022. "Ultratop.be - OPHÉLIE WINTER - Privacy" (in ... Privacy was released on August 28, 1998 as a CD and Vinyl. Winter went on a promotional tour to support the album. A series of ... Privacy encompasses Pop Rock, R&B, retro and contemporary pop. The album marked a drastic sound change from her previous effort ... Privacy is the second studio album by French singer, songwriter, and model Ophélie Winter. It was released on 28 August 1998 ...
"Romance Privacy" (ロマンス・プライバシー) is the 5th single by Japanese idol girl group French Kiss, a sub-unit of AKB48. It was released ...
CDCs privacy policy for how information is used, shared, and retained. ... or if authorized by a Privacy Act System of Records Notice (SORN)). It is subject to the Privacy Act if maintained in a Privacy ... Contact Privacy Office. If you have any questions regarding CDCs privacy policy or need further information, please contact ... Updates to This Privacy Policy. We will revise or update this policy from time to time. If we make significant changes to how ...
Montana Consumer Data Privacy Act, Oregon Consumer Privacy Act, Texas Data Privacy and Security Act, Utah Consumer Privacy Act ... including the California Consumer Privacy Act ( CCPA), Colorado Privacy Act, Connecticut Act Concerning Personal Data Privacy ... Privacy Policy. Last updated: January 16, 2024. This Privacy Policy includes important information about your personal data and ... Global Privacy Control signals. Stripe honors the Global Privacy Control (GPC) opt-out preference signals. Learn More. ...
What does this Privacy Policy cover?. This Privacy Policy details how we collect, receive, use, store, share, transfer and ... knows you care about how your personal information is used and shared, and we take your privacy seriously. This Privacy Policy ... If you have any questions or concerns regarding our privacy policies, please send us a detailed message to privacy@substackinc. ... This Privacy Policy includes additional notices that may apply to you if you are a California consumer. Please see the section ...
Where can I find out more about my privacy rights?. For further information about privacy and the protection of privacy, visit ... When used in this Privacy Notice, "we", "us" and "our" refer to Deloitte Global. In this Privacy Notice, information about you ... Who does this Privacy Policy apply to?. This Privacy Policy ("this Policy") applies to "Deloitte New Zealand" ("we" or "us"), ... Maintain an internal privacy policy; and. *Where appropriate or required by the Privacy Act: *include terms in our agreements ...
The Adobe Privacy Center makes it easy to find. information on privacy topics, including your choices about how we. collect and ... The Adobe Privacy Center makes it easy to find. information on privacy topics, including your choices about how we. collect and ...
... This Privacy Notice tells you how we collect and process the information from which you can be identified ... For all enquiries concerning your privacy and personal data, please contact us under the "ASK CUSTOMER SERVICE" section via ... please consult the privacy notice of the non-adidas Data Controller for more information about how they handle your personal ... When you use reCaptcha, your use of reCAPTCHA is subject to the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Use. ...
To ask questions or comment about this privacy policy and our privacy practices, contact us at privacy@bestcovery.com. ... Changes to Our Privacy Policy. It is our policy to post any changes we make to our privacy policy on this page. If we make ... Supplemental Privacy Notice for California Residents. This Supplemental Privacy Notice for California Residents supplements our ... To learn more about your California privacy rights, visit Supplemental Privacy Notice for California Residents. ...
... This PRIVACY SUPPLEMENT supplements the information contained in the Privacy Policy of WebMD LLC ... "Applicable Data Privacy Laws"). Any terms defined in our Privacy Policy or in Applicable Data Privacy Laws have the same ... including the California Consumer Privacy Act, the California Privacy Rights Act and other California privacy laws, Virginia ... Changes to this privacy notice. We reserve the right to change or modify this privacy notice and any of our Services at any ...
... we wont compromise your privacy. Read our policies on data collection as well as our terms of use when visiting the SAS ... For a privacy concern, complaint or question, reach out to our SAS Chief Privacy Officer at privacy@sas.com ... International privacy and data protection laws apply to that personal data. These privacy laws range from sector-specific ... All SAS sub-processors enter into a contract with SAS that includes data privacy and security terms reflecting our privacy ...
Our Privacy and Security Principles. We build privacy that works for everyone. Its a responsibility that comes with creating ... The Google Product Privacy Guide can help you find information about how to manage some of the privacy features built into ... Google Product Privacy Guide. As you use Gmail, Search, YouTube, and other products from Google, you have the power to control ... Privacy Policy. Explains what information we collect and why, how we use it, and how to review and update it. ...
Privacy Policy. Updated May 25, 2018. Boston University understands that collecting and processing personal information is an ... If you prefer not to have your personal data used for any or all of the above purposes, please email privacy@bu.edu or call 617 ... If you would like your data to be updated you may do so here, email privacy@bu.edu, or call 617-353-5261. ... We may change this Privacy Notice from time to time. If we make any significant changes in the way we treat your personal ...
Privacy Policy. Privacy Policy Visitors to the Maine.gov website are important to us. Maine.gov does not record personal ... State agencies may have their own privacy statements posted on their sites. Those statements will over-ride this policy only if ... To offer comments about the Maine.gov website or this Privacy Statement, contact the Maine.gov webmaster. ...
Although the U.S. gets the lions share of the debate when it comes to these privacy issues, Canada has also had to deal with ... While it was argued by the government that what one does in public view is not within the scope of ones expectation of privacy ... Of course the line drawing between privacy and law enforcement efficacy is nothing new. But in an age when technology provides ... By this rationale, it would also require a homeowner to establish a reasonable expectation of privacy in his own bedroom. ...
This Privacy Notice is designed to inform you about how we collect, use, and share your personal data through our website, ... What about my privacy?. Were big fans of privacy protection, but we do need to know some of your personal details before you ... ie/consumer-support/policy/legal/privacy-contact.html to contact us regarding this Privacy Notice or other related Privacy ... 2. PRIVACY. Our Privacy Notice is incorporated by reference into these Terms, and you understand that you are agreeing to the ...
We use cookies to make your experience better. To comply with the new e-Privacy directive, we need to ask for your consent to ...
KillerStartups is a community-focused startup ranking and news site. Sign up for our newsletter and more! ...
Privacy Policy. The personal information requested by the Office of Advancement is collected under the authority of Section 33 ... More details about the University of Albertas policy are available on the website for the Information and Privacy Office. ... The Office of Advancement adheres to the University of Albertas policy on privacy and the collection of personal information. ... c) of the Alberta Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act and will be protected under Part 2 of that Act. ...
If you have questions or comments about GAOs privacy policy, please contact the GAO Privacy Office at privacy@gao.gov. ... Consult YouTubes privacy policies for further information.. System of Records Notice. GAO is required to post a System of ... We encourage all users to read the privacy policies of the third-party sites and applications before registering or posting ... GAOs privacy policy and security notification information. ...
Changes to our Privacy Policy. We may change this privacy policy from time to time. We will post any privacy policy changes on ... Changes to Our Privacy Notice. We reserve the right to amend this privacy notice at our discretion and at any time. When we ... What this Privacy Policy covers. This Privacy Policy covers the information we collect about you when you use our products or ... To exercise your privacy rights described above, please submit a request to us by either filling out our Privacy Request Form ( ...
We may revise this Privacy Policy at any time and we will update this Privacy Policy with any revisions. By continuing to ... You can also read our Privacy Information for Young Players to help you understand how we use your information and your privacy ... This Privacy Policy explains when we collect information about you, including Personal Information ("PI"), what we collect, why ... We may retain information about you as long as it is necessary for us to fulfil the purposes outlined in this Privacy Policy. ...
At Spotify we work hard to elevate creative expression and want our community to safely present their authentic selves, but that does not mean that anything goes.. Our long-standing Platform Rules outline what is and isnt allowed on Spotify. We prioritize the review of content that impacts minors, presents a greater risk of offline harm, or may be illegal. ...
Stories such as this have many users concerned about their privacy. Last week, Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg issued an ... In the wake of privacy concerns, Facebook has added a control that allows users to opt out of the service.. Stories such as ... Privacy concerns surfaced shortly after Beacon launched a month ago, prompting the activist group MoveOn, for example, to start ... Although users have become more educated about how to use privacy controls, he says, "there is power in default settings." Many ...
When exploring medical privacy issues, its very useful to have an overview of the laws that affect control and privacy of ... When exploring medical privacy issues, its very useful to have an overview of the laws that affect control and privacy of ... Montanas New Genetic Privacy Law Caps Off Ten Years of Innovative State Privacy Protections. *English ... Help defend your right to privacy. Help defend your right to privacy. DONATE TO EFF ...
... and other important topics relating to your privacy and data protection. Last revised in October 2018. ... The 3M Global Privacy Policy page details what personal information we may collect, how we may use this information, ... Additional Privacy Rights for Residents in Certain U.S. States (including California) Exercising your Privacy Rights. You can ... In such cases, the privacy policies of the respective Business Partner apply and not this Policy. If you have any privacy ...
Internet Privacy. The ACLU works in courts, legislatures, and communities to defend and preserve the individual rights and ... Consumer Online Privacy. The ACLU works in courts, legislatures, and communities to defend and preserve the individual rights ... Email Privacy. The ACLU works in courts, legislatures, and communities to defend and preserve the individual rights and ... Social Networking Privacy. The ACLU works in courts, legislatures, and communities to defend and preserve the individual rights ...
Company officials said IBM was the first company to adopt a global privacy code of conduct, the first to adopt a genetic ... Also in her role as IBMs chief privacy officer, Peters will lead the companys global engagement in public policy and industry ... IBM claims it was the first major corporation to appoint a chief privacy officer in 2000 and has consistently applied advanced ... By signing up to receive our newsletter, you agree to our Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. ...
Security & Privacy. U Kentucky Installs New Video Management System. The University of Kentucky recently announced plans to ...
Questions About This Privacy Policy. If you have questions or concerns regarding this Privacy Policy, you should first contact ... By using our Site(s), you agree to the terms of this Privacy Policy. We may amend this Privacy Policy at any time and, as such ... Privacy Policy. Last updated & effective: November 22nd, 2023. This Privacy Policy describes our policies on the collection, ... including without limitation the California Consumer Privacy Act as amended by the California Privacy Rights Act and any ...
and our related entities ("GIA," "GIA Entities," "we," "us," or "our") respect your privacy. GIA provides this website privacy ... YouTube adheres to Googles privacy policies and principles, part of which allow you to control certain privacy settings and ... not this Privacy Notice. If you are a student, then please review the Student Privacy Notice.. GIA provides its Services across ... GIA Website Privacy Notice. Last Updated September 25, 2023, v. 5.0. 1. Introduction. Gemological Institute of America, Inc. ...
Website Privacy Statement. Austin Peay State University collects data and information from website visitors, with their ... the right to update and make changes to this privacy statement. We encourage site visitors to reference this page to remain ...
  • Apple's Privacy Policy describes how Apple collects, uses, and shares your personal data. (apple.com)
  • This Privacy Policy ("Policy") describes the Personal Data we collect, how we use and share it, along with details on how you can reach out to us with privacy-related inquiries. (stripe.com)
  • This Privacy Policy describes the ways in which cPanel, L.L.C. (cPanel, we or our) collects, uses, maintains and discloses information collected from our customers (collectively, you or your) through the use of the cPanel Product and visitors to our websites. (cpanel.net)
  • This Privacy Policy describes how, BASF Corporation and all its US Sites and US subsidiaries ('BASF,' 'we,' 'us,' or 'our') may collect information about you during your visit to this website (www.basf.com) or other websites or platforms controlled by BASF that direct visitors to this Privacy Policy ('Website'), as well as when you purchase our products and services, or otherwise communicate or interact with BASF in person or electronically. (basf.com)
  • The Online Privacy Statement and this summary apply to Cisco websites and products and services ('Solutions') that link to or reference the Online Privacy Statement and describes how we handle Personal Data and the choices available to you regarding collection, use, access, and how to update and correct your Personal Data. (cisco.com)
  • This privacy statement describes WHO's policy concerning the gathering and sharing of visitors' information through the WHO web site. (who.int)
  • You can familiarize yourself with our privacy practices, accessible via the headings below, and contact us if you have any questions. (apple.com)
  • For further information about our privacy practices, including our Supplemental U.S. Notice, please refer to our Privacy Center . (stripe.com)
  • Publishers will have their own privacy practices governing their use of Personal Information as outlined in their own terms of use and/or privacy policies. (substack.com)
  • We share personal information only as described below and with Amazon.com, Inc. and the affiliates that Amazon.com, Inc. controls that are either subject to this Privacy Notice or follow practices at least as protective as those described in this Privacy Notice. (amazon.com)
  • Our Privacy Policies and practices are designed to comply with applicable laws around the world and to earn and maintain your trust in Cisco. (cisco.com)
  • Note, additional information on our Personal Data practices with respect to Cisco Solutions may be provided in Solution-specific privacy data sheets and maps , offer descriptions, or other notices provided prior to or at the time of data collection. (cisco.com)
  • WHO is not responsible for the privacy practices or the content of such sites. (who.int)
  • Although public health officials take for granted the long-established disease surveillance system that enables them to monitor the public's health, such practices are not viewed as positively by the populace who contest the feared intrusion into what is perceived as an American's right to privacy. (cdc.gov)
  • This policy also does not apply to third-party online resources to which MSD's Web sites may link, where MSD does not control the content or the privacy practices of such resources. (msdmanuals.com)
  • MSD has received TRUSTe's Privacy Seal signifying that this privacy statement and our practices have been reviewed for compliance with the TRUSTe program requirements. (msdmanuals.com)
  • The MSD privacy program and practices comply with the APEC Cross-Border Privacy Rules system (CBPRs). (msdmanuals.com)
  • This Privacy Policy covers how Apple or an Apple-affiliated company (collectively, "Apple") handles personal data whether you interact with us on our websites, through Apple apps (such as Apple Music or Wallet), or in person (including by phone or when visiting an Apple Store). (apple.com)
  • This Privacy Policy applies to activities by The Linux Foundation and its affiliates, subsidiaries and related entities (collectively "TLF," "we" or "us"), including activities that we perform for other entities through management services agreements. (linuxfoundation.org)
  • This Privacy Notice ('Notice') is designed to inform you about how we collect, use, and share your personal data through our website (our 'Site'), products, services, and web-based and mobile applications (collectively, the 'Services') or when you interact with us. (mcafee.com)
  • cPanel has certified to the U.S. Department of Commerce that it adheres to the EU-U.S. Data Privacy Framework Principles (EU-U.S. DPF Principles) with regard to the proessing of personal data received from the European Union in reliance on the EU-U.S. DPF and from the United Kingdom (and Gibraltar) in reliance on the UK Extension to the EU-U.S. DPF. (cpanel.net)
  • If there is any conflict between the terms in this privacy policy and the EU-U.S. DPF Principles the Principles govern. (cpanel.net)
  • cPanel has certified to the U.S. Department of Commerce that it adheres to the EU-U.S. Data Privacy Framework Principles (EU-U.S. DPF Principles) with regard to the processing of personal data received from the European Union in reliance on the EU-U.S. DPF and from the United Kingdom (and Gibraltar) in reliance on the UK Extension to the EU-U.S. DPF. (cpanel.net)
  • Department of Commerce that it adheres to the Swiss-U.S. Data Privacy Framework program Principles (Swiss-U.S. DPF Principles) with regard to the processing of personal data received from Switzerland in reliance on the Swiss-U.S. DPF. (cpanel.net)
  • Our Online Privacy Statement reflects current global principles and standards on handling Personal Data - transparency, fairness, and accountability. (cisco.com)
  • Lymphoma Australia is bound by the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) and must adhere to the Australian Privacy Principles in relation to collecting, holding, using, disclosing, securing and allowing access to your personal information. (lymphoma.org.au)
  • cPanel complies with the EU-U.S Data Privacy Framework (EU-U.S. DPF) and the UK Extension to the EU-U.S. DPF as set forth by the U.S. Department of Commerce. (cpanel.net)
  • To learn more about the Data Privacy Framework (DPF) program, and to view our certification, please visit https://www.dataprivacyframework.gov/ . cPanel complies with the EU-U.S. Data Privacy Framework program (EU-U.S. DPF), the UK Extension to the EU-U.S. DPF, and the Swiss-U.S. Data Privacy Framework program (Swiss-U.S. DPF) as set forth by the U.S. Department of Commerce. (cpanel.net)
  • The National Library of Medicine (NLM) complies with requirements for privacy and security established by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), and the National Institutes of Health (NIH). (medlineplus.gov)
  • This Privacy Policy outlines how we collect, use, and share your personally identifiable information ("Personal Information") through our website ( www.substack.com ) and our services. (substack.com)
  • This page outlines our privacy and security policy as they apply to our sites as well as third party sites and applications that NLM uses (for example, Facebook and YouTube). (medlineplus.gov)
  • We encourage you to read their privacy policies and know your privacy rights before interacting with them. (apple.com)
  • Our Privacy Policy supplements, but does not replace, any other agreements or policies applicable to you including our Terms of Service (TOS), PartnerNOC Agreement and Acceptable Use Policy (AUP). (cpanel.net)
  • Those suppliers and vendors are governed by our privacy policies with respect to the use of Personal Data and are bound by this Privacy Policy and any applicable confidentiality agreements. (astm.org)
  • All uses of Web measurement and customization technologies will comply with existing policies with respect to privacy and data safeguarding standards. (cdc.gov)
  • In these cases, the site-specific policies will be complementary to this general WHO privacy policy, but will give additional details for that particular site. (who.int)
  • Any information provided to WHO by users of the WHO site is held with the utmost care and security, and will not be used in ways other than as set forth in this privacy policy, or in any site-specific policies, or in ways to which you have explicitly consented. (who.int)
  • Parallels have been drawn between 1984 and modern censorship and privacy, a notable example being that large social media companies, rather than the government, are able to monitor a user's data and decide what is allowed to be said online through their censorship policies, ultimately for monetary purposes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lymphoma Australia encourages individuals to read the privacy policies of any websites you link to from the Lymphoma Australia website. (lymphoma.org.au)
  • To comply with the new e-Privacy directive, we need to ask for your consent to set the cookies. (knfilters.com)
  • The Google Product Privacy Guide can help you find information about how to manage some of the privacy features built into Google's products. (google.com)
  • You have a range of controls to manage your privacy across Google's services. (google.com)
  • To find answers to many common questions about privacy and your data in Google's products and services, select an option below or visit our Privacy Policy . (google.com)
  • For more information, read Google's Privacy Policy. (lymphoma.org.au)
  • This Privacy Policy explains the types of personal data we collect when you use the Marketplace and how we process it. (redbubble.com)
  • This Privacy Procedure explains how Lymphoma Australia collects, holds, uses and discloses your personal information. (lymphoma.org.au)
  • In this Privacy Policy, "personal information" includes references to "personal data" as defined under applicable laws. (linuxfoundation.org)
  • When other entities of the Deloitte Network or other third-parties give us Personal Information about you, we make sure they have complied with the relevant privacy laws and regulations. (deloitte.com)
  • Any terms defined in our Privacy Policy or in Applicable Data Privacy Laws have the same meaning when used in this notice. (medscape.com)
  • The right not to be subjected to unsanctioned invasions of privacy by the government, corporations, or individuals is part of many countries' privacy laws, and in some cases, constitutions. (wikipedia.org)
  • This Privacy Policy applies to the websites and mobile applications owned and operated by WebMD LLC ("WebMD") and Medscape, LLC ("Medscape") that are intended for use by healthcare professionals, including medscape.com, medscape.org, Medscape Mobile, Medscape MedPulse and Medscape CME & Education. (medscape.com)
  • Except as otherwise noted in this Privacy Policy, WebMD LLC is the data controller responsible for the processing of your personal information as described in this Privacy Policy. (medscape.com)
  • To find out what other information we collect from you as a data subject, how and when it may be collected, and what happens to it, please visit our privacy statement . (rsc.org)
  • To offer comments about the Maine.gov website or this Privacy Statement, contact the Maine.gov webmaster . (maine.gov)
  • Below are some of the highlights of our Online Privacy Statement . (cisco.com)
  • We will use your Personal Data for the purposes stated in our Online Privacy Statement or such other privacy notices that we may make available (e.g., our Privacy Data Sheets, site or event-specific privacy notices, etc. (cisco.com)
  • We will ask your permission before we share your Personal Data with third parties for any purpose other than the reason you provided it or as otherwise stated in our Online Privacy Statement . (cisco.com)
  • For more information on your choices about how Cisco may process your Personal Data or regarding our use of cookies or other web technologies, see our full Online Privacy Statement . (cisco.com)
  • To learn more about your privacy rights, see our Online Privacy Statement . (cisco.com)
  • We're constantly trying to improve our services, so we may need to change this Privacy Policy from time to time as well, but we will alert you to changes by placing a notice on our site, by sending you an email, and/or by some other means. (substack.com)
  • When used in this Privacy Notice, " we ", " us " and "our " refer to Deloitte Global. (deloitte.com)
  • As used in this Privacy Notice, ' Deloitte Network ' refers to one or more of Deloitte Global, its network of member firms and their related entities. (deloitte.com)
  • Such webpages, as well as other websites that may be linked to the Website, are not governed by this Privacy Notice. (deloitte.com)
  • This may include, for example, that it has informed you of the processing, and has obtained any applicable and necessary permission for us to process that information as described in this Privacy Notice. (deloitte.com)
  • Please contact [email protected] with any questions or concerns regarding this notice. (bu.edu)
  • This Privacy Notice applies both to the information we collect from you or your device when you download one of our Services and to the information we collect when one of our distribution partners installs our Services on your device. (mcafee.com)
  • If there are any material changes to this Privacy Notice, we will notify you by email, in-product notification, or as otherwise required by applicable law. (mcafee.com)
  • This Privacy Notice does not apply to the "content" processed, stored, or hosted by our customers using AWS Offerings in connection with an AWS account. (amazon.com)
  • This Privacy Notice also does not apply to any products, services, websites, or content that are offered by third parties or have their own privacy notice. (amazon.com)
  • Apple's Privacy Policy does not apply to how third parties define personal data or how they use it. (apple.com)
  • In this Privacy Policy, we define Personal Data" broadly as any information relating to an identified or identifiable natural person. (astm.org)
  • Lymphoma Australia recognises the importance of protecting your privacy and the confidentiality of your personal information. (lymphoma.org.au)
  • In addition to this Privacy Policy, we provide data and privacy information embedded in our products and certain features that ask to use your personal data. (apple.com)
  • Aggregated data is considered non‑personal data for the purposes of this Privacy Policy. (apple.com)
  • If you want to obtain a copy of personal data that is not currently available from privacy.apple.com , you can make a request at apple.com/legal/privacy/contact . (apple.com)
  • Descriptions of how Apple handles personal data for certain individual services are available at apple.com/legal/privacy/data . (apple.com)
  • This Privacy Policy includes important information about your personal data and we encourage you to read it carefully. (stripe.com)
  • For more details about our role, the specific Stripe entity responsible under this Policy, and our legal bases for processing your Personal Data, please visit our Privacy Center . (stripe.com)
  • If you prefer not to have your personal data used for any or all of the above purposes, please email [email protected] or call 617-353-5261. (bu.edu)
  • In this Privacy Policy, we explain how we use any Personal Data we collect about you when you use ASTM's websites. (astm.org)
  • Cisco is certified under the APEC Cross Border Privacy Rules system and Privacy Recognition for Processors regarding personal data handling and transfers to/from the APEC member economies. (cisco.com)
  • Cisco is also certified and adheres to the EU-U.S. Data Privacy Framework (EU-U.S. DPF), the U.K. Extension to the EU-U.S. DPF, and the Swiss-U.S. Data Privacy Framework (Swiss-U.S. DPF) as set forth by the U.S. Department of Commerce regarding the collection, use, and processing of Personal Data from the EU, EEA, the U.K. (and Gibraltar), and Switzerland. (cisco.com)
  • As important records became digitized, Westin argued that personal data was becoming too accessible and that a person should have complete jurisdiction over their data, laying the foundation for the modern discussion of privacy. (wikipedia.org)
  • See the agreement governing your access to your AWS account and the AWS Data Privacy FAQ for more information about how we handle content and how our customers can control their content through AWS Offerings. (amazon.com)
  • This Privacy Policy only applies to the processing of your Personal Information by Substack as a data controller, meaning where we process your Personal Information for our purposes. (substack.com)
  • By providing health or other sensitive information to Lymphoma Australia, an individual consents to Lymphoma Australia collecting this information and disclosing it for the purposes set out in this Privacy Procedure. (lymphoma.org.au)
  • Besides these terms, we also publish a Privacy Policy . (google.com)
  • WHO sites with specific requirements to collect personal information may publish a privacy policy specific for that site. (who.int)
  • Your use of our Sites and Services, and any dispute over privacy, is subject to this Policy and the relevant Terms, including the applicable limitations on damages and the resolution of disputes. (linuxfoundation.org)
  • They are usually only set in response to actions made by you that amount to a request for services, such as setting your privacy preferences, logging in, or filling in forms. (rsc.org)
  • By visiting our Website, purchasing our products or services, or by otherwise interacting with us online or offline, you are agreeing to the terms of this Privacy Policy. (basf.com)
  • Information Systems owned and operated by ATSDR are assessed using Privacy Impact Assessments (PIAs) posted for public view on the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Website ( http://www.hhs.gov/pia/ external icon ). (cdc.gov)
  • If you do not want us to collect, use or share information about you and your use of the Services as described in this Privacy Policy, then you should not use the Services. (medscape.com)
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is committed to maintaining your privacy and protecting your personal information when you visit CDC websites, use CDC's mobile applications, or receive public health information from CDC. (cdc.gov)
  • To learn more about the Data Privacy Framework (DPF) program, and to view our certification, please visit https://www.dataprivacyframework.gov/ . (cpanel.net)
  • Visit safety.google to learn more about our built-in security, privacy controls, and tools to help set digital ground rules for your family online. (google.com)
  • The Privacy Policy does not apply to information collected about TLF employees or other TLF personnel. (linuxfoundation.org)
  • This Privacy Policy includes additional notices that may apply to you if you are a California consumer. (substack.com)
  • This Privacy Policy does not apply to any processing of your Personal Information by Substack as a data processor on behalf of a Publisher. (substack.com)
  • the relevant Authorized Distributor will have its own privacy policy which will apply and any questions should be directed to that Authorized Distributor. (cpanel.net)
  • This Privacy Procedure does not apply to external links or other websites. (lymphoma.org.au)
  • Your privacy on the Internet is of utmost importance to WHO. (who.int)
  • Bestcovery.com ( "Company" or "We" or "Our" ) respects your privacy and is committed to protecting it through our compliance with this privacy policy. (latimes.com)
  • This Privacy Policy applies to the cPanel Product, our Website, and all Corporate Sites [1] . (cpanel.net)
  • Before accessing our Website or using the cPanel Product, please ensure that you have read and understood this Privacy Policy. (cpanel.net)
  • By accessing or using our Website, you agree to this privacy policy. (latimes.com)
  • Thank you for visiting the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) website and for reviewing our Privacy Policy. (cdc.gov)
  • The domain of privacy partially overlaps with security, which can include the concepts of appropriate use and protection of information. (wikipedia.org)
  • By accepting the Medscape Terms of Use , you confirm that you have read and understand this Privacy Policy. (medscape.com)
  • We encourage you to review the applicable privacy notices on those webpages, which will inform you about who the related controller is and provide further information with respect to its processing of your Personal Information. (deloitte.com)
  • Other reasons your privacy request may be denied are if it jeopardizes the privacy of others, is frivolous or vexatious, or would be extremely impractical or unreasonable. (apple.com)
  • If you live in California and you cannot access Apple's Data and Privacy page , you or your authorized agent can make a request at apple.com/legal/privacy/contact or by calling 1-800-275-2273. (apple.com)
  • Where our use of Personal Information is made pursuant to a balancing of our legitimate interests with your privacy interest, we will provide more information about our balancing analysis and process on request. (substack.com)
  • If your request relates to Youtube, learn more about YouTube's Privacy Guidelines . (google.com)
  • To submit a request to exercise your privacy rights or to update your communication preferences, please use the Privacy Request form. (cisco.com)
  • Nevertheless, given the history of failed data transfer agreements between the European Union and the United States, the new Data Privacy Framework is already subject to criticism and close scrutiny. (lu.se)
  • This Privacy Policy sets out how we collect, store, process, transfer, share and use data that identifies or is associated with you (Personal Information) and information regarding our use of cookies and similar technologies. (cpanel.net)
  • Make sure the fence provides the privacy you want as you learn how to build a fence. (familyhandyman.com)
  • If you have any questions regarding CDC's privacy policy or need further information, please contact CDC Privacy Office at mailto:[email protected] , or call 770-488-8660. (cdc.gov)
  • For questions or queries regarding this privacy policy, please contact us . (who.int)
  • This privacy policy may be supplemented by additional privacy statements, terms or notices provided to you. (lexisnexis.com)
  • We respect your privacy. (redbubble.com)
  • Respect for the privacy of personal information (defined below) about you is very important to us. (msdmanuals.com)
  • The Chief Judge stated that 'curtilage' is interpreted in modern times as to mean the portions of a homeowner's property so closely associated with "sanctity of a man's home and the privacies of life" as to be considered part of it. (yorku.ca)
  • Privacy is valued along with other basic necessities of life in the Jewish deutero-canonical Book of Sirach. (wikipedia.org)
  • Searching Eyes is a history of privacy, a value central to the American democratic way of life, and disease surveillance, a core activity critical to the public health mission of intervening as appropriate to protect the populace from preventable causes of illness and death. (cdc.gov)
  • It is subject to the Privacy Act if maintained in a Privacy Act system of record. (cdc.gov)
  • Remember that your use of Substack is at all times subject to the Terms of Use , which incorporates this Privacy Policy. (substack.com)
  • We will collect, use, disclose, transfer, retain or otherwise process your personal information in accordance with this Privacy Policy. (basf.com)
  • In addition, Alan Westin's Privacy and Freedom shifted the debate regarding privacy from a physical sense, how the government controls a person's body (i.e. (wikipedia.org)
  • You may build a 6-ft. high privacy fence only to find that the next-door neighbors can easily see over when they're lounging on their deck. (familyhandyman.com)
  • Or you may find that your 6-ft. tall privacy fence only needed to be 4 ft. tall because surrounding areas slope away from your yard. (familyhandyman.com)
  • The Adobe Privacy Center makes it easy to find information on privacy topics, including your choices about how we collect and use your information. (adobe.com)
  • In most countries, the right to digital privacy is considered an extension of the original right to privacy, and many countries have passed acts that further protect digital privacy from public and private entities. (wikipedia.org)
  • Kozinski was also worried about the panel's rationale for subjecting Pineda-Moreno's curtilage to a reasonable expectation of privacy. (yorku.ca)
  • The Supreme Court also justified that there is some "reasonable expectation of privacy" in transportation since the reasonable expectation of privacy had already been established under Griswold v. Connecticut (1965). (wikipedia.org)
  • Fewer posts will save you some digging, but in the long run, wind and gravity will make you pay for it in your privacy fencing. (familyhandyman.com)
  • Substack Inc. knows you care about how your personal information is used and shared, and we take your privacy seriously. (substack.com)
  • At LexisNexis Legal & Professional, we take your privacy and your trust in us very seriously. (lexisnexis.com)
  • The word privacy is derived from the Latin word "privatus", which means set apart from what is public, personal and belonging to oneself, and not to the state. (wikipedia.org)
  • Searching Eye tackles a topic that deserves more of our respective attention, for as noted by the authors, "The vitality of democratic communities necessitates an ongoing effort to negotiate and renegotiate the boundaries between privacy, society's limiting principle, and public health, which at its best has sought to expand the role of government as a guardian against disease and suffering. (cdc.gov)
  • You also can view this information at any time, either in settings related to those features and/or online at apple.com/legal/privacy/data . (apple.com)
  • Vance Packard's The Naked Society was a popular book on privacy from that era and led US discourse on privacy at that time. (wikipedia.org)
  • Will Substack ever change this Privacy Policy? (substack.com)
  • State agencies may have their own privacy statements posted on their sites. (maine.gov)
  • Boston University understands that collecting and processing personal information is an important topic, and it is committed to safeguarding privacy. (bu.edu)
  • Your privacy is important to us. (lymphoma.org.au)