Results of conception and ensuing pregnancy, including LIVE BIRTH; STILLBIRTH; SPONTANEOUS ABORTION; INDUCED ABORTION. The outcome may follow natural or artificial insemination or any of the various ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNIQUES, such as EMBRYO TRANSFER or FERTILIZATION IN VITRO.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Conditions or pathological processes associated with pregnancy. They can occur during or after pregnancy, and range from minor discomforts to serious diseases that require medical interventions. They include diseases in pregnant females, and pregnancies in females with diseases.
Expulsion of the product of FERTILIZATION before completing the term of GESTATION and without deliberate interference.
The process of bearing developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero in non-human mammals, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
The beginning third of a human PREGNANCY, from the first day of the last normal menstrual period (MENSTRUATION) through the completion of 14 weeks (98 days) of gestation.
An infant during the first month after birth.
Death of the developing young in utero. BIRTH of a dead FETUS is STILLBIRTH.
CHILDBIRTH before 37 weeks of PREGNANCY (259 days from the first day of the mother's last menstrual period, or 245 days after FERTILIZATION).
The ratio of the number of conceptions (CONCEPTION) including LIVE BIRTH; STILLBIRTH; and fetal losses, to the mean number of females of reproductive age in a population during a set time period.
A potentially life-threatening condition in which EMBRYO IMPLANTATION occurs outside the cavity of the UTERUS. Most ectopic pregnancies (>96%) occur in the FALLOPIAN TUBES, known as TUBAL PREGNANCY. They can be in other locations, such as UTERINE CERVIX; OVARY; and abdominal cavity (PREGNANCY, ABDOMINAL).
The co-occurrence of pregnancy and a cardiovascular disease. The disease may precede or follow FERTILIZATION and it may or may not have a deleterious effect on the pregnant woman or FETUS.
The last third of a human PREGNANCY, from the beginning of the 29th through the 42nd completed week (197 to 294 days) of gestation.
An infant having a birth weight of 2500 gm. (5.5 lb.) or less but INFANT, VERY LOW BIRTH WEIGHT is available for infants having a birth weight of 1500 grams (3.3 lb.) or less.
The middle third of a human PREGNANCY, from the beginning of the 15th through the 28th completed week (99 to 196 days) of gestation.
The co-occurrence of pregnancy and an INFECTION. The infection may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.
The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.
The state of PREGNANCY in women with DIABETES MELLITUS. This does not include either symptomatic diabetes or GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE induced by pregnancy (DIABETES, GESTATIONAL) which resolves at the end of pregnancy.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
A complication of PREGNANCY, characterized by a complex of symptoms including maternal HYPERTENSION and PROTEINURIA with or without pathological EDEMA. Symptoms may range between mild and severe. Pre-eclampsia usually occurs after the 20th week of gestation, but may develop before this time in the presence of trophoblastic disease.
The condition of carrying two or more FETUSES simultaneously.
The event that a FETUS is born dead or stillborn.
The three approximately equal periods of a normal human PREGNANCY. Each trimester is about three months or 13 to 14 weeks in duration depending on the designation of the first day of gestation.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual at BIRTH. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
The co-occurrence of pregnancy and NEOPLASMS. The neoplastic disease may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.
Malformations of organs or body parts during development in utero.
Care provided the pregnant woman in order to prevent complications, and decrease the incidence of maternal and prenatal mortality.
The co-occurrence of pregnancy and a blood disease (HEMATOLOGIC DISEASES) which involves BLOOD CELLS or COAGULATION FACTORS. The hematologic disease may precede or follow FERTILIZATION and it may or may not have a deleterious effect on the pregnant woman or FETUS.
Onset of OBSTETRIC LABOR before term (TERM BIRTH) but usually after the FETUS has become viable. In humans, it occurs sometime during the 29th through 38th week of PREGNANCY. TOCOLYSIS inhibits premature labor and can prevent the BIRTH of premature infants (INFANT, PREMATURE).
Pregnancy in which the mother and/or FETUS are at greater than normal risk of MORBIDITY or MORTALITY. Causes include inadequate PRENATAL CARE, previous obstetrical history (ABORTION, SPONTANEOUS), pre-existing maternal disease, pregnancy-induced disease (GESTATIONAL HYPERTENSION), and MULTIPLE PREGNANCY, as well as advanced maternal age above 35.
The failure of a FETUS to attain its expected FETAL GROWTH at any GESTATIONAL AGE.
Pregnancy in human adolescent females under the age of 19.
An assisted reproductive technique that includes the direct handling and manipulation of oocytes and sperm to achieve fertilization in vitro.
The visualization of tissues during pregnancy through recording of the echoes of ultrasonic waves directed into the body. The procedure may be applied with reference to the mother or the fetus and with reference to organs or the detection of maternal or fetal disease.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Tests to determine whether or not an individual is pregnant.
The age of the mother in PREGNANCY.
The transfer of mammalian embryos from an in vivo or in vitro environment to a suitable host to improve pregnancy or gestational outcome in human or animal. In human fertility treatment programs, preimplantation embryos ranging from the 4-cell stage to the blastocyst stage are transferred to the uterine cavity between 3-5 days after FERTILIZATION IN VITRO.
A highly vascularized mammalian fetal-maternal organ and major site of transport of oxygen, nutrients, and fetal waste products. It includes a fetal portion (CHORIONIC VILLI) derived from TROPHOBLASTS and a maternal portion (DECIDUA) derived from the uterine ENDOMETRIUM. The placenta produces an array of steroid, protein and peptide hormones (PLACENTAL HORMONES).
Extraction of the FETUS by means of abdominal HYSTEROTOMY.
An infant having a birth weight lower than expected for its gestational age.
Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).
Diabetes mellitus induced by PREGNANCY but resolved at the end of pregnancy. It does not include previously diagnosed diabetics who become pregnant (PREGNANCY IN DIABETICS). Gestational diabetes usually develops in late pregnancy when insulin antagonistic hormones peaks leading to INSULIN RESISTANCE; GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; and HYPERGLYCEMIA.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Endometrial implantation of EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN at the BLASTOCYST stage.
Intentional removal of a fetus from the uterus by any of a number of techniques. (POPLINE, 1978)
A condition in pregnant women with elevated systolic (>140 mm Hg) and diastolic (>90 mm Hg) blood pressure on at least two occasions 6 h apart. HYPERTENSION complicates 8-10% of all pregnancies, generally after 20 weeks of gestation. Gestational hypertension can be divided into several broad categories according to the complexity and associated symptoms, such as EDEMA; PROTEINURIA; SEIZURES; abnormalities in BLOOD COAGULATION and liver functions.
The most common (>96%) type of ectopic pregnancy in which the extrauterine EMBRYO IMPLANTATION occurs in the FALLOPIAN TUBE, usually in the ampullary region where FERTILIZATION takes place.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Three or more consecutive spontaneous abortions.
The number of offspring a female has borne. It is contrasted with GRAVIDITY, which refers to the number of pregnancies, regardless of outcome.
Congenital abnormalities caused by medicinal substances or drugs of abuse given to or taken by the mother, or to which she is inadvertently exposed during the manufacture of such substances. The concept excludes abnormalities resulting from exposure to non-medicinal chemicals in the environment.
Pathological processes or abnormal functions of the PLACENTA.
Proteins produced by organs of the mother or the PLACENTA during PREGNANCY. These proteins may be pregnancy-specific (present only during pregnancy) or pregnancy-associated (present during pregnancy or under other conditions such as hormone therapy or certain malignancies.)
The event that a FETUS is born alive with heartbeats or RESPIRATION regardless of GESTATIONAL AGE. Such liveborn is called a newborn infant (INFANT, NEWBORN).
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
An organized and comprehensive program of health care that identifies and reduces a woman's reproductive risks before conception through risk assessment, health promotion, and interventions. Preconception care programs may be designed to include the male partner in providing counseling and educational information in preparation for fatherhood, such as genetic counseling and testing, financial and family planning, etc. This concept is different from PRENATAL CARE, which occurs during pregnancy.
Diminished or absent ability of a female to achieve conception.
A condition of fetal overgrowth leading to a large-for-gestational-age FETUS. It is defined as BIRTH WEIGHT greater than 4,000 grams or above the 90th percentile for population and sex-specific growth curves. It is commonly seen in GESTATIONAL DIABETES; PROLONGED PREGNANCY; and pregnancies complicated by pre-existing diabetes mellitus.
The co-occurrence of pregnancy and parasitic diseases. The parasitic infection may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.
The hollow thick-walled muscular organ in the female PELVIS. It consists of the fundus (the body) which is the site of EMBRYO IMPLANTATION and FETAL DEVELOPMENT. Beyond the isthmus at the perineal end of fundus, is CERVIX UTERI (the neck) opening into VAGINA. Beyond the isthmi at the upper abdominal end of fundus, are the FALLOPIAN TUBES.
Exposure of the female parent, human or animal, to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals that may affect offspring. It includes pre-conception maternal exposure.
The condition of carrying TWINS simultaneously.
An assisted fertilization technique consisting of the microinjection of a single viable sperm into an extracted ovum. It is used principally to overcome low sperm count, low sperm motility, inability of sperm to penetrate the egg, or other conditions related to male infertility (INFERTILITY, MALE).
Delivery of the FETUS and PLACENTA under the care of an obstetrician or a health worker. Obstetric deliveries may involve physical, psychological, medical, or surgical interventions.
Premature separation of the normally implanted PLACENTA from the UTERUS. Signs of varying degree of severity include UTERINE BLEEDING, uterine MUSCLE HYPERTONIA, and FETAL DISTRESS or FETAL DEATH.
Postnatal deaths from BIRTH to 365 days after birth in a given population. Postneonatal mortality represents deaths between 28 days and 365 days after birth (as defined by National Center for Health Statistics). Neonatal mortality represents deaths from birth to 27 days after birth.
The number of pregnancies, complete or incomplete, experienced by a female. It is different from PARITY, which is the number of offspring borne. (From Stedman, 26th ed)
A term used to describe pregnancies that exceed the upper limit of a normal gestational period. In humans, a prolonged pregnancy is defined as one that extends beyond 42 weeks (294 days) after the first day of the last menstrual period (MENSTRUATION), or birth with gestational age of 41 weeks or more.
Clinical and laboratory techniques used to enhance fertility in humans and animals.
Unintended accidental pregnancy, including pregnancy resulting from failed contraceptive measures.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
A method, developed by Dr. Virginia Apgar, to evaluate a newborn's adjustment to extrauterine life. Five items - heart rate, respiratory effort, muscle tone, reflex irritability, and color - are evaluated 60 seconds after birth and again five minutes later on a scale from 0-2, 0 being the lowest, 2 being normal. The five numbers are added for the Apgar score. A score of 0-3 represents severe distress, 4-7 indicates moderate distress, and a score of 7-10 predicts an absence of difficulty in adjusting to extrauterine life.
The consequences of exposing the FETUS in utero to certain factors, such as NUTRITION PHYSIOLOGICAL PHENOMENA; PHYSIOLOGICAL STRESS; DRUGS; RADIATION; and other physical or chemical factors. These consequences are observed later in the offspring after BIRTH.
Inability to reproduce after a specified period of unprotected intercourse. Reproductive sterility is permanent infertility.
The disintegration and assimilation of the dead FETUS in the UTERUS at any stage after the completion of organogenesis which, in humans, is after the 9th week of GESTATION. It does not include embryo resorption (see EMBRYO LOSS).
UTERINE BLEEDING from a GESTATION of less than 20 weeks without any CERVICAL DILATATION. It is characterized by vaginal bleeding, lower back discomfort, or midline pelvic cramping and a risk factor for MISCARRIAGE.
Morphological and physiological development of FETUSES.
Pregnancy, usually accidental, that is not desired by the parent or parents.
Deaths occurring from the 28th week of GESTATION to the 28th day after birth in a given population.
A gonadotropic glycoprotein hormone produced primarily by the PLACENTA. Similar to the pituitary LUTEINIZING HORMONE in structure and function, chorionic gonadotropin is involved in maintaining the CORPUS LUTEUM during pregnancy. CG consists of two noncovalently linked subunits, alpha and beta. Within a species, the alpha subunit is virtually identical to the alpha subunits of the three pituitary glycoprotein hormones (TSH, LH, and FSH), but the beta subunit is unique and confers its biological specificity (CHORIONIC GONADOTROPIN, BETA SUBUNIT, HUMAN).
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Techniques for the artifical induction of ovulation, the rupture of the follicle and release of the ovum.
Exchange of substances between the maternal blood and the fetal blood at the PLACENTA via PLACENTAL CIRCULATION. The placental barrier excludes microbial or viral transmission.
A branch arising from the internal iliac artery in females, that supplies blood to the uterus.
Pathophysiological conditions of the FETUS in the UTERUS. Some fetal diseases may be treated with FETAL THERAPIES.
A condition of abnormally low AMNIOTIC FLUID volume. Principal causes include malformations of fetal URINARY TRACT; FETAL GROWTH RETARDATION; GESTATIONAL HYPERTENSION; nicotine poisoning; and PROLONGED PREGNANCY.
Abortion induced to save the life or health of a pregnant woman. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Selective abortion of one or more embryos or fetuses in a multiple gestation pregnancy. The usual goal is to improve the outcome for the remaining embryos or fetuses.
Two individuals derived from two FETUSES that were fertilized at or about the same time, developed in the UTERUS simultaneously, and born to the same mother. Twins are either monozygotic (TWINS, MONOZYGOTIC) or dizygotic (TWINS, DIZYGOTIC).
Transfer of preovulatory oocytes from donor to a suitable host. Oocytes are collected, fertilized in vitro, and transferred to a host that can be human or animal.
The capacity to conceive or to induce conception. It may refer to either the male or female.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Determination of the nature of a pathological condition or disease in the postimplantation EMBRYO; FETUS; or pregnant female before birth.
Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the mother.
Medical problems associated with OBSTETRIC LABOR, such as BREECH PRESENTATION; PREMATURE OBSTETRIC LABOR; HEMORRHAGE; or others. These complications can affect the well-being of the mother, the FETUS, or both.
Cells lining the outside of the BLASTOCYST. After binding to the ENDOMETRIUM, trophoblasts develop into two distinct layers, an inner layer of mononuclear cytotrophoblasts and an outer layer of continuous multinuclear cytoplasm, the syncytiotrophoblasts, which form the early fetal-maternal interface (PLACENTA).
Artificial introduction of SEMEN or SPERMATOZOA into the VAGINA to facilitate FERTILIZATION.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
The major progestational steroid that is secreted primarily by the CORPUS LUTEUM and the PLACENTA. Progesterone acts on the UTERUS, the MAMMARY GLANDS and the BRAIN. It is required in EMBRYO IMPLANTATION; PREGNANCY maintenance, and the development of mammary tissue for MILK production. Progesterone, converted from PREGNENOLONE, also serves as an intermediate in the biosynthesis of GONADAL STEROID HORMONES and adrenal CORTICOSTEROIDS.
A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
The unborn young of a viviparous mammal, in the postembryonic period, after the major structures have been outlined. In humans, the unborn young from the end of the eighth week after CONCEPTION until BIRTH, as distinguished from the earlier EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN.
Spontaneous tearing of the membranes surrounding the FETUS any time before the onset of OBSTETRIC LABOR. Preterm PROM is membrane rupture before 37 weeks of GESTATION.
Methods pertaining to the generation of new individuals, including techniques used in selective BREEDING, cloning (CLONING, ORGANISM), and assisted reproduction (REPRODUCTIVE TECHNIQUES, ASSISTED).
The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.
Diseases of newborn infants present at birth (congenital) or developing within the first month of birth. It does not include hereditary diseases not manifesting at birth or within the first 30 days of life nor does it include inborn errors of metabolism. Both HEREDITARY DISEASES and METABOLISM, INBORN ERRORS are available as general concepts.
A human infant born before 37 weeks of GESTATION.
The repetitive uterine contraction during childbirth which is associated with the progressive dilation of the uterine cervix (CERVIX UTERI). Successful labor results in the expulsion of the FETUS and PLACENTA. Obstetric labor can be spontaneous or induced (LABOR, INDUCED).
A type of ectopic pregnancy in which the EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN implants in the ABDOMINAL CAVITY instead of in the ENDOMETRIUM of the UTERUS.
The circulation of BLOOD, of both the mother and the FETUS, through the PLACENTA.
Nutrition of a mother which affects the health of the FETUS and INFANT as well as herself.
A clear, yellowish liquid that envelopes the FETUS inside the sac of AMNION. In the first trimester, it is likely a transudate of maternal or fetal plasma. In the second trimester, amniotic fluid derives primarily from fetal lung and kidney. Cells or substances in this fluid can be removed for prenatal diagnostic tests (AMNIOCENTESIS).
Physiological mechanisms that sustain the state of PREGNANCY.
Maternal deaths resulting from complications of pregnancy and childbirth in a given population.
The mucous membrane lining of the uterine cavity that is hormonally responsive during the MENSTRUAL CYCLE and PREGNANCY. The endometrium undergoes cyclic changes that characterize MENSTRUATION. After successful FERTILIZATION, it serves to sustain the developing embryo.
A federal area located between Maryland and Virginia on the Potomac river; it is coextensive with Washington, D.C., which is the capital of the United States.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
Morphological and physiological development of EMBRYOS or FETUSES.
Time interval, or number of non-contraceptive menstrual cycles that it takes for a couple to conceive.
Preservation of cells, tissues, organs, or embryos by freezing. In histological preparations, cryopreservation or cryofixation is used to maintain the existing form, structure, and chemical composition of all the constituent elements of the specimens.
A condition of abnormally high AMNIOTIC FLUID volume, such as greater than 2,000 ml in the LAST TRIMESTER and usually diagnosed by ultrasonographic criteria (AMNIOTIC FLUID INDEX). It is associated with maternal DIABETES MELLITUS; MULTIPLE PREGNANCY; CHROMOSOMAL DISORDERS; and congenital abnormalities.
Evaluation procedures that focus on both the outcome or status (OUTCOMES ASSESSMENT) of the patient at the end of an episode of care - presence of symptoms, level of activity, and mortality; and the process (ASSESSMENT, PROCESS) - what is done for the patient diagnostically and therapeutically.
Human females who are pregnant, as cultural, psychological, or sociological entities.
Onset of HYPERREFLEXIA; SEIZURES; or COMA in a previously diagnosed pre-eclamptic patient (PRE-ECLAMPSIA).
Official certifications by a physician recording the individual's birth date, place of birth, parentage and other required identifying data which are filed with the local registrar of vital statistics.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
The number of births in a given population per year or other unit of time.
Bleeding from blood vessels in the UTERUS, sometimes manifested as vaginal bleeding.
Female parents, human or animal.
Diseases involving the FALLOPIAN TUBES including neoplasms (FALLOPIAN TUBE NEOPLASMS); SALPINGITIS; tubo-ovarian abscess; and blockage.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
The hormone-responsive glandular layer of ENDOMETRIUM that sloughs off at each menstrual flow (decidua menstrualis) or at the termination of pregnancy. During pregnancy, the thickest part of the decidua forms the maternal portion of the PLACENTA, thus named decidua placentalis. The thin portion of the decidua covering the rest of the embryo is the decidua capsularis.
Nutrition of FEMALE during PREGNANCY.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Male parents, human or animal.
The beta subunit of human CHORIONIC GONADOTROPIN. Its structure is similar to the beta subunit of LUTEINIZING HORMONE, except for the additional 30 amino acids at the carboxy end with the associated carbohydrate residues. HCG-beta is used as a diagnostic marker for early detection of pregnancy, spontaneous abortion (ABORTION, SPONTANEOUS); ECTOPIC PREGNANCY; HYDATIDIFORM MOLE; CHORIOCARCINOMA; or DOWN SYNDROME.
In utero measurement corresponding to the sitting height (crown to rump) of the fetus. Length is considered a more accurate criterion of the age of the fetus than is the weight. The average crown-rump length of the fetus at term is 36 cm. (From Williams Obstetrics, 18th ed, p91)
Termination of pregnancy under conditions allowed under local laws. (POPLINE Thesaurus, 1991)
Excess blood loss from uterine bleeding associated with OBSTETRIC LABOR or CHILDBIRTH. It is defined as blood loss greater than 500 ml or of the amount that adversely affects the maternal physiology, such as BLOOD PRESSURE and HEMATOCRIT. Postpartum hemorrhage is divided into two categories, immediate (within first 24 hours after birth) or delayed (after 24 hours postpartum).
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Ultrasonography applying the Doppler effect, with frequency-shifted ultrasound reflections produced by moving targets (usually red blood cells) in the bloodstream along the ultrasound axis in direct proportion to the velocity of movement of the targets, to determine both direction and velocity of blood flow. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Increase in BODY WEIGHT over existing weight.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.
Physiologic or biochemical monitoring of the fetus. It is usually done during LABOR, OBSTETRIC and may be performed in conjunction with the monitoring of uterine activity. It may also be performed prenatally as when the mother is undergoing surgery.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
The development of the PLACENTA, a highly vascularized mammalian fetal-maternal organ and major site of transport of oxygen, nutrients, and fetal waste products between mother and FETUS. The process begins at FERTILIZATION, through the development of CYTOTROPHOBLASTS and SYNCYTIOTROPHOBLASTS, the formation of CHORIONIC VILLI, to the progressive increase in BLOOD VESSELS to support the growing fetus.
The systems and processes involved in the establishment, support, management, and operation of registers, e.g., disease registers.
Percutaneous transabdominal puncture of the uterus during pregnancy to obtain amniotic fluid. It is commonly used for fetal karyotype determination in order to diagnose abnormal fetal conditions.
The inability of the male to effect FERTILIZATION of an OVUM after a specified period of unprotected intercourse. Male sterility is permanent infertility.
Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.
The transmission of infectious disease or pathogens from one generation to another. It includes transmission in utero or intrapartum by exposure to blood and secretions, and postpartum exposure via breastfeeding.
Any drug treatment modality designed to inhibit UTERINE CONTRACTION. It is used in pregnant women to arrest PREMATURE LABOR.
Exposure of the male parent, human or animal, to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals that may affect offspring.
Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
The lengths of intervals between births to women in the population.
The fusion of a spermatozoon (SPERMATOZOA) with an OVUM thus resulting in the formation of a ZYGOTE.
Trophoblastic hyperplasia associated with normal gestation, or molar pregnancy. It is characterized by the swelling of the CHORIONIC VILLI and elevated human CHORIONIC GONADOTROPIN. Hydatidiform moles or molar pregnancy may be categorized as complete or partial based on their gross morphology, histopathology, and karyotype.
Surgery performed on the pregnant woman for conditions associated with pregnancy, labor, or the puerperium. It does not include surgery of the newborn infant.
Tumors or cancer of the UTERUS.
Methanes substituted with three halogen atoms, which may be the same or different.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Polymicrobial, nonspecific vaginitis associated with positive cultures of Gardnerella vaginalis and other anaerobic organisms and a decrease in lactobacilli. It remains unclear whether the initial pathogenic event is caused by the growth of anaerobes or a primary decrease in lactobacilli.
The care of women and a fetus or newborn given before, during, and after delivery from the 28th week of gestation through the 7th day after delivery.
Specialized arterial vessels in the umbilical cord. They carry waste and deoxygenated blood from the FETUS to the mother via the PLACENTA. In humans, there are usually two umbilical arteries but sometimes one.
An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
The processes of milk secretion by the maternal MAMMARY GLANDS after PARTURITION. The proliferation of the mammary glandular tissue, milk synthesis, and milk expulsion or let down are regulated by the interactions of several hormones including ESTRADIOL; PROGESTERONE; PROLACTIN; and OXYTOCIN.
A prenatal ultrasonography measurement of the soft tissue behind the fetal neck. Either the translucent area below the skin in the back of the fetal neck (nuchal translucency) or the distance between occipital bone to the outer skin line (nuchal fold) is measured.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
Artificially induced UTERINE CONTRACTION. Generally, LABOR, OBSTETRIC is induced with the intent to cause delivery of the fetus and termination of pregnancy.
The reproductive organ (GONADS) in female animals. In vertebrates, the ovary contains two functional parts: the OVARIAN FOLLICLE for the production of female germ cells (OOGENESIS); and the endocrine cells (GRANULOSA CELLS; THECA CELLS; and LUTEAL CELLS) for the production of ESTROGENS and PROGESTERONE.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Extraction of the fetus by means of obstetrical instruments.
A demographic parameter indicating a person's status with respect to marriage, divorce, widowhood, singleness, etc.
Products in capsule, tablet or liquid form that provide dietary ingredients, and that are intended to be taken by mouth to increase the intake of nutrients. Dietary supplements can include macronutrients, such as proteins, carbohydrates, and fats; and/or MICRONUTRIENTS, such as VITAMINS; MINERALS; and PHYTOCHEMICALS.
State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.
Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.
Compounds which increase the capacity to conceive in females.
Organized services to provide health care to expectant and nursing mothers.
A product of the PLACENTA, and DECIDUA, secreted into the maternal circulation during PREGNANCY. It has been identified as an IGF binding protein (IGFBP)-4 protease that proteolyzes IGFBP-4 and thus increases IGF bioavailability. It is found also in human FIBROBLASTS, ovarian FOLLICULAR FLUID, and GRANULOSA CELLS. The enzyme is a heterotetramer of about 500-kDa.
A nonreassuring fetal status (NRFS) indicating that the FETUS is compromised (American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists 1988). It can be identified by sub-optimal values in FETAL HEART RATE; oxygenation of FETAL BLOOD; and other parameters.
The threadlike, vascular projections of the chorion. Chorionic villi may be free or embedded within the DECIDUA forming the site for exchange of substances between fetal and maternal blood (PLACENTA).
A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.
A chromosome disorder associated either with an extra chromosome 21 or an effective trisomy for chromosome 21. Clinical manifestations include hypotonia, short stature, brachycephaly, upslanting palpebral fissures, epicanthus, Brushfield spots on the iris, protruding tongue, small ears, short, broad hands, fifth finger clinodactyly, Simian crease, and moderate to severe INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY. Cardiac and gastrointestinal malformations, a marked increase in the incidence of LEUKEMIA, and the early onset of ALZHEIMER DISEASE are also associated with this condition. Pathologic features include the development of NEUROFIBRILLARY TANGLES in neurons and the deposition of AMYLOID BETA-PROTEIN, similar to the pathology of ALZHEIMER DISEASE. (Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p213)
The part of a human or animal body connecting the HEAD to the rest of the body.
A post-MORULA preimplantation mammalian embryo that develops from a 32-cell stage into a fluid-filled hollow ball of over a hundred cells. A blastocyst has two distinctive tissues. The outer layer of trophoblasts gives rise to extra-embryonic tissues. The inner cell mass gives rise to the embryonic disc and eventual embryo proper.
Pathological processes involving the PERIODONTIUM including the gum (GINGIVA), the alveolar bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS), the DENTAL CEMENTUM, and the PERIODONTAL LIGAMENT.
Early pregnancy loss during the EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN stage of development. In the human, this period comprises the second through eighth week after fertilization.
The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
Essential dietary elements or organic compounds that are required in only small quantities for normal physiologic processes to occur.
The 17-beta-isomer of estradiol, an aromatized C18 steroid with hydroxyl group at 3-beta- and 17-beta-position. Estradiol-17-beta is the most potent form of mammalian estrogenic steroids.
Procedures to obtain viable OOCYTES from the host. Oocytes most often are collected by needle aspiration from OVARIAN FOLLICLES before OVULATION.
Failure of the PLACENTA to deliver an adequate supply of nutrients and OXYGEN to the FETUS.
Incompetent UTERINE CERVIX is usually diagnosed in the second trimester of PREGNANCY. It is characterized by passive painless cervical dilation in the absence of UTERINE CONTRACTION; BLEEDING; INFECTION; and sometimes with the amniotic sac (AMNIOTIC MEMBRANE) bulging through the partially dilated cervix. Left untreated, this condition may lead to premature pregnancy loss, such as HABITUAL ABORTION.

Obstetric and neonatal outcome following chronic hypertension in pregnancy among different ethnic groups. (1/5648)

We retrospectively studied pre-eclampsia rate and obstetric outcome in a cohort of 436 pregnancies amongst 318 women of different ethnic backgrounds attending an antenatal hypertension clinic from 1980-1997, identifying 152 women (213 pregnancies) with chronic essential hypertension. The ethnic breakdown was: White, 64 (30.0%) pregnancies in 48 (31.5%) women; Black/Afro-Caribbean, 79 (37.1%) pregnancies in 56 (36.8%) women; and Indo-Asians, 70 (32.3%) pregnancies in 48 (31.6%) women. The prevalences of pre-eclampsia in White, Black and Indo-Asian women were 17.2%, 12.7% and 18.6%, respectively (p = 0.58). Pregnancies of Indo-Asian women were of shorter gestation, and babies in this group also had lower birth weight and ponderal index compared to those of White and Black women (all p < 0.05). The proportions of overall perinatal mortality were 1.6% for Whites (1/64), 3.8% for Blacks (3/79) and 10.0% for Indo-Asians (7/70), suggesting increased risk in the Indo-Asian group. Indo-Asian women with chronic essential hypertension need careful antenatal care and observation during pregnancy.  (+info)

Endocrine biomarkers of early fetal loss in cynomolgus macaques (Macaca fascicularis) following exposure to dioxin. (2/5648)

This study examines the endocrine alterations associated with early fetal loss (EFL) induced by an environmental toxin, TCDD (2,3,7, 8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin), in the cynomolgus macaque, a well-documented reproductive/developmental model for humans. Females were administered single doses of 1, 2, and 4 microgram/kg TCDD (n = 4 per dose group) on gestational day (GD) 12. Urinary estrogen metabolites (estrone conjugates) were monitored to establish the day of ovulation, and serum hormones (estradiol, progesterone, chorionic gonadotropin, relaxin) were measured to assess ovarian and placental endocrine status before and after treatment. EFL occurred between GDs 22 and 32 in 10 of the 12 animals treated with TCDD. The primary endocrine alterations associated with TCDD treatment were significant decreases in serum estradiol and bioactive chorionic gonadotropin concentrations (p < 0.02). Less pronounced decreases in serum progesterone (p = 0.10) and relaxin (p < 0.08) also followed TCDD treatment. In contrast, immunoreactive chorionic gonadotropin concentrations were not reduced by TCDD exposure at any level, indicating that TCDD targets specific components of the chorionic gonadotropin synthesis machinery within the trophoblast to alter the functional capacity of the hormone. These data demonstrate the value of endocrine biomarkers in identifying a toxic exposure to primate pregnancy many days before direct signs of reproductive toxicity were apparent. The increased EFL that occurred after exposure to TCDD might reflect a toxic response initially mediated via endocrine imbalance, leading to placental insufficiency, compromised embryonic circulation, and subsequent EFL.  (+info)

Outcome of pregnancy in women with congenital shunt lesions. (3/5648)

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcome of pregnancy in women with congenital shunt lesions. SETTING: Retrospective study in a tertiary care centre. METHODS: Pregnancy history was obtained by a standardised questionnaire and medical records were reviewed. PATIENTS: 175 women were identified, at a mean (SD) age of 42 (14) years. Pregnancies occurred in 126 women: 50 with an atrial septal defect, 22 with a ventricular septal defect, 22 with an atrioventricular septal defect, 19 with tetralogy of Fallot, and 13 with other complex shunt lesions. RESULTS: 309 pregnancies were reported by 126 woman (2.5 (1.6) pregnancies per woman). The shortening fraction of the systemic ventricle was 40 (8)%, and 98% were in New York Heart Association class I-II at last follow up. Spontaneous abortions occurred in 17% of pregnancies (abortion rate, 0.4 (0.9) per woman). Gestational age of the 241 newborn infants was 8.8 (0.8) months. There were no maternal deaths related to pregnancy. Pre-eclampsia and embolic events were observed in 1.3% and 0.6%, respectively of all pregnancies. Women with complex shunt lesions more often underwent caesarean section (70% v 15-30%, p = 0.005) and gave birth to smaller babies for equivalent gestation (2577 (671) g v 3016 (572) to 3207 (610) g, p < 0.05). The recurrence risk of congenital heart disease was 2.5%. CONCLUSIONS: The outcome of pregnancy is favourable in women with congenital shunt lesions if their functional class and their systolic ventricular function are good. Such patients can be reassured.  (+info)

Pregnancy after atrial repair for transposition of the great arteries. (4/5648)

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the risk of pregnancy in patients with transposition of the great arteries (TGA) who have undergone atrial repair. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis (1962-94) of 342 TGA patients who underwent atrial repair. Of 231 known late survivors, 48 were women over 18 years old who were interviewed about possible reproductive plans and previous pregnancies. As a control, comparison was made with data of 57 500 women (mean age 26 years) obtained from the Swiss Statistical Bank in Bern. RESULTS: Mean follow up was 13.7 years; 66% remained asymptomatic, 29% had mild to moderate cardiac symptoms, and 5% suffered from severe cardiac symptoms (New York Heart Association grade III-IV). Thirty six of the 48 women wished to bear children and, to date, there have been 10 live births, two spontaneous first trimester abortions, and one induced abortion at 16 weeks. During pregnancy there was one case of cardiac deterioration and two cases of pneumonia. There was no evidence of congenital heart disease in the children. CONCLUSIONS: In this relatively small series the completion of pregnancy in women with TGA who had undergone atrial repair and who had normal functional cardiac status was uncomplicated  (+info)

Effect of the interval between pregnancies on perinatal outcomes. (5/5648)

BACKGROUND: A short interval between pregnancies has been associated with adverse perinatal outcomes. Whether that association is due to confounding by other risk factors, such as maternal age, socioeconomic status, and reproductive history, is unknown. METHODS: We evaluated the interpregnancy interval in relation to low birth weight, preterm birth, and small size for gestational age by analyzing data from the birth certificates of 173,205 singleton infants born alive to multiparous mothers in Utah from 1989 to 1996. RESULTS: Infants conceived 18 to 23 months after a previous live birth had the lowest risks of adverse perinatal outcomes; shorter and longer interpregnancy intervals were associated with higher risks. These associations persisted when the data were stratified according to and controlled for 16 biologic, sociodemographic, and behavioral risk factors. As compared with infants conceived 18 to 23 months after a live birth, infants conceived less than 6 months after a live birth had odds ratios of 1.4 (95 percent confidence interval, 1.3 to 1.6) for low birth weight, 1.4 (95 percent confidence interval, 1.3 to 1.5) for preterm birth, and 1.3 (95 percent confidence interval, 1.2 to 1.4) for small size for gestational age; infants conceived 120 months or more after a live birth had odds ratios of 2.0 (95 percent confidence interval, 1.7 to 2.4);1.5 (95 percent confidence interval, 1.3 to 1.7), and 1.8 (95 percent confidence interval, 1.6 to 2.0) for these three adverse outcomes, respectively, when we controlled for all 16 risk factors with logistic regression. CONCLUSIONS: The optimal interpregnancy interval for preventing adverse perinatal outcomes is 18 to 23 months.  (+info)

Fetal growth rate and adverse perinatal events. (6/5648)

OBJECTIVE: To study fetal weight gain and its association with adverse perinatal events in a serially scanned high-risk population. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 200 pregnant women considered at increased risk of uteroplacental insufficiency had a total of 1140 scans in the third trimester, with a median of six scans in each pregnancy. The average fetal growth rate was retrospectively calculated for the last 6 weeks to birth, and expressed as daily weight gain in grams per day. Adverse pregnancy outcome was defined as operative delivery for fetal distress, acidotic umbilical artery pH (< 7.15), or admission to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). RESULTS: Fetuses with normal outcome in this high-risk pregnancy population had an average antenatal growth rate of 24.2 g/day. Compared to pregnancies with normal outcome, the growth rate was slower in those that required operative delivery for fetal distress (20.9 g/day, p < 0.05) and those that required admission to the NICU (20.3 g/day, p < 0.05). The growth rate in pregnancies resulting in acidotic umbilical artery pH also seemed lower, but this did not reach statistical significance. CONCLUSIONS: Impaired fetal weight gain prior to birth is associated with adverse perinatal events suggestive of growth failure.  (+info)

Serum progesterone in predicting pregnancy outcome after assisted reproductive technology. (7/5648)

PURPOSE: Our purpose was to determine whether serum progesterone predicts pregnancy outcome after superovulation. METHODS: One hundred twenty-three consecutively pregnant patients were divided into three groups: group I, 55 patients following superovulation for assisted reproductive technologies; group II, 23 patients after correction of oligoovulation; and group III, 45 patients who conceived spontaneously. When beta-human chorionic gonadotropin was positive, progesterone was measured on the same serum sample. A serum progesterone level of 45 microns/L was set to differentiate between nonviable pregnancy and ongoing pregnancy. RESULTS: In group I, zero (0%) of 38 ongoing pregnancies and 10 (59%) of 17 nonviable pregnancies were observed with a progesterone level of < 45 microns/L [14.2 ng/ml (P < 0.001)]. In group II, 4 (27%) of 15 ongoing pregnancies and 5 (63%) of 8 nonviable pregnancies had a progesterone level of < 45 microns/L (P = NS). In group III, 10 (42%) of 24 ongoing pregnancies and 15 (71%) of 21 nonviable pregnancies were observed with a progesterone level of < 45 microns/L (14.2 ng/ml) (P = NS). CONCLUSIONS: A serum progesterone level of < 45 nM predicts nonviable pregnancy after superovulation for assisted reproductive technology.  (+info)

Autologous endometrial co-culture in patients with repeated failures of implantation after in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer. (8/5648)

PURPOSE: Our purpose was to evaluate the effect of coculture on preembryo development and clinical outcome. METHODS: Enrolled patients underwent a luteal-phase endometrial biopsy. The tissue was then enzymatically digested (collagenase) and the stromal and glandular cells were separated by differential sedimentation rates. These cells were cultured to confluence, released, and then cryopreserved until the patient's in vitro fertilization (IVF)-embryo transfer (ET) cycle. All normally fertilized oocytes were then placed on the co-cultured cells until transfer on day 3. Preembryo development on co-culture was compared to that in the patient's noncocultured previous cycle. Implantation and clinical pregnancy rates were compared to those in a control group of patients undergoing IVF during the study period who were matched for age, stimulation protocol, number of oocytes retrieved, and preembryos transferred. RESULTS: Twenty-nine women underwent 31 cycles of IVF-ET. On day 3 the overall mean number of blastomeres per preembryo on co-culture compared to that in the patient's previous cycle was 6.3 +/- 1.8 vs. 5.6 +/- 1.2 (P = 0.04). The average percentage of cytoplasmic fragments on co-culture compared to the previous cycle was 16 +/- 9% vs. 19 +/- 9% (P = 0.32). At transfer, after preembryo selection, the mean number of blastomeres per preembryo on co-culture compared to that in the patient's previous cycle was 6.8 +/- 1.6 vs. 6.6 +/- 1.3 (P = 0.5). The implantation and clinical pregnancy rates between co-culture and the matched control group were 15% (14/93) vs. 13% (16/124) (P = 0.79) and 29% (9/31) vs. 25% (10/40) (P = 0.45). CONCLUSIONS: There was a significant improvement in the average number of blastomeres per preembryo on co-culture compared to that in the patient's previous noncoculture cycle. The overall implantation and clinical pregnancy rates between co-culture and a matched control group were not significantly different.  (+info)

Background/Purpose: Autoimmune conditions are associated with an increased risk of adverse pregnancy complications and outcomes, suggesting that pregnancy complications may mediate the excess risk. We performed a causal mediation analysis to quantify the mediated effects of autoimmune conditions on adverse pregnancy outcomes.. Methods: We queried a retrospective California birth cohort created from linked birth certificates and hospital discharge summaries. From 2,963,888 births, we identified women with rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, psoriasis and inflammatory bowel disease. Pregnancy complications included preeclampsia/hypertension, gestational diabetes and infection in pregnancy. Adverse pregnancy outcomes were preterm birth, cesarean delivery and small for gestational age. We performed a causal mediation analysis to estimate the total effects of each autoimmune condition and adverse pregnancy outcome, and the indirect effects of each pregnancy complication.. Results: ...
How to Cite: Tennakoon, V., Weerasekera, D.S. and Yasawardene, S.G., 2012. Successful pregnancy outcomes following in-vitro fertilization in infertile couples with high levels of antisperm antibodies. Sri Lanka Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 32(2), pp.47-48. DOI: ...
To study the association between peri-conceptional A1C and serious adverse pregnancy outcome (congenital malformations and perinatal mortality ...
|jats:p||jats:italic|Objectives|/jats:italic|. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) was believed to have minimal impact on pregnancy outcomes apart from the risk of perinatal transmission. In more recent years, there have been reports of adverse associations, most consistently preterm birth (PTB), but this is in the context of high rates of caesarean section. The aim of this study was to explore the association of HBV on pregnancy outcomes in marginalized, low-income populations on the Myanmar-Thailand border.|jats:italic| Methods|/jats:italic|. HBsAg positive (+) point of care rapid detection tests results were confirmed by immunoassays. Women with a confirmed HBsAg status, HIV- and syphilis-negative at first antenatal care screening, singleton fetus and known pregnancy outcome (Aug-2012 to Dec-2016) were included. Logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate associations between HBV group (controls HBsAg negative, HBsAg+/HBeAg-, or HBsAg+/HBeAg+) and pregnancy outcome and comorbidity.|jats:italic| Results|
The purpose of this study was to compare pregnancy outcomes for teenagers who received prenatal care at a teen-only health clinic versus pregnancy outcomes for teenagers who received prenatal care at a traditional obstetrical/gynecological clinic. In addition, this study explored the relationship between maternal demographic characteristics and pregnancy outcomes. Data were collected through retrospective chart reviews for a total sample of 60 cases (30 from the teen-only clinic and 30 from the traditional clinic). Inclusion criteria were 1) female who was between the age of 1 0 and 19 years when she presented for prenatal care, 2) at least 8 weeks post-partum at the time of the study, 3) prenatal records available in the chart, and 4) delivery record available in the chart. Data on pregnancy outcomes included maternal total weight gain, maternal body mass index, number of weeks at start of prenatal care, number of prenatal appointments attended, post-partum appointment attendance, ...
Although the general statistical advice is to keep continuous exposure variables as continuous in statistical analyses, categorisation is still a common approach in medical research. In a recent paper from the Hyperglycaemia and Adverse Pregnancy Outcome (HAPO) Study, categorisation of body mass index (BMI) was used when analysing the effect of BMI on adverse pregnancy outcomes. The lowest category, labelled underweight, was used as the reference category. The present paper gives a summary of reasons for categorisation and methodological drawbacks of this approach. We also discuss the choice of reference category and alternative analyses. We exemplify our arguments by a reanalysis of results from the HAPO paper. Categorisation of continuous exposure data results in loss of power and other methodological challenges. An unfortunate choice of reference category can give additional lack of precision and obscure the interpretation of risk estimates. A highlighted odds ratio (OR) in the HAPO study is the OR
TY - JOUR. T1 - A description of the methods of the Nulliparous Pregnancy Outcomes Study. T2 - Monitoring mothers-to-be (nuMoM2b). AU - Haas, David. AU - Parker, Corette B.. AU - Wing, Deborah A.. AU - Parry, Samuel. AU - Grobman, William A.. AU - Mercer, Brian M.. AU - Simhan, Hyagriv N.. AU - Hoffman, Matthew K.. AU - Silver, Robert M.. AU - Wadhwa, Pathik. AU - Iams, Jay D.. AU - Koch, Matthew A.. AU - Caritis, Steve N.. AU - Wapner, Ronald J.. AU - Esplin, M. Sean. AU - Elovitz, Michal A.. AU - Foroud, Tatiana. AU - Peaceman, Alan M.. AU - Saade, George R.. AU - Willinger, Marian. AU - Reddy, Uma M.. PY - 2015/4/1. Y1 - 2015/4/1. N2 - Objective The primary aim of the Nulliparous Pregnancy Outcomes Study: monitoring mothers-to-be is to determine maternal characteristics, which include genetic, physiologic response to pregnancy, and environmental factors that predict adverse pregnancy outcomes. Study Design Nulliparous women in the first trimester of pregnancy were recruited into an ...
There are two very common concerns for couples that are considering in vitro fertilization: Unhealthy embryos result in failed pregnancies, which can lead to frustration, extra cost and even depression for IVF couples and multiple embryo transplants increase the risk of complications for both mother and baby. With more and more couples seeking out the assistance of in vitro fertilization to achieve pregnancy, researchers have been looking for more ways to help improve the outcomes of those pregnancies. A new technology known as Eeva (Early Embryo Viability Assessment) may soon help with both of these concerns.. The new technology, shared by a team of investigators at the Pacific Fertility Center (USA) and at the Hewitt Fertility Center in Liverpool (UK) at Fertility 2013, will hopefully result in more favorable pregnancy outcomes and reduce the requirement to move more than one embryo at a time into the womb. This would reduce the number of multiple pregnancies, which have been cited as one of ...
The haemodynamic changes of pregnancy can have a negative impact on maternal cardiac health, especially in women with pre-existing cardiac disease. In the most recent Confidential Inquiries into Maternal Mortality in the United Kingdom, heart disease was found to be the most common indirect cause of maternal death during pregnancy.1 Pregnancy counselling and management for women with heart disease is being increasingly recognized as an important aspect of their overall cardiac care. With increasing awareness, there has been a growing body of research focused on pregnancy outcomes and risk stratification. There have also been new initiatives to improve clinical care, such as the 2011 European Society of Cardiology (ESC) guidelines on the management of cardiovascular disease during pregnancy.2 While our current understanding of pregnancy risk assessment and management has improved over the past 20 years, many questions can only be answered by collaborative efforts. ...
Objective: To test the hypothesis that women screened for psychosocial factors, including partner abuse, as recommended by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists would have higher neonatal birth weight, longer gestational age at delivery, higher Apgar scores, and fewer maternal complications. Methods: We evaluated a universal psychosocial screening intervention using a retrospective cohort (n=881 prenatal care patients). Pregnancy outcomes among patients screened beginning in 2008 (n=464) were compared with outcomes among women receiving care before universal screening was implemented (n=417). Data were obtained from medical records between 2007 and 2009. Multivariable logistic regression and analysis of covariance were used to estimate the association between screening and pregnancy outcomes among singleton births adjusting for confounders (prior preterm births, insurance, and mode of delivery). Results: Screened women were less likely than women not universally screened to have low
Results: There was a statistically significant association between exposure to physical violence during pregnancy and preterm birth (PTB) or low birth weight (LBW). After adjustment for age, education, occupation, body mass index (BMI), haemoglobin level, previous adverse pregnancy outcomes, the pregnant women who were exposed to physical violence during pregnancy were five times more likely to have PTB (AOR = 5.5; 95%CI: 2.1-14.1) and were nearly six times more likely to give birth to a child of LBW (AOR = 5.7; 95%CI: 2.2-14.9) as compared to those who were not exposed to physical violence ...
The existing research on pregnancy outcomes for women with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) is sparse. This study analyzed the 2010 Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Nationwide Inpatient Sample and compared deliveries among women with IDD (n = 340) to the general obstetric population. Women with IDD had longer hospital stays and were more likely to have Caesarean deliveries in contrast to other women. Rates of adverse pregnancy outcomes were elevated for women with IDD across a range of measures, including early labor, preterm birth, and preeclampsia, and their infants were more likely to have low birth weight, even after adjusting for age, race, ethnicity, and insurance type. Targeted interventions are needed to address these deleterious outcomes.
Abstract Background: Household air pollution (HAP) exposure has been linked to adverse pregnancy outcomes. Objectives: A randomized controlled trial was undertaken in Ibadan, Nigeria to determine the impact of cooking with ethanol on pregnancy outcomes. Methods: Three-hundred-twenty-four pregnant women were randomized to either the control (continued cooking using kerosene/firewood stove, n = 162) or intervention group (received ethanol stove, n = 162). Primary outcome variables were birthweight, preterm delivery, intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), and occurrence of miscarriage/stillbirth. Results: Mean birthweights for ethanol and controls were 3076 and 2988 g, respectively; the difference, 88 g, (95% confidence interval: − 18 g to 194 g), was not statistically significant (p = 0.10). After adjusting for covariates, the difference reached significance (p = 0.020). Rates of preterm delivery were 6.7% (ethanol) and 11.0% (control), (p = 0.22). Number of miscarriages was 1(ethanol) vs. 4 ...
NIH Funding Opportunities and Notices in the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts: Pregnancy as a Window to Future Cardiovascular Health: Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes as Predictors of Increased Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease (U10) NOT-HL-12-154. NHLBI
Adverse pregnancy outcomes (APOs)-including pre-term birth, pre-eclampsia, and intrauterine growth restriction-are common interrelated disorders caused by placental dysfunction and maternal vascular abnormalities (endothelial activation, inflammation, and vasospasm) that occur in approximately 10% to 20% of pregnancies. Women who experience APOs are at increased risk for future cardiovascular disease (CVD). APOs are associated with increased risk of development of hypertension, left ventricular hypertrophy/dysfunction, vascular dysfunction, and renal dysfunction. The vascular abnormalities that are present during an APO also underlie common, difficult-to-treat forms of CVD in women as they age (e.g., cardiac microvascular dysfunction, heart failure with preserved ejection fraction), suggesting shared mechanistic pathways for APOs and CVD. Here, the authors synthesize the current information and knowledge gaps regarding the progression from APO to CVD. Understanding the risk factors for and ...
Inkster , M E , Fahey , T P , Donnan , P T , Leese , G P , Mires , G J & Murphy , D J 2006 , Poor glycated haemoglobin control and adverse pregnancy outcomes in type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus : systematic review of observational studies , BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth , vol. 6 , 30 . ...
Comparison of adverse pregnancy outcome between teenage and adult women at a tertiary hospital in South Africa., ME Hoque, OA Towobola, TJ Mashamba, T Mono
In this study, women with AS showed higher risk for CS than those without AS, but other maternal and foetal outcomes were comparable, including LBW, after adjusting for the number of foetuses.. The results of the present study are in line with the aforementioned studies of AS and pregnancy. The previous retrospective case-control study with 20 pregnant women with AS demonstrated that pregnancy outcome of patients with AS was not different from that of healthy control subjects, except for older maternal age and higher rate of female foetuses in women with AS [17]. In addition, in the retrospective study involving 12 pregnant women with AS, pregnancy outcome was not significantly affected by the disease [18]. Similarly, a retrospective study including a cohort of 939 patients from the AS International Federation Societies in USA, Canada and Europe showed favourable pregnancy and neonatal outcomes in women with AS [19]. However, a recent nationwide population-based case-control study in Sweden was ...
Childcare providers are overwhelmingly women of childbearing age. Occupational risks in this sector include exposure to biological (infectious) or physical (standing, carrying loads) hazards, many of which are associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes such as children with congenital...
Introduction: Although numerous studies have depicted the association between adverse pregnancy outcomes and the future fertility status, this relationship has not b...
This study aims at investigating the effects of maternal depressive symptomatology on pregnancy outcomes and newborn development. How paternal psychopathology is involved in the association will also be explored. This is a three-year prospective cohort study. Three versions of questionnaires (the mother, the father, and the infant) will be developed first. For parents, data on self-reported symptomatology such as depression, anxiety, and stress will be collected, while for infants, maternal report on newborn development will be measured. Then, two medical centers and two regional hospitals will be selected. All pregnant women who undergo a first-trimester prenatal visit, who plan to carry the baby till term, and whose spouse is also willing to participate will be invited to join our study. We expect to recruit a total of 194 pairs of depressive mothers and her spouses and 278 pairs of non-depressive mothers and her spouses in our study. After the informed consent is obtained, one baseline ...
Periodontitis and Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes Oral Health and General Health - What are the Connections? Continuing Education Course
Despite large numbers of asylum seekers, there is a lack of evidence on pregnancy outcomes and obstetric care of asylum seeking women in Germany. Cross-sectional study (2010-2016) using administrative data of the main referral hospital for pregnant asylum seekers of the reception center of a large federal state in South Germany. Inclusion criteria: women aged 12-50 years, admitted in relation to pregnancy, childbirth or post-partum complications. Outcomes: differences between asylum seekers and residents in the prevalence of high-risk pregnancy conditions, abortive outcomes/stillbirths, peri- and postnatal maternal complications, neonatal complications, and caesarean sections. Analysis: odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) obtained by single and multiple logistic regression analysis. Attributable fractions among the exposed (Afe) and among the total population (Afp) were calculated for selected outcomes. Of 19,864 women admitted in relation to pregnancy, childbirth or post-partum
The study showed that the risk of premature birth, microcephaly, and hyperemesis was higher for women with ED of any type. Any form of ED increased the risk of premature delivery with the highest risk for women with anorexia nervosa (60%), followed by unspecified ED (40%) and bulimia (40%). The risk of very preterm birth was highest in bulimia, at 70%, but all three subtypes had a 70% to 90% increased risk of induced preterm birth for medical reasons rather than spontaneous preterm birth ...
Atul Kumar Singh, Anurag Srivastava, M Dabral, SB Gupta.Assessment of the effect of Antenatal checkups and IFA supplementation on pregnancy outcome.NATIONAL JOURNAL OF MEDICAL AND ALLIED SCIENCES 2012;1(1):6-10 ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Clustering of U.S. women receiving no prenatal care. T2 - Differences in pregnancy outcomes and implications for targeting interventions. AU - Taylor, Cathy R.. AU - Alexander, Greg R.. AU - Hepworth, Joseph T.. PY - 2005/6/1. Y1 - 2005/6/1. N2 - Objectives: Prenatal care is an established mechanism for identifying and managing risk factors impacting pregnancy outcomes. Despite aggressive efforts in the United States (US) to assure that all women begin care in the first trimester, every year about 70,000 women in the US receive no care prior to delivery. We hypothesized that US women receiving no prenatal care comprise clusters (subgroups) with distinctive behavioral, socio-demographic, and medical risks and that birth outcomes differ among the clusters. Methods: White, Black, and Hispanic women (n= 126,220) receiving no prenatal care and delivering a live, singleton infant were identified from linked birth and death certificates for years 1995 through 1997. Cluster analysis was ...
HSS releases study findings regarding women with lupus and good pregnancy outcomes., Pioneering Study Finds Most Women with Lupus can Have Good Pregnancy Outcomes, Identifies Risk Factors Linked to Poor Outcomes
Promising research led by investigators at Hospital for Special Surgery may offer hope for women with lupus who once thought that pregnancy was too risky.
Many studies have investigated factors, often in relative isolation from confounders, and usually in association with adverse pregnancy outcome. We are not aware of any studies using a similar approach to that employed in the present study. Previous evidence of an association between a factor and adverse outcome cannot be extrapolated to indicate that the same variable reduces the likelihood of an uncomplicated pregnancy, but it may support biological plausibility. For example, (lower) maternal age was not included in the final list of variables associated with uncomplicated pregnancy in our study, despite many studies linking advanced maternal age to adverse pregnancy outcomes.14 15 Although it might seem intuitive that improvable factors related to diet, blood pressure, heart rate, weight, and smoking would predict uncomplicated pregnancy, the evidence from well conducted prospective cohort studies has been lacking to date.. The association between obesity and adverse perinatal outcome has ...
Adverse birth outcomes are associated with infant morbidity and mortality and with an increased likelihood of type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease in adulthood. Socioeconomic status (SES) is one of the most reliable predictors of health disparities, and although the association between SES and birth outcomes has been studied previously, this is, to our knowledge, the first review that encompasses several dimensions of SES and their influence on birth outcomes in a single article. Our review indicates that education, income, neighbourhood SES, and occupation ...
I always say its never over til the fat lady sings. But that doesnt mean I cant see that fat lady getting ready to get on stage...I can also hear her warming up, running through a few scales too. So, my suspicions were pretty much confirmed about why I didnt get my results yesterday. My results were…
99768 avhandlingar från svenska högskolor och universitet. Avhandling: Folate, Hormones and Infertility Different factors affecting IVF pregnancy outcome.
While antiretroviral therapy in pregnancy reduced vertical transmission, it also increased the frequency of several adverse birth outcomes compared with ...
Being on PrEP does not reduce male fertility or subsequent pregnancy outcomes, according to a new study, which also saw high adherence rates....
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Another cool fact. Your first twins ultrasound is usually achieved at about 12 weeks; you might have a ;re-pregnancy earlier for various reasons one being to verify gestation. The primary 13 weeks are often called the First Trimester. These being pregnant tests are very sensitive and really accurate, a positive take a look at means you are definitely childbirth educator certification canada. Be sure to talk to your healthcare provider pregnancyy the possible uncomfortable side effects and complications of the kind of process youll have. i am precisely the identical i am 17 weeks tmoz imporve im hardly displaying, am undecided if i have observed a distinction in my breats both sounds mad however i am small chested. I had these for bout 2 weeks now and when I do bleed its gentle. Participation on this website by a party does pre-pregnancy nutrition can improve pregnancy outcomes imply endorsement of another social gatherings content, merchandise, or ...
Pregnancy outcomes are improving among women with systemic lupus erythematosus but are still worse than those of women without the condition.
In an earlier publication, it was shown that consumption of tapwater during the first trimester of pregnancy was associated with a risk of spontaneous abortion among women who attended three prenatal clinics located in northern California between September 1981 and June 1982. Evidence for biased recall was presented. This report demonstrates that the association is limited to women interviewed by telephone and is not observed among those who completed a mail questionnaire. The possibility that the association among women interviewed by telephone is causal and that the lack of association among mail respondents is due to bias, confounding, or apparently chance fluctuations is shown to be unlikely. For instance, the probability is low that, among mail respondents, cases underreported exposure as compared with controls or that random errors were common enough to camouflage a true effect. Demographic differences between mail and telephone respondents also do not explain the results. Interviewers ...
As the authors acknowledge, information about disease activity, which is a key variable in the equation of the choice of therapy and outcomes of mother and child, was not recorded; further commentary regarding its impact on the different outcomes of the groups is merited. It is reasonable to hypothesize that patients may be receiving a thiopurine owing to more severe disease, and that this disease severity may also affect pregnancy outcomes. In fact, what was not measured may count as much as what was accounted for in the cohort. Disease activity has been related to birth outcomes and is a factor in therapy choice, and thus a confounder, by definition, of the differences found between the groups. Therefore, the lack of a difference in pregnancy and fetal outcomes in the three groups of patients with IBD does not necessarily mean that thiopurines are not independently associated with adverse outcomes. However, one would suspect that women with more severe disease activity would be in one of the ...
Pregnancy outcome and weight gain recommendations for the morbidly obese woman. Obstet Gynecol. 1998 Jan;91(1):97-102.Click here to read
Handler, A. and Rosenberg, D. (1992), Improving Pregnancy Outcomes: Public Versus Private Care for Urban, Low-Income Women. Birth, 19: 123-130. doi: 10.1111/j.1523-536X.1992.tb00669.x ...
Communications Director, AgriSafe Network. Pregnancy and fertility are often not considered when women assume farm tasks. Pesticide and other chemical exposures, zoonotic diseases and heavy lifting particularly during childbearing years, present challenges. ...
Pathak, Sangeeta (2010) Morphological and histological placental characteristics in relation to pregnancy outcome in an unselected population. Doctoral thesis, University of East Anglia. ...
Background: Imprisoned pregnant women constitute an important obstetric group about whom relatively little is known. This systematic review was conducted to identify the risk factors associated with adverse pregnancy outcome present in this group of women. Methods: The review was conducted according
A study led by Hospital for Special Surgery researchers has demonstrated that women who have a specific type of antibody that interferes with blood vessel function are at risk for adverse pregnancy outcomes and that other ...
SYDNEY, AUSTRALIA - Women at high risk of early preeclampsia who show signs of abnormal hemodynamic function earlier in pregnancy may be more likely to have adverse pregnancy outcomes, new data suggest.
(2013) Edvardsson et al. BMC Public Health. BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity in pregnancy increase the risk of several adverse pregnancy outcomes. However, both mothers and fathers health play an important role for long-term health outco...
Irish drugs and alcohol research, data, policy and sources of evidence on prevention, treatment, rehabilitation, crime and consequences.
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Background: Placental malaria (PM) causes adverse pregnancy outcomes in the mother and her foetus. It is difficult to study PM directly in humans due to ethical challenges. This study set out to bridge this gap by determining ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Pregnancy outcomes following placement of elective, urgent and emergent cerclage. AU - Nelson, Latasha. AU - Dola, Thao. AU - Tran, Thuc. AU - Carter, Margaret. AU - Luu, Henry. AU - Dola, Chi. PY - 2009/11/9. Y1 - 2009/11/9. N2 - Objective. To describe pregnancy outcomes following elective history-indicated, urgent ultrasound-indicated or emergent physical-exam indicated cerclage placement. Materials and Methods.Study design was retrospective chart review. Women with singleton gestation and cervical cerclage were categorised into: elective, urgent and emergent group. Results.One hundred and thirty-three women were included; 89 in elective, 26 in urgent and 18 in emergent group. Difference was detected when elective and urgent groups were compared with emergent group for: gestation at delivery 35.9 ± 5.1 vs. 34.2 ± 5.9 vs. 29.3 ± 7.2 weeks, respectively, P , 0.05, delivery beyond 36 weeks, 73.9, 57.7vs. 23.5, respectively, P , 0.05, neonatal death 6.8, 9.5vs. 43.8, ...
Periodontal diseases affect the majority of the population either as gingivitis or periodontitis. Recently there have been many studies that link or seek to find a relationship between periodontal disease and other systemic diseases including, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, stroke, and adverse pregnancy outcomes. For adverse pregnancy outcomes, the literature is inconclusive and the magnitude of the relationship between these 2 has not been fully decided. The goal of this paper is to review the literature regarding periodontal diseases and adverse pregnancy outcomes, and provide oral health care providers with resources to educate their patients. Alternatively, this paper will also discuss what is occurring to help increase the availability of care for pregnant women and what oral health care providers can do to help improve these issues.. ...
Gender is known to influence pregnancy outcomes. Recent studies have reported an association between air pollution exposure and adverse pregnancy outcomes, but gender differences have not been considered. In order to assess the current evidence of the interactive effects between gender and air pollution on pregnancy outcomes we undertook a systematic literature review. Using a comprehensive list of keywords, English language articles published between 1966 and 2005 were retrieved from major databases. Additional information on gender was obtained from the study authors. Studies were included if they contained well-defined measurements of ambient air pollutants, investigated pregnancy outcomes and reported estimates by gender. In total 11 studies were included. The quality of the studies was assessed using the framework in Systematic Reviews in Health Care Meta-analysis in context and Brackens Guidelines. Of the 11 studies, four evaluated low birth weight (LBW); one each evaluated very low birth ...
The Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) established the Nulliparous Pregnancy Outcomes Study: Monitoring Mothers-to-be (nuMoM2b) to study women for whom the current pregnancy will lead to their first delivery (nulliparas). About 40% of pregnant women in the United States are nulliparas. Because little or no information from previous pregnancy outcomes is available to guide assignment of risk or mitigating interventions, adverse pregnancy outcomes in nulliparas are especially unpredictable. The underlying mechanisms of adverse pregnancy outcomes such as preterm birth, preeclampsia, fetal growth restriction and stillbirth are interrelated and therefore will be evaluated as part of this study. The information gained will benefit women who are pregnant or who are considering pregnancy and their physicians. In addition, the knowledge will support future research aimed at improving care and health outcomes for a critical group of at-risk women who ...
Background: Smoking habit acts as the risk factor for Periodontal disease and Adverse pregnancy outcomes. Mild maternal smoking might also cause whopping adverse pregnancy outcomes. Lack of awareness in pregnant woman regarding the adverse outcome of pregnancy with maternal smoking is very common in developing countries like India. The objective of this study was to evaluate knowledge and awareness of south Indian pregnant female about maternal smoking and its association with adverse pregnancy outcomes. Materials and Methods: Multiple optioned 21 questionnaires was prepared with four categories i.e about smoking habit, stress levels, smoking effects on pregnancy outcomes, and discontinuing the habit. Maternal smoking also related with stress levels. Questionnaire forms were distributed to 440 pregnant patients who visited primary health centers in primary health care centers in several parts of south India. Answers were evaluated based on the current evidence available. Results: Most of the ...
Presently, the matter of pregnancy outcomes of patients with pregnancy related AKI (PR-AKI) were disputed. Thus, we conducted a meta-analysis to evaluate the impact of PR-AKI on pregnancy outcomes. We systematically searched MEDLINE, Embase, VIP, CNKI and Wanfang Databases for cohort or case-control studies in women with PR-AKI and those without AKI as a control group to assess the influence of PR-AKI on pregnancy outcomes and kidney outcome. Reduction of odd ratio (OR) was calculated by a random-effects model. One thousand one hundred fifty two articles were systematically reviewed, of those 11 studies were included, providing data of 845 pregnancies in 834 women with PR-AKI and 5387 pregnancies in 5334 women without AKI. In terms of maternal outcomes, women with PR-AKI had a greater likelihood of cesarean delivery (OR, 1.49; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.37 to 1.61), hemorrhage (1.26; 1.02 to 1.56), HELLP syndrome (1.86; 1.41 to 2.46), placental abruption (3.13; 1.96 to 5.02), DIC (3.41; 2.00 to 5
There is a growing number of studies on the association between ambient air pollution and adverse pregnancy outcomes, but their results have been inconsistent. Consequently, a comprehensive review of this research area is needed. There was a wide variability in studied pregnancy outcomes, observed gestational windows of exposure, observed ambient air pollutants, applied exposure assessment methods and statistical analysis methods Gestational duration, preterm birth, (low) birth weight, and small for gestational age/intrauterine growth restriction were most commonly investigated pregnancy outcomes. Gestational windows of exposure typically included were whole pregnancy period, 1st, 2nd, 3rd trimester, first and last gestational months. Preterm birth was the outcome most extensively studied across various gestational windows, especially at the beginning and at the end of pregnancy. Particulate matter, nitrogen dioxide, ozone, and carbon monoxide were the most commonly used markers of ambient air ...
There are two main situations where screening for the management of STI in pregnancy is an option for resource poor countries. This is because there are cheap screening tests available for the diagnosis of both maternal syphilis and HIV infection.. Given the impact maternal syphilis has on pregnancy outcome, screening and treatment of syphilis in pregnant women at least once during pregnancy should be performed. In most resource poor developing countries, the RPR test is the most common screening assay. This test is cheap and simple although, like other non-treponemal tests, it is susceptible to false positive reactions from other maternal infections or autoimmune disease. These include common conditions like pregnancy, infection, measles, and malaria. Biological false positive (BFP) reactions are common in malaria endemic areas and may account for up to 30% of reactive RPR tests.6 Although the CDC recommends screening at the first ANC visit and again in the third trimester in high prevalence ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Subsequent pregnancy outcomes in recurrent miscarriage patients with a paternal or maternal carrier of a structural chromosome rearrangement. AU - Sugiura-Ogasawara, Mayumi. AU - Aoki, Koji. AU - Fujii, Tomoyuki. AU - Fujita, Tomio. AU - Kawaguchi, Rie. AU - Maruyama, Tetsuo. AU - Ozawa, Nobuaki. AU - Sugi, Toshitaka. AU - Takeshita, Toshiyuki. AU - Saito, Shigeru. PY - 2008/7/1. Y1 - 2008/7/1. N2 - Information concerning the prognosis of subsequent pregnancies in patients with reciprocal translocations is limited. This study was performed to determine the percentage success rate with first pregnancies after ascertainment of a carrier status. A total of 2,382 couples with a history of two or more consecutive miscarriages were studied in multicenters. The prevalence of an abnormal chromosome in either partner was examined, and subsequent success rates were compared between cases with and without an abnormal karyotype in either partner. A total of 129 couples (5.4%) had an abnormal ...
The use of oocyte donation (OD) has increased continuously over the last three decades, and it is now an indispensable part of assisted reproductive technology (ART). With OD, it has become possible to overcome the biological barrier of ovarian follicle pool depletion and the general age-related decline in fertility. This review contains a thorough appraisal of the safety of OD with an analysis of short-term pregnancy outcomes. Salient up-to-date evidence was evaluated, which revealed that in comparison with both IVF with autologous oocytes, and naturally conceived pregnancies, there is: (i) an increased risk of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and preeclampsia; (ii) an increased risk of low birth weight and preterm birth and (iii) an increased risks of obstetric emergencies, following OD treatment. As a precaution, it is therefore highly encouraged to perform only single embryo transfer (SET) and to prescribe prophylactic low-dose aspirin during OD pregnancies. ...
Background/Purpose: Actually better control of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) activity leads to new interrogations and daily questions about pregnancy. Only few studies have studied pregnancy outcomes in women with RA, and results have shown some discrepancies. The objective is to determine the effect of Rheumatoid Arthritis on pregnancy outcomes, specially hypertension and preeclampsia, low birth weight, preterm birth, perinatal mortality, congenital malformation and cesarean section in women with Rheumatoid Arthritis Methods: A litterature search was performed from Medline and Cochrane databases for articles published in english from 1955 to May 2016. Studies were eligible if they presented prevalence study, including national birth registry. Population were women with Rheumatoid Arthritis and keys terms related to pregnancy outcomes. Meta-analysis were performed to assess odds-ratios (OR) for each studied group using the inverse variance approach to estimate pooled OR with their 95% confidence ...
We assessed the effects of physical activity on pregnancy outcome in 2741 Filipino women identified during pregnancy as part of a two-year longitudinal study. Specific elements of physical activity hypothesized to be relevant to pregnancy outcome were posture, energy expenditure, and physical stress. Variables were developed for nine household and 48 formal and informal economic activities. Analyses were stratified by whether the woman performed formal waged work outside of the home, income-related activity at home, or was economically inactive. Results show that traditional definitions of physical activity and work based on participation in the formal labour force ignore a sizeable amount of home economic production, as well as the physical demands of housework. We saw no difference in risk of low birthweight or preterm delivery in economically active compared to economically inactive women. However, we found that increased amounts of standing activity affected pregnancy outcome in certain ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Preconceptional cardiovascular health and pregnancy outcomes in women with systemic lupus erythematosus. AU - Eudy, Amanda M.. AU - Siega-Riz, Anna Maria. AU - Engel, Stephanie M.. AU - Franceschini, Nora. AU - Howard, Annie Green. AU - Clowse, Megan E.B.. AU - Petri, Michelle. PY - 2019/1/1. Y1 - 2019/1/1. N2 - Objective. To estimate the effects of preconceptional cardiovascular (CV) health, measured by American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines, on pregnancy outcomes in women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Methods. The study included patients in the Hopkins Lupus Pregnancy Cohort. Body mass index (BMI), total cholesterol, and blood pressure (BP) in the most recent clinic visit prior to conception or first trimester were used to determine CV health (ideal, intermediate, or poor health) based on AHA definitions. Outcomes included preterm birth, gestational age at birth, and small for gestational age (SGA). Multivariable linear and logistic regression models with ...
non viable pregnancy - MedHelps non viable pregnancy Center for Information, Symptoms, Resources, Treatments and Tools for non viable pregnancy. Find non viable pregnancy information, treatments for non viable pregnancy and non viable pregnancy symptoms.
Time-to-pregnancy (TTP) has never been studied in an African setting and there are no data on the rates of adverse pregnancy outcomes in South Africa. The study objectives were to measure TTP and the rates of adverse pregnancy outcomes in South Africa, and to determine the reliability of the questionnaire tool. The study was cross-sectional and applied systematic stratified sampling to obtain a representative sample of reproductive age women for a South African population. Data on socio-demographic, work, health and reproductive variables were collected on 1121 women using a standardized questionnaire. A small number (n = 73) of randomly selected questionnaires was repeated to determine reliability of the questionnaire. Data was described using simple summary statistics while Kappa and intra-class correlation statistics were calculated for reliability. Of the 1121 women, 47 (4.2%) had never been pregnant. Mean gravidity was 2.3 while mean parity was 2.0 There were a total of 2467 pregnancies; most (87%)
Background: Exposure to alcohol and tobacco during pregnancy may lead to developmental disorders in the foetus and can also adversely impact pregnancy outcomes and the newborns health status. Objective: Assessment of alcohol consumption and tobacco use during pregnancy as well as their impact on pregnancy outcomes and birth parameters of the newborn in a selected group of mothers with children aged ≤ 2 years. Material and methods: The study was conducted in 104 mothers with children aged ≤ 2 years living in the Mazowiecki Voivodeship. A questionnaire was used for assessing selected lifestyle parameters tobacco and alcohol use, dietary supplements use, physical activity during pregnancy, socio-demographic characteristics as well as childrens birth parameters (birth weight, length, head circumference, chest circumference). Data were analyzed statistically using logistic regression analysis, Spearmans rang correlation, the Mann-Whitney U, Kruskal-Wallis, Student-t, Tukey and Chi2 tests ...
Authors: B Bello, D Kielkowski, D Heederik, K Wilson.. Source: BMC Public Health 2010, Sept 21; 10:565.. Summary:. Background: Time-to-pregnancy (TTP) has never been studied in an African setting and there are no data on the rates of adverse pregnancy outcomes in South Africa. The study objectives were to measure TTP and the rates of adverse pregnancy outcomes in South Africa, and to determine the reliability of the questionnaire tool.. Methods: The study was cross-sectional and applied systematic stratified sampling to obtain a representative sample of reproductive age women for a South African population. Data on socio-demographic, work, health and reproductive variables were collected on 1121 women using a standardized questionnaire. A small number (n = 73) of randomly selected questionnaires was repeated to determine reliability of the questionnaire. Data was described using simple summary statistics while Kappa and intra-class correlation statistics were calculated for ...
Preterm (PT) and Low birth weight (LBW) are considered to be the most relevant biological determinants of newborn infants survival, both in developed and in developing countries. Numerous risk factors for PT and LBW have been defined in the literature. Infections of the genitourinary tract infections along with various biological and genetic factors are considered to be the most common etiological factors for PT/LBW deliveries. However, evidence suggests that sub-clinical infection sites that are also distant from the genitor-urinary tract may be an important cause for PT/LBW deliveries. Maternal periodontal status has also been reported by many authors as a possible risk factor for PT and LBW, though not all of the actual data support such hypothesis. The aim of this paper is to review the evidence from various published literature on the association between the maternal periodontal status and adverse pregnancy outcomes. Although this review found a consistent association between periodontitis ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Predictors of pregnancy outcomes in patients with lupus. T2 - A cohort study. AU - Buyon, Jill P.. AU - Kim, Mimi Y.. AU - Guerra, Marta M.. AU - Laskin, Carl A.. AU - Petri, Michelle. AU - Lockshin, Michael D.. AU - Sammaritano, Lisa. AU - Branch, D. Ware. AU - Porter, T. Flint. AU - Sawitzke, Allen. AU - Merrill, Joan T.. AU - Stephenson, Mary D.. AU - Cohn, Elisabeth. AU - Garabet, Lamya. AU - Salmon, Jane E.. N1 - Publisher Copyright: © 2015 American College of Physicians. Copyright: Copyright 2015 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2015/8/4. Y1 - 2015/8/4. N2 - Background: Because systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) affects women of reproductive age, pregnancy is a major concern. Objective: To identify predictors of adverse pregnancy outcomes (APOs) in patients with inactive or stable active SLE. Design: Prospective cohort. Setting: Multicenter. Patients: 385 patients (49% non-Hispanic white; 31% with prior nephritis) with SLE in the PROMISSE (Predictors of Pregnancy ...
In 2001-2008, 2.9% of pregnant North Carolina women were drivers in one or more crashes. After a single crash, compared to not being in a crash, pregnant drivers had slightly elevated rates of preterm birth and premature rupture of the membranes. Following a second or subsequent crash, pregnant drivers had more highly elevated rates of preterm birth, premature rupture of the membranes and stillbirth. Stillbirth rates were elevated following crashes involving unbelted pregnant drivers compared to belted pregnant drivers ...
New England Journal of Medicine March 30, 2017 Vol. 376 No. 13 Original Article Quadrivalent HPV Vaccination and the Risk of Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes Nikolai M. Scheller, M.D., Björn Pasternak, M.D., Ph.D., Ditte Mølgaard-Nielsen, M.Sc., Henrik Svanström, Ph.D., and Anders Hviid, Dr.Med.Sci. N Engl J Med 2017; 376:1223-1233 March 30, 2017 DOI: 10.1056/NEJMoa1612296 Abstract…
Background: While the relationship between hemoglobin (Hb) concentrations and pregnancy outcomes has been studied often, most reports have focused on a specific Hb cutoff used to define anemia. Fewer studies have evaluated pregnancy outcomes across the entire range of Hb values. Moreover, to date, most studies of the relationship of Hb concentrations to pregnancy outcomes have been done in high-income countries. Thus, we have sought to determine the relationship between the range of maternal Hb concentrations and adverse birth outcomes among South Asian pregnant women.Methods: For this study, we used data collected from two South Asian countries (Pakistan - Sindh Province and two sites in India - Belagavi and Nagpur) in a prospective maternal and newborn health registry study. To assess the association between Hb concentrations and various maternal and fetal outcomes, we classified the Hb concentrations into seven categories. Regression analyses adjusting for multiple potential confounders were
TY - JOUR. T1 - The epidemiology of pregnancy outcomes in rural Burkina Faso. AU - Bell, Jacqueline S.. AU - Ouedraogo, Moctar. AU - Ganaba, Rasmane. AU - Sombie, Issiaka. AU - Byass, Peter. AU - Baggaley, Rebecca F.. AU - Filippi, Veronique. AU - Fitzmaurice, Ann E.. AU - Graham, Wendy J.. PY - 2008/7. Y1 - 2008/7. N2 - Objectives To describe levels and causes of pregnancy-related mortality and selected outcomes after pregnancy (OAP) in two districts of Burkina Faso.Methods A household census was conducted in the two study districts, recording household deaths to women aged 12-49 years from 2001 to 2006. Questions on pregnancy outcomes in the last 5 years for resident women of reproductive age were included, and an additional method - direct sisterhood - was added in part of the area. Adult female deaths were followed-up with verbal autopsies (VA) with household members. A probabilistic model for interpreting VA data (InterVA-M) was used to determine distributions of probable causes of death. ...
Design - Comparative study of pregnancy outcome for parturients who had stayed in an antenatal village and for those admitted directly from the community. Setting - A rural hospital in Zimbabwe. Outcome measures - Birthweight, perinatal mortality and degree of obstetrical intervention. Results - Women who stayed in the antenatal village experienced better pregnancy outcome than women admitted directly from the community. Birthweight was greater, perinatal mortality lower, and obstetrical intervention less often required in the antenatal village group. Conclusions - Lack of randomisation, differences between the two groups in antenatal risk factors, and lack of information relating to socio-economic status suggest that generalisations beyond the specific case be made cautiously.
BACKGROUND: Malaria in pregnancy (MiP) is a major public health problem in endemic areas of sub-Saharan Africa and has important consequences on birth outcome. Because MiP is a complex phenomenon and malaria epidemiology is rapidly changing, additional evidence is still required to understand how best to control malaria. This study followed a prospective cohort of pregnant women who had access to intensive malaria screening and prompt treatment to identify factors associated with increased risk of MiP and to analyse how various characteristics of MiP affect delivery outcomes. METHODS: Between October 2006 and May 2009, 1,218 pregnant women were enrolled in a prospective cohort. After an initial assessment, they were screened weekly for malaria. At delivery, blood smears were obtained from the mother, placenta, cord and newborn. Multivariate analyses were performed to analyse the association between mothers characteristics and malaria risk, as well as between MiP and birth outcome, length and weight at
To study the effect of endometrial thickness and pattern measured using ultrasound upon pregnancy outcomes in patients undergoing IVF-ET. One thousand nine hundred thirty-three women undergoing IVF treatment participated in the study. We assessed and recorded endometrial patterns and thickness on the day of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) administration. Receiver operator curves (ROC) were used to determine the predictive accuracy of endometrial thickness. Cycles were divided into 3 groups depending on the thickness (group 1: ≤ 7 mm; group 2: | 7 mm to ≤ 14 mm; group 3: | 14 mm). Each group was subdivided into three groups according to the endometrial pattern as follows: pattern A (a triple-line pattern consisting of a central hyperechoic line surround by two hypoechoic layers); pattern B (an intermediate isoechogenic pattern with the same reflectivity as the surrounding myometrium and a poorly defined central echogenic line); and pattern C (homogenous, hyperechogenic endometrium). Clinical
Many studies have been conducted to examine whether Caesarean Section (CS) or vaginal birth (VB) was optimal for better maternal and neonatal outcomes in preterm births. However, findings remain unclear. Therefore, this secondary analysis of World Health Organization Global Survey (GS) and Multi-country Survey (MCS) databases was conducted to investigate outcomes of preterm birth by mode of delivery. Our sample were women with singleton neonates (15,471 of 237 facilities from 21 countries in GS; and 15,053 of 239 facilities from 21 countries in MCS) delivered between 22 and |37 weeks of gestation. We assessed association between mode of delivery and pregnancy outcomes in singleton preterm births by multilevel logistic regression adjusted for hierarchical data. The prevalences of women with preterm birth delivered by CS were 31.0% and 36.7% in GS and MCS, respectively. Compared with VB, CS was associated with significantly increased odds of maternal intensive care unit admission, maternal near miss, and
Sponsor. National Institutes of Health (NIH). Principal Investigator. Dr. Hazel Nichols, Epidemiology. Project Run Dates. 7/01/2017 to 6/30/2022. Summary. In the U.S., more than 45,000 women are diagnosed with cancer during adolescence and young adulthood (AYA, ages 15-39 at diagnosis) each year. Fertility and reproductive outcomes are critical issues for AYA cancer survivors but little is known about the effect of diagnosis and treatment on the clinical course and outcome of future pregnancy. Our study will leverage existing data sources to assess clinical pregnancy outcomes among women with the most common AYA cancers (lymphoma, breast, melanoma, thyroid and gynecologic cancer) that account for ,70% of all diagnoses. Our findings will provide urgently needed answers that can be directly applied to fertility preservation, preconception, and prenatal counseling.. Data for this study come from the Kaiser Permanente (KP) Northern and Southern California integrated healthcare systems and from an ...
Results: Of 364,363 singleton pregnancies resulting in live or stillbirths 1,969 (0.5%) were in women with IBD. Women with CD were more likely to have pre-term births (OR=1.42 95%CI;1.12-1.79), babies with low birth weights (OR=1.39;1.05-1.83) and postpartum haemorrhage (OR=1.27;1.04-1.55) whereas women with UC were only at increased risk of pre-term births with an absolute risk difference of ,2.7%. These risks remained independent of caesarean section (CS). Prior surgery for IBD did not increase risk of adverse birth outcomes or pregnancy related complications compared to cases without surgery, however women with IBD were more likely to have an elective CS ...
There has been limited research addressing whether behavioural change in relation to smoking is maintained throughout pregnancy and the effect on perinatal outcomes. A cohort study addressed lifestyle behaviours of 907 women who booked for antenatal care and delivered in a large urban teaching hospital in 2010-2011. Adverse perinatal outcomes were compared for
Maternal anthropometry and pregnancy outcomes: a WHO collaborative study , Maternal anthropometry and pregnancy outcomes: a WHO collaborative study , کتابخانه دیجیتال دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اصفهان
Some, but not all, studies have shown an association between in utero exposure to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) antidepressants and adverse pregnancy outcomes, including preterm delivery, low birth weight, and lower Apgar scores. One of the difficulties in estimating the risk for adverse outcomes in this population is that studies have used varying methodologies and have relied on different means of identifying and classifying neonatal outcomes. Furthermore, many of these studies have not taken into consideration other variables that may affect neonatal outcomes, including the use of other medications, smoking, and maternal mental illness. We often question whether depression itself (as opposed to the antidepressants used to treat it) may contribute to adverse outcomes. This question stems from early research conducted by Steer and colleagues (!992) and Orr and Miller (1995). Steer observed that the risk of a poor pregnancy outcome rose by 5-7% for each point increase on the Beck ...
The Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes Reporting System records adverse pregnancy outcomes in infants with congenital anomalies (birth defects) and other serious neonatal conditions. This report describes the county-specific prevalence rates of seven groups of major birth defects, a listing of the disease codes and a brief description of each defect and similar information about other adverse pregnancy outcomes ...
Impaired fetal growth and preterm birth are the leading causes of neonatal and infant mortality worldwide and there is a growing scientific literature suggesting that environmental exposures during pregnancy may play a causal role in these outcomes. Our purpose was to assess the environmental exposure of the Fetal Growth Longitudinal Study (FGLS) participants in the multinational INTERGROWTH-21(st) Project. First, we developed a tool that could be used internationally to screen pregnant women for such exposures and administered it in eight countries on a subsample (n = 987) of the FGLS participants. The FGLS is a study of fetal growth among healthy pregnant women living in relatively affluent areas, at low risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes and environmental exposures. We confirmed that most women were not exposed to major environmental hazards that could affect pregnancy outcomes according to the protocols entry criteria. However, the instrument was able to identify some women that reported various
The obstetrical and gynecological manifestation of Crohns disease is particularly challenging for young women and demands special attention, according to an article in the International Journal of Womens Health. Pregnant women with CD are considered high-risk patients due to associated complications. Some of the prevalent complications are premature birth, low birth weight, and congenital anomalies. To minimize the risk for adverse pregnancy/birth outcomes, it is recommended that remission of CD symptoms be achieved before conception. Treatment of CD in pregnant women is similar to that among the nonpregnant population, and there is no valid reason to terminate it, since most of the drugs are proven to be safe. Women with CD who wish to conceive or are already pregnant need to be properly advised according to the newest guidelines on the subject, given by the European Crohns and Colitis Organization. Gynecological manifestations are another special feature of CD. They are important in that ...
Maternal supraphysiological estradiol (E2) environment during pregnancy leads to adverse perinatal outcomes. However, the influence of oocyte exposure to high E2 levels on perinatal outcomes remains unknown. Thus, a retrospective cohort study was conducted to explore the effect of high E2 level induced by controlled ovarian stimulation (COH) on further outcomes after frozen embryo transfer (FET). The study included all FET cycles (n = 10,581) between 2014 and 2017. All cycles were categorized into three groups according to the E2 level on the day of the human Chorionic Gonadotropin trigger. Odds ratios (ORs) and their confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated to evaluate the association between E2 level during COH and pregnancy outcomes and subsequent neonatal outcomes. From our findings, higher E2 level was associated with lower percentage of chemical pregnancy, clinical pregnancy, ongoing pregnancy, and live birth as well as increased frequency of early miscarriage. Preterm births were more ...
This is the most comprehensive cohort study of prepregnancy care in women with type 1 diabetes in the U.K., describing glycemic control throughout pregnancy and multiple pregnancy outcomes. In addition, we have complete follow-up on a large and recent unselected clinic population, a collection of monthly A1C measurements from a single laboratory, and careful assessment of potential confounding factors. The prepregnancy clinic was attended by 38% of women, which is in keeping with findings from the CEMACH report (1). There was a significant increase in numbers of women receiving prepregnancy care during the study. This figure is lower than that of 58% reported in a recent study from Denmark (22). In that study, preconception guidance was not defined, and only 34% women were monitoring their blood glucose at the time of conception compared with 100% women in our study. This might suggest that the preconception guidance had been limited compared with prepregnancy care in our study.. Our study shows ...
Pregnancy Outcomes in US Prisons, 2016-2017 Carolyn Sufrin MD, PhD, Lauren Beal MPH, Jennifer Clarke MD, MPH, Rachel Jones PhD, and William D. Mosher PhD Published online: March 21, 2019 Objectives. To collect national data on pregnancy frequencies and outcomes among women in US state and federal prisons.
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of obesity amongst women bearing children in Australia is rising and has important implications for obstetric care. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and impact of mothers being overweight and obese in early to mid-pregnancy on maternal, peripartum and neonatal outcomes.. METHODS: A secondary analysis was performed on data collected from nulliparous women with a singleton pregnancy enrolled in the Australian Collaborative Trial of Supplements with antioxidants Vitamin C and Vitamin E to pregnant women for the prevention of pre-eclampsia (ACTS). Women were categorized into three groups according to their body mass index (BMI): normal (BMI 18.5-24.9 kg/m2); overweight (BMI 25-29.9 kg/m2) and; obese (BMI 30-34.9 kg/m2). Obstetric and perinatal outcomes were compared by univariate and multivariate analyses.. RESULTS: Of the 1661 women included, 43% were overweight or obese. Obese women were at increased risk of pre-eclampsia (relative risk (RR) 2.99 [95% ...
The association between fluoroquinolones and arthropathy, although observed in immature animals and rarely reported in humans, has resulted in the restricted use of fluoroquinolones during pregnancy. Data from recent reports suggest that quinolone administration to children and adolescents with cystic fibrosis is safe on the basis of both clinical and magnetic resonance imaging assessments (4). However, since these observations have focused on children and adolescents, it is unclear whether in utero exposure to quinolones and their potential deposition in fetal cartilage are associated with any long-term musculoskeletal dysfunctions. Our data, which we obtained using the Denver Developmental Scale, suggest that in utero exposure to quinolones is not associated with clinically significant major musculoskeletal dysfunctions. This tool is very limited in evaluating subtle joint changes that would have been detected only by sensitive methods. Magnetic resonance imaging of weight-bearing joints of ...
During pregnancy, CKD increases both maternal and fetal risk. Adverse maternal outcomes include progression of underlying renal dysfunction, worsening of urine protein, and hypertension, whereas adverse fetal outcomes include fetal loss, intrauterine growth restriction, and preterm delivery. As such, pregnancy in young women with CKD is anxiety provoking for both the patient and the clinician providing care, and because the heterogeneous group of glomerular diseases often affects young women, this is an area of heightened concern. In this invited review, we discuss pregnancy outcomes in young women with glomerular diseases. We have performed a systematic review in attempt to better understand these outcomes among young women with primary GN, we review the studies of pregnancy outcomes in lupus nephritis, and finally, we provide a potential construct for management. Although it is safe to say that the vast majority of young women with glomerular disease will have a live birth, the counseling that we can
The risk of preeclampsia and different pregnancy problems may be higher for expectant moms whove a historical past of acute kidney injury, a brand new research finds, even when kidney perform is regular previous to pregnancy.
Study objective-To examine the effect of socioeconomic status on pregnancy outcome in an urbanised area in a rapidly developing country. Methods-A cohort of 1797 pregnant women who attended antenatal care clinics at the two 700 bed hospitals in Hatyai city was recruited from September 1994 to November 1995. The pregnant women were followed up...
Treatment of gestational diabetes reduces serious perinatal morbidity and may also improve the womans health-related quality of life.
Study Question: To what degree do records registered in the Netherlands Perinatal Registry (PRN) agree with self-report in a Study Question: naire on pregnancy outcomes in childhood cancer survivors (CCSs)? Summary Answer: This study suggests that self-reported pregnancy outcomes of CCSs agree well with registry data and that outcomes reported by CCSs agree better with registry data than do those of controls. What is Known Already: Many studies have shown that childhood cancer treatment may affect fertility outcomes in female CCSs; however, these conclusions were often based on questionnaire data, and it remains unclear whether self-report agrees well with more objective sources of information. Study Design , Size, Duration In an nationwide cohort study on fertility (inclusion period January 2008 and April 2011, trial number: NTR2922), 1420 CCSs and 354 sibling controls were invited to complete a questionnaire regarding socio-demographic characteristics and reproductive history. In total, 879 ...
Many patients with IBDs such as Crohns disease and ulcerative colitis require immunosuppressive biologic therapies to control disease activity, which is important in women because active IBD has been associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. Multiple retrospective studies have found no association between treatment of pregnant women with IBD using biologic agents such as antagnoists of tumor necrosis factor (anti-TNF) and adverse pregnancy outcomes.. However, some of these drugs can cross the placenta; anti-TNF agents such as adalimumab or infliximab can be detected in infants until 12 months of age. In contrast, certolizumab pegol, which is a polyethylene glycolylated FaB immunoglobulin, does not bind to the neonatal Fcγ receptor that mediates transplacental transfer and was not found in infant or cord blood.. There are limited data on the long-term effects of this exposure on the development of the neonatal immune system.. Dawn B. Beaulieu et al performed a large, prospective study to ...
Results 28 pregnancies in 20 women (26±6 years old) with PAH-CHD were managed during this period. There were 18 complete pregnancies (≥20 weeks gestation (WG)), 8 abortions and 2 miscarriages. Six (33%, 95% CI (11.9 to 54.3)) patients experienced severe cardiac events. The concerned women had lower resting oxygen saturation (79.6±4.1% vs 89.3±3.8%, p,0.01). The most common cardiac complications during the complete pregnancies were heart failure (n=4) and severe hypoxaemia (n=5). Heart failure was overall severe, requiring inotropic treatment in three patients, mechanical circulatory support in one and led to one maternal death (mortality=5.0% 95% CI (0.1 to 24.9)). Obstetrical complications occurred in 25% of pregnancies. Small for gestational age was diagnosed in 39% (7/18) of fetuses. 12/18 (67%) pregnancies were delivered by caesarean section, of which 10 in emergency for obstetrical reason. Prematurity was frequent (78%), but no neonatal death occurred. ...
A prospective cohort study of unselected primiparous women: the pregnancy outcome prediction study". BMC Pregnancy and ... Human pregnancy, Health issues in pregnancy, Women's health, Pathology of pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium, Tests ... The Pregnancy Outcome Prediction (POP) Study is a prospective cohort study of 4,512 women who have never given birth, recruited ... "The Pregnancy Outcome Prediction (POP) Study".{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link) Pasupathy D, Dacey A, Cook E, Charnock ...
During pregnancy, testing can be performed on the placenta (chorionic villus sampling) or the fluid around the fetus ( ... Hoch H, Sontag MK, Scarbro S, Juarez-Colunga E, McLean C, Kempe A, Sagel SD (November 2018). "Clinical outcomes in U.S. infants ... Fetal and maternal outcome". Chest. 118 (1): 85-91. doi:10.1378/chest.118.1.85. PMID 10893364. S2CID 32289370. Guimbellot J, ... The disease appears only when two of these carriers have children, as each pregnancy between them has a 25% chance of producing ...
Teen Pregnancy at Curlie Teen Pregnancy Prevention at Curlie Teenage pregnancies and obstetric outcome Teen Pregnancy, a ... Teenage pregnancy, also known as adolescent pregnancy, is pregnancy in a female adolescent under the age of 20, as defined by ... In reporting teenage pregnancy rates, the number of pregnancies per 1,000 females aged 15 to 19 when the pregnancy ends is ... Abalkhail BA (1995). "Adolescent pregnancy: Are there biological barriers for pregnancy outcomes?". The Journal of the Egyptian ...
Pregnancy Outcome Unit, SA Health. (2014). [1]. Retrieved July 10th, 2015. Abortion Statistics in Canada. (2019) [2]. Retrieved ... Late termination of pregnancy, also referred to as late-term abortion, describes the termination of pregnancy by induced ... A late termination of pregnancy often refers to an induced ending of pregnancy after the 20th week of gestation, i.e. after a ... It is not common for live infants to be born after an abortion at any stage in pregnancy. In 2019, a US Senate Bill entitled ...
Landesman-Dwyer, S (1982). "Maternal drinking and pregnancy outcome". Applied Research in Mental Retardation. 3 (3): 241-63. ... It is even possible that the baby throughout pregnancy will develop heart defects such as ventricular septal defect or atrial ... Consumption of alcohol during pregnancy can result in miscarriage, and a number of physical and cognitive that can last a ... Brief Interventions for alcohol abuse reduce the incidence of unsafe sex, sexual violence, unplanned pregnancy, and, likely, ...
Lakos A, Solymosi N (June 2010). "Maternal Lyme borreliosis and pregnancy outcome". International Journal of Infectious ... adverse pregnancy outcomes are possible with untreated infection; prompt treatment with antibiotics reduces or eliminates this ... Ogrinc K, Lusa L, Lotrič-Furlan S, Bogovič P, Stupica D, Cerar T, Ružić-Sabljić E, Strle F (August 2016). "Course and outcome ... Seltzer EG, Gerber MA, Cartter ML, Freudigman K, Shapiro ED (February 2000). "Long-term outcomes of persons with Lyme disease ...
Multiple Pregnancy: Epidemiology, Gestation & Perinatal Outcome. Taylor and Francis. p. 34. ISBN 978-1-85070-666-3. "What's in ... Multiple pregnancies are much less likely to carry to full term than single births, with twin pregnancies lasting on average 37 ... Occasionally, a woman will suffer a miscarriage early in pregnancy, yet the pregnancy will continue; one twin was miscarried ... However, in most cases, the intrauterine pregnancy can be salvaged.[citation needed] For otherwise healthy twin pregnancies ...
June 2006). "Vitamin K antagonists and pregnancy outcome. A multi-centre prospective study". Thromb. Haemost. 95 (6): 949-57. ... "Outcomes of Discontinuing Rivaroxaban Compared With Warfarin in Patients With Nonvalvular Atrial Fibrillation: Analysis From ...
Noor N, Bano I, Parveen S (May 2012). "Heterotopic pregnancy with successful pregnancy outcome". Journal of Human Reproductive ... A heterotopic pregnancy is a complication of pregnancy in which both extrauterine (ectopic) pregnancy and intrauterine ... It may also be referred to as a combined ectopic pregnancy, multiple‑sited pregnancy, or coincident pregnancy. The most common ... "Cesarean scar pregnancy, abdominal pregnancy, and heterotopic pregnancy". UpToDate. Retrieved 2021-11-11. (Articles with short ...
"Factors influencing pregnancy outcome after trauma". The American Surgeon. 58 (9): 594-8, discussion 598. PMID 1524327. " ...
Kim BJ, An SJ, Shim SS, Jun JK, Yoon BH, Syn HC, Park JS (2006). "Pregnancy outcomes in women with mechanical heart valves". J ... Pregnancy after the age of 35 augments the risk of VTE, as does multigravidity of more than four pregnancies. Pregnancy in ... Hypercoagulability in pregnancy is the propensity of pregnant women to develop thrombosis (blood clots). Pregnancy itself is a ... "Vitamin K antagonists and pregnancy outcome. A multi-centre prospective study". Thromb Haemost. 95 (6): 949-57. doi:10.1160/ ...
A review of pregnancy outcomes in women with acrodermatitis enteropathica, reported that out of every seven pregnancies, there ... Shah D, Sachdev HP (January 2006). "Zinc deficiency in pregnancy and fetal outcome". Nutrition Reviews. 64 (1): 15-30. doi: ... RDA for pregnancy is 11 mg/day. RDA for lactation is 12 mg/day. For infants up to 12 months the RDA is 3 mg/day. For children ... Zinc deficiency during pregnancy can negatively affect both the mother and fetus. Animal studies indicate that maternal zinc ...
Soriano D, Dessolle L, Poncelet C, Benifla JL, Madelenat P, Darai E (June 2003). "Pregnancy outcome after laparoscopic and ... Also, after a pregnancy, myomas tend to shrink naturally. However, in selected cases myomectomy may become necessary during ... It is well known that myomectomy surgery is associated with a higher risk of uterine rupture in later pregnancy. Thus, women ... Generally, surgeons tend to stay away from operative interventions during the pregnancy because of the risk of haemorrhage and ...
This type of mosaicism is most often associated with normal pregnancy outcome. Type 2 CPM- The error occurs in a non-fetal cell ... However, some pregnancies with CPM experience prenatal or perinatal complications. The pregnancy loss rate in pregnancies with ... The pregnancy outcome is strongly chromosome specific. The most frequently seen trisomic cells in confined placental mosaicism ... However, it is not accurate to use these associations to try to predict pregnancy outcome based on the percent of trisomic ...
Ehrenberg, H (2003). "Low maternal weight, failure to thrive in pregnancy, and adverse pregnancy outcomes". American Journal of ... However, in early pregnancy the outcome is worse, and can be fatal. Adequate nutrition is needed for a healthy fetus. Mothers ... Fergusson, David M.; Horwood, L. John; Northstone, Kate (2002). "Maternal use of cannabis and pregnancy outcome". BJOG: An ... Proietti, E (2013). "Air pollution during pregnancy and neonatal outcome: A review". Journal of Aerosol Medicine and Pulmonary ...
"Consultation outcome: Termination of pregnancy arrangements in Wales". Retrieved 11 April 2022. Abortion ... "Health (Regulation of Termination of Pregnancy) Act 2018, Section 12 - Early pregnancy". Government of ... I ended a pregnancy before the Abortion Act was passed: here's what I'm fighting for aged 86'". iNews. Retrieved 15 May 2022. " ... It is lawful in Jersey to have an abortion in the first 12 weeks of pregnancy if the woman is in "distress" and requests it; in ...
Ben-Haroush A, Yogev Y, Mashiach R, Meizner I. Pregnancy outcome of threatened abortion with subchorionic hematoma: possible ... "First-Trimester Intrauterine Hematoma and Outcome of Pregnancy". Obstetrics & Gynecology. 105 (2): 339-44. doi:10.1097/01.AOG. ... It occurs in about 3.1% of all pregnancies, it is the most common sonographic abnormality and the most common cause of first ... Hemorrhage During Pregnancy: Sonography and MR Imaging [3]. Amer J Roentgenology 2001; 176:607-615. Trop I, Levine D. ...
HAPO Study Cooperative Research Group.) (July 2002). "The Hyperglycemia and Adverse Pregnancy Outcome (HAPO) Study". ... Of pregnancy and progeny". Diabetes. 29 (12): 1023-35. doi:10.2337/diab.29.12.1023. PMID 7002669. S2CID 27125111. Levin BE ( ... During pregnancy, maternal glucose can cross the blood-placental barrier meaning maternal hyperglycaemia is associated with ... arises when beta cells do not secrete enough insulin to adopt to the insulin resistance triggered by pregnancy, which leads to ...
High doses of caffeine intake during pregnancy may increase the risk of miscarriage and some major negative pregnancy outcomes ... Carducci B, Keats EC, Bhutta ZA (March 2021). "Zinc supplementation for improving pregnancy and infant outcome". The Cochrane ... James JE (June 2021). "Maternal caffeine consumption and pregnancy outcomes: a narrative review with implications for advice to ... Riley L (2006). Pregnancy: The Ultimate Week-by-Week Pregnancy Guide. Meredith Books. pp. 21-22. ISBN 978-0-696-22221-4. Chen ...
Harjulehto, T; Rahola, T; Suomela, M; Arvela, H; Saxén, L (1991). "Pregnancy outcome in Finland after the Chernobyl accident". ... the only robust evidence of negative pregnancy outcomes that transpired after the accident were these elective abortion ... In very high doses, it was known at the time that radiation could cause a physiological increase in the rate of pregnancy ... When the vast amount of pregnancy data does not support this perception as no women took part in the most radioactive ...
Sibai BM, Spinnato JA, Watson DL, Hill GA, Anderson GD (September 1984). "Pregnancy outcome in 303 cases with severe ... diagnosed early in pregnancy, or persists significantly after the end of pregnancy. It affects about 5% of all pregnancies and ... Ankumah NE, Sibai BM (March 2017). "Chronic Hypertension in Pregnancy: Diagnosis, Management, and Outcomes". Clinical ... "Pregnancy Complications , Pregnancy , Maternal and Infant Health , CDC". Retrieved 2017-11-09. This article ...
"Antiepileptic drugs and pregnancy outcomes". American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A. 158A (8): 2071-2090. doi:10.1002/ajmg ... However exceptions could exist due to antiepileptic medicines taken during pregnancy or low flood flow to the extremities ...
"Subclinical Hypothyroidism and Pregnancy Outcomes". Obstetrics & Gynecology. 105 (2): 239-45. doi:10.1097/01.AOG. ... The pregnancy category levels (from least to most dangerous) are A, B, C, D and X and are described as follows: Category A: " ... Choline before pregnancy is also related to changes in the birth, death, and migration of cells in the hippocampus during the ... The pregnancy category level of cocaine is C, as described above. Prenatal exposure to cocaine has also been linked to ...
Prenatal care improves pregnancy outcomes. Nutrition during pregnancy is important to ensure healthy growth of the fetus. ... Couvade syndrome Cryptic pregnancy False pregnancy Simulated pregnancy "What are some common signs of pregnancy?". Eunice ... Globally, 44% of pregnancies are unplanned. Over half (56%) of unplanned pregnancies are aborted. Among unintended pregnancies ... "Pregnancy Symptoms - Early Signs of Pregnancy : American Pregnancy Association". Archived from the original on 15 January 2008 ...
"A stroke in pregnancy". Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada. Retrieved 25 August 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status ( ... link) Hiraga, Akiyuki (June 2017). "Gender Differences and Stroke Outcomes". Neuroepidemiology. 48 (1-2): 61-62. doi:10.1159/ ... during and in the weeks following pregnancy, women have a higher risk of a stroke. Women also have a higher risk of a stroke ...
Fox, Chelsea; Eichelberger, Kacey (2015). "Maternal microbiome and pregnancy outcomes". Fertility and Sterility. 104 (6): 1358- ... It has been associated with the outcomes of assisted reproductive technologies and birth outcomes. Positive outcomes are ... The species and diversity of the microorganisms may be related to the various levels of hormones during pregnancy. The healthy ... to the presence of Lactobacilli spp while the presence of Propionibacterium and Actinomyces were related to negative outcomes. ...
"Maternal microbiome and pregnancy outcomes". Fertility and Sterility. 104 (6): 1358-63. doi:10.1016/j.fertnstert.2015.09.037. ... While bacteria are often found in the amniotic fluid of failed pregnancies, they are also found in particulate matter that is ... Future research may find that the microbiota of the female reproductive tract may be related to pregnancy, conception, and ... Culturable and non-culturable bacterial species in the placenta obtained following normal term pregnancy have been identified. ...
Fox C, Eichelberger K (December 2015). "Maternal microbiome and pregnancy outcomes". Fertility and Sterility. 104 (6): 1358-63 ... the outcome is easily visualized and understood. Once a metagenome is assembled, it is possible to infer the functional ... implications for health outcomes". Nature Medicine. 22 (7): 713-22. doi:10.1038/nm.4142. PMID 27387886. S2CID 2462790. de ... improves behavioral outcomes) in certain central nervous system disorders - including anxiety, depression, autism spectrum ...
Some of these unfavourable outcomes are more marked in women who are diagnosed for the first time in pregnancy. A recent study ... Hyperthyroidism due to Graves' disease may worsen in the first trimester of pregnancy, remit in later pregnancy, and ... "Subclinical hypothyroidism and pregnancy outcomes". Obstetrics and Gynecology. 105 (2): 239-45. doi:10.1097/01.AOG. ... "Levothyroxine treatment and pregnancy outcome in women with subclinical hypothyroidism undergoing assisted reproduction ...
"Fludrocortisone Use During Pregnancy ,". Archived from the original on 24 December 2016. Retrieved 24 ... Actions and Outcomes. Springer Science & Business Media. pp. 21-. ISBN 978-3-7643-7726-7. Archived from the original on 5 ... Whether use of fludrocortisone during pregnancy is safe for the fetus is unknown. Fludrocortisone is mostly a mineralocorticoid ...
... the lowest concentration measured in early pregnancy), to as high as 11.4% (in late pregnancy). Ariosa Diagnostics, Inc. v. ... 30, 2015). Sue D. Nym, Ariosa is a Good Example of Outcome-Driven § 101 Decisions, IP Watchdog (Aug. 9, 2015). Courtenay C. ...
It is the most frequently detected cancer during pregnancy, with an occurrence of 1.5 to 12 for every 100,000 pregnancies. ... In Africa outcomes are often worse as diagnosis is frequently at a latter stage of disease. In a scoping review of publicly- ... Having many pregnancies is associated with an increased risk of cervical cancer. Among HPV-infected women, those who have had ... Five-year survival rates in the United States are 68%. Outcomes, however, depend very much on how early the cancer is detected ...
These markers are often not clinically significant and do not cause adverse pregnancy outcomes. Current evidence indicates that ... pregnancy as well as the ability to see and determine features like the sex of the fetus affect the way in which pregnancy is ... Performing an ultrasound at this early stage of pregnancy can more accurately confirm the timing of the pregnancy, and can also ... The increasingly widespread use of ultrasound technology in monitoring pregnancy has had a great impact on the way in which ...
Many case examples and a modest body of controlled outcome research in solution focused brief therapy (SFBT), have likewise ... After three years, there were major documented reductions in crime, drug dealing, teenage pregnancy, child abuse, child neglect ... Gingerich, W., and Eisengart, S.: Solution-focused brief therapy: A review of the outcome research. Family Process, pp. 477-498 ...
The Pregnancy Discrimination Act was added as an amendment and protects women if they are pregnant or have a pregnancy-related ... According to the theory, interviews with more richness are expected to result in a better outcome. In general, studies have ... Discrimination against pregnant applicants is illegal under the Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978, which views pregnancy as ... Kohn, Laura S.; Dipboye, Robert L. (May 1998). "The Effects of Interview Structure on Recruiting Outcomes". Journal of Applied ...
Electrocardiogram is useful in detecting dextrocardia, a possible outcome when agenesis is present on the right lung. With ... a theory was raised that vitamin A deficiency during pregnancy may cause pulmonary agenesis. Some authors have suggested ... is a possible clinical outcome detectable before birth. The displacement is caused by organ herniation occupying the empty ...
Orphaned articles from September 2013, All orphaned articles, Health issues in pregnancy, Organizations based in California, ... and obstetrics to improve healthcare and outcome for HG sufferers. HER researchers created a registry of women with HG, and has ... to eliminate the need to terminate pregnancy due to ineffective HG treatment, and (4) to raise awareness of the debilitating ...
In October 1854 Elinor was in labor, but the outcome was not happy. She gave birth to a stillborn baby and died herself shortly ... thereafter due to pregnancy complications. Jackson was devastated by grief but his faith supported him. The couple had been ...
"Education is the strongest socio-economic predictor of smoking in pregnancy: Disparities in smoking in pregnancy". Addiction. ... antecedents and outcomes of divorce, occupational careers, and health Family demography Härkönen, J. & J. Dronkers. 2006. ... Education is the strongest socioeconomic predictor of smoking in pregnancy. Addiction 113(6): 1117-26. Boertien, D., & J. ...
... during and after pregnancy and childbirth, generally to women with low-risk pregnancies. Midwives are trained to assist during ... Outcomes for mothers in childbirth were especially poor before antibiotics were discovered in the 1930s, because of high rates ... The BabyCenter Essential Guide to Pregnancy and Birth: Expert Advice and Real-World Wisdom from the Top Pregnancy and Parenting ... The term postterm pregnancy is used to discribe a condition in which a woman has not yet delivered her baby after 42 weeks of ...
... capable of serving neonates born as early as 23 weeks into pregnancy. The hospital has extensive outpatient and inpatient ... for the region and has demonstrated healthy outcomes for patients transferred back to their referring hospital. Royal Columbian ...
The outcome after months of debate was The Institution of a Christian Man informally known from the first issue as the Bishops ... His attention was most likely occupied by the pregnancy of Jane Seymour and the birth of the male heir, Edward, that Henry had ... which required greater urgency after Anne announced her pregnancy. Henry and Anne were secretly married on 24 or 25 January ...
"The Pill" helped prostitutes prevent pregnancy. In 1967, New York City eliminated license requirements for massage parlors. ... and lasting outcomes that may take place as a result of soliciting sex from a prostitute. In the first 12 years of the ongoing ...
"Cushing's syndrome and pregnancy outcomes: a systematic review of published cases". Endocrine. 55 (2): 555-563. doi:10.1007/ ... Jagannathan J, Smith R, DeVroom HL, Vortmeyer AO, Stratakis CA, Nieman LK, Oldfield EH (September 2009). "Outcome of using the ... Lindsay JR, Jonklaas J, Oldfield EH, Nieman LK (May 2005). "Cushing's syndrome during pregnancy: personal experience and review ... although pregnancy is extremely rare during the course of Cushing's Syndrome In March 2020, Isturisa (osilodrostat) oral ...
... may increase the risk of miscarriage in early pregnancy. Women should avoid pregnancy while taking elagolix, for ... "Long-Term Outcomes of Elagolix in Women With Endometriosis: Results From Two Extension Studies". Obstet Gynecol. 132 (1): 147- ... "Long-Term Outcomes of Elagolix in Women With Endometriosis: Results From Two Extension Studies". Obstet Gynecol. 132 (1): 147- ... Contraindications of elagolix include pregnancy, known osteoporosis, severe hepatic impairment, and concomitant use with strong ...
After the first pregnancy, HIV can also decrease the immunity to malaria. This contributes to the increase of the vulnerability ... Countries where open defecation is seen have higher levels of poverty, adverse health outcomes, and death in children due to ... Because more women than men use health services, especially during pregnancy, they are more likely to come across unsterilized ... These points underscore the positive effect poverty alleviation has on improving health outcomes as it concerns obesity and ...
He became a socialist "largely [as] the outcome of a study of history, taking sides ... in the battles over industrialism and ... is termination of pregnancy... all thinking people recognise a painful conflict of rights and interest in this question". ... Wade and instead hoped for science to develop new solutions to unwanted pregnancies "that will make abortion more like a ...
Controlling the outcome of a pregnancy is an attempt to influence a partner to continue or terminate a pregnancy. This can ... Birth control Contraceptive security Domestic violence and pregnancy Forced marriage Forced pregnancy Forced abortion Paternity ... and controlling the outcome of a pregnancy. Reproductive coercion and intimate partner violence are strongly correlated; ... Pregnancy coercion includes any behaviors intended to coerce or pressure a partner to become or not become pregnant, or to ...
"Oregon Study: Medicaid 'Had No Significant Effect' On Health Outcomes vs. Being Uninsured". Forbes. Retrieved April 18, 2019. ... These other requirements include, but are not limited to, assets, age, pregnancy, disability, blindness, income, and resources ... Research shows that Medicaid improves health outcomes, health insurance coverage, access to health care, recipients' financial ... and Labor Market Outcomes". NBER Working Paper. National Bureau of Economic Research: 22899. doi:10.3386/w22899. Halliday, ...
It appears to be safe in pregnancy and is therefore recommended among those who will be potentially exposed. It should not be ... a review of possible outcomes and an outline of suggestions for the future". Malaria Journal. 10 (1): 208. doi:10.1186/1475- ... Use During Pregnancy and Breastfeeding "Stamaril powder and solvent for suspension for injection in pre-filled syringe - ...
On the other hand, COVID-19 infection may cause increased rates of unfavourable outcomes in the course of the pregnancy. Some ... It adapts during pregnancy to allow the development of the foetus whose genetic load is only partially shared with their mother ... In the United States, the prisoner population is ageing and many of them are at high risk for poor outcomes from COVID‑19 due ... Coagulation: During pregnancy, there are higher levels of circulating coagulation factors, and the pathogenesis of SARS-CoV-2 ...
"Pembrolizumab (Keytruda) Use During Pregnancy". 24 September 2019. Archived from the original on 14 June 2020. ... "Five-Year Outcomes With Pembrolizumab Versus Chemotherapy for Metastatic Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer With PD-L1 Tumor Proportion ...
"Intrapartal cardiotocographic patterns and hypoxia-related perinatal outcomes in pregnancies complicated by gestational ... Future research should focus on events that happen in pregnancy and labour that could be the cause of long-term problems for ... Cardiotocography (CTG) is a technique used to monitor the fetal heartbeat and the uterine contractions during pregnancy and ... Alfirevic, Zarko; Gyte, Gillian ML; Cuthbert, Anna; Devane, Declan (2017-02-03). Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group (ed ...
Two versions were filmed for each voting outcome, but the Mandy version won with 56% of the vote. Chris Smith (initially ... During her four years on-screen, the character contends with a phantom pregnancy, marital breakdown and finally insanity. Kathy ... of Michelle becomes central to the programme and is the focus of a controversial storyline involving her teenage pregnancy. ...
... due to perceived better outcomes and more pregnancies carried to term. A c-section is required for women giving birth with a ... Usually the treatment is done in the first or second trimester of pregnancy, for a woman who has had one or more late ... The treatment consists of a strong suture sewn into and around the cervix early in the pregnancy, usually between weeks 12 to ... This cerclage is usually placed between 16 weeks and 18 weeks of pregnancy. The stitch is generally removed around the 37th ...
In the end, Käthe dies of an ectopic pregnancy. Alan Desland: an English ceramics dealer and collector. Until he meets Käthe/ ... contribute to Alan's sense of a fated outcome to Käthe's fears of some impending doom. Käthe, who has announced she may be ...
Born D, Barron ML (May-June 2005). "Herb use in pregnancy: what nurses should know". MCN: The American Journal of Maternal/ ... On occasion serious untoward outcomes have been linked to herb consumption. A case of major potassium depletion has been ... lower ongoing pregnancy and live birth rate during fertility treatment. Examples of herbal treatments with likely cause-effect ... lower ongoing pregnancy/live birth rate during 12 months of fertility treatment". Human Reproduction. 24 (7): 1626-31. doi: ...
She is best known for her role as Laura Morgan in the soap opera Paradise Cove until she was fired due to her pregnancy. Her ... While waiting for the valet, Sam is truthful about the audition outcome and even though he is the director, Justine is his ... Denise reveals to Cherry that she was part of the Rhapsody cast until her pregnancy forced her out of the show. Bobby Barnes ( ... Furthermore, Patrick is said to have been offended by the show's PSA on teenage pregnancy, as his mother was 15 when she gave ...
Prophylaxis and Pregnancy Outcome. The Antiretroviral Pregnancy Registry, where clinicians should report cases of exposure to ... Antiretroviral therapy during pregnancy and the risk of an adverse outcome. N Engl J Med. 2002 Jun 13. 346(24):1863-70. [QxMD ... ART may increase the incidence of adverse pregnancy outcomes. Several studies have shown that zidovudine monotherapy had no ... In another US study of pregnant women infected with HIV, the overall rate of adverse pregnancy outcome, including prematurity, ...
Hindawi, I. (‎2005)‎. Value and pregnancy outcome of external cephalic version. EMHJ - Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 11 ... To determine the efficacy and pregnancy outcome of external cephalic version at ,/= 37 weeks gestation, 90 women with a ...
... surveillance programmes should aim to ascertain congenital anomalies among all pregnancy outcomes, with the exception of early ... Inclusion of pregnancy outcomes is dependent on a countrys ability and resources to detect all or most outcomes. In some ... Pregnancy outcome (live births, stillbirths and termination of pregnancies. for fetal anomaly) ... Including as many types of pregnancy outcomes as possible improves case detection. Inclusion of live births alone is a ...
Generic protocol: a prospective cohort study investigating maternal, pregnancy and neonatal outcomes for women and neonates ... Generic protocol: a prospective cohort study investigating maternal, pregnancy and neonatal outcomes for women and neonates ... Imaging ultrasound before 24 weeks of pregnancy: 2022 update to the WHO antenatal care recommendations for a positive pregnancy ... Labour and delivery outcomes of pregnant women diagnosed with COVID-19: Based on information as at 25 May 2020  ...
... J Infect. 2020 Mar 5;S0163-4453(20) ...
Anti-TNF therapies and pregnancy: outcome of 130 pregnancies in the British Society for Rheumatology Biologics Register ... Anti-TNF therapies and pregnancy: outcome of 130 pregnancies in the British Society for Rheumatology Biologics Register ... Anti-TNF therapies and pregnancy: outcome of 130 pregnancies in the British Society for Rheumatology Biologics Register ...
... by pregnancy outcome (live births, induced abortions, or fetal loss), by age groups 15 to 17 years and 18 to 19 years, 1998 to ... Number of teen pregnancies and rates per 1,000 females, ... Archived - Teen pregnancy, by pregnancy outcomes, females aged ... Table 13-10-0166-01 Teen pregnancy, by pregnancy outcomes, females aged 15 to 19 ... Download entire table "Teen pregnancy, by pregnancy outcomes, females aged 15 to 19". ...
... Henry D, Dormuth C, Winquist B, Carney G, Bugden S ... One definition included only cases with documented pregnancy outcomes (high-specificity definition); the other definition also ... According to the high-specificity definition of pregnancy, there were 186 pregnancies during isotretinoin treatment (3.1/1000 ... Keywords: Drug prescribing behaviour Pregnancy Womens health Reproductive health Related Products. NEWS RELEASE. Poor ...
Although modern management and treatment of APS in pregnancy significantly ameliorate pregnancy outcome, more efforts are ... Pregnancy outcome in different clinical phenotypes of antiphospholipid syndrome.. Lupus,. 19. 1. (Jan 2010), 58. 64. .. ... Adverse pregnancy outcomes associated to APS Beyond thromboses, obstetric complications are the other main features of APS. ... Adverse Pregnancy Outcome in Antiphospholipid Antibodies Syndrome: Pathogenic Mechanisms and Clinical Management. Written By ...
Protective Antibodies against Placental Malaria and Poor Outcomes during Pregnancy, Benin Nicaise Tuikue Ndam. , Lise Denoeud- ... Protective Antibodies against Placental Malaria and Poor Outcomes during Pregnancy, Benin. ...
Complete questionnaires about your health and pregnancy online, by phone, or by mail. ... and how COVID-19 may impact their pregnancy and/or delivery.. Who can join?. ...
... has been associated with adverse neonatal outcomes such as preterm birth and growth restriction in some... , Find, read and ... 0474 A NATIONAL COHORT STUDY OF OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEP APNEA IN PREGNANCY AND ADVERSE NEONATAL OUTCOMES , Introduction Obstructive ... In pregnancy, OSA is associated with adverse perinatal outcomes, including GDM and preeclampsia, as well as long-term ... The prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea and its association with pregnancy-related health outcomes.... June 2019 · Sleep and ...
The main outcome measures included endometrial thickness and pregnancy outcome.Results: Group A had significantly (P ... To determine whether endometrial thickness could influence pregnancy outcome of hysteroscopic adhesiolysis in women with a ... the extent of endometrial fibrosis could determine the pregnancy outcome.Objectives: ... Patients were followed up for 2 years to account for pregnancy. Patients were divided into two groups based on measurement of ...
While previous studies have raised concerns regarding the impact of mood stabilizers on pregnancy outcomes, it has been ... Lithium and Anticonvulsant Mood Stabilizers: No Higher Risk for Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes. By MGH Center for Womens Mental ... While previous studies have raised concerns regarding the impact of mood stabilizers on pregnancy outcomes, it has been ... Lithium and Anticonvulsant Mood Stabilizers: No Higher Risk for Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes. ...
There is increasing interest in the role of maternal diet in pregnancy in relation to respiratory and atopic outcomes in the ... Conclusions: In this cohort, dietary patterns in pregnancy did not predict asthma and related outcomes in the offspring after ... Background: Studies of the relation between maternal diet in pregnancy and respiratory and atopic outcomes in the offspring ... A study was undertaken to determine whether dietary patterns in pregnancy are related to childhood asthma and related outcomes. ...
PWE-049 Combined inflammatory bowel disease - obstetric clinic: outcomes in 95 pregnancies at a tertiary centre over a 3-year ... PWE-049 Combined inflammatory bowel disease - obstetric clinic: outcomes in 95 pregnancies at a tertiary centre over a 3-year ... of this study was to identify the benefits of the combined service in improving adherence to guidelines and pregnancy outcomes. ... 93% women were well pre-conception and 49% had no flare during the pregnancy. 31 women had an elective caesarean section (CS), ...
The study examines the impact of antirheumatic treatment on pregnancy outcomes in women with psoriatic arthritis. ... The study Pregnancy outcomes in women with psoriatic arthritis with respect to presence and timing of antirheumatic treatment ... Results demonstrated that pregnancy outcomes varied with timing, presence and type of antirheumatic treatment. ... Of the few previous studies that describe maternal and neonatal pregnancy outcomes in women with psoriatic arthritis, some ...
Antithyroid antibodies do not affect pregnancy outcome in women undergoing assisted reproduction. Hum Reprod. 1999;14:2886-90 ... Pregnancy outcomes in women with thyroid peroxidase antibodies. Obstet Gynecol. 2010;116:381-6 ... Relationship between Antithyroid Antibody and Pregnancy Outcome following in Vitro Fertilization and Embryo Transfer. Int J Med ... Objective: To investigate the impact of antithyroid antibody on pregnancy outcome following the in vitro fertilization and ...
HealthPartners Institute receives $2M from CDC to study COVID-19 vaccines and pregnancy, birth outcomes. Working with 8 large ... While pregnancy has excluded women from being eligible to participate in COVID-19 vaccine research, pregnancy is not a ... analyze health care data from the participating health systems to evaluate the risk of adverse pregnancy and birth outcomes ... side effects against the growing body of research that shows COVID-19 more severely impacts pregnant women and birth outcomes. ...
Avhandling: Awareness of fetal movements and pregnancy outcomes. ... Awareness of fetal movements and pregnancy outcomes. Detta är ... had an effect on pregnancy outcomes. Further, the thesis aimed to study pregnancy outcomes for women seeking care for decreased ... In studies III-IV we studied the effect of Mindfetalness on pregnancy outcomes and, through cluster-randomisation, 19 639 women ... that did not result in any interventions aimed at ending the pregnancy. In Studies II-IV, we evaluated Mindfetalness, a method ...
Cameroon and its effect on pregnancy outcome were evaluated with respect to gravidity and maternal age. Results showed that ... and maternal anemia as well as first and second pregnancies were important risk factors for LBW babies. ... Plasmodial pigmentation of placenta and outcome of pregnancy in west African mothers. BMJ 287 :251-254. ... Plasmodial pigmentation of placenta and outcome of pregnancy in west African mothers. BMJ 287. :. 251. -254.. ), false ...
Undesirable pregnancy outcomes as preeclampsia, low birth weight, caesarean sections and preterm delivery, if any, were ... Objective: In this study, we examined the iron status in pregnant women in correlation to pregnancy outcome.. Subjects and ...
... folate during pregnancy, age of sexual initiation and health outcomes ... adolescent pregnancy, high number of sexual partners) and negative health outcomes. Authors concluded interventions targeting ... Author Contact: Jordan M. Harrison, PhD, RN, Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania School ... New AJPH Research: Race and Opioids, Heroin Overdose Death Undercount, Folate During Pregnancy, Age of Sexual Initiation and ...
Effects of increased fetuin-A in human trophoblast cells and associated pregnancy outcomes. *. Luis M. Gomez, MD Luis M. Gomez ... Effects of increased fetuin-A in human trophoblast cells and associated pregnancy outcomes. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2012;207:484.e1 ... Trophoblast infection with Chlamydia pneumoniae and adverse pregnancy outcomes associated with placental dysfunction. ... Effects of increased fetuin-A in human trophoblast cells and associated pregnancy outcomes ...
Even congenital outcomes appeared to trend toward worse outcomes for patients with breast cancer with a postterm pregnancy. ... Study Examines Pregnancy Outcomes in Breast Cancer Survivors. By Alice Goodman. February 10, 2021. Advertisement ... the reproductive outcomes in this population, including complications, delivery outcomes, and fetal outcomes; and to report ... 1. Blondeaux E, Perachino M, Bruzzone M, et al: Chances of pregnancy after breast cancer, reproductive and disease outcomes. ...
The researchers compared these outcomes in a control group, that is, the babies and pregnancy outcomes of women who did not ... or both might adversely affect pregnancy outcomes. Conclusions. Women diagnosed with ADHD at any stage were 20 to 30 per cent ... say the authors of a new study examining pregnancy outcomes among women treated with ADHD medications. ... suggesting that ADHD itself is a significant predictor of adverse pregnancy and perinatal outcomes. ...
Traffic-related air pollution and pregnancy outcomes in the Dutch ABCD birth cohort study ... Traffic-related air pollution and pregnancy outcomes in the Dutch ABCD birth cohort study ... Traffic-related air pollution and pregnancy outcomes in the Dutch ABCD birth cohort study ...
ADAM12s and PP13 as first trimester screening markers for adverse pregnancy outcome. / Deurloo, K.L.; Linskens, I.H.; Heijmans ... ADAM12s and PP13 as first trimester screening markers for adverse pregnancy outcome. Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine ... ADAM12s and PP13 as first trimester screening markers for adverse pregnancy outcome. In: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory ... Dive into the research topics of ADAM12s and PP13 as first trimester screening markers for adverse pregnancy outcome. ...
  • Introduction Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has been associated with adverse neonatal outcomes such as preterm birth and growth restriction in some studies. (
  • The published research does not currently allow for the estimation of the net effect of ART on pregnancy, maternal and neonatal outcomes. (
  • OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to evaluate the obstetric, fetal and neonatal outcomes of teenage pregnancy in a tertiary care teaching hospital. (
  • Younger teenager group (17 years) was most vulnerable to adverse obstetric and neonatal outcomes. (
  • In pregnancy, OSA is associated with adverse perinatal outcomes, including GDM and preeclampsia, as well as long-term cardiometabolic complications in both women and their offspring via mechanisms including intermittent hypoxia, oxidative stress, endothelial dysfunction, and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA) dysfunction. (
  • In a recent study, Cohen and colleagues examined Medicaid Analytic eXtract data for pregnant women taking mood stabilizers in order to assess risk for several different negative pregnancy outcomes: preeclampsia, placental abruption, growth restriction and preterm birth. (
  • Demographics, medical history, and presence of APOs (gestational diabetes (GDM), hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP), preeclampsia (PE), and medically indicated or spontaneous preterm birth (miPTB, sPTB)) were obtained. (
  • Increased rates of preeclampsia, preterm labor, stroke, and death have been widely reported in pregnant women with SLE, along with adverse fetal outcomes. (
  • Not only did we observe the previously reported higher risks of stroke, death, preeclampsia, and serious infection in SLE pregnancy, but we also observed significantly higher risks of adverse maternal, fetal, and infant outcomes in pregnancies prior to SLE diagnosis. (
  • She notes that people who get COVID-19 while pregnant face much higher risks of severe outcomes - not just from the virus but from other serious hypertensive complications of pregnancy , such as preeclampsia and postpartum hemorrhaging. (
  • Of the few previous studies that describe maternal and neonatal pregnancy outcomes in women with psoriatic arthritis, some indicated an increased risk of preterm birth and cesarean delivery. (
  • Overall, the risk of preterm birth was increased for the main analysis of the 921 psoriatic arthritis pregnancies (aOR of 1.69, 95%CI 1.27-2.24). (
  • This paper studies the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and two adverse pregnancy outcomes, low birth weight (LBW) and preterm birth, in both Brussels and Montreal. (
  • Both preterm birth and postterm gestation are associated with an increased risk of adverse pregnancy events. (
  • The researchers plan to compare birth outcomes between mothers who were infected with Zika virus and those who were not, documenting the frequency of miscarriage, preterm birth, microcephaly, malformations of the nervous system, and other complications. (
  • The primary outcome is 'adverse pregnancy outcome' defined as a composite of fetal loss (spontaneous abortion or stillbirth), singleton live births born SGA or with LBW, or preterm birth (PTB). (
  • Most patients with chronic urticaria (CU) used treatment during pregnancy, especially with second-generation antihistamines, which appear to be safe regardless of the trimester. (
  • Most CU patients use treatment during pregnancy and such treatments, especially second generation H1 antihistamines, seem to be safe during pregnancy regardless of the trimester," the researchers concluded. (
  • Conclusions: Combined ADAM12s and PP13 measurements do not predict adverse pregnancy outcome, but decreased first trimester ADAM12s levels are associated with GH. (
  • Patients with adverse pregnancy outcomes had higher SCCAI in the second trimester than the patients without adverse outcomes (P = 0.034). (
  • Conclusion: Chinese women with UC can usually achieve favorable pregnancy outcomes under multidisciplinary management, and a higher SCCAI in the second trimester has a positive correlation with adverse pregnancy outcomes. (
  • pre- and post-pregnancy awareness), second (T2), and third trimester (T3) were recorded for a prospective cohort of pregnant Australian women with singleton births (n = 1232). (
  • regression analyses identified associations between adherence in each trimester and birth outcomes. (
  • Regressing PSS scores after delivery on first-trimester PSS and PSS increase through pregnancy showed positive associations, with coefficients (95% CI) of 2.8 (2.7, 3.0) and 1.5 (1.3, 1.7) per 5-point change, respectively. (
  • There was a significantly higher ratio of dilute Russell's viper venom time and IgG ACA titre in the first trimester compared with results pre-pregnancy in women with APS. (
  • these migraines may then require pharmacotherapy during pregnancy, including the first trimester: a critical window for embryogenesis. (
  • The participants will be in their first trimester of pregnancy and will be followed throughout their pregnancies to determine if they become infected with Zika virus and if so, what outcomes result for both mother and child. (
  • In 1994, 80 percent ing their pregnancy and its risks earlier than those who did not of all mothers initiated care in the first trimester. (
  • Kaplan-Meier curves demonstrating the effect of gestational age at the time of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection on secondary obstetric outcomes. (
  • The results displayed no differences in risk of pre-eclampsia, gestational diabetes or hypertension, small for gestational age, or large for gestational age in psoriatic arthritis pregnancies compared to non-psoriatic arthritis pregnancies. (
  • Birth outcomes were birth weight, small for gestational age, and head circumference. (
  • This study consists of an analysis of pregnancy outcome in 50 cases with diagnosis of oligohydramnios by ultrasound after 34 weeks of gestation compared with 50 controls with no oligohydramnios and matched for other variables like age, parity & gestational age. (
  • Objective: To investigate the outcome of pregnancies with small baby, including both small for gestational age (SGA) and late fetal growth restriction (FGR) fetuses, undergoing induction of labor (IOL) with Dinoprostone, Misoprostol or mechanical methods. (
  • For the purposes of this study, prior spontaneous abortions were not counted as prior pregnancies, unless gestational age qualified them for stillbirth classification. (
  • Individual patient data (IPD) meta-analysis was conducted to compare the association between antimalarial treatments and adverse pregnancy outcomes, including placental malaria, accompanied with the gestational age at diagnosis of uncomplicated falciparum malaria infection. (
  • In multivariate analysis ( adjusted for maternal age, estimated gestational age at enrollment, gravidity and education) adjusted odds ratio (AOR) for any adverse outcome (intrauterine loss, preterm, low birth weight, birth defect) for HIV positive vs negative women was 2.29 (95% CI 1.41 to 3.72), p=0.001. (
  • 4] But women with HIV at normal BMI were at higher risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes, including low birth weight (LBW) and small for gestational age (SGA). (
  • In contrast, lower gestational age and birth weight infants belonging to mothers who did not experience high depressive symptoms perinatally did not demonstrate impaired motor outcomes. (
  • Perinatal outcome variables included gestational hypertension, preterm births, low-birth-weight infants, small-for-gestational- age infants, and major malformations. (
  • Outcomes in singleton live births to women with SLE (n=551) were compared to the general population (n=12 847) between 1987 and 2012. (
  • For each of the three categories of exposed births defined later, MBW, the prevalence of SGA and preterm births, and the ratio of fetal deaths per singleton live births were compared with these outcomes in unexposed births. (
  • First and subsequent pregnancies of these women were identified by linkage to the medical birth registry (MBR). (
  • Unexposed pregnancies or non-psoriatic arthritis pregnancies were identified from the NPR and by the medical birth registry, the first and subsequent singleton pregnancies to women without diagnosis of inflammatory joint disease sampled from a pre-existing linkage. (
  • There were 10 unexposed pregnancies sampled matched on year of birth, maternal age, and parity. (
  • BLOOMINGTON, Minn. - HealthPartners Institute has received more than $2 million from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to conduct surveillance that will help determine whether the preventive shots have any impact on pregnancy, birth outcomes or infant development. (
  • In addition, pregnant women must consider potential vaccine side effects against the growing body of research that shows COVID-19 more severely impacts pregnant women and birth outcomes. (
  • As part of a 5-year project, Kharbanda and colleagues will analyze health care data from the participating health systems to evaluate the risk of adverse pregnancy and birth outcomes following COVID-19 vaccination in pregnant women. (
  • This study of women enrolled in the Boston Birth Cohort from 1999 to 2014 found that fewer than 5 percent of mothers enrolled in the study started folic acid supplements before pregnancy, and approximately one-third of mothers had either too low or too high plasma folate levels, which may have important health consequences on both the mother and the child. (
  • The study led by the University of Sydney, assessed the impacts of ADHD and its treatment on outcomes including: spontaneous labour (normal vaginal delivery without medical intervention), caesarean delivery, active neonatal resuscitation, premature birth (before 37 weeks), and a 1-minute Apgar score less than seven (7 to 10 is normal). (
  • These increases even affected women (and their babies) who were not diagnosed or treated for ADHD until after giving birth, suggesting that ADHD itself is a significant predictor of adverse pregnancy and perinatal outcomes. (
  • Women who were diagnosed with ADHD and treated with stimulant medications during childhood or pregnancy also had an elevated risk for pre-eclampsia (high blood pressure, protein in the urine and swelling), having a premature birth, or their baby having a lower than normal Apgar score (less than 7). (
  • Women in each treatment category were separately compared with all untreated women and odds ratios calculated for the perinatal outcomes using unconditional multiple logistic regression while adjusting for matching variables (baby's year of birth and mother's age) and the potential confounding effects of maternal age, parity, multiple pregnancy, cigarette smoking, pre-existing diabetes and hypertension. (
  • Birth outcomes among American Indian/Alaska Native women with diabetes in pregnancy. (
  • 0 0 MABU MABU 2016-01-08 16:27:53 2016-01-08 16:27:53 Birth outcomes among American Indian/Alaska Native women with diabetes in pregnancy. (
  • A population-based study examining associations between SES and pregnancy outcomes was conducted in each city, using administrative databases from Belgian and Quebec birth records ( N = 97,844 and 214,620 births in Brussels and Montreal, respectively). (
  • Indeed, poverty before and during pregnancy (as well as the material and psychosocial consequences of low income) has a negative impact on the physical and mental health of the mother, which causes repercussions to the development of the foetus, and increases the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes such as low birth weight or pre-term birth. (
  • and (iv) association between adherence and growth restriction birth outcomes. (
  • Exceeding the guideline T1 pre-pregnancy awareness was associated with lower birth weight after covariate control (b = -143.16, p = 0.011). (
  • Excess caffeine consumption pre-pregnancy awareness may increase the risk for lower birth weight. (
  • Faculty of Medicine researchers have found that reducing twin and triplet pregnancies to singleton or twin pregnancies was associated with a substantial reduction in complications, such as pre-term birth and very pre-term birth. (
  • The UBC research, published in CMAJ , looked at birth outcomes in British Columbia between 2009 and 2013 among women who underwent elective fetal reduction of multi-fetal pregnancy compared with multi-fetal pregnancies without such reduction. (
  • However, use of MPA during pregnancy is associated with increased risk of pregnancy loss, congenital malformations, and low birth weight. (
  • Integrating the Mycophenolate Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy (MREMS) into Practice to Prevent Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes will provide HCPs who prescribe MPAs with information on MPA-associated pregnancy risks, the need for counseling female patients of reproductive potential on birth control and planning, and the need for reporting pregnancies to the Mycophenolate Pregnancy Registry. (
  • It will also provide information to female patients of reproductive potential who are prescribed MPA about the pregnancy risks and the importance of appropriate planning and birth control. (
  • Reduction of malaria-associated adverse birth outcomes requires effective prevention in pregnant women. (
  • Logistic regression models, with data stratified by time period and adjusted for subject-specific demographic factors, were used to investigate the risk for each outcome in regard to proximity at birth to landfill sites within Cumbria. (
  • Aims: We sought to collect data on pregnancy intentions and outcomes among TGE people assigned female or intersex at birth in the United States. (
  • Pregnancy intentions and outcomes among transgender, nonbinary, and gender-expansive people assigned female or intersex at birth in the United States: Results from a national, quantitative survey" International Journal of Transgender Health (2020): 30-41. (
  • Despite almost universal ART and most women starting treatment before pregnancy, adverse birth outcomes remained elevated among women living with HIV compared with HIV negative women in the Integrated Management Team to Improve Maternal-Child Outcomes (IMPROVE) study. (
  • This difference was significant for individual outcomes, intrauterine loss (p=0.013) and low birth weight (p=0.002) but not for preterm delivery. (
  • Reproductive and birth outcomes may be different across geographic areas due to access to care, level of care and a woman's personal and behavioral characteristics, and environmental exposures. (
  • Reproductive and birth outcome data on the Tracking Network are provided by CDC's National Vital Statistics System from local and state vital statistics systems (birth, death, and fetal death records) and the U.S. Census Bureau external icon . (
  • Providing reproductive and birth outcome data through the Tracking Network can improve surveillance methods by creating indicators that can be linked to environmental exposure or hazard data that are not being collected by existing surveillance systems. (
  • Understand the geographic distribution and trends in reproductive and birth outcomes. (
  • Nurses partner with families during pregnancy to support healthy pregnancy and birth outcomes and support the family in preparing for the new baby. (
  • In the present prospective cohort study, Canadian researchers analyzed the association between prenatal and postnatal depression and stress in mothers and infant motor outcomes within two months of birth during the COVID-19 pandemic through an online survey. (
  • According to cluster analysis, the low birth weight and premature babies born to mothers who reported heightened depression symptoms during and after pregnancy had the worst motor outcomes. (
  • Further, the normal birth weight and term babies born to mothers who reported elevated symptoms of depression during pregnancy and after delivery was also associated with impairment of motor functions. (
  • That includes a small study published in JAMA last week, which found that 98% of babies whose mothers were vaccinated during pregnancy still had detectable levels of protective antibodies two months after birth. (
  • In addition to microcephaly, other problems have been detected in pregnancies and among fetuses and infants infected with Zika virus before birth, including miscarriage, stillbirth, absent or poorly developed brain structures, eye defects, hearing deficits, and impaired growth. (
  • You would naturally assume extra coverage for the pregnancy would include a possibility of an early birth. (
  • I don't see why they should think about calling the company when they were under the impression that the coverage for the pregnancy would include the birth. (
  • I would say the mistake was in not checking if that was the case when purchasing the policy in the first place but if the insurance company was selling them a policy related to covering pregnancy it seems an easy assumption to make that a birth is a potential related outcome. (
  • The project helped expecting mothers plan for healthy birth outcomes through mentorship and risk-reduction programs. (
  • Several years later, the organization eventually created a new mission statement that only encompassed supporting birth outcomes in the African American community. (
  • According to iDream, the solution is to help Black women recognize why they have adverse birth outcomes. (
  • The public belief is that the vaginal delivery is the positive obstetric outcome while caesarian birth is the negative obstetric outcome. (
  • These data further highlight the importance of identifying this condition in pregnancy and testing the impact of therapy on these complications. (
  • BACKGROUND: Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy are common pregnancy complications that are associated with greater cardiovascular disease risk for mothers. (
  • No significant difference in the frequency and characteristics of pregnancy-related complications was noted between the two groups. (
  • Women with UC of childbearing age are at a high risk of complications as pregnancy may cause a disease flare while UC itself may affect pregnancy and delivery outcomes [2-4]. (
  • Type 1 diabetes in pregnancy is associated with increased risks of maternal and fetal complications. (
  • For statistical analysis the cases were further subdivided into 2 groups, 17 years (Group A) and 18 -19 years (Group B). Groups were compared for obstetric complications and neonatal outcome. (
  • 3 Lack of routine dental care can also delay diagnosis of conditions, which can lead to potentially preventable complications, high-cost emergency department visits, and adverse outcomes. (
  • Zika virus has spread rapidly through the Americas," said NICHD acting director Catherine Y. Spong, MD. "We anticipate that this study will provide important information on the link between Zika infection and pregnancy complications and inform strategies to help safeguard the health of mothers and their newborns. (
  • The researchers also seek to compare the risk of pregnancy complications among women who have symptoms of Zika virus infection and those who are infected but do not have symptoms. (
  • The Hear Her campaign was launched because too many people die from pregnancy-related complications. (
  • Alarmingly over 700 women die each year in this country from problems related to pregnancy or delivery complications. (
  • Additionally, there are significant racial and ethnic disparities in pregnancy-related complications and deaths. (
  • The Hear Her campaign centers on the stories of women who have experienced pregnancy-related complications. (
  • Adverse obstetric outcomes are more common in women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) even prior to the diagnosis, suggesting that SLE pathophysiology and the resulting preclinical immunologic changes may be related to adverse maternal and fetal outcomes. (
  • The MBR contained information relating to maternal health including cigarette smoking, labor and delivery characteristics, and fetal outcomes. (
  • Timely treatment of thyroid disease during pregnancy is important in preventing adverse maternal and fetal outcomes. (
  • Obstetric outcomes were ascertained. (
  • Using a population-based design allowed researchers to investigate whether the adverse obstetric outcomes see in women with SLE were specific to SLE itself, or occurred at similar rates in the general population. (
  • The effects of contraception on obstetric outcomes / Cicely Marston and John Cleland. (
  • If possible, surveillance programmes should aim to ascertain congenital anomalies among all pregnancy outcomes, with the exception of early spontaneous abortions. (
  • Given the relatively low incidence of congenital malformations and perinatal mortality, large studies are required for accurate risk estimates, and variations in outcomes for type 1 diabetic pregnancies may be associated not only with diabetes but also with other risk factor variations in the general obstetric population. (
  • Prognostic value of amniotic fluid viral load to predict adverse outcome in pregnancies complicated by congenital Cytomegalovirus infection: a multicenter study. (
  • Zika virus infection during pregnancy is a cause of congenital microcephaly and serious brain abnormalities ( 4 ). (
  • Infections with other viruses (e.g., cytomegalovirus, rubella, parvovirus) around the time of conception have been associated with congenital infection and adverse pregnancy outcomes, although the exact timing of infection relative to conception was sometimes uncertain ( 5 - 9 ). (
  • We describe the management and clinical outcome of pregnancies among 100 Greek Cypriot women with thalassaemia: 88 with thalassaemia major and 12 with thalassaemia intermedia. (
  • A team of investigators led by Katarina Remaeus, PhD, Karolinska Institutet, Department of medicine Solna, Clinical Epidemiology Division, conducted a cohort study in order to evaluate the impact that antirheumatic treatment had on pregnancy outcomes in women with psoriatic arthritis (PsA). (
  • These women may benefit from clinical risk assessment or early interventions to mitigate their greater risk of various cardiovascular outcomes. (
  • Background: Although China has a large population and increasing incidence of ulcerative colitis (UC), data on pregnancy outcomes in women with UC are insufficient and the relationship between simple clinical colitis activity index (SCCAI) and pregnancy outcomes has rarely been studied. (
  • Clinical characteristics, disease condition, and treatment details were compared between patients with and without adverse pregnancy outcomes. (
  • Thus, the diagnosis of UC in pregnancy is more often based on clinical manifestations. (
  • Clinical characteristics and treatment details were compared between the 15 cases without adverse pregnancy outcome (normal group) and eight cases with adverse pregnancy outcomes (abnormal group). (
  • Mehret Birru Talabi, MD PhD , assistant professor of Medicine in the Division of Rheumatology and Clinical Immunology at the University of Pittsburgh, has conducted a series of research studies that assess pregnancy outcomes across individuals with rheumatic diseases (RMDs). (
  • Clinical manifestations, risk factors, and maternal and perinatal outcomes of coronavirus disease 2019 in pregnancy: living systematic review and meta-analysis. (
  • Many clinical interventions have been identified that could be offered to women before conception to help avoid adverse outcomes. (
  • The secondary outcome was prediction of post-natal clinical symptoms related CMV infection . (
  • Taking zinc by mouth during pregnancy seems to help improve the growth of the infant during the first year of life. (
  • Although eclipsed by Tsepamo and other presentations evaluating dolutegravir (DTG)-associated neural tube defect risk, [1] there were several interesting related oral and poster abstracts at IAS 2019 focusing on pregnancy and maternal infant health. (
  • While most women have a normal term pregnancy and deliver a normal infant, a safe and healthy pregnancy is not experienced by all women. (
  • The bottom line is that maternal vaccination is a really important way to help protect these young infants," said Dr. Dana Meaney-Delman, chief of the CDC's Infant Outcome Monitoring, Research and Prevention branch. (
  • Policies like the "Healthy Women, Healthy Babies" initiative that invests in women's health by prioritizing access to preventive reproductive health care, programs that facilitate healthy pregnancies and births, and eliminating racial disparities in maternal and infant health outcomes. (
  • Relationship between unintended pregnancy and antenatal care use during pregnancy in Hadiya Zone, Southern Ethiopia. (
  • The study findings show that while antenatal and postnatal depression in mothers predicted the motor outcomes of newborns during the initial two months of life, stress observed in mothers during and after gestation did not forecast the motor ability of infants during this period. (
  • Oral antenatal L-citrulline supplementation to reduce adverse pregnancy outcomes: a two-arm, randomized, placebo-controlled multi-site trial in Kenya (L-ArGinine to pRevent advErse prEgnancy outcomes (AGREE). (
  • METHODS: Medical records in the Duke University Health System were reviewed for pregnancies in patients with a diagnosis of ILD with underlying autoimmune disease. (
  • Methods: Overall, 23 pregnancies of 18 patients with UC were included. (
  • In the overall population of small fetuses, composite adverse intra-partum outcome occurred in 21.2 % (95 % CI 10.0−34.9) of pregnancies induced with Dinoprostone, 18.0 % (95 % CI 6.9−32.5) of those with Misoprostol and 11.6 % (95 % CI 5.5−19.3) of those undergoing IOL with mechanical methods. (
  • Composite adverse perinatal outcome following delivery complicated 2.9 % (95 % CI 0.5−6.7) newborns after IOL with Dinoprostone, 0.6 % (95 % CI 0-2.5) with Misoprostol and 0.7 % (95 % CI 0-7.1) with mechanical methods. (
  • In pregnancies complicated by late FGR, adverse intrapartum outcome occurred in 25.3 % (95 % CI 18.8−32.5) of women undergoing IOL with Dinoprostone, compared to 7.4 % (95 % CI 3.9−11.7) of those with mechanical methods, while CS for NRFS was performed in 23.8 % (95 % CI 17.3−30.9) and 6.2 % (95 % CI 2.8−10.5) of the cases, respectively. (
  • Methods A systematic review and one-stage IPD meta-analysis of studies assessing the efficacy of artemisinin-based and quinine-based treatments for patent microscopic uncomplicated falciparum malaria infection (hereinafter uncomplicated falciparum malaria) in pregnancy was conducted. (
  • Studies are showing successful outcomes by applying such methods. (
  • Material and Methods: A retrospective study was made of records of 14.968 pregnancies. (
  • CDC began reporting poor outcomes of pregnancies with laboratory evidence of possible Zika virus infection. (
  • Pregnancy-associated breast cancer is characterized by particularly poor outcomes, however the reasons remain obscure. (
  • Data from Lesotho - where almost a third of women of reproductive age are living with HIV - showed that in the ART era women with HIV still remain at a higher risk for adverse pregnancy outcomes. (
  • The goal of the study is to better understand how pregnant women are affected by COVID-19 including what their symptoms are, how long they last, and how COVID-19 may impact their pregnancy and/or delivery. (
  • Objective: In this study, we examined the iron status in pregnant women in correlation to pregnancy outcome. (
  • At this point, because of what we know about other respiratory infections and given the paucity of data related to COVID-19 and pregnancy, pregnant women should be considered an at-risk population for strategies focusing on prevention and management of COVID-19. (
  • Despite ART, elevated adverse pregnancy outcomes have been reported in both low- and high-income countries among pregnant women living with HIV compared with those without HIV. (
  • Most of the cases are persons who have higher risks for a severe disease outcome, such as neonates, pregnant women, the elderly and immunocompromised persons. (
  • The Zika in Infants and Pregnancy (ZIP) study aims to enroll as many as 10,000 pregnant women ages 15 years and older at up to 15 sites. (
  • Many pregnant women are turning to marijuana to help curb morning sickness during early pregnancy. (
  • The method used was a cross-sectional study with 401 pregnant women between 19 and 45 years old, treated in a hospital that is a reference in the care of risk pregnancy and in eight health units in Fortaleza, Ceará. (
  • The unpleasant effect of hypertension in pregnancy warrant the need for routine prenatal care, early detection and treatment of hypertension at younger ages of pregnancy and follow up after delivery. (
  • This study evaluates the associations of prenatal stress and APOs with maternal stress years after pregnancy. (
  • In this geographically and demographically diverse sample, prenatal stress and some APOs were positively associated with stress levels 2-7 years after pregnancy. (
  • Available publications regarding pregnancy outcomes following prenatal exposure to triptans from 1991 to 2013 were identified and reviewed according to the inclusion criteria. (
  • Due to the high rate of unplanned and late-diagnosed pregnancies, prenatal exposure to this group of drugs is often unavoidable. (
  • There was a concentration of care in the prenatal period as the primary approach for improving pregnancy results. (
  • Although high prenatal and postnatal maternal stress negatively impacted the newborn's motor outcomes, neither prenatal nor postnatal maternal stress reached statistically significant values to foretold the infant's motor function at least in zero to two months old neonates. (
  • Children with prenatal exposure to triptans did not show an increased rate of ADHD symptoms or diagnosis compared to those whose mothers had migraines before and during pregnancy but did not use triptans. (
  • Here, she guides Aireonna Reese, who had a difficult labor with a previous pregnancy, through a series of prenatal stretches during the early stages of labor. (
  • In 2014, Kemp founded Doula 4 a Queen , a community-based doula practice that offers everything from prenatal support for expectant mothers to doula care for those experiencing miscarriage and pregnancy loss. (
  • WHO guidelines on preventing early pregnancy and poor reproductive health outcomes among adolescents in developing countries. (
  • The overall pooled proportion of stillbirth was 1.1% (84/4361), PTB 10.0% (619/4131), SGA 32.3% (1007/3707), and placental malaria 80.1% (2543/3035), and there were no significant differences of considered outcomes by ACT. (
  • Risk factors for worsening CU during pregnancy, they added, were "mild disease and no angioedema before pregnancy, not taking treatment before pregnancy, chronic inducible urticaria, CU worsening during a previous pregnancy, stress as a driver of exacerbations, and treatment during pregnancy. (
  • In unadjusted analyses, exposure to each specific mood stabilizer and polytherapy with mood stabilizers was associated with increased risk of all four adverse outcomes listed above, as compared to no exposure (RRs ranged from 1.15 to 1.56). (
  • Investigators found that the risk of adverse outcomes increased the most in pregnancies with antirheumatic treatment, especially those treated with biologic disease modifying antirheumatic drugs (bDMARDs), during pregnancy, compared with non-psoriatic arthritis. (
  • Patients with antithyroid antibody showed significantly lower fertilization rate, implantation rate and pregnancy rate and higher risk for abortion following IVF-ET when compared with those without antithyroid antibody. (
  • These adverse outcomes were seen even in women not yet treated for ADHD and in women who stopped taking stimulant medication several years before becoming pregnant, suggesting that the increased risk isn't caused by medication," said the study's lead author Alison Poulton , a paediatrician and senior lecturer at the University of Sydney. (
  • The present study aims to compare the risk of cardiovascular disease outcomes for women with and without a history of gestational hypertension and pre-eclampsia using national hospital admissions data. (
  • Risk of total cardiovascular disease and 19 pre-specified cardiovascular disease subtypes, including stroke, coronary heart disease, cardiomyopathy and peripheral arterial disease was calculated separately for women with a history of gestational hypertension and pre-eclampsia compared to normotensive pregnancies. (
  • CONCLUSIONS: Women with either previous gestational hypertension or pre-eclampsia are at greater risk of a range of cardiovascular outcomes. (
  • The best available evidence indicates that a pregnancy after ART is often characterised by an increased risk of poorer health outcomes both for the foetus and the mothers. (
  • Multivariate analysis showed no statistically significant risk factor for adverse pregnancy outcomes. (
  • The eightfold increased risk for fetal macrosomia in type 1 diabetic pregnancies is unexpected and warrants further investigation. (
  • Maternal stress is a risk factor for adverse pregnancy outcomes (APOs). (
  • This study is conducted to determine whether a low AFI in the absence of any high risk factors has any significant effect on obstetric outcome. (
  • The FDA approved the Mycophenolate Shared System Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy (MREMS) in 2012, but despite the information provided to clinicians and patients on the pregnancy risks associated with the use of MPA, pregnancies are still occurring too frequently in patients being treated with MPAs leading to preventable adverse pregnancy outcomes. (
  • CONCLUSION: Teenage pregnancy was associated with a significantly higher risk of PIH, PET, eclampsia, premature onset of labor, fetal deaths and premature delivery. (
  • There was no increased risk of any other lethal adverse pregnancy outcome associated with residence near the landfills studied. (
  • 182 (11%) felt "at risk" for an unintended pregnancy. (
  • The primary outcome was the prognostic value accuracy of CMV qPCR in AF in predicting the risk of additional anomalies detected either at follow-up ultrasound or fetal MRI. (
  • Is pregnancy a risk factor for severe illness? (
  • She gave me a prescription for progesterone suppositories to take vaginally and booked an appointment at the hospital to see a specialist in high risk pregnancies who will assess if I am a candidate for a cerclage. (
  • UPDATE: Five days later, I went to a high risk pregnancy doctor and they had more accurate technology that said I am actually 2.2 cm! (
  • The risk for adverse pregnancy outcomes associated with maternal Zika virus infection around the time of conception is unknown. (
  • Babies whose mothers received two shots of either the Pfizer or Moderna vaccines during pregnancy had a 61% lower risk of being hospitalized with the virus in their first six months of life, the study found. (
  • Harris GM, Wood M, Ystrom E, Nordeng H. Association of maternal use of triptans during pregnancy with risk of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in offspring. (
  • The new model, now known as iDream, is a repurposed organization that is working to reverse the myths that only poor Black women have severe health issues and at-risk pregnancies. (
  • Purpose: Adolescent girls who use emergency departments for non-emergent complaints have risk factors for unintended pregnancy and are difficult to reach in outpatient settings. (
  • Implication and Contribution: Emergency departments could fill a gap in contraceptive services for adolescents at risk of pregnancy. (
  • Due to the impact of pregnancy risk status on women do not attend a minimum of four appointments number of ANC visits, patients with missing data on risk is a priority for UNRWA. (
  • Outcomes in health consider the availability of health services, the coverage of the needs of the populations, the risk factors, health security and financial health protection. (
  • The authors note that they had limited details on the timing, reason and number of fetuses reduced in some pregnancies. (
  • Conclusions: There is limited evidence on the optimal type of IOL in pregnancies with small fetuses. (
  • 997: Is Gestational Diabetes Associated with Adverse Pregnancy Outcome in Women with Twin Pregnancies? (
  • Plasmodial pigmentation of placenta and outcome of pregnancy in west African mothers. (
  • Prevalence of unintended pregnancy and associated factors among pregnant mothers in Jimma town, southwest Ethiopia: A cross sectional study. (
  • Further, poor motor development in kids with motor deficits arising in infancy and early childhood has been correlated with the poor mental health of mothers during pregnancy and following delivery. (
  • Mothers experiencing depression throughout pregnancy and following delivery were a strong negative predictor of the newborn's fine and gross motor ability within the initial two months of life. (
  • In the new CDC study, the protection against COVID-19 hospitalization appeared stronger for babies whose mothers got vaccinated after 21 weeks of pregnancy. (
  • Mothers self-reported use of triptans during pregnancy, and children exposed to triptans were compared to those who were not exposed. (
  • The researchers collected data from 244 mothers and their 3-year-old children in the Health Outcomes and Measures of the Environment Study, conducted in the Cincinnati area. (
  • She's gone on to become a doula, providing support to birthing mothers, their partners and families before, during and after pregnancy and childbirth in her Syracuse, New York, community for more than a decade. (
  • Committed to a mission of service when doula support is so crucial to the outcomes of laboring mothers in her community, Kemp has never turned away anyone for financial reasons, and she always makes sure that those who come to her are connected with another doula if her organization is unable to take them on. (
  • Mothers who wanted to be pregnant pregnancy wantedness. (
  • We studied linked maternal records and newborn records with a delivery hospitalization from 2010-2014 to assess newborn outcomes of maternal OSA based on diagnosis and procedure codes. (
  • Recognizing urgent maternal warning signs and getting an accurate and timely diagnosis can save lives during pregnancy and up to a year after delivery. (
  • CONCLUSIONS: While adverse pregnancy outcomes were common in women with very severe ILD and underlying CTD, overall maternal morbidity and mortality was low. (
  • Conclusions While most pregnancies in patients with ARVD/C were tolerated well, 13% were complicated by VA and 5% by HF. (
  • Therefore, fertility management and pregnancy outcomes in UC patients of childbearing age are always important. (
  • The latter two groups were more likely to report alcohol and tobacco use, and less likely to report planning pregnancy and fertility problems. (
  • Although rates of death and serious illness were not lower among all multi-fetal pregnancies that were reduced, pregnancies that resulted from fertility treatments did show a significant reduction in rates of death or serious illness following fetal reduction. (
  • Occupational hazards to fertility and pregnancy outcome. (
  • This retrospective study aimed to assess the relationship between SCCAI and pregnancy outcomes of Chinese women with UC and explore factors affecting pregnancy outcomes. (
  • Abstract Background Malaria in pregnancy, including asymptomatic infection, has a detrimental impact on foetal development. (
  • To date, there have been no published reports of adverse pregnancy outcomes after periconceptional Zika virus infection. (
  • Additionally, the study will evaluate how the timing of infection affects pregnancy outcomes and the role environmental influences, social determinants and other infections, such as dengue virus infection, may play on the health of the study participants and their newborns. (
  • In Study I, 2683 women completed questionnaires when they presented for decreased fetal movements, after an examination of their unborn baby, that did not result in any interventions aimed at ending the pregnancy. (
  • Most of these interventions have scientific evidence to support their role in improving pregnancy outcomes. (
  • As in other areas of public health, progress in the field depends on the ability to measure the impact of programs on the delivery of services and interventions, and health outcomes. (
  • Two evidence-based genomic applications were used as examples of "interventions", including 1) universal tumor testing for Lynch syndrome (LS) in all individuals with newly diagnosed colorectal cancer, and 2) screening to identify family history associated with hereditary breast and ovarian cancer (HBOC) syndrome, accepting that the outcome measures may be applied to other genetic conditions. (
  • These interventions are based on the average length of pregnancy, 40 weeks, despite the fact that pregnancies can range from 39 to 44 weeks. (
  • As was observed in a previous study from Wisner and colleagues (2019) , this study found that treatment with mood stabilizers did not negatively affect pregnancy outcomes, and there is indication in both of these studies that treated women may, in fact, have better outcomes than untreated women. (
  • Eighteen patients with UC and with 23 pregnancies admitted to our hospital between January 2014 and February 2019 were studied. (
  • Although the risks of pregnancy during isotretinoin therapy are well recognized, there are doubts about the level of adherence with the pregnancy prevention program in Canada. (
  • Accordingly, the aim of the St. Vincent Declaration from 1989 ( 9 ), i.e., to abolish the overt risks associated with pregnancy in women with type 1 diabetes by the end of the last century, has not been achieved. (
  • Her research examines exposures to environmental chemicals, their effects on women's and children's health, and the implications of these risks for disproportionate health outcomes. (
  • Hypertension in pregnancy ( HIP ) is defined as a systolic blood pressure â ¥140 or diastolic blood pressure â ¥90 mmHg or both. (
  • Hypertension in pregnancy affects about 5-22% of pregnancies especially in developing countries . (
  • Secondary outcomes were the individual components of the primary outcome, perinatal mortality and morbidity. (
  • Accurate interpretation of both antepartum and postpartum levels of thyroid hormones is important in preventing pregnancy-related complication secondary to thyroid dysfunction. (
  • Secondary outcomes included participant and physician satisfaction, assessed by follow-up surveys. (
  • Falciparum malaria and pregnancy. (
  • An analysis of malaria in pregnancy in Africa. (
  • This meant the researchers could determine whether ADHD, its treatment with stimulant medication, or both might adversely affect pregnancy outcomes. (
  • Investigators conducted a nationwide Swedish register-based cohort study of births from July 2007-December 2017 to compare pregnancy outcomes, with a focus on presence and timing of antirheumatic treatment in pregnancies with exposure to psoriatic arthritis compared with pregnancies without exposure to PsA. (
  • Large-scale intervention trials are urgently needed to assess the efficacy of preconception or early pregnancy screening for thyroid disorders. (
  • The study ' Pregnancy outcomes in women with psoriatic arthritis with respect to presence and timing of antirheumatic treatment ' was published in Arthritis & Rheumatology . (
  • Further, the thesis aimed to study pregnancy outcomes for women seeking care for decreased or altered fetal movements. (
  • To optimize treatment of CU during pregnancy and to better understand how treatment affects pregnancy outcomes, the researchers analyzed 288 pregnancies in 288 women with CU from 13 countries and 21 centers worldwide. (
  • The purpose of this study was to determine whether fetuin-A affects trophoblast viability and invasion, whether growth factors that bind receptors that activate tyrosine kinase are impaired by fetuin-A, and whether elevated maternal serum fetuin-A levels are associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. (
  • This study was designed to determine if exposure of rabbit intrafollicular oocytes to clomiphene citrate (CC) affects pregnancy outcome after in vitro ovulation, in vitro fertilization (IVF), and embryo transfer (ET). (
  • Complete questionnaires about your health and pregnancy online, by phone, or by mail. (
  • Researchers noted that the nature of the association remains unclear, but did examine the link between sex-related consequences of initiation (STI, adolescent pregnancy, high number of sexual partners) and negative health outcomes. (
  • Increasing awareness of the guideline in pregnancy and preconception health care may be warranted. (
  • Her research specifically focuses on clinician and patient-related factors that contribute to pregnancy outcomes, as well as approaches to enhancing reproductive health care in rheumatology. (
  • Sexual and reproductive health clinicians and counselors should avoid assumptions about pregnancy capacity or intentions based on a patient's presumed or stated gender or engagement with gender-affirming hormone therapy. (
  • The study examines the association of unwanted pregnancy and the utilization of maternal-child health services, and the adverse health outcomes in urban and rural settings. (
  • Impact of unintended pregnancy on maternal mental health: A causal analysis using follow up data of the Panel Study on Korean Children (PSKC). (
  • A recent publication identified examples of performance objectives and outcome metrics to be used within public health practice for successful implementation of genomic activities. (
  • Improving lifelong health one pregnancy at a time. (
  • She received a K99/R00 career development award from National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences to identify how environmental hazards may interact with social disadvantage and psychosocial stressors to exacerbate harms during pregnancy. (
  • Family & Child Health section offers a variety of parent support programs from pregnancy up to age 3. (
  • is an education and support program for people with social or health concerns during pregnancy. (
  • In addition, various studies have reported that the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic adversely impacts maternal mental health during pregnancy and postpartum. (
  • The full scope of the effect of Zika virus in pregnancy has not yet been fully determined," said NIAID director Anthony S. Fauci, MD. "This large prospective study promises to provide important new data that will help guide the medical and public health responses to the Zika virus epidemic. (
  • The program, which operates in collaboration with the USC Diversity in Healthcare Leadership Initiative, was created as a professional development opportunity for underrepresented and first-generation college students in need of learning how being in the African diaspora is affecting their health, specifically their pregnancies. (
  • As part of HHS' commitment, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Office of Minority Health (OMH) launched a new Hear Her campaign segment that works to improve AI/AN maternal health outcomes by raising awareness of life-threatening warning signs during and after pregnancy and improving communication between health care providers and their patients. (
  • The CDC's Division of Reproductive Health launched the Hear Her in 2020 as a national campaign that brings attention to pregnancy-related deaths and provide education and encouragement to pregnant and postpartum women (within one year of delivery). (
  • As many as 50,000 women experience severe, unexpected health problems related to pregnancy that may have long-term health consequences. (
  • Additional ongoing and historical trauma due to colonization, genocide, forced migration, and cultural erasure also contribute to health inequities, including pregnancy-related deaths and other maternal health conditions. (
  • These health centres were selected be- guidelines, advocating a four-visit ANC model to improve cause only these had fully operational e-health at the start care and pregnancy outcomes ( 5 ). (
  • The state of health and well-being is a function of the levels of attainment of the dimensions related to outcomes - the health and health-related services desired by the population. (
  • Getting vaccinated against COVID-19 during pregnancy may also help protect babies after they're born, according to new research published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (
  • To perform comparative analyses of obstetric and perinatal outcomes between type 1 diabetic pregnancies and the general obstetric population in Sweden between 1991 and 2003. (
  • We conducted descriptive analyses of pregnancy-related outcomes and report frequencies overall and by racial and ethnic identity, pregnancy intention, or testosterone use. (
  • As the campaign moves forward into implementation, the focus will be on building capacity for tribes and tribal serving organizations to implement the campaign and improve maternal outcomes. (