Dental Caries: Localized destruction of the tooth surface initiated by decalcification of the enamel followed by enzymatic lysis of organic structures and leading to cavity formation. If left unchecked, the cavity may penetrate the enamel and dentin and reach the pulp.Preventive Dentistry: The branch of dentistry concerned with the prevention of disease and the maintenance and promotion of oral health.Dental Care for Children: The giving of attention to the special dental needs of children, including the prevention of tooth diseases and instruction in dental hygiene and dental health. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.Dental Caries Susceptibility: The predisposition to tooth decay (DENTAL CARIES).Dental Care: The total of dental diagnostic, preventive, and restorative services provided to meet the needs of a patient (from Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982).Dental Health Services: Services designed to promote, maintain, or restore dental health.DMF Index: "Decayed, missing and filled teeth," a routinely used statistical concept in dentistry.Oral Hygiene: The practice of personal hygiene of the mouth. It includes the maintenance of oral cleanliness, tissue tone, and general preservation of oral health.Tooth DiseasesInsurance, Dental: Insurance providing coverage for dental care.Oral Health: The optimal state of the mouth and normal functioning of the organs of the mouth without evidence of disease.Dental Care for Disabled: Dental care for the emotionally, mentally, or physically disabled patient. It does not include dental care for the chronically ill ( = DENTAL CARE FOR CHRONICALLY ILL).Pediatric Dentistry: The practice of dentistry concerned with the dental problems of children, proper maintenance, and treatment. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.Pit and Fissure Sealants: Agents used to occlude dental enamel pits and fissures in the prevention of dental caries.Dental Caries Activity Tests: Diagnostic tests conducted in order to measure the increment of active DENTAL CARIES over a period of time.Fluorides, Topical: Fluorides, usually in pastes or gels, used for topical application to reduce the incidence of DENTAL CARIES.Root Caries: Dental caries involving the tooth root, cementum, or cervical area of the tooth.Streptococcus mutans: A polysaccharide-producing species of STREPTOCOCCUS isolated from human dental plaque.Diet, Cariogenic: A diet that contributes to the development and advancement of DENTAL CARIES.Dental Service, Hospital: Hospital department providing dental care.Tooth, Deciduous: The teeth of the first dentition, which are shed and replaced by the permanent teeth.Dental Plaque: A film that attaches to teeth, often causing DENTAL CARIES and GINGIVITIS. It is composed of MUCINS, secreted from salivary glands, and microorganisms.Cariostatic Agents: Substances that inhibit or arrest DENTAL CARIES formation. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Preventive Health Services: Services designed for HEALTH PROMOTION and prevention of disease.Education, Dental: Use for articles concerning dental education in general.Fluoridation: Practice of adding fluoride to water for the purpose of preventing tooth decay and cavities.Toothbrushing: The act of cleaning teeth with a brush to remove plaque and prevent tooth decay. (From Webster, 3d ed)Schools, Dental: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of dentistry.Fluorosis, Dental: A chronic endemic form of hypoplasia of the dental enamel caused by drinking water with a high fluorine content during the time of tooth formation, and characterized by defective calcification that gives a white chalky appearance to the enamel, which gradually undergoes brown discoloration. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p286)Students, Dental: Individuals enrolled a school of dentistry or a formal educational program in leading to a degree in dentistry.Medicaid: Federal program, created by Public Law 89-97, Title XIX, a 1965 amendment to the Social Security Act, administered by the states, that provides health care benefits to indigent and medically indigent persons.Dental Restoration, Permanent: A restoration designed to remain in service for not less than 20 to 30 years, usually made of gold casting, cohesive gold, or amalgam. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Cariogenic Agents: Substances that promote DENTAL CARIES.Toothpastes: Dentifrices that are formulated into a paste form. They typically contain abrasives, HUMECTANTS; DETERGENTS; FLAVORING AGENTS; and CARIOSTATIC AGENTS.Dental Clinics: Facilities where dental care is provided to patients.Disabled Children: Children with mental or physical disabilities that interfere with usual activities of daily living and that may require accommodation or intervention.Fluorides: Inorganic salts of hydrofluoric acid, HF, in which the fluorine atom is in the -1 oxidation state. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed) Sodium and stannous salts are commonly used in dentifrices.Health Education, Dental: Education which increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of dental health on a personal or community basis.Saliva: The clear, viscous fluid secreted by the SALIVARY GLANDS and mucous glands of the mouth. It contains MUCINS, water, organic salts, and ptylin.North CarolinaDental Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to dental or oral health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Dentition, Permanent: The 32 teeth of adulthood that either replace or are added to the complement of deciduous teeth. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Dental Care for Chronically Ill: Dental care for patients with chronic diseases. These diseases include chronic cardiovascular, endocrinologic, hematologic, immunologic, neoplastic, and renal diseases. The concept does not include dental care for the mentally or physically disabled which is DENTAL CARE FOR DISABLED.Dental Care for Aged: The giving of attention to the special dental needs of the elderly for proper maintenance or treatment. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.Streptococcus sobrinus: A species of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria isolated from the human tooth surface. Strains have been shown to be cariogenic in experimental animals and may be associated with human dental caries.Dental Research: The study of laws, theories, and hypotheses through a systematic examination of pertinent facts and their interpretation in the field of dentistry. (From Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982, p674)United StatesDental Pulp: A richly vascularized and innervated connective tissue of mesodermal origin, contained in the central cavity of a tooth and delimited by the dentin, and having formative, nutritive, sensory, and protective functions. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Oral Hygiene Index: A combination of the debris index and the dental calculus index to determine the status of oral hygiene.Health Services Accessibility: The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.School Dentistry: Preventive dental services provided for students in primary and secondary schools.Dental Hygienists: Persons trained in an accredited school or dental college and licensed by the state in which they reside to provide dental prophylaxis under the direction of a licensed dentist.Molar: The most posterior teeth on either side of the jaw, totaling eight in the deciduous dentition (2 on each side, upper and lower), and usually 12 in the permanent dentition (three on each side, upper and lower). They are grinding teeth, having large crowns and broad chewing surfaces. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p821)Faculty, Dental: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a dental school.Tooth Loss: The failure to retain teeth as a result of disease or injury.Dental Enamel: A hard thin translucent layer of calcified substance which envelops and protects the dentin of the crown of the tooth. It is the hardest substance in the body and is almost entirely composed of calcium salts. Under the microscope, it is composed of thin rods (enamel prisms) held together by cementing substance, and surrounded by an enamel sheath. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p286)Periodontal Diseases: Pathological processes involving the PERIODONTIUM including the gum (GINGIVA), the alveolar bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS), the DENTAL CEMENTUM, and the PERIODONTAL LIGAMENT.Dental Fissures: Deep grooves or clefts in the surface of teeth equivalent to class 1 cavities in Black's classification of dental caries.Dental Anxiety: Abnormal fear or dread of visiting the dentist for preventive care or therapy and unwarranted anxiety over dental procedures.Radiography, Dental: Radiographic techniques used in dentistry.General Practice, Dental: Nonspecialized dental practice which is concerned with providing primary and continuing dental care.Dental Auxiliaries: Personnel whose work is prescribed and supervised by the dentist.Preventive Medicine: A medical specialty primarily concerned with prevention of disease (PRIMARY PREVENTION) and the promotion and preservation of health in the individual.Tooth: One of a set of bone-like structures in the mouth used for biting and chewing.Medically Uninsured: Individuals or groups with no or inadequate health insurance coverage. Those falling into this category usually comprise three primary groups: the medically indigent (MEDICAL INDIGENCY); those whose clinical condition makes them medically uninsurable; and the working uninsured.Primary Prevention: Specific practices for the prevention of disease or mental disorders in susceptible individuals or populations. These include HEALTH PROMOTION, including mental health; protective procedures, such as COMMUNICABLE DISEASE CONTROL; and monitoring and regulation of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS. Primary prevention is to be distinguished from SECONDARY PREVENTION and TERTIARY PREVENTION.Tooth Remineralization: Therapeutic technique for replacement of minerals in partially decalcified teeth.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Dental Arch: The curve formed by the row of TEETH in their normal position in the JAW. The inferior dental arch is formed by the mandibular teeth, and the superior dental arch by the maxillary teeth.Dental Amalgam: An alloy used in restorative dentistry that contains mercury, silver, tin, copper, and possibly zinc.Dental Records: Data collected during dental examination for the purpose of study, diagnosis, or treatment planning.Transillumination: Passage of light through body tissues or cavities for examination of internal structures.Dental Offices: The room or rooms in which the dentist and dental staff provide care. Offices include all rooms in the dentist's office suite.Dental Plaque Index: An index which scores the degree of dental plaque accumulation.Dentin: The hard portion of the tooth surrounding the pulp, covered by enamel on the crown and cementum on the root, which is harder and denser than bone but softer than enamel, and is thus readily abraded when left unprotected. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Dentists: Individuals licensed to practice DENTISTRY.Tooth Extraction: The surgical removal of a tooth. (Dorland, 28th ed)Chewing Gum: A preparation of chicle, sometimes mixed with other plastic substances, sweetened and flavored. It is masticated usually for pleasure as a candy substitute but it sometimes acts as a vehicle for the administration of medication.Toothache: Pain in the adjacent areas of the teeth.Dental Atraumatic Restorative Treatment: Treatment modality for DENTAL CARIES that uses manual excavation method and GLASS IONOMER CEMENTS. Because of its noninvasiveness and no need for expensive equipment and anesthesia it is promoted as an approach in places where dental care is not readily available.Dental Staff: Personnel who provide dental service to patients in an organized facility, institution or agency.Tooth Demineralization: A tooth's loss of minerals, such as calcium in hydroxyapatite from the tooth matrix, caused by acidic exposure. An example of the occurrence of demineralization is in the formation of dental caries.Dietary Sucrose: Sucrose present in the diet. It is added to food and drinks as a sweetener.Dental Equipment: The nonexpendable items used by the dentist or dental staff in the performance of professional duties. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p106)Mouth, Edentulous: Total lack of teeth through disease or extraction.Health Care Surveys: Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.Continental Population Groups: Groups of individuals whose putative ancestry is from native continental populations based on similarities in physical appearance.Mouthwashes: Solutions for rinsing the mouth, possessing cleansing, germicidal, or palliative properties. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Mouth: The oval-shaped oral cavity located at the apex of the digestive tract and consisting of two parts: the vestibule and the oral cavity proper.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Dentist's Practice Patterns: Patterns of practice in dentistry related to diagnosis and treatment.Dental Pulp Diseases: Endodontic diseases of the DENTAL PULP inside the tooth, which is distinguished from PERIAPICAL DISEASES of the tissue surrounding the root.Candy: Sweet food products combining cane or beet sugars with other carbohydrates and chocolate, milk, eggs, and various flavorings. In the United States, candy refers to both sugar- and cocoa-based confections and is differentiated from sweetened baked goods; elsewhere the terms sugar confectionary, chocolate confectionary, and flour confectionary (meaning goods such as cakes and pastries) are used.Xylitol: A five-carbon sugar alcohol derived from XYLOSE by reduction of the carbonyl group. It is as sweet as sucrose and used as a noncariogenic sweetener.Dental Assistants: Individuals who assist the dentist or the dental hygienist.Anesthesia, Dental: A range of methods used to reduce pain and anxiety during dental procedures.Education, Dental, Continuing: Educational programs designed to inform dentists of recent advances in their fields.Dental Enamel Hypoplasia: An acquired or hereditary condition due to deficiency in the formation of tooth enamel (AMELOGENESIS). It is usually characterized by defective, thin, or malformed DENTAL ENAMEL. Risk factors for enamel hypoplasia include gene mutations, nutritional deficiencies, diseases, and environmental factors.Dental Implants: Biocompatible materials placed into (endosseous) or onto (subperiosteal) the jawbone to support a crown, bridge, or artificial tooth, or to stabilize a diseased tooth.Dental Models: Presentation devices used for patient education and technique training in dentistry.Dental Materials: Materials used in the production of dental bases, restorations, impressions, prostheses, etc.Dental Devices, Home Care: Devices used in the home by persons to maintain dental and periodontal health. The devices include toothbrushes, dental flosses, water irrigators, gingival stimulators, etc.Periodontal Index: A numerical rating scale for classifying the periodontal status of a person or population with a single figure which takes into consideration prevalence as well as severity of the condition. It is based upon probe measurement of periodontal pockets and on gingival tissue status.Gingivitis: Inflammation of gum tissue (GINGIVA) without loss of connective tissue.Radiography, Bitewing: Technique involving the passage of X-rays through oral structures to create a film record while a central tab or wing of dental X-ray film is being held between upper and lower teeth.Stomatognathic Diseases: General or unspecified diseases of the stomatognathic system, comprising the mouth, teeth, jaws, and pharynx.Dentistry: The profession concerned with the teeth, oral cavity, and associated structures, and the diagnosis and treatment of their diseases including prevention and the restoration of defective and missing tissue.Group Practice, Dental: Any group of three or more full-time dentists, organized in a legally recognized entity for the provision of dental care, sharing space, equipment, personnel and records for both patient care and business management, and who have a predetermined arrangement for the distribution of income.Dental Prophylaxis: Treatment for the prevention of periodontal diseases or other dental diseases by the cleaning of the teeth in the dental office using the procedures of DENTAL SCALING and DENTAL POLISHING. The treatment may include plaque detection, removal of supra- and subgingival plaque and calculus, application of caries-preventing agents, checking of restorations and prostheses and correcting overhanging margins and proximal contours of restorations, and checking for signs of food impaction.Education, Dental, Graduate: Educational programs for dental graduates entering a specialty. They include formal specialty training as well as academic work in the clinical and basic dental sciences, and may lead to board certification or an advanced dental degree.Ethics, Dental: The principles of proper professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the dentist, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the dentist in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Incisor: Any of the eight frontal teeth (four maxillary and four mandibular) having a sharp incisal edge for cutting food and a single root, which occurs in man both as a deciduous and a permanent tooth. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p820)Mouth DiseasesSocieties, Dental: Societies whose membership is limited to dentists.Technology, Dental: The field of dentistry involved in procedures for designing and constructing dental appliances. It includes also the application of any technology to the field of dentistry.Licensure, Dental: The granting of a license to practice dentistry.Tooth Discoloration: Any change in the hue, color, or translucency of a tooth due to any cause. Restorative filling materials, drugs (both topical and systemic), pulpal necrosis, or hemorrhage may be responsible. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p253)Laboratories, Dental: Facilities for the performance of services related to dental treatment but not done directly in the patient's mouth.Diagnosis, Oral: Examination of the mouth and teeth toward the identification and diagnosis of intraoral disease or manifestation of non-oral conditions.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Chlorhexidine: A disinfectant and topical anti-infective agent used also as mouthwash to prevent oral plaque.Anti-Infective Agents, Local: Substances used on humans and other animals that destroy harmful microorganisms or inhibit their activity. They are distinguished from DISINFECTANTS, which are used on inanimate objects.Dental Pellicle: A thin protein film on the surface of DENTAL ENAMEL. It is widely believed to result from the selective adsorption of precursor proteins present in SALIVA onto tooth surfaces, and to reduce microbial adherence to the TEETH.Glucosyltransferases: Enzymes that catalyze the transfer of glucose from a nucleoside diphosphate glucose to an acceptor molecule which is frequently another carbohydrate. EC 2.4.1.-.BrazilSpecialties, Dental: Various branches of dental practice limited to specialized areas.Dental Calculus: Abnormal concretion or calcified deposit that forms around the teeth or dental prostheses.Fees, Dental: Amounts charged to the patient as payer for dental services.Radiography, Dental, Digital: A rapid, low-dose, digital imaging system using a small intraoral sensor instead of radiographic film, an intensifying screen, and a charge-coupled device. It presents the possibility of reduced patient exposure and minimal distortion, although resolution and latitude are inferior to standard dental radiography. A receiver is placed in the mouth, routing signals to a computer which images the signals on a screen or in print. It includes digitizing from x-ray film or any other detector. (From MEDLINE abstracts; personal communication from Dr. Charles Berthold, NIDR)Pulpitis: Inflammation of the DENTAL PULP, usually due to bacterial infection in dental caries, tooth fracture, or other conditions causing exposure of the pulp to bacterial invasion. Chemical irritants, thermal factors, hyperemic changes, and other factors may also cause pulpitis.Dental Technicians: Individuals responsible for fabrication of dental appliances.Xerostomia: Decreased salivary flow.Cuspid: The third tooth to the left and to the right of the midline of either jaw, situated between the second INCISOR and the premolar teeth (BICUSPID). (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p817)Tooth Wear: Loss of the tooth substance by chemical or mechanical processesTooth Abnormalities: Congenital absence of or defects in structures of the teeth.Dental Restoration Repair: The process of repairing broken or worn parts of a PERMANENT DENTAL RESTORATION.Practice Management, Dental: The organization and operation of the business aspects of a dental practice.Social Marginalization: Individuals or groups, excluded from participation in the economic, social, and political activities of membership in a community.Dental Cavity Preparation: An operation in which carious material is removed from teeth and biomechanically correct forms are established in the teeth to receive and retain restorations. A constant requirement is provision for prevention of failure of the restoration through recurrence of decay or inadequate resistance to applied stresses. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p239-40)Bottle Feeding: Use of nursing bottles for feeding. Applies to humans and animals.Dental Sac: Dense fibrous layer formed from mesodermal tissue that surrounds the epithelial enamel organ. The cells eventually migrate to the external surface of the newly formed root dentin and give rise to the cementoblasts that deposit cementum on the developing root, fibroblasts of the developing periodontal ligament, and osteoblasts of the developing alveolar bone.Evidence-Based Dentistry: An approach or process of practicing oral health care that requires the judicious integration of systematic assessments of clinical relevant scientific evidence, relating to the patient's oral and medical condition and history, with the dentist's clinical expertise and the patient's treatment needs and preferences. (from J Am Dent Assoc 134: 689, 2003)Bicuspid: One of the eight permanent teeth, two on either side in each jaw, between the canines (CUSPID) and the molars (MOLAR), serving for grinding and crushing food. The upper have two cusps (bicuspid) but the lower have one to three. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p822)Dentifrices: Any preparations used for cleansing teeth; they usually contain an abrasive, detergent, binder and flavoring agent and may exist in the form of liquid, paste or powder; may also contain medicaments and caries preventives.Crowns: A prosthetic restoration that reproduces the entire surface anatomy of the visible natural crown of a tooth. It may be partial (covering three or more surfaces of a tooth) or complete (covering all surfaces). It is made of gold or other metal, porcelain, or resin.Tooth Injuries: Traumatic or other damage to teeth including fractures (TOOTH FRACTURES) or displacements (TOOTH LUXATION).Odds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.Comprehensive Dental Care: Providing for the full range of dental health services for diagnosis, treatment, follow-up, and rehabilitation of patients.Biofilms: Encrustations, formed from microbes (bacteria, algae, fungi, plankton, or protozoa) embedding in extracellular polymers, that adhere to surfaces such as teeth (DENTAL DEPOSITS); PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; and catheters. Biofilms are prevented from forming by treating surfaces with DENTIFRICES; DISINFECTANTS; ANTI-INFECTIVE AGENTS; and antifouling agents.IndiaDentition, Mixed: The complement of teeth in the jaws after the eruption of some of the permanent teeth but before all the deciduous teeth are absent. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Esthetics, Dental: Skills, techniques, standards, and principles used to improve the art and symmetry of the teeth and face to improve the appearance as well as the function of the teeth, mouth, and face. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p108)Dental Deposits: Accumulations of microflora that lead to pathological plaque and calculus which cause PERIODONTAL DISEASES. It can be considered a type of BIOFILMS. It is subtly distinguished from the protective DENTAL PELLICLE.Photography, Dental: Photographic techniques used in ORTHODONTICS; DENTAL ESTHETICS; and patient education.Dentist-Patient Relations: The psychological relations between the dentist and patient.Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Jaw, Edentulous, Partially: Absence of teeth from a portion of the mandible and/or maxilla.Tooth Eruption: The emergence of a tooth from within its follicle in the ALVEOLAR PROCESS of the MAXILLA or MANDIBLE into the ORAL CAVITY. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Statistics, Nonparametric: A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)Telepathy: The knowledge or communication by one person with the mental processes of another through channels other than known physical or perceptual processes.Binomial Distribution: The probability distribution associated with two mutually exclusive outcomes; used to model cumulative incidence rates and prevalence rates. The Bernoulli distribution is a special case of binomial distribution.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Streptococcus: A genus of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria whose organisms occur in pairs or chains. No endospores are produced. Many species exist as commensals or parasites on man or animals with some being highly pathogenic. A few species are saprophytes and occur in the natural environment.Schools, Nursery: Schools for children usually under five years of age.Tooth Erosion: Progressive loss of the hard substance of a tooth by chemical processes that do not involve bacterial action. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p296)Infection Control, Dental: Efforts to prevent and control the spread of infections within dental health facilities or those involving provision of dental care.Mobile Health Units: Movable or portable facilities in which diagnostic and therapeutic services are provided to the community.Dental Instruments: Hand-held tools or implements especially used by dental professionals for the performance of clinical tasks.Dental Papilla: Mesodermal tissue enclosed in the invaginated portion of the epithelial enamel organ and giving rise to the dentin and pulp.Dental Occlusion: The relationship of all the components of the masticatory system in normal function. It has special reference to the position and contact of the maxillary and mandibular teeth for the highest efficiency during the excursive movements of the jaw that are essential for mastication. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p556, p472)Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Dental Prosthesis: An artificial replacement for one or more natural teeth or part of a tooth, or associated structures, ranging from a portion of a tooth to a complete denture. The dental prosthesis is used for cosmetic or functional reasons, or both. DENTURES and specific types of dentures are also available. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p244 & Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p643)Dental Informatics: The application of computer and information sciences to improve dental practice, research, education and management.Dental Alloys: A mixture of metallic elements or compounds with other metallic or metalloid elements in varying proportions for use in restorative or prosthetic dentistry.Dentistry, Operative: That phase of clinical dentistry concerned with the restoration of parts of existing teeth that are defective through disease, trauma, or abnormal development, to the state of normal function, health, and esthetics, including preventive, diagnostic, biological, mechanical, and therapeutic techniques, as well as material and instrument science and application. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 2d ed, p237)Dental Pulp Exposure: The result of pathological changes in the hard tissue of a tooth caused by carious lesions, mechanical factors, or trauma, which render the pulp susceptible to bacterial invasion from the external environment.Immunoglobulin A, Secretory: The principle immunoglobulin in exocrine secretions such as milk, respiratory and intestinal mucin, saliva and tears. The complete molecule (around 400 kD) is composed of two four-chain units of IMMUNOGLOBULIN A, one SECRETORY COMPONENT and one J chain (IMMUNOGLOBULIN J-CHAINS).Lactobacillus: A genus of gram-positive, microaerophilic, rod-shaped bacteria occurring widely in nature. Its species are also part of the many normal flora of the mouth, intestinal tract, and vagina of many mammals, including humans. Pathogenicity from this genus is rare.Dental Audit: A detailed review and evaluation of selected clinical records by qualified professional personnel for evaluating quality of dental care.Public Health Dentistry: A dental specialty concerned with the prevention of disease and the maintenance of oral health through promoting organized dental health programs at a community, state, or federal level.Community Dentistry: The practice of dentistry concerned with preventive as well as diagnostic and treatment programs in a circumscribed population.Northern Territory: Territory in north central Australia, between the states of Queensland and Western Australia. Its capital is Darwin.Income: Revenues or receipts accruing from business enterprise, labor, or invested capital.Tooth Crown: The upper part of the tooth, which joins the lower part of the tooth (TOOTH ROOT) at the cervix (TOOTH CERVIX) at a line called the cementoenamel junction. The entire surface of the crown is covered with enamel which is thicker at the extremity and becomes progressively thinner toward the cervix. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p216)Dental Waste: Any waste product generated by a dental office, surgery, clinic, or laboratory including amalgams, saliva, and rinse water.Dental Implantation: The grafting or inserting of a prosthetic device of alloplastic material into the oral tissue beneath the mucosal or periosteal layer or within the bone. Its purpose is to provide support and retention to a partial or complete denture.Sucrose: A nonreducing disaccharide composed of GLUCOSE and FRUCTOSE linked via their anomeric carbons. It is obtained commercially from SUGARCANE, sugar beet (BETA VULGARIS), and other plants and used extensively as a food and a sweetener.Economics, Dental: Economic aspects of the dental profession and dental care.Social Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Composite Resins: Synthetic resins, containing an inert filler, that are widely used in dentistry.Mandible: The largest and strongest bone of the FACE constituting the lower jaw. It supports the lower teeth.Sweetening Agents: Substances that sweeten food, beverages, medications, etc., such as sugar, saccharine or other low-calorie synthetic products. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Periapical Abscess: Acute or chronic inflammation of tissues surrounding the apical portion of a tooth, associated with the collection of pus, resulting from infection following pulp infection through a carious lesion or as a result of an injury causing pulp necrosis. (Dorland, 27th ed)Malocclusion: Such malposition and contact of the maxillary and mandibular teeth as to interfere with the highest efficiency during the excursive movements of the jaw that are essential for mastication. (Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982)Chi-Square Distribution: A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.Poverty: A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.Snacks: Foods eaten between MEALTIMES.
"Etiology of xerostomia and dental caries among methamphetamine abusers". Oral health & preventive dentistry. 3 (3): 189-95. ... True hyposalivation may give the following signs and symptoms: Dental caries (xerostomia related caries) - Without the ... "rampant caries"). It may affect tooth surfaces that are normally spared, e.g., cervical caries and root surface caries. This is ... resulting in acid production and development of dental caries . Acid erosion. Saliva acts as a buffer and helps to prevent ...
"Etiology of Xerostomia and Dental Caries among Methamphetamine Abusers". Oral Health & Preventative Dentistry. 3 (3): 189-195. ... The dental caries of meth mouth often progress slowly, perhaps because their advancement is hindered by intermittent hygienic ... The most notable effect of long-term use of methamphetamine on dental health is the development of caries (tooth decay); the ... The reduction in saliva increases the likelihood of dental caries, enamel erosion, and periodontal disease. Although it is ...
Outline of dentistry and oral health
... of dental caries Barodontalgia Biodontics Bruxism Calculus Ceramics Crown Dental amalgam Dental brace Dental cavities Dental ... Endodontics Orthodontics Minimal intervention dentistry Prosthodontics Pediatric dentistry Preventive dentistry Periodontics ... disease Dental extraction Dental notation Dental phobia Dental restoration Dental spa Dentin Floss Fluoridation Fluoride ... at wikimindmap.com Dental Issues Q&A Forum on USA Today's "Talk Today" Ask Dr.A - patient resource journal Family and Cosmetic ...
As the build-up of plaque between the teeth is the primary cause of dental disease, such as gingivitis and dental caries, the ... Christen AG (1995). "Sumter Smith Arnim, DDS, PhD (1904-1990): a pioneer in preventive dentistry". Journal of Dental Research. ... "Dental flossing and interproximal caries: a systematic review". Journal of Dental Research. 85 (4): 298-305. doi:10.1177/ ... Dental floss, is a cord of thin filaments used to remove food and dental plaque from between teeth in areas a toothbrush is ...
Dental public health
Promoting the use of topical fluoride for preventing and control of dental caries. Facilitating early access to preventative ... Journal of dental research. 2015 28:0022034515602879 Selwitz RH, Ismail AI, Pitts NB. Dental caries. The Lancet. 2007 Jan 12; ... Dental public health looks beyond the role of a dental practitioner in treating dental disease, and seeks to reduce demand on ... International journal of dental hygiene Knevel R, Gussy M, Farmer J, Karimi L. Nepalese dental hygiene and dental students' ...
Early childhood caries
... an early preventive dental visit) potentially experience less dental related issues and incur lower dental related costs ... the dental caries is classified severe, this causes ECC. Diet plays a key role in the process of dental caries. The type of ... Dental caries still today, remains the most prevalent disease worldwide. This means the disease is highly preventable, yet it ... These consumables all have the potential to increase the risk of dental caries due to prolonged contact between sugars in the ...
Preventive treatment options for dental caries besides fissure sealants, involve promoting & education on toothbrushing ... This includes patients with: A history of dental caries Deep retentive pits and fissures Early signs of dental caries Poor ... the American Dental Association, the Australian Dental Association, the British Dental Association, and the Canadian Dental ... Contraindications for the use of dental sealants are individual patients or teeth that are at a low risk of dental caries: This ...
... also known as dental caries) or harden into dental calculus (also known as tartar). Calculus cannot be removed through tooth ... The role of dental biofilm, saliva, and preventative agents in the enamel demineralization and remineralization". Journal of ... The most common way dental plaque is assessed is through dental assessment in the dental clinic where dental instruments are ... Dental plaque is also known as microbial plaque, oral biofilm, dental biofilm, dental plaque biofilm or bacterial plaque ...
Dentistry for babies
Dental caries as a disease, and the possibility of its prevention; - Early childhood caries; - Caries prevention; - ... Cunha, RF; Delbem, AC; Percinoto, C; Saito, TE (2000). "Dentistry for babies: A preventive protocol". ASDC journal of dentistry ... only recently the dental community started to focus on this area of Dentistry, due to the high dental caries (decay) prevalence ... dental caries, dental trauma, alterations of tooth development, etc.). Protocol: - Meetings with parents At the Baby Clinic of ...
"Dental caries", from the Disease Control Priorities Project. Touger-Decker R, van Loveren C (2003). "Sugars and dental caries ... Dental sealants are another preventive therapy often used to provide a barrier to bacteria and decay on the surface of teeth. ... Dentistry Dental auxiliary Dental assistant Dental hygienist Dental technician Dental braces Dental notation Dental tourism ... Moore WJ; Moore, W.J. (1983). "The role of sugar in the aetiology of dental caries. 1. Sugar and the antiquity of dental caries ...
Stannous fluoride has been shown to be more effective than sodium fluoride in reducing the incidence of dental caries and ... Concentrations below 1,000 ppm are not likely to be preventive, and the preventive effect increases with concentration. These ... Achievements in public health, 1900-1999: Fluoridation of drinking water to prevent dental caries. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. ... Kidd, Fejerskov, Edwina, Ole (2016). Essentials of Dental Caries. Oxford University Press. p. 97. ISBN 9780198738268. "Tainted ...
A dental therapist is a member of the dental team who provides preventative and restorative dental care, usually for children ... remove and fill Dental caries. Extract deciduous (baby) teeth under local anaesthetic, perform Pulpotomy treatment on indicated ... These dental therapists can perform a number of basic clinical dental treatment and preventative services under the general and ... "Dental Council of New Zealand: Fees for dental therapists". 2014. Retrieved 24 Oct 2014. "Dental Council of New Zealand: ...
Expresses caries risk graphically. Recommends targeted preventive actions. Can be used in the Dental clinic. Can be used as an ... It helps to understand the multifactorial aspects of dental caries. It can be used as a guide in attempts to estimate caries ... Illustrates the chance to avoid caries. • Expresses caries risk graphically. • Recommends targeted preventive actions. • Can be ... The Cariogram is a graphical picture illustrating in an interactive way the patient's risk for developing new dental caries in ...
FDI World Dental Federation
... is today recognized as one of the leading means to facilitate a paradigm shift to a preventive model of caries management, ... FDI World Dental Federation notation International Association of Dental Students "World Oral Health Day - 20 March 2016". 2016 ... the FDI World Dental Parliament World Oral Health Forum FDI World Dental Exhibition Social Programme 2018 Buenos Aires ( ... FDI World Dental Federation was established in Paris in 1900 as the Fédération Dentaire Internationale and is the world's ...
"Dental caries experience in older people over time: what can the large cohort studies tell us?". British Dental Journal. 196: ... lack of awareness regarding preventive aspects, and habits like smoking and/or tobacco, pan, and betel nut chewing. All these ... Journal of Dental Research. 83: 634-638. Srivastava, R (April 2012). "High burden of dental caries in geriatric population of ... The dental diseases that the elderly are particularly prone to are root caries, attrition, periodontal disease, missing teeth ...
Remineralisation of teeth
Fejerskov O, Nyvad B, Kidd EA: Pathology of dental caries; in Fejerskov O, Kidd EAM (eds): Dental caries: The disease and its ... saliva and preventive agents in enamel demineralization and remineralization". The Journal of the American Dental Association. ... The process of dental caries occurs when the acid-producing bacteria found in dental plaque on teeth feed on fermentable ... American Dental Association, 139(3). Hicks J, Garcia-Godoy F, Flaitz C. Biological factors in dental caries: role of saliva and ...
1986). Fluorides and dental caries : a compendium. Amrit Tewari (Principal contributor). Indian Dental Association. p. 114. ... She is the first person to be selected as the Life member of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry (ISPPD ... She has written several medical articles in peer reviewed journals and has published a book, Fluorides and Dental Caries : A ... "Fellow of Indian Dental Association". Indian Dental Association. 2015. Retrieved 15 October 2015. "List of Fellows - NAMS" (PDF ...
Hereditary fructose intolerance
... especially after post-surgical dental extractions) as they are more susceptible to dental caries and periodontal diseases. This ... Preventive/prophylactic removal of asymptomatic impacted wisdom teeth. Although many dentists remove asymptomatic impacted ... "Management of Dental Patients Taking Anticoagulants or Antiplatelet Drugs - Dental Clinical Guidance" (PDF). Scottish Dental ... Dental phobia is an issue for some individuals, and tooth extraction tends to be feared more than other dental treatments like ...
However, the teeth are not more susceptible to dental caries than normal ones. However, certain patients with dentinogenesis ... Preventive and restorative care are important as well as esthetics as a consideration. This ensures preservation of the ... Dental professionals should therefore proceed with caution when carrying out any dental procedures in patients who have Type 2 ... American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry, Guideline on Dental Management of Heritable Dental Developmental Anomalies, 2013, http ...
Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research
... dental caries, stone disease, cancer, and sexually transmitted diseases. Techniques are available to conduct studies like flow ... Orthodontia, Pedodontia and Preventive Dentistry, Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery. To prepare the students for the administrative ... Graduates of Medicine (MBBS) / Dental (BDS) / Veterinary (BVSc) / Engineering (BE) or any Postgraduate degree (MA/M.Sc) who ... dental surgeon and Padma Shri awardee Keiki R. Mehta, ophthalmologist and Padma Shri awardee K. K. Talwar, cardiologist and ...
... rather fluoride mouthwashes are sometimes used in individuals who are at high risk of dental decay, due to dental caries or ... Yaegaki, K; Sanada, K (1992). "Effects of a two-phase oil-water mouthwash on halitosis". Clinical preventive dentistry. 14 (1 ... It is sometimes used as an adjunct to prevent dental caries and to treat gingivitis periodontal disease, although it does not ... In dental extractions, hot salt water mouthbaths should start about 24 hours after a dental extraction. The term mouth bath ...
Glass ionomer cement
... is primarily used in the prevention of dental caries. This dental material has good adhesive bond ... Dental sealants were first introduced as part of the preventative programme, in the late 1960s, in response to increasing cases ... Dental caries is caused by bacterial production of acid during their metabolic actions. The acid produced from this metabolism ... Fluoride varnishes have been combined with sealant application in the prevention of dental caries. It has been proven that the ...
"Fluorine and dental caries". In Toverud G, Finn SB, Cox GJ, Bodecker CF, Shaw JH. A Survey of the Literature of Dental Caries. ... The effectiveness of water fluoridation can vary according to circumstances such as whether preventive dental care is free to ... Tooth decay (dental caries) is one of the most prevalent chronic diseases worldwide. Although it is rarely life-threatening, ... Dental caries: a dynamic disease process. Aust Dent J. 2008;53(3):286-91. doi:10.1111/j.1834-7819.2008.00064.x. PMID 18782377. ...
"The impact of polyol-containing chewing gums on dental caries". The Journal of the American Dental Association. 139 (12): 1602- ... Other studies indicated that the caries preventive effect of chewing sugar-free gum is related to the chewing process itself ... Machiulskiene, Vita; Nyvad, Bente; Baelum, Vibeke (2001). "Caries preventive effect of sugar-substituted chewing gum". ... "Effects of maltitol and xylitol chewing-gums on parameters involved in dental caries development". European Journal of ...
Fluoride or fluorine deficiency is a disorder which may cause increased dental caries (or tooth decay, is the breakdown of ... Fluoride has proven to be an essential element with preventative and protective properties. Fluoride is capable of combating ... "Dental Caries". The Lancet. 369: 51-9. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(07)60031-2. PMID 17208642. Retrieved 2015-04-16. Kleerekoper, M ... Caries-inhibiting effects of fluoride were first seen in 1902 when fluoride in high concentrations was found to stain teeth and ...
Arthur Lewis Piper
Dental caries Fluoride therapy Xerostomia Dental fluorosis Dentin hypersensitivity Dental restoration Dental surgery Weintraub ... 7 (5). Petersson, LG (Mar 2013). "The role of fluoride in the preventive management of dentin hypersensitivity and root caries ... The Canadian Dental Association The American Dental Association Canadian Dental Hygienists Association American Dental ... Prevention and Management of Dental Caries in Children (PDF) (Report). Scottish Dental Clinical Effectiveness Programme. April ...
... second to dental caries) in Scotland. Twice daily brushing and flossing are a way to help prevent periodontal diseases. ... Dufty, J; Gkranias, N; Donos, N (2017). "Necrotising Ulcerative Gingivitis: A Literature Review". Oral Health & Preventive ... An Oral Health Therapist is a member of the dental team who is dual qualified as a Dental Hygienist and Dental therapist. They ... The minimum qualification required for the M.D.S. degree is a Bachelor of Dental Surgery. A majority of dental schools in India ...
ਦੰਦਾਂ ਵਾਲਾ ਬੁਰਸ਼ - ਵਿਕੀਪੀਡੀਆ, ਇਕ ਅਜ਼ਾਦ ਵਿਸ਼ਵਗਿਆਨਕੋਸ਼
"Interdental brushing for the prevention and control of periodontal diseases and dental caries in adults". Cochrane Database of ... Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry. 29 (3): 235-8. PMID 21985880. doi:10.4103/0970-4388.85832.. ... "Oral Longevity," American Dental Association brochure (PDF), page 2 Archived 2010-11-19 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved June ... Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice. 12 (2): 81-83. ISSN 1532-3382. PMID 22726785. doi:10.1016/j.jebdp.2012.03.016.. ...
"Dental caries and beverage consumption in young children". Pediatrics. 112 (3 Pt 1): e184-91. doi:10.1542/peds.112.3.e184. PMID ... "American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 48 (4): 436-44. doi:10.1016/j.amepre.2014.10.022. PMC 4380673. PMID 25576493.. ... dental caries, and low nutrient levels. Experimental studies tend to support a causal role for sugar-sweetened soft drinks ... then sweetened drinks may increase the risk of dental caries. The risk would be greater if the frequency of consumption is high ...
"The role of fluoride in the preventive management of dentin hypersensitivity and root caries". Clinical Oral Investigations. 17 ... Mechanical-tactile - dental probe during dental examination, periodontal scaling and root planing, toothbrushing. ... Evaporation - air blast from a dental instrument.. *Chemical - acids, e.g. dietary, gastric, acid etch during dental ... Inflammation of the dental pulp, termed pulpitis, produces true hypersensitivity of the nerves in the dental pulp. Pulpitis ...
Medical uses of silver
17 Silver diamine fluoride appears to be an effective intervention to reduce dental caries (tooth decay). Silver ... In August 1999, the U.S. FDA banned colloidal silver sellers from claiming any therapeutic or preventive value for the product, ... Deery C (2009). "Silver lining for caries cloud?". Evid Based Dent. 10 (3): 68. doi:10.1038/sj.ebd.6400661. PMID 19820733.. ... Rosenblatt A, Stamford TC, Niederman R (2009). "Silver diamine fluoride: a caries "silver-fluoride bullet"". J. Dent. Res. 88 ( ...
... dental caries, and the use of enamel biopsies for measuring past exposure to lead" (PDF). J Dent Res. 56 (10): 1165-1171. doi: ... Screening is an important method in preventive medicine strategies. Screening programs exist to test the blood of children ... "Association of dental caries and blood lead levels". JAMA. 281 (24): 2294-2298. doi:10.1001/jama.281.24.2294. PMID 10386553. ... "Blood lead level and dental caries in school-age children". Environ Health Perspect. 110 (10): A625-A630. doi:10.1289/ehp. ...
"Flossing for the management of periodontal diseases and dental caries in adults". The Cochrane Library (12): CD008829. doi: ... not as a preventive treatment for periodontal disease. In a 1997 review of effectiveness data, the U.S. Food and Drug ... A dental hygienist or dentist will also look for signs of periodontitis using X-rays or periodontal probing as well as other ... A dental hygienist or dentist will check for the symptoms of gingivitis, and may also examine the amount of plaque in the oral ...
زونا - ویکیپدیا، دانشنامهٔ آزاد
"Indian Journal of Dental Research. 26 (2): 214-19. doi:10.4103/0970-9290.159175. PMID 26096121. Archived from the original on ... Bader, MS (Sep 2013). "Herpes zoster: diagnostic, therapeutic, and preventive approaches". Postgraduate Medicine. 125 (5): 78- ... Caries *Early childhood caries. *Concrescence. *Failure of eruption of teeth. *Dens evaginatus *Talon cusp ... and the search for various therapeutic and preventive measures began. By the mid-1960s, several studies identified the ...
Water fluoridation controversy
Recommendations for using fluoride to prevent and control dental caries in the United States. MMWR Recomm. Rep.. 2001;50(RR-14 ... The effectiveness of water fluoridation can vary according to circumstances such as whether preventive dental care is free to ... Achievements in public health, 1900-1999: Fluoridation of drinking water to prevent dental caries. MMWR Morb. Mortal Wkly. Rep. ... Effective use of fluorides for the prevention of dental caries in the 21st century: the WHO approach [PDF]. Community Dent. ...
"Insights into preventive measures for dental erosion". Journal of applied oral science : revista FOB. 17 (2): 75-86. doi: ... "Interdental brushing for the prevention and control of periodontal diseases and dental caries in adults". Cochrane Database of ... Stay, Flora Parsa (2005). The fibromyalgia dental handbook: A practical guide to maintaining peak dental health. New York: ... Wilkins, E. M. (1983). Clinical practice of the dental hygienist. 5th ed. Philadelphia: Lea and Febiger. p. 308.. ...
Dental caries is the process of tooth decay, and the development of what is commonly known as cavities. Dental caries are ... "The Guide to Community Preventive Services (The Community Guide). 2019-05-10. Retrieved 2020-04-29.. ... Public dental services are scarce and costly to individuals who lack dental insurance. It may also result in unwarranted visits ... Another notable oral disease pertinent to maternal child health is dental caries. ...
... s may be given as a preventive measure and this is usually limited to at-risk populations such as those with a ... They have an important role in dental antibiotic prophylaxis where their use may prevent bacteremia and consequent infective ... Caries Research. 41 (5): 342-9. doi:10.1159/000104791. PMID 17713333.. ... Hassan T (March 1987). "Pharmacologic considerations for patients taking oral contraceptives". Connecticut Dental Student ...
The 2003 WHO report stated that "Sugars are undoubtedly the most important dietary factor in the development of dental caries". ... "American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 52 (1): 20-30. doi:10.1016/j.amepre.2016.08.010. ISSN 0749-3797. PMID 27745783. ... and dental caries (very low and moderate quality evidence).". On May 20, 2016, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration ... "Sugar Industry Influence on the Scientific Agenda of the National Institute of Dental Research's 1971 National Caries Program: ...
Christen AG (1995). "Sumter Smith Arnim, DDS, PhD (1904-1990): a pioneer in preventive dentistry". Journal of Dental Research. ... for preventing and controlling periodontal diseases and dental caries". Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 4: CD012018. ... "Canadian Dental Association. 2015. Retrieved 17 April 2015.. *^ a b c d e f g h Darby M, Walsh M. Dental Hygiene Theory and ... "Canadian Journal of Dental Hygiene. 46: 63-78.. *^ Donn, Jeff (2 August 2016). "Medical benefits of dental floss unproven". ...
Dental public health
Selwitz RH, Ismail AI, Pitts NB (January 2007). "Dental caries". Lancet. 369 (9555): 51-9. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(07)60031-2. ... Facilitating early access to preventative dental services.. It is also important to note that these factors are also ... Dental public health looks beyond the role of a dental practitioner in treating dental disease, and seeks to reduce demand on ... The most common form of dental clinicians are either general dentists, oral health therapists, dental therapists and dental ...
... in the prevention and treatment of early dental caries? A systematic review". BMC Oral Health. 15: 113. doi:10.1186/s12903-015- ... In medicine and everyday life settings, hygiene practices are employed as preventative measures to reduce the incidence and ... Other uses of the term appear in phrases including body hygiene, personal hygiene, sleep hygiene, mental hygiene, dental ... "Brushing & Flossing: Technique & Choosing Dental Products". www.colgate.com.. *^ Corporation, Australian Broadcasting. "Can you ...
Dental careEdit. Preventive dental treatment is also necessary (and often overlooked by the patient), as the lack of saliva ... placebo-controlled clinical trial of fluoride varnish in preventing dental caries of Sjögren's syndrome patients Archived 2017- ... Treatments include at-home topical fluoride application to strengthen tooth enamel and frequent teeth cleanings by a dental ...
"Etiology of xerostomia and dental caries among methamphetamine abusers". Oral health & preventive dentistry. 3 (3): 189-95. ... Dental caries (xerostomia related caries) - Without the anticariogenic actions of saliva, tooth decay is a common feature and ... resulting in acid production and development of dental caries .. *Acid erosion. Saliva acts as a buffer and helps to prevent ... cervical caries and root surface caries. This is often seen in patients who have had radiotherapy involving the major salivary ...
Although this study indicated high OHL levels among school teachers in Mangalore, India the magnitude of dental caries in this ... Preventive healthcare. *Behavior change *Theories. *Family planning. *Health promotion. *Human nutrition. *Preventive nutrition ... Details regarding demographics, medical, and dental history, oral hygiene practices and habits, diet history, and decay ...
... has been also associated with oral conditions including dental caries, dental implant failures, premalignant lesions, ... Primary care interventions to prevent tobacco use in children and adolescents: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force ... Harris, C.; Warnakulasuriya, K.A.A.S.; Gelbier, S.; Johnson, N.W.; Peters, T.J. (December 1997). "Oral and Dental Health in ... Dental radiograph showing bone loss in a 32 year old heavy smoker patient. ...
"Dhaka Dental College". Dhaka Dental College. Retrieved October 28, 2017.. *^ "List of recognized medical and dental colleges". ... Active caries - Poor motivation: treatment will last at least several months, patient needs to be committed to maintaining the ... and indicates the need for preventative or interceptions orthodontic treatment using a score scale. ... Dhaka Dental College in Bangladesh is one of the many schools recognized by the Bangladesh Medical and Dental Council (BM&DC) ...
Vol 72, Issue 4, Pgs 889-894) Enamel Solubility Tests And Their Significance In Regard To Dental Caries (Annals of the New York ... He later served as professor at the Harvard University School of Dental Medicine. Brudevold was chief of preventive dentistry ... Brudevold was educated at the Norwegian Dental School (Norges Tannlegehøyskole). After his dental examination in Oslo in 1932, ... Vol 50, Issue 1, Pgs 18-22) A Basic Study of the Chewing Forces of a Denture Wearer (Journal of the American Dental Association ...
Frequency of sugar sweetened beverages results in dental caries, which are caused by Streptococcus bacteria. Dental caries is ... American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 42 (6): 563-570. doi:10.1016/j.amepre.2011.10.026. ISSN 1873-2607. PMID 22608371. ... "Oral treatments and dental health › Mouth Conditions › Dental erosion , The British Dental Health Foundation". www.dentalhealth ... Acid erosion and dental caries have been the main health concerns to sugar sweetened beverages. Acid erosion is defined as the ...
Longitudinal study of gastroesophageal reflux and erosive tooth wear | BMC Gastroenterology | Full Text
Table 1 Baseline characteristics of 72 patients presenting with dental erosion and treated with esomeprazole 20 mg twice-daily ... Department of Preventive, Restorative and Pediatric Dentistry, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland*Clive H. Wilder-Smith ... Caries Res. 2012;46:9-15. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.1159/000334786. ... Quantification of dental erosions in patients with GERD using optical coherence tomography before and after double-blind, ...
Does Preventive Care Reduce Severe Pediatric Dental Caries?
... receipt of a preventive care dental visit, caries-related dental sedation visits, DGA, and an emergency department dental visit ... have facilitated preventive dental care by nondental providers. However, because we defined preventive dental care as a claim ... Additionally, the clinical efficacy of increased preventive care dental visits to reduce severe caries in early childhood is ... Table 2. Reimbursement Rates for Preventive Care, Surgery, Sedation, and Emergency Department Visits Related to Dental Caries, ...
Office-Based Preventive Dental Program and Statewide Trends in Dental Caries | American Academy of Pediatrics
Preventive dental services provided through a North Carolina Medicaid preventive dental program led to a reduction in dental ... Office-Based Preventive Dental Program and Statewide Trends in Dental Caries. Leo N. Achembong, Ashley M. Kranz, R. Gary Rozier ... Office-Based Preventive Dental Program and Statewide Trends in Dental Caries. Leo N. Achembong, Ashley M. Kranz, R. Gary Rozier ... Office-Based Preventive Dental Program and Statewide Trends in Dental Caries. Leo N. Achembong, Ashley M. Kranz and R. Gary ...
Prevention of Dental Caries in Children from Birth Through Five Years of Age: Recommendation Statement - U...
Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends that primary care clinicians prescribe oral fluoride supplementation ... Additional factors associated with dental caries in young children include lack of access to dental care; inadequate preventive ... INTERVENTIONS TO PREVENT DENTAL CARIES. As noted previously, oral fluoride supplementation prevents dental caries in patients ... U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Prevention of Dental Caries in Children from Birth Through Five Years of Age: ...
Dental Caries: Fluoride Varnish -- Infants and Children Clinical Preventive Services
Additional factors associated with dental caries in young children include lack of access to dental care; inadequate preventive ... Interventions to Prevent Dental Caries. As noted previously, oral fluoride supplementation prevents dental caries in patients ... As such, the USPSTF limited its review of the evidence of preventive interventions for dental caries to this age group. This ... A risk-based approach to fluoride varnish application will miss opportunities to provide an effective dental caries preventive ...
Preventing Dental Caries in Preschool Children, What's New from the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) | AHRQ Health...
Preventing Dental Caries in Preschool Children, Whats New from the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF). QualityTool ... Preventing Dental Caries in Preschool Children, Whats New from the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF). ... This fact sheet presents highlights of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations on preventing dental ...
The Sydney eScholarship Repository: Preventive and Control Measures for Dental Caries in School Dental Programs of South East...
Journal of International Society of Preventive and Community Dentistry - Dental caries experience and salivary <i>Streptococcus...
Preventive Management Of Dental Caries And Periodontal Diseases Preventive Management Of Common Oral Diseases
Dentagel - FDA prescribing information, side effects and uses
A dental caries preventive; for once daily self-applied topical use. It is well established that 1.1% sodium fluoride is safe ... Self-topical neutral fluoride gel containing 1.1% (w/v) sodium fluoride for use as a dental caries preventative in pediatric ... American Dental Association, Council on Dental Therapeutics, Fluoride compounds, In: Accepted Dental Therapeutics, Ed. 40, ... Prevention of Dental Caries Prevident, Biotene, fluoride topical, Denta 5000 Plus, Fluoridex, Prevident 5000 Plus, SF 5000 Plus ...
EtheDent (Sodium Fluoride): Uses, Dosage, Side Effects, Interactions, Warning
A dental caries preventive; for once daily self-applied topical use. It is well established that 1.1% sodium fluoride is safe ... Self-topical neutral fluoride dentifrice containing 1.1% (w/w) sodium fluoride for use as a dental caries preventive in adults ... Pediatric Use: The use of EtheDent™ (sodium fluoride) in pediatric age groups 6 to 16 years as a caries preventive is supported ... Dental (Oral) Health FAQs Gingivitis Gum Disease Quiz: Test Your Dental IQ FAQs ...
The impact of a school-based tooth-brushing program on dental caries: a cross-sectional study | Environmental Health and...
Prevalence of dental caries in the permanent teeth of 5th-grade children (aged 10-11 years) was 33.3%, with a mean DMFT score ... This study aimed to evaluate the status of dental caries in school children at HPSs, with the objective of examining the impact ... considering the socioeconomic characteristics of the area warrant attention even with declining prevalence of dental caries. ... Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine volume 24, Article number: 83 (2019) Cite this article ...
Acervo Digital: A dental caries preventive program applied to children aged 5 to 8 years attending since the first year of age...
... dental caries experience and the prevalence of dental caries relation with follow-up compliance visits. Material end method: ... A dental caries preventive program applied to children aged 5 to 8 years attending since the first year of age at the Baby ... dental caries from patients included in this study showed statistical relevance when associated with the present dental caries ... The aim of the this study was to present results of a preventive dental program considering oral health maintenance, ...
Dental Caries Investigation in Children Controlled for an Educative and Preventive Oral Health Programme. | Oral Health Prev...
Dental Caries Investigation in Children Controlled for an Educative and Preventive Oral Health Programme. ... Dental Caries Investigation in Children Controlled for an Educative and Preventive Oral He ... Dental caries was associated with low family income, deficient oral hygiene, sucrose ingestion by children younger than three ... High SM levels in saliva, deficient oral hygiene and high frequency of sucrose ingestion had association with dental caries in ...
Association between exposure to household smoking and dental caries in preschool children: a cross-sectional study |...
Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine Year: 2019 Type: Article ... Dental examination was conducted to assess dental caries, that is, decayed and/or filled teeth. Urinary cotinine levels were ... Child , Child, Preschool , Cotinine , Urine , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dental Caries , Epidemiology , Female , Humans , Japan ... [email protected]#We aimed to examine the association of exposure to environmental tobacco smoke with dental caries among preschool ...
The effect of educational program based on the health belief model in adopting dental caries preventive behaviour's in pregnant...
The effect of educational program based on the health belief model in adopting dental caries preventive behaviours in pregnant ... The effect of educational program based on the health belief model in adopting dental caries preventive behaviours in pregnant ... Mothers also obtained the most information on the prevention of dental caries before intervention through television programs ... Background: Oral and dental diseases are one of the most common diseases and oral hygiene is one of the important branches of ...
Exploring factors influencing dental caries preventive measures by general dental practitioners in the public oral health care...
Exploring factors influencing dental caries preventive measures by general dental practiti Exploring factors influencing dental ... Full text: Available Index: LILACS (Americas) Main subject: Brazil / Dental Care / Dental Caries / Qualitative Research / ... Full text: Available Index: LILACS (Americas) Main subject: Brazil / Dental Care / Dental Caries / Qualitative Research / ... Humans , Male , Female , Brazil , Dental Care , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Dentists , Public Health Policy , ...
U.S. Preventive Services Task Force: Prevention of Dental Caries in Children from Birth Through Five Years of Age:...
Additional factors associated with dental caries in young children include lack of access to dental care; inadequate preventive ... U.S. Preventive Services Task Force: Prevention of Dental Caries in Children from Birth Through Five Years of Age: ... Home » News & Events » U.S. Preventive Services Task Force: Prevention of Dental Caries in Children from Birth Through Five ... Dental caries is the most common chronic disease in children in the United States.1 According to the 1999-2004 National Health ...
Drinking Water From Private Wells and Risks to Children | FROM THE AMERICAN ACADEMY OF PEDIATRICS | Pediatrics
Fluoride is an accepted preventive for dental caries; if a childs drinking water contains none, fluoride supplements are ... Dental caries, fluorosis, and fluoride exposure in Michigan schoolchildren. J Dental Res.1988;67 (5):802- 806. ... However, because caries prevention is achieved at drinking water concentrations of 1 ppm and the risk of dental fluorosis ...
DENTA 5000 PLUS BRAND OF 1.1% SODIUM FLUORIDE PRESCRIPTION DENTAL CREAM
A dental caries preventive; for once daily self-applied topical use. It is well established that 1.1% sodium fluoride is safe ... Self-topical neutral fluoride dentifrice containing 1.1% (w/w) sodium fluoride for use as a dental caries preventative in ... The use of Denta 5000 Plus in pediatric age groups 6 to 16 years as a caries preventive is supported by pioneering clinical ... This prescription dental cream should be used once daily in place of your regular toothpaste unless otherwise instructed by ...
Toothpaste | Colgate®
The Guide to Community Preventive Services (The Community Guide)
Dental Caries (Cavities): Community Water Fluoridation. Recommended , April 2013 Bookmark this. Systematic Review ... Content Source: The Guide to Community Preventive Services. Disclaimer: The findings and conclusions on this page are those of ... the Community Preventive Services Task Force and do not necessarily represent those of CDC. Task force evidence-based ...
Search Healthy People 2020 Evidence-Based Resources | Healthy People 2020
Dental Caries: Preventive Medication in Children Age 5 Years and Younger. United States Preventive Services Task ForceTopic ... OH-1 Dental caries experience (3) Apply OH-1 filter *(-) Remove OH-1.1 filter OH-1.1 Dental caries experience: Children 3-5 ... Dental Caries in Children From Birth Through Age 5 Years: Screening U.S. Preventive Services Task ForceTopic Area(s): Oral ... Fluoride Gels for Preventing Dental Caries in Children and Adolescents. Cochrane ReviewTopic Area(s): Oral Health 2015 ...
Fluoride Action Network | Fluoride concentration of bottled water and public water in Lebanon.
In general, fluoride is known as dental caries preventive. A study in 1986 and two other national surveys in 1994 and 2004 ... as well as to assess their effectiveness regarding prevention of dental caries. ... Source: Indian Journal of Dental Research 30(3):375-380 , August 9th, 2019 , By M Doumit, LA Aad, and M Machmouchi. Location: ... showed that the concentration of fluoride in public Lebanese water was insignificant for the prevention of dental caries (less ...
Updates in Pediatrics from Nicklaus Children's Hospital: August 19 Issue
B. Effect of physician-based preventive oral health services on dental caries. ... Data for all other caries preventive treatments advertised appears equally insufficient to assess efficacy. ... indicates that POHs provided by non-dental providers reduces caries in young children (unfortunately this is not associated ... The term "early childhood caries" (ECC) was coined in 1999 along with a classification system to facilitate research. ...
dentalsurgery&orthodontic - drmehaq
Prevention of dental caries by treating with Fluoride preparations and provide other preventive measures and advices.. ... Emads Webpages Aziza Begum My Guestbook dental-orthodontics Treatment Results Some health topics Dental & Orthodontic Terms ... Emads Webpages Aziza Begum dental-orthodontics Treatment Results Frequently Asked Questions ... We use disposable syringes and undertake proper aseptic measures in all dental procedures. ...
Xerostomia - Wikipedia
"Etiology of xerostomia and dental caries among methamphetamine abusers". Oral health & preventive dentistry. 3 (3): 189-95. ... Dental caries (xerostomia related caries) - Without the anticariogenic actions of saliva, tooth decay is a common feature and ... resulting in acid production and development of dental caries .. *Acid erosion. Saliva acts as a buffer and helps to prevent ... cervical caries and root surface caries. This is often seen in patients who have had radiotherapy involving the major salivary ...
US4525343A - Tooth and mouth care agent - Google Patents
Dental caries preventive Citations (8). * Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party. Publication number. Priority date. ... Dental cream package US4689216A (en) * 1986-03-20. 1987-08-25. Vipont Laboratories, Inc.. Sanguinarine dental compositions with ... The prior art for this substance not only states that it has a caries-prophylactic effect and prevents the formation of dental ... Dental and oral care products Patent Citations (8). * Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party. Publication number. Priority ...
Effects of fluoridated drinking water on dental caries in Australian adults. - PubMed - NCBI
Systematic reviews produce conflicting conclusions regarding dental caries-preventive effects of water fluoridation in adults. ... Effects of fluoridated drinking water on dental caries in Australian adults.. Slade GD1, Sanders AE, Do L, Roberts-Thomson K, ... In this nationally representative sample of Australian adults, caries-preventive effects of water fluoridation were at least as ... Community water fluoridation reduced dental caries in Australian adults born before its widespread implementation at least as ...
Fluor-a-Day - FDA prescribing information, side effects and uses
Fluor-a-Day® sodium fluoride and xylitol supplement is for use as a dental caries preventative in children. Each Fluor-a-Day® ... For once daily systemic use as a dental caries preventive in pediatric patients. It has been established that ingestion of ... The use of Fluor-a-Day® Chewable Tablets and Drops as a caries preventive in pediatric age groups 6 months to 16 years is ... Xylitol is a five-carbon polyol that is noncariogenic and may reduce the risk of dental caries. Xylitol is a white, odorless, ...
PreventionTreatmentErosionRoot cariesTooth decaySealantsWater fluoridationInterventionsCavitiesPrevalence of dental caries amongPrevious cariesPrevent CariesAmerican Academy ofOral hygieneHelp prevent dental cariesReducing caries-relatedEvaluating caries riskDecayPatientsCauses of carStreptococcusAvoid dental cariesPreventing Dental CariesHygienePreviDentClinicalHealthAdolescentsBehaviorsFissure cariesMedicaidSodium fluorideDmftServices Task ForceEtiologyPeriodontal DiseasesPreschoolEffectivenessRisk assessmentDiseasesAdultsBacteriaIncidence of dentalSalivaryPits and fissuresEarlyEvidenceMulti-factorialPediatric dentalRestorations
- Once erosive tooth wear is established, prevention of further loss of dental tissue is important, not only because of the high cost of the necessary dental work, but also because of the common sequelae of oral hypersensitivity, functional and aesthetic impairment. (beds.ac.uk)
- To the best of our knowledge, no systematic study relating to the prevention of progression of erosive tooth wear caused by GERD has been reported, except a small pilot project examining optical coherence tomography as a tool for quantifying dental reflux damage [ 6 ]. (beds.ac.uk)
- Significant re-mineralization of root caries in 3 months. (colgate.com)
- Reversal of primary root caries using dentifrice containing 5,000 and 1,100 ppm fluoride. (colgateprofessional.com)
- With respect to root caries, epidemiologists have traditionally attempted to distinguish between lesions which are soft and theoretically active and lesions which are hard and theoretically inactive. (umich.edu)
- 1987). Less is known about the causes of root caries than about caries of the tooth crown, but possible risk factors include increased longevity of the population and longer retention of teeth in adults (Carlos, 1984). (nap.edu)
- Tooth decay (dental caries) is one of the most common diseases in our country, affecting almost the total population. (apha.org)
- Dental caries , also known as tooth decay or cavity , is a disease wherein bacterial processes damage hard tooth structure ( enamel , dentin and cementum ). (thefullwiki.org)
- The report, titled "Use of Dental Care and Effective Preventive Services in Preventing Tooth Decay Among U.S. Children and Adolescents - Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, United States, 2003-2009 and National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, United States, 2005-2010," presented a baseline assessment of preventive services prior to 2012, which is before or shortly after implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA). (carrington.edu)
- Less than half of children ages 21 and younger (44 percent) used dental care in 2009 and only 14 percent of children of the same ages received a preventive dental service, such as a topical fluoride, sealants or both.¹ Once specialists graduate from dental assistant schools, they can help administer these services to reduce the risk of tooth decay, gingivitis and other oral health problems. (carrington.edu)
- The main question was: How effective and safe is the use of fluoride gel for the prevention of tooth decay ( dental caries ) in children and adolescents compared to placebo (a treatment without the active ingredient fluoride) or no treatment? (cochrane.org)
- The prevention of tooth decay in children and adolescents is regarded as a priority for dental services and is considered more cost-effective than its treatment. (cochrane.org)
- Early Childhood Caries (ECC), formerly known as nursing bottle caries, baby bottle tooth decay, night bottle mouth and night bottle caries, is a disease that affects teeth in children aged between birth and 71 months. (wikipedia.org)
- Normally after 6 months, deciduous teeth begin to erupt means, they are susceptible to tooth decay or dental caries. (wikipedia.org)
- Poor feeding practices without appropriate preventive measures can lead to a distinctive pattern of caries in susceptible infants and toddlers commonly known as baby bottle tooth decay or ECC. (wikipedia.org)
- In addition, as children grow older, dental professionals use sealants rather than fluoride varnish. (guidelinecentral.com)
- Dental sealants were introduced in the 1960s to help prevent dental caries, mainly in the pits and fissures of occlusal tooth surfaces. (essentialevidenceplus.com)
- Sealants act to prevent bacteria growth that can lead to dental decay. (essentialevidenceplus.com)
- Dental sealants and fluoride varnishes are much used preventive options for caries. (essentialevidenceplus.com)
- An alternative to a more efficient biofilm control in occlusal areas is the use of dental sealants, which are only indicated for caries-active individuals. (scielo.br)
- support data for use of fluorides, sealants, antimicrobials, and plaque control mechanisms in prevention of caries. (uiowa.edu)
- Over the past two decades, scientific research on pit and fissure sealants has established its efficacy as a primary preventive procedure and its importance in managing dental caries. (thefreelibrary.com)
- In 1976, the Council on Dental Materials of the American Dental Association (ADA) designated sealants as a safe and effective means of preventing pit and fissure caries. (thefreelibrary.com)
- Oral fluoride supplementation prevents dental caries in children with inadequate water fluoridation. (aafp.org)
- Prolonged daily ingestion may result in various degrees of dental fluorosis in pediatric patients under age 6 years, especially if the water fluoridation exceeds 0.6 ppm, since younger pediatric patients frequently cannot perform the brushing process without significant swallowing. (drugs.com)
- Systematic reviews produce conflicting conclusions regarding dental caries-preventive effects of water fluoridation in adults. (nih.gov)
- In this nationally representative sample of Australian adults, caries-preventive effects of water fluoridation were at least as great in adults born before widespread implementation of fluoridation as after widespread implementation of fluoridation. (nih.gov)
- Community water fluoridation reduced dental caries in Australian adults born before its widespread implementation at least as much as after its widespread adoption. (nih.gov)
- Prolonged daily ingestion of quantities greater than the recommended amount may result in various degrees of dental fluorosis in pediatric patients under age 6 years, especially if the water fluoridation exceeds 0.6 ppm. (drugs.com)
- Prolonged daily ingestion may result in dental fluorosis in patients under age 6, especially if water fluoridation exceeds 0.6 ppm. (colgate.com)
- The decline in dental caries has occurred both in fluoride and in fluoride-deficient communities , lending further credence to the notion that modes other than water fluoridation, especially dentrifices, have made a major contribution. (washingtonsblog.com)
- Caries Process and Prevention Strategies : Intervention - This course introduces the student to the role of fluoride in the prevention of caries and includes water fluoridation, systemic fluoride supplementation, fluoride dentifrice and rinses, and professionally applied agents. (dentalcare.com)
- Interventions to reduce pediatric dental surgery should reflect the social determinants of oral health, including access to regular dental care and household oral health behaviors. (cdc.gov)
- In this context, some children among those at high risk for caries develop such severe disease that they seek care in the emergency department (ED) or require dental surgery under general anesthesia (DGA), both of which are costly and often ineffective interventions (3,4). (cdc.gov)
- However, policy interventions to improve access to preventive care have focused on provider reimbursement (11), which may be of limited effectiveness in improving access to preventive care, particularly in states with relatively high reimbursement levels or high numbers of dentists participating in Medicaid programs (12). (cdc.gov)
- in the emergency department (ED) or require dental surgery under Tertiary oral health services (caries-related surgery, sedation, and general anesthesia (DGA), both of which are costly and often inef- emergency department visits) represent high-cost and ineffective fective interventions (3,4). (cdc.gov)
- As such, the USPSTF limited its review of the evidence of preventive interventions for dental caries to this age group. (guidelinecentral.com)
- This recommendation should not be construed to imply that preventive interventions for dental caries should cease after 5 years of age. (guidelinecentral.com)
- The USPSTF concludes that there is limited evidence about the harms associated with fluoride varnish or other preventive interventions for dental caries, but that these risks are likely small. (oasisdiscussions.ca)
- 2 These conditions can be avoided with early preventive oral health interventions, but unfortunately the literature has suggested that children do not receive regular dental care, due to different perceived barriers. (dovepress.com)
- Preventive interventions for dental caries should be established as early as possible because breastfeeding is beneficial for children's health," the report says. (thebump.com)
- It is recommended that the dental public health practitioners here should consider the effect of oral hygiene practices on oral health status in order to design the future health promotion interventions. (hindawi.com)
- The PreviDent dental rinse with extra fluoride can help to decrease cavities in people that have trouble brushing. (colgate.com)
- The decline in caries [the scientific term for "cavities"] prevalence in communities without fluoridated water in various countries is well documented. (washingtonsblog.com)
- These tissues progressively break down, producing dental cavities (holes in the teeth). (thefullwiki.org)
- While efforts are in progress to improve access to dental care for young children in Minnesota, the current reality is that many children do not see a dentist until cavities have already formed. (mn.us)
- Spanish-speaking children and caregivers now have a new online tool to help gauge a child's risk for cavities, thanks to a new interactive quiz launched by a group of Delta Dental companies. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Although dental caries is the most chronic childhood disease in the U.S., an estimated one-third to two-thirds of adults over age 50 also get cavities. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Almost everyone is at some risk for developing cavities, and dental caries (cavities) is one of the most common chronic childhood diseases in the U.S.," said John Yamamoto, DDS, vice president of Professional Services. (medicalnewstoday.com)
Prevalence of dental caries among3
- We investigated the oral health practices and prevalence of dental caries among Libyan pupils [6-12 years], by studying 389 boys and 373 girls selected randomly from 11 public primary schools in three different residential areas indicating different socioeconomic levels. (who.int)
- In Saudi Arabia, the prevalence of dental caries among children ranges from medium to high as stated in the World Oral Health report [ 14 ]. (hindawi.com)
- Some region-based studies in Saudi Arabia had also indicated high prevalence of dental caries among school going children [ 15 - 17 ]. (hindawi.com)
- Other risk factors for caries in children include frequent sugar exposure, inappropriate bottle feeding, developmental defects of the tooth enamel, dry mouth, and a history of previous caries. (guidelinecentral.com)
- Data regarding age, gender, previous caries experience and the frequency at which the patients attended return visits were obtained from the records. (unesp.br)
- Previous caries experience and the lack of compliance with return visits influenced the clinical oral condition of the children during participation in the preventive program. (unesp.br)
American Academy of1
- A total of 466 children aged 4 and 6 years old were included for evaluation of SM levels in saliva , simplified oral hygiene index and dental caries activity. (bvsalud.org)
- Dental caries was associated with low family income , deficient oral hygiene , sucrose ingestion by children younger than three years old, bottle- feeding habit and low parental compliance . (bvsalud.org)
- High SM levels in saliva , deficient oral hygiene and high frequency of sucrose ingestion had association with dental caries in children . (bvsalud.org)
- Oral and dental diseases are one of the most common diseases and oral hygiene is one of the important branches of public health which is more important during pregnancy. (ijmedicine.com)
- Maternal and family factors can also increase children's risk, including poor oral hygiene, low socioeconomic status, recent maternal caries, sibling caries, and frequent snacking. (oasisdiscussions.ca)
- Instead, dental health organizations advocate preventive and prophylactic measures, such as regular oral hygiene and dietary modifications, to avoid dental caries. (thefullwiki.org)
- For all types of pits and fissures, the deep infolding of enamel makes oral hygiene along these surfaces difficult, allowing dental caries to develop more commonly in these areas. (thefullwiki.org)
- Prevention and treatment of dental caries are related to behavioral factors, including dietary and oral hygiene habits, which are related to many chronic diseases. (scielo.br)
- Dental health promotion therefore should be fully integrated into broadly based health-promoting strategies and actions such as food and health policies, and general hygiene (including oral hygiene), among others. (scielo.br)
- Oral hygiene is a major aspect when it comes to caries, since dental biofilm is its etiological factor. (scielo.br)
- Oral hygiene procedures are effective in controlling dental caries, especially if plaque removal is performed adequately and associated with fluoride. (scielo.br)
- Effective oral hygiene and regular dental check-ups are, besides adequate fluoridation and caries-preventive nutrition, pillars in the prevention of tooth and mouth diseases. (news-medical.net)
- This paper throws light on the role and effects of various forms of xylitol on dental caries and oral hygiene status of an individual. (dovepress.com)
- The aim here is to survey the oral hygiene practices that are commonly followed by Arab children and to see its relationship with their dental caries status. (hindawi.com)
- Sociodemographic data and information on oral hygiene practices like use of toothbrush, dental floss, siwak, frequency of brushing along with number of snack between meals per day, and consumption of sugar per day was obtained. (hindawi.com)
- Good oral hygiene practices are recommended by specialists for preventing these oral diseases [ 4 , 5 ], and studies conducted earlier have reported poor oral hygiene among children to be associated with the onset of dental caries [ 6 - 10 ]. (hindawi.com)
Help prevent dental caries1
Evaluating caries risk1
- The WHO data do not support fluoridation as being a reason for the decline in dental decay in 12 year olds that has been occurring in recent decades. (washingtonsblog.com)
- As the decay progresses, caries in enamel nearest the surface of the tooth spreads gradually deeper. (thefullwiki.org)
- Once the caries reaches the dentin at the dentino-enamel junction , the decay quickly spreads laterally. (thefullwiki.org)
- Dentists and clinical staff will expand their focus from treating symptoms to talking about the disease of dental decay and helping people understand that they can stop this disease. (dentalproductsreport.com)
- Self-topical neutral fluoride gel containing 1.1% (w/v) sodium fluoride for use as a dental caries preventative in pediatric patients and adults. (drugs.com)
- Use in pediatric patients under age 6 years requires special supervision to prevent repeated swallowing of gel, which could cause dental fluorosis. (drugs.com)
- Self-topical neutral fluoride dentifrice containing 1.1% (w/w) sodium fluoride for use as a dental caries preventive in adults and pediatric patients. (rxlist.com)
- Material end method: Intraoral and interproximal radiographic exams were performed on 171 patients participants of a preventive dental program. (unesp.br)
- The past dental history of the dental caries from patients included in this study showed statistical relevance when associated with the present dental caries experience and a statistical relationship was found from the absence of compliance to clinical visits and the dental caries presence. (unesp.br)
- This is often seen in patients who have had radiotherapy involving the major salivary glands, termed radiation-induced caries. (wikipedia.org)
- For once daily systemic use as a dental caries preventive in pediatric patients. (drugs.com)
- For daily self-topical use as a dental caries preventative in adults and pediatric patients age 6 years and over. (nih.gov)
- Prolonged daily ingestion may result in various degrees of dental fluorosis in pediatric patients under age 6 years, especially in the areas with high fluoride concentration in drinking water. (nih.gov)
- Weekly rinsing with a neutral 0.2% sodium fluoride solution protects against dental caries in pediatric patients. (colgate.com)
- Colgate has developed a quick-reference Dental Translator tool to help you communicate with your Tagalog speaking patients. (colgateprofessional.com)
- Graduate residents will also have the opportunity to treat pediatric dental patients in the hospital setting and in local community outreach clinics. (umanitoba.ca)
- Assessing, planning, implementing and evaluating dental hygiene care on patients in the clinical setting. (cod.edu)
- EWU Dental Hygiene to Reach More Vulnerable Patients Professor Merri Jones RDH, MSDH received a. (ewu.edu)
- We provide preventive dental hygiene treatment annually for almost 5,084 patients. (ewu.edu)
- We saw 1576 public assistance patients and 159 Delta Dental of Washington patients in 2017. (ewu.edu)
- We provide low-cost, quality restorative dental services to over 1,126 patients annually. (ewu.edu)
- Identify possible dental homes in specific zip code for patients with Medicaid. (nln.org)
- A dentist, Dr V, was working in an NHS dental practice and one of his patients was an eight- year-old girl. (dentalprotection.org)
- 3) Evaluating clinical adoption and the effectiveness of patient-tailored caries-preventive therapies for adult and pediatric dental patients. (ucsf.edu)
- Sodium fluoride chewable tablets for use as a dental caries preventive in pediatric patients. (egeneralmedical.com)
- The extent to which practitioners make use of new methods for identifying patients at risk of dental caries and for diagnosing early carious lesions is not known. (umich.edu)
- This course is designed for dental professionals involved in the care of geriatric patients. (netce.com)
- The purpose of this course is to provide dental professionals with information regarding oral manifestations of the aging process and their relationship with oral and systemic health to ensure the maintenance of optimum quality of life in older patients. (netce.com)
- Patient case exercises use patients on the companion Evolve website's Interactive Dental Office and include medical and dental histories, radiographs, and charting to help you solve problems relating to patient health issues. (elsevier.com)
- It aims to improve or maintain patients' quality of life and reduce morbidity associated with oral and dental disease. (nice.org.uk)
- A caries-preventive composition comprises an antibody obtained by immunizing a mammal with at least one antigen selected from the group consisting of Streptococcus mutans, its cell-wall fraction, fibrous substance fraction, glucosyltransferase fraction and protein antigen fraction, and a synergist selected. (google.com)
- Two groups of bacteria are responsible for initiating caries: Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacilli. (thefullwiki.org)
- Dental caries is the localized demineralization of the tooth surface caused by organic acid metabolites of oral microorganisms such as Streptococcus mutans . (nap.edu)
- The main bacteria responsible for dental caries is Streptococcus mutans (S. Mutans) and Lactobacillus. (wikipedia.org)
Preventing Dental Caries1
- The association between knowledge, attitude and performance in pregnant women toward dental hygiene during pregnancy. (ijmedicine.com)
- Foundation of knowledge and strategies of preventive dental hygiene practice. (cod.edu)
- Prerequisite: Admission into the Dental Hygiene program or consent of instructor. (cod.edu)
- Prerequisite: Admission to the Dental Hygiene program is required. (cod.edu)
- Dental Hygiene 1101 with a grade of C or better or consent of instructor. (cod.edu)
- Integration of the scientific and clinical principles underlying the practice of dental hygiene. (cod.edu)
- Prerequisite: Admission into the Dental Hygiene program is required. (cod.edu)
- Principles of nutrition and biochemistry applied to dental hygiene patient care. (cod.edu)
- Dental Hygiene professors instill more than clinical application of oral care. (ewu.edu)
- 42 Dental Hygiene students graduated on May 3, 2019 with their Bachelor of Science in. (ewu.edu)
- The Mission of the Department of Dental Hygiene is to prepare culturally sensitive future leaders in the dental hygiene profession to provide competent, compassionate care and assume positions of responsibility and leadership in the professional roles of the dental hygienist. (ewu.edu)
- The saliva provides a mechanism to maintain dental hygiene and lack results in caries, and oral infections including thrush and dental and salivary duct infection and salivary duct stones. (arthritis.co.za)
- The prevention of dental caries based on common risk-factor strategies (diet and hygiene) should be supplemented by more disease-specific policies such as rational use of fluoride, and evidence-based dental health care. (scielo.br)
- Demonstrate the ability to incorporate the principles of nutrition and biochemistry into dental hygiene patient care. (cod.edu)
- Demonstrate knowledge of the necessary research methodologies and statistical analysis needed in the dental hygiene clinical setting. (cod.edu)
- We measured the impact of Clinical care alone does not address the multifactorial causes of increased Texas Medicaid reimbursements for preventive dental caries. (cdc.gov)
- Emphasis on clinical appearance of oral structures, dental terminology, morphology of the permanent and primary dentition, patterns, and the occlusion and malocclusion within and between the dental arches. (cod.edu)
- Review of dental anomalies and other clinical appearances. (cod.edu)
- After the clinical exam where the hygienist completes the rest of the questionnaire, the office manager sits down in a consultation room and shows the patient the results of the caries risk assessment. (dentalproductsreport.com)
- With updated content - including the latest technological advancements, clinical photographs, and new coverage on cultural diversity and how it relates to patient care - this new edition will guide you from your first day of class all the way to your first job in dental assisting. (elsevier.com)
- Step-by-step procedures for general and expanded functions use color coding and clinical photos to demonstrate key dental assisting competencies. (elsevier.com)
- Competency skill checklists provide clear guidelines for performing each dental assisting skill and help you evaluate your strengths and weaknesses, with perforated pages so that you can detach individual skill sheets for use in clinical settings. (elsevier.com)
- Procter & Gamble is delighted to have created these courses in conjunction with ADEA, enabling high quality educational experiences and an up-to-date understanding of both the science and its relevance to clinical dental practice. (dentalcare.com)
- Caries Process and Prevention Strategies : Epidemiology - This course gives an emphasis on the relevancy of oral epidemiology to clinical practice and presents trends in prevalence and incidence of caries in both the U.S. and world populations. (dentalcare.com)
- Caries Process and Prevention Strategies : Risk Assessment - This course covers methods for assessing a patient's risk for developing dental caries and provides a risk protocol for clinical adoption. (dentalcare.com)
- Professional clinical management of caries has been very successful in cases of different severities of disease manifestations. (dovepress.com)
- Tertiary oral health services (caries-related surgery, sedation, and emergency department visits) represent high-cost and ineffective ways to improve a child's oral health. (cdc.gov)
- We measured the impact of increased Texas Medicaid reimbursements for preventive dental care on use of tertiary oral health services. (cdc.gov)
- The imbalance in incidence of severe caries reflects disparities in oral health care access and use and other social determinants of oral health. (cdc.gov)
- Although increasing access to preventive dental care is important, preventive care alone does not reduce the likelihood of needing tertiary oral health services (caries-related surgery, sedation, and ED visits) (15). (cdc.gov)
- However, increasing Medicaid reimbursements to dental care providers for preventive services has not substantially decreased disparities in pediatric oral health related to age, race/ethnicity, and income (16). (cdc.gov)
- Dental caries is the most common childhood chronic disease in the What are the implications for public health practice? (cdc.gov)
- The aim of the this study was to present results of a preventive dental program considering oral health maintenance, dental caries experience and the prevalence of dental caries relation with follow-up compliance visits. (unesp.br)
- Effects of oral and dental health education program on knowledge, attitude and short-time practice of pregnant women (Mashhad-Iran). (ijmedicine.com)
- This study aimed to explore the views of dentists working for the Brazilian health system , in regards to the prevention of dental caries . (bvsalud.org)
- The results found indicated that the implementation of prevention depends on several factors such as the training received by dental students , changes in the public dental care provided by expanding the Family Health Strategy and changes in clinicians' attitudes towards prevention through more effective public policies involving the community (AU). (bvsalud.org)
- B. Effect of physician-based preventive oral health services on dental caries. (constantcontact.com)
- Common phrases used in all facets of your appointment, including medical history interview, oral health assessment, and dental procedures, are now available to all registered Colgate Oral Health Advisors via the link below. (colgateprofessional.com)
- Oral health has been largely forgotten since 2000, when the Surgeon General's report, Oral Health in America, declared early childhood caries a silent epidemic, five times more common than asthma and the most common chronic disease of childhood. (nln.org)
- Although the Surgeon General called for pediatric preventive oral health practices to be integrated into well-child care, evidence from national databases reveals that the incidence and prevalence of dental caries continue to be high, especially in lower socioeconomic and minority group populations. (nln.org)
- Counseling by primary-care physicians can increase dental home acceptability in the state of Qatar, especially that access to health care is easy in our community. (dovepress.com)
- Oral diseases, such as periodontal disease, oral mucosal lesions, and caries, are considered as major childhood public health issues. (dovepress.com)
- Poor oral health in preschoolers can lead to pain, 5 may disturb their growth and quality of life, 6 , 7 and is a robust prognosticator of future dental problems. (dovepress.com)
- In this article we discuss health promotion related to dental caries, and the need to apply a common risk approach to prevention. (scielo.br)
- Dental health promotion should be fully integrated into broadly based health-promoting strategies and actions. (scielo.br)
- As those in dental assistant colleges know, oral health is closely intertwined with systemic health. (carrington.edu)
- Include oral health and caries prevention in anticipatory guidance. (mn.us)
- This organization identifies best practices in oral health and then encourages collaboration between dental insurance companies, physicians, dentists (private practice, academia and public health) and researchers to benefit the public and the profession. (dentalproductsreport.com)
- Cognitive and physical challenges in maintaining good oral health and access to dental care for those within the geriatric population will conclude the course. (netce.com)
- Introduction to Biostatistics in Dental Public Health 5. (abebooks.com)
- School Dental Health Programme 9. (abebooks.com)
- Dental Health Care Delivery : Influence of Factors 11. (abebooks.com)
- Dental Health Education and Communication 13. (abebooks.com)
- Geriatric Dental Health Care 14. (abebooks.com)
- Dental Health Care Financing 15. (abebooks.com)
- Planning for Community Dental Health Programmes 16. (abebooks.com)
- Evaluation of Dental Health Programme 17. (abebooks.com)
- Nutrition and Dental Health Care 18. (abebooks.com)
- Community Dental Health Research 19. (abebooks.com)
- Ethics and Jurisprudence in Dental Health Care 24. (abebooks.com)
- Indian Dental Association and Organizations of Health and Dental Health 25. (abebooks.com)
- Demonstrate the ability to create, implement and evaluate a dental health care program in the community. (cod.edu)
- Demonstrate knowledge of the professional role as health care provider and member of the dental team. (cod.edu)
- PCD:8488 St. Lukes-Dental Health Center - arr. (uiowa.edu)
- All it takes is a few minutes each day to achieve and maintain your oral health, and our dental hygienists are on hand to help you maintain the optimum level of oral health with an easy to follow at home routine. (cdc.net.au)
- Caries can be prevented through good oral health behavior. (tudelft.nl)
- However, new research shows that there might be an ideal cutoff time for baby's dental health: 24 months. (thebump.com)
- Caries Process and Prevention Strategies : Erosion - This course introduces the concept of erosive tooth wear as a condition distinct from caries but that is emerging as a public health issue with increasing prevalence in all age-groups. (dentalcare.com)
- A fundamental purpose of dental education is to develop health professionals who will maintain and improve the oral health status of individuals and populations. (nap.edu)
- One task, then, for this committee as it evaluated future directions for dental education was to examine the status of oral health in this country and the ramifications for dental education in both the short and the long-term. (nap.edu)
- it then presents the committee's views on oral health status goals and their implications for dental education. (nap.edu)
- The latest survey, which began in 1988 and does include oral health measures, is to be analyzed by the National Institute for Dental Research (NIDR) rather than NCHS, and results are yet to be published. (nap.edu)
- These included the RAND Health Insurance Experiment report on dental health status (Spolsky et al. (nap.edu)
- We've created this interactive assessment to help engage kids in their own dental health and raise awareness about caries prevention. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Using descriptive statistics, we analyzed primary care physicians' oral health information preferences relative to their information preferences for traditional preventive aspects of well-child visits. (springer.com)
- Incorporating oral health information into the EHR may be desirable for providers, particularly those who perform oral health screenings and dental referrals. (springer.com)
- Recent studies suggest that including oral health information, such as oral health risk assessments and reminders for oral health referrals, in the electronic health record (EHR) can increase the provision of preventive oral health services in primary care. (springer.com)
- Although declining in prevalence, dental caries in the United States remains a significant health problem. (nap.edu)
- 1987). The estimated costs of dental care in the United States amounted to $25.1 billion in 1984, or 6.5% of total health care costs (Levit et al. (nap.edu)
- A parent's education and health awareness has a major influence on the caries experience of their child - feeding practices, dietary habits and food choices. (wikipedia.org)
- Background: The insertion of fixed orthodontic appliances increases the risk of dental caries, particularly in adolescents. (tudelft.nl)
- Adolescents with fixed orthodontic appliances and dental professionals were included in the development process to increase the success of implementation. (tudelft.nl)
- Socio-demographic and preventive dental behaviors were included in multivariable least-squares regression models adjusted for potential confounding. (nih.gov)
- Results: On the basis of our literature search, we identified fluoride use and control of dental plaque levels (eg, tooth brushing and proxy brush usage) as target behaviors for preventing caries. (tudelft.nl)
- In response to a 2004 US Supreme Court decision that required Texas's Medicaid program to comply with guidelines on increasing access to dental care providers (14), Texas increased the amount of fees reimbursed for dental preventive care by 52.5% on September 1, 2007. (cdc.gov)
- Previous research established that Medicaid reimbursements for preventive dental care substantially increased self-reported preventive dental visits in several states (11). (cdc.gov)
- Linear regression models estimated 4 out- particularly in states with relatively high reimbursement levels or comes: preventive care dental visit, dental sedation, emergency de- high numbers of dentists participating in Medicaid programs (12). (cdc.gov)
Services Task Force1
- C. Effectiveness of current therapies to prevent and treat Early Childhood Caries (ECC). (constantcontact.com)
- The FDA's Warning Letter clearly states that fluoride drops and tablets are "unapproved new drugs" because: (1) they are not generally recognized as safe and effective for caries prevention purposes, and (2) no manufacturer has ever provided FDA with adequate studies to demonstrate the drugs' safety and effectiveness. (mercola.com)
- To diagnose a caries infection, you use a risk assessment. (dentalproductsreport.com)
- The ADA has published a caries risk assessment form on their website and Dr. Kim Kutsch, CEO of CariFree, shared his version at the conference as well at http://www.carifree.com/dentists/downloads.html . (dentalproductsreport.com)
- As caries risk assessment becomes more popular in dental practices as a preventive approach, there will be many changes. (dentalproductsreport.com)
- The salt fluoridation and iodization is a unique chance of combining two chemical elements (iodine and fluorine) and thus prevent two important diseases: the endemic goiter and the dental caries, respectively. (ibiblio.org)
- Diseases of the dental hard tissues - non microbial origin. (cuni.cz)
- Today, caries remains one of the most common diseases throughout the world. (thefullwiki.org)
- Caries is one of the most common diseases in childhood. (news-medical.net)
- Prevention of Oral and Dental Diseases 8. (abebooks.com)
- Levels of Prevention of Dental Diseases 32. (abebooks.com)
- Therefore it is important that any products used in managing dry mouth symptoms are sugar-free, as the presence of sugars in the mouth support the growth of oral bacteria, resulting in acid production and development of dental caries . (wikipedia.org)
- Cariogenic bacteria live in biofilm and attack dental enamel by converting sugar and starch into acids that dissolve out calcium from the enamel. (unibas.ch)
- These consumables all have the potential to increase the risk of dental caries due to prolonged contact between sugars in the liquid and cariogenic bacteria on the tooth surface. (wikipedia.org)
Incidence of dental1
Pits and fissures1
- The term "early childhood caries" (ECC) was coined in 1999 along with a classification system to facilitate research. (constantcontact.com)
- Studies show that fluoride varnish along with family education reduces early childhood caries. (mn.us)
- It is likely that dental practitioners choose combinations of appropriate preventive approaches for arresting or reversing early carious lesions. (umich.edu)
- Demonstrate the ability to carry out critical steps in the prevention, preparation, early recognition and/or appropriate management of common medical emergencies seen in the dental office. (cod.edu)
- Xylitol, a five-carbon sugar polyol, has been found to be promising in reducing dental caries disease and also reversing the process of early caries. (dovepress.com)
- The relationship of diet to dental caries risk was suspected as early as the fourth century B.C., when Aristotle hypothesized that dental caries was caused by consumption of sweet figs, which stuck to the tooth (Forster, 1927). (nap.edu)
- Early childhood caries (ECC) is a multi-factorial disease, referring to various risk factors that inter-relate to increase risk of developing the disease. (wikipedia.org)
- Limited evidence found no clear effect on caries increment between performing a single fluoride varnish once every 6 months versus once a year or between a single application every 6 months versus multiple applications once a year or every 6 months. (guidelinecentral.com)
- Diagnosis and management of dental caries�Evidence report. (umich.edu)
- There is moderate quality evidence of a large caries-inhibiting effect of fluoride gel in the permanent dentition. (cochrane.org)
- Information concerning the caries-preventive effect of fluoride gel on the primary dentition, which also shows a large effect, is based on low quality evidence from only three placebo -controlled trials. (cochrane.org)
- Current evidence from studies in humans and animals indeed indicates that dental caries does not develop in the absence of fermentable carbohydrates in the diet (Brown, 1975). (nap.edu)