Specific practices for the prevention of disease or mental disorders in susceptible individuals or populations. These include HEALTH PROMOTION, including mental health; protective procedures, such as COMMUNICABLE DISEASE CONTROL; and monitoring and regulation of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS. Primary prevention is to be distinguished from SECONDARY PREVENTION and TERTIARY PREVENTION.
Implantable devices which continuously monitor the electrical activity of the heart and automatically detect and terminate ventricular tachycardia (TACHYCARDIA, VENTRICULAR) and VENTRICULAR FIBRILLATION. They consist of an impulse generator, batteries, and electrodes.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
The prevention of recurrences or exacerbations of a disease or complications of its therapy.
Unexpected rapid natural death due to cardiovascular collapse within one hour of initial symptoms. It is usually caused by the worsening of existing heart diseases. The sudden onset of symptoms, such as CHEST PAIN and CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIAS, particularly VENTRICULAR TACHYCARDIA, can lead to the loss of consciousness and cardiac arrest followed by biological death. (from Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine, 7th ed., 2005)
Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.
Compounds that inhibit HMG-CoA reductases. They have been shown to directly lower cholesterol synthesis.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
The prototypical analgesic used in the treatment of mild to moderate pain. It has anti-inflammatory and antipyretic properties and acts as an inhibitor of cyclooxygenase which results in the inhibition of the biosynthesis of prostaglandins. Aspirin also inhibits platelet aggregation and is used in the prevention of arterial and venous thrombosis. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p5)
Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.
A medical specialty primarily concerned with prevention of disease (PRIMARY PREVENTION) and the promotion and preservation of health in the individual.
Reduction of high-risk choices and adoption of low-risk quantity and frequency alternatives.
An imbalance between myocardial functional requirements and the capacity of the CORONARY VESSELS to supply sufficient blood flow. It is a form of MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA (insufficient blood supply to the heart muscle) caused by a decreased capacity of the coronary vessels.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
A condition with abnormally high levels of CHOLESTEROL in the blood. It is defined as a cholesterol value exceeding the 95th percentile for the population.
Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.
An antilipemic fungal metabolite isolated from cultures of Nocardia autotrophica. It acts as a competitive inhibitor of HMG CoA reductase (HYDROXYMETHYLGLUTARYL COA REDUCTASES).
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Substances that lower the levels of certain LIPIDS in the BLOOD. They are used to treat HYPERLIPIDEMIAS.
A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.
Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.
An electrical current applied to the HEART to terminate a disturbance of its rhythm, ARRHYTHMIAS, CARDIAC. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
Substances used to lower plasma CHOLESTEROL levels.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
An agency of the UNITED STATES PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE that conducts and supports programs for the prevention and control of disease and provides consultation and assistance to health departments and other countries.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.
A group of pathological conditions characterized by sudden, non-convulsive loss of neurological function due to BRAIN ISCHEMIA or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Stroke is classified by the type of tissue NECROSIS, such as the anatomic location, vasculature involved, etiology, age of the affected individual, and hemorrhagic vs. non-hemorrhagic nature. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp777-810)
Asthma attacks caused, triggered, or exacerbated by OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE.
Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.
Services designed for HEALTH PROMOTION and prevention of disease.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Drugs or agents which antagonize or impair any mechanism leading to blood platelet aggregation, whether during the phases of activation and shape change or following the dense-granule release reaction and stimulation of the prostaglandin-thromboxane system.
Cholesterol which is contained in or bound to low density lipoproteins (LDL), including CHOLESTEROL ESTERS and free cholesterol.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Criteria and standards used for the determination of the appropriateness of the inclusion of patients with specific conditions in proposed treatment plans and the criteria used for the inclusion of subjects in various clinical trials and other research protocols.
Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.
Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.
Agencies of the FEDERAL GOVERNMENT of the United States.
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
Abnormalities in the serum levels of LIPIDS, including overproduction or deficiency. Abnormal serum lipid profiles may include high total CHOLESTEROL, high TRIGLYCERIDES, low HIGH DENSITY LIPOPROTEIN CHOLESTEROL, and elevated LOW DENSITY LIPOPROTEIN CHOLESTEROL.
Works about pre-planned studies of the safety, efficacy, or optimum dosage schedule (if appropriate) of one or more diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques selected according to predetermined criteria of eligibility and observed for predefined evidence of favorable and unfavorable effects. This concept includes clinical trials conducted both in the U.S. and in other countries.
An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)
Conditions with excess LIPIDS in the blood.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Use of marketing principles also used to sell products to consumers to promote ideas, attitudes and behaviors. Design and use of programs seeking to increase the acceptance of a social idea or practice by target groups, not for the benefit of the marketer, but to benefit the target audience and the general society.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Coverings for the hands, usually with separations for the fingers, made of various materials, for protection against infections, toxic substances, extremes of hot and cold, radiations, water immersion, etc. The gloves may be worn by patients, care givers, housewives, laboratory and industrial workers, police, etc.
Epidemiologic investigations designed to test a hypothesized cause-effect relation by modifying the supposed causal factor(s) in the study population.
Efforts and designs to reduce the incidence of unexpected undesirable events in various environments and situations.
An abnormally rapid ventricular rhythm usually in excess of 150 beats per minute. It is generated within the ventricle below the BUNDLE OF HIS, either as autonomic impulse formation or reentrant impulse conduction. Depending on the etiology, onset of ventricular tachycardia can be paroxysmal (sudden) or nonparoxysmal, its wide QRS complexes can be uniform or polymorphic, and the ventricular beating may be independent of the atrial beating (AV dissociation).
Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.
Facilities which administer the delivery of health care services to mothers and children.
NECROSIS of the MYOCARDIUM caused by an obstruction of the blood supply to the heart (CORONARY CIRCULATION).
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.
An international professional organization composed of one association per country for the purpose of improving and developing nursing's contribution to the promotion of health and care of the sick.
Any disturbances of the normal rhythmic beating of the heart or MYOCARDIAL CONTRACTION. Cardiac arrhythmias can be classified by the abnormalities in HEART RATE, disorders of electrical impulse generation, or impulse conduction.
New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.
A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.
A group of compounds that contain the structure SO2NH2.
Earlier than planned termination of clinical trials.
Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.
The use of chemical compounds to prevent the development of a specific disease.
A febrile disease occurring as a delayed sequela of infections with STREPTOCOCCUS PYOGENES. It is characterized by multiple focal inflammatory lesions of the connective tissue structures, such as the heart, blood vessels, and joints (POLYARTHRITIS) and brain, and by the presence of ASCHOFF BODIES in the myocardium and skin.
Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.
A potentially lethal cardiac arrhythmia that is characterized by uncoordinated extremely rapid firing of electrical impulses (400-600/min) in HEART VENTRICLES. Such asynchronous ventricular quivering or fibrillation prevents any effective cardiac output and results in unconsciousness (SYNCOPE). It is one of the major electrocardiographic patterns seen with CARDIAC ARREST.
Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
The amount that a health care institution or organization pays for its drugs. It is one component of the final price that is charged to the consumer (FEES, PHARMACEUTICAL or PRESCRIPTION FEES).
The principal sterol of all higher animals, distributed in body tissues, especially the brain and spinal cord, and in animal fats and oils.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Drugs used in the treatment of acute or chronic vascular HYPERTENSION regardless of pharmacological mechanism. Among the antihypertensive agents are DIURETICS; (especially DIURETICS, THIAZIDE); ADRENERGIC BETA-ANTAGONISTS; ADRENERGIC ALPHA-ANTAGONISTS; ANGIOTENSIN-CONVERTING ENZYME INHIBITORS; CALCIUM CHANNEL BLOCKERS; GANGLIONIC BLOCKERS; and VASODILATOR AGENTS.
A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.
The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.
VASCULAR DISEASES that are associated with DIABETES MELLITUS.
A heterogeneous condition in which the heart is unable to pump out sufficient blood to meet the metabolic need of the body. Heart failure can be caused by structural defects, functional abnormalities (VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION), or a sudden overload beyond its capacity. Chronic heart failure is more common than acute heart failure which results from sudden insult to cardiac function, such as MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.
The systems and processes involved in the establishment, support, management, and operation of registers, e.g., disease registers.
Conformity in fulfilling or following official, recognized, or institutional requirements, guidelines, recommendations, protocols, pathways, or other standards.
A measurement index derived from a modification of standard life-table procedures and designed to take account of the quality as well as the duration of survival. This index can be used in assessing the outcome of health care procedures or services. (BIOETHICS Thesaurus, 1994)
The giving of advice and assistance to individuals with educational or personal problems.
A plasma protein that circulates in increased amounts during inflammation and after tissue damage.
Products in capsule, tablet or liquid form that provide dietary ingredients, and that are intended to be taken by mouth to increase the intake of nutrients. Dietary supplements can include macronutrients, such as proteins, carbohydrates, and fats; and/or MICRONUTRIENTS, such as VITAMINS; MINERALS; and PHYTOCHEMICALS.
An infant during the first month after birth.
A heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by HYPERGLYCEMIA and GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE.
A family of 6-membered heterocyclic compounds occurring in nature in a wide variety of forms. They include several nucleic acid constituents (CYTOSINE; THYMINE; and URACIL) and form the basic structure of the barbiturates.
The transmission of traits encoded in GENES from parent to offspring.
The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.
Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)
The actual costs of providing services related to the delivery of health care, including the costs of procedures, therapies, and medications. It is differentiated from HEALTH EXPENDITURES, which refers to the amount of money paid for the services, and from fees, which refers to the amount charged, regardless of cost.
Statistical models used in survival analysis that assert that the effect of the study factors on the hazard rate in the study population is multiplicative and does not change over time.
Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.
The abrupt cessation of all vital bodily functions, manifested by the permanent loss of total cerebral, respiratory, and cardiovascular functions.
Instructional materials used in teaching.
Factors which produce cessation of all vital bodily functions. They can be analyzed from an epidemiologic viewpoint.
A country in western Europe bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, the English Channel, the Mediterranean Sea, and the countries of Belgium, Germany, Italy, Spain, Switzerland, the principalities of Andorra and Monaco, and by the duchy of Luxembourg. Its capital is Paris.
Conditions or pathological processes associated with the disease of diabetes mellitus. Due to the impaired control of BLOOD GLUCOSE level in diabetic patients, pathological processes develop in numerous tissues and organs including the EYE, the KIDNEY, the BLOOD VESSELS, and the NERVE TISSUE.
A condition in which the LEFT VENTRICLE of the heart was functionally impaired. This condition usually leads to HEART FAILURE; MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION; and other cardiovascular complications. Diagnosis is made by measuring the diminished ejection fraction and a depressed level of motility of the left ventricular wall.
The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.
Carcinogenic substances that are found in the environment.
All deaths reported in a given population.
Fats containing one or more double bonds, as from oleic acid, an unsaturated fatty acid.
The use of hormonal agents with estrogen-like activity in postmenopausal or other estrogen-deficient women to alleviate effects of hormone deficiency, such as vasomotor symptoms, DYSPAREUNIA, and progressive development of OSTEOPOROSIS. This may also include the use of progestational agents in combination therapy.
Abnormal cardiac rhythm that is characterized by rapid, uncoordinated firing of electrical impulses in the upper chambers of the heart (HEART ATRIA). In such case, blood cannot be effectively pumped into the lower chambers of the heart (HEART VENTRICLES). It is caused by abnormal impulse generation.
Conditional probability of exposure to a treatment given observed covariates.
Congenital malformations of the central nervous system and adjacent structures related to defective neural tube closure during the first trimester of pregnancy generally occurring between days 18-29 of gestation. Ectodermal and mesodermal malformations (mainly involving the skull and vertebrae) may occur as a result of defects of neural tube closure. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1992, Ch55, pp31-41)
A nonparametric method of compiling LIFE TABLES or survival tables. It combines calculated probabilities of survival and estimates to allow for observations occurring beyond a measurement threshold, which are assumed to occur randomly. Time intervals are defined as ending each time an event occurs and are therefore unequal. (From Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1995)
A range of values for a variable of interest, e.g., a rate, constructed so that this range has a specified probability of including the true value of the variable.
Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.
Voluntary cooperation of the patient in following a prescribed regimen.
Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive health services provided for individuals in the community.
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
Pathological conditions involving the HEART including its structural and functional abnormalities.
An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
A thickening and loss of elasticity of the walls of ARTERIES that occurs with formation of ATHEROSCLEROTIC PLAQUES within the ARTERIAL INTIMA.
The proportion of survivors in a group, e.g., of patients, studied and followed over a period, or the proportion of persons in a specified group alive at the beginning of a time interval who survive to the end of the interval. It is often studied using life table methods.
Educational institutions.
Societies whose membership is limited to physicians.
A stochastic process such that the conditional probability distribution for a state at any future instant, given the present state, is unaffected by any additional knowledge of the past history of the system.
A generic term for fats and lipoids, the alcohol-ether-soluble constituents of protoplasm, which are insoluble in water. They comprise the fats, fatty oils, essential oils, waxes, phospholipids, glycolipids, sulfolipids, aminolipids, chromolipids (lipochromes), and fatty acids. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
A method of data collection and a QUALITATIVE RESEARCH tool in which a small group of individuals are brought together and allowed to interact in a discussion of their opinions about topics, issues, or questions.
Mathematical or statistical procedures used as aids in making a decision. They are frequently used in medical decision-making.
Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent PAPILLOMAVIRUS INFECTIONS. Human vaccines are intended to reduce the incidence of UTERINE CERVICAL NEOPLASMS, so they are sometimes considered a type of CANCER VACCINES. They are often composed of CAPSID PROTEINS, especially L1 protein, from various types of ALPHAPAPILLOMAVIRUS.
A group of diseases in which the dominant feature is the involvement of the CARDIAC MUSCLE itself. Cardiomyopathies are classified according to their predominant pathophysiological features (DILATED CARDIOMYOPATHY; HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY; RESTRICTIVE CARDIOMYOPATHY) or their etiological/pathological factors (CARDIOMYOPATHY, ALCOHOLIC; ENDOCARDIAL FIBROELASTOSIS).
A transient loss of consciousness and postural tone caused by diminished blood flow to the brain (i.e., BRAIN ISCHEMIA). Presyncope refers to the sensation of lightheadedness and loss of strength that precedes a syncopal event or accompanies an incomplete syncope. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp367-9)
The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).
Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
A province of eastern Canada, one of the Maritime Provinces with NEW BRUNSWICK; PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND; and sometimes NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR. Its capital is Halifax. The territory was granted in 1621 by James I to the Scotsman Sir William Alexander and was called Nova Scotia, the Latin for New Scotland. The territory had earlier belonged to the French, under the name of Acadia. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p871 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p384)
PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.
Organic substances that are required in small amounts for maintenance and growth, but which cannot be manufactured by the human body.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Agents that prevent clotting.
Patterns of practice related to diagnosis and treatment as especially influenced by cost of the service requested and provided.
A diet typical of the Mediterranean region characterized by a pattern high in fruits and vegetables, EDIBLE GRAIN and bread, potatoes, poultry, beans, nuts, olive oil and fish while low in red meat and dairy and moderate in alcohol consumption.
A voluntary organization concerned with the prevention and treatment of heart and vascular diseases.
The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.
Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).
The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.
Bleeding in any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM.
Research techniques that focus on study designs and data gathering methods in human and animal populations.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
A quantitative method of combining the results of independent studies (usually drawn from the published literature) and synthesizing summaries and conclusions which may be used to evaluate therapeutic effectiveness, plan new studies, etc., with application chiefly in the areas of research and medicine.
A class of statistical procedures for estimating the survival function (function of time, starting with a population 100% well at a given time and providing the percentage of the population still well at later times). The survival analysis is then used for making inferences about the effects of treatments, prognostic factors, exposures, and other covariates on the function.
Cholesterol which is contained in or bound to high-density lipoproteins (HDL), including CHOLESTEROL ESTERS and free cholesterol.
Bleeding or escape of blood from a vessel.
The study of the heart, its physiology, and its functions.
The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.
A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.
Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
A spectrum of pathological conditions of impaired blood flow in the brain. They can involve vessels (ARTERIES or VEINS) in the CEREBRUM, the CEREBELLUM, and the BRAIN STEM. Major categories include INTRACRANIAL ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATIONS; BRAIN ISCHEMIA; CEREBRAL HEMORRHAGE; and others.
The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.
The amount of BLOOD pumped out of the HEART per beat, not to be confused with cardiac output (volume/time). It is calculated as the difference between the end-diastolic volume and the end-systolic volume.
The science of controlling or modifying those conditions, influences, or forces surrounding man which relate to promoting, establishing, and maintaining health.
Therapy with two or more separate preparations given for a combined effect.
A fungal metabolite isolated from cultures of Aspergillus terreus. The compound is a potent anticholesteremic agent. It inhibits 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase (HYDROXYMETHYLGLUTARYL COA REDUCTASES), which is the rate-limiting enzyme in cholesterol biosynthesis. It also stimulates the production of low-density lipoprotein receptors in the liver.
A carotenoid that is a precursor of VITAMIN A. It is administered to reduce the severity of photosensitivity reactions in patients with erythropoietic protoporphyria (PORPHYRIA, ERYTHROPOIETIC). (From Reynolds JEF(Ed): Martindale: The Extra Pharmacopoeia (electronic version). Micromedex, Inc, Engewood, CO, 1995.)
Agents that affect the rate or intensity of cardiac contraction, blood vessel diameter, or blood volume.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
The personal cost of acute or chronic disease. The cost to the patient may be an economic, social, or psychological cost or personal loss to self, family, or immediate community. The cost of illness may be reflected in absenteeism, productivity, response to treatment, peace of mind, or QUALITY OF LIFE. It differs from HEALTH CARE COSTS, meaning the societal cost of providing services related to the delivery of health care, rather than personal impact on individuals.
The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.
Pathological processes of CORONARY ARTERIES that may derive from a congenital abnormality, atherosclerotic, or non-atherosclerotic cause.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Individual members of North American ethnic groups with ancient historic ancestral origins in Asia.
Anti-inflammatory agents that are non-steroidal in nature. In addition to anti-inflammatory actions, they have analgesic, antipyretic, and platelet-inhibitory actions.They act by blocking the synthesis of prostaglandins by inhibiting cyclooxygenase, which converts arachidonic acid to cyclic endoperoxides, precursors of prostaglandins. Inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis accounts for their analgesic, antipyretic, and platelet-inhibitory actions; other mechanisms may contribute to their anti-inflammatory effects.
Any dummy medication or treatment. Although placebos originally were medicinal preparations having no specific pharmacological activity against a targeted condition, the concept has been extended to include treatments or procedures, especially those administered to control groups in clinical trials in order to provide baseline measurements for the experimental protocol.
Health services for employees, usually provided by the employer at the place of work.
A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)
A medical specialty concerned with the provision of continuing, comprehensive primary health care for the entire family.
Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.
Patient-based medical care provided across age and gender or specialty boundaries.
The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.
Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
Discontinuation of the habit of smoking, the inhaling and exhaling of tobacco smoke.
Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.
Drugs that bind to but do not activate beta-adrenergic receptors thereby blocking the actions of beta-adrenergic agonists. Adrenergic beta-antagonists are used for treatment of hypertension, cardiac arrhythmias, angina pectoris, glaucoma, migraine headaches, and anxiety.
Any observable response or action of an adolescent.

Avoidable mortality in Europe 1955-1994: a plea for prevention. (1/1358)

OBJECTIVE: To analyse trends of avoidable mortality in Europe, emphasising causes of death amenable to primary prevention through reduction of exposures, secondary prevention through early detection and treatment, and tertiary prevention through improved treatment and medical care. DESIGN: Descriptive study of mortality from avoidable causes for the years 1955 through 1994, for ages 5-64 at time of death. Using the World Health Organisation Mortality Database, five year death rates were standardised to the world population. SETTING: 21 countries of Europe in four regions (northern, central, and southern Europe, Nordic countries). PARTICIPANTS: All causes of deaths for men and women, aged 5-64, at time of death. MAIN RESULTS: Between 1955-59 and 1990-94, the reduction in mortality was somewhat greater for avoidable causes than for all causes: 45.8% v 45.1% (women) and 39.3% v 32.6% among men. Reductions in mortality were greater for causes amenable to improved medical care: 77.9% among women and 76.3% among men. The smallest reduction in mortality was seen in women for causes amenable to secondary prevention (11.0%), and in men for causes amendable to primary prevention including tobacco related conditions (16.6%). From a geographical point of view, there were slight differences in trends between European regions, but overall the patterns were similar. CONCLUSIONS: The greatest reduction of avoidable mortality in Europe from 1955-94 came from causes amenable to improved treatment and medical care for both sexes. Further reductions of avoidable mortality can be achieved through implementation of primary and secondary prevention activities, such as tobacco control, reduction of occupational exposures, and universal access to breast and cervical cancer screening programmes.  (+info)

International economic analysis of primary prevention of cardiovascular disease with pravastatin in WOSCOPS. West of Scotland Coronary Prevention Study. (2/1358)

AIMS: The results of the West of Scotland Coronary Prevention Study (WOSCOPS) demonstrated the clinical benefit of using pravastatin for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease in hypercholesterolaemic men. To inform decision makers, who must also consider costs, this study assesses the economic efficiency of such an intervention in a broad range of countries. METHODS AND RESULTS: A generalized model of cardiovascular disease prevention was used to estimate the cost-effectiveness of primary prevention with pravastatin compared to diet alone. This model follows a cohort of hypercholesterolaemic men over a given period quantifying the effect in terms of the avoidance of cardiovascular disease based on treatment-specific risks derived from WOSCOPS data and extensive record-linkage data on disease-specific survival. Country-specific costs are accounted for by expressing all such parameters in terms of the ratio of monthly treatment to that of managing a myocardial infarction. Over a broad range of inputs the cost-effectiveness ratios remain below $25,000 per life years gained, regardless of country. Subgroups with even better economic efficacy can be defined on the basis of higher baseline risk. CONCLUSIONS: In contrast to some previous reports, this analysis based on trial data demonstrates that pravastatin provides not only an effective means of primary cardiovascular disease prevention, but also an efficient one.  (+info)

Knowledge, attitudes and practices during a community-level ivermectin distribution campaign in Guatemala. (3/1358)

Community acceptance and participation are essential for the success of mass ivermectin chemotherapy programmes for onchocerciasis (river blindness). To explore the local understanding of the purpose of ivermectin and willingness to continue taking the drug, we performed questionnaire surveys in four communities with hyperendemic onchocerciasis after each of three ivermectin treatment rounds. More than 100 respondents participated in each KAP survey, representing the heads of 30% of the households in each community. The respondents rarely stated that the goal of the ivermectin treatment programme was to prevent visual loss. Instead, they said they were taking the drug for their general well-being, to cure the onchocercal nodule (filaria), or to cure the microfilaria, a term newly introduced by agents of the treatment programme. The principal reason identified for refusal to take ivermectin was anxiety about drug-related adverse reactions, and there were marked differences between communities in acceptance of treatment. In one community over 50% of residents initially refused to take ivermectin, although participation rates improved somewhat after programmatic adjustments. We recommend that ivermectin distribution programmes establish surveillance activities to detect where acceptance is poor, so that timely and community-specific adjustments may be devised to improve participation.  (+info)

An extensive literature review of the evaluation of HIV prevention programmes. (4/1358)

This paper draws out and distils three key themes that have emerged from a substantial bibliographical review of a range of HIV intervention programmes, implemented throughout the world between years 1987 and 1995. Specifically, the paper assesses (1) to what extent intervention programmes have been tailored to meet the requirements and needs of specific target groups; (2) to what extent intervention programmes are supported by social and psychological theory of attitudinal and behavioural change, and also to what extent the results and findings from the interventions have amended existing theory; and, finally, (3) the range of methodologies employed in evaluating intervention programmes and also to what extent behavioural measures have been used in examining a programme's effectiveness. In light of these themes, the paper presents and discusses the principal factors thought to contribute towards the effectiveness of HIV intervention programmes.  (+info)

What proportion of primary psychiatric interventions are based on evidence from randomised controlled trials? (5/1358)

OBJECTIVES: To estimate the proportion of psychiatric inpatients receiving primary interventions based on randomised controlled trials or systematic reviews of randomised controlled trials. DESIGN: Retrospective survey. SETTING: Acute adult general psychiatric ward. SUBJECTS: All patients admitted to the ward during a 28 day period. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Primary interventions were classified according to whether or not they were supported by evidence from randomised controlled trials or systematic reviews. RESULTS: The primary interventions received by 26/40 (65%; 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 51% to 79%) of patients admitted during the period were based on randomised trials or systematic reviews. CONCLUSIONS: When patients were used as the denominator, most primary interventions given in acute general psychiatry were based on experimental evidence. The evidence was difficult to locate; there is an urgent need for systematic reviews of randomised controlled trials in this area.  (+info)

The impact of charging for insecticide on the Gambian National Impregnated Bednet Programme. (6/1358)

During the second year of the Gambian National Impregnated Bednet Programme (NIBP) charges for insecticide ($0.50 per net) were introduced into the half of the primary health care villages in the country where insecticide have been provided free of charge the previous year. Free insecticide was provided in the remaining villages that had acted as controls during the previous year. In villages where insecticide was provided free, 77% of nets were treated with insecticide. In contrast, in villages where charges were made coverage was only 14%. During the first year of the NIBP, mortality in children was significantly lower in villages where insecticide was provided free than in the control villages. Introduction of a charge for insecticide into the first group of villages and the provision of free insecticide in the latter abolished this difference. The cash income of rural Gambians is very limited and payment of even $2-3 for insecticide treatment for all the bednets in a household represents a substantial outlay. Further education on the benefits of treatment of nets and/or the provision of cheaper insecticide will be required before the full benefits of this powerful new malaria control measure can be fully realised in the Gambia.  (+info)

The rationale for skin cancer screening and prevention. (7/1358)

Skin cancer, the most common malignancy in the United States, accounts for considerable morbidity and mortality. Efforts at lessening the burden of this disease are possible through both primary and secondary prevention, although some barriers may detract from the ability of primary care physicians to perform skin cancer screening. Public education combined with increased vigilance by physicians and other health professionals may significantly alter the morbidity and mortality associated with this disease entity.  (+info)

Primary prevention of CHD: nine ways to reduce risk. (8/1358)

Lowering cholesterol can reduce the incidence of coronary heart disease. Treating hypertension reduces overall mortality and is most effective in reducing the risk of coronary heart disease in older patients. Smoking cessation reduces the level of risk to that of nonsmokers within about three years of cessation. Aspirin is likely to be an effective means of primary prevention, but a group in whom treatment is appropriate has yet to be defined. Evidence that supplementation with vitamin A or C reduces the risk of coronary heart disease is inadequate; the data for use of vitamin E are inconclusive. Epidemiologic evidence is sufficient to recommend that most persons increase their levels of physical activity. Lowering homocysteine levels through increased folate intake is a promising but unproven primary prevention strategy. Hormone replacement therapy was associated with reduced incidence of coronary heart disease in epidemiologic studies but was not effective in a secondary prevention trial.  (+info)

TY - JOUR. T1 - CHD and stroke: Scotlands pandemics also need co-ordinated and vigorous primary prevention programmes. AU - Mordue, Alan. AU - Dunbar, James. AU - Vartiainen, Erkki. PY - 2003. Y1 - 2003. M3 - Article. VL - 48. SP - 64. EP - 68. JO - Scottish Medical Journal. JF - Scottish Medical Journal. SN - 0036-9330. IS - 3. ER - ...
Indiana recognizes that every Hoosier deserves to live in a safe and supportive environment where he/she can flourish. To this end, the ISDH Office of Womens Health has made a strong commitment to the primary prevention of sexual violence. Primary prevention focuses on stopping first time sexual violence victimization and perpetration. In 2010, the state developed its first comprehensive plan to address sexual violence, entitled Indianas Commitment to Primary Prevention: A State Free of Sexual Violence 2010-2015. This plan provided guidance for advocacy agencies across the Hoosier state to find a role in stopping sexual violence.. In 2015, the ISDH Office of Womens Health, along with nearly 30 community-based and governmental partner agencies, recommitted to ending sexual violence in Indiana. The Sexual Violence Primary Prevention Council (SVPPC) worked together to develop a comprehensive primary prevention plan under which individual advocates, community agencies, coalitions and governmental ...
Heart Failure clinical trial. Clinical trial for CarDiac MagnEtic Resonance for Primary Prevention Implantable CardioVerter DebrillAtor ThErapy: an International Registry (DERIVATE).
Considering the scarcity of health care resources and the high costs associated with cardiovascular diseases, we investigated the spending on cardiovascular primary preventive activities and the prescribing behaviour of primary preventive cardiovascular medication (PPCM) in Dutch family practices (FPs). A mixed methods design was used, which consisted of a questionnaire (n = 80 FPs), video recordings of hypertension- or cholesterol-related general practitioner visits (n = 56), and the database of Netherlands Information Network of General Practice (n = 45 FPs; n = 157,137 patients). The questionnaire and video recordings were used to determine the average frequency and time spent on cardiovascular primary preventive activities per FP respectively. Taking into account the annual income and full time equivalents of general practitioners, health care assistants, and practice nurses as well as the practice costs, the total spending on cardiovascular primary preventive activities in Dutch FPs was calculated.
Prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a global priority; however, there is a lack of evidence investigating how to effectively translate prevention research into a primary care setting.(1) To develop and validate a risk score to identify individuals at high risk of T2DM in the UK; and (2) to establish whether or not a structured education programme targeting lifestyle and behaviour change was clinically effective and cost-effective at preventing progression to T2DM in people with prediabetes mellitus (PDM), identified through a risk score screening programme in primary care.A targeted screening study followed by a cluster randomised controlled trial (RCT), with randomisation at practice level. Participants were followed up for 3 years.A total of 44 general practices across Leicestershire, UK. The intervention took place in the community.A total of 17,972 individuals from 44 practices identified through the risk score as being at high risk of T2DM were invited for screening; of these, 3449 (19
Definition of Primary prevention in the Legal Dictionary - by Free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. What is Primary prevention? Meaning of Primary prevention as a legal term. What does Primary prevention mean in law?
TY - JOUR. T1 - Primary prevention of cardiovascular disease with statins. T2 - Assessing the evidence base behind clinical guidance. AU - Grundy, Scott M. PY - 2016/2/1. Y1 - 2016/2/1. N2 - Statins and other cholesterol-lowering drugs are increasingly being used for primary prevention of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. Three lines of evidence inform the development of therapeutic goals for both drug and lifestyle intervention. This evidence reveals the following principles for cholesterol lowering in primary prevention: (a) the more (lowering), the better for relative risk reduction, (b) the lower, the better for absolute risk reduction, and (c) the earlier, the better for lifetime risk reduction. From these general axioms, treatment can be adjusted to guide therapies in individual patients. There is no one size fits all for primary prevention and simplicity is not the final word for the management of cholesterol disorders; it is useful but cannot be substituted for clinical ...
Description: This workshop will discuss the participatory approach used to develop community-specific primary prevention programs as part of Project Envision, a multi-year community mobilization pilot in New York City. Participants will learn how three community coalitions designed programs that reflect needs assessment findings, are rooted in the principles of primary prevention, and that promote sustainable changes to the social norms which contribute to sexual violence.. Materials:. ...
This study aims to prevent childhood obesity with early life (pregnancy) intensified counselling. The recruited intervention group is pregnant mothers who are at risk to get gestational diabetes. Lifestyle intervention (nutritional and physical activity) begins during pregnancy in maternity clinics and continues in child wellfare clinics until the child is 5 years of age ...
Funding The Rhea project was financially supported by European projects (EU FP6-2003-Food-3-NewGeneris, EU FP6. STREP Hiwate, EU FP7 ENV.2007.1.2.2.2. Project No. 211250 Escape, EU FP7-2008-ENV-1.2.1.4 Envirogenomarkers, EU FP7-HEALTH-2009-single-stage CHICOS, EU FP7 ENV.2008.1.2.1.6. Proposal No 226285 ENRIECO, EU FP7.2007-2013--Project No 308333-The Helix Project and the Greek Ministry of Health (Programme of prevention of obesity and neurodevelopmental disorders in preschool children, in Heraklion district, Crete, Greece: 2011-2014), (Rhea Plus: Primary prevention programme of environmental risk factors for reproductive health, and child health: 2012-2015). The funding bodies had no involvement in the production of this article. ...
A Phase IV randomized multi-site prospective study to assess PrEP acceptance and adherence among HIV-uninfected young women. All women who accept open-label daily oral PrEP will be randomized 1:1 to receive enhanced adherence counselling based on feedback from observed drug levels or standard adherence support. A subset of up to ~25 women per site (maximum 75), will participate in qualitative assessments of facilitators and barriers for PrEP acceptance, adherence and continuation ...
The American Heart Association (AHA) CEO Roundtable today releases Resilience in the Workplace, an evidence review report with practical guidance for employers looking to implement resilience training programs. With two-thirds ...
Congress has used cost-effectiveness analyses in deciding that Medicare should cover selected secondary prevention services, such as screening for breast cancer and colon cancer. But the measure of cost per QALY is routinely ignored in decisions both about treatment for demonstrated disease and about primary prevention of disease. It is ignored, though, in entirely different ways. Medical treatments are paid for even if they are cost-ineffective; in fact, the Medicare program has been blocked from even considering cost-effectiveness in determining whether to cover the costs of treatment. For example, treatment of metastatic lung cancer may cost $800,000 per QALY, but it is typically provided. In sharp contrast, primary preventive services are often withheld even if they are highly cost-effective. For example, the Diabetes Prevention Program, a lifestyle-training program focused on exercise and nutrition that costs only $14,000 per QALY, is covered by only some health insurance plans; Medicare is ...
2/2019 SOLOIST: A Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled, Parallel-group, Multicenter study to evaluate the effects of SOtagLiflozin on Clinical Outcomes in HemOdynamIcally STable Patients with Type 2 Diabetes POST worsening Heart Failure 1/2019 ILLUMENTE BTK: Stellar 0.014 OTW Drug-coated (paclitaxel-coated) angioplasty (Prx PTA) ballon catheter, provided in diameters ranging from 2-4mm and lenghs up to 150mm 11/2018 AEGIS-II: A Phase 3 Multicenter, Double-blind, Randomized, Placebo-controlled, Parallel group study to investigate the efficacy and safety of CSL112 in subjects with Acute Coronary Syndrome.. 5/2018 APPRAISE ATP: Assessment of Primary Prevention Patients receiving an ICD- Systematic. Evaluation of ATP 5/2018 CONNECT: Care Optimization through Patient and Hospital Engagement Clinical Trial for. Heart Failure 1/2018 CHOCOLATE TOUCH: Study to assess the Drug-Coated Chocolate Touch Balloon Catheters safety and effectiveness compared to an FDA approved drug-coated balloon. 7/2017 ...
The DIAN Trials Unit is nearing the end of its first two secondary prevention trials. It has begun a cognitive run-in period for its next trial, of a tau-based drug, and for a primary prevention study in people as young as 18.. ...
The DIAN Trials Unit is nearing the end of its first two secondary prevention trials. It has begun a cognitive run-in period for its next trial, of a tau-based drug, and for a primary prevention study in people as young as 18.. ...
Despite the growing number of options for treating type 2 diabetes, clinicians wanting to prevent the disease in high-risk patients have few good choices. Lifestyle changes that lead to weight loss can prevent diabetes (1, 2) but are difficult to adopt and maintain (3). Drugs used to treat diabetes are often expensive, and testing has only recently begun on their efficacy as primary preventive agents. Two large trials in 2002 showed that metformin (1) and acarbose (4) effectively prevent diabetes in participants with impaired glucose tolerance, but neither drug has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for prevention and their use has not become part of routine practice ...
臨床研究,如Framingham Heart Study, Coronary Primary Prevention Trial 等發現,「好膽固醇」的水平每提高 0.03 mmol/L,患上心臟病... ...
The Uppsala Longitudinal Study of Adult Men (ULSAM) is a longitudinal, epidemiologic study based on all available men, born between 1920 and 1924, in Uppsala County, Sweden. The origin of this longitudinal study was the Uppsala Primary Preventive Study, carried out between September 1970 and September 1973. 2,841 men were invited for the investigation, and 2,322 (81.7%) participated ...
The ACCF/AHA Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease Performance Measures Writing Committee (the Writing Committee) was charged to develop performance measures for the prevention of CVD. These performance measures do not specifically address prevention of stroke, although because risk factors for heart disease and stroke overlap, their use should contribute to the prevention of stroke as well. These measures are intended for adults (18 years of age and older) evaluated in the outpatient setting. The Writing Committee designed most of the measures, including all of the lifestyle measures, to begin at age 18 because we recognize that risk for atherosclerosis accumulates over a lifetime and, although it is never too late to make changes to prevent heart disease, the greatest benefit accrues with early lifestyle changes. The relation between cardiovascular risk factors and the extent and severity of coronary atherosclerosis in the teenage years and earlier is well established on the basis of ...
The National High Blood Pressure Education Program Coordinating Committee published its first statement on the primary prevention of hypertension in 1993. Thi
Background: There is conflicting evidence on the use of omega 3 and omega 6 supplementation for the prevention of allergic diseases. We conducted a systematic review evaluating the effectiveness of omega 3 and 6 oils for the primary prevention of sensitization and development of allergic disorders.. Methods: We searched The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, EMBASE, LILACS, PsycInfo, AMED, ISI Web of Science and Google Scholar for double-blind randomized controlled trials. Two authors independently assessed articles for inclusion. Meta-analyses were undertaken using fixed effects modelling, or random effects modelling in the event of detecting significant heterogeneity.. Results: Of the 3129 articles identified, 10 reports (representing six unique studies) satisfied the inclusion criteria. Four studies compared omega 3 supplements with placebo and two studies compared omega 6 supplements with placebo. There was no clear evidence of benefit in relation to reduced risk of ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Primary prevention of cancer-related thrombosis. T2 - Special focus on ambulatory patients. AU - Arcopinto, Michele. AU - Cella, Chiara A.. AU - Wesolowski, Robert. AU - Salzano, Andrea. AU - Bossone, Eduardo. AU - Cittadini, Antonio. AU - Baliga, Ragavendra R.. PY - 2014/5/15. Y1 - 2014/5/15. KW - Cancer. KW - Venous thromboembolism. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84899580186&partnerID=8YFLogxK. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84899580186&partnerID=8YFLogxK. U2 - 10.1016/j.ijcard.2014.03.109. DO - 10.1016/j.ijcard.2014.03.109. M3 - Article. C2 - 24698248. AN - SCOPUS:84899580186. VL - 173. SP - 583. EP - 584. JO - International Journal of Cardiology. JF - International Journal of Cardiology. SN - 0167-5273. IS - 3. ER - ...
Parallel increases in many inflammatory diseases over the last 40 years suggest that common environmental changes are promoting inflammatory immune responses and/or inhibiting the processes that normally keep these in check. One key change during this period has been declining intakes of anti-inflammatory dietary factors, including omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA). As allergic diseases often first manifest in early infancy, prevention strategies need to be targeted early, even in utero. This review will examine recent evidence for the use of fish oil during this early period as a primary prevention strategy for allergic disease ...
The epidemic of diabetes and obesity assailing Westernized societies threatens to interact with the prevalent, age-related incidence of aortic disease to increase macrovascular disease burden.3 Primary prevention strategies are critically important; however, as many as one-third of patients with T2DM may be unaware of their disorder-and vascular disease processes that threaten life, limb, and autonomy progress from the earliest phases of the dysmetabolic state.1,2 A better understanding of aortofemoral disease in T2DM is necessary to develop new strategies to address this burgeoning clinical need.. The Ldlr−/− mouse has emerged as one useful model for studying macrovascular injury in response to T2DM.17 When fed HFD, these mice become obese, with concomitant hyperglycemia and dyslipidemia.17 Unlike the Apoe−/− mouse-a model of atherosclerosis in the absence of hyperglycemia and obesity17 Ldlr−/− mice fed the HFD elaborate key features of metabolic syndrome.17 The relationships ...
(1991) Bauer et al. Ther Umsch. Primary prophylaxis by a change of behaviour in the population continues to be the only effective possibility to prevent a further spread of the aids epidemic. The most important presupposition for...
Unobtrusive and easy-to-use sensor devices are used for monitoring the health condition of people interested in adopting a healthier lifestyle. The collect
The California Alliance for Funding Prevention seeks substantive new funding to support prevention strategies, particularly non-clinical, upstream primary prevention that is not currently reimbursed, including the creation of a statewide Wellness Fund.
To receive program updates via e-mail, please send an informal request to: [email protected] Introductory Lecture: Ernest Hawk, Texas, United States. Primary Prevention: Risk factor research aiming for practical ...
This report shares findings from research, policy and practice on prevention in adult safeguarding and presents a wide range of approaches that can help prevent abuse.
Clients who have not had a care marker within one year or more from the date the out-of-care list was created, but had a care marker in the preceding calendar ...
OPIS is a think-and-do tank dedicated to making the prevention of intense suffering of sentient beings our highest ethical priority.
Примечание: ОХС - общий холестерин крови. Такие лица нуждаются в настойчивой коррекции риска, а также активном целевом выявлении возможного бессимптомного сердечно-сосудистого заболевания (как правило, атеросклеротического генеза). В этом случае в клинической практике преимущественно применяются следующие неинвазивные методы исследования: электрокардиография (ЭКГ), включая автоматическое суточное амбулаторное мониторирование, ультразвуковые исследования сердца (в т.ч. стресс-эхокардиография, тканевой допплер и др.), магистральных сосудов ...
How is International Prospective Primary Prevention Study in Hypertension (European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology) abbreviated? IPPPSH stands for International Prospective Primary Prevention Study in Hypertension (European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology). IPPPSH is defined as International Prospective Primary Prevention Study in Hypertension (European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology) somewhat frequently.
Its not the years in your life that count. Its the life in your years. Abraham Lincoln. Implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) have one fundamental function the prevention of sudden unexpected arrhythmic cardiac death.. As Americans age and more baby boomers become eligible for a primary prevention ICD, it is important to ensure that treatments are appropriately and effectively applied to this growing segment of the population. Yet, enrollment of patients older than age 65 years in major primary prevention ICD trials is limited. A surprising 28% of Americans suitable for an ICD by conventional criteria are over age 79 years.1 Over 40% of primary prevention ICDs in the United States are placed in patients ≥70 years old. A review of over 115,000 Medicare patients in the National Cardiovascular Database ICD Registry revealed a mean age of 75 years at the time of ICD implantation, a trend that did not change between 2006 and 2010.2,9 Implantation rates are similar in other ...
Results 900 patients (87% men, mean age 64±10 years) were included in the analysis. During a median follow-up of 669 days (IQR 363-1322 days), 150 patients (17%) died and 191 (21%) patients received appropriate device therapy. 114 (13%) patients died without prior appropriate therapy. Stratification of the risk for death without prior appropriate therapy resulted in risk categorisation of patients as low, intermediate or high risk. NYHA ≥III, advanced age, diabetes mellitus, left ventricular ejection fraction ≤25% and a history of smoking were significant independent predictors of death without appropriate ICD therapy. 5-year cumulative incidence for death without prior appropriate therapy ranged from 10% (95% CI 6% to 16%) in low-risk patients to 41% (95% CI 33% to 51%) in high-risk patients. ...
Our study found that in both older women and men with HF and reduced LVEF, implantation or prescription of a primary prevention ICD on discharge was associated with improved survival. Relative to those not receiving an ICD, those receiving (or prescribed) an ICD had similarly improved survival in both women and men, with no significant sex-based interactions. These HRs are similar to those seen overall in the Sudden Cardiac Death in Heart Failure Trial (SCD-HeFT; HR for mortality in ICD versus placebo groups, 0.77), which, among the landmark randomized clinical trials of primary prevention ICDs, most closely resembles the population studied here.1. Despite the survival benefits of primary prevention ICDs in patients with HF demonstrated in randomized clinical trials, benefit in the subgroup of women from these trials has not been definitively proved.7-9 This uncertainty on survival benefit may be one of several contributing factors to the lower rates of ICD referral and implantation in eligible ...
This paper describes the design of the West of Scotland Coronary Prevention Study WOSCOPS which is a primary prevention trial involving men aged 45-64 yr with raised plasma cholesterol levels. The principal aim is to test the hypothesis that reduction of serum cholesterol by treatment with pravastatin a competitive inhibitor of 3-hydroxy-3-...
The limitations of what physical therapists can differ from country to country. In Japan, physical therapists are national licensed health care professionals who can help patients improve or restore their mobility. Most Japanese physical therapists provide care for people in health care facilities, …
The online aspirin bleeding risk calculator tool, created by Dr. Vanessa Selaks team (Auckland University), helps estimate a patients own 5-year risk of a cardiovascular disease (CVD) event and the risk of a major bleed for primary prevention patients with and without aspirin.1,2 This enables the clinician to show the patient estimates of the benefits and harms of taking aspirin.. The tool informs and helps patients decide on taking aspirin, as it is a decision that only they can make. It takes into account if the patient is on medications and/or has co-morbid health conditions that can influence bleeding and CVD events.. It is based on a New Zealand cohort of 245,028 patients. The data may not be relevant to patients in countries outside of New Zealand.. References:. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - The best usage of aspirin in primary prevention - Indication, dosage and ethnic issues. AU - Lin, Chung Sheng. AU - Sheu, Wayne H H. AU - Chern, Chang Ming. AU - Wu, Chau Chung. AU - Ho, Low Tone. AU - Hsu, Chung Y.. AU - Hsu, Tsui Lieh. AU - Lo, Yuk Keung. AU - Chen, Ming Fong. PY - 2007/2. Y1 - 2007/2. N2 - Aspirin is a well-known drug applied in clinical therapy. However, results of aspirin researches and clinical trials are different from traditional therapeutical guidelines. Some new conclusions emerged. Aspirin takes in a prevention role in some diseases, such as cardiovascular (CV) events, diabetes, and metabolic syndrome. However, how to apply aspirin in primary prevention still needs more discussion. In this article, we discuss the effect of aspirin in the field of cardiology, stroke, diabetes and pharmacology. We also discuss the dosage and appropriate usage of aspirin in Taiwans population. The content of this article included the view points of the benefit of aspirin ...
For patients taking statins for prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD), extended care with nurse-led cardiovascular risk-factor counseling improves statin adherence and reduces anxiety, with improvements seen in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol for primary prevention patients.
With the publication of MADIT II in 2002 and SCD-HeFT in 2004, primary device implant indications have expanded; and with the COMPANION trial in 2005 supporting the benefit of biventricular devices, the number of ICD implants has increased further. Since these trials, data on implant patterns in a large group of patients from multiple centers has not been reported. The Advancements in ICD Therapy (ACT) prospective implant registry is a non-consecutive patient study developed to track such a group undergoing device implantation. Data on device and lead performance, arrhythmic events and mortality are tracked.. Methods: Over a 19 month period from November 2004.to June, 2006, 5454 devices were implanted at 286 centers in 38 states in the United States. Patients where enrolled within 2 weeks of implant. Patients are being followed for a period of 2 years at 6 month intervals with device interrogations performed at each visit. Primary prevention patients are those who met MADIT II, SCD-HeFT or ...
The program focuses on primary preventive measures: encouraging Americans to take aspirin if they are found to be at risk for heart disease, get their high blood pressure under control, manage blood cholesterol levels, and stop smoking.. Cardiovascular disease is a big problem and Million Hearts is a big solution, says Thomas Frieden, M.D., director of the CDC.. If the program is successful, Dr. Frieden estimates that 10 million more Americans will get their high blood pressure under control; 20 million more Americans will be treating their high cholesterol effectively; 4 million fewer Americans will smoke; and consumption of artificial trans fat will be cut by half and sodium consumption by 20 percent.. I am confident we can save a million hearts, Dr. Frieden says.. Always talk with your health care provider to find out more information.. ...
The USPSTF recommends initiating low-dose aspirin use for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and colorectal cancer (CRC) in adults aged 50 to 59 years who have a 10% or greater 10-year CVD risk, are not at increased risk for bleeding, have a life expectancy of at least 10 years, and are willing to take low-dose aspirin daily for at least 10 years.
The American Heart Association evaluated the results of large cohort studies and primary and secondary prevention trials. Large observational studies have shown that consumption of antioxidant-rich foods or supplements reduces the risk of coronary artery disease. The largest of these cohort studies is the Nurses Health Study, in which 85,000 participants were followed for approximately eight years. The risk of coronary disease was lowest among women with the highest intake of vitamin E. None of the studies reviewed found a link between disease risk and consumption of vitamin C. Even though observational studies support a relationship between disease risk and consumption of dietary antioxidants, evidence from randomized trials on primary prevention is lacking. However, results from secondary prevention trials have been more supportive. For example, the Cambridge Heart Antioxidant Study showed that the risk of myocardial infarction was reduced up to 77 percent in patients who took high dosages of ...
To assess the value of the latest recommendations, it is worth considering what new evidence has emerged since those issued in 2009. In that year, the Antithrombotic Trialists (ATT) Collaboration reported a collaborative meta-analysis of individual-patient data from 6 primary prevention trials of 95 000 persons, which included a detailed assessment of how the cardiovascular benefits and bleeding risks compared in different prognostic groups (3). The latest recommendations from the USPSTF consider 5 more primary prevention trials of about 25 000 persons, most of whom were at low risk for CVD. The relative risk estimates for nonfatal MI (22% reduction), stroke (no significant effect), mortality (no significant effect), and serious gastrointestinal bleeding (58% increase) were almost identical to those reported by the ATT. Perhaps not surprisingly, the ATT and USPSTF both find that aspirin yields small cardiovascular benefits (that is, a reduction in nonfatal MI) and small bleeding risks (serious ...
USPSTF 2016 recommendations on statin use for primary prevention of CVD Clinical Question:What are the benefits and harms of statin treatment for dyslipidemia in adults 21 years and older?Bottom Line:The United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) now recommends that adultswithout a history of cardiovascular disease (CVD) use a low- to moderate-dose statin for the…
Choice of generic antihypertensive drugs for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease - A cost-effectiveness analysis ...
A new genetic test could help predict which individuals will develop coronary heart disease among those with similar conventional risk factors. The length of the terminating structures of chromosomes, telomeres, can be used to predict cardiovascular mortality in middle-aged men, according to a study from Leicester in the UK which analysed blood samples collected for the West of Scotland Primary Prevention Study, (WOSCOPS). Nilesh Samani gave Helen Morant the details ...
Findings of the ASPREE trial show no benefit, at all, of aspirin in primary prevention of disability-free survival, cardiovascular events and death, or all-cause death in healthy elderly people.
Cerebro/cardiovascular (CV) death accounts for approximately 30% of total deaths in Japan and therefore it is important to establish a preventive treatment for CV events from the point of public health. The guidelines proposed by a joint study group centering on the Japanese Circulation Society, recommend administration of aspirin to patients with multiple risk factors for primary prevention of arteriosclerotic diseases. In addition, the 2002 AHA guidelines recommend use of aspirin in patients with a 10% or higher 10-year risk of CV events. However, these descriptions are founded on randomized, comparative study results and epidemiological data obtained outside Japan, while no epidemiological data are available in Japan that would allow prediction and selection of patients who could benefit from primary prevention with aspirin. Although the benefit of aspirin for secondary prevention has been proven in Japanese patients, the benefits of primary prevention are still controversial ...
Dr. Kelly helped establish the Womens Heart Program of NorthShore University HealthSystem, the only program devoted to womens heart care on the North Shore. The program provides heart care to women in every stage of life, by offering comprehensive care for women with existing heart disease and primary prevention strategies for patients at risk for heart disease. Dr. Kelly is a clinical cardiologist with a decade of experience in treating heart disease in women. She is dedicated to encouraging women to better understand and manage their heart risk factors with the guidance of their primary care physicians ...
Organized by Dr. Michael Ozner, the Cardiovascular Disease Prevention Symposium is an annual gathering of visionary cardiologists focused on conquering heart disease. Topics included PCSK9 to reduce cholesterol, benefits of fish oil and biomarkers of coronary artery disease.
Three major trials of aspirin for primary prevention of cardiovascular events, viewed together, suggest its benefits are largely outweighed by the bleeding risk, according to a leading Harvard specialist. The results from the three studies should be considered in the context of findings from statin trials, according to Professor Paul Ridker, from the Centre for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention at the Brigham and Womens Hospital in Boston. Primary prevention specialist mulls the latest evidence
Cardiovascular disease is the one the major causes of death among in the indian population. Use of aspirin is known to play an important role in reducing the risk of CVD as well as CRC .. Recently, Use of Aspirin has been once again guidelined, to be used as a primary prevention of Cardiovascular Disease and Colorectal Cancer. For quite some time, there has been ongoing debate regarding the utility of this important in a younger age group. While this issue is still resolved in the guidelines, the general usage and utility of this drug in other groups has been reconfirmed with clarifications.. On April 12th, 2016, U.S. Preventive Services Task Force has issued the Recommendation Statement on Aspirin Use for the Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease and Colorectal Cancer: ...
The rate of myocardial infarctions, strokes, and heart disease-related deaths in persons at high risk may be reduced by about 30%.
This study is assessing the efficacy of aspirin in preventing cardiovascular events in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. The primary endpoint is the
Despite the considerable efforts and funds devoted to cancer research over several decades, cancer still remains a mainly lethal disease. Cancer incidence and mortality have not declined at the same rate as other major causes of death, indicating that primary prevention remains a most valuable approach to decrease mortality. There is general agreement that environmental exposures are variously involved in the causation of the majority of cancer cases and that at least half of all cancers could be avoided by applying existing etiologic knowledge. There is disagreement, however, regarding the proportion of cancer risks attributable to specific etiological factors, including diet, occupation and pollution. Estimates of attributable risks are largely based today on unverified assumptions and the calculation of attributable risks involves taking very unequal evidence of various types of factors and treating them equally. Effective primary prevention resulting in a reduction of cancer risk can be ...
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If we go on the internet, we find no end of positive claims for TM. The official TM website, for instance, claims that more than 350 peer-reviewed research studies on the TM technique have been published in over 160 scientific journals. These studies were conducted at many US and international universities and research
Its low-risk patients also had access to great CV therapies. Once youve dealt with the lipids, and once youve dealt with the hypertension, Im really not sure whats left for aspirin, said an observer.
This page was last edited 14:45, 10 September 2019 by wikidoc user Ifeoma odukwe. Based on work by mahshid mir, Haytham Allaham, Jyostna Chouturi, Aditya Govindavarjhulla, Lakshmi Gopalakrishnan and Varun Kumar ...
Laura Semple, Programme Director, Diabetes & Stroke Prevention, reflects on how new prevention techniques might have changed her grandparents lives.
Cardiovascular disease is any disease of the heart or blood vessels. It can take many forms, but in many cases, it is preventable. To learn how to keep your heart healthy and prevent development of cardiovascular disease, see a healthcare professional in Tarzana, CA.
Even though this study was conducted in a complex population of patients, a set of 5 process indicators were found to have good predictive validity based on the hybrid method.
I have just been diagnosed with a slightly! enlarged heart. I am 65 and have had severe asthma since I ws 2. Although it is under control and I lead a fairly normal active life. It was very bad when...
36yo female, not overweight,healthy,good colestherol etc... While watching telly and having A drink, and a smoke I have experienced out of nowhere palpitations. I have never had them before. Had EKG,...
If you are experiencing difficulty accessing this website or finding the information you need, please call us at (530) 332-7300 to be directed. ...
The routine use of aspirin for the primary prevention of vascular events in people with asymptomatic disease cannot be supported, according to results from the Aspirin for Asymptomatic Atherosclerosis study.
This session will demonstrate how to use systematic screening data in conjunction with other data collected as part of regular school practices to inform intervention efforts in schools. Specifically, the presenters will illustrate how to analyze screening data within Comprehensive, Integrated, Three-Tiered (CI3T) models of prevention to inform primary, Tier 1 intervention efforts, low-intensity, teacher-level supports, and Tier 2 and Tier 3 efforts for whom primary prevention efforts are insufficient ...
Ower: 8.2 - Technical support and guidance provided to Member States for the implementation of primary prevention interventions that reduce environmental hazards to health, enhance safety and promote public health, including in specific settings (e.g. workplaces, homes or urban settings) and among vulnerable population groups (e.g. children). ...
Our mission is to build a culture of health for all Californians, reduce disparities and contain health costs through education and state level advocacy for new and sustained funding to promote health equity and prevent the leading causes of illness and injury, particularly through upstream primary prevention.
Antony F. Chu, MD presents a case in which after implantation of a BIOTRONIK DX System for primary prevention indication, examination of the IEGM obtained via the ICD revealed an atrial flutter. In this particular case, a diagnosis of atrial flutter ...
diabetes OR diabetic Exclude a word using the minus sign. Virchow -triad Use Parentheses. water AND (cup OR glass) Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems. Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on Use quotes to search for an exact phrase. primary prevention of cancer ...
diabetes OR diabetic Exclude a word using the minus sign. Virchow -triad Use Parentheses. water AND (cup OR glass) Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems. Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on Use quotes to search for an exact phrase. primary prevention of cancer ...
diabetes OR diabetic Exclude a word using the minus sign. Virchow -triad Use Parentheses. water AND (cup OR glass) Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems. Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on Use quotes to search for an exact phrase. primary prevention of cancer ...
Richman IB, Owens DK (July 2017). "Aspirin for Primary Prevention". The Medical Clinics of North America (Review). 101 (4): 713 ... Wolff T, Miller T, Ko S (March 2009). "Aspirin for the primary prevention of cardiovascular events: an update of the evidence ... March 2009 recommendations from the USPSTF on the use of aspirin for the primary prevention of coronary heart disease encourage ... Bibbins-Domingo K (June 2016). "Aspirin Use for the Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease and Colorectal Cancer: U.S. ...
Journal of Primary Prevention. 14 (1): 17-30. doi:10.1007/BF02262736. PMID 24254919. Goldberg, E. M.; Morrison, S. L. (1988). " ...
Journal of Primary Prevention. 26 (6): 553-565. doi:10.1007/s10935-005-0013-9. PMID 16228116. S2CID 19762828. Landers T. A. ( ...
Wolff T, Miller T, Ko S (March 2009). "Aspirin for the primary prevention of cardiovascular events: an update of the evidence ... March 2009 recommendations from the USPSTF on the use of aspirin for the primary prevention of coronary heart disease encourage ... Bibbins-Domingo K (June 2016). "Aspirin Use for the Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease and Colorectal Cancer: U.S. ... Guirguis-Blake JM, Evans CV, Senger CA, O'Connor EA, Whitlock EP (June 2016). "Aspirin for the Primary Prevention of ...
Journal of Primary Prevention. 27 (1): 27-45. doi:10.1007/s10935-005-0021-9. ISSN 0278-095X. PMID 16421656. S2CID 24671211. ... McDonald, Lynn; Sayger, Thomas V. (1998-05-11). "Impact of a Family and School Based Prevention Program on Protective Factors ... as a program by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention and also the Center for Substance Abuse Prevention ... Department of Health and Human Services Center for Substance Abuse Prevention. Grants from the DeWitt Wallace Reader's Digest ...
"Primary School Prevention Programmes". New Zealand: HELP. Retrieved 5 May 2014. Alaina Brenick, Phd; Julie Shattuck; Alice ... "Bullying Prevention Initiative". CO: The Colorado Trust. Archived from the original on 21 May 2014. Retrieved 5 May 2014. " ... "Child Abuse Prevention". Mountain View, CA: Positive Coaching Alliance. Retrieved 5 May 2014. "Answering the Question: How Do ... Irene van der Zande is the primary author of Kidpower curriculum, articles and books. Books include: The Kidpower Book for ...
Journal of Primary Prevention. 26 (6): 553-565. Fatal Vision Impairment Goggles Fatal Vision Blue Label Goggle v t e. ...
"Primary prevention for alcohol misuse in young people". Protocols. Cochrane Drugs and Alcohol Group. doi:10.1002/14651858. ... Prevention[edit]. Substance use prevention and intervention programs have utilized multiple techniques in order to combat the ... The Journal of Primary Prevention. 26 (6): 529-551. doi:10.1007/s10935-005-0014-8.. ... The primary belligerents were the Hutu; however, as with most ethnic conflict conflicts, not all Hutu wanted to kill Tutsi. A ...
The Journal of Primary Prevention. 26 (4): 363-75. doi:10.1007/s10935-005-5389-z. PMID 15995804.. ... Primary malignant growths of the lung. Isaac A. Adler, A.M., M.D". Ca. 30 (5): 295-301. doi:10.3322/canjclin.30.5.295. PMID ... The primary risks of tobacco usage include many forms of cancer, particularly lung cancer,[43] kidney cancer,[44] cancer of the ... Adler I (1912). Primary malignant growths of the lungs and bronchi: a pathological and clinical study. New York: Longmans, ...
"Primary Prevention of Child Abuse". American Family Physician.. *^ a b c d e f g h i j Monea J, Thomas A (June 2011). " ... Prevention[edit]. Main article: Family planning. Prevention includes comprehensive sexual education, availability of family ... "Unintended Pregnancy Prevention". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved November 13, 2013.. ... "Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved 2013-11-21.. *^ a b c d "Facts on Publicly Funded Contraceptive Services ...
Prevention is a primary goal. Since the creation of the ICT, more than 110 members from 46 countries have regularly gathered ...
The Journal of Primary Prevention. 38 (4): 419-445. doi:10.1007/s10935-017-0469-4. PMC 5516932. PMID 28405831. Goldbach JT, ... Hyman SM, Sinha R (June 2009). "Stress-related factors in cannabis use and misuse: implications for prevention and treatment". ... 2010-03-01). "Response to Intervention for Middle School Students With Reading Difficulties: Effects of a Primary and Secondary ...
The Journal of Primary Prevention. 28 (3-4): 229-243. doi:10.1007/s10935-007-0095-7. PMID 17557206. "America First A Budget ... "The Use of Computerized Mapping in Crime Control and Prevention Programs". "null". portal.hud.gov. "CPD Appropriations Budget ...
Lesa Bethea (1999). "Primary Prevention of Child Abuse". American Family Physician. 59 (6): 1577-85, 1591-2. PMID 10193598. ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control. Archived (PDF) from the original ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control. Archived from the original (PDF ... It gave the example of a father who had never been the primary care-taker of the children. Now that the father was in that role ...
The Journal of Primary Prevention. 28 (3-4): 229-243. doi:10.1007/s10935-007-0095-7. PMID 17557206. "What is Housing First?". ... The primary focus was to put homeless people into housing first, and then help them deal with the underlying issues that made ... This debate resurfaced again in 2016 with the two sides again being prevention of unwanted behaviours and preservation of ... The director for Homeless Prevention and Intervention in Kentucky, Charlie Lanter, says that in regards to panhandling, "if ...
A primary prevention's goal is to prevent a disease or injury before it has occurred, secondary prevention's goal is to ... "Primary, secondary and tertiary prevention , Institute for Work & Health". www.iwh.on.ca. Retrieved 2019-05-31. Untch, Michael ... Prophylactic surgery is not only restricted to the prevention of cancer but can also include surgery whose intended purpose is ... However, the terms usage is largely associated and most commonly interpreted as the prevention of cancer surgically. There are ...
Klein, Donald C. (1 Dec 1999). "The humiliation dynamic: An overview". The Journal of Primary Prevention. 12 (2): 93-121. doi: ... However, the primary proponent of the fantasy is almost always the one being humiliated, or the "cuckold": the cuckold ...
2013). "Aspirin in primary prevention of cardiovascular disease and cancer: a systematic review of the balance of evidence from ... Hartley L, Dyakova M, Holmes J, Clarke A, Lee MS, Ernst E, Rees K (May 2014). "Yoga for the primary prevention of ... In those at risk, but without a history of cardiovascular disease (primary prevention), statins decrease the risk of death and ... March 2019). "2019 ACC/AHA Guideline on the Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease: A Report of the American College of ...
Bethea L (March 1999). "Primary prevention of child abuse". American Family Physician. 59 (6): 1577-85, 1591-2. PMID 10193598 ... Accordingly, prevention includes comprehensive sexual education, availability of family planning services, and increased access ... Abortion, the voluntary termination of pregnancy, is one of the primary consequences of unintended pregnancy. A large ... CDC:Unintended Pregnancy Prevention Ways to prevent pregnancy. ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved November ...
Lesa Bethea (1999). "Primary Prevention of Child Abuse". American Family Physician. 59 (6): 1577-85, 1591-2. PMID 10193598. ... A study of the maltreatment of children by the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (NSPCC) supports the ... A Review of the Literature, Ottawa, Family Violence Prevention Unit. Hicks, L. and Stein, M. (2010) Neglect Matters: A multi- ... London: National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children. Minty, B; Pattinson, G (1994). "The Nature of Child Neglect ...
Prevention is a primary goal. Since the creation of the ICT, its members (more than 110 from 46 countries) have regularly ... "CDC - Trichinellosis - Prevention & Control". www.cdc.gov. Archived from the original on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 2015-07-25. "CDC ... A decade later, American scientist Joseph Leidy pinpointed undercooked meat as the primary vector for the parasite, and two ... Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC). Web. 1 Dec. 2014. Harris, Marvin (1985). "4". Good to Eat: Riddles of Food and ...
Lands, B (Jul 2009). "Planning primary prevention of coronary disease". Curr Atheroscler Rep. 11 (4): 272-80. doi:10.1007/ ... Lands to Bill Lands as he put increased attention to primary prevention of health disorders related to excessive actions of ...
Underwager, R; Wakefield H (1994). "Misinterpretation of a Primary Prevention Effort". Issues in Child Abuse Accusations. 6 (2 ... Underwager and his wife's comments were in the context of their view that the best prevention programs for sex-abuse of ... VOCAL criticized child abuse prevention programs, claiming that they create sexually aware children who might misinterpret ...
Underwager, R; Wakefield H (1994). "Misinterpretation of a Primary Prevention Effort". Issues in Child Abuse Accusations. 6 (2 ... Despite claiming to offer scientific evidence for the existence of FMS, the FMSF has no criteria for one of the primary ...
"Safe Prevention of the Primary Cesarean Delivery". American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and the Society for ... Prevention of complications[edit]. Postpartum infection is one of the main causes of maternal death and may account for 10% of ... Prevention[edit]. It is generally agreed that the prevalence of caesarean section is higher than needed in many countries and ... "Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. March 2010. Archived from the original on 17 May 2012. Retrieved 16 June 2012.. ...
Caughey AB, Cahill AG, Guise JM, Rouse DJ (March 2014). "Safe prevention of the primary cesarean delivery". American Journal of ... Worldwide prevention of most stillbirths is possible with improved health systems. About half of stillbirths occur during ... The WHO does not recommend the use of antispasmodic agents for prevention of delay in labour. For years an episiotomy was ... Boyle A, Reddy UM, Landy HJ, Huang CC, Driggers RW, Laughon SK (July 2013). "Primary cesarean delivery in the United States". ...
Gullotta, Thomas P.; Bloom, Martin (2003). Encyclopedia of Primary Prevention and Health Promotion. Springer. ISBN 978-0-306- ...
Cormick G, Ciapponi A, Cafferata ML, Belizán JM (June 2015). "Calcium supplementation for prevention of primary hypertension". ... "Primary prevention of hypertension: clinical and public health advisory from The National High Blood Pressure Education Program ... "Green and black tea for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease" (PDF). The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews ( ... Primary or essential hypertension is more common in adolescents and adults and has multiple risk factors, including obesity and ...
The Journal of Primary Prevention, 1983-2007. Appointed Associate Editor, 1986-2007. Special Services in the Schools; renamed ... Prevention in Human Services, 1986-1995; renamed Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community, 1996-present. Journal ... Retrieved 2 September 2009.[dead link] Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community. Archived from the original on ... His chief professional interests include the study of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), violence prevention, smoking cessation, ...
Primary bile acidsEdit. Bile acid synthesis occurs in liver cells, which synthesize primary bile acids (cholic acid and ... Uy MC, Talingdan-Te MC, Espinosa WZ, Daez ML, Ong JP (December 2008). "Ursodeoxycholic acid in the prevention of gallstone ... Primary bile acids are those synthesized by the liver. Secondary bile acids result from bacterial actions in the colon. In ... Prior to secreting any of the bile acids (primary or secondary, see below), liver cells conjugate them with either glycine or ...
Primary microcephalyEdit. Primary microcephaly shows a clinical image of craniosynostosis, but due to a different cause. The ... The prevention of post-surgical complications, including those mentioned above, plays an important role in discussions over the ... The primary goal of surgical intervention is to allow normal cranial vault development to occur.[42] This can be achieved by ... The appearance can be the same as that seen with primary microcephaly: a markedly small head, but with normal proportions.[16] ...
"Aspirin for primary prevention of cardiovascular events in people with diabetes: a position statement of the American Diabetes ... Prevention. Main article: Prevention of type 2 diabetes. Onset of type 2 diabetes can be delayed or prevented through proper ... Prevention. Maintaining normal weight, exercising, eating properly[1]. Treatment. Dietary changes, metformin, insulin, ... "Dietary fats and prevention of type 2 diabetes". Progress in Lipid Research. 48 (1): 44-51. doi:10.1016/j.plipres.2008.10.002 ...
The primary use of LNG is to simplify transport of natural gas from the source to a destination. On the large scale, this is ... The International Convention for Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL), adopted by the IMO, has mandated that marine ... In 1886 Karol Olszewski liquefied methane, the primary constituent of natural gas. By 1900 all gases had been liquefied except ...
In Africa, traditional medicine is used for 80% of primary healthcare, and in developing nations as a whole over one-third of ... In the United States, the 1974 Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA) required that for states to receive federal ... Traditional remedies, often closely resembling or forming the basis for alternative remedies, may comprise primary healthcare ... Centers for Disease Control Prevention (CDC) (9 July 2004). "Lead Poisoning Associated with Ayurvedic Medications - Five States ...
He believed that the primary requisite for national progress, national reform, is the free habit of free and healthy national ... Prevention) Act 1967 to hear the case on the RSS, Organiser, June 6, 1993 ...
National Poison Prevention Week (week). *Prince Jonah Kūhiō Kalanianaʻole Day (HI). *Saint Joseph's Day (religious) ... Primary Election Day (WI). *Ronald Reagan Day (CA). *Rosa Parks Day (CA, MO) ...
The insurance provides them with access to preventive and primary services which are used at a much higher rate than for the ... is a mandatory Medicaid program for children that focuses on prevention, early diagnosis and treatment of medical conditions.[ ... It could be argued that it is crucial that the state remain the primary authority and administrators of welfare programs. ... "Medicaid Reimbursement and Training Enable Primary Care Providers to Deliver Preventive Dental Care at Well-Child Visits, ...
Prevention[edit]. Application of a topical antibiotic ointment to the nasal mucosa has been shown to be an effective treatment ... al.], edited by Roger Jones ... [et (2004). Oxford textbook of primary medical care (repr. ed.). Oxford: Oxford University ... for recurrent epistaxis.[20] One study found it as effective as nasal cautery in the prevention of recurrent epistaxis in ...
Prevention[edit]. Antibiotic ointment is typically applied to the newborn's eyes within 1 hour of birth as prevention against ... Persistent fetal vasculature / Persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous. *Persistent tunica vasculosa lentis. *Familial ... Antibiotic ointment is typically applied to the newborn's eyes within 1 hour of birth as prevention against gonococcal ... "Treatment and prevention of ophthalmia neonatorum". Canadian Family Physician. 59 (11): 1187-90. PMC 3828094 . PMID 24235191 ...
This article relies too much on references to primary sources. Please improve this by adding secondary or tertiary sources. ( ... Treatment and prevention[edit]. At first glance, it would seem that reducing the noise and volume would be sufficient to reduce ... 5 Treatment and prevention *5.1 Audio technology *5.1.1 Synthetic membrane earphone ...
... coexists with the excitatory neurotransmitter glutamate in primary afferents that respond to painful stimulation.[ ... Diemunsch P, Joshi GP, Brichant JF (Jul 2009). "Neurokinin-1 receptor antagonists in the prevention of postoperative nausea and ... "Immunohistochemical localization of bombesin/gastrin-releasing peptide and substance P in primary sensory neurons". The ... "Neural mechanisms of respiratory syncytial virus-induced inflammation and prevention of respiratory syncytial virus sequelae" ...
Primary healthcare remains the responsibility of the federal government, elements of which (such as the operation of hospitals ... Disease prevention and control activities follow guidelines established by technical experts in the Ministry of Public Health. ... The main strategy for strengthening primary healthcare is the Family Health Program, introduced by the municipal health ... As to the distribution of physicians between medical specialties and primary care, 55.09% of all Brazilian physicians were ...
Family medicine, family practice, general practice or primary care is, in many countries, the first port-of-call for patients ... listen)) is the science and practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.[4][5] The word "medicine" is ... Medicine is the science and practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease. Medicine encompasses a variety of ... Physicians whose primary professional focus is hospital medicine are called hospitalists in the United States and Canada. The ...
For example, one study listed on the website of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention states that New York's ... institutions of primary and secondary education had been declared smoke-free already in 1996).[106] The fine for violating the ... Centers for Disease Control Prevention (CDC) (12 November 2004). "Indoor Air Quality in Hospitality Venues Before and After ... Secondhand Smoke Fact Sheet, from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved 6 August 2007. ...
Prevention. Prevention of tick bites (clothing the limbs, DEET), doxycycline[2]. Medication. Doxycycline, amoxicillin, ... primary source) *^ a b Biesiada G, Czepiel J, Leśniak MR, Garlicki A, Mach T (December 2012). "Lyme disease: review". Archives ... Prevention of Lyme disease is an important step in keeping dogs safe in endemic areas. Prevention education and a number of ... Prevention[edit]. Tick bites may be prevented by avoiding or reducing time in likely tick habitats and taking precautions while ...
PCP: primary care providers. *^ a b Mootz RD, Shekelle PG (1997). "Content of practice". In Cherkin DC, Mootz RD. Chiropractic ... review found evidence that suggests that chiropractic SMT might be as effective as propranolol or topiramate in the prevention ... "Are chiropractors in the uk primary healthcare or primary contact practitioners?: a mixed methods study". Chiropr Osteopat. 18 ... "Spinal manipulation for primary and secondary dysmenorrhoea". Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 3 (3): CD002119. doi: ...
ASTM F2097 - Standard Guide for Design and Evaluation of Primary Flexible Packaging for Medical Products ... The term covers a wide range of health or medical instruments used in the treatment, mitigation, diagnosis or prevention of a ... which does not achieve its primary intended purposes through chemical action within or on the body of man or other animals and ... diagnosis, prevention, monitoring, treatment or alleviation of disease,. *diagnosis, monitoring, treatment, alleviation of or ...
1999). Pollution Prevention: The Waste Management Approach to the 21st Century. CRC Press. p. 15 Section 27. ISBN 978-1-56670- ... There are also probably six water molecules in the primary solvation sphere of the sodium ion, forming the octahedral [Na(H2O)6 ... or primary, solvation shell. The bond between a water molecule and the metal ion is a dative covalent bond, with the oxygen ... 1 charge on the cation is not high enough to polarise the water molecules in the primary solvation shell enough for them to ...
Tumors can be benign or malignant, can occur in different parts of the brain, and may be primary or secondary. A primary tumor ... Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention. 15 (22): 9871-73. doi:10.7314/apjcp.2014.15.22.9871. PMID 25520120.. ... Primary brain tumors rarely metastasize to other organs; some forms of primary brain tumors can metastasize but will not spread ... Nevertheless, studies[which?] suggest that certain forms of primary brain tumors are more prevalent among certain groups of the ...
"primary). Molecular Pharmacology. 60 (3): 595-602. PMID 11502892.. *^ van der Woude H, Ter Veld MG, Jacobs N, van der Saag PT, ... Murakami A, Ashida H, Terao J (2008). "Multitargeted cancer prevention by quercetin". (review). Cancer Letters. 269 (2): 315-25 ... primary). The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 279 (26): 27008-16. doi:10.1074/jbc.M403588200. PMID 15090535.. ... primary). Molecular Nutrition & Food Research. 49 (8): 763-71. doi:10.1002/mnfr.200500036. PMID 15937998.. ...
One of the many ways to aid in the prevention of child sexual exploitation is through education. World Vision [42] is one of ... In Vietnam, family poverty, low family education and family dysfunction were found to be primary causes for CSEC. Sixteen per ... "Sex Trafficking in Nepal: A Review of Intervention and Prevention Programs." Violence Against Women 17.5 (2011): n. pag. Sage ... ECPAT has also helped fund other non-government organizations to establish prevention programs in Thailand and other countries ...
Primary teeth[edit]. Trauma to primary teeth occurs most commonly at the age of 2 to 3 years, during the development of motor ... Prevention[edit]. Prevention in general is relatively difficult as it's nearly impossible to stop accidents from happening, ... "Primary teeth - Dental Trauma Guide". Retrieved 2019-01-20.. *^ a b c Flores MT, Andersson L, Andreasen JO, Bakland LK, ... Management of injured primary teeth differs from management of permanent teeth; an avulsed primary tooth should not be re- ...
While the primary purpose of urination is the same across the animal kingdom, urination often serves a social purpose beyond ... "Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) Prevention - Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)". Urologychannel.com. Retrieved 10 February 2013.. ...
PreventionEdit. Hypervitaminosis A can be prevented by not ingesting more than the US Institute of Medicine Daily Tolerable ... toxicity in the pathophysiology of primary biliary cirrhosis". Journal of Theoretical Biology. 206 (1): 47-54. doi:10.1006/jtbi ...
"Calls to suicide prevention hotline spike after VMA performance". CNN. Retrieved December 14, 2017.. ... In her study, three primary themes presented themselves from the interviews and observation of the participants. She found ... With Logic's "1-800-273-8255", suicide prevention calls experienced a 33% growth in relation to their number of calls received ...
"Resettlement 2004" Archived 2008-02-27 at the Wayback Machine, Disaster Prevention and Preparedness Agency (DPPA) (accessed 26 ... spoke all other primary languages reported. 50.86% practiced traditional beliefs, 30.44% were Protestants, 12.23% of the ... of all eligible children are enrolled in primary school, and 7% in secondary schools. 77% of the zone is exposed to malaria, ...
Holtorf states that the standard thyroid tests which are typically relied upon by primary care and specialist physicians to ... permanent dead link]) Schwartz, Erika T.; Holtorf, Kent (2008). "Hormones in Wellness and Disease Prevention: Common Practices ... 2006). "The Clinical Assessment, Treatment, and Prevention of Lyme Disease, Human Granulocytic Anaplasmosis, and Babesiosis: ... Current State of the Evidence, and Questions for the Future". Primary Care: Clinics in Office Practice. 35 (4): 669-705. doi: ...
Oechsle as direct reading for the sugar content is primary used in wine making in Germany, Switzerland and Luxembourg. ... Frost damage prevention. *Green harvest (Vendange verte). *Integrated pest management. *Irrigation. *Klopotec ...
PreventionEdit. The World Health Organization estimates that 80% of visual loss is either preventable or curable with treatment ... This primary form of communication is greatly delayed for the child and will prevent other forms of communication from ... Eye Trauma Epidemiology and Prevention Archived 2006-05-28 at the Wayback Machine ... The Center for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that half of blindness in the United States is preventable.[2] ...
Multipurpose Prevention Technologies. Methods that combine STI and HIV prevention with pregnancy prevention are known as ... Content source: Division of STD Prevention, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC twenty four seven. Saving Lives, Protecting People ... HIV Treatment as Prevention: Antiretroviral Treatment of Persons with HIV to Prevent HIV Among Partners. In 2011, the ...
... once-daily aspirin in the primary prevention of cardiovascular events in patients with multiple risk factors, including ... Aspirin primary prevention trials have "become increasingly challenging to conduct," they write. "There is wider use of a ... The Japanese Primary Prevention Project (JPPP) was a multicenter, open-label, randomized, parallel-group trial. Using a ... CHICAGO - A new trial shows no benefit of low-dose, once-daily aspirin in the primary prevention of cardiovascular events in ...
J. A. Udell and J. G. Ray, "Primary and secondary prevention of heart failure with statins," Expert Review of Cardiovascular ... S. Bangalore, D. Wild, S. Parkar, M. Kukin, and F. H. Messerli, "β-Blockers for primary prevention of heart failure in patients ... M. J. Stampfer, F. B. Hu, J. E. Manson, E. B. Rimm, and W. C. Willett, "Primary prevention of coronary heart disease in women ... M. Hamer and Y. Chida, "Walking and primary prevention: a meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies," British Journal of ...
He concludes: "Meanwhile, for clinicians and patients, the decision to start statins for primary prevention of vascular disease ... Cite this: Lipid Lowering for Primary Stroke Prevention in Elderly? - Medscape - May 19, 2015. ... Dr Hankey has received an honorarium from sanofi-aventis for a single consultation on alirocumab for the prevention of ... The authors suggest that if the results are replicated, lipid-lowering drugs might be considered for the prevention of stroke ...
HIV Prevention Practices of Primary-Care Physicians -- United States, 1992 Primary-care physicians can be important providers ... Behavioral and Prevention Research Br, Div of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and HIV Prevention, National Center for Prevention ... Editorial Note: Although primary-care physicians may contribute to the prevention of HIV transmission by counseling patients ... Represents 3% of the total primary-care physician population. ** Physicians who were not practicing in one of the primary-care ...
Epidemiology Paper Mazurah Smith University of Phoenix According to the Centers for Disease Control and Preventions National ... secondary and tertiary prevention? The difference between primary, secondary and tertiary prevention is primary prevention ... More about Epidemiology and Primary Diabetes Prevention Essay. *. Prevention Of Diabetes And Pre Diabetes Essay. 1604 Words , 7 ... Primary Prevention Of Substance Abuse. 902 Words , 4 Pages. *. Current Epidemiology of Diabetes in the Uk. 4303 Words , 18 ...
Statins for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease BMJ 2014; 348 :g280 ... for both primary and secondary prevention and reported a 20% relative risk reduction per 1 mmol/L reduction in LDL cholesterol ... Statins for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease. BMJ 2014; 348 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.g280 (Published 27 ... 2Avon Primary Care Research Collaborative, Bristol Clinical Commissioning Group, Bristol BS1 3NX, UK. ...
Safe Prevention of the Primary Cesarean Delivery. Abstract: In 2011, one in three women who gave birth in the United States did ... Safe prevention of the primary cesarean delivery. Obstetric Care Consensus No. 1. American College of Obstetricians and ... Safe prevention of primary cesarean deliveries will require different approaches for each of these indications. ... Although national and regional organizations can take the lead in setting the agenda regarding the safe prevention of primary ...
... secondary and tertiary prevention? The difference between primary, secondary and tertiary prevention is primary prevention ... More about Primary Secondary And Tertiary Prevention. *. Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary Nursing Care for Domestic Violence. ... Tertiary Prevention Of Poor Transitional Care. 997 Words , 4 Pages. Tertiary Prevention Tertiary prevention of poor ... Some of the primary prevention activities that are offered include the following: Health education programs to our non-speaking ...
Cancer Prevention in Primary Care: Screening for cervical cancer BMJ 1994; 309 :241 ... Cervical screening in primary care: organisational issues. Primary care is central to the overall success of the screening ... Cancer Research Campaign Primary Care Education Group, Department of Public Health and Primary Care, University of Oxford, ... Cancer Prevention in Primary Care: Screening for cervical cancer. BMJ 1994; 309 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.309.6949.241 ( ...
Primary prevention of cardiovascular disease with a Mediterranean diet.. Estruch R1, Ros E, Salas-Salvadó J, Covas MI, Corella ... Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease with a Mediterranean Diet Supplemented with Extra-Virgin Olive Oil or Nuts. [N ... Retraction and Republication: Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease with a Mediterranean Diet. N Engl J Med 2013;368: ... Mediterranean diet for primary prevention of cardiovascular diseases : Prevención-con-Dieta-Mediterránea (PREDIMED) Study]. [ ...
Primary prophylaxis by a change of behaviour in the population continues to be the only effective possibility to prevent a ... The physicians task of prevention is part of the comprehensive strategy of HIV-prevention in Switzerland (effect in width and ... Primary prophylaxis by a change of behaviour in the population continues to be the only effective possibility to prevent a ... Most variable possibilities of beginning a conversation about Aids prevention offer themselves to him. He should put the ...
Primary amoebic meningoencephalitis (PAM) and guidelines for prevention Follow these safeguards to prevent infection when ... Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Go to these sites to learn more:. * View a FAQ on Naegleria from the ... Prevention information. While the likelihood of exposure to Naegleria is high, the risk of infection is low. Additionally, the ... Primary amoebic meningoencephalitis (PAM) is a rare and usually deadly disease caused by infection with the ameba (Naegleria ...
... Cardiovascular disease is a health risk for many older adults. Dr. Zhang will ...
Recommendations for Physical Exercise in Primary Prevention. Recommendation. Current Burden of suffering. Efficacy of Risk ... U.S. Preventive Services Task Force: Recommendations for Physical Exercise in Primary Prevention JAMA Vol 261,No.24 Publication ... Studies of the effects of physical activity on primary prevention of CAD in population subgroups, eg, women and the elderly. * ... CDC Prevention Guidelines Database (Archive) Warning:. This online archive of the CDC Prevention Guidelines Database is being ...
A minority of primary care physicians (27.4%) reported having prescribed tamoxifen for breast cancer prevention at least once ... Prescription of Tamoxifen for Breast Cancer Prevention by Primary Care Physicians. * *November 13, 2006 ... but studies suggest that its use for primary prevention is limited. The authors report on a national survey mailed to 350 ... They also were more likely to be in practice with five or fewer primary care physicians. Results also show that the decision to ...
General cardiologyTagged primary preventionLeave a comment JUPITER puts primary prevention into new orbit. Posted on January 17 ... General cardiologyTagged CRP, primary prevention, rosuvastatinLeave a comment Modest benefit from aspirin as primary prevention ... primary prevention, telemonitoringLeave a comment Biomarker screening in primary prevention. Posted on November 8, 2012. by ... Tag: primary prevention. Blood pressure telemonitoring leads to improved control. Posted on July 15, 2013. by Alistair Lindsay ...
Forty-five percent of the 32,000 Americans who take their own lives each year visit their primary care provider within one ... Prevention of Suicide Focus of World Suicide Prevention Day. The focus of World Suicide Prevention Day this year is on suicide ... is one of a select group of experts participating in a Call to Action on Suicide Prevention in Primary Care Practice April 11- ... suicidal thoughts and behaviors and to develop organizational plans that incorporate suicide prevention activities into primary ...
... Julie Bosler, PharmD. Drug Information Resident. Samford University McWhorter ... Japanese Primary Prevention of Atherosclerosis With Aspirin for Diabetes (JPAD) Trial: The JPAD trial was a prospective, ... Aspirin in the primary and secondary prevention of vascular disease: collaborative meta-analysis of individual participant data ... 0.07% annually, relative risk 1.54 [95% CI 1.30-1.82, P ,.0001]). It was concluded that, in the primary prevention of CVD, ...
TRANSforming InTerprofessional Cardiovascular Prevention in Primary Care (TRANSIT). The safety and scientific validity of this ... TRANSforming InTerprofessional Cardiovascular Prevention in Primary Care. Official Title ICMJE A Program to TRANSform ... October 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure) Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE (submitted: August ... Development of an interprofessional program for cardiovascular prevention in primary care: A participatory research approach. ...
Vaasa Childhood Obesity Primary Prevention Study (VACOPP). This study has been completed. ... Behavioral: Vaasa Childhood Obesity Primary Prevention Study Intensified counselling concerning healthy diet and suitable ... VACOPP (Vaasa Childhood Obesity Primary Prevention Study): Intensified lifestyle counseling including physical activity and ... Primary Completion Date:. January 31, 2017 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure). ...
Primary Purpose:. Prevention. Official Title:. Japanese Primary Prevention Project With Aspirin in the Elderly With One or More ... Japanese Primary Prevention Project (JPPP) Study Group. Low-Dose Aspirin for Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Events in ... Aspirin for Stroke Prevention in Elderly Patients With Vascular Risk Factors: Japanese Primary Prevention Project. Stroke. 2016 ... Japanese Primary Prevention Project With Aspirin. The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the ...
Primary Prevention. Baseline mean Tchol. (mmol/L). D mean Tchol*. PROSPER1. pravastatin. Pravachol , generic. 40. 5,804. 75. 48 ... Table 1: Characteristics of the 5 major statin primary prevention trials. Trial. Drug Name. Trade Name. Dose mg/day. N. Average ... Primary prevention of acute coronary events with lovastatin in men and women with average cholesterol levels: results of AFCAPS ... A question to us about Letter #48: What is the evidence of benefit for primary prevention in women? ...
... 02.09.2008. ESC CONGRESS 2008 - New Strategies in ... Primary prevention needs a comprehensive, multidisciplinary approach involving the high-risk population, their GPs and other ... Primary prevention needs a comprehensive, multidisciplinary approach involving the high-risk population, their GPs and other ... This "primary care arm" of EUROASPIRE III took place in 12 European countries in close collaboration with General Practitioners ...
In the article on low grade primary prostate cancer in the November issue of Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers, & Prevention (1 ... Low Grade Primary Prostate Cancer Message Subject (Your Name) has forwarded a page to you from Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers ... Thank you for sharing this Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention article.. NOTE: We request your email address only to ... CD151 protein expression predicts the clinical outcome of low-grade primary prostate cancer betrer than histologic grading: a ...
Probiotics in primary prevention of atopic disease: a randomised placebo-controlled trial.. Kalliomäki M1, Salminen S, ... Chronic recurring atopic eczema, which is the main sign of atopic disease in the first years of life, was the primary endpoint. ... Lactobacillus GG was effective in prevention of early atopic disease in children at high risk. Thus, gut microflora might be a ... hitherto unexplored source of natural immunomodulators and probiotics, for prevention of atopic disease. ...
second, primary cancer. Introduction. Due to improvements in early detection, supportive care, and treatment, the number of ... The Epidemiology of Second Primary Cancers Message Subject (Your Name) has forwarded a page to you from Cancer Epidemiology, ... Because multiple primary cancers were recently comprehensively reviewed (4, 6, 7), with directions for future research ... It is clear, however, that, in the absence of evidence-based recommendations for many second primary cancers (5), screening ...
Announces Inavir Achieves Primary Endpoint in Phase III Prevention Study - read this article along with other careers ... Announces Inavir Achieves Primary Endpoint in Phase III Prevention Study. Published: Aug 22, 2012 ... A protective efficacy equal to or greater than 70% was required to meet the primary endpoint. The primary endpoint measure was ... Efficacy - Primary Endpoint. Compared to placebo, lnavir® in both dose regimes significantly reduced the proportion of patients ...
Part 2: Risk Screening and Prevention, Suicide Prevention Toolkit, Prevention Activities in Primary Care. ... Suicide Prevention Toolkit for Primary Care Practices - Newly revamped toolkit available for free electronic download. If you ... HRSA recorded webinars - Suicide Prevention in Primary Care: Current Approaches.. ORO-Denver hosted two webinars to build ... How to Talk to a Child About a Suicide Attempt (Rocky Mountain MIRECC for Suicide Prevention): *Educational booklet that offers ...
  • Results after final follow-up showed no significant reduction in the primary endpoint (death from coronary heart disease [CHD], nonfatal myocardial infarction [MI] or stroke, or above-ankle amputation for critical limb ischemia) with either aspirin (18.2% for aspirin vs. 18.3% for placebo) or antioxidant (18.3% for antioxidant vs. 18.2% for placebo). (uspharmacist.com)
  • Caution should be taken in prescribing statins for primary prevention in persons at low cardiovascular risk. (aafp.org)
  • External cephalic version for breech presentation and a trial of labor for women with twin gestations when the first twin is in cephalic presentation are other of several examples of interventions that can contribute to the safe lowering of the primary cesarean delivery rate. (acog.org)
  • This can be achieved through the management of modifiable risk factors or pharma-cologic interventions targeting primary prevention, such as aspirin and statins. (uspharmacist.com)
  • Which of the following statements about primary care interventions to support breastfeeding are correct? (aafp.org)
  • Primary care clinicians can support women before and after childbirth by providing interventions directly or through referral to help them make an informed choice about how to feed their infants and to be successful in their choice. (aafp.org)
  • 8 For primary prevention to be effective, it is imperative that pediatricians be knowledgeable about the process of dental caries, prevention of the disease, and available interventions, including fluoride. (aappublications.org)
  • Whether such DBP reductions can be achieved in the population through lifestyle interventions, in particular through sodium reduction, depends on the results of ongoing primary prevention trials as well as the cooperation of the food industry, government agencies, and health education professionals. (nih.gov)
  • To evaluate the benefits and harms of pharmacological interventions in the primary prevention of gallbladder stones in adults. (cochrane.org)
  • Stroke prevention interventions in primary care remain suboptimal but important reductions in vascular risk factor values were observed following stroke. (ebscohost.com)
  • Interventions were taken to reduce injuries in one primary and one secondary schools in Xining from 2006 to 2008. (bmj.com)
  • All sexual violence primary prevention program planning and implementation is rooted in a four-step practice in the public health approach (CDC, 2013). (in.gov)
  • Arnett DK, Blumenthal RS, Albert MA et al (2019) 2019 ACC/AHA guideline on the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Clinical Practice Guidelines. (springer.com)
  • Piepoli MF, Hoes AW, Agewall S et al (2016) 2016 European Guidelines on cardiovascular disease prevention in clinical practice. (springer.com)
  • Authors/Task Force Members MF, Piepoli MF, Hoes AW et al (2016) 2016 European Guidelines on cardiovascular disease prevention in clinical practice: The Sixth Joint Task Force of the European Society of Cardiology and Other Societies on Cardiovascular Disease Prevention in Clinical Practice (constituted by representatives of 10 societies and by invited experts): Developed with the special contribution of the European Association for Cardiovascular Prevention & Rehabilitation (EACPR). (springer.com)
  • They also were more likely to be in practice with five or fewer primary care physicians. (rwjf.org)
  • Salzer, a primary care pediatric nurse practitioner who has spent her career specializing in the care of vulnerable children, is one of a select group of experts participating in a Call to Action on Suicide Prevention in Primary Care Practice April 11-12 in Portland, Ore. (medindia.net)
  • Lifestyle and risk factor results clearly demonstrate a challenging gap between what is recommended in scientific guidelines and what is achieved in daily practice in high risk individuals in primary prevention of CVD. (innovations-report.com)
  • This third EUROASPIRE survey has evaluated how effectively these recommendations have been implemented in daily practice in relation to the standards set in the Third Joint European Task Force guidelines on CVD prevention in 2003. (innovations-report.com)
  • This guideline assumes that all providers of healthcare in primary and community care settings are compliant with current code of practice on preventing and controlling infections [ 1 ] . (nice.org.uk)
  • 2003), and addresses areas in which clinical practice for preventing healthcare-associated infections in primary and community care has changed, where the risk of healthcare-associated infections is greatest or where the evidence has changed. (nice.org.uk)
  • Seidman JD, Kurman RJ, Ronnett BM: Primary and metastatic mucinous adenocarcinomas in the ovaries: incidence in routine practice with a new approach to improve intraoperative diagnosis. (cancer.gov)
  • The authors demonstrate not just that the program works, but how it works, and in so doing make a contribution to theory, research, and practice in primary prevention and mental health promotion for children. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • This review examines the evidence on the risk-benefit profile of aspirin in primary prevention of cardiovascular events ( Table 1 ), 8 - 12 , 14 - 24 summarizes current recommendations on this topic, and proposes an evidence-based algorithm to guide the use of aspirin for primary prevention in clinical practice. (ccjm.org)
  • OBJECTIVE To assess the extent to which advances in preventive care delivery, achieved in primary care practices through outreach facilitation, could be sustained over time after purposefully redirecting the focus of practice physicians and staff away from prevention and toward a new content area in need of improvement-chronic illness management. (cfp.ca)
  • 1 - 3 It employs individuals with a nursing background who provide prevention performance feedback to a practice, build consensus on improvement goals, and, through regular visits, support the practice by following a systems strategy tailored to that practice. (cfp.ca)
  • In May 2014 the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention published updated practice guidelines recommending the use of preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) with daily oral dosing of tenofovir/emtricitabine to help prevent HIV infection in high-risk individuals (strength of recommendation, A). Knowledge of PrEP among primary care providers is low, however, and this intervention is likely reaching only a small fraction of eligible patients. (jabfm.org)
  • Guidelines and toolkits have been developed to assist in incorporating PrEP into primary care practice. (jabfm.org)
  • Thus, level of evidence recommendations for primary prevention ICD placement do not incorporate age into management practice, but rather appropriately focus on only expected survival. (acc.org)
  • There is an ongoing need for genuine primary health care reform and the Guild welcomes the opportunity to provide a response to the House of Representatives Standing Committee on Health regarding best practice in chronic disease prevention and management in primary health care. (guild.org.au)
  • I have provided a small number of examples in which community pharmacy should be viewed as an opportunity for best practice in chronic disease prevention and management in primary health care. (guild.org.au)
  • 4 Previous ADA recommendations were based on older trials that involved small numbers of patients with diabetes and failed to show clear evidence of aspirin's efficacy in primary prevention. (uspharmacist.com)
  • 4,5 The increased risk of significant adverse effects of aspirin therapy (e.g., gastrointestinal [GI] bleeding, hemorrhagic stroke), coupled with the lack of evidence of clinical efficacy, highlights the uncertainty of aspirin's net value for primary prevention in patients with diabetes. (uspharmacist.com)
  • The JPAD trial was a prospective, randomized, open-label, blinded, endpoint-assessment study designed to examine the efficacy of low-dose aspirin for primary prevention of any atherosclerotic event in patients with type 2 diabetes. (uspharmacist.com)
  • We continue to believe that Inavir's demonstrated efficacy, combined with its ease of use, have the opportunity to significantly improve clinical outcomes for the treatment and now prevention, of influenza. (biospace.com)
  • A protective efficacy equal to or greater than 70% was required to meet the primary endpoint. (biospace.com)
  • The role of primary prevention ICDs in patients with nonischemic cardiomyopathy was called into question with the recent publication of the DANISH trial (Danish Study to Assess the Efficacy of ICDs in Patients with Nonischemic Systolic Heart Failure on Mortality). (ahajournals.org)
  • The purpose of this manuscript is to assess the efficacy of direct lymphaticvenous microsurgery in the prevention of lymphedema following axillary dissection for breast cancer. (springer.com)
  • Efficacy of folic acid in primary prevention of stroke among adults with hypertension in China: the CSPPT randomized clincial trial. (aphanet.org)
  • Still, the clinical importance of aspirin for primary prevention was "less than originally anticipated in this population," he concluded, and further analyses are planned to see whether they can identify patients who may benefit most from aspirin. (medscape.com)
  • The Cholesterol Treatment Trialists Collaboration reviewed data from 27 clinical trials of statins (170 000 participants) for both primary and secondary prevention and reported a 20% relative risk reduction per 1 mmol/L reduction in LDL cholesterol concentration for major vascular events. (bmj.com)
  • The difference between primary, secondary and tertiary prevention is primary prevention focuses on keeping people healthy by using risk reduction strategies to prevent disease whereas secondary prevention includes the use of procedures that detect pre-clinical changes which can control disease progression. (bartleby.com)
  • It addresses priorities in primary care relevant to the Chronic Care Model (Wagner 2001): self-management support, delivery-system design, and management of clinical information. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • CD151 protein expression predicts the clinical outcome of low-grade primary prostate cancer betrer than histologic grading: a new prognostic indicator? (aacrjournals.org)
  • This guideline partially updates and replaces 'Infection control: prevention of healthcare-associated infection in primary and community care' (NICE clinical guideline 2). (nice.org.uk)
  • Since the publication of the NICE clinical guideline on the prevention of healthcare-associated infection in primary and community care in 2003, many changes have occurred within the NHS that place the patient firmly at the centre of all activities. (nice.org.uk)
  • They urge that to do the most good for the most patients in primary care, health care providers should make individual clinical judgements about prescribing aspirin on a case-by-case basis. (fau.edu)
  • Individual clinical judgements by health care providers about prescribing aspirin in primary prevention may affect a relatively large proportion of their patients. (fau.edu)
  • The goals of this clinical report are to clarify the use of available fluoride modalities for caries prevention in the primary care setting and to assist pediatricians in using fluoride to achieve maximum protection against dental caries while minimizing the likelihood of enamel fluorosis. (aappublications.org)
  • Results of the recent JUPITER study (Justification for the Use of Statins in Prevention: an Intervention Trial Evaluating Rosuvastatin) 4 have renewed enthusiasm for the use of statins in people without a history of coronary artery disease and have generated further controversy as to whether high-potency statins such as rosuvastatin and atorvastatin lead to better clinical outcomes than low-potency statins such as pravastatin, simvastatin, fluvastatin and lovastatin. (cmaj.ca)
  • We here review our progress in cancer prevention with green tea on 12 main topics, from basic to clinical level. (nih.gov)
  • TOPICS AND METHODS: Biochemical and biological studies of green tea catechins, a prospective cohort study, preclinical safety trials with tablets of green tea extract, double-blind randomized clinical phase II prevention trial for recurrence of colorectal adenomas, and synergistically enhanced inhibition by the combination of green tea catechins and anticancer drugs. (nih.gov)
  • Recent clinical trials have reevaluated the role of aspirin in primary prevention. (ccjm.org)
  • allergic rhinitis: RR = 0.80 (95% CI 0.34-1.89) or food allergy RR = 0.51 (95% CI 0.10-2.55)] or omega 6 oils [atopic eczema: RR = 0.80 (95% CI 0.56-1.16)] for the prevention of clinical disease. (wiley.com)
  • Clinical trials of cholesterol lowering in apparently healthy persons (primary prevention) and in persons with known coronary disease (secondary prevention) routinely show a decrease in the incidence of nonfatal and fatal coronary events. (annals.org)
  • BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether testing for novel risk factors, such as a cardiovascular genetic risk score (cGRS), improves clinical decision making or health outcomes when used for targeting statin initiation in the primary prevention of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). (rti.org)
  • The Department of Health and the Welsh Assembly Government have asked the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE or the Institute) to conduct a multiple technology appraisal of alendronate, etidronate, risedronate, raloxifene and strontium ranelate for the primary prevention of osteoporotic fragility fractures in postmenopausal women and provide guidance on their use to the NHS in England and Wales. (nice.org.uk)
  • 3 The results of SCD-HeFT formed the basis of a class I guideline recommendation for primary prevention ICDs in patients with New York Heart Association class II or III heart failure symptoms and a left ventricular ejection fraction ≤35% attributable to nonischemic cardiomyopathy, 4 , 5 a recommendation that has not changed since 2005. (ahajournals.org)
  • The population covered in this guideline is all adults and children receiving healthcare for which standard infection-control precautions apply in primary care and community care. (nice.org.uk)
  • What Impact Can REWIND Have on Primary Prevention Guideline Updates? (acc.org)
  • Using a Prospective Randomized Open Blinded Endpoint (PROBE) study design, patients with hypertension, dyslipidemia, and/or diabetes mellitus without a history of cardiovascular disease were enrolled during routine visits to their primary care provider at one of 1007 clinics in Japan between March 2005 and June 2007. (medscape.com)
  • There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups in time to the primary endpoint," Dr Shimada reported. (medscape.com)
  • The hazard ratio indicates that there was an insignificant 6% reduction in the risk of a primary endpoint event in the aspirin group vs the no aspirin group. (medscape.com)
  • The primary endpoint is composite event of CV death, nonfatal stroke (of any cause) and nonfatal myocardial infarction. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Chronic recurring atopic eczema, which is the main sign of atopic disease in the first years of life, was the primary endpoint. (nih.gov)
  • MELBOURNE, AUSTRALIA--(Marketwire - August 22, 2012) - Biota Holdings Limited (ASX: BTA) today announced that a recently completed Japanese Phase III prevention study of lnavir® (laninamivir octanoate, CS-8958) met its primary endpoint, significantly reducing the transmission of influenza within a household. (biospace.com)
  • In: Recent Aspects of Diagnosis and Treatment of Lipoprotein Disorders: Impact on Prevention of Atherosclerotic Disease. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Is carotid artery evaluation necessary for primary prevention in asymptomatic high-risk patients without atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease? (dovepress.com)
  • Lipid Lowering for Primary Stroke Prevention in Elderly? (medscape.com)
  • In the US, primary stroke prevention in children with SCA involves screening for elevated transcranial Doppler ultrasound (TCD) velocity coupled with regular blood transfusion therapy for those with elevated velocities. (nih.gov)
  • Folate supplements for stroke prevention: targeted trial trumps the rest [Editorial]. (aphanet.org)
  • Background: This study aimed to inform the design of a pragmatic trial of stroke prevention in primary care by evaluating data recorded in electronic patient records (EPRs) as potential outcome measures. (ebscohost.com)
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (cdc.gov)
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. (cdc.gov)
  • According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), there were about 5,089 new cases of type 2 diabetes in children under 10 years old in 2008-2009 annually (CDC, 2014). (bartleby.com)
  • scoring ≥15 points), by a history of impaired fasting glucose (IFG) or impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), cardiovascular disease, or gestational diabetes mellitus in 400 primary health care centers. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • The primary strategy was a high-risk strategy, the aim of which was to include prevention of diabetes and reduction of cardiovascular risk factor levels among high-risk individuals in daily routines in health care centers and occupational health care outpatient clinics. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • According to the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , more than 859,000 Americans die of heart attacks or stroke every year, which account for more than 1 in 3 of all U.S. deaths. (fau.edu)
  • Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States for both men and women, according to data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention . (nwh.org)
  • The Evidence Synthesis upon which this article was based was funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality and the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. (annals.org)
  • CHICAGO - A new trial shows no benefit of low-dose, once-daily aspirin in the primary prevention of cardiovascular events in patients with multiple risk factors, including hypertension, diabetes, and dyslipidemia. (medscape.com)
  • Lastly, it will be interesting to see if the ongoing studies ARRIVE, ASCEND, ASPREE and ACCEPT-D, which are assessing primary prevention in predominantly Western populations, have different outcomes to our study in Japanese patients," Dr Shimada said. (medscape.com)
  • In order to inform our decision-making in Japan and to develop country-specific recommendations, we conducted the Japanese Primary Prevention Project study, which prospectively evaluated daily, low-dose aspirin in the primary prevention of CV [cardiovascular] events in elderly Japanese patients with cardiovascular risk factors," Dr Shimada said. (medscape.com)
  • All patients should be provided with information on the role of physical activity in disease prevention and assisted in selecting an appropriate type of exercise. (cdc.gov)
  • The survey focused on primary care physicians because most patients eligible for tamoxifen will not be seen in clinics for high-risk patients or oncology practices. (rwjf.org)
  • The most basic mental health occurs in primary care settings where practitioners have hands-on contact with patients. (medindia.net)
  • We want to set up a national network to let primary care providers know how critical their impact is and give them acceptable tools with which to identify patients at risk for suicide. (medindia.net)
  • The group will identify ways for providers to better recognize and respond to patients' suicidal thoughts and behaviors and to develop organizational plans that incorporate suicide prevention activities into primary care practices. (medindia.net)
  • The ADA further proposed that high-risk patients over 30 years of age with diabetes and without CVD receive antiplatelet therapy as primary prevention. (uspharmacist.com)
  • 2 Subsequently, for more than a decade, the ADA has recommended aspirin as a standard of medical care, although the primary-prevention age criterion was further refined in 2004 to patients over 40 years of age. (uspharmacist.com)
  • 4 The basis for the updated recommendation for aspirin use for primary prevention is two recent randomized, controlled trials of aspirin in patients with diabetes, a meta-analysis conducted by the Antithrombotic Trialists' (ATT) Collaboration, and evidence-based recommendations from the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF). (uspharmacist.com)
  • The guidelines proposed by a joint study group centering on the Japanese Circulation Society, recommend administration of aspirin to patients with multiple risk factors for primary prevention of arteriosclerotic diseases. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • However, these descriptions are founded on randomized, comparative study results and epidemiological data obtained outside Japan, while no epidemiological data are available in Japan that would allow prediction and selection of patients who could benefit from primary prevention with aspirin. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Although the benefit of aspirin for secondary prevention has been proven in Japanese patients, the benefits of primary prevention are still controversial. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • PROSPER studied the effect of pravastatin compared to placebo in two older populations of patients: 56% primary prevention (no past or symptomatic cardiovascular disease) and 44% secondary prevention (past or symptomatic cardiovascular disease) ( Table 1 ). (ubc.ca)
  • The number of patients with multiple primary cancers is growing rapidly, with independent malignancies comprising ∼16% (or 1 in 6) incident cancers reported to the National Cancer Institute's (NCI) Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program in 2003 ( 2 ). (aacrjournals.org)
  • SCD-HeFT showed that primary prevention ICDs significantly improve the survival of patients with a left ventricular ejection fraction ≤35% attributable to ischemic or nonischemic cardiomyopathy and New York Heart Association class II or III heart failure symptoms despite optimal medical therapy. (ahajournals.org)
  • The goal of primary prevention is to decrease cardiovascular (CV) risk in patients who have not already had a CV event. (uspharmacist.com)
  • In primary prevention, however, the balance of absolute benefits, which are lower than in secondary prevention patients, and risks of aspirin, which are the same as in secondary prevention, is far less clear. (fau.edu)
  • For example, primary prevention patients with metabolic syndrome, a constellation of overweight and obesity, hypertension, high cholesterol, and insulin resistance, a precursor to diabetes mellitus, affects about 40 percent of Americans over age 40. (fau.edu)
  • As is generally the case, the primary care provider has the most complete information about the benefits and risks for each of his or her patients. (fau.edu)
  • Our Primary Prevention Program team specializes in working with patients to control their modifiable risk factors for heart disease. (nwh.org)
  • Their UK study - published today - showed 23% of patients aged 75 and older were prescribed statins in primary care despite clear risk factors for cardiovascular disease being recorded. (pulsetoday.co.uk)
  • NICE guidelines on lipid modification only recommend primary prevention in patients aged 40 to 74 years, and the NHS Healthcheck programme follows this advice. (pulsetoday.co.uk)
  • The consumption of 10 Japanese-size cups of green tea per day is a significant factor in primary cancer prevention for the general population, and the preventive effect on recurrence of colorectal adenomas in patients is vital evidence in tertiary cancer prevention. (nih.gov)
  • Recently, it has been clear that the patients with active stage are likely to respond to medical treatment, whereas such therapy is unlikely to be of benefit in patients with inactive stage, therefore, the follow up studies underlined the importance of prevention of manifestation of eye symptoms in the early stage. (omicsonline.org)
  • Recent trials evaluated the impact of aspirin for primary prevention of cardiovascular events in patients at intermediate risk, patients with diabetes, and the elderly, and the results have been incorporated into the most recent professional guidelines. (ccjm.org)
  • The use of aspirin undoubtedly reduces the risk of a subsequent cardiovascular event or death from vascular causes when used for secondary prevention-eg, in patients who have had a myocardial infarction, stroke, or symptomatic peripheral arterial disease or who have undergone coronary revascularization. (ccjm.org)
  • 1 - 5 However, its net impact in primary prevention (ie, in patients without established cardiovascular disease or previous coronary revascularization) has been debated for years. (ccjm.org)
  • The aim of the present study was to elucidate the role of carotid artery evaluation for primary prevention of ASCVD in asymptomatic high-risk patients visiting a teaching hospital. (dovepress.com)
  • The presence of carotid plaques, history of smoking, and statin therapy might be important factors for primary prevention of ASCVD in asymptomatic high-risk patients, especially in middle-aged patients. (dovepress.com)
  • Therefore, the results suggest that carotid artery parameters may have an additional predictive value for primary prevention of ASCVD in the middle-aged high-risk patients. (dovepress.com)
  • At that same meeting, the CANVAS investigators reported a 14% reduction in major CV events, including CV death, and said there was no reason to believe the drug behaved any differently between primary prevention patients, who accounted for a third of the study population, and the others. (ajmc.com)
  • Adding folic acid to enalapril in patients with hypertension reduced the risk of first stroke compared with enalapril alone, according to results of the China Stroke Primary Prevention Trial published in JAMA . (aphanet.org)
  • MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES Changes in practices' performance rates for selected preventive maneuvers (according to recommendations of the Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care) between baseline and follow-up, conducted 3 to 9 months after the end of the prevention intervention, measured from chart reviews for those maneuvers likely to be recorded and from telephoneinterviews with patients for lifestyle counseling. (cfp.ca)
  • CONCLUSIONS: Testing for a 27-single-nucleotide polymorphism cGRS is generally not a cost-effective approach for targeting statin therapy in the primary prevention of ASCVD for low- to intermediate-risk patients. (rti.org)
  • Finally, in order to develop successful strategies, patients' experiences with and preferences for different scenarios for vascular prevention should be studied. (zonmw.nl)
  • The investigators hypothesize that the combination of eflornithine and sulindac will be effective in reducing a three-year event rate of adenomas and second primary colorectal cancers in patients previously treated for Stages 0 through III colon or rectal cancer. (centerwatch.com)
  • Differences in the use of primary care services between Spanish national and immigrant patients. (springer.com)
  • Yet, enrollment of patients older than age 65 years in major primary prevention ICD trials is limited. (acc.org)
  • 1 Over 40% of primary prevention ICDs in the United States are placed in patients ≥70 years old. (acc.org)
  • Since diabetes carries a higher risk of vascular events, this study examines aspirin for primary prevention of vascular events in diabetic patients. (the-hospitalist.org)
  • BP and cholesterol are better controlled among patients in a primary healthcare system with a strong infrastructure supporting computerisation and rewarding measured performance, but this is not associated with healthier lifestyle or better quality of life. (bmj.com)
  • Further exploration of differences in professionals' and patients' engagement in secondary prevention in different healthcare systems is needed. (bmj.com)
  • Ticagrelor (Brilinta) can be used for primary prevention of MI or stroke in high-risk patients with coronary artery disease, according to a new indication granted by the US Food and Drug Administration today. (tctmd.com)
  • The primary end point was the rate of major cardiovascular events (myocardial infarction, stroke, or death from cardiovascular causes). (nih.gov)
  • In this Letter benefit is estimated by combining two cardiovascular serious adverse events known to be reduced by statins in secondary prevention trials: total myocardial infarction (fatal and non-fatal) 5 and total stroke (fatal and non-fatal). (ubc.ca)
  • Pravastatin did not reduce total myocardial infarction or total stroke in the primary prevention population, RR 0.94 [0.78 1.14], but did so in the secondary prevention population, RR 0.80 [0.68 0.94], ARR 4.3%, NNT 23 for 3.2 years. (ubc.ca)
  • Statins are indicated for secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease. (bmj.com)
  • Primary care is central to the overall success of the cervical screening programme. (bmj.com)
  • The information in this patient summary was taken from the health professional version, which is reviewed regularly and updated as needed, by the PDQ Screening and Prevention Editorial Board. (oncolink.org)
  • We are looking for new and novel ways to encourage the public to recognise the benefits of primary prevention and screening, and this contest has helped to encourage creative minds from around the world to bring public attention to the cause," said Barry D. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • This plan is entitled the Indiana Sexual Violence Primary Prevention Plan 2016 - 2021 . (in.gov)
  • Click here to go to a comment regarding Therapeutics Letter #48, posted on October 16, 2003 about the evidence of benefit for primary prevention in women. (ubc.ca)
  • No consistent benefit for primary prevention ICD therapy has been demonstrated in the elderly. (acc.org)
  • Although the medical community has embraced the use of statins for primary prevention in the very elderly, caution should be exercised given the potential dangers of expanding marginally effective treatments to untested populations," noted the researchers. (uspharmacist.com)
  • The cardiovascular risk factors of elderly people are being 'largely ignored' as guidelines recommend primary prevention for those aged 74 or younger, say researchers. (pulsetoday.co.uk)
  • Since the absolute CV morbidity and mortality risks are already very high, a further challenge is to determine which elderly should be targeted for primary prevention and what effective intervention strategies should be used. (zonmw.nl)
  • As the elderly accrue comorbidities, the longevity benefit of primary prevention ICD placement may thus diminish. (acc.org)
  • The prescription of devices to septuagenarians, octogenarians, and nonagenarians is based on the original primary prevention trials, none of which were pre-specified for analysis of the benefits or risks in the elderly. (acc.org)
  • Although several large trials of aspirin for primary prevention have included diabetic subgroups, no trial has been specifically dedicated to looking at the effects of aspirin in this patient group. (bmj.com)
  • There has been considerable confusion from recently reported results of three large-scale randomized trials of aspirin in high risk primary prevention subjects, one of which showed a significant result, but the other two, based possibly on poor adherence and follow up, did not. (fau.edu)
  • The implementation of these guidelines is facilitated by the Joint European Prevention Committee and the new European Association for Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation through a network of national coordinators all over Europe. (innovations-report.com)
  • No study conducted to date has conclusively demonstrated the usefulness of statin therapy as a means of primary prevention of CVD in women. (ahajournals.org)
  • D'Agostino RB, Vasan RS, Pencina MJ et al (2008) General cardiovascular risk profile for use in primary care. (springer.com)
  • Observational cohort studies and a secondary prevention trial have shown an inverse association between adherence to the Mediterranean diet and cardiovascular risk. (nih.gov)
  • The primary prevention of cardiovascular disease involves classifying individuals according to their global cardiovascular risk. (bmj.com)
  • To compare baseline cardiovascular risk management between people from two different healthcare systems recruited to a research trial of an intervention to optimise secondary prevention. (bmj.com)
  • Estimating the overall health impact of statins in primary prevention requires balancing possible benefits and possible harms. (ubc.ca)
  • Numerous large-scale studies designed to evaluate the usefulness of hydroxymethyl glutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitors (statins) in primary and secondary prevention of CVD conducted since the 1990s 8-17 have enrolled primarily men. (ahajournals.org)
  • Policy for prevention of diabetes and pre-diabetes is something that while has changed some in the past, has been basically the same for the past 20-25 yeas. (bartleby.com)
  • NHIS) Diabetes Primary Prevention Questions. (cdc.gov)
  • In 1997, the American Diabetes Association (ADA) issued its initial secondary-prevention recommendation to use aspirin in adults with diabetes and coexisting CVD. (uspharmacist.com)
  • The hypothesis was tested in this analysis, which was done in a pooled sample of two Indian Diabetes Prevention Programmes (IDPP-1 and IDPP-2). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • The Diabetes Prevention Programme (DPP) ( 9 ) recruited subjects with a fasting glucose in the range of 5.3-6.9 mmol/l (95-125 mg/dl) and 2-h postglucose of 7.8-11 mmol/l (140-199 mg/dl) and nearly one-third of the participants had IFG by the present criteria ( 15 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Results of the Indian Diabetes Prevention Programme-1 (IDPP-1) showed that a moderate lifestyle modification (LSM) or a small dose of metformin (500 mg/day) reduced the risk of diabetes in a relatively nonobese but insulin resistant Asian Indian population ( 13 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • OBJECTIVE To investigate 1-year outcomes of a national diabetes prevention program in Finland. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • CONCLUSIONS The FIN-D2D was the first national effort to implement the prevention of diabetes in a primary health care setting. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • In contrast to the rapidly vanishing effect of drug treatment on prevention of diabetes ( 5 , 6 ), the effects of lifestyle intervention seem to be long lasting ( 7 , 8 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • The reduction in risk of type 2 diabetes among high-risk subjects was 58% over ∼3 years both in the Finnish Diabetes Prevention Study (DPS) and the American Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • However, the diabetes epidemic is here and will overcome health care resources if prevention strategies are not urgently implemented. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Therefore, the first large-scale nationwide diabetes prevention program in the world, the National Program for the Prevention of Type 2 Diabetes (FIN-D2D), was implemented in five hospital districts in Finland during 2003-2008, covering a population of 1.5 million ( 11 , 12 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • In fact, these agents not only lower A1c but improve cardiovascular outcomes, begging the questions: are these drugs diabetes medicines that help the heart or heart disease prevention medicines that lower blood glucose? (acc.org)
  • Aspirin when used in primary prevention of vascular events in diabetes provides no improvement in mortality, and the benefit of prevention of vascular events must be weighed against the risks of bleeding. (the-hospitalist.org)
  • CDC's NCCCP is leading cancer prevention and control efforts that are saving lives and supporting survivors. (cdc.gov)
  • Some of the primary prevention activities that are offered include the following: Health education programs to our non-speaking English citizens, nutritional programs, exercise programs, colon, breast and lung cancer prevention programs, and smoking cessation programs. (bartleby.com)
  • Cancer Prevention in. (bmj.com)
  • A minority of primary care physicians (27.4%) reported having prescribed tamoxifen for breast cancer prevention at least once in the prior 12 months. (rwjf.org)
  • Ovarian, fallopian tube, and primary peritoneal cancer prevention includes reducing known risk factors and increasing protective factors. (oncolink.org)
  • This PDQ cancer information summary has current information about ovarian, fallopian tube, and primary peritoneal cancer prevention. (oncolink.org)
  • Cancer prevention is action taken to lower the chance of getting cancer. (oncolink.org)
  • For tertiary cancer prevention, consuming 10 cups of green tea per day fortified by green tea tablets, 50 %, significantly prevented the recurrence of colorectal adenomas. (nih.gov)
  • A minimum effective amount of green tea catechins for cancer prevention was found in humans. (nih.gov)
  • The authors suggest that if the results are replicated, lipid-lowering drugs might be considered for the prevention of stroke in older populations. (medscape.com)
  • According to the Center of Disease Prevention and Control (CDC), by definition, epidemiology is the study of the distribution and determinants of health and health outcomes in populations. (bartleby.com)
  • Primary prevention studies have been done among subjects with IGT in different ethnic populations ( 9 - 14 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • To this end, the ISDH Office of Women's Health has made a strong commitment to the primary prevention of sexual violence. (in.gov)
  • ISDH approaches sexual violence from a public health perspective, recognizing that primary prevention, including efforts to change cultural norms, behaviors, and practices is essential to create a state free from violence. (in.gov)
  • World Health Organization http://www.emro.who.int/about-who/public-health-functions/health-promotion-disease-prevention.html . (springer.com)
  • Therefore, it is important for health care providers to understand the short-term and long-term tradeoffs between cesarean and vaginal delivery, as well as the safe and appropriate opportunities to prevent overuse of cesarean delivery, particularly primary cesarean delivery. (acog.org)
  • There are many health care organizations locally, state wide and nationally that offer or provide funding for prevention activities. (bartleby.com)
  • Tertiary Prevention Tertiary prevention of poor transitional care focus on remediating problems associated with CSHCN who have poor health outcomes or are noncompliant due to lack of transitional care. (bartleby.com)
  • The paper will also discuss the role and responsibility of the community health nurse in primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention of the disease. (bartleby.com)
  • Cancer Research Campaign Primary Care Education Group, Department of Public Health and Primary Care, University of Oxford, Oxford OX2 6PE. (bmj.com)
  • We want to make sure primary care providers have a practical way to incorporate mental health awareness into their assessments. (medindia.net)
  • VACOPP (Vaasa Childhood Obesity Primary Prevention Study): Intensified lifestyle counseling including physical activity and nutritional information beginning during maternity health care and continuing during child health care clinic visits. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • What is the overall health impact when statins are prescribed for primary prevention? (ubc.ca)
  • Primary prevention needs a comprehensive, multidisciplinary approach involving the high-risk population, their GP's and other health professionals, a health insurance system dedicated to prevention and all this complemented by a population strategy involving the community at large. (innovations-report.com)
  • W ith an ageing population, a stretched health budget, and mounting costs associated with increasing levels of chronic disease, prevention is a priority for all Australian governments. (mja.com.au)
  • 2 Centre for Primary Health Care and Equity, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW. (mja.com.au)
  • The impact of primary prevention in comprehensive health programs will be discussed as well as its cost effectiveness. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • As a result, health care providers are understandably confused about whether or not to prescribe aspirin for primary prevention of heart attacks or strokes, and if so, to whom. (fau.edu)
  • Studies show that simple home and primary care setting prevention measures would save health care dollars. (aappublications.org)
  • SETTING Primary care networks and family health networks in Ontario. (cfp.ca)
  • Outreach facilitation is one of the most effective methods of implementing best practices in delivery of preventive health services in primary care. (cfp.ca)
  • Steps primary healthcare practitioners should take if a person with possible Ebola virus disease (EVD) makes first contact with the health service. (www.gov.uk)
  • Most contributions in this IJIC issue discuss efforts to link health promotion, disease prevention and curative primary health care. (ijic.org)
  • Vienonen gives a detailed overview of developments in the Russian Federation to design a nation-wide health system in which disease prevention and primary health care are the main points. (ijic.org)
  • In the United Kingdom, the health debate concentrates on the creation of so-called primary care groups that are responsible for preventive services, family medicine and home care. (ijic.org)
  • The success of integrated primary health care depends on three factors, as Eijkelberg shows in her qualitative case study. (ijic.org)
  • There are many ways to start integration of preventive services and primary health care. (ijic.org)
  • The Role of Primary Health Care in Prevention, Early Detection, and Control of Cancer. (igi-global.com)
  • For years Primary Health Care (PHC) has played a vital role in promoting health, but little has been done in emphasizing its role in reducing the incidence of and mortality from cancer through performing early diagnosis. (igi-global.com)
  • The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Prevention, Public Health and Primary Care is a Junior Minister in the Department of Health and Social Care in the British government. (wikipedia.org)
  • Four of the six major gains in health status listed in the Surgeon General's Report on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention relate to improvements in the infant and child mortality rates and life expectancy. (ed.gov)
  • Differential utilization of primary health care services among older immigrants and Norwegians: A register-based comparative study in Norway. (springer.com)
  • How do immigrants use primary health care services? (springer.com)
  • Primary Prevention of Asthma: A Symposium on Current Evidence, Research Needs and Opportunities for Action: On April 23 and 24 2013, researchers, clinicians, labor and community representatives, public health professionals, and government leaders met at the Massachusetts Medical Society in Waltham, Massachusetts to advance understanding of and strategies for the primary prevention of asthma. (healthandenvironment.org)
  • This will only be facilitated by better alignment and coordination within Federal Government through the Community Pharmacy Agreement and State/Territory Governments as well as with Primary Health Networks and with private health insurers. (guild.org.au)
  • There are over 5,450 community pharmacies in Australia offering a highly skilled network of primary health care professionals providing quality advice and service. (guild.org.au)
  • The health challenges associated with this rising chronic disease burden and an ageing population require a coordinated multidisciplinary approach to care, where teams of health providers are supported to work collaboratively in the community setting, tending to people's health needs before they get to the point of needing hospital admission or requiring a resource intensive and costly level of primary health care. (guild.org.au)
  • The World Health Organization Guide (2004) complements the World Report on Violence and Health (2002) and the 2003 World Health Assembly Resolution 56-24 for governments to implement nine recommendations, which were: Create, implement and monitor a national action plan for violence prevention. (wikipedia.org)
  • Intervention Study to Prevent Cognitive Impairment and Disability), MAPT-studie (The Multidomain Alzheimer Preventive Trial) en preDIVA-studie (prevention of Dementia by Intensive Vascular care) niet haalbaar binnen de afgesproken termijn. (zonmw.nl)
  • Multiple large, randomized, controlled trials and meta-analyses that used aspirin as primary prevention for vascular events showed decreased vascular events, but a significant counterbalanced risk of bleeding. (the-hospitalist.org)
  • The Japanese Primary Prevention Project (JPPP) was a multicenter, open-label, randomized, parallel-group trial. (medscape.com)
  • We conducted a randomized trial of this diet pattern for the primary prevention of cardiovascular events. (nih.gov)
  • Probiotics in primary prevention of atopic disease: a randomised placebo-controlled trial. (nih.gov)
  • Rifkind B, Goor R: The Lipid Research Clinics Coronary Primary Prevention Trial (LRC-CPPT). (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Knopp RH: Test of the Lipid Hypothesis: The Coronary Primary Prevention Trial (CPPT) of the Lipid Research Clinics Program. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Brook JG, Rifkind BM: The Lipid Research Clinics Primary Prevention Trial and its Aftermath. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • We conducted an exploratory analysis of the effect of diet plus pravastatin therapy on the primary prevention of cardiovascular events in women with data from a large-scale primary prevention trial with pravastatin. (ahajournals.org)
  • The CVD-Real Trial: What Can Real-World Evidence Tell Us About Primary Prevention? (ajmc.com)
  • Early Detection of Atherosclerosis: a Randomized Trial in the Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Diseases. (centerwatch.com)
  • Unlike the SUSTAIN-6 trial, the LEADER trial demonstrated significant differences in the primary composite outcome for those with established ASCVD compared to those with CV disease risk factors (p for interaction = 0.04), with a greater benefit seen with liraglutide in those with a history of ASCVD. (acc.org)
  • In the article on low grade primary prostate cancer in the November issue of Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers, & Prevention ( 1 ), the authors and their affiliations were printed incorrectly. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Thank you for sharing this Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention article. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Message Body (Your Name) thought you would be interested in this article in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention. (aacrjournals.org)
  • The European Society of Cardiology together with other partner Societies has engaged in a comprehensive programme of prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD) since 1994. (innovations-report.com)
  • What is the difference between primary, secondary and tertiary prevention? (bartleby.com)
  • primary prevention activities that are directed to the population at large, secondary prevention efforts that target families judged to be at risk of child abuse and/or neglect, and tertiary prevention focusing on families in which abuse already has occurred and steps must be taken to prevent a recurrence. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • citation needed] Tertiary prevention is used after a crime has occurred in order to prevent successive incidents. (wikipedia.org)
  • 4 Because many children do not receive dental care at young ages, and risk factors for dental caries are influenced by parenting practices, pediatricians have a unique opportunity to participate in the primary prevention of dental caries. (aappublications.org)
  • Primordial prevention usually refers to healthy lifestyle choices to prevent the development of coronary risk factors. (medscape.com)
  • This study investigates potential risk factors for PCG in the National Birth Defects Prevention Study (NBDPS), a large population-based case-control study of major birth defects in the United States. (unc.edu)
  • The meeting, sponsored by the Suicide Prevention Resource Center, the only federally funded center of its kind in the nation, and the American Association of Suicidology brings together physicians, social workers, nurses, researchers and government agencies to develop ideas and methods that would increase the capacity of primary care practices to assess and manage suicide risk. (medindia.net)
  • Methods Using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation methodology, we performed a systematic review of the literature to answer seven population, intervention, comparator, and outcomes (PICO) questions regarding concussion education, head protective equipment, rules prohibiting high-risk activity and neck strengthening exercise for prevention of contact sports-related concussion in pediatric and adult amateur athletes. (east.org)
  • The symptoms of pulmonary hypertension in its primary stages may not be observed for several months or even years. (altiusdirectory.com)
  • Deze bevindingen zouden kunnen bijdragen aan een verbeterde voorspelling op hartvaatziekten en daarmee ook preventieve strategieën voor mensen met hoog risico kunnen verbeteren (geaccepteerd voor Am J Hypertension, 2019). (zonmw.nl)
  • Primary amoebic meningoencephalitis (PAM) is a rare and usually deadly disease caused by infection with the ameba (Naegleria fowleri). (lcra.org)
  • Can symptoms of primary infection recur? (thebody.com)
  • The question: do symptoms of primary infection recur over a period of several weeks? (thebody.com)
  • I am not aware of any information that demonstrates that primary infection symptoms recur over a period of time. (thebody.com)
  • For the last several years, the benefits and risks of aspirin for primary prevention of cardiovascular events for those at moderately increased risk have been "hotly debated," Dr Shimada said. (medscape.com)
  • The Anti-thrombotic Trialists' Collaboration (ATC) meta-analysis, published in 2009, was a landmark study of the role of aspirin in primary prevention. (ccjm.org)
  • Suicide Prevention Toolkit for Primary Care Practices - Newly revamped toolkit available for free electronic download. (colorado.gov)
  • WakeMed Physician Practices Primary Care practices have achieved the Patient-Center Medical Home Designation from the National Committee for Quality Assurance. (wakemed.org)
  • PARTICIPANTS A volunteer sample of 30 primary care practices recruited from 99 eligible sites. (cfp.ca)
  • Implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) have one fundamental function the prevention of sudden unexpected arrhythmic cardiac death. (acc.org)
  • CONCLUSIONS The effectiveness of primary prevention strategies appears to be similar in subjects with iIGT or with combined IGT + IFG. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Until recently there have been few primary care office-based strategies to reduce the transmission of HIV. (jabfm.org)
  • Most HIV prevention strategies, such as condom distribution and HIV testing and counseling campaigns, have been implemented on a population level. (jabfm.org)
  • This systematic review serves as a call to focus research on primary prevention strategies for sports-related concussion. (east.org)
  • Mogelijk dat het contrast tussen beide groepen te klein was als gevolg van het niet kunnen blinderen van de controlegroep (m.a.g. behandeleffecten door de huisarts) en het gevolg van verbeterende gebruikelijke preventieve zorg voor ouderen over de tijd om nog een relevant verschil tussen de groepen te kunnen vinden (Am J Prev Med, 2018). (zonmw.nl)
  • Safe reduction of the rate of primary cesarean deliveries will require different approaches for each of these, as well as other, indications. (acog.org)
  • Mayne and Cartmel ( 10 ) examine chemoprevention approaches for second primary cancers. (aacrjournals.org)
  • HRSA recorded webinars - Suicide Prevention in Primary Care: Current Approaches. (colorado.gov)
  • 2 By contrast, 4 office-based approaches to HIV prevention are currently available to primary care clinicians. (jabfm.org)
  • In this review, we summarize the current knowledge on biomarkers in the field of primary prevention in cardiovascular disease (CVD). (springer.com)
  • The tertiary phase of prevention seeks to manage the disease that is already present and lessen the impact caused by the disease so the person can maintain longevity and quality of life. (bartleby.com)
  • Primary prevention of cardiovascular disease with a Mediterranean diet. (nih.gov)
  • Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease with a Mediterranean Diet Supplemented with Extra-Virgin Olive Oil or Nuts. (nih.gov)
  • In recent years an increasing emphasis has been placed on the need for improved primary prevention of cardiovascular disease. (bmj.com)
  • Lactobacillus GG was effective in prevention of early atopic disease in children at high risk. (nih.gov)
  • Thus, gut microflora might be a hitherto unexplored source of natural immunomodulators and probiotics, for prevention of atopic disease. (nih.gov)
  • Probiotics for prevention of atopic disease? (nih.gov)
  • The registry did not employ the USPSTF standard for eligibility for aspirin as primary prevention , opting instead to utilize an estimated 10-year cardiovascular disease risk of 6% or higher. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • However, the effect of statins in women for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease has not been determined. (ahajournals.org)
  • 1-3 Factors possibly explaining this ≈10-year lag in disease onset between men and women include direct actions of estrogen on blood vessels 4 and women's lifestyle characteristics (related to smoking, alcohol consumption, dietary style, exercise, etc) that are favorable for the prevention of cardiovascular events. (ahajournals.org)
  • The increasing burden of cardiovascular disease in developed and developing countries underscores the need for more widespread therapeutic lifestyle changes as well as the adjunctive use of drug therapies of proven net benefit in the primary prevention of heart attacks and strokes. (fau.edu)
  • Our Cardiovascular Disease Primary Prevention Program uses a team-based approach to help you lower your risk of heart disease. (nwh.org)
  • Despite relatively recent declines in age-adjusted mortality, in 2013, cardiovascular disease (CVD) was the primary cause in nearly 801,000 deaths (30.8% of total deaths) in the United States. (medscape.com)
  • A study by Pande et al suggests millions of US adults with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) are not receiving secondary prevention therapies. (medscape.com)
  • Contrary to the evidence from basic science and epidemiological studies, our systematic review and meta-analysis suggests that supplementation with omega 3 and omega 6 oils is probably unlikely to play an important role as a strategy for the primary prevention of sensitization or allergic disease. (wiley.com)
  • Research on cardiovascular disease prediction and primary prevention in subjects aged 70 and over is both scarce and complicated. (zonmw.nl)
  • ICBNAPP 2020 has teamed up with the Special Journal Issue on Biopsychosocial Nursing Assessment and Primary Prevention . (waset.org)
  • September 2015 - July 2020) to test the following hypothesis: There will be a 66% relative risk reduction of primary strokes in children with SCA, and elevated TCD measurements (n=220), randomly allocated to moderate dose vs. low dose HU therapy (10 vs. 20 mg/kg/day) for 3 years. (nih.gov)
  • The case for primary prevention, however, is less clear. (aafp.org)
  • Data on primary prevention are ever-changing, and keeping up-to-date with the current recommendations is paramount. (uspharmacist.com)
  • Ultimately, evidence is needed to inform new guidelines that offer more precise recommendations on primary prevention for older people. (pulsetoday.co.uk)
  • The Committee has developed preliminary recommendations on the use of alendronate, etidronate, risedronate, raloxifene and strontium ranelate for the primary prevention of osteoporotic fragility fractures in postmenopausal women. (nice.org.uk)
  • OBJECTIVE Impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and impaired fasting glucose (IFG) have different pathophysiological abnormalities, and their combination may influence the effectiveness of the primary prevention tools. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Primary prevention of intimate partner violence is a realistic objective. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Meyer, Robert E., for the National Birth Defects Prevention Study (2019). (unc.edu)
  • Huisartsen zouden een actievere rol kunnen spelen in het maken van gezamenlijke keuzes en -daarmee- kunnen bijdragen aan een beter afgestemde zorg (ingediend, 2019). (zonmw.nl)
  • Risk prediction models are widely used in primary care to identify and initiate therapy in those at risk for future cardiovascular events. (bmj.com)
  • October 2012 - August 2014) support the potential use of moderate dose hydroxyurea (HU) therapy of 20 mg/kg/day for primary prevention of stroke in children with SCA. (nih.gov)
  • The use of these drugs for the primary prevention of osteoporotic fractures in women who are on long-term systemic corticosteroid therapy. (nice.org.uk)
  • We also discuss how this new data might affect future American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) prevention guidelines, in particular, whether the evidence supports a possible upgrade in the level of recommendation from "Weak/Modest" (IIb) 1 to "Moderate" (IIa) on the use of GLP-1 receptors agonists, which would more strongly favor the use of GLP-1 receptor agonist therapy in primary prevention of ASCVD. (acc.org)
  • 5 ) recently grouped second primary cancers into three major categories according to predominant etiologic influences (i.e., treatment-related, syndromic, and those due to shared etiologic factors), emphasizing the nonexclusivity of these groups. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Ovarian, fallopian tube, and primary peritoneal cancers are diseases in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the ovaries, fallopian tubes, or peritoneum. (oncolink.org)
  • Primary prevention helps people choose healthy behaviors to lower their risk of getting cancer. (cdc.gov)
  • ORO-Denver hosted two webinars to build knowledge of suicide prevention activities in primary care settings and increase competency to address this problem. (colorado.gov)
  • There is conflicting evidence on the use of omega 3 and omega 6 supplementation for the prevention of allergic diseases. (wiley.com)
  • The incidence of cardiovascular diseases is still high and further efforts should be done in primary prevention. (centerwatch.com)
  • Measures relevant to stroke secondary prevention were analysed including blood pressure (BP), cholesterol, smoking, alcohol use, body mass index (BMI), atrial fibrillation, utilisation of antihypertensive, antiplatelet and cholesterol lowering drugs. (ebscohost.com)