The ratio of the number of conceptions (CONCEPTION) including LIVE BIRTH; STILLBIRTH; and fetal losses, to the mean number of females of reproductive age in a population during a set time period.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Results of conception and ensuing pregnancy, including LIVE BIRTH; STILLBIRTH; SPONTANEOUS ABORTION; INDUCED ABORTION. The outcome may follow natural or artificial insemination or any of the various ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNIQUES, such as EMBRYO TRANSFER or FERTILIZATION IN VITRO.
The transfer of mammalian embryos from an in vivo or in vitro environment to a suitable host to improve pregnancy or gestational outcome in human or animal. In human fertility treatment programs, preimplantation embryos ranging from the 4-cell stage to the blastocyst stage are transferred to the uterine cavity between 3-5 days after FERTILIZATION IN VITRO.
An assisted reproductive technique that includes the direct handling and manipulation of oocytes and sperm to achieve fertilization in vitro.
Artificial introduction of SEMEN or SPERMATOZOA into the VAGINA to facilitate FERTILIZATION.
The process of bearing developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero in non-human mammals, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Conditions or pathological processes associated with pregnancy. They can occur during or after pregnancy, and range from minor discomforts to serious diseases that require medical interventions. They include diseases in pregnant females, and pregnancies in females with diseases.
Endometrial implantation of EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN at the BLASTOCYST stage.
Techniques for the artifical induction of ovulation, the rupture of the follicle and release of the ovum.
The condition of carrying two or more FETUSES simultaneously.
Diminished or absent ability of a female to achieve conception.
An assisted fertilization technique consisting of the microinjection of a single viable sperm into an extracted ovum. It is used principally to overcome low sperm count, low sperm motility, inability of sperm to penetrate the egg, or other conditions related to male infertility (INFERTILITY, MALE).
Inability to reproduce after a specified period of unprotected intercourse. Reproductive sterility is permanent infertility.
A potentially life-threatening condition in which EMBRYO IMPLANTATION occurs outside the cavity of the UTERUS. Most ectopic pregnancies (>96%) occur in the FALLOPIAN TUBES, known as TUBAL PREGNANCY. They can be in other locations, such as UTERINE CERVIX; OVARY; and abdominal cavity (PREGNANCY, ABDOMINAL).
Human artificial insemination in which the husband's semen is used.
Pregnancy in human adolescent females under the age of 19.
Tests to determine whether or not an individual is pregnant.
Compounds which increase the capacity to conceive in females.
Occurrence or induction of ESTRUS in all of the females in a group at the same time, applies only to non-primate mammals with ESTROUS CYCLE.
Preservation of cells, tissues, organs, or embryos by freezing. In histological preparations, cryopreservation or cryofixation is used to maintain the existing form, structure, and chemical composition of all the constituent elements of the specimens.
Expulsion of the product of FERTILIZATION before completing the term of GESTATION and without deliberate interference.
Clinical and laboratory techniques used to enhance fertility in humans and animals.
Transfer of preovulatory oocytes from donor to a suitable host. Oocytes are collected, fertilized in vitro, and transferred to a host that can be human or animal.
The capacity to conceive or to induce conception. It may refer to either the male or female.
The beginning third of a human PREGNANCY, from the first day of the last normal menstrual period (MENSTRUATION) through the completion of 14 weeks (98 days) of gestation.
Extracts of urine from menopausal women that contain high concentrations of pituitary gonadotropins, FOLLICLE STIMULATING HORMONE and LUTEINIZING HORMONE. Menotropins are used to treat infertility. The FSH:LH ratio and degree of purity vary in different preparations.
A gonadotropic glycoprotein hormone produced primarily by the PLACENTA. Similar to the pituitary LUTEINIZING HORMONE in structure and function, chorionic gonadotropin is involved in maintaining the CORPUS LUTEUM during pregnancy. CG consists of two noncovalently linked subunits, alpha and beta. Within a species, the alpha subunit is virtually identical to the alpha subunits of the three pituitary glycoprotein hormones (TSH, LH, and FSH), but the beta subunit is unique and confers its biological specificity (CHORIONIC GONADOTROPIN, BETA SUBUNIT, HUMAN).
A decapeptide that stimulates the synthesis and secretion of both pituitary gonadotropins, LUTEINIZING HORMONE and FOLLICLE STIMULATING HORMONE. GnRH is produced by neurons in the septum PREOPTIC AREA of the HYPOTHALAMUS and released into the pituitary portal blood, leading to stimulation of GONADOTROPHS in the ANTERIOR PITUITARY GLAND.
The major progestational steroid that is secreted primarily by the CORPUS LUTEUM and the PLACENTA. Progesterone acts on the UTERUS, the MAMMARY GLANDS and the BRAIN. It is required in EMBRYO IMPLANTATION; PREGNANCY maintenance, and the development of mammary tissue for MILK production. Progesterone, converted from PREGNENOLONE, also serves as an intermediate in the biosynthesis of GONADAL STEROID HORMONES and adrenal CORTICOSTEROIDS.
The last third of a human PREGNANCY, from the beginning of the 29th through the 42nd completed week (197 to 294 days) of gestation.
Procedures to obtain viable OOCYTES from the host. Oocytes most often are collected by needle aspiration from OVARIAN FOLLICLES before OVULATION.
A major gonadotropin secreted by the human adenohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, ANTERIOR). Follicle-stimulating hormone stimulates GAMETOGENESIS and the supporting cells such as the ovarian GRANULOSA CELLS, the testicular SERTOLI CELLS, and the LEYDIG CELLS. FSH consists of two noncovalently linked subunits, alpha and beta. The alpha subunit is common in the three human pituitary glycoprotein hormones (TSH, LH, and FSH), but the beta subunit is unique and confers its biological specificity.
A triphenyl ethylene stilbene derivative which is an estrogen agonist or antagonist depending on the target tissue. Note that ENCLOMIPHENE and ZUCLOMIPHENE are the (E) and (Z) isomers of Clomiphene respectively.
The number of births in a given population per year or other unit of time.
Methods pertaining to the generation of new individuals, including techniques used in selective BREEDING, cloning (CLONING, ORGANISM), and assisted reproduction (REPRODUCTIVE TECHNIQUES, ASSISTED).
Methods for recognizing the state of ESTRUS.
The co-occurrence of pregnancy and a cardiovascular disease. The disease may precede or follow FERTILIZATION and it may or may not have a deleterious effect on the pregnant woman or FETUS.
The three approximately equal periods of a normal human PREGNANCY. Each trimester is about three months or 13 to 14 weeks in duration depending on the designation of the first day of gestation.
Unintended accidental pregnancy, including pregnancy resulting from failed contraceptive measures.
The inability of the male to effect FERTILIZATION of an OVUM after a specified period of unprotected intercourse. Male sterility is permanent infertility.
A major gonadotropin secreted by the adenohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, ANTERIOR). Follicle-stimulating hormone stimulates GAMETOGENESIS and the supporting cells such as the ovarian GRANULOSA CELLS, the testicular SERTOLI CELLS, and LEYDIG CELLS. FSH consists of two noncovalently linked subunits, alpha and beta. Within a species, the alpha subunit is common in the three pituitary glycoprotein hormones (TSH, LH, and FSH), but the beta subunit is unique and confers its biological specificity.
Intentional removal of a fetus from the uterus by any of a number of techniques. (POPLINE, 1978)
The co-occurrence of pregnancy and NEOPLASMS. The neoplastic disease may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.
Diseases involving the FALLOPIAN TUBES including neoplasms (FALLOPIAN TUBE NEOPLASMS); SALPINGITIS; tubo-ovarian abscess; and blockage.
The fusion of a spermatozoon (SPERMATOZOA) with an OVUM thus resulting in the formation of a ZYGOTE.
A complication of OVULATION INDUCTION in infertility treatment. It is graded by the severity of symptoms which include OVARY enlargement, multiple OVARIAN FOLLICLES; OVARIAN CYSTS; ASCITES; and generalized EDEMA. The full-blown syndrome may lead to RENAL FAILURE, respiratory distress, and even DEATH. Increased capillary permeability is caused by the vasoactive substances, such as VASCULAR ENDOTHELIAL GROWTH FACTORS, secreted by the overly-stimulated OVARIES.
A technique that came into use in the mid-1980's for assisted conception in infertile women with normal fallopian tubes. The protocol consists of hormonal stimulation of the ovaries, followed by laparoscopic follicular aspiration of oocytes, and then the transfer of sperm and oocytes by catheterization into the fallopian tubes.
The state of PREGNANCY in women with DIABETES MELLITUS. This does not include either symptomatic diabetes or GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE induced by pregnancy (DIABETES, GESTATIONAL) which resolves at the end of pregnancy.
The earliest developmental stage of a fertilized ovum (ZYGOTE) during which there are several mitotic divisions within the ZONA PELLUCIDA. Each cleavage or segmentation yields two BLASTOMERES of about half size of the parent cell. This cleavage stage generally covers the period up to 16-cell MORULA.
The techniques used to select and/or place only one embryo from FERTILIZATION IN VITRO into the uterine cavity to establish a singleton pregnancy.
Pregnancy in which the mother and/or FETUS are at greater than normal risk of MORBIDITY or MORTALITY. Causes include inadequate PRENATAL CARE, previous obstetrical history (ABORTION, SPONTANEOUS), pre-existing maternal disease, pregnancy-induced disease (GESTATIONAL HYPERTENSION), and MULTIPLE PREGNANCY, as well as advanced maternal age above 35.
The most common (>96%) type of ectopic pregnancy in which the extrauterine EMBRYO IMPLANTATION occurs in the FALLOPIAN TUBE, usually in the ampullary region where FERTILIZATION takes place.
The middle third of a human PREGNANCY, from the beginning of the 15th through the 28th completed week (99 to 196 days) of gestation.
The event that a FETUS is born alive with heartbeats or RESPIRATION regardless of GESTATIONAL AGE. Such liveborn is called a newborn infant (INFANT, NEWBORN).
Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.
Steroidal compounds related to PROGESTERONE, the major mammalian progestational hormone. Progesterone congeners include important progesterone precursors in the biosynthetic pathways, metabolites, derivatives, and synthetic steroids with progestational activities.
A 6-methyl PROGESTERONE acetate with reported glucocorticoid activity and effect on ESTRUS.
Movement characteristics of SPERMATOZOA in a fresh specimen. It is measured as the percentage of sperms that are moving, and as the percentage of sperms with productive flagellar motion such as rapid, linear, and forward progression.
The insertion of drugs into the vagina to treat local infections, neoplasms, or to induce labor. The dosage forms may include medicated pessaries, irrigation fluids, and suppositories.
Pregnancy, usually accidental, that is not desired by the parent or parents.
Death of the developing young in utero. BIRTH of a dead FETUS is STILLBIRTH.
Mature male germ cells derived from SPERMATIDS. As spermatids move toward the lumen of the SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES, they undergo extensive structural changes including the loss of cytoplasm, condensation of CHROMATIN into the SPERM HEAD, formation of the ACROSOME cap, the SPERM MIDPIECE and the SPERM TAIL that provides motility.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
The hollow thick-walled muscular organ in the female PELVIS. It consists of the fundus (the body) which is the site of EMBRYO IMPLANTATION and FETAL DEVELOPMENT. Beyond the isthmus at the perineal end of fundus, is CERVIX UTERI (the neck) opening into VAGINA. Beyond the isthmi at the upper abdominal end of fundus, are the FALLOPIAN TUBES.
A post-MORULA preimplantation mammalian embryo that develops from a 32-cell stage into a fluid-filled hollow ball of over a hundred cells. A blastocyst has two distinctive tissues. The outer layer of trophoblasts gives rise to extra-embryonic tissues. The inner cell mass gives rise to the embryonic disc and eventual embryo proper.
The age of the mother in PREGNANCY.
The co-occurrence of pregnancy and an INFECTION. The infection may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.
An OOCYTE-containing structure in the cortex of the OVARY. The oocyte is enclosed by a layer of GRANULOSA CELLS providing a nourishing microenvironment (FOLLICULAR FLUID). The number and size of follicles vary depending on the age and reproductive state of the female. The growing follicles are divided into five stages: primary, secondary, tertiary, Graafian, and atretic. Follicular growth and steroidogenesis depend on the presence of GONADOTROPINS.
Female germ cells derived from OOGONIA and termed OOCYTES when they enter MEIOSIS. The primary oocytes begin meiosis but are arrested at the diplotene state until OVULATION at PUBERTY to give rise to haploid secondary oocytes or ova (OVUM).
The 17-beta-isomer of estradiol, an aromatized C18 steroid with hydroxyl group at 3-beta- and 17-beta-position. Estradiol-17-beta is the most potent form of mammalian estrogenic steroids.
Unsaturated pregnane derivatives containing two keto groups on side chains or ring structures.
Procedures to reverse the effect of REPRODUCTIVE STERILIZATION and to regain fertility. Reversal procedures include those used to restore the flow in the FALLOPIAN TUBE or the VAS DEFERENS.
Two individuals derived from two FETUSES that were fertilized at or about the same time, developed in the UTERUS simultaneously, and born to the same mother. Twins are either monozygotic (TWINS, MONOZYGOTIC) or dizygotic (TWINS, DIZYGOTIC).
The mucous membrane lining of the uterine cavity that is hormonally responsive during the MENSTRUAL CYCLE and PREGNANCY. The endometrium undergoes cyclic changes that characterize MENSTRUATION. After successful FERTILIZATION, it serves to sustain the developing embryo.
Human artificial insemination in which the semen used is that of a man other than the woman's husband.
The entity of a developing mammal (MAMMALS), generally from the cleavage of a ZYGOTE to the end of embryonic differentiation of basic structures. For the human embryo, this represents the first two months of intrauterine development preceding the stages of the FETUS.
The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.
A count of SPERM in the ejaculum, expressed as number per milliliter.
A naturally occurring prostaglandin that has oxytocic, luteolytic, and abortifacient activities. Due to its vasocontractile properties, the compound has a variety of other biological actions.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
The discharge of an OVUM from a rupturing follicle in the OVARY.
The period in the ESTROUS CYCLE associated with maximum sexual receptivity and fertility in non-primate female mammals.
Proteins produced by organs of the mother or the PLACENTA during PREGNANCY. These proteins may be pregnancy-specific (present only during pregnancy) or pregnancy-associated (present during pregnancy or under other conditions such as hormone therapy or certain malignancies.)
The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)
The reproductive organ (GONADS) in female animals. In vertebrates, the ovary contains two functional parts: the OVARIAN FOLLICLE for the production of female germ cells (OOGENESIS); and the endocrine cells (GRANULOSA CELLS; THECA CELLS; and LUTEAL CELLS) for the production of ESTROGENS and PROGESTERONE.
A condition of suboptimal concentration of SPERMATOZOA in the ejaculated SEMEN to ensure successful FERTILIZATION of an OVUM. In humans, oligospermia is defined as a sperm count below 20 million per milliliter semen.
Selective abortion of one or more embryos or fetuses in a multiple gestation pregnancy. The usual goal is to improve the outcome for the remaining embryos or fetuses.
Physiological mechanisms that sustain the state of PREGNANCY.
The technique of maintaining or growing mammalian EMBRYOS in vitro. This method offers an opportunity to observe EMBRYONIC DEVELOPMENT; METABOLISM; and susceptibility to TERATOGENS.
Hormones that stimulate gonadal functions such as GAMETOGENESIS and sex steroid hormone production in the OVARY and the TESTIS. Major gonadotropins are glycoproteins produced primarily by the adenohypophysis (GONADOTROPINS, PITUITARY) and the placenta (CHORIONIC GONADOTROPIN). In some species, pituitary PROLACTIN and PLACENTAL LACTOGEN exert some luteotropic activities.
The thick, yellowish-white, viscid fluid secretion of male reproductive organs discharged upon ejaculation. In addition to reproductive organ secretions, it contains SPERMATOZOA and their nutrient plasma.
An infant during the first month after birth.
The processes of milk secretion by the maternal MAMMARY GLANDS after PARTURITION. The proliferation of the mammary glandular tissue, milk synthesis, and milk expulsion or let down are regulated by the interactions of several hormones including ESTRADIOL; PROGESTERONE; PROLACTIN; and OXYTOCIN.
A technique in assisted reproduction (REPRODUCTIVE TECHNIQUES, ASSISTED) consisting of hormonal stimulation of the ovaries, follicular aspiration of preovulatory oocytes, in-vitro fertilization, and intrafallopian transfer of zygotes at the pronuclear stage (before cleavage).
The co-occurrence of pregnancy and a blood disease (HEMATOLOGIC DISEASES) which involves BLOOD CELLS or COAGULATION FACTORS. The hematologic disease may precede or follow FERTILIZATION and it may or may not have a deleterious effect on the pregnant woman or FETUS.
Anti-inflammatory analgesic.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
The period in the MENSTRUAL CYCLE that follows OVULATION, characterized by the development of CORPUS LUTEUM, increase in PROGESTERONE production by the OVARY and secretion by the glandular epithelium of the ENDOMETRIUM. The luteal phase begins with ovulation and ends with the onset of MENSTRUATION.
The transformation of a liquid to a glassy solid i.e., without the formation of crystals during the cooling process.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual at BIRTH. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
Suspension or cessation of OVULATION in animals or humans with follicle-containing ovaries (OVARIAN FOLLICLE). Depending on the etiology, OVULATION may be induced with appropriate therapy.
Determination of the nature of a pathological condition or disease in the OVUM; ZYGOTE; or BLASTOCYST prior to implantation. CYTOGENETIC ANALYSIS is performed to determine the presence or absence of genetic disease.
Prevention of CONCEPTION by blocking fertility temporarily, or permanently (STERILIZATION, REPRODUCTIVE). Common means of reversible contraception include NATURAL FAMILY PLANNING METHODS; CONTRACEPTIVE AGENTS; or CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES.
A term used to describe pregnancies that exceed the upper limit of a normal gestational period. In humans, a prolonged pregnancy is defined as one that extends beyond 42 weeks (294 days) after the first day of the last menstrual period (MENSTRUATION), or birth with gestational age of 41 weeks or more.
A complication of PREGNANCY, characterized by a complex of symptoms including maternal HYPERTENSION and PROTEINURIA with or without pathological EDEMA. Symptoms may range between mild and severe. Pre-eclampsia usually occurs after the 20th week of gestation, but may develop before this time in the presence of trophoblastic disease.
The condition of carrying TWINS simultaneously.
A complex disorder characterized by infertility, HIRSUTISM; OBESITY; and various menstrual disturbances such as OLIGOMENORRHEA; AMENORRHEA; ANOVULATION. Polycystic ovary syndrome is usually associated with bilateral enlarged ovaries studded with atretic follicles, not with cysts. The term, polycystic ovary, is misleading.
A pair of highly specialized muscular canals extending from the UTERUS to its corresponding OVARY. They provide the means for OVUM collection, and the site for the final maturation of gametes and FERTILIZATION. The fallopian tube consists of an interstitium, an isthmus, an ampulla, an infundibulum, and fimbriae. Its wall consists of three histologic layers: serous, muscular, and an internal mucosal layer lined with both ciliated and secretory cells.
Method to determine the occurrence of OVULATION by direct or indirect means. Indirect methods examine the effects of PROGESTERONE on cervical mucus (CERVIX MUCUS), or basal body temperature. Direct ovulation detection, generally used in fertility treatment, involves analyses of circulating hormones in blood and ULTRASONOGRAPHY.
A highly vascularized mammalian fetal-maternal organ and major site of transport of oxygen, nutrients, and fetal waste products. It includes a fetal portion (CHORIONIC VILLI) derived from TROPHOBLASTS and a maternal portion (DECIDUA) derived from the uterine ENDOMETRIUM. The placenta produces an array of steroid, protein and peptide hormones (PLACENTAL HORMONES).
A major gonadotropin secreted by the adenohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, ANTERIOR). Luteinizing hormone regulates steroid production by the interstitial cells of the TESTIS and the OVARY. The preovulatory LUTEINIZING HORMONE surge in females induces OVULATION, and subsequent LUTEINIZATION of the follicle. LUTEINIZING HORMONE consists of two noncovalently linked subunits, alpha and beta. Within a species, the alpha subunit is common in the three pituitary glycoprotein hormones (TSH, LH and FSH), but the beta subunit is unique and confers its biological specificity.
A potent synthetic long-acting agonist of GONADOTROPIN-RELEASING HORMONE with D-tryptophan substitution at residue 6.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
The potential of the FETUS to survive outside the UTERUS after birth, natural or induced. Fetal viability depends largely on the FETAL ORGAN MATURITY, and environmental conditions.
A condition in which functional endometrial tissue is present outside the UTERUS. It is often confined to the PELVIS involving the OVARY, the ligaments, cul-de-sac, and the uterovesical peritoneum.
The number of offspring a female has borne. It is contrasted with GRAVIDITY, which refers to the number of pregnancies, regardless of outcome.
Chemical substances which inhibit the function of the endocrine glands, the biosynthesis of their secreted hormones, or the action of hormones upon their specific sites.
The science of breeding, feeding and care of domestic animals; includes housing and nutrition.
A process involving chance used in therapeutic trials or other research endeavor for allocating experimental subjects, human or animal, between treatment and control groups, or among treatment groups. It may also apply to experiments on inanimate objects.
Morphological and physiological development of EMBRYOS or FETUSES.
A potent synthetic analog of GONADOTROPIN-RELEASING HORMONE with D-serine substitution at residue 6, glycine10 deletion, and other modifications.
The injection of very small amounts of fluid, often with the aid of a microscope and microsyringes.
Surgical anastomosis or fistulization of the spermatic ducts to restore fertility in a previously vasectomized male.
Pathological processes involving any part of the UTERUS.
The yellow body derived from the ruptured OVARIAN FOLLICLE after OVULATION. The process of corpus luteum formation, LUTEINIZATION, is regulated by LUTEINIZING HORMONE.
Radiography of the uterus and fallopian tubes after the injection of a contrast medium.
Small containers or pellets of a solid drug implanted in the body to achieve sustained release of the drug.
A type of ectopic pregnancy in which the EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN implants in the ABDOMINAL CAVITY instead of in the ENDOMETRIUM of the UTERUS.
In females, the period that is shortly after giving birth (PARTURITION).
The co-occurrence of pregnancy and parasitic diseases. The parasitic infection may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.
Abortion induced to save the life or health of a pregnant woman. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
A condition characterized by the dilated tortuous veins of the SPERMATIC CORD with a marked left-sided predominance. Adverse effect on male fertility occurs when varicocele leads to an increased scrotal (and testicular) temperature and reduced testicular volume.
Compounds that interact with PROGESTERONE RECEPTORS in target tissues to bring about the effects similar to those of PROGESTERONE. Primary actions of progestins, including natural and synthetic steroids, are on the UTERUS and the MAMMARY GLAND in preparation for and in maintenance of PREGNANCY.
The process by which semen is kept viable outside of the organism from which it was derived (i.e., kept from decay by means of a chemical agent, cooling, or a fluid substitute that mimics the natural state within the organism).
Morphological and physiological development of EMBRYOS.
The production of offspring by selective mating or HYBRIDIZATION, GENETIC in animals or plants.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Slow or difficult OBSTETRIC LABOR or CHILDBIRTH.
The visualization of tissues during pregnancy through recording of the echoes of ultrasonic waves directed into the body. The procedure may be applied with reference to the mother or the fetus and with reference to organs or the detection of maternal or fetal disease.
The period from onset of one menstrual bleeding (MENSTRUATION) to the next in an ovulating woman or female primate. The menstrual cycle is regulated by endocrine interactions of the HYPOTHALAMUS; the PITUITARY GLAND; the ovaries; and the genital tract. The menstrual cycle is divided by OVULATION into two phases. Based on the endocrine status of the OVARY, there is a FOLLICULAR PHASE and a LUTEAL PHASE. Based on the response in the ENDOMETRIUM, the menstrual cycle is divided into a proliferative and a secretory phase.
The quality of SEMEN, an indicator of male fertility, can be determined by semen volume, pH, sperm concentration (SPERM COUNT), total sperm number, sperm viability, sperm vigor (SPERM MOTILITY), normal sperm morphology, ACROSOME integrity, and the concentration of WHITE BLOOD CELLS.
Extraction of the FETUS by means of abdominal HYSTEROTOMY.
Care provided the pregnant woman in order to prevent complications, and decrease the incidence of maternal and prenatal mortality.
The removal of secretions, gas or fluid from hollow or tubular organs or cavities by means of a tube and a device that acts on negative pressure.
Occurrence or induction of release of more ova than are normally released at the same time in a given species. The term applies to both animals and humans.
A tough transparent membrane surrounding the OVUM. It is penetrated by the sperm during FERTILIZATION.
The division of a ZYGOTE into two parts, each of which is capable of further development.
Chemical substances that prevent or reduce the probability of CONCEPTION.
The performance of surgical procedures with the aid of a microscope.
A condition of having no sperm present in the ejaculate (SEMEN).
Exchange of substances between the maternal blood and the fetal blood at the PLACENTA via PLACENTAL CIRCULATION. The placental barrier excludes microbial or viral transmission.
Substances used either in the prevention or facilitation of pregnancy.
The consequences of exposing the FETUS in utero to certain factors, such as NUTRITION PHYSIOLOGICAL PHENOMENA; PHYSIOLOGICAL STRESS; DRUGS; RADIATION; and other physical or chemical factors. These consequences are observed later in the offspring after BIRTH.
Permanent deprivation of breast milk and commencement of nourishment with other food. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
The performance of dissections, injections, surgery, etc., by the use of micromanipulators (attachments to a microscope) that manipulate tiny instruments.
Undifferentiated cells resulting from cleavage of a fertilized egg (ZYGOTE). Inside the intact ZONA PELLUCIDA, each cleavage yields two blastomeres of about half size of the parent cell. Up to the 8-cell stage, all of the blastomeres are totipotent. The 16-cell MORULA contains outer cells and inner cells.
Three individuals derived from three FETUSES that were fertilized at or about the same time, developed in the UTERUS simultaneously, and born to the same mother.
The emission of SEMEN to the exterior, resulting from the contraction of muscles surrounding the male internal urogenital ducts.
A glycoprotein that causes regression of MULLERIAN DUCTS. It is produced by SERTOLI CELLS of the TESTES. In the absence of this hormone, the Mullerian ducts develop into structures of the female reproductive tract. In males, defects of this hormone result in persistent Mullerian duct, a form of MALE PSEUDOHERMAPHRODITISM.
Premature expulsion of the FETUS in animals.
Behavior patterns of those practicing CONTRACEPTION.
The process of giving birth to one or more offspring.
The procedure of removing TISSUES, organs, or specimens from DONORS for reuse, such as TRANSPLANTATION.
A class of natural contraceptive methods in which SEXUAL ABSTINENCE is practiced a few days before and after the estimated day of ovulation, during the fertile phase. Methods for determining the fertile period or OVULATION DETECTION are based on various physiological indicators, such as circulating hormones, changes in cervical mucus (CERVIX MUCUS), and the basal body temperature.
A procedure in which a laparoscope (LAPAROSCOPES) is inserted through a small incision near the navel to examine the abdominal and pelvic organs in the PERITONEAL CAVITY. If appropriate, biopsy or surgery can be performed during laparoscopy.
Procedures that render the female sterile by interrupting the flow in the FALLOPIAN TUBE. These procedures generally are surgical, and may also use chemicals or physical means.
A condition in which the percentage of progressively motile sperm is abnormally low. In men, it is defined as
Delivery of the FETUS and PLACENTA under the care of an obstetrician or a health worker. Obstetric deliveries may involve physical, psychological, medical, or surgical interventions.
A condition in pregnant women with elevated systolic (>140 mm Hg) and diastolic (>90 mm Hg) blood pressure on at least two occasions 6 h apart. HYPERTENSION complicates 8-10% of all pregnancies, generally after 20 weeks of gestation. Gestational hypertension can be divided into several broad categories according to the complexity and associated symptoms, such as EDEMA; PROTEINURIA; SEIZURES; abnormalities in BLOOD COAGULATION and liver functions.
Chemical substances or agents with contraceptive activity in females. Use for female contraceptive agents in general or for which there is no specific heading.
The disintegration and assimilation of the dead FETUS in the UTERUS at any stage after the completion of organogenesis which, in humans, is after the 9th week of GESTATION. It does not include embryo resorption (see EMBRYO LOSS).
The fluid surrounding the OVUM and GRANULOSA CELLS in the Graafian follicle (OVARIAN FOLLICLE). The follicular fluid contains sex steroids, glycoprotein hormones, plasma proteins, mucopolysaccharides, and enzymes.
The failure of a FETUS to attain its expected FETAL GROWTH at any GESTATIONAL AGE.
Process of maintaining the functions of CORPORA LUTEA, specifically PROGESTERONE production which is regulated primarily by pituitary LUTEINIZING HORMONE in cycling females, and by PLACENTAL HORMONES in pregnant females. The ability to maintain luteal functions is important in PREGNANCY MAINTENANCE.
Health care programs or services designed to assist individuals in the planning of family size. Various methods of CONTRACEPTION can be used to control the number and timing of childbirths.
Women who allow themselves to be impregnated with the understanding that the offspring are to be given over to the parents who have commissioned the surrogate.
A potent synthetic agonist of GONADOTROPIN-RELEASING HORMONE with 3-(2-naphthyl)-D-alanine substitution at residue 6. Nafarelin has been used in the treatments of central PRECOCIOUS PUBERTY and ENDOMETRIOSIS.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Contraceptive devices placed high in the uterine fundus.
The unmarried man or woman.
CHILDBIRTH before 37 weeks of PREGNANCY (259 days from the first day of the mother's last menstrual period, or 245 days after FERTILIZATION).
The period of cyclic physiological and behavior changes in non-primate female mammals that exhibit ESTRUS. The estrous cycle generally consists of 4 or 5 distinct periods corresponding to the endocrine status (PROESTRUS; ESTRUS; METESTRUS; DIESTRUS; and ANESTRUS).
The deposit of SEMEN or SPERMATOZOA into the VAGINA to facilitate FERTILIZATION.
A demographic parameter indicating a person's status with respect to marriage, divorce, widowhood, singleness, etc.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Congenital abnormalities caused by medicinal substances or drugs of abuse given to or taken by the mother, or to which she is inadvertently exposed during the manufacture of such substances. The concept excludes abnormalities resulting from exposure to non-medicinal chemicals in the environment.
A potent synthetic long-acting agonist of GONADOTROPIN-RELEASING HORMONE that regulates the synthesis and release of pituitary gonadotropins, LUTEINIZING HORMONE and FOLLICLE STIMULATING HORMONE.
The number of offspring produced at one birth by a viviparous animal.
Increase in BODY WEIGHT over existing weight.
The sexual union of a male and a female, a term used for human only.
The male gonad containing two functional parts: the SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES for the production and transport of male germ cells (SPERMATOGENESIS) and the interstitial compartment containing LEYDIG CELLS that produce ANDROGENS.
Morphological and physiological development of FETUSES.
The hormone-responsive glandular layer of ENDOMETRIUM that sloughs off at each menstrual flow (decidua menstrualis) or at the termination of pregnancy. During pregnancy, the thickest part of the decidua forms the maternal portion of the PLACENTA, thus named decidua placentalis. The thin portion of the decidua covering the rest of the embryo is the decidua capsularis.
The unborn young of a viviparous mammal, in the postembryonic period, after the major structures have been outlined. In humans, the unborn young from the end of the eighth week after CONCEPTION until BIRTH, as distinguished from the earlier EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN.
Formation of CORPUS LUTEUM. This process includes capillary invasion of the ruptured OVARIAN FOLLICLE, hypertrophy of the GRANULOSA CELLS and the THECA CELLS, and the production of PROGESTERONE. Luteinization is regulated by LUTEINIZING HORMONE.
The repetitive uterine contraction during childbirth which is associated with the progressive dilation of the uterine cervix (CERVIX UTERI). Successful labor results in the expulsion of the FETUS and PLACENTA. Obstetric labor can be spontaneous or induced (LABOR, INDUCED).
Onset of OBSTETRIC LABOR before term (TERM BIRTH) but usually after the FETUS has become viable. In humans, it occurs sometime during the 29th through 38th week of PREGNANCY. TOCOLYSIS inhibits premature labor and can prevent the BIRTH of premature infants (INFANT, PREMATURE).
Malformations of organs or body parts during development in utero.
Formation of an artificial opening in a fallopian tube.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
Determination of the nature of a pathological condition or disease in the postimplantation EMBRYO; FETUS; or pregnant female before birth.

Reproductive factors and fatal hip fractures. A Norwegian prospective study of 63,000 women. (1/1639)

STUDY OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate the impact of reproductive variables (age at menarche, menopause, first and last birth as well as parity, lactation, and abortions) on hip fracture mortality. DESIGN AND SETTING: A prospective study in Norway with more than 60,000 women followed up for 29 years. A total of 465 deaths as a result of hip fracture were recorded. MAIN RESULTS: Statistically significant linear relations (p < or = 0.02) were found between both age at menarche and length of reproductive period (defined as age at menopause to age at menarche) and the mortality of hip fractures in women aged less than 80. The death rate for women with a late menarche (> or = 17 years) was twice that of the women with relatively early menarche (< or = 13 years). Compared with women with less than 30 years between menopause and menarche, the mortality rate ratio in women with more than 38 reproductive years was 0.5. We also found an inverse relation with age at first birth. CONCLUSIONS: This study supports by hypothesis that an early menarche and a long reproductive period protect against hip fracture mortality. High age at first birth may also be protective.  (+info)

Intracytoplasmic sperm injection after follicle stimulation with highly purified human follicle-stimulating hormone compared with human menopausal gonadotropin. (2/1639)

PURPOSE: Our purpose was to compare oocyte nuclear maturation and embryo quality after pituitary down-regulation and ovarian stimulation with highly purified follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) or human menopausal gonadotropin (HMG). METHODS: Fifty-five patients 37 years of age or younger who were undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF)-intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) were evaluated retrospectively. In all cases, male factor was the only indication for treatment, with no female-related factors identified. Following pituitary down-regulation, patients were stimulated with hMG (n = 20) or highly purified FSH (n = 35). Main outcome measures included ovarian response to stimulation, oocyte maturity, and ICSI fertilization results. Secondary outcome measures included pregnancy rates and outcome. RESULTS: The ovarian response to stimulation was similar for the two groups, as were the percentage of metaphase II oocytes, fertilization and cleavage rates, and number and quality of transferred and cryopreserved embryos. Cycle outcome was comparable. CONCLUSIONS: In normogonadotropic subjects, monocomponent therapy with highly purified FSH is as effective as hMG in stimulating ovarian follicular development, synchronization of oocyte maturation, and IVF-ICSI outcome. Our findings support the conclusion that the luteinizing hormone component in the stimulation protocol is unnecessary.  (+info)

A comparison of three gonadotrophin-releasing hormone analogues in an in-vitro fertilization programme: a prospective randomized study. (3/1639)

The use of gonadotrophin-releasing hormone analogues (GnRHa) has resulted in improved pregnancy rates in in-vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment cycles. Traditionally, short-acting analogues have been employed because of concerns over long-acting depot preparations causing profound suppression and luteal phase defects adversely affecting pregnancy and miscarriage rates. We randomized 60 IVF patients to receive a short-acting GnRHa, nafarelin or buserelin, or to receive a depot formulation, leuprorelin, all commenced in the early follicular phase and compared their effects on hormonal suppression and clinical outcome. We found that on day 15 of administration there was a significant difference in the suppression of oestradiol from initial concentrations, when patients on buserelin were compared with patients on nafarelin or leuprorelin (54 versus 72 and 65%; P < 0.05) and also in the number of patients satisfactorily suppressed, (80 versus 90 and 90%; P < 0.05), though there were no differences between the analogues by day 21. Similarly there was no difference in hormonal suppression during the stimulation phase or in implantation, pregnancy or miscarriage rates in comparing the three agonists. We conclude that with nafarelin and leuprorelin, stimulation with gonadotrophins may begin after 2 weeks of suppression and that long-acting GnRHa are as effective as short-acting analogues with no detrimental effects on the luteal phase.  (+info)

High pregnancy rates and successful prevention of severe ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome by 'prolonged coasting' of very hyperstimulated patients: a multicentre study. (4/1639)

In a multicentre trial, 65 in-vitro fertilization (IVF)-embryo transfer cycles were severely hyperstimulated. Instead of cancelling the cycle, gonadotrophins were withheld for a 'coasting period' until serum oestradiol concentrations had dropped below 10,000 pmol/l (mean 4.3 days), and then human chorionic gonadotrophin was administered. Four cycles were cancelled and there were 61 oocyte aspirations. A total of 103 fresh embryos was transferred to 53 patients, resulting in a pregnancy rate of 42% per started cycle (51% per embryo transfer), with an implantation rate of 31%. Only one patient developed severe ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS). Four patients developed moderate OHSS. In all, two patients were hospitalized for OHSS. In order to optimize the coasting procedure, it seems important that each IVF centre identifies its appropriate cut-off limits for serum oestradiol concentrations and follicle size for initiating and ending of the coasting period. Correctly handled, it seems to be a major advance in the search for improved stimulation policies for high-responders.  (+info)

Subfertile men with constitutive chromosome abnormalities do not necessarily refrain from intracytoplasmic sperm injection treatment: a follow-up study on 75 Dutch patients. (5/1639)

A follow-up study was performed to investigate the impact of the detection of a chromosome abnormality in infertile men who are candidates for intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) treatment. In this collaborative study between clinical genetics centres and fertility clinics in the Netherlands, 75 ICSI couples of which the male partners had a chromosome abnormality were included. All couples were extensively counselled on the risk of having a chromosomally unbalanced child. Forty-two out of 75 couples chose to proceed with the ICSI treatment. So far, treatment has resulted in a pregnancy in 11 cases. Four of them opted to have invasive prenatal diagnosis. Despite the genetic risks related to a chromosome abnormality in infertile men, a small majority (56%) of the couples did not refrain from the ICSI treatment.  (+info)

Fertility after laparoscopic management of deep endometriosis infiltrating the uterosacral ligaments. (6/1639)

The aim of this study was to evaluate fertility outcome after laparoscopic management of deep endometriosis infiltrating the uterosacral ligaments (USL). From January 1993 to December 1996, 30 patients who presented with no other infertility factors were treated using laparoscopic surgery. The overall rate of intrauterine pregnancy (IUP) was 50.0% (15 patients). Only one of these 15 pregnancies was obtained using in-vitro fertilization techniques (IVF). The cumulative IUP rate for the 14 pregnancies which occurred spontaneously was 48.5% at 12 months (95% confidence interval 28.3-68.7). The rate of spontaneous pregnancies was not significantly correlated with the revised American Fertility Society (rAFS) classification. The rate of IUP was 47.0% (eight cases) for patients with stage I or II endometriosis and 46.1% (six cases) for the patients presenting stage III or IV endometriosis (not significant). These encouraging preliminary results show that in a context of infertility it is reasonable to associate classic treatment for endometriosis (e.g. lysis, i.p. cystectomy, biopolar coagulation of superficial peritoneal endometriotic lesions) with resection of deep endometriotic lesions infiltrating the USL. Apart from the benefit with respect to the pain symptoms from which these patients suffer, it is possible to use laparoscopic surgery with substantial retroperitoneal dissection and enable half of the patients to become pregnant. These results also raise the question of the influence of deep endometriotic lesions on infertility.  (+info)

Relaxin secretion by human granulosa cell culture is predictive of in-vitro fertilization-embryo transfer success. (7/1639)

We have developed a cell culture system for human luteinizing granulosa cells which supports the timely and dynamic secretion of oestrogen, progesterone and relaxin in patterns that mimic serum concentrations of these hormones during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle. There was a wide variation in the amount of relaxin secreted by the cultured cells for the 69 patients studied. As relaxin production was generally maximal by day 10 of culture, comparisons were made at this time point. It was observed that most of the conceptions occurred in patients with higher relaxin secretion in vitro. All cycles with relaxin > 800 pg/ml on day 10 had a term pregnancy while only 13% of cycles with relaxin < 200 pg/ml had term pregnancies. A limited number of cycles from donor/recipient cycles did not show similar results. Steroid concentrations were not predictive of conception. These results demonstrated that in-vitro production of relaxin is predictive of implantation success in in-vitro fertilization (IVF)-embryo transfer cycles. This supports the hypothesis that relaxin may be involved in implantation and that lowered relaxin concentrations may be a partial cause of poor pregnancy rates after IVF.  (+info)

The clinical efficacy of low-dose step-up follicle stimulating hormone administration for treatment of unexplained infertility. (8/1639)

The present study was designed to compare the clinical efficacy of low-dose step-up follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) administration with conventional FSH protocol (FSH was injected daily starting with a dose of 150 IU), both combined with intrauterine insemination (IUI), for the treatment of unexplained infertility. A total of 97 unexplained infertility couples was randomly assigned to one or other of the two treatment groups, either conventional FSH with IUI (48 patients) or low-dose step-up FSH with IUI (49 patients), and only the first treatment cycle was evaluated in each protocol. The difference in pregnancy rates per cycle was not statistically significant between the low-dose FSH group and the conventional group [seven of 49 (14.3%) and seven of 48 (14.6%) respectively]. A significant reduction in the incidence of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) was observed in the low-dose group (8.3% versus 27.1%, P < 0.05). The incidence of moderate OHSS requiring hospitalization was reduced significantly in the low-dose group (low-dose 0% versus conventional 16.7%, P < 0.01). However, the low-dose protocol did not completely prevent multiple pregnancies. Our results suggest that the low-dose step-up FSH treatment appeared to be useful for the treatment of unexplained infertility because of the high pregnancy rates and the significant decrease in the incidence of OHSS.  (+info)

Committing to a consistent, clinical program in elective single embryo transfer (eSET), physicians and embryologists at Pacific Fertility Center (PFC) have achieved high pregnancy rates without the risks commonly linked to multiple births. PFC reported the results of its retrospective study on Tuesday, October 21, at the 2014 Annual Meeting of the American Society of Reproductive Medicine (ASRM) in Honolulu, HI.. The report was entitled, Toward a Program of Single Embryo Transfer: Reducing Multiple Gestation Risk Using CCS. This ASRM meeting marks a paradigm shift away from multiple gestation and toward safer singleton pregnancies, said lead author, Philip E. Chenette, MD, who described PFC s innovative program. It involved a consistent message, educational materials, a lecture series, and clinical and laboratory protocols encouraging eSET after comprehensive chromosome screening (CCS). The number of embryos transferred was at the discretion of patient and physician.. A way to identify embryos ...
Ovulation monitors are widely used by women wishing to achieve pregnancy. However, there are few data substantiating claims that these devices enhance the probability of becoming pregnant. In one report it is concluded from the cumulative pregnancy rate that the use of the Clearblue Easy Fertility Monitor increased the pregnancy rate. In a second report, it is argued that the use of the Clearblue Digital Ovulation Test reduces the time taken to conceive. We reconsider these previously published data by analysing each cycle and show that use of such devices might have a small effect (ϕ ≈ 0.12, odds ratio = 2.1-2.2, relative risk = 1.9) in the first month of use, but has no significant effect (ϕ ≈ 0.01, odds ratio = 1.2, relative risk = 1.1-1.2) in the second month. However, the subjects recruited for these two trials had single cycle pregnancy rates (7-11%) that were more similar to those of women avoiding pregnancy (about 6%) than women trying to conceive (about 25%). Given this, there is ...
Note: The table refers to women whose embryo reached blastocyst stage. Frozen embryo cycles are excluded.. To be more specific, 88% of women ,35 years old had a positive test , clinical pregnancy rate was 80%, ongoing pregnancies were 73% and live births were 70% per embryo transfer.. Women 35-39 years old had positive test rate of 72%, clinical pregnancy rate of 56%, ongoing pregnancy rate of 46% and live birth rate of 43% per embryo transfer.. Women ,40 years old had positive test rate of 56%, clinical pregnancy rate of 50%, ongoing pregnancy rate of 39% and live birth rate of 33% per embryo transfer.. Age is clearly a determining factor which affects the result of the treatment. As the age increases, the success rates are reduced.. ...
Background: Luteal phase support with GnRH agonist administration has been shown to be effective in improving the outcome of assisted reproductive technology. The goal of this study was to evaluate the effect of single dose Triptrolin (a GnRH agonist) on the probability of the clinical pregnancy rate following embryo transfer (ET) in assisted reproductive techniques (ART). Methods: In this double blinded randomized clinical trial, 340 infertile women who were candidates for intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) were randomly assigned to receive GnRH agonist (Triptrolin) in the luteal phase or placebo. In the intervention group, 0.1 mg Triptrolin was injected subcutaneously, while the control group received normal saline. The clinical pregnancy and implantation rate were compared between the two groups using chi-2 and t-test. P-values less than 0.05 were considered significant. The registration number of this clinical trial is IRCT 2014030916912N1. Results: Administration of 0.1 mg Triptrolin on day 6
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study is to comprehensively evaluate whether FSH administration to the male partner of infertile couples improves pregnancy rate, spontaneously and/or after assisted reproductive techniques (ART). METHODS: Meta-analysis of controlled clinical trials in which FSH was administered for male idiopathic infertility, compared with placebo or no treatment. Randomization was not considered as an inclusion criterion. RESULTS: We found 15 controlled clinical studies (614 men treated with FSH and 661 treated with placebo or untreated). Concerning the type of FSH, eight studies used recombinant FSH, whereas seven studies used purified FSH. Nine studies evaluated spontaneous pregnancy rate, resulting in an overall odds ratio (OR) of about 4.5 (CI: 2.17-9.33). Eight studies evaluated pregnancy rate after ART, showing a significant OR of 1.60 (CI: 1.08-2.37). Sub-dividing studies according to the FSH preparations (purified/recombinant), pregnancy rate improvement remained ...
BRAZIL - Researchers at Inprenha Biotecnologia, a company based in Jaboticabal, São Paulo State, Brazil, working in partnership with colleagues at the University of São Paulos Ribeirão Preto School of Pharmaceutical Sciences (FCFRP-USP), have discovered a molecule that can increase bovine pregnancy rates and reduce early embryo loss.
The total number of cycles was 162, and the median number of cycles per patient was 1 (1 to 5). Fifty-eight women (56.3%) became pregnant. The total number of endometriomas and size of the largest endometrioma and bilateral endometriomas had no impact on the CPR per patient. Using multivariable analysis, the associated DIE and antimüllerian hormone serum level (≤1 ng/mL) were independent factors associated with a decrease in the pregnancy rate per patient. Overall, the CPR per patient was 73.7%, and it increased until the third cycle with no benefit for additional cycles. The CPR per patient for women with isolated endometriomas and women with endometriomas and associated DIE was 82.5% and 69.4%, respectively.. Conclusion(s): ...
To investigate the relationship between air bubble position after blastocyst transfer (BT) and pregnancy rates (PRs). Retrospective cohort study. University-based infertility center. Three hundred fifteen consecutive nondonor BTs by
A: The World Egg Bank reports pregnancy rates based on each egg thawing cycle. For example, if Patient A has one thawing cycle and becomes pregnant, and Patient B has one thawing cycle and fails to become pregnant, The World Egg Bank would report the results of these two cycles as a 50% pregnancy rate. If Patient B obtained a second set of eggs from The World Egg Bank and became pregnant with that set of eggs, The World Egg Bank would report the results of these three egg thawing cycles as a 67% pregnancy rate (two of three).. However, other egg banks often report the pregnancy rates on a per-patient basis (and not a per-cycle basis). Under such a calculation using the example above, the other egg banks may report a 100% pregnancy rate (two of two patients became pregnant when three cycles took place). This type of calculation is often categorized as a cumulative pregnancy rate. When comparing statistics from different egg banks, one should be sure that the calculations are performed in the same ...
Using the latest technologies, and innovations in the laboratory enable us to select the best embryo possible for transfer, giving our patients the best chance of having a baby.
Pregnancy rates do not prove that the pill does not prevent implantation. Pregnancy rates could be affected by missed pills, by interacting medications, by poor absorption, or by the chance event that a woman had break-through ovulation and conceived and then the baby implanted in the uterus successfully. What we do know is that the pill affects implantation in many cases and usually thins the endometrium. So we know that in some cases implantation is impeded.. ...
Since 2008, there have been different results in a limited number of studies on single-dose CFA administration. In 2008, Devroey et al.(10) wrote the first study about CFA. The authors suggested that a single injection of corifollitropin alfa induced a dose-related increase in multifollicular development and in the number of retrieved oocytes(11). Devroey et al.(10) postulated that CFA was a novel and effective treatment option for potential normal-responder patients undergoing ovarian stimulation with GnRH antagonist co-treatment for IVF resulting in ongoing pregnancy rates equal to that achieved with daily rFSH. Mahmoud Youssef et al.(12) published a meta-analysis in 2012. They included four randomized trials involving 2326 women. There was no evidence of a statistically significant difference in ongoing pregnancy rates for CFA versus rFSH(12). Boostanfar et al.(13) designed a large comparative randomized double-blind trial that confirmed the non-inferiority of pregnancy rates for CFA compared ...
Our Pregnancy Rates, outcomes and individual approach to IVF treatment has made us one of the nations leaders in in vitro fertilization.
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) Success Rates. Success to Coastal Fertility Specialists means high quality patient care measured by patient satisfaction and high pregnancy rates. ... At Coastal Fertility Specialists our pregnancy rates are among the top in the country.
Austin TX (PRWEB) October 11 2017 A new study published in Fertility and Sterility in August compared the implantation and pregnancy rates in frozen and fresh a hre,New,Study,Confirms,Texas,Fertility,Center,Research,About,Increasing,Pregnancy,Rates,with,Frozen,Embryo,Transfer,biological,advanced biology technology,biology laboratory technology,biology device technology,latest biology technology
Download Free Full-Text of an article THE OUTCOME OF PREGNANCY RATE AFTER THE EMBRYO DONATION IN NATURAL CYCLE AT HAMADAN INFERTILITY CENTER
Pregnancy rates were assessed in suckled beef cows (n=145) and virgin beef heifers (n=606) of mixed breeding following an injection of either 100 or 200 μg of a GnRH agonist given once on d 11-14 after estrus and insemination ...
Around 10% of couple will not achieve pregnancy after 12 months of exposure, and will undergo assisted reproductive technology. In this systematic review we seek to determine whether the treatment of trombophilia, both exogenous and endogenous, increase or not the clinical pregnancy rate. We found 29 articles, 6 were included in the analysis. We found evidence that there is an association of thrombophilia and infertility, but not that the treatment improve the clinical pregnancy rate in women undergoing in vitro fertilization ...
The research is part of an extensive project submitted to the 1st National Congress of the Spanish Infertility and Sterility Society
Vancouver, Canada (PRWEB) November 29, 2011 -- Dr Al Yuzpe, co-director of Genesis Fertility Centre, concurs with a recent study published in the Journal of
CCRMs IVF Egg Retrieval process can help patients achieve high pregnancy rates. Were the nations leading fertility clinic. Learn how we can help you! From in vitro fertilization (IVF) to egg donation, CCRMs science across the full spectrum of fertility helps families achieve their dreams of having a baby.
The high pregnancy rate in KwaZulu-Natal schools is putting pressure on the provinces public health institutions, the provincial health department says.
Even with top-notch doctors and top-notch laboratory conditions, pregnancy success through IVF is not a sure thing. So news that a new way of processing embryos during in vitro fertilization (IVF) has enhanced conception rates by more than a quarter would seem to be a welcome development.
Anyone whos considered or undergone IVF to conceive a baby, knows it is a tremendous undertaking, both mentally, physically and financially. One big part of the expense and potential for nasty side effects is the drugs needed to stimulate the ovaries to produce many mature eggs. There is now a new procedure called IVM (InVitro Maturation), which is having tremendous success without the need for expensive stimulation drugs. More.... ...
Tutti i diritti riservati - Editore del portale www.youmed.it, www.youmed.tv: New Business Promotion S.r.l., Via Formentini 4/6, 20121 Milano P. Iva e Cod. fisc.: 11654240156 Tel. 02- ...
I realize that this is a very difficult issue to respond to but I thought I would give this forum a shot. My wife and I just completed an ivf cycle which was very successful. She is young, 34, and produced tons of eggs to the point we we have 11 embryos frozen. Our major prbolem was my low motility. They implanted two embryos which all of the staff told us were gorgeous. All indications are that things could not have gone any better up to this point. My question is, simply, once we have gotten to this stage and past several hurdles, are our chances still 50/50 or better than that? We were at a very good clinic and got a lot of winks and nods from staff and nurses about our chances but I did not feel comfortable in asking about the odds. We have just started our 2 week waiting period which is of course hard. Thanks very much for any insights ...
Vitrolife is committed to improving pregnancy rates. This is why we provide an unbroken chain of quality products, securing the results in every step during the whole IVF-treatment. Only Vitrolife can guarantee every link in this chain. With equally devoted clinics we reach success. Together. All the way.
Vitrolife is committed to improving pregnancy rates. This is why we provide an unbroken chain of quality products, securing the results in every step during the whole IVF-treatment. Only Vitrolife can guarantee every link in this chain. With equally devoted clinics we reach success. Together. All the way.
Impact of luteal phase support with vaginal progesterone on the clinical pregnancy rate in intrauterine insemination cycles stimulated with gonadotropins : a randomized multicenter study ...
Looking for online definition of pregnancy rate (overall) in the Medical Dictionary? pregnancy rate (overall) explanation free. What is pregnancy rate (overall)? Meaning of pregnancy rate (overall) medical term. What does pregnancy rate (overall) mean?
FRIDAY, Jan. 15, 2021 (HealthDay News). When it comes to in vitro fertilization, new research suggests fresh is best.. In the study, researchers analyzed data from 33,000 women who received fresh or frozen embryos derived from freshly retrieved donor eggs.. The data was from 370 in vitro fertilization clinics in the United States that account for more than 95% of all assisted reproduction nationwide.. Women who received fresh embryos derived from fresh donor eggs had significantly higher pregnancy and live birth rates, while miscarriage rates were the same between both groups.. The live birth rates were 56.6% when live embryos were used, compared with 44% for frozen embryos. Clinical pregnancy rates were 66.7% for fresh embryos compared to 54.2% for frozen embryos.. In cycles using ones own eggs, recent randomized controlled trials comparing pregnancy rates between fresh and frozen embryo transfers have suggested that pregnancy rates are equivalent or possibly higher following frozen embryo ...
RESULTS: During the 426 cycles, clinical pregnancy rate was 49.77% and embryo implantation rate was 27.20%. Differences in estradiol and progesterone levels on the day of endometrial transformation and before transplantation between pregnant and non-pregnant groups were not statistically significant. Furthermore, embryo implantation rate and clinical pregnancy rate among different levels of estradiol patients was not statistical different. On the day before transplantation, serum estradiol level decreased in 98.36% of patients. Differences in implantation rate and clinical pregnancy rate among patients with different extents of decrease in estradiol and different progesterone levels on the day before transplantation were statistically significant ( ...
Through studies conducted at the LSU AgCenters Reproductive Biology Center (RBC) we have shown that beef bull semen processed and frozen from the 1960s is still as viable and produces similar pregnancy rates in beef females as semen processed in 2003. We also found that differences in animal temperament prior to artificial insemination (AI) is not associated with AI pregnancy rates.. We are evaluating a procedure where lasers are used on lower quality cattle embryos that have been frozen, then thawed. This procedure helps the embryos hatch from their thick outer membrane so further development can take place in hopes of improving pregnancy rates after embryo transfer.. Studies on White-tail deer have shown that pregnancy rates following synchronization of estrus and AI average 55%. Also, this laboratory has shown that semen can be harvested from the testicles of hunter-killed bucks, frozen, stored and thawed at a later date to produce viable offspring. Using this approach will allow us to ...
Introduction: Frozen-thawed embryo transfers (FET) have become a standard practice to increase cumulative pregnancy rates, however, the choice of the best preparation protocol remains a matter of debate.Design: Retrospective analysis of clinical pregnancy (CPR) and live birth rate (LBR) of FET in natural cycles (NC-FET), modified natural cycles with hCG-triggered ovulation (mNC-FET), and hormonal artificial replacement (AR-FET).Materials and Methods: For natural cycles, patients were monitored by ultrasound to evaluate the dominant follicle and by urinary LH kits (NC-FET). When the endometrial thickness reached at least 7 mm and the dominant follicle 16-20 mm, hCG was administered in absence of urinary LH surge (mNC-FET). Embryo thawing and transfer was planned 7 days after LH surge or hCG administration. For the AR-FET, oral estradiol valerate was administered from day 2 of menstrual cycle until endometrial thickness reached at least 7 mm and transfer was planned after 5 days of vaginal progesterone
The change pregjancy a assessment process that included enter from insurers and the National Pregnanxy Legislation Middle. The heart functioned only 5 of its capability, with a minimal fifty five-65 for survival. I am sure you will have tested once more since you posted this. It is a group of muscle tissues and tender tissues supporting the area from pubic bone to base of the spine, and connecting the sitz bones that maintain the organs in place. The stages of pregnancy are sometimes described in three-month intervals often called trimesters. Im nonetheless not sure. Implantation bleeding, which happens about eates weeks into your pregnancy as the fertilized egg attaches to your uterine wall. Meals cravings and meals aversions are additionally widespread indicators of being pregnant. There is a potential danger to the developing fetus if your body temperature rises above 102 degrees. Endometriosis pregnancy rates after surgery. I endometriosis pregnancy rates after surgery fndometriosis for a ...
So, what happens in the body and mind of a woman going through an embryo transfer cycle? It seems simple… Give woman hormones Insert embryo Wait 9 months Have baby For the more than 4 step process, read on to see what happened physically, mentally and emotionally on my recent embryo transfer cycle… Pre-cycle: I…
Looking for biochemical pregnancy? Find out information about biochemical pregnancy. period of time between fertilization of the ovum ovum , in biology, specialized plant or animal sex cell, also called the egg, or egg cell. It is the female... Explanation of biochemical pregnancy
Malpani Infertility Clinic is one of the best IVF Clinic in India for Infertility Treatment. This ivf clinic in mumbai has highest pregnancy rate.
Lipids are an important source for energy production during oocyte maturation. The accumulation of intracellular lipids binds to proteins to form lipid droplets. This may lead to cellular lipotoxicity. The impact of lipotoxicity on cumulus and granulosa cells has been reported. This pilot study evaluated their correlation to oocyte and embryo quality. Prospective case-control study. Setting: Referral IVF unit. Patients: Women younger than age 40, undergoing IVF with intracytoplasmic sperm injection. Interventions: 15 women with BMI | 30 (high BMI) and 26 women with BMI | 25 (low BMI) were enrolled. IVF outcomes were compared between groups based on BMI. Lipid content in cumulus and granulosa cells was evaluated using quantitative and descriptive methods. Lipid profile, hormonal profile and C-reactive protein were evaluated in blood and follicular fluid samples. Demographic and treatment data, as well as pregnancy rates were collected from electronic medical records. Higher levels of LDL and CRP, slower
Malpani Infertility Clinic is one of the best IVF Clinic in India for Infertility Treatment. This ivf clinic in mumbai has highest pregnancy rate.
In young healthy women with low AMH levels, the chances of conception are similar to those with normal AMH levels. Patients with high AMH levels have a 40% reduced chance of conceiving even when their periods are regular.
Teen pregnancy rates have fallen nearly 50 percent among Hispanic and black teens, and overall teen birth rate has dropped more than 40 percent in the past 10 years
MIDDLESBROUGH has the highest teen pregnancy rates in the North-east yet today we reveal that a service dedicated to sexual health advice for youngsters in Stockton, where figures have fallen, is facing the axe.
IVF success rates/IVF pregnancy rates. All about IVF success rates by age and infertility diagnoses. Learn how to interpret IVF success rates to choose the right IVF center.
To investigate the effects of short-term low-dose aspirin and/or steroid make use of about implantation and pregnancy rates in non-selected intracytoplasmic sperm shot (ICSI) cycles. only or concomitant as a typical treatment havent any results on implantation and/or being pregnant prices. reported that administration of aspirin an anti-aggregant agent in cryopreserved cycles of individuals with impaired uterine perfusion (high pulsatility index) improved the IVF results by raising the being pregnant rates (2). They claimed that improved outcomes were a result of increased uterine perfusion (2). Likewise Sher reported that concomitant use of aspirin and heparin in IVF patients with positive anti-phospholipid antibodies increased pregnancy rates (3). In addition concomitant administration of aspirin and prednisolone a steroid in IVF patients with positive auto-antibodies resulted in favorable outcomes (4). However the administration of corticosteroids in nonselective IVF patients is ...
Every couple of years I check in with the website of my old IVF clinic, Sims IVF, Dublin, to see if their success rates page has become any less meaningless over the years. Alas, no: in 2018, they are still only publishing biochemical and clinical pregnancy rates. I would find this laughable if it werent…
When the blastocyst has settled (implanted) in the uterus, the developing placenta (trophoblast) produces a hormone called b-human chorionic gonadotrophin (b-hCG). This hormone is detectable in the blood 10 days after the embryo transfer and in the urine of the pregnant woman some days later (pharmacy pregnancy test kit).The test requires a blood sample and the result is obtained three hours later. If the test is positive it is repeated after 2 days.The multiplication of the initial value indicates normal progression of pregnancy, which is termed biochemical at this stage (as it is only demonstrated by the biochemical detection of hCG).. See more: Pregnancy rates at Eugonia. Pregnancy rates in Europe. ...
Question - Unprotected sex, had consumed postinor 2 after intercourse. Pregnancy chances? . Ask a Doctor about uses, dosages and side-effects of Levonorgestrel, Ask an OBGYN, Gynecologic Oncology
Question - Irregular periods. Negative HCG test. Abdominal scan shows no fetal pole. Pregnancy chances? , Ask an OBGYN, Maternal and Fetal Medicine
Service of Reproductive MedicineWe seek to offer a responsive and reliable approach to fertility problems, which is essential before any treatment. We work to increase the possibility of pregnancy in our patients based on an individualised approach to assisted reproduction techniques and treatments, including low- and high-complexity procedures.We conduct research that focuses on reducing the complications associated with these techniques, such as ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome or multiple pregnancy rates.
How fast does clomid typically work - How fast does Clomid (clomiphene) typically work? 3-to-6 cycles. Many factors besides fertility medication go into achieving a succesful pregnancy. In appropriately selected couples, meaning normal semen parameters and healthy fallopian tubes at a minimum, cumulative pregnancy rates with Clomiphene are 85% in 3 cycles and around 95% in 6 cycles.
van der Steeg JW, Steures P, Eijkemans MJ, Habbema JD, Hompes PG, Michgelsen HW, et al. Predictive value of pregnancy history in subfertile couples: results from a nationwide cohort study in the Netherlands. Fertil Steril 2008;90(3):521-7. (PMID 17980877). [Please contact the library and we will be happy to request a copy of this article for you.]. Alvarez C, Marti-Bonmati L, Novella-Maestre E, Sanz R, Gomez R, Fernandez-Sanchez M, et al. Dopamine agonist cabergoline reduces hemoconcentration and ascites in hyperstimulated women undergoing assisted reproduction. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2007;92(8):2931-7. (PMID 17456571). Hardarson T, Hanson C, Lundin K, Hillensjo T, Nilsson L, Stevic J, et al. Preimplantation genetic screening in women of advanced maternal age caused a decrease in clinical pregnancy rate: a randomized controlled trial. Hum Reprod 2008;23(12):2806-12. (PMID 18583331). [Please contact the library and we will be happy to request a copy of this article for you.]. Kim HG, Bhagavath ...
CANTON, Ohio - High school senior Monica Selby thought she would be busy this year planning for college, not preparing for the birth of her first child.
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IVF Success Rate Definition - An IVF success rate is the percentage chance a woman will become pregnant through in vitro fertilization (IVF). IVF...
My clinic actually makes baby aspirin part of my medicinal protocol. I am too using a donor, and am awaiting my testing day on the 16th from my FET w/ assisted hatching from the 3rd. This is my second attempt, as my fresh embryo transfer on June 26th failed. Baby aspirin is supposed to increase blood flow. Hope this helps ...
From 1 May 1984 to 30 April 1985, 177 laparoscopies were performed; 684 oocytes were obtained and a fertilization rate of 85% per oocyte achieved. There was a pregnancy rate of 24,3% per embryo transfer (ET) and 20,9% per ...
Hello all has anyone had success on there 4th ivf attempt after 3 failures.. im having my 4th fresh attempt in july/aug... and would like some happy stories to make me feel more positive..
Zygula A, Szymusik I, Grzechocinska B, Marianowski P, Wielgos M. Endometrial injury for women with previous in vitro fertilization failure - does it improve pregnancy rate? Neuro Endocrinol Lett. 2016 Nov; 37(6): 419-426 ...
Pregnancy rates were assessed in suckled beef cows (n=145) and virgin beef heifers (n=606) of mixed breeding following an injection of either 100 or 200 μg of a GnRH agonist given once on d 11-14 after estrus and insemination ...
IVF success and implantation depends on many factors. The factors may be adversely affected during IVF treatment due to high level of steroid hormones.
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of a PGF2α-analogue (PGF) on ovulation and pregnancy rates after timed artificial insemination (TAI) in ...
Our IVF programs and Gender selectation- We believe in delivering the quality options and level of service we would expect ourselves. All our packages are comprehensive
Good evening friends! The time has come. 6 months of talking and planning has all come down to this moment. Yesterday, marked the start of our first IVF cycle. I had lab work done and everything came back normal which is great. Hubby had to have genetic testing done today. I am a carrier for…
A female age 30 years suffering with SLE is having this type of lesions in the mouth. What can be the reason and treatment for this.
We encourage patients to examine our IVF success rates. Once potential patients have looked at the statistics that are relevant to their type.
... is the success rate for getting pregnant. It is the percentage of all attempts that leads to pregnancy, with ... Live birth rate is the percentage of all cycles that lead to live birth, and is the pregnancy rate adjusted for miscarriages ... In terms of outcome, "pregnancy" may refer to a positive pregnancy test, evidence of a pregnancy with a "viable" fetus or ... where older men have decreased pregnancy rates. The time with the highest likelihood of pregnancy resulting from sexual ...
The disease can recur in future pregnancies, with a calculated genetic chance of 25%; the actual rate is lower, however. ... Acute fatty liver of pregnancy (or hepatic lipidosis of pregnancy) usually manifests in the third trimester of pregnancy, but ... Acute fatty liver of pregnancy is a rare condition and occurs in approximately one in 7,000 to one in 15,000 pregnancies. The ... Acute fatty liver of pregnancy is a rare life-threatening complication of pregnancy that occurs in the third trimester or the ...
British Pregnancy Advisory Service Sedgh, Gilda (2015). "Adolescent Pregnancy, Birth, and Abortion Rates Across Countries: ... the only other Western countries with higher teenage pregnancy rates are the United States and New Zealand. The rate of teenage ... unlike pregnancy statistics in other countries. Using pregnancy statistics by age of girl at the outcome of her pregnancy ... The abortion rate in England and Wales in 2015 was 9.9 per 1,000 women under 18, down from 17.8 in 2005. High teenage pregnancy ...
This unintended pregnancy rate is higher than the total teenage pregnancy rate in all of the four countries. In 2010 there was ... Teen pregnancy is defined as pregnancies in girls under the age of 20, regardless of marital status. Teen pregnancy rates have ... The pregnancy rate among black teens decreased 48% between 1990 and 2008, more than the overall U.S. teen pregnancy rate ... Teenage birth rates, as opposed to pregnancies, peaked in 1991, when there were 61.8 births per 1,000 teens, and the rate ...
Rape-pregnancy rates are crucial in evaluating these theories, because a high or low pregnancy rate from rape would determine ... "Are per-incident rape-pregnancy rates higher than per-incident consensual pregnancy rates?". Human Nature. 14 (1): 1-20. doi: ... A 1996 study of 44 cases of rape-related pregnancy estimated that in the United States, the pregnancy rate is 5.0% per rape ... pregnancy rate from rape among 18- to 24-year-old college students in the US. A 2005 study placed the rape-related pregnancy ...
... typically those pregnancies are viable although a high rate of miscarriage has been reported. A pregnancy located next to the ... An interstitial pregnancy is a uterine but ectopic pregnancy; the pregnancy is located outside the uterine cavity in that part ... Interstitial pregnancies account for 2-4% of all tubal pregnancies, or for 1 in 2,500 to 5,000 live births. About one in fifty ... When a new pregnancy is diagnosed it is important to monitor the pregnancy by transvaginal sonography to assure that is it ...
The rate of pregnancy, as well as the ages at which it occurs, differ by country and region. It is influenced by a number of ... Couvade syndrome Cryptic pregnancy False pregnancy Simulated pregnancy "What are some common signs of pregnancy?". Eunice ... Globally, 44% of pregnancies are unplanned. Over half (56%) of unplanned pregnancies are aborted. Among unintended pregnancies ... "Pregnancy Symptoms - Early Signs of Pregnancy : American Pregnancy Association". Archived from the original on 15 January 2008 ...
... as the respiratory rate does not change during pregnancy. As a result, carbon dioxide levels in the blood decrease and the pH ... Nausea and vomiting of pregnancy, commonly known as "morning sickness", is one of the most common GI symptoms of pregnancy. It ... "Pregnancy Mortality Surveillance System , Pregnancy , Reproductive Health , CDC". www.cdc.gov. 9 November 2017. Retrieved 3 ... Maternal physiological changes in pregnancy are the adaptations that take place during pregnancy that enable the accommodation ...
... the global rate of unintended pregnancies was estimated to be 40 percent, or eighty-five million pregnancies. Pregnancy options ... Pregnancy options counseling centers differ from crisis pregnancy centers. One option that a woman with an unplanned pregnancy ... Women seeking pregnancy options counseling are typically doing so in the case of an unplanned or unintended pregnancy. Limited ... "Options Counseling for Pregnancy". www.contracept.org. Retrieved 2017-03-27. "Pregnancy Options , What To Do If You're Pregnant ...
Oncken C, Kranzler H, O'Malley P, Gendreau P, Campbell WA (May 2002). "The effect of cigarette smoking on fetal heart rate ... Infographic] 12 Do's and Don'ts of Pregnancy". Pregnancy Savvy. Retrieved 25 August 2016. "Smoking During Pregnancy". Center of ... more likely to smoke during pregnancy than those whose pregnancies were intended. Smoking during pregnancy can lead to a ... There is limited evidence that smoking reduces the incidence of pregnancy-induced hypertension, but not when the pregnancy is ...
The survival rate of the uterine fetus of a heterotopic pregnancy is around 70%. A persistent ectopic pregnancy refers to the ... The true nature of the pregnancy can be an ongoing viable intrauterine pregnancy, a failed pregnancy, an ectopic pregnancy or ... Pregnancy of unknown location (PUL) is the term used for a pregnancy where there is a positive pregnancy test but no pregnancy ... There is no evidence that massage improves fertility after ectopic pregnancy. The rate of ectopic pregnancy is about 1% and 2% ...
In the United States, hypertensive disease of pregnancy affects about 8% to 13% of pregnancies. Rates have increased in the ... diagnosed early in pregnancy, or persists significantly after the end of pregnancy. It affects about 5% of all pregnancies and ... "Pregnancy Complications , Pregnancy , Maternal and Infant Health , CDC". www.cdc.gov. Retrieved 2017-11-09. This article ... transient hypertension of pregnancy or chronic hypertension identified in the latter half of pregnancy). This terminology is ...
Worldwide, the unintended pregnancy rate is approximately 45% of all pregnancies, but rates of unintended pregnancy vary in ... The unintended pregnancy rate among teens has been declining in the US. Between 2008 and 2011, the unintended pregnancy rate ... Unintended pregnancies may be unwanted pregnancies or mistimed pregnancies. While unintended pregnancies are the main reason ... rates were between 40 and 65 unintended pregnancies per 1,000 women. The state with the highest rate of unintended pregnancies ...
The Latina teenage pregnancy rate is 75% higher pregnancy rate than the national average. The latest data from the US shows ... In reporting teenage pregnancy rates, the number of pregnancies per 1,000 females aged 15 to 19 when the pregnancy ends is ... The teen pregnancy rate in England and Wales was 23.3 per 1,000 women aged 15 to 17. There were 5,740 pregnancies in girls aged ... The rates of early marriage and pregnancy in some Asian countries are high. In recent years, the rates have decreased sharply ...
And Zimbabwe's maternal mortality rate is three times higher than South Africa. One abortion-rights group active in Zimbabwe is ... in what would become the Termination of Pregnancy Act. The Termination of Pregnancy Act (No. 29 of 1977), which took effect on ... The Termination of Pregnancy Act is a law in Zimbabwe governing abortion. Enacted in 1977 by the Parliament of Rhodesia and ... The Termination of Pregnancy Act set the fine at Z$5,000. However, Zimbabwe no longer uses the Zimbabwean dollar. Under section ...
The maternal mortality rate is estimated to be about 5 per 1,000 cases, about seven times the rate for ectopics in general, and ... Because pregnancy is outside the uterus, abdominal pregnancy serves as a model of human male pregnancy or for females who lack ... giving rise to a hepatic pregnancy or splenic pregnancy, respectively. Even an early diaphragmatic pregnancy has been described ... An abdominal pregnancy is a rare type of ectopic pregnancy where the embryo or fetus is growing and developing outside the womb ...
The rate in 1940 of one occurrence for approximately every 250 pregnancies had dropped by 2007 to between one and six ... physical signs of pregnancy are not present in delusional pregnancy, while false pregnancy includes symptoms of true pregnancy ... Delusional pregnancy is typically used when there are no physical signs of pregnancy, but false pregnancy can also be ... Examination, ultrasound, and pregnancy tests can be used to rule out false pregnancy. False pregnancy has a prominent ...
... and Caesarean section rates, etc. The incidence is approximately 7%. Postterm pregnancy occurs in 0.4% of pregnancies ... When it is used correctly, it can quickly measure the fetal heart rate. The baseline of fetal heart rate is typically between ... These terms describe the neonatal condition that may be caused by postterm pregnancy instead of the duration of pregnancy. ... Postterm pregnancy is when a woman has not yet delivered her baby after 42 weeks of gestation, two weeks beyond the typical 40- ...
Estimates of rape-related pregnancy rates may be low since the crime is under-reported, so some pregnancies from rape are not ... A 1987 study also found a 5% pregnancy rate from rape of 18- to 24-year-old higher education students in the US. A 2005 study ... That study revealed a pregnancy rate among women aged 12-45 of 5% of rapes and 6% of victims. ... Salon said, "If you believe pregnancy from rape and pregnancy from sex out of marriage are 'similar', then you implicitly ...
Systemic lupus erythematosus and pregnancy confers an increased rate of fetal death in utero and spontaneous abortion ( ... "Cancer during pregnancy". Merck Manual Home Health Handbook. Merck Sharp & Dohme. Merck. "High blood pressure during pregnancy ... A pre-existing disease in pregnancy is a disease that is not directly caused by the pregnancy, in contrast to various ... The effects of depression during pregnancy are difficult to parse from depression before pregnancy as the symptoms of the two ...
... and rates of teenage pregnancy. Other issues come with living in rural areas in Australia including; high rates of teenage ... leading to a higher rate of unplanned and unwanted pregnancies, however this rate is much higher in teenagers. Whilst the ... In Australia in 1995 there were 43.6 pregnancies per 1000 young women aged 15-19 years, and this rate had been stable for the ... In addition, Australia has one of the highest abortion rates in this age group, with the proportion of pregnancies ending in ...
Lupus causes an increased rate of fetal death in utero and spontaneous abortion (miscarriage). The overall live-birth rate in ... 1] (Health issues in pregnancy, Pathology of pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium). ... Pregnancy outcome appears to be worse in those with lupus whose disease flares up during pregnancy. Miscarriages in the first ... and azotemia have an extra increased risk for pregnancy complications. Pregnancy outcomes in women with lupus who receive ...
"U.S. teen pregnancy rates at an all-time low across all ethnicities". Cbsnews.com. Retrieved 2017-09-09. "Simpson Academy ... "The relationship between education and teen pregnancy works both ways. That is, teen pregnancy often has a negative impact on ... Pregnancy school is a type of school in the United States exclusively for pregnant girls. New York City, among other cities and ... Pregnancy schools also exist in places such as Chicago, Los Angeles, Utah, and Florida, although attendance has been declining ...
"Relative contributions of anovulation and luteal phase defect to the reduced pregnancy rate of breastfeeding women". Fertil ... such as an ectopic pregnancy. If conception is defined as at implantation, ectopic pregnancies could not be called pregnancies ... Defining pregnancy as beginning at implantation thus makes pregnancy a condition that can be easily tested.[citation needed] ... or pregnancy prevention are not agreed upon. Traditionally, doctors have measured pregnancy from a number of convenient points ...
Clustering of cases of ICP in families, geographic variation in rates of ICP, and recurrence of ICP in 45-70% of subsequent ... Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP), also known as obstetric cholestasis, cholestasis of pregnancy, jaundice of ... July 1989). "Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy in twin pregnancies". Journal of Hepatology. 9 (1): 84-90. doi:10.1016/0168- ... Maternal disorders predominantly related to pregnancy, Hepatology, Pregnancy-related cutaneous conditions). ...
The presence of fetal heart rate largely determines whether the pregnancy will progress to a viable outcome. Ectopic pregnancy ... Pregnancy loss refers to death of the fetus at any time during pregnancy. Pregnancy loss most commonly occurs during the first ... Common causes of early pregnancy bleeding include ectopic pregnancy, threatened miscarriage, and pregnancy loss. Most ... if the pregnancy was previously seen on imaging) or a pregnancy of unknown location (if the pregnancy was not previously seen ...
The outcome was favorable in a majority of the cases, but the infant death rate was 27%. A review suggested that COVID-19 ... an additional 7 million unintended pregnancies are expected to occur by UNFPA. The number of unintended pregnancies will ... In April 2020, a 27-year old pregnant woman at 30 weeks of pregnancy died in Iran; her death may have been caused by COVID-19. ... Liu D, Li L, Wu X, Zheng D, Wang J, Yang L, Zheng C (July 2020). "Pregnancy and Perinatal Outcomes of Women With Coronavirus ...
In these cases, embryos with the highest survival rate are those whose mothers display the preferred phenotype. Syngnathidae is ... Virgil Wong, a performance artist, created a hoax site featuring a fictitious male pregnancy, claiming to detail the pregnancy ... The theoretical issue of male ectopic pregnancy (pregnancy outside the uterine cavity) by surgical implantation has been ... Male pregnancy is the incubation of one or more embryos or fetuses by organisms of the male sex in some species. Most species ...
In comparison, the rate of caesarean section for all pregnancies in the general population varies between 14% and 40%. In twins ... North America and Europe have intermediate rates of 9 to 16 twin sets per 1,000 live births. Multiple pregnancies are much less ... About 1 in 90 human births (1.1%) results from a twin pregnancy. The rate of dizygotic twinning varies greatly among ethnic ... Occasionally, a woman will suffer a miscarriage early in pregnancy, yet the pregnancy will continue; one twin was miscarried ...
"Disparities in rates and trends of HIV/AIDS during pregnancy across the decade, 1998-2007". Journal of Acquired Immune ... the mother was not taking antiretroviral drugs in the pre-pregnancy period or during pregnancy, the mother had not achieved ... HIV in pregnancy is the presence of an HIV/AIDS infection in a woman while she is pregnant. There is a risk of HIV transmission ... Pharmacokinetic and Toxicity Data in Human Pregnancy and Recommendations for Use in Pregnancy , ClinicalInfo". Clinical Info ...
Petersburg, Novoye Vremya (New Times), owned and edited by the millionaire magnate Alexey Suvorin, who paid a rate per line ... 556-557Rayfield also tentatively suggests, drawing on obstetric clues, that Olga suffered an ectopic pregnancy rather than a ...
The rates of new cases in the United States was 7.3 per 100,000 women, based on rates from 2012 to 2016. Cervical cancer deaths ... It is the most frequently detected cancer during pregnancy, with an occurrence of 1.5 to 12 for every 100,000 pregnancies. ... Survival rates decrease to 58% for women with stage III cancer and 17% or fewer of those with stage IV cancer five years after ... Five-year survival rates in the United States are 68%. Outcomes, however, depend very much on how early the cancer is detected ...
This situation results in black women having the highest rate of unintended pregnancies-in 2001, almost 10% of black women who ... which was more than twice the rate of unintended pregnancies among white women. Poverty contributes to these statistics, ... In the US in the 21st century, black women are most likely to be at risk for unintended pregnancies: 84% of black women of ... According to Hinton black men are imprisoned at a rate of 1 in 11. This topic is also explored in Michelle Alexander's The New ...
... pregnancy as well as the ability to see and determine features like the sex of the fetus affect the way in which pregnancy is ... The rate of miscarriage, especially threatened miscarriage, drops significantly after normal heartbeat is detected, and after ... Performing an ultrasound at this early stage of pregnancy can more accurately confirm the timing of the pregnancy, and can also ... One randomized controlled trial, however, came to the result of a higher perinatal death rate of normally formed infants born ...
The Coliseum Gardens housing complex in Oakland, California, for example, had previously had the fourth highest homicide rate ... After three years, there were major documented reductions in crime, drug dealing, teenage pregnancy, child abuse, child neglect ... of such a complex in the US, but after HR classes were launched, the homicide rate began to decline. Gang warfare and ethnic ...
Sharing a placenta increases the risk for infection, and infection in pregnancy has been shown to be a risk factor for ... There is weak evidence that monozygotic twins sharing a placenta have a higher concordance rate for schizophrenia than ...
In 2010, when the same study was repeated, conservatives' trust rates had decreased from 49% to 38%, moderates' trust rates ... Pregnancy interruption as a risk factor in tumor incidence". Am J Pathol. 100 (2): 505-506. PMC 1903536. PMID 6773421. "In ... The General Social Survey (GSS) of 1974 recorded that conservatives had the highest rates of trust in science between the three ... from 45% to 40%, and liberals' trust rates staying relatively stable, rising slightly from 48% to 50%. The study by Gordon ...
The Pregnancy Discrimination Act was added as an amendment and protects women if they are pregnant or have a pregnancy-related ... Rate each answer rather than making an overall evaluation at the end of the interview Use anchored rating scales (for an ... Discrimination against pregnant applicants is illegal under the Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978, which views pregnancy as ... Thus, while narcissists may seem to perform better and even be rated as performing better in interviews, these more favorable ...
However, the mortality rate still exceeds 50%. Most causes of death are because of the presence of associated anomalies and ... a theory was raised that vitamin A deficiency during pregnancy may cause pulmonary agenesis. Some authors have suggested ... Bilateral pulmonary agenesis is lethal, while the mortality rate of unilateral pulmonary agenesis is higher than 50%. Depending ... and also because cases with right-sided lung disorders have shown higher association rates with other anomalies. In fact, it ...
After Live +3 DVR ratings, the episode tied for the twenty-fifth spot in Adults 18-49, finishing with a 1.1 rating among adults ... Paige accuses Emily of being Alison's "puppet," though she did not know about the hookup or the pregnancy. Hanna is shocked ... Values from this episode had a notorious increase from the previous episode, "The Wrath of Kahn." This episode is rated TV-14. ... and garnered a 0.7 rating in the 18-49 demographic, according to Nielsen Media Research. ...
High fertility rates cause high birthrates, which contribute to the high fetal mortality rate. Afghanistan has the highest ... Women are able to get an abortion when their life is endangered by the pregnancy, or if the baby will be born with severe ... "Fertility rate drops in Afghanistan, but will it continue?". USA Today. USA Today. Retrieved 13 May 2018. "Abortion in ... In rural areas the mortality rate still remains high, but aid workers are being sent to many regions of the country after ...
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth. 11: 84. doi:10.1186/1471-2393-11-84. PMC 3224350. PMID 22032440. "Rates for total cesarean ... Mortality rates resulting from some infections may be high, for example the overall perinatal mortality rate associated with ... The WHO recommends a C section rate of between 10 to 15 percent because C sections rates higher than 10 percent are not ... However, since that time the rates of every country have steadily continued to improve while the US rate has spiked ...
... was rated one of the best in the country at saving these high-risk babies. It achieved a 98.6 percent survival rate overall for ... capable of serving neonates born as early as 23 weeks into pregnancy. The hospital has extensive outpatient and inpatient ...
Her father's will bequeathed her a dowry of £1000, payable at the rate of 500 marks a year for three years. It was a generous ... She gave birth in the palace after concealing both the long affair and her entire pregnancy. The betrayal of the Queen's trust ...
The absorption rate is likely to be significantly reduced if quazepam is taken in the fasted state reducing the hypnotic effect ... Benzodiazepines require special precaution if used in the during pregnancy, in children, alcohol or drug-dependent individuals ...
The death rate per 100,000 of prostitutes in the U.S. is nearly double that of Alaskan fishermen. Among voluntary substance ... "The Pill" helped prostitutes prevent pregnancy. In 1967, New York City eliminated license requirements for massage parlors. ... The move was successful and venereal disease rates fell from forty percent to just four percent due to a stringent program of ... Generally, male escorts command less on an hourly basis than women; white women quote higher rates than non-white women; and ...
Caimari F, Valassi E, Garbayo P, Steffensen C, Santos A, Corcoy R, Webb SM (February 2017). "Cushing's syndrome and pregnancy ... or a 24-hour urinary measurement for cortisol offers equal detection rates. Dexamethasone is a glucocorticoid and simulates the ... Lindsay JR, Jonklaas J, Oldfield EH, Nieman LK (May 2005). "Cushing's syndrome during pregnancy: personal experience and review ... although pregnancy is extremely rare during the course of Cushing's Syndrome In March 2020, Isturisa (osilodrostat) oral ...
Over the ensuing 100 years case fatality rates were 30%-80%. In 2015, there was an abrupt rise in Sonora cases with 80 fatal ... It works best when started early and is recommended in all age groups, as well as during pregnancy. Antibiotics are not ... Chloramphenicol is an alternative drug that can be used to treat Rocky Mountain spotted fever, specifically in pregnancy. ... and for some years after it was used by people in that region to convert the illness from one with high fatality rate (albeit ...
While the tuberculosis rate is decreasing in the rest of the world, it is increasing by rate of 6 percent per year in Sub- ... After the first pregnancy, HIV can also decrease the immunity to malaria. This contributes to the increase of the vulnerability ... The hospitalization rate is 220 percent higher and the death rate is 190 percent higher. Among Hispanics, Puerto Ricans are ... Being infected with HIV increases the rate of activation of latent TB infections, and having TB, increases the rate of HIV ...
hermesauto (2019-03-15). "Taiwanese actress Ady An announces pregnancy on social media". The Straits Times. Retrieved 2020-06- ... which became the second highest rated Taiwanese idol television drama to date. In 2011, An was paired up with Du Chun in Fight ...
That is to say, patients that have a disease that is more connected in the network face higher mortality rates that those ... many infectious diseases or pregnancy related conditions did not appear in the data at all. Comorbidity measures are used to ...
Spinetta wrote the song after she told him that she had doubts about continuing with pregnancy, which she eventually carried on ... tagging and previews at Last.fm Artaud at Rate Your Music (CS1 Spanish-language sources (es), CS1 maint: others in cite AV ... Instead, he was inspired by the pregnancy of his former girlfriend, Cristina Bustamante. He had "sealed the relationship" with ...
Yildiz, Mustafa; Oral, Baha (2006-06-01). "The effect of pregnancy and lactation on bone mineral density in fluoride-exposed ... This mechanism helps decelerate the rate of teeth demineralization. The daily use of fluoride-containing toothpaste is ... While an appropriate amount of fluoride consumption during pregnancy is beneficial to prevent early childhood caries (ECC), ...
The show is rated PG in New Zealand for its low level violence. Television portal Downton Abbey The Duchess of Duke Street The ... James and Sarah later have an affair that results in Sarah's pregnancy. James is banished to India, while Sarah is sent to the ... Southwold estate for the duration of her pregnancy. Around 1905, daughter Elizabeth returns from Germany to be prepared to be ...
Nationally the rate has risen from one in 85 to one in 70, the rise having been driven by the secondary school increase. ... "Covid: UK coronavirus cases pass 10 million and vaccines safe in pregnancy". BBC News. 25 November 2021. Retrieved 27 November ... "COVID-19: Infection rates rise across most of UK - but 'possible signs' of slowing in England". Sky News. Retrieved 4 August ... The Bank of England announces no change in the interest rate, but signals there may be a raise in the coming months in order to ...
Beta blockers: To block the effects of certain hormones on the heart to slow the heart rate. Calcium Channel Blockers: Help ... pregnancy, hyperthyroidism Renal failure Embolism: pulmonary Darth Vader Death Arrythmia Rupture(free ventricular wall/ ... Helps slow the heart rate by blocking the number of electrical impulses that pass through the AV node into the lower heart ... 30 Anti-coagulate Beta-block to control rate Cardiovert Digoxin 3 D's:p. 30 Diminished heart sounds Distended jugular veins ...
Gale rated the first novel four stars out of five, saying "though pure entertainment, [it] underlines SF's role in providing ... during that time she begins a relationship with the Rat that ends with them marrying in the last trimester of her pregnancy. ...
... the film holds an approval rating of 74%, based on 19 reviews, with a weighted average rating of 6.3/10. Brown, Todd. "Dream ... Hong Kong pregnancy films, Hong Kong slasher films, Hong Kong splatter films, Patricide in fiction, Period horror films, Works ... Film Business Asia gave the film a six out of ten rating, writing that the film "starts with a brilliant idea and has some ... Time Out Group gave the film a three out of six rating, opining that it is "rendered with tremendous style but with little ...
610 The rate of racemization (from L-forms to a mixture of L-forms and D-forms) has been used as a way of dating biological ... causing birth defects when taken in the first trimester of pregnancy. If only one enantiomer is administered to a human subject ... samples in tissues with slow rates of turnover, forensic samples, and fossils in geological deposits. This technique is known ...
The movie scored a 2.8 household rating with 2.4 million homes, over 3 million total viewers and more than 4.2 million ... However, Donna experiences heartburn and takes one last pregnancy test and finds out that against all odds she is pregnant. ...
Comparison of pregnancy and implantation rates in zygote intrafallopian transfer and uterine embryo transfer for nontubal ... We carried out a prospective randomized trial on 220 couples with nontubal factor infertility to compare pregnancy rates and ... implantation rates after zygote intrafallopian transfer [‎ZIFT]‎ and uterine embryo transfer [‎UET]‎. ... ...
... pregnancy rates remain highest for women in their twenties.. The report, "Trends in Pregnancy Rates for the United States, 1976 ... The teen pregnancy rate fell 19 percent from its all-time high in 1991 to reach a record low of 94.3 pregnancies per 1,000 ... The teen pregnancy rate had risen from the mid-1980s and reached a peak in 1991; the 1997 rate is actually 10 percent lower ... The pregnancy rate in 1997 was 103.7 pregnancies per 1,000 women aged 15-44 years, 10 percent lower than in 1990 and the lowest ...
... pregnancy rate - Featured Topics from the National Center for Health Statistics ... The 2005 pregnancy rate of 103.2 pregnancies per 1,000 women aged 15-44 years is 11 percent below the 1990 peak of 115.8. The ... Pregnancy rates decrease in United States. In 2005, an estimated 6,408,000 pregnancies resulted in 4.14 million live births, ... teenage pregnancy rate dropped 40 percent from 1990 to 2005, reaching Read More , ...
Comparison of pregnancy and implantation rates in zygote intrafallopian transfer and uterine embryo transfer for nontubal ... We carried out a prospective randomized trial on 220 couples with nontubal factor infertility to compare pregnancy rates and ... implantation rates after zygote intrafallopian transfer [‎ZIFT]‎ and uterine embryo transfer [‎UET]‎. ... ...
Surveillance for Pregnancy and Birth Rates Among Teenagers, by State -- United States, 1980 and 1990 ... the pregnancy or abortion rate can change the overall birth rate in any state. Rates of Pregnancy, Abortion, and Birth by Race/ ... and birth rates were more consistent; the pregnancy rate declined by 23% and the abortion rate decreased by 34%. The birth rate ... Number of pregnancies and pregnancy rates for 15- to 19-year-olds. Number of abortions and abortion rates for 15- to 19-year- ...
... the rate jumped to 14.6. And in 2006, the last year for which data is available, the rate stood at 16.9. The national rate was ... Pregnancy-related death rate on the rise. HEALTH States dramatic rise coincides with C-section increase, task force says. ... The mortality rate of California women who die from causes directly related to pregnancy has nearly tripled in the past decade ... The California rate was 6.7 in 1998 and 7.7 in 1999.. Because the number of mothers who die is small, the rate tends to ...
Increased use of birth control and less sex have resulted in the lowest teen pregnancy rates since the United States government ... Contraception Results in Lowest Teen Pregnancy Rate. Feminist Majority Foundation Blog , May 1, 1998 ... Birth rates for Hispanic teens dropped from 10.7 percent in 1995 to 10.2 percent in 1996. In 1995, 3.9 percent of non-Hispanic ... In 1996, 9.2 percent of African-American teenage girls gave birth, falling dramatically from a birth rate of 30.2% in 1991. U.S ...
While the unintended pregnancy rate fell worldwide from 1990-1994 to 2010-2014, it dropped less sharply in developing regions ( ... Rates of unintended pregnancy have decreased globally since 1990, according to a new study published today in The Lancet Global ... Rates of unintended pregnancy have decreased globally since 1990, according to a new study published today in The Lancet Global ... While the unintended pregnancy rate fell worldwide from 1990-1994 to 2010-2014, it dropped less sharply in developing regions ( ...
They found that pregnancy rates after 12 months were higher in women treated for uterine septum than in women with unexplained ... Minimally invasive surgery to correct an abnormality in the uterus called a uterine septum improves pregnancy rates in women ... The live birth rate was also significantly higher in the treated group (34.1%) than in the group without uterine malformations ... a small uterine septum may negatively affect the multifaceted mechanisms of implantation and reduce the chances of pregnancy," ...
... see a drop by up to half in the rates of unintended pregnancy and the rates of abortion. And in fact in the real world were ... Morning After Pill Expert Admits It Doesnt Reduce Pregnancy or Abortion Rates. National , Steven Ertelt , Dec 6, 2005 , 9:00AM ... Morning After Pill Expert Admits It Doesnt Reduce Pregnancy or Abortion Rates ... Moore indicated she doesnt see across the board increases in pregnancy or abortion rates either and added that where we see ...
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Pediatricians could help lower rate of unplanned pregnancies. Two Stanford physicians would like to expand role of ... Unplanned pregnancy in and of itself is associated with poor birth outcomes, Trope said, but risks increase when pregnancies ... According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, half of pregnancies in the U.S. and nearly all teen pregnancies are ... "Since unintended pregnancy is still such a huge problem in this country, if we want to make a dent in it, we need to think of ...
A 73 percent higher pregnancy rate Fifty-two percent of the embryo transfers performed after embryos were frozen led to ongoing ... But physicians have been unsure whether transferring frozen embryos changed pregnancy rates. Until now, only small studies have ... Elective freezing of IVF embryos linked to higher pregnancy rates in some cases ... Stanford Medicine News 2017 07 Freezing embryos linked to more IVF pregnancies Story ...
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We recently tabulated our January - June 2013 IVF success rates and they are amazing! ... Theres been a dramatic increase in pregnancy rates with IVF at RSC. ... Frozen embryo transfer pregnancy rates approach fresh IVF cycle success rates and continue to get better since we are now using ... Achieving The Highest Pregnancy Rates With IVF, What It Takes. By Dr. Louis Weckstein on August 23, 2013. Over the past few of ...
The pregnancy and implantation rates were significantly higher in the ZIFT group (42.1% and 11.7%) than in the UET group (21.0 ... We carried out a prospective randomized trial on 220 couples with nontubal factor infertility to compare pregnancy rates and ... implantation rates after zygote intrafallopian transfer (ZIFT) and uterine embryo transfer (UET). The zygote was transferred by ... tubal transfer improved the pregnancy rate. They reported clinical pregnancy rate of 68% and ongoing pregnancy rate of 58% per ...
Maternal rectal temperature and fetal heart rate responses to upright cycling in late pregnancy. ... Maternal rectal temperature and fetal heart rate responses to upright cycling in late pregnancy. ... Maternal rectal temperature and fetal heart rate responses to upright cycling in late pregnancy. ...
Effect of endometrial injury on in vitro fertilization pregnancy rates: a randomized, multicentre study. ... Effect of endometrial injury on in vitro fertilization pregnancy rates: a randomized, multicentre study ...
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... the rate among women who fall below the federal poverty line has climbed. ... A new study from the Guttmacher Institute reports that as the rate of unintended pregnancies continues to decrease among ... Poor womens high rate of unintended pregnancy results in their also having high-and increasing-rates of both abortions (52 per ... poor women had an unintended pregnancy rate five times that of higher-income women, and an unintended birth rate six times as ...
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  • There remains a marked difference in pregnancy outcomes based on marital status. (cdc.gov)
  • Global, Regional, and Subregional Trends in Unintended Pregnancy and Its Outcomes from 1990 to 2014 ," by Guttmacher Institute researcher Jonathan Bearak and colleagues, highlights the incidence of unintended pregnancies in all world regions, using an updated methodology and a broader evidence base than past studies to examine changes over time. (guttmacher.org)
  • Global, Regional, and Subregional Trends in Unintended Pregnancy and Its Outcomes from 1990 to 2014: Estimates from a Bayesian Hierarchical Model ," by Jonathan Bearak , Anna Popinchalk , Leontine Alkema and Gilda Sedgh , is available online in The Lancet Global Health . (guttmacher.org)
  • Unplanned pregnancy in and of itself is associated with poor birth outcomes, Trope said, but risks increase when pregnancies are spaced less than 18 months apart. (stanford.edu)
  • This leads many couples to turn to assisted reproductive techniques in order to increase their pregnancy outcomes. (familyeducation.com)
  • However, it is also important to examine total rates of pregnancy and other pregnancy outcomes (abortion and fetal loss) to provide a comprehensive picture of current reproductive trends. (cdc.gov)
  • Data on pregnancy outcomes by age and race and Hispanic origin are presented. (cdc.gov)
  • While pregnancy estimates are constrained by the availability of data for all three outcomes, births comprise the majority (almost two-thirds) of all pregnancy outcomes, and birth rates continued to drop during 2011-2013 ( 1 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Numbers and rates of these pregnancy outcomes are computed separately and added together to derive total pregnancy numbers and rates. (cdc.gov)
  • You can achieve equivalent delivery rates with single-embryo transfer, and in addition achieve better obstetrical outcomes because of the reduction in twins and a decrease in the risk of preterm delivery, low birthweight, and costly stays in the neonatal intensive care unit [NICU]," he explained. (medscape.com)
  • PGT-A did not improve overall pregnancy outcomes in all women, as analyzed per embryo transfer or per ITT. (nih.gov)
  • Dr. Oduyebo is also involved with the US Zika Pregnancy Registry, and provides technical assistance to support state, tribal, local and territorial health departments collecting information about pregnancy and infant outcomes following laboratory evidence of confirmed or possible Zika virus infection during pregnancy. (cdc.gov)
  • According to cluster analysis, the low birth weight and premature babies born to mothers who reported heightened depression symptoms during and after pregnancy had the worst motor outcomes. (news-medical.net)
  • Although the relationship between fetal death and maternal age during cholera has not been documented, younger age is associated with increased risk for other adverse pregnancy outcomes. (cdc.gov)
  • This provides important information on the safety of triptan use during pregnancy and the effects on neurobehavioral outcomes. (contemporaryobgyn.net)
  • Further, the rates of preterm birth in the two groups were almost identical, and the perinatal outcomes of post-date pregnancies, multiple gestations, and infants who were small for gestational age were similar. (healthy.net)
  • However, data related to adverse pregnancy outcomes associated with efavirenz-based ART are limited in the Indian scenario. (ijp-online.com)
  • The present study evaluated pregnancy outcomes in HIV-infected pregnant women who were given efavirenz-based ART during pregnancy. (ijp-online.com)
  • There was an association of exposure to efavirenz with an increased incidence of adverse pregnancy outcomes, especially LBW infants. (ijp-online.com)
  • Last year Uganda launched a renewed strategy on ending child marriage and teenage pregnancy 2021/22 - 2025/2026 which is geared towards reducing teenage pregnancy. (pmldaily.com)
  • They also urged the Ministry of Gender to operationalize the National Strategy on Ending Child Marriage and Teenage pregnancy 2021-2026 and ensure that its implementation country-wide is budgeted for. (pmldaily.com)
  • From the Census Bureau's American Community Survey we added 2021 uninsured rate. (247wallst.com)
  • The overall decline is attributable to both reduced rates of live births (down 13 percent) and abortions (down 32 percent). (cdc.gov)
  • The 6 million-plus pregnancies in 1997 in the U.S. resulted in 3.9 million births, 1.3 million induced abortions, and almost a million fetal deaths. (cdc.gov)
  • Among married women 74 percent of pregnancies ended as live births and only 7 percent in abortions. (cdc.gov)
  • Reporting Period Covered: This report summarizes and reviews surveillance data for pregnancies, abortions, and births among women ages 15-19, 15-17, and 18-19 years reported by CDC for 1980 and 1990. (cdc.gov)
  • Actions Taken: CDC will continue to conduct surveillance of and analyze data for pregnancies, abortions, and births among teenagers to monitor progress toward national goals and to assist in targeting program efforts for reducing teenage pregnancy. (cdc.gov)
  • These rates do not include estimates of spontaneous abortions or stillbirths, primarily because fetal losses are substantially underreported to state health departments. (cdc.gov)
  • Abortion rates were defined as the number of legal induced abortions per 1,000 women in those age and racial/ethnic groups. (cdc.gov)
  • Washington, DC (LifeNews.com) - A leading expert on the morning after pill admitted at a National Press Club forum today that 'real world' experience of easy access to the drug has not reduced the numbers of pregnancies or abortions. (lifenews.com)
  • Kirsten Moore, president and CEO of Reproductive Health Technologies Project, there is no evidence that easy access to the morning-after pill reduces pregnancies or abortions, as pro-abortion groups have claimed. (lifenews.com)
  • The claim that pregnancies and abortions would reduce by half is based not on science or fact, but 'faith' with no substance in reality,' Wright explained. (lifenews.com)
  • Poor women's high rate of unintended pregnancy results in their also having high-and increasing-rates of both abortions (52 per 1,000) and unplanned births (66 per 1,000). (floridaindependent.com)
  • The decline in the overall pregnancy rate during 1990-2010 included reductions in birth and abortion rates, with the percent decline greater for abortions (35%) than births (10%) over this period. (cdc.gov)
  • Pregnancies in 2010 included 3.999 million (65.0%) live births, 1.103 million (17.9%) induced abortions, and 1.053 million (17.1%) fetal losses. (cdc.gov)
  • The most recent national abortion estimates also show the number and rate of abortions dropped between 2010 and 2011 ( 3 ). (cdc.gov)
  • The rate of abortions among teens also plummeted, to 19.8 per 1,000 women in 2004 from a high of 43.5 per 1,000 in 1988. (ourbodiesourselves.org)
  • 2 For example, western Europe has the lowest subregional rate at 12 abortions per 1000 women but eastern Europe has the highest at 43 per 1000. (bmj.com)
  • As the world's most populous region, South Asia also has some of the world's highest rates of unplanned pregnancies, maternal deaths, unsafe abortions, child marriages and sexual violence. (idrc.ca)
  • It will be important to examine the reasons why more women are terminating their unintended pregnancies in developing countries, and equally important to understand why women with unintended pregnancies in developed countries increasingly go on to have unplanned births," commented Gilda Sedgh , coauthor of the study and principal research scientist at the Guttmacher Institute. (guttmacher.org)
  • It is critical for governments to prioritize making the full range of contraceptive services available, so that women and couples are able to choose the method that best fits their needs, to plan and space their pregnancies, and to prevent unintended pregnancy," says Sneha Barot , senior policy manager at the Guttmacher Institute. (guttmacher.org)
  • A new study from the Guttmacher Institute reports that as the rate of unintended pregnancies continues to decrease among wealthy or educated women, the rate among women who fall below the federal poverty line has climbed. (floridaindependent.com)
  • The president and CEO of the Guttmacher Institute, Sharon Camp, says "we must ensure that all women, and particularly those who are most vulnerable, have access to the education and range of reproductive health services and counseling they need in order to plan the pregnancies they want and prevent the ones they don't. (floridaindependent.com)
  • Writing in the Chicago Tribune, Lisa Anderson reports on the latest pregnancy statistics released by the Guttmacher Institute . (ourbodiesourselves.org)
  • Looking at data provided by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the Guttmacher Institute, Advocates for Youth and other sources, one finds a lot more teen pregnancies in the U.S. than in Europe. (salon.com)
  • A bill in Missouri makes illegal to get an abortion if the patient has an ectopic pregnancy. (truthorfiction.com)
  • It seemed to indicate that the "offense of trafficking abortion-inducing devices or drugs is a class B felony … [if] the abortion was performed or induced on a woman who [presented] with an ectopic pregnancy. (truthorfiction.com)
  • Smith's tweet asserted that ectopic pregnancies are never viable, and that the complication posed a severe risk to the patient. (truthorfiction.com)
  • An ectopic pregnancy most often occurs in a fallopian tube, which carries eggs from the ovaries to the uterus. (truthorfiction.com)
  • This type of ectopic pregnancy is called a tubal pregnancy. (truthorfiction.com)
  • Sometimes, an ectopic pregnancy occurs in other areas of the body, such as the ovary, abdominal cavity or the lower part of the uterus (cervix), which connects to the vagina. (truthorfiction.com)
  • An ectopic pregnancy can't proceed normally. (truthorfiction.com)
  • An ectopic pregnancy is when a fertilised egg implants itself outside of the womb, usually in one of the fallopian tubes. (truthorfiction.com)
  • In the UK, around 1 in every 90 pregnancies is ectopic. (truthorfiction.com)
  • The American College of Gynecologists (ACOG) provided a Frequently Asked Questions ( FAQ ) page for ectopic pregnancies, explaining that all ectopic pregnancies must be ended for the safety of the mother. (truthorfiction.com)
  • WWE's Carmella shares she was treated for an ectopic pregnancy: 'Why doesn't anyone ever talk about this? (yahoo.com)
  • Leah Van Dale, known by the wrestling name Carmella, detailed her experience with an ectopic pregnancy. (yahoo.com)
  • Today, I was treated for an ectopic pregnancy. (yahoo.com)
  • An ectopic pregnancy, according to the Mayo Clinic , occurs when a fertilized egg implants itself outside of the uterus. (yahoo.com)
  • Untreated, an ectopic pregnancy can cause serious bleeding and death. (yahoo.com)
  • Van Dale is not the only public figure to talk about experiencing an ectopic pregnancy. (yahoo.com)
  • In 2018, Nicole Kidman told British magazine Tatler that she had an ectopic pregnancy while married to Tom Cruise. (yahoo.com)
  • In 2013, Vanessa Carlton shared that she suffered an ectopic pregnancy and needed to have surgery. (yahoo.com)
  • Let's compare the best pregnancy belly pictures reviews & comparison 2022 to find what will work well with your needs. (indymogul.com)
  • The new study, which analyzed 2,910 attempts to establish pregnancy via IVF, is the largest ever to compare frozen with fresh embryo transfer. (stanford.edu)
  • Frozen embryo transfer pregnancy rates approach fresh IVF cycle success rates and continue to get better since we are now using a newer technique to freeze embryos, vitrification. (rscbayarea.com)
  • We've known for several years that when doing single-embryo transfer, the delivery rates are much higher if you transfer a blastocyst than if you transfer a day 3 embryo. (medscape.com)
  • IVF twin pregnancies are at increased risk for "virtually every obstetrical and neonatal complication," including pre-eclampsia (2-fold), extreme prematurity (7.4-fold), admission to the NICU (3.8-fold), and perinatal death (2-fold), yet efforts to encourage single-embryo transfer in North America have hit a brick wall, said Dr. Forman. (medscape.com)
  • Ongoing pregnancy rate (OPR) at 20 weeks' gestation per embryo transfer. (nih.gov)
  • There were an estimated 6,192,000 pregnancies among women of all ages in the U.S. that resulted in a live birth, induced abortion, or fetal loss (miscarriages or stillbirths) in 1997, nearly 600,000 fewer than in 1990 when the number of pregnancies reached its peak. (cdc.gov)
  • The pregnancy rate in 1997 was 103.7 pregnancies per 1,000 women aged 15-44 years, 10 percent lower than in 1990 and the lowest rate since 1976. (cdc.gov)
  • The rate remains 10 percent lower than in 1990. (cdc.gov)
  • The pregnancy rate for unmarried women continues to decline, now 9 percent below the 1990 level. (cdc.gov)
  • The 2005 pregnancy rate of 103.2 pregnancies per 1,000 women aged 15-44 years is 11 percent below the 1990 peak of 115.8. (cdc.gov)
  • Problem/Condition: In the United States in 1990, there were an estimated 1 million pregnancies and 521,826 births among women ages 15-19 years. (cdc.gov)
  • Rates of teenage pregnancy and birth rates by state in 1990 exceeded those in most developed countries. (cdc.gov)
  • An estimated 1 million pregnancies and 521,826 live births among U.S. women ages 15-19 years were reported for 1990 (1,2). (cdc.gov)
  • Rates of unintended pregnancy have decreased globally since 1990, according to a new study published today in The Lancet Global Health . (guttmacher.org)
  • This translates to a rate of 62 unintended pregnancies per 1,000 women aged 15-44, a decrease from 74 per 1,000 women in 1990-1994. (guttmacher.org)
  • From 1990-1994 to this period, the proportion of unintended pregnancies ending in abortion rose in developing countries and fell in developed countries. (guttmacher.org)
  • Fetal loss rates fluctuated over the period and were 3% lower in 2010 than in 1990. (cdc.gov)
  • Compared with 1990, pregnancy rates were lower in 2010 for women under age 30, with the largest percent decline occurring among teenage subgroups, including a 67% reduction for teenagers aged 14 and under, and a 50% reduction for teenagers aged 15-19 ( Figure 1 , Table 2 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Pregnancy rates in 2010 were highest for women aged 25-29 (157.1 per 1,000 women) followed by women aged 20-24 (144.6), with declines of 12% and 27%, respectively, since 1990. (cdc.gov)
  • During the 1990-2010 period, pregnancy rates dropped more for non-Hispanic black (26% decline) and Hispanic women (28% decline) than for non-Hispanic white women (14% decline), thus narrowing the differences between the groups ( Figure 2 ). (cdc.gov)
  • All groups had larger percent reductions in abortion than birth rates over the 1990-2010 period. (cdc.gov)
  • Detailed tables with number of pregnancies by outcome for 2010 by age and race and ethnicity, pregnancy rates by outcome for 1990-2010 by age and race and ethnicity, and pregnancy rates by marital status and race and ethnicity are available by request from [email protected] . (cdc.gov)
  • While some 700,000 women age 15 to 19 become pregnant every year, the rate has declined 36 percent since it peaked in 1990. (ourbodiesourselves.org)
  • The new report by Lawrence B. Finer and Mia R. Zolna - "Unintended Pregnancy in the United States: Incidence and Disparities, 2006," (.pdf) - shows that higher-income women are continuing to have more success planning their pregnancies. (floridaindependent.com)
  • The CSOs note that despite the presence of a robust legal and policy framework, there is an increasing incidence of teenage pregnancy. (pmldaily.com)
  • The pregnancy and implantation rates were significantly higher in the ZIFT group (42.1% and 11.7%) than in the UET group (21.0% and 7.8%) ( P (who.int)
  • The results also indicated that age was significantly associated with HRV parameters during pregnancy and postpartum period, whereas education level was associated with HRV parameters during the third trimester. (utu.fi)
  • They concluded that their data suggest that PI-based HAART initiated during pregnancy is associated with a significantly increased rate of PTD and that this is influenced by maternal immune status. (i-base.info)
  • In the group that received the treatment, the pregnancy success rate improved significantly. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Although the CSOs commend the government for renewing the National Strategy to end Child marriage and teenage pregnancy, they say that effort is insufficient to significantly address the situation of teenage pregnancy, for girls and young women to thrive to their full potential through the implementation of the Parish Development Model. (pmldaily.com)
  • Complicated UTIs may significantly increase the rate of therapy failures and cause damage that leads to recurrence. (medscape.com)
  • Pregnant women with nausea and vomiting in pregnancy were more likely to use prenatal marijuana than pregnant women without nausea and vomiting symptoms, finds study. (everydayhealth.com)
  • Shopping for an over-the-counter prenatal vitamin for a healthy pregnancy? (everydayhealth.com)
  • Ever since SARS-CoV-2 emerged in 2019, the rate of prenatal and postnatal depression and stress in pregnant women has increased. (news-medical.net)
  • Children with prenatal exposure to triptans did not show an increased rate of ADHD symptoms or diagnosis compared to those whose mothers had migraines before and during pregnancy but did not use triptans. (contemporaryobgyn.net)
  • The teen pregnancy rate fell 19 percent from its all-time high in 1991 to reach a record low of 94.3 pregnancies per 1,000 women aged 15-19 years in 1997. (cdc.gov)
  • Birth rates among teenagers were defined as the number of live births per 1,000 women ages 15-19, 15-17, and 18-19 years in their respective racial/ethnic group. (cdc.gov)
  • The difference between overall unintended pregnancy rates in developing and developed regions is notable: In 2010-2014, there were 65 unintended pregnancies per 1,000 women aged 15-44 in developing regions, compared with 45 per 1,000 women in developed regions. (guttmacher.org)
  • The pregnancy rate for women in the United States continued to decline in 2010, to 98.7 per 1,000 women aged 15-44 ( Table 1 ), a record low for the 1976-2010 period. (cdc.gov)
  • Pregnancy rates in 2010 were highest for non-Hispanic black women (135.1 per 1,000 women aged 15-44), intermediate for Hispanic women (118.4), and lowest for non-Hispanic white women (84.1) ( Figure 2 ). (cdc.gov)
  • America's teenagers were less likely to become pregnant in 1997 than at any time since 1976, when national data on pregnancy rates first became available, according to a new report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), which updates trends in pregnancy and births in the United States. (cdc.gov)
  • In 2007, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported that the national maternal mortality rate had risen. (sfchronicle.com)
  • The database the researchers used included information about implantation rates and also about which IVF cycles led to pregnancies lasting long enough for patients to be transferred from the care of fertility centers to regular obstetric practices, reported in the study as "ongoing pregnancy. (stanford.edu)
  • To compare success rates of transferring fresh versus frozen embryos, Wang and her colleagues used a large database maintained by Celmatix that contains records of hundreds of thousands of IVF treatments performed at 12 fertility treatment centers in the United States. (stanford.edu)
  • Data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention included infant deaths and infant death rate per 1,000 live births for 2020, maternal deaths and maternal death rate per 100,000 live births for 2018-2020, and number of births in 2020. (247wallst.com)
  • Transferring a single blastocyst embryo in some groups of patients helps to achieve the healthiest, safest pregnancy, reducing risks associated with twin pregnancies. (rscbayarea.com)
  • Lack of access to care during pregnancy raises risks and healthcare inequities for both mother and baby, say experts. (everydayhealth.com)
  • Data show female physicians have higher risks for infertility and pregnancy loss than the general public. (medworm.com)
  • With advancing maternal age, in vitro fertilization (IVF) is almost always required to achieve a pregnancy, and IVF comes with its own inherent risks and failures. (heritage.org)
  • Moreover, a woman who postpones pregnancy into her 40s may need the assistance of eggs from a young, healthy, fertile woman and/or the womb of a healthy woman, each of whom are subject to health risks. (heritage.org)
  • Depression during Pregnancy: Rates, Risks and Consequences. (bvsalud.org)
  • As of June 2020, the leisure and hospitality industry had the highest unemployment rate in the US. (worldatlas.com)
  • 572,500 people are employed in this sector, using the June 2020 unemployment rate that equals 101,905 Americans in this sector that are without work. (worldatlas.com)
  • Teen birth rates are available through 1999 and show a continued decline, totaling 20 percent since 1991. (cdc.gov)
  • This means that 63 percent of pregnancies ended in a live birth, 21 percent in abortion, and 16 percent with a miscarriage or stillbirth. (cdc.gov)
  • Moreover, many states have reported increases in birth rates that are probably related to concurrent decreases in abortion rates. (cdc.gov)
  • these programs may serve as models for other states where birth rates have remained high or have increased since 1980. (cdc.gov)
  • Increased use of birth control and less sex have resulted in the lowest teen pregnancy rates since the United States government began keeping track in 1970, according to the National Center for Health Statistics. (feminist.org)
  • In 1996, 9.2 percent of African-American teenage girls gave birth, falling dramatically from a birth rate of 30.2% in 1991. (feminist.org)
  • Birth rates for Hispanic teens dropped from 10.7 percent in 1995 to 10.2 percent in 1996. (feminist.org)
  • Experts attribute the dramatic drop in birth rates to less sex and increased use of contraception. (feminist.org)
  • Almost one in 10 teenage girls in 1957 gave birth, the highest rate recorded. (feminist.org)
  • Both the unplanned and planned birth rates fell in developing regions, which likely reflects the increasingly common preference for smaller family size, whereas those rates remained about the same in developed regions. (guttmacher.org)
  • A great bra tor the last trimester of pregnancy, post-birth and as a sleep bra, its T-shaped back, strength panels and double-layer side slings are designed to give maximum support to your ever changing pregnancy and breastfeeding boobs. (madeformums.com)
  • The ability of tubal transfer of an embryo to produce pregnancy and live birth was first demonstrated in a non-human primate model [1]. (who.int)
  • In 2006, poor women had an unintended pregnancy rate five times that of higher-income women, and an unintended birth rate six times as high. (floridaindependent.com)
  • The drop in birth rates from 2007 through 2013 has been well documented ( 1 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Substantial differences were seen by race and ethnicity in rates by pregnancy outcome, with Hispanic women having the highest birth rate in 2010 (80.2) and non-Hispanic black women having the highest abortion rate (47.7). (cdc.gov)
  • [ 26 ] A randomized control trial revealed similar cumulative pregnancy and live birth rates in women with unexplained infertility following laparoscopic versus abdominal myomectomy. (medscape.com)
  • theAsianparent believes that everyone deserves a positive journey from pregnancy to birth to every year of parenting. (apple.com)
  • Mum to four little girls and midwife to many, Clemmie Hooper wants to share her knowledge, wisdom and stories about pregnancy, birth and mothering young children that aren't so widely talked about - straight from the midwife's mouth. (naturalbirthingcompany.com)
  • 2. But on an economic level, this will not help the low birth rate. (fark.com)
  • The wailing will be about declining white European birth rates, and will be the lead story on Fox and whatever other RWNJ outlets are still running. (fark.com)
  • Where have you seen (or heard) information telling about pregnancy rates for various birth control methods? (cdc.gov)
  • Has this information about pregnancy rates been useful to you in deciding on a particular birth control method? (cdc.gov)
  • Dr. Oduyebo is an OB-GYN, and works on the Pregnancy & Birth Defects Task Force for the CDC's Zika Response. (cdc.gov)
  • Dr. Berry-Bibee is a practicing OB-GYN and a guest researcher at the CDC, currently serving on CDC's Zika Virus Emergency Response on the Pregnancy and Birth Defects Task Force Contraception Access Team. (cdc.gov)
  • Further, the normal birth weight and term babies born to mothers who reported elevated symptoms of depression during pregnancy and after delivery was also associated with impairment of motor functions. (news-medical.net)
  • An ASRM report "states that live birth rates declined consistently with maternal age," regardless of the method used to freeze eggs. (heritage.org)
  • Among 113,730 women in Minnesota who had delivered a live birth during March 2013-December 2014 and for whom immunization records were available, 58% received a Tdap vaccination and 46% received an influenza vaccination during their pregnancy. (cdc.gov)
  • This study showed a preterm birth rate of 19% and LBW in 36% of cases. (ijp-online.com)
  • Comprehensive sex-ed programs are the norm in Europe, where in 2008, there were teen birth rates of 5.3 per 1000 in the Netherlands , 4.3 per 1000 in Switzerland and 9.8 per 1000 in Germany compared to 41.5 per 1000 in the United States. (salon.com)
  • In fact, Wright explained, the studies she's seen show an increase in the rate of sexually transmitted diseases, which the drug is not intended to prevent. (lifenews.com)
  • For decades, the Christian Right has been trying to convince Americans that social conservatism and abstinence-only sex education programs will reduce the number of unplanned pregnancies and sexually transmitted diseases. (salon.com)
  • Teenage pregnancy rates declined for all teenagers with the steepest declines among non-Hispanic black (down 23 percent) and white (down 26 percent) teenagers. (cdc.gov)
  • These data will be used to monitor progress toward national goals and to assist in targeting program efforts to reduce teenage pregnancy (4). (cdc.gov)
  • the skyrocketing teenage pregnancy rates are likely to undermine the success of the PDM if left unaddressed because they worsen the dependence syndrome and exacerbate the already constrained household resources. (pmldaily.com)
  • It lessens future crime, delinquency and teenage pregnancy. (pewtrusts.org)
  • Moore indicated she doesn't see across the board increases in pregnancy or abortion rates either and added that 'where we see the increases, correlation does not equal causation. (lifenews.com)
  • the 1997 rate is actually 10 percent lower than the 1986 rate when the upturn began. (cdc.gov)
  • The estimated number of pregnancies dropped to 6.155 million in 2010, the lowest number since 1986. (cdc.gov)
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  • Minimally invasive surgery to correct an abnormality in the uterus called a uterine septum improves pregnancy rates in women with unexplained infertility, doctors report in the journal Fertility and Sterility. (health.am)
  • It's helpful for patients to look closely at an IVF center's success rates and experience when choosing an infertility center for their treatment. (rscbayarea.com)
  • Be sure to ask any infertility center you consider working with to provide you their recent success rates (not assembled over the past 3 years), and confirm that their success rates are reported to SART and the CDC. (rscbayarea.com)
  • Female Doctors Have Higher Infertility Rates: What Can Be Done? (medworm.com)
  • Pregnancy rates have declined for women under age 30 years and risen for older women. (cdc.gov)
  • Among the factors believed to be driving this downturn in teen pregnancies are increases in condom use, the adoption of the effective injectable and implant contraceptives, and the leveling off of teen sexual activity. (cdc.gov)
  • Though the greatest increases in pregnancy rates were among women aged 35-39 (up 9 percent) and 40-44 years (up 21 percent), pregnancy rates remain highest for women in their twenties. (cdc.gov)
  • Instead, it increases the likelihood of you having twin pregnancies or even triplets. (familyeducation.com)
  • Your heart rate increases during pregnancy to pump more blood. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Researchers from Cornell University found in the 12-week study that consumption of 930 milligrams of choline a day by women in their third trimester of pregnancy is linked with a 33 percent decreased concentration of cortisol -- the stress hormone -- in their babies. (huffpost.com)
  • This study provides compelling evidence that maternal choline intake during the third trimester of human pregnancy can modify global and site-specific epigenetic marks in fetal-derived tissues," the researchers wrote in the study. (huffpost.com)
  • Fetal death occurred in 141 of the 900 analyzed pregnancies, more often in women less than 20 years of age, in their third trimester, seeking treatment more than 24 hours after symptom onset, with severe dehydration or who vomited. (cdc.gov)
  • Assisted Reproductive Technology, otherwise known as ART, is the broad term that describes the various types of fertility treatments that are used to attain a healthy pregnancy. (familyeducation.com)
  • Empower a happy and healthy pregnancy with our pregnancy tracker. (apple.com)
  • This program will help women get the education and services needed for a healthy pregnancy. (molinahealthcare.com)
  • The high unintended pregnancy rate in developing regions corresponds with a substantial unmet need for contraception in these parts of the world. (guttmacher.org)
  • It is important to note, however, that poor women have high unintended pregnancy rates nearly across the board, regardless of their education, race and ethnicity , marital status or age. (floridaindependent.com)
  • In contrast to the high rates among certain groups, some women in the United States are having considerable success timing and spacing their pregnancies. (floridaindependent.com)
  • High preterm delivery rates associated with initiation of HAART during pregnancy. (i-base.info)
  • Abnormally high levels of the marker indicate that the pregnancy is likely to fail, while normal levels suggest that it is likely to succeed. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • in the middle you can see bladder cancer during pregnancy and at the right you see that there is a high grade sarcoma actually with transperitoneal spread. (ecancer.org)
  • Consuming the nutrient choline -- found in broccoli, eggs and milk -- during pregnancy could help to reduce the risk of the child later developing diabetes or high blood pressure, a new study suggests. (huffpost.com)
  • IMSEAR at SEARO: Dengue infections and pregnancy: caution in interpreting high rates of premature deliveries and maternal mortality. (who.int)
  • But teen pregnancy rates are still high in poor neighborhoods. (marketplace.org)
  • Economists disagree about whether these pregnancies cause high dropout rates and poverty, or whether teen parents were at risk of dropping out of school anyway. (marketplace.org)
  • ABSTRACT Despite the success of the Iranian family planning programme, the number of unwanted pregnancies remains high. (who.int)
  • infections are associated with a high mortality rate. (cdc.gov)
  • It also means that we need to stop practices that may bring harm to others: the children born from high-tech pregnancies as well as the women who are exploited for their healthy reproductive capacities. (heritage.org)
  • Because if he had really wanted to make the point by picking a group with very high crime rates he should have suggested aborting all male fetuses. (blogspot.com)
  • Reginald Tucker] Cholera infections during pregnancy are associated with high rates of fetal death, especially when women are severely dehydrated. (cdc.gov)
  • Yet another study confirms that routine ultrasound examination of normal women is of no benefit and the technique should be restricted to high-risk pregnancies. (healthy.net)
  • Research shows that high-quality preschool education for disadvantaged children improves later high school graduation rates and college attendance, employment opportunities and earnings, even marriage rates. (pewtrusts.org)
  • Certainly, the failed War on Drugs and the Prison/Industrial Complex are major factors in the U.S.' appallingly high incarceration rate, and unless the U.S. seriously reforms its draconian drug laws, it will continue to lock up a lot more of its people than Europe. (salon.com)
  • Gram negative isolates showed high resistance rate of 73.1% to ampicillin and 65.4% to amoxicillin-clavulanic acid while Gram-positive isolates showed high resistant rate of 94.1% to penicillin. (who.int)
  • The Gram-positive isolates showed high susceptibility rate of 100% while the Gram-negative isolates showed moderate susceptibility of 69.2% to nitrofurantoin. (who.int)
  • But physicians have been unsure whether transferring frozen embryos changed pregnancy rates. (stanford.edu)
  • The relationship between fetal death and trimester of pregnancy is unclear. (cdc.gov)
  • Higher progesterone levels may make it more difficult for embryos to implant - that is, adhere to the wall of the uterus to establish pregnancy - possibly due to premature maturation of the uterine lining. (stanford.edu)
  • A total of 58 pregnant women were monitored using an Internet of Things-based remote monitoring system during pregnancy and 3-month postpartum period. (utu.fi)
  • I'd like to welcome you to today's COCA call, Updated Interim Zika Clinical Guidance for Pregnant Women in Data on Contraceptive Use to Decrease Zika-Affected Pregnancy. (cdc.gov)
  • The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices recommends that women who are or will be pregnant during the influenza season be vaccinated with inactivated influenza virus vaccine, and that all pregnant women receive a dose of tetanus, diphtheria, acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccine in every pregnancy. (cdc.gov)
  • California Watch spoke with investigators who wrote the report, and they confirmed the most significant spike in pregnancy-related deaths since the 1930s. (sfchronicle.com)
  • Although the number of deaths is relatively small, the rate in California is higher than in Kuwait or Bosnia. (sfchronicle.com)
  • Despite the increase in deaths, pregnancy is still safe for the vast majority of women. (sfchronicle.com)
  • Maternal deaths include deaths of women while pregnant or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy from any cause related to or aggravated by the pregnancy or its management, but not from accidental or incidental causes. (247wallst.com)
  • The mortality rate of California women who die from causes directly related to pregnancy has nearly tripled in the past decade, prompting doctors to worry about the dangers of obesity in expectant mothers and about medical complications of cesarean sections. (sfchronicle.com)
  • But if California had met the goal set by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services to bring the state's maternal mortality rate down to a level achieved by other countries, the number of dead would have been closer to 28. (sfchronicle.com)
  • The pregnancy-related mortality rate was nearly three times higher for Black women than for white women. (everydayhealth.com)
  • Vaccination during pregnancy protects infants from influenza and pertussis during the first year of life through passively acquired maternal antibodies. (cdc.gov)
  • For these women, freezing the embryos before transfer was 73 percent more likely to produce an ongoing pregnancy than transferring the embryos immediately after IVF. (stanford.edu)
  • The study was performed over a period of six years, between 2013 and 2019, and, further to analysis of just over 5,000 embryos, the results indicate that segmental mosaicism is more frequent in embryos obtained from women who are under 35 years of age and that the implantation rate is similar to the rate in euploid, chromosomally normal embryos. (institutobernabeu.com)
  • The authors of the systematic review concluded that comprehensive genetic screening of embryos using day 5 blastocyst biopsy is associated with increased implantation and pregnancy rates. (medscape.com)
  • Success rates are contingent on a variety of factors including maternal age, the quality of the gametes (sperm and egg cells), the timing of the implantation, and any chromosome abnormalities that may be present in the embryos. (familyeducation.com)
  • Pregnancy rates mean pregnancies achieved with embryos coming from an egg collection. (rainbowfertilitybarcelona.com)
  • At least three things are required for a successful pregnancy during in vitro fertilization (IVF): a healthy embryo, a receptive endometrium, and careful transfer at the proper time in the cycle. (medscape.com)
  • The Joint Commission, the leading health care accreditation and standards group in the United States, issued an alert to hospitals on Jan. 26, stating: "Unfortunately, current trends and evidence suggest that maternal mortality rates may be increasing. (sfchronicle.com)
  • What is the expected pregnancy rate for using donor sperm? (cryosinternational.com)
  • Therefore, we cannot tell you what the expected pregnancy rate is for your treatment with donor sperm . (cryosinternational.com)
  • Pregnancy rates are normally highest with younger women (ages 24 to 34), in those who have had successful pregnancies in the past, and with couples who use higher quality donor eggs. (familyeducation.com)
  • 3 The campaign grew out of the ASRM's increasing awareness of the problems associated with waiting too long to begin having children and a desire to give women the facts about what happens when they postpone pregnancy and childbirth. (heritage.org)
  • Because of the adverse health, social, and economic consequences of teenage childbearing, CDC analyzed data for pregnancies and births among teenagers (3). (cdc.gov)
  • The study of 15,000 women concluded: 'There were no significant differences in the rate of adverse perinatal outcome (fetal or neonatal death or substantial neonatal morbidity). (healthy.net)
  • Over the past few of years, we have seen a dramatic increase in pregnancy rates with IVF at Reproductive Science Center of the San Francisco Bay Area. (rscbayarea.com)
  • Our success rate statistics are verified by the Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology (SART) and the Center for Disease Control (CDC), the National agencies that report and audit IVF center success rates. (rscbayarea.com)
  • According to the American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM), between 15-25 percent of all pregnancies are affected by RPL. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Find out everything you can expect from your pregnancy if you used assisted reproductive methods. (familyeducation.com)
  • The pregnancy rate for married women has risen slightly to 113.8, returning to 1994 levels. (cdc.gov)
  • At the same time, the rate among higher-income women (those with incomes at or above 200% of the poverty line) fell from 34 in 1994 to 28 in 2001 and 24 in 2006-a 29% decrease. (floridaindependent.com)
  • Retrouvez le Doliprane sous toutes ses formes et différents dosages sur Pharma GDD votre pharmacie en ligne. (primesenergie.fr)
  • It's not clear which mothers are most at risk, but researchers have long known that African American mothers are three to four times more likely to die from pregnancy-related causes. (sfchronicle.com)
  • The researchers found that during the most recent period (2010-2014), an estimated 44% of pregnancies worldwide were unintended. (guttmacher.org)
  • Researchers were led by Dr. Mary D. Stephenson, who is the Dr. Theresa S. Falcon-Cullinan Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology at the University of Illinois at Chicago and director of the University of Illinois Recurrent Pregnancy Loss Program. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Researchers considered the results reassuring for women who experience migraines during pregnancy and wish to use triptans. (contemporaryobgyn.net)
  • The aim of this study was to assess trends in heart rate (HR) and HRV parameters as a noninvasive method for remote maternal health monitoring during pregnancy and 3-month postpartum period. (utu.fi)
  • Our study indicates the physiological changes during pregnancy and the postpartum period. (utu.fi)
  • In addition, various studies have reported that the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic adversely impacts maternal mental health during pregnancy and postpartum. (news-medical.net)
  • Prof Amant and his team found that Chemotherapy during pregnancy does not seem to cause developmental problems in children. (ecancer.org)
  • Urinary tract infection (UTI) in pregnancy is associated with significant morbidity for both mother and baby. (who.int)
  • We want them to talk to their sons about their sexual activity and preventing a pregnancy, using a condom correctly and consistently, getting themselves screened for STIs (sexually transmissible infections), including HIV," Guilamo-Ramos said. (marketplace.org)
  • The report, "Trends in Pregnancy Rates for the United States, 1976-97: An Update," was prepared by CDC's National Center for Health Statistics and tracks the effects of changes in sexual activity, marriage patterns, contraceptive use, and attitudes and economic and educational opportunities on pregnancies and pregnancy rates in the United States. (cdc.gov)
  • Changes in pregnancy rates may be linked to changing attitudes towards premarital sexual activity, better contraceptive measures, and increased economic opportunities during the 1990's. (cdc.gov)
  • Unlike other methods, long-acting reversible contraceptives such as IUDs and contraceptive implants have less than a 1 percent failure rate. (stanford.edu)
  • In keeping with the goal of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to develop uniform contraceptive labeling, focus groups were conducted to determine a presentation format most useful to the consumer for contraceptive pregnancy rates. (cdc.gov)
  • Despite decades of improvement and for reasons yet unknown, there is statistical evidence that the drop in pregnancy rates, the age of first sexual activity and contraceptive use among teens stalled after 2001. (ourbodiesourselves.org)
  • Even a small uterine septum may negatively affect the multifaceted mechanisms of implantation and reduce the chances of pregnancy," Dr. Antonio Mollo from University of Naples, told Reuters Health. (health.am)
  • Other participants, however, said they didn't see the connection between the health of their child and their pregnancy plans, and said they would rather talk with their pediatrician about issues more directly related to their child's health. (stanford.edu)
  • This NCHS Health E-Stat uses data from 2010 to update a previous NCHS report on pregnancy rates ( 2 ). (cdc.gov)
  • If an egg gets stuck in them, it won't develop into a baby and your health may be at risk if the pregnancy continues. (truthorfiction.com)
  • Since 1991, rate has dropped by nearly half, health officials find. (everydayhealth.com)
  • The Healthy Home Economist, a pseudoexpert in health and wellness with no actual education or training in medicine, is telling mothers to avoid a safe and effective approach to preventing a deadly pregnancy complication that used to result in the death of thousands of babies every year. (sciencebasedmedicine.org)
  • https://chronicdata.cdc.gov/Maternal-Child-Health/Graph-of-Rates-of-Teeth-Cleaning-During-Pregnancy/pmxu-gsdm Opens in new window. (cdc.gov)
  • Unemployment rates are important because they can be used as correlative predictors of factors like overall happiness, marital health, and satisfaction. (worldatlas.com)
  • Dr. Oduyebo is also a subject matter expert, and provides clinical consultation to healthcare providers and state, tribal, local and territorial health departments through the CDC Zika Pregnancy Hotline. (cdc.gov)
  • Further, poor motor development in kids with motor deficits arising in infancy and early childhood has been correlated with the poor mental health of mothers during pregnancy and following delivery. (news-medical.net)
  • Our I'm Expecting app (for iOS and Android ) lets you track symptoms over time in a calendar, the perfect way to show your doctor how often you've been experiencing a certain side effect of pregnancy. (medhelp.org)
  • The Conners' Parent Rating Scale was used to assess ADHD symptoms, with the score rising with each recorded symptom. (contemporaryobgyn.net)
  • HAART use in pregnancy has been associated with preterm delivery (PTD) in some studies but not others. (i-base.info)
  • In 2006, 95 California women died from causes directly related to their pregnancies - out of more than 500,000 live births. (sfchronicle.com)
  • From the latest pregnancy news, treatments and therapies, inspiring patient stories, to expert advice, we're here to help you live your healthiest life every day. (everydayhealth.com)
  • The traditional tubal ligation, also known as "having your tubes tied," involves cauterizing or clamping the fallopian tubes to prevent pregnancy. (prostate.net)
  • Overall, a vasectomy is safer, has a faster recovery period, a higher success rate, and is less expensive than tubal ligation. (prostate.net)